US Pat. No. 9,067,412

PRINTING APPARATUS AND METHOD OF CORRECTING STEP SHIFT THEREOF

SCREEN Holdings Co., Ltd....

1. A printing apparatus configured to perform printing to a print medium, the printing apparatus comprising:
a printer having at least two line heads spaced away in a transportation direction of the print medium, the line heads each
having a plurality of recording modules with a train of recording devices arranged linearly in a width direction of the print
medium;

a scanner configured to scan an image printed with the printer to obtain a scanned image;
a correcting-chart printing unit configured to cause a first line head of the printer to print a first correcting chart in
a first line head printing area, and cause a second line head to print a second correcting chart in a second line head printing
area, away from the first line head printing area in the transportation direction, said recording modules being arranged in
a width direction of the print medium so that line figures printed by the recording modules of the first line head, and line
figures printed by the recording modules of the second line head, that are printed at the same position in the transportation
direction, do not overlap each other;

a scanned image collecting unit configured to operate the scanner to read the first line head printing area and the second
line head printing area to collect a first scanned image and a second scanned image, respectively;

a correction-data calculating device configured to calculate correction data, the correction-data calculating device regarding
a line figure in the first scanned image formed with one of the plurality of recording modules as a reference line figure,
and determining a difference in the transportation direction between the reference line figure and a line figure formed with
the other recording module as a reference head difference, determining a difference in the transportation direction between
a first line figure and a second line figure of the second scanned image as an individual head difference, the first line
figure being formed with the first line head and the second line figure being formed with the second line head, and summing
up the reference head difference and the individual head difference to obtain a total for every recording module, the reference
head difference being regarded as the correction data in the transportation direction for every recording module in the first
line head, and the total being regarded as the correction data for every recording module in the second line head; and

an adjusting device configured to adjust a timing in accordance with the correction data upon printing with the printer.

US Pat. No. 9,083,911

NOZZLE SHADING METHOD, AND AN INKJET PRINTING APPARATUS USING SAME

SCREEN HOLDINGS CO., LTD....

1. A nozzle shading method applicable to nozzles of an inkjet printing apparatus, comprising:
a reading step for repeatedly reading charts for shading correction with a contact image sensor (CIS) type scanner with a
plurality of read conditions consisting of varied exposure amounts, while emitting light from light emitters, thereby to obtain
a plurality of image data with different read conditions;

a density value converting step for converting luminance values of the plurality of image data read with the plurality of
read conditions consisting of the varied exposure amounts into density values, respectively, based on a luminance value to
density value conversion table corresponding to each of the plurality of read conditions consisting of the varied exposure
amounts;

a correction table creating step for creating nozzle shading correction tables corresponding to all input tone values, based
on target density values for correction which are the plurality of density values converted and combined with density values
having a region where detection of the density values is saturated; and

a shading correcting step for carrying out shading correction based on the correction tables.

US Pat. No. 9,281,438

PROCESS FOR PRODUCING GROUP III ELEMENT NITRIDE CRYSTAL AND APPARATUS FOR PRODUCING GROUP III ELEMENT NITRIDE CRYSTAL

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A process for producing a group III element nitride single crystal wherein:
(a) a template, a group III element material and one of an alkali metal and an alkali earth metal are placed in a crucible,
and a raw material gas is fed into the crucible;

(b) by heating an interior of the crucible, the group III element material and one of the alkali metal and the alkali earth
metal are liquefied to produce a raw material liquid, and the template is immersed in the raw material liquid;

(c) the raw material liquid and the raw material gas are reacted with each other to grow a group III element nitride single
crystal on the template in the raw material liquid;

(d) the raw material liquid remaining after completion of the growth of the single crystal, other than liquid that adheres
to the template through surface tension, is sucked and removed, and the remaining raw material liquid is cooled and solidified
to be a solidified raw material;

(e) by feeding a hydroxyl group-containing solution into the crucible containing the solidified raw material after the raw
material liquid is sucked and removed in (d), the solidified raw material is removed from around the template, and thus the
group III element nitride single crystals taken out from inside the solidified raw material;

(f) said process comprises disposing the template at a position away from a bottom of the crucible; and
(g) the raw material liquid is sucked and removed in (d) so that a height of at least one portion of a surface of the remaining
raw material liquid becomes lower than a height of the position at which the template is placed for growing the group III
element nitride single crystal.

US Pat. No. 9,170,544

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An image forming apparatus for forming an image on each of recording media, the image forming apparatus comprising:
an optical sensor to irradiate each of the recording media with light to detect smoothness of each of the recording media
according to a strength of specularly reflected light of the light with which each of the recording media is irradiated; and

a processor to compare a smoothness of one of the recording media and an average in smoothness of a remaining of the recording
media detected before the smoothness of the one of the recording media is detected, and to determine whether a normal image
can be formed on the one of the recording media based on the comparison.

US Pat. No. 9,164,713

SYSTEM INCLUDING OPERATION DEVICE AND INFORMATION STORING APPARATUS, METHOD PERFORMED BY THE SYSTEM, AND THE INFORMATION STORING APPARATUS

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A system including an operation device and an information storing apparatus including one or more storage areas, which
are connected via a network, wherein
the operation device includes
an obtaining unit configured to obtain information of the one or more storage areas from the information storing apparatus;
a display unit configured to display the one or more storage areas based on the information of the one or more storage areas
obtained from the information storing apparatus;

a receiving unit configured to receive a selection of one storage area from the one or more storage areas displayed on the
display unit;

a determining unit configured to determine, based on information input from the outside of the operation device in response
to an operation performed on the operation device, an electronic device among a plurality of electronic devices connected
to the system, the electronic device to be determined being caused to input electronic data to the one storage area of which
selection has been received by the receiving unit, the one storage area being included in the information storing apparatus,
and

a first sending unit configured to send, to the information storing apparatus, a first request to cause the determined electronic
device to input the electronic data to the information storing apparatus, and,

the information storing apparatus includes
a second sending unit configured to send, to the determined electronic device, a second request to cause the determined electronic
device to input the electronic data to the one storage area included in the information storing apparatus, based on the first
request sent from the first sending unit of the operation device, and

a storing unit configured to store the electronic data in the one storage area of the information storing apparatus, the electronic
data having been sent from the determined electronic device based on the second request sent by the second sending unit.

US Pat. No. 9,170,523

OPTICAL SCANNING APPARATUS, METHOD FOR PERFORMING THE SAME AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

RICOH COMPANY, LIMITED, ...

1. An optical scanning apparatus for optically scanning at least one scanning target surface, the optical scanning apparatus
comprising:
a light source;
a light-flux dividing unit disposed on a main optical path of a main light flux emitted from the light source, and the light-flux
dividing unit configured to spatially divide the main light flux;

an optical deflector disposed on a divided optical path of the divided light flux, and the optical deflector configured to
deflect the divided optical path;

an optical path opening/closing switch unit disposed on the divided optical path between the light-flux dividing unit and
the optical deflector, and the optical path opening/closing switch unit configured to block a portion of the divided optical
path, the portion of the divided optical path associated with a polarization of the divided light flux, the optical path opening/closing
switch unit including,

a shielding member configured to interrupt the portion of the divided optical path,
a rotary unit configured to move the shielding member in a first direction to interrupt the divided optical path, and
a drive unit configured to rotate the rotary unit in a second direction to interrupt the divided optical path, the first direction
and the second direction being different, the drive unit includes an arm connected to the rotary unit by a pin; and

a controller configured to control operation of interrupting or passing the portion of the divided optical path by the optical
path opening/closing switch unit.

US Pat. No. 9,167,107

IMAGE PROCESSING APPARATUS, IMAGE PROCESSING METHOD, AND IMAGE PROCESSING PROGRAM

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. An apparatus connectable to external apparatuses, comprising:
a scanner device configured to read a document and create image data based on the document;
a memory configured to store a plurality of the image data accessible by any of the external apparatuses, each of the plurality
of the image data having been created from the document and having an image format;

a printing device configured to print the plurality of the image data; and
a processor configured to:
receive, from one external apparatus among the external apparatuses, a request for selecting at least one image data among
the plurality of the image data which are created by the scanner device and stored in the memory, and for indicating a desired
image format;

generate converted image data by converting the image format of the selected at least one image data to the desired image
format according to the received request; and

send the converted image data to the external apparatus which sent the request.

US Pat. No. 9,229,305

IMAGE PROJECTION APPARATUS, CONTROL METHOD, AND COMPUTER-READABLE STORAGE MEDIUM

RICOH COMPANY, LIMITED, ...

1. An image projection apparatus comprising:
a light source including a light-emitting material to emit light by an electric discharge between a pair of electrodes;
an image generator to form an image by modulating intensity of the light emitted from the light source;
a receiver to receive a power-off input that triggers stopping power supply to the image projection apparatus; and
an electric-power controller to increase electric power supplied to the electrodes before stopping power supply to the image
projection apparatus when the receiver receives the power-off input.

US Pat. No. 9,222,199

CRYSTAL MANUFACTURING APPARATUS

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A crystal manufacturing method, comprising:
holding a mixed molten liquid that includes an alkali metal and a group III metal in a crucible;
accommodating the crucible in a reaction vessel, and providing the reaction vessel with a lid for sealing the reaction vessel;
using the lid to seal the reaction vessel, and supplying nitrogen gas into the reaction vessel, such that the nitrogen gas
is supplied to the mixed molten liquid while the crucible and the nitrogen gas are sealed within the reaction vessel;

positioning a heating device at a predetermined location relative to the reaction vessel and heating the crucible through
the reaction vessel; and

accommodating the reaction vessel in a sealed vessel, and supplying source materials into the crucible, and taking out a manufactured
group III nitride crystal from the crucible, wherein the supplying the source materials and the taking out the manufactured
group III nitride crystal are performed in the sealed vessel without exposing the crucible in the sealed vessel to outside
air.

US Pat. No. 9,174,459

IMAGING SYSTEM, WRITING HEAD, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An imaging system, comprising:
a plurality of incidence faces composed of a plurality of optical faces through which light enters and having an image focusing
function;

a plurality of prisms; and
a plurality of exit faces,
wherein the plurality of incidence faces is arranged with a first pitch along a first axial direction, the plurality of prisms
is arranged with a second pitch along the first axial direction, the plurality of the exit faces is arranged with a third
pitch along the first axial direction,

wherein the first axial direction is set as a Y direction,
wherein a normal line direction of a face top of an optical face of the incidence face in a plane perpendicular to the first
axial direction is set as a X direction,

wherein a direction perpendicular to the Y direction and the X direction is set as a Z direction, and
wherein in a XZ cross-section plane, a width of the prism in the Z direction is smaller than a width of the optical face of
the incidence face in the Z direction.

US Pat. No. 9,164,774

DRIVER CONTROLLING DEVICE, AND COMPUTER-READABLE RECORDING MEDIUM STORING DRIVER CONTROLLING PROGRAM

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. An information processing apparatus comprising:
a processor;
a supporting function storing unit which stores information of supportable functions of a driver in a function table;
a function obtaining unit which obtains information of one or more functions of a new driver to be used described in model
dependent data of the new driver;

a determining unit which determines whether the information of the one or more functions of the new driver obtained by the
function obtaining unit has been stored in the function table;

an un-supporting function storage unit configured to store information of a function that is determined not to be stored in
the support function storing unit by the determining unit; and

a display unit configured to display a message, which indicates that there is an un-supporting function in the un-supporting
function storage unit, and a button, which is to display a list of un-supporting functions, and further display functions
stored in the un-supporting function storage unit as the list of the un-supporting functions when the button is operated.

US Pat. No. 9,163,160

AQUEOUS INK FOR INKJET, INK CARTRIDGE, AND INKJET RECORDING DEVICE

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. Aqueous ink for inkjet recording comprising:
water;
a hydrosoluble organic solvent;
a pigment; and
a resin,
wherein the hydrosoluble organic solvent comprises 2,3-butane diol having meso-2,3-butane diol in an amount of 50% by weight
or more in 2,3-butane diol,

wherein 2,3-butane diol accounts for 5% by weight to 40% by weight of an entire of the aqueous ink.

US Pat. No. 9,148,657

CALIBRATION DEVICE, RANGE-FINDING SYSTEM INCLUDING THE CALIBRATION DEVICE AND STEREO CAMERA, AND VEHICLE MOUNTING THE RANGE-FINDING SYSTEM

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A calibration device for calibrating ranges obtained by a range-finding system connected to a reference imaging device,
a comparison imaging device, and a parallax calculator, the reference imaging device being configured to capture at least
two reference images at two locations, the comparison imaging device being configured to capture at least two comparison images
at the two locations, the calibration device comprising:
an image acquisition unit configured to receive the at least two reference images and multiple items of parallax data from
the parallax calculator, the items of parallax data being calculated based on multiple feature points in the at least two
reference images and multiple corresponding points in the at least two comparison images correlated to the feature points
in the at least two reference images;

a feature point search unit configured to, for each of the reference-feature points between the at least two reference images,
search for multiple reference-feature points common to the at least two reference images;

a coordinate converter configured to convert coordinates of the items of parallax data to generate converted parallax data
based on the multiple feature points and the multiple corresponding points, wherein the coordinate converter includes one
of a difference calculator and a ratio calculator, the difference calculator being configured to calculate a difference between
inverses of pairs of the items of parallax data and generate the converted parallax data based on the calculated difference,
the ratio calculator being configured to calculate a ratio between pairs of the items of parallax data and generate the converted
parallax data based on the calculated ratio; and

a correction value calculator configured to calculate a correction value to correct the range measured by the range finding
system, based on the converted parallax data from the coordinate converter.

US Pat. No. 9,440,461

PRINTING APPARATUS

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A printing apparatus performing printing to a print medium transported from a supplying section to a discharge section,
the printing apparatus comprising:
a printing apparatus body selectively composed of a plurality of transportation units, the transportation units having a transport
path with given slopes in side view of a transportation direction from the supplying section to the discharge section,

upon connection of the transportation units, a connection part between two of the transportation units containing a slope
change portion of the transport path,

when it is assumed that one of the plurality of transportation units adjacent to the supplying section is a first transportation
unit, the first transportation unit includes a slope that inclines upward from a side adjacent to the supplying section to
a side adjacent to the discharge section in side view of the transport path,

when it is assumed that one of the plurality of transportation units adjacent to the discharge section is a second transportation
unit, the second transportation unit includes a slope that inclines downward from the side adjacent to the supplying section
to the side adjacent to discharge section in side view of the transport path,

when it is assumed that one of the plurality of transportation units between the first transportation unit and the second
transportation unit is a third transportation unit, the third transportation unit includes an inclination changing device
to connect the first transportation unit and the second transportation unit which respectively have differently inclined slopes
from each other,

when the third transportation unit is connected between the first transportation unit and the second transportation unit,
a connection part between the third transportation unit and one of the transportation units connected to the third transportation
unit is the inclination change portion point and a vertex of the transport path, and

the inclination changing device allows change of inclination of the transport path from the supplying section to the discharge
section upward or downward in side view of the transportation direction from the supply section to the discharge section,

the inclination changing device includes:
a roller holding frame holding a plurality of transport rollers;
a pivot frame swinging the roller holding frame rightward and leftward when the transport path is seen in side view; and
a swing holding frame fixing the roller holding frame swung by the pivot frame at a given swinging attitude.

US Pat. No. 9,108,437

PRINTING APPARATUS, TREATMENT OBJECT MODIFYING APPARATUS, PRINTING SYSTEM, AND PRINTED MATERIAL MANUFACTURING METHOD

RICOH COMPANY, LIMITED, ...

1. A printing apparatus comprising:
a plasma treatment unit that performs plasma treatment on a surface of a treatment object to acidify at least the surface
of the treatment object;

a recording unit that performs an inkjet recording process on the surface of the treatment object subjected to the plasma
treatment by the plasma treatment unit; and

a control unit that adjusts plasma energy for the plasma treatment according to a type of an ink used in the inkjet recording
process.

US Pat. No. 9,426,775

COMMUNICATION TERMINAL, COMMUNICATION METHOD, AND RECORDING MEDIUM STORING COMMUNICATION TERMINAL CONTROL PROGRAM

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A communication terminal communicable with at least one transmission device of a transmission system, the communication
terminal comprising:
a detector that detects a change in an acceleration of the communication terminal when movement of the communication terminal
starts or stops, the movement of the communication terminal including an inclination of the communication terminal; and

a first communication circuit that
receives location data indicating a location at which the at least one transmission device is located, and
transmits, to the at least one transmission device, the location data and identification information of the communication
terminal, wherein

when the detector detects a stop of the movement of the communication terminal, the first communication circuit is activated
so as to start receiving the location data, and

operation of the detector and the first communication circuit is stopped after the first communication circuit transmits the
location data and the identification information.

US Pat. No. 9,415,589

PRINTING APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR COLOR-CORRECTING PRINTING ON RECORDING MEDIUM

SCREEN Holdings Co., Ltd....

1. A printing apparatus with a printing unit performing printing onto a recording medium to be transported, the apparatus
comprising:
a transporting unit transporting the recording medium;
a transportation velocity detector detecting a transportation velocity of the recording medium;
a timing reference signal generator generating a timing reference signal of the printing by the printing unit in accordance
with transportation of the recording medium;

a printing correction data generator generating printing correction data in accordance with the transportation velocity and
the timing reference signal so as to correspond to a time-dependent variation of the timing reference signal generator; and

a printing corrector correcting the printing of the printing unit to the recording medium in accordance with the printing
correction data,

the timing reference signal generator comprising:
a roller contacting to the recording medium; and
an encoder connected to the roller, wherein
the timing reference signal is a detection signal of the encoder,
the time-dependent variation of the timing reference signal generator corresponds to a variation in perimeter of the roller
to which the encoder is connected, and

the printing correction data generator obtains the variation in perimeter of the roller to which the encoder is connected
in accordance with the transportation velocity and the timing reference signal, and generates the printing correction data
in accordance with the variation in perimeter of the roller to which the encoder is connected.

US Pat. No. 9,201,211

IMAGING DEVICE AND IMAGING METHOD FOR AUTOFOCUSING

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. An imaging device, comprising:
an imaging lens which obtains an optical image of a subject;
an imaging element which receives from a subject light passing through the imaging lens;
a focus position determination unit which determines a focus position of the imaging lens according to image data obtained
from the imaging element; and

a lens movement unit which moves the imaging lens;
the focus position determination unit sets a predetermined operation start position which starts a focus detection operation,
the focus position determination unit including an AF operation start position determination unit configured to calculate
an AF evaluation value according to the image data, and determine an AF operation start position according to the AF evaluation
value when the lens movement unit drives the imaging lens to the predetermined operation start position, and

the focus position determination unit is configured to detect a peak or monotonic decrease of the AF evaluation value, and
the AF operation start position when the peak is detected differs from the AF operation start position when the monotonic
decrease is detected.

US Pat. No. 9,232,182

APPARATUS, SYSTEM, AND METHOD OF MANAGING DATA TRANSMISSION, AND RECORDING MEDIUM STORING TRANSMISSION MANAGEMENT PROGRAM

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A transmission management apparatus, comprising:
a first memory configured to store terminal identification information for identifying a transmission terminal that is currently
participating in a session based on a reservation;

processing circuitry configured to generate reservation communication information based on the terminal identification information,
the reservation communication information at least indicating whether a counterpart transmission terminal that is scheduled
to participate in the session based on the reservation is currently participating in the session based on the reservation;
and

a transmitter configured to transmit the reservation communication information to a request transmission terminal that requests
to start communication with the counterpart transmission terminal based on the reservation,

wherein the processing circuitry is further configured to obtain first reservation identification information of the counterpart
transmission terminal and second reservation identification information of the request transmission terminal, and generate
the reservation communication information by comparing the first and second reservation identification information.

US Pat. No. 9,125,238

WIRELESS COMMUNICATION DEVICE, WIRELESS COMMUNICATION METHOD

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A first wireless communication device of a plurality of wireless communication devices constituting a wireless network,
the wireless network is for performing communications between the plurality of wireless communication devices in the wireless
network, the first wireless communication device having a base station index based on which the first wireless communication
device functions as a base station of the wireless network, the base station index expressing a degree to which a wireless
communication device of the plurality of wireless communication devices functions as the base station, the first wireless
communication device comprising:
a base station transfer unit configured to perform a transfer process of transferring a function of the base station of the
wireless network from the first wireless communication device functioning as the base station of the wireless network already
formed to a second wireless communication device that is newly joining the wireless network, and the base station transfer
unit is configured to perform the transfer process when a base station index of the second wireless communication device is
higher than the base station index of the first wireless communication device;

a transfer flag transmitting/receiving unit configured to,
transmit a flag expressing whether the function of the base station can be transferred when the first wireless communication
device is functioning as the base station of the wireless network already formed, and a list of IP address of a third wireless
communication device of the plurality of wireless communication devices, and

receive the flag and the list of IP addresses of the third wireless communication device when the third wireless communication
device is newly joining the wireless network; and

a transfer determining unit configured to determine whether to transfer the function of the base station based on contents
of the flag and the list of IP addresses of the third wireless communication device, and

the base station transfer unit is configured to perform the transfer process based on whether the transfer determining unit
determines to transfer the function of the base station.

US Pat. No. 9,111,008

DOCUMENT INFORMATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A search support system that is connectable to a user terminal through a network and supports a search when the user terminal
causes a search engine to search a large indefinite number of documents on the network, the search support system comprising:
a processing circuit configured to prepare a dummy button in which designation information designating a particular search
engine and a search key to be used in the particular search engine are set, so that the search key is transmitted to the particular
search engine, and the particular search engine is caused to perform a search, and to add the prepared dummy button to a predetermined
document prior to performing the search using the search key;

a memory to store therein the document to which the dummy button is added; and
a transmitter to transmit the document to the user terminal by retrieving the document from the memory in response to a transmission
request from the user terminal.

