US Pat. No. 9,065,166

MULTI-BAND PLANAR INVERTED-F (PIFA) ANTENNAS AND SYSTEMS WITH IMPROVED ISOLATION

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

1. An antenna system operable within at least a first frequency range and a second frequency range different than the first
frequency range, the system comprising:
a ground plane;
first and second planar inverted-F antennas (PIFAs), each PIFA including:
a planar radiator having a slot;
a lower surface spaced apart from the planar radiator and mechanically and electrically connected to the ground plane;
a first shorting element electrically connecting the planar radiator to the lower surface;
a second shorting element having a non-flat configuration and electrically connecting the planar radiator to the lower surface;
and

a feeding element electrically connected to and extending between the planar radiator and the lower surface;
a first isolator disposed between the first and second PIFAs; and
a second isolator extending outwardly from the ground plane.

US Pat. No. 9,431,687

HEATING ASSEMBLIES AND SYSTEMS FOR RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

1. A heating assembly for one or more rechargeable batteries, the heating assembly comprising:
a flexible heating element positionable about the one or more rechargeable batteries and configured to receive power from
a charger operable for charging the one or more rechargeable batteries;

a temperature sensor configured to sense a temperature adjacent the one or more rechargeable batteries, the temperature sensor
adjacent the flexible heating element; and

a control circuit configured to receive the sensed temperature from the temperature sensor and connect the charger to the
flexible heating element for allowing power to flow from the charger to the flexible heating element in response to the sensed
temperature adjacent the one or more rechargeable batteries falling below a defined threshold temperature;

wherein the flexible heating element includes a polyimide insulated heater.

US Pat. No. 9,089,044

EMI SHIELDING CONNECTOR GASKET

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

1. A gasket comprising a body of indefinite length, the gasket having a cross-sectional profile comprising three protruding
members including a first member being generally vertical, a second member being generally forty-five degrees from the first
member via a curve, and a third member protruding from the second member near the curve, the third member being at an angle
generally less than vertical but more than forty five degrees with respect to the second member.

US Pat. No. 9,070,966

MULTI-BAND, WIDE-BAND ANTENNAS

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

1. A multi-band, wide-band antenna comprising:
an upper portion including two or more upper radiating elements and one or more slots disposed between the two or more upper
radiating elements;

a lower portion including two or more lower radiating elements and one or more slots disposed between the two or more lower
radiating elements;

a gap having two open ends between the upper and lower portions such that the upper radiating elements are separated and spaced
apart from the lower radiating elements, the gap including a plurality of rectangular portions defining a stepped configuration,

wherein the plurality of rectangular portions of the gap comprises a first rectangular portion and a second rectangular portion
that is narrower than the first rectangular portion, the second rectangular portion extending from an edge of the antenna
towards an opposite edge of the antenna to intersect with the first rectangular portion;

whereby coupling of the gap and the upper and lower radiating elements enable multi-band, wide-band operation of the antenna
within at least a first frequency range and a second frequency range, with the upper radiating elements operable as a radiating
portion of the antenna, the lower radiating elements operable as a ground portion, and the gap operable for impedance matching.

US Pat. No. 9,321,949

ADHESIVE, THERMALLY CONDUCTIVE, ELECTRICAL INSULATORS

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

1. A thermally conductive electrically insulating material consisting only of:
4 to 40 parts by weight of a macromolecular matrix material;
1 to 20 parts by weight of an adhesive additive; and
40 to 85 parts by weight of thermally conductive electrically insulating particles.

US Pat. No. 9,173,333

SHIELDING STRUCTURES INCLUDING FREQUENCY SELECTIVE SURFACES

LAIRD TECHNOLOGIES, INC.,...

1. A shielding structure comprising a frequency selective surface including at least a portion that is configured to be conformable
to a mating surface, whereby the frequency selective surface is configured to be operable for attenuating, reflecting, and/or
redirecting electromagnetic signals at one or more bandstop frequencies that are propagating through a structure without completely
blocking the structure when the frequency selective surface is positioned within the structure.

US Pat. No. 9,093,750

MULTIBAND MIMO VEHICULAR ANTENNA ASSEMBLIES WITH DSRC CAPABILITIES

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

1. A multiband multiple input multiple output (MIMO) vehicular antenna assembly for installation to a vehicle body wall, the
antenna assembly comprising:
at least one cellular antenna configured to be operable over one or more cellular frequencies;
a dual monopole antenna configured to be operable over Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) frequencies, the dual monopole
antenna including:

an isolator configured to provide isolation between the dual monopole antenna and the at least one cellular antenna; and
first and second DSRC antenna elements spaced apart from each other and disposed along opposite sides of the isolator;
a first circuit board connected to and/or supporting the at least one cellular antenna; and
a second circuit board above the first circuit board, the second circuit board formed of a different material than the first
circuit board such that the second circuit board has a lower loss tangent at DSRC frequencies than the first circuit board,
the second circuit board connected to and/or supporting the dual monopole antenna.

US Pat. No. 9,153,873

MULTIPLE-ANTENNA SYSTEMS WITH ENHANCED ISOLATION AND DIRECTIVITY

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

1. A system comprising:
a ground plane including a circular portion having a circumference and a center;
a plurality of antenna elements mounted to the ground plane along the circumference of the circular portion of the ground
plane, the antenna elements equidistant from the center of the circular portion of the ground plane, the antenna elements
spaced equally apart from each other such that a one hundred twenty degree(120°) arc is defined between mounting points of
two adjacent antenna elements and the center of the circular portion of the ground plane;

a first plurality of isolators/reflectors in a spoked configuration centered at the center of the circular portion of the
ground plane, such that the isolators/reflectors are positioned about the center of the circular portion of the ground plane
and extend outwardly in a direction away from the center of the circular portion of the ground plane; and/or

a second plurality of isolators/reflectors, each placed between a corresponding one of the antenna elements and the center
of the circular portion of the ground plane;

wherein each of the first and the second pluralities of isolators/reflectors includes two vertical sections and a horizontal
section that is generally parallel with the ground plane, and defining an inverted U-shaped configuration for each of the
isolators/reflectors.

