US Pat. No. 10,051,385

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR A BINAURAL HEARING ASSISTANCE SYSTEM USING MONAURAL AUDIO SIGNALS

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method for providing sound to a first ear and a second ear of a wearer of first and second hearing assistance devices, comprising:receiving a monaural information signal;
generating an interaural delay using a processor based on a head-related transfer function;
converting the monaural information signal into a first monaural signal and a second monaural signal with the interaural delay between the first and second monaural signals; and
providing a first sound based on the first monaural signal to the first ear using the first hearing assistance device and a second sound based on the second monaural signal to the second ear using the second hearing assistance device to provide binaural sound to the wearer.

US Pat. No. 10,045,354

ADAPTIVE CHANNEL MAPPING FOR WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method comprising:using a processor of a first hearing aid for:
receiving from a wireless device a first plurality of channels used for a first wireless connection with the wireless device;
responsive to receiving the first plurality of channels, selecting a second plurality of channels for a second wireless connection with a second hearing aid based upon the received first plurality of channels, the second plurality of channels including at least one of the first plurality of channels, the second wireless connection being an ear-to-ear wireless connection that is active at a time at least partially overlapping a time when the first wireless connection is active;
sending an identification of the second plurality of channels to the second hearing aid; and
communicating with the second hearing aid over the second wireless connection using the second plurality of channels.

US Pat. No. 10,097,931

EAR TO EAR COMMUNICATION USING WIRELESS LOW ENERGY TRANSPORT

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method comprising:at a first hearing assistance device:
receiving a first connectable advertisement from a second hearing assistance device;
responsive to receiving the first connectable advertisement, connecting with the second hearing assistance device over a wireless connection according to a wireless protocol, wherein the first hearing assistance device serves as a master device;
sending a second connectable advertisement using the wireless protocol at a time after a first data exchange event between the first and second hearing assistance devices and before a time when a second data exchange event between the first and second hearing assistance devices takes place;
receiving a connection request from a computing device responsive to the second connectable advertisement; and
in response to the connection request, ending the wireless connection with the second hearing assistance device, and establishing a second wireless connection with the computing device.

US Pat. No. 9,369,814

EXTERNAL EAR CANAL VOICE DETECTION

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A system for communication between a remote device and a person having ear canals, comprising:
one or more hearing aids configured to provide full duplex audio allowing for two-way simultaneous communication between the
person and the remote device, the one or more hearing aids including:

an ear canal microphone configured to detect a local sound from about an ear canal of the ear canals when being placed in
the ear canal;

an ear canal speaker configured to transmit a processed remote sound to the person;
a processor configured to process the local sound and the remote sound;
a transceiver configured to transmit a first wireless signal representing the local sound to the remote device and receive
a second wireless signal representing the remote sound from the remote device; and

a voice operated exchange (VOX) circuit configured to activate voice-activated portions of the one or more hearing aids in
response to detection of the local sound and in response to reception of the second wireless signal, and configured to gate
each of the local sound and the remote sound according to programmed gating coordination rules based on whether the local
sound is detected and whether the second wireless signal is received, in response to the detection of the local sound and
in response to the reception of the second wireless signal.

US Pat. No. 9,191,757

HEARING AID WITH INDUCTIVELY COUPLED ELECTROMAGNETIC RESONATOR ANTENNA

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing aid capable of performing wireless communication with another device, the hearing aid comprising:
a case;
a hearing aid circuit housed in the case, the hearing aid circuit configured to perform the wireless communication; and
an antenna including:
a primary antenna element wired to the hearing aid circuit; and
one or more secondary antenna elements wirelessly coupled to the primary antenna element and configured to receive near field
electromagnetic energy radiated from the primary antenna and to radiate far field electromagnetic energy to communicate with
the other device.

US Pat. No. 9,167,360

ANTENNAS FOR CUSTOM FIT HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance device, comprising:
an enclosure that includes a faceplate and a shell attached to the faceplate;
a power source;
a flex antenna having a shape of at least a substantially complete loop around the power source, wherein the flex antenna
maintains separation from the power source and wherein the flex antenna has at least a portion including a shape memory that
tends to straighten the flex antenna from a flexed position, and bias a portion of the flex antenna into contact with an interior
surface of the enclosure;

a transmission line connected to the flex antenna; and
radio circuit connected to the transmission line and electrically connected to the power source.

US Pat. No. 9,094,766

HEARING ASSISTANCE SYSTEM WITH OWN VOICE DETECTION

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance device configured to be worn by a wearer having an ear and an ear canal, comprising:
a first microphone to produce a first microphone signal;
a second microphone to produce a second microphone signal;
a voice detector configured to detect a voice of the wearer and produce an indication of detection in response to the voice
of the wearer being detected, the voice detector including an adaptive filter allowing for the voice of the wearer to be distinguished
from other sound sources based on the first microphone signal and the second microphone signal;

a sound processor configured to produce an output signal having directionality using the first microphone signal, the second
microphone signal, and the indication of detection; and

a receiver configured to produce an audible signal using the output signal.

US Pat. No. 9,049,529

HEARING AIDS AND METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR AUDIO FITTING THEREOF

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method of audio fitting a hearing aid for a user using a genetic algorithm mutation operator on at least one parent set
in a system population, the one parent set having a plurality of parent parameters, each the parent parameter being represented
by a parent index, the method comprising:
arranging the parent indexes in a range from a low the parent index to a high the parent index using input received from the
user based on a paired comparison between parent sets;

creating a mutation set having a plurality of mutation indexes;
summing the mutation indexes and the parent indexes to form a summation set having a plurality of summation indexes; and
fitting the hearing aid at least in part by reproducing at least one of the plurality of summation indexes in a child set.

US Pat. No. 9,369,816

OMNIPHOBIC PERFORATED BARRIER FOR HEARING AID TRANSDUCERS

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A barrier device configured to resist accumulation of foreign materials and passage of the foreign materials to a transducer
of a hearing assistance device, the barrier device comprising:
a plug adapted to fit within an opening of a portion of the hearing assistance device, the plug comprising a semi-rigid microporous
membrane having an aperture offset from a center of the membrane and the aperture configured to provide barometric relief,
the membrane configured to be positioned substantially even with an external surface of the plug and coated with oleophobic
and hydrophobic materials, wherein the plug includes an extension and a lip, and wherein the plug, extension and lip have
different cross-sectional shapes,

wherein the barrier device is acoustically transparent and prevents accumulation of the foreign materials and passage of the
foreign materials to the transducer and wherein the membrane includes a polyethylene blend material configured for acoustic
transparency.

US Pat. No. 9,161,139

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DETECTING CELLULAR TELEPHONES FOR HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance device, comprising:
a processor;
a radio frequency transceiver connected to the processor;
an acoustic input;
a magnetic input; and
a detection circuit connected to the processor, the detection circuit including multiple band pass filters configured for
uplink and downlink frequencies associated with cellular communications, and wherein the detection circuit is adapted to monitor
a radio frequency signal to detect a cellular telephone in proximity to the hearing assistance device based on the monitored
signal,

wherein the processor is configured to switch between the acoustic input and the magnetic input when the cellular telephone
is detected in proximity to the hearing assistance device using the detection circuit.

US Pat. No. 9,301,064

HEARING AID REMOVAL HANDLE

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A housing for a hearing aid, comprising:
an earmold for containing electronic components of the hearing aid;
a faceplate attached to the earmold;
a battery door opening into a battery compartment and hingedly mounted on the faceplate via a hinge, the battery door having
an exterior side facing outwardly and an interior side facing toward the battery compartment;

a flexible and elongated removal handle that passes through a hole in the battery door from the exterior side to the interior
side and is attached to the interior side of the battery door, wherein the hole is located nearer the battery door's hinged
connection with the faceplate than to the opposite end of the battery door; and,

wherein the battery door is adapted to be seated underneath a portion of the faceplate via extensions to secure the battery
door in a closed position unless the battery door is popped open via an indentation in the faceplate.

US Pat. No. 9,191,752

ENTRAINMENT AVOIDANCE WITH AN AUTO REGRESSIVE FILTER

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance device, comprising:
an input device configured to produce an input signal;
an output device configured to emit a sound based on an output signal; and
a signal processor including an adaptive feedback cancellation filter configured to estimate an acoustic feedback from the
output device to the input device, the signal processor configured to:

produce the output signal by processing the input signal;
produce a predicted input signal using an autoregressive analysis;
adjust an adaptation rate of the adaptive feedback cancellation filter to avoid entrainment based on the input signal and
the predicted input signal, wherein the signal processor is configured to predict a correlated input signal and a tonal input
signal and adjust the adaptation rate in response to the prediction of the correlated input signal or the tonal input signal,
and wherein the signal processor is configured to produce a predicted input error signal being a difference between the input
signal and the predicted input signal, produce a ratio of a power of the predicted input error signal to a power of the predicted
input signal, and adjust the adaptation rate of the adaptive feedback cancellation filter based on the ratio.

US Pat. No. 9,439,006

REMOTE CONTROL FOR A HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICE

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A communication system for controlling a hearing assistance device, the system comprising: a personal wireless device including
a short range radio transmitter programmed to transmit instructions to the hearing assistance device by conversion of inputs
to the personal wireless device into control signals for the hearing assistance device using on/off keying of the short range
radio transmitter, wherein the on/off keying includes a burst sequence and wherein the burst sequence can be demodulated using
an envelope detection and wherein the short range radio transmitter is configured to use a wireless technology standard for
exchanging data, such as BLUETOOTH.

US Pat. No. 9,408,001

SEPARATE INNER AND OUTER HAIR CELL LOSS COMPENSATION

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

16. A method for compressively amplifying an audio signal, comprising:
filtering the audio signal into a plurality of frequency components;
inputting the frequency components of the audio signal to a plurality of corresponding frequency-specific channels each of
which includes first and second fast signal level estimators (fast SLEs) and a slow signal level estimators (slow SLEs) wherein
each slow SLE has a slow low-pass filter characterized by a rise time constant and a decay time constant and each fast SLE
has a fast low-pass filter characterized by a rise time constant and a decay time constant;

for each frequency-specific channel, inputting a narrowband component of the audio signal to the first slow SLE and inputting
a wideband component of the audio signal to the second slow SLE and to the fast SLE;

for each frequency-specific channel, subtracting the output of the second slow SLE from the output of the fast SLE and inputting
the result to a fast level-to-gain transformer;

for each frequency-specific channel, inputting the output of the first slow SLE to a slow level-to-gain transformer;
for each frequency-specific channel, amplifying the audio signal with a gain adjusted by a summation of the outputs of the
fast level-to-gain transformer and the slow level-to-gain transformer; and,

multiplying the output of the fast level-to-gain transformer by a weighting factor computed as a function of the output of
the first slow SLE before summing with the output of the slow level-to-gain transformer.

US Pat. No. 9,219,966

LOCATION BASED ASSISTANCE USING HEARING INSTRUMENTS

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method of providing location based services, the method comprising:
at a presence device, using one or more processors:
monitoring for the presence of a hearing instrument by listening for a wireless message from the hearing instrument; and
responsive to detecting the wireless message from the hearing instrument:
establishing a short-range wireless communication session with the hearing instrument;
determining an identity of the hearing instrument;
identifying a user of the hearing instrument based upon the determined identity of the hearing instrument;
providing a location-based authentication service for at least a portion of a time that the hearing instrument maintains the
short-range wireless communication session with the presence device, by sending a notification to register the hearing instrument
at a location register, the notification including an identifier associated with the user of the hearing instrument and at
least one of: a network address of the hearing instrument or a network address of the presence device.

US Pat. No. 9,185,500

COMPRESSION OF SPACED SOURCES FOR HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. An apparatus for processing sound for a hearing assistance device placed at a wearer's ear, the apparatus comprising:
a receiver adapted to receive signals from a sound environment;
a processor connected to the receiver, the processor adapted to process received signals to isolate individual sound source
components, the processor further adapted to apply a head-related transfer function to the individual sound source components;

a compressor connected to the processor, the compressor adapted to independently compress each of the individual sound source
components prior to the application of the head-related transfer function;

a mixer connected to the compressor, the mixer adapted to mix the compressed sound source components to produce a mixed output
signal; and

a speaker connected to the mixer, the speaker integrated with the hearing assistance device and adapted to output the mixed
output signal at the wearer's ear.

US Pat. No. 9,510,283

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MANAGING POWER CONSUMPTION IN A WIRELESS NETWORK

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method for wireless communications of isochronous data, comprising:
receiving a transmission of isochronous data using an electronic device having a battery and a receiver;
determining a data rate that can be accommodated by the electronic device using a number of redundant transmissions received
by the device within a predetermined time frame to limit discharge of the battery, wherein the data rate and the time frame
are adjustable and depends on the capacity and chemistry of the battery; and

adjusting the receiver to the determined data rate.

US Pat. No. 9,288,588

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CREATING BINAURAL BEATS USING HEARING AIDS

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance system for delivering sounds to a listener, comprising:
a hearing aid set configured to be worn by the listener, the hearing aid set including:
a first hearing aid configured to generate a first acoustic signal having a first frequency and deliver the first acoustic
signal to the listener;

a second hearing aid communicatively coupled to the first hearing aid and configured to generate a second acoustic signal
having a second frequency and deliver the second acoustic signal to the listener, the second frequency differing from the
first frequency such that binaural beats are created to be perceived by the listener by simultaneously delivering the first
acoustic signal and the second acoustic signal to the listener, the binaural beats having a third frequency being a difference
between the first frequency and the second frequency; and

control circuitry including a first portion in the first hearing aid and a second portion in the second hearing aid, the control
circuitry including:

a user input device configured to receive a user selection command;
a storage device;
signal sets stored in the storage device, the signal sets each produced for a specific purpose of creating the binaural beats;
and

a signal generator configured to select a signal set from the signal sets stored in the storage device according to the user
selection command and generate the first acoustic signal and the second acoustic signal using the selected signal set.

US Pat. No. 9,485,595

INVERTED FLANGE EARBUD

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. An earbud for insertion into an external ear canal, comprising:
a cylindrically shaped body having proximal and distal ends and having a cavity located at its distal end for receiving and
connecting to a hearing aid's receiver;

a flange made of resilient material extending radially and longitudinally from the circumference of a portion of the body
and terminating in a relatively more rigid retainer ring, wherein the circumference of the flange increases with longitudinal
distance from the distal end of the body up to a maximum value at an apex and then decreases to the circumference of the retainer
ring;

wherein the flange is adapted to be inverted so that the retaining ring is located proximally from the proximal end of the
body to form a debris reservoir between the flange and the body for collecting wax as the earbud is inserted into the external
ear canal;

wherein the circumference of the retainer ring is smaller than the circumference of the proximal end of the body so that the
retainer ring is blocked from advancing distally beyond the proximal end of the body when the earbud is inserted into the
external ear canal; and,

one or more acoustic ports located at the proximal end of the body for conducting sound produced by the hearing aid receiver
into the external ear canal.

US Pat. No. 9,294,850

PARALLEL ANTENNAS FOR STANDARD FIT HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance device, comprising:
a housing;
a power source;
a radio circuit within the housing and electrically connected to the power source;
an antenna including first and second parallel loops conforming to opposite perimeters of the device housing, wherein the
loops are configured to be electrically fed in parallel and phase is configured to be adjusted between the loops to steer
a radiation pattern in a near or far field; and

a transmission line to electrically connect the antenna to the radio circuit.

US Pat. No. 9,204,227

NOISE REDUCTION SYSTEM FOR HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A system for binaural noise reduction, the system comprising:
a first hearing assistance device configured to be worn in a first ear of a wearer; and
a second hearing assistance device configured to be worn in a second ear of the wearer,
wherein the first hearing assistance device includes a first processor configured to compute a first gain estimate for a first
sound played at the first ear using first noise reduction calculations based on a first received sound at the first hearing
assistance device, combined with second coded noise reduction calculations based on a second sound received at the second
hearing assistance device, the second coded noise reduction calculations transferred wirelessly from the second hearing assistance
device at a bit rate that is reduced by increasing a level of quantization from a rate necessary to transmit the information
prior to coding.

US Pat. No. 9,167,366

THRESHOLD-DERIVED FITTING METHOD FOR FREQUENCY TRANSLATION IN HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method, comprising:
receiving a first audiogram for a first hearing assistance device for a wearer;
receiving a second audiogram for a second hearing assistance device for the wearer;
comparing the first audiogram and the second audiogram to audiometric thresholds;
enabling frequency translation in the first and second hearing assistance devices if the first audiogram and the second audiogram
meet or exceed the audiometric thresholds;

disabling frequency translation in the first and second hearing assistance devices if the first audiogram or the second audiogram
do not meet or exceed the audiometric thresholds;

if frequency translation is enabled, setting parameters for frequency translation based on the first and second audiograms;
and,

estimating a corner frequency for each of the first and second audiograms as the lowest frequency at which the slope of the
audiogram exceeds 20 dB per octave and computing frequency translation parameters such that a peak found at 2500 Hz is translated
to the corner frequency.

