US Pat. No. 9,086,494

IMAGE SENSOR AND X-RAY IMAGE SENSING MODULE INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An image sensing apparatus comprising:
a sensing unit, and a charge sensing amplifier connected to the sensing unit, the charge sensing amplifier being configured
to receive a signal from the sensing unit and to amplify the signal,

the charge sensing amplifier including an input terminal, an amplification terminal, an output terminal, a first capacitor,
a second capacitor, a first switch, a second switch, and a reference voltage terminal,

wherein the first capacitor and the second capacitor are electrically connected between the input terminal and the output
terminal,

wherein the first switch is electrically connected between the input terminal and the output terminal, and
wherein the second switch is connected between the output terminal and the reference voltage terminal.

US Pat. No. 9,252,864

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR FAST BEAM-LINK CONSTRUCTION IN MOBILE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method for forming a beam-link by a base station in a wireless communication system using a beamforming scheme, the method
comprising:
determining at least one downlink beams to be used for downlink transmission and/or uplink reception;
transmitting a plurality of downlink (DL) reference signals to a Mobile Station (MS) via the at least one downlink beam, wherein
the plurality of DL reference signals are separated according to each antenna element in a subarray of the MS to estimate
respective channel state for each antenna element;

receiving a plurality of uplink (UL) reference signals via an uplink beam from the MS, each UL reference signal generated
based on the estimated respective channel state; and

updating the at least one downlink beam to increase a Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR) according to the received plurality of UL
reference signals.

US Pat. No. 9,112,424

POWER SUPPLY DEVICE HAVING IMPROVED POWER CONVERSION EFFICIENCY IN LIGHT LOAD CONDITIONS

SAMSUNG ELECTRO-MECHANICS...

1. A power supply device, comprising:
a power supply unit supplying preset DC power by switching input power using a full bridge by a phase shift method; and
a control unit controlling a switching time of a switch of the full bridge according to a load state in which the DC power
is received from the power supply unit;

wherein the switch of the full bridge of the power supply unit includes:
first and second leading leg switches; and
first and second lagging leg switches;
wherein the control unit maintains a switching on time of at least one of the first and second lagging leg switches as before,
in the case that the load current is above a predetermined load current; and

wherein the control unit delays a switching on time of at least one of the first and second lagging leg switches, in the case
that the load current is below the predetermined load current;

wherein the switching on time is a point in time of switching on the first or second lagging leg.
US Pat. No. 9,120,891

METHOD FOR PREPARING POLYLACTATE AND COPOLYMER THEREOF USING A MUTANT MICROORGANISM WITH ENHANCED POLYLACTATE, AND THE COPOLYMER PRODUCING CAPABILITY THEREOF

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A method of preparing polylactate (PLA), comprising:
preparing a mutant microorganism in which a gene coding for an enzyme participating in an acetate-producing pathway is inactivated
in the mutant microorganism or a gene coding for an enzyme re-converting acetate into acetyl CoA is amplified by over-expression
of a gene to increase the productivity of the CoA donor, and a gene coding for an enzyme participating in conversion of pyruvate
into lactate is amplified by over-expression of a gene to increase the productivity of the lactate;

incubating the mutant microorganism in a medium containing glucose or glucose and hydroxyalkanoate; and
recovering PLA from the mutant microorganism,
wherein the enzyme participating in the acetate-producing pathway is acetate kinase A,
wherein the enzyme re-converting the acetate into the acetyl CoA is acetyl-CoA synthetase, and
wherein the enzyme participating in the conversion of the pyruvate into the lactate is lactate dehydrogenase A.

US Pat. No. 9,238,418

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING POWER OF FUEL CELL VEHICLE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A method of controlling power of a fuel cell vehicle, comprising:
dividing an expected driving path of the fuel cell vehicle into a plurality of sections and setting the plurality of sections
according to a gradient;

comparing whether a predicted battery state of charge variation is within a battery charging or discharging allowance range
for each of the plurality of divided sections;

obtaining a predicted power using vehicle based information;
comparing the predicted power with maximum allowance power for each of the plurality of divided sections; and
setting the plurality of divided sections as a battery charging or discharging prohibition section and a battery charging
or discharging allowance section in advance according to a result of the comparison of the predicted battery state of charge
variation and the predicted power.

US Pat. No. 9,333,482

SYNTHESIS OF ULTRA-SMALL PORE ALUMINOSILICATES BY CONTROLLED STRUCTURAL COLLAPSE OF ZEOLITES

SAUDI ARABIAN OIL COMPANY...

1. An amorphous adsorbent composition for purifying hydrocarbon gas fractions comprising:
a hydrolyzed, partially collapsed Linde Type A aluminosilicate zeolite; and
a plurality of pores characterized by a pore aperture size of from about 0.33 nm to about 0.38 nm;
wherein the composition is characterized by a carbon dioxide/methane equilibrium selectivity factor in a range of about 3.8
to about 40.

US Pat. No. 9,282,929

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR ESTIMATING MALIGNANT TUMOR

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An apparatus for estimating a malignant tumor, the apparatus comprising:
a segmentor configured to segment a first medical image of an object into a first region of interest (ROI) including a mass
and a second medical image of the object into a second ROI including a mass;

an interest region determiner configured to acquire a first matched ROI and a second matched ROI, which is matched to the
first matched ROI based on location information of the first ROI and the second ROI, respectively;

a feature extractor configured to extract similar features indicating a degree of similarity between the first matched ROI
and the second matched ROI, from the first matched ROI and the second matched ROI; and

a classifier configured to generate malignant tumor information indicating whether the mass included in the first matched
ROI and the second matched ROI is the malignant tumor, based on the extracted similar features,

wherein the classifier comprises:
a plurality of first classifiers configured to generate probabilities of accuracy of determination that the mass included
in the first matched ROI and the second matched ROI is the malignant tumor by analyzing each of the similar features; and

a second classifier configured to generate the malignant tumor information by multiplying the probabilities by respective
reliabilities of the plurality of first classifiers as weight.

US Pat. No. 9,156,111

LEAD FREE SOLDER BUMPS

MK ELECTRON CO., LTD., (...

1. A primarily tin (Sn), lead-free solder comprising:
Cu in a range from about 0.1 wt % to about 0.8 wt %;
Pd in a range from about 0.001 wt % to about 0.1 wt %;
Al in a range from about 0.001 wt % to about 0.1 wt %;
Si in a range from about 0.001 wt % to about 0.1 wt %; and
Sn and inevitable impurities as remainders.

US Pat. No. 9,181,148

NI/CGO AND NI-RU/CGO BASED PRE-REFORMING CATALYSTS FORMULATION FOR METHANE RICH GAS PRODUCTION FROM DIESEL PROCESSING FOR FUEL CELL APPLICATIONS

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...

1. A catalyst comprising:
a nickel component of about 20% wt.,
a cerium oxide component of about 70% wt.,
and gadolinium oxide component of about 10% wt.,
wherein said catalyst converts diesel type liquid hydrocarbons to methane rich gas.

US Pat. No. 9,113,586

DEVICE FOR BONDING FLEXIBLE PCB TO CAMERA MODULE

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. A device for bonding a flexible printed circuit board (PCB) to a camera module, the device comprising:
a thermo-compression unit configured to apply heat and pressure to a conductive film between the camera module and the flexible
PCB, the conductive film including an insulating polymer resin and conductive particles;

an ultrasonic wave bonding unit configured to apply an ultrasonic wave to the conductive film;
a memory configured to store a first period for which the thermo-compression unit applies heat and pressure to the conductive
film and a second period for which the ultrasonic wave bonding unit applies the ultrasonic wave to the conductive film while
the thermo-compression unit maintains application of heat and pressure; and

a controller configured to:
control the thermo-compression unit to apply the heat and pressure to the conductive film for the first period;
control the ultrasonic wave bonding unit to apply the ultrasonic wave to the conductive film for the second period after the
first period while the thermo-compression unit maintains application of heat and pressure; and

control the thermo-compression unit to maintain application of the heat and pressure to the conductive film after the second
period until the insulating polymer resin of the conductive film is cured.

US Pat. No. 9,515,563

POWER MODULE AND DISTRIBUTED POWER SUPPLY APPARATUS HAVING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRO-MECHANICS...

1. A power module, comprising:
a power factor correction stage configured to switch an input power to correct a power factor thereof;
a DC/DC conversion stage configured to convert a power output of the power factor correction stage into a DC power;
a control unit configured to control the power factor correction stage and the DC/DC conversion stage to perform a power conversion
operation in a preset powered mode and to stop the power conversion operation of the DC/DC conversion stage in a preset idle
mode; and

a reference voltage supply unit configured to supply a reference voltage to the DC/DC conversion stage in the preset idle
mode, wherein the control unit is further configured to receive a current feedback associated with a current level of the
DC power and to control an operation of the reference voltage supply unit, and

wherein the DC/DC conversion stage is further configured to track the reference voltage supplied in the preset idle mode,
at the time of switching from the preset idle mode to the preset powered mode, to perform a power switching operation; and

wherein the DC/DC conversion stage includes:
a DC/DC conversion unit configured to switch the power output of the power factor correction stage and to convert the switched
power into the DC power; and

a DC conversion controller configured to control the switching of the DC/DC conversion unit based on a control exerted by
the control unit; and wherein the DC conversion controller includes:

a comparator configured to compare the reference voltage with a first voltage set by a voltage level of the DC power; and
a first switch configured to cut an output of the comparator according to the controlling of the control unit in the idle
mode.

US Pat. No. 9,302,922

FILTRATION MEMBRANES AND RELATED COMPOSITIONS, METHODS AND SYSTEMS

CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF T...

1. A filtration membrane with embedded polymeric nanoparticles comprising:
hyperbranched polymeric molecules covalently cross-linked to form polymeric nanoparticles embedded in a polymer matrix formed
by a porous polymeric aggregate.

US Pat. No. 9,163,929

TOMOGRAPHIC IMAGE GENERATION APPARATUS HAVING MODULATION AND CORRECTION DEVICE AND METHOD OF OPERATING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A tomographic image generation apparatus comprising:
a light source unit configured to emit light to be used for scanning an object;
an optical control unit configured to control a direction of propagation of light;
an optical coupler configured to divide and combine incident light;
a plurality of optical systems optically connected to the optical coupler; and
a modulation and correction device comprising an optical modulator and configured to modulate and correct the light to be
used for scanning the object;

wherein in the optical modulator, a reflection region of light that enters from the optical coupler is different from a reflection
region of light that enters from the object.

US Pat. No. 9,124,224

POWER GENERATING CIRCUIT AND SWITCHING CIRCUIT

SAMSUNG ELECTRO-MECHANICS...

1. A power generating circuit comprising:
a first transistor in which a second control signal is applied to a control terminal and a first control signal is applied
to one end, and which has the other end connected to an output terminal;

a second transistor in which the first control signal is applied to a control terminal and the second control signal is applied
to one end, and which has the other end connected to the output terminal;

a third transistor in which one of the first and the second control signals is applied to a control terminal and which has
one end grounded; and

a fourth transistor in which the other one of the first and the second control signals is applied to a control terminal and
which has one end connected to the other end of the third transistor and the other end connected to the output terminal.

US Pat. No. 9,418,794

MEMS VARIABLE CAPACITOR

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. A MEMS (micro-electromechanical system) variable capacitor, the capacitor characterized by: a first electrode;
a second electrode that is floated on the first electrode; and
a fixed third electrode configured to variably adjust a capacitance value of the MEMS variable capacitor, wherein when a voltage
is applied to the third electrode, a distance between the first electrode and the second electrode is increased in response
to the applied voltage;

wherein the second electrode is vertically disposed between the first electrode and the third electrode, and
wherein a radio frequency (RF) signal is transmitted from the third electrode to the second electrode.

US Pat. No. 9,419,654

ENCODING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR GENERATING MESSAGE MATRIX

SK HYNIX INC., Icheon (K...

1. A method for generating a message matrix and encoding the message matrix, the message matrix comprising a plurality of
message blocks, the method comprising:
determining a plurality of row lengths of respective rows of the message matrix such that a length difference between any
of the plurality of row lengths is equal to or less than a critical point, each of the row lengths corresponding to the number
of all units included in a corresponding one of the rows of the message matrix;

determining a plurality of message block lengths of the respective message blocks such that a length difference between any
of the plurality of message block lengths is equal to or less than the critical point, each of the message block lengths corresponding
to the number of all units included in a corresponding one of the plurality of message blocks;

arranging the message blocks in each row of the message matrix such that a length difference between any of a plurality of
column lengths of respective columns of the message matrix is equal to or less than the critical point, each of the column
lengths corresponding to the number of all units included in a corresponding one of the columns of the message matrix;

encoding each row of the message matrix to generate a plurality of row parity blocks; and
encoding each column of the message matrix to generate a plurality of column parity blocks,
wherein the plurality of message blocks are arranged along the rows and the columns of the message matrix.

US Pat. No. 9,344,000

POWER MODULE VARYING BIAS POWER AND DISTRIBUTED POWER SUPPLY APPARATUS

SAMSUNG ELECTRO-MECHANICS...

1. A power module comprising:
a power factor correction stage switching input power to correct a power factor thereof;
a DC/DC conversion stage switching power having a corrected power factor from the power factor correction stage to convert
the power into pre-set DC power in a powering mode in which normal power is output;

a standby stage converting the power having a corrected power factor from the power factor correction stage into pre-set standby
power in a cold standby mode in which the DC/DC conversion stage outputs power having a level lower than that of normal power;
and

a variable bias supply unit, provided with the converted pre-set standby power in a cold standby mode, varying a voltage level
of bias power for controlling DC/DC power conversion and supplying the same to the DC/DC conversion stage in the cold standby
mode and the powering mode,

wherein the DC/DC conversion stage comprises:
a DC/DC conversion unit switching power having a corrected power factor to convert it into DC power; and
a DC conversion controller controlling a switching operation of the DC/DC conversion unit upon receiving bias power having
a varied voltage level from the variable bias supply unit.

US Pat. No. 9,608,850

SPINTRONIC WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM FOR SIMULTANEOUSLY MODULATING MULTI-BAND FREQUENCY AND AMPLITUDE

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. A spintronic wireless communication system for simultaneously modulating multi-band frequency and amplitude, comprising:
a plurality of spin-torque transfer devices which have frequency characteristics different from each other, perform spin OOK
modulation or multi-level ASK modulation on input data, and output multi-band OOK modulation signals or multi-band multi-level
ASK modulation signals;

a plurality of matching networks which match individual impedances of the plurality of spin-torque transfer devices; and
an antenna which receives the multi-band OOK modulation signals or the multi-band multi-level ASK modulation signals from
one end of the plurality of matching networks, and transmits the signals to the outside.

US Pat. No. 9,291,693

MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING APPARATUS AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A magnetic resonance imaging apparatus comprising:
a main magnet which generates a static magnetic field in an imaging region;
gradient coils which form magnetic field gradients in the static magnetic field;
a radio frequency (RF) coil assembly which applies a first RF pulse and a second RF pulse to n (n?2) slice regions located
at different positions in the imaging region to excite atomic nuclei of the slice regions; and

a controller which controls the RF coil assembly to apply the first RF pulse and the second RF pulse having a first center
frequency f0 to a first slice region of the slice regions, to apply the first RF pulse having a second center frequency f0+fs to a second slice region of the slice regions, and to apply the second RF pulse having a third center frequency f0?fs to the second slice region, so that each of the second center frequency and the third center frequency applied to the second
slice region is shifted from the first center frequency by a quantity fs,

wherein the controller is configured to adjust the quantity fs to obtain a desired slice gap between the first and second slice regions.

US Pat. No. 9,048,669

CHARGE EQUALIZATION APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR SERIES-CONNECTED BATTERY STRING

SK Innovation Co., Ltd., ...

1. An intelligently controllable charge equalization apparatus for a battery string connected in series, comprising:
a battery module having a plurality of batteries connected in series;
a battery string having M battery modules connected in series, wherein M is a natural number of 2 or more;
a single voltage sensing module sensing voltage of each battery of the battery string;
a single charge equalizing module that is connected to the voltage sensing module in parallel and charges or discharges each
battery of the battery string;

a bidirectional switch block that is included in each battery module and forms a parallel current path in each battery of
the battery module;

a module switch forming a current path between the bidirectional switch block and at least one of the voltage sensing module
and the charge equalizing module; and

a microprocessor determining charge or discharge of the battery by receiving a voltage value measured in the voltage sensing
module and controlling the bidirectional switch block and the module switch,

wherein each battery of the battery string shares the voltage sensing module and the charge equalizing module by the bidirectional
switch block and the module switch; and

wherein the bidirectional switch block of the battery module that includes k batteries includes 2 k bidirectional Metal Oxide
Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor (MOSFET) switches, wherein k is a natural number of 2 or more, and on the basis of one
battery of the battery module, the bidirectional MOSFET switches are respectively connected to both ends of a cathode and
an anode of one battery to form the parallel current path.

US Pat. No. 9,312,004

DRIVER FOR SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY AND SYSTEM INCLUDING THE SAME

SK HYNIX INC., Icheon (K...

1. A driver for a semiconductor memory, comprising:
a momentarily dropping voltage generation circuit configured to generate a momentarily dropping voltage using first data for
adjusting a height of an overdrive current that flows into a cell of a memory cell array and second data for adjusting a width
of the overdrive current;

a digital/analog (D/A) conversion circuit configured to output a first spike current that includes the overdrive current using
the momentarily dropping voltage;

a cell voltage detection circuit configured to compare a cell voltage to a predetermined reference voltage, and to output
a comparison signal representing the comparison result, the cell voltage being generated based on a second spike current that
flows into a cell of a test cell array;

a calibration controller configured to calibrate the height and width of the overdrive current using the comparison signal
output from the cell voltage detection unit; and

a calibration table storage configured to store the first data for adjusting the height of the overdrive current and the second
data for adjusting the width of the overdrive current,

wherein the test cell array is arranged to correspond to the memory cell array.

US Pat. No. 9,136,376

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE HAVING JUNCTIONLESS VERTICAL GATE TRANSISTOR AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

SK HYNIX INC., Icheon (K...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:
a plurality of active pillars, each of the active pillars including a first impurity region disposed over a surface of a substrate,
a plurality of second impurity regions disposed over the first impurity region, and a plurality of third impurity regions
disposed over the plurality of second impurity regions, respectively, wherein the plurality of second impurity regions is
arranged at a constant interval over the first impurity region;

a gate electrode extending across each of the plurality of active pillars along a row of second impurity regions and disposed
over sidewalls of the second impurity regions in the row, wherein the sidewalls of the second impurity regions in the row
are each disposed between second impurity regions that are adjacent in a corresponding active pillar of the active pillars;
and

a bit line disposed between adjacent first impurity regions, disposed under the gate electrode, crossing the gate electrode,
and being in contact with one of the adjacent first impurity regions,

wherein the first, second, and third impurity regions comprise impurities of the same polarity.

