US Pat. No. 9,481,743

POLYELECTROLYTE POLYMERS, THEIR MANUFACTURE AND USE

THE UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN...

1. A method of forming a polyelectrolyte polymer, the method comprising the step of photopolymerizing a monomer comprising
an ionic group covalently linked to a photocurable group, wherein the monomer has structure (A):
[RX-M-CU(4-X)]ZA  (A)

wherein:
M is a boron (B) or phosphorus (P) atom,
X is a whole number from 0 to 3,
each R and CU group is selected independently of each other;

each R is an optionally substituted alkyl or aryl group;
each CU includes a photocurable moiety; and

when M is boron, A is a cation, and Z=?1, and
when M is phosphorus, A is an anion, and Z=+1.
US Pat. No. 9,051,375

ALKALI-RESISTANT VARIANTS OF PROTEIN A AND THEIR USE IN AFFINITY CHROMATOGRAPHY

THE UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN...

1. An Ig-binding protein comprising the peptide sequence selected from the group consisting of SEQ ID NO: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7,
8, 9, 10, 11, and 14.
US Pat. No. 9,442,375

SUPEROLEOPHOBIC SURFACES AND METHODS OF MAKING SAME

ARLANXEO Singapore PTE LT...

1. An article comprising a substrate, the substrate having a surface comprising a pattern of microscale pillars topped with
a plurality of nanoparticles, wherein:
the plurality of nanoparticles together create a re-entrant convex morphology atop each pillar, and
the surface has a contact angle for water of greater than 150°.

US Pat. No. 9,855,187

ORAL DEVICE AND METHOD FOR THE USE THEREOF

Trudell Medical Internati...

23. An oral device comprising:
an extraoral handle;
a bolus simulator comprising a non-removable jacket having a textured exterior surface and defining a closed interior cavity
not in fluid communication with said exterior surface during use such that any material contained in said closed interior
cavity cannot be swallowed or aspirated, a reinforcement member comprising a ring coupled to said jacket and extending around
at least a portion of a periphery of said bolus simulator, wherein said ring defines an opening having a central axis, and
a hydrophilic coating covering at least a portion of said exterior surface; and

a tether connecting said extraoral handle and said bolus simulator, wherein said tether and said extraoral handle define a
longitudinal axis perpendicular to said central axis of said opening of said ring.

US Pat. No. 9,109,076

SELF-CLEANING COATINGS

THE UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN...

1. A composition comprising nanotitania-polyurethane (nTiO2-PU) nanocomposites in which nTiO2 nanoparticles are coordinated directly to a polyurethane backbone, wherein the composition is self-cleaning, and produced
by a method comprising the steps of:
a) reacting 4,4-methylene bis(p-phenyl isocyanate) with poly(tetrahydrofuran) to form a prepolymer, polymerizing the prepolymer
in the presence of a chain extender 2,2-bis(hydroxymethyl)propionic acid to form polyurethane; and

b) reacting the polyurethane with TiO2 nanoparticles to produce the titania-polyurethane (nTiO2-PU) nanocomposites.

US Pat. No. 9,376,363

METHOD FOR INHIBITING THE OXIDATION OF VO(ACAC)2 IN SOLUTION

THE UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN...

1. A method of stabilizing vanadium oxyacetylacetonate (VO(acac)2) in solution, comprising the steps of inhibiting oxidation of vanadium oxyacetylacetonate by mixing the vanadium oxyacetylacetonate
with an oxidation inhibitor and dopant metal ions to form a solution stabilized against oxidation, wherein the oxidation inhibitor
is an allylic alcohol.

US Pat. No. 9,339,441

ORAL MOUTHPIECE AND METHOD FOR THE USE THEREOF

The University of Western...

1. An oral mouthpiece comprising:
a Y-shaped extraoral portion having an inlet portion and a pair of arm portions extending laterally outwardly in opposite
directions from said inlet portion, and wherein said arm portions extend rearwardly from said inlet portion in a same rearward
direction, wherein said inlet portion defines a single inlet opening, each of said arm portions comprising an attachment portion,
wherein each of said attachment portions are positioned on an outboard side of said arm portion and wherein each of said attachment
members comprises a wing portion extending laterally outwardly from said arm portion;

a pair of intraoral portions extending from end portions of said arm portions, said intraoral portions each having at least
one outlet port adapted to dispense at least one fluid pulse; and

a securing member attached to each of said attachment portions.

