US Pat. No. 9,203,154

MULTI-RESONANCE ANTENNA, ANTENNA MODULE, RADIO DEVICE AND METHODS

Pulse Finland Oy, Kempel...

1. A multiband antenna for use in a radio device, comprising:
a circuit board comprising a ground plane disposed on a first portion of the circuit board, the circuit board further comprising
a second portion on which the ground plane is not disposed;

a dielectric component disposed on the second portion of the circuit board;
a first and a second radiating element resident on an upper surface of the dielectric component, the first and the second
radiating elements configured to radiate at a lower and an upper frequency band, respectively; and

a parasitic element disposed on a plurality of surfaces of the dielectric component that are perpendicular to the ground plane
of the circuit board.

US Pat. No. 9,685,698

MULTI-TAP FREQUENCY SWITCHABLE ANTENNA APPARATUS, SYSTEMS AND METHODS

PULSE FINLAND OY, (FI)

1. A multi-tap switchable antenna apparatus, comprising:
a main antenna radiator branch;
a plurality of switchable antenna radiator branches; and
a switching apparatus comprising a plurality of input interfaces and a plurality of output interfaces, each of the plurality
of input interfaces being coupled to a respective one of the plurality of switchable antenna radiator branches, each of the
plurality of output interfaces being accessible to each of the plurality of input interfaces;

wherein each of the plurality of input interfaces is configured to selectively couple to at most one of the plurality of output
interfaces; and

wherein the coupling of each of the plurality of switchable antenna radiator branches to the switching apparatus is configured
to effectuate a plurality of operational frequency bands for the multi-tap switchable antenna apparatus.

US Pat. No. 9,484,619

SWITCHABLE DIVERSITY ANTENNA APPARATUS AND METHODS

PULSE FINLAND OY, (FI)

1. Diversity antenna apparatus, comprising:
a first diversity antenna apparatus configured to operate in a first frequency range and comprising a first feed portion configured
to be coupled to a diversity feed structure of a radio device; and

a second diversity antenna apparatus configured to operate in a second frequency range, and comprising:
a first radiator comprising a second feed portion configured to couple a radiating portion to the diversity feed structure;
a second radiator comprising a first portion and a second portion, the second portion configured to be coupled to a ground
plane of the radio device; and

a selector apparatus configured to selectively couple the first portion of the second radiator to the ground plane;
wherein the selector apparatus is configured to enable wireless communication of the radio device in at least two operational
bands within the second frequency range; and

wherein the first feed portion configured to be coupled to the diversity feed structure forms at least a portion of a coupled-feed
configuration, the coupled feed configuration enabling the diversity antenna apparatus to be substantially insensitive to
dielectric loading during device operation.

US Pat. No. 9,350,081

SWITCHABLE MULTI-RADIATOR HIGH BAND ANTENNA APPARATUS

Pulse Finland OY, (FI)

1. A mobile radio frequency communication device, comprising:
an enclosure and an electronics assembly contained substantially therein, said electronics assembly comprising a ground plane
and a first and a second feed port; and

a multiband antenna apparatus, comprising:
a metal cup structure disposed proximate one end of the enclosure and configured to be electrically connected to the ground
plane via a first and a second ground element;

a first and a second feed structure;
a ground structure configured to be electrically connected to the ground plane; and
a selector apparatus configured to selectively electrically connect one of (i) the first feed structure to the first feed
port or (ii) the second feed structure to the second feed port;

wherein:
the first feed structure is configured to effectuate radio frequency communications within at least one high frequency band
and at least one low frequency band;

the second feed structure is configured to effectuate the radio frequency communications within the at least one high frequency
band;

the enclosure comprises a chassis and the cup, the cup being electrically separated from the chassis by a non-conductive slot
thereby forming an operational antenna portion, the operational portion configured to form a first electromagnetic resonance
in at least a second high frequency band;

the second ground element is configured to be connected to the ground plane via a switching circuit comprising two or more
alternate electrical signal paths; and

the metal cup structure is configured to form a second electromagnetic resonance in at least a fourth and a third frequency
bands.

