US Pat. No. 9,363,864

APPARATUS, METHOD, AND SYSTEM FOR EVENT AND BACKUP LIGHTING

Musco Corporation, Oskal...

1. A method of large area lighting for a lighting application comprising:
a. providing illumination from an electrically-powered lighting system at a first level;
b. upon a power interruption to the lighting system providing:
i. a substantially instantaneous, uninterrupted lighting at or near the first level for a first duration in the range of a
few seconds to minutes;

ii. a non-instantaneous transition from lighting at or near the first level to lighting at a second level which is lower than
the first level for a second duration which is longer that the first duration;

c. if the power interruption ceases providing:
i. lighting at the first level; or
ii. lighting at a level other than the first level;
d. if the power interruption continues providing;
i. lighting at the second level for an additional duration; or
ii. lighting at a third level lower than the second level; or
iii. shut down of lighting.

US Pat. No. 9,144,141

APPARATUS, METHOD, AND SYSTEM FOR MONITORING AND MAINTAINING LIGHT LEVELS AT TARGET AREA FOR LIGHTING SYSTEM

Musco Corporation, Oskal...

1. A method of sensing lumen depreciation from a light source and a lighting fixture comprising:
a. sensing light quantity produced by the light fixture externally of the lighting fixture at a reference time;
b. sensing light quantity produced by the light fixture externally of the lighting fixture at a different time;
c. comparing the sensed light quantities of steps a. and b. and generating a signal if the comparison indicates an offset
greater than a predetermined amount.

US Pat. No. 9,402,292

PROVIDING, MEASURING AND DEMONSTRATING HIGHLY EFFECTIVE UPLIGHTING

Musco Corporation, Oskal...

1. A method for providing illuminating light for improved visibility or reflectivity of objects in a space having surrounding
areas or space comprising:
a. providing a lighting system including a plurality of light sources for providing illumination in the space;
b. adjusting or setting spectral distribution from at least some of the light sources according to spectral reflectance characteristics
of at least one of the objects and the spectral power distribution and luminance of a surrounding area or space to improve
visibility or reflectivity of the object in contrast to the surrounding area or space.

US Pat. No. 9,068,707

COMPACT LED LIGHT SOURCE AND LIGHTING SYSTEM

Musco Corporation, Oskal...

1. A compact LED light source module mounted to a surface and adapted to produce a composite light output pattern of defined
shape and size comprising:
a. a thermally conductive base having at least four planar faces of different pre designed orientation relative the surface;
b. a thermally conductive substrate having at least four planar faces configured to correspond to the planar faces of the
thermally conductive base;

c. one or more LEDs mounted to each planar face of the substrate, each LED producing an initial light output pattern projected
outwardly from the surface at the pre-designed orientation of the planar face to which it is mounted;

d. a light transmissive cover encapsulating the LEDs, the light transmissive cover designed to modify at least one of the
initial light output patterns;

e. the compact LED light source module pivotable relative the surface such that by selective design of the light transmissive
cover and pivoting of the module said composite light output pattern of defined shape and size is produced; and

f. wherein the compact module is installed in a bollard post.

US Pat. No. 9,480,121

APPARATUS, METHOD, AND SYSTEM FOR LED FIXTURE TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT, CONTROL, AND CALIBRATION

Musco Corporation, Oskal...

1. A method of operating series-connected solid state light sources powered by a power source capable of adjusting current
applied to the series-connected lights comprising:
a. instructing the power source to alter current to the series-connected lights based on:
i. comparing light source current and voltage to a reference;
ii. the reference based on a previous characterization of the voltage versus current versus temperature of the light sources;
b. wherein instructing the power source to alter current is based on deriving temperature of the solid state light sources,
c. wherein the step of deriving temperature of the solid state light sources is based on current and voltage of the light
sources measured at a point in the power line wires between the light sources and the driver or power supply;

d. wherein the measurement of voltage comprises total light source voltage for the series-connected light source/driver or
power supply circuit; and

e. wherein the total light source voltage is processed by:
i. dividing the voltage measurement by 2n, where n is the number of light sources in the series-connected circuit, to present
a voltage value of ½ of the series-connected light sources;

ii. summing the voltage-divided value with a pre-determined calibration value to compute a nominal light source temperature-independent
operating voltage value, to present a voltage value which is proportional to a junction temperature offset from a reference
temperature;

iii. amplifying the voltage value according to a pre-determined gain;
iv. utilizing the resultant amplified voltage value to set light source current values in the step of instructing the current-controlled
driver or power source operation as operating junction temperature limits are approached.

US Pat. No. 9,107,263

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR BYPASSING FAILED LEDS IN LIGHTING ARRAYS

MUSCO CORPORATION, Oskal...

1. A method for operating a solid state light source which receives current from a current-controlled source having an available
unloaded voltage along a primary current path comprising:
a. providing an alternate current path around the solid state light source;
b. holding the alternative current path inactive over a range of ambient temperatures and operating conditions so long as
a condition indicative of an open solid state light source failure is not sensed;

c. activating the alternate current path upon detecting a condition indicative of an open solid state light source failure,
and setting a triggering voltage associated with the condition without requiring the trigger voltage for the alternate current
path needed over the temperature range to exceed the available unloaded voltage of the source.

US Pat. No. 9,706,622

SPORTS LIGHTING TO INCREASE CONTRAST OF AN AERIAL SPORTS OBJECT RELATIVE TO BACKGROUND

Musco Corporation, Oskal...

