US Pat. No. 9,132,933

PLASTIC CONTAINER WITH STRAPPED BASE

Niagara Bottling, LLC, O...

1. A container, comprising:
a flat foot base comprising a gate centered on a central axis of the container, a wall extending from the gate toward a resting
surface of the container, and flat feet extending from the wall to the resting surface;

a sidewall connected to the flat foot base and extending substantially along the central axis to define at least an interior
portion of the container, the sidewall having a plurality of sidewall ribs;

a bell connected to the sidewall and leading upward and radially inward to a finish;
a plurality of strap ribs positioned in the flat foot base between the flat feet, the strap ribs extending radially outward
from at least one of the gate and the wall toward the sidewall, and the strap ribs sloping upward relative to the resting
surface toward the sidewall from the at least one of the gate and the wall to resist deformation of the base; and

a plurality of recessed columns positioned in the sidewall and comprising shallow sections between adjacent sidewall ribs
extending along a periphery of the sidewall and centered about the central axis, portions of the sidewall between the sidewall
ribs substantially continuous along the periphery of the sidewall, and the recessed columns configured to resist at least
one of bending, leaning, crumbling, and stretching along the sidewall,

wherein the strap ribs and the recessed columns are vertically aligned with the central axis to form pressure resistance bands,
each pressure resistance band comprising a strap rib vertically aligned with the central axis and a recessed column, and the
pressure resistance bands configured to communicate forces on the container vertically along the container between the base
and the sidewall to continuously resist deformation in the base and the sidewall,

wherein the plurality of sidewall ribs comprises a plurality of varying depth ribs positioned along the periphery of the sidewall,
each varying depth rib comprising a plurality of shallow sections and a plurality of deep sections, each shallow section having
a rib depth less than that of each deep section, the plurality of shallow sections vertically aligned along the central axis
to form the plurality of recessed columns, and the plurality of varying depth ribs comprising a hoop strength approximating
that of a plurality of non-varying depth ribs, and

wherein weight of the container is minimized.

US Pat. No. 9,120,589

PLASTIC CONTAINER WITH STRAPPED BASE

Niagara Bottling, LLC, O...

1. A container, having a base, a bell, a neck and a finish defining an opening, and a shoulder between the sidewall and the
bell, the container comprising:
a sidewall disposed between the base and the bell, the sidewall connected to the flat foot base and extending substantially
along the central axis to define at least an interior portion of the container, the sidewall having a plurality of sidewall
ribs;

a grip portion of the sidewall comprising a multiplicity of circumferentially positioned grip portion ribs;
a plurality of strap ribs, wherein each of the strap ribs extends substantially from a central portion of the base and terminates
at a sidewall end in the grip portion, and wherein the strap ribs cooperate with recessed columns of the sidewall so as to
resist at least one of bending, leaning, crumbling, or stretching along the sidewall and the base;

a plurality of load ribs spaced between adjacent strap ribs, wherein the load ribs are configured to resist deformation of
the base; and

a plurality of feet formed between the strap ribs and the load ribs, wherein the plurality of feet comprises a resting surface
of the container,
wherein the plurality of sidewall ribs comprises a plurality of varying depth ribs positioned along the periphery of the sidewall,
each varying depth rib comprising a plurality of shallow sections and a plurality of deep sections, each shallow section having
a rib depth less than that of each deep section, the plurality of shallow sections vertically aligned along the central axis
to form the plurality of recessed columns, and the plurality of varying depth ribs comprising a hoop strength approximating
that of a plurality of constant depth ribs, and
wherein weight of the container is minimized.

US Pat. No. 10,023,346

SWIRL BELL BOTTLE WITH WAVY RIBS

Niagara Bottling, LLC, O...

