US Pat. No. 9,457,914

BRINGING CRITICAL NOTIFICATIONS TO A PILOT VIA EYE TRACKING

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A method for providing an alert to a pilot, comprising:
receiving a plurality of alerts;
identifying a highest priority alert from the plurality of alerts;
determining a current gaze of the pilot to be within a precise location of a display using an eye tracking system;
presenting the highest priority alert within the precise location of the display;
presenting additional information related to the highest priority alert within the precise location of the display; and
receiving an input in response to the highest priority alert, wherein the additional information is presented in response
to the input.

US Pat. No. 9,489,575

SENSOR-BASED NAVIGATION CORRECTION

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A synthetic vision system for an aircraft, comprising:
at least one position sensor configured to:
(a) determine a first coordinate set of at least one first coordinate, the first coordinate set corresponding to a first location
of the aircraft; and

(b) update a second coordinate set of at least one second coordinate, the second coordinate set corresponding to a current
location of the aircraft, by replacing at least one second coordinate with the at least one first coordinate;

at least one image sensor configured to capture at least one first image based on a second location of the aircraft;
at least one georeference engine coupled with the at least one image sensor and the at least one position sensor, the georeference
engine configured to:

(a) generate at least one location model based on the at least one first image;
(b) determine a third coordinate set of at least one third coordinate, the third coordinate set corresponding to the second
location of the aircraft, by comparing the at least one location model to at least one terrain database; and

(c) update the second coordinate set by replacing at least one second coordinate with the at least one third coordinate;
at least one combiner coupled with the at least one position sensor and the at least one image sensor, the at least one combiner
configured to generate at least one second image based on at least the second coordinate set and the at least one first image;
and

at least one display unit coupled with the at least one combiner, the at least one display unit configured to display the
at least one second image.

US Pat. No. 9,545,043

SHIELDING ENCAPSULATION FOR ELECTRICAL CIRCUITRY

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. An electromagnetic interference shielded device, comprising:
an electrical circuit comprising a radio frequency module or a digital module;
a conforming dielectric layer disposed on at least a portion of the electrical circuit;
an electrically non-conductive encapsulant layer disposed on at least a portion of the dielectric layer and disposed on the
radio frequency module or the digital module of the electrical circuit, the dielectric layer being between the electrical
circuit and the electrically non-conductive encapsulant layer, the electrically non-conductive encapsulant layer comprising
a substantially planar encapsulant-air interface and an encapsulant-dielectric interface, the encapsulant-air interface extending
across the electrically non-conductive encapsulant layer; and

a plurality of particles anisotropically dispersed within the electrically non-conductive encapsulant layer such that a particle
concentration along the substantially planar encapsulant-air interface is higher than a particle concentration along the encapsulant-dielectric
interface, the plurality of particles comprising a Nickel-Manganese (NiMn) ferrite material or polyacetylene,

wherein the particle concentration at the encapsulant-air interface is sufficiently high to provide electromagnetic interference
protection to the electrical circuit and the particle concentration at the encapsulant-dielectric interface is sufficiently
low to provide short-circuit protection of the electrical circuit along the encapsulant-dielectric interface.

US Pat. No. 9,565,758

ALKALI SILICATE GLASS BASED COATING AND METHOD FOR APPLYING

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A method for preventing the oxidation of a solder joint or electrical interconnect of an electronic device, comprising:
applying an alkali silicate glass material solution to the soldering joint or electrical interconnect; and
curing the alkali silicate glass material solution at a temperature less than or equal to approximately 160° C. to form an
alkali silicate glass based coating on the soldering joint or electrical interconnect.

US Pat. No. 9,471,125

ENERGY EFFICIENT PROCESSING DEVICE

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A processing device, comprising:
a microprocessor comprising a control unit and a datapath unit, said control unit directing said datapath unit;
said control unit comprising:
a control store having therein a microprogram which comprises fully decoded microinstructions;
a look behind control store register cache comprising a plurality of registers configured to receive and store data from a
predetermined number of previously accessed memory locations in said control store and a clock transition isolating gate which
provides clock enable signals for power reduction, the plurality of registers including latches or flip flops; and

a controller for controlling access to data stored in said look behind control store register cache and said control store,
wherein the look behind control store register cache is written and stores a copy of a microinstruction accessed from the
control store, wherein the look behind control store register cache is accessed when a requested microinstruction is present
within the look behind control store register cache and access to the control store is avoided.

US Pat. No. 9,274,521

EMPLOYING LOCAL, OPPORTUNISTIC AUTOMATIC DEPENDENT SURVEILLANCE-BROADCAST (ADS-B) INFORMATION PROCESSED BY AN UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE GROUND CONTROL STATION TO AUGMENT OTHER SOURCE “KNOWLEDGE” OF LOCAL AIRCRAFT POSITION INFORMATIO

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A Ground Control Station (GCS) that controls flight operations of at least one small Unmanned Aerial System (sUAS) platform,
comprising:
a first communication unit that receives at least one of flight telemetry data and position reference data from the at least
one sUAS platform that the GCS controls;

a second communication unit that receives Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) messages from ADS-B-equipped
aircraft;

an information extraction unit that extracts (1) a geographic position of the at least one sUAS platform that the GCS controls
from the at least one of the received flight telemetry data and position reference data for the sUAS platform and (2) a geographic
position of the ADS-B-equipped aircraft from the ADS-B message; and

a third communication unit that reports the geographic position of the at least one sUAS platform that the GCS controls and
the geographic position of the ADS-B-equipped aircraft to at least one other GCS that does not control the at least one sUAS
platform for display on the at least one other GCS and a remote facility for display on a situational awareness display device
in the remote facility.

US Pat. No. 9,274,339

WORN DISPLAY SYSTEM AND METHOD WITHOUT REQUIRING REAL TIME TRACKING FOR BORESIGHT PRECISION

ROCKWELL COLLINS, INC., ...

1. A worn display for a user having eyes, the worn display comprising:
a projector; and
at least one diffraction grating member configured to be wearable and physically separate from the projector and physically
free from the projector across rotational movement of the at least one diffraction grating member, the diffraction grating
member having an input end for receiving a collimated image from the projector, and a combiner end for providing the collimated
image received at the input end to the eyes of the user and wherein the light received from an outside scene is viewable through
the combiner end, the at least one diffraction grating member extending from the input end to the combiner end, wherein the
input end is configured to be disposed to receive the collimated image from the projector in a position unobstructed by the
user and the combiner end is configured to be disposed in front of the eyes.

US Pat. No. 9,197,024

METHOD OF REINFORCING A HERMETIC SEAL OF A MODULE

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A method of reinforcing or repairing a hermetic seal for a module, comprising the steps of:
sealing a module hermetically;
applying a material comprising an alkali silicate over the seal; and
curing the material to form an alkali silicate glass, which performs one selected from reinforcing the seal and repairing
the seal, wherein the curing takes place at temperatures of no more than about one-hundred sixty degrees Celsius.

US Pat. No. 9,203,151

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR MANIFOLD ANTENNAS FOR MULTIBAND RADIOS

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. An antenna system for a vehicle, comprising:
a receive antenna system including at least one receive antenna, the at least one receive antenna processing incoming communications
on frequencies in multiple communicating bands;

a transmit antenna system including:
a plurality of transmit antennas, each of the transmit antennas transmitting outgoing communications on frequencies in an
individual communicating band that is one of the multiple communicating bands and that is different from an individual communicating
band over which outgoing communications are transmitted on each of the other transmit antennas, and

a plurality of transmit combiners respectively associated with the plurality of transmit antennas, each of the plurality of
transmit combiners combining outgoing communications on the frequencies in the individual communicating bands on which the
respective transmit antenna transmits the outgoing communications.

US Pat. No. 9,245,343

REAL-TIME IMAGE GEO-REGISTRATION PROCESSING

ROCKWELL COLLINS, INC., ...

1. A method for real-time geo-registration, comprising:
identifying one or more features in a current image;
computing one or more current vectors, each of the one or more current vectors associated with one of the one or more features
in the current image, the one or more current vectors comprising a noise value indicating a level of uncertainty associated
with the features in the current image based on characteristics of a camera sensor;

identifying one or more prior vectors associated with a prior image, each of the one or more prior vectors associated with
one of the features;

computing one or more parametric ranges, each of the one or more parametric ranges based on a current vector and at least
one prior vector; and

computing a geo-registration using kriging interpolation of the one or more parametric ranges.

US Pat. No. 9,317,146

HAPTIC TOUCH FEEDBACK DISPLAYS HAVING DOUBLE BEZEL DESIGN

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A display assembly comprising:
a frame assembly;
a display module comprising a display housing, computing electronics, and a touch screen display disposed at least partially
within the display housing such that the display module and touch screen display form an environmentally sealed exterior,
wherein the touchscreen display includes a touchscreen interface and at least one of an LCD display and an LED display, and
wherein the computing electronics include a processor and memory;

an actuator assembly, wherein the display housing is coupled to the frame assembly via the actuator assembly such that the
actuator is configured to move the display module, including the display housing, the computing electronics, the touchscreen
interface, and the at least one of an LCD display and an LED display, relative to the frame assembly, and further such that
the display module is configured to provide haptic feedback to users via the touch screen display based on operation of the
actuator assembly;

wherein the display housing comprises a rear portion and a front portion, the front portion having a display bezel extending
over at least a portion of a front surface of the display, wherein the rear portion of the display housing is coupled to the
frame assembly via the actuator assembly and the display bezel is coupled to the frame assembly via at least one compliant
member.

US Pat. No. 9,238,759

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ADHERABLE AND REMOVABLE THIN FLEXIBLE GLASS

ROCKWELL COLLINS, INC., ...

1. A flexible assembly configured to be removably applied to a curved surface of an underlying component, the assembly comprising:
a flexible glass layer comprising an aluminosilicate material; and
an adhesive layer provided on at least one surface of the flexible glass layer;
wherein the flexible glass layer and the adhesive layer in combination enable the flexible assembly to be removably secured
to the curved surface,

wherein the flexible assembly is in the form of a roll,
wherein the adhesive layer has a thickness in the range of approximately 125-250 nanometers.

US Pat. No. 9,196,959

MULTI-RING SWITCHED PARASITIC ARRAY FOR IMPROVED ANTENNA GAIN

rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A parasitic antenna array, comprising:
a substrate;
a ground plane, the ground plane being directly connected to a bottom surface of the substrate;
a monopole element, the monopole element being connected to the substrate, the monopole element configured for radiating electromagnetic
energy in an omni-directional radiation pattern;

a first plurality of parasitic elements, the first plurality of parasitic elements being connected to the substrate, the first
plurality of parasitic elements collectively forming a first ring, said first ring being formed around the monopole element;

a second plurality of parasitic elements, the second plurality of parasitic elements being connected to the substrate, the
second plurality of parasitic elements collectively forming a second ring, said second ring being formed around the monopole
element and being formed around the first ring; and

a plurality of variable impedance load circuits, each of the plurality of variable impedance load circuits including a plurality
of diodes, each of the plurality of variable impedance load circuits being connected to a particular parasitic element, the
plurality of variable impedance load circuits further being directly connected to the ground plane.

US Pat. No. 9,178,567

SECURE COMMUNICATION APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR A MOBILE COMPUTING DEVICE

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus for a personal electronic device, comprising:
a near field communication interface for communicating wirelessly with the personal electronic device; and
a secure communication system for receiving encrypted data and providing non-encrypted data to the near field communication
interface;

wherein the near field communications interface is disposed in a sleeve for the personal electronic device, the near field
communication interface being disposed along an edge of the personal electronic device when the sleeve is attached to the
personal electronic device; and

wherein the near field communications interface is configured to provide near field communications to an antenna for wireless
reception by the personal electronic device.

US Pat. No. 9,244,166

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ICE DETECTION

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. An aircraft hazard warning system, comprising:
an electronic processing system for determining a presence of ice crystals, the processing system being configured to receive
radar reflectivity data and temperature data, the processing system being configured to determine an ice crystal warning by:

1. determining a size of a convective cell using the radar reflectivity data and temperature data and determining a blow off
area associated with the convective cell in response to the size and a wind direction parameter, the blow off area being an
area where ice crystals migrate due to wind; or

2. determining a size of a stratiform region and determining a presence of a convective cell previously in the stratiform
region; and

3. wherein the radar reflectivity data comprises reflectivity data corresponding to at least two frequencies from a multi-frequency
radar system, and wherein the processing system is configured to determine the ice crystal warning based at least in part
on a comparison of the reflectivity data corresponding to the at least two frequencies from the multi-frequency radar; or

4. wherein the radar reflectivity data comprises at least two polarization diverse radar signals received from a polarization
diversity radar system, and wherein the processing system is configured to determine the ice crystal warning based at least
in part on a comparison of the at least two polarization diverse radar signals.

US Pat. No. 9,134,410

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DETECTING A TARGET BY MASKED HIGH ENERGY REFLECTORS

Rockwell Collins France, ...

12. A device incorporated in a mobile system to detect, in a scene, at least one target reflector of a first predetermined
type, called target type, that may be concealed by at least one high-energy reflector of a second type, called strong type,
said mobile system comprising:
a radar configured to illuminate the scene and acquire raw radar data from echoes reflected by the reflectors of the scene;
means for identifying a zone of a distance-radial velocity space that includes high-energy reflectors configured to conceal
the target reflectors;

means for modeling an order two phase shift over time, due to the Doppler effect, of theoretical target reflectors and theoretical
strong reflectors, the modeling using a kinematic signature of at least one theoretical reflector;

means for creating a filter for at least one distance and one radial velocity given by:
the phase shift of a theoretical target reflector at the at least one distance and for the one radial velocity; and
the phase shift of a theoretical strong reflector at the at least one distance and for each radial velocities of the zone;
said phase shifts being obtained from the modeling,
said filter being designed to attenuate, by projection, the energy of the high-energy reflectors of said scene and increase,
by correlation, the energy of said at least one target reflector of the scene at the given distance and for the given radial
velocity;

means for obtaining distance profiles obtained by processing raw radar data to separate the reflectors of the scene in terms
of distance, said profiles being collected over a long enough time for the distance variation of a reflector of the scene
to be able to be considered quadratic relative to the time;

means for applying filters on said distance profiles, this step leading to a separation of the reflectors of the scene in
velocity; and

means for detecting the target reflectors among the high-energy reflectors.

US Pat. No. 9,135,793

FORCE FEEDBACK TO IDENTIFY CRITICAL EVENTS

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A computer apparatus comprising:
a processor;
memory connected to the processor;
a plurality of force feedback elements connected to the processor, at least two of the plurality of force feedback elements
disposed on a flight helmet; and

computer executable program code configured to execute on the processor,
wherein the computer executable program code is configured to:
receive information pertaining to a critical event;
derive a location of a critical event;
select at least one of the plurality of force feedback elements disposed on the flight helmet to indicate the derived location;
and

apply a signal to the selected force feedback elements to produce a tactile pulse.

US Pat. No. 9,092,611

ADAPTIVE, MULTI-LEVEL SECURITY FOR FLIGHT DECK APPLICATIONS HOSTED ON MOBILE PLATFORMS

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A mobile computing platform comprising:
a processor;
memory connected to the processor;
a security interface interposed between the processor and a certified avionics system, the security interface configured to
isolate the processor from the certified avionics system and restrict the processor's ability to extract data from the certified
avionics system; and

computer executable program code configured to execute on the processor,
wherein the computer executable program code is configured to:
identify one or more security levels, each of the one or more security levels defined by the nature of a network connected
system, each of the one or more security levels further associated with at least one of a system interaction, a data transfer
or a data manipulation being attempted by an application, the application being configured to interact with the certified
aircraft avionics system;

authenticate the application to allow the certified avionics system to download data from the mobile computing platform; and
restrict the application from allowing the certified avionics system to download data from the mobile platform; and
wherein the one or more security levels ensure that the application conforms to one or more avionic system certification standards.

US Pat. No. 9,245,175

IMAGE CAPTURE AND INDIVIDUAL VERIFICATION SECURITY SYSTEM INTEGRATING USER-WORN DISPLAY COMPONENTS AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A system for implementing access control, comprising:
a database storing access verification information for individuals within a facility, individual access verification information
entries comprising identification of an individual, access authorization for the individual within the facility, and discernible
physical feature recognition information for the individual;

a user-worn device for observing a plurality of individuals transiting areas of the facility, the user-worn device recording
observed discernible physical features for the plurality of individuals; and

an access resolution device that
receives information from the user-worn device regarding the observed discernible physical features of the plurality of individuals;
compares the received information regarding the discernible physical features for at least one of the plurality of individuals
with the discernible physical feature recognition information for one or more individual stored as a part of the access verification
information for individuals in the database; and

returns an indication to the user-worn device regarding verification of access for the at least one of the plurality of individuals.

US Pat. No. 9,091,759

SMART BEAM SELECTION FOR RADAR AIDED NAVIGATION

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

10. A radar system comprising:
an antenna;
a transmitter coupled to the antenna for causing the antenna to emit one or more radar beams;
a receiver coupled to the antenna for receiving radar beam returns from the antenna; and
a processor configured to:
control the transmitter to cause the antenna to emit the one or more radar beams;
determine whether or not a weather threshold has been met based on returns of a radar beam which is pulse compressed in a
first scan;

if the weather threshold is determined to have not been met:
determine a ground speed or drift angle of the aircraft based on Doppler processing of radar beam returns of a radar beam
in a second scan; and

if the weather threshold has been met:
control the antenna to direct a bottom radar beam lower to the ground; and
determine a ground speed or drift angle of the aircraft based on Doppler processing returns of the bottom radar beam directed
lower to the ground.

US Pat. No. 9,275,550

DYNAMIC GROUND VEHICLE TRACKING AND REPORTING SYSTEM

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A system for geo-locating multiple vehicles operating in an area, comprising:
at least one fixed primary network communication node;
a plurality of vehicle-mounted communication devices mounted one each on a plurality of vehicles, at least one of the plurality
of vehicle-mounted communication devices for at least one of the plurality of vehicles being in line of sight communication
with the at least one fixed primary network communication node; and

a plurality of vehicle-mounted location devices mounted the plurality of vehicles, each of the plurality of vehicle-mounted
location devices communicating with a respective one of the plurality of vehicle-mounted communication devices to provide
geo-location information for a respective one of the plurality of vehicles,

each of the plurality of vehicle-mounted communication devices and the at least one fixed primary network communication node
operating as nodes of a wireless mesh network for providing geo-location information for each one of the plurality of vehicles
to a centralized location via

(1) line of sight electronic communication between at least a first one of the plurality of vehicles and the at least one
fixed primary network communication node when the at least the first one of the plurality of vehicles maintains line of sight
to the at least one fixed primary network communication node; and

(2) line of sight electronic communication between at least a second one of the plurality of vehicles and the at least the
first one of the plurality of vehicles when the at least the second one of the plurality of vehicles is out of line of sight
to the at least one fixed primary network communication node.

US Pat. No. 9,174,745

PERFORMANCE-BASED METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CHECKING THE FUEL QUANTITY OF A VEHICLE

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A method for checking the fuel quantity of a vehicle based on vehicle performance, comprising the steps of:
a) predicting vehicle performance based from a plurality of vehicle related input parameters including assumed fuel quantity
to provide predicted vehicle performance data;

b) measuring actual vehicle performance from a plurality of vehicle sensor systems to provide measured actual vehicle performance
data;

c) comparing said predicted vehicle performance data with said measured actual vehicle performance data to provide an indication
as to whether the vehicle is operating within a selected tolerance of the prediction; and,

d) providing an alert message if the vehicle is determined to be operating outside of said selected tolerance of prediction.

US Pat. No. 9,117,722

IMAGE SENSOR INTEGRATED CIRCUIT

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. An integrated circuit (IC) sensor, comprising:
a pixel array comprising a plurality of pixels, wherein each pixel comprises an EMR absorption region comprising a detector
material having a plurality of nanoparticles embedded in a matrix material and exhibiting a nano-plasmonic property;

IC components arranged to provide amplification of a voltage signal from the EMR absorption region, and to select the voltage
signal from the EMR absorption region,

wherein the matrix material comprises a first matrix material and a second matrix material,
wherein the first matrix material comprises a doped silicon well region contacting the nano-particles; and
a doped contact on the well region.

US Pat. No. 9,058,749

EMBEDDED SIMULATOR METHOD AND RELATED SYSTEM

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A method for correlating an object position, comprising:
receiving a sensed data signal from an onboard object sensor, said sensed data signal indicating a sensed position of a first
object;

receiving a truth data signal via a datalink, said truth data signal based on an actual position of a second object;
receiving a simulated sensed data signal via the datalink, said simulated sensed data signal based on said truth data signal,
said simulated sensed data signal a simulated position of said second object;

determining whether said sensed position of said first object, said actual position of said second object, and said simulated
position of said second object correspond to a common object;

correlating said sensed data signal, said truth data signal, and said simulated sensed data signal to determine at least one
object position; and

providing a notification of said at least one object position.

US Pat. No. 9,356,360

DUAL POLARIZED PROBE COUPLED RADIATING ELEMENT

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. An electronically scanned array radiating element comprising:
a ground plane layer including a first conductive probe and a second conductive probe; and
at least one metallization layer coupled with the ground plane layer and including:
a first asymmetric cluster including a first plurality of HOF scattering members and a first plurality of impedance-matching
dipoles;

a first electrically-large impedance-matching dipole having a first orientation and being coupled with the first conductive
probe and associated with the first asymmetric cluster so that the first electrically-large impedance-matching dipole and
the first asymmetric cluster cooperate with one another to produce a first signal having a first polarization;

a second asymmetric cluster including a second plurality of HOF scattering members and a second plurality of impedance-matching
dipoles; and

a second electrically-large impedance-matching dipole having a second orientation substantially orthogonal to the first orientation
and being coupled with the second conductive probe and associated with the second asymmetric cluster so that the second electrically-large
impedance-matching dipole and the second asymmetric cluster cooperate with one another to produce a second signal having a
second polarization orthogonal to the first polarization.

US Pat. No. 9,244,333

OPTICAL BISTABLE-SWITCHING IN LOCALIZED PLASMON-POLARITONS CHAIN NANOPARTICLES—FOR LOGIC, MEMORY AND NANO-COMPUTING APPLICATIONS

Rockwell Collins, Inc.

1. An optically bistable element, comprising:
an arrangement of nano-particles configured to propagate localized plasmon-polaritons (LPPs),
wherein the optically bistable element comprises at least one logic gate, and the computing structure is configured to perform
a combinatorial logic function.