US Pat. No. 9,131,616

METALLIZED FILM-OVER-FOAM CONTACTS

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

1. A metallized film-over-foam contact for circuit grounding of surface mount technology devices, the contact comprising:
a resilient core member;
a solderable electrically conductive layer including a metallized film; and
an adhesive bonding the solderable electrically conductive layer to the resilient core member, the adhesive having no more
than a maximum of 900 parts per million chlorine, no more than a maximum of 900 parts per million bromine, and no more than
a maximum of 1,500 parts per million total halogens;

whereby the contact includes a plate positioned between the contact and a solder pad, wherein the plate and the solder pad
are coupled with the contact via solder paste, whereby the plate operates to provide a rigid structure to the contact and
separate the contact from the solder pad.

US Pat. No. 9,222,735

COMPLIANT MULTILAYERED THERMALLY-CONDUCTIVE INTERFACE ASSEMBLIES

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

9. A thermally-conductive interface assembly comprising a perforated thermally-conductive sheet having first and second sides
and one or more perforations extending through the perforated thermally-conductive sheet from the first side to the second
side, the perforated thermally-conductive sheet sandwiched between first and second layers of thermal interface material,
which is conformable to mating surfaces such that the first and second layers of thermal interface material are respectively
conformable to one of the mating surfaces of at least one heat generating component of an electronic device and one of the
mating surfaces of a heat dissipating member, wherein the thermal interface material encapsulates the perforated thermally-conductive
sheet, covers the one or more perforations, and forms a bond through the one or more perforations, whereby the bond helps
mechanically bond the first and second layers to the perforated thermally-conductive sheet and helps provide heat conduction
between the first and second layers.

US Pat. No. 9,331,390

ANTENNA ASSEMBLIES

LAIRD TECHNOLOGIES, INC.,...

1. An antenna assembly comprising:
a first radiating board including one or more dipole radiating elements;
a second radiating board including one or more dipole radiating elements;
a network board between the first and second radiating boards such that the first and second radiating boards are respectively
spaced apart from upper and lower surfaces of the network board, the network board including a feed network and a ground plane;
and

one or more interconnect boards operable for providing an electrical connection between the feed network and the dipole radiating
elements of the first and second radiating boards, the one or more interconnect boards being perpendicular to the network
board, the one or more interconnect boards including a first end electrically connected to the first radiating board and a
second end electrically connected to the second radiating board;

whereby the dipole radiating elements are operable simultaneously and co-locate radio frequency currents for a first frequency
band and a second frequency band.

US Pat. No. 9,136,603

MULTI-BAND DIPOLE ANTENNA ASSEMBLIES FOR USE WITH WIRELESS APPLICATION DEVICES

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

1. An antenna element for a multi-band sleeve dipole antenna assembly that is configured to be externally installed to a wireless
application device, the antenna element comprising:
a body;
a first radiating element tuned for receiving electrical resonant frequencies within a first frequency bandwidth;
a second radiating element tuned for receiving electrical resonant frequencies within a second frequency bandwidth different
from the first frequency bandwidth;

at least part of the first radiating element and/or at least part of the second radiating element having a non-planar construction
defining a non-solid interior portion;

wherein the first and second radiating elements are integrally, monolithically defined at least partly by the body;
wherein the antenna element is stamped from a single sheet of conductive material forming the first radiating element and
the second radiating element such that the first and second radiating elements are monolithically or integrally formed as
one piece of material;

wherein the first and second radiating elements have rounded outer perimeters and share a common longitudinal axis where a
radius of curvature of the first radiating element is the same as that of the second radiating element to monolithically form
a partial cylinder shape;

wherein a side portion of the partial cylinder shape includes an open slot formed between a first side of the first radiating
element and a first side of the second radiating element such that the side portion is open;

wherein a second side of the second radiating element opposite its first side is coextensive with or defined by a second side
of the first radiating element opposite its first side;

whereby the first and second radiating elements are configured for use with a multi-band sleeve dipole antenna assembly that
includes a ground in the form of a metallic cylindrical hollow sleeve to which the antenna element is coupled by a coaxial
cable that extends through the sleeve to the antenna element; and

wherein the sleeve includes a length that is a fraction of a wavelength of a lower operating frequency band of the first frequency
bandwidth and the second frequency bandwidth such that the sleeve contributes to the frequency characteristics of the antenna
element.