1. A container comprising a base, a bell, a sidewall between the base and the bell, a neck and a finish which define an opening to an interior of the container, and a shoulder between the sidewall and the bell, the container comprising:a grip portion of the sidewall comprising a multiplicity of circumferentially positioned grip portion ribs, each grip portion rib comprising a deep rib portion transitioning to a middle rib portion and then to a shallow rib portion;
a label portion of the sidewall comprising a multiplicity of circumferentially positioned label portion ribs;
a plurality of strap ribs, wherein each of the strap ribs extends substantially from a central portion of the base and terminates at a sidewall end in the grip portion, and wherein the strap ribs cooperate with a plurality of vertically aligned recessed columns of the sidewall so as to resist at least one of bending, leaning, crumbling, or stretching along the sidewall and the base and further wherein said plurality of strap ribs offers pressure resistance for internally pressured bottles;
a plurality of inwardly offset portions of the sidewall configured to resist outward bowing of the sidewall due to internal pressure of contents in the interior of the container, each of the plurality of inwardly offset portions being disposed between each pair of adjacent vertically aligned recessed columns;
a plurality of load ribs spaced equally between adjacent strap ribs, wherein the load ribs are configured to resist deformation of the base; and
a plurality of feet formed between the strap ribs and the load ribs, wherein the plurality of feet comprises a resting surface of the container.
US Pat. No. 9,957,360

GRAPHENE REINFORCED POLYETHYLENE TEREPHTHALATE

Niagara Bottling, LLC, O...

1. A method of preparing injected molded polyethylene terephthalate graphene nanoplatelet nanocomposites, comprising:compounding polyethylene terephthalate with dispersed graphene nanoplatelets so as to obtain one or more master-batch pellets using twin-screw extrusion and ultrasound-assisted extrusion;
wherein the ultrasound-assisted extrusion comprises applying ultrasound waves to the polyethylene terephthalate and graphene nanoplatelets so as to increase the melt temperature locally as a result of acoustic cavitation, the ultrasound waves comprising ultrasound amplitudes of 5 ?m; and
injection molding the master-batch pellets using a high-speed injection molding process to form polyethylene terephthalate-graphene nanoplatelet nanocomposites, wherein the polyethylene terephthalate-graphene nanoplatelet nancomposites comprise graphene nanoplatelets weight fraction ranging between 0.5% and 15%.
US Pat. No. 9,890,263

GRAPHENE REINFORCED POLYETHYLENE TEREPHTHALATE

Niagara Bottling, LLC, O...

1. A method for preparing graphene reinforced polyethylene terephthalate (PET), comprising:
obtaining graphene nanoplatelets;adding the graphene nanoplatelets to a solvent comprising ethylene glycol suitable for producing PET;
sonicating the solvent and graphene nanoplatelets so as to cause a homogeneous dispersion of the graphene nanoplatelets within
the solvent;

centrifuging the solvent and graphene nanoplatelets to remove larger graphene nanoplatelets that are not suitably dispersed
within the solvent;

decanting a supernatant solution of graphene nanoplatelets dispersed in the solvent;
using the supernatant solution for in-situ polymerization of the graphene reinforced PET, wherein using the supernatant solution
for in-situ polymerization further comprises performing an ester interchange reaction to produce a PET monomer, followed by
performing a polycondensation reaction so as to produce a PET polymer chain; and

wherein performing the ester interchange reaction comprises charging the solution of graphene nanoplatelets dispersed in the
solvent and powdered dimethyl terephthalate (DMT) into a reactor under nitrogen purge at a molar ratio of 2.3:1 with an excess
of ethylene glycol.

US Pat. No. 10,118,724

PREFORM EXTENDED FINISH FOR PROCESSING LIGHT WEIGHT ECOLOGICALLY BENEFICIAL BOTTLES

Niagara Bottling, LLC, O...

1. A preform suitable for being blow-molded to form a container, the preform comprising:a neck portion comprising an opening to an interior of the preform;
a tapered portion comprising a smooth transition from a diameter of the neck portion to a smaller diameter of a cylindrical portion comprising an elongate member that extends to an end cap; and
a finish disposed on the neck portion and configured to threadably receive a cap wherein the neck portion comprises a plurality of internal columns disposed within the opening and configured to impart a degree of structural integrity to the neck portion and reduce an amount of material comprising the preform.

US Pat. No. 10,106,342

DOCK DOOR AUTOMATION SYSTEM AND METHOD

Niagara Bottling, LLC, O...