US Pat. No. 9,488,732

GPS OPTIMIZATION FOR LIMITED DATA

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A method of providing enhanced satellite navigation signals to a satellite navigation system, comprising:
receiving a plurality of satellite navigation signals, each of the plurality of satellite navigation signals being part of
a global navigation satellite system;

determining one or more limitations of the satellite navigation system;
analyzing the plurality of satellite navigation signals by determining a location based on the plurality of satellite navigation
signals;

producing a set of enhanced signals from the plurality of satellite navigation signals, independent of any enhanced information
from a ground station, by determining an idealized satellite geometry based on the one or more limitations of the satellite
navigation system and simulating one or more idealized satellite navigation signals based on the idealized satellite geometry,
the set of enhanced signals conforming to the one or more limitations of the satellite navigation system; and

relaying the set of enhanced signals to the satellite navigation system.

US Pat. No. 9,356,704

OPTICAL CONVERSION SYSTEM AND METHOD WITH MULTIPLE PHASE PROCESSING

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A photonic processor, comprising:
a first input configured to receive a phase-modulated optical pulse signal;
a second input configured to receive an optical reference signal;
a plurality of stages, each stage being configured to receive the phase-modulated optical pulse signal and a phase-delayed
version of the optical reference signal, the phase-delayed version of the optical reference signal being phase-delayed in
accordance with a phase position of the stage, wherein each stage is comprised of:

a reference coupler;
a phase delay;
a signal coupler;
a reference source path;
a signal source path;
a reference path;
a signal path, wherein the signal coupler is coupled to the signal path, to the signal source path and to a signal source
path of the next stage, and wherein the reference coupler is coupled to the reference path, to the phase delay and to a reference
source path of the next stage, wherein the phase delay is coupled to the reference coupler of the preceding stage;

a directional coupler coupled to the reference coupler and the signal coupler and used to interferometrically combine the
phase-modulated optical pulse signal and the phase-delayed version of the optical reference signal for the stage; and

a balanced photo detector coupled to the directional coupler, wherein the balanced photo detector provides an electronic output
signal corresponding to a phase relationship of the phase-delayed version of the optical reference signal and the phase-modulated
optical pulse signal for the stage;

a first stage having a variable phase delay, the first stage being provided before the plurality of stages; and
a second stage being after the first stage and before the plurality of stages, wherein a reference signal received by an optical
coupler in the second stage has a same phase as a reference signal received by an optical coupler in the first stage.

US Pat. No. 9,243,906

AUTOMATED BAROMETRIC PRESSURE SETTING SYSTEM AND RELATED METHOD

ROCKWELL COLLINS, INC., ...

1. An integrated system for automated barometric altimeter setting, comprising:
an air data system integrated within the integrated system, the air data system configured for transmitting an air data input,
the air data input representative of at least one of: a pressure altitude, an airspeed, a temperature, and a generated altitude;

a positioning system integrated within the integrated system, the positioning system configured for determining a three dimensional
position based at least on: a global navigation satellite signal and the air data input;

a weather information system integrated within the integrated system, the weather information system configured for:
receiving at least one weather message;
determining a proximal weather message from the at least one weather message, the determining based on the three dimensional
position; and

transmitting a local altimeter input, the local altimeter input based on the proximal weather message;
a memory configured for storing at least one rules set, the at least one rules set determinative of a local altimetry procedure;
an integrated avionics system operably coupled with the air data system, the positioning system, the weather information system,
and the memory, the integrated avionics system configured for:

receiving the air data input;
receiving the local altimeter input;
receiving the three dimensional position; and
determining a current barometric altimeter setting based on the air data input, the local altimeter input, the three dimensional
position, and the rules set, the current barometric altimeter setting being one of: a standard barometric altimeter setting
and a local barometric altimeter setting;

applying the current barometric altimeter setting to at least one avionics application; and
generating an alert; and
transmitting the alert to a crew alerting system configured for presenting the alert to a crewmember.

US Pat. No. 9,177,907

HIGH PERFORMANCE DEPOSITED DIE ATTACH

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

9. A method of attaching a die to a substrate, the method comprising:
forming a plurality of cavities in a substrate, each of the plurality of cavities extending from a first surface of the substrate
to a second surface of the substrate opposite the first surface;

applying a removable film to the first surface of the substrate;
positioning one or more die within each of the plurality of cavities such that each die adheres to the removable film and
an active surface of each die physically contacts and faces the removable film; and

depositing a die attach material around each of the dies and in each of the plurality of cavities to form a mechanical bond
between the die and the substrate;

planarizing the die attach material and the second surface of the substrate after depositing the die attach material around
each of the dies such that the second surface of the substrate and the die attach material form a substantially planar surface.

US Pat. No. 9,115,995

ENHANCED GRAPHICAL FLIGHT PLANNING FOR A FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A system for performing an expedited graphical flight plan edit for an aircraft, comprising:
a) a graphical flight management system (FMS) including graphical flight planning capabilities for an aircraft;
b) a multi-function display (MFD) directly connected to said FMS; and,
c) a cursor control device (CCD) operatively connected to said MFD;
wherein said CCD is configured to solely interact directly with said MFD as the user interface to the FMS for performing shortcut
graphical flight plan edits, obviating the use of a control display unit (CDU), wherein said CCD is used to provide said shortcut
graphical flight plan edits selected from the group consisting of: Expedited Direct To, Expedited Vertical Direct To, Vectors
to Final, and Sequence Vectors, wherein Expedited Direct To is a shortcut task which allows for an expedited direct to the
current active waypoint which bypasses a modified flight plan state and corresponding execute/cancel operations, Expedited
Vertical Direct-To is a shortcut which allows for a vertical direct to the active altitude constraint in the flight plan,
Vectors to Final is a shortcut to select the vectors transition for the existing approach procedure in flight plan, and Sequence
Vectors is a shortcut which sequences the vectors transition.

US Pat. No. 9,057,772

REFERENCED-BASED RADIO FREQUENCY FEATURE ESTIMATION

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus for estimating the features of a radio frequency signal comprising:
a processor; and
memory connected to the processor, the memory embodying computer executable code configured to instruct the processor to instantiate
and execute:

a reference signal generator routine configured for generating a reference signal from a complex signal comprising a baseband
signal having one or more observations of at least one signal of interest;

one or more feature estimation routines configured to generate one or more feature estimates from the reference signal and
the complex signal;

a fine synchronization routine configured to generate a synchronized complex baseband signal by correlating the baseband signal
and reference signal by estimating a timing, a carrier phase and a carrier frequency offset of the baseband signal and the
reference signal; and

a specific emitter identification module configured for identifying a specific type of emitter associated with at least one
signal of interest,

wherein the reference signal generator routine comprises:
a scrambling code estimation routine configured to estimate a scrambling code used in the complex baseband signal;
a synchronization and demodulation routine configured to demodulate the complex baseband signal using the estimated scrambling
code; and

a reference signal re-modulation routine configured to re-modulate the demodulated complex baseband signal using the estimated
scrambling code, whereby the reference signal is created.

US Pat. No. 9,405,515

COMPUTING SYSTEMS UTILIZING CONTROLLED DYNAMIC LIBRARIES AND ISOLATED EXECUTION SPACES

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A method, comprising: loading a plurality of binary files of an executable application into a plurality of isolated execution
spaces defined on a computing system according to a loading order specified in a configuration file;
establishing controlled interfaces between at least two of the plurality of isolated execution spaces loaded with at least
two of the plurality of binary files of the executable application according to configurations specified in the configuration
file, wherein the controlled interfaces are configured to prohibit unauthorized communications between the plurality of isolated
execution spaces, and wherein a controlled interface call through one of the controlled interfaces from a first isolated execution
space to a second isolated execution of the plurality of isolated execution spaces invokes a context switch of an execution
context to securely maintain isolation between the first isolated execution space and the second isolated execution space;

and forming the executable application for execution on the computing system, the executable application being formed by linking
the plurality of binary files from the plurality of isolated execution spaces through the controlled interfaces established
therein.

US Pat. No. 9,367,974

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR IMPLEMENTING NETWORK CONNECTIVITY AWARENESS, MONITORING AND NOTIFICATION IN DISTRIBUTED ACCESS CONTROL

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A system for implementing access control, comprising:
a first communicating device that communicates with a plurality of access control checkpoint components;
a second communicating device that communicates with a plurality of access control databases;
an access resolution device that
receives an individual access request from one of the plurality of access control checkpoint components via the first communicating
device, the individual access request including identifying information for the individual, and identifying information for
the one of the plurality of access control databases containing the information for the individual access verification,

queries the one of the plurality of databases containing the information for the individual access verification according
to the identifying information in the individual access request via the second communicating device,

forwards access verification information for the individual received in response to the query to the one of the plurality
of access control checkpoint components via the first communicating device, and

forwards an access denial for the individual to the one of the plurality of access control checkpoint components via the first
communicating device based on a failure to receive access verification information for the individual in response to the query;
and

a connection assessment device that
determines that the failure to receive access verification information for a plurality of individuals in response to a plurality
of queries to one of the plurality of access control databases is based on an interruption in communication between the access
resolution device and the one of the plurality of access control databases via the second communicating device, and

alerts a user to the interruption in communication.

US Pat. No. 9,244,157

WEATHER RADAR THREAT DEPICTION SYSTEM AND METHOD

ROCKWELL COLLINS, INC., ...

1. A method of displaying images associated with weather near an aircraft performed by a weather radar system, the method
comprising:
sensing, by a processor of a weather radar system, a core threat based at least in part on reflectivity data from radar returns
of the weather radar system of the aircraft; and

causing, by the processor of the weather radar system, a weather radar display system to display the images of the weather
using at least a first color, a second color, and a third color associated with a respective first precipitation rate range,
a respective second precipitation rate range, and a respective third precipitation rate range; wherein the first precipitation
rate range is indicative of less precipitation than the second precipitation rate range and the third precipitation rate range
is indicative of more precipitation than the second precipitation rate range, wherein an area associated with the core threat
has the second color when a precipitation rate of the area is between the first precipitation rate range and the area has
the third color when a precipitation rate of the area is between the second precipitation rate range.

US Pat. No. 9,222,800

TAXI INFORMATION PRESENTATION SYSTEM, DEVICE, AND METHOD

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A system for generating taxi information presentable to a pilot of an aircraft, such system comprising:a source of taxi information data;at least one source of navigation reference data;a processor configured to:
receive aircraft taxi information data representative of at least
the current position of the aircraft, and
a designated surface route comprised of at least one specified airport surface;
retrieve navigation reference data corresponding to the aircraft taxi information data and representative of at least one
specified airport surface;

generate an image data set as a function of the aircraft taxi information data and the navigation reference data, where
the image data set is representative of an image in which at least one first location highlighter highlights the location
of at least one raised surface feature corresponding to a surface feature of one specified airport surface, where

one first location highlighter corresponds to an actual, visible surface centerline and is comprised of a proximal end and
a distal end, where

the proximal end of the one first location highlighter is located above and not in contact with the actual, visible surface
centerline, where

 the one first location highlighter stretches proportionally with an amount of drift of the aircraft from the actual, visible
surface centerline,

the distal end of the one first location highlighter is located perpendicularly above and not in contact with the actual,
visible surface centerline, and

the one first location highlighter snaps at a predetermined distance between the aircraft and the actual, visible surface
centerline; and

provide the image data set to a display system; andthe display system configured to:
receive the image data set; and
present the image represented in the image data set.

US Pat. No. 9,196,555

INTEGRATED CIRCUIT PROTECTION AND RUGGEDIZATION COATINGS AND METHODS

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. An electronics package, comprising: a substrate; at least one electronic component coupled to the substrate; and an alkali
silicate glass coating forming a hermetic seal around at least a portion of the at least one electronic component, wherein
the alkali silicate glass coating is silica rich, wherein the alkali silicate glass coating comprises a plurality of nanoparticles
comprising calcium carbonate, zinc oxide, or combinations thereof, and the plurality of nanoparticles further comprise metal
nanoparticles.

US Pat. No. 9,047,762

DISPLAY MODES FOR A LARGE AREA DISPLAY SYSTEM

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A display system for a vehicle, comprising:
a) a display including a touchscreen input device; and,
b) a processing system operatively associated with said display, wherein said display operates in a plurality of fixed modes
wherein each fixed mode comprises an operational condition and has a single fixed format, each single fixed format having
at least one fixed region, wherein said at least one fixed region has configurable overlay options.

US Pat. No. 9,368,043

TRAINING TARGET TAGGING SYSTEM AND RELATED METHOD

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A method for tagging a training entity, comprising:
receiving sensor data from at least one of a plurality of sensors, the sensor data associated with the training entity, the
sensor data acquired via sensor manipulation by a trainee, the sensor data packaged into a first set of data representative
of the training entity, the plurality of sensors including at least one of a targeting pod, an identification friend or foe,
a radar warning receiver, and a radar, the plurality of sensors integrated to present a multi-sensor integrated presentation
to the trainee;

receiving truth data, the truth data a self-descriptive second set of data representative of the training entity and originated
by the training entity, the truth data broadcast via a training network;

receiving state data via the training network, the state data packaged into a third set of data representative of the training
entity;

receiving simulation data, the simulation data a fourth set of data representative of the training entity;
integrating each set of data representative of the training entity to determine if more than one set of data representative
of the training entity represents a single training entity, the single training entity a portion of a training objective;

attaching a training entity tag to the integrated set of data representative of the training entity, the training entity tag
a descriptive identifier of the training entity;

receiving a presentation rules set, the presentation rules set including a presentation identifier;
determining whether to present the training entity, the determining based on the training entity tag and the presentation
rules set; and

presenting the training entity to the trainee on a trainee presentation based on the determining, the presenting including
a portion of the integrated set of data representative of the training entity and the presentation identifier.

US Pat. No. 9,245,378

SURFACE DATA GENERATING SYSTEM, DEVICE, AND METHOD

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A system for generating surface data, such system comprising:
a source of navigation data;
a source of first surface data;
a source of second surface data; and
an image generator configured to:
receive navigation data representative of at least location information;
retrieve first surface data based upon the navigation data, where
the first surface data is representative of a plurality of elevations;
retrieve second surface data of at least one surface feature area based upon the navigation data, where
for each surface feature area, the second surface data is representative of one location and one elevation of one reference
point used for defining the surface feature area within which at least one surface feature is defined;

determine shading data as a function of the first surface data, where
the shading data is representative of shading applicable to the plurality of elevations;
modify the first surface data as a function of the second surface data, where
for each surface feature area, the plurality of elevations represented in the first surface data and located within the surface
feature area is replaced by the one elevation for the surface feature area represented in the second surface data; and

generate image data as a function of the modified first surface data and the shading data, whereby
the image data is representative of an image comprised of at least one flat and even surface defined by the one elevation
to which the shading applicable to the plurality of elevations is applied to the one elevation of each flat and even surface.

US Pat. No. 9,223,886

SYSTEM, DEVICE, AND METHOD FOR REDUCING PILOT INTERACTION BETWEEN PAGES SHOWN ON A DISPLAY UNIT

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A system for reducing pilot interaction between pages presented on the screen of an aircraft display unit, such system
comprising:
a source of pilot input data;
an aircraft display unit; and
an electronic processing unit configured to
present first window image data representative of a window comprised of a plurality of only immobile images on the aircraft
display unit, where

the placement of the plurality of immobile images within the window is fixed,
a first immobile image is comprised of at least one expandable menu, where
one expandable menu is a menu from which a flight management system page is selectable and presentable as a front page,
a second immobile image is comprised of the front page that is integrated with at least one page graphical user interface
(“GUI”), and

a third immobile image is comprised of at least one bookmark GUI representative of one correlatable window bookmark, where
each page GUI is a GUI integrated into the front page presenting information sourced by an aircraft system, and
the number of bookmark GUIs is dependent upon the configuration of the window, where
 each bookmark GUI is representative of a correlated window bookmark only, or
 a visual appearance of the each window bookmark is based upon whether such bookmark is correlated or uncorrelated,
receive pilot input data responsive to a pilot's selection of either a page GUI or a bookmark GUI, where
the pilot input data includes data representative of page GUI alert level set by the pilot if a selected page GUI is embedded
with an interface menu from which the alert level is set by the pilot,

execute a first action if the pilot has selected a page GUI that is not correlated with a window bookmark, where
such the first action creates a correlation between the page GUI and a window bookmark and alters the visual appearance of
the third immobile image,

execute a second action if the pilot has selected a bookmark GUI that is representative of an uncorrelated bookmark, where
such second action creates a correlation between the front page and a window bookmark and alters the visual appearance of
only the third immobile image,

execute a third action if a page GUI alert level set by the pilot is reached, where
such third action alters the visual appearance of only the second immobile image,
generate second window image data representative of a change to the first window image data made in response to
a pilot selection of a page GUI,
a pilot selection of a bookmark GUI, or
a pilot-set, page GUI alert level is reached, and
provide the second window image data to the aircraft display unit, whereby the plurality of immobile images are presented
to the pilot.

US Pat. No. 9,224,302

FOUR DIMENSIONAL FLIGHT MANAGEMENT WITH TIME CONTROL SYSTEM AND RELATED METHOD

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A system for four dimensional time controlled flight management, comprising:
a four dimensional flight management system (4DFMS) onboard an aircraft, the 4DFMS including a flight management computer
(FMC) operably coupled with at least a non-transitory memory, a time control module operably coupled with the FMC, an input
output device, a display, a route information module, an aircraft information module, and a weather information module;

the FMC including at least one processor configured for controlling at least a flight control system and an autothrottle system
associated with control of the aircraft, the FMC further configured for generating an initial descent path for the aircraft,
the initial descent path including at least a top of descent and a reference speed;

the initial descent path in compliance with an assigned required time of arrival (RTA) at a metering waypoint, a four dimensional
published arrival procedure, and an optimized profile descent;

the time control module configured for:
receiving sensor data including at least position data, velocity data and altitude data associated with the aircraft;
receiving weather information associated with the four dimensional published arrival procedure via the weather information
module;

determining a total time error (TTE) at the metering waypoint, the TTE based on the weather information, the assigned RTA
at the metering waypoint, an estimated time of arrival (ETA) at the metering waypoint, a planned time of arrival (ETAW) at an active waypoint and an actual time of arrival (ATA) at the active waypoint;

determining a mode of flight of the aircraft, the mode of flight at least one of a cruise mode and a descent mode;
triggering a time control replan of the initial descent path, the triggering based on the TTE and the mode of flight, the
time control replan in compliance with the assigned RTA at the metering waypoint, the four dimensional published arrival procedure,
and the optimized profile descent;

commanding the FMC to comply with the time control replan;
commanding the FMC to display the time control replan of the initial descent path to an aircraft crewmember on the display.

US Pat. No. 9,124,181

LOW SWITCH-STRESS SINGLE-ENDED PRIMARY-INDUCTOR CONVERTER

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A single-ended primary-inductor converter (SEPIC) comprising:
a first switch connected to a first circuit node;
a first capacitor and a second switch connected in series between the first circuit node and a second circuit node;
a leakage inductor connected to the first circuit node and the second circuit node;
wherein the leakage inductor comprises a first winding connected to the first circuit node and a second winding connected
to the second circuit node;

at least one of a third switch or a passive diode rectifier connected between the second circuit node and a third circuit
node; and

at least one second capacitor and at least one load connected, in parallel, to the third circuit node.

US Pat. No. 9,116,244

SYSTEM FOR AND METHOD OF WEATHER PHENOMENON DETECTION USING MULTIPLE BEAMS

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

9. A weather radar system coupled to a weather radar antenna, the weather radar system comprising:
a memory;
a processor coupled to the antenna and directing the antenna to provide:
a first radar pulse at a first beam position during a radar scan and receive a first return, the first radar pulse being for
velocity sampling;

a second radar pulse at a second beam position during the radar scan and receive a second return, the second radar pulse overlaps
and is not identical to the first radar pulse;

a third radar pulse at the first beam position having a lower gain and a wider beam width than the first radar pulse during
the radar scan and receive a third radar return, the third radar pulse being for side lobe detection; and

wherein the processor stores return data associated with the first radar pulse in the memory, return data associated with
the second radar pulse in the memory, and return data associated with the third radar pulse in the memory and uses the return
data associated with the first radar pulse, the return data associated with the second radar pulse, and the return data associated
with the third radar pulse to identify returns from non-weather targets and wherein the processor determines a presence of
wind shear.

US Pat. No. 9,134,418

WEATHER HAZARD THREAT LEVEL COMPUTATION AND DISPLAY

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A method for computing and displaying a weather hazard threat level for a radar system of an aircraft, comprising:
receiving radar returns from a radar antenna of the radar system via a processing circuit, wherein the radar returns comprise
at least one of horizontal radar scan data and vertical radar scan data;

determining radar reflectivity using at least one of the horizontal radar scan data and vertical radar scan data;
determining, using at least one of the horizontal scan data and the vertical scan data, (a) areas of radar reflectivity and
(b) a temperature associated with the areas of radar reflectivity;

estimating a lightning flash rate using the radar reflectivity, the areas of radar reflectivity, and the temperature associated
with the areas of radar reflectivity;

displaying weather radar information on a display of the aircraft; and
wherein the weather radar information is adjusted on the display based on the lightning flash rate.

US Pat. No. 9,136,078

STIMULUS FOR ACHIEVING HIGH PERFORMANCE WHEN SWITCHING SMA DEVICES

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A switching system, comprising:
a first conductive portion having a first conductive stationary end, and a first conductive floating end;
a second conductive portion;
and a first shape memory alloy (SMA) for connecting the first conductive stationary end and the first conductive floating
end of the first conductive portion, such that changes in the first SMA urge motion of the first conductive floating end of
the first conductive portion toward the second conductive portion along a path, which in turn causes a change in the state
of the switch,

a control circuit providing an input stimulus current to the first SMA to produce a response in the first SMA, wherein the
input stimulus current has a wave shape form having a known and controlled amount of energy over time based on a first given
response time for the first SMA to change the state,

wherein the second conductive portion has a second conductive stationary end and a second conductive floating end, connected
by a second SMA,

wherein a second input stimulus current to the second SMA produces a heating response in the second SMA, and the second input
stimulus current is calculated based on a second given response time of the second SMA different from the first given response
time.

US Pat. No. 9,366,864

SYSTEM FOR AND METHOD OF DISPLAYING INFORMATION WITHOUT NEED FOR A COMBINER ALIGNMENT DETECTOR

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A head up display for providing an image and being employed without a combine alignment detector, the head up display comprising:
a micro-image source;
collimating optics configured to receive the image from the micro-image source, wherein the collimating optics form a catadioptric
optical system comprising a folded path comprising a fold component, a first lens, a polarizing beam splitter, a collimating
mirror and a corrective lens in an on-axis arrangement and wherein the first lens is attached to the polarizing beam and is
disposed between the polarizing beam splitter and the micro-image source;

a combiner receiving collimated light from the collimating optics at an input and providing the collimated light to an output,
the collimated light traveling from the input to the output within the combiner by total internal refraction; and

a stow mechanism configured to move the combiner out of a head path in a crash event or to move the combiner to and from an
operational position and a stowed position, wherein an input diffraction grating is disposed at the input and an output diffraction
grating is disposed at the output, whereby the combiner is configured to achieve a periscopic effect.