US Pat. No. 9,272,539

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS USING A PRE-PROCESSING LIQUID AND A POST-PROCESSING LIQUID, AND AN IMAGE FORMING METHOD USING A PRE-PROCESSING LIQUID AND A POST-PROCESSING LIQUID

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:
an image forming unit configured to eject droplets from the image forming apparatus, and to form an image on a surface of
a printing medium;

a pre-processing unit configured to apply a pre-processing liquid to the surface of the printing medium before the image is
formed by the image forming unit; and

a post-processing unit configured to apply a post-processing liquid different from the pre-processing liquid to the surface
of the printing medium after the image is formed by the image forming unit,

wherein the pre-processing unit applies an amount of the pre-processing liquid which is determined based on a type of the
printing medium and the post-processing unit applies an amount of the post-processing liquid which is determined based on
the type of the printing medium,

wherein the application amount of the post-processing liquid is reduced when the application amount of the pre-processing
liquid is reduced, and

wherein the application amount of the post-processing liquid is raised when the application amount of the pre-processing liquid
is raised.

US Pat. No. 9,225,860

INFORMATION PROCESSING APPARATUS, INFORMATION PROCESSING SYSTEM, DISPLAY CONTROL METHOD, AND DISPLAY CONTROL PROGRAM

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

8. A method of controlling a display of information regarding an information apparatus through an information processing apparatus,
the method comprising:
receiving a user input that instructs a specific operation to be performed on the information apparatus;
transmitting information regarding the specific operation instructed by the user input to the information apparatus via a
network;

predicting an execution result of the specific operation to be performed on the information apparatus in response to the user
input of the specific operation to generate a predicted execution result;

displaying information reflecting the predicted execution result in response to the user input of the specific operation,
prior to receiving a response including the execution result of the specific operation that is performed on the information
apparatus from the information apparatus via the network;

storing a prediction model, which associates a current status of the information apparatus with a predicted status of the
information apparatus after performing the specific operation;

displaying additional information based on attribute data, together with the information reflecting the predicted execution
result;

storing a match probability indicating a probability in which the predicted execution result matches the execution result
based on previously-performed predictions, in association with a corresponding specific operation that has been performed
on the information apparatus; and

displaying additional information regarding the match probability associated with the specific operation to be performed,
wherein

the predicted execution result is obtained using the prediction model, and
the prediction model further associates the attribute data regarding the predicted status.

US Pat. No. 9,217,091

INKJET RECORDING INK AND INK CARTRIDGE USING THE INK, INKJET RECORDING APPARATUS, INKJET RECORDING METHOD AND INK RECORDED MATTER

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. An inkjet recording ink comprising:
water;
a water-soluble solvent;
a pigment; and
a phosphate group-containing copolymer, comprising a structural unit represented by general formula (1) and a structural unit
represented by structural formula (I), wherein general formula (1) is:


wherein, R1 represents either a hydrogen atom or a methyl group; and M+ represents any of an alkali metal ion, an organic ammonium ion, an organic amine ion or a hydrogen ion, wherein half or more
of the M+ in the phosphate group-containing copolymer is an alkali metal ion, an organic ammonium ion or an organic amine, and the
remainder is a hydrogen ion

and wherein structural formula (1) is:

US Pat. No. 9,170,516

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND IMAGE FORMING METHOD

RICOH COMPANY, LIMITED, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:
an image former that forms a pattern for positional deviation correction on an image carrier;
a detector that detects the pattern for positional deviation correction;
a controller that controls a positional deviation correction process in accordance with a result of detection of the detector;
a receiver that receives a color mode selected from among a plurality of color modes, each having a different number of colors
used for forming the pattern; and

circuitry configured to calculate a total pattern length so that a total length of the pattern for positional deviation correction
in a sub-scanning direction is equal in any of the color modes, wherein the image former forms the pattern for positional
deviation correction including the number of colors corresponding to the selected color mode so that the total length of the
pattern for positional deviation correction is equal to the calculated total pattern length.

US Pat. No. 9,098,049

CLEANING DEVICE, PROCESS CARTRIDGE INCORPORATING SAME, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCORPORATING SAME

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A cleaning device comprising:
a cleaning member including a brush rotary body that is disposed in contact with an image carrier provided in an image forming
apparatus and that removes toner on the image carrier and holds the toner thereon;

a toner conveying rotary body to collect and convey the toner removed by the cleaning member;
a flicker contacting the cleaning member to flick off the toner held on the cleaning member and having an opening; and
an agitator that has a free end contacting the toner conveying rotary body and vibrating due to rotation of the toner conveying
rotary body and has a trajectory being formed between the opening and the toner conveying rotary body by movement of the free
end thereof.

US Pat. No. 9,052,669

LUBRICANT APPLICATOR, IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, AND PROCESS CARTRIDGE

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A lubricant applicator, comprising:
a lubricant;
a supply member contactable against the lubricant; and
a lubricant detector comprising:
a first electrode; and
a second electrode,
the lubricant detector electrically connected to the first electrode and the second electrode to detect establishment of electrical
continuity between the first electrode and the second electrode,

one of the first electrode and the second electrode comprising a projection projecting toward the other one of the first electrode
and the second electrode.

US Pat. No. 9,288,913

WIRING BOARD AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A wiring board comprising:
a support board;
a variable wettability layer situated on a top surface of the support board and containing a material having a critical surface
tension that changes by energy given thereto; and

a conductive layer situated inside a concave portion formed in the variable wettability layer,
wherein said concave portion has opposite side walls formed in tapered surfaces inclining so that a distance between said
side walls is reduced toward a bottom of said concave portion in a cross-sectional shape taken along a plane perpendicular
to a conducting direction of said conductive layer, and upper edges of said side walls are formed in smooth curved surfaces.

US Pat. No. 9,096,950

NITRIDE CRYSTAL AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A nitride crystal which encircles an outer periphery of a seed crystal, the nitride crystal comprising:
first partial regions, and
second partial regions, each second partial region being a plane region positioned between two of the first partial regions
and having optical characteristics different from those of the first partial regions.

US Pat. No. 9,087,285

PRINTING APPARATUS AND PRINTING METHOD

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A printing apparatus for performing printing under control of a head controller which receives image data from a print
image generator, and which is interposed between the print image generator and a printing station with a print head having
a plurality of inkjet type heads juxtaposed in a primary scanning direction perpendicular to a secondary scanning direction
corresponding to a direction of movement relative to printing paper for printing, each head having a plurality of nozzles
arranged in the primary scanning direction, the head controller comprising:
an image data shaping unit for shaping the image data into print data corresponding to each of the nozzles arranged on the
plurality of heads juxtaposed on the print head;

a sequence information generating unit for generating sequence information based on the print data, the sequence information
including sheet IDs indicating pages of the printing paper, line IDs indicating line numbers of the print data in the secondary
scanning direction, head IDs indicating numbers of the heads, and nozzle IDs indicating nozzle row numbers in a direction
of arrangement of the nozzles on the print head, and showing, with the sheet IDs, the line IDs, the head IDs, and the nozzle
IDs, operation at a time of printing the print data by the print head;

a data guarantee information adding unit for adding, to the print data and the sequence information, data guarantee information
generated from the print data and the sequence information for error detection in print information;

a readout unit for reading the print information including the print data, the sequence information, and the data guarantee
information, and generated for each of the nozzles arranged on the plurality of heads; and

an information inspecting unit for inspecting propriety of the print information with the data guarantee information added
thereto, which inspection is carried out before the print information is transmitted to the printing station, by inspecting
propriety of the data guarantee information based on the data guarantee information and the sequence information read by the
readout unit, and inspecting propriety of the sequence information by comparing the sequence information with printing sequence
information as the printing progresses.

US Pat. No. 9,238,362

INKJET PRINTING APPARATUS

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. An inkjet printing apparatus for performing printing to a printing sheet through discharging ink droplets, the apparatus
comprising:
at least three inkjet heads configured to discharge the ink droplets to the printing sheet simultaneously in response to inputted
electric signals, and arranged orthogonal to a transport direction of the printing sheet;

at least three power supply circuits configured to supply drive voltage to the inkjet heads respectively; and
a change-over switch disposed between the inkjet heads and the power supply circuits and electrically connecting the power
supply circuits to the inkjet heads, respectively, and, when one of the power supply circuits breaks down, switching electrical
connection such that the drive voltage is allowed to be supplied to the inkjet heads by electrically connecting the power
supply circuits other than the breakdown power supply circuit to one of the inkjet heads corresponding to the breakdown power
supply circuit, wherein

when none of the power supply circuits breaks down, the change-over switch electrically connects the power supply circuits
and the inkjet heads in one-to-one manner, and when one of the power supply circuits breaks down, the change-over switch electrically
connects all the power supply circuits other than the breakdown power supply circuit to one of the inkjet heads corresponding
to the breakdown power supply circuit.

US Pat. No. 9,100,533

PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION ELEMENT, IMAGE READING DEVICE, IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, AND IMAGE READING METHOD

RICOH COMPANY, LIMITED, ...

1. A photoelectric conversion element comprising:
a plurality of light receiving elements that are arranged in a main-scanning direction, and that are arranged in a sub-scanning
direction according to colors of light to be received, and each of the plurality of light receiving elements accumulating
electric charge due to light exposure during a line period while being moved relative to an original document; and

a plurality of AD conversion units that convert analog signals that indicate quantities of said electric charge accumulated
in the light receiving elements into digital signals, each of the plurality of AD conversion units being are provided for
each group including a predetermined number light receiving elements out of the plurality of light receiving elements, the
predetermined number of light receiving elements being arranged at different positions in the sub-scanning direction, wherein

the predetermined number of light receiving elements of each group are exposed to light at different timings and accumulate
said electric charge, and each of the plurality of AD conversion units converts the analog signals into the digital signals
in an order in which the predetermined number of light receiving elements are exposed to light, and

the photoelectric conversion element further comprising a correction unit that reduces influence of difference in the sub-scanning
direction between positions of the original document that face the predetermined number of light receiving elements of each
group when being exposed to light, the difference being smaller than a length by which each of the plurality of light receiving
elements is moved relative to the original document during said line period.

US Pat. No. 9,059,065

METHOD OF VARYING GAIN OF AMPLIFYING PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION DEVICE AND VARIABLE GAIN PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION DEVICE

National Institute of Adv...

1. A method of varying gain of an amplifying photoelectric conversion device which includes: an amplifying photoelectric conversion
part including a photoelectric conversion element and a plurality of transistors each having a collector, a base, and an emitter;
and a plurality of first field-effect transistors each having a source, a drain, and a gate, and in which
the sources and the drains of the first field-effect transistors are connected respectively between the emitters and the bases
of the plurality of transistors,

the photoelectric conversion element is connected to the base of a transistor selected from the plurality of transistors,
the photoelectric conversion element is a device which performs photoelectric conversion of light input information being
light intensity or light wavelength into an electric variable being electric current, electric charge, or voltage,

at least one of the collectors of the plurality of transistors is a first output part,
one of the emitters of the plurality of transistors is a second output part,
the emitters of the plurality of transistors other than the second output part are connected respectively to the bases of
the other transistors further excluding the selected transistor, to the base of which the photoelectric conversion element
is connected, and

the electric variable resulting from the photoelectric conversion is an electric signal in the form of an amplified current,
charge, or voltage obtained from the first output part or the second output part,

the method comprising: the step of applying gain control potentials to the gates to vary gain of the electric signal obtained
from the first output part or the second output part.

US Pat. No. 9,248,666

DRYING APPARATUS AND PRINTING APPARATUS

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A drying apparatus for drying ink adhering to a print medium, the drying apparatus comprising:
a heater facing a transportation path where the print medium is transported;
a blowing source configured to blow air to the heater; and
a casing configured to enclose the heater, the casing comprising:
an inflow port into which the air from the blowing source flows; and
a blowing port configured to narrow and blow warm air heated with the heater to the transportation path outside the casing
in a direction along the transportation path;

an exhaust unit disposed outside the casing and configured to exhaust the warm air blown through the blowing port to the transportation
path;

a suction unit configured to supply air to the blowing source; and
a warm-air circulator configured to supply the warm air collected in the exhaust unit to the suction unit, the suction unit
comprising:

an outside-air suction port configured to suck outside air;
a warm-air suction port provided as the exhaust unit and the warm-air circulator on a path connecting the blowing source and
the outside-air suction port, and configured to suck the warm air blown to the transportation path;

a suction-blowing source provided on the path adjacent to the outside-air suction port rather than the warm-air suction port,
and configured to suck the outside air; and

a dry controller configured to change difference in quantity of air between the blowing source and the suction-blowing source,
wherein

the suction-blowing source is set to blow a smaller quantity of air than the blowing source.

US Pat. No. 9,250,579

SEPARATOR, FIXING DEVICE, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A separator for use in a fixing device including a rotary fixing member that fixes a toner image on a recording medium
and a rotary pressure member pressed against the rotary fixing member to form a fixing nip portion for nipping the recording
medium between the rotary pressure member and the rotary fixing member, the separator comprising:
a separation plate disposed downstream of the fixing nip portion in a medium feeding direction, with an edge portion of the
separation plate facing an outer circumferential surface of the rotary fixing member or the rotary pressure member; and

plate-shaped spacers disposed between portions of the edge portion of the separation plate and the outer circumferential surface
of the rotary fixing member or the rotary pressure member to surround the portions of the edge portion in a direction intersecting
with an extending direction of the edge portion, the plate-shaped spacers each comprising a flexible film.

US Pat. No. 9,215,371

IMAGING APPARATUS AND IMAGING METHOD

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. An imaging apparatus comprising:
an image sensor;
an image obtainer that obtains a plurality of images from the image sensor;
a posture detector that obtains posture information of the imaging apparatus;
a posture information accumulating buffer that accumulates plural items of posture information obtained by the posture detector;
and

a power saving mode setter that activates and deactivates a power saving mode in which power consumption is suppressed,
wherein the power saving mode setter determines to activate and deactivate the power saving mode based on a value corresponding
to the plural items of accumulated posture information in the posture information accumulating buffer, and

wherein the activation and the deactivation of the power saving mode is determined based on a difference value between a maximum
value and a minimum value of the plural items of accumulated posture information in the posture information accumulating buffer,

wherein previously accumulated posture data in the posture information accumulating buffer is deleted and new posture data
is added to the posture information accumulating buffer, when the posture information accumulating buffer is full of the previously
accumulated posture data.

US Pat. No. 9,258,180

INFORMATION PROCESSING APPARATUS AND COMPUTER-READABLE STORAGE MEDIUM

RICOH COMPANY, LIMITED, ...

1. An information processing apparatus communicable with a device via a local interface and communicable with a device management
apparatus for managing the device via a network interface, the information processing apparatus comprising:
circuitry configured to
determine whether to perform conversion of a first protocol in response to receiving a device information acquisition request
in the first protocol from the device management apparatus via the network interface,

set a second protocol into which the device information acquisition request in the first protocol is to be converted when
the circuitry determines to perform the conversion of the first protocol,

convert the first protocol for the device information acquisition request into the second protocol set by the circuitry,
generate a first device information acquisition request in the second protocol,
transmit the first device information acquisition request in the second protocol to the device via the local interface,
receive a first device information acquisition response in the second protocol including device information of the device
from the device via the local interface, the first device information acquisition response being transmitted by the device
in response to the first device information acquisition request, and

convert the received first device information acquisition response in the second protocol into a response in the first protocol.

US Pat. No. 9,433,063

INTELLIGENT ILLUMINATION CONTROL METHOD, APPARATUS, AND SYSTEM

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. An intelligent illumination control method, comprising:
a step of obtaining at least one image of a predetermined lighting area captured by at least one stereo camera and divided
into plural cells;

a step of determining, based on the at least one image of the predetermined lighting area, one or more target illuminance
values of the predetermined lighting area;

a step of determining, based on the one or more target illuminance values of the predetermined lighting area and a dimming
model, a dimming level of at least one illumination apparatus so that the at least one illumination apparatus illuminates
according to the determined dimming level; and

a step of obtaining, for each cell amongst the plural cells of the predetermined lighting area, a current illuminance value
of the cell, wherein

in the dimming model, for each cell amongst the plural cells of the predetermined lighting area, a weight is set for the cell,
and wherein

the dimming model represents a sum of illuminance differences of each cell in the predetermined lighting area multiplied by
the weight of the corresponding cell, and

each of the illuminance differences is a difference between a target illuminance value of the corresponding cell and an actual
illuminance value of the corresponding cell after carrying out dimming, and the actual illuminance value of the corresponding
cell is a sum of the current illuminance value of the corresponding cell and a to-be-actually-adjusted illuminance adjustment
step length.

US Pat. No. 9,061,529

PRINTING APPARATUS

SCREEN HOLDINGS CO., LTD....

1. A printing apparatus for performing printing to a print medium supplied from a roll of the print medium, comprising:
two or more units formed by dividing a printing apparatus body depending on functions;
an endless belt provided for each of the two or more units and disposed along a transportation path of the print medium;
a holding mechanism fixedly arranged on the endless belt for holding both ends of an attachment bar to which the print medium
is attached; and

an endless-belt driving mechanism for driving the endless belt, the two or more units delivering the attachment bar between
the units adjoining each other.

US Pat. No. 9,369,613

CAMERA UNIT AND SENSING DEVICE

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A camera unit comprising:
an image sensor;
a circuit board including a signal processor circuit to process an output signal of the image sensor and a ground terminal;
a cable including at least a signal conductor element, a ground line and a ground conductor element including a shield material
and connected at one end to the circuit board, said signal conductor and ground line being surrounded by the ground conductor
element; and

a shielding component formed to enclose the circuit board therewith,
wherein the ground conductor element is connected to both the ground terminal of the circuit board and the shielding component
in a vicinity of the end of the cable where the cable is connected to the circuit board,

wherein the ground line is connected to the ground conductor element in the vicinity of a connection point of the circuit
board and the cable,

wherein the cable further includes a metal component, and the ground conductor element is connected to the shielding component
through the metal component, and

wherein the metal component is formed of a resilient metallic material and includes a rectangular portion that bents outward
from an outer periphery of the metal component, and wherein the rectangular part electrically connects the shielding component.

US Pat. No. 9,232,184

TRANSMISSION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM, TRANSMISSION SYSTEM, AND TRANSMISSION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM PROGRAM

RICOH COMPANY, LIMITED, ...

1. A transmission management system, comprising:
a memory that, when transmission terminals perform communication through a reservation, stores transmission terminal identification
information used to identify each transmission terminal and reservation identification information used to identify the reservation
so as to be associated with each other;

a receiver that receives, from a first transmission terminal, a request to acquire a state of a second transmission terminal
participating in a session corresponding to a predetermined reservation, the request including a reservation identifier and
being transmitted from the first transmission terminal when a user of the first transmission terminal selects the session
corresponding to the predetermined reservation;

processing circuitry that extracts the reservation identification information associated with transmission terminal identification
information used to identify the second transmission terminal from the memory when the receiver receives the request, and
determines whether the extracted reservation identification information matches the reservation identifier; and

a transmitter that, when the processing circuitry determines that the reservation identification information matches the reservation
identifier, transmits first state information indicating a first state of the second transmission terminal to the first transmission
terminal so as to cause the first state to be displayed on a screen of the first transmission terminal as a state related
to the predetermined reservation of the second transmission terminal, but when the processing circuitry determines that the
reservation identification information does not match the reservation identifier, transmits second state information indicating
a second state of the second transmission terminal to the first transmission terminal so as to cause the second state to be
displayed on the screen of the first transmission terminal as the state related to the predetermined reservation of the second
transmission terminal, wherein the first state indicates that the second transmission terminal has already entered a session
based on the predetermined reservation, and the second state indicates that the second transmission terminal is participating
in another session different from the session based on the predetermined reservation,

wherein the processing circuitry causes the transmitter to transmit, to the first transmission terminal, the first state information,
which causes the first transmission terminal to display a first icon in a destination list on a screen, and to transmit, to
the first transmission terminal, the second state information, which causes the first transmission terminal to display a second
icon different from the first icon in the destination list on the screen.

US Pat. No. 9,104,242

PALM GESTURE RECOGNITION METHOD AND DEVICE AS WELL AS HUMAN-MACHINE INTERACTION METHOD AND APPARATUS

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An open-or-closed palm gesture recognition method used to recognize an open or closed palm gesture by utilizing image processing,
the method comprising:
an image obtainment step of obtaining plural images according to an order of time;
a palm shape image acquirement step of acquiring plural palm shaped images from the plural images;
a feature extraction step of extracting plural features describing the open or closed palm gesture from each of the plural
palm shaped images, wherein, each of the plural features has a monotonic characteristic that values corresponding to this
feature obtained during a process between the open palm gesture and the closed palm gesture gradually decrease or increase;

a maximum feature difference vector calculation step of calculating a maximum feature difference vector formed by a maximum
difference of each of the plural features, wherein, the maximum difference of the corresponding feature, which has a sign
attribute and an width attribute, is calculated by obtaining a difference related to the corresponding features between two
of the plural palm shaped images according to a predetermined order, and an absolute value of the maximum difference is a
maximum absolute value of a difference related to the corresponding features between any two of the plural palm shaped images;
and

an open-or-closed palm gesture determination step of determining, based on the maximum feature difference vector, that there
is the open or closed palm gesture or there isn't the open or closed palm gesture in the plural images.

US Pat. No. 9,100,611

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, METHOD, AND PROGRAM PRODUCT ADJUSTING IMAGE FORMATION BASED ON READING CROSS-HAIR AT FOLDED CORNER OF PRINT MEDIUM

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

7. An image forming apparatus comprising:
an image forming device to form an image on a recording medium;
an image reader to read an image from a recording medium;
a non-transitory computer-readable storage medium to store image data for adjustment of image formation, the image data comprising
a cross-hair formed in a corner of a recording medium; and

an adjuster to read the image data from the non-transitory computer-readable storage medium, to form an image for adjustment
of image formation on a recording medium with the image forming device, to read the image for adjustment of image formation
from the recording medium with the image reader, and to adjust image formation according to read data provided by the image
reader,

wherein, when the corner of the recording medium including an area where the cross-hair is formed on one side is folded to
an opposite side to the one side of the recording medium, the adjuster reads the opposite side with the image reader, detects
the cross-hair and a corner edge of the recording medium from read data provided by the image reader, calculates a distance
between the cross-hair and the corner edge of the recording medium, and adjusts the image formation according to the distance
between the cross-hair and the corner edge of the recording medium.

US Pat. No. 9,296,229

PRINTING APPARATUS AND PRINTING METHOD

SCREEN Holdings Co., Ltd....