1. A system for servicing a truck trailer at a docking bay, comprising:a programmable logic controller (PLC) system configured to operate the docking bay to accept, secure, and release the truck trailer;
at least a first sensor and a second sensor to detect an angle between a centerline of the docking bay and the truck trailer during backing into the docking bay;
at least a third and fourth sensors to detect a distance between a wall of the docking bay and a rearmost portion of the truck trailer;
an outside lighting system in communication with the PLC system and configured to provide feedback to a truck driver during backing the truck trailer into the docking bay, the lighting system configured to operate in response to signals from the first, second, third, and fourth sensors;
a vehicle restraint system in communication with the PLC system and configured to fixate the truck trailer within the docking bay;
an overhead door in communication with the PLC system and configured to open once the trailer is fixated by the vehicle restraint system;
a dock leveler in communication with the PLC system and configured to deploy after the overhead door opens; and
an inside dock light in communication with the PLC system and configured to indicate a status of the truck trailer to dock personnel.

US Pat. No. 10,654,609

PLASTIC CONTAINER WITH STRAPPED BASE

Niagara Bottling, LLC, O...

1. A container configured to resist deformation in the base and the sidewall comprising:a flat foot base comprising a gate, a wall, and flat feet, the gate centered on a central axis of the container, the wall extending from the gate toward a resting surface of the container, the flat feet extending from the wall to the resting surface;
a sidewall connected to the base, the sidewall extending substantially along the central axis to define at least part of an interior of the container;
a bell connected to the sidewall and leading upward and radially inward to a finish connected to the bell;
a plurality of pressure resistance bands vertically lined up along the central axis configured to communicate forces on the container vertically along the container between the base and the sidewall to continuously resist deformation in the base and the sidewall;
further comprising a plurality of recessed columns positioned in the sidewall, the recessed columns comprising sidewall ribs extending along a periphery of the sidewall and centered about the central axis, wherein portions of the sidewall between the sidewall ribs are substantially continuous along the periphery of the sidewall, the recessed columns configured to resist at least one of bending, leaning, crumbling, or stretching along the sidewall;
and wherein the sidewall ribs comprise a plurality of varying depth ribs positioned along the periphery of the sidewall, wherein each varying depth rib comprises shallow sections and deep sections, the shallow sections having a rib depth less than a rib depth of the deep sections, wherein the shallow sections of the plurality of varying depth ribs vertically line up along the central axis to form the recessed columns.

US Pat. No. 10,392,150

PLASTIC CONTAINER

Niagara Bottling, LLC, O...

1. A plastic container comprising:a neck section, a shoulder section, a body section and a base section, wherein said base section comprises at least two tie members extending from a central area to a side wall of said base section, the tie members formed as partial grooves that extend in a longitudinal direction, such that the tie members are arranged between feet of the base section;
wherein at least one reinforcement groove is provided between the two tie members, the reinforcement grooves comprising a varying depth in a radial direction;
wherein there are at least in certain areas circumferential grooves provided in a peripheral direction comprising a varying depth, between said tie members;
the tie members extend into the body section and the shoulder section of the plastic container; and
wherein the tie members end immediately before or after a labeling area of the body region intended for receiving a label.

US Pat. No. 10,150,585

PLASTIC CONTAINER WITH VARYING DEPTH RIBS

Niagara Bottling, LLC, O...

1. A container comprising:a base;
a sidewall connected to the base, the sidewall extending over a length substantially along a central axis to define at least part of an interior of the container, the sidewall comprising a label portion that defines a label portion perimeter and a grip portion that defines a grip portion perimeter;
a bell connected to the sidewall and leading upward and radially inward to a finish connected to the bell, the finish adapted to receive a closure; and
a plurality of varying depth ribs positioned along the sidewall in the grip portion, wherein each varying depth rib comprises a shallow section, a middle section, and a deep section;
wherein the shallow sections have a rib depth less than a rib depth of the middle sections, and the deep sections have a rib depth greater than the rib depth of the middle sections;
wherein the shallow sections of the plurality of varying depth ribs substantially vertically line up along the central axis and form a recessed column;
wherein the recessed column is configured to resist at least one of bending, leaning, crumbling, or stretching; and
wherein the deep sections are configured to provide hoop strength.