US Pat. No. 9,246,210

ANTENNA WITH COVER RADIATOR AND METHODS

PULSE FINLAND OY, Kempel...

1. An antenna for use in a radio device, comprising:
a feed element having feed and short circuit points associated therewith, at least the short circuit point being in electrical
communication with a ground plane of the radio device; and

a device end cover, the end cover comprising a dielectric, two end surfaces, and having the feed element disposed on an interior
surface thereof, and at least one conductive coating comprising a multiband radiator disposed on an outer surface thereof,
the at least one conductive coating comprising at least one slot formed on each of the two end surfaces.

US Pat. No. 9,325,060

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR CONDUCTIVE ELEMENT DEPOSITION AND FORMATION

Pulse Finland OY, Ouluns...

1. A method of forming an assembly having at least one conductive trace, the method implemented using an apparatus configured
to eject drops of a conductive fluid comprising:
providing a substrate upon which the at least one conductive trace is to be deposited;
causing transport of at least a portion of the apparatus over a surface of the substrate while ejecting a plurality of conductive
fluid drops to form the at least one conductive trace, each of the plurality of conductive fluid drops comprising a volume
of at least 500 pL; and

heating at least the at least one conductive trace to remove at least a portion of the plurality of conductive fluid drops
so as to render the at least one trace substantially permanent on said substrate.

US Pat. No. 9,461,371

MIMO ANTENNA AND METHODS

Pulse Finland OY, (FI)

1. An antenna, comprising:
a substantially planar substrate;
a first antenna component disposed in a first region of the substantially planar substrate; and
a second antenna component disposed in a second region of the substantially planar substrate;
wherein the first and second antenna components are further disposed such that a dipole axis of the first antenna component
is substantially different in orientation from a dipole axis of the second antenna component; and

wherein the first and second antenna components comprise first and second radiator elements, respectively, and the first and
second radiator elements are substantially mirror images of one another with respect to a plane that is resident between the
first and second antenna components, the plane being orthogonal to the substantially planar substrate.

US Pat. No. 9,450,291

MULTIBAND SLOT LOOP ANTENNA APPARATUS AND METHODS

PULSE FINLAND OY, Kempel...

1. A multiband antenna apparatus for use in a portable radio communications device, the antenna apparatus comprising:
a first antenna structure comprising an element configured to be disposed around an external surface of a device enclosure;
wherein:
the first antenna structure is connected to a ground plane of the device in at least two locations in order to form a virtual
portion and an operational portion; and

the operational portion comprises a slot formed in the element so as to be disposed proximate a bottom side of the device
enclosure, the slot further dividing the operational portion into a longer section and a shorter section; and

a plurality of tuning branches with at least one of the tuning branches coupled to a feed port of the portable radio communications
device, the plurality of tuning branches collectively configured to effectuate a plurality of resonances within the longer
section and the shorter section of the operational portion.

US Pat. No. 9,531,058

LOOSELY-COUPLED RADIO ANTENNA APPARATUS AND METHODS

PULSE FINLAND OY, (FI)

1. A communications device, comprising:
a metallic device enclosure comprising a main portion, a first antenna cover portion, and a second antenna cover portion,
the first and second antenna cover portions disposed on opposing sides of the metallic device enclosure and separated from
the main portion by a gap extending along the circumference of the communications device, the main portion connected to a
ground at one or more predetermined locations;

a main antenna radiator disposed on a first end of the metallic device enclosure enclosed within the first antenna cover portion,
the main antenna radiator comprising a C-element and a feed element connected to a feed structure of the communications device,
the first antenna cover portion electromagnetically coupled to the feed element in order to form a parasitic antenna resonator,
the main antenna radiator folded such that the feed element is disposed perpendicular to the C-element within the metallic
device enclosure; and

a multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) antenna radiator disposed on a second end of the metallic device enclosure, the MIMO
antenna radiator being enclosed within the second antenna cover portion;

wherein the first and second ends are disposed on opposing sides of the metallic device enclosure.

