US Pat. No. 9,241,672

DETERMINING USABILITY OF AN ACOUSTIC SIGNAL FOR PHYSIOLOGICAL MONITORING USING FREQUENCY ANALYSIS

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. An acoustic physiological monitoring method, comprising the steps of:
detecting by a physiological monitoring system, using a sound transducer, body sounds;
generating by the system an acoustic signal expressing the body sounds;
filtering by the system a time segment of the signal into a target portion in a target frequency band and at least one non-target
portion in at least one non-target frequency band;

computing by the system an energy of the target portion;
computing by the system an energy of the non-target portion;
computing by the system a plurality of usability indicators for the time segment by applying a plurality of different rules
based at least in part on the energy of the target portion and the energy of the non-target portion, each of the usability
indicators providing a separate indication of whether the time segment is clear or mixed;

determining by the system a usability of the time segment including assigning to the time segment a probability greater than
zero and less than one that the time segment is usable based at least in part on the usability indicators and one or more
probabilities that one or more neighboring time segments is usable;

selectively calculating by the system a physiological parameter estimate using the time segment based at least in part on
the usability of the time segment; and

outputting by the system information based at least in part on the physiological parameter estimate.

US Pat. No. 9,967,863

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR UPLINK CONTROL INFORMATION REPORTING WITH LICENSE-ASSISTED ACCESS (LAA) UPLINK TRANSMISSIONS

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A user equipment (UE) comprising:a processor; and
memory in electronic communication with the processor, wherein instructions stored in the memory are executable to:
configure with a secondary cell group (SCG);
configure with a licensed-assisted access (LAA) serving cell as a primary secondary cell (pSCell) of the SCG;
receive a physical downlink shared channel (PDSCH) on at least one LAA serving cell in the SCG;
determine a channel to carry uplink control information (UCI), the channel being on a serving cell in the SCG;
determine transmission timing of the channel based on reception timing of the received PDSCH, wherein the transmission timing comprises a starting subframe and an allowed UCI transmission range when an LAA is used for UCI reporting;
determine one or more PDSCHs of which hybrid automatic repeat request acknowledgment (HARQ-ACK) bits are included in the UCI, the one or more PDSCHs including the received PDSCH;
determine content of the HARQ-ACK bits; and
perform a channel access procedure for transmission of the channel.

US Pat. No. 9,076,229

JAGGED EDGE REDUCTION USING KERNEL REGRESSION

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method comprising:
determining, by an image processing system, directional gradients corresponding to pixels in an image;
generating, by the image processing system, a linear predictor and a quadratic predictor from the directional gradients;
generating, by the image processing system, coherence values based on pixel variances in the image;
modifying, by the image processing system, the pixels in the image with kernel regression utilizing the linear predictor and
the quadratic predictor and the coherence values to adjust a size of a kernel.

US Pat. No. 9,622,322

TASK LIGHT BASED SYSTEM AND GESTURE CONTROL

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for modifying the illumination of a lighting system comprising:
(a) sensing a set of images using an image capture device focused on a region of interest in the vicinity of a viewer and
showing a computer device;

(b) discriminating a semantic meaning of said viewer's task between (1) at least one of reading and writing in said region
of interest and (2) using a keyboard of said computer, based on a detection of a location of a hand of said viewer relative
to said computer device;

(c) selectively modifying said illumination in a different manner, in response to said discriminating said semantic meaning
of said task of said viewer as one of (1) said at least one of reading and writing in said region of interest, and (2) said
using said keyboard of said computer.

US Pat. No. 9,208,539

IMAGE ENHANCEMENT USING SEMANTIC COMPONENTS

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for determining a high resolution output image comprising:
(a) receiving a low resolution image having a first resolution;
(b) determining a first intermediate high resolution image having a second resolution based upon said low resolution image,
where the second resolution is greater than the first resolution;

(c) determining a second intermediate high resolution image having a third resolution based upon said low resolution image,
where said third resolution is greater than said first resolution;

(d) detecting semantic features of said second intermediate high resolution image and selecting corresponding semantic components
from a database based upon said detected semantic features;

(e) modifying said first intermediate high resolution image based upon information from said corresponding semantic components
to determine said high resolution output image having a fourth resolution, where the fourth resolution is greater than the
first resolution.

US Pat. No. 9,112,891

REMOTE FIRMWARE MANAGEMENT FOR ELECTRONIC DEVICES

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for firmware updating for a plurality of electronic devices each connected on a user intranet behind a firewall,
each of the plurality of electronic devices including firmware stored on device memory, the method comprising:
maintaining a management gateway connected on the intranet behind a firewall and to the Internet through the firewall, the
management gateway configured to control all firmware update activity for each of said plurality of electronic devices;

maintaining an electronically accessible firmware repository for storing firmware updates, including firmware updates for
said plurality of electronic devices;

accessing the management gateway to establish a firmware update activity schedule for each of said plurality of electronic
devices, said firmware update activity schedule including a location of firmware in the firmware repository, and a time schedule
for conducting the firmware update activity;

conducting a firmware update activity for each of said plurality of electronic devices in accordance with said time schedule;
monitoring said firmware activity by the management gateway to determine whether the firmware update activity results in a
successful firmware update for each of said plurality of electronic devices; and

wherein said accessing the management gateway comprises receiving authorized electronic instructions at the management gateway
through the firewall from a remote management console connected to the Internet at a remote site outside the firewall regarding
updating the firmware of the plurality of electronic devices, and further comprising limiting access of the remote management
console to only the management gateway while preventing access to the plurality of electronic devices and other devices installed
on the network behind the firewall.

US Pat. No. 9,081,043

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CALCULATING POWER USING CONTACTLESS VOLTAGE WAVEFORM SHAPE SENSOR

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for calculating power using a voltage waveform shape measurement from a contactless sensor, the method comprising:
providing an electrically conductive medium carrying alternating electrical current (AC), associated with an AC voltage, from
a source node to a destination node;

measuring the AC current through the electrically conductive medium;
using a contactless sensor not directly connected to the electrically conductive medium, measuring an AC voltage waveform
shape; and,

using a calculator, calculating power usage at the destination node in response to the AC current measurement, the measurement
of the AC voltage waveform shape, and an AC voltage potential.

US Pat. No. 9,076,058

METHODS, SYSTEMS AND APPARATUS FOR DETERMINING ORIENTATION IN A DOCUMENT IMAGE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for determining a line orientation in a document image, said method comprising:
receiving, in a processor, a text mask associated with a document image;
generating a text-blob image from said text mask;
accumulating pixel-wise horizontal differences of horizontally adjacent pixel intensity values in said text-blob image;
accumulating pixel-wise vertical differences of vertically adjacent pixel intensity values in said text-blob image; and
selecting a line orientation based on a comparison of said accumulated pixel-wise horizontal differences and said accumulated
pixel-wise vertical differences.

US Pat. No. 9,300,920

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CONFIGURING MEDIA-PLAYING SETS

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for helping a plurality of end users configure respective media-playing sets comprising:
(a) maintaining a support site;
(b) detecting status information about a respective set remotely from said support site including internally collecting information
from the respective set about an intrinsic broadcast characteristic of the respective set, said intrinsic broadcast characteristic
having at least two potential settings during use of said respective set, each individually selectable by the user of the
respective set through a user-interface; and

(c) remotely configuring, from said support site and without manual assistance from any one of said plurality of users, a
preferred one of said potential settings for the respective set using said status information.

US Pat. No. 9,450,842

MONITORING HANDHELD DEVICES IN A USER TESTING MODE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for monitoring handheld devices in a testing environment, the method comprising:
providing a handheld device capable of performing a first plurality of functions in a non-test mode, and a second plurality
of functions, less than the first plurality of functions, in a test mode;

setting the handheld device to perform in the test mode;
in the event of the handheld device mode being changed from the test mode to non-test mode, the handheld device generating
a non-test mode signal; and,

a monitoring application, enabled as a sequence of software instructions stored in local memory and executed by a processor,
recording the non-test mode signal.

US Pat. No. 9,246,164

PROTECTED TRANSITION METAL HEXACYANOFERRATE BATTERY ELECTRODE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A protected transition metal hexacyanoferrate (TMHCF) battery cathode comprising:
a metal current collector;
AxMyFez(CN)n.mH2O particles having a crystal lattice structure overlying the current collector;

where A cations are selected from a group consisting of alkali and alkaline-earth cations;
where M is a transition metal;
where x is in a range of 0 to 2;
where y is in a range of 0 to 2;
where z is in a range of 0.1 to 2;
where n is in a range of 1 to 6;
where m is in a range of 0 to 7; and,
a cathode passivation layer including a material capable of interacting with the metal ions of the AxMyFez(CN)n.mH2O particles to cure vacancies in the crystal lattice structure.

US Pat. No. 9,099,718

TRANSITION METAL HEXACYANOFERRATE BATTERY CATHODE WITH SINGLE PLATEAU CHARGE/DISCHARGE CURVE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for synthesizing a transition metal hexacyanoferrate (TMH) battery material, the method comprising:
preparing a first solution of Mn2+;

preparing a second solution of an A salt of Fe(CN)64?;

mixing the first and second solutions;
in response to mixing the first and second solutions, precipitating AxMn[Fe(CN)6]y.zH2O;

where A cations are selected from a group consisting of alkali and alkaline-earth cations;
where x is in a range of 1 to 2;
where y is in a range of 0.5 to 1;
where z is in a range of 0 to 3.5;
drying the precipitated AxMn[Fe(CN)6]y.zH2O in a vacuum oven with a pressure of less than 0.1 torr; and,

forming the AxMnFe[(CN)6]y.zH2O in a rhombohedral crystal structure, with Mn2+/3+ and Fe2+/3+ having the same reduction/oxidation potential.

US Pat. No. 9,323,447

ELECTRONIC WHITEBOARD AND TOUCH SCREEN METHOD FOR CONFIGURING AND APPLYING METADATA TAGS THEREON

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A touch screen method for configuring and applying metadata tags on an electronic whiteboard, comprising:
receiving as first touch screen input on the electronic whiteboard a tag class configuration instruction identifying a metadata
tag class;

displaying on the electronic whiteboard in response to the tag class configuration instruction a tag configuration list for
the metadata tag class;

receiving as second touch screen input on the electronic whiteboard a plurality of metadata tags and associated metadata tag
priorities for inclusion in the metadata tag class, wherein the metadata tags and the associated metadata tag priorities are
received as handwritten characters in empty metadata tag cells and counterpart empty metadata tag priority cells within the
tag configuration list;

associating in a memory on the electronic whiteboard the metadata tag class with the metadata tags and the associated metadata
tag priorities;

receiving as third touch screen input on the electronic whiteboard an object tagging instruction identifying an object on
the electronic whiteboard to be tagged with metadata;

displaying, on the electronic whiteboard in response to the object tagging instruction using the associated metadata tag class,
metadata tags and metadata tag priorities a hierarchical selection menu including the metadata tag class as a selectable option
on a first level and the metadata tags as selectable options on a second level, wherein the metadata tags are ordered on the
second level in accordance with the metadata tag priorities; and

receiving as fourth touch screen input on the electronic whiteboard a selection from the hierarchical selection menu of one
of the metadata tags whereby the identified object is tagged with the metadata.

US Pat. No. 9,378,029

RULES BASED USER INTERFACE ARCHITECTURE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. In an electronic device, a method for a user interface (UI) to create a rules-validated service request, the method comprising:
a UI device presenting a plurality of selections;
the UI device accepting a selection command from a user;
a UI application, enabled as a sequence of processor executable instructions stored in a non-transitory local memory of the
electronic device, sending the selection command to a rules engine;

the rules engine, enabled as a sequence of processor executable instructions stored in a non-transitory memory, comparing
the selection command to a rules collection cross-referencing selection commands to allowable selection commands, wherein
a rule is defined as a relationship between service parameters;

in response to the rules engine validating the selection command, the UI application sending a service request including the
selection command to a first service device; and,

the first service device performing a service defined in the service request,
wherein prior to the UI device presenting the plurality of selections, the UI application downloading the rules collection
from the first service device; and, the UI application sending said rules collection to the rules engine, wherein prior to
downloading the rules collection, the UI application sending a query to the first service device to determine available services
and applicable rules.

US Pat. No. 9,330,630

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR DISPLAY SOURCE LIGHT MANAGEMENT WITH RATE CHANGE CONTROL

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for modifying a display source light illumination level, said method comprising:
a) determining a relative source light parameter representing the relative amount that a source light level can be reduced
with adequate compensation through brightness preservation processing, where said brightness preservation processing is based
upon an effectiveness of brightness preservation process that is based upon the content of an input image;

b) determining a display power difference value;
c) determining a previous frame peak source light illumination level; and
d) modifying said previous frame peak source light illumination level with said relative source light parameter and said display
power difference value, thereby creating a current-frame modified source light illumination level.

US Pat. No. 9,276,933

SECURITY TOKEN CACHING IN CENTRALIZED AUTHENTICATION SYSTEMS

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method comprising:
receiving, by a client device, a security token from an authentication server based on user credentials submitted to the authentication
server;

sending, by the client device, the security token to an application server;
verifying, by the application server, the security token with the authentication server and determining whether to allow or
deny access to the client device based on the security token verification;

determining, by the application server, a disposition of the security token based on whether the received security token is
a single-use token or a multiple-use token;

associating, by the application server, the security token with a corresponding cache table based on the determined disposition
of the token;

caching, by the application server, the security token based on the associated cache table;
determining a time-expiry algorithm for the cache table based on the cached security token, the disposition of the security
token, and associated cache table, and wherein the time-expiry algorithm determines a timeout interval for the security token
and the timeout interval is longer for a single-use token than the timeout interval for a multiple-use token; and

managing the cache table based on the determination of the time-expiry algorithm.

US Pat. No. 9,222,169

SILICON OXIDE-NITRIDE-CARBIDE THIN-FILM WITH EMBEDDED NANOCRYSTALLINE SEMICONDUCTOR PARTICLES

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for forming a semiconductor nanocrystalline silicon insulating thin-film with a tunable bandgap, the method comprising:
providing a substrate;
introducing a silicon (Si) source gas and at least one source gas selected from a group consisting of germanium (Ge), oxygen,
nitrogen, and carbon into a high density (HD) plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) process;

depositing a SiOxNyCz thin-film embedded with a nanocrystalline semiconductor material overlying the substrate, where x, v,
z?0, and the semiconductor material is selected from a group consisting of Si, Ge, and a combination of Si and Ge;

subsequent to depositing the SiOxNyCz thin-film, annealing the SiOxNyCz thin-film; and,
modifying the size of the nanocrystalline semiconductor material in response to the annealing, forming a bandgap in the SiOxNyCz
thin-film with a minimum value of 1.9 electron volts (eV) and a refractive index in a range of 1.9 to 3.5, as measured at
a wavelength of 632 nanometers (nm).

US Pat. No. 9,967,902

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CONTENTION ACCESS REGION IN A LICENSED-ASSISTED ACCESS(LAA)

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

5. A method for transmitting signals in a Licensed-Assisted Access (LAA) serving cell by a user equipment (UE), comprising:receiving an uplink (UL) grant from a downlink control information;
determining a UL contention access region based on the UL grant, wherein the UL contention access region has a fixed length and location in a subframe;
determining clear channel assessment (CCA) timeslots in the UL contention access region, wherein the CCA timeslots are allocated from one end of the UL contention access region, and a contention window size of UL listen before talk (LBT) is determined based on an available number of CCA timeslots in the UL contention access region; and
performing UL contention access in the UL contention access region with a backoff process.

US Pat. No. 9,683,258

EFFICIENT SENSOR FOR DETECTING AND DETERMINING THE CONCENTRATIONS OF TARGETS

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A sensor comprising:
a substrate;
a signal-generation component coupled to the substrate that produces a sensor signal; and
two or more types of probes associated with, or bound to, the substrate, each type of probe binding to a different binding
site of a target, so that, when the sensor is exposed to the target, the target is bound to two or more probes at two or more
binding sites to produce a change, in one or more physical characteristics of the substrate, probes, and/or other substrate-associated
entities, that is detected by the signal-generation component, which generates a corresponding sensor signal.

US Pat. No. 9,324,133

IMAGE CONTENT ENHANCEMENT USING A DICTIONARY TECHNIQUE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for determining a high resolution image comprising:
(a) receiving a low resolution image;
(b) determining a vector for a patch of said low resolution image based upon a total number of non-zero dictionary elements
of a low resolution dictionary that are used to said determine said vector, where said total number is modified using a parameter
that balances the sparsity of a solution by adjusting the number of said elements used to determine said vector, said parameter
inversely varied over said image relative to a standard deviation of a localized patch of said low resolution image;

(c) determining a high resolution patch based upon a high resolution dictionary and said vector;
(d) determining said high resolution image based upon said high resolution patch in a manner suitable to enhance the visual
appearance of the high resolution image compared to said low resolution image and free from a constraint of reconstructing
an original high resolution image corresponding to said low resolution image.

US Pat. No. 9,313,523

SYSTEM FOR LOW RESOLUTION POWER REDUCTION USING DEBLOCKING

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A video decoder that decodes video comprising:
(a) an entropy decoder that decodes a bitstream defining said video having data representative of a low resolution data set
and a high resolution data set;

(b) an inverse transformer that inverse transforms said decoded bitstream to create inverse-transformed data;
(c) a predictor that performs, selectively for only said low resolution data set, each of an intra-prediction and a motion
compensated prediction based on said decoded bitstream;

(d) a buffer that receives said inverse-transformed data and stores it as compressed frame data comprising a first pixel set
representative of a low resolution frame and a residual information pixel set independent of said first pixel set and representative
of a high resolution frame, said first pixel set retrievable from said buffer for motion compensated prediction independently
of the residual information pixel set;

(e) a combiner forming a reconstructed image data based upon predicted data and said inverse-transformed bitstream; and
(f) a de-blocking module that selectively de-blocks said reconstructed image data by making de-blocking strength decisions
during a high resolution mode during which said decoder outputs high resolution data, using said first pixel set and not using
said residual information pixel set.

US Pat. No. 9,269,023

EDGE BASED LOCATION FEATURE INDEX MATCHING

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for image processing, said method comprising:
(a) a computing device, labeling edge pixels of a model image using an edge based technique;
(b) said computing device, specifying an angular orientation for each of said edge pixels of said model image, wherein a plurality
of pixels of said model image are labeled as non-edge pixels and do not have an angular orientation specified;

(c) said computing device, labeling edge pixels of an input image using an edge based technique;
(d) said computing device, specifying an angular orientation for each of said edge pixels of said input image;
(e) said computing device, indexing each of said angular orientations for each of said edge pixels of said input image into
a feature index identifying its respective location wherein said respective location is stored as a one-dimensional value
in a location list, where the one-dimensional value preserves a two-dimensional said location;

(f) said computing device, determining candidate locations of an object within said input image based on said feature index
and said angular orientation for each of said edge pixels of said model image, and including identifying said candidate locations
in a coarse resolution stage that identifies for at least one block of pixels a predetermined number of top-ranked said angular
orientations, ranking made by a criteria that includes at least one of:

(i) the frequency of the occurrence of a said angular orientation in a block of pixels;
(ii) the strength of an edge associated with a said angular orientation; and
(iii) a gradient magnitude of an edge associated with a said angular orientation
where the top-ranked said angular orientations are used to define a low resolution template, and where the candidate locations
are modified in a fine resolution stage using at least one high resolution template; and

(g) based upon the modified said candidate locations selecting at least one object location within said input image.

US Pat. No. 9,319,188

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR SPECIAL SUBFRAME CONFIGURATION FOR CARRIER AGGREGATION

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. An evolved Node B (eNB) for special subframe configuration for carrier aggregation, comprising:
a processor;
memory in electronic communication with the processor, wherein instructions stored in the memory are executable to:
determine whether a user equipment (UE) is capable of simultaneous reception and transmission in aggregated cells; and
jointly determine the special subframe configurations of the aggregated cells;
wherein a guard period is extended on at least one of the aggregated cells if there are UEs that are not capable of simultaneous
reception and transmission in the aggregated cells, and wherein the guard period is extended such that the guard period has
an overlap that is greater than a sum of a cell switching time and a processing time.

