US Pat. No. 9,228,010

LUNG-TARGETING NANOBODIES AGAINST PULMONARY SURFACTANT PROTEIN A AND THEIR PREPARATION

Shanghai Pulmonary Hospit...

1. An isolated nanobody selected from the group consisting of an amino acid sequence comprising any of SEQ ID NOs 37 to 67.

US Pat. No. 9,403,707

PENTAERYTHRITOL CORE, PHOSPHONIC ACID TERMINATED DENDRIMER AND ITS PREPARATION METHOD

Tongji University, Shang...

1. A pentaerythritol core, phosphonic acid terminated dendrimer comprising a formula illustrated as follows:

wherein n is an integer from 1 to 5.

US Pat. No. 9,403,853

TRIMETHYLOLPROPANE CORE, PHOSPHONIC ACID TERMINATED DENDRIMER AND ITS PREPARATION METHOD

Tongji University, Shang...

1. A trimethylolpropane core, phosphonic acid terminated dendrimer comprising a formula illustrated as follows:

wherein n is an integer from 1 to 5.

US Pat. No. 9,290,610

METHODS OF PRODUCING POLYANTHRACENE AND USES THEREOF

Tongji University, Shang...

1. A polyanthracene containing 18 or more units of anthracene monomers, wherein the anthracene monomers are represented by
formula I

US Pat. No. 9,492,662

PELVIC FLOOR MULTI-POINT PRESSURE MEASURING AND ELECTRICAL STIMULATION THERAPEUTIC APPARATUS

TONGJI UNIVERSITY, Shang...

1. A pelvic floor treatment apparatus, the apparatus comprising:
a head portion; and
a body portion connected to the head portion at a first end, wherein the body portion comprises:
one or more pressure transducers located along the body portion and configured to determine pressures at one or more locations
within an organ;

a movable head connected to at least one of the one or more pressure transducers; and
a track extending along a length of the body portion, wherein the movable head engages the track such that the movable head
and the at least one of the one or more pressure transducers are selectively movable along the track and along the length
of the body portion; and

one or more electrodes configured to selectively electrically stimulate a location within the organ, wherein the track extends
from a first location on the body portion proximate the head portion to a second location on the body portion, and wherein
the second location is a greater distance from the head portion than the first location is from the head portion.

US Pat. No. 9,238,589

WASTE SLUDGE DEWATERING

Tongji University, (CN)

1. A process for dewatering waste sludge, the process comprising:
receiving a waste sludge including a water component and an initial content of suspended particulates;
treating the waste sludge with a combination of flocculant produced by Proteus mirabilis and a powdered flocculant including chloride, wherein the powdered flocculant including chloride is poly(acrylamide (2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl)-trimethylammonium
chloride) and is a cationic flocculant, wherein the combination is sufficient to flocculate at least some of the suspended
particulates in the water component of the waste sludge and to produce treated waste sludge, wherein the treated waste sludge
has a water component with a reduced content of suspended particulates; and

separating at least some of the water component with a reduced content of suspended particulates from the treated waste sludge
to produce dewatered waste sludge.

US Pat. No. 9,217,725

COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS FOR DETECTING LEAD IONS

Tongji University, Shang...

27. A method for detecting lead ions in a sample, the method comprising:
providing a sample suspected of containing one or more lead ions;
contacting the sample with a sensor, wherein the sensor comprises a reference electrode and a lead ion-selective electrode,
wherein the lead ion-selective electrode comprises a vinyl polymer and one or more ionophores selective for lead ions wherein
the one or more ionophores comprise an aniline copolymer, wherein the aniline copolymer comprises at least one optionally
substituted 2-hydroxy-5-sulfonic aniline as a first monomer unit and at least one aniline as a second monomer unit; and

measuring an electromotive force (EMF) between the reference electrode and the lead ion-selective electrode.
US Pat. No. 9,464,022