US Pat. No. 9,103,684

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ODOMETER CALIBRATION

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

10. A method of calibrating an odometer of a motor vehicle comprising:
receiving first speed data, which includes electronic data, for the motor vehicle over a duration of operation of the motor
vehicle;

receiving, via a communications link, second speed data, which includes electronic data, for the motor vehicle over a portion
of the duration of operation of the motor vehicle;

wherein receiving first speed data comprises receiving first speed data from a speed sensor onboard the motor vehicle;
wherein receiving second speed data comprises receiving second speed data from a global positioning system, via a communications
link between the global positioning system and a global positioning system controller onboard the motor vehicle, in which
the communications link is active to enable communication for the portion of the duration of operation of the motor vehicle;

computing an overall average speed of the motor vehicle during the duration of operation from the first speed data;
computing an intermittent average speed for the motor vehicle during the portion of the duration of the operation of the motor
vehicle;

computing a second average speed for the motor vehicle during the portion of the duration from the second speed data; and
computing corrected odometer data based on the second average speed, intermittent average speed and overall average speed;
wherein computing corrected odometer data comprises using the following equation:
where D is corrected odometer data value for the motor vehicle, vaveGPS is average GPS speed data value, vaveSpeed is intermittent average speed data value, voverallaveSpeed is overall average speed data value, t is the duration, and D1 is current odometer data value.

US Pat. No. 9,360,240

THERMOELECTRIC ASSEMBLY

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

1. A thermoelectric assembly comprising:
a cold side and a hot side, where a boundary between the hot side and the cold side is generally defined by a plane;
the assembly further comprising a fan sink on the hot side, and a pair of fan sinks on the cold side;
wherein each fan sink comprises a heat sink and a fan, each fan comprising a blade, and each heat sink comprising a heat sink
base and a fin set disposed on the heat sink base, each fin set comprising a plurality of substantially parallel planar fins,
the fins being aligned in an exhaust direction, the exhaust direction being parallel to the plane, wherein each fan sink is
associated with an air intake direction defined by an axis about which the blade is rotatably attached to the fan, the air
intake direction being perpendicular to the plane;

the assembly further comprising a plurality of thermoelectric modules, the thermoelectric modules being arranged in at least
one electrical circuit, with each thermoelectric module being in thermal contact with the heat sink bases of the fan sinks
on both the hot side and the cold side, wherein the air intake directions of the pair of fan sinks on the cold side are substantially
parallel vectors; and

wherein the angle defined by the exhaust directions of the pair of fan sinks on the cold side is selected from the group consisting
of zero degrees, ninety degrees, and one hundred eighty degrees;

the assembly further comprising an electric bay between the pair of fan sinks on the cold side.

US Pat. No. 9,226,433

SELECTIVELY CONDUCTIVE EMI GASKETS

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

1. An electromagnetic interference gasket comprising a body of indefinite length and including:
a core surrounded by an electrically-conductive layer, where the electrically-conductive layer is adhered to the core; and
a nonconductive layer adhered to the electrically-conductive layer along one or more opposite sides of the gasket that are
configured to deflect outwardly when the gasket is compressed between first and second surfaces;

wherein a printed circuit board includes the first surface;
wherein the gasket is deflectable between the printed circuit board and the second surface to provide electrical conductivity
between the first surface of the printed circuit board and the second surface with the nonconductive layer preventing electrical
contact with and shorting out of an adjacent electrical component on the first surface of the printed circuit board when the
gasket is compressed and the nonconductive layer contacts the adjacent electrical component.

US Pat. No. 9,322,580

CIRCUIT ASSEMBLIES INCLUDING THERMOELECTRIC MODULES

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

1. A circuit assembly comprising:
a circuit board;
a thermoelectric module; and
at least one electrical pathway coupling the thermoelectric module to the circuit board;
wherein the circuit board forms at least part of the thermoelectric module; and
wherein the circuit board supports electrical components on the circuit board at locations spaced apart from the thermoelectric
module; and

the circuit assembly further comprising multiple thermoelectric modules, and wherein the circuit board forms at least part
of the multiple thermoelectric modules.

US Pat. No. 9,357,683

ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE (EMI) SHIELDING APPARATUS INCLUDING ELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE FOAM

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

1. A multipiece shielding apparatus comprising:
a frame comprising electrically-conductive foam that comprises plated foam; and
a cover attachable to the frame;
whereby the multipiece shielding apparatus is operable for shielding one or more components on a substrate when the one or
more components are within an interior cooperatively defined by the frame and the cover attached to the frame;

wherein:
the multipiece shielding apparatus has a height of less than one millimeter;
the electrically-conductive foam has a flame rating of UL94 V-0;
the electrically-conductive foam has no more than a maximum of 900 parts per million chlorine, no more than a maximum of 900
parts per million bromine, and no more than a maximum of 1,500 parts per million total halogens; and

the cover has no more than a maximum of 900 parts per million chlorine, no more than a maximum of 900 parts per million bromine,
and no more than a maximum of 1,500 parts per million total halogens.

US Pat. No. 9,330,998

THERMAL INTERFACE MATERIAL ASSEMBLIES AND RELATED METHODS

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

1. A thermal interface material assembly comprising:
a substrate;
one or more thermally-conductive pillars protruding outwardly away from the substrate, the one or more thermally-conductive
pillars comprise metal or metal alloy; and

a thermally-conductive heat path at least partially defined by and through the substrate and the one or more thermally-conductive
pillars, whereby heat may be transferable along the thermally-conductive heat path from a heat source of an electronic device
to a heat dissipating device.

US Pat. No. 9,258,928

ASSEMBLIES AND METHODS FOR DISSIPATING HEAT FROM HANDHELD ELECTRONIC DEVICES

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

1. An assembly suitable for use in dissipating heat from a heat source of a circuit board within an electronic device that
includes an exterior casing and a battery area between the circuit board and the exterior casing, the assembly comprising
a thermally-conductive structure which comprises graphite and is disposed about or defining the battery area such that a thermally-conductive
heat path is provided from the heat source around the battery area to the exterior casing, the thermally-conductive heat path
including a portion around a battery positioned within the battery area provided by the thermally-conductive structure, such
that heat is transferrable through the thermally-conductive structure and along the thermally-conductive heat path from the
heat source around the battery area to the exterior casing, wherein the thermally-conductive structure comprises a lower portion
in direct contact with the heat source, an upper portion in direct contact with the exterior casing, and side portions that
extend upwards from the lower portion to the upper portion, whereby heat is transferrable from the heat source to the lower
portion, upwards through the side portions, to the upper portion, and to the exterior casing.