US Pat. No. 9,693,928

SWALLOWING AIR PULSE THERAPY MOUTHPIECE AND METHOD FOR THE USE THEREOF

Trudell Medical Internati...

10. A method of stimulating a region of a user's oral cavity comprising:
positioning a vibratory component of a mouthpiece comprising an oral body configured to match the curvature of the front teeth
of the user, in the user's oral vestibule, wherein the occlusal surfaces of the user's teeth are not covered by the mouthpiece,
wherein said vibratory component comprises a compliant tube projecting from the oral body and having an inner surface and
an exterior surface;

applying a pressure to an inner surface of said compliant tube and expanding said compliant tube; and
applying a vibratory stimulus to an oral tissue of the user with said exterior surface of said compliant tube.
US Pat. No. 9,346,686

COPPER-CONTAINING NANOCRYSTALS AND METHODS OF PREPARATION THEREFOR

The University of Western...

1. A method of forming inorganic nanoparticles comprising copper, sulfur and optionally selenium, and a first other metal
or first and second other metals, the method comprising forming the nanoparticles by reacting one or the other or both of
Cu1+ and Cu2+, a compound of the first other metal or a compound of the first and second other metals, and a thiourea, in the presence
of a capping agent of the formula ArSH and a reducing solvent system and optionally a selenium source, to form a mixture containing
nanoparticles.

US Pat. No. 9,325,173

UTILIZATION OF DISTRIBUTED GENERATOR INVERTERS AS STATCOM

The University of Western...

1. A system for improving stability of a power grid system, said system comprising:
a power generating source having an output being injected on to said power grid system;
a damping controller receiving as input a signal indicative of oscillations in said power grid system and outputting a damping
control signal;

a control system receiving said damping control signal;
wherein said control system outputs a control signal proportional to a transient signal on said power grid system;
wherein said control signal controls said power generating source such that said output is based on said control signal
wherein said control system operates a voltage inverter of said power generating source as a static synchronous compensator
(STATCOM) to supply reactive power to improve said stability of said power grid system; and

wherein said control system operates said voltage inverter as a STATCOM only when said voltage inverter is operating at a
capacity less than a rated capacity of said voltage inverter; said control system operating said voltage inverter as a STATCOM
using an unutilized capacity of said voltage inverter

wherein said damping controller comprises a washout filter and a compensator for compensating for said oscillations, said
washout filter filtering steady state signals from said signal received as input by said damping controller.

US Pat. No. 9,280,516

METHOD AND SYSTEM TO VALIDATE WIRED SENSORS

THE UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN...

1. A system, for use in a safety shutdown system in an industrial facility, the system for validating at least one wired sensor
measuring at least one variable comprising:
(a) at least one wireless sensor for measuring the at least one variable as an at least one wireless sensor measurement, the
at least one wireless sensor having built-in computer-executable instructions for self-checking and self-diagnostics;

(b) at least one wired receiver, operatively coupled to the at least one wired sensor, to receive at least one wired sensor
measurement from the at least one wired sensor;

(c) at least one wireless receiver, operatively coupled to the at least one wireless sensor to receive the at least one wireless
sensor measurement from the at least one wireless sensor; and

(d) a validation computer, operatively coupled to the at least one wired receiver and the at least one wireless receiver,
to compare the at least one wired sensor measurement and the at least one wireless sensor measurement to an expected value,
such that if at least one measurement is unacceptable, an alert is generated;

wherein the at least one wired sensor measurement is transmitted to a monitoring device that is independent of the validation
computer;

wherein the at least one wireless sensor transmits a message to the at least one wireless receiver whenever an abnormality
is detected when the computer-executable instructions are executed;

wherein the at least one wired sensor measurement of the at least one variable is a trip variable used by the monitoring device
in a shutdown logic of the safety shutdown system for the industrial facility; and

wherein the at least one wireless sensor has a different measurement mechanism than the at least one wired sensor so as to
increase reliability of the safety shutdown system through sensor diversity.

US Pat. No. 9,423,480

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING

The University of Western...