US Pat. No. 9,654,885

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR ALLOCATING FEEDBACK CANCELLATION RESOURCES FOR HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance device, comprising:
a microphone; and
a processor configured to receive signals from the microphone and process them according to a plurality of processing blocks,
the processor including a feedback canceller and an event manager, the event manager including:

an event detector configured to provide detection of an event that can effect performance of the feedback canceller;
a short term module configured to process short term events detected by the event detector;
a long term module configured to process long term events detected by the event detector; and
a control module configured to adjust one or more processing blocks of the overall process using outputs of the short term
and long term modules to more efficiently use resources of the feedback canceller for the event detected.

US Pat. No. 9,628,924

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR IMPROVING HEARING AID ANTENNA EFFICIENCY

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance system for delivering sound to a user wearing a garment, comprising:
a first hearing aid configured to be worn by the user, the first hearing aid including:
a first hearing aid circuit including a first communication circuit including a first antenna and configured to perform wireless
communication, a first microphone, a first receiver, and a first processing circuit coupled to the first microphone, the first
receiver, and the first communication circuit; and

a first hearing aid shell housing the first hearing aid circuit; and
a wearable antenna assembly external to the first hearing aid shell, the wearable antenna assembly including one or more conductive
fabric patches configured to be worn by the user and function as an antenna reflector configured to redirect signals of the
wireless communication for improving efficiency of the first antenna.

US Pat. No. 9,510,113

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR COMMUNICATION BETWEEN HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICES IN A BLUETOOTH NETWORK

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance system for wireless communication between a master device in a network and a plurality of slave devices
in the network, the hearing assistance system comprising:
a pair of hearing aids each being a device of the plurality of slave devices in the network, the hearing aids configured to
communicate with the master device using a Bluetooth protocol during one or more first time slots in a Bluetooth connection
interval and to communicate directly with each other during one or more second time slots within the Bluetooth connection
interval, the first and second time slots non-overlapping in time.

US Pat. No. 9,485,589

ENHANCED DYNAMICS PROCESSING OF STREAMING AUDIO BY SOURCE SEPARATION AND REMIXING

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method, comprising:
isolating individual sound source components from an audio signal, including automatically isolating the components based
on individual sound source;

independently processing the individual sound source components to compensate for hearing loss of a wearer of a hearing assistance
device;

after processing the components, mixing the sound source components with the unprocessed audio signal to produce a mixed audio
signal to minimize audible artifacts; and

providing the mixed audio signal to the wearer using the hearing assistance device worn by the wearer.

US Pat. No. 9,420,385

LOW POWER INTERMITTENT MESSAGING FOR HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method for hearing assistance device communications between a transmitter having a first clock and a receiver having
a second clock, the method comprising:
synchronizing the first clock, having a first frequency drift, and the second clock, having a second frequency drift, at a
synchronization time;

determining a time interval between the synchronization time and a transmission time of a transmission, wherein the transmission
includes a packet;

calculating a drift window using an initial drift window and a potential drift amount between the first clock and the second
clock over the time interval including using a calculation of a number of sleep window intervals between the transmission
and a second transmission, wherein the initial drift window is a product of a sleep interval and clock accuracy;

transmitting the transmission with the transmitter on a first channel, the transmission including a repetition of packets
having a packet length based on the first frequency drift and the second frequency drift and a duration based on the drift
window; and

retransmitting the transmission on a second channel when the receiver does not receive the packet on the first channel.

US Pat. No. 9,374,650

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR EMBEDDING CONDUCTIVE TRACES INTO HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICE HOUSINGS

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method of forming a hearing assistance device housing, comprising:
constructing the housing of laser direct structuring (LDS) compatible plastic including a photo conductive dopant;
laser printing the housing to activate the photo conductive dopant along a path traced by the laser on the surface of the
plastic to provide a conductive trace on a surface of the housing; and

plating the housing using an electroless process to increase the conductivity of the conductive trace to provide a first conductive
portion of the housing along the path traced by the laser for use as a radio frequency antenna and a second conductive portion
of the housing to provide radio frequency shielding.

US Pat. No. 9,319,813

FITTING SYSTEM WITH INTELLIGENT VISUAL TOOLS

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method comprising:
calculating a response curve of a hearing assistance device, the response curve indicating sound level pressure level compared
to frequency,

displaying, on a display device, the response curve; and
displaying concurrently with the response curve, a visual cue, wherein the visual cue includes an animation technique to dynamically
illustrate changes in the response curve and to dynamically illustrate changes in a target curve when a fitting variable is
changed during a fitting session of the hearing assistance device, and wherein the visual cue includes dynamic changes in
color, shading and line thickness to assist a user in visualizing the response curve with respect to the target curve, and
further displaying a grab handle for graphical adjustment, the grab handle including a fill color corresponding to a left
or right hearing assistance device side with greater performance based on the change, the fill color automatically updated
to indicate performance resulting from the change in the fitting variable.

US Pat. No. 9,294,851

HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICES WITH ECHO CANCELLATION

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance device, comprising:
a housing configured to be worn on or in an ear of a wearer;
a microphone in the housing;
an output from the housing;
a receiver connected to the output;
an adaptive filter in the housing configured to perform acoustic feedback cancellation for the hearing assistance device;
a signal processor in the housing programmed to include feedback cancellation; and
a wireless communication antenna in the housing, a wireless communication receiver in the housing, and a wireless communication
transmitter in the housing;

wherein the hearing assistance device is configured to operate in multiple reception modes including a wireless communication
mode;

wherein in the wireless communication mode, the microphone is electrically decoupled from the output and a received wireless
signal is used as a training signal for the adaptive filter, wherein the signal processor is configured to modify the feedback
cancellation by changing an adaptation coefficient of the adaptive filter such that echo cancellation of the wireless signal
is performed by the adaptive filter.

US Pat. No. 9,107,015

SYSTEM FOR AUTOMATIC FITTING USING REAL EAR MEASUREMENT

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance device for a wearer having an ear and an ear canal, the wearer having a plurality of target gains
determined for the ear, comprising:
a housing;
a hearing assistance device microphone within the housing adapted to sample sound from the wearer's ear canal using a probe
tube, the hearing assistance device microphone situated in an opening of the ear canal and configured to be used as both a
device microphone and a real-ear measurement microphone;

a receiver adapted to play a sound stimulus to the wearer's ear canal; and
hearing assistance electronics within the housing in communication with the hearing assistance device microphone and the receiver,
the hearing assistance electronics programmed to process signals received by the hearing assistance device microphone to automatically
self-correct frequency dependent gain of signals played by the receiver in the wearer's ear canal using real-ear measurements
by the hearing assistance device microphone to approximate the plurality of target gains for each of a plurality of frequency
ranges by iterating until an overall target matching error for the plurality of frequency ranges is less than a programmable
threshold by adjusting gain in each frequency range by an amount proportional to the target matching error for the frequency
range, wherein the hearing assistance electronics use an attenuation factor of the probe tube to process the signals.

US Pat. No. 9,374,646

BINAURAL ENHANCEMENT OF TONE LANGUAGE FOR HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method for enhancing pitch in a hearing assistance system having a first and second hearing assistance device, the method
comprising:
receiving a signal using a microphone of the first hearing assistance device;
performing pitch detection on the signal to obtain a pitch value;
wirelessly transmitting the pitch value from the first hearing assistance device to the second hearing assistance device;
combining the pitch value of the first hearing assistance device with a detected pitch value of the second hearing assistance
device using pitch detection confidence determined based on signal-to-noise ratio of the first hearing assistance device and
the second hearing assistance device, including classification based on a slope of a pitch contour value; and

adjusting gain based on the combined pitch value to improve understanding of speech.

US Pat. No. 9,124,983

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR LOCALIZATION OF STREAMING SOURCES IN HEARING ASSISTANCE SYSTEM

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance system for transmitting sounds to a user, the system comprising:
a streaming source including a processing circuit configured to produce an audio signal and a streaming circuit configured
to stream the audio signal;

a hearing aid set configured to be communicatively coupled to the streaming source via a wireless link to receive the streamed
audio signal, process the streamed audio signal to produce output sounds, and transmit the output sounds to the user, the
output sounds having a spatialization effect allowing the user to locate the streaming source, the hearing aid set including
a left hearing aid configured to deliver a left output sound of the output sounds to the user and a right hearing aid configured
to deliver a right output sound of the output sounds to the user;

a positioning system configured to determine the position of the hearing aid set relative to the streaming source in real
time; and

a spatialization processor configured to spatially enhance the audio signal using the position of the hearing aid set relative
to the streaming source by determining a time delay between the left output sound and the right output sound using the position
of the hearing aid set relative to the streaming source and introducing the time delay between the left output sound and the
right output sound.

US Pat. No. 9,402,142

RANGE CONTROL FOR WIRELESS HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICE SYSTEMS

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance system, comprising:
a wireless streaming device;
a hearing assistance device including a wireless communication receiver configured to receive an advertisement radio frequency
transmission from the streaming device and configured to receive a streaming information radio frequency transmission from
the streaming device, wherein the hearing assistance device is configured to wake up and scan for the advertisement transmission
on a specified channel; and

wherein the wireless streaming device includes a range control configured to provide a first range for the advertisement transmission
and a second range for the streaming information transmission, and wherein the second range of the streaming information transmission
is greater than the first range of the advertisement transmission, and wherein the advertisement transmission includes information
regarding a channel, frequency, timeslot, or code for demodulation of the streaming information transmission.

US Pat. No. 9,386,384

HEARING INSTRUMENT TRANSDUCTION APPARATUS USING FERROELECTRET POLYMER FOAM

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance device configured to be worn by a wearer, comprising:
a transduction element including ferroelectret polymer foam, wherein the ferroelectret polymer foam is configured to include
patches arranged in concentric chords extending outward on a surface of the hearing assistance device to sense propagating
sound waves at different locations.

US Pat. No. 9,294,849

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DETECTING USER ACTIVITIES FROM WITHIN A HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICE USING A VIBRATION SENSOR

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance device configured to be worn by a user having an ear canal, comprising:
a microphone configured to receive sound and produce a sound signal relating to the received sound;
a sensor configured to sense user activities and produce a sensor signal relating to the user activities;
a signal processor coupled to the microphone and the sensor, the signal processor configured to determine correlations each
between the sensor signal and a signature of predetermined signatures characterizing types of the user activities, detect
the types of the user activities using the correlations, and process the sound signal using an outcome of the detection; and

an earmold shell housing at least the signal processor.

US Pat. No. 9,113,276

AUTOMATIC RECONFIGURATION OF A HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICE BASED ON BATTERY CHARACTERISTICS

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method of operating a hearing assistance device having a battery, the method comprising:
detecting voltage of the battery at a predetermined load current;
preventing the hearing assistance device from powering up before the battery voltage is detected;
determining battery type based on detected voltage; and
adjusting an operating parameter of the hearing assistance device based on determined battery type, the adjusting configured
to reduce degradation in hearing assistance functions dependent on unregulated battery voltage.

US Pat. No. 9,451,372

FM RADIO SYSTEM FOR DIGITAL AND ANALOG COMMUNICATIONS FOR HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A wireless device for wireless communication with a hearing assistance device, the wireless device comprising:
a modulator configured to controllably provide frequency modulated signals from analog and digital information; and
a multiplexer configured to selectably pass the analog information or the digital information by selecting a signal to provide
to an oscillator based on an input to the multiplexer, wherein the multiplexer is further configured to enable a power amplifier
connected to the modulator when analog information is presented and to enable a limiting device connected to the modulator
when digital information is presented, wherein the hearing assistance device is configured for reception of analog and digital
signals.

US Pat. No. 9,392,379

OUTPUT PHASE MODULATION ENTRAINMENT CONTAINMENT FOR DIGITAL FILTERS

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method for containing entrainment in audio processing, comprising:
converting an input sound into digital, frequency domain input subband signals each having subband frequencies;
producing error subband signals by subtracting estimated feedback subband signals from the input subband signals;
enabling or disabling output phase modulation for each signal of the input subband signals based on at least the subband frequencies
of that signal;

applying the output phase modulation to adjust phase of the error subband signal corresponding to each signal of the input
subband signals when the output phase modulation is enabled for that signal;

processing the error subband signals;
converting the processed error subband signals into an output sound; and
producing the estimated feedback subband signals using a bulk delay and an adaptive filter based on the processed error subband
signals.

US Pat. No. 9,491,555

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MICROPHONES SHARING A COMMON ACOUSTIC VOLUME

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance device, comprising:
hearing assistance electronics;
a hearing assistance device housing having a first housing port and a second housing port, the hearing assistance electronics
configured to be disposed within the hearing assistance device housing; and

a microphone module configured to be connected to the housing and configured to provide signals to the hearing assistance
electronics, the microphone module including:

a first microphone capsule including a first opening;
a second microphone capsule including a second opening; and
wherein the first opening and the second opening are configured to be aligned and acoustically sealed to provide a shared
acoustic volume for the first microphone capsule and the second microphone capsule, and wherein the first and second microphone
capsules are configured to be mounted to a connection plate using solder pads, and

wherein the first microphone capsule is configured to receive sound from the first housing port and the second microphone
capsule is configured to receive sound from the second housing port.

US Pat. No. 9,332,360

COMPRESSION AND MIXING FOR HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method for processing sound for a hearing assistance device placed at a wearer's ear, the method comprising:
receiving stereo signals from a sound environment using a receiver;
processing received signals to isolate individual sound source components using a processor connected to the receiver;
compressing the individual sound source components using a compressor connected to the processor;
mixing the compressed sound source components to produce a mixed output signal using a mixer connected to the compressor;
and

outputting the mixed output signal at the wearer's ear using a speaker integrated with the hearing assistance device.

US Pat. No. 9,654,887

HEARING AID ADAPTED FOR EMBEDDED ELECTRONICS

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method of manufacturing a hearing aid, the method comprising:
providing a housing for the hearing aid, the housing including integrated passive electrical components embedded within a
sidewall of the housing; and

providing multi-axis conductive traces along contours of the sidewall of the housing using conductor-on-insulator (COI) technology,
the conductive traces overlaying an insulator and following non-planar contours of the insulator, the conductive traces configured
to connect the integrated passive electrical components to hearing aid electronics within the housing using the conductive
traces.

US Pat. No. 9,124,995

REVISION CONTROL WITHIN HEARING-AID FITTING SOFTWARE

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method comprising:
storing session fitting data for a plurality of fitting sessions of a hearing assistance device;
displaying a graphical user interface, the graphical user interface including a list of the plurality of fitting sessions
of the hearing assistance device, the list of the graphical user interface allowing for selection of two or more fitting sessions
for display;

receiving a selection of at least two fitting sessions from the list, the selection including a first fitting session and
a second fitting session; and

in response to receiving the selection, updating a portion of the graphical user interface to overlay a response curve related
to the first fitting session with a response curve related to the second fitting session, wherein the response curve related
to the first fitting session is in a first format and the response curved related to the second fitting session is in a second
format.

US Pat. No. 9,071,918

BALL AND SOCKET CONNECTION WITH AN ACOUSTIC SEAL AND MOUNTING INTERFACE FOR A HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICE

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. An apparatus for use with a hearing assistance device, the apparatus comprising:
a receiver case configured to house a hearing assistance device receiver, the receiver case including a spherical receiver
spout, the spherical receiver spout including an opening; and

a receptacle housing including:
a spherical socket adapted to mate with the spherical receiver spout to form a ball and socket connection; and
a solid insert removably recessed within the spherical socket, the solid insert including a lip configured to establish a
retained interference fit with a lip of the opening of the receiver spout when the connection is formed so as to create an
acoustic seal therebetween.

US Pat. No. 9,282,416

WIRELESS SYSTEM FOR HEARING COMMUNICATION DEVICES PROVIDING WIRELESS STEREO RECEPTION MODES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method for a wearer having a first ear and a second ear, comprising:
receiving wireless communications from a remote source using a first hearing communication device, the wireless communications
including first stereo channel audio information and second stereo channel audio information, wherein the first hearing communications
device is configured to provide the first stereo channel audio information to the first ear;

encoding the second stereo channel audio information using the first hearing communication device to prepare for transmission
to a second hearing communication device; and

wirelessly transmitting the second stereo channel audio information from the first hearing communication device to the second
hearing communication device, the second hearing communication configured to provide the second stereo channel audio information
to the second ear,

wherein the second hearing communication device is configured to receive signals without an electrical connection to the first
hearing communication device.

US Pat. No. 9,060,231

FREQUENCY TRANSLATION BY HIGH-FREQUENCY SPECTRAL ENVELOPE WARPING IN HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance apparatus, comprising:
a filter configured to receive an audio signal and to generate a high frequency filtered signal at a splitting frequency;
and

a frequency translation system configured to transpose at least a portion of an audio spectrum of the filtered signal to a
lower frequency range, including applying a warping function to produce a transposed audio signal, and further configured
to sum the transposed signal with the audio signal to generate an output signal,

wherein the frequency translation system is configured to perform a transposition process including estimating an all-pole
spectral envelope of the filtered signal from a plurality of line spectral frequencies.

