US Pat. No. 9,483,432

GENERIC AND MULTI-ROLE CONTROLLER STRUCTURE FOR DATA AND COMMUNICATION EXCHANGES

THALES, Neuilly sur Sein...

1. A generic and multi-role data and communication exchange controller circuit, comprising:
a generic data and communication exchange controller,
wherein the generic and multi-role data and communication exchange controller circuit has the form of a single component,
and

wherein the generic data and communication exchange controller is associated with at least:
a data storage/exchange buffer,
a plurality of first connection interfaces to a plurality of data production/consumption units, each of the first connection
interfaces being associated with a respective one of the data production/consumption units,

a plurality of second connection interfaces with a plurality of external data communication buses, each of the second connection
interfaces being associated with a respective one of the external data communication buses,

wherein the generic data and communication exchange controller is configured to enable connections between:
the first connection interfaces with the data production/consumption units, to each other directly,
the first connection interfaces with the data production/consumption units, to each other, through the data storage/exchange
buffer,

the first connection interfaces with the data production/consumption units and the second connection interfaces with the external
data communication buses, through the data storage/exchange buffer,

the second connection interfaces with the external data communication buses through the data storage/exchange including between
receiving and transmitting portions of each of the external communication buses, and

the first connection interfaces with the data production/consumption units and the second connection interfaces with the external
data communication buses, as well as to each other through the data storage/exchange buffer.

US Pat. No. 9,484,898

SYSTEM FOR GENERATING AN ANALOGUE SIGNAL

THALES, Courbevoie (FR) ...

1. A system for generating an analog signal having at least:
a set of at least two electric current generators
at least one capacitor
activation/deactivation devices for said electric current generators;
the electric current generators being connected in parallel with one another and the capacitor being connected in series with
the electric current generators, the activation/deactivation devices controlling said generators by means of a digital stream
allowing control of the intensity of the electric current entering said capacitor and generating a trapezoidal voltage signal
at the terminals of said capacitor, said analog signal being reconstructed through interpolation of said trapezoidal signal.

US Pat. No. 9,370,124

COOLING AN ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Thales, Courbevoie (FR)

1. The item of electronic equipment comprising an electronic compartment formed from a housing and at least one board carrying
electronic components, the board being intended for assembly in a removable manner in the housing by a movement of translation
along a groove in order to reach an operating position, the assembly of the board being carried out through an insertion face
of the housing, further comprising a heat sink of elongate shape mounted on the board and disposed along the groove making
it possible to collect the heat emitted by the components and means of extraction of the heat collected by the heat sink,
the extraction means being located outside of the electronic compartment, either at the level of the insertion face or at
the level of a rear face opposite the insertion face.

US Pat. No. 9,474,091

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT AND SUSTAINING OF A BROAD-BAND LINK

Thales, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A system for establishing and sustaining a link ALE (automatic link establishment) within a framework of a bidirectional
broadband communication, the said system comprising at least:
a first master communication post configured to transmit a message for the establishment of a bidirectional communication
with a first desired Service Level Agreement (SLA) target service with a first bitrate and a second desired SLA target service,
different from the first desired SLA target service, with a second bitrate, the first master communication post comprising
a first radio transmitter/receiver and a first controller; and

a second called communication post comprising a second radio transmitter/receiver and a second controller, wherein
the first master communication post is configured to define a set of sub-bands, to transmit a known test sequence, Stest,
on a sub-band Bk to the second called communication post as soon as the second called communication post acknowledges switching
to probing mode to determine the best configuration to be adopted for the establishment of the link meeting predetermined
conditions of the first desired SLA target service and the second desired SLA target service,

the second controller configured to determine quality scores based on a maximum bitrate on Mk frequencies of the sub-band
Bk and based on a comparison of received symbols with the known test sequence, to transmit the quality scores to the first
master communication post, and to transmit regarding the second desired SLA target service, and

the first master communication post configured to determine a capability of the sub-band Bk to respond to the first desired
SLA target service and to the second desired SLA target service, to determine a sub-channel based on the quality scores received,
and to select the sub-band Bk representing the predetermined conditions of the first desired SLA target service and the second
desired SLA target service, and thereafter to trigger the bidirectional communication with the second called communication
post.

US Pat. No. 9,234,963

OPTICALLY AUGMENTED WEAPON LOCATING SYSTEM AND METHODS OF USE

Thales-Raytheon Systems C...

19. A weapon locating system, comprising:
an optical sensor system configured to detect a weapon firing event, the detected weapon firing event indicative of a detected
firing of the weapon and indicative of a detected time of the weapon firing event;

a radar system configured to detect a projectile fired from the weapon;
a processor configured to calculate a state vector associated with the projectile detection and to backtrack the state vector
until the backtracked state vector intersects with the detected time of the weapon firing event detected by the optical sensor
system, the processor further configured to use the intersection to identify the location of the weapon; and

a communication system configured to communicate the location of the weapon.

US Pat. No. 9,480,094

METHOD FOR IMPROVING THE HF BAND LINK ESTABLISHMENT USING A BROADBAND CAPABILITY

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A method for improving a High Frequency (HF) band link establishment in a communication system including one or more transmit
terminals or calling terminals and one or more receive terminals or called terminals, at least one of the calling or called
terminals having a broadband capability, comprising at least the following steps:
creating call bands and listening bands according to the broadband transmit and/or receive capabilities, the number of frequencies
being known, the minimum number of bands being suitable for covering the entire frequency plan,

minimising the number of bands and then maximising the number of frequencies in each of transmit bands Bi
distributing the bands Bi regularly in time in order to minimise the intermediate listening time between two frequencies, at available temporal positions
close to a regular subdivision, and allocating a frequency fj to each band Bi in order to define a standard frequency plan for the operation of the system,

transmitting/receiving in broadband mode, by checking that the selected transmit frequencies are not already in use.

US Pat. No. 9,439,228

METHOD FOR MANAGING AT LEAST ONE DYNAMIC VIRTUAL CONNECTION BETWEEN A MOBILE TERMINAL AND A COMMUNICATION NETWORK, THE ASSOCIATED COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCTS AND COMMUNICATION NETWORK

THALES, Neuilly sur Sein...

1. A method of managing at least one dynamic virtual connection between a mobile terminal and a communication network, the
communication network being in conformity with the Long Term Evolution (LTE) standard and including a plurality of quality
of service managers, multiple network gateways and multiple base stations, each network gateway being connected, on the one
hand, to a quality of service manager, and on the other hand, to one or more base stations,
the mobile terminal being configured to be connected to a preceding base station and of being configured to be connected to
a preceding gateway via the preceding base station, the preceding gateway being dependent upon the location of the mobile
terminal,

one or more dynamic virtual connections in accordance with the LTE standard being arranged between the mobile terminal and
the preceding gateway, via the preceding base station, each having at least one connection parameter,

the method includes:
detecting the connection of the mobile terminal to another base station, the other base station being connected to a subsequent
gateway to which the mobile terminal was not previously connected, the detecting being carried out by the subsequent gateway,

wherein the method further includes:
creating via a subsequent quality of service manager connected to the subsequent gateway, one or more dynamic virtual connections
according to the LTE standard between the mobile terminal and the subsequent gateway, the number of dynamic virtual connections
created between the mobile terminal and the subsequent gateway being equal to the number of preceding dynamic virtual connections
arranged between the mobile terminal and the preceding gateway, and the connection parameter or parameters of the dynamic
virtual connection or connections between the mobile terminal and the subsequent gateway being identical to the connection
parameter or parameters of the preceding dynamic virtual connection or connections between the mobile terminal and the preceding
gateway.

US Pat. No. 9,077,592

LOW PHASE-NOISE INDIRECT FREQUENCY SYNTHESIZER

Thales, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A frequency synthesizer, with low phase noise, including, arranged in series, a first mixer receiving at its first input
a reference signal at a reference frequency Fr, a loop filter and a voltage-controlled oscillator delivering at output a microwave signal at a second frequency F0 slaved to a multiple of said reference frequency Fr, the frequency synthesizer further comprising:
a frequency multiplier configured to multiply the frequency F0 of said microwave signal by a factor N strictly greater than 1,

a frequency corrector configured to correct the frequency N·F0 of the output signal of said frequency multiplier configured to restore this frequency N·F0 to an interval [F0min, F0max] in which said output frequency F0 would vary if said multiplication factor N was equal to 1,

a frequency divider configured to divide the frequency Fj of the output signal of said frequency corrector by a factor equal to the expected ratio between said frequency Fj and the reference frequency Fr,

said frequency divider being connected at output to the second input of the first mixer.

US Pat. No. 9,327,743

GUIDEWAY MOUNTED VEHICLE LOCALIZATION SYSTEM

Thales Canada Inc, Toron...

1. A system, comprising:
a speed detector configured to generate speed data associated with a movement of a vehicle;
a marker sensor configured to generate marker data based on a detection of an object along a wayside of a guideway along which
the vehicle is configured to move;

a controller coupled with the speed detector and the marker sensor, the controller being configured to (1) calculate a distance
the vehicle moved based on the speed data and the marker data, (2) generate location information based on the distance the
vehicle moved and the marker data, and (3) generate an indication the vehicle is stationary based on the speed data;

a sensor unit comprising an accelerometer, a gyroscope, and a magnetometer, the sensor unit being configured to generate sensor
data based on information gathered by one or more of the accelerometer, the gyroscope, or the magnetometer; and

a processor coupled with the sensor unit and the controller, the processor being configured to process the sensor data to
determine a vehicle position based on the sensor data and the location information,

wherein the controller is configured to compare the location information with the vehicle position to determine if a difference
between the location information and the vehicle position is within a predetermined threshold range.

US Pat. No. 9,357,328

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DISTRIBUTING CONTENT USING ATTRIBUTES

Thales Avionics, Inc., I...

1. A system comprising:
a fixed content server positioned at a location, the fixed content server comprising a processing circuit configured to:
store electronic content for delivery to nomadic servers on vehicles;
obtain information defining a schedule for arrival of an identified one of the vehicles transporting a nomadic server to a
sequence of destination locations;

identify destination content servers at respective ones of the sequence of destination locations;
generate electronic packages containing portions of the electronic content;
initiate communication delivery of a first one of the electronic packages from the fixed content server to a first destination
content server at a first one of the sequence of destination locations based on the schedule for arrival of the identified
vehicle transporting the nomadic server to the first one of the sequence of destination locations so delivery of the first
one of the electronic packages is initiated while the identified vehicle is traveling to the first one of the sequence of
destination locations and then uploaded from the first destination content server to the nomadic server of the identified
vehicle upon arrival;

initiate communication delivery of a second one of the electronic packages from the fixed content server to a second destination
content server at a second one of the sequence of destination locations based on the schedule for arrival of the identified
vehicle transporting the nomadic server to the second one of the sequence of destination locations so delivery of the second
one of the electronic packages is initiated while the identified vehicle is traveling to the second one of the sequence of
destination locations and then uploaded from the second destination content server to the nomadic server of the identified
vehicle upon arrival;

obtain information defining a schedule for departure of the identified vehicle transporting the nomadic server from the first
one of the sequence of destination locations and from the second one of the sequence of destination locations;

determine a first time to upload the first one of the electronic packages from the first destination content server to the
nomadic server of the identified vehicle and a second time to upload the second one of the electronic packages from the second
destination content server to the nomadic server of the identified vehicle;

provision quality of service that a first network uses to deliver the first electronic package from the fixed content server
to the first destination content server based on the first time to upload, the schedule for arrival of the identified vehicle
transporting the nomadic server to the first one of the sequence of destination locations, and the schedule for departure
of the identified vehicle from the first one of the sequence of destination locations; and

provision quality of service that a second network uses to deliver the second electronic package from the fixed content server
to the second destination content server based on the second time to upload, the schedule for arrival of the identified vehicle
transporting the nomadic server to the second one of the sequence of destination locations, and the schedule for departure
of the identified vehicle from the second one of the sequence of destination locations.

US Pat. No. 9,343,791

FREQUENCY-TUNABLE MICROWAVE-FREQUENCY WAVE FILTER WITH A DIELECTRIC RESONATOR INCLUDING AT LEAST ONE ELEMENT THAT ROTATES

Thales, Neuilly sur Sein...

1. A frequency-tunable microwave-frequency wave filter with a dielectric resonator, the frequency-tunable microwave-frequency
wave filter comprising:
a metallic cavity; and
at least one stack of elements defining the dielectric resonator positioned along a rotation axis inside of the metallic cavity,
wherein the at least one stack of elements includes at least a first element made of a first dielectric material and a second
element made of at least one of the first dielectric material and a second dielectric material,

wherein the second element rotates relative to the first element about the rotation axis between a first position and at least
one second position,

wherein the first position is separated from the at least one second position by an angle of rotation,
wherein a first shape of an outside envelope of the at least one stack of elements as defined by an arrangement of the first
element and the second element in the first position is different than a second shape of the outside envelope of the at least
one stack of elements as defined by an arrangement of the first element and the second element in the at least one second
position,

wherein the second element is positioned in the first position and the frequency-tunable microwave-frequency wave filter defines
a first resonator and exhibits a first central frequency, and

wherein the second element is positioned in the at least one second position and the frequency-tunable microwave-frequency
wave filter defines a second resonator and exhibits a second central frequency different than the first central frequency.

US Pat. No. 9,413,306

METHOD OF CALIBRATING A MULTIPORT AMPLIFIER, MULTIPORT AMPLIFIER ALLOWING THE IMPLEMENTATION OF SUCH A METHOD, AND SATELLITE COMPRISING SUCH AN AMPLIFIER

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A method of calibrating a multiport amplifier comprising a plurality of input ports, a plurality of power amplifiers linked
to the plurality of input ports by way of a matrix for distributing signals, and a plurality of output ports linked to the
plurality of power amplifiers by way of a matrix for recombining signals, the matrices for distributing and recombining signals
being adapted for dividing a signal present at an input port between a plurality of the power amplifiers and for recombining
the signal, amplified, at a level of an output port, an element for weighting the signals being associated with each power
amplifier;
wherein the method comprises:a) determining a normalized mean cross-correlation between an output signal present at the output port, taken as reference,
and signals present at the other output ports; andb) iteratively adjusting weights of the weighting elements to minimize the normalized mean cross-correlation or to render
it less than a predetermined threshold;
wherein the weights are complex weights, each weight comprising a modulus and a phase, wherein step b) further comprises:
b1) iteratively adjusting the phases of the weights; and
b2) iteratively adjusting the moduli of the weights; and
wherein the steps b1) and b2) are implemented successively, in an arbitrary order, and wherein step b1) further comprises
successive adjusting of the phases of the weights of the weighting elements associated with the power amplifiers; and wherein
step b2) further comprises successive adjusting of the moduli of the weights of the weighting elements associated with the
power amplifiers.

US Pat. No. 9,392,704

METHOD OF PRODUCING RESONANT PATTERNS ADAPTED TO THE IMPLEMENTATION OF RF PASSIVE FUNCTIONS

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A method for producing one or more radio-frequency resonant patterns on a multilayer printed circuit, comprising:
preparing the multilayer printed circuit for chemical etching;
chemically etching at least part of the multilayer printed circuit;
pressing the multilayer printed circuit;
drilling the multilayer printed circuit to produce a plurality of holes necessary for producing conductive metalized vias;
machining the multilayer printed circuit to produce the one or more radio-frequency resonant patterns having contours on the
multilayer printed circuit wherein a dielectric of the one or more radio-frequency resonant patterns is air;

milling the contours of the one or more radio-frequency resonant patterns; and
metallizing edge surfaces of the contours of the one or radio-frequency resonant patterns simultaneously while producing the
plurality of holes.

US Pat. No. 9,387,867

FUSION SENSOR ARRANGEMENT FOR GUIDEWAY MOUNTED VEHICLE AND METHOD OF USING THE SAME

Thales Canada Inc, Toron...

1. A fusion sensor arrangement comprising:
a first sensor configured to detect the presence of an object along a wayside of a guideway, wherein the first sensor is sensitive
to a first electromagnetic spectrum;

a second sensor configured to detect the presence of the object along the wayside of the guideway, wherein the second sensor
is sensitive to a second electromagnetic spectrum different from the first electromagnetic spectrum; and

a data fusion center connected to the first sensor and to the second sensor, wherein the data fusion center is configured
to receive first sensor information from the first sensor and second sensor information from the second sensor, and to resolve
a conflict between the first sensor information and the second sensor information,

wherein
the data fusion center is configured to resolve the conflict based on a priority rule associated with a distance between the
fusion sensor arrangement and the object, and a type of sensor of the first sensor and the second sensor,

the first sensor is configured to determine the distance between the fusion sensor arrangement and the object for a distance
less than a predetermined threshold value, and

the second sensor is configured to determine the distance between the fusion sensor arrangement and the object for a distance
greater than or equal to the predetermined threshold value.

US Pat. No. 9,282,530

IN-FLIGHT ENTERTAINMENT SYSTEM THAT IDENTIFIES SEAT LOCATIONS OF VIDEO DISPLAY UNITS AND PERSONAL ELECTRONIC DEVICES

Thales Avionics, Inc., I...

1. A method by a seat location measurement computer node comprising:
measuring distances between a plurality of radio access nodes and a plurality of transceiver devices located at different
respective ones of seats arranged according to a seat layout map residing in memory, based on measurements of radio frequency
(RF) signals received by the radio access nodes from the transceiver devices;

retrieving from the seat layout map, locations of the radio access nodes relative to the seats;
for each of the transceiver devices, identifying one of the seats within the seat layout map where the transceiver device
is located based on comparison of the measured distances between the radio access nodes and the transceiver device and the
retrieved locations of the radio access nodes relative to the seats, and further based on comparison of the measured distances
between the radio access nodes and the other transceiver devices to identify which of the seats within the seat layout map
is closest to the transceiver device;

for each of the transceiver devices, storing in the memory an identifier for the transceiver device associated with an identifier
for the identified one of the seats;

receiving through a network interface a user request message from one of the transceiver devices that is directed to a notification
terminal, the user request message containing the identifier for the transceiver;

retrieving from the memory the identifier for the one of the seats that is associated with the identifier for the transceiver;
and

controlling the notification terminal to display a passenger request notification with an indication of the identifier for
the one of the seats that is associated with the identifier for the transceiver, which was retrieved from the memory.

US Pat. No. 9,390,385

GUIDEWAY-GUIDED VEHICLE DETECTION BASED ON RFID SYSTEM

Thales Canada Inc, Toron...

1. An apparatus for detecting the information about a guideway-guided vehicle having a masking component, the guideway-guided
vehicle configured to follow a path of a guideway, comprising a radio frequency identification (RFID) system comprising:
a first RFID transponder for transmitting, across the path, first RFID transponder specific information;
an RFID reader having a first antenna for receiving the first RFID transponder specific information; and
wherein the first RFID transponder and the first antenna are fixed relative to the path and on opposite sides of the path;
wherein the RFID reader is configured to continuously monitor the first transponder specific information; and
wherein the presence of the masking component of the guideway-guided vehicle between the first RFID transponder and the first
antenna masks the continuous monitoring of the first RFID transponder specific information;

a second RFID transponder for transmitting, across the path, second RFID transponder specific information; and
a second antenna for receiving the second RFID transponder specific information; and
wherein the second RFID transponder and the second antenna are fixed relative to the path and on opposite sides of the path;
wherein the RFID reader is configured to continuously monitor the second transponder specific information from the second
RFID transponder; and

wherein the presence of the masking component of the guideway-guided vehicle between the second RFID transponder and the second
antenna masks the continuous monitoring of the second RFID transponder specific information;

wherein the first RFID transponder is separated from the second RFID transponder by a distance, along or parallel to the path,
such that the presence of the masking component of the guideway-guided vehicle between the first RFID transponder and the
first antenna sufficient to mask the continuous monitoring of the first RFID transponder specific information does not occur
at the same time of masking the continuous monitoring of the second RFID transponder specific information.

US Pat. No. 9,108,277

PROCESS FOR MANUFACTURING A DEVICE COMPRISING BRAZES PRODUCED FROM METAL OXALATE

THALES, Courbevoie (FR) ...

1. A process for manufacturing a device comprising at least one support and at least one component, comprising:
precipitating a soluble metal salt by oxalic acid or ammonium oxalate to obtain a metal oxalate;
dissolving the metal oxalate in an aqueous-alcoholic solvent to obtain at least one of a suspension and a paste;
heating an assembly of the at least one support and the at least one component at a heating rate greater than around 150°
C./h; and

joining the at least one support and the at least one component by brazing with the at least one of a suspension and a paste,
wherein the metal oxalate generates nanoscale metallic particles, wherein a melting temperature of the nanoscale metallic
particles is lower than a melting temperature of the metal in a bulk state.

US Pat. No. 9,060,202

CONTROLLING DISPLAY OF CONTENT ON NETWORKED PASSENGER CONTROLLERS AND VIDEO DISPLAY UNITS

Thales Avionics, Inc., I...

1. A controller for controlling an entertainment system that includes a video display unit that is separate from the controller,
the controller comprising:
a network interface for communicating with the video display unit via at least one data network, wherein the network interface
comprises:

a first transceiver to communicate with a remote first transceiver connected to the video display unit, wherein the first
transceiver and the remote first transceiver are near field transceivers that wirelessly communicate with each other using
radio frequency signals, and

a second transceiver to wirelessly communicate through radio frequency signals with a remote second transceiver connected
to the video display unit;

a display device; and
a processing device to:
control the first transceiver to establish a first communication link with the remote first transceiver and receive an identifier
for the video display unit without performing pairing of the first transceiver and the remote first transceiver;

control the second transceiver to use the identifier for the video display unit to perform pairing to the remote second transceiver
to establish a second communication link with the remote second transceiver, wherein prior to performing the pairing the processing
device cannot transmit a command through the second transceiver to the remote second transceiver and cannot receive content
through the second transceiver from the remote second transceiver;

after performing the pairing, communicate a first command through the second transceiver and the second communication link
to the remote second transceiver to control a display of first content on the video display unit;

after performing the pairing, receive second content through the second transceiver via the second communication link from
the remote second transceiver; and

control a display of the second content on the display device of the controller, wherein the second content is displayed on
the display device of the controller concurrently with the first content displayed on the video display unit.

US Pat. No. 9,411,161

DISPLAY SYSTEM COMPRISING A SCREEN COMPRISING AN ARRAY OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL SCATTERING PATTERNS

Thales, Neuilly sur Sein...

1. Display system comprising an image projector and an associated display screen, the said display system designed to be used
by an observer situated at a given location, the said display screen comprising two transparent and substantially parallel
faces, the said display screen comprising, on at least one of its transparent faces, a plurality of regularly distributed
scattering patterns, wherein, since the image projector illuminates the screen under a plurality of angles of incidence determined
by the position and the size of the display screen, the said angles of incidence being centred on a mean angle of incidence,
the optical patterns comprise at least one scattering surface oriented in such a manner as to scatter the light rays having
at least the mean angle of incidence in one or more directions corresponding to the said given location of the observer, the
patterns being holes formed in one of the two transparent faces, each hole comprising a scattering and opaque part turned
towards the mean angle of incidence.

US Pat. No. 9,169,018

AIRCRAFT RADIO SYSTEM

Thales Holdings UK Plc, ...

1. An aircraft radio system comprising:
a plurality of radios, each radio having a transceiver and a dedicated processor platform to carry out waveform processing
for the transceiver;

the dedicated processor platforms being interconnected to one another through a digital communications network such that the
dedicated processor platforms constitute a virtual processing environment for the aircraft radio system,

wherein, within the virtual processing environment, processing of an individual waveform received by a first one of the transceivers
is distributed across at least two of the dedicated processor platforms, such that the processing of the individual waveform
is carried out in part by the processor platform dedicated to the first one of the transceivers and in part by one or more
of the processor platforms that are dedicated to other ones of the transceivers.

US Pat. No. 9,532,492

ELECTROMAGNETIC PROTECTION DEVICE ABLE TO PROTECT A MICROWAVE CONNECTION BETWEEN A CONNECTOR AND A MICROWAVE ELEMENT

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. An electromagnetic protection device able to protect a microwave connection between a microwave connector placed on a housing
and at least one element of a microwave circuit contained in said housing, said device being formed by a separate pipe, ensuring
ground continuity between the electric ground of the microwave circuit and the mechanical ground of the housing and of the
cover, said device being made of an annealed copper alloy treated by gold plating, of which the inner diameter is dimensioned
such that the characteristic impedance of the pipe is equal to that of the connector and that of the element of the microwave
circuit.

US Pat. No. 9,252,869

SATELLITE TELECOMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM FOR PROVIDING STAR TRAFFIC AND MESH TRAFFIC

Thales, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A satellite telecommunications system for providing star traffic and mesh traffic, including:
a satellite, at least one terrestrial gateway located in a metropolitan coverage area,
a global coverage area and a plurality of fixed or mobile user terminals distributed in the global coverage area,
a bidirectional radio link between the gateway and the satellite, bidirectional radio links between the satellite and the
user terminals, and

a telemetry and command link between the gateway and the satellite,
wherein the global coverage area is covered by a first set of spots of identical size, which partially overlap and which form
a regular cellular network, and by at least a second set of local spots, irregularly distributed in the global coverage area
and superimposed geographically on spots of the first set of spots,

wherein the spots of the first set have first allocated frequency bands corresponding to N different channels having the same
frequency capacity, where N is an integer greater than 1, said first frequency bands being re-used for different spots of
the first set spaced apart from each other, while the local spots of the second set have a second allocated frequency band
corresponding to a special channel having an increased frequency capacity, greater than the frequency capacity of the channels
of the spots of the first set, the special channel of the second set of spots being different from the channels of the first
set of spots, and

wherein in the global coverage area where a spot of the first set and a spot the second set of local spots are superimposed,
the frequency capacity is increased locally by cumulating the bandwidths of two channels in the N different channels allocated
to the two superimposed spots of said first set and said second set.

