US Pat. No. 9,119,146

SCHEDULING OF USER TERMINALS IN COMMUNICATION NETWORK

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
determining a duration of a discontinuous reception cycle for a user terminal, wherein the beginning of the cycle triggers
a first active period during which the user terminal is in an active mode;

determining an interval between periodic channel quality indicator reports for the user terminal;
aligning the discontinuous reception cycle with the interval between the periodic channel quality indicator reports such that
the periodic channel quality indicator is transmitted within the first active period of the discontinuous reception cycle;

receiving the periodic channel quality indicator during the first active period of the discontinuous reception cycle, obtaining
an up-to-date channel quality indicator for the discontinuous reception cycle; and

scheduling the user terminals for downlink transmission by taking the received periodic channel quality indicator into account.

US Pat. No. 9,100,959

CARRIER SELECTION

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
determining a maximum allowed time duration;
determining a first minimum allowed time duration;
performing a process of obtaining information related to one or more selected carriers from one or more neighboring base stations,
selecting at least one cell-specific base carrier for data transmission on the basis of the obtained information, and informing
the one or more neighboring base stations of the selected cell-specific base carrier, wherein the duration of the process
is at least the period of the first minimum allowed time duration and is dynamically determined based on the number of the
one or more neighboring base stations; and

repeating the process, thus enabling reselection of the cell-specific base carrier, wherein the aggregate duration for the
consecutive processes is within the determined maximum allowed time duration.

US Pat. No. 9,198,046

ENHANCED METRICS EXCHANGE FOR A WIRELESS NETWORK

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
measuring a factor affecting the optimization of a wireless network, said factor being related to each of two or more coverage
cells;

assigning a weight related to the factor to each of said coverage cells, said coverage cells being ranked in accordance with
the assigned weights;

adjusting metrics to be reported to each of said coverage cells; and
reporting adjusted metrics to each of said coverage cells to enable each of said coverage cells to influence their respective
ABS (almost blank subframe) muting patterns in order to address the factor.

US Pat. No. 9,661,628

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR RECEIVING TIMING INFORMATION FROM A CELL OR NETWORK IN A LESS ACTIVE MODE

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
receiving, by a user equipment, timing information associated with a transmission of reference information from a network
node of a first cell when the first cell is in a less active mode, wherein the timing information is received from a network
node of a second cell, and wherein the first cell and the second cell cooperate in carrier aggregation; and

using said timing information to control when transmissions from said first cell are monitored for said reference information.

US Pat. No. 9,408,231

EXTENDED ACCESS BARRING MECHANISMS FOR MACHINE TYPE COMMUNICATIONS

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method, comprising:
defining first access class barring parameters, a first scaling factor for access class barring, and a second scaling factor
for access class barring, wherein the first scaling factor and the second scaling factor are used to derive second access
class barring parameters and third access class barring parameters; and

transmitting, by a base station, the first access class barring parameters, the first scaling factor and the second scaling
factor to user equipment.

US Pat. No. 9,219,591

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PROVIDING ACKNOWLEDGEMENT BUNDLING

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
dynamically scheduling one or more of subframes per bundling window by reusing an assignment index field, wherein the assignment
index field has a value greater than or equal to number of previously assigned subframes within the bundling window, the bundling
window defining a group of subframes for common acknowledgement;

setting the assignment index field according to m modulo x, wherein m and x are integers;
comparing a value of the assignment index field associated with a last received downlink grant modulo x with a total number
of downlink grants prior to the last received downlink grant modulo x; and

adding the value of the assignment index field associated with the last received downlink by x, if there are at least two
identical assignment index field values in the bundling window, x being an integer.

US Pat. No. 9,173,217

BASE STATION CALIBRATION

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method of calibrating a base station comprising a plurality of antennas, the method comprising:
receiving first correction information from a system module, the correction information determined from a first calibration
of the base station;

receiving at a radio frequency module signals received from at least one antenna of the base station; and
determining second correction information on the basis of the received signals and the first correction information, wherein
the received signals from the at least one antenna is a training sequence comprising signal distortions.

US Pat. No. 9,392,455

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR HANDLING CLOSED SUBSCRIBER GROUPS IN RELAY-ENHANCED SYSTEM

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising
retrieving setting information relating to closed subscriber groups of a donor base station and a relay node of a relay-enhanced
cellular system,

acquiring a whitelist defining one or more closed subscriber groups in which a terminal is a member, said terminal requesting
access to the relay-enhanced cellular system via the relay node, and

verifying a membership of the terminal for both closed subscriber groups of the donor base station and the relay node based
on the retrieved setting information and the acquired whitelist.

US Pat. No. 9,219,562

SYSTEM AND METHOD TO DYNAMICALLY REDISTRIBUTE TIMING AND SYNCHRONIZATION IN A PACKET SWITCHED NETWORK

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. A method, comprising:
creating, by a slave node, a peer list comprising an identifier of at least one peer slave node that shares a same master
node as the slave node or that has a certain predefined affinity with the slave node;

announcing a holdover time of the slave node to the at least one peer slave node; and
when a predefined event occurs, announcing to the at least one peer slave node that the slave node is taking on a mini-master
role for at least the announced holdover time.

US Pat. No. 9,160,778

SIGNALING ENABLING STATUS FEEDBACK AND SELECTION BY A NETWORK ENTITY OF PORTIONS OF VIDEO INFORMATION TO BE DELIVERED VIA WIRELESS TRANSMISSION TO A UE

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method, comprising:
exchanging signaling between
a first entity providing access by a third entity user equipment to a video stream and
a second entity, through which the video stream passes prior to being delivered via wireless transmission to the third entity
user equipment, receiving video information corresponding to the video stream,

wherein the exchanged signaling is associated with the video information received at the second entity and comprises receiving
at the first entity from the second entity one or more indications of how much of the video information was

delivered by the second entity to the third entity user equipment, and
purged from memory in the second entity, wherein purging occurs due to a memory limitation encountered by the first entity
or a loss of the video stream;

sending other video information from the first entity to the second entity; and
responsive to the exchanged signaling, sending information from the first entity to the second entity to modify status at
the second entity of at least a portion of the video information previously received at the second entity, wherein the information
comprises one or more requests to either

replace video information delivered to the second entity, but not yet delivered to the third entity user equipment with the
other video information which is not the same as or comprises different video information than originally delivered,

replace video information purged by the second entity prior to being delivered to the third entity with the other video information,
or

both replace delivered video information and replace purged video information.

US Pat. No. 9,154,987

RELAY-TO-RELAY INTERFERENCE COORDINATION IN A WIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORK

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
receiving neighbor cell measurement results at a first relay node, the neighbor cell measurement results originating from
at least one mobile device located in a communications coverage area of the first relay node and served by the first relay
node;

estimating from the received neighbor cell measurement results an amount of interference experienced by the first relay node
due to operation of a second relay node; and

sending an interference report, comprising an indication of the estimated amount of interference, from the first relay node
to a network access node serving the second relay node or to the second relay node.

US Pat. No. 9,497,701

METHOD, APPARATUS AND COMPUTER PROGRAM

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
detecting whether a transmitter of an apparatus has information to transmit, wherein detection whether the transmitter of
the apparatus has information to transmit comprises detecting whether a level of transmission signals exceeds a specified
threshold;

in response to detection that the data in the level of transmissions has changed between exceeding and not exceeding the specified
threshold, determining to change a power state of a power amplifier of said apparatus between a high power and a low power
state, wherein detection of the change between exceeding and not exceeding the specified threshold and determining to change
the power state are performed in a time less than or equal to the time taken to perform processing of data for transmission;

in response to a determination to change the power state of the power amplifier, causing the power amplifier to change the
power state; and

wherein said detection is carried out within a radio portion of said apparatus.

US Pat. No. 9,167,372

MANAGING A NETWORK ELEMENT

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method for managing a network element that is an element of a Radio Access Network (RAN), the method comprising:
receiving, via a first interface, a request for sending an IP address to the network element and receiving field data that
is acquired from the network element;

setting up a link with the network element via the first interface;
downloading software to the network element via the first interface;
receiving, via the first interface, field data as a result of a self-test performed by the network element and assessing the
received results, the field data comprising changes of at least one radio configuration parameter;

comparing network status data stored in a managing apparatus and the field data and determining a difference between the network
status data and field data;

generating configuration data, such that the generated configuration data are adapted to align the network status data and
the field data;

determining a corresponding network element affected by the generated configuration data; and
distributing the configuration data via the first interface to the affected corresponding network element,
wherein the generated configuration data, which is distributed via the first interface, comprises at least one self-configuration
parameter selected from the group of self-configuration parameters consisting of an IP address of the network element, information
about the IP environment of the network element, a frequency, a code, a physical cell identifier, a global cell identifier,
an adjacency, a radio configuration parameter for the network element, a mapping parameter from a physical cell identifier
to a global cell identifier, a mapping parameter of a global cell identifier to an IP address, and a blacklist.

US Pat. No. 9,402,212

METHOD FOR SRVCC SOLUTION

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. A method comprising:
receiving a single radio voice call continuity request in a multi-session scenario for handover from packet switched access
of a source radio access network to circuit switched access of a target radio access network;

sending a query to determine whether last active session is a voice only or a video session;
receiving a response to said query indicating whether said last active session is a voice only or a video session;
reserving a call bearer from said target radio access network; and
reserving a voice call bearer from said target radio access network in case said last active session is a voice only session.

US Pat. No. 9,538,504

METHOD, APPARATUS AND COMPUTER PROGRAM TO MAP A CYCLIC SHIFT TO A CHANNEL INDEX

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

4. A computer program product embodied on a non-transitory computer-readable medium storing a program of computer readable
instructions that, when executed by a computer, is configured to provide instructions to control or carry out:
receiving an uplink resource allocation and an indication in the granted uplink resource allocation of a cyclic shift;
sending data on the granted uplink resource;
mapping the granted uplink resource to a downlink resource in dependence on the indicated cyclic shift, such that user equipment-specific
cyclic shifts mapped to adjacent downlink resources are non-adjacent cyclic shifts relative to one another; and

receiving on the mapped downlink resource an indication about the sent data; and
wherein the cyclic shift is for a demodulation reference signal and the indication of the cyclic shift is a dynamic cyclic
shift indicator of three bits that indicates a user-specific cyclic shift.

US Pat. No. 9,344,254

TWO OUTER LOOP LINK ADAPTATIONS FOR LEGACY USER EQUIPMENT

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
by a base station operating in a communication channel in a cellular network comprising the base station and a further base
station adapted to use a further communication channel, wherein the communication channel is divided into subframes, wherein
a first part of the subframes of the communication channel is associated in time with a first part of the subframes of the
further communication channel, which is unscheduled by the further base station due to a predefined muting pattern, and wherein
a second part of the subframes of the communication channel is associated in time with a second part of the subframes of the
further communication channel, which is scheduled by the further base station, determining first quality information indicative
of the quality of the first part of the subframes of the communication channel and second quality information indicative of
the quality of the second part of the subframes of the communication channel;

receiving, by the base station, feedback information from the user equipment being indicative for the quality of the communication
channel;

determining a first compensation value based on the first quality information and the feedback information, wherein the first
compensation value is adapted for compensating a difference between the first quality information and the feedback information,
and a second compensation value based on the second quality information and the feedback information, wherein the second compensation
value is adapted for compensating a difference between the second quality information and the feedback information,

adjusting the feedback information based at least in part on the determined first compensation value and the determined second
compensation value, and

configuring the communication channel based on the adjusted feedback information.

US Pat. No. 9,119,135

ACCESSIBILITY OF PRIVATE BASE STATION

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method, comprising:
receiving, in a user terminal, at least one signal from a public base station and at least one signal from a private base
station, each of the signals carrying information pertaining to propagation delay depending on a location of the user terminal;

processing, in the user terminal, the at least one signal from the public base station and the at least one signal from the
private base station for providing data as a system frame number measurement related to the location while the user terminal
is in a cell of a private base station; and

saving, in the user terminal, the data related to the location as a reference data of an accessible private base station;
wherein the system frame number measurement determines an observed time difference using chip-level timing that depends on
a timing of sequences of descrambling pseudo-noise used for each of the signals; and

wherein the observed time difference using chip-level timing that depends on a timing of sequences of descrambling pseudo-noise
used for each of the signals is compared to a known location of the public base station to check whether the private base
station resides in a cell of the public base station.

US Pat. No. 9,276,768

PROVIDING STATION CONTEXT AND MOBILITY IN A WIRELESS LOCAL AREA NETWORK HAVING A SPLIT MAC ARCHITECTURE

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
receiving, by a wireless access node, a first frame from a station through a first communication network, wherein the first
frame comprises a source address that identifies the station;

deriving a destination address using the source address, wherein the destination address that identifies an access controller
controlling the wireless access node, and the wireless access node is coupled to the access controller through a second communication
network;

encapsulating the first frame in a second frame comprising the destination address identifying the access controller and a
source address identifying the wireless access node; and

sending the second frame to the access controller having the destination address through the second communication network.

US Pat. No. 9,538,550

COOPERATIVE UPLINK RECEPTION SUITABLE FOR NON-IDEAL BACKHAUL

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method, comprising:
determining at a first cell that one or more user equipment in the first cell should have at least one hybrid automatic repeat
request cycle skipped based at least on a load in the first cell, where the load in the first cell is determined using at
least a backhaul latency and a number of user equipment per the first cell, where each of the one or more user equipment is
to take part in an uplink coordinated multipoint transmission, and where skipping of the at least one hybrid automatic repeat
request cycle is to be performed to enable the first cell to receive information from one or more second cells over one or
more backhaul links for the hybrid automatic repeat request transmissions;

scheduling and participating in a first hybrid automatic repeat request cycle for the one or more user equipment in order
to receive a transmission at the first cell from the one or more user equipment; and

skipping, for hybrid automatic repeat request cycles subsequent to the first hybrid automatic repeat request cycle, the at
least one hybrid automatic repeat request cycle for the one or more user equipment by sending, prior to decoding information
from the uplink coordinated multipoint transmissions, an acknowledgement to the one or more user equipment and not scheduling
the one or more user equipment for a physical downlink control channel grant for the at least one hybrid automatic repeat
request cycle,

wherein the skipping depends on at least one of: a backhaul latency, a load in the first cell, a type of the user equipment,
and a request to the one or more second cells.

US Pat. No. 9,295,040

PACKET SCHEDULING IN COMMUNICATIONS

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method for scheduling packet data in a communications system, the method comprising:
configuring, in a network apparatus, semi-persistent transmission resources to a user equipment via higher layer signalling,
wherein the configuring includes pre-allocating a data transmission resource and assigning a scheduling request resource to
the user equipment; and

transmitting, from the network apparatus a confirmation message to the user equipment, the confirmation message informing
the user equipment that the user equipment is able to start transmitting data on a physical uplink shared channel (PUSCH)
to the network apparatus by using the pre-allocated data transmission resource and a pre-configured transmission format, wherein
the pre-allocated data transmission resource is linked to the corresponding confirmation message, the corresponding confirmation
message being linked to the corresponding semi-persistently assigned scheduling request resource.

US Pat. No. 9,473,956

ANTENNA TILT OPTIMIZATION IN A WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS NETWORK

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method for adjusting an antenna of a base station in a cellular telecommunications network, the method comprising:
collecting at least one of an activity metric, a transmit power, and an interference value for each of a plurality of target
cells neighboring a source cell;

calculating respective first scores for each cell of a portion of the plurality of target cells based on the collected information;
calculating a tilt score based on the first scores;
comparing the tilt score to a predetermined value, and when the tilt score exceeds the predetermined value, adjusting at least
one of a tilt angle and a transmission power of an antenna of the source cell based on the tilt score.

US Pat. No. 9,270,435

SOUNDING REFERENCE SIGNAL (SRS) USAGE

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. A method, comprising:
incorporating into an uplink grant message for a physical uplink shared channel (PUSCH), by a base station in a communications
system, information on whether a last symbol of an uplink subframe that is reserved by the base station in every nth subframe for sounding reference signal (SRS) transmissions, is available for the PUSCH; and

transmitting the uplink grant message comprising the information on the last symbol to a user equipment (UE), wherein the
user equipment is configured to ignore cell-specific SRS subframe configuration when determining whether the last symbol of
the uplink subframe is available for transmission of the PUSCH.

US Pat. No. 9,473,957

ANTENNA TILT OPTIMIZATION IN A WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS NETWORK

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method for optimizing an antenna of a source cell in a wireless communications network, the method comprising:
evaluating relationships between a source cell and a plurality of target cells by:
projecting a beamwidth geometry for the source cell;
projecting a beamwidth geometry for each target cell of the plurality of target cells;
determining whether the projected beamwidth geometry of each target cell envelops the source cell; and
determining whether the beamwidth geometry of the source cell envelops respective target cells,
determining an optimization value based on the evaluated relationships; and
adjusting an antenna parameter of the source cell based on the optimization value, the antenna parameter being selected from
a tilt angle and a transmit power; and

when the projected beamwidth geometry of the source cell envelops the target cell and the projected beamwidth geometry of
the target cell does not envelop the source cell, calculating a first value corresponding to an overshooting condition of
the antenna,

wherein the first value is used in determining the optimization value.

