US Pat. No. 10,257,907

LED LIGHTING MODULE

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1. An LED lighting module comprising:a plurality of input terminals for connecting to an input voltage;
an LED load realised to operate at an upper threshold voltage level and arranged in series with a first semiconductor switch and a current sense resistor; and
a regulation circuit comprising a current control circuit to regulate LED current and a voltage monitor circuit to generate a variable input to the current control circuit, wherein the regulation circuit is realised to decrease LED current through the LED load when the input voltage is greater than the upper threshold voltage level,
wherein the current control circuit comprises a reference input and a variable input, the current control circuit being realized to regulate LED current through the first semiconductor switch according to a difference between the reference input and the variable input, and
wherein the voltage monitor circuit generates the variable input to the current control circuit based at least in part on the input voltage applied to the LED lighting module and the upper threshold voltage level.

US Pat. No. 10,257,900

DETERMINING PROPERTY OF UNCHANGED LOAD DEVICE

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1. A determination device for determining a maximum power dissipation property of a light emitting diode strip comprising a first channel with one or more first elements, the determination device comprising:a first switch configured to provide a first voltage pulse to the first channel,
a detector configured to detect a first current signal that results from a provision of the first voltage pulse to the first channel, and
a controller configured to derive a maximum power dissipation property of the first channel of the light emitting diode strip from a detection of the first current signal,
wherein the controller is further configured to calculate a first maximum duty cycle of a first power supply signal for supplying the first channel in view of both the maximum power dissipation property of the first channel and a power capacity of a power supply that produces the first power supply signal.

US Pat. No. 10,257,935

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY BASED ON PRINTED ELECTRONICS

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1. A method for manufacturing a printed circuit board assembly, comprising:providing a substrate;
printing a compound in a circuit pattern on the substrate, the compound comprising a suspension of an uncured conductive material and an insulating material together, the uncured conductive material and the insulating material configured to separate after printing thereby forming a bottom layer of the uncured conductive material covered by a top layer of the insulating material;
arranging at least one electronic component, having at least one electrical connection part, on the top layer of the circuit pattern, the at least one electrical connection part of the at least one electronic component penetrating the top layer of the insulating material and forming at least one electrical connection with the bottom layer comprising the uncured conductive material, and, after arranging said at least one electronic component on the top layer;
curing the uncured conductive material and the insulating material into a cured conductive material and an insulator, respectively;
whereby the cured conductive material mechanically secures said at least one electronic component to the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,299,328

LED DRIVER CIRCUIT, LIGHTING ARRANGEMENT AND DRIVING METHOD

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1. A first LED driver circuit comprising:a first input interface for receiving an AC power input and providing a first output, wherein said first output is adapted to be serially connected to a second LED driver circuit;
a first LED driver powered by the first output;
a first shorting element for shorting the first output;
a first control arrangement for controlling the first shorting element, wherein the first control arrangement is configured to:
close the first shorting element at a zero-crossing of a first subset of half cycles of the AC power input to short circuit the first LED driver and prevent the first LED driver from being powered, wherein the AC power input passes to the second LED driver during the first subset of half cycles, and
open the first shorting element at a zero-crossing of a second subset of half cycles of the AC power input to power the first LED driver, wherein said second subset of half cycles does not overlap with the first subset of half cycles;
wherein the half cycle is the positive amplitude duration or the negative amplitude duration of the AC power input.

US Pat. No. 10,299,331

LED RETROFIT DRIVER CIRCUIT AND METHOD OF OPERATING THE SAME

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1. An LED retrofit driver circuit comprising:an input for receiving an operating voltage from a power supply;
an output for connection to one or more LED units;
a power converter connected with said input and said output and configured to provide a lamp current at said output, wherein the power converter is configured to operate in at least a first operating state,
in said first operating state, the power converter being configured to switch between:
a high current generating mode, in which the power converter is configured to draw current pulses from said power supply to draw a first average input current, and
an OFF mode during which no current is drawn from said power supply, wherein the power converter is configured to operate in at least a second operating state, and
in said second operating state, said power converter being configured at least to operate in
a low current generating mode, in which the power converter is configured to draw current pulses from said power supply to draw a second average input current, the second average input current being lower than said first average input current.

US Pat. No. 10,299,353

METHODS FOR INITIATING STATE MACHINES IN RESPONSE TO TOUCH EVENTS DETECTED AT HOME APPLIANCES

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1. A method, comprising:detecting a touch event at a touch sensor associated with a home appliance comprising a luminaire;
operating the home appliance to perform its primary function in response to the detecting of the touch event, the primary function comprising controlling lighting of the luminaire;
determining that data transmitted from the touch sensor regarding the touch event satisfies a predetermined touch event profile associated with a secondary function to be performed at a computing device separate and remote from the home appliance, the secondary function being different than the primary function; and
initiating the secondary function at the computing device in response to receiving the data from the touch sensor after the determining step.

US Pat. No. 10,299,355

INTELLIGENT GATING MECHANISM

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1. A gating module for use in a lighting system, the lighting system comprising at least one sensor module, the at least one sensor module comprising at least one sensor, and a lighting network comprising at least one luminaire, the gating module configured to:receive sensor data obtained by the at least one sensor module;
receive an input signal;
determine, based on the input signal and predetermined rules stored in a memory, which parts of the sensor data are to be supplied to at least one luminaire controller for use in controlling the at least one luminaire; and
only supply the determined parts of the sensor data to the at least one luminaire controller,
wherein the input signal indicates an orientation of a device associated with a sensor module of the at least one sensor module, and the predetermined rules indicate transmission of sensor data to the luminaire controller only when the device is positioned in a predetermined orientation.

US Pat. No. 10,257,902

SLEEPY LIGHT

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1. A lighting device comprisinga first light source configured to provide first light source light,
a second light source configured to provide second light source light and
a control system configured to control the first light source and the second light source to provide said first light source light and second light source light respectively, wherein
the first light source light and the second light source light each have a melanopsin effectiveness factor (MEF) of a maximum 0.40 and wherein MEF is defined as

wherein SPD(?) defines the spectral power distribution of the light source light emitted by the respective light source,
wherein m(?) is the normalized melanopic sensitivity function and
wherein V(?) is the normalized photopic sensitivity function, and wherein
the first light source light and the second light source light have a color rendering index (CRI), the difference between the CRI of the first light source light and the CRI of the second light source light is at least 15 CRI units, and wherein
at least the first light source is arranged to provide the first light source light having a maximum ratio of the total number of photons in the wavelength range of 440-530 nm to the total number of photons in the wavelength range 380-780 nm of 0.2.

US Pat. No. 10,299,349

SYNCHRONOUS CONTROL OF NETWORKED LIGHTING DEVICES

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1. A method for near synchronous control of networked lighting devices, the method comprising:receiving a target color point, in a target color space having a target color space resolution, or receiving a target intensity level, in a target intensity space having a target intensity space resolution, and further receiving identifiers for networked lighting devices that are to be synchronously controlled to emit light based on the target color point or target intensity level,
determining whether a target control command based on the received identifiers of the networked lighting devices and the received target color point or the received target intensity level will exceed a maximum control command length, and if the target control command will exceed the maximum control command length:
determining an approximate color space resolution, relating to an approximate color space, of a lower resolution than the target color space resolution, or an approximate intensity space resolution, relating to an approximate intensity space, of a lower resolution than the target intensity space resolution, based on the number of networked lighting devices that are to be synchronously controlled, and further based on the maximum control command length,
determining an approximate color point in the approximate color space based on the target color point or an approximate intensity level in the approximate intensity space based on the target intensity level, and
sending an approximate control command based on the received identifiers of the networked lighting devices that are to be synchronously controlled and the approximate color point or the approximate intensity level.

US Pat. No. 10,253,930

LIGHTING DEVICE WITH FOLDABLE HOUSING

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1. A lighting device comprising:a lighting device housing formed of an optically transmissive material and including an assembly aid portion,
a light source arranged within said lighting device housing and mounted to a surface of the assembly aid portion,
driver electronics configured to drive said light source, arranged within said lighting device housing in a compartment formed by the assembly aid portion opposite from the surface and the light source,
wherein said lighting device housing comprises:
a first housing portion and a second housing portion connected to each other by a flexible connecting portion, said first housing portion being configured to be folded about said flexible connecting portion to enclose said light source and said driver electronics within said lighting device housing, and;
means for securing said first housing portion to said second housing portion to maintain said lighting device housing in a folded position,
wherein said lighting device housing is formed in one piece and the assembly aid portion is formed as a wall extending transversely with respect to a socket portion of the housing across the first housing portion.