US Pat. No. 9,356,301

FLAT TUBULAR SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL STACK

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. A flat tubular solid oxide fuel cell stack comprising:
a plurality of fuel cells including an anode support in which a plurality of fuel transfer holes transferring a fuel are formed,
a connecting layer formed at one side of the anode support, an electrolyte layer formed on an outer peripheral surface other
than the connecting layer of the anode support, and a cathode formed at an upper side of the electrolyte layer;

a connection member provided between the plurality of the fuel cells and formed of a plate, wherein the connection member
includes a plurality of first protruded cut-parts formed on the plate, each of the first protruded cut-parts is formed of
one portion remaining attached to the plate and the other portion protruding from the plate in one direction while leaving
a through-hole in the plate, the other portion having a same shape as that of the through-hole, and wherein one side of the
connection member contacts a cathode of the fuel cell and the other side thereof contacts the connecting layer of the fuel
cell to thereby be electrically connected to each other even when the fuel cell has an uneven surface to be contacted, and
allowing air to be movable;

a manifold fixing the fuel cell and supplying the fuel to the plurality of the fuel transfer holes; and
a spacing member surrounding a circumference of the connection member to maintain a spaced distance between the plurality
of the fuel cells so as to prevent the protruded cut-parts from being modified in shape, wherein the spacing member includes
a pair of plate parts each forming a frame shape and supporting the fuel cells, and a plurality of height-forming parts formed
at a predetermined portion between the plate parts to form a space in-between, and wherein air is movable to the cathode through
the space.

US Pat. No. 9,164,090

METHODS FOR DETECTING MOLECULAR INTERACTIONS

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. A method for detecting molecular interactions within living cells, comprising the steps of:
(i) providing into said living cells ferritin of same types or different types, having a bait bound thereto and other ferritin
of same types or different types, having a prey bound thereto to the same field or system,

wherein the ferritin is a protein having a plurality of the same or different binding moieties and can be assembled by the
self-assembly between them; wherein the ferritin having a bait bound thereto and the ferritin having a prey bound thereto
are the same or different types;

(ii) forming a nano-assembly matrix by the interaction between the bait and the prey; and
(iii) examining whether the nano-assembly matrix was formed, thus detecting the bait-prey interaction.
US Pat. No. 9,115,362

MUTANT MICROORGANISM HAVING HIGH PRODUCTION OF CADAVERINE, AND PREPARATION METHOD OF CADAVERINE USING SAME

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. A mutant microorganism having the ability to produce cadaverine wherein the speE gene encoding putrescine/cadaverine aminopropyl
transferase, the speG gene encoding spermidine N-acetyltransferase, the ygjG gene encoding putrescine/cadaverine aminotransferase,
the puuP gene encoding putrescine importer, and the puuA gene encoding glutamate-putrescine/glutamate-cadaverine ligase, which
are involved in the cadaverine degradation or utilization pathway, are inactivated or deleted, wherein the cadA gene encoding
lysine decarboxylase is further amplified or introduced into said mutant microorganism, and wherein the native promoter of
at least one gene selected from the group consisting of a dapA gene encoding dihydrodipicolinate synthase, a lysA gene encoding
diaminopimelate decarboxylase, and a dapB gene encoding dihydrodipicolinate reductase are replaced with a strong promoter.

US Pat. No. 9,472,675

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING N-DOPED GRAPHENE AND ELECTRICAL COMPONENT USING NH4F, AND GRAPHENE AND ELECTRICAL COMPONENT THEREBY

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. A method of manufacturing n-doped graphene, comprising:
(a) preparing graphene and ammonium fluoride (NH4F); and

(b) exposing the graphene to the ammonium fluoride (NH4F),

wherein through (b), a fluorine layer is formed on part or all of upper and lower surfaces of a graphene layer, and ammonium
ions are physisorbed to part or all of the upper and lower surfaces of the graphene layer or defects between carbon atoms
of the graphene layer;

wherein exposing the graphene to the ammonium fluoride (NH4F) in (b) is performed using any one or a combination of two or more selected from among process of immersing graphene in
an ammonium fluoride (NH4F) aqueous solution, a process of spraying an ammonium fluoride (NH4F) aqueous solution onto graphene, and a process of spin coating graphene with an ammonium fluoride (NH4F) aqueous solution.

US Pat. No. 9,443,569

DRIVER FOR A SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY AND METHOD THEREOF

SK Hynix Inc., Icheon (K...

1. A driver for semiconductor memory, comprising:
a storage unit configured to match and store a memory cell address and bucket charge current data corresponding to the memory
cell address;

a selection controller configured to receive the memory cell address and target charge current data, and output a bucket charge
current select signal and a target charge current select signal corresponding to the bucket charge current data and the target
charge current data, respectively, by referring to the storage unit;

a current supply unit configured to supply a bucket charge current and a target charge current in response to the bucket charge
current select signal and the target charge current select signal, respectively; and

a bucket charge current setting unit configured to set the bucket charge current data stored in the storage unit with respect
to each memory cell address.

US Pat. No. 9,232,775

GENETICALLY ENGINEERED MOUSE MODEL FOR AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER HAVING DELETION OF SHANK2 GENE AND USE THEREOF

Industry-Academic Coopera...

1. A genetically engineered mouse model for Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) whose genome comprises a deletion of a Shank2 gene
and reduced function of a N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor, wherein the deletion includes exons 6 and 7 from the Shank
2 gene, and the genetically engineered mouse model is homozygous for the deletion of the Shank2 gene and has any one or more
symptoms selected from the group consisting of reduced social interaction, impaired communication, a repetitive behavior,
and hyperactivity, which are clinical features of ASD.

US Pat. No. 9,443,149

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DETECTING SMOKE FROM IMAGE

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. A fire detecting apparatus comprising:
at least one processor to implement:
an object feature extracting unit configured to extract a feature of at least one object in an input image;
a converting unit configured to convert the extracted feature of the at least one object into an N dimensional feature, where
N is a natural number; and

a mechanical learning unit configured to perform machine learning on the N dimensional feature of the at least one object,
based on coordinate values of the N dimensional feature, to detect a fire and or a smoke,

wherein the object feature extracting unit is further configured to obtain a differential image of the input image, calculate
a weight and a differential direction for each pixel of the differential image, generate a normalization image by normalizing
a histogram of the differential direction with respect to the weight, and extract the feature of the at least one object from
the normalized histogram.

US Pat. No. 9,346,918

DISULFIDE-LINKED COVALENT ORGANIC POLYMERS AND METHOD OF PREPARING THE SAME

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. A disulfide-linked organic polymer represented by following Formulas 1 or 2:

wherein n is an integer ranging from 10 to 20,000.

US Pat. No. 9,369,086

HIGH POWER SPIN TORQUE OSCILLATOR INTEGRATED ON A TRANSISTOR

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. A method of manufacturing a high power spin torque oscillator comprising:
forming a MOSFET structure by forming a source, a drain and a gate on a silicon substrate; and
forming a spin torque oscillator by stacking a free magnetic layer, a nonmagnetic layer and a fixed magnetic layer between
an insulator of the gate and a gate electrode,

wherein the spin torque oscillator having an oscillation function is integrated on a transistor having an amplification function.

US Pat. No. 9,468,422

SENSOR COORDINATE CALIBRATION IN AN ULTRASOUND SYSTEM

SAMSUNG MEDISON CO., LTD....

1. A medical imaging apparatus comprising:
an ultrasound apparatus including an ultrasound probe to transmit and receive an ultrasound signal to obtain an ultrasound
image of an object;

a sensor coupled to the ultrasound probe to provide a position information related to an ultrasound imaging position in the
object; and

a processor to extract a certain anatomical feature from the ultrasound image and the certain anatomical feature from a medical
image of the object acquired by an imaging modality different from the ultrasound apparatus, perform a first registration
between the medical image and the ultrasound image based on the certain anatomical feature, obtain a first registration information
which provides a relationship between a coordinate system of the medical image and a coordinate system of the ultrasound image
based on the first registration, perform a second registration between the sensor and the medical image based on the position
information and the first registration information, obtain a second registration information based on the second registration,
and control a display to display a portion of the medical image corresponding to the ultrasound imaging position based on
the second registration information.

US Pat. No. 9,166,626

ENCODING, DECODING, AND MULTI-STAGE DECODING CIRCUITS FOR CONCATENATED BCH, AND ERROR CORRECTION CIRCUIT OF FLASH MEMORY DEVICE USING THE SAME

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. A concatenated Bose-Chadhuri-Hocquenghem (BCH) encoding circuit, comprising:
a first stage encoding unit that receives a part or all of data input to a flash memory core, performs BCH encoding, and outputs
a first output BCH code or a parity bit thereof;

an interleaving unit that (i) receives a part or all of data input to the flash memory core, interleaves the data, and outputs
the data, or (ii) that interleaves and outputs the first output BCH code or data protected thereby; and

a second stage encoding unit that performs BCH encoding of the BCH code or data that is the output of the interleaving unit,
and outputs a second output BCH code or a parity bit thereof.

US Pat. No. 9,140,122

EXCAVATION SYSTEM USING A WATER JET, AND EXCAVATION METHOD USING THE SAME

KAIST (KOREA ADVANCED INS...

1. An excavation system comprising:
a moving unit movable over an area that is to be blasted;
an articulated robot arm disposed on the moving unit;
a water jet nozzle mounted on a leading end of the robot arm;
a supply unit which supplies high pressure water to the water jet nozzle; and
a control unit which controls the moving unit, the robot arm and the water jet nozzle,
wherein the control unit controls the articulated robot arm so that the water jet nozzle follows a predetermined color line
which is painted on a surface to be excavated.

US Pat. No. 9,196,063

SUPER-RESOLUTION APPARATUS AND METHOD

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. An apparatus for reconfiguring a positron emission tomography (PET) image using a cone-beam based line-of-response (LOR)
reconfiguration, the apparatus comprising:
a blur model maker configured to model a blur by generating a point spread function (PSF) kernel corresponding to each location
of a PET system;

an LOR acquirer configured to acquire an LOR and a sinogram corresponding to each location by wobbling the PET system or detecting
a motion due to respiration of subject;

a cone-beam sinogram converter configured to convert, to a sinogram format in a cone-beam shape, an LOR-based sinogram acquired
by the LOR acquirer;

a sinogram model maker configured to model the sinogram format-converted to the cone-beam shape by the cone-beam sinogram
converter; and

a high-resolution image inducer configured to induce a high-resolution image using the sinogram modeled by the sinogram model
maker.

US Pat. No. 9,427,923

FOOD PACKING MATERIAL HAVING HYDROPHOBICITY, MANUFACTURING METHOD AND MOLD THEREOF

CJ CHEILJEDANG CORPORATIO...

1. The manufacturing method of food packing material having hydrophobicity, comprising:
(a) preparing a mold in which a number of grooves are formed, and
(b) forming a number of the columns corresponding to the groove in one side of the food packing material by pressurizing the
mold to the food packing material,

wherein (a) the preparing of the mold includes:
(a-1) preparing a first metal layer;
(a-2) laminating a photoresist film at a top of the first metal layer;
(a-3) patterning the photoresist film and forming a number of the photoresist patterns to be spaced at a predetermined interval
each other; and

(a-4) forming the mold by laminating a second metal layer at the first metal layer.

US Pat. No. 9,301,263

METHOD FOR DETERMINING TRANSMISSION POWER IN MIMO SYSTEM BASED ON COOPERATIVE TRANSMISSION

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An apparatus for determining transmission power of each of transmitters in a multi-input multi-output (MIMO) system in
which the transmitters transmit data to receivers, the apparatus comprising:
at least one of processors configured to
set a power constraint condition of a transmitter, and target quality information of a receiver, the target quality information
comprising a quality for a signal transmitted to the receiver, and

determine a transmission power to be allocated to the transmitter to transmit the data to the receiver based on the power
constraint condition and the target quality information.

US Pat. No. 9,226,671

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR MEASURING BLOOD FLOW

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. An apparatus for measuring blood flow, comprising:
a detection part including,
a lower plate,
an adiabatic layer on the lower plate,
an upper plate on the adiabatic layer, at least a lower portion of the upper plate being surrounded by the adiabatic layer,
a blood flow detector for measuring a blood flow of a measured portion of an object, the blood flow detector being on the
upper plate and making contact with the measured portion,

a thin film adjacent to the upper plate, the thin film having a stress due to an external force,
a supporting member directly on the lower plate, the supporting member supporting the thin film, and the supporting member
having a first surface in close proximity to the thin film and a second surface opposite to the first surface, the second
surface being farther away than the thin film with respect to the measured portion of the object, and

a force detector for detecting a contact force between the blood flow detector and the measured portion, the force detector
on the thin film,

wherein the blood flow detector is only on the upper plate, the upper plate is thicker than the thin film, and the force detector
is only on the thin film; and

a signal processing part for
calculating a change in the blood flow due to the contact force, and
producing a corrected blood flow in reflection of the calculated change in the blood flow.

US Pat. No. 9,445,423

COMMUNICATION METHOD OF A BASE STATION AND A TERMINAL

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A communication method of a base station, the method comprising:
transmitting a feedback control message comprising information about a target received power of feedback information of each
of a plurality of terminals which is received at the base station, the target received power having a minimum value set for
the base station;

receiving a channel quality indicator of each of the plurality of terminals transmitted with respect to the target received
power and information associated with a feedback mode of the feedback information included in the feedback control message;
and

performing scheduling with respect to the plurality of terminals based on the channel quality indicator of each of the plurality
of terminals,

wherein the feedback mode indicates whether a compressed sensing resource block defined in advance for a compressed sensing
is allocated to the plurality of terminals or whether another resource is allocated to each of the plurality of terminals
by the base station, and

wherein the feedback mode includes at least one of a third mode in which the base station allocates a compressed sensing resource
block defined in advance to a terminal capable of satisfying the target received power, and allocates an orthogonal resource
to a terminal incapable of satisfying the target received power, and a fourth mode in which each of the plurality of terminals
separately determines a resource to be used based on whether each of the plurality of terminals is capable of satisfying the
target received power.

US Pat. No. 9,325,962

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CREATING DYNAMIC FLOATING WINDOW FOR STEREOSCOPIC CONTENTS

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. A system for creating a dynamic floating window for generating a three-dimensional (3D) stereoscopic image, the system
comprising:
a sequence input unit to receive an input of left and right image sequences;
a feature point extraction unit to extract feature points having a negative disparity value corresponding commonly in the
left and right image sequences;

a clustering unit to perform clustering and ordering on the extracted feature points, to calculate a transformation amount
for the clustering, and to apply temporal consistency;

a constraint unit to receive a user command and apply a user constraint; and
a dynamic floating window unit to calculate a final transformation amount to which the user constraint is applied, and to
create and output left and right dynamic floating windows based on the final transformation amount;

wherein the feature point extraction unit calculates a disparity value D for each image by the following Equation, by matching
x coordinates of the corresponding feature points of the left image and the right image using a Speeded Up Robust Feature
(SURF) algorithm:

D=FR?FL
wherein D denotes the disparity value for each image, FR denotes the x coordinate of the corresponding feature point of the right image, and FL denotes the x coordinate of the corresponding feature point of the left image,

wherein the clustering unit uses a K-mean clustering technique to classify the feature points into left and right clusters
by a two-dimensional algorithm.

US Pat. No. 9,270,753

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR MANAGING CONTENT FOR CLOUD COMPUTING

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A gateway connecting at least one user device to a plurality of cloud servers that provide different cloud services, the
gateway comprising:
a memory unit including an information table configured to store predefined Service Level Agreement (SLA) information having
service usage fees for each cloud server; and

a controller configured to select a cloud server from the plurality of cloud servers according to an ascending order of the
service usage fees and to store content provided from the user device on the selected cloud server.

US Pat. No. 9,237,376

WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM FOR GIGA BIT DATA RATE AND LOW POWER CONSUMPTION

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. A wireless communication system for giga bit data rate and low power consumption comprises:
a mobile communication terminal that transmits massive data to a display apparatus using millimeter wave or terahertz wave
technology, the mobile communication terminal including

a player playing the massive data,
a serializer converting the massive data into a serial signal, and
a massive data transmission module transmitting wirelessly an output of the serializer to the display apparatus using the
millimeter wave or the terahertz wave technology;

the display apparatus displaying the massive data received from the mobile communication terminal; and
a low speed wireless controller that controls transmission of the massive data from the mobile communication terminal to the
display apparatus.

US Pat. No. 9,160,275

ENVELOPE DETECTION APPARATUS DYNAMICALLY CONTROLLED IN RESPONSE TO INPUT SIGNAL AND ENVELOPE DETECTION METHOD THEREOF

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An envelope detection apparatus comprising:
an envelope detector configured to output an envelope of an input signal;
a detection band determination unit configured to determine a detection frequency band based on the input signal; and
a detection band controller configured to adaptively adjust an effective current of a current source or an effective capacitance
of a capacitor to selectively control a detection frequency band of the envelope detector based on the determined detection
frequency band of the input signal.

US Pat. No. 9,111,356

IMAGE SEGMENTATION METHOD USING HIGHER-ORDER CLUSTERING, SYSTEM FOR PROCESSING THE SAME AND RECORDING MEDIUM FOR STORING THE SAME

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. An image segmentation method using higher-order correlation clustering, comprising:
a) segmenting an input image into superpixels;
b) constructing a hypergraph by connecting two or more adjacent superpixels, among the superpixels obtained in a); and
c) creating a joint feature map by extracting feature vectors from respective edges of the hypergraph, and partitioning the
hypergraph based on higher-order correlation clustering in consideration of specific constraints, wherein whether the two
or more superpixels belong to the identical region is determined using a sign and magnitude of results of a discriminant function.

US Pat. No. 9,375,751

METHOD FOR PREPARING INORGANIC-NANOSTRUCTURE COMPOSITE MATERIAL, METHOD FOR PREPARING CARBON NANOTUBE COMPOSITE USING SAME, AND CARBON NANOTUBE COMPOSITE PREPARED THEREBY

KAIST (Korea Advanced Ins...

1. A method for manufacturing a nanostructure composite, the method comprising:
a step of doping pentavalent elements to a nanostructure and then forming doping points; and
a step of growing a metal oxide from the doping points of the nanostructure by dipping the nanostructure having the doping
points into a precursor solution of the metal oxide to be grown,

wherein the step of the growth of the metal oxide is carried out at a room temperature.

US Pat. No. 9,363,730

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SEAMLESS HANDOVER OPERATION IN A WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An operation method of an intermediate distributed base station (I-DBS) in a wireless communication network, the method
comprising:
selectively belonging to at least two adjacent virtual cells (VCs), and
servicing a user equipment (UE),
wherein the each of the at least two adjacent VCs is generated by a plurality of distributed base station (DBSs),
wherein the plurality of DBSs are located in a cell of a macro base station, and
wherein the I-DBS is located in a region where the at least two adjacent VCs are superimposed.

