US Pat. No. 9,243,439

SYSTEM FOR SPEECH ACTIVATED MOVEMENT OF A VEHICLE BACKDOOR

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A vehicle, comprising:
a moveable closure panel;
a system for activating movement of the closure panel, the system configured to:
receive a voice command to move the closure panel,
identify the location of an object in an area surrounding the vehicle,
identify when the object or another object is in an interference zone around the moveable closure panel,
when the object is within a predetermined zone of the area for permitting movement of the closure panel in accordance with
the voice command and not identified in the interference zone, generate an instruction to move the closure panel in accordance
with the voice command, and

when the object or the other object is identified within the interference zone, instruct a user of the vehicle to clear the
interference zone; and

at least one actuator responsive to the instruction to move the closure panel in accordance with the voice command.

US Pat. No. 9,132,839

METHOD AND SYSTEM OF ADJUSTING PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTIC OF VEHICLE CONTROL SYSTEM

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A method of customizing a vehicle component control system of a vehicle, comprising the steps of
creating a performance characteristic including
presenting a stimulus via a stimuli presentation system;
detecting with an actuation sensor actuation of a vehicle component of the vehicle component control system in response to
the stimulus;

determining with a controller the performance characteristic based on the detected actuation; and
storing the performance characteristic in a memory device; and
adapting a vehicle control characteristic of the vehicle component control system based on the performance characteristic.

US Pat. No. 9,233,581

TIRE CONDITION ADVISORY SYSTEM WITH OPTIMUM, ADVISORY AND WARNING STATES

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A tire pressure optimization system for a vehicle, comprising:
a display; and
a controller in communication with the display, the controller programmed to:
receive inflation pressure information indicative of a vehicle tire's inflation pressure,
identify an operating state of the vehicle as being:
in an optimum state when the inflation pressure information indicates the inflation pressure is within an optimum pressure
range, the optimum pressure range indicative of one or more optimum performance characteristics,

in a warning state when the inflation pressure information indicates the inflation pressure is above a warning high pressure
threshold or below a warning low pressure threshold, or

in an advisory state when the inflation pressure information indicates the inflation pressure is within an advisory pressure
range, the advisory pressure range indicative of an undesirable performance characteristic and outside of the warning state
and the optimum state, and

operate the display to output:
an optimum state indication when the operating state is in the optimum state, the optimum state indication including a description
of at least one of the one or more optimum performance characteristics,

a warning indication when the operating state is in the warning state, and
an advisory indication when the operating state is in the advisory state.

US Pat. No. 9,227,635

METHOD AND SYSTEM OF ASSISTING A DRIVER OF A VEHICLE

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A method of assisting a driver of a vehicle, the method comprising the steps of:
identifying a road to be driven by the driver using a position determination unit;
selecting a parameter to assist a driver of the vehicle in driving a segment of the road, the parameter including information
on a location of a boundary along the road and a location of a preferred trajectory to be driven along the road with respect
to the boundary and indicates when to apply a feedback force, the parameter further including a feedback force gradient for
determining the amount of the feedback force to be applied, the feedback force being calculated according to the feedback
force gradient;

determining, via a controller in communication with a sensor system, whether a current trajectory of the vehicle while travelling
the road is deviating from the preferred trajectory of the vehicle along the road; and

providing a feedback operation to assist the driver in guiding the vehicle nearer to the preferred trajectory based on the
selected parameter, the feedback operation including the application of the feedback force.

US Pat. No. 9,278,647

VEHICLE BODY STRUCTURE

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle body structure, comprising:
a vehicle floor;
a first side wall structure extending upward from a first side of the vehicle floor;
a second side wall structure extending upward from a second side of the vehicle floor opposite the first side wall structure,
the vehicle floor, the first side wall structure and the second side wall structure at least partially defining a vehicle
cargo area, the first side wall structure and the second side wall structure each having a plurality of protrusions, the plurality
of protrusions being non-movable;

a rear seat fixedly attached to the vehicle floor and having a seatback movable between an upright orientation and a folded
orientation, a back surface of the seatback at least partially defining the vehicle cargo area with the seatback in the upright
orientation;

a forward shelf having an upper surface and a lower surface with a forward edge extending between the upper surface and the
lower surface and a rearward edge extending between the upper surface and the lower surface, the forward shelf extending from
the first side wall structure to the second side wall structure within the vehicle cargo area, the forward shelf being movable
between a first retention location and a second retention location, the first retention location being defined by a first
horizontal and a first upright surface of a first one of the plurality of protrusions and a second horizontal surface and
a second upright surface of a second one of the plurality of protrusions, the second retention location being defined by a
third horizontal and a third upright surface of a third one of the plurality of protrusions and a fourth horizontal surface
and a fourth upright surface of a fourth one of the plurality of protrusions, the first retention location being defined a
first distance above the vehicle floor, the second retention location being defined at a second distance above the vehicle
floor, the second distance being greater than the first distance such that with the forward shelf in the second retention
location the forward shelf is located proximate an upper end of the seatback with the seatback in the upright orientation,
and with the forward shelf in the second retention location the forward edge of the forward shelf contacts the third upright
surface and a rearward edge of the forward shelf contacts the fourth upright surface restricting horizontal movement of the
forward shelf; and

an aft shelf extending from the first side wall structure to the second side wall structure within the vehicle cargo area
adjacent to the forward shelf, the aft shelf being movable between a horizontal retention location and a vertical retention
location, the horizontal retention location being defined by a fifth horizontal surface of a fifth one of the plurality of
protrusions, the vertical retention location being defined by a fifth upright surface of the fifth one of the plurality of
protrusions and a sixth upright surface of the second one of the plurality of protrusions, of the first and second side wall
structures such that with the aft shelf in the horizontal retention location and the forward shelf in the first retention
location, an upper surface of the forward shelf and an upper surface of the aft shelf are co-planar, the aft shelf and the
forward shelf being separate and movable independent of one another, and

with the seatback in the upright orientation, the aft shelf in the vertical retention location and the forward shelf in the
second retention location, the back surface of the seatback, the forward shelf and the aft shelf define a completely enclosed
storage space between the first and second side surface structures.

US Pat. No. 9,254,724

VEHICLE FRONT SUSPENSION

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle front suspension comprising:
a lower suspension support structure;
a transverse link having an inboard side and an outboard side, the inboard side attached to the lower suspension support structure;
a steering knuckle having an upper end, a lower end, and a wheel supporting section between the upper end and the lower end,
with the lower end pivotally coupled to the outboard side of the transverse link; and

a lower knuckle breakaway structure formed on the steering knuckle to release the steering knuckle from the transverse link
upon application of a prescribed rearward directed force on the vehicle front suspension outboard of the lower suspension
support structure.

US Pat. No. 9,403,492

VEHICLE BODY STRUCTURE

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle body structure comprising:
a rear body panel having an outboard facing surface and a rearward facing surface, the outboard facing surface having a front
peripheral edge, the rearward facing surface having an inboard peripheral edge, the outboard facing surface being a substantially
upright surface and defining at least one alignment aperture, the rearward facing surface being an inclined surface relative
to a vertical direction and a horizontal direction;

an exterior trim panel having a finished surface and an attachment surface, the exterior trim panel further having a first
section extending rearward from the front peripheral edge along the outboard facing surface and a second section that extends
in a lateral inboard direction from a rearward end of the first section along the rearward facing surface to the inboard peripheral
edge, the attachment surface including at least one alignment pin that extends into the at least one alignment aperture;

a plurality of first attachment clips attached to the attachment surface at spaced apart locations along the first section,
each of the first attachment clips being attached to the rear body panel along the outboard facing surface in order to prevent
movement of the first section of the exterior trim panel in directions normal to the outboard facing surface at corresponding
ones of the spaced apart locations of the outboard facing surface; and

a second attachment clip fixed to the attachment surface at a location along the second section such that the second attachment
clip is attached to the rear body panel along the rearward facing surface adjacent to the inboard peripheral edge, the second
attachment clip being configured to prevent deflection of the second section relative to the first section.

US Pat. No. 9,151,628

ASSOCIATING PARKING AREAS WITH DESTINATIONS

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A vehicle comprising:
a processor configured to execute instructions stored on a non-transitory computer readable medium to:
identify transportation network information representing a vehicle transportation network, the vehicle transportation network
including a primary destination, wherein identifying the transportation network information includes identifying the transportation
network information such that the transportation network information includes parking area information representing a plurality
of parking areas, wherein each parking area from the plurality of parking areas corresponds with a respective location in
the vehicle transportation network, and such that the parking area information includes automatically generated parking area
association information describing an association between at least one parking area from the plurality of parking areas and
the primary destination,

determine a target parking area from the plurality of parking areas for the primary destination based on the transportation
network information, and

identify a route from an origin to the target parking area in the vehicle transportation network using the transportation
network information; and

a trajectory controller configured to operate the vehicle to travel from the origin to the target parking area using the route.

US Pat. No. 9,457,707

VEHICLE AUXILIARY LAMP UNIT

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A vehicle auxiliary lamp unit comprising:
a first circuit board having a plurality of first light sources and at least one aperture; and
an elongated light pipe having a proximal end and a distal end, the proximal end being located by the first circuit board
and arranged to receive light from a first of the plurality of first light sources,

the proximal end of the elongated light pipe including at least one locating projection that is received by the at least one
aperture of the first circuit board.

US Pat. No. 9,379,398

APPARATUS AND METHOD OF IN SITU CATALYST DEGRADATION DETECTION DURING FUEL CELL OPERATION

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A method of detecting fuel cell catalyst degradation in-situ comprising:
supplying humidified hydrogen to an anode of a fuel cell;
supplying humidified nitrogen to a cathode of the fuel cell;
repeatedly cycling a cell potential of the fuel cell, a cycle including varying the cell potential to a first potential simulating
a vehicle stop, to a second potential simulating a vehicle start, and back to the first potential, the cycling occurring while
humidified hydrogen is continuously flowing through the anode and humidified nitrogen is continuously flowing through the
cathode;

collecting exhaust gas from the fuel cell during cycling in a collection cell having a level of liquid; and
detecting a content of a particular gas in the collected exhaust gas with a gas detector.

US Pat. No. 9,278,673

VEHICLE BODY ASSEMBLY

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle body assembly comprising
an actuator mechanism directly attached to one of a steering column assembly and a steering wheel, the actuator mechanism
including a lever movable between a first position and a second position, the actuator mechanism is further operably connected
to a vehicle transmission; and

a controller operably connected to the actuator mechanism, a vehicle transmission and to a trailer connector, one of the controller
and the lever including a switch having a transmission shifting setting and a trailer brake setting such that with the switch
in the transmission mode setting movement of the lever of the actuator mechanism controls manual gear shifting functions of
the vehicle transmission and with the switch in the trailer brake setting the lever of the actuator mechanism controls braking
of the trailer braking system such that in response to the lever moving from the first position toward the second position,
the controller transmits a braking signal to the trailer connector corresponding to activation of a trailer braking system
of a trailer.

US Pat. No. 9,986,656

MULTI-RECEPTACLE HOUSING ASSEMBLY

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A multi-receptacle housing assembly comprising:an electrical device housing having a projection extending from an upper surface thereof;
a plurality of electrical receptacles, each electrical receptacle having a clamping end and a terminal end, the terminal end having electrical connector openings;
a clamping assembly having a first clamping member, a second clamping member and a cover support section, the first clamping member having a lower section configured to clamp to a first side of the projection, the second clamping member having a lower section configured to clamp to a second side of the projection, an upper section of the first clamping member and an upper section of the second clamping member being configured to receive and support a plurality of electric receptacles therebetween such that with the first clamping member and the second clamping member being drawn toward one another clamping to the projection, the upper sections of the first and second clamping members clamping the clamping ends of each of the plurality of electrical receptacles therebetween with the terminal end and the electrical connector openings being exposed, the cover support section being attached to at least one of the first clamping member and the second clamping member; and
a cover removably connected to the cover support section of the clamping assembly covering the upper section of the first clamping section, the upper section of the second clamping member and the cover support section, the cover defining an opening with a portion of each of the plurality of electrical openings extending there through such that the terminal end and the electrical connector openings of each of the plurality of electric receptacles is exposed.

US Pat. No. 9,376,142

VEHICLE SUPPORT STRUCTURE

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle support structure comprising:
a vehicle floor including a structural member rigidly attached to a lower surface of the vehicle floor;
a vehicle frame attached to the vehicle floor and including a frame member that extends adjacent to and spaced apart from
the structural member; and

a restraining member having a first end section attached to a first side of the structural member, a second end section attached
to a second side of the structural member, and a restraining section extending from the first end section to the second end
section, with the restraining member at least partially encircling the frame member and being spaced apart from the frame
member with a limited range of non-contacting movement between the restraining member and the frame member.

US Pat. No. 9,251,709

LATERAL VEHICLE CONTACT WARNING SYSTEM

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A vehicle contact warning system comprising:
a detector system configured to detect a distance between a remote vehicle and a host vehicle equipped with the vehicle contact
warning system and whether a signal indicator on the remote vehicle is activated;

a controller programmed to determine whether at least one of a signal indicator on the host vehicle is activated by a driver
of the host vehicle and a speed at which the distance between the host vehicle and the remote vehicle is decreasing is greater
than a predetermined speed; and

a warning indicator configured to notify the driver of the host vehicle upon the detector system detecting the signal indicator
on the remote vehicle and the controller determining that at least one of the signal indicator of the host vehicle is activated
and the speed at which the distance between the host vehicle and the remote vehicle is decreasing is greater than the predetermined
speed.

US Pat. No. 9,248,729

VEHICLE DOOR STRUCTURE

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle door structure comprising:
a first panel at least partially defining a first window opening and having a first edge portion extending along a lower periphery
of the first window opening from a first side toward a second side of the first window opening, the first window opening defining
a lengthwise direction that is horizontally oriented, the first edge portion defining a seal supporting lip and a glass installation
slot, the seal supporting lip extending in the lengthwise direction from the first side of the first window opening toward
the second side of the first window opening to a terminal end of the seal supporting lip that is spaced apart in the lengthwise
direction from the second side of the first window opening, the glass installation slot beginning at the terminal end of the
seal supporting lip and ending proximate the second side of the first window opening; and

a support bracket removably attached to the first panel substantially filling the glass installation slot, the support bracket
having a lip extension aligned with the seal supporting lip that extends in the lengthwise direction from the terminal end
of the seal supporting lip to the second side of the first window opening.

US Pat. No. 9,212,246

METHODS OF PRODUCING CROSS-LINKED POLYMER ELECTROLYTE MEMBRANES HAVING FREE-RADICAL SCAVENGERS

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A method of preparing a crosslinked polymer having increased chemical durability, the method comprising:
polymerizing, using an initiator with light irradiation or heat treatment, a styrenated crosslinkable monomer having the following
linear chain formula CH2?CH—C6H4—CH2—O—(CX2)n—O—CH2—C6H4—CH?CH2, wherein X=F and n=6-14 or X=H and n=6-18, with a styrene-based comonomer having the formula CH2?CH—C6H4—Y, wherein Y=SO3H+ or Rf—SO3H+, with Rf=—(CF2)m—O—CF2CF2— and m=2-7, and a free-radical scavenger CH2?CH—C6H4—Z, wherein Z=OH or NH2, and the crosslinked polymer has the following Structure A:


US Pat. No. 9,199,558

VEHICLE SEAT ASSEMBLY

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle seat assembly, comprising:
a seatback including a seatback frame having a first frame member and a second frame member extending along opposite lateral
sides thereof, the first frame member having a forward edge and a rearward edge relative to the seatback being in an upright
orientation;

an airbag positioned along the first frame member and being deployable from a stowed orientation to a deployed orientation
from an outboard lateral side of the first frame member such that in the deployed orientation at least a portion of the airbag
is located forward of the forward edge of the first frame member; and

a guide member having a guide portion and an attachment portion joined at a forward portion of the guide member, the attachment
portion being non-movably attached to the first frame member supporting the guide portion, at least the guide portion of the
guide member being disposed between the first frame member and the second frame member, a rear edge of the guide portion being
cantilevered out from the first frame member with the rear edge being spaced apart from the first frame member and, the guide
member being configured to deflect a portion of an occupant of the vehicle seat assembly toward the airbag forward of the
forward edge of the first frame member with the airbag in the deployed orientation in response to a lateral impact event.

US Pat. No. 9,150,187

CURTAIN AIRBAG ASSEMBLY

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A curtain airbag for providing multiple coverage areas over a window opening, comprising:
a shared panel sized to span a height of the window opening upon deployment of the curtain airbag, the shared panel having
an upper periphery, an opposing lower periphery and a central portion between the upper periphery and the lower periphery;

a first auxiliary panel connected to the shared panel at least along the upper periphery and along the central portion of
the shared panel to define a first inflatable chamber configured for inflation to at least partially provide a first coverage
area; and

a second auxiliary panel connected to the shared panel at least along the lower periphery and along the central portion of
the shared panel to define a second inflatable chamber configured for inflation to at least partially provide a second coverage
area, wherein a common seam connects both the first auxiliary panel and the second auxiliary panel to the shared panel along
the central portion of the shared panel.

US Pat. No. 9,428,111

VEHICLE VIDEO SYSTEM

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A method for capturing and displaying images, the method comprising:
fixedly attaching a first video camera to a vehicle at a first fixed location in a prescribed orientation aimed to capture
images of a cargo area defined within a vehicle body structure of a vehicle;

providing an electronic display within the vehicle;
capturing video images of the cargo area using the first video camera;
processing the video images of the cargo area captured by the first video camera and generating a simulated video overhead
view of the cargo area; and

displaying on the electronic display a still image representing an overhead view of the vehicle, and superimposing on the
display over an area of the still image corresponding to the location of the cargo area the generated simulated video overhead
view of the cargo area.

US Pat. No. 9,376,055

ILLUMINATED EMBLEM

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. An emblem device comprising:
a back plate;
an emblem overlying the back plate, and having a translucent portion and an opaque portion, the translucent portion including
an inner translucent portion and an outer translucent portion, the emblem has an inner periphery and an outer periphery, and
the inner translucent portion is adjacent the inner periphery and the outer translucent portion is adjacent the outer periphery;
and

a lighting device disposed between the emblem and the back plate, and being configured and arranged to be able to disperse
light though the translucent portion of the emblem.

US Pat. No. 9,328,891

VEHICLE LAMP UNIT

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A vehicle lamp unit comprising:
a lamp housing configured to be mounted to a vehicle;
a bezel member having a front side facing away from the lamp housing, a back side facing the lamp housing, and a cover trim
portion extending from the front side;

a light pipe structure having at least one pipe portion disposed on the front side of the bezel member and a mounting flange
disposed underneath the cover trim portion; and

a fastener extending through a first opening of the mounting flange of the light pipe structure and a second opening of the
bezel member.

US Pat. No. 9,327,359

TAP TOOL ASSEMBLY

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A tap tool assembly comprising:
a tap having a thread cutting section and a shaft section, the tap further including a flat surface formed on the shaft section
adjacent to one end of the threaded cutting section;

a retaining member fixed to the shaft section of the tap adjacent to the first end of the thread cutting section, the retaining
member being installed to the shaft portion in alignment with the flat surface; and

a sleeve having a central bore extending therethrough, a surface of the sleeve that defines the central bore having a shoulder,
the sleeve being coupled to the shaft section of the tap for movement between a first position completely covering the thread
cutting section and a second position exposing at least a portion of the thread cutting section, the sleeve being biased to
move toward the first position.

US Pat. No. 9,200,907

METHOD OF DETERMINING FREQUENCY OF VEHICLE WASHES

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A method for determining whether a vehicle was washed at a carwash, comprising:
recording with a computer navigation data for a vehicle obtained via a GPS unit associated with the vehicle;
identifying a location of each carwash in the navigation data;
identifying with the computer that the vehicle was located at a carwash based on the recorded navigation data and the location
of each carwash in the navigation data;

identifying at least one indication that the vehicle was washed while located at the carwash;
determining that the vehicle was washed at the carwash if the vehicle was located at the carwash and at least one indication
is identified that the vehicle was washed while located at the carwash;

recording a number of times in a term that the vehicle was washed; and
using the number of times in a reassessment of vehicle resale value.

US Pat. No. 9,150,165

VEHICLE CAMERA ASSEMBLY

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle camera assembly comprising:
a pedestal having an interior surface and an exterior surface with a lens receiving opening extending from the interior surface
to the exterior surface, the interior surface including a bracket attachment structure having at least one projection extending
from the interior surface such that a recess is defined between a portion of the interior surface and the at least one projection;

a bracket having a first surface, a second surface opposite the first surface with an outer peripheral edge that completely
encircles an outer periphery of the bracket, the outer peripheral edge extending from the first surface to the second surface,
the bracket being attached to the bracket attachment structure with a portion of the outer peripheral edge of the bracket,
a portion of the first surface and a portion of the second surface being retained within the recess with the portion of the
second surface facing and contacting the projection and the first surface facing the interior surface of the pedestal;

a camera retained between the bracket and the pedestal, the camera having a lens portion that is aligned with the lens receiving
opening of the pedestal;

an emblem attached to the exterior surface of the pedestal and is spaced apart from the lens receiving opening.