US Pat. No. 9,303,902

THERMOELECTRIC ASSEMBLY

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

1. A thermoelectric assembly comprising:
a cold side and a hot side, where the boundary between the hot side and the cold side is generally defined by a plane;
a heat sink on each of the hot side and the cold side, each heat sink comprising a heat sink base and a fin set disposed on
the heat sink base, each fin set comprising a plurality of substantially parallel planar fins, the fins being aligned in a
single exhaust direction that is parallel to the plane, the heat sinks meeting at their respective bases at the plane; a plurality
of thermoelectric modules, the thermoelectric modules being arranged in at least one electrical circuit, with each thermoelectric
module residing in the plane and being in thermal contact with the heat sinks of both the hot side and the cold side; and
a fan and focusing structure on each of the hot side and cold side, each fan having an air intake direction, the focusing
structure located between the fan and the heat sink on the respective hot side and cold side for focusing air from the fan
into the fin set of the sink on corresponding hot and cold side;

wherein the air intake direction of the fan on the cold side and the air intake direction of the fan on the hot side are parallel
opposing vectors,

wherein the single hot side exhaust direction and the single cold side exhaust direction are opposing parallel vectors,
wherein the heat sinks on the hot and cold side and the plane are sloped diagonally within the housing such that the thermoelectric
assembly is mountable on a surface of an enclosure to be cooled to thereby separate an interior of the enclosure from an exterior
of the enclosure whereby the exterior is the hot side and the interior is the cold side.

US Pat. No. 9,462,732

ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE SHIELDING (EMI) APPARATUS INCLUDING A FRAME WITH DRAWN LATCHING FEATURES

LAIRD TECHNOLOGIES, INC.,...

1. A shielding apparatus suitable for use in providing electromagnetic interference shielding for one or more electrical components
on a substrate, the shielding apparatus comprising:
a cover including one or more retention members having one or more cam surfaces and one or more openings;
a frame having a top surface and sidewalls, the frame being partly drawn in construction such that the frame includes:
one or more drawn latching features extending outwardly from the top surface of the frame, the one or more drawn latching
features engageable within the one or more openings of the cover to thereby releasably attach the cover to the frame; and

one or more openings along the sidewalls where material was drawn to form the one or more drawn latching features, which openings
extend downwardly along the sidewalls from the one or more drawn latching features to a bottom of the frame such that each
of the one or more openings along the sidewalls has an open shape;

wherein the one or more drawn latching features contact and slide along the one or more cam surfaces of the one or more retention
members of the cover when the cover is positioned over the frame, and wherein sliding contact of the one or more drawn latching
features with the one or more cam surfaces causes the one or more retention members to move and allow the one or more drawn
latching features to move into the one or more openings of the one or more retention members.

US Pat. No. 9,307,631

CAVITY RESONANCE REDUCTION AND/OR SHIELDING STRUCTURES INCLUDING FREQUENCY SELECTIVE SURFACES

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

1. A structure comprising a frequency selective surface including a plurality of electrically-conductive members and a plurality
of electromagnetic energy absorptive members each coupled to a corresponding one of the electrically-conductive members, whereby
the frequency selective surface is operable for attenuating electromagnetic signals within a cavity of a closed structure
when the frequency selective surface is positioned within the cavity to thereby reduce cavity resonance and/or electromagnetic
energy propagation within the cavity.
US Pat. No. 9,260,645

THERMAL INTERFACE MATERIALS INCLUDING THERMALLY REVERSIBLE GELS

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

1. A thermal interface material comprising at least one thermally conductive filler in a thermally reversible gel, the thermally
reversible gel comprising di-block styrenic copolymer whereby the thermal interface material comprises a gap pad that is soft
at room temperature and that is operable for allowing heat generated by an operating electrical component to pass through
the gap pad, wherein:
the thermal interface material has a hardness of about 48 Shore 00, the thermally reversible gel comprises di-block and tri-block
styrenic copolymers and paraffinic oil, the paraffinic oil is about 14.1 percent of the gap pad by weight, the di-block styrenic
copolymer is about 4.2 percent of the gap pad by weight, the tri-block styrenic copolymer is about 1.1 percent of the gap
pad by weight, and the at least one thermally conductive filler is about 80.2 percent of the gap pad by weight; or

the thermal interface material has a hardness of about 75 Shore 00, the thermally reversible gel comprises di-block styrenic
copolymer, a tri-block and di-block styrenic copolymer blend and paraffinic oil, the paraffinic oil is about 13.5 percent
of the gap pad by weight, the di-block styrenic copolymer is about 11.7 percent of the gap pad by weight, the di-block and
tri-block styrenic copolymer blend is about 3.4 percent of the gap pad by weight, and the at least one thermally conductive
filler is about 81 percent of the gap pad by weight; or

the thermal interface material has a hardness of about 80 Shore 00, the thermally reversible gel comprises a di-block styrenic
copolymer, a tri-block styrenic copolymer, and paraffinic oil, the paraffinic oil is about 43.2 percent of the gap pad by
weight, the di-block styrenic copolymer is about 2.9 percent of the gap pad by weight, the tri-block styrenic copolymer is
about 6.7 percent of the gap pad by weight, and the at least one thermally conductive filler is about 46.1 percent of the
gap pad by weight; or