1. An MRI machine comprising:
a housing having a bore for accommodating a target having a concentration of a contrast agent, said contrast agent binding
to the target, concentrating in the target, and demonstrating magnetic field-dependent variation in MRI relaxation properties;

a polarizing electromagnet disposable in relation to said housing and configured to generate a generally uniform, static,
polarizing magnetic field within said bore;

pulse generating coils configured to generate pulses in an MRI pulse sequence to scan the target in the presence of said generally
uniform, static, polarizing magnetic field;

gradient coils configured to encode acquired MRI signals, wherein said gradient coils are further configured to:
shift the strength of the generally uniform, static, polarizing magnetic field generated by the polarizing electromagnet of
said MRI machine in one of a positive direction and a negative direction to expose the target to one of an increased polarizing
magnetic field and a decreased polarizing magnetic field prior to scanning in the presence of said generally static, uniform,
polarizing magnetic field; and

shift the strength of the generally uniform, static, polarizing magnetic field generated by the polarizing electromagnet of
said MRI machine in the other of the positive direction and the negative direction to expose the target to the other of the
increased polarizing magnetic field and the decreased polarizing magnetic field prior to scanning in the presence of said
generally uniform, polarizing magnetic field; and

a computing device configured to subtract one acquired image of the acquired images from another acquired image of the acquired
images to yield a difference image of the target.

US Pat. No. 9,425,836

ASYMMETRICAL TRANSMITTER-RECEIVER SYSTEM FOR SHORT RANGE COMMUNICATIONS

THE UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN...

1. A method for asymmetrical wireless communications between a host device and a user device, the method comprising:
at said host device:
a) receiving a preamble transmission from a transmitter of said user device, said preamble transmission containing a predetermined
preamble from said user device;

b) using said predetermined preamble to determine communications parameters for a single channel used in communicating between
said host device and said user device, said step being executed by a receiver on said host device;

c) receiving downlink data to be transmitted to said user device;
d) selecting a downlink error correcting code and an uplink error correcting code;
e) applying said downlink error correcting code to said downlink data;
f) applying at least one pre-transmission process to said encoded downlink data to result in pre-processed data, said at least
one pre-transmission process being for compensating for potential distortions due to said single channel and due to a lower
hardware complexity of said user device, said at least one pre-transmission process being based on communications parameters
determined in step b);

g) transmitting said pre-processed data to said user device using said single channel; and
at said user device:
h) applying said uplink error correcting code to uplink data, said encoded uplink data being for transmission from said user
device to said host device;

wherein:
steps a)-g) are executed by said host device and step h) is executed by said user device;
said uplink error correcting code applied to uplink data is different from said downlink error correcting code applied to
downlink data in step e);

said user device is lower in hardware complexity when compared to said host device;
said host device determines uplink transmission parameters;
said method is for two-way data wireless communications between said host device and said user device;
said downlink error correcting code has a higher encoder complexity and a lower decoder complexity than said uplink error
correcting code; and

said applying at least one pre-transmission process in step f) further includes a pre-synchronization process and a pre-equalization
process being applied to said encoded downlink data to result in said pre-processed data.

US Pat. No. 9,096,744

ANISOTROPIC HYDROGELS

THE UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN...

1. An anisotropic hydrogel made up of physical cross-links and exhibiting at least one anisotropic mechanical property, the
hydrogel formed by the process comprising the steps of:
a) preparing a solution of poly(vinyl alcohol) with a pre-selected concentration;
b) thermally cycling the solution by freezing and thawing to obtain a PVA hydrogel;
c) stretching the hydrogel; and
d) thermally cycling the hydrogel at least one more time while stretching the hydrogel.

US Pat. No. 9,829,793

FABRICATION OF FREE STANDING MEMBRANES AND USE THEREOF FOR SYNTHESIS OF NANOPARTICLE PATTERNS

THE UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN...

1. A method of fabrication of self-detachable, free standing polymeric membranes of uniform thickness using negative photoresist,
comprising the steps of:
a) providing a substrate having a top surface and applying a negative photoresist layer to the top surface of the substrate,
said photoresist layer having uniform thickness;

b) heating the photoresist layer for a period of time;
c) exposing the photoresist layer from a top surface thereof to a dose of ultraviolet radiation through a mask having a predetermined
pattern, the dose of ultraviolet radiation being delivered perpendicularly into the photoresist layer;

d) controlling an intensity of the dose of ultraviolet radiation and controlling a time the photoresist layer is exposed to
the dose of radiation such that a top portion of the photoresist layer through which the dose of ultraviolet radiation enters
the photoresist layer undergoes greater cross linking than a bottom portion of the photoresist layer immediately adjacent
to the top surface of the substrate such that a cross linking gradient develops through a thickness of the photoresist layer;

e) removing the mask,
f) heating the photoresist layer for another period of time again; and
g) dipping the substrate and photoresist into a developer solution, and detaching the cross linked photoresist from the top
surface of the substrate to form a free standing patterned membrane of uniform thickness having a preselected pattern of open
pores reflective of the pattern of the mask.