1. A printing apparatus printing an image onto a web, the printing apparatus comprising:
a transport mechanism transporting the web;
a printing head printing the image onto the web to be transported;
a serpentine amount sensor detecting a serpentine amount caused by transportation of the web at a position where the printing
head is disposed or a position therearound;

a predicted waveform data generating unit generating predicted waveform data on the serpentine amount to be produced in the
following web in accordance with actually measured waveform data on the detected serpentine amount;

a shift amount determining unit determining a shift amount of a printing position of the image to be shifted in a width direction
of the web, intersecting a transportation direction of the web, in a direction in which the predicted serpentine amount is
decreased in accordance with the predicted waveform data; and

a correcting unit correcting the printing position of the image in accordance with the shift amount and applying a corrected
printing position to the printing head.

US Pat. No. 9,156,283

LIQUID DISPERSAL IN RADIANT DRYERS FOR PRINTING SYSTEMS

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An apparatus comprising:
a dryer of a printing system comprising:
a heating element within an interior of the dryer that is operable to heat a web of printed media as the web travels through
the interior;

a liquid dispersal unit within the interior that is operable to project liquid droplets of coolant onto the web as the web
travels through the interior in order to control the temperature of the web; and

a controller operable to select a flow rate of the liquid droplets for each of multiple regions on the web by identifying
a colorant applied to a region of the web and selecting the flow rate for the region based on heat absorption characteristics
of the colorant.

US Pat. No. 9,110,407

BELT CONTROLLER, IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, IMAGE FORMING METHOD, AND RECORDING MEDIUM STORING IMAGE FORMING CONTROL PROGRAM

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A belt controller that adjusts a position of a belt, the belt controller comprising:
a position detector to detect a position of the belt and transmit a position detection signal; and
a determining device configured to determine a degree of misalignment of the belt based on the position detection signal;
the determining device configured to cause a motor driver to initiate a tilt of the belt independent of feedback control when
the degree of misalignment exceeds a threshold to reduce the degree of misalignment before rotation of the belt is initiated,
and to initiate feedback control that positions the belt based on the degree of misalignment when or after rotation of the
belt is initiated.

US Pat. No. 9,232,004

NETWORK SYNCHRONIZATION SYSTEM AND INFORMATION PROCESSING DEVICE

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A synchronization system including a plurality of information processing devices, the synchronization system comprising:
a first information processing device among the plurality of information processing devices, the first information processing
device including,

a first processor and a first memory, wherein
the first memory is configured to store first user information indicating information of a user, and a date when the first
user information was deleted;

a second information processing device among the plurality of information processing devices including,
a second processor and a second memory, wherein
the second memory is configured to store second user information indicating information of the user, a date when the user
indicated by the second user information logged into the second information processing device, and

the second processor is configured to,
acquire the date when the first user information was deleted information stored in the first memory, and
store the second user information in the first memory, when the date when the user indicated by the second user information
logged into the second information processing device is more recent than the date when the first user information was deleted.

US Pat. No. 9,563,435

INFORMATION PROCESSING SYSTEM, INFORMATION PROCESSING APPARATUS AND START UP CONTROL METHOD

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. An information processing system comprising:
an operation part that includes a user input device which receives an operation performed by a user; and
a body part that operates based on a request from the operation part, wherein
the body part includes a body part controller that,
when the user performs a power turning off operation, the body part transmits a power turning off instruction to the operation
part, and shuts down the body part itself, and

when the user performs a power turning on operation, the body part transmits a start up notification to the operation part,
and starts up the body part itself, and

the operation part includes a power control part that, when receiving the power turning off instruction from the body part
controller, reboots the operation part and causes the operation part to stand by in a power saving state in which some of
operations of the operation part are stopped, and, when receiving the start up notification from the body part controller,
causes the operation part to return from the power saving state and connect to the body part, wherein the body part controller
and the power control part implement various processes by executing programs on respective computers.

US Pat. No. 9,105,473

FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTOR, DISPLAY ELEMENT, IMAGE DISPLAY DEVICE, AND SYSTEM

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A field effect transistor comprising:
a gate electrode to which a gate voltage is applied;
a source electrode and a drain electrode that acquire a current in response to the gate voltage;
an active layer located adjacent to the source electrode and the drain electrode, the active layer comprising a metal oxide
semiconductor of n-type; and

a gate insulator layer located between the gate electrode and the active layer,
wherein the metal oxide semiconductor comprises an n-type substitutional doped oxide with a crystal composition, wherein the
n-type doped compound comprises at least one dopant wherein all dopant valences are larger than that of a valence of a metal
in the metal oxide semiconductor for which the dopant is being substitutionally doped.

US Pat. No. 9,044,940

INKJET PRINTING APPARATUS

SCREEN HOLDINGS CO., LTD....

1. An inkjet printing apparatus for printing images on printing paper by discharging ink while moving inkjet heads and the
printing paper relative to each other, comprising:
an inkjet head holder for holding the inkjet heads to be movable by at least two shafts extending vertically;
a control device for operating at least two motors respectively coupled to the at least two shafts to move the inkjet head
holder vertically along the at least two shafts at least between a printing position, a standby position of the inkjet head
holder, and an origin position above the standby position;

a detecting device for detecting slits formed in at least two different sizes in each of slit disks rotatable by the at least
two motors, and outputting detection signals concerning synchronous rotations of the at least two motors and directions of
rotation of the at least two motors; and

a monitoring device for monitoring, during a vertical movement of the inkjet head holder caused by the control device, synchronous
rotations of the at least two motors by monitoring the signals outputted from the detecting device and counting the slits
of the slit disks, and corresponding directions of rotation of the at least two motors by monitoring orders in which the slits
of the slit disks appear, the monitoring device having at least two counters respectively for storing counts of the slits
of the slit disks provided for the at least two motors, respectively, and a comparator for comparing a difference between
the counts of the at least two counters and one of a first threshold value for a time of normal vertical movement and a second
threshold value for a time of return to the origin position after occurrence of an abnormality,

wherein the control device causes the comparator of the monitoring device to compare the difference between the counts of
the at least two counters and the first threshold value at the time of normal vertical movement, and

when the monitoring device has detected occurrence of an abnormality, the control device:
raises the inkjet head holder to the origin position while causing the comparator to compare the difference between the counts
of the at least two counters and the second threshold value, and

only when the inkjet head holder has been able to reach the origin position, lowers the inkjet head holder from the origin
position to the printing position.

US Pat. No. 9,075,350

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS TO MAINTAIN ADEQUATE TRANSFERABILITY OF TONER TO A RECORDING MEDIUM

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:
an image bearing member to bear a toner image on a surface thereof;
a transfer member disposed opposite the image bearing member to contact the surface of the image bearing member to form a
transfer nip;

a power source to output a voltage to transfer the toner image from the image bearing member onto a recording medium interposed
in the transfer nip, the voltage including a first voltage in a transfer direction in which the toner image is transferred
from the image bearing member to the recording medium and a second voltage having a polarity opposite that of the first voltage,
and the first voltage and the second voltage alternating upon transfer of the toner image from the image bearing member to
the recording medium; and

a controller operatively connected to the power source to control the power source,
wherein a time-averaged value of the voltage has a polarity in the transfer direction, and an absolute value of the time-averaged
value of the voltage is greater than a midpoint value of the voltage, the midpoint value of the voltage being an intermediate
value between a maximum value and a minimum value of the voltage and the time-averaged value of the voltage being a value
of an integral value of an alternating waveform of the voltage over one cycle divided by a length of said one cycle, and

wherein as a roughness of the recording medium increases, the controller controls the power source to reduce a duty ratio
expressed by A/(A+B), where A is an area of the alternating waveform of the voltage in said one cycle in a return direction
opposite the transfer direction relative to the midpoint value of the voltage and B is an area of the alternating waveform
of the voltage in the transfer direction relative to the midpoint value of the voltage.

US Pat. No. 9,052,652

FIXING DEVICE INCLUDING A FRICTION REDUCER AND AN IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCLUDING THE FIXING DEVICE

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A fixing device comprising:
an endless belt rotatable in a given direction of rotation;
a heater disposed opposite and heating the endless belt;
a pressing rotary body rotatable while contacting the endless belt;
a nip formation pad disposed opposite an inner circumferential surface of the endless belt and pressing the endless belt against
the pressing rotary body to form a fixing nip between the endless belt and the pressing rotary body, the fixing nip through
which a recording medium is conveyed;

a friction reducer sandwiched between the endless belt and the nip formation pad, the friction reducer over which the endless
belt slides,

the friction reducer including:
a body; and
at least one tab projecting from the body in a direction opposite a recording
medium conveyance direction; and
a friction reducer fastener attached to the tab of the friction reducer and placed inside the nip formation pad to mount the
friction reducer on the nip formation pad.

US Pat. No. 9,108,432

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, IMAGE FORMING METHOD, AND COMPUTER-READABLE STORAGE MEDIUM TO FORM A IMAGE ON A THREE DIMENSIONAL OBJECT

RICOH COMPANY, LIMITED, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:
a shape information acquirer configured to acquire shape information indicating a shape of a three-dimensional object on which
an image forming process is to be performed;

a surface determiner configured to determine a plurality of surfaces from which the three-dimensional object is constructed,
based on the shape information; and

an output image information generator configured to generate surface image information and join region image information,
the surface image information being information on images to be formed on respective surfaces, each image being of a region
obtained by cutting an end of a corresponding surface by a predetermined amount, the join region image information being information
on an image to be formed on a join region between adjacent surfaces,

wherein the surface determiner is configured to determine that the adjacent surfaces of the three-dimensional object are different
surfaces when an angle formed between the adjacent surfaces of the three-dimensional object is equal to or smaller than a
predetermined angle.

US Pat. No. 9,300,905

PROJECTOR, PROJECTOR CONTROL METHOD, AND RECORDING MEDIUM STORING PROJECTOR CONTROL PROGRAM

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A projector, comprising:
a light source;
a light source output adjustment unit configured to control output of the light source according to brightness of a video
signal input to the projector; and

a superimposed image projection unit configured to superimpose a superimposed image on a projection image to generate multiple
different superimposed images indicating same content but whose character fonts or character sizes are different from each
other, select one of the different superimposed images based on the brightness of the video signal and a threshold brightness
value, and project the selected one of the different superimposed images, the projection image being generated according to
the video signal.

US Pat. No. 9,283,771

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING PRINT HEAD, PRINT HEAD AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, USING LIGHT DENSITY DATA FOR PRINT HEAD CORRECTION

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A method of manufacturing a print head that includes a substrate on which a plurality of light-emitting units are provided
to be arrayed, and a driver that drives each of the light-emitting units, wherein a light spot is formed on a field by each
of the light-emitting units, comprising:
a first step of finding first light quantity related data of a light quantity in the light spot formed by lighting up the
light-emitting unit by the driver by using a first threshold;

a second step of finding first magnitude related data of a magnitude in the light spot, formed by lighting up the light-emitting
unit by the driver by using a second threshold;

a third step of finding first ratio data of a ratio between the first light quantity related data and the first magnitude
related data; and

a fourth step of providing light quantity correction data to the light-emitting unit forming the light spot by using the first
ratio data, and

a fifth step of retaining the provided light quantity correction data at the print head, whereby the retained light quantity
correction data may be used to correct a light quantity emitted by the light-emitting units.

US Pat. No. 9,123,896

ORGANIC ELECTRONIC DEVICE CONTAINING AN ORGANIC SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIAL FILM WHICH CONTAINS A LEAVING SUBSTITUENT-CONTAINING COMPOUND

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An organic electronic device comprising:
an organic semiconductor film wherein the organic semiconductor film comprises an organic semiconductor material comprising
a compound represented by the following Formula (Ia),

wherein the compound is obtained by eliminating hydrogen halides or carboxylic acid derivatives represented by the following
Formulas (IIa) and (IIb) from a leaving substituent-containing compound having a structure represented by the following Formula
(I):



where a pair of X1 and X2 or a pair of Y1 and Y2 each represent a hydrogen atom; the other pair each represent a group selected from the group consisting of a halogen atom
and a substituted or unsubstituted acyloxy group having one or more carbon atoms; a pair of the acyloxy groups represented
by the pair of X1 and X2 or the pair of Y1 and Y2 may be identical or different, or may be bonded together to form a ring; R1 to R4 each represent a hydrogen atom or a substituent; and Q1 and Q2 each represent a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom or a monovalent organic group, and may be bonded together to form a ring.

US Pat. No. 9,583,270

COMPLEX OXIDE, THIN-FILM CAPACITIVE ELEMENT, LIQUID DROPLET DISCHARGE HEAD, AND METHOD OF PRODUCING COMPLEX OXIDE

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A complex oxide comprising:
a chemical compound represented by ABO3 (Chemical Formula 1), and

a chemical compound represented by BaB2O4 (Chemical Formula 2),

wherein in the Chemical Formula 1, A is one or more elements selected from Ba, Ca, and Sr; and B is one or more elements selected
from Ti, Zr, Hf, and Sn, and in the Chemical Formula 2, B is one or more elements selected from Ti, Zr, Hf, and Sn,

wherein the chemical compound represented by the Chemical Formula 2 is included in the chemical compound represented by the
Chemical Formula 1, so that a ratio of an amount of the chemical compound represented by the Chemical Formula 2 with respect
to that of the chemical compound represented by the Chemical Formula 1 is greater than or equal to 0.5 mol % and less than
or equal to 3 mol %, and

wherein, when a field having a size of 1 ?m×1 ?m on a surface of the complex oxide is observed with an atomic force microscope
(AFM), a typical particle size is greater than or equal to 300 nm and less than 660 nm, wherein the typical particle size
is a maximum length of a maximum particle observed in the field.

US Pat. No. 9,193,197

LIQUID DROPLET DETECTING DEVICE, INKJET RECORDING DEVICE INCORPORATING SAME, AND LIQUID DROPLET DETECTION METHOD

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A liquid droplet detecting device comprising:
nozzles arranged in a paper width direction orthogonal to a paper conveying direction to discharge liquid droplets;
a light emitting element provided on one side of the paper width direction to emit a light beam for liquid droplet detection;
a light receiving element provided on the other side of the paper width direction to receive the light beam;
a storage in which correspondence information on each of the nozzles and a scan position of the light beam when discharge
of a liquid droplet from each of the nozzles is detected is stored;

a controller to allow the light beam to scan according to the correspondence information; and
a detector to determine presence or absence a liquid droplet discharged from each nozzle from an output of the light receiving
element;

wherein the light beam is scanned in the paper conveying direction;
wherein the light receiving element is reciprocated in the paper conveying direction in synchronization with a moving of the
light emitting element.

US Pat. No. 9,563,441

INFORMATION PROCESSING APPARATUS, INFORMATION PROCESSING APPARATUS STARTUP METHOD, AND RECORDING MEDIUM, CONFIGURED TO DETERMINE STARTUP ORDER OF MULTIPLE MODULES

RICOH COMPANY LTD., Toky...

1. An information processing apparatus, comprising:
a startup condition acquisition unit to acquire a startup condition of each one of multiple program modules;
a determination unit to determine a startup order of starting the multiple program modules by multiple CPU cores based on
the startup condition of each one of the multiple program modules;

a startup unit to start up at least one of the multiple program modules that is executable in the startup order using the
multiple CPU cores;

an updating unit to update load information that indicates multiple CPU core load on the multiple CPU cores that changes during
the startup process; and

a limitation unit to limit startup of the executable program module by the multiple CPU cores based on the load information
updated by the updating unit,

wherein functions of the startup condition acquisition unit, the determination unit, the startup unit, the updating unit and
the limitation unit are performed by execution of program instructions which are stored in a non-transitory, computer-readable
recording medium, by a processor of the information processing apparatus.

US Pat. No. 9,256,167

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

RICOH COMPANY, LIMITED, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:
an image bearer whose surface moves;
a toner image forming unit that forms a toner image on the surface of the image bearer by using a developer;
a transfer unit that transfers the toner image formed on the surface of the image bearer onto a surface of a transfer member
by applying a transfer bias thereto;

a detector that detects an image density of the toner image formed on the surface of the transfer member; and
a controller that controls the transfer bias, wherein
the toner image forming unit forms a plurality of types of density detection patterns on the surface of the image bearer in
mutually-different positions in a surface-movement direction of the image bearer, the plurality of types of density detection
patterns having mutually-different lengths in a direction orthogonal to the surface-movement direction of the image bearer,

the transfer unit transfers the plurality of types of density detection patterns onto the surface of the transfer member without
varying the transfer current,

the detector detects image densities of the plurality of types of density detection patterns transferred on the surface of
the transfer member, and

the controller calculates an image density difference between the plurality of types of density detection patterns on a basis
of a detection result obtained by the detector, and corrects the transfer bias on a basis of a value of the image density
difference.

US Pat. No. 9,408,218

INFORMATION PROCESSING SYSTEM, INFORMATION STORAGE APPARATUS, AND LOCATION INFORMATION STORING METHOD

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An information processing system, comprising:
an operation terminal; and
an information storage apparatus,
wherein the operation terminal includes
a first memory that stores a first program, and
a first processor that executes the first program to perform a first process including
determining whether to transmit location information of the operation terminal to the information storage apparatus based
on whether the information storage apparatus is configured to store the location information of the operation terminal, and

when it is determined to transmit the location information of the operation terminal to the information storage apparatus,
transmitting the location information of the operation terminal together with a request to the information storage apparatus;
and

wherein the information storage apparatus includes
a second memory that stores a second program, and
a second processor that executes the second program to perform a second process including
when the request and the location information are received from the operation terminal, performing a process requested by
the request.

US Pat. No. 9,332,655

ELECTRONIC CIRCUIT, LIGHT SOURCE DEVICE, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING ELECTRONIC CIRCUIT

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An electronic circuit, comprising:
a substrate having a first side and a second side opposite the first side formed with a hole having a larger dimension than
a maximum distance between at least two lead pins of a plurality of lead pins of an electronic component; and

the electronic component having the plurality of lead pins to be electrically connected to wirings on the substrate,
wherein each of the lead pins is inserted in the hole from the first side to the second side of the substrate, and has a tip
portion and a plurality of bending portions arranged external to the hole at the second side of the substrate, and

wherein each of the lead pins has a portion between the bending portions fixed at the second side of the substrate by solder.

US Pat. No. 9,286,523

LINE RECOGNITION APPARATUS, LINE RECOGNITION METHOD AND LINE RECOGNITION PROGRAM STORAGE MEDIUM

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A line recognition apparatus for recognizing a line on a surface over which a vehicle moves, using an image of an area
ahead of the vehicle captured by an image capturing unit mounted to the vehicle, the line recognition apparatus comprising:
circuitry configured as
a type information input unit to input surface type information of surfaces over which the vehicle moves;
a dividing line setting unit to set a dividing line, based on the input surface type information, in the captured image area
ahead of the vehicle to divide the captured image area into a first image area corresponding to a surface close to the vehicle
and a second image area in the captured image area corresponding to a surface far from the vehicle;

a straight line recognition unit to conduct a linear approximation to an image in the first image area to recognize a straight
line in the captured image area ahead of the vehicle; and

a curved line recognition unit to conduct a curved line approximation to an image in the second image area to recognize a
curved line in the captured image area ahead of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,280,125

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:
a first image bearer;
a lubricant dispenser to apply lubricant to the first image bearer; and
a controller to adjust a spatial interval during image formation between successive recording media on each of which an image
is formed, according to a total amount of toner attached to the first image bearer for each of the successive recording media,
to apply the lubricant to the first image bearer.

US Pat. No. 9,288,437

COMMUNICATION DEVICE, COMMUNICATION METHOD, AND COMPUTER-READABLE STORAGE MEDIUM

RICOH COMPANY, LIMITED, ...

1. A communication device that is used in one of at least three hubs to share information by transmitting and receiving an
image and a sound among the at least three hubs via a communication network, the communication device comprising:
circuitry configured to
determine whether there is a speaker in at least two different hubs that are different from the one of the at least three
hubs by using at least two sets of sound-related information that are transmitted from the respective different hubs via the
communication network; and

control display of, in a predetermined size on a display, an image that is transmitted via the communication network from
a different hub in which the circuitry determines that there is no speaker, and that controls display of, in an enlarged size
that is larger than the predetermined size on the display, an image that is transmitted via the communication network from
a different hub in which the circuitry determines that there is a speaker, wherein

when the circuitry determines that there are speakers in multiple different hubs, the circuitry controls the display to collectively
display, in the enlarged size on the display, multiple images that are transmitted from the respective different hubs via
the communication network, and

wherein the circuitry makes a first determination at a first time as to whether there is a different hub that has a sound
volume level greater than or equal to a threshold, the circuitry makes a second determination at a second time, that is a
predetermined amount of time after the first time, as to whether there is a different hub that has a sound volume level greater
than or equal to the threshold, and the circuitry determines that there is a speaker in a different hub based on a sound volume
level of the different hub being equal to or greater than the threshold at both the first determination and the second determination.

US Pat. No. 9,274,445

TONER SET, DEVELOPER SET, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A toner set, comprising:
a transparent toner which comprises a binder resin a and a releasing agent a and which does not comprise a colorant; and
one or more color toners, each of which comprises a binder resin b, a colorant b and a releasing agent b,
wherein the binder resin a comprises a non-crystalline resin ? and a crystalline resin ?,
wherein the binder resin b comprises a non-crystalline resin ? and a crystalline resin ?,
wherein the releasing agent a has an average particle diameter as a long diameter of 0.2 ?m to 2.0 ?m, and
wherein the toner set has a relationship of 1 a surface of the transparent toner to a depth of ? of a volume-average particle diameter of the transparent toner, and B is
defined as an area of the releasing agent b in a cross-section of the color toner existing in a region from a surface of the
color toner to a depth of ? of a volume-average particle diameter of the color toner, and
wherein the transparent toner has the volume-average particle diameter Dv of 3 ?m to 7 ?m, and a ratio of the volume-average
particle diameter Dv to a number-average particle diameter Dn of the transparent toner (Dv/Dn) is 1.2 or less.

US Pat. No. 9,146,493

ELECTROSTATIC LATENT IMAGE FORMING METHOD, ELECTROSTATIC LATENT IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

RICOH COMPANY, LIMITED, ...

1. An electrostatic latent image forming method for forming, on an image carrier, an electrostatic latent image that has a
pattern where there are an irradiated area and a not-irradiated area in a mixed manner, the electrostatic latent image forming
method comprising: adjusting an exposure condition of an irradiated area that is included in the irradiated area and is adjacent
to the not-irradiated area so that an electric field intensity of an electrostatic latent image that corresponds to the not-irradiated
area is increased so as to prevent adhesion of a developer; and irradiating the image carrier with light under the adjusted
exposure condition wherein, in the pattern, the not-irradiated area is a white dot and the irradiated area is a black dot,
and the adjusting includes adjusting an exposure condition of the black dot that is adjacent to the white dot in accordance
with a number of black dots that are adjacent to the white dot.

