US Pat. No. 9,455,365

OPTOELECTRONIC SWITCH HAVING A PHOTOVOLTAIC RESPONSE AND ASSOCIATED METHOD OF USE

The Florida State Univers...

1. An optical FET (field-effect transistor) switch comprising:
a semiconductor substrate;
a dielectric layer positioned over the semiconductor substrate;
a transition metal dichalcogenides (TMD) layer positioned over the dielectric layer;
a first contact and a second contact positioned on the TMD layer;
a first Schottky diode formed at an interface between the first contact and the TMD layer; and
a second Schottky diode formed at an interface between the second contact and the TMD layer, wherein a barrier height of the
first Schottky diode and a barrier height of the second Schottky diode are asymmetrical and wherein a sense of current rectification
of the first Schottky diode is opposite a sense of current rectification of the second Schottky diode.

US Pat. No. 9,417,277

METHOD OF LOCATING A FAULT IN A POWER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM COMPRISING AT LEAST ONE WIND TURBINE DISTRIBUTED RESOURCE

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method of identifying the location of a fault in a power distribution system the method comprising:
in response to a fault located at one of a plurality of distributed resources on one or more feeders of a power distribution
system comprising a distribution grid, wherein at least one of the distributed resources is a wind turbine, and wherein a
distance of each of the plurality of distributed resources relative to the distribution grid is known, generating a current
by a controllable voltage source converter of one or more distributed resources not located at the fault and injecting the
current into the power distribution system;

measuring a voltage level at each of the plurality of distributed resources resulting from the current injected into the power
distribution system by each of the one or more distributed resources not located at the fault on the feeder;

generating a voltage profile from the voltage measurements at each of the one or more distributed resources, wherein the voltage
profile comprises the voltage level at each of the plurality of distributed resources relative to the distance of each of
the plurality of distributed resources from the distribution grid of the power distribution system; and

analyzing the voltage profile to identify the location of the fault in the power distribution system, wherein analyzing the
voltage profile further comprises identifying a voltage level drop at one of the plurality of distributed resources located
at a first distance from the distribution grid and a corresponding voltage rise at one or more of the plurality of distributed
resources located at a second distance from the distribution grid, wherein the second distance is greater than the first distance.

US Pat. No. 9,470,762

METHOD FOR SMALL-SIGNAL STABILITY ASSESSMENT OF POWER SYSTEMS USING SOURCE SIDE SHUNT CURRENT INJECTION AND LOAD SIDE PERTURBATIONS

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method comprising:
providing non-transitory computer readable media as executed by a system controller comprising a specialized chip to perform
a method for real-time analysis of small-signal stability of a power system comprising at least one power electronic-based
component, the method comprising:

observing the power system in a real-time operational mode, the power system comprising a source side and a load side from
a perspective of the power electronic-base component;

perturbing the source side of the power electronic-based component by injecting a current of about 0.5 to about 1 percent
of a nominal current of the power system using shunt current injection at the source side, and perturbing the load side of
the power electronic-based component by varying a voltage of the power system, wherein perturbing the source side of the power
electronic-based component and perturbing the load side of the power electronic-based component occurs simultaneously;

measuring currents and voltages at the source side and at the load side;
determining a phase of the power system using single-phase Phase Lock Loop;
transforming the measured source side current and voltage and the measured load side current and voltage to a d-q reference
frame using the determined phase of the power system;

transferring time-domain source side current and voltage values and time-domain load side current and voltage values to frequency-domain
current and voltage values using Fourier transforms;

calculating a frequency-domain return-ratio matrix in the d-q reference frame using the frequency-domain source side current
and voltage values and the frequency-domain load side current and voltage values;

plotting a Nyquist contour of a component using the frequency-domain return-ratio matrix; and
evaluating small-signal stability of the power system using stability criteria.

US Pat. No. 9,446,153

POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL BASED OLIGOMERS FOR COATING NANOPARTICLES, NANOPARTICLES COATED THEREWITH, AND RELATED METHODS

The Florida State Univers...

1. A composition comprising:
nanoparticles coated with a coating composition, the coating composition comprising:
repeating polyacrylic acid monomer units covalently bound together in an aliphatic chain having a plurality of carboxylic
acid functional groups and modified carboxylic acid functional groups extending therefrom, wherein a first portion of the
modified carboxylic acid functional groups are modified by a PEG oligomer having a terminal methoxy functional group and a
second portion of the modified carboxylic acid functional groups are modified by a PEG oligomer having at least one terminal
catechol group.

US Pat. No. 9,455,645

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR LEAKAGE CURRENT SUPPRESSION IN A PHOTOVOLTAIC CASCADED MULTILEVEL INVERTER

The Florida State Univers...

1. A system for leakage current suppression in a photovoltaic cascaded multilevel inverter, the system comprising:
a photovoltaic cascaded inverter, the photovoltaic cascaded inverter comprising a plurality of cascaded inverter modules,
each of the plurality of cascaded inverter modules comprising a DC-side and an AC-side, wherein the DC-side of each of the
plurality of cascaded inverter modules is coupled to one of a plurality of photovoltaic DC voltage sources and the AC-side
of each of the plurality of cascaded inverter modules are coupled in series with each other, and each of the plurality of
cascaded inverter modules further comprising;

a common mode DC-side choke coupled to the DC-side of the inverter module;
a common mode AC-side choke coupled to the AC-side of the inverter module;
a first common mode capacitor having a first terminal and a second terminal, wherein the first terminal is coupled to the
common mode DC-side choke and to a positive terminal of the photovoltaic DC voltage source and the second terminal is coupled
to ground; and

a second common mode capacitor having a first terminal and a second terminal, wherein the first terminal is coupled to the
common mode DC-side choke and to a negative terminal of the photovoltaic DC voltage source and the second terminal is coupled
to ground.

US Pat. No. 9,352,068

BIOCOMPATIBLE POLYELECTROLYTE COMPLEXES AND METHODS OF USE

The Florida State Univers...

1. A wound protection system comprising a sealed container containing an aqueous solution and a permanently deformable article,
the permanently deformable article comprising polyelectrolyte complex comprising an interpenetrating network of at least one
predominantly positively charged polyelectrolyte polymer and at least one predominantly negatively charged polyelectrolyte
polymer, the polyelectrolyte complex further comprising a plurality of closed-shell pores,
wherein said plurality of closed-shell pores is encapsulated in the polyelectrolyte complex and further wherein said plurality
of pores have at least one average transverse dimension between about 100 nanometers and about 1000 micrometers, said pores
comprise water, and the majority of said pores are non-interconnecting.

US Pat. No. 9,417,276

METHOD OF LOCATING A FAULT IN A POWER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM COMPRISING AT LEAST ONE COGENERATION DISTRIBUTED RESOURCE

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method of identifying the location of a fault in a power distribution system the method comprising:
in response to a fault located at one of a plurality of distributed resources on one or more feeders of a power distribution
system comprising a distribution grid, wherein at least one of the distributed resources is a cogeneration resource, and wherein
a distance of each of the plurality of distributed resources relative to the distribution grid is known, generating a current
by a controllable voltage source converter of one or more distributed resources not located at the fault and injecting the
current into the power distribution system;

measuring a voltage level at each of the plurality of distributed resources resulting from the current injected into the power
distribution system by each of the one or more distributed resources not located at the fault on the feeder;

generating a voltage profile from the voltage measurements at each of the one or more distributed resources, wherein the voltage
profile comprises the voltage level at each of the plurality of distributed resources relative to the distance of each of
the plurality of distributed resources from the distribution grid of the power distribution system; and

analyzing the voltage profile to identify the location of the fault in the power distribution system, wherein analyzing the
voltage profile further comprises identifying a voltage level drop at one of the plurality of distributed resources located
at a first distance from the distribution grid and a corresponding voltage rise at one or more of the plurality of distributed
resources located at a second distance from the distribution grid, wherein the second distance is greater than the first distance.

US Pat. No. 9,490,420

POLYMER FOAM-BASED PIEZOELECTRIC MATERIALS AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURE

The Florida State Univers...

1. A multilayer polymer ferroelectret, comprising:
a metallized polymer top layer;
a first patterned polymer layer comprising a plurality of cavities separated by supporting structures;
a central non-metallized polymer layer;
a second patterned polymer layer comprising a plurality of cavities separated by supporting structures, the cavities of the
second patterned layer positioned in a horizontal offset from the cavities of the first patterned layer;

a metallized polymer bottom layer; and
positive electric charges and negative electric charges positioned apart from one another across the cavities.
US Pat. No. 9,446,152

POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL BASED OLIGOMERS FOR COATING NANOPARTICLES, NANOPARTICLES COATED THEREWITH, AND RELATED METHODS

The Florida State Univers...

1. A composition comprising:
nanoparticles surface-capped with a coating composition, the coating composition comprising:
repeating polyacrylic acid monomer units covalently bound together in an aliphatic chain having a plurality of carboxylic
acid functional groups and modified carboxylic acid functional groups extending therefrom, wherein a first portion of the
modified carboxylic acid functional groups are modified by a PEG oligomer having a terminal methoxy functional group and a
second portion of the modified carboxylic acid functional groups are modified by a PEG oligomer having at least one terminal
sulfur moiety.

US Pat. No. 9,524,393

SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR ANALYZING AND MODIFYING PASSWORDS

The Florida State Univers...

1. A computer-implemented method of analyzing and modifying a first proposed password chosen by a user for a secured user
account, said method comprising the steps of:
generating a probabilistic context-free grammar from an array of control passwords aggregated from real-user passwords;
establishing a threshold complexity value based on effort required to crack said array of control passwords,
said first proposed password including a base structure containing a plurality of components, wherein the step of establishing
said threshold complexity value includes

setting a lower bound for a number of password guesses for said first proposed password until said threshold complexity value
is reached, wherein said password guesses do not need to be generated,

estimating a number of components in said base structure that are greater than said threshold complexity value, and
estimating and establishing said threshold complexity value based on the forgoing steps;
receiving said first proposed password as inputted by said user into a computer interface of a computer system connected to
a network;

deriving a complexity value of said first proposed password based on said context-free grammar;
comparing said complexity value of said first proposed password and said threshold complexity value,
wherein said first proposed password is accepted as sufficiently complex as a result of said first proposed password meeting
said threshold complexity value,

wherein in the alternative, said first proposed password is rejected as not sufficiently complex as a result of said first
proposed password failing to meet said threshold complexity value;

generating a second proposed password by limited modifications of said first proposed password as a result of said first proposed
password being rejected as not sufficiently complex, said limited modifications resulting in said second proposed password,

wherein said limited modifications have an edit distance of one (1) or two (2), where said edit distance is used to generate
said second proposed password in a manner that is memorable to said user based on said user's first proposed password;

deriving a modified complexity value of said second proposed password based on said context-free grammar;
comparing said modified complexity value of said second proposed password and said threshold complexity value, said second
proposed password accepted as sufficiently complex as a result of said second proposed password meeting said threshold complexity
value, said second proposed password rejected as not sufficiently complex as a result of said second proposed password failing
to meet said threshold complexity value; and

suggesting said second proposed password to said user as a result of said second proposed password accepted as sufficiently
complex.

US Pat. No. 9,442,153

METHOD OF LOCATING A FAULT IN A POWER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM USING A DIRECT CURRENT SIGNAL OF A DISTRIBUTED RESOURCE MODULATED BY AN ALTERNATING CURRENT SIGNAL

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method of identifying the location of a fault in a power distribution system, the method comprising:
in response to a fault located at one of a plurality of distributed resources on one or more feeders of a power distribution
system comprising a distribution grid and wherein a distance of each of the plurality of distributed resources relative to
the distribution grid is known, generating a current to be injected into the power distribution system by a controllable voltage
source converter of one or more of the plurality of distributed resources not located at the fault on the feeder, wherein
the one or more of the plurality of distributed resources not located at the fault on the feeder is a DC voltage distributed
resource providing a DC signal and injecting, by the one or more of the plurality of DC voltage distributed resources not
located at the fault on the feeder, the current into the power distribution system;

modulating, by the controllable voltage source converter of the DC voltage distributed resource, an alternating current (AC)
signal on top of the direct current (DC) signal of the DC voltage distributed resource;

measuring a voltage level at each of the plurality of distributed resources resulting from the current injected into the power
distribution system by each of the one or more distributed resources not located at the fault on the feeder;

generating a voltage profile from the voltage measurements at each of the one or more distributed resources, wherein the voltage
profile comprises the voltage level at each of the plurality of distributed resources relative to the distance of each of
the plurality of distributed resources from the distribution grid of the power distribution system; and analyzing the voltage
profile to identify the location of the fault in the power distribution system, wherein analyzing the voltage profile further
comprises identifying a voltage drop at one of the plurality of distributed resources located at a first distance from the
distribution grid and a corresponding voltage rise at one or more of the plurality of distributed resources located a second
distance from the distribution grid, wherein the second distance is greater than the first distance.

US Pat. No. 9,429,615

SYSTEM FOR LOCATING A FAULT IN A POWER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM COMPRISING AT LEAST ONE COGENERATION DISTRIBUTED RESOURCE

The Florida State Univers...

1. A system for locating a fault in a power distribution system, the system comprising:
a power distribution system comprising one or more feeders and a distribution grid;
a plurality of distributed resources located on at least one of the feeders, wherein a distance of each of the plurality of
distributed resources relative to the distribution grid is known and wherein at least one of the plurality of distributed
resources is a cogeneration distributed resource, one or more of the plurality of distributed resources comprising a current
injecting circuit to inject, in response to a fault located at one of the plurality of distributed resources on the at least
one feeder, a current into the power distribution system when the one or more of the plurality of distributed resources is
not located at the fault on the at least one feeder;

a voltage profile generator to measure, at each of the one or more distributed resources not located at the fault on the at
least one feeder, a voltage resulting from the current injected into the power distribution system by each of the one or more
distributed resources not located at the fault on the at least one feeder and to generate a voltage profile from the voltage
measurements, wherein the voltage profile comprises the voltage level of each of the plurality of distributed resources relative
to the distance of each of the plurality of distributed resources from the distribution grid of the power distribution system;
and

an analyzer to identify a voltage level drop at one of the plurality of distributed resources located at a first distance
from the distribution grid and a corresponding voltage rise at one or more of the plurality of distributed resources located
at a second distance from the distribution grid, wherein the second distance is greater than the first distance to identify
the location of the fault in the power distribution system.

US Pat. No. 9,274,199

NMR RF PROBE COIL EXHIBITING DOUBLE RESONANCE

The Florida State Univers...

1. A nuclear magnetic resonance probe, comprising:
a first radiofrequency coil patterned on a planar dielectric substrate, said first radiofrequency coil formed of conductive
material, said first radiofrequency coil generating a first magnetic field that is resonant at a first radiofrequency;

a second radiofrequency coil patterned on said dielectric substrate, said second radiofrequency coil formed of conductive
material, said second radiofrequency coil generating a second magnetic field that is resonant at a second radiofrequency,

said first radiofrequency coil and said second radiofrequency coil forming a first double-resonance apparatus;
a second double-resonance apparatus positioned substantially parallel to said first double-resonance apparatus; and
a sample region formed between said first double-resonance apparatus and said second double-resonance apparatus, said sample
region configured to receive a nuclear magnetic resonance sample,

said first magnetic field of said first radiofrequency coil being substantially parallel to a plane of said dielectric substrate
in said sample region,

said second magnetic field of said second radiofrequency coil being substantially perpendicular to said plane of said dielectric
substrate in said sample region,

said first radiofrequency coil being substantially in the shape of a figure-eight and patterned on a side of said dielectric
substrate that is proximal to said nuclear magnetic resonance sample,

said second radiofrequency coil being a spiral resonator and patterned on an opposite side of said dielectric substrate that
is distal to said nuclear magnetic resonance sample,

wherein said first magnetic field and said second magnetic field excite or detect respective nuclear magnetic resonance signals
at said first radiofrequency and said second radiofrequency alternately or simultaneously

wherein said second magnetic field is orthogonal to said first magnetic field at their respective resonant frequencies in
said sample region.

US Pat. No. 9,513,342

METHOD FOR SMALL-SIGNAL STABILITY ASSESSMENT OF POWER SYSTEMS WITHIN INSTABILITY BORDERS USING SOURCE SIDE AND LOAD SIDE PERTURBATIONS

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method for real-time analysis of small-signal stability of
a power system, the method comprising:
providing non-transitory computer readable media having computer-executable instructions for performing a method of running
a software program on a computing device, the computing device operating under an operating system, the method including issuing
instructions from the software program comprising;

observing the power system in a real-time operational mode, the power system comprising a source side and a load side from
a perspective of the power electronic-base component;

perturbing the source side of the power electronic-based component by injecting a current of about 0.5 to about 1 percent
of a nominal current of the power system at the source side using shunt current injection and perturbing the load side of
the power electronic-based component by varying a voltage of the power system using series voltage injection, wherein perturbing
the source side of the power electronic-based component using shunt current injection and perturbing the load side of the
power electronic-based component using series voltage injection occurs simultaneously;

measuring currents and voltages at the source side and at the load side;
determining a phase of the power system using single-phase Phase Lock Loop;
transforming the measured source side current and voltage and the measured load side current and voltage to a d-q reference
frame using the determined phase of the power system;

transferring time-domain source side current and voltage values and time-domain load side current and voltage values to frequency-domain
current and voltage values using Fourier transforms;

calculating a frequency-domain return-ratio matrix in the d-q reference frame using the frequency-domain source side current
and voltage values and the frequency-domain load side current and voltage values;

plotting a Nyquist contour of a d-d component of the frequency-domain return-ratio matrix; and
defining a relative stability of the power system and comparing the relative stability to instability borders of the power
system to evaluate the small-signal stability of the power system using stability criteria.

US Pat. No. 9,519,032

METHOD FOR SMALL-SIGNAL STABILITY ASSESSMENT OF POWER SYSTEMS USING SHUNT CURRENT INJECTION SOURCE SIDE AND SERIES VOLTAGE INJECTION LOAD SIDE PERTURBATIONS

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method for real-time analysis of small-signal stability of a power system, the method comprising:
providing non-transitory computer readable media having computer-executable instructions for performing a method of running
a software program on a computing device, the computing device operating under an operating system, the method including issuing
instructions from the software program comprising;

observing the power system in a real-time operational mode, the power system comprising a source side and a load side from
a perspective of the power electronic-base component;

perturbing the source side of the power electronic-based component by injecting a current of about 0.5 to about 1 percent
of a nominal current of the power system at the source side using shunt current injection and perturbing the load side of
the power electronic-based component by varying a voltage of the power system using series voltage injection, wherein perturbing
the source side of the power electronic-based component using shunt current injection and perturbing the load side of the
power electronic-based component using series voltage injection occurs simultaneously;

measuring currents and voltages at the source side and at the load side;
determining a phase of the power system using single-phase Phase Lock Loop;
transforming the measured source side current and voltage and the measured load side current and voltage to a d?q reference
frame using the determined phase of the power system;

transferring time-domain source side current and voltage values and time-domain load side current and voltage values to frequency-domain
current and voltage values using Fourier transforms;

calculating a frequency-domain return-ratio matrix in the d?q reference frame using the frequency-domain source side current
and voltage values and the frequency-domain load side current and voltage values;

plotting a Nyquist contour of a d?d component of the frequency-domain return-ratio matrix; and
evaluating small-signal stability of the power system using stability criteria.