US Pat. No. 9,299,725

FABRICATION PROCESS USING CIRCUIT-ON-WIRE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. An active matrix array comprising:
a plurality of pixels, each pixel having a center and comprising:
a first conductive line and a parallel second conductive line aligned in a first direction;
an active line aligned in a second direction orthogonal to the first direction and mechanically connected to the first and
second conductive lines, with a circuit-on-wire (CoW) device overlying an outer surface of the active line electrically connected
to at least one of the first and second conductive lines; and,

wherein the active line bisects the center of the pixel.

US Pat. No. 9,213,050

DELAYED METER REPORTING

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method comprising:
sampling, by a local processing device, energy consumption related data of a local site based on data derived and sampled
periodically via a sampling operation, the sampling operation comprising a first sampling rate;

determining, by the local processing device, usage statistics of a set of local devices participating in a residential local
area network system via tracking the set of local devices;

storing, at a first local data store of the local processing device, energy consumption related data of the local site and
storing, at a second auxiliary data store, usage statistics of the set of local devices, wherein the energy consumption related
data and usage statists are based on the first sampling rate;

filtering, by the local processing device, the stored data in order to select which of the energy consumption related data
is for transmission and based on a defined rule, wherein the defined rule is based on a user selection and a provided incentive
associated with the energy consumption related data and usage statistics transmitted by the local site;

determining the provided incentive associated with the energy consumption related data and usage statistics transmitted by
the local site, based on an energy utility offering a larger discount for receiving more detailed energy consumption related
data and usage statistics from the local site, wherein the energy consumption related data and the usage statistics comprise
local site content information related to customer-sensitive information;

maintaining privacy and preventing possible misuse of detailed energy consumption related data based on filtering stored energy
consumption related data of the local site, wherein the detailed energy consumption related data is collected and transmitted
by a local instrumented meter; and

transmitting, by the local processing device, the filtered data and usage statistics based on data extracted periodically
via a sampling operation, the sampling operation comprising a second sampling rate, wherein the first sampling rate is equal
to or higher than the second sampling rate and wherein transmitting the filtered data is during a billing time that is part
of a billing cycle, thereby providing the local site control of the content information related to customer-sensitive information
and frequency of transmission of the data.

US Pat. No. 9,432,158

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR HANDLING A TYPE-2 CARRIER

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A User Equipment (UE) for handling a type-2 carrier, comprising:
a processor;
memory in electronic communication with the processor, wherein instructions stored in the memory are executable to:
apply a configuration with one or more serving cells including at least one type-2 secondary cell (SCell);
obtain a measurement for each of the one or more serving cells except for the at least one type-2 SCell;
set a measurement list to include measurement results for the one or more serving cells except for the at least one type-2
SCell, wherein the measurement results for the one or more serving cells are included in a case that the one or more SCells
that are not type-2 are configured;

send the measurement list; and
determine a path loss reference for an uplink of the at least one type-2 SCell, wherein determining the path loss reference
comprises determining whether to set a primary cell (PCell) or a secondary cell (SCell) as the path loss reference for the
uplink of the at least one type-2 SCell.

US Pat. No. 9,408,158

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR FEEDBACK REPORTING

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A user equipment (UE), comprising:
a processor; and
memory in electronic communication with the processor, wherein instructions stored in the memory are executable to:
decode an uplink/downlink (UL/DL) reconfiguration downlink control information (DCI) with an enhanced interference mitigation
with traffic adaptation (eIMTA)-radio network temporary identifier (RNTI) on a physical downlink control channel (PDCCH);

determine if one or more valid UL/DL configurations in the UL/DL reconfiguration DCI with eIMTA-RNTI for all configured eIMTA
cells are received;

determine if physical uplink control channel (PUCCH) format 3 is configured;
determine a PUCCH resource for physical downlink shared channel (PDSCH) hybrid automatic repeat request acknowledgement/negative
acknowledgement (HARQ-ACK) reporting, the PUCCH resource being determined by whether valid UL/DL configurations in the UL/DL
reconfiguration DCI with eIMTA-RNTI for all of the configured eIMTA cells corresponding to a subframe for the PUCCH resource
are received; and

send PDSCH HARQ-ACK information on the selected PUCCH resource in an uplink subframe.

US Pat. No. 9,400,592

METHODS, SYSTEMS AND APPARATUS FOR DIGITAL-MARKING-SURFACE SPACE AND DISPLAY MANAGEMENT

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method, said method comprising:
in a digital-marking-surface system:
storing a keyhole gesture description associated with a content-unit spatial separation function for creating a blank space
on a digital marking surface, wherein said keyhole gesture description includes a circle defining a center of expansion and
a tail defining an extent of expansion;

in response to detecting a digital mark on said digital marking surface, automatically performing the following functions;
analyzing said digital mark to determine whether said digital mark conforms to said keyhole gesture description; and
performing said content-unit spatial separation function when said digital mark conforms to said keyhole gesture description,
wherein said content-unit spatial separation function comprises creating a new blank space, on said digital marking surface,
proximal to a location, on said digital marking surface, associated with said keyhole digital mark, wherein said creating
a new blank space comprises moving a plurality of content units away from a center of expansion indicated by said keyhole
center, a distance indicated by said keyhole tail.

US Pat. No. 9,265,477

ADAPTIVE LIGHTWEIGHT ACOUSTIC SIGNAL CLASSIFICATION FOR PHYSIOLOGICAL MONITORING

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A physiological monitoring device, comprising:
a sound capture system adapted to detect body sounds and generate an acoustic signal representing the body sounds, the sound
capture system including a sound transducer positioned on a body, an amplifier, a filter, an analog-to-digital converter and
automatic gain control;

an acoustic signal processing system operatively coupled with the capture system and adapted to determine a total energy of
a segment of the signal, calculate for each of a plurality of signal classes a probability that the segment belongs to the
signal class based at least in part on the total energy and profile data for the signal class, and assign the segment to one
of the plurality of signal classes based at least in part on the probabilities; and

a physiological data output system operatively coupled with the processing system and adapted to selectively output, depending
on the assigned signal class, physiological data based at least in part on the segment, wherein in response to assigning the
segment to a good class, the output system outputs physiological data based at least in part on the segment.

US Pat. No. 9,214,015

SYSTEM FOR IMAGE ENHANCEMENT

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A computer-implemented method for enhancing an input image comprising:
(a) said computer receiving an input image and determining lower frequency aspects of said image and higher frequency aspects
of said image using a multi-scale pyramid decomposition;

(b) said computer modifying the brightness of said image, wherein said modifying is greater for said lower frequency aspects
of said input image relative to said higher frequency aspects of said input image and is based upon a brightening process
that applies a strength selection from among a range of potential strength selections that each brighten the input image,
where said strength selection is based upon a selected backlight level of a display to display said input image;

(c) said computer modifying the higher frequency aspects of said input image based upon an enhancement process that uses said
strength selection;

(d) said computer combining said modified said image based upon said brightening process of said input image and said modified
said image based upon said enhancement process of said input image; where

(e) the brightening process to the lower frequency aspects of said input image are only applied to a lowest resolution image
in the pyramid decomposition technique and where Laplacian details of the input image are scaled using the brightening factor
and added at each pyramid level.

US Pat. No. 9,146,666

TOUCH SENSOR NAVIGATION

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for image navigation on an electronic device comprising:
displaying an image;
detecting at least one contact with a touch sensor to obtain a first position;
obtaining an updated position corresponding to a contact movement;
determining a modified position by applying at least one scaling function based on the first position and the updated position,
wherein the modified position is different than the updated position, wherein determining the modified position comprises:

determining a modified vertical distance by applying a first scaling function;
determining a modified horizontal distance by applying a second scaling function; and
determining the modified position based on the modified vertical distance and the modified horizontal distance; and
moving the image based on the modified position.

US Pat. No. 9,093,031

OFF AXIS HALO MITIGATION USING SPATIOTEMPORAL DITHER PATTERNS, EACH INDEXED AND ARRANGED ACCORDING TO INDEX PATTERNS WITH DIAGONAL LINES OF CONSTANT INDEX

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for modifying an image to be displayed on a display comprising:
(a) receiving an image to be displayed on said display having a backlight and a transmissive panel;
(b) providing a backlight signal to said backlight for causing said backlight to selectively illuminate different portions
of said backlight with different characteristics, wherein said characteristics include at least one of a different color and
a different luminance;

(c) providing a panel signal to said panel for causing said transmissive panel to selectively change its transmittivities;
(d) wherein at least one of said backlight signal and said panel signal are modified for a group of pixels in such a manner
that the spatial resolution of said image is reduced while the intensity value of at least one pixel of said group of pixels
is modified using a plurality of different spatiotemporal dither patterns of intensity adjustments, each indexed and arranged
over a plurality of pixels according to a plurality of index patterns so to correct for an off-axis artifact, each pattern
of intensity adjustments maintaining the same average intensity as the at least one pixel dithered by the respective pattern,
each said at least one index pattern having a diagonal line of constant index, and wherein the plurality of index patterns
includes at least one pair of index patterns having a reversed polarity with respect to their respective diagonal lines of
constant index and each index pattern in the pair alternating polarity temporally over each of a plurality of sequential frames,
where the plurality of sequential frames by which said pair of index patterns alternates polarity is limited to an odd number
of frames.

US Pat. No. 9,083,969

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR INDEPENDENT VIEW ADJUSTMENT IN MULTIPLE-VIEW DISPLAYS

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for adjusting the brightness of a first view in a multiple-view display independently of a second view in said
multiple-view display, said method comprising:
a) displaying a first image with a first array of pixels in said multiple-view display, wherein said first array of pixels
is configured to be seen from a first viewing area;

b) displaying a second image with a second array of pixels in said multiple-view display, wherein said second array of pixels
is configured to be seen from a second viewing area;

c) adjusting a first code value of said first image that is displayed with said first array of pixels independently of a second
code value of said second image that is displayed with said second array of pixels to effect a visually-perceptible change
in said first image as displayed with said first array of pixels wherein said visually-perceptible change is independent of
any change in said second image displayed with said second array of pixels; and

d) wherein said adjusting said first code value of said first image that is displayed with said first array of pixels comprises
creating a first low-pass image and a first high-pass image from said first image, applying a tone scale operation to said
first low-pass image thereby creating an adjusted first low-pass image, applying a constant positive gain operation to said
first high-pass image thereby creating an adjusted first high-pass image and combining said adjusted first low-pass image
with said adjusted first high-pass image.

US Pat. No. 9,425,221

CIRCUIT-ON-WIRE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A woven active matrix array comprising:
a set of parallel first metal lines aligned in a first direction;
a set of parallel second metal lines aligned in a second direction orthogonal to the first direction, each second metal line
having a top surface and a bottom surface;

wherein the first metal lines intersect the second metal lines to form pixel regions;
wherein a plurality of metal lines from the second metal lines comprise serially configured circuit-on-wire (CoW) control
devices overlying an outer surface of the second metal line;

wherein each control device is associated with a corresponding pixel region; and,
wherein a plurality of control devices each comprises:
a via through the second metal wire from the top surface to the bottom surface; and,
a second electrical contact accessible through the via.

US Pat. No. 9,361,707

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR DETECTION AND ESTIMATION OF COMPRESSION NOISE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for estimating compression noise in an image, said method comprising:
receiving an additive noise estimate for an image-channel image;
computing a difference value, in a first direction, at each pixel in a first plurality of pixels in said image-channel image,
thereby producing a plurality of first-direction difference values;

for each first-direction offset in a plurality of first-direction offsets, computing a statistical feature value of an associated
plurality of first-direction difference values in said plurality of first-direction difference values, thereby producing a
plurality of first-direction statistical feature values;

computing a value for a first-direction first feature using said plurality of first-direction statistical feature values;
comparing said first-direction first feature value with an associated threshold;
when a first-direction compression criterion, based on said comparison of said first-direction first feature value with an
associated threshold and said additive noise estimate, is not satisfied, setting a compression-noise estimate associated with
said first direction to a value indicating said compression-noise estimate associated with said first direction is ignorable;
and

when said first-direction compression criterion is satisfied, computing said compression-noise estimate associated with said
first direction using a first first-direction statistic computed using said first-direction statistical feature values.

US Pat. No. 9,289,622

THERAPEUTIC LIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A system for influencing a state of a user, said system comprising:
(a) a display with a light source for emitting light suitable to use an input image to render an output image on said display,
and to influence the state of the user;

(b) a light controller selectively controlling said emission of said light to render said output image;
(c) an analysis engine indicating a desired emission of said light characterized by selective illumination of a plurality
of blue light sources having different respective spectral characteristics, wherein a first one of said blue light sources
emits primarily blue light having a peak spectrum at a first wavelength, wherein a second one of said blue light sources emits
primarily blue light having a peak spectrum at a second wavelength so as to increase melatonin levels in a viewer, wherein
said first wavelength is different than said second wavelength, and where said analysis engine analyzes said input image to
determine a relative mixture of light emitted by said first one of said blue light sources and light emitted by said second
one of said blue light sources, with respect to each other, to produce said output image, where said relative mixture varies
spatially over the output image and where the analysis of said input image is used by said analysis engine to determine a
spatial variance of said relative mixture such that more light from said first one of said blue light sources is added to
local areas of said image prioritized by said analysis engine for image quality.

US Pat. No. 9,271,279

CHANNEL STATE MEASUREMENT AND REPORTING

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for receiving uplink control information (UCI), comprising:
receiving a first channel state information (CSI) report for a CSI reference resource from a user equipment (UE) if triggered;
and

receiving a second CSI report for the CSI reference resource from the UE if triggered,
wherein the second CSI report is computed from a channel measurement based on only a non-zero power CSI reference signal only
on a single subframe within a configured CSI reference signal resource associated with a CSI process, wherein the first CSI
report is computed from a channel measurement based on only non-zero power CSI reference signals within a configured CSI reference
signal resource associated with a CSI process based on an unrestricted observation interval in time and frequency, wherein
the single subframe is a subframe of the CSI reference resource, and the CSI reference resource for the second CSI report
reported in uplink subframe n is defined by a valid downlink subframe n-k.

US Pat. No. 9,112,693

DEVICES FOR SENDING AND RECEIVING HYBRID AUTOMATIC REPEAT REQUEST INFORMATION FOR CARRIER AGGREGATION

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A User Equipment (UE) for sending Hybrid Automatic Repeat Request (HARQ) information, comprising:
a processor;
memory in electronic communication with the processor;
instructions stored in the memory, the instructions being executable to:
determine a primary cell (PCell) configuration;
determine a secondary cell (SCell) configuration;
determine, for each subframe, whether the PCell configuration specifies uplink (UL) and the SCell configuration specifies
downlink (DL) for the subframe or whether the PCell configuration specifies DL and the SCell configuration specifies DL for
the subframe;

determine a HARQ Acknowledgement (HARQ-ACK) reporting subframe, wherein the HARQ-ACK reporting subframe is determined based
on the PCell configuration association timing if the PCell configuration specifies DL and the SCell configuration specifies
DL for the subframe; and

the HARQ-ACK reporting subframe is determined based on a selected uplink-downlink (UL-DL) configuration and a subframe number
if the PCell configuration specifies UL and the SCell configuration specifies DL for the subframe; and

send Physical Downlink Shared Channel (PDSCH) HARQ-ACK information of all serving cells for the subframe in the HARQ-ACK reporting
subframe.

US Pat. No. 9,090,742

FACILE SYNTHESIS OF METALLOPORPHYRIN POLYMERS

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for synthesizing a metal (M) meso-tetraphenylporphyrin polymer, the method comprising:
providing a free-base (H2)-meso-tetra-4-(trialkylsilyl)ethynylphenylporphyrin (H2-tetra-C?C-TriAS-TPP) including a trialkylsilyl (TriAS) moiety attached to an ethynyl termini;

in response to a reaction with a metal (M)-containing material, converting the H2-tetra-C?C-TriAS-TPP to a metal (M)-tetra-4-(trialkylsilyl)ethynylphenylporphyrin (M-tetra-C?C-TriAS-TPP);

converting the M-tetra-C?C-TriAS-TPP to a M-tetra-4-ethynylphenylporphyrin (M-tetra-C?C-TPP) monomer by removing the trialkylsilyl
(TriAS) moiety from the ethynyl termini; and,

coupling a plurality of M-tetra-C?C-TPP monomers to supply a metal (M)-meso-tetraphenylporphyrin polymer (M-poly-meso-TPP),
whereby meso-phenyl groups of adjacent M-tetra-C?C-TPP monomers in the M-poly-meso-TPP are connected through a butadiyne linking
moiety.

US Pat. No. 9,060,735

CLASSIFICATION OF SEGMENTS OF ACOUSTIC PHYSIOLOGICAL SIGNAL CAPTURED DURING SLEEP USING PHASE-LOCKED LOOP ARRAY

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A sleep monitoring method, comprising the steps of:
detecting by a sleep monitoring device, using a sound transducer, respiration sound;
generating by the device, using the sound transducer, an acoustic physiological signal representing the respiration sound;
selecting by the device a master phase-locked loop to process the physiological signal from a plurality of phase-locked loops
based at least in part on rhythm indicators computed by the plurality of phase-locked loops in response to the physiological
signal;

classifying by the device as a snore segment a first segment of the physiological signal while a master rhythm indicator computed
by the master phase-locked loop exceeds a snore rhythm threshold;

generating by the device sleep profile data based at least in part on the snore segment; and
outputting by the device information based at least in part on the sleep profile data.

US Pat. No. 9,589,323

SUPER RESOLUTION IMAGE ENHANCEMENT TECHNIQUE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for image enhancement comprising:
(a) selecting a plurality of patches of an image;
(b) determining at least one feature for each of said plurality of patches;
(c) reducing the dimensionality of said at least one feature for each of said plurality of patches to determine a dimensionally
reduced feature for each of said plurality of patches;

(d) determining a generally closest cluster from a set of clusters based on said dimensionally reduced feature for each of
said plurality of patches;

(e) identifying a corresponding set of regression coefficients for each of said generally closest cluster;
(f) applying said selected regression coefficients to a corresponding said patch to enhance said image.

US Pat. No. 9,285,923

TOUCH SENSITIVE DISPLAY SYSTEM

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A display comprising:
(a) a display area that emits light, a liquid crystal layer and a backlight layer;
(b) a border region surrounding at least a portion of said light emitting region;
(c) a light guide plate overlaying said display area, said light guide plate positioned at a location on a side of said liquid
crystal layer opposite that of said backlight layer;

(d) at least one lighting module operatively interconnected with said light guide plate to provide light to said light guide
plate and positioned within said border region;

(e) at least one camera module operatively interconnected with said light guide plate to sense light from said light guide
plate, said at least one camera module supported by said light guide plate, said at least one camera module positioned at
a location on a side of said liquid crystal layer opposite that of said backlight layer, and said at least one camera module
positioned within said border region; where

(f) said display receives a measured angle of a touch on said light guide plate by sensing frustrated total internal reflection
within said light guide plate as a result of a true angle of said touch on said light guide plate, said true angle different
than said measured angle, where said display determines said true angle using said measured angle.

US Pat. No. 9,256,920

IMAGE ENHANCEMENT USING A PATCH BASED TECHNIQUE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for determining a high resolution output image comprising:
(a) receiving a low resolution image having a first resolution;
(b) determining an intermediate high resolution image having a second resolution based upon said low resolution image, where
the second resolution is greater than the first resolution;

(c) determining a set of matches between a patch of said intermediate high resolution image and each of a plurality of degraded
high resolution images;

(d) selecting a subset of said set of matches and determining a corresponding residue patch for each of said subset of said
set of patches;

(e) modifying said intermediate high resolution image based upon said corresponding residue patches to determine said high
resolution output image.