US Pat. No. 9,509,054

COMPACT POLARIZED ANTENNA AND METHODS

Pulse Finland OY, Kempel...

1. An antenna component for use in a portable communications device, the device comprising a ground, a feed port, and a ground
plane, the antenna component comprising:
a dielectric substrate;
a radiator element disposed proximate to a surface of the substrate; and
a feed conductor configured to couple to the radiator element at a feed point;
wherein the antenna component is configured to operate in a first mode when placed under a first operating condition, and
to operate in a second mode when placed under a second operating condition;

wherein the first mode is configured to operate as a linear polarized antenna, and the second mode is configured to operate
as a right hand circular polarized (RHCP) antenna; and

wherein the first operating condition comprises the portable communications device operating in free-space, and the second
operating condition comprises the portable communications device operating under a loading condition.

US Pat. No. 9,406,998

DISTRIBUTED MULTIBAND ANTENNA AND METHODS

Pulse Finland OY, (FI)

1. A multiband antenna assembly comprising a lower and an upper operating frequency band, the multiband antenna assembly for
use in a mobile radio device, the multiband antenna assembly comprising:
a substrate element comprised of a first end and a second opposing end, the substrate element comprising a conductive coating
disposed thereon to form a ground plane, the conductive coating substantially covering the substrate element and extending
from the first end towards the second opposing end, a portion of the second opposing end is exposed to form a clearance area
without the conductive coating disposed thereon;

a planar inverted-F antenna (PIFA) element configured to operate in the upper frequency band and being disposed above the
ground plane and proximate to the first end of the substrate element;

a monopole antenna configured to operate in the lower frequency band and being disposed proximate to the clearance area of
the second opposing end, the clearance area configured to provide electrical isolation of the monopole antenna from the PIFA
element, and further configured to reduce a ground plane clearance; and

a feed apparatus configured to feed the monopole antenna and the PIFA element;
wherein the monopole antenna further comprises:
a radiator element formed in a plane substantially perpendicular to the ground plane; and
a non-conductive slot formed within the radiator element; and
a matching circuit comprising:
a feed point;
a ground;
a stripline coupled from the ground to the feed point;
a tuning capacitor coupled to the ground and the stripline; and
a feed pad coupled to the stripline via an inductor; and
wherein the feed pad is further coupled to the radiator element;
wherein the PIFA element further comprises:
a first planar radiator formed substantially parallel to the ground plane;
a parasitic planar radiator formed substantially coplanar to the first planar radiator;
a non-conductive slot formed within the first planar radiator;
a first feed point configured to couple the first planar radiator to the feed apparatus;
a ground point configured to couple the first planar radiator to the ground plane; and
a parasitic feed point configured to couple the parasitic planar radiator to the ground plane
wherein a total efficiency for the multiband antenna assembly disposed proximate a head and a hand phantom is greater than
2.5 dB better in the upper frequency band as compared with a bottom mounted monopole antenna.

US Pat. No. 9,948,002

ANTENNA APPARATUS WITH AN INTEGRATED PROXIMITY SENSOR AND METHODS

PULSE FINLAND OY, Ouluns...

1. An antenna apparatus, comprising:an antenna feed element;
a parasitic element capacitively coupled to the antenna feed element, the parasitic element configured to broaden the impedance bandwidth of the antenna feed element;
a capacitor electrically coupled to a ground, the capacitor electrically coupled to the parasitic element; and
a proximity sensor electrically coupled to an ESD/decoupling circuit such that the proximity sensor is coupled in parallel to the parasitic element, the proximity sensor configured to detect a change in capacitance in the parasitic element in the presence of a human body and lower an output power of the antenna feed element in response thereto and to subsequently raise the output power of the antenna feed element in the absence of the human body;
wherein the ESD/decoupling circuit is electrically coupled in parallel to the parasitic element, the ESD/decoupling circuit being configured to block an RF signal from going into the proximity sensor so as to enable detection of a capacitance change.

