US Pat. No. 9,056,564

ADJUSTING DEVICE, PARTICULARLY FOR A VEHICLE SEAT

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. An adjusting device for performing at least one adjusting function, particularly for adjusting a motor vehicle seat comprising:
a drive, which has a drive device, an actuator, a plurality of planetary gears rotatably coupled to the actuator, and an output,
wherein the drive device provides torque to the output via the plurality of planetary gears;

a braking device configured to interact with the actuator, wherein the braking device at least partially blocks torque of
the output from acting on the drive device; and

at least one spring device arranged between the drive and the braking device, wherein the braking device comprises a braking
part, the at least one spring device is arranged between the actuator and the braking device, the actuator comprises a first
recess, the braking part comprises a second recess, the at least one spring device is disposed within the first recess and
the second recess, and the adjusting device does not include a rolling contact element arranged between the drive and the
braking device;

wherein while a torque is exerted on the actuator, the at least one spring device is deformed elastically until a first engagement
device of the actuator rests against a second engagement device of the braking part, and while the torque is not exerted on
the actuator, the first engagement device is in a starting position and does not rest against the second engagement device
and the at least one spring device is not deformed elastically.

US Pat. No. 9,045,068

ONE-PIECE SEAT BACK STRUCTURE

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A seat back structure, comprising:
a web extending about a central opening, wherein the web includes a left side member having a first substantially flat portion
and a right side member having a second substantially flat portion;

an inner flange extending about an inner perimeter of the web adjacent to the central opening, wherein the inner flange extends
along the left side member and the right side member; and

an outer flange extending about an outer perimeter of the web, wherein the outer flange extends along the left side member
and the right side member, the inner flange, the outer flange and the web form a channel extending about the seat back structure,
the seat back structure is formed from a single continuous sheet of material, and the outer flange of each side member includes
a first portion orientated more than 90 degrees laterally outward from a respective substantially flat portion of the web.

US Pat. No. 9,203,062

BATTERY HANDLE AND COVER WITH PIVOT CAM FEATURE, AND METHOD OF ASSEMBLY

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A battery comprising:
a battery housing containing operable battery elements;
a battery cover secured to the battery housing and having a cover recess in an outer surface, a portion of the cover recess
being defined by opposed first and second walls, the first wall having a first mating attachment element, and the second wall
having a cam engaging surface; and

a handle having a crossbar coupled to an arm, the arm carrying a cam on a first side and a second mating attachment element
on a second side opposite the first side, the handle being pivotally attached to the battery cover in the recess, the battery
handle being pivotable between a first position and a second position relative to the battery cover, wherein during pivotal
movement of the handle from the first position to the second position, the cam engages the cam engaging surface creating lateral
motion from the first side of the arm to the second side of the arm such that the second mating attachment element engages
the first mating attachment element to assist in retaining the handle in the cover recess when the handle is in the second
position.

US Pat. No. 9,254,809

TEAR PREVENTER ON A SIDE AIR CUSHION OUTLET SEAM OF A VEHICLE SEAT COVERING AND VEHICLE SEAT COVERING WITH A TEAR PREVENTER

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A tear preventer on a side air cushion outlet seam of a vehicle seat covering for a vehicle seat, the tear preventer comprising:
a fabric tube is arranged on an inner face of the vehicle seat covering on each of two seam ends of the side air cushion outlet
seam, the fabric tubes being connected in at least one of a material, form-fitting manner and a force-fitting manner to the
vehicle seat covering.

US Pat. No. 9,527,401

SEMI-ACTIVE ARCHITECTURES FOR BATTERIES HAVING TWO DIFFERENT CHEMISTRIES

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A 12 volt automotive battery system, comprising:
a first battery configured to be coupled to an electrical system and to be charged with a relatively constant first voltage,
wherein an alternator outputs the first voltage, and the first battery comprises a first battery chemistry;

a second battery comprising a second battery chemistry that has a higher coulombic efficiency than the first battery chemistry;
a DC/DC converter coupled in series with the second battery, wherein the DC/DC converter and the second battery are coupled
in parallel with the first battery, and the DC/DC converter is configured to:

selectively couple the second battery to the electrical system; and
boost the first voltage to a second voltage to charge the second battery during regenerative braking, wherein the second voltage
is higher than a maximum charging voltage of the first battery; and

a housing that houses the first battery, the second battery, and the DC/DC converter, wherein the housing comprises a positive
terminal and a ground terminal coupled to the first battery and selectively coupled to the second battery via the DC/DC converter,
wherein the positive terminal and the ground terminal are configured to couple to the electrical system.

US Pat. No. 9,365,166

VEHICLE PILLAR CONSTRUCTION AND METHOD

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A pillar garnish for use with an associated vehicle, the garnish comprising:
an elongated rigid body having an inner stiffener first layer formed of a polyolefin and an outer second layer formed of a
thermoplastic polymer, the outer second layer including at least one of synthetic or natural fibers, said inner stiffener
first layer and said outer second layer being formed of different materials relative to one another.

US Pat. No. 9,180,802

RETRACTABLE STRIKER AND SEAT WITH A RETRACTABLE STRIKER

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. Vehicle seat for a vehicle with a retractable striker, wherein the retractable striker is arranged on a seat structure,
wherein the retractable striker is at least partly retractable into the seat structure and wherein the retractable striker
is shaped in a U shape with a base and two legs, wherein a cable is connected with the retractable striker at a connector
plate, wherein the cable is configured to retract the retractable striker guided by a guide sleeve from a protruding position
toward the seat structure into a retracted position when a backrest of the vehicle seat is folded from an upright sittable
first position in a direction of a forwardly folded second position corresponding to a storage position, wherein in the retracted
position, the base of the U shape is in contact with a trim of the seat structure.

US Pat. No. 9,279,443

DEVICE FOR REVERSING THE MOVEMENT AND/OR ACTUATION DIRECTION OF AN ACTUATING CABLE OF A MECHANISM

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A device comprising:
a housing having a housing wall, an open first end portion, a closed second end portion and a receiving section, said receiving
section being located adjacent to said closed second end portion;

an actuating cable comprising an actuating wire;
a sliding piston movably arranged in the housing such that said sliding piston is movable via the actuating cable;
an actuating element connected to said sliding piston, wherein:
the housing wall comprises a groove;
the sliding piston has a receiving section at least partially arranged in the groove;
a receiving nipple is integrally formed on an end side of the actuating cable; and
the receiving section comprises a nipple receiving space, wherein said receiving nipple is arranged in said nipple receiving
space to define an interlocking and/or frictional connection of the receiving section and the receiving nipple.

US Pat. No. 9,090,190

VEHICLE SEAT STRUCTURE

JOHNSON CONTROLS TECHNOLO...

1. A vehicle seat structure, comprising:
a metallic seat structure member with a surface roughened, the surface having a plurality of anchor-shaped recesses having
depth of nanometer scale; and

a strength member made of synthetic resin, the strength member reinforcing the metallic seat structure member and having a
plurality of wedge-shaped leg portions embedded in the plurality of anchor-shaped recesses.

US Pat. No. 9,481,279

SEAT BACK FRAME FOR VEHICLE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A method of manufacturing a seat back frame for a vehicle made of a fiber-reinforced composite material containing a thermoplastic
resin matrix and a reinforcing fiber, the seat back frame including a seat back frame body, a metal plate fixed to the seat
back frame body at a reclining device attaching position, and a metal reclining device weld joined to the metal plate, the
method comprising:
heating and softening the fiber-reinforced composite material containing the thermoplastic resin matrix and the reinforcing
fiber;

shaping the softened fiber-reinforced composite material by cold press molding into a shape of the seat back frame body and,
during the cold press molding, fixing the metal plate to the seat back frame body by insert molding; and

weld joining the metal reclining device to the metal plate subsequent to the steps of heating and softening and shaping.

US Pat. No. 9,291,167

HERMETIC MOTOR COOLING AND CONTROL

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A compressor assembly comprising: a compressor housing; a compressor positioned within the housing; a compressor inlet,
to input refrigerant gas to the compressor; a motor, the motor comprising a motor housing, a stator positioned within the
motor housing, the stator having windings and cooling channels, a rotor positioned within the stator, the rotor having a shaft
having a first end connected to an impeller the compressor and a second end, a rotor gap located between the stator and the
rotor, wherein when electrical current is applied to the stator windings, the rotor rotates, causing the compressor to operate;
electromagnetic bearings positioned at both ends of the rotor to support the rotor when current is applied to the stator windings;
the motor further including a temperature monitoring device positioned within the stator; a stator inlet and a stator outlet,
the stator inlet receiving liquid refrigerant for cooling the stator, a rotor inlet, a rotor liquid drain and a rotor gas
vent, the rotor inlet receiving refrigerant from the stator outlet and sending it through the rotor gap; a flow control device
positioned within the stator to control the flow of refrigerant in response to the temperature of the stator and the rotor
as provided by the temperature monitoring device; and wherein the stator outlet provides refrigerant to the rotor inlet via
a flow passage formed entirely within the motor housing.