US Pat. No. 9,268,987

METHOD OF RECOGNIZING QR CODE IN IMAGE DATA AND APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONVERTING QR CODE IN CONTENT DATA INTO TOUCHABLE OBJECT

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. A method of recognizing a quick response (QR) code in a content data, comprising:
displaying, using a computer device, a visual content of a content data on a display device;
receiving, using the computer device, a signal for selecting a region in which the QR code is shown; and
recognizing, using the computer device, the QR code based on an image data of a QR code in the content data, wherein the image
data is identified by analyzing a computer code of the content data with the signal for the region.

US Pat. No. 9,445,387

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR BUILDING WI-FI RADIO MAP

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. A Wi-Fi radio map building apparatus comprising:
a user address database that stores address data for a plurality of users who carry mobile terminals; and
a control processor that receives Wi-Fi fingerprints collected and transmitted by the mobile terminals that said plurality
of users carry; refers to said user address database for each received Wi-Fi fingerprint; selects one among addresses of the
user who carries the mobile terminal that collected the Wi-Fi fingerprint; converts the selected user address to coordinates;
and the generates Wi-Fi radio map data;

wherein said control processor comprises:
a Wi-Fi fingerprint receiving part that decides whether time data for collection time is combined for each of the Wi-Fi fingerprints
that the mobile terminals carried by said plurality of users collected and transmitted; and when no time data is combined,
combines time data of the time that the corresponding Wi-Fi fingerprint was received;

a Wi-Fi fingerprint classifying part that is notified of received contents from said Wi-Fi fingerprint receiving part; refers
to said combined time data; and classifies type of the location at which the corresponding Wi-Fi fingerprint was collected;

an address combining part that is notified of the location type classification contents from said Wi-Fi fingerprint classifying
part; retrieves data for user who carried the mobile terminal that transmitted the Wi-Fi fingerprint and the user's address
through referring to said user address database; among the user's addresses retrieved, selects an address that corresponds
to said classified location type; and combines it with said Wi-Fi fingerprint; and

an address-coordinates converting part that converts the address selected by said address combining part into coordinates;
and generates Wi-Fi radio map data combined with the converted coordinates.

US Pat. No. 9,341,709

IMAGE SENSING DEVICE AND FOCAL PLANE ARRAY DEVICE USING FREQUENCY CONVERSION FOR REAL-TIME TERAHERTZ IMAGING

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. An image sensing device using frequency conversion for real-time terahertz imaging, the image sensing device comprising:
a detector configured to detect a terahertz wave signal received by a receiving antenna;
a voltage-controlled oscillator configured to output an oscillation frequency according to an output voltage of the detector;
and

a frequency digital converter configured to convert the oscillation frequency output from the voltage-controlled oscillator
to a digital signal.

US Pat. No. 9,322,004

METHOD OF PRODUCING FATTY ACID ALKYL ESTER USING MICROORGANISMS HAVING ABILITY TO PRODUCE OIL

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. A method of producing a fatty acid alkyl ester, the method comprising:
providing Rhodococcus opacus transformed with a first gene encoding a triacyl glycerol lipase and a second gene encoding a monoacyl glycerol lipase;

culturing Rhodococcus opacus in a culture medium to produce oil and free fatty acids in the culture medium; and

causing an alcohol to contact the free fatty acids for producing fatty acid alkyl esters,
wherein the first gene comprises SEQ ID NO: 19, and the second gene comprises M. smegmatis MAG lipase gene produced by PCR amplification of M. smegmatis genomic DNA with the primers of SEQ ID NO: 13 and SEQ ID NO: 14.

US Pat. No. 9,135,521

IMAGE PROCESSING APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE INTEGRAL IMAGE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An image processing apparatus, comprising:
a control unit to divide input image array data into a plurality of sub-blocks;
a first arithmetic logic unit (ALU) to generate an integral image of at least one of the plurality of sub-blocks;
a first memory and a second memory, wherein the control unit determines each of the plurality of sub-blocks to be included
in any one of a first sub-block group and a second sub-block group, stores the integral image of each sub-block included in
the first sub-block group on the first memory, and stores the integral image of each sub-block included in the second sub-block
group on the second memory; and

a first buffer memory to store an integral value of a bottom row of the integral image of each sub-block included in the first
sub-block group, and an integral value of a bottom row of the integral image of each sub-block included in the second sub-block
group.

US Pat. No. 9,407,202

SPIN-TRANSFER TORQUE TYPE INJECTION LOCKING OSCILLATOR AND DESIGN METHOD THEREOF

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. A spin-transfer torque type injection locking oscillator, comprising:
a low noise spin-transfer torque device operating as an injection oscillator by current control;
a high output power spin-transfer torque device operating as a free running oscillator by current control; and
a coupler coupling an output terminal of the low noise spin-transfer torque device and an input terminal of the high output
power spin-transfer torque device,

wherein the high output power spin-transfer torque device outputs signals by receiving output signals of the low noise spin-transfer
torque device.

US Pat. No. 9,366,741

MEDICAL IMAGE IMAGING METHOD, MEDICAL DIAGNOSTIC APPARATUS USING THE SAME, AND RECORDING MEDIUM THEREFOR

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An imaging method for obtaining a medical image by a medical imaging apparatus, the imaging method comprising:
obtaining image frames based on k-space data which is acquired from an imaging region of an object and includes complex data
values;

generating a composite image by using the image frames;
compensating the composite image by using one image frame, of the image frames, and boundary values corresponding to image
signals included in the composite image; and

obtaining the medical image by using the compensated composite image,
wherein the boundary values include a maximum value and a minimum value of the image signals included in the composite image,
and

the compensating the composite image includes adjusting values of the image signals of the composite image based on the maximum
value and the minimum value of the image signals such that the values of the image signals of the composite image contain
only positive values.

US Pat. No. 9,420,954

FIBER SCANNING OPTICAL PROBE AND MEDICAL IMAGING APPARATUS INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A fiber scanning optical probe comprising:
an optical fiber comprising an elongated body which comprises a first end and a second end and extends in a free space between
the first end and the second end;

an actuator that drives the optical fiber in two directions and is disposed at the second end; and
an asymmetric structure that is disposed at the first end opposite the actuator and comprises:
a first surface and a second surface disposed opposing one another, and
a body through which the optical fiber extends and which comprises a side surface which is disposed between the first surface
and the second surface substantially parallel to the optical fiber,

wherein the asymmetric structure is shaped such that the optical fiber with the asymmetric structure has different bending
inertial moment in the two directions.

US Pat. No. 9,348,456

DETERMINATION OF BEZEL AREA ON TOUCH SCREEN

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. An end device, comprising:
a touch screen;
a touch screen manager configured to:
determine a first area and a second area on the touch screen, and
determine at least one of a display property or a touch sensing property of the first area to be different from that of the
second area; and

a processor configured to:
display an image on the first area and the second area,
wherein the touch screen manager is further configured to determine a size and/or a position of the first area, based at least
in part on context information of the end device, and

the context information includes a status of a battery coupled to the end device.

US Pat. No. 9,461,360

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR ADJUSTING BEAM PATTERN IN COMMUNICATION SYSTEM SUPPORTING BEAM DIVISION MULTIPLE ACCESS SCHEME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method for adjusting a beam pattern in a beam pattern adjusting apparatus in a communication system supporting a beam
division multiple access (BDMA) scheme, the method comprising:
determining whether a voltage standing wave ratio (VSWR) value for each of antennas included in an antenna array included
in the beam pattern adjusting apparatus is greater than or equal to a threshold VSWR value;

upon detecting that at least one of the antennas has a VSWR value that is greater than or equal to the threshold VSWR, detecting
whether each of the antennas is operable; and

upon detecting that at least one of the antennas is operable, adjusting a beam pattern of the at least one antenna that is
operable.

US Pat. No. 9,231,216

CARBORANE COMPOUND, ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE INCLUDING THE SAME AND FLAT DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. An organic light-emitting diode comprising:
a first electrode;
a second electrode facing the first electrode; and
an emission layer interposed between the first electrode and the second electrode;
wherein
the emission layer comprises a host and a dopant comprised of a compound represented by Formula 1 below:
(R1)a—CB-[Ar]n—CB—(R2)b  

wherein CB refers to carborane,
each of R1 and R2 is independently one selected from the group consisting of a hydrogen atom, a deuterium atom, a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group,
a cyano group, a nitro group, a nitrile group, a carboxyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C30 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C30 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C30 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C30 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C5-C30 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C30 heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C5-C30 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 acyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 amide group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C30 ester group, a substituted or unsubstituted C5-C30 arylthio group, and a group represented by N(Q1)(Q2), and each of Q1 and Q2 is independently one selected from the group consisting of a hydrogen atom, a deuterium atom, a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group,
a cyano group, an amino group, a nitro group, a carboxyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted methyl group, a substituted
or unsubstituted ethyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted propyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted butyl group, a substituted
or unsubstituted pentyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted phenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted pyridinyl group,
a substituted or unsubstituted naphthyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted anthryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted
fluorenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted carbazolyl group, and a substituted or unsubstituted pyrimidinyl group,

each of a and b is independently an integer of 1 to 10, a R1 groups are the same as or different from each other and b R2 groups are the same as or different from each other,

Ar is a substituted or unsubstituted phenylene group,
n is an integer of 1 to 10, and, when n is more than 1, the Ar groups are the same as or different from each other.

US Pat. No. 9,461,717

METHOD FOR COOPERATIVE MULTI-ANTENNA COMMUNICATION

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method of cooperative multi-antenna communication of a data collecting node, the method comprising:
receiving data from at least one node of a node group that receives data from a base station;
performing multiple input multiple output (MIMO) signal processing on the received data, the MIMO signal processing indicating
signal processing performed in a receiving end of a MIMO system, and the MIMO signal processing being performed to remove
interference from a signal destined for at least one target node other than the data collecting node; and

transmitting the MIMO signal processed data with interference removed to the at least one target node.

US Pat. No. 9,154,226

OPTICAL SIGNAL QUALITY MONITORING METHOD AND APPARATUS USING A SOFTWARE-BASED SYNCHRONIZED AMPLITUDE HISTOGRAM

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. An optical signal quality monitoring apparatus, comprising:
an optical detector for directly receiving an optical signal modulated in an optical path and converting the optical signal
to an electric signal;

an asynchronous sampling unit for asynchronously sampling the electric signal of the optical detector at a speed lower than
a symbol speed of the optical signal; and

a digital signal processor for monitoring an optical signal quality by finding a synchronized amplitude histogram of data
sampled in the asynchronous sampling unit,

wherein the asynchronous sampling unit comprises:
a sample-and-hold amplifier for sampling the electric signal outputted from the optical detector; and
an analog-to-digital converter for converting an analog signal sampled in the sample-and-hold amplifier to a digital signal,
and

wherein the digital signal processor comprises:
a clock signal extracting unit for extracting a clock signal using a software-based synchronization method;
a retiming-and-arranging unit for retiming and arranging sampled data using a clock frequency estimated by the clock signal
extracting unit such that the sampled data are inserted into a single symbol period;

an amplitude histogram acquiring unit for acquiring a synchronized amplitude histogram using the sampled data positioned at
a central region of a symbol while excluding a sample acquired in a region where symbol conversion occur; and

a quality calculating unit for calculating a parameter indicating an optical signal quality by analyzing a distribution of
the synchronized amplitude histogram acquired in the amplitude histogram acquiring unit.

US Pat. No. 9,445,074

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR DEPTH MANIPULATION OF STEREOSCOPIC 3D IMAGE

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. A stereoscopic image depth manipulating apparatus comprising:
a histogram analyzing unit acquiring a depth distribution chart by performing histogram analysis of a disparity map corresponding
to an input image;

a Gaussian mixture model (GMM) fitting unit acquiring multiple depth layers by performing GMM fitting of the depth distribution
chart;

a disparity adjusting unit adjusting at least one of a position and a volume of at least one of the multiple depth layers
and calculating a disparity mapping function on which a result of the adjustment is reflected in response to a user request;
and

a disparity map recalculating unit calculating a new disparity map by optimizing the disparity mapping function, which is
calculated by the disparity adjusting unit, wherein the disparity adjusting unit calculates a disparity mapping function di? defined by the following equation in a case where a user selects one of the multiple depth layers and adjusts the volume
of the selected depth layer,

and here, di? represents a volume-adjusted disparity mapping function, di represents a disparity mapping function before adjustment, l represents the number of depth layers, ?j represents an average of the j-th Gaussian distribution chart, vj represents a volume value of the j-th depth layer adjusted by the user, G represents a Gaussian function configuring the GMM,
and n represents a Gaussian mixture weighting factor.

US Pat. No. 9,407,007

ANTENNA STRUCTURE IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND OPERATION METHOD THEREOF

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An antenna device in a wireless communication system, the antenna device comprising:
antenna wires of four sides including three feeding points and having a loop structure, each feeding point configured to supply
current to the antenna device; and

four main switches located among the antenna wires of the four sides,
wherein the antenna device operates as a loop antenna when the antenna wires of the four sides are connected according to
operations of the main switches, and

wherein the antenna device operates as dipole antennas when the antenna wires of the four sides are disconnected according
to operations of the main switches.

US Pat. No. 9,258,078

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING JAMMING SIGNAL

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. A node device, comprising:
a jamming signal generation unit configured to generate a jamming signal for a target signal which is transmitted from a base
station to an intended receiving device supposed to receive the signal and an unintended receiving device not supposed to
receive the signal;

a beamforming vector determination unit configured to determine a beamforming vector of the jamming signal based on an amplitude
of a received power of the jamming signal at the intended receiving device;

a transmission unit configured to transmit the jamming signal based on the determined beamforming vector;
a database storing therein first channel information upon a first channel between the node device and the intended receiving
device, second channel information upon a second channel between the node device and the unintended receiving device, third
channel information upon a third channel between the base station and the intended receiving device, and fourth channel information
upon a fourth channel between the base station and the unintended receiving device; and

a recipient selection unit configured to select a first unintended receiving device among a plurality of unintended receiving
devices based on at least one of the third channel information and the fourth channel information,

wherein the beamforming vector determination unit determines a beamforming vector of the jamming signal based on a first received
power of the jamming signal at the intended receiving device and a second received power of the jamming signal at the first
unintended receiving device.

US Pat. No. 9,136,830

DATA SIGNAL RECEIVER, TRANSCEIVER SYSTEM AND METHOD OF RECEIVING DATA SIGNAL

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. A data signal receiver comprising:
a clock signal filter configured to generate a first filtered clock signal and a second filtered clock signal by filtering
a clock signal;

a falling pulse signal generator configured to generate a falling pulse signal based on the first filtered clock signal;
a mixing block configured to generate a mixed data signal by mixing a data signal and the falling pulse signal; and
a sampler configured to generate a recovered data signal by sampling the mixed data signal in response to the second filtered
clock signal.

US Pat. No. 9,068,315

OIL FENCE AND METHOD FOR STORING SAME

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. An oil fence preventing oil spilt on the sea from diffusing, comprising:
tube-shaped vertical support parts including an air chamber having air injected thereinto to have buoyancy, a water chamber
disposed under the air chamber and absorbed with water, and a ballast disposed under the water chamber and providing a load;
and

a membrane type of curtain part connected between the vertical support parts disposed in parallel with each other, being spaced
apart from each other at a predetermined distance in a width direction of the oil fence and blocking and collecting oil,

a damper pocket disposed at least one of edges of upper and lower portions of the curtain part, one end portion of the damper
pocket being connected to the edge of the upper portion or the lower portion of the curtain and the other end portion of the
damper pocket being opened towards the lower portion or the upper portion of the curtain to thereby reduce an upper or lower
movement of the curtain part.

US Pat. No. 9,459,309

TEST DEVICE, SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND TESTING METHOD THEREOF

SK HYNIX INC., Icheon (K...

1. A test device for testing a semiconductor device including a through silicon via (TSV), the test device comprising:
a ring oscillator including a plurality of inverters;
a counter counting a clock signal output from the ring oscillator;
a switch selectively connecting an output node of an inverter of the plurality of inverters with the TSV; and
a controller controlling the switch to disconnect the node and the TSV for a first time period and to connect the node and
the TSV for a second time period,

wherein the controller tests the TSV by comparing a first counter value of the counter for the first time period to a second
counter value of the counter for the second time period, and the controller determines that the TSV has passed a test when
a difference between the first counter value and the second counter value is greater than a threshold value.

US Pat. No. 9,443,351

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR RECONSTRUCTING SKELETAL IMAGE

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. A method of reconstructing a skeletal image, the method comprising:
determining a region of interest (ROI) to be processed at a high resolution with respect to a skeletal image captured from
an inspection target; and

reconstructing a high-resolution skeletal image by performing a finite element method (FEM) and topology optimization on the
ROI, wherein the reconstruction of the skeletal image comprises:

performing meshing on the skeletal image comprising the ROI;
converting a bone mineral density (BMD) or BMD-related value of bone corresponding to the meshed ROI to an elastic modulus;
applying the elastic modulus to each finite element constituting the ROI;
applying a predetermined load condition to a finite element model to which the elastic modulus is applied;
calculating a strain energy of each finite element based on the displacement of a finite element model to which the load condition
is applied; and

determining a density value of each finite element based on the strain energy of each finite element.

US Pat. No. 9,405,349

MULTI-CORE APPARATUS AND JOB SCHEDULING METHOD THEREOF

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A multi-core apparatus, comprising:
cores; and
a job scheduler configured to
determine an optimal number of cores in an active state by throttling one or more of the cores during an operation of an application
based on state information received from each of the cores, and

adjust power to maintain the optimal number of cores.

US Pat. No. 9,348,431

DISPLAY DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING AUTO-ROTATION OF CONTENT AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING AUTO-ROTATION OF CONTENT DISPLAYED ON DISPLAY DEVICE

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. A display device for controlling rotation of content displayed on the display device, comprising:
a display panel configured to display the content;
a sensor configured to measure a pitch ? and a roll ? of the display device, wherein the pitch ? is a degree to which the
display device is tilted with respect to a horizontal plane by an up-down rotation, and the roll ? is a degree to which the
display device is tilted with respect to the horizontal plane by a left-right rotation; and

a control processor configured to change a rotation speed of the content rotating on the display panel to change a display
orientation between a portrait mode of the display device and a landscape mode of the display device, according to at least
one of the measured pitch ? and the measured roll ?.