US Pat. No. 9,539,731

MAGNETO-RHEOLOGICAL CLUTCH WITH SENSORS MEASURING ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD STRENGTH

THE UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN...

1. A clutch system for transmitting torque from an input shaft to an output shaft, the system comprising:
a plurality of input torque transmission disks coupled to said input shaft;
a plurality of output torque transmission disks coupled to said output shaft, portions of said input torque transmission disks
being interleaved with portions of said output torque transmission disks;

a torque transmission fluid disposed between said interleaved input torque transmission disks and output torque transmission
disks, said torque transmission fluid having a viscosity which changes based on a strength of an electromagnetic field passing
through said transmission fluid;

field means for providing an electromagnetic field which passes through said torque transmission fluid;
a plurality of sensors for measuring a strength of said electromagnetic field at different radial positions along said input
torque transmission disks or along said output torque transmission disks, wherein said plurality of sensors measures said
electromagnetic field in said torque transmission fluid.

US Pat. No. 9,566,715

MAGNETO- AND ELECTRO-RHEOLOGICAL BASED ACTUATORS FOR HUMAN FRIENDLY MANIPULATORS

THE UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN...

1. A clutch system for transmitting torque from an input shaft to an output shaft, the system comprising:
a plurality of input torque transmission disks coupled to said input shaft;
a plurality of output torque transmission disks coupled to said output shaft, portions of said input torque transmission disks
being interleaved with portions of said output torque transmission disks;

a torque transmission fluid disposed between said interleaved input torque transmission disks and output torque transmission
disks, said torque transmission fluid having a viscosity which changes based on a strength of an electromagnetic field passing
through said transmission fluid;

field means for providing an electromagnetic field which passes through said torque transmission fluid;
a plurality of sensors for measuring a strength of said electromagnetic field at different radial positions along either of
said input torque transmission disks or said output torque transmission disks;

a control system for controlling an output of said field means based on an output of said plurality of sensors, said control
system controlling a strength of said electromagnetic field to control an amount of torque being transmitted;

wherein said control system linearizes a relationship between an input torque and an output torque of said clutch system.

US Pat. No. 9,987,162

MAMMALIAN HEAD COOLING SYSTEM AND METHOD

THE UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN...

1. A head cooling system comprising:a source of compressed breathable gas;
a vortex tube comprising an inlet, a hot gas outlet and a cold gas outlet, the inlet operably connected to the source of compressed breathable gas;
a nasal cannula configured to deliver cooled gas to the nasopharyngeal cavity of a subject, in fluid communication with the cold gas outlet; and
a bladder in fluid communication with the hot gas outlet, the bladder capturing at least a portion of gas flowing from the hot gas outlet, and the bladder sized and shaped to provide an exterior surface to contact a body region located between a neck and a pelvis of the subject.
US Pat. No. 9,987,315

USE OF A COMBINATION OF MYXOMA VIRUS AND RAPAMYCIN FOR THERAPEUTIC TREATMENT

The University of Western...

1. A method for inhibiting a human cancer cell, comprising contacting a human cancer cell that is deficient in an innate antiviral response and permissive to Myxoma virus replication with an effective amount of a Myxoma virus that does not express functional M135R, wherein (i) part or all of the open reading frame that encodes M135R of the Myxoma virus is deleted, or (ii) part or all of the M135R gene regulatory region of the Myxoma virus is deleted wherein Myxoma virus inhibits human cancer cell; and wherein the human cancer cell is a glioma cell.

US Pat. No. 10,054,650

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING

THE UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN...

1. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) method comprising:performing imaging of a subject using an MRI machine, the subject having been administered with a contrast agent demonstrating a magnetic-field dependent variation in one or more MRI properties, wherein a polarizing magnetic field strength of said MRI machine is shifted during an MRI pulse sequence prior to image acquisition; and
processing acquired images to yield an enhanced contrast, difference image,
wherein said performing comprises:
shifting the strength of the polarizing magnetic field of the MRI machine in one direction during a relaxation portion of the MRI pulse sequence and thereafter acquiring an image; and then
shifting the strength of the polarizing magnetic field of the MRI machine in an opposite direction during another relaxation portion of the MRI pulse sequence and thereafter acquiring an image,
wherein said shifting comprises conditioning an electromagnet of said MRI machine to generate magnetic field pulses of opposite polarities to shift the polarizing magnetic field in the one direction and in the opposite direction.

