US Pat. No. 9,278,465

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR 3D PRINTING OF AEROGELS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

13. A method of forming an aerogel including:
providing a graphene oxide powder;
mixing the graphene oxide powder with an aqueous solution;
performing a sonication operation on the mixture of the graphene oxide powder and the aqueous solution to form an ink;
using a 3D printing technique to write the ink into a catalytic solution, wherein the catalytic solution is contained in a
fluid containment member;

performing the 3D printing technique to apply the ink to form a plurality of ink layers, one on top of another, to form a
wet three dimensional part having a desired shape and desired dimensions;

curing the wet three dimensional part in a sealed container for a predetermined period of time at a predetermined temperature
to produce a cured wet three dimensional part; and

supercritically drying the cured wet three dimensional part to form a finished aerogel part.

US Pat. No. 9,057,483

THREADED INSERT FOR COMPACT CRYOGENIC-CAPABLE PRESSURE VESSELS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An apparatus consisting of:
a pressure container having an interior cavity fabricated from a cavity material and an outer surface spaced away from said
interior cavity;

a cryogenic gas in said interior cavity,
external components outside of said pressure container;
an internally threaded opening in said pressure container connecting said interior cavity to said external components, said
opening having an end interfacing with said outer surface of said pressure container; and

an insert threaded into said opening;
a weld proximate said end of said internally threaded opening extending circumferentially around said insert, said weld located
between said outer surface of said pressure container and said insert providing a seal between said outer surface of said
pressure container and said insert;

an inlet port tube connecting the external components with said interior cavity;
an inlet port tube opening in said insert with said inlet port tube positioned in said inlet port tube opening;
a circumferential inlet port tube weld connecting said inlet port tube to said insert that provides a seal between said inlet
port tube and said insert;

an outlet port tube connecting said interior cavity with the external components;
an outlet port tube opening in said insert with said outlet port tube positioned in said outlet port tube opening; and
a circumferential outlet port tube weld connecting said outlet port tube to said insert that provides a seal between said
outlet port tube and said insert;

wherein said circumferential inlet port tube weld is directly exposed to said cryogenic gas in said interior cavity and said
circumferential outlet port tube weld is directly exposed to said cryogenic gas in said interior cavity.

US Pat. No. 9,178,334

ARBITRARY WAVEFORM GENERATOR TO IMPROVE LASER DIODE DRIVER PERFORMANCE

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A method comprising:
receiving, by a control circuit, a digital description of a current pulse, the digital description including information about
a current value and a duration for which the current value is to be applied to a laser diode;

generating, by the control circuit, an analog drive signal corresponding to the digital description of the current pulse;
communicating, by the control circuit, the analog drive signal to the laser diode;
receiving, by the control circuit, information indicative of current flow through the laser diode upon application of the
analog drive signal;

generating, by the control circuit, a new digital description of the current pulse based on the digital description of the
current pulse and the information indicative of the current flow through the laser diode, wherein generating the new digital
description of the current pulse comprises:

comparing, by the control circuit, the current flowing through the laser diode to the current value included in the first
digital information;

determining, by the control circuit, that the current flowing through the laser diode is not substantially equal to the current
value included in the first digital information; and

generating, by the control circuit, the new digital description of the current pulse based on the determination;
generating, by the control circuit, a new analog drive signal corresponding to the new digital description of the current
pulse; and

providing, by the control circuit, the new analog drive signal to the laser diode.

US Pat. No. 9,176,065

NANOSCALE ARRAY STRUCTURES SUITABLE FOR SURFACE ENHANCED RAMAN SCATTERING AND METHODS RELATED THERETO

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A structure comprising:
a planar substrate;
an array of nanopillars on the planar substrate, the array of nanopillars substantially perpendicular to the planar substrate
and having a substantially cylindrical shape;

a metal drop comprising a first metal and a second metal, the metal drop having a substantially spherical shape, the second
metal of the metal drop uniformly covering the first metal of the metal drop on each nanopillar of the array of nanopillars,
wherein

the second metal further covers a surface of the planar substrate with a layer having a uniform thickness; and
a dielectric material covering and filling a region between adjacent metal drops and between adjacent nanopillars.

US Pat. No. 9,144,799

MODULAR MICROFLUIDIC SYSTEM FOR BIOLOGICAL SAMPLE PREPARATION

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A microfluidic automated sample preparation apparatus for preparation of a biological sample, consisting of:
a sample preparation system including a series of modules for automated sample preparation including the following series
of modules connected in series including pumps, valves, and electronics to load the sample and pump the sample through the
apparatus,

wherein the first of said series of modules is a microfluidic acoustic focusing filter module,
wherein the second of said series of modules is a dielectrophoresis bacteria filter module connected to said microfluidic
acoustic focusing filter module,

wherein the third of said series of modules is a dielectrophoresis virus filter module connected to said dielectrophoresis
bacteria filter module,

wherein the fourth of said series of modules is an isotachophoresis nucleic acid filter module connected to said dielectrophoresis
virus filter module,

wherein the fifth of said series of modules is a lysis module connected to said isotachophoresis nucleic acid filter module,
and

wherein the sixth of said series of modules is an isotachophoresis-based nucleic acid filter connected to said lysis module.

US Pat. No. 9,366,574

INFRARED (IR) PHOTON-SENSITIVE SPECTROMICROSCOPY IN A CRYOGENIC ENVIRONMENT

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A photon-sensitive infrared (IR) spectromicroscopy system, comprising:
a light source;
a plurality of cold mirrors configured to direct light emitted from the light source along a beam path;
a sample holder positioned in the beam path and having portions transparent in at least a spectral range of interest, so light
in the spectral range of interest is not absorbed and not emitted by the portions;

a spectral device configured to direct a selected wavelength of light, polarization of light, and/or plurality thereof onto
a detector;

a plurality of cold apertures and a plurality of shields positioned along the beam path, the cold apertures and shields being
configured to prevent thermal emission originating from the sample holder from reaching the detector;

a sub-K refrigerator configured to maintain a detector temperature below an upper operational temperature threshold less than
about 1.0 K; and

an enclosure configured to thermally insulate the light source, the plurality of mirrors, the spectral device and the sub-K
refrigerator; and

wherein the sample holder is characterized by a path length less than a radiation equilibration length of a medium through
which light from the light source travels.

US Pat. No. 9,087,625

MECHANICALLY STIFF, ELECTRICALLY CONDUCTIVE COMPOSITES OF POLYMERS AND CARBON NANOTUBES

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A method of making a stiff and electrically conductive composite of carbon nanotube aerogel and polymer, comprising the
steps of:
obtaining a single-walled carbon nanotube carbon aerogel comprising single-walled carbon nanotubes covalently crosslinked
by nanoparticles from a liquid reaction mixture that comprises dispersed single-walled carbon nanotubes but does not comprise
surfactant for the single-walled carbon nanotubes,

immersing said single-walled carbon nanotube carbon aerogel in a polymer resin to produce a single-walled carbon nanotube
carbon aerogel infiltrated with said polymer resin, and

curing said single-walled carbon nanotube carbon aerogel infiltrated with said polymer resin to produce the stiff and electrically
conductive composite of carbon nanotube aerogel and polymer.

US Pat. No. 9,372,135

FLUIDICS PLATFORM AND METHOD FOR SAMPLE PREPARATION

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A fluidics platform comprising a pump, particles and a particle-holding means,
wherein the pump comprises
a chamber adapted to house a fluidic content; and
a plunger adapted to seal inside and slide along a columnar portion of the chamber,
a heater configured to cover a full length of the columnar portion of the chamber, wherein
the plunger is adapted to draw or expel the fluidic content into or out of the chamber through an opening at the top of the
chamber by sliding along the columnar portion of the chamber,

the particles are adapted to adsorb a target component of the fluidic content in the chamber,
the particle-holding means is configured to retain the particles inside the chamber, and to remain stationary relative to
the chamber when the fluidic content is expelled from the chamber.

US Pat. No. 9,097,602

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETERMINING STRENGTH OF CYLINDRICAL STRUCTURES BY INTERNAL PRESSURE LOADING

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a mandrel;
an expansion cylinder, comprising:
opposite first and second ends;
an inner circumferential surface extending between the ends and characterized by an inner diameter, the inner circumferential
surface defining a hollow cavity;

an outer circumferential surface extending between the ends and characterized by an outer diameter that is greater than the
inner diameter;

a plurality of slots extending from the inner circumferential surface to the outer circumferential surface and latitudinally
oriented between the ends, wherein the slots are characterized by an arrangement selected from:

a plurality of curved lines;
a zigzag pattern; and
an expanding web; and
one or more base plates configured to engage one of the ends of the expansion cylinder; and
one or more sensors,
wherein the one or more sensors are configured to detect one or more indicia of a structural failure of a test cylinder,
wherein at least one of the one or more sensors is configured for positioning along the outer circumferential surface of the
test cylinder, and

wherein the mandrel is physically configured to engage the expansion cylinder along the inner circumferential surface thereof
for causing expansion thereof.

US Pat. No. 9,105,448

ELECTRON BEAM DIAGNOSTIC SYSTEM USING COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY AND AN ANNULAR SENSOR

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An apparatus for analyzing an electron beam, wherein the electron beam has a central propagation axis, comprising:
an electron beam diagnostic sensor adapted to receive the electron beam;
a continuous or segmented circular sensor structure operatively connected to said electron beam diagnostic sensor, wherein
said continuous or segmented circular sensor structure has a sensor structure central axis that is arranged coaxially with
the electron beam central propagation axis and wherein said continuous or segmented circular sensor structure receives the
electron beam;

a system for sweeping the electron beam from said sensor structure central axis and the electron beam central propagation
axis to and along said continuous or segmented circular sensor structure wherein the electron beam is intercepted by said
continuous or segmented circular sensor structure; and

a device for measuring the electron beam that is intercepted by said continuous or segmented circular sensor structure.

US Pat. No. 9,166,355

DIRECTLY DRIVEN SOURCE OF MULTI-GIGAHERTZ, SUB-PICOSECOND OPTICAL PULSES

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a continuous wave (CW) laser for providing a CW laser beam;
at least one electro-optic modulator for modulating said CW beam to produce a high repetition rate seed beam;
an optical amplifier capable of amplifying said seed beam to produce an amplified seed beam;
a spectral broadener for broadening the optical spectrum of said amplified seed beam to produce a spectrally broadened beam;
and

a pre-compressor for temporally compressing said spectrally broadened beam to produce a train of bandwidth-limited short-duration
output pulses.

US Pat. No. 9,078,738

STENT WITH EXPANDABLE FOAM

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A device comprising:
a vascular stent, to be implanted in a patient, including first and second windows along a central lumen of the stent, the
first and second windows respectively including first and second shape memory polymer (SMP) struts that each include SMP having
a first state and a second state;

a SMP foam, coupled to the first and second SMP struts, having a first state and a second state;
a core, included in the central lumen of the stent and directly contacting an inner surface of the first strut but not directly
contacting an outer surface of the first strut, to provide structural support to the first and second SMP struts during advancement
of the stent within vasculature of the patient; and

an outer portion of a heating system that directly contacts an inner portion of the core;
wherein (a) in a first position the vascular stent is configured to be located, with the first and second SMP struts in the
first state and the SMP foam in the first state, proximate to a vascular aneurysm; (b) in a second position the SMP foam is
configured to be expanded to the second state, radially outward from the first and second SMP struts and into the vascular
aneurysm, based on heat from the heating system; and (c) in a third position the first and second SMP struts are configured
to be expanded to the second state, proximate to the vascular aneurysm, based on heat from the heating system;

wherein (d) the inner surface of the first strut is between the core and the first strut and the outer surface of the first
strut is between the first strut and the SMP foam, and (e) the inner portion of the core is between the heating system and
the core and an outer portion of the core is between the core and the stent.

US Pat. No. 9,146,311

FULL-WAVE RECEIVER ARCHITECTURE FOR THE HOMODYNE MOTION SENSOR

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A method for motion sensing, comprising:
generating first and second signals separated by a time corresponding to a selected range;
transmitting the first signal towards an object;
receiving a return reflected signal comprising a reflection of the first signal from the object;
mixing the return reflected signal from the object with the second signal to provide a detection signal when the object is
at the selected range, wherein receiving a return reflected signal and mixing the return reflected signal with the second
signal are performed by inputting the return reflected signal and the second signal into a voltage boosting receiver, comprising:

a receiver input;
a receiver output;
a first diode whose output is connected to the receiver output;
a first charge storage capacitor connected from between the first diode and the receiver output to ground;
a second charge storage capacitor connected between the receiver input and the first diode;
a second diode connected from between the second charge storage capacitor and the first diode to ground;wherein the receiver performs voltage boosting of a signal received at the receiver input.

US Pat. No. 9,174,213

PASSIVE CHIP-BASED DROPLET SORTING

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A method of passive sorting of microdroplets of uniform size, comprising the steps of:
providing a main flow channel,
directing a sample material and reagents into said main flow channel,
directing a carrier fluid into said main flow channel thereby providing a flow stream of microdroplets in said main flow channel
wherein said microdroplets have substantially the same diameter and wherein said droplets include first microdroplets containing
said sample material and second microdroplets that do not contain said sample material,

amplifying said microdroplets in said flow stream of microdroplets resulting in said flow stream of microdroplets having been
amplified so that it includes said first microdroplets containing said sample material having a first degree of stiffness
and said second microdroplets that do not contain said sample material having a second degree of stiffness wherein said second
degree of stiffness is less than said first degree of stiffness,

providing a second flow channel connected to said main flow channel for said second microdroplets that do not contain said
sample material having a second degree of stiffness, and

providing a separator for separating said second microdroplets that do not contain said sample material having a second degree
of stiffness from said first microdroplets containing said sample material having a first degree of stiffness and directing
said second microdroplets that do not contain said sample material having a second degree of stiffness into said second flow
channel.

US Pat. No. 9,313,833

MICROWAVE HEATING OF AQUEOUS SAMPLES ON A MICRO-OPTICAL-ELECTRO-MECHANICAL SYSTEM

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A micro-optical-electro-mechanical system apparatus for heating a sample, comprising:
a microchip;
a droplet maker operatively connected to said microchip;
microreactor droplets produced by said droplet maker, said microreactor droplets containing the sample;
a microchannel flow channel in said microchip, said microchannel flow channel containing said microreactor droplets containing
the sample;

a microwave source that directs microwaves onto said microreactor droplets containing the sample for heating the sample, wherein
said microwave source is a microwave source that produce microwaves having a frequency within the range of 0.3 to 300 GHz
and wherein said microwave source directs said microwaves onto said microreactor droplets containing the sample for heating
the sample, and wherein said microwave source includes a microwave antenna;

a wall section of said microchannel flow channel that receives said microwaves and enables said microwaves to pass through
said wall section of said microchannel flow channel, said wall section of said microchannel flow channel being made of silicon
or glass;

a carrier fluid within said microchannel flow channel for moving the sample in said microchannel flow channel, said carrier
fluid being made of oil; wherein said microwaves pass through said wall section of said microchannel flow channel and pass
through said oil and heat the sample.

US Pat. No. 9,504,177

HERMETIC ELECTRONICS PACKAGE WITH DUAL-SIDED ELECTRICAL FEEDTHROUGH CONFIGURATION

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A hermetically-sealed electronics device comprising:
a hermetic electronics package comprising: a metal case with opposing first and second open ends; a first feedthrough construction
having an electrically insulating substrate and an array of electrically conductive feedthroughs extending therethrough; a
second feedthrough construction having an electrically insulating substrate and an array of electrically conductive feedthroughs
extending therethrough; said electrically insulating substrates of the first and second feedthrough constructions connected
to the opposing first and second open ends, respectively, of the metal case so as to form a hermetically sealed enclosure;
and a set of electronic components located within the hermetically sealed enclosure and operably connected to the feedthroughs
of the first and second feedthrough constructions;

a first electrode array having a plurality of traces extending between electrodes at a lead end and a connector end that is
connected to the feedthroughs of the first feedthrough construction to transmit electrical signals between the set of electronic
components and a surrounding region adjacent the first electrode array; and

a second electrode array having a plurality of traces extending between electrodes at a lead end and a connector end that
is connected to the feedthroughs of the second feedthrough construction to transmit electrical signals between the set of
electronic components and a surrounding region adjacent the second electrode array,

whereby the first and second electrode arrays are positioned to electrically interact with said adjacent surrounding regions
from opposite sides of the package.

US Pat. No. 9,153,404

CHARGED PARTICLE BEAM SCANNING USING DEFORMED HIGH GRADIENT INSULATOR

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A charged particle beam deflector, comprising:
a dielectric wall accelerator (DWA) having a hollow center and including a dielectric wall that is substantially parallel
to a z-axis that runs through the hollow center, the dielectric wall comprising one or more deformed high gradient insulators
(HGIs) configured to produce an electric field comprising a component in a direction perpendicular to the z-axis; and

a control component configured to establish the component of the electric field in the direction perpendicular to the z-axis
and to control deflection of a charged particle beam in the direction perpendicular to the z-axis as the charged particle
beam travels through the hollow center; and

an electro-mechanical component coupled to the one or more HGIs that comprises a deformable multilayer HGI comprising alternating
dielectric and conductor materials that are arranged to form a changeable slant angle with respect to an axis normal to the
z-axis, the electro-mechanical component operable to change the changeable slant angle of the deformable multilayer HGI to
allow scanning of the charged particle beam at least in part based on the changeable scan angle when the slant angle is changed
by the electro-mechanical component from one slant angle to another slant angle.

US Pat. No. 9,457,297

METHOD OF SECURING FILTER ELEMENTS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A filter securing apparatus, consisting of:
a filter unit body;
a multiplicity of tubular filter elements positioned on said filter unit body, each of said tubular filter elements consisting
of a tubular filter and a filter cap closing a top of the tubular filter thereby defining a closed top of each tubular filter
element and said tubular filter further consists of an open bottom defining an open bottom of each tubular filter element;

holes in said filter unit body, wherein said open bottoms of said tubular filter elements are positioned over said holes in
said filter unit body;

a frame unit positioned over said closed tops and said filter caps;
a bolt connecting said frame unit to said filter unit body;
dimples in either said frame unit or said filter caps that close said tops of said tubular filter elements; and
sockets in either said frame unit or said filter caps that close said tops of said tubular filter elements that receive said
dimples in either said frame unit or said filter caps that close said tops of said tubular filter elements to secure said
tubular filter elements to said filter unit body.

US Pat. No. 9,121,947

STRESS REDUCTION FOR PILLAR FILLED STRUCTURES

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
an array of pillars, wherein each of the pillars comprises a rounded cross sectional shape where the cross section is taken
perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of the respective pillar;

a cavity region between each of the pillars; and
a neutron sensitive material located in each cavity region,
wherein the array is segmented into discrete segments of the pillars, wherein an average distance between adjacent pillars
in each of the segments is less than an average distance between adjacent segments.

US Pat. No. 9,460,865

MECHANICALLY ROBUST, ELECTRICALLY CONDUCTIVE ULTRALOW-DENSITY CARBON NANOTUBE-BASED AEROGELS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A device comprising a porous carbon aerogel or composite thereof as an energy storage material, catalyst support, sensor
or adsorbent, wherein the porous carbon aerogel comprises a network of interconnected struts comprising carbon nanotube bundles
covalently crosslinked by graphitic carbon nanoparticles, wherein the carbon nanotubes account for 5 to 95 wt. % of the aerogel
and the graphitic carbon nanoparticles account for 5 to 95 wt. % of the aerogel, and wherein the aerogel has an electrical
conductivity of at least 10 S/m and is capable of withstanding strains of more than 10% before fracture.

US Pat. No. 9,377,399

RESONANT OPTICAL TRANSDUCERS FOR IN-SITU GAS DETECTION

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A resonant optical transducer (ROT), comprising a semiconductor-based edge-emitting laser (EEL) including a state-selective
thin-film functionalized adsorption layer in contact with said EEL.

US Pat. No. 9,337,010

FLUORESCENT LIGHTING WITH ALUMINUM NITRIDE PHOSPHORS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A fluorescent lamp, comprising:
a glass envelope;
at least two electrodes connected to said glass envelope;
mercury vapor and an inert gas within said glass envelope; and
a phosphor blend within said glass envelope, wherein said phosphor blend includes Al(1-x)MxN, where M may be comprised of one or more dopants drawn from beryllium, magnesium, calcium, strontium, barium, zinc, scandium,
yttrium, lanthanum, cerium, praseodymium, europium, gadolinium, terbium, ytterbium, bismuth, manganese, silicon, germanium,
tin, boron, or gallium and x has a value of 0

US Pat. No. 9,124,066

DIFFRACTIVE OPTICAL ELEMENTS FOR TRANSFORMATION OF MODES IN LASERS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a first diffractive optical element (DOE) configured to transform the phase of an input beam into a plurality of output beams
having a predetermined intensity distribution;

a second DOE configured to impart predetermined phase onto said plurality of output beams to produce a higher order mode (HOM)
output beam that comprises said predetermined intensity distributions and said predetermined phase; and

a rectangular core ribbon fiber configured to receive a propagate said HOM mode output beam.