US Pat. No. 9,494,389

STRUCTURALLY REINFORCED OPTICALLY TRANSPARENT BULLETPROOF PANEL

The Florida State Univers...

1. A bulletproof panel comprising:
a first reinforcement member having a first anterior portion and a first posterior portion, the first anterior and the first
posterior portions forming a first angle;

a second reinforcement member in a parallel alignment with the first reinforcement member wherein a bottom surface of the
second reinforcement member faces a top surface of the first reinforcement member, the second reinforcement member having
a second anterior portion and a second posterior portion, the second anterior and the second posterior portions forming a
second angle;

a first reflective layer disposed on the top surface of the first reinforcement member; and
a second reflective layer disposed on the bottom surface of the second reinforcement member;
a first optical lens disposed between the first and the second reflective layers, the first optical lens adjusting travel
paths of light rays;

wherein the light rays propagate through the bulletproof panel from the first posterior portion to the first anterior portion
by reflecting between the first and the second reflective layers, thereby enabling an observer to view an optical image of
an object located behind the bulletproof panel.

US Pat. No. 9,389,267

SYSTEM FOR LOCATING A FAULT IN A POWER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM COMPRISING AT LEAST ONE WIND TURBINE DISTRIBUTED RESOURCE

The Florida State Univers...

1. A system for locating a fault in a power distribution system, the system comprising:
a power distribution system comprising one or more feeders and a distribution grid;
a plurality of distributed resources located on at least one of the feeders, wherein a distance of each of the plurality of
distributed resources relative to the distribution grid is known and wherein at least one of the plurality of distributed
resources is a wind turbine, one or more of the plurality of distributed resources comprising a current injecting circuit
to inject, in response to a fault located at one of the plurality of distributed resources on the at least one feeder, a current
into the power distribution system when the one or more of the plurality of distributed resources is not located at the fault
on the at least one feeder;

a voltage profile generator to measure, at each of the one or more distributed resources not located at the fault on the at
least one feeder, a voltage resulting from the current injected into the power distribution system by each of the one or more
distributed resources not located at the fault on the at least one feeder and to generate a voltage profile from the voltage
measurements, wherein the voltage profile comprises the voltage level of each of the plurality of distributed resources relative
to the distance of each of the plurality of distributed resources from the distribution grid of the power distribution system;
and

an analyzer to identify a voltage level drop at one of the plurality of distributed resources located at a first distance
from the distribution grid and a corresponding voltage rise at one or more of the plurality of distributed resources located
at a second distance from the distribution grid, wherein the second distance is greater than the first distance to identify
the location of the fault in the power distribution system.

US Pat. No. 9,096,313

HIGH FREQUENCY PULSED MICROJET ACTUATION

The Florida State Univers...

1. A microjet nozzle assembly for creating a microjet with cyclical characteristics comprising:
a. a nozzle having a converging section, a throat, and a diverging section;
b. said throat having a diameter between 100 micrometers and 1000 micrometers;
c. said nozzle being configured to accelerate a flow of compressible gas to a supersonic velocity and direct said supersonic
gas out said diverging section, thereby creating said microjet;

d. said nozzle being bounded by nozzle wall;
e. an actuator positioned to bear against at least a portion of said nozzle wall in said throat;
f. said actuator being configured to move said at least a portion of said nozzle wall inward, thereby altering a cross section
of said throat and thereby altering said flow of said compressible gas through said nozzle; and

g. wherein said actuator is configured to cycle at a rate between about 5 Hz and about 5 kHz.

US Pat. No. 9,469,893

AGE-HARDENING PROCESS FEATURING ANOMALOUS AGING TIME

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method for achieving accelerated age hardening in a metal alloy while minimizing the risk of over-aging, comprising:
a. providing a metal alloy containing nickel, molybdenum, chromium, and rhenium;
b. wherein said rhenium comprises 3% to 10% of the total weight of said metal alloy;
c. wherein said nickel comprises 60% to 70% of the total weight of said metal alloy;
d. wherein said molybdenum comprises 20% to 30% of the total weight of said metal alloy;
e. wherein said chromium comprises 5% to 10% of the total weight of said metal alloy;
f. annealing said metal alloy; and
g. after said annealing step, subjecting said metal alloy to an age hardening process that forms long-range-ordered precipitates
of the form Ni2Re.

US Pat. No. 9,417,278

SYSTEM FOR LOCATING A FAULT IN A POWER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM COMPRISING AT LEAST ONE SOLAR PANEL DISTRIBUTED RESOURCE

The Florida State Univers...

1. A system for locating a fault in a power distribution system, the system comprising:
a power distribution system comprising one or more feeders;
a plurality of distributed resources located on at least one of the feeders, wherein at least one of the plurality of distributed
resources is a solar panel, one or more of the plurality of distributed resources comprising a current injecting circuit configured
to inject, in response to a fault located at one of the plurality of distributed resources on the at least one feeder, a current
into the power distribution system when the one or more of the plurality of distributed resources is not located at the fault
on the at least one feeder;

a voltage profile generator configured for measuring, at each of the one or more distributed resources not located at the
fault on the at least one feeder, a voltage resulting from the current injected into the power distribution system by each
of the one or more distributed resources not located at the fault on the at least one feeder and for generating a voltage
profile from the voltage measurements; and

an analyzer configured for analyzing the voltage profile to identify the location of the fault in the power distribution system.

US Pat. No. 9,274,161

VOLTAGE PROFILE BASED FAULT LOCATION IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM AND METHOD OF USE

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method of identifying the location of a fault in a power distribution system, the power distribution system comprising
one or more feeders and each of the one or more feeders comprising a plurality of distributed resources, the method comprising:
in response to a fault located at one of the plurality of distributed resources on one of the feeders of the distribution
system, injecting, by one or more of the plurality of distributed resources not located at the fault on the feeder, a current
into the power distribution system;

measuring, at each of the one or more distributed resources not located at the fault on the feeder, a voltage resulting from
the current injected into the power distribution system;

generating a voltage profile from the voltage measurements at each of the one or more distributed resources not located at
the fault on the feeder; and

analyzing the voltage profile to identify the location of the fault in the power distribution system.

US Pat. No. 9,542,528

AUTOMATED EXTRACTION OF BIO-ENTITY RELATIONSHIPS FROM LITERATURE

The Florida State Univers...

1. One or more non-transitory, tangible computer-readable media having computer-executable instructions for performing a method
by running a software program on a computer, the computer operating under an operating system, the method including issuing
instructions from the software program to extract semantic textual relationships or patterns from non-annotated data by natural
language processing and graph theoretic algorithm, the instructions comprising:
receiving a plurality of known textual strings and a plurality of interaction word strings;
receiving annotated text as training data that contains true and false patterns;
automatically building a decision support tool based on said true and false patterns to which said non-annotated data can
be parsed,

said decision support tool including at least a first level and a second level, said first level having a first decision node,
said second level having a second decision node, said first and second decision nodes each associated with at least a portion
of said true and false patterns;

receiving said non-annotated data;
extracting a textual clause of said non-annotated data that contains non-triplet word strings and at least one triplet, said
at least one triplet including a first textual entity, a second textual entity, and an interaction word, wherein said interaction
word indicates a possible relationship between said first textual entity and said second textual entity;

automatically parsing said extracted textual clause through said decision support tool to obtain a plurality of components
based on dependencies among said plurality of components;

extracting said at least one triplet from said plurality of components by attempting to match said plurality of components
of said parsed, extracted textual clause to said first level of said decision support tool;

identifying extraction of said at least one triplet as true if said plurality of components matches said first level of said
decision support tool;

identifying extraction of said at least one triplet as false if said plurality of components fails to match said first level
of said decision support tool;

as a result of said plurality of components failing to match said first level of said decision support tool, extracting said
at least one triplet from said plurality of components by attempting to match said plurality of components to said second
level of said decision support tool;

identifying extraction of said at least one triplet as true if said plurality of components matches said second level of said
decision support tool, said second level of said decision support tool being a simplified pattern of said first level of said
decision support tool to capture textual clauses that are not identical to said extracted textual clause; and

identifying extraction of said at least one triplet as false if said plurality of components fails to match said second level
of said decision support tool.

US Pat. No. 9,273,023

MODULAR SYNTHESIS OF GRAPHENE NANORIBBONS AND GRAPHENE SUBSTRUCTURES FROM OLIGO-ALKYNES

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method of cyclizing a compound, the method comprising:
contacting the compound with Bu3SnH, wherein the compound comprises repeat units having the following structure (I):


wherein:
n is an integer having a value of at least three and less than 25;
Ra1, Ra2, Ra3, and Ra4 are each carbon; and R1, R2, R3, and R4 are each independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, a substituted or unsubstituted aliphatic moiety, and
a substituted or unsubstituted alkoxy; wherein the substituents of substituted aliphatic moiety are selected from the group
consisting of chlorine, bromine, amino, and cyano;

or, alternatively, RA1, RA2, RA3, and RA4 are each carbon; R1, R2, R3, and R4 are each independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and a substituted or unsubstituted aliphatic moiety;
wherein the substituents of substituted aliphatic moiety are selected from the group consisting of chlorine, bromine, amino,
and cyano; and any two adjacent RA1, RA2, RA3, and RA4 and the R1, R2, R3, and R4, respectively bonded thereto together with the atoms to which they are bonded complete naphthalene or anthracene;

T1 and T2 are each independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, an aliphatic moiety having from 1 to 18 carbon atoms;
an aromatic moiety having from three to 18 carbon atoms; an alkoxy moiety having from 1 to 6 carbon atoms; and a cyano moiety;
and

further wherein at least one of the repeat units comprises an R1 moiety having the structure (II):


wherein:
Y is selected from the group consisting of bromine, iodine, and xanthyl; and
Z is selected from the group consisting of O, S, S(O), SO2, CH2, and NCH3.

US Pat. No. 9,389,269

SYSTEM FOR LOCATING A FAULT IN A POWER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM USING A DIRECT CURRENT SIGNAL OF A DISTRIBUTED RESOURCE MODULATED BY AN ALTERNATING CURRENT SIGNAL

The Florida State Univers...

1. A system for locating a fault in a power distribution system, the system comprising:
a power distribution system comprising one or more feeders and a distribution grid;
a plurality of distributed resources located on at least one of the feeders, wherein a distance of each of the plurality of
distributed resources relative to the distribution grid is known and wherein one or more of the plurality of distributed resources
is a DC voltage distributed resource providing a DC signal, the DC distributed resource comprising a controllable voltage
source converter to generate a current and to inject, in response to a fault located at one of the plurality of distributed
resources on the at least one feeder, the current into the power distribution system when the one or more of the plurality
of distributed resources is not located at the fault on the at least one feeder, and wherein the controllable voltage source
converter is to modulate an alternating current (AC) signal on top of the direct current (DC) signal of the distributed resource;

a voltage profile generator to measure, at each of the one or more distributed resources not located at the fault on the at
least one feeder, a voltage resulting from the current injected into the power distribution system by each of the one or more
distributed resources not located at the fault on the at least one feeder and to generate a voltage profile from the voltage
measurements, wherein the voltage profile comprises the voltage level of each of the plurality of distributed resources relative
to the distance of each of the plurality of distributed resources from the distribution grid of the power distribution system;
and

an analyzer to identify a voltage level drop at one of the plurality of distributed resources located at a first distance
from the distribution grid and a corresponding voltage rise at one or more of the plurality of distributed resources located
at a second distance from the distribution grid, wherein the second distance is greater than the first distance to identify
the location of the fault in the power distribution system.

US Pat. No. 9,150,748

POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL BASED OLIGOMERS FOR COATING NANOPARTICLES, NANOPARTICLES COATED THEREWITH, AND RELATED METHODS

The Florida State Univers...

1. A composition comprising repeating polyacrylic acid monomer units covalently bound together in an aliphatic chain having
a plurality of carboxylic acid functional groups and modified carboxylic acid functional groups extending therefrom, wherein
a first portion of the modified carboxylic acid functional groups are modified by a PEG oligomer having a terminal methoxy
functional group and a second portion of the modified carboxylic acid functional groups are modified by a PEG oligomer having
at least one terminal sulfur moiety.

US Pat. No. 9,389,270

METHOD OF LOCATING A FAULT IN A POWER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM COMPRISING AT LEAST ONE DISTRIBUTED RESOURCE HAVING A CONTROLLABLE VOLTAGE SOURCE CONVERTER

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method of identifying the location of a fault in a power distribution system, the method comprising:
in response to a fault located at one of a plurality of distributed resources on one or more feeders of a power distribution
system comprising a distribution grid, wherein each of the one or more feeders comprises the plurality of distributed resources,
wherein at least one of the plurality of distributed resources not located at the fault on the feeder comprises a controllable
voltage source converter, and wherein a distance of each of the plurality of distributed resources relative to the distribution
grid is known, and generating a current to be injected into the power distribution system by the controllable voltage source
converter of the at least one distributed resource not located at the fault on the feeder and injecting, by the one or more
of the plurality of distributed resources not located at the fault on the feeder, the current into the power distribution
system;

measuring a voltage level at each of the plurality of distributed resources resulting from the current injected into the power
distribution system by the controllable voltage source converter of the at least one distributed resource not located at the
fault on the feeder; generating a voltage profile from the voltage measurements at each of the one or more distributed resources,
wherein the voltage profile comprises the voltage level at each of the plurality of distributed resources relative to the
distance of each of the plurality of distributed resources from the distribution grid of the power distribution system; and

analyzing the voltage profile to identify the location of the fault in the power distribution system, wherein analyzing the
voltage profile further comprises identifying a voltage drop at one of the plurality of distributed resources located at a
first distance from the distribution grid and a corresponding voltage rise at one or more of the plurality of distributed
resources located at a second distance from the distribution grid, wherein the second distance is greater than the first distance.

US Pat. No. 9,389,268

SYSTEM FOR LOCATING A FAULT IN A POWER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM COMPRISING AT LEAST ONE DC VOLTAGE DISTRIBUTED RESOURCE HAVING A CONTROLLABLE VOLTAGE SOURCE CONVERTER

The Florida State Univers...

1. A system for locating a fault in a power distribution system, the system comprising:
a power distribution system comprising one or more feeders and a distribution grid;
a plurality of distributed resources located on at least one of the feeders, wherein a distance of each of the plurality of
distributed resources relative to the distribution grid is known and wherein one or more of the plurality of distributed resources
is a DC voltage distributed resource providing a DC signal, the DC distributed resource comprising a controllable voltage
source converter to generate a current and to inject, in response to a fault located at one of the plurality of distributed
resources on the at least one feeder, the current into the power distribution system when the one or more of the plurality
of distributed resources is not located at the fault on the at least one feeder;

a voltage profile generator to measure, at each of the one or more distributed resources not located at the fault on the at
least one feeder, a voltage resulting from the current injected into the power distribution system by each of the one or more
distributed resources not located at the fault on the at least one feeder and to generate a voltage profile from the voltage
measurements, wherein the voltage profile comprises the voltage level of each of the plurality of distributed resources relative
to the distance of each of the plurality of distributed resources from the distribution grid of the power distribution system;
and

an analyzer to identify a voltage level drop at one of the plurality of distributed resources located at a first distance
from the distribution grid and a corresponding voltage rise at one or more of the plurality of distributed resources located
at a second distance from the distribution grid, wherein the second distance is greater than the first distance to identify
the location of the fault in the power distribution system.

US Pat. No. 9,575,138

METHOD FOR SMALL-SIGNAL STABILITY ASSESSMENT OF POWER SYSTEMS USING SOURCE SIDE AND LOAD SIDE PERTURBATIONS

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method for real-time analysis of small-signal stability of a power system, the method comprising:
providing non-transitory computer readable media having computer-executable instructions for performing a method of running
a software program on a computing device, the computing device operating under an operating system, the method including issuing
instructions from the software program comprising;

observing the power system in a real-time operational mode using a Hardware-in-the-Loop (HIL) simulation system, the power
system comprising a source side and a load side from a perspective of the power electronic-based component, wherein the power
electronic-based component is selected from a solid state transformer (SST), a machine drive and an inverter;

perturbing the source side of the power electronic-based component by injecting a current of about 0.5 to about 1 percent
of a nominal current of the power system at the source side, and perturbing the load side of the power electronic-based component
by injecting a voltage of about 0.5 to about 1 percent of a nominal voltage of the power system at the load side, wherein
perturbing the power system comprises perturbing the source side and the load side of the power electronic-based component
simultaneously;

measuring a current and a voltage at the source side to generate a measured source side current and a measured source side
voltage and measuring a current and a voltage at the load side to generate a measured load side current and a measured load
side voltage;

determining a phase of the power system using single-phase Phase Lock Loop;
transforming the measured source side current and the measured source side voltage and the measured load side current and
the measured load side voltage to a d-q reference frame using the determined phase of the power system, to generate a transformed
time-domain source side current value and a transformed time-domain source side voltage value and a transformed time domain
load side current value and a transformed time-domain load side voltage value;

transferring the transformed time-domain source side current value to a frequency-domain source side current value, transferring
the transformed time-domain source side voltage value to a frequency-domain source side voltage value, transferring the transformed
time-domain load side current value to a frequency-domain load side current value and transferring the transformed time-domain
load side voltage value to a frequency-domain load side voltage value using Fourier transforms;

calculating a frequency-domain return-ratio matrix in the d-q reference frame using the frequency-domain source side current
value and the frequency-domain source side voltage value and the frequency-domain load side current value and the frequency-domain
load side voltage value;

plotting a Nyquist contour of a component using the frequency-domain return-ratio matrix;
evaluating small-signal stability of the power system using stability criteria; and
preventing instabilities of the power system based upon the evaluation of small-signal stability of the power system using
stability criteria.

US Pat. No. 9,389,266

SYSTEM FOR LOCATING A FAULT IN A POWER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM COMPRISING AT LEAST ONE MICROTURBINE DISTRIBUTED RESOURCE

The Florida State Univers...

1. A system for locating a fault in a power distribution system, the system comprising:
a power distribution system comprising one or more feeders and a distribution grid;
a plurality of distributed resources located on at least one of the feeders, wherein a distance of each of the plurality of
distributed resources relative to the distribution grid is known and wherein at least one of the plurality of distributed
resources is a microturbine, one or more of the plurality of distributed resources comprising a current injecting circuit
to inject, in response to a fault located at one of the plurality of distributed resources on the at least one feeder, a current
into the power distribution system when the one or more of the plurality of distributed resources is not located at the fault
on the at least one feeder;

a voltage profile generator to measure, at each of the one or more distributed resources not located at the fault on the at
least one feeder, a voltage resulting from the current injected into the power distribution system by each of the one or more
distributed resources not located at the fault on the at least one feeder and to generate a voltage profile from the voltage
measurements, wherein the voltage profile comprises the voltage level of each of the plurality of distributed resources relative
to the distance of each of the plurality of distributed resources from the distribution grid of the power distribution system;
and

an analyzer to identify a voltage level drop at one of the plurality of distributed resources located at a first distance
from the distribution grid and a corresponding voltage rise at one or more of the plurality of distributed resources located
at a second distance from the distribution grid, wherein the second distance is greater than the first distance to identify
the location of the fault in the power distribution system.