METHOD OF TRANSFORMING BIOMASS INTO LACTIC ACID WITH MODIFIED BETA ZEOLITES

TONGJI UNIVERSITY, (CN)

1. A method of transforming biomass into lactic acid using modified beta zeolites, comprising the following steps:
(1) catalyst preparation, comprising:
mixing beta zeolites with a concentrated nitric acid solution having a mass ratio, and stirring at 100° C. for 20 hrs to obtain
a first mixture;

then centrifuging and washing the first mixture for 7-9 times to obtain a centrifugation product, and drying the centrifugation
product at 80° C. for 2 hrs and at 150° C. for 10 hrs to obtain dealuminated beta zeolites; and

then mixing the dealuminated beta zeolites with acetates to obtain a second mixture, and grinding; and finally calcining ground
second mixture to obtain the modified beta zeolite catalyst;

wherein the mass ratio of beta zeolites to nitric acid solution is 1:(50-200);
in which in the process of mixing the dealuminated beta zeolites with acetates, for 1 g of dealuminated beta zeolites, the
amount of acetates is 0.01-1.00 mmol, and the amount of acetates is calculated based on the metal atom in the acetates;

wherein the acetates are tin acetate and zinc acetate to yield a zinc-tin-beta zeolite catalyst; and
(2) catalytic reaction, comprising:
adding biomass, zinc-tin-beta zeolite catalyst prepared by step (1) and water with a mass ratio to an autoclave;
then heating the autoclave in a rotary oven with a rotation rate for reaction to obtain a reaction product; and
then centrifuging the reaction product to obtain a liquid which is lactic acid and a solid containing the zinc-tin-beta zeolite
catalyst; and activating the solid for recycling the modified beta zeolite catalyst,

wherein the mass ratio of biomass to zinc-tin-beta zeolite catalyst to water is 1:(0.01-1):(1-100).

US Pat. No. 10,099,952

METHOD FOR TREATING ORGANIC WASTEWATER AND ORGANIC WASTEWATER TREATING SYSTEM

Tongji University, Shang...

1. A method for treating organic wastewater comprising:proceeding with anaerobic fermentation on organic wastewater to obtain a fermentation liquid, wherein the organic wastewater is selected from a kind of wastewater containing protein, and the anaerobic fermentation is proceeded at a pH value of 9±0.5 for a period of time ranging from 1 hour to 24 days or a kind of wastewater containing carbohydrate, the anaerobic fermentation is proceeded at a pH value of 8±0.5 for a period of time ranging from 0.5 hour to 16 days;
nitrifying a portion of the fermentation liquid to obtain a fermentation liquid containing nitrate nitrogen, and separating a remaining portion of the fermentation liquid to remove residue, obtaining a fermentation liquid containing propionic acid;
mixing the fermentation liquid containing nitrate nitrogen and the fermentation liquid containing propionic acid to obtain a mixture; and
conducting a process for removing nitrogen and phosphorus from the mixture and then proceeding with sedimentation to obtain a supernatant and a sediment, and discharging the supernatant as purified water.
US Pat. No. 9,732,360

METHOD FOR IMPROVING PRODUCTION OF BIO-HYDROGEN FROM WASTE WATER CONTAINING PROTEIN

Tongji University, Shang...

1. A method for improving biological production of hydrogen from protein containing wastewater comprising:
a first step (1) of pre-treating wastewater by:
providing a UV light pre-treatment apparatus, comprising:
an exterior wall and an interior wall to form an outer chamber and an inner chamber;
a UV light lamp that is placed inside the inner chamber;
a ballast that is attached to one end of the UV lamp;
a quartz tube that covers the main body of the UV light lamp;
a magnetic stirrer with its rotor inside the inner chamber;
adding the wastewater into the inner chamber to a height of 2-10 cm;
turning on the UV light lamp with the ballast and exposing the wastewater to UV light irradiation from the UV light lamp;
maintaining the UV light irradiation intensity at 10-40 w/L wastewater;
activating the magnetic stirrer to stir the wastewater and circulating cooling water into the outer chamber to maintain the
wastewater at a temperature of 20-25° C. during the UV light irradiation;