US Pat. No. 10,257,893

ADAPTIVE LUMINOUS INTENSITY DISTRIBUTION OF LED LUMINAIRES

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1. A luminaire with a light emitting surface comprising an array of light sources, the luminaire further comprising:a LED driver, the array of light sources being connected in series with the LED driver;
a light output tuning unit connected to a certain set of light sources within the array and being able to tune a light output of said certain set of light sources;
an interface adapted to be operated during an installation or commissioning of the luminaire before normal operation of the luminaire, the interface adapted for receiving configuration information at least comprising dimming information; and
a control unit, for fixing the tuning unit according to the received configuration information during normal operation of the luminaire;
wherein the light emitting surface is a planar surface forming said light emitting surface, said certain set of light sources is on at least one edge of the planar surface and
wherein said array of light sources is rectangular and is connected to the LED driver and the light output tuning unit comprises a dimming circuit adapted to dim said certain set of light sources, said dimming circuit including at least one shunt switch adapted to shunt said certain set of light sources off from or on to the LED driver, wherein said certain set of light sources are at two connecting edges of the array, the dimming circuit includes two shunt switches, wherein one of the two shunt switches is in parallel with said certain set of light sources and adapted to bypass or not bypass said certain set of lights sources from the driver and the other one of the two shunt switches is in parallel with a subset of said certain set of light sources that are placed in one of the two connecting edges.

US Pat. No. 10,257,911

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR LIGHTING UNIT CONFIGURE FOR PRESENCE DETECTION

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1. A method of powering a plurality of LEDs electrically connected to one another and a radar circuit, comprising:providing power from a power supply to a plurality of individually-controllable groups of LEDs via a wire grid during a plurality of first time periods; and
providing power from an output of at least one LED of the plurality of individually-controllable groups of LEDs to a radar circuit via said wire grid during a plurality of second time periods;
wherein said LEDs are unpowered during said second time periods; and wherein said first time periods and said second time periods are mutually exclusive; and
wherein each group of LEDs is individually controllable based on radar frequency signals received at said radar circuit via an antenna input.

US Pat. No. 10,251,250

LIGHTING SYSTEM FAULT DIAGNOSTIC APPARATUS

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1. A diagnostic apparatus for diagnosing a fault within a lighting system, the lighting system comprising a luminaire and a presence sensor, wherein the presence sensor is configured to control a light output characteristic of the luminaire based on detecting an object within a sensing range, the diagnostic apparatus comprising:an interface configured to receive, from a user, an input to control the luminaire, wherein the received input is indicative of the user being within the sensing range of the presence sensor,
a fault determiner configured to determine a lighting system status and a lighting system fault, wherein the lighting system fault is based on the received input and the determined lighting system status,
a fault reporter configured to generate a fault report based on the determined lighting system fault; and
a sensor determiner configured to determine a status of the presence sensor, wherein the fault determiner is configured to determine the lighting system status based on receiving the status of the presence sensor, and further configured to determine a type of lighting system fault based on the lighting system status and the received input; and
wherein the fault determiner is configured to determine a presence sensor fault when the sensor determiner output fails to produce an output indicating the presence sensor detecting an object indicative of the user being within the sensing range.

US Pat. No. 10,251,384

LIGHTING SYSTEM FOR INSECT CONTROL

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1. An insect control system, comprising:a light source arrangement comprising one or more light sources with a tuneable spectrum or polarization such that the light source arrangement has a first spectrum and a second spectrum, or a first polarization and a second polarization, wherein the first spectrum or first polarization is for attracting a type of insect more than the second spectrum or second polarization, and wherein the first spectrum and second spectrum, or the first polarization and the second polarization have the same visual appearance to a human.

US Pat. No. 10,271,389

CONVERTER WITH CONTROL LOOP

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1. A converter for converting an input signal from a source into an output signal destined for a load, the converter comprising a switch for, in response to a control signal, controlling an amplitude of the output signal, the converter further comprising a control loop for, in response to a detection of the amplitude of the output signal, producing the control signal, the control loop comprising:a first circuit for, in response to the detection of the amplitude of the output signal, counting a first number of first time-intervals for which the amplitude of the output signal is above or below a reference amplitude,
a second circuit for controlling and scaling a counting result from the first circuit into the control signal having a control value, and
a third circuit for, in response to the first number of first time-intervals being equal to or larger than a reference number, overruling the second circuit and producing the control signal having a first or second limit value.

US Pat. No. 10,271,408

USER INTERFACE WITH POSITION AWARENESS

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1. A user interface device (UID) for controlling one or more lighting systems having one or more light sources, the UID comprising:a sensor determines a location of the UID in relation to said one or more lighting systems, said sensor determines said location based on information carried in one or more signals emitted by the one or more light sources, said one or more light sources measures at least one of a strength and a time of flight of a UID signal from said UID and sends said measured at least one of strength and time of flight of said UID signal to the UID which determines said location of the UID, wherein the one or more light sources communicate wirelessly with the UID: and
a controller determines at least a nearest light source of said one or more lighting systems relative to said location of said UID and controls at least one lighting attribute of said nearest light source in accordance with said location based on parameters, presets or modes of operation associated with the nearest light source or with a group of light sources including the nearest light source.

US Pat. No. 10,306,737

METHOD FOR CONFIGURING A DEVICE IN A LIGHTING SYSTEM

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1. A method for configuring a first device in a lighting system, the method comprising the steps of:accessing one or more light settings stored in a memory, which light settings are defined by one or more light setting rules, wherein the one or more light setting rules are descriptive of properties of respective light settings,
connecting the first device to the lighting system,
identifying a device property of the first device, wherein the device property Is descriptive of the type of control signals the first device can generate and/or receive;
determining if the device property of the first device is compliant with at least one of the one or more light setting rules of at least one of the one or more light settings, and if so associating the first device with the one or more light settings, and
storing the association.

US Pat. No. 10,254,521

OPTICAL COLLIMATOR FOR LED LIGHTS

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1. A collimating optics for light emitting diode lights (LEDs), comprising:a reflection collimator having a first aperture for receiving an LED light and for allowing incoming light from the LED light to enter said collimator and a second aperture for allowing outgoing light to exit said collimator, the reflection collimator further having a wall element extending from said first aperture to said second aperture and having an inner reflective surface for reflecting a first portion of said incoming light from said first aperture towards said second aperture,
a first convex lens arranged at a distance from the first aperture for refracting a second portion of said incoming light, and
a second convex lens arranged at the second aperture for refracting said outgoing light so as to collimate said outgoing light,
wherein the wall element comprises a first portion that is configured to reflect and diverge incoming light incident on the first portion such that said reflected, divergent light is guided away from the second convex lens;
wherein the first portion of the wall element comprises the first aperture;
wherein the wall element comprises a second portion comprising the second aperture; and
wherein the second portion of the wall element is configured to reflect and collimate incoming light incident on the second portion.

US Pat. No. 10,252,022

COLOR LIGHTING SYSTEM TO INFLUENCE PERCEPTION OF AMBIENT TEMPERATURE

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1. A lighting control device comprising:a processor configured to select, on the basis of a predetermined criterion, a particular group among a plurality of groups of color of light, said color of light having been categorized into groups on the basis of dominant wavelength, where each group of colors is arranged to influence a vertebrate's thermoregulation in a particular manner,
and said processor further configured to generate a control signal for controlling the dominant wavelength of light emitted from a plurality of light sources in accordance with the selected group of colors;
a transmitter configured to transmit the generated control signal to said plurality of light sources for said plurality of light sources to emit light of the selected group of colors, thereby influencing the thermoregulation of the vertebrate being exposed to the light of the selected group of colors emitted by said plurality of light sources on the basis of said predetermined criterion;
the transmitter configured to transmit the control signal to a climate control device configured to control a climate control system, the control signal indicating whether to lower or increase the output temperature of the climate control system depending on the selected group of colors and to influence the thermoregulation of the vertebrate;
wherein the output temperature of the climate control system is lowered when the predetermined criterion is to lower heating energy consumption of the climate control system, for which criterion a group of colors having a dominant wavelength in the range of about 576-700 nm is selected; or the output temperature of the climate control system is increased when the predetermined criterion is to lower cooling energy consumption in the climate control system for which criterion a group of colors having a dominant wavelength in the range of about 460-520 nm is selected; and
wherein the processor is further configured to form a basis for the categorization of color of light into groups based on properties not defined by the CIE1931 chromaticity diagram.

US Pat. No. 10,277,455

METHOD FOR OPERATING A NODE IN A NETWORK AND NODE DEVICE

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1. A method for operating a node in a network, said network further comprising a resource restricted device, the method comprising the steps of(a) placing an ACK message in a buffer of the node, when said buffer does not contain a buffered message to be transmitted to the resource restricted device;
(b) after step (a), detecting a received message transmitted by the resource restricted device;
(c) transmitting the ACK message or the buffered message to the resource restricted device after detection of the received message;
the method further comprising repeating steps (a) to (c) after the ACK message or the buffered message has been transmitted, wherein the buffer always contains a message ready to be sent.

US Pat. No. 10,267,461

LIGHTING MODULE AND LIGHTING DEVICE COMPRISING THE LIGHTING MODULE

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1. A lighting device comprising:a lighting module comprising:
a light-transmissive, elongated member having an inner surface which at least in part defines a light-guiding region within the elongated member; and
a plurality of light-emitting elements, each light-emitting element being configured to emit light, wherein the light-emitting elements are coupled to the inner surface of the elongated member such that an optical axis of at least one of the light-emitting element is non-perpendicular with respect to a longitudinal axis of the lighting module;
wherein the longitudinal axis of the lighting module is an axis of rotational symmetry of the lighting module such that the elongated member has a circular cross-sectional shape perpendicular to the longitudinal axis;
wherein the elongated member has at least a first end and a second end that are aligned along the longitudinal axis and are both open to permit passage of fluid therethrough and into and out of the first end and the second end, respectively;
the lighting device further comprising a light-transmissive envelope enclosing the lighting module; and
wherein the light-transmissive envelope defines a fluidly sealed and enclosed space within which the lighting module is arranged.