US Pat. No. 9,124,136

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SINGLE-PHASE, SINGLE-STAGE GRID-INTERACTIVE INVERTER

The Florida State Univers...

1. An inverter for a distributed generation system, the distributed generation system comprising at least one distributed
energy source and at least one energy storage, the inverter comprising:
a main transformerless DC to AC inverter to be coupled to the at least one distributed energy source, the main transformerless
DC to AC inverter to provide a real power of the inverter and to provide a first portion of a reactive power of the inverter,
wherein the main transformerless DC to AC inverter switches at a fundamental frequency; and

at least one auxiliary transformerless DC to AC inverter in cascade with the main transformerless DC to AC inverter, wherein
an output of the main transformerless DC to AC inverter is coupled to an input of the at least one auxiliary transformerless
DC to AC inverter, wherein each of the at least one auxiliary transformerless DC to AC inverters to be coupled to one of each
of the at least one energy storages and each of the at least one auxiliary transformerless DC to AC inverters to provide a
remaining portion of the reactive power of the inverter, wherein the sum of the first portion of the reactive power from the
main inverter and each of the remaining portions of the reactive power from each of the auxiliary inverters equals a total
reactive power of the inverter for the distributed generation system, wherein the at least one auxiliary transformerless DC
to AC inverter switches at a pulse-width-modulated frequency.

US Pat. No. 9,598,635

PHOTO-INDUCED PHASE TRANSFER OF LUMINESCENT QUANTUM DOTS

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method for preparing a composition comprising a polar solvent comprising a nanoparticle, the method comprising:
irradiating a biphasic mixture, the biphasic mixture comprising a polar solvent and a non-polar solvent, the polar solvent
and the non-polar solvent being immiscible in each other;

wherein, prior to irradiation, the polar solvent comprises a hydrophilic surfactant, the hydrophilic surfactant comprising
a moiety reactive with a surface of the nanoparticle or a moiety that becomes reactive with a surface of the nanoparticle
during irradiation of the biphasic mixture;

wherein, prior to irradiation, the non-polar solvent comprises the nanoparticle; and
wherein irradiating the biphasic mixture induces a reaction between the nanoparticle and the reactive moiety of the hydrophilic
surfactant, which reaction mediates transfer of the nanoparticle from the nonpolar solvent to the polar solvent.

US Pat. No. 9,423,445

METHOD OF LOCATING A FAULT IN A POWER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM COMPRISING AT LEAST ONE SOLAR PANEL DISTRIBUTED RESOURCE

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method of identifying the location of a fault in a power distribution system, the method comprising:
in response to a fault located at one of a plurality of distributed resources on one or more feeders of a power distribution
system comprising a distribution grid, wherein at least one of the distributed resources is a solar panel and wherein a distance
of each of the plurality of distributed resources relative to the distribution grid is known, generating a current by a controllable
voltage source converter of one or more distributed resources not located at the fault and injecting the current into the
power distribution system;

measuring a voltage level at each of the plurality of distributed resources resulting from the current injected into the power
distribution system by each of the one or more distributed resources not located at the fault on the feeder;

generating a voltage profile from the voltage measurements at each of the one or more distributed resources, wherein the voltage
profile comprises the voltage level at each of the plurality of distributed resources relative to the distance of each of
the plurality of distributed resources from the distribution grid of the power distribution system; and

analyzing the voltage profile to identify the location of the fault in the power distribution system, wherein analyzing the
voltage profile further comprises identifying a voltage level drop at one of the plurality of distributed resources located
at a first distance from the distribution grid and a corresponding voltage rise at one or more of the plurality of distributed
resources located at a second distance from the distribution grid, wherein the second distance is greater than the first distance.

US Pat. No. 9,309,432

POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL BASED OLIGOMERS FOR COATING NANOPARTICLES, NANOPARTICLES COATED THEREWITH, AND RELATED METHODS

The Florida State Univers...

1. A composition comprising repeating polyacrylic acid monomer units covalently bound together in an aliphatic chain having
a plurality of carboxylic acid functional groups and modified carboxylic acid functional groups extending therefrom, wherein
a first portion of the modified carboxylic acid functional groups are modified by a PEG oligomer having a terminal methoxy
functional group and a second portion of the modified carboxylic acid functional groups are modified by a PEG oligomer having
at least one terminal catechol group.

US Pat. No. 9,459,308

SYSTEM FOR LOCATING A FAULT IN A POWER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM COMPRISING AT LEAST ONE DISTRIBUTED RESOURCE HAVING A CONTROLLABLE VOLTAGE SOURCE CONVERTER

The Florida State Univers...

1. A system for locating a fault in a power distribution system, the system comprising:
a power distribution system comprising one or more feeders and a distribution grid;
a plurality of distributed resources located on at least one of the feeders, wherein a distance of each of the plurality of
distributed resources relative to the distribution grid is known and one or more of the plurality of distributed resources
comprising a controllable voltage source converter to generate a current and to inject, in response to a fault located at
one of the plurality of distributed resources on the at least one feeder, a current into the power distribution system when
the one or more of the plurality of distributed resources is not located at the fault on the at least one feeder;

a voltage profile generator to measure, at each of the one or more distributed resources not located at the fault on the at
least one feeder, a voltage resulting from the current injected into the power distribution system by each of the one or more
distributed resources not located at the fault on the at least one feeder and to generate a voltage profile from the voltage
measurements, wherein the voltage profile comprises the voltage level of each of the plurality of distributed resources relative
to the distance of each of the plurality of distributed resources from the distribution grid of the power distribution system;
and

an analyzer to identify a voltage level drop at one of the plurality of distributed resources located at a first distance
from the distribution grid and a corresponding voltage rise at one or more of the plurality of distributed resources located
at a second distance from the distribution grid, wherein the second distance is greater than the first distance to identify
the location of the fault in the power distribution system.

US Pat. No. 9,438,419

PROBABILISTIC PASSWORD CRACKING SYSTEM

The Florida State Univers...

20. One or more tangible non-transitory computer-readable media having computer-executable instructions for performing a method
of running a software program on a computing device, the computing device operating under an operating system, the method
including issuing instructions from the software program for a computer processor to generate a probabilistic password cracking
system for cracking a targeted password for a secured user account associated with a user, the instructions comprising:
receiving a plurality of known password strings, said plurality of known password strings formed of at least one category
selected from the group consisting of alpha strings, digits, and special characters;

deriving one or more base structures from said plurality of known password strings, whereby one base structure may include
more than one password string from said plurality of known password strings;

automatically incorporating a keyboard pattern into said one or more base structures, said keyboard pattern contained within
at least one password string of said plurality of known password strings, said keyboard pattern being a sequence of contiguous
characters starting from a particular key without regards to actual characters typed but uses a physical sequence shape of
the actual characters;

automatically assigning a set of probability values to each base structure of said one or more base structures based on a
probability value of each alpha string, each digit, each special character, or each keyboard pattern in said each base structure;

creating a probabilistic context free grammar based on said set of probability values assigned to said each base structure,
wherein when a known password string of said plurality of known password strings includes only contiguous alpha characters,
only contiguous digits, or only contiguous special symbols, said known password string is classified as an alpha string structure,
a digit structure, or a special symbol structure and not as a keyboard pattern structure,

said step of creating said probabilistic context free grammar further including deriving substructures from said alpha strings;
detecting relevant patterns from said plurality of known password strings, wherein said relevant patterns include an A-word,
an R-word, an R-pattern, an M-word, and an A-pattern;

classifying a relevant pattern as said A-word by checking the presence of said each alpha string in said plurality of known
password strings;

classifying a relevant pattern as said R-word or said R-pattern by checking a repetition of said each alpha string in said
plurality of known password strings, followed by checking the presence of the pattern of said each alpha string in said plurality
of known password strings;

classifying a relevant pattern as said M-word only if said relevant pattern is not classified as said A-word, said R-word,
or said R-pattern, said step of classifying a relevant pattern as said M-word performed by detecting a lengthy substring that
is a word in said plurality of known password strings and identifying said lengthy substring as a first component within said
relevant pattern by starting at a rightmost character of said targeted password and recursively calling said M-word classification
on the remaining substring of said lengthy substring;

classifying a relevant pattern as said A-pattern if said relevant pattern is not classified as said M-word;
automatically deriving word-mangling rules based on said detected relevant patterns, said word-mangling rules derived further
based on said targeted password having an association with a targeted group, said targeted group based on at least one criterion
selected from the group consisting of language, age, affiliation, and password creation policies;

incorporating said relevant patterns into said probabilistic context-free grammar;
utilizing probability smoothing to assign additional probability values to other keyboard patterns for other password strings
not found in said plurality of password strings, wherein said step of utilizing probability smoothing is achieved by an equation


where Prob(s) is the probability of a keyboard shape s given the length of the keyboard pattern, Ni is the number of times
an ith keyboard pattern of a shape s was found, ? is a smoothing value, ?Ni is a sum of counts of the keyboard patterns found for the shape s, and C is a total number of unique patterns for the shape
s;

receiving one or more input dictionaries containing a plurality of sequences of alpha characters;
optimizing a primary dictionary of said one or more input dictionaries based on size and content of said primary dictionary;
assigning an additional probability value to said primary dictionary, wherein an effectiveness of said primary dictionary
is measured by coverage and precision of said primary dictionary cracking said targeted password,

said one or more input dictionaries further including a secondary dictionary for cracking said targeted password;
generating password guess strings in decreasing estimated probability via said probabilistic context-free grammar by utilizing
said plurality of sequences of alpha characters;

accessing a login interface to the secured user account; and
applying said password guess strings from said computer processor sequentially to said login interface, whereby authentication
of the user can be achieved.

US Pat. No. 9,411,006

METHOD OF LOCATING A FAULT IN A POWER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM COMPRISING AT LEAST ONE MICROTURBINE DISTRIBUTED RESOURCE

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method of identifying the location of a fault in a power distribution system the method comprising:
in response to a fault located at one of a plurality of distributed resources on one or more feeders of a power distribution
system comprising a distribution grid, wherein at least one of the distributed resources is a microturbine, and wherein a
distance of each of the plurality of distributed resources relative to the distribution grid is known, generating a current
by a controllable voltage source converter of one or more distributed resources not located at the fault and injecting the
current into the power distribution system;

measuring a voltage level at each of the plurality of distributed resources resulting from the current injected into the power
distribution system by each of the one or more distributed resources not located at the fault on the feeder;

generating a voltage profile from the voltage measurements at each of the one or more distributed resources, wherein the voltage
profile comprises the voltage level at each of the plurality of distributed resources relative to the distance of each of
the plurality of distributed resources from the distribution grid of the power distribution system; and

analyzing the voltage profile to identify the location of the fault in the power distribution system, wherein analyzing the
voltage profile further comprises identifying a voltage level drop at one of the plurality of distributed resources located
at a first distance from the distribution grid and a corresponding voltage rise at one or more of the plurality of distributed
resources located at a second distance from the distribution grid, wherein the second distance is greater than the first distance.

US Pat. No. 9,249,990

MULTIPLE PARABOLIC TROUGH SOLAR COLLECTOR HAVING A FOCUS-TRACKING PIPE ARRAY

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method for collecting energy from the sun, comprising:
a. providing a plurality of parallel parabolic trough reflectors, each of said trough reflectors including a plane of symmetry
and a focal axis lying on said plane of symmetry;

b. wherein each of said trough reflectors creates a focal zone parallel to said focal axis of said trough reflector, with
a displacement of said focal zone from said focal axis being dependent upon an angle of incidence of sunlight striking said
trough reflector;

c. providing a receiver pipe for each of said parabolic trough reflectors, each of said receiver pipes running parallel to
said focal axis of said trough reflector and being displaced from said focal axis in a direction that is perpendicular to
said plane of symmetry of said trough reflector by a receiver pipe displacement distance;

d. moving said receiver pipes in a strictly linear motion that is perpendicular to said planes of symmetry of said troughs
in order to change said receiver pipe displacement distance so that each of said receiver pipes lies within one of said focal
zones as said sun transits the sky and said focal zones move;

e. moving a working fluid through each of said receiver pipes in order to transfer heat to said working fluid and thereby
collect said energy from said sun; and

f. attaching all of said receiver pipes to a movable frame so that moving said movable frame simultaneously changes said receiver
pipe displacement distance for every receiver pipe.

US Pat. No. 9,621,073

1MHZ SCALABLE CASCADED Z-SOURCE INVERTER USING GALLIUM NITRIDE (GAN) DEVICE

The Florida State Univers...

1. A Z-source inverter network comprising:
a plurality of cascaded Z-source inverter modules, each of the plurality of cascaded Z-source inverter modules comprising;
an energy source having a nominal DC voltage;
a Z-source network coupled to the energy source;
an H-bridge inverter coupled to the Z-source network;
an input diode or a synchronous rectifier coupled to be between the energy source and the Z-source network;
a control system coupled to each of the plurality of cascaded Z-source inverter modules, the control system comprising;
a maximum power point tracking (MPPT) control block to receive a voltage signal and a current signal from the energy source
of each of the plurality of cascaded Z-source inverter modules and the MPPT control block to generate an output voltage reference
for the energy source of each of the plurality of cascaded Z-source inverter modules;

an energy source voltage control block to receive the output voltage reference for the energy source of each of the plurality
of cascaded Z-source inverter modules from the MPPT control block and the energy source voltage control block to generate
a voltage control signal for each of the plurality of cascaded Z-source inverter modules, wherein the voltage control signal
is used to control the shoot through duty ratio of each of the plurality of cascaded Z-source inverter modules to achieve
voltage boost at each of the plurality of cascaded Z-source inverter modules;

a system control to generate and distribute a voltage modulation signal for each of the plurality of cascaded Z-source inverter
modules; and

a PWM signal generation block to receive the distributed voltage modulation signal for each of the plurality of cascaded Z-source
inverter modules from the system control and the voltage control signal for each of the plurality of cascaded Z-source inverter
modules from the energy source control block and to generate a final PWM signal with active state, traditional state and shoot-through
state for each of the plurality of cascaded Z-source inverter modules.

US Pat. No. 9,612,292

METHOD FOR SMALL-SIGNAL STABILITY ASSESSMENT OF POWER SYSTEMS USING SOURCE SIDE AND LOAD SIDE PERTURBATIONS AND UNIT CIRCLE CRITERION

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method for real-time analysis of small-signal stability of a power system, the method comprising:
providing non-transitory computer readable media having computer-executable instructions for performing a method of running
a software program on a computing device, the computing device operating under an operating system, the method including issuing
instructions from the software program comprising;

observing the power system in a real-time operational mode, the power system comprising a source side and a load side from
a perspective of the power electronic-base component;

perturbing the source side of the power electronic-based component by injecting a current of about 0.5 to about 1 percent
of a nominal current of the power system at the source side, and perturbing the load side of the power electronic-based component
by varying a voltage of the power system, wherein perturbing the source side of the power electronic-based component and perturbing
the load side of the power electronic-based component occurs simultaneously and independently;

measuring currents and voltages at the source side and at the load side;
determining a phase of the power system using single-phase Phase Lock Loop;
transforming the measured source side current and voltage and the measured load side current and voltage to a d-q reference
frame using the determined phase of the power system;

transferring time-domain source side current and voltage values and time-domain load side current and voltage values to frequency-domain
current and voltage values using Fourier transforms;

calculating a frequency-domain return-ratio matrix in the d-q reference frame using the frequency-domain source side current
and voltage values and the frequency-domain load side current and voltage values;

plotting a Nyquist contour of a d-d component of the frequency-domain return-ratio matrix; and
evaluating small-signal stability of the power system using unit circle criterion.

US Pat. No. 9,316,701

REAL-TIME SMALL-SIGNAL STABILITY ASSESSMENT OF POWER ELECTRONIC-BASED COMPONENTS IN CONTEMPORARY POWER SYSTEMS

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method comprising:
providing non-transitory computer readable media as executed by a system controller comprising a specialized chip to perform
a method for real-time analysis of small-signal stability of a power system comprising at least one power electronic-based
component, the method comprising:

observing the power system in a real-time operational mode, the power system comprising a source side and a load side from
a perspective of the power electronic-based component;

perturbing the source side of the power electronic-based component by injecting a current of about 0.5 to about 1 percent
of a nominal current of the power system at the source side, and perturbing the load side of the power electronic-based component
by varying a voltage of the power system;

measuring currents and voltages at the source side and at the load side;
determining a phase of the power system using single-phase Phase Lock Loop;
transforming the measured source side current and voltage and the measured load side current and voltage to a d-q reference
frame using the determined phase of the power system;

transferring time-domain source side current and voltage values and time-domain load side current and voltage values to frequency-domain
current and voltage values using Fourier transforms;

calculating a frequency-domain return-ratio matrix in the d-q reference frame using the frequency-domain source side current
and voltage values and the frequency-domain load side current and voltage values;

plotting a Nyquist contour of a d-d component using the frequency-domain return-ratio matrix; and
evaluating small-signal stability of the power system using stability criteria.
US Pat. No. 9,206,100

ROUTE TO SYNTHETIC ANALOGUES OF ROCAGLAMIDE AND AGLAFOLINE USING CASCADE TRANSFORMATIONS INITIATED BY OXY-COPE REARRANGEMENT OF BIS-ALKYNES

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method of preparing a cyclopentenone compound, the method comprising:
contacting an ?,?-diketone with a metal acetylide at a temperature below 0° C. to thereby form a reaction mixture comprising
a bis-alkyne precursor;

wherein the bis-alkyne precursor rearranges into a bis-allenic intermediate, which undergoes further rearrangement into the
cyclopentenone compound as the temperature of the reaction mixture increases from below 0° C. to above 0° C.