US Pat. No. 9,122,285

VIRTUAL THERMOSTAT SYSTEM AND METHOD

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A virtual thermostat system comprising:
a plurality of energy consumption units, each energy consumption unit having an input to accept an energy resource consumed
at an associated peak power, an input to accept consumption commands, and an output to supply a controlled temperature medium
to an associated zone;

a sensor associated with each zone, having an output to supply a temperature measurement responsive to the controlled temperature
medium;

a virtual thermostat user interface (UI) to accept zone temperature set point inputs from a user, and to present temperature
measurements for the plurality of zones;

a processor;
a non-transitory memory; and,
a peak power management application stored as a sequence of software instructions in the memory and executed by the processor,
the peak power management application having an interface connected to the virtual thermostat UI for managing each energy
consumption unit in response to its associated zone temperature set point, while insuring that a combined peak power of the
energy consumption units is less than a maximum peak power threshold as follows:

subsequent to an energy consumption unit being disabled, adding the energy consumption unit to a tail of an activation queue;
and,

enabling an energy consumption unit at a head of the activation queue.

US Pat. No. 9,099,719

HEXACYANOFERRATE BATTERY ELECTRODE MODIFIED WITH FERROCYANIDES OR FERRICYANIDES

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A transition metal hexacyanoferrate (TMHCF) battery electrode with a Fe(CN)6 additive, the electrode comprising:
a metal current collector;
AxMyFez(CN)n.mH2O particles overlying the current collector;

where A cations are selected from a group consisting of alkali and alkaline-earth cations;
where M is a transition metal;
where x is in a range of 0 to 2;
where y is in a range of 0 to 2;
where z is in a range of 0.1 to 2;
where n is in a range of 1 to 6;
where m is in a range of 0 to 7; and,
a Fe(CN)6 additive modifying the AxMyFez(CN)n.mH2O particles.

US Pat. No. 9,083,041

TRANSITION METAL HEXACYANOMETALLATE-CONDUCTIVE POLYMER COMPOSITE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A transition metal hexacyanometallate (TMHCM)-conductive polymer (CP) composite battery electrode for use in an electrochemical
cell (battery) with a non-aqueous electrolyte, the battery electrode comprising:
a current collector;
a transition metal hexacyanometallate-conductive polymer composite overlying the current collector, comprising:
a AXM1YM2Z(CN)N.MH2O material;

where A is selected from a group consisting of alkali metal ions, alkaline earth metal ions, ammonium ions, and combinations
thereof;

where M1 is a first transition metal ion;
where M2 is a second transition metal ion;
where X is in a range of 0 to 2;
where Y is in a range of 0 to 2;
where Z is in a range of 0.1 to 2;
where N is in a range of 1 to 6;
where M is in a range of 0 to 7;
a conductive polymer material; and,
wherein the TMHCM electrode capacity is increased in response to the conductive polymer material.

US Pat. No. 9,082,349

MULTI-PRIMARY DISPLAY WITH ACTIVE BACKLIGHT

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method of illuminating a display comprising the steps of:
(a) spatially varying the luminance of a light source, said light source including a plurality of lighting elements each having
the same spectrum of light, and said light source illuminating a plurality of pixels of said display in response to receiving
a plurality of pixel values;

(b) varying the transmittance of a light valve of said display, said display including a plurality of different dichroic filters
corresponding to different ones of said lighting elements having said same spectrum of light in response to receiving said
plurality of pixel values;

(c) modifying the illumination from said display for said plurality of pixel values based upon modification of said luminance
of said light source and said varying said transmittance of said light valve, wherein light from a first said lighting element
passes through a first corresponding said dichroic filter, wherein light from a second said lighting element passes through
a second corresponding said dichroic filter, wherein light from a third said lighting element passes through a third corresponding
said dichroic filter, wherein said first, second, and third dichroic filters each transmit different spectrums of light, wherein
said display illuminates said plurality of pixels at least three of which having a different color and corresponding to said
first, second, and third dichroic filters;

(d) wherein said modifying is further based upon modification of a first said lighting element of said light source together
with modification of the transmittance of said light valve corresponding to at least one of said dichroic filters of a different
color than said first lighting element in such a manner that generally blue light from said first lighting element is converted
to a generally second light from said display, using said at least one of said dichroic filters, and in a manner that increases
the color gamut of said display, wherein at least one of said dichroic filters of said different color and said first lighting
element includes a structure to limit the angular incidence of said generally blue light from said first lighting element
upon said at least one of said dichroic filters of said different color; and

(e) wherein one of said dichroic filters receives said generally blue light from said first lighting element and reflects
said blue light to said first lighting element to be converted to generally yellow light.

US Pat. No. 9,063,353

AIR STABLE, COLOR TUNABLE PLASMONIC STRUCTURES FOR ULTRAVIOLET (UV) AND VISIBLE WAVELENGTH APPLICATIONS

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for fabricating a plasmonic optical device to operate in near ultraviolet (UV) and visible wavelengths of light,
the method comprising:
providing a substrate;
forming nanoparticles having a core consisting of zinc (Zn), and a shell selected from a group consisting of titanium nitride
(TiN), and metal-doped semiconductors including aluminum zinc oxide (AZO), gallium zinc oxide (GZO), indium gallium zinc oxide
(IGZO), and indium tin oxide (ITO); and,

embedding the nanoparticles in a dielectric overlying the substrate.

US Pat. No. 9,064,449

ELECTRONIC DEVICES CONFIGURED FOR ADAPTING REFRESH BEHAVIOR

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for adapting refresh behavior on an electronic device, comprising:
operating according to an adaptive state that adapts a refresh rate for a display based on at least one frame;
transitioning from the adaptive state to a self refresh state based on a first self refresh state indication;
transitioning from the self refresh state to the adaptive state based on a second self refresh state indication, wherein the
adaptive state is a change adaptive state that indicates a refresh when a change is detected; and

transitioning from the change adaptive state to a motion adaptive state when a number of frames exceeds a first threshold,
wherein the motion adaptive state indicates a refresh for a fraction of the one or more frames.

US Pat. No. 9,363,889

PIXEL DESIGN FOR FLEXIBLE ACTIVE MATRIX ARRAY

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A flexible active matrix array, the array comprising:
a flexible substrate;
an array of pixels overlying the substrate, each pixel having a length (L) and a width (W), and comprising an active device
and a light controlling device;

a plurality of parallel row lines overlying the substrate, each row line formed in a serpentine pattern with a plurality of
partial-loops having a period (T1), to supply a first signal to a corresponding plurality of pixels; and,

a plurality of parallel column lines overlying the substrate, orthogonal to the row lines, each column line formed in a serpentine
pattern with a plurality of partial-loops having a period (T2), to supply a second signal to a corresponding plurality of pixels; and,

wherein T1 is greater than L, and wherein T2 is greater than W.

US Pat. No. 9,455,446

SODIUM AND POTASSIUM ION BATTERIES WITH HALOGEN SALTS

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A cathode with a halogen salt additive comprising:
a current collector;
a cathode active material capable of respectively releasing and hosting metal ions during charge and discharge cycling; and,
a halogen salt additive (MX) added to the cathode active material, where M is a metal and X is a halogen element.

US Pat. No. 9,269,953

ELECTRODE FORMING PROCESS FOR METAL-ION BATTERY WITH HEXACYANOMETALLATE ELECTRODE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for forming a metal-ion battery electrode with large interstitial spacing, the method comprising:
forming a working electrode with hexacyanometallate particles overlying a current collector, the hexacyanometallate particles
having a chemical formula AmM1xM2y(CN)6.zH2O, and having a Prussian Blue hexacyanometallate crystal structure,

where A is selected from a group consisting of alkali and alkaline-earth cations;
where M1 is a metal selected from a group consisting of 2+ and 3+ valance positions;
where M2 is a metal selected from a group consisting of 2+ and 3+ valance positions;
where m is in a range of 0 to 2;
where x is in a range of 0.5 to 1.5;
where y is in a range of 0.5 to 1.5;
where z is in a range of 0 to 10;
soaking the working electrode in an organic first electrolyte including a salt selected from the group consisting of alkali
and alkaline earth cations;

accepting a first electric field in the first electrolyte between the working electrode and a first counter electrode;
in response to the first electric field, simultaneously removing A cations and water molecules from interstitial spaces in
the Prussian Blue hexacyanometallate crystal structure;

forming hexacyanometallate particles having a chemical formula of Am?M1xM2y(CN)6.z?H2O, where m?
subsequent to forming Am?M1xM2y(CN)6.zH2O, soaking the working electrode in an organic second electrolyte including a salt with A? cations, where A? is selected from
a group consisting of alkali and alkaline-earth cations;

accepting a second electric field in the second electrolyte between the working electrode and a second counter electrode including
A? elements;

in response to the second electric field, adding A? cations into the interstitial spaces of the Am?M1xM2y(CN)6.zH2O crystal structure; and,

forming hexacyanometallate particles with the chemical formula A?nAm?M1xM2y(CN)6.z?H2O the metal current collector, where n is in a range of 0.5 to 2.

US Pat. No. 9,093,475

THIN FILM TRANSISTOR SHORT CHANNEL PATTERNING BY SUBSTRATE SURFACE ENERGY MANIPULATION

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for controlling the spacing of an electrical connection between printed ink metal lines, the method comprising:
providing a substrate with a low surface energy top surface;
continuously printing metal ink across a region of the substrate top surface;
in response to a surface tension of the printed metal ink, forming discrete spherical ink caps in the region, including a
first spherical ink cap contact adjacent to a second spherical ink cap contact, separated by a first distance;

increasing the surface energy of the substrate top surface in the region;
printing a first metal ink line overlying the first spherical ink cap contact;
printing a second metal ink line, parallel to the first metal ink line, overlying the second spherical ink cap contact, where
adjacent edges of the first and second metal ink lines are separated by a second distance; and,

forming an electrically conductive bridge between the first and second metal link lines having a length equal to the first
distance.

US Pat. No. 9,367,897

SYSTEM FOR VIDEO SUPER RESOLUTION USING SEMANTIC COMPONENTS

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for increasing the resolution of a series of low resolution frames of a low resolution video sequence to a series
of high resolution frames of a high resolution video sequence using an image processing system comprising:
(a) receiving said series of low resolution frames of said low resolution video sequence by said image processing system;
(b) determining a first plurality of key points of a first low resolution frame of said series of low resolution frames based
upon semantic content of said first low resolution frame of said series of low resolution frames by said image processing
system;

(c) determining a second plurality of key points of a second low resolution frame of said series of low resolution frames
based upon semantic content of said second low resolution frame of said series of low resolution frames by said image processing
system;

(d) temporally processing said first plurality of key points based upon said second plurality of key points by said image
processing system to determine a more temporally consistent set of key points for said first plurality of key points to determine
said series of high resolution frames of a high resolution video sequence.

US Pat. No. 9,205,277

COLOR ADAPTIVE THERAPEUTIC LIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A system for influencing a state of a user comprising:
(a) a light source for emitting light having a spectral characteristic for influencing the state of the user;
(b) a light controller selectively modifying the emitted light from said light source to modify said spectral characteristics
of said emitted light;

(c) an analysis engine that provides a signal to said light controller indicating a desired emission of said light, wherein
said system uses an LCD layer to steer an amount of blue light of said spectral characteristics emitted from said light source,
through said LCD layer and onto a material positioned on the opposite side of said LCD layer relative to said light source,
and in a selectively time-varying spatial pattern projected on a surface of said material, said material capable of selectively
converting the blue light into a different color, selection based on said time-varying pattern so as to result in said modified
spectral characteristics.

US Pat. No. 9,189,149

EQUIVALENT GESTURE AND SOFT BUTTON CONFIGURATION FOR TOUCH SCREEN ENABLED DEVICE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A touch screen enabled device, comprising:
a memory having a default gesture defined therein;
a touch screen interface configured to receive as hand-drawn input a first expression equating a first custom soft button
with the default gesture; and

a processor operatively coupled with the memory and the touch screen interface configured to establish in response to the
first expression an equivalency between the first custom soft button and the default gesture, wherein before establishing
the equivalency selected screen data on the touch screen enabled device are manipulable in response to receiving as hand-drawn
input on the touch screen interface the default gesture, and wherein after establishing the equivalency selected screen data
on the touch screen enabled device are also manipulable in response to receiving as hand-drawn input the interface the first
custom soft button and receiving as further input on the touch screen interface a button press on the first custom soft button.

US Pat. No. 9,177,509

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR BACKLIGHT MODULATION WITH SCENE-CUT DETECTION

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for selectively filtering a source light illumination level signal based on scene cut detection, said method comprising:
a) detecting the presence or absence of a scene cut in a video sequence;
b) determining a source light illumination level value for a current frame of said video sequence based on image characteristics
of said current frame;

c) selectively filtering said source light illumination level value with a first filter only if a scene cut was detected proximate
to said current frame, said first filter comprising an infinite impulse response filter having a first pole value; and

d) selectively filtering said source light illumination level value with a second filter only if a scene cut was not detected
proximate to said current frame, said second filter more aggressive than said first filter and comprising an infinite impulse
response filter having a second pole value different than said first pole value;

(e) said light source illumination level value is not filtered with said first filter if a scene cut is not detected, and
said light source illumination level value is not filtered with said second filter if a scene cut is detected; where

(f) said first filter and said second filter are described with the following equation:
S(i)=?·S(i?1)+(1??)·BL(i) 0???1

where BL(i) is the backlight value based on image content, S(i) is a smoothed backlight value based on a current value and
history and a defines the location of the filter pole.

US Pat. No. 9,167,261

VIDEO DECODER WITH CONSTRAINED DYNAMIC RANGE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A decoder that decodes video comprising:
(a) said decoder receives a bitstream containing quantized coefficient level values representative of a block of video representative
of a plurality of pixels and a quantization parameter related to said block of video;

(b) a de-quantizer of said decoder de-quantizing said quantized coefficient level values based upon said quantized coefficient
level values, a transform block size and said quantization parameter when said quantized coefficient level values, said transform
block size, and said quantization parameters are jointly within a predefined range of acceptable values to limit a dynamic
range of said de-quantizing;

(c) said decoder inverse transforming said dequantized coefficients to determine a decoded residue;
(d) where the bitstream provided to said decoder includes a selective one of a plurality of available restrictions on the
largest permitted level allowed in the bitstream and the selective one is received from the bitstream and depends on quantization
parameter, transform block size, or source bit-depth.

US Pat. No. 9,098,771

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR ESTIMATION OF DOCUMENT SKEW IN AN IMAGE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A system for determining a skew angle associated with a scanned document page, said system comprising:
an edge-buffer generator for generating, from a normalized image associated with a scanned document page, a vertical-edge
buffer and a horizontal-edge buffer;

a layer processor for processing a current layer of said vertical-edge buffer and said horizontal-edge buffer, thereby generating
a current rotation vector associated with said current layer; and

a rotation-estimate selector for selecting a rotation vector estimate from a group of rotation vectors comprising said current
rotation vector, wherein said rotation vector estimate is associated with a skew angle associated with said scanned document
page.

US Pat. No. 9,443,664

SUPERCAPACITOR WITH METAL CYANOMETALLATE ANODE AND CARBONACEOUS CATHODE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A supercapacitor comprising:
an anode comprising metal cyanometallate (MCM) particles overlying a current collector, the MCM particles having a chemical
formula AXM1YM2Z(CN)N. MH2O;

where “A” is selected from a first group of metals;
where M1 and M2 are transition metals;
where X is less than or equal to 2;
where Y is less than or equal to 1;
where Z is less than or equal to 1;
where N is less than or equal to 6;
where M is less than or equal to 20;

a cathode including carbonaceous cathode materials overlying a current collector; and,
an electrolyte including cations capable of insertion/de-insertion with the anode and selected from a second group of materials,
and anions capable of adsorption/de-adsorption on a surface of the cathode and selected from a third group of materials.

US Pat. No. 9,419,278

RECHARGEABLE METAL-ION BATTERY WITH NON-AQUEOUS HYBRID ION ELECTROLYTE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A rechargeable metal-ion battery with a hybrid ion electrolyte, the battery comprising:
a cathode comprising hexacyanometallate (HCM) particles overlying a current collector, the HCM particles having a chemical
formula AXM1YM2Z(CN)N.MH2O;

where “A” is selected from a first group of metals;
where M1 and M2 are selected from a second group of metals;
where X is less than or equal to 2;

where Y is less than or equal to 1;

where Z is less than or equal to 1;

where N is less than or equal to 6;

where M is less than or equal to 20;

a hybrid ionic non-aqueous electrolyte including a first type of cation selected from the first group of metals and a second
type of cation selected from the first group of metals and different than the first type of cation; and,

an anode.

US Pat. No. 9,090,743

METALLOPORPHYRIN POLYMER FUNCTIONALIZED SUBSTRATE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for fabricating a metalloporphyrin polymer on a substrate, the method comprising:
providing a substrate;
creating a functionalized substrate by attaching an anchor group of a linker, including a terminal first alkyne group, to
a surface of the substrate;

exposing the functionalized substrate to metalloporphyrin monomers, where each metalloporphyrin monomer includes at least
a terminal second alkyne group and a terminal third alkyne group;

linking a plurality of metalloporphyrin monomers via the metalloporphyrin monomer terminal second and third alkyne groups;
and,

forming a metalloporphyrin polymer attached to the substrate.

US Pat. No. 9,083,519

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ADAPTIVELY SELECTING A DECODING SCHEME TO DECODE EMBEDDED INFORMATION

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for selecting a decoding scheme to decode information comprising:
receiving a codeword that comprises multiple different types of symbols, wherein the codeword represents at least a first
message of a first information type embedded in a second message of a second information type;

determining a distribution pattern of symbols included in the codeword by counting occurrences of each of the multiple different
types of symbols in the codeword, wherein the distribution pattern indicates a number of occurrences for each of the different
types of symbols irrespective of an order of the symbols in the codeword;

comparing quantity of each symbol in the distribution pattern to one or more threshold settings, wherein the threshold settings
include at least comparing the quantity of at least a first symbol in the distribution pattern to a quantity of one or more
other symbols in the distribution pattern;

decoding, based at least upon a comparison result, the first message;
selecting a decoding scheme based on the decoded first message;
determining if more than one symbol has a greatest number of occurrences;
if more than one symbol has a greatest number of occurrences, combining a plurality of codebooks associated with the second
information type into a single codebook, wherein the plurality of codebooks may equal a number of symbols that have the greatest
number of occurrences;

searching the single codebook for a decoding codeword; and
decoding the second message using the decoding codeword.

US Pat. No. 9,047,226

COMPUTING DEVICE HAVING OPTIMIZED FILE SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR USE THEREIN

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A computing device, comprising:
a data interface configured to receive a continuous data stream containing streamed data;
a target memory having a plurality of clusters each having a plurality of sectors; and
a controller configured to write the streamed data into the target memory, wherein the streamed data are accumulated in an
accumulation buffer on the computing device until the streamed data reach a predetermined sector width whereupon the controller
is configured to write the sector-wide streamed data into one of the clusters having an available sector, and wherein the
controller is configured to detect that a first one of the clusters has no available sector and write the sector-wide streamed
data into a second one of the clusters identified using a cluster anchor stored in a cluster anchor store on the computing
device, wherein the computing device has companion caches each configured to store one sector of file management data associated
with streamed data received in the continuous data stream, wherein in response to a command to access file management data
the controller is configured to read the file management data from one of the companion caches when the file management data
are stored in one of the companion caches and read the file management data from the target memory when the file management
data are not stored in either one of the companion caches, and wherein the controller is configured to selectively replace
the sector of file management data stored in one of the companion caches when the file management data are not stored in either
one of the companion caches.

US Pat. No. 9,602,830

VIDEO DECODER WITH CONSTRAINED DYNAMIC RANGE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A decoder that decodes video comprising:
(a) said decoder receives a bitstream containing quantized coefficient level values representative of a block of video representative
of a plurality of pixels and a quantization parameter related to said block of video;

(b) a de-quantizer of said decoder de-quantizing said quantized coefficient level values based upon said quantized coefficient
level values, a transform block size and said quantization parameter when said quantized coefficient level values are within
a predefined range of acceptable values;

(c) said decoder inverse transforming said dequantized coefficients to determine a decoded residue;
(d) where the bitstream provided to said decoder includes a selective one of a plurality of available restrictions on the
permitted level allowed in the bitstream and the selective one is received from the bitstream and the restriction depends
on a source bit-depth; and

(e) a dynamic range of the dequantized coefficient level values is limited based on a desired range of output values of said
dequantizer of said decoder.