US Pat. No. 9,055,357

MULTI-DIRECTIONAL AND OMNIDIRECTIONAL HYBRID MICROPHONE FOR HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A microphone array system for receiving sounds, comprising:
a first directional microphone having a first directional axis in a first direction;
a second directional microphone having a second directional axis that is collinear with the first direction and pointing in
the same direction as the first direction;

an omnidirectional microphone having a sound sampling position that is a disposed between the first directional microphone
and the second directional microphone;

wherein the omnidirectional microphone sound sampling position is on or about the first directional axis and wherein weighted
outputs of the first directional microphone, second directional microphone, and omnidirectional microphone are processed to
provide a second order directional microphone system.

US Pat. No. 9,602,934

ANTENNAS FOR STANDARD FIT HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance device, comprising:
a housing including an outer shell;
a power source within the housing;
a radio circuit within the housing and electrically connected to the power source;
a flex antenna having an aperture, wherein the radio circuit is at least substantially within the aperture, wherein the power
source is not within the aperture, and wherein the antenna has a portion on the outside surface of the outer shell, a portion
on the inside surface of the outer shell, a portion within walls of the outer shell; and

a transmission line to electrically connect the antenna to the radio circuit.

US Pat. No. 9,949,051

EMBEDDED AND PRINTED ACOUSTIC PORT

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A microphone assembly for a hearing assistance device, comprising:a microphone having a planar surface with an acoustic inlet port;
a printed circuit board (PCB) having a printed trace connecting two points on an edge of the PCB;
a solder mask having a cut-out with a border that matches the shape of the printed trace;
wherein the microphone is stacked on the printed circuit board with the solder mask interposed therebetween; and,
wherein an acoustic inlet manifold continuous with the acoustic inlet port is created between the microphone, the cut-out of the solder mask, and the printed trace.

US Pat. No. 9,491,556

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PROGRAMMING HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICE USING PERCEPTUAL MODEL

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance system for delivering processed sound to a listener, comprising:
a controller configured to produce a distribution of a plurality of presets in an N-dimensional space automatically using
a perceptual model, the plurality of presets including predetermined settings for a plurality of parameters of a signal processing
algorithm, the perceptual model representative of the listener's hearing loss profile and providing for a prediction of difference
between each pair of presets of the plurality of presets perceivable by the listener, the prediction of difference used by
the controller to produce the distribution of the plurality of presets in the N-dimensional space.

US Pat. No. 9,344,817

HEARING AID SYSTEMS

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method to be performed using a mobile device and a non-transitory application with executable instructions to be executed
by the mobile device, the method, comprising:
receiving, using the mobile device and the application to be executed by the mobile device, digital transmissions through
a long-range network into the mobile device, wherein receiving digital transmissions through the long-range network includes
receiving digital transmissions through a wireless cellular network, and

programming, using the mobile device and application to be executed by the mobile device a hearing aid through a wireless
short-range communication link that is configured to be worn in or near an ear of a hearing-impaired patient, the hearing
aid including:

a microphone to pick up sound and produce an audio signal;
a processing system to process the audio signal from the microphone into a processed signal tailored to fit the hearing-impaired
patient; and

a speaker to convert the processed signal into an output audio signal and present the output audio signal to the hearing-impaired
patient,

wherein programming includes using digital data within the received digital transmissions to program the processing system
of the hearing aid to fit the hearing-impaired patient,

wherein the mobile device is a digital cellular telephone, and the method further comprises using the digital telephone and
the application to be executed by the digital telephone to access an Internet connection through the wireless cellular network
and to communicate with a server through the cellular network and through the Internet connection.

US Pat. No. 9,544,699

WIRELESS STREAMING TO HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method for receiving streaming audio with a first hearing assistance device from a system including a second hearing
assistance device and a streaming audio transmission device, the method comprising:
at the first hearing assistance device:
receiving a packet of stereo streaming audio data from a streaming audio transmission device over a first wireless link;
receiving a second packet of the stereo streaming audio data from a second hearing assistance device over a second wireless
link, the second hearing assistance device receiving the packet of stereo streaming audio data from the streaming audio transmission
device and retransmitting at least a portion of the stereo streaming audio data in the packet to the first hearing assistance
device over the second wireless link as the second packet;

determining a first quality metric for the first wireless link;
determining a second quality metric for the second wireless link;
selecting an output packet based upon the first and second quality metrics, the output packet comprising the first packet
if the first quality metric is better than or equal to the second quality metric and the second packet if the second quality
metric is better than the first quality metric; and

outputting to a speaker of the first hearing assistance device, audio corresponding to the output packet.

US Pat. No. 9,210,518

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MICROPHONE MATCHING FOR WEARABLE DIRECTIONAL HEARING DEVICE USING WEARER'S OWN VOICE

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method for matching a first and second microphone for a hearing assistance device worn by a user, the method comprising:
receiving signals representative of sounds from the user's mouth from at least one or more of the first and second microphones,
the first and second microphones configured to be in relatively constant spatial position with respect to the user's mouth;

detecting an average fundamental frequency of voice, or pitch output, using the received signals;
producing a voice detection trigger based at least on the pitch output, the voice detection trigger configured to detect intervals
when the user is speaking;

processing at least the voice detection trigger using a least means squares (LMS) adaptive filter to produce a mismatch output;
and

using the mismatch output to adaptively match directional microphone response of the first microphone to directional microphone
response of the second microphone during the intervals.

US Pat. No. 9,949,041

HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICE WITH BEAMFORMER OPTIMIZED USING A PRIORI SPATIAL INFORMATION

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance system for processing speech from a sound source, comprising:a microphone configured to receive an input sound and produce a microphone signal representative of the input sound, the input sound including the speech from the sound source;
a processing circuit configured to process the microphone signal to produce an output signal, the processing circuit including a multichannel Wiener filter (MWF) and configured to approximately optimize the multichannel Wiener filter (MWF) for noise reduction and speech quality in the output sound by minimizing a noise variance with constraints formulated using a priori spatial information about the sound source and independent of signal correlation matrix, the constraints ensuring that a measure of speech distortion is below a first threshold parameter and ensuring that a measure of noise reduction performance is at or above a second threshold parameter; and
a receiver configured to produce an output sound including the speech using the output signal.

US Pat. No. 9,474,154

REFLOW SOLDERABLE FLEXIBLE CIRCUIT BOARD — TO — FLEXIBLE CIRCUIT BOARD CONNECTOR REINFORCEMENT

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A system, comprising:
a first flexible substrate with a first number of conductors, the first flexible substrate configured to be mechanically flexed,
and the first flexible substrate having at least a first solder pad, a second solder pad and third solder pad;

a surface mounted device (SMD) soldered to the first solder pad of the first flexible substrate and connected to at least
some of the first number of conductors;

a first board-to-board connector element soldered to the second solder pad that is on a first side of the first flexible substrate,
the first board-to-board connector element connected to at least some of the first number of conductors, the first board-to-board
connector element being configured to mechanically connect to a second board-to-board connector element on a second flexible
substrate and to electrically connect at least some of the first number of conductors in the first flexible substrate to at
least some conductors in the second flexible substrate; and

a stiffener board soldered to a third solder pad that is on a second side of the first flexible substrate opposite the second
solder pad and the first board- to-board connector element.

US Pat. No. 9,332,359

CUSTOMIZATION OF ADAPTIVE DIRECTIONALITY FOR HEARING AIDS USING A PORTABLE DEVICE

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A portable device for use by a wearer of a hearing aid set including one or more hearing aids, the hearing aid set receiving
a directionality customization signal from the portable device and controlling directionality of sound reception using the
directionality customization signal, the portable device comprising:
a communication circuit configured to communicate with the hearing aid set;
a user interface configured to allow the wearer to enter user commands including a location command indicating one or more
wearer-indicated locations each including a signal location identified by the wearer or a noise location identified by the
wearer, the signal location being a location of a source of a sound of interest, the noise location being a location of a
source of noise; and

a processing circuit coupled to the user interface and the communication circuit, the processing circuit configured to produce
the directionality customization signal using the location command and transmit the directionality customization signal to
the hearing aid set using the communication circuit.

US Pat. No. 9,210,520

EAR TO EAR COMMUNICATION USING WIRELESS LOW ENERGY TRANSPORT

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method comprising:
at a first hearing assistance device:
prior to establishing an ear-to-ear wireless connection with a second hearing assistance device, alternately scanning for
a connectable advertisement sent from the second hearing assistance device and sending a connectable advertisement from the
first hearing assistance device;

responsive to receiving the connectible advertisement from the second hearing assistance device, establishing the ear-to-ear
wireless connection with the second hearing assistance device, wherein the first hearing assistance device is a master device;

responsive to establishing the ear-to-ear wireless connection with the second hearing assistance device, sending the connectable
advertisement between a first and a second connection event of the ear-to-ear wireless connection;

receiving a connection request from a host device in response to the connectable advertisement sent by the first hearing assistance
device; and

responsive to the connection request, abandoning the ear-to-ear wireless connection with the second hearing assistance device,
and establishing a wireless connection with the host device.

US Pat. No. 9,197,970

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR REDUCING AMBIENT NOISE BASED ON ANNOYANCE PERCEPTION AND MODELING FOR HEARING-IMPAIRED LISTENERS

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method for improving noise cancellation for a wearer of a hearing assistance device having an adaptive filter, the method
comprising:
calculating an annoyance measure based on a residual signal in an ear of the wearer, the wearer's hearing loss, and the wearer's
preference;

estimating a spectral weighting function based on a ratio of the annoyance measure and spectral energy; and
incorporating the spectral weighting function into a cost function for an update of the adaptive filter.

US Pat. No. 9,584,933

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR LOCALIZATION OF STREAMING SOURCES IN HEARING ASSISTANCE SYSTEM

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance system for transmitting sounds to a user from one or more streaming sources, the system comprising:
a hearing aid configured to be communicatively coupled to the one or more streaming sources via one or more wireless links
to receive an audio signal streamed from a streaming source of the one or more streaming sources, process the audio signal
to produce an output sound, and transmit the output sound to the user, the output sound including a spatialization effect
allowing the user to locate the streaming source from which the audio signal is received;

a positioning system configured to determine a distance between the hearing aid and the streaming source from which the audio
signal is received; and

a spatialization processor configured to select a spatialization technique from a plurality of spatialization techniques based
on the distance and spatially enhance the audio signal using the distance and the selected spatialization technique such that
the output sound includes the spatialization effect.

US Pat. No. 9,326,078

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR IMPROVING SPEECH UNDERSTANDING IN A LARGE CROWD

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A system for improving speech understanding in noisy environments, comprising:
a central processing station that includes processing circuitry and wireless communication circuitry;
a plurality of hearing aids for wearing by a plurality of users, wherein each hearing aid includes an input transducer, an
output transducer, processing circuitry, and a wireless transceiver for communicating with the central processing station;

wherein at least one of the plurality of hearing aids is configured to act as a target hearing aid adapted to be worn by a
first user;

wherein at least one of the plurality of hearing aids is configured to act as a source hearing aid adapted to be worn by a
second user;

wherein the source hearing aid is configured to extract speech spoken by a user of the source hearing aid as received by its
input transducer and transmit the extracted speech signals to the central processing station;

wherein the central processing station is configured to perform hearing loss compensation according to hearing loss parameters
specified for the target hearing aid on the received extracted speech signals and transmit the compensated signals to the
target hearing aid; and,

wherein the target hearing aid is configured to decode the compensated signals received from the central processing station
and play back the decoded signals through its output transducer.

US Pat. No. 9,197,972

DYNAMIC NEGOTIATION AND DISCOVERY OF HEARING AID FEATURES AND CAPABILITIES BY FITTING SOFTWARE TO PROVIDE FORWARD AND BACKWARD COMPATIBILITY

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method comprising:
transmitting, from a hearing assistance device application to a hearing assistance device, a request to determine if a feature
is supported by the hearing assistance device;

receiving, from the hearing assistance device, a response message identifying the feature as supported by the hearing assistance
device;

determining that the feature of the hearing assistance device is supported by the hearing assistance device application;
parsing the response message to identify a version of the feature supported by the hearing assistance device; and
based on the determination and response, configuring the hearing assistance device application to control the feature of the
hearing assistance device with the version of the feature identified in the response message.

US Pat. No. 9,167,356

ELECTROOCULOGRAM AS A CONTROL IN A HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICE

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method of operating hearing assistance devices worn by a wearer, the method comprising:
tracking eye movements of the wearer using a first sensor on or in a first hearing assistance device worn in a first ear of
the wearer;

tracking the eye movements using a second sensor on or in a second hearing assistance device worn in a second ear of the wearer;
using signals from the first and second sensors to obtain an electrooculogram (EOG) using wireless communication between the
first and second hearing assistance devices to combine the signals; and

adjusting at least one parameter of at least one of the first or second hearing assistance device using the EOG.

US Pat. No. 9,414,168

MAGNETOMETER IN HEARING AID

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing aid, comprising:
a microphone for converting an audio input into a first input signal;
telecoil for converting a time-varying electromagnetic field sensed by the telecoil into a second input signal;
a digital signal processor (DSP) for processing the first input signal, the second input signal, or a combination thereof
into an output signal in a manner that compensates for the patient's hearing deficit;

an audio amplifier and speaker for converting the output signal into an audio output;
a triaxial magnetometer for measuring a magnetic field produced by a magnet along three orthogonal axes and sending signals
corresponding thereto to the DSP;

wherein the DSP is configured to use the second input signal generated by the telecoil for producing the output signal when
a magnetic field above a specified threshold is measured by the triaxial magnetometer; and,

wherein the DSP is configured to detect the presence of objects in the environment of a wearer of the hearing aid that distort
the Earth's magnetic field as measured by the triaxial magnetometer.

US Pat. No. 9,264,826

THREE DIMENSIONAL SUBSTRATE FOR HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance device, comprising:
a three-dimensional folded substrate including contours configured to form internal housing surfaces of the hearing assistance
device, wherein the substrate included a plurality of slots and tabs configured to be engaged to add structural integrity
to the substrate and maintain the folded shape;

hearing assistance electronics mounted to a flat portion of the substrate; and
a moisture resistant seal for the substrate, the seal configured to limit moisture ingress into the device.

US Pat. No. 9,497,554

FLEX-BASED CONNECTOR FOR HEARING AID

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing aid, comprising:
a microphone for converting an audio input into an input signal;
a direct audio input (DAI) circuit for receiving a DAI signal;
a digital signal processor (DSP) for processing the input signal, the DAI signal, or a combination thereof into an output
signal in a manner that compensates for a patient's hearing deficit;

an audio amplifier and speaker for converting the output signal into an audio output;
a programming circuit for receiving programming signals to configure the DSP;
a socket for receiving a connector plug, wherein the connector plug has one or more plug pads that make contact with one or
more socket pads of the socket when the connector plug is inserted; and,

wherein the locations of the plug pads and the socket pads are such that the one or more plug pads are electrically connected
to the DAI circuit when the connector plug is inserted into the socket in a first orientation and such that one or more plug
pads are electrically connected to the programming circuit when the connector plug is inserted into the socket in a second
orientation.

US Pat. No. 9,219,964

HEARING ASSISTANCE SYSTEM WITH OWN VOICE DETECTION

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. An apparatus configured to be worn by a wearer having a left ear with a left ear canal and a right ear with a right ear
canal, comprising:
a left hearing assistance device and a right hearing assistance device communicatively coupled to each other, the left and
right hearing assistance devices each including:

a first microphone configured to produce a first microphone signal;
a second microphone configured to produce a second microphone signal; and
a voice detector,
wherein at least one of the voice detectors of the left and right hearing assistance devices is configured to detect a voice
of the wearer using the first and second microphone signals produced by the left hearing assistance device and the first and
second microphone signals produced by the right hearing assistance device.

US Pat. No. 9,215,534

SWITCHING STUCTURES FOR HEARING AID

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
an acoustic sensor;
a dual-purpose magnetic sensor;
an acoustic output system;
a signal processing circuit configured to process signals from the acoustic sensor input or the dual-purpose magnetic sensor
and to present processed signals to the output system; and

a switching circuit configured to, based on detection of a magnetic field of programmable strength, switch from using the
acoustic sensor as input to using the dual-purpose magnetic sensor as input, the switching circuit using the dual-purpose
magnetic sensor to detect the magnetic field.