US Pat. No. 9,105,087

SYSTEM FOR UNCOLLIMATED DIGITAL RADIOGRAPHY

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A digital radiographic imaging system, comprising:
an uncollimated radiation source adapted to produce a substantially conical profile radiation beam directed at an object/space
to be imaged;

a radiation converter adapted to be positioned adjacent the object/space opposite the radiation source and to convert incident
radiation into a different form of radiation representing an observed image of the object/space;

a digital image recorder operably connected to the radiation converter to digitally record the observed image; and
a computerized system adapted to reconstruct the observed image as a deblurred image that substantially compensates for the
conical profile of the radiation beam, by inverting a predetermined conical blurring model (that is based on the geometries
of the radiation source and radiation converter, and represented by the probability transfer matrix) on the digitally recorded
observed image using the maximum entropy method (MEM), wherein the conical blurring model is used as the linear operator of
interest and a smoothed background image pre-recorded by the digital image recorder is used as a Bayesian prior.

US Pat. No. 9,409,177

CHIP-BASED DEVICE FOR PARALLEL SORTING, AMPLIFICATION, DETECTION, AND IDENTIFICATION OF NUCLEIC ACID SUBSEQUENCES

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An apparatus for chip-based sorting and detection of a sample, consisting of:
a single planar substrate, said single planar substrate having a single planar surface that is divided into cells;
said cells arranged on said single planar surface of said single planar substrate in multiple rows and multiple columns wherein
said multiple rows are parallel and wherein said multiple columns are parallel and wherein said multiple rows and said multiple
columns intersect;

electrodes in said cells in said multiple rows and multiple columns on said single planar substrate;
a carrier fluid in a carrier fluid source wherein said carrier fluid is directed onto said single planar surface of said single
planar substrate and wherein said carrier fluid washes all of said single planar surface of said single planar substrate,

a droplet generator connected to said carrier fluid source and said carrier fluid,
a sample source containing the sample connected to said droplet generator;
wherein said carrier fluid, said droplet generator, and the sample from said sample source produce micro-reactors containing
the sample in said carrier fluid with said micro-reactors delivered onto said single planar surface of said single planar
substrate;

a microprocessor connected to said electrodes in said cells for manipulating said micro-reactors on said single planar surface
of said single planar substrate and directing said micro-reactors containing the sample in said carrier fluid into said cells
in said multiple rows and multiple columns on said single planar surface of said single planar substrate using said electrodes,
and

a detector positioned to interrogate the sample contained in said micro-reactors on said cells in said multiple rows and multiple
columns on said single planar surface of said single planar substrate.

US Pat. No. 9,373,928

DIFFRACTIVE OPTICAL ELEMENTS FOR TRANSFORMATION OF MODES IN LASERS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a HOM ribbon fiber amplifier configured to receive and amplify a higher order mode (HOM) input beam to produce an amplified
HOM beam;

a first diffractive optical element (DOE) configured to impart a predetermined phase onto said amplified HOM beam to produce
an amplified fundamental mode beam; and

a second DOE configured to transform the phase of said amplified fundamental mode beam into a single fundamental mode beam.

US Pat. No. 9,142,339

COMPACT OPTICAL TRANSCONDUCTANCE VARISTOR

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A radiation-controlled transconductance varistor comprising:
a substrate;
a wide bandgap semiconductor (WBS) material formed on the substrate between two electrodes; and
a radiation source cable of being controlled by a source controller to produce radiation, said radiation source formed on
the substrate adjacent the WBS material so that radiation from the radiation source is transmitted directly to the WBS material
to control conductivity thereacross between said electrodes.

US Pat. No. 9,048,012

METHOD OF FABRICATING HIGH-DENSITY HERMETIC ELECTRICAL FEEDTHROUGHS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A method of fabricating electrical feedthroughs, comprising:
providing an electrically conductive substrate having opposing first and second sides;
selectively removing substrate material from the first side of the substrate to form an array of electrically conductive posts
in a substrate cavity;

filling said substrate cavity with an electrically insulating material to surround each post therewith;
solidifying the electrically insulating material; and
exposing the solidified electrically insulating material from the second side of the substrate so that each post is electrically
isolated as an electrical feedthrough extending between the first and second sides of the substrate.

US Pat. No. 9,442,960

HIGH PERFORMANCE DATA LAYOUT AND PROCESSING

LAWRENCE LIVERMORE NATION...

1. A system comprising:
a processor; and
a non-transitory computer-readable medium operably coupled to the processor, the computer-readable medium having instructions
stored thereon that, when executed by the processor, cause the system to

order an array of image data in a hierarchical z-order in the computer-readable medium;
create data blocks from the array ordered based on the hierarchical z-order;
create data files containing a predetermined number of successive data blocks from the created data blocks;
create a directory structure in a file system of a computing device based on the hierarchical z-order, wherein each directory
level of the directory structure is named using a hierarchical z-order address represented as a string; and

store the created data files in the created directory structure based on the hierarchical z-order.

US Pat. No. 9,373,479

HIGH-SPEED MULTIFRAME DYNAMIC TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPE IMAGE ACQUISITION SYSTEM WITH ARBITRARY TIMING

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An electron microscope, comprising:
a photocathode;
a laser system for producing a train of laser pulses of a predefined pulse duration and waveform, wherein the laser system
is arranged to direct the train of laser pulses to the photocathode to produce a train of electron pulses;

a sample holder for retaining a sample, wherein the sample holder is downstream of the photocathode;
a deflector subsystem having electrostatic deflector plates arranged downstream of the sample holder;
an image sensor downstream of the deflector subsystem, wherein the image sensor provides signals corresponding to a sequence
of images or diffraction patterns of the sample; and

a control system in communication with the laser system and the deflector subsystem, wherein the control system is synchronized
with the laser system for reversibly switching voltage signals applied to each of the deflector plates to independently control
excitation of each of the deflector plates to synchronize operation of the deflector subsystem with the train of laser pulses,
so as to direct each electron pulse of the train of electron pulses to a portion of the image sensor to provide the signals
corresponding to the sequence of images or diffraction patterns of the sample.

US Pat. No. 9,080,981

NANOSCALE ARRAY STRUCTURES SUITABLE FOR SURFACE ENHANCED RAMAN SCATTERING AND METHODS RELATED THERETO

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A method for fabricating a structure, the method comprising:
providing a planar substrate;
coating the planar substrate with a polymer layer;
annealing the polymer layer, wherein the annealing causes a microphase separation of the polymer layer into first portions
and second portions, the first portions being an array of nanostructures surrounded by the second portions, the second portions
being a polymer matrix;

removing the array of nanostructures, whereby the removing forms an array of nanorecesses and the removing exposes portions
of the planar substrate below the removed nanostructures; and

coating a first metal on the polymer matrix and the exposed portions of the planar substrate.

US Pat. No. 9,303,273

NANOLIPOPROTEIN PARTICLES COMPRISING A NATURAL RUBBER BIOSYNTHETIC ENZYME COMPLEX AND RELATED PRODUCTS, METHODS AND SYSTEMS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A nanolipoprotein particle comprising
a target protein,
a membrane forming lipid, and
a scaffold protein,
wherein the target protein is a natural rubber transferase complex (RuT), wherein the natural rubber transferase complex is
provided within a discoidal membrane lipid bilayer formed by the membrane forming lipid and stabilized by the scaffold protein,
and wherein the membrane lipid bilayer is attached to the RuT through interaction of the natural rubber transferase complex
hydrophobic region with the membrane lipid bilayer.

US Pat. No. 9,395,304

NANOSCALE STRUCTURES ON OPTICAL FIBER FOR SURFACE ENHANCED RAMAN SCATTERING AND METHODS RELATED THERETO

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A method comprising:
providing an optical fiber having a planar facet end;
attaching a ferrule to the optical fiber adjacent to the planar facet end;
fitting the optical fiber with the ferrule on a spin coater;
coating the planar facet end of the optical fiber with the ferrule with a photoresist;
producing a pattern in the photoresist for a nanoscale structure by interference lithography;
developing the photoresist;
removing the photoresist and a portion of the optic fiber unprotected by the photoresist, thus obtaining a nanoscale structure
in the optic fiber; and

depositing a layer of metal on the nanoscale structure.

US Pat. No. 9,172,208

RAMAN BEAM COMBINING FOR LASER BRIGHTNESS ENHANCEMENT

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An apparatus, comprising
a pulsed fiber seed laser for providing a pulsed seed beam having a first pulse peak power within a range from about 100 W
to about 100 KW;

a plurality of pulsed fiber pump lasers for providing pulsed pump beams, wherein each pump beam comprises a second pulse peak
power within a range from about 10 KW to about 100 MW;

a first stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) crystal consisting essentially of crystalline material and having a shape comprising
a first face at a first end of said crystal, a second face at a second end of said crystal and an outer wall extending from
said first face to said second face, wherein said first face is positioned to receive said seed beam and said pump beams;

a reflective coating in direct contact with said outer wall, wherein said apparatus is configured such that said pump beams
will propagate through said first face into said crystal and will then be confined within said crystal by reflecting a plurality
of times from said reflective coating, wherein said pump beams will then propagate through said second face and out of said
crystal wherein said apparatus is configured such that said seed beam will propagate through said first face in to said crystal
and will then propagate within said crystal without undergoing any internal reflections, wherein said seed beam will then
propagate through said second face and out of said crystal; and

means for precisely timing said pulsed seed beam and said pulsed pump beams so that they are timed to be co-incident in time
on said crystal.

US Pat. No. 9,222,126

METHODS FOR POINT-OF-CARE DETECTION OF NUCLEIC ACID IN A SAMPLE

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A method for detecting a target nucleic acid in a sample, the method comprising:
sealing the sample within a containment vessel, wherein the containment vessel has a container body defining a single unpartitioned
cavity capable of holding the sample;

in the single unpartitioned cavity where the sample is sealed:
transferring the sample to a nucleic acid binding element positioned in the containment vessel;
introducing nucleic acid amplification reagents in fluid communication with the nucleic acid binding element;
isothermally heating the nucleic acid amplification reagents;
amplifying the target nucleic acid; and
detecting amplification of the target nucleic acid.

US Pat. No. 9,706,646

ORIGAMI ENABLED MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Arizona Board of Regenst ...

1. An origami enabled manufacturing system comprising:
a plurality of functional bodies, each functional body having a plurality of side edges, wherein the plurality of functional
bodies are arrayed in a predetermined pattern, and wherein the plurality of side edges define a plurality of creases in the
predetermined pattern, and wherein at least one side edge of each functional body is positioned in opposition to at least
one side edge of another functional body in the predetermined pattern; and

a plurality of connection members, wherein at least one connection member is coupled to and positioned between opposed functional
bodies, and wherein each connection member is selectively movable between a fixed position, in which no relative movement
between connected functional bodies is allowed, and a pliable position, in which relative movement between connected functional
bodies is allowed

wherein each functional body comprises: a substrate; and a functional device attached to the substrate;
wherein at least one lower channel is defined on a bottom surface of the substrate proximate a side edge of the functional
body that forms a crease in the predetermined pattern, and

wherein at least one upper channel is defined on a top surface of the substrate proximate a side edge of the functional body
that forms a crease in the predetermined pattern.

US Pat. No. 9,485,873

DEPOSITING BULK OR MICRO-SCALE ELECTRODES

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A method of fabricating a microelectrode device, consisting of the steps of:
providing a device body having providing a device body having an underlying electrically insulating layer by depositing an
electrically insulating polymer layer on a substrate,

providing an electrical conductive thin-film layer on said underlying electrically insulating layer by depositing an electrical
conductive thin-film layer on said underlying electrically insulating layer, wherein said electrical conductive thin-film
layer includes an electrode region, a bond pad region, and an electrical conduit between said electrode region and said bond
pad region,

providing at least one electrode embedded in said device body, wherein said step of providing at least one electrode embedded
in said device body includes bulk depositing an electrode material on said electrical conducting thin-film layer in said electrode
region,

thermocompressively bonding said bulk deposited electrode material to said electrical conductive thin-film layer,
depositing an encapsulating electrically insulating layer on said electrical conductive thin-film layer and said bulk deposited
electrode material,

removing said encapsulating electrically insulating layer covering said bulk deposited electrode material, and
releasing said device body from said substrate.

US Pat. No. 9,274,237

LITHIUM-CONTAINING SCINTILLATORS FOR THERMAL NEUTRON, FAST NEUTRON, AND GAMMA DETECTION

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A thermal neutron capture reagent, comprising:
a lithium-containing compound selected from a group consisting of: Li-3-phenylsalicylate, Li-3,5-di-tert-butylsalicylate,
Li-acetylsalicylic acid, and combinations thereof,

wherein the lithium-containing compound is soluble in a fluor,
wherein the thermal neutron capture reagent exhibits an optical response signature for thermal neutrons.

US Pat. No. 9,196,817

HIGH VOLTAGE SWITCHES HAVING ONE OR MORE FLOATING CONDUCTOR LAYERS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A high voltage switch, comprising:
a first switch electrode;
a second switch electrode that is spaced from the first switch electrode to provide a space between the first and second switch
electrodes;

a dielectric material that occupies at least a portion of the space between the first and second switch electrodes;
a conductor layer located in the space between the first and second switch electrodes, wherein the conductor layer is not
connected to the first switch electrode or the second switch electrode and wherein the conductor layer is electrically isolated
from the first switch electrode and the second switch electrode; and

a switch control circuit coupled to the first and second switch electrodes to supply a switch control voltage across the first
and second switch electrodes to create a conductive path between the first and second switch electrodes when the switch control
voltage is at or above a switch-on voltage.

US Pat. No. 9,082,524

HIGH SURFACE AREA, ELECTRICALLY CONDUCTIVE NANOCARBON-SUPPORTED METAL OXIDE

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A metal oxide-carbon composite, comprising:
a carbon aerogel monolith, said carbon aerogel having inner surfaces and comprises bundles of carbon nanotubes crosslinked
by carbon nanoparticles, and

an oxide coating said inner surfaces of said carbon aerogel providing a metal oxide-carbon composite.

US Pat. No. 9,291,056

HARMONIC UNIFLOW ENGINE

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A harmonic uniflow engine comprising:
a cylinder having a cylinder axis;
a piston head reciprocable in the cylinder and together enclosing an expansion chamber,
wherein the cylinder has an inlet at an inlet end fluidically connected to the expansion chamber and an outlet at a removed
location from the inlet end;

an intake header in fluidic communication with the inlet for channeling working fluid from a pressurized fluid source into
the expansion chamber;

an inlet valve for controlling the flow of working fluid from the intake header into the expansion chamber to effect a power
stroke of the engine, said inlet valve comprising an inlet valve head and a resiliently biasing member arranged together as
a harmonic oscillator so that the inlet valve head is moveable against an equilibrium restoring force of the resiliently biasing
member from an unbiased equilibrium position located in the intake header to a biased closed position occluding the inlet,
and so that upon releasing from the closed position the inlet valve head undergoes a single oscillation past the equilibrium
position to an oppositely biased maximum open position and returns to a biased return position between the closed and equilibrium
positions to choke the flow of working fluid and produce a pressure drop across the inlet valve causing the inlet valve to
close,

wherein the piston head is reciprocable to a venting position which fluidically connects the expansion chamber to the outlet
for controlling the periodic venting of working fluid out from the expansion chamber; and

periodic return means operably connected to the piston head to effect a return stroke of the engine after each power stroke.

US Pat. No. 9,170,028

METHODS AND COMPOSITIONS FOR RAPID THERMAL CYCLING

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An apparatus for thermally cycling a material, comprising:
a microfluidic heat exchanger comprising one or more wells for receiving one or more samples to be thermally cycled and further
comprising a porous medium, a first inlet channel, and a second inlet channel;

a first tank for holding fluid at a first temperature, the first tank coupled to the first inlet channel of the microfluidic
heat exchanger;

a second tank for holding fluid at a second temperature, the second tank coupled to the second inlet channel of the microfluidic
heat exchanger, the second temperature greater than the first temperature;

a valve coupled to the first tank and the second tank; and
a pump coupled to the valve, wherein the pump is configured to pump fluid from the first tank through the first inlet channel
into the porous medium of the microfluidic heat exchanger when the valve is in a first position such that fluid within the
porous medium is pumped out of the second inlet channel, and wherein the pump is configured to pump fluid from the second
tank through the second inlet channel into the porous medium of the microfluidic heat exchanger when the valve is in a second
position such that fluid within the porous medium is pumped out of the first inlet channel.

US Pat. No. 9,091,466

SOLAR-POWERED COOLING SYSTEM

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A method of solar-powered adsorption-desorption refrigeration that provides cooling over a first time period and a second
time period, comprising the step of:
providing a first bed of adsorption media of a first nanostructural material made of an first aerogel, providing a refrigerant
to the first bed of absorption media;

providing a first shade adapted to selectively block sun energy from said first bed of adsorption media;
providing a second bed of adsorption media of a second nanostructural material;
providing a second shade adapted to selectively block sun energy from said second bed of adsorption media;
providing a condenser and an expansion valve fluidly connected to the refrigerant in the first bed of absorption media;
enabling said first bed of adsorption media to receive sun energy during the first time period;
circulating said refrigerant from said first bed of adsorption media to said condenser and expansion valve to provide cooling
during the first time period,

enabling said second shade to block sun energy from said second bed of adsorption media during the first time period;
circulating said refrigerant from said condenser and expansion valve to said second bed of adsorption media during the first
time period;

enabling said second bed of adsorption media to receive sun energy during the second time period;
circulating said refrigerant from said second bed of adsorption media to said condenser and expansion valve to provide cooling
during the second time period,

enabling said first shade to block sun energy from said first bed of adsorption media during the second time period; and
circulating said refrigerant from said condenser and expansion valve to said first bed of adsorption media during the second
time period.

US Pat. No. 9,136,668

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR COMPACT EFFICIENT LASER ARCHITECTURE

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A laser amplifier module including an enclosure, the laser amplifier module comprising:
an input window;
a mirror optically coupled to the input window and disposed in a first plane;
a first amplifier head disposed along an optical amplification path in a second plane substantially parallel to the first
plane, wherein the first amplifier head is adjacent a first end of the enclosure, wherein a first amplification path through
the first amplifier head and a second amplification path through the first amplifier head are collinear;

a second amplifier head disposed along the optical amplification path in the second plane and adjacent a second end of the
enclosure, wherein a first amplification path through the second amplifier head and a second amplification path through the
second amplifier head are collinear; and

a cavity mirror disposed along the optical amplification path.

US Pat. No. 9,238,773

LUTETIUM OXIDE-BASED TRANSPARENT CERAMIC SCINTILLATORS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A transparent ceramic of sintered nanoparticles, the transparent ceramic comprising: gadolinium lutetium oxide doped with
europium having a chemical composition (Lu1-xGdx)2-YEuYO3,
wherein X is any value within a range from about 0.05 to about 0.45,
wherein Y is any value within a range from about 0.01 to about 0.2,
wherein the transparent ceramic exhibits a transparency characterized by a scatter coefficient of less than about 10%/cm,
and

wherein the transparent ceramic excludes monoclinic structures.

US Pat. No. 9,165,743

HIGH-SPEED MULTIFRAME DYNAMIC TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPE IMAGE ACQUISITION SYSTEM WITH ARBITRARY TIMING

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An electron microscope comprising:
a laser-driven photocathode;
an arbitrary waveform generation (AWG) laser system for producing a train of temporally-shaped laser pulses of a predefined
pulse duration and waveform, and arranged to direct the laser pulses to the laser-driven photocathode for producing a train
of electron pulses;

a first lens stack arranged to focus the train of electron pulses to a sample;
a second lens stack producing a magnified image or diffraction pattern of the sample on an image sensor;
a deflector subsystem having electrostatic deflector plates arranged downstream of the sample and upstream of the image sensor,
the deflector plates comprising a first pair of plates and a second pair of plates arranged perpendicular to the first pair
of plates; and

a control system in communication with both the AWG laser system and the deflector subsystem, the control system communicating
with a plurality of switching components and synchronized with the AWG laser system for rapidly and reversibly switching voltage
signals applied to each one of the deflector plates to independently control excitation of each one of the deflector plates
to synch operation of the deflector subsystem with the train of laser pulses, so as to direct each said electron pulse to
a different portion of the image sensor to capture a high-speed sequence of images or diffraction patterns of the sample,
and to provide each said electron pulse with an independently set and programmable duration controlled by the control system,
and to provide spacings between sequentially generated ones of the electron pulses that are variable, programmable and independently
controlled by the control system.