US Pat. No. 9,355,544

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR OPTICALLY STORING A BINARY STATE

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A fault indication device, comprising:
a light emitter configured to emit light when energized;
a luminous material positioned to receive light from the light emitter and to fluoresce due to reception of the light from
the light emitter;

a light detector configured to detect fluorescence of the luminous material and to output a light detection signal indicative
of the fluorescence; and

an I/O circuit configured to receive a fault indication and to provide a signal to energize the light emitter based on the
received fault indication, and configured to receive a voltage and/or current output by the light detector and to output a
fault output signal when the light detection signal exceeds a predetermined value.

US Pat. No. 9,258,013

DATA COMPRESSION WITH HUFFMAN CODE ON MULTICORE PROCESSORS

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A computer system for encoding a data file, comprising:
at least one processor coupled with a non-transitory processor-readable medium storing processor executable code for causing
the at least one processor to:

analyze a data file to identify a first portion of the data file having a first symbol probability and a second portion of
the data file having a second symbol probability;

produce a first coding tree corresponding to the first symbol probability and a second coding tree corresponding to the second
symbol probability;

encode the first portion using the first coding tree; and
encode the second portion using the second coding tree; and
transmit the encoded data file.

US Pat. No. 9,243,910

ROUTE IMAGE GENERATING SYSTEM, DEVICE, AND METHOD

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A system for presenting a route image on a display unit, such system comprising:
an indicating system configured to:
receive an image data set representative of an image of a divisible route provided by
an image generator including at least one avionics system processor capable of executing processor-executable code and configured
to

receive navigation data representative of at least aircraft position and heading from a source of navigation data;
retrieve object data based upon the navigation data from a source of object data, where
 the object data is representative of first locations and first elevations of a plurality of cells located along or below
a route;

construct a first raised ground track profile as a function of the first elevations and a first object clearance distance;
identify, if any, at least one first penetrated segment of the first raised ground track profile, where
 a length of each first penetrated segment is dependent upon a length of penetration of the first raised ground track profile;
generate the image data set, such that
 the image of the divisible route is comprised of
 at least one first route section highlighter, and
 if a first penetrated segment exists, at least one second route section highlighter, where
 each first route section highlighter corresponds to a non-penetrated segment,
 each second route section highlighter corresponds to a first penetrated segment, and
 the lengths of each first route section highlighter and each second route section highlighter are dependent upon the length
of each first penetrated segment; and

present the image of the divisible route on at least one display unit, whereby
the attention of a viewer is drawn to at least one penetrated segment, if any, highlighted by a second route section highlighter.

US Pat. No. 9,223,494

USER INTERFACES FOR WEARABLE COMPUTERS

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A computerized method for operating a wearable computer using a user interface system having a touch pad, comprising:
receiving a sensor input, wherein the sensor input relates to at least one of an environment condition, a pulse sensor reading,
a motion sensor reading, or a user status;

determining whether a gesture received at the touch pad makes sense in a current mode;
determining whether the gesture received at the touch pad makes sense in a second mode, other than the current mode, based
on the sensor input; and

changing the behavior of the wearable computer in response to the gesture received at the touch pad and the sensor input and
based on the gesture making sense in the second mode and the gesture not making sense in the current mode, wherein changing
the behavior of the wearable computer comprises changing modes from the current mode to the second mode, and wherein the gesture
is not used for a graphical user interface operation and is not used for a cursor operation; and

executing an operation in response to the received gesture, wherein the operation is executed based on not receiving a confirmation
from the user for a threshold time period after prompting the user for confirmation and determining that the user is moving
during the threshold time period based on the sensor input.

US Pat. No. 9,197,413

HYBRID SECURE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND METHOD

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A method of communicating between a mobile computing device and a vehicle system, the method comprising:
receiving, at the vehicle system, authentication data from the mobile computing device over a first communication link between
the vehicle system and the mobile computing device;

authenticating, at the vehicle system, the mobile computing device using the authentication data received over the first communication
link and based on at least one of flight management data received from a flight management system of the vehicle and global
positioning data received from a global positioning system of the vehicle; and

transmitting encrypted data from the vehicle system to the mobile computing device over a second communication link, wherein
the encrypted data is encrypted using the authentication data, and wherein the second communication link is a wireless communication
link having a susceptibility to one or more wireless security risks, the first communication link comprising one or more characteristics
configured to reduce the susceptibility of the first communication link to the one or more wireless security risks as compared
to the second communication link.

US Pat. No. 9,596,685

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR HIGH DATA RATE HIGH FREQUENCY DATA LINK (HDR-HFDL)

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A method of transmitting at least one high data rate (HDR) packet via high frequency data link (HFDL), comprising:
monitoring at least one ground station via at least one HFDL data radio installed in at least one aircraft, the ground station
associated with at least one of a HF frequency band and a first frequency of the HF frequency band;

receiving, at the first frequency, at least one first HDR frequency selected from the HF frequency band from the at least
one ground station via the at least one HFDL data radio;

logging into the at least one first HDR frequency via the at least one HFDL data radio; and
transmitting to the at least one ground station at least one first data packet at the at least one first HDR frequency at
a data rate greater than 1.8 kb/s via the at least one HFDL data radio.

US Pat. No. 9,324,205

MANAGING PERSONNEL ACCESS EMPLOYING A DISTRIBUTED ACCESS CONTROL SYSTEM WITH SECURITY ENHANCEMENTS FOR IMPROVED USER AWARENESS TO AID IN DECISION MAKING

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A system for implementing access control, comprising:
a communication hub that communicates with (1) a plurality of access control checkpoint components that are used by individuals
to gain access to an access-controlled space, and (2) a plurality of remote databases, at least one of the plurality of remote
databases (a) being separately controlled by an access control entity and (2) containing information maintained by the access
control entity for individual access verification;

an access resolution device that
receives an access request from a first one of the plurality of access control checkpoint components, the access request including
identifying information for the individual, and identifying information for one of the plurality of remote databases containing
the information for the individual access verification,

queries the one of the plurality of remote databases containing the information for the individual access verification according
to the identifying information in the access request, and

forwards access verification information for the individual received in response to the query to the first one of the plurality
of access control checkpoint components; and

a randomizer device that implements a random selection scheme that
selects a subset of individuals whose access is authorized for additional access verification; and
passes selection information to the first one of the plurality of access control checkpoint components.

US Pat. No. 9,174,746

VISUAL AID GENERATING SYSTEM, DEVICE, AND METHOD

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A system for generating visual aid image data, such system comprising:
a source of navigation data;
a source of navigation reference data;
a source of first image data; and
an image generator configured to
receive navigation data representative of at least one surface of interest and at least aircraft position data,
receive navigation reference data for each surface of interest,
create zone data representative of a lighting awareness zone for each surface of interest unless the navigation reference
data is comprised of zone data,

receive first image data, and
generate second image data as a function of the first image data and the zone data.

US Pat. No. 9,450,688

AUTONOMOUS SPECTRAL HARVESTING SYSTEM

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

13. An autonomous radio frequency (RF) spectral harvesting method comprising:
autonomously scanning RF signals, via one or more sensor modules, over a range of frequencies in a region of interest;
receiving observed RF signals from the one or more sensor modules; and
performing signal analysis on the observed RF signals received,
the performing signal analysis comprising:
converting the observed RF signals into a frequency signal in a frequency domain;
temporally averaging the frequency signal to provide a temporally averaged frequency signal;
performing a coarse estimate of a spectral noise floor of the observed RF signals based on the temporally averaged frequency
signal using an opening technique that performs an erosion process followed by a dilation process on the temporally averaged
frequency signal; and

determining an a-posteriori signal presence probability of a signal being present from an RF emitter in the region of interest
based on the coarse estimate.

US Pat. No. 9,245,329

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR GRAPHICS RENDERING USING A PROXIMITY TEST

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A circuit configured to render computer graphics for an electronic display, comprising:
a frame buffer configured to store a primitive for each pixel of the electronic display, the primitive for each pixel being
output to the electronic display device; and

a processor configured to store the primitives in the frame buffer based on input primitives, the processor receiving an input
primitive in the same coincident group as a corresponding stored primitive, the processor determining whether the input primitive
is within a threshold distance from the stored primitive, the processor determining which of the input primitive and stored
primitive is closer in depth to an observer of the electronic display when the input primitive and the stored primitive are
not within the threshold distance and outputting the closer primitive to the frame buffer, the processor determining which
of the input primitive and stored primitive has a higher priority when the input primitive and the stored primitive are within
the threshold distance and outputting the primitive with the higher priority to the frame buffer.

US Pat. No. 9,178,276

WIDELY VARIED RECONFIGURABLE APERTURE ANTENNA SYSTEM UTILIZING ULTRA-FAST TRANSITIONED APERTURE MATERIAL

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A reconfigurable antenna system, comprising:
a substrate;
a film deposited on a surface of the substrate, the film configured to transition from a first phase to a second phase in
response to a stimulant;

a transition source, the transition source configured to provide the stimulant to the film to transition at least a portion
of the film from the first phase to the second phase; and

a controller, the controller in communication with the transition source, the controller configured to control the transition
source to provide stimulant to at least a portion of the film according to a predetermined antenna image.

US Pat. No. 9,332,215

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DISPLAYING TO AIRBORNE PERSONNEL MISSION CRITICAL HIGH DYNAMIC RANGE VIDEO ON A LOW RESOLUTION DISPLAY

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A method of displaying high-dynamic range video images on a lower-dynamic range display on an aircraft comprising the steps
of:
providing a video signal with a first dynamic range; where the video signal is defined as x;
providing a display device with a second dynamic range; where said first dynamic range is higher than said second dynamic
range;

providing a plurality of aspects of said video signal; where each of said plurality of aspects is a non-linear mapping of
said video signal as x to y where x is located in the exponent; and

non-simultaneously displaying of each of said plurality of aspects on said display device in response to a selection signal;
where a lower one of said plurality of aspects is defined by:
Y=2?(Ny)*(1?10?(?ax));

and a higher one of said plurality of aspects is defined by
Y=10?(ax)?1

where:
a=(log10(2?Ny))/(2?(Nx)?1)

Nx=Number of bits in the Input (X-axis) [Max=2?(Nx)?1]

Ny=Number of bits in the Output (Y-axis) [Max=2?(Ny)?1].

US Pat. No. 9,330,574

IN-FLIGHT GENERATION OF RTA-COMPLIANT OPTIMAL PROFILE DESCENT PATHS

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A method for determining a feasible required time of arrival comprising:
receiving an initial required time of arrival;
determining one or more flight constraints based on at least one of a current aircraft state, one or more aircraft performance
limitations and one or more environmental conditions;

determining a maximum airspeed achievable by an aircraft based on the one or more flight constraints;
determining a minimum airspeed achievable by the aircraft based on the one or more flight constraints;
determining that the initial required time of arrival is not feasible based on the one or more flight constraints,
producing an earliest time of arrival representing the earliest possible time the aircraft can reach a metering waypoint while
complying with the one or more flight constraints;

producing a latest time of arrival representing the latest possible time the aircraft can reach a metering waypoint while
complying with the one or more flight constraints; and

communicating the earliest time of arrival and latest time of arrival to an air traffic controller,
wherein:
determining that the initial required time of arrival is not feasible occurs while the aircraft is at cruise altitude; and
producing the earliest time of arrival comprises performing both a forward sweep integration and a backward sweep integration.

US Pat. No. 9,163,933

WEARABLE HEAD TRACKING SYSTEM

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A lightweight, wearable head tracking system comprising:
a head worn structure;
a head worn structure forward illuminating infra-red (IR) distance measuring apparatus, coupled to said head worn structure
and configured to measure a forward distance to the ground in front of a person walking wearing said head worn structure;

a head worn structure rearward illuminating infra-red distance measuring apparatus, coupled to said head worn structure; and
configured to measure a rear distance to the ground behind a person walking wearing said head worn structure;

an infra-red distance comparator configured to monitor changes of said forward distance and said rear distance and to generate
a calibration signal representative of rotation of said head worn structure around a predetermined axis if, and only if, said
changes of said forward distance and said rear distance are used to calculate corresponding forward head worn structure sensor
rotation and rear head worn structure sensor rotation which are opposing each other;

a gyro mounted to said head worn structure and generating a gyro output signal, which indicates a rotation rate of said head
worn structure around said predetermined axis of rotation;

a drift controller for selectively augmenting said gyro output signal when indicating gyro rotation rate about said predetermined
axis of rotation when said calibration signal is representative of rotation, which is inconsistent with said gyro rotation
rate; and

a head tracking controller configured to utilize said gyro out signal after being augmented by said drift controller.

US Pat. No. 9,122,443

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SYNCHRONIZING MULTIPLE VIDEO STREAMS

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A vertical synchronization circuit for synchronizing multiple video streams using an input vertical sync signal, comprising:
a digitally controlled circuit configured to generate a digital phase locked vertical sync value from the input vertical sync
signal and an output vertical sync signal in a digital phase lock loop and to generate an intermediate horizontal sync signal
at a frequency higher than the frequency of the input vertical sync signal based on the digital phase locked vertical sync
value using a local oscillator clock signal having a higher frequency than the intermediate horizontal sync signal, the intermediate
horizontal sync signal being locked to the input vertical sync signal, wherein the digital phase locked vertical sync value
is a number representing the number of pulses of the local oscillator clock signal per the input vertical sync signal, and
the digital phase vertical sync value is provided by an adder in the digital phase locked loop;

an analog phase lock loop circuit configured to convert the intermediate horizontal sync signal into a pixel clock; and
a circuit configured to generate the output vertical sync signal and an output horizontal sync signal based on the pixel clock,
wherein the digitally controlled circuit comprises counters configured to generate the intermediate horizontal sync signal
based on the digital phase locked vertical sync value and a programmable number of intermediate horizontal sync pulses of
the intermediate horizontal sync signal per the input vertical sync signal.

US Pat. No. 9,356,686

POLAR SATCOM SYSTEM AND RELATED METHOD

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A method for communication relay via a repeater platform satellite vehicle, comprising:
receiving Geosynchronous Equatorial Orbit (GEO) satellite vehicle (SAT) positioning data, the GEO SAT positioning data representative
of a position of at least one GEO SAT, the GEO SAT in a GEO orbit;

receiving a GEO SAT service type associated with the at least one GEO SAT, the GEO SAT service type an identifier of a type
of data service provided by the at least one GEO SAT;

receiving repeater platform (RP) satellite vehicle (SAT) positioning data, the RP SAT positioning data representative of a
position, time and velocity of at least one RP SAT, the RP SAT in an orbit of smaller radius than the GEO orbit;

receiving a service request for the GEO SAT service type to at least one station, the service request including station positioning
data representative of a position and velocity of the station;

determining at least one desired GEO SAT of the at least one GEO SAT, the determining based on the service request, the RP
SAT positioning data and the GEO SAT positioning data;

determining at least one desired RP SAT of the at least one RP SAT, the determining based on the service request, the GEO
SAT positioning data, and the RP SAT positioning data;

directing at least one RP SAT GEO link antenna to communicate via a GEO signal between the RP SAT GEO link antenna and the
at least one desired GEO SAT, the directing based on the RP SAT positioning data and the GEO SAT positioning data, the RP
SAT GEO link antenna located on the at least one desired RP SAT;

directing at least one RP SAT ground link antenna to communicate via at least one RP signal between the RP SAT ground link
antenna and the at least one station, the directing based on the RP SAT positioning data and the station positioning data,
the RP SAT ground link antenna located on the at least one desired RP SAT;

directing at least one station antenna to communicate via the at least one RP signal between the station antenna and the at
least one RP SAT ground link antenna, the directing based on the RP SAT positioning data and the station positioning data,
the at least one station antenna located proximal to the at least one station;

amplifying the GEO signal and the RP signal, the amplifying without demodulation of: the GEO signal and the RP signal, the
amplifying powered by a RP SAT power source; and

dynamically updating the directing of the RP SAT GEO link antenna, the RP SAT GEO ground link antenna and the at least one
station antenna based on the GEO SAT positioning data, the station positioning data, and the RP SAT positioning data.

US Pat. No. 9,160,252

FOR COOLING AN AVIONICS DEVICE WITH A FAN UTILIZING A SINGLE PHASE AC MOTOR

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. An avionics equipment cooling system comprising:
a single phase AC motor;
a fan blade coupled to said motor;
a source of input power from an aircraft power bus; and
a controller for controlling operation of said motor, said controller comprising:
a boost converter which receives:
power from said aircraft power bus; and
an error signal comprising an absolute value of a fixed frequency sine reference;
said boost converter outputting a modulated DC link;
a zero-cross gate control, receiving said fixed frequency sine reference; and
an asymmetric half-cycle power stage, receiving input from said zero cross gate control and further receiving said modulated
DC link, and in response thereto, generating at a connection point across said motor, a signal which is equivalent to a single
phase sinusoidal voltage.

US Pat. No. 9,137,067

HIGH EFFICIENCY OUTPHASING TRANSMITTER FOR ELECTRONICALLY SCANNED ARRAYS

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. An outphasing transmitter for an antenna, the antenna including a plurality of emitting elements, the outphasing transmitter
comprising:
a phase shifting device, the phase shifting device configured for phase shifting an input signal and providing a pair of phase
shifted signals for each particular emitting element of the plurality of emitting elements, wherein the pair of phase shifted
signals for each particular emitting element includes a first signal generated by phase shifting the input signal by an offset
phase for the particular emitting element minus a delta phase and a second signal generated by phase shifting the input signal
by the offset phase for the particular emitting element plus the delta phase, wherein the offset phase for each emitting element
is adjustable to facilitate beam steering for the antenna, and wherein the delta phase is adjustable to change output power
of the antenna; and

an outphasing power amplifier associated with each emitting element, the outphasing power amplifier configured for separately
amplifying the pair of shifted signals for each emitting element and combining the separately amplified signals for each emitting
element for transmission.

US Pat. No. 9,094,392

GNSS RECEIVER AUTONOMOUS SIGNAL AUTHENTICATION USING SIGNAL STABILITY ANALYSIS SYSTEM AND RELATED METHOD

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A method for autonomous authentication of a received signal, comprising:
receiving at least one signal;
acquiring and tracking the at least one signal;
analyzing a clock phase associated with at least one tracked signal, the analyzing including:
receiving at least one consistent measurement data set;
buffering the at least one consistent measurement data set;
determining a clock state estimate via at least one least squares solution from a fixed satellite vehicle set;
determining at least one Allan Variance sample point;
determining at least one confidence interval;
comparing the at least one Allan Variance sample point and the at least one confidence interval to a threshold;
labeling as authentic the at least one consistent measurement data set if the comparing meets the threshold;
labeling as unauthentic the at least one consistent measurement data set if the comparing fails to meet the threshold; and
configuring the authentic at least one consistent measurement data set for positioning system use;
determining if the clock phase associated with the at least one tracked signal meets a phase consistency threshold;
labeling the at least one tracked signal as authentic if the clock phase associated with the at least one tracked signal meets
the phase consistency threshold;

tracking at least one of the at least one tracked signal labeled authentic;
continuously monitoring the clock phase associated with the at least one tracked signal;
de-authenticating the at least one tracked signal if the clock phase associated with the at least one tracked signal does
not meet the phase consistency threshold;

configuring authenticated position data associated with the at least one tracked signal labeled authentic and authenticated
measurement data associated with the at least one tracked signal labeled authentic for use by at least one of: a GNSS receiver
and an external application; and

determining a position solution based on the at least one tracked signal labeled authentic.

US Pat. No. 9,322,907

BEHAVIOR BASED FRIEND FOE NEUTRAL DETERMINATION METHOD

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A method for determining an identification of a perceived entity, the method comprising:
receiving a first radio frequency (RF) communication from said perceived entity;
identifying a first instance of at least one first level characteristic associated with said first RF communication;
monitoring said perceived entity for additional RF communications;
receiving additional RF communications from said perceived entity;
identifying a second instance of at least one first level characteristic associated with said additional RF communications;
storing said at least one first level characteristic associated with said first RF communication and said at least one first
level characteristic associated with said additional RF communications;

identifying and storing at least one second level characteristic associated with said first RF communication and said additional
RF communications, said at least one second level characteristic derived from an analysis of said first instance of at least
one first level characteristic and said second instance at least one first level characteristic;

analyzing each of said at least one second level characteristics to determine a signal pattern;
determining an identification of said perceived entity based on said signal pattern, said identification of said perceived
entity either of: a friend or a foe or a neutral; and

displaying said identification to a user on a display.

US Pat. No. 9,136,611

BLADE ANTENNA ARRAY

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A directional antenna, comprising:
an enclosure positioned on an aircraft;
a first linear antenna array disposed within the enclosure, the first linear antenna array having a plurality of antenna elements
physically oriented in a first orientation, the plurality of antenna elements being positioned along a longitudinal axis of
the aircraft and being spaced apart from each other by a predetermined distance center-to-center;

a second linear antenna array disposed within the enclosure, the second linear antenna array having a plurality of antenna
elements physically oriented in a second orientation and spaced apart from each other by the predetermined distance center-to-center,
wherein the second orientation is different from the first orientation; and

a controller in communication with each of the plurality of antenna elements of the first linear antenna array and each of
the plurality of antenna elements of the second linear antenna array, the controller configured to selectively activate at
least one of the first linear antenna array and the second linear antenna array, the controller further configured to independently
control a RF phase angle of each of the plurality of antenna elements of the first linear antenna array and each of the plurality
of antenna elements of the second linear antenna array, allowing the linear antenna array to concentrate RF radiations in
a particular wavelength generally toward at least one ground station.