US Pat. No. 9,060,235

PROGRAMMABLE INTERFACE FOR FITTING HEARING DEVICES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method for fitting a hearing assistance device comprising:
receiving values for an output related parameter and associated frequencies that define the output related parameter as a
function of frequency for the hearing assistance device;

receiving output values and associated input values to define output as a function of input for the hearing assistance device;
generating on a display a three-dimensional representation of the hearing assistance device in an auditory space defined by
the output related parameter, the frequency, and the input;

receiving data correlated to a user of the hearing assistance device, and generating a three-dimensional target in terms of
the output related parameter, the frequency, and the input;

presenting the three dimensional target on the same display as the three-dimensional representation of the hearing assistance
device;

providing a plurality of movable sliders representing parameters related to the output related parameter, the associated frequencies,
and the input such that changes to the three-dimensional representation are reflected in the sliders and changes to the sliders
are reflected in the three-dimensional representation; and

producing a set of parameters defining an auditory space of the hearing assistance device by adjustments to a three-dimensional
representation of the hearing assistance device to match at least some portion of the three-dimensional target or by adjustments
to the settings of the sliders and further wherein changes to the three-dimensional representation of the hearing assistance
device are reflected in settings of one or more sliders and wherein changes in the settings of the sliders are reflected in
the three-dimensional representation.

US Pat. No. 9,532,147

SYSTEM FOR DETECTION OF SPECIAL ENVIRONMENTS FOR HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method of operating a hearing assistance device worn on or about an ear of a user, the method comprising:
receiving a signal from a cellular telephone representative of a parameter sensed by the cellular telephone, wherein the parameter
includes combined information relating to location of the cellular telephone and acceleration of the cellular telephone;

identifying an acoustic environment about the hearing assistance device based on the received signal from the cellular telephone
in combination with audio information from the hearing assistance device using a signal processor and without using an output
from an accelerometer in the hearing assistance device for identifying the acoustic environment; and

adjusting an operational mode of the hearing assistance device using the signal processor based on the identified acoustic
environment.

US Pat. No. 10,117,203

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SYNCHRONIZING HEARING INSTRUMENTS VIA WIRELESS COMMUNICATION

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A system for communication between hearing instruments, comprising:a first hearing instrument configured to be a master device including:
a master clock;
a master synchronization circuit configured to generate master time stamps for specified master device events using the master clock; and
a master device radio circuit configured to transmit the master time stamps via a plurality of wireless link; and
a plurality of second hearing instruments each configured to be a slave device including:
a slave device radio circuit configured to receive the master time stamps via a wireless link of the plurality of wireless links;
a slave clock; and
a slave synchronization circuit configured to generate slave time stamps for specified slave device events using the slave clock, to calculate one or more offset parameters indicative of an offset between the master clock and the slave clock using the master time stamps and the slave time stamps, to compare the one or more offset parameters each to a specified offset threshold, and to adjust the slave clock for synchronizing the slave clock to the master clock using the one or more offset parameters in response to at least one offset parameter of the one or more offset parameters exceeding the corresponding specified offset threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,584,930

SOUND ENVIRONMENT CLASSIFICATION BY COORDINATED SENSING USING HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method for operating a first hearing assistance device using information from a second device, the method comprising:
determining a first classification of sound received by the first hearing assistance device;
receiving a second classification of sound received by the second device; and
determining consensus of the first classification and the second classification using an uncertainty value if the first and
second classifications are different to determine an operational classification for the first hearing assistance device,

wherein the second device is a mobile phone.

US Pat. No. 9,497,553

HEARING AID USING WIRELESS TEST MODES AS DIAGNOSTIC TOOL

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A system for managing wireless communication for a hearing aid, comprising:
a first device including a Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) wireless communication circuit configured to receive and transmit data
through a channel of a plurality of wireless communication channels using BLE wireless communication technology; and

a second device including a BLE tester configured to wirelessly communicate with the first device and test the BLE wireless
communication circuit according to a wireless test mode for analyzing multiple channels of the plurality of wireless communication
channels to produce at least one channel metric for each channel of the multiple channels in response to a test command associated
with the wireless test mode, the at least one channel metric for each channel indicative of quality of data transmission performed
using the BLE wireless communication circuit through that channel, the second device including an analysis initiator coupled
to the BLE tester and configured to generate the test command in response to a signal requesting a diagnostic analysis of
an environment of the wireless communication,

wherein at least one of the first device and the second device includes the hearing aid.

US Pat. No. 9,433,373

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MATHEMATICALLY CHARACTERIZING EAR CANAL GEOMETRY

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. An apparatus for mathematically modeling a person's ear canal, the apparatus comprising:
a housing including an aperture;
an ultrasonic transducer array located within at least a portion of the housing, the housing adapted to position the ultrasonic
transducer array on a person's skull outside of and surrounding a pinna, such that at least a portion of the pinna is within
the aperture;

electronics within the housing, the electronics adapted to control the transducer array to transmit ultrasonic energy at a
first frequency and receive ultrasonic energy at a second frequency, wherein the second frequency is different than the first
frequency, wherein the transducer array is configured for a frequency operating range dependent on a measured depth of the
ear canal, wherein the depth of the ear canal is measured at least in part using the ultrasonic transducer array; and

a processor within the housing, the processor configured to control each transducer in the transducer array and adapted to
mathematically characterize geometry of the ear canal using information from the ultrasonic transducer array obtained from
scans of the ear canal, wherein the mathematically characterized geometry of the ear canal is generated to create specifications
for producing a hearing aid shell customized for at least a portion of the ear canal.

US Pat. No. 9,426,586

LOW POWER INTERMITTENT MESSAGING FOR HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method for hearing assistance device communications between a transmitter having a first clock and a receiver having
a second clock, the method comprising:
synchronizing the first clock, having a first frequency drift, and the second clock, having a second frequency drift, at a
synchronization time;

determining a time interval between the synchronization time and a transmission time of a transmission, wherein the transmission
includes a packet;

calculating a drift window using an initial drift window and a potential drift amount between the first clock and the second
clock over the time interval including using a calculation of a number of sleep window intervals between the transmission
and a second transmission, wherein the initial drift window is a product of a sleep interval and clock accuracy; and

transmitting the transmission with the transmitter on a first channel, wherein the packet includes a packet length based on
the first frequency drift and the second frequency drift and a preamble having a preamble length less than or equal to a duration
of the drift window; and

retransmitting the transmission on a second channel when the receiver does not receive the packet on the first channel.

US Pat. No. 9,247,356

MUSIC PLAYER WATCH WITH HEARING AID REMOTE CONTROL

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A system, comprising:
a hearing aid comprising an input transducer for converting sound into a input signal, processing circuitry for filtering
and amplifying the input signal in accordance with specified signal processing parameters to produce an output signal, a radio
transceiver interfaced to the processing circuitry, and an output transducer for converting the output signal into sound;

wherein the processing circuitry of the hearing aid is configured to receive parameter sets that modify the operation of the
hearing aid via the radio transceiver and further configured to receive an audio signal via the wireless transceiver from
which an input signal is generated;

a remote device comprising processing circuitry interfaced to a user input device and interfaced to a radio transceiver, wherein
the processing circuitry is configured to transmit parameter sets and music to the hearing aid via the radio transceiver;
and,

wherein the remote device is equipped with an accelerometer interfaced to the processing circuitry and wherein the processing
circuitry is configured so that arm, hand, or wrist movements of a wearer of the remote device result in selected music being
transmitted to the hearing aid.

US Pat. No. 9,848,273

HEAD RELATED TRANSFER FUNCTION INDIVIDUALIZATION FOR HEARING DEVICE

STARKEY LABORATORIES, INC...

1. A system comprising:
at least one hearing device configured to be worn by a user, each hearing device comprising:
a signal source configured to provide an electrical signal representing a sound of a virtual source;
a filter configured to implement a head related transfer function (HRTF) to add spatialization cues associated with a virtual
location of the virtual source to the electrical signal and to output a filtered electrical signal that includes the spatialization
cues; and

a speaker configured to convert the filtered electrical signal into an acoustic sound and to play the acoustic sound to the
user of the hearing device;

motion tracking circuitry configured to track motion of the user as the user moves in a direction of a perceived location
that the user perceives to be the virtual location of the virtual source; and

HRTF individualization circuitry configured to determine a difference between the virtual location of the virtual source and
the perceived location in response to the motion of the user and to individualize the HRTF for the user based on the difference
by modifying one or both of a minimum phase component of the HRTF associated with vertical localization and an all-pass component
of the HRTF associated with horizontal localization.

US Pat. No. 9,571,948

LOW PROFILE OFFSET SPOUT FOR HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICE

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A low-profile hearing assistance spout device for a hearing assistance device including a microphone having a planar acoustic
microphone port, the spout device comprising:
a planar portion, the planar portion configured to mount adjacent the microphone with a planar surface forming an opening
in alignment with the planar acoustic microphone port of the hearing assistance device; and

a cylindrical spout portion connected to the planar portion, the cylindrical spout portion including an aperture that defines
a curved path for sound, the aperture offset from the planar portion surface so that the planar portion surface is approximately
coplanar with the center of the aperture, the cylindrical spout curved path in acoustic communication with the planar acoustic
microphone port to provide an acoustic pathway for sound received by the cylindrical spout portion to reach the microphone,
the cylindrical spout curved path forming a spout connection to the planar portion at an angle that is not perpendicular,
the aperture offset and spout connection to reduce ingress of unwanted materials that may reach the microphone.

US Pat. No. 9,479,878

ENHANCED COMFORT EARBUD

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. An earbud for insertion into an external ear canal, comprising:
a cylindrically shaped body having proximal and distal ends and having a cavity located at its distal end for receiving and
connecting to a hearing aid's receiver or audio tube;

a flange made of resilient material extending radially and distally from the circumference of the proximal end of the body
and terminating in a relatively more rigid retainer ring, wherein the circumference of the flange increases with longitudinal
distance from the proximal end of the body up to a maximum value at an apex and then decreases to the circumference of the
retainer ring;

wherein the longitudinal distance from the apex of the flange to the retainer ring is shorter than the longitudinal distance
from the apex of the flange to the proximal end of the body and further wherein the rate at which the circumference of the
flange decreases with respect to longitudinal distance from the apex of the flange to the retainer ring is greater than the
rate at which the circumference of the flange increases with respect to longitudinal distance from the proximal end of the
body to the apex of the flange; and,

an acoustic port located at the proximal end of the body for conducting sound produced by the hearing aid receiver into the
external ear canal.

US Pat. No. 9,510,111

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR A BINAURAL HEARING ASSISTANCE SYSTEM USING MONAURAL AUDIO SIGNALS

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. An apparatus for providing sound to first and second ears of a wearer using a wireless transmitter, comprising:
a pair of hearing assistance devices configured to receive radio signals including a monaural information signal from the
wireless transmitter, process the radio signals to produce a first monaural signal and a second monaural signal based on the
monaural information signal with a controllable interaural level difference between the first and second monaural signals,
and provide a first sound based on the first monaural signal to the first ear of the wearer and a second sound based on the
second monaural signal to the second ear of the wearer to provide binaural sound to the wearer.

US Pat. No. 9,124,994

SYSTEM FOR PROGRAMMING SPECIAL FUNCTION BUTTONS FOR HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICE APPLICATIONS

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A system for controlling a hearing assistance device, the system comprising:
a wireless remote control including a plurality of controls including a first programmable control; and
a hearing assistance device, configured to receive a wireless transmission including commands and information from the remote
control, the hearing assistance device including a second programmable control on a housing of the hearing assistance device;

wherein the second programmable control is configured to provide a programmable control function, wherein the control function
is programmable to switch between two or more of: microphone mode, device input mode, self diagnostic mode, record mode, and
pause/resume mode, and

wherein the second programmable control of the hearing assistance device includes a user operable control configured to be
programmed for the programmable control function using wireless communications from the wireless remote control.

US Pat. No. 10,034,105

ARTICLE WITH INTERNAL LIGHT SOURCE FOR FITTING IN-SITU AND RELATED DEVICES AND METHODS

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. An article comprising:a flexible sleeve;
a housing assembly fixed to the flexible sleeve, a distal portion of the housing assembly being surrounded by the flexible sleeve;
a light source disposed within the flexible sleeve; and
a photocurable resin contained within the flexible sleeve.

US Pat. No. 9,584,927

WIRELESS ENVIRONMENT INTERFERENCE DIAGNOSTIC HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICE SYSTEM

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method, comprising:
measuring a wireless interference level over wireless communication channels using a wireless programmer configured to communicate
with a hearing assistance device;

identifying a source of wireless interference, wherein
if the source of wireless interference is unknown, generating a log to send to customer support for diagnosis; andusing a graphical display in communication with the wireless programmer to assist a user to physically move the wireless programmer
or the hearing assistance device away from an identified source of the wireless interference to minimize the measured wireless
interference level.

US Pat. No. 10,034,102

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR REDUCING AMBIENT NOISE BASED ON ANNOYANCE PERCEPTION AND MODELING FOR HEARING-IMPAIRED LISTENERS

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method for improving noise cancellation for a wearer of a hearing assistance device having an adaptive filter, the method comprising:calculating an annoyance measure based on a residual signal in an ear of the wearer, the wearer's hearing loss, and the wearer's preference;
estimating a weighting function based on the annoyance measure and properties of the residual signal; and
incorporating the weighting function into a cost function for an update of the adaptive filter.

US Pat. No. 9,906,879

SOLDERLESS MODULE CONNECTOR FOR A HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICE ASSEMBLY

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method of assembling a hearing assistance device, the method comprising:
providing a structure including a laser-direct structuring (LDS) portion;
inserting a flexible universal circuit module (UCM) having exposed conductive surface traces along opposite sides of the circuit
module and elastomeric backing into the structure, the UCM configured for a replaceable connection and including electronics
for hearing assistance; and

electrically connecting the UCM to the LDS portion using direct compression without the use of wires or solder; and wherein
the LDS portion includes conductive pressure points that are configured to align with the exposed conductive traces, and wherein
the structure is configured to provide a compressive force on the UCM with flex.

US Pat. No. 9,055,378

MICROMACHINED ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCER SWITCH FOR HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance device for a wearer, comprising:
a housing configured to be worn in or about an ear of the wearer;
hearing assistance electronics within the housing;
a micromachined ultrasonic transducer array on or in the housing connected to the hearing assistance electronics, wherein
the micromachined ultrasonic transducer array includes more than two ultrasonic transducers, and wherein at least one of the
ultrasonic transducers is configured to turn the device on in response to placement of the device on or in the ear of the
wearer; and

a second sensor in the housing and configured to sense proximity or touch by the wearer.

US Pat. No. 9,363,613

ENVIRONMENTALLY SEALED HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICE

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method of manufacturing a hearing assistance device, the method comprising:
placing a first hearing assistance device electrical component into a first mold, wherein the first electrical component includes
a transducer;

inserting a first liquid polymer resin into the first mold;
curing the first polymer resin into a solid state to encase the first electrical component;
placing a second hearing assistance device electrical component into a second mold, the second mold not including the first
mold;

inserting a second liquid polymer resin into the second mold;
curing the second polymer resin into a solid state to encase the second electrical component; and
assembling the hearing assistance device using the first encased electrical component and the second encased electrical component.

US Pat. No. 9,554,217

COMPRESSOR ARCHITECTURE FOR AVOIDANCE OF CROSS-MODULATION IN REMOTE MICROPHONES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method for reducing the effect of hearing assistance device cross-modulation using a remote hearing assistance device,
the method comprising:
sending a plurality of remote frequency band gains to a remote hearing assistance device, the remote hearing assistance device
configured to decompose a remote audio signal into a plurality of remote frequency band signals and apply the plurality of
remote frequency band gains to the plurality of remote frequency band signals to generate a plurality of remote amplified
frequency bands, wherein the remote frequency band gains correspond to a remote noise environment and to a hearing loss profile
of a hearing assistance user;

receiving the plurality of remote amplified frequency bands at a local hearing assistance device associated with the hearing
assistance user; and

combining, using a signal adder, a plurality of local amplified frequency bands with the remote amplified frequency bands
to generate a combined amplified audio output signal.

US Pat. No. 9,615,183

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR TAGGING PATIENT SESSIONS FOR FITTING HEARING AIDS

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

16. A fitting system for fitting a hearing aid, the fitting system executing on a computer, the system comprising:
an input device for association of one or more word tags with a fitting session by a user of the fitting system during the
fitting session, the one or more word tags pre-populated with values for association with a fitting session parameter value,
wherein at least one of the tags includes one or more words of searchable text to describe an evaluation by the user of effectiveness
of the fitting session;

memory to store the one or more tags associated with the fitting session; and
a display of the one or more tags for the users of the fitting system,
wherein the computer is adapted to store and display the one or more tags.

US Pat. No. 9,906,873

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR IMPROVING SPEECH UNDERSTANDING IN A LARGE CROWD

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A system, comprising:
a central processing station that includes processing circuitry and wireless communication circuitry;
a plurality of hearing aids for wearing by a plurality of users, wherein each hearing aid includes an input transducer, an
output transducer, processing circuitry, and a wireless transceiver for communicating with the central processing station;

wherein the processing circuitries of the hearing aids and the central processing station are configured to operate in a cooperative
mode where: one of the hearing aids acts as a target hearing aid and another of the hearing aids acts as a source hearing
aid, the source hearing aid encodes and transmits audio signals generated by its input transducer to the central processing
station, the central processing station performs hearing loss compensation according to hearing loss parameters specified
for the target hearing aid on the received encoded audio signals and transmits the compensated signals to the target hearing
aid, and the target hearing aid decodes the compensated signals received from the central processing station; and,

wherein the target hearing aid is configured to process an audio signal generated by the target hearing aid's input transducer
with a hearing loss processor, sum the hearing loss processed signal with the decoded audio signal received from the central
processing station, and play back the summed signals through the target hearing aid's output transducer.