US Pat. No. 9,286,582

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETECTING CHANGES IN ENERGY USAGE IN A BUILDING

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A method for generating a baseline energy usage model for a building management system comprising:
receiving, at a processing circuit, an initial set of variables for potential use in a baseline energy usage model for predicting
energy use in a building;

performing, by the processing circuit, statistical hypothesis testing on each of the initial set of variables to determine
which of the initial set of variables are statistically significant to the energy use in the building, the statistical hypothesis
testing comprising:

generating a first set of coefficients for the baseline energy usage model based on the initial set of variables;
removing one of the variables from the initial set of variables to create a subset of the initial set of variables;
generating a second set of coefficients for the baseline energy usage model based on the subset of the initial set of variables;
and

calculating a test statistic for the removed variable using a difference between the first set of coefficients and the second
set of coefficients and comparing the calculated test statistic to a critical value;

automatically selecting, by the processing circuit, one or more of the initial set of variables for use in the baseline energy
usage model based on a result of the statistical hypothesis testing, wherein a variable is selected for use in the baseline
energy usage model when the test statistic calculated for the variable exceeds the critical value;

causing the one or more automatically selected variables to be displayed on a user interface device;
receiving, at the user interface, a selection of one or more variables which differ from the one or more automatically selected
variables; and

using the selection of the one or more variables which differ from the one or more automatically selected variables to generate
a new baseline energy usage model.

US Pat. No. 9,256,702

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETERMINING AN APPROPRIATE MODEL PARAMETER ORDER

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A method for determining an appropriate parameter order for an energy use model for a building site, the method comprising:
receiving an energy use model for the building site at a communications interface of a building analysis system, the energy
use model comprising a weather-related predictor variable;

obtaining, by a processing circuit of the building analysis system, a plurality of data points, each of the data points comprising
a value of the weather-related predictor variable and an associated energy consumption value for the building site;

calculating, by the processing circuit, a first regression statistic indicating a fit of the energy use model to the plurality
of data points under a null hypothesis that the energy use model has a first parameter order and a second regression statistic
indicating a fit of the energy use model to the plurality of data points under an alternative hypothesis that the energy use
model has a second parameter order different from the first parameter order;

generating, by the processing circuit, a test statistic that is a ratio comprising an improvement between the first regression
statistic and the second regression statistic;

comparing, by the processing circuit, the test statistic to a threshold value to determine whether the improvement warrants
rejecting the null hypothesis;

determining, by the processing circuit, an appropriate parameter order for the energy use model based on a result of the comparison;
receiving, at the processing circuit, inputs from one or more sensors that measure a variable state or condition of the building
site;

using the energy use model with the appropriate parameter order to generate, by the processing circuit, control signals for
one or more building control devices as a function of the inputs from the sensors;

and operating the building control devices according to the control signals, wherein operating the building control devices
affects the variable state or condition of the building site.

US Pat. No. 9,211,827

SEAT CUSHION STRUCTURE

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A seat cushion structure for use in a vehicle seat, the cushion structure comprising:
a first outer wall joined to a second outer wall to form a plurality of inner walls, the outer walls and inner walls together
defining a cushion member having a plurality of chambers;

one or more compression members disposed within at least some of the plurality of chambers to absorb occupant load; and
the cushion member further defining a first side bolster, a second opposed side bolster, a front side, an opposed rear side,
an upper surface having a raised portion at the first and second side bolsters, and an opposed lower surface.

US Pat. No. 9,108,554

STRUCTURAL ELEMENT FOR A VEHICLE SEAT

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A structural element of a motor vehicle seat comprising:
a plurality of components, wherein at least some of the plurality of components are interconnected, wherein the plurality
of components comprises:

a first component selectively formed from a lightweight construction or steel; and
a second component having a connecting region configured to couple to the first component, wherein the first component is
formed with a first plurality of contours for coupling via an adhesive connection to the second component, the first plurality
of contours is formable into a second plurality of welding contours for coupling via a welded connection to the second component,
the connecting region has an edge region, the first component couples to the connecting region of the second component that
remains substantially unchanged irrespective of whether the first component is formed from the lightweight construction or
steel, the connecting region is configured to couple to the first component via an adhesive connection extending along a first
plurality of contours of the first component, and the connecting region is configured to couple to the first component by
a welded connection along a second plurality of contours formed on the first component to strengthen the welded connection,
the second plurality of contours includes more contours than the first plurality of contours, and the connecting region remains
substantially unchanged irrespective of whether the first component is bonded to the connecting region by the adhesive connection
or the welded connection, and the first plurality of contours is formable into the second plurality of contours by machining
or punching out at least a portion of the edge region.

US Pat. No. 9,356,327

UNITARY ENERGY STORAGE AND SENSING BATTERIES

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. An electrochemical battery cell, comprising:
an electrically insulating hollow mandrel;
a pair of active materials wound on the mandrel, wherein the pair of active materials comprises an anode and a cathode; and
an integrated circuit located within the mandrel and directly coupled to the pair of active materials, wherein the integrated
circuit comprises a processor, a memory, and a sensor having a graphene-based temperature sensor head, wherein the processor
of the integrated circuit is configured to:

receive a measurement of the temperature of the pair of active materials from the sensor;
determine an internal condition of the electrochemical battery cell from the measured temperature; and
generate a signal indicative of the internal condition for communication to a battery management unit external to the electrochemical
battery cell.

US Pat. No. 9,205,764

ROTARY RECLINER

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A recliner assembly for a vehicular seat of the type including a backrest hingedly connected to a seat cushion and capable
of being rotated, said assembly comprising:
a toothed rotary recliner mechanism configured to establish incremental reclining adjustments about a generally horizontal
axis to permit relative pivotal movement between a backrest and a seat cushion, said rotary recliner mechanism including opposing
inner and outer gears supported relative to one another for rotation about said axis, said outer gear including internal teeth
arranged circumferentially about said first axis and facing said axis, and said inner gear including at least one tooth engaging
member facing away from said first axis and selectively moveable into and out of engagement with said internal teeth so as
to arrest relative rotation between said inner and outer gears when engaged with said internal teeth;

a base plate configured for fixed connection to the seat cushion and a top plate configured for fixed connection to the backrest,
said base plate being fixedly joined to one of said inner and outer gears, and said top plate being fixedly joined to the
other of said inner and outer gears of said recliner mechanism for relative arcuate displacement about said first axis;

a retainer configured for fixed connection to said outer gear; and
wherein said retainer plate is configured to retain said inner gear laterally with respect to said outer gear,
wherein the retainer has an outer flange including at least one detent extending toward said base plate and wherein said base
plate includes maximum travel stops for interaction with said detent on the retainer, and in operation, in the event that
the rotation of said base plate to backrest of the seat exceeds a predetermined limit, said detent bottoms-out on said maximum
travel stops to aid with stopping the rotation.

US Pat. No. 9,092,634

VEHICLE BATTERY DATA STORAGE AND ACCESS SYSTEM AND METHOD

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A storage battery, comprising:
a radiofrequency tag mounted on or in a component of the storage battery, wherein the radiofrequency tag comprises:
a first dataset comprising information associated with a sale or a manufacture of the storage battery, wherein the storage
battery is configured to assist in one or more operations of a vehicle, and wherein the first dataset is encrypted with a
first encryption key; and

a second dataset comprising information associated with the storage battery, wherein the second dataset is different from
the first dataset, wherein the second dataset is encrypted with a second encryption key that is different than the first encryption
key.

US Pat. No. 9,248,763

ENERGY MANAGEMENT FEATURE FOR VEHICLE SEATING

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A vehicle seating system, comprising:
a first link having a first end rotatably coupled to a base;
a second link having a first end rotatably coupled to the base;
a main tube extending between a second end of the first link and a second end of the second link, wherein the main tube is
configured to transfer torque between the first and second links; and

an energy management feature configured to facilitate rotation of the first link relative to the second link if a torque applied
to the main tube exceeds a threshold value.