US Pat. No. 9,096,178

VEHICLE BODY STRUCTURE

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle body structure, comprising
a vehicle floor;
a first side wall structure extending upward from a first side of the vehicle floor;
a second side wall structure extending upward from a second side of the vehicle floor opposite the first side wall structure,
the vehicle floor, the first side wall structure and the second side wall structure at least partially defining a vehicle
cargo area, the first and second wall structures each having a plurality of first shelf supporting surfaces and a plurality
of first shelf guiding surfaces aligned with one another, the plurality of first shelf supporting surfaces defining a first
retention location and a second retention location, and the plurality of first shelf guiding surfaces defining a first movement
path extending between the first retention location and the second retention location; and

a first shelf configured to move from the first retention location to the second retention location along the first movement
path, such that with the first shelf positioned in the first retention location the first shelf extends horizontally from
the first side wall structure to the second side wall structure at a first distance above the vehicle floor, with the first
shelf positioned in the second retention location the first shelf extends horizontally from the first side wall structure
to the second side wall structure at a second distance above the vehicle floor, the second distance being greater than the
first distance, and with the first shelf moved into the first movement path the first shelf is positioned in an inclined orientation
by contact with at least a portion of the first shelf guiding surfaces that guide movement of the first shelf from the first
retention location to the second retention location.

US Pat. No. 9,057,833

VEHICLE MIRROR ASSEMBLY

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. An exterior vehicle mirror assembly comprising:
a base having a mounting portion configured to attach to an exterior vehicle panel;
a mirror housing attached to the base and extending from the base; and
a camera housing having a first end, a mid-section and a distal end, the mid-section extending from the first end to the distal
end, the first end being attached to the base, the mid-section of the camera housing extending from the first end such that
the mirror housing and the camera housing extend away from the base in respective directions that are substantially parallel
to one another with the mirror housing in an in-use orientation, the mid-section and the distal end of the camera housing
being spaced apart from the mirror housing, and the camera housing being free from contact with the mirror housing.

US Pat. No. 9,457,723

VEHICLE STORAGE TRAY ASSEMBLY

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle storage tray assembly comprising:
a first member having a first planar surface and a second planar surface that are parallel to one another with a first cut-out
extending from the first planar surface to the second planar surface;

a second member having a third planar surface and a fourth planar surface that are parallel to one another with a second cut-out
extending from the third planar surface to the fourth planar surface, the second cut-out being aligned with the first cut-out
with the first member overlaying and being attached to the second member; and

a third member having a fifth planar surface and a sixth planar surface that are parallel to one another, the third member
having a plurality of first shaped surfaces extending from the fifth planar surface to the sixth planar surface, the third
member being inserted into the second cut-out with at least a portion of the third member being restrained within the second
cut-out such that the first cut-out, the second cut-out and the plurality of first shaped surfaces of the third member define
a concave storage space, and the first planar surface of the first member is adhered to the third planar surface of the second
member.

US Pat. No. 9,243,441

SYSTEM FOR REMOTELY REQUESTING ACTIVATION OF A VEHICLE FUNCTION

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A system for activating a vehicle function, comprising:
a remote controller, the remote controller configured to:
receive, prior to a user approaching an associated vehicle, a request from the user to have a vehicle function activated when
the user approaches the associated vehicle, and

transmit request signals indicating the request at predetermined intervals of time from receipt of the request from the user
until at least a first request signal is received by a vehicle controller; and

a first communication range defined around the vehicle controller in which the vehicle controller is capable of receiving
the request signals from the remote controller, wherein the request from the user is made outside of the first communication
range, the vehicle controller configured to generate an instruction to activate the vehicle function in accordance with the
request when at least the first request signal is received by the vehicle controller.

US Pat. No. 9,187,135

VEHICLE BODY STRUCTURE

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A vehicle body structure comprising:
a pillar structure having a box section defining a pillar cavity;
a roof rail structure having a box section defining a roof rail cavity in communication with the pillar cavity;
a reinforcement member positioned in and extending through the pillar cavity and the roof rail cavity; and
a reinforcement bracket having a first attachment portion attached to the pillar structure at a first location, a second attachment
portion attached to the pillar structure at a second location opposite the first location, and a body portion extending across
the pillar cavity between the first attachment portion and the second attachment portion, the body portion being attached
to the reinforcement member on an upper side and an outboard side of the reinforcement member.

US Pat. No. 9,457,698

HEADREST SUPPORT ROD AND METHOD OF MAKING A HEADREST

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A headrest support rod, comprising:
a first hollow tubular portion including a first end and a second end, and having a first opening at the first end, the first
opening being configured to receive filler material from an injection pump, and being configured to be disposed at least partially
outside of the headrest;

a second hollow tubular portion coupled to the first hollow tubular portion, the second hollow tubular portion including a
first end, a second end, and a second opening, and being configured to be disposed at least partially inside the headrest,
the second end of the second hollow tubular portion being closed,

the first hollow tubular portion being configured to enable the filler material to be transmitted from the first opening to
the second hollow tubular portion, and the second hollow tubular portion being configured so as to enable the filler material
to pass through the second opening to form the headrest.

US Pat. No. 9,448,559

AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE ROUTING AND NAVIGATION USING PASSENGER DOCKING LOCATIONS

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. An autonomous vehicle comprising:
a processor configured to execute instructions stored on a non-transitory computer readable medium to:
identify vehicle transportation network information representing a vehicle transportation network, the vehicle transportation
network including a primary destination, wherein identifying the vehicle transportation network information includes identifying
the vehicle transportation network information such that the vehicle transportation network information includes docking location
information representing a plurality of docking locations, wherein each docking location from the plurality of docking locations
corresponds with a respective location in the vehicle transportation network,

determine a target docking location, from the plurality of docking locations, for the primary destination based on the vehicle
transportation network information, and

identify a route from an origin to the target docking location in the vehicle transportation network using the vehicle transportation
network information; and

a trajectory controller configured to operate the autonomous vehicle to travel from the origin to the target docking location
using the route.

US Pat. No. 9,403,433

SHIFTER CABLE ASSEMBLY OF A VEHICLE

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A shifter cable assembly of a vehicle, comprising:
a vehicle panel selected from a floor panel and a dash wall panel;
a transmission disposed on a first side of the vehicle panel;
a shift member disposed on a second side of the vehicle panel opposite the first side;
a mounting bracket rigidly attached to the vehicle panel;
a sealing grommet having a sealing portion sandwiched between the mounting bracket and the vehicle panel, and a conduit portion;
a shifter cable received by the conduit portion of the sealing grommet, with a first end of the shifter cable connected to
the transmission, and a second end of the shifter cable connected to the shift member; and

a damper member connected to the mounting bracket, the mounting bracket being positioned between the damper member and the
vehicle panel, the damper member being configured to reduce application to the mounting bracket of vibration generated by
the transmission.

US Pat. No. 9,331,484

SYSTEMS AND METHODS OF CONTROLLING BATTERY DETERIORATION BY CONTROLLING BATTERY TEMPERATURE DURING POWER EXCHANGE

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A battery deterioration control system comprising:
charging stations for vehicles operable to exchange power between batteries connected to the charging stations and a power
grid, the charging stations or power grid having a power exchange controller operable to control the exchange of power between
the batteries of the vehicles and the power grid, the power exchange controller programmed to:

receive from the charging stations a battery temperature of each of a plurality of batteries connected to the charging stations;
receive a total power demand from the power grid and each of the plurality of batteries connected to a charging station; and
determine a power exchange with each of the plurality of batteries based on the total power demand and an equalized temperature
determined from each battery temperature, wherein the power exchange for each of a plurality of batteries is determined so
that the battery temperature of each of the plurality of batteries during the power exchange is adjusted to the equalized
temperature.

US Pat. No. 9,248,839

VEHICLE INTERFACE SYSTEM

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A vehicle interface system comprising:
a steering wheel;
a contact sensor system including a first sensor configured to detect a first contact condition at a first predetermined location
on the steering wheel and a second sensor configured to detect a second contact condition at a second predetermined location;

a user input device; and
a controller configured to selectively enter a user input device controlling mode in which the controller determines whether
the first and second contact conditions simultaneously exist at the first and second predetermined locations, respectively,
controls the user input device to change from a deactivated state during which the user input device refrains from providing
input to the controller to an activated state during which the user input device provides input to the controller in response
to the first and second contact conditions simultaneously existing at the first and second predetermined locations, respectively,
provides an indication of entering the activated state of the user input device, controls the user input device to remain
in the activated state while the controller determines that the first contact condition exists at the first predetermined
location, controls the user input device to change from the activated state to the deactivated state upon determining that
the first contact condition no longer exists at the first predetermined location, and controls the user input device to return
to the deactivated state after receiving the input from the user input device.

US Pat. No. 9,150,156

VEHICLE MIRROR ASSEMBLY

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle mirror assembly comprising:
a vehicle attachment member configured for attachment to a vehicle;
a mirror housing telescopically coupled to the vehicle attachment member between a retracted position and an extended position
relative to the vehicle attachment member, the mirror housing defining a camera receiving recess;

a mirror coupled to the mirror housing; and
a camera coupled to the vehicle attachment member and disposed in the camera receiving recess of the mirror housing at a fixed
position relative to the vehicle attachment member while the mirror housing is moved between the extended position and the
retracted position.

US Pat. No. 9,487,061

METHOD FOR PREVENTING WATER INTRUSION IN VEHICLE SYSTEMS

Nissan North America, Inc...

2. An apparatus for preventing water intrusion into an ambient air intake valve of a vehicle, comprising: an evaporative emissions
system having the ambient air inlet valve operable to move from a closed position to an open position in response to an open
signal requesting intake of air and a closed signal; and a control system that is operable to: receive a request from the
evaporative emissions system to open the ambient air inlet valve, when there is indication that the vehicle is towing a trailer
with a trailer wiring sensor or by comparing at least one engine operating parameter to a threshold value, determine whether
a submergence risk criteria is present, the submergence risk criteria comprising one or more of: vehicle speed below a threshold
speed with a speed sensor; an inclination angle of the vehicle greater than a threshold inclination with an inclination sensor;
and driving in a reverse driving mode with a transmission sensor; transmit the open signal to the ambient air inlet valve,
in response to the request to open the ambient air inlet valve, if one or more of the submergence risk criteria is not present;
and block the open signal to the ambient air inlet valve, in response to the request to open the ambient air net valve, if
one or more of the submergence risk criteria are present.

US Pat. No. 9,457,649

VEHICLE FUEL VAPOR RECOVERY SYSTEM

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle fuel filler tube assembly comprising:
a fuel filler tube having an outer surface, a fuel receiving end and a fuel tank attachment end opposite the fuel receiving
end, the fuel filler tube having a cylindrical shape proximate the fuel receiving end;

a cap protector having a first surface defining a fuel filler compartment and a second surface opposite the first surface
outside of the fuel filler compartment, the cap protector defining an upper tube receiving opening that extends from the first
surface to the second surface with the fuel filler tube extending therethrough, the cap protector defining an upper vent inlet
opening that extends from the first surface to the second surface at a location spaced apart from the upper tube receiving
opening;

a collar circumscribing the fuel receiving end of the fuel filler tube, the collar comprising:
an end wall having an inner surface and an outer surface with a tube receiving surface extending from the inner surface to
the outer surface and defining a lower tube receiving opening having a first diameter, the fuel filler tube extending through
the lower tube receiving opening with the tube receiving surface contacting the outer surface of the fuel filler tube; and

a side wall extending from the end wall, the side wall having a first end that is contiguous with the end wall and a second
end opposite the end wall, the side wall having an inner collar surface and an outer collar surface that both have an arcuate
contour defining a cylindrical shape, the second end having a flat arcuate end surface that contacts the second surface of
the cap protector, the side wall and the outer surface of the fuel filler tube defining a gap therebetween at the second end,
the gap further defining a lower vent inlet opening, the lower vent inlet opening having a second diameter defined by the
inner collar surface at the second end, the second diameter being larger than the first diameter, the flat arcuate end surface
of the second end of the side wall encircling the upper vent inlet opening and the upper tube receiving opening, the side
wall further defining a chamber opening spaced apart from the second end that extends from the inner collar surface to the
outer collar surface, the inner collar surface including a plurality of first ribs and a plurality of second ribs that protrude
in a radially inward directions and extend along the arcuate contours of the inner collar surface, the plurality of first
ribs being parallel to one another, at least one of the plurality of second ribs extending between a first one of the plurality
of first ribs to a second one of the plurality of first ribs, such that the plurality of first ribs, the plurality of second
ribs, the lower vent inlet opening and the outer surface of the fuel filler tube define a non-linear labyrinth path between
the upper vent inlet opening and the chamber opening.

US Pat. No. 9,375,994

VEHICLE ENGINE WARM-UP APPARATUS

Nissan North America, Inc...

7. A vehicle engine warm-up apparatus for a vehicle having a passenger compartment, comprising:
a vehicle engine within the vehicle and having a coolant passage defined therein;
a heating system having a heater core in fluid communication with the coolant passage of the vehicle engine receiving coolant
from the coolant passage of the vehicle engine, the heater core of the heating system being operable to provide heat to a
passenger compartment of the vehicle;

a coolant temperature sensor measuring temperature of the coolant flowing through the coolant passage of the vehicle engine;
a coolant heater located within the coolant passage and within the vehicle engine and operable to heat the coolant flowing
through the coolant passage of the vehicle engine;

a heating system sensor detecting operational states of the heating system, wherein the operational states of the heating
system include a heat requested operating state and a no-heat requested operating state, and

a controller operably connected to the coolant temperature sensor, the coolant heater and the heating system sensor, the controller
being configured to operate the coolant heater with the vehicle engine running to increase a rate of heating of the coolant
to more rapidly make heat available to the heating system in response to determining that two conditions are met, first that
the coolant temperature is below a first temperature threshold, and, second that the heating system is in the heat requested
operating state.

US Pat. No. 9,327,579

VEHICLE ENGINE WARM-UP APPARATUS

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle engine warm-up apparatus comprising:
a coolant temperature sensor configured to measure a temperature of coolant in a cooling system of a vehicle engine;
an intake temperature sensor configured to measure a temperature of combustion air entering the vehicle engine;
an air intake heater configured to heat the combustion air entering the vehicle engine;
a heating system configured to provide heat to a passenger compartment of a vehicle using heat transferred from the vehicle
engine to the coolant; and

a controller operably coupled to the coolant temperature sensor, the intake temperature sensor and the air intake heater,
the controller being configured to operate the air intake heater with the vehicle engine running to increase a rate of heating
of the coolant by the vehicle engine to more rapidly make heat available to the heating system in response to determining
that the air intake temperature is below a first temperature threshold and the coolant temperature is below a second temperature
threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,288,446

VEHICLE VIDEO SYSTEM

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle comprising:
a vehicle body defining a cargo area defining an interior space configured to receive cargo;
a display mounted to the vehicle;
a first video camera fixedly mounted to the vehicle at a first fixed location in a prescribed orientation relative to the
vehicle to capture a video image of the interior space of the cargo area and is also aimed to capture images of an area rear
of the vehicle;

a plurality of additional video cameras fixedly mounted to mutually differing prescribed locations around an outer periphery
of the vehicle in prescribed orientations providing respective video images of areas around the outer periphery of the vehicle;
and

an image processor operatively coupled to the first video camera, the plurality of video cameras and the display, the image
processor being configured to display a still image of the vehicle on the display and to process the video image captured
by the first video camera generating a simulated video overhead view of the interior space of the cargo area and superimpose
the simulated video overhead view of the interior space of the cargo area over a portion of the still image of the vehicle
corresponding to the cargo area on the display, and

the image processor being further configured to process the video images captured by each of the plurality of additional video
cameras, generate further simulated overhead views of the prescribed locations around the outer periphery of the vehicle,
and superimpose the further simulated overhead views to corresponding areas around the still image of the vehicle on the display,
wherein the simulated live overhead view includes images of the cargo area superimposed over the still image of the vehicle
on the display in an area of the still image of the vehicle corresponding to the cargo area and further displaying from the
first video camera images of the area rear of the vehicle on a corresponding rear area of the still image of the vehicle on
the display.

US Pat. No. 9,205,722

VEHICLE WINDOW STRUCTURE

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle window structure comprising
a vehicle body structure defining a window opening with a window supporting portion extending around a periphery of the window
opening;

a window glass having an interior surface, an exterior surface and an outer peripheral edge extending around the window glass
between the interior surface and the exterior surface, the window glass being non-movably fixed to the window supporting portion
at an attachment location; and

a flexible sheet material having a main section and an attachment section, the main section of the flexible sheet material
completely covering the exterior surface of the window glass, the attachment section extending over at least a portion of
the outer peripheral edge of the window glass and away from the exterior surface of the window glass, the attachment section
being fixedly attached to the vehicle body structure at an area spaced apart from the attachment location.

US Pat. No. 9,060,220

AUDIO SPEAKER CABINET

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. An audio speaker cabinet comprising
a side wall structure having a first end, a second end and a side interior surface extending from the first end to the second
end;

a first wall having an interior surface, an exterior surface and a first port opening extending from the interior surface
to the exterior surface, the first wall being fixedly coupled to the first end of the side wall structure;

a second wall having a first surface, a second surface opposite the first surface, a speaker opening extending from the first
surface to the second surface and a second port opening extending from the first surface to the second surface, the second
wall being fixedly coupled to the side interior surface of the side wall structure at a location spaced apart from the first
wall and spaced apart from the second end of the side wall structure, with a first portion of the side wall structure, the
interior surface of the first wall and the first surface of the second wall defining a sealed audio chamber, and with a second
portion of the side wall structure and the second surface of the second wall defining a non-sealed audio chamber;

a sound driver fixed to the second wall and covering the speaker opening;
a port structure extending through the sealed audio chamber from the first port opening in the first wall to the second port
opening in the second wall, an interior of the port structure being sealed relative to the sealed audio chamber, the interior
of the port structure being open to the exterior surface of the first wall at the first port opening and being open to the
non-sealed audio chamber at the second port opening of the second wall;

a sealing wall selectively engage-able with the second end of the side wall structure such that with the sealing wall engaged
with the second end of the side wall structure, the sealing wall further defines the non-sealed audio chamber; and

a compartment structure that includes a first compartment wall and the sealing wall such that with the sealing wall engaged
with the second end of the side wall structure, the first compartment wall encompasses the side wall structure.

US Pat. No. 9,429,181

VEHICLE WHEEL LOCK ASSEMBLY

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle wheel lock assembly, comprising
a main body having a wheel engaging end, a key portion, a first supporting section and a key receiving end opposite wheel
engaging end, the wheel engaging end being configured to fixedly retain a wheel to a vehicle suspension component, the key
portion having a plurality of surface contours defining a first key pattern configured to couple with a tool for torsional
movement of the main body;

a first sleeve having an open end and a closed end, the open end being installed to the first supporting section of the main
body such that the closed end of the first sleeve covers the key receiving end with the key portion exposed relative to the
first sleeve, the first sleeve being retained by the first supporting section for rotation about the central axis of the main
body and being non-movably retained relative to an axial direction of the main body;

a key having a tool receiving portion and a sleeve portion including a hollow interior surface with a second key pattern that
mates with the first key pattern when the key is inserted over the first sleeve, the key receiving end and the key portion;
and

a second sleeve having an overall cylindrical shape that is open at each axial end thereof, and
the main body further comprises a second supporting portion located between the wheel engaging end and the key portion of
the main body, the second sleeve being retained to the second supporting portion surrounding the key portion, the first supporting
section and the first sleeve, such that the second sleeve is retained for rotation about the central axis of the main body
and is non-movably retained relative to the axial direction of the main body, the second sleeve having an inner diameter that
is greater than an outer diameter of the first sleeve and an outer diameter of the key portion such that the second sleeve
and the first sleeve define a key receiving gap therebetween.

US Pat. No. 9,403,746

CROSS-LINKED POLYMER ELECTROLYTE MEMBRANES AND CROSSLINKING MONOMER

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A polymer electrolyte membrane for a fuel cell comprising a crosslinked polymer produced by polymerizing a styrene-based
comonomer with a styrenated crosslinkable monomer comprising the following linear chain formula:
CH2?CH—C6H4—CH2—O—(CX2)n—O—CH2—C6H4—CH?CH2
wherein X is F and n=6-14 or X is H and n=6-18, and the crosslinked polymer has the following Formula A:

wherein Y is SO3H+ or Rf—SO3H+, with Rf=—(CF2)m—O—CF2CF2— and m=2-7, wherein Rf is obtained from I—(CF2)m—O—CF2CF2—SO2F, with m=2-7.

US Pat. No. 9,406,310

VEHICLE VOICE INTERFACE SYSTEM CALIBRATION METHOD

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A vehicle voice interface system calibration method comprising:
electronically convolving voice command data with voice impulse response data representing a voice acoustic signal path between
an artificial mouth simulator present in a passenger compartment of a vehicle and a first microphone present in the passenger
compartment, to simulate a voice acoustic transfer function pertaining to the passenger compartment of the vehicle;

electronically convolving audio system output data with feedback impulse response data representing a feedback acoustic signal
path between a vehicle audio system output and a second microphone present in the passenger compartment, to simulate a feedback
acoustic transfer function pertaining to the passenger compartment of the vehicle;

combining a voice electrical signal representing the simulated voice acoustic transfer function and a feedback electrical
signal representing the simulated feedback acoustic transfer function into a combined electrical signal;

providing the combined electrical signal to a microphone electrical input of the vehicle voice interface system; and
calibrating the vehicle voice interface system to recognize voice commands represented by the voice command data based on
the combined electrical input signal.