US Pat. No. 9,749,754

HEARING AIDS WITH ADAPTIVE BEAMFORMER RESPONSIVE TO OFF-AXIS SPEECH

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method for controlling directionality of sound reception in a hearing assistance system, comprising:
receiving sound signals including speech and noise using two or more microphones of the hearing assistance system;
determining a target direction using output of the two or more microphones;
controlling directionality of sound reception by cancelling the received sound signals that are not from the target direction;
producing an alternative signal by multiplying a rearward-looking cardioid signal with a coefficient and subtracting a signal
resulting from the multiplication from a forward-looking cardioid signal;

detecting off-axis speech from the received sound signals using the alternative signal, the off-axis speech being speech that
is not from the target direction; and

adjusting the directionality of sound reception by reducing the cancellation of the off-axis speech, while limiting a change
to the cancellation of the noise, in response to a detection of the off-axis speech.

US Pat. No. 9,641,942

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR HEARING ASSISTANCE IN MULTIPLE-TALKER SETTINGS

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method of operating a hearing assistance device for a user in an environment, the method comprising:
sensing parameters related to facing orientation of a talker of a plurality of talkers in communication with the user, location
of the talker, and talking activity of the talker within the environment using a sensor providing parameters to a processor
of the hearing assistance device;

synthesizing a directional marker signal based on the sensed parameters using the processor; and
using the directional marker signal to control processing of the hearing assistance device using a sound processing unit of
the hearing assistance device.

US Pat. No. 9,161,137

MIXING OF IN-THE-EAR MICROPHONE AND OUTSIDE-THE-EAR MICROPHONE SIGNALS TO ENHANCE SPATIAL PERCEPTION

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance device for playing processed sound inside a wearer's ear canal, comprising:
a first housing;
signal processing electronics disposed at least partially within the first housing;
a first microphone connected to the first housing, the first microphone configured to receive sound from outside the wearer's
ear canal when the hearing assistance device is worn and in use and produce a first signal;

a second microphone configured to receive sound from inside the wearer's ear canal when the hearing assistance device is worn
and in use and produce a second signal; and

microphone mixing electronics in communication with the signal processing electronics and in communication with the first
microphone and the second microphone, the microphone mixing electronics configured to combine low frequency information of
the first signal and high frequency information of the second signal to produce a composite audio signal.

US Pat. No. 9,883,298

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR COMMUNICATION BETWEEN HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICES IN A BLUETOOTH NETWORK

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A system including a master device and a plurality of slave devices, the system comprising:
a first hearing assistance device configured to be a first slave device of the plurality of slave devices, to perform wireless
communication with the master device using a Bluetooth protocol during one or more first time slots in a Bluetooth connection
interval, and to perform wireless communication with a second slave device of the plurality of slave devices during one or
more second time slots of the Bluetooth connection interval, the one or more second time slots non-overlapping with the one
or more first time slots.

US Pat. No. 9,774,961

HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICE EAR-TO-EAR COMMUNICATION USING AN INTERMEDIATE DEVICE

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method, comprising: configuring a first hearing assistance device in a first ear of a wearer to communicate with a second
hearing assistance device in a second ear of the wearer using wireless communication; sending a signal from the first hearing
assistance device to the second hearing assistance device that can be relayed by an external wireless communication device;
and if the signal has fallen below a programmable threshold, configuring the external wireless communication device to relay
communication between the first and second devices, wherein the programmable threshold includes an interference threshold,
a link margin threshold and a power capacity threshold and switching dynamically between direct communication and relay communication
to improve link quality, latency and power consumption.

US Pat. No. 9,639,342

UNOBTRUSIVE FIRMWARE UPDATES FOR HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method comprising:
executing a firmware update process on a computing device using a computer processor, the computing device executing an operating
system wherein the operating system requires elevated access privileges to install applications, the firmware update process:

requesting from a firmware update service, over a network, a latest firmware version number of a firmware of a hearing assistance
device;

receiving the latest firmware version number from the firmware update service;
determining that a firmware version of a firmware object stored in a file-system location in non-volatile local storage is
older than the latest firmware version number;

requesting from the firmware update service an updated firmware object with the latest firmware version number, the updated
firmware object providing instructions for performing operations on a hearing assistance device;

storing the updated firmware object in the file-system location in non-volatile local storage of the computing device, the
file-system location not requiring the firmware update process to obtain elevated user access permissions from the operating
system; and

subsequent to storing the updated firmware object:
establishing a connection with a hearing assistance device; and
determining that the hearing assistance device has a firmware version that is an older version than the latest firmware version
number, and in response, updating a firmware of the hearing assistance device with the updated firmware object.

US Pat. No. 9,451,371

ANTENNAS FOR HEARING AIDS

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing aid, comprising:
a microphone;
a signal processing unit configured to process sound received by the microphone to compensate for hearing impairment of a
wearer of the hearing aid;

a memory configured to store instructions for the signal processing unit;
a hybrid circuit including at least a portion of the signal processing unit or the memory;
a first substrate on a first side of the hybrid circuit;
a second substrate on a second side of the hybrid circuit, the second side opposite the first side; and
an antenna including a first number of turns of metallic trace on the first substrate and a second number of turns of metallic
trace on the second substrate.

US Pat. No. 9,424,843

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR SIGNAL SHARING TO IMPROVE SPEECH UNDERSTANDING

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A portable computing device for operation by a user, comprising:
processing circuitry for executing programmed instructions with a display and user input interfaced thereto;
a radio-frequency transceiver interfaced to the processing circuitry, wherein the processing circuitry is configured to transmit
and receive information-carrying signals to and from other portable devices;

wherein the processing circuitry is configured to receive audio signals from one or more microphones associated with the device,
referred to as associated microphones, via wired or wireless connections, including a hearing aid microphone of the user;

wherein the processing circuitry is programmed to operate in a signal sharing mode in a signal sharing group made up of one
or more other devices also operating in the signal sharing mode;

wherein the processing circuitry is further programmed to:
enter the signal sharing mode when access is granted to another device in response to a request to join a signal sharing group
received from that device or when a signal sharing request is transmitted to another device and an access grant is received
from that device;

receive one or more audio signals from an associated microphone or another device of the signal sharing group, select a received
audio signal and perform speech recognition processing on the selected audio signal to generate closed-captioning text corresponding
thereto, and transmit the closed-captioning text to the other devices of the signal sharing group;

receive closed-captioning texts from other devices of the signal sharing group;
display generated and received closed-captioning texts; and,
enable the user to temporarily disable viewing of the closed captioning texts from devices in the signal sharing group without
stopping the signal sharing mode when the user converses with an individual outside of the signal sharing group.

US Pat. No. 9,288,586

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SIGNAL RECEPTION USING DYNAMICALLY SELECTABLE MODES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing aid, comprising:
a plurality of demodulators configured to demodulate a signal transmitted to the hearing aid using one or both of an upper
sideband (USB) and a lower sideband (LSB), the plurality of demodulators including:

a double-sideband (DSB) demodulator configured to demodulate the signal transmitted using DSB; and
a single-sideband (SSB) demodulator configured to demodulate the signal transmitted using SSB; and
a performance analyzer configured to detect a performance parameter being a measure of quality of the signal transmission,
wherein the performance analyzer comprises a comparator configured to compare the detected performance parameter to one or
more specified performance thresholds; and

a mode switch configured to select a demodulator from the plurality of demodulators using an outcome of the comparison and
a power consumption associated with each demodulator of the plurality of demodulators.

US Pat. No. 9,191,755

SPATIAL ENHANCEMENT MODE FOR HEARING AIDS

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance system, comprising:
a first hearing aid comprising an input transducer for converting sound into a first input signal, processing circuitry for
filtering and amplifying the first input signal in accordance with specified signal processing parameters to produce a first
output signal, and an output transducer for converting the first output signal into sound for a first ear;

a second hearing aid comprising an input transducer for converting sound into a second input signal, processing circuitry
for filtering and amplifying the second input signal in accordance with specified signal processing parameters to produce
a second output signal, and an output transducer for converting the second output signal into sound for a second ear;

wherein the processing circuitries of the first and second hearing aids are configured to operate in a spatial enhancement
mode that de-correlates the first and second output signals, and

wherein the processing circuitries of the first and second hearing aids are configured to pseudo-randomly jitter the phases
of the first and second output signals in the spatial enhancement mode.

US Pat. No. 9,843,875

BINAURALLY COORDINATED FREQUENCY TRANSLATION IN HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method, comprising:
receiving an audio input signal at a first hearing assistance device for a wearer;
analyzing the audio input signal, identifying characteristics of the audio input signal, and calculating a first set of target
parameters for frequency lowered cues from the characteristics;

transmitting the first set of calculated target parameters from the first hearing assistance device to a second hearing assistance
device;

receiving a second set of calculated target parameters at the first hearing assistance device from the second hearing assistance
device;

deriving from the first set and the second set of calculated target parameters a third set of target parameters using a programmable
criteria, including using binaural smoothing over time on the first set and the second set of calculated target parameters
to prevent artifacts; and

generating frequency lowered auditory cues from the audio signal using the derived third set of target parameters, wherein
the derived third set of target parameters is used in both the first hearing assistance device and the second hearing assistance
device for binaurally coordinated frequency lowering.

US Pat. No. 9,820,063

HEARING AID WITH MAGNETOSTRICTIVE ELECTROACTIVE SENSOR

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing aid configured to receive a sound from an assistive listening device and deliver the sound to a wearer having
an ear canal, comprising:
a hearing aid circuit including a microphone, a receiver, and an audio processor coupled between the microphone and the receiver;
a magnetostrictive electroactive (ME) sensor configured to sense a sound magnetic field applied to the hearing aid by the
assistive listening device and generate a sound signal in response to the sound magnetic field being sensed, the sound magnetic
field being a magnetic field representing the sound, the sound signal being an electrical signal representing the sound; and

a sensor processing circuit coupled to the ME sensor, the sensor processing circuit including a sound processing circuit configured
to receive the sound signal from the ME sensor and process the sound signal for delivering the sound to the ear canal using
the receiver.

US Pat. No. 9,661,427

HEARING AID WITH INDUCTIVELY COUPLED ELECTROMAGNETIC RESONATOR ANTENNA

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing aid configured for performing wireless communication with another device, the hearing aid comprising:
a case;
a hearing aid circuit housed in the case, the hearing aid circuit configured to perform the wireless communication; and
an antenna including a primary element and one or more secondary elements, the primary antenna element wired to the hearing
aid circuit and configured to receive a signal from the hearing aid circuit and transmit the signal to the one or more secondary
elements, the one or more secondary antenna elements wirelessly coupled to the primary antenna element and including one or
more conductive loops configured to receive the signal from the primary antenna element and transmit the signal to the other
device.

US Pat. No. 9,635,471

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR NEW BATTERY IDENTIFICATION AND DERIVED BATTERY CAPACITY

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method for identifying a hearing aid battery state, the method comprising:
executing a boot sequence on a hearing aid;
detecting a plurality of battery voltage measurements during the boot sequence;
determining a boot signature voltage slope based on the plurality of battery voltage measurements; and
identifying the hearing aid battery state for a hearing aid battery based on the boot signature voltage slope.

US Pat. No. 9,124,990

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR HEARING ASSISTANCE IN MULTIPLE-TALKER SETTINGS

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method of operating a hearing assistance device for a user in an environment, the method comprising:
sensing parameters related to facing orientation of a talker of a plurality of talkers in communication with the user, location
of the talker, and talking activity of the talker within the environment using a sensor providing parameters to a processor
of the hearing assistance device;

estimating facing orientation of the talker, location of the talker, and talking activity of the talker based on the sensed
parameters using the processor; and

automatically adjusting a hearing assistance device parameter based on the estimated facing orientation of the talker, location
of the talker, and talking activity of the talker.

US Pat. No. 9,049,526

COMPACT PROGRAMMING BLOCK CONNECTOR FOR HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A module for a hearing assistance device adapted to be worn on or in an ear of a user, the module comprising:
a housing of the module configured to accommodate a microphone and a programming connector, the housing configured to provide
external electrical contacts to the microphone and the programming connector, the housing configured to be inserted into a
device housing of the hearing assistance device; and

a removable cover for the housing of the module, the cover and housing configured to define an opening when the cover is affixed
to the housing, the opening configured to receive a flexible programming tape, and wherein the programming connector is configured
to connect to the flexible programming tape using a flexible circuit that mates with the flexible programming tape when inserted
into the opening.

US Pat. No. 10,097,937

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR LOADING HEARING INSTRUMENT PARAMETERS

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing instrument, comprising:processing circuitry for processing an input signal from a microphone into an output signal for driving a speaker;
a wireless transceiver connected to the processing circuit;
an antenna connected to the wireless transceiver;
wherein the processing circuitry is configured to:
operate as a member of a binaural pair of hearing instruments on a first side of a patient using a first set of programming parameters or on a second side of the patient using a second set of programming parameters;
store programming information relating to the first and second sets of programming parameters, wherein the programming information includes a representation of the patient's audiogram on the first and second sides with each of the audiograms being represented by coefficients of a polynomial function; and,
when requested to do so by a second healing instrument, wirelessly transmit the stored programming information to the second hearing instrument.

US Pat. No. 9,942,668

HEARING AID USING WIRELESS TEST MODES AS DIAGNOSTIC TOOL

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

12. A method for communicating with a hearing aid, comprising:establishing communication between the hearing aid and a Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) tester via a wireless link using BLE wireless communication technology;
performing communication between the hearing aid and the BLE tester via each channel of a plurality of wireless communication channels of the wireless link;
initiating a test of the hearing aid using the BLE tester according to a wireless test mode; and
producing channel metrics using the BLE tester under the wireless test mode, the channel metrics each indicative of quality of data transmission performed through a channel of the plurality of wireless communication channels.

US Pat. No. 9,820,062

WAX RELIEF PATHWAY FOR HEARING AID SOUND INLET

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A housing for a hearing aid, comprising:
an earmold for containing electronic components of the hearing aid;
a faceplate attached to the earmold;
a sound inlet port on the faceplate that is continuous with a conduit that comprises a microphone inlet pathway that conveys
sound to a microphone and a wax relief pathway directed away from the microphone inlet pathway for accumulating wax;

wherein the wax relief pathway ends without communicating with a wearer's ear canal when the hearing aid is worn.

US Pat. No. 9,729,976

ACOUSTIC FEEDBACK EVENT MONITORING SYSTEM FOR HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance device configured to store information relating to acoustic feedback events of the hearing assistance
device, comprising:
a microphone to receive sound and convert it to an input signal;
a receiver to play output sound based on an output signal; and
a digital signal processor adapted to process the input signal and generate the output signal, the digital signal processor
adapted to perform a subband process to reduce acoustic feedback between the receiver and the microphone on a band-by-band
basis of at least some subbands of the subband process, the digital signal processor further adapted to store information
relating to the acoustic feedback events for one or more subbands of the at least some subbands over an extended period of
use of the hearing assistance device, and the digital signal processor is configured to store the information including an
indication of a magnitude of severity of a feedback event of the acoustic feedback events,

wherein the digital signal processor is configured to reduce acoustic feedback at least in part using subtraction of an acoustic
feedback estimate,

wherein the information is accessible for analysis to determine aspects of the acoustic feedback experienced by the hearing
assistance device over the extended period of use for the one or more subbands, the extended period of use including different
acoustic environments experienced by a wearer of the hearing assistance device during use of the heating assistance device,
and wherein the digital signal processor is configured to store information upon occurrence of a programmable event and to
disable storing information relating to the acoustic feedback events during power up of the device so that feedback due to
insertion of hearing assistance device into an ear is not stored.

US Pat. No. 9,661,425

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR RENDERING AUDIO IN WIRELESS HEARING INSTRUMENTS

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method for rendering audio in an audio system including an audio source device and an audio sink device wirelessly coupled
to the audio source device, the method comprising:
synchronizing a sample clock of the audio sink device to a sample clock of the audio source device using timing of packet
transmission from the audio source device to the audio sink device; and

maintaining the synchronization by driving an adjustable oscillator of the audio sink device based on time between arrivals
of packets transmitted from the audio source device to the audio sink device and a number of encoded words received in each
packet of the packets,

wherein the audio sink device includes a hearing assistance device.

US Pat. No. 10,003,379

WIRELESS COMMUNICATION WITH PROBING BANDWIDTH

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A system, comprising:a first device and a second device configured to communicate over a selected wireless communication channel selected from a band of channels or over a selected set of channels used in an adaptive frequency hopping scheme;
the first device configured to transmit a probe signal that has a plurality of frequencies contained within the band of channels;
the second device configured to receive the probe signal that has the plurality of frequencies within the band of channels, and then determine a signal strength of the received probe signal for each of a plurality of potential communication channels within the band of channels; and
the first and second devices configured to switch to another wireless communication channel or set of channels based at least in part on the signal strength of the probe signal for each of a plurality of potential wireless communication channels.