US Pat. No. 9,185,637

UPDATING OF NETWORK SELECTION INFORMATION

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. A method comprising:
obtaining by a server, a first set of policy signatures from a mobile communication device, wherein each signature is generated
identically and individually from a policy of the mobile communication device, without knowledge of a previous provisioning
of policies, and wherein a same signature is generated from same input data via cryptographic hash functions so that one similar
policy results in the same identical and individual signature;

comparing the first set of policy signatures with a second set of policy signatures of a server, wherein each signature of
the second set of policy signatures is generated from a policy of the server that has been deemed to be a correct policy for
the mobile communication device;

identifying a third set of policy signatures comprising any policy signature included in the first set of policy signatures
that is not included in the second set of policy signatures;

identifying a fourth set of policy signatures comprising any signature included in the second set of policy signatures that
is not included in the first set of policy signatures;

instructing the mobile communication device to delete policies corresponding to the third set of policy signatures; and
instructing the mobile communication device to add policies corresponding to the fourth set of policy signatures.

US Pat. No. 9,065,533

OPTIMIZED SIGNALING IN RELAY-ENHANCED ACCESS NETWORKS

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising
receiving at least one signaling message concerning at least one relay node of a relay-enhanced access network over at least
one predetermined signaling interface,

concentrating signaling at least by gathering relevant and/or non-redundant signaling information from the at least one signaling
message and filtering out irrelevant or redundant signaling information from the at least one signaling message, wherein the
concentrated signaling concerns a respective relay node, and

sending the concentrated signaling in a signaling message over the at least one predetermined signaling interface towards
the respective relay node.

US Pat. No. 9,167,450

EXCLUDING ROAMING USERS FROM AREA BASED MDT DATA TRANSMISSION

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. A base station apparatus, comprising
a base station processor adapted to provide a base station functionality of a mobile network;
a selecting processor adapted to select a user equipment, which is operably connected to the base station processor, from
among a plurality of user equipments in order for the selected user equipment to report a result of a predefined measurement
to the apparatus,

wherein the selecting processor is adapted to select the user equipment only if a roaming information of the user equipment
received from a mobility management entity by which mobility of the user equipment is controlled indicates that a user of
the user equipment is subscribed to the mobile network and in the event that the roaming information indicates that a user
of the user equipment is not subscribed to the mobile network, the user equipment is excluded from being selected by the selecting
processor to report a result of a predefined measurement to the apparatus.

US Pat. No. 9,532,356

COMPONENT CARRIER CONFIGURATION

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
determining how timings of at least one of receiving and sending data for at least two aggregated component carriers of a
time division duplex system in at least one sub frame time period are related, wherein the determining comprises comparing
a time division duplex configuration of the at least two aggregated component carriers; and

setting the timings of at least one of receiving and sending data for the at least two aggregated component carriers based
on the determining.

US Pat. No. 9,282,563

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR RESOURCE ALLOCATION

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
utilizing a structure with more than one branch in the resource allocation of physical resource blocks,
each branch comprising one or more starting positions for resource allocation,
each starting position being associated with a cluster of physical resource blocks, the number of starting positions being
different on each branch, the size of the resource clusters of each branch being different,

denoting each resource cluster with a predefined index,
applying one or more clusters allocated to user equipment for uplink transmission, wherein the structure is arranged such
that clusters to be allocated are not overlapping with the allocated one or more clusters,

applying a cluster with an index m to user equipment,
applying a second cluster with an index n-m, where n is the total number of clusters within a branch, and
denoting each available cluster with a predefined index before allocating further clusters to the user equipment.

US Pat. No. 9,369,849

THREE-DIMENSIONAL BEAMFORMING IN A MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS NETWORK

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
detecting radio conditions of a user equipment in a sector of a mobile communications network; and
allocating the user equipment to a group of several groups of user equipment based on the radio conditions of the user equipment,
the several groups comprising a first group of user equipment applying user equipment-specific horizontal beamforming and
sector-specific vertical beamforming, a second group of user equipment applying user equipment-specific vertical beamforming
and sector-specific horizontal beamforming, and a third group of user equipment applying user equipment-specific vertical
beamforming and user equipment-specific horizontal beamforming.

US Pat. No. 9,277,450

DETECTING A LEVEL OF USE IN A COMMUNICATIONS NETWORK

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method, comprising:
detecting a level of use of a first radio resource in a communications network;
setting a flag in a system information if a second radio resource can be used instead of the first radio resource;
updating said system information to the network; and
requesting that access to the first radio resource by a user equipment be restricted if the flag in the updated system information
is set, wherein restricting access comprises drawing a random number at the user equipment such that the user equipment must
use a second radio resource if the random number is below a predetermined threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,220,129

COMMUNICATION METHOD AND SYSTEM

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method for enabling each one of a plurality of base stations to communicate with each of the rest of the plurality of
base stations while operating on a non-contention basis, the method comprising:
a) dividing the plurality of base stations into a first group and a second group;
b) placing the first group of the plurality of base stations into a transmitting state and the second group of the plurality
of base stations into a listening state for a first time interval;

c) switching the first group of the plurality of base stations into the listening state and the second group of the plurality
of base stations into the transmitting state for a second time interval;

d) dividing the first group of the plurality of base stations into a first subgroup and a second subgroup, and the second
group of the plurality of base stations into a third subgroup and a fourth subgroup;

e) placing the first and third subgroups into the transmitting state and the second and fourth subgroups into the listening
state for a third time interval;

f) switching the first and third subgroups into the listening state and the second and fourth subgroups into the transmitting
state for a fourth time interval;

g) repeating the preceding steps d), e), and f) by further subdividing the subgroups, by placing the sub-subgroups obtained
into transmitting and listening states, and by switching transmitting and listening states, for as many additional time intervals
as are needed for each sub-subgroup to include only one base station.

US Pat. No. 9,173,193

SUPPORT FOR BROADCAST CONTROL HEADER FOR WIRELESS NETWORKS

Nokia Solutions And Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
transmitting, via a wireless network, at least a first subframe of a first superframe including a broadcast control header
(BCH), the first superframe including a plurality of subframes, the BCH including a system configuration information that
describes: 1) the system configuration of all subframes of the first superframe except the first subframe of the first superframe,
wherein the BCH includes system configuration information that includes a downlink (DL)/uplink (UL) ratio for subframes within
the first superframe.

US Pat. No. 9,130,648

METHOD OF AND RADIO NETWORK FOR TRANSMITTING LAYERED DATA TO MULTIPLE RECEIVING STATIONS

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. A method of transmitting data in a radio network with at least one base station, at least one relay station and at least
first and second receiving stations, in which the data is organized in at least a first and a second layer, comprising:
routing at least the first layer via a first path from the at least one base station via the at least one relay station to
the first receiving station;

routing at least the second layer via a second path from the base station directly to the second receiving station;
wherein the data being organized in at least a first and a second layer comprises apportioning bits of a constellation to
the first path and the second path, wherein a number of bits of the constellation apportioned to the second path is based
on a channel quality indicator (CQI) report and a remaining number of bits of the constellation are apportioned to the first
path.

US Pat. No. 9,526,110

TECHNIQUES FOR MULTI-RAT (RADIO ACCESS TECHNOLOGY) COORDINATED RESOURCE SHARING

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method of coordinating usage of wireless resources comprising:
receiving a resource request by a first base station (BS) of a first Radio Access Technology (RAT) from one or more user devices;
receiving at least one resource scheduling announcement from one or more other BSs, each resource scheduling announcement
identifying resources scheduled by the one or more other BSs;

selecting resources, from a group of resources shared by BSs of a plurality of different RATs, to be scheduled for the one
or more requesting user devices by taking into account the resources scheduled by the one or more other BSs;

scheduling, by the first BS, the selected resources for the one or more user devices;
sending, from the first BS, a resource scheduling announcement identifying the scheduled resources to the one or more other
BSs including at least a second BS of a second RAT; and

sending a resource grant message to each of the one or more user devices.

US Pat. No. 9,326,293

SELECTION OF A SECONDARY COMPONENT CARRIER BASED ON INTERFERENCE INFORMATION

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
selecting a candidate component carrier for a cell; and
determining that said candidate component carrier is to be used in said cell in dependence on spatial information and information
indicating activity in at least one of said cell and another cell using said candidate component carrier, wherein said activity
comprises an average resource utilization due to temporal traffic variability.

US Pat. No. 9,236,920

USAGE OF MULTIFLOW AND MULTIPLE INPUT MULTIPLE OUTPUT IN CELLULAR COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
deciding for each base station n of K base stations of a cellular communications network a maximum number Mn of wanted data streams per carrier that is to be scheduled to a terminal accessing the cellular communications network, the
terminal having NR receive antennas and K being an integer equal to or greater than two, and n going from 1 to K; and

signaling information regarding the decision to at least one of the K base stations,wherein, when K is equal to two, the maximum number M1 of data streams per carrier that is to be scheduled by base station 1 is decided as:
M1=max(NR-N2, floor(NR/2)), wherein N2 is the number of transmitting antennas of base station 2, and
the maximum number M2 of data streams per carrier that is to be scheduled by base station 2 is decided as:
M2=max(NR-N1, floor(NR/2)), wherein N1 is the number of transmitting antennas of base station 1.

US Pat. No. 9,363,739

OPTIMIZATION ON NETWORK ASSISTED PROXIMITY SERVICES DISCOVERY MANAGEMENT

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. A method, comprising:
establishing, by a network element, a discovery context for a first user equipment for a discovery of at least one second
user equipment that a user of the first user equipment is interested in discovering;

allocating a beacon channel to the at least one second user equipment; and
transmitting to the first user equipment a request to establish a discovery context, the request comprising information on
the allocated beacon channel.

US Pat. No. 9,294,966

METHOD, APPARATUS AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT FOR PRIORITY BASED CELL RESELECTION IN A MULTI-RAT ENVIRONMENT

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
at a network node operating in a multi radio access technology environment, receiving an indication of a plurality of candidate
cells with respect to cell reselection in a mobile terminal, wherein the indication identifies at least one candidate cell
that does not support priority based cell reselection;

assigning a priority to each cell of the plurality of candidate cells; and
providing said priorities to said mobile terminal.

US Pat. No. 9,603,167

FEEDBACK MESSAGING

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
determining a need to trigger aperiodic feedback messaging on a physical uplink control channel from a communication device
configured for periodic feedback messaging;

including in a scheduling information entity an indication to provide aperiodic feedback messaging on the physical uplink
control channel;

sending the scheduling information entity with the indication to the communication device to trigger the aperiodic feedback
messaging by the communication device on the physical uplink control channel;

dynamically controlling content of the aperiodic feedback messaging with the sent indication, wherein the controlling causes
the communication device to send feedback information content in the aperiodic feedback messaging different from that reserved
for use in a preconfigured manner in the periodic feedback messaging,

whereby the need for a separate uplink grant message on a physical downlink control channel to trigger the aperiodic feedback
messaging on the physical uplink control channel is avoided.

US Pat. No. 9,167,539

METHOD FOR ADAPTING A DOWNLINK TRANSMIT POWER OF A FIRST BASE STATION ADAPTED FOR SERVING A CLOSED SUBSCRIBER GROUP IN THE PRESENCE OF SECOND BASE STATION

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method, comprising:
scanning a neighborhood of a first base station, by the first base station, for a second base station adapted for serving
an open subscriber group, wherein the first base station and the second base station use a same carrier frequency, wherein
scanning a neighborhood of the first base station comprises measuring a power received from the second base station, and wherein
the scanning is carried out during idle periods of the first base station, and comprises a plurality of individual scanning
procedures for the second base station;

detecting whether the second base station is present within the neighborhood of the first base station; and
adapting a downlink transmit power of the first base station depending on a presence of the second base station, wherein if
at least one of the received power of the second base station is below a threshold value and no second base station is present
within the neighborhood of the first base station then the downlink transmit power of the first base station is set to a predefined
minimum value.

US Pat. No. 9,445,425

METHOD OF TRANSMISSION IN A COMMUNICATIONS NETWORK

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
providing an anchor carrier associated only with a first radio access technology for providing continuous transmission via
the first radio access technology and another carrier shared between the first radio access technology and a second radio
access technology;

muting transmission via the second radio access technology in the shared carrier during at least one subframe of each data
frame transmitted using the second radio access technology; and

transmitting data using the first radio access technology based on code division multiplexing in the shared carrier only during
the at least one subframe in which transmission using the second radio access technology is muted,

wherein data transmitted using the code division multiplexed transmission to a user associated with the first radio technology
is split into a first part having an additional time-multiplex structure and a second part having continuous transmission
such that the first part contains only packet user data channels and packet user data associated signalling channels and is
transmitted on the shared carrier and the second part contains all dedicated channels associated with the packet user data
channels, radio access related channels, broadcast and synchronization channels and is transmitted only on the anchor carrier.

US Pat. No. 9,408,097

INTERFERENCE MEASUREMENT RESOURCE (IMR) SIGNALING AND USE TO SUPPORT INTERFERENCE COORDINATION BETWEEN CELLS

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
receiving, at a user equipment from a network element, one or more indications of a configuration of first interference measurement
resources in one or more first subframes to be used by the user equipment to measure interference for zero or low power resource
elements, and of a configuration of second interference measurement resources in one or more second subframes to be used by
the user equipment to measure interference for full power resource elements, wherein the one or more indications comprise
an indication that periodicity resource elements are to be repeated, an indication of subframe offset over multiple subframes,
and one or more indications of resource element locations within a subframe;

measuring one or more zero or low power resource elements that coincide with the resource elements belonging to the first
interference measurement resources in the one or more first subframes, even though one or more of the one or more first subframes
are not configured as almost blank subframes;

measuring one or more full resource elements that coincide with the resource elements belonging to the second interference
measurement resources in the one or more second subframes, even though one or more of the one or more second subframes are
configured as almost blank subframes; and

reporting, to the network element, channel conditions at the user equipment based on the measured one or more zero or low
power resource elements and the measured one or more full power resource elements.

US Pat. No. 9,277,382

EMERGENCY SERVICE IN COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
establishing a request for a session on behalf of a user by an application server, wherein the application server is configured
to implement a click-to-dial service;

determining by an emergency related local service function that the session comprises an emergency session, wherein the emergency
related local service function is co-located at the application server;

transmitting the request for the session to an emergency call state control function of the internet protocol multimedia subsystem
based on the determining; and

transmitting, by the click-to-dial service, a request to establish a call leg towards the user,
wherein the method is for handling an emergency service in an internet protocol multimedia subsystem network.

US Pat. No. 9,258,368

METHODS, APPARATUSES, AND RELATED COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT FOR NETWORK ELEMENT RECOVERY

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. A method, comprising:
establishing a control session by transmitting and receiving control session-related messages;
transmitting restart information, by a policy-and-charging-rules-function network element, indicating a restart of the policy-and-charging-rules-function
network element, wherein the restart information is transmitted by the policy-and-charging-rules-function network element
to a policy-and-charging-enforcement-function network element or an application-function network element;

when there is a reason for at least one protocol-related message of a first control session to be sent, the reason comprising
a request for an IP connectivity access network session modification or a request for a user plane event, receiving, by the
policy-and-charging-rules-function network element, the at least one protocol-related message of the first control session
including session-related detail information;

transmitting a restoration request message based on the session-related detail information;
receiving at least one session parameter necessary for restoring the at least one first control session; and
restoring the at least one first control session based on the received session-related detail information and the at least
one session parameter.

US Pat. No. 9,161,241

REFERENCE SIGNAL DESIGN AND SIGNALING FOR PER-USER ELEVATION MIMO

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
receiving an indication of which reference signals in a plurality of reference signals sound in the elevation dimension and
which reference signals in the plurality of reference signals sound in the azimuthal dimension;

receiving the plurality of reference signals from a transmit antenna array;
separating the plurality of reference signals into a first portion and a second portion based at least in part on the indication;
calculating elevation feedback and azimuth feedback based on the first and second portions; and
sending the elevation feedback and the azimuthal feedback to the access point.

US Pat. No. 9,264,411

METHODS, APPARATUSES AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT FOR USER EQUIPMENT AUTHORIZATION BASED ON MATCHING NETWORK ACCESS TECHNOLOGY SPECIFIC IDENTIFICATION INFORMATION

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method, comprising:
an apparatus storing a relation of network access technology-specific identification information identifying at least one
of a user equipment and a user and network identity-related information of the at least one of the user equipment and the
user;

the apparatus receiving an inquiry comprising network identity-related inquiry information;
the apparatus resolving the received network identity-related inquiry information to network access technology-specific identification
information based on the provided relation; and

the apparatus sending a response comprising the network access technology-specific identification information according to
a result of the resolved network identity-related inquiry information to a first network element to enable the first network
element to provide the network access technology-specific identification information to a second network element in order
for the second network element to determine whether the at least one of the user equipment and the user is authorized for
access depending on whether the network access technology-specific identification information sent by the first network element
matches network access technology-specific identification information obtained by the second network element.