US Pat. No. 10,267,505

PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICE

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1. A portable lighting device comprising:at least one light source arranged to emit light to illuminate an environment of the portable lighting device;
at least one sensor, each of the at least one sensor arranged to provide a sensor output signal; and
a control module arranged to receive the sensor output signal from each of the at least one sensor, wherein the control module is configured to:
detect user manipulation of the portable lighting device relative to a support surface on which the portable lighting device is supported based on one or more of the at least one sensor output signal; and
control the light emitted from the at least one light source based on the detected user manipulation;
detect translational movement of the portable lighting device relative to said support surface based on one or more of the at least one sensor output signal; and
control the light emitted from the at least one light source based on the detected translational movement.

US Pat. No. 10,264,640

PHASE-CUT DIMMER DEVICE AND METHOD OF PHASE-CUT DIMMING FOR A LIGHTING UNIT CONTROLLED BY A ROCKER-TYPE USER INTERFACE

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1. A device, comprising:a bidirectional triode thyristor configured to supply an AC input voltage to one or more lighting units when the bidirectional triode thyristor is triggered;
a triggering circuit configured to trigger the bidirectional triode thyristor, the triggering circuit including a variable resistance element, wherein a resistance of the variable resistance element sets a triggering time during each half cycle of a period of the AC input voltage when the bidirectional triode thyristor is triggered; and
a controller configured to receive a dimming input signal from a reference-free user interface in response to a user interaction with the reference-free user interface, wherein the controller is further configured in response to the dimming input signal to produce at least one electrical signal and to supply the at least one electrical signal to the variable resistance element to control the resistance of the variable resistance element to set the triggering time for triggering the bidirectional triode thyristor so as to control a light output by the one or more lighting units in response to the dimming input signal.

US Pat. No. 10,264,435

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PROVIDING ACKNOWLEDGEMENT INDICATORS IN A WIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORK

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1. A resource restricted user-operated device providing control commands over a wireless acknowledgement-based communication network to a destination device upon actuation by a user wherein the resource restricted user-operated device receives user input to trigger a user-perceivable reaction of the user-operated device or a system controlled by it, the resource restricted user-operated device comprising:a detector configured to detect an actuation pattern of the user-operated device upon actuation of a user;a processing unit, wherein the processing unit is configured to:compare the detected actuation pattern with a predetermined pattern;
generate an acknowledgement indicator for transmission to the wireless acknowledgement-based communication network indicative of a successful or unsuccessful transmission of a previously sent control command to the destination device in dependence of a comparison result of the actuation pattern with the predetermined pattern; and
wherein the detector comprises a capacitor adapted to store energy harvested during actuation of the user-operated device by a user and to discharge at a predetermined rate; wherein the detector is further adapted to determine a residual charge in the capacitor upon actuation by a user; and wherein the processing unit is further configured to generate the acknowledgement indicator in dependence of a value of the residual charge.

US Pat. No. 10,264,516

NETWORK DISCOVERY WITH TOUCHLINK OPTION

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1. A wireless touchlink target device for controlling network and device discovery in a ZigBee Light Link network, wherein said wireless touchlink target device is adapted to initiate a network discovery search scan over a plurality of different channels in order to transmit a beacon request command from said device on each of said plurality of different channels and wait for a beacon response during a first duration on each of said plurality of different channels, wherein said wireless touchlink target device is adapted to perform network discovery for obtaining a Medium Access Control association, wherein said wireless touchlink target device is adapted to initiate, during said network discovery search scan, at least one intermittent switch to a device discovery listening mode in which said wireless touchlink target device listens on a predetermined channel for a second duration to allow receipt of a scan request command for device discovery by a touchlink initiator device, and wherein said wireless touchlink target device is configured to allow the one intermittent switch to be in device discovery listening mode while simultaneously performing said network discovery search scan over a single continuous period.

US Pat. No. 10,263,510

DC/DC RESONANT CONVERTERS AND POWER FACTOR CORRECTION USING RESONANT CONVERTERS, AND CORRESPONDING CONTROL METHODS

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1. An AC/DC PFC converter, comprising:an AC input;
a rectifier;
a half bridge inverter comprising a first switch and a second switch, wherein a first output is defined from a node between the switches;
a self-oscillating resonant circuit coupled to the first output and having a second output for providing a converter output voltage or current and wherein the self-oscillating resonant circuit is arranged for providing an electrical feedback parameter; and
a self-oscillating control circuit for generating a gate drive signal for controlling the switching of the first switch and second switch in dependence on the electrical feedback parameter in order to control the converter output voltage or current, wherein a high gate drive signal turns on one switch and turns off the other switch and a low gate drive signal turns off the one switch and turns on the other switch, wherein the control circuit comprises:
an input for receiving a threshold value for the electrical feedback parameter;
an output circuit for generating the gate drive signal based on a comparison of the electrical feedback parameter with the threshold in a first mode; and
a timeout circuit arranged to provide a restart signal for restarting switching of the gate drive in a second mode wherein the electrical feedback parameter fails to achieve the desired threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,263,532

MULTIPLE POWER SOURCES FOR A SWITCHING POWER CONVERTER CONTROLLER

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1. An apparatus comprising:a first power supply having a first source follower transistor to conduct a start-up current for a controller and supply an operating voltage for the controller; and
a second power supply having a second source follower transistor to conduct a steady-state operational current for the controller and supply an operating voltage from a supply node for the controller, wherein a source of the first source follower transistor and a source of the second source follower transistor are coupled to the supply node and, during operation of the apparatus, when the source of the second source follower transistor is biased with the operating voltage at the supply node to cause the second source follower transistor to turn ON, the second source follower transistor changes the operating voltage and the change in the operating voltage at the supply node causes the first source follower transistor to automatically turn OFF.

US Pat. No. 10,262,527

COMMISSIONING OF REMOTELY MANAGED INTELLIGENT LIGHTING DEVICES

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1. An apparatus adapted to perform an at least partially automated commissioning of a lighting device at installation, comprising:a wireless interface configured to communicate over a pre-existing public wireless network, pre-existing at said installation;
a positioning module configured to determine a location of the lighting device;
a local control module disposed within the lighting device and executing code stored on a storage device incorporated in the lighting device, as part of said commissioning, to determine the location of the lighting device using the positioning module, to automatically retrieve an identifier of the lighting device, and to transmit commissioning information to a register of a lighting management system by transmitting the commissioning information over said pre-existing public wireless network via said wireless interface, the commissioning information comprising the identifier of the lighting device along with the location of the lighting device as determined using said positioning module; and
a subscriber identity module in the lighting device for storing a first security data element arranged to be used to authenticate the apparatus to the public wireless network,
a unique identity module in the lighting device for storing a second security data element arranged to be used to authenticate the apparatus to the lighting management system,
wherein the transmission of the commissioning information over said pre-existing public wireless network is the first communication performed by the local control module upon installation by a given user at a given site, before communicating externally via any other means.

US Pat. No. 10,243,689

INTERFERENCE MITIGATION IN WLAN/WPAN CO-EXISTENCE NETWORKS

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1. A wireless personal area network, WPAN, node operating on a first WPAN channel and adapted to provide interference mitigation, the interference originating from a wireless local area network, WLAN, using a clear channel assessment, CCA, function to cause the WLAN to transmit, the WLAN operating on a WLAN channel having a bandwidth greater than the first WPAN channel bandwidth, the wireless network node comprising:an interference detector adapted to generate an interference indicator upon detection of an interfering signal in the first WPAN channel;
at least one transmitter adapted to transmit a jamming signal; and,
a processor operably coupled to the interference detector and the transmitter, the processor being adapted to operate in at least one of:
a normal mode in which the processor is configured to determine whether an interference indicator is greater than a given interference threshold; and,
a mitigation mode, operable when the interference indicator is greater than the given interference threshold, in which the processor is configured to:
generate the jamming signal; and,
determine one neighbouring second WPAN channel different from the first WPAN channel, based on at least the interference indicator, the second WPAN channel being at least partly comprised within the WLAN channel bandwidth; and,
instruct the transmitter to continuously transmit the jamming signal in the second WPAN channel during a predetermined time period, at a given output power level sufficiently high so that the CCA function on the WLAN does not temporarily cause the WLAN to transmit on the WLAN channel.

US Pat. No. 10,243,756

LIGHTING CONTROL

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1. An apparatus comprising:a transmitter for controlling one or more luminaires which illuminate at least part of an environment occupied by a user, and/or controlling one or more domestic or office appliances available in said environment; and
a controller configured to provide control functionality for controlling the luminaires and/or appliances via the transmitter;
wherein the controller is configured to receive an altitude measurement from an altimeter disposed about the user's person and to perform an assessment, based on said measurement, of a proximity of an altitude of the user to an altitude of each of the luminaires and/or appliances, and based on the assessment to provide said control functionality in dependence on the altitude of the user relative to the altitude of each of the luminaires and/or appliances.