US Pat. No. 9,094,366

AGENT DEVICE, IMAGE-FORMING-DEVICE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM, IMAGE-FORMING-DEVICE MANAGEMENT METHOD, IMAGE-FORMING-DEVICE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM, AND STORAGE MEDIUM

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. An agency device which is connected with one or more image forming devices in a local network having a firewall provided
therein, comprising:
a management command receiving unit, inside a firewall, configured to start a connection with a management device, outside
the firewall, which carries out remote management of the one or more image forming devices in the local network through the
Internet, and receive a management command from the management device via the firewall in response to the connection, wherein
the received management command includes a request, at least, for changing an interval amount of the periodic interval or
setting a heater temperature of one of the image forming devices;

a management command analysis unit configured to analyze the management command received from the management device, and determine
whether the received management command is a management command sent to the agency device or a management command sent to
the one or more image forming devices; and

a communication unit configured to receive device-state information from a corresponding one of the one or more image forming
devices as a response to a device message sent to the corresponding image-forming device based on the management command received
by the management command receiving unit.

US Pat. No. 9,280,307

INFORMATION PROCESSING SYSTEM, APPARATUS, AND METHOD

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. An information processing system, comprising:
a first information processing apparatus; and
a second information processing apparatus,
wherein the first information processing apparatus transmits a request for status notification to the second information processing
apparatus, and the second information processing apparatus transmits a single response of the status notification to the first
information processing apparatus in response to reception of the request, the single response including a header and a body,
and

wherein the second information processing apparatus includes
a processor; and
a memory storing instructions that, when executed by the processor, cause the second information processing apparatus to:
transmit only the header of the single response of the status notification to the first information processing apparatus in
response to receiving the request for the status notification from the first information processing apparatus;

transmit only a part of the body of the single response of the status notification to the first information processing apparatus
in response to occurrence of a status change to be reported in the second information processing apparatus, the part of the
body including information on the status change; and

transmit only a last part of the body of the single response of the status notification to the first information processing
apparatus in response to the status notification becoming unnecessary.

US Pat. No. 9,212,132

(METH)ACRYLIC ACID ESTER, ACTIVATION ENERGY RAY CURING COMPOSITION, AND INKJET RECORDING INK

Ricoh Company Ltd., Toky...

1. An activation energy ray curing composition, comprising:
a (meth)acrylic acid ester, and
a photopolymerization initiator selected from the group consisting of bis(2,4,6-trimethylbenzoyl)phenyl phosphine oxide; 2,4,6-trimethylbenzoyldiphenyl
phosphine oxide; 1-hydroxycyclohexylphenyl ketone; 2-methyl-1-[4-(methylthio)phenyl]-2-morpholinopropan-1-one; and 2-dimethylamino-2-(4-methylbenzyl)-1-(4-morpholin-4-yl-phenyl)butan-1-one;

wherein the (meth)acrylic acid ester is a compound of formula F-1:

US Pat. No. 9,491,357

IMAGE-PROCESSING SYSTEM AND IMAGE-PROCESSING METHOD IN WHICH A SIZE OF A VIEWING ANGLE AND A POSITION OF A VIEWING POINT ARE CHANGED FOR ZOOMING

RICOH COMPANY LTD., Toky...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a memory for storing program code; and
a processor for generating an image using a stored image, the processor, according to the program code, executing:
a process to display the image as a three-dimensional conformation; and
a process to zoom the image by:
changing a size of a viewing angle of the image, the viewing angle being an angular width between a position of a viewing
point and both edges of the image when the viewing point sees the image from the position of the viewing point; and

changing the position of the viewing point of the image, wherein:
an angle of field is an angular width which is a range of the image having the viewing field,
the processor makes the viewing angle different from the angle of field within a magnification range, and
the processor operates such that the position of the viewing point is on an outer edge of the three-dimensional conformation
while changing the size of the viewing angle within a first magnification range, and the size of the viewing angle is constant
while changing the position of the viewing point away from the outer edge of the three-dimensional conformation within a second
magnification range which is larger than the first magnification range.

US Pat. No. 9,128,415

TONER CONTAINER INCLUDING FIRST AND SECOND RAILS AND A SHUTTER WHICH MOVES ALONG THE RAILS

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A toner container for use with an image forming apparatus, the toner container comprising:
a toner outlet to discharge toner in a downward direction outside the toner container, when the toner container is mounted
to the image forming apparatus such that a length of the toner container is oriented in a horizontal direction; and

a shutter to open and close the toner outlet, the shutter comprising a shutter main part which opens and closes the toner
outlet when the shutter is engaged with and moves along rails of the toner container,

the rails comprising:
a first rail disposed at an upstream portion in an insertion direction of the toner container; and
a second rail disposed at a downstream portion in the insertion direction of the toner container, the shutter contacting two
surfaces of the second rail which are on opposite sides of the second rail,

wherein the first and second rails are parallel to the length of the toner container, and a longitudinal length of the first
rail is smaller than a longitudinal length of the second rail.

US Pat. No. 9,207,601

CONTROL METHOD, FIXING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCORPORATING SAME

Ricoh Company Ltd., Toky...

1. A fixing device comprising:
a rotary fuser member subjected to heating;
a rotary pressure member opposite the fuser member,
the fuser member and the pressure member being pressed against each other to form a fixing nip therebetween, through which
a recording medium is conveyed in a conveyance direction to fix a toner image thereon; and

a cleaning system disposed adjacent to the pressure member to clean the pressure member, the cleaning system including:
a cleaning web disposed in contact with the pressure member to wipe the pressure member;
a web supply mechanism operatively connected to the cleaning web to supply a new, unused portion of the cleaning web to the
pressure member; and

a controller operatively connected to the web supply mechanism to control a web supply amount by which the cleaning web is
supplied to the pressure member,

wherein the controller adjusts the web supply amount depending on a circumferential, rotational distance traveled by the pressure
member in direct contact with the fuser member, and an occurrence rate of isolated pixels in image data from which the toner
image is produced.

US Pat. No. 9,519,138

SCANNING LINE ADJUSTER, OPTICAL SCANNER INCORPORATING THE SCANNING LINE ADJUSTER, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCORPORATING THE OPTICAL SCANNER

RICOH COMPANY LTD., Toky...

1. A scanning line adjuster comprising:
an optical element disposed on an optical path extending from a light source to a scanned target object, the optical element
having a positioning portion;

an attitude changer to change an attitude of the optical element; and
an optical element positioner to position the optical element,
the optical element positioner to contact the positioning portion of the optical element in a direction perpendicular to a
moving direction in which the positioning portion of the optical element moves when the attitude changer changes the attitude
of the optical element,

the optical element positioner including a contact end to contact the positioning portion,
the contact end made of a different material from a material of the optical element positioner.

US Pat. No. 9,363,417

INFORMATION PROCESSING SYSTEM, INPUT/OUTPUT DEVICE, AND AUTHENTICATION METHOD

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An information processing system comprising:
an operation terminal; and
an input/output device connected to the operation terminal, wherein the operation terminal includes
a notification unit that makes a notification based on information indicating that communication is possible with the input/output
device, the information being sent from the input/output device, and

the input/output device includes
a camera unit that takes an image,
a detection unit that detects the operation terminal capable of communicating with the input/output device,
a transmission unit that transmits, to the operation terminal detected by the detection unit, the information indicating that
communication is possible with the input/output device,

a determination unit that determines whether the image that is taken by the camera unit includes a predetermined action after
the information has been sent by the transmission unit,

an authentication control unit that causes the input/output device to return to a regular state from a power saving state
upon determining that the image that is taken by the camera unit includes the predetermined action, and

an authentication unit that acquires terminal information from the operation terminal detected by the detection unit, and
performs authentication based on the terminal information, when the image of the predetermined action is determined to have
been taken by the determination unit.

US Pat. No. 9,250,577

TRANSFER UNIT INCLUDING A BELT UNIT WITH A MOVING ASSEMBLY, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS THEREOF

Ricoh Company Ltd., Toky...

1. A belt unit, comprising:
an endless rotatable belt wound around a plurality of rollers and formed into a loop;
a contact member disposed along a surface of the belt;
an opposing member disposed facing the contact member via the belt;
a moving member to swing and movably support the opposing member to contact and separate from the belt, the moving member
including an action receiving portion; and

a moving assembly to bias the action receiving portion of the moving member in a first direction in which the opposing member
contacts the belt and in a second direction opposite the first direction in which the opposing member separates from the belt,

the moving assembly including:
an actuator to bias the action receiving portion of the moving member in the first and the second directions;
a drive mechanism to move the actuator in the first and the second directions;
an elastic member to transmit a moving force of the actuator to the action receiving portion when the actuator moves; and
a connector to hold elastically the elastic member and connect the moving member to the actuator, the connector including
an action sending portion,

wherein the action receiving portion and the action sending portion include a slot and a pin movably supported by the slot,
wherein the moving force is transmitted from the actuator to the action receiving portion via the elastic member; and
wherein the action receiving portion of the moving member includes the slot to movably support the connector and the actuator.

US Pat. No. 9,401,471

ELECTROMECHANICAL TRANSDUCING DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, AND LIQUID DROPLET DISCHARGING HEAD AND LIQUID DROPLET DISCHARGING APPARATUS

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A manufacturing method of manufacturing an electromechanical transducing device comprising:
forming a first electrode made of a metal;
forming a second electrode by an ink-jet method so as to have a desired pattern and being made of an electrically conductive
oxide on the first electrode;

coating a surface modification material and carrying out surface modification to only a surface of the first electrode so
as to have a water repellency without modifying a surface of the second electrode;

forming an electromechanical transducing film on the second electrode, thereby the surface of the first electrode having the
water repellency while the surface of the second electrode has a hydrophilia; and

forming a third electrode made of an electrically conductive oxide on the electromechanical transducing film.

US Pat. No. 9,245,296

EXPENSE REPORT SYSTEM WITH RECEIPT IMAGE PROCESSING

RICOH COMPANY LTD., Toky...

1. A receipt image processing system comprising:
a processor;
and a memory for storing executable instructions to be executable by the processor to provide:
an image splitting manager configured to:
receive receipt image data and image split information from an image capture device coupled to the receipt image processing
system, the receipt image data including image data for one or more receipts, and the image split information being derived
from a user selection specifying an arrangement of separate scan areas on the image capture device; and

generate single receipt image data for at least one receipt in the receipt image data by splitting the receipt image data
based on the image split information, the single receipt image data for the at least one receipt having a particular layout
of data items; and

an OCR Engine and data capture manager configured to:
select a template from a plurality of templates based on an accuracy value that indicates a matching accuracy between the
selected template and the single receipt image data, the selected template having a layout of data items corresponding to
the particular layout of data items in the single receipt image data;

transfer the selected template to the image capture device;
receive a data extraction template from the image capture device, the data extraction template being the selected template
confirmed by a user, a template that is updated by the user, or a new template that is created by the user;

extract single receipt data from the single receipt image data according to the data extraction template; and
process, from the image splitting manager, any remaining single receipt image data for the one or more receipts included in
the receipt image data.

US Pat. No. 9,807,812

COMMUNICATION TERMINAL, COMMUNICATION SYSTEM, COMMUNICATION METHOD, AND RECORDING MEDIUM

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A communication terminal, comprising:
a memory to store a plurality of types of communication application;
a receiver to receive first terminal identification information for identifying a first communication terminal from a second
mobile terminal, after the second mobile terminal has received the first terminal identification information from a first
mobile terminal, the first mobile terminal being a mobile terminal that has obtained the first terminal identification information
from the first communication terminal through a first communication session; and

circuitry to activate one of the plurality of types of communication application based on the first terminal identification
information, and start communicating with the first communication terminal through a second communication session using the
activated communication application, wherein the first terminal identification information is relayed from the first communication
terminal to the communication terminal at least via the first mobile terminal and the second mobile terminal not involved
in the second communication session.

US Pat. No. 9,275,349

HEALTHCARE SYSTEM INTEGRATION

Ricoh Company Ltd., Toky...

15. A computer-implemented method comprising:
receiving, via one or more wireless communications networks from a first mobile client device having at least a data acquisition
component that includes a camera and is configured to acquire images of patients and identification data that uniquely identifies
the patients, both first image data that includes a first set of images of a first patient and first identification data that
uniquely identifies the first patient,

generating and storing first record data that includes the first identification data and at least a reference to the first
image data,

receiving, via the or more wireless communications networks from a second mobile client device having at least a data acquisition
component that includes a camera and is configured to acquire images of patients and identification data that uniquely identifies
the patients, both second image data that includes a first set of images of a second patient and second identification data
that uniquely identifies the second patient,

generating and storing second record data that includes the second identification data and at least a reference to the second
image data, and

causing the first image data associated with the first patient, the first identification data that uniquely identifies the
first patient, the second image data associated with the second patient and the second identification data that uniquely identifies
the second patient to be transmitted via one or more communications networks to an electronic medical record system that is
external to the apparatus utilizing one or more application program interfaces that are supported by the electronic medical
record system and not supported by the first mobile client device and the second mobile client device.

US Pat. No. 9,245,214

IMAGE PROCESSING COMPRESSION WITH A DEFINED PIXEL WINDOW IN A LINEAR ARRAY

Ricoh Company Ltd., Toky...

11. A printer comprising:
A processing unit; and
a storage medium containing machine executable instructions that when processed by the processing unit within the printer
cause the printer to defining a window of one or more consecutive pixel values in a linear array of pixel values of an image,
the defining including adding a pixel value in the linear array to the window so long as the pixel value does not deviate
from the pixel values that exist within the window to a degree that causes a threshold value to be exceeded, and,

wherein the threshold value decreases as TW/D as the size of the window increases, where TW is the threshold for the Wth pixel of a window, D is a dampening factor and W is the size of the window in pixels;

encoding the window of pixel values with a value determined from pixel values within the window and the number of pixel values
within the window.

US Pat. No. 9,152,433

CLASS OBJECT WRAPPERS FOR DOCUMENT OBJECT MODEL (DOM) ELEMENTS FOR PROJECT TASK MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR MANAGING PROJECT SCHEDULES OVER A NETWORK

RICOH COMPANY LTD., Toky...

1. An apparatus for managing tasks in a project schedule system, the apparatus comprising:
one or more processors; and
a memory coupled to the one or more processors and storing instructions which, when processed by the one or more processors,
cause:

in response to detecting a user selection of an editor from a plurality of editors including at least a member schedule editor,
a project schedule editor and a task assignment editor, causing execution of the selected editor;

wherein causing execution of the selected editor includes receiving, from a server, client-executable code configured to display
the selected editor;

displaying the selected editor, wherein the selected editor includes a display table that includes one or more elements that
are represented based on a document object model (DOM);

wherein the one or more elements include one or more rows of the display table, wherein each row of the one or more rows stores
one or more values associated with a task of a project schedule;

instantiating, based on the client-executable code received from the server, a class object that corresponds to the display
table of the selected editor, wherein the class object includes one or more attributes each corresponding to an element of
the one or more elements, and one or more member functions configured to manipulate one or more values of the stored values;

in response to an event that affects a row of the display table, the class object manipulating a particular value corresponding
to a particular element of the one or more elements of the display table corresponding to the selected editor based on the
event;

wherein the class object manipulating the particular value corresponding to the particular element comprises a particular
member function of the one or more member functions of the class object performing:

directly accessing a particular attribute of the one or more attributes corresponding to the particular element of the selected
editor, wherein the class object directly accesses the particular attribute without obtaining the particular element from
the DOM; and

directly manipulating the particular value for the particular attribute of the class object based on the event.

US Pat. No. 9,471,262

SYSTEMS, METHODS AND COMPUTER-READABLE MEDIA FOR NETWORK PRINTING WITH USER-SELECTABLE OPTIONS

Ricoh Company Ltd., Toky...

1. A system for providing a cloud print service, the system comprising:
a print apparatus connected to a public network; and
a print service provider connected to the public network, the print service provider configured to,
provide a print service access user interface through the public network to a terminal device,
receive and store a print job uploaded, via the public network, from the terminal device to the print service access user
interface,

provide, via the public network, a payment selection interface to the terminal device, the payment selection interface enabling
a user of the terminal device to enter a user selection to select one of a pay-to-print option and a free-print-with-advertisement
option,

collect, via the public network, a monetary payment from the user, if the user selection is the pay-to-print option,
generate a user-targeted advertisement based on user preference information retrieved from one of e-mail and social media
accounts associated with the user of the terminal device and modify the uploaded print job to include the user-targeted advertisement
therein, if the user selection is the free-print-with-advisement option,

transmit, via the public network, first information associated with the print job to the terminal device, if the user provides
the monetary payment or selects the free-print with-advertisement option, and

transmit, via the public network, one of the uploaded print job and the modified uploaded print job to the print apparatus
based on the user selection, if the print apparatus provides the print service provider with second information that matches
the first information, wherein

the print apparatus includes a printer user interface configured to,
receive, via the printer user interface, second information associated with the print job from the user of the terminal device,
transmit, via the public network, the second information to the print service provider,
receive, via the public network, the print job from the print service provider, if the print service provider determines that
the first information matches the second information, and

process the print job to generate a print output based on the processed print job.

US Pat. No. 9,262,728

AUTO INSURANCE SYSTEM INTEGRATION

Ricoh Company Ltd., Toky...

15. A computer-implemented method comprising:
receiving, via one or more wireless communications networks from a first mobile client device having at least a data acquisition
component, both first image data associated with a first set of one or more automobiles and first identification data that
uniquely identifies the first set of one or more automobiles,

generating and storing first record data that includes the first identification data and at least a reference to the first
image data,

receiving, via the one or more wireless communications networks from a second mobile client device having at least a data
acquisition component, both second image data associated with a second set of one or more automobiles and second identification
data that uniquely identifies the second set of one or more automobiles,

generating and storing second record data that includes the second identification data and at least a reference to the second
image data, and

causing the first image data associated with the first set of one or more automobiles, the first identification data that
uniquely identifies the first set of one or more automobiles, the second image data associated with the second set of one
or more automobiles and the second identification data that uniquely identifies the second set of one or more automobiles
to be transmitted via one or more communications networks to an auto insurance system that is external to the apparatus utilizing
one or more application program interfaces that are supported by the auto insurance system and not supported by the first
mobile client device and the second mobile client device.

US Pat. No. 9,288,438

COMMUNICATION CONTROL SYSTEM AND CONTROL DEVICE

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A communication control system comprising:
a first control device;
a second control device, wherein the first control device and the second control device are grouped together by group identification
information;

a determining unit configured to determine whether a device has been connected to the first control device or the second control
device;

a detecting unit configured to detect acquisition of image data displayed on a display unit of the device determined as being
connected by the determining unit;

a first communication control unit configured to establish a session for performing data communication with the second control
device identified by the group identification information, and send the image data, when the device is determined as being
connected by the determining unit;

a display control unit configured to implement control to display the image data sent from the first communication control
unit;

a first session establishing unit configured to establish a first session for performing data communication with the first
control device, and assign first session identification information to the first session;

a second session establishing unit configured to establish a second session for performing data communication with the second
control device, and assign second session identification information to the second session;

a receiving unit configured to receive the image data sent from the first control device when the first session to which the
first session identification information is assigned is established; and

a sending unit configured to send the image data to the second control device when the second session to which the second
session identification information is assigned is established.

US Pat. No. 9,362,328

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND IMAGING APPARATUS

National Institute of Adv...

1. A phototransistor having a vertical bipolar transistor structure in which an emitter region, a base region, and a collector
region are formed in this order from a surface of a semiconductor substrate in a depth direction,
the phototransistor further comprising an electrode embedded from the surface of the semiconductor substrate into an inside
of the semiconductor substrate, and insulated by an oxide film, wherein

in the surface of the substrate, the phototransistor has a structure in which a first semiconductor region of a first conductivity
type, a second semiconductor region of a second conductivity type, and a third semiconductor region of the first conductivity
type are arranged, from the surface side, inside a phototransistor region surrounded by the embedded electrode and along the
embedded electrode with the oxide film interposed therebetween, the second semiconductor region being located below the first
semiconductor region and having a side surface, the third semiconductor region being located below the second semiconductor
region, said embedded electrode being opposed via the oxide film to said side surface of said second semiconductor region,

the embedded electrode is insulated from the first semiconductor region, the second semiconductor region, and the third semiconductor
region by the oxide film, and

by application of voltage to the embedded electrode, a current gain applied to a photocurrent generated by the phototransistor
as a result of light irradiation is variable in a current gain varying region adjacent to the embedded electrode.

US Pat. No. 9,291,924

ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC PHOTOCONDUCTOR, AND IMAGE FORMING METHOD, IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, AND PROCESS CARTRIDGE USING THE ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC PHOTOCONDUCTOR

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A photoconductor comprising:
an electroconductive substrate;
an intermediate layer located overlying the electroconductive substrate; and
a photosensitive layer located overlying the intermediate layer,
wherein the intermediate layer includes at least a resin, and a particulate zinc oxide, wherein the particulate zinc oxide
includes sodium, sulfur and calcium in amounts of from 10 ppm to 200 ppm, from 50 ppm to 500 ppm, and from 10 ppm to 200 ppm,
respectively.

US Pat. No. 9,286,410

ELECTRONIC DOCUMENT RETRIEVAL AND REPORTING USING PRE-SPECIFIED WORD/OPERATOR COMBINATIONS

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. One or more non-transitory computer-readable media storing instructions which, when processed by one or more processors,
cause:
a Web application generating and transmitting to a client device over one or more networks, one or more Web pages which, when
processed by a Web browser at the client device, provide a graphical user interface that allows a user to construct a query
and cause the query to be processed against electronic document data stored in an electronic document management system,

wherein the graphical user interface allows a user to construct the query by:
displaying a plurality of graphical user interface objects that visually indicate a plurality of pre-specified word/operator
combinations, wherein one or more pre-specified word/operator combinations from the plurality of pre-specified word/operator
combinations each includes a distance parameter that specifies a maximum allowable distance between words in the pre-specified
word/operator combination, and wherein selection of a particular graphical user interface object that corresponds to a particular
pre-specified word/operator combination from the plurality of pre-specified word/operator combinations causes the particular
pre-specified word/operator combination to be included in the query; and

wherein the graphical user interface allows a user to perform one or more of add a new word/operator combination to the plurality
of pre-specified word/operator combinations by specifying a word and corresponding operator, edit a pre-specified word/operator
combination from the plurality of pre-specified word/operator combinations or delete a pre-specified word/operator combination
from the plurality of pre-specified word/operator combinations.