US Pat. No. 10,696,499

DOCK DOOR AUTOMATION SYSTEM AND METHOD

Niagara Bottling, LLC, D...

1. A system for servicing a truck trailer at a docking bay, comprising:a programmable logic controller (PLC) system;
a first pair of bay laser-guided vehicle sensors configured to detect an angle between a centerline of the docking bay and the truck trailer during backing into the docking bay, wherein the first pair of bay laser-guided vehicle sensors communicate with a second pair of bay laser-guided vehicle sensors, wherein each pair of bay laser-guided vehicle sensors is supported by a beam and positioned an equivalent distance from a dock centerline;
one or more dock sensors to detect a distance between a wall of the docking bay and a rearmost portion of the truck trailer;
a first alert system in communication with the PLC system and configured to operate in response to signals from the one or more bay laser-guided vehicle sensors, and one or more dock sensors;
wherein the first alert system comprises directional arrow lights configured to help the driver to properly orient the truck trailer with respect to the centerline of the docking bay, and wherein a passenger side and a driver side of the directional arrow lights communicate to the driver directions to steer the trailer;
wherein the directional arrow lights remain off while the truck trailer is properly aligned with the centerline;
an overhead door in communication with the PLC system;
a dock leveler in communication with the PLC system and configured to deploy after the overhead door opens; and
a second alert system in communication with the PLC system and configured to indicate a status of the truck trailer to dock personnel; and
a vehicle restraint system in communication with the PLC system and configured to fixate the truck trailer within the docking bay;
wherein the overhead door is configured to open once the trailer is fixated by the vehicle restraint system wherein the vehicle restraint system engages the truck trailer following a time delay after the truck trailer is sufficiently positioned within the docking bay; wherein the PLC system includes a manual operation mode and an alarm mode configured to provide an audio and visual alert when the truck fails to properly engage the trailer.

US Pat. No. 10,202,217

PLASTIC CONTAINER WITH STRAPPED BASE

Niagara Bottling, LLC, O...

1. A plastic container configured to hold a liquid and resist deformation, comprising:a base portion comprising a hemispherical configuration and comprising a plurality of strap ribs extending from a central portion of the base to a circular perimeter, a plurality of load ribs disposed between adjacent strap ribs, and a plurality of feet formed between the strap ribs and the load ribs, the plurality of feet comprising a resting surface of the plastic container;
a sidewall comprising a grip portion extending from the base to a label panel which extends to a shoulder, the grip portion comprising a grip portion perimeter and one or more circumferentially positioned angulating grip portion ribs ranging between 1 rib and 30 ribs disposed and constrained within a linear distance of 10 centimeters, the grip portion ribs comprising a plurality of sections varying in depth including a deep rib section that transitions to a shallow rib section, and the label panel comprising a label portion perimeter and one or more label panel ribs;
wherein a periphery of the sidewall is substantially perpendicular to a central axis of the interior; and
a bell comprising a diameter which decreases as the bell extends from the shoulder to a neck; and
a finish connected to the neck and configured to receive a closure, the neck and finish defining an opening to an interior of the container.

US Pat. No. 10,329,043

PREFORM EXTENDED FINISH FOR PROCESSING LIGHT WEIGHT ECOLOGICALLY BENEFICIAL BOTTLES

Niagara Bottling, LLC, O...

1. A preform suitable for being blow-molded to form a container, the preform comprising:a neck portion comprising an opening to an interior of the preform and a plurality of longitudinally oriented internal columns;
a tapered portion comprising a smooth transition from a diameter of the neck portion to a smaller diameter of a cylindrical portion comprising an elongate member that extends to an end cap, wherein a wall thickness of the cylindrical portion is substantially uniform throughout the cylindrical portion and an end cap;
a finish disposed on the neck portion and configured to threadably receive a cap; and
wherein the neck portion and body portion are monolithically formed.