US Pat. No. 9,924,283

ENHANCED DYNAMICS PROCESSING OF STREAMING AUDIO BY SOURCE SEPARATION AND REMIXING

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A system, comprising:
at least one hearing assistance device adapted to receive a streaming input; and
an external device, including:
a processor configured to:
process an audio signal to isolate individual sound source components, including automatically isolating the components based
on individual sound source;

compress the individual sound source components; and
mix the compressed sound source components with the audio signal to produce a mixed audio signal; and
a wireless transmitter connected to the processor, the wireless transmitter configured to stream the mixed audio signal to
the at least one hearing assistance device.

US Pat. No. 9,743,199

PARALLEL ANTENNAS FOR STANDARD FIT HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance device, comprising:
a housing;
a power source;
a radio circuit within the housing and electrically connected to the power source;
an antenna having an aperture, wherein the radio circuit is at least substantially within the aperture, wherein the antenna
has two substantially parallel loops each conforming to an inside surface of an outer perimeter of opposite sides of the housing,
wherein an axis of each of the loops is orthogonal to an axis of symmetry of the hearing assistance device; and

a transmission line to electrically connect the antenna to the radio circuit.

US Pat. No. 9,712,926

HEARING ASSISTANCE SYSTEM WITH OWN VOICE DETECTION

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A first hearing device for detecting a voice of a wearer of the first hearing device and a second hearing device, each
hearing device having a plurality of microphones, the first hearing device comprising:
a voice detector comprising an adaptive filter configured to receive microphone signals from the plurality of microphones
of the hearing device and to produce first output information indicative of detection of the voice of the wearer by the first
hearing device, the voice detector further configured to receive second output information wirelessly from the second hearing
device that indicates detection of the voice of the wearer by another voice detector in the second hearing device using the
plurality of microphones of the second hearing device, wherein the voice detector is programmed to determine the wearer's
own voice based on the first output information and the second output information.

US Pat. No. 9,699,573

HEARING ASSISTANCE SYSTEM WITH OWN VOICE DETECTION

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing aid configured to be worn by a wearer having an ear with an ear canal, comprising:
a first microphone configured to produce a first microphone signal;
a second microphone configured to produce a second microphone signal;
a voice detector including an adaptive filter configured to model a relative transfer function between the first microphone
and the second microphone, the voice detector configured to analyze impulse response of the adaptive filter, detect a voice
of the wearer using an outcome of the analysis, and produce an indication of detection in response to the voice of the wearer
being detected;

a sound processor configured to produce an output signal using the first microphone signal, the second microphone signal,
and the indication of detection; and

a receiver configured to produce an audible signal using the output signal.

US Pat. No. 9,532,146

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR TESTING BINAURAL HEARING AID FUNCTION

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method for testing a pair of hearing aids worn by a wearer, comprising:
configuring the hearing aids to generate and play a dichotic sound in time synchronization for testing the binaural operation
of the hearing aids upon receipt of a command to start the testing, wherein the dichotic sound is repeatedly played to include
a progressively variable interaural time difference; and

programming at least one of the hearing aids to detect the command,
wherein the testing has a predetermined, programmable completion for the wearer to sense and indicate if the binaural operation
is detected during a time the dichotic sound is played.

US Pat. No. 9,473,859

SYSTEMS AND METHODS OF TELECOMMUNICATION FOR BILATERAL HEARING INSTRUMENTS

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method, comprising:
receiving a first signal from a first hearing assistance device, the first signal including an indication of noise and gain
of the first hearing assistance device and generated using information from a first microphone and a first vibration sensor
of the first hearing assistance device;

receiving a second signal from a second hearing assistance device, the second signal including an indication of noise and
gain of the second hearing assistance device and generated using information from a second microphone and a second vibration
sensor of the second hearing assistance device; and

processing the first signal and the second signal, including comparing own voice signals from the first and second hearing
assistance device and using the comparison to control processing of the first and second signals to produce an output signal
for use in telecommunication.

US Pat. No. 9,263,903

DETECTING AND SWITCHING BATTERY POLARITY IN A BATTERY CHARGER

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method, comprising:
grounding a first terminal of a battery inserted in a charger;
sensing a bipolar voltage from a second terminal of the battery;
converting the bipolar voltage to a reduced unipolar voltage for sensing by an input to a microcontroller and converted to
provide an indication of battery polarity;

controlling a switch state of a low resistance analog switch using an output from the microcontroller,
wherein the low resistance analog switch connects the battery to a charging circuit, and
wherein the switch state is controlled to present the proper battery polarity to the charging circuit based on the unipolar
voltage, and wherein the microcontroller is configured to use the unipolar voltage to determine if the battery has been removed
or if charging is completed; and

charging the battery using the charging circuit.

US Pat. No. 9,131,322

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR COMMUNICATION BETWEEN HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICES IN A BLUETOOTH NETWORK

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance system, comprising:
a host device including a master control circuit;
a plurality of hearing assistance devices each including a slave control circuit;
one or more first wireless communication links each configured to communicatively couple a hearing assistance device of the
plurality of hearing assistance devices to the host device using a Bluetooth protocol;

one or more second wireless communication links each configured to communicative couple a hearing assistance device of the
plurality of hearing assistance devices to another hearing assistance device of the plurality of hearing assistance devices;
and

a network control system including the master control circuit and the slave control circuits, the network control system configured
to assign one or more first time slots for the communication over each first link of the one or more first wireless communication
links within a Bluetooth connection interval and one or more second time slots for the communication over each second link
of the one or more second wireless communication links within the Bluetooth connection interval, the first and second time
slots non-overlapping in time.

US Pat. No. 9,900,839

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR USING TOKEN COUNT FOR MANAGING POWER CONSUMPTION IN A WIRELESS NETWORK

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method for wireless communications using an electronic device having a battery, comprising:
enabling a receiver to receive a first primary wireless transmission using an electronic device having a battery;
incrementing a token count when a first primary transmission is successfully received, wherein the token count is adapted
to limit discharge of the battery by limiting redundant transmission reception;

enabling the receiver to receive a second primary wireless transmission using the electronic device;
if a second primary transmission is not successfully received, using the token count to determine how many redundant transmissions
can be received by the device

receiving the redundant transmissions based on the determination; and
decrementing the token count after each reception of the redundant transmissions.

US Pat. No. 9,706,317

PACKET LOSS CONCEALMENT TECHNIQUES FOR PHONE-TO-HEARING-AID STREAMING

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method for packet loss concealment, comprising:
receiving a first frame of a wireless transmission at a hearing assistance device;
saving a history of received packets to a memory;
determining, at the hearing assistance device, that a second frame was not received within a predetermined time;
determining from the history a first set of sequential samples including a first portion that matches the first frame;
cross-fading the first frame and the first portion of the first set of sequential samples to create a first cross-faded frame,
and replacing the first frame with the first cross-faded frame; and

extrapolating a third frame to replace the second frame using a second portion of the first set of sequential samples and
an autoregressive model.

US Pat. No. 9,635,470

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MONITORING WIRELESS COMMUNICATION IN HEARING ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A system for monitoring short-range wireless communication including a channel map in a local hearing aid system including
one or more hearing aids, the monitoring system comprising;
a local device configured to be communicatively coupled to at least one of the one or more hearing aids, the local device
including a first processor and configured to collect information related to performance of the short-range wireless communication
with the at least one hearing aid;

a network; and
a second processor communicatively coupled to the local device through the network and configured to receive, store, and analyze
the information related to performance of the short-range wireless communication, wherein the information is used to select
a set of hop frequencies from the channel map.

US Pat. No. 9,516,431

SPATIAL ENHANCEMENT MODE FOR HEARING AIDS

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance system, comprising:
a first hearing aid comprising an input transducer for converting sound into a first input signal, processing circuitry for
filtering and amplifying the first input signal in accordance with specified signal processing parameters to produce a first
output signal, and an output transducer for converting the first output signal into sound for a first ear;

a second hearing aid comprising an input transducer for converting sound into a second input signal, processing circuitry
for filtering and amplifying the second input signal in accordance with specified signal processing parameters to produce
a second output signal, and an output transducer for converting the second output signal into sound for a second ear;

wherein the first and second hearing aids each further comprise a radio-frequency (RF) transceiver connected to their processing
circuitries for providing an RF link, wherein the RF transceivers are configured to communicate the first input signal to
the second hearing aid and communicate the second input signal to the first hearing aid;

wherein the processing circuitries of the first and second hearing aids, in a spatial enhancement mode, are configured to:
sum and subtract the first and second input signals to separate each of the first and second input signals into ambient and
nearfield signals, compress and amplify the ambient and nearfield signals, and recombine the compressed and amplified ambient
and nearfield signals with a weighted combination to produce the first and second output signals.

US Pat. No. 9,432,780

MULTI-MODE RADIO FOR HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing aid for a wearer having a hearing impairment, the hearing aid adapted to perform wireless communications, comprising:
one or more antennas;
a receiver comprising a multi-mode radio with frequency control adapted to provide near range and long range operation and
to select modulation techniques for transmission and reception, the receiver configured to perform antenna selection and adapted
to receive signals from the one or more antennas, wherein the multi-mode radio includes an inductive radio for the hearing
aid; and

a processor in communication with the multi-mode radio, the processor configured to process signals to correct for the hearing
impairment of the wearer and for receipt of information from the receiver, and configured to control frequency of operation
of the multi-mode radio.

US Pat. No. 9,420,387

LOW POWER INTERMITTENT MESSAGING FOR HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method for hearing assistance device communications between a transmitter having a first clock and a receiver having
a second clock, the method comprising:
synchronizing the first clock, having a first frequency drift, and the second clock, having a second frequency drift, at a
synchronization time;

determining a time interval between the synchronization time and a transmission time of a plurality of repeated transmissions,
wherein a first transmission of the plurality of transmissions transmits a packet having a packet length based on the first
frequency drift and the second frequency drift;

calculating a drift window using an initial drift window and a potential drift amount between the first clock and the second
clock over the time interval including using a calculation of a number of sleep window intervals between the first transmission
and a second transmission of the plurality of transmissions, wherein the initial drift window is a product of a sleep interval
and clock accuracy; and

transmitting the plurality of repeated transmissions with the transmitter, including transmitting the first transmission on
a first channel and retransmitting the first transmission on a second channel when the receiver does not receive the packet
on the first channel, each transmission having a preamble having a preamble length based on the drift window, the plurality
of transmissions having a duration of at least a wake interval.

US Pat. No. 9,084,064

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MANAGING WIRELESS COMMUNICATION LINKS FOR HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A system, comprising:
a first hearing assistance device configured to be worn by a person;
a second hearing assistance device configured to be worn by the person;
each of the first and second hearing assistance devices including a microphone, a receiver, and signal processing circuitry
connected to the microphone and the receiver, wherein each of the first and second hearing assistance device is battery-operated
and is configured with wireless communication capabilities and is configured to use the wireless communication capabilities
to wirelessly transmit audio data;

a link quality management device configured to:
assess link quality for a first wireless channel over which the first hearing assistance device transmits audio data and a
second wireless channel over which the second hearing assistance device transmits audio data, and

control, using the assessed link quality for the first wireless channel, wireless communication over the first wireless channel
with the first hearing assistance device and control, using the assessed link quality for the second wireless channel, wireless
communication over the second wireless channel with second hearing assistance device.

US Pat. No. 9,078,074

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR HEARING AID LOCATION

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing aid, comprising:
a microphone;
electronics in communication with the microphone;
a receiver in communication with the electronics and configured to selectively output sound; and
a physically manipulable member in communication with the electronics;
wherein the hearing aid is configured to:
output sound in a first mode at a first decibel level based on an input from the microphone;
output sound in a second mode at a second decibel level based on the physically manipulable member not having been manipulated
over a selected period of time, the second decibel level being higher than the first decibel level; and

wherein the second decibel level is selected to aid in determining a physical location of the hearing aid; and
a housing, wherein the physically manipulable member is a door in the housing that provides access to a compartment configured
to seat a battery.

US Pat. No. 9,924,277

HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICE WITH DYNAMIC COMPUTATIONAL RESOURCE ALLOCATION

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

13. A method for operating a hearing assistance device having a processing circuit including a plurality of functional modules,
the method comprising:
detecting one or more auditory condition values indicative of auditory conditions, the auditory conditions each related to
an amount of computation needed by one or more functional modules of the plurality of functional modules to each perform at
an acceptable level;

dynamically adjusting one or more calculation rates based on the one or more auditory condition values, the one or more calculation
rates each including a frequency at which a set of calculations is executed by a functional module of the plurality of functional
modules; and

processing an input signal to produce an output signal using the processing circuit.

US Pat. No. 9,807,523

HEARING AID ANTENNA WITH SYMMETRICAL PERFORMANCE

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance device comprising:
a housing adapted to be worn behind a user's ear, the housing having superior and inferior ends and lateral sides facing toward
and away from the user's head when worn by the user;

a wireless transceiver disposed within the housing;
an antenna connected at a feedpoint to the wireless transceiver;
wherein the antenna has a crossing section that traverses laterally from one lateral side of the housing to the other, a top
leg that is connected to one end of the crossing section that extends vertically toward the superior end of the housing, and
a bottom leg connected to the opposite end of the crossing section that extends vertically toward the inferior end of the
housing; and

wherein the top and bottom legs are routed on opposite lateral sides of the housing.

US Pat. No. 9,712,930

PACKET LOSS CONCEALMENT FOR BIDIRECTIONAL EAR-TO-EAR STREAMING

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance device comprising:
a transceiver programmed to receive an encoded packet stream from a second hearing assistance device; and
a processor connected to the transceiver, the processor configured to:
encode a locally acquired signal frame;
determine whether a packet was dropped in the encoded packet stream from the second hearing assistance device;
in response to determining that the packet was dropped, decode the encoded locally acquired signal frame; and
output an audio signal based on the decoded locally acquired signal frame,
wherein the locally acquired signal frame is received at a specified time corresponding to a time of the dropped packet in
the encoded packet stream.

US Pat. No. 9,712,932

USER INTERFACE CONTROL OF MULTIPLE PARAMETERS FOR A HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICE

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance device for a wearer, the device comprising:
a housing;
hearing assistance electronics housed in the housing;
a tinnitus therapy generator housed in the housing;
a user interface control on a surface of the housing connected to the electronics and the generator, the control configured
to sense input from the wearer and provide for selection of hearing assistance control or tinnitus therapy control, and the
control further configured to provide adjustment of a plurality of operational parameters for the electronics if hearing assistance
control is selected and adjustment of a plurality of operational parameters configured to control frequency shaping, pitch
and amplification for the generator if tinnitus therapy control is selected.

US Pat. No. 9,693,154

MODULAR CONNECTION ASSEMBLY FOR A HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICE

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. An apparatus for a hearing assistance device for a wearer having an ear canal, the apparatus comprising:
a housing configured to be placed in the ear canal;
a receiver disposed within the housing;
a faceplate on one side of the housing, the faceplate including a receptacle configured to receive a first connector connected
to a plurality of wires configured to connect at least the receiver to one or more hearing assistance device electronic components
outside of the housing and connected to at least one wire of the plurality of wires, wherein the first connector is configured
to be retained by a retainer door of the faceplate, the retainer door including a slot to guide the connector into a connection
orientation, wherein the first connector includes an injection molded circuit (IMC) connector including a two part plug and
connection pad, and wherein the first connector is configured to connect to a locking mechanism of the hearing assistance
device.

US Pat. No. 9,648,429

HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICE WITH IMPROVED MICROPHONE PROTECTION

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

7. A hearing assistance device, comprising:
a shell;
a microphone housed in the shell; and
a faceplate attached to the shell, the faceplate including:
a battery door including a microphone opening and an acoustic recess, the acoustic recess positioned to be visible when the
battery door is open and substantially invisible when the battery door is closed;

a battery contact configured to be an acoustic barrier and including a microphone port for the microphone; and
a nonlinear acoustic path between the microphone opening and the microphone, the acoustic path formed by the battery door
and the battery contact when the battery door is closed and including two approximately 90 degree turns to allow a sound to
enter through the microphone opening, make an approximately 90 degree turn to go through the acoustic access, and make another
approximately 90 degree turn at the microphone port to be received by the microphone.

US Pat. No. 9,641,944

METHOD OF TUNING CAPACITANCE FOR HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICE FLEX ANTENNA

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method of tuning a flexible antenna for a hearing assistance device; the method comprising:
placing a metallic trace on the flexible antenna of the hearing assistance device to provide a variable distributed capacitor
connected in parallel to one of a plurality of feed lines of the antenna, wherein the variable distributed capacitor includes
a bypass capacitor shunted from a radio supply pin to a ground plane;

using the metallic trace to bridge a gap between at least one of one of the plurality of feed lines; and
cutting a portion of the metallic trace to adjust size of the variable distributed capacitor for tuning the flexible antenna
for wireless hearing assistance device communication.