1. A method for improving visibility of an aerial sports object at a sports field against a sky background comprising:
providing downlighting with elevated downlighting fixtures to a ground zone comprising the sports field and a space above
the sports field but below the elevated lighting fixtures, the downlighting fixtures comprising light sources and light redirecting
components that:

provide some direct light to the ground zone;
provide redirected light to the ground zone;
substantially completely cut off light outside the ground zone to reduce or eliminate spill light outside the ground zone;
substantially reduce glare to viewers of the downlighting fixtures both at or outside the sports field;
providing uplighting with elevated uplighting fixtures to one or more areas of a sky zone above the ground zone at a time
and in a manner which increases the visibility of the aerial sports objects against the sky background, the uplighting fixtures
comprising light sources and light redirecting components that:

provide some direct light to the sky zone;
provide redirected light to the sky zone;
substantially reduce glare to viewers of the uplighting fixtures both at or outside the sports field; and
wherein the time of uplighting is correlated to luminance of the sky background; and
wherein the manner of uplighting is correlated to one or more characteristics of the provided uplighting.

US Pat. No. 9,435,517

APPARATUS, METHOD, AND SYSTEM FOR INDEPENDENT AIMING AND CUTOFF STEPS IN ILLUMINATING A TARGET AREA

Musco Corporation, Oskal...

1. A method of illuminating a target area with a composite beam pattern comprising:
a. defining one or more mounting locations for one or more lighting fixtures relative the target area, each lighting fixture
producing an initial beam output from one or more lighting modules mounted thereto;

b. allocating one or more portions of the composite beam pattern to each of said lighting modules; and
c. modifying the initial beam output of one or more lighting fixtures so to illuminate its allocated portion of the composite
beam, wherein the modification comprises:

i. adjusting the lighting fixture or at least one lighting module of a lighting fixture relative its mounting location; and
ii. adjusting a portion of the lighting module relative to and independently of another portion of the lighting module;
d. such that each initial beam output and modified initial beam output of each lighting fixture collectively produce the composite
beam pattern.

US Pat. No. 9,807,839

INTERMITTENT OVERDRIVE FOR SPORTS LIGHTING

Musco Corporation, Oskal...

4. A method of wide area lighting comprising:
a. selecting lighting system components including lighting fixtures each with plural LED sources, elevating structure for
the lighting fixtures, and power circuits to supply operating power to the LED sources;

b. determining predicted operating performance for the light sources over a range of operating power and cumulative operating
time including:

i. individual light source life expectancy; and
ii. individual light source light output;
c. estimating a lighting system life expectancy;
d. installing the lighting system at a target area; and
e. operating the lighting system at different times at higher and lower operating powers estimated from the determined predicted
operation performance for the light sources to:

i. provide higher and lower individual light source light outputs for higher and lower lighting system composite light levels
at the target area; and

ii. provide individual light source life expectancy on the order of lighting system life expectancy;
f. where the step of selecting lighting fixtures each with plural LED sources comprises:
i. estimating a number of LEDs needed to light said target area to a first illumination level at a first defined operating
power and a first defined operating time;

ii. estimating a number of LEDs needed to light said target area to a second illumination level higher than said first illumination
level at a defined second operating power higher than the first defined operating power, and at a second defined operating
time lower than the first defined operating time; and

iii. designing said lighting fixtures to include a number of LEDs commensurate with the larger estimation.

US Pat. No. 9,581,303

COMPACT AND ADJUSTABLE LED LIGHTING APPARATUS, AND METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR OPERATING SUCH LONG-TERM

Musco Corporation, Oskal...

1. A lighting system for projecting light so to produce a customized beam output pattern at, near, or on a target area, the
customized beam output pattern comprising one or more individual beam patterns, and comprising:
a. a pole or other elevating structure;
b. a lighting fixture having an internal space and structure in said internal space for receiving one or more lighting modules,
each lighting module comprising:

i. one or more LED light sources;
ii. a lens having a light emitting surface and a source adjacent surface;
iii. a housing having an aperture for receiving the lens such that the source adjacent surface of the lens encapsulates the
one or more light sources, said housing having structure to permit pivoting of the lens once received in the aperture;

iv. a visor mountable to the housing and having;
v. an aperture for transmitting a portion of the light from the light emitting surface of the lens;
vi. a reflective surface for redirecting a portion of the light from the light emitting surface of the lens; and
vii. a shape designed to block a portion of the light from the light emitting surface of the lens at predefined angles;
c. an adjustable armature having a first end affixed to the pole or other elevating structure, a second end affixed to the
lighting fixture, and an adjustable portion connecting the first and second ends adapted to provide pivoting of the lighting
fixture in two axes relative the pole or other elevating structure;

d. one or more power regulating components adapted to provide plural power levels to the one or more lighting modules;
e. the one or more lighting modules adapted to produce the one or more individual beam patterns via selection of one or more
of:

i. quantity of or model of LED light source;
ii. design of visor;
iii. design of lens;
iv. shape, size, or nature of reflective surface; and
v. diffuser;
f. a pivot joint having a first end affixed to the structure in the internal space of the lighting fixture, a second end affixed
to the one or more lighting modules, an adjustable portion connecting the first and second ends adapted to provide pivoting
of the one or more lighting modules affixed to the second end about a first pivot axis relative the lighting fixture; and
a fastening device adapted to both positionally affix the adjustable portion at an adjusted position and provide pivoting
of the one or more lighting modules affixed to the second end about a second pivot axis relative the lighting fixture;

g. wherein said structure in the internal space of the lighting fixture comprises one or more spaced apart bars adapted to
create rows of lighting modules when they are received in the lighting fixture wherein said rows are stacked so to produce
at least one row of lighting modules in a higher position than another row of lighting modules.