US Pat. No. 9,153,802

SECONDARY BATTERY

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A battery cover adapted for correct assembly on a battery housing comprising an outer surface having a longitudinal centerline
and a transverse centerline perpendicular to the longitudinal centerline, a first bushing having an aperture with a first
circumference that mates with a corresponding first circumference of a positive cast-on-strap post and a second bushing having
a second circumference that mates with a corresponding second circumference of a negative cast-on-strap post, the second circumference
being different from the first circumference, and the first bushing and second bushing being carried by the cover and positioned
on opposite sides of the longitudinal and transverse centerlines.

US Pat. No. 9,907,214

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR AIR CONDITIONING A BUILDING USING AN ENERGY RECOVERY WHEEL

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A system for air conditioning a building, the system comprising:
a rotatable energy recovery wheel configured to rotate successively through a first air stream and a second air stream separate
from the first air stream, wherein the energy recovery wheel is configured to transfer heat between the first air stream and
the second air stream, wherein at least one of the first air stream and the second air stream is a recirculated air stream;

a refrigeration circuit configured to circulate a refrigerant through a cooling coil arranged in the first air stream and
through a condenser arranged in the second air stream, wherein the refrigeration circuit includes a pressure sensor configured
to measure a pressure of the refrigerant at the condenser;

a first temperature sensor configured to measure a first temperature of the recirculated air stream upstream of the energy
recovery wheel and a second temperature sensor configured to measure a second temperature of the recirculated air stream downstream
of the energy recovery wheel; and

a controller configured to receive measurements from the pressure sensor and the first and second temperature sensors, wherein
the controller is configured to operate the energy recovery wheel and the refrigeration circuit based on the measured pressure
of the refrigerant at the condenser and the measured temperatures of the recirculated air stream, wherein operating the energy
recovery wheel and the refrigeration circuit comprises:

calculating a temperature differential of the recirculated air stream across the energy recovery wheel by subtracting the
first temperature from the second temperature;

activating or deactivating the energy recovery wheel based on the calculated temperature differential of the recirculated
air stream across the energy recovery wheel; and

activating or deactivating the refrigeration circuit based on the calculated temperature differential of the recirculated
air stream across the energy recovery wheel.

US Pat. No. 9,279,596

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DAMPER PERFORMANCE DIAGNOSTICS

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A computerized method for diagnosing a damper condition in a flow control unit, the method comprising:
providing a control signal to a damper, wherein the control signal instructs the damper to move into a target position or
to achieve a target flow rate through the flow control unit;

obtaining a differential pressure value using a measurement from a pressure sensor of the flow control unit;
using the differential pressure value and the control signal to conduct a damper performance diagnostic process including
an improperly-sized damper diagnostic process; and

outputting a result of the damper performance diagnostic process to at least one of: a user interface device, a local memory,
and communications electronics;

wherein the improperly-sized damper diagnostic process comprises:
receiving a damper size parameter;
instructing the damper to move into an operating position and using a measurement from the pressure sensor to determine a
measured differential pressure, wherein the measurement is obtained after instructing the damper to move into the operating
position;

estimating an expected differential pressure based on the damper size parameter and the operating position;
calculating a difference between the measured differential pressure and the expected differential pressure; and
diagnosing an improperly-sized damper condition in response to the difference exceeding a differential pressure threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,235,657

SYSTEM IDENTIFICATION AND MODEL DEVELOPMENT

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A computer-implemented method for identifying model parameters including system parameters and Kalman gain parameters in
a dynamic model of a building system, the method comprising:
receiving, at a controller for the building system, training data including input data and output data, wherein the input
data includes a setpoint applied as a controlled input to the building system, wherein the output data measures a state or
linear combination of states of the building system in response to both the setpoint and an extraneous disturbance, wherein
the extraneous disturbance comprises an uncontrolled thermal input to the building system that affects the state or linear
combination of states measured by the output data;

performing, by the controller, a two-stage optimization process to identify the system parameters and the Kalman gain parameters,
the two-stage optimization process comprising:

a first stage in which the controller filters the training data to remove an effect of the extraneous disturbance from the
output data and uses the filtered training data to identify the system parameters, wherein the system parameters describe
energy transfer characteristics of the building system, and

a second stage in which the controller uses the non-filtered training data to identify the Kalman gain parameters, wherein
the Kalman gain parameters account for the extraneous disturbance; and

using the dynamic model to generate, by the controller, a new setpoint for the building system, wherein the building system
uses the new setpoint to affect the state or linear combination of states measured by the output data.

US Pat. No. 9,227,540

HEIGHT- AND/OR INCLINATION-ADJUSTABLE HEAD RESTRAINT FOR A VEHICLE SEAT

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A head restraint that is adjustable with respect to at least one of height and inclination for a vehicle seat, comprising:
at least one holding element;
a head restraint cushion;
a head restraint structure; and
an inclination-adjustment mechanism which comprises at least one latching plate, a toothed profile and an actuating element,
wherein the latching plate is arranged on the holding element,
wherein the latching plate engages with the toothed profile such that the inclination adjustment mechanism is in a locked
state,

wherein the latching plate disengages from the toothed profile such that the inclination adjustment mechanism is in an unlocked
state,

wherein the toothed profile is arranged on the head restraint structure, and
wherein the head restraint structure at its lower end is coupled pivotably to the holding element, and, upon pivoting the
head restraint about the holding element in the non-locked state of the inclination-adjustment mechanism, the connection between
the latching plate and the toothed profile is released such that a relative movement is brought about between the latching
plate and the toothed profile,

wherein the toothed profile is linearly movable with respect to the latching plate to release the connection between the toothed
profile and the latching plate.

US Pat. No. 9,217,592

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR VARIABLE REFRIGERANT CHILLER OPERATION

Johnson Controls Technolo...

16. A method for controlling cooling capacity of a chiller system having a compressor, a condenser and an evaporator connected
in a closed refrigerant loop, the method comprising:
providing a refrigerant vessel for a chiller system;
connecting the refrigerant vessel and an outlet line from the refrigerant vessel to the evaporator;
connecting an inlet line to the refrigerant vessel to the condenser, the inlet line including a first valve to control flow
of refrigerant in the inlet line and the outlet line including a second valve to control flow of refrigerant in the outlet
line;

monitoring a parameter associated with the compressor for indication of a surge condition in the chiller system;
in response to receiving an indication of an impending surge condition, directly observing a refrigerant liquid level in the
evaporator with respect to surge indication frequency, and

adjusting the capacity of the chiller system in response to a change in the refrigerant liquid level in the evaporator, a
chamber in fluid communication with the evaporator; and a fluid level sensor disposed within the chamber to provide a direct
measurement of the refrigerant level to the controller;

counting the number of surges occurring within a predetermined interval;
incrementing a surge count when a surge is indicated;
comparing the surge count with a surge count threshold; and
in response to the surge count exceeding the surge count threshold:
observing a liquid refrigerant level in the evaporator with respect to a target refrigerant level; and
in response to observing no change in the liquid refrigerant level over the predetermined interval, returning to the step
of monitoring a parameter associated with the compressor and monitoring a motor current for surge indication.

US Pat. No. 9,196,009

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETECTING CHANGES IN ENERGY USAGE IN A BUILDING

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A building management system in a building, comprising:
a plurality of sensors distributed throughout the building and configured to measure one or more environmental variables,
the plurality of sensors comprising a temperature sensor that measures a temperature variable and a humidity sensor that measures
a humidity variable, wherein the plurality of sensors generate sensor data representing the measured environmental variables;

a controller comprising a communications interface configured to receive the sensor data from the plurality of sensors and
a processing circuit coupled to the communications interface;

the processing circuit comprising an enthalpy module configured to calculate an enthalpy variable using the temperature variable
and the humidity variable;

the processing circuit further comprising a regression analysis module configured to generate an energy usage model for the
building using the calculated enthalpy variable, wherein energy usage model includes one or more model coefficients based
on the sensor data;

the processing circuit further comprising a facility monitoring module configured to automatically identify a change in the
building's energy usage model using new sensor data received from the temperature sensor and the humidity sensor, wherein
the energy usage model expresses the building's energy consumption as a function of one or more predictor variables and the
one or more model coefficients, and wherein the change in the building's energy usage model is a change in at least one of
the model coefficients resulting from the new temperature sensor data and humidity sensor data;

wherein the facility monitoring module comprises:
a test statistic module configured to compare a coefficient of the energy usage model to a calculated energy model coefficient
for a more recent time period and to use a difference between the model coefficients to create a test statistic,

a critical value module configured to determine whether the test statistic exceeds a critical value and to determine that
an identified change in the building's energy usage model has occurred in response to the test statistic exceeding the critical
value, and

a reporting module configured to communicate the identified change in the building's energy usage model to a module for initiating
an adjustment to the energy model for the building in response to the identified change;

the processing circuit further comprising a building control module that uses the adjusted energy model to generate and transmit
control parameters via the communications interface; and

one or more mechanical building devices that affect an environmental variable inside the building by operation of one or more
electro-mechanical or hydraulic elements in response to the transmitted control parameters.