US Pat. No. 9,245,498

DISPLAY SYSTEM HAVING A SEMITRANSPARENT DISPLAY DEVICE DISPLAYING SYMBOLS WITH A CONTRASTED OUTLINE

Thales, Neuilly sur Sein...

1. A display system comprising:
an electronic computer that generates and processes at least one graphic symbol; and
an associated semitransparent display device that displays the at least one graphic symbol,
wherein the display device has two overlaid semitransparent flat display screens, a first display screen of the two overlaid
semitransparent flat display screens being passive and operating by modulation of an external light, and a second display
screen of the two overlaid semitransparent flat display screens being active and operating by emission of light,

wherein the at least one graphic symbol that is displayed on the display device comprises a first representation and a second
representation, the first representation being displayed on the first display screen with a low transmission rate for the
light and with a predetermined first size, the second representation being displayed on the second display screen in a same
place as the first representation with a predetermined luminance and with a predetermined second size that is smaller than
the first size so that the second representation is overlaid on the first representation and the at least one graphic symbol
that is displayed on the display device appears bright with a dark border, the dark border coming from the first representation
of the at least one graphic symbol and surrounding a shape of the second representation of the at least one graphic symbol.

US Pat. No. 9,173,007

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR SYNCHRONIZATION FOR DVB-S2 FRAME AND ITS ASSOCIATED FRAME STRUCTURE

THALES, Neuilly Sur Sein...

1. A communication system using the DVB-S2 standard, the system comprising:
a first transceiver U1 and a second transceiver U2, wherein:

a first super-frame ST1 associated with the first transceiver U1 comprises:

at least one first frame T1 comprising at least one first header and a first data part, and

a number d1 of first dummy variable size frames comprising s1 slots, a second super-frame ST2 associated with the second transceiver U2 comprises:

at least one second frame T2 comprising at least one second header and a second data part, and

a number d2 of second dummy variable size frames comprising s2 slots;

a controller configured to determine the number d1 of the first dummy variable size frames within the first super-frame ST1 and the number d2 of the second dummy variable size frames within the second super-frame ST2 so that a second temporal duration of the second super-frame ST2 is equal to a first temporal duration of the first super-frame ST1; and

k transceivers Uk and k super-frames STk based on a minimum band B of the communication system, wherein the super-frames STk
of band nB are determined by multiplying n by a number of frames per super-frame of the minimum band B, where k is a positive
integer greater than or equal to two and n is a positive integer greater than zero that depends on time.

US Pat. No. 9,234,909

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DETERMINING AN AIRSPEED OF AN AIRCRAFT

Thales, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A method for determining an airspeed of an assisted aircraft, comprising the following steps:
a) determining a position of said assisted aircraft;
b) measuring a ground speed of said assisted aircraft;
c) receiving a plurality of messages from a plurality of other aircraft, called assisting aircraft, each said message containing:
a first item of information, indicating a position of a said assisting aircraft, and a second item of information, indicating
a wind speed at said position;

d) estimating a wind speed at the position of said assisted aircraft by interpolating the wind speed values at the positions
of said assisting aircraft obtained in said step c); and

e) computing a true speed TAS of said assisted aircraft by using a vector difference between its ground speed, measured in
said step b), and the wind speed estimated in said step d),

wherein:
said steps a) and b) are implemented by at least one device aboard said assisted aircraft and chosen from among: a GNSS receiver
and an inertial control centre;

said step c) is implemented by a receiver aboard said assisted aircraft; and
said steps d) and e) are implemented by a processor.

US Pat. No. 9,233,764

IN-FLIGHT ENTERTAINMENT SEAT END SIMULATOR

Thales Avionics, Inc., I...

1. A method for testing a vehicle entertainment (IFE) system, comprising:
functionally replicating each of a plurality of IFE components selected from the group consisting of an aircraft interface
unit, a content server unit, a network distribution unit, and a seat unit to provide a corresponding aircraft interface unit
simulator model, content server unit simulator unit model, network distribution unit simulator model and seat unit simulator
model, respectively, each simulator unit model simulating a corresponding function of the respective IFE component;

replacing at least one of the plurality of IFE components with a corresponding one of the simulator unit models on a simulator
server having a processor, the simulator server connecting to an IFE network that also connects at least one of actual or
simulated seat units to at least one of actual or simulated content servers;

providing a test controller that controls each simulator unit model;
transmitting scenario information containing operation instructions to the simulator unit model; and
executing the scenario information by the simulator unit model to perform operations corresponding to the operation instructions
that cause the simulator unit model to communicate over the IFE network.

US Pat. No. 9,094,109

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR COMPRESSING A WIDE BAND RADIO-NAVIGATION SIGNAL, ASSOCIATED METHOD AND DEVICE FOR CALCULATING THE CORRELATION FUNCTION OF THE SPREADING CODE OF THE COMPRESSED SIGNAL

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A method for compressing a wide band satellite radio-navigation signal in order to transmit it on a narrow band channel,
said method comprising:
receiving a satellite radio-navigation signal,
performing a spectral conversion of said satellite radio-navigation signal into a plurality N of frequency channels of reduced
bandwidth,

time-shifting each of the channelled signals by a predetermined distinct delay, the delay being configured so as to be greater
than a duration of a correlation support of a spreading code of a channelled signal, and

accumulating the shifted channelled signals in order to produce a compressed signal.

US Pat. No. 9,368,876

IN-SERVICE RECONFIGURABLE ANTENNA REFLECTOR

Thales, Neuilly sur Sein...

1. An in-service reconfigurable antenna reflector, adapted for reflecting a beam of electromagnetic waves, comprising a rigid
support and a membrane, deformable and having radio-electric reflectivity properties, and comprising:
a plurality of coupling means connecting the rigid support and the membrane, which are distributed over the surface of the
membrane, comprising a first link of finger ball joint type connected to the rigid support, and a second link of finger ball
joint type connected to the membrane, and

each coupling means further comprising a linear actuator, comprising a rotary motor and a screw-nut assembly, connected to
the two links of finger ball joint type, and able to generate, in an operational configuration, a translational motion allowing
the deformation of the membrane;

the membrane not being fixed to the rigid support at its periphery.

US Pat. No. 9,369,923

TRANSMISSION METHOD IN AN AD HOC MULTI-HOP IP NETWORK

THALES, Neuilly sur Sein...

1. A method for transmitting information in an ad hoc multi-hop network including the transmission of a message from a source
transmitting node to a final receiving node through a series of hops from a transmitting node to an immediately following
receiving node, using:
a reliability management mechanism, the method including:
upon compliant receipt on each hop of at least one message by the receiving node, sending an acknowledgment message to the
sole transmitting node; and

applying a retransmission law of the message on the hop, from the transmitting node to the receiving node, said law including
message non-retransmission rules leading to the non-retransmission of the message, and

b) a mechanism for managing congestion of the nodes providing for a limitation of the throughput (?) for sending from the
transmitting node to the receiving node following congestion information from the receiving node sent to the transmitting
node,

wherein the method further includes applying the congestion management mechanism only on a hop-by-hop basis, the congestion
information only being transmitted from the receiving node to the transmitting node over a single hop to limit only the throughput
for sending from the transmitting node to the receiving node.

US Pat. No. 9,574,963

DEVICE FOR MONITORING A PROBE FOR MEASURING THE PRESSURE OF A FLOW

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A device for monitoring a probe for measuring the pressure of a flow; the probe comprising an internal volume and at least
one orifice connected with the outside of the volume; the device comprising:
an acoustic transmitter and receiver,
connection means connecting the device to the probe, so that the transmitter transmits an acoustic signal that is propagated
in the internal volume and so that the receiver picks up an acoustic signal observed in the internal volume,

an electronic module comprising:
an audio transmission and reception circuit, linked to the transmitter and to the receiver by an analog link,
a non-erasable memory comprising a digital encryption key,
an erasable read-only memory,
a digital communication interface, configured to transmit or receive digital signals between the outside of the device and
the audio circuit, the non-erasable memory and the erasable read-only memory.

US Pat. No. 9,183,439

METHOD OF SEARCHING FOR PARAMETERIZED CONTOURS FOR COMPARING IRISES

Thales, (FR)

1. A method for detecting outlines for iris comparison, comprising:
selecting N candidate outlines of circular form by applying a circle search technique to an image of edges of an iris,
optimizing the form and the position of the N candidate outlines, the optimized candidate outlines being determined by using
parametric models, a set of parameters being determined for each candidate outline by minimizing a quantity of energy E(C),

selecting the best optimized candidate outline
wherein the quantity of energy E(C) associated with a candidate outline C is equal to the sum of the edge energy Eedge(C) and of the region energy Eregion(C) of said outline.

US Pat. No. 9,423,568

DEVICE FOR ELECTRO-OPTICAL SAMPLING OF A MICROWAVE FREQUENCY SIGNAL

THALES, Neuilly sur Sein...

1. An electro-optical sampling device for electro-optical sampling of a microwave frequency signal comprising:
a microwave transmission line configured to transmit a microwave signal, the microwave transmission line comprising an interruption
zone configured to be rendered conducting under the effect of an optical control signal so as to carry out a function of optically
controlled interrupter switch,

wherein the device further comprises, in the interruption zone, a layer of nanostructured semiconductor material comprising
a periodic or quasi-periodic tiling of nanostructures, the semiconductor material having a refractive index, the layer of
nanostructured semiconductor material being placed, at the level of the interruption zone, in suspension or on a dielectric
material of lower refractive index than the refractive index of the semiconductor material, the layer of nanostructured semiconductor
material configured to carry out the function of optically controlled interrupter switch.

US Pat. No. 9,136,596

MOBILE DIRECTIONAL ANTENNA WITH POLARIZATION SWITCHING

THALES, Neuilly sur Sein...

1. An antenna with polarization switching comprising:
a plurality of waveguides fed with radiofrequency signals and perforated with apertures, the apertures being disposed to illuminate
radiating elements placed on support means in a plane that is distant from the apertures, the support means being configured
to switch between at least a first and a second configuration,

wherein in the first configuration adjacent radiating elements are illuminated and oriented along a first direction with respect
to the apertures, and in the second configuration adjacent radiating elements are illuminated and oriented along a second
direction, different from the first direction, with respect to the apertures.

US Pat. No. 9,362,604

RF PLANAR FILTER HAVING RESONATOR SEGMENTS CONNECTED BY ADJUSTABLE ELECTRICAL LINKS

Thales, Courbevoie (FR)

1. An adjustable radiofrequency filter in planar technology comprising:
a dielectric substrate and n resonators R1, R2, . . . Ri, . . . Rj, . . . Rk, . . . Rn integrated into the substrate, wherein each resonator comprises, on a principal plane
PL of the substrate, a succession of referenced segments t1, t2, . . . tq, . . . tp of planar transmission lines each having two ends, p being the number of segments of planar transmission
lines of the resonator Ri considered, p being equal to or greater than 2, q being a reference to the segment, an end of a
segment tq of a resonator Ri being opposite and separated by a distance d from an end of the next segment t(q+1) of the same
resonator Ri, the opposite ends of the successive segments of a resonator Ri being linked by an electrical link which locally
raises the characteristic impedance of the resonator Ri considered, said electrical link comprising an adjustable element
placed between two segment ends of a resonator excluding ends of said resonator.

US Pat. No. 9,128,841

REMOTE SHUTDOWN VIA FIBER

Thales Canada Inc., Toro...

1. A system for remote shutdown of a slave unit, the system comprising:
a master unit comprising a first computing device, a second computing device, a first vital supervision card (VSC), a second
VSC, a first copper to fiber (C/F) converter, and a second C/F converter, wherein the first computing device is configured
to send a first life signal to the first VSC and the first C/F converter, and the second computing device is configured to
send a second life signal to the second VSC and the second C/F converter;

a slave unit comprising a third VSC, a fourth VSC, a first fiber to copper (F/C) converter, and a second F/C converter, wherein
the first F/C converter is configured to forward the first life signal to the third VSC, and the second F/C converter is configured
to forward the second life signal to the fourth VSC; and

at least one fiber coupled between the master unit and the slave unit, configured to forward the first life signal from the
first C/F converter to the first F/C converter and the second life signal from the second C/F converter to the second F/C
converter,

wherein:
the first C/F converter is configured to be powered down in response to the second VSC failing to verify the second life signal;
the second C/F converter is configured to be powered down in response to the first VSC failing to verify the first life signal;
the first F/C converter is configured to be powered down in response to the fourth VSC failing to verify the second life signal;
and

the second F/C converter is configured to be powered down in response to the third VSC failing to verify the first life signal.

US Pat. No. 9,469,411

POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM WITH HETEROGENEOUS MULTIPLE INPUT

THALES, Neuilly sur Sein...

1. A power supply system adapted to be connected in input to N distinct power supply grids (R1, . . . , RN) delivering a direct or alternating input voltage (V1, . . . , VN), and to deliver a direct distribution voltage (VBUS), N being an integer greater than or equal to 2, of the type comprising:
a distribution bus operating under the distribution voltage (VBUS),

N unidirectional converters (C1, . . . , CN) adapted to be respectively connected in input to a given power grid (R1, . . . , RN) and adapted to deliver an electrical power (P1, . . . , PN) to the distribution bus, and

control means adapted to control the unidirectional converters (C1, . . . , CN),

characterized in that the power supply system also includes an energy storage device connected to the distribution bus and
having a quantity of energy (E), and in that the control means are adapted to control the unidirectional converters (C1, . . . , CN) simultaneously to regulate the electrical power (P1, . . . , PN) delivered by each of said unidirectional converters (C1, . . . , CN), according to a priority order between the power supply grids determined as a function of the quantity of energy (E).

US Pat. No. 9,391,644

METHOD OF DECODING A CORRECTING CODE, FOR EXAMPLE A TURBO-CODE, BY ANALYSIS OF THE EXTENDED SPECTRUM OF THE WORDS OF THE CODE

Thales, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A computer-implemented iterative method for decoding a received code word from a correcting code, the code word being represented
by a local likelihood value for each bit of the code word, the iterative method comprising the following steps executed by
a processor and a memory:
analysing an extended spectrum of words of the correcting code to generate a table containing, for each bit of a code word,
an information regarding distance between the code word and the code word obtained by decoding and then re-encoding the code
word for which a value of a bit is erroneous, and

for each bit of index i of a subset of bits of the code word received, executing in an iterative manner the following steps:
decoding the received code word,
calculating an overall likelihood value IM(i) for the decoded code word,
comparing, onwards of a second iteration (i=2), the overall likelihood value IM(i) calculated at a current iteration with
an overall likelihood value IM(i?1) calculated at a previous iteration,

modifying an amplitude and a sign of a local likelihood value LLR(i) for a bit of index i of the received code word, the selected
index i corresponding to that index of the table which is associated with a lowest distance in the table, from among indices
not selected at a previous iteration,

onwards of the second iteration (i=2), if the overall likelihood value IM(i) calculated at the current iteration is less than
the overall likelihood value IM(i?1) calculated at the previous iteration, reinitializing the local likelihood value LLR(i?1)
of the bit of index i?1 of the received code word that was modified at the previous iteration.

US Pat. No. 9,121,215

SYSTEM FOR SUPERVISING ACCESS TO RESTRICTED AREA, AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING SUCH A SYSTEM

THALES, Neuilly sur Sein...

1. A system for supervising access to a restricted area, comprising at least one obstacle that is mobile between a deployed
configuration, in which said obstacle extends across a passageway leading to or out of said restricted area, and a stowed
configuration, in which said obstacle is removed from said passageway, the system also comprising:
a drive unit driving the obstacle between the deployed configuration and the stowed configuration, exerting an applied torque
on the obstacle,

a measuring device measuring a measured position of the obstacle,
a circulation authorization system, installed in a motor compartment of the access supervision system, and comprising a central
unit and document readers, each document reader communicating with a travel document of a user, and the central unit determining
whether the user owning the travel document is authorized to use the passageway, and

a control module controlling the drive unit,
comparing the measured position of the obstacle at at least one moment in time with a theoretical position of the obstacle
at said moment in time, and performing at least one of stabilizing and reducing the applied torque when the applied torque
exceeds a threshold torque,

wherein the value of the threshold torque is different depending on whether the difference between the measured position and
the theoretical position of the obstacle is positive or negative.

US Pat. No. 9,574,879

MEMS ANGULAR INERTIAL SENSOR OPERATING IN TUNING FORK MODE

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A micro-machined inertial angular sensor comprising:
two vibrating masses, machined in a generally plane support wafer, which are mobile with respect to the wafer and mobile with
respect to one another, suspended from fixed anchoring points of the wafer by suspension springs and coupled together by coupling
springs so as to vibrate in phase opposition,

at least one transducer for exciting a vibration motion of one of the masses along a direction X in the plane of the wafer,
a transducer for exciting this mass along a direction Y perpendicular to the direction X and in the plane of the wafer, a
transducer for detecting a vibration of one of the masses along the direction X and a transducer for detecting a vibration
of one of the masses along the direction Y, the excitation transducers and detection transducers each comprising a pair of
interdigitated combs having a mobile comb formed of a row of teeth fastened to the vibrating mass and a fixed comb formed
of a row of teeth fastened to a fixed electrode, the interdigitation of the teeth at rest being dissymmetric, and

at least one first frequency adjustment electrostatic transducer, as interdigitated combs with symmetric interdigitation at
rest, able to apply an adjustable electrostatic stiffness to the vibrating mass along the direction X, and a second frequency
adjustment electrostatic transducer similar to the first and able to apply to the vibrating mass an adjustable electrostatic
stiffness along the direction Y,

wherein the two mobile vibrating masses are disposed one around the other, as an inner mass and an outer mass, and their centres
of gravity coincide at rest,

wherein the coupling springs are each linked on one side to the inner mass and on the other to the outer mass and they have
identical stiffnesses along the direction X and along the direction Y,

wherein the stiffnesses of the springs for suspending the inner mass are identical along the direction X and along the direction
Y and the stiffnesses of the springs for suspending the outer mass are identical along the direction X and along the direction
Y, and they are proportional to the values of the respective masses, and

wherein the mobile assembly consisting of a vibrating mass and the parts of transducers fastened to this mass has a structure
which is generally symmetric with respect to an axis of symmetry OX parallel to the direction X and passing through the centre
of gravity of the mass, and also generally symmetric with respect to an axis of symmetry OY parallel to the direction Y and
passing through the centre of gravity of the mass.

US Pat. No. 9,575,489

METHOD OF ERROR DETECTION OF AN AIRCRAFT FLIGHT MANAGEMENT AND GUIDANCE SYSTEM AND HIGH-INTEGRITY FLIGHT MANAGEMENT AND GUIDANCE SYSTEM

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

16. A system for flight management and guidance of an aircraft with high integrity comprising:
a first FMS assembly comprising:
a part called the calculation part of the first FMS assembly comprising:
a first navigation database and a first performance database,
a first position calculation module configured to calculate a first reference position on the basis of data arising from onboard
sensors and the databases,

a first trajectory calculation module configured to calculate a first reference trajectory on the basis of data arising from
onboard sensors and the databases,

a first reference guidance module configured to generate a first reference guidance order, on the basis of the first reference
position and of the first reference trajectory

a part called the monitoring part of the first FMS assembly configured to
monitor the integrity of the first reference position on the basis of at least part of the data arising from onboard sensors,
store the first reference trajectory transmitted by the calculation part of the first FMS assembly,
generate a first monitoring guidance order calculated on the basis of the first reference position and of the first stored
reference trajectory,

monitor the integrity of the first reference guidance order with the first monitoring guidance orderthe said flight management and guidance system further comprising
a first automatic pilot comprising:
a reference part configured to generate a first reference flight control on the basis of the first reference guidance order,
a monitoring part configured to generate a first monitoring flight control, on the basis of the first reference guidance order,
the said first automatic pilot being further configured to verify the consistency of the first reference flight and monitoring
commands,

the flight management and guidance system being further configured to invalidate the first FMS assembly and the first associated
automatic pilot, when the first reference position is not monitored as being dependable or when the reference flight and monitoring
commands are inconsistent.

US Pat. No. 9,391,585

COMPACT MULTI-PORT ROUTER DEVICE

Centre National De La Rec...

1. A multi port router device capable of carrying a number P, which is greater than or equal to three, of frequency channels,
from a number M of input ports to a number N of output ports, at least one of the two numbers M and N being greater than or
equal to two, it including at least two filters, each of the filters comprising at least two coupled resonators, at least
one of the resonators (Rs1, Rs2, Re1) being common to the at least two filters, and each of the input ports and each of the output ports being connected directly
to at least one of the resonators, the router device is capable of appropriately performing routing in which it is possible
to supply on at least one of the output ports an output multiplex having at least a first and a second frequency channel of
the P frequency channels, among which the first frequency channel has originated from a first input multiplex, supplied on
a first one of the input ports and comprising said first frequency channel and at least one further frequency channel of the
P frequency channels, the at least one further frequency channel forwarded to a second one of the output ports of the device,
and the second frequency channel is either forwarded from a second one of the input ports, or, when the first input multiplex
comprises at least three different multiplexed frequency channels of the P frequency channels, the second frequency channel
originates from the first input multiplex, the first and second frequency channels, being frequentially disposed on both sides
of a third frequency channel of the P frequency channels, with the third frequency channel being routed to a different one
of the output ports.

US Pat. No. 9,348,011

LOCATION SYSTEM FOR A FLYING CRAFT

Thales, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A flying craft comprising:
a plurality of antennas distributed around a fuselage of the flying craft and configured to emit signals rearwards from the
flying craft with rectilinear polarization, the emitted signals being specific to each antenna, positions and dimensions of
the antennas being configured such that the fuselage of the flying craft avoids by masking for at least a first one of the
antennas reflections of the signal emitted by the first antenna off the ground or off lateral obstacles irrespective of a
position of the flying craft; and

a reception device comprising:
a plurality of monopulse antennas pointed in a same direction of sighting and operating in orthogonal planes; and
means for identifying and processing, separately, signals received from respective antennas of the flying craft, such that
signals emitted by separate antennas are identified and processed separately, and for automatically detecting and rejecting
received signals disturbed by reflections.

US Pat. No. 9,247,279

PORTABLE VEHICLE ENTERTAINMENT SYSTEMS WITH WIRELESS COMMUNICATION OF ENTERTAINMENT CONTENT

Thales Avionics, Inc., I...

8. A portable entertainment system for a vehicle, comprising:
a portable housing;
a transceiver configured to communication through radio frequency (RF) signals with Portable Electronic Devices (PEDs) operated
by vehicle passengers;

at least one processor;
at least one memory; and
a rechargeable battery that supplies power to the transceiver, the at least one processor and the at least one memory,
wherein the at least one memory is coupled to the at least one processor and comprises entertainment content and further comprises
computer readable program code that when executed by the at least one processor causes the at least one processor to perform
operations comprising:

communicating a list, of at least some of the entertainment content available in the at least one memory, to the PEDs;
receiving a content selection message through the transceiver from one of the PEDs that requests communication of a selected
one of the entertainment content identified in the list;

communicating the selected one of the entertainment content through the transceiver to the one of the PEDs;
monitoring remaining power of the rechargeable battery; and
controlling a level of service, that is provided to at least some of the PEDs for communication of electronic content, responsive
to the remaining power of the rechargeable battery, and

wherein the transceiver, the at least one processor, and the at least one memory are enclosed within the portable housing.

US Pat. No. 9,341,225

DEVICE FOR ISOLATING AN OBJECT FROM EXTERNAL MOTIONS

THALES NEDERLAND B.V., H...

1. A device for isolating an object from external motions, wherein the device comprises:
two wire rope isolators,
the two wire rope isolators being arranged such that, if one of the two wire rope isolators is loaded in compression, then
the other wire rope isolator is loaded in tension,

each of the two wire rope isolators comprising two retainer bars and at least one cable for flexibly connecting said two retainer
bars one to the other, and

linear guiding means for a relative displacement of some of the retainer bars with respect to the other retainer bars in a
single direction, the direction being a common tension-compression direction of the two wire rope isolators;

and wherein one of the two wipe rope isolators is an upper wire rope isolator and the other of the two wire rope isolators
is a lower wire rope isolator, each wire rope isolator comprising an upper retainer bar and a lower retainer bar,

the upper retainer bar of the upper wire rope isolator being rigidly connected to the lower retainer bar of the lower wire
rope isolator by virtue of bridging means, and

the lower retainer bar of the upper wire rope isolator being rigidly connected to the upper retainer bar of the lower wire
rope isolator,

the linear guiding means comprise a central retainer bar between the two wire rope isolators.

US Pat. No. 9,313,527

MANAGEMENT OF ENTERTAINMENT CONTENT DISTRIBUTED ACROSS SMART WIRELESS ACCESS POINTS OF IN-FLIGHT ENTERTAINMENT SYSTEM

Thales Avionics, Inc., I...