US Pat. No. 9,781,780

APPARATUS, METHOD, AND SYSTEM FOR GALVANICALLY ISOLATED CONTROL AND MONITORING OF LED DRIVERS

Musco Corporation, Oskal...

1. A system for LED lighting comprising:
a. plural LED drivers and associated LED fixtures;
b. a main controller; and
c. plural galvanically isolated interface channels so that isolation exists between individual LED drivers and individual
LED drivers and the main controller.

US Pat. No. 9,839,093

SELF-HEALING OVERTEMP CIRCUITS IN LED LIGHTING SYSTEMS

Musco Corporation, Oskal...

1. A method of reestablishing power to an electrical load in an electrical systemafter a thermal runaway event comprising:
a. detecting the thermal runaway event;
b. removing power to the electrical load;
c. sensing temperature and at least one other output of a component of the electrical system;
d. reestablishing power to the electrical load in a controlled fashion after both the sensed temperature and the at least
one other output are below predefined thresholds.

US Pat. No. 9,786,251

APPARATUS, METHOD, AND SYSTEM FOR VISUALLY INDICATING PERCEIVED GLARE THRESHOLDS

Musco Corporation, Oskal...

1. A method of visualizing glare in an existing lighting system based on user perception comprising:
a. producing a digital image of at least a portion of the lighting system at a selectable dynamic range with a photographic
imaging device having variable aperture and shutter speed settings and adapted to measure luminance;

b. defining one or more glare thresholds based, at least in part, on the selected dynamic range, said glare thresholds indicating
severity of perceived glare and wherein at least one of said one or more glare thresholds indicates discomfort glare;

c. assigning one or more colors or other indicia to different portions of the dynamic range in accordance with the one or
more glare thresholds;

d. displaying the digital image on a display;
e. modifying the pixels of the digital image to produce an overlay such that:
i. corresponding pixels of measured luminances below the selected dynamic range are colored or otherwise visually indicated
as separate from the lighting system;

ii. corresponding pixels of measured luminances above the selected dynamic range are colored or otherwise visually indicated
as exceeding the most severe glare threshold; and

iii. corresponding pixels of measured luminances within the selected dynamic range are colored or otherwise visually indicated
in accordance with the one or more glare thresholds; and

f. modifying the portion of the overlay corresponding to luminances within the selected dynamic ranges based on user evaluation.

US Pat. No. 9,066,401

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR COMPENSATING FOR REDUCED LIGHT OUTPUT OF A SOLID-STATE LIGHT SOURCE HAVING A LUMEN DEPRECIATION CHARACTERISTIC OVER ITS OPERATIONAL LIFE

Musco Corporation, Oskal...

1. A method for compensating for loss in light output of an LED adapted to illuminate a target area comprising:
a. characterizing a lumen depreciation characteristic of said LED from (i) empirical testing, (ii) a priori knowledge, (iii)
manufacturing data, or some combination of (i)-(iii);

b. monitoring illumination at the target area when power is provided to the LED;
c. generating a signal when monitored illumination drops below a predetermined threshold; and
d. increasing power provided to the LED by a predetermined increment based, at least in part, on the lumen depreciation characteristic
of the LED.

US Pat. No. 9,756,693

SELF-HEALING OVERTEMP CIRCUITS IN LED LIGHTING SYSTEMS

Musco Corporation, Oskal...

1. A method of reducing and reestablishing power to an array of LED lighting fixtures powered by one or more drivers comprising:
a. detecting a first temperature at one LED lighting fixture of the array of LED lighting fixtures;
b. reducing power to the array of LED lighting fixtures upon detection of said first temperature;
c. reestablishing power to the array of LED lighting fixtures upon detection of a second temperature, wherein said second
temperature is lower than said first temperature.

US Pat. No. 9,631,795

APPARATUS, METHOD, AND SYSTEM FOR INDEPENDENT AIMING AND CUTOFF STEPS IN ILLUMINATING A TARGET AREA

Musco Corporation, Oskal...

1. A lighting system designed to illuminate a target area comprising a sports field according to a composite beam pattern
including a first portion at the target area and a second portion above the target area comprising:
a. a plurality of lighting fixtures each having a light output wherein the light output from each fixture contributes to either
or both portions of the composite beam pattern, each lighting fixture comprising:

i. a housing having a first end, a second end, a length of body therebetween, an internal space in the body between the first
and second ends, and an opening in the body into the internal space;

ii. a plurality of heat fins extending along and parallel to the length of the body;
iii. a light transmissive device sealed against the opening in the body;
iv. one or more light sources mounted within the internal space of the body of the housing nearest the first end and at a
predetermined angle relative the light transmissive device, each light source producing a light output;

v. one or more reflective devices mounted within the internal space of the body of the housing at a predetermined angle relative
the light transmissive device and adapted to redirect the light output of the light sources; and

vi. a pivoting device adapted to pivot one or more reflective devices mounted at the second end of the body outside the internal
space about an axis extending transversely through the body of the fixture and nearer the second end of the fixture than the
first end;

b. one or more elevating structures, each elevating structure comprising a pole having a base end, a top end, and a length
therebetween; and

c. as plurality of adjustable armatures adapted to pivotably affix the lighting fixtures to the elevating structure wherein:
i. a first subset of adjustable armatures near the top end of the one or more elevating structures is adapted to pivotably
affix a first subset of lighting fixtures such that the one or more light sources therein are directed generally towards the
target area;

ii. a second subset of adjustable armatures near the base end of the one or more elevating structures is adapted to pivotably
affix a second subset of lighting fixtures such that the one or more light sources therein are directed generally away from
the target area;

iii. such that the first subset of lighting fixtures contribute to the first portion of the composite beam pattern from a
position near the top of the elevating structure and the second subset of lighting fixtures contribute to the second portion
of the composite beam pattern from a position near the base of the elevating structure.