US Pat. No. 10,028,885

ORAL MOUTHPIECE AND METHOD FOR THE USE THEREOF

THE UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN...

14. A method for making an oral mouthpiece comprising:integrally molding a pair of intraoral portions and an extraoral portion from a first material, said intraoral portions defining intraoral conduits having outlet ports adapted to dispense at least one fluid pulse, and said extraoral portion defining at least one extraoral conduit in flow communication with said intraoral conduits, and said extraoral portion comprising a receptacle, said extraoral portion being connectable to a fluid supply, wherein said intraoral portions and said extraoral portion form a delivery conduit;
wherein said integrally molding said intraoral portions and said extraoral portion comprises:
molding a Y-shaped housing comprising a pair of arms defining said intraoral portions and an inlet tube, said housing defining a junction at an intersection of said pair of arms and said inlet tube; and
molding a one-way valve within said junction; and
overmolding a second material over at least a portion of said first material, said second material having a different durometer than said first material, wherein said overmolding said second material comprises molding an ear strap having a free end portion insertable through said receptacle so as to define an ear loop, wherein said ear strap is adapted to be moveable relative to said receptacle such that a length of said ear loop is capable of being lengthened or shortened while a corresponding length of said free end is simultaneously shortened or lengthened respectively, and wherein said ear loop comprises a plurality of detents engageable by said receptacle so as to fix said length of said ear loop.

US Pat. No. 10,088,751

FABRICATION OF FREE STANDING MEMBRANES AND USE THEREOF FOR SYNTHESIS OF NANOPARTICLE PATTERNS

THE UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN...

1. A method of fabrication of self-detachable free standing polymeric membranes of uniform thickness using a positive photoresist, comprising the steps of:a) providing a transparent substrate having a top surface and applying a positive photoresist layer to the top surface of the substrate, said photoresist layer having a uniform thickness;
b) heating the photoresist layer for a period of time;
c) exposing the photoresist layer from its top to a dose of ultraviolet radiation being delivered perpendicularly to the photoresist layer, through a mask having a predetermined pattern such that exposure causes scission of polymer chains in portions of the photoresist layer exposed to the dose of ultraviolet radiation;
d) exposing the photoresist layer from its bottom to a dose of ultraviolet radiation being delivered perpendicularly to the photoresist layer, without any photomask, the dose of ultraviolet radiation being controlled in intensity and time the photoresist layer is exposed such that scission of the polymer chains only occurs at a bottom portion of the photoresist layer through which the dose of ultraviolet radiation enters the photoresist layer;
e) removing the mask, and
f) dipping the substrate and photoresist layer into a developer solution, and detaching the photoresist layer from the top surface of the substrate to form a free standing patterned membrane of uniform thickness having a preselected pattern of open pores.

US Pat. No. 10,004,657

METHOD OF BRAIN ACTIVATION

THE UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN...

1. A method of activating the brain of a subject comprising:delivering a train of fluid air pulses of a predetermined frequency and duration at a pressure between 25 mmHg and 250 mmHg with an oral device to one or more predetermined areas on the subject's body selected from the group consisting of a peri-tonsillar area, tongue, mouth, oral cavity, oropharynx, nasal cavities, pharynx and neck of the subject;
eliciting swallowing by the subject in response to the delivering of the train of fluid air pulses; and
activating a brain of the subject directly in response to the delivering of the train of fluid air pulses, or the swallowing that was elicited in response to the delivery of the train of fluid air pulses.

US Pat. No. 9,945,586

SOLAR TRACKER

THE UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN...