US Pat. No. 10,647,465

PERFORM EXTENDED FINISH FOR PROCESSING LIGHT WEIGHT ECOLOGICALLY BENEFICIAL BOTTLES

Niagara Bottling, LLC, O...

1. A preform suitable for being blow-molding, the preform comprising:a neck portion comprising an opening to an interior of the preform and a plurality of longitudinally oriented internal columns;
a tapered portion comprising a transition from a first diameter of the neck portion to a second diameter of a cylindrical portion comprising an elongate member that extends to an end cap, wherein a wall thickness of the cylindrical portion is substantially uniform throughout the cylindrical portion;
a finish disposed on the neck portion and configured to threadably receive a cap; and
wherein the neck portion and body portion are a single structure.

US Pat. No. 10,612,909

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR OPTICAL MEASUREMENT OF CONTAINER WALL THICKNESS

Niagara Bottling, LLC, O...

1. A measurement system for determining container wall thicknesses of containers manufactured on a production line, comprising:one or more light sources configured to emit light of one or more known frequencies and oriented to direct the light through the containers, wherein each of the one or more light sources may be pulsed for an integration time;
one or more cameras oppositely oriented to the one or more light sources, the one or more cameras configured to receive light transmitted through the containers;
a trigger configured to coordinate timing of the one or more cameras with i) the motion of the containers along the production line and ii) at least two light sources configured to emit light at two different known frequencies;anda dedicated computer system configured for determining the wall thicknesses of the containers by correlating the light transmitted through the containers and received by the one or more cameras with a known absorbance spectrum of a material of the containers, wherein the determined wall thickness may be utilized as a real-time input in conjunction with one more control variables comprising preform temperature, such that one or more algorithms are configured to control a material quantity with respect to container walls.
US Pat. No. 10,738,167

GRAPHENE REINFORCED POLYETHYLENE TEREPHTHALATE

Niagara Bottling, LLC, D...

1. A method of preparing graphene nanoplatelets reinforced polyethylene terephthalate nanocomposites, comprising:compounding polyethylene terephthalate with dispersed graphene nanoplatelets at a 5% weight fraction using an ultrasound-assisted co-rotating twin screw micro-compounder equipped with an ultrasound horn operating at 40 kHz so as to obtain one or more master-batch pellets,
forming polyethylene terephthalate-graphene nanoplatelet nanocomposites; and
wherein the ultrasound-assisted master-batch pellets have a polydispersity index ranging between 1.8 and 1.9.

US Pat. No. 10,987,851

NOZZLE FOR BLOW-MOLDING STEPPED FINISH PREFORM

Niagara Bottling, LLC, D...

1. A nozzle for forming a container preform into a plastic container, the nozzle comprising:a first cylindrical portion including a first seal;
a second cylindrical portion including a second seal; and
a tapered portion between the first and second cylindrical portions.

US Pat. No. 10,919,671

TAMPER EVIDENCE BRIDGES

Niagara Bottling, LLC, D...

1. A container configured to provide highly visible evidence of having been opened by other than a manufacturer of the container, comprising:a base extending upward to a sidewall of the container;
a shoulder connected between the sidewall and a bell, a diameter of the bell decreasing as the bell extends upward to a neck of the container;
a finish connected to the neck and configured to receive a container cap, the finish comprising a neck ring and defining an opening to an interior of the container; and
at least one tamper evidence bridge coupled with the container cap and the neck ring, the at least one tamper evidence bridge configured to break when the container cap is rotated relative to the finish;
the at least one tamper evidence bridge formed as a tab extending from the container cap to a geometric feature in the perimeter of the neck ring, wherein the tab is laser molded to the geometric feature.

US Pat. No. 10,807,759

PLASTIC CONTAINER WITH STRAPPED BASE

Niagara Bottling, LLC., ...