1. An entertainment system comprising:
a wireless access point comprising: a mass memory; at least one radio transceiver configured to communicate with seat display
devices; and

at least one processor configured to: receive entertainment content comprising a plurality of content items;
store the entertainment content in the mass memory;
select a subset of content items from among the content items of the entertainment content stored in the mass memory, based
on a defined rule; and

download the subset of content items from the mass memory to a plurality of the seat display devices through the at least
one radio transceiver for local storage within mass memory of the seat display devices; wherein: the entertainment system
comprises a plurality of the wireless access points communicatively connected to each other through a network; the at least
one processor of a first one of the wireless access points is configured to: obtain a first list of the content items stored
in the mass memory of the first wireless access point;

obtain a second list of content items stored in the mass memory of a second one of the wireless access points;
select the subset of content items from among the first and second lists based on the defined rule; and
based on a first portion of the subset of content items not being present in the first list but present in the second list,
obtain the first portion of the subset of content items from the mass memory of the second wireless access point through the
network for download to the plurality of the seat display devices through the at least one radio transceiver of the first
wireless access point for local storage within the mass memory of the seat display devices.

US Pat. No. 9,285,600

OPTICAL SYSTEM WITH SLAVED PUPIL ENCODING

Thales, Courbevoie (FR)

1. An optical system comprising:
at least one optical objective, a photosensitive detector and an image processing unit, the optical objective comprising a
pupil encoding filter, said pupil encoding filter being fixed relative to the at least one optical objective, the image processing
unit configured to perform digital filtering of images output by the photosensitive detector, the processing unit configured
to process a plurality of presets, and to implement:

a first sub-assembly comprising a table of laws relating input presets to processes to be applied to the images by the image
processing unit;

a second sub-assembly controlling various devices for tuning the at least one optical objective; and
a third sub-assembly performing, multiple times, a digital filtering of images output by the photosensitive detector, each
digital filtering being associated to one preset, characteristics of the digital filtering applied to the image depending
on an associated preset.

US Pat. No. 9,400,940

METHOD OF PROCESSING IMAGES, NOTABLY FROM NIGHT VISION SYSTEMS AND ASSOCIATED SYSTEM

Thales, Neuilly sur Sein...

1. A method of processing an initial digital image IIN(p) made up of pixels (p), said method comprising:
calculating a logarithm of the initial image in order to obtain a first intermediate image Log(IIN(p));

filtering said first intermediate image using a low-frequency filter in order to obtain a second intermediate image BF(p);
determining a value of the minimum intensity (MinBF) and a value of the maximum intensity (MaxBF) in the low-frequency image obtained from the filtering;

calculating a third intermediate image Log(IOUT(p)) using a linear combination comprising:

Log(IOUT(p))=[Log(IIN(p)?BF(p)]·[K1·BF(p)+K2]+K3·BF(p)+K4,

K1, K2, K3 and K4 being constants dependent upon a difference between the value of the maximum intensity (MaxBF) and the value of the minimum intensity (MinBF); and

calculating a final image IOUT(p) by applying an exponential function to a third intermediate image Log(IOUT(p)).

US Pat. No. 9,304,020

DEVICE FOR MAINTAINING AND ANALYZING AN AERODYNAMIC PROBE

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A device for maintaining and analyzing an aerodynamic probe of stagnation pressure type for installation in an aircraft,
the device comprising: a channel with a first end that is configured to penetrate into the probe, an ejector fluidly coupled
to the channel to create an air depression in said channel relative to the ambient pressure and a closed vessel recovering
any particles sucked into the channel, the ejector and closed vessel being external to the probe when the channel is inserted
into the probe.

US Pat. No. 9,284,071

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR DEORBITING OF A SATELLITE

Thales, Courbevoie (FR)

7. A satellite comprising:
a device for deorbiting of a satellite in safe hold mode, the device comprising:
a data acquisition module capable of providing:
the direction of the terrestrial magnetic field and the satellite-sun direction in the satellite reference frame; and
a prediction of the direction of the terrestrial magnetic field and the satellite-sun direction in the local orbital reference
frame;

an attitude estimation module coupled to the data acquisition module for determining the attitude of the satellite in relation
to the local orbital reference frame, the angle between the sun direction and the satellite Z-axis and the position on the
orbit of the satellite;

a boost generation module coupled to the attitude estimation module for generating signals capable of activating the thrusters
of the satellite when the attitude, angle and position values are equal to predefined values.

US Pat. No. 9,286,684

APPLICATION SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MEASURING AND COMPENSATING FOR OPTICAL DISTORTION

THALES VISIONIX, INC., C...

1. A method comprising:
recording a first orientation and a first position of a plurality of reference marks relative to a pointing angle of a recording
device;

disposing an object between the recording device and some of the plurality of reference marks;
recording a second orientation and a second position of the plurality of reference marks relative to the pointing angle of
the recording device; and

comparing, by a processor, the first orientation and the first position of the plurality of reference marks to the second
orientation and the second position of the plurality of the reference marks for measuring distortion introduced by the object
by calculating the difference between the first orientation and the first position of the plurality of reference marks and
the second orientation and the second position of the plurality of reference marks, and using the differences to calculate
the distortion introduced by the object.

US Pat. No. 9,227,739

MOTORIZATION SYSTEM FOR A HINGE WITH CROSSED WINDING MEANS WITH RELIABILITY-ENHANCED ROLLING

Thales, (FR)

1. A rolling hinge device comprising:
two winding cylinders arranged substantially parallel to each other;
a longitudinal link element-forming winding means, the winding means being able to maintain a predetermined distance between
the two winding cylinders and being wound around the two winding cylinders; and

at least two flexible tracks, each flexible track of the at least two flexible tracks being fixed to a respective one of the
two winding cylinder cylinders,

wherein the at least two flexible tracks are arranged facing one another and have a point of contact,
wherein a prestressing force is applied at the point of contact under an effect of the winding means, and
wherein at least a first flexible track of the at least two flexible tracks includes a first plurality of slots produced over
an entirety of a length of the first flexible track and between lateral edges of the first flexible track, and

wherein the first plurality of slots delimits a plurality of flexible beam sections of determined profiles in the first flexible
track that are configured to promote an evacuation of foreign bodies housed between the at least two flexible tracks.

US Pat. No. 9,366,756

RF TAG READER FOR ACCURATE POSITION DETERMINATION

Thales Canada Inc, Toron...

1. A method of determining an RF tag position, comprising:
receiving a first response signal from a first antenna;
receiving a second response signal from a second antenna;
generating a sum signal based on the first and second response signals;
generating a difference signal based on a difference between the first and second response signals; and
generating a position detection signal responsive to a determination of a transition of a phase difference between the generated
sum signal and the generated difference signal.

US Pat. No. 9,159,138

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR DYNAMIC ADAPTATION OF SPATIAL RESOLUTION FOR IMAGER FOURIER TRANSFORM SPECTROMETERS

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A method for adapting a resolution of an imager Fourier transform spectrometer, comprising:
acquiring data in interferogram mode and in image mode on survey points for an observed scene, each survey point being associated
a matrix of macro-pixels and defined by a plurality of zones;

for each survey point:
analyzing on the basis of the data of the image mode of the content of each zone;
classifying according to the result of the analyzing, of each zone into a clear zone class or into a non-clear zone class;
for each survey point having clear zones and non-clear zones:
summing the data of the macro-pixels of the clear zone class to generate a clear pixel data stream and summing the data of
all the macro-pixels of the said matrix of macro-pixels associated with the said survey point to generate a survey point data
stream; and

transmitting the two data streams.

US Pat. No. 9,146,103

APPARATUS AND OPTICAL METHOD OF RANGING AND OF HIGH BIT-RATE COMMUNICATION

Thales, Courbevoie (FR)

1. An optical apparatus for ranging and communication in free space comprising:
a rangefinder comprising a transmitting device for transmitting an optical signal for ranging to a target and a receiving
device for receiving the signals backscattered by the target,

an optical communication system for optical communication in free space comprising the transmitting device for transmitting
an optical signal for optical communication to a remote optical receiving device,

wherein the transmitting device of the rangefinder and the transmitting device of the optical communication system is common
to the rangefinder and to the optical communication system and capable of transmitting pulses of which a peak power is greater
than 50 W and a shape factor is less than 0.01, the shape factor being defined as a ratio of the peak power over a mean power
of the pulses, or a modulated continuous signal of which the peak power is less than 10 W and the shape factor equal to approximately
0.5, and

a supervisor capable of controlling the common transmitting device according to two modes, a pulse mode to perform the ranging,
or a modulated continuous mode to perform the optical communication.

US Pat. No. 9,071,515

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR THE VALIDATION OF NETWORKS

Thales, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A method for the validation of a network by a checking module, the network comprising a plurality of routers, each of the
routers comprising a plurality of output ports, each of the output ports of the routers being associated with a bandwidth
budget, a priority latency budget and a plurality of network budget grains, said method comprising, for each of the ports
of each of the routers, the steps of:
calculation of a latency consumed on the output port of the router on the basis of the network budget grains and the bandwidth
budget,

checking of the compatibility of the latency consumed on the output port with the priority latency budget of the output port
of the router, and

emission by the checking module of a signal indicating the result of the check,
wherein the steps of calculation, checking, and emission are carried out without defining virtual links in the network.

US Pat. No. 9,135,747

METHOD FOR 3D RECONSTRUCTION OF AN OBJECT IN A SCENE

THALES, Courbevoie (FR) ...

1. A method for three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of an object in a scene exposed to a wave, based on signals back-scattered
by the scene and sensed, the method comprises:
generating, from the sensed signals, a set of 3D points to which their back-scattering intensity by the scene is respectively
assigned, the 3D points associated with their intensity being denoted set A of reconstructed data,

starting from the set A of reconstructed data, extracting a set B of data, whose points are located within a volume containing
the object, as a function of volume characteristics F2, further comprises the following steps:

starting from the set B, extracting a set C of data characterizing an external surface of the object, the external surface
having regions with missing parts, depending on an extraction criterion F1,

filling in the regions, based on the data of C, with missing parts by generating a three-dimensional surface so as to obtain
a set D of completed data of the object, without having to use an external database, the filling step comprising the following
sub-steps:

normalizing the data of C characterizing the external surface to obtain a set D12 of the normalized data of C,

extracting, based on the data of D12, relevant data denoted attractors and weight them, as a function of extraction and weighting criteria F75, to obtain a set D34 of weighted attractors,

selecting significant attractors from amongst data of the set D34 as a function of a selection threshold F74,

reinforcing weight of the significant attractors as a function of spatially close data of C to obtain a set D56 of reinforced significant attractors,

generating a three-dimensional surface D based on the data of D12 and D56, comprising:

sending the data of D56 to several processes for 3D-surface generation, by means of a control module for choosing the 3D-surface generation processes
among minimum energy search type, stochastic relaxation type, Bayesian regulation type, wavelet analysis type, approximation
by generalized regression type, optimization with constraints type, or basic radial function type process,

choosing a best result or combine several results supplied by the 3D-surface generation processes to obtain the three-dimensional
surface D by means of a combiner, and

identifying the object based on the three-dimensional surface D.

US Pat. No. 9,092,100

MULTITOUCH TOUCH-SENSITIVE DEVICE WITH MULTIFREQUENCY CAPACITIVE DETECTION

Thales, Inc., Neuilly su...

1. A dual touchscreen device with projected capacitive detection comprising a matrix-form touch pad comprising a plurality
of conductive rows and conductive columns, the pad being linked to:
electronic control means generating, for each conductive row and column, emission voltages and;
electronic reception and analysis means for receiving and electronically analyzing reception voltages from each conductive
row and column, wherein:

the electronic control means generate, for each conductive row and column, a first periodic emission voltage emitted at a
first frequency denoted working frequency and a second periodic emission voltage emitted at a second frequency denoted discrimination
frequency that is different from the first frequency;

the electronic reception and analysis means are arranged to determine, for each row and for each column:
a first reception voltage at the working frequency and a second reception voltage at the discrimination frequency;
when, according to predetermined values, the first and second reception voltages are representative of at least a touch on
the touch pad and a location of the touch on the row and/or on the column concerned,

the working frequency being sufficiently low to provoke very small variations of the reception voltages at the working frequency
due to changes in a resistive portion of an impedance of the reception voltages and the discrimination frequency being sufficiently
high to provoke significant variations of the reception voltages at the discrimination frequency due to changes in the resistive
portion of the impedance, the variations of the resistive portion being representative of the location of at least the touch,

when the touch includes a simple touch, a position of the touched row and/or column is computed by the electronic reception
and analysis means based on a weighted barycentre around the row signal and the column signal of maximum deviation, a doublet
of points giving a coordinate of the touch;

when the touch includes at least two aligned touches, a position of the touched row and/or that is common to the two aligned
touches is computed by the electronic reception and analysis means, a triplet of points giving coordinates of the two aligned
touches; and

when the touch includes at least two non-aligned touches, a quadruplet of points is measured at the working frequency and
at the discrimination frequency, a variation of a signal following a variation of the working frequency and/or the discrimination
frequency is used by the electronic reception and analysis means to determine a rejection of a ghost and the quadruplet of
points giving coordinates of the at least two non-aligned touches.

US Pat. No. 9,250,309

METHOD FOR THE COORDINATED PROCESSING OF SIGNALS TRANSMITTED BY BEACONS

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A method for demodulating a signal carrying a message transmitted by a terrestrial beacon, executed by a system comprising
a constellation of satellites suitable for detecting said signal and for repeating it towards a plurality of receiving stations
on the ground, and an analysis module suitable for receiving signals from said stations, the method comprising:
each receiving station transmitting the signals that it receives from at least one satellite to the analysis module, said
analysis module realigning said signals in frequency and/or in time relative to one another, combining the realigned signals
to generate a synthetic signal having an enhanced signal-to-noise ratio, and determining a content of said message and/or
modulation parameters of said synthetic signal.

US Pat. No. 9,084,370

ELECTRONIC COMPUTER COMPRISING AN AIR CHANNELING SYSTEM FOR COOLING ELECTRONIC BOARDS

Thales, (FR)

1. An electronic computer comprising:
a storage case comprising a housing including an air inlet and an air outlet for the circulation of a flow of cooling air
through the housing,

an electronic motherboard comprising a first surface and a second surface, the electronic motherboard being received in the
housing such that the electronic motherboard defines a partition opposing the flow of air, the air entering the housing striking
the first surface, the second surface being provided with connectors for receiving electronic daughterboards, and

an air channeling system configured so as to channel the air hitting the first surface of the electronic motherboard to bring
it to the side of the second surface of the electronic motherboard,

wherein the air channeling system is configured to spray the electronic daughterboards received on the electronic motherboard
with channeled air, so as to cool said electronic daughterboards through convection of the air.

US Pat. No. 9,529,431

DIRECTIONAL SOUND SYSTEMS INCLUDING EYE TRACKING CAPABILITIES AND RELATED METHODS

Thales Avionics, Inc., I...

1. An entertainment system comprising:
directional sound speakers embedded in a headrest of a passenger seat; and
a directional sound controller connected to receive signals from a media player of the entertainment center and to provide
signals to the directional sound speakers that direct sound beams to a defined target region such that the sound beams are
only audible within the defined target region experiencing less than about 20 dB of leakage outside the target region while
the sound beams are being provided b the directional sound speakers; and

wherein the directional sound controller is configured to adjust a location of the target region responsive to eye tracking
input from an eye tracking system that tracks location of the passenger's eyes.

US Pat. No. 9,300,039

TRIAXIAL POSITIONER FOR AN ANTENNA

THALES, Courbevoie (FR) ...

1. A positioner for an antenna to be placed in a given or restricted volume, comprising:
a first axis A?ensuring the movement of the antenna in azimuth, said first axis A?with continuous rotation comprises a fixed
frame on which is mounted a mobile frame, an electrical collector provided with a revolving seal, and an ? motor-drive subassembly,

a third axis A?ensuring the movement of the antenna in elevation, said third axis A?being orthogonal and coplanar to the first
axis A?, said third axis A?comprises a cradle supporting the antenna and two half-rings for circular guidance, said half-rings
being provided with V-shaped guiding rails sliding on grooves of said rollers, said third axis A?being inserted into a roller
support of said second axis A?,

a second axis of rotation A?or cross-elevation axis positioned so as to intersect said first axis A?and said third axis A?at
one and a same virtual point O, said virtual point O of intersection of the three axes A?, A?, A?constituting a pivot point
of the movements of said antenna mounted on the positioner, said second axis A?comprises a support for pivoting means, a ?motor-drive
subassembly, a ?motor-drive subassembly, for said rollers comprising a groove, said second axis A?being inserted into an orifice
O2 of the fixed frame forming an angle ?with the axis A?, the angle ?lying within the range from 20° to 70°.

US Pat. No. 9,191,585

MODULAR NIGHT-VISION SYSTEM WITH FUSED OPTICAL SENSORS

Thales, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A modular visualization system comprising at least three modules, comprising:
a first module being an observation device comprising a first mechanical body in which a first channel comprising a display
screen, an image-capturing channel comprising a lens and at least image-sensing means, a relay optical system and an eyepiece
are arranged, the image of the first channel and the image of a second channel being fused and collimated by the relay optical
system and the eyepiece towards the eye of an observer;

a second module being an image-sensing device comprising a second mechanical body in which a lens (OB2) and a sensor are arranged to generate a digital image, and;

a third module being an external device performing at least a power supply function;
wherein the first module comprises a first data connector suitable for transmitting a video stream and providing the power
supply for the components of the first module and associated with a first mechanical coupling means;

wherein the second module comprises a second data connector suitable for transmitting a video stream and a power supply signal
and associated with a second mechanical coupling means, and a third data connector suitable for providing the power supply
for the components of the first and the second module and associated with a third mechanical coupling means;

wherein the third module comprises a fourth data connector associated with a fourth mechanical coupling means;
wherein the data connectors and the mechanical coupling means are arranged in such a way that the visualization system allows
at least the following three configurations:

in a first configuration, the first connector is connected to the fourth connector, the first module and the third module
thus being mechanically coupled by the first and fourth mechanical coupling means;

in a second configuration, the first connector and the second connector are coupled to display the digital image of the sensor
on the display screen and the third connector is coupled to the fourth connector, the second module being mechanically coupled,
on the one hand, to the first module by the first and the second mechanical coupling means and, on the other hand, to the
third module by the third and the fourth mechanical coupling means;

in a third configuration, at least the first module functions in stand-alone mode.

US Pat. No. 9,286,667

METHOD OF ELIMINATING SPURIOUS ECHOES IN SAR IMAGING

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A method of eliminating spurious echoes in Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) imaging, the method comprising:
defining SAR imaging parameters,
calculating spectrum of signal received, in each distance bin, of a zone of interest,
locating a central frequency of fixed echoes backscattered by the zone of interest, the locating step further comprising:
seeking a side where a slope is steepest on a curve of a measured spectrum,
shifting a shape of a theoretical spectrum obtained based on characteristics of a radar antenna diagram on Doppler frequency
axis to maximize a correlation between the theoretical and measured spectrum,

seeking a frequency for which the theoretical spectrum is maximum,
filtering spectra in each distance bin carried out by a bandpass filter centered on the central frequency of fixed echoes
backscattered by the zone of interest,

forming SAR sub images, and
concatenating the SAR sub images to form a final SAR image.

US Pat. No. 9,263,801

DIRECTIONAL MOBILE ANTENNA WITH POLARIZATION SWITCHING BY DISPLACEMENT OF RADIATING PANELS

Thales, (FR)

1. A tracking antenna with polarization switching, comprising:
a support comprising at least two faces each supporting a plurality of waveguides fed with radiofrequency signals and pierced
with apertures disposed so as to illuminate radiating elements placed some distance from the said apertures, wherein, for
at least one given antenna pointing, said support is able to toggle between at least two different configurations, said support
being configured so as to place, in the second configuration, the second face in a position identical to that taken by the
first face in the first configuration, several radiating elements of the first face being, in said position, oriented differently
from radiating elements of the second face.

US Pat. No. 9,115,992

LASER GYRO COMPRISING A DEVICE FOR PROTECTING FROM CORROSION

Thales, Neully-sur-Seine...

1. Laser gyro comprises an optical block comprising a glass-ceramic first material comprising apertures, electrodes placed
in the apertures of the optical block, and seals comprising indium of a first redox potential (E°1) ensuring the hermeticity of the optical block in the location of the apertures, characterized in that the laser gyro furthermore
comprises, making contact with the seals, at least one sacrificial electrode comprising a second material of a second redox
potential (E°2), the second redox potential (E°2) being lower than the first redox potential (E°1), the sacrificial electrode being neither placed between the optical block and the seals nor between the electrodes and the
seals.

US Pat. No. 9,096,245

RAILWAY SIGNALING SYSTEM WITH REDUNDANT CONTROLLERS

Thales Canada Inc., Toro...

1. A method of controlling a load in a railway signaling system, the method comprising:
connecting a first autonomous vital controller to the load;
providing a second autonomous vital controller which is redundant with the first autonomous vital controller such that there
is no single point of failure;

connecting the second autonomous vital controller to the load;
if both first and second autonomous vital controllers are on-line, then operating the first and second autonomous vital controllers
to provide power to the load such that current through the load is shared between the first and second autonomous vital controllers;
and

if one autonomous vital controller is off-line, then disconnecting the off-line autonomous vital controller and operating
only the other autonomous vital controller to provide power to the load such that control of the load is uninterrupted.

US Pat. No. 9,584,846

IN-FLIGHT ENTERTAINMENT SYSTEM WITH WIRELESS HANDHELD CONTROLLER AND CRADLE HAVING CONTROLLED LOCKING AND STATUS REPORTING TO CREW

Thales Avionics, Inc., I...

1. A docking cradle of an entertainment system, the docking cradle comprising:
a housing having a recessed area to receive and store a handheld controller, wherein the housing comprises a retention surface
that extends over the recessed area of the housing to engage a first end portion of the handheld controller stored in the
docking cradle;

an electronically controlled lock apparatus connected to the housing and configured to lock the handheld controller within
the recessed area of the housing preventing removal by a user responsive to a lock electrical signal from a management terminal
separate from the docking cradle, and configured to unlock the handheld controller permitting removal by a user from the recessed
area of the housing responsive to an unlock electrical signal from the management terminal; and

a locking tab that extends over the recessed area of the housing to engage a second end portion, opposite to the first end
portion, of the handheld controller stored in the docking cradle,

wherein the electronically controlled lock apparatus responds to the unlock electrical signal from the management terminal
by enabling movement of the locking tab to release the second end portion of the handheld controller when a user presses an
unlock button connected to the housing, and responds to the lock electrical signal from the management terminal by disabling
movement of the locking tab to prevent release of the second end portion of the handheld controller when a user presses the
unlock button.

US Pat. No. 9,182,597

OPTICAL GUIDE FOR COLLIMATED IMAGES WITH OPTICAL BEAM DOUBLER, AND ASSOCIATED OPTICAL DEVICE

Thales, Neuilly sur Sein...

1. Optical guide for collimated images comprising:
a first image conductor having substantially the shape of a rectangular parallelepiped and comprising two first faces that
are planar and mutually parallel, two second faces that are planar and mutually parallel and perpendicular to the two first
planar faces, a plurality of first plates that are planar, semi-reflective, mutually parallel and inclined with respect to
the plane of the two first planar faces, and an injection section;

a second image conductor having substantially the shape of a planar plate comprising two third faces that are planar and mutually
parallel and arranged in the extension of the two second planar faces, a fourth face that is planar, perpendicular to the
second planar faces and joined to one of the two first planar faces, a plurality of second plates that are planar, semi-reflective,
mutually parallel and inclined with respect to the plane of the two third planar faces;

wherein the guide comprises an optical beam doubler element, said doubler element having substantially the shape of a rectangular
parallelepiped, and comprising two first facets that are planar and mutually parallel, two second facets that are planar,
mutually parallel and perpendicular to the two first planar facets, at least one first mirror that is semi-reflective, planar
and arranged at a first preset distance from one of the two first planar facets and parallel to the latter, at least one second
mirror that is semi-reflective, planar and arranged at a second preset distance from one of the two second planar facets and
parallel to the latter, a planar entrance face that is intended to receive a collimated image, and an exit face coincident
with or in the vicinity of the injection section.

US Pat. No. 9,398,642

REMOVABLE HEATER FOR COMMUNICATION ANTENNA

Thales Canada Inc, Toron...

1. A heater assembly comprising:
a foil heater having at least one slot;
an insulating plate configured to electrically and thermally insulate the foil heater, the insulating plate defining a central
opening, at least one first mounting hole and at least one first fastening hole; and

a heat dissipation element configured to conduct heat from the foil heater to an exterior of the heater assembly, the heat
dissipation element having at least one second mounting hole and at least one second fastening hole, and

wherein the foil heater is between the insulating plate and the heat dissipation element,
the at least one first mounting hole, the at least one slot and the at least one second mounting hole are aligned.

US Pat. No. 9,381,927

TRAIN DETECTION SYSTEM AND METHOD OF DETECTING TRAIN MOVEMENT AND LOCATION

Thales Canada Inc., Toro...

1. A train detection system for detecting a train unit, comprising:
a first transponder interrogator configured to generate one or more request signals for transmission, by a first antenna above
a first track location, toward a first fixed transponder at the first track location;

a second transponder interrogator configured to generate one or more request signals for transmission, by a second antenna
above a second track location, toward a second fixed transponder at the second track location; and

a controller communicably connected with the first and second transponder interrogators and configured to verify operation
of the train detection system based on receipt of one or more message signals responsive to transmission of the one or more
request signals from the first and second transponder interrogators.

US Pat. No. 9,156,482

LOCATOR LOOP CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHOD OF USING THE SAME

Thales Canada Inc, Toron...