US Pat. No. 9,411,005

METHOD OF LOCATING A FAULT IN A POWER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM COMPRISING AT LEAST ONE DC VOLTAGE DISTRIBUTED RESOURCE HAVING A CONTROLLABLE VOLTAGE SOURCE CONVERTER

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method of identifying the location of a fault in a power
distribution system, the method comprising:
in response to a fault located at one of a plurality of distributed resources on one or more feeders of a power distribution
system comprising a distribution grid, wherein each of the one or more feeders comprises a plurality of distributed resources
and wherein a distance of each of the plurality of distributed resources relative to the distribution grid is known, generating
a current to be injected into the power distribution system by a controllable voltage source converter of one or more of the
plurality of distributed resources not located at the fault on the feeder, wherein the one or more of the plurality of distributed
resources not located at the fault on the feeder is a DC voltage distributed resource providing a DC signal and injecting,
by the one or more of the plurality of DC voltage distributed resources not located at the fault on the feeder, the current
into the power distribution system;

measuring a voltage level at each of the plurality of distributed resources resulting from the current injected into the power
distribution system by each of the one or more distributed resources not located at the fault on the feeder;

generating a voltage profile from the voltage measurements at each of the one or more distributed resources, wherein the voltage
profile comprise the voltage level at each of the plurality of distributed resources relative to the distance of each of the
plurality of distributed resources from the distribution grid of the power distribution system; and

analyzing the voltage profile to identify the location of the fault in the power distribution system, wherein analyzing the
voltage profile further comprises identifying a voltage level drop at one of the plurality of distributed resources located
at a first distance from the distribution grid and a corresponding voltage rise at one or more of the plurality of distributed
resources located at a second distance from the distribution grid, wherein the second distance is greater than the first distance.

US Pat. No. 9,500,717

METHOD FOR SMALL-SIGNAL STABILITY ASSESSMENT OF POWER SYSTEMS USING SOURCE SIDE AND LOAD SIDE SERIES VOLTAGE INJECTION PERTURBATIONS

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method comprising:
providing non-transitory computer readable media as executed by a system controller comprising a specialized chip to perform
a method for real-time analysis of small-signal stability of a power system comprising at least one power electronic-based
component, the method comprising:

observing the power system in a real-time operational mode, the power system comprising a source side and a load side from
a perspective of the power electronic-base component;

perturbing the source side of the power electronic-based component by injecting a current of about 0.5 to about 1 percent
of a nominal current of the power system and perturbing the load side of the power electronic-based component by varying a
voltage of the power system using series voltage injection, wherein perturbing the source side of the power electronic-based
component and perturbing the load side of the power electronic-based component occurs simultaneously;

measuring currents and voltages at the source side and at the load side;
determining a phase of the power system using single-phase Phase Lock Loop;
transforming the measured source side current and voltage and the measured load side current and voltage to a d-q reference
frame using the determined phase of the power system;

transferring time-domain source side current and voltage values and time-domain load side current and voltage values to frequency-domain
current and voltage values using Fourier transforms;

calculating a frequency-domain return-ratio matrix in the d-q reference frame using the frequency-domain source side current
and voltage values and the frequency-domain load side current and voltage values;

plotting a Nyquist contour of a component using the frequency-domain return-ratio matrix; and
evaluating small-signal stability of the power system using stability criteria.

US Pat. No. 9,838,104

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR FAST COMPRESSION OF OFDM CHANNEL STATE INFORMATION (CSI) BASED ON CONSTANT FREQUENCY SINUSOIDAL APPROXIMATION

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method for compressing channel state information (CSI) of a wireless channel, the method comprising:
receiving, at a receiver of a wireless communication system, an orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) wireless
signal over a wireless channel comprising one or more antenna pair;

measuring, at a receiver of a wireless communication system, a channel state information (CSI) vector of the wireless channel
from the received OFDM wireless signal for each antenna pair, wherein the CSI vector is an N by 1 vector of complex numbers
and wherein each complex number represents an amplitude and a phase of one of N orthogonal frequency division multiplexing
(OFDM) subcarriers of the wireless channel;

accessing a plurality of configurations stored at the receiver, wherein each of the plurality of configurations “u”, identifies
a set of Pu base sinusoid vectors on constant frequencies and wherein Pu is the order of the configuration and is equal to the number of complex numbers of the compressed CSI if configuration u is
selected;

calculating, for each of the plurality of configurations, a dot product of the N by 1 CSI vector and a conjugate of each Pu base sinusoid vector identified by the selected configuration to generate a Pu by 1 projection vector;

calculating, for each of the plurality of configurations, a product of a constant Pu by Pu matrix stored at the receiver and the Pu by 1 projection vector to generate a Pu by 1 coefficient vector;

calculating, for each of the plurality of configurations, a minimum squared error (MSE) fit with the Pu by 1 coefficient vector on L evenly-spaced locations, where L is smaller than N, by multiplying each of the Pu base sinusoids with the corresponding coefficient in the coefficient vector and taking the summation, at each of the L evenly-spaced
locations;

selecting configuration u and use its Pu by 1 coefficient vector as the compressed CSI, if the total fit residual of the MSE fit of configuration u is below a predetermined
threshold times the minimum fit residual among all configurations, and u is such a configuration with the lowest order;

transmitting the compressed CSI to a transmitter of the wireless communication system;
decompressing the CSI at the transmitter by computing a linear combination of the base sinusoids, using the compressed CSI
as the coefficients of the base sinusoids, and

adjusting the transmission characteristics of one or more wireless signals transmitted by the transmitter based upon the decompressed
CSI.

US Pat. No. 9,623,023

CLASS OF NON-STIMULANT TREATMENT AND ADHD AND RELATED DISORDERS

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method comprising:
administering an effective amount of nor-binaltorphimine (nor-BNI) or a nor-BNI analog in the absence of a stimulant to an
individual having Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), thereby reducing the symptoms of the disorder in the individual.

US Pat. No. 9,575,139

METHOD FOR SMALL-SIGNAL STABILITY ASSESSMENT OF POWER SYSTEMS USING SIMULTANEOUS SOURCE SIDE AND LOAD SIDE PERTURBATIONS

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method comprising:
providing non-transitory computer readable media as executed by a system controller comprising a specialized chip to perform
a method for real-time analysis of small-signal stability of a power system comprising at least one power electronic-based
component, the method comprising:

observing the power system in a real-time operational mode using a Hardware-in-the-Loop (HIL) simulation system, the power
system comprising a source side and a load side from a perspective of the power electronic-based component, wherein the power
electronic-based component is selected from a solid state transformer (SST), a machine drive and an inverter;

perturbing the source side of the power electronic-based component by injecting a current of about 0.5 to about 1 percent
of a nominal current of the power system at the source side, and perturbing the load side of the power electronic-based component
by varying a voltage of the power system, wherein perturbing the power system comprises perturbing the source side and the
load side of the power electronic-based component simultaneously;

measuring a current and a voltage at the source side to generate a measured source side current and a measured source side
voltage;

measuring a current and a voltage at the load side to generate a measured load side current and a measured load side voltage;
determining a phase of the power system using single-phase Phase Lock Loop;
transforming the measured source side current and the measured source side voltage and the measured load side current and
the measured load side voltage to a d-q reference frame using the determined phase of the power system, to generate a transformed
time-domain source side current value and a transformed time-domain source side voltage value and a transformed time-domain
load side current value and a transformed time-domain load side voltage value;

transferring the transformed time-domain source side current value to a frequency-domain source side current value, transferring
the transformed time-domain source side voltage value to a frequency-domain source side voltage value, transferring the transformed
time-domain load side current value to a frequency-domain load side current value and transferring the transformed time-domain
load side voltage value to a frequency-domain load side current voltage value using Fourier transforms;

calculating a frequency-domain return-ratio matrix in the d-q reference frame using the frequency-domain source side current
value and the frequency-domain source side voltage value and the frequency-domain load side current value and the frequency-domain
load side voltage value,

plotting a Nyquist contour of a d-d component using the frequency-domain return-ratio matrix;
evaluating small-signal stability of the power system using stability criteria; and
preventing instabilities of the power system based upon the evaluation of small-signal stability of the power system using
stability criteria.

US Pat. No. 9,573,871

STEREO CONTROLLED SYNTHESIS OF (E,Z)-DIENALS VIA TANDEM RH(I) CATALYZED PROPARGYL CLAISEN REARRANGEMENT

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method to synthesize an (E,Z)-dienal compound having structure (V), the method comprising:
contacting a compound having structure (III) with a catalyst comprising Rh(I) to thereby prepare the compound having structure
(V); wherein the compounds having structures (III) and (V) have the following structures:


wherein
R1 is selected from the group consisting of C1-12 alkyl, C2-12 alkenyl, C2-12 alkynyl, C3-12 cycloalkyl, C3-12 cycloalkenyl, C6-24 aryl, C3-18 heteroaryl, amino, and C1-12 alkylamino; and

R2 is selected from the group consisting of C1-12 alkyl, C2-12 alkenyl, C2-12 alkynyl, C3-12 cycloalkyl, C3-12 cycloalkenyl, C6-24 aryl, C3-18 heteroaryl, amino, and C1-12 alkylamino.

US Pat. No. 9,591,240

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR GENERATING A DATASET FOR REAL NOISE REDUCTION EVALUATION

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method for generating a dataset of real noise images, the method comprising:
acquiring a set of images of a scene, the set of images comprising a low-noise reference image, at least one noisy image and
a low-noise clean image of the scene, the low-noise reference image, the at least one noisy image and the low-noise clean
image comprising a plurality of pixel intensities, wherein each of the plurality of pixel intensities comprises a first plurality
of bits;

mapping the first plurality of bits of each of the pixel intensities of the low-noise reference image to a second plurality
of bits using a linear mapping, wherein the second plurality of bits is less than the first plurality of bits;

mapping the first plurality of bits of each of the pixel intensities of the at least one noisy image and the low-noise clean
image to a second plurality of bits using an energy minimization linear mapping to align the at least one noisy image and
the low-noise clean image with the reference image, wherein the second plurality of bits is less than the first plurality
of bits; and

storing the set of scene images mapped to the second plurality of bits in a dataset of real noise images.

US Pat. No. 9,580,560

POLYMER LIGANDS FOR NANOPARTICLES

The Florida State Univers...

1. A composition comprising a polymer comprising a repeat unit (A) and a repeat unit (G), wherein the repeat unit (A) and
the repeat unit (G) have the following structures:

wherein each R is independently —H or —COOH, and
each R1 is independently —H, —NO2, or —OH.

US Pat. No. 9,612,293

METHOD FOR SMALL-SIGNAL STABILITY ASSESSMENT OF POWER SYSTEMS USING SOURCE SIDE AND LOAD SIDE PERTURBATIONS AND GENERALIZED NYQUIST CRITERION

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method for real-time analysis of small-signal stability of a power system, the method comprising:
providing non-transitory computer readable media having computer-executable instructions for performing a method of running
a software program on a computing device, the computing device operating under an operating system, the method including issuing
instructions from the software program comprising;

observing the power system in a real-time operational mode, the power system comprising a source side and a load side from
a perspective of the power electronic-base component;

perturbing the source side of the power electronic-based component by injecting a current of about 0.5 to about 1 percent
of a nominal current of the power system at the source side, and perturbing the load side of the power electronic-based component
by varying a voltage of the power system, wherein perturbing the source side of the power electronic-based component and perturbing
the load side of the power electronic-based component occurs simultaneously and independently;

measuring currents and voltages at the source side and at the load side;
determining a phase of the power system using single-phase Phase Lock Loop;
transforming the measured source side current and voltage and the measured load side current and voltage to a d-q reference
frame using the determined phase of the power system;

transferring time-domain source side current and voltage values and time-domain load side current and voltage values to frequency-domain
current and voltage values using Fourier transforms;

calculating a frequency-domain return-ratio matrix in the d-q reference frame using the frequency-domain source side current
and voltage values and the frequency-domain load side current and voltage values;

plotting a Nyquist contour of a d-d component of the frequency-domain return-ratio matrix; and
evaluating small-signal stability of the power system using General Nyquist Criterion.

US Pat. No. 9,818,507

SHRINK TUBE INSULATION APPARATUS

The Florida State Univers...

1. An apparatus for insulating material, comprising:
a material spool encircled by material, wherein the material has a predetermined cross-sectional area;
tubular insulation;
a guide channel adapted to receive the tubular insulation, wherein the tubular insulation has a cross-sectional area greater
than the cross-sectional area of the material;

a friction holder adapted to mate with the guide channel while in frictional communication with the tubular insulation;
the guide channel and material oriented such that the material and the tubular insulation are generally aligned about their
respective longitudinal axes;

a string having a first end and a second end along with a cross-sectional area smaller than the cross-sectional area of the
tubular insulation; and

an empty spool adapted to pull material from the material spool through the tubular insulation when the first end of the string
is attached to the material, the second end of the string is attached to the empty spool, and the length of the string is
threaded through the tubular insulation.

US Pat. No. 9,717,217

SMALL ANIMAL RESTRAINING HARNESS OR JACKET

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method of harnessing or protecting a small animal during an experimental procedure on said small animal, comprising:
providing a restraining jacket, said restraining jacket including a shoulder region configured to wrap around a shoulder or
torso area of said animal, and at least one elongate collar extension coupled to said shoulder region, said at least one collar
extension configured to wrap or be secured around a collar or neck area of said animal;

positioning said restraining jacket in an open position on a ventral side of said animal;
wrapping said shoulder region of said restraining jacket around said shoulder or torso area of said animal;
securing said shoulder region of said restraining jacket around said shoulder or torso area of said animal;
wrapping said at least one collar extension of said restraining jacket around said collar or neck area of said animal;
securing said at least one collar extension of said restraining jacket around said collar or neck area of said animal,
wherein an open dorsal gap is formed between said shoulder region and said at least one collar extension on a dorsal side
of said animal when said restraining jacket is secured around said animal, such that said animal engages in normal behavior
but is prohibited from escaping from said restraining jacket.

US Pat. No. 9,831,800

SELF-BALANCED MODULATION AND MAGNETIC REBALANCING METHOD FOR PARALLEL MULTILEVEL INVERTERS

The Florida State Univers...

1. A parallel multi-level inverter modulator, the modulator comprising:
a multi-channel comparator to generate a multiplexed digitized ideal waveform for a parallel multi-level inverter; and
a finite state machine (FSM) module coupled to the parallel multi-channel comparator, the FSM module to receive the multiplexed
digitized ideal waveform and to generate a pulse width modulated gate-drive signal for each switching device of the parallel
multi-level inverter.

US Pat. No. 9,777,405

ARTICLE COMPRISING A SEMICONDUCTING MATERIAL

The Florida State Univers...

10. An oxychalcogenide composition, comprising:
a tetragonal crystal of repeating units of RX and RO;
wherein R is an alkaline earth metal cation, X is an anionic chalcogen, and O is oxygen;
where the anionic chalcogen is sulfur, selenium, or telluride;
where the alkaline earth metal cation is beryllium, magnesium, calcium, strontium, barium, radium, or mixtures thereof;
where the alkaline earth metal cation of RO is integrated into a crystalline structure with the unit of RX; and
wherein the R:X molar ratio is about 2:1.

US Pat. No. 9,748,863

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR LEAKAGE CURRENT SUPPRESSION IN A LOW SWITCHING FREQUENCY PHOTOVOLTAIC CASCADED MULTILEVEL INVERTER

The Florida State Univers...

1. A system for leakage current suppression in a photovoltaic cascaded multilevel inverter, the system comprising:
a photovoltaic cascaded inverter, the photovoltaic cascaded inverter comprising a plurality of cascaded inverter modules,
each of the plurality of cascaded inverter modules comprising a DC-side and an AC-side, wherein the DC-side of each of the
plurality of cascaded inverter modules is coupled to one of a plurality of photovoltaic DC voltage sources and the AC-side
of each of the plurality of cascaded inverter modules are coupled in series with each other, and each of the plurality of
cascaded inverter modules further comprising;

a common mode DC-side choke coupled to the DC-side of each cascaded inverter module;
a common mode AC-side choke coupled to the AC-side of each cascaded inverter module;
a first DC-side circulating path capacitor having a first terminal coupled to a positive terminal of a photovoltaic DC voltage
source and a second terminal coupled to a common node of the plurality of cascaded inverter modules;

a second DC-side circulating path capacitor having a first terminal coupled to a negative terminal of the photovoltaic DC
voltage source and a second terminal coupled to a common node of the plurality of cascaded inverter modules;

a first AC-side circulating path capacitor having a first terminal coupled to an first output of the common mode AC-side choke
and a second terminal coupled to the common node of the plurality of cascaded inverter modules; and

a second AC-side circulating path capacitor having a first terminal coupled to a second output of the common mode AC-side
choke and a second terminal coupled to the common node of the plurality of cascaded inverter modules.

US Pat. No. 9,739,572

STRUCTURALLY REINFORCED OPTICALLY TRANSPARENT BULLETPROOF PANEL

The Florida State Univers...

1. A bulletproof panel, comprising:
a plurality of reinforcement members in a parallel alignment, each reinforcement member having a top surface, a bottom surface,
a leading edge, and a trailing edge;

reflective layers disposed on the top and the bottom surfaces of the reinforcement members; and
a plurality of optical lenses disposed between adjacent reinforcement members, the plurality of optical lenses configured
to direct light rays in a predetermined direction at a predetermined angle;

wherein the light rays pass through the bulletproof panel by propagating from the trailing edge to the leading edge by reflecting
between the top and the bottom surfaces of the adjacent reinforcement members, thereby creating an optical image of an object
located behind the bulletproof panel.

US Pat. No. 9,758,499

STEREO CONTROLLED SYNTHESIS OF (E,Z)-DIENALS VIA TANDEM RH(I) CATALYZED PROPARGYL CLAISEN REARRANGEMENT

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method to synthesize an (E,Z)-dienal compound having structure (V), the method comprising:
contacting a compound having structure (IV) with a catalyst comprising Rh(I) to thereby prepare the compound having structure
(V); wherein the compounds having structures (IV) and (V) have the following structures:


wherein
R1 is selected from the group consisting of C1-12 alkyl, C2-12 alkenyl, C2-12 alkynyl, C3-12 cycloalkyl, C3-12 cycloalkenyl, C6-24 aryl, C3-18 heteroaryl, amino, and C1-12 alkylamino; and

R2 is selected from the group consisting of C1-12 alkyl, C2-12 alkenyl, C2-12 alkynyl, C3-12 cycloalkyl, C3-12 cycloalkenyl, C6-24 aryl, C3-18 heteroaryl, amino, and C1-12 alkylamino.

US Pat. No. 9,790,329

PHOTOLIGATION OF AN AMPHIPHILIC POLYMER WITH MIXED COORDINATION PROVIDES COMPACT AND REACTIVE QUANTUM DOTS

The Florida State Univers...

1. A composition comprising a polymer comprising repeat unit (A?) and repeat unit (B), as represented by the following structures:

US Pat. No. 9,708,728

GROWTH OF METAL OXIDE SINGLE CRYSTALS FROM ALKALINE-EARTH METAL FLUXES

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method of growing single crystals, comprising the steps of:
selecting a metallic element;
selecting an alkaline earth metal in excess of said metallic element, wherein said alkaline earth metal is capable of dissolving
oxygen;

placing said metallic element and said alkaline earth metal in excess of said metallic element into a crucible;
adding an oxygen to said crucible, wherein said oxygen is part of a metal oxide;
placing said metallic element, said alkaline earth metal in excess of said metallic element, and said oxygen under an inert
atmosphere or vacuum in said crucible and sealing said crucible;

placing said crucible in a quartz tube and placing said quartz tube under a vacuum;
sealing said quartz tube;
heating said metallic element and said alkaline earth metal in said crucible to form a homogeneous melt;
generating a metal flux comprising one or more metals, said metal flux having metals in excess of oxygen, a solubility for
oxygen as a minority constituent, and a total concentration of anions of between about 3.5 percent and about 20 percent;

heating said crucible to a growth temperature less than 1000° C.;
slow cooling said metal flux from said growth temperature; and
removing newly formed oxide crystals from said crucible, wherein said oxide crystals are single crystalline or polycrystalline.