US Pat. No. 9,241,256

TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION OF POSITION- AND/OR NETWORK-RELATED INFORMATION FROM ACCESS NETWORKS

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. A method of distributing position- or network-related information from an access network to a core network, wherein a first
interface provided between said access network and a subscriber database is associated with a second interface provided between
said core network and said subscriber database in a manner so that, in response to at least one predetermined notification
which indicates a registration or change of position and which is signaled to said subscriber database via said first interface,
said position- or network-related information is selectively signaled via said second interface to a network element of said
core network in a server assignment answer or in a push profile request.

US Pat. No. 9,231,676

LOW EFFORT MASSIVE MIMO ANTENNA ARRAYS AND THEIR USE

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a plurality of first radio frequency chains configured to be able to be coupled to a plurality of first antennas from an antenna
array; and

a plurality of second radio frequency chains configured to be able to be coupled to a plurality of second antennas from the
antenna array, wherein the first and second antennas are different;

wherein the first and second radio frequency chains are configured to create radio frequency signals from baseband signals,
wherein the first radio frequency chains have a certain functionality, and wherein the second radio frequency chains have
a reduced functionality relative to the certain functionality of the first radio frequency chains.

US Pat. No. 9,294,038

POWER AMPLIFIER TRANSISTOR CHARACTERISTIC STABILIZATION DURING BIAS SWITCHING

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. A method, comprising:
determining that there is no transmission scheduled during a time period;
reducing a power amplifier bias during the inactive time period; and
restoring the power amplifier bias to nominal at the end of the inactive time period,
wherein the reducing the power amplifier bias comprises reducing the power amplifier bias to a threshold of a transistor of
the power amplifier.

US Pat. No. 9,247,436

INSIGHT BASED ORCHESTRATION OF NETWORK OPTIMIZATION IN COMMUNICATION NETWORKS

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method, comprising:
accessing network information corresponding to network elements in one or more wireless networks, each of the one or more
wireless networks having an ability to serve multiple user equipment;

accessing customer data corresponding to the multiple user equipment in the one or more wireless networks;
generating one or more optimization insights using the network information and the customer data, wherein generating one or
more optimization insights using the network information and the customer data further comprises generating a value of a cell
in the one or more wireless networks based on one or both of a number of high value customers in the cell or a value of service
to customers in the cell;

utilizing the one or more generated optimization insights as one or more inputs to one or more pre-defined business policy-based
workflows for a purpose of determining one or set of optimization functions;

orchestrating execution of one or more selected optimization functions and supplying the one or more optimization functions
with one or more of the generated optimization insights; and

triggering one or more actions, in response to the execution of the one or more selected optimization functions, causing an
intended result in a selected one of the one or more wireless networks,

wherein the triggering sends one or more messages to one or more self-organizing network servers in the one or more wireless
networks, and

wherein the one or more messages comprise a candidate list of cells with cell-customer experience determined to be high.

US Pat. No. 9,179,326

METHOD FOR PROVIDING THE IDENTITY OF AN APPARATUS IN A COMMUNICATIONS NETWORK AND APPARATUS THEREOF

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method for providing an identifier for a relay node in a communications network comprising the steps of:
checking by an access node data fields comprised in an X2 SETUP REQUEST message received from the relay node requesting an
establishment of an interface connection over a communication link, wherein the data fields are related to a Served Cells
list or to a Neighbour Information list and the relay node serves at least one cell;

generating an E-UTRAN Global Cell Identifier (ECGI), and
upon generating the identifier, the access node transmitting the identifier to the relay node over the interface connection.

US Pat. No. 9,155,049

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR POWER REDUCTION CONTROL IN HOME NETWORK ENVIRONMENT

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising
receiving, from a user equipment of a macro cell, an interference report including an indication of a presence of interference
and a severity level indicating a degree of the interference in the macro cell caused by a transmit power in a home network
area,

creating a unique identifier for the received interference report,
generating a power reduction command concerning the received interference report including the created unique identifier,
and

sending the generated power reduction command to a network element of the home network area;
wherein the unique identifier uniquely identifies at least one of the user equipment and a combination of the user equipment
and the macro cell.

US Pat. No. 9,357,584

DUAL IN-BAND/OUT-BAND RADIO ACCESS SYSTEM FIELD

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method, comprising:
providing an in-band cellular radio access technology and an out-band radio access technology for use by at least one user
equipment within the coverage area via at least one in-band cellular radio access link and at least one out-band radio access
link, respectively,

wherein the in-band cellular radio access link is via a first radio access technology,
wherein the out-band radio access link is via a second radio access technology,
wherein the first radio access technology is different from the second radio access technology, and
wherein the in-band cellular radio access technology and the out-band radio access technology operate on two different frequency
bands; and

transmitting user data related to the in-band cellular radio access technology via a first cellular radio backhaul link and
user data related to the out-band radio access technology via a second cellular radio backhaul link to at least one donor
cellular system.

US Pat. No. 9,307,556

SHARED ACCESS OF UPLINK CARRIER

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method, comprising:
configuring user equipment to support use of one or more carriers for authorized shared access,
wherein the configuring is performed to emphasize use of a first set of a plurality of carriers over use of a second set of
the plurality of carriers,

wherein the second set comprises the one or more carriers for authorized shared access,
wherein the first set of carriers comprise a certain uplink carrier and wherein configuring further comprises provisioning
the certain uplink carrier to support a plurality of downlink carriers, wherein the plurality of downlink carriers occupy
different spectrums, and wherein the certain uplink carrier occupies another, different spectrum, and

wherein the second set of carriers is a second set of uplink carriers and configuring further comprises configuring user equipment
not supporting carrier aggregation to attach to either a first of the plurality of downlink carriers or a second of the plurality
of downlink carriers, but configuring the user equipment to always attach to the certain uplink carrier only; and

communicating with the user equipment using the first and second sets of carriers.

US Pat. No. 9,294,995

ACTIVATE ES CELL FOR PARTICULAR UE(S)

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
detecting, at a first cell, that a selected user equipment requires high performance or has significant battery usage;
determining, at said first cell and for said selected user equipment, that a second cell would have a better performing radio
frequency interface connection with the selected user equipment than the selected user equipment has with the first cell,
wherein the first cell can provide radio frequency coverage for the second cell;

determining the selected user equipment is in or is expected to enter a coverage area of the second cell and determining the
selected user equipment or quality of the radio frequency coverage for the selected user application meets one or more criteria,
including determining one or more particular radio access bearer configurations are associated with the selected user application,
wherein the one or more radio access bearer configurations have one or more particular values of one or both of quality of
service class identifiers or quality of service, and based on the determination of the one or more particular radio access
bearer configurations;

responsive to a determination the selected user equipment or the quality of the radio frequency coverage for the selected
user application meet one or more criteria, determining the second cell would have the better performing radio frequency interface
connection with the selected user equipment than the selected user equipment has with the first cell; and

sending to the second cell one or more instructions that the second cell should not enter or be in an energy saving state
at least while the selected user equipment or a selected user application on the selected user equipment is connected to the
second cell, the sending being responsive to the determination that the second cell would have a better performing radio frequency
interface connection with the selected user equipment than the selected user equipment has with the first cell.

US Pat. No. 9,276,783

UPLINK TRANSMISSION MODE SWITCHING IN SINGLE USER MULTIPLE-INPUT COMMUNICATION

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
establishing a communication connection between a network element and a user terminal;
applying, over the communication connection, dynamic uplink transmission mode switching between a first uplink transmission
mode and a second uplink transmission mode, wherein the first uplink transmission mode comprises a precoded demodulation reference
signal in uplink transmission, and the second uplink transmission mode comprises a non-precoded demodulation reference signal
in uplink transmission;

acquiring control information indicating the first uplink transmission mode or the second uplink transmission mode to be applied
over the communication connection for a predetermined period, wherein the control information is determined by the network
element; and

switching between the first uplink transmission mode and the second uplink transmission mode dynamically over the communication
connection according to the control information.

US Pat. No. 9,288,694

PARTIAL FAILURE HANDLING OF BEARER MAPPING IN DUAL CONNECTIVITY

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. A method, comprising:
during a secondary evolved node B (SeNB) addition procedure, providing a target SeNB with an indication of SeNB change together
with information on bearers that were served by a source SeNB;

receiving, by a master evolved node B (MeNB), bearer mapping for failed bearers from the target SeNB; and
providing the source SeNB with the bearer mapping for the failed bearers.

US Pat. No. 9,306,797

FORKING INTERWORKING

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. A method comprising:
receiving a session initiation protocol invite request containing a session description protocol offer from a network not
supporting forking;

receiving, in different early dialogues, a plurality of provisional session initiation protocol responses containing session
description protocol answers;

storing information from the session description protocol answers together with information about session information protocol
dialogues respectively related to the session description protocol answers;

deriving a session description protocol offer from at least a codec in the information stored from the session description
protocol answers; and

sending the derived session description protocol offer to the network not supporting forking when a first session description
protocol answer and a subsequent session description protocol answer differ from each other with respect to a relevant codec.

US Pat. No. 9,231,773

HANDLING TIME INFORMATION IN COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. A method of handling time information in a communications system comprising:
receiving a request message requesting a communication service at a proxy call session control function entity in a core network,
the proxy call session control function entity being one of a plurality of proxy call session control function entities of
the communications system that serve respective visited networks, the visited networks having respective time differences
with respect to a core network time;

including in the request message at the proxy call session control function entity a time zone offset between a local time
and the core network time, the time zone offset being a time difference with respect to the core network time, expressed in
plus or minus units of time, or zero, between the local time and the core network time; and

providing the request message requesting the communication service including the time zone offset to a different network element
in the core network to enable a time stamp to be generated in the core network adjusted to correspond to the local time.

US Pat. No. 9,204,308

RADIO SYSTEM CONFIGURATION

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a transceiver for providing a radio cell for radio communication with user equipment, wherein the radio cell communicates
with the user equipment in a coverage area that is overlapped by a macro coverage area of an existing macro network,

one or more processors; and
one or more memories including computer program code,
the one or more memories and the computer program code configured, with the one or more processors, to cause the apparatus
to perform at least the following:

configure the transceiver to use a plurality of frequency subbands of a bandwidth of a carrier frequency allocated for use
by the radio cell for radio communication with the user equipment in the macro coverage area, wherein at least one of the
subbands of the plurality of frequency subbands allocated for use by the radio cell is a primary subband used for transmission
of control channel information and at least one other subbands of said plurality of frequency subbands are secondary subbands
allocated for use by the radio cell for transmission of user data, and wherein the primary and secondary subbands are allocated
to avoid interference with other devices communicating in the macro coverage area on the carrier frequency allocated for use
for radio communication with the user equipment, and wherein the primary subband and the secondary subbands are different
than frequency subbands in use by the existing macro network;

wherein the transceiver is configured to transmit a primary broadcast channel in a single frequency network mode with a primary
broadcast channel of the overlay radio network;

wherein the radio cell of the radio network is configured to transmit on a broadcast channel information on the subband allocation
to radio network elements of the another radio network; and

wherein the radio cell of the radio network is configured to transmit as information on sub band allocation a mapping of cell
identities and subbands.

US Pat. No. 9,420,582

CONFIGURATION OF RANDOM ACCESS PREAMBLE

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method, comprising:
selecting at least one extended preamble from cyclically shifted sequences of a Zadoff-Chu root sequence, wherein the selected
at least one extended preamble is to be used in an uplink random access request and each selected extended preamble is the
result of a selected cyclic shift which corresponds to cyclic shift -specific timing uncertainty windows, each having a predefined
length, wherein:

the cyclic shift -specific timing uncertainty windows of each extended preamble comprise at least a first window including
at least the selected cyclic shift, a second and a third window corresponding to frequency cyclic shifts of +1 or ?1 of the
first window, respectively, and a fourth and a fifth window corresponding to frequency cyclic shifts of +2 or ?2 of the first
window, respectively; and

any of the cyclic shift -specific timing uncertainty windows of the selected extended preamble do not overlap with one other
or with any timing uncertainty window of any other preamble using the same Zadoff-Chu root sequence, wherein cell-specific
preamble sequences available for use in the uplink random access comprises two separate sets: a first set comprising only
at least one non-extended preamble, wherein, in the selection of the at least one non-extended preamble, at least the fourth
window and the fifth window are not comprised in the timing uncertainty windows, and a second set comprising only the at least
one extended preamble; the method further comprising performing at least one of the following:

applying different Zadoff-Chu root sequences for the second set and for the non-extended preambles of the first set which
are reserved for a contention based random access in order to allow transmitting the random access request carrying a preamble
sequence selected from the first set in a same resource unit as the random access request carrying a preamble sequence selected
from the second set, and

transmitting the random access request carrying a preamble sequence selected from the first set in a different resource unit
than the random access request carrying a preamble sequence selected from the second set, wherein the resource unit comprises
telecommunication transmission resources and wherein the random access request is transmitted using the telecommunication
transmission resources.

US Pat. No. 9,294,924

MONITORING SUSPICIOUS EVENTS IN A CELLULAR NETWORK

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. A method in a cellular network, comprising:
receiving a monitoring request regarding a user equipment;
performing a monitoring activity regarding the user equipment with respect to at least one suspicious event; and
responding to the monitoring request indicating whether monitoring will be performed for the user equipment,
wherein the monitoring activity comprises selecting a serving node for monitoring services and registering the user equipment
for monitoring service with the serving node, the method further comprising

receiving a registration status response in response to the registering; and
forwarding the registration status toward a source of the monitoring request while responding to the monitoring request,
wherein the suspicious event comprises at least one event of the following: a tracking update, accessing a network, location
update, or exceeding a data usage limit.

US Pat. No. 9,554,401

METHOD AND APPARATUSES FOR MULTIMEDIA PRIORITY SERVICE

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
at least one processor; and
at least one memory including computer program code,
the at least one memory and the computer program code are configured, with the at least one processor, to cause the apparatus
at least to:

transmit a request to control a multimedia priority service for a user, wherein the request to control comprises a request
to activate or inactivate the multimedia priority service for the user,

wherein the transmitting comprises transmitting the request in an activation or deactivation message,
wherein at least one subscription-related multimedia priority service parameter is pre-configured in a subscription profile
repository,

wherein the transmitting comprises checking if the user is authorized for the multimedia priority service, and
wherein the request comprises a request to activate or inactivate the multimedia priority service at the subscription profile
repository.

US Pat. No. 9,271,215

PICO CELL-SELECTION/HANDOVER FOR TDM EICIC HETEROGENOUS NETWORKS

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. Apparatus, comprising:
at least one processor; and
at least one memory including computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code configured, with
the at least one processor, to cause the apparatus to perfoim at least the following:

check if a first received cell range extension received from a first cell is larger than 0;
check if a second received cell range extension received from a second cell is larger than 0, wherein the second cell is different
from the first cell;

set, if both the first received cell range extension and the second received cell range extension are larger than 0, a first
modified cell range extension based on the first received cell range extension and a second modified cell range extension
based on the second received cell range extension, wherein for at least one combination of values of the first and second
received cell range extensions at least one of the first and second modified cell range extensions is different from the respective
received cell range extension, and

set, if at least one of the first received cell range extension and the second received cell range extension is equal to 0,
the first modified cell range extension equal to the first received modified cell range extension and the second modified
cell range extension equal to the second received cell range extension;

select one of the first cell and the second cell for cell selection and/or handover based on a comparison of a sum of a first
signal strength indicator from the first cell and the first modified cell range extension and a sum of a second signal strength
indicator from the second cell and the second modified cell range extension.

US Pat. No. 9,357,523

PAGING OPTIMIZATION IN SMALL CELL NETWORKS USING GATEWAYS

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method, comprising:
receiving from a core network entity a paging message for a specific user equipment, the paging message comprising a permanent
user identity of a user corresponding to the specific user equipment;

determining, using the permanent user identity, a set of small cells to which the paging message should be sent based on a
small cell last visited by the specific user equipment and small cells that are neighbors to the last-visited small cell;
and

sending the paging message, without the permanent user identity, to the determined set of small cells.

US Pat. No. 9,271,286

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PERFORMING MUTING COORDINATION AND FOR TESTING OF COORDINATING COMMUNICATION

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. A method, comprising:
transmitting, by a network entity, a physical-resource-block muting request to a neighboring network entity;
transmitting at least one muting priority level for at least one physical-resource-block of the physical-resource-block muting
request; and

transmitting an expected user throughput gain to the neighboring network entity, wherein the expected user throughput gain
corresponds to an expected user throughput gain that can be achieved if the neighboring network entity performs muting.

US Pat. No. 9,226,291

MUTING DATA TRANSMISSIONS

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
determining at least one first access node and at least one second access node have a relative timing difference;
determining a muting schedule for the at least one first access node for a plurality of sub-frames, wherein the muting schedule
comprises at least two adjacent muted sub-frames; and

initiating sending an indication of the muting schedule to the at least one first access node and the at least one second
access node wherein information on one or more channels is transmitted from the at least one second access node during the
at least two adjacent muted sub-frames.