the thermal interface material has a hardness of about 88 Shore 00, the thermally reversible gel comprises a di-block styrenic
copolymer, a tri-block styrenic copolymer, and paraffinic oil, the paraffinic oil is about 42.4 percent of the gap pad by
weight, the di-block styrenic copolymer is about 2.8 percent of the gap pad by weight, the tri-block styrenic copolymer is
about 6.6 percent of the gap pad by weight, and the at least one thermally conductive filler is about 47.1 percent of the
gap pad by weight; or

the thermal interface material has a hardness of about 28 Shore 00, the thermally reversible gel comprises di-block styrenic
copolymer, a tri-block and di-block styrenic copolymer blend and paraffinic oil, the paraffinic oil is about 42.5 percent
of the gap pad by weight, the di-block styrenic copolymer is about 5.3 percent of the gap pad by weight, the di-block and
tri-block styrenic copolymer blend is about 10.6 percent of the gap pad by weight, and the at least one thermally conductive
filler is about 40.3 percent of the gap pad by weight.

US Pat. No. 9,260,646

POLYMER MATRICES FUNCTIONALIZED WITH CARBON-CONTAINING SPECIES FOR ENHANCED THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

1. A material comprising a polymer matrix functionalized with a carbon-containing species covalently coupled with the polymer
matrix, wherein the carbon-containing species is covalently bonded to the polymer matrix via a coupling agent that is part
of the polymer matrix, and the polymer matrix comprises a two-part silicone matrix including a first part operable as the
coupling agent and a second part operable as a functionalization molecule;
wherein the polymer matrix includes at least one thermally conductive filler; and/or
wherein the functionalization of the polymer matrix improves thermal conductivity of the polymer matrix by at least 11%.

US Pat. No. 9,491,691

BLUETOOTH ASSISTED COOPERATIVE WIFI SCAN AND ROAM

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

1. A cooperative scan and roam BLUETOOTH system comprising:
one or more BLUETOOTH nodes configured to transmit node roam table data or a universally unique identifier (UUID) to one or
more client devices, the one or more client devices each having a stored client roam table and connected to at least one of
multiple access points of a wireless network;

thereby allowing the one or more client devices to update their stored client roam tables wherein, when node roam table data
is transmitted, the stored client roam tables are updated based on the transmitted node roam table data, and wherein, when
a UUID is transmitted, the stored client roam tables are updated based on roam table information obtained from a server according
to the transmitted UUID, or are updated based on roam table information obtained from a cache including multiple roam tables
according to the transmitted UUID;

wherein the one or more client devices are configured to receive the node roam table data from the one or more BLUETOOTH nodes,
the server and/or the cache, and store the received node roam table data in their client roam tables; and

wherein the one or more client devices are configured to scan the one or more wireless networks to detect additional access
points in the one or more wireless networks, compare scan result data to the received node roam table data, and when the scan
result data is different from the received roam table data, transmit the scan result data to the one or more BLUETOOTH nodes.

US Pat. No. 9,376,606

POLYMER MATRICES FUNCTIONALIZED WITH LIQUID CRYSTALS FOR ENHANCED THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

1. A thermal interface material comprising a polymer matrix functionalized with liquid crystals grafted onto the polymer matrix,
and at least one thermally conductive filler in the polymer matrix, wherein the thermal interface material has a thermal conductivity
of at least 1 Watt per meter Kelvin.

US Pat. No. 9,622,338

FREQUENCY SELECTIVE STRUCTURES FOR EMI MITIGATION

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

18. A method comprising positioning a multilayered frequency selective structure including multiple layers of frequency selective
surfaces relative to one or more electronic components such that the multilayered frequency selective structure is operable
for shielding or mitigating electromagnetic interference (EMI) without completely blocking a ventilating airflow for helping
reduce heat buildup in the one or more electronic components.

US Pat. No. 9,472,846

MULTI-BAND PLANAR INVERTED-F (PIFA) ANTENNAS AND SYSTEMS WITH IMPROVED ISOLATION

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

1. A planar inverted-F antenna (PIFA) operable within at least a first frequency range and a second frequency range different
than the first frequency range, the PIFA comprising:
an upper radiating patch element having a slot;
a first shorting element electrically connected to the upper radiating patch element;
a second shorting element electrically connected to the upper radiating patch element, the second shorting element having
a non-flat configuration between the upper radiating patch element and a lower surface such that a length of the second shorting
element between the upper radiating patch element and the lower surface is greater than a spaced distance separating the upper
radiating patch element and the lower surface; and

a feeding element electrically connected to the upper radiating patch element, the feeding element is defined as being an
entire side of the PIFA between the upper radiating patch element and the lower surface.

US Pat. No. 9,270,019

MULTIBAND MIMO VEHICULAR ANTENNA ASSEMBLIES WITH DSRC CAPABILITIES

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

1. A multiband multiple input multiple output (MIMO) vehicular antenna assembly for installation to a vehicle body wall, the
antenna assembly comprising:
at least one cellular antenna configured to be operable over one or more cellular frequencies;
a dual monopole antenna configured to be operable over Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) frequencies, the dual monopole
antenna including:

an isolator configured to provide isolation between the dual monopole antenna and the at least one cellular antenna; and
first and second DSRC antenna elements spaced apart from each other and disposed along opposite sides of the isolator.