US Pat. No. 9,278,548

PRINTING SYSTEM, PRINTING APPARATUS, AND PRINTED-MATTER PRODUCTION METHOD

RICOH COMPANY, LIMITED, ...

1. A printing apparatus comprising:
a first recording unit that ejects alkaline ink that includes negatively-charged pigments;
a plasma treatment unit configured to apply plasma treatment to a surface of a print medium; and
a first primer applying unit configured to apply primer treatment by applying treatment liquid that imparts an affinity for
the alkaline ink to the surface of the print medium having undergone the plasma treatment,

wherein the first recording unit is configured to perform recording by inkjet recording with the alkaline ink on the print
medium having undergone the primer treatment.

US Pat. No. 9,280,130

DEVELOPER CONTAINER, DEVELOPING DEVICE, PROCESS UNIT, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A detachable device to be detachably attached to an image forming apparatus, the detachable device comprising:
a container gear to be driven by a main body gear at a contact position;
a convex portion to insert into an image forming apparatus groove; and
a concave portion into which an image forming apparatus protrusion is inserted,
wherein, in a direction of a rotational shaft of the container gear, the convex portion is disposed at one side of the contact
position, and the concave portion is disposed on the other side.

US Pat. No. 9,800,748

AUTOMATIC DOCUMENT FEEDER, IMAGE READING DEVICE INCORPORATING THE AUTOMATIC DOCUMENT FEEDER, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCORPORATING THE IMAGE READING DEVICE

RICOH COMPANY LTD., Toky...

1. An automatic document feeder comprising:
a sheet conveying roller configured to convey an original document along a document conveying passage;
a document feeder cover openable between a closed state relative to the document conveying passage in which a document feeder
of the original document is defined and an open state in which the document feeder is checked;

a projection piece mounted on an inner face side of the document feeder cover corresponding to the document conveying passage;
a motor having an output shaft and configured to drive the sheet conveying roller;
a driving side gear mounted on the output shaft of the motor; and
a driving force transmission device, comprising:
an idler gear having a driving side meshing portion and configured to be meshed with the driving side gear;
a driving force release gear having a driven side meshing portion configured to be meshed with the driving side meshing portion;
a slide body configured to be pressed by the projection piece and slide when the document feeder cover is closed and brought
into contact with the projection piece;

a first elastic body being inserted between the idler gear and the driving force release gear and configured to bias the idler
gear and the driving force release gear in a direction to separate the idler gear and the driving force release gear from
each other;

a second elastic body being inserted between the driving force release gear and the slide body and configured to bias the
driving force release gear and the slide body in a direction to separate the driving force release gear and the slide body
from each other; and

a drive shaft on which the idler gear, the driving force release gear, the slide body, the first elastic body, and the second
elastic body are mounted coaxially,

the driving force transmission device configured to mesh the driving side meshing portion and the driven side meshing portion
together by pressing the driving force release gear against the idler gear with a biasing force applied by the second elastic
body at a first sliding position of the slide body when the document feeder cover is closed, and

the driving force transmission device configured to release engagement of the driving side meshing portion and the driven
side meshing portion by separating the driving force release gear from the idler gear with a biasing force applied by the
first elastic body at a second sliding position of the slide body when the document feeder cover is opened.

US Pat. No. 9,285,748

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Ricoh Company, Limited, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising;
a developing unit configured to form an image;
a detection unit configured to detect toner in the developing unit;
a measurement unit configured to make a measurement as to whether there is a full amount of toner or there is no toner in
the developing unit by using a detection history of the detection unit with regard to the toner;

a supplying unit configured to supply toner to the developing unit;
a toner-amount calculation unit configured to calculate, using image data to be printed, an amount of toner consumption that
is needed during printing;

an accumulation unit configured to calculate an accumulated amount of toner consumption by accumulating the amount of toner
consumption every time printing is conducted; and

a fault determination unit configured to determine, based on the accumulated amount of toner consumption, whether a measurement
result obtained by the measurement unit is normal or not as to whether there is a full amount of toner or there is no toner.

US Pat. No. 9,278,482

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR FABRICATING THREE-DIMENSIONAL OBJECT

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A three-dimensional object fabrication method to fabricate a three-dimensional object from a foamed material, comprising:
applying a solvent to dissolve the foamed material, the solvent being applied selectively based on data related to a shape
of the three-dimensional object to be molded;

partially dissolving and contracting the foamed material; and
molding a three-dimensional object from the foamed material.

US Pat. No. 9,337,234

PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERTER, PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERTER ARRAY AND IMAGING DEVICE

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ADV...

1. A photoelectric converter comprising:
a first pn junction having a photoelectric conversion function and comprised of at least two semiconductor regions of different
conductivity types; and

a first field-effect transistor including a first source, a first drain, and a first insulated gate, the first source connected
with one of the semiconductor regions, in which when either of the semiconductor region is exposed to light, a photocurrent
flows in the first pn junction, wherein:

the first field-effect transistor includes a same conductivity type channel as that of the one of the semiconductor regions;
the first drain of the first field-effect transistor is supplied with a second potential at which the first pn junction is
zero-biased or reverse-biased relative to the potential of the other of the semiconductor regions; and

by supplying, to the first insulated gate, a first gate potential which makes the first field-effect transistor conductive
when the first source reaches a first potential at which the one of the semiconductor regions becomes zero-biased or reverse-biased
relative to the other of the semiconductor regions, the photoelectric converter is configured to control saturation of the
first pn junction not to be biased by a deep forward voltage, even when either of the two semiconductor regions is exposed
to light.

US Pat. No. 9,085,182

DATA PROCESSING METHOD OF PRINTING APPARATUS AND THE PRINTING APPARATUS

SCREEN Holdings Co., Ltd....

1. A data processing method of a printing apparatus for printing a multi-color image on a printing medium by a first printing
head and a second printing head while transporting the printing medium relative to the first printing head and the second
printing head in a printing medium-feed direction, the first printing head being disposed upstream of the printing medium-feed
direction and the second printing head being spaced away from the first printing head and being disposed downstream of the
paper-feed direction, the method comprising:
a skew detecting step of detecting a degree of skew of the printing medium;
a correction printing-data generating step of shifting print data for performing multi-color image printing for every printing
color in a locatable area in a direction orthogonal with respect to the medium-feed direction in accordance with the degree
of skew to generate correction printing-data, the locatable area being set for locating the print data for the every printing
color; and

a printing step of performing printing on the printing medium with the first printing head and the second printing head in
accordance with the correction printing-data,

wherein in the correction printing-data generating step, the locatable area being set wider than a locatable area with no
skew, and a shift amount of the first printing head being larger than a shift amount of the second printing head in the printing
medium-feed direction and the direction orthogonal with respect to the printing medium-feed direction.

US Pat. No. 9,060,085

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, ELECTRONIC MAIL DELIVERY SERVER, AND INFORMATION PROCESSING APPARATUS

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:
an input unit configured to receive data of a document image read from a document;
an analysis unit configured to analyze attributes of data elements constituting the data and extract, from the data, the data
elements divided for each attribute;

a first operation display unit configured to display the extracted data elements and receive a selection of at least one data
element from the extracted data elements; and

a first communication unit configured to transmit the at least one data element for display on a second operation display
unit, the second operation display unit configured to display the at least one data element and receive a selection, from
the at least one data element, of at least one data element to be imported into an application running on an information processing
apparatus; and

wherein the first operation display unit is further configured to receive area-specifying input to specify an area corresponding
to data elements of the data to be displayed, and wherein the data elements divided for each attribute are divided based on
the area-specifying input.

US Pat. No. 9,667,815

INFORMATION PROCESSING SYSTEM, INFORMATION PROCESSING DEVICE, AND INFORMATION PROCESSING METHOD

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An information processing system comprising:
a plurality of first information processing devices; and
a second information processing device that is connected to the plurality of the first information processing devices through
a first network,

wherein each of the plurality of first information processing devices includes
a first registration unit configured to store, in a first storage unit, an identifier of a terminal and destination information
of the terminal while associating the identifier with the destination information, the identifier and the destination information
being transmitted from the terminal that is connected to the first information processing device through the network;

a receiver configured to receive, from the terminal, information including data identification information of data stored
in the terminal, the identifier of the terminal, and user identification information of a user of the terminal;

a second storage unit configured to store the information received by the receiver;
a second registration unit configured to store, in the second information processing device, the user identification information
received by the receiver and first information processing device identification information of the first information processing
device, while associating the user identification information with the first information processing device identification
information;

a retrieval unit configured to retrieve, in response to a request from a data retrieval device, the information including
the user identification information of the user from the second storage unit of the first information processing device corresponding
to the first information processing device identification information that is stored in the second information processing
device while associated with the user identification information of the user of the data retrieval device; and

a transmitter configured to transmit, for each of the retrieved information, the destination information stored in the first
storage unit, the destination information being associated with the identifier included in the information, and the data identification
information included in the information to the data retrieval device, and

wherein the data retrieval device is configured to retrieve the data based on the destination information.

US Pat. No. 9,279,566

LIGHT DEFLECTOR, LIGHT SOURCE DEVICE, IMAGE PROJECTING DEVICE, AND DISPLAY DEVICE

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A light deflector comprising:
a light-emitting element configured to emit a light beam with a substantially elliptical cross-sectional shape; and
a lens configured to directly receive light emitted from the light-emitting element to condense the light,
wherein an optical axis of the light-emitting element and an optical axis of the lens are parallel and non-overlapping and
a longitudinal axis of the light beam with the substantially elliptical cross-sectional shape is arranged in a direction orthogonal
to a direction in which the optical axis of the lens is decentered with respect to the optical axis of the light-emitting
element.

US Pat. No. 9,111,684

NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE STORAGE ELEMENT

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A non-aqueous electrolyte storage element, comprising:
a positive electrode which comprises a positive-electrode active material capable of intercalating or deintercalating anions;
a negative electrode which comprises a negative-electrode active material capable of storing or releasing metallic lithium
or lithium ion, or both thereof;

a first separator between the positive electrode and the negative electrode;
a non-aqueous electrolyte which comprises a non-aqueous solvent and a lithium salt dissolved in the non-aqueous solvent; and
an ion-exchange membrane between the first separator and the positive electrode, between the first separator and the negative
electrode, or between the first separator and the positive electrode and between the first separator and the negative electrode;

wherein the non-aqueous electrolyte storage element comprises an excess of lithium salt such that solid lithium salt is present
in the storage element upon completion of discharge of the storage element at 25° C. and a discharge voltage of 4.0 V.

US Pat. No. 9,081,339

FIXING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMATION DEVICE

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A fixing device communicatingly connected to a display device, installed in an image formation device to which electricity
is supplied by an electrical source, and having a fixing roller in which there is a heating source, wherein, the fixing roller
has a paper passing zone located in a middle portion of the fixing roller and non-paper passing zones, one located at each
end of the fixing roller, the fixing device comprising:
a first sensor used to detect a temperature of the paper passing zone to serve as a first temperature;
a second sensor used to detect a temperature of one of the non-paper passing zones to serve as a second temperature;
a first calculator used to calculate, during a process of starting the heating source, a surface temperature rise value based
on the first temperature in a predetermined time period to serve as a first temperature gradient;

a second calculator used to calculate, during the process of starting the heating source, a surface temperature rise value
based on the second temperature in the predetermined time period to serve as a second temperature gradient;

a parameter storage used to store at least first and second temperature gradient thresholds;
a determination part used to determine whether the second temperature gradient is greater than the second temperature gradient
threshold, wherein, if it is determined that the second temperature gradient is less than or equal to the second temperature
gradient threshold, then to determine that a voltage of the electrical source is too low, and to continue to determine at
least once whether the first temperature gradient is greater than the first temperature gradient threshold, so as to get a
determination result;

an information generation part used to generate, based on the determination result, restart prompt information indicating
that the image formation device needs to be restarted because the voltage of the electrical source is too low; and

an information transmission part used to transmit the restart prompt information to the display device.

US Pat. No. 9,414,045

STEREO CAMERA

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A stereo camera for measuring distance to an object, the stereo camera comprising:
an optical multiplexer to set a length of respective light paths of each of two images, having different spectrum properties
and having parallax, to a same length, and to superimpose each of the light paths of the two images to one light path to generate
a superimposed image;

an image capturing element to detect luminance of the two images having different spectrum properties;
an optical device to focus the superimposed image on the image capturing element; and
a distance computing unit to compute distance to the object using the parallax between the two images,
wherein the stereo camera further comprises a cross-talk removing unit to remove cross-talk between the two images having
the parallax.

US Pat. No. 9,370,937

INSPECTING CHART AND PRINTING APPARATUS

SCREEN Holdings Co., Ltd....

1. An inspecting chart for determining a correction value for correcting a skew or serpentine transportation of a print medium,
the inspecting chart comprising:
a reference pattern containing a first line segment group and a second line segment group, the first line segment group being
formed by a plurality of first line segments printed by a reference printing head on the print medium at a first given interval,
the first line segments each having a first line width parallel to a transportation direction of the print medium, the second
line segment being formed by second line segments printed by a printing head on a center between two adjacent first line segments
or a center of each of the first line segments, the printing head being spaced away from the reference printing head in the
transportation direction of the print medium, and the second line segments each having a second line width and being parallel
to the first line segments;

a first-side deviation pattern spaced away from the reference pattern in a direction orthogonal to the transportation direction
of the print medium, and including the first line segment group and a second line segment group, the second line segment group
being formed by the second line segments printed by a given deviation from the center between the two adjacent first line
segments or the center of each of the first line segments toward a first side of the direction orthogonal to the transportation
direction of the print medium; and

a second-side deviation pattern spaced away from the reference pattern in the direction orthogonal to the transportation direction
of the print medium opposite to the first-side deviation pattern across the reference pattern, and including the first line
segment group and a second line segment group, the second line segment group being formed by the second line segments printed
by a given deviation from the center between the two adjacent first line segments or the center of each of the first line
segments toward a second side of the direction orthogonal to the transportation direction of the print medium,

the first-side deviation pattern and the second-side deviation pattern being printed with various deviations.

US Pat. No. 9,298,122

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, IMAGE FORMING METHOD, AND METHOD OF PRODUCING PRINTED MATERIAL FOR GENERATING A PARALLEL LINE PATTERN OF UNIFORM CONCENTRATION

RICOH COMPANY, LIMITED, ...

1. An image forming apparatus that forms an image according to light emitted from a light source, comprising:
circuitry configured to function as
a pseudo-halftone processing unit that processes input image data to output image data of first resolution having a parallel
line pattern;

a resolution converting unit that converts the image data of the first resolution having the parallel line pattern into image
data of second resolution that is higher than the first resolution;

a modulation-signal generating unit that generates a modulation signal obtained by modulating the image data of the second
resolution according to a clock signal; and

a light-source driving unit that drives the light source according to the modulation signal, wherein
the pseudo-halftone processing unit converts a region of pixels having the same pixel value in the input image data into the
parallel line pattern that is formed with a plurality of parallel lines oblique relative to a direction of arrangement of
pixels to express concentration by an area ratio, and

the resolution converting unit smooths each edge of the lines forming the parallel line pattern after the image data of the
first resolution is converted into the image data of the second resolution.

US Pat. No. 9,242,482

PH DETECTING DEVICE, PRINTING SYSTEM, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING PRINTED MATERIAL

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A pH detecting device comprising:
a supplying unit to supply a pH indicator, with an inkjet head, to a surface of a material to be processed on which acidification
is performed;

a color information detector to detect color information of the pH indicator supplied to the surface of the material; and
a pH specifying unit to specify a pH value of the surface of the material based on the color information.

US Pat. No. 9,217,979

COOLING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCLUDING SAME

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:
a fixing device including a fixing rotator and a pressing rotator to fix toner on a recording material;
a recording-material cooling device to cool the recording material conveyed through the fixing device, the recording-material
cooling device including:

a first belt disposed at a first face side of the recording material and the first belt wound around rollers, the fixing rotator
and the pressing rotator not contacting the first belt;

a first cooler having a first heat absorbing surface to contact the first belt to absorb heat of the recording material and
cool the recording material, the first cooler within a loop of the first belt, the first cooler at an upstream side of a transport
direction of the recording material;

a second cooler having a second heat absorbing surface to directly or indirectly contact the recording material to absorb
heat of the recording material and cool the recording material, the second cooler disposed at a second face side of the recording
material, the second cooler at a downstream side of the transport direction of the recording material with respect to the
first cooler,

a third cooler having a third heat absorbing surface to contact the first belt to absorb heat of the recording material and
cool the recording material, the third cooler within the loop of the first belt, the third cooler at a downstream side of
the transport direction of the recording material with respect to the second cooler; and

wherein the first cooler, the second cooler and the third cooler are offset from each other in the transport direction of
the recording material,

each of the first heat absorbing surface of the first cooler, the second heat absorbing surface of the second cooler, and
the third heat absorbing surface of the third cooler has a shape in which an inner area protrudes beyond opposed ends in the
transport direction of the recording material, and

the first heat absorbing surface and the second heat absorbing surface overlap each other in a direction crossing the transport
direction of the recording material, and the second heat absorbing surface and the third heat absorbing surface overlap each
other in a direction crossing the transport direction of the recording material.

US Pat. No. 9,110,425

SHEET BINDING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCORPORATING SAME

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

14. A sheet binding device for binding together multiple sheets with adhesive toners, the sheet binding device comprising:
a control unit configured to receive a plurality of variables for bonding a plurality of sheets together, the plurality of
variables including at least a number of color toners used for forming an adhesive toner pattern, a bonding manner, a number
of pixels of the adhesive toner pattern, a toner area ratio of the adhesive toner pattern, and a layer thickness of the adhesive
toner pattern; and

a fusing device configured to fuse the formed adhesive toner pattern to bind the plurality of sheets together according to
a bonding strength, the bonding strength being determined based on the plurality of variables.

US Pat. No. 9,504,136

INVERTER DEVICE, PLASMA GENERATING DEVICE, SHEET-MEMBER REFORMING DEVICE, AND ALTERNATING-CURRENT VOLTAGE OUTPUT METHOD

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An inverter device comprising:
multiple inverters that switch input voltages by turning on and off respective switching elements to thereby apply excitation
currents to primary excitation windings of respective boosting transformers and output alternating current voltages from secondary
output windings of the respective boosting transformers, the multiple inverters having the same output characteristics, and

a common control circuit, on/off control of the switching elements of the inverters being performed by the same switching
signal output from the common control circuit wherein,

lengths of paths of the switching signal from the control circuit to the switching elements of the respective inverters and
inductances of the paths are equal to one another.

US Pat. No. 9,286,551

IMAGE CAPTURING DEVICE THAT IMAGES A REGION INCLUDING A REFERENCE CHART AND A SUBJECT

RICOH COMPANY, LIMITED, ...

1. An image capturing device comprising:
a reference chart;
a sensor that images a region including the reference chart and a subject located outside the image capturing device; and
illumination light sources that are arranged on both sides of the sensor, wherein
an intermediate region between the reference chart and the subject is positioned on an axis passing through a center line
connecting centers of the illumination light sources and perpendicular to light emission surfaces of the illumination light
sources.

US Pat. No. 9,888,541

DEVICE CONTROL SYSTEM, INFORMATION PROCESSING APPARATUS, AND NON-TRANSITORY RECORDING MEDIUM

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A device control system including a detecting apparatus configured to detect an object in a predetermined space, and an
information processing apparatus configured to control an illuminating apparatus based on a detection result of the object,
the device control system comprising:
an obtaining unit configured to obtain, from the detecting apparatus, information relating to an illuminance in the predetermined
space; and

a control unit configured to control, when the illuminance in the predetermined space falls below a first targeted illuminance,
the illuminating apparatus so that the illuminance in the predetermined space becomes a second targeted illuminance that is
greater than the first targeted illuminance,

wherein when the illuminance in the predetermined space exceeds the second targeted illuminance for a time longer than a threshold
time, the control unit controls the illuminating apparatus so that the illuminance in the predetermined space becomes the
second targeted illuminance.

US Pat. No. 9,575,532

DEVICE, METHOD, AND SYSTEM FOR REPORTING DEVICE STATE INFORMATION TO A SERVER

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. An electronic device connected to a server device, the electronic device comprising:
processing circuitry programmed to
detect a state of the electronic device,
generate third information in which first information that is information indicating the state of the electronic device and
second information that is information indicating time of detection are associated with each other,

register the third information in a memory in order of generation,
perform, when power supply to the electronic device is started, control to transmit latest third information among one or
more pieces of the third information stored in the memory, to the server device, as stop information related to time at which
the electronic device was stopped, and

perform, when the power supply to the electronic device is started, control to further transmit third information having first
information indicating the state of the electronic device detected after the start of power supply and second information
indicating a detection time associated with each other, to the server device, as activation information related to time at
which the electronic device was activated.

US Pat. No. 9,300,630

RELAY APPARATUS, INFORMATION PROCESSING SYSTEM AND METHOD

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An information processing system including a plurality of apparatuses connectable via different networks, the information
processing system comprising:
a request receiver to receive a terminal request including a plurality of apparatus identification information, transmitted
from a communication terminal, the apparatus identification information being used for identifying each of the plurality of
apparatuses;

a request processor to accumulate the received terminal request into one of a plurality of request accumulation units that
corresponds to one of the apparatus identification information included in the terminal request;

a request transmitter to, in response to receiving an obtaining request for obtaining a terminal request from an apparatus
identified by the apparatus identification information, transmit the terminal request accumulated in the request accumulation
unit to the apparatus;

a result receiver to receive a process result of the terminal request from the apparatus; and
a result transmitter to transmit the received process result to the communication terminal,
wherein, among the plurality of apparatus identification information included in the terminal request, the request processor
compares the plurality of apparatus identification information, and specific apparatus identification information of a first
apparatus from which a process result is received, deletes apparatus identification information that matches the specific
apparatus identification information, from the terminal request, and transfers the terminal request from a first request accumulation
unit corresponding to apparatus identification information of the first apparatus, from which the process result is received,
to a second request accumulation unit corresponding to apparatus identification information of a second apparatus, from which
a process result is not yet received.