US Pat. No. 9,118,973

AIRCRAFT DIGITAL MEDIA ENTERTAINMENT SYSTEMS, DEVICE, AND METHOD EMPLOYED THEREIN

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. An aircraft digital media entertainment network system inclusive of at least one hardware processor, such system comprising:
at least one first portable electronic device (“PED”) configured with
a sharing protocol, and
a media player application configured to
receive first input data via a user's direct manipulation of at least one interface control element employed by the media
player application,

generate first data responsive to the first input data,
send the first data to a content controller, and
receive second data streamed from the content controller;
at least one second PED configured with
the sharing protocol, and
a remote control application configured to
receive second input data via a user's direct manipulation of at least one interface control element employed by the remote
control application,

generate third data responsive to the second input data, and
send the third data to one channel processor identified in the third data;
at least one cabin channel controller configured with
a cabin channel control application configured to
receive third input data via a user's direct manipulation of at least one interface control element employed by the cabin
channel control application, and

send the third input data to one channel controller identified in the third input data;
at least one channel processor configured to
receive the third data from each second PED,
send the third data to the content controller,
receive fourth data,
stream the fourth data to at least one user device of its channel,
receive fifth data representative of a user's indirect manipulation of at least one interface control element employed by
the remote control application, where

the fifth data corresponds to the third input data,
send the fifth data to the content controller,
receive sixth data, and
stream the sixth data to at least one user device of its channel;
the communications interface comprised of at least a switch and configured to facilitate exchanges of data between
each second PED and the content controller,
the content controller and at least one channel processor, and
each channel controller and at least one channel processor;
a content library configured to store digital media content subjected to an end user license agreement; and
the content controller configured with the sharing protocol and configured to
receive the first data,
retrieve the second data responsive to the first data from the content library, where
the second data is representative of first digital media content,
stream the second data to the first PED identified in the first data,
receive the third data,
retrieve the fourth data responsive to the third data from the content library, where
the fourth data is representative of second digital media content,
stream the fourth data to the channel processor identified in the third data,
receive the fifth data,
retrieve the sixth data responsive to the fifth data from the content library, where
the sixth data is representative of third digital media content,
stream the sixth data to the channel processor identified in the fifth data.

US Pat. No. 9,093,984

PHASE SHIFTER WITH TRUE TIME DELAY

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A phase shifter comprising:
an RF port configured for sending or receiving an RF signal;
a power splitter combined to the RF port configured for splitting the RF signal into two separate signals;
a true time delay (TTD) device combined to the power splitter configured for receiving one of the two separate signals and
delaying in time the one of the two separate signals for providing a time-delayed component signal;

a first amplifier combined to the power splitter and configured for receiving and amplifying one of the two separate signals
with respect to the other separate signal and providing a modified signal;

a second amplifier combined to the TTD device configured for receiving and modifying the time-delayed component signal and
providing a modified time-delayed component signal;

a controller combined to the first amplifier and the second amplifier, the controller configured for providing a first control
signal to the first amplifier for controlling a gain of the first amplifier and for providing a second control signal to the
second amplifier for controlling a gain of the second amplifier in order to emphasize or deemphasize a first phase component
of the modified signal and a second phase component of the modified time-delayed component signal; and

a combiner combined to the first amplifier and the second amplifier configured for combining the modified signal and the modified
time-delayed component signal.

US Pat. No. 9,116,236

AIRCRAFT DISTANCE MEASURING EQUIPMENT WITH DIRECTIONAL INTERROGATION

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. An avionics system configured for location onboard an aircraft, comprising:
a traffic collision avoidance system (TCAS) controller;
a distance measuring equipment (DME) controller;
an integrated radio coupled to the TCAS controller and to the DME controller; and
a multi-function directional antenna operatively connected to the integrated radio configured to transmit and receive directional
TCAS and directional DME communications;

wherein the multi-function directional antenna is only used to transmit and receive directional DME communications after receipt
of a squitter signal from a ground station.

US Pat. No. 9,116,239

LOW RANGE ALTIMETER ANTENNA

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. An altimeter, comprising:
a transmitter coupled to a first antenna configured for transmitting a ranging signal to a surface, the first antenna including
a driven element and at least one director element;

a receiver coupled to a second antenna configured for receiving at least a portion of the ranging signal reflected from the
surface, the second antenna including a driven element and at least one director element;

a first enclosure containing the driven element and the at least one director element of the first antenna; and
a second enclosure containing the driven element and the at least one director element of the second antenna;
wherein the first enclosure and the second enclosure are configured to withstand critical weather conditions.

US Pat. No. 9,117,366

COMMUNICATION METHODS EMPLOYED BY PARTICIPANTS IN A TRAJECTORY MANAGEMENT OPERATIONS

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A communication method employed between the participants in a trajectory management operation comprised of a trajectory
coordinator (“TC”), an air navigation service provider (“ANSP”), and a dispatch center (“DC”), such method performed by a
TC installed in an aircraft and comprised of:
sending data representative of a polling request to at least one aircraft system, where
the polling request is comprised of a request for aircraft parameter data other than current trajectory data, where
the aircraft parameter data is representative of at least actual aircraft configuration and system parameters;
receiving aircraft parameter data other than current trajectory data from each aircraft system that is responsive to the sending
of data representative of the polling request;

generating data representative of at least one TC-proposed trajectory as a function of at least the aircraft parameter data;
and

sending data representative of said at least one TC-proposed trajectory to an ANSP, a DC, or both, whereby
a controller is presented with at least one TC-proposed trajectory when sent to the ANSP, and
a dispatcher is presented with at least one TC-proposed trajectory when sent to the DC.

US Pat. No. 9,409,151

CALIBRATION AND OPTIMIZATION OF ESA IN AIRCRAFT RADOMES

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus for determining modifications to a signal comprising:
a processor;
memory connected to the processor;
a distribution manifold connected to the processor;
an electronically scanned array (ESA) antenna comprising a plurality of radiating elements, each of the plurality of radiating
elements connected to the distribution manifold; and

computer executable program code configured to execute on the processor,
wherein the computer executable program code is configured to:
generate a transmit signal;
send the transmit signal through the ESA antenna in a radome;
receive a return signal through the ESA antenna;
analyze the return signal by comparing the return signal to a reference far-field signal; and
generate a modification to apply to subsequent signals based on the comparison of the return signal to the reference far-field
signal.

US Pat. No. 9,245,449

CONSTRAINT PROCESSING AS AN ALTERNATIVE TO FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS

ROCKWELL COLLINS, INC., ...

1. A method performed by at least one processing unit onboard an aircraft, the method comprising:
receiving a starting location and an ending location for a phase of flight of an aircraft;
receiving a set of constraints for the phase of flight of the aircraft, wherein operations of the aircraft during the phase
of flight are subject to the set of constraints, and wherein each particular constraint of the set of constraints includes:
an error attribute specifying a likelihood of errors associated with said particular constraint and an aging attribute specifying
an expiration time of said particular constraint;

assigning to each particular constraint of the set of constraints an importance level based on at least the error attribute
and the aging attribute of said particular constraint, wherein a relatively lower likelihood of errors associated with said
particular constraint and a relatively longer time remaining till the expiration time of said particular constraint correspond
to a relatively higher importance level assignment of said particular constraint;

analyzing the set of constraints to determine an optimal trajectory between the starting location and the ending location,
the optimal trajectory being determined based on compliance with the set of constraints, wherein when the set of constraints
cannot be satisfied simultaneously, a trajectory that satisfies a maximum number of relatively higher importance level constraints
in the set of constraints is deemed the optimal trajectory; and

directing the aircraft to operate according to the optimal trajectory determined.

US Pat. No. 9,507,150

HEAD UP DISPLAY (HUD) USING A BENT WAVEGUIDE ASSEMBLY

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A head up display for providing light from an image source, the head up display for disposition in a vehicle having a glare
shield disposed above vehicle instrumentation, the glare shield having a top surface, the head up display comprising:
a waveguide assembly comprising a first waveguide disposed at an angle with respect to the top surface of the glare shield
and a second waveguide disposed at an angle with respect to the first waveguide, the first waveguide having a first diffractive
coupler at a first end of the first waveguide and the second waveguide having a second diffractive coupler at a second end
of the second waveguide, and the first waveguide being positioned as a combiner and allowing viewing of an outside scene and
information from the image source, wherein at least part of the first waveguide is configured to be disposed beneath the top
surface of the glare shield, wherein the second waveguide is disposed entirely below the top surface and a first end of the
second waveguide provides light to a second end of the first waveguide beneath the top surface of the glare shield, wherein
the second waveguide is configured so that the light travels from the second end of the first waveguide to the first end of
the second waveguide by total internal reflection, wherein the first waveguide and the second waveguide are not a single waveguide
and the first waveguide is tilted with respect to the second waveguide, wherein the second diffractive coupler is provided
at a planar main surface of the second waveguide, the planar main surface being approximately parallel to the glare shield.

US Pat. No. 9,327,841

EVENT DRIVEN VEHICLE POSITION REPORTING METHODS AND SYSTEMS

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A vehicle position reporting system, comprising:
an event monitor, the event monitor configured to monitor an operating condition of at least one device located on the vehicle
and to detect an occurrence of a triggering event based on the operating condition of said at least one device located on
the vehicle; and

a reporting module, the reporting module configured to send a position report from the vehicle to at least one external equipment
when the reporting module is activated,

wherein the event monitor and the reporting module are prevented from being disabled by a vehicle operator, and wherein the
reporting module is activated by the event monitor when the occurrence of the triggering event is detected.

US Pat. No. 9,736,900

QUANTUM DOT TUNABLE ASSEMBLIES AND METHODS

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A light-emitting assembly, comprising:
a first light source configured to emit ultraviolet wavelength light;
a second light source configured to emit blue wavelength light;
a quantum-dot layer optically coupled with the first and second light sources so that the ultraviolet wavelength light and
the blue wavelength light pass through the quantum-dot layer and are converted into output light comprising the ultraviolet
wavelength, the blue wavelength, and at least one wavelength longer than the ultraviolet wavelength and the blue wavelength;
and

a selectively-reflective layer optically coupled with the quantum-dot layer such that a first portion of the output light
having the ultraviolet wavelength is reflected toward the quantum-dot layer, and a second portion of the output light having
the blue wavelength and the at least one wavelength longer than the blue wavelength is transmitted through the selectively-reflective
layer.

US Pat. No. 9,056,787

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR TEXTURING GLASS

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A substrate, comprising:
at least one surface of soda-lime or soda-lime-silica glass having a thickness less than 0.7 millimeters, the at least one
surface of glass being cleaned with at least one surfactant, etched with a caustic solution, and then cleaned with an acid,

wherein the cleaned with the at least one surfactant, etched, and cleaned with an acid glass has a lower specular and diffuse
reflectance and a higher haze reflectance than prior to etching and cleaning while maintaining light transmission.

US Pat. No. 9,487,304

ADVISORY GENERATING SYSTEM, DEVICE, AND METHOD

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A system for generating at least one advisory presentable via at least one presenting unit, comprising:
a source of navigation data;
a source of feature data representative of a plurality of nodes and a plurality of edges, where
each node represents a point on a surface defined by a coordinate, and
each edge represents a line on the surface defined by a plurality of nodes; and
an advisory generator configured to:
receive navigation data representative of at least vehicle location and a designated surface;
retrieve feature data representative of
at least one edge associated with the designated surface, and
the coordinate of at least one node defining the at least one edge;
determine one first distance for each node of the at least one node in the direction of vehicle travel as the difference between
the node's coordinate and the vehicle location;

generate an advisory data set responsive to the determination and representative of at least one first distance; and
provide the advisory data set to a presentation system, whereby
at least one first distance is presentable via at least one presentation unit.

US Pat. No. 9,470,521

PASSIVE RANGE-DISCRIMINATION IN THERMAL AND OTHER IMAGING SYSTEMS

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A detector system comprising:
imaging optics having a focal plane; and
an electromagnetic radiation (EMR) detector arranged to receive EMR from the imaging optics, having a detector axis perpendicular
to the focal plane, and having a plurality of detector regions arranged progressively along the detector axis, the detector
regions arranged to respectively detect EMR imaged from progressively different object distances from the imaging optics,

wherein the EMR detector has a rod shape with the detector axis along an axis of the rod shape,
wherein the detector regions comprise detector arrays arranged only on a radially outer surface of the rod shape, the EMR
detector arranged to receive EMR from the imaging optics impinging only on the radially outer surface of the rod shape from
radially outside the rod shape.

US Pat. No. 9,060,010

INCORPORATING VIRTUAL NETWORK COMPUTING INTO A COCKPIT DISPLAY SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING A NON-AIRCRAFT SYSTEM

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A system for incorporating Virtual Network Computing (“VNC”) into a cockpit display system, such system comprising:
a VNC server of a non-aircraft system;
at least one first user application;
a second user application;
a pilot input device; and
a cockpit display system comprised of
a processing module configured to
establish a pixel data set representative of a first image, where such first image is comprised of at least one non-VNC widget,
and each non-VNC widget is based upon corresponding non-VNC widget data from at least one first user application,

receive first input data from the pilot input device, where such first input data corresponds to a request to display a second
image,

generate first data in response to the first input data, where such first data is representative of the request to display
a second image,

send the first data to the second user application, such that
a VNC client of the second user application is configured to
generate second data, where
 such second data is comprised of a request for remote frame buffer data of the second image,
send the second data to the VNC server of a non-aircraft system,
receive third data from the VNC server of a non-aircraft system, where
 such third data is responsive to the request for remote frame buffer data and is comprised of remote frame buffer data of
the second image, and

send fourth data responsive to the first data, where
 such fourth data is comprised of first VNC image widget data generated from the third data,
receive the fourth data, and
incorporate the fourth data into the pixel data set.

US Pat. No. 9,325,550

FREQUENCY-DOMAIN WINDOWING FOR PRECISION POSITION, NAVIGATION, AND TIMING (PNT) ESTIMATION

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A method, comprising:
channelizing an input signal into a plurality of carrier-specific signals, wherein each carrier-specific signal of the plurality
of carrier-specific signals corresponds to a signal transmitted on a particular carrier of a plurality of carriers utilized
to transmit the input signal;

correlating each carrier-specific signal against a reference signal to produce a corresponding carrier-specific correlation
result for each particular carrier of the plurality of carriers;

applying a window function to the carrier-specific correlation results for the plurality of carriers to produce a set of carrier-specific
weighted correlation results;

integrating the set of carrier-specific weighted correlation results to produce an integrated correlation output; and
providing the integrated correlation output to facilitate a data process.

US Pat. No. 9,177,204

SPECTRALLY ENHANCED VISION SYSTEM FOR LOW VISIBILITY OPERATIONS

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. An enhanced vision system for providing an enhanced image displayed on a display unit of an aircraft, the enhanced vision
system comprising:
a sensor and a processor in communication with the sensor, wherein the processor receives data representing a visible light
view of the scene and data representing a first and second filtered view of the scene, wherein the filtered view is provided
using at least two narrowband spectral filters configured to detect a particular set of wavelengths of low thermal light that
represents lighting objects with a specific color in a colored navigation system, wherein a first filter is focused on a first
narrowband frequency and wherein a second filter is focused on a second narrowband frequency which does not substantially
overlap with the first narrowband frequency, wherein, for each filter, the data representing the visible light view of the
scene is subtracted from the data representing the respective filtered view of the scene, wherein the subtraction comprises
first (a) multiplying the visible light view of the scene by a first scaled luminance factor associated with the first filter,
and (b) multiplying the visible light view of the scene by a second scaled luminance factor associated with the second filter,
and wherein the subtraction further comprises setting the first and second scaled luminance factors to different values such
that the subtraction takes into account a first amount of background scene content associated with the first filter relative
to a second amount of background scene content associated with the second filter;

wherein the results of the subtraction involving the first filter and the subtraction involving the second filter are combined
to create an image with a high contrast relative to the background scene and that highlights two different colors.

US Pat. No. 9,176,324

ENHANCED-IMAGE PRESENTATION SYSTEM, DEVICE, AND METHOD

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A system for enhancing an image presented to the pilot on a display unit, such system comprising:
a source of navigation data;
a source of location data of at least one object;
an image generating processor configured to
receive navigation data representative of at least aircraft position and a flight plan;
receive location data corresponding to the navigation data and representative of a fixed location of at least one object located
outside the aircraft, where

the fixed location has been predefined prior to flight;
generate an image data set as a function of location highlighter data associated with the location data and highlighter band
data associated with the flight plan, where

the location highlighter data is determined as a function of the type of each object, and
the location highlighter data and the highlighter band data are comprised of data representative of enhancing effects, such
that

the image data set is representative of each object enhanced with a location highlighter of a multi-dimensional image, and
at least one object highlighted with at least one arc-shaped highlighter band; and
provide the image data set to a display unit; and
the display unit configured to
receive the image data set, and
present an image represented in the image data set, whereby
at least one location highlighter appears superimposed against the multi-dimensional image, and
at least one arc-shaped highlighter band appears with one location highlighter.

US Pat. No. 9,432,126

RECONFIGURABLE FILTER

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A receiver for translating an input signal to a conditioned analog signal for digital processing, the receiver comprising:
a first amplifier receiving the input signal as two differential input signals and modifying the two differential input signals
for providing a difference between the two differential input signals as a first signal;

a clock source for providing a clock signal;
a second amplifier receiving the clock signal from the clock source and the first signal from the first amplifier and holding
information in the first signal in response to a timing of the clock signal and providing the conditioned analog signal with
information from the first signal.

US Pat. No. 9,244,281

DISPLAY SYSTEM AND METHOD USING A DETACHED COMBINER

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus for providing a virtual display in an environment, the apparatus comprising:
a plurality of image sources, the image sources each being disposed at a respective image source position, the image sources
comprising a first image source comprising a first projector and a second image source comprising a second projector; and

a combiner detached from the image sources and movable to a first combiner position for receiving a first image from the first
projector and a second combiner position for receiving a second from the second projector, wherein the combiner provides the
first image or the second image to a single user based upon the combiner being in the first combiner position and the second
combiner position.

US Pat. No. 9,625,577

AVIATION DISPLAY DEPICTION OF WEATHER THREATS

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A method, comprising:
determining a first threat level associated with a threat posed to an aircraft by a weather characteristic based on radar
return data;

detecting a weather threat to the aircraft;
determining a second threat level posed to the aircraft by the weather threat; and
causing a pattern to be overlaid on an image of the weather characteristic displayed on an aviation display, wherein the pattern
is overlaid on a location of the aviation display corresponding to the location of the weather characteristic in response
to determining that the second threat level is greater than the first threat level.

US Pat. No. 9,244,280

NEAR EYE DISPLAY SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DISPLAY ENHANCEMENT OR REDUNDANCY

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus in an environment, the environment comprising a plurality of head down image sources, the head down image
sources each being disposed at a respective image source position and separated by a gap, the apparatus comprising:
a first image source; and
a combiner, configured to receive an image from the first image source and provide the image from the first image source,
wherein the image is provided virtually at a location associated with the gap when the combiner is viewed from a user position
viewing the head down image sources.

US Pat. No. 9,226,000

CONTENT DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM AND METHOD

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A content distribution system for ensuring that total distribution content stored on a remote source matches content stored
at a head end and a plurality of target units, the content distribution system comprising:
a non-transitory memory at the head end; and
a content distribution server configured to determine first content being part of the total distribution content stored in
the remote source and is not stored in the non-transitory memory of the head end using set logic and configured to copy the
first content to the head end and to the target units in a multicast operation, wherein second content stored in the non-transitory
memory of the head end and being part of the total distribution content stored in the remote source before the multicast operation
is not provided to the target units during multicast operation, wherein third content stored in the non-transitory memory
of the head end and not part of the total distribution content stored in the remote source before the multicast operation
is determined and deleted from the non-transitory memory, wherein fourth content stored in one of the target units and not
part of the total distribution content stored in the remote source before the multicast operation is determined and deleted
from one of the targets, wherein fifth content stored in the non-transitory memory of the head end and being part of the universal
distribution content stored the remote source before the multicast operation and not being stored on another of the target
units is determined and provided to the another of the target units.

US Pat. No. 9,118,112

MULTI-SENSOR SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR VEHICLES

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A system for a vehicle, the system comprising:
a housing having an external surface and an internal surface, the housing being a radome for fitting on front bulk head of
the vehicle, the vehicle being an aircraft;

weather radar electronics disposed within the housing;
a downward looking antenna;
downward looking system electronics for the downward looking antenna, the downward looking antenna electronics being disposed
within the housing;

a single support electronics for providing either power or communication to the weather radar electronics and the downward
looking system electronics, wherein the single support electronics supports both the weather radar electronics and the downward
looking system electronics; and

a weather radar antenna mounted to the external surface and in electrical communication with the weather radar antenna electronics,
the weather radar antenna being comprised of at least one panel.

US Pat. No. 9,615,067

HEAD MOUNTED DIGITAL VIEWING SYSTEM

ROCKWELL COLLINS, INC., ...

1. A head mounted digital viewing system, comprising:
a) a sensor system having night vision, said sensor system including a first sensor and a second sensor, each sensor being
positionable substantially directly in front of a respective eye of the user, said sensor system providing sensor video data;

b) an image processing system configured to receive the sensor video data, said image processing system for digitally combining
and modifying said sensor video data, said image processing system providing display video data; and,

c) a display system positionable substantially in front of the eyes of the user, said display system including a first display
and a second display, each display being positionable substantially in front of a respective eye of the user said display
system configured to receive the display video data and provide a display image to the eyes of the user, wherein each said
display is positionable between each sensor and a respective eye of the user;

wherein the line of sight of each sensor and display are configured to be substantially aligned with the line of sight of
an eye of the user during night vision use, wherein said sensor system and said display system are mechanically separate from
each other and are mechanically aligned with each other and, wherein only said sensor system is configured to be flipped up
for daytime use.

US Pat. No. 9,411,050

GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM DEVICE FOR PROVIDING POSITION LOCATION INFORMATION TO A SMART DEVICE

ROCKWELL COLLINS, INC., ...

1. A global positioning system (GPS) device for providing position location information (PLI) to a smart device, comprising:
a) a GPS receiver for receiving satellite signals and deriving PLI;
b) a signal interpreting device for utilizing said derived PLI to provide a GPS originated analog audio signal, said signal
interpreting device comprising a digital to analog converter (DAC) to produce said GPS originated analog audio signal and
an analog to digital converter (ADC) to consume a smart device originated analog audio signal; and,

c) a GPS device interface configured to receive said GPS originated analog audio signal, said GPS device interface connected
via an audio connector adapted for use with an audio interface of a smart device to directly transmit said GPS originated
analog audio signal to the smart device.

US Pat. No. 9,377,852

EYE TRACKING AS A METHOD TO IMPROVE THE USER INTERFACE

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A method for managing a user interface, comprising:
detecting a gaze of a user within a display via an eye tracking sensor, the eye tracking sensor measuring eye movement or
eye motion;

correlating the gaze of the user to a first location associated with an item displayed on the display;
receiving an input from the user related to adjusting the item relative to a second location or adjusting a function associated
with the item relative to the second location; and

communicating the input to at least one of: an on board aircraft communication system and an off board aircraft communication
system, wherein the adjusting of the item or the adjusting of the function is only performed if the input and the gaze correspond
to the second location associated with the item displayed on the display.