US Pat. No. 9,331,364

LITHIUM SULFUR BATTERY PULSE CHARGING METHOD AND PULSE WAVEFORM

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A method of charging a lithium-sulfur battery having at least one unit cell comprising a lithium-containing anode and a
sulfur-containing cathode with an electrolyte layer there between, the method comprising:
while cycling of the lithium-sulfur battery during normal use of the lithium sulfur battery, applying voltage pulses during
an application period, the application period initiated when a battery charge cycle would be initiated, the application period
delaying initiation of the battery charge cycle, wherein the voltage pulses are less than a constant current charging voltage
and dissolve lithium sulfide formed on the sulfur-containing cathode of the battery; and

initiating constant current charging after the application period has elapsed.

US Pat. No. 9,312,595

ANTENNA MOUNTING ASSEMBLY FOR A VEHICLE WITH A SLOPED BODY PANEL

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A vehicle having a vehicle antenna, comprising:
a vehicle body structure supporting a body panel defining a panel aperture, the panel aperture defined by a perimeter edge
of the body panel, wherein the perimeter edge includes a first portion defining a small area portion of the panel aperture
and a second portion defining a large area portion of the panel aperture the aperture extending at an oblique angle to an
axis of the vehicle antenna; and

an antenna mounting base at least partially extending through the panel aperture and comprising:
a vehicle body structure connecting portion connected to the vehicle body structure,
an antenna mounting portion positioned adjacent an exterior surface of the body panel, and
an intermediate portion having a flange extending therefrom, the intermediate portion supporting at least one tab to define
a recess with the flange,

the at least one tab extending downward at the oblique angle to the axis of the vehicle antenna,
the recess being sized and configured to mateably engage at least a portion of the body panel that borders the panel aperture
to couple the antenna mounting base to the body panel, and the recess being further configured for receiving a portion of
the body panel bordering the small area portion of the panel aperture.

US Pat. No. 9,177,478

VEHICLE CONTACT AVOIDANCE SYSTEM

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A vehicle contact avoidance system comprising:
a detection system configured to detect a remote obstacle in proximity to a host vehicle equipped with the vehicle contact
avoidance system, including information related to at least one of a speed, a direction and a distance of the remote obstacle
relative to the host vehicle;

a warning system configured to emit a warning sound to notify a driver of the host vehicle of imminent contact between the
host vehicle and the remote obstacle; and

a controller programmed to determine whether contact between the host vehicle and the remote obstacle is imminent based of
the information supplied to the controller by the detection system, and programmed to cause the warning system to emit the
warning sound, wherein

the warning sound includes a non-speech portion and a language portion.

US Pat. No. 9,156,334

VEHICLE BODY STRUCTURE

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle body structure comprising:
a side wall having a window opening;
a vehicle impact sensor;
a window covering assembly coupled to the side wall and having a plurality of window covering members extending along the
window opening from a first side of the window opening to a second side of the window opening opposite the first side, each
of the plurality of window covering members being configured to pivot between a window exposing orientation and a window covering
orientation, each of the plurality of window covering members pivoting about a corresponding pivot axis, each of the pivot
axes being parallel to one another and located at fixed spaced apart intervals, each of the pivot axes being located along
a first edge of the corresponding one of the plurality of window covering members; and

a control mechanism connected to the vehicle impact sensor and to the plurality of window covering members to rapidly move
the plurality of window covering members to the window covering orientation in response to detection of a vehicle impact event
by the vehicle impact sensor.

US Pat. No. 9,404,761

AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE LANE ROUTING AND NAVIGATION

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. An autonomous vehicle comprising:
a processor configured to execute instructions stored on a non-transitory computer readable medium to:
identify vehicle transportation network information, the vehicle transportation network information including road segment
information representing a plurality of road segments, the road segment information including lane information representing
at least one lane for each respective road segment, wherein the road segment information for at least one road segment from
the plurality of road segments includes lane information representing at least two adjacent lanes,

identify an origin,
identify a destination,
generate a plurality of candidate routes from the origin to the destination based on the transportation network information,
wherein each route from the plurality of routes indicates a distinct combination of road segments and lanes, and wherein at
least one candidate route from the plurality of candidate routes includes at least one of the adjacent lanes, and

identify an optimal route from the plurality of candidate routes, the optimal route having a minimal route cost; and
a trajectory controller configured to operate the autonomous vehicle to travel from the origin to the destination using the
optimal route.

US Pat. No. 9,376,080

VEHICLE INTERIOR TRIM PANEL

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A vehicle interior trim panel comprising:
an external layer defining an aperture, and being configured to overlie a vehicle interior structure and having a portion
configured to be disposed in an aperture between the vehicle interior structure and a handle attached to the vehicle interior
structure; and

a base layer configured to be disposed between the external layer and the vehicle interior structure, without being disposed
between the external layer and the vehicle interior structure at the portion of the external layer disposed between the vehicle
interior structure and the handle, the base layer including an a peripheral edge spaced from the aperture.

US Pat. No. 9,431,662

FUEL CELL ELECTRODES USING HIGH DENSITY SUPPORT MATERIAL

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A method of fabricating a fuel cell electrode comprising:
setting a target volumetric ratio of an ionomer to a high density catalyst support by:
selecting a desired gravimetric ratio of the ionomer to a reference catalyst support and calculating a corresponding volumetric
ratio of the ionomer to the reference catalyst support; and

setting the target volumetric ratio to the corresponding volumetric ratio;
determining a relationship between a gravimetric ratio and a volumetric ratio for the high density catalyst support;
from the target volumetric ratio and the relationship, calculating a target gravimetric ratio of the ionomer to the high density
support;

preparing the catalyst ink from a mass of the ionomer and a mass of the high density support based on the target gravimetric ratio of the ionomer to the high density support; and

coating the catalyst ink onto a membrane to form a catalyst layer on the membrane.

US Pat. No. 9,403,491

VEHICLE CAMERA ASSEMBLY

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle comprising:
a vehicle body structure defining a side facing surface outside the vehicle body structure extending from adjacent a front
end of the vehicle to adjacent a rear end of the vehicle, an inner facing surface, opposite to the side facing surface, extending
from adjacent the front end to adjacent the rear end and a passenger compartment within the vehicle body structure;

a base member fixedly mounted to the inner facing surface;
a video camera moveably supported to the base member for linear movement between a retracted orientation adjacent to the side
facing surface and an extended orientation extended outward away from the side facing surface to capture a video image of
an area outside the vehicle body structure, the video camera being flush with the side facing surface when in the retracted
orientation;

a video display supported to the vehicle body structure such that the video display is visible within the passenger compartment;
and

an image processor operatively coupled to the video camera and the video display to process the video image captured by the
video camera and to stream a video view to the video display.

US Pat. No. 9,407,103

BATTERY CHARGER NOISE REDUCTION BY VARIABLE FREQUENCY

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A method of charging a battery in a charging system having a power convertor that converts AC electrical power to DC electrical
power, the method comprising:
generating a carrier signal having a carrier frequency that continuously varies between a minimum carrier frequency value
and a maximum carrier frequency value; and

operating a switching component of the power convertor using the carrier signal, wherein the switching component of the power
convertor receives AC electrical power from a power source, converts the AC electrical power to DC electrical power, and supplies
the DC electrical power to charge a battery.

US Pat. No. 9,379,575

BATTERY CHARGER NOISE REDUCTION BY FREQUENCY SWITCHING

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A method of charging a battery in a charging system having a power convertor that converts AC electrical power to DC electrical
power, the method comprising:
operating the power convertor at a first frequency during a first charging phase of the charging system;
monitoring a power output value of the power convertor during the first charging phase, wherein a predetermined criterion
is satisfied when the power output value drops below a threshold power output value;

ending the first charging phase upon determining that the predetermined criterion is satisfied; and
subsequent to ending the first charging phase, operating the power convertor at a second frequency during a second charging
phase of the charging system, wherein the first frequency is different than the second frequency, and operation of the power
convertor the first frequency at a first power output value causes audible noise at a lower level than operation of the power
convertor at the second frequency at the threshold power output value.

US Pat. No. 9,376,057

LIGHTING STRUCTURE

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A lighting structure, comprising:
a first portion including a retaining structure configured to retain an elongated lighting element, and including a fastening
structure configured to attach the lighting structure to an interior vehicle panel; and

a second portion attached to the first portion at a location spaced from the retaining structure, with a distal end of the
second portion being spaced from the retaining structure such that the second portion conceals the retaining structure in
a longitudinal direction of a vehicle when the lighting structure is attached to the interior vehicle panel,

the first portion comprising a base portion and an upright flange extending in an approximately perpendicular direction from
the base portion, the retaining structure extending from the base portion.

US Pat. No. 9,321,422

VEHICLE BODY STRUCTURE

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle body structure comprising:
a pillar;
a roof structure located above the pillar;
a body structure section having a first side window edge and an upper window edge that together at least partially define
a window opening, the side window edge being located adjacent the pillar and the upper window edge being located adjacent
the roof structure;

a curtain airbag mounted to the roof structure for deployment from a stowed orientation to a deployed orientation, such that
in the stowed orientation the curtain airbag extends along the roof structure and in the deployed orientation the curtain
airbag extends downward from the roof structure covering at least a portion of the upper window edge with a first side edge
of the curtain airbag closest to the side window edge being spaced apart from the side window edge by a first distance; and

a pillar airbag mounted to the pillar for deployment from a stowed orientation to a deployed orientation such that in the
stowed orientation the pillar airbag extends along the pillar and in the deployed orientation the pillar airbag extends from
the pillar across the side window edge, with a distal end of the pillar airbag being positioned at a second distance from
the side window edge, the second distance being greater than the first distance such that the first side edge of the curtain
airbag is positioned inboard of the pillar airbag, and the curtain airbag overlaps a portion of the pillar airbag such that
the distal end of the pillar airbag is positioned between the curtain airbag and the window opening.

US Pat. No. 9,322,198

VEHICLE DOOR LATCH MECHANISM

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle door latch mechanism comprising: a remote actuation part including a cable and a release handle movable between
an at rest position and a pulled position, a first end of the cable being coupled to the release handle for movement therewith;
a latch assembly spaced apart from the remote actuation part and including a housing, a door latch member, a latch retaining
member and a release member, the door latch member being movably supported within the housing to pivot between a latched position
and an unlatched position, the latch retaining member being movably supported within the housing to pivot between a retaining
position retaining the door latch member in the latched position and a releasing position, the release member having a first
end directly connected to a second end of the cable of the remote actuation part and a second end within the housing operatively
coupled to the latch retaining member, the release member being movably supported to the housing for pivotal movement about
a first pivot axis that extends through the housing and the release member, the release member moving in response to movement
of the cable and in further response to operation of the remote actuation part to move the latch retaining member from the
retaining position to the releasing position; and an inertia activated lock-out mechanism fixedly attached to the housing
and including a locking member disposed within the housing and being pivotally attached to the housing for movement between
a locking position in which the locking member contacts the release member to prevent movement of the release member independent
of operation of the remote actuation part and a non-interfering position in which the locking member is spaced apart from
the release member allowing the release member to be movable, and the inertia activated lock-out mechanism further including
a tethered ball counterweight operatively coupled to the locking member to move the locking member to the locking position
in response to an inertial force exceeding a threshold level wherein the locking member includes first claw teeth and the
release member includes second claw teeth, the first and second claw teeth being engaged with one another with the locking
member in the locking position.

US Pat. No. 9,184,778

VEHICLE INFORMATION GATHERING SYSTEM

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A vehicle information gathering system comprising:
an onboard communication device configured to communicate with a plurality of external data sources;
an onboard storage device, wherein the onboard controller is further configured to repeatedly determine the availability of
each of the plurality of external data sources and adjust the priority levels of the data subset references as the current
vehicle location changes configured to store a data set comprising a plurality of data subset references, each of the data
subset references having a respective one of a plurality of priority levels assigned thereto; and

an onboard controller configured to automatically determine an availability of each of the plurality of external data sources
at a current vehicle location, automatically assign a respective communication priority for the current vehicle location to
each of the respective data subset references based on the availability of each of the plurality of external data sources
at the current vehicle location and the respective priority levels assigned thereto, automatically assign at least one of
the plurality of external data sources at the current vehicle location to each of the data subset references based on the
availability and the priority levels, and automatically control the communication device to communicate with at least one
of the external data sources at the current vehicle location based on the respective communication priority assigned to each
of the data subset references to receive at least one data subset via the assigned external data source for storage on the
storage device.

US Pat. No. 9,180,913

VEHICLE FRONT END STRUCTURE

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle front end structure comprising:
an engine cradle having a front corner and an engine mounting structure rearward of the front corner; and
a force receiving structure rigidly fixed to the engine cradle, the force receiving structure having a force receiving surface
extending laterally outboard from proximate the front corner of the engine cradle and a force directing section located rearward
of the force receiving surface, the force receiving structure defining a first apex located adjacent to the front corner of
the engine cradle, a second apex defined at an intersection of the force receiving surface and the force directing section,
and being located laterally outboard and rearward of the front corner, and a third apex located laterally adjacent to the
engine mounting structure, the force receiving surface extending from the first apex to the second apex, the force directing
section extending from the second apex to the third apex, with at least a portion of the force receiving structure extending
alongside the engine mounting structure, the force receiving surface extending rearwardly and laterally outbound away from
the front corner of the engine cradle at an inclined angle with respect to a vehicle longitudinal direction, the force receiving
structure being configured to redirect at least a portion of rearward directed impact forces acting on the force receiving
surface at the engine mounting structure via the force directing section.

US Pat. No. 9,151,626

VEHICLE POSITION ESTIMATION SYSTEM

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A system for determining a position of a vehicle, comprising:
a camera configured to capture an image of an area adjacent the vehicle, the image including an edge;
a marker detection device configured to detect a marker in the area adjacent the vehicle;
a storage device configured to store map data, the stored map data including edge data;
a positioning system configured to determine the location of the vehicle relative to the stored map data, and
a controller configured to combine the marker detected by the marker detection device and the edge in the image captured by
the camera, and compare the combined marker detected by the marker detection device and the edge in the image captured by
the camera to the stored map data.

US Pat. No. 9,519,290

ASSOCIATING PASSENGER DOCKING LOCATIONS WITH DESTINATIONS

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. An autonomous vehicle comprising:
a processor configured to execute instructions stored on a non-transitory computer readable medium to:
identify transportation network information representing a vehicle transportation network, the vehicle transportation network
including a primary destination, wherein identifying the transportation network information includes identifying the transportation
network information such that the transportation network information includes docking location information representing a
plurality of docking locations, wherein each docking location from the plurality of docking locations corresponds with a respective
location in the vehicle transportation network, and such that at least one docking location from the plurality of docking
locations is associated with the primary destination,

determine a target docking location from the plurality of docking locations for the primary destination based on the transportation
network information, and

identify a route from an origin to the target docking location in the vehicle transportation network using the transportation
network information; and

a trajectory controller configured to operate the autonomous vehicle to travel from the origin to the target docking location
using the route.

US Pat. No. 9,509,159

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DECREASING PEAK ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF A POWER CONSUMER USING VEHICLE BATTERY CAPACITY

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A method performed by a processor for decreasing peak energy consumption of a power consumer during power exchange with
a battery of a vehicle, the method comprising:
preprogramming an actual consumption line based on expected power usage, the actual consumption line having a peak energy
consumption;

determining a connection time of the battery when the battery is connected to the power consumer, a connection energy of the
battery at the connection time, a required departure time of the battery, a required departure energy;

calculating a power exchange curve during a connection period between the connection time and the required departure time
configured to minimize an expected peak energy consumption while securing the required departure energy by the required departure
time, wherein calculating the power exchange curve comprises:

preselecting a charge rate and a discharge rate;
calculating a first charge energy level from the peak energy consumption less the discharge rate and the charge rate;
calculating a first charge period from the connection time and a first time the first charge energy line crosses the actual
consumption line;

calculating a second charge period from the required departure time and a second time the first charge energy line crosses
the actual consumption line;

calculating a first charge energy at an end of the first charge period using the charge rate;
calculating a second charge energy at a start of the second charge period using the charge rate;
if the first charge energy is greater than the second charge energy, calculating a discharge energy level from the peak energy
consumption less the discharge rate; and

calculating a revised discharge rate and a discharge period corresponding to the discharge energy level;
charging the battery during the first charge period at the charge rate; and
charging the battery during the second charge period at the charge rate.

US Pat. No. 9,482,544

ELECTRIC VEHICLE EFFICIENCY PROFILE MANAGEMENT

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A method of generating a user-specific efficiency profile for an electric vehicle, the method comprising:
in response to detecting, by a portable electronic computing and communication device, a first direct electronic communication
link between the portable electronic computing and communication device and an electric vehicle, storing, in a memory of the
portable electronic computing and communication device, first user-specific efficiency information associated with the electric
vehicle and associated with a current user of the portable electronic computing and communication device, wherein storing
the first user-specific efficiency information includes:

identifying a first current location, and
storing one or more of a user identifier indicating the current user, a vehicle identifier indicating the electric vehicle,
the first current location, first current vehicle state information, a first current ambient temperature, or first current
temporal information; and

in response to detecting, by the portable electronic computing and communication device, a disconnection of the first direct
electronic communication link, storing, in the memory, second user-specific efficiency information associated with the current
user and associated with the electric vehicle, wherein storing the second user-specific efficiency information includes:

identifying a second current location,
determining a current efficiency value based on the first user-specific efficiency information and the second user-specific
efficiency information, and

storing a user-specific efficiency profile incorporating the current efficiency value.

US Pat. No. 9,428,035

VEHICLE HVAC NOISE CONTROL SYSTEM

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle HVAC noise control system comprising:
an air handler providing airflow to a passenger compartment, the air handler including a heating source and a cooling source;
an inputting device that sets a target temperature for the passenger compartment;
a temperature sensor that measures a current temperature within the passenger compartment;
at least one exterior sensor that detects an ambient condition outside of the passenger compartment;
a blower motor operably connected to the air handler moving the air flowing through the air handler into the passenger compartment
at an adjustable operating airflow rate; and

a controller operatively connected to the air handler, the inputting device, the temperature sensor, the at least one exterior
sensor, and the blower motor, the controller determining and implementing adjustments to the operating airflow rate in order
to reduce airflow based on at least the ambient condition detected outside of the passenger compartment, a comparison between
the target temperature and the current temperature within the passenger compartment and a noise level of the airflow in the
passenger compartment,

the controller further determines a value of a noise control disable airflow variable based upon at least the ambient condition
and the comparison between the target temperature and the current temperature within the passenger compartment, and

the controller further determines whether or not to implement adjustments to the operating airflow rate in response to a comparison
between an airflow rate inputted to the inputting device and a noise control disable airflow variable.

US Pat. No. 9,327,779

REMOVABLE FRONT SPOILER FOR A VEHICLE

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A removable front spoiler for a vehicle, comprising:
a body member having a shape configured to disrupt airflow, the body member including a horizontal mounting member configured
to mount directly to an underside of a vehicle body part, and a vertical wind deflection member adjacent the horizontal mounting
member and being configured to face in a direction away from the vehicle body part, the horizontal mounting member including
an opening extending through the horizontal mounting member;

a fastener configured to extend in a vertical direction through the opening and into the vehicle body part; and
a clip configured to couple to the fastener so as to couple the body member to the vehicle body part,
the horizontal mounting member extending from the vertical wind deflection member in a car forward direction.

US Pat. No. 9,248,819

METHOD OF CUSTOMIZING VEHICLE CONTROL SYSTEM

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A method of customizing a vehicle component control system of a vehicle, comprising the steps of
creating with a controller a user profile having at least one performance characteristic, the creating the user profile step
including entering an adaptation mode including

presenting a stimulus via a stimuli presentation system;
detecting with an actuation sensor actuation of a vehicle component of the vehicle component control system in response to
the stimulus; and

determining with the controller the at least one performance characteristic based on the detected actuation;
storing the user profile in a memory device; and
adapting at least one vehicle control characteristic of the vehicle component control system based on the at least one performance
characteristic of the user profile.

US Pat. No. 9,150,098

REINFORCEMENT STRUCTURE FOR A VEHICLE FUEL FILLER TUBE

Nissan North America, Inc...

11. A vehicle, comprising:
a vehicle body structure housing a fuel reservoir and including a fuel filler adaptor at an exterior thereof;
a fuel filler tube routed within the vehicle body structure and configured to fluidly connect the fuel filler adaptor with
the fuel reservoir, the fuel filler tube having an exposed segment;

an elastomeric sleeve at least partially circumscribing the exposed segment; and
a rigid reinforcement plate at least partially overlaying the sleeve, the plate extending longitudinally along a circumferential
portion of the exposed segment and shaped to approximate a contour of the exposed segment.

US Pat. No. 9,128,113

VEHICLE ORIENTATION INDICATOR

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A vehicle orientation indicator comprising:
a sensor configured to sense a gravitational force component imposed on a vehicle; and
a controller configured to determine an orientation of the vehicle with respect to a fixed plane based on the sensed gravitational
force component and control an indicator device to provide a representation of the orientation of the vehicle, the controller
being further configured to control the indicator device to update the representation of the orientation of the vehicle based
on a change in the sensed gravitational force component as sensed by the sensor while a movement condition of the vehicle
meets a prescribed condition and to control the indicator device to refrain from updating the representation of the orientation
of the vehicle while the movement condition fails to meet the prescribed condition.