US Pat. No. 9,442,429

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND METHOD OF SWITCHING COLLECTED DEVELOPER ROUTE IN IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:
an image bearer to bear a latent image;
a developing device to develop the latent image with developer;
a transfer device to transfer a developed image from the image bearer onto a recording medium;
a waste-developer container to contain developer to be disposed;
a developer collecting device to collect developer from the image bearer, the developer collecting device including:
a collected-developer conveyor to transport collected developer collected from the image bearer in the developer collecting
device,

a waste channel leading to the waste-developer container,
a reuse channel through which the collected developer for reuse is transported, and
a channel switching member to switch a collected developer route between the waste channel and the reuse channel;
a switching determiner to determine whether to dispose or reuse the collected developer;
an operating condition data collector to collect and store operating condition data used as a degradation speed index of developer
in the developing device;

a determination type selector to select, according to the degradation speed index collected by the operating condition data
collector, a determination type used in determination of whether to dispose or reuse the collected developer from:

a first determination type based on an operating amount of the image forming apparatus, and
a second determination type based on developer replacement data indicating an amount of developer replaced with supplied developer
in the developing device; and

a switching controller to control the channel switching member according to determination made by the switching determiner,
wherein the determination type selector is configured to select the first determination type when the degradation speed index
indicates that the degradation speed is equal to or relatively higher than a threshold, and wherein the determination type
selector is configured to select the second determination type when the degradation speed index indicates that the degradation
speed is relatively lower than the threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,360,824

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND PROCESS CARTRIDGE

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:
an image bearer;
a charger to charge a surface of the image bearer;
an irradiator to irradiate the charged surface of the image bearer with light to form an electrostatic latent image thereon;
a developing device to develop the electrostatic latent image with a toner to form a toner image, the toner including:
a mother particle including a binder resin and a colorant; and
one or more external additives, at least one of the external additives including primary particles having a number average
particle diameter in the range of 0.05 to 0.30 ?m;

a transfer device to transfer the toner image onto a transfer medium; and
a cleaner to remove toner particles remaining on the image bearer without being transferred, the cleaner including:
an elastic body blade, the elastic body blade having a contact part with the image bearer, the contact part having a surface
elastic modulus in the range of 15 to 25 N/mm2 and a surface friction coefficient in the range of 0.5 to 0.7.

US Pat. No. 9,060,078

PRINTER CONSISTENCY MEASUREMENT, EVALUATION AND CORRECTION

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A system for objective, quantitative assessment of quality of output by a target print device, said system comprising:
a control part that supplies image data to the target print device to cause the target print device to print a test pattern
on a contiguous area of a test form, the contiguous area being segmented into plural elements in a primary scan direction
and plural elements in a secondary scan direction, the image data being constituted by constant tone across the contiguous
area in both the primary scan direction and the secondary scan direction;

a test pattern reading part that reads the test pattern on the contiguous area of the test form, and outputs spectral data
including measurements for the plural elements in the primary scan direction and measurements for the plural elements in the
secondary scan direction;

an analysis part that calculates a first numerical quantitative score by comparing the measurements of a specific column of
one or more elements, arranged in the primary scan direction, amongst the plural elements with the measurements of an adjacent
column of one or more adjacent elements, arranged in the primary scan direction, and calculates a second numerical quantitative
score by comparing the measurements of a specific row of one or more elements, arranged in the secondary scan direction, amongst
the plural elements with the measurements of an adjacent row of one or more adjacent elements, arranged in the secondary scan
direction; and

a corrective action determining part that compares the first and second numerical quantitative scores to a quantitative score
baseline, for determining one or more corrective actions to be performed on the target print device, based on results of the
comparison.

US Pat. No. 9,692,917

OPERATING INFORMATION STORING SYSTEM, OPERATING INFORMATION STORING METHOD, AND NON-TRANSITORY COMPUTER READABLE RECORDING MEDIUM STORING AN OPERATING INFORMATION STORING METHOD FOR STORING INFORMATION FROM VOLATILE MEMORY TO NON-V

Ricoh Company Ltd., Toky...

1. An operating information storing system, comprising:
a master apparatus; and
a plurality of slave apparatuses;
wherein the master apparatus includes,
a first nonvolatile memory;
a first processor configured to:
exchange information between the master apparatus and at least one of the plurality of slave apparatuses
acquire operating information generated by each of the plurality of slave apparatuses in accordance with operation of each
of the slave apparatuses;

store the acquired operating information in the first nonvolatile memory; and
determine whether at least one operating information among the acquired operating information indicates specific operating
information; and

a first transmitter configured to transfer a rule of storing operating information to store the specific operating information
to each of the plurality of slave apparatuses if the first processor determines that the operating information indicates the
specific operating information; and

each of the plurality slave apparatuses includes:
a second volatile memory;
a second processor configured to store operating information generated in accordance with operation of the slave apparatus
itself in the second volatile memory sequentially; and

a second transmitter configured to transfer the operating information stored in the second volatile memory to the master apparatus,
and

the second processor is further configured to stores the specific operating information in the second volatile memory until
the second transmitter transfers the generated specific operating information based on the rule transferred by the first transmitter
if the specific operating information is generated in accordance with the operation of the slave apparatus, and

prevent operating information with high priority from being overwritten even if all operating information stored in the second
volatile memory is not transferred to the first nonvolatile memory based on the rule transferred by the first transmitter.

US Pat. No. 9,568,879

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Ricoh Company Ltd., Toky...

9. An image forming apparatus comprising:
an apparatus body;
a sheet container detachably attachable to the apparatus body, the sheet container configured to accommodate recording media
therein;

an image forming part configured to form an image on each of the recording media accommodated in the sheet container;
a sheet feeding rotary body configured to rotate about a rotary shaft thereof and feed the recording media from the sheet
container;

a sheet separating rotary body connected to the sheet container and detachably attachable to the apparatus body together with
the sheet container, the sheet separating rotary body contacting the sheet feeding rotary body and rotating about a rotary
shaft thereof with the sheet feeding rotary body with a sheet separation nip region formed therebetween; and

a load resistance applying mechanism including a pressing unit configured to press against the rotary shaft of the sheet feeding
rotary body to apply a rotational load to the sheet feeding rotary body, the rotational load resisting rotation of the sheet
feeding rotary body in response to a contact force generated when the sheet container is inserted in the apparatus body such
that the sheet separating rotary body comes into contact with the sheet feeding rotary body while a driving motor does not
apply a rotation driving force to the sheet feeding rotary body, wherein

the sheet container is configured to pull out from the image forming apparatus through an end of the main body at which the
separating rotary body is located during operation such that the sheet separation nip region is released when the sheet container
is pulled out from the image forming apparatus.

US Pat. No. 9,352,922

WEB CONVEYING DEVICE, PRINTING APPARATUS, AND TENSION CONTROL METHOD

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A web conveying device comprising:
a conveying mechanism to convey a web;
a tension generating mechanism to impart tension to the web fed to the conveying mechanism, the tension generating mechanism
including:

a tension generating roller to be rotationally driven by a motor about a rotation shaft eccentrically positioned;
a first sensor to detect a rotational position of the tension generating roller;
a pressing roller to press the web to the tension generating roller;
a tension guide to rotate according to degree of tension generated on the web by the tension generating roller and the pressing
roller; and

a second sensor to detect a rotational position of the tension guide; and
a controller configured to control the rotational position of the tension generating roller by controlling the motor according
to detection signals of the first sensor and the second sensor,

wherein the controller causes the rotational position of the tension generating roller to be changed depending on a width
of the web at time of the beginning of conveyance of the web, controls the motor according to the detection signal of the
second sensor such that the tension guide maintains its position within a predetermined range during conveyance of the web,
causes last position data in a period in which position data of the motor continuously changes to be stored, calculates an
initial operational position of the tension generating roller using the last position data and a predetermined correction
coefficient, and sets the calculated initial operational position as an initial operational position of the tension generating
roller at time of the beginning of next conveyance of the web.

US Pat. No. 9,354,593

CABINET STRUCTURE, ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Ricoh Company, Limited, ...

1. A cabinet structure comprising:
multiple cover members configured to spatially partition an inside from an outside of a cabinet, the multiple cover members
including two cover members adjacent to each other and having a clearance therebetween, the clearance communicating between
the inside and the outside of the cabinet, wherein

a passage defined by the clearance and leading from the inside to the outside of the cabinet through the clearance has a shape
with multiple bends, and

a protrusion on a surface of at least one of the two cover members leaves the clearance therebetween at a portion at which
surfaces of the cover members overlap with each other with the clearance therebetween, the protrusion contacting the surface
of the other one of the cover members.

US Pat. No. 9,316,977

FIXING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A fixing device comprising:
an exciting coil to generate a magnetic flux;
a heat generation layer disposed opposite the exciting coil to generate heat by the magnetic flux from the exciting coil;
a temperature sensitive magnetic body disposed opposite the exciting coil via the heat generation layer, the temperature sensitive
magnetic body to obtain and lose magnetism at a temperature defined by a Curie temperature by composition adjustment to selectively
create a heating region and a non-heating region of the heat generation layer; and

a degausser made of a non-magnetic material having an electrical resistivity smaller than an electrical resistivity of the
temperature sensitive magnetic body, the degausser disposed opposite the exciting coil with an interval in a range of from
about 4.2 mm to about 8.2 mm,

wherein the heat generation layer and the temperature sensitive magnetic body are tubular,
wherein the degausser includes an opposed face disposed opposite the exciting coil and contoured to correspond to an inner
circumferential surface of the temperature sensitive magnetic body, and

wherein the opposed face of the degausser is arcuate.

US Pat. No. 9,298,121

OPTICAL SCANNING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

RICOH COMPANY, LIMITED, ...

1. An optical scanning device comprising:
a light source configured to emit a light beam;
a rotary deflector configured to perform optical scanning by reflecting and deflecting the light beam emitted from the light
source while rotating;

an optical system forming member configured to form a path of the light beam; and
a resonator having a resonance frequency corresponding to a sound generated by rotational drive of the rotary deflector,
wherein the rotary deflector is installed in a closed space, and
the resonator is installed so that the sound within the closed space is absorbed.

US Pat. No. 9,286,014

INFORMATION PROCESSING APPARATUS AND RECORDING MEDIUM

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An information processing apparatus for creating drawing data based on a printing job, comprising:
a plurality of drawing data creating units configured to create respective drawing data based on the printing job;
a determining unit configured to determine, through an analysis of the printing job, a drawing data creating unit from the
drawing data creating units to create a drawing datum based on the printing job; and

a screen displaying unit configured to display, in respective manners, a content of the printing job with a plurality of display
screens associated with the drawing data creating units, in a case where the determining unit fails to select any one of the
drawing data creating units.

US Pat. No. 9,288,360

SUPPRESSING PRINT VERIFICATION OF A PRINTED PAGE

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An apparatus comprising:
a print verification system configured to perform a verification process that analyzes printed pages of a printer for print
errors, to receive a rasterized page from the printer, to analyze a predetermined location of the rasterized page for a bypass
symbol, and to bypass the verification process for a printed page that corresponds with the rasterized page responsive to
detecting the bypass symbol in the predetermined location.

US Pat. No. 9,298,574

DEVICE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM INCLUDING REPORTER SERVER

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A system for reporting device management information in a network environment, said system comprising:
plural device data collection units, each device data collection unit amongst the plural device data collection units collecting
device data from a corresponding plurality of network devices associated with the device data collection unit;

one or more core management units, each core management unit of the core management units being associated with a corresponding
group of collection units from amongst the plural device data collection units, and the core management unit communicating
with the group of associated collection units to manage and maintain persistent device data collected from the associated
collection units;

a device data store that stores the persistent device data collected from the plural device data collection units; and
a reporting unit including a report interface part to provide a user interface to another device to receive device parameter
criteria, input by a user of said another device, to specify types of device data to be collected from the plurality of network
devices and to be uploaded to the device data store and cause the one or more core management units to upload device data
of the types corresponding to the specified device parameter criteria to the device data store,

wherein the report interface part operates to receive a data access request from an external device external to the network
environment, authenticate the data access request from the external device, and upon authentication, provide requested data
in the device data store to the external device, in response to the data access request from the external device,

wherein the requested data provided by the reporting unit in response to the data access request from the external device
includes information indicating whether an error or problem exists or has occurred at one or more of the network devices and
information regarding the properties of the device.

US Pat. No. 9,298,146

FIXING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

RICOH COMPANY, LIMITED, ...

1. A fixing device comprising:
a rotatable fixing member formed as an endless belt;
a heat source to heat the fixing member;
a nip-forming member being not rotatable and arranged inside the fixing member; and
a pressure member arranged outside the fixing member so as to face the nip-forming member, the pressure member forming a nip
between the pressure member and the fixing member, wherein

the fixing device causes a recording medium bearing an unfixed image to pass through the nip to fix the unfixed image to the
recording medium,

the nip-forming member is formed of a first heat transmission unit and a sheet,
the first heat transmission unit includes an abutting part abutting the fixing member with the sheet therebetween, and a bent
part or bent parts extending inside the fixing member at upstream or upstream and downstream of the nip in a transport direction
of the recording medium, and

a retaining part to catch and retain the sheet is provided at a tip of at least the bent part at upstream of the nip in the
transport direction of the recording medium.

US Pat. No. 9,301,326

WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM, WIRELESS COMMUNICATION METHOD, AND WIRELESS TERMINAL

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A wireless communication system, comprising:
a first wireless terminal including
a first storage that stores a predefined first wireless setting including an IP address of the first wireless terminal and
wireless communication parameters,

a first memory that stores a first program, and
a first processor that executes the first program to implement
a first network control unit that sets the first wireless setting stored in the first storage as a current wireless setting
of the first wireless terminal,

a generating unit that generates identification information including a unique identifier of the first wireless terminal,
and

a first wireless communication unit that transmits a signal including the generated identification information; and
a second wireless terminal including
a second storage that stores one or more predefined second wireless settings each including an IP address and wireless communication
parameters, the second wireless settings having been stored in the second storage in advance of the transmission of the signal
including the identification information and having never been transmitted from the first wireless terminal,

a second memory that stores a second program, and
a second processor that executes the second program to implement
a second wireless communication unit that receives the signal transmitted by the first wireless communication unit,
an extracting unit that extracts the unique identifier included in the identification information from the received signal,
and

a second network control unit that
identifies a second wireless setting corresponding to the first wireless setting from the second wireless settings stored
in the second storage based on the extracted unique identifier, and

sets the identified second wireless setting as a current wireless setting of the second wireless terminal and establishes
a wireless connection with the first wireless terminal based on the identified second wireless setting.

US Pat. No. 9,246,110

ORGANIC MATERIAL AND PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION ELEMENT

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. An organic material represented by the following General Formula (1):

where in the General Formula (1), R1 and R2, which may be identical to or different from each other, each represent an alkyl group having 4 to 24 carbon atoms, X represents
a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic hydrocarbon group, Y represents an aromatic hydrocarbon group, an alkoxyl group, or
an alkyl group, which may be substituted with a substituent, and n represents an integer of 1 to 3.

US Pat. No. 9,221,272

OPTICAL SCANNING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. An optical scanning device that forms images on a plurality of photoconductors, the optical scanning device comprising:
a light-source unit that emits four light beams, each light beam corresponding to a respective one of the photoconductors;
a deflector that rotates about a rotational axis and deflects the four light beams from the light-source unit, wherein the
four light beams are all simultaneously deflected by the same surface of the deflector as each other; and

an image-forming optical system that causes the light beams deflected by the deflector to each form a spot image on a corresponding
scan target surface of each one of the photoconductors, the image-forming optical system including scanning lenses arranged
on optical paths of the four light beams from the deflector to corresponding ones of the scan target surfaces, wherein

the four light beams enter the deflector obliquely with respect to a plane extending orthogonal to the rotational axis of
the deflector,

a first light beam and a second light beam of the four light beams enter the deflector obliquely such that the first and second
light beams travel in first directions to one side of the plane orthogonal to the rotational axis of the deflector, wherein
the first and second light beams are present in an area to the one side of the plane orthogonal to the rotational axis of
the deflector as the first and second light beams approach the deflector, the area to the one side of the plane being spaced
from the plane in the direction of the rotational axis of the deflector,

a third light beam and a fourth light beam of the four light beams enter the deflector obliquely such that the third and fourth
light beams travel in second directions to the other side of the plane orthogonal to the rotational axis of the deflector,
wherein the third and fourth light beams are present in an area to the other side of the plane orthogonal to the rotational
axis of the deflector as the third and fourth light beams approach the deflector, the area to the other side of the plane
being spaced from the plane in the direction of the rotational axis of the deflector,

wherein the scanning lenses are arranged such that a direction of a curve in a scan line entering the scanning lenses is opposite,
and to approximately the same degree, between scan lines of the first and second light beams on the one side of the plane
orthogonal to the rotational axis of the deflector and between scan lines of the third and fourth light beams on the other
side of the plane orthogonal to the rotational axis of the deflector, and

a difference between A1 and A2 and a difference between A3 and A4 are an odd number, A1 being a number of reflection mirrors that reflect the beam in a sub-scanning direction that are arranged on an optical path
of the first light beam from the deflector to a corresponding one of the scan target surfaces, A2 being a number of the reflection mirrors that reflect the beam in a sub-scanning direction that are arranged on an optical
path of the second light beam from the deflector to a corresponding one of the scan target surfaces, A3 being a number of the reflection mirrors that reflect the beam in a sub-scanning direction that are arranged on an optical
path of the third light beam from the deflector to a corresponding one of the scan target surfaces, and A4 being a number of the reflection mirrors that reflect the beam in a sub-scanning direction that are arranged on an optical
path of the fourth light beam from the deflector to a corresponding one of the scan target surfaces.

US Pat. No. 10,031,441

DEVELOPING DEVICE, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND PROCESS CARTRIDGE INCORPORATING SAME

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A developing device comprising:a developer bearer to bear developer;
a developer containing compartment disposed lower than the developer bearer;
a conveying screw disposed in the developer containing compartment;
an inclined face extending from an inner wall of the developer containing compartment obliquely upward toward the developer bearer, the inclined face opposing the conveying screw from above; and
a developer regulator disposed opposite the developer bearer across a regulation gap to adjust an amount of the developer borne on a surface of the developer bearer, wherein the inclined face extends proximate to an end of the developer regulator defining the regulation gap.

US Pat. No. 9,354,589

CLEANER, IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS USING THE CLEANER, AND VOLTAGE SETTING DEVICE

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:
an image bearing member;
a toner image forming device to form a toner image on the image bearing member using a toner;
a transferring device to transfer the toner image on the image bearing member to either an intermediate transfer medium or
a recording medium at a transfer position;

a recording medium feeding member to feed the recording medium to the transfer position;
a cleaner including at least two cleaning brush members to electrostatically remove residual toner particles after a transferring
process or a non-transferred toner image from a surface of any of the image bearing member, the intermediate transfer medium,
and a feeding belt;

a memory to store setup voltage values;
a voltage applicator to apply voltages to the cleaning brush members based on a voltage values stored in the memory;
a current detector to detect amounts of current flowing through contact portions of any of the image bearing member, the intermediate
transfer medium, and the feeding belt with the cleaning brush members; and

a setup voltage changing device to change the setup voltages based on the amounts of current detected by the current detector,
the setup voltage changing device performing change of the setup voltage values for the cleaning brush members at a predetermined
time and performing the setup voltage changing process for a first voltage for removing the non-transferred toner image prior
to the setup voltage changing process for a second voltage for removing a residual toner particles.

US Pat. No. 9,319,549

INFORMATION PROCESSING SYSTEM, INFORMATION PROCESSING APPARATUS, AND INFORMATION PROCESSING METHOD

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

16. An information processing method implemented by an information processing system including an information processing apparatus
operated by a user, at least one service providing apparatus that provides a storage service, a mobile terminal including
an access function for accessing the storage service, a server apparatus including a workflow for executing at least one process
with respect to data, and a processor, in communication with a memory, for executing the information processing method comprising:
a selection step of selecting the workflow with respect to the data;
an acquisition step of acquiring authentication information used for accessing the storage service from the mobile terminal
which can access the storage service; and

an instruction step of instructing an execution of a communication process of exchanging the data with the service providing
apparatus using the authentication information when the workflow selected includes the communication process.

US Pat. No. 9,292,459

OPERATION ANALYSIS APPARATUS, OPERATION ANALYSIS METHOD, AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT

RICOH COMPANY, LIMITED, ...

1. An operation analysis apparatus for analyzing operation of an arbitration unit included in an image forming apparatus comprising
a storage unit, the arbitration unit configured to control access to the storage unit, and a plurality of image processing
units configured to be connected to the arbitration unit, access the storage unit via the arbitration unit, and perform respective
different pieces of image processing on image data, the operation analysis apparatus comprising:
a test circuit configured to monitor which of the image processing units the arbitration unit permits access to the storage
unit;

a log generation unit configured to, in response to the fact that the access monitoring unit detects that the arbitration
unit has switched the image processing unit with access to the storage unit permitted, generate information on the image processing
unit with access permitted as a log;

a log storage unit configured to store therein the generated log;
a remaining capacity determination unit configured to determine whether the storage capacity of the log storage unit after
storing the log has become equal to or smaller than a desired capacity;

a selection unit configured to receive selection of the image processing unit; and
the log generation unit, in response to the fact that the access monitoring unit detects start of access to the storage unit
by the selected image processing unit, is configured to start the generation of the log.