US Pat. No. 9,291,166

MOTOR COOLING SYSTEM

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A cooling system provided for a motor powering a compressor in a vapor compression system further comprising a condenser
and an evaporator, the cooling system comprising:
a housing enclosing the motor;
a cavity located within the housing;
a fluid circuit having a first connection with the housing configured to provide a liquid or two phase cooling fluid from
the condenser to the motor, the two phase cooling fluid being separable into a vapor phase portion and a liquid phase portion,
the fluid circuit further having a second connection with the housing to remove cooling fluid in fluid communication with
the fluid circuit, cooling fluid flowing from the first connection to the second connection being prevented from being circulated
inside the housing to the motor components that are movable with respect to the housing, the cooling fluid conveyed through
the second connection being two phase cooling fluid, the fluid circuit further having a third connection with the housing
for receiving and circulating in the cavity the vapor phase portion conveyed through the second connection; and

a conduit positioned between the second connection and the third connection for conveying two phase cooling fluid therebetween;
wherein the conduit includes a vessel positioned upstream of the evaporator for separating the liquid phase portion from the
vapor phase portion exiting the housing from the second connection, the only inlet path leading cooling fluid to the vessel
being that extending from the second connection with the housing to the vessel;

wherein the vessel defines a compartment for separating the liquid phase portion from the vapor phase portion exiting the
housing from the second connection;

wherein the compartment is positioned interior of the housing.

US Pat. No. 9,487,090

DUAL ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM FOR MICRO HYBRID VEHICLES

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. An energy storage system of a vehicle, comprising:
a first energy storage device configured to couple to one or more electrical accessories of the vehicle;
a second energy storage device configured to couple to one or more of a starter unit, generator, or motor of the vehicle;
a voltage and current regulator device coupled to the first energy storage device and the second energy storage device configured
to transfer electrical energy bidirectionally between the first energy storage device and second energy storage device;

a control unit for controlling the voltage and current regulator device, wherein the control unit is configured to receive
a signal based on an operation mode of the vehicle from a vehicle control unit; and

a plurality of sensing devices for sensing current input signals and voltage input signals to the first energy storage device,
the second energy storage device, or both;

wherein the control unit is configured to recharge the second energy storage device and power the one or more electrical accessories
of the vehicle with the first energy storage device when:

the operation mode is in a charging mode; and
a state of charge of the second energy storage device is less than a first predetermined threshold value;
wherein the control unit is configured to recharge the first energy storage device and the second energy storage device and
power the one or more electrical accessories with the generator when:

the operation mode is in the charging mode;
the state of charge of the second energy storage device is greater than or equal to the first predetermined threshold value;
and

the state of charge of the second energy storage device is greater than a second predetermined threshold value;
wherein the control unit is configured to connect the first energy storage device to the second energy storage device, charge
the first energy storage device with the second energy storage device, and power the one or more accessories with the second
energy storage device when:

the operation mode is in a key-off mode; and
the state of charge of the second energy storage device is greater than a third predetermined threshold value;
wherein the control unit is configured to disconnect the first energy storage device from the second energy storage device
when:

the operation mode is in the key-off mode;
the state of charge of the second energy storage device is less than or equal to the third predetermined threshold value;
and

the state of charge of the second energy storage device is less than a fourth predetermined threshold value.

US Pat. No. 9,429,927

SMART BUILDING MANAGER

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A building manager comprising:
a communications interface configured to receive time-of-use pricing information from a smart energy grid; and
a processing circuit comprising a processor and non-transitory computer-readable medium with instructions executable by the
processor stored thereon, the non-transitory computer-readable medium comprising:

an integrated control layer configured to receive inputs from a plurality of building subsystems and to provide outputs to
the plurality of building subsystems, the integrated control layer including a plurality of control algorithm modules configured
to process the inputs and to determine the outputs; and

a demand response layer configured to process the time-of-use pricing information received from the smart energy grid to determine
adjusted setpoints for the plurality of control algorithm modules of the integrated control layer, the adjusted setpoints
comprising setpoint energy transfer rates into thermal energy storage tanks and out of thermal energy storage tanks;

wherein the integrated control layer is configured to use the setpoint energy transfer rates to generate control signals for
the plurality of building subsystems and provide the control signals as the outputs to the plurality of building subsystems.

US Pat. No. 9,490,503

ELECTROLYTE FORMULATIONS FOR LITHIUM ION BATTERIES

WILDCAT DISCOVERY TECHNOL...

1. A lithium ion battery cell with improved low temperature impedance performance, comprising:
a first electrode;
a second electrode comprising lithium titanate; and
an electrolyte solution, the electrolyte solution comprising a high dielectric solvent formulation including sulfolane and
optionally propylene carbonate and a low viscosity solvent comprising at least one of methyl butyrate or methyl trimethyl
acetate.

US Pat. No. 9,466,858

ELECTROLYTE FORMULATIONS FOR LITHIUM ION BATTERIES

WILDCAT DISCOVERY TECHNOL...

1. A lithium ion battery cell with improved low temperature impedance performance, comprising:
a first electrode;
a second electrode comprising lithium titanate; and
an electrolyte solution, the electrolyte solution comprising a high dielectric solvent formulation including sulfolane and
optionally propylene carbonate and a low viscosity solvent comprising at least one of methyl butyrate or methyl trimethyl
acetate.

US Pat. No. 9,278,634

VEHICLE SEAT

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A vehicle seat comprising:
a seat component; and
a backrest comprising a shell structure, wherein the shell structure is elastically deformable, the shell structure is formed
at least partially from plastic, and the shell structure is molded to correspond to a contour of a body;

wherein the shell structure comprises a central part and side wings, the side wings are arranged on the shell structure in
an elastically resilient manner, the side wings are configured to yield and to provide resistance while the vehicle seat is
occupied, the side wings are configured to regain an initial shape when the vehicle seat is vacated, and the side wings are
configured to deform in response to changing load conditions;

wherein the side wings are partially separated from the central part by approximately vertically extending slots extending
from a lower edge of the shell structure as far as an upper third of the shell structure, a widened arcuate rounded portion
is formed at an upper end of each approximately vertically extending slot to reduce stress concentration, the backrest comprises
fastening points on a rear face of the side wings proximate to the lower edge of the shell structure, and the fastening points
are configured to attach the side wings to a frame part and to a transverse tube extending between backrest inclination adjusters
of the vehicle seat.

US Pat. No. 9,355,069

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETERMINING THE UNCERTAINTY IN PARAMETERS OF AN ENERGY USE MODEL

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A method for determining an uncertainty in parameters of a building energy use model, the method comprising:
receiving an energy use model for a building site, the energy use model having one or more model parameters, wherein the energy
use model is used to predict an energy consumption of the building site as a function of the one or more model parameters
and one or more predictor variables;

calculating a gradient of an output of the energy use model with respect to the model parameters;
determining a covariance matrix using the calculated gradient; and
using the covariance matrix to identify an uncertainty of the model parameters.

US Pat. No. 9,188,993

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR SENSING DEW POINT IN A BUILDING SPACE

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A computerized method of maintaining a temperature of a surface in a building space above a dew point of the building space,
the method comprising:
calculating a dew point based on a temperature measurement and a relative humidity measurement;
estimating a safety margin associated with the dew point calculation, wherein the safety margin comprises a function of at
least one of: (a) a mathematical uncertainty associated with a measurement of at least one of the temperature of the building
space and the humidity, (b) a mathematical uncertainty associated with a rate of change of the measurement of at least one
of the temperature of the building space and the humidity, and (c) a mathematical uncertainty associated with a location of
the measurement of at least one of the temperature of the building space and the humidity;

determining a minimum temperature of the surface, wherein the minimum temperature is a function of the dew point and the safety
margin; and

commanding a first component of a building automation system to adjust a current temperature of the surface to be greater
than the minimum temperature.