US Pat. No. 9,484,578

METHOD FOR THE SYNTHESIS OF METAL CYANOMETALLATES

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for synthesizing metal cyanometallate (MGM), the method comprising;
providing a first solution of AxM2y(CN)z;

where A is selected from a first group of metals including alkali metals, alkaline earth metals, silver (Ag) and aluminum
(Al)

where M2 is selected from a second group of metals including transition metals, tin (Sn), indium (In), calcium (Ca), magnesium
(Mg), strontium (Sr), and barium (Ba)

where X is in a range of 0 to 10;
where Y is in a range of 1 to 10;
where Z is in a range of 1 to 10;
dropwise adding a second solution including M1 to the first solution;
where M1 is selected from the second group of metals;
forming a precipitate of ANM1pM2Q(CN)R.FH2O;

where N is in a range of 1 to 4;
where P is less than or equal to 2;
where F is in a range of 0 to 20;
where Q is less than or equal to 2; and,
where R is less than or equal to 6.

US Pat. No. 9,450,224

SODIUM IRON(II)-HEXACYANOFERRATE(II) BATTERY ELECTRODE AND SYNTHESIS METHOD

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for synthesizing sodium iron(II)-hexacyanoferrate(II), the method comprising:
preparing a first solution including sodium ions;
mixing a Fe(CN)6 material with the first solution and a first element selected from the group consisting of an anti-oxidant and a reducing
agent;

forming sodium iron(II)-hexacyanoferrate(II)(Na1+XFe[Fe(CN)6]Z.MH2O),

where X and Z are each less than or equal to 1; and,
where M is in a range between 0 and 7.

US Pat. No. 9,157,757

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR MOBILE-AGENT NAVIGATION

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for autonomous navigation, said method comprising:
receiving a captured image;
scanning said captured image to detect a two-dimensional machine-readable code;
when a two-dimensional machine-readable code is detected:
extracting an encoded data from said detected, two-dimensional machine-readable code, wherein said extracted encoded data
comprises an identifying key;

using said identifying key, accessing a database to retrieve a plurality of data associated with said detected, two-dimensional
machine-readable code;

using said plurality of data, computing a world coordinate for each corner of said detected, two-dimensional machine-readable
code;

determining a corresponding image coordinate for said each corner;
using said world coordinate for said each corner and said corresponding image coordinate for said each corner, computing a
position and an orientation of a mobile agent relative to a landmark object associated with said two-dimensional machine-readable
code;

obtaining a position of a next landmark object;
computing a turning angle based on said position of said next landmark object and said position and said orientation of said
mobile agent relative to said landmark object associated with said two-dimensional machine-readable code;

executing a turn in accordance with said turning angle; and
driving toward said next landmark object.

US Pat. No. 9,091,812

ENERGY-EFFICIENT TRANSPARENT SOLAR FILM

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. An energy-efficient transparent solar film comprising:
a first film layer including metal nanostructures having plasmon resonances in wavelength bands selected from a first group
consisting of:

(a) wavelengths greater than visible wavelengths, and
(b) wavelengths both less than and greater than visible wavelengths,
the metal nanostructures having no plasmon resonance at visible wavelengths; and,
wherein the first film layer transmits incident light more efficiently in the visible wavelengths than in the first group
of wavelengths.

US Pat. No. 10,091,819

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR TIMESLOT STRUCTURE AND SYNCHRONIZATION IN LICENSED-ASSISTED ACCESS

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. An evolved NodeB (eNB) for transmitting signals in a Licensed-Assisted Access (LAA) serving cell, comprising:a processor; and
a memory in electronic communication with the processor, wherein instructions stored in the memory are executable by the processor to:
configure one or more unlicensed LAA cell from a licensed long term evolution (LTE) cell;
determine sizes for at least one of a minimum clear channel assessment (MCCA) slot, an initial clear channel assessment (ICCA) slot and a defer period,
wherein the MCCA slot is synchronized and has a size that is a fraction of an orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) symbol length, and lengths of the ICCA slot and defer period are multiples of a length of the MCCA slot,
wherein the length of the MCCA slot is ? of a Long Term Evolution (LTE) OFDM symbol, and the length of the ICCA slot is ½ of an LTE OFDM symbol;
determine a slot structure with a baseline MCCA slot of an unlicensed LAA cell;
align and adjust a length of at least one of the ICCA slot and the defer period of the LAA cell based on the baseline MCCA slot; and
synchronize and align baseline MCCA slots of multiple LAA cells managed by the eNB.

US Pat. No. 9,455,431

CYANOMETALLATE CATHODE BATTERY AND METHOD FOR FABRICATION

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for fabricating a cyanometallate cathode battery, the method comprising:
providing a cathode of AXM1YM2Z(CN)N.MH2O;

where “A” is selected from a first group of metals;
where M1 and M2 are selected from a second group of metals including transition metals;
where X is less than or equal to 2;

where Y is less than or equal to 1;

where Z is less than or equal to 1;

where N is less than or equal to 6;

where M is less than or equal to 20;

providing an anode;
proving a metal ion-permeable membrane separating the anode from the cathode;
providing a third electrode including “B” metal ions selected from the first group of metals;
intercalating “B” metal ions from the third electrode to an electrode selected from a group consisting of the anode, the cathode,
and both the anode and cathode;

forming a completely fabricated battery;
subsequent to forming the completely fabricated battery, discharging the battery in response to creating a battery external
voltage potential between the cathode and the anode; and,

forming a cathode of BDAX?M1YM2Z(CN)N.MH2O;

where D>0; and,

where X? is less than or equal to X.

US Pat. No. 9,431,655

ANTIOMONY AND LAYERED CARBON NETWORK BATTERY ANODE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. An anode in a sodium-ion electrochemical battery, the anode comprising:
a current collector;
a layered carbon network overlying the current collector, where the layered carbon network is a material selected from a group
consisting of graphite flakes or reconstituted graphene stacks;

antimony (Sb) particles embedded in the layered carbon network; and,
a conformal coating of carbon overlying the Sb particles, forming core-shell structures.

US Pat. No. 9,279,938

DUAL BAND COLOR FILTER

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

7. A dual and color filter comprising:
a first transparent medium having a first index of refraction;
a middle transparent medium having an index of refraction less that the first index of refraction;
a periodic arrangement of metallic dots formed in the middle transparent medium;
a second transparent medium having a second index of refraction greater than the middle index of refraction;
wherein first and second transparent mediums are independently selected from a group of materials consisting of silicon nitride,
aluminum oxide, and hafnium oxide; and,

wherein the middle transparent medium is selected from a group of materials consisting of silicon dioxide and magnesium fluoride.

US Pat. No. 9,198,299

ELECTROHYDRODYNAMIC (EHD) PRINTING FOR THE DEFECT REPAIR OF CONTACT PRINTED CIRCUITS

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for repairing defects in a contact printed circuit, the method comprising:
providing a substrate with a contact printed circuit formed on a substrate top surface;
detecting a discontinuity in a printed circuit feature;
applying a bias voltage to at least one of a first region of the printed circuit feature and a second region of the printed
circuit feature;

forming an electric field between the bias voltage and an ink delivery nozzle having a voltage potential less than the bias
voltage;

attracting conductive ink into the electric field from the ink delivery nozzle;
printing the conductive ink on the discontinuity;
forming a conductive printed bridge; and,
eliminating the discontinuity.

US Pat. No. 9,092,842

SYSTEM FOR DEFECT DETECTION AND REPAIR

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for identifying a defect in a liquid crystal device comprising:
(a) receiving an input image of a portion of said liquid crystal device;
(b) receiving a defect-free model image of said liquid crystal device, said defect free model image including manually appended
landmark labels that identify respective types of landmark structures of said model image; and

(c) identifying a defect, a defect position and a defect size based on identification of a color of an irregularly-shaped
region associated with said defect, using said defect-free model image, said landmark labels, and input image.

US Pat. No. 9,640,331

SOLID STATE DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL TANDEM MODULE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for forming a solid state dye-sensitized solar cell (ssDSC) tandem module, the method comprising:
forming a first panel as follows:
providing a transparent first substrate with a top surface;
forming a transparent conductive oxide (TCO) film overlying the first substrate patterned into a first plurality of TCO regions,
each region comprising a first zone, a second zone, and a third zone;

forming a first plurality of series-connected ssDSC cells overlying the first substrate top surface, each ssDSC cell comprising
a TCO film region, a dye-sensitized titanium oxide film overlying the TCO film first zone, and a solid state hole transport
material (ssHTM) film overlying the dye-sensitized titanium oxide film and a TCO film second zone of an adjacent ssDSC cell
preceding in electrical series in the first panel, and where preceding in electrical series refers to upstream with respect
to current flow in the first panel;

forming a second panel as follows:
providing a transparent second substrate with a bottom surface;
forming a TCO film overlying the second substrate patterned into a first plurality of TCO film regions, each region comprising
a first zone, a second zone, and a third zone;

forming a first plurality of series-connected ssDSC cells overlying the second substrate bottom surface, each ssDSC cell comprising
a TCO film region, a dye-sensitized titanium oxide film overlying the TCO film first zone, and a ssHTM film overlying the
dye-sensitized titanium oxide film and a TCO film second zone of an adjacent ssDSC cell preceding in electrical series in
the second panel;

forming a metal interconnect overlying the TCO film third zone of each ssDSC cell of the first and second panels;
forming an anisotropic conductive film (ACF) overlying each metal interconnect of the first panel ssDSC cells;
aligning each ACF to a corresponding metal interconnect of the second panel ssDSC cells;
binding the first panel to the second panel; and,
forming a ssDSC tandem module comprising a first plurality of series-connected tandem sections, where each tandem section
comprises a first panel ssDSC cell connected in parallel with an overlying second panel ssDSC cell.

US Pat. No. 9,385,370

TRANSITION METAL HEXACYANOFERRATE BATTERY WITH SINGLE PLATEAU CHARGE/DISCHARGE CURVE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A transition metal hexacyanoferrate (TMH) battery cathode comprising:
AxMn[Fe(CN)6]y.zH2O;

where A cations are selected from a group consisting of alkali and alkaline-earth cations;
where x is in a range of 1 to 2;
where y is in a range of 0.5 to 1;
where z is in a range of 0 to 3.5; and,
where the AxMnFe[(CN)6]y.zH2O has a rhombohedral crystal structure with Mn2+/3+ and Fe2+/3+ having the same reduction/oxidation potential.

US Pat. No. 10,110,846

COMPUTATIONALLY EFFICIENT FRAME RATE CONVERSION SYSTEM

SHARP LABORATORIES OF AME...

1. A method for frame rate conversion of a video in a digital video system comprising:(a) receiving a series of frames having a first frame rate;
(b) determining a set of sparse key points in a first frame of said series of frames;
(c) characterizing a plurality of said key points using a key point description extraction process that extracts at least one binary feature descriptor;
(d) matching each of said characterized plurality of said key points to characteristics of another frame of said series of frames using a matching process based upon the at least one binary feature descriptor;
(e) estimating a blended parametric motion model based upon the results of said matching process, including:
identification of an estimated parametric motion model of a dominant motion combined with a parametric motion model of at least one object;
(f) based upon said blended parametric motion model, computing a dense motion field;
(g) computing a new frame for said series of frames based upon said dense motion field for display with a digital video system.

US Pat. No. 9,811,743

TRACKING ROAD BOUNDARIES

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method of tracking a road boundary, comprising:
capturing a color image from a camera;
identifying a pair of regions of interest (ROI) in the color image on each side of a candidate boundary position;
extracting a color profile from each of the ROIs;
generating a weighted color difference score by comparing the color profiles and weighting a difference between the color
profiles based on a color similarity between colors in the color profiles; and

outputting a determination of a first detected boundary based upon the weighted color difference score; and
wherein the road boundary need not be painted to be detected.

US Pat. No. 9,448,684

METHODS, SYSTEMS AND APPARATUS FOR SETTING A DIGITAL-MARKING-DEVICE CHARACTERISTIC

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for setting a characteristic associated with a digital marking device, said method comprising:
detecting a digital-marking-device engagement of said digital marking device with a digital marking surface;
displaying, on said digital marking surface, a drawing-context touch-gesture proximity-zone indicator forming a perimeter
of a drawing-context touch-gesture proximity zone;

detecting a first touch gesture while said digital marking device remains engaged with said digital marking surface, wherein
said first touch gesture is detected within said drawing-context touch-gesture proximity zone, and said digital-marking-device
engagement and said first touch gesture are separate events;

interpreting said first touch gesture according to a drawing context;
modifying a drawing-context touch-gesture proximity zone indicator in response to detecting said first touch gesture;
setting said characteristic associated with said digital marking device according to said interpretation of said first touch
gesture; and

applying said characteristic to a first digital mark on said digital marking surface, wherein said applying effectuates a
change in a display characteristic, of said first digital mark, in accordance with said interpretation of said first touch
gesture.

US Pat. No. 9,252,328

THREE-DIMENSIONAL GALLIUM NITRIDE (GAN) PILLAR STRUCTURE LIGHT EMITTING DIODE (LED)

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A light emitting diode (LED) with three-dimensional gallium nitride (GaN) pillar structures having planar surfaces, the
LED comprising:
a substrate with a top surface having a plurality of first electrode digits formed in a first metal layer, and a plurality
of opposing second electrode digits formed in a second metal layer;

a plurality of GaN pillar structures, each GaN pillar structure bridging a gap between a first electrode digit and a corresponding
second electrode digit;

each GaN pillar structure comprising:
an n-doped GaN (n-GaN) pillar having a first end overlying a corresponding first electrode digit, a second end connected to
a corresponding second electrode digit, with at least one of the ends formed in a c-plane, and planar sidewalls perpendicular
to the c-plane, formed in a plane selected from a group consisting of an m-plane and a-plane family;

a multiple quantum well (NNW) layer overlying the n-GaN pillar sidewalls and the GaN pillar first end; and,
a layer of p-doped GaN (p-GaN) overlying the MQW layer.

US Pat. No. 9,167,469

COORDINATED MULTIPOINT (COMP) RADIO RESOURCE MANAGEMENT (RRM) MEASUREMENT

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method performed by a user equipment (UE), comprising:
receiving a measurement configuration from an evolved Node B (eNB), wherein the measurement configuration comprises a measurement
object in a carrier frequency and the measurement object comprises a set of channel state information reference signal (CSI-RS)
configurations;

performing a measurement based on a cell-specific reference signal (CRS);
performing a measurement based on a channel state information reference signal (CSI-RS) based on the measurement configuration;
generating a measurement report in a radio resource control (RRC) layer; and
sending the measurement report to the eNB.

US Pat. No. 9,460,490

IMAGE ENHANCEMENT USING SEMANTIC COMPONENTS

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method, using an image enhancement system, for determining a high resolution output image comprising:
(a) receiving a low resolution image having a first resolution;
(b) determining a first intermediate high resolution image having a second resolution based upon said low resolution image;
(c) determining a second intermediate high resolution image having a third resolution based upon said low resolution image;
(d) detecting semantic features of said second intermediate high resolution image and selecting corresponding semantic components
from a database based upon said detected semantic features;

(e) modifying said first intermediate high resolution image based upon information from said corresponding semantic components
to determine said high resolution output image having a fourth resolution.

US Pat. No. 9,317,893

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR CORRECTING A DOCUMENT IMAGE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for generating a corrected document image of an image of a document page, said method comprising:
displaying a document image on a touch-enabled-device display;
overlaying a rectangular-form mesh on said displayed document image;
receiving a plurality of corner points;
overlaying a corner-aligned mesh on said displayed document image;
receiving a touch displacement comprising an initial touch point and a final touch point;
determining a nearest intermediate control point, wherein said nearest intermediate control point is an intermediate control
point of an associated cubic Bezier curve, to said initial touch point;

adjusting an edge curve associated with said nearest intermediate control point based on said touch displacement;
generating an edge-aligned mesh based on said adjusted edge curve;
correcting a portion of said image of said document page corresponding to said edge-aligned mesh; and
generating a corrected document image, wherein said corrected document image comprises said corrected portion.

US Pat. No. 9,215,039

DEVICES FOR ENABLING HALF-DUPLEX COMMUNICATION

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A wireless communication device for enabling half-duplex communication, comprising:
a processor;
memory in electronic communication with the processor;
instructions stored in the memory, the instructions being executable to:
receive an indicator via at least one of the group consisting of radio resource control (RRC) signaling, a broadcast signal
and a synchronization signal;

determine a half-duplex frame structure with a regular uplink (UL) and downlink (DL) switching pattern and corresponding DL
and UL association timings based on the indicator, the half-duplex frame structure comprising at least one UL subframe group
including one or multiple consecutive UL subframes and at least one DL subframe group including one or multiple consecutive
DL subframes;

receive DL information in at least one of the DL subframes;
send UL information in at least one of the UL subframes;
determine an offset value;
apply the offset to a Physical Downlink Shared Channel (PDSCH) Hybrid Automatic Repeat Request Acknowledgement (HARQ-ACK)
association, to a Physical Uplink Shared Channel (PUSCH) scheduling association and to a PUSCH HARQ-ACK association; and

determine a DL subframe group and a UL subframe group pattern based on the offset applied to the PDSCH HARQ-ACK association,
the PUSCH scheduling association and the PUSCH HARQ-ACK association;

wherein the wireless communication device is a Machine-Type Communication (MTC) device.

US Pat. No. 9,558,532

JAGGED EDGE REDUCTION USING KERNEL REGRESSION

SHARP LABORATORIES OF AME...

1. A computer-implemented method comprising:
detecting edges in an image, including portions of the image that correspond to a jagged edge configuration;
selectively applying kernel regression to portions of the image that correspond to the jagged edge configuration; and
outputting a corrected image.

US Pat. No. 9,348,068

ENERGY GENERATING TRANSPARENT FILM

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. An energy-generating transparent (EGT) structure comprising:
a window pane, with an interior surface, an exterior surface, and an edge, the window pane transparent to visible and near-infrared
(NIR) wavelengths of light incident to the exterior surface;

a reflective structure, adjacent to the window pane interior surface, transparent to visible wavelengths of light, and reflecting
NIR wavelengths of light;

wherein the window pane internally guides NIR wavelengths of light, reflected back from the reflective structure, towards
the window pane edge;

wherein the reflective structure comprises:
a top film laver, underlying the window pane interior surface, transparent to visible and NIR wavelengths of light;
a bandpass layer non-planar structure, underlying the top film layer, transparent to visible wavelengths of light and reflective
to NIR wavelengths of light; and,

a bottom film layer, underlying the bandpass layer non-planar structure, transparent to visible and NIR wavelengths of light.

US Pat. No. 9,202,234

GLOBALLY ASSEMBLED, LOCALLY INTERPRETED CONDITIONAL DIGITAL SIGNAGE PLAYLISTS

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for displaying content items from a conditional playlist, comprising the steps of:
receiving at a digital signage deployment a global conditional playlist having multiple content items and an abstract observable
condition associated with each of multiple content items;

resolving by the deployment, using local context data, the global conditional playlist to a local conditional playlist having
the multiple content items and a measurable observable condition associated with each of the multiple content items, wherein
each of the abstract observable conditions is a qualitative condition whose quantitative meaning varies with local norms,
wherein each of the measurable observable conditions is a quantitative condition defining one of the abstract observable conditions
consistent with local norms at a location of the deployment, and wherein the local context data links ones of the abstract
observable conditions with ones of the measurable observable conditions;

collecting by the deployment local observational data;
selecting by the deployment a selected content item from the local conditional playlist based on conformance of the local
observational data with the measurable observable condition associated with the selected content item; and

displaying by the deployment the selected content item.

US Pat. No. 9,197,385

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DEMODULATION REFERENCE SIGNAL SELECTION

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. An evolved Node B (eNB) for demodulation reference signal (DMRS) selection, comprising:
a processor;
memory in electronic communication with the processor, wherein instructions stored in the memory are executable to:
determine a DMRS configuration;
determine downlink control information (DCI), wherein the DCI comprises signaling that indicates a modulation and coding scheme
(MCS) index and the MCS index is used to specify a modulation order and the DMRS configuration; and

send the DCI.