US Pat. No. 9,708,351

ALKENES AS ALKYNE EQUIVALENTS IN RADICAL CASCADES TERMINATED BY FRAGMENTATIONS

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method of synthesizing a Sn-functionalized aromatic compound comprising a fused aromatic ring system, the method comprising
contacting a stannane compound and a reactant compound having the following structure (I)-a:

wherein:
each R1 R2, R3, and R4 independently comprises hydrogen, alkenyl, alkynyl, aryl, or any two adjacent R1 R2, R3, and R4 together form a fused aromatic ring system;

X is selected from the group consisting of hydroxyl, alkoxy, amino, and phenyl; and
Ar comprises aryl or heteroaryl, which may be unsubstituted or substituted;
and wherein the Sn-functionalized aromatic compound comprising a fused aromatic ring system has the following structure (IV)-b:

wherein:
each R1 R2, R3, and R4 independently comprises hydrogen, alkenyl, alkynyl, aryl, or any two adjacent R1 R2, R3, and R4 together form a fused aromatic ring system;

Ar comprises aryl or heteroaryl, which may be unsubstituted or substituted; and
each R5 independently comprises alkyl, aryl, or heteroaryl.

US Pat. No. 10,032,256

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR IMAGE PROCESSING USING AUTOMATICALLY ESTIMATED TUNING PARAMETERS

The Florida State Univers...

1. An image processing method, the method comprising:dividing each training image of a dataset of training images into a plurality of training images patches;
applying an image processing algorithm, over a range of possible tuning parameters, to each of the plurality of training image patches to generate a plurality of performance curves;
constructing a loss function based upon the plurality of performance curves;
training a convolutional neural network (CNN) to optimize the loss function to establish a trained convolutional neural network;
predicting a specific tuning parameter for an image of interest using the trained convolutional neural network; and
performing image processing of the image of interest using the specific tuning parameter and the image processing algorithm to generate a processed image of interest.

US Pat. No. 10,116,159

FAMILY OF ISOLATED BATTERY ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM (BESS) WITH MULTIPLE FUNCTIONS FOR DC GRID APPLICATION

The Florida State Univers...

1. A battery energy storage system (BESS) for direct current (DC) grid applications, the BESS comprising:an alternating current (AC) transformer having a primary side and a secondary side;
at least one primary side arm coupled to the primary side of the AC transformer, the at least one primary side arm comprising a plurality of cascade connected voltage source converter sub-modules and each of the plurality of cascade connected voltage source converter sub-modules comprising one or more direct current (DC) energy storage units, each of the plurality of cascade connected voltage source converter sub-modules for converting a direct current (DC) voltage of the one or more DC energy storage units to an AC voltage and the at least one primary side arm for providing a sum of the AC voltages from each of the plurality of cascade connected voltage source converter sub-modules to the primary side of the AC transformer; and
at least one secondary side arm coupled between the secondary side of the AC transformer and a DC grid voltage bus, the at least one secondary side arm comprising a plurality of cascade connected voltage source converter sub-modules, wherein the at least one second side arm converts an AC voltage at the secondary side of the AC transformer to a DC voltage on the DC grid voltage bus.

US Pat. No. 9,951,020

METHODS OF MAKING 2-HALONICOTINONITRILES

Virginia Commonwealth Uni...

1. A method of making a 2-halonicotinonitrile, the method comprising:(a) reacting an alkylidene nitrile having the formula
with a C1-compound in an organic solvent and sufficient dehydrating agent to substantially retard dimerization of the alkylidene nitrile during the reaction, thereby forming an enamine intermediate; and(b) cyclizing the enamine intermediate with a gaseous halide (X) donor, thereby forming a 2-halonicotinonitrile having the formula
whereini) R1 is methyl, ethyl, phenyl, methoxyphenyl, halogen substituted phenyl or thiophene and R2 is absent or is methyl or phenyl, or
ii) R1 and R2 are atoms in a 5- or 6-membered aliphatic ring or a tetralin bicyclic ring system,
iii) R3 is CN,
iv) the dehydrating agent is an anhydride, and
vi) the C1-compound is dimethylformamide dimethyl acetal.

US Pat. No. 10,025,952

OBFUSCATION OF SENSITIVE HUMAN-PERCEPTUAL OUTPUT

THE FLORIDA STATE UNIVERS...

1. A computer-implemented method for defending against visual observations of sensitive text displayed by an electronic device, comprising executing on a processor the steps of:assigning a sensitive text value to an alias value and storing the sensitive text value and assigned alias value in a digital alias repository;
responsive to a first user inputting text to be visually displayed on a first user's electronic device following a visual display refresh event:
intercepting the inputted text intended for visual display prior to being displayed on the first user's electronic device;
scanning the intercepted text for any sensitive text values that match those stored in the digital alias repository;
replacing each identified sensitive text value detected in the intercepted text with the assigned alias value stored in the digital alias repository; and
displaying the assigned alias values that replaced the identified sensitive text values on the first user's electronic device.
US Pat. No. 9,925,159

D-SERINE TREATMENT FOR NEUROLOGICAL DISORDERS THAT CAUSE SEIZURES

The Florida State Univers...

1. A composition for treating a neurological disorder that causes seizures, the composition comprising a pharmaceutical dosage form having a seizure reducing effective amount of D-serine and at least one pharmaceutically acceptable carrier for aiding delivery of D-serine to a patient's brain, the pharmaceutical dosage form being adapted for selectively contacting a region of the patient's brain with the composition in such a way that the concentration of the composition in the region of the patient's brain is higher than the concentration of the composition outside the region of the patient's brain, the region of the patient's brain being pre-identified as having cells expressing GluN3 subunit-containing triheteromeric NMDARs.

US Pat. No. 9,989,078

SWIRLING JET ACTUATOR FOR CONTROL OF SEPARATED AND MIXING FLOWS

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method of controlling a fluid flow, comprising the steps of:inputting a momentum flow into the fluid flow;
inputting a swirling flow into the fluid flow; and
varying the inputting of the swirling flow and the inputting of the momentum flow independently of one another.
US Pat. No. 9,977,026

DETECTION OF ELEVATED LEVELS OF PHOSPHORYLATED MCM AND METHOD OF INCREASING MCM PHOSPHORYLATION CAPACITY

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method of detecting elevated levels of phosphorylated minichromosome maintenance protein complex (Mcm) in a patient, comprising:obtaining a sample from a human patient; and
modulating Dbf4-Cdc7 kinase (DDK) to facilitate phosphorylation of said Mcm, said modulation is performed by using Treslin to stimulate phosphorylation of said Mcm by said DDK;
detecting whether said phosphorylated Mcm is elevated in said sample relative to normal levels, by contacting said sample with an anti-Mcm antibody and detecting binding between said phosphorylated Mcm and said antibody.

US Pat. No. 9,958,362

MICROSCOPE SAMPLE PREPARATION DEVICE

The Florida State Univers...

11. A method for preparing microscope samples, comprising:inserting a microscope grid within a support barrier perimeter established by plurality of support barriers disposed within a grid chamber in a bottom platform;
temporarily securing a top platform overtop the bottom platform;
delivering a first fluid into an inlet aperture, wherein the inlet aperture is in fluid communication with grid chamber;
propelling the first fluid through the grid chamber and out through an outlet aperture in fluid communication with the grid chamber;
delivering a second fluid into the inlet aperture and propelling the second fluid through the grid chamber and out through the outlet aperture; and
drying the microscope grid through insertion of a gas into the inlet.

US Pat. No. 9,966,167

SUPERCONDUCTING JOINT FOR HIGH-TEMPERATURE SUPERCONDUCTING BI2SR2CACU2O8+X (BI-2212) WIRE

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method for establishing a high-temperature superconducting (HTS) joint, the method comprising:securing a first end of a first Bi-2212 conductor segment adjacent to a first end of a second Bi-2212 conductor segment, wherein each of the Bi-2212 conductor segments comprises an exterior sheath surrounding at least a portion of an interior filament bundle of Bi-2212 material;
surrounding the first end of the first Bi-2212 conductor segment and the first end of the second Bi-2212 conductor segment with joint forming material that is chemically compatible with the Bi-2212 material of the interior filament bundle; and
subjecting the first Bi-2212 conductor segment and the second Bi-2212 conductor segment to a superconducting heat treatment effective to establish the superconducting properties of the first Bi-2212 conductor segment and the second Bi-2212 conductor segment and to substantially simultaneously create a superconducting joint at the location of the joint forming material surrounding the first end of the first Bi-2212 conductor segment and the first end of the second Bi-2212 conductor segment.

US Pat. No. 9,893,633

MODULAR MULTILEVEL DC-DC CONVERTER AND ASSOCIATED METHOD OF USE

The Florida State Univers...

1. A current-fed modular multi-level dual active-bridge (CF-MDAB) DC-DC converter comprising:
a transformer comprising a primary winding and a secondary winding;
an input stage having DC terminals coupled to a DC grid and AC terminals coupled to the primary winding of the transformer,
wherein the input stage includes a plurality of primary phase units coupled in parallel, wherein each primary phase unit comprises
at least one active primary switching arm having a plurality of cascaded cells and at least one center-taped DC inductor,
and wherein each of the plurality of cascaded cells comprises a plurality of switching devices and at least one capacitor
coupled across the DC terminals of the cascaded cells;

an output stage having DC terminals coupled to a DC grid and AC terminals coupled to the secondary winding of the transformer,
wherein the output stage includes a plurality of secondary phase units coupled in parallel, wherein each secondary phase unit
comprises a plurality of secondary switching arms having a plurality of cascaded cells and at least one center-taped DC inductor,
and wherein each of the plurality of cascaded cells comprises a plurality of switching devices and at least one capacitor
coupled across the DC terminals of the cascaded cells; and

a control system coupled to each of the plurality of switching devices of the input stage and the output stage; the control
system including both hardware and software components interconnected to control the input stage and the output stage to control
the plurality of switching devices in a soft-switched manner to convert DC voltages to multi-level AC voltages at selected
frequencies, to operate the switching devices in a normal CF-MDAB operation mode by providing duty cycle regulation in a DC
loop and by providing a phase shift regulation between the multi-level AC voltages at the primary winding and the secondary
winding of the transformer in an AC loop and to realize DC fault ride-through operation under a DC grid fault.

US Pat. No. 10,167,196

METHOD OF CONVERSION OF RED PHOSPHOROUS TO SOLUBLE POLYPHOSPHIDES

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method for producing polyphosphide anions soluble in organic solvents, comprising:providing red phosphorus or a composition of black phosphorus and red phosphorus;
providing an alkali metal alkoxy compound or alkali metal alkyl thiolate compound suspended in an organic solvent;
wherein the alkali metal is sodium or potassium;
allowing the red phosphorus and alkali metal or alkali metal compound to react, wherein the reaction uses reflux or an in-line packed column method;
where the in-line packed column method comprises:
providing a packing column;
loading the packing column with the red phosphorus or composition of black phosphorus and red phosphorus in an inert environment;
purging the packing column with an inert gas;
setting a pressure regulator on the packing column to at least 1 bar;
heating the packing column to a preselected temperature, where the preselected temperature is at least the boiling point of the alkali metal alkoxy compound or alkali metal alkyl thiolate;
suspending the alkali metal alkoxy compound or alkali metal alkyl thiolate compound in the organic solvent;
flowing the organic solvent through the packing column;
flowing the alkali metal alkoxy compound or alkali metal alkyl thiolate compound in the organic solvent through the packing column; and
forming a compound containing the alkali metal and polyphosphide anions.

US Pat. No. 10,186,392

ULTRAFAST ELECTROMECHANICAL DISCONNECT SWITCH

The Florida State Univers...

1. An electrical transfer or disconnect switch, comprising:a first electrical feedthrough disposed through an insulating medium, said first electrical feedthrough connected to a first non-movable electrical contact;
a second electrical feedthrough disposed through an insulating medium, said second electrical feedthrough connected to a second non-movable electrical contact;
a third non-movable electrical contact coupled to said insulating medium and positioned between said first non-movable electrical contact and said second non-movable electrical contact, such that a first static gap is disposed between said first non-movable contact and said third non-movable contact and such that a second static gap is disposed between said second non-movable contact and said third non-movable contact;
a first actuator aligned with said first static gap but positioned at a spaced distance away from said first non-movable contact, said third non-movable contact, and said first static gap;
a second actuator aligned with said second static gap but positioned at a spaced distance away from said second non-movable contact, said third non-movable contact, and said second static gap;
a first movable contact directly or indirectly coupled to said first actuator and aligned with said first static gap, such that a first variable gap is formed between said first movable contact and said first and third non-movable contacts,
wherein when said first actuator is prompted, said first movable contact reduces said first variable gap until said first movable contact is contacting said first and third non-movable contacts simultaneously to complete a first series from said first non-movable contact to said third non-movable contact,
said first actuator also generating contact pressure between said first movable contact and said first and third non-movable contacts; and
a second movable contact directly or indirectly coupled to said second actuator and aligned with said second static gap, such that a second variable gap is formed between said second movable contact and said second and third non-movable contacts,
wherein when said second actuator is prompted, said second movable contact reduces said second variable gap until said second movable contact is contacting said second and third non-movable contacts simultaneously to complete a second series from said third non-movable contact to said second non-movable contact,
said second actuator also generating contact pressure between said second movable contact and said second and third non-movable contacts,
wherein when said first movable contact is contacting said first and third non-movable contacts and when said second movable contact is contacting said first and second non-movable contacts, an electrical circuit is closed within said electrical transfer or disconnect switch, such that a current flows along a path of travel within said electrical transfer or disconnect switch across said first non-movable contact, said first movable contact, said third non-movable contact, said second movable contact, and said second non-movable contact.

US Pat. No. 10,040,874

MULTIFUNCTIONAL AND MULTICOORDINATING AMPHIPHILIC POLYMER LIGANDS FOR INTERFACING SEMICONDUCTING, MAGNETIC, AND METALLIC NANOCRYSTALS WITH BIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS

The Florida State Univers...

1. A composition comprising a polymer comprising a repeat unit (F) as represented by the following structure:
wherein the polymer further comprises a repeat unit selected from the group consisting of a repeat unit (A?), a repeat unit (A?), a repeat unit (B), and any combination thereof, as represented by the following structures:

further wherein the polymer further comprises a repeat unit selected from the group consisting of a repeat unit (G), a repeat unit (H), and a combination thereof, as represented by the following structures:

US Pat. No. 9,919,280

METHOD OF FORMING POLYELECTROLYTE COMPLEX CAPSULES

The Florida State Univers...

21. A method of forming a capsule, the method comprising:
spraying a coacervate comprising a positively charged polyelectrolyte and a negatively charged polyelectrolyte into a liquid
receiving bath, wherein upon impacting the liquid receiving bath, the positively charged polyelectrolyte and a negatively
charged polyelectrolyte coalesce into a capsule comprising a wall, and further wherein the capsule wall comprises an interpenetrating
complex of the positively charged polyelectrolyte and the negatively polyelectrolyte.

US Pat. No. 9,916,927

THIN INSULATION COATINGS BY SOL-GEL METHOD

The Florida State Univers...

1. A coating for a metallic tape or wire, comprising:
a material having a uniform thickness surrounding the metallic tape or wire,
wherein the material comprises:
one part by weight alkyl silicate binding material;
two parts by weight anhydrous ethyl alcohol; and
3/10 part by weight aluminum oxide powder.

US Pat. No. 10,273,442

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR CONCOMITANT EJECTION AND SUCTION OF PERFUSATE

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method of identifying a region of interest and of concomitant ejection and suction of a perfusate within the region of interest without spillover of said perfusate to a juxtaposed anatomical region, comprising the steps of:submerging a tissue slice in a recording chamber containing artificial cerebrospinal fluid, the tissue slice having a region of interest and a juxtaposed anatomical region;
disposing an electrode on the tissue slice, such that the region of interest is determined by responses from neurons within the tissue slice;
providing a concomitant ejection and suction device comprising an inflow manifold, an outflow manifold, and a microfluidic application tip formed of an inflow tip of said inflow manifold and an outflow tip of said outflow manifold externally juxtaposed from and in a staggered relationship with each other, wherein said inflow manifold and said outflow manifold are coupled to each other via an elongate rigid support member to permit precise positioning of said microfluidic application tip;
coupling a proximal end of said inflow manifold to a cistern containing said perfusate to be delivered to said region of interest;
coupling a proximal end of said outflow manifold to a reservoir and an outflow control mechanism to control a rate of suction of said perfusate out of said region of interest and into said reservoir;
positioning said microfluidic application tip within said recording chamber and adjacent to said region of interest of said tissue slice;
discharging said perfusate into said region of interest through said inflow manifold; and
simultaneously suctioning said perfusate from said region of interest through said outflow manifold,
such that said microfluidic application tip both discharges and suctions said perfusate into and out of said region of interest nearly simultaneously while allowing said perfusate to effectuate a reaction within said region of interest, wherein as said inflow manifold discharges said perfusate into said region of interest, said outflow manifold nearly simultaneously suctions said perfusate out of said region of interest so that said perfusate cannot spillover into said juxtaposed anatomical region from said region of interest.

US Pat. No. 10,197,706

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SUB-SEASONAL FORECASTS OF EXTREME WEATHER EVENTS IN WINTER

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method for generating sub-seasonal forecasts of winter snowstorms and cold air outbreaks (CAOs), the method comprising:receiving, by at least one computing device, a plurality of forecasts generated by an operational numerical model for seasonal weather forecasts;
deriving a lead-time series of a set of forecasted indices describing a state of stratospheric mass circulation from the plurality of forecasts generated by an operational numerical model for seasonal weather forecasts;
detecting a timing of occurrence and associated intensity of one or more PULSE events in the lead-time series of the set of forecasted indices describing the state of stratospheric mass circulation to determine a model forecasted state of the stratospheric mass circulation during the detected PULSE events;
correcting a model forecast bias of the model forecasted state of the stratospheric mass circulation during the detected PULSE events to generate a corrected model forecasted state of the stratospheric mass circulation during the detected PULSE events;
constructing a statistical model linking the corrected model forecasted state of the stratospheric mass circulation during the detected PULSE events to surface temperature and wintery precipitation based on historical observation data; and
generating a sub-seasonal forecast of winter snowstorms and cold air outbreaks (CAOs) by applying the corrected model forecasted state of the stratospheric mass circulation during the detected PULSE events to the statistical model.