continuing to expose the wastewater to the UV light irradiation for 0.5-10 hours to pretreat the wastewater;
and a second step (2) of producing hydrogen by:
providing an anaerobic reactor that is different from the UV light pre-treatment apparatus;
adding the pre-treated wastewater obtained in step (1) to the anaerobic reactor;
adding a heat-treated anaerobic active sludge, wherein the concentration of the heat-treated anaerobic active sludge (SS)
in the anaerobic reactor reaches 3500-4500 mg/L;

adding trace element solution and chloroform into the anaerobic reactor to obtain a mixture;
adjusting pH value of the mixture to a pH of 7±0.2;
providing nitrogen gas for purging of the anaerobic reactor for 2 minutes, and after that
sealing the anaerobic reactor with a rubber stopper to maintain it at an anaerobic state;
placing the anaerobic reactor on a shaker for anaerobic fermentation for 72-96 hours at a temperature of 36±1° C.;
measuring volume and content of hydrogen gas in the anaerobic reactor every 12 hours, and
maintaining the pH value of solution in the anaerobic reactor at pH 7±0.2 during the whole reaction;
wherein additive volume of the chloroform accounts for 0.01%-0.05% of volume of the protein-containing wastewater; and dosage
of the trace elements accounts for 0.33% of the volume of the protein-containing waste water; and

wherein every one liter of the trace element solution contains 2.0 g EDTA-2Na, 2.0g FeSO4.7H2O, 0.1 g H3BO3, 0.1 g CoCl2.6H2O, 0.1 g ZnCl2, 0.05 g Cu(NO3).5H2O, 0.1 g MnCl2.4H2O, 0.75 g Na2MoO4, 0.02g NiCl2.6H2O and 0.001 g Na2SeO3, each is prepared with distilled water and total volume is one liter.

US Pat. No. 9,063,109

POLYANTHRYLENE MATERIALS AND METHODS FOR THEIR PREPARATION AND USE

Tongji University, Shang...

1. A method for detecting ferric ions from a sample, the method comprising:
providing a sample suspected of containing one or more ferric ions; and
contacting the sample with a composition to form a mixture, wherein the composition comprises one or more polyanthrylenes,
wherein the one or more polyanthrylenes each independently comprises at least two monomer units each independently represented
by a formula selected from the group consisting of Formula I, Formula II, Formula III, Formula IV, Formula V, Formula VI,
Formula VII, Formula VIII, Formula IX, Formula X, Formula XI, Formula XII, Formula XIII, Formula XIV, Formula XV, Formula
XVI, Formula XVII, and any combination thereof:


wherein R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9, R10, R11, R12, R13, R14, R15, R16, R17, R18, R19, R20, R21, R22, R23, R24, R25, R26, R27, R28, R29, R30, R31, R32, R33, R34, R35, R36, R37, R38, R39, R40, R41, R42, R43, R44, R45, R46, R47, R48, R49, R50, R51, R52, R53, R54, R55, R56, R57, R58, R59, R60, R61, R62, R63, R64, R65, R66, R67, and R68are each independently hydrogen or an electron donating group,

wherein at least one monomer unit in the one or more polyanthrylenes is not represented by Formula I;
exposing the mixture to a radiation effective to produce fluorescence from the mixture;
measuring the amount of fluorescence produced by exposing the mixture to the radiation; and
determining the presence or absence of ferric ions in the sample based on the amount of fluorescence measured.
US Pat. No. 9,908,934

LUNG-TARGETING NANOBODIES AGAINST PULMONARY SURFACTANT PROTEIN A AND THEIR PREPARATION

Shanghai Pulmonary Hospit...

1. An isolated nucleic acid sequence encoding an isolated nanobody comprising an amino acid sequence selected from the group
consisting of SEQ ID No: 37 to 67.