US Pat. No. 9,183,482

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DETERMINING AN ASSOCIATION OF A SET OF RADIO-FREQUENCY IDENTIFICATION TAGS

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A system comprising:
one or more shielding elements repositionable along a structure, the structure further comprising a set of one or more radio-frequency
identification (RFID) tags, wherein the one or more shielding elements effect the radio frequency (RF) transmissibility of
the set of one or more RFID tags thereby broadcasting differing identification tags based on shielding and un-shielding of
one or more of the set of one or more RFID tags via the one or more shielding elements;

a first computing device comprising a processor, wherein the processor is configured to: receive a set of one or more RFID
tags from the structure;

determine an association of the set of received one or more RFID tags with a unique identifier; and
assign a set of one or more attributes to the unique identifier based on the determined association of RFID tags; wherein
the set of one or more attributes are assigned based on a measured signal strength by the first computing device of the broadcasted
RF transmissibility of the set of one or more RFID tags; and

an image display device in communication with the first computing device, wherein the first computing device communicates
the assigned set of one or more attributes to the image display to determine a state of the structure and mechanical movements
of the one or more shielding elements related to the structure; and

obtain, using the first computing device, information pertaining to the state of the structure by determining a location of
the structure via tracking the set of one or more RFID tags in relation to the image display device.

US Pat. No. 9,094,208

USER IDENTITY MANAGEMENT AND AUTHENTICATION IN NETWORK ENVIRONMENTS

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method comprising:
sending, by a first node of a first computing device associated with a first proprietary security model to a first node of
a second computing device associated with a second proprietary security model wherein the second proprietary security model
is different than the first proprietary security model, a set of authentication information;

determining, by a second node of the second computing device, a globally unique identifier associated with the set of authentication
information based on the second node of the second computing device authenticating the set of authentication information;

sending, by the second node of the second computing device to the first node of the first computing device, the determined
globally unique identifier;

determining, by the first node of the first computing device, a set of properties associated with the set of authentication
information based on the determined globally unique identifier;

establishing a trust relationship between a second node of the first computing device associated with the first proprietary
security model and the second node of the second computing device associated with the second proprietary security model based
on the determined set of properties;

establishing, by the second node of the first computing device, a communication channel to a third node of the second computing
device, wherein the communication channel is established based on if the trust relationship was established successfully;
and

accessing, by the second node of the first computing device associated with the first proprietary security model, a set of
resources on the third node of the second computing device via the established communication channel and based on the globally
unique identifier associated with the set of authentication information.

US Pat. No. 9,069,361

THERMOSTAT WITH SET POINT RANGE FEEDBACK

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A thermostat control system with set point ranging analysis, the system comprising:
an energy consumption device having an input to accept an energy resource, an input to accept consumption commands, and an
output to supply a controlled temperature medium;

a sensor having an output to supply a temperature measurement responsive to the temperature medium;
a thermostat user interface (UI) to accept a temperature set point input from a user, and to present a set point range, where
the set point range is a range of permitted sensor temperature measurement variations from the set point input;

a processor;
a non-transitory memory;
an energy management application stored as a sequence of software instructions in the memory and executed by the processor
for managing the energy consumption device and the thermostat UI, the energy management application supplying the set point
range to the thermostat UI in response to analyzing the set point input and the sensor temperature measurement;

wherein the thermostat UI includes:
a major thermostat scale for presenting a current temperature and an overall range of feasible temperatures;
a high temperature set point input with respect to the major thermostat scale;
a low temperature set point indictor indicating the low temperature set point input with respect to the major thermostat scale;
a first minor thermostat scale for presenting the high temperature set point range, bracketing the high temperature set point
indicator with a maximum temperature value representing a highest temperature in the high temperature set point range, and
a minimum temperature value representing a lowest temperature in the high temperature set point range; and,

a second minor thermostat scale for presenting the low temperature set point range, bracketing the low temperature set point
indicator with a maximum temperature value representing a highest temperature in the low temperature set point range, and
a minimum temperature value representing a lowest temperature in the low temperature set point range.

US Pat. No. 10,048,768

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETERMINING INPUT MOVEMENT

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. An electronic device for detecting input movement, comprising:a processor configured to:
obtain an acceleration signal from a finger-mounted device;
obtain a rotation signal from the finger-mounted device; and
determine an input movement based on at least one peak amplitude of at least one of the acceleration signal and the rotation signal;
determine whether a directional movement is detected based on at least one of the acceleration signal and the rotation signal and, when a sideways movement is detected, the processor determining whether the direction of sideways movement is left or right;
determining whether a positive peak amplitude of the acceleration signal is greater than a positive peak threshold and determining whether a negative peak amplitude of the acceleration signal is less than a negative peak threshold; and
determining an order of peak amplitudes, wherein the direction of sideways movement is determined by whether a positive peak amplitude occurs before a negative peak amplitude or a negative peak amplitude occurs before a positive peak amplitude.

US Pat. No. 9,894,177

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DEVICE MANAGEMENT USING A SOCIAL NETWORK

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for managing a social network of devices, the method comprising:
providing a non-transitory memory, a network interface, and a social network with a bulletin board enabled as a software application
with a sequence of processor instructions stored in the memory;

at least two local devices, network-connected with the memory, creating device user accounts in the social network;
in response to creating the device user accounts, each local device populating a device user profile listing device characteristics,
where the device user profile is not associated with a human user profile;

a central server accessing the device user profiles in the social network;
the central server cross-referencing device user profiles to a first device characteristic;
the central server sending instructions to perform a device function via the social network to selected local devices matching
the first device characteristic, where the instructions are sent without human interaction, and in a natural human language;

the central server receiving responses to the instructions in the natural human language via the social network from the selected
local devices,

a user interface (UI), associated with a first local device and a human user account, accepting a command, formatted in the
natural human language, for functions to be performed; and,

a second local device having a device user account performing the functions in response to a scenario selected from a group
consisting of:

the first local device posting the task on the social network bulletin board in the natural human language, and the second
local device accessing the social network bulletin board;

the first local device accessing a social network database of local devices cross-referenced to device characteristics, determining
that the second local device is capable of performing the functions, and sending instructions in the natural human language
via the social network to second local device for the functions to be performed; or,

the first local device posting the instructions on the social network bulletin board in the natural human language, the central
server accessing the posted instructions and then accessing the social network database of local devices cross-referenced
to device characteristics, determining that the second local device is capable of performing the functions, and sending the
instructions via the social network to second local device.

US Pat. No. 9,598,283

SYNTHESIS METHOD FOR CONTROLLING ANTIMONY SELENIDE NANOSTRUCTURE SHAPES

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for controlling the shape of antimony selenide (Sb2Se3) nanostructures, the method comprising:
providing antimony (III) salt;
dissolving the antimony (III) salt in a first amount of carboxylic acid, forming an antimony precursor;
dissolving selenourea in oleylamine, forming a selenium precursor;
combining the antimony precursor with the selenium precursor to form a first solution;
causing a reaction;
quenching the reaction with a solvent having a low boiling point; and,
in response to quenching the reaction in the first solution, forming antimony selenide nanorods, having a length in a range
of 150-200 nanometers (nm) and a diameter in a range of 20 to 30 nm.

US Pat. No. 9,537,131

BATTERY ANODE WITH PRELOADED METALS

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for fabricating an anode preloaded with consumable metals, the method comprising:
providing a material (X) selected from the group consisting of carbon, metals able to be electrochemically alloyed with a
metal (Me), intercalation oxides, electrochemically active organic compounds, and combinations of the above-listed materials;

loading the metal (Me) into the material (X), where Me is selected from the group consisting of alkali metals, alkaline earth
metals, terbium (Tb), silver (Ag), aluminum (Al) and combinations thereof;

forming a preloaded anode comprising Me/X for use in a battery comprising a M1YM2Z(CN)N.MH2O cathode;

where M1 and M2 are independently selected from the group consisting of transition metals, calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg);
where Y is less than or equal to 1;
where Z is less than or equal to 1;
where N is less than or equal to 6;
where M is less than or equal to 20;
wherein loading the metal (Me) into the material (X) includes using an electrochemical reaction as follows:
forming an electrode of X and a counter electrode of Me, both inserted into an electrolyte;
performing a plurality of charge and discharge operations, where the charge operation uses an external current source to create
a positive voltage potential from the electrode to the counter electrode, and where the discharge operation connects an external
load between the electrode and counter electrode;

in response to the charge and discharge operations, inserting Me particles into the material (X); and,
wherein forming the preloaded anode includes forming a Me/X compound, where Me is chemically reacted with X.

US Pat. No. 9,531,002

TRANSITION METAL CYANOMETALLATE CATHODE BATTERY WITH METAL PLATING ANODE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A transition metal cyanometallate (TMCM) cathode battery with a metal plating anode, the battery comprising:
a TMCM cathode comprising AXM1NM2MN(CN)Y.d(H2O),

where “A” is selected from a group of alkali or alkaline earth metals;
where M1 and M2 are transition metals;
where X is in a range of 0 to 4;
where N is in a range of 0 to 2;
where M is in a range of 0 to 2;
where Y is in a range of 1 to 6;
where d is in a range of 0 to 14;
a non-aqueous electrolyte; and,
an anode comprising a plating surface, configured such that no “A” metal overlying the plating surface when the battery is
in the discharged state.

US Pat. No. 9,406,919

METAL CYANOMETALLATE ELECTRODE WITH SHIELD STRUCTURE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A shielded metal cyanometallate electrode comprising:
an electrically conductive current collector;
a plurality of metal cyanometallate layers overlying the current collector, as follows:
at least one active layer comprising more than 50 wt % of an active material AXM1YM2Z(CN)N·MH2O;

where “A” is selected from a first group of metals;
where M1 and M2 are transition metals;
where X is less than or equal to 6;
where Y is less than or equal to 4;
where Z is less than or equal to 4;
where N is less than or equal to 10;
where M is less than or equal to 20; and,
at least one shield layer, comprising less than 50 percent by weight (wt %) active material, adjacent to active layer.

US Pat. No. 9,153,965

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ENERGY STORAGE MANAGEMENT

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for efficiently managing energy consumption using stored energy, the method comprising:
accepting input energy;
maintaining a record of energy consumption, including cross-referencing energy consumption to days in a billing period and
cross-referencing energy consumption to parameters selected from a group consisting of a period of time, time of day, day
of week, season, month, weather, current energy generation, previous energy generation, current consumption, weather predictions,
input energy costs, input energy cost changes, previous peak shaving values, previous energy tier consumption, and combinations
of the above-mentioned parameters;

predicting an energy consumption peak associated with a selected parameter in response to analyzing the record of energy consumption,
and predicting a plurality of energy consumption peaks over the course of the billing period;

determining an energy storage equipment cycling penalty associated with energy storage equipment wear;
augmenting input energy with stored energy during the predicted energy consumption peaks as follows:
selecting a unique peak shaving value associated with each selected parameter, and associated with each energy consumption
peak in the billing period in response to the determined energy storage equipment cycling penalty, and based on a fraction
of the predicted energy consumption peak; and,

using the stored energy when energy consumption exceeds the peak shaving value in response to an analysis of a predicted value
of the stored energy.

US Pat. No. 9,811,238

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR INTERACTING WITH A DIGITAL MARKING SURFACE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for deactivating a content-manipulative ink tool pending on a digital marking-surface system, the method comprising:
receiving an ink unit on a digital marking surface of the digital marking-surface system;
determining whether the ink unit is of a shape associated with a deactivation ink tool; and
when the ink unit is of a shape associated with a deactivation ink tool:
identifying preexisting ink-unit content, wherein the preexisting ink-unit content:
is intersected by the ink unit;
graphically indicates, on the digital marking surface, intersected handwritten ink content provisionally to be manipulated
via the content-manipulative ink tool;

is defined by a motion of a digital marking device along the digital marking surface between a digit-down-action or pen-down-action
location and a digit-up-action or pen-up-action location of the digital marking device;

is associated with the content-manipulative ink tool, wherein the content-manipulative ink tool is configured to, in response
to receiving a selection of an item from the content-manipulative ink tool, modify the intersected content; and

is displayed concurrently with the ink unit on the digital marking surface;
determining whether a user-input solicitation mechanism offering selection for the content-manipulative ink tool is displayed
as a menu on the digital marking surface in conjunction with the preexisting ink-unit content; and

when a user-input solicitation mechanism offering selection for the content-manipulative ink tool is displayed as a menu on
the digital marking surface in conjunction with the preexisting ink-unit content:

canceling the user-input solicitation mechanism; and
deactivating the content-manipulative ink tool.

US Pat. No. 9,735,444

HARD CARBON COMPOSITE FOR ALKALI METAL-ION BATTERIES

Oregon State University, ...

1. A method for fabricating a graphene-doped, carbohydrate-derived hard carbon composite material for alkali metal-ion batteries,
the method comprising:
providing graphene oxide (GO) dispersed in an aqueous solution;
dissolving a carbohydrate into the aqueous solution;
removing water to create a precipitate;
dehydrating the precipitate;
exposing the precipitate to a thermal treatment; and,
forming a graphene-doped carbohydrate-derived hard carbon (G-HC) composite.

US Pat. No. 9,325,998

WIRELESS VIDEO TRANSMISSION SYSTEM

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for transmitting data from a transmitter that transmits data received from an input to said transmitter, said
method comprising:
(a) defining a first average rate to transmit a first plurality of packets of said data for presentation to a user at a receiver;
(b) defining a second average rate to transmit a second plurality of packets of said data comprising a subset of said first
plurality of packets, wherein said second plurality of packets is less than said first plurality of packets, wherein said
second average rate is greater than said first average rate;

(c) said transmitter, at an automatically-selected time, automatically and without regard to any change in the rate of data
received through said input, increasing the rate of transmission to said receiver of said second plurality of packets over
a wireless interconnection to said second average rate; and

(d) estimating the bandwidth of said wireless interconnection based on respective arrival times, at said receiver, of only
those ones of said first plurality of packets for presentation to said user at said receiver that are included in said second
plurality of packets.

US Pat. No. 9,307,251

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR DETERMINING DATA-ADAPTIVE WEIGHTS FOR MOTION ESTIMATION IN A VIDEO SEQUENCE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for determining data-adaptive weights in a motion
estimation system, said method comprising:
selecting, in a computing system associated with a motion estimation system, a size of a local analysis window based on a
local structural variation in a current image and a noise estimate associated with said current image;

receiving a plurality of image pixel values associated with said local analysis window in said current image;
identifying a window-center image pixel value associated with a window center location in said local analysis window;
calculating a weight associated with a first location in said local analysis window based on a difference between said window-center
image pixel value and an image pixel value associated with said first location; and

performing gradient-based motion estimation using said weight to estimate a motion vector at said window center location.

US Pat. No. 9,159,502

SUPERCAPACITOR WITH HEXACYANOMETALLATE CATHODE, ACTIVATED CARBON ANODE, AND NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for fabricating a supercapacitor, the method comprising:
providing dried hexacyanometallate particles having a chemical formula AmM1xM2y(CN)6•pH2O with a Prussian Blue hexacyanometallate crystal structure, wherein A-ions are deinserted and inserted, respectively, during
supercapacitor charge and discharge cycling;

where A is selected from a group consisting of alkali and alkaline-earth cations;
where M1 is a metal selected from a group consisting of 2+ and 3+ valance positions;
where M2 is a metal selected from a group consisting of 2+ and 3+ valance positions;
where m is in a range of 0.5 to 2;
where x is in a range of 0.5 to 1.5;
where y is in a range of 0.5 to 1.5;
where p is in a range of 0 to 6;
mixing the hexacyanometallate particles with a binder and electronic conductor powder;
forming a cathode comprising AmM1xM2y(CN)6•pH2O;

forming an activated carbon anode capable of physically adsorbing and deadsorbing cations, respectively, during supercapacitor
charge and discharge cycling;

forming a membrane separating the cathode from the anode, permeable to A and A? cations; and,
adding a non-aqueous electrolyte with a metal salt including A? cations.

US Pat. No. 9,124,899

MOTION DERIVATION AND CODING FOR SCALING VIDEO

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A system, comprising:
an electronic device of a decoder, the electronic device configured to:
receive a first layer bitstream;
receive a second enhancement layer bitstream corresponding to the first layer bitstream;
wherein the second enhancement layer bitstream is dependent on the first layer bitstream;
determine whether a motion vector infer control signal in the second enhancement layer bitstream is equal to a predetermined
value;

responsive to determining that the motion vector infer control signal in the second enhancement layer bitstream is equal to
the predetermined value, decode a current prediction unit of the second enhancement layer bitstream using a motion vector
derived from a motion vector of the first layer bitstream; and

responsive to determining that the motion vector infer control signal in the second enhancement layer bitstream is not equal
to said predetermined value, construct a motion vector predictor list derived from the second enhancement layer bitstream
and use the motion vector predictor list for the current prediction unit of the second enhancement layer bitstream.

US Pat. No. 9,094,617

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR REAL-TIME IMAGE-CAPTURE FEEDBACK

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for image acquisition, said method comprising:
obtaining a preview-frame image;
extracting a first image feature from said preview-frame image, wherein said extracting said first image feature comprises:
determining a top-boundary line of a document region;
determining a bottom-boundary line of said document region;
determining a left-boundary line of said document region;
determining a right-boundary line of said document region;
determining a horizontal vanishing point;
determining a vertical vanishing point;
determining a first distance between said horizontal vanishing point and a center point associated with the center of said
preview-frame image; and

determining a second distance between said vertical vanishing point and said center point;
interpreting said first image feature in relation to a first acquisition factor; and
rendering an overlaid preview-frame image comprising a first cue associated with said first acquisition feature.

US Pat. No. 9,807,397

SYSTEM FOR POWER ALLOCATION

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A battery powered device including power management comprising:
(a) a display;
(b) a processor;
(c) a video decoder that decodes a bitstream;
(d) a networking circuit;
(e) a power allocation system in said decoder that, independent of prior changes in said bitstream through said decoder, selectively
lowers power usage by dropping frames using one of a plurality of predetermined patterns automatically selected by said decoder,
each of said plurality of patterns stored in memory accessible to said decoder and drop frames when selected for use by said
decoder, where selection of one of said plurality of predetermined patterns prevents the use of each other of said plurality
of predetermined patterns while the selected one said plurality of predetermined patterns is used to drop frames.

US Pat. No. 9,734,566

IMAGE ENHANCEMENT USING SEMANTIC COMPONENTS

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. An image enhancement system for determining a high resolution output image comprising:
(a) receiving unit for receiving a low resolution image having a first resolution;
(b) determining unit for determining a first intermediate high resolution image having a second resolution based upon said
low resolution image, where the second resolution is greater than the first resolution;

(c) determining unit for determining a second intermediate high resolution image having a third resolution based upon said
low resolution image, where said third resolution is greater than said first resolution;

(d) detecting unit for detecting semantic features of said second intermediate high resolution image and selecting corresponding
semantic components from a database based upon said detected semantic features;

(e) modifying unit for modifying said first intermediate high resolution image based upon information from said corresponding
semantic components to determine said high resolution output image having a fourth resolution, where the fourth resolution
is greater than the first resolution.

US Pat. No. 9,666,866

TRANSITION METAL HEXACYANOMETALLATE ELECTRODE WITH WATER-SOLUBLE BINDER

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A transition metal hexacyanometallate (TMHCM) electrode with water-soluble binder, the electrode comprising:
a current collector;
a TMHCM active material overlying the current collector;
exclusively water-soluble materials binding the TMHCM material to the current collector.

US Pat. No. 9,627,437

PATTERNED PHOSPHORS IN THROUGH HOLE VIA (THV) GLASS

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A direct-emission display panel comprising:
a substrate with a top surface and a bottom surface, wherein the substrate includes a plurality of through-hole vias (THVs)
aligned in a plurality of parallel rows, wherein each THV exhibits a first diameter;

a color phosphor material filling a first subset of the plurality of THVs;
a film overlying the top surface of the substrate, wherein the film includes a plurality of wells, wherein each well of the
plurality of wells is aligned in a row and exposes a corresponding one of the plurality of THVs, and wherein each well exhibits
a second diameter that is greater than the first diameter; and

a plurality of light emitting diode (LED) disks, wherein a respective one of the plurality of LED disks is situated in each
well of the plurality of wells, wherein each LED disk of the plurality of LED disks exhibits a disk diameter that is both
greater than the first diameter and less than the second diameter.