US Pat. No. 9,447,318

PLASTIC SCINTILLATORS WITH HIGH LOADING OF ONE OR MORE METAL CARBOXYLATES

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A method, comprising:
incorporating a metal carboxylate complex into a polymeric matrix to form an optically transparent material; and
wherein the metal carboxylate complex comprises a metal and at least one carboxylate ligand comprising a tertiary butyl group.

US Pat. No. 9,361,352

POINT PATTERN MATCH-BASED CHANGE DETECTION IN A CONSTELLATION OF PREVIOUSLY DETECTED OBJECTS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A method in a computing device for matching a new constellation of newly detected objects to a previous constellation of
previously detected objects, the method comprising:
for each of a plurality of pairs that includes a previously detected object and a newly detected object,
generating a constellation offset based on a distance between the previously detected object and the newly detected object
of the pair; and

generating a constellation matching score indicating a degree to which the new constellation matches the previous constellation
assuming the constellation offset between the new constellation and the previous constellation and factoring in a probabilistic
uncertainty model for the locations of the previously detected objects and the newly detected objects;

identifying the constellation matching score indicating the best match between the new constellation and the previous constellation;
and

indicating that the constellation offset resulting in the identified constellation matching score as a best constellation
offset for matching the new constellation with the previous constellation.

US Pat. No. 9,268,967

INTERNET PROTOCOL NETWORK MAPPER

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A computing system for performing tasks on targets, the computing system comprising:
a memory storing computer-executable instructions of:
a component that accesses a state transition machine defining states of a procedure, at least some of the states specifying
a task and a next state; and

a state transition engine that, for each target,
sets a current state for the target to an initial state; and
repeatedly performs the processing of the current state as defined by the state transition machine until a termination condition
is satisfied by:

when the current state specifies a task, directing the task to be performed for the target by invoking task code for the task
for the target; and

when the current state does not specify a task or upon completion of the task when the current state specifies a task, setting
the current state for the target to a next state of the current state

wherein the targets are IP ranges of an IP network and the tasks are for actively collecting information from hosts of the
IP network to map the IP network; and

a processor that executes the computer-executable instructions stored in the memory.

US Pat. No. 9,171,988

PHOTOCONDUCTIVE SWITCH PACKAGE

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A method of making a photoconductive switch, comprising:
providing a substrate comprising:
a photoconductive central portion; and
a non-photoconductive outer portion surrounding the central portion; and
forming conducting electrodes on opposed sides of the substrate, with the electrodes covering the central portion and extending
beyond the central portion, wherein each electrode comprises an edge, wherein each of the edges of the electrodes lie over
the outer portion.

US Pat. No. 9,422,586

METHOD FOR GENETIC IDENTIFICATION OF UNKNOWN ORGANISMS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An apparatus for identifying pathogenic and non-pathogenic organisms in a sample, comprising:
a sample preparation means for preparing the sample, said sample preparation means including
reagents and
an emulsifier, and
means for mixing said reagents and said emulsifier, and
droplet maker means, said droplet maker means including an orifice wherein said droplet maker means forces the sample with
the organisms in the sample and said reagents mixed with said emulsifier through said orifice to produce microdroplets with
the sample with the pathogenic and non-pathogenic organisms in said microdroplets;

an amplifier for amplifying the pathogenic and non-pathogenic organisms in the sample in said microdroplets, said amplifer
connected to said droplet maker;

a sorter for sorting said microdroplets, said sorter connected to said amplifier;
an analyzer for analyzing said microdroplets, said analyzer connected to said sorter; and
a system for classifying and identifying the pathogenic and non-pathogenic organisms in the sample in said microdroplets,
said system for classifying and identifying the organisms connected to said analyzer.

US Pat. No. 9,375,894

CONTINUOUS FILAMENT COMPOSITE PARTS AND ARTICLES OF MANUFACTURE THEREOF

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An article of manufacture, comprising:
a plurality of plies in a stacked configuration; and
a bonding layer between at least two of the plies, the bonding layer having a thickness in a range from greater than zero
and less than about 0.25 mm,

wherein each ply comprises a plurality of winds of a tape, the tape winds having edges,
wherein a distance between the edges of adjacent tape winds in the same ply is about constant along a length of the wind,
wherein each tape wind comprises elongated fibers and a matrix, longitudinal axes of the fibers being oriented about parallel
to a longitudinal axis of the tape wind,

wherein each tape wind has a thickness, t, and a width w, wherein t is about equal to w.

US Pat. No. 9,138,571

HIGH-DENSITY PERCUTANEOUS CHRONIC CONNECTOR FOR NEURAL PROSTHETICS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A high density percutaneous chronic connector, comprising:
a first connector structure having an array of magnets surrounding a mounting cavity and means for attaching the first connector
structure to a subject;

a first electrical feedthrough array seated in the mounting cavity of the first connector structure and having a bottom side
for connecting to a percutaneously connected device;

a second connector structure having an array of magnets surrounding a mounting cavity;
a second electrical feedthrough array seated in the mounting cavity of the second structure and having a top side for connecting
to external electronics; and

a feedthrough interconnect matrix positioned between a top side of the first electrical feedthrough array and a bottom side
of the second electrical feedthrough array, and having a plurality of electrically conductive wires arranged in a dielectric
substrate to electrically connect the first electrical feedthrough array to the second electrical feedthrough array; and

wherein the two arrays of magnets are arranged to attract in a first angular position to connect the first and second connector
structures together and electrically connect the percutaneously connected device to the external electronics, and to repel
in a second angular position to facilitate removal of the second connector structure from the first connector structure.

US Pat. No. 9,366,668

DEVICE, ARRAY, AND METHODS FOR DISEASE DETECTION AND ANALYSIS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A multiplex immunoassay detection device for simultaneous measurement of a plurality of distinct breast cancer markers
in a patient serum sample, comprising:
a glass solid support consisting of an array of antibody Clone 191924 for HER2, antibody Clone 36006.211 for MMP-2, antibody
Clone M8071022 for CA-15-3 and antibody Clone 190312 for osteopontin;

a glass cover plate, wherein the glass cover plate forms an upper surface positioned above the solid support;
a vertical support comprising adhesive silicone, wherein the vertical support forms a connection between the solid support
and the cover plate, the connection forming at least one channel surrounding the array of antibody Clone 191924 for HER2,
antibody Clone 36006.211 for MMP-2, antibody Clone M8071022 for CA-15-3 and antibody Clone 190312 for osteopontin, and wherein
the at least one channel comprises a first end and a second end and wherein the first end of the at least one channel comprises
an opening;

an absorbent material comprising a nitrocellulose membrane connected to the second end;
and a set of biotinylated detection antibodies for detection of breast cancer markers bound to antibody Clone 191924 for HER2,
antibody Clone 36006.211 for MMP-2, antibody Clone M8071022 for CA-15-3 and antibody Clone 190312 for osteopontin, the detection
antibodies consisting of antibody clone AF-1129 for HER2, antibody clone AF-902 for MMP-2, antibody Clone M8071021 for CA
15-3 and antibody Clone AF-1433 for osteopontin.

US Pat. No. 9,279,321

ENCAPSULATED MICROSENSORS FOR RESERVOIR INTERROGATION

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

21. A system, comprising:
at least one microsensor configured to detect one or more conditions of a fluidic medium of a reservoir; and
a receptacle, wherein the receptacle encapsulates the at least one microsensor, wherein the receptacle comprises a first shell
and a second shell, wherein the second shell is concentrically disposed in the first shell, wherein the at least one microsensor
is disposed in a region between the first shell and the second shell.

US Pat. No. 9,234,968

PLASTIC SCINTILLATORS WITH HIGH LOADING OF ONE OR MORE METAL CARBOXYLATES

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A material, comprising:
at least one metal compound incorporated into a polymeric matrix,
wherein the metal compound includes a metal and one or more carboxylate ligands,
wherein at least one of the one or more carboxylate ligands includes a tertiary butyl group,
wherein the material is optically transparent.

US Pat. No. 9,197,110

ELECTROSTATIC STABILIZER FOR A PASSIVE MAGNETIC BEARING SYSTEM

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a right cylindrical rotor rotatable about a central longitudinal axis, wherein said rotor comprises a first rotor surface
comprising metal and a second rotor surface comprising metal, wherein said first rotor surface and said second rotor surface
are located at opposite ends of said rotor;

a first pair of concentric electrodes, comprising a first electrode and a second electrode, wherein said first electrode and
said second electrode are spaced from each other and are spaced by a first gap from said first rotor surface;

a second pair of concentric electrodes, comprising a third electrode and a fourth electrode, wherein said third electrode
and said fourth electrode are spaced from each other and are spaced by a second gap from said second rotor surface;

at least one source of radio frequency (RF) voltage connected across said first electrode and said second electrode to form
a first series circuit, wherein said at least one source of RF voltage is connected across said third electrode and said fourth
electrode to form a second series circuit;

at least one inductor in said first series circuit;
at least one inductor in said second series circuit; and
a passive magnetic bearing system configured to provide radial and tilt stabilization of said rotor with respect to said central
longitudinal axis upon rotation of said rotor.

US Pat. No. 9,194,958

STABILIZED THALLIUM BROMIDE RADIATION DETECTORS AND METHODS OF MAKING THE SAME

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A crystal, comprising:
thallium bromide (TlBr);
one or more positively charged dopants; and
one or more negatively charged dopants,
wherein a concentration of the one or more positively charged dopants is about equal to a concentration of the one or more
negatively charged dopants.

US Pat. No. 9,308,583

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR HIGH POWER DIODE BASED ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A system for performing an Additive Manufacturing (AM) fabrication process on a powdered material forming a substrate,
the system comprising:
a diode array for generating an optical signal sufficient to melt or sinter a powdered material of the substrate;
a mask for receiving the optical signal generated by the diode array, the mask forming a liquid crystal polarization rotator,
the liquid crystal polarization rotator including a liquid crystal module and a polarizer, wherein the liquid crystal module
operates to receive and to rotate a first portion of the optical signal passing therethrough while allowing a second portion
of the optical signal to pass therethrough without being rotated, and wherein the polarizer operates to reject one of the
first or second portions of the optical signal received from the liquid crystal module, and thus to prevent the one of the
first or second portions from reaching the substrate, while the polarizer allows the other one of the first or second portions
of the optical signal to reach the substrate, the liquid crystal module of the mask having a plurality of pixels arranged
in a two dimensional pattern that are individually controlled to enable the mask to mask off one or more selected areas of
a specific layer of the powdered material of the substrate, and wherein the mask absorbs substantially no optical energy from
the optical signal; and

at least one processor controlling an output of the diode array and assisting in controlling operation of the mask such that
only selected one of the pixels are controlled to enable portions of the optical signal passing through the liquid crystal
polarization rotator to be rotated to thus form the first portion of the optical signal.

US Pat. No. 9,290,768

ENGINEERED MICROORGANISMS HAVING RESISTANCE TO IONIC LIQUIDS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A method of increasing the yield from a reaction in which soluble sugars are a source of carbon, the method comprising
incubating a microorganism with biomass pretreated with an ionic liquid, wherein the biomass pretreated with an ionic liquid
provides a source of soluble sugars as a carbon source, wherein the microorganism comprises a heterologous gene encoding a
Major Facilitator Superfamily 1 (MFS 1) polypeptide operably linked to a promoter, wherein said MFS 1 polypeptide has an amino
acid sequence with at least 95% sequence identity to the amino acid sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO:2, and wherein said MFS
1 polypeptide facilitates resistance of the microorganism to said ionic liquid as compared to a microorganism without said
heterologous gene.
US Pat. No. 9,260,571

HYBRID POLYMER NETWORKS AS ULTRA LOW ‘K’ DIELECTRIC LAYERS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A polymeric material, comprising:
a network of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) polymers; and
at least one polyhedral oligomericsilsequioxane (POSS) molecule chemically coupled to at least one PDMS polymer,
wherein the polymeric material has a porosity in a range from about 15% to about 80%,
wherein a molar ratio of the at least one POSS molecule to the at least one PDMS molecule is in a range from about 8:1 to
about 1:1,

wherein the at least one POSS molecule is represented by Rn(SiO1.5)n, wherein n is an even integer from 6 to 16, wherein at least one of the Rn groups is a reactive functional group for co-polymerization, wherein the reactive functional group is selected from the group
consisting of: a carboxylic acid halide, a sulphonic acid ester, a nitrile, a sulphonic acid, a sulphonic acid halide, a phosphine,
and combinations thereof.

US Pat. No. 9,170,367

WAVEGUIDES HAVING PATTERNED, FLATTENED MODES

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A waveguide that propagates a field-flattened preferred mode, said waveguide comprising:
one or more strands, a shell that surrounds all of said one or more strands, and a cladding that surrounds said shell;
wherein said shell comprises a shell refractive index structure configured to induce the field of said preferred mode to have
a gradient of zero or nearly zero along the interior perimeter of said shell refractive index structure and to decay with
increasing distance in said cladding; and

wherein each of said one or more strands comprises a strand refractive index structure configured to induce the field of said
preferred mode to have a gradient of zero or nearly zero along the exterior perimeter of said strand refractive index structure
and wherein the centroid of at least one of said strands is displaced from the centroid of said shell.

US Pat. No. 9,062,545

HIGH STRAIN RATE METHOD OF PRODUCING OPTIMIZED FRACTURE NETWORKS IN RESERVOIRS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

11. A method of fracturing a geological formation penetrated by a main borehole or proximate the main borehole, comprising
the steps of:
drilling a pattern of side boreholes from the main borehole into or proximate the geological formation,
hydrofracking the geological formation,
emplacing energetic charges in said side boreholes away from the main borehole,
isolating said side boreholes from the main borehole by cementing off said side boreholes from said main borehole, and
detonating said energetic charges and fracturing the geological formation.

US Pat. No. 9,331,452

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR HOMOGENIZING DIODE LASER PUMP ARRAYS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A method of fabricating a diffractive homogenizer, the method comprising:
providing a partially transmissive optical element having a predetermined grayscale intensity pattern thereon;
providing a transparent optical element; directing UV radiation through the partially transmissive optical element to impinge
on the transparent optical element;

exposing a predetermined portion of the transparent optical element to the UV radiation; and
thermally treating the transparent optical element to produce the diffractive homogenizer characterized by a continuously
varying index of refraction profile as a function of position within the transparent optical element.

US Pat. No. 9,290,855

STABILIZATION OF GREEN BODIES VIA SACRIFICIAL GELLING AGENT DURING ELECTROPHORETIC DEPOSITION

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A product, comprising:
a plurality of layers, each of the plurality of layers comprising non-spherical particles,
wherein each layer comprises a gradient in composition, microstructure, and/or density of the non-spherical particles in an
x-y plane oriented parallel to a plane of deposition of the plurality of layers along a predetermined distance in a z-direction
perpendicular to the plane of deposition,

wherein each of the non-spherical particles has a longitudinal axis, the longitudinal axes of the non-spherical particles
being oriented in a single common direction.

US Pat. No. 9,279,894

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR NEUTRON DETECTION USING SCINTILLATOR NANO-MATERIALS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A neutron detector, comprising:
a three dimensional matrix, comprising:
nanocomposite materials; and
a substantially transparent film material for suspending the nanocomposite materials,
wherein the nanocomposite materials comprise converter materials and scintillator materials,
wherein the converter materials have a greatest dimension in a range from greater than 0 nm to less than or equal to about
10 nm;

a detector coupled to the three dimensional matrix, wherein the detector is configured to detect a change in the nanocomposite
materials; and

an analyzer coupled to the detector, the analyzer being adapted for analyzing the change detected by the detector.

US Pat. No. 9,318,866

SUB-WAVELENGTH PLASMON LASER

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A plasmonic laser comprising plasmon resonant cavities filled with an active gain medium, wherein the plasmon resonant
cavities comprise:
a planar substrate; and
an array of metal-coated dielectric nanowires end-connected substantially orthogonally to the planar substrate and in parallel
arrangement with each other so that plasmon resonant gap-cavities capable of supporting propagation of gap plasmon modes are
formed between adjacent pairs of said nanowires with one end of each of said plasmon resonant gap-cavities delimited by a
surface of the planar substrate and another end of each of said plasmon resonant gap-cavities open ended, and
wherein the gain medium comprises a solution of an organic dye having an absorption maximum at a first wavelength and an emission
maximum at a second wavelength,wherein absorption at the first wavelength produces a population inversion in the gain medium, andwherein the plasmon resonant cavities have a plasmon resonance or resonances that substantially align with the absorption
and emission maxima of the dye.

US Pat. No. 9,072,156

DIAMAGNETIC COMPOSITE MATERIAL STRUCTURE FOR REDUCING UNDESIRED ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE AND EDDY CURRENTS IN DIELECTRIC WALL ACCELERATORS AND OTHER DEVICES

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A dielectric wall accelerator for accelerating charged particles, comprising:
a dielectric tube to receive a pulse of charged particles propagating along a tube lengthwise direction of the dielectric
tube;

a series of unit cells located outside, and engaged to, different tube sections of the dielectric tube, the unit cells each
including parallel electrical conductor lines transversely connected to the different tube sections, respectively, and spaced
apart along the tube lengthwise direction to apply electrical signals to effectuate acceleration electrical fields at the
different tube sections along the tube lengthwise direction inside the dielectric tube;

a control device coupled to the unit cells to supply electrical power to the parallel electrical conductor lines within the
unit cells and to control the unit cells to turn on and off the applied electrical signals in the unit cells, respectively,
one unit cell at a time sequentially along the tube lengthwise direction to synchronize the acceleration electrical field
at the different tube sections with propagation of the pulse of charged particles to accelerate the charged particles; and

a diamagnetic composite material structure outside the unit cells to surround the dielectric tube and the unit cells and including
diamagnetic composite sheets that are separated from one another to provide a high impedance composite material structure,
wherein each diamagnetic composite sheet includes patterned conductor layers that are separated by a dielectric material and
each include voids and conductor areas, wherein voids in the patterned conductor layers of each diamagnetic composite sheet
are arranged to be displaced in position from one patterned conductor layer to an adjacent patterned conductor layer while
conductor areas of the patterned conductor layers collectively form a contiguous conductor structure in each diamagnetic composite
sheet to prevent penetration by a magnetic field, and wherein each diamagnetic composite sheet is connected to at least one
conductor line in a respective unit cell to reduce a magnetic field induced current.

US Pat. No. 9,207,194

PHASE-SENSITIVE TWO-DIMENSIONAL NEUTRON SHEARING INTERFEROMETER AND HARTMANN SENSOR

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. Apparatus for two-dimensional neutron imaging of a sample comprising:
a beam coherence generator on which a neutron beam is incident and which transmits a substantially coherent neutron beam therethrough;
a two-dimensional structure with periodic features in a pair of transverse orthogonal dimensions spaced from the beam coherence
generator, wherein a sample can be positioned between the beam coherence generator and the structure so that the coherent
beam from the beam coherence generator passes through the sample and the resulting encoded beam is incident on the structure,
wherein the two-dimensional structure is a two-dimensional Hartmann amplitude mask or phase screen as embodied by a two-dimensional
array of zone plates, multilayer off-axis mirrors or refractive lenses; and

a neutron detector positioned after the two-dimensional structure to detect both phase shift and absorption of neutrons passing
through the sample.

US Pat. No. 9,453,289

METHODS OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL ELECTROPHORETIC DEPOSITION FOR CERAMIC AND CERMET APPLICATIONS AND SYSTEMS THEREOF

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A product, comprising:
a first layer having a gradient in composition, microstructure and/or density in an x-y plane oriented parallel to a plane
of deposition of the first layer,

wherein the first layer includes non-spherical particles, wherein the non-spherical particles are micro-rod and/or nano-rod
particles; and

wherein the product is optically transparent.