US Pat. No. 9,501,819

SUPER-RESOLUTION APPARATUS AND METHOD

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. An apparatus for reconfiguring an image using a cone-beam based line-of-response (LOR) reconfiguration, the apparatus comprising:
a blur model maker configured to model a blur by generating a point spread function (PSF) kernel corresponding to each location
of an image system;

an LOR acquirer configured to acquire an LOR and a sinogram corresponding to each location by wobbling the image system and
configuring a warping matrix representing a motion due to respiration of a subject;

a cone-beam sinogram converter configured to convert, to a sinogram format in a cone-beam shape, an LOR-based sinogram acquired
by the LOR acquirer;

a sinogram model maker configured to model the sinogram format-converted to the cone-beam shape by the cone-beam sinogram
converter; and

a high-resolution image inducer configured to induce a high-resolution image with the sinogram modeled by the sinogram model
maker;

wherein the high-resolution image inducer performs a GPU parallel processing operation with an iterative reconfiguration algorithm.

US Pat. No. 9,428,829

METHOD FOR GROWING HIGH-QUALITY GRAPHENE LAYER

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. A method of forming a graphene layer, comprising, in the following order:
(a) forming a board layer;
(b) forming a stress reduction layer on the board layer;
(c) forming a metal catalyst layer on the stress reduction layer, the metal catalyst layer functioning as a catalyst for forming
the graphene layer; and

(d) growing the graphene layer on the metal catalyst layer,
wherein the stress reduction layer reduces stress of the metal catalyst layer.

US Pat. No. 9,414,328

INTER-CELL INTERFERENCE COORDINATION METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR USE IN MOBILE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A data transmission and/or reception method of a base station in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:
receiving information on interference measured by a terminal;
allocating a downlink resource to a terminal based on the received interference information;
selecting a type of transmission power distribution of the downlink resource allocation among a plurality of types of transmission
power allocation distributions based on at least one of the received interference information and the downlink resource allocation;
and

transmitting information related to the selected type of the transmission power distribution of the downlink resource allocation
to neighbor base stations,

wherein each of the type of transmission power allocation distributions corresponds to at least two subbands.

US Pat. No. 9,148,093

LOW-COST DIGITAL PREDISTORTION APPARATUS AND METHOD USING ENVELOPE DETECTION FEEDBACK

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. A low-cost digital predistortion apparatus using envelope detection feedback, comprising:
a digital predistortion unit including
a predistorter predistorting multiple access modulated input signals, wherein the predistorter bypasses an initial one of
the multiple access modulated input signals,

a digital-to-analog converter coupled to the predistorter and converting outputs of the predistorter into analog signals,
a modulator coupled to the digital-to-analog converter and frequency-modulating the analog signals from the digital-to-analog
converter into pass band signals, and

a power amplifier coupled to the modulator and amplifying the pass band signals from the modulator; and
an envelope detection feedback unit including
an envelope detector receiving feedback signals from the digital predistortion unit and converting the feedback signals to
baseband signals, the envelope detector including a first detector and a second detector,

an analog-to-digital converter coupled to the envelope detector and converting the baseband signals from the envelope detector
to digital signals, and

a predistortion estimator coupled to the analog-to-digital converter, receiving the digital signals from the analog-to-digital
converter, estimating a nonlinear distortion characteristic of the output signal of the power amplifier, and calculating a
predistortion parameter for compensating the nonlinear distortion characteristic,

wherein the first detector of the envelope detector receives a first feedback signal from the digital predistortion unit,
the first feedback signal being a difference between an input signal (y) of the power amplifier and an output signal (a) of
the power amplifier, and

wherein the second detector of the envelope detector receives a second feedback signal from the digital predistortion unit,
the second feedback signal being a difference between a complex conjugate of the input signal (y*) of the power amplifier
and the output signal (a) of the power amplifier.

US Pat. No. 9,048,915

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SPLITTING RECEIVED SIGNAL

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A signal split apparatus comprising:
a first antenna configured to receive a first input signal;
a second antenna configured to receive a second input signal;
a first phase shifter configured to shift a phase by applying a first modulation frequency to the first input signal;
a second phase shifter configured to shift a phase by applying a second modulation frequency to the second input signal;
a summer configured to sum the phase-shifted first and second input signals to form a summed signal; and
an analog-digital converter configured to convert the summed signal to a digital signal,
wherein the first and second modulation frequencies are different from each other.

US Pat. No. 9,552,922

FERRITE CORE STRUCTURE FOR A POWER SUPPLY DEVICE OF AN ELECTRIC VEHICLE AND POWER SUPPLY ROAD STRUCTURE USING SAME

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. A ferrite core structure for a power supply device of an electric vehicle which includes multiple horizontal core parts
arranged spaced apart from each other to prevent a magnetic flux from leaking into the ground, multiple first vertical core
parts extending from both ends of said horizontal core parts upward to prevent a magnetic flux from leaking into an outer
surface, a second vertical core part having at least two rows extending upward from an intermediate portion of each of said
horizontal core parts and being arranged in a direction parallel to said first vertical core parts, and a first support part
connecting said multiple first vertical core parts to each other to support said first vertical core parts, provided that
said second vertical core parts disperse flexural loading upon both sides of said second vertical core parts to prevent cracks
from being generated in a surface of an intermediate portion of a power supply road.

US Pat. No. 9,318,195

MULTI-LEVEL MEMORY APPARATUS AND DATA SENSING METHOD THEREOF

SK HYNIX INC., Icheon (K...

1. A multi-level memory device comprising:
a most significant bit (MSB) determination circuit configured to determine a plurality of MSBs by comparing a cell current
flowing through a memory cell with a predetermined reference current;

a current/voltage conversion circuit configured to convert a copied cell current obtained by copying the cell current into
a cell voltage;

a charging time determination circuit configured to determine a charging time during which the copied cell current is converted
into the cell voltage and output a charging end signal; and

a least significant bit (LSB) determination circuit configured to determine a plurality of LSBs according to the cell voltage
and the charging end signal.

US Pat. No. 9,286,566

VISUAL CORTICAL CIRCUIT APPARATUS, VISUAL CORTICAL IMITATION SYSTEM AND OBJECT SEARCH SYSTEM USING VISUAL CORTICAL CIRCUIT APPARATUS

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. A visual cortical circuit apparatus
for constructing a circuit for implementing a visual cortex response to stimuli over the period of neuron response time in
a form of a voltage and

outputting a voltage equivalent to the voltage, comprising:
a current mirror unit for using a transistor as a current source to generate a current of the same magnitude as the response;
a transconductance unit for receiving a current generated by the current mirror unit as an input and outputting a voltage
using transconductance;

a buffer unit for converting a voltage output by the transconductance unit into a current and buffering the current; and
a bipolar switch unit, wherein any one of outputs from the buffer unit is switched on if a membrane potential proceeds across
a neuron so that the neuron becomes activated, and switched off if a membrane potential proceeds across a neuron so that the
neuron becomes deactivated;

wherein each unit is a circuit.

US Pat. No. 9,066,413

PLASMA GENERATION APPARATUS

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. A plasma generation apparatus comprising:
a vacuum container;
a plurality of dielectrics connected to through-holes formed in the vacuum container;
a plurality of RF coils of the same structure, which are disposed in the vicinity of the respective dielectrics and are electrically
connected in parallel;

an RF power source to supply power to the RF coils;
an impedance matching circuit disposed between the RF power source and the RF coils; and
a power distribution unit disposed between the impedance matching circuit and one ends of the RF coils to distribute the power
of the RF power source to the RF coils,

wherein the power distribution unit comprises:
a power distribution line; and
a conductive outer cover enclosing the power distribution line, and
wherein distances between an input end of the power distribution unit and the RF coils are distances between node points including
an input node (N1) of the power distribution unit and RF coil nodes,

further comprising:
permanent magnets spaced apart from the RF coils, respectively, and
a magnet fixing plate to fix the permanent magnets and adjust a vertical distance between the permanent magnets and the RF
coils.

US Pat. No. 9,067,970

ANTICANCER AGENTS COMPRISING PEPTIDES WITH CANCER-SPECIFIC TOXICITY

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. A method for treating a cancer cell line in vitro, comprising the step of treating a cancer cell line with a peptide which
is represented by SEQ ID NO. 1 or SEQ ID NO. 2, wherein the cancer cell line is a skin cancer, cervical cancer, lung cancer,
rectal cancer, prostate cancer, or hematologic malignancies cell line.
US Pat. No. 9,267,105

AMINOCLAY FOR HARVESTING ALGAE

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. Aminoclay for harvesting microalgae, which is prepared by fixing aminosilane centering around cationic metal ions through
a sol-gel reaction.

US Pat. No. 10,032,594

HIGH EFFICIENCY HOLLOW CATHODE AND CATHODE SYSTEM APPLYING SAME

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. A hollow cathode comprising: a tube comprising at least two refractory metal parts; a gas providing unit and a gas outlet which are respectively formed at the distal ends of the tube; and an insert mounted inside the tube;wherein the tube includes a plurality of tube parts formed of refractory metal materials different from each other and integrally connected to each other in a longitudinal direction; and
wherein a part adjacent to the gas providing unit is formed of a refractory metal material with low thermal conductivity; and a part adjacent to an electron discharge hole is formed of a refractory metal material with a high melting point.
US Pat. No. 9,423,400

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ANALYZING PROTEIN-PROTEIN INTERACTION ON SINGLE-MOLECULE LEVEL WITHIN THE CELLULAR ENVIRONMENT

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. A method of analyzing protein interactions between first proteins and second proteins at a single molecule level, comprising:
(a) attaching biomolecules that bind specifically to first markers included in first proteins to a substrate;
(b) supplying the first proteins tagged with first markers to the substrate to induce binding between the first marker and
the biomolecules attached to the substrate;

(c) supplying a cell lysate including the second proteins tagged with second markers to the substrate to induce the interactions
between the first proteins and the second proteins after the biomolecules are bound to the first markers;

(d) analyzing the interactions between the first proteins and the second proteins by measuring a fluorescent signal having
a specific wavelength generated by the second markers tagged to the second proteins bound to the first protein using an optical
apparatus generating a near-field wherein the fluorescent signal is measured cumulatively for a predetermined integral time
period.

US Pat. No. 9,237,290

DISPLAY APPARATUS OF RECEIVING MILLIMETER WAVE OR TERAHERTZ WAVE UNDER NON-LINE-OF-SIGHT CONDITIONS AND DISPLAYING METHOD THEREOF

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. A display apparatus for receiving millimeter waves or terahertz waves from a transmitter under a non-line-of-sight (NLOS)
condition, the apparatus comprising:
a plurality of diversity boards that are installed in a bezel of the display apparatus, receive millimeter waves or terahertz
waves having different paths, convert the received waves into a plurality of baseband signals, and sense output powers of
the plurality of baseband signals;

a controller to output a control signal for selecting a diversity board of a maximum output power from the output powers sensed
by the plurality of diversity boards;

a selector to connect the diversity board of the maximum output power among the plurality of diversity boards to an image
converter by the control signal; and

the image converter to convert an output of the selector into image data for displaying.
US Pat. No. 10,017,570

REPEBODY FOR NOVEL INTERLEUKIN-6 AND USE THEREOF

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. A repebody capable of binding to interleukin-6 (IL-6), said repebody comprising an amino acid sequence selected from the group consisting of SEQ ID NOs: 9 and 11 to 28.

US Pat. No. 9,860,546

METHOD FOR ENCODING/DECODING BLOCK INFORMATION USING QUAD TREE, AND DEVICE FOR USING SAME

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. A video decoding method using a quad tree structure, comprising:
decoding integrated code block flag information in an encoding unit; decoding a split information flag based on the integrated
code block flag information and size information in a transform block; and decoding code block flag information in the transform
block in a case that the transform block is not additionally split based on the split information flag, wherein the split
information flag is not decoded in a case that transform coefficients in the transform block are not present, wherein the
code block flag information in the transform block is decoded without decoding the split information flag in a case that the
transform block size is the same as a least transform block which is not split into an additional transform block, wherein
the transform block is not additionally split in a case that a value of the split information flag is equal to a predetermined
value, wherein the integrated code block flag is decoded in a case that a transform depth in the transform block is 0, and
wherein flag information indicating whether a Luma component in the transform block includes one or more transform coefficients
other than 0 is decoded as the code block flag information in a case that the transform block is not additionally split.

US Pat. No. 9,570,742

POSITIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL HAVING IMPROVED SAFETY AND LIFETIME CHARACTERISTICS AND LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY COMPRISING THE SAME

LG Chem, Ltd., (KR) Kore...

1. A lithium secondary battery comprising a positive electrode active material represented by the following Chemical Formula
1:
Li{LiaMnxM1-a-x-yM?y}O2  [Chemical Formula 1]

where 0(1?a)/2, and 0.05?y<0.2(1?a), and M is simultaneously applied by two elements of nickel (Ni) and cobalt (Co),
and M? is a metal having an ion diameter of 70 pm or more with an oxidation number of 4 as well as a six-coordinate octahedral
structure,

wherein the positive electrode active material further comprises any one or two or more lithium-containing metal oxides selected
from the group consisting of lithium cobalt oxide, lithium nickel oxide, lithium manganese oxide, lithium cobalt-nickel oxide,
lithium cobalt-manganese oxide, lithium manganese-nickel oxide, lithium cobalt-nickel-manganese oxide, lithium-containing
olivine-type phosphate, lithium-containing manganese spinel, and lithium-containing metal oxide having other element(s) substituted
or doped thereto;

wherein the battery is prepared by performing a formation process comprising charging at a voltage from 4.4V to 5.0 V based
on a positive electrode potential and degassing after the formation process; and wherein a generation of gas is completed
in an initial formation process and the gas is not generated during a subsequent charge and discharge cycle.

US Pat. No. 9,161,251

DATA TRANSMISSION SYSTEM FOR DETERMINING DATA TRANSMISSION POWER USING A VIRTUAL CELL

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A base station, comprising:
a reception unit configured to receive, from a plurality of first terminals receiving interference signals from the base station,
information of interference channels between the base station and the plurality of first terminals, the plurality of first
terminals being located in a neighbor cell adjacent to a target cell of the base station;

a virtual cell modeling unit configured to model the plurality of first terminals and a plurality of cooperative base stations
into a virtual cell, based on the received information of interference channels between the base station and the plurality
of first terminals,

wherein the plurality of cooperative base stations are configured to transmit first data signals to each of the plurality
of first terminals; and

a transmission power determination unit configured to determine a transmission power for each of a plurality of frequency
bands with respect to a plurality of second terminals receiving second data signals from the base station, based on the virtual
cell such that the transmission power determination unit is configured to control the transmission power of the second data
signals according to the received information of interference channels between the base station and the plurality of first
terminals,

wherein the information comprises at least one of: an identifier of each of the plurality of first terminals, a channel gain
of the interference channels, a transmission power of the first data signals, and data transmission priority of the plurality
of first terminals, and

wherein a reception cycle for the identifier of the first terminal is shorter than a reception cycle for each of: the channel
gain of the interference channels, the transmission power of the first data signals, and the data transmission priority of
the first terminal.

US Pat. No. 9,134,211

SURFACE SHAPE MEASURING DEVICE

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. A surface shape measuring device, comprising:
a substrate having a flexible polymer material deformable by contact with an external object;
an electrode portion including at least one electrode pattern, the electrode pattern extending on the substrate and having
a conductive polymer material;

a coating layer on the substrate to cover the electrode pattern and having a flexible polymer material deformable by contact
with the external object; and

a detector electrically connected to the electrode pattern and configured to detect a change in a physical quantity of the
electrode pattern generated by at least one of a deformation of the substrate and the coating layer by the external object
applied thereto,

wherein the substrate or the coating layer has a surface roughness greater than a surface of the external object so that the
surface shape measuring device makes a conformal contact with the surface of the external object, and

the detector is configured to detect the change in the physical quantity of the electrode pattern depending on a shape deformation
of the surface of the external object in a state where the substrate or the coating layer is conformally attached to the external
object.

US Pat. No. 9,096,872

RECOMBINANT MICROORGANISMS HAVING INCREASED ABILITY TO PRODUCE BUTANOL AND METHOD OF PRODUCING BUTANOL USING THE SAME

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. A recombinant microorganism having an increased ability to produce butanol, wherein an
Adh* gene encoding alcohol/aldehyde dehydrogenase mutant having one or more mutations between 450 and 650 amino acid sequence
of SEQ ID NO: 51 is amplified in the microorganism, and

wherein the microorganism is Clostridium acetobutylicum.

US Pat. No. 9,065,396

APPARATUS FOR COMPENSATING FOR DISTORTION OF TRANSMITTER ARRAY IN RADIO COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An apparatus for compensating for distortion of a transmitter array in a radio communication system, the apparatus comprising:
a Digital Pre-Distorter (DPD) configured to perform a digital pre-distortion operation on a received In-phase (I) signal,
a received Quadrature-phase (Q) signal, a feedback I signal, and a feedback Q signal;

an oscillator configured to oscillate a preset frequency signal;
a mixer configured to mix a signal output from the DPD with a signal output from the oscillator;
n phase shifters each for phase-shifting a signal output from the mixer according to a preset beamforming pattern;
n power amplifiers each connected to an associated phase shifter on a one-to-one basis to amplify a signal output from the
phase shifter according to a gain;

n envelope detectors each connected to an associated power amplifier on a one-to-one basis to detect an envelope signal from
a signal output from the power amplifier;

a control unit configured to determine whether the n power amplifiers operate normally, using the envelope signals output
from the n envelope detectors, and to perform a self-healing operation of increasing a supply voltage of remaining power amplifiers
except for at least one power amplifier that operates abnormally among the n power amplifiers if there is the at least one
power amplifier that operates abnormally; and

an Analog to Digital Converter (ADC) configured to generate the feedback I signal and the feedback Q signal by Analog to Digital
(A/D)-converting a signal output from a specific power amplifier among the n power amplifiers,

wherein the specific power amplifier is a power amplifier located in the center of the n power amplifiers.

US Pat. No. 9,555,956

FOOD PACKAGING MATERIAL HAVING UNIFORM COATING OF OIL, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME, MOLD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

CJ CHEILJEDANG CORPORATIO...

1. A method of manufacturing a food packaging material having a uniform coating of oil, the method comprising:
(a) preparing a mold including a plurality of prism bodies;
(b) forming a plurality of grooves on one surface of a food packaging material corresponding to the prism bodies by pressing
the mold to the food packaging material; and

(c) forming an oil layer on the one surface of the food packaging material, wherein the grooves are filled with oil.

US Pat. No. 9,486,773

HIERARCHICAL STRUCTURE OF GRAPHENE-CARBON NANOTUBES AND METHOD FOR PREPARING SAME

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. A method manufacturing a hierarchical structure of a graphene-carbon nanotube, comprising:
adding a first catalyst metal and a first ion solvent to a graphite or a graphene oxide to provide a first mix material;
irradiating first microwaves to the first mix material to provide a graphene-carbon nanotube conjugate;
adding a second catalyst metal and a second ion solvent to the graphene-carbon nanotube conjugate to provide a second mix
material; and

irradiating second microwaves to the second mix material to convert the carbon nanotube into a hierarchical structure.