US Pat. No. 10,314,134

RETROFIT LED LAMP

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1. A retrofit lamp to be used with a lighting ballast, comprising:a first pair of connection pins (Pin1, Pin2) and a second pair of connection pins (Pin3, Pin4),
a filament emulation circuit between the connection pins of the first pair and/or between the connection pins of the second pair,
a detection circuit (DET1, DET2) comprising a voltage detection element to react to a potentially existing heating voltage across the filament emulation circuit;
an LED arrangement (D1-D4, D41-D44) comprising at least two LED segments (D1-D4; D41-D44); and
a reconfiguration circuit (BD1, BD8, BD12, BD13) adapted to connect the at least two LED segments in a series configuration if the heating voltage is not existing and to connect the at least two LED segments in a parallel configuration if the heating voltage is existing.

US Pat. No. 10,314,135

LED RETROFIT LAMP HAVING ACTIVE OVER-CURRENT PROTECTION CIRCUIT

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1. An LED retrofit lamp for being connected to a high frequency electronic ballast, the high frequency electronic ballast being adapted for providing a voltage and a current to the LED retrofit lamp, the LED retrofit lamp comprising:an LED unit,
an adapting unit configured to adapt the voltage and the current provided to the LED retrofit lamp at the output of the high frequency electronic ballast to a voltage and a current for operating the LED unit,
a detecting unit configured to detect an electrical value that depends on the current provided to the LED retrofit lamp at the output of the high frequency electronic ballast, and
a ballast protection unit configured to perform, in dependence of the detected electrical value, a switching operation to electrically disconnect the adapting unit from the high frequency electronic ballast, such that the high frequency electronic ballast is protected from an overcurrent situation,
wherein the adapting unit comprises an LC circuit comprising an inductor and a capacitor,
wherein the inductor of the LC circuit is inductively coupled to an auxiliary winding and the detected electrical value is a voltage value derived from a voltage across the auxiliary winding.

US Pat. No. 10,314,144

INTELLIGENT LUMINAIRE

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1. A luminaire comprising:at least one light source for emitting light to illuminate an environment of the luminaire;
an optical sensor comprising an array of photodetectors, the optical sensor configured to output image data indicative of the intensity of light incident on the photodetectors; and
a controller arranged to receive the image data, the controller comprising:
a presence detection module configured to process the image data to detect whether a being is present in said environment, and to control the light emitted by the at least one light source in response to said detection;
a light sensing module configured to process the image data to determine a light level in said environment and to control the light emitted by the at least one light source based on said light level; and
a commissioning module configured to process the image data to recognize a command transmitted by a remote device indicating that the controller is to operate in a commissioning mode,
wherein based on reception of said command, the controller is configured to operate in the commissioning mode, and while the controller is operating in the commissioning mode, the commissioning module being configured to receive a commissioning command transmitted from the remote device, and to configure the luminaire in accordance with the received commissioning command, and
wherein the commissioning module is configured to recognize said command, based on a detection of an increase in intensity values output by only a subset of the photodetectors, by at least a predetermined amount, within a predetermined period of time.

US Pat. No. 10,314,145

POWER-OVER-ETHERNET LIGHTING SYSTEM

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1. A Power-over-Ethernet (PoE) lighting system comprising:a first power source equipment (PSE) device, wherein the first PSE device is adapted to provide power based on:
a first power received from a first power source or
a second power received from a second PSE device,
the second PSE device for providing the second power to the first PSE device via a first fire-resistant PoE connection in case of emergency,
an emergency lighting device, coupled to the first PSE device via a second fire-resistant PoE connection,
a non-emergency lighting device,
wherein the first PSE device is adapted to detect whether power is received from the second PSE device, and
wherein the first PSE device is further adapted to:
provide power to the emergency lighting device based on the second power via the second fire-resistant PoE connection, if it has been detected that power has been received from the second PSE device,
provide power to the non-emergency lighting device based on the first power, if it has not been detected that power has been received from the second PSE device, wherein the second PSE device is adapted to provide control data via the first fire-resistant PoE connection to the first PSE device for controlling the non-emergency lighting device, and wherein the first PSE device is adapted to consider the provided control data only, if no power is received from the second PSE device.

US Pat. No. 10,300,297

LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE AND PHOTO-THERAPY DEVICE COMPRISING A LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE

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1. A light-emitting device comprising:a light-emitting module comprising a plurality of sets of light-emitting elements, wherein at least two of said sets have a different number of light-emitting elements;
a power module adapted to selectively convey electrical power to the plurality of sets during respective non-overlapping time intervals for powering the respective sets;
a control module being adapted to control the power module to convey power to the plurality of sets during respective non-overlapping time intervals until power has been conveyed to each set of the plurality of sets at least once;
wherein the power module is configured such that it has an upper capacity limit with respect to an electrical power that can be conveyed to the plurality of sets, the upper capacity limit corresponding to an electrical power requirement of a largest set, having a maximum number of light-emitting elements, of the plurality of sets at a given momenta and
wherein the plurality of sets of light-emitting elements are arranged to provide spatially interweaved sets of light-emitting elements and the control module is adapted to convey power to the plurality of sets in such an order so as to minimize average spatial separation between subsequently powered sets of the plurality of sets on basis of the interweaved arrangement of the plurality of sets relatively to each other in the light-emitting device.

US Pat. No. 10,302,371

LOW WEIGHT TUBE FIN HEAT SINK

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1. A heat sink comprising a plurality of pin-shaped fins and a support, wherein each fin has a fin height relative to the support, a bottom part associated with the support and a top part, a cross-section having a first width (d1) and a second width (d2) having a ratio d1/d2 selected from the range of 1.2-10, and a first width axis, wherein the first width axes of the pin-shaped fins are arranged parallel, and wherein the pin-shaped fins are hollow over at least part of their fin height, wherein each pin-shaped fin comprises a fin wall with the fin wall defining a cavity within the pin-shaped fin having a cavity height, wherein the cavity has a cavity cross-section with a cavity cross-sectional area, wherein over at least part of the cavity height the cavity cross-sectional area reduces in a direction from the top part to the bottom part.

US Pat. No. 10,299,441

HORTICULTURE LIGHTING DEVICE AND A METHOD TO STIMULATE PLANT GROWTH AND BIO-RHYTHM OF A PLANT

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1. A horticulture lighting device, comprising:a first solid state light source arranged to emit direct red light having a maximum emission wavelength of 600 to 680 nm, preferably 640 to 680 nm,
a wavelength converting member arranged to receive at least part of said direct red light emitted from said first solid state light source and to convert said received direct red light to far-red light having a maximum emission wavelength of 700 to 760 nm, preferably 720 to 760 nm,
an additional solid state light source arranged to emit said direct red light, and
a reflective panel arranged in between the first solid state light source and said additional light source to reduce light impinging on said wavelength converting member from said additional light source;
wherein each of said solid state light sources, the reflective panel, and said wavelength converting member is assembled to a single unit; and,
wherein a ratio of said direct red to said far-red light emitted from said lighting device is set by adjusting the fraction of said direct red light impinging on said wavelength converting member from said first solid state light source and by independently regulating the intensity of light emitted by each of said solid state light sources.

US Pat. No. 10,302,274

LUMINAIRE, MODULAR SURFACE COVERING ARRANGEMENT AND LUMINAIRE KIT

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1. A luminaire comprising:a cover plate including a light exit window and a region surrounding the light exit window, at least a part of said region comprising a plurality of protrusions as first fixing members;
a reflector comprising at least one edge, the edge comprising a plurality of holes as second fixing members; wherein the protrusions extend through the holes, each protrusion having a portion extending beyond the opening through which the protrusion extends, said portion being bent over an edge of the opening to secure the reflector on the cover plate;
a plurality of solid state lighting elements within an inner volume delimited by the reflector and the cover plate, wherein the solid state lighting elements are arranged to direct their luminous output towards the light exit window;
wherein the region comprises a rim fully around the light exit window that is angled to a main surface of the cover plate, the protrusions extending from the rim;
a diffuser plate mounted in between the reflector and the cover plate such that the diffuser plate covers the entire light exit window; and
wherein the diffuser plate comprises an outer region and is dimensioned such that the outer region is placed between the at least one reflector edge and the cover plate region, the outer region comprising a plurality of notches arranged to allow the protrusions to extend into the holes.

US Pat. No. 10,295,153

OPTICAL SYSTEM FOR PRODUCING UNIFORM ILLUMINATION

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1. An optical system for producing uniform illumination on a target, comprising:a body;
a recess formed on a bottom side of the body at a central region thereof accommodating a light source arranged in an integration zone, the recess having a side entry surface and a central entry surface;
a total internal reflection surface provided at a side surface of the body, wherein the total internal reflection surface comprises a plurality of first lenslets, each of the first lenslets being radially adjacent to one or more others of the first lenslets and circumferentially adjacent to one or more others of the first lenslets; and
an exit surface provided at a top side of the body, the exit surface comprising a plurality of second lenslets, each of the second lenslets being radially adjacent to one or more others of the second lenslets and circumferentially adjacent to one or more others of the second lenslets;
wherein each of the first lenslets forms a pair with a respective one of the second lenslets, such that a distance separating each pair of lenslets is substantially equal to a focal length of both the first and second lenslet in that pair;
wherein the light source provides light to the total internal reflection surface through the side entry surface;
wherein the first lenslets of the pairs image the light source from the integration zone on the second lenslets of the pairs; and
wherein the second lenslets of the pairs image the first lenslets of the pairs on the target,
such that the optical system produces uniform illumination on the target.