US Pat. No. 9,460,574

BLUETOOTH ZONE CONTROL USING PROXIMITY DETECTION

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

1. A Bluetooth zone control system comprising:
a first Bluetooth device configured to provide a first Bluetooth signal, a location of the first Bluetooth device corresponding
to a location of a machine; and

an operator control unit including a second Bluetooth device configured to detect the first Bluetooth signal, the operator
control unit configured to control the machine based on first authorization rights when the second Bluetooth device detects
the first Bluetooth signal at or above a signal threshold, and to control the machine based on second authorization rights
when the second Bluetooth device does not detect the first Bluetooth signal at or above the signal threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,795,059

THERMAL INTERFACE MATERIALS WITH THIN FILM OR METALLIZATION

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

1. A thermal interface material assembly for establishing a thermal-conducting heat path from a heat-generating electronic
component within an electronic device to a heat dissipating and/or heat spreading member, comprising:
a thermal interface material comprising silicone, the thermal interface material having a first side and a second side, and
which is conformable to a mating surface of the heat-generating electronic component; and

a thin dry material having a thickness less than 0.0001 inches, the dry material disposed along at least a portion of the
first side of the thermal interface material,

wherein the dry material is configured to be releasable from the mating surface of the heat-generating electronic component
when in contact therewith and inhibit adherence of the thermal interface material assembly to the mating surface of the heat-generating
electronic component, thereby allowing the thermal interface material assembly after being positioned with the dry material
against the mating surface of the heat-generating electronic component to release from the mating surface of the heat-generating
electronic component and with the dry material remaining disposed along the thermal interface material.

US Pat. No. 9,635,789

BOARD LEVEL ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE (EMI) SHIELDS WITH INCREASED UNDER-SHIELD SPACE

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

1. A method comprising providing dielectric material within one or more recessed portions along an inner surface of an electromagnetic
interference (EMI) shield, the inner surface defined by a piece of material, wherein the method includes:
creating the one or more recessed portions in the piece of material before providing the dielectric material within the one
or more recessed portions along the inner surface of the shield;

stamping a flat pattern partial profile into the piece of material after creating the one or more recessed portions in the
piece of material, whereby the flat pattern partial profile includes a cover and one or more sidewalls of the shield; and

forming the stamped piece of material by bending, folding, or drawing portions of the stamped piece of material that define
the one or more sidewalls;

whereby the one or more recessed portions provide at least one of increased under-shield space and greater clearance for one
or more components under the shield, and whereby the dielectric material inhibits the one or more recessed portions of the
shield from directly contacting and electrically shorting one or more components when the one or more components are under
the shield.

US Pat. No. 9,608,318

ANTENNA ASSEMBLIES AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

1. A method comprising:
forming a sleeve over or between a first portion of a first component and a second portion of a second component, such that
the sleeve is coupled to the first and second portions of the respective first and second components; and

removably attaching an antenna connector subassembly of a multiband antenna assembly to the first component such that a printed
circuit board assembly of the antenna connector subassembly is covered by the sleeve;

wherein the multiband antenna assembly comprises one or more radiating elements including at least one helical radiator having
a longitudinal axis, and at least one linear radiator aligned with or disposed at least partially along the longitudinal axis
of the at least one helical radiator, whereby the antenna assembly is resonant in multiple frequency bands; and

wherein:
the at least one linear radiator comprises first and second linear radiators;
the at least one helical radiator comprises first and second helical radiators;
a first dielectric spacer mechanically couples a first end portion of the first linear radiator to the second component;
a second dielectric spacer mechanically couples a second end portion of the first linear radiator to a first end portion of
the second linear radiator;

a first coil form is disposed over the first and second linear radiators and supports at least a portion of the first helical
radiator; and

a second coil form is disposed over the first coil form and supports at least a portion of the second helical radiator;
the first and second linear radiators are not galvanically coupled to each other; and
the first and second linear radiators extend through one or more coils of the first or second helical radiator without galvanically
coupling to the first and second helical radiators.

US Pat. No. 9,595,755

GROUND INDEPENDENT MULTI-BAND ANTENNA ASSEMBLIES

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

1. An antenna assembly operable within at least a first frequency range and a second frequency range different than the first
frequency range, the antenna assembly comprising:
an annular ground element;
a feed element including a feeding point and a shorting point electrically connected to the annular ground element, the feeding
point is adjacent an edge portion of the feed element, the shorting point is spaced apart from the feeding point and the edge
portion of the feed element, the feed element is coupled to the annular ground element such that the shorting point is closer
to a center of the annular ground element than is the feeding point and such that the feeding point is closer to an edge of
the annular ground element than is the shorting point;

a patch element electrically shorted to the annular ground element by the feed element; and
a high band element;
whereby the antenna assembly is ground independent when operating in the first and second frequency ranges.
US Pat. No. 9,515,004

THERMAL INTERFACE MATERIALS

LAIRD TECHNOLOGIES, INC.,...

1. A thermal interface material configured for use with an electronic device for transferring heat between heat generating
components and heat removing components of the electronic device, the thermal interface material comprising a first material
including polymer and a second material including a contact resistance reducing material to thereby reduce surface contact
resistance between the first material and heat generating and/or heating removing components of the electronic device, wherein
a distinct layer of the second material is applied to and disposed along a side surface of the first material, and wherein:
the second material has a phase change softening temperature less than 125 degrees Celsius; and
the second material conforms to a thermal transfer surface when the thermal interface material is installed and the second
material is between the first material and the thermal transfer surface, whereby the second material fills interstitial voids
of the thermal transfer surface and/or reduces air gaps between the first material and the thermal transfer surface.