US Pat. No. 9,634,383

GALVANICALLY SEPARATED NON-INTERACTING ANTENNA SECTOR APPARATUS AND METHODS

PULSE FINLAND OY, (FI)

1. An antenna comprising:
a planar radiative layer comprising:
one or more active regions configured to contribute to a radiative profile of the antenna;
at least one substantially inactive region that does not contribute to the radiative profile of the antenna; and
one or more region borders configured to galvanically isolate the at least one inactive region from the one or more active
regions, wherein the one or more active regions and the at least one substantially inactive region are disposed such that
they are coplanar with one another on the planar radiative layer for the antenna.

US Pat. No. 9,123,990

MULTI-FEED ANTENNA APPARATUS AND METHODS

Pulse Finland OY, Kempel...

1. A triple-feed antenna apparatus, comprising:
a first antenna element operable in a lower frequency band and comprising a first feed portion configured to be coupled to
a first feed port;

a second antenna element operable in a second frequency band and comprising a second feed portion configured to be coupled
to a second feed port;

a third antenna element operable in an upper frequency band and comprising a third feed portion configured to be coupled to
a third feed port; and

a ground plane, the ground plane disposed so as to reside substantially beneath the first, second, and third antenna elements;
wherein:
the first and third antenna elements are each configured to form a radiation pattern disposed primarily in a first orientation;
the second antenna element is configured to form a radiation pattern disposed primarily in a second orientation that is substantially
orthogonal to the first orientation; and

the second antenna element comprises a loop structure configured to have a radiator branch disposed within the loop structure,
the radiator branch configured to resonate at a frequency that expands an operational frequency range of the second frequency
band.

US Pat. No. 10,090,590

APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR ANTENNA PORT ISOLATION

Pulse Finland Oy, Oulu (...

1. An antenna port isolation apparatus comprising:a housing for the apparatus, the housing comprising:
a first cover element comprising at least one antenna radiating element disposed on an exterior surface of the housing; and
a second cover element comprising:
at least two feed port structures disposed inside the housing;
at least two feed ports each at least partly disposed on a respective one of the at least two feed port structures, where the at least two feed ports are electrically coupled to the at least one antenna radiating element; and
at least two metallized shield wall elements, at least a portion of the at least two metallized shield wall elements being positioned between the first and second cover elements, each of the at least two metallized shield wall elements being disposed orthogonal to at least another one of the at least two metallized shield wall elements;
wherein the at least two metallized shield elements are formed from wall structures of the second cover element; and
wherein each of the at least two feed ports are arranged on the second cover element so as to have an orthogonal polarization with respect to one another.

US Pat. No. 9,833,802

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR CONDUCTIVE ELEMENT DEPOSITION AND FORMATION

Pulse Finland OY, Ouluns...

1. A method of manufacturing an article of manufacture with a conductive trace pattern thereon, the method comprising:
receiving information defining the conductive trace pattern;
analyzing the information to define at least first and second domains, the first and second domains comprising respective
first and second portions of the conductive trace pattern, the first and the second domains differing based at least upon
a geometric factor associated with the conductive trace pattern;

generating a first output relating at least in part to the first domain, and a second output relating at least in part to
the second domain;

sending the first output to a first printing apparatus for use thereby; and
sending the second output to a second printing apparatus for use thereby, the second printing apparatus having different printing
capabilities from the first printing apparatus.

US Pat. No. 9,673,507

CHASSIS-EXCITED ANTENNA APPARATUS AND METHODS

Pulse Finland OY, Ouluns...