US Pat. No. 9,357,317

HEARING AID SYSTEMS

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method to be performed using a mobile device and a non-transitory application with executable instructions to be executed
by the mobile device, the method comprising:
receiving, using the mobile device and the application to be executed by the mobile device, digital transmissions through
a wireless cellular network; and

transmitting, using the mobile device including the application to be executed by the mobile device, digital audio through
a wireless short-range communication link to a hearing aid that is fitted to a hearing-impaired patient and that is configured
to be worn in or near an ear of the hearing-impaired patient, the hearing aid including:

a microphone to pick up sound and produce an audio signal;
a processing system capable of processing the audio signal from the microphone into a processed signal tailored to fit the
hearing-impaired patient and capable of processing the digital audio from the mobile device into the processed signal tailored
to fit the hearing-impaired patient; and

a speaker to convert the processed signal into an output audio signal and present the output audio signal to the hearing-impaired
patient,

wherein the mobile device is a digital cellular telephone, and the method further comprises using the digital telephone and
the application to be executed by the digital telephone to access an Internet connection through the wireless cellular network
and to communicate with a server through the cellular network and through the Internet connection.

US Pat. No. 9,264,824

INTEGRATION OF HEARING AIDS WITH SMART GLASSES TO IMPROVE INTELLIGIBILITY IN NOISE

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method comprising:
providing a graphical user interface in a user field of vision for a user to identify and select a speaker of interest from
a plurality of speakers;

recording a plurality of lip movement patterns of the speaker of interest;
generating voice activity detection data from the plurality of lip movement patterns;
recording voice audio data; and
generating noise-reduced voice audio data, wherein generating the noise-reduced voice audio data uses the voice activity detection
data to isolate voice audio within the recorded voice audio data corresponding to the speaker of interest.

US Pat. No. 9,179,227

ANTENNAS FOR STANDARD FIT HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance device, comprising:
a housing configured to be worn outside an ear of a wearer;
a power source;
a radio circuit within the housing and electrically connected to the power source;
a flex antenna configured to form an aperture, wherein the radio circuit is at least substantially within the aperture, and
wherein the flex antenna has at least a portion including a shape memory that tends to straighten the flex antenna from a
flexed position, and bias a portion of the flex antenna into contact with an interior surface of the housing; and

a transmission line to electrically connect the flex antenna to the radio circuit.

US Pat. No. 9,940,928

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR USING HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICE AS VOICE CONTROLLER

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A system for communication between one or more remotely controllable devices and a hearing aid configured to be worn by a wearer, the one or more remotely controllable devices including at least one of one or more home appliances or one or more automotive devices, the system comprising:a gateway device including:
a first communication circuit configured to receive a command signal from the hearing aid via a wireless communication link, the command signal representative of a voice command detected from the processed sounds by the hearing aid; and
a control signal generator configured to generate one or more control signals based on the voice command;
one or more automation controllers communicatively coupled to the gateway device and communicatively coupled to the one or more remotely controllable devices, the one or more automation controllers configured to receive the one or more control signals and control the one or more remotely controllable devices using the one or more control signals, the one or more automation controllers including at least one of a home automation controller or an automotive automation controller, the home automation controller configured to control the one or more home appliances, the automotive automation controller configured to control the one or more automotive devices; and
the hearing aid including:
one or more microphones configured to receive sounds and produce one or more microphone signals representative of the sounds;
an audio processor including a voice command detector configured to detect a voice command from the one or more microphone signals and produce the command signal representative of the voice command; and
a second communication circuit configured to transmit the command signal to the gateway device via the wireless communication link.

US Pat. No. 9,743,198

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICE ANTENNA

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a circuit module including an outer radial surface, the circuit module configured to provide electronics for a hearing assistance
device; and

a flex circuit loop antenna configured to be affixed to and conform to a portion of the outer radial surface, the antenna
configured for wireless communication for the hearing assistance device, wherein, after the antenna is affixed to the outer
radial surface, the circuit module is configured to be fitted into a plurality of different main hearing assistance device
chassis,

wherein the circuit module includes a t-shaped protrusion and the antenna includes an opening configured to align with and
receive the t-shaped protrusion to affix the antenna to the circuit module.

US Pat. No. 9,693,153

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SUPPRESSING TRANSIENT SOUNDS IN HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing aid for use by a listener, comprising:
a microphone;
a processing circuit configured to receive an input signal from the microphone, filter the input signal, rectify the filtered
input signal, generate an envelope of the rectified input signal, accumulate a difference between the rectified input signal
and the envelope, determine an applied gain based on the accumulated difference, and produce an output signal by applying
the applied gain to the input signal in frequency domain; and

a speaker configured to receive the output signal from the processing circuit and produce output sounds based on the output
signal, wherein the hearing aid is configured to be worn by the listener to compensate for hearing loss of the listener.

US Pat. No. 9,471,090

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SYNCHRONIZING HEARING INSTRUMENTS VIA WIRELESS COMMUNICATION

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance system, comprising: a first hearing instrument being a master device and including:
a master clock;
a master synchronization circuit configured to initiate a synchronization cycle and generate master time stamps for specified
events during the synchronization cycle using the master clock;

wherein the master synchronization circuit comprises a master stamping module configured to generate the master time stamps;
a master device radio circuit configured to transmit the master time stamps via a wireless link; and
a second hearing instrument being a slave device and including;
a slave device radio circuit configured to receive the master time stamps via the wireless link;
a slave clock; and
a slave synchronization circuit configured to generate slave time stamps for specified events during the synchronization cycle
using the slave clock and adjust the slave clock for synchronization with the master clock during the synchronization cycle
using the master time stamps and the slave time stamps, wherein the slave synchronization circuit comprises:

a slave stamping module configured to generate the slave time stamps;
an offset calculator configured to calculate one or more offset parameters indicative of offset between the master clock and
the slave clock using the master time stamps and the slave time stamps; and

a clock adjuster configured to adjust the slave clock for synchronizing the slave clock to the master clock using the one
or more offset parameters;

wherein the clock adjuster comprises:
a comparator configured to compare the one or more offset parameters each to a specified offset threshold; and
an adjuster configured to adjust the slave clock in response to at least one offset parameter of the one or more offset parameters
exceeding the corresponding specified offset threshold;

wherein the master device radio circuit and the slave device radio circuit are configured to transmit audio signals between
the first hearing instrument and the second hearing instrument via the wireless link.

US Pat. No. 9,264,822

SYSTEM FOR AUTOMATIC RECEPTION ENHANCEMENT OF HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. An apparatus, comprising a hearing assistance device, the hearing assistance device including:
a first microphone input configured to receive a first microphone signal with a first reception profile over a frequency range;
a second microphone input configured to receive a second microphone signal with a second reception profile over the frequency
range; and

a digital signal processor configured to include:
a compensation filter connected to the second microphone input and configured to output the second microphone signal with
a third reception profile which substantially matches the first reception profile;

a mixing module connected to the first microphone input to receive the first microphone signal with the first reception profile
and connected to compensation filter to receive the second microphone signal with the third reception profile, the mixing
module configured to provide a mixing ratio (?(k)), for the first microphone signal with the first reception profile and the
second microphone signal with the third reception profile based on relative signal strength and nature of the received signals;

a first multiplier configured to:
receive the first microphone signal with the first reception profile over the frequency range;
receive a first signal value of (1??(k)) from the mixing module; and
provide a first multiplier output;
a second multiplier configured to:
receive the second microphone signal with the third reception profile over the frequency range;
receive a second signal value of ?(k) from the mixing module; and
provide a second multiplier output; and
a summing stage connected to the first multiplier and the second multiplier, and configured to sum the first multiplier output
and the second multiplier output.

US Pat. No. 9,900,712

USER ADJUSTMENTS TO A TINNITUS THERAPY GENERATOR WITHIN A HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICE

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method of using a hearing assistance device having a first mode of operation for hearing aid processing and a second
mode of operation for tinnitus therapy, the method comprising:
displaying a user interface remote from the hearing assistance device for patient input to adjust settings of a tinnitus therapy
generator and hearing assistance electronics in real time in the hearing assistance device, wherein layout of the user interface
is customized based on initial settings programmed by a hearing professional, including a portion of the user interface selectable
by the patient to provide audio resulting from multiple alternate settings and to compare audio from the multiple settings
and select a favorite setting for each of the tinnitus therapy generator and hearing assistance electronics using a cursor,
the tinnitus therapy generator configured to transmit sound to the patient via a hearing assistance device receiver during
the second mode of operation, wherein the favorite setting is stored to memory in the hearing assistance device and stored
to memory in a programming device connected to the user interface;

receiving the patient input from the user interface using the hearing assistance device; and
using the patient input to adjust output level and frequency response of the sound transmitted by the hearing assistance device
receiver during the first mode of operation and the second mode of operation.

US Pat. No. 9,883,299

SYSTEM FOR USING MULTIPLE HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICE PROGRAMMERS

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method for communicating with programmers of hearing assistance devices, the method comprising:
executing fitting software on a computer;
automatically detecting the programmers using the fitting software and the computer;
automatically detecting hearing assistance devices connected to the programmers;
if hearing assistance devices are detected on more than one programmer, prompting a user to select a programmer compatible
with the fitting software from the more than one programmer;

if hearing assistance devices are detected on one programmer and if the computer is previously configured for automatic action
by a user, using the computer to automatically initiate fitting sessions for each of the detected hearing assistance devices
using the one programmer connected to and compatible with the detected hearing assistance devices; and

using a wireless data transmission to notify the fitting software of any programmers having no hearing assistance devices
detected.

US Pat. No. 9,794,701

GATEWAY FOR A WIRELESS HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICE

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method of using a hearing assistance device having a microphone and a processor and adapted to be worn by a wearer, the
method comprising:
receiving one or more messages and alerts;
processing the messages and alerts using the processor to obtain an output;
analyzing an acoustic input to the microphone using the processor to determine whether the acoustic input includes an alarm
indication or other alert; and

attenuating a wired or wireless audio stream input to the hearing assistance device configured to compensate for hearing losses
of the wearer to alert the wearer about the alarm indication or other alert, wherein the processor is further configured with
a learning mode to identify and analyze the alerts to determine when to attenuate the audio stream input, and wherein the
output includes information conveyed to the wearer regarding the messages and alerts.

US Pat. No. 9,756,435

DYNAMIC NEGOTIATION AND DISCOVERY OF HEARING AID FEATURES AND CAPABILITIES BY FITTING SOFTWARE TO PROVIDE FORWARD AND BACKWARD COMPATIBILITY

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method comprising:
transmitting, from a hearing assistance device application to a hearing assistance device, a request to determine if a hardware
capability is supported by the hearing assistance device;

receiving, from the hearing assistance device, a response message identifying the hardware capability as supported by the
hearing assistance device;

determining that the hardware capability of the hearing assistance device is supported by the hearing assistance device application;
and

based on the determination and response, configuring the hearing assistance device application to configure the hardware capability
of the hearing assistance device.

US Pat. No. 9,462,396

HEARING ASSISTANCE COPLANAR WAVEGUIDE

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance coplanar radio frequency (RF) waveguide comprising:
a first ground conductor disposed on a first side of a first dielectric;
a first RF waveguide conductor disposed on the first side of the first dielectric, wherein the first ground conductor and
the first RF waveguide conductor are separated by a first gap;

a second ground conductor disposed on the first side of the first dielectric, wherein the second ground conductor and the
first RF waveguide conductor are separated by a second gap;

a third ground conductor disposed on a second side of the first dielectric;
a second RF waveguide conductor disposed opposite from the first RF waveguide conductor on the second side of the first dielectric,
wherein the third ground conductor and the second RF waveguide conductor are separated by a third gap;

a fourth ground conductor disposed on the second side of the first dielectric, wherein the fourth ground conductor and the
second RF waveguide conductor are separated by a fourth gap; and

a second dielectric disposed on the first ground conductor, first RF waveguide conductor, and second ground conductor, wherein
the second dielectric extends into the first and second gap, and at least a portion of the second dielectric contacts at least
a portion of the first side of the first dielectric.

US Pat. No. 10,051,390

HEARING AID ADAPTED FOR EMBEDDED ELECTRONICS

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing aid comprising:a microphone;
a receiver;
hearing aid electronics coupled to the microphone and the receiver; and
conductive traces overlaying an insulator, the conductive traces provided using Molded Interconnect Device (MID) technology and configured to interconnect the hearing aid electronics and to follow non-planar contours of the insulator, wherein the insulator includes a hearing aid housing and wherein the hearing aid housing includes a plurality of internal cavities and the conductive traces include an inter-cavity trace configured to electrically interconnect hearing aid electronics disposed within at least two different cavities of the hearing aid housing.

US Pat. No. 9,980,061

WIRELESS ELECTRONIC DEVICE WITH ORIENTATION-BASED POWER CONTROL

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A companion microphone for a hearing aid, comprising:a microphone;
processing circuitry for producing an input signal from signals generated by the microphone;
a wireless radio transmitter for transmitting the input signal to a wireless receiver of the hearing aid;
an accelerometer;
a battery and power control circuitry; and,
wherein the processing circuitry is configured to adjust a radio transmission power level of the wireless transmitter in dependence upon signals generated by the accelerometer, wherein the radio transmission power level is reduced when accelerometer signals indicate that microphone is likely not in proximity to the user and the radio transmission power level is increased when accelerometer signals indicate the microphone is likely worn by the user.

US Pat. No. 9,900,710

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR OWN-VOICE SENSING IN A HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICE

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance device adapted to process sounds, including sounds from a wearer's mouth, comprising:
a hollow plastic housing adapted to be worn in an ear of the wearer; and
a differential electret microphone enclosed in a microphone enclosure located within the housing, the microphone enclosure
mounted to an interior surface of the housing and configured to amplify bone-conducted vibration in selected frequency regions
to improve speech intelligibility of sounds from the wearer's mouth, wherein the housing includes a portion configured to
resonate and enhance output of the differential electret microphone in the selected frequency regions.

US Pat. No. 9,854,369

WIRELESS SYSTEM FOR HEARING COMMUNICATION DEVICES PROVIDING WIRELESS STEREO RECEPTION MODES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A system for a wearer having a first ear and a second ear, the system configured for communications with a remote source,
the system comprising: a first hearing communication device adapted to receive audio wireless communications including audio
information from the remote source, wherein the audio wireless communications include a single channel carrying mono information
or first and second stereo channel information from the remote source, the first hearing communication device adapted to provide
the first stereo channel information or the mono information to the first ear, and configured to send wireless communications
including the mono or the second stereo channel information to a second hearing communication device, the second hearing communication
device adapted to provide the mono information or the second stereo channel information to the second ear, wherein the first
hearing communication device includes a near field transmitter adapted for a magnetically coupled link, and wherein the first
hearing communication device is configured to demodulate and decode stereo information and encode and relay communications
to the second hearing assistance device.

US Pat. No. 9,843,871

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CHANNEL SELECTION IN EAR-TO-EAR COMMUNICATION IN HEARING DEVICES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing system configured to be worn by a wearer having first and second ears, comprising:
first and second hearing devices configured to perform wireless communication with each other using a plurality of channels
when the first hearing device is worn in or about the first ear and the second hearing devices is worn in or about the second
ear, the first and second hearing devices each including:

a communication circuit configured to receive a signal transmitted from the other hearing device of the first and second hearing
devices using a specified channel selected from the plurality of channels, the signal carrying a packet including a channel
quality threshold being a minimum value of a quality parameter determined by the other hearing device for the specified channel;
and

a control circuit including a communication controller configured to measure the quality parameter for the specified channel,
calibrate another channel quality threshold for the specified channel for transmitting to the other hearing device, and determine
whether the specified channel is useable based on the measured value of the quality parameter and the channel quality threshold
included in the received packet.

US Pat. No. 9,635,475

HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICE WITH BALANCED FEED-LINE FOR ANTENNA

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method for wireless communication with a hearing aid, comprising:
providing a hearing aid with a parallel-loop antenna including an antenna conductor having loop portions and connecting portions
each connecting between the loop portions, the loop portions each having a loop plane, the connecting portions each having
a connecting plane approximately perpendicular to each of the loop planes;

providing the hearing aid with a communication circuit configured to perform the wireless communication using the antenna;
providing a feed-line including two branches each including an antenna pad for making connection to the antenna, a circuit
pad for making a connection to the communication circuit, and a feed-line conductor coupled between the antenna pad and the
circuit pad and having a plane; and

reducing capacitance resulting from crossover of conductors and reducing electrical imbalance associated with the feed-line,
by connecting the antenna to the communication circuit with major portions of the planes of the feed-line conductors each
approximately perpendicular to each of the loop planes of the antenna conductor and approximately perpendicular to each of
the connecting planes of the antenna conductor and with the major portions of the planes of the feed-line conductors centered
at a space between connection points between the antenna and the feed-line conductors.