US Pat. No. 9,865,883

FUEL CELL ELECTRODES USING HIGH DENSITY SUPPORT MATERIAL

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A method of fabricating a fuel cell electrode catalyst layer comprising:
selecting a desired catalytic activity;
selecting a target mass of active catalyst material required to produce the desired catalytic activity based on a predetermined
relationship between mass of active catalyst material and catalytic activity of the active catalyst material;

selecting a target catalyst layer thickness between 5 ?m to 15 ?m;
determining a volume of the catalyst layer required to achieve the target catalyst layer thickness, the catalyst layer including
metal oxide support particles supporting the active catalyst material, the volume based on the target catalyst layer thickness
and a surface area of a substrate to be coated with the catalyst layer;

calculating a mass of the metal oxide support particles required to fill the volume using a density (mass/volume) of the metal
oxide support particles;

determining an active catalyst particle loading in weight percent on the metal oxide support particles based on the mass of
metal oxide support particles required to fill the volume and the target mass of active catalyst material;

measuring a mass of active catalyst material required to achieve the determined active catalyst particle loading; and
preparing a catalyst using the mass of metal oxide support particles and the mass of active catalyst material.

US Pat. No. 9,731,758

VEHICLE FRONT SUSPENSION

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle front suspension comprising;
a lower suspension support structure;
an upper suspension support structure;
a transverse link having an inboard side and an outboard side;
a steering knuckle having an upper end, a lower end, and a wheel supporting section between the upper end and the lower end,
with the lower end pivotally coupled to the outboard side of the transverse link;

a strut having an upper end connected to the upper suspension support structure, and a lower end;
an upper knuckle breakaway structure fixedly attaching the upper end of the steering knuckle to the lower end of the strut,
the upper knuckle breakaway structure having a predetermined frangible part that releases the upper end of the steering knuckle
from the lower end of the strut upon application of a prescribed rearward directed force on at least one of the lower suspension
support structure and the steering knuckle; and

a transverse link breakaway structure coupling the inboard side of the transverse link to the lower suspension support structure
such that upon application of the prescribed rearward directed force the inboard side of the transverse link is released from
the lower suspension support structure.

US Pat. No. 9,586,494

ALIGNMENT METHOD FOR A VEHICLE WIRELESS CHARGING STRUCTURE

Nissan North America, Inc...

15. An alignment method for a vehicle wireless charging system, the method comprising:
emitting a first level of electromagnetic radiation from the transmitter coil;
detecting reception of the first level of electromagnetic radiation by the vehicle-side coil from the transmitter coil with
the vehicle-side coil at a current position relative to the transmitter coil;

determining efficiency of electromagnetic radiation reception at the first level by the vehicle-side coil;
determining whether or not the efficiency of electromagnetic radiation reception at the first level by the vehicle-side coil
achieves a predetermined level of reception efficiency;

repositioning the vehicle-side coil in response to determining that the efficiency of the electromagnetic radiation reception
at the first level is less than the predetermined level of reception efficiency;

repeating the determining of the efficiency of electromagnetic radiation reception and the repositioning the vehicle-side
coil until the determined efficiency of electromagnetic radiation reception at the first level is determined to be equal to
or greater than the predetermined level of reception efficiency; and

increasing the electromagnetic radiation from the transmitter coil to a battery charging level in response to the determined
efficiency of electromagnetic radiation reception at the first level being equal to or greater than the predetermined level
of reception efficiency.

US Pat. No. 9,457,729

VEHICLE COMPONENT SUPPORT STRUCTURE

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle component support structure comprising:
a vehicle body structure including a horizontally oriented panel rigidly supported within the vehicle body structure, the
panel having an upper surface and a lower surface, a first area of the panel defining a first slot, and a second area of the
panel spaced apart from the first area and defining a second slot,

each of the first and second slots extending from the upper surface to the lower surface of the panel,
a first end of the first slot having a first width measured perpendicular to a length of the first slot and a second end of
the first slot having a second width that is greater than the first width,

a first end of the second slot having a third width and a second end of the second slot having a fourth width greater than
the third width,

the first area of the panel defining a first upper surface portion at the first end of the first slot and second upper surface
portions at either side of the first slot at a location spaced apart from the first end of the first slot, the second upper
surface portions being located vertically higher above the first upper surface portion,

the second area of the panel defining a third upper surface portion at the first end of the second slot; and
a component having a main body and a mounting structure, the mounting structure including a first tab and a second tab spaced
apart from the first tab by a distance corresponding to a distance between the first slot and the second slot,

the first tab includes a first shaft portion and a first head that is wider than the first shaft portion, the second tab includes
a second shaft portion and a second head that is wider than the second shaft portion, such that the first head of the first
tab is inserted through the second end of the first slot, the second head of the second tab is inserted through the second
end of the second slot, the first tab and the second tab thereafter moved to a corresponding one of the first end of the first
slot and the first end of the second slot, the first head of the first tab resting on the first upper surface portion of the
first area and the second head resting on the third upper surface portion of the second area to suspend the component from
the panel, such that the second upper surface portions of the first area of the panel restricts movement of the first tab
away from the first end of the first slot.

US Pat. No. 9,376,067

VEHICLE INTERIOR TRIM ASSEMBLY

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle interior trim assembly comprising:
a main trim panel having a trim surface and an attachment surface opposite the trim surface, the attachment surface including
a plurality of first attachment parts configured to attach to an interior structure of a vehicle, the main trim panel also
including a recessed surface that is spaced apart from the trim surface, the recessed surface defining a flange that at least
partially surrounds an opening extending from the recessed surface to the attachment surface, the flange having a first tether
attachment part and a plurality of second attachment parts;

a sub-trim panel having a finished trim surface and an attachment surface opposite the finished trim surface, the attachment
surface including a second tether attachment part and a plurality of third attachment parts fixed to the second attachment
parts of the flange of the main trim panel with the sub-trim panel installed to the main trim panel; and

a tether having a first end attached to the first tether attachment part and a second end attached to the second tether attachment
part, such that with the sub-trim panel installed to the main trim panel the sub-trim panel the covers and conceals the flange,
the first tether attachment part and the tether, and with the sub-trim panel un-installed from the main trim panel the tether
limits movement of the sub-trim panel relative to the main trim panel.

US Pat. No. 9,350,035

CROSS-LINKED POLYMER ELECTROLYTE MEMBRANES

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A polymer electrolyte membrane for a fuel cell comprising a crosslinked polymer produced by polymerizing a styrene-based
comonomer with a styrenated crosslinkable monomer comprising the following straight chain formula:
CH2?CH—C6H4—CH2—(OCH2CH2)n—O—CH2—C6H4—CH?CH2,
wherein the crosslinked polymer has the following Formula A:
wherein X=SO3H+ or Rf—SO3H+, with Rf=—(CF2)m—O—CF2CF2— and m=2-7 in which Rf is obtained from I—(CF2)m—O—CF2—CF2—SO2F, with m=2-7.

US Pat. No. 9,331,503

SYSTEMS AND METHODS OF CONTROLLING BATTERY DETERIORATION BY CONTROLLING BATTERY STATE-OF-HEALTH DURING POWER EXCHANGE

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A battery deterioration control system comprising:
charging stations for vehicles operable to exchange power between batteries connected to the charging stations and a power
grid, the charging stations or power grid having a power exchange controller operable to control the exchange of power between
the batteries of the vehicles and the power grid, the power exchange controller programmed to:

receive from the charging stations a state-of-health of each of a plurality of batteries connected to the charging stations;
and

adjust a power exchange for each of a plurality of batteries to modify a state-of-health of each of the plurality of batteries
over time based on a target state-of-health, wherein state-of-health is a ratio of current battery capacity to original battery
capacity.

US Pat. No. 9,244,462

VEHICLE TRAJECTORY PLANNING FOR AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A method for controlling an autonomous vehicle, comprising:
obtaining, by one or more processors, information describing a current state of the autonomous vehicle and a goal state of
the autonomous vehicle;

determining, by the one or more processors, an initial vehicle trajectory from the current state of the autonomous vehicle
to the goal state of the autonomous vehicle;

determining, by the one or more processors, an optimized vehicle trajectory using the initial vehicle trajectory and a velocity
profile along the initial vehicle trajectory by applying numerical minimization that concurrently minimizes a trajectory length
value and a lateral acceleration value; and

controlling the autonomous vehicle to traverse the optimized vehicle trajectory.

US Pat. No. 9,199,585

VEHICLE PANEL ASSEMBLY

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle panel assembly comprising:
a first panel having a first side and a second side with at least one aperture extending from the first side to the second
side, the at least one aperture being defined by a first edge portion and a second edge portion facing the first edge portion;

a second panel overlying a portion of the first side of the first panel, the second panel including at least one snap-fitting
member having a main portion and a catch portion, the main portion having a first side surface and a second side surface,
the catch portion extending from the second side surface, the second side surface being opposite the first side surface, the
at least one snap-fitting member extending through the at least one aperture such that the catch portion contacts an area
of the second side adjacent to the first edge of the at least one aperture and the second side surface extends along the first
edge of the aperture; and

a retaining element including at least one restricting part that extends from the second side of the first panel into the
at least one aperture between the first side surface of the at least one snap-fitting projection and the second edge of the
aperture to restrict movement of the snap-fitting member and inhibit disengagement of the snap-fitting member with the area
of the second side adjacent to the at least one aperture.

US Pat. No. 9,627,684

HIGH CAPACITY, DIMENSIONALLY STABLE ANODE FROM LOW-BULK DENSITY AMORPHOUS SILICON FOR LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. An anode for a lithium-ion battery comprising a substrate and an anode active material, wherein the anode active material
comprises amorphous silicon, in an unpressed state, having a bulk density of between 0.06 g/cm3 and 0.10 g/cm3, wherein the amorphous silicon has an inter-particle porosity of between 60% and 80%.

US Pat. No. 9,586,535

VEHICLE INTERIOR TRIM ASSEMBLY

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle interior trim assembly, comprising:
a vehicle structure including a dash wall and a floor that at least partially define a passenger compartment;
a center console assembly fixedly attached to the floor and having a front upper edge;
an instrument panel assembly having a central lower surface that faces the front upper edge of the center console, with the
central lower surface of the instrument panel assembly and the front upper edge of the center console being spaced apart from
one another defining a gap therebetween, the central lower surface defining a plurality of apertures located adjacent to the
front upper edge of the center console; and

a flexible seal member having a plurality of fastening projections that extend through corresponding ones of the plurality
of apertures attaching the flexible seal member to the central lower surface, the flexible seal member extending along the
gap between the central lower surface of the instrument panel assembly and the front upper edge of the center console thereby
covering the gap.

US Pat. No. 9,590,252

LITHIUM SULFUR BATTERY HAVING CATHODE WITH NUCLEATION AGENTS

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A cathode for a lithium-sulfur battery cell comprising:
a composite electrode material comprising elemental sulfur mixed with carbon coated onto an electrode substrate, with a nucleation
agent of gold nanoparticles affixed uniformly across a surface of the composite electrode material,

wherein the gold nanoparticles are available to bond with the elemental sulfur and lithium sulfide during use, the gold nanoparticles
directing growth, morphology and deposition of lithium sulfide during charge and discharge of the lithium-sulfur battery,
the gold nanoparticles having a diameter in a range of greater than twenty nanometers and less than one hundred nanometers,
and the gold nanoparticles being less than four weight percent of the positive active material.

US Pat. No. 9,562,383

HINGE HYDRAULIC INFINITE CHECK STRUCTURE

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle door hinge structure comprising:
a body bracket;
a pivot shaft having a first portion and a second portion;
a hinge part having a first end and a second end spaced apart from the first end, the first end being attached to the body
bracket by the second portion of the pivot shaft such that the hinge part pivots about the second portion of the pivot shaft
between a closed position and an open position; and

a hydraulic check structure including a paddle and a case,
the paddle having a first side surface, a second side surface and an edge portion encircling the first side surface and the
second side surface, a first section of the edge portion being rigidly fixed to the first portion of the pivot shaft for pivoting
movement therewith, the paddle having at least one aperture extending from the first side surface to the second side surface;
and

a case non-movably attached to the body bracket and having a cylindrically shaped inner surface defining a fluid chamber therein,
the pivot shaft being supported for pivoting movement relative to the case with the first portion of the pivot shaft being
centered within the fluid chamber and the paddle extending from the first portion of the pivot shaft to the cylindrically
shaped inner surface, the case including a wall portion rigidly fixed to the cylindrically shaped inner surface and extending
radially inward to the pivot shaft,

wherein
the fluid chamber is filled with hydraulic fluid,
the wall portion is shaped and dimensioned relative to the fluid chamber such that hydraulic fluid is prevented from moving
from a first side of the wall portion to a second side of the wall portion,

pivoting movement of the pivot shaft forces the hydraulic fluid to move through the aperture from one of the first side surface
and the second side surface of the paddle to the other of the first side surface and the second side surface of the paddle,
and

with the pivot shaft being stationary relative to the fluid chamber, equilibrium of fluid pressure of the hydraulic fluid
at the first side surface and the second side surface of the paddle imparts a resistance to pivoting movement of the pivot
shaft relative to the fluid chamber.

US Pat. No. 9,504,999

RAPID SYNTHESIS OF FUEL CELL CATALYST USING CONTROLLED MICROWAVE HEATING

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A method of preparing catalyst comprising:
forming a homogenous solution comprising a precious metal precursor and a catalyst substrate;
reducing the precious metal precursor to precious metal nanoparticles;
depositing the precious metal nanoparticles onto the catalyst substrate to form catalyst particles, wherein reducing and depositing
comprise:

controlling a rate of increase in temperature of the solution with microwave irradiation until the solution is at a predetermined
temperature by, in a continuous loop, detecting a temperature of the solution with a temperature probe and adjusting the microwave
irradiation, based on the temperature of the solution detected by the temperature probe, so that the temperature of the solution
rises at the rate of increase until the predetermined temperature is reached; and

maintaining the solution at the predetermined temperature with microwave irradiation;
detecting completion of the reduction and deposition; and
ceasing microwave irradiation upon detection.

US Pat. No. 9,457,737

VEHICLE NOISE REDUCING ASSEMBLY

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A vehicle noise reducing assembly, comprising:
a trunk structure comprising a floor panel, an interior wall panel and an exterior wall panel;
a trunk storage area defined by the interior wall panel and the floor panel;
a trim panel connected to the interior wall panel within the trunk storage area;
an outboard cavity defined by the floor panel, the exterior wall panel and the trim panel and having a first cavity and a
second cavity in communication with the first cavity;

a relief valve disposed in a vent opening in the exterior wall panel, the relief valve extending into the first cavity and
having a drafter opening facing inboard; and

a barrier member disposed in the second cavity with a barrier surface positioned between the relief valve and the second cavity
to prevent sound passing through the drafter opening from entering the second cavity.

US Pat. No. 9,458,653

CHECK LINK STRUCTURE

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A check link structure comprising:
a first bracket having a pivot support structure defining a first pivot axis;
a cam arm coupled to the first bracket for pivotal movement about the first pivot axis, the cam arm comprising:
a cam block made of a self-lubricating material, the cam block having a cam surface that includes a plurality of positioning
recesses and a plurality of movement restricting lobes between adjacent ones of the plurality of positioning recesses; and

a support shell defining a block receiving space that non-movably retains the cam block, the support shell including an upper
plate, a lower plate, and a rear plate extending between the upper plate and the lower plate with the block receiving space
defined between the upper plate and the lower plate, the upper plate covering the majority of an upper surface of the cam
block, the lower plate covering the majority of a lower surface of the cam block, the rear plate covering substantially all
of a rear surface of the cam block, and the cam surface extending past respective distal ends of the upper plate and the lower
plate; and

a cam follower having a follower surface that is configured to continuously contact the cam surface of the cam block in response
to movement of one of the first bracket and the cam follower relative to the other of the first bracket and the cam follower.

US Pat. No. 9,278,661

VEHICLE AIRBAG ASSEMBLY

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle airbag assembly comprising:
an attachment bracket configured to attach to a vehicle body member and including a hinge portion;
an elongated support member having a first end pivotally connected to the attachment bracket for pivoting movement about a
pivot axis defined by the hinge portion of the attachment bracket; and

an airbag having at least a portion thereof extending alongside the support member from the pivot axis to a distal end of
the support member, the portion of the airbag being attached to the support member, the portion of the airbag and the support
member being pivotal together about the pivot axis, the hinge portion directing pivoting movement of the portion of the airbag
and the support member from a stowed orientation to a deployed orientation upon inflation of the airbag such that in the stowed
orientation the portion of the airbag and the support member extend alongside the attachment bracket, and in the deployed
orientation the portion of the airbag and the distal end of the support member are pivoted away from the attachment bracket.

US Pat. No. 9,248,862

VEHICLE BODY STRUCTURE

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A vehicle body structure comprising:
a pillar structure having a box section defining a cavity;
a sill structure having an upper surface defining an aperture, and defining a sill cavity; and
a reinforcement member having a lower end and being disposed within the cavity of the pillar structure, the reinforcement
member extending through the aperture and being attached to the sill structure, with the lower end being disposed within the
sill cavity and being unconnected to the sill structure.

US Pat. No. 9,225,029

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR THE RECOVERY OF FUEL CELL CATALYST PERFORMANCE

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A system for recovering catalyst performance of a fuel cell in a vehicle, the system comprising:
a sensor located in the vehicle that detects a fuel cell parameter during use of the vehicle throughout a first life cycle
of the fuel cell, during which cell potential is cycled due at least to vehicle starting and stopping;

a fuel gas supply configured to supply fuel gas to an anode side of the fuel cell during a recovery process;
an oxidant supply configured to supply oxidant to a cathode side of the fuel cell during the recovery process; and
a recovery controller with a memory located in the vehicle and programmed to:
determine an end of life state of the fuel cell in the vehicle based on a signal from the sensor and preprogrammed end of
life criteria;

notify with a notification device when the end of life state of the fuel cell is determined;
control a continuous feed of the fuel gas supplied only to the anode side and a continuous feed of the oxidant supplied only
to the cathode side;

control continuous operation of the fuel cell in a steady-state by controlling a steady-state load generator to draw a steady
current throughout the recovery process without cycling, thereby removing oxides from a catalyst surface to recover the catalyst
performance of the fuel cell;

determine a recovery state of the fuel cell based on a recovery parameter and preprogrammed recovery criteria, the recovery
state indicating that the catalyst performance has been recovered; and

allow operation of the fuel cell in the steady-state to cease when the recovery is detected.

US Pat. No. 9,507,345

VEHICLE CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHOD

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A vehicle control system comprising:
a sensing system disposed on a host vehicle and configured to sense an eye location of an eye of driver of the host vehicle
within a passenger compartment of the host vehicle; and

a controller configured to estimate a field of view of the driver based on the eye location, determine whether a point of
interest external to the host vehicle is expected to reside within the field of view of the driver at an expected stopping
location of the host vehicle based on the eye location and a location of the point of interest, control an autonomous vehicle
control system on board the host vehicle to stop the host vehicle at the expected stopping location upon determining that
the point of interest is expected to reside within the field of view of the driver at the expected stopping location, and
control the autonomous vehicle control system to stop the host vehicle at an adjusted stopping location that is different
from the expected stopping location upon determining that the point of interest is expected to reside outside the field of
view of the driver at the expected stopping location.

US Pat. No. 9,484,583

FUEL CELL ELECTRODE CATALYST HAVING GRADUATED LAYERS

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. An electrode assembly for a fuel cell comprising:
a first catalyst layer directly adjacent an electrolyte membrane and comprising first active catalyst particles supported
on first support particles having a first support size; and

a second catalyst layer directly adjacent the first catalyst layer and a gas diffusion layer opposite the electrolyte membrane
comprising second active catalyst particles supported on second support particles having a second support size,

wherein the first support particles are a non-carbon support, the second support particles comprise carbon, and the first
support size is greater than the second support size.

US Pat. No. 9,406,942

ELECTROCATALYST ROTATING DISK ELECTRODE PREPARATION APPARATUS

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

12. An apparatus for preparing rotating disk electrodes comprising:
a base having a surface;
a disk mount attached to the surface of the base, the disk mount comprising a threaded receiving member over which a rotating
disk is configured to be positioned, the threaded receiving member having a central axis that is configured to align directly
with a central axis of the rotating disk;

a motor coupled to the disk mount and configured to rotate the disk mount about the central axis;
a hood overlaying and in sealing engagement with the base and having a cavity within which the disk mount is located;
a gas inlet located on the hood to fill the cavity within the hood with a gas;
a gas outlet located on the hood; and
a gas supply coupled to the gas inlet.

US Pat. No. 9,156,330

VEHICLE CABIN HEATING SYSTEM

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A method for controlling a vehicle cabin heating system comprising:
setting a target temperature for a vehicle cabin interior space;
providing a first infrared heater within the vehicle cabin interior space aimed at a target surface within the vehicle cabin
interior space;

measuring current temperature within the vehicle cabin interior space with a temperature sensor disposed on a grill on a dashboard
within the vehicle cabin interior space, the grill and the temperature sensor being in front of the first infrared heater,
the temperature sensor being located directly between the first infrared heater and the target surface to detect the current
temperature in front of the first infrared heater, the temperature sensor being at a location spaced apart from the first
infrared heater and spaced apart from the target surface, and being closer to the first infrared heater than to the target
surface;

estimating a surface temperature of the target surface based on the measuring of the current temperature; and
controlling the first infrared heater such that the heater is turned on in response to the estimating of the surface temperature
determining that an estimated surface temperature of the target surface has fallen below the target temperature by a predetermined
amount, and the heater is turned off in response to the estimating of the surface temperature determining that the estimated
surface temperature has risen above the target temperature by the predetermined amount.