1. A mobile communications device, comprising: an exterior housing comprising a plurality of sides and a front and a back
surface separated by a thickness, the plurality of sides each comprising the thickness, the thickness being the smallest overall
dimensions of the exterior housing;
an electronics assembly comprising a ground and at least one feed port, the electronics assembly substantially contained within
the exterior housing; and an antenna component comprising:

a radiator element comprising a first surface, and configured to be disposed
proximate to a first side of the plurality of sides of the exterior housing, the radiator element comprising an elongated
shape that spans the thickness along the length of the first side and is entirely disposed within the thickness;

a feed conductor coupled to the at least one feed port, and configured to couple to the radiator element at a feed point;
a ground feed coupled to the first surface of the radiator element and disposed between the first surface and the ground;
and

an additional ground feed coupled to the first surface of the radiator element and disposed between the first surface and
the ground, additional ground feed disposed at a first distance from the ground feed.

US Pat. No. 10,020,561

DEPOSITED THREE-DIMENSIONAL ANTENNA APPARATUS AND METHODS

PULSE FINLAND OY, Ouluns...

1. An antenna assembly for use in a mobile device, comprising:a thin flexible antenna structure comprising a radiator and a plurality of contacts, wherein the radiator and the plurality of contacts are deposited onto the thin flexible antenna structure using a flowable conductive fluid; and
a housing portion for the mobile device;
wherein:
the thin flexible antenna structure and the housing portion are bonded to one another, and the thin flexible antenna structure comprises a textured surface;
the thin flexible structure comprises a three-dimensional shape configured to couple to an external surface of the housing portion of the mobile device; and
the radiator and the plurality of contacts are disposed on an inner surface of the thin flexible structure and also disposed on the external surface of the housing portion of the mobile device.

US Pat. No. 9,979,078

MODULAR CELL ANTENNA APPARATUS AND METHODS

PULSE FINLAND OY, Ouluns...

1. An antenna element, comprising:a cover element having a cavity formed therein;
a main radiating element disposed substantially within the cavity;
a coupling element configured to at least electrically couple the antenna element to a host radio frequency device; and
a parasitic radiating element formed substantially on or within the cover element;
wherein at least a portion of the cover element is disposed between the main radiating element and the parasitic radiating element; and
wherein the antenna element further comprises a substantially modular construction that is configured to enable the antenna element to mate with at least one other similar or identical antenna element so as to form an array, the at least one other similar or identical antenna element comprising:
another cover element having another cavity formed thereon;
another main radiating element disposed substantially within the other cavity;
another coupling element configured to at least electrically couple the at least one other similar or identical antenna element to the host radio frequency device; and
another parasitic radiating element formed substantially on or within the other cover element;
wherein at least a portion of the other cover element is disposed between the other main radiating element and the other parasitic radiating element.

US Pat. No. 9,906,260

SENSOR-BASED CLOSED LOOP ANTENNA SWAPPING APPARATUS AND METHODS

Pulse Finland Oy, Ouluns...

1. Antenna apparatus for use in a wireless device, the apparatus comprising:
a plurality of antenna elements;
sensor apparatus coupled to each of the plurality of antenna elements, the sensor apparatus being configured to periodically
sense one or more parameters from each of the plurality of antenna elements at a periodic time interval, the periodic time
interval being based on an operational condition of the antenna apparatus, the sensor apparatus being further configured to
generate an output based on the one or more periodically sensed parameters relating to at least one aspect of the operation
of the plurality of antenna elements;

switching apparatus configured to selectively couple two or more of the plurality of antenna elements to a radio frequency
front end module of the wireless device, the selective coupling of the two or more of the plurality of antenna elements comprising
an exclusion from use of ones of the plurality of antenna elements associated with change in the one or more periodically
sensed one or more parameters; and

controller apparatus in operative communication with the sensor apparatus and configured to utilize the output in selective
control of the switching apparatus;

wherein the controller apparatus utilizes both the output from the sensor apparatus as well as a plurality of pre-stored efficiency
values associated with one or more of the plurality of antenna elements for the selective control of the switching apparatus.