1. A locator loop control system comprising:
a guideway configured to define a travel path of a vehicle;
a locator loop located along the guideway, the locator loop configured to exchange information with a vital on-board controller
(VOBC) on-board the vehicle;

a first proximity plate located along the guideway, the first proximity plate spaced a first distance along the guideway from
the locator loop; and

a wayside controller configured to communicate with the locator loop.

US Pat. No. 9,085,310

METHOD OF DETERMINING THE POSITION OF A VEHICLE MOVING ALONG A GUIDEWAY

THALES CANADA INC., Toro...

1. A method of determining a position of a vehicle moving along a guideway, comprising:
detecting signals from each of a plurality of localized groups of transponders located beside the guideway as the vehicle
moves along the guideway, each localized group being located at a detection location, the individual transponders within each
said localized group being spaced a known distance apart from each other, said localized groups being spaced substantially
further apart from each other than the individual transponders within each said localized group, wherein as the vehicle passes
a current said detection location, the signals from each transponder within the localized group at the current detection location
create a footprint in a time domain corresponding to a time the vehicle is in communication with that transponder;

identifying a point in a spatial domain between the transponders that bears a known geometric relationship with the transponders
of each localized group; and

computing an estimate of the position of the moving vehicle by matching a point in the time domain that bears the same geometric
relationship to the footprints of the transponders of the localized group at the current detection location as the point in
the spatial domain bears with the transponders of the localized group at the current detection location.

US Pat. No. 9,462,300

DISTRIBUTED SEAT CENTRIC WIRELESS IN-FLIGHT ENTERTAINMENT SYSTEM

Thales Avionics, Inc., I...

1. An entertainment system comprising:
a plurality of wireless access points, each wireless access point comprising:
a mass memory;
at least one radio transceiver configured to communicate with seat display devices and to communicate with personal electronic
devices of users; and

at least one processor configured to:
receive entertainment content comprising a plurality of content items through the at least one radio transceiver;
store the entertainment content in the mass memory;
download entertainment content using a file transfer protocol from the mass memory to the seat display devices through the
at least one radio transceiver;

stream content items of the entertainment content using a streaming protocol from the mass memory to the personal electronic
devices of users through the at least one radio transceiver;

receive user requests from the personal electronic devices, each user request from the personal electronic devices requesting
delivery of a respectively indicated one of the content items stored in the mass memory, and to concurrently stream the requested
content items using a streaming protocol through the at least one radio transceiver to the requesting personal electronic
devices; and

allocate resources of the at least one radio transceiver to cause the downloading of the entertainment content using the file
transfer protocol through the at least one radio transceiver to the seat display devices to occur at a lower priority than
the concurrent streaming of the requested content items using the streaming protocol through the at least one radio transceiver
to the requesting personal electronic devices.

US Pat. No. 9,628,840

PORTABLE VEHICLE ENTERTAINMENT SYSTEMS WITH WIRELESS COMMUNICATION OF ENTERTAINMENT CONTENT

Thales Avionics, Inc., I...

1. A portable in-flight entertainment system for an aircraft, comprising:
a portable housing comprising a crew portable canister transportable onto the aircraft;
a transceiver configured to communicate through radio frequency (RF) signals with Portable Electronic Devices (PEDs) operated
by passengers;

at least one processor;
at least one memory, wherein the at least one memory is coupled to the at least one processor and comprises entertainment
content and further comprises computer readable program code executed by the at least one processor to perform operations
comprising:

communicating a list, of at least some of the entertainment content available in the at least one memory, to the PEDs;
receiving a content selection message through the transceiver from one of the PEDs that requests communication of a selected
one of the entertainment content identified in the list; and

communicating the selected one of the entertainment content through the transceiver to the one of the PEDs; and
wherein the transceiver, the at least one processor, and the at least one memory are enclosed within the portable housing.

US Pat. No. 9,405,914

DATA ANALYSIS SYSTEM

Thales Canada Inc., Toro...

1. A data analysis apparatus for analyzing data from multiple devices forming part of an infrastructure, comprising:
a database service module including a data storage subsystem storing data collected from disparate devices in a generalized
data structure that allows the data collected from all devices to be treated in a common manner, wherein meaning from the
data is stripped such that the data is reduced to just a number, and wherein the data from the disparate devices is stored
as homogenized data regardless of the form or source of the original data in a database defined by a meta-structure that uses
primitives to classify the homogenized data, said primitives comprising device type, device instance, and data type, wherein
device type determines the type of device that is the source of the data, device instance identifies the particular device
within a device type that is the source of the data, and data type indicates the nature of the stored data;

an analysis engine configured to analyze the data to determine whether the data defined by the meta-structure meets certain
criteria in accordance with a stored set of rules; and

a workstation configured to permit the user to view and analyze the homogenized data in a common manner without regard to
the source thereof, wherein the meta-structure separates and categorizes the data such that all data is handled identically
and such that the data analysis apparatus is prevented from knowing what data was collected.

US Pat. No. 9,148,821

SYSTEM FOR MANAGING THE ALLOCATION OF THE RESOURCES OF A SATELLITE LINK IN A TELECOMMUNICATION NETWORK

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A service manager system intended to be positioned in a telecommunications network implementing a satellite and one or
more user networks, a communication protocol relying on a 3G standard and implementing Traffic Flow Template (TFT) and Packet
Data Protocol (PDP) rules, the service manager system comprising:
a link configuration module which contains one or more static configurations that can be modified by a user;
an input which allows the user to specify TFT data to be used;
three outputs: a second output linked to a TFT manager, a third output linked to a traffic detector module, a fourth output
linked to a secondary PDP context manager;

the traffic detector module which scans each IP packet transmitted within the system between a user network and a satellite,
the traffic detector module comprising the following sub-module:

a configured-TFTs traffic detector plugin adapted to detect criteria on the traffic on TFT created and upon detection to inform
the secondary PDP context manager, the configured-TFTs traffic detector plugin comprises:

an input which receives information from the link configuration module,
an output which transmits information of presence or absence of flow related to activated TFTs to the secondary PDP context
manager;

a TFTs management module adapted for asking the secondary PDP context manager for an available PDP context and to create one
or more TFTs, according to a given configuration and to link the one or more created TFTs to the available PDP context allocated
to a specified class, the TFTs management module comprising:

three inputs: a first input receiving the information from the link configuration module,
two inputs/outputs: linked up with a transceiver which allows communication of status creations or “get created status” instructions
to a secondary PDP contexts management module which exchanges information of Get/release free PDP contents type,

an output to the transceiver which will create TFTs rules and link them to an available context or else delete TFTs;
the secondary PDP context management module is adapted for activating or deactivating a relevant context, the secondary PDP
context management module comprises:

three inputs: a first input which receives information from the link configuration module, a second input which receives information
from the TFTs management module, a third input which receives information from configured-TFTs traffic detector plugin,

an output which transmits the activation or deactivation commands for a corresponding context to the transceiver for all the
secondary PDP contexts upon detection of a traffic flow by the traffic detector,

wherein the traffic detector detects criteria in order to configure the TFTs via the TFTs management module and connect or
disconnect secondary PDP context via the secondary PDP context management module.

US Pat. No. 9,609,740

COOLED PRINTED CIRCUIT WITH MULTI-LAYER STRUCTURE AND LOW DIELECTRIC LOSSES

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A printed circuit with a multi-layer structure, comprising:
a first layer comprising a dielectric material between two metalized faces, machined so as to form a first spotface passing
through the first layer for an entirety of its thickness,

a second layer comprising a dielectric material between two metalized faces and comprising a first cavity passing through
the second layer for an entirety of its thickness, assembled on the first layer in such a way that this first cavity is facing
the spotface,

a third layer comprising a dielectric material between two metalized faces and comprising, on one face, an electronic component
occupying a surface Scomp, an other face being without metal on a section ?Scomp, this third layer being assembled on the
second layer in such a way that the component is in the first cavity,

a fourth layer comprising a dielectric material between two metalized faces and comprising a second cavity, assembled on the
third layer in such a way that this second cavity is facing the first cavity,

a heat-conducting element with two parts:
a first part made of metal, called a thermal cover, inserted into the first spotface of the first layer in such a way as to
close, mechanically and electrically, the first cavity,

a second part made of a dielectric material with heat conduction >30 W/(m·K), brazed to the first part and placed in the first
cavity in such a way as to be in contact with the electronic component so as to ensure thereby a heat conduction.

US Pat. No. 9,227,641

VEHICLE POSITION DETERMINING SYSTEM AND METHOD OF USING THE SAME

Thales Canada Inc, Toron...

1. A position determining system for a vehicle on a guideway, the position determining system comprising:
an on-board controller configured to determine a position of the vehicle on the guideway;
a transmitter/detector array configured to emit an interrogation signal and to receive reflection signals based on the emitted
interrogation signal, wherein the transmitter/detector array is configured to communicate with the on-board controller, the
transmitter/detector array comprising:

a first antenna, and
a second antenna, the second antenna spaced from the first antenna in a direction of travel of the vehicle; and
a transponder identification database configured to store transponder information, the transponder identification database
is configured to communicate with at least one of the on-board controller or the transmitter/detector array,

wherein the on-board controller is configured to determine the position of the vehicle along the guideway based on a modulated
reflection signal received by the transmitter/detector array and a first non-modulated reflection signal received by the transmitter/detector
array.

US Pat. No. 9,788,118

SPATIAL SYSTEMS INCLUDING EYE TRACKING CAPABILITIES AND RELATED METHODS

THALES AVIONICS, INC., I...

1. An entertainment system comprising:
a plurality of spatial sound speakers embedded in a headrest of a passenger seat and associated with a media player of the
entertainment system; and

a spatial sound controller connected to receive signals from a media player of the entertainment system and configured to
provide signals to the spatial sound speakers to direct simulated surround sound beams to a defined target region, the spatial
sound controller is configured to control physical movement of the headrest containing the spatial sound speakers to move
the defined target region relative to a passenger's ears responsive to eye tracking input from an eye tracking system that
tracks location of the passenger's eyes.

US Pat. No. 9,499,185

WAYSIDE GUIDEWAY VEHICLE DETECTION AND SWITCH DEADLOCKING SYSTEM WITH A MULTIMODAL GUIDEWAY VEHICLE SENSOR

Thales Canada Inc, Toron...

1. A multimodal guideway vehicle sensor, comprising:
a passive sensor configured to receive and detect a first electromagnetic radiation from a guideway vehicle;
an active sensor configured to transmit a second electromagnetic radiation and receive and detect the second electromagnetic
radiation reflected from the guideway vehicle;

an unique identification code (ID) sensor that detects an ID associated with the guideway vehicle; and
a data fusion center configured to:
combine signals from the passive sensor, the active sensor and the ID sensor to produce guideway vehicle information about
the guideway vehicle; and

resolve a conflict between two or more of the passive sensor, the active sensor, or the ID sensor based on a maximum time
period for the detection of the guideway vehicle radiation or ID by one of the two or more of the passive sensor, the active
sensor, or the ID sensor.

US Pat. No. 9,268,436

MULTI-TOUCH TOUCH-SENSITIVE DEVICE WITH MULTI-FREQUENCY CAPACITIVE DETECTION COMPRISING MEANS OF FAULT DETECTION

Thales, Neuilly sur Sein...

1. A touchscreen device with projected capacitive detection comprising a touch-sensitive matrix panel comprising a plurality
of conductive rows and conductive columns, said panel being connected to electronic control means generating, for each conductive
row and column, transmission voltages and electronic means of reception and analysis of reception voltages originating from
each conductive row and column,
the electronic control means generating, for each conductive row and column, a first periodic transmission voltage transmitted
at a first frequency denoted as a working frequency and a second periodic transmission voltage transmitted at a second frequency
denoted as a discrimination frequency, different from the first frequency:

in an absence of any press, a value of the working frequency being sufficiently low to cause very small variations in the
reception voltages at the working frequency and a value of the discrimination frequency being sufficiently high to cause significant
variations in the reception voltages according to the rows and columns at the discrimination frequency;

the reception and analysis means being arranged so as to determine, for each row and for each column, a value of a first reception
voltage at the working frequency and a value of a second reception voltage at the discrimination frequency;

wherein said electronic analysis means comprises:
a table of stored values of the reception voltages at the working frequency of each row and of each column in the absence
of any press;

comparison means establishing, for each row and for each column, differences between measured values of the reception voltages
and the stored values of the reception voltages so as to determine whether measured differences are representative of a cut
row or column and/or a press on an intact row or column;

first analysis means arranged so that:
if the reception voltages of a set of rows display a hollow representative of a press and the reception voltages of a set
of columns do not display a hollow representative of a press, a column is diagnosed as cut, and positions of a faulty column
and of the press being determined by measuring the differences in reception voltage taken at the working frequency and at
the discrimination frequency of the rows located at said press;

if the reception voltages of the set of columns display a hollow representative of a press and the reception voltages of the
set of rows do not display a ‘hollow’ representative of a press, a row is diagnosed as cut, and positions of a faulty row
and of the press being determined by measuring the differences in reception voltage taken at the working frequency and at
the discrimination frequency of the columns located at said press.

US Pat. No. 9,188,978

METHOD FOR AIDING NAVIGATION FOR AN AIRCRAFT DURING DESCENT AND DURING APPROACH AT REDUCED THRUST

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A method for aiding a crew to navigate an aircraft to implement a flight management system between a computation start
point (WPTstart) and a computation end point (WPTend) during a descent and approach to a runway, the method comprising:
collecting a data set comprising a flight plan comprising a succession of waypoints (WPTi) between the computation start point (WPTstart) and the computation end point (WPTend); vertical constraints (CVi) being able to be associated with each waypoint (WPTi);

determining a corridor, between the computation start point (WPTstart) and the computation end point (WPTend), comprising:

a floor trajectory (Binf) comprising a series of profiles defining a minimum altitude permitted to the aircraft, as a function of the vertical constraints
(CVi) of the succession of waypoints (WPTi), and

a ceiling trajectory (Bsup) comprising a series of profiles defining the maximum altitude permitted to the aircraft, as a function of the vertical constraints
(CVi) of the succession of waypoints (WPTi);

splitting the corridor into one or more cells (CELj) between the computation start point (WPTstart) and the computation end point (WPTend); wherein each cell (CELj) being defined by a departure point (Pdj) and an arrival point (Paj), the departure (Pdj) and arrival (Paj) points being two waypoints (WPTi) which are the furthest apart of the data set and which are between the ceiling trajectory (Bsup) and the floor trajectory (Binf);

determining for at least one cell (CELj) of a vertical trajectory between the departure (Pdj) and arrival (Paj) points, complying with cell altitude constraints defined by the ceiling (Bsup) and floor (Binf) trajectories, and comprising a longest possible IDLE segment;

assembling a target vertical trajectory between the computation start point (WPTstart) and the computation end point (WPTend), integrating the vertical trajectory of the at least one cell (CELi); and

determining and displaying on a screen destined for the crew during the descent and approach to the runway maneuvering points
of the aircraft to follow the target vertical trajectory.

US Pat. No. 9,188,614

DATA INPUT DEVICE WITH A POTENTIOMETER, AND JOYSTICK INTENDED FOR PILOTING AN AIRCRAFT, SAID JOYSTICK COMPRISING THE DATA INPUT DEVICE

Thales, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A data input device comprising:
a slider,
means converting a position of the slider into an electrical voltage,
a potentiometer extending between two ends, the potentiometer having a first and a second fixed connection point which are
respectively situated at each of the ends of the potentiometer, a third fixed connection point situated at an intermediate
position on the potentiometer between the two ends and a fourth, mobile connection point forming the slider and being able
to move between the two ends,

means for supplying a first fixed voltage to the potentiometer via the third connection point,
means for supplying a fixed current source to the potentiometer via the slider, and
means for measuring a voltage difference between the first and second connection points, the voltage difference forming the
electrical voltage that represents the position of the slider.

US Pat. No. 9,469,318

DYNAMIC WHEEL DIAMETER DETERMINATION SYSTEM AND METHOD

Thales Canada Inc, Toron...

1. A system for automatic wheel diameter determination, the system comprising:
a first proximity plate having a first length and comprising a detectable material, the first proximity plate being positioned
at a first location along a direction of motion of a vehicle;

a sensor on the vehicle configured to generate a first signal including an indication of detection of the detectable material
of the first proximity plate at a start of the first length and an indication of loss of detection of the detectable material
of the first proximity plate at an end of the first length;

a signal generator on the vehicle configured to generate a second signal indicating a number of revolutions of a wheel on
the vehicle; and

a controller configured to receive the first signal and the second signal and determine a diameter of the wheel based on the
first length, the indication of detection of the detectable material of the first proximity plate, the indication of loss
of detection of the detectable material of the first proximity plate, and the number of revolutions of the wheel.

US Pat. No. 9,166,952

SECURITY DEVICE BANK AND A SYSTEM INCLUDING THE AND SD SECURITY DEVICE BANK

Thales Canada Inc, Toron...

1. A system, comprising:
a trusted network;
an untrusted network;
on-board equipment on-board a movable object;
off-board equipment comprising wayside equipment, central equipment, and station equipment, the off-board equipment being
communicatively coupled with the trusted network;

one or more first security devices on-board the movable object and communicatively connecting the on-board equipment and the
untrusted network; and

a security device bank communicatively connecting the trusted network and the untrusted network, the security device bank
comprising:

a common bus or a local network; and
one or more second security devices connected to the common bus or the local network,
wherein
each second security device of the one or more second security devices is configured to establish a predefined quantity of
communication tunnels through the untrusted network between the security device bank and the one or more first security devices,

the communication tunnels are in compliance with an Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF®) Internet Protocol Security (IPsec)
standard,

the security device bank is configured to be scalable to increase a communication capacity of the security device bank by
adding one or more additional second security devices to the security device bank, the one or more additional security devices
being connected to the common bus or the local network,

the one or more second security devices included in the security device bank are verified components of the system,
the one or more second security devices are configured to cause the one or more additional second security devices to be the
verified components of the system based on the one or more additional second security devices being connected to the common
bus or the local network,

all of the off-board equipment is communicatively coupled with the untrusted network through only the security device bank,
and

all of the off-board equipment is communicatively coupled with one another through the trusted network independent of the
security device bank.

US Pat. No. 9,128,815

CONTROL SYSTEM FOR VEHICLE IN A GUIDEWAY NETWORK

Thales Canada Inc, Toron...

1. A control system for a vehicle in a guideway network, the control system comprising:
a centralized control system configured to generate a first set of instructions;
at least one de-centralized control system configured to generate a second set of instructions, wherein the at least one de-centralized
control system is stationary; and

an on-board controller on the vehicle, the on-board controller configured to receive the first set of instructions and the
second set of instructions during a same time period,

wherein the centralized control system is configured to transmit the first set of instructions to the on-board controller
using a first communication technique and the at least one de-centralized control system is configured to transmit the second
set of instructions to the on-board controller via a second communication technique different from the first communication
technique,

wherein the on-board controller is configured to implement the least restrictive of the first set of instructions or the second
set of instructions.

US Pat. No. 9,429,643

COHERENT AGGREGATION FROM MULTIPLE DIVERSE SOURCES ON A SINGLE DISPLAY

Thales-Raytheon Systems C...

1. A system for tracking a plurality of objects, comprising:
a data interface configured to receive a plurality of data elements, each data element selected from the group consisting
of:

measurement reports comprising data about objects; and
tracks, comprising inferred trends in data about objects;
a user interface comprising a display and a user input device, the user interface coupled to the data interface and configured
to display measurement reports and tracks; and

a first coherent aggregator, coupled to the data interface and to the user interface, the first coherent aggregator being
configured to:

receive at least one data element;
receive user input from the user input device;
generate a revised track in response to the data element and the user input; and
provide the revised track to the display,
wherein the first coherent aggregator is configured to receive user input comprising an instruction selected from the group
consisting of:

an instruction to treat a track as two separate tracks,
an instruction to merge two tracks into one track, and
an instruction to interchange two tracks.

US Pat. No. 9,499,184

METHOD OF DETERMINING A POSITION OF A VEHICLE ON A GUIDEWAY

Thales Canada Inc, Toron...

1. A method of determining a position of a vehicle on a guideway, the method comprising:
receiving a first non-modulated reflection signal by a first antenna on-board the vehicle, the first non-modulated reflection
signal being associated with a first reflective positioning element along the guideway;

receiving the first non-modulated reflection signal by a second antenna on-board the vehicle;
determining a difference between the first non-modulated signal received by the first antenna and the first non-modulated
signal received by the second antenna;

detecting a position of the vehicle relative to the first reflective positioning element along the guideway based on the difference
between the first non-modulated signal received by the first antenna and the first non-modulated signal received by the second
antenna;

detecting a unique identification code of a transponder along the guideway, wherein the transponder is located a first known
distance along the guideway from the first reflective positioning element; and

determining the position of the vehicle on the guideway, using a position determining system, based on a modulated reflection
signal received from the transponder, the position of the vehicle relative to the first reflective positioning element, and
the first known distance.

US Pat. No. 9,360,549

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR A SELF-CALIBRATED SIGNAL INJECTION SETUP FOR IN-FIELD RECEIVE PHASED ARRAY CALIBRATION SYSTEM

Thales-Raytheon Systems C...

20. A radar system, comprising:
a calibration system including a multiport switch, a RF switch, and a feed switch; and
a feed coupled to array elements;
a processor coupled to a memory, the processor and memory configured to:
inject a first signal through a first signal path including a first element, a first cable, the multiport switch, a second
cable, and the feed switch;

set the feed switch to have a connection to ground prior to injecting the first signal;
receive the first signal reflected from ground through the feed switch, the second cable, the multiport switch, the first
cable, the first element, and a receive switch for reception by a receiver;

measure characteristics of the first signal received by the receiver;
characterize the first signal path from the first signal that is received;
modify settings on the feed switch and the receive switch;
inject a second signal through the first element, the first cable, the multiport switch, the second cable, and the feed switch
into a feed coupled to an array element via a coupler;

receive the second signal from the array element through a second signal path including the feed and the receiver switch;
characterize the second signal path based on the received second signal; and
subtract at least some of the characteristics of the first path from calibration signals injected into the array element;
and

derive phase and amplitude correction constants from the calibration signal measurements.

US Pat. No. 10,064,308

MECHANICAL MOUNTING SYSTEM FOR A DISPLAY DEVICE

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A mechanical mounting device for an electronic housing in a frame, said electronic housing comprising a front face, a rear face, a bottom and two lateral faces the frame comprising an opening of dimensions similar to those of the front face, wherein:the electronic housing comprises:
on each lateral face, a mechanical cam having a substantially quarter-circle form, one of the two ends of the cam being terminated by a triangular point directed toward the interior of the circle, the section of said cam being substantially rectangular, the end bearing the point being disposed close to the bottom, the second end being disposed along the front face,
on the bottom, a bottom abutment parallel to the front face so as to form, a groove in the space situated between the bottom part of the front face and the bottom abutment;
the opening of the frame comprises two identical guiding pins disposed on either side of the uprights of the opening and arranged such that each cam can be displaced in rotation on the pin which corresponds to it during the phase of mounting of the electronic housing in the frame;
the assembly consisting of the two cams, the bottom abutment and the guiding pins being arranged such that the position of the electronic housing in the frame comprises two rest positions, a first rest position in which the centering pins are situated at the triangular points of the cams and a second rest position in which the centering pins are situated at the second ends of the cams.

US Pat. No. 9,668,109

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DISTRIBUTING CONTENT USING ATTRIBUTES

THALES AVIONICS, INC., I...

11. A method by a fixed content server, the method comprising:
performing by a processing circuit of the fixed content server:
storing electronic content for delivery to a nomadic server on a vehicle;
obtaining information defining a schedule for arrival of the vehicle transporting the nomadic server to a destination location;
identifying a destination content server at the destination location;
generating an electronic package containing an identifier for the vehicle and an identifier for the destination content server;
initiating communication delivery of the electronic package from the fixed content server to the destination content server
at the destination location based on the schedule for arrival of the vehicle transporting the nomadic server to the destination
location so delivery of the electronic package is initiated while the vehicle is traveling to the destination location and
then uploaded from the destination content server to the nomadic server of the vehicle upon arrival;

obtaining information defining a schedule for departure of the vehicle transporting the nomadic server from the destination
location;

determining a time to upload the electronic package from the destination content server to the nomadic server of the vehicle;
and

provisioning quality of service that a network uses to deliver the electronic package from the fixed content server to the
destination content server based on the time to upload, the schedule for arrival of the vehicle transporting the nomadic server
to the destination location, and the schedule for departure of the vehicle from the destination location.

US Pat. No. 9,589,142

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR COMMUNICATIONS IN A SAFETY CRITICAL SYSTEM

Thales Canada Inc, Toron...

15. A method executed by at least one processor, the method comprising:
generating a first message and protecting the first message with a first protection scheme corresponding to the first message
by a first high level unit, the first high level unit being coupled to a second high level unit by at least one comparison
channel, the first message comprising content agreed upon between the first high level unit and the second high level unit
through a first voting process;

communicating the first message and the first protection scheme from the first high level unit to a first low level unit coupled
to the first high level unit by a first channel, the first message being communicated from the first high level unit to the
first low level unit by way of the first channel;

generating a second message and protecting the second message with a second protection scheme corresponding to the second
message by the first high level unit, the second message comprising content agreed upon between the first high level unit
and the second high level unit through a second voting process;

communicating the second message and the second protection scheme from the first high level unit to a second low level unit
coupled to the first low level unit by a forwarding channel, the second message being communicated from the first high level
unit to the second low level unit by way of the first channel, the first low level unit, and the forwarding channel;

polling the second low level unit to conduct a performance test of the second low level unit;
determining the first channel is in a failure mode; and
reversing communications between the first high level unit, the second high level unit, the first low level unit, and the
second low level unit to flow through a second channel, the second channel being configured to couple the second high level
unit to the second low level unit,

wherein the first protection scheme and the second protection scheme prevent unauthorized alteration of the first message
or the second message.