US Pat. No. 9,982,729

BRAKE PAD

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A brake pad, comprising:a backing plate having a brake lining attachment surface that defines a first plane; and
a brake lining attached to the brake lining attachment surface, the brake lining having:
a first layer including a first material, having a first side fixed to the brake lining attachment surface of the backing plate, and having a second side opposite the first side, the second side defining a second plane that has a non-parallel relationship with the first plane;
a second layer including a second material, a first side and a second side, the first side of the second layer extending along the second side of the first layer and along the second plane, the second material being different from the first material; and
a third layer including the first material, the third layer overlaying and attached to the second side of the second layer, and having a friction surface that is parallel to the first plan,
the first laver, the second layer and the third layer being dimensioned and configured such that in an unworn state, a friction surface of the brake lining is defined only by an initial exposed portion of the third layer and an initial exposed portion of the second layer with the initial exposed portion of the second layer being located at one end of the friction surface, and after an initial amount of wear, the friction surface of the brake lining is defined by a further exposed portion of the third layer, a further exposed portion of the second layer, and an exposed portion of the first layer, with the further exposed portion of the second layer being located between the further exposed portion of the third layer and the exposed portion of the first layer such that the further exposed portion of the second layer is spaced apart from the one end of the friction surface by a first distance.

US Pat. No. 9,862,309

VEHICLE SILL ILLUMINATION ASSEMBLY

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle sill illumination assembly, comprising
a vehicle sill structure at least partially defining a vehicle closure opening of a vehicle and having a first sill surface,
a second sill surface, and a third sill surface, the first sill surface being an upright surface and an outboard facing surface,
the second sill surface being horizontal and extending from an inboard upper end of the first sill surface and the third sill
surface extending downward from an inboard end of the second sill surface, the third sill surface being an inboard facing
surface;

a seal installed to the vehicle structure along the intersection of the first sill surface and the second sill surface, the
seal extending around the vehicle closure opening;

a vehicle closure member movable between an open orientation exposing the vehicle sill structure and a closed orientation
at least partially covering the vehicle sill structure;

a sill trim assembly having a main body with a first portion, a second portion and a third portion that together define an
inverted U-shaped structure as viewed in cross-section, the first portion having an upright surface, the second portion extending
horizontally inboard from an upper edge of the first portion and the third portion extending downward from an inboard side
of the second portion, the first portion at least partially covering the first sill surface, the second portion at least partially
covering the second sill surface and the third portion at least partially covering the third sill surface, the second portion
extending horizontally inboard from an upper end of the first portion and the third portion extending downward from an inboard
edge of the second portion such that the sill trim assembly covers a section of the seal;

an illumination panel being installed to the upright surface of the first portion of the sill trim assembly such that the
illumination panel is upright and faces in an outboard direction relative to the vehicle sill structure with the main body
installed to the vehicle sill structure, and with the vehicle closure member in the closed orientation an inboard, interior
upright surface of the vehicle closure member at least partially covers and contacts the illumination panel, and in the closed
orientation the interior surface of the vehicle closure member further contacts portions of the seal not covered by the sill
trim assembly;

an optical light pipe that extends along the third portion of the main body and is exposed along an inboard side of the third
portion providing illumination along the third portion in an inboard direction to an interior of the vehicle; and

a controller within the sill trim assembly and configured to control illumination of the illumination panel and control illumination
of the optical light pipe.

US Pat. No. 9,698,428

CATALYST SUPPORT PARTICLE STRUCTURES

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. An electrocatalyst comprising:
a support substrate comprising:
a metal oxide nanotube consisting of titanium dioxide having an internal support surface and an exterior support surface;
and

conductive metal oxide particles consisting of ruthenium dioxide and impregnated only on the internal support surface; and
active catalyst particles deposited only on the exterior support surface, wherein the conductive metal oxide particles and
the active catalyst particles are different materials.

US Pat. No. 9,561,706

VEHICLE WINDOW ASSEMBLY

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

18. A hinge structure comprising:
a hinge base comprising an attachment portion configured to be attached to vehicle structure, a cover mounting portion, and
a loop support portion extending from the attachment portion to the cover mounting portion; and

a hinge cover configured to be attached to the cover mounting portion,
the hinge base and hinge cover being configured such that, when coupled together, a hanging section of a hanging loop is disposed
between the loop support portion of the hinge base and the hinge cover, and is movable between a secured position in which
the hanging section is positioned adjacent the attachment portion of the hinge base, and an unsecured position in which the
hanging section of the hanging loop is disposed adjacent the cover mounting portion of the hinge base.

US Pat. No. 9,543,684

TRIM PANEL

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A trim panel comprising:
a main body having a trim surface and an attachment surface opposite the trim surface;
a plurality of attachment structures formed on the attachment surface that are configured to contact and engage a separate
panel securing the main body to the separate panel and covering an aperture formed in the separate panel; and

a dummy electric connector formed on the attachment surface, the dummy electric connector being configured to receive and
retain an electric connector in the absence of any electrical contacts within or on the dummy electric connector, the dummy
electric connector including a hollow structure having a first end fixed to the attachment surface of the main body and a
second end space apart from the attachment surface, the second end having an opening exposing a hollow interior of the hollow
structure, the hollow interior being configured to receive at least a portion of the electric connector, the hollow structure
also having a first outer surface portion with at least one electric connector retaining projection extending therefrom.

US Pat. No. 9,537,155

NON-CARBON MIXED-METAL OXIDE ELECTROCATALYSTS

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A method of preparing an electrocatalyst comprising: preparing non-carbon composite support particles comprising:
dispersing titanium dioxide particles in liquid and mixing;
depositing ruthenium nanoparticles onto the titanium dioxide particles in the liquid using a ruthenium precursor, wherein
each of the titanium dioxide particles has a first particle size and each of the ruthenium nanoparticles have a second particle
size, the first particle size being greater than the second particle size, wherein the first particle size is greater than
10 and less than or equal to 40 nanometers and the second particle size is greater or equal to 5 and less than 10 nanometers;

agglomerating ruthenium nanoparticles to produce agglomerated ruthenium particles with a particle size that is the same as
the first particle size deposited onto the titanium dioxide particles, wherein the agglomerated ruthenium particles are discrete
particles; and

oxidizing the agglomerated ruthenium particles to obtain ruthenium dioxide particles; and
depositing active catalyst particles directly on each of the titanium dioxide particles and the ruthenium dioxide particles.

US Pat. No. 9,436,183

ASSOCIATING PASSENGER DOCKING LOCATIONS WITH DESTINATIONS USING VEHICLE TRANSPORTATION NETWORK PARTITIONING

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. An autonomous vehicle comprising:
a processor configured to execute instructions stored on a non-transitory computer readable medium to:
identify transportation network information representing a vehicle transportation network, the vehicle transportation network
including a primary destination, wherein identifying the transportation network information includes identifying the transportation
network information such that the transportation network information includes docking location information representing a
plurality of docking locations, wherein each docking location from the plurality of docking locations corresponds with a respective
location in the vehicle transportation network, and such that at least one docking location from the plurality of docking
locations is associated with the primary destination based on pedestrian travel time,

determine a target docking location from the plurality of docking locations for the primary destination based on the transportation
network information, and

identify a route from an origin to the target docking location in the vehicle transportation network using the transportation
network information; and

a trajectory controller configured to operate the autonomous vehicle to travel from the origin to the target docking location
using the route.

US Pat. No. 9,429,754

WEARABLE ASSEMBLY AID

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A computer-implemented method of aiding an operator at an assembly station, comprising:
identifying, using a wearable device by the operator, one of a plurality of assembly stations as an assembly station in which
the operator is located based on a determined location of the wearable device;

determining, by a controller, an upcoming assembly operation of an assembly routine for the assembly station;
identifying, by the controller, a component to be selected by the operator to use in the upcoming assembly operation;
scanning the assembly station using a camera to capture at least one image of the assembly station;
identifying a match between the at least one captured image and an indicia that is representative of the identified component;
determining, by the controller based in part on the captured image, a position of the identified component within the assembly
station; and

displaying, using a display worn by the operator, the position of the identified component within the assembly station to
the operator.

US Pat. No. 9,379,417

LITHIUM SULFUR BATTERY CATHODE ELECTRODE SURFACE TREATMENT DURING DISCHARGE

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A method of interrupting lithium-sulfide morphology during normal cycling of a lithium-sulfur battery having at least one
battery unit comprising a lithium-containing anode and a sulfur-containing cathode with an electrolyte layer there between,
the method comprising:
during a pulse application period of a discharge cycle occurring through normal use of the lithium sulfur-battery, superimposing
at least one oxidative voltage pulse onto a discharge voltage at the time of the pulse application period to electrochemically
treat a surface of the sulfur-containing cathode during discharge of the battery, wherein the oxidative voltage pulse during
the pulse application period is less than a constant current charging voltage.

US Pat. No. 9,340,169

FLEXIBLE HARNESS GUIDE

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A vehicle body structure, comprising:
a first body structure defining a first interior cavity;
a second body structure defining a second interior cavity, with one of the first and second body structures being pivotally
connected and movable relative to the other of the first and second body structures to define an open configuration and a
closed configuration;

a first grommet fixed to the first body structure;
a second grommet fixed to the second body structure;
a flexible tube being movably received by the second grommet, the flexible tube having a first end fixed to the first grommet
and a second end positioned within the second interior cavity, the second end of the flexible tube being flared to prevent
the second end of the flexible tube from passing through the second grommet, the flexible tube extending across an exterior
space between the first and second body structures; and

a wiring harness configured to receive electrical wiring and passing through the flexible tube from the first interior cavity
to the second interior cavity.

US Pat. No. 9,321,414

CHECK-LINK HARNESS GUIDE

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A vehicle body structure, comprising:
a first body structure defining a first interior cavity;
a second body structure defining a second interior cavity, with one of the first and second body structures being pivotally
connected and movable relative to the other of the first and second body structures to define an open configuration and a
closed configuration;

a base member fixed to the first body structure;
a guide member fixed to the second body structure;
a channel member movably received by the guide member, the channel member having a first end rotatably fixed to the base member
and defining a first end opening, and a second end positioned within the second interior cavity and defining a second end
opening with a channel extending from the first end opening to the second end opening, the channel member extending across
an exterior space between the first and second body structures;

a wiring harness passing through the channel of the channel member from the first interior cavity to the second interior cavity;
and

a first sealing structure sealingly engaging the base member and the first end of the channel member.

US Pat. No. 9,254,786

VEHICLE HORN CONTROL ASSEMBLY

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A vehicle horn control assembly comprising:
a sensor assembly having a sensor array that includes a plurality of sensor zones, each of the sensor zones being configured
to output a respective pressure signal in response to a respective amount of force applied thereto; and

a controller configured to determine, based on the respective pressure signals output over a period of time, a touching characteristic
representing a manner in which a user touches the sensor assembly to activate a vehicle horn, the controller being further
configured to set a respective pressure threshold for each of the sensor zones above which the controller activates the vehicle
horn based on the touching characteristic.

US Pat. No. 9,102,283

AUDIO SPEAKER CABINET

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle audio assembly comprising:
a storage structure having an interior surface that defines a cabinet receiving space and a sealing wall; and
an audio driver cabinet configured for movement between a first orientation within the storage structure and a second orientation
outside the storage structure, the audio driver cabinet including:

a side wall structure having a side interior surface, a first end and a second end;
a first wall fixed to the first end of the side wall structure and having an interior surface and an exterior surface;
a second wall having a first surface and a second surface with a speaker opening extending from the first surface to the second
surface, the second wall being fixedly attached to the side interior surface of the side wall structure spaced apart from
and located between the first end and the second end of the side wall structure, with a first portion of the side wall structure,
the interior surface of the first wall and the first surface of the second wall defining a first audio chamber, and with a
second portion of the side wall structure and the second surface of the second wall at least partially defining a second audio
chamber that is open at the second end of the side wall structure; and

a sound driver fixed to the second wall covering the speaker opening, such that with the audio driver cabinet in the first
orientation within the storage structure, the second end of the side wall structure contacts the sealing wall of the storage
structure at least partially sealing the second audio chamber, and with the audio driver cabinet in the second orientation
outside the storage structure, the second audio chamber defines a loudspeaker opening.

US Pat. No. 9,669,720

MANAGING THE EXCHANGE OF ELECTRICAL POWER WITH RECHARGEABLE VEHICLE BATTERIES IN V2X SYSTEMS

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A V2X system, comprising:
an electrical power distribution system configured to draw electrical power from a grid, support the supply of the drawn electrical
power to one or more primary electrical systems and support the exchange of electrical power with a battery bank including
at least one rechargeable vehicle battery; and

an electrical power distribution system controller for managing the exchange of electrical power between the electrical power
distribution system and the battery bank, the controller configured to:

identify a change rate in electrical power drawn by the electrical power distribution system from the grid,
determine a difference between the change rate and a previously identified change rate,
if the magnitude of the difference is below a threshold, signal for the exchange of a previously selected amount of electrical
power, and

if the magnitude of the difference is above the threshold, request a selection of an amount of electrical power,
select the amount of electrical power for the electrical power distribution system to exchange with the battery bank based
on the change rate, and

signal for the exchange of the selected amount of electrical power.

US Pat. No. 9,630,484

VEHICLE ENGINE MOUNT STRUCTURE

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle engine mount structure, comprising:
a motor mount assembly having a first attachment part with a fastener receiving aperture, a vibration absorbing section and
a second attachment part spaced apart from the first attachment part by the vibration absorbing section;

a motor bracket having a first flange portion configured to support a vehicle engine and a second flange portion configured
to attach to the second attachment part of the motor mount assembly;

a heat shield dimensioned to at least partially overlay the vibration absorbing section of the motor mount assembly and overlay
the fastener receiving aperture with the heat shield being disposed between the vibration absorbing section of the motor mount
assembly and the second flange portion of the motor bracket, and with the second flange portion of the motor bracket attached
to the second attachment part of the motor mount assembly, the heat shield including an aperture aligned with the fastener
receiving aperture of the motor mount assembly; and

a removable cover inserted into the aperture of the heat shield with the removable cover being spaced apart from the fastener
receiving aperture of the motor mount assembly.

US Pat. No. 9,562,382

VEHICLE DOOR HINGE STRUCTURE

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle door hinge structure comprising:
a first bracket having a first surface that extends in a first direction and a stop surface extending in a second direction
transverse to the first direction;

a hinge arm having a first end, a second end and a body portion extending from the first end to the second end, the first
end being attached to the first bracket for pivoting movement about a first pivot axis that extends through the first surface
of the first bracket such that the hinge arm pivots relative to the first bracket from a first position to a second position,
the body portion of the hinge arm having a movement limiting surface that is spaced apart from the first surface by a first
predetermined distance;

a second bracket attached to the second end of the hinge arm for pivoting movement about a second pivot axis that extends
through the second bracket and the second end of the hinge arm, the second bracket pivoting relative to the second end of
the hinge arm; and

a compressible check structure fixed in position along a portion of the first surface of the first bracket, the compressible
check structure being adjacent to and spaced apart from the stop surface of the first bracket, the compressible check structure
extending away from the first surface in an uncompressed state by a second predetermined distance that is greater than the
first predetermined distance, the movement limiting surface of the hinge arm contacting and compressing the compressible check
structure during a portion of movement of the hinge arm between the first position and the second position.

US Pat. No. 9,541,409

MARKER AIDED AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE LOCALIZATION

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. An autonomous vehicle comprising:
a processor configured to execute instructions stored on a non-transitory computer readable medium to:
identify transportation network information representing a vehicle transportation network,
identify a route from an origin to a destination in the vehicle transportation network using the transportation network information;
and

a trajectory controller configured to operate the autonomous vehicle to travel from the origin to the destination using the
route, wherein the processor is configured to:

detect an uncoded localization marker in the vehicle transportation network,
determine localization marker information indicating a location of the uncoded localization marker in the vehicle transportation
network based on the transportation network information and an identified location of the autonomous vehicle in the vehicle
transportation network,

generate first localization information indicating an orientation and a position of the autonomous vehicle relative to the
uncoded localization marker in response to detecting the uncoded localization marker, and

generate second localization information indicating a current location of the autonomous vehicle in the vehicle transportation
network based on the first localization information and the localization marker information, wherein the trajectory controller
is configured to operate the autonomous vehicle to travel from the current location to the destination in response to generating
the second localization information.

US Pat. No. 9,346,417

AIRBAG ENGAGING PIVOTABLE TRIM PANEL

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A vehicle body structure, comprising:
a roof structure;
a pillar structure extending below the roof structure;
an airbag mounted to and extending along the roof structure, the airbag being deployable from a stowed orientation to a deployed
orientation;

a trim panel mounted to and extending along the pillar structure, the trim panel being disposed beneath the airbag when the
airbag is in the stowed orientation, and the airbag overlaying the trim panel when the airbag is in the deployed orientation;

a pivot structure; and
a trim deployment structure connected to the pillar structure, the trim deployment structure being configured to pivot the
trim panel about the pivot structure after deployment of the airbag to the deployed orientation such that the trim panel engages
the deployed airbag to move the deployed airbag in an inboard direction.

US Pat. No. 9,324,233

VEHICLE CONTACT WARNING METHOD AND SYSTEM

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A vehicle contact warning method comprising:
preparing host vehicle information pertaining to a host vehicle including a host vehicle location and a host vehicle trajectory;
receiving with a receiver at the host vehicle, a remote vehicle message including information pertaining to a remote vehicle
including a remote vehicle location and a remote vehicle trajectory;

determining with a controller a location relationship between the host vehicle location and the remote vehicle location, the
location relationship including a straight line between the host vehicle location and the remote vehicle location, and an
angle between the host vehicle heading and the straight line based on a fixed coordinate system and a preselected angle direction;

determining with the controller whether the host vehicle and the remote vehicle are travelling on converging paths based on
the location relationship;

determining with the controller a possibility of contact between the host vehicle and the remote vehicle at a contact location
at a contact time based on a host vehicle travel time from the host vehicle location to the contact location that is determined
based on the host vehicle information and a remote vehicle travel time from the remote vehicle location to the contact location
that is determined based on the remote vehicle information; and

issuing automatically an external warning for perception at at least one of the remote vehicle and the host vehicle upon determining
the possibility of contact exists between the host vehicle and the remote vehicle at the contact location and the time to
contact has decreased below a remote vehicle warning threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,227,509

SPRING MOUNTING STRUCTURES FOR A FUEL LID

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A vehicle, comprising:
a vehicle body structure;
a fuel lid, the fuel lid pivotally coupled to the vehicle body structure for movement between a closed position and an open
position;

a strip spring engaged between the fuel lid and the vehicle body structure, the strip spring having a first mounting portion
and an opposing second mounting portion, and defining an opening at the second mounting portion;

a first spring mounting structure at one of the fuel lid or the vehicle body structure, the first spring mounting structure
having a first base for engaging the first mounting portion; and

a second spring mounting structure at the other of the fuel lid and the vehicle body structure, the second spring mounting
structure having a second base for engaging the second mounting portion and a spring retention tab protruding from the second
base, the spring retention tab received by the opening defined at the second mounting portion and retaining the second mounting
portion to the second spring mounting structure.

US Pat. No. 9,199,669

VEHICLE FRONT END STRUCTURE

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle front end structure comprising:
a front side member having a front end and a forward section proximate the front end, the front side member extending in a
vehicle longitudinal direction;

a hood ledge having a forward end fixedly attached to the forward section of the front side member, the hood ledge extending
upwardly and laterally outward from the forward section of the front side member in a vehicle rearward direction; and

a hood ledge reinforcement including a lower section fixedly attached to a lateral outboard side surface of the front side
member, an upper section fixedly attached to an underside of the hood ledge, and at least one brace fixedly attached to the
lower and upper sections.

US Pat. No. 9,150,085

SLIDING DOOR ASSIST DEVICE

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A sliding door assist device comprising:
a guided cart attachment structure;
a retracting structure pivotally coupled to the guided cart attachment structure to move between an extended position and
a stowed position with respect to the guided cart attachment structure; and

a door support structure coupled to the retracting structure such that the door support structure moves with the retracting
structure with respect to the guided cart attachment structure between the extended position and the stowed position, the
door support structure being configured to support a sliding door in a prescribed open position with the retracting structure
in the extended position, the door support structure including a platform and a retention member, the platform having a horizontally
extending surface that is configured to support a lower edge of the sliding door and the retention member being removably
installed to the platform, the retention member including an extension located above the horizontal surface with the retention
member being installed to the platform, the extension being configured to be received in an aperture formed in an inner panel
of the sliding door.

US Pat. No. 9,131,303

VEHICLE AUDIO STRUCTURE

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle audio structure comprising
a vehicle floor having a plurality of mounting locations;
a seat assembly mounted to the vehicle floor at the plurality of mounting locations, the seat assembly having a seat bottom
spaced apart from the vehicle floor, the seat bottom having a seating surface and a bottom surface opposite the seating surface
with a partially confined area defined between the vehicle floor and the bottom surface;

an enclosure structure located within the partially confined area under the seat assembly, the enclosure structure having
an upper wall located adjacent to the bottom surface of the seat bottom, a first bottom wall section, a second bottom wall
section, a third bottom wall section and a plurality of side wall sections that define an enclosed space within the enclosure
structure, the first bottom wall section and the upper wall being spaced apart by a first vertical distance, the second bottom
wall section and the upper wall being spaced apart by a second vertical distance and the third bottom wall section and the
upper wall being spaced apart by a third vertical distance, the first vertical distance being greater than both the second
and third vertical distances, the third vertical distance being greater than the second vertical distance, the second bottom
wall section having an interior surface and an exterior surface with an audio driver opening extending from the interior surface
to the exterior surface; and

an audio driver mounted to the second bottom wall section covering the audio driver opening.