US Pat. No. 9,419,721

WIDE BANDGAP MATRIX SWITCHER, AMPLIFIER AND OSCILLATOR

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An electronic device, comprising:
an electrical power supply;
a first electrode coupled to the electrical power supply;
a second electrode separated from the first electrode;
a wide bandgap photoconductive material located between and in contact with the first and second electrodes and responsive
to input radiation to change an electrical conductivity of an electrical path between the first and second electrodes through
the wide bandgap photoconductive material;

a radiation source that produces the input radiation received by the wide bandgap photoconductive material; and
an electrical to optical conversion device that receives a sample of an electrical output signal from the first or second
electrode and converts the received sample of the electrical output signal into an optical signal that is applied with the
input radiation into the wide bandgap photoconductive material to form a closed signal loop to sustain a self-oscillation
in the electronic device.

US Pat. No. 9,266,107

MONODISPERSE MICRODROPLET GENERATION AND STOPPING WITHOUT COALESCENCE

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

3. An apparatus for monodispersed microdroplet generation and trapping of a sample wherein the sample is in an aqueous solution,
comprising:
a microchip;
a microfluidic flow channel in said microchip;
a source of the sample in an aqueous solution, a source fluid and non magnetic particles wherein the sample adheres to said
non magnetic particles, said source connected to said microfluidic flow channel, said source including a pump;

a droplet maker that generates microdroplets containing the sample in an aqueous solution, said source fluid and said non
magnetic particles, said droplet maker connected to said microfluidic flow channel and connected to said source of the sample,
said source fluid and said non magnetic particles, wherein said droplet maker includes a T-junction connected to said microfluidic
flow channel and connected to said source of the sample, said source fluid and said non magnetic particles producing microdroplets
containing the sample, said source fluid and said non magnetic particles;

a carrier fluid in said microfluidic flow channel, said carrier fluid introduced to said microfluidic flow channel by
a source of carrier fluid wherein said source of carrier fluid is a source of water carrier fluid and wherein said source
fluid is oil, wherein said carrier fluid in said flow channel is water producing microdroplets of oil source fluid, the sample,
and said non magnetic particles in water carrier fluid in said microfluidic flow channel, said source of carrier fluid including
a pump;

a trapping section in said microfluidic flow channel, said trapping section comprising a portion of said microfluidic flow
channel wherein said non magnetic particles and said microdroplets are trapped; and

a valve system including a multiport valve,
said multiport valve directly connected to said microfluidic flow channel and
said multiport valve directly connected to said T-junction, and
said multiport valve directly connected to said source of the sample in an aqueous solution, a source fluid and non magnetic
particles and

said multiport valve directly connected to said carrier fluid,
wherein said valve system controls flow of said carrier fluid to stop said non magnetic particles and said microdroplets in
said trapping section and enables trapping of said microdroplets and said non magnetic particles in said trapping section.


US Pat. No. 9,255,995

GAMMA RAY SPECTROSCOPY EMPLOYING DIVALENT EUROPIUM-DOPED ALKALINE EARTH HALIDES AND DIGITAL READOUT FOR ACCURATE HISTOGRAMMING

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A scintillator radiation detector system, comprising:
a scintillator; and
a processing device for processing pulse traces corresponding to light pulses from the scintillator, wherein the processing
device is configured to: process each pulse trace over at least two temporal windows and to use pulse digitization to improve
energy resolution of the system.

US Pat. No. 9,192,056

METHODS AND SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLED LASER-DRIVEN EXPLOSIVE BONDING

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

18. A method of depositing a material, the method comprising:
providing a substrate having an upper surface;
positioning the material over and at an oblique angle with respect to the upper surface of the substrate;
flowing a liquid over the material to form a tamping layer;
directing a laser beam to be incident at a first location of the material;
generating a pressure at an interface region between the tamping layer and the material;
accelerating the material towards the upper surface of the substrate; and
depositing the material on at least a first portion of the upper surface of the substrate.

US Pat. No. 9,269,527

HIGH-SPEED MULTI-FRAME DYNAMIC TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPE IMAGE ACQUISITION SYSTEM WITH ARBITRARY TIMING

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An electron microscope comprising:
a laser-driven photocathode;
an arbitrary waveform generation (AWG) laser system for producing a train of temporally-shaped laser pulses each having a
programmable pulse duration, and arranged to direct the laser pulses to the laser-driven photocathode for producing a train
of electron pulses;

a first lens stack arranged to focus the train of electron pulses to a sample; a second lens stack producing a magnified image
or diffraction pattern of the sample onto an image sensor;

a deflector subsystem having a plurality of electrostatic deflector plates arranged downstream of the sample and upstream
of the image sensor, the deflector plates arranged offset from, and circumscribing, an axis along which the train of electron
pulses travel; and

a control system including a digital sequencing component in communication with both the AWG laser system and the deflector
subsystem, the control system communicating with a plurality of switching components and synchronized with the AWG laser system
for rapidly and reversibly switching voltage signals applied to each one of the deflector plates to independently control
excitation of each one of the deflector plates to sync operation of the deflector subsystem with the train of laser pulses,
to direct each said electron pulse to a different portion of the image sensor to capture a high-speed sequence of images or
diffraction patterns of the sample, and to provide each said electron pulse with an independently set and programmable pulse
duration, and to set inter-pulse spacings between sequentially generated ones of the electron pulses that are independently
controlled by the control system and programmable.

US Pat. No. 9,171,646

CONTROL OF A LASER INERTIAL CONFINEMENT FUSION-FISSION POWER PLANT

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A fusion-fission engine comprising:
a chamber having a fusion source of neutrons;
a fuel region for containing fertile or fissile fuel surrounding at least a portion of the chamber, wherein neutrons from
the fusion source are introduced into the fertile or fissile fuel to convert it into different atomic weight elements and
produce heat;

a coolant which includes lithium circulating through the fertile or fissile fuel to extract heat therefrom for use in another
process; and

a coolant replenishing system for replenishing the lithium based coolant, the coolant replenishing system providing both 6Li and 7Li coolant in a specified ratio, wherein changing the ratio enables control of the heat produced by the engine.

US Pat. No. 9,285,340

METHODS FOR SEPARATING PARTICLES AND/OR NUCLEIC ACIDS USING ISOTACHOPHORESIS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

20. A method, comprising:
co-feeding fluids to a channel via an inlet, the fluids comprising:
a leading electrolyte;
a trailing electrolyte;
at least one biological object;
at least one of DNA and RNA;
a first spacer electrolyte having an electrophoretic mobility that is between an electrophoretic mobility of the leading electrolyte
and an electrophoretic mobility of the at least one protein and the at least one of the DNA and the RNA;

a second spacer electrolyte having an electrophoretic mobility that is between an electrophoretic mobility of the trailing
electrolyte and the electrophoretic mobility of the at least one protein and the at least one of the DNA and the RNA; and

a third spacer electrolyte having an electrophoretic mobility that is between an electrophoretic mobility of at least one
biological object in one of the fluids and the electrophoretic mobility of the at least one biological object and the at least
one of the DNA and the RNA;

generating a pressure gradient across the fluids as the fluids flow;
applying an electric field to the fluids in a direction perpendicular to an axis of the channel;
acoustically focusing one or more of the leading electrolyte, the trailing electrolyte, the at least one biological object,
the at least one of the DNA and the RNA, the first spacer electrolyte, the second spacer electrolyte, and the third spacer
electrolyte;

separating the leading electrolyte, the trailing electrolyte, the at least one biological object, the at least one of the
DNA and the RNA, the first spacer electrolyte, the second spacer electrolyte, and the third spacer electrolyte into individual
fluid flows within the channel; and

extracting, via a plurality of outlets, each of the leading electrolyte, the trailing electrolyte, the at least one biological
object, the at least one of the DNA and the RNA, the first spacer electrolyte, the second spacer electrolyte, and the third
spacer electrolyte from each of the individual fluid flows within the channel;

wherein the fluids are co-fed to the channel under an amount of pressure higher than atmospheric pressure,
wherein the fluids are co-fed to the channel in a mixture, and
wherein the pressure gradient is generated via selective application of one or more of a vacuum and gravity.

US Pat. No. 9,986,627

METHOD FOR EFFICIENT, NARROW-BANDWIDTH, LASER COMPTON X-RAY AND GAMMA-RAY SOURCES

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A method for generating x-rays or gamma rays via laser Compton scattering, comprising:providing a beam-of-laser-pulses with a multi-GHz radio frequency (RF) repetition rate;
utilizing said beam-of-laser-pulses to provide electron micro bunches at said radio frequency (RF), wherein said RF is the operating RF of a linear accelerator that provides said bunches, wherein said bunches are directed to propagate, with radio frequency spacing between successive said bunches, within a first confocal region, wherein said first confocal region is produced by focusing said electron micro bunches; and
utilizing said beam-of-laser-pulses to provide interaction-region-laser-pulses at said RF, wherein each interaction-region-laser-pulse of said interaction-region-laser-pulses has a pulse duration within the range of 10 ps to 1 fs, wherein said interaction-region-laser-pulses are directed to propagate, with radio frequency spacing between successive said each interaction-region-laser-pulse, within a second confocal region, wherein said second confocal region is produced by focusing said interaction-region-laser-pulses, wherein said first confocal region and said second confocal region intersect in an interaction region such that said electron micro bunches collide with said interaction-region-laser-pulses to generate incoherent x-rays or gamma-rays via laser Compton scattering, wherein the pulse duration of said each interaction-region-laser-pulse is of the order of the transit time of said each interaction-region-laser-pulse through said second confocal region and wherein the pulse duration of each electron micro bunch of said electron micro bunches is of the order of the transit time of said each interaction-region-laser-pulse through said second confocal region.

US Pat. No. 9,405,083

OMNIDIRECTIONAL OPTICAL WAVEGUIDE

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A system, comprising:
a scintillator material;
a detector coupled to the scintillator material; and
a waveguide coupled to the scintillator material, the waveguide comprising:
a plurality of first layers comprising one or more materials having a refractive index in a first range;
a plurality of second layers comprising one or more materials having a refractive index in a second range, the second range
being lower than the first range, and

a plurality of interfaces being defined between alternating ones of the first and second layers,
wherein the one or more materials of the plurality of first layers comprise a different material than the scintillator material;
and

wherein the one or more materials of the plurality of second layers comprise a different material than the scintillator material.

US Pat. No. 10,016,844

CHEMICAL, BIOLOGICAL, AND RADIOACTIVE CONTAMINATION REMEDIATION WITH LASERS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An apparatus for remediation of a radiation contaminated wall that has a radiation contaminated surface, comprising:a robot with a carriage having wheels or treads and a carriage body portion;
at least one arm extending from said robot;
a laser carried by said at least one arm, wherein said laser is a solid state pulsed laser that produces a laser beam of nano-second pulses, and wherein said laser is positioned on said at least one arm extending from said robot;
wherein said laser is a solid state pulsed laser that produces a laser beam of nano-second pulses and wherein said solid state pulsed laser produces 20 J, 15 nsec. pulses with 5 Hz repetition rate;
wherein said laser beam produced by said laser is directed to the radiation contaminated wall that has a radiation contaminated surface to ablate the radiation contaminated surface producing radiation contaminated particles, wherein said laser beam is positioned at an angle to the radiation contaminated surface and said laser beam strikes the radiation contaminated surface at said angle and ablates the radiation contaminated surface producing said radiation contaminated particles, and wherein said laser is positioned so that said laser beam directly strikes said radiation contaminated surface;
an enclosed ejecta debris collection structure including a debris collection unit attached to said least one arm, said debris collection unit positioned against the radiation contaminated wall and the radiation contaminated surface to receive said radiation contaminated particles;
a seal located between said debris collection unit and the radiation contaminated surface of said radiation contaminated wall, said seal being a fluid tight seal located between said debris collection unit and the radiation contaminated surface of said radiation contaminated wall;
a fluid circulation system connected to said enclosed ejecta debris collection structure that collects said radiation contaminated particles;
a container in said robot; and
a line connected to said fluid circulation system providing a connection between said enclosed ejecta debris collection structure and said container wherein said radiation contaminated particles are directed into said container to remediate the radiation contaminated surface.

US Pat. No. 9,481,930

FABRICATION OF DIAMOND SHELLS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An article of manufacture, comprising:
a shell enclosing a hollow volume;
the shell having a polycrystalline diamond film having a surface roughness less than about 400 nm,
wherein the hollow volume has a length of between 2 mm and about 5 mm along a long dimension, and
wherein the diamond film is capable of isotropic transmission of sound, wherein said diamond film further comprises a dopant,
wherein said dopant is at least one element selected from a list consisting of: hydrogen, carbon, argon, boron, oxygen, nitrogen,
sulfur, tungsten, tantalum, and phosphorus.

US Pat. No. 9,062,952

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR ELECTROPHORETIC DEPOSITION OF ENERGETIC MATERIALS AND COMPOSITIONS THEREOF

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A product comprising:
a part comprising at least one component characterized as an energetic material, wherein the at least one component is at
least partially characterized by physical characteristics of being deposited by an electrophoretic deposition process,

wherein the energetic material comprises at least one highly explosive material.

US Pat. No. 9,240,506

TRANSPARENT CERAMIC PHOTO-OPTICAL SEMICONDUCTOR HIGH POWER SWITCHES

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A photoconductive semiconductor switch, comprising:
a structure of sintered nanoparticles of a high band gap material exhibiting a lower electrical resistance when excited by
light relative to an electrical resistance thereof when not exposed to the light.

US Pat. No. 9,434,645

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR LASER-BASED, NON-EVAPORATIVE REPAIR OF DAMAGE SITES IN THE SURFACES OF FUSED SILICA OPTICS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A method of repairing a damage site on a surface of an optical material comprising:
focusing an Infrared (IR) laser beam from a laser, of a predetermined wavelength, with a predetermined beam power, to a predetermined
full width (“F/W”) 1/e2 diameter spot size on the damage site;

maintaining the focused IR laser beam on the damage site for a first time duration at the 1/e2 diameter spot size to produce a first, predetermined, continuous level of beam power, which produces a predetermined acceptable
level of downstream intensification;

further using the focused IR laser beam at the 1/e2 diameter spot size to heat the damage site to a predetermined peak temperature, which melts and reflows material at the damage
site of the optical material to create a mitigated site; and

while maintaining the 1/e2 diameter spot size constant with that used during the first time duration and during the melting and reflowinq of the material
at the damage site, subsequently ramping down the beam power to a reduced, second beam power level over a second time duration,
the second beam power being at least just below the glass transition temperature of the optical material.

US Pat. No. 9,425,001

METHOD OF MAKING SUPER CAPACITOR WITH FIBERS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A method of making electrical cell, comprising the steps of:
forming a monolith containing a multiplicity of conductive fibers embedded in a foam, said multiplicity of conductive fibers
extending throughout said foam and said monolith having a bottom;

coating said conductive fibers with a dielectric coating to produce coated conductive fibers;
forming a potted layer on the bottom of said monolith using a non-electrical conductive material;
using a plane operation to produce a planed surface on said potted layer on the bottom of the monolith;
applying a conductive coating over said planed surface of said potted layer; and
infusing a conductive material into said monolith.
US Pat. No. 9,441,154

BARIUM IODIDE AND STRONTIUM IODIDE CRYSTALS AND SCINTILLATORS IMPLEMENTING THE SAME

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A single crystal, comprising:
at least one metal halide, wherein the at least one metal halide comprises beryllium iodide;
an activator dopant comprising ytterbium, wherein the ytterbium is divalent; and
at least one compound selected from a group consisting of: a selenide, and a telluride.

US Pat. No. 9,250,353

NUCLEAR RADIATION CLEANUP AND URANIUM PROSPECTING

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A method of uranium prospecting by sampling solid surfaces, comprising the steps of:
providing a global positioning system,
identifying an area of to be sampled using said global positioning system and identifying individual locations within said
area to be sampled using said global positioning system wherein the solid surfaces are in said area,

providing a laser that produces a laser beam,
collecting samples from the solid surfaces in said area with locations of said samples identified using said laser beam of
said laser by directing said laser beam onto the solid surfaces to produce the samples wherein said locations of the samples
within said area are retained using said global positioning system that produces retained sample locations,

analyzing said samples and producing sample results including said retained sample locations, and
relating said sample results to said locations using said global positioning system and said retained sample locations.

US Pat. No. 9,243,222

COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS FOR PATHOGEN TRANSPORT

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A transport population or culture of amoeba capable of encysting a pathogen, in a two compartment container, the container
comprising:
a) a first compartment that has at one end a removable cap with a locking device to which is attached an elongated sampling
device or swab member and wherein the first compartment comprises iron rich media,

b) a second compartment comprising the amoeba in a buffer,
c) a pathogen sample, and
d) a permeable membrane that separates the container into the two compartments that is ruptured by the elongated member when
the locking device is activated allowing the mixing of the iron rich media, the pathogen sample and the amoeba.

US Pat. No. 9,052,255

SYSTEM FOR AUTONOMOUS MONITORING OF BIOAGENTS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A method of monitoring air for bioagents, the air containing potential bioagent particles of various sizes, consisting
the steps of:
gathering said air containing potential bioagent particles of various sizes by forming a flow stream of the air containing
potential bioagent particles of various sizes;

directing said flow stream of the air through a slot that only admits the potential bioagent particles of various sizes that
are smaller than a predetermined size;

using a virtual impactor for separating said potential bioagent particles of various sizes that are smaller than said predetermined
size into a further separation by size range that are likely to contain said bioagents and collecting said potential bioagent
particles of a size range that are likely to contain said bioagents by causing said flow stream to change directions in said
virtual impactor wherein some of the potential bioagent particles of various sizes do not change directions leaving only potential
bioagent particles of a size range that are likely to contain said bioagents;

collecting said bioagents in said potential bioagent particles of a size range that are likely to contain said bioagents by
directing said potential bioagent particles of a size range that are likely to contain said bioagents from said virtual impactor
to a fluid wetted-wall cyclone collector wherein said potential bioagent particles of a size range that are likely to contain
said bioagents are concentrated in a volume of said fluid between two cubic centimeters and seven cubic centimeters and,

detecting said bioagents in said potential bioagent particles of a size range that are likely to contain said bioagents in
said volume of fluid between two cubic centimeters and seven cubic centimeters in said wetted-wall cyclone collector by mixing
optically encoded microbeads coded with fluorescently labeled antibodies with said potential bioagent particles of a size
range that are likely to contain said bioagents and detecting said bioagents with said optically encoded microbeads coded
with fluorescently labeled antibodies with a laser.

US Pat. No. 9,480,935

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR SEPARATING PARTICLES AND/OR SUBSTANCES FROM A SAMPLE FLUID

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A method for separating particles from a sample fluid, comprising:
simultaneously passing a sample fluid and a buffer fluid through a chamber such that a fluidic interface is formed between
the sample fluid and the buffer fluid as the fluids pass through the chamber, the sample fluid having particles of a first
characteristic and particles of a second characteristic therein;

applying at least one of an electrophoretic and a dielectrophoretic force to the fluids for urging the particles of the first
characteristic to pass through the interface into the buffer fluid;

applying an acoustic force to the fluids for urging the particles of the second characteristic to remain in the sample fluid;
and

substantially separating the buffer fluid from the sample fluid;
wherein the particles of the second characteristic substantially remain in the sample fluid during the separation.
US Pat. No. 9,051,411

SHAPE MEMORY POLYMERS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A crosslinked thermoset shape memory polyurethane polymer medical device comprising:
a crosslinked thermoset polyurethane polymer comprising a covalently bonded network structure and a reaction product of an
aliphatic diisocyanate monomer reacted with at least one symmetric hydroxyl containing monomer;

wherein said polymer has shape memory behavior and is formed into a permanent primary shape, re-formed into a stable secondary
shape, and is configured to be controllably actuated to recover said permanent primary shape;

wherein the diisocyanate monomer and the at least one symmetric hydroxyl containing monomer are formulated to a 1:1 ratio
of isocyanate to hydroxyl functional groups;

wherein the at least one symmetric hydroxyl containing monomer includes at least one of N,N,N?,N?-tetrakis (2-hydroxypropyl)
ethylenediamine (HPED) and triethanol amine (TEA);

wherein the polymer has a Young's modulus in a range of 1 to 100 MPa at a temperature above a glass transition temperature
of the polymer.