US Pat. No. 9,774,934

LOW-PROFILE ELECTRONIC APPARATUS AND METHODS

Pulse Finland OY, (FI)

1. Portable electronic apparatus, comprising:
at least one audio speaker;
electronic circuitry configured to drive the at least one audio speaker;
an outer housing;
at least one antenna configured to radiate electromagnetic radiation; and
electronic component mounting apparatus comprising:
a substantially planar metallic base;
a plurality of sidewall elements in communication with the substantially planar metallic base;
a substantially insulating coating applied to at least portions of the substantially metallic planar base; and
at least one conductive trace applied to the substantially insulating coating so as to form an electrical component contact
for interface with one or more terminals of the at least one audio speaker;

wherein the outer housing comprises at least one of a recess or aperture into which the electronic component mounting apparatus
and the at least one audio speaker may be at least partly received, such that the at least one conductive trace may interface
with a corresponding electrical contact of the electronic circuitry; and

wherein the at least one recess or aperture and the electronic component mounting apparatus cooperate to maintain at least
a predetermined distance between the at least one antenna and the at least one audio speaker so as to mitigate interference
between the at least one audio speaker and the at least one antenna.

US Pat. No. 9,761,951

ADJUSTABLE ANTENNA APPARATUS AND METHODS

PULSE FINLAND OY, (FI)

1. An adjustable antenna, comprising:
a ground plane;
a monopole type radiator with a feed point and first and second slots;
an adjusting circuit configured to enable adjustment of at least one operating frequency of the adjustable antenna;
an adjusting point in communication with the monopole type radiator and the adjusting circuit;
a short-circuit point disposed on the ground plane; and
a feed point disposed between the short-circuit point and the adjusting point;
wherein the adjusting point is disposed substantially between the first and second slots.

US Pat. No. 9,722,308

LOW PASSIVE INTERMODULATION DISTRIBUTED ANTENNA SYSTEM FOR MULTIPLE-INPUT MULTIPLE-OUTPUT SYSTEMS AND METHODS OF USE

PULSE FINLAND OY, Ouluns...

1. A low passive intermodulation (PIM) antenna apparatus, comprising:
a pair of planar radiating elements, each of the pair of planar radiating elements comprising a pair of larger surfaces that
are separated by a smaller surface of the respective radiating element, a first larger surface of a first of the pair of radiating
elements being parallel with a second larger surface of a second of the pair of radiating elements;

a ground plane upon which the pair of planar radiating elements are disposed, at least a majority portion of each of the pair
of planar radiating elements being disposed on a same side of the ground plane; and

one or more isolation rings disposed between the pair of planar radiating elements, the one or more isolation rings being
oriented orthogonal with the first larger surface of the first of the pair of radiating elements and the second larger surface
of the second of the pair of radiating elements, the one or more isolation rings being electrically coupled to the ground
plane with a majority portion of the one or more isolation further being disposed on the same side of the ground plane;

wherein the pair of planar radiating elements and the one or more isolation rings are disposed substantially orthogonal with
respect to a top surface of the ground plane; and

wherein the disposition of the one or more isolation rings between the pair of radiating elements improves upon an isolation
measure between the pair of radiating elements.

US Pat. No. 9,647,338

COUPLED ANTENNA STRUCTURE AND METHODS

Pulse Finland Oy, Ouluns...

1. A coupled antenna apparatus, comprising:
a first radiator element comprising a closed structure, the closed structure comprising a conductive ring-like structure;
one or more second radiator elements that are disposed proximate to the first radiator element, at least one of the one or
more second radiator elements being coupled to a first ground point; and

a third radiator element that is disposed proximate to the one or more second radiator elements, the third radiator element
being coupled to a feed port and a second ground point;

wherein the first radiator element, the one or more second radiator elements and the third radiator element are not in galvanic
connection with one another;

wherein the conductive ring-like structure comprises one or more protruding conductive portions that are configured to optimize
one or more operating parameters of the coupled antenna apparatus;

wherein the one or more protruding conductive portions outwardly project from an external perimeter of the conductive ring-like
structure; and

wherein the conductive ring-like structure as well as the one or more protruding conductive portions comprises a floating
structure that is free from both a galvanic coupling to a feed structure and a ground structure.