US Pat. No. 9,073,488

VEHICLE BODY STRUCTURE

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle body structure, comprising
a vehicle floor;
a first side wall structure extending upward from a first side of the vehicle floor and having a first shelf supporting surface;
a second side wall structure extending upward from a second side of the vehicle floor opposite the first side wall structure
and having a second shelf supporting surface, the vehicle floor, the first side wall structure and the second side wall structure
at least partially defining a vehicle cargo area, the first and second shelf supporting surfaces being aligned with one another
defining a shelf retention location within the vehicle cargo area; and

a shelf removably positioned in the shelf retention location extending from the first side wall structure to the second side
wall structure, the shelf including an upper surface having a first fastening structure and a lower surface having a second
fastening structure; and

a removable member having a bar section and a fastener structure fixedly attached to the bar section, the fastener structure
being removably attachable to the first fastening structure and the second fastening structure such that with the fastener
structure of the removable member attached to the first fastening structure the bar section is positioned in a cargo movement
restricting orientation along the upper surface of the shelf and with the fastener structure attached to the second fastening
structure the removable member is in a stowed orientation adjacent to the lower surface of the shelf.

US Pat. No. 9,863,775

VEHICLE LOCALIZATION SYSTEM

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. An autonomous vehicle localization system, comprising:
a camera configured to capture visible road features in an image of an area at least partially surrounding the vehicle;
a first localization system configured to determine a location of the vehicle using a first set of data, including stored
map data by comparing the visible road features with the stored map data to determine the location of the vehicle;

a second localization system configured to determine a location of the vehicle using a second set of data; and
a controller configured to enable autonomous operation of the vehicle based on the location determined by the first localization
system and switch from the first localization system to the second localization system when a numerical amount of the stored
map data is less than a predetermined amount, such that first localization system is inadequate.

US Pat. No. 9,836,976

PASSING LANE COLLISION AVOIDANCE

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A method for use in traversing a vehicle transportation network, the method comprising:
traversing, by a host vehicle, a vehicle transportation network, wherein traversing the vehicle transportation network includes:
receiving, at a host vehicle, from a remote vehicle, via a wireless electronic communication link, a remote vehicle message,
the remote vehicle message including remote vehicle information,

identifying host vehicle information for the host vehicle,
determining a relative position code indicating whether an expected path for the remote vehicle and an expected path for the
host vehicle are convergent based on the host vehicle information, the remote vehicle information, and a reference direction,

determining a remote vehicle dynamic state code based on the remote vehicle information,
determining a host vehicle dynamic state code based on the host vehicle information,
identifying an expected passing lane collision condition based on the relative position code, the remote vehicle dynamic state
code, the host vehicle dynamic state code, and a current acceleration rate for the host vehicle, and

in response to identifying the expected passing lane collision condition, identifying a vehicle control action based on the
host vehicle dynamic state code; and

traversing a portion of the vehicle transportation network in accordance with the vehicle control action.

US Pat. No. 9,802,516

VEHICLE SEAT STRAP RETAINING ASSEMBLY

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle seat strap retaining assembly comprising:
a seat cushion section;
a seatback section attached to the seat cushion, the seatback section having a passenger's back supporting surface and an
upper end surface;

a strap retaining clip attached to a rear surface of the seatback section; and
a strap attachment structure rigidly fixed to a rear surface of one of the seat cushion section and the seatback section beneath
the upper end surface and the strap retaining clip, the strap retaining clip and the strap attachment structure being positioned
such that in response to a child seat being positioned on the seat cushion section with a securing strap of the child seat
extending over the upper end surface of the seatback section passing through the strap retaining clip and attaching to the
strap attachment structure, the strap retaining clip is configured to center the securing strap relative to the seatback section
and restrict lateral movement of the securing strap and the child seat.

US Pat. No. 9,586,534

VEHICLE TRIM STRUCTURE

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle trim structure comprising:
a vehicle floor having a plurality of first attachment parts located within a central region of a vehicle passenger compartment;
a bracket assembly having a plurality of second attachment parts and at least one alignment pin and the plurality of second
attachment parts being fastened to the first attachment parts, and the at least one alignment pin being rigidly fixed to the
bracket assembly;

a main body having a horizontally extending slot along a leading edge thereof with the alignment pin being inserted into the
horizontally extending slot positioning the main body relative to the bracket assembly and the vehicle floor; and

a side trim panel installed to a side of a center console concealing the horizontally extending slot and the at least one
alignment pin.

US Pat. No. 9,539,934

VEHICLE FRONT END STRUCTURE

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A vehicle front end structure comprising
a bumper fascia having a main body and a projecting portion, the projecting portion extending upwardly from the main body
and having an inboard side and an outboard side, the inboard side including a flange with a first attachment part and a second
attachment part, the first attachment part of the flange of the projecting portion includes a controlled deformation zone
such that in response to a low speed impact event areas of the first attachment part adjacent to the controlled deformation
zone deform;

a headlamp assembly having a housing and a lens attached to the housing, the housing being installed to the bumper fascia
above the main body and including a projection that extends in an inboard direction from an inboard side of the housing along
a rearward surface of the flange of the projecting portion of the bumper fascia, the projection including a third attachment
part that is releasably fastened to the first attachment part of the bumper fascia; and

a front grille installed to the bumper fascia above the main body and having a fourth attachment part releasably fastened
to the second attachment part of the flange, the front grille covering the first attachment part and the third attachment
part of the flange of the projecting portion, the projecting portion of the bumper fascia extending between an outboard edge
the front grille and an inboard side of the lens such that the main body, the projecting portion, an outer surface of the
lens and an outer surface of the front grille define a contoured outer front surface of a vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,511,675

METHODS OF DECREASING PEAK ENERGY CONSUMPTION

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A method performed by a computer program for decreasing peak energy consumption of a power consumer comprising:
preprogramming an actual consumption line based on expected power usage, the actual consumption line having a peak consumption
time;

determining a connection period of a selectively connectable battery to a charging station of the power consumer between a
connection time and a departure time;

determining an available energy based on a required departure energy and a connection energy;
determining an average expected consumption line over the connection period based on the actual consumption line, the required
departure energy, and the connection energy;

determining a charge line and a discharge line based on the average expected consumption line;
determining charging periods and discharging periods based on the charge line, discharge line, and the actual consumption
line;

determining a predicted battery capacity across the connection period and an energy transfer deficiency;
adjusting the discharge line based on the energy transfer deficiency, wherein if the predicted battery capacity at the departure
time is greater than the required departure energy, and if the predicted battery capacity is between a maximum threshold and
a minimum threshold during the discharging periods, adjusting the discharge line equal to the average expected consumption
line;

charging the battery with the power consumer during the charging periods; and
discharging the battery to the power consumer during the discharging periods.

US Pat. No. 9,505,306

VEHICLE ORIENTATION INDICATOR

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A vehicle orientation indicator comprising:
a sensor configured to sense a force magnitude imposed on a vehicle during movement of the vehicle, the force magnitude including
an acceleration force component generated by the movement of the vehicle and a gravitational force component; and

a controller configured to determine a value of the acceleration force component based on an acceleration of the vehicle with
respect to a fixed plane, calculate a modified force magnitude by removing the value of the acceleration force component from
the force magnitude, determine an orientation of the vehicle with respect to the fixed plane based on the modified force magnitude
and control an indicator device to provide a representation of the orientation of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,404,446

VEHICLE FUEL VAPOR RECOVERY SYSTEM

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle fuel vapor recovery system comprising:
a compartment wall structure having an interior surface defining a fuel filler compartment, an exterior surface, a tube receiving
opening extending from the interior surface to the exterior surface and a vent opening extending from the interior surface
to the exterior surface;

a fuel filler tube having an outer surface, an inner surface, a fuel receiving end and a fuel tank attachment end opposite
the fuel receiving end, the fuel receiving end defining a filler opening, the inner surface defining a fuel passageway that
extends from the filler opening to the fuel tank attachment end, the fuel receiving end extending through the tube receiving
opening such that the fuel receiving end and the filler opening are located within the fuel filler compartment and the fuel
tank attachment end is located outside the fuel filler compartment; and

an air vent chamber structure located outside of the fuel filler compartment and having a first wall and a second wall, the
first wall having a first end contacting the exterior surface of the fuel filler compartment, the second wall extending from
the first wall toward the outer surface of the fuel filler tube, with the first wall, the second wall, a portion of the outer
surface of the fuel filler tube and a portion of the exterior surface of the fuel filler compartment defining an air vent
chamber being in fluid communication with the vent opening of the compartment wall structure, the fuel receiving end of the
fuel filler tube including an annular flange located within the fuel filler compartment that conceals the vent opening as
viewed within the fuel filler compartment along a central axis of the filler opening.

US Pat. No. 9,227,565

VEHICLE ILLUMINATION ASSEMBLY

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle interior illumination assembly, comprising:
a lighting fixture having a proximity detection layer and an illumination layer, with one of the proximity detection layer
and the illumination layer overlaying the other of the proximity detection layer and the illumination layer; and

a controller operably connected to the proximity detection layer and the illumination layer, the controller being configured
to toggle the illumination layer on and off in response to the controller detecting a first movement gesture at the proximity
detection layer, the controller being configured to adjust a first prescribed lighting parameter of the light produced by
the illumination layer in response to the controller detecting a second movement gesture at the proximity detection layer
different from the first movement gesture, the first prescribed lighting parameter being changing of the color of light produced
by the illumination layer, and the controller being configured to adjust a second prescribed lighting parameter in response
to the controller detecting a third movement gesture at the proximity detection layer that is different from the first and
second movement gestures, the second lighting parameter each being adjusting a level of brightness of light produced by the
illumination layer.

US Pat. No. 9,150,152

LIGHTED VEHICLE CARGO AREA ARRANGEMENT

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A lighted vehicle cargo area arrangement comprising:
a cargo area wall structure including a first wall surface facing a vehicle cargo area; and
a lighting system including:
a rail fixedly coupled to the cargo area wall structure defining an elongated slot and a flange, the elongated slot defining
an accessory attachment track along the rail that extends in a longitudinal direction of the rail, the elongated slot being
open to and facing inboard toward the vehicle cargo area, the flange extending downward below the elongated slot and at least
partially defining a lamp receiving space located laterally between an outboard surface of the rail and the first wall surface
and above a lowest edge of the flange,

a mounting bracket including a rail attachment section, an intermediate section and a lamp attachment section, the rail attachment
section being rigidly attached to the flange of the rail within the lamp receiving space at a location spaced apart from the
elongated slot of the rail, the intermediate section extending away from the rail and the rail attachment section toward the
first wall surface and to the lamp receiving section such that the intermediate section and the lamp attachment section are
located within the lamp receiving space above the lowest edge of the flange, and

a lamp attached to the lamp attachment section and aimed to shine light beneath the mounting bracket and the rail toward the
vehicle cargo area, the lamp being located within the lamp receiving space and spaced apart from the rail.

US Pat. No. 9,126,543

VEHICLE INTERIOR STRUCTURE

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle interior structure comprising:
a main body having a first side defining a plurality of first side attachment portions;
a first side trim panel at least partially covering the first side of the main body, the first side trim panel having a plurality
of first panel attachment portions attached to the first side attachment portions of the main body, and at least one first
projection spaced apart from the first panel attachment portions and located adjacent to the upper end of the main body, the
at least one first projection having an aperture; and

a top finisher panel covering the upper end of the main body and having at least one downwardly extending second projection
that extends into the aperture of the at least one first projection retaining the first side trim panel in position relative
to the main body.

US Pat. No. 9,093,676

APPARATUS AND METHOD OF IN-SITU MEASUREMENT OF MEMBRANE FLUID CROSSOVER

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A system for diagnosing in situ degradation of membranes in a fuel cell stack comprising:
an inert gas supply configured to be connected to the fuel cell stack to supply an inert gas to an anode side of the fuel
cell stack during diagnosis;

a collection cell configured to receive an exhaust from the anode side of the fuel cell stack, collect condensed liquid from
the exhaust and release dewatered exhaust;

a gas detector for detecting an amount of crossover cathode gas in the dewatered exhaust from the collection cell; and
a sparger for bubbling additional inert gas into the condensed liquid collected in the collection cell.

US Pat. No. 9,056,532

TIRE CONDITION ADVISORY SYSTEM

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A tire pressure optimization system for a vehicle, comprising:
a pressure detection device for detecting a first vehicle tire's inflation pressure;
a second pressure detection device for detecting a second vehicle tire's inflation pressure;
a display; and
a controller in communication with the first and second pressure detection devices and the display, the controller programmed
to:

calculate a pressure differential between the first vehicle tire's inflation pressure and the second vehicle tire's inflation
pressure;

identify an operating state of the vehicle as being:
in a warning state when the first vehicle tire's inflation pressure is below a warning low pressure threshold,
in an optimum state when the first vehicle tire's inflation pressure is within an optimum pressure range where the vehicle
will exhibit optimum performance,

in an advisory state when the first vehicle tire's inflation pressure is within an advisory pressure range where the vehicle
will exhibit an undesirable performance characteristic, wherein the advisory pressure range is outside of the optimum pressure
range and above the warning low pressure threshold, and

in the advisory state when the pressure differential is greater than an optimum pressure differential; and
operate the display to output an optimum state indication when the operating state is in the optimum state, a warning indication
when the operating state is in the warning state, and an advisory indication when the operating state is in the advisory state.

US Pat. No. 9,862,335

VEHICLE CARGO BED STRUCTURE

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle cargo bed structure comprising a vehicle cargo area including a bed floor, a front wall, a first side cargo wall
and a second side cargo wall, with a tailgate opening being defined at rearward ends of the first and second cargo walls;
an accessory attachment track attached to the bed floor, the accessory attachment track being an elongated member that extends
in a vehicle longitudinal direction along the bed floor from adjacent to the front wall of the cargo area to adjacent to the
tailgate opening, the accessory attachment track having a pair of side walls defining a channel therebetween and a pair of
lip portions that extend from upper ends of respective ones of the side walls defining an elongated opening therebetween open
to the channel, the pair of side walls, the pair of lip portions, the channel and the opening extending from adjacent to the
front wall to adjacent to the tailgate opening;

a tailgate having a first end pivotally attached to a rear of the vehicle cargo area for pivoting movement between a closed
position covering the tailgate opening between the first side cargo wall and the second side cargo wall and an open position
exposing the tailgate opening, with a gap being defined between a rear end of the bed floor and the first end of the tailgate;
and

a tailgate gap cover having an attachment structure that includes a first part and a second part, the first part being inserted
horizontally into a rear portion of the channel between the side walls of the accessory attachment track and below the pair
of lip portions, and the second part being positioned above the pair of lip portions and the channel of the accessory attachment
track with a fastening member extending between the first part and the second part clamping the attachment structure to the
lip portions of accessory attachment track such that the tailgate gap cover is removable and re-attachable to the accessory
attachment track, the tailgate gap cover further being pivotal between a horizontal orientation with the tailgate in the open
position and an upright orientation with the tailgate in the closed position, with the tailgate gap cover covering the gap
with the tailgate in the open position.

US Pat. No. 9,866,056

LITHIUM SULFUR BATTERY PULSE CHARGING METHOD AND PULSE WAVEFORM

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. An apparatus for charging a lithium-sulfur battery having at least one unit cell comprising a lithium-containing anode
and a sulfur-containing cathode with an electrolyte layer there between, the apparatus comprising:
a battery charge/discharge controller;
a battery sensor for detecting a state of charge of the lithium-sulfur battery;
a memory; and
a processor in communication with the battery charge/discharge controller and configured to execute instructions stored in
the memory to instruct the battery charge/discharge controller to:

while cycling the lithium-sulfur battery during normal use of the lithium-sulfur battery, apply voltage pulses during a voltage
application period, initiated when the battery charge/discharge controller would normally initiate a battery charge cycle
based on the state of charge of the lithium-sulfur battery as detected by the battery sensor, the application period delaying
initiation of the battery charge cycle,

wherein the voltage pulses are less than a constant current charging voltage and dissolve lithium sulfide formed on the sulfur-containing
cathode of the lithium-sulfur battery; and

initiate constant current charging after the application period has elapsed.

US Pat. No. 9,845,009

METER CLUSTER SEAL

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A seal for a meter ring, comprising:
a seal portion including a base portion and a sealing section, and being configured to block transmission of light from a
first portion of a meter cluster to a second portion of the meter cluster, the base portion being rectangular in cross section
and extending from an outer surface of the sealing section, the sealing section being substantially circular in cross section
and being configured to extend only about 45 degrees around the meter ring; and

a plurality of connecting portions monolithically formed with the seal portion and extending away from the seal portion,
and
each connecting portion of the plurality of connecting portions being spaced a predetermined distance from each adjacent connecting
portion of the plurality of connecting portions, and including a protrusion that has a first portion and a second portion,
the first portion extending from the rectangular base portion, and the second portion having a diameter that is larger than
a diameter of the first portion.

US Pat. No. 9,837,653

TWO COMPARTMENT LITHIUM SULFUR CELL AND ASSEMBLY METHOD

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. An electrochemical cell comprising:
a cathode comprising a sulfur containing material;
an anode comprising lithium;
a separator between the anode and cathode; and
an interlayer having an inner perimeter defining a central aperture, the inner perimeter in contact with a perimeter edge
of the separator, the interlayer extending outward in a direction perpendicular to a stacking direction, the interlayer configured
to prevent polysulfide migration from the cathode to the anode.

US Pat. No. 9,802,515

VEHICLE SEAT STRAP RETAINING ASSEMBLY

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle seat strap retaining assembly comprising:
a seat cushion section;
a seatback section attached to the seat cushion, the seatback section having a frame structure, a cushion portion and a cover,
the frame structure having an upper end that includes a first side portion, a central portion and a second side portion, the
central portion being centered between the first side portion and the second side portion, the central portion being vertically
lower than the first side portion and the second side portion at least partially defining a central indentation area, the
cushion portion installed over the frame structure, the cover overlaying and covering the upper end of the frame structure
and the cushion portion, the cover defining a passenger's back supporting surface and an upper end surface that extends over
the upper end of the frame structure above the first side portion, the second side portion and the central portion of the
frame structure, the central indentation area being further defined by the cover; and

a strap attachment structure rigidly fixed to a rear surface of one of the seat cushion section and the seatback section beneath
the central indentation area, the central indentation area and the strap attachment structure being positioned such that in
response to a child seat being positioned on the seat cushion section, with a securing strap of the child seat extending over
the upper end surface of the seatback section overlaying the central indentation area and attaching to the strap attachment
structure, the central indentation area is configured to center the securing strap relative to the seatback section and restricts
lateral movement of the securing strap and the child seat.

US Pat. No. 9,630,563

VEHICLE CENTER CONSOLE ASSEMBLY

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle center console assembly comprising:
a main body structure defining a storage compartment having an upper portion and a lower portion;
a tray hinge structure having a first part fixedly attached to the main body structure and a second part supported to the
first part for pivoting movement about a tray axis, the tray axis being in a fixed location relative to the main body and
the tray hinge structure being a friction hinge that restricts movement of the first part relative to the second part;

a tray having a first end fixedly attached to the second part of the tray hinge structure for movement between a lowered orientation
where the tray is completely located within the storage compartment and at least partially covers the lower portion of the
storage compartment, and a raised orientation at least partially extending out of the storage compartment and exposing the
lower portion of the storage compartment;

a lid hinge structure having a first part fixedly attached to the main body and a second part supported to the first part
of the lid hinge structure for pivoting movement about a lid axis; and

a lid attached to the second part of the lid hinge such that the lid is movable from a closed orientation completely covering
both the storage compartment and the tray, and an open orientation exposing the tray and at least the upper portion of the
storage compartment.

US Pat. No. 9,586,491

VEHICLE WIRELESS CHARGING STRUCTURE

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle having a wireless charging structure comprising:
a vehicle body structure;
a first track structure fixedly attached to the vehicle body structure, the first track structure defining a first axis;
a first shield plate movably coupled to the first track structure for movement along the first axis;
a first positioning device coupled to vehicle body structure and being configured to move and position the first shield plate
along the first track structure;

a second track structure fixedly attached to a second side of the first shield plate opposite the first side of the first
shield plate, the second track structure defining a second axis transverse to the first axis;

a second shield plate having a first side mounted to the second track structure for movement along the second track structure;
a second positioning device coupled to the first shield plate, and being configured to move and position the second shield
plate along the second axis; and

a vehicle-side induction coil fixedly attached to a second side of the second shield plate opposite the first side of the
second shield plate, the vehicle-side induction coil being configured to generate electric current in response reception of
electromagnetic radiation.