US Pat. No. 10,298,326

CODED LIGHT

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1. A device for processing and/or decoding an input signal, the device comprising:a camera configured to capture the input signal (X(f)); and
a processor, wherein the processor includes a Wiener filter for equalizing an effect of a first filter on the input signal (X(f)) which is subject to the first filter and to noise and/or interference (N(f)), wherein
the first filter is dependent on at least one unknown quantity;
the Wiener filter is configured based on an averaged representation of the first filter averaged over said at least one unknown quantity, in place of a representation of the first filter being assumed to be known; and
wherein said averaged representation comprises an average of the conjugate of the first filter; and
wherein the input signal (X(f)) comprises a coded light signal captured by a rolling shutter acquisition process whereby each line of a frame is exposed in turn for an exposure time, said Wiener filter being a result of the rolling shutter acquisition process with the exposure time being said plurality of unknown quantities.

US Pat. No. 10,295,085

CABLE ANCHOR

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1. A method for attaching a cable to a sheet, comprising:mounting a second clamp portion to a first side of a sheet, so that a second cable receiving portion protrudes through the sheet to receive the cable at a second side of the sheet opposite to the first side;
positioning the cable in the second cable receiving portion;
positioning a first clamp portion with a first cable receiving portion over the cable so that the cable is between the first and second cable receiving portions thus sandwiching the cable and the sheet between the first and second clamp portions; and
securing the first and second clamping portions to each other so that the first and second cable receiving portions co-operate to retain the cable;
wherein the step of attaching the second clamp portion to the sheet comprises securing the second clamp portion to the sheet with mounting members that protrude from a mounting surface of the second clamp portion;
wherein the step of attaching the second clamp portion to the sheet comprises;
aligning at least one flexible mounting member with at least one mount aperture in the sheet,
pressing the second clamp portion towards the first side of the sheet,
displacing the distal end of the at least one flexible mounting member as it passes through the at least one mount aperture,
releasing the pressure from the second clamp portion thus allowing the distal end of the at least one flexible mounting member to return from its displaced position.

US Pat. No. 10,297,140

EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND TRACKING USING LIGHTING NETWORKS

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1. A method of obtaining a health condition and target location of a user associated with a body worn device including a sensor, the method comprising acts of:monitoring an indication of, using the sensor of body worn device, a health condition of user;
determining, using the indication, whether a predetermined health condition is present in the user;
maintaining a database, in a sewer, of information describing geographic locations of a plurality of lighting units, each lighting unit transmitting an identifier using modulated light;
providing the body worn device with a lighting unit identifier sensor, the sensor receiving lighting unit identifiers of at least one of the plurality of lighting units;
transmitting, by the body worn device, the received lighting unit identifiers with the indication in a message to the server via a network; and
providing, by the server, a geographic location corresponding to the target location of the body worn device, using the database and the received lighting unit identifiers; and
wherein said sensor and said lighting unit identifier sensor are a same camera for both receiving said lighting unit identifiers and sensing said a health condition of the user.

US Pat. No. 10,288,227

DIMABLE LIGHT EMITTING ARRANGEMENT

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9. A dimmable light emitting arrangement comprising:a first light source adapted to emit light of a first wavelength range between 380 and 460 nm,
a second light source adapted to emit light of a second wavelength range between 570 and 610 nm,
a first wavelength converting member comprising a first portion including a first wavelength converting material and a second portion including a second wavelength converting material, wherein the second portion is disposed on top of the first portion,
a second wavelength converting member including the second wavelength converting material;
wherein the first wavelength converting member is arranged remote from the second wavelength converting member and is configured to solely receive unconverted light emitted from the first light source, the first wavelength converting material of the first portion being configured to convert at least a portion of the light of the first wavelength range into light having an emission peak within a third wavelength range between 470 and 570 nm, wherein the second wavelength converting material of the second portion is configured to convert light of the first wavelength range into light having an emission peak within a fourth wavelength range between 590 and 630 nm,
wherein the second wavelength converting member is arranged remote from the first wavelength converting member and is configured to solely receive unconverted light emitted from the second light source, the second wavelength converting material of the second wavelength converting member being configured to convert light of the second wavelength range into light having an emission peak within the fourth wavelength range.

US Pat. No. 10,288,262

SOLID STATE LIGHTING DEVICE WITH AN ADJUSTABLE REFLECTOR

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1. A solid state lighting device comprising:a housing having a first light exit surface and a second light exit surface;
at least one solid state lighting element contained in said housing for generating a luminous output;
an adjustable reflector contained in said housing having an adjustable orientation status for redirecting said luminous output to one of said first light exit surface and second light exit surface dependent on said orientation status; and
a control member for adjusting the orientation status of the adjustable reflector;
wherein the adjustable reflector comprises a flexible planar element,
wherein the adjustable reflector having the adjustable orientation status has an adjustable shape;
wherein the at least one solid state lighting element comprises a plurality of solid state lighting elements which are arranged in respective first and second rows on opposing surfaces of the housing, and wherein the adjustable reflector having the adjustable shape is adjustable between:a first shape in which the luminous output of the first row of solid state lighting elements is reflected towards the first light exit surface and the luminous output of the second row of solid state lighting elements is reflected towards the second light exit surface opposing the first light exit surface; anda second shape in which the respective luminous outputs of the first and second rows of solid state lighting elements are reflected towards the first light exit surface.

US Pat. No. 10,292,225

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR ADAPTABLE LIGHTING UNIT

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1. An adaptable LED-based lighting unit, comprising:a plurality of LEDs producing a light output having at least one adaptable light output characteristic;
a controller electrically coupled to the plurality of LEDs and controlling the at least one adaptable light output characteristic in accordance with received lighting configuration data comprising light distribution or color temperature data; and
an RFID reader to receive said lighting configuration data and transmit said lighting configuration data to said controller;
wherein said lighting configuration data is selected from a set of predefined lighting configuration data comprising light distribution or color temperature data, is received in response to integration of said LEDs within a particular lighting implementation, and is specific to said particular lighting implementation.

US Pat. No. 10,292,246

AREA ILLUMINATION SYSTEM AND METHOD

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1. An illumination system for generating a predefined illumination pattern on an area, the system comprising:a plurality of luminaires, each luminaire having an orientation adjustment mechanism and being arranged to generate a contribution to said predefined illumination pattern on a part of said area;
a plurality of cameras, each camera associated with at least one of said luminaires for capturing an image of an illuminated part of said area including the contribution generated by said associated luminaire;
a data storage device storing a light plan including positional information and aiming information for each luminaire; and
a control unit adapted to facilitate the generation of the predefined illumination pattern by:
evaluating one of said images to determine a deviation from the predefined illumination pattern for the illuminated part of said area captured in said image;
selecting a luminaire from said plurality of luminaires based on information contained in said light plan; and
generating an orientation adjustment signal for the selected luminaire based on the determined deviation.

US Pat. No. 10,284,927

COMMISSIONING LOAD DEVICES VIA CHALLENGE-RESPONSE-TIMING

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1. A commission device configured to commission load devices, which commission device comprisesa first transmitter configured to transmit an activation signal to a load device for activating this load device,
a second transmitter configured to transmit a number of challenge signals to the activated load device, which activated load device is configured to respond to the number of challenge signals by sending back a response signal per challenge signal to the commission device,
a first receiver configured to receive the response signals from the activated load device, and
a controller configured to determine time-intervals present between transmissions of the challenge signals and receptions of the response signals, which controller is further configured to derive a position of the load device from an analysis of the time-intervals.

US Pat. No. 10,281,639

SOLID STATE LIGHTING STRIP FOR MOUNTING IN OR ON A PANEL SUPPORT ELEMENT OF A MODULAR PANEL SYSTEM

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1. A modular panel system comprising a primary panel support element, a secondary panel support element detachably coupled to the primary panel support element, and a solid state lighting strip integrated with the secondary panel support element, the solid state lighting strip comprising:a housing having a top surface facing the secondary panel support element and a bottom surface including a light exit window,
a plurality of solid state lighting elements disposed in the housing,
a light extraction layer disposed in the housing and between the solid state lighting elements,
a glare reducing layer at the light exit window, and
shielding reflectors between the lighting elements and the glare reducing layer,wherein the light extraction layer and the glare reducing layer are arranged opposite each other,wherein the plurality of solid state lighting elements are arranged adjacent to the light extraction layer such that light emitted by said solid state lighting elements is coupled into the glare reducing layer via the light extraction layer and the light exits through the light exit window of the housing,wherein the plurality of solid state lighting elements comprises a first group of solid state lighting elements and a second group of solid state lighting elements on opposite sides of the light extraction layer, andwherein a pitch of the solid state lighting elements in said groups is less than twice of a width of the light extraction layer.