US Pat. No. 9,724,059

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR COOLING X-RAY TUBES AND DETECTORS

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

1. A method comprising:
cooling a coolant outside an operating environment of an X-ray tube and an X-ray image detector using an active or passive
chiller;

circulating the coolant from the active or passive chiller towards the X-ray tube;
diverting a portion of the coolant to a direct to liquid (DL)thermoelectric assembly (TEA) situated on an X-ray image detector
plate such that the diverted portion of the coolant passes through the DL TEA, whereby the DL TEA is used for actively cooling
and controlling temperature of the X-ray image detector plate;

allowing at least a portion of the remaining undiverted coolant to flow to the X-ray tube for cooling of the X-ray tube; and
returning the coolant from the X-ray tube and the DL TEA back to the active or passive chiller.

US Pat. No. 9,673,536

OMNIDIRECTIONAL ANTENNAS, ANTENNA SYSTEMS AND METHODS OF MAKING OMNIDIRECTIONAL ANTENNAS

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

1. An antenna comprising:
at least two feeds that are triangular, step-shaped, and/or tapering;
at least one open side defined between the at least two feeds;
a feed point between and/or connected to the at least two feeds; and
shorting legs for mechanical support and electrically coupling to a ground plane;
wherein the at least two feeds comprise a first triangular tapering feed and a second triangular tapering feed generally opposing
the first triangular tapering feed;

wherein:
the first triangular tapering feed comprises first and second slanted edge portions such that a width of the first triangular
tapering feed tapers in a direction towards the feed point whereby the width of the first triangular tapering feed is narrowest
at or adjacent the feed point; and

the second triangular tapering feed comprises third and fourth slanted edge portions such that a width of the second triangular
tapering feed tapers in a direction towards the feed point whereby the width of the second triangular tapering feed is narrowest
at or adjacent the feed point.

US Pat. No. 9,748,654

ANTENNA SYSTEMS WITH PROXIMITY COUPLED ANNULAR RECTANGULAR PATCHES

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

15. An antenna system comprising:
an active global positioning satellite antenna;
a passive antenna including a radiating patch element, an antenna ground plane spaced apart from the radiating patch element,
a feeding element electrically coupling to the radiating patch element, and at least two shorting elements electrically coupling
the radiating patch element to the antenna ground plane; and

an isolator next to the radiating patch element;
wherein the radiating patch element includes an outer perimeter that is substantially rectangular and an open interior portion
that is substantially rectangular;

wherein the feeding element includes a vertical transmission line and a horizontal feed patch, and the feeding element electrically
couples the radiating patch element to a feed point;

wherein the horizontal feed patch of the feeding element includes at least two L-shaped slots or at least two tapered L-shaped
slots configured to extend an electrical length of a high frequency band of the antenna.

US Pat. No. 9,716,318

PATCH ANTENNA ASSEMBLIES

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

1. A printed circuit board assembly consisting essentially of:
a patch antenna element integrally defined by the printed circuit board assembly along an upper surface of the printed circuit
board assembly, wherein the patch antenna element is generally rectangular including a pair of truncated opposite corners;

one or more components along a lower surface of the printed circuit board assembly; wherein the printed circuit board assembly
comprises a multilayer printed circuit board assembly including:

a top layer of electrically-conductive material etched to integrally define the patch antenna element;
a bottom component layer including the one or more components;
a first core layer defining the upper surface along which the patch antenna element is disposed;
a second core layer defining the lower surface along which the one or more components are disposed;
prepreg between the first and second core layers;
a ground plane integrally defined by an inner electrically-conductive layer of the printed circuit board assembly, wherein
the ground plane is between the first core layer defining the upper surface along which the patch antenna element is disposed
and the second core layer defining the lower surface along which the one or more components are disposed.

US Pat. No. 9,674,993

FLAME RETARDANT, ELECTRICALLY CONDUCTIVE ADHESIVE MATERIALS AND RELATED METHODS

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

1. A flame retardant, electrically conductive adhesive material suitable for use as tape and comprising:
a layer of electrically conductive adhesive that is free of flame retardant;
a layer of electrically conductive fabric on the layer of electrically conductive adhesive; and
a flame retardant coating on the layer of electrically conductive fabric, the coating including a carbon-containing resin;
wherein the flame retardant, electrically conductive adhesive material is able to achieve a UL flame rating; and
wherein:
the flame retardant coating including the carbon-containing resin is the sole flame retardant included in the flame retardant,
electrically conductive adhesive material; and/or

the flame retardant, electrically conductive adhesive material has a z-axis resistance of 0.007 ohms or less, and/or a surface
resistivity of 0.07 ohms per square or less, and/or a peel adhesion of at least 1.6 pounds per inch width or higher.

US Pat. No. 9,781,750

AUTOMATIC WIRELESS MODE SWITCHING

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

5. The wireless communication device of claim 1, wherein the controller is configured to switch the mode of operation between at least three modes of operation.
US Pat. No. 9,771,508

THERMAL INTERFACE MATERIALS INCLUDING THERMALLY REVERSIBLE GELS

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

1. A thermal interface material comprising at least one thermally conductive filler in a thermally reversible gel including
di-block and tri-block styrenic copolymers and process oil, wherein a ratio of the process oil to the di-block and tri-block
styrenic copolymers is at least about 4 to 1 but not more than about 12 to 1, wherein the thermal interface material comprises
a compliant thermally-conductive gap filler operable for allowing heat to pass from an operating electrical component through
the compliant thermally-conductive gap filler.