1. A system for tracking a sun to provide solar exposure to a solar device, the system comprising:an altitude motor for adjusting an altitude of the device;
an azimuth motor for adjusting an azimuth of the device;
a controller for controlling an activation and deactivation of said altitude motor and said azimuth motor;
an altitude sensor for detecting solar exposure to the device, said altitude sensor being coupled to said controller;
an azimuth sensor for detecting solar exposure to the device, said azimuth sensor being coupled to said controller;
an altitude switch for reversing a polarity of said altitude motor, said altitude switch being activated when said device is at a solar noon position;
an azimuth switch for reversing a polarity of said azimuth motor, said azimuth switch being activated when said device reaches an extreme azimuth position;
a main supporting shaft for supporting said device;
at least one torsion spring coupled to a supporting mechanism for said device, said at least one torsion spring being attached to said supporting mechanism such that said at least one torsion spring partially supports a weight of said device when said altitude of said device is being adjusted by said altitude motor, said at least one torsion spring being attached to a shaft perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of said main supporting shaft;whereinsaid controller activates and deactivates said altitude motor based on readings from said altitude sensor, said altitude motor being deactivated when said altitude sensor detects sufficient solar exposure for said device;
said at least one torsion spring provides a braking force which alleviates an amount of torque needed from said altitude motor when said altitude of said device is being adjusted by said altitude motor, said at least one torsion spring stores energy as said device transitions from a horizontal position to a vertical position and said at least one torsion spring releases energy as said device transitions from said vertical position to said horizontal position; and
said controller activates and deactivates said azimuth motor based on readings from said azimuth sensor, said azimuth motor being deactivated when said azimuth sensor detects sufficient solar exposure for said device.
US Pat. No. 10,274,499

SH2 DOMAIN VARIANTS

THE UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN...

1. A variant of an SH2 domain, the variant comprising an amino acid sequence selected from the group consisting of: SEQ ID NOs: 14, 16, 17, 21 and 22.
US Pat. No. 10,214,609

POLYGLYOXYLATES, MANUFACTURE AND USE THEREOF

THE UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN...

1. A capped polymer comprising a polyglyoxylate polymer having a polyacetal backbone with pendant esters and a terminal hydroxyl, an end capping molecule separate from the polymer that is a protecting group for the polyglyoxylate's terminal hydroxyl or a self-immolative spacer covalently linked to the protecting group, which is linked to an end thereof by a covalent linkage, wherein the end capping molecule is able to undergo selective cleavage from the polyglyoxylate polymer upon exposure to a preselected stimulus, wherein said selective cleavage is cleavage only of said covalent linkage of the end capping molecule to the end of the polymer thus leaving the polyacetal backbone and the pendant esters intact to produce the polyglyoxylate polymer without the end capping molecule.

US Pat. No. 10,266,633

FORMALDEHYDE-FREE PHENOLIC RESINS, DOWNSTREAM PRODUCTS, THEIR SYNTHESIS AND USE

THE UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN...

1. A method for preparing a cross-linkable viscous liquid phenol-HMF resin, the method comprising the step of:converting a hexose to 5-hydroxymethyl furfural (HMF) in the presence of a phenolic compound, a bifunctional Lewis acid catalyst and an ionic liquid, wherein the bifunctional Lewis acid catalyst
catalyzes dehydration of hexose to HMF; and
promotes in-situ formation of covalent bonds between a carbon atom of the aromatic ring of the phenolic compound and the carbon of the formyl group of the HMF to form the viscous liquid phenol-HMF resin, wherein the resin has a weight average molecular weight (Mw) in the range of about 500 to about 5000 g/mol.

US Pat. No. 10,413,690

ORAL MOUTHPIECE AND METHOD FOR THE USE THEREOF

The University of Western...

1. An oral mouthpiece comprising:first and second intraoral portions defining first and second intraoral conduits, each of the first and second intraoral conduits having at least one outlet port adapted to dispense at least one fluid pulse;
first and second extraoral portions connected to the first and second intraoral portions respectively, the first and second extraoral portions defining first and second extraoral conduits in flow communication with the first and second intraoral conduits respectively, the first and second extraoral portions being connectable to a fluid supply wherein the first and second intraoral portions and the first and second extraoral portions form a delivery conduit, wherein a first tube defines the first intraoral and extraoral portions and a second tube defines the second intraoral and extraoral portions, wherein the first and second tubes are laterally spaced apart, and wherein no portion of the delivery conduit defines an ear loop; and
a laterally extending support member extending transversely across a vertical centreline, defined between the first and second tubes, above an entirety of the first and second extraoral portions, wherein the support member is coupled to the first and second extraoral portions, wherein the support member is adapted to engage an upper lip of the user, wherein the support member is coupled to the first and second extraoral portions with at least one clip, and wherein the support member is not in fluid communication with the first and second extraoral conduits.

US Pat. No. 10,400,944

COUNTERBALANCE SYSTEM AND/OR A METHOD FOR COUNTERBALANCING A LOAD

Centre for Imaging Techno...