US Pat. No. 9,220,124

ENHANCED CONNECTION RECOVERY METHOD FOR MULTI-RAT DEPLOYMENTS

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method, comprising:
controlling a mobile device capable of establishing connection with a first and at least a second type radio access network,
the first and the second type radio access network operating with different radio access technologies;

detecting a radio link failure;
trying, in case a radio link failure is detected when the mobile device was connected with the first type radio access network,
to re-establish connection with the first type radio access network, and;

in case re-establishing the connection with the first type radio access network was not successful, trying to re-establish
connection with the second type radio access network; and

checking whether information is available regarding a target node of the second type radio access network and/or information
regarding a frequency to be used to start the re-establishing process with the second type radio access network.

US Pat. No. 9,167,413

LOCAL BREAKOUT WITH PARAMETER ACCESS SERVICE

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. An access network device capable of providing wireless connectivity to terminal devices, the access network device comprising
a co-located local gateway node for emulating, to a core network, control plane functions of a gateway device of said core
network, and for providing to said core network a set of parameters for local breakout, in order that the core network accepts
the control plane functions and related control messages as being under the control of a core network entity when instead
they are under the control of the co-located local gateway node of the apparatus.

US Pat. No. 9,473,975

CAPACITY ALLOCATION IN COMMUNICATIONS

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. A method of capacity allocation in a communications system comprising a network apparatus, the method comprising:
receiving, in the network apparatus, a capacity request message regarding a user terminal; and
checking, in the network apparatus, in response to receiving the capacity request message, one or more service parameters
related to the user terminal,

wherein if the checking reveals that enhanced network service activation criteria are fulfilled, said one or more service
parameters are used to define, by using a suitable network algorithm, a temporarily enhanced network service for the user
terminal,

wherein the temporarily enhanced network service exceeds a service level originally agreed for the user terminal;
monitoring automatically the one or more service parameters related to the user terminal; and
determining whether to deactivate the temporarily enhanced network service based on the one or more service parameters.

US Pat. No. 9,307,548

BAND AND CHANNEL SELECTION IN 5G

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. A method, comprising:
generating, by a network entity, at least one performance map showing performance for different portions of spectrum in a
wideband radio system;

combining the at least one performance map with dynamic information;
selecting at least one portion of the spectrum to use for access based on the combined at least one performance map and dynamic
information; and

using measurements in one portion of the spectrum to estimate performance in another portion of the spectrum by adjusting
and applying different pathloss exponents to measurements from the one portion of the spectrum,

wherein the at least one performance map is semi-static, and
wherein the dynamic information comprises available bandwidth measured from spectrum measurements.

US Pat. No. 9,241,255

LOCAL BREAKOUT WITH OPTIMIZED INTERFACE

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. An access device comprising:
deriving means for deriving at the access device radio bearer-related parameters from a bearer setup request, the bearer setup
request having been received from a mobility management entity being an entity external to the access device and the bearer
setup request having at least one bearer-related parameter indicating that tunnelling is not required;

determination means for determining a local breakout based on said derived parameters;
gateway configuration means for configuring a gateway functionality co-located at said access device in response to said determination
means; and

traffic bridging means for bridging user traffic in the link layer between a radio bearer service requested by said bearer
setup request and a packet data network for said local breakout.

US Pat. No. 9,215,220

REMOTE VERIFICATION OF ATTRIBUTES IN A COMMUNICATION NETWORK

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a hardware processor configured to supply a claimant property information of the apparatus to an evaluation device using a
secured protocol;

a hardware processor configured to establish a communication with an enforcement device different from the evaluation device
based on an effective claimant session key, wherein the effective claimant session key is based on a first claimant intermediate
key received by the apparatus from the evaluation device, the first claimant intermediate key having been generated by the
evaluation device based on a securely stored predefined claimant permanent key stored by the evaluation device.

US Pat. No. 9,078,160

APPARATUS, METHOD AND PROGRAM FOR DETECTING COVERAGE HOLES AND PROVIDING A CONFIDENCE ESTIMATION VALUE OF DETECTED COVERAGE HOLES TO DECIDE ON A COVERAGE HOLES REDUCING ACTION

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. An apparatus comprising:
one or more processors; and
one or more memories including computer program code, the one or more memories and the computer program code configured, with
the one or more processors, to cause the apparatus to perform the following:

detect a radio coverage hole;
determine confidence information for a detection of the radio coverage hole, said confidence information being a confidence
value indicating the reliability of the detection of the radio coverage hole, said confidence value being based at least in
part on whether the apparatus has lost radio coverage in a serving cell for the apparatus and in a neighboring cell to the
serving cell; and

provide the detection of the radio coverage hole and the confidence information to a network.

US Pat. No. 9,288,241

WEB-TELCO CONVERGENCE COMPRISING DOWNLOADING SCRIPT COMMANDS TO USER TERMINALS

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. A method comprising:
receiving user interface relevant information from a web-telco convergence function in a telecommunication domain wherein
said user interface relevant information relates to a session oriented service for a user;

obtaining web assets from a web domain relating to said session oriented service based on said received user interface relevant
information;

generating a user interface description based on one or both of said received user interface relevant information and said
obtained web assets;

determining an address of a location of said generated user interface description; and
transmitting a request message to said web-telco convergence function wherein said request message includes said address and
requests that said address is transmitted to a user device of said user via said telecommunication domain so as to enable
said user device to obtain said user interface description from the location identified by said address.

US Pat. No. 9,615,354

DEVICE-TO-DEVICE COMMUNICATIONS IN CELLULAR SYSTEM

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method, comprising:
controlling, at least partially, communication links within a cell associated with a base station of a cellular telecommunication
system, wherein the communication links comprise a first set of communication links established between terminal devices and
the base station and a second set of communication links established directly between the terminal devices according to one
or more radio access technologies selected from a plurality of radio access technologies supported by the terminal devices
for the second set of communication links;

selecting one or more of the terminal devices to be used as a relay terminal, the selecting being made adaptively according
to communication environment in the cell and according to received information on capabilities of the terminal devices;

selecting one or more of the terminal devices to be a non-relay terminal;
sending a transmission configured to at least partially configure the one or more selected relay terminals, the one or more
selected relay terminals forming a first portion of the terminal devices within the cell, to establish one or more relay links
between the base station and the one or more non-relay terminals, and where the non-relay terminals form a different second
portion of the terminal devices within the cell; and

configuring the base station to transmit information elements directly to the non-relay terminals within the cell, where the
information elements transmitted directly from the base station to the non-relay terminals are configured to enable the one
or more non-relay terminals to establish a communication link of the second set to at least one of the one or more relay terminals,

wherein the information elements indicate which radio access technology or technologies are used for the second set of communication
links.

US Pat. No. 9,306,714

METHOD AND APPARATUSES FOR CONFIGURING A COMMUNICATION CHANNEL

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method, comprising:
configuring, by a network component, a communication channel between the network component and a user equipment within a cellular
network system, the cellular network system comprising at least one cooperation area, wherein the network component is assigned
to the at least one cooperation area, and wherein the user equipment is served by the network component, comprising

applying, by the network component, a vertical sectorization and thereby creating at least one cooperation area,
determining, by the network component, the location of the user equipment in relation to the at least one cooperation area,
and

configuring, by the network component, the communication channel between the network component and the user equipment by using
coordinated multipoint processing, if the determined location of the user equipment corresponds to a predetermined location,
wherein the predetermined location corresponds to an overlap area between at least two cells of the at least one cooperation
area being associated to the network component.

US Pat. No. 9,736,244

PEER REVIVAL DETECTION

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
at least one processor; and
at least one memory including computer program code,
wherein the at least one memory and the computer program code are configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the
apparatus at least to:

detect a request for establishing a session between a peer and a network, wherein the request is received from the peer and
comprises an identifier of a user of the network;

check whether the request is detected, wherein when the request is detected, the at least one memory and the computer program
code are configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus at least to check whether a first session is
established, wherein the first session is a session of the user which is established between the peer and the network; and

determine whether it is checked that the first session is established,
wherein when it is checked that the first session is established, the at least one memory and the computer program code are
configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus at least to determine whether the first session is dead
or alive, and

wherein when it is determined that the first session is dead, the at least one memory and the computer program code are configured
to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus at least to

flush the first session; and
trigger an establishment of the requested session.

US Pat. No. 9,160,579

LOW PAPR MODULATION FOR COVERAGE ENHANCEMENT

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method, comprising:
Receiving, by a modulator implemented as hardware logic in a transmitter, a two-bit information stream comprising first and
second bits;

performing, by the modulator, precoding using the two-bit information stream to determine a plurality of output signals, the
precoding performed to create a finite plurality of states for the output signals, wherein the output signals comprise a first
output signal based on a version of the first input bit and on a version of a second input bit, a second output signal based
on a delayed version of the first input bit and the version of the second input bit, and a third output signal based on the
version of first input bit and a delayed version of the second input bit;

performing, by the modulator, pulse shaping of each of the output signals to create pulse-shaped signals;
combining, by the modulator, the pulse-shaped signals to create a transmission waveform; and
outputting, by the modulator, the transmission waveform.

US Pat. No. 9,374,150

RESOURCE ALLOCATION SCHEME FOR A RELAY BACKHAUL LINK

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method performed as a result of execution of computer program instructions by at least one data processor, the method
comprising:
obtaining, by a serving base station, information of a predetermined symbol period in a given subframe for starting backhaul
downlink transmissions from the serving base station to a plurality of served relay nodes;

determining at least one candidate symbol period during which at least one but not all of the served relay nodes can receive
the backhaul downlink transmission from the serving base station, wherein the candidate symbol period is in the given subframe
before the predetermined symbol period; and

generating and sending at least one backhaul downlink symbol to the at least one of the served relay nodes in the at least
one candidate symbol period;

wherein the given subframe in each served relay node comprises a first part and a second part, the first part being at least
for transmitting control signalling symbols to user equipment and the second part being at least for reception of the backhaul
downlink transmission from the serving base station;

wherein the at least one backhaul downlink symbol comprises at least one of a relay-physical downlink control channel data
and a relay-physical downlink shared channel data; and

wherein the given subframe has a frame structure for a multimedia broadcast single frequency network within a relay network.

US Pat. No. 9,794,970

DECENTRALIZING CORE NETWORK FUNCTIONALITIES

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method of providing network access, the method comprising:
in a wireless access network associated with a core network;
establishing a connection to the core network via a wireless access device in the wireless access network, wherein a user
plane of the connection is terminated, without involving the core network, at the wireless access device or at a gateway device
connected to the core network, a control plane of the connection is connected to the core network, and the user-plane connection
is established using an Internet Protocol address.

US Pat. No. 9,161,338

SUPPORTING DYNAMIC MULTIPOINT COMMUNICATION CONFIGURATION

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
at least one processor; and
at least one memory including computer program code, where the at least one memory and the computer program code are configured,
with the at least one processor, to cause the apparatus to at least:

define at least two different communication transmission sets for cellular-based communication between base station and terminal,
wherein the at least two different communication transmission sets are indicated in a downlink reference signal configuration;
and

assign, using the downlink reference signal configuration, a communication transmission set of the at least two different
communication transmission sets to use in a current transmission of the cellular-based communication.

US Pat. No. 9,986,442

RELAY NODES

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method, comprising:detecting at a relay node one or more access nodes, wherein detection comprises attaching to a network and detecting synchronization signals of the one or more access nodes;
sending from the relay node to a donor access node associated with the relay node via a wireless interface an identification of the one or more access nodes detected at the relay node; and
determining at the relay node whether the donor access node associated with said relay node recognises a first kind of identifier for a further access node detected by the relay node; and acquiring information about a second kind of identifier for said further access node only if it is determined that the donor access node does not recognise said first kind of identifier for said further access node.

US Pat. No. 9,794,974

MOBILITY MANAGEMENT FOR DEVICE-TO-DEVICE COMMUNICATIONS

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising
receiving a radio handover request message indicating that a radio handover of at least one communication endpoint utilizing
device-to-device communication is to be hidden from core network;

determining, based on device-to-device context information, which is information on said device-to-device communication, and/or
on information on said at least one communication endpoint, whether a notification of said radio handover is to be transmitted;

enabling, upon determination that said notification of said radio handover is to be transmitted, transmission of a device-to-device
information update request message indicative of said radio handover;

disabling, upon determination that said notification of said radio handover is not to be transmitted, said transmission of
said device-to-device information update request message indicative of said radio handover;

providing at least one communication endpoint utilizing device-to-device communication with enhanced neighbor cell list information,
wherein said enhanced neighbor cell list information comprises

a neighbor cell list listing neighbor cells, and
information regarding X2 interface availability with each of said neighbor cells; and
transmitting said enhanced neighbor cell list information via at least one of a system information broadcast and a dedicated
control signaling.

US Pat. No. 9,265,058

SYSTEMS AND TECHNIQUES FOR MUTING MANAGEMENT IN MULTI-CELL COORDINATION

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. An apparatus comprising:
at least one processor;
memory storing a program of instructions;
wherein the memory storing the program of instructions is configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus
to at least:

in response to a control assertion request to allow a controlling entity to control coordinated radio transmission by the
apparatus, respond with an acceptance or denial of the request;

wherein acceptance or denial is with respect to specified radio resources less than the full bandwidth available for use;
and

wherein coordination of transmission comprises muting of transmission or reduced power transmission, wherein a muted transmission
constitutes a zero power transmission.

US Pat. No. 9,888,513

INTER-ENB CARRIER AGGREGATION

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
at least one processor; and
at least one memory including computer program code,
the at least one memory and the computer program code configured, with the at least one processor, to cause the apparatus
to perform at least the following:

performing, in a communication system where a primary cell is controlled by a first base station and a secondary cell is controlled
by a second, different base station, flow control between the primary cell and the secondary cell for data for a radio link
control layer, the data being radio link control packet data units;

communicating, according to the flow control, the data for the radio link control layer between the first and second base
stations using a link between the first and second base stations, wherein the data are communicated between a radio link control
layer on the primary cell and a radio link control layer on the secondary cell;

estimating by the secondary cell a time lag between an original packet data unit request sent over the link and a corresponding
response message received over the link, the response message comprising a packet data unit, and wherein the measured time
lag is an estimate of round trip time;

estimating by the secondary cell an approximate length of time that queued data for the radio link control layer will last
for a certain user equipment;

comparing by the secondary cell the determined approximate length of time to a threshold that is a certain margin greater
than the estimated round trip time; and

sending a request for additional data for the radio link control layer based on the determined approximate length of time
being less than or equal to the threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,247,552

ALLOCATION OF RESOURCES IN A COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method for resource allocation in a local wireless node of a system of a plurality of local wireless nodes, comprising:
performing inner circle subgradient resource allocation iteration based on information received from at least one other wireless
node of the system and an iteration parameter until a convergent result;

providing an updated iteration parameter by at least one outer circle subgradient iteration based on the convergent result
of the inner circle subgradient resource allocation iteration;

repeating the inner circle subgradient resource allocation iteration at least once using the updated iteration parameter until
a convergent result; and

allocating resources for the wireless node based on the iterations.

US Pat. No. 9,313,801

RESOURCE SETTING CONTROL FOR TRANSMISSION USING CONTENTION BASED RESOURCES

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising
setting resources for a data transmission between a user equipment and a base transceiver station;
combining a resource dedicated to the user equipment with at least one contention based resource allocated to a contention
based transmission by the user equipment resulting in the dedicated resource acting as a preamble for the contention based
resource for the data transmission,

wherein the combining comprises:
selecting the at least one contention based resource to be combined by
executing a mapping according to a predetermined rule and based on an information indicating a specific resource element dedicated
to the user equipment to at least one set of available contention based resources, and

determining an information identifying at least one resource element of the at least one contention based resource.

US Pat. No. 9,071,973

COMMUNICATION NETWORK AND METHOD

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
determining that additional shared component carrier resources are required by a first node, the shared component carrier
resources being shared with one or more second nodes;

determining the identity of at least one of the one or more second nodes with which the first node has a strong interference
bond for the shared component carrier resources;

sending a request to the at least one second node for information relating to the use of the shared component carrier resources;
receiving a response from the at least one second node, the response comprising information relating to the use of the shared
component carrier resources;

determining, in the first node, the amount of shared component carrier resources allocated; and
causing at least one allocation message to be sent to the at least one second node, the allocation message indicating that
at least a part of the shared component carrier resources used by the at least one second node has been allocated to the first
node.

US Pat. No. 9,877,335

HALF-DUPLEX COMMUNICATION IN A NETWORK

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
sending, from a first apparatus belonging to a service group, a first message to a second apparatus belonging to the service
group over a first time domain resource that is allocated to the service group for sending and receiving addressed messages
comprising recipient identifying information in a half-duplex communication, the first message being an addressed message;

in response to sending the first message, monitoring, by the first apparatus, a second time domain resource that is allocated
to the service group for forwarding collided messages, a collided message being a message which was sent to one or more recipients
over such a first time domain resource which was used by at least one of the one or more recipients for sending.