US Pat. No. 9,568,172

APPARATUS, SYSTEM, AND METHOD FOR AIMING LED MODULES

Musco Corporation, Oskal...

1. A method for aiming LED modules, each LED module mounted in a mounting frame which is adapted to be installed into a lighting
fixture which is adapted to be installed and operated to provide illumination to a target area at a site, which allows a plurality
of individual LED modules to be aimed with respect to one or more axes and in reference to pre-determined aiming points correlated
to the target area comprising:
a. identifying a first set of the LED modules;
b. attaching a first LED module of the first set of LED modules to a specific position in a first said mounting frame; and
c. attaching the first mounting frame with the first attached LED module to an aiming fixture which (i) projects one or more
laser reference lines to an aiming surface and (ii) positions the first mounting frame with reference to a desired angle between
the first LED module and the aiming surface to assist in aiming the first module in reference to one of the pre-determined
aiming points;

d. attaching each of the other LED modules of the first set of LED modules sequentially to a specific position in the first
said mounting frame attached to aiming fixture which (i) projects one or more laser reference lines to the aiming surface
and (ii) positions the first mounting frame with reference to a desired angle between each said other LED module and the aiming
surface to assist in aiming each said other LED module in reference to a pre-determined aiming point;

e. repeating steps a. to d. for one or more additional mounting frames adapted to be installed into the same lighting fixture
as the first mounting frame and first set of LED modules, each additional mounting frame including an additional set of LED
modules;

f. so that each set of the LED modules for each mounting frame is pre-aimed in reference to the same said lighting fixture
and the pre-determined aiming points so that when the lighting fixture is installed at the site, each said LED module on whatever
said LED mounting frame in the fixture is pre-aimed relative the target area at the site.

US Pat. No. 9,964,267

APPARATUS, METHOD, AND SYSTEM FOR TILTED POLE TOP FITTER

Musco Corporation, Oskal...

1. An apparatus for preventing uncontrolled uplight or localized glare in an array of elevated lighting fixtures designed to light a target area comprising:a. a pole having a length, a top, a front side generally proximate the target area, a back side generally opposite the front side and distal the target area, and generally opposing sides;
b. a fitter having a first and second end and affixed to the pole at or near the top of the pole at a pre-determined angle relative the length of the pole such that the ends are at two different elevations from one another, wherein the first end is proximate the front side of the pole and the second end is proximate the back side of the pole;
c. a first cross-arm affixed to the first end of the fitter and a second cross-arm affixed to the second end of the titter such that the first and second cross-arms are at different elevations from one another and on opposite sides of the pole;
d. one or more lighting fixtures producing a light output and affixed to the first and second cross-arms such that the light output from one lighting fixture does not (i) interact with any other lighting fixture and produce uncontrolled uptight or (ii) strike the pole and produce localized glare.

US Pat. No. 9,363,441

APPARATUS, SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR TRACKING SUBJECT WITH STILL OR VIDEO CAMERA

Musco Corporation, Oskal...

1. A method for a spectator to record by photograph or video a moving person or object in a live event at substantially any
sports event location while being able to watch substantially continuously the moving person or object and/or event comprising:
a. positioning a camera (still or video) relative to the event location so that its aiming direction is generally towards
the event location and its field of view can capture at least a substantial portion of the event location;

b. positioning the spectator to have a direct view of the event location with a control device having a display for presenting
the camera field of view to the spectator and a user-actuated control for indicating any position on the display; and

c. communicating change of aiming direction, zoom, or field of view instructions to the camera via correlative touch and feel
control of the control device by the spectator which:

i. does not materially disrupt or obstruct the spectator's view of the event; and
ii. tracks live movement of an individual sports player moving in the event location by the spectator operating the control
to generally indicate on the display relative position or direction of movement of the moving person or object in the event
location and bases the instructions of such tracking;

d. so that the spectator can substantially continuously view the live event with only occasional visual reference to the control
device.

US Pat. No. 10,199,712

APPARATUS, METHOD, AND SYSTEM FOR FACTORY WIRING AND/OR AIMING OF DEVICES ON DUAL PURPOSE MONOPOLES

Musco Corporation, Oskal...

1. A system for elevating an assembly of disparate pre-wired, pre-aimed components comprising:a. a base;
b. an elevating structure providing a reference axis and having an internal space, at least a portion of the elevating structure slipfittable onto the base to allow rotation of the elevating structure relative to the base;
c. mounting structure to mount the assembly in a known relationship to the elevating structure such that the mounting structure can be mounted in an accurate relationship to the reference axis of the elevating structure but have rotational adjustability around that axis comprising:
i. an annular plate having a plurality of openings or slots relative to the elevating structure so to (i) limit adjustment of the assembly relative to the elevating structure to a predefined rotation and (ii) permit routing of wiring into and along the internal space of the elevating structure;
d. a device to confirm correct rotational position of the elevating structure when slip-fit onto the base comprising a first laser aimed towards a target area; and
e. a device to confirm correct rotational position of the assembly relative to the reference axis when mounted comprising a second laser aimed towards a feature other than the target area or indicia on said plate.