1. A counterbalance system for engaging a payload having a load vector in the direction of gravity, the system comprising:a payload (K1) member in communication with the payload to be engaged;
a payload compensation (K2) member and an actuator compensation (K3) member in communication with either end of the payload (K1) member;
an actuator, having a loaded and an unloaded position, in communication with the payload (K1) and the actuator compensation (K3) members, the payload (K1) and the actuator compensation (K3) members adapted to transfer an actuator energy during movement, of the actuator between the loaded and unloaded positions;
a payload arm adapted to support the payload, having a load-bearing and a neutral position, in communication with the payload (K1) and the payload compensation (K2) members, the payload (K1) and the payload compensation (K2) members adapted to transfer a support energy during movement of the payload arm between the load-bearing and neutral positions; and
whereby, movement of the actuator to the loaded position when the payload arm is in the neutral position, transfers the actuator energy and the support energy to generate a lift vector at the payload to counterbalance the load vector.

US Pat. No. 10,220,363

REACTOR AND MULTIFUNCTIONAL RISER AND DOWNER SIMULATOR INCORPORATING THE SAME

The University of Western...

1. A reactor comprising:a reactor vessel defining a confined reactor volume;
a support assembly extending about a periphery of the confined reactor volume;
a basket positioned within the reactor vessel and supported by the support assembly, the basket having an interior surface and an exterior surface, a downflow zone being defined between the exterior surface of the basket and an interior surface of the confined reactor volume;
an inlet screen positioned adjacent to one end of the interior surface and an outlet screen positioned adjacent to an opposite end of the interior surface, an upflow zone defined between the inlet screen and outlet screen, the inlet screen and the outlet screen containing a quantity of particulate catalyst; and
a circulating device positioned above said upflow zone and configured to continuously circulate fluid upwardly though said upflow zone and downwardly through said downflow zone;
the support assembly and the basket configured to promote the formation of a fluid vortex within a portion of the downflow zone,
wherein the support assembly and the basket are configured to define an inverse frustoconical shape therebetween for promoting formation of the fluid vortex within the portion of the downflow zone.

US Pat. No. 10,472,448

SURFACE-MODIFICATION OF PRINTED OBJECTS

The University of Western...

1. A method of printing a three-dimensional object having a surface coating by three-dimensional printing, the method comprising:(i) providing a three-dimensional printable liquid resin, the three-dimensional printable resin including a mixture of first and second molecules and a photoinitiator, programming a 3D printer to produce a digital 3D model of the object to be printed and digitally slicing the 3D model into a series of 2D layers, depositing the mixture layer-by-layer using said 3D printer and copolymerizing the first and second molecules in each layer using patterns of said 2D layers to control UV projection onto each layer to solidify the liquid resin in a layer-by-layer sequence until the object has been produced, wherein the first molecule is a cross-linking first monomer and the second molecule is a second monomer comprising first and second functional groups wherein the first functional group links with the first monomer during the copolymerization to form a three-dimensional object, the outer surface of the three-dimensional object being formed with the second functional group exposed at the outer surface of said three-dimensional object for chemical reaction with a third molecule.

US Pat. No. 10,538,618

POLYMER BASED MEMRISTORS

THE UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN...

1. A memristor, comprising:a support substrate, a first array of electrodes or integrated circuit located on the support substrate;
a layer of a verdazyl polymer located on said first electrode array, said layer having a thickness in a range from about 1 nm to about 1 ?m, and said verdazyl polymer having a structure (S1):
in whichB is a bridging group which is any one of C?O, C?S, CH2, and CHAr where Ar is a phenyl or substituted phenyl;
R1 and R5 are N-substituents which include any one of methyl, isopropyl, tertbutyl, phenyl, substituted phenyls, thiophene, furan, pyrrole, imidazole, pyridine, dimethylaminopyridine, pyrimidine, and indole;
PG is the polymerized form of a group, the group including any one of cis-5-norbornene-exo-2,3-dicarboximide, norbornene, substituted norbornenes, styrene, vinyl, alkynyl, acrylate, methacrylate, substituted silacyclobutanes, ethylene glycol, and ethylene oxide; and
n is an integer equal to or greater than 1;
a second array of electrodes or integrated circuit located on a top surface of the layer of a verdazyl polymer; and
one of said first and second array of electrodes or integrated circuits being a cathode, said cathode having a work function in range of about 3 to about 6 eV, and the other array of electrodes being an anode, said anode having a work function in range of about 2 to about 5 eV.