US Pat. No. 9,470,706

POWERLESS VEHICLE MOVEMENT DETECTOR

Thales Canada Inc, Toron...

1. An apparatus comprising:
a shaft member having a length, a first end, a second end distal the first end in a direction along the length of the shaft
member, and an elongated opening extending longitudinally along the length of the shaft member;

a pin configured to attach the shaft member to one or more of a vehicle or a backing plate, the pin being inserted into the
elongated opening configured to enable the shaft member to move in a direction along the length of the shaft member, to rotate
about the pin, and to contact a surface external to the vehicle if the shaft member is in a first position corresponding to
a vehicle start position;

a first alignment magnet positioned at the first end of the shaft member, the first alignment magnet being configured to attract
the shaft member to the surface external to the vehicle;

a first sensor configured to determine the shaft member is in the first position;
a first holding magnet positioned on a left side of the shaft member, if the shaft member is in the first position;
a second holding magnet positioned on a right side of the shaft member, if the shaft member is in the first position; and
at least one sensor configured to indicate the shaft member is in one of a second position in contact with the first holding
magnet, or a third position in contact with the second holding magnet, the second position corresponding to a first vehicle
movement direction and the third position corresponding to a second vehicle movement direction.

US Pat. No. 9,131,393

METHOD FOR OPTIMIZING THE RESOURCES OF A DATA TRANSMISSION AT THE LEVEL OF THE MAC LAYER AND DEVICE IMPLEMENTING THE METHOD

Thales, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A method for optimizing resources of a data transmission, comprising:
defining a set of available pairs of modulation and a first correcting code,
determining, for each of said pairs, a maximum rate of a second correcting code to be applied to data to be transmitted before
application of the first correcting code and of the modulation so that an error rate in data received after transmission on
an imperfect channel is at most equal to a target error rate,

said second correcting code being intended to be applied at a level of a medium access layer, so as to generate a plurality
NPR of packets of redundancy bits on a basis of a plurality K of packets of data bits received supplemented with padding sections
so that they all have the same size,

evaluating an item of information representative of a ratio between a number of bits at input of the medium access layer and
a number of bits actually transmitted or an item of information representative of a transmission bitrate required for a set
of solutions associating modulation, first and second correcting codes, and

selecting, from among the set of solutions associating modulation, first and second correcting codes, the one which makes
it possible to maximize said ratio or to minimize said transmission bitrate.

US Pat. No. 9,573,703

PROPULSION SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING THE ORBIT AND CONTROLLING THE ATTITUDE OF A SATELLITE

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A propulsion system for controlling the orbit of a satellite in earth orbit that has a kinetic moment accumulation capacity,
and for the generation of torques helping to control the kinetic moment, said satellite being driven by a displacement velocity
tangential to the earth orbit, the propulsion system comprising:
a thruster for delivering a force along an axis F, and a motor-driven mechanism linked at a first end to the thruster and
at a second end to a structure of the satellite,

said motor-driven mechanism configured to displace the thruster on either side of the plane of the orbit and configured to
orient the thruster so as to make it possible to control a component of the force perpendicular to the orbit in two opposite
directions, to control the inclination of the satellite,

said motor-driven mechanism configured to displace the thruster along an axis V parallel to the velocity of the satellite,
and configured to orient the thruster so as to make it possible to control:

a component of the force on the axis V, to control orbit,
an amplitude and a direction of torque in a plane perpendicular to the axis F, to control the kinetic moment;
wherein the propulsion system can control six orbital parameters of the satellite, and the motor-driven mechanism includes:
(i) at least five axes of rotation between the structure of the satellite and the thruster,
(ii) at least two rigid offset arms, and
(iii) at least three motor-driven links interconnecting said at least two rigid offset arms with said thruster, and
wherein at least two of the motor-driven links allow rotation about two axes of rotation.

US Pat. No. 9,312,471

METHOD OF IMPLEMENTING A FERROELECTRIC TUNNEL JUNCTION, DEVICE COMPRISING A FERROELECTRIC TUNNEL JUNCTION AND USE OF SUCH A DEVICE

THALES, Neuilly-sur-Sein...

1. A device comprising:
a ferroelectric tunnel junction, the junction comprising two films, each one of the films forming an electrode-type conductive
element, separated by a ferroelectric film, the ferroelectric film having a thickness comprised between 0.1 and 10 nm to form
a ferroelectric element acting as a tunnel barrier, wherein said ferroelectric film possessing a remnant polarization,

wherein the ferroelectric film possesses a ferroelectric domain structure comprising ferroelectric domains corresponding to
regions in the ferroelectric element where the polarization is oriented in the same sense and the same direction,

and wherein a value of the resistance of the ferroelectric tunnel junction depends on a ferroelectric domain structure of
the ferroelectric film;

a source of voltage configured to apply a writing voltage between the two films to store a piece of information in said ferroelectric
tunnel junction by creating a ferroelectric domain structure in the ferroelectric film; and

said source of voltage further configured to read, in a non-destructive manner, the piece of information stored in the ferroelectric
tunnel junction by applying a reading voltage whose absolute value is lower than the absolute value of the writing voltage,
so as to generate a tunnel current through the ferroelectric tunnel junction, wherein (1) the value of the resistance is recovered
based on the ratio of the value of the reading voltage to the value of the tunnel current, and (2) the value of the resistance
depending on the ferroelectric domain structure previously created.

US Pat. No. 9,618,909

SAFETY ASSURANCE OF MULTIPLE REDUNDANT SYSTEMS

Thales Canada Inc, Toron...

1. A safety assurance system for multiple redundant safety units, the system comprising:
a unit active line (UAL);
a safety verification line (SVL); and
a plurality of safety units, wherein each safety unit is configured to:
control an associated vital supervision card (VSC), wherein the associated VSC is configured to energize and de-energize an
associated vital power bus through a switchable connection;

control a switchable connection between the associated vital control bus and the UAL;
control a switchable connection between the associated vital control bus and the SVL;
determine a status of the UAL;
and further wherein each safety unit is configured to:
control a switchable connection between the associated vital power bus and a terminal of an associated test load;
control a switchable connection between the terminal of the associated test load and an input to an associated load verification
unit; and

control a switchable connection between the input to the associated load verification unit and the SVL.

US Pat. No. 9,496,621

LARGE DEPLOYABLE REFLECTOR FOR A SATELLITE ANTENNA

Thales Alenia Space Itali...

1. A large deployable reflector for a satellite antenna; the reflector (1) comprising a support structure (6) provided with connection means (7) for mounting the support structure (6) on a satellite (2) and a reflector assembly (5) carried by the support structure (6) and comprising a reflective parabolic mirror (5a); the support structure (6) being a jointed reticulate structure comprising building blocks (8) and being able to assume a compact inoperative stowed configuration and an operative deployed configuration; the reflector
(1) being characterized in that said building blocks (8) are tetrahedron-shaped elements (8), connected to each other to form a ring-like structure; the tetrahedrons (8) have respective triangular bases (9), which are connected to each other at the axial ends of respective first sides (9a) and have respective external vertices (11), which are opposite to said respective first sides (9a) and, when the reflector (1) is arranged in the deployed configuration, ideally lie on an elliptical cone tangent to the parabolic mirror (5a).

US Pat. No. 9,231,297

BROADBAND HF ANTENNA FULLY INTEGRATED ON A NAVAL SHIP

THALES NEDERLAND B.V., H...

1. An antenna to transmit and/or receive radio-frequency waves from a naval ship comprising a deck, wherein the antenna comprises:
a radiating element formed by a structural element of the ship arranged on the deck of the ship, said structural element having
a given height and a given base cross-section, and

an exciting element, having a smaller height than said structural element, for exciting said radiating element when said exciting
element is fed with current, said exciting element being fed by a unique feed and comprising at least one tilted metal linear
element connected, at a first end, to said radiating element and, at a second end, to an element arranged on the deck of the
ship, wherein said first end is positioned below the median point of said structural element.

US Pat. No. 9,525,263

LASER DIODE SIDE PUMPING OF AN ELONGATED SOLID-STATE LASER WITHOUT FOCUSING/OPTICS

THALES HOLDINGS UK PLC, ...

1. A side pumped laser comprising:
an elongated gain medium provided between an output coupler and a counter reflector and having a first end, a second end,
and sides extending between the first end and the second end; and

a pump source configured to provide radiation to the gain medium along at least one of the sides of the gain medium;wherein
the output coupler is configured to receive the radiation from the first end of the gain medium,
the second end of the gain medium is configured to receive the radiation from the counter reflector,
the laser is configured such that the radiation from the pump source is directly incident on the gain medium without passing
through intervening optical components,

the pump source is provided proximate, facing, adjacent or in contact with a flat input surface defined by one of the sides
of the gain medium,

the flat input surface is configured to directly receive the radiation from the pump source, and
the gain medium has a cross section that would be a quadrilateral but for the flat input surface of the gain medium that is
provided instead of an edge, corner or apex of the gain medium.

US Pat. No. 9,229,310

DISPLAY DEVICE COMPRISING A SCREEN HAVING A NETWORK OF THREE DIMENSIONAL REFLECTIVE MICROSTRUCTURES

Thales, Neuilly sur Sein...

1. A display system including an image projector and an associated display screen, the display system being intended for use
by an observer situated at a specified location, the display screen having two transparent and substantially parallel faces,
and the display screen having on at least one of its transparent faces a plurality of regularly distributed optical patterns,
wherein the image projector forms projected images on the display screen at a plurality of angles of incidence determined
by a position and a size of the display screen, wherein the angles of incidence are centred on an average angle of incidence,
and wherein the optical patterns have at least one curved reflective surface orientated so as to reflect light rays having
at least the average angle of incidence in one or more directions corresponding to the specified location of the observer.

US Pat. No. 9,233,750

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DETERMINING A LATERAL TRAJECTORY OF AN AIRCRAFT AND ASSOCIATED FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

Thales, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A method for determination, by a flight management system of an aircraft, of a lateral trajectory of said aircraft on a
basis of a predefined flight plan, said flight plan comprising consecutive flight segments delimited by crossing points, said
method comprising:
calculating with a flight management system a first transition between a first segment and a second segment consecutive to
the first segment and a second transition between the second segment and a third segment consecutive to the second segment,

detecting with the flight management system a first conflict between the first transition and the second transition,
if no conflict is detected with the flight management system, then returning to the transition calculation step applied to
the second segment, to the third segment and to a fourth segment consecutive to the third segment,

otherwise resolving the first detected conflict with the flight management system,
calculating with the flight management system a third transition between the third segment and a fourth segment,
detecting with the flight management system a second conflict between the second transition and the third transition,
if no conflict is detected with the flight management system, then return to the transition calculation step applied to the
third segment, to the fourth segment and to a fifth segment consecutive to the fourth segment,

otherwise jointly resolving the first conflict and the second conflict with the flight management system, wherein jointly
resolving the first conflict and the second conflict comprises: determination of a first straight line tangential to the first
transition at a first point and tangential to the second transition at a second point with the flight management system, and
determination of a second straight line tangential to the second transition at a third point and tangential to the third transition
at a fourth point with the flight management system, and

returning to the step of calculating a transition with the flight management system applied to the fourth segment and to the
fifth segment.

US Pat. No. 9,316,739

METHOD OF MONITORING THE INTEGRITY OF RADIO-NAVIGATION STATIONS IN A SATELLITE BASED AUGMENTATION SYSTEM

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A method for monitoring the integrity of stations for observing radio-navigation signals in a satellite based augmentation
system SBAS comprising:
defining at least one geographical zone comprising a plurality of observation stations,
calculating, for each observation station of the said zone and for each line of sight between the said station and a satellite,
the discrepancy between a theoretical pseudo-distance D and a measured pseudo-distance D?,

calculating the average m of the said discrepancies D?D? over the said zone for at least one satellite in visibility of the
said zone,

validating the integrity of at least one observation station of the said zone if the discrepancy between the theoretical pseudo-distance
D and the measured pseudo-distance D?, for the said station and for at least one line of sight between the said station and
a satellite, is less than or equal to the said average that is multiplied by a predetermined exclusion threshold, and excluding
this observation station in the converse case.

US Pat. No. 9,379,158

OPTICAL DETECTOR UNIT

THALES, Neuilly sur Sein...

1. An optical detector unit, of hybrid type, operating in a given wavelength range and comprising, in superposed manner:
a first optical detector, comprising detecting elements formed in a semiconductor structure, each detecting element converting
a flux of incident photons into an electrical signal, and

an imaging system comprising a second optical detector increasing the range of operating wavelengths of the optical detector
unit, and

a common readout circuit comprising a first read out circuit for reading the electrical signal from each detecting element
and a second read out circuit reading the electrical signals from the detecting elements of the second optical detector, the
first read out circuit and the second read out circuit being integrated together, in a manner so as to form the common read
out circuit,

the common read out circuit comprising electrodes connected one by one to the detecting elements of the first optical detector
using a first electrical contact, each first electrical contact being formed in an electrical interconnection hole that passes
through the semiconductor structure,

wherein each detecting element of the first optical detector comprises a photodiode including a doped zone that is annular
and extending in the semiconductor structure in a cylindrical manner around the electrical interconnection hole up to a predetermined
depth.

US Pat. No. 9,170,110

FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM HAVING TRAJECTORY CALCULATION

Thales, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A system for flight management of an aircraft over the terrestrial globe comprising calculation modules configured for:
using a spherical or ellipsoidal representation of the terrestrial globe, using input data from among a set comprising a first
current position of the aircraft, a second position to be reached, defined by a longitude and a latitude, a first angular
deviation separating an axis of orientation of a true North passing through the first position and an axis passing through
the first and second positions, a second angular deviation separating an axis of orientation of true North passing through
the second position and an axis passing through the first and second positions, and a distance separating the first position
and the second position,

wherein the said calculation modules are further configured for:
testing whether at least one of the said positions is situated in one of the polar regions when at least one of the said positions
is used as the input data to at least one of the calculation modules, and performing:

calculation of an angular deviation when the said angular deviation is not used as the input data to at least one of the calculation
modules,

calculation of the second position when the second position is not used as the input data to at least one of the calculation
modules, or

calculation of the distance when the distance is not used as the input data to at least one of the calculation modules,
wherein the calculations are performed with respect to an axis of orientation of true North;
wherein the axis of orientation of true North being the axis passing through the position considered from among the first
position or the second position and the geographical North and oriented towards the geographical North if no position is situated
in one of the polar regions; and

wherein the axis of orientation of true North being the axis directed along the meridian corresponding to the longitude of
the position considered from among the first position or the second position and oriented towards the geographical North if
the position considered is situated in a polar region.

US Pat. No. 9,112,451

ELECTRONIC RADIO SYSTEM FOR POWER AMPLIFICATION WITH PROTECTION IN TERMS OF STANDING WAVE RATE AND ASSOCIATED METHOD OF PROTECTION

THALES, Neuilly sur Sein...

1. An electronic radio system for power amplification of a radiofrequency signal, comprising the following modules:
an electronic circuit comprising at least one in-service amplifier component,
a detector able to measure at least one electrical parameter of said in-service amplifier component, comprising at least the
intensity of the electrical current supplying said in-service amplifier component,

a power attenuator able to adjust the output power of said electronic circuit, and
a programmable circuit able to receive and transmit commands to control the modules of said radio electronic system,
wherein the programmable circuit further includes a unit obtaining, from said detector, at least one measurement value relating
to the intensity of the electric current supplying said in-service amplifier component of said detector, and

a unit controlling said power attenuator in the case where at least one obtained measurement value exceeds a predetermined
threshold value corresponding thereto, said control unit being able to control said power attenuator iteratively to attenuate
the power by a predetermined value by repeatedly attenuating the power by the predetermined value, until at least one measurement
value obtained from said detector is below said corresponding predetermined threshold value, so as to gradually decrease the
power.

US Pat. No. 9,852,355

FACIAL ANALYSIS FOR VEHICLE ENTERTAINMENT SYSTEM METRICS

THALES AVIONICS, INC., I...

1. A vehicle entertainment system comprising:
a plurality of video display units configured to be mounted to fixed surfaces within a vehicle, wherein each of the video
display units comprises:

a display device configured to provide content to a user;
a camera configured to output a camera signal containing data representing the user's face; and
a processor configured to process the camera signal to identify facial features, to compare the facial features to defined
demographics rules, to identify user demographics based on the comparison of the facial features to the defined demographics
rules, to correlate the user demographics to a timeline of content consumed by the user through the video display unit to
generate enhanced content usage metrics, to process the camera signal to determine an eye viewing location on a display device
of the video display unit, and to correlate the eye viewing location to the timeline of content consumed by the user through
the video display unit to further generate the enhanced content usage metrics;

a communication interface configured to communicate with a central content usage analysis computer; and
a metrics computer within the vehicle, the metrics computer is communicatively connected to determine the departure city and/or
flight duration, to receive the enhanced content usage metrics from the video display units, to combine the enhanced content
usage metrics with the departure city and/or the flight duration to generate anonymized enhanced content usage metrics through
numerical statistics that hide individual values of the received enhanced content usage metrics, and to communicate the anonymized
enhanced content usage metrics from the vehicle through the communication interface for delivery to the central content usage
analysis computer separately located from the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,250,322

SIGNAL PROCESSING METHODS AND APPARATUS

Thales Holdings UK Plc, ...

1. A signal processor for performing an input signal transform of a signal, the signal processor comprising:
a signal demodulator for demodulating said input signal by a first chirp signal having a first chirp rate to obtain a reduced
bandwidth signal;

an all-pass quadratic phase filter for filtering the demodulated reduced bandwidth signal to introduce a delay proportional
to a frequency of said demodulated reduced bandwidth signal, wherein a constant of proportionality is the reciprocal of the
first chirp rate; and

a signal modulator for modulating said filtered signal from the all-pass quadratic phase filter by a second chirp signal having
a second chirp rate to obtain an increased bandwidth chirped signal, the second chirp rate chosen to provide an output representing
a time domain spectrum of said input signal,

wherein each of said first chirp signal and said second chirp signal is a complex signal representing a linear frequency modulated
chirp.

US Pat. No. 9,318,941

DOUBLE ROTOR STEPPING MOTOR

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A stepping motor comprising:
a stator comprising N stator contacts, where N is an integer greater than or equal to three,
a first rotor which is able to move with respect to the stator about an axis, the first rotor comprising a first set of teeth
distributed at a first pitch p1, and a second set of teeth distributed at a second pitch p2, and

a second rotor which is able to move with respect to the first rotor about the axis, the second rotor comprising N rotor contacts,
the N stator contacts comprising a plurality a of teeth distributed at the pitch p1, where a is an integer, the N stator contacts being distributed on the stator at a third pitch equal to p1(a+1/N), the teeth of the first set being able to be aligned individually with one of the stator contacts, the passage from
one alignment to a consecutive alignment causing the first rotor to move in a first direction with respect to the stator by
the pitch p1/N,

the N rotor contacts comprising a plurality b of teeth distributed at the pitch p2, where b is an integer, the N rotor contacts being distributed on the second rotor at a fourth pitch equal to p2(b+1/N) and being able to be aligned individually with one of the teeth of the second set, the passage from one alignment
to a consecutive alignment causing the second rotor to move in a second direction, opposite to the first direction, with respect
to the first rotor by the pitch p2/N.

US Pat. No. 9,323,952

CRYPTOGRAPHIC EQUIPMENT IMPLEMENTING RED/BLACK COMMUNICATION MODES

THALES, Neuilly sur Sein...

1. Cryptographic equipment, comprising:
a first input interface configured to interact with the cryptographic equipment and share sensitive or non-sensitive information
sequentially;

a red host domain configured to process sensitive information;
a cryptographic domain connected to the red host domain by a first upstream internal link and configured to apply cryptographic
functions;

a black host domain connected to the cryptographic domain by a first downstream internal link and configured to process non-sensitive
information;

an output interface connected to the black host domain by a first interface link and intended to manage information sharing
from the cryptographic equipment; and

a second input interface connected to the red host domain,
wherein the first input interface is configured to form a first secured connection with the output interface,
wherein the second input interface is configured to form a second secured connection with the output interface,
wherein the first and second secured connections are different and are arranged in parallel,
wherein the cryptographic domain includes:
a cryptographic unit comprising a cryptographic processing circuit which interacts with the red host domain through the first
upstream internal link, and with the black host domain through the first downstream internal link, and wherein the cryptographic
processing circuit is configured to process the sensitive information using the cryptographic functions, and

a management device comprising a management processor configured to interact with the first input interface through at least
one second interface link and with either the red host domain through a second upstream internal link, or the black host domain
through a second downstream internal link, but not with both simultaneously,

wherein the management processor is further configured to orient the sensitive information between the first input interface
and the second upstream internal link, or the non-sensitive information between the first input interface and the second downstream
internal link, without the non-sensitive information passing through the red host domain,

wherein the cryptographic unit and the management device are physically and logically separate from one another and independent,
wherein the cryptographic unit and the management device include identical protective housings configured to: i) protect the
integrity of the management device and ii) detect any tampering attempt, and

wherein the management device further comprises:
a bidirectional switch simultaneously connected to the second upstream internal link, the second downstream internal link,
and at least one second interface link, the bidirectional switch being configured to link the first input interface either
to the red host domain or to the black host domain, but not both simultaneously, and

a bidirectional switch controller connected simultaneously to:
the bidirectional switch, and
the first input interface, wherein the bidirectional switch controller is configured to: i) receive a selection instruction
for controlling the bidirectional switch according to a selected operating mode, and ii) inform the user of the current operating
mode.

US Pat. No. 9,232,214

OPTICAL DEVICE FOR DETECTION OF OPTICAL DEFECTS FOR AN IMAGING SYSTEM

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. An optical monitoring device for an optical imaging system having a focal plane, an optical axis and an entry pupil, said
system forming an image of a scene substantially at infinity on at least one image detector disposed substantially in said
focal plane, the device comprising:
at least one substantially a point emission source disposed on the periphery of the detector and substantially in the focal
plane, and

a reflecting element with a plane surface,
the element being disposed upstream of the imaging system when considering the direction of propagation of the light rays
coming from the scene, and according to a position and an inclination such that a monitoring image of the source produced
by the optical system and reflected by the element is disposed substantially in the focal plane on a detection element connected
to means for analyzing the monitoring image allowing potential optical defects to be identified,

the element having an annular shape so as to allow the passage of light rays coming from the scene and passing through the
entry pupil.

US Pat. No. 9,232,631

HYPERFREQUENCY INTERCONNECTION DEVICE

Thales, (FR)

1. A hyperfrequency interconnection device between two components, each component comprising a substantially planar upper
face and a signal line arranged on the upper face, the planes containing the upper faces of the components being substantially
mutually parallel and separated by a distance known as the height difference, the hyperfrequency interconnection device comprising:
a substrate comprising a lower face and a substantially planar upper face defined by a first axis and a second axis perpendicular
to the first axis,

a signal line arranged on the lower face of the substrate, a projection of the signal line into the plane of the upper face
forming the first axis,

at least two contact pads capable of electrically connecting the signal line of the device to the signal line of each component,
and

wherein the upper face of the substrate is waved along the second axis, capable of conferring to the substrate flexibility
along the first axis.

US Pat. No. 9,125,077

METHOD FOR MANAGING POTENTIALLY DISRUPTIVE NODES IN A MOBILE AD-HOC NETWORK

THALES, Courbevoie (FR) ...

1. A method for managing node communications in a mobile ad-hoc network, wherein at least a node in the said network performs
the following steps:
identifying if it is a Potentially Disruptive Node (PDN) or a non-PDN node, the PDN node being a node that has a number of
connected 1-hop neighbouring nodes greater than a predetermined value K, K being an integer of value 1 or greater;

when the node is identified as the PDN node, selecting a subset of the 1-hop neighbour nodes, the selected nodes being only
the 1-hop neighbour nodes that are allowed to communicate directly with the PDN node, the selected nodes being called Bridge
Nodes (BN), non-BN nodes being called Regular Nodes (RN), the RN nodes being able to communicate with PDN nodes via the selected
BN nodes.

US Pat. No. 9,106,326

METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE IMPERFECTIONS OF A TRANSMIT PATHWAY AND OF A RECEIVE PATHWAY OF AN APPARATUS, AND ASSOCIATED RADIO APPARATUS

Thales, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A method for determining imperfections of a transmit pathway and of a receive pathway of an apparatus, the transmit pathway
comprising a first device for frequency transposition of an analogue sequence to an analogue signal, using a first transposition
frequency, said receive pathway comprising a second device for frequency transposition of an analogue signal to an analogue
sequence, using a second transposition frequency different from the first transposition frequency, said method comprising
the following sequential steps:
generating at least two different first analogue sequences,
performing a frequency transposition at said first transposition frequency of the first analogue sequences to analogue signals,
by the transmit pathway,

transmitting the analogue signals of the transmit pathway to the receive pathway,
performing a frequency transposition from said second transposition frequency of the analogue signals received to second analogue
sequences, by the receive pathway,

calculating first amplitudes and first phases, of a plurality of spectral components of at least two of the first analogue
sequences at first frequencies of interest and second amplitudes and second phases, of a plurality of spectral components
of at least two of the second analogue sequences at second frequencies of interest,
said method comprising at least one of the following two independent steps:
determining the imperfections of the transmit pathway on the basis solely of the first amplitudes, first phases, second amplitudes
and second phases, and

determining the imperfections of the receive pathway on the basis solely of the second amplitudes and second phases.