1. A container comprising a flat foot base having strap ribs and a sidewall having recessed columns, the strap ribs and recessed columns vertically lined up to resist deformation in the base and the sidewall, the container comprising:a flat foot base comprising a gate, a wall, and flat feet, the gate centered on a central axis of the container, the wall extending from the gate toward a resting surface of the container, the flat feet extending from the wall to the resting surface;
a sidewall connected to the base, the sidewall extending substantially along the central axis to define at least part of an interior of the container;
a bell connected to the sidewall and leading upward and radially inward to a finish connected to the bell;
a plurality of strap ribs positioned in the base between the flat feet, the strap ribs extending radially outward from at least one of the gate or the wall toward the sidewall, the strap ribs sloping upward relative to the resting surface toward the sidewall from the at least one of the gate or the wall to resist deformation of the base, the strap ribs comprising a petal wall;
a plurality of recessed columns positioned in the sidewall, the recessed columns comprising sidewall ribs extending along a periphery of the sidewall and centered about the central axis, wherein portions of the sidewall between the sidewall ribs are substantially continuous along the periphery of the sidewall, the recessed columns configured to resist at least one of bending, leaning, crumbling, or stretching along the sidewall;
wherein the strap ribs and the recessed columns vertically line up along the central axis to form pressure resistance bands such that each pressure resistance band comprises a strap rib vertically lined up along the central axis with a recessed column, the pressure resistance bands configured to communicate forces on the container vertically along the container between the base and the sidewall to continuously resist deformation in the base and the sidewall;
wherein at least one strap rib extends from the base end with a first radius and transitions to a second radius so as to terminate at a sidewall end, the first radius ranging between 20 to 80 millimeters; and
wherein the sidewall is substantially square about the periphery of the sidewall, and wherein the plurality of recessed columns comprises four recessed columns positioned in the sidewall equidistantly around the periphery of the square sidewall such that each pressure resistance band further comprises another strap rib radially extending 180 degrees opposite the strap rib, the other strap rib vertically lined up along the central axis with another recessed column; and
wherein the sidewall ribs comprise a plurality of varying depth ribs positioned along the periphery of the sidewall, wherein each varying depth rib comprises shallow sections and deep sections, the shallow sections having a rib depth less than a rib depth of the deep sections, wherein the shallow sections of the plurality of varying depth ribs vertically line up along the central axis to form the recessed columns.

US Pat. No. 10,377,534

TAMPER EVIDENCE BRIDGES

Niagara Bottling, LLC, O...

1. A container configured to provide highly visible evidence of having been opened by other than a manufacturer of the container, comprising:a base extending upward to a sidewall of the container;
a shoulder connected between the sidewall and a bell, a diameter of the bell decreasing as the bell extends upward to a neck of the container;
a finish connected to the neck and configured to receive a container cap, the finish comprising a neck ring and defining an opening to an interior of the container wherein the container cap is comprised of a multiplicity of scales that are uniformly disposed around the circumference of the bottom-most edge of the container cap and are engagedly coupled with a similar multiplicity of ramps extending from the upper-most surface of the neck ring, and wherein a bridge couples an end of each of the multiplicity of scales with the container cap; and
at least one tamper evidence bridge coupled with the container cap and the neck ring, the at least one tamper evidence bridge being configured to break when the container cap is rotated relative to the finish.

US Pat. No. 10,358,252

PLASTIC CONTAINER WITH STRAPPED BASE

Niagara Bottling, LLC, O...