US Pat. No. 9,268,505

PROCESS MANAGEMENT SYSTEM, INFORMATION PROCESSING APPARATUS AND INFORMATION PROCESSING SYSTEM

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A process management system comprising:
an information processing apparatus connected to a plurality of networks each of which is provided in respective one of organizations
to which a plurality of users belong and having a processing device to be used by the users, each organization belonging to
one of a plurality of groups,

wherein the information processing apparatus includes a computer that executes a program to perform a managing process to
manage a process performed by the processing devices in the networks, the managing process including:

managing one or more users that belong to an organization based on user management information including organization information,
user information and upper limit management information by associating with each other, said organization information, user
information and upper limit management information being associated with each other in the user management information, the
organization information for uniquely identifying each of the organizations, the user information for uniquely identifying
each of the users each organization, the upper limit management information for managing an upper limit of an amount of process
performed by each processing device for the each of the users;

holding coordinate organization information to manage a plurality of groups of the organization information;
specifying an organization information that belongs to a same group as a group of organization information of an organization
that manages a processing device that is used by the each of the users;

receiving:
first specifying information that is input by a user that uses a processing device, said first specifying information specifying
an organization of the user,

the user information, and
second specifying information that specifies an organization that manages the processing device;
authenticating a login from the processing device that belongs to an organization different from that of the user when first
and second conditions are met,

the first condition being met when first organization information that is specified based on the first specifying information
and second organization information that is specified based on the second specifying information are managed in the same group,
and

the second condition being met when the specified first organization information and the received user information are authenticated
based on the user management information, and

acquiring when a user, who is managed in the same group as a desired processing device and whose login is authenticated, makes
a process request at the desired processing device, the upper limit management information from the user management information,
and determining whether the process requested by the user is executable within the upper limit amount of process given to
the user based on the acquired upper limit management information.

US Pat. No. 9,218,224

ELECTRONIC APPARATUS, INFORMATION PROCESSING METHOD, AND RECORDING MEDIUM STORING INFORMATION PROCESSING PROGRAM

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A hardware apparatus in which an application program is installable, the hardware apparatus comprising:
a processor configured to implement
an installing unit that installs a first application program including a method in the hardware apparatus,
an interface information extracting unit that analyzes an intermediate code of the first application program during the installation
of the first application program and extracts interface information of the method from the intermediate code of the first
application program to generate a data defined so as to provide an interface for the method, the method corresponding to identification
information for accessing a Web service, and

an interface providing unit that deploys the Web service as the interface for the method based on the data defined so as to
provide the interface for the method after an activation of the installed first application program is started; and

a display unit for receiving a request for executing a second application program that is a plug-in for carrying out a functionality
expansion of the hardware apparatus so as to use a part of the function of the first application program and is additionally
installed in the hardware apparatus,

wherein the interface providing unit calls the method of the first application program corresponding to the identification
information in response to a SOAP request including the identification information of the method sent from the second application
to the interface providing unit,

wherein when the display unit receives the request for executing the second application program, the second application program
sends the identification information for accessing the Web service to the interface providing unit, the interface providing
unit calls the method designated by the identification information from the Web service, the first application program is
performed so as to process the method and returns a processed result to the Web service, the Web service returns the processed
result to the interface providing unit, the interface providing unit returns a SOAP response including the processed result
to the second application program, and the second application program changes a display state of the display unit in response
to the processed result.

US Pat. No. 9,186,920

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS WITH MEDIUM HOLDING DEVICES RETRACTABLE TO ACCESS TRANSPORT PATH

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:
a roll holding device to hold a roll of recording medium;
an image forming device configured to form an image on a print medium unwound, and as a continuum, from the roll of recording
medium held by the roll holding device;

a transporting device configured to transport the unwound print medium in a medium transporting direction and to transport
the print medium along a transport path facing the image forming device;

a first medium holding device separated from the image forming device, and disposed upstream of the image forming device in
the medium transporting direction, and configured to hold the print medium on the transport path and to rotate in a first
rotation direction to retract to an open position for opening the transport path to view and access the print medium as a
continuum from the roll of recording medium held by the roll holding device; and

a second medium holding device separated from the image forming device, and disposed downstream of the image forming device
in the medium transporting direction in which the print medium having the image formed thereon by the image forming device
is transported, and configured to hold the print medium on the transport path and to rotate in a second rotation direction
different from the first rotation direction, to retract to an open position for opening the transport path.

US Pat. No. 9,089,064

OPERATING SECTION STRUCTURE, IMAGE PROCESSING APPARATUS, AND INFORMATION PROCESSING APPARATUS

Ricoh Company, Limited, ...

1. An operating section structure, comprising:
an authentication device mounting unit for mounting an authentication device; and
an operation panel having a display surface, wherein:
the authentication device mounting unit has a contact surface, in which an IC card is brought into contact,
the authentication device mounting unit includes an authentication device mounting surface for mounting the authentication
device,

the authentication device mounting surface of the authentication device mounting unit is a bottom surface of a concave portion,
a cable-like wire is connected to a rear side of the authentication device and an opening which is formed on a rear side of
the concave portion facing the rear side of the authentication device to pass the cable-like wire therethrough, and

in a state when the authentication device is mounted on the authentication device mounting surface, the rear side of the authentication
device contacts with the rear side of the concave portion, the cable-like wire passes through the opening, and a clearance
is formed between left and right sides of the concave portion and sides of the authentication device.

US Pat. No. 10,133,223

ANGLE ESTIMATOR, MOTOR CONTROLLER, MOTOR DRIVER, MOTOR DRIVING SYSTEM, IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, AND CONVEYANCE DEVICE

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. An angle estimator comprising:correction means for correcting a phase of an error parameter to obtain a corrected error parameter, the error parameter being a function of an angle error representing a difference between an actual angle of a motor and an estimated angle of the motor; and
estimation means for calculating an estimated speed and an estimated angle of the motor based on the corrected error parameter.

US Pat. No. 9,299,321

MULTI-PROJECTION SYSTEM

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A multi-projection system, comprising:
a plurality of projectors, each one of the projectors useable for projecting each one of divided images onto a corresponding
each one of projection positions mutually different in an image projection area to project an image composed of the divided
images;

a plurality of image capturing devices, each one of the image capturing devices disposed for each one of the projectors, to
capture the divided image projected by each one of the projector and a surrounding area of the divided image;

a projection position identification unit to identify a projection position of at least one or more of the plurality of projectors
based on a plurality of captured image information acquired by capturing position discriminating images projected by the plurality
of projectors onto mutually different projection positions and a surrounding area of the position discriminating images in
the image projection area;

a receiving unit to receive a given signal transmitted from each one of the plurality of projectors;
a number identification unit to identify the number of the plurality of projectors based on a reception result of the given
signal by the receiving unit;

a determination unit to determine the position discriminating images to be projected by each one of the plurality of projectors
based on an identification result of the number identification unit; and

a projection processing execution unit to execute a process of projection of the position discriminating images determined
by the determination unit to the plurality of projectors.

US Pat. No. 9,277,084

DATA PROCESSING DEVICE, DATA PROCESSING SYSTEM, AND DATA PROCESSING METHOD

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A data processing device comprising:
a memory configured to store a program; and
a processor configured to execute the program to perform a process including
receiving and storing data in a first storage;
acquiring the data stored in the first storage and sequentially executing one or a plurality of process units with respect
to the acquired data;

storing data corresponding to an execution result obtained up to one of the plurality of process units, when the one of the
plurality of process units executed by the acquiring is suspended;

moving the data stored in the second storage to the first storage in response to receiving a request to process the data stored
in the second storage;

sending list information of the data stored in the second storage to another device that is coupled to the data processing
device via a network; and

receiving, from the other device, information indicating a data item selected from the list information, wherein
the acquiring executes the one or the plurality of process units from and beyond the one of the plurality of process units
that has been suspended, with respect to the data moved from the second storage to the first storage, and

the moving moves the data item indicated by the information received by the receiving, from the second storage to the first
storage.

US Pat. No. 9,712,707

INFORMATION PROCESSING APPARATUS AND USER DETECTION METHOD

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. An information processing apparatus for detecting a first user and a second user that approaches the information processing
apparatus by using a plurality of detection devices including a first detection device and a second detection device which
is different from the first detection device, the information processing apparatus comprising:
a second user determination unit configured to determine that a user detected by the first detection device is the second
user, in a case where a certain time period has elapsed since the first detection device detects the user, at which the first
user has been detected, the second detection device not detecting the user during the certain time period.

US Pat. No. 9,421,803

IMAGE PROCESSOR AND IMAGE PROCESSING METHOD

Screen Holdings Co., Ltd....

1. An image processor for generating dotted image data by performing screening processing for forming dots to continuous tone
image data, the image processor comprising:
a screening data storage device storing a plurality of types of dotted pattern data for use in the screening processing to
each of a plurality of images represented by the continuous tone image data;

a screening output density correcting device performing output density correction to the plurality of types of dotted pattern
data when the continuous tone image data is processed for printing; and

a dotted image data generating device generating dotted image data with a corrected output density from the continuous tone
image data by performing the screening processing to each of the plurality of images represented by the continuous tone image
data using the plurality of types of dotted pattern data subjected to the output density correction.

US Pat. No. 9,207,595

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, METHOD OF SETTING FIXING TEMPERATURE, AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT

Ricoh Company, Limited, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:
an identification information acquiring unit that acquires identification information to identify a user;
a usage history information acquiring unit that acquires usage history information for the user specified by the identification
information;

an output setting forecasting unit that forecasts output setting for image forming used by the user based on the usage history
information; and

a fixing temperature setting unit that varies based on the identified user, and sets a fixing temperature based on the forecasted
output setting.

US Pat. No. 9,311,031

APPROACH FOR PRINTING POLICY-ENABLED ELECTRONIC DOCUMENTS USING LOCKED PRINTING AND A SHARED MEMORY DATA STRUCTURE

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A printing device comprising:
a user interface configured to display information to users and receive user input from the users;
a shared memory;
a locked print module configured to:
examine PDF print data received by the printing device to determine whether an electronic document contained in the PDF print
data is a policy-enabled document,

if the electronic document contained in the PDF print data is a policy-enabled document, then cause the PDF print data to
be stored at the printing device instead of being processed for printing, and

in response to both a successful verification of a user and a request to print the electronic document via the user interface
at the printing device, designating the PDF print data as available for processing;

a policy client module configured to:
retrieve, from the shared memory, a request for security data for the PDF print data,
based upon the request, retrieve, from a policy server, the security data for the PDF print data, and
store, in the shared memory, the security data for the PDF print data; and
a PDF-to-postscript conversion module configured to:
retrieve the PDF print data stored at the printing device,
generate, based upon the PDF print data, the request for security data for the PDF print data,
store the request for the security data for the PDF print data in the shared memory,
retrieve, from the shared memory, the security data for the PDF print data,
decrypt the PDF print data to generate decrypted PDF print data, and
convert the decrypted PDF print data into postscript print data for printing.

US Pat. No. 9,438,816

ADAPTIVE IMAGE ACQUISITION FOR MULTIFRAME RECONSTRUCTION

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A method for multiframe reconstruction of an object comprising:
acquiring a set of at least two images of the object, the images acquired at different acquisition settings;
for at least one of the images, determining the acquisition setting for the image based at least in part on improving a depth
estimation calculated from the set of images, wherein determining the acquisition setting also takes into account content
of previously acquired images as such content relates to depth estimation; and

applying a multiframe reconstruction to the set of images to synthesize a single image, the synthesis including calculating
a depth estimation for the object.

US Pat. No. 9,317,914

IMAGE INSPECTING DEVICE, IMAGE FORMING SYSTEM, AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT

RICOH COMPANY, LIMITED, ...

1. An image inspecting device comprising:
a read image acquisition unit configured to acquire a read image obtained by reading an image formed by an image formation
output;

a reference image generation unit configured to generate a reference image based on print data, the print data being a generation
source of the image formed by the image formation output;

an image inspection unit configured to inspect the read image based on threshold information including one or more types of
thresholds and a difference image indicating a difference between the read image and the reference image, and specifies a
defect portion on the read image; and

a screen information generation unit configured to generate and output threshold adjustment screen information including a
threshold image indicating each value of the one or more types of thresholds constituting the threshold information and an
inspection result image indicating an inspection result of a partial read image of the defect portion on the read image, wherein

when an adjustment input of the threshold information is performed for adjusting at least one value of the one or more types
of thresholds, the image inspection unit reinspects the partial read image based on adjusted threshold information and a partial
difference image indicating a difference between a partial read image of the defect portion on the read image and a partial
reference image of a portion corresponding to the defect portion on the reference image,

the screen information generation unit generates and outputs threshold adjustment result screen information including a threshold
image indicating each value of the one or more types of thresholds constituting the adjusted threshold information and a reinspection
result image indicating a reinspection result of the partial read image using the adjusted threshold information, and

the image inspecting device further comprises a threshold information changing unit configured to change the threshold information
to the adjusted threshold information based on a threshold information change input for changing the threshold information
to the adjusted threshold information.

US Pat. No. 9,256,190

LUBRICANT SUPPLYING DEVICE, IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, AND PROCESS CARTRIDGE

RICOH COMPANY, LIMITED, ...

1. A lubricant supplying device, comprising:
a lubricant;
a lubricant holder that holds the lubricant;
a lubricant supplier to supply the lubricant to a lubricant supply target;
a first electrode;
a second electrode, the first and the second electrode each being spaced apart from the lubricant holder;
a detector that detects an electric conduction between the first electrode and the second electrode; and
a member that causes the second electrode to move toward the first electrode.

US Pat. No. 9,229,541

COORDINATE DETECTION SYSTEM, INFORMATION PROCESSING APPARATUS AND METHOD, AND COMPUTER-READABLE CARRIER MEDIUM

RICOH COMPANY, LIMITED, ...

1. A coordinate detection system that detects a coordinate contacted by an object, the coordinate detection system comprising:
a coordinate detecting apparatus that is mounted on a display apparatus, includes a light emitting unit that emits light to
the display apparatus, detects approach of an indicating object toward the display apparatus based upon whether the light
emitted from the light emitting unit is blocked by the indicating object, detects a position coordinate of the indicating
object on the display apparatus, and outputs a notice indicating the approach of the indicating object and the position coordinate;

a contact detecting apparatus that detects whether the contact detecting apparatus is in contact with the coordinate detecting
apparatus and outputs a notice indicating contact or non-contact of the contact detecting apparatus with the coordinate detecting
apparatus; and

an information processing apparatus that includes:
a control unit that
when the notice indicating the contact of the contact detecting apparatus with the coordinate detecting apparatus is received
within a predetermined time beginning from the notice indicating the approach of the indicating object, determines that the
indicating object is the contact detecting apparatus and issues a first event, and

when the notice indicating the contact of the contact detecting apparatus with the coordinate detecting apparatus is not received
within the predetermined time, determines that the indicating object is an object other than the contact detecting apparatus
and issues a second event; and

an application unit that
when the control unit issues the first event, displays an image on the display apparatus based on the position coordinate
output from the coordinate detecting apparatus, and

when the control unit issues the second event, deletes an image displayed on the display apparatus based on the position coordinate
output from the coordinate detecting apparatus.

US Pat. No. 9,085,169

INKJET PRINTING APPARATUS AND METHOD OF CORRECTING STEP SHIFT THEREOF

SCREEN Holdings Co., Ltd....

1. An inkjet printing apparatus configured to perform printing by discharging ink droplets onto a print medium, the apparatus
comprising:
a printing head having a plurality of inkjet heads and configured to perform printing by discharging the ink droplets from
the plurality of inkjet heads onto the print medium;

a chart printing device configured to print a step-shift correcting chart with the printing head, the step-shift correcting
chart having a plurality of lines orthogonal to the transportation direction and a blank area separating the plurality of
lines and being used for correcting step shift as printing shift of the plurality of inkjet heads in a transportation direction;

a reading device configured to read the step-shift correcting chart printed on the print medium;
a print medium-processed portion detecting device configured to detect a processed portion of the print medium formed in a
direction orthogonal to the transportation direction of the print medium in accordance with the blank area;

an uninfluenced step-shift correcting-chart generating device configured to eliminate an influence of the processed portion
of the print medium detected by the print medium-processed portion detecting device from the step-shift correcting chart read
by the reading device, thereby generating an uninfluenced step-shift correcting chart; and

a shift-amount calculating device configured to calculate a shift amount for correcting the step shift in accordance with
the uninfluenced step-shift correcting chart.

US Pat. No. 9,316,978

FIXING DEVICE, IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, AND FIXING METHOD

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A fixing device comprising:
a fixing rotator rotatable in a given direction of rotation;
a pressure rotator pressed against the fixing rotator to form a fixing nip therebetween, through which a recording medium
bearing a toner image is conveyed;

an oil applicator impregnated with oil to be applied to at least one of the fixing rotator and the pressure rotator;
a first mover connected to the oil applicator to separably bring the oil applicator into contact with the at least one of
the fixing rotator and the pressure rotator;

a surface polisher to refresh an outer circumferential surface of the fixing rotator;
a second mover connected to the surface polisher to separably bring the surface polisher into contact with the fixing rotator;
and

a controller operatively connected to the first mover and the second mover to control the first mover to bring the oil applicator
into contact with the at least one of the fixing rotator and the pressure rotator according to a contact condition under which
the surface polisher contacts the fixing rotator.

US Pat. No. 9,197,220

METHOD FOR RESETTING PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION DEVICE, AND PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION DEVICE

National Institute of Adv...

1. A photoelectric conversion device comprising:
a first semiconductor region of a first conductivity type;
a second semiconductor region of an opposite conductivity type opposite to the first conductivity type that is in contact
with the first semiconductor region;

a third semiconductor region of the opposite conductivity type that is separate from the second semiconductor region, and
is in contact with the first semiconductor region;

a fifth semiconductor region of the first conductivity type that is in contact with the second semiconductor region;
a first insulating film that is provide on at least a surface of the first semiconductor region sandwiched between at least
the second and third semiconductor regions; and

a first gate that is provided on the first insulating film across the second and third semiconductor regions,wherein the second semiconductor region, or the first semiconductor region in a vicinity of the second semiconductor region
is illuminated by light, and a photocurrent flows between the second semiconductor region and the first semiconductor region,
and a time in which a first emitter potential is supplied to the fifth semiconductor region overlaps with a time in which
a base reset potential is supplied to the third semiconductor region and a first gate potential that induces a channel or
a current path on the surface of the first semiconductor region between the second and third semiconductor regions under the
first gate is supplied to the first gate.

US Pat. No. 9,188,924

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND IMAGE FORMING METHOD

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:
an image carrier;
a developer carrier configured to adhere toner onto the image carrier;
an image density detector to detect a density of an image on the image carrier formed by the developer carrier adhering the
toner onto the image carrier;

a rotary member to form an image pattern of which the density is detected by the image density detector;
a rotational position detector to detect a rotational position of the rotary member; and
circuitry configured to generate the image pattern based on the rotational position detected by the rotational position detector
so that the image pattern is in synchronization with a rotational position detection signal of the rotational position detector,
and to generate the image pattern so that a leading end of the image pattern in a sub-scanning direction coincides with a
rising of the rotational position detection signal of the rotational position detector, and to calculate a cyclic density
fluctuation of the image pattern by determining a relation between the density of the image pattern detected by the image
density detector with a rotational phase of the rotary member that is determined based on the rotational position detected
by the rotational position detector.

US Pat. No. 9,164,462

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:
an image bearing member;
a transfer device;
a transfer bias power source that outputs, during a transfer process, one of a DC bias having a DC component and a superimposed
bias having a superimposed AC component and DC component, to the transfer device to transfer a toner image from the image
bearing member onto a sheet;

a separation device that performs a separation process to separate the sheet from the image bearing member; and
a separation bias power source that outputs, during the separation process, a separation bias to the separation device,
wherein the separation bias power source outputs a first separation bias when the transfer bias power source outputs the DC
bias, and the separation bias power source outputs a second separation bias that is different from the first separation bias
when the transfer bias power source outputs the superimposed bias.

US Pat. No. 9,316,987

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND IMAGE FORMING METHOD

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:
a photoconductor to form an electrostatic latent image;
a special color developing device to develop the electrostatic latent image with a special color toner other than standard
color toners on the photoconductor to form a special color toner image;

an adhesion amount adjuster to adjust a special color toner adhesion amount by changing an application bias between the photoconductor
and a developing sleeve of the special color developing device;

a setting unit to set brightness of the special color toner;
a developing-performance adjuster to adjust a developing performance of the special color developing device according to a
setting value of the brightness of the special color toner set by the setting unit, wherein the developing-performance adjuster
adjusts the developing performance of the special color developing device to a developing performance different from a developing
performance set to each of standard color developing devices in adjustment of densities of the standard color toners;

a mode setting unit to set one of a productivity first mode and an image-quality first mode on receipt of a mixed job including
a plurality of jobs with different settings in the special color toner adhesion amount and a type of recording media; and

a job analyzer to recognize the special color toner adhesion amount and the type of the recording media for each of the plurality
of jobs in the mixed job,

wherein, when the productivity first mode is set, the developing-performance adjuster executes adjustment of the developing
performance of the special color developing device according to the special color toner adhesion amount, for a job having
a maximum special color toner adhesion amount in the mixed job, and

the adhesion amount adjuster adjusts the special color toner adhesion amount by changing the application bias of the special
color developing device, for a job having a special color toner adhesion amount less than the maximum special color toner
adhesion amount.

US Pat. No. 9,296,204

INKJET RECORDING METHOD AND INKJET RECORDING DEVICE

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. An inkjet recording method, comprising:
applying a stimulus to a recording ink to allow the recording ink to jet to thereby record an image on a recording medium,
wherein the recording medium comprises a support and a surface layer formed on at least one surface of the support, and has
a transferred amount of pure water on a surface thereof at a side of the surface layer of 1 mL/m2 to 10 mL/m2 with contact duration of 100 ms as measured by a dynamic scanning absorptometer,

wherein the recording medium is surface-modified with a corona discharge treatment or a plasma treatment,
wherein the recording ink comprises a water-dispersible colorant, an organic solvent, a surfactant, a water-dispersible resin,
and water,

wherein the organic solvent comprises one or more polyhydric alcohols having an equilibrium moisture content of 30% by mass
or higher at a temperature of 23° C. and relative humidity of 80%, an amide compound represented by the following General
Formula (I), and at least one of compounds represented by the following General Formulae (II) to (IV), and

wherein a total of a solid content of the water dispersible colorant and a solid content of the water dispersible resin is
8% by mass to 35% by mass, and a mass ratio (A/B) of the solid content of the water dispersible resin (A) to the solid content
of the water dispersible colorant (B) is 2 to 8:


where, R denotes a C4-C6 alkyl group;

where R1 denotes a hydrogen atom or a C1-C2 alkyl group, and R2 denotes a C1-C4 alkyl group,


where R3 denotes a hydrogen atom, a C1-C8 alkyl group, a cyclic alkyl group, or an aromatic ring,


where R4 and R5 each denote a C1-C8 alkyl group.