US Pat. No. 9,531,003

SODIUM IRON(II)-HEXACYANOFERRATE(II) BATTERY ELECTRODE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A sodium iron(II)-hexacyanoferrate(II) battery electrode, the battery electrode comprising:
a current collector;
sodium iron(II)-hexacyanoferrate(II) (Na1+XFe[Fe(CN)6]Z.MH2O) overlying the current collector,

where X and Z are each less than or equal to 1; and,
where M is in a range of 0 to 7.

US Pat. No. 9,450,681

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR WIRELESS TRANSMISSION OF QUATERNIONS

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

3. The system of claim 2, wherein the fixed bit length format further comprises sign bit positions.

US Pat. No. 9,208,770

NOISE EVENT SUPPRESSION FOR MONITORING SYSTEM

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for suppressing noise events in a signal waveform having a plurality of samples, comprising:
acquiring by a monitoring system the waveform;
selecting by the monitoring system from the plurality of samples a focal sample;
determining algorithmically by the monitoring system from the plurality of samples a discrete sample earlier than the focal
sample and a discrete sample later than the focal sample that are noncontiguous with the focal sample;

determining by the monitoring system whether the focal sample has an initial amplitude greater than an amplitude of the discrete
earlier sample and greater than an amplitude of the discrete later sample;

reducing by the monitoring system the initial focal sample amplitude to a reduced focal sample amplitude between the earlier
and later sample amplitudes in response to determining that the initial focal sample amplitude is greater than the earlier
and later sample amplitudes, and

outputting by the monitoring system data determined using the waveform;
wherein the first determining step comprises identifying a current sample group consisting of the focal sample, one or more
samples earlier than the focal sample that are contiguous with the focal sample and one or more samples later than the focal
sample that are contiguous with the focal sample;

identifying an earlier sample group consisting of the discrete earlier sample and two or more additional samples that are
earlier than the current sample group;

identifying a later sample group consisting of the discrete later sample and two or more additional samples that are later
than the current sample group;

determining that the discrete earlier sample is a median amplitude sample of the earlier sample group; and
determining that the discrete later sample is a median amplitude sample of the later sample group.

US Pat. No. 9,082,700

ULTRAVIOLET TREATMENT OF METAL OXIDE ELECTRODES

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. An ultraviolet treatment method for a metal oxide electrode, the method comprising:
providing a metal oxide electrode;
supplying a humid environment;
in the humid environment, exposing the metal oxide electrode surface to an ultraviolet (UV) light source;
subsequent to exposing the metal oxide electrode to the UV light source in the humid environment, treating the metal oxide
electrode with a photosensitizer dye having at least one anchor group, where the anchor group is a chemical group capable
of promoting communication between the photosensitizer dye and the metal oxide electrode; and,

binding the photosensitizer dye to a surface of the metal oxide electrode via the anchor group.

US Pat. No. 9,972,763

BI-STABLE MEMS CANTILEVER HEAT HARVESTER

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A bi-stable micro-electrical mechanical system (MEMS) heat harvester, the heat harvester comprising:a hot temperature surface having a first temperature;
a cold temperature surface having a second temperature less than the first temperature;
a bi-stable MEMS cantilever located in a cavity between the hot temperature surface and the cold temperature surface, having a first end and a second end, the bi-stable MEMS cantilever comprising:
a first MEMS material layer, having a first coefficient of thermal expansion, separated from the hot temperature surface by a first air gap;
a second MEMS material layer in contact with the first MEMS material layer, having a second coefficient of thermal expansion less than the first coefficient of thermal expansion, separated from the cold temperature surface by a second air gap;
a tensioner made from a material having a tensile stress greater than a stress of the first MEMS material layer or the second MEMS material layer, connected to the cantilever;
an anchor securing the first end of the bi-stable MEMS cantilever, made from a material having a thermal conductivity lower than a thermal conductivity of the first MEMS material layer and tensioner material; and,
a mechanical-to-electrical power converter.

US Pat. No. 9,755,110

SUBSTRATE WITH TOPOLOGICAL FEATURES FOR STEERING FLUIDIC ASSEMBLY LED DISKS

SHARP LABORATORIES of AME...

1. A fluidic assembly direct-emission display panel comprising:
a substrate with a planar top surface and interconnect pads aligned in a plurality of rows;
a first film disposed over the top surface of the substrate, wherein the first film includes a plurality of wells, and wherein
each of the plurality of wells exposes a corresponding ones of the interconnect pads; and

a second film disposed over the first film, wherein the second film includes at least one steering feature surrounding two
or more of the plurality of wells.

US Pat. No. 9,699,722

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR WIRELESS POWER MANAGEMENT

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A wireless access point, comprising:
a processor; and
memory in electronic communication with the processor, wherein instructions stored in the memory are executable to:
receive a sleep state command from a central controller, wherein the central controller transmits the sleep state command
based on a minimum amount of time before which an autonomous vehicle could be within range of the wireless access point, wherein
the minimum amount of time is determined based on a maximum speed of the autonomous vehicle and possible transit routes of
the autonomous vehicle;

enter a sleep state for a sleep period; and
transition to an active state upon expiration of the sleep period.

US Pat. No. 9,665,383

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR INTERACTING WITH AN IMAGING DEVICE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for remote interaction with an imaging device, said method comprising:
at an imaging device, receiving, from a remote computing device, a first HTTP request for an interface image, where said imaging
device is capable of performing a function selected from the group consisting of printing, scanning, publishing, media-duplication,
filing, displaying, faxing, and combinations thereof;

obtaining a first interface image associated with an interface on said imaging device, wherein: said first interface image
represents a functional replica of said interface at a first time associated with receipt of said first HTTP request for an
interface image; said first interface image corresponds to a state of said interface at said first time; said first interface
image comprises an image corresponding to a plurality of portions of said imaging device required for said remote computing
device to interface with said imaging device; and said interface on said imaging device allows said remote computing device
to control an imaging device function;

sending said first interface image from said imaging device to said remote computing device, wherein said sending said first
interface image comprises a first HTTP response to said first HTTP request;

obtaining a second interface image associated with said interface, wherein said second interface image represents a functional
replica of said interface at a second time associated with receipt of a first interaction indicator; and

sending said second interface image from said imaging device to said remote computing device.

US Pat. No. 9,625,908

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR MOBILE-AGENT NAVIGATION

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

10. A mobile agent comprising:
a camera for capturing an image;
a control component; and
a non-transitory computer-readable medium encoded with a computer program code for implementing a method for autonomous navigation,
said method comprising:

performing landmark detection on said captured image, thereby identifying one or more detected landmark objects;
computing a distance and a bearing for each detected landmark object in said one or more detected landmark objects;
selecting a nearest landmark object, from said one or more detected landmark objects, using said computed distances;
computing a mobile-age speed control value and a mobile-agent steering control value for said nearest landmark object using
said computed distance for said nearest landmark object and said computed bearing for said nearest landmark object; and

sending said mobile-agent speed control value and said mobile-agent steering control value to said control component.

US Pat. No. 9,602,762

FALLBACK IN FRAME RATE CONVERSION SYSTEM

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for frame rate conversion of a video comprising:
(a) receiving a plurality of frames of said video;
(b) detecting a low quality of a received frame of said video;
(c) determining an interpolated frame of said video temporally proximate said frame of said video based upon said detecting
said low quality of said received frame;

(d) wherein said determining said interpolated frame of said video temporally proximate said frame of said video is based
upon a reliability factor of motion vectors of said frame;

(e) wherein said determining said interpolated frame based upon said reliability factor of said motion vectors is selectively
used to (1) determine pixels of said interpolated frame using said motion vectors when said reliability factor of said motion
vectors of said frame is sufficiently high, and (2) not determine said pixels of said interpolated frame using said motion
vectors when said reliability factor of said motion vectors of said frame is not said sufficiently high.

US Pat. No. 9,537,616

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR SUBFRAME OFFSET

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

7. A user equipment (UE) for performing Long Term Evolution (LTE) device-to-device (D2D) proximity service (ProSe), comprising:
a processor;
memory in electronic communication with the processor, wherein instructions stored in the memory are executable to:
determine a duplex method of each serving cell;
determine that device-to-device (D2D) proximity service (ProSe) is configured on at least one serving cell;
determine a D2D resource allocation based on a subframe bitmap;
determine a subframe offset;
determine physical downlink shared channel (PDSCH) Hybrid Automatic Repeat Request Acknowledgement/Negative Acknowledgement
(HARQ-ACK/NACK) transmission timing for a serving cell configured with D2D service;

send PDSCH HARQ-ACK/NACK information based on the PDSCH HARQ-ACK/NACK transmission timing; and
perform D2D service on the subframes indicated by the D2D subframe bitmap,
wherein for an FDD cell with ProSe, the instructions are further executable to apply a downlink (DL)-reference uplink/downlink
(UL/DL) configuration to an uplink (UL) carrier, wherein FDD-TDD carrier aggregation (CA) timing is used for PDSCH HARQ-ACK/NACK
reporting, and wherein the D2D subframe bitmap is configured so that the D2D resources are from UL subframes that are not
indicated as UL subframes in the DL-reference UL/DL configuration.

US Pat. No. 9,537,192

BATTERY WITH LOW TEMPERATURE MOLTEN SALT (LTMS) CATHODE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A battery with a low temperature molten salt (LTMS) cathode, the battery comprising:
an anode configured to accept and release metal-ions;
a cathode comprising:
an active material exclusively formed from a LTMS having a liquid phase at a temperature of less than 150° C.;
a cathode current collector submerged in the LTMS;
a metal-ion permeable separator interposed between the LTMS and the anode; and,
wherein the LTMS is, simultaneously with being the cathode active material, an electrolyte transporting metal-ions from the
separator to the current collector.

US Pat. No. 9,521,483

WEARABLE PHYSIOLOGICAL ACOUSTIC SENSOR

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A wearable physiological acoustic sensor, comprising:
a plaster having a top layer and a bottom layer; and
an acoustic sensing component assembly including a component housing having a ceiling, a wall and a floor having a flange
held between the top layer and the bottom layer, and further including a component stack embedded in the component housing
having a body microphone configured to collect airborne body sounds received through an opening in the floor and in the bottom
layer and an environmental microphone configured to collect environmental sounds received through an opening in the ceiling.

US Pat. No. 9,497,387

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR INTER-LAYER IMAGE PREDICTION SIGNALING

SHARP LABORATORIES OF AME...

1. A method for predicting an image, the method comprising:
receiving a high-level prediction message defining prediction data for a plurality of image elements wherein the message disables
transmission of element-specific prediction data for individual image elements;

receiving high dynamic range (HDR) image data for the plurality of image elements, the HDR image data comprising HDR residual
image blocks; and

predicting the plurality of image elements using data from the high-level prediction message.

US Pat. No. 9,452,630

PRINTED INK STRUCTURE USING FLUOROPOLYMER TEMPLATE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A printed ink structure with a controlled horizontal cross-sectional area, the printed ink structure comprising:
a substrate;
a fluoropolymer template overlying the substrate, the fluoropolymer template having a horizontal first cross-sectional dimension
with a concave top surface; and,

a primary ink structure overlying the fluoropolymer template having a horizontal second cross-sectional dimension less than
the first cross-sectional dimension.

US Pat. No. 9,390,342

METHODS, SYSTEMS AND APPARATUS FOR CORRECTING PERSPECTIVE DISTORTION IN A DOCUMENT IMAGE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for correcting perspective distortion in a camera-captured document image, said method comprising:
receiving a camera-captured document image in a processor;
estimating horizontal vanishing information for said camera-captured document image;
estimating vertical vanishing information for said camera-captured document image;
performing corner detection on said camera-captured document image, thereby identifying a plurality of corner points in said
camera-captured document image;

performing quadrilateral-boundary detection using a result of said corner detection and said horizontal vanishing information
and said vertical vanishing information, thereby identifying a first bounding quadrilateral, wherein a number of corner points,
in said plurality of corner points, encompassed by said first bounding quadrilateral meets a first criterion;

determining a first plurality of geometric rectification quality measure values associated with said first bounding quadrilateral;
selecting a rectification hypothesis based on said first plurality of geometric rectification quality measure values;
determining a rectified-image size using said selected rectification hypothesis; and
when said selected rectification hypothesis is not a hypothesis associated with a normal pose, rectifying said camera-captured
document image using said selected rectification hypothesis, thereby producing a corrected document image.

US Pat. No. 9,053,391

SUPERVISED AND SEMI-SUPERVISED ONLINE BOOSTING ALGORITHM IN MACHINE LEARNING FRAMEWORK

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. An automated method for classification of samples performed by a processing device, said method comprising:
(a) providing to said processing device a trained statistical model based upon a set of initial samples;
(b) said processing device receiving a first set of samples, wherein each of said first set of samples includes a label thereof
provided by a user indicating characteristics of each of said first set of samples, and each of said labels thereof includes
an appended respective confidence measure provided by said user to the label of each labeled said sample;

(c) said processing device training a first statistical model based upon selective ones of said first set of samples having
a respective said appended confidence measure above a threshold, said first statistical model being of the same class as said
trained statistical model;

(d) said processing device receiving a second set of samples that do not include a label thereof indicating characteristics
of each of said second set of samples provided by said user and do not include for each of said labels an appended respective
confidence measure provided by said user and updating said first statistical model based on said second set of samples;

(e) said processing device training a second statistical model based upon said second set of samples, said second statistical
model being of the same class as said trained statistical model;

(f) wherein said trained statistical model, said first statistical model, and said second statistical model, are independent
of each other and collectively used by said processing device to classify another sample.

US Pat. No. 10,054,447

LAZIER GRAPH-BASED PATH PLANNING FOR AUTONOMOUS NAVIGATION

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A navigation method comprising:receiving data modeling an environment to be traversed, the data representing one or more obstacles within the environment;
defining a navigation graph structure corresponding to the environment, wherein the navigation graph structure is a lattice, the navigation graph structure including a beginning node B and a goal node G;
including the beginning node B in an open-node set O;
selecting, from the open-node set O, a node S of lowest cost;
if S differs from the goal node G, then determining whether the navigation graph structure includes a node N neighboring S, where N is not already included in the open-node set O;
if the navigation graph structure includes the node N, then determining whether N is obstacle-free and determining whether an edge E connecting N and S is obstacle-free, and, if both N and E are obstacle-free, then inserting N into the navigation graph, generating and inserting E into the navigation graph, updating a cost of N, including N in the open-node set O, and returning to said determining whether the navigation graph structure includes a node N;
if the navigation graph structure includes no node N neighboring S, where N is not already included in O, then excluding S from the open-node set O, including S in a closed-node set C, and returning to said selecting a node S of lowest cost;
if S coincides with the goal node G, then finding an optimal path from B to G, including searching each node in C for a parent node in C; and
reporting the optimal path to a navigation system to guide traversal of the environment.

US Pat. No. 9,742,027

ANODE FOR SODIUM-ION AND POTASSIUM-ION BATTERIES

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A sodium-ion or potassium-ion battery, the battery comprising:
a transition metal hexacyanometallate (TMHCM) cathode;
a non-aqueous electrolyte;
an anode comprising:
a conductive substrate;
a carbon-composite material overlying the conductive substrate comprising:
a hard carbon material;
a conductive carbon material having a low surface area;
a binder material;
wherein a carbon-composite material is defined herein as a mixture of two or more different materials, in which at least one
material is a carbon material; and,

an ion-permeable membrane separating the anode from the cathode.

US Pat. No. 9,773,934

HYBRID TROUGH SOLAR POWER SYSTEM USING PHOTOVOLTAIC TWO-STAGE LIGHT CONCENTRATION

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A hybrid trough solar power system using two-stage light concentration to drive concentrating photovoltaic (CPV) conversion
in conjunction with a thermal collector, the system comprising:
a reflective trough having a primary axis and a parabolic curved surface for concentrating light rays received in a plurality
of transverse planes into a primary linear focus in an axial plane, orthogonal to the transverse planes;

a dichroic spectrum splitter having a hyperbolically curved surface, an axis aligned in parallel to the primary linear focus,
and a position between the reflective trough and the primary linear focus, the dichroic spectrum splitter transmitting T band
wavelengths of light, and reflecting R band wavelengths of light to a secondary linear focus formed parallel to a vertex of
the reflective trough in the axial plane;

a thermal collection tube aligned along the primary linear focus for the T band wavelengths of light;
a plurality of concentrating optics sections formed in series along the secondary linear focus, each concentrating optics
section comprising

an imaging optical element focusing the R band wavelengths of light reflected by the dichroic spectrum splitter along a tertiary
linear focus orthogonal to the axial plane,

a plurality of optical funnels aligned serially in a row along the tertiary linear focus of the imaging optical element, the
plurality of optical funnels concentrating the R band wavelengths of light focused by the imaging optical element to a plurality
of receiving areas

and for each optical funnel, a PV device having an optical interface formed at a corresponding receiving area of the plurality
of receiving areas;

wherein each concentrating optics section is independently rotatable about a corresponding local axis, and each local axis
is orthogonal to the axial plane; and,

wherein the orthogonality of each imaging optical element to the reflected R band wavelengths of light is responsive to the
rotation of a corresponding concentrating optics section about its local axis.

US Pat. No. 9,705,130

ANTIMONY-BASED ANODE ON ALUMINUM CURRENT COLLECTOR

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. An electrochemical battery with an aluminum anode current collector, the battery comprising:
a cathode including a sodium-ion active material;
a non-aqueous electrolyte;
an anode comprising:
an aluminum current collector; and,
an antimony (Sb)-based electrochemically active material overlying the aluminum current collector.

US Pat. No. 9,620,815

ELECTROLYTE ADDITIVES FOR TRANSITION METAL CYANOMETALLATE ELECTRODE STABILIZATION

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A transition metal cyanometallate (TMCM) electrode battery comprising:
a TMCM cathode;
an anode;
a non-aqueous electrolyte comprising:
a solution including a solvent and a salt selected from the group consisting of alkali and alkaline earth metals;
an additive comprising G-R-g:
where G and g are nitrile groups; and,
where R is selected from the group consisting of an alkyl group and an alkenyl group.

US Pat. No. 9,613,295

EDGE BASED LOCATION FEATURE INDEX MATCHING

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for image processing on a computing device, said method comprising:
(a) labeling edge pixels of a model image using an edge based technique, where said model image includes a plurality of spatial
regions each of which comprising at least one pixel, where said plurality of spatial regions are arranged in a manner from
more discriminative of features of said model image to less discriminative of features of said model image;

(b) specifying an angular orientation for each of said edge pixels of said model image for each of said spatial regions;
(c) labeling edge pixels of an input image using an edge based technique;
(d) specifying an angular orientation for each of said edge pixels of said input image;
(e) indexing each of said angular orientations for each of said edge pixels of said input image into a feature index identifying
its respective location;

(f) determining candidate locations of an object within said input image based on said feature index and said angular orientation
for each of said edge pixels of a first one of said spatial regions of said model image;

(g) repeating step (f) for another one of said spatial regions of said model image until at least one of:
(i) a candidate location is identified with a sufficiently strong match;
(ii) a sufficient number of candidate locations are determined to have a sufficiently weak match;
(iii) a predetermined time period has elapsed for determining candidate locations.

US Pat. No. 9,614,169

BACK CONTACT PEROVSKITE SOLAR CELL

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A back contact perovskite solar cell, the solar cell comprising:
a substrate;
a plurality of p-type contacts overlying the substrate, each p-type contact comprising:
a positive electrode;
a p-type semiconductor segment overlying the positive electrode;
a plurality of n-type contacts overlying the substrate, each n-type contact comprising:
a negative electrode;
an n-type semiconductor segment overlying the negative electrode;
a hybrid organic/inorganic perovskite layer overlying the p-type and n-type contacts;
wherein the positive electrode is a layer conformally coating and in immediate contact with the substrate; and,
wherein each n-type contact negative electrode is a negative electrode segment, and each n-type contact further comprises
an insulator segment interposed between the positive electrode layer and the negative electrode segment, and insulator sidewalls
overlying each insulator segment, and wherein the negative electrode segments and the n-type semiconductor segments are formed
between the insulator sidewalls.