US Pat. No. 10,281,128

LIGHTING DEVICE COMPRISING A SPLIT LIGHTING ENGINE

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1. A lighting device comprising:a split lighting engine with at least two thermally separated sub-engines, said lighting device further comprising an envelope and common driver circuitry connected to each sub-engine, the common driver circuitry adapted to provide an electric current or power to each sub-engine, wherein the sub-engines are arranged within the envelope along an optical axis of the lighting device, wherein each sub-engine comprises:
at least one solid state light source connected to the common driver circuitry; and
a component connected to the common driver circuitry, the component adapted to regulate the electric current or power to the at least one solid state light source based on a thermal environment of each sub-engine,
wherein each sub-engine adapts to and operates at a maximum temperature and light output based on the thermal environment.

US Pat. No. 10,285,245

LIGHT SCENE CREATION OR MODIFICATION BY MEANS OF LIGHTING DEVICE USAGE DATA

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1. At least one processor for use in conjunction with a lighting system including at least one lighting device adjustable with respect to intensity, beam shape, beam direction, color, saturation, hue and/or color temperature of light emitted, the at least one lighting device having a plurality of variable attributes relating to use of the at least one lighting device, wherein the variable attributes relating to use of the at least one lighting device include attributes determinative of properties of light emitted by the at least one lighting device, wherein the variable attributes determinative of properties of light emitted by the at least one lighting device include intensity, beam shape, beam direction, color, saturation, hue, and/or color temperature of light emitted by the at least one lighting device, each attribute having a range of available values, the lighting system being configured such that adjustment of at least one of the plurality of variable attributes relating to use of the at least one lighting device can be carried out by means of transmitting control signals to the respective at least one lighting device, the processor being configured to: receive usage data from the lighting system, the usage data relating to any change in value or values of at least one attribute during use of the at least one lighting device, on basis of the usage data, determine a lighting device settings profile for the at least one lighting device, the lighting device settings profile defining a mode of use of the at least one lighting device that is determined by the processor based on the usage data; and on basis of the lighting device settings profile, generating the control signals for controlling the at least one lighting device based on the defined mode of use determined for the respective at least one lighting device; wherein the processor is configured to receive second data defining a lighting scene and to determine said control signals based on both said second data and said usage data such that said control signals cause light output of the lighting device to replicate said lighting scene based on said usage data.

US Pat. No. 10,285,248

TRANSMITTER COMPRISING A TRANSMISSION QUEUE AND CORRESPONDING SOURCE DEVICE

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1. A transmitting device comprising:a transmitter; and
a controller for receiving transmission requests from a request source, each of the transmission requests requesting transmission of a corresponding message from the transmitter;
wherein the controller comprises a queue for queuing data in a sequence of queue places, the controller being configured to queue the transmission requests in respective ones of the places in an order from a front of the queue backwards, and to enact the transmission request at the front of the queue by controlling the transmitter to perform the transmission of the corresponding message; and
wherein the controller is configured to detect that at least one of said transmission requests is to be treated as a repeating request, and in response to re-insert the repeating request in the queue in one of places farther back than the front after transmission of the corresponding message, so as to retransmit the corresponding message at least once.

US Pat. No. 10,285,249

LIGHTING SYSTEM CONTROLLER

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1. A lighting system controller configured to control at least one controllable luminaire, the lighting system controller comprising:a task definer configured to define at least one task to be performed;
a status determiner configured to determine a status of the at least one task based on comparing sensor data, received from at least one device, against definitions provided by the task definer, wherein the at least one device is physically separated from the lighting system controller and is arranged for determining a state of an object interacted with by a user;
a control signal generator configured to generate at least one lighting system signal based on a received lighting system signal input, received from a physical or software defined switch, indicative of a lighting effect desired by a user, and
a control signal controller configured to output the at least one lighting system signal to the at least one controllable luminaire enabling the lighting system to produce the desired lighting effect based on the status determiner indicating that the at least one task has been completed.

US Pat. No. 10,282,794

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING ENERGY AND GREENHOUSE GAS (GHG) APPORTIONMENT

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1. A method, operable in a processor, for apportioning energy costs for equipment operation, said method causing said processor to execute the steps comprising:receiving, from at least one sub-meter, at least one energy usage and an energy demand corresponding to each of said at least one energy usage during a known period;
receiving, from a master-meter, a total energy usage and a corresponding total energy demand during said known period;
determining a residual energy usage from said total energy usage and said at least one energy usage and a residual energy demand from said total energy demand and said energy demand corresponding to each of said at least one energy usage;
determining a maximum energy demand over said known period, wherein said maximum energy demand is a maximum of an average value of said energy demand corresponding to each of said at least one energy usage determined in each of a plurality of second known periods;
determining a maximum total energy demand over said known period wherein said maximum total energy demand is a maximum of an average value of said received total energy demand determined in each of said plurality of second known periods;
determining a cost of said total energy usage based on at least said total energy usage and said maximum total energy demand;
determining a cost of said residual energy usage based on at least said determined residual energy usage and said maximum residual energy demand;
apportioning said energy costs of equipment operation based on said cost of said total energy usage and said cost of said residual energy usage; and
determining a source of energy generation of said total energy usage and each of said at least one energy usage;
retrieving a greenhouse gas (GHG) emission value associated with the source of generation of said total energy usage and each of said at least one energy usage;
determining an effective emission factor based on the determined sources of energy generation; and
determining the GHG emission based on the effective emission factor.

US Pat. No. 10,274,161

LED SPOT WITH CUSTOMIZABLE BEAM SHAPE, BEAM COLOR AND COLOR UNIFORMITY

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1. A lighting unit comprising a lighting device, wherein the lighting device comprises a light source configured to provide light source light and beam shaping optics configured to shape the light source light into a lighting device beam, wherein the lighting device comprises a window comprising an upstream face directed to the light source and a downstream face, wherein the lighting unit further comprises a beam modifier configured adjacent to the window and configured to intercept at least part of said lighting device beam, wherein the lighting device and the beam modifier are configured to modify said lighting device beam to provide a lighting unit beam downstream from said beam modifier, wherein the beam modifier comprises a printed beam modifying element, and wherein the beam modifying element is configured to intercept up to 80% of a cross-section of said lighting device beam,wherein the beam modifier comprises a 3D printed beam modifying element and is configured to modify the lighting device beam by one or more of polarization filtering and spectral converting the lighting device beam, and
wherein the beam shaping optics comprises one or more of a lens, a TIR lens, a Fresnel lens, and a reflector.

US Pat. No. 10,274,164

LIGHTING DEVICE COMPRISING A PLURALITY OF DIFFERENT LIGHT SOURCES WITH SIMILAR OFF-STATE APPEARANCE

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1. A lighting device comprising:a plurality of different light sources with a first subset of one or more first light sources configured to provide first light source light and a second subset of one or more second light sources configured to provide second light source light having a spectral distribution different from the first light source light;
wherein the one or more first light sources have a light-source off-state color appearance;
wherein the one or more second light sources comprise one or more optical filters;
wherein the one or more optical filters are selected to convert less than 20% of said second light source light;
wherein each optical filter is associated with a respective second light source; and
wherein the one or more optical filters have the same color appearance as the off-state color appearance of the one or more first light sources.

US Pat. No. 10,278,263

CONTROLLER FOR A LIGHTING ARRANGEMENT

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1. A configurable controller for a lighting arrangement having one or more light emitting elements, the configurable controller comprising:a user interface arrangement, comprising a touch sensitive area, adapted to receive a user input for controlling the lighting arrangement, and
a communication unit adapted to receive, from a user via a remote device, a configuration input indicative of a desired configuration of the user interface arrangement; and
a processing unit,
wherein the processing unit is adapted to map a range of selectable values of an output characteristic of the lighting arrangement to the touch sensitive area based on the received configuration input and further based on at least one characteristic of the touch sensitive area, and wherein the processing unit is further adapted to control the lighting arrangement based on the received user input according to the mapped range of selectable values,
wherein the processing unit is adapted to generate second output data comprising information relating to the at least one characteristic of the touch sensitive area,
wherein the communication unit is adapted to send the second output data to the remote device; and
wherein the at least one characteristic of the touch sensitive area comprises at least one of:
dimension, shape and resolution of the touch sensitive area.

US Pat. No. 10,267,462

HIGH INTENSITY WHITE LIGHT SOURCE

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1. A white light source, comprising:a first light source adapted to emit first light;
a reflecting wavelength converting element arranged to receive first light from the first light source and at least partly convert it to converted light; and
a second light source adapted to emit blue light which in use combines with the converted light to generate white light;
wherein the white light source further comprises a beam shaping element adapted to adjust the intensity profile of the blue light emitted by the second light source to match the intensity profile of the converted light.

US Pat. No. 10,271,409

WIRELESS-COMMUNICATION ENABLED LAMPS

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1. A first lamp for use as one of a plurality of wireless-communication enabled components, each respective one of the components being operable in a first mode in which the respective component appears to a commissioning tool as awaiting commissioning and a second mode in which the respective component does not appear to the commissioning tool as awaiting commissioning, and each of the components being configured to begin in the first mode as part of a commissioning process; wherein the first lamp is configured to perform steps of:A) triggering a second one or more of the components to switch to the second mode, so that during the commissioning process the one or more second components will not to appear to the commissioning tool as awaiting commissioning;
B) operating the first lamp in the first mode, following said switching of the one or more second components to the second mode, so that the first lamp will appear to the commissioning tool as awaiting commissioning; and
C) interacting with the commissioning tool on behalf of said one or more second components, in order for the first lamp and one or more second components to be commissioned as a group.