US Pat. No. 9,180,797

VEHICLE SEAT

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A vehicle seat comprising:
a seat part, moveable between a first usage position and a first stowed position;
a backrest, moveable between a second usage position and a second stowed position;
a sensor rotatable about a first horizontal rotational axis and arranged on a fitting part, wherein the sensor is configured
to detect a position of the seat part;

a cam disk configured to be activated by the sensor in response to detection of the seat part in the first usage position,
wherein the cam disk is arranged on the fitting part and, upon activation, is configured to transmit rotational movement to
a rotary member that limits a rotational angle of the backrest;

a guide arm positioned between the sensor and the cam disk, wherein the guide arm is configured to rotate the cam disk about
a second horizontal rotational axis; and

a pawl rotatably coupled to a rotary part and configured to rotate about a third horizontal rotational axis, wherein the pawl
comprises a roller configured to engage a guide surface of the cam disk, and the pawl is configured to be mechanically coupled
to the rotary member upon activation of the cam disk via engagement of a coupling slot of the pawl and a stop pin of the rotary
member;

wherein the rotary part is coupled to a bearing, and the bearing is coupled to the backrest via a shaft such that rotation
of the backrest drives rotation of the pawl.

US Pat. No. 9,093,700

BATTERY TERMINAL COVER

Johnson Controls Technolo...

2. A battery terminal post cover comprising:
a body comprised of a base having a first and second section, a first section which is sized to surround a battery terminal
post, and a second section having a first height that is sized to surround a battery root integrally formed with an offset
internal cell element post, the first section contiguously connected to a single continuous tower having a second and third
height and a first and second radius which conceals a battery terminal post, wherein the first height is smaller than the
second height, the second height smaller than the third height, and the second radius is smaller than the first radius; and

a retention device coupled to an exterior surface of and extending from the body such that the retention device is accessible
when the body is positioned over the battery terminal post concealing the post, the retention device providing a temporary
storage area for a later used fastener by being received by an aperture in the fastener.

US Pat. No. 9,287,579

BATTERY CELL WITH INTEGRATED HEAT FIN

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A system, comprising:
a battery cell, comprising:
an internal heat fin;
a first electrically insulating layer disposed over at least a portion of a single side of the internal heat fin;
an electrochemical stack disposed above the first insulating layer and the internal heat fin in a stack; and
a pouch material film configured to hermetically seal with one side of the internal heat fin or the first insulating layer
about the electrochemical stack such that the internal heat fin forms an outer boundary of the battery cell, and wherein the
pouch material film comprises a metallic foil layer disposed between a second electrically insulating layer and a third electrically
insulating layer.

US Pat. No. 9,279,166

SEAT STRUCTURAL COMPONENT TAILORED FOR STRENGTH

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A vehicle-interior-component selected from a side member of a back of a vehicle seat and, a side member which is set under
the vehicle seat, wherein the component is made from metal, which is formed and then treated entirely and/or locally in a
treated area to modify its material strength, wherein the treated area is an area where a recliner is attached to the side
member of the back of the vehicle seat or an area where the recliner is attached to the side member set under the vehicle
seat, wherein the treated area of the component includes a front section of the side member of the back of the vehicle seat
and/or of the side member set under the vehicle seat.

US Pat. No. 9,212,836

HEAT EXCHANGER

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A vapor compression system comprising:
a compressor, a condenser, an expansion device and an evaporator connected in a closed refrigerant loop; and
the condenser comprising:
a shell;
a first tube bundle;
a subcooler component comprising a center channel and at least two outer channels disposed on opposing sidewalls of the center
channel, the center channel and the at least two outer channels extending axially between first and second headers positioned
at opposed ends of the shell and conforming to the shell, the center channel and the at least two outer channels being in
direct contact with both the first header and the second header, each of the at least two outer channels having an inlet for
permitting refrigerant flow into a corresponding outer channel;

at least a portion of a wall of each of the at least two outer channels having the inlet being spaced apart from the shell;
each outer channel having an outer portion opposite the sidewall of the center channel and an inner portion facing the sidewall
of the center channel, the height of the inner portion being greater than the height of the outer portion;

a second tube bundle positioned within and surrounded by the center channel, the second tube bundle being operable to circulate
a fluid to exchange heat with refrigerant liquid flowing through the center channel from the at least two outer channels;
and

each inlet configured to permit refrigerant liquid to enter the corresponding outer channel, refrigerant liquid flowing through
the outer channel to an end of the outer channel adjacent one of the first header and the second header, refrigerant liquid
then entering a passageway positioned at the end of the outer channel to permit flow of refrigerant liquid through the center
channel, an axial direction of flow of the refrigerant liquid through the outer channel being opposite an axial direction
flow of refrigerant liquid in the center channel;

wherein the center channel has an outlet for discharging refrigerant liquid from the condenser.

US Pat. No. 9,189,527

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR FACILITATING COMMUNICATION BETWEEN A PLURALITY OF BUILDING AUTOMATION SUBSYSTEMS

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A computer-implemented system for facilitating communication between a plurality of building automation subsystems and
a plurality of applications, comprising:
an ontology database storing an ontological model of a building automation system (BAS), wherein the ontological model defines
multiple different BAS object types, relationships between the BAS object types, and attributes of the BAS object types;

a fact database storing instance values for the plurality of building automation subsystems, wherein the fact database stores
each instance value with an indexed hash value and a projected semantic type string, wherein the projected semantic type string
identifies a particular attribute of the ontological model described by the stored instance value and represents a portion
of the ontological model that provides semantic type information for the stored instance value; and

a messaging engine configured to receive a message from one of the disparate building automation subsystems and for one of
the plurality of applications, the message comprising a subsystem specific type string, wherein the messaging engine is configured
to use the subsystem specific type string as an input to a hashing function which resolves the subsystem specific type string
to an indexed hash value and to use the indexed hash value resolved by the hashing function to retrieve a corresponding projected
semantic type string from the fact database, wherein the messaging engine is configured to transform the message into a standard
format, to append the retrieved projected semantic type string to the transformed message, and to provide the transformed
message to one of the plurality of applications.

US Pat. No. 9,181,895

START-STOP RETROFIT SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A start-stop retrofit kit, comprising:
a start-stop module configured to monitor one or more parameters of a vehicle and to automatically stop and start an engine
of the vehicle based on the one or more parameters; and

a wire harness configured to couple the start-stop module to the vehicle, wherein the wire harness comprises:
a first portion configured to plug into an ignition interface of the vehicle;
a second portion configured to plug into a starter motor of the vehicle;
a switch disposed between the first portion and the second portion, wherein the switch is configured to be selectively activated
by the start-stop module to deliver signals from the ignition interface to the starter motor to start the engine of the vehicle;

a connection disposed between the first portion and the second portion, in parallel with the switch, wherein the connection
is configured to allow the ignition interface to provide signals directly to the starter motor to start the engine without
activation of the switch.

US Pat. No. 9,097,447

METHODS AND CONTROLLERS FOR PROVIDING A SURGE MAP FOR THE MONITORING AND CONTROL OF CHILLERS

JOHNSON CONTROLS TECHNOLO...

1. A computerized method for controlling a chiller, comprising:
using processing electronics of a controller for the chiller to detect a plurality of chiller surge events;
using the processing electronics to create a surge map by calculating and plotting a point for each detected surge event in
an at least two dimensional coordinate system that describes conditions of the chiller associated with the detected surge
event;

wherein two conditions of the chiller associated with the detected surge event are described in the at least two dimensional
coordinate system by two distinct axes;

wherein a third condition of the chiller associated with the detected surge event is described in the at least two dimensional
coordinate system by a non-axis graphical representation;

causing an electronic display to display the surge map;
using the processing electronics to identify an outlier plotted on the surge map, wherein identifying the outlier plotted
on the surge map comprises:

evaluating a first region surrounding a potential outlier and determining whether the point is a maximum in any of the three
graphically represented chiller conditions;

in response to a determination that the point is a maximum, subtracting the point from the mean of all points within the first
region; and

identifying the potential point as the outlier in response to a determination that the result of the subtraction is greater
than three standard deviations within the first region; and

causing the electronic display to graphically identify the outlier on the surge map.

US Pat. No. 9,081,445

DISPLAY AND USER INTERFACE

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A control system comprising:
a display configured to display information to a user, the displayed information including a control region and a non-control
region;

a light sensor configured to receive light as it is reflected by an object approaching the control region or the non-control
region and to output a signal in response to the received light; and

a processing circuit configured to
receive a signal based on the signal output from the light sensor,
differentiate between the control region and the non-control region,
determine whether the object is approaching the control region or the non-control region,
process the received signal to determine whether the control region has been actuated based on a characteristic of the light
received by the light sensor, and

record a time at which the light sensor receives the reflected light and compare the recorded time to a time at which pixels
corresponding to the control region are illuminated.