US Pat. No. 9,955,540

LOW CURRENT LED FIXTURE INTERNAL AUXILIARY POWER SUPPLY

Musco Corporation, Oskal...

1. A power supply for LED lighting requiring very low operating current for one or more non-lighting functions comprising:a. an input section connectable to a highly variable voltage input;
b. an output section that is capable of supplying one or more low DC voltage low current outputs from the highly variable voltage input;
c. wherein the highly variable voltage input can be at levels significantly below, inclusive of, and significantly above standard mains power.

US Pat. No. 9,951,929

APPARATUS, METHOD, AND SYSTEM FOR INDEPENDENT AIMING AND CUTOFF STEPS IN ILLUMINATING A TARGET AREA

Musco Corporation, Oskal...

1. A method of illuminating a target area according to a composite beam pattern comprising:a. identifying one or more factors related to the target area;
b. developing a plurality of individual beam patterns which, when assembled, approximates the composite beam pattern;
c. developing a lighting system comprising a plurality of lighting fixtures each of which produces an output from a plurality of light sources contained therein and which contributes to at least one individual beam pattern and comprises:
i. said plurality of light sources pivotable about at least one axis;
ii. one or more light directing means associated with said plurality of light sources and contained within said lighting fixture and pivotable about at least one axis;
iii. one or more light redirecting means associated with said plurality of light sources and contained within said lighting fixture to provide a first step of redirection of said output from within the lighting fixture; and
iv. one or more light redirecting means associated with said plurality of light source but not contained within said lighting fixture and pivotable about at least one axis and independently pivotable of said light directing means to provide a second step of redirection of said output from outside the lighting fixture; and
d. installing the lighting system at the target area so to produce the composite beam pattern including first and second light redirecting steps.

US Pat. No. 9,970,645

APPARATUS, METHOD, AND SYSTEM FOR LIGHTING FIXTURE COOLING

Musco Corporation, Oskal...

1. A method of increasing lumen output of a light-emitting diode (LED) wide-area lighting system comprising:a. elevating one or more LED fixtures on an elevating structure;
b. mounting a source of pressurized air at or near the elevating structure and below the lighting fixtures;
c. providing an airflow pathway between the source of pressurized air and one or more of the elevated LED fixtures; and
d. distributing air at a predefined flow rate to said one or more fixtures from the pressurized source through the pathway so to produce a desired cooling effect, wherein said desired cooling effect is correlated to an increase in lumen output.

US Pat. No. 10,201,056

VARYING COLOR OF LED LIGHT USING METAMERS

Musco Corporation, Oskal...

1. A method for illumination of a target by changing a spectral makeup of light from a plurality of light fixtures for desired lighting effects without changing CCT comprising:a. identifying a preferred color or a maximized brightness perception on an area or object related to the target;
b. installing a plurality of light fixtures relative the target to provide illumination of the target wherein each of the light fixtures includes a plurality of solid state light sources each of which contribute to a portion of the illumination of the target;
c. changing the spectral makeup of the solid state light sources to produce increased light of a wavelength that increases human perception of the identified color or maximum brightness perception; and
d. further changing the spectral makeup of the solid state light sources to produce increased light of a wavelength that does not increase human perception of the identified color or maximum brightness perception but preserves CCT;
e. such that desired lighting effects are provided without changing CCT of the illumination.

US Pat. No. 10,347,979

APPARATUS, METHOD, AND SYSTEM FOR RF-TRANSMISSIVE ACCESS PANELS FOR ELEVATED AND SHROUDED MOBILE NETWORK COMPONENTS

Musco Corporation, Oskal...

1. A shroud for accessing one or more elevated electrically powered mobile network components each of which transmits and/or receives signals comprising:a. a rigid framework at least partially surrounding the elevated mobile network components and having an opening for each of the one or more elevated mobile network components;
b. a panel at each opening in the framework and formed from a material which transmits said signals; and
c. a hinge assembly affixing each panel to the framework at each opening such that each panel may be pivoted away from the framework and allow access to the one or more elevated electrically powered mobile network components.

US Pat. No. 10,212,766

LIGHTING OPTIMIZED FOR MELANOPIC VISION

Musco Corporation, Oskal...

1. An LED lighting fixture capable of providing illumination at a desired brightness and correlated color temperature (CCT) comprising:a. a thermally conductive housing;
b. one or more subsets of LEDs contained in the thermally conductive housing;
c. a first subset of said LEDs in said housing having a first melanopic content and spectral power distribution (SPD) at the CCT;
d. a second subset of said LEDs in said housing having a second melanopic content and SPD at the CCT; and
e. electrical means to power said LEDs wherein said electrical means comprises:
i. input power means;
ii. a controller programmed with a power profile; and
iii. output power means adapted to deliver power to the LEDs according to the power profile;
f. wherein the power profile comprises:
i. an equivalent perceived brightness calculation between the first and second subsets of LEDs;
ii. a first current value for the first subset of LEDs and a second current value for the second subset of LEDs; and
iii. a calculation to modify the first and second current values to maintain perceived brightness over a range of operating conditions of the lighting fixture.

US Pat. No. 10,344,948

GLARE CONTROL, HORIZONTAL BEAM CONTAINMENT, AND CONTROLS IN COST-EFFECTIVE LED LIGHTING SYSTEM RETROFITS AND OTHER APPLICATIONS

Musco Corporation, Oskal...