US Pat. No. 10,343,911

METHOD OF PRODUCING SOLUBLE POLYPHOSPHIDES FROM RED PHOSPHOROUS USING SOLUTION CHEMISTRY

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method for producing polyphosphide anions soluble in organic solvents, comprising:providing red phosphorus or a composition of black phosphorus and red phosphorus wherein the red phosphorus has a grain size of about 1.4 mm to about 0.7 mm;
providing an alkali metal alkoxy compound or alkali metal alkyl thiolate compound suspended in an organic solvent;
wherein the alkali metal is sodium or potassium;
allowing the red phosphorus and alkali metal or alkali metal compound to react, wherein the reaction uses reflux or an in-line packed column method;
where the in-line packed column method comprises:
providing a packing column;
loading the packing column with the red phosphorus or composition of black phosphorus and red phosphorus in an inert environment;
purging the packing column with an inert gas;
setting a pressure regulator on the packing column to at least 1 bar;
heating the packing column to a preselected temperature, where the preselected temperature is at least the boiling point of the alkali metal alkoxy compound or alkali metal alkyl thiolate wherein the temperature of the packing column or a reaction solution does not exceed the critical temperature of the organic solvent;
suspending the alkali metal alkoxy compound or alkali metal alkyl thiolate compound in the organic solvent;
flowing the organic solvent through the packing column;
flowing the alkali metal alkoxy compound or alkali metal alkyl thiolate compound in the organic solvent through the packing column; and
forming a compound containing the alkali metal and polyphosphide anions;
wherein the reflux is performed for about 15 minutes to about 2 hours.

US Pat. No. 10,343,912

METHOD OF SYNTHESIZING SOLUBLE POLYPHOSPHIDES BY ACTIVATION OF RED PHOSPHOROUS IN ORGANIC SOLVENTS

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method for producing polyphosphide anions soluble in organic solvents, comprising:providing red phosphorus or a composition of black phosphorus and red phosphorus;
providing an alkali metal alkoxy compound or alkali metal alkyl thiolate compound suspended in an organic solvent;
wherein the alkali metal is sodium or potassium;
allowing the red phosphorus and alkali metal or alkali metal compound to react, wherein the reaction uses reflux or an in-line packed column method;
where the in-line packed column method comprises:
providing a stainless steel packing column;
loading the packing column with the red phosphorus or composition of black phosphorus and red phosphorus in an inert environment;
purging the packing column with an inert gas;
setting a pressure regulator on the packing column to at least 1 bar;
heating the packing column to a preselected temperature, where the preselected temperature is at least the boiling point of the alkali metal alkoxy compound or alkali metal alkyl thiolate wherein the temperature of the packing column or a reaction solution does not exceed the critical temperature of the organic solvent;
suspending the alkali metal alkoxy compound or alkali metal alkyl thiolate compound in the organic solvent;
flowing the organic solvent through the packing column;
flowing the alkali metal alkoxy compound or alkali metal alkyl thiolate compound in the organic solvent through the packing column; and
forming a compound containing the alkali metal and polyphosphide anions;
wherein the reflux is performed for about 15 minutes to about 2 hours.

US Pat. No. 10,262,090

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ASSESSING THE REMAINING USEFUL LIFE OF AN INSULATION SYSTEM

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method for simulation of an electrical tree representative of partial discharge events within an insulation system, the method comprising:representing a potential electrical tree within an insulation system, the potential electrical tree comprising a plurality of charged spheres and a plurality of potential tree links between any two of the plurality of charged spheres;
applying a voltage to the insulation system at a tree inception point;
calculating an incremental damage energy across each of the plurality of potential tree links resulting from the application of the voltage to the insulation system;
accumulating the incremental damage energy across each of the plurality of potential tree links;
identifying a potential tree link of the plurality of potential tree links as a failed tree link if the accumulated incremental damage energy exceeds a critical damage energy level; and
adding the failed tree link to the tree inception point to simulate the electrical tree.

US Pat. No. 10,395,805

IRON-BASED SUPERCONDUCTING PERMANENT MAGNET AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURE

The Florida State Univers...

1. A superconducting permanent magnet comprising a superconducting polycrystalline bulk, the superconducting polycrystalline bulk comprising alkali earth metal atoms, iron atoms and one or more pnictogen atoms, wherein a crystalline grain of the superconducting polycrystalline bulk is smaller than about 10 ?m and wherein the magnet is capable of trapping a magnetic field greater than about 1 T at a temperature of less than about 40K.

US Pat. No. 10,253,203

ROUGH POLYELECTROLYTE COMPLEX COATINGS AND METHODS OF FORMING

The Florida State Univers...

1. A process for preparing an article, the process comprising:depositing a polyelectrolyte complex dope on a substrate, wherein the polyelectrolyte complex dope comprises an interpenetrating blend of a positively charged polyelectrolyte and a negatively charged polyelectrolyte, and a salt and has a thickness of at least 10 micrometers and further wherein the polyelectrolyte complex dope has a doping level between 0.70 and 0.999 and a viscosity of greater than 10 cP; and
rinsing the polyelectrolyte complex dope with an aqueous solution to remove the salt to an endpoint doping level of less than 0.5 and thereby form a polyelectrolyte complex coating having a surface roughness of at least 1 micrometer.

US Pat. No. 10,215,769

MULTI-FLUID JET NOZZLE FOR SENSOR CALIBRATION

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method of calibrating a sensor, comprising:selecting a fluid, a calibration parameter, and a sensor adapted to detect the calibration parameter;
fluidically coupling a first source of a first calibration fluid to a first jet-guiding tube in a multi-fluid jet nozzle, wherein the first calibration fluid has a first known value for the calibration parameter and the first jet-guiding tube converges towards a first discharge outlet in the multi-fluid jet nozzle;
fluidically coupling a second source of a second calibration fluid to a second j et-guiding tube in the multi-fluid jet nozzle, wherein the second calibration fluid has a second known value for the calibration parameter and the second jet-guiding tube converges towards the first discharge outlet in the multi-fluid jet nozzle;
positioning the first discharge aperture in the multi-fluid jet nozzle in close proximity to a tip of the sensor with the tip of the sensor in longitudinal alignment with a flow of the first calibration fluid when discharged from the first discharge aperture;
simultaneously discharging the first and second calibration fluids from the first discharge aperture, wherein the first discharge aperture includes a boundary wall extending towards a proximal end of the multi-fluid jet nozzle to maintain separation between the first and second calibration fluids as they are discharged from the first discharge aperture;
after a first predetermined time, rapidly translating the multi-fluid jet nozzle into longitudinal alignment with the second calibration fluid being discharged from the first discharge aperture; and
analyzing data recorded by the sensor and determining a response time for the sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,196,269

MANUFACTURING OF MACROSCOPIC NANOMATERIALS USING FLUID UNDER ELEVATED TEMPERATURE AND PRESSURE

The Florida State Univers...

1. A carbon nanotube structure, comprising:a carbon nanotube buckypaper comprising a plurality of carbon nanotubes, wherein an impurity resulting from the formation of the plurality of carbon nanotubes has been removed from the carbon nanotube buckypaper and the plurality of carbon nanotubes have been substantially oriented by:
contacting the carbon nanotube buckypaper with a mixture of a processing fluid and an oxidizer under elevated temperature and pressure to expose the impurity;
lowering the temperature and pressure to ambient conditions;
contacting the exposed impurity to an acid to remove the impurity; and
subjecting the carbon nanotube buckypaper to a tensile force thereby orienting the plurality of carbon nanotubes primarily in a direction of the tensile force;
wherein the carbon nanotube buckypaper exhibits a modulus of about 111 GPa, a tensile strength of about 1.29 GPa.

US Pat. No. 10,119,286

WAVE PROPAGATION APPARATUS

The Florida State Univers...

1. A wave propagation apparatus, comprising:a container having a length and a width, said container further having a bottom side and a plurality of vertical sidewalls;
a base layer formed of a first liquid, said base layer having contact with said bottom side and said plurality of vertical sidewalls of said container;
an overlying layer formed of a second liquid, said overlying layer having contact with said plurality of vertical sidewalls of said container but not with said bottom side of said container,
wherein said base layer and said overlying layer are not homogenized or admixed within said container, such that said base layer and said overlying layer stably remain in separate distinct layers within said container with said overlying layer being in contact with said base layer and in overlying relation to said base layer;
a pair of central shafts positioned across said width of said container at a spaced distance above said overlying layer;
a driver wheel disposed around one of said pair of central shafts above said overlying layer;
a second wheel disposed around the other of said pair of central shafts above said overlying layer,
wherein said driver wheel and said second wheel are rotatable about said pair of central shafts;
a motor that drives rotation of said driver wheel;
a power source that powers said motor;
a closed belt or chain loop disposed around said driver wheel and said second wheel above said overlying layer, such that said closed belt or chain loop does not contact said overlying layer, said closed belt or chain loop positioned in substantially parallel relation to said length of said container,
wherein said closed belt or chain loop rotates about said driver wheel and said second wheel during rotation of said driver wheel and said second wheel; and
one or more elongate paddles secured to said belt or chain loop and extending outwardly from said belt or chain loop, wherein said one or more elongate paddles contact and travel through said overlying layer during rotation of said closed belt or chain loop, wherein said one or more elongate paddles does not contact said base layer,
said one or more paddles displacing said overlying later during rotation of said belt or chain loop, thus creating a dragging wave in said base layer, due to a surface tension between the base layer and said overlying layer.

US Pat. No. 10,386,305

TRIBOLUMINESCENT OPTICAL FIBER SENSING PATCH

The Florida State Univers...

1. A sensing patch comprising:a substrate having a first side and a second side opposing the first side;
an optical fiber comprising an outer surface, wherein at least a portion of the optical fiber is at least partially embedded within the substrate;
a triboluminescent material provided on at least a portion of the outer surface of the optical fiber;
micro-excitors provided on at least a portion of the outer surface of the optical fiber; and
an encapsulating cover having a first side and a second side opposing the first side, wherein the first side of the encapsulating cover is attached to the second side of the substrate,
wherein the triboluminescent material is configured to provide an optical emission when subjected to an emitting condition, and wherein the optical fiber is configured to receive and transmit at least a portion of the optical emission.

US Pat. No. 10,343,910

METHOD OF CONVERTING RED PHOSPHOROUS TO SOLUBLE POLYPHOSPHIDES USING SOLUTION CHEMISTRY

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method for producing polyphosphide anions soluble in organic solvents, comprising:providing red phosphorus or a composition of black phosphorus and red phosphorus;
providing an alkali metal alkoxy compound or alkali metal alkyl thiolate compound suspended in an organic solvent;
wherein the alkali metal is sodium or potassium;
allowing the red phosphorus and alkali metal or alkali metal compound to react, wherein the reaction uses reflux or an in-line packed column method;
where the in-line packed column method comprises:
providing a packing column;
loading the packing column with the red phosphorus or composition of black phosphorus and red phosphorus in an inert environment;
purging the packing column with an inert gas;
setting a pressure regulator on the packing column to at least 1 bar;
heating the packing column to a preselected temperature, where the preselected temperature is at least the boiling point of the alkali metal alkoxy compound or alkali metal alkyl thiolate;
suspending the alkali metal alkoxy compound or alkali metal alkyl thiolate compound in the organic solvent;
flowing the organic solvent through the packing column;
flowing the alkali metal alkoxy compound or alkali metal alkyl thiolate compound in the organic solvent through the packing column; and
forming a compound containing the alkali metal and polyphosphide anions;
wherein the organic solvent is evaporated off the compound containing the alkali metal and polyphosphide anions;
wherein the reflux is performed for about 15 minutes to about 2 hours.

US Pat. No. 10,294,213

CONTROLLING THE ARCHITECTURE, COORDINATION, AND REACTIVITY OF NANOPARTICLE COATING UTILIZING AN AMINO ACID CENTRAL SCAFFOLD

The Florida State Univers...

1. A Compound 4 having the structure:

US Pat. No. 10,343,913

METHOD OF SYNTHESIZING SOLUBLE POLYPHOSPHIDES BY ACTIVATING RED PHOSPHOROUS WITH ALKALI METAL COMPOUNDS AND ORGANIC SOLVENTS

THE FLORIDA STATE UNIVERS...

1. A method for producing polyphosphide anions soluble in organic solvents, comprising:providing red phosphorus or a composition of black phosphorus and red phosphorus;
providing an alkali metal alkoxy compound or alkali metal alkyl thiolate compound suspended in an organic solvent;
wherein the alkali metal is sodium or potassium;
allowing the red phosphorus and alkali metal or alkali metal compound to react, wherein the reaction uses reflux or an in-line packed column method;
where the in-line packed column method comprises:
providing a stainless steel packing column;
loading the packing column with the red phosphorus or composition of black phosphorus and red phosphorus in an inert environment;
purging the packing column with an inert gas;
setting a pressure regulator on the packing column to about 8 bar;
heating the packing column to at least 80° C.;
suspending the alkali metal alkoxy compound or alkali metal alkyl thiolate compound in the organic solvent;
flowing the organic solvent through the packing column;
flowing the alkali metal alkoxy compound or alkali metal alkyl thiolate compound in the organic solvent through the packing column; and
forming a compound containing the alkali metal and polyphosphide anions.

US Pat. No. 10,343,915

METHOD OF PRODUCING SOLUBLE POLYPHOSPHIDES FROM RED PHOSPHOROUS USING ALKALI METAL COMPOUNDS AND ORGANIC SOLVENTS

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method for producing polyphosphide anions soluble in organic solvents, comprising:providing red phosphorus or a composition of black phosphorus and red phosphorus;
providing an alkali metal alkoxy compound or alkali metal alkyl thiolate compound suspended in a combination of tetrahydrofuran and dimethoxyethane at a volume to volume ratio of 1:1;
wherein the alkali metal is sodium or potassium;
allowing the red phosphorus and alkali metal or alkali metal compound to react, wherein the reaction uses reflux or an in-line packed column method;
where the in-line packed column method comprises:
providing a packing column;
loading the packing column with the red phosphorus or composition of black phosphorus and red phosphorus in an inert environment;
purging the packing column with an inert gas;
setting a pressure regulator on the packing column to at least 1;
heating the packing column to a preselected temperature, where the preselected temperature is at least the boiling point of the alkali metal alkoxy compound or alkali metal alkyl thiolate wherein the temperature of the packing column or a reaction solution does not exceed the critical temperature of the combination of tetrahydrofuran and dimethoxyethane;
suspending the alkali metal alkoxy compound or alkali metal alkyl thiolate compound in the combination of tetrahydrofuran and dimethoxyethane;
flowing the combination of tetrahydrofuran and dimethoxyethane through the packing column;
flowing the alkali metal alkoxy compound or alkali metal alkyl thiolate compound in the combination of tetrahydrofuran and dimethoxyethane through the packing column; and
forming a compound containing the alkali metal and polyphosphide anions;
wherein the reflux is performed for about 15 minutes to about 2 hours.

US Pat. No. 10,503,475

FORENSICALLY REPRODUCIBLE RANDOM NUMBER GENERATOR AND ASSOCIATED METHOD OF USE

The Florida State Univers...

8. A computer processing system, comprising:a processor; and
a memory communicatively coupled to the processor,wherein the memory stores program instructions, that when executed by the processor, cause the processor to perform a method comprising:maintaining an unpredictable random number generator and a parameterized random number generator;
generating a plurality of unpredictable random numbers, wherein each of the plurality of unpredictable random numbers comprises a plurality of bits;
outputting the plurality of unpredictable random numbers to the memory of the computer processing system; and
when a reproducible random number is required for a forensically reproducible simulation executing on the computer processing system, the program instructions that when executed by the processor cause the processor further to perform:
selecting one of the plurality of unpredictable random numbers stored in the memory of the computer processing system;
initializing the parameterized random number generator of the computer processing system using the selected one of the plurality of unpredictable random numbers;
generating, by the parameterized random number generator of the computer processing system, a parameterized random number based upon the selected one of the plurality of unpredictable random numbers; and
configuring the forensically reproducible simulation executing on the computer processing system using the parameterized random number generated by the parameterized random number generator of the computer processing system.

US Pat. No. 10,336,617

METHOD OF SYNTHESIZING SOLUBLE POLYPHOSPHIDES FROM RED PHOSPHOROUS USING SHELF-STABLE REAGENTS AND ORGANIC SOLVENTS

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method for producing polyphosphide anions soluble in organic solvents, comprising:providing red phosphorus or a composition of black phosphorus and red phosphorus;
providing an alkali metal alkoxy compound or alkali metal alkyl thiolate compound suspended in an organic solvent;
wherein the alkali metal is sodium or potassium;
allowing the red phosphorus and alkali metal or alkali metal compound to react, wherein the reaction uses reflux or an in-line packed column method;
where the in-line packed column method comprises:
providing a packing column;
loading the packing column with the red phosphorus or composition of black phosphorus and red phosphorus in an inert environment;
purging the packing column with an inert gas;
setting a pressure regulator on the packing column to at least 1 bar;
heating the packing column to a preselected temperature, where the preselected temperature is at least the boiling point of the alkali metal alkoxy compound or alkali metal alkyl thiolate and wherein the temperature of the packing column or a reaction solution does not exceed the critical temperature of the organic solvent;
suspending the alkali metal alkoxy compound or alkali metal alkyl thiolate compound in the organic solvent;
flowing the organic solvent through the packing column;
flowing the alkali metal alkoxy compound or alkali metal alkyl thiolate compound in the organic solvent through the packing column;
forming a compound containing the alkali metal and polyphosphide anions;
evaporating the organic solvent off the compound containing the alkali metal and polyphosphide anions;
redissolving the compound containing the alkali metal and polyphosphide anions in ethanol;
subjecting the compounds containing alkali metal and polyphosphide anions to a cation exchange with (Bu4N)Cl in ethanol to produce a cation-polyphosphide material;
redissolving the cation-polyphosphide material in acetonitrile to form free polyphosphide anions; and
separating the black phosphorus from the polyphosphide anions;
wherein the reflux is performed for about 15 minutes to about 2 hours.

US Pat. No. 10,332,712

ULTRAFAST ELECTROMECHANICAL DISCONNECT SWITCH HAVING ELLIPTICAL SHELL SURROUNDED ACTUATOR

The Florida State Univers...