US Pat. No. 9,358,055

SEPARABLE PEDICLE SCREW

TONGJI UNIVERSITY, Shang...

1. A bone screw, comprising:
a shank;
a threaded portion formed on an end of the shank;
a frangible region formed in the shank;
a material disposed over the frangible region, wherein the material includes an absorbable material selected to be absorbable
in-vivo after installation of the screw in a bone, and wherein the frangible region does not comprise an absorbable material;
and

an unthreaded portion disposed between the threaded portion and the frangible region,
wherein the unthreaded portion is configured to facilitate removal of the threaded portion of the screw from the bone after
the frangible region of the screw has broken after installation of the screw in the bone.

US Pat. No. 9,283,416

STAR-SHAPED HYPERBRANCHED POLYMER WITH TRIETHANOLAMINE CORE, CARBOXYLATE LATERAL GROUP AND DITHIOCARBOXYLATE END GROUP, AND PREPARING METHOD AS WELL AS APPLICATION THEREOF

Tongji University, Shang...

1. A star-shaped hyperbranched polymer with a triethanolamine core, a carboxylate lateral group and a dithiocarboxylate end
group, wherein a formula thereof is: N[CH2CH2OCOCH2CH2(COOM)N(CSSM)CH2CH2N(CSSM)2]3, wherein M is Na+, NH4+ or K+; a structural formula thereof is:

US Pat. No. 9,656,311

DITHIOCARBAMATE FUNCTIONALIZED DENDRIMER WITH ALKYLENEDIAMINE CORE AS SOIL HEAVY METAL IMMOBILIZATION AMENDMENT AND PREPARATION METHOD THEREOF

Tongji University, Shang...

1. A dithiocarbamate functionalized dendrimer with an alkylenediamine core as a soil heavy metal immobilization amendment,
wherein:
the dithiocarbamate functionalized dendrimer with the alkylenediamine core has a chemical formula of:
(CH2)a{N[CH2CH2COOCH2C(C2H5)(CH2OCOCH2CH2N(CSSM)CH2(CH2)bCH2N(CSSM)2)2]2}2; and

the dithiocarbamate functionalized with the alkylenediamine core has a chemical formula of:
wherein a is a positive integer larger than 2, b is a positive integer at a range of 0-4, and M is Na+, NH4+ or K+.

US Pat. No. 9,662,623

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR HYDROTHERMAL REACTION

Tongji University, (CN)

1. A system for hydrothermal reaction, wherein the system comprises:
a heater comprising a circulating component for fluid flowing across and a heat source for heating the fluid, wherein the
heater is used for making the fluid be heated up to the temperature required by the hydrothermal reaction; and

a reactor comprising a container for preserving heat, the container is in communication with the circulating component via
pipes, wherein the reactor is not heated;

wherein the system further includes a mixing apparatus for mixing reactant and water, the reactant and water used for the
hydrothermal reaction, the mixing apparatus and an inlet of the circulating component are in communication via pipes.

US Pat. No. 9,695,076

METHOD FOR REDUCING RELEASE OF RESISTANCE GENES DURING SLUDGE ANAEROBIC TREATMENT

Tongji University, Shang...

1. A method for reducing release of resistance genes during sludge anaerobic treatment, with the method carried out by using
a system including a concentration tank, a supersonic pre-treatment device, an anaerobic treatment device, a real-time fluorescent
quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) instrument, a computer, an alkali storage tank, an electric valve, and a pH detector,
with the concentration tank including a bottom connected by a conduit and a valve to a sludge inlet in an upper portion of
the supersonic pre-treatment device, with the supersonic pre-treatment device including a sludge outlet connected to the anaerobic
treatment device, with the anaerobic treatment device including a lower portion having an outlet for residual sludge, with
the anaerobic treatment device further including an upper portion having an outlet for a supernatant liquid, with the residual
sludge and the supernatant liquid being detected while passing through the real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR instrument,
with the alkali storage tank including a bottom connected by a conduit and the electric valve to an inlet in a top of the
anaerobic treatment device, with the pH detector mounted on the upper portion of the anaerobic treatment device, with the
computer connected to the real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR instrument, the electric valve, and the pH detector, with
the method comprising:
(1) controlling concentration of to-be-treated sludge in the concentration tank to be 12-20 g/L by sedimentation under gravity;
(2) transferring the concentrated sludge into the supersonic pre-treatment device to proceed with supersonic pre-treatment,
with the supersonic pre-treatment conducted for 5-30 minutes at a power of 0.1-0.5 kW and a frequency of 10-40 kHz;