1. A method of providing improved glare control and horizontal beam containment or control functionality of a lighting fixture having a plurality of light sources comprising:a. defining a footprint, desired vertical cutoff, and one or more light source requirements of the lighting fixture;
b. defining a communication protocol and a desired lighting effect of the lighting fixture;
c. installing a visor of a size that fits within said footprint on the lighting fixture to achieve said desired vertical cutoff;
d. installing a reflective device on said visor to eliminate direct viewing of the plurality of light sources and reduce onsite glare or improve playability;
e. installing one or more light absorbing devices on the visor or lighting fixture to (i) absorb light from the plurality of light sources to improve horizontal containment while (ii) meeting the one or more light source requirements;
f. installing a control device to provide the desired lighting effect when electrically connected to the lighting fixture and instructed by a controller; and
g. installing communication means to improve control functionality by translating the instructions from the controller to a control command for the control device using said communication protocol.

US Pat. No. 10,549,384

APPARATUS, METHOD, AND SYSTEM FOR LASER WELDING HEAT SINK FINS IN OUTDOOR LIGHTING FIXTURES

Musco Corporation, Oskal...

1. A finned heat sink on an LED lighting fixture made by the process of:a. providing an LED lighting fixture having one or more LEDs and a base with a surface adapted for joining one or more metal heat sink fins by welding;
b. applying pressure to the base to prevent movement during welding;
c. selecting a set of metal fins for the given said base, the metal composition of the base and the fins being pre-selected to promote full penetration and a continuous thermal transfer path from the LEDs to the fin via the base after welding;
d. positioning a fin from the set of fins at the surface of the base;
e. welding the fin to the base, the welding comprising:
i. laser welding; and
ii. at controlled operating parameters;
iii. to promote full penetration and continuous thermal transfer path between the base and the fin for the said pre-selected metal compositions.

US Pat. No. 10,330,284

APPARATUS, METHOD, AND SYSTEM FOR A MULTI-PART VISORING AND OPTIC SYSTEM FOR ENHANCED BEAM CONTROL

Musco Corporation, Oskal...

1. A lighting fixture for precision lighting comprising:a. a housing comprising:
i. an interior space;
ii. an opening;
iii. a light transmissive material over the opening to at least substantially seal the interior space;
b. internal light control in the interior space of the housing comprising:
i. an array of densely packed LED light sources mounted on an LED mounting substrate having a substantially planar surface;
ii. an optic on each LED light source to produce a preliminary light output beam pattern from individual light source output beam patterns wherein the optic comprises:
1. an emitting face formed from a substantially thin sheet of optical quality silicone-based material; and
2. a holder to removably clamp and closely position the sheet over a subset of the LED light sources;
iii. an internal visor at or near at least some of the LED light sources to selectively redirect a portion of the preliminary light output beam patterns;
iv. so that a composite light output is directed out of the opening and light transmissive material of the housing from the plurality of individual redirected LED light sources outputs;
c. external light control on the housing outside the interior space comprising:
i. an external visor at or near the opening having:
1. at least a first surface that is extendable at least partially into the composite light output from the housing and has selectable:
a. reflectivity to control incident light from the composite light output;
b. pivotability relative to the housing to selectively adjust cutoff of the composite light output from the housing;
2. at least a second surface outside the composite light output from the housing; and
d. an adjustable armature to selectively aim the housing in space so to collectively provide precision lighting.

US Pat. No. 10,378,732

APPARATUS, METHOD, AND SYSTEM FOR PRECISE LED LIGHTING

Musco Corporation, Oskal...

1. An LED lighting fixture comprising:a. a lighting fixture housing having an emitting face defined by an opening in the lighting fixture housing into an internal space in the lighting fixture housing;
b. a thermally conductive surface in the internal space in the lighting fixture housing;
c. a plurality of LEDs mounted to the thermally conductive surface in the internal space in the lighting fixture housing, each LED having a beam output;
d. a silicone secondary lens device having a plurality of integrally formed secondary lenses each of which encapsulates one or more of the LEDs mounted to the thermally conductive surface in the internal space in the lighting fixture housing and a plurality of apertures; and
e. a secondary lens holder having a plurality of pegs inserted through the plurality of apertures in the silicone secondary lens device and heat staked in situ to resiliently hold the silicone secondary lens device in a position that prevents distortion of the LED beam outputs when the silicone secondary lens device thermally expands and contracts.

US Pat. No. 10,536,671

APPARATUS, SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR TRACKING SUBJECT WITH STILL OR VIDEO CAMERA

Musco Corporation, Oskal...

1. A system for a user to record by video action at an event at an event location while being able to watch substantially continuously the event comprising:a. a camera with mechanized zoom, pan and tilt to allow two-degree freedom of movement adjustment of aiming direction, and field of view and zoom adjustment;
b. a manually operated control operatively connected to the camera to control zoom, pan, tilt, and field of view adjustment;
c. a correlation between the manually operated control and the camera to allow:
i. correlative touch and feel control of the camera to track the action during recording of the event without material disruption or obstruction of the user's view of the event; and
ii. provide audible or tactile feedback to the user under one or more conditions where said one or more conditions comprises one or more of:
1. control of the camera outside a predefined area associated with the event or the event location;
2. loss of tracking the action at the event at the event location.

US Pat. No. 10,489,968

APPARATUS, METHOD, AND SYSTEM FOR THREE-DIMENSIONAL (3D) VISUALIZATION OF LIGHT FOR EVALUATION OF PLAYABILITY, GLARE, AND GAPS

Musco Corporation, Oskal...