1. An electrical transfer or disconnect switch, comprising:a first non-movable electrical contact coupled to an insulating medium;
a second non-movable electrical contact coupled to said insulating medium;
a third non-movable electrical contact coupled to said insulating medium and positioned between said first non-movable electrical contact and said second non-movable electrical contact to provide conduction between said first non-movable electrical contact and said second non-movable electrical contact when electrically in series;
a first static gap disposed between said first non-movable contact and said non-movable contact;
a second static gap disposed between said second non-movable contact and said third non-movable contact;
an actuator having a first mounting plate and a second mounting plate, said first mounting plate aligned with said first static gap but positioned at a spaced distance away from said first non-movable contact, said third non-movable contact, and said first static gap, said second mounting plate aligned with said second static gap but positioned at a spaced distance away from said second non-movable contact, said third non-movable contact, and said second static gap, said first static gap positioned on a substantially opposite side of said insulating medium from said second static gap, and said first and second mounting plates forming an elliptical shell configuration about said actuator, such that said first mounting plate faces a substantially opposite direction from said second mounting plate;
a first movable contact directly or indirectly coupled to said first mounting plate of said actuator and aligned with said first static gap, said first movable contact contacting said first and third non-movable contacts simultaneously to complete a first series between said first and third non-movable contacts, wherein when said actuator is prompted, said first mounting plate shifts away from said first and third non-movable contacts, such that a first variable gap is formed between said first movable contact and said first and third non-movable contacts, thus breaking or disconnecting said first series between said first and third non-movable contacts, said actuator also releasing contact pressure between said first movable contact and said first and third non-movable contacts;
a second movable contact directly or indirectly coupled to said second mounting plate of said actuator and aligned with said second static gap, said second movable contact contacting said second and third non-movable contacts simultaneously to complete a second series between said second and third non-movable contacts, wherein when said actuator is prompted, said second mounting plate shifts away from said second and third non-movable contacts, such that a second variable gap is formed between said second movable contact and said second and third non-movable contacts, thus breaking or disconnecting said second series between said second and third non-movable contacts, said actuator also releasing contact pressure between said second movable contact and said second and third non-movable contacts, wherein when said actuator is idle or unprompted, said first movable contact is contacting said first and third non-movable contacts and when said second movable contact is contacting said first and second non-movable contacts, an electrical circuit is closed within said electrical transfer or disconnect switch, such that a current flows along a path of travel within said electrical transfer or disconnect switch across said first non-movable contact, said first movable contact, said third non-movable contact, said second movable contact, and said second non-movable contact;
one or more precision adjustment screws coupled to said first second, and third non-movable contacts for adjusting said first, second, and third non-movable contacts; and
a switching chamber that encloses at least said insulating medium, said first non-movable contact, said second non-movable contact, said third non-movable contact and said actuator, said switching chamber containing vacuum or pressurized gas.

US Pat. No. 10,626,488

AGE-HARDENING PROCESS FEATURING ANOMALOUS AGING TIME

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method for achieving accelerated age hardening in a metal alloy while minimizing the risk of over-aging, comprising:a. providing a metal alloy containing nickel, molybdenum, chromium, and rhenium;
b. wherein said rhenium comprises 3% to 10% of the total weight of said metal alloy;
c. wherein nickel comprises the majority of said metal alloy by weight;
d. wherein said molybdenum comprises between 20% and 30% of the total weight of said metal alloy;
e. wherein said chromium comprises 5% to 10% of the total weight of said metal alloy; and
f. subjecting said metal alloy to an age hardening process conducted at a temperature in excess of 800K and for a time under 5 minutes that forms long-range-ordered precipitates of the form Ni2Re.

US Pat. No. 10,505,236

SORET EFFECT IN POLYMER-ELECTROLYTE-BASED ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS

THE FLORIDA STATE UNIVERS...

1. A method of generating an electrical potential comprising:providing an electrochemical cell including an anode and a cathode connected to an electrically insulating dry polymer electrolyte layer;
directly thermally contacting a heat source to one of the anode or cathode; and
directly thermally contacting a cooling source to one of the anode or cathode not in contact with the heat source,
where a temperature differential between the anode and cathode generates electrical potential.

US Pat. No. 10,343,914

METHOD OF USING ALKALI METAL COMPOUNDS AND ORGANIC SOLVENTS TO ACTIVATE RED PHOSPHOROUS FOR SYNTHESIZING SOLUBLE POLYPHOSPHIDES

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method for producing polyphosphide anions soluble in organic solvents, comprising:providing red phosphorus or a composition of black phosphorus and red phosphorus;
providing an alkali metal alkoxy compound or alkali metal alkyl thiolate compound suspended in an organic solvent;
wherein the alkali metal is sodium or potassium;
allowing the red phosphorus and alkali metal or alkali metal compound to react, wherein the reaction uses reflux or an in-line packed column method;
where the in-line packed column method comprises:
providing a packing column wherein the packing column has an internal diameter of about 9 mm and a length of about 65 mm;
loading the packing column with the red phosphorus or composition of black phosphorus and red phosphorus in an inert environment;
purging the packing column with an inert gas;
setting a pressure regulator on the packing column to at least 1;
heating the packing column to a preselected temperature, where the preselected temperature is at least the boiling point of the alkali metal alkoxy compound or alkali metal alkyl thiolate;
suspending the alkali metal alkoxy compound or alkali metal alkyl thiolate compound in the organic solvent;
flowing the organic solvent through the packing column;
flowing the alkali metal alkoxy compound or alkali metal alkyl thiolate compound in the organic solvent through the packing column at a rate of about 0.5 mL min?1;
forming a compound containing the alkali metal and polyphosphide anions;
evaporating the organic solvent off the compound containing the alkali metal and polyphosphide anions;
redissolving the compound containing the alkali metal and polyphosphide anions in ethanol;
subjecting the compounds containing alkali metal and polyphosphide anions to a cation exchange with (Bu4N)Cl in ethanol to produce a cation-polyphosphide material; and
redissolving the cation-polyphosphide material in acetonitrile to form free polyphosphide anions;
wherein the free polyphosphide anions are P5?, P162?, P213?, or a combination thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,263,456

INTEGRATED THREE-PORT BIDIRECTIONAL DC-DC CONVERTER FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES

The Florida State Univers...

1. An integrated three-port bidirectional DC-DC converter comprising:a dual active bridge (DAB) converter having a phase-shift angle control;
a bidirectional DC bus port coupled to a high voltage side of the DAB converter;
a bidirectional DC-link port coupled to a low voltage side of the DAB converter;
a bidirectional current source port coupled to the low voltage side of the DAB converter;
a boost converter having a duty cycle control coupled between the bidirectional DC-link port and the bidirectional current source port; and
a power flow controller coupled to the bidirectional current source port, the bidirectional DC-link port and the bidirectional DC bus port, wherein the power flow controller further comprises a state of charge (SOC) controller coupled to the bidirectional DC-link port of the DAB converter and a maximum port point tracking (MPPT) controller coupled to the bidirectional current source port of the DAB converter.

US Pat. No. 10,329,152

METHOD OF SYNTHESIZING SOLUBLE POLYPHOSPHIDES FROM RED PHOSPHOROUS

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method for producing polyphosphide anions soluble in organic solvents, comprising:providing red phosphorus or a composition of black phosphorus and red phosphorus;
providing an alkali metal alkoxy compound or alkali metal alkyl thiolate compound suspended in an organic solvent;
wherein the alkali metal is sodium or potassium;
allowing the red phosphorus and alkali metal or alkali metal compound to react, wherein the reaction uses reflux or an in-line packed column method;
where the in-line packed column method comprises:
providing a packing column;
loading the packing column with the red phosphorus or composition of black phosphorus and red phosphorus in an inert environment;
purging the packing column with an inert gas;
setting a pressure regulator on the packing column to at least 1 bar;
heating the packing column to a preselected temperature, where the preselected temperature is at least the boiling point of the alkali metal alkoxy compound or alkali metal alkyl thiolate and wherein the temperature of the packing column or a reaction solution does not exceed the critical temperature of the organic solvent;
suspending the alkali metal alkoxy compound or alkali metal alkyl thiolate compound in the organic solvent;
flowing the organic solvent through the packing column;
flowing the alkali metal alkoxy compound or alkali metal alkyl thiolate compound in the organic solvent through the packing column;
forming a compound containing the alkali metal and polyphosphide anions;
evaporating the organic solvent off the compound containing the alkali metal and polyphosphide anions;
redissolving the compound containing the alkali metal and polyphosphide anions in ethanol; and
separating the black phosphorus from the polyphosphide anions.

US Pat. No. 10,326,382

MODULATION METHOD FOR DC TO DC CONVERTERS

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method for reducing power fluctuations in a DC to DC converter to reduce component requirements and improve efficiency, the method comprising: providing an isolated modular multilevel DC to DC converter (IM2DC) comprising a high-voltage side (HVS) modular multilevel converter (MMC) that is coupled by a transformer to a low-voltage side (LVS) MMC, wherein each MMC comprises arms, and wherein each arm includes one or more cells that each comprises a capacitor and switches to charge/discharge the capacitor according to gate signals; generating, using a digital controller, gate signals for each cell, wherein the generating comprises comparing a square waveform with a triangular waveform, and wherein the triangular waveform for each cell in an arm has a different phase; and applying the gate signals for each cell to the switches in each cell to produce an arm voltage, wherein the arm voltage has a square wave aspect and a high frequency aspect that reduce power fluctuations in the IM2DC during DC to DC conversion.

US Pat. No. 10,659,036

RADIO-FREQUENCY ISOLATED GATE DRIVER FOR POWER SEMICONDUCTORS

The Florida State Univers...

1. A radio frequency (RF) isolated gate driver, comprisingan RF modulator that receives a control signal from a controller and outputs a carrier frequency that is modulated by the control signal from the controller, wherein the carrier frequency is higher than frequencies corresponding to conducted electromagnetic interference (EMI);
an RF transformer tuned to the carrier frequency and connected at a primary side to the RF modulator, wherein the RF transformer spatially couples energy from the primary side to a secondary side, and wherein the RF transformer filters the frequencies corresponding to conducted EMI, and wherein the RF transformer provides galvanic isolation between the primary side and the secondary side;
an RF demodulator connected to the secondary side of the RF transformer that receives the modulated carrier frequency and outputs a demodulated control signal; and
an unfolder circuit connected to the RF demodulator that receives the demodulated control signal and outputs a gate signal for driving a gate of a power semiconductor.

US Pat. No. 10,658,091

CERAMIC ELECTRICAL INSULATION COATING

The Florida State Univers...

1. A green coated wire for superconducting applications, the green coated wire comprising:a Bi-2212 wire comprising an Ag-alloy sheath;
a base coat surrounding the Ag-alloy sheath of the Bi-2212 wire, the base coat comprising:
15% by weight TiO2 powder,
5% by weight polyvinyl butyral,
1% by weight polysilicate sol-gel,
78% by weight xylene ethanol=1:1,
0.5% by weight butyl benzoyl phthalate, and
0.5% by weight polyalkylene glycol; and
a top coat surrounding the base coat, the base coat surrounding the Ag-alloy sheath of the Bi-2212 wire, wherein the top coat comprises a polyacrylic binder, wherein the top coat does not dissolve in the base coat and a decomposing temperature of the top coat is substantially equal to, or lower than, a decomposing temperature of the first binder and the second binder.

US Pat. No. 10,629,347

SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNET HAVING A VARIABLE ELECTRICALLY RESISTIVE LAYER AND METHOD OF USE

THE FLORIDA STATE UNIVERS...

1. A superconducting magnet consisting of:a superconductive material in the form of a wire, tape, or cable, wherein the wire, tape, or cable has been wound into coil; and
a variable electrically resistive layer coated directly onto the superconductive material,
wherein the variable electrically resistive layer has a negative temperature coefficient of resistance and is configured to provide a barrier to current flow transverse to the length of the superconductive material during operation of the superconducting magnet.

US Pat. No. 10,547,011

PRINTED HALIDE PEROVSKITE LIGHT-EMITTING DIODES AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURE

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method for manufacturing an optoelectronic device, the method comprising:placing a poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) organometallic halide Perovskite (Pero) solution onto and in contact with a transparent electrode substrate;
spreading the PEO/Pero solution substantially uniformly across at least a portion of the transparent electrode substrate to form an emissive layer that is on and in contact with the transparent electrode substrate;
positioning a contact mask in overlying relation to the emissive layer, the contact mask dimensioned and patterned to define a patterned electrode;
placing a metallic nanowire solution onto the contact mask; and
spreading the metallic nanowire solution substantially uniformly across the contact mask to form the patterned electrode, wherein the patterned electrode is on and in contact with the emissive layer.

US Pat. No. 10,605,773

DETERMINING MOLECULAR AND MOLECULAR ASSEMBLY STRUCTURES FROM A MOMENTUM TRANSFER CROSS SECTION DISTRIBUTION

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method for determining a molecular structure of a molecule or a molecular structure of a molecular assembly, the method comprising:[a] determining, based on a Lewis structure of a molecule, a plurality of candidate molecule structures of the molecule, or [b] determining, for a molecule, a plurality of candidate molecular assemblies;
determining a predicted time-resolved ion mobility mass spectrometry (TRIM-MS) spectrum for each of the candidate molecule structures or candidate molecular assemblies;
determining, based at least in part on a measure of similarity between a measured TRIM-MS spectrum of the molecule or the molecular assembly of the molecule and each of the predicted TRIM-MS spectra, a subset of candidate molecule structures or candidate molecular assemblies;
determining a candidate score for each candidate molecule structure or candidate molecular assembly in the subset; and
assigning, based on the candidate scores, a molecular structure of the molecule or a molecular assembly of the molecule.

US Pat. No. 10,340,108

ULTRAFAST SINGLE ACTUATOR ELECTROMECHANICAL DISCONNECT SWITCH

The Florida State Univers...

1. An electrical switch, comprising:a first electrical feedthrough disposed through an insulating medium, said first electrical feedthrough connected to a first non-movable electrical contact and said first non-movable electrical contact coupled to said insulating medium;
a second electrical feedthrough disposed through the insulating medium, said second electrical feedthrough connected to a second non-movable electrical contact and said second non-movable electrical contact coupled to said insulating medium;
a static gap disposed between said first non-movable contact and said second non-movable contact;
an actuator aligned with said static gap but positioned at a spaced distance away from said first and second non-movable contacts; said actuator being a piezoelectric actuator or a magnetostrictive actuator;
a movable contact directly or indirectly coupled to said actuator and aligned with said static gap, said movable contact contacting said first and second non-movable contacts simultaneously to complete a series between said first and second non-movable contacts, wherein when said actuator is prompted, said movable contact shifts away from said first and second non-movable contacts, such that a variable gap is formed between said movable contact and said first and second non-movable contacts, thus breaking or disconnecting said series between said first and second non-movable contacts, said actuator also releasing contact pressure between said movable contact and said first and second non-movable contacts, wherein when said actuator is idle or unprompted, said movable contact is contacting said first and second non-movable contacts, an electrical circuit is closed within said electrical switch, such that a current flows along a path of travel within said electrical switch across said first non-movable contact, said movable contact and said second non-movable contact.

US Pat. No. 10,336,616

METHOD OF CONVERTING RED PHOSPHOROUS TO SOLUBLE POLYPHOSPHIDES USING POTASSIUM ETHOXIDE

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method for producing polyphosphide anions soluble in organic solvents, comprising:providing red phosphorus or a composition of black phosphorus and red phosphorus;
providing potassium ethoxide suspended in an organic solvent;
allowing the red phosphorus and the potassium ethoxide to react, wherein the reaction uses reflux or an in-line packed column method;
where the in-line packed column method comprises:
providing a packing column;
loading the packing column with the red phosphorus or composition of black phosphorus and red phosphorus in an inert environment;
purging the packing column with an inert gas;
setting a pressure regulator on the packing column to at least 1 bar;
heating the packing column to a preselected temperature, where the preselected temperature is at least the boiling point of the potassium ethoxide;
suspending the potassium ethoxide in the organic solvent;
flowing the organic solvent through the packing column;
flowing the potassium ethoxide in the organic solvent through the packing column; and
forming a compound containing potassium metal and polyphosphide anions.

US Pat. No. 10,332,711

ULTRAFAST ELECTROMECHANICAL DISCONNECT SWITCH HAVING CONTACT PRESSURE ADJUSTMENT

The Florida State Univers...

1. An electrical transfer or disconnect switch, comprising:a first non-movable electrical contact coupled to an insulating medium;
a second non-movable electrical contact coupled to said insulating medium;
a third non-movable electrical contact coupled to said insulating medium and positioned between said first non-movable electrical contact and said second non-movable electrical contact to provide conduction between said first non-movable electrical contact and said second non-movable electrical contact when electrically in series;
a first static gap disposed between said first non-movable contact and said third non-movable contact;
a second static gap disposed between said second non-movable contact and said third non-movable contact;
an actuator having a first mounting plate and a second mounting plate, said first mounting plate aligned with said first static gap but positioned at a spaced distance away from said first non-movable contact, said third non-movable contact, and said first static gap; said second mounting plate aligned with said second static gap but positioned at a spaced distance away from said second non-movable contact, said third non-movable contact, and said second static gap;
a first movable contact directly or indirectly coupled to said first mounting plate of said actuator and aligned with said first static gap, said first movable contact contacting said first and third non-movable contacts simultaneously to complete a first series between said first and third non-movable contacts, wherein when said actuator is prompted, said first mounting plate shifts away from said first and third non-movable contacts, such that a first variable gap is formed between said first movable contact and said first and third non-movable contacts, thus breaking or disconnecting said first series between said first and third non-movable contacts, said actuator also releasing contact pressure between said first movable contact and said first and third non-movable contacts;
a second movable contact directly or indirectly coupled to said second mounting plate of said actuator and aligned with said second static gap, said second movable contact contacting said second and third non-movable contacts simultaneously to complete a second series between said second and third non-movable contacts, wherein when said actuator is prompted, said second mounting plate shifts away from said second and third non-movable contacts, such that a second variable gap is formed between said second movable contact and said second and third non-movable contacts, thus breaking or disconnecting said second series between said second and third non-movable contacts, said actuator also releasing contact pressure between said second movable contact and said second and third non-movable contacts, wherein when said actuator is idle or unprompted, said first movable contact is contacting said first and third non-movable contacts and when said second movable contact is contacting said first and second non-movable contacts, an electrical circuit is closed within said electrical transfer or disconnect switch, such that a current flows along a path of travel within said electrical transfer or disconnect switch across said first non-movable contact, said first movable contact, said third non-movable contact, said second movable contact, and said second non-movable contact; and
one or more precision adjustment screws coupled to said first, second, and third non-movable contacts for adjusting said first, second, and third non-movable contacts.

US Pat. No. 10,566,116

METHOD FOR TUNING THE FERROMAGNETIC ORDERING TEMPERATURE OF ALUMINUM IRON BORIDE

The Florida State Univers...

1. A series of solid solutions having the general formula: AlFe2-xMnxB2, wherein x has a value between 0.1 and 1.9.

US Pat. No. 10,393,156

SWIRLING JET ACTUATOR FOR CONTROL OF SEPARATED AND MIXING FLOWS

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method of controlling a fluid flow, comprising the steps of:inputting a momentum flow into a fluid flow; and
inputting a swirling flow into the fluid flow.