US Pat. No. 9,245,450

SYSTEM, APPARATUS, AND METHOD FOR GENERATING RUNWAY VISUAL AIDS ON AN AIRCRAFT DISPLAY UNIT

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A system for generating visual aids presentable on an aircraft display unit, such system comprising:
a source of navigation data;
a source of terrain data;
a source of runway data;
at least one source of input factor data;
an image generating processor configured to
receive navigation data representative of position and orientation of an aircraft,
receive terrain data and runway data based upon the navigation data,
receive input factor data representative of at least one input factor,
determine visual aid data based upon the runway data and the input factor data and representative of a plurality of visual
aids including a touchdown zone indicator and at least one of a stop distance point indicator and a touchdown point indicator,
where

the touchdown zone indicator is located off of and adjacent to a runway and includes a plurality of boundaries, where
a location of a first boundary is dependent upon a configurable threshold alert point located on the runway and beyond the
beginning of the runway that is available for landing, and

a location of a second boundary is derived from an application of at least one input factor to a landing profile of the aircraft
which determines a minimum rollout distance to a rollout alert point for the runway,

the stop distance point indicator indicates a rollout point on the runway where the aircraft is predicted to complete its
rollout and stop, where

a location of the stop distance point indicator is derived from an application of at least one input factor to a landing profile
of the aircraft, and

the touchdown point indicator indicates an estimated touchdown point where the aircraft is predicted to touchdown, where
a location of the touchdown point indicator is derived from an application of at least one input factor to a landing profile
of the aircraft,

generate an image data set representative of the plurality of visual aids and a three-dimensional scene outside the aircraft,
wherein

the image data set is determined as a function of
the terrain data,
the runway data, and
the visual aid data, and
provide the image data set to an aircraft display unit; and
the aircraft display unit configured to
receive the image data set, and
present an image represented in the image data set, whereby
the runway is depicted with the plurality of two visual aids represented in the visual aid data.

US Pat. No. 9,202,380

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ELECTRONICALLY RECORDING A TAXI CLEARANCE ON AN AIRCRAFT DISPLAY UNIT

Rockwell Collins Inc., C...

1. A method for electronically recording a taxi clearance on a display unit, said method comprising:
establishing pixel image data representative of an image of airport surfaces;
receiving navigation data representative of ownship position;
receiving first entry data through a pilot input device prior to an actual taxi clearance being received by a person operating
ownship, where

the first entry data is representative of an entry corresponding to a presumed destination surface, where
the presumed destination surface is a surface presumed by the person operating ownship to be an assigned destination surface
prior to the actual taxi clearance being received by the person operating ownship, where

the assigned destination surface is specified by the actual taxi clearance; and
updating the pixel image data with first pixel data and second pixel data in response to the first entry data being received
and prior to the actual taxi clearance being received by the person operating ownship, where

the first pixel data is data representative of a first highlighter highlighting the presumed destination surface shown in
the image of airport surfaces, and

the second pixel data is determined through the use of an auto-route generating algorithm, where
the auto-route generating algorithm creates a preliminary taxi clearance comprised of at least one preliminary taxi surface,
and

the second pixel data is data representative of a second highlighter highlighting each preliminary taxi surface shown in the
image of airport surfaces.

US Pat. No. 9,179,575

MEMS BASED DEVICE FOR PHASE-CHANGE AUTONOMOUS TRANSPORT OF HEAT (PATH)

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A MEMS based two-phase loop thermal system which transfers heat autonomously from one or more heat sources to a heat sink,
comprising:
a) one or more expandable MEMS devices containing a working fluid;
b) one or more MEMS directional devices to control and regulate the flow of the working fluid;
c) one or more cooling channels that enable heat transfer from the one or more heat sources to the heat sink via the working
fluid; and

d) a MEMS condenser adjacent to the heat sink to convert the working fluid from a vapor phase to a liquid phase,
wherein the one or more expandable MEMS devices further contain expansion chambers, different from the one or more cooling
channels, that are constructed in series or in parallel, making an integrated MEMS controllable expansion chamber.

US Pat. No. 9,132,913

SIMPLIFIED AUTO-FLIGHT SYSTEM COUPLED WITH A TOUCHSCREEN FLIGHT CONTROL PANEL

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A method for resolving goal conflicts of an aircraft, comprising:
receiving a user request from a user interface system, the user request being associated with a modification to a flight path
based upon at least one user goal;

determining at least one conflict between the at least one user goal and at least one constraint, the at least one constraint
being associated with at least one other goal;

determining a rationale for the at least one conflict;
determining at least one solution to the at least one conflict; and
outputting at least a conflict indication, the rationale, and one or more solutions of the at least one solution to the user
interface system.

US Pat. No. 9,493,248

REMOTE DISPLAY OF FLIGHT DECK INFORMATION FROM A LEGACY DISPLAY SYSTEM

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. An engine indicating and crew alerting system (EICAS) comprising:
a plurality of engine alert processors (EAPs), each EAP comprises an input/output controller (IOC); an input/output buffer
random access memory (RAM), a signal processor (SP), shared RAM, and a display generator (DG),

wherein said SP is configured with software to pack graphics display data, where said graphics display data is representative
of information provided to and used by the DG for generating cathode ray tube (CRT) drive commands, said SP further configured
with software to pack internal data and DG data into ARINC (Aeronautical Radio INC.) 429 labels for transmission;

one or more graphics generator units (GGU), the one or more graphics generator units configured to receive internal data and
DG data with ARINC 429 labels, the one or more graphics generator units being configured to generate LCD drive commands from
the internal data and the DG data with ARINC 429 labels, wherein the one or more graphics generator units create the LCD drive
commands in accordance with a particular EICAS format based upon the internal data and DG data with ARINC 429 labels; and

a display device comprising a rectangular array of individually addressable pixels which receive said LCD drive commands,
which do not include and are not created using said CRT drive commands, where said LCD drive commands are provided via a non-electron
beam connection with said GGU.

US Pat. No. 9,453,731

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING ORIENTATION RELATIVE TO EARTH

ROCKWELL COLLINS CONTROL ...

1. A system for determining orientation of a fixture relative to the Earth, the system comprising:
a fixture configured to be coupled to a structure;
at least one sensor coupled to the fixture, the at least one sensor comprising an imaging device and being configured to detect
a celestial body and provide signals indicative of a plurality of positions of the detected celestial body relative to the
at least one sensor over a period of time, wherein detecting a celestial body comprises receiving an image from the imaging
device, and identifying candidate regions of the image and eliminating false detections by comparing the image to a template
image;

a Kalman filter; and
a processor configured to:
receive the signals from the at least one sensor,
receive information relating to a time and date associated with the period of time during which the celestial body is detected,
receive information relating to an expected relationship between the detected celestial body and the Earth at the time and
date, and

determine the orientation of the fixture relative to the Earth based on the signals from the at least one sensor, the information
relating to the time and date, and the information relating to the expected relationship between the detected celestial body
and the Earth at the time and date,

wherein the Kalman filter is configured to provide a more accurate orientation determination with respect to the Earth when
determining at least one of true north, azimuth, elevation angle, and bank angle.

US Pat. No. 9,384,586

ENHANCED FLIGHT VISION SYSTEM AND METHOD WITH RADAR SENSING AND PILOT MONITORING DISPLAY

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. An image processing system for enhanced flight vision, comprising:
a processor; and
memory coupled to the processor and containing program instructions that, when executed, cause the processor to
receive radar return data for a runway structure;
generate a three-dimensional model representative of the runway structure based on the radar return data;
generate a two-dimensional image of the runway structure from the three-dimensional model; and
generate an aircraft situation display image representative of the position of the runway structure with respect to an aircraft
based on the two-dimensional image, wherein the program instructions are further configured to cause the processor to filter
the radar return data to identify areas in the three-dimensional model having a reflectivity lower than a predetermined value,
wherein the data is filtered to reduce the radar return data in the areas to be zeroed out.

US Pat. No. 9,363,461

REAR PROJECTION DISPLAY SYSTEM FOR A VEHICLE

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A rear projection display system for an aircraft, comprising:
a) a pico projector, said pico projector mounted within a cabin of the aircraft and having a volume in a range of between
2.9 cubic inches and 63 cubic inches and a power consumption in a range of between 5 watts and 20 watts; and,

b) a rigid retractable pico rear projector screen operatively connected to said pico projector wherein said rigid retractable
pico rear projector screen is rotatable up into a housing mounted in the aircraft, wherein said housing comprises an overhead
bag bin of the aircraft cabin, wherein an image is projected through one side of the rear projector screen and viewed through
the other side of the rear projection screen, and wherein said housing is a common housing for containing said pico projector
and said rear projector screen, and

wherein said pico projector comprises:
i) a video input converter for receiving a video signal and providing an LED control signal and a digital micromirror device
(DMD) control signal, said LED control signal and DMD control signal being synchronized;

ii) a pico projector light engine operatively connected to said video input converter, comprising:
an LED assembly for receiving said LED control signal and generating an LED output;
an optics assembly for receiving said LED output, said optics assembly for channeling said LED output; and,
a DMD for receiving said DMD control signal and said channeled LED output and providing an image to the optics assembly for
projection onto said pico rear projector screen; and,

iii) a power supply operatively connected to said video input converter; and,
wherein said pico projector and said rear projector screen are operatively connected via a motor assembly, said motor assembly
including a gear and clutch mechanism that mechanically couples a motor and the rigid retractable pico rear projector screen.

US Pat. No. 9,135,204

HARDENED DVI INTERFACE

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus for transmitting a digital visual interface (DVI) signal, comprising:
a differential driver;
a differential receiver;
one or more transformers, each of the one or more transformers connected to the differential driver and differential receiver;
and at least one cable equalizer interposed between one of the one or more transformers and the differential receiver;
wherein:
the cable equalizer circuit is configured to recover high frequency components of at least one of the one or more balanced
DVI signals;

the differential driver is configured to receive one or more ground-up DVI signals;
the differential driver is configured to convert the one or more ground-up DVI signals into one or more balanced signals,
each comprising two waveforms of substantially similar magnitude but opposite voltage with reference to a ground;

the one or more transformers are configured to receive the two waveforms and transmit the two waveforms to a DVI compliant
cable; and

the differential driver and one or more transformers are configured to remove all direct current signals before transmitting
the two waveforms via the DVI compliant cable.

US Pat. No. 9,057,926

MULTI-WAVELENGTH EMITTER ARRAY

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. An array of pixel assemblies emitting multiple wavelengths in a direction, comprising:
a plurality of pixel assemblies, each respective pixel assembly having a respective pixel area, the respective pixel assembly
formed by:

one or more waveguides made from electro-optically active material;
a plurality of different wavelength emitters, the different wavelength emitters disposed at one or more of the ends of the
respective one or more waveguides to propagate their respective wavelengths therealong and capable of being switched,

wherein each of the respective waveguides has at least two of the different wavelength emitters emitting at respective different
wavelengths and disposed to propagate their respective wavelengths along the respective waveguide; and

at least one switch disposed in relation to the one or more waveguides to cause when activated, a shifting of the wavelengths
propagating in the one or more waveguides of the pixel assembly by substantially 90 degrees to be emitted through the respective
pixel area; and

a backplane with an electronic circuit for switching the plurality of switches and the emitters.

US Pat. No. 9,750,079

HYBRID SATELLITE RADIO SYSTEM

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A hybrid communications system, comprising:
a vehicle transceiver system comprising a first antenna operating at a first frequency band and at a low connection speed
to communicate with a first satellite and transmit an indexed internet request to the first satellite, the first satellite
comprising a low earth orbit (LEO) satellite or a medium earth orbit (MEO) satellite configured to transmit the indexed internet
request from the LEO satellite or the MEO satellite to an off-board host including a network operations center; and

a receiver system of the vehicle comprising a second antenna operating at a second frequency band and at a high connection
speed to receive communications from a second satellite, the second satellite comprising a geostationary orbit (GEO) satellite
that is in communication with the off-board host or the network operations center, the communications received including a
response to the internet request from the off-board host or the network operations center that is transmitted to the vehicle
from the GEO satellite.

US Pat. No. 9,554,352

MULTI-CHANNEL MESH ENHANCED MOBILE RADIO HANDSET

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A method, comprising the steps of:
providing a first mobile radio with a first plurality of programmable transceiver circuits, disposed therein;
providing a high gain antenna coupled to a first one of the first plurality of programmable transceiver circuits, said high
gain antenna configured to provide greater transmit power over a predetermined frequency subset of a frequency band common
to each of said first plurality of programmable transceiver circuits;

providing a location determining circuit configured to determine the location of the first mobile radio;
within said first mobile radio, coupling a processor with the first plurality of programmable transceiver circuits and the
location determining circuit, the processor running program logic that is configured to make an identification as to whether
the first mobile radio is in a location that may enable the first mobile radio to extend the reach of a network of a plurality
of radio nodes, where one of said plurality of radio nodes comprises said first mobile radio;

said processor further running program logic configured to make a designation of said first mobile radio as an advantaged
radio node in response to said identification; and

establishing communication between said first mobile radio at said predetermined frequency subset, in response to said designation,
where such communication extends the reach of the network by transmitting with said one of the plurality of programmable transceiver
circuits and said high gain antenna.

US Pat. No. 9,483,951

AIRBORNE SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETECTING AND AVOIDING ATMOSPHERIC PARTICULATES

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. An airborne system for detecting atmospheric particulates, comprising:
at least one sensor coupled with an aircraft and configured to capture at least one electromagnetic signal from a flight path
of the aircraft, the at least one electromagnetic signal including at least a first infrared wavelength and a second infrared
wavelength different from the first infrared wavelength;

an output device configured to provide at least one of: an image, a visual message, and an aural message in a form perceivable
by a flight crew member;

at least one processor coupled with the at least one sensor, the output device, and with a non-transitory processor-readable
medium storing processor-executable instructions for causing the at least one processor to:

receive a signal from the at least one sensor indicative of the at least one electromagnetic signal via an input port;
calculate a temperature difference between the first infrared wavelength and the second infrared wavelength;
determine a presence of atmospheric particulates in the flight path of the aircraft based at least partially on the temperature
difference between the first infrared wavelength and the second infrared wavelength;

determine a density and a width component of the atmospheric particulates in the flight path of the aircraft based at least
partially on the temperature difference;

calculate a total mass load of the atmospheric particulates based at least partially on the density and the width component;
determine an associated hazard level of the atmospheric particulates based at least partially on the total mass load of the
atmospheric particulates;

generate at least one of an aural message and a visual message indicative of the presence of atmospheric particulates in the
flight path of the aircraft; and

provide the at least one of the aural message and the visual message to a flight crew via the output device, wherein the at
least one of the aural message and the visual message includes at least one of an advisory, a caution, and a warning indicative
of the associated hazard level of the atmospheric particulates.

US Pat. No. 9,469,400

RECONFIGURABLE SEATBACK FOR IN-SEAT ENTERTAINMENT

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A reconfigurable seatback system comprising:
a display configured to provide in-flight entertainment to a passenger of an aircraft;
a receptacle area positioned in a seatback of the aircraft, the receptacle area configured to releasably receive and hold
the display via a first connection; and

a cover panel configured to cover the receptacle area via the first connection when the display is not positioned within the
receptacle area and to cover the receptacle area via a second connection when the display is positioned within the receptacle
area.

US Pat. No. 9,435,915

ANTIGLARE TREATMENT FOR GLASS

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. An article, comprising:
a glass material; and
an antiglare material covering at least partially the glass material;
wherein the antiglare material comprises at least one alkali silicate,
wherein the glass material is soda lime glass,
wherein the antiglare material is silica rich having a high silicate ratio of SiO2 to other chemicals in the antiglare material of at least about 3.25,

wherein the article has an impact strength at least 20% higher than that of the glass material.

US Pat. No. 9,432,611

VOICE RADIO TUNING

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A method, comprising:
receiving text data corresponding to user speech recognized by a voice recognition system;
receiving gaze location data from an eye tracking system;
determining at least one desired radio of a plurality of radios and at least one desired radio frequency based at least on
the text data and the gaze location data; and

performing one or more radio tuning operations to tune each of the at least one desired radio to a particular desired radio
frequency of the at least one desired radio frequency.

US Pat. No. 9,380,273

MULTIPLE APERTURE VIDEO IMAGE ENHANCEMENT SYSTEM

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. An electronic vision system comprising in operative combination:
a support, configured to be worn;
a plurality of apertures, disposed on said support, where each aperture of said plurality of apertures comprises:
an electronic light sensor die configured to generate electronic image data and an internal to an aperture computing die configured
to receive the electronic image data from said electronic light sensor die; and

a mesh network segment configured for at least indirectly interconnecting said aperture to a nearest neighboring aperture;
a computer coupled to said plurality of apertures and configured to receive a first electronic image data including a first
region of a scene having overexposed pixel samples from a first aperture of the plurality of apertures and a second electronic
image data including the first region of the scene having no overexposed pixel samples from a second aperture of the plurality
of apertures and to combine the first and second electronic image data and increase a bit-depth of the pixel samples to render
display data including an enhanced image of the first region of the scene having no overexposed pixel samples to be displayed;

a display device, disposed on said support, and coupled to receive display data rendered by said computer;
said display device being configured to display visual images of said display data; and
said computer is one of said computing die of one of said apertures configured to display visual images of said display data
to only one person at any time, where said only one person is a person wearing said support.

US Pat. No. 9,282,500

AD HOC HIGH FREQUENCY WITH ADVANCED AUTOMATIC LINK ESTABLISHMENT SYSTEM AND RELATED METHOD

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A method for ad-hoc beyond line of sight radio frequency communication, comprising:
receiving, by a first communication node associated with a first system, a first radio frequency signal indicative of at least
one of communication node identification data, communication node position data, communication node type data, frequency data,
periodic sounding data, or solar data;

generating a first connectivity matrix of communication nodes available to the first system, each communication node in the
first connectivity matrix in direct radio frequency communication with the first communication node via the first radio frequency
signal, the generating via an advanced automatic link establishment module;

storing the first connectivity matrix in a memory associated with the first system;
querying a second system associated with a second communication node via the advanced automatic link establishment module,
the second communication node being one of the communication nodes in the first connectivity matrix, the querying to obtain
a second connectivity matrix of communication nodes 1) available to the second system via a second radio frequency signal,
2) generated by the second system, and 3) stored by the second system;

updating the first connectivity matrix based on the obtained second connectivity matrix;
availing the first connectivity matrix to the second system;
determining a path for bi-directional communication between the first communication node and a third communication node, the
third communication node being one of the communication nodes in the second connectivity matrix;

bi-directionally communicating with the third communication node via the path, the path including the first radio frequency
signal between the first communication node and the second communication node and relayed by the second communication node
to the third communication node via the second signal;

periodically updating the first connectivity matrix via the advanced automatic link establishment module; and
periodically querying the second communication node for an updated second connectivity matrix via the advanced automatic link
establishment module.

US Pat. No. 9,189,962

SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR GENERATING ALERT SIGNALS IN A TERRAIN AWARENESS AND WARNING SYSTEM

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A system for generating an alert signal in a terrain awareness and warning system of an aircraft, said system comprising:
a navigation system;
a source of terrain data;
a source of airport data;
a terrain alert processor configured to
receive from the navigation system navigation data representative of the current position, projected flight path, altitude,
and attitude of an aircraft in flight,

acquire from the source of airport data airport-related data representative of the nearest airport from the current position
of the aircraft,

determine a phase of flight and flight attitude parameter as a function of the navigation data and the airport-related data,
determine one first value representative of a required terrain clearance altitude associated with the phase of flight and
flight attitude parameter,

acquire first terrain data and second terrain data from the source of terrain data based upon the current position and the
projected flight path of the aircraft, where

the first terrain data is representative of one second value, where
the second value is representative of one elevation of one terrain cell over which the aircraft is currently operating, and
the second terrain data is representative of a plurality of third values, where
the plurality of third values is representative of elevations of terrain cells over which the aircraft is projected to operate
and other than the one terrain cell over which the aircraft is currently operating,

determine one fourth value as a function of the first value and the second value, where
the fourth value is representative of one first minimum operating altitude of the one terrain cell over which the aircraft
is currently operating,

generate a first alert signal comprised of a first visual alert if the altitude of the aircraft is equal to or less than the
fourth value only, where

the first visual alert is a visual indication regarding the terrain over which the aircraft is currently operating only,
provide the first alert signal to a crew alerting system,
determine a plurality of fifth values as a function of the first value and the plurality of third values, where
the plurality of fifth values is representative of a plurality of second minimum operating altitudes of the terrain cells
over which the aircraft is projected to operate and other than the one terrain cell over which the aircraft is currently operating,

determine one sixth value as a function of the fourth value and the plurality of fifth values, where
the sixth value is representative of one minimum descent altitude,
generate a second alert signal comprised of a second visual alert if the altitude of the aircraft is equal to or less than
the sixth value only, where

the second visual alert is a visual indication regarding terrain other than the terrain over which the aircraft is currently
operating, and

provide the second alert signal to the crew alerting system; and
the crew alerting system comprised of at least one display unit and configured to
receive the first alert signal and the second alert signal, such that
the first visual alert is produced on a display unit when the first alert signal is received, and
the second visual alert is produced on a display unit when the second alert signal is received.

US Pat. No. 9,189,964

SYSTEM, MODULE, AND METHOD FOR PRESENTING RUNWAY TRAFFIC INFORMATION

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A system for presenting runway traffic information, said system comprising:
a source of navigation reference data;
a source of traffic data;
a processor configured to
establish a one partitioned runway awareness zone of one runway from navigation reference data received from the source of
navigation reference data, where

the partitioned runway awareness zone of one runway is one runway awareness zone partitioned into a plurality of contiguous,
rectangular sections,

receive traffic data, where
the traffic data is representative of traffic other than own-ship.
determine at least one rectangular section of the plurality of contiguous, rectangular sections occupied by traffic,
generate an advisory data set based upon the determination and independently of own-ship's position, where
the advisory data set is comprised of advisory data representative of
at least one first visual highlighter highlighting each rectangular section presently occupied by traffic in its entirety,
and

at least one second visual highlighter highlighting each rectangular section previously occupied by traffic in its entirety,
where

 each first visual highlighter and each second highlighter are non-textual, and
provide the advisory data set to a presentation system; and
the presentation system configured to
receive the advisory data set, and
present the advisory information represented in the advisory data to a recipient, thereby
highlighting each rectangular section of presently occupied and previously occupied by traffic in its entirety.

US Pat. No. 9,137,038

INTEGRATED MODULAR AVIONICS SYSTEM WITH DISTRIBUTED PROCESSING

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. An integrated modular avionics (IMA) system comprising:
one or more network communication busses;
at least one avionics module;
a first line replaceable unit operably coupled to the one or more communication busses, the first line replaceable unit including
a first node communication controller having one or more first embedded processors;

an additional line replaceable unit operably coupled to the one or more communication busses, the additional line replaceable
unit including an additional node communication controller having one or more additional embedded processors,

wherein the one or more first embedded processors of the first node communication controller and the one or more additional
embedded processors of the additional node communication controller redundantly host the at least one avionics module, wherein
the avionics function of the at least one avionics module is unrelated to at least one of a function of the first line replaceable
unit or a function of the additional line replaceable unit.