1. A method of producing virtual representations of light in a virtual 3D space comprising:a. generating an initial virtual 3D space;
b. defining a virtual target area within the initial virtual 3D space;
c. defining locations and aiming angles for one or more virtual light sources within the initial virtual 3D space, each virtual light source having corresponding photometry;
d. generating a virtual representation of light within the initial virtual 3D space for each virtual light source along each defined aiming angle from each defined location, said virtual representations of light having a color determined, at least in part, by (i) the corresponding photometry, (ii) a defined trajectory of a virtual object in flight within the virtual 3D space, and (iii) a curvature of said virtual object in flight within the virtual 3D space;
e. such that a final virtual 3D space is generated which includes the virtual target area and a colored composite of generated virtual representations of light.

US Pat. No. 10,337,680

METHOD FOR IMPROVED AERIAL LIGHTING

Musco Corporation, Oskal...

1. A method of lighting a sports field including a plane and an aerial space proximate the plane comprising:a. illuminating the plane to a first defined light level with a first plurality of aimable light sources mounted to elevating structures at spaced apart positions at or near the top of the elevating structures;
b. illuminating the aerial space to a second defined light level with a second plurality of aimable light sources mounted to said elevating structures at or near the top of the elevating structures;
c. identifying one or more factors associated with the sports field which could impact perceived glare of one or more players, said factors comprising any of:
i. trajectory of a ball or other object in flight;
ii. illumination of a ball or other object in flight; or
iii. lines-of-sight of said players; and
d. cutting off light from said first and second plurality of light sources relative one or more player positions based, at least in part, on said identified factors.

US Pat. No. 10,584,855

APPARATUS, METHOD, AND SYSTEM FOR A COMPACT MODULAR LED LIGHTING SOURCE AIMABLE ON MULTIPLE INDEPENDENT AXES

Musco Corporation, Oskal...

1. An LED lighting apparatus comprising:a. a housing;
b. a plurality of LED subassemblies in the housing;
c. each LED subassembly comprising:
i. a body with an exterior and an opening into an interior space;
ii. at least one LED light source in the interior space of the body, the LED light source having a fixed aiming axis relative to the body;
iii. an optic associated within the at least one LED light source, said optic comprising one of:
1. a lens adapted to modify light from the at least one LED light source to produce a desired beam spread: or
2. a reflector adapted to reflect light from the at least one LED light source:
iv. a lens adapted to removably seal the opening, of the body;
v. a snap rings adapted to removably compress the lens against the body thereby removably sealing the opening of the body;
vi. a visor at the exterior of the body adapted to absorb at least a portion of the modified light output of the LED light source;
vii. a receiver comprising a seat for the body;
viii. the body and the seat having at least a partial ball-in-socket relationship allowing the aiming axis of each said LED light source to be individually adjusted relative to the housing of the apparatus as well as rotated about its aiming axis by rotation of the body in the seat;
d. a removable locking member insertable over the LED subassemblies to fix the LED subassemblies in rotation position in their seats in their housing, wherein the removable locking member comprises a plate that clamps the LED subassemblies in place; and
e. thereby allowing individual selection, installation or substitution, aiming, and fixing of each LED subassembly in the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,337,693

APPARATUS METHOD, AND SYSTEM FOR COST-EFFECTIVE LIGHTING SYSTEM RETROFITS INCLUDING LED LUMINAIRES

Musco Corporation, Oskal...

1. A method of retrofitting an existing lighting system comprising non-lighting technology and lighting technology portions with a retrofit lighting system comprising non-lighting technology and lighting technology portions, the non-lighting technology portion of the retrofit lighting system including one or more retained devices of the non-lighting technology portion of the existing lighting system, further comprising:a. evaluating the existing lighting system to determine:
i. which non-lighting technology portions of the existing lighting system can be retained;
ii. which portions of light emitted from the existing lighting system are useful and which are not useful;
iii. which lighting technology and non-lighting technology portions of the existing lighting system contribute to glare; and
iv. characteristics of power regulating and connection means of the existing lighting system;
b. designing the lighting technology portion of the retrofit lighting system by:
i. selecting an operating condition of a retrofit light source so to produce a light level which is comparable to or exceeds a light level of the useful portion of light emitted from the existing lighting system;
ii. selecting a number and design of both light directing and light redirecting devices so to produce a cutoff and beam design which results in (i) lower glare, (ii) lower or fewer portions of light which are not useful, or both (i) and (ii), as compared to the existing lighting system; and
iii. installing the retrofit light source, light directing devices, and light redirecting devices in a retrofit luminaire;
c. designing the non-lighting technology portion of the retrofit lighting system comprising:
i. determining power requirements of the retrofit luminaire so to produce the light level which is comparable to or exceeds a light level of the useful portion of light emitted from the existing lighting system; and
ii. modifying the characteristics of power regulating and connection means of the existing lighting system to meet the power requirements of the retrofit luminaire;
d. and installing the retrofit lighting system in a manner that does not exceed a loading capacity or an allowed EPA for the one or more retained devices of the non-lighting technology portion of the existing lighting system.

US Pat. No. 10,267,491

SHARP CUTOFF LED LIGHTING FIXTURE AND METHOD OF USE

Musco Corporation, Oskal...