1. A container comprising a flat foot base having strap ribs and a sidewall having recessed columns, the strap ribs and recessed columns vertically lined up to resist deformation in the base and the sidewall, the container comprising:a flat foot base comprising a gate, a wall, and flat feet, the gate centered on a central axis of the container, the wall extending from the gate toward a resting surface of the container, the flat feet extending from the wall to the resting surface;
a substantially square sidewall connected to the base, the sidewall extending substantially along the central axis to define at least part of an interior of the container, wherein the sidewall comprises corners and flat portions between the corners;
a bell connected to the sidewall and leading upward and radially inward to a finish connected to the bell, the bell comprising an obtuse angle as measured from a central axis to a wall of the bell of at least 120 degrees;
a plurality of strap ribs positioned in the base between the flat feet, the strap ribs extending radially outward from at least one of the gate or the wall toward the sidewall, the strap ribs sloping upward relative to the resting surface toward the sidewall from the at least one of the gate or the wall to resist deformation of the base, the strap ribs configured so as to resist pressurization pressures in the container of up to 3 bars;
wherein a periphery of the sidewall is substantially perpendicular to a central axis, the periphery being defined by a label portion comprising a label portion perimeter, and a grip portion comprises a grip portion perimeter;
a plurality of recessed columns positioned in the sidewall, the recessed columns comprising sidewall ribs extending along a periphery of the sidewall and centered about the central axis, wherein portions of the sidewall between the sidewall ribs are substantially continuous along the periphery of the sidewall, the recessed columns configured to resist at least one of bending, leaning, crumbling, or stretching along the sidewall; and
wherein the strap ribs and the recessed columns vertically line up along the central axis to form pressure resistance bands such that each pressure resistance band comprises a strap rib vertically lined up along the central axis with a recessed column, the pressure resistance bands configured to communicate forces on the container vertically along the container between the base and the sidewall to continuously resist deformation in the base and the sidewall;
wherein the plurality of recessed columns comprises four recessed columns positioned in the sidewall equidistantly around the periphery of the square sidewall such that each pressure resistance band further comprises another strap rib radially extending 180 degrees opposite the strap rib, the other strap rib vertically lined up along the central axis with another recessed column; and
sidewall ribs comprising a plurality of varying depth ribs positioned along the periphery of the sidewall, wherein each varying depth rib comprises shallow sections and deep sections, the shallow sections having a rib depth less than a rib depth of the deep sections, wherein the shallow sections of the plurality of varying depth ribs vertically line up along the central axis to form the recessed columns, and wherein the deep sections are positioned at the four corners of the square sidewall, the deep sections configured to resist rounding of the square sidewall at the flat portions.

US Pat. No. 10,981,690

PLASTIC CONTAINER WITH VARYING DEPTH RIBS

Niagara Bottling, LLC, D...

1. A container comprising:a base;
a grip portion connected to the base through a constant depth base rib and defining a grip portion perimeter that is substantially perpendicular to a central axis, the grip portion comprising a plurality of grip portion ribs;
wherein the grip portion ribs comprise a plurality of flattened ribs;
a label panel portion connected to the grip portion and defining a label portion perimeter that is substantially perpendicular to the central axis;
the label panel portion comprising a plurality of label ribs, wherein one or more flattened ribs of the label panel ribs are vertically misaligned with the flattened ribs of the grip portion ribs such that the label portion has a set of recessed columns and the grip portion has another set of recessed columns;
a bell with an obtuse angle as measured from the central axis to a wall of the bell, the bell connected to the label panel portion through a shoulder and leading upward and radially inward to a finish connected to the bell, the finish adapted to receive a closure; and
a plurality of angulating and varying depth ribs positioned substantially along the perimeter of the grip portion wherein each angulating and varying depth rib comprises a plurality of shallow sections, a plurality of middle sections, and a plurality of deep sections; and
wherein the shallow sections have a rib depth less than a rib depth of the middle sections, and the deep sections have a rib depth greater than the rib depth of the middle sections;
wherein the shallow sections of the varying depth ribs substantially vertically line up along the central axis and form recessed columns; and
whereby the recessed columns are configured to resist at least one of bending, leaning, crumbling, or stretching, and the plurality of deep sections are configured to provide hoop strength.

US Pat. No. 10,829,260

PREFORM EXTENDED FINISH FOR PROCESSING LIGHT WEIGHT ECOLOGICALLY BENEFICIAL BOTTLES

Niagara Bottling, LLC, D...

1. A PET preform for forming a heat-set container, the preform comprising:a cylindrical portion configured to be blow-molded into the heat-set container; and
a neck portion that couples a finish with the cylindrical portion,
a wall thickness of the neck portion transitions to a predetermined wall thickness of the cylindrical portion, wherein the predetermined wall thickness is suitable for blow-molding at least the cylindrical portion into a heat-set container; and
wherein the finish is configured to accommodate a headspace for nitrogen hot-filling the heat-set container with pressurized contents.