(3) transferring the pre-treated sludge into the anaerobic treatment device for anaerobic treatment, with the anaerobic treatment
conducted for 4-12 days at a temperature of 20-37° C.;

(4) detecting a release amount of resistance genes in residual sludge and the supernatant liquid in the anaerobic treatment
device with the real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction instrument; and

(5) controlling a feedback dosage of an alkali liquid according to the release amount of the resistance genes and feeding
the feedback dosage of the alkali liquid into the anaerobic treatment device to control a pH value to be 9.0-11.0 during the
anaerobic treatment.

US Pat. No. 9,957,177

WASTEWATER TREATMENT METHOD AND EQUIPMENT USING A DUAL-DIFFUSION OXYGEN SUPPLY HORIZONTAL-FLOW BIOFILM

TONGJI UNIVERSITY, Shang...

1. A wastewater treatment method using a dual-diffusion oxygen supply horizontal-flow biofilm, comprising the steps of:a. wastewater entering a water intake tank, in which impurities and fibers with large particle diameter in the wastewater are initially filtered by mechanical action;
b. the initially filtered wastewater entering a biofilm reactor, in which the wastewater is disposed by the biofilm reactor; and
c. discharged water from the biofilm reactor flowing into a water collection tank;
wherein the step b comprising:
performing activated sludge inoculation on a carrier arranged on a multilayer separating plate in the biofilm reactor so as to accelerate the formation of the biofilm, wherein activated sludge from a nitrifying wastewater treatment equipment is inoculated;
the wastewater flowing throughout the biofilm reactor, after the biofilm is fully adapted and acclimated, the wastewater successively horizontally flowing through the multilayer separating plate in the biofilm reactor according to a predetermined flow of the wastewater and simultaneously detecting various wastewater indicators, adjusting the water inflow according to the results of the wastewater indicators, and when the wastewater flows through the carrier on the separating plate, microorganisms on the biofilm remove the organic matter, nitrogen and phosphorus in the wastewater;
wherein a surface layer of the biofilm has a large contact with air and has sufficient oxygen so that microorganisms undergo aerobic respiration, while at a bottom layer of the biofilm adjacent to the surface of the carrier, since the carrier is formed of a permeable material, oxygen is supplied to the biofilm from the bottom layer of the biofilm adjacent to the surface of the carrier, as a result, a mode of simultaneously supplying oxygen from the surface layer and the bottom layer of the biofilm being achieved to enable the biofilm to have a high aerobic activity, and when the biofilm reaches a certain thickness, a hypoxic or anaerobic layer being formed in the middle layer of the biofilm and facilitating the removal of nitrogen and phosphorous compounds in the wastewater, at the same time an aged biofilm falling off from the carrier as the adhesion reduces, and the fallen aged biofilm, under the action of the water flow, being collected together with the discharged water, whereby the biofilm functions continuously and uninterruptedly.

US Pat. No. 9,952,173

LEAD ION SENSORS, METHODS OF MAKING AND USES THEREOF

TONGJI UNIVERSITY, Shang...

1. A copolymer comprising at least one optionally substituted 2-hydroxy-5-sulfonic aniline as a first constituent unit and at least one optionally substituted phenylenediamine as a second constituent unit, wherein the first constituent unit is present in the copolymer in an amount of about 5% to about 10% by mole and the second constituent unit is present in the copolymer in an amount of about 90% to about 95% by mole, and wherein particles of the copolymer have an average diameter of about 2000 nm.