US Pat. No. 9,426,701

CONFIGURATION OF HANDOVERS IN COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
at least one processor; and
at least one memory including computer program code,
the at least one memory and the computer program code configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus
at least to:

obtain information on cell evacuation or massive handover to be performed regarding more than one user equipment connected
to the apparatus;

in response to the obtaining information, request the more than one user equipment to form one or more device-to-device clusters;
and

control the cell evacuation or massive handover to be performed utilising information on the formed one or more device-to-device
clusters, wherein the control comprises determining whether a device-to-device cluster based handover process or a traditional
handover process is to be performed.

US Pat. No. 9,319,871

ALLOCATING IDENTIFIERS TO COMMUNICATION DEVICES

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. A method, comprising:
sending from an application server, a request for a pre-provisioned routing identifier;
in response to the request from the application server, dynamically allocating for a period of time, the pre-provisioned routing
identifier from a pool of pre-provisioned routing identifiers for a subscription when there is a need for communication from
the application server towards a device operating according to the subscription;

using the request to create an association between the pre-provisioned routing identifier and a subscription identifier in
a subscription database; and

de-allocating the pre-provisioned routing identifier,
wherein the de-allocation occurs in connection with one or several processes selected from the following:
a process of the application server sending a message to the device, or a process of the application server calling the device.

US Pat. No. 9,204,450

DYNAMIC SPECTRUM REFARMING WITH MULTIPLE CARRIERS

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. An apparatus comprising:
at least one processor; and
at least one memory including computer program code, where the at least one memory and the computer program code are configured,
with the at least one processor, to cause the apparatus of a first communication system of a first radio access technology
to:

receive a request in a first signaling message from a second communication system of a second radio access technology, the
request including information on availability of at least one spectrum block shared between the first and second communication
systems, and

perform at least one of activating and deactivating at least one additional carrier corresponding to the at least one spectrum
block using carrier aggregation mechanisms based on the information with respect to the at least one spectrum block.

US Pat. No. 9,301,154

ARRANGEMENTS FOR CONTROLLING ANTENNAS

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
receiving by a module in a wireless communication, system performance indicators, wherein the performance indicator relate
to capacity and coverage;

in response to receiving the performance indicators, controlling an antenna system by adjusting the following:
order of MIMO provided by the antenna system, and
at least one of beam forming and transmission power; and
wherein in response to a cell being optimized not having sufficient capacity, the order of MIMO may be activated or increased.

US Pat. No. 9,282,461

APPARATUS, METHODS, AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCTS PROVIDING IMPROVED FLEXIBLE RESOURCE USAGE

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. An apparatus comprising:
a processor; and
a memory including computer program instructions, the memory and the computer program instructions being configured, with
the processor, to cause the apparatus at least to perform:

sending a configuration port advertisement message via a first wireless communication to a local area network coupled to an
operation and maintenance (O&M) server via the Internet, said configuration port advertisement message comprising communication
information for a configuration port of the apparatus, the communication information including at least a configuration header,
an internet protocol address, a configuration port number, and a security parameter, said configuration port being where the
apparatus is willing to receive information on flexible spectrum use from the O&M server;

exchanging authentication and security information with said O&M server prior to receipt of said information on flexible spectrum
use; and

receiving from said O&M server, at the configuration port via a second wireless communication in response to said first wireless
communication, a flexible spectrum use message indicative of how the apparatus may utilize at least a portion of a shared
communication resource,

wherein the apparatus comprises an access point, and
wherein the flexible spectrum use message carries a flexible spectrum use profile, which includes at least a controlling node
internet protocol address, a controlling node port number, a flexible spectrum use parameter class, a security parameter,
a spectrum use parameter type, and a spectrum use parameter value.

US Pat. No. 9,253,666

SIGNATURE ENABLER FOR MULTI-VENDOR SON COORDINATION

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
at least one processor;
memory storing a program of instructions;
wherein the memory storing the program of instructions is configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus
to at least:

receive at a network node one or more indications of signatures via links in a wireless network, wherein each of the one or
more signatures has been computed by a base station of the wireless network over a plurality of configuration parameters of
the base station and identifies at least a portion of a current configuration state of the base station.

US Pat. No. 9,204,339

CONTROL MECHANISM FOR AUTONOMOUS MOBILITY OF TERMINAL DEVICE

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. An apparatus comprising:
at least one processor, and
at least one memory storing instructions executed by the at least one processor, wherein the at least one memory and the instructions
are configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus at least to:

create a list of candidate communication cells usable as target cells for a potential autonomous mobility procedure in a communication
network by a communication element;

send the list to a communication element; and
transmit, when the list is sent to the communication element, preparation information to the candidate communication cells
contained in the list sent to the communication element, the preparation information comprising information for preparing
the candidate communication cells for the potential autonomous mobility procedure by the communication element, wherein the
preparation information comprises timer information indicating a time period in which the candidate communication cells are
allowed to participate in the autonomous mobility procedure.

US Pat. No. 9,191,925

CONTROLLING UE EMISSIONS FOR AVOIDING SELF-INTERFERENCE AND FOR DEMANDING COEXISTENCE SITUATIONS

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
at least one processor; and
at least one memory including computer code;
the at least one memory and computer code configured, with the at least one processor, to cause the apparatus to perform at
least the following:

scheduling in a wireless network at least in an uplink frequency band, a downlink frequency band, or in both the uplink and
the downlink frequency bands, according to a first telecommunication standard, comprising allocating one or more resource
blocks to at least an uplink channel, a downlink channel, or both the uplink and the downlink channels, respectively,

wherein the scheduling takes into account a limit of resource blocks to be allocated to the uplink or the downlink channel,
wherein the limit is at least one of

an upper allowed resource block,
a lower allowed resource block, and
a lower number limit of resource blocks, and
wherein the scheduling in the uplink frequency band takes into account reducing maximum user equipment transmit power depending
on a limit of resource blocks to be allocated to the uplink channel, and

wherein the limit of resource blocks to be allocated to the downlink channel is such that the resource allocation to the downlink
channel does not comprise a resource block at a second frequency distance from a center of the uplink channel, wherein the
second frequency distance is an integer multiple of a first frequency distance between the center of the uplink channel and
an allocated resource block in the uplink frequency band; and

communicating using the scheduled one or more resource blocks.

US Pat. No. 9,131,421

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR HANDOVER MANAGEMENT

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. An apparatus comprising:
at least one processor;
memory storing computer program code;
wherein the memory storing the computer program code is configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus
to at least:

upon a request from a macro base station serving a user device:
perform a first performance evaluation affecting an area served by a femto base station, wherein the evaluation presumes that
the user device is served by the macro base station;

perform a second performance evaluation affecting the area served by the femto base station, wherein the evaluation presumes
that the user device is served by the femto base station;

wherein the first and second performance evaluations comprise evaluation of energy efficiency for the area served by the femto
base station, wherein the energy efficiency for the femtocell is given by

wherein J/bi represents Joules per bit, wherein Kf is the set of users of the femtocell, wherein RiFU is the rate of the ith femto user, and wherein piFU and tiFU are the power and time fractions, respectively, allocated by the femto base station to the ith femto user;
compare results of the first performance evaluation and the second performance evaluation; and
if the second performance evaluation indicates an improvement, cause direction of handover of the user device by the macro
base station to the femto base station.

US Pat. No. 9,071,412

METHOD OF SCHEDULING TRANSMISSIONS IN A COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
receiving, by a first network element, a first scheduling grant that contains a precoding scheme used for transmitting a first
signal from the first network element to a second network element;

transmitting the first signal to the second network element according to the precoding scheme;
subsequent to the transmission of the first signal, receiving, by the first network element, a second scheduling grant used
for transmitting a second signal from the first network element to the second network element, wherein the second scheduling
grant does not contain a precoding scheme used for transmitting the second signal; and

transmitting the second signal to the second network element according to the first scheduling grant or the precoding scheme.

US Pat. No. 9,537,640

TRANSMISSION ADAPTATION

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. An apparatus comprising:
at least one processor and at least one memory including a computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer
program code configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus at least to:

obtain from a user device a channel quality indicator comprising a detector class indicator informing of the user device's
capability to a high order modulation, and

substitute the modulation, coding and rank scheme utilizing the high order modulation with a modulation, coding and rank scheme
utilizing a lower order modulation and providing nearest similar performance, if the detector class indictor informs that
the high order modulation is not supported by a receiver of the user device.

US Pat. No. 9,301,203

METHOD, APPARATUS, COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT AND SYSTEM FOR IDENTIFYING, MANAGING AND TRACKING CONGESTION

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. A method, comprising:
identifying a cause of actual or potential congestion; and
notifying a radio access network regarding the cause of actual or potential congestion, wherein the notifying comprises sending
a message comprising a cause code, wherein the cause code is generic to a network elements or wherein the cause code is specific
to a particular network element or category of network elements, the message being at least one of an A11-Notify message or
an A11-Registration reply message.

US Pat. No. 9,253,660

REPORTING IN COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. A method of measurement reporting activation in a network, the method comprising the steps of:
receiving, at a home subscriber server, consent information;
receiving, at the home subscriber server, an IMSI-based activation request;
checking, by the home subscriber server, whether at least part of the activation request applies to a subscriber for whom
consent information consenting to measurement reporting has been provided;

wherein, based on the checking, one of the following is carried out: if consent information consenting to measurement reporting
has been provided, enabling the IMSI-based activation request so that measurement reporting in respect of that subscriber
may take place; and

if consent information consenting to measurement reporting has not been provided, the home subscriber server rejects the IMSI-based
activation request before the IMSI-based activation request is sent to a mobility management entity and as a result the IMSI-based
activation request is not sent to the mobility management entity.

US Pat. No. 9,143,919

IPV6 ANYCAST-BASED LOAD BALANCING AND REDIRECTION FUNCTIONALITY FOR PMIPV6

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. A method, comprising:
sending, at a mobile access gateway, a request message to a frontend local mobility anchor, wherein the request message comprises
a first redirect mobility option which indicates that the mobile access gateway supports redirection functionality, and wherein
the request message is sent to an internet protocol address of the frontend local mobility anchor; and

receiving, at the mobile access gateway, an acknowledgment message from a service local mobility anchor, wherein the acknowledgment
message comprises a second redirect mobility option which indicates that the request message was redirected by the frontend
local mobility anchor to the service local mobility anchor, wherein the acknowledgment message is received from an internet
protocol address of the service local mobility anchor.

US Pat. No. 9,301,234

HANDOVER CONTROL FOR NETWORKS WITH SEVERAL TYPES OF BACKHAUL CONNECTIONS

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising
receiving delay information being indicative of an expected packet delay in a cell of an access node in an access network,
wherein the delay information relates to backhaul resources,
wherein the backhaul resources are heterogeneous,
wherein the heterogeneous backhaul resources comprise at least one of the following:
backhaul resources between base stations of different hierarchical level in terms of logical, structural, or both logical
and structural network deployment,

backhaul resources between different types of base stations and the network,
backhaul resources differing in technology from the network,
backhaul resources differing in technology from a system using homogeneous backhaul technology,
backhaul resources differing in handover from one another, and
backhaul resources differing in connectivity from one another, where end-to-end delay characteristics vary depending on the
choice of base station;

evaluating the suitability of the access node cell as target for a handover of a terminal based on the expected packet delay
of the access node cell; and

enabling or disabling the access node cell as target for a handover of the terminal based on the evaluated suitability thereof.

US Pat. No. 9,276,699

ERROR CONTROL IN A COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
operating an error control mechanism in accordance with a first mode of operation;
switching to a second mode of operation in response to determining occurrence of a period of communication restrictions that
is longer than a threshold, wherein the threshold is at least the duration of a measurement gap, and wherein the second mode
of operation comprises setting a feedback variable to a positive acknowledgement (ACK) when the period of communication restrictions
extends over at least a predefined number of round-trip time periods; and

operating the error control mechanism in accordance with the second mode of operation during the period of communication restrictions,
wherein the method is a method of controlling wireless communications by a multi-radio communication device.

US Pat. No. 9,203,585

UPLINK CONTROL INFORMATION TRANSMISSION

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. An apparatus comprising:
at least one processor; and
at least one memory including a computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code configured, with
the at least one processor, to cause the apparatus at least to:

reserve at least an equal number of modulation symbols for uplink control information symbols in each physical uplink shared
channel transport block;

create at least one layer-specific replica of the uplink control information symbols to be placed in some of reserved resources
of the physical uplink shared channel transport blocks; and

scramble uplink control information symbols including the symbols of the at least one layer-specific replica in a layer-specific
manner for multiplexing the uplink control information with physical uplink shared channel data.

US Pat. No. 9,198,205

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR COMMUNICATION

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
at least one processor; and
at least one memory including computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code configured to,
with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus at least to:

control a relay node to provide a non-cellular wireless service;
setup and maintain a first connection providing a cellular connection with a primary radio access network of a donor cellular
system supporting cellular wireless service access relays;

setup and maintain a second connection providing a mobile backhaul connection with a radio access network of a donor cellular
system;

the second connection providing the mobile backhaul connection for the non-cellular wireless service; and
the first connection carrying control signalling required to control and manage the first connection, the second connection,
and the non-cellular wireless service.

US Pat. No. 9,094,903

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DISTRIBUTION OF TOPOLOGY INFORMATION IN COMMUNICATION NETWORKS

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A computer-implemented method for distribution of network topology information in telecommunication networks having a plurality
of gateway nodes including a serving gateway node and a neighboring gateway node that is a neighbor to the serving gateway
node, said method comprising:
distributing a first information to the neighboring gateway node to identify the serving gateway node as serving an access
node, wherein the first information comprises an access node identifier for the access node and a time validity indication
of the first information, and wherein the access node identifier is mapped to the serving gateway node, wherein the first
information further comprises an assignment of the access node identifier for the access node to the network address of the
serving gateway node.

US Pat. No. 9,094,984

AVOIDING COLLISIONS BETWEEN SEMI-PERSISTENT ALLOCATION AND DYNAMIC ALLOCATION IN RADIO ACCESS NETWORKS

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
receiving a request from a user equipment for retransmission of an earlier transmission to the user equipment on a dynamic
allocation for a predetermined transmission time interval in a communication network;

determining whether a collision risk exists between the retransmission of the earlier transmission to the user equipment and
another transmission to the user equipment on a predefined allocation during the predetermined transmission time interval;

prioritizing said another transmission to the user equipment on the predefined allocation and the retransmission on the dynamic
allocation in accordance with a prioritization rule; and

ignoring the retransmission request when the collision risk exists or performing the retransmission based on the prioritization
rule.

US Pat. No. 9,426,073

DATA TRANSMISSION MECHANISM WITH IMPROVED ROBUSTNESS USING MULTIFLOW CONNECTION

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
at least one processor; and
at least one memory including computer program code, where the at least one memory and the computer program code are configured,
with the at least one processor, to cause the apparatus to at least:

set up a multiflow connection for radio link control data units via at least one network transceiver device and via at least
two different paths towards a terminal, and, apply selection criteria; and

dependent on the applied selection criteria, select radio link control data units of specific data, to be subjected at least
one of:

to bicasting each selected radio link control data unit using the at least two paths, and
to dynamic flow switching so as to transmit each selected radio link control data unit using one of the at least two paths
and wherein each selected radio link control data unit can be independently chosen to be transmitted over either of the at
least two paths.

US Pat. No. 9,392,605

CHANGE OF RATE MATCHING MODES IN PRESENCE OF CHANNEL STATE INFORMATION REFERENCE SIGNAL TRANSMISSION

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method, comprising:
prior to confirmation that a network access node has correctly acquired capabilities of a user equipment, operating the user
equipment with the network access node in accordance with a first rate matching mode on a downlink channel from the network
node to the user equipment; and

only after confirmation to the user equipment that the network access node has correctly acquired capabilities of the user
equipment, operating the user equipment with the network access node in accordance with a second rate matching mode on the
downlink channel,

where the confirmation is achieved based on execution of a radio resource control connection reconfiguration signaling procedure
and based on application of a rule, where the rule comprises the network access node applying rate matching around reference
symbols for the user equipment only after it has received a radio resource control connection reconfiguration complete message
from the user equipment.

US Pat. No. 9,313,792

WIRELESS MULTI-SITE CAPACITY COORDINATION

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A system in a wireless communication network, the system comprising:
a processor; and
a non-transitory computer readable medium with computer executable instructions stored thereon which, when executed by the
processor, perform the following method:

calculating a total interference impact metric for a reference cell based on an interference impact of the reference cell
on a plurality of User Equipment (UE) attached to cells that neighbor the reference cell;

determining a distribution of power resources for the reference cell and the plurality of neighboring cells using the total
interference impact metric; and

allocating the power resources to sub-bands for the reference cell and the plurality of neighboring cells,
wherein calculating the total interference impact metric for the reference cell comprises:
determining a total number of active UEs for each neighboring cell;
calculating an active user multiple for each neighboring cell based on the respective total number of active UEs for each
neighboring cell.