US Pat. No. 9,581,243

EMERGENCY SACRIFICIAL SEALING METHOD IN FILTERS, EQUIPMENT, OR SYSTEMS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An emergency sacrificial sealing method of sealing that will continuing to seal in the event of hot air or fire, comprising
the steps of:
providing a filter;
providing a base;
providing said filter with a tubular filter element having an internal passage, a closed top, and an open bottom;
providing said base with a base plate;
providing a hole in said base plate;
positioning said tubular filter element over said base plate directly connected to said base plate with said open bottom of
said tubular filter element over said hole in said base;

positioning a first seal material between said tubular filter element and said base plate to provide a seal of said tubular
filter element to said base plate wherein said first seal material is a gel seal material;

providing a second seal material that is a material that will expand when exposed to heat and will harden; and
positioning said second seal material between said tubular filter element and said base plate and proximate said first seal
material, wherein said first seal material and said second seal material are positioned relative to each other and relative
to said tubular filter element and said base plate to seal said tubular filter element to said base plate; and upon the event
of hot air or fire said second seal material will be activated and expand to continue to seal said tubular filter element
to said base in the event of hot air or fire.

US Pat. No. 9,416,619

CEMENTING A WELLBORE USING CEMENTING MATERIAL ENCAPSULATED IN A SHELL

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A composition for use in a cementing process, comprising:
a fluid,
capsules in said fluid, wherein said capsules have a shell with energetic material embedded in said shell, and
a setting material encapsulated in said capsules,
wherein a shock wave is capable of releasing said setting material from said capsules in said fluid by disrupting said shell
by igniting said energetic material in said shell and releasing said setting material from said capsules so that the setting
material sets at a predetermined time.

US Pat. No. 10,123,380

INSTANTANEOUS IN-LINE HEATING OF SAMPLES ON A MONOLITHIC MICROWAVE INTEGRATED CIRCUIT MICROFLUIDIC DEVICE

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A micro-electro-mechanical system apparatus for heating a sample, comprising:a silicon substrate having a planar surface,
a single straight linear co-planar micro-channel flow channel in said silicon substrate extending from said planar surface into said silicon substrate,
a micro-droplet containing the sample wherein said micro-droplet is within said single straight micro-channel flow channel in said silicon substrate,
an oil carrier fluid within said single straight micro-channel flow channel in said silicon substrate for moving said micro-droplet containing the sample in said single straight micro-channel flow channel wherein the sample and said oil carrier fluid produce microreactors in said single straight micro-channel flow channel with the sample surrounded by said oil carrier fluid in said micro-reactors,
a glass cover over said single straight micro-channel flow channel,
a first conductive co-planar strip on said solid silicon substrate proximate and parallel to said single straight micro-channel flow channel in said silicon substrate wherein said first conductive co-planar strip is a conductive Indium Tin Oxide strip,
a second conductive co-planar strip on said solid silicon substrate proximate and parallel to said single straight micro-channel flow channel in said silicon substrate wherein said second conductive co-planar strip is a conductive Indium Tin Oxide strip, and
a microwave power source and control connected to said first conductive co-planar strip and said second co-planar conductive strip which provides
a microwave source that directs 18 to 26 GHz microwaves of electromagnetic radiation onto said silicon substrate and onto the sample and onto said oil carrier fluid in said single straight micro-channel flow channel in said silicon substrate for heating the sample.

US Pat. No. 9,723,704

NEUTRON INTERROGATION SYSTEMS USING PYROELECTRIC CRYSTALS AND METHODS OF PREPARATION THEREOF

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a pyroelectric crystal;
a deuterated or tritiated target;
an ion source; and
a common support coupled to the pyroelectric crystal, the deuterated or tritiated target, and the ion source.

US Pat. No. 9,543,569

GRAPHENE-SUPPORTED METAL OXIDE MONOLITH

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A composition comprising at least one graphene-supported metal oxide monolith, said monolith comprising (i) a three-dimensional
network of graphene sheets crosslinked by covalent carbon bonds, and (ii) at least one metal oxide embedded inside said three-dimensional
network, wherein the graphene-supported metal oxide monolith is mesoporous, wherein the graphene-supported metal oxide monolith
has a surface area of at least 500 m2/g, wherein the metal oxide accounts for 40-80 wt. % of the graphene-supported metal oxide monolith, and wherein the metal
oxide comprises manganese, iron, cobalt, nickel, copper, zinc, zirconium, tin, silicon, aluminum, chromium, vanadium, titanium,
or combinations thereof.

US Pat. No. 9,429,663

COMPOUNDS FOR NEUTRON RADIATION DETECTORS AND SYSTEMS THEREOF

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A composition of matter, comprising: an organic molecule having a composition different than stilbene,
wherein the organic molecule is embodied as a single crystal, and
wherein the organic molecule exhibits:
an optical response signature for neutrons;
an optical response signature for gamma rays, and
performance comparable to or superior to stilbene in terms of distinguishing neutrons from gamma rays,
wherein the optical response signature for neutrons is different than the optical response signature for gamma rays
wherein the crystal exhibits physical characteristics of formation from solution, the physical characteristics including faceted
growth on at least one face of the crystal.

US Pat. No. 9,315,858

APPARATUS FOR POINT-OF-CARE DETECTION OF NUCLEIC ACID IN A SAMPLE

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. Apparatus for detecting a target nucleic acid in a sample, the apparatus comprising:
a containment vessel being a sealable tube, wherein the containment vessel has a container body defining a single unpartitioned
cavity;

a sample collection element configured for removable coupling to the containment vessel;
a nucleic acid binding element positioned within the containment vessel,
wherein the sample collection element is configured to collect the sample and to transfer the sample to the nucleic acid binding
element when the sample collection element is removably coupled to the containment vessel, and

wherein the sample collection element includes a lumen and a swab at one end of the lumen, the lumen being configured to deliver
through the swab a fluid to the containment vessel;

a plurality of reagents configured for placement in fluid communication with the nucleic acid binding element,
wherein the plurality of reagents comprises nucleic acid purification reagents and nucleic acid amplification reagents; and
a heater configured to heat the nucleic acid amplification reagents in fluid communication with the nucleic acid binding element,
the heater being a disposable heater applied on an external surface around the containment vessel.

US Pat. No. 9,294,098

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ON DEMAND, VANISHING, HIGH PERFORMANCE ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An integrated circuit system having an integrated circuit component which is able to have its functionality destroyed upon
receiving a command signal, the system comprising:
a substrate;
the integrated circuit component being supported on the substrate;
a module disposed in proximity to the integrated circuit component, the module including:
a cavity;
a dissolving compound in a solid form disposed in the cavity;
a heater component configured to heat the dissolving compound to a point of sublimation where the dissolving compound changes
from a solid to a gaseous dissolving compound; and

a triggering mechanism for initiating a dissolution process whereby the gaseous dissolving compound is allowed to attack the
integrated circuit component and destroy a functionality of the integrated circuit component.

US Pat. No. 9,209,501

ENERGY STORAGE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM WITH DISTRIBUTED WIRELESS SENSORS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

3. An energy storage apparatus and system for monitoring parameters of an energy storage system, comprising:
a management system for monitoring the parameters of the energy storage system;
a battery pack operatively connected to said management system, wherein said battery pack includes a multiplicity of individual
battery cells;

a multiplicity of battery radio frequency identification and sensor units connected to each of said individual battery cells,
each said radio frequency identification and sensor unit operating to sense parameters of each individual battery cell and
provide radio frequency transmission of said parameters of each individual battery cell;

a fly wheel unit operatively connected to said management system,
a fly wheel radio frequency identification and sensor unit connected to said fly wheel unit, said fly wheel radio frequency
identification and sensor unit operating to sense parameters of said fly wheel unit and provide radio frequency transmission
of said parameters of said fly wheel unit;

a fuel cell operatively connected to said management system,
a fuel cell radio frequency identification and sensor unit connected to said fuel cell, said fuel cell radio frequency identification
and sensor unit operating to sense parameters of said fuel cell and provide radio frequency transmission of said parameters
of said fuel cell;

a capacitor operatively connected to said management system, and
a capacitor radio frequency identification and sensor unit connected to said capacitor, said capacitor radio frequency identification
and sensor unit operating to sense parameters of said capacitor and provide radio frequency transmission of said parameters
of said capacitor;

wherein said management system monitors
said battery radio frequency identification transmissions,
said fly wheel radio frequency identification transmissions,
said fuel cell radio frequency identification transmissions, and
said capacitor radio frequency identification transmissions, and transmits said battery radio frequency identification transmissions,
said fly wheel radio frequency identification transmissions, said fuel cell radio frequency identification transmissions,
and said capacitor radio frequency identification transmissions to said management system for monitoring parameters of the
energy storage system.

US Pat. No. 9,205,463

ISOTOPE SPECIFIC ARBITRARY MATERIAL SORTER

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

6. A method, comprising:
providing a beam of mono-energetic gamma rays of a predetermined energy level selected to induce nuclear resonance fluorescence
in a predetermined target isotope;

conveying material through said beam to produce a transmitted beam, wherein if said material comprises said target isotope,
the power of said transmitted beam will be attenuated;

detecting said reduction in power to identify target material comprising said isotope of interest and to further identity
non-target material that does not comprise said isotope of interest; and

mechanically separating said target material from said non-target material, wherein the step of detecting is carried out with
a detector comprising:

a first structure;
a first integrating detector operatively positioned to detect a signal A from said first structure;
a second structure; and
a second integrating detector operatively positioned to detect a signal B from said second structure, wherein said first structure
and said second structure comprise the same atomic material, wherein said first structure comprises a portion A that consist
essentially of a first isotope, wherein said second structure comprises a portion B that consists essentially of a second
isotope, wherein said first structure and said second structure are configured to intercept at least some portion of said
beam of monoenergetic gamma-rays.

US Pat. No. 9,434,997

METHODS, COMPOUNDS AND SYSTEMS FOR DETECTING A MICROORGANISM IN A SAMPLE

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

3. A computer implemented method to identify a set of probe polynucleotides suitable for detecting a set of target microorganisms,
the method comprising a processor:
receiving as input the set of target microorganisms;
receiving as input a set of rules to be satisfied by target sequences and related to hybridization of the target sequences
to complementary polynucleotides;

identifying a set of target polynucleotides by selecting one or more target polynucleotides, each target polynucleotide comprised
in at least one microorganism of the target microorganisms, each target polynucleotide comprising a target sequence satisfying
to the set of rules; and

identifying the set of probe polynucleotides by reverse complementing one or more of the target sequences of the target polynucleotides
of the identified set of target polynucleotides,

wherein identifying a set of target polynucleotides is performed by
identifying a first target polynucleotide and a second target polynucleotide in at least one microorganism of the set of target
microorganisms, wherein the second target polynucleotide comprises a target sequence satisfying to a rule requiring detection
of said at least one microorganism performed by the second target polynucleotide in combination with the first target polynucleotide;

identifying one of the first and the second target polynucleotides in one or more additional target microorganisms, with the
one or more additional target microorganisms different from the first target microorganism; and

identifying one or more additional target polynucleotides in the one or more additional target microorganisms, wherein the
one or more additional target polynucleotides comprise one or more additional target sequences satisfying to a rule requiring
detection of said one or more additional target microorganisms performed by said one or more additional target polynucleotides
in combination with the one of the first target polynucleotide and the second target polynucleotide,

wherein the set of probe polynucleotides includes a first pair of probe polynucleotides identified by complementing target
sequences of the first target polynucleotide or the second target polynucleotide and a second pair of probe polynucleotides
identified by complementing target sequences of the one of the first target polynucleotide and the second target polynucleotide
and target sequences of the one or more additional target polynucleotides; and

wherein identifying a first target polynucleotide and a second target polynucleotide in at least one microorganism of the
set of target microorganisms is performed by

i) identifying a first set of candidate polynucleotides present in at least one of the target microorganisms;
ii) sorting the candidate polynucleotides of the first set by number of target microorganisms in which they occur;
iii) selecting a most frequently occurring polynucleotide as the first target polynucleotide;
iii) for all target microorganisms containing the first target polynucleotide, identifying a second set of candidate polynucleotides
within an upstream or downstream distance range of the first target polynucleotide;

iv) sorting the candidate polynucleotides of the second set by number of target microorganisms in which they occur;
v) selecting a most frequently occurring polynucleotide from the sorted candidate polynucleotides of the second set as the
second target polynucleotide.

US Pat. No. 9,337,365

TRANSVERSELY-ILLUMINATED HIGH CURRENT PHOTOCONDUCTIVE SWITCHES WITH GEOMETRY-CONSTRAINED CONDUCTIVITY PATH

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A photoconductive switch comprising:
a wide bandgap semiconductor material substrate;
a conductive liner on a surface of the wide bandgap semiconductor material substrate; and
electrodes in contact with said wide bandgap semiconductor material substrate, wherein one of said electrodes has an optical
aperture interfacing the conductive liner so that the conductive liner bridges the electrode across the optical aperture,
said optical aperture for transversely directing radiation from a radiation source, through the conductive liner, and into
a triple junction region of said wide bandgap semiconductor material substrate.

US Pat. No. 9,627,777

BROAD BAND ANTENNAS AND FEED METHODS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A dual Vivaldi antenna, comprising:
a first Vivaldi subantenna having a first conductive plate and a second conductive plate supported in a spaced relationship
to the first plate, wherein the first conductive plate and the second conductive plate do not touch each other at any place;
and

a second Vivaldi subantenna electrically connected in parallel to the first Vivaldi subantenna and having a third conductive
plate and a fourth conductive plate supported in a spaced relationship to the third plate, wherein the third conductive plate
and the fourth conductive plate do not touch each other at any place;

wherein the first conductive plate and second conductive plate have a first gap therebetween that is narrowest at a first
throat and increases along curved surfaces of the first conductive plate and second conductive plate to their respective distal
tips, the third conductive plate and fourth conductive plate have a second gap therebetween that is narrowest at a second
throat and increases along curved surfaces of the third conductive plate and fourth conductive plate to their respective distal
tips, the first conductive plate and the third conductive plate being physically and electrically connected together, and
the second conductive plate and the fourth conductive plate being physically and electrically connected together, wherein
said first Vivaldi subantenna and said second Vivaldi subantenna do not include any dielectric material.

US Pat. No. 9,550,186

MICRO-FLUIDIC PARTITIONING BETWEEN POLYMERIC SHEETS FOR CHEMICAL AMPLIFICATION AND PROCESSING

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An apparatus for fluid partitioning for chemical amplification or other chemical processing or separations of a sample,
comprising:
a first dispenser of a first polymeric sheet;
a second dispenser of a second polymeric sheet wherein said first dispenser and said second dispenser are positioned so that
said first polymeric sheet and said second polymeric sheet become parallel;

a dispenser of the sample positioned to dispense the sample between said first polymeric sheet and said second polymeric sheet;
and

a seal unit that seals said first polymeric sheet and said second polymeric sheet together thereby sealing the sample between
said first polymeric sheet and said second polymeric sheet and partitioning the sample for chemical amplification or other
chemical processing or separations, further comprising a chip for producing a magnetic field on said first polymeric sheet
forming the sample into milli- to pico-liter-droplets oriented into a grid array.

US Pat. No. 9,458,115

SYNTHESIS OF SUBSTITUTED PYRAZINES

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A method for synthesizing a pyrazine-containing material, comprising the step of: contacting XN(CH2CN)2 with a base and a reagent selected from a group consisting of a primary amine, a secondary amine, an optionally substituted
aliphatic amine, an arylalkylamine, a heteroarylalkylamine, an alcoholamine, an aryl alcoholamine, hydroxylamine, an acid
addition salt of hydroxylamine and an alcohol, wherein X is a leaving group and wherein the base is selected from a group
consisting of a metal hydroxide, a secondary amine, a tertiary amine and pyridine.

US Pat. No. 9,435,679

TETHERED FLOAT LIQUID LEVEL SENSOR

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A liquid level sensor apparatus for sensing the level of a liquid in a well, consisting of:
a housing extending into the well and into the liquid in the well,
holes in said housing that allow the liquid to enter said housing,
a float in said housing,
a tether element in said housing attached to said float in said housing,
an upper pulley attached to said tether element in said housing,
a lower pulley in said housing attached to said tether element in said housing and attached to said float in said housing,
a tether element tensioner in said housing attached to said lower pulley in said housing, and
a rotation motion sensor connected to said upper pulley that senses vertical movement of said float in said housing thereby
sensing the level of the liquid in said well,

said rotation motion sensor generating an electronic signal that is used to calculate the level of the float and thus the
liquid level in said well, and

a transmitter receiver unit that receives said electronic signal that is used to calculate the level of the float and thus
the liquid level in the well.

US Pat. No. 9,352,502

POROUS MEDIA HEAT TRANSFER FOR INJECTION MOLDING

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A cooling system for an injection molding device, comprising:
a cooling system inlet configured to receive coolant pumped into the cooling system inlet;
a cooling system outlet configured to provide coolant pumped out of the cooling system outlet;
a porous medium disposed within an injection molding device component, the injection molding device component comprising a
mold wall and thermally coupled to a mold cavity formed when the injection molding device component is coupled to a reciprocal
injection molding device component and configured to receive injected liquid plastic, the porous medium thermally coupled
to the mold cavity via the mold wall;

a porous medium inlet coupled to the cooling system inlet and the porous medium, the porous medium inlet configured to allow
coolant to flow from the cooling system inlet and into the porous medium via the porous medium inlet; and

a porous medium outlet coupled to the cooling system outlet, the porous medium outlet configured to allow coolant to flow
from the porous medium and out of the cooling system outlet via the porous medium outlet, the porous medium inlet extending
into the porous medium through a boundary between the porous medium outlet and the porous medium.

US Pat. No. 9,321,050

MICROFLUIDIC ULTRASONIC PARTICLE SEPARATORS WITH ENGINEERED NODE LOCATIONS AND GEOMETRIES

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An ultrasonic microfluidic apparatus for separating small particles from large particles contained in a sample fluid, comprising:
a sample input channel for channeling the sample fluid containing the small particles and the large particles;
a recovery fluid input channel containing recovery fluid, routing said recovery fluid to flow substantially parallel and adjacent
to the sample fluid, wherein said recovery fluid contacts the sample fluid;

an acoustic transducer that produces
an acoustic standing wave, that generates a pressure field having at least one node of minimum sound pressure amplitude; and
an acoustic extension structure located proximate the sample fluid and said recovery fluid that positions said at least one
acoustic node in said recovery fluid concentrating the large particles in said recovery fluid wherein said acoustic extension
structure includes a gel located proximate the sample fluid and said recovery fluid positioning said at least one acoustic
node in said recovery fluid concentrating the large particles in said recovery fluid.

US Pat. No. 9,052,152

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MULTI-STAGE BYPASS, LOW OPERATING TEMPERATURE SUPPRESSOR FOR AUTOMATIC WEAPONS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A suppressor for use with a weapon that fires a bullet, the suppressor adapted to be secured to a distal end of a barrel
of the weapon, the suppressor including:
a body portion having a bore extending concentric with a bore axis of the barrel when the suppressor is attached to the distal
end of the barrel;

an opening in the bore of the body portion extending at least substantially circumferentially around the bore;
a flow path in communication with the opening and defining a channel for redirecting expanding propellant gasses flowing in
a forward direction in the bore out from the bore, through the opening, initially into a rearward direction in the flow path,
and subsequently back into the bore,

and wherein the flow path helps to raise a pressure at the opening to a level which is sufficient to generate a Mach disk
within the bore at a location approximately coincident with the opening, when a bullet from a cartridge is fired into the
barrel, the Mach disk acting as a virtual baffle to divert at least a portion of the expanding propellant gasses behind the
bullet into the opening and into the rearward direction defined by the flow path; and

a discharge port in communication with the bore, the discharge port being formed at a downstream end of the suppressor where
the bullet and the expanding propellant gasses exit the barrel.

US Pat. No. 9,537,157

NANODEVICES FOR GENERATING POWER FROM MOLECULES AND BATTERYLESS SENSING

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A method of constructing a nanoconverter, comprising:
providing a substrate;
growing one or more nanostructures on the substrate;
permeating the nanostructures with a sealant to form a molecule noninteraction zone around the nanostructures;
selectively etching the molecule noninteraction zone around the nanostructures to form a molecule interaction zone; and
electrically connecting the nanostructures at two ends, wherein the two ends have disposed between them the molecule interaction
zone and the molecule noninteraction zone.

US Pat. No. 9,328,404

IRON-BASED AMORPHOUS ALLOYS AND METHODS OF SYNTHESIZING IRON-BASED AMORPHOUS ALLOYS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An amorphous iron-based alloy, comprising:
between about 10 atomic percent (at %) and about 50 at % iron;
from 0 at % to about 25 at % of a material selected from a group consisting of manganese, carbon, silicon, zirconium, and
titanium; and

at least two of the following constituents:
between about 5 at % and about 30 at % of at least one material selected from a group consisting of molybdenum, tungsten,
gadolinium, nickel phosphorous, yttrium, and alloys thereof;

between about 20 at % and about 55 at % chromium;
between about 30 at % and about 55 at % boron
wherein the at least two constituents comprise the molybdenum; and
wherein the molybdenum is present in the alloy at between about 15 at % and about 30 at %.