US Pat. No. 9,290,147

AIRBAG CONTROL ASSEMBLY

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. An airbag control assembly for an adjustable vehicle seat in a vehicle, comprising:
electrical wiring forming at least a portion of a circuit configured to transmit electricity from a vehicle power supply of
the vehicle to an airbag;

an airbag mechanism configured to cause enabling and disabling of the airbag,
wherein the airbag mechanism is configured to cause enabling of the airbag if the seat is in a usable position,
wherein the airbag mechanism is configured to cause disabling of the airbag if the seat is in an unusable position,
wherein the airbag mechanism includes a switch that controls the flow of electricity to the airbag,
wherein moving the seat to the usable position moves the switch to close the circuit such that electricity can flow to the
airbag,

wherein moving the seat to the unusable position moves the switch to open the circuit such that electricity cannot flow to
the airbag.

US Pat. No. 9,283,737

JOINING PROCESS FOR THE COHESIVE CONNECTION, IN SECTIONS, OF AT LEAST TWO COMPONENTS

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A joining process for a cohesive connection of at least two components, comprising:
cohesively connecting a profile component, which has at least one substantially planar flange region, to a shaped component
by

stamping a two-dimensional portion of the shaped component to introduce at least one stamped portion into the shaped component,
wherein the stamped portion is configured to receive the planar flange region of the profile component,

disposing an adhesive between the profile component and the shaped component only in the stamped portion,
placing the substantially planar flange region of the profile component onto the stamped portion of the shaped component,
wherein an entire width of the stamped portion corresponds to an entire width of the planar flange region,
wherein the height of the stamped portion corresponds to a minimum layer thickness of the adhesive.
US Pat. No. 9,243,120

POLYURETHANE FOAM FORMULATION, PRODUCTS AND METHODS

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A method of making an open cell, molded polyurethane foam object, comprising:
reacting a reaction mixture in a mold to produce a reaction product, wherein the reaction mixture comprises:
a base polyol having a molecular weight of from 5000 to 10000 and a monol content of less than 10% by weight;
an isocyanate;
a surfactant; and
water;
curing the reaction product in the mold;
removing the reaction product from the mold; and
crushing the reaction product by performing a crushing step, wherein the crushing step comprises first compressing the reaction
product to about 50% of its original height, then compressing the reaction product to about 90% of its original height, and
then again compressing the reaction product to about 90% of its original height to generate an open cell, polyurethane foam
material having a comfort value of less than 13.0, and the comfort value is the natural frequency multipled by the peak measured
transmissivity.

US Pat. No. 9,211,861

AIRBAG DEPLOYMENT DEVICE

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. An airbag system comprising:
a seat frame;
an airbag module;
a fastener assembly coupling said airbag module to said seat frame;
a force cloth surrounding said airbag module;
an isolator disposed between said frame and said airbag module and isolating said frame from said airbag module and said force
cloth;

said isolator including at least one spacer disposed between said seat frame and said airbag module and a sheet mechanically
locked to said spacer to prevent movement therebetween for isolating said force cloth from said frame; and

said sheet of said isolator being directly attached with said force cloth separate from said fastener assembly.

US Pat. No. 9,471,722

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR EVALUATING A FAULT CONDITION IN A BUILDING

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A method for evaluating a change in a building's energy consumption comprising:
receiving an identifier for a change to the building, the identifier comprising at least one of a fault identifier and an
identifier for an energy conservation measure;

detecting, by a processing circuit, a change in heat transfer related parameters due to the change to the building;
determining, by the processing circuit, a mapping between the change in the heat transfer related parameters and a change
in building energy use model parameters, the building energy use model parameters being used in a building energy use model
that models the energy consumption of the building; and

calculating, by the processing circuit, a change in the energy consumption of the building using the building energy use model
and the change in the building energy use model parameters that results from the change to the building.

US Pat. No. 9,466,857

ELECTROLYTE FORMULATIONS FOR LITHIUM ION BATTERIES

WILDCAT DISCOVERY TECHNOL...

1. A electrolyte formulation, comprising:
a lithium salt;
an organic solvent; and
an additive comprising 4-nitrophenyl 2-(trimethylsilyl)ethyl carbonate.

US Pat. No. 9,440,558

HINGE MECHANISM FOR A VEHICLE SEAT AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A VEHICLE SEAT

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A vehicle seat, comprising:
a hinge mechanism that includes:
an actuation lever and
a release lever;
a redirection lever and a redirection rod which is connected thereto at an end side;
a first operating element for a folding-over operation of a backrest in the direction toward a seat member when the seat member
is in a fixed position; and

a separate second operating element for folding over the backrest and pivoting the seat member,
wherein,
in the event of actuation of the first operating element, the redirection lever is able to be coupled to the first operating
element for entrainment in such a manner that the redirecting rod opens the hinge mechanism or,

when the second operating element is actuated, the element opens the hinge mechanism, and the actuation lever is coupleable
to the release lever for entrainment in such a manner that the vehicle seat is unlockable at a floor side.

US Pat. No. 9,135,667

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR BUILDING ENERGY USE BENCHMARKING

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A method for using an energy use model of a building comprising:
receiving, at a processing circuit, building data indicative of one or more characteristics of the building;
generating, by the processing circuit, an energy use model for the building based on the building data;
using the energy use model to generate statistics for the building, the statistics comprising one or more values derived from
the energy use model;

identifying, by the processing circuit, one or more other buildings having a same classification as the building, each of
the one or more other buildings having associated statistics generated from energy use models;

comparing, by the processing circuit, the generated statistics for the building to statistics for the identified one or more
other buildings; and

providing, by the processing circuit, an indication of the comparison.

US Pat. No. 9,373,428

FLEXIBLE DEVICE FOR ELECTRICALLY CONNECTING AN ELECTRIC COMPONENT AND A PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD TOGETHER, SYSTEM, AND METHOD FOR MOUNTING A SYSTEM

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A flexible electrical connecting device for a flexible electrical connection between an electrical component and a printed
circuit board, the flexible electrical connecting device comprising:
a first contact region made at one end of the flexible electrical connecting device in a main extension direction of the flexible
electrical connecting device;

a second contact region made at the other end of the flexible electrical connecting device in the main extension direction;
and

a plurality of conductive tracks which are insulated between the first contact region and the second contact region and are
uninsulated in the first contact region and in the second contact region;

wherein the flexible electrical connecting device includes a stiffening element or the flexible electrical connecting device
is associated with a supporting element,

wherein the electrical component is in direct electrical contact with the flexible electrical connecting device and in direct
electrical connection with at least two of the plurality of conductive tracks in the first contact region; and

wherein the electrical component is a switch including a contact element which is in direct electrical connection with the
at least two of the plurality of the conductive tracks in the first contact re ion when the switch is depressed and wherein
the switch further comprises an edge element which is associated with the contact element, wherein the edge element is configured
to carry out the functionality of the switch, wherein the edge element comprises a flexible material.

US Pat. No. 9,230,390

VEHICLE BATTERY POINT OF SALE SYSTEM AND METHOD

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A vehicle battery distribution system, comprising:
a cabinet configured to hold, for purchase, at least a first type of battery having a first physical configuration and a second
type of battery having a second physical configuration different than the first physical configuration, wherein the cabinet
includes corresponding first and second doors having first and second physical configurations accommodative of the first and
second physical configurations of the first and second types of batteries, respectively, and wherein the first and second
doors are selectively secured from opening and freed to open for respective extraction of the first and second types of batteries
from the cabinet;

an inventory management component that detects data for batteries disposed in the cabinet for replenishment of batteries based
upon purchases;

a user interface associated with the cabinet and configured to facilitate battery purchase transactions for the purchase of
batteries disposed in the cabinet; and

a control system coupled to the user interface and to the first and second doors and configured to control securing and freeing
of the first and second doors in response to the battery purchase transactions.

US Pat. No. 9,151,540

MULTICHANNEL HEAT EXCHANGER TUBES WITH FLOW PATH INLET SECTIONS

Johnson Controls Technolo...