US Pat. No. 9,237,527

POWER CONTROL

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method, comprising:
receiving, wirelessly from a communication device, information about a signal transmission distortion characteristic of the
communication device, wherein the information indicates how hardware imperfections of the communication device introduce distortion
into a transmitted signal; and

deciding a power control command for wirelessly transmitting to the communication device, wherein the deciding takes into
account the signal transmission distortion characteristic of the communication device, wherein the signal distortion characteristic
of the communication device defines a maximum signal-to-noise ratio for a signal from the communication device, and comprising
deciding against a transmission of a command to increase power if it is determined that a signal-to-noise ratio of a signal
received at a receiver from the communication device is already less than a predetermined amount below said maximum, wherein
the decided power control command is transmitted as part of downlink control information to the communication device, and
wherein the power control command is for use by the communication device in determining a transmission power for the communication
device.

US Pat. No. 9,226,189

MONITORING HEALTH OF A PREDISTORTION SYSTEM

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method, comprising:
determining at a current time a current intermodulation content of a predistortion system;
determining an intermodulation ratio using the current intermodulation content and a previous intermodulation content for
the predistortion system, the previous intermodulation content determined at a time previous to the current time;

comparing the determined intermodulation ratio with stored intermodulation ratios; and
communicating a warning in response to the comparing indicating the predistortion system is unhealthy.

US Pat. No. 9,198,226

NETWORK MANAGEMENT

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. A method of managing the operation of a network element in a communications system, the method comprising:
receiving performance indicators;
combining together performance indicators to produce an achievement indicator comprising weighted components of performance
indicators, wherein the achievement indicator comprises a sum of products of individual target achievements and individual
target weights;

using the achievement indicator to determine an optimum setting of at least one parameter value;
applying the parameter value to the network element.

US Pat. No. 9,125,221

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ALLOCATING RADIO RESOURCES IN CELLULAR COMMUNICATIONS NETWORK

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method for allocating radio resources in a cellular communications network comprising:
dynamically allocating a set of radio resources for a transmission taking place at a transmission time instance (N) and for
a further transmission taking place at a further transmission time instance (N+k), the further transmission relating to a
response to the transmission taking place at the transmission time instance (N), wherein the response comprises a feedback
message, wherein the feedback message is an ACK or a NACK message, and wherein any data present at the further transmission
time instance (N+k) is multiplexed together with data relating to the response to be transmitted at the further transmission
time instance (N+k); and

broadcasting both sets of allocated radio resources in the cellular communications network.

US Pat. No. 9,113,405

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR SUPPORTING MULTIPLE TYPES OF CONNECTIONS TO A CORE NETWORK

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
receiving a request for connecting a subscriber,
identifying whether the subscriber belongs to a first subscriber group or to a second subscriber group based at least in part
on a priority value assigned to the subscriber, with a higher priority subscriber being assigned to the first group and a
lower priority subscriber being assigned to the second group,

deciding, based on the identification of the subscriber group to which the subscriber belongs, to assign the subscriber to
a first connection route to a core network using a base station configured to act as a home Node B, wherein the base station
is a hybrid base station capable of acting as a home Node B or as a relay node, wherein the first connection route provides
a connection using a wired backhaul, or a second connection route to the core network, wherein the hybrid base station is
configured to act as a relay node, wherein the second connection route provides a connection using a wireless in-band link,
wherein a subscriber belonging to the first group is eligible to be assigned to either the first connection route or to the
second connection route, and wherein a subscriber belonging to the second group is eligible to be assigned only to the second
connection route,

checking available resources on the assigned first connection route or second connection route, and
processing the request in accordance with a result of the resource check.

US Pat. No. 9,516,623

ENABLING CDMA2000 SYSTEM SHARING IN LTE

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

11. An apparatus, comprising:
one or more processors; and
one or more memories including computer program code,
the one or more memories and the computer program code configured, with the one or more processors, to cause the apparatus
to perform at least the following:

transmitting a message from a network element in the long term evolution system to a user equipment, the message at least
identifying a mapping between a plurality of public land mobile network (PLMN) identities (IDs) and associated code division
multiple access systems for which the long term evolution system supports interworking;

receiving at the network element and from the user equipment one or more indications of one or more selected ones of the plurality
of PLMN IDs, and corresponding one or more selected code division multiple access systems to which the network element has
access based on the mapping between the plurality of PLMN IDs and associated code division multiple access systems, the one
or more selected code division multiple access systems corresponding to one or more requested actions by the user equipment
and selection by the user equipment of the one or more selected code division multiple access systems in order to handover
a call from the long term evolution system; and

routing information corresponding to the one or more requested actions to the one or more selected code division multiple
access systems in order to handover the call from the long term evolution system.

US Pat. No. 9,294,931

CO-PRIMARYSPECTRUM SHARING FOR 4G/5G SMALL CELL BASE STATIONS WITH LONG TERM FAIRNESS CRITERIA

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
one or more processors; and
one or more memories including computer program code;
the one or more memories and the computer program code configured, with the one or more processors, to cause the apparatus
to perform at least the following:

allowing a first user to learn to share available radio spectrum with a second user in a coverage area of a cell, comprising,
assigning a probability distribution function of a transmit configuration based on a number of component carriers in the cell,
conducting a transmission from the cell,
calculating a cost for operation of the cell over a selected time interval, updating the probability distribution function
at an end of the selected time interval,

selecting an optimal number of component carriers for use in the transmit configuration; and
using the selected optimal number of component carriers to determine a sharing operation;
wherein calculating a cost operation of the cell over a selected time interval is modeled

where rb(t) is the estimated average sum rate of users which are served by the cell, xb(t) is the number of component carriers used by the cell at time t, Rcc is the average bits per component carrier, RTb is the users' target sum rate when served by the cell, ?R(t) is a rate due to extra bandwidth reservation, ? is the regularization
coefficient of the spectrum violation, vb(t) is the moving time average of spectrum usage over time window T, and vmax is the agreed maximum spectrum sharing ratio.

US Pat. No. 9,246,568

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR NON-CODEBOOK BASED PRECODING

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. An apparatus comprising at least one processor and at least one memory including computer program code, the at least one
memory and the computer program code being configured, with the at least one processor, to cause the apparatus to perform
at least the following:
determining a transmission mode for a user equipment, the transmission mode comprising a non-codebook precoding with a fixed
precoding granularity; and

controlling a transceiver to transmit information on the determined transmission mode to the user equipment, wherein the at
least one memory and the computer program code are further configured to use one of a plurality of states in an uplink grant
message reserved for indicating a precoding matrix index for indicating the transmission mode.

US Pat. No. 9,210,649

NETWORK SELECTION MECHANISMS

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. A method of controlling the use of mobile telecommunications network selection data by a user device, wherein said network
selection data in the form of a tree structure is stored at the user device, the method comprising:
checking at least one of a first and a second operator identity associated with the network selection data, wherein the at
least one of the first and the second operator identity identifies an original provider of the said network selection data
and is located in a path of the tree structure; and

determining based on the original provider identified by the at least one of the first and the second operator identity whether
the original provider of the said network selection data is such that said user device can make use of said data,

wherein the tree structure comprises:
parent nodes being a parent policy node containing multiple instances of policies for intersystem mobility relating to respective
operators and a parent discovery node containing multiple instances of access network discovery information relating to the
respective operators,

a first policy instance and a first discovery instance relating to a first operator wherein each of the first policy instance
and the first discovery instance contain the first operator identity as a leaf located below a first policy node and a first
discovery node, respectively, and

a second policy instance and a second discovery instance of a second operator, wherein each of the second policy instance
and the second discovery instance contain the second operator identity as a leaf located below a second policy node and a
second discovery node, respectively, wherein

the first operator identity leaves are linked to the parent nodes via respective single intermediate nodes being the first
policy node and being the first discovery node, and

the second operator identity leaves are linked to the parent nodes via respective single intermediate nodes being the second
policy node and being the second discovery node.

US Pat. No. 9,450,845

QUALITY OF EXPERIENCE

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. An apparatus comprising:
at least one processor and at least one memory including a computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer
program code configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus at least to:

search for packet losses;
determine a type of a frame wherein at least one packet loss took place and amount of lost information;
determine events affecting user experience based on the type of the frame and the amount of lost information;
estimate a first quality indicating parameter for each of the events affecting user experience, wherein the first quality
parameter comprises objective quality information, and

estimate a second quality indicating parameter by using the first quality indicating parameter, wherein the second quality
indicating parameter comprises subjective quality information,

wherein the first quality indicating parameter is a peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR) value,
wherein the PSNR is defined as a ratio between a maximum possible power of a signal and a power of noise that affects the
reliability of values estimated from a received signal,

wherein the determination of events affecting user experience is carried out based on Error Propagation Time (EPT) and Data
Error Ratio (DER) parameters,

wherein the at least one memory and the computer program code are further configured to, with the at least one processor,
cause the apparatus at least to transform the EPT and DER into PSNR as an objective quality metric, and

wherein the at least one memory and the computer program code are further configured to, with the at least one processor,
cause the apparatus at least to map information on the type of a frame a packet loss corresponds to and the DER to a transfer
matrix including values for each frame type.

US Pat. No. 9,338,785

SYSTEM PERFORMANCE

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
deciding at a first access node that a change in configuration for at least one set of radio resources allocated to said first
access node among a plurality of configurations is required based on a determination of the relative need for each of the
plurality of configurations by the first access node;

sending from the first access node to one or more other access nodes neighbouring said first access node a communication about
the change in configuration for at least one set of radio resources among the plurality of configurations,

wherein the plurality of configurations includes a first configuration accessible to a first category of communication devices,
but not to a second category of communication devices, and a second configuration accessible to both said first category and
said second category of communication devices.

US Pat. No. 9,326,155

SPECTRUM SHARING USING SHARING PROFILES

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. An apparatus comprising:
at least one processor and at least one memory including a computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer
program code configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus at least to:

convey, by a primary node, a set of changeable sharing profiles to a node being a secondary user of the shared spectrum, the
set of changeable sharing profiles comprising a limited set of spectrum sharing conditions or policies changeable for adjusting
spectrum sharing according to a need;

change at least one sharing profile of the set of changeable sharing profiles during shared spectrum usage, and
indicate the change of the at least one sharing profile to the node being the secondary user of the shared spectrum.

US Pat. No. 9,246,650

METHOD, APPARATUS AND COMPUTER PROGRAM FOR OPEN LOOP TRANSMISSION DIVERSITY

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
transmitting in a timeslot from a first antenna of a user equipment on a first physical uplink control channel using a first
reference signal in a manner that multiplexes with other user equipment;

transmitting in the timeslot from a second antenna of the user equipment on a second physical uplink control channel using
a second reference signal in a manner that multiplexes with other user equipment; and

wherein the first reference signal and the second reference signal comprises a cyclically shifted zero autocorrelation code
and the second reference signal is orthogonal to the first reference signal by at least one of the cyclic shifts or a cover
code applied to at least one of the first and the second reference signals,
wherein a same symbol multiplied respectively by the first and the second reference signals is transmitted respectively from
the first antenna and the second antenna, and wherein at least one physical downlink channel is allocated to the user equipment
dynamically on a physical downlink control channel, and
for the case where the at least one physical downlink channel is only one physical downlink channel, the user equipment maps
the physical downlink channel to the first uplink control channel k via a first control channel element of the one physical
downlink control channel and maps the physical downlink channel to the second physical uplink control channel k+1; and

for the case where the at least one physical downlink channel is at least a first and a second physical downlink channel,
the user equipment maps the physical downlink channel to the first reference signal via a control channel element of the first
physical downlink control channel and maps the physical downlink channel to the second reference signal via a control channel
element of the second physical downlink control channel.

US Pat. No. 9,225,587

MECHANISM FOR ALARM MANAGEMENT OF FEMTO RELATED SYSTEMS TO AVOID ALARM FLOODS

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. A method of alarm management in a communications system performed by a node, the method of alarm management comprising
the steps of: detecting disruption of a communication link between a node and a management system due to a communication link
failure; blocking the sending of alarms by the node; generating a report representative of an accumulation of alarms, wherein
the report is periodically updated over the time period of the communication disruption; detecting re-establishment of the
communication link; and sending the report to the management system upon the re-establishment of the communication link; wherein
the alarms are reported to the management system on the basis of the report, wherein the management system carries out alarm
synchronization with the node to avoid alarm information inconsistencies.

US Pat. No. 9,154,510

METHODS, APPARATUSES, AND RELATED COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT FOR NETWORK SECURITY

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method, comprising:
receiving, at a network element entity, a signaling message from a first endpoint entity, the signaling message comprising
first establishment information indicating a plurality of ranges of protection to be granted, the ranges of protection each
specifying the parts of a communication path between the first endpoint entity and a second endpoint entity, being an endpoint
entity different from the first endpoint entity, which are to be protected, the ranges of protection relating to at least
one of the following:

at least one of a plurality of network elements in at least one access network and at least one core network; and
the second endpoint entity;
obtaining, at a network element entity, from the second endpoint entity and derived from the first establishment information,
second establishment information indicating a range of protection granted by the second endpoint entity, the range of protection
granted by the second endpoint entity being one of the plurality of ranges of protection of the signaling message; and

signaling, from the network element entity which obtains the second establishment information from the second endpoint entity,
to the first endpoint entity, third establishment information indicating the protection granted to the first endpoint entity.

US Pat. No. 9,148,875

CHANNELIZATION CODE SHARING BETWEEN MULTIPLE USERS

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
during downlink transmission, sharing a data channel channelization code on a high speed physical downlink shared channel
(HS-PDSCH) between a group of mobile stations in a data communications network during a transmission time interval using time
division multiple access (TDMA) such that each mobile station is allocated a share of the data channel channelization code
in a time slot of the transmission time interval;

sharing a control channel channelization code between the group of mobile stations on a high speed shared control channel
(HS-SCCH) during the transmission time interval using TDMA in a proportion equal to that in which the data channel channelization
code is shared between the mobile stations, wherein the control channel channelization code is used for transmitting user
specific data channel allocation information;

assigning a share of the control channel channelization code to a particular mobile station in the group in said time slot
of the transmission time interval;

indicating using the data channel allocation information which time slot of the transmission time interval available for data
can be used by said particular mobile station in the group;

transmitting the control channel channelization code in the same time slot of the transmission time interval as that in which
the data channel channelization code is transmitted for said particular mobile station;

during uplink transmission using an uplink code for uplink feedback from said particular mobile station in an uplink feedback
time slot of the transmission time interval on a high speed dedicated physical control channel (HS-DPCCH), wherein the time
slot of the transmission time interval on the HS-DPCCH corresponds to the time slot of the transmission time interval on the
HS-PDSCH in which the data channel channelization code is transmitted for that particular mobile station;

if no channel quality indicator is scheduled for any of the mobile stations in the group, carrying an ACK or NACK acknowledgment
of a downlink transmission from a downlink time slot of the transmission time interval in a corresponding uplink time slot
of the transmission time interval on the HS-DPCCH: and

if a channel quality indicator is scheduled for at least one mobile station in the group, carrying a sum of ACK or NACK acknowledgments
from the mobile stations in a first uplink time slot of the transmission time interval on the HS-DPCCH and carrying the channel
quality indicator of each mobile station for which a channel quality indicator is scheduled in second and third uplink time
slots of the transmission time interval.

US Pat. No. 9,054,843

SEARCH SPACE ARRANGEMENT FOR CONTROL CHANNEL

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. A method, comprising:
indicating an Enhanced Physical Downlink Control Channel (EPDCCH) search space by a pair of parameters, wherein the pair of
parameters includes a physical resource block index and an explicit control channel element index, the explicit control channel
element index identifies a specific control channel element being used within a physical resource block corresponding to the
physical resource block index, the explicit control channel element index is determined using the physical resource block
index and number of control channel elements being used within the physical resource block corresponding to the physical resource
block index, the number of control channel elements for the physical resource block index indicates possible aggregation levels
inside the physical resource block corresponding to the physical resource block index, and a same user-specific starting position
for the EPDCCH search space is used for each of the aggregation levels being used inside the physical resource block corresponding
to the physical resource block index; and

transmitting on the control channel within the search space.

US Pat. No. 9,603,160

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR UPLINK BACKHAUL SCHEDULING

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

26. A method, comprising:
selecting, by a user equipment, a first scheduling request, wherein the selecting the first scheduling request comprises selecting
between scheduling request types; and

transmitting the first scheduling request to an access point, wherein the first scheduling request corresponds to a request
for the access point to process data, the selecting between scheduling request types comprises selecting between a fast-scheduling
request and a regular-scheduling request, and the first scheduling request causes the access point to transmit data before
decoding the data, when the fast-scheduling request is selected.

US Pat. No. 9,420,533

DISCONTINUOUS RECEPTION

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
selecting one of a first discontinuous reception cycle of a first length and a second discontinuous reception cycle of a second,
different length, both of said first and second cycles being available for selection, wherein each of the first and second
cycles is selectable independently of the other of the first and second cycles, and wherein said selecting comprises selecting
a longer of said first and second cycles responsive to determining at least one of the following: no data is being buffered
to be sent to a base station, and any data being buffered to be sent to a base station is tolerant of a delay associated with
the longer of said first and second cycles; and

using said selected cycle.