US Pat. No. 9,309,456

PLASTIC SCINTILLATOR WITH EFFECTIVE PULSE SHAPE DISCRIMINATION FOR NEUTRON AND GAMMA DETECTION

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A method for fabricating a scintillator material comprising:
a polymer matrix comprising at least one of: polyvinyl xylene (PVX); polyvinyl diphenyl; and polyvinyl tetrahydronaphthalene;
and

a primary dye in the polymer matrix, the primary dye being a fluorescent dye, the primary dye being present in an amount of
greater than 10 wt %;

wherein a total loading of dye in the scintillator material is sufficient to cause the scintillator material to exhibit a
pulse-shape discrimination (PSD) figure of merit (FOM) of about at least 2.0, and the method comprising:

placing a precursor mixture in a heating vessel;
sparging the precursor mixture with nitrogen; and
heating the precursor mixture until a polymerization process yields a product that exhibits an optical response signature
for neutrons which is different than an optical response signature for gamma rays, wherein the difference in the optical response
signatures is sufficient to accomplish pulse shape discrimination (PSD) between the optical response signature for the neutrons
and the optical response signature for the gamma rays, and

wherein the precursor mixture comprises:
a monomer present in an amount ranging from about 60 wt % to about 95 wt %;
a primary fluor present in an amount ranging from about 5 wt % to about 75 wt %; and
a free radical initiator present in an amount of about 0.1 wt %.

US Pat. No. 9,170,060

RAPID MICROFLUIDIC THERMAL CYCLER FOR NUCLEIC ACID AMPLIFICATION

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An apparatus for thermal cycling a material, comprising:
a microfluidic heat exchanger comprising a porous medium, an inlet, and an outlet;
a microfluidic unit comprising an array of wells configured to receive the material to be thermal cycled, the microfluidic
thermal cycling unit thermally coupled to the porous medium;

a first tank configured to contain a first fluid at a first temperature;
a second tank configured to contain a second fluid at a second temperature,
a supply tank coupled to the microfluidic heat exchanger outlet, to the first tank, and to the second tank, the supply tank
configured to receive fluid from the porous medium through the microfluidic heat exchanger outlet and to supply fluid to the
first tank and the second tank;

a valve system coupled to the microfluidic heat exchanger inlet and configured to alternately couple the first tank and the
second tank to the microfluidic heat exchanger inlet; and

a pump configured to pump the first fluid from the first tank through the microfluidic heat exchanger inlet and into the porous
medium in a first state, and to pump the second fluid from the second tank through the microfluidic heat exchanger inlet and
into the porous medium in a second state, wherein fluid within the porous medium is pumped through the microfluidic outlet
and into the supply tank when fluid is pumped into the porous medium through the microfluidic heat exchanger inlet.

US Pat. No. 9,593,552

CEMENTING A WELLBORE USING CEMENTING MATERIAL ENCAPSULATED IN A SHELL

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A method of cementing a wellbore penetrating an earth formation into which a conduit extends, said wellbore having a space
between the wellbore and the conduit, comprising the steps of:
circulating a drilling mud containing a setting material encapsulated in capsules through the conduit into the space between
the wellbore and the conduit wherein said capsules have a shell with embedded particles of energetic material, and

releasing said setting material encapsulated in capsules from said capsules into the space between the wellbore and the conduit
thereby cementing the wellbore, wherein said step of releasing said setting material encapsulated in capsules from said capsules
comprises sending a shock signal for igniting said particles of energetic material embedded in said shell of said capsules
thereby breaching said shell and releasing said setting material from said capsules.

US Pat. No. 9,409,254

ABLATION LAYERS TO PREVENT PITTING IN LASER PEENING

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A laser peening method, comprising,
providing a workpiece;
adhering an opaque first layer of paint onto said workpiece, wherein said first layer contains no voids or bubbles larger
than 10 microns in diameter, wherein the step of adhering an opaque first layer comprises an adhering step selected from the
group consisting of dip coating and spraying;

adhering an opaque second layer onto said first layer; and
propagating a pulse of laser light onto said second layer, wherein said pulse comprises sufficient energy density to ablate
a portion of said second layer, thereby ejecting a plasma, wherein said plasma produces a shock wave that propagates onto
said first layer and onto said workpiece, thereby peening said workpiece, wherein said opaque first layer and said opaque
second layer are opaque to the wavelength of said pulse of laser light.

US Pat. No. 9,533,334

NUCLEAR RADIATION CLEANUP AND URANIUM PROSPECTING

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A method of cleanup of a contaminated area after detonation of a dirty bomb using a global positioning system that provides
GPS coordinates wherein there are solid surfaces at locations in the contaminated area, comprising the steps of:
superimpose a grid on the contaminated area;
collecting samples in the contaminated area and store at said samples with said samples given a unique address according to
the GPS coordinates relative to said grid;

wherein said step collecting samples includes the steps of providing a laser that produces a laser beam and collecting samples
from the solid surfaces in the contaminated area by directing said laser beam onto the solid surfaces at the locations in
the contaminated area to produce said samples,

wherein said step of directing said laser beam onto the solid surfaces at the locations in the contaminated area includes
directing water onto the solid surfaces and directing said laser beam onto the water and onto the solid surfaces producing
particle samples from the solid surfaces;

analyzing said samples and producing results;
using said results to generate a map of the contaminated area using the GPS coordinates of said grid; and
cleaning up the contaminated area using said map of the contaminated area.

US Pat. No. 9,239,382

ATTRIBUTE AND TOPOLOGY BASED CHANGE DETECTION IN A CONSTELLATION OF PREVIOUSLY DETECTED OBJECTS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A method in a computing device for determining whether a designated newly detected object represents an object that does
not correspond to an object in a constellation of previously detected objects, the method comprising:
for each of a plurality of edge attributes, providing a likelihood function for generating a matching score indicating how
well values for the edge attribute match;

selecting a root previously detected object and a root newly detected object as having a root correspondence;
calculating previous values for edge attributes for edges connecting the previously detected object to the root previously
detected object from attributes of the previously detected objects;

calculating new values for edge attributes for edges connecting newly detected objects to the root newly detected object from
attributes of the newly detected objects; and

indicating that the designated newly detected object is not a previously detected object based on
for each of a plurality of pairs of a previously detected object and a newly detected object,
for each edge attribute, generating a matching score using the provided likelihood function for the edge attribute to indicate
how well the previous value of the edge attribute of the previously detected object of the pair and the new value of the edge
attribute of the newly detected object of the pair match; and

combining the matching scores for the edge attributes into a combined matching score to indicate how well the previously detected
object and the newly detected object of the pair match; and

applying a minimal cost assignment algorithm to costs derived from the combined matching scores to identify which newly detected
objects correspond to which previously detected objects.

US Pat. No. 9,083,135

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR SUPPRESSION OF STIMULATED RAMAN SCATTERING IN LASER MATERIALS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A laser system comprising:
an optical path;
a gain medium disposed along the optical path; and
a material for harmonic generation disposed along the optical path, wherein the material for harmonic generation comprises
an optical element having a chemical formula comprising K(H,D)2P(16Ox,18Oy)4, where x<0.998 or y>0.002, and x+y?1.

US Pat. No. 9,490,318

THREE DIMENSIONAL STRAINED SEMICONDUCTORS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a substrate;
an array of three dimensional semiconductor structures positioned above the substrate, wherein each three dimensional structure
comprises a bottom surface, a top surface and at least one side surface connecting the bottom surface and the top surface;

a cavity region between each of the three dimensional structures; and
a thin film located in each cavity region and surrounding each side surface of each three dimensional structure, the thin
film being configured to induce a volumetric strain in at least a portion of each three dimensional structure,

wherein a separation between the three dimensional semiconductor structures is non-uniform.

US Pat. No. 9,466,397

INDIRECT DRIVE TARGETS FOR FUSION POWER

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A hohlraum for an indirect drive inertial confinement fusion power plant in which the hohlraum surrounds a capsule at a
central location containing fusion fuel, with the hohlraum comprising:
an exterior surface having two end regions and a mid-region between the two end regions, the mid-region having a generally
symmetrical cylindrical configuration of first diameter about a central axis and characterized by a center plane perpendicular
to the central axis of the hohlraum and disposed at the central location, each of the end regions tapering from the first
diameter to a second smaller diameter at ends of the hohlraum;

a laser beam entrance hole at each of the end regions of the hohlraum;
a covering at each of the end regions of the hohlraum to enclose a gas therein; and
a hollow interior defined by an interior wall having a continuously curved oval shape, wherein normals to the interior wall
are only perpendicular to the central axis of the hohlraum in the center plane.

US Pat. No. 9,450,373

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR ENABLING QUANTUM-DEFECT-LIMITED CONVERSION EFFICIENCY IN CLADDING-PUMPED RAMAN FIBER LASERS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a fiber optic having a core and a cladding surrounding said core, wherein said core comprises no rare earth dopant; and
means for optically pumping said cladding to produce stimulated Raman scattering comprising a first order Stokes line and
at least one higher order Stokes line, wherein said core comprises means for introducing a differential loss between said
first order Stokes line and said at least one higher order Stokes line to suppress said at least one higher order Stokes line
and amplify said first order Stokes line.

US Pat. No. 9,333,337

METHOD OF FABRICATING HIGH-DENSITY HERMETIC ELECTRICAL FEEDTHROUGHS USING INSULATED WIRE BUNDLES

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

8. An electrical feedthrough substrate, comprising:
a substrate block having opposing first and second sides with a plurality of electrically conductive wires extending therebetween,
wherein said electrically conductive wires are each insulated with an electrically insulating material that is joined with
electrically insulating material of adjacent wires to fixedly secure the wires together in a substantially parallel arrangement
without any gaps therebetween,

wherein the electrically conductive wires are arranged in a randomly-ordered array not having a geometrically repeating cross-sectional
pattern.

US Pat. No. 9,067,693

MONITORING OBJECTS ORBITING EARTH USING SATELLITE-BASED TELESCOPES

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A system for monitoring space-based objects, the system comprising:
a plurality of satellites in earth orbit, each satellite having
an imaging device that collects images, and
a satellite controller that receives a schedule for collecting an image at a collection time and a collection orientation,
orients the imaging device and collects the image in accordance with the schedule, and transmits information relating to the
collected image; and

a controller that includes:
a scheduler that generates schedules for collecting images of the space-based objects from the satellites;
a communication interface that directs transmission of the schedules to the satellites and receives the information relating
to the collected images from the satellites; and

a data analyzer that generates refined orbital models for the space-based objects based on the received information and initial
orbital models.

US Pat. No. 9,384,870

MECHANICALLY ROBUST, ELECTRICALLY CONDUCTIVE ULTRALOW-DENSITY CARBON NANOTUBE-BASED AEROGELS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A porous carbon aerogel comprising: a network of interconnected struts comprising carbon nanotube bundles covalently crosslinked
by graphitic carbon nanoparticles, wherein the carbon nanotubes account for 5 to 95 wt. % of the aerogel and the graphitic
carbon nanoparticles account for 5 to 95 wt. % of the aerogel, and wherein the aerogel has an electrical conductivity of at
least 10 S/m and is capable of withstanding strains of more than 10% before fracture.

US Pat. No. 9,314,777

HIGH SURFACE AREA GRAPHENE-SUPPORTED METAL CHALCOGENIDE ASSEMBLY

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A composition comprising at least one graphene-supported assembly, which comprises(i) a three-dimensional network of graphene
sheets crosslinked by covalent carbon bonds and (ii) at least one metal chalcogenide compound disposed on said graphene sheets,
wherein the chalcogen of said metal chalcogenide compound is selected from S, Se and Te, and wherein the metal chalcogenide
compound accounts for at least 20 wt. % of the graphene-supported assembly.

US Pat. No. 9,601,226

HIGH-DENSITY 3D GRAPHENE-BASED MONOLITH AND RELATED MATERIALS, METHODS, AND DEVICES

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A composition comprising at least one high-density graphene-based monolith, said monolith comprising a three-dimensional
structure of restacked graphene sheets directly crosslinked by covalent carbon bonds, wherein the monolith has an electrical
conductivity of at least 500 S/cm and a density of at least 0.2 g/cm3, wherein less than 10% of the graphene sheets are interconnected only by van der Waals force, and wherein the monolith has
a Young's modulus of at least 5 GPa.
US Pat. No. 9,507,032

BARIUM IODIDE AND STRONTIUM IODIDE CRYSTALS AND SCINTILLATORS IMPLEMENTING THE SAME

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A scintillator radiation detector, comprising:
a scintillator optic comprising SrI2 and BaI2, wherein a ratio of SrI2 to BaI2 is in a range of between 0:1 and 1:0,

wherein the scintillator optic is a crystal that provides at least 50,000 scintillation photons per MeV and energy resolution
of less than about 5% at 662 keV,

wherein the scintillator optic contains more than 2% europium; and
wherein the scintillator optic contains at least one co-dopant, selected from cerium, praseodymium, thallium, or lead.

US Pat. No. 9,498,617

CONFORMALLY ENCAPSULATED MULTI-ELECTRODE ARRAYS WITH SEAMLESS INSULATION

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An electrode array comprising:
at least one thin-film electrically conductive trace beam(s) suspension-encapsulated in a seamless single deposition-formed
coating of electrically insulating material so that the coating continuously and conformably covers all surfaces of the trace
beam(s) except an electrically conductive surface of at least one support portion(s) of the encapsulated trace beam(s) which
is exposed through the coating.

US Pat. No. 9,492,969

HIGH RESOLUTION PROJECTION MICRO STEREOLITHOGRAPHY SYSTEM AND METHOD

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A projection micro-stereolithography (P?SL) system for producing sub-diffraction-limited features, comprising:
a light source;
a spatial light modulator (SLM) illuminated by the light source;
a reduction lens;
a stereolithographic bath containing a photosensitive resin; and
a far-field superlens (FSL) contactedly interfacing the photosensitive resin, said FSL including a dielectric layer and a
metal grating layer

wherein the FSL is arranged to convert a far-field image produced by the SLM and reduced by the reduction lens into a near-field
image for curing select regions of the photosensitive resin.

US Pat. No. 9,458,191

NANOLIPOPROTEIN PARTICLES AND RELATED METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR PROTEIN CAPTURE, SOLUBILIZATION, AND/OR PURIFICATION

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A method for solubilizing a membrane associated protein from a cell membrane, the method comprising
contacting the cell membrane with a scaffold protein and a membrane forming lipid to provide an admixture, the membrane forming
lipid having a membrane forming lipid gel-crystalline transition temperature; and

subjecting the admixture to at least three temperature transition cycles in presence of a detergent, for a time and under
condition to allow assembly of a nanolipoprotein particle comprising a solubilized target protein, the temperature transition
cycle comprising:

a temperature increase step wherein the admixture is brought to a temperature above said membrane forming lipid gel crystalline
transition temperature and

a temperature decrease step wherein the admixture is brought to a temperature below said membrane forming lipid gel crystalline
transition temperature.

US Pat. No. 9,403,128

NANOENGINEERED FIELD INDUCED CHARGE SEPARATION MEMBRANES MANUFACTURE THEREOF

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A deionization system, comprising:
an anode;
a cathode;
at least one cation selective porous membrane in a solution, the at least one cation selective porous membrane being positioned
between the anode and cathode; and

at least one anion selective porous membrane in a solution, the at least one anion selective porous membrane being positioned
between the anode and the cathode,

wherein the at least one cation selective porous membrane has a negative surface charge and pore configuration characterized
by a double layer overlap effect being present in pores of the at least one cation selective porous membrane,

wherein the at least one anion selective porous membrane has a positive surface charge and pore configuration characterized
by a double layer overlap effect being present in pores of the at least one anion selective porous membrane,

wherein the at least one anion selective porous membrane is coupled to a polymer layer configured to impart a positive surface
charge,

wherein the polymer layer comprises functional groups that preferentially interact with anions, the functional groups being
coupled directly to a surface of the polymer layer,

wherein at least one of the functional groups coupled directly to a surface of the polymer layer include 3-(trimethoxysilyl)
propyldimethyl ammonium chloride.

US Pat. No. 9,086,501

IMAGING, OBJECT DETECTION, AND CHANGE DETECTION WITH A POLARIZED MULTISTATIC GPR ARRAY

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A method for processing an age of a subsurface of a medium, the method comprising:
for each of a plurality of transceiver orientations, generating an image based on return signals acquired from signals emitted
by one or more transmitters at that transceiver orientation;

determining an object orientation of an object below the surface of the medium, the object orientation being determined from
return signals collected at a plurality of down-track locations of the medium; and

processing the images factoring in the transceiver orientation used in generating each image relative to the object orientation.

US Pat. No. 9,052,283

NANODEVICES FOR GENERATING POWER FROM MOLECULES AND BATTERYLESS SENSING

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A nanoconverter, comprising:
(a) a substrate;
(b) one or more nanostructures attached at one end to the substrate; and
(c) means for generating power from the one or more nanostructures;
(d) wherein the means for generating power comprises:
(i) a molecule interaction zone wherein the nanostructures are capable of interaction with molecules;
(ii) a molecule noninteraction zone wherein the nanostructures are incapable of interaction with molecules: and
(iii) a sealant matrix that surrounds at least a portion of the nanostructures;
(iv) wherein the surrounded portion of the nanostructures forms the molecule noninteraction zone.

US Pat. No. 9,588,229

ENHANCED MULTIFUNCTIONAL PAINT FOR DETECTION OF RADIATION

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A method of detecting and mapping radiation on a surface using thermal luminescence from the radiation, comprising the
steps of:
providing scintillation particles;
providing a neutron absorptive material;
encapsulating said scintillation particles in said neutron absorptive material by coating said scintillation particles with
said neutron absorptive material so that said neutron absorptive material entirely surrounds and encases said scintillation
particles to produce a multiplicity of individual capsules with each capsule having a scintillation particle entirely surrounded
and encased by said neutron absorptive material;

providing a binder;
combining said multiplicity of capsules and said binder creating a multifunctional paint that has scintillation particles
coated with neutron absorptive material to enhance detection;

providing a spray device;
applying said multifunctional paint to the surface by spraying said multifunctional paint onto the surface with said spray
device producing a coating of said multifunctional paint on the surface that has scintillation particles coated with neutron
absorptive material to enhance detection;

providing a laser that produces a laser beam;
providing a photomultiplier that can detect the thermal luminescence from the radiation exposure;
monitoring said coating of said multifunctional paint on the surface by interrogating said coating of said multifunctional
paint on the surface with said laser beam from said laser and using said photomultiplier to detect the thermal luminescence
from the radiation; and

mapping the thermal luminescence from the radiation for detecting and mapping radiation on the surface.

US Pat. No. 9,573,249

BORON NITRIDE COMPOSITES

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A composite product, comprising:
a matrix material comprising hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) and one or more borate binders; and
a plurality of cubic boron nitride (cBN) particles dispersed in the matrix material.

US Pat. No. 9,500,601

ADAPTIVE CT SCANNING SYSTEM

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A luggage scanning apparatus, consisting of:
a conveyer for moving the luggage through an interrogation space;
a plurality of stationary X-ray point sources arranged to substantially encircle said interrogation space, said stationary
X-ray point sources emitting X-rays that are directed to the luggage moving through said interrogation space;

a plurality of individual detectors arranged to substantially encircle said interrogation space, said individual detectors
positioned to receive said X-rays that are directed to the luggage moving through said interrogation space by said plurality
of stationary X-ray point sources, said individual detectors oscillated relative to the luggage and to each other to increase
resolution; and

a controller adapted to control said stationary X-ray point sources to emit said X-rays from an individual stationary X-ray
point source one at a time, and to control said individual detectors to detect said X-rays emitted by said individual stationary
X-ray point source one at a time.