US Pat. No. 9,979,089

DUAL POLARIZED ANTENNA APPARATUS AND METHODS

PULSE FINLAND OY, Ouluns...

1. A dual polarized radio frequency antenna apparatus, comprising:a first radiator component configured to communicate radio frequency waves of a first polarization;
a second radiator component configured to communicate radio frequency waves of a second polarization;
a first feed component galvanically coupled to the first radiator component; and
a second feed component galvanically coupled to the second radiator component, the first and the second feed components configured to communicate radio frequency waves of the first and the second polarization, respectively;
wherein:
the first feed component comprises a first planar conductor characterized by a longitudinal dimension and a transverse dimension;
the second feed component comprises a second planar conductor characterized by a longitudinal dimension and a transverse dimension;
the longitudinal dimension of the second feed component being arranged parallel with the longitudinal dimension of the first feed component;
the transverse dimension of the second feed component being arranged perpendicular with the transverse dimension of the first feed component;
the first planar conductor and the second planar conductor configured to face a given quadrant;
an orientation of the first polarization and an orientation of the second polarization are configured at an angle with respect to one another, the angle selected from the range between 85 and 95 degrees, inclusive;
the first radiator component is configured at the angle with respect to the second radiator component;
the first feed component comprises:
a first planar ground conductor; and
a first planar dielectric substrate comprising a first planar surface configured to support the first planar conductor and a second planar surface configured to support the first planar ground conductor; and
the second feed component comprises:
a second planar ground conductor; and
a second planar dielectric substrate comprising a third planar surface configured to support the second planar conductor and a fourth planar surface configured to support the second planar ground conductor.

US Pat. No. 9,973,228

ANTENNA APPARATUS WITH AN INTEGRATED PROXIMITY SENSOR AND METHODS

Pulse Finland Oy, Oulu (...

1. A method of operating an antenna with an integrated proximity sensor, the method comprising:detecting a change in capacitance at the proximity sensor via a discrete sensor element, the discrete sensor element being galvanically coupled to the integrated proximity sensor and capacitively coupled to a grounded antenna component;
capacitively coupling the grounded antenna component with both the discrete sensor element and a feed element of the antenna;
based, at least in part, on the detecting the change in capacitance by the proximity sensor, sending, from the proximity sensor, a message indicating a presence of a human body; and
lowering a transmit power of the antenna based, at least in part, on a receipt of the message.

US Pat. No. 10,069,209

CAPACITIVELY COUPLED ANTENNA APPARATUS AND METHODS

Pulse Finland OY, Ouluns...

1. A mobile device, comprising:a housing;
a wireless transceiver;
an antenna in signal communication with the wireless transceiver and disposed substantially within or on the housing, the antenna comprising a high-band feed and a low-band feed; and
a tuner in electrical communication with the antenna;
wherein the antenna is tuned using at least the tuner such that low antenna matching exists in a freespace condition, and capacitive loading imparted by a user during use of the mobile device further optimizes the antenna matching during such use without use of the tuner and separation of the high-band feed from the low-band feed is configured to improve a performance of the antenna in the freespace operating condition and in a capacitively loaded operating condition compared to performance of the antenna without the separation.

US Pat. No. 9,917,346

CHASSIS-EXCITED ANTENNA APPARATUS AND METHODS

Pulse Finland OY, Ouluns...

1. An antenna apparatus for use in a portable communications device, the device comprising a metal enclosure having a plurality
of sides, the device substantially housing an electronics assembly comprising a ground and at least one feed port, the antenna
apparatus comprising:
a first antenna assembly configured to operate in a first frequency band, the first antenna assembly comprising:
a first radiator element comprising a dielectric substrate, the dielectric substrate comprising opposing first and second
surfaces, the first surface of the dielectric substrate being in contact with a first side of the metal enclosure and the
opposing second surface comprising a planar radiator structure disposed substantially parallel to the first side and the first
surface of the dielectric substrate, where the first radiator element is disposed on an exterior surface of the first side,
and the planar radiator structure faces outward with respect to the metal enclosure; and