US Pat. No. 9,485,591

MANAGING A HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICE VIA LOW ENERGY DIGITAL COMMUNICATIONS

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method of using a hearing assistance device, the method comprising:
providing selected characteristics and descriptors of the hearing assistance device compatible with a low energy digital communication
protocol, the selected characteristics and descriptors accessible to an external communication device;

accepting individual read/write cycles from an external communication device configured to use the low energy digital communication
protocol to read and update the characteristics and descriptors using an abstraction layer; and

configuring the hearing assistance device to compensate for a wearer's hearing loss based on the updated characteristics and
descriptors.

US Pat. No. 9,408,004

FLEX CONNECTOR FOR A HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICE

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A receiver module for a hearing aid, the hearing aid including a receptacle connector and circuitry electrically connected
to the receptacle connector, the receiver module comprising:
a receiver configured to transmit sound;
a receiver case housing the receiver; and
a flex tab connector coupled to the receiver case and electrically connected to the receiver, the flex tab connector configured
to detachably mate with and electrically connect to the receptacle connector to provide electrical connection between the
receiver and the circuitry and including a flex substrate and conductive contacts on the flex substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,142,747

THREE DIMENSIONAL SUBSTRATE FOR HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance device for a user, device comprisinga housing;
a battery disposed at least partially in the housing;
a substrate disposed at least partially in the housing, the substrate adapted to conform around the battery;
a flexible antenna configured to conform around a portion of the substrate;
hearing assistance electronics mounted to the substrate; and
spring loaded electrical contacts on the substrate, the contacts configured to mechanically engage and electrically connect to the flexible antenna.

US Pat. No. 9,992,588

ENHANCED COMFORT EARBUD

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. An earbud for insertion into an external ear canal, comprising:a cylindrically shaped body having proximal and distal ends and having a cavity located at its distal end for receiving and connecting to a hearing aid's receiver or audio tube;
a flange made of resilient material extending radially and distally from the circumference of the proximal end of the body and terminating in a relatively more rigid retainer ring, wherein the circumference of the flange increases with longitudinal distance from the proximal end of the body up to a maximum value at an apex and then decreases to the circumference of the retainer ring;
wherein the rate at which the circumference of the flange decreases with respect to longitudinal distance from the apex of the flange to the retainer ring is greater than the rate at which the circumference of the flange increases with respect to longitudinal distance from the proximal end of the body to the apex of the flange; and,
an acoustic port located at the proximal end of the body for conducting sound produced by the hearing aid receiver into the external ear canal.

US Pat. No. 9,980,063

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR INTEGRATING A LIVING-HINGE IN A HEARING INSTRUMENT

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance device, comprising: a housing; a microphone within the housing; hearing assistance electronics within the housing configured to provide audio processing to signals received by the microphone; and a plastic living hinge cover for a momentary multi-function switch integrated with the housing, the plastic living hinge cover integrated with a battery drawer of the hearing assistance device, and configured to improve tactile feel, and including an overlap joint boundary to improve robustness to debris ingress, wherein the plastic living hinge cover includes a snap feature to attach the cover to the housing, a switch bezel configured to include the overlap joint boundary with a perimeter ridge of the housing, wherein the snap feature is configured to interfere with the perimeter ridge to prevent rattling and inhibit debris ingress and provide more consistent gaps in the housing.

US Pat. No. 9,980,065

BALL AND SOCKET CONNECTION WITH AN ACOUSTIC SEAL AND MOUNTING INTERFACE FOR A HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICE

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A receiver housing configured to house a hearing device receiver, the receiver housing comprising:a spherical receiver spout including an opening configured to mate and form a ball and socket connection with a spherical socket of an interface to a hearing device, the spherical socket including a removable solid insert recessed within the socket, a lip of the insert configured to establish a retained interference fit with a lip of the opening of the receiver spout when the connection is formed so as to create an acoustic seal therebetween.

US Pat. No. 9,967,683

MULTI-MODE RADIO FOR HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance device, the hearing assistance device configured to perform wireless communications, the hearing assistance device comprising:a first antenna configured for short range communication, including ear-to-ear communication and ear to body worn devices;
a second antenna configured for long range off-body communication;
a transceiver comprising a multi-mode radio configured to provide near range operation using the first antenna and long range operation using the second antenna, the transceiver configured to perform antenna selection and to perform transmission and reception using different modulation techniques, and adapted to transmit and receive signals from the first antenna and the second antenna; and
a processor of the hearing assistance device in communication with the multi-mode radio for transmission and reception of information from the transceiver, the processor configured to control operation of the multi-mode radio.

US Pat. No. 9,894,446

CUSTOMIZATION OF ADAPTIVE DIRECTIONALITY FOR HEARING AIDS USING A PORTABLE DEVICE

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method for operating a set of one or more hearing assistance devices configured to be worn by a wearer, the method comprising:
receiving acoustic signals using microphones;
receiving a directionality customization signal indicative of one or more wearer-indicated locations each including a signal
location or a noise location, the signal location being a location of a source of a sound of interest, the noise location
being a location of a source of noise;

processing the acoustic signals to produce one or more output audio signals, the processing including controlling a directionality
of the microphones using the directionality customization signal; and

transmitting the one or more output audio signals to the wearer using one or more receivers.

US Pat. No. 9,875,754

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PRE-PROCESSING SPEECH TO MAINTAIN SPEECH INTELLIGIBILITY

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. An audio system, comprising:
a speech input configured to receive a speech signal including speech;
an environmental sound input configured to receive an environmental sound signal representing sounds in a listening environment;
a processing circuit configured to produce an output signalspeci by processing the speech signal and the environmental sound
signal, the processing circuit including:

a speech filter configured to filter the speech signal by applying gains as a function of frequency to the speech signal;
and

a gain computer configured to compute the gains using the received speech signal and the received environmental sound signal
to maintain a speech intelligibility index (SII) at a target value while minimizing a total energy of the speech at all frequencies,
the target value set to a constant value; and

a speaker configured to produce an output sound using the output signal.

US Pat. No. 9,736,583

AUDIO PROCESSING COMPRESSION SYSTEM USING LEVEL-DEPENDENT CHANNELS

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

10. A method of operating a hearing assistance device, the method comprising:
converting time domain input signals into a plurality of subband signals;
processing the plurality of subband signals, including:
applying nonlinear gain to the plurality of subband versions of the input signals; and
adding a weighted power of a subband signal to at least one other weighted subband signal in an adjacent subband using a level-dependent
compression module to provide a final instantaneous-power estimate, and converting the processed plurality of subband signals
to time domain signals; and

filtering the time domain signals using a filter.

US Pat. No. 9,699,572

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SUPPRESSING TRANSIENT SOUNDS IN HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance device for use by a listener having an ear canal, comprising:
a microphone configured to receive input sounds and produce an input signal representing the input sounds;
a speaker configured to receive an output signal and produce output sounds based on the output signal; and
a processing circuit coupled between the microphone and the speaker, the processing circuit configured to process the input
signal to produce the output signal and including:

a rectifier configured to rectify the input signal;
a threshold envelope generator configured to generate a threshold signal being an envelope of the rectified input signal;
an accumulator configured to produce an accumulator value by accumulating a difference between an amplitude of the rectified
input signal and an amplitude of the threshold signal;

a normalizer configured to normalize the accumulator value using the rectified input signal;
a gain calculator configured to determine an applied gain using the normalized accumulator value; and
an amplifier configured to produce the output signal by applying the applied gain to the input signal.

US Pat. No. 9,543,778

DEVICE FOR RECHARGING HEARING AID BATTERIES USING USB DONGLE

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A battery recharger system, comprising:
a spare battery recharger, the battery recharger including circuitry to recharge one or more individual spare rechargeable
battery cells for a hearing assistance device, the battery recharger including:

a housing configured to receive the one or more individual uninstalled rechargeable battery cells, the housing configured
to cover the one or more individual spare rechargeable battery cells received in the housing; and

a male USB connector configured for direct connection with a female power supply USB connector to receive power;
a hearing assistance device recharger, separable from the spare battery recharger, comprising:
a power connector to receive power;
a female USB connector adapted to dock with the male USB connector and provide power to the spare battery recharger;
a transmit coil configured to transmit power across a wireless inductive link;
a device compartment configured to receive at least one hearing assistance device, the at least one hearing assistance device
comprising:

an installed rechargeable battery interchangeable with the one or more individual spare rechargeable battery cells;
a recharge coil configured to receive power across the wireless inductive link; and
charging circuitry configured to control power received by the recharge coil to recharge the installed rechargeable battery.

US Pat. No. 9,516,432

ANTENNA USED IN CONJUNCTION WITH THE CONDUCTORS FOR AN AUDIO TRANSDUCER

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method, comprising:
using a cable assembly to connect hearing assistance electronics in a first housing to an acoustic transducer in a second
housing, the acoustic transducer configured to emit or receive sounds, the cable assembly including a first electrical conductor
configured to transmit signals between the hearing assistance electronics and the acoustic transducer and a second dedicated
electrical conductor configured to form an antenna for wireless communication, the antenna connected to a wireless communication
transceiver and configured to connect to a tuning component included in a connector of the antenna.

US Pat. No. 9,338,563

BINAURALLY COORDINATED COMPRESSION SYSTEM

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance system for use by a listener, comprising:
a first microphone configured to produce a first signal;
a first receiver configured to transmit a first sound to the listener;
a second microphone configured to produce a second signal;
a second receiver configured to transmit a second sound to the listener;
control circuitry configured to produce the first sound and the second sound by processing the first signal using a first
gain and processing the second signal using a second gain, the processing circuit configured to:

measure a first signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the first signal and a second SNR of the second signal;
determine a first gain value for the first gain and a second gain value for the second gain independently when a minimum of
the first SNR and the second SNR exceeds a threshold SNR; and

determine a common gain value for the first gain and the second gain when the minimum of the first SNR and the second SNR
does not exceed the threshold SNR.

US Pat. No. 9,913,052

SOLDERLESS HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICE ASSEMBLY AND METHOD

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method of manufacturing a hearing assistance device, the method comprising:
providing a molded interconnect device (MID) housing using laser-direct structuring (LDS), wherein the MID housing includes
a thermoplastic shell including plastic fingers with integrated circuit traces configured to receive a flexible circuit module;

inserting the flexible circuit module having conductive surface traces into the MID housing, the flexible circuit module configured
for a replaceable connection and including electronics for hearing assistance; and

connecting the flexible circuit module to the MID housing using direct compression of the integrated circuit traces to the
conductive circuit traces without the use of wires or solder; and wherein using a retention band includes using a heat shrink
band of irradiated polymer to secure the flexible circuit module to the plastic fingers, and heat is applied to provide compression.

US Pat. No. 9,877,115

DYNAMIC RELATIVE TRANSFER FUNCTION ESTIMATION USING STRUCTURED SPARSE BAYESIAN LEARNING

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing device for processing signals, the system comprising:
a first transducer to transduce a first audio source into a first signal;
a second transducer to transduce a first audio source into a second signal; and
a processor configured to execute instructions to:
determine an estimated Relative Transfer Function (RTF) based on the first signal and the second signal using a hierarchical
Bayesian framework;

determine a target signal based on the estimated RTF; and
generate a noise reference signal based on the first signal, the second signal, and a cancellation of the target signal.

US Pat. No. 9,763,016

AUTOMATIC DIRECTIONAL SWITCHING ALGORITHM FOR HEARING AIDS

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing aid, comprising:
an input transducer for converting an audio input into an input signal, wherein the input transducer may be operated in either
an omnidirectional or directional mode;

a digital signal processor (DSP) for processing the input signal into an output signal in a manner that compensates for a
patient's hearing deficit;

an audio amplifier and speaker for converting the output signal into an audio output;
wherein the DSP is configured to:
extract a plurality of frequency components of the input signal in a specified frequency range either in the frequency domain
using a Fourier transform or in the time domain using a filter bank;

compute the powers of the extracted frequency components and sum the computed powers to result in an input power signal;
compute an estimated noise floor as the minimum value of the input power signal over a specified time period;
equate a current noise floor to the estimated noise floor at the end of a time interval of specified duration unless the estimated
noise floor during the time interval is less than the current noise floor in which case the current noise floor is equated
to the estimated noise floor before the end of the time interval;

operate the input transducer in a directional mode if the current noise floor is greater than a specified upper threshold
value; and,

operate the input transducer in an omnidirectional mode if the current noise floor is less than a specified lower threshold
value.

US Pat. No. 10,021,493

SUSPENSION ASSEMBLY FOR HEARING AID RECEIVER

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing aid, comprising:a receiver for converting an electrical signal into an audio output;
a receiver can for containing the receiver, wherein the receiver can has top and bottom ends with the top end being open;
a spout at the top end of the receiver for conducting sound out of the receiver;
a cover assembly for covering the open top end of the receiver can and for containing the receiver's spout when the receiver is mounted within the receiver can;
wherein the cover assembly is mated to an audio tube for conducting sound from the receiver's spout; and,
a spout suspension seal that surrounds the spout within the cover assembly and that has a wrap-around tip extending over the end of the spout.

US Pat. No. 9,794,697

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MANAGING WIRELESS COMMUNICATION LINKS FOR HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A system, comprising:
a plurality of devices adapted to wirelessly communicate with each other, wherein the plurality of devices includes a battery-operated
hearing assistance device adapted to be worn by a person, the hearing assistance device including a signal processing circuitry
connected to a microphone and a receiver;

at least one of the plurality of devices including a link quality management device adapted to assess a link quality for a
first wireless communication channel, provide channel metrics indicative of the assessed quality for the first wireless communication
channel, and adjust wireless communication over the first wireless communication channel using the channel metrics for the
first wireless communication channel,

wherein the link quality management device is adapted to assess a signal-to-noise ratio for the first wireless channel and
provide channel metrics indicative of the assessed signal-to-noise ratio, and is adapted to adjust power to communicate over
the first wireless communication channel using the channel metrics for the first wireless communication channel including
adjusting transmission power from the battery-operated hearing assistance device to transmit near a noise floor to conserve
energy, and link quality management device is adapted to dynamically adjust a receive signal strength indicator (RSSI) threshold
near the noise floor for the first wireless communication channel using the channel metrics for the first wireless communication
channel, wherein the RSSI threshold is set during periods of non-packet activity on the channel, and wherein the at least
one of the plurality of devices includes a packet receive statement machine that uses the dynamically adjusted threshold near
the noise floor to determine the start of a packet transmission during wireless communications.

US Pat. No. 9,986,347

RADIO FREQUENCY MEMS DEVICES FOR IMPROVED WIRELESS PERFORMANCE FOR HEARING ASSISTANCE DEVICES

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing assistance device configured to be worn by a wearer, comprising:a microphone;
a housing for the microphone and electronics of the hearing assistance device, including wireless electronics, the wireless electronics including a plurality of radio frequency (RF) MEMS switches, wherein at least one of the plurality of RF MEMS switches includes an impedance matching element;
a hearing assistance processor adapted to process signals from the microphone for the wearer of the hearing assistance device;
an antenna; and
a switchable capacitor bank configured for tuning the antenna, the switchable capacitor bank including one or more of the plurality of RF MEMS switches configured for tuning by adjusting voltage applied to the one or more switches.

US Pat. No. 10,547,957

HEARING AID ANTENNA FOR HIGH-FREQUENCY DATA COMMUNICATION

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A hearing aid comprising:a housing configured to fit inside an ear canal;
an antenna within the housing, the antenna comprising:
a first segment configured to fit inside the housing and to be within the ear canal when the hearing aid is inserted into an ear of a wearer; and
a second segment configured to be within the housing and disposed near a side of the housing facing toward an outside of the ear canal when the hearing aid is inserted into the ear of the wearer,
wherein the first segment is shorter than the second segment,
wherein the second segment is within a first environment having a first dielectric constant when the hearing aid is inserted in the ear of the wearer, and the first segment is within a second environment having a second dielectric constant that is substantially greater than the first dielectric constant when the hearing aid is inserted in the ear of the wearer, and
wherein the antenna is tuned to transmit and receive signals having a frequency equal to or greater than 2.4 GHz; and
circuitry, within the housing, coupled to the antenna and configured to transmit the signals to the antenna and receive the signals from the antenna.

US Pat. No. 10,149,073

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR HEARING ASSISTANCE RF MULTI-BAND OPERATION

Starkey Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method for multi-band operation in a hearing assistance device, the method comprising:detecting, in a hearing assistance device, a degraded performance of a first communication link, the first communication link being used as a current communication link to conduct wireless communication, the first communication link having an associated first communication link quality, the first communication link associated with a first radio frequency (RF) band; and
in response to detecting the degraded performance:
identifying a second RF band communication link from among a plurality of RF band communication links available for use by the hearing assistance device, the second communication link having an associated second communication link quality;
comparing the second communication link quality to the first communication link quality;
determining, based on the comparison between the second communication link quality and the first communication link quality, that the second communication link quality is higher than the first communication link fatality; and
selecting the second communication link as the current communication link to conduct wireless communication by the hearing assistance device in response to the determination that the second communication link quality is higher than the first communication link quality.