US Pat. No. 9,083,920

INFORMATION PROCESSING APPARATUS, INFORMATION PROCESSING SYSTEM, INFORMATION PROCESSING METHOD, AND COMPUTER-READABLE STORAGE MEDIUM THAT ASSIGN PRIORITY INFORMATION INDICATING PRIORITY BETWEEN AREAS IN AN OVERLAPPING AREA

RICOH COMPANY, LIMITED, ...

1. An information processing apparatus connected to a printing apparatus in which color toner and transparent clear toner
are loaded, the printing apparatus forming an image on a recording medium based on color plane data for attaching the color
toner to the recording medium and clear plane data for attaching the clear toner to the recording medium, the information
processing apparatus comprising:
a priority information assigning unit configured to assign priority information indicating priority between each of first
objects in a first area of the recording medium and a second object in a second area of the recording medium in an overlapping
area of each of the first objects in the first area and the second object in the second area to at least one of gloss-control
plane data and clear plane data, the priority information assigning unit storing the priority information in a table such
that each of the first objects is associated with priority information, the priority information of one object of the first
objects in the first area being different from the priority information of another object of the first objects in the first
area, the gloss-control plane data being used for specifying each of the first objects in the first area to which a surface
effect is to be applied and specifying a density value corresponding to a type of the surface effect, the clear plane data
being used for specifying the second object in the second area in which a transparent image is to be formed and specifying
a density value of the transparent image; and

a clear toner plane generating unit configured to generate clear toner plane data based on the gloss-control plane data and
the clear plane data so that data corresponding to the overlapping area is generated by using a density value of at least
one of the first objects in the first area or the second object in the second area to which priority is given by the priority
information and data corresponding to an area other than the overlapping area is generated by using a density value of at
least one of the first objects in the first area or the second object in the second area in which the density value is specified.

US Pat. No. 9,389,560

FIXING DEVICE INCLUDING A SEPARATOR TO SEPARATE A RECORDING MEDIUM FROM A PRESSURE ROTATOR AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCLUDING THE FIXING DEVICE

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A fixing device comprising:
a fixing rotator rotatable in a direction of rotation, and conveyable around a fixing roller;
a pressure rotator, configured to be pressed against the fixing rotator to form a fixing nip therebetween, through which a
recording medium bearing a toner image is conveyable;

a guide, disposed downstream from the fixing nip in a recording medium conveyance direction and disposed opposite a fixing
side of the recording medium disposed opposite the fixing rotator, the guide including a guide face to guide the recording
medium after ejection from the fixing nip;

a pressure rotator side separator disposed downstream from the fixing nip in the recording medium conveyance direction,
the pressure rotator side separator including:
an opposed tip disposed opposite an outer circumferential surface of the pressure rotator; and
a separation-conveyance face to separate the recording medium from the pressure rotator,
the opposed tip and the separation-conveyance face of the pressure rotator side separator defining a hypothetical circle having
a curvature not smaller than 1/20 that intersects the guide face of the guide at an intersection at which a hypothetical tangent is tangent to the hypothetical
circle,

the hypothetical tangent and the guide face of the guide defining a downstream intersection angle that is downstream from
the hypothetical tangent in the recording medium conveyance direction and is greater than 90 degrees.

US Pat. No. 9,365,729

TREATMENT LIQUID FOR TREATING RECORDING MEDIUM, IMAGE FORMING METHOD AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A treatment liquid for treating a recording medium, comprising:
a water-soluble organic solvent;
a surfactant;
water;
an amphoteric emulsion resin having a core-shell structure; and
an anionic or cationic polyurethane resin.

US Pat. No. 9,260,268

SHEET PROCESSING APPARATUS, IMAGE FORMING SYSTEM, AND METHOD OF ADDITIONALLY FOLDING SHEET BUNDLE

RICOH COMPANY, LIMITED, ...

1. A sheet processing apparatus, comprising:
a pressing unit including a first pressing member and a second pressing member, the pressing unit being configured to sandwich
and press a fold part of a folded sheet bundle between the first pressing member and the second pressing member;

a moving unit configured to move a position pressed by the pressing unit in a direction of a fold of the sheet bundle; and
an elastic member configured to press the first pressing member in a thickness direction of the folded sheet bundle, wherein
a position pressed by the first pressing member on the sheet bundle and another position pressed by the second pressing member
on the sheet bundle are shifted with respect to each other in the direction of the fold of the sheet bundle,

the first pressing member is movable in the thickness direction of the folded sheet bundle and the second pressing member
is not movable, relative to the first pressing member in the thickness direction of the folded sheet bundle,

the first pressing member and the second pressing member are a same size, and
the entirety of the elastic member is provided over the first pressing member.

US Pat. No. 9,234,110

INK FOR INKJET RECORDING, AND INK CARTRIDGE, INKJET RECORDING METHOD, INKJET RECORDER, INK-RECORDED MATTER AND METHOD OF PRODUCING THE INK-RECORDED MATTER USING THE INK

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. An ink for inkjet recording, comprising:
a pigment;
a copolymer;
a water-soluble organic solvent; and
water,
wherein the copolymer is synthesized using at least the following monomers (1) and (2):
(1) unsaturated ethylene monomer having a phosphoric acid group or a phosphonic acid group; and
(2) unsaturated ethylene monomer having an alkyl group having 12 to 22 carbon atoms.

US Pat. No. 9,229,379

FIXING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

RICOH COMPANY, LIMITED, ...

1. A fixing device, comprising:
a rotatable fixing member;
a heating source configured to heat the fixing member, the heating source including a radiant heater;
an opposing member configured to come into contact with an outer circumferential surface of the fixing member to form a nip
portion; and

a shielding member configured to block heat from the heating source, wherein
the shielding member is configured to rotate about a position different from the center of the heating source so as to be
movable between a shielding position and a retraction position, the shielding position being a position where the shielding
member comes close to the heating source to block heat from the heating source to the fixing member, the retraction position
being a position where the shielding member is retracted away from the shielding position,

wherein:
the fixing member is an endless fixing belt, and
the fixing device further includes a nip forming member configured to come into contact with the opposing member from an inner
circumferential side of the fixing belt to form the nip portion.

US Pat. No. 9,164,721

INFORMATION DISPLAY DEVICE AND INFORMATION DISPLAY METHOD

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

15. An information display method comprising steps of:
obtaining location information of a first information display device obtained by a first global positioning system device
provided in the first information display device in response to an operation of the first information display device by a
user;

requesting at least one second information display device to provide setting information corresponding to the location information
for the first display device through a network by a communication unit including a communication circuit;

determining by at least one processor the setting information corresponding to the location information based on setting management
information stored in a memory of the at least one second information display device;

obtaining the setting information in the first display device from the at least one second display device; and
displaying information on a display of the first display device by causing the at least one processor to control an output
of the information, using the setting information.

US Pat. No. 9,124,501

SERVER DEVICE, NETWORK DEVICE, AND METHOD OF PROVIDING DATA PROVIDING LOCATION

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A server device including a processor and a program storage device tangibly embodying a program of instructions executable
by the processor to configure the server device to provide a client device with location information indicating one or more
data storage locations of one or more sets of information about one or more datasets, the one or more sets of information
about the one or more datasets being provided by one or more network devices and described in a structured format, the server
device including a module comprising:
a first software layer including plural kinds of applications, each kind of application amongst the plural kinds of applications
having and performing a function different from a function of the others of the plural kinds of applications, and a second
software layer including plural kinds of service software used in common for the functions of the plural kinds of applications
and controls hardware of the server device to provide said each kind of application amongst the plural kinds of applications
with the different function;

a data storage location acquiring unit to acquire the location information indicating the data storage locations of the sets
of information about the datasets from the corresponding network devices via the second software layer;

a data storage location management unit to manage the data storage locations of the sets of information about the datasets
acquired from the network devices;

a data storage location providing unit to provide the client device with the acquired location information indicating the
data storage locations of the sets of information about the datasets via the second software layer, wherein the data storage
location providing unit describes the data storage location of the set of information about the dataset in a subject of a
mail to provide the client device with the data storage location of the set of information about the dataset.

US Pat. No. 9,086,798

ASSOCIATING INFORMATION ON A WHITEBOARD WITH A USER

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A method comprising;
receiving, by a system, a user identifier corresponding to a user, the user identifier having an associated first timing information;
receiving, by the system, information about a stroke generated on a whiteboard, the stroke having an associated second timing
information generated independently of the first timing information;

determining, by the system, whether a correlation exist between the user identifier and the stroke based on comparing the
first timing information and the second timing information;

generating, by the system, information associating the user identifier with the stroke based at least in part on the comparison;
and

storing, by the system, the association information.

US Pat. No. 9,447,228

POLYMER PRODUCTION APPARATUS AND POLYMER PRODUCTION METHOD

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A polymer production apparatus, comprising:
a supplying unit containing a first supplying unit configured to supply raw materials containing at least a monomer, and a
second supplying unit configured to supply a compressive fluid;

a contacting unit configured to bring the monomer supplied from the first supplying unit and the compressive fluid supplied
from the second supplying unit into contact with each other; and

an outlet configured to discharge a reaction product of the monomer,
wherein a reaction unit is provided between the contacting unit and the outlet, where the reaction unit is configured to pass
the monomer from the side of the contacting unit to the side of the outlet, while allowing the monomer to carry out a polymerization
reaction in the presence of the compressive fluid supplied from the second supplying unit, and

wherein the reaction unit contains at least a circulation unit containing a first pipe and a second pipe, where the first
pipe is a pipe through which a fluid containing the monomer and the compressive fluid is passed from the side of the contacting
unit to the side of the outlet, and the second pipe is configured to return the fluid from a return port provided at an upstream
side of an extrusion unit to an inlet provided at an upstream side of the return port.

US Pat. No. 9,317,396

INFORMATION PROCESSING APPARATUS INCLUDING AN EXECUTION CONTROL UNIT, INFORMATION PROCESSING SYSTEM HAVING THE SAME, AND STOP METHOD USING THE SAME

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. An information processing apparatus comprising:
a memory configured to store a program; and
a processor configured to execute the program that causes the information processing apparatus perform functions as:
a first preservation unit configured to preserve execution request information for information processing;
an execution unit configured to execute one or more types of the information processing;
an execution control unit configured to have the execution unit being capable of executing one of the types of the information
processing execute the information processing of the execution request information preserved by the first preservation unit;
and

a second preservation unit configured to preserve a stop command of the execution unit;
wherein, if the execution unit does not execute the information processing, the execution control unit checks the second preservation
unit at predetermined intervals if the second preservation unit preserves the stop command to have the execution unit execute
a stop procedure, and if the execution unit executes the information processing, the execution control unit checks the second
preservation unit after the information processing has been completed,

wherein the execution unit is configured to stop the execution unit according to the stop command and subsequently delete
a file indicating the stop command of the execution unit from a predetermined file storage location provided in a worker server;

wherein the worker server is external to the information processing apparatus, and
wherein the worker server notifies a user of the information processing apparatus that creates the stop command in the second
preservation unit of a stop of the execution unit after the file is deleted.

US Pat. No. 9,311,542

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DETECTING CONTINUOUS ROAD PARTITION

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A method for detecting a continuous road partition with a height, comprising the steps of:
obtaining disparity maps having the continuous road partition, and obtaining U-disparity maps derived from the disparity maps;
obtaining an intermediate detection result of the continuous road partition detected from the U-disparity maps of a first
frame; and

detecting the continuous road partition from the U-disparity map of a current frame, based on the obtained intermediate detection
result, wherein the step of detecting the continuous road partition from the U-disparity map of the current frame based on
the obtained intermediate detection result further comprises the step of detecting a curved continuous road partition by detecting
a plurality of continuous line segments with different slopes from the U-disparity map.

US Pat. No. 9,283,793

THERMOSENSITIVE RECORDING LABEL

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A thermosensitive recording label, comprising:
a base;
an under layer;
a thermosensitive coloring layer;
a barrier layer;
a release layer; and
an adhesive layer, where the under layer, the thermosensitive coloring layer, the barrier layer, and the release layer are
disposed on one surface of the base in this order, and the adhesive layer is disposed on the other surface of the base,

wherein the release layer contains a cured product of a heat curing silicone resin, and the barrier layer contains a cured
product of a water-soluble resin with a crosslinking agent, and inorganic filler, and

wherein the heat curing silicone resin contains organopolysiloxane containing a hexenyl group, and organohydrogen polysiloxane.

US Pat. No. 9,283,799

METHOD FOR PRODUCING THERMOREVERSIBLE RECORDING MEDIUM AND APPARATUS FOR PRODUCING THE SAME

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A method for producing a thermoreversible recording medium, comprising:
(a) arranging inlets to be spaced apart from each other by predetermined intervals, on a first base sheet that additionally
includes a thermosensitive recording layer, to thereby produce a first sheet, where the first sheet has a product portion
including the inlets and end portions at both ends of the product portion;

(b) applying an adhesive onto a second base sheet using an adhesive application unit, to produce a second sheet;
(c) passing the first sheet and the second sheet through a gap between a pair of gap rollers in the manner that the inlets
and the adhesive face each other to laminate the first sheet with the second sheet, while forming an adhesive liquid pool
in an upstream of the gap; and

(d) feedback controlling an amount of the adhesive to be applied in (b) so that the adhesive liquid pool does not flow into
the end portions on the first sheet.

US Pat. No. 9,229,347

CARRIER FOR TWO-COMPONENT DEVELOPER, TWO-COMPONENT DEVELOPER USING THE CARRIER, AND PROCESS CARTRIDGE AND IMAGE FORMING METHOD AND APPARATUS USING THE TWO COMPONENT DEVELOPER

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A carrier for use in a two-component developer for developing an electrostatic latent image, comprising:
a particulate magnetic core; and
a cover layer located on a surface of the particulate magnetic core and comprising a resin and a particulate electroconductive
material,

wherein
the carrier has a BET specific surface area of from 0.8 to 1.6 m2/g, and

the particulate electroconductive material is included in the cover layer in an amount of from 0.016 to 0.04 parts by weight
based on 1 part by weight of the particulate magnetic core and the carrier satisfies the following relationship:

6.0?B1/B2?8.0, wherein B1 represents a BET specific surface area of the carrier, and B2 represents a BET specific area of
the particulate magnetic core.

US Pat. No. 9,120,334

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND IMAGE FORMING METHOD

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:
a pretreatment unit configured to bring a surface of a recording medium into contact with plasma; and
an image forming unit configured to eject an ink onto the recording medium to thereby form an image;
wherein the ink contains a pigment, water, a water-soluble organic solvent, and resin particles,
wherein the water-soluble organic solvent is an amide compound having an inorganic/organic value (I/O value) of 1.1 to 2.0,
and

wherein the resin particles are ether-based polyurethane resin particles and have an acid group amount of 2.0 meq/g or more.

US Pat. No. 9,111,205

INFORMATION PROCESSING DEVICE, METHOD, AND PROGRAM PRODUCT GENERATING A THIRD OBJECT HAVING HIGHER DISPLAY PRIORITY THAN A SAME SHAPED FIRST OBJECT AND LOWER DISPLAY PRIORITY THAN A SECOND OBJECT

RICOH COMPANY, LIMITED, ...

1. An information processing device comprising:
a receiving unit configured to receive specified position information indicating a position specified by a user with respect
to an image indicated by target image data including drawing information of each object;

a first identifying unit configured to identify a first object indicating an object including the position indicated by the
specified position information; and

a generation unit configured to generate a third object indicating an object having lower priority of display than a second
object indicating an object having higher priority of display than the first object, and having higher priority of display
than the first object, and an object having a same shape as the first object.

US Pat. No. 9,402,012

IMAGE-READING LENS, IMAGE-READING DEVICE, AND IMAGE-FORMING APPARATUS

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. An image reading lens for reading a manuscript image, comprising:
a front-group lens system at an object side, and which includes less than or equal to 5 lenses, includes at least one positive
lens, and includes at least one negative lens; and

a rear-group lens system at an image side which includes only one lens which is a negative lens,
wherein an angle of an entire system of the image-reading lens is equal to or more than 56°, and the front-group lens system
and the rear-group lens system are structured such that a change in a distance between the front-group lens system and the
rear-group lens system adjusts a lens performance,

wherein the image-reading lens is configured to satisfy the following conditional expressions [1], [2], and [3]:
?1.00
1.0<(Rc+Rb)/(Rc?Rb)<1.5  [2]

1.0
where fr is a focal length of the rear-group lens system, f is a focal length of the entire system of the image-reading lens,
Ra is a curvature radius of a lens surface at the image side of a lens at a most image side of the front-group lens system,
Rb is a curvature radius of a lens surface at the object side of the negative lens of the rear-group lens system, and Rc is
a curvature radius of a lens surface at the image side of the negative lens of the rear-group lens system,

wherein the image-reading lens is configured to satisfy the following conditional expression [5]:
0.12<(øb?øa)/2ds<0.28  [5]

where øa is an effective diameter of the lens surface at the image side of the lens at the most image side of the front-group
lens system, øb is an effective diameter of the lens surface at the object side of the negative lens of the rear-group lens
system, and ds is a distance on an optical axis between the front-group lens system and the rear-group lens system.

US Pat. No. 9,372,465

COOLING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCLUDING SAME

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A recording-material cooling device disposed downstream from a fixing device in a transport direction of a recording material,
the fixing device including a fixing member and a pressing member to fix an unfixed toner image on the recording material,
the fixing member including a heater, the pressing member contacting the fixing member to form a fixing nip, the recording-material
cooling device comprising:
a first cooler including a corresponding fluid flow path to cool the first cooler, the first cooler disposed at a same side
as the pressing member relative to the recording material;

a second cooler including a corresponding fluid flow path to cool the second cooler, the second cooler disposed at a same
side as the fixing member relative to the recording material; and

a third cooler including a corresponding fluid flow path to cool the third cooler, the third cooler disposed at the same side
as the pressing member relative to the recording material,

the first cooler, the second cooler, and the third cooler arranged in an order of the first cooler, the second cooler, and
the third cooler from upstream to downstream in the transport direction of the recording material,

the first cooler, the second cooler, and the third cooler disposed to contact a belt that conveys the recording material.

US Pat. No. 9,195,200

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, IMAGE FORMING METHOD, AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT

RICOH COMPANY, LIMITED, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:
an acquisition unit configured to acquire output data that includes at least one of first image data and second image data,
the first image data including first clear toner plane data that defines a special color area to which special color toner
is applied for a first recording medium to which the special color toner has not been applied, the second image data including
color plane data and second clear toner plane data, the color plane date defining a color area to which color toner is applied
for the first recording medium or a second recording medium to which the special color toner has been applied, the second
clear toner plane data defining a special color area to which the special color toner is applied for the first recording medium
or the second recording medium;

a first output unit configured to output, when the output data includes the first image data, first print data that includes
the first clear toner plane data and first identification information representing an instruction to form an image on the
first recording medium stored in a first sheet feed tray that stores the first recording medium to an image forming unit;
and

a second output unit configured to output, when the output data includes the first image data and the second image data, second
print data that includes the second clear toner plane data, the color plane data, and second identification information representing
an instruction to form an image on the second recording medium stored in a second sheet feed tray that stores the second recording
medium to the image forming unit, and to output, when the output data does not include the first image data but includes the
second image data, third print data that includes the second clear toner plane data, the color plane data, and the first identification
information to the image forming unit.

US Pat. No. 9,130,341

SEMICONDUCTOR LASER DRIVE APPARATUS AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A semiconductor laser drive apparatus comprising:
a semiconductor laser element supplied with a drive current, the drive current being controlled according to a light-emission
control signal indicating on or off;

a drive circuit that generates a drive current corresponding to an input current and supplies the drive current to the semiconductor
laser element;

a current setting circuit that stores a first set value for a light-emission current obtained by subtracting a first bias
current used when the semiconductor laser element emits light, from a drive current used when the semiconductor laser element
emits light of a desired amount of light emission, a second set value for the first bias current, and a third set value for
a second bias current used when the semiconductor laser element does not emit light;

a first current generator circuit that generates a first input current from the first set value;
a second current generator circuit that generates a second input current from the second set value and generates a third input
current from the third set value; and

a switching circuit that supplies a sum of the first and second input currents to the drive circuit when the light-emission
control signal is on, and supplies the third input current to the drive circuit when the light-emission control signal is
off,

wherein the current setting circuit:
represents an amount of light emission of the semiconductor laser element as a function of the drive current of the semiconductor
laser element, and computes, as the first bias current, a value of the drive current at an intersection of a tangent line
to the function at the desired amount of light emission and a straight line indicating an amount of light emission of zero;

computes, as the second bias current, a value of the drive current at an intersection of a tangent line to the function near
the amount of light emission of zero and the straight line indicating the amount of light emission of zero; and

computes and stores the first to third set values for the light-emission current and the computed first and second bias currents.

US Pat. No. 9,290,005

IMAGE FORMATION APPARATUS, METHOD FOR EXAMINING DISCHARGE OF TRANSPARENT DROPLETS, AND PROGRAM FOR EXAMINING DISCHARGE OF TRANSPARENT DROPLETS

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An image formation apparatus comprising:
a first discharge unit including a first nozzle line having a plurality of nozzles, the first nozzle line discharging color
droplets to form a predetermined image on a recording medium, the first discharge unit moving relative to the recording medium;
and

a second discharge unit including a second nozzle line that discharges transparent droplets on the recording medium on which
the predetermined image is formed, the second discharge unit moving in a first direction relative to the recording medium,
and the second nozzle line having a plurality of nozzles arranged in a second direction orthogonal to the first direction,
wherein

when a discharge operation of the second discharge unit is examined,
after the predetermined image is formed with the color droplets discharged by the first discharge unit, the second discharge
unit discharges the transparent droplets from two or more of the nozzles thereof spaced at m?1 nozzle intervals in the second
direction to form a row of dots extending in the second direction, and repeats forming the row while successively moving in
the first direction relative to the recording medium so as to form m rows arranged side by side in the first direction, positions
of the discharging nozzles being successively shifted together by one nozzle in the second direction upon a successive movement
of the second discharge unit relative to the recording medium in the first direction, such that the dots in each of the rows
are formed at m?1 nozzle intervals, and positions of the dots in an n-th one of the rows are displaced together by one nozzle
in the second direction relative to positions of the dots in an n?1-th one of the rows.