US Pat. No. 9,118,423

OPTICAL CONVERSION SYSTEM AND METHOD WITH MULTIPLE AMPLITUDE PROCESSING

Rockwell Collins.com, Ce...

1. A photonic processor, comprising:
a first input configured to receive an amplitude-modulated optical pulse signal;
a second input configured to receive an optical reference signal;
a plurality of stages, each stage being configured to receive the amplitude-modulated optical pulse signal and an attenuated
version of the optical reference signal, the attenuated version of the optical reference signal being attenuated in accordance
with a amplitude position of the stage, wherein each stage is comprised of:

a reference path;
a signal path; and
a balanced photo detector, wherein the balanced photo detector provides an electronic output signal corresponding to an amplitude
relationship of the amplitude version of the optical reference signal and the amplitude-modulated optical pulse signal for
the stage.

US Pat. No. 9,059,853

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PREVENTING A COMPUTING DEVICE FROM OBTAINING UNAUTHORIZED ACCESS TO A SECURE NETWORK OR TRUSTED COMPUTING ENVIRONMENT

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A system for preventing a computing device from obtaining unauthorized access to a secure network, comprising:
a) a network client agent operably connected to a computing device configured to intercept network traffic information from
applications running on said computing device and transmit a network request comprising application information and said network
traffic information;

b) a network token broker operably connected to said network client agent and containing a database of application information,
said network token broker configured to receive said network request and cooperate with said network client agent for i) verifying
whether said network request should be granted access to said secure network, and ii) generating a network authorization token
by cryptographically signing the intercepted network traffic information to provide a cryptographic signature, to authorize
network access for said intercepted network traffic information, wherein said network authorization token is returned to said
network client agent, said network client agent attaching the network authorization token to the network traffic information;
and,

c) a guard system operably connected to said computing device, configured to receive said network traffic information and
the attached network authorization token, and to inspect said network traffic information from said network client agent on
said computing device and reject any traffic information not signed with said network authorization token, wherein said guard
system is configured to provide inspection of said network traffic information by the process of:

i) receiving said network request and said network authorization token;
ii) testing the validity of said network authorization token to provide a validated said network request;
iii) stripping said network authorization token to restore said network request to provide original state prior to interception
by said network client agent, and

iv) forwarding said intercepted network traffic information to a secure network destination only if said network authorization
token is valid.

US Pat. No. 9,863,450

HYDRO-MECHANICAL DEVICE WITH PRELOADED FLOW REGULATING ASSEMBLY

ROCKWELL COLLINS, INC., ...

1. A hydro-mechanical device for providing tactile feel curve shaping, comprising:
a) a housing having a working fluid chamber formed therein, said working fluid chamber containing working fluid;
b) a fluid displacing element positioned within the working fluid chamber, said fluid displacing element dividing the working
fluid chamber into at least two cavities upon which fluid is transferred upon movement of said fluid displacing element; and,

c) a preloaded flow regulating assembly operatively connected to said housing,
wherein said preloaded flow regulating assembly comprises a preloaded element comprising a spring that prevents flow of fluid
between the at least two cavities until a predetermined pressure is achieved, and affects flow of fluid once said predetermined
pressure has been exceeded in cooperation with a flow restriction element comprising a plunger attached to an end of the spring
that opposes the flow of the working fluid, said plunger being located in an orifice of a working fluid conduit connected
to said housing,

wherein the flow of said working fluid is controlled through said preloaded flow regulating assembly in accordance with a
custom force profile combining a controlled velocity dependent force component and a controlled resisting force component,
which opposes an applied force at a controlled maximum threshold;

wherein said controlled velocity dependent force component is controlled by one or more of said preloaded elements and one
or more flow restriction elements which oppose the flow of the working fluid, thereby forming a pressure differential across
the flow regulating assembly, wherein a cooperation of each orifice and each plunger achieves desired device performance as
a result of the variable relative position between the orifice and the plunger as regulated by the preloaded element; and,

wherein said controlled resisting force component is controlled by said one or more preloaded elements and said one or more
flow restriction elements which prevent the flow of fluid between the two cavities until a predetermined pressure at the controlled
maximum threshold is achieved,

wherein said custom force profile is defined by an F-v orthogonal coordinate system, where F is the ordinate force axis and
v is the abscissa velocity axis, said custom force profile comprising an “a” segment, a “b” segment, a “c” segment, and a
“d” segment, wherein said “a” segment and said “c” segment each have one endpoint at an origin of the coordinate system and
extend along the ordinate to another endpoint, said “a” segment extending to FT, which is said controlled maximum threshold, said “c” segment extending to ?FT, which is said controlled maximum threshold in the opposite direction, wherein said “b” segment extends from said FT endpoint of said “a” segment with a continuous, positive slope and said “d” segment extends from said ?FT endpoint of said “c” segment with a continuous, negative slope.

US Pat. No. 9,541,763

ACTIVE HUD ALIGNMENT

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. An active head up display (HUD) boresight alignment system, comprising:
an aircraft inertial reference unit (IRU) rigidly coupled with the aircraft and configured to define an aircraft boresight
indicative of a three axis angular orientation of the aircraft;

a HUD angular orientation detector rigidly arranged relative to at least one component of a HUD in the aircraft, and configured
to determine a HUD boresight indicative of a three axis angular orientation of the HUD during flight of the aircraft; and

a processor coupled with the aircraft IRU and the HUD angular orientation detector, the processor configured to determine
a boresight angular offset of the HUD boresight to the aircraft boresight for at least one axis of the three axis angular
orientation, and to correct for the boresight angular offset based on the determined boresight angular offset.

US Pat. No. 9,464,901

RNP-SCALED WAYPOINT SYMBOLOGY GENERATING SYSTEM, DEVICE, AND METHOD

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A system for generating waypoint symbology, comprising:
a source of navigation data representative of
a first measurement comprised of a required navigation performance or a total system error, and
a second measurement comprised of at least one of an allowable flight technical error and an estimated position uncertainty;
and

a symbology generator including at least one processor coupled to a non-transitory processor-readable medium storing processor-executable
code and configured to:

acquire the navigation data;
generate presentation data representative of waypoint symbology as a function of the first measurement and the second measurement,
where

the waypoint symbology is comprised of an object defined by a plurality of concentric shapes centered on a reference line,
where

a size of a first concentric shape is scaled to the first measurement, and
a size of a second concentric shape is scaled to the second measurement; and
provide the presentation data to a presentation system, whereby
the waypoint symbology is presented to a viewer of at least one aircraft display unit.

US Pat. No. 9,407,357

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR RADIO NODE SYNCHRONIZATION BASED ON RANGE CALCULATIONS

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A radio node for updating a local timing parameter based on a message from a remote node, the radio node comprising:
a processing circuit; and
a receiver configured to receive the message and to provide the message to the processing circuit;
wherein the processing circuit is configured to determine an expected time of arrival for the received message using an estimation
of range between the radio node and the remote node;

wherein the processing circuit is further configured to obtain an estimate of a timing error for the radio node by comparing
the expected time of arrival with the actual time of arrival;

wherein the processing circuit is further configured to determine a timing error quality using position uncertainty information
and time uncertainty information of the remote node received from the remote node with the received message;

wherein the processing circuit is further configured to update the local timing parameter based on the calculated timing error
and the calculated timing error quality, the processing circuit configured to estimate the range between the radio node and
the remote node using position information included with the received message and of the location of the remote node and using
a location for the radio node, the processing circuit configured to disregard the timing error when the calculated timing
error quality is high; and

wherein the processing circuit varies a weight of the calculated timing error on the update of the local timing parameter
utilizing the calculated timing error quality.

US Pat. No. 9,244,167

LONG RANGE WEATHER INFORMATION DISPLAY SYSTEM AND METHOD

ROCKWELL COLLINS, INC., ...

1. A method of displaying weather for an aircraft using an avionic weather radar system, the method comprising:
providing a radar signal via a radar antenna of the avionic weather radar system;
receiving weather radar returns associated with the radar signal;
receiving onboard weather data derived from the weather radar returns of the weather radar system of the aircraft;
receiving external weather data from an external source, the external source being remote from the aircraft via an electronic
communications unit; and

providing a vertical weather profile of the weather on an electronic display based on the onboard weather data and the external
weather data from the external source, wherein the electronic display provides a first portion associated with a first range
closest to the aircraft, a second portion associated with a second range, and a third portion associated with a third range
farthest from the aircraft, the second range being between the first range and the third range, wherein first images of the
weather in the first range are provided on the first portion in response to the onboard weather data without the external
weather data, wherein third images of the weather in the third range are provided on the third portion in response to the
external weather data without the onboard weather data, wherein second images of the weather in the second range are provided
on the second portion in response to the onboard weather data and the external weather data, wherein the second images are
provided by determining if a first weather cell in the second range in the onboard weather data is within a predetermined
distance of a second weather cell in the second range in the external weather data, and if so, filling between display representations
of the first weather cell and the second weather cell in response to altitude values and reflectivity values of the first
weather cell and the second weather cell and if not, providing the representations of the first weather cell and the second
weather cell without filling.

US Pat. No. 9,197,471

OPTICALLY INTERLEAVED PHOTONIC ANALOG TO DIGITAL CONVERTERS

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A processor, comprising:
a phase modulator the photonic processor configured to receive a first electronic signal and an optical reference signal and
provide a phase modulated optical pulse signal;

an array of signal optical switches for receiving the phase modulated optical pulse signal and providing a set of time deinterleaved
sampled phase modulated optical pulse signals;

an array of reference optical switches for receiving a reference pulse signal and providing a set of reference time deinterleaved
reference pulse signals;

an array of optical demodulators each configured to receive a respective time deinterleaved phase modulated optical pulse
signal of the time deinterleaved sampled phase modulated optical pulse signals on a respective signal path and a respective
time deinterleaved reference pulse signal of the time de-interleaved reference pulse signals on a respective reference path,
wherein each of the demodulators is configured to perform demodulation and to provide a respective optical demodulated signal;

an array of photoconverters each configured to receive the respective optical demodulated signal and to provide a respective
second electronic signal corresponding to the respective optical demodulated signal; and

an array of track and hold amplifiers each for receiving the second respective electric signal and providing a respective
deinterleaved electronic signal.

US Pat. No. 9,176,340

AMLCD BACKLIGHT ANGULAR CONTROL USING FIBEROPTIC FACE PLATE

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A fiber optic face plate stack for a display, the display comprising a light source, a transparent cover, a diffuser, and
a brightness enhancement film, the fiber optic face plate stack comprising:
a fiber optic face plate;
wherein the fiber optic face plate is configured to allow light to be transmitted through the fiber optic face plate based
on the light being incident on the fiber optic face plate within an angular region defined by an acceptance cone, the fiber
optic face plate being configured to absorb light based on the light being incident on the fiber optic face plate outside
the angular region defined by the acceptance cone;

wherein the fiber optic face plate is biased at a specific angle by orienting fibers of the fiber optic face plate at a fiber
angle equal to the specific angle with respect to a fiber optic face plate normal, the specific angle being between 1 and
80 degrees, wherein the acceptance cone has a central axis biased at the specific angle; and

an image direction film between the light source and the fiber optic face plate and configured to offset distribution of the
light according to the specific angle, wherein the image direction film changes an angle of transmission of the light through
the image direction film, wherein the light from the light source is redirected into the acceptance cone, wherein the image
direction film is configured to bias the light at the specific angle.

US Pat. No. 9,094,088

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ACTIVE FREQUENCY TABLE (AFT) GENERATION

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A method for generating an active frequency table (AFT) for a plurality of high frequency (HF) ground communication sites,
comprising:
collecting, with a processor, forecast atmospheric condition information in a vicinity of a plurality of HF ground communication
sites;

selecting, with the processor, a relatively best HF frequency to support HF radio wave propagation for communications with
each of the plurality of HF ground communication sites from separate sets of discrete licensed HF frequencies for the each
of the HF ground communication sites, the selecting comprising:

isolating a past time frame in which atmospheric conditions in the vicinity of at least one of the plurality of HF ground
communication sites were comparable to the collected forecast atmospheric condition information in the vicinity of the at
least one of the plurality of HF ground communication sites;

determining a past relatively best HF frequency that was employed by the at least one of the plurality of HF ground communication
sites during the past time frame; and

setting that past relatively best HF frequency as the relatively best HF frequency to support the HF radio wave propagation
for communications with the at least one of the plurality of HF ground communication sites;

deconflicting, with the processor, potential interference between the selected relatively best HF frequency for at least one
of the plurality of HF ground communication sites and the selected relatively best HF frequency for others of the plurality
of HF ground communication sites;

generating, with the processor, the AFT for the plurality of HF ground communication sites based on results of the selecting
and the deconflicting; and

transmitting the generated AFT to the plurality of HF ground communication sites for implementation.

US Pat. No. 9,465,508

HIGH ASSURANCE CLASSIFICATION DISAMBIGUATION OF USER INPUT ON TACTICAL DISPLAY SYSTEMS

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus comprising:
a multi-level security display;
a processor connected to the multi-level security display;
a first data communication device configured to receive navigational data;
a second data communication device configured to send and receive real-time communications;
a third data communication device configured to receive object identification data;
an input device connected to the processor; and
computer executable program code configured to execute on the processor,
wherein:
the multi-level security display is configured to display a first element corresponding to data exclusively received from
the first data communication device associated with a first security level, a second element corresponding to data exclusively
received from the second data communication device associated with a second security level, and a third element corresponding
to data exclusively received from the third data communication device associated with a second security level;

the computer executable program code is configured to:
determine the first security level based on a predetermined security level associated with navigational communication devices;
determine the second security level based on a predetermined security level associated with real-time data communication devices;
receive an element selection from the input device, such element selection corresponding to the first element; and
render a visual indication of the first security level in response to the received element selection.

US Pat. No. 9,354,633

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR GROUND NAVIGATION

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A navigation system for use on an aircraft for determining a heading, velocity, and/or position of the aircraft, comprising:
a first radar antenna for mounting to a first wing of the aircraft and configured to receive radar returns;
a second radar antenna for mounting to a second wing of the aircraft and configured to receive radar returns, the first wing
and second wing extending from opposite sides of the aircraft; and

processing electronics configured to determine a velocity of the first and second wings based on the radar returns, the processing
electronics calculating the heading, velocity, and/or position of the aircraft based on the determined wing velocities.

US Pat. No. 9,337,953

SMART DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING AVIONICS DATA TRANSFER APPARATUS AND METHOD

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A method for controlling data transfer between a data providing device and an avionics device, the method comprising:
operating in a device mode, by an intermediate device communicatively coupled between the data providing device and the avionics
device, wherein the device mode allows the transfer of data to the data providing device from a storage medium of the intermediate
device, allows the transfer of data from the data providing device to the storage medium of the intermediate device, disallows
the transfer of data to the avionics device from the storage medium, and disallows the transfer of data from the avionics
device to the storage medium, wherein the intermediate device has the storage medium and a switcher mechanism; and

operating in an avionics mode, by the intermediate device, wherein the avionics mode allows the transfer of data to the avionics
device from the storage medium, allows the transfer of data from the avionics device to the storage medium, disallows the
transfer of data to the data providing device from the storage medium, and disallows the transfer of data from the data providing
device to the storage medium,

wherein only one of the data providing device and the avionics device is allowed to transfer data to or from the storage medium
at a particular time while operating in the device mode and the avionics mode,

wherein the data providing device is only indirectly communicatively coupled to the avionics device through the storage medium
of the intermediate device while operating in the device mode and the avionics mode.

US Pat. No. 9,091,745

OPTIMIZED TWO PANEL AESA FOR AIRCRAFT APPLICATIONS

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A radar system for an aircraft, the radar system comprising:
a pair of Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) panels disposed in a nosecone radome of the aircraft, the pair of AESA
panels respectively positioned on two opposing lateral sides of a longitudinal axis of the aircraft, wherein a pointing direction
of the first AESA panel is offset by a predetermined angle in a clockwise direction with respect to the longitudinal axis
of the aircraft and a pointing direction of the second AESA panel is offset by the predetermined angle in a counterclockwise
direction with respect to the longitudinal axis of the aircraft;

a controller in communication with each of the pair of AESA panels, the controller configured for selectively switching between:
the first AESA panel individually for providing a first coverage area in a first direction offset from the longitudinal axis
of the aircraft,

the second AESA panel individually for providing a second coverage area in a second direction offset from the longitudinal
axis of the aircraft, and

the pair of AESA panels jointly for providing a third coverage area between the first coverage area and the second coverage
area.

US Pat. No. 9,599,707

WEATHER RADAR SYSTEM AND METHOD WITH PATH ATTENUATION SHADOWING

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A method of displaying images associated with weather near an aircraft, the aircraft receiving radar returns received by
a weather radar antenna of the aircraft, the method comprising:
sensing a path attenuation condition using the radar returns; and
displaying the images of the weather using an outside source and the radar returns, wherein the images of the weather are
displayed using information from the outside source when the path attenuation condition is sensed;

wherein the images of the weather associated with the outside source are displayed as a speckled area or a cross hatched area;
wherein the speckled area includes green speckles, yellow speckles, and red speckles corresponding to precipitation rates
or the cross hatched area includes green lines, yellow lines, and red lines corresponding to the precipitation rates; and

wherein the speckles have a size associated with a time of sensing weather associated with the speckles, and wherein the speckles
have a density associated with a time of sensing weather associated with the speckles or the lines have a width associated
with the time of sensing weather.

US Pat. No. 9,519,089

HIGH PERFORMANCE VOLUME PHASE GRATINGS

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
an optical substrate configured to manipulate light received from a light source; and
at least one diffractive element in one layer in the optical substrate, each diffractive element being a volume phase grating,
and comprising:

a plurality of sub-substrate structures separated from one another by a plurality of valleys, the sub-substrate structures
comprising a material having a first refractive index; and

a filler material filling at least partially at least some of the plurality of valleys, the filler material having a second
refractive index that is unequal to the first refractive index,

wherein the at least one diffractive element has an index modulation value of at least about 0.3,
wherein each of the plurality of valleys has a depth of between about 0.5 and 2.0 microns, the depth being from a top to a
bottom of the sub-substrate structures,

wherein the material of first refractive index comprises at least one of a glass, optical polymer, and a metal oxide.

US Pat. No. 9,440,748

NOTIFICATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS AND METHODS OF NOTIFYING AN AIRCRAFT CREW MEMBER USING THE SAME

ROCKWELL COLLINS, INC.

1. A method for controlling an aircraft during flight using a notification management system, the method comprising:
creating a rule based on aircraft position information, a comparison operator, and a selected value associated with the aircraft
position information;

assigning a priority value to a notification associated with the rule, the priority value being assigned in relation to another
priority value assigned to an application executable on an information management device onboard the aircraft;

displaying on a display device the created rule, the aircraft position information, the comparison operator, the selected
value associated with the aircraft position information, the priority value assigned to the notification, and at least one
action to be performed in response to the notification;

transmitting the created rule to the information management device onboard the aircraft;
requesting aircraft data generated by one or more aircraft systems, the aircraft data including a current position of the
aircraft;

receiving the aircraft data onboard the aircraft;
comparing, by a processor, via the comparison operator the current position of the aircraft with the aircraft position information
and the selected value associated with the aircraft position information;

issuing, by the processor, the notification to an aircraft crew member onboard the aircraft during flight based on the priority
value assigned to the notification and the comparison of the current position of the aircraft with the aircraft position information
and the selected value associated with the aircraft position information, the notification including the at least one action
to be performed by the aircraft crew member in response to the notification; and

controlling the aircraft to alter the current position of the aircraft based on the at least one action being performed by
the aircraft crew member.

US Pat. No. 9,348,446

BEZEL FOR VEHICULAR TOUCHSCREEN DISPLAYS

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus for a vehicular touchscreen system, comprising:
a bezel configured to surround a touchscreen of a vehicular touchscreen device,
wherein the bezel includes:
at least one outwardly extending bezel portion, wherein the at least one outwardly extending bezel portion extends outwardly
in a direction at least partially having a component direction perpendicular to a surface of the touchscreen, a particular
outwardly extending bezel portion of the at least one outwardly extending bezel portion having a curved cross-section wherein
the curved cross-section extends at least partially linearly parallel to a surface of the vehicular touchscreen device, the
particular outwardly extending bezel portion including a first curved surface and a second curved surface, the first curved
surface having a slip-resistant texture or being covered in a slip-resistant material, the second curved surface being smooth.

US Pat. No. 9,329,453

OPTICAL PULSE ENERGY DIGITIZER

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

8. An analog front-end circuit of an optical pulse energy digitizer, comprising:
a demultiplexer configured to demultiplex a current pulse stream generated by a photodiode into a plurality of demultiplexed
current pulse streams;

a plurality of current to voltage converters coupled with the demultiplexer, each current to voltage converter configured
to convert a particular demultiplexed current pulse stream of the plurality of demultiplexed current streams to produce voltage
signals; and

a plurality of quantizers coupled with the plurality of current to voltage converters, each quantizer configured to receive
the voltage signals produced by a particular current to voltage converter of the plurality of current to voltage converters
and produce digital signals based on the voltage signals.

US Pat. No. 9,240,815

RECONFIGURABLE FILTER

ROCKWELL COLLINS, INC., ...

1. A reconfigurable filter comprising:
a splitter for receiving an input signal and dividing the input signal into a plurality of signals and respectively providing
the plurality of signals to a corresponding path of a plurality of paths;

a first filter section connected to a first path of the plurality of paths for providing a first filtered signal, wherein
the first filter section is operably responsive to a first control signal to change a frequency response of the first filter
section, wherein the first filter section is a tunable band pass filter responsive to the first control signal;

an all pass section connected in parallel with the first filter section and connected to a second path of the plurality of
paths for providing an unfiltered signal; a second filter section connected to a third path of the plurality of paths for
providing a second filter signal, wherein the second filter section is operably responsive to a second control signal to change
a frequency response of the second filter section, wherein the second filter section is a tunable notch filter; and

a combiner for combining the first filtered signal, the second filter signal, and the unfiltered signal for producing a composite
filtered signal.