US Pat. No. 9,450,720

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR OPERATING ANALOG BEAM IN A BEAM DIVISION MULTIPLE ACCESS SYSTEM

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method for operating an analog beam in an analog beam operating apparatus using a hybrid beam-forming structure having
a small number of digital chains provided in a digital stage, and transmitting and receiving a signal in a time division multiple
access (TDMA) scheme, the method comprising:
receiving a request for using a next frame from at least one of multiple devices that transmit and receive signals in units
of frames;

changing the analog beam based on estimated effective channel information corresponding to the at least one device for a counterpart
device for which use of the next frame is to be permitted; and

transmitting information indicating that the analog beam is changed to permit the use of the next frame by the counterpart
device to the multiple devices.

US Pat. No. 9,425,884

COMMUNICATION METHOD OF A MACRO BASE STATION, A VEHICULAR MOVING RELAY, AND A VEHICULAR MOVING TERMINAL

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A communication method of a moving terminal in a communication system including a vehicular moving relay, the method comprising:
receiving data transmitted by a macro base station;
checking a quality of a communication service provided to the moving terminal using the received data;
determining whether to improve the quality of the communication service in response to checking the quality of the communication
service;

in response to determining to improve the quality of the communication service, broadcasting a unique code of the moving terminal
in a virtual cell of the moving terminal to search for the vehicular moving relay in a mode that repeats data to the vehicular
moving terminal without requesting a handover from the macro base station to the vehicular moving relay, wherein the unique
code is allocated by the macro base station and information about the unique code is broadcasted by the moving terminal in
a macro cell of the macro base station;

receiving data repeated by the vehicular moving relay using the unique code, wherein the vehicular moving relay receives the
information broadcasted in the macro cell by being positioned in the macro cell and receives the unique code broadcasted in
the virtual cell by being positioned in the virtual cell; and

combining the data received from the macro base station and the data repeated by the vehicular moving relay.

US Pat. No. 9,395,430

METHOD OF GENERATING MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGE, METHOD OF ACQUIRING PHASE INFORMATION OF PHASE CONTRAST IMAGE, METHOD OF ACQUIRING PHASE INFORMATION OF SUSCEPTIBILITY WEIGHTED IMAGE, AND APPARATUS FOR GENERATING MAGNETIC RESONANCE I

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A method for imaging a magnetic resonance (MR) image by using a radio frequency (RF) multi-coil which includes a plurality
of channel coils, the MR image generating method comprising:
generating a plurality of pieces of K-space completion data which respectively correspond to the plurality of channel coils,
and converting the plurality of pieces of K-space completion data to a frequency domain in order to generate a plurality of
pieces of image data;

acquiring the plurality of pieces of image data in order to acquire the MR image; and
acquiring phase information which relates to the MR image based on at least one of first phase information, which is channel-specific
phase information for a plurality of channels and acquired from the plurality of pieces of image data, and second phase information
which is channel-specific phase information for a plurality of channels and acquired from the plurality of pieces of K-space
completion data,

wherein the generating a plurality of pieces of image data comprises,
acquiring a plurality of pieces of K-space raw data which respectively correspond to the plurality of channel coils, and
acquiring the plurality of pieces of K-space completion data by performing an auto-calibration on each of the acquired plurality
of pieces of K-space raw data.

US Pat. No. 9,367,664

MOBILE APPARATUS FOR EXECUTING SENSING FLOW FOR MOBILE CONTEXT MONITORING, METHOD OF EXECUTING SENSING FLOW USING THE SAME, METHOD OF CONTEXT MONITORING USING THE SAME AND CONTEXT MONITORING SYSTEM INCLUDING THE SAME

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. A mobile apparatus comprising a non-transitory processor-readable medium storing instructions for:
sensing data during a sensing time corresponding to a size of C-FRAME and stopping sensing during a skip time using a sensing
operator, a sensing handler including a plurality of the sensing operators, the C-FRAME being a sequence of the sensed data
to produce a context monitoring result from the sequence of the sensed data; and

executing the sensed data of the sensing operator in a unit of F-FRAME using a processing operator, a processing handier including
a plurality of the processing operators, the F-FRAME being a sequence of the sensed data to a feature from the sequence of
the sensed data,

wherein the context monitoring result is produced from a plurality of the features, and
the size of the C-FRAME is greater than a size of the F-FRAME.

US Pat. No. 9,274,845

JOB SCHEDULING APPARATUS AND JOB SCHEDULING METHOD THEREOF TO ASSIGN JOBS TO A CORE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A job scheduling apparatus, comprising:
a core configured to process jobs assigned and comprising a front end unit and an execution unit; and
a job scheduler configured to assign the jobs to the core based on at least one of a number of active cycles, in which instructions
are transmitted from the front end unit to the execution unit, and a number of stall cycles, in which the instructions are
not transmitted from the front end unit to the execution unit, wherein in response to the front end unit transmitting the
instructions to the execution unit for execution, the front end unit counts the number of active cycles and the number of
stall cycles.

US Pat. No. 9,256,749

METHOD FOR INVOKING APPLICATION IN SCREEN LOCK ENVIRONMENT

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. A method for invoking an application in a user equipment, the method for invoking an application comprises:
selecting at least one unlock application that is to be displayed on a Screen Lock screen among multiple applications;
comparing the number of unlock applications that are to be displayed on a Screen Lock screen, the number of unlock applications
being selected by a user, and a number of pattern entry dots for unlocking the Screen Lock screen; and

displaying, based on the comparison result, an unlock application icon respective to each of the select at least one unlock
application on the Screen Lock screen.

US Pat. No. 9,251,604

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR GENERATING TOMOGRAPHY IMAGE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

14. An apparatus for generating a tomography image, the apparatus comprising:
a light source configured to emit light;
a spatial light modulator configured to modulate either one or both of an intensity and a phase of the light emitted from
the light source according to a pattern;

a modulation controller configured to sequentially apply each of a plurality of patterns to the spatial light modulator;
a depth scanner configured to:
perform a depth scan on one spot on a surface of a subject using modulated light received from the spatial light modulator;
repeat the depth scan on the spot for each of the plurality of patterns of the spatial light modulator; and
obtain light produced by the depth scan for each of the plurality of patterns of the spatial light modulator;
a data detector configured to detect depth scan data for each of the plurality of patterns of the spatial light modulator
from the light produced by the depth scan for each of the plurality of patterns of the spatial light modulator obtained by
the depth scanner;

a signal processor configured to:
form a matrix R representing a vector space based on a correlation of signal values of the depth scan data for each of the
plurality of patterns of the spatial light modulator;

perform a matrix decomposition on the matrix R;
divide the vector space represented as a sum of subspace components into a noise subspace and a signal subspace based on a
threshold and a matrix obtained by the matrix decomposition, wherein the threshold is determined based on characteristics
of the components of the subspace or noise levels of the signal values; and

reconstruct a vector space based on either one or both of components of the signal subspace and components of the noise subspace;
and

an image generator configured to generate the tomography image corresponding to the spot based on the reconstructed vector
space.

US Pat. No. 9,198,067

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DETECTING COVERAGE HOLE IN WIRELESS NETWORK

Korea Advanced Institute ...

2. A method for detecting a coverage hole realized by a computer, the method for detecting a coverage hole comprises:
a step of obtaining multiple coordinates estimated from position information and signal status of an access point (AP), the
AP being accessible by a subscriber user equipment; and

a step of detecting a coverage hole of the subscriber user equipment by using the multiple position coordinates,
wherein the step of detecting a coverage hole of the subscriber user equipment comprises:
a step of deciding two longest higher-layer segments among multiple segments each formed between a pair the multiple position
coordinates;

when both segments have a same length, a step of deciding an intersecting point between the two segments as a central coordinate
of the coverage hole; and

when each of the two segments has a different length, a step of deciding a center point between a center point of a longest
segment of the decided two longest higher-layer segments and an intersecting point between the two longest higher-layer segments
as a central coordinate of the coverage hole.

US Pat. No. 9,170,350

LENS WITH BROADBAND ANTI-REFLECTIVE STRUCTURES FORMED BY NANO ISLAND MASK AND METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME

KAIST (Korea Advanced Ins...

1. A method for making a lens of charge coupled device (CCD) or complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS), the method
comprising the steps of:
providing an organic polymer lens having a curved surface;
applying mask material to the curved surface of the organic polymer lens;
heating the mask material at a temperature between 30 to 300 degrees Celsius to transform the mask material into particles,
wherein the particles form nano-islands;

etching the curved surface of the organic polymer lens using the nano-islands as an etching masks; and
removing the nano-islands from the organic polymer lens to form anti-reflective nanostructures on the organic polymer lens.

US Pat. No. 9,147,889

COMPOSITE SEPARATOR FOR POLYMER ELECTROLYTE MEMBRANE FUEL CELL AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A method for manufacturing a composite separator for a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell, the method comprising:
providing a carbon fiber reinforced composite material in the form of prepreg including a plurality of holes and graphite
foils having the same size as the carbon fiber reinforced composite material;

stacking the graphite foils on both sides of the carbon fiber reinforced composite material and forming air/hydrogen/coolant
supply manifolds on both ends thereof;

forming channels on an outer surface of each graphite foil by applying a high temperature and high pressure mold for channel
formation; and

allowing a connecting portion to be formed in each hole of the carbon fiber reinforced composite material as a portion of
the graphite foils is filled into the holes by the high temperature and high pressure applied during the formation of the
channels, wherein the graphite foils stacked on both sides of the carbon fiber reinforced composite material are conductively
connected to each other.

US Pat. No. 9,143,002

WIRELESS ELECTRIC POWER RECEIVER FOR WIRELESSLY REGULATING ELECTRIC POWER USING SWITCH

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A wireless electric power receiver for receiving wireless electric power from a wireless electric transmitter, the wireless
electric power receiver comprising:
an electric power receiving unit that receives the wireless electric power from the wireless electric power transmitter;
a rectifying unit that rectifies wireless electric power in the form of alternating current output from the wireless electric
power receiving unit and outputs rectified electric power; and

an electric power regulation unit that receives an input of the rectified electric power, and outputs first electric power
which has a lower value of a first voltage than that of the rectified electric power for a first period while outputting second
electric power which has a second voltage of the rectified electric power for a second period, so as to output electric power
with a predetermined voltage value.

US Pat. No. 9,078,226

METHOD FOR DETERMINING TRANSMISSION POWER IN MIMO SYSTEM BASED ON COOPERATIVE TRANSMISSION

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A transmission power determination method for each of transmitters in a multi-input multi-output (MIMO) system in which
the transmitters transmit data to receivers, the transmission power determination method comprising:
setting a power constraint condition of a transmitter, and target quality information of a receiver, the target quality information
comprising a quality for a signal transmitted to the receiver; and

determining a transmission power to be allocated to the transmitter to transmit the data to the receiver based on the power
constraint condition and the target quality information.

US Pat. No. 9,065,488

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DATA COMMUNICATION IN WIRELESS POWER TRANSMISSION

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A wireless power transmitter comprising:
a resonance antenna configured to
wirelessly transmit a power to a wireless power receiver, and
receive a signal from the wireless power receiver, the signal comprising a sub-carrier; and
a controller configured to
receive the signal from the resonance antenna,
receive data from the wireless power receiver based on the sub-carrier,
wherein the controller is further configured to:
increase or reduce a number of sub-carriers allocated to the wireless power receiver based on an environment of the wireless
power transmitter and the wireless power receiver; and

adjust allocation of the sub-carrier to the wireless power receiver based on the number of the sub-carriers.

US Pat. No. 10,187,787

BEACON DEVICE USING GS1 CODE, OPERATING METHOD THEREOF AND SERVICE PROVIDING METHOD USING THE SAME

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. A service providing method comprising:receiving, from a beacon device, data that includes Global Standard #1 (GS1) code information associated with information about at least one product or service of the product;
requesting an Object Name Service (ONS) server for a list of information about the at least one product or service based on the GS1 code information extracted from the received data;
outputting the list based on information about the list that is received from the ONS server in response to the request; and
obtaining and providing desired information about a product or information about a desired service included in the list from a service provider server in response to a selection a user made on the list.

US Pat. No. 9,555,796

HYBRID VEHICLE HAVING INTERACTIVE MANUAL TRANSMISSION AND CONTROL METHOD THEREFOR

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. A hybrid vehicle comprising:
an engine;
a driving motor/generator connected to an output shaft of the engine;
a connection unit disposed between the engine and the driving motor/generator to separate the engine from the driving motor/generator
when the engine is stopped and to connect the engine to the driving motor/generator when the engine is running;

a manual transmission connected to the driving motor/generator, for directly varying the gear ratio without using an engine
clutch, according to a driving speed and a torque generated by the driving motor/generator and the engine;

a position sensor for detecting a moving direction of a manual gearshift lever; and
a central control unit connected to the engine, the driving motor/generator, the connection unit, and the manual transmission,
for in order to assist a gearshift of the manual transmission, separating the connection unit disposed between the engine
and the driving motor/generator when the vehicle is stopped or driven at a speed lower than a preset speed, or connecting
the connection unit when the vehicle is driven at the preset speed or higher, and controlling the driving motor/generator
and the engine according to the moving direction of the manual gearshift lever detected by the position sensor to adjust a
speed of an input shaft of the manual transmission; and

a gearshift trigger switch connected to the central control unit,
wherein a driver transmits a trigger signal for a gearshift operation of the vehicle to the central control unit through the
gearshift trigger switch.

US Pat. No. 9,507,753

COARSE-GRAINED RECONFIGURABLE ARRAY BASED ON A STATIC ROUTER

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A reconfigurable processor comprising:
processing elements;
routers respectively connected to the processing elements; and
connection links formed between the routers,
wherein one of the routers is configured to determine an output direction of data based on predefined configuration information,
and the predefined configuration information comprises information about a location to which a result of an operation is to
be transferred.

US Pat. No. 9,490,788

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

SK HYNIX INC., Icheon (K...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:
a first variable delay circuit that delays inputted multiphase signals according to a delay control signal;
a selection circuit that selects two signals of signals output from the first variable delay circuit;
a second variable delay circuit that delays one of the two signals according to the delay control signal;
a phase comparison circuit that compares a phase of a signal outputted by the second variable delay circuit to a phase of
the other of the two signals;

a filter that updates the delay control signal according to a signal outputted by the phase comparison circuit; and
a delay control signal selection circuit that provides the delay control signal to the first variable delay circuit or the
second variable delay circuit.

US Pat. No. 9,459,381

BATCH FABRICATION METHOD OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL PHOTONIC MICROSTRUCTURES

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. A batch fabrication method of three-dimensional photonic microstructures, the method comprising:
a support structure fabricating step of disposing support structures protruding upwardly from a surface of a substrate;
a variable structure fabricating step of disposing variable structures on the surface of the substrate between neighboring
support structures, each of the variable structures, one side of which contacts one of the neighboring support structures
and the other side of which does not contact the other one of the neighboring support structures, the variable structures
being made of a material of which shape is changed by thermal energy;

a thermal reflow step of applying heat to the substrate; and
a three-dimensional photonic microstructure forming step of forming three-dimensional photonic microstructures by changing
shapes of the variable structures by the thermal reflow step.

US Pat. No. 9,450,064

SEMICONDUCTOR ELEMENT, METHOD FOR FABRICATING THE SAME, AND SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

SK Hynix Inc., Gyeonggi-...

1. A semiconductor element comprising:
a substrate;
a gate dielectric layer formed over the substrate;
a flat band voltage adjusting layer formed over the gate dielectric layer, and comprised of a lanthanide series-based material;
and

an intermediate layer formed between the gate dielectric layer and the flat band voltage adjusting layer, and comprised of
lanthanide-based oxide;

wherein a positive flat band voltage generated between the substrate and the gate dielectric layer is offset by a negative
flat band voltage generated at the intermediate layer between the gate dielectric layer and the flat band voltage adjusting
layer.

US Pat. No. 9,257,706

COMPOSITE SEPARATOR FOR POLYMER ELECTROLYTE MEMBRANE FUEL CELL AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A method for manufacturing a composite separator for a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell, the method comprising:
preparing a prepreg as a continuous carbon fiber-reinforced composite;
preparing a mixed solution by mixing at least one selected from the group consisting of graphite flake, graphite powder, and
carbon black nanoparticles with a solvent;
applying the mixed solution to both surfaces of the prepreg while the prepreg passes through a cutting means to be cut in
the longitudinal direction of the separator or applying the mixed solution to both surfaces of the prepreg while the prepreg
cut by the cutting roller with the cutter passes through a stacking/compression roller;
allowing the prepreg to which the mixed solution is applied to be heated and pressed by a hot press such that hydrogen, air,
and coolant flow fields are formed or to pass through a hot roller to be formed into a separator, wherein the applying the
mixed solution to both surfaces of the prepreg is spraying the mixed solution onto the prepreg as the continuous carbon fiber-reinforced
composite;

removing unnecessary portions from the heated and pressed separator using a trim cutter; and post-curing the thus formed separator,
wherein the mixed solution is applied to the prepreg as the continuous carbon fiber-reinforced composite such that a graphite
layer is integrally formed with the prepreg.

US Pat. No. 10,049,422

TEMPLATE-BASED WATERMARKING METHOD FOR DEPTH-IMAGE-BASED RENDERING BASED 3D IMAGE AND APPARATUS THEREOF

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. A method of inserting a watermark based on a template, the method comprising:determining a template watermark inserting area and a message watermark inserting area in spatial domain of an image;
transforming the determined template watermark inserting area into a frequency domain to insert at least one preset template watermark and transforming the determined message watermark inserting area into a frequency domain to insert a preset message watermark; and
transforming the template watermark inserting area, into which the at least one preset template watermark is inserted, into a spatial domain and transforming the message watermark inserting area, into which the preset message watermark is inserted, into a spatial domain,
wherein a plurality of horizontal line areas, which have a predetermined width and are spaced apart from each other by a predetermined interval, and a vertical line area having the predetermined width are determined as the template watermark inserting area in the spatial domain of the image, and
a remaining area except for the determined template watermark inserting area is determined as the message watermark inserting area.

US Pat. No. 9,523,754

IMAGE PROCESSING METHOD AND MEDICAL IMAGING APPARATUS EMPLOYING THE METHOD

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A method for generating an image by using a medical imaging apparatus, the method comprising:
acquiring first slab data which relates to a first imaging slab which is located at a first position;
acquiring second slab data which relates to a second imaging slab which is located at a second position which is different
from the first position; and

generating a restored image by using data from among the acquired first slab data and data from among the acquired second
slab data in slices which correspond to a same position on an object,

wherein the generating the restored image comprises:
generating a composite image by using first slice data which relates to a first slice from among the slices and second slice
data which relates to a second slice from among the slices; and

generating the restored image by using the composite image and slice data selected from among at least one of the first slice
data and the second slice data based on a contrast.