US Pat. No. 9,091,541

COMPASS

Thales Holdings UK PLC, ...

1. A direction determination device comprising one or more rotation sensitive sensors and means for rotating the one or more
rotation sensitive sensors, wherein the means for rotating is configured to produce two or more rotation speeds of the one
or more rotation sensitive sensors during a single direction determination operation,
wherein the direction determination device is configured to determine a direction using the Coriolis effect.

US Pat. No. 9,058,045

CURRENT GENERATOR, NOTABLY FOR CURRENT OF THE ORDER OF NANO-AMPERES, AND VOLTAGE REGULATOR USING SUCH A GENERATOR

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A current generator using field-effect transistors, the current generator comprising:
a first plurality of Q transistors connected as a current mirror and linked to a supply voltage, each of the first plurality
of transistors having a channel of a first polarity;

a second plurality of Q-1 transistors connected as a current mirror, each having a channel of a second polarity that is the reverse of the first polarity,
and each connected in series to a transistor included in the first plurality of transistors;

a first transistor N3R having a channel of the second polarity and a gate, having an equivalent resistance Req, and connected in series with a transistor included in the second plurality of transistors; and

a second transistor N4 having a gate and a drain, connected as a current mirror with the first transistor N3R, and connected in series with a transistor included in the first plurality of transistors, the gate and the drain of the
transistor N4 are linked; wherein

the first transistor N3R operates in its linear zone,

an amount of current generated by the current generator depends on the equivalent resistance Req of the first transistor N3R, and

the first and second transistors N3R, N4 each have an ultra-long channel, each ultra-long channel having a ratio L/W greater than several hundred, L being the length
of the ultra-long channel and W its width, the values of W and of L/W being determined to obtain a stable value of current
as a function of a variation of the supply voltage.

US Pat. No. 9,054,414

ANTENNA SYSTEM FOR LOW-EARTH-ORBIT SATELLITES

Thales Alenia Space Itali...

1. An antenna system, comprising:
a reflection system that comprises a reflector having a rotational symmetry with respect to an axis of symmetry; and
an electronically steerable planar radiating array having a rotational symmetry with respect to the axis of symmetry, the
electronically steerable planar radiating array being arranged in a focal region of the reflection system, wherein a primary
radiofrequency beam, oriented in a predefined direction of illumination with respect to the axis of symmetry, radiates towards
the reflection system from the electronically steerable planar radiating array and is reflected by the reflection system such
that the reflector generates a secondary radiofrequency beam that is transmitted away from the reflector,

wherein a region of the reflector is shaped to transmit the secondary radiofrequency beam by reflection in a plurality of
directions according to an isoflux distribution that extends from, and is inclusive of, an angle of zero degrees relative
to the axis of symmetry to a non-zero maximum angle of transmission relative to the axis of symmetry,

wherein at least one of a shape or a size of the region of the reflector prevents transmission of the isoflux distribution
of the secondary radiofrequency beam by the reflector from being blocked by the antenna system; and

wherein the region of the reflector comprises (i) a first portion that is shaped to direct the secondary radiofrequency beam
in first predefined directions of transmission at the non-zero maximum angle of transmission; and (ii) a second portion that
extends around the first portion of the reflector and is to direct the secondary radiofrequency beam in second predetermined
directions of transmission between the angle of zero degrees and the non-zero maximum angle of transmission as well as at
the angle of zero degrees.

US Pat. No. 9,423,502

PSEUDOLITE POSITIONING SYSTEM

Thales, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A system for positioning an object in an area of interest having a confined area, said system comprising:
a set of pseudolites distributed in the confined area, each pseudolite in said set of pseudolites having a spreading code
corresponding to a spreading code of a satellite belonging to a constellation of satellites of a satellite navigation system,
and each pseudolite being configured to transmit positioning signals characterized by a time desynchronization and an apparent
Doppler frequency of the positioning signals, and said object comprising a receiver capable of acquiring the positioning signals,
said system further comprising:

a server configured to determine said time desynchronization and/or said apparent Doppler frequency of the positioning signals
transmitted by each pseudolite in the set of pseudolites so that there is no ambiguity concerning a location of correlation
peaks in a matrix of ambiguities defined by the time desynchronization and the apparent Doppler frequency of the positioning
signals acquired by the receiver, said no ambiguity in the location of correlation peaks being provided by the server by an
offset in apparent Doppler frequency and/or the time desynchronization of the positioning signals.

US Pat. No. 9,343,792

BAND-PASS FILTER THAT CAN BE FREQUENCY TUNED INCLUDING A DIELECTRIC ELEMENT CAPABLE OF CARRYING OUT A ROTATION

Thales, Neuilly sur Sein...

1. A band-pass filter that can be frequency-tuned, has a central frequency, and includes an axis along which a microwave is
propagated, the band-pass filter comprising:
an input resonator including a metal input cavity and an input dielectric element placed inside the metal input cavity, the
input dielectric element being capable of disrupting a resonance mode of the microwave in the metal input cavity,

an output resonator comprising a metal output cavity and an output dielectric element placed inside the metal output cavity,
the output dielectric element being capable of disrupting the resonance mode of the microwave in the metal output cavity,

an input excitation means of elongate shape positioned along the axis and penetrating the metal input cavity in order to allow
the microwave to penetrate the metal input cavity,

an output excitation means of elongate shape positioned along the axis and penetrating the metal output cavity in order to
allow the microwave to exit the metal output cavity,

wherein the input resonator is coupled to the output resonator,
wherein each of the input dielectric element and the output dielectric element have a recess,
wherein the input excitation means penetrates the recess of the input dielectric element so that the input dielectric element
disrupts an electromagnetic field close to the input excitation means,

wherein the output excitation means penetrates the recess of the output dielectric element so that the output dielectric element
disrupts the electromagnetic field close to the output excitation means,

wherein the input dielectric element is capable of carrying out a rotation about an input rotation axis, the recess of the
input dielectric element being suitable for allowing the rotation about the input rotation axis of the input dielectric element
while keeping the input excitation means inside the recess of the input dielectric element,

wherein the output dielectric element is capable of carrying out a rotation about an output rotation axis, the recess of the
output dielectric element being suitable for allowing the rotation about the output rotation axis of the output dielectric
element while keeping the output excitation means inside the recess of the output dielectric element,

wherein the input dielectric element has a flat shape having a height that is less than a smallest one of at least 2 external
dimensions of the input dielectric element in a plane perpendicular to a direction along the height of the input dielectric
element by at least a factor of 3,

wherein the output dielectric element has a flat shape having a height that is less than a smallest one of at least 2 external
dimensions of the output dielectric element in a plane perpendicular to a direction along the height of the output dielectric
element by at least a factor of 3, and

wherein the rotation about the input rotation axis of the input dielectric element and the rotation about the output rotation
axis of the output dielectric element allow modifications of the central frequency of the band-pass filter.

US Pat. No. 9,250,037

METHOD FOR DETERMINING CORRECTIONS FOR ARTILLERY FIRE

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A method for determining corrections for artillery fire toward a fixed target using a fixed optronic geographical positioning
system which can be oriented and equipped with a device for measuring the orientation of the line of sight thereof, a laser
rangefinder, system positioning means, a display screen provided with a fixed crosshair and harmonized with the axis of the
rangefinder, and means for displaying and moving another crosshair on the screen, which method includes the following step:
orienting the observation system so as to display the fixed crosshair on the image of the target on the display screen and
calculating geographical coordinates of the target as a function of the distance provided by the rangefinder, the orientation
provided by the orientation-measuring device, and the position of the optronic system provided by the positioning means,

wherein, in the event that, after firing, the impact of the firing and the target do not coincide, it includes the following
steps:

the orientation of the system being fixed:
displaying on the display screen a second crosshair on the image of the impact and measuring on the display screen the offset
between the two crosshairs,

displaying a third crosshair on the display screen at a position that is symmetrical to that of the second crosshair relative
to the first crosshair,

orienting the optronic system in order to position the third crosshair on the image of the target, the first crosshair then
coinciding with the image of the impact point, and

actuating the rangefinder in order to obtain the distance between the system and the impact.

US Pat. No. 9,229,449

METHOD FOR AIDING THE FORMULATION OF THE SPEED STRATEGY OF AN AIRCRAFT WITH A VIEW TO ADHERING TO A TIME CONSTRAINT

Thales, Neuilly sur Sein...

1. Method for aiding the formulation of the speed strategy of an aircraft using a flight management system comprising:
a. defining a time constraint associated with a required time of arrival of the aircraft using the flight management system
at a constraint point (RTA);

b. periodically calculating an estimated minimum time of arrival (ETAmin) corresponding to the minimum time at which the aircraft
can reach the constraint point;

c. periodically calculating an estimated maximum time of arrival (ETAmax) corresponding to the maximum time at which the aircraft
can reach the constraint point;

d. when the required time of arrival is greater than

 defining a first target required time of arrival (RTA target) between the required time of arrival and ETA max;
e. when the required time of arrival is less than

 defining a first target required time of arrival (RTAtarget) between the required time of arrival and ETAmin;
f. using the first target required time of arrival for the formulation of the aircraft's speed strategy to increase the available
margin of manoeuvre with a view to the formulation of future speed strategies.

US Pat. No. 9,166,649

METHOD OF DETECTING INTERFERENCE IN A SATELLITE RADIO-NAVIGATION SIGNAL BY DETECTING A DEFORMATION OF THE CORRELATION FUNCTION

Thales, Neuilly-sur-Sein...

1. Method, implemented by a radio-navigation signals receiver comprising a correlator and an interference detector, for detecting
interference in a received satellite radio-navigation signal, comprising the steps of:
calculating, at the correlator, a correlation function correlating the received satellite radio-navigation signal with a local
spreading code, the said correlation function having substantially a theoretical form of an isosceles triangle,

calculating, at the interference detector, an item of information representative of a slope of the correlation function, the
said slope being estimated on any one of the equal-length sides of the said isosceles triangle; and

comparing, at the interference detector, the said item of information with a detection threshold configured at least as a
function of a target signal-to-noise ratio and producing, from said comparison, an information on the presence or absence
of interference in the received satellite radio-navigation signal to thereby improve performance of the receiver.

US Pat. No. 9,828,011

COMMUNICATION SYSTEM FOR GUIDEWAY MOUNTED VEHICLE AND METHOD OF USING THE SAME

Thales Canada Inc, Toron...

1. A communication system for a guideway mounted vehicle, the communication system comprises:
a control system communication system configured to exchange information between the guideway mounted vehicle and an external
control system, wherein the information is used to generate instructions to the guideway mounted vehicle;

a vehicle-to-vehicle communication system configured to exchange information between the guideway mounted vehicle and another
vehicle along the guideway, wherein the vehicle-to-vehicle communication system is separate from the control system communication
system, and the vehicle-to-vehicle communication system is configured to exchange information directly between the guideway
mounted vehicle and the other vehicle; and

a vital on-board controller (VOBC) configured to generate instructions to automatically establish communication between the
guideway mounted vehicle and the other vehicle through the vehicle-to-vehicle communication system if a distance between the
guideway mounted vehicle and the other vehicle is within a communication initiation distance (CID), for controlling the exchange
of information between the guideway mounted vehicle and the external control system through the control system communication
system, and to generate instructions for controlling the exchange of information between the guideway mounted vehicle and
the other vehicle, and wherein the CID is at least equal to a stopping distance of the guideway mounted vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,485,225

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A FILTERING MODULE

THALES, Neuilly sur Sein...

1. A processor-implemented method for manufacturing a filtering module, according to a predetermined security policy, between
a first hardware processing module, and a second hardware processing module, the first hardware processing module processing
information with a first sensitivity level, the second hardware processing module processing information with a second sensitivity
level distinct from the first sensitivity level, the first and second hardware processing modules being connected, in parallel
with the filtering module, by a hardware cryptographic module for applying cryptographic functions, the modules being contained
on a non-transitory computer-readable medium, the method comprising:
manufacturing a set of filtering rules translating the predetermined security policy in a compilable language, the filtering
rules manufacturing the properties of the information whereof transmission is allowed by the filtering module between the
first and second hardware processing modules;

validation processing for the predefined set of rules, validating that a transmission authorization or refusal has in fact
been provided by applying the set of rules to any information that is provided at the input of the filtering module;

compiling the predefined set of rules; and
integrating the compiled set of rules into a rules database of the filtering module,
wherein the set of filtering rules includes at least one protocol automaton, defined by a set of states corresponding to successive
steps of the implementation of a communication protocol, and events causing transitions between the states,

wherein the step for validating the coherence of the rules comprises detecting at least one anomaly from among:
the existence in the set of rules of first and second rules associated with different actions, the first rule being applied
on all of the objects of the second;

the existence in the set of rules of two rules associated with different actions, and each of them is applied on a subset
of the objects to which the other is applied; and

the existence of two rules executing the same action on the same objects,
wherein the set of filtering rules defines static, time and dynamic properties of the information authorized to be transmitted,
wherein the hardware filtering module includes a hardware processing module adapted for executing all of the rules integrated
into the rules database upon receipt of information to be filtered.

US Pat. No. 9,379,642

SWITCHED-MODE POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM AND AIRCRAFT COMPRISING SUCH A SYSTEM

THALES, Neuilly sur Sein...

1. An electric power supply system intended to be connected at the input to an electric power source and at the output to
a load, comprising:
a main switching cell (6) comprising a first main branch (14) and a second main branch (16) each including a main switch (T1, T2) which is controllable between an open state and a closed state, and

an auxiliary switching cell (10) connected to the main switching cell (6) and comprising a first secondary branch (20) and a second secondary branch (22) each including a secondary switch (T3, T4) controllable between an open state and a closed state on the one hand, and a connection branch (24) for connecting the auxiliary switching cell (10) to the main switching cell (6), the connection branch (24) including a switching inductor (L1), on the other hand,

the main switching cell (6) and the auxiliary switching cell (10) being connected, cascaded from each other,

the auxiliary switching cell (10) further comprising at least two switching capacitors (C1, C2), a switching capacitor (C1) being positioned to parallel to one of the secondary switches (T3, T4) and another switching capacitor (C2) being positioned parallel to one of the main switches (T1, T2),

the power supply system further comprising two input terminals (E1, E2), two output terminals (S2, S2), an output filter (8) connected between the output terminals (S1, S2) and an inductor (L2), the inductor (L2) being comprised in the output filter (8) or else connected to one of the input terminals (E1, E2) and to the main switching cell (6), said inductor (L2) being capable of being passed through by an inductor current (i2),

the power supply system being capable of receiving an input voltage (Ve) and of providing at the output an output voltage
(Vs), the power supply system (4) further comprising control means (12) able to control the opening and the closing of the main switches (T1, T2) and secondary main switches (T3, T4) for voltage-controlling the power supply system according to the input voltage (Ve) or to the output voltage (Vs), or else
current-controlling the power supply system according to the inductor current (i2),

the control means (12) being configured to control the secondary switches (T3, T4) with opposite phases in relation to each other depending on an auxiliary switching current (i1 ) passing through the switching inductor (L1), to the state of the main switches (T1, T2) and to the voltage on the terminals of the secondary switch of the second secondary branch of the auxiliary switching cell
(Vsw1),

wherein the control means (12) are configured for controlling the closing of the secondary switch (T3) of the first secondary branch (20) of the auxiliary switching cell (T3):

if the main switch (T1) of the first main branch (14) of the main switching cell (6) is closed and the auxiliary switching current (i1) is less than a second current threshold (I1_th_neg) of negative value, and

if the voltage on the terminals of the secondary switch (T4) of the second secondary branch (22) of the auxiliary switching cell (Vsw1) is greater than a first secondary threshold value (Vsw113 th13 h), or else the main switch (T1) of the first main branch (14) of the main switching cell (6) is closed and the auxiliary switching current (i1) is less than the second threshold current (I1_th_neg) for a predetermined time,

and for controlling the opening of the secondary switch (T3) of the first secondary branch (20) of the auxiliary switching cell (10) if the main switch (T2) of the second main branch (16) of the main switching cell (6) is closed and the auxiliary switching current (i1) is greater than a first current threshold (I1_th_pos) of positive value, and

wherein the control means (12) are configured for controlling the closing of the secondary switch (T4) of the second secondary branch (22) of the auxiliary switching cell:

if the main switch (T2) of the second main branch (16) of the main switching cell is closed and the auxiliary switching current (i1) is greater than the first current threshold (I1_th_pos), and

if the voltage on the terminals of the secondary switch of the second secondary branch of the auxiliary switching cell (Vsw1) is less than a second secondary threshold value (Vsw1_th13 1), or else the main switch (T2) of the second main branch (16) of the main switching cell is closed and the auxiliary switching current (i1) is greater than the first current threshold (I1_th_pos) for a predetermined time,

and for controlling the opening of the secondary switch of the second secondary branchy (22) of the auxiliary switching cell (T4) if the main switch of the first main branch (14) of the main switching cell (6) is closed and the auxiliary switching current (i1) is less than the second current threshold (i1_th_neg).

US Pat. No. 9,356,597

BIDIRECTIONAL DATA EXCHANGE CIRCUIT

THALES, Neuilly sur Sein...

1. A bidirectional data exchange circuit (10) comprising:
a buffer (16) including:

a first set of terminals (A1 . . . A8) and a second set of terminals (B1 . . . B8) the terminals of which are matched pairwise
for a bidirectional data exchange between two matched terminals of both sets;

a transfer direction input (20) between two matched terminals from an input to an output, the input being placed at a high impedance state in the absence
of voltage on these terminals;

an input (42; 142) for controlling the transfer direction; and

a logic gate (50; 150) for which:

the output is connected to the transfer direction input (20) of the buffer (16);

an input is connected to the input for controlling the transfer direction (42; 142), this input being further connected to a first reference potential (Vcc; 0) through a resistor (52; 152); and

the other input is connected to a terminal (A1; B1) of the buffer (16) and to the first reference potential (Vcc; 0) through a resistor (54; 154);

the terminal (B1; A1) of the buffer (16) matched with the terminal (A1; B1) of the buffer to which is connected the other input of the logic gate (50; 150) being connected to a second reference potential (0; Vcc) through a resistor (56; 156);

and in that the order of the first and second reference potentials and the nature of the logic gate (50; 150) are such that, after a first transfer direction control of the buffer in one direction, the matched terminals (A1; B1) force
the logic gate (50; 150) into a predetermined state independent of the value of the signal on the direction control input (42; 142).

US Pat. No. 9,300,389

METHOD FOR PROPAGATING MESSAGES IN A COMMUNICATION NETWORK TO A SATELLITE NETWORK

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A method for propagating messages in a communication network to a satellite network, the communication network being made
up of a set of users and the satellite network comprising at least one satellite, the set of users comprising a sender and
a recipient, said recipient being intended to send to the satellite network an initial message originating from the sender,
at least one satellite of the satellite network being visible to said recipient, said satellite being able to receive messages
sent by said recipient, each user in the set of users being able to send a message with a range such that a subset of users,
being visible users, can receive said messages, so that a message can be transmitted from user to user, so that, the initial
message sent by the sender, can be transmitted to the recipient by passing through a number of intermediary users, the number
being between: zero, if the sender and recipient are visible users to each other, and infinite, if there is no chain of intermediate
users going to the recipient,
each user determining a number of intermediaries needed to reach the recipient and periodically sending a message comprising
said number of intermediaries needed to reach the recipient, and wherein said initial message is sent by the sender to a visible
user having a lowest number of intermediaries to reach the recipient, being an optimal intermediary, said optimal intermediary
becoming, in turn, sender and sending the initial message, the operation being repeated until the recipient is reached.

US Pat. No. 9,188,427

PROJECTIVE OPTICAL METROLOGY SYSTEM

Thales Alenia Space Itali...

1. A projective optical metrology system comprising a first and a second optical units, the first optical unit comprising:
an optical input configured to receive a first light signal;
a number of optical paths;
a separator configured to separate a number of components of the first light signal received by the optical input and to couple
each of the separated components to a corresponding optical path; and

a light target designed to emit a second light signal and formed by a number of light elements, each light element being optically
coupled to a corresponding optical path, so as to be illuminated, in use, by the component of the first light signal coupled
to said corresponding optical path;
and wherein the second optical unit comprises:
a light source designed to generate said first light signal;
an optoelectronic sensor designed to receive said second light signal, such that said second light signal forms an image of
the light target on said optoelectronic sensor; and

an electronic processing unit configured to determine at least one quantity indicative of the mutual arrangement of the light
target and the second optical unit, on the basis of said image.

US Pat. No. 9,347,805

METHOD FOR OPTIMALLY DETERMINING THE CHARACTERISTICS AND ARRANGEMENT OF A SET OF SENSORS FOR MONITORING AN AREA

Thales, Courbevoie (FR)

1. An iterative method, implemented by a computer, for optimizing the design of a system for monitoring a geographical zone
comprising a plurality of sensors of different types and characteristics represented by a vector S comprising the type and
the characteristics of a sensor and its position in said zone, said system exhibiting a plurality of absolute technical constraints
that must be respected by the plurality of sensors of said system, said method comprising the following steps implemented
by the computer comprising at least a processor and a memory:
initializing the vector S to a solution S0,

perturbing the sensors making up the solution Sn at the iteration of index n, to obtain a new candidate solution sn+1 at the iteration of index n+1, said perturbation entailing changing the type or the characteristic of at least one of said
sensors, the possible sensor types also including a dummy type whose characteristics have no impact on the global cost of
the solution S,

evaluating the cost of said solution sn+1 on a basis of a global cost function C(S) determined as a combination of a plurality of sub-criteria Ck(S) for optimizing at least one characteristic of said plurality of sensors of which the solution S is composed,

selecting the new current solution Sn+1 at the iteration n+1 on the basis of a probability of transition Ptransition=?(C(Sn), C(sn+1)) which decreases as a function of (C(sn+1)?C(Sn)) culminating in a selection of the new candidate solution Sn+1=sn+1 or in the retaining of the previous solution Sn+1=Sn,

storing, at each iteration, the best solution Sbest obtained which satisfies the relation:

if C(sn+1)
a test step for stopping or continuing the iterations of said method, and
when the stopping test is positive, a final step of producing the optimal solution Sbest containing the number, the type, the characteristics and the position of the sensors suitable for monitoring said geographical
zone.

US Pat. No. 9,325,370

SYNCHRONIZATION METHOD AND SYSTEM

Thales, Courbevoie, Pari...

1. A method for receiving a synchronization signal transmitted by a radio transmitter using at least two different first frequencies,
each of the at least two first frequencies being within a corresponding one of at least two first temporal intervals separated
by a different respective first duration, said first temporal intervals being of identical length, said first durations have
a different length for each of said at least two different first frequencies, the method comprising:
a first step of, using a radio receiver, receiving and demodulating the synchronization signal, said demodulation being carried
out using a locally generated second frequency;

a second step of, using the radio receiver, determining: (1) at least two second temporal intervals in which an energy of
the demodulated synchronization signal is at a maximum, and (2) at least one second duration separating the at least two second
temporal intervals;

the second step further including comparing the at least one second duration and said first durations in order to determine
at least one gap between at least one of the first frequencies and said second frequency; and

a third step of synchronizing the radio receiver to the synchronization signal using said at least one gap.

US Pat. No. 9,103,771

DEVICE FOR QUANTIFYING THE DEGASSING OF A PIECE OF EQUIPMENT ARRANGED IN A VACUUM CHAMBER

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A quantification device for quantifying the degassing of a piece of equipment placed in a vacuum chamber, the quantification
device comprising:
a metal blade made from a ferromagnetic material comprising a fixed end and a free end, the blade being provided with a cooling
device and a measurement device for measuring an intrinsic temperature of the blade;

an electromagnet for exciting the blade; and
a measurement sensor for measuring the excitation of the free end of the blade connected to a signal conditioning device comprising
an acquisition and calculation device for acquiring measurements and for calculating at least one oscillation frequency of
the free end of the blade, the acquisition and calculation device being connected to a calculation device for calculating
a surface density of a mass deposited on the blade,

wherein the cooling device is configured to cool the blade to a temperature lower than a solidification temperature of polluting
particles being deqassed in the vacuum chamber.

US Pat. No. 9,079,672

THROUGH-PIVOT WITH FLEXIBLE ELEMENTS AND SPACECRAFT COMPRISING SUCH A PIVOT

THALES, Neuilly-sur-Sein...

1. A through-pivot comprising:
a first ring and a second ring, the two rings being stacked along and having a symmetry of revolution about one and the same
longitudinal axis, one of the two rings being able to rotate about the longitudinal axis with respect to the other ring, and

at least one floating frame able to rotate about the longitudinal axis and positioned on the inside of the two rings, the
two rings being connected to the same floating frame by at least one first set and, respectively, at least one second set,
of several flexible elements running in a direction that is transverse to the two rings,

wherein the second ring comprises two identical distinct annular parts arranged symmetrically on each side of the first ring,
each annular part being connected to the same floating frame.