US Pat. No. 9,476,747

ISOTOPE SPECIFIC ARBITRARY MATERIAL FLOW METER

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An isotope-specific material flow meter, comprising:
a mono-energetic x-ray or gamma ray source adapted to produce mono-energetic x-rays or gamma rays of a predetermined energy
level which induces nuclear resonance fluorescence (NRF) in a predetermined target isotope;

a conduit for transporting materials at a predetermined material transport rate to pass and be interrogated by the mono-energetic
x-ray or gamma-ray source; and

a mono-energetic x-ray or gamma ray absorption detection system adapted to measure an attenuation level of the mono-energetic
x-ray or gamma ray signal as a function of time and a corresponding amount of the target isotope present in the interrogated
material that is passing the source at the material transport rate, wherein said mono-energetic x-ray or gamma ray source
comprises:

an electron source for generating a train of spaced electron bunches;
a radio frequency (RF) linear accelerator for accelerating said electron bunches into a laser-electron beam interaction region
to produce accelerated electron bunches, wherein the transit time of each electron bunch of said accelerated electron bunches
through said laser-electron beam interaction region is both greater than the duration of said each electron bunch and greater
than the spacing between said spaced electron bunches; and

a laser system for producing a laser pulse having a duration at least as long as a transit time of said laser pulse through
said laser-electron beam interaction region, wherein said laser system is arranged so that said laser pulse traverses said
laser-electron beam interaction region to interact with ail of said accelerated electron bunches and thereby produce said
mono-energetic x-rays or gamma-rays.

US Pat. No. 9,290,810

DNA TAGGED MICROPARTICLES

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

12. A method, comprising:
providing a first carrier, wherein the first carrier is comprised of a first non-toxic material;
coupling at least one DNA barcode to the first carrier to form a first particle;
providing a second carrier, wherein the second carrier is comprised of a second non-toxic material; and
coupling at least one DNA barcode to the second carrier to form a second particle,
wherein the DNA barcode coupled to the first carrier is different than the DNA barcode coupled to the second carrier,
wherein the first carrier and/or the second carrier includes an additional material coupled thereto, the additional material
being selected from a group consisting of: a fluorophore, a protein, an immunoassay trigger, an isotope marker, a chemical
signature, a sunscreen composition, and combinations thereof,

wherein the at least one DNA barcode coupled to the first carrier and/or the second carrier has greater than or equal to about
80 bases to less than or equal to about 150 bases.

US Pat. No. 9,645,077

SPECTROSCOPIC QUANTIFICATION OF EXTREMELY RARE MOLECULAR SPECIES IN THE PRESENCE OF INTERFERING OPTICAL ABSORPTION

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An optical spectrometer for analysis of carbon-14, the optical spectrometer comprising:
a resonant optical cavity configured to accept a sample gas including carbon-14;
an optical source configured to deliver optical radiation to the resonant optical cavity;
an optical detector configured to detect optical radiation emitted from the resonant cavity and to provide a detector signal;
and

a processor configured to compute a carbon-14 concentration from the detector signal;
wherein computing the carbon-14 concentration from the detector signal includes fitting a spectroscopic model to a measured
spectrogram;

wherein the spectroscopic model accounts for contributions from one or more interfering species that spectroscopically interfere
with carbon-14.

US Pat. No. 9,631,148

HIGH SURFACE AREA GRAPHENE-SUPPORTED METAL CHALCOGENIDE ASSEMBLY

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A method for hydrogenation, hydrodeoxygenation, hydrodesulfurization, hydrodenitrogenation, and/or hydrocracking of a hydrocarbon
feedstock, comprising contacting at least one graphene-supported assembly with at least one hydrocarbon feedstock, wherein
the graphene-supported assembly comprises (i) a three-dimensional network of graphene sheets crosslinked by covalent carbon
bonds and (ii) at least one metal chalcogenide compound disposed on the graphene sheets, wherein the chalcogen of the metal
chalcogenide compound is selected from S, Se and Te, and wherein the metal chalcogenide compound accounts for at least 20
wt. % of the graphene-supported assembly, and wherein the metal chalcogenide compound catalyzes the hydrogenation, hydrodeoxygenation,
hydrodesulfurization, hydrodenitrogenation, and/or hydrocracking of the hydrocarbon feedstock.

US Pat. No. 9,614,462

RIPPLED DISC ELECTROSTATIC GENERATOR/MOTOR CONFIGURATIONS UTILIZING MAGNETIC INSULATION

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a central axis;
a rippled disc shaped first rotor having its center located on said central axis, wherein the average plane of said rotor
is perpendicular to said central axis, wherein said rotor is rotatable around said central axis;

a rippled disc shaped first stator having is center located on said central axis, wherein the average plane of said first
stator is perpendicular to said central axis and parallel with said rotor;

a rippled disc shaped second stator having is center located on said central axis, wherein the average plane of said second
stator is perpendicular to said central axis and parallel with the average plane of said rotor, wherein said rotor is located
between said first stator and said second stator; and

means for providing a magnetic field comprising field lines that conform to the curvature of the rippled shape of at least
one of said first stator or said second stator.

US Pat. No. 9,543,046

DETECTING PIN DIVERSION FROM PRESSURIZED WATER REACTORS SPENT FUEL ASSEMBLIES

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

16. A method of determining possible diversion of spent nuclear fuel rods located in a spent nuclear fuel storage pool in
a spent nuclear fuel array in the spent nuclear fuel storage pool, wherein the spent nuclear fuel array includes spent nuclear
fuel rods arranged in a fuel rods quadrant symmetric pattern and guide tubes adjacent and between the spent nuclear fuel rods,
comprising the following steps:
the step of providing a detector instrument insertion fixture having a slider assembly with insertion tubes arranged in a
detector quadrant symmetric pattern corresponding to the fuel rods quadrant symmetric pattern, said insertion tubes containing
a first detector and a second detector, wherein said first detector is a gamma detector and said second detector is a neutron
detector,

the step of moving said detector instrument insertion fixture into the spent nuclear fuel storage pool adjacent the spent
nuclear fuel array in the spent nuclear fuel storage pool,

the step of moving said slider assembly with said insertion tubes into contact with the spent nuclear fuel array in the spent
nuclear fuel storage pool,

the step of inserting said insertion tubes into said guide tubes in the spent nuclear fuel array in the spent nuclear fuel
storage pool using said detector instrument insertion fixture,

the step of measuring radiation responses, both gammas and neutrons, of said first detector and said second detector simultaneously
at a location or multiple locations within said detector quadrant symmetric pattern,

the step of determining ratios of the total gamma flux and neutron flux are obtained at each measurement,
the step of normalizing said ratios to the maximum among them to obtain a unique profile signature, and
the step of determining wherein said unique profile signature has been perturbed in said detector quadrant symmetric pattern
and whether there are missing spent nuclear fuel rods or whether spent nuclear fuel rods have been replaced with dummy spent
nuclear fuel rods in said spent nuclear fuel storage pool.

US Pat. No. 9,455,366

SOL-GEL PROCESS FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF HIGH POWER SWITCHES

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

10. A method, comprising;
mixing a silicon-containing sol-gel precursor compound, a hydroxy benzene and an aldehyde in a solvent thereby creating a
mixture, wherein the silicon sol-gel precursor compound comprises silicon tetrachloride, wherein the hydroxy benzene is selected
from the group consisting of: resorcinol, catechol, hydroquinone, phloroglucinol and mixtures thereof;

causing the mixture to gel thereby forming a wet gel;
drying the wet gel to form a nanopowder; and
applying a first thermal treatment to the nanopowder to form a SiC nanopowder, wherein the first thermal treatment includes
heating the nanopowder at a temperature less than or equal to about 1100° C. in an atmosphere comprising hydrogen and at least
one of argon and helium to form the SiC nanopowder;

applying a second thermal treatment to the SiC nanopowder, wherein the second thermal treatment includes heating the SiC nanopowder
at a temperature ranging from about 1350° C. to about 1650° C. in an atmosphere comprising hydrogen and at least one of argon
and helium, and applying pressure ranging from about 5,000 psi to 50,000 psi to the SiC nanopowder; and

applying a third thermal treatment to the SiC nanopowder, the third thermal treatment including heating the SiC nanopowder
in air at a temperature less than about 450° C. to remove excess carbon,

wherein the SiC nanopowder has a density in a range from about 1 g/cm3 to about 3.2 g/cm3.

US Pat. No. 9,267,993

BATTERY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM WITH DISTRIBUTED WIRELESS SENSORS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A system for monitoring parameters of a lithium ion battery pack, wherein the lithium ion battery pack includes a multiplicity
of individual lithium ion battery cells, comprising:
a radio frequency identification and sensor unit connected to each of the lithium ion battery cells that senses the parameter
of each individual lithium ion battery cell and provides radio frequency transmission of the parameters of each individual
lithium ion battery cell,

wherein the parameters include internal impedance of the cell;
wherein said radio frequency identification and sensor unit includes a tag circuit that provides a variable frequency electromagnetic
stimulus with amplitude and phase and monitors said amplitude and phase to sense said internal impedance of the cell, and

a management system that monitors said transmissions from said radio frequency identification and sensor units and monitors
the parameters of the lithium ion battery pack,

wherein said management system that monitors said transmissions from said radio frequency identification and sensor units
monitors said internal impedance of the cells of the lithium ion battery pack.

US Pat. No. 9,201,025

ABSOLUTE NUCLEAR MATERIAL ASSAY USING COUNT DISTRIBUTION (LAMBDA) SPACE

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An apparatus comprising:
means for generating a measured count distribution data for neutrons emitted from a source, utilizing a defined sampling method;
means for computing truncated statistical moments for the measured count distribution data;
means for executing a transform function on the measured count distribution data to obtain a time-dependent parameter (lambda)
space, and to generate a model count distribution;

means for mapping probability values within the measured count distribution data to the model count distribution based on
untruncated count distribution data;

means for generating untruncated statistical moments based on the probability values;
means for fitting an equation to a plot of the truncated statistical moments to provide at least one of a deadtime parameter,
a lifetime parameter or a bias parameter, and to select one or more physical parameters of interest from the measured count
distribution;

means for performing an iterative algebraic process to compute solutions for the selected physical parameters of interest;
means for verifying the computed solutions using parameters associated with the lambda space and the model count distribution,
and generating solution estimates for the selected physical parameters if the verification reveals incorrect results for the
computed solutions of the selected physical parameters;

means for comparing the untruncated statistical moments to the truncated statistical moments;
means for comparing the untruncated measured count distribution to the model count distribution; and
means for comparing the solution estimates with the measured count distribution data to provide an indication of the correct
solution for the selected physical parameters.

US Pat. No. 9,594,154

AUTOMATED CALIBRATION OF MULTISTATIC ARRAYS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A method for calibrating a multistatic array having a plurality of transmitter and receiver pairs spaced from one another
along a predetermined path and relative to a plurality of bin locations, and further being spaced at a fixed distance from
a stationary calibration implement, the method comprising:
generating a clock reference pulse;
turning on each of the transmitters and receivers of each said transmitter/receiver pair at a monotonically increasing time
delay interval relative to the clock reference pulse; and

using ones of the transmitters and receivers such that a previously calibrated transmitter or receiver of a given one of the
transmitter/receiver pairs is paired with a subsequently un-calibrated one of the transmitters or receivers of an immediately
subsequently positioned transmitter/receiver pair, to calibrate the transmitter or receiver of the immediately subsequent
transmitter/receiver pair.

US Pat. No. 9,586,040

VACUUM-ACTUATED PERCUTANEOUS INSERTION/IMPLANTATION TOOL FOR FLEXIBLE NEURAL PROBES AND INTERFACES

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A flexible device insertion tool, comprising:
a linear rigid-body shank having a handle end and an opposite insertion end, a suction channel extending between the handle
and insertion ends, suction ports located between the handle and insertion ends and in fluidic communication with the suction
channel, and a connector port at the handle end in fluidic communication with the suction ports via the suction channel; and

a vacuum connector having a first port adapted to connect to a vacuum source, a second port in fluidic communication with
the first port, and means for mounting the handle end of the rigid-body shank on the vacuum connector so that the connector
port of the rigid-body shank is aligned with the second port, and the first port is in fluidic communication with the suction
ports,

whereby, upon connecting a vacuum source to the first port, mounting the rigid-body shank on the vacuum connector, and activating
the vacuum source, an elongated flexible device positioned adjacent the suction ports is releasably attached alongside and
parallel to the rigid-body shank by a suction force exerted by the suction ports during insertion,

wherein the rigid-body shank includes support ribs distributed along the suction channel so that the suction ports are formed
therebetween.

US Pat. No. 9,581,564

ELECTROCHEMICAL SENSING USING VOLTAGE-CURRENT TIME DIFFERENTIAL

EmiSense Technologies, LL...

1. A system for analysis of a gas stream, the system comprising:
a signal generator configured to generate an original waveform;
an electrochemical sensor configured to receive the original waveform and configured to transmit the received original waveform
as an affected waveform, the electrochemical sensor disposed at least partially within the gas stream, the electrochemical
sensor comprising:

a first electrode; and
a second electrode disposed proximate to the first electrode;
a signal detector configured to receive and detect the affected waveform from the electrochemical sensor; and
a processor coupled to the signal detector, the processor configured to:
receive the detected affected waveform from the signal detector;
compare at least one portion of the affected waveform with the original waveform;
determine a voltage-current time differential between the affected waveform and the original waveform;
determine a value corresponding to at least one characteristic of the gas stream based on a portion of the determined voltage-current
time differential between the original and affected waveforms; and

output the determined value corresponding to the at least one characteristic of the gas stream.

US Pat. No. 9,522,387

HIGHLY ACTIVE THERMALLY STABLE NANOPOROUS GOLD CATALYST

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A system, comprising
a nanoporous gold structure; and
a plurality of oxide particles deposited on the nanoporous gold structure,
wherein the oxide particles are characterized by a crystalline phase; and
wherein the oxide particles comprise one or more metal oxides selected from a group consisting of: a titanium oxide characterized
by a predominantly anatase crystalline phase; a cerium oxide characterized by a predominantly fluoride crystalline phase having
oxygen vacancies; a praseodymium oxide characterized by a predominantly fluoride crystalline phase having oxygen vacancies;
and an iron oxide characterized by a predominantly hematite crystalline phase.

US Pat. No. 9,486,641

INCORPORATING AN OPTICAL WAVEGUIDE INTO A NEURAL INTERFACE

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A method of fabricating a neural interface device, comprising the steps of:
providing a multilayer device body having a first polymer layer with at least one opening,
providing at least one electrode in said at least one opening in said first polymer layer of said device body,
providing a second polymer layer of said multilayer device body that includes at least one electrically conducting lead coupled
to said at least one electrode,

providing a third polymer layer of said multilayer device body that includes at least one optical channel,
providing a waveguide material in said at least one optical channel, and
providing a fourth polymer layer,
wherein said first polymer layer, said second polymer layer, said third polymer layer, and said fourth polymer layer are in
a stacked relationship to each other and said first polymer layer provides a top of said multilayer device body and said fourth
polymer layer provides a bottom of said multilayer device body.

US Pat. No. 9,395,159

EMBEDDED-MONOLITH ARMOR

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An armor apparatus, consisting of:
a front face having a first layer of first spherical monoliths and a second layer of second spherical monoliths in a stacked
arrangement forming a first row of said first spherical monoliths and a second row of said second spherical monoliths wherein
said second spherical monoliths in said second row overlap said first spherical monoliths wherein said first spherical monoliths
are first spherical monoliths made of flint aggregate material and wherein said second spherical monoliths are monoliths made
of flint aggregate material,

a matrix located around said first spherical monoliths and said second spherical monoliths wherein said matrix around said
first spherical monoliths and said second spherical monoliths is an aluminum alloy matrix,

a foam section located beneath said front face section and connected to said matrix,
a metallic backing plate located beneath said foam section and connected to said foam section, and
a spall plate located beneath said metallic backing plate and connected to said metallic backing plate.

US Pat. No. 9,673,478

MULTI-LAYER COATINGS FOR BIPOLAR RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES WITH ENHANCED TERMINAL VOLTAGE

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A multi-layer bipolar coated cell formed on a single substrate, the cell comprising:
a first active anode material positioned above an electrically conductive substrate, wherein the first active anode material
includes a plurality of discrete units, wherein the discrete units of the first active anode material are spatially separated
from one another and dispersed throughout a bulk of a first anodic binder phase;

a first solid-phase electrolyte material positioned above the first active anode material, wherein the first solid-phase electrolyte
material includes a plurality of discrete units, wherein the discrete units of the first solid-phase electrolyte material
are spatially separated from one another and dispersed throughout a bulk of a binder phase between the first anodic binder
phase and a first cathodic binder phase;

a first active cathode material positioned above the first solid-phase electrolyte material, wherein the first active cathode
material includes a plurality of discrete units, wherein the discrete units of the first active cathode material are spatially
separated from one another and dispersed throughout a bulk of the first cathodic binder phase;

an electrically conductive barrier layer;
a second active anode material positioned above the first active cathode material, wherein the second active anode material
includes a plurality of discrete units wherein the discrete units of the second active anode material are spatially separated
from one another and dispersed throughout a bulk of a second anodic binder phase;

a second solid-phase electrolyte material positioned above the second active anode material, wherein the second solid-phase
electrolyte material includes a plurality of discrete units, wherein the discrete units of the second solid-phase electrolyte
material are spatially separated from one another and dispersed throughout a bulk of a binder phase between the second anodic
binder phase and a second cathodic binder phase;

a second active cathode material positioned above the second solid-phase electrolyte material, wherein the second active cathode
material includes a plurality of discrete units, wherein the discrete units of the first active cathode material are spatially
separated from one another and dispersed throughout a bulk of the second cathodic binder phase;

a conductive material positioned above the second active cathode material; and
a metal material above the second active anode material to form a metal coating section;
wherein a first ionically conductive polymer and a second ionically conductive polymer facilitate lithium transport in interstitial
spaces of the first active anode material and the first active cathode material, respectively; and

wherein a third ionically conductive polymer and a fourth ionically conductive polymer facilitate lithium ion transport in
the second active anode material and the second active cathode material, respectively.

US Pat. No. 9,586,704

MODELING THE LONG-TERM EVOLUTION OF SPACE DEBRIS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A method performed by a computing system for simulating interaction of objects in orbit during a simulation period, the
objects having orbital parameters, the method comprising, for each of a plurality of simulation times during the simulation
period,
for each object, generating a representation of the object that includes a position for that object at that simulation time
based on the orbital parameters; and

for each pair of objects, performing a collision analysis by:
determining by the computing system a distance between the pair of objects based on the generated positions; and
detecting that a local minimum distance has been reached between the pair of objects;
in response to detecting that a local minimum distance between the pair of objects has been reached,
generating by the computing system an actual local minimum distance between the pair of objects by interpolating a time of
the actual local minimum distance and calculating the position of the pair of objects at that time; and

when the actual local minimum distance satisfies a collision criterion,
creating by the computing system a representation of new objects corresponding to debris resulting from collision of the pair
of objects; and

generating by the computing system orbital parameters for the new objects and indicating that the pair of objects are no longer
in orbit.

US Pat. No. 9,588,058

NON-DESTRUCTIVE EVALUATION OF WATER INGRESS IN PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A system for non-destructive evaluation of water ingress in photovoltaic modules, comprising:
a light source;
a moving mirror positioned in a beam path of the light source;
a focusing lens positioned in the beam path of the light source and between the light source and the moving mirror;
a beam splitter positioned in the beam path of the light source between the light source and the moving mirror;
a stationary mirror positioned adjacent the beam splitter and outside the beam path of the light source;
an objective lens positioned between the beam splitter and the photovoltaic module, the objective lens being outside the beam
path of the light source; and

an imaging module configured to capture two-dimensional spectral image data relating to a water content of a photovoltaic
module positioned opposite the stationary mirror and outside the beam path of the light source.

US Pat. No. 9,520,217

METHODS FOR CREATING LIGAND INDUCED PARAMAGNETISM IN NANOCRYSTALLINE STRUCTURES

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A method, comprising:
applying dodecanonitrile (DDN) to a nanoparticle comprising CdSe for altering a magnetic property of the nanoparticle,
wherein the nanoparticle has a mean radius in a range of about 50 Å or less, and.

US Pat. No. 9,068,484

DOUBLE-REED EXHAUST VALVE ENGINE

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An engine comprising:
a cylinder having an inlet and an outlet positioned at a first end of the cylinder;
a piston slidably arranged in the cylinder to together enclose an expansion chamber accessible by the inlet and the outlet,
and to move away from the first end of the cylinder during a power stroke and toward the first end of the cylinder during
an exhaust stroke;

an inlet valve for controlling the flow of working fluid from a pressurized fluid source through the inlet into the expansion
chamber to effect the power stroke;

an exhaust valve for controlling the flow of working fluid exhausted out through the outlet from the expansion chamber during
at least a portion of the exhaust stroke, the exhaust valve comprising first and second resiliently-biasing members positioned
between the piston and the outlet and co-extending substantially adjacent each other, the first member positioned between
the second member and the outlet to occlude the outlet when resiliently biased to a closed position, and the second member
positioned between the piston and the first member to resiliently bias the first member to the closed position when the second
member is itself resiliently biased by movement of the piston during at least a portion of the exhaust stroke; and

periodic return means operably connected to the piston for effecting the exhaust stroke after each power stroke.