US Pat. No. 9,793,602

MULTIBAND MIMO VEHICULAR ANTENNA ASSEMBLIES

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

1. A multiband multiple input multiple output (MIMO) vehicular antenna assembly for installation to a vehicle body wall, the
antenna assembly comprising:
a chassis;
an outer radome coupled to the chassis such that an interior enclosure is collectively defined by the outer radome and the
chassis;

an inner radome within the interior enclosure and having inner and outer surfaces spaced apart from the chassis and the outer
radome;

at least one antenna element within the interior enclosure between the inner surface of the inner radome and the chassis;
and

at least one antenna element along a portion of the inner radome so as to generally follow a curved or non-flat contour of
the portion of the inner radome;

wherein the at least one antenna element along the portion of the inner radome comprises:
a first MIMO antenna element located along a back outer surface portion of the inner radome such that the first MIMO antenna
element generally follows a contour of the back outer surface portion of the inner radome; and

a second MIMO antenna element located along a front outer surface portion of the inner radome such that the second MIMO antenna
element generally follows a contour of the front outer surface portion of the inner radome.

US Pat. No. 9,774,084

OMNIDIRECTIONAL BROADBAND ANTENNAS

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

20. An omnidirectional broadband antenna comprising:
a ground element;
an antenna element electrically isolated from the ground element, the antenna element having at least one portion that is
substantially conical, that has a substantially hexagonal pyramidal shape, or that tapers in a longitudinal direction; and

an annular patch element electrically grounded to the ground element, the annular patch element surrounding at least a portion
of the antenna element and parasitically coupled to the antenna element,
wherein:
the antenna is configured for mounting to a ceiling inside of a building; and
the antenna is vertically polarized and operable at a range of operating frequencies between about 380 MHz and about 6000
MHz with a voltage standing wave ratio (VSWR) less than three to one (3:1), whereby the annular patch antenna element is configured
to be operable as a ?/4 wave trap for an operating frequency band of 400 MHz to thereby broaden bandwidth.

US Pat. No. 9,832,915

PRESSURE LOCKING BOARD LEVEL SHIELD ASSEMBLIES

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

1. A board level shield (BLS) assembly for electromagnetic interference mitigation comprising a fence and a lid, wherein:
the lid comprises a planar surface of material having sidewalls descending from the planar surface to form an interior region,
and the lid is complementary in shape to the fence such that the lid is attachable to the fence such that the sidewalls of
the lid at least partially cover a perimeter of the fence;

the lid further comprises at least one interior tab positioned towards the interior region of the lid away from the sidewalls
of the lid by a distance substantially equal to a thickness of the fence;

the lid and fence together include a latching mechanism for attachment of the lid to the fence; and
the fence further includes at least one inward protrusion positioned such that, when the lid is attached to the fence via
the latching mechanism, the at least one inward protrusion of the fence pushes the at least one interior tab of the lid at
least slightly towards the interior region of the lid;
wherein:
the lid comprises a frame and a cover;
the frame comprises a perimeter rim extending inwardly from a top of the frame;
the perimeter rim includes inner edges that define an open top of the frame; and
the cover comprises a substantially horizontal portion of material affixed to the perimeter rim to cover the open top of the
frame.

US Pat. No. 9,781,819

MULTIFUNCTIONAL COMPONENTS FOR ELECTRONIC DEVICES AND RELATED METHODS OF PROVIDING THERMAL MANAGEMENT AND BOARD LEVEL SHIELDING

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

1. A multifunctional component for an electronic device, the multifunctional component comprising:
a base component;
a heat spreader disposed on the base component; and
a thermal interface material and one or more walls of electromagnetic interference shielding material disposed on one or more
areas of the heat spreader;

the one or more areas corresponding in mirror image relation to one or more components of a circuit board for which the multifunctional
component is configured to be joined;
wherein:
the heat spreader comprises graphite laminated to the base component; and
the one or more walls comprise flexible fabric shielding material.
US Pat. No. 9,828,539

THERMAL INTERFACE MATERIALS WITH LOW SECANT MODULUS OF ELASTICITY AND HIGH THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

1. A thermal interface material comprising a matrix or base resin loaded with thermally-conductive filler, wherein the thermal
interface material has a thermal conductivity of at least 6 Watts per meter per Kelvin and a secant modulus of elasticity
of no more than 620 kilopascals (kPa) at 50% strain for 1.5 millimeter (mm) initial thickness material, and wherein:
the thermally-conductive filler comprises alumina and aluminum, and the matrix or base resin is loaded with the alumina and
aluminum such that the thermal interface material includes at least 90 weight % of the alumina and aluminum; and

the matrix or base resin comprises: a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS); or silicone polymer with platinum catalyst and silicone
polymer with SiH crosslinking oligomer; or a process oil.

US Pat. No. 9,472,846

MULTI-BAND PLANAR INVERTED-F (PIFA) ANTENNAS AND SYSTEMS WITH IMPROVED ISOLATION

Laird Technologies, Inc.,...

1. A planar inverted-F antenna (PIFA) operable within at least a first frequency range and a second frequency range different
than the first frequency range, the PIFA comprising:
an upper radiating patch element having a slot;
a first shorting element electrically connected to the upper radiating patch element;
a second shorting element electrically connected to the upper radiating patch element, the second shorting element having
a non-flat configuration between the upper radiating patch element and a lower surface such that a length of the second shorting
element between the upper radiating patch element and the lower surface is greater than a spaced distance separating the upper
radiating patch element and the lower surface; and

a feeding element electrically connected to the upper radiating patch element, the feeding element is defined as being an
entire side of the PIFA between the upper radiating patch element and the lower surface.