7. A heat exchanger tube, comprising
a top wall;
a bottom wall disposed generally opposite from the top wall;
a pair of side walls extending between the top and bottom walls and separated by a width of the heat exchanger tube;
a plurality of generally parallel flow paths spaced from one another along the width and extending along a length of the heat
exchanger tube from a first end to a second end opposite of the first end, wherein the plurality of generally parallel flow
paths are enclosed by the top wall, the bottom wall, and the side walls in a fluid section of the heat exchanger tube, and
are separated from one another by partitions extending along the length, and wherein each of the plurality of generally parallel
flow paths is surrounded by the top wall, the bottom wall, and at least one partition of the partitions in the fluid flow
sections; and

an inlet section comprising a slanted tube end, wherein the bottom wall extends past the top wall, and wherein the partitions
comprise angled ends that connect the bottom wall to the top wall within the inlet section, wherein the slanted tube end comprises
a first section in which only a portion of the bottom wall is removed along a width of the inlet section to expose a group
of flow paths of the plurality of generally parallel flow paths within the inlet section.

US Pat. No. 9,092,435

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR EXTRACTION OF META DATA FROM A DIGITAL MEDIA STORAGE DEVICE FOR MEDIA SELECTION IN A VEHICLE

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A method for extracting meta data from media devices in a vehicle over a communication link between a control module of
the vehicle and the media devices, the method comprising:
establishing a first communication link between the control module of the vehicle and a first media device;
identifying a first plurality of media files on the first media device;
extracting first meta data from the first plurality of media files, the first meta data including a first plurality of entries,
wherein at least one of the first plurality of entries includes text data;

identifying the text data in entries of the first meta data of the first plurality of media files;
storing the first plurality of entries in a non-volatile memory as a first database of entries of meta data pertaining to
the first plurality of media files and having a unique identifier associated with the first media device;

establishing a second communication link between the control module of the vehicle and a second media device;
identifying a second plurality of media files on the second media device;
extracting second meta data from the second plurality of media files, the second meta data including a second plurality of
entries, wherein at least one of the second plurality of entries includes text data;

identifying the text data in entries of the second meta data of the plurality of media files; and
storing the second plurality of entries in the non-volatile memory as a second database of meta data pertaining to the second
plurality of media files and having a unique identifier associated with the second media device,

wherein the second database of the second plurality of entries of meta data is only accessible to a user of the control system
when the second media device is connected with the control module via the second communication link and the control module
receives the second unique identifier corresponding with the second media device, and wherein the first database of the first
plurality of entries of meta data is only accessible to the user of the control system when the first media device is connected
with the control module via the first communication link and the control module receives the unique identifier corresponding
with the first media device.

US Pat. No. 9,347,715

VAPOR COMPRESSION SYSTEM

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A vapor compression system comprising:
a compressor, a condenser, an expansion device and an evaporator connected by a refrigerant line;
the evaporator comprising:
a shell;
a first tube bundle;
a hood;
a distributor;
a first supply line;
a second supply line;
a valve positioned in the second supply line; and
a sensor;
wherein the first tube bundle comprises a plurality of tubes extending substantially horizontally in the shell;
wherein the distributor is positioned above the first tube bundle;
wherein the hood covers the first tube bundle;
wherein the first supply line is connected to the distributor and an end of the second supply line is positioned near the
hood;

wherein the sensor is configured and positioned to sense a level of liquid refrigerant in the shell; and
wherein the valve is configured and positioned to regulate flow in the second supply line in response to a sensed level of
liquid refrigerant from the level sensor.

US Pat. No. 9,233,627

ELECTRO-MECHANICAL PUSH BUTTON VEHICLE SEAT ACTUATION MECHANISM

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A seat for use in a vehicle, the seat comprising:
a seat base having a cushion and a seat back pivotably coupled to the seat base by a recliner mechanism, such that the seat
back can be pivoted in a forward and rearward direction relative to the seat base;

a track assembly coupled to the vehicle and the seat that moves the seat in the forward and rearward directions relative to
the vehicle,

a first electromechanical push button actuator located on the seat, the first actuator operable to actuate the seat such that
the seat is moved from a use position to an easy entry position in which the seat back is tipped in a forward direction and
the seat is slid forward on the track assembly;

a second actuator operable to actuate the seat such that the seat is moved from a use position to a fold flat position in
which the seat back is folded forward and rests flat on a top surface of the cushion;

an energy storage device for storing energy generated from movement of the seat and selectively releasing stored energy to
assist in repositioning the seat when at least one of the first and second actuators is actuated;

a force transmitting device having one end connected to the first actuator and a second end connected to the recliner mechanism,
such that energizing the first actuator actuates the force transmitting device to release the recliner mechanism and move
the seat from the use position to the easy entry position; and

an energy storage bypass mechanism that prevents release of stored energy from the energy storage device when the seat is
occupied and enables release of stored energy from the energy storage device when the seat is not occupied.

US Pat. No. 9,438,113

DC-DC CONVERTOR FOR BATTERIES HAVING MULTIPLE POSITIVE TERMINALS

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A battery module, comprising:
a first positive terminal;
a ground terminal;
a power assembly comprising a plurality of pouch battery cells coupled in series and disposed in a stacked orientation relative
to each other and configured to output a first voltage between the first positive terminal and the ground terminal, a power
conversion circuit electrically coupled to the power assembly configured to receive the first voltage as an input and to output
a second voltage different from the first voltage; and

a second positive terminal electrically coupled to the power conversion circuit to receive the second voltage from the power
conversion circuit

wherein the plurality of pouch battery cells is divided into battery cell groups, wherein each of the battery cell groups
is configured to provide the second voltage, and

wherein the power conversion circuit comprises a voltage multiplexor and a ground multiplexor that selects which of the battery
cell groups to provide the second voltage.

US Pat. No. 9,322,581

HVAC UNIT WITH HOT GAS REHEAT

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A heating, ventilating, or air conditioning system comprising:
a compressor configured to compress a gaseous refrigerant to provide compressed refrigerant;
a first condenser configured to receive and to condense a first portion of the compressed refrigerant in a first mode of system
operation and a second mode of system operation to provide a first portion of condensed refrigerant;

a second condenser configured to receive and to condense a second portion of the compressed refrigerant and to operate in
parallel with the first condenser in the first mode of system operation to provide a second portion of condensed refrigerant,
wherein the system is configured to bypass the second condenser with the second portion of the compressed refrigerant in the
second mode of system operation;

at least one expansion device configured to receive and to reduce pressure of the first portion of condensed refrigerant from
the first condenser along with a portion of cooled refrigerant in the second mode of system operation to provide expanded
refrigerant and configured to receive and reduce pressure of the first and second portions of the condensed refrigerant from
the first and the second condensers in the first mode of system operation to provide the expanded refrigerant;

an evaporator configured to evaporate the expanded refrigerant to provide evaporated refrigerant prior to returning the evaporated
refrigerant to the compressor;

a reheat heat exchanger configured to transfer heat from the second portion of the compressed refrigerant to a fluid cooled
by the evaporator to condense the second portion of the compressed refrigerant to provide the portion of cooled refrigerant;
and

a reheat circuit configured to direct the second portion of the compressed refrigerant from the compressor to the reheat heat
exchanger.

US Pat. No. 9,062,893

SPEED ADJUSTMENT OF AN ACTUATOR FOR AN HVAC SYSTEM

JOHNSON CONTROLS TECHNOLO...

1. An actuator in an HVAC system, comprising:
a housing;
a motor;
a hub configured to receive a shaft;
an input connection configured to receive a first input signal for controlling operation of the actuator;
a user-operable mode selection switch attached to the housing and movable between a plurality of switch positions, each of
the switch positions corresponding to a distinct operating mode, wherein the plurality of switch positions include a calibration
position corresponding to a calibration mode; and

a processing circuit configured to control operation of the actuator using the first input signal, wherein moving the user-operable
mode selection switch into the calibration position sends a second input signal to the processing circuit, wherein the processing
circuit is further configured to temporarily shift the actuator from a first speed mode to a second speed mode that is faster
than the first speed mode upon receiving the second input signal and to perform a calibration process with the actuator in
the second speed mode, the calibration process comprising operating the actuator to drive the shaft through a predetermined
sequence of positions with the actuator in the second speed mode, wherein performing the calibration process with the actuator
in the second speed mode accomplishes the calibration process more quickly than if the calibration process were performed
with the actuator in the first speed mode.

US Pat. No. 9,085,238

ENERGY STORAGE CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHOD

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A system for providing power to a vehicle power network, comprising:
an energy storage device connected to the power network;
a sensor connected to the energy storage device for measuring a state of the energy storage device during a rest period, wherein
the rest period corresponds to a time span during which a current through the energy storage device is reduced to a level
that enables an estimation of a state of the energy storage device; and

a controller that receives data from the sensor and estimates the state of the energy storage device based on data, wherein
the controller establishes the rest period based on a comparison between a first cost metric associated with obtaining a new
measurement of the energy storage device and a second cost metric associated with a disruption of normal vehicle operation
during the rest period.