1. An uplight lighting fixture comprising:a. a thermally conductive housing having a plurality of sides, an internal space including an internal surface, and an opening through one or more sides into the internal space;
b. a row of one or more light sources mounted to the internal surface, said one or more light sources having a central aiming axis and producing a composite beam;
c. one or more optics associated with the one or more light sources and contained within the internal space;
d. a lens having a plurality of sides and sealed against the opening in the housing, the lens being light transmissive or light transparent such that the composite beam projects through the lens when the lens is sealed against the opening in the housing;
e. external visor affixed to one or more sides of the housing and proximate one side of the lens, the external visor having at least one reflective surface and a distalmost tip which cuts off light from the composite beam projected through the lens;
f. a ribbed portion affixed to or on one or more sides of the housing and proximate one side of the lens at a position opposite to the external visor such that the ribbed portion absorbs or traps at least a portion of the composite beam reflected off the at least one reflective surface of the external visor; and
g. an armature affixed to a side of the housing and adapted to orient the housing relative a pole or other structure so to direct the projected composite beam away from a plane.

US Pat. No. 10,356,886

APPARATUS, METHOD, AND SYSTEM FOR THEATRICAL LIGHTING OF POLES OR OTHER STRUCTURES FROM A MOUNTED POSITION ON THE POLE OR OTHER STRUCTURE

Musco Corporation, Oskal...

1. A method of providing secondary lighting so to provide theatrical effects in a manner that does not interfere with primary lighting of a target area by a primary lighting system comprising:a. mounting the primary lighting system at a poletop position on one or more poles abutting the target area;
b. mounting the secondary lighting system on the one or more poles at a position other than poletop;
c. aiming the primary lighting system towards the target area so to provide primary lighting of the target area when the primary lighting system is operated;
d. aiming the secondary lighting system towards the pole so to provide secondary lighting of a surface other than that of the target area when the secondary lighting system is operated; and
e. operating the secondary lighting system in accordance with one or more triggers to provide theatrical effects at the surface without interfering with primary lighting of the target area.

US Pat. No. 10,792,762

APPARATUS, METHOD, AND SYSTEM FOR LASER WELDING HEAT SINK FINS IN OUTDOOR LIGHTING FIXTURES

Musco Corporation, Oskal...

1. A method of producing a heat sink for a lighting fixture comprising:a. assigning mounting positions for heat sink fins relative a heat sink base in thermal contact with one or more light sources of the lighting fixture, said mounting positions including orientation of the heat sink fins relative said heat sink base;
b. programming a first robot to retrieve a heat sink fin and position it in an assigned mounting position at a selected orientation;
c. programming a second robot to weld the retrieved, positioned, and oriented heat sink fin to the heat sink base;
d. repeating steps a-c for a plurality of heat sink fins until an adequate heat sink is produced, where adequate is defined as a desired number of heat sink fins welded to a heat sink base for a given set of operating conditions.

US Pat. No. 11,071,177

LIGHTING OPTIMIZED FOR MELANOPIC VISION

Musco Corporation, Oskal...


1. A method of illumination comprising:a. designing a first and second light source wherein:i. the first and second light source are metamers at a defined correlated color temperature (CCT);
ii. the spectral power distribution (SPD) of the first light source has a higher melanopic/photopic (M/P) or scotopic/photopic (S/P) ratio than the second light source;
iii. the first and second light sources collectively produce a light output having a defined color rendering index (CRI) above 70;
iv. the first and second light sources collectively produce a light output having a defined R9 value above 8; and
v. the first and second light sources collectively produce a light output having a television lighting consistency index (TLCI) of 40;

b. installing the first and second light sources in a lighting apparatus which emits said collectively produced light output when powered; and
c. operating the lighting apparatus at a power level which produces an increased perceived brightness as compared to one or more extant metameric variations of the first and second light sources at the same CCT.

US Pat. No. 10,786,648

APPARATUS, METHOD, AND SYSTEM FOR PROVIDING TUNABLE CIRCADIAN LIGHTING AT CONSTANT PERCEIVED BRIGHTNESS AND COLOR

Musco Corporation, Oskal...

1. A method of illuminating an area comprising:a. selecting a set of light sources comprising:
i. a first subset configured to provide higher melanopic content; and
ii. a second subset configured to provide lower melanopic content; and
iii. wherein the first subset and second subset of light sources are metamers and produce a white light;
b. selectively driving the first and second subset of light sources between 0 and 100 percent duty cycle;
c. so that the set of light sources can be used for:
i. general lighting; and
ii. circadian lighting; and
d. a net perceived white color and brightness of the light sources remains constant during selective driving of the first and second subsets of light sources.

US Pat. No. 10,920,437

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR DESIGN AND INSTALLATION OF A CUSTOMIZABLE SOCCER MINI-PITCH SYSTEM

Musco Corporation, Oskal...

1. A customizable portable system for creating a field-based sport venue and one or more playing fields each having a perimeter comprising:a. a plurality of structural components which when assembled approximates the perimeter of the one or more playing fields, said plurality comprising:
i. one or more components designed to withstand a specified wind load and provide rigidity; and
ii. one or more gates to allow access to the one or more playing fields;
b. one or more pole components in operative connection with the plurality of structural components each pole component including an elevated pole;
c. one or more electrically powered devices mounted to the one or more elevated poles;
d. one or more components to house power means for the one or more electrically powered devices and in operative connection with the plurality of structural components;
e. one or more seating components in operative connection with the plurality of structural components;
f. one or more adjustable leveling feet to level at least one of the structural components, pole components, components to house power means, and seating components; and
g. a plurality of fasteners for operatively connecting components.