US Pat. No. 9,608,264

AIR CATHODE BATTERY USING ZINC SLURRY ANODE WITH CARBON ADDITIVE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. An air cathode battery using a zinc slurry anode with carbon additives, the battery comprising:
an air cathode;
the zinc slurry anode comprising:
a current collector;
zinc particles;
an alkaline electrolyte;
the carbon additives and a complexing agent in the alkaline electrolyte;
an electrolyte chamber, comprising the alkaline electrolyte, adjacent the air cathode;
a water permeable ion-exchange membrane (IEM) separating the zinc slurry anode from the electrolyte chamber;
wherein the zinc slurry, in a battery charged state, has an electrical resistance of less than 10 ohms and a zinc molar concentration
of greater than 15 moles per liter;

wherein the proportion of carbon additives to zinc is in a range of 2.5 to 10% by weight; and
wherein the proportion of alkaline electrolyte in the zinc slurry is in a range of 50 to 80% by volume.

US Pat. No. 9,608,268

ALKALI AND ALKALINE-EARTH ION BATTERIES WITH NON-METAL ANODE AND HEXACYANOMETALLATE CATHODE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A battery with a hexacyanometallate cathode and non-metal anode, the battery comprising:
a cathode with hexacyanometallate particles overlying a current collector, the hexacyanometallate particles having a chemical
formula AmM1xM2y(CN)6, and having a Prussian Blue hexacyanometallate crystal structure,

where A cations are selected from a group consisting of alkali cations;
where M1 is a metal selected from a group consisting of 2+ and 3+ valance positions;
where M2 is a metal selected from a group consisting of 2+ and 3+ valance positions;
where m is in a range of greater than 1 to 2;
where x is in a range of 0.5 to 1.5;
where y is in a range of 0.5 to 1.5;
a non-aqueous electrolyte capable of conducting A cations;
a non-metal anode capable of inserting and de-inserting A ions; and,
an ion-permeable membrane separating the anode from the cathode.

US Pat. No. 9,567,231

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR LARGE SCALE SYNTHESIS OF METAL CYANOMETALLATES

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for large scale synthesis of metal cyanometallates (MCMs), the method comprising:
adding a first precursor solution to a main reactor, where the first precursor includes M1 metal cations;
adding a second precursor solution of AX?M2(CN)Z? to the main reactor,

where M1 and M2 are from a first group of metals and A is from a second group of metals;
where X? is in the range of 1 to 5;
where Z? is in the range of 2 to 6;
in response to stirring the first and second precursors in the main reactor, forming MCM particles, with the formula AXM1NM2M(CN)Z.d[H2O]ZEO.e[H2O]BND, in solution:

where [H2O]ZEO is zeolitic water,

where [H2O]BND is lattice bound water,

where x is in the range of 0.5 to 2;
where m is in the range of 0.5 to 1.5;
where N is in the range of 0.5 to 1.5;
where z is in the range of 5 to 6;
where d is 0;
where e is in the range of greater than 0 and less than 8;
transferring the MCM particles in solution to a secondary reactor;
in response to aging in the secondary reactor, growing (increasing) the size of the MCM particles;
transferring the aged MCM particles in solution to a separation tank;
filtering the aged MCM particles from the solution;
collecting the filtered MCM particles; and,
adding solution reclaimed from the separation tank back into the main reactor.

US Pat. No. 9,544,602

WIRELESS VIDEO TRANSMISSION SYSTEM

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for transmitting video content comprising:
(a) encoding a plurality of frames of said video by a sender at a data rate;
(b) transmitting said encoded video across a network interconnection to a receiver;
(c) wherein said encoding includes allocating bits for a plurality of frames of said video based upon: (i) a delay constraint
used to allocate a first quantity of bits to an upcoming block of video, the delay constraint estimating a waiting time for
the first frame of the upcoming block to be sent to the receiver; and (ii) a rate distortion model used to further allocate
the bits within the first quantity to individual frames within the upcoming block, and which models the change in distortion
in at least one first frame as a mathematically linear function of a change in bits allocated to encode only an identified
second individual frame.

US Pat. No. 9,535,908

AUTO-RETRIEVING TO AVOID DATA BINDING

SHARP LABORATORIES OF AME...

1. A method comprising:
outputting by a workflow instance on a computing device, to an output store, a document comprising a specified attribute of
a document source activity identifier, wherein the specified attribute of the document source activity identifier is combined
with a unique source activity name;

retrieving by the workflow instance from the output store at runtime, a document based on a provided combination of the document
source activity identifier and the unique source activity name, wherein the retrieving of the document is based on a query
for matching the unique source activity name across workflow activities; and

executing the workflow instance based on stored data associated only with the workflow instance, wherein the work flow instance
execution does not perform an action to bind the document outputted by the workflow instance with the document retrieved by
the workflow instance wherein the action to bind requires knowledge of information to be used for binding of data components
to activities within a workflow instance, thereby retrieving documents across workflow activities of the workflow instance
at runtime and without the retrieving workflow instance having prior knowledge of the outputting workflow instance.

US Pat. No. 9,516,344

MOTION DERIVATION AND CODING FOR SCALING VIDEO

SHARP LABORATORIES OF AME...

1. A system, comprising:
an electronic device of a decoder, the electronic device configured to:
receive a first layer bitstream;
receive a second enhancement layer bitstream corresponding to the first layer bitstream;
wherein the second enhancement layer bitstream is dependent on the first layer bitstream;
determine whether a motion vector infer information in the second enhancement layer bitstream corresponds to a predetermined
value;

in response to determining that the motion vector infer information in the second enhancement layer bitstream does not correspond
to the predetermined value, perform first operations including decoding a current prediction unit of the second enhancement
layer bitstream using a motion vector derived from a motion vector of the first layer bitstream; and

in response to determining that the motion vector infer information in the second enhancement layer bitstream does correspond
to said predetermined value, perform second operations including constructing a motion vector predictor list derived from
the second enhancement layer bitstream and using the motion vector predictor list for the current prediction unit of the second
enhancement layer bitstream.

US Pat. No. 9,478,798

PRUSSIAN BLUE ANALOGUE ELECTRODES WITHOUT ZEOLITIC WATER CONTENT

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A battery with a hexacyanometallate cathode, the battery comprising:
a cathode with primarily comprising hexacyanometallate particles overlying a current collector, the hexacyanometallate particles
having a chemical formula AXM1MM2N(CN)Z.d[H2O]ZEO.e[H2O]BND,

where A is a metal from Groups 1A, 2A, or 3A of the Periodic Table;
where M1 is a metal selected from the group consisting of 2+ and 3+ valance positions;
where M2 is a metal selected from the group consisting of 2+ and 3+ valance positions;
where [H2O]ZEO represents zeolitic water molecules;

where [H2O]BND represents bound water molecules;

where X is in a range of 0.5 to 2;
where M is in a range of 0.5 to 1.5;
where N is in a range of 0.5 to 1.5;
where Z is in a range of 5 to 6;
where d is 0;
where e is in a range of greater than 0 and less than 8;
a non-aqueous electrolyte; and,
an anode.

US Pat. No. 9,461,834

ELECTRONIC DOCUMENT PROVISION TO AN ONLINE MEETING

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. In a system of connected communication devices, a method for providing electronic documents to online meeting participants,
the method comprising:
a meeting server establishing an online meeting repository for a first online meeting, where the first online meeting is exclusively
assigned to a first URL address;

the meeting server receiving an electronically formatted document sent to a first email address associated with the first
online meeting;

storing the document in the online meeting repository;
without a requirement of participating in the first online meeting, a first computer device logging into the meeting server
via the first email address; and,

in response to logging in via the first email address, the first computer device accessing the document, received via the
first email, from the online meeting repository.

US Pat. No. 9,370,336

MODEL-BASED METHOD FOR ASSESSING ACOUSTIC SIGNAL QUALITY IN HEART MONITORING DEVICE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A heart monitoring device, comprising:
a sound capture element configured to capture heart sounds and generate an acoustic signal containing the heart sounds; and
an acoustic signal processing element operatively coupled with the capture element and configured to generate from the acoustic
signal over a time window a personal heart sound interval distribution, determine a best fit between the personal interval
distribution and a global heart sound interval distribution, determine a fit quality value indicative of quality of the best
fit and select a processing action for the time window using the fit quality value, wherein the processing element is configured
to determine the best fit at least in part by generating a personal heart sound interval distribution curve and comparing
fit errors between the personal interval distribution curve and a parameterized global heart sound interval distribution curve
for different values of at least one parameter of the global interval distribution curve.

US Pat. No. 9,769,862

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR IMPLEMENTING PARTIAL COVERAGE AND OUT-OF-COVERAGE SIDELINK DISCOVERY RESOURCE POOLS FOR WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A radio access node of a radio access network, the access node comprising:
a processor configured and arranged to configure, for a wireless terminal that is served by the node, a radio resource pool
including an out-of-coverage radio resource for the wireless terminal to use for sidelink direct discovery when the wireless
terminal is either in a partial coverage discovery scenario or an out-of-coverage discovery scenario;

a transmitter configured to transmit information regarding the pool over a radio interface to the wireless terminal when the
wireless terminal is in coverage of the radio access network.

US Pat. No. 9,727,898

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MANAGING BATTERY DISCHARGE DURING CRITICAL PEAK PRICING INTERVALS

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for managing battery discharge during critical peak pricing (CPP) intervals, the method comprising:
providing an alternating current (AC) client with a fluctuating AC grid demand, and a direct current (DC)-to-AC inverter having
an input connected to a battery and selectable inversion power output levels connected to the AC client;

selectively supplying auxiliary power from the DC-to-AC inverter to at least partially satisfy the AC grid demand;
receiving a CPP warning for a first time interval;
determining a present battery capacity state of charge (SoC);
determining a target peak demand for the AC client over a second time interval that begins at a start of the first time interval,
where a target peak demand defines a desired maximum threshold AC grid demand;

in response to determining the present battery capacity SoC and the target peak demand, determining excess battery capacity;
and,

using the excess battery capacity to supply auxiliary energy to the AC client during the CPP first time interval.

US Pat. No. 9,627,671

FABRICATION METHOD FOR METAL BATTERY ELECTRODE WITH PYROLYZED COATING

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for forming a metal battery electrode with a pyrolyzed coating, the method comprising:
providing a metallorganic compound of metal (Me) and materials selected from a group consisting of carbon (C), sulfur (S),
nitrogen (N), oxygen (O), and combinations of the above-listed materials, expressed as MeXCYNZSXXOYY;

where Me is selected from a group consisting of metals and metal alloys;
where X is greater than 0;

where Y is greater than 0;

where Z is greater than or equal to 0;

where XX is greater than or equal to 0;

where YY is greater than or equal to 0;

heating the metallorganic compound;
as a result of the heating, decomposing materials in the metallorganic compound, forming a chemical reaction between the Me
particles and the materials; and,

forming an electrode comprising Me particles coated by materials selected from a group consisting of a carbide, a nitride,
a sulfide, and combinations of the above-listed materials.

US Pat. No. 9,583,751

BATTERY WITH AN ANODE PRELOAD WITH CONSUMABLE METALS

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for fabricating a battery using an anode preloaded with consumable metals, the method comprising:
forming an electrolyte;
forming an ion-permeable membrane immersed in the electrolyte;
forming preloaded anode immersed in the electrolyte, comprising MeaX, where X is a material selected from the group consisting of carbon, metal capable of being alloyed with Me, intercalation
oxides, electrochemically active organic compounds, and combinations of the above-listed materials, and Me is a metal selected
from the group consisting of alkali metals, alkaline earth metals, silver (Ag), aluminum (Al), and a combination of the above-listed
metals;

forming a cathode immersed in the electrolyte and separated from the preloaded anode by the ion-permeable membrane, where
the cathode comprises M1YM2Z(CN)N.MH2O;

where M1 and M2 are independently selected from the group consisting of transition metals, calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), strontium
(Sr), and barium (Ba);

where Y is less than or equal to 1;

where Z is less than or equal to 1;

where N is less than or equal to 6;

where M is less than or equal to 20;

performing a plurality of initial charge and discharge operations, where a charge operation uses an external power source
to create a current from the preloaded anode to the cathode, and a discharge operation connects an external load between the
preloaded anode and cathode; and,

forming an anode comprising MebX overlying the current collector in a battery discharge state, where 0?b

US Pat. No. 9,559,358

ALKALI AND ALKALINE-EARTH ION BATTERIES WITH HEXACYANOMETALLATE CATHODE AND NON-METAL ANODE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A battery with a hexacyanometallate cathode and a hard carbon anode, the battery comprising:
the cathode with hexacyanometallate particles overlying a current collector, the hexacyanometallate particles having a chemical
formula NamMnxFey(CN)6, and having a Prussian Blue hexacyanometallate crystal structure,

where m is in a range of greater than 1 to 2;
where x is in a range of 0.5 to 1.5;
where y is in a range of 0.5 to 1.5;
a non-aqueous electrolyte capable of conducting Na cations;
the hard carbon anode; and,
an ion-permeable membrane separating the hard carbon anode from the cathode.

US Pat. No. 9,143,657

COLOR ENHANCEMENT TECHNIQUE USING SKIN COLOR DETECTION

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for enhancing the color of an image displayed on a display, said method comprising:
(a) receiving an image having a plurality of pixels where each of said pixels has a plurality of color components;
(b) filtering said image with a sigma filter to obtain a base image wherein said base image is characterized by having primarily
low frequency components of said image;

(c) modifying said input image to obtain a residual image by subtracting said base image from said image, wherein said residual
image is characterized by having primarily high frequency components of said image;

(d) filtering said base image with a spatial filter to determine potential skin tone regions and subsequently use a color
dynamic range enhancement technique that modifies the differences in similar colors to obtain an enhanced base image such
that the modification of said differences is larger in said skin-tone regions than in non-skin-tone regions of said base image;

(e) creating a resulting image based upon said residual image and said enhanced image.

US Pat. No. 10,042,438

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR TEXT ENTRY

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A system for text entry for a computing device, comprising:a single wearable ring-like sensor device including one or more sensors for detecting finger movements and for providing motion data, the motion data comprising an acceleration of a finger to which the single wearable ring-like sensor device is attached;
a computing device in communication with the single wearable ring-like sensor device, the computing device including:
a display; and
a processor, the processor configured to:
present on the display a user input screen having a text box and keys for selecting text to be entered in the text box, the user input screen comprising a virtual keyboard layout displayed as a plurality of divided segments, each of the plurality of divided segments comprising two or more of the keys for selecting text arranged in a predefined arrangement within a corresponding segment;
receive the motion data from the single wearable ring-like sensor device;
derive and identify a predefined gesture from the motion data, the predefined gesture comprising one of a tapping gesture and a swiping gesture in a predefined direction of the acceleration of the finger;
the processor further configured to enter a text entry mode and, upon entering the text entry mode, the processor configured to:
identify an initial swiping gesture to highlight a displayed segment, the displayed segment appearing visually highlighted;
identify a tapping gesture to select the highlighted displayed segment identified by the initial swiping gesture;
identify a swiping gesture to select a particular key of the two or more keys within the selected highlighted displayed segment identified by the initial swiping gesture;
present text in the text box associated with the particular key selected by the swiping gesture.

US Pat. No. 9,807,339

FRAME RATE CONVERSION SYSTEM

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A system for detecting a graphical element in a selected image of a series of images comprising:
(a) a motion compensated error map process that identifies regions of said selected image that have a value greater than a
threshold of the difference between said selected image and a motion compensated said selected image based upon said series
of images to provide a likelihood map for detecting said graphical element;

(b) a first filter process based upon said selected image and a plurality of said series of images other than said selected
image to temporally smooth said likelihood map;

(c) said system modifying said likelihood map based upon said first filter process,
(d) further comprising a second filter process to filter out spatial locations of said likelihood map at spatial locations
that are generally central in said selected image, a third filter process to filter out spatial locations of said likelihood
map where a difference between said selected image and a non-motion compensated said one of said series of images other than
said selected image is greater than a threshold, a fourth filter process to spatially smooth said likelihood map, a fifth
filter process to filter out regions having a size less than a first threshold and greater than a second threshold and modifying
said likelihood map based upon said first second, third, fourth, and fifth processes.

US Pat. No. 9,782,605

ADAPTIVE THERAPEUTIC LIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A system for influencing a state of a user comprising:
(a) a light source for emitting light influencing the state of the user;
(b) a light controller selectively controlling said emission of said light from said light source, including controlling at
least one of:

(1) the spectrum of said light from said light source where said light controller selectively changes said spectrum of said
light from a first non-zero range to a second different non-zero range, and;

(2) the duration of said light emission from said light source where said light controller selectively changes said duration
of said light, and;

(3) the spatial distribution of said light from said light source where said light controller selectively changes said spatial
distribution of said light; and

(4) the timing of said light emission from said light source where said light controller selectively changes said timing of
said light; and

(5) the brightness of said light from said light source where said light controller selectively changes said brightness by
modifying the brightness of a plurality of sources of light from said light source;

(c) an analysis engine providing a signal to said light controller indicating a desired emission of said light; where
(d) said light controller further automatically modifies without user intervention said emission of said light from said light
source based upon said analysis engine, and using feedback received by said light controller and from selective ones of a
plurality of light sensors indicative of perceived light provided to the eyes of a user, said feedback based on said system
automatically selecting a subset of said plurality of light sensors as being indicative of said perceived light, said subset
less than all of said plurality of light sensors.

US Pat. No. 9,787,247

SOLAR CONCENTRATOR WITH ASYMMETRIC TRACKING-INTEGRATED OPTICS

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A hybrid trough solar power system using concentrated photovoltaic (CPV) conversion in conjunction with a thermal collector,
the system comprising:
a reflective trough having a primary axis and a parabolic curved surface for concentrating light rays received in a plurality
of transverse planes into a primary linear focus in an axial plane, orthogonal to the transverse planes;

a dichroic spectrum splitter having a hyperbolically curved surface, an axis aligned in parallel to the primary linear focus,
and a position between the reflective trough and the primary linear focus, the dichroic spectrum splitter transmitting T band
wavelengths of light, and reflecting R band wavelengths of light to a secondary linear focus formed parallel to a vertex of
the reflective trough in the axial plane;

a thermal collection tube aligned along the primary linear focus for the T band wavelengths of light;
a plurality of concentrating optics sections formed in series along the secondary linear focus, each concentrating optics
section comprising:

one optical imaging element focusing the R band wavelengths of light reflected by the dichroic spectrum splitter along a tertiary
linear focus, orthogonal to the axial plane;

a plurality of PV devices aligned along the tertiary linear focus of each associated optical imaging element, each PV device
having an optical interface to receive the focused R band wavelengths of light; and a plurality of optical funnels aligned
along the tertiary linear focus, for concentrating the focused R band wavelengths of light to the optical interfaces of corresponding
PV devices; and,

wherein each optical imaging element has an off-center tertiary linear focus that accepts converging edge rays having unequal
angles defined between an aperture and the tertiary linear focus.

US Pat. No. 9,745,202

METAL CYANOMETALLATE SYNTHESIS METHOD

Board of Regents, U of Te...

1. A method for synthesizing metal cyanometallate (MCM), the method comprising:
providing a solution of AXM1Y(CN)Z;

where “A” is selected from a first group of metals consisting of lithium (Li), sodium (Na), potassium (K), rubidium (Rb),
cesium (Cs), calcium (Ca), strontium (Sr), barium (Ba), silver (Ag), aluminum (Al), magnesium (Mg), and combinations thereof;

where M1 is selected from a second group of metals consisting of titanium (Ti), vanadium (V), chromium (Cr), manganese (Mn),
iron (Fe), cobalt (Co), nickel (Ni), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), niobium (Nb), ruthenium (Ru), tin (Sn), indium (In), cadmium
(Cd), Ca, Mg, strontium (Sr), and barium (Ba);

where X is in a range of 0 to 10;

where Y is in a range of 1 to 10;

where Z is in a range of 1 to 10;

adding a material including M2 to the solution to form a liquid phase material selected from a group consisting of a suspension
and a solution;

where M2 is selected from the second group of metals;
adding an acid to the liquid phase material;
simultaneously with the addition of the acid, forming a precipitate of ANM1PM2Q(CN)R.FH2O;

where N is in a range of 1 to 2;

where P is less than or equal to 2;

where F is in a range of 0 to 20;

where Q is less than or equal to 2; and,

where R is less than or equal to 6.