US Pat. No. 10,016,729

ANTIBACTERIAL AND ANTIFOULING POLYMERIC SEPARATION MEMBRANE AND PREPARATION METHOD THEREOF

TONGJI UNIVERSITY, Shang...

1. A polymeric separation membrane with antibacterial and antifouling capability, wherein the polymeric separation membrane is prepared by an immersion precipitation phase inversion method comprising:blending a quaternary ammonium salt, as an antibacterial agent, a polymer, a pore-forming agent and an organic solvent,
per 100 parts by weight of the polymeric separation membrane containing 5-20 parts of the polymer, 1-10 parts of the pore-forming agent, 0.1-5 parts of the quaternary ammonium salt as the antibacterial agent, and the rest is the organic solvent,
wherein the quaternary ammonium salt is a single molecule compound and selected from the group consisting of alkyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride, alkyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium bromide, a cyano quaternary ammonium salt, a polynitrogen heterocyclic quaternary ammonium salt, and a mixture thereof, and the mixing proportion of the quaternary ammonium salt is 0.1%-5% by mass,
wherein the polymer is selected from the group consisting of polyvinylidene fluoride, polytetrafluoroethylene, polyethersulfone, polyacrylonitrile and a mixture thereof,
wherein the pore-forming agent is selected from the group consisting of polyvinyl pyrrolidone, polyethylene glycol, polyvinyl acetate and a mixture thereof, and
wherein the organic solvent is selected from the group consisting of N,N-dimethylacetamide, N,N-dimethylformamide, dimethyl sulfoxide and a mixture thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,194,150

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR CODING IMAGE, AND METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DECODING IMAGE

TONGJI UNIVERSITY, Shang...

1. A method for coding an image, comprising:dividing coding mode parameters and parameter groups of one coding block into multiple types of coding mode parameters and parameter groups corresponding to the multiple types of coding mode parameters according to a specified rule respectively;
determining Quantization Parameters (QPs), comprised in the multiple types of coding mode parameters according to a preset target bit rate;
determining a QP of the coding block according to reconstruction quality for the coding block;
selecting a coding mode parameter to be used from the multiple types of coding mode parameters according to the QP of the coding block;
setting a parameter group corresponding to the selected coding mode parameter, and calculating a QP difference;
encoding the coding block according to the selected coding mode parameter and the QP of the coding block; and
writing the selected coding mode parameter, the parameter group used by the coding block and the QP difference into a video bitstream.

US Pat. No. 10,037,495

CLUSTERING COEFFICIENT-BASED ADAPTIVE CLUSTERING METHOD AND SYSTEM

TONGJI UNIVERSITY, Shang...

1. A clustering coefficient-based adaptive clustering system, comprising:a plurality of servers;
an application for clustering a set of elements required in a network by a method of coefficient-based adaptive clustering;
the plurality of servers and a plurality of clients are constructed to form the network, the set of elements comprises data points in a plurality of clustering object sets;
the application comprises:
a preliminary clustering module used for completing a preliminary clustering step comprising:
a preprocessing unit used for acquiring association relations between the data points in the plurality of clustering object sets, a preliminary clustering step including acquiring association relations between the data points in the plurality of clustering object sets, acquiring the number of neighbor points in a nearest-neighbor algorithm applicable for searching of the number of the neighbor points, and acquiring a distribution curve convergence rate of the data points through a curve fitting technique; sequentially extracting data point pairs according to a magnitude of the association relations between the data points, determining to which category the data points belongs and the number of the categories according to the category of the extracted data point pairs and the magnitude of the association relation between the data points extracted each time, and establishing a association relation between the data points and a association relation between the categories till all data points are processed to acquire preliminary clustering results;
and
a self-learning clustering module used for completing self-learning clustering comprising:
a first calculation unit used for calculating an intra-category similarity of each category, calculating a local clustering coefficient of data points in each category, comparing the intra-category similarity of each category with the local clustering coefficient of the data points in each category, and calling a pre-segmentation unit;
the pre-segmentation unit used for performing pre-segmentation according to a segmentation mode of segmenting each category into two sub-categories which respectively have a local clustering coefficient of data points greater than or equal to the intra-category similarity and a local clustering coefficient of data points smaller than the intra-category similarity, and calculating intra-category similarities of the two sub-categories and inter-category similarities of the two sub-categories;
a first judgment unit used for judging whether the two pre-segmented sub-categories satisfy the segmentation condition, if so, then accepting the pre-segmentation and generating a category set consisting of a plurality of categories; if not, then canceling the pre-segmentation;
a searching unit used for searching two categories having an association relation in the category set;
a second calculation unit used for calculating intra-category similarities of the two categories having the association relation and inter-category similarities of the two categories; and
a second judgment unit used for judging whether the two categories having the association relation satisfy a merging condition, if yes, indicating the relation between the two categories is close, and then calling a merge unit to merge the two categories to generate a new category; if not, indicating the relation between the two categories is distant, and then abandoning the merging.