US Pat. No. 9,301,223

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR AUTOMATIC NEIGHBOR RELATIONS IN MULTI-VENDOR HETEROGENEOUS NETWORK

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method for improving performance of a heterogeneous cellular telecommunications network in which a Network Management
System (NMS) is coupled to a first Element Management System and a second EMS, the method comprising:
transmitting, by the NMS, a vendor identity request for vendors of base stations managed by the first EMS to the first EMS;
transmitting, by the NMS, a vendor identity request for vendors of base stations managed by the second EMS to the second EMS;
receiving, by the NMS, a first vendor identity for a target base station from the first EMS;
receiving, by the NMS, a second vendor identity for a source base station from the second EMS;
comparing the first vendor identity to the second vendor identity;
when the first vendor identity is different from the second vendor identity, comparing ,by the NMS, a first cell identifier
of a target cell used by the target base station to a second cell identifier of the target cell used by the source base station;

determining a discrepancy between the first cell identifier and the second cell identifier; and
replacing one of the first and second cell identifiers with the other of the first and second cell identifiers to resolve
the discrepancy.

US Pat. No. 9,246,662

MECHANISMS ADDRESSING DYNAMIC COMPONENT CARRIER CHANGE IN RELAY SYSTEMS

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. A device, comprising:
a transceiver device, configured to communicate
via a first interface with a terminal and
via a second interface with a remote network device,
wherein communication via the first and/or second interface is configured to operate based on aggregation of plural individual
component carriers;

and
a control device, configured to perform, for each component carrier:
detection of a change concerning a component carrier on the first interface,
sending, responsive to the detection, of update information pertaining to at least the first interface towards the remote
network device,

reception of reconfiguration instructions, based upon the detected change, to be applied on the first interface, and
initiation of reconfiguration of the first interface based on the received instructions.

US Pat. No. 9,204,439

SEARCH SPACE ARRANGEMENT FOR CONTROL CHANNEL

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. A method, comprising:
indicating a control channel search space by a pair of parameters, wherein the pair of parameters includes a physical resource
block index and an explicit control channel element index, the explicit control channel element index identifies a specific
control channel element associated with a physical resource block corresponding to the physical resource block index, the
explicit control channel element index is determined based on the physical resource block index and number of control channel
elements associated with the physical resource block corresponding to the physical resource block index, the number of control
channel elements for the physical resource block index indicates possible aggregation levels inside the physical resource
block corresponding to the physical resource block index, and a same starting position for the control channel search space
exists; and

transmitting on the control channel within the search space.

US Pat. No. 9,137,807

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DATA PROCESSING IN A WIRELESS NETWORK

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
data processing in a wireless network, comprising:
serving at least one relay node by a base station;
conducting load partitioning for the at least one relay node based on at least one load information message that comprises
information regarding resource blocks and sub-frames and bitmap information indicating the resource blocks and sub-frames;
and

compressing the bitmap information depending on a traffic situation on a backhaul link and/or an overhead traffic threshold
on the backhaul link, wherein the compressing the bitmap information is done by combining at least one of columns and rows
of a resource block such that the at least one of columns and rows having identical values are combined to a single at least
one of a column and a row.

US Pat. No. 9,135,415

CONTROLLING ACCESS

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. A method comprising:
receiving, in an apparatus of an individual system, an access request to a maintenance service account in the apparatus;
creating, in response to the access request, a challenge;
forwarding the challenge;
receiving a signed token relating to the challenge;
checking whether or not the token is signed by a centralized entity that is verifiable by the apparatus and authorized to
provide signing services for the account;

if the token is signed by the centralized entity, checking whether a first response in the token corresponds to a response
the apparatus expects to receive for the challenge; and

if yes, checking whether access enabling data indicates that a further input from a user is required or the token is an access
token itself;

if the token is an access token itself, granting the user access to the account, and granting the user permission with respect
to dedicated maintenance service tasks of the individual system;

if the further input is required:
prompting the user for credentials;
receiving credentials via a user interface, wherein one or more of the received credentials comprise one or more use conditions;
considering the one or more of the received credentials as valid if all use conditions relating of the one or more of the
received credentials are fulfilled;

checking whether the received credentials correspond to valid credentials in the access enabling data; and
granting the user access to the account, and granting the user permission with respect to dedicated maintenance service tasks
of the individual system, if the credentials received via the user interface correspond to valid credentials in the access
enabling data.

US Pat. No. 9,094,978

CHANGE OF RATE MATCHING MODES IN PRESENCE OF CHANNEL STATE INFORMATION REFERENCE SIGNAL TRANSMISSION

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method, comprising:
prior to confirmation that a network access node has correctly acquired capabilities of a user equipment, operating a user
equipment with the network access node in accordance with a first rate matching mode on a downlink channel from the network
node to the user equipment; and

only after confirmation to the user equipment that the network access node has correctly acquired capabilities of the user
equipment, changing the rate matching mode to a second rate matching mode on the downlink channel,

where the confirmation is achieved based on execution of a radio resource control connection reconfiguration signaling procedure
and based on application o f a rule, where the rule comprises the network access node initiating rate matching around reference
symbols for the user equipment only after it has received a radio resource control connection reconfiguration complete message
from the user equipment.

US Pat. No. 9,516,627

INTER-SITE CARRIER AGGREGATION

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. An apparatus comprising:
at least one processor and at least one memory including a computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer
program code configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus at least to:

convey, by a primary cell node, a radio resource reconfiguration message to a user device for carrying out secondary cell
configuration for downlink data conveyance using inter-site carrier aggregation functionality, wherein the inter-site aggregation
functionality comprises the user device being provided with a frequency carrier by the primary cell node and with another
frequency carrier by a secondary cell node; and

obtain and/or convey information on completion of the secondary cell configuration and/or
activate downlink data forwarding to the secondary cell node.

US Pat. No. 9,425,923

METHOD, APPARATUS, COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT, COMPUTER READABLE MEDIUM AND SYSTEM FOR FAST FEEDBACK AND RESPONSE HANDLING IN WIRELESS NETWORKS

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. A method, comprising:
transmitting, from a first network element to a second network element, a transmitted waveform using a transmission pattern;
tailoring a reception pattern to receive a feedback indicator regarding the transmitted waveform from the second network element;
and

initiating retransmission of the transmitted waveform via another layer or radio access technology based on the feedback indicator,
wherein the reception pattern comprises a broader beam than the transmission pattern.

US Pat. No. 9,185,688

PROVIDING IMPROVED SCHEDULING REQUEST SIGNALING WITH ACK/NACK OR CQI

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
determining that an acknowledgment is to be sent on a physical uplink control channel, where transmission of the acknowledgement
on the physical uplink control channel comprises in addition to the acknowledgement data, a sequence that is unmodulated via
a modulation scheme used for the acknowledgement data; and

for a case where there is also a scheduling request to be sent, combining the acknowledgment with the scheduling request on
a scheduling resource,

else placing the acknowledgment in another resource.

US Pat. No. 9,148,812

MOBILITY IMPROVEMENT USING INCREASED NUMBER OF MOBILITY MEASUREMENTS FOR A TIME PERIOD

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method, comprising:
performing by a user equipment, responsive to the user equipment entry into a cell of a network, according to a selected interval
a plurality of measurements of the cell during a time period while being in a coverage area of the cell, wherein the plurality
measurements of the cell are performed during the time period according to the selected interval more frequently than and
independently from existing measurement configurations applied by the network to the cell; and

ceasing, after expiration of the time period, to perform the plurality of measurements of the cell that were performed responsive
to the entry into the cell.

US Pat. No. 9,100,941

USING UNIQUE PREAMBLES FOR D2D COMMUNICATIONS IN LTE

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method, comprising:
determining a synchronization preamble, at least a portion of which is unique to one or more user equipment for a one-to-many
device-to-device communication of one or more subframes on a band, wherein the portion is received from a base station prior
to performing the one-to-many device-to-device communication and determining the preamble further comprises constructing the
portion using a Zadoff-Chu sequence with a base sequence initialized by one or both of an identification assigned to at least
one of the user equipment or a physical cell identification of a cell corresponding to the base station; and

performing the one-to-many device-to-device communication of the one or more subframes comprising the preamble on the band,
wherein one of the user equipment performs the device-to-device communication with another one of the user equipment.

US Pat. No. 9,392,509

SYSTEMS AND TECHNIQUES FOR HANDOVER CONTROL

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. An apparatus comprising:
at least one processor;
memory storing computer program code;
wherein the memory storing the computer program code is configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus
to at least:

at a radio network controller (RNC), upon a handover/cell change request with change of routing area code, examine parameters
associated with a user equipment affected by the request for indications that the user equipment is engaged in a packet switched
connection;

examine conditions associated with the handover/cell change request to determine if the packet switched connection should
be released, wherein conditions indicating that the packet switched connection should not be released comprise the presence
of a packet switched radio access bearer in a radio resource control connection between a radio network controller (RNC) and
the user equipment; and

if conditions associated with the handover/cell change request do not indicate that the packet switched connection should
be released, inhibit release of the packet switched connection, wherein inhibiting release of the packet switched connection
comprises, if such a packet switched radio access bearer is present, responding to a ROUTING AREA UPDATE REQUEST with a ROUTING
AREA UPDATE ACCEPT with a “follow-on proceed” flag set whether or not the ROUTING AREA UPDATE REQUEST includes an indication
to prolong the packet switched signaling connection.

US Pat. No. 9,294,939

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR REDUCING INTERFERENCE

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
receiving, by a first base station, an interference report on interference between a relay node associated with the first
base station and at least one other relay node associated with a second base station;

determining, by the first base station, transmission parameters of the backhaul sub-frame configurations of the relay node
and the at least one other relay node on the basis of the interference report; and

sending instructions, by the first base station, to modify the transmission parameters of the backhaul sub-frame configurations
of at least one of the relay node and the at least one other relay node to mitigate the interference therebetween.

US Pat. No. 9,265,021

MINIMAL ACCESS TRANSFER CONTROL FUNCTION REQUIREMENTS FOR SINGLE RADIO VOICE CALL CONTINUITY HANDOVER

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. A method, comprising:
receiving a registration request message at an access transfer control function from a user equipment;
including at the access transfer control function an access transfer control function uniform resource identifier in the registration
request message when the access transfer control function supports reverse single radio voice call continuity, wherein the
access transfer control function uniform resource identifier points to the access transfer control function used in both reverse
single radio voice call continuity and enhanced single radio voice call continuity; and

transmitting the registration request message from the access transfer control function to a serving call session control
function and then to a service centralization and continuity application server,

wherein the registration request message is devoid of reverse single radio voice call continuity information.

US Pat. No. 9,161,318

CONFIGURING POWER DISTRIBUTION WITHIN COOPERATION AREAS OF CELLULAR COMMUNICATION NETWORKS

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
configuring at least two base stations to transmit at a first transmit power level for providing a first receiving power level
for a user equipment at a center region of the at least one cooperation area,

wherein the at least two base stations define the at least one cooperation area,
wherein the at least one cooperation area is a cooperation area of a joint transmission CoMP system
wherein each base station of the at least two base stations comprises at least one antenna, and
wherein each base station has at least one beam; and
configuring the at least two base stations to transmit at a second transmit power level for providing a second receiving power
level at a border region of the at least one cooperation area,

wherein the second receiving power level is lower than the first receiving power level, and
wherein a power distribution between the first and second transmit power levels within the cooperation area shapes an interference
floor which avoids interference between cooperation areas.

US Pat. No. 9,154,206

VERTICAL BEAM DESIGN FOR UE-SPECIFIC BEAMFORMING BY MATCHING TO A CB

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method, comprising:
transmitting reference signals to user equipment from an active antenna array system comprising a plurality of antennas arrayed
in at least a vertical direction, the active antenna array system configured to perform the transmitting of the reference
signals using multiple vertical beams having vertical patterns designed to provide desired vertical patterns after codebook
feedback from a codebook is applied on transmissions from logical ports of the antenna array;

receiving codebook feedback from the user equipment in response to transmitting the reference signals; and
transmitting information to the user equipment at least by applying selected entries of the codebook corresponding to the
codebook feedback to the logical ports of the antenna array, wherein application of the selected entries causes the active
antenna array system to perform transmitting information using multiple beams having the desired vertical patterns.

US Pat. No. 9,154,288

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR ALLOCATING RESOURCES FOR COORDINATED TRANSMISSIONS FROM MULTIPLE CELLS

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. An apparatus comprising:
at least one processor and at least one memory including a computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer
program code configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus at least to:

receive from an upper scheduler data for user terminals served by the apparatus, wherein a first set of terminals is connected
to more than one cell and a second set of user terminals is not connected to more than one cell, wherein the data for user
terminals includes first user terminal data and second user terminal data, and wherein a first user terminal of the first
set of terminals is configured to receive the first user terminal data as synchronized transmissions from more than one cell
and a second user terminal of the second set of user terminals is configured to receive the second user terminal data from
a single cell;

receive from the upper scheduler physical layer resources to be allocated for the first set of user terminals; and
determine by the apparatus physical layer resources for the second set of user terminals and allocate the received and determined
resources for the user terminals

wherein the apparatus is configured to take care of time critical aspects of scheduling for the user terminals.

US Pat. No. 9,137,714

METHOD AND APPARATUS

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. A method comprising:
receiving from a plurality of user equipment signal information for at least one cell;
using said information to determine if a candidate cell is to enter a reduced power mode; and
ensuring that another cell is covering the area of the candidate cell before the candidate cell enters the reduced power mode.

US Pat. No. 9,107,096

RADIO ACCESS PARAMETER TUNING

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method, comprising:
obtaining first predetermined characteristics related to users who experienced a radio link failure;
obtaining second predetermined characteristics related to the users who are according to a predetermined rule prone to a radio
link failure; and

determining, based on the obtained second predetermined characteristics in addition to the obtained first predetermined characteristics,
whether radio access parameter tuning is to be performed or not.

US Pat. No. 9,450,768

SUBSCRIBER-SPECIFIC TRACING IN COMMUNICATIONS

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. A method for subscriber tracing in a communications system, said method comprising:
capturing, in a network apparatus, user plane packets, wherein the apparatus implements a 3GPP policy and charging enforcement
functionality PCEF; and

adding packet-specific metadata to a captured user plane packet,
wherein the packet-specific metadata is used for facilitating subscriber-specific troubleshooting of core network elements,
and

wherein the metadata includes
a public part documented in product-specific customer documentation, and/or
a private part intended for troubleshooting by the product vendor, and including information on an exact code point, licensing
information, internal resource situation information, and/or other private information.

US Pat. No. 9,374,199

COMMUNICATION NETWORK ELEMENT AND METHOD TRANSMITTING DATA

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method of transmitting data to user equipments in a communication network, the method comprising:
receiving a non-acknowledgement message, comprising a difference of preferred matrix indices information, indicating that
a data packet precoded by using a first matrix and transmitted a first time by using a cooperative transmission scheme is
not decoded correctly, where the cooperative transmission scheme is performed by a central unit performing a common signal
precoding wherein a matrix multiplication is performed of all data signals to be transmitted to all cooperating user equipments
with a precoding matrix;

determining a second matrix using the preferred matrix indices information;
preparing a recoded data packet by precoding the data packet using the second matrix, wherein the second matrix is different
from the first matrix, wherein in the preparing of the recoded data packet a scaling factor is taken into account,

wherein the scaling factor is adapted to compensate for the channel evolving between the first transmission and the retransmission,
wherein the scaling factor is determined by SC=Tx(t3)/?W*Hdelayd,

wherein Tx(t3) corresponds to the relative overall transmit power at the time point of transmitting the recoded data packet,

wherein ?W is a difference precoding matrix, calculated by ?W=W(t2)?W(t1),

wherein W(t1) represents the first matrix used for precoding, while W(t2) represents the precoding matrix corresponding to the channel matrix H at the time point of the first transmission,

wherein Hdelay corresponds to the channel matrix at the time (t2) of the first transmission, and d represents the data packets, and

wherein the second matrix is based on a time corrected channel matrix which considers the evolution of the channel over a
time period between calculating the first matrix and the first transmission; and

retransmitting the recoded data packet.

US Pat. No. 9,312,946

GATEWAY FUNCTIONALITY FOR MOBILE RELAY SYSTEM

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
controlling one or more radio access connections at a mobile gateway for at least one station associated with a mobile relay
system, the mobile relay system providing a plurality of access technologies and being served by one or more donor cellular
systems; and

controlling, by the mobile gateway communicating at least with the mobile relay system, address information of communication
on the one or more radio access connections between the at least one station and one or more core network elements associated
with the one or more donor cellular systems.

US Pat. No. 9,247,505

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING POWER OF MOBILE STATION

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method, comprising:
making one or more determinations at a mobile device of path loss for a transmission between said mobile device and a base
station in a first frequency band of a plurality of frequency bands in which the mobile device is configured to make transmissions
to said base station;

receiving at said mobile device path loss estimate information specifying an estimate of the relationship between said path
loss for a transmission between said mobile device and said base station in said first frequency band, and path loss for a
transmission between said mobile device and said base station in a second frequency band of said plurality of frequency bands;
and

determining a transmission power for at least one transmission to said base station in said second frequency band on the basis
of at least said one or more determinations and said path loss estimate information.