US Pat. No. 10,772,218

REACT-ON-DEMAND (ROD) FABRICATION METHOD FOR HIGH PERFORMANCE PRINTED ELECTRONICS

THE UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN...

1. A react-on-demand (RoD) method of fabricating a three-dimensional electrically conductive hybrid metal-polymer structure on a substrate, the method comprising:(i) coating the substrate with an ink-absorption coating to form an ink absorption layer on the substrate, followed by
(ii) coating the substrate with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) solution to form a PVA layer having PVA polymers on the ink absorption layer, followed by
(iii) functionalizing the PVA layer with a first solvent containing a reducing agent and evaporating the first solvent to induce formation of crystals of the reducing agent located in between polymer chains of the PVA polymers as well as on the surface of the PVA layer, followed by
(iv) printing or writing a second solvent containing water and a metal salt onto the PVA layer wherein the second solvent dissolves the reducing agent and at the same time the reducing agent reduces the metal salt to produce metal particles to form a three-dimensional electrically conductive hybrid metal-polymer structure in which the metal particles are located on the surface of the PVA layer as well as in between the polymer chains in an interior of the PVA layer.

US Pat. No. 10,663,548

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING

THE UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN...

1. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) method comprising:acquiring image data of a target having a concentration of contrast agent using an MRI machine, said contrast agent binding to the target and demonstrating a magnetic field-dependent variation in one or more MRI properties, said acquiring comprising:
shifting the strength of a polarizing magnetic field of said MRI machine in one of a positive direction and a negative direction to expose the target to one of an increased polarizing magnetic field and a decreased polarizing magnetic field, and during shifting of the polarizing magnetic field in the positive direction, generating a substantially uniform positive magnetic field, and during shifting of the polarizing magnetic field in the negative direction, generating a substantially uniform negative magnetic field,
returning the polarizing magnetic field to its static strength and then acquiring image data of the target,
shifting the strength of the polarizing magnetic field of said MRI machine in the other of the positive direction and the negative direction to expose the target to the other of the increased polarizing magnetic field and the decreased polarizing magnetic field, and during shifting of the polarizing magnetic field in the positive direction, generating a substantially uniform positive magnetic field, and during shifting of the polarizing magnetic field in the negative direction, generating a substantially uniform negative magnetic field, and
returning the polarizing magnetic field to its static strength and then acquiring image data of the target; and
fitting the acquired image data to a signal model to yield enhanced contrast image data.

US Pat. No. 10,689,282

HYDROTHERMAL LIQUEFACTION CO-PROCESSING OF WASTEWATER SLUDGE AND LIGNOCELLULOSIC BIOMASS FOR CO-PRODUCTION OF BIO-GAS AND BIO-OILS

THE UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN...

1. A process of coproduction of biogas and bio-crude oil, comprising:a) mixing wastewater sludge with waste lignocellulosic biomass to form a mixture with an overall solid content in a range from about 5 to about 25 wt %;
b) subjecting the mixture to hydrothermal liquefaction in a reactor at held at a temperature in a range from about 200 to about 350° C. under pressure in a range from about 50 to about 150 bars and in the presence of a catalyst to give a reaction product;
c) removing and collecting solid bio-char from the reaction product in the reactor, removing and collecting bio-oil from the reaction product in the reactor, and removing and collecting aqueous products from the reaction product in the reactor; and
d) anaerobically digesting the aqueous products to produce and collecting biogas produced from the anaerobically digested aqueous products.

US Pat. No. 10,667,752

CATHETER FORCE CONTROL DEVICE

THE UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN...

1. A hand-held catheter force control device comprising:an elongate base sized to be hand-held, the base defining a longitudinal axis between first and second opposing longitudinal ends;
a cover pivotably coupled to the base;
a linear actuator mounted to the base to provide linear motion substantially parallel to the longitudinal axis of the base;
a sheath clamp coupled to the base, the sheath clamp capturing a sheath handle to immobilize the sheath handle relative to the base, the sheath clamp is an aperture formed in corresponding abutting edges of the cover and the base, the aperture being formed when the cover and the base are in a closed position;
a side port aperture formed in corresponding abutting edges of the cover and the base, the side port aperture being formed when the cover and the base are in a closed position, a side port extending radially from the sheath handle, the side port aperture receiving the side port;
a catheter clamp coupled to the linear actuator, the catheter clamp capturing a catheter;
the catheter clamp aligned to be substantially co-axial with the sheath clamp; and
the linear actuator effects linear motion of the catheter relative to the sheath handle.