US Pat. No. 9,312,649

BACKWARD COMPATIBLE MULTICHANNEL CONNECTOR

1. A connector, comprising:
a housing configured to accommodate a plurality of contact pins, the housing including a plurality of contact pin locations,
wherein the plurality of contact pin locations include a first set of contact pin locations designated for a first channel
and a second set of contact pin locations designated for a second channel;

a first set of contact pins disposed at the first set of contact pin locations, the first set of contact pins being configured
to carry a first signal associated with the first channel; and

a second set of contact pins disposed at the second set of contact pin locations, the second set of contact pins being configured
to carry a second signal associated with the second channel,

wherein the housing comprises a first alignment position and a second alignment position,
wherein mating the connector with a single channel connector at the first alignment position connects the first channel to
the single channel connector, and

wherein mating the connector with the single channel connector at the second alignment position connects the second channel
to the mated single channel connector.

US Pat. No. 9,285,849

METHOD OF MANAGING THE ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF AN APPLICATION EXECUTABLE IN VARIOUS ENVIRONMENTS AND SOFTWARE ARCHITECTURE IMPLEMENTING SUCH A METHOD

Thales, Neuilly sur Sein...

1. A method for managing energy consumption of an application, the application being executable by hardware comprising a set
of processors using an operating system, the method comprising:
identifying time constraints of the application;
annotating code sections of the application that are subject to the time constraints, the annotating being performed by means
of software markers, the software markers delimiting code segments;

determining worst case execution times of the code segments in a set of execution modes; and
memorizing execution times of the code segments in an execution library for each execution mode, the library being able to
be interfaced with hardware, the operating system, and the application and to execute an energy management strategy by controlling
a state of the processors.

US Pat. No. 9,209,892

AUTOMATIC GAIN CORRECTION CIRCUIT WITH VARIABLE SETPOINT

Thales, Courbevoie (FR)

1. An automatic gain correction circuit configured to receive an input radiofrequency signal and to deliver an output radiofrequency
signal of which a mean amplitude is slaved to a setpoint, comprising:
means for generating the setpoint as a function of the mean amplitude of the input signal, said setpoint configured to evolve
between a minimum setpoint value and a maximum setpoint value, the minimum setpoint value corresponding to a first mean amplitude
of the input signal and the maximum setpoint value corresponding to a second mean amplitude of the input signal, the first
mean amplitude being lower than the second mean amplitude;

an open loop;
an adder receiving on a first input the input signal and on a second input a signal as output from the open loop, the adder
delivering on an output the output signal;

a return loop receiving said output signal;
a subtractor receiving on a first input a signal as output from the return loop and on a second input the setpoint, the subtractor
having an output delivering a signal equal to the difference between the two signals received as input, said signal being
injected on an input of the open loop; and

a regulating loop receiving a signal from the open loop and delivering the setpoint.

US Pat. No. 9,064,652

ELECTRICAL SWITCH, OF THE NORMALLY-CLOSED TYPE, ESPECIALLY FOR A PORTABLE COMMUNICATION DEVICE

THALES, Neuilly sur Sein...

9. A contact key flexible membrane keypad, comprising:
a printed circuit board equipped with at least one front contact face and one back contact face each placed in the vicinity
of one of the opposite edges of a slot provided in the said printed circuit board, and

a flexible contact strip, comprising at least one flexible center tab, and a first and a second side tab each electrically
and mechanically joined to the flexible center tab at a common point positioned substantially in one and the same plane, laterally
adjacent to said flexible center tab, the first and second side tabs being arranged in offset position in an orthogonal direction
to said plane to form a first insertion space and a second insertion space of the printed circuit board provided with a slot
and at least one front contact face and one back contact face disposed in the vicinity of the two opposite edges of said slot,

wherein the flexible contact strip is inserted in said slot and forms a normally closed electrical contact between the front
contact face and the back contact face, said flexible strip having a pressure point for enabling the exertion of a force for
breaking the normally closed electrical contact.

US Pat. No. 9,065,173

MULTIPLE-REFLECTOR ANTENNA FOR TELECOMMUNICATIONS SATELLITES

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A multiple-reflector antenna for telecommunications satellites including a shaft, to which are attached at least two sub-reflectors,
rotating in relation to a load-bearing structure, and a motor including a rotor able to drive the shaft in rotation, and a
stator attached to the load-bearing structure, the multiple-reflector antenna further comprising:
two bearings enabling the shaft to rotate in relation to the load-bearing structure, the sub-reflectors being attached to
the shaft between the two bearings,

a torsionally rigid mechanical filter, placed between the shaft and the rotor, enabling the rotor to transmit the rotational
movement to the shaft, that is able to absorb the alignment errors between the rotor and the shaft, and able to dampen the
stresses generated by the shaft on the motor,

locking means able to hold the angular position of the shaft in relation to the load-bearing structure, in a first stored
arrangement being stowed, and to use the motor to release the shaft to enable it to rotate, in an operational arrangement
referred to as “unstowed”.

US Pat. No. 9,045,241

METHOD FOR REDUCING THE ANGULAR MOMENTUM AND CONTROLLING THE ATTITUDE OF A SPACECRAFT

THALES, Neuilly sur Sein...

1. A method for reducing an angular momentum of a spacecraft, the spacecraft comprising:
a propulsion device able to generate a torque of modulatable amplitude along a Z axis, the Z axis corresponding substantially
to an axis of maximum inertia or minimum inertia of the spacecraft, an X axis and a Y axis forming with Z a direct orthogonal
frame attached to the spacecraft;

an angular momentum accumulating device, able to generate and control, via control of angular velocities of flywheels belonging
to the angular momentum accumulating device, an angular momentum and a torque along the X, Y and Z axes; and

a set of sensors able to measure angular velocities ?x, ?y, ?z) of the spacecraft along the X, Y and Z axes, and to deliver an estimation of the angular momentum of the spacecraft;

wherein said method comprises:
a first step of aligning the angular momentum of the spacecraft along the Z axis, which includes slaving the angular momentum
of the angular momentum accumulating device along the X axis and the Y axis, respectively, to the angular velocity of the
spacecraft, along the Y axis and the X axis, respectively, creating gyroscopic torques that tend to reduce the angular velocities
of the spacecraft along the X and Y axes; and

a second step of reducing the angular momentum of the spacecraft by means of a Z-axis torque generated by the propulsion device.

US Pat. No. 9,046,894

NAVIGATION AID METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE PATH OF AN AIRCRAFT

Thales, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A navigation aid method for determining, by an instruction giver, the path of an aircraft initially following a predetermined
path in an approach phase and upon which are defined a safety altitude and an alarm limit, said aircraft comprising a navigation
system of an Inertial Navigation System/Global Navigation Satellite System (INS/GNSS) type comprising a satellite navigation
receiver and at least one inertial unit, said method comprising:
determining a current position of the aircraft;
determining a future path of the aircraft from the current position;
estimating a predicted protection radii on the future path, starting at a calculation time in a case of a critical situation,
in terms of a loss of GNSS position information, which starts at the calculation time;

calculating a limit time after which the predicted protection radius is greater than or equal to the alarm limit;
calculating a limit extraction time that corresponds to a maximum time after which the aircraft must leave the predetermined
path in order to be able to reach the safety altitude by the time limit; and

transmitting the value of the limit extraction time to the instruction giver.

US Pat. No. 9,930,707

IN-FLIGHT ENTERTAINMENT SYSTEM THAT IDENTIFIES WIRELESS ACCESS POINT LOCATIONS WITHIN CABIN

Thales Avionics, Inc., I...

1. A method by a Cabin Wireless Access Point (CWAP) server, comprising:receiving from each of a plurality of CWAPs spaced apart within the vehicle cabin, a Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) discover request message from the CWAP installed in a vehicle cabin, the DHCP discover request message containing data identifying one of a plurality of defined physical locations within the vehicle cabin where a respective one of the CWAPs is installed;
for each of the plurality of CWAPs, identifying the physical location of the CWAP within the vehicle cabin responsive to a value contained in an Option 77 code field of the DHCP discover request message;
for each of the plurality of CWAPs, assigning an IP address to the CWAP responsive to the physical location of the CWAP identified by the value contained in the Option 77 code;
for each of the plurality of CWAPs, communicating to the CWAP a DHCP offer message containing the IP address;
for each of the plurality of CWAPs, assigning a frequency resource to the CWAP responsive to the physical location of the CWAP identified by the value contained in the Option 77 code, by operations comprising:
assigning non-overlapping frequency resources to pairs of the CWAPs that are identified, based on the value contained in the Option 77 code, as being physically located within a threshold range of each other; and
assigning at least partially overlapping frequency resources to pairs of the CWAPs that are identified, based on the value contained in the Option 77 code, as being physically located beyond the threshold range of each other; and
for each of the plurality of CWAPs, communicating to the CWAP configuration data identifying the frequency resource assigned to the CWAP.

US Pat. No. 9,472,107

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DETERMINING A CONTROL SET POINT OF AN AIRCRAFT, ASSOCIATED COMPUTER PROGRAM AND AIRCRAFT

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A method for determining a control set point of an aircraft, the control set point being configured to be transmitted to
at least one avionics system from at least one actuator control system and at least one guidance system, the method being
carried out by an electronic device for determining the control set point and comprising:
calculating a performance scale in the form of slope values of the aircraft, the performance scale comprising at least one
slope characteristic, each slope characteristic value being associated with a corresponding performance characteristic value
from among extreme values of thrust, extreme values of drag, extreme values of ground acceleration, predetermined specific
values of thrust, predetermined specific values of drag, predetermined specific values of ground acceleration and characteristic
values of guidance set points;

acquiring at least one guidance set point;
displaying at least one guidance set point among the acquired guidance set point(s), in the form of a slope value with respect
to the performance scale;

determining at least one slope characteristic value associated with a corresponding guidance set point, displayed in the form
of a slope value; and

calculating at least one control set point for the aircraft, each control set point being calculated relative to the performance
characteristic value corresponding to the associated slope characteristic value for each guidance set point displayed in the
form of a slope value.

US Pat. No. 9,435,890

LASER ANEMOMETRY SYSTEM AND METHOD

Thales, Courbevoie (FR)

1. Laser anemometry system comprising: a set of at least one coherent laser source supplying an incident beam, said beam being
backscattered by a set of particles passing through said incident beam;
mixing means, respectively associated with a laser source, for mixing said backscattered beam and a reference beam, said reference
beam being the duplication of said incident beam, creating an interferometry wave;

conversion means, respectively associated with a laser source, converting said wave into an electrical signal, the instantaneous
intensity of which is proportional to the instantaneous power of said wave;

first determination means, respectively associated with a laser source, for determining a time-frequency diagram of said electrical
signal;

characterized in that it also comprises
second determination means, respectively associated with a laser source, for determining spots of said diagram, each spot
being a set of connected points of said diagram, having exceeded a detection threshold;

computation means, respectively associated with a laser source, for computing an average of the frequency, a duration and
a slope characterizing the trend of the frequency as a function of time in the time-frequency diagram, respectively associated
with a spot third determination means for determining the air speed from all or part of said averages of the frequency, of
said durations and of said slopes, said third determination means also being suitable for computing a Doppler frequency, said
Doppler frequency being the average of all or part of said averages of the frequency respectively associated with spots for
which one of the following conditions is met;

said duration is less than a first duration threshold;
the multiplication of said duration by said slope is less than a second threshold; and
said multiplication of said slope by the square of said duration is less than a third threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,425,996

ITERATIVE METHOD FOR SYNTHESIZING DIGITAL FILTERS FOR SHAPING A SIGNAL

Thales, Courbevoie (FR)

1. An iterative method for synthesizing digital filters, the method comprising:
generating an emission filter to be applied to a signal to be transmitted, and
generating a reception filter to be applied to a received signal,
wherein the method further comprises the following iteratively executed steps:
a first convolution of the emission filter and the reception filter to generate a transmission filter,
determination of a criterion representative of a level of intersymbol interference on the transmission filter, and
if the level of intersymbol interference is higher than a given level,
calculating an equalizing filter for the intersymbol interference, and
replacing, at a next iteration, selectively either the emission filter with a second convolution of the emission filter and
the equalizing filter or the reception filter with a third convolution of the reception filter and the equalizing filter,

wherein a choice between replacing the emission filter with the second convolution of the emission filter and the equalizing
filter or replacing the reception filter with the third convolution of the reception filter and the equalizing filter is done
based on a proximity of the emission filter or the reception filter to a desired frequency template for the emission filter
or the reception filter.

US Pat. No. 9,368,036

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR CALCULATING A FLIGHT PLAN OF AN AIRCRAFT IN A RUNWAY APPROACH PHASE

Thales, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A method for calculating a flight plan used by a flight management system of an aircraft in a runway approach phase, said
flight management system comprising a navigation database comprising at least one stored additional procedure ending at a
threshold of the runway and at least one associated additional missed approach procedure, the method comprising the steps:
loading an initial procedure ending at a first end point not corresponding to the threshold of the runway and a first associated
missed approach procedure,

determining an additional procedure from among the at least one additional procedure stored in the navigation database and
a second associated missed approach procedure,

concatenating the initial procedure and the additional procedure in order to generate a continuous concatenated flight plan
comprising the initial procedure, the first missed approach procedure, the additional procedure and the second missed approach
procedure,

loading the concatenated flight plan into an active flight plan,
selecting a second procedure from a set comprising the first missed approach procedure and the additional procedure, and
activating the selected second procedure, and
graphically displaying the initial procedure, the associated missed approach procedure, the additional procedure and the associated
additional missed approach procedure on a common display.

US Pat. No. 9,287,842

METHOD FOR DIGITALLY COMPENSATING VARIATIONS, AS A FUNCTION OF TEMPERATURE, OF AN ELECTRICAL QUANTITY OF AN EMBEDDED SPACE RADIOFREQUENCY TELECOMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT ITEM

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A method for digitally compensating variations, as a function of temperature, of an electrical quantity of an embedded
space radiofrequency telecommunications equipment item, the equipment item comprising N individual devices, where N is greater
than or equal to one, the electrical quantity of the equipment item having to be maintained at a predetermined setpoint value,
the method comprising, in order:
measuring the temperature of the equipment item at different measurement instants,
at each measurement instant, in interrogating look-up tables, respectively dedicated to different setpoint values, in which
digital control words are stored that are to be applied to the equipment item as a function of different digital temperature
states corresponding to different measured temperature values,

when the measured temperature is situated between two digital temperature states stored in the look-up tables, in creating
intermediate digital temperature states situated between the two stored digital temperature states and in computing, by interpolation,
digital control words corresponding to the intermediate digital temperature states created,

creating, by interpolation between two stored digital control words, intermediate digital control words coded on a number
of bits greater than the number of bits of the stored digital control words,

selecting a digital control word corresponding to the measured temperature, and delivering, to the equipment item, an analogue
control corresponding to the selected digital control word.

US Pat. No. 9,264,487

GENERIC ENTITY FOR HIGH-SPEED COMMUNICATION BETWEEN CCM COMPONENTS

THALES, Neuilly sur Sein...

1. A generic entity for high-speed communication between a transmitter component and at least one receiver component, said
components respecting the CORBA Component Model standard, version 1.0, and includes a connector within the meaning of the
DDS4LwCCM standard, version 1.0 Beta1, comprising:
a transmitter fragment comprising a wrapper part including an input port designed to be connected to an output port of the
transmitter component; and

at least one receiver fragment comprising a wrapper part including an output port designed to be connected to an input port
of said at least one receiver component;

wherein said transmitter fragment comprises a business logic code part including a transmitter transmitting a datum published
on the input port of the wrapper part of said transmitter fragment, to said at least one receiver fragment;

wherein said receiver fragment comprises a business logic code part including a receiver receiving the datum transmitted by
the transmitter of the transmitter fragment, for publication of said datum on the output port of the wrapper part of said
receiver fragment

wherein the transmitter of the transmitter fragment includes a local mode communicator, and in that the receiver of the receiver
fragment include conjugated local mode communicator;

wherein the transmitter of the transmitter fragment includes at least one remote mode communicator, and in that the receiver
of the receiver fragment include at least one conjugated remote mode communicator;

wherein the transmitter includes an acquisition device capable of acquiring a datum published on the input port of the transmitter
fragment and transmitting it either to the local mode communicator or to the remote mode communicator;

wherein each remote mode communicator can perform a serialization conversion of the datum to be transmitted, and wherein each
conjugated remote mode communicator can perform an inverse conversion on the received data; and

wherein the transmitter includes a writer writing in a transmitter buffer, capable of reserving a memory space of the write
buffer and writing a datum applied as input of the writer by the local mode communicator, and the receiver includes a reader
in the receiver buffer capable of reading a datum in the receiver buffer and applying it as input for the conjugated local
mode communicator.

US Pat. No. 9,258,162

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DESYNCHRONIZING CHANNELS IN MULTI-CARRIER COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A method for reducing a peak factor in a multi-carrier communication system, the data being transmitted on m channels,
the method comprising:
transmitting data, via a transmitter, on m channels in parallel, the data are formatted through a symbol formation module
and a scrambling step; and

introducing a number d of desynchronization symbols at a start of each frame, a framing module adds the desynchronization
symbols, in addition to pilot and autobaud symbols, to construct the frame,

wherein the desynchronization symbols are adapted to introduce an offset between different channels of a multi-carrier wave
form,

wherein the number d is chosen as a function of a transmission channel number m (chm) concerned,

wherein the desynchronization symbols introduced are different for the m transmission channels, and
wherein each constructed frame is associated with a channel chm and is summed before being transmitted via one of the m transmission channels and a suitable link to a receiver.

US Pat. No. 9,245,512

ACOUSTIC ANTENNA ELEMENT FOR EMITTING AND/OR RECEIVING WAVES UNDER WATER AND ASSOCIATED ACOUSTIC ANTENNA

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. An acoustic antenna element for receiving and/or emitting low-frequency underwater waves, comprising an acoustic panel
formed by at least one acoustic pick-up enclosed in a flexible jacket, said acoustic panel being generally rectangular and
being mounted against a curved support by means of a mounting device including a clamping device comprising at least two flanges
the ends of which are mounted on said support, characterized in that the respective flanges comprise at least one tie between
the two ends thereof, and in that the clamping device comprises means for adjusting the tension in said ties between the two
respective ends thereof, the flanges being arranged so that the support is curved between the two respective ends of said
ties and so that the panel is clamped against the support by said ties when they are under tension.

US Pat. No. 9,229,111

METHOD FOR ESTIMATING THE DIRECTION OF ARRIVAL OF NAVIGATION SIGNALS AT A RECEIVER AFTER REFLECTION BY WALLS IN A SATELLITE POSITIONING SYSTEM

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A method for estimating the direction of arrival of navigation signals at a receiver after reflection by walls in a GNSS
satellite positioning system, the positioning system comprising at least one satellite able to emit navigation signals, the
receiver, placed in a moving object, being able to receive the navigation signals and to estimate the position of the said
receiver, said method comprising the following steps:
a. placing an array of antennas comprising at least two antennas on the moving object,
b. placing a three-dimensional geographical map in the receiver of the moving object,
c. receiving the navigation signals on an antenna of the array of antennas and estimating a position of the receiver,
d. from the estimated position of the receiver, selecting, on the three-dimensional geographical map, a scene corresponding
to an environment in which the receiver is situated and carrying out a ray casting starting from the receiver,

e. deducing, geometrically, on the basis of the result of the ray casting, the number of paths reflected on walls of buildings
present in the scene,

f. selecting an algorithm for estimating the angles of arrival of multi-paths, the multi-paths corresponding to signals reflected
by walls, initializing this algorithm by the number of reflected paths determined in step e and deducing therefrom the angles
of arrival of the paths reflected on the walls before reaching the receiver.

US Pat. No. 9,209,504

MICROWAVE RESONATOR WITH IMPEDANCE JUMP, NOTABLY FOR BAND-STOP OR BAND-PASS MICROWAVE FILTERS

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A microwave resonator with impedance jump, comprising at least one line of high characteristic impedance of a determined
length and one line of low characteristic impedance, at least the line of high characteristic impedance comprising a first
line cut, a first link wire of a determined length ensuring a determined impedance at the first line cut, said first line
cut being produced substantially at one third of the overall length of the microwave resonator starting from the side of an
end of the line of high characteristic impedance opposite to the end of the line of high characteristic impedance situated
on the side of the line of low characteristic impedance, wherein said first line cut is produced substantially at mid-length
of the line with high characteristic impedance.

US Pat. No. 9,173,177

SATELLITE TRANSMISSION SYSTEM

Thales, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A satellite transmission system comprising at least one satellite and at least two stations communicating through said
satellite, the stations comprising a transmitter configured to transmit in a same frequency band, a first high-bit-rate signal
at a first power level and a second low-bit-rate signal at a second power level, the second signal using spreading techniques
and a narrower or equal frequency band than the first signal, the stations also comprising a receiver configured to receive
simultaneously and in the same frequency band the first and the second signal, the system further comprising:
a detection device configured to identify a presence of interference on the frequency band,
the transmitter and receiver being respectively adapted for switching the transmission and the reception of the second signal
from a low bit rate to a medium bit rate and for deactivating the transmission of the first signal in the presence of interference,
wherein the second signal is transmitted at a power level equal to the sum of the first and the second power levels, and

the transmitter and receiver being respectively adapted for switching the transmission and the reception of the second signal
from a medium bit rate to a low bit rate and for activating the transmission of the first signal in the absence of interference,

wherein the first signal is transmitted at a power level equal to the first power level and the second signal is transmitted
at a power level equal to the second power level.

US Pat. No. 9,170,643

DISPLAY SYSTEM CONTAINING AN ADAPTIVE SEMI-TRANSPARENT DISPLAY DEVICE AND MEANS FOR DETECTING THE LANDSCAPE VIEWED BY THE USER

Thales, Neuilly sur Sein...

1. A display system comprising an electronic calculator and an associated semi-transparent display device, said display device
intended to be arranged in front of an outside landscape, wherein the display device consists of two overlaid semi-transparent
flat display screens and a photo-sensitive sensor intended to be arranged in front of the same outside landscape, a first
display screen being passive, its transmission rate being controlled by the electronic calculator as a function of the outside
landscape luminance information output by the photo-sensitive sensor, a second display screen being active, its light emission
being controlled by the electronic calculator, an image generated by the electronic calculator being displayed on one of the
two displays, either on the first display screen or on the second display screen as a function of the outside landscape luminance
information output by the photo-sensitive sensor,
wherein the display system contains a position detection system intended to be carried by a user head, comprising the electronic
calculator to determine a fraction of the outside landscape seen by said user through the semi-transparent display device,
the image generated by the electronic calculator being displayed either on the first display screen, or on the second display
screen as a function of the luminance information of said fraction of the outside landscape output by the photo-sensitive
sensor, and

wherein the photo-sensitive sensor being a camera, comprising the electronic calculator arranged so that a spatial transmission
rate of said first passive display screen depends on the spatial distribution of the luminance levels in the fraction of the
outside landscape.

US Pat. No. 9,114,889

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR MONITORING AIRCRAFT FLIGHT PHASE ON APPROACH TO A RUNWAY

THALES, Neuilly sur Sein...

1. A method for monitoring the approach phase of an aircraft to a runway, the aircraft having a speed, the method comprising
the following steps:
determining successive gateways of the aircraft relative to at least one characteristic point of an approach flight plan of
the aircraft or relative to the runway location, each gateway being a point of the flight plan and each gateway being away
from the runway,

measuring the speed of the aircraft at a given gateway,
computing a minimum deceleration distance up to a predetermined target speed associated with a next gateway, the next gateway
following said given gateway, the minimum deceleration distance being an estimated flight distance corresponding to the speed
reduction of the aircraft from the measured speed to said target speed,

comparing the computed minimum deceleration distance to a remaining distance to be flown up to the next gateway and
generating an alert, intended for the aircraft crew, when the distance remaining to be flown up to the next gateway is smaller
than the computed minimum deceleration distance.

US Pat. No. 9,550,579

METHOD OF ESTIMATION OF THE SPEED OF AN AIRCRAFT RELATIVE TO THE SURROUNDING AIR, AND ASSOCIATED SYSTEM

Thales, Courbevoie (FR)

1. Method of estimation of the speed of an aircraft relative to the surrounding air, in a reference frame tied to the aircraft,
comprising:
estimating an estimated static pressure (PSe) on the basis of measurements of the geographical vertical speed (Vzgeo) of the
aircraft, of measurements of the temperature (Tair) of the surrounding air, of reinitializations of the estimated static pressure
(PSe), and of a feedback of the said estimated static pressure (PSe), by integration over a vertical path of a hydrostatic
equation;

estimating a first intermediate variation (?TASa) of the speed of the aircraft relative to the surrounding air on the basis:
of a deviation between a variation (?PSe) of an estimated static pressure (PSe) and a variation (?PSm) of a measured static
pressure (PSm);

of an angle of attack of the aircraft (AOA), and of an angle of sideslip of the aircraft (SSA);
of a linear combination of a variation (?TAS) of the speed of the aircraft relative to the surrounding air, of a variation
(?AOA) of the angle of attack of the aircraft, and of a variation (?SSA) of the angle of sideslip of the aircraft, whose coefficients
depend on laws of local aerodynamic correction (SSEC) dependent on the aircraft, on the speed (TASe) of the aircraft relative
to the surrounding air, on the angle of attack of the aircraft (AOA), and on the angle of sideslip of the aircraft (SSA);
and

performing temporal integration of the said first intermediate variation (?TASa) of the speed of the aircraft relative to
the surrounding air using reinitializations of the estimated speed of the aircraft relative to the surrounding air so as to
deliver at output an estimated speed (TASe) of the aircraft relative to the surrounding air.