US Pat. No. 9,583,010

VERTICAL PATH PROFILE GENERATING SYSTEM, DEVICE, AND METHOD

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A system for generating a vertical path profile presentable to a viewer, said system comprising:
a source of navigation data;
a source of performance factors data; and
a vertical path generator configured to:
receive navigation data representative of takeoff runway information;
receive performance factors data representative of aircraft performance factors;
determine a first vertical path as a function of first design criteria to which the takeoff runway information and the aircraft
performance factors are applied, where

the first vertical path is comprised of a plurality of first segments, and
the first design criteria is comprised of a plurality of attainable climb gradients;
determine a second vertical path as a function of second design criteria to which the takeoff runway information and the aircraft
performance factors are applied, where

the second vertical path is comprised of a plurality of second segments, and
the second design criteria is comprised of a plurality of predefined, minimum climb gradients; and
generate presentation data
responsive to the determinations of the first vertical path and the second vertical path, and
representative of at least a first vertical path profile indicative of the plurality of first segments and a second vertical
path profile indicative of the plurality of second segments, such that

the first vertical path profile and the second vertical path profile are presentable to a viewer together with a horizontal
axis and a vertical axis, where

 the horizontal axis is indicative of a time-based or distance-based scale, and
 the vertical axis is indicative of a vertical distance scale.

US Pat. No. 9,500,498

DYNAMIC PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY ANNUNCIATIONS

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A system for providing dynamic user-selectable primary flight display (PFD) flags, comprising:
a user interface device including a touchscreen display device, wherein the touchscreen display device includes a primary
flight display area;

one or more processors; and
a non-transitory computer-readable storage medium containing instructions configured to cause the one or more processors to:
receive at least one instrumentation parameter;
display two or more dynamic user-selectable primary flight display annunciations in the primary flight display area of the
touchscreen display device in response to the received at least one instrumentation parameter, the two or more dynamic user-selectable
primary flight display annunciations including two or more soft keys configured to display two or more visual identifiers
for indicating available checklist data associated with the two or more dynamic user-selectable primary flight display annunciations;

receive one or more signals from the touchscreen display device indicative of a user selection of at least two of the two
or more dynamic user-selectable primary flight display annunciations, wherein a user selection includes pressing one or more
soft keys displaying one or more visual identifiers associated with one or more selected dynamic user-selectable primary flight
display annunciations; and

responsive to the user selection of the at least two selected dynamic user-selectable primary flight display annunciations,
retrieve at least two checklists corresponding to the at least two selected dynamic user-selectable primary flight display
annunciations and simultaneously display the at least two retrieved checklists corresponding to the at least two selected
dynamic user-selectable primary flight display annunciations.

US Pat. No. 9,453,921

DELAYED-BASED GEOGRAPHIC POSITION DATA GENERATION SYSTEM, DEVICE, AND METHOD

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

9. A device for generating geographic position data, such device comprising:
a processor configured to
receive first navigation data representative of a first measurement of at least geographic position;
receive second navigation data representative of measurements of angular and linear motions; and
determine and generate third navigation data representative of a second measurement of at least geographic position as a first
function of

the second navigation data, and
fourth navigation data representative of an estimate of error of at least a measurement of geographic position determined
and generated as a second function of

a delay of the first navigation data, and
either fifth navigation data or a delay of previously-generated third navigation data.

US Pat. No. 9,441,802

DUAL MODE BACKLIGHT SYSTEM AND RELATED METHOD

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A dual mode backlight system, comprising:
a circuit card having a first side and a second side, the circuit card including a first array of lights for use in a first
mode and a second array of lights for use in a second mode, wherein the first array of lights and the second array of lights
are arranged on the first side of the circuit card in alternating rows;

a heat sink, the heat sink connected to the second side of the circuit card;
a light filter assembly, the light filter assembly including a light filter plate and a plurality of light filters disposed
within the light filter plate, each light filter of said plurality of light filters configured for filtering light from the
second array of lights, the light filter plate connected to the first side of the circuit card to create a physical partition
between the first array of lights and the second array of lights on the first side of the circuit card;

a diffuse reflector, the diffuse reflector connected to the light filter assembly;
wherein the light filter assembly and diffuse reflector are connected to the first side of the circuit card to create an optical
seal between each light of the first array of lights and the second array of lights.

US Pat. No. 9,369,484

DYNAMIC SECURITY HARDENING OF SECURITY CRITICAL FUNCTIONS

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A method for providing dynamic security hardening of selected aircraft functions, comprising the steps of:
a) monitoring sequences of real-time security events for at least one aircraft function;
b) accessing a database storing a plurality of sequences of attack events indicative of an attack of the at least one aircraft
function, wherein said database comprises:

i) a plurality of nodes, each node representing a potential attack, each node including at least one node attribute;
ii) a plurality of links, each link connecting a pair of said plurality of nodes, each link representing a potential attack
progression, each link including at least one link attribute; and,

iii) at least one security property for a specified node;
c) probabilistically inferring, by at least one processor, a location, progression, and security property of a real-time attack
represented within the database by utilizing said sequences of real-time security events; and

d) automatically activating at least one avionics specific countermeasure in real-time, in response to the inferred location,
progression, and security property of the real-time attack.

US Pat. No. 9,349,230

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR IMPLEMENTING TARGETED NETWORK COMMUNICATION AND AUTOMATION CAPABILITIES IN A DISTRIBUTED ACCESS CONTROL SYSTEM

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A system for implementing access control, comprising:
a first communicating device that is configured to communicate with a plurality of access control checkpoint components at
a plurality of access control checkpoints controlled by a first entity, each of the access control checkpoint components being
used to gain access to at least one of an access-controlled space, access-controlled equipment and an access controlled device;

a second communicating device that is configured to separately communicate with a plurality of access control databases, each
one of the plurality of access control databases (1) being controlled by a second entity and (2) containing information maintained
by the second entity for individual access verification, the second entity being a different entity from the first entity;

an access resolution device that is configured to
receive, via the first communicating device, an access request generated by a first one of the plurality of access control
checkpoint components, the received access request including (1) identifying information for an individual seeking access
verification via the first one of the plurality of access control checkpoints and (2) an identification of the one of the
plurality of access control databases containing the information for the individual access verification,

initiate a query, via the second communicating device, of the identified one of the plurality of databases containing the
information for the individual access verification according to the identifying information in the received access request,

receive, via the second communicating device, individual access verification information from the identified one of the plurality
of databases, and

forward, via the first communicating device, the received individual access verification information to the first one of the
plurality of access control checkpoint components; and

a message transmission device that is configured to
receive information regarding an anomalous occurrence in a vicinity of the first one of the plurality of access control checkpoint
components,

search one or more message and information databases to retrieve messaging information for directing a response to the anomalous
occurrence at the first one of the plurality of access control checkpoint components or for directing a supporting response
to the anomalous event at a second one of the plurality of access control checkpoint components via the first communicating
device,

generate a data transmission based the retrieved messaging information, and
send the generated data transmission to at least one receiving node.

US Pat. No. 9,341,846

HOLOGRAPHIC WIDE ANGLE DISPLAY

ROCKWELL COLLINS INC.

1. An apparatus for displaying an image, comprising:
an input image node configured to provide at least first and second image modulated lights; and
a holographic waveguide device configured to propagate at least one of the first and second image modulated lights in at least
a first direction, the holographic waveguide device comprising:

at least first and second interspersed multiplicities of grating elements disposed in at least one layer, the first and second
grating elements having respectively first and second prescriptions;

wherein the first and second image modulated lights are modulated respectively with first field of view (FOV) image information
and second FOV image information;

wherein the first multiplicity of grating elements are configured to deflect the first image modulated light out of the at
least one layer into a first multiplicity of output rays forming a first FOV tile, and the second multiplicity of grating
elements are configured to deflect the second image modulated light out of the layer into a second multiplicity of output
rays forming a second FOV tile,

wherein the at least first and second interspersed multiplicities of grating elements comprises N1 interspersed multiplicities of grating elements disposed in the at least one layer, where N1 is an integer, each of the N1 interspersed multiplicity of grating elements having a respective different prescription, the multiplicities of grating elements
arranged in a series of bands including a first band having N1 different prescriptions, and two second bands arranged respectively on both sides of the first band and having an integer
N2 different prescriptions, where N1>N2,

wherein the series of bands includes two third bands arranged respectively on both sides of the second bands and having an
integer N3 different prescriptions, and two fourth bands arranged respectively on both sides of the third bands and having an integer
N4 different prescriptions, where N1>N2>N3>N4.

US Pat. No. 9,269,239

SITUATIONAL AWARENESS SYSTEM AND METHOD

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A situational awareness system, comprising:
at least one network radio module configured to be coupled with an ad-hoc network;
at least one portable situational awareness unit, including:
at least one sensor configured to be associated with a user and to sense data indicative of a location of a current field
of view of the user in an external scene and to output at least one first signal indicative of the location of the current
field of view of the user in the external scene;

a receiver configured to receive at least one second signal from a remote data source via the at least one network radio module,
the at least one second signal indicative of at least one of: a location of at least one object in the external scene and
identifying information for at least one object in the external scene;

a display configured to be associated with the user and to display at least one visual indicator in the current field of view
of the user; and

a processing module coupled with the at least one sensor, the at least one network radio module, and the display, the processing
module having at least one processor coupled with a non-transitory processor-readable medium storing processor-executable
instructions for causing the at least one processor to:

receive the at least one first and second signals;
generate, at least partially based on the at least one first and second signals, at least one visual indicator indicative
of identifying information for the at least one object located in the external scene and a location for the at least one object
relative to the current field of view of the user; and

provide the at least one visual indicator to the display for display in the current field of view of the user.

US Pat. No. 9,223,020

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR WEATHER DETECTION USING MORE THAN ONE SOURCE OF RADAR DATA

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A terrestrial system comprising:
electronics configured to receive aircraft weather radar data and terrestrial weather radar data, and configured to provide
composite weather data, wherein the composite weather data comprises weather elements selected from the aircraft weather radar
data and the terrestrial weather radar data, wherein one weather element for the composite weather data is selected from weather
elements from a same region by selecting the one weather element of the weather elements from the same region using selection
criteria comprising time of sensing each of the weather elements from the same region, wherein the electronics is configured
to provide a command to an aircraft having an onboard weather radar system for requesting additional weather radar data according
to a schedule of additional radar scans by the onboard weather radar system of the same region associated with the weather
element to obtain the additional weather radar data, wherein the schedule provides a rate of the additional radar scans by
the onboard weather radar system based upon a weather severity associated with the weather element.

US Pat. No. 9,193,442

PREDICTABLE AND REQUIRED TIME OF ARRIVAL COMPLIANT OPTIMIZED PROFILE DESCENTS WITH FOUR DIMENSIONAL FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM AND RELATED METHOD

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A method for generating a predictable descent path for a vehicle, comprising:
receiving a preplanned lateral route including at least one metering waypoint;
receiving weather information including a wind vector for at least one altitude, the at least one altitude corresponding to
the preplanned lateral route;

receiving a required time of arrival for the at least one metering waypoint;
receiving vehicle information indicative of at least one performance parameter of the vehicle;
generating an idle descent path, the idle descent path being a first vertical path corresponding with the lateral path, the
idle descent path based on the vehicle information and the weather information;

generating a geo path, the geo path being a second vertical path corresponding with the preplanned lateral route, the geo
path based on a vertical geometry from a top of descent point to at least one arrival point, the top of descent point and
the arrival point corresponding with the preplanned lateral route;

generating a descent speed based on a desired vehicle performance;
generating a reference path based on a combination of the idle descent path and the geo path;
refining the descent speed via at least one speed adjustment, the at least one speed adjustment based at least on: the required
time of arrival, the desired vehicle performance, and an external disturbance;

generating a predictable descent path based on the reference path, the predictable descent path corresponding with the preplanned
lateral route, the predictable descent path at the refined descent speed, the predictable descent path in compliance with
at least one of: the required time of arrival, the vehicle information, and a published descent profile; and

displaying the predictable descent path to a vehicle crewmember on a display.

US Pat. No. 9,058,510

SYSTEM FOR AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING DISPLAY CHARACTERISTICS INCLUDING BRIGHTNESS AND CONTRAST

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A method of controlling display content on an electronic display, the method comprising:
receiving a control signal from a user interface, the user interface includes a rotatable dial that produces the control signal;
receiving an electronic video input signal having a first pixel intensity associated with a first pixel;
providing an electronic video output signal having a second pixel intensity for the first pixel, wherein the second pixel
intensity is provided according to a plurality of zones related to the control signal, the zones each having a different zone
relationship between the first pixel intensity and the second pixel intensity, wherein each zone is defined by a set of linear
equations relating the first pixel intensity to the second pixel intensity, wherein each of the plurality of zones are associated
with at least one predetermined degree range of dial rotation of the rotatable dial of the user interface, and the second
pixel intensity is provided in accordance with a zone relationship of a selected zone of the zones, the zone relationship
of the selected zone defining the second pixel intensity with respect to the first pixel intensity and a position of the user
interface associated with the control signal;

generating symbology at a graphics engine, the symbology generated in response to aircraft data;
displaying an image associated with the video output signal on the electric display; and
overlaying the symbology on the image such that the symbology is displayed at a symbology pixel intensity that is calculated
independent of the second pixel intensity of the electronic video output signal, wherein the symbology pixel intensity is
a maximum pixel intensity or a maximum apparent pixel intensity.

US Pat. No. 9,057,773

WEATHER INFORMATION DISPLAY SYSTEM AND METHOD

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

11. A system, comprising:
an electronic processor configured to:
generate a three-dimensional weather profile of weather near an aircraft based on reflectivity data from radar returns of
a weather radar system of the aircraft;

estimate weather data of the three-dimensional weather profile above a freezing layer height using a function that is based
on a rate of reduction in reflectivity above the freezing layer; and

transmit weather display data to a display device, the weather display data being configured to cause the display device to
display a visual representation of the three-dimensional weather profile.

US Pat. No. 9,612,985

SYNCHRONIZATION MECHANISMS FOR HIGH-INTEGRITY COMPUTING

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A system comprising:
a first plurality of processors;
a second plurality of processors dissimilar from the first plurality of processors;
a first arbitration device coupled to the first plurality of processors; and
a second arbitration device coupled to the second plurality of processors, the first arbitration device and the second arbitration
device being configured to receive event data, store the received event data, and to output the received event data at substantially
a same time, wherein at least one processor of the first plurality of processors and at least one processor of the second
plurality of processors are configured to access the event data.

US Pat. No. 9,443,438

TAXI CLEARANCE ELECTRONIC RECORDING DISPLAY UNIT AND METHOD

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A device for displaying an electronically recorded taxi clearance, said device comprising:a display unit configured to:
receive pixel image data representative of an image of a plurality of surfaces and ownship position indicator provided by
a taxi path generator configured to:

establish the pixel image data;
receive first entry data representative of a selection of a destination surface of the plurality of surfaces through a pilot
input device; and

update the pixel image data with first pixel data in response to the first entry data being received, where
the first pixel data is representative of an image of a stretchable line comprised of a first anchor point and a second anchor
point, where

the first anchor point is established on a surface indicated by the ownship position indicator, and
the second anchor point is established at the destination surface; and
present the image to a viewer.

US Pat. No. 9,350,076

WIDEBAND VOLTAGE-DRIVEN ELECTRICALLY-SMALL LOOP ANTENNA SYSTEM AND RELATED METHOD

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. An electrically small antenna system for radiation of a desired transmission signal, comprising:
a conductive cylindrical shell having a circumference and a height;
a ground plane electrically connected with the conductive cylindrical shell, the height of the conductive cylindrical shell
aligned along an axis orthogonal to the ground plane;

a cap of the conductive cylindrical shell coupled with the conductive cylindrical shell, the cap a distance distal from the
ground plane equal to the height;

a plurality of power amplifiers combined through a corresponding plurality of independent interior center conductors, the
plurality of independent interior center conductors configured to inhibit transmission of at least one harmonic of a frequency
of the desired transmission signal, each independent interior center conductor aligned with the axis orthogonal to the ground
plane and centered within the circumference, each independent interior center conductor terminated at the cap;

wherein the electrically small antenna system is configured for:receiving the desired transmission signal;
transmitting the desired transmission signal through the conductive cylindrical shell to the ground plane via the plurality
of independent interior center conductors and the cap;

inhibiting radiation of a target harmonic of the frequency; and
radiating the desired transmission signal via the conductive cylindrical shell, the radiating configured to radiate an azimuthally
regular radiation pattern, the radiating further configured to present a desired inductive feed point impedance required of
a power amplifier of the plurality of power amplifiers.

US Pat. No. 9,347,794

IMAGE DATA COMBINING SYSTEMS AND METHODS OF MULTIPLE VISION SYSTEMS

ROCKWELL COLLINS, INC., ...

1. A system for combining image data from a plurality of vision systems, such system comprising:
a source of navigation data;
a source of navigation reference data;
a source of first image data;
a source of second image data;
an image generator configured to
receive navigation data representative of a name of at least one airport runway and at least aircraft position data,
receive navigation reference data representative of a plurality of predetermined numerical locations for at least one named
airport runway,

receive first image data representative of a first image of a scene outside the aircraft,
receive second image data representative of a second image of a scene outside the aircraft,
identify third image data as a function of the first image data and lighting awareness zone data representative of a lighting
awareness zone for each named airport runway created from or represented in the navigation reference data, where

the third image data is comprised of first image data falling within the lighting awareness zone for each named airport runway,
and

the lighting awareness zone for each named airport runway is a zone delineated by inner and outer boundaries and encompassing
at least a runway lighting system for the named airport runway but excluding the named airport runway, where

the inner boundary is located
on runway edges and runway ends of the named airport runway, or
in between the runway lighting system and both the runway edges and the runway ends of the named airport runway,
generate fourth image data as a function of the second image data and the third image data, where
the fourth image data is representative of a third image of a scene outside the aircraft, and
provide the fourth image data to a display system; and
the display system configured to
receive the fourth image data, and
present the third image.

US Pat. No. 9,341,478

SURFACE INFORMATION DISPLAY INHIBITING SYSTEM, DEVICE, AND METHOD

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A system for inhibiting the display of information to a viewer, such system comprising:
a source of navigation data;
at least one source of surface data; and
an image generator configured to
receive navigation data representative of at least a location of a vehicle on a current paved surface;
retrieve surface data based upon the navigation data, where
the surface data is representative of at least
a first paved surface and first paved surface markings, and
at least one second paved surface and second paved surface markings for each second paved surface, where
 the first paved surface is comprised of the current paved surface, and
 each second paved surface is comprised of a paved surface intersecting the first paved surface;
generate an image data set as a function of the navigation data and the surface data, where
the image data set is representative of an image of a three-dimensional perspective of an outside scene comprised of
the first paved surface and first paved surface markings located in the outside scene, and
each second paved surface and second paved surface markings of each second paved surface located in the outside scene; and
modify the image data set as a function of an image modification area, where
the image modification area is a portion of the image, and
the image data set is modified by inhibiting the visibility of the second paved surface markings for each second paved surface
falling within the image modification area without inhibiting the visibility of the first paved surface, each second paved
surface, and at least a part of the first paved surface markings of the first paved surface.

US Pat. No. 9,128,594

TOUCH INTERFACES AND CONTROLS FOR AVIATION DISPLAYS

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus for controlling an aviation display comprising:
processing electronics configured to:
cause the aviation display to provide an icon, a first format for aviation data, and a second format for aviation data, wherein
the icon is a symbolic representation of the aviation data, and wherein the first format includes a full format image of a
first live data and the second format includes a scaled representation of a second live data;

process a first touchscreen gesture on the scaled representation of the second live data shown in the second format to cause
the second live data to be provided in the first format and the first live data to be provided in the second format; and

process a second touchscreen gesture to cause the aviation display to switch between providing the aviation data in at least
one of the icon, the full format image of the first live data, and a scaled representation of the first live data.

US Pat. No. 9,118,437

SPATIALLY SEGMENTED ANTI-JAM ANTENNA

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus for providing anti-jamming capabilities comprising:
a multidirectional antenna unit including a plurality of directional antenna elements configured to spatially segment an operational
theatre into two or more regions;

a plurality of receivers, each receiver in communication with a directional antenna element
a plurality of modems, each modem in communication with a receiver and configured to correlate on a selected synchronization
preamble received from the receiver;

a switching element configured to selectably couple one or more of the directional antenna elements to a multifunction information
distribution system terminal; and

a processing unit in communication with the plurality of modems and the switching element, the processing unit configured
to execute a set of program instructions suitable for causing the processing unit to direct the switching element to couple
a directional antenna element in an unjammed state to the multifunction information distribution system terminal.

US Pat. No. 9,059,768

INTERFERENCE CANCELLATION SYSTEM AND METHOD

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A system for large signal cancellation while allowing small signal reception, comprising:
a first receiver defining a reference path for a received signal, the received signal comprised of a desired signal and an
interfering signal, the reference path configured to route the interfering signal;

a second receiver defining a receive path for the received signal, the receive path configured to route the received signal;
the reference path including:
at least one reference analog bandpass filtering element configured for filtering the received signal and producing a reference
analog filtered received signal;

at least one reference delay element, the at least one reference delay element having a variable delay based on at least a
desired signal frequency, the at least one reference delay element configured for receiving the reference analog filtered
received signal and producing a wideband interference signal;

an elimination module configured for eliminating an interference reference at the desired signal frequency, the elimination
module configured for receiving the analog filtered received signal and producing a notched wideband interference signal;

an extraction module configured for extracting an interference reference at the desired signal frequency, the extraction module
configured for receiving each of the wideband interference signal and the notched wideband interference signal and producing
a narrowband interference signal;

the receive path including:
at least one receive analog bandpass filtering element configured for filtering the received signal and producing a receive
analog filtered received signal;

at least one receive delay element having a variable delay based at least on the desired signal frequency, the at least one
receive delay element configured for receiving the receive analog filtered received signal and producing a delayed received
signal;

a subtraction module configured for subtracting the notched wideband interference signal from the delayed received signal,
the subtraction module configured for producing a desired signal inclusive of the narrowband interference signal; and

a combiner configured for subtraction of at least one of: the narrowband interference signal and a noise and distortion signal
from the desired signal inclusive of the digital narrowband interference signal, the combiner producing a desired output signal
comprised of the desired signal without the interfering signal.

US Pat. No. 9,509,394

ADVANCE MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS GATEWAY WITH SATCOM BACKHAUL ACCESS AND A MODULARIZED DATA SECURITY SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DATA AND SECURE KEY DISTRIBUTION TO AIRCRAFT

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A portable communicating system for bulk data delivery to a vehicle, comprising:
a first communicating device that establishes communication with at least one data source according to a selectable one of
a plurality of available communication links to facilitate backhaul transfer of bulk data from the at least one data source
to the portable communicating system;

a second communicating device that communicates directly with a vehicle when the portable communicating system is in close
proximity to the vehicle to implement high data rate transmission of the bulk data to an onboard data server in the vehicle;

a data storage device that stores the bulk data;
a data security device that enables a secure data exchange protocol for (1) the transferring of the bulk data from the at
least one data source to the portable communicating system, and (2) the storing of the bulk data in the data storage device;

a data exchange coordinating device that is configured to
receive an input that initiates a transferring of bulk data from the at least one data source to the portable communicating
system;

automatically select a transfer communication link for the first communicating device from among the plurality of available
communication links;

confirm with the data security device that the secure data exchange protocol is enabled for the selected transfer communication
link;

receive the bulk data from the at least one data source via the selected transfer communication link;
store the received bulk data in the data storage device in a secure manner according to the secure data exchange protocol;
receive an indication of communication being established with the onboard data server in the vehicle via the second communicating
device;

automatically initiate the high data rate transmission of the bulk data to the onboard data server in the vehicle via the
second communicating device;

receive an indication regarding available data stored in the onboard data server in the vehicle to be downloaded to the portable
communicating system;

automatically initiate high data rate reception of the available data from the onboard data server in the vehicle via the
second communicating device; and

direct storage of the available data received from the onboard server in the data storage device.