US Pat. No. 10,315,920

METHOD OF SYNTHESIZING SOLUBLE POLYPHOSPHIDES BY CONVERSION OF RED PHOSPHOROUS USING ALKALI METAL COMPOUNDS AND ORGANIC SOLVENTS

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method for producing polyphosphide anions soluble in organic solvents, comprising:providing red phosphorus or a composition of black phosphorus and red phosphorus;
providing an alkali metal alkoxy compound or alkali metal alkyl thiolate compound suspended in an organic solvent;
wherein the alkali metal is sodium or potassium;
allowing the red phosphorus and alkali metal or alkali metal compound to react, wherein the reaction uses reflux or an in-line packed column method;
where the in-line packed column method comprises:
providing a packing column;
loading the packing column with the red phosphorus or composition of black phosphorus and red phosphorus in an inert environment;
purging the packing column with an inert gas;
setting a pressure regulator on the packing column to at least 1;
heating the packing column to a preselected temperature, where the preselected temperature is at least the boiling point of the alkali metal alkoxy compound or alkali metal alkyl thiolate;
suspending the alkali metal alkoxy compound or alkali metal alkyl thiolate compound in the organic solvent;
flowing the organic solvent through the packing column;
flowing the alkali metal alkoxy compound or alkali metal alkyl thiolate compound in the organic solvent through the packing column; and
forming a compound containing the alkali metal and polyphosphide anions; and
separating the black phosphorus from the polyphosphide anions;
wherein the reflux is performed for about 15 minutes to about 2 hours.
US Pat. No. 10,920,280

GENOME CAPTURE AND SEQUENCING FOR COMPREHENSIVE CHROMATIN STRUCTURE MAPS IN COMPLEX GENOMES AND CANCER PROGRESSION

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method of early detection of a grade one tumor in a patient via analysis of chromatin structure, and dysregulation thereof, in a genome of said patient, comprising the steps of:collecting a first sample from a first tissue of said patient, said first sample of said patient not being carcinogenic;
collecting a second sample from a second tissue of said patient, said second sample of said patient being carcinogenic;
targeting and capturing less than a 5% region of said genome in each of said first and second samples of said stage one subject, said captured region containing transcription start sites in said genome;
quantitatively measuring nucleosome distribution in said first sample within a first predetermined range of base pairs flanking a transcription start site in said first sample, wherein said quantitative measurement is performed after capturing said first predetermined range of base pairs in an Ataxia-Telangiesctasia Mutated (ATM) gene in said first sample;
quantitatively measuring nucleosome distribution in said second sample within a second predetermined range of base pairs flanking a transcription start site in said first sample, wherein said quantitative measurement is performed after capturing said second predetermined range of base pairs in an ATM gene in said second sample;
evaluating levels of nucleosome distribution between said first sample and said second sample, wherein a difference of nucleosome distribution between said levels of nucleosome distribution of 10% or higher indicates said second sample being carcinogenic, whereby said difference is not prevalent in later grade subjects.

US Pat. No. 10,522,736

METHOD OF MANUFACTURE FOR POLYMER FOAM-BASED PIEZOELECTRIC MATERIAL

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method for producing a multilayer polymer ferroelectret, comprising:fabricating a plurality of patterned polymer layers, each patterned polymer layer comprising a plurality of cavities separated by supporting structures;
fabricating a metallized polymer top layer and a metallized polymer bottom layer;
fabricating a non-metallized flexible polymer central layer;
arranging the plurality of patterned layers, the metallized polymer top layer, the metallized polymer bottom layer and the non-metallized flexible polymer central layer such that at least one first patterned polymer layer of the plurality of patterned polymer layers is positioned between the metallized polymer top layer and the non-metallized flexible polymer central layer and at least one second patterned polymer layer of the plurality of patterned polymer layers is positioned between the non-metallized flexible polymer central layer and the metallized polymer bottom layer to form an assembly, and wherein the plurality of cavities of the first patterned polymer layer and the plurality of cavities of the second patterned polymer layer are adjacent to the non-metallized flexible polymer central layer and wherein the plurality of cavities of the first patterned polymer layer are positioned in a horizontal offset from the plurality of cavities of the second patterned polymer layer;
coupling the layers of the assembly using a carbon dioxide bonding process to form a bonded assembly; and
electrically charging the bonded assembly by subjecting the bonded assembly to an energy source.

US Pat. No. 10,400,202

ENHANCED PHOTOBIOREACTOR SYSTEM

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method for growing biomass within a liquid nutrient medium, comprising:a. providing a support frame, having a top and a bottom;
b. providing a plurality of separate flow paths supported by said support frame, each of said separate flow paths including a plurality of connected transparent tubes;
c. providing an inlet manifold connected to an upper end of each of said separate flow paths;
d. providing an outlet manifold connected to a lower end of each of said separate flow paths;
e. providing a liquid pump, having an intake side and a discharge side, said intake side being connected to said outlet manifold, said liquid pump being located proximate said bottom of said support frame;
f. providing a gasser tube connected to said discharge side of said liquid pump, said gasser tube being vertically oriented and having a lower portion and an upper portion;
g. said upper portion of said gasser tube being connected to a reservoir, with said reservoir being connected to said inlet manifold;
h. providing a gas injector configured to inject a gas into said lower portion of said gasser tube, thereby creating a mixture of said liquid nutrient medium and said gas in said gasser tube;
i. said gas injector including a bubble size limiter configured to limit an average size of a gas bubble introduced by said gas injector into said liquid nutrient medium to between 0.5 millimeters and 1.0 millimeters;
j. operating said liquid pump at a rate and said gas injector at a rate so that a linear ascent rate of said liquid within said gasser tube is within 0.12 meters pr second of a as bubble ascent rate in said gasser tube; and
k. said gasser tube being at least 10 meters tall.

US Pat. No. 10,340,109

ULTRAFAST ELECTROMECHANICAL DISCONNECT SWITCH HAVING CONTACT PRESSURE ADJUSTMENT AND SWITCHING CHAMBER

The Florida State Univers...

1. An electrical transfer or disconnect switch, comprising:a first non-movable electrical contact coupled to an insulating medium;
a second non-movable electrical contact coupled to said insulating medium;
a third non-movable electrical contact coupled to said insulating medium and positioned between said first non-movable electrical contact and said second non-movable electrical contact to provide conduction between said first non-movable electrical contact and said second non-movable electrical contact when electrically in series;
a first static gap disposed between said first non-movable contact and said third non-movable contact;
a second static gap disposed between said second non-movable contact and said third non-movable contact;
an actuator having a first mounting plate and a second mounting plate, said first mounting plate aligned with said first static gap but positioned at a spaced distance away from said first non-movable contact, said third non-movable contact, and said first static gap; said second mounting plate aligned with said second static gap but positioned at a spaced distance away from said second non-movable contact, said third non-movable contact, and said second static gap;
a first movable contact directly or indirectly coupled to said first mounting plate of said actuator and aligned with said first static gap, said first movable contact contacting said first and third non-movable contacts simultaneously to complete a first series between said first and third non-movable contacts, wherein when said actuator is prompted, said first mounting plate shifts away from said first and third non-movable contacts, such that a first variable gap is formed between said first movable contact and said first and third non-movable contacts, thus breaking or disconnecting said first series between said first and third non-movable contacts, said actuator also releasing contact pressure between said first movable contact and said first and third non-movable contacts;
a second movable contact directly or indirectly coupled to said second mounting plate of said actuator and aligned with said second static gap, said second movable contact contacting said second and third non-movable contacts simultaneously to complete a second series between said second and third non-movable contacts, wherein when said actuator is prompted, said second mounting plate shifts away from said second and third non-movable contacts, such that a second variable gap is formed between said second movable contact and said second and third non-movable contacts, thus breaking or disconnecting said second series between said second and third non-movable contacts, said actuator also releasing contact pressure between said second movable contact and said second and third non-movable contacts, wherein when said actuator is idle or unprompted, said first movable contact is contacting said first and third non-movable contacts and when said second movable contact is contacting said first and second non-movable contacts, an electrical circuit is closed within said electrical transfer or disconnect switch, such that a current flows along a path of travel within said electrical transfer or disconnect switch across said first non-movable contact, said first movable contact, said third non-movable contact, said second movable contact, and said second non-movable contact;
one or more precision adjustment screws coupled to said first, second, and third non-movable contacts for adjusting said first, second, and third non-movable contacts; and
a switching chamber that encloses at least said insulating medium, said first non-movable contact, said second non-movable contact, said third non-movable contact and said actuator, said switching chamber containing vacuum or pressurized gas.

US Pat. No. 10,515,749

FREQUENCY LOSS INDUCED QUENCH PROTECTION SYSTEM FOR HIGH TEMPERATURE SUPERCONDUCTORS AND ASSOCIATED METHOD OF USE

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method for controlling a quench in a high temperature superconductor (HTS) magnet coil, the method comprising:coupling a current imbalance source to at least one coil subsection of an HTS magnet coil, wherein the HTS magnet coil comprises a plurality of coil subsections, wherein the HTS magnet coil comprises an insulated conductor, and wherein the current imbalance source comprises an alternating current (AC) voltage source or a high impedance device, and wherein the current imbalance source further comprises a capacitive element coupled in series with the AC voltage source or the high impedance device, and wherein the AC voltage source or the high impedance device and the capacitive element are coupled across the at least one coil subsection of the HTS magnet coil; and
operating the current imbalance source to induce a current imbalance in the at least one coil subsection of the HTS magnet coil to establish a high frequency change in a magnetic field of the HTS magnet coil resulting in inductive heating of the HTS magnet coil to control a quench in the HTS magnet coil.

US Pat. No. 10,479,004

MATERIAL SYSTEMS AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURE FOR AUXETIC FOAMS

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method for producing an auxetic foam, comprising:providing a flexible foam having an initial volume, the foam comprising a plurality of cells, and further comprising a soft domain, a hard domain, and a filler polymer;
placing the foam into a pressure chamber and compressing the foam to a compressed volume less than the initial volume, such that the cells are deformed;
exposing the compressed foam within the pressure chamber to a compressed gas, and maintaining the pressure chamber at a predetermined temperature and predetermined pressure for a predetermined time;
dissolving at least a portion of the compressed gas into the filler polymer and reducing a glass transition temperature of the filler polymer such that the filler polymer transitions from a glassy state to a rubbery state, wherein a shape of the filler polymer changes from generally spherical to generally ellipsoidal when the compressed gas dissolves into the filler polymer; and
allowing the foam to reach atmospheric pressure and removing the foam from the pressure chamber such that the filler polymer transitions from the rubbery state to the glassy state and fixes the cells of the foam in the deformed state.

US Pat. No. 10,422,051

ARTICLE COMPRISING A SEMICONDUCTING MATERIAL

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method for forming an oxychalcogenide composition, comprising:providing a mixture having a molar ratio of about 20 R:1 RO:1 X, where R is an alkaline earth metal cation, X is an elemental chalcogen, and O is oxygen;
heating the mixture until the mixture melts;
fluxing the melted mixture at least at the melting point for about 10 hours;
allowing the mixture to cool; and
removing one or more oxychalcogenide crystals from the mixture, where the one or more oxychalcogenide crystals, comprise:
a tetragonal crystal of repeating units of RX? and RO;
wherein R is an alkaline earth metal cation, X? is an anionic chalcogen, and O is oxygen;
wherein the alkaline earth metal cation of RO is integrated into a crystalline structure with the unit of RX?; and
wherein the R:X? molar ratio is about 2:1.

US Pat. No. 10,386,326

FLEXIBLE ELECTRICAL DEVICES AND METHODS

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method for fabricating an electrical component, the method comprising:providing an inner electrode which comprises one or more carbon nanotube fibers;
coating the inner electrode with a polymer electrolyte to form a polymer-coated inner electrode having an exterior surface; and
attaching an outer electrode, which comprises carbon nanotube sheets, to at least a first portion of the exterior surface of the polymer-coated inner electrode,
thereby forming a flexible electrical component having a fiber geometry.

US Pat. No. 10,737,265

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR CONCOMITANT EJECTION AND SUCTION OF PERFUSATE

The Florida State Univers...

1. An assembly for identifying a region of interest and for concomitant ejection and suction of a perfusate within a region of interest without spillover of said perfusate to a juxtaposed anatomical region, comprising:a recording chamber containing artificial cerebrospinal fluid, such that a tissue slice is submergible in the fluid and disposed within the recording chamber, the tissue slice having a region of interest and a juxtaposed anatomic region;
an electrode disposed within the recording chamber, the electrode adapted to be disposed on the tissue slice to identify a region of interest as indicated by responses from neurons within the tissue slice; and
a concomitant ejection and suction device in communication with the recording chamber and adapted to interact with the region of interest identified by the electrode, the concomitant ejection and suction device including:
an inflow manifold having a proximal end and a distal end, said proximal end of said inflow manifold being coupled to a cistern containing said perfusate to be delivered to said region of interest;
an outflow manifold having a proximal end and a distal end, said proximal end of said outflow manifold being coupled to a reservoir and an outflow control mechanism to control a rate of suction of said perfusate out of said region of interest and into said reservoir,
wherein said inflow manifold and said outflow manifold are directly or indirectly coupled to each other;
an inflow tip disposed at said distal end of said inflow manifold;
an outflow tip disposed at said distal end of said outflow manifold, said inflow tip and said outflow tip externally juxtaposed from and in a staggered relationship with to each other and collectively forming a microfluidic application tip of said device,
such that said microfluidic application tip both discharges and suctions said perfusate into and out of said region of interest nearly simultaneously while allowing said perfusate to effectuate a reaction within said region of interest or said juxtaposed anatomical region, the reaction being measured by the electrode, and wherein as said inflow manifold discharges said perfusate into said region of interest, said outflow manifold nearly simultaneously suctions said perfusate out of said region of interest so that said perfusate cannot spillover into said juxtaposed anatomical region from said region of interest.
US Pat. No. 10,647,953

SURFACE TREATMENT FOR CELL CULTURE

The Florida State Univers...

1. An article comprising:a layer suitable for culturing quasispherical cell clusters, the layer comprising a bulk region comprising an interpenetrating network of at least one predominantly positively charged polyelectrolyte and at least one predominantly negatively charged polyelectrolyte, a back surface region, and a front surface region, wherein the front surface region comprises a net negative fixed surface charge density of between 0.5 micromole per m2 and 1.5 micromole per m2,
wherein the net negative fixed surface charge density is comprised of a deposited negatively charged polyelectrolyte that is obtained by mixing a negatively charged polyelectrolyte with a conditioning salt, wherein the conditioning salt is selected from the group consisting of chloride salts, citrate salts, and phosphate salts.
US Pat. No. 10,449,213

COMBINATORIAL APPROACH TO TREATING ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method of treating Alzheimer's disease, the method comprising administering to a human having Alzheimer's disease a therapeutically effective amount of a pharmaceutically acceptable transdermal dosage form by applying the dosage form to the human's skin, the dosage form including an active ingredient combination consisting of melatonin, resveratrol, EGCG, and vitamin B12.
US Pat. No. 10,323,229

THREE-DIMENSIONAL HUMAN STEM CELL-DERIVED CORTICAL SPHEROID MODEL

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method of preparing a three-dimensional cellular model to replicate neuronal response, consisting essentially of:providing human iPSK3 cells in a medium containing rho-associated kinase pathway inhibitor;
incubating the cells in the medium containing the rho-associated kinase pathway inhibitor for 24 hours wherein the cells form embryoid bodies;
replacing the medium with a second medium containing SMAD pathway inhibitors 4-(4-(benzo[d][1,3]dioxol-5-yl)-5-(pyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazol-2-yl)benzamide at a concentration of 10 uM and 4-[6-[4-(1-piperazyl)phenyl]pyrazol[1,5-a]pyrimidin-3-yl]-quinoline at a concentration of 100 nM;
incubating the cells in the second medium containing the SMAD pathway inhibitors for 7 days;
replacing the medium with a third medium containing cyclopamine at a concentration of between 0.3 ?M to 1.5 ?M;
incubating the cells in the third medium containing the cyclopamine for between 7-10 days;
transferring the cells to a basement membrane extract; and
wherein the plurality of the human iPSK3 cells are disposed into at least one spheroid structure, wherein the plurality of human iPSK3 cells are integrated into cortical layer-specific structures.
US Pat. No. 10,676,519

CHIMERIC PROTEINS AND THEIR USE IN IDENTIFYING ANTI-DEUBIQUITINASE COMPOUNDS

The Florida State Univers...

1. A chimeric protein comprising a mammalian deubiquitinase catalytic domain, a linker domain, and a non-human deubiquitinase proteasome binding domain, wherein said chimeric protein comprises an amino acid sequence having at least 85% sequence identity to SEQ ID NO: 1.
US Pat. No. 10,907,220

MUTATIONS IN RHODOPSIN GENE IN ZEBRAFISH AND USES THEREOF

The Florida State Univers...

1. A method of identifying a compound that decreases degeneration of rods comprising:a. contacting a non-naturally occurring zebrafish with a test compound, wherein the zebrafish comprises i) one or more mutations in the rhodopsin (rho) locus that leads to rod degeneration and ii) an exogenous nucleic acid encoding a reporter protein that is operably linked to a Xenopus opsin (Xops) promoter;
b. detecting expression of the reporter protein in photoreceptors of zebrafish contacted and not contacted with the test compound;
c. comparing the presence of rods using marker expression in the contacted and non-contacted zebrafish; and
d. determining that the test compound has an effect of decreasing the degeneration of rods if number of rods is higher in the contacted zebrafish than the non-contacted zebrafish.
US Pat. No. 10,913,789

CHIMERIC PROTEINS AND THEIR USE IN IDENTIFYING ANTI-DEUBIQUITINASE COMPOUNDS

The Florida State Univers...

1. A nucleic acid encoding a chimeric protein comprising a mammalian deubiquitinase catalytic domain, a linker domain, and a non-human deubiquitinase proteasome binding domain; wherein said chimeric protein is encoded by a nucleic acid sequence having at least 80% identity to SEQ ID NO: 2.

US Pat. No. 10,916,381

MODULATING ELECTRON TRANSFER DYNAMICS AT HYBRID INTERFACES VIA SELF-ASSEMBLED MULTILAYERS

The Florida State Univers...

1. A multilayer structure having the following general structure (III):
wherein each A is a bridging molecule, and further wherein A consists of two or three of

US Pat. No. 10,916,713

WIRE-SHAPED PEROVSKITE STRUCTURES AND METHODS FOR MANUFACTURE THEREOF

The Florida State Univers...

1. A device comprising:a wire-shaped semi-conductor substrate comprising a carbon nanotube yarn; and
a perovskite coating on an outer surface of the wire-shaped semi-conductor substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,903,441

SINGLE-LAYER LIGHT-EMITTING DIODES USING ORGANOMETALLIC HALIDE PEROVSKITE/IONIC-CONDUCTING POLYMER COMPOSITE

The Florida State Univers...

1. A single layer thin film optoelectronic device, comprising:an anode;
a cathode;
a polycrystalline photoactive layer positioned between the anode and the cathode and wherein a first side of the polycrystalline photoactive layer is adjacent to the anode and a second side of the polycrystalline photoactive layer is adjacent to the cathode; and
wherein the polycrystalline photoactive layer comprises a methylammonium lead halide (CH3NH3PbX) deposited from a mixture of methylammonium halide (CR3NH3X) and lead halide (PbX2) and ion-conducting polymer (ICP) in a solution of dimethylformamide or dimethylsulfoxide, and thermally annealed, and wherein the relative weight ratio of the ICP over the total weight of methylammonium halide and lead halide in the mixture is sufficient to facilitate migration of cations towards the cathode and anions toward the anode, resulting in formation of a p-i-n junction in the polycrystalline photoactive layer.