US Pat. No. 9,300,018

ENERGY SOURCE SYSTEM HAVING MULTIPLE ENERGY STORAGE DEVICES

Johnson Controls Technolo...

13. A method for controlling an energy source system, comprising:
receiving a first engine start signal;
determining, upon receiving the first engine start signal and based on a received input, whether energy stored in a battery
is sufficient to start an internal combustion engine associated with an electromechanical vehicle;

controlling a direct current to direct current (DC-DC) converter to transfer energy from the battery to an ultracapacitor
when the energy stored in the battery is not sufficient to start the internal combustion engine, wherein the ultracapacitor
is charged to a state sufficient to start the internal combustion engine during a time lapse between receiving the first engine
start signal and receiving a second engine start signal; and

controlling a switch coupled to the ultracapacitor to electrically couple the ultracapacitor to the internal combustion engine
to enable a first flow of energy from the ultracapacitor to the internal combustion engine to start the internal combustion
engine in place of a second flow of energy from the battery to the internal combustion engine when the energy stored in the
battery is not sufficient to start the internal combustion engine.

US Pat. No. 9,267,737

MULTICHANNEL HEAT EXCHANGERS EMPLOYING FLOW DISTRIBUTION MANIFOLDS

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A heat exchanger, comprising:
a first manifold;
a second manifold;
a distributor disposed within the first manifold to longitudinally divide the first manifold into an inlet section and a tube
distribution section; and

a plurality of multichannel tubes extending into the first manifold to form a plurality of distribution chambers within the
tube distribution section, each multichannel tube of the plurality of multichannel tubes comprising a first end abutting the
distributor in the first manifold, a second end disposed in the second manifold, a top wall, a bottom wall opposite to the
top wall, a pair of side walls extending between the top and bottom walls and separated from each other by a plurality of
generally parallel flow paths extending between the first and second ends and at least partially occluded by the distributor
at the first end, and a flow path inlet section disposed within the inlet section of the first manifold and having a first
region with only a portion of the top wall of the respective multichannel tube removed to expose the respective plurality
of generally parallel flow paths to a respective chamber of the plurality of distribution chambers and a second region with
only a portion of the bottom wall of the respective multichannel tube removed to expose the respective plurality of generally
parallel flow paths to a different respective chamber of the plurality of distribution chambers.

US Pat. No. 9,221,371

PIVOTABLE HEAD RESTRAINT

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A head restraint comprising:
a head rest element and two retaining rods, wherein the two retaining rods are configured to be mounted in a backrest of a
vehicle seat, the head rest element is configured to be reversibly moved from a use position into a stowage position, the
head rest element is configured to be locked in the use position, and the head rest element comprises a locking mechanism
having a locking device;

a transverse connector extending between the two retaining rods;
two fixed bearings coupled to the transverse connector between the two retaining rods, wherein the two fixed bearings are
spaced apart from one another along the transverse connector, wherein the head rest element is rotatably mounted to the two
fixed bearings and configured to rotate relative to the two fixed bearings about a rotation axis, each of the two fixed bearings
comprises a respective fixed recess, the locking device is moveable between a locked position and an unlocked position via
translation in a direction substantially perpendicular to the rotation axis, the locking device is configured to engage the
respective fixed recesses while in the locked position to block movement of the head rest element from the use position, the
locking device is configured to disengage the respective fixed recesses while in the unlocked position to facilitate movement
of the head rest element to the stowage position, and the locking device is biased toward the locked position; and

a rotary lever connected to the locking device, wherein the rotary lever is configured to drive the locking device to move
between the locked position and the unlocked position via rotation of the rotary lever.

US Pat. No. 9,354,968

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DATA QUALITY CONTROL AND CLEANSING

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A method for detecting and cleansing suspect building automation system data, comprising:
using processing electronics to automatically determine which of a plurality of error detectors and which of a plurality of
data cleansers to use with building automation system data;

using the processing electronics to automatically detect errors in the data and cleanse the data using a subset of the error
detectors and a subset of the cleansers;

wherein the processing electronics automatically determine which of the plurality of data cleansers to use with the building
automation system data prior to cleansing the data;

flagging a data point as suspect data if an absolute value of a rate of change in data value between the data point and a
previous data point is greater than a critical derivative; and

using a growth function to either:
(a) increase the critical derivative if the absolute value of the rate of change in data value between the data points is
greater than the critical derivative, or

(b) decrease the critical derivative if the absolute value of the rate of change in data value between the data points is
less than or equal to the critical derivative.

US Pat. No. 9,093,689

BATTERY STRAPS

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A battery comprising:
a first, second and third battery cell provided in a first row;
a fourth, fifth and sixth battery cell provided in a second row opposite the first row;
a first battery strap electrically coupling the first and second battery cells;
a second battery strap electrically coupling the second and third battery cells;
a third battery strap electrically coupling the first and fifth battery cells;
a fourth battery strap electrically coupling the fourth and fifth battery cells; and
a fifth battery strap electrically coupling the sixth and third battery cells, wherein the battery straps electrically couple
the battery cells of the first and second rows in series; and

wherein the battery straps are cast on to the battery cells and are positioned below a cover for the battery.

US Pat. No. 9,340,135

SEAT ASSEMBLY HAVING AN IMPACT LOAD TRANSFER STRUCTURE

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A seat back frame for use in a vehicle seat assembly, the seat back frame comprising:
a first side member having a first end, a second end, an inner surface, and an outer surface, and a second side member having
a first end, a second end, an inner surface, and an outer surface, the first side member and the second side member spaced
apart from one another;

a single unitary body defining an upper cross member portion and a load transfer member portion;
the upper cross member portion having a tubular cross-sectional profile, and having a first end coupled to the first end of
the first side member and a section coupled to the first end of the second side member;

a lower cross member having a first end and is second end, the first end coupled to the second end of the first side member
and the second end coupled to the second end of the second side member; and

the load transfer member portion extending diagonally between a middle of the second side member and a middle of the lower
cross member and having an end coupled to the lower cross member such that the load transfer member portion extends diagonally
downward to the lower cross member, wherein the load transfer member portion transfers a load from an impact through the seat
assembly.

US Pat. No. 9,436,179

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ENERGY COST OPTIMIZATION IN A BUILDING SYSTEM

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A computer-implemented method for minimizing energy cost in a building system, the method comprising:
receiving, at a processing circuit, a dynamic model describing heat transfer characteristics of the building system, a feedback
signal including information representative of a measured temperature and information representative of a measured power usage
of the building system, and temperature constraints defining an acceptable range for the measured temperature;

using, by the processing circuit, time-varying pricing information for a plurality of pricing structures to define an energy
cost function, wherein the energy cost function expresses a total cost of energy as a function of power used by the building
system and includes a demand charge term defining a cost per unit of power corresponding to a maximum power usage within a
pricing period, wherein the plurality of pricing structures include at least two of off-peak, partial-peak, peak, critical-peak,
and real-time brokered;

using, by the processing circuit, the dynamic model and the feedback signal to formulate equality constraints;
linearizing, by the processing circuit, the demand charge term by imposing demand charge constraints, wherein the demand charge
constraints are based on previous demand charges;

masking, by the processing circuit, any demand charge constraint which applies to an inactive pricing period, wherein a demand
charge constraint applies to a time-step and a pricing period and wherein the demand charge constraint applies to an inactive
pricing period if the time-step to which the demand charge constraint applies does not occur during the pricing period to
which the demand charge constraint applies;

using, by the processing circuit, an optimization procedure to minimize the total cost of energy while satisfying the equality
constraints, the temperature constraints, and the demand charge constraints.

US Pat. No. 9,465,370

HVAC ACTUATOR WITH SOFT STALL CONTROL

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. An actuator in a HVAC system, the actuator comprising:
a motor;
a drive device driven by the motor and coupled to a movable HVAC component for driving the movable HVAC component between
multiple positions;

a main actuator controller that determines when the drive device is approaching an end stop; and
a pulse width modulation (PWM) speed controller that generates a PWM speed output for controlling a speed of the motor, wherein
the PWM speed controller sets the PWM speed output to zero in response to a determination that the drive device is approaching
the end stop and then increases the PWM speed output until the end stop is reached, thereby causing the speed of the motor
to increase as the drive device approaches the end stop