US Pat. No. 9,587,688

BRAKE ROTOR RETAINING TOOL

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A brake rotor retaining tool comprising:
a main body having a first end, a second end with a bore extending from the first end and a grip portion,
the bore having a non-threaded surface portion defining a first diameter and a threaded surface portion defining a second
diameter, the non-threaded surface portion of the bore extending from the first end of the main body between the first end
of the main body to the threaded surface portion and having a first overall length measured in an axial direction of the bore,
the threaded surface portion of the bore extending from the non-threaded surface portion toward the second end of the main
body and having a second overall length measured in the axial direction of the bore, the first overall length being greater
than the second overall length,

the first end having an outer surface defining a third diameter,
the grip portion being spaced apart from the first end and being spaced apart from the second end, the grip portion having
an outer most surface portion that defines a fourth diameter,

the second end having an outer surface that defines a fifth diameter, the fourth diameter of the grip portion being larger
than each of the third diameter and the fifth diameter.

US Pat. No. 9,562,381

VEHICLE WINDOW ASSEMBLY

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A vehicle window assembly comprising:
a body structure defining a window opening, and having an upper portion extending along an upper edge of the window opening;
a covering panel overlaying an inboard side of the window opening, and comprising a hanging loop with a hanging section; and
a hinge structure comprising a hinge base and a hinge cover, the hinge base including an inboard end and an outboard end,
and being attached to the upper portion of the body structure at the inboard end, the hinge cover being configured to attach
to the hinge base so as to form a loop support portion between the hinge base and the hinge cover, and so as to enclose an
area in which the hanging loop is to be disposed, preventing removal of the hanging loop from the area, the loop support portion
being configured to enable the hanging loop to be movable between a secured position in which the hanging section of the hanging
loop is positioned adjacent the inboard end of the hinge base, and an unsecured position in which the hanging section of the
hanging loop is disposed adjacent the outboard end of the hinge base.

US Pat. No. 9,539,896

SPRING MOUNTING STRUCTURES FOR A FUEL LID

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A spring mount assembly, comprising:
a stationary structure;
a movable panel pivotally coupled to the stationary structure for movement between a closed position and an open position;
a strip spring having a first mounting portion at a first end and a second mounting portion at a second end opposite the first
end;

a first spring mounting structure disposed on the stationary structure, the first spring mounting structure comprising a first
base for engaging the first mounting portion of the strip spring and at least one spring retention post extending from the
first base to retain the first mounting portion against translational disengagement from the first base; and

a second spring mounting structure disposed on the movable panel, the second spring mounting structure comprising a second
base for engaging the second mounting portion of the strip spring.

US Pat. No. 9,540,016

VEHICLE INTERFACE INPUT RECEIVING METHOD

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A vehicle interface input receiving method comprising:
operating a controller to enter a user input device controlling mode;
operating the controller to determine a presence of a first contact condition representing contract at a first predetermined
location on a vehicle steering wheel and a second contact condition at a second predetermined location while the controller
is operating in the user input device controlling mode;

operating the controller to control a user input device to change from a deactivated state to an activated state in response
to the first and second contact conditions simultaneously existing at the first and second predetermined locations, respectively,
while the controller is operating in the user input device controlling mode;

operating an indicator to provide an indication of the activated state while the user input device is in the activated state;
operating the controller to maintain the user input device in the activated state while the controller determines that the
first contact condition continues to exist at the first predetermined location while the controller is operating in the user
input device controlling mode;

operating the user input device to provide input to the controller in the activated state and to refrain from providing input
to the controller in the deactivated state while the controller is operating in the user input device controlling mode; and

operating the controller to control the user input device to return to the deactivated state after receiving the input from
the user input device while the controller is operating in the user input device controlling mode.

US Pat. No. 9,458,926

AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION CONTROL

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. An automatic transmission control arrangement comprising:
a propulsion device providing power to a vehicle and having a cooling system;
an automatic transmission coupled to the propulsion device to receive power therefrom and having a hydraulically powered shift
control section;

a selector device operably connected to the automatic transmission for selecting a mode of operation of the automatic transmission
including at least a forward drive setting in which the automatic transmission is coupled to the propulsion device such that
power is transmitted from the propulsion device through the automatic transmission and a neutral setting where the automatic
transmission is decoupled from the propulsion device such that power cannot be transmitted from the propulsion device through
the automatic transmission;

a temperature sensor arrangement that measures a control temperature of at least one of the cooling system and the automatic
transmission;

a motion sensor arrangement that detects a motion status of the vehicle; and
a controller operably coupled to the motion sensor arrangement, the temperature sensor arrangement and the automatic transmission,
the controller being configured to temporarily operate the automatic transmission in a decoupled mode in which the automatic
transmission is decoupled from the propulsion device with the selector device in the forward drive setting such that power
cannot be transmitted from the propulsion device through the automatic transmission in order to reduce heat generation in
response to the temperature sensor arrangement detecting the control temperature is greater than a predetermined temperature
and the motion sensor indicating that the vehicle is not in motion.

US Pat. No. 9,452,661

VEHICLE AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle air conditioning system comprising:
a compressor configured to compress refrigerant;
a condenser fluidly coupled to the compressor to receive the refrigerant from the compressor;
an evaporator fluidly coupled to the condenser to receive the refrigerant from the condenser and fluidly coupled to the compressor
to supply the refrigerant to the compressor;

a temperature sensor positioned proximate the evaporator to measure temperature of air passing through the evaporator prior
to entering a vehicle passenger compartment; and

a controller operatively coupled to the compressor to cycle the compressor on and off based upon the temperature measured
by the temperature sensor and correlation data stored in the controller that correlates temperatures at the evaporator to
estimated moisture densities at the evaporator to maintain the moisture density of the air in the vehicle passenger compartment
below a predetermined moisture density threshold, the correlation data of the controller including a plurality of temperatures
such that each temperature correlates to an estimated moisture density at a relative humidity of 100% at each temperature.

US Pat. No. 9,434,235

VEHICLE AIR HANDLING SYSTEM

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle air handling system comprising:
a housing including a structure that defines an outlet configured to guide air flow to a passenger compartment, a duct connected
to the outlet, a fresh air inlet configured to provide air from outside the vehicle into the housing and a recirculated air
inlet configured to guide air flow from the passenger compartment into the housing;

a blower arranged to move air through the housing from the fresh air inlet and the recirculated air inlet to the outlet;
a sensor within the duct of the housing and positioned at the outlet of the housing measuring humidity and temperature values
for the air flow exiting the outlet of the housing and flowing into the passenger compartment;

an air intake valve mechanism configured to move between a closed position blocking air flow from the fresh air inlet into
the housing and an open position unblocking air flow from the fresh air inlet into the housing; and

a controller operably coupled to the air intake valve mechanism and configured to selectively position the air intake valve
mechanism relative to the fresh air inlet to control an amount of fresh air introduced into the housing in order to maintain
moisture density of the air flow exiting the housing and entering the passenger compartment within a prescribed range in response
to the humidity and temperature measurements from the sensor.

US Pat. No. 9,415,663

VEHICLE WINDOW ASSEMBLY

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A vehicle window assembly, comprising:
a first transparent member disposed in an aperture of a vehicle, and having an upper end and a lower end;
a second transparent member disposed in the aperture of the vehicle, and having an upper end and a lower end; and
a mounting structure supporting the first transparent member and the second transparent member, and the second transparent
member being supported by the mounting structure so as to be angled relative to the first transparent member, and such that
the upper end of the first transparent member is spaced a first distance from the upper end of the second transparent member,
and the lower end of the first transparent member is spaced a second distance from the lower end of the second transparent
member the first distance being greater than the second distance.

US Pat. No. 9,405,293

VEHICLE TRAJECTORY OPTIMIZATION FOR AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

11. An autonomous vehicle, comprising:
a trajectory planning system that includes one or more processors and one or more memory devices for storing program instructions
used by the one or more processors, wherein the program instructions, when executed by the one or more processors, cause the
one or more processors to:

obtain information describing a roadway from a starting position to a goal position,
define a plurality of layers along the roadway at spaced locations between the starting position and the goal position, each
layer having a respective first width, and each layer having a plurality of nodes that are spaced from one another transversely
with respect to the roadway within the respective first width,

determine a trajectory from the starting position to the goal position, by minimizing a cost value associated with traversing
the layers, including, for each layer, obtaining a plurality of cost components, obtaining information associated with the
respective layer, determining layer-specific weighting factors for each of a plurality of cost components, based on information
associated with the respective layer, and determining, for each node of the respective layer, a cost for travelling to one
or more of the nodes in a subsequent layer based on the plurality of cost components and the layer-specific weighting factors,

define a plurality of refinement layers along the roadway at spaced locations between the starting position and the goal position,
each refinement layer having a respective second width that extends transversely outward from the trajectory and is less than
or equal to a transverse width between transversely adjacent pairs of the nodes from each layer of the plurality of layers,
and each layer having a plurality of refinement nodes that are spaced from one another transversely with respect to the roadway,

modify the trajectory by minimizing a cost value associated with traversing the refinement layers, including, for each refinement
layer, determining refinement layer-specific weighting factors for each of a plurality of refinement cost components based
on information associated with the respective refinement layer, and determining, for each refinement node of the respective
refinement layer, a cost for travelling to one or more of the refinement nodes in a subsequent refinement layer based on the
plurality of refinement cost components and the refinement layer-specific weighting factors, and

generate an output signal based on the trajectory;
a steering device that is operable to change a steering angle of at least one steered wheel; and
a steering control system operable to receive the output signal from the trajectory planning system and output a steering
control signal based on the output signal to the steering device for controlling operation of the steering device, wherein
the steering device changes the steering angle of the at least one steered wheel in response to the steering control signal.

US Pat. No. 9,349,291

VEHICLE INTERSECTION MONITORING SYSTEM AND METHOD

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A vehicle intersection monitoring method comprising:
generating host vehicle information with a navigation unit, the host vehicle information comprising a host vehicle location,
and a host vehicle trajectory including a host vehicle heading and a host vehicle velocity;

receiving remote vehicle information with a receiver, the remote vehicle information including a remote vehicle location,
and a remote vehicle trajectory including a remote vehicle heading and a remote vehicle velocity;

determining with a controller a location relationship between the host vehicle location and the remote vehicle location, the
location relationship including a straight line between the host vehicle location and the remote vehicle location, and an
angle between the host vehicle heading and the straight line based on a fixed coordinate system and a preselected angle direction;

determining with the controller whether the host vehicle and the remote vehicle are travelling on converging paths, including
determining an expected intersection location, based on the location relationship;

determining with the controller a host vehicle intent based on a current moving state of the host vehicle, the current moving
state of the host vehicle including brake status of the host vehicle and whether the velocity of the host vehicle is below
a threshold velocity;

selecting with the controller a host vehicle response based on the host vehicle intent indicating an intent to approach the
expected intersection location;

providing no host vehicle response while the host vehicle brake status indicates a brakes released state and the velocity
of the host vehicle is below the threshold velocity; and

altering the host vehicle response, including determining with the controller whether the current moving state of the host
vehicle has changed, determining with the controller an updated host vehicle intent based on the changed current moving state
of the host vehicle, and altering with the controller the host vehicle response based on the updated host vehicle intent.

US Pat. No. 9,200,666

VEHICLE WHEEL LOCK ASSEMBLY

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle wheel lock assembly, comprising
a main body having a wheel contacting end, a sleeve retaining section and a key receiving end that includes surface contours
defining a first key pattern, the sleeve retaining section including an annular projection and a recessed annular surface
located between the wheel contacting end and the annular projection, the annular projection having an outer diameter that
is greater than an outer diameter of the recessed annular surface; and

a hollow cylindrically-shaped sleeve having a first end and a second end, the first end being open with the main body extending
therein, the first end of the hollow cylindrically-shaped sleeve being formed with an inwardly extending projection that extends
toward the recessed annular surface, the inwardly extending projection having an inner diameter that is smaller than the outer
diameter of the annular projection of the main body such that the annular projection of the sleeve retaining section retains
the sleeve to the main body for free rotation about a central axis of the main body, the sleeve retaining section further
being configured to prevent movement of the sleeve in an axial direction of the main body, and the second end being at least
partially closed covering the key receiving end, the second end including a key receiving aperture providing access to the
first key pattern.

US Pat. No. 9,150,153

METHOD OF EMANATING A SOUND FROM A VEHICLE

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A method of emanating a sound from a vehicle comprising:
detecting a vehicle movement state, a transmission stat, and a brake state of the vehicle;
emanating an intent-to-move sound, which includes emanating a sound profile steadily at a first sound pressure level, upon
first detecting the brake state transitioned from a brake released state to a brake depressed state while the vehicle movement
state indicates a stopped state and the transmission state indicates a non-motive state; and

refraining from emanating the intent-to-move sound when the brake state indicates a brake released state while the vehicle
movement state indicates the stopped state and the transmission state indicates the non-motive state.

US Pat. No. 10,029,735

VEHICLE BODY STRUCTURE

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle body structure comprising:a floor;
a roof rail;
a first pillar structure extending between the floor and the roof rail;
a second pillar structure spaced apart from the first pillar structure extending between the floor and the roof rail;
a first panel having a first main section and a sensor installation location, the first panel at least partially defining the first pillar structure and at least partially defining the second pillar structure, the first panel extending between the first pillar structure and the second pillar structure with first main section being located between the first pillar and the second pillar, the first main section being spaced apart from the first pillar structure and the second pillar structure, and the sensor installation location being spaced apart from the first main section and being adjacent to one of the first pillar structure and the second pillar structure;
a second panel extending between the first pillar structure and the second pillar structure, the first panel and the second panel being attached to one another along the roof rail and proximate the floor, the second panel having a second main section that is spaced apart from the first main section of the first panel and defining a gap therebetween;
a pulse detection sensor attached to the first panel at the sensor installation location; and
a gap reduction member installed to the first main section of the first panel, the gap reduction member extending from the first main section toward the second main section within the gap, with the gap reduction member being spaced apart from each of the first pillar structure and the second pillar structure.

US Pat. No. 9,862,248

VEHICLE HVAC NOISE CONTROL SYSTEM

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle HVAC noise control system, comprising:
an air handler connected to a passenger compartment within a vehicle;
a blower operably connected to the air handler to provide a plurality of airflow rates for air flowing into the passenger
compartment;

an audio event device configured to electronically produce an audio event to the passenger compartment, where the audio event
device consists of one or more of the following group of devices: a mobile communication device, a navigation system and a
window sensor; and

a controller operatively connected to the blower and the audio event device, the controller controlling operation of the blower
initially at an operating airflow rate and in response to a signal from the audio event device indicating that the audio event
device will subsequently produce the audio event the controller switches the blower to a noise reducing airflow rate, with
the audio event occurring thereafter, where the signal consists of one or more of the following:

an indication of an incoming communication is being received by the mobile communication device;
an indication of that the navigation device is about to issue audible navigation instruction output;
an indication that the window sensor has detected that a window of the passenger compartment is being opened; and
an indication that an audio event device within the vehicle is about to produce an audio output that is intended to assist
the vehicle operator or passenger.

US Pat. No. 9,777,522

DOOR HINGE CHECK STRUCTURE

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle door hinge structure comprising:
a body bracket configured for attaching to a vehicle body;
a hinge arm having a first end and a second end, the first end being attached to the body bracket for pivoting movement about
a first pivot axis that extends through the body bracket such that the hinge arm pivots relative to the body bracket, the
hinge arm having a first side and a second side opposite the first side with an aperture located proximate the second end
of the hinge arm extending from the first side to the second side;

a door bracket attached to the second end of the hinge arm for pivoting movement about a second pivot axis that extends through
the door bracket, the door bracket pivoting relative to the second end of the hinge arm; and

a check structure including a clip member and a bracket pin, the clip member having a main body, a clip portion located at
a first end of the main body, and a retention portion located at a second end of the main body, the main body of the clip
member extending through the aperture defined by the hinge arm, the clip portion being positioned on the first side of the
hinge arm and the retention portion positioned on the second side of the hinge arm, the bracket pin being fixedly attached
to the door bracket at a location spaced apart from the second pivot axis such that with the clip portion of the clip member
engaging the bracket pin, the door bracket is retained in a fixed position.

US Pat. No. 9,728,786

ELECTRODE HAVING ACTIVE MATERIAL ENCASED IN CONDUCTIVE NET

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. An anode for a lithium-ion battery comprising:
a current collector;
a separator;
an active material layer between the current collector and the separator having a collector-facing surface, a separator-facing
surface and side walls extending around a perimeter of the active material layer, the active material layer comprising alloying
particles and a carbon material; and

a conductive net of carbon material surrounding the active material layer on at least the side walls of the active material
layer and the separator-facing surface of the active material layer, the conductive net having net openings sized to retain
the alloying particles and the carbon material within the conductive net while allowing lithium ions and electrons to pass
through, the conductive net maintaining electrical contact between the carbon material and the alloying particles during lithiation
and delithiation of the alloying particles.

US Pat. No. 9,598,110

VEHICLE STORAGE COMPARTMENT ASSEMBLY

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle storage compartment assembly comprising:
a bottom wall;
a first upright wall;
a second upright wall; and
a top wall,
the first upright wall, the second upright wall and the top wall each being formed with a breakaway structure with a first
section being defined on a first side of the breakaway structure and a second section being defined on a second side of the
breakaway structure, the bottom wall extending from the first section to the second section in the absence of the breakaway
structure, the first section, the second section and the bottom wall being shaped and dimensioned to define a storage space
therein, the first section having a first height measured at the breakaway structure, and the second section having a second
height measured at the breakaway structure, the first height being larger than the second height, and

the breakaway structure being configured such that in response to receiving an impacting force to one of the first section
and the second section, the breakaway structure breaks separating the first section from the second section along at least
a portion of the first upright wall, a portion of the second upright wall and a portion of the top wall.

US Pat. No. 9,592,721

VEHICLE DOOR STRUCTURE

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle door structure comprising:
a first door panel having a main upright portion, a front wall portion extending vertically along a front area of the main
upright portion, a rear wall portion extending vertically along a rear area of the main upright portion and a lower wall portion
extending horizontally along a lower area of the main upright portion from a lower end of the front wall portion to a lower
end of the rear wall portion, the main upright portion, the front wall portion, the rear wall portion and the lower wall portion
at least partially defining a door cavity; and

a reinforcing structure extending between the front wall portion and the rear wall portion within the door cavity, the reinforcing
structure including a first bracket fixed to at least one of the front wall portion and the main upright portion of the first
door panel and a reinforcing bar having a first end section rigidly fixed to the first bracket, the first end section of the
reinforcing bar having a contoured end surface that is spaced apart from adjacent surfaces of the first bracket when the first
bracket is in an undeformed state, the contoured end surface being shaped to correspond with a shape of the first bracket
and maximize surface area contact between the first end section of the reinforcing bar and the adjacent surfaces of the first
bracket when the first bracket is moved to a deformed state upon application of sufficient force acting on the reinforcing
bar in a direction causing the reinforcing bar to move toward the main upright portion of the first door panel.

US Pat. No. 9,481,310

VEHICLE STORAGE STRUCTURE

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle storage structure comprising:
a vehicle floor;
a vehicle seat assembly fixedly coupled to the vehicle floor;
a storage structure fixedly attached to the vehicle floor between the vehicle floor and a seating section of the vehicle seat
assembly, the storage structure including:

a box structure having a cargo compartment;
a lid including a first section and a second section, the first section being movable between a lowered orientation covering
the cargo compartment and a raised orientation exposing the cargo compartment, the second section being connected to the first
section via a hinge, the second section being pivotally movable about the hinge relative to the first section such that with
the first section in the lowered orientation, the second section pivots between a retracted position overlaying the first
section and an extended position with the first section and the second section together defining a flat cargo receiving surface
that extends forward of the vehicle seat assembly, the second section of the lid including an aperture; and

a locking mechanism fixedly attached to the first section of the lid and being configured to releasably lock the lid in the
lowered orientation, with the aperture of the second section of the lid exposing the locking mechanism with the second section
in the retracted position.

US Pat. No. 9,485,247

ON-BOARD VEHICLE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND METHOD

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. An on-board vehicle communication system comprising:
a memory configured to store a plurality of security certificates;
a communication processor configured to receive external information that is external to a host vehicle equipped with the
on-board vehicle communication system, the external information representing a driving environment in which the host vehicle
is travelling the communication device being further configured to communicate with a remote device that is external to the
host vehicle; and

a controller configured to evaluate whether an amount of security certificates stored in the storage device has decreased
below a first prescribed threshold and, upon determining that the amount of security certificates has decreased below the
first prescribed threshold, perform a security certificate replenishment process while permitting the communication device
to use a backup security certificate, which is different from any other of the security certificates, to communicate with
the remote device, such that during the security certificate replenishment process the controller evaluates the external information
representing the driving environment to assess a risk factor pertaining to the travelling of the host vehicle in the driving
environment, compares the risk factor to a risk threshold, controls the communication device to attempt to receive additional
security certificates from at least one source that is external of the host vehicle upon determining that the risk factor
is below the risk threshold, and controls the communication device to refrain from attempting to receive the additional security
certificates from the at least one source upon determining that the risk factor is at least equal to the risk threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,333,934

VEHICLE BODY STRUCTURE

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle body structure comprising
a first elongated body structure extending in a first direction;
a second elongated body structure extending in a second direction transverse to the first direction, the first and second
elongated body structures at least partially surrounding a window opening;

an airbag having a mounting structure mounted to and extending along the first elongated body structure, the airbag having
a distal end positioned adjacent to the mounting structure in a stowed orientation and arranged to move in the second direction
along the second elongated structure to a deployed orientation such that the distal end is spaced apart from the mounting
structure and the airbag at least partially covers the window opening in the deployed orientation, the distal end of the airbag
having a tether receiving aperture;

a tether having an airbag end and an anchor end, the airbag end being fixed to a first location proximate a first end of the
mounting structure of the airbag adjacent to the second elongated body structure, the anchor end being fixedly attached to
the second elongated body structure at a second location proximate a distal end of the airbag with the airbag in the deployed
orientation, the tether extending through the tether receiving aperture such that during movement of the airbag from the stowed
orientation to the deployed orientation the distal end moves along the tether; and

a one-way movement member fixed to the tether proximate the anchor end but spaced apart from the anchor end, the one-way movement
member passing through the tether receiving aperture from a first side of the airbag to a second side of the airbag in response
to the airbag moving from the stowed orientation to the deployed orientation, and with the airbag in the deployed orientation
the one-way movement member retains the airbag in the deployed orientation and limits movement of the distal end of the airbag
with respect to the second location, the one-way movement member having an extended orientation and a compressed orientation,
the one-way movement member moving from the extended orientation to the compressed orientation as the one-way movement member
extends into the tether receiving aperture, and the one-way movement member including at least a pair of coaxially pivoted
wings, and a biasing member positioned between the wings and biasing the wings toward the extended orientation.