US Pat. No. 10,341,651

IMAGE CODING METHOD, DECODING METHOD, CODING DEVICE AND DECODING DEVICE

TONGJI UNIVERSITY, Shang...

1. An image coding method comprising:determining a coding mode of a coding block; and
performing hybrid coding on the coding block using a plurality of coding modes, comprising performing coding on pixel sample segments in the coding block using one of two coding modes which are palette coding and string copy coding,
wherein, the coding block is a coding region of an image, comprising at least one of the following: a largest coding unit, LCU, a coding tree unit, CTU, a coding unit, CU, a sub-region of the CU, a prediction unit, PU, a transform unit, TU, and an asymmetric partition, AMP,
the pixel sample segments comprise any one of the following: a pixel, a pixel component, and a pixel index; wherein
when performing coding on any one of the pixel sample segments in the coding block using palette coding, the method comprises:
constructing or acquiring a palette and performing palette coding on the pixel sample segments to generate palette parameters related to palette decoding;
when performing coding on any one of the pixel sample segments in the coding block using string copy coding, the method comprises:
performing string copy coding on any one of the pixel sample segments to generate copy parameters related to string copy coding, obtaining a string of reference pixel samples matching with the pixel sample segments from a set of the reconstructed reference pixel samples according to a copy path shape mode of the string copy coding of the coding block.

US Pat. No. 10,196,569

METHOD AND SYSTEM OF TREATING BIOMASS WASTES BY BIOCHEMISTRY-THERMOCHEMISTRY MULTI-POINT INTERCONNECTION

TONGJI UNIVERSITY, Shang...

1. A method of treating biomass wastes by biochemistry-thermochemistry multi-point interconnection, comprising:(1) converting dry biomass wastes into pyrolysis gas, biochar, pyrolysis oil and aqueous condensate by a pyrolyzer;
(2) feeding the pyrolysis gas and the aqueous condensate into an anaerobic digester to obtain biogas and digestion residues;
(3) feeding at least a portion of the biochar into the anaerobic digester wherein the portion of the biochar is discharged with the digestion residues in the anaerobic digester;
(4) separating the digestion residues into slurry and fiber digestate by a solid-liquid separator;
(5) composting a first portion of the fiber digestate in a composter to form a compost product;
(6) employing heat generated from the pyrolysis oil and the biogas to dry a second portion of the fiber digestate, the compost product and other biomass wastes to obtain dried biomass wastes;
(7) feeding the dried biomass wastes into the pyrolyzer,
wherein step (4) further includes adding at least another portion of the biochar before separating the digestion residues to further increase the solid-liquid separation efficiency.

US Pat. No. 10,179,324

LOW-TEMPERATURE AND HIGHLY EFFICIENT DENITRATION CATALYST AND CORRESPONDING METHOD OF PREPARATION

TONGJI UNIVERSITY, Shang...