US Pat. No. 10,310,277

LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE WITH COOLING ELEMENTS

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1. A light emitting device comprising:a first light source and a second light source, the first light source and the second light source being adapted for, in operation, emitting first light with a first spectral distribution,
a luminescent element comprising a first light input surface, a second light input surface, a light exit surface extending in an angle different from zero to both the first light input surface and the second light input surface, a first further surface and a second further surface,
the luminescent element being adapted for receiving the first light with the first spectral distribution at the first light input surface and the second light input surface, converting at least a part of the first light with the first spectral distribution to second light with a second spectral distribution, guiding the second light with the second spectral distribution to the light exit surface and coupling the second light with the second spectral distribution out of the light exit surface,
the light emitting device further comprising a first cooling assembly and a second cooling assembly, the first cooling assembly comprising a first cooling element and a first light source board on which one of the first light source and the second light source is mounted, and the second cooling assembly comprising a second cooling element and a second light source board, on which the other one of the first light source and second light source is mounted; and
characterized by:
one of the first cooling assembly and the second cooling assembly being arranged with a surface in mechanical and thermal contact with the first further surface of the luminescent element thereby forming a first interface and the other of the first cooling assembly and the second cooling assembly being arranged with a surface in mechanical and thermal contact with the second further surface of the luminescent element thereby forming a second interface,
the first interface and the second interface comprising a flatness of less than 10 ?m, and
the root mean squared surface roughness, RRMS, of the first further surface and the second further surface of the luminescent element being comprised in the interval 1 ?m

US Pat. No. 10,309,585

LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE

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1. A light emitting device comprising:at least one light source, and
a light guide unit comprising at least a first light guide and a second light guide each comprising a light input end surface arranged to receive light emitted from said at least one light source, and a light output end surface arranged opposite said light input end surface, said first light guide and said second light guide of said light guide unit being arranged in a nested relationship,
at least a first part of said first light guide and said second light guide having a thickness and being bent in a bending radius R in between the light input end surface and the light output end surface near said light output end surface, such that said first light guide and said second light guide both bend away from the center axis of the light guide unit in a plane parallel to the center axis;
at least a second part of the light guide unit being substantially straight and extending from the light input end in a direction substantially parallel to the center axis of the light guide unit,
at least said first light guide of said light guide unit being ring-shaped in cross section,
wherein a sum of the thicknesses of the first and second light guides at the first part is approximately equal to a combined thickness of the light guide unit at the second part, wherein the thickness of the first light guide and the second light guide is selected with respect to bending radius R to substantially avoid light leakage through a side surface of the first light guide and a side surface of the second light guide.

US Pat. No. 10,309,856

METHOD OF CALIBRATING A SENSOR

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1. A method of calibrating a given sensor, comprising:initiating a calibration procedure from a mobile device;
establishing a communication between the mobile device and the sensor;
obtaining an identification (ID) of the sensor by the mobile device;
determining a position of the mobile device;
sending a request for calibration data to a calibration data provider, the request comprising at least the identification (ID) of the sensor and the position of the mobile device;
receiving calibration data from the calibration data provider, the calibration data corresponding to currently sensed values by at least one other sensor that is already calibrated and of the same type as the given sensor to be calibrated;
providing the given sensor with the calibration data; and
calibrating the given sensor, based on the calibration data, by adjusting the sensor such that an output of the sensor is in conformance with said calibration data.

US Pat. No. 10,309,640

FLOOR COVERING SYSTEM COMPRISING A LIGHTING SYSTEM

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1. A floor covering system comprising:a polyvinyl chloride (PVC) flooring having a user side and an opposite back side; and
a lighting system for generating light, the lighting system provided at the back side of the PVC flooring, the lighting system comprising a plurality of light units, each light unit having one or more light sources disposed on a common substrate;
an auxiliary layer comprising a first side and an opposite second side, the first side of the auxiliary layer positioned at the back side of the PVC flooring, the auxiliary layer further comprising a plurality of openings therethrough, wherein each of the plurality of light units is positioned entirely within a respective one of the openings in the auxiliary layer;
wherein the PVC flooring has a light transmission for light generated by the lighting system in the range of 0.5% to 30% such that the lighting system is not visible through the user side of the PVC flooring, and further wherein the PVC flooring is configured to protect the lighting system from damage when a user walks on the floor covering system; and
wherein the PVC flooring is disposed on at least two of the light units.

US Pat. No. 10,312,730

EMERGENCY LIGHTING SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR AUTOMATIC HEATING POWER EQUALIZATION

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1. An apparatus, comprising:first and second input terminals configured to be connected to a charging power source for charging a backup power supply for an emergency lighting system and to receive an input voltage from the charging power source across the first and second input terminals, the input voltage corresponding to an applied nominal operating voltage of the charging power source among a plurality of nominal operating voltages for the emergency lighting system, each nominal operating voltage corresponding to a type of AC mains;
a voltage level detector configured to produce, in response to the received input voltage, an input voltage level signal indicating the applied nominal operating voltage of the charging power source to which the input voltage corresponds;
a temperature detector configured to determine whether a temperature in a vicinity of the backup power supply exceeds a backup power supply temperature threshold and to produce a temperature signal indicating whether the temperature exceeds the backup power supply temperature threshold; and
a heater including a plurality of heating elements configured to be selectively activated to heat the backup power supply,
wherein the temperature signal determines whether the heater is activated, and when the heater is activated the input voltage level signal determines which of the heating elements is/are activated; and
wherein at least one heating element is configured to be selectively activated while another heating element is configured to be selectively deactivated in response to the temperature signal and input voltage level signal.

US Pat. No. 10,313,009

CODED LIGHT

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1. A device comprising:an input for receiving a signal from a rolling-shutter camera which captures frames of a given duration at a given frame rate by exposing a plurality of lines of each frame in sequence, the signal comprising a coded light signal;
a signal processing module connected to said input and arranged to obtain, via said input, a respective sample of the coded light signal from each of a number of said lines, said number of lines being exposed over a duration, and said number being a substantially smaller number of said lines than the plurality of lines exposed by the camera in each frame;
wherein the coded light signal comprises multiple repetitions of a message wherein the message has a duration longer than the duration over which said number of lines are exposed, and wherein said multiple repetitions of the message are received with a timing such that a different part of the message is seen by the camera in each of a plurality of different ones of said frames;
wherein the signal processing module, based on the frame duration and message duration, is configured to time align the different parts of the message from the plurality of different frames; and reassemble the message from the time-aligned parts by performing at least the following steps:
(i) for each of multiple frames, establish a sample per image line;
(ii) collect all active samples of a given frame into a time-sequence, each positioned at the respective time at which the sample from that line was located within the frame, thereby forming a frame signal for each frame;
(iii) time-aligning the frame signals across the message duration;
(iv) reassembling the message from the time-aligned frame signals.

US Pat. No. 10,274,916

SYSTEM FOR OPTIMISING WORKFLOW FOR EFFICIENT ON-SITE DATA COLLECTION AND DETERMINATION OF ENERGY ANALYSIS AND METHOD OF OPERATION THEREOF

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1. An energy audit system for use in retrofitting energy consuming devices in an energy consuming space, comprising:at least one controller configured to:
obtain attribute information (AI) for the energy consuming devices, the AI comprising information related to a plurality of attributes and corresponding attribute choice information for each of the plurality of attributes;
determine dependencies between each of the plurality of attributes to each determine a dependency score for each of the plurality of attributes based on the determined dependencies;
determine a ranking of each of the attributes based upon the dependency score of each of the attributes;
select a subset of the plurality of attributes based on the ranking;
determine an optimized workflow based upon the subset of the plurality of attributes; and
in accordance with the optimized workflow, render a user interface (UI) for use in retrofitting at least one of the devices to thereby obtain energy savings;
wherein said retrofitting comprises at least one of replacing a lighting fixture and replacing a lighting control device.

US Pat. No. 10,317,441

PROBLEM DETECTION FOR CABLE-FED-LOADS

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1. A device for detecting a problem in at least one of a plurality of loads coupled to a cable of a cable system, the device comprising:a cable interface, coupled to the cable system, to sense a cable signal in response to a signal being offered to the cable, wherein the cable signal is a feeding signal or a simulated feeding signal that supplies power to the cable system, wherein the waveform includes crests and troughs and wherein respective loads of the plurality of loads are coupled to the cable via respective drivers at respective locations;
a processor coupled to the cable interface;
a memory coupled to processor to store at least a waveform of the cable signal feeding the plurality of loads;
wherein the processor analyzes the waveform of the cable signal to determine whether the problem in the at least one of the plurality of loads is present or not without receiving a message or communication from any of the loads and without modification or direct coupling to any of the loads, by amending
a corresponding driver, when a problem in a load occurs, at least one value of the waveform at or near at least one of the crests and the troughs, and the processor determines whether the waveform has been amended by more than a threshold; and
a user interface to inform the user of the problem.