US Pat. No. 9,247,210

APPARATUS FOR MONITORING TEST RESULTS FOR COMPONENTS OBSTRUCTED FROM VIEW

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A video apparatus for monitoring a vehicle component undergoing testing comprising:
a plurality of video cameras, each video camera including a lens and a coupled light source, the light source configured to
direct light in a direction that the lens of the video camera is directed;

a power source electrically coupled to the plurality of video cameras; and
a controller configured to:
receive video signals from each of the plurality of video cameras; and
control a display to simultaneously display each of the video signals.

US Pat. No. 9,153,132

ON-BOARD VEHICLE CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING WHETHER A VALUE IS WITHIN AN AREA OF INTEREST FOR EXTRANEOUS WARNING SUPPRESSION

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. An on-board warning system control method comprising:
storing information representing a plurality of boundary points of a boundary that circumscribes an area of interest in which
the boundary points are defined by two prescribed parameters;

obtaining via an on-board controller at least one condition point defined by current values of the prescribed parameters;
determining via the on-board controller a first boundary point of the boundary points that is closest to the condition point;
generating via the on-board controller geometric data representing a geometric relationship between the first boundary point,
the condition point and a second boundary point of the boundary points, the geometric relationship including a first straight
line connecting the first boundary point and the condition point, a second straight line connecting the second boundary point
and the condition point and a third straight line connecting the first boundary point and the second boundary point;

calculating via the on-board controller reference point data representing a reference point based on the geometric data;
determining via the on-board controller coordinate condition data based on an angle between a predetermined direction and
a reference line connecting the first boundary point and the reference point; and

determining via the on-board controller whether a warning condition exists by determining whether the condition point lies
within the area of interest based on a comparison between coordinates of the condition point and the coordinate condition
data.

US Pat. No. 10,088,325

PROJECTED VEHICLE TRANSPORTATION NETWORK INFORMATION NOTIFICATION

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A method of generating projected vehicle transportation network information for use in traversing a vehicle transportation network, the method comprising:traversing, by a host vehicle, a vehicle transportation network, wherein traversing the vehicle transportation network includes:
receiving, at a host vehicle, from a remote vehicle, via a wireless electronic communication link, a remote vehicle message, the remote vehicle message including remote vehicle information, the remote vehicle information indicating remote vehicle geospatial state information for the remote vehicle and remote vehicle kinematic state information for the remote vehicle,
identifying host vehicle information for the host vehicle, the host vehicle information including one or more of host vehicle geospatial state information for the host vehicle, or host vehicle kinematic state information for the host vehicle,
generating, by a processor in response to instructions stored on a non-transitory computer readable medium, projected vehicle transportation network information representing a portion of the vehicle transportation network based on the remote vehicle information and the host vehicle information, the portion including a vehicle transportation network intersection, and
in response to a determination that a remote vehicle expected path for the remote vehicle and a host vehicle expected path for the host vehicle are divergent, traversing the vehicle transportation network intersection using the projected vehicle transportation network information, wherein traversing the vehicle transportation network intersection using the projected vehicle transportation network information includes outputting at least a portion of the projected vehicle transportation network information representing the vehicle transportation network intersection.

US Pat. No. 9,865,164

VEHICLE OPERATION ASSISTANCE INFORMATION MANAGEMENT

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle configured to traverse a portion of a vehicle transportation network, the vehicle comprising:
a primary graphical display portion;
a secondary graphical display portion; and
a processor configured to execute instructions stored on a non-transitory computer readable medium to:
identify a first vehicle operation assistance information item; and
on a condition that an immanency for the first vehicle operation assistance information item is within a maximum relevant
immanence and a utility metric for the first vehicle operation assistance information item indicates high utility, present
a representation of the first vehicle operation assistance information item by:

on a condition that a first urgency identified based on the immanency indicates a warning urgency or an advisory urgency:
controlling the primary graphical display portion to present a first portion of a graphical representation of the first vehicle
operation assistance information item; and

controlling the secondary graphical display portion to present a second portion of the graphical representation; and
on a condition that the first urgency indicates an advance urgency, controlling the secondary graphical display portion to
present the graphical representation of the first vehicle operation assistance information item.

US Pat. No. 9,586,464

VEHICLE SUNROOF WIND DEFLECTOR

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A sunroof wind deflector for a vehicle, comprising:
a leading edge configured to be disposed adjacent a leading edge of an opening of a roof of the vehicle;
a trailing edge; and
an outer surface extending between the leading edge and the trailing edge, the outer surface having a radius of curvature
that changes along a length thereof so as to attenuate shear layer spreading, and including at least one protrusion, the at
least one protrusion being arcuate and configured to cause a laminar separation bubble so as to increase a freestream at a
top of the at least one protrusion.

US Pat. No. 9,568,335

ASSOCIATING PARKING AREAS WITH DESTINATIONS BASED ON AUTOMATICALLY IDENTIFIED ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN VEHICLE OPERATING INFORMATION AND NON-VEHICLE OPERATING INFORMATION

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle comprising:
a processor configured to execute instructions stored on a non-transitory computer readable medium to:
identify vehicle transportation network information representing a vehicle transportation network, the vehicle transportation
network including a primary destination, wherein identifying the vehicle transportation network information includes identifying
the vehicle transportation network information such that the vehicle transportation network information includes parking area
information representing a plurality of parking areas, wherein each parking area from the plurality of parking areas corresponds
with a respective location in the vehicle transportation network, and such that the parking area information includes parking
area association information describing an association between at least one parking area from the plurality of parking areas
and the primary destination based at least in part on an automatically identified association between vehicle operating information
and non-vehicle operating information, wherein the parking area information is based on operating information for a plurality
of vehicles, wherein the operating information includes vehicle operating information and non-vehicle operating information,
and wherein the vehicle operating information is information reported by the plurality of vehicles, wherein the vehicle operating
information includes a plurality of vehicle operations, wherein each vehicle operation from the plurality of vehicle operations
is associated with a respective vehicle from the plurality of vehicles, and wherein each parking location from the plurality
of parking areas corresponds with a respective vehicle operation from the plurality of vehicle operations, the vehicle operating
information includes passenger information that identifies a passenger and associates the passenger with a vehicle from the
plurality of vehicles, the vehicle transportation network includes a plurality of destinations that includes the primary destination,
and the non-vehicle operating information is information reported for a plurality of users, wherein the non-vehicle operating
information includes a plurality of non-vehicle operations, wherein each non-vehicle operation from the plurality of non-vehicle
operations is associated with a respective user from the plurality of users, wherein the plurality of non-vehicle operations
includes a plurality of destination operations, wherein each destination operation from the plurality of destination operations
corresponds with a respective destination from the plurality of destinations, and such that the parking area information is
determined by generating a plurality of temporal operating information groups by temporally grouping the operating information,
such that each temporal operating information group from the plurality of temporal operating information groups includes:

a respective plurality of temporally grouped vehicle operations, wherein each temporally grouped vehicle operation from the
plurality of temporally grouped vehicle operations includes temporal information within a period identified for the temporal
operating information group; and

a respective plurality of temporally grouped non-vehicle operations, wherein each temporally grouped non-vehicle operation
from the plurality of temporally grouped non-vehicle operations includes temporal information within the period identified
for the temporal operating information group;

determine a target parking area from the plurality of parking areas for the primary destination based on the vehicle transportation
network information; and

identify a route from an origin to the target parking area in the vehicle transportation network using the vehicle transportation
network information; and

a trajectory controller configured to operate the vehicle to travel from the origin to the target parking area using the route.

US Pat. No. 9,539,954

VEHICLE COMPARTMENT ASSEMBLY

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A vehicle compartment assembly comprising:
a housing having a first side wall, a second side wall opposite the first side wall, a first end wall extending from the first
side wall to the second side wall, a second end wall opposite the first end wall and a bottom wall extending between the first
and second side walls and the first and second end walls, the first and second side walls, the first and second end walls
and the bottom wall defining a storage cavity within the housing, the housing having an upper end,

the first side wall including a first projection extending into the storage cavity, the second side wall including a second
projection extending into the storage cavity toward the first projection, the first projection, the second projection and
the first end wall defining a device slot within the storage cavity, the first projection and the second projection are aligned
with one another and are spaced apart from the first end wall by a first distance and spaced apart from the second end wall
by a second distance greater than the first distance,

the device slot being dimensioned such that with a conventional media device disposed within the device slot an upper section
of the conventional media device extends above the upper end of the housing and is exposed above the upper end, and

the remainder of the storage cavity being dimensioned such that with the conventional media device disposed within the remainder
of the storage cavity all of the conventional media device fits within the remainder of the storage cavity below the upper
end of the housing.

US Pat. No. 9,539,957

VEHICLE TOOL BOX ASSEMBLY

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A tool box for a vehicle cargo space, comprising:
a body having a first end wall, a second end wall disposed opposite the first end wall, an upper surface extending between
upper ends of the first and second end walls and a lower surface extending between lower ends of the first and second end
walls, a first length from the first end wall to the second end wall being greater than a second length between first and
second side walls extending between the first and second end walls;

a plurality of cut-outs formed in the upper surface configured to receive tools;
a first lip extending upwardly from the upper surface at the first end wall;
a second lip extending upwardly from the upper surface at the second end wall;
first and second projections extending downwardly from the lower surface configured to locate to a spare tire disposed in
the vehicle cargo space; and

first and second tabs extending from the first end wall of the body in a direction away from the second end wall, the first
and second tabs being configured to substantially maintain a spaced apart relationship with a wall of the vehicle cargo space
when the tool box is received by the spare tire such that contact between the first and second tabs and the wall substantially
prevents rotational movement of the body.

US Pat. No. 9,495,810

DETERMINATION OF WHETHER A DRIVER PARKS THEIR VEHICLE IN AN ENCLOSED STRUCTURE

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. An apparatus for identifying the parking status of a vehicle, comprising:
a GPS unit configured to generate, via communication with GPS satellites, GPS navigation data for a vehicle;
at least one vehicle condition sensor on the vehicle configured to generate non-GPS navigation data for the vehicle; and
at least one processor, the at least one processor configured to execute instructions stored in a memory to:
record navigation data for the vehicle, the navigation data including at least the GPS navigation data and the non-GPS navigation
data;

identify, based on the navigation data, a parking event for the vehicle;
determine if the parking event is an open parking event where the vehicle is not covered or a covered parking event where
the vehicle is in an enclosed structure by:

associating at least some of the navigation data with the parking event;
identifying whether the navigation data associated with the parking event is GPS navigation data;
identifying the parking event as the covered parking event when the navigation data associated with the parking event is not
GPS navigation data; and

identifying the parking event as the open parking event when the navigation data associated with the parking event is GPS
navigation data; and

track a duration of each covered parking event and a duration of each open parking event throughout a lease or ownership period
of time; and

transmit the duration of covered parking events and duration of open parking events in the lease or ownership period of time
to a third party as a basis for reassessing a value of the vehicle based in part on the total duration of the covered parking
events and open parking events during the lease or ownership period of time.

US Pat. No. 10,089,874

CONVERGING PATH DETECTION STABILIZED CODEWORD GENERATION

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A method for use in traversing a vehicle transportation network, the method comprising:traversing, by a host vehicle, the vehicle transportation network, wherein traversing the vehicle transportation network includes:
receiving, at the host vehicle, from a remote vehicle, via a wireless electronic communication link, a remote vehicle message, the remote vehicle message including remote vehicle information, the remote vehicle information indicating remote vehicle geospatial state information for the remote vehicle and remote vehicle kinematic state information for the remote vehicle,
identifying host vehicle information for the host vehicle, the host vehicle information including one or more of host vehicle geospatial state information for the host vehicle, or host vehicle kinematic state information for the host vehicle,
determining a stabilized codeword indicating whether an expected path for the remote vehicle and an expected path for the host vehicle are convergent based on the host vehicle information, the remote vehicle information, and a reference direction, wherein:
on a condition that a sum of the remote vehicle heading angle and the heading approximation offset threshold is at least 2?, the reference direction is 2?;
on a condition that the sum of the remote vehicle heading angle and the heading approximation offset threshold is within 2?, the reference direction is 0; and
a false negative incorrectly indicating that the expected path for the remote vehicle and the expected path for the host vehicle are divergent on a condition that a difference between a remote vehicle heading angle for the remote vehicle and the reference direction is within a heading approximation offset threshold, is identified as convergent; and
traversing a portion of the vehicle transportation network in response to the stabilized codeword.

US Pat. No. 10,033,046

TRANSITION METAL CONTAINING NITROGEN-DOPED CARBON SUPPORT STRUCTURE FOR SULFUR ACTIVE MATERIAL AS A CATHODE FOR A LITHIUM-SULFUR BATTERY

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A cathode for a lithium-sulfur battery comprising:an active material support comprising a nitrogen-containing polymer structure doped with a sulfide precursor of one or more transition metals selected from the group containing Fe, V, Mo, W, Co, Ni, Cu and Zn; and
an active material comprising sulfur supported on the active material support.

US Pat. No. 9,803,595

VEHICLE FUEL VAPOR RECOVERY SYSTEM

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle fuel vapor recovery structure comprising:
a compartment wall structure having an interior surface defining a fuel filler compartment, the fuel filler compartment defining
a tube receiving opening and a vent opening;

a fuel tank;
a fuel filler tube having an outer surface, an inner surface, a fuel receiving end and a fuel tank attachment end opposite
the fuel receiving end, the fuel tank attachment end extending to the fuel tank and being directly attached to the fuel tank,
the fuel receiving end defining a filler opening, the inner surface defining a fuel passageway that extends from the filler
opening to the fuel tank attachment end, the fuel receiving end being located at the tube receiving opening of the fuel filler
compartment and the fuel tank attachment end being located outside the fuel filler compartment and spaced apart from the compartment
wall structure, the fuel receiving end extending through the tube receiving opening such that the fuel receiving end and the
filler opening are located within the fuel filler compartment; and

an air vent structure located outside of the fuel filler compartment and outside the fuel filler tube along the outer surface
of the fuel filler tube above the fuel tank attachment end and spaced apart from the fuel attachment end of the fuel filler
tube, the air vent structure having a first wall and a second wall, the first wall having a first end contacting an exterior
surface of the fuel filler compartment, the second wall extending from the first wall toward the outer surface of the fuel
filler tube, with the first wall, the second wall, a portion of the outer surface of the fuel filler tube and a portion of
the exterior surface of the fuel filler compartment defining an air vent chamber in fluid communication with the vent opening
of the compartment wall structure, the air vent structure defining a chamber opening connected via a vent line to a fuel vapor
filter canister such that vapor from the fuel filler compartment is vented to the fuel vapor filter canister through the chamber
opening, the air vent structure having a screen at the chamber opening to prevent entry of objects through the chamber opening
to the fuel vapor filter canister.

US Pat. No. 9,802,575

VEHICLE WIPER SYSTEM

NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A vehicle wiper system, comprising:
a plurality of first sensor elements configured to be disposed at a periphery of a vehicle window to form a boundary;
an adjustable wiper having a distal end and a proximal end, and having an adjustment mechanism that enables a distance between
the distal end and the proximal end to change, the adjustable wiper configured to travel along the vehicle window to define
a wiper path; and

a second sensor element disposed adjacent the distal end of the adjustable wiper blade, and configured to operate in conjunction
with the first sensor element to adjust the adjustable wiper such that a distance between the distal end and the proximal
end changes, and a distance between the distal end of the wiper and the boundary remains substantially consistent as the adjustable
wiper travels along the wiper path.

US Pat. No. 9,694,673

TANK ASSEMBLY WITH RETAINING RING

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. An assembly for storing fuel, the assembly comprising:
a tank having an opening and a plurality of flanges, the opening defined by a perimeter, the plurality of flanges located
about the perimeter;

a fuel pump module partially located within the opening;
a retaining ring located within the plurality of flanges, positioned around the opening and the fuel pump module;
a seal ring, the seal ring located within the plurality of flanges, positioned around the opening and the fuel pump module
such that in a radial direction the seal ring is positioned between the fuel pump module and the retaining ring, and in an
axial direction the seal ring is positioned between the fuel pump module and the fuel tank,

wherein the retaining ring includes a main body having a generally disc shaped form, the generally disk shaped form defined
by a top surface, a bottom surface, an inner surface and an outer surface, a diameter of the inner surface being greater than
an outer diameter of the seal ring; and

the retaining ring further includes one or more tabs extending away from the main body at the outer surface, the tabs having
an upper surface and a lower surface, the upper surface of the tabs aligning with the top surface of the main body, and the
lower surface of the tabs aligning with the bottom surface of the main body.

US Pat. No. 10,126,135

TRAFFIC SIGNAL TIMING ESTIMATION USING AN ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK MODEL

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle comprising:a processor configured to execute instructions stored on a non-transitory computer readable medium to:
identify transportation network information representing a vehicle transportation network, the vehicle transportation network including a primary destination, wherein identifying the transportation network information includes identifying the transportation network information such that the transportation network information includes expected traffic control device state information, wherein the expected traffic control device state information is determined using an expected traffic control device state determination unit, wherein the expected traffic control device state determination unit implements a machine learning algorithm to determine the expected traffic control device state information, wherein the machine learning algorithm includes an artificial neural network algorithm trained using a plurality of selected traffic control features identified based on traffic control information for a traffic control device controller associated with a vehicle transportation network intersection, and
identify a route from an origin to the primary destination in the vehicle transportation network using the transportation network information, wherein the route includes the vehicle transportation network intersection, and wherein the expected traffic control device state information includes expected traffic control device state information corresponding to the vehicle transportation network intersection, and wherein using the transportation network information includes using the expected traffic control device state information corresponding to the vehicle transportation network intersection; and
a trajectory controller configured to operate the vehicle to traverse the vehicle transportation network from the origin to the primary destination using the route.

US Pat. No. 10,090,530

NON-CARBON MIXED-METAL OXIDE ELECTROCATALYSTS

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. An electrocatalyst, comprising:non-carbon composite support particles, each non-carbon composite support particle comprising titanium dioxide and ruthenium dioxide, wherein ruthenium dioxide nano-particles are non-uniformly deposited on a titanium dioxide nano-particle, forming uniformly located adhesion sites between the titanium dioxide and the ruthenium dioxide, wherein the titanium dioxide nano-particle has a first particle size and each ruthenium dioxide nano-particle has a second particle size, the first particle size and the second particle size being the same.

US Pat. No. 10,086,434

METHOD OF PREPARING SHAPE-CONTROLLED PLATINUM BASED ALLOYS

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A method of preparing shape-controlled alloy particles comprising:dissolving a solvent in a surfactant selected to inhibit particle growth;
adding a noble metal precursor and a transition metal precursor to form a mixture;
irradiating the mixture with a microwave under reflux for about thirty minutes or less at an irradiation temperature of between 185° C. and 195° C.;
cooling the mixture; and
drying the mixture at a temperature of between 55° C. and 65° C. to obtain shape-controlled alloy particles having a uniform shape, the shape dependent upon the surfactant used.

US Pat. No. 10,029,728

VEHICLE ADAPTIVE STEERING CONTROL APPARATUS

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle adaptive steering control apparatus, comprising:a steer-by-wire steering wheel assembly;
a front wheel steering mechanism in electronic communication with the steer-by-wire steering wheel assembly, the front wheel steering mechanism having a right wheel steering portion and a left wheel steering portion, the right wheel steering portion and the left wheel steering portion being independently operable relative to one another;
a left front wheel rotatably coupled to the left wheel steering portion;
a right front wheel rotatably coupled to the right wheel steering portion;
a left front suspension structure coupled to the left front wheel;
a right front suspension structure coupled to the right front wheel;
a load detection device configured to measure a condition indicative of vehicle loads, the load detection device including sensors installed directly on coil springs of each of the left and right suspension structures; and
a controller in electronic communication with the steer-by-wire steering wheel assembly, the front wheel steering mechanism and the load detection device, the controller calculating toe angle adjustments for each of the right wheel steering portion and the left wheel steering portion in response to determining a load on each of the left front wheel and the right front wheel based on signals from measurements of the sensors installed to the coil springs sensors, the controller further making the toe angle adjustments via changes in turning and steering movements effected by the front wheel steering mechanism.