US Pat. No. 9,534,819

SYSTEM FOR FAST AND ACCURATE FILLING OF A TWO-PHASE COOLING DEVICE, NOTABLY A HEAT PIPE, ADAPTED FOR USE IN AN AUTOMATED PROCESS

THALES NEDERLAND B.V., H...

1. A system for filling
a two-phase cooling device with a working fluid, comprising a binding device, wherein said binding device comprises a lower
surface hermetically mounted onto a surface of said cooling device and an essentially plane upper surface, wherein the binding
device comprises a through-hole in fluid communication with the cooling device, said through-hole extending between said lower
surface and said upper surface, characterized in that the system further comprises a filling tool comprising a head having
an external surface in contact with said upper surface of,

the binding device and an essentially tubular main conduit adapted to said through-hole and extending up to the external surface
of the head of said filling tool,

the binding device further comprises a gripping head adapted to put said external surface of the head of said filling tool
in hermetic contact with the upper surface of said binding device while aligning the head of the filling tool with the through-hole
so that a fluid communication is established between said main conduit and the through-hole,

the filling tool further comprising
a filling pathway formed by capillary channels in fluid communication with said tubular main conduit,
the filling tool further comprising filling means controlling the delivery of said working fluid towards the through-hole
through said filling pathway.

US Pat. No. 9,388,886

ANGULAR POSITIONING DEVICE WITH THREE DEAD CENTRES

Thales, (FR)

1. An angular positioning device, comprising:
a first connecting rod in pivot connection with a frame of the angular positioning device, according to a first axis;
an actuating device configured to rotate the first connecting rod a complete revolution about the first axis;
a second connecting rod in pivot connection with the first connecting rod, according to a second axis;
a third connecting rod in pivot connection with the frame, according to a third axis;
a fourth connecting rod in pivot connection with the frame, according to a fourth axis, and in pivot connection with the second
connecting rod, according to a fifth axis;

a fifth connecting rod in pivot connection with the third connecting rod, according to a sixth axis, and in pivot connection
with at least one of the second connecting rod and the fourth connecting rod,

wherein the first axis is parallel to the second axis, the third axis, the fourth axis, the fifth axis, and the sixth axis,
wherein the angular positioning device is configured such that the third connecting rod is configured to adopt three distinct
angular positions,

wherein two of the first connecting rod, the second connecting rod, the third connecting rod, the fourth connecting rod, and
the fifth connecting rod that are in pivot connection with one another generate a dead center in the angular positioning device
for each of the three distinct angular positions, and

wherein an angle between the third connecting rod and the fifth connecting rod is less than 90° for at least one of the three
distinct angular positions of the third connecting rod.

US Pat. No. 9,363,712

SATELLITE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM FOR A CONTINUOUS HIGH-BITRATE ACCESS SERVICE OVER A COVERAGE AREA INCLUDING AT LEAST ONE POLAR REGION

Thales, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A satellite communication system for providing a continuous high-bitrate access service over a terrestrial coverage area
including at least one polar region, comprising a constellation of satellites placed in elliptical orbit around the Earth
with an apogee at an altitude of less than or equal to 20000 km, user terminals located in the coverage area, and at least
two anchor stations distributed on the Earth and able to ensure bidirectional communications with the user terminals by way
of at least one orbiting satellite progressing above the coverage area, wherein said satellite communication system further
comprises a network of routers interconnected with one another and to the Worldwide Internet Network by dedicated local terrestrial
communication pathways, wherein each anchor station is connected to the Worldwide Internet Network by way of routers, and
wherein each anchor station comprises a management device configured to control handovers of the communications between the
orbiting satellites progressing successively above the coverage area and between the anchor stations, and simultaneous dual-handovers
of the communications between multiple satellites and anchor stations.

US Pat. No. 9,248,904

SYSTEM FOR ASSISTING THE PILOT OF AN AIRCRAFT BY HAPTIC MEANS

Thales, Neuilly sur Sein...

1. A system for assisting a pilot of an aircraft, the system being configured to be installed aboard the aircraft and comprising:
an avionics computer system of the aircraft,
a set of sensors configured to provide data to the computer and,
a seat for the pilot, the seat being equipped with haptic actuators controlled by the computer,
wherein the computer is configured to control each actuator or groups of actuators independently of one another, as a function
of the data provided by the sensors,

wherein the seat comprises a back and a cushion,
wherein the actuators of the back and of the cushion comprise single-axis mini-rams distributed in the back and the cushion
of the seat,

wherein displacement axes of the single-axis mini-rams distributed in the back of the seat are perpendicular to the back of
the seat, and

wherein displacement axes of the single-axis mini-rams distributed in the cushion of the seat are perpendicular to the cushion
of the seat.

US Pat. No. 9,194,954

METHOD FOR GEO-REFERENCING AN IMAGED AREA

Thales, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A method for geo-referencing an area by means of an imaging optronics system which comprises a step of acquiring M successive
images of the area by means of a detector, the area for which the step of acquiring is carried out being distributed between
these M images, with M?1, the method further comprising:
measuring P distances d1, d2, . . . , dp between the system and P points of the area, called range-found points, with P?3, these range-found points being distributed
in K of said images with 1?K?M,

acquiring the positioning xm, ym, zm of the detector at the times of acquisition of the M images,

measuring the attitude (?m, ?m, ?m of the detector at the times of acquisition of the M images,

acquiring the coordinates in these K images of the points called image points (p1, q1), (p2, q2), . . . , (pP, qP) corresponding to the P range-found points, and

estimating the parameters of exposure conditions xe, ye, ze, ?e, ?e, ?e corresponding to the M images as a function of positionings, of attitudes, of distances and of coordinates of the image points,
in order to correct the errors on the parameters xm, ym, zm, ?m, ?m, ?m of each of the M images,

wherein M?3, and the M images of the area are acquired in succession, these images presenting areas of overlap two by two
and further comprising extracting homologous primitives in the areas of overlap of these M images and mapping the images two
by two on the basis of these homologous primitives, and

wherein when P=K, the range-found points are respectively at the center of each of the images.

US Pat. No. 9,100,055

DIGITAL IF DISTRIBUTION NETWORKS FOR RADIO COMMUNICATIONS

Thales Holding UK PLC, S...

1. An aircraft radio installation apparatus for processing data in an aircraft, the aircraft radio installation apparatus
comprising:
a. at least two radio frequency processing modules, the at least two radio frequency modules including:
a first radio frequency processing module for converting radio frequency signals received according to a first radio communication
protocol from a first antenna to intermediate frequency signals, and

a second radio frequency processing module for converting radio frequency signals received according to a second radio communication
protocol from a second antenna to intermediate frequency signals;

each of the at least two radio frequency processing modules being provided in a radio avionics box;
b. a baseband avionics box disposed remotely from the at least two radio frequency processing modules, the baseband avionics
box having an intermediate frequency processing module, the intermediate frequency processing module being a common processing
module for processing a plurality of intermediate frequency signals according to a plurality of different radio communication
protocols, the intermediate frequency processing module provided for:

i. receiving the intermediate frequency signals from the first and second radio frequency processing modules at the same time,
and

ii. processing the intermediate frequency signals from the first and second radio frequency processing modules according to
the first and second radio communications protocols, respectively; and

c. at least one digital data link for connecting the first and second radio frequency processing modules to the intermediate
frequency processing module for transmitting the intermediate frequency signals to the intermediate frequency processing module.

US Pat. No. 9,395,446

ONBOARD AIRCRAFT LANDING SYSTEM, BASED ON A GNSS SYSTEM, WITH REDUNDANT AND DISSIMILAR ARCHITECTURE FOR HIGH INTEGRITY LEVEL

Thales, Courbevoie (FR)

1. Device for receiving radio-navigation signals, for aiding the piloting of an aircraft, comprising a first master GNSS module
and a second slave GNSS module which are dissimilar, the first master GNSS module comprising a first computer logic, including
a processor, for processing radio-navigation signals and a second computer logic, including a processor, for computing guidance
data (Xg) on the basis of the measurements provided by the said first computer logic—for processing the signals, the second slave
GNSS module comprising a third computer logic, including a processor, for processing radio-navigation signals and a fourth
computer logic, including a processor, for computing guidance data (Xg) on the basis of the measurements provided by the said third computer logic for processing signals, each GNSS module furthermore
comprising a comparator for comparing between outputs Xg1,Xg2 of the said second computer logic and fourth computer logic for computing guidance data, configured for executing the following
integrity test:
|Xg1?Xg2|>Kg·?{square root over (Variance(Xg1?Xg2))}

and for inferring an integrity defect if the said integrity test is satisfied,
Kg being a detection threshold predetermined so as to obtain a given probability Pnd of detecting an error impacting one or the other, or both measurements Xg1,Xg2 simultaneously and a given false alarm probability Pfa.

US Pat. No. 9,377,783

METHOD FOR SECURING A GROUND SPEED USED AN ALGORITHM FOR GUIDING LANDING OF AN AIRCRAFT, ASSOCIATED COMPUTER PROGRAM AND DEVICE

THALES, Neuilly sur Sein...

1. A method securing a ground speed used in an algorithm guiding landing of an aircraft above a flare portion, comprising
the following steps:
determining a ground speed of the aircraft, using an inertial sensor;
determining, using a computer, at least one landing guidance instruction based on at least said determined ground speed of
the aircraft;

estimating a vertical speed of the aircraft using a reference system;
during guidance along a glide path describing a given descent angle, limiting said determined ground speed of the aircraft
as a function of the estimated vertical speed;

wherein the guidance instruction being determined based on said limited ground speed;
measuring a height of the aircraft; and
comparing the measured height of the aircraft with a threshold height;
wherein if the measured height is greater than the threshold height, the limitation of the ground speed comprises the limitation,
as a function of the estimated vertical speed, of a ground speed of the aircraft determined as a function of measurements
performed by a first sensor of the aircraft;

wherein if the measured height is below the threshold height, the limitation of the ground speed comprises the limitation,
as a function of the estimated vertical speed, of a ground speed of the aircraft determined as a function of acceleration
measurements of the aircraft performed by a second sensor different from the first sensor since the threshold height has been
crossed, excluding any measurement taken once the threshold height has been crossed by the first sensor separate from the
second sensor, and further as a function of the ground speed of the aircraft as limited in a step for limiting a ground speed
of the aircraft determined as a function of measurements performed by said first acceleration sensor before crossing the threshold
height; and

wherein the first sensor acts independently of the second sensor.

US Pat. No. 9,337,608

LASER SOURCE HAVING A PEAK POWER OF MORE THAN 100 TERAWATTS AND HIGH CONTRAST

Thales, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A laser source configured to emit energy pulses greater than or equal to 100 TeraWatt having a pulse duration below 200
femtoseconds, comprising a laser chain that comprises, in cascade:
a solid-state laser oscillator,
a first amplification stage with frequency chirping, and
a last amplification stage with frequency chirping, the first and the last amplification stages each including, in cascade,
a stretcher, an amplifying chain and a compressor,

a first filter configured as a non-linear cross-polarization filter, with one or two non-linear crystals and a third order
non-linear optical susceptibility, configured to generate a cross-polarized wave, and wherein said one or two non-linear crystals
are placed between two polarizers,

wherein the first filter is inserted between the first and the last amplification stage, wherein the laser chain comprises:
between the first and the last amplification stage, at least one additional filter also configured as a non-linear cross-polarization
filter to obtain a temporal contrast of the pulses greater than or equal to 1012 between an input pulse provided to the laser source and an output pulse at an output of the laser source, such that N filters
are in the laser chain with N?2, and

N?1 dispersion compensator(s), each placed respectively at an output of the first filter in the laser chain.

US Pat. No. 9,300,269

FILTER THAT IS VARIABLE BY MEANS OF A CAPACITOR THAT IS SWITCHED USING MEMS COMPONENTS

Thales, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A tunable filter comprising:
at least two resonator circuits including a first resonator and a second resonator placed between a first matching network
connected to a first input/output and a second matching network connected to a second input/output, wherein said first and
second matching networks include an inductor and a capacitor connected in parallel, and in that:

the first resonator of the at least two resonator circuits is connected at a first of its ends on one side to a ground plane
(M) of the tunable filter by metallized holes and at a second end to a Micro Electro-Mechanical System (MEMS) network in a
plurality of MEMS networks;

a distance (d) between the first resonator and the second resonator forms an inter-resonator inductive coupling circuit;
an inter-resonator coupling capacitor is formed by two etched lines that are connected to the first and second resonators,
respectively;

the MEMS networks are distributed around the ends of the first resonator and the second resonator;
the MEMS networks are connected between the first resonator and the second resonator and the ground plane (M) by virtue of
vias or metallized holes; and

the tunable filter comprises a number of independent electrical control voltages (Vi) adapted to actuate the MEMS.

US Pat. No. 9,292,159

METHOD FOR THE TEMPORAL DISPLAY OF THE MISSION OF AN AIRCRAFT

Thales, Neuilly sur Sein...

1. A method for displaying stages of a mission of an aircraft on a screen of a display device, the method comprising:
displaying a first graphical window comprising a time scale, the stages being displayed in the time scale, the stages being
displayed opposite a schedule of time indications in the time scale, the schedule of time indications corresponding to accomplishment
of the stages,

wherein a length of the time scale is longer than a length of the first graphical window such that the first graphical window
displays only a part of the time scale, the displayed part of the time scale being imposed by a user of the display device,

wherein the first graphical window comprises a first symbol representing the aircraft, the first symbol being situated, in
a standard operating mode, at a current time on the time scale,

wherein, when a current time is situated outside of the first graphical window, the first symbol representing the aircraft
is displayed at a top of the displayed part of the time scale or at a bottom of the displayed part of the time scale, a predetermined
action by the user on the first symbol automatically centering the time scale on the current time.

US Pat. No. 9,290,262

METHOD FOR CREATING A VERTICAL TRAJECTORY PROFILE COMPRISING MULTIPLE ALTITUDE LEVELS

Thales, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A method for creating a vertical trajectory profile of an aircraft by optimization of a criterion representative of a flight
cost in a computer of a flight management system or of an electronic flight bag, a trajectory being computed from an ordered
list of waypoints contained in a flight plan, a vertical profile associated with the trajectory being defined by a plurality
of successive altitude levels to be reached by the aircraft for each level:
an altitude change point between a current level (i) and a next level (i+1),
a plurality of speeds observing an aircraft speed trend law on the level considered;said method comprising:
loading a portion of trajectory for which the profile is to be optimized into a computer of a flight management system or
of an electronic flight bag,

loading at least one criterion parameter into the computer of the flight management system or of the electronic flight bag,
loading at least one value representative of permitted altitude levels into the computer of the flight management system or
of the electronic flight bag,

initializing a first iterative computation by an initial profile (Prof0) by the computer of the flight management system or of the electronic flight bag,

performing the first iterative computation of a profile free of altitude constraints as long as a condition dependent on the
criterion is not reached by the computer of the flight management system or of the electronic flight bag, comprising the substeps:

computing the criterion corresponding to the current profile using a function performing a digital integration of the trajectory
with the computer of the flight management system or of the electronic flight bag,

incrementing the parameters by a parametric optimization method with the computer of the flight management system or of the
electronic flight bag,

loading the constraint-free profile obtained as output from the first iterative computation, comprising a plurality of successive
levels, and, for each level, an altitude change point and a plurality of speeds into the computer of the flight management
system or of the electronic flight bag,

replacing each free level of the constraint-free profile with a permitted level so as to generate an initial constrained profile,
with the computer of the flight management system or of the electronic flight bag, comprising a plurality of permitted levels,
and, for each level, an altitude change point and a plurality of speeds,

loading the initial constrained profile to initialize a second iterative computation into the computer of the flight management
system or of the electronic flight bag,

performing the second iterative computation of a profile, with the computer of the flight management system or of the electronic
flight bag, in which the altitude levels to be reached remain constant, equal to the initial permitted levels of the initial
constrained profile, as long as a condition dependent on the criterion is not reached, comprising the substeps:

computing the criterion corresponding to the current constrained profile using a function performing a digital integration
of the trajectory, and

incrementing the parameters by a parametric optimization method,
displaying a final constrained vertical profile obtained as output from the second iterative computation, said display comprising
at least a plurality of permitted successive levels, and, for each level, an altitude change point, and

proposing to a pilot insertion of the computed final constrained vertical profile into a temporary flight plan.

US Pat. No. 9,270,498

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR AMPLIFYING A SIGNAL

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. An amplification system, connected to a modem delivering a signal to be amplified, comprising:
at least one amplification device in which an amplification gain is variable,
at least one first determination device for determination of a first difference between an amplified signal and said signal
to be amplified,

at least one second determination device for determination of said variable gain,
wherein said second determination device is capable of the determination of said variable gain on the basis of said signal
to be amplified, said amplified signal and said first difference;

said second device having:
at least one third determination device for determination of a model, comprising a delay and a gain, of a perturbation of
the first difference by the amplification device by means of a correlation between said signal to be amplified and said amplified
signal,

at least one fourth determination device for determination of perturbations of the first difference that are caused by said
amplification device, on the basis of said model and said signal to be amplified,

at least one fifth determination device for determination of a second difference between said first difference and said perturbations,
and

a controller that is capable of determining said variable gain on the basis of said second difference.

US Pat. No. 9,243,902

SYSTEM FOR LIGHT SOURCE LOCATION DETECTION

Thales Visionix, Inc., C...

1. A system for tracking an orientation of a first object, the system comprising:
a light emitting device located relative to a second object at a fixed predetermined position;
a sensor including a photodetector array configured to receive incident light emitted from the light emitting device, the
photodetector array being mounted on the first object; and

a processor coupled to the photodetector array, the processor being configured to determine the orientation of the first object
relative to the second object based on an angle of incident light detected by the photodetector array from the light emitting
device,

wherein the sensor includes:
a housing having a front side and a back side, the back side being opposed to the front side and spaced therefrom, the photodetector
array being located at the back side wall within the housing and the housing being mounted to the first object; and

an aperture extending through the front side of the housing and configured to expose the photodetector array to an incident
light from the light emitting device.

US Pat. No. 9,221,559

AUTONOMOUS SPONTANEOUS DEPLOYMENT DEPLOYABLE MAST AND SATELLITE INCLUDING AT LEAST ONE SUCH MAST

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. An autonomous spontaneous deployment deployable mast including at least one elementary structural unit having a longitudinal
deployment axis X, the elementary structural unit including a lower platform and an upper platform both parallel to a plane
YZ orthogonal to the axis X and N stages stacked above one another parallel to the longitudinal deployment axis X, where N
is greater than 1, wherein each stage includes at least three longitudinal flexible tape-springs, the N stages being fixed
to one another two by two by means of connecting platforms parallel to the plane YZ and wherein two contiguous lower and upper
stages are offset angularly relative to each other by rotation about the deployment axis X, the tape-springs of the lower
stage being interleaved between the tape-springs of the upper stage.

US Pat. No. 9,420,491

METHOD OF DYNAMIC ALLOCATION OF SHARED RESOURCES IN A TIME-FREQUENCY PLAN AND ASSOCIATED DEVICE

Thales, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A computer-implemented method of dynamic allocation of shared resources in a communication network including a plurality
of receivers, the computer-implemented method being executed by a resource allocation device, the method comprising:
defining, at a resource allocation device, in a time-frequency plan, a superframe of a given duration ?T and a given spectral
width ?f, including at least one frame,

defining, at the resource allocation device, a regular time-frequency grid, of which one square, referred to as a time-frequency
unit, constitutes the smallest time and frequency interval allocatable to a user at the at least one receiver of said communication
network within said frame, and

reserving, at the resource allocation device, on each carrier frequency of a frame, at least one block of a number K, greater
than or equal to 1, of time-frequency units which can be dynamically allocated to a user for communication or for synchronization,

wherein the number of time-frequency units per frame allocated for synchronization is at least equal to the minimum number
Nu of time-frequency units per frame required to provide the synchronization of all connected users, this minimum number Nu being equal to the rounded value of the ratio of the duration of a superframe to the synchronization period of the user, multiplied
by the number of users connected to the communication network, and

transmitting, by the resource allocation device, to at least a receiver an information regarding the allocation of at least
one time-frequency unit for communication and at least one time-frequency unit for synchronization to the receiver.

US Pat. No. 9,285,212

OPTICAL SYSTEM FOR POSTURE DETECTION COMPRISING A SCANNING LIGHT SOURCE AND A CUBE CORNER

Thales, Neuilly sur Sein...

1. System for detecting the posture of a mobile object in space, the said system comprising:
an electro-optical device of known orientation comprising a light source, a photoreceptor and a means of analysis of the signal
coming from the said photoreceptor;

an optical assembly comprising at least one cube corner disposed on the mobile object, the said cube corner comprising a mask
of known geometrical shape disposed on its entry face;

in which:
the source emits a parallel or almost-parallel pencil beam;
the electro-optical device comprises means for generating a pencil light beam angularly controlled and rotating about a fixed
point;

the photoreceptor being configured for receiving the pencil beam of light retro-reflected by the cube corner when it is illuminated
by the deviated pencil beam of light coming from the light source,

the means of analysis being configured in such a manner as to determine, based on the signal coming from the photoreceptor,
the position of a number of points being representative of the borders of the mask of the cube corner and, using this positional
information, the posture of the cube corner in space.

US Pat. No. 9,206,872

UNFURLING STRUCTURE WITH KNOCK PREVENTION DEVICE

Thales, (FR)

1. A structure comprising:
at least two unfurling panels;
a knock prevention device intended to prevent the at least two unfurling panels from knocking together when they are furled
against one another;

at least one articulation that connects the at least two unfurling panels,
wherein the knock prevention device includes a one-piece element including two plates and arms connecting the two plates,
wherein a first of the two plates is fixed to the first panel,
wherein a second of the two plates forms a buffer against which the second panel comes to rest,
wherein the arms form an elastic element between the two plates, and
wherein the at least one articulation is configured to include a degree of freedom of rotation and configured to be self-propelled
such that the at least two unfurling panels are concertina-folded against one another in a furled position and extend along
a plane in an unfurled position.

US Pat. No. 9,164,178

TRANSMITTING LOCATION INFORMATION OF A BEACON

Thales-Raytheon Systems C...

1. A method of locating a target, comprising:
determining, with a sensor, a sensor location of the sensor;
receiving, by the sensor, a transmission from a beacon, the beacon comprising:
a location device operable to determine the beacon location of the beacon, and
one or more transmitters operable to transmit the beacon location to the sensor,
wherein the transmission comprises the beacon location;
measuring, by the sensor, one or more location attributes of the beacon;
determining, by the sensor, a target location of a target, wherein the sensor:
performs a target location measurement by sending and receiving reflected radiation and without receiving a transmission from
the target,

calculates a correction factor from a difference in the measured one or more location attributes of the beacon and the beacon
location as transmitted to the sensor by the beacon, and

applies the correction factor to the target location measurement to obtain a corrected target location measurement, wherein
the target location, the sensor location, and the beacon location are distinct from one another.

US Pat. No. 9,441,949

METHOD FOR GENERATING M DEMODULATION SIGNALS USING AT LEAST ONE PRIMARY INTERFEROMETER

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A method of generating N demodulation signals, N being a strictly positive integer, comprising:
providing N input signals;
injecting each input signal into one of at least one primary interferometer, each of the at least one primary interferometers
including:

an input in which each of the input signals is injected,
a first arm and a second arm, the second arm comprising a first delay line introducing a first delay, and
an output via which an interference signal exits corresponding to the interference between a signal from the first arm and
a signal from the second arm,

detecting N output signals, each output signal being a signal depending on the interference signal obtained at the output
of each primary interferometer;

choosing N positive integers that are not all equal to zero; and
computing N demodulation signals Si,d(t), the ith demodulation signal being the product of Ri+1 functions, Ri being the chosen integer that corresponds to the first delay of the ith primary interferometer, i being an integer between 1 and N, the pth function being equal to:

Si,p(t)?S(t?p?i)

where p is an integer comprised between 0 and Ri, ?i is the first delay introduced by the delay line of the ith primary interferometer and S is a function of a discrete transform of the signal at the output of the ith primary interferometer.

US Pat. No. 9,209,590

DEVICE FOR AMPLIFYING A LASER BEAM WITH SUPPRESSION OF TRANSVERSE LASING

Thales, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A device for amplifying a laser beam along an axis Ox, comprising:
an amplifying bar structure of index nc, of fluorescence wavelength ?, delimited by a surface ? connecting an input face S1 and an output face S2 of the amplifying bar structure, and having a dimension e along the direction Ox of between 2 cm and 5 cm, and a dimension
? along a direction of a plane Oyz perpendicular to Ox, with e optical gain of diameter D centered on the axis Ox, the optical gain exhibiting a maximum along the input face S1 or the output face S2 of the amplifying bar structure, termed as a maximum gain face, and

a liquid of index nA which surrounds the amplifying bar structure in relation to the surface ?, the liquid being water or a water-ethylene glycol
mixture,

wherein the surface ? comprises a first tooth in the form of a chamfer over all or part of a junction of the surface ? with
the maximum gain face, oriented at an angle ?1 with respect to Ox of between 30° and 50°, and having a length e1? labeled along the axis Ox, e1? being greater than a predetermined threshold length and less than e/6, to avoid causing a parasitic transverse lasing, such
that the liquid of index nA has a heat capacity of greater than 3000 Joules per kilogram per degree Kelvin to dissipate a thermal power induced by the
pumping, and a discrepancy between nA and nc is of the order of 0.3 and as much as 0.43, a density of the liquid making the
liquid absorbent at the fluorescence wavelength ? of the amplifying bar structure, and an element which is absorbent at this
wavelength, is immersed in the liquid.