US Pat. No. 10,317,766

ELECTRODE LAYOUT FOR A DISPLAY

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1. A display device, comprising an array of rows and columns of pixels, the array comprising:a commonly controlled plurality of first electrodes for supplying a first common drive signal to each pixel of the array, each first electrode extending through or alongside a row of pixels for supplying the common drive signal to the pixels of the row, wherein the plurality of first electrodes are connected together to supply said common drive signal;
a commonly controlled plurality of second electrodes for supplying a second common drive signal different from the first common drive signal to each pixel of the array, each second electrode extending through or alongside a row of pixels for supplying the second common drive signal to the pixels of the row, wherein the plurality of second electrodes are connected together to supply said second common drive signal; and
a plurality of pixel addressing electrodes for supplying data to the pixels to control optical appearances of the pixels; and
wherein at least the first and second pluralities of electrodes are arranged on a common substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,321,379

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR REDUCING THE LENGTH OF A PACKET STORM IN A WIRELESS MESH NETWORK

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1. A system for controlling information broadcast in a wireless mesh network, the network comprising a plurality of wirelessly interconnected devices, the system comprising:a device table comprised in each of the devices, for tracking which device has successfully relayed a broadcast transmission;
a broadcast table comprised in each of the devices, for keeping a record of any new broadcast transmission that has been initiated by a device of the plurality of wirelessly interconnected devices or received from a neighboring device of the plurality of wirelessly interconnected devices;
wherein each broadcast transmission includes a radius parameter R, which indicates an allowed number of hops through said mesh network before the broadcast transmission is discarded;
wherein the system is adapted to add to a new broadcast transmission a radius parameter R, or to reduce the radius parameter R, by one when a received broadcast transmission is forwarded;
wherein the system is adapted to check information provided in the device table and the broadcast table so as to report to a device of the plurality of wirelessly interconnected devices initiating a message, a maximum repetition number, Rmax, representative of the number of hops which was necessary to transmit the message to each device of the plurality of wirelessly interconnected devices, wherein the maximum repetition number Rmax is determined by the system using a broadcast storm as a number of repetitions necessary to reach every device in the network;
wherein the device table includes a neighbor table for tracking which neighboring device, which is a device within a transmission or reception range of the device, has successfully relayed a broadcast transmission;
and wherein the at least one broadcast table includes a broadcast transaction table for keeping a record of any new broadcast transmission that has been initiated by the associated device or received from a neighboring device;
wherein the at least one device table includes,
a child table for tracking which child device, which is a device to which said device has transmitted a broadcast transmission, has successfully relayed the broadcast transmission;
and wherein the at least one broadcast table includes a broadcast listening table for keeping a record of any new broadcast transmission that has been received by a child device.

US Pat. No. 10,317,045

LIGHT EMITTING APPARATUS FOR EMITTING LIGHT OF VARIABLE SPECTRAL COMPOSITION USING MOVABLE ELEMENT

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1. A light emitting apparatus comprising:an element having a first top surface region arranged to receive light of a first wavelength, convert the light of the first wavelength into light of a second wavelength, and emit the light of the second wavelength, and a second top surface region arranged to reflect light of the first wavelength, the second top surface region being different from the first top surface region,
a reflector arranged to reflect light of the first wavelength,
a light source arranged to emit light of the first wavelength on the reflector such that the reflected light of the first wavelength is directed towards the element,
a lens arranged to focus light of the first wavelength reflected by the reflector onto the element, and to collect light emitted and reflected from the element,
wherein the element is arranged to emit light of the second wavelength with an angular distribution within a collection angle of the lens,
wherein the element is further arranged to reflect light of the first wavelength with an angular distribution substantially within the collection angle of the lens and with an intensity distribution such that a portion of the light of the first wavelength that is reflected with an angular distribution outside a region covered by the reflector is larger than a portion of the light of the first wavelength that is reflected with an angular distribution within the region covered by the reflector,
wherein the element comprises a wavelength converting member and a reflecting member, and
wherein the element is movable in relation to a focal plane of the lens.

US Pat. No. 10,317,055

LIGHTING DEVICE WITH CHANGING ILLUMINATION BASED ON LIGHTING DEVICE CONFIGURATION

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1. A lighting device comprising;a first tubular part,
a second tubular part flexibly connected to the first tubular part so that the lighting device is configurable in at least two configurations,
a sensor for detecting the configuration of the lighting device,
wherein each of the first and second tubular parts comprises a first light source and a second light source, the first light source being configured to emit light in a first direction and the second light source being configured to emit light in a second direction different from the first direction, and
a controller for controlling the first and second light sources, wherein an output of the sensor is fed to the controller, and
wherein, based on the output, the controller selectively powers either the first light source, the second light source, or a combination of the first and second light sources.

US Pat. No. 10,317,059

INTERLOCK ARRANGEMENT FOR A LUMINAIRE

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1. A luminaire comprising a swivel assembly and a lamp support for connection to the swivel assembly,the swivel assembly comprising a swivel member having an interlock element,
the lamp support comprising:
a locking arrangement comprising a deformable portion mounted on a surface of the lamp support, the locking arrangement being adapted to engage with the interlock element of the swivel assembly,
wherein the deformable portion is adapted to be movable relative to the surface of the lamp support so as to move from a first position, in which the swivel assembly is connectable to the locking arrangement so as to permit connection of the swivel member from the lamp support, to a second position, in which the locking arrangement cooperates with the interlock element to prevent removal of the swivel member from the lamp support,
wherein when the swivel assembly and the lamp support are connected, the deformable portion resiliently grips the swivel member,
wherein the lamp support further comprises an aperture adapted to at least partially permit passage of the swivel member therethrough, and
wherein unidirectional passage of the swivel member through the aperture causes the deformable portion to move from the first position to the second position.

US Pat. No. 10,317,579

OPTICAL DEVICE WITH A COLLIMATOR AND LENSLET ARRAYS

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1. A lighting device comprising a light source and an optical device, said optical device comprising:an optical collimator adapted to collimate light from a light source;
a first lenslet array comprising a plurality of first lenslets; and
a second lenslet array comprising a plurality of second lenslets;
wherein the first lenslet array and the second lenslet array are arranged such that:
a tessellation of the first lenslet array coincides in terms of pattern and lenslet shape with a tessellation of the second lenslet array;
the tessellation pattern of the first lenslet array is aligned with the tessellation pattern of the second lenslet array; and such that
light collimated by the optical collimator provides a projection of the light source, the shape of the projection varying as seen at least along a meridional direction of the collimator;
wherein the projection of the light source is focused by the first lenslet array at the second lenslet array;
wherein a ratio of sagittal and meridional dimensions of each one of at least some of the second lenslets increases towards an optical axis of the collimator at least along a meridional direction of the second lenslet array adapted to the varying shape of the projection,
wherein at least some of the second lenslets are arranged to form concentric circles around the optical axis of the collimator and are shaped as circle annulus sectors together forming the concentric circles,
the meridional dimension being in the meridional direction which is defined by any line passing through the optical axis and extending in a plane perpendicular to the optical axis,
the sagittal dimension being in a sagittal direction which is defined by any line extending in a plane perpendicular to the optical axis and being orthogonal to the meridional direction.

US Pat. No. 10,320,711

REAL-TIME WIRELESS MULTICAST ROUTER

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1. A router for controlling multicast transmission in a low-power wireless network, the router comprising:a trickle-based multicast protocol layer, MPL, interface adapted to create a multicast packet; and,
a Medium Access Control, MAC, layer interface comprising a MAC layer queue adapted to receive a plurality of multicast packets, the MAC layer interface being adapted to transmit, over the network, the multicast packets stored in the MAC layer queue in their order of arrival, the MAC layer interface further comprising a MAC retry mechanism associated with a backoff mechanism and adapted to retransmit unsuccessfully transmitted multicast packets;
a real-time layer, RTL, interface coupled to the MPL layer interface and the MAC layer interface, wherein the RTL interface disables the MAC layer queue, the MAC retry mechanism and the MAC backoff mechanism and receives the multicast packet from the MPL layer interface,
alters the multicast packet by adding a deadline by which said altered ,multicast packet is to be discarded by a router of the network, and, discards said multicast packet where said deadline has already passed;
wherein the RTL interface further forwards said altered multicast packet to the MAC layer interface when the latter is ready to transmit puts said altered multicast packet on hold when the MAC layer is not ready to transmit, and forwards or puts on hold said altered multicast packet based on said deadline.

US Pat. No. 10,313,138

POWERED DEVICE AND POWER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM COMPRISING THE POWERED DEVICE

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1. A powered device for being used in a power distribution system, the system comprising a power sourcing device for sourcing a power to the powered device and an electrical conductor connected to the power sourcing device and the powered device for conveying the sourced power along with data between the power sourcing device and the powered device, wherein the powered device comprises:an electrical load; and
an electrical load power providing unit for generating from the sourced power an electrical load power and for providing the electrical load power to the electrical load,
wherein the electrical load power providing unit is adapted to generate the electrical load power with a power level such that an input current drawn by the powered device from the power sourcing device is maximized below a predefined upper input current threshold, allowing the powered device to consume more power than allowed to the powered device according to a negotiated power class,
wherein the electrical load power providing unit is adapted to generate the electrical load power with incrementally increasing power levels until the powered device is cut-off by the power sourcing device, wherein the electrical load power providing unit is further adapted to generate the electrical load power with a particular power generation setting corresponding to a power level that is below the power level that caused the cut-off.