US Pat. No. 9,499,278

SYSTEM FOR AND METHOD OF DISPLAYING LEVELS OF TURBULENCE

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A method of displaying areas of turbulent weather, comprising:
processing data representative of weather conditions;
displaying the weather conditions on a display;
detecting turbulence;
providing at least one first graphical element upon the display, wherein the first graphical element has a first size and
a first location representing a size and a location of the turbulence at a first level, the first level being below a threshold;
and

providing at least one second graphical element upon the display, wherein the second graphical element has a second size and
second location representing a size and a location of the turbulence at a second level, the second level being above the threshold,
providing the at least one second graphical element comprising determining an initial size of the second graphical element
based on a geographic area of the turbulence, determining whether to adjust the initial size of the second graphical element
based on a minimum display size, and determining the second size of the second graphical element based on the minimum display
size;

wherein determining the second size based on the minimum display size comprises:
determining whether the initial size of the second graphical element based on the geographic area of the turbulence at the
second level is less than the minimum display size; and

setting the second size to the minimum display size in response to determining the initial size is less than the minimum display
size; and

wherein the second size is determined based on an inflation factor, wherein the inflation factor is a function of a peak turbulence
within a given radius, a filtered peak turbulence within a given radius, a density of turbulence at the second level, or a
number of turbulence detections which exceed the threshold within a given radius.

US Pat. No. 9,501,938

SURFACE INFORMATION GENERATING SYSTEM, DEVICE, AND METHOD

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A system for generating surface information presentable on at least one display, such system comprising:
a source of navigation data;
a source of object data; and
an image generator configured to:
receive navigation data representative of at least aircraft geographic position, altitude, and heading;
retrieve object data based upon at least the aircraft geographic position, where
the object data is representative of a plurality of predefined elevations and geographic locations of at least one of terrain
and stationary, manmade structures located outside an aircraft; and

generate an image data set based upon the navigation data, the object data, and object highlighting band criteria, where
the image data set is representative of a visible image comprised of at least one object highlighting band presented against
a visible image of a three-dimensional scene located outside the aircraft, where

at least one of the terrain and stationary, manmade structures located within an object highlighting band is visually highlighted
by at least one enhancing effect.

US Pat. No. 9,454,418

METHOD FOR TESTING CAPABILITY OF DISSIMILAR PROCESSORS TO ACHIEVE IDENTICAL COMPUTATIONS

ROCKWELL COLLINS, INC., ...

1. A method for testing processors, the method comprising:
generating, from a set of input bits, a first set of machine data bits in a first processor and a second set of machine data
bits in a second processor dissimilar to the first processor;

comparing the first set of machine data bits with the second set of machine data bits to output a first comparison result;
generating, from a third set of machine data bits, a first set of machine result bits in the first processor and a second
set of machine result bits in the second processor;

comparing the first set of machine result bits with the second set of machine result bits to output a second comparison result;
generating, from a fourth set of machine data bits, a first set of output bits in the first processor and a second set of
output bits in the second processor;

comparing the first set of output bits with the second set of output bits to output a third comparison result; and
determining whether the first processor and the second processor operate substantially similar to each other based on at least
one of the first, second, and third comparison results, wherein each of the set of input bits, the first set of output bits,
and the second set of output bits has fewer bits than each of the first set of machine data bits, the second set of machine
data bits, the first set of machine result bits, and the second set of machine result bits.

US Pat. No. 9,596,073

PICOSECOND CLOCK SYNCHRONIZATION TECHNIQUE FOR COMMUNICATION AND NAVIGATION PLATFORM EQUIPMENT

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A system for synchronizing at least one sensor, comprising:
at least one first sensor configured to generate at least one first timing element including one or more of a) a first clock
signal having a first frequency and b) a first time mark signal;

at least one second sensor configured to generate at least one second timing element including one or more of a) a second
clock signal having a second frequency and b) a second time mark signal; and

at least one estimator communicatively coupled to one or more of the at least one first sensor and the at least one second
sensor, the at least one estimator configured to determine at least one estimator output associated with the at least one
first sensor and the at least one second sensor, the at least one estimator output including one or more of: a time difference
between the first time mark signal and the second time mark signal; a frequency difference between the first frequency and
the second frequency; and a phase difference of the second frequency relative to the first frequency; the at least one estimator
including

at least one sampler configured to determine at least one state of the second clock signal based on a phase of the first clock
signal;

at least one oscillator configured to predict at least one state of the second clock signal based on the first clock signal
and one or more of the frequency difference and the phase difference;

at least one state compare circuit configured to determine at least one error by comparing the at least one determined state
and the at least one predicted state; and

at least one control filter configured to a) generate the at least one frequency difference based on the at least one error,
b) generate the at least one phase difference based on the at least one error, and c) send one or more of the at least one
frequency difference and the at least one phase difference to the oscillator.

US Pat. No. 9,513,130

VARIABLE ENVIRONMENT HIGH INTEGRITY REGISTRATION TRANSFORMATION SYSTEM AND RELATED METHOD

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A system for iterative closest point registration to accurately determine a position of a vehicle in a substantially featureless
environment, comprising:
a memory onboard a vehicle, the memory configured at least for storing a first set of point cloud data, a persistent estimate
and computer executable program code;

a sensor onboard the vehicle configured for sensing a second set of point cloud data;
a controller operatively coupled to the memory and the sensor, the controller configured for executing the computer readable
program code, the computer readable program code comprising instructions for causing the controller to perform and direct
the steps of:

accessing the first set of point cloud data from the memory;
receiving the second set of point cloud data from the sensor;
determining a first transformation estimate via registration of the second set of point cloud data to the first set of point
cloud data;

determining a confidence level associated with the first transformation estimate based on an error propagation, the error
propagation resulting from measurement error of the sensor;

based on the confidence level associated with the first transformation estimate being below a predetermined value due to a
reduced number of features accurately sensed by the sensor, determining an appropriate number of degrees of freedom to use
to determine at least one second transformation estimate, the appropriate number being one of: six degrees of freedom and
less than six degrees of freedom;

updating the persistent estimate using the at one second transformation estimate with the appropriate number of degrees of
freedom; and

determining the position of the vehicle using the registered set of point cloud data according to the updated persistent estimate
and the at least one second transformation estimate, the position for presentation to a display or an additional processing
system of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,354,306

SINGLE ANTENNA ALTIMETER SYSTEM AND RELATED METHOD

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A system for determining a range between a single antenna and a radio-frequency reflective surface, comprising:
a single antenna array configured for:
receiving and re-transmitting a transmission signal; and
receiving and sending a reception signal;
a circulator configured for:
receiving and sending the transmission signal;
receiving and sending the reception signal; and
delaying the sending of the reception signal by a delay;
a coupler configured for receiving the transmission signal and sending the transmission signal to a mixer and to the circulator;
the mixer configured for:
receiving the transmission signal from the coupler;
receiving the reception signal from the circulator; and
mixing the transmission signal and the reception signal to create and send a low frequency return signal to a first bias tee,
the first bias tee configured for routing the transmission signal and the low frequency return signal;

a second bias tee coupled to the first bias tee configured for routing the transmission signal and the low frequency return
signal;

a frequency modulated continuous wave signal generator configured for generating the transmission signal;
a transmitter configured to transmit the transmission signal to the second bias tee;
an analog summing unit configured for summing the low frequency return signal received from the second bias tee and a processor-generated
signal to create and send a summed signal;

a digital signal processor configured for:
receiving the summed signal;
adjusting a power output to the single antenna array based on the summed signal; and
determining the range between the single antenna array and the radio frequency reflective surface based on the summed signal;
a display processor configured for converting the range to information perceptible by a human;
wherein the frequency modulated continuous wave signal generator is configured to generate and send a transmission signal
through the transmitter, the second bias tee, the first bias tee, the coupler and the circulator to the single antenna array,
the single antenna array is configured to transmit the transmission signal and receive the reception signal, the single antenna
array is further configured to send the reception signal through the coupler, the mixer, the first bias tee and the second
bias tee to the signal processor for the determining and transmission.

US Pat. No. 9,332,586

SLOT-BY-SLOT PREAMBLE ACQUISITION CONTROL TO INCREASE NETWORK CAPACITY IN MOBILE AD HOC NETWORKS

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A method for adaptive preamble control in a distributed multi-hop radio environment, comprising:
determining a size of the distributed multi-hop radio environment;
determining a density of the distributed multi-hop radio environment;
determining an improved point of adjustment based on an analysis of the size and the density of the distributed multi-hop
radio environment; and

adjusting to the improved point of adjustment, wherein adjusting to the improved point of adjustment comprises:
adjusting a preamble acquisition sensitivity of a receiver within the distributed multi-hop radio environment based at least
on a probability of acquisition of a signal at a specific range and on anticipated assigned time slots on a per-transmission
basis to improve a reuse of a spatial resource available to the distributed multi-hop radio environment.

US Pat. No. 9,322,914

AVIATION DISPLAY DEPICTION OF WEATHER THREATS

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A method for indicating a weather threat to an aircraft comprising:
determining a weather characteristic based on radar return data;
causing an image based on the weather characteristic to be displayed on an aviation display;
detecting a turbulence threat to the aircraft;
determining a first threat level associated with a threat posed to the aircraft by the weather characteristic;
determining a second threat level associated with the turbulence threat; and
causing a pattern to be overlaid on the image of the weather characteristic on a location on the aviation display corresponding
to the location of the weather characteristic in response to determining that the second threat level associated with the
turbulence threat to the aircraft is greater than the first threat level associated with the threat posed to the aircraft
by the weather characteristic.

US Pat. No. 9,321,470

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR IMPLEMENTING OBJECT COLLISION AVOIDANCE FOR VEHICLES CONSTRAINED TO A PARTICULAR PATH USING REMOTE SENSORS

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A system for avoiding an object in a vehicle path, comprising:
a plurality of object sensors placed in fixed locations along a path to which vehicle movement is constrained, each of the
object sensors being a laser scanner unit projecting a beam of laser energy across the vehicle path to a reflector on an opposite
side of the vehicle path from the laser scanner unit;

at least one remote monitoring unit for collecting information from the plurality of object sensors; and
at least one automated warning device to alert a vehicle operator regarding a presence of an object in the vehicle path,
the at least one remote monitoring unit generating a signal to activate the at least one automated warning device based on
an analysis of the collected information from at least one of the plurality of object sensors that an object breaks the beam
of laser energy projected across the vehicle path.

US Pat. No. 9,128,189

HYBRID PULSED-FMCW MULTI-MODE AIRBORNE AND ROTARY WING RADAR ESA DEVICE AND RELATED METHOD

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A hybrid pulsed and Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave (FMCW) radar antenna device, comprising:
an Electronically Scanned Array (ESA) antenna, the ESA having an aperture, the ESA further comprising:
an array of pulsed Transmit Receive Modules (TRM) within the aperture, each pulsed TRM configured for transmitting pulsed
radar signals and further configured for receiving pulsed radar signals and receiving FMCW radar signals;

at least one FMCW transmitter element configured within the aperture, the FMCW transmitter configured for transmitting FMCW
radar signals;

a diplexer configured for separating a FMCW channel from a pulsed channel; and
a switching network configured for switching each individual element between a pulsed mode and a FMCW mode;
the ESA antenna configured for simultaneous operation in a pulsed mode and a FMCW mode;
wherein a receive path is configured to carry received FMCW radar signals and received pulsed radar signals from each TRM
to a radar receiver.

US Pat. No. 9,651,817

NANOPLASMONIC OPTICAL FILTER AND DISPLAY EMPLOYING SAME

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A color display comprising:
a light source configured to emit light;
a nanoplasmonic filter section comprising a nanoplasmonic optical filter arranged to receive light from the light source,
the nanoplasmonic optical filter comprising a particle layer including nano-particles in a substrate material, wherein the
nano-particles are arranged in one or more arrays to provide a nanoplasmonic reflection or transmission of the light in selected
wavelength bands, the nanoplasmonic filter section comprising pixels, each of the pixels comprising a red subpixel, a blue
subpixel, and a green subpixel arranged with respect to each other in a horizontal plane, each of the subpixels comprising
some of the nano-particles, nanoplasmonic material of the red subpixel reflecting red light and transmitting blue and green
light, nanoplasmonic material of the green subpixel reflecting green light and transmitting blue and red light, and nanoplasmonic
material of the blue subpixel reflecting blue light and transmitting red and green light;

pixel addressing electronics configured to address the pixels within the nanoplasmonic filter section; and
display optics arranged to display a color image based on addressed pixels by the pixel addressing electronics and the nanoplasmonic
reflection or transmission of the light in selected wavelength bands.

US Pat. No. 9,507,022

WEATHER RADAR SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ESTIMATING VERTICALLY INTEGRATED LIQUID CONTENT

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. An aircraft hazard warning system, comprising:
a processing system configured to determine a vertically integrated liquid (VIL) parameter, the processing system configured
to receive radar reflectivity data associated with an aircraft radar antenna, the processing system configured to determine
the VIL parameter by determining a first reflectivity value at a first altitude and a second reflectivity value at a second
altitude in response to the radar reflectivity data, the processing system configured to determine the VIL parameter using
a base storm altitude and a top storm altitude, wherein the VIL parameter is calculated using values for the first altitude
and second altitude.

US Pat. No. 9,500,483

SURROGATE NAVIGATION RECEIVER FOR TRANSFERRING CAPABILITIES TO A HOST NAVIGATION RECEIVER AND RELATED METHOD

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A surrogate positioning system for transferring a positioning solution to a host positioning system, comprising:
a navigation receiver configured for:
receiving radio frequency positioning signals;
converting the received radio frequency positioning signals to digital positioning signals;
applying signal processing to improve properties of the digital positioning signals;
acquiring and tracking the received digital positioning signals;
applying signal processing to improve the acquired and tracked digital positioning signals;
determining a surrogate positioning solution based on the received digital positioning signals, the surrogate positioning
solution further based on properties of the received positioning signal and associated signal processing;

configuring the surrogate positioning solution for output;
a radio frequency signal generator configured for;
receiving the surrogate positioning solution from the navigation receiver;
determining output positioning signal parameters based on the received surrogate positioning solution and parameters of the
host positioning system, the determining including a transfer of properties of the surrogate positioning system to the host
positioning system;

generating an output baseband positioning signal based on the received surrogate positioning solution and the output positioning
signal parameters, the output baseband positioning signal including the properties of the surrogate positioning system and
configured for transmission to the host positioning system via an existing infrastructure, the output baseband positioning
signal further configured for reception by the host receiver, the output baseband positioning signal providing a capability
for the host receiver to calculate a host positioning solution with the properties of the surrogate positioning system;

upconverting the output baseband positioning signal to a radio frequency positioning signal, the radio frequency positioning
signal based on the existing infrastructure; and

communicating the radio frequency positioning signal via the existing infrastructure to at least one host receiver.

US Pat. No. 9,441,985

FUTURE SCENE GENERATING SYSTEM, DEVICE, AND METHOD FOR A REMOTELY-OPERATED VEHICLE

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A system for generating a future scene of a remotely-operated vehicle (“ROV”), such system comprising:
an ROV configured to
generate remote navigation data representative of latitude, longitude, altitude, pitch, roll, and heading of the ROV, and
transmit the remote navigation data represented in a remote navigation signal;
at least one source of engine control and steering control (“ECSC”) data other than the ROV;
a datalink configured to receive the remote navigation signal and transmit ECSC data from the at least one source ECSC data
to the ROV;

an immediately-accessible source of object data communicatively independent from the datalink;
a future scene generator configured to
receive the remote navigation data,
receive ECSC data representative of engine and steering commands that, in response to receiving engine and steering commands
input, has been generated and transmitted to the ROV via the datalink, where

the ECSC data is comprised of engine control data of at least one engine and flight controls data,
predict future navigation data as a function of
the remote navigation data,
the ECSC data, and
a time delay based upon at least a previous time at which the remote navigation data is transmitted from the ROV, where
the future navigation data is represented of future latitude, future longitude, future altitude, future pitch, future roll,
and future heading,

retrieve object data based upon the predicted future navigation data,
generate an image data set based upon the predicted future navigation data and the object data, where
the image data set is representative of an image of a three-dimensional perspective of a future scene located outside the
ROV, where

the three-dimensional perspective is indicative of at least future ROV pitch and roll orientations represented in the predicted
future navigation data, and

provide the image data set to a display unit; and
the display unit configured to
receive the image data set, and
present the image represented in the image data set, whereby
the future scene outside the ROV is observed in current time.

US Pat. No. 9,389,665

POWER WARNING MONITOR SYSTEM AND METHOD

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A system for mission critical processor power event recovery, comprising:
a mission critical processor configured for controlling a mission critical display, the mission critical processor including
at least one core processor powered by a mission critical processor power supply;

a first memory source coupled with the mission critical processor and storing non-transitory processor readable program code
to cause the mission critical processor to execute a normal operation of the mission critical display;

a power warning monitor coupled with the mission critical processor and with the first memory source, and configured for receiving
an indication of a power anomaly in the mission critical processor power supply;

a capacitive power source coupled with the mission critical processor power supply, the capacitive power source configured
for powering the mission critical processor and the power warning monitor during the power anomaly;

at least one second memory source coupled with the power warning monitor and storing non-transitory processor readable program
code to cause the power warning monitor to execute a power event operation and recovery of the mission critical processor
during the power anomaly, the at least one second memory source separate from the first memory source;

the power warning monitor further configured for:
accessing the non-transitory processor readable program code from the first memory source and the at least one second memory
source;

receiving the indication of the power anomaly;
notifying a user of the mission critical display of the power anomaly;
saving to the at least one second memory source an execution context of at least one thread associated with the at least one
core processor;

redirecting the at least one thread to receive commands from the at least one second memory source;
commanding the at least one thread to enter a power warning loop to preserve a status of the at least one thread;
forcing the first memory source to execute a self-refresh;
monitoring 1) the mission critical processor power supply for an end to the power anomaly and 2) a level of the capacitive
power source;

sensing an indication of the end to the power anomaly;
when the monitoring reveals the end to the power anomaly:
forcing the first memory source to cease the self-refresh;
redirecting the at least one thread to receive commands from the first memory source;
restoring the at least one thread with the saved execution context; and
restoring the mission critical display with information processed by the at least one thread.

US Pat. No. 9,135,827

SYSTEM, APPARATUS, AND METHOD FOR GENERATING AIRPORT SURFACE INCURSION ALERTS

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

13. A method for generating at least one incursion alert, such method comprising:
receiving navigation data representative of at least ownship position from a navigation data source;
retrieving airport surface data from an airport surface data source based upon the navigation data, where
the airport surface data retrieved is data representative of at least one set of reference points, where
each set of reference points is comprised of two fixed reference points corresponding to one airport surface;
constructing one straight reference line for each set of reference points, where
each set of reference points is employed for the construction of the one straight reference line;
constructing a ground track line based upon the navigation data, such that
the ground track line intersects with at least one straight reference line in front of ownship converging on the ground track
line;

determining at least one alert distance between ownship and one alert point along the ground track line for each straight
reference line converging on and intersecting with the ground track line, where

each alert point is formed at the intersection of one converging, straight reference line and the ground track line, and
each alert distance for each straight reference line is determined as a function of
the shortest distance between ownship and the straight reference line, and
a trigonometric function of an angle formed between the ground track line and the straight reference line; and
generating surface alert data if the alert time to one alert point is less than or equal to at least one alert threshold time,
where

the alert time is based upon one alert distance and the navigation data.

US Pat. No. 9,092,888

VOLUME RENDERING A GRAPHICAL 3D SCENE CONTAINING A 3D VOLUMETRIC OBJECT AND ATMOSPHERIC EFFECTS

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A computerized method of rendering a graphical image containing a volumetric object on an electronic display, the method
comprising:
defining, at a processing circuit, the volumetric object as a volume, wherein the volume comprises a plurality of polygons;
rendering the volume for a first plurality of pixels of the electronic display, wherein the volume is described by volume
characteristics and the first plurality of pixels corresponds to a spatial extent of the volume; and

rendering a graphical image for a second plurality of pixels of the electronic display, wherein the graphical image is described
by global characteristics, and

wherein the second plurality of pixels corresponds to a spatial extent of the visual scene of the graphical image, and
wherein when a view ray for at least one of the second plurality of pixels intersects at least one of the first plurality
of pixels, the global characteristics and a proportion of the volume characteristics are combined when rendering the graphical
image, the proportion defined by an extent of the intersection of the view ray.

US Pat. No. 9,496,296

OPTICALLY-TUNED ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. An electronic assembly, comprising:
a first conductor;
a second conductor;
a plurality of photosensitive semiconductive layers disposed between the first conductor and the second conductor, the plurality
of photosensitive semiconductive layers including at least a first layer having a first bandgap and a second layer having
a second bandgap that is different from the first bandgap, the first layer being sensitive to wavelengths of illumination
shorter than or substantially equal to a first activation wavelength defined by the first bandgap, and the second layer being
sensitive to wavelengths of illumination shorter than or substantially equal to a second activation wavelength defined by
the second bandgap; and

an illumination source configured to illuminate at least a portion of at least one of the first layer and the second layer
with illumination having a wavelength shorter than or substantially equal to the first activation wavelength or illumination
having a wavelength shorter than or substantially equal to the second activation wavelength, the illumination source including:

a first illumination source configured to provide the illumination having the wavelength shorter than or substantially equal
to the first activation wavelength; and

a second illumination source configured to provide the illumination having the wavelength shorter than or substantially equal
to the second activation wavelength.

US Pat. No. 9,178,547

MITIGATING INTERMODULATION DISTORTION IN A RECEIVER

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A method of mitigating intermodulation distortion in a receiver comprising:
receiving, at processing electronics, a radio frequency signal;
rectifying, by the processing electronics, the received signal to form an envelope signal and distortion components;
isolating, by the processing electronics, the distortion components attributable to intermodulation distortion; and
using the isolated distortion components to reduce the gain of the received signal.