US Pat. No. 9,484,924

NEGATIVE CAPACITANCE LOGIC DEVICE, CLOCK GENERATOR INCLUDING THE SAME AND METHOD OF OPERATING CLOCK GENERATOR

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. A negative capacitance logic device comprising:
a first field effect transistor (FET) coupled between a power supply voltage and an output node, the first FET including a
ferroelectric having a negative capacitance; and

a second (FET) coupled between the output node and a ground voltage, the second FET including a ferroelectric having a negative
capacitance,

wherein the negative capacitance logic is configured to differentiate an input voltage applied to an input node to provide
an output voltage at the output node,

wherein the first FET includes a p-channel FET that has a source region coupled to the power supply voltage, a gate electrode
coupled to the input node and a drain region coupled to the output node,

wherein the second FET includes an n-channel FET that has a drain region coupled to the power supply voltage, a gate electrode
coupled to the input node and a source region coupled to the output node,

wherein each of the first FET and the second FET includes a dielectric layer including at least the ferroelectric,
wherein the dielectric layer is formed between the gate electrode and an channel region that is formed between the drain region
and the source region in a substrate, and

wherein the dielectric layer further comprises a gate oxide layer and a metal layer which are sequentially interposed between
the channel region and the ferroelectric.

US Pat. No. 9,428,774

ENGINEERED MICROORGANISM PRODUCING HOMO-SUCCINIC ACID AND METHOD FOR PREPARING SUCCINIC ACID USING THE SAME

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. A mutant microorganism of a rumen bacteria, the mutant microorganism having disrupted a lactate dehydrogenase gene (ldhA),
a phosphotransacetylase gene (pta), and an acetate kinase gene (ackA) while maintaining a non-disrupted pyruvate formate-lyase
gene (pfl),
wherein the rumen bacteria has a property of producing succinic acid,
wherein the rumen bacteria are included in a genus of which Mannheimia succiniciproducens is included, and

wherein the amount of any other organic acid produced by the mutant rumen bacterium as a byproduct in the production of succinic
acid by the mutant rumen bacterium is less than 1 wt % based on the weight of succinic acid that is produced.

US Pat. No. 9,393,308

MICELLE STRUCTURE OF NANO PREPARATION FOR DIAGNOSIS OR TREATMENT OF CANCER DISEASE AND PREPARATION METHOD THEREOF

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. A method of preparing a nanopreparation having a micelle structure, comprising the following steps:
(1) mixing a photosensitizer and polymeric lipid DSPE-mPEG2000 dissolved in an organic solvent at a molar ratio of 1.0:10.0
to prepare a mixed solution;

(2) removing the organic solvent from the mixed solution prepared in the step (1) and drying the resultant to prepare a polymeric
lipid film;

(3) simultaneously hydrating and sonicating the polymeric lipid film prepared in the step (2) in one or more solutions selected
from the group consisting of water, PBS, HBS, and HBG at room temperature to 100° C. to form nanoparticles having a micelle
structure; and

(4) filtering the nanoparticles having the micelle structure formed in the step (3) to homogenize, wherein,
the nanopreparation having the micelle structure has a diameter in a range between about 5.0 to 12.0 nanometer, and
an incorporation efficiency of the photosensitizer of greater than about 80%.
US Pat. No. 9,377,462

METHOD FOR ANALYZING PROTEIN-PROTEIN INTERACTION ON SINGLE-MOLECULE LEVEL IN CELL ENVIRONMENT, AND METHOD FOR MEASURING DENSITY OF PROTEIN ACTIVATED IN CYTOSOL

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. A method of analyzing interactions between first proteins and second proteins, comprising:
(a) preparing a substrate;
(b) attaching first protein-binding molecules that are biomolecules to be bound with the first proteins to the substrate;
(c) supplying first cell lysates including the first proteins to the substrate to induce binding of the first protein and
the first protein-binding molecules;

(d) supplying second cell lysates including marker-tagged second proteins after the first proteins are bound to the first
protein-binding molecules on the substrate to induce the interactions between the first proteins and the second proteins;
and

(e) analyzing the interactions between the first proteins and the second proteins on the substrate by determining a level
of the first proteins interacted with the second proteins,

wherein determining the level of the first proteins interacted with the second proteins includes cumulatively measuring in
an integral section of a predetermined time period a fluorescent signal having a specific wavelength generated by markers
tagged to the second proteins bound to the first proteins using an optical apparatus generating a near-field.

US Pat. No. 9,317,114

DISPLAY PROPERTY DETERMINATION

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. A display apparatus, comprising:
an optical element having thereon an information area;
an eye tracker configured to detect an activity of at least one pupil within eyes;
a processor configured to change a display property of the information area based at least in part on the activity of the
at least one pupil,

wherein the display property includes at least one of a transparency, a size, a brightness, a chroma, a resolution or a blinking
speed of the information area, and

wherein the processor is further configured to:
determine a gaze point of the at least one pupil based at least in part on the detected activity of the at least one pupil,
calculate a distance between the gaze point of the at least one pupil and the information area, and
determine the display property of the information area based at least in part on the calculated distance.

US Pat. No. 9,279,764

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MANIPULATING NEAR FIELD USING LIGHT SCATTERING

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. A method of manipulating a near field, the method comprising:
manipulating a phase of light from a coherent light source using a wavefront modulator;
passing the light with the manipulated phase through a scattering layer; and
measuring a near field on a surface that the light passing through the scattering layer exit from,
wherein the measuring of the near field of the surface that the light passing through the scattering layer exits from comprises
measuring intensity of the light in a region smaller than an Abbe's diffraction limit in the near field.

US Pat. No. 9,229,079

PARALLEL MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING METHOD FOR RADIAL TRAJECTORY

KAIST (Korea Advanced Ins...

1. An MR imaging method for radial trajectory, comprising:
a first step of calculating sensitivity information S from pre-acquired data through an MRI device;
a second step of receiving an input of a signal g that is radially sampled through parallel coils in the MRI device and obtaining
two offset-adjusted signals gL? and gU? through increasing/decreasing a boundary value;

a third step of receiving an input of an initial image value f0 and obtaining two offset-adjusted signals fL0? and fU0? from the an initial image value f0;

a fourth step of obtaining projection signals PL and PU using the sensitivity information S obtained in the first step and
the two offset-adjusted signals fL0? and fU0? of the initial image value obtained in the third step;

a fifth step of obtaining coefficients real_cL, imag_cL, real_cU, and imag_cU using the sensitivity information S obtained
in the first step, the offset-adjusted signals gL? and gU? obtained in the second step, and the projection signals PL and
PU obtained in the fourth step;

a sixth step of reconfiguring an image by multiplying the coefficients real_cL, imag_cL, real_cU, and imag_cU obtained in
the fifth step by the offset-adjusted signals fL0? and fU0? of the initial image value obtained in the third step, and acquiring a first target image f1 through combination of the images; and

a seventh step of replacing the input value in the third step by the first target image f1 obtained in the sixth step and repeatedly performing the third to sixth steps until a final target image is acquired.

US Pat. No. 9,111,359

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DETECTING MATRIX-BASED MOTION INCLUDING FREQUENCY TRANSFORM AND FILTERING

SAMSUNG TECHWIN CO., LTD....

1. A method of detecting motion, the method comprising:
generating a time domain matrix comprising vectors corresponding to variation of pixel values as elements of the time domain
matrix, of a video image comprising a plurality of frames;

generating a motion matrix from which a low frequency area of the video image is removed by multiplying the time domain matrix
by a low rank matrix; and

generating a result image comprising a plurality of frames in which vectors, which are elements of the motion matrix, are
included as variation of motion pixel values.

US Pat. No. 9,093,732

LOW POWER, HIGH SPEED MULTI-CHANNEL CHIP-TO-CHIP INTERFACE USING DIELECTRIC WAVEGUIDE

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. A board-to-board interconnection device with an electrical fiber, the interconnection device comprising:
an electrical fiber to propagate a signal from a transmitter side board to a receiver side board with a metal cladding;
a microstrip circuit to contact with the electrical fiber with a microstrip-to-waveguide transition (MWT),
a microstrip feeding line to feed the signal to the microstrip circuit at a first layer;
a slotted ground plane including a slot to minimize a ratio of backward propagation wave to forward propagation wave at a
second layer;

a ground plane including an array of vias to make an electrical connection between the slotted ground plane and the ground
plane at a third layer; and

a patch to radiate the signal at a resonance frequency.

US Pat. No. 9,046,777

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A FINE METAL ELECTRODE

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. A method for manufacturing a fine metal electrode, the method comprising:
coating an organometallic ink on a first base substrate to form a solution layer;
pre-baking the first base substrate on which the solution layer is formed, to self-produce a nanoparticle in the solution
layer;

aligning the first base substrate on which the solution layer is formed with a photomask;
irradiating a laser on the photomask;
detaching the photomask from the base substrate on which the solution layer is formed;
cleaning the solution layer;
wherein the photomask comprises a second base substrate and a mask pattern formed on the second base substrate,
the second base substrate comprises a material same as the first base substrate,
the mask pattern is formed on the second base substrate by coating the organometallic ink on the second base substrate,
a heat is provided to produce nanoparticles,
the nanoparticles self-produced by scanning the laser is formed as the metal layer to remain on the second base substrate,
and

an organometallic coating layer without being scanned by the laser is removed to form the mask pattern; and
wherein the laser is irradiated to the solution layer, passing through a portion in which the mask pattern is not formed.

US Pat. No. 9,883,523

METHOD FOR MANAGING WIRELESS RESOURCE AND APPARATUS THEREFOR

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method for performing a communication with a user equipment by a network in a wireless communication system, the method
comprising:
receiving, by the network from the user equipment, information about a base station cluster, wherein the base station cluster
comprises a plurality of base stations and is determined at the user equipment according to the following equation:


where Mk indicates the base station cluster, Smk indicates a strength of a signal received at a user equipment k from the plurality of base stations of the base station cluster,
wmk indicates a value of a sum of signal strengths received at the user equipment k from the plurality of base stations, and that
is divided by a resource allocation gain, xk, from a base station m of the plurality of base stations to the user equipment k, and ym indicates load information of the base station m;

generating, by the network, a radio interface between the user equipment and a virtual cell based on information about the
base station cluster, wherein the virtual cell is formed using the plurality of base stations;

grouping, by the network, a plurality of user equipments into a plurality of groups to satisfy a specific condition;
selecting, by the network, the user equipment from a group of the plurality of groups for scheduling using a group-based greedy
algorithm,

wherein checking whether or not a total number of antennas of a base station corresponding to each group is equal to or greater
than a number of user equipments selected from each group is skipped in the group-based greedy algorithm; and

performing, by the network, data transmission and reception with the user equipment.

US Pat. No. 9,835,852

SCANNER FOR TWO-DIMENSIONAL OPTICAL SCANNING, MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, AND MEDICAL IMAGING APPARATUS USING THE SAME

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. A scanner for two-dimensional optical scanning, comprising:
a first fixing part;
a second fixing part disposed so as to be spaced apart from the first fixing part;
two or more driving arms having both ends connected and fixed to the first and second fixing parts, formed as one set and
formed so that end portions thereof fixed to the second fixing part are electrically connected to each other, and formed so
that a resonance frequency in an X axis direction and a resonance frequency in a Y axis direction are different from each
other; and

an optical fiber having one side fixed to the first fixing part and the other side fixed to the second fixing part, disposed
so as to be spaced apart from one side of the driving arms in a width direction, and disposed at a height different from that
of the driving arms in a height direction,

wherein a spring constant of an X axis direction structure and a spring constant of a Y axis direction structure are different
from each other, and

wherein resonance frequencies of the optical fiber in the X and Y axis directions are separated from each other by a difference
between the spring constants.

US Pat. No. 9,583,650

INTEGRATED PLASMONIC CIRCUIT AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. An integrated plasmonic circuit comprising:
a lower electrode layer extended in a length direction and made of a metal;
at least one pair of semiconductor parts disposed on an upper surface of the lower electrode layer and disposed to be spaced
apart from each other in the length direction;

an upper electrode layer disposed above the lower electrode layer so as to be spaced apart from the lower electrode layer
in a vertical direction, having a lower surface contacting the semiconductor parts, having a spacing part formed at a position
between the semiconductor parts to thereby be separated into at least one pair, and made of a metal; and

a dielectric layer interposed in a space between the lower electrode layer and the upper electrode layer and configured to
accommodate the semiconductor parts therein,

wherein a plasmonic signal generated in one of one pair of semiconductor parts is guided through the dielectric layer and
is transferred to the other semiconductor part.

US Pat. No. 9,505,841

USE OF AN ANTI-ANG2 ANTIBODY

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A method of enhancing the efficacy of an anticancer agent, comprising administering an anti-cancer agent and an anti-Ang2
antibody or an antigen-binding fragment thereof to a subject in need thereof, wherein the anti-Ang2 antibody or the antigen-binding
fragment thereof specifically binds to Ang2 and forms a complex with a Tie2 receptor via Ang2; and the anti-Ang2 antibody
or an antigen-binding fragment thereof binds to Q418, P419 or a combination of Q418 and P419 in human Ang2 of SEQ ID NO: 11;
or binds to 2 to 20 contiguous amino acid residues of SEQ ID NO: 11 including Q418, P419 or a combination of Q418 and P419,
wherein the anti-Ang2 antibody or an antigen-binding fragment thereof comprises:
a first heavy chain complementarity determining region (CDR-H1) comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1,
a second heavy chain complementarity determining region (CDR-H2) comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 2,
a third heavy chain complementarity determining region (CDR-H3) comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 3,
a first light chain complementarity determining region (CDR-L1) comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 4,
a second light chain complementarity determining region (CDR-L2) comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 5, and
a third light chain complementarity determining region (CDR-L3) comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 6.

US Pat. No. 9,484,992

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PERFORMING ANTENNA VIRTUALIZATION USING POLARIMETRIC ANTENNA IN A WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method for transmitting a signal using a polarimetric antenna to a reception apparatus at a transmission apparatus in
a wireless communication system, the method comprising:
generating a first matrix using a radiation pattern of the polarimetric antenna;
calculating a second matrix that maximizes channel capacity;
determining an antenna virtualization matrix by Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) based on the first and second matrices;
and

transmitting a signal to the reception apparatus using the antenna virtualization matrix.

US Pat. No. 9,485,512

VIDEO ENCODING METHOD FOR ENCODING DIVISION BLOCK, VIDEO DECODING METHOD FOR DECODING DIVISION BLOCK, AND RECORDING MEDIUM FOR IMPLEMENTING THE SAME

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. A method of video decoding, comprising:
dividing a decoding unit block within a current slice into four first sub-decoding-unit-blocks;
dividing at least one of the first sub-decoding-unit-blocks within the decoding unit block into four second sub-decoding-unit-blocks,
wherein a prediction mode for each of the second sub-decoding-unit-blocks has intra prediction mode or inter prediction mode,
wherein at least one of the four of the second sub-decoding-unit-blocks has the intra prediction mode and the rest of the
second sub-decoding-unit-blocks have the inter prediction mode;

transforming the at least one of the second sub-decoding-unit-blocks using a first transform kernel and a second transform
kernel, wherein a size of the first transform kernel is different from a size of the second transform kernel, wherein the
at least one of the second sub-decoding-unit-blocks is transformed using the first transform kernel and the second transform
kernel which has different size from the first transform kernel, and the at least one of the second sub-decoding-unit-blocks
is divided from the first sub-decoding-unit-block within the decoding unit block and the at least one of the second sub-decoding-unit-blocks
has intra prediction mode or inter prediction mode; and

performing prediction on each of the second sub-decoding-unit-blocks according to the prediction mode for each of the second
sub-decoding-unit-blocks,

wherein the performing prediction includes performing intra prediction on the second sub-decoding-unit-block having the intra
prediction mode and inter prediction on the second sub-decoding-unit-block having the inter prediction mode,

wherein the inter prediction mode and the intra prediction mode are mixed in the decoding unit block,
wherein transforming the at least one of the second sub-decoding-unit-blocks includes transforming at least one of the first
sub-decoding-unit-blocks which are undivided, by using a third transform kernel and a fourth transform kernel, wherein a size
of the third transform kernel is different from a size of the fourth transform kernel, wherein the first sub-decoding-unit-block
which is undivided has inter prediction mode or intra prediction mode,

wherein the size of the first transform kernel and the size of the second transform kernel are smaller than a size of the
second sub-decoding-unit-block, and the size of the third transform kernel and the size of the fourth transform kernel are
smaller than a size of the first sub-decoding-unit-block, and

wherein the decoding unit block includes at least one undivided first sub-decoding-unit-block which is basis of prediction
mode and is divided into the third transform kernel and the forth transform kernel having different size from the third transform
kernel, and the decoding unit block further includes the at least one of the second sub-decoding-unit-blocks which is basis
of prediction mode and is divided into the first transform kernel and the second transform kernel having different size from
the first transform kernel.

US Pat. No. 9,395,624

META-PHOTORESIST FOR LITHOGRAPHY

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. A photoresist composite layer for photo lithography wherein patterns of a photo mask are transferred by exposure and development,
comprising:
a photoresist layer; and
metal particles that are impregnated into the photoresist layer and are arranged to be spaced apart from each other on a plane.

US Pat. No. 9,344,854

METHOD, STORAGE MEDIUM, SERVER, AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE FOR IMPLEMENTING LOCATION BASED SERVICE WITHIN BUILDING

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method of implementing a location-based service within a building, the method comprising:
implementing a location-based service within a building receiving, by a server, from a first electronic device, a plurality
of first data sets indicating information of wireless signals which the first electronic device measures for each time or
for each location within the building;

receiving, by the server, from a second electronic device, a plurality of second data sets indicating information of wireless
signals which the second electronic device measures for each time or for each location within the building;

determining, by the server, a similarity between the plurality of first data sets representing a first moving path of the
first electronic device and the plurality of second data sets representing a second moving path of the second electronic device;

generating, by the server, a logical path by integrating similar data sets from among the plurality of first data sets and
the plurality of second data sets and connecting the first moving path and the second moving path; and

generating, by the server, a wireless signal map within the building by mapping the logical path to a physical path of the
building.