a first feed conductor disposed along a first side of the metal enclosure and fed through an opening located on the first
side; and

a second antenna assembly configured to operate in a second frequency band, the second antenna assembly comprising a second
radiator element and a second feed conductor disposed along a second side of the metal enclosure;

wherein (i) at least a portion of the first side of the metal enclosure, (ii) the first radiator element, and (iii) at least
a portion of the first feed conductor disposed along the first side of the metal enclosure are configured to together form
a first coupled loop antenna structure; and

wherein (i) at least a portion of the second side of the metal enclosure, (ii) the second radiator element, and (iii) at least
a portion of the second feed conductor disposed along the second side of the metal enclosure are configured to together form
a second coupled loop antenna structure.

US Pat. No. 9,917,375

BROADBAND OMNI-DIRECTIONAL DUAL-POLARIZED ANTENNA APPARATUS AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURING AND USE

Pulse Finland OY, Ouluns...

1. A multiple-in multiple-out (MIMO) antenna apparatus, comprising:
a vertically polarized antenna element; and
a horizontally polarized antenna element;
wherein the horizontally polarized antenna element comprises:
a translucent material that enables at least a portion of the horizontally polarized antenna element to meet an aesthetical
design goal;

a plurality of broadband array elements, each broadband array element comprising a plurality of low band dipole elements;
and

a plurality of high band apertures, each of the plurality of high band apertures being positioned between adjacently disposed
low band dipole elements.

US Pat. No. 9,991,590

SHORT-RANGE ANTENNA STRUCTURE AND METHODS

PULSE FINLAND OY, Ouluns...

6. A wireless enabled mobile device, comprising:a short-range radio frequency antenna comprising at least one loop, the at least one loop comprising a first radiating portion and a second portion, the second portion disposed proximate one or more metallic components in the device; and
at least one shielding element disposed proximate the one or more metallic components and configured to shield at least a portion of the second portion from the one or more metallic components;
wherein the short-range radio frequency antenna further comprises a substrate, the first radiating portion and the second portion of the at least one loop being formed on or in the substrate; and
wherein the second portion of the at least one loop comprises an impedance matching portion and the second portion of the at least one loop is disposed between the at least one shielding element.

US Pat. No. 10,211,538

DIRECTIONAL ANTENNA APPARATUS AND METHODS

PULSE FINLAND OY, Ouluns...

1. A wireless communications device, comprising:a radio frequency (RF) component system comprising an antenna feed port; and
a directional chip antenna apparatus, comprising:
a chip component comprising a dielectric material characterized by a plurality of surfaces with a conductive layer disposed on at least one of the plurality of surfaces;
a ground plane component comprising a dielectric substrate having a conductive ground layer disposed thereupon; and
a reflector component comprising a conductive surface;
wherein:
the ground plane comprises a conductor free area, the chip component being disposed at least partially within the conductor free area;
a plane of the conductive ground layer is arranged so as to be substantially perpendicular to the conductive surface of the reflector component; and
the conductive surface of the reflector component is configured to improve a directivity for the directional chip antenna apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,194,220

ANTENNA APPARATUS THAT UTILIZES A UTILITY LINE AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURING AND USE

Pulse Finland OY, Ouluns...

1. A smart metering module, comprising:a wireless reporting portion comprising a helical coil radiator, the helical coil radiator being coupled to an RF transmission path, the RF transmission path configured to couple the helical coil radiator to an RF transceiver integrated circuit;
an enclosure configured to house the RF transceiver integrated circuit, the enclosure further comprising a distribution portion comprising one or more meter sensing electronics, the distribution portion configured to be galvanically separated from the wireless reporting portion; and
a utility line port, the utility line port configured to position a utility line adjacent and parallel with a longitudinal axis of the helical coil radiator, the adjacent and parallel position being configured to electromagnetically couple the utility line with the helical coil radiator in order to increase a radiation efficiency for the helical coil radiator as compared with another helical coil radiator of another smart metering module without an adjacent and parallel utility line.