US Pat. No. 9,727,974

SYSTEM FOR VIDEO SUPER RESOLUTION USING SEMANTIC COMPONENTS

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for modifying the resolution of a series of frames of a video sequence using an image processing system comprising:
(a) receiving said series of frames of said video sequence by said image processing system;
(b) determining a first plurality of key points of a first frame of said series of frames based upon semantic content of said
first frame of said series of frames by said image processing system;

(c) based on said first plurality of key points, determining a first set of candidate images in a database that match a semantic
region of said first frame;

(d) determining a second plurality of key points of a second frame of said series of frames based upon semantic content of
said second frame of said series of frames by said image processing system;

(e) based on said second plurality of key points, determining a second set of candidate images in said database that match
a semantic region of said second frame;

(f) selecting a selected candidate image in said database, based on said first set of candidate images and said second set
of candidate images;

(g) modifying said resolution of said second frame of said series of frames based on said selected candidate image in said
database.

US Pat. No. 9,721,333

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR ESTIMATION OF ADDITIVE NOISE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for estimating additive noise in an image, said method comprising:
computing a statistical feature value for each image patch in a plurality of image patches associated with an image-channel
image;

forming a histogram of said computed statistical feature values;
identifying a first significant peak in said histogram;
computing a peak-width measure of the identified first significant peak; and
determining an additive noise estimate based on a comparison of the computed peak-width measure and a width threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,722,145

LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE AND FLUIDIC MANUFACTURE THEREOF

SHARP LABORATORIES OF AME...

1. A light emitting device comprising:
a substrate having a recess;
an interlayer dielectric layer being located on the substrate, and having a first hole and a second hole, the first hole opening
over the recess of the substrate;

a first micro light emitting device and a second micro light emitting device, the first micro light emitting device having
a thickness greater than the second micro light emitting device and being placed in the first hole;

the second micro light emitting device being located in the second hole; and
wherein a void includes the first hole and the recess, and wherein the void is larger than the first micro light emitting
device and the second hole is larger than the second micro light emitting device.

US Pat. No. 9,710,940

METHODS, SYSTEMS AND APPARATUS FOR SUMMARIZING A MEETING

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A non-transitory, computer-readable medium encoded with a computer program code for implementing a method for rendering
a meeting summary, said method comprising:
storing meeting-related content communicated between a plurality of computing devices during a meeting, the meeting-related
content including content from a first content source, and being organized along a meeting timeline;

defining a first-time-instance first node associated with the first content source of the meeting;
associating a first time instance in the meeting with the first-time-instance first node, the first time instance being a
point in time on the meeting timeline corresponding to a point in time at which the first content source was communicated
between the plurality of devices in the meeting;

determining a first amount of time expended during the meeting on the first content source;
determining a first size of the first-time-instance first node, the first size being proportional to the first time amount;
rendering the first-time-instance first node associated with the first content source at a position along a graphical representation
of the meeting timeline which corresponds to the first time instance and having the first size proportional to the first time
amount; and

displaying the rendered first-time-instance first node on a display device.

US Pat. No. 9,634,317

REACTIVE SEPARATOR FOR A METAL-ION BATTERY

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A metal-ion battery with a reactive separator, the battery comprising:
an anode;
a cathode;
a reactive separator comprising:
a reactive layer, chemically reactive to alkali and alkaline earth metals formed at the anode, having a first side and a second
side;

a first non-reactive layer interposed between the cathode and the reactive layer first side, chemically non-reactive with
alkaline and alkaline earth metals;

a second non-reactive layer interposed between the anode and the reactive layer second side, chemically non-reactive with
alkali and alkaline earth metals; and,

wherein the first and second non-reactive layers are defined as having less than 5 percent by weight (wt %) of materials able
to participate in electrochemical reactions with members of the first group.

US Pat. No. 9,595,706

PROTECTED TRANSITION METAL HEXACYANOFERRATE BATTERY ELECTRODE SYNTHESIS METHOD

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for synthesizing a transition metal hexacyanoferrate (TMHCF) battery material, the method comprising:
synthesizing a AxMyFez(CN)n.mH2O powder including particles having a crystal lattice structure;

where A cations are selected from a group consisting of alkali and alkaline-earth cations;
where M is a transition metal;
where x is in a range of 0 to 2;
where y is in a range of 0 to 2;
where z is in a range of 0.1 to 2;
where n is in a range of 1 to 6;
where m is in a range of 0 to 7;
mixing the AxMyFez(CN)n.mH2O powder with a conducting carbon and an organic binder in an organic solution, creating a mixture;

forming the mixture on a metal current collector, creating a cathode;
subsequent to creating the cathode, forming a cathode passivation layer overlying the cathode; and,
in response to the passivation layer interacting with AxMyFez(CN)n.mH2O particles, curing defects in the AxMyFez(CN)n.mH2O crystal lattice structure.

US Pat. No. 9,530,191

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR DETECTION AND ESTIMATION OF MOSQUITO NOISE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for estimating mosquito noise at a first pixel location in an image, said method comprising:
computing a ring parameter for the image;
receiving a noise estimate for the first pixel;
computing a maximum of respective activity values for a second region including the first pixel location; and
estimating mosquito noise at the first pixel location as the maximum of:
the noise estimate for the first pixel, and
a product of the ring parameter, the maximum activity value, and a multiplicative constant.

US Pat. No. 9,386,505

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR SECONDARY CELL ID SELECTION

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method performed by a user equipment (UE), comprising:
receiving a physical cell identifier information element (IE) from an evolved node B (eNB), wherein the physical cell identifier
IE is associated with a secondary cell (SCell) that is on an unlicensed Long-Term Evolution (LTE) carrier frequency;

determining a physical-layer cell identity (PCI) of the SCell based on the physical cell identifier IE; and
applying the PCI as a parameter for physical channels or signals on the SCell;
wherein the UE assumes:
primary synchronization signal (PSS) and secondary synchronization signal (SSS) in a primary cell (PCell) are transmitted
every 5 milliseconds, and

PSS and SSS in the SCell are not transmitted every 5 milliseconds but only in some occasions.

US Pat. No. 9,053,531

MULTI LAYERED IMAGE ENHANCEMENT TECHNIQUE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for enhancing an input image comprising:
(a) receiving an input image;
(b) filtering said input image with a first non-linear filter that attenuates regions of input image proximate edges to an
extent less than regions of said input image not proximate said edges to provide a first filtered image;

(i) where said first non-linear filter filters a first pixel of said input image by calculating a first value as the summation
of (1) a left pixel weighting multiplied by a left pixel input, (2) a first pixel weighting multiplied by a first pixel input
and (3) a right pixel weighting multiplied by a right pixel input, wherein the left pixel weighting corresponds to a pixel
to the left of said first pixel of said input image, the first pixel weighting corresponds to said first pixel of said input
image, and a right pixel weighting corresponds to a pixel to the right of said first pixel of said input image,

(ii) calculating a second value as said first value divided by the summation of (1) said left weighting of said left pixel,
(2) said first pixel weighting of said first pixel, and (3) said right weighting of said right pixel,

(iii) said left weighting of said left pixel is determined using a look up table based upon the absolute value of the difference
between said first pixel and said left pixel,

(iv) said right weighting of said right pixel is determined using said look up table based upon the absolute value of the
difference between said right pixel and said first pixel,

(v) where said look up table has a first value when said absolute value of the difference between said first pixel and said
left pixel is less than a first threshold, where said look up table has a second value when said absolute value of the difference
between said first pixel and said left pixel is greater than said first threshold and less than a second threshold; and where
said look up table has a third value when said absolute value of the difference between said first pixel and said left pixel
is greater than said second threshold,

(vi) where said look up table has a third value when said absolute value of the difference between said first pixel and said
right pixel is less than a fourth threshold, where said look up table has a fourth value when said absolute value of the difference
between said first pixel and said right pixel is greater than said fourth threshold and less than a fifth threshold; and where
said look up table has a fifth value when said absolute value of the difference between said first pixel and said right pixel
is greater than said sixth threshold;

(c) processing said first filtered image by determining a comparison between said first filtered image and said input image
that has not been filtered by said first non-linear filter to provide a difference filtered image;

(d) filtering said difference filtered image with a second non-linear filter that reduces the amount of noise in said difference
filtered image in a manner not dependent on the content of said difference filtered image to provide a second filtered image;

(e) processing said second filtered image by determining a comparison between said second filtered image and said input image
to provide an enhanced output image.

US Pat. No. 9,996,083

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR NAVIGATION ASSISTANCE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for navigation correction assistance, the method comprising:providing a vehicle with a camera and an autonomous navigation system comprising a processor, a non-transitory memory, a visual navigation buoy database stored in the memory, and a navigation application enabled as a sequence of processor executable instructions stored in the memory for autonomously navigating;
the navigation application visually acquiring a first visual navigation buoy with an identity marker;
accessing the navigation buoy database to cross-reference the first navigation buoy identity marker to a first spatial position;
visually acquiring a first direction marker on the first navigation buoy; and,
in response to visually acquiring the first direction marker, determining a first angle between the camera and the first spatial position.

US Pat. No. 9,851,290

PARTICLE DETECTOR FOR PARTICULATE MATTER ACCUMULATED ON A SURFACE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A particulate matter detector comprising:
a substrate;
an optical light source configured to emit light having an intensity along a light path;
a waveguide associated with the substrate, having a surface exposed to a gaseous environment and the waveguide surface configured
to accumulate directly thereon particulate matter from the gaseous environment;

a detector configured to receive the emitted light from the waveguide; and
a controller configured to determine a change in the intensity of the light emitted from the waveguide, and output an indication
of an opacity of the surface of the waveguide with the accumulated particulate matter thereon based on a change in intensity
of the emitted light; wherein the controller determines an indication of an opacity of the surface of the waveguide with the
accumulated particulate matter by comparing the detected intensity with a known intensity at the optical light source.

US Pat. No. 9,837,013

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR DISPLAY CORRECTION

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for storing corrective image data, said method comprising:
receiving a plurality of correction images associated with a first display system, wherein each correction image in said plurality
of correction images is associated with an image captured at a different gray level;

generating a plurality of eigenvectors associated with said plurality of correction images;
projecting each of said correction images onto the eigenspace defined by said plurality of eigenvectors, thereby producing
a plurality of coefficients associated with each correction image in said plurality of correction images;

encoding said plurality of eigenvectors, thereby producing encoded data; and
storing, in a storage location at said first display system, said encoded data and said plurality of coefficients associated
with each correction image in said plurality of correction images.

US Pat. No. 9,781,585

LATENCY REDUCTION FOR MODE SWITCHING IN SIDELINK COMMUNICATIONS

SHARP Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method in a wireless terminal which selectively communicates with a node of a radio access network over a radio interface,
the method comprising:
providing a first set of radio resources which may be used by the wireless terminal when performing a device-to-device (D2D/SL)
communication with another wireless terminal when the wireless terminal is within coverage of a radio access network;

providing a second set of radio resources which may be used by the wireless terminal when performing a device-to-device (D2D/SL)
communication with the another wireless terminal when the wireless terminal is not within coverage of the radio access network;

using a processor to determine a resource switch-causing event of a random access procedure;
the processor, upon occurrence of the resource switch-causing event, allowing the wireless terminal, when still within coverage
of the radio access network, to use the second set of resources for the device-to-device (D2D/SL) communication in conjunction
with the random access procedure.

US Pat. No. 9,761,866

BATTERY ELECTRODE WITH METAL PARTICLES AND PYROLYZED COATING

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A battery electrode comprising:
metal (Me) particles selected from a group consisting of metals and metal alloys;
a pyrolyzed coating formed over the Me particles, formed from materials selected from the group consisting of carbon (C),
sulfur (S), nitrogen (N), oxygen (O), and combinations of the above-listed materials, expressed as CYNZSXXOYY;

where Y is greater than 0;

where Z is greater than or equal to 0;

where XX is greater than or equal to 0; and,

where YY is greater than or equal to 0.

US Pat. No. 9,699,480

LEVEL LIMITS

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for decoding a video bitstream comprising:
(a) receiving a first bitstream layer representative of a coded video sequence;
(b) receiving a second bitstream layer representative of said coded video sequence;
(c) receiving a first dimension syntax element value associated with said first bitstream layer included within a first set
of syntax elements defining a maximum width in luma samples of all pictures in said first bitstream layer;

(d) receiving a second dimension syntax element value associated with a first picture within said first bitstream layer included
within said first set of syntax elements defining the width of said first picture in luma samples;

(e) receiving a third dimension syntax element value associated with a second picture within said first bitstream layer included
within said first set of syntax elements defining the width of said second picture in luma samples;

(f) receiving a fourth dimension syntax element value associated with said first bitstream layer included within said first
set of syntax elements defining a maximum height in luma samples of all pictures in said first bitstream layer;

(g) receiving a fifth dimension syntax element value associated with said first picture within said first bitstream layer
included within said first set of syntax elements defining the height of said first picture in luma samples;

(h) receiving a sixth dimension syntax element value associated with said second picture within said first bitstream layer
included within said first set of syntax elements defining the height of said second picture in luma samples;

(i) decoding said first picture based upon said second dimension syntax element value and said fifth dimension syntax element
value, decoding said second picture based upon said third dimension syntax element value and said sixth dimension syntax element
value, where said second dimension syntax element value is less than said first dimension syntax element value, where said
third dimension syntax element value is less than said first dimension syntax element value, where said second dimension syntax
element value has a different value than said third dimension syntax element value, where said fifth dimension syntax element
value is less than said fourth dimension syntax element value, where said sixth dimension syntax element value is less than
said fourth dimension syntax element value, where said fifth dimension syntax element value has a different value than said
sixth dimension syntax element value.

US Pat. No. 9,660,268

ALKALI-ION BATTERY WITH ENHANCED TRANSITION METAL CYANOMETALLATE ELECTRODE STRUCTURE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. An alkali-ion battery with a transition metal cyanometallate (TMCM) sheet cathode and non-alkaline metal anode, the battery
comprising:
a cathode electrode comprising:
a cathode current collector;
a cathode active material sheet laminated to the cathode current collector formed from TMCM particles, conductive additives,
and a polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) binder, the TMCM particles having a chemical formula AxM1MM2N(CN)Z.d[H2O]ZEO.e[H2O]BND,

where A is a metal from Group 1A or Group 2 of the Periodic Table;
where M1 is a metal selected from the group consisting of 2+ and 3+ valance positions;
where M2 is a metal selected from the group consisting of 2+ and 3+ valance positions;
where [H2O]ZEO represents zeolitic water molecules;

where [H2O]BND represents bound water molecules;

where X is in a range of 0.5 to 2;
where M is in a range of 0.5 to 1.5;
where N is in a range of 0.5 to 1.5;
where Z is in a range of 5 to 6;
where d is 0;
where e is in a range of greater than 0 and less than 8;
a non-aqueous electrolyte capable of conducting A cations;
the non-alkaline metal anode electrode; and,
an ion-permeable membrane separating the non-alkaline metal anode electrode from the cathode electrode.

US Pat. No. 9,625,912

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR MOBILE-AGENT NAVIGATION

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

12. A mobile agent comprising:
a camera for capturing an image;
a control component; and
a processor configured to:
scan said captured image to detect a machine-readable marker;
when a machine-readable marker is detected:
extract an encoded data from said detected machine-readable marker, wherein said extracted encoded data comprises an identifying
key;

using said identifying key, access a database to retrieve a plurality of physical attributes associated with said detected
machine-readable marker;

using said plurality of physical attributes, compute a world coordinate for each locating point in a plurality of locating
points associated with said detected machine-readable marker;

determine a corresponding image coordinate for said each locating point in said plurality of locating points; and
using said world coordinate for said each locating point in said plurality of locating points and said corresponding image
coordinate for said each locating point in said plurality of locating points, compute a position and an orientation of the
mobile agent relative to a landmark object associated with said detected machine-readable marker.

US Pat. No. 9,530,433

VOICE ACTIVITY DETECTION FOR NOISE-CANCELING BIOACOUSTIC SENSOR

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A biacoustic sensor having voice detection capability, comprising:
a body channel configured to acquire a body channel signal;
an environmental channel configured to acquire an environment channel signal;
an active noise cancelation (ANC) system configured to receive the body channel signal and the environment channel signal
and output a multiple of derivative signals, wherein each of the derivative signals is derivative of the body channel signal
and the environment channel signal and is different from the other derivative signals;

a voice activity detection system configured to receive from the ANC system a first one or more of the derivative signals
including a body acoustic signal and output a voice activity presence indicator generated using the first one or more of the
derivative signals; and

a bioacoustic application processor configured to receive from the ANC system a second one or more of the derivative signals
including a filtered body signal, receive from the voice activity detection system the voice activity presence indicator and
generate output data, wherein the body acoustic signal is derived from the filtered body signal.

US Pat. No. 9,524,445

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR SUPPRESSING NON-DOCUMENT-BOUNDARY CONTOURS IN AN IMAGE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for generating a plurality of candidate boundary contours from a document image, said method comprising:
preprocessing a document image to form a medium-scale luminance image and a low-scale luminance image;
extracting a plurality of corner features from said medium-scale luminance image;
extracting a plurality of edge features from said low-scale luminance image;
determining a plurality of vanishing points;
detecting one or more text regions in a corner-feature image associated with said plurality of corner features;
generating an initial plurality of candidate boundary contours in an edge-map image associated with said plurality of edge
features;

filtering said initial plurality of candidate boundary contours using said one or more text regions as follows:
identifying a critical point in a first candidate boundary contour in said initial plurality of candidate boundary contours;
splitting said first candidate boundary contour at said critical point into a second candidate boundary contour and a third
candidate boundary contour; and

wherein said second candidate boundary contour length is greater in length than a length threshold and said third candidate
boundary contour length is greater in length than said length threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,847,643

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MANAGING AC POWER USING AUXILIARY DC-TO-AC INVERSION

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A method for managing demand for an alternating current (AC) client using direct current (DC)-to-AC power inversion as
an auxiliary source of power, the method comprising:
providing an AC client with a fluctuating AC grid demand, a DC-to-AC inverter having an input connected to a DC power auxiliary
source and selectable inversion power output levels connected to the AC client to supply auxiliary power for a portion of
the AC power demand;

averaging the AC grid demand;
in each of a series of periodic time intervals, comparing a current AC grid demand average in a current time interval to a
demand goal, which is a highest AC grid demand average as measured at an end of a time interval, and selected from a plurality
of time intervals; and,

selecting the DC-to-AC inverter output power level so that the current AC grid demand average is less than or equal to the
demand goal by the end of the current time interval.

US Pat. No. 9,660,241

NASICON-POLYMER ELECTROLYTE STRUCTURE

Sharp Laboratories of Ame...

1. A battery with a sodium-containing particle electrolyte structure, the battery comprising:
an anode comprising a material selected from the group consisting of alkali metals, alkaline earth metals, carbon, metals
capable of being alloyed with alkali and alkaline earth metals, intercalation oxides, electrochemically active organic compounds,
and combinations of the above-listed materials;

a cathode comprising M1YM2Z(CN)N.MH2O;

where M1 and M2 are transition metals;
where Y is less than or equal to 1;
where Z is less than or equal to 1;
where N is less than or equal to 6;
where M is less than or equal to 20;
a sodium-containing particle electrolyte structure comprising:
a polymer film including a plasticizer; and,
sodium-containing particles distributed in the polymer film; and,
wherein the plasticizer improves conductivity in the electrolyte structure by enhancing the dissociation of salts in the polymer.