US Pat. No. 9,322,044

METHOD FOR PRODUCING PHOSPHOSERINE INCORPORATED PROTEINS BY USING SEPRS MUTANTS AND EF-TU MUTANTS

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. A method of producing a phosphorylated protein by incorporating phosphoserine into the specific position of a target protein
or polypeptide, the method comprising expressing an mRNA encoding the target protein in the system using tRNASep serving to recognize at least one codon in the mRNA of the target protein or polypeptide, a SepRS mutant serving to aminoacylate
tRNASep with phosphoserine (Sep), a EF-Tu mutant serving to bind and deliver Sep-tRNASep to the ribosome, and the ribosome incorporating the Sep into the specific target protein or polypeptide recognized by the
Sep-tRNAsep,
wherein the SepRS mutant has at least one mutation selected from the group consisting of: K347E, N352D, E412S, E412D, E414I,
E414M, E414W, F452L, E481D, P495R, P495S, I496R, I496S, L512I, and V532A in an O-phosphoseryl-tRNA synthetase (SepRS) having
the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:17, and

wherein EF-Tu mutant has at least one mutation selected from the group consisting of: H67R, E216V, E216L, E216T, E216A, E216R,
E216C, E216Y, D217G, F219Y, T229S, T229A, W274A, and W274N in an EF-Tu having the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:19.

US Pat. No. 9,245,321

PARALLEL IMAGE RECONSTRUCTION USING FILTER BANKS BASED ON LOW-FREQUENCY PART OF K-SPACE SIGNALS

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. A method for a parallel image reconstruction, comprising:
acquiring image information by channel via parallel coils in a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanner;
extracting low-frequency signals from the image information;
reconstructing low-frequency images from the low-frequency signals;
generating filter banks by using the low-frequency images; and
reconstructing a final image by using the filter banks,
wherein the generating of the filter banks comprises separately generating low-frequency image information for a reconstruction
of magnitude information and low-frequency image information for a reconstruction of phase information, and then separately
generating filter banks for reconstruction of the magnitude information and filter banks for reconstruction of the phase information.

US Pat. No. 9,239,391

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR DISTINGUISHING ENERGY BANDS OF PHOTONS IN MULTI-ENERGY RADIATION

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An apparatus for distinguishing an energy band of a photon in a readout circuit that counts photons in multi-energy radiation
incident onto a sensor for each energy band, the apparatus comprising:
an integrator configured to accumulate an electric signal received from the sensor that has undergone photoelectric conversion
from the photon;

a comparator configured to compare an accumulated electric signal received from the integrator with one of a plurality of
threshold values; and

a signal processor configured to:
instruct sequential switching from one of the plurality of threshold values to another one of the plurality of threshold values
according to a result of a comparison received from the comparator; and

output a digital signal that distinguishes an energy band of the photon based on results received from the comparator of sequential
comparisons of the accumulated electric signal with the plurality of threshold values,

wherein each of the plurality of threshold values is a predetermined voltage level that distinguishes an energy band from
among a plurality of energy bands of photons in the multi-energy radiation.

US Pat. No. 9,213,214

OPTICAL PATH-CHANGING DEVICE HAVING CURVED WAVEGUIDE

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. An optical path-changing device having one or more curved waveguides, comprising:
a first waveguide formed in a shape of straight line;
a second waveguide configured to branch from the first waveguide in a first direction and formed in a shape of curved line;
a third waveguide configured to intersect the first waveguide and meet an end of the second waveguide, and formed in a shape
of straight line;

a first reflector arranged in a region in which the second waveguide branches from the first waveguide;
and a first controller configured to control a refractive index of the first reflector,
wherein the first reflector selectively transmits light or an optical signal to the first waveguide or the second waveguide
depending on a change in the refractive index of the first reflector controlled by the first controller.

US Pat. No. 9,167,640

PARALLEL-TYPE LED LIGHTING DEVICE

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. An AC-direct-type LED lighting device, comprising:
a compensation circuit including a compensation inductor and a first compensation capacitor parallelly connected to one terminal
of an AC input and a second compensation capacitor connected in series to the parallelly-connected compensation inductor and
first compensation capacitor, and configured to compensate the AC input;

a rectifying unit configured to rectify an output from terminals of the second compensation capacitor to obtain a direct current;
and

an LED array configured to be driven by an output of the rectifying unit,
wherein capacities of the first compensation capacitor, the second compensation capacitor and the compensation inductor, and
an output voltage of the LED array are determined to cause 0.9 or larger cosine value of a phase, with respect to a voltage
of the AC input, of a resulting current, obtained by dividing the voltage of the AC input by a sum of (i) a parallel value
of an equivalent impedance Re of the rectifying unit and the LED array and an impedance of the second compensation capacitor and (ii) a parallel value of
an impedance of the compensation inductor and an impedance of the first compensation capacitor.

US Pat. No. 9,160,563

FAILURE RECOVERY METHOD IN NON REVERTIVE MODE OF ETHERNET RING NETWORK

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A failure recovery method of a master node in a network, the method comprising:
removing blocking of a port of the master node after a failure occurrence between a first node and a second node;
receiving, by the master node, a first message comprising priority information of the first node;
transmitting, by the master node, the received first message to a next node without performing an operation related to the
received first message;

re-blocking a port of the master node in response to a clear command received by the master node; and
transmitting, by the master node, a clear message for removing blocking of a port of the first node.
US Pat. No. 9,096,860

MUTANTS HAVING CAPABILITY TO PRODUCE 1, 4-BUTANEDIOL AND METHOD FOR PREPARING 1, 4-BUTANEDIOL USING THE SAME

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. An isolated mutant microorganism exhibiting high production of 1,4-butanediol, which is prepared by introducing or amplifying
genes encoding enzymes converting succinate into 4-hydroxybutyrate, and 4-hydroxybutyrate into 1,4-butanediol, in an E. coli capable of producing succinate, wherein the E. coli has inactive genes encoding glucose phosphotransferase (ptsG) and pyruvate kinase (pykA and pykF), and produces succinate
in high concentration without substantial production of other organic acids in anaerobic condition,
wherein the gene encoding the enzyme converting succinate into 4-hydroxybutyrate is selected from the group consisting of
genes encoding succinyl-CoA transferase (Cat 1), succinate semialdehyde dehydrogenase (SucD), 4-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase
(4hbD) and 4-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase (GHB).

US Pat. No. 9,092,906

GRAPHIC PROCESSOR AND METHOD OF EARLY TESTING VISIBILITY OF PIXELS

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A graphic processor, comprising:
a rasterizer to process vertex data to generate fragment data based on a maximum depth value, a minimum depth value, and a
mask bit of each pixel included in one tile, each mask bit indicating whether each pixel is drawn or not, the vertex data
including three dimensional information of the pixels;

a pixel shader to process the fragment data to generate color data; and
a raster operation unit to convert the color data to pixel data to be displayed, wherein, for previous and current objects
with respect to the one tile, the current object being currently rasterized, and the previous object being rasterized prior
to the current object, a tile minimum value and a tile maximum value for the one tile are obtained from the previous object,

wherein the rasterizer is to classify each pixel in one of a visible region, an uncertain region, or an occluded region based
on a depth value of said each pixel, the rasterizer to classify a pixel in the uncertain region when the depth value of the
pixel is between the tile minimum value and the tile maximum value, and

wherein the pixel shader is to determine a visibility of the pixel classified in the uncertain region based on a stencil test
and a depth test, the pixel classified in the uncertain region determined to be a visible pixel when the pixel passes both
the stencil and depth tests, and

wherein the rasterizer is to determine a pixel in the occluded region as an uncertain pixel when the mask bit has a first
value and is to determine the pixel in the occluded region as an occluded pixel when the mask bit has a second value.

US Pat. No. 9,083,469

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING LASING WAVELENGTH OF TUNABLE LASER, AND A WAVELENGTH DIVISION MULTIPLEXED-PASSIVE OPTICAL NETWORK HAVING THE SAME

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. A device for controlling a lasing wavelength of a tunable laser comprising:
a wavelength division multiplexer/de-multiplexer (WD MUX/DE-MUX);
a single mode fiber (SMF) being connected to the WD MUX/DE-MUX;
a tunable laser (TL) for outputting a first light to the WD MUX/DE-MUX;
an optical coupler, being provided between the WD MUX/DE-MUX and the TL, for being inputted and outputting a reflected optical
component of the first light which is backscattered or reflected from the SMF;

a photodiode (PD), being connected to the optical coupler, for converting the reflected optical component into an electric
signal upon receipt thereof and outputting the converted electric signal;

a wavelength identifier (WLI), being connected to the PD, for identifying a difference between the lasing wavelength of the
TL and a transmission wavelength of the WD MUX/DE-MUX upon receipt of the converted electric signal and outputting an identifying
signal; and

a wavelength controller (WLC), being connected to the WLI, for controlling the wavelengths of the TL upon receipt of the identifying
signal.

US Pat. No. 9,064,329

METHOD OF RECONSTRUCTING IMAGE AND APPARATUS AND TOMOGRAPHY APPARATUS FOR PERFORMING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A method of reconstructing a tomography image of an object from a plurality of projection images generated by scanning
the object in a plurality of projection directions, the method comprising:
determining whether a truncated portion of the object is present in each of the plurality of projection images;
reconstructing a first reconstruction image by using at least one projection image, in which a truncated portion of the object
is absent, based on a result of the determining;

calculating projection data for the first reconstruction image, by using the first reconstruction image; and
reconstructing a tomography image of the object by using the calculated projection data.

US Pat. No. 9,812,333

NANOSCALE PATTERNING METHOD AND INTEGRATED DEVICE FOR ELECTRONIC APPARATUS MANUFACTURED THEREFROM

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. A nanoscale patterning method using self-assembly, comprising:
a) a step of depositing an organic photoresist layer on a surface of a substrate to form the organic photoresist layer directly
contacted with the substrate, and forming organic photoresist patterns on the substrate by using lithography;

b) a step of forming a block copolymer thin film including two or more kinds of domain blocks on the substrate including the
organic photoresist patterns formed thereon;

c) a step of selectively removing any one domain block from the block copolymer thin film;
d) a step of forming an inorganic spacer layer on a surface of the block copolymer thin film of the step c); and
e) a step of removing the remaining block copolymer thin film of the step d) and the organic photoresist patterns,
wherein the block copolymer is obtained by polymerizing at least one hydrophilic domain block and at least one hydrophobic
domain block, and

wherein when it is assumed that a molecular weight of the entire block copolymer is 100, a molecular weight ratio of each
domain block is 20 to 80 (hydrophilic domain block):80 to 20 (hydrophobic domain block).

US Pat. No. 9,594,892

USER AUTHENTICATION METHOD AND APPARATUS BASED ON ELECTROCARDIOGRAM (ECG) SIGNAL

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An authentication apparatus comprising:
an electrocardiogram (ECG) signal receiver configured to receive a target ECG signal;
a preprocessor configured to filter the target ECG signal; and
an authenticator configured to:
determine a difference between the filtered target ECG signal and a reference ECG signal;
eliminate, from the difference, a pattern of the reference ECG signal; and
determine whether the target ECG signal corresponds to the reference ECG signal based on the eliminating.

US Pat. No. 9,461,600

METHOD FOR HIGH-FREQUENCY AMPLIFIER USING POWER GAIN-BOOSTING TECHNIQUE

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. A method of designing a high frequency amplifier, comprising the steps of:
finding intrinsic Z-parameters of a transistor;
finding the Maximum Unilateral Gain or Mason's Invariant U of the transistor;
calculating Gmag(max) which satisfies the condition: (2U?1)+2?{square root over (U(U?1))}=?A;

decreasing the value of |A| from the previous step until the stability factor k is slightly higher than 1, according to the
equation:


designing a linear, lossless, reciprocal network embedding the transistor such that
equals the value of A from the previous step;
embedding the transistor into the linear, lossless, reciprocal network; and
constructing simultaneous conjugate matching,
wherein S12 and S21 represent S-parameters of the transistor and S12eq and S21eq represent S-parameters of the linear, lossless, reciprocal network embedding the transistor, Y12eq and Y21eq represent Y-parameters of the linear, lossless, reciprocal network embedding the transistor, and Z12eq and Z21eq represent Z-parameters of the linear, lossless, reciprocal network embedding the transistor.

US Pat. No. 9,438,062

WIRELESS ELECTRIC POWER RECEIVER FOR WIRELESSLY REGULATING ELECTRIC POWER USING SWITCH

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A wireless electric power receiver for receiving wireless electric power from a wireless electric transmitter, the wireless
electric power receiver comprising:
an electric power receiving unit that receives the wireless electric power in a form of alternating current from the wireless
electric power transmitter;

a rectifying unit that rectifies the received wireless electric power in the form of alternating current received from the
wireless electric power receiving unit and outputs rectified electric power in a form of direct current; and

an electric power regulation unit, including at least one switch and at least one capacitor, that:
receives an input of the rectified electric power,
disperses a voltage value of the rectified electric power to the at least one capacitor, by controlling the at least one switch,
outputs a first electric power which has a first voltage value dispersed from the voltage value of the rectified electric
power, for a first period within a predetermined time,

does not output d second electric power for a second period within the predetermined time, so as to output the rectified electric
power with a predetermined voltage value during the predetermined time, and

controls the wireless electric power received from the electric power receiving unit to be increased for the first period.

US Pat. No. 9,249,022

GRAPHENE-CARBON NANOTUBE NANOSTRUCTURE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SAME

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. A method of manufacturing a graphene-carbon nanotube nanostructure, comprising:
mixing materials consisting of graphite, a catalytic metal, and an ionic liquid, the graphite and the catalytic metal being
included in a ratio of 1:0.05 to 1:1, and

radiating microwaves to the mixture,
wherein in the microwave radiation on the mixture, the graphite expands in volume and forms graphene, and carbon nanotubes
grow in place of the catalytic metal.

US Pat. No. 9,246,697

COMMUNICATION DEVICE, MULTICAST CONTROL METHOD, AND SCHEDULING CONTROL METHOD

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. A communication device comprising:
a decoding buffer configured to store a first multicast packet received from a first node and a second multicast packet received
from a second node;

an encoder configured to perform network coding of the first and second multicast packets;
a transmitter configured to transmit the network-coded packets output from the encoder to the first node and the second node;
and

a scheduler configured to schedule transmission priority of each of the first and second multicast packets,
wherein the scheduler is configured to compare a scheduling weighted value of the first multicast packet, a scheduled weighted
value of the second multicast packet, and a scheduling weighted value of the network-coded packets, to choose the largest
scheduling weighted value, and to determine transmission of the packet corresponding to the chosen scheduling weighted value;

wherein the scheduler is configured to calculate the scheduling weighted value of the network-coded packets by calculating
the scheduling weighted value of the first multicast packet and the scheduling weighted value of the second multicast packet
and adding the calculated weighted values together.

US Pat. No. 9,243,736

STRUCTURE OF VACUUM INSULATOR WITH ASSEMBLY RECIPROCATING SUPPORT

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. A structure of a vacuum insulator configured to increase a thermal insulation performance of the vacuum insulator, the
structure comprising:
a top board;
a bottom board; and
an assembly reciprocating support comprising a solid shaft, a hollow shaft, and a connection part between the top board and
the bottom board;

wherein in the structure of the vacuum insulator, a material of the vacuum insulator is determined based on a figure of merit,
and the figure of merit is proportional to a yield strength of the material and inversely proportional to a thermal conductivity
coefficient; and

wherein the material of the vacuum insulator comprises polycarbonate used for the top board, the bottom board, the solid shaft,
and the hollow shaft, and stainless steel used for the connection part.

US Pat. No. 9,217,138

ENGINEERED MICROORGANISM PRODUCING HOMO-SUCCINIC ACID AND METHOD FOR PREPARING SUCCINIC ACID USING THE SAME

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. A mutant rumen bacterium,
said mutant rumen bacterium lacking (i) a lactate dehydrogenase gene (ldhA), (ii) a phosphotransacetylase gene (pta), and
(iii) an acetate kinase gene (ackA),

said mutant rumen bacterium comprising non-disrupted pyruvate formate-lyase gene (pfl), and
said mutant rumen bacterium having the property of producing succinic acid in anaerobic conditions,
wherein said rumen bacterium is selected from the group consisting of genus Mannheimia, genus Actinobacillus and genus Anaerobiospirillum, and

wherein the amount of any other organic acid produced by the mutant rumen bacterium as a byproduct in the production of succinic
acid by the mutant rumen bacterium is less than 1 wt % based on the weight of succinic acid that is produced.

US Pat. No. 9,218,749

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MONITORING BEHAVIOR OF STUDENTS IN FIELD TRIPS

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. A behavior monitoring system comprising:
a plurality of member terminals held respectively by a plurality of members conducting a group activity and configured to
collect and store behavior information of the members to match time information, the behavior information including location
information, orientation information, view information, and motion information;

at least one leader terminal held by a leader and configured to receive and store the behavior information of the members
collected by the plurality of member terminals; and

an analysis terminal configured to receive the behavior information from the at least one leader terminal and the plurality
of member terminals, to estimate behavior distributions corresponding, respectively, to the location information, the orientation
information, the view information, and the motion information included in the received behavior information, and to extract
a feature behavior through analysis of a behavior information difference between the plurality of members for the estimated
behavior distributions respectively,

wherein the analysis terminal is configured to obtain a peer proximity histogram, a body orientation histogram, an image differential
histogram, and an activity intensity histogram by splitting, in units of preset time intervals, the location information,
the orientation information, the view information, and the motion information of the members included in the behavior information
received from the plurality of member terminals, and to estimate the behavior distribution by combining the peer proximity
histogram, the body orientation histogram, the image differential histogram, and the activity intensity histogram obtained
for the plurality of members in units of the preset time intervals.

US Pat. No. 9,155,090

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING AND RECEIVING REFERENCE SIGNAL IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An operation method of a mobile station in a wireless communication, the method comprising:
receiving information about a cluster-specific reference signal configuration; and
receiving cluster-specific reference signals of at least one cluster according to the cluster-specific reference signal configuration,
wherein the cluster denotes a service coverage unit configured by at least one transceiver set, and
wherein the information about the cluster-specific reference signal configuration includes at least one of a resource region
allocated for the cluster-specific reference signal, an offset indicating a resource position where the cluster-specific reference
signal is started, a period indicating an interval at which a cluster-specific reference signal of a same cluster is repeated,
a number of clusters indicating the number of clusters configured by a base station, and an index indicating an order of a
cluster-specific reference signal allocated to each cluster.

US Pat. No. 9,081,030

COMPUTER-AIDED SIMULATION METHOD FOR ATOMIC-RESOLUTION SCANNING SEEBECK MICROSCOPE (SSM) IMAGES

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. A computer-aided simulation method for an atomic-resolution scanning Seebeck microscope (SSM) image, wherein a computer
calculates a local thermoelectric voltage for a position of a voltage probe in a material surface, to acquire the SSM image
corresponding to the position, using the following equation:

in which V(r) denotes the local thermoelectric voltage, Vdiff denotes a thermoelectric voltage drop in a diffusive transport region in a tip and a sample, Scoh(r) denotes a position-dependent Seebeck coefficient, r denotes a distance measured from a point voltage probe, r? denotes
material internal coordinates, ?T(r;r?) denotes a temperature gradient radially weighted by a factor of 1/r2, and

denotes a volume integral of a temperature profile.