US Pat. No. 9,247,554

NETWORK CONTROL TO DIRECT USER DEVICES IN MUTUAL MACHINE-TO-MACHINE COMMUNICATIONS INTO UNLICENSED FREQUENCY BANDS TO DECREASE INTERFERENCE

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

9. An apparatus comprising:
means for defining, by a network node, at least two user device groups, one of the user device groups using a licensed frequency
band and another using an unlicensed frequency band;

means for determining timing advance parameters of user devices; and
means for assigning the user devices into one of the at least two user groups based on comparison of the timing advance parameters
in such a manner that

if a magnitude of differences of timing advance parameters of the user devices having mutual machine-to-machine communications
exceeds a timing advance parameter of at least one user device communicating with the network node, the user devices having
the mutual machine-to-machine communications are directed into the user device group using the unlicensed frequency band for
decreasing interference.

US Pat. No. 9,210,602

INTERFERENCE MEASUREMENT RESOURCE (IMR) SIGNALING AND USE TO SUPPORT INTERFERENCE COORDINATION BETWEEN CELLS

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method, comprising:
receiving, at a first base station and from a second base station using an interface between the first and second base stations,
one or more indications of a configuration of first interference measurement resources in one or more first subframes and
of a configuration of second interference measurement resources in one or more second subframes, wherein the one or more indications
comprise an indication of periodicity resource elements are to be repeated, an indication of offset within an increment of
time comprising multiple subframes, and one or more indications of resource element locations within a subframe;

transmitting by the first base station zero or low power resource elements that coincide with the resource elements belonging
to the first interference measurement resources in the one or more first subframes, even though one or more of the one or
more first subframes are not configured as almost blank subframes; and

transmitting by the first base station full power resource elements that coincide with the resource elements belonging to
the second interference measurement resources in the one or more second subframes, even though one or more of the one or more
first subframes are not configured as almost blank subframes.

US Pat. No. 9,155,012

METHOD, APPARATUS, AND RELATED COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT FOR LOAD BALANCING IN A RELAY NETWORK

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method, comprising:
deciding a handover of a terminal from a relaying source entity to a relaying target entity based on first information related
to:

at least one link between the relaying source entity and a source network access entity, and
at least one link between the relaying target entity and a target network access entity;
wherein the first information comprises link load, link capacity, link congestion, available link residual capacity, link
quality, or any combination thereof; and

wherein, prior to the deciding, transmitting second information related to a link between the terminal and the relaying target
entity, a link between the relaying target entity and the target network access entity, and a link between the relaying source
entity and the source network access entity; and

performing the handover of the terminal from the relaying source entity to the relaying target entity.

US Pat. No. 9,106,626

METHOD, APPARATUS AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT FOR COPYING CONTENT BETWEEN SERVERS

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. A method comprising:
receiving, at a first server, a request to copy content, wherein the request to copy content is received from a client device,
the first server comprises a content sharing server, the request to copy content requests that content from a second server
be provided to said first server, the first server and the second server are separate from the client-side of the client device,
the second server comprises a message storage server, and the request to copy content comprises a hypertext-transfer-protocol
PUT request that includes an indication of a location of the content on the second server;

issuing a content access request from the first server to the second server, wherein the content sharing server is configured
to issue HTTP content access requests; and

receiving said content at said first server in response to the content access request.

US Pat. No. 9,088,397

CARRIER TYPE FOR TIME DIVISION COMMUNICATION

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. A method, comprising:
determining that a split configuration is to be followed, in which at least one system information block configured uplink
subframe is reconfigured as a new carrier type downlink subframe, whereas at least one other system information block configured
subframe is as indicated by system information block configuration; and

applying the determined split configuration to communications with an access point,
wherein hybrid automatic repeat request and scheduling timing applied for split configuration is based on at least one of
timing based on existing configurations derived from an actual split between configured uplink and downlink subframes or a
timing based on reference configuration principle.

US Pat. No. 9,516,671

SHARED HARQ FEEDBACK CHANNELS FOR VIRTUAL GROUPING IN A WIRELESS RELAY NETWORK

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
transmitting a transmission schedule for a downlink data burst to a plurality of relay stations in a wireless network, the
transmission schedule identifying a downlink data channel for downlink transmission of the downlink data burst and a corresponding
uplink shared feedback channel for uplink transmission of an acknowledgment or a negative acknowledgment, the feedback channel
being shared by the plurality of relay stations;

transmitting the downlink data burst to the plurality of relay stations via the downlink data channel; and
receiving the acknowledgment or the negative acknowledgment via the uplink shared feedback channel from at least two of the
plurality of relay stations at approximately a same time and via approximately a same frequency band.

US Pat. No. 9,401,796

CHANNEL QUALITY INDICATOR REPORTING

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
at least one processor; and
at least one memory storing a computer program;
in which the at least one memory with the computer program is configured with the at least one processor to cause the apparatus
to at least:

in response to resuming data transmission/reception upon activation of a serving cell, to enable carrier aggregation, reporting
to a network access node for the serving cell being activated after a certain time period a valid channel quality indication
result if periodic channel quality indication reporting for the serving cell is configured for the apparatus or if an aperiodic
channel quality indication for the serving cell is requested from the network access node, where a minimum requirement is
defined for the certain time period before the valid channel quality indication result is reported, where the valid channel
quality indication result is reported no later than the minimum requirement.

US Pat. No. 9,179,444

COOPERATIVE RELAY SYSTEM

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. An apparatus comprising:
at least one processor and at least one memory including a computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer
program code configured, with the at least one processor, to cause the apparatus at least to:

receive a network identity of a virtual operational network, the virtual operational network having a plurality of donor system
candidates, said virtual operational network being a separated operational network entity and/or service area commonly agreed
and supported by one or multiple available donor systems, and said network identity being unique throughout the involved donor
systems for the entire operation or active time of the virtual operational network;

receive a configuration profile, the configuration profile comprising parameters in relation to resource usage in the virtual
operational network;

select at least one donor node from the donor system candidates; and
indicate the network identity and the configuration profile to the selected at least one donor node in connection with setting
up a backhaul connection to the selected at least one donor node; and

monitor and keep other relay nodes of a group of cooperative relay nodes and/or donor systems updated of available capacity
and/or load status on an access link and/or backhaul link,

wherein the apparatus comprises a relay node belonging to the group of cooperative relay nodes, wherein the group of cooperative
relay nodes is within the virtual operational network, and wherein the virtual operational network is a multi-operator network.

US Pat. No. 9,152,925

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR PREDICTION AND ROOT CAUSE RECOMMENDATIONS OF SERVICE ACCESS QUALITY OF EXPERIENCE ISSUES IN COMMUNICATION NETWORKS

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. A method, comprising:
receiving fault, configuration, administration, performance, and security (FCAPS) data;
receiving session logs;
categorizing, partitioning, and preparing the fault, configuration, administration, performance, and security (FCAPS) data
into an input set and output set configured for generating offline and online prediction, and for providing offline root cause
recommendations of service access quality of experience (QoE) issues;

offline training, evaluating, and validating of a model configured for learning in areas of the service access quality of
experience (QoE) issues, based on the output set; and

utilizing the trained, evaluated, and validated model to execute a prediction function to provide the offline root cause recommendations
for the service access quality of experience (QoE) issues.

US Pat. No. 9,432,096

DUAL CODEWORD RE-TRANSMISSION

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A base station comprising:
at least one processor and at least one memory storing software, wherein the at least one processor and the at least one memory
with the software are configured to cause the base station to at least:

receive a negative acknowledgement signaling from a terminal upon a first transmission comprising a first and a second codeword
to the terminal, said first transmission defining a rank;

provide a temporary codeword for whichever of the first and second codewords that is not associated with the negative acknowledgement
signaling; and

send to the terminal a second transmission comprising a retransmission of whichever of the first and second codewords that
is associated with the negative acknowledgement signaling and the temporary codeword such that the second transmission defines
a same rank as the first transmission, said retransmitted codeword that is associated with the negative acknowledgement signaling
being transmitted with a higher transmit power than the temporary codeword;

wherein the temporary codeword is an empty codeword which cannot be used for performing an associated hybrid automatic repeat
request HARQ process.

US Pat. No. 9,432,914

DEVICE-TO-DEVICE COMMUNICATION

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
selecting, by a node of a mobile communication network supporting device-to-device communication for direct communication
between at least two devices, a channel from a set of channels dedicated for advertising node properties in the mobile communication
network;

wherein the selection is based on at least one of the following: the characteristics of the node and the state of the node;
and

wherein an index or position of the channel within the set of channels is indicative of one or more properties of the node;
and

broadcasting, by the node, of one or more information elements related to one or more properties of the node on the channel.

US Pat. No. 9,413,417

APPARATUS FOR IMPROVING RECEIVER SENSITIVITY IN A COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. An apparatus comprising:
a link to at least one transmission path for conveying a signal to be transmitted;
a link to at least one reception path for conveying a signal being received;
a data capturing unit configured to capture a signaling on a transmission path conveying a signal to be transmitted and on
a reception path conveying a signal being received;

a reference signal generation unit configured to set model parameters related to a distortion effect on the basis of the captured
signaling, the distortion effect being caused by the signal to be transmitted on the signal being received due to passive
intermodulation between the transmission path and the reception path, and to generate a reference signal being related to
a predetermined frequency spectrum part used by the signal being received by applying the model parameters on a captured signaling
on the transmission path; and

a correction unit configured to correct the signal being received by using the generated reference signal.

US Pat. No. 9,247,444

SMALL CELL MOBILITY ENHANCEMENT

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method for mobility management between large and small cells, comprising: in a user equipment:
receiving different first and second procedures for measurement gaps to be applied based on radio access coverage at the user
equipment within a predetermined time duration;

applying at least one procedure for inter-frequency measurements of at least one carrier, wherein the first procedure is applied
using a first set of measurement gaps when a carrier having at least one cell deployed for providing non-continuous coverage
radio access is to be measured and the second procedure is applied using a second set of measurement gaps when a carrier having
at least one cell deployed for providing continuous coverage radio access is to be measured, wherein the inter-frequency measurements
are performed less frequently in the first procedure than in the second procedure; and

performing the inter-frequency measurements according to the first procedure after receiving an indication from a network
to perform the inter-frequency measurement according to the first procedure.

US Pat. No. 9,232,530

MANAGING A RADIO TRANSMISSION BETWEEN A BASE STATION AND A USER EQUIPMENT

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method for managing a radio transmission in a cellular network between a base station and a user equipment, wherein a
communication channel is used for the radio transmission, wherein the communication channel comprises a plurality of channel
resources and is based on a multiple input multiple output transmission scheme, the method comprising
dividing the plurality of channel resources into a set of channel resource regions based on a frequency and/or time domain
pattern,

assigning a multiple input multiple output rank to each channel resource region, wherein the multiple input multiple output
rank is indicative for a number of channel resources to be used for a radio transmission within a corresponding channel resource
region,

selecting a channel resource region for the radio transmission between the base station and the user equipment, and
managing the radio transmission between the base station and the user equipment based on the selected channel resource region
and the corresponding assigned multiple input multiple output rank, wherein the base station uses the same frequency and/or
time domain pattern as a neighboring base station such that a given channel resource region is assigned the same multiple
input multiple output rank by the base station as the neighboring base station based on the same frequency and/or time domain
pattern.

US Pat. No. 9,185,661

PERFORMING POWER CONTROL BASED ON NOMINAL PACKET SIZE

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
determining a maximum required signal-to-interference plus noise ratio for a nominal packet size of a received data signal,
wherein the maximum required signal-to-interference plus noise ratio corresponds to a quantity of physical resource blocks
used for the nominal packet size of the data signal;

determining a plurality of respective maximum required signal-to-interference plus noise ratios for each of a plurality of
corresponding nominal packet sizes of a data signal, wherein each of the plurality of maximum signal-to-interference plus
noise ratios corresponds to a quantity of physical resource blocks used for the corresponding nominal packet size of the data
signal;

comparing a received signal-to-interference plus noise ratio of the received data signal with the maximum required signal-to-interference
plus noise ratio; and

in response to the received signal-to-interference plus noise ratio exceeding the maximum required signal-to-interference
plus noise ratio, issuing a power down command to a user equipment.

US Pat. No. 9,509,725

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR INDICATING A TYPE OF A NETWORK INTERFACE

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. An apparatus in a second network, the apparatus comprising:
a receiver configured to receive, as part of a call setup related signalling from a first network, an indication indicating
a type of a network interface between the first network and the second network with respect to the call setup signalling,
wherein the indication is received during set up of a communication session through the first network and the second network;
and

a processor configured to process the communication session based on the type of the network interface,
wherein the network interface comprises an inter-IMS network to network interface (II-NNI), and
wherein the indication of the type of network interface, indicates one of:
call setup over interface from a visited network (V-PLMN A) of a calling user to a home network (H-PLMN A) of the calling
user,

call setup over interface from a home network (H-PLMN A) of a calling user to a visited network (V-PLMN A) of the calling
user, with loopback,

call setup over interface from a home network (H-PLMN A) of a calling user to a home network (H-PLMN B) of a called user,
call setup over interface from a visited network (V-PLMN A) of a calling user to a home network (H-PLMN B) of a called user,
call setup over interface from a home network (H-PLMN B) of a called user to a visited network (V-PLMN B) of the called user,
call setup over interface from a session control node (S-CSCF A/AS A) controlling a calling user to a media resource function
(MRF A), or

setup over interface from a media resource function (MRF A) to a session control node (S-CSCF A/AS A).

US Pat. No. 9,326,167

RADIO LINK FAILURE REPORT FILTERING

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. A method for collecting radio link failure data in a wireless network, the method comprising:
receiving, by a first radio access node, radio link failure data related to a connection failure experienced by a user equipment
on a radio link between the user equipment and a radio access node;

determining, using information contained in the radio link failure data, whether the radio link failure data satisfies at
least one filtering condition wherein the at least one filtering condition comprises at least one of: a presence of detailed
location information in the radio link failure report, a protocol release version of the radio link failure report, a signal
strength of non-serving cells above/below a threshold, a carrier frequency of a last serving cell, PLMN or TAI of the last
serving cell, a specific attribute of the radio link failure report is above/below a threshold, and

when it is determined that the radio link failure data satisfies the at least one filtering condition, sending the radio link
failure data to at least one of a second radio access node and a radio link failure data collection entity.

US Pat. No. 9,226,158

SECURITY OF USER PLANE TRAFFIC BETWEEN RELAY NODE AND RADIO ACCESS NETWORK

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. An apparatus comprising:
a processor configured to determine that a dedicated bearer is to be created for a specific type of traffic which is to be
transmitted on a data radio bearer to be created between a relay node, which is wirelessly connected to a radio-access network
via a donor cell, and a donor node of the donor cell, and to include a parameter into a message requesting creation of the
dedicated bearer, wherein the parameter indicates that the dedicated bearer is required for integrity protection or that the
dedicated bearer is used to carry the specific type of traffic.

US Pat. No. 9,288,765

SCALING TRANSMIT POWER IN MULTI-ANTENNA WIRELESS SYSTEMS

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A transmitting device comprising:
at least two output ports, each output port being associated with an antenna;
at least one data processor configured with instructions stored on a computer-readable memory to provide a power signal set
having at least two power signal components, each power signal component being associated with one of the at least two output
ports and being indicative of a power portion to be provided to its associated antenna for generating a wireless transmission
to a receiving device; and

a power adjustment unit for scaling the power signal components of the power signal set, thereby providing a scaled power
signal set;
wherein each of the power signal components corresponds to a communication channel between the transmitting device and the
receiving device, andthe power adjustment unit is configured to scale the power signal set depending on a channel state of the communication channels
corresponding to the power signal components of the power signal set.

US Pat. No. 9,203,588

CHANNELIZATION PROCEDURE FOR IMPLEMENTING PERSISTENT ACK/NACKK AND SCHEDULING REQUEST

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:
receiving a configuration for a common logical resource space comprised of a plurality of time-frequency resources and code
resources, wherein the common logical resource space is split within physical resource blocks and thereby comprises a first
portion for a first type of signaling and a second portion for a second type of signaling, said first portion and said second
portion partially overlapping, and said second portion being at the end of the configured common logical resource space, wherein
the first type of signaling comprises at least one of persistent acknowledgement signaling and scheduling request signaling,
wherein the second type of signaling comprises dynamic acknowledgement signaling, and wherein the first type of signaling
and the second type of signaling share a common, staggered channelization structure;

receiving an allocation of resources of the common logical resource space for the at least one of persistent acknowledgment
signaling and scheduling request signaling, based on the configuration of the common logical resource space;

receiving a signal of the space indicative of the first portion; and
determining a location of the beginning of the second portion from the space of the first portion,
wherein a resource index for the first type of signaling is received explicitly via higher layer signaling or radio resource
control signaling.