1. A method for preparing catalyst for denitration, wherein the method comprises the following steps:(a) preparing an aqueous solution of cerium nitrate;
(b) soaking mesoporous silica materials SBA-15 with the aqueous solution of cerium nitrate obtained from step (a), then stirring, filtrating, washing and drying;
(c) calcining the materials obtained from step (b) to obtain CeO2-SBA-15 materials;
(d) preparing an ethanol solution of manganese nitrate;
(e) soaking the CeO2-SBA-15 materials from step (c) with the ethanol solution of manganese nitrate from step (d), then volatilizing ethanol, washing and drying; and
(f) calcining the materials obtained from step (e) to obtain MnxOy/CeO2-SBA-15 catalyst for denitration.
US Pat. No. 10,179,327

MESOPOROUS TERNARY COMPOSITE MATERIAL AND CORRESPONDING METHOD OF PREPARATION

TONGJI UNIVERSITY, Shang...

1. A method for preparing mesoporous ternary composite materials, comprising the following steps:(a) adding hydrochloric acid and acetic acid into an ethanol solution to prepare a dissolving system;
(b) adding a surfactant into the dissolving system and fully stirring for dissolution;
(c) adding copper nitrate, manganese nitrate solution and tetrabutyl titanate into the mixed liquid obtained from step (b) and evenly stirring;
(d) transferring the mixture obtained from step (c) into petri dishes and obtaining transparent films after drying; and
(e) calcinating the transparent films to obtain mesoporous ternary composite materials.

US Pat. No. 10,357,742

METHOD OF INHIBITING FORMATION OF DIOXINS AND DIOXIN-LIKE COMPOUNDS IN SOLID WASTE INCINERATION FLUE GAS

TONGJI UNIVERSITY, Shang...

1. A method of inhibiting formation of dioxins and dioxin-like compounds in solid waste incineration flue gas comprising:cooling solid waste incineration flue gas down to 500˜450° C.; uniformly mixing an inhibitor with water in a mass ratio of 1:4 to form a pulp, and atomizing and spraying the pulp into an inhibition reactor in a pulse mode at a flow rate of 10˜15 g/Nm3 via inhibitor nozzles; and introducing the solid waste incineration flue gas into the inhibition reactor where copper chloride in particulates of the solid waste incineration flue gas mixes and reacts with the inhibitor to be converted into copper metaphosphate,
wherein the inhibitor contains ammonium dihydrogen phosphate,
the solid waste incineration flue gas is fed to an inlet nozzle at the bottom of the inhibitor inhibition reactor, and the solid waste incineration flue gas flows through the inhibitor inhibition reactor from bottom to top of the inhibitor inhibition reactor.

US Pat. No. 10,272,387

MODIFIED FORWARD OSMOSIS MEMBRANE MODULE FOR FLOW REGIME IMPROVEMENT

TONGJI UNIVERSITY, Shang...

1. A forward osmosis (FO) membrane module, comprising:a water inlet;
a water outlet;
two forward osmosis membranes;
a frame;
internal folded plates, wherein at least one of the internal folded plates is for improving a flow regime;
an air vent; and
an intercommunicating hole,
wherein:
said water inlet, said two forward osmosis membranes, said internal folded plates and said water outlet are set on the frame forming a modularized membrane module,
a first forward osmosis membrane of said two forward osmosis membranes is set on a front side of the frame and a second forward osmosis membrane of said two forward osmosis membranes is set on a back side of the frame to make a fluid feed space, and
said air vent is set on a connecting part of at least one of the internal folded plates and the frame, said air vent is configured to vent air built up within the modularized membrane module through the water outlet,
wherein a draw solution is introduced into the modularized membrane module through said water inlet, then flown through flow channels composed by the internal folded plates vertically arranged on upper and bottom portions of said frame alternatively along a horizontal direction with equal space, and then drawn out from the water outlet.