US Pat. No. 9,944,855

SOIL STABILIZATION AND IMPROVEMENT METHOD USING BIOPOLYMER

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. A method for stabilizing and improving a soil, comprising:adding a high-molecular viscous biopolymer into the soil; and
heating and cooling the soil.

US Pat. No. 9,851,051

X-BEAM STRUCTURE AND PRESSURE TANK HAVING X-BEAM STRUCTURE

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

5. A pressure tank having the X-beam structure of claim 1 comprising a tank body 200 having a high-pressure fluid accommodated therein and manufactured in a prismatic shape, wherein the X-beam structure 100 is disposed in the tank body 200 and reaches the other opposite side wall from one side wall of the tank body 200 and is regularly orthogonally arranged.

US Pat. No. 9,850,223

METAL CATALYSTS FOR SELECTIVE FORMATION OF CYCLIC CARBONATES, PROCESS FOR PREPARING CYCLIC CARBONATE USING THE SAME AND USE OF CYCLIC CARBONATE

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. A metal complex comprising a ligand represented by Chemical Formula 1 below and a trivalent metal in Group 8 or Group 13:

in Chemical Formula 1, R1 is hydrogen, (C1-C20)alkyl or halogen; R2 is hydrogen, (C1-C20)alkyl, (C1-C20)alkoxy, halogen or nitro.

US Pat. No. 9,628,167

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR BEAMFORMING USING POLARIZED ANTENNA IN A WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A transmission apparatus in a wireless communication system, the transmission apparatus comprising:
a processor configured to process a signal; and
a multi-polarized antenna including a plurality of antenna elements, configured to transmit the signal,
wherein the plurality of antenna elements include an electric-field dipole antenna and a magnetic-field dipole antenna, and
wherein, if a current is applied to the electric-field dipole antenna and the magnetic-field dipole antenna in opposite directions,
a radiation pattern of the multi-polarized antenna includes a preferred radiation pattern and a pattern in a same direction
as a direction of the preferred radiation pattern, overlapped with the preferred radiation pattern.

US Pat. No. 9,627,769

SLOT ANTENNA AND INFORMATION TERMINAL APPARATUS USING THE SAME

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A slot antenna, comprising:
a conductive housing including a bottom and sidewalls extending from the bottom;
a main slot disposed at a corner at which two sidewalls meet and including two or more slot segments that are interconnected,
wherein a first segment of the main slot is formed on the bottom of the conductive housing and extends along the two sidewalls
of the conductive housing meeting near the corner, and wherein a second segment of the main slot is formed on one of the two
sidewalls and extends parallel to the first segment; and

at least one parasitic slot located adjacent to the main slot and separated from the main slot.

US Pat. No. 9,600,802

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR INTELLIGENCE-ORIENTED SERVICE USING CONTEXT INFORMATION ESTIMATION IN MOBILE TERMINAL

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A method to provide an intelligence-oriented service using context information estimation in a mobile terminal, the method
comprising:
registering a correlation relation between first context information used as an input data of a software platform and second
context information generated using the first context information at the software platform;

obtaining the first context information from at least one datum stored in the mobile terminal;
generating, based on the correlation relation, the second context information using at least one first context information;
and

providing the second context information to an upper application,
wherein generating the second context information comprises:
determining, based on the correlation relation, whether information required to generate the second context information is
available, wherein the information required to generate the second context information comprises at least one of the first
context information or other second context information; and

stopping the generation of the second context information if the information required to generate the second context information
is not available.

US Pat. No. 9,413,432

NEAR FIELD WIRELESS TRANSMISSION/RECEPTION METHOD AND APPARATUS

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A data communication method of a near field wireless communication apparatus using magnetic coupling, the method comprising:
generating, by a pulse generator, a first positive pulse signal corresponding to transmission digital data by outputting a
positive pulse when the transmission digital data is “1” and not outputting a pulse when the transmission digital data is
“0”;

driving a data transmission coupler only for a period in which the first positive pulse signal is the positive pulse, thereby
transmitting the transmission digital data;

generating a positive-to-negative pulse signal in which a positive pulse and a negative pulse intersect, in response to signal
reception in a data reception coupler;

comparing a reference value with the positive-to-negative pulse signal to change the positive-to-negative pulse signal to
a second positive pulse signal; and

demodulating the second positive pulse signal to reception digital data,
wherein demodulating the second positive pulse signal to the reception digital data comprises:
toggling, by a first delay flip-flop, the second positive pulse signal to generate a toggling signal,
sampling, by a second delay flip-flop, the toggling signal to generate a sampling signal,
delaying, by a third delay flip-flop, the sampling signal to generate a delay signal, and
conducting an XOR operation for the sampling signal and the delay signal to output the reception digital data.

US Pat. No. 9,348,432

TRANSMITTANCE BASED SENSOR

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. A device, comprising:
an image sensor configured to capture an image of an object in front of the image sensor;
an image analyzer configured to analyze the captured image to calculate a transmittance of a light that is transmitted from
outside of the object to the image sensor via the object, the transmittance of the light being increased as a pressure that
is applied to the object is increased;

a command mapper configured to translate the transmittance into a command; and
an executor configured to execute the command.

US Pat. No. 9,340,922

METHOD OF FABRICATING SURFACE BODY HAVING SUPERHYDROPHOBICITY AND HYDROPHILICITY

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. A method of preparing a surface body having a superhydrophobic region and a hydrophilic region, the method comprising:
(a) depositing a superhydrophobic polymer on a porous substrate to render the substrate superhydrophobic using initiated chemical
vapor deposition; and

(b) hydrolyzing by wet-etching one surface of the superhydrophobic porous substrate, thereby modifying said surface of the
superhydrophobic porous substrate into a hydrophilic surface by converting ester group of the superhydrophobic polymer into
carboxyl group and removing fluorine group.

US Pat. No. 9,319,256

OOK MODULATION DEVICE AND WIRELESS TRANSMITTING DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. An on-off keying (OOK) modulation device comprising:
an oscillator configured to output a first frequency signal having a frequency varying in response to an input voltage;
a frequency multiplier switching unit that operates according to an OOK input data and on/off switches a second frequency
signal that is obtained by multiplying the first frequency signal; and

a switching amplifying unit configured to amplify and switch the second frequency signal according to the OOK input data to
output an OOK modulation signal, wherein the frequency multiplier switching unit comprises:

a first coupling capacitor that has a first terminal receiving the first frequency signal;
a second coupling capacitor that has a first terminal receiving an inverted version of the first frequency signal;
a first transistor that has a gate coupled to a second terminal of the first coupling capacitor and a source coupled to a
ground; and

a second transistor that has a gate coupled to a second terminal of the second coupling capacitor and a source coupled to
the ground.

US Pat. No. 9,285,209

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR GENERATING TOMOGRAPHY IMAGE

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A method of generating a tomography image, the method comprising:
in response to a depth scan operation performed on an object, generating a candidate tomography image by using an interference
signal acquired by the performed depth scan operation;

determining a pixel pattern by using the generated candidate tomography image; and
when the depth scan operation performed on the object is completed, determining a final pixel pattern corresponding to a candidate
tomography image that is selected based on comparison among pixels of generated candidate tomography images, and generating
a final tomography image of the object by using the final pixel pattern,

wherein the generating the candidate tomography image and the determining the pixel pattern are parallel processed by at least
one processor during the depth scan operation being repeatedly performed.

US Pat. No. 9,233,851

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING HIGH QUALITY GRAPHENE BY HEATING CARBON-BASED SELF-ASSEMBLY MONOLAYERS

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. A method for forming a graphene layer on a substrate, comprising:
forming a carbon source layer which is convertible into a graphene layer on the substrate;
forming a metal catalyst layer on the carbon source layer;
heating, by a first heating source, the substrate on which the carbon source layer and the metal catalyst layer are formed
up to a first temperature range, so that the substrate, the carbon source layer and the metal catalyst layer are uniformly
heated and a processing time for forming the graphene layer is reduced, the first heating source being disposed under or over
the substrate;

heating, by a second heating source, a first part of the substrate on which the carbon source layer and the metal catalyst
layer are formed, at a second temperature range to convert the carbon source layer in the first part into the graphene layer;

moving the second heating source to a second part of the substrate on which the carbon source layer and the metal catalyst
layer are formed, and heating the second part to convert the carbon source layer in the second part into the graphene layer,

removing the metal catalyst layer,
wherein the second temperature range is higher than the first temperature range, and the second heating source heats the substrate
and the layers after a temperature in a heating treatment chamber reaches the first temperature range, and

wherein the carbon source layer is formed by a self-assembly method and by at least one compound selected from the group consisting
of an alkylene which has 3 to 50 carbons and an arylene which has 6 to 50 carbons.

US Pat. No. 9,216,776

FOLDABLE VEHICLE AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING THE SAME

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. A foldable vehicle, comprising:
a front vehicle body (10) having a front wheel (11);

a rear vehicle body (20) having a rear wheel (21) and having a lower front end rotatably connected to a lower rear end of the front vehicle body (10) through a rotating shaft (15) to rotate around the rotating shaft (15) in a vertical direction, thereby being folded to overlap with the front vehicle body (10) or unfolded;

a folding drive unit (30) for folding or unfolding the vehicle bodies by rotating the rear vehicle body (20) with respect to the front vehicle body (10); and

a control unit (60) for controlling the operation of the folding drive unit (30).

US Pat. No. 9,074,853

HIGH-ENERGY LASER SYSTEM INTERCEPTING A TARGET AND METHOD THEREOF

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. A high-energy laser system intercepting a target, comprising:
a laser oscillator which generates a laser beam to be irradiated to the target;
a light amplifier which receives the laser beam irradiated to and reflected by the target so as to amplify the laser beam;
a phase conjugate mirror which reflects the laser beam amplified by the light amplifier,
wherein the laser beam that is reflected by the phase conjugate mirror is amplified again in the light amplifier, and then
irradiated to the target so as to intercept the target;

an n-th order harmonic generator which is disposed between the light amplifier and the target so as to convert the frequency
of the reflected and amplified laser beam; and

a wedge-shaped glass plate which is disposed at a front side of the n-th order harmonic generator so as to change an optical
path of the laser beam,

wherein the optical path of the laser beam is changed in the wedge-shaped glass plate by controlling a value n of the n-th
order harmonic generator and an angle ? of the wedge-shaped glass plate, thereby intercepting the target.

US Pat. No. 10,147,864

FE—NI/TI METALIZED SKUTTERUDITE THERMOELECTRIC MATERIAL AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

KOREA INSTITUTE OF ENERGY...

1. A Fe—Ni/Ti metalized skutterudite thermoelectric material, comprising a metalization layer formed on a surface thereof, wherein the metalization layer is configured such that a Fe—Ni layer and a Ti layer are sequentially stacked,wherein the skutterudite thermoelectric material comprises FeSb3 as a p-type thermoelectric material or CoSb3 as an n-type thermoelectric material, and
wherein the Fe—Ni layer comprises Fe and Ni at a weight ratio ranging from 75:25 to 55:45.

US Pat. No. 9,621,884

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ESTIMATING A QUANTIZATION TABLE FOR A VIDEO IMAGE

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A method of estimating a quantization table, which was used in compression and encoding of an image block for post process
filtering video output from a video decoder, the method comprising:
receiving a decoded image block from the output of the video decoder,
performing, by a processor, a first quantization on the image block using respective candidate quantization tables to obtain
a first-quantized image block, and obtaining a first energy cost of the first-quantized image block corresponding to the respective
candidate quantization tables;

edge-related filtering, by the processor, the compressed image block and performing a second quantization on the filtered
compressed image block using the respective candidate quantization tables to obtain a second-quantized image block, and obtaining
a second energy cost of the second-quantized image block corresponding to the respective candidate quantization tables;

estimating, by the processor, one of the candidate quantization tables based on the first energy costs and the second energy
costs obtained by the candidate quantization tables as the quantization table that was used in compression and encoding of
the image block at a video encoder; and

post process filtering the decoder image block using the estimated candidate quantization table.

US Pat. No. 9,609,563

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR RESERVED TRANSMISSION OF NON-REAL-TIME CONTENT IN HETEROGENEOUS NETWORK ENVIRONMENT

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. A method for performing reserved transmission of non-real-time content in a heterogeneous network environment involving
multiple heterogeneous communication networks serving data communications to a mobile terminal, the method comprising:
receiving a transmission reservation option from either a mobile terminal user or a server;
collecting information on networks accessible by the mobile terminal and data transmission rate on a regular basis;
performing a scheduling of whether to transmit data over a currently accessible network, based on the received transmission
reservation option and the collected information on the accessible networks and the data transmission rate; and

repeating data transmission according to the scheduling until transmission of the content is completed,
wherein the performing the scheduling comprises performing a scheduling for minimizing a prescribed function value having
at least one of transmission energy, a transmission charge and a transmission completion time as a parameter.

US Pat. No. 9,563,949

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MEDICAL IMAGE REGISTRATION

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

17. An image registration apparatus for matching medical images, the imaging registration apparatus comprising:
a memory configured to store a first medical image generated before a medical surgery, and computer-executable instructions;
and

one or more processors configured to execute the computer-executable instructions such that the one or more processors are
configured to:

obtain a second medical image in real time during the medical surgery;
extract landmark points of the first medical image and the second medical image from an adjacent anatomical object recognizable
in the second medical image among anatomical objects near an organ of interest; and

register the first medical image and the second medical image based on a geometrical correlation among the adjacent anatomical
objects indicated by the landmark points of the first medical image and a geometrical correlation among the adjacent anatomical
objects indicated by the landmark points of the second medical image,

wherein the one or more processors are further configured to:
select boundary regions indicating silhouettes of the adjacent anatomical objects in the first medical image and the second
medical image based on a change of a brightness of voxels of the first medical image and the second medical image; and

correct the coordinate system of the first medical image or the second medical image based on a similarity between directions
in which the brightness of the voxels increases and decreases in the boundary regions selected in the first medical image
and the second medical image.

US Pat. No. 9,513,796

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING CONTENTS USING TOUCH, RECORDING MEDIUM THEREFOR, AND USER TERMINAL HAVING SAME

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. A method for controlling contents of a user terminal provided with a touch screen on which contents are sequentially displayed,
the method comprising:
detecting first touch on a touch screen on which first contents are displayed;
detecting second touch in a touch screen area other than the detected first touch position;
converting the first contents into second contents by a second touch gesture from the second touch; and
displaying the contents converted by the second touch gesture on the full touch screen according to release of the first touch,
or the contents fixed by the first touch gesture on the full touch screen according to release of the second touch,

wherein a predetermined area of the first contents is not converted by the first touch with the touch state kept in the contents
conversion based on the second touch,

wherein the size of the predetermined area of the first contents is to be continuously variably changed according to dragging
of the first touch position,

wherein the boundary of the predetermined area of the contents which is not converted is determined by a vertical or horizontal
line which divides vertically or horizontally the touch screen at the touch screen position where the first touch is detected,
wherein the vertical or horizontal line includes the point corresponding to the position where the first touch is detected.

US Pat. No. 9,388,417

SYNTHESIS-REGULATING SRNA AND METHOD FOR PREPARING SAME

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. An sRNA for inhibiting gene expression in prokaryotes, the sRNA comprising:
(i) a Hfq binding site derived from the sRNA of any one of MicC, SgrS and MicF; and
(ii) a region that base-pairs with the target gene mRNA,
wherein the Hfq binding site of (i) is derived from MicC, the target gene mRNA of (ii) is not OmpC, the Hfq binding site of
(i) is derived from SgrS, the target gene mRNA of (ii) is not PtsG and the Hfq binding site (i) is derived from MicF, the
target gene mRNA of (ii) is not OmpC, OmpF, OmpA or lpp;

wherein the region that base-pairs with the target gene mRNA is constructed so that the energy of binding to the target gene
mRNA is in the range from ?10 kcal/mol to ?40 kcal/mol; and

wherein the region that base-pairs with the target gene mRNA base-pairs with all or part of the ribosome binding site of the
target gene mRNA except for the Shine-Dalgarno sequence of the target gene mRNA.

US Pat. No. 9,348,502

DIMMING METHOD AND DISPLAY APPARATUS USING THE SAME

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. A display apparatus, comprising:
an interface unit configured to receive a user's input;
a display panel on which a content object is displayed; and
a dimming control circuit configured
to dim a content object area at which the content object is displayed on the display panel according to a velocity of the
content object moving by the user's input, by adjusting brightness of light radiated to the display panel in inverse proportion
to the velocity of the content object, wherein the velocity of the content object changes by the user's input on the interface
unit.

US Pat. No. 9,341,590

COMPOSITE METAL OXIDE MATERIALS INCLUDING POLYCRYSTALLINE NANOFIBERS, MICROPARTICLES, AND NANOPARTICLES, GAS SENSORS USING THE SAME AS A SENSING MATERIAL THEREOF, AND MANUFACTURING METHODS THEREOF

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. A composite sensing material comprising:
a composite containing polycrystalline nanofibers formed of a metal oxide and at least one of microparticles and nanoparticles
formed of a same metal oxide,

wherein the polycrystalline nanofibers, the microparticles, and the nanoparticles have weight percentages X, Y, and Z, respectively,
whose sum is 100 wt %, and

the composite has:
a composition ratio of X:Y:Z for the composite containing the polycrystalline nanofibers, the microparticles, and the nanoparticles,
where the value X is greater than or equal to 20 wt % and is smaller than or equal to 95 wt %, the value Y is greater than
0 wt % and is smaller than or equal to 80 wt %, and the value Z is greater than 0 wt % and is smaller than or equal to 30
wt %,

a composition ratio of X:Y, for the composite containing the polycrystalline nanofibers and the microparticles, or of X:Z,
for the composite containing the polycrystalline nanofibers and the nanoparticles, where the value X is greater than or equal
to 10 wt % and is smaller than or equal to 90 wt %, the value Y or Z is greater than or equal to 10 wt % and is smaller than
or equal to 90 wt %.

US Pat. No. 9,258,204

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DECIDING NETWORK CODING METHOD BASED ON LINK UTILIZATION

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. A method for deciding a network coding method, comprising:
a step of setting up an output link utilization reference value of a network intermediate node;
a step of calculating an average utilization of output links for each network intermediate node;
a step of deciding a network coding method in accordance with the average utilization of the output link for each network
intermediate node;

a step of consistently updating the average utilization of the output link for each network intermediate node; and
a step of changing the network coding method, when a value of the average utilization value is changed,
wherein, in the step of changing the network coding method, when a value of the average utilization value is changed, the
network coding method is changed by reflecting the average utilization of the output link for each network intermediate node,
which is consistently updated, and by repeating the reflected average utilization in accordance with a pre-decided cycle period.