US Pat. No. 9,653,784

CONFORMAL, WEARABLE, THIN MICROWAVE ANTENNA FOR SUB-SKIN AND SKIN SURFACE MONITORING

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An apparatus directly attached to a wearer's skin and operably connected to the wearer's tissue that receives a signal
from an outside source wherein the signal is radiated into the wearer's tissue, the wearer's sub-skin tissues, and organs
and wherein a reflected signal is radiated and picked up by a remote antenna for sub-skin sensing and providing information
about the physical state of the wearer's sub-skin tissues and organs, wherein the wearer's skin is exposed to air, comprising:
a flexible and biocompatible substrate directly attached to the wearer's skin;
co-planer lines on said substrate,
a circulator port on said substrate connected to said co-planer lines;
a first antenna on said substrate connected to said co-planar lines and said circulator port that receives the signal from
the outside source wherein said first antenna directs the signal to said co-planer lines and said circulator port;

a second antenna on said substrate connected to said co-planer lines and said circulator port wherein said second antenna
receives the signal from said circulator port and wherein said second antenna transmits the signal into the wearer's tissue
to the wearer's sub-skin tissues and organs and wherein the signal produces the reflected signal containing information about
the physical state of the wearer's sub-skin tissues and organs from the wearer's sub-skin tissues and organs; and

a third antenna on said substrate connected to said co-planar lines and said circulator port that receives the reflected signal
containing information about the physical state of the wearer's sub-skin tissues and organs wherein said third antenna radiates
the reflected signal into the air wherein it is picked up by the remote antenna.

US Pat. No. 9,500,773

HIGH VOLTAGE PHOTOCONDUCTIVE SWITCH PACKAGE

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A photoconductive switch, comprising:
a wide bandgap material substrate;
first and second electrodes in contact with said substrate; and
a dielectric filler in contact with the electrodes and the adjacent substrate at a triple point, wherein the filler is doped
with a conducting dopant to control the resistivity of the filler and make it at least partially conducting, for reducing
electric field enhancements near the triple point,

wherein the filler is doped with the dopant so that the resistivity thereof radially tapers toward an outer edge of the substrate.

US Pat. No. 9,234,794

FIBER OPTIC COUPLED MULTIPASS GAS MINICELL, DESIGN ASSEMBLY THEREOF

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An apparatus for gas spectroscopy of a gas of interest, comprising:
a gas cell, said gas cell including
a first side,
a second side, and
an interior,
wherein said second side is opposed to said first side and wherein said interior is between said first side and said second
side,

a first side mirror positioned in said interior adjacent said first side,
a second side mirror positioned in said interior adjacent said second side,
wherein said second side mirror is opposed to said first side mirror with said interior between said first side mirror and
said second side mirror,

a gas containment system for introducing the gas of interest into said interior of said gas cell between said first side mirror
and said second side mirror,

a light source that produces a light beam,
a transmitting optical fiber connected to said gas cell that receives said light beam from said light source and directs said
light beam into said interior of said gas cell between said first side mirror and said second side mirror and onto the gas
of interest in said interior of said gas cell between said first side mirror and said second side mirror,

wherein said first side mirror and said second side mirror are positioned relative to each other so that said light beam is
reflected between said first side mirror and said second side mirror through the gas of interest in said interior of said
gas cell,

a receiving optical fiber connected to said gas cell, said optical fiber positioned relative to said first side mirror and
said second side mirror so that said optical fiber receives said light beam from the gas of interest in said interior of said
gas cell and provides an exit light beam; and

a gas spectroscopy analyzer connected to said receiving optical fiber that receives said exit light beam and produces gas
spectroscopy data.

US Pat. No. 9,778,197

METAL-DIELECTRIC-CNT NANOWIRES FOR SURFACE-ENHANCED RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A method of making a substrate for surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy, comprising the steps of:
providing a Raman spectroscopy substrate,
introducing nano crystals directly onto said Raman spectroscopy substrate,
growing a forest of nanowires from said nano crystals that have been introduced directly onto said Raman spectroscopy substrate,
said step of growing a forest of nanowires from said nano crystals comprising growing a forest of nanowires extending vertically
from said nanocrystals and extending vertically from said Raman spectroscopy substrate wherein said nanowires have

vertical sections of said nanowires wherein said vertical sections extend vertically from said Raman spectroscopy substrate
and

top parts of said nanowires connected to said vertical sections of said nanowires wherein said top parts of said nanowires
form bent ends of said nanowires that extend horizontally and parallel to said Raman spectroscopy substrate,

coating said nanowires including said vertical sections and said bent ends with hafnia providing hafnia coated nanowires,
hafnia coated vertical sections, and hafnia coated bent ends,

coating said hafnia coated nanowires with a noble metal providing noble metal and hafnia coated nanowires, noble metal and
hafnia coated vertical sections, and noble metal and hafnia coated bent ends, and

forming a canopy of said noble metal and hafnia coated bent ends of said noble metal and hafnia coated nanowires that extends
horizontally and parallel to said Raman spectroscopy substrate.

US Pat. No. 9,597,085

SHAPE MEMORY POLYMER FOAMS FOR ENDOVASCULAR THERAPIES

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An endovascular therapy system comprising:
a delivery wire;
an open-cell polyurethane shape memory polymer (SMP) foam coupled to the delivery wire;
a flaring SMP distal tip to couple to the delivery wire proximal to the SMP foam; and
a detachment device configured to decouple the SMP foam from the flaring SMP distal tip;
wherein the SMP foam is configured to transform from a collapsed state to an expanded state in response to thermal stimulus;
wherein the flaring SMP distal tip is configured to transform from a collapsed state to an expanded state in response to at
least one of heat, optical heat, convective heat, electrical resistance heat, inductive heat, and exposure to a solvent;

wherein (a) the flaring SMP distal tip has a maximum width in the flaring SMP distal tip's expanded state, and (b) a proximal
portion of the SMP foam has a maximum width in the SMP foam's collapsed state that is narrower than the flaring SMP distal
tip's maximum width in the flaring SMP distal tip's expanded state;

wherein the flaring SMP distal tip is configured to flare outwards when the flaring SMP distal tip transforms from the collapsed
state to the expanded state;

wherein the detachment device is configured to decouple the SMP foam from the flaring SMP distal tip in response to galvanic
corrosion.

US Pat. No. 9,581,409

ACCELERATION OF OBJECTS TO HIGH VELOCITY BY ELECTROMAGNETIC FORCES

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A apparatus for accelerating a projectile, comprising:
a launcher configured for launching a projectile comprising metallic conductors, wherein said bore comprises a longitudinal
axis that is axial with the launch direction of said launcher;

a first set of coils configured for immersing, while said projectile is stationary at a first position within said bore, said
metallic conductors in an inducing field of magnetic flux for a first finite period of time, wherein said projectile remains
stationary relative to said launcher for the entire duration of said first finite period of time, wherein said inducing field
is transverse to said longitudinal axis, wherein flux will be trapped within said metallic conductors for a second finite
period of time after said first finite period of time has ended;

means for terminating immersing said metallic conductors in an inducing field of magnetic flux while said projectile is at
said first position and is stationary relative to said launcher; and

a second set of coils configured for exposing, while said projectile is at said first location and during said second finite
period of time, said projectile to operatively directed currents at 90 degrees to said longitudinal axis to accelerate said
projectile down said launcher.

US Pat. No. 9,560,734

DENSE PLASMA FOCUS (DPF) ACCELERATED NON RADIO ISOTOPIC RADIOLOGICAL SOURCE

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A non-radio-isotopic radiological source comprising:
a dense plasma focus (DPF) operably connected to a gas filled medium for producing a column of compressed plasma (z-pinch)
along a z-axis and an associated acceleration gradient directed along the z-axis; and

a target positioned along the z-axis so as to be impinged by charged particles accelerated by the acceleration gradient of
the DPF, wherein said target is of a type which emits ionizing radiation upon impingement by the accelerated charged particle,

wherein the DPF is operably connected to a helium gas medium for producing a He2+ ion z-pinch that is accelerated along the z-axis as a He2+ ion beam, and

wherein said target is beryllium which emits neutrons having energy spectra similar to an Am—Be source of about 1-5 MeV upon
impingement by the He2+ ion beam.

US Pat. No. 9,270,203

ELECTRODE GEOMETRY FOR ELECTROSTATIC GENERATORS AND MOTORS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a rotor configured to rotate about a central axis, wherein said rotor has a first diameter, wherein said rotor comprises a
first support ring oriented in a first plane that is perpendicular to said central axis and further comprises a second support
ring oriented in a second plane that is perpendicular to said central axis, wherein said first plane and said second plane
are parallel one to another, wherein said rotor further comprises a first plurality of rod shaped electrodes, wherein each
rod thereof is parallel to all other rods thereof and to said central axis and has a first end and a second end, wherein each
said first end is fixedly connected to said first support ring and each said second end is fixedly connected to said second
support ring, wherein all of the rods of said first plurality of rod shaped electrodes are in electrical contact with each
other rod of said first plurality of rods and wherein there is no direct electrical connection from any other element to said
first plurality of rod shaped electrodes;

a first stator and a second stator, wherein said first stator has a second diameter and is centered on said central axis,
wherein said second stator has a third diameter and is centered on said central axis, wherein said second diameter and said
third diameter are equal, wherein said first diameter is larger than both said second diameter and said third diameter, wherein
said first stator comprises a second plurality of rod shaped electrodes, wherein all of the rods of said second plurality
of rod shaped electrodes are physically parallel one to another, are in electrical contact one to another, are oriented to
be parallel with said central axis and are evenly spaced around said central axis, wherein said second stator comprises a
third plurality of rod shaped electrodes, wherein all of the rods of said third plurality of rod shaped electrodes are physically
parallel one to another, are in electrical contact one to another, are oriented to be parallel with said central axis and
are evenly spaced around said central axis, wherein said first stator is spaced from said second stator on said central axis,
wherein the rods of said first plurality of rod shaped electrodes are physically parallel to the rods of said second plurality
of rod shaped electrodes and said third plurality of rod shaped electrodes, wherein said rotor is rotatable only on the outside
of said first stator and said second stator, both of which are within the inner diameter of said rotor, wherein there is no
direct physical or electrical contact between said rotor and said first stator and between said rotor and said second stator;

wherein said first plurality of rod shaped electrodes together with said second plurality of rod shaped electrodes form a
first variable capacitor, wherein said first plurality of rod shaped electrodes together with said third plurality of rod
shaped electrodes form a second variable capacitor; and

a series-resonant circuit comprising a source of positive voltage electrically connected through a first inductor to said
first variable capacitor which is connected to said second variable capacitor which is connected through a second inductor
to a source of negative voltage, wherein said first plurality of rod shaped electrodes are at virtual ground and wherein said
rotor is electrically isolated.

US Pat. No. 9,706,631

MODULATED METHOD FOR EFFICIENT, NARROW-BANDWIDTH, LASER COMPTON X-RAY AND GAMMA-RAY SOURCES

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A method for generating x-rays or gamma rays via laser Compton scattering, comprising:
producing a continuous wave (CW) laser beam;
modulating said CW laser beam at a multi-GHz radio frequency (RF) to produce a modulated beam;
utilizing said modulated beam to provide electron micro bunches at said radio frequency (RF), wherein said RF is the operating
RF of a linear accelerator that provides said bunches, wherein said bunches are directed to propagate, with radio frequency
spacing between successive said bunches, within a first confocal region, wherein said first confocal region is produced by
focusing said electron micro bunches; and

utilizing said modulated beam to provide laser pulses at said RF, wherein each laser pulse of said laser pulses has a pulse
duration within the range of 10 ps to 1 fs, wherein said pulses are directed to propagate, with radio frequency spacing between
successive said pulses, within a second confocal region, wherein said second confocal region is produced by focusing said
laser pulses, wherein said first confocal region and said second confocal region intersect in an interaction region such that
said electron micro bunches collide with said laser pulses to generate incoherent x-rays or gamma-rays via laser Compton scattering,
wherein the pulse duration of each laser pulse of said laser pulses is of the order of the transit time of each laser pulse
through said second confocal region and wherein the pulse duration of each electron micro bunch of said electron micro bunches
is of the order of the transit time of each laser pulse of said laser pulses through said second confocal region.

US Pat. No. 9,614,251

HIGH-PERFORMANCE RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES WITH NANOPARTICLE ACTIVE MATERIALS, PHOTOCHEMICALLY REGENERABLE ACTIVE MATERIALS, AND FAST SOLID-STATE ION CONDUCTORS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A rechargeable battery apparatus, comprising:
an enclosure,
a first electrode operatively connected to said enclosure wherein said first electrode is an electro-catalytic anode,
a second electrode operatively connected to said enclosure wherein said second electrode is an oxygen cathode,
a suspended flowing material in said enclosure wherein said suspended flowing material comprises nanoparticles and wherein
said suspended flowing material is directly connected to said first electrode wherein said first electrode is an electro-catalytic
anode,

an electrolyte and separator between said first electrode and said second electrode,
an oxygen selective membrane between said first electrode and said second electrode,
a suspended flowing material storage tank containing said suspended flowing material wherein said suspended flowing material
storage tank is connected to said enclosure by flow lines for flowing said suspended flowing material into and out of said
enclosure,

a pump for circulating said suspended flowing material from said suspended flowing material storage tank into and out of said
enclosure, and

a heat transfer unit connected to said suspended flowing material in said suspended flowing material storage tank.

US Pat. No. 9,404,801

ROOM-TEMPERATURE QUANTUM NOISE LIMITED SPECTROMETRY AND METHODS OF THE SAME

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A heterodyne detection system for detecting light, comprising:
a first input aperture configured to receive first light from a scene input;
a second input aperture configured to receive second light from a local oscillator input;
a broadband local oscillator configured to provide the second light to the second input aperture;
a dispersive element configured to disperse the first light and the second light; and
a final condensing lens coupled to an infrared detector,
wherein the final condensing lens is configured to concentrate incident light from a primary condensing lens onto the infrared
detector,

wherein the infrared detector is a square-law detector configured to sense a frequency difference between the first light
and the second light; and

wherein each area of the first and second input apertures times an input collection solid angle of the system is about a wavelength
squared (about ?2).

US Pat. No. 9,645,262

CAPACITANCE REDUCTION FOR PILLAR STRUCTURED DEVICES

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a first layer including an n+ dopant or a p+ dopant;
an intrinsic layer grown or deposited above the first layer, the intrinsic layer including a planar portion and pillars extending
above the planar portion, wherein cavity regions are defined between the pillars;

a second layer deposited on a periphery of the pillars thereby forming coated pillars, wherein the second layer is substantially
absent on the planar portion of the intrinsic layer between the coated pillars, wherein the second layer includes a n+ dopant
when the first layer includes a p+ dopant, wherein the second layer includes a p+ dopant when the first layer includes a n+
dopant; and

a neutron sensitive material deposited between the coated pillars and above the planar portion of the intrinsic layer.

US Pat. No. 9,476,412

RESISTIVELY HEATED SHAPE MEMORY POLYMER DEVICE

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A method of making a resistively heated shape memory polymer device, comprising the steps of:
providing a conductive substrate including a resistive medium,
coating said conductive substrate with a first shape memory polymer,
coating said first shape memory polymer coated conductive substrate with a first conductive material member,
coating said first conductive material member coated first shape memory polymer coated conductive substrate with a second
shape memory polymer,

exposing a portion of said conductive substrate and exposing a portion of said first conductive material member,
attaching a first electrical lead to said exposed portion of said conductive substrate, and
attaching a second electrical lead to said exposed portion of said first conductive material member;
wherein (a) the first shape memory polymer directly contacts the first conductive material member; (b) the conductive substrate
directly contacts the first shape memory polymer, and (c) the first conductive material member directly contacts the second
shape memory polymer.

US Pat. No. 10,018,615

THREE-DIMENSIONAL ELECTRONIC SCAFFOLD FOR CARDIAC APPLICATIONS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A three-dimensional electronic scaffold, comprising a porous scaffold and a plurality of micro-strain gauges distributed spatially inside the porous scaffold, wherein the micro-strain gauges comprise a conductive silicone composite and are adapted to detect cardiac contraction force by detecting resistance change of each micro-strain gauge caused by the cardiac contraction force.

US Pat. No. 9,464,670

ELECTROSTATIC STABILIZER FOR A PASSIVE MAGNETIC BEARING SYSTEM

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a right cylindrical rotor configured for rotation about a longitudinal axis, wherein said rotor comprises a metallic outer
cylindrical surface;

a passive magnetic bearing system configured to provide at least axial stabilization of said rotor as said rotor rotates;
a first plurality of pairs of electrodes, wherein each electrode of each pair of said pairs is spaced from each other electrode
and from said metallic outer cylindrical surface, wherein said plurality of pairs of electrodes are spaced around said metallic
outer cylindrical surface;

at least one individual inductor connected to each pair of said first plurality of pairs of electrodes; and
at least one source of RF voltage connected across each pair of said plurality of pairs of electrodes.

US Pat. No. 9,852,824

METHODS FOR CONTROLLING PORE MORPHOLOGY IN AEROGELS USING ELECTRIC FIELDS AND PRODUCTS THEREOF

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An aerogel, comprising:
column structures comprising a carbon material, the column structures having minor pores therein; and
major pores devoid of the carbon material positioned between the column structures, longitudinal axes of the major pores being
substantially parallel to one another,

wherein the aerogel has structural characteristics of being formed from a sol having aerogel precursor materials and a plurality
of electrically conductive particles therein, the plurality of electrically conductive particles being configured to move
in a direction consistent with an electric field to generate the column structures,

wherein the plurality of electrically conductive particles are retained in the aerogel.

US Pat. No. 9,659,205

MULTIMODAL IMAGING SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR NON-CONTACT IDENTIFICATION OF MULTIPLE BIOMETRIC TRAITS

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A system for obtaining images associated with at least a pair of biometric traits associated with a body part of a person,
without contact with the body part of the person, the system comprising:
a first illumination source configured to provide a first illumination at a first wavelength, and having a first polarization;
a second illumination source to provide a second illumination at a second wavelength, and having a second polarization;
a third illumination source configured to provide a near infrared (NIR) illumination, and having the second polarization;
an imaging subsystem including a polarizer having the first polarization and a sensor system for capturing a plurality of
acquired images, each one of said plurality of acquired images being specific to one of said illumination sources, as the
illumination sources illuminate the body part;

a processing subsystem configured to mathematically use at least two different ones of said plurality of acquired images associated
with at least two of the illumination sources to generate at least one new image providing enhanced contrast of features associated
with at least one of a surface biometric trait of the body part and a subsurface biometric trait of the body part; and

wherein the processing subsystem is configured to at least one of mathematically subtract or divide, after normalization,
one of the images from the plurality of acquired images, from a different one of the acquired images, to selectively obtain
at least one of the surface biometric trait and the subsurface biometric trait.

US Pat. No. 9,399,128

FLEXIBLE NEURAL INTERFACES WITH INTEGRATED STIFFENING SHANK

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A neural interface device adapted to be inserted into tissue, comprising:
a neural interface body, wherein said neural interface body includes
an insertion end and
a body portion extending from said insertion end;
an upper layer made of a first dielectric material wherein said first dielectric material is biocompatible, said upper layer
extending over said insertion end and said body portion of said neural interface body and having at least one first opening
for a first electrical conducting material wherein said at least one first opening is located only in said upper layer extending
over said insertion end;

a first electrical conducting material in said first opening that provides an electrode in said upper layer;
at least one first interconnection trace electrical conducting material in said upper layer connected to said first electrical
conducting material, wherein said interconnection trace electrical material is located in said upper layer extending over
said insertion end and said body portion of said neural interface body;

a lower layer made of a second dielectric material wherein said second dielectric material is biocompatible, wherein said
lower layer extends under said insertion end and said body portion of said neural interface body; and

a stiffening shank between said upper layer and said lower layer wherein said stiffening shank is adjacent said first dielectric
material, said first electrical conducting material, and said first interconnection trace electrical conducting material,
wherein said stiffening shank is located only in said insertion end of said neural interface body; and

wherein said stiffening shank is made of a material that provides the neural interface device with sufficient stiffening that
the neural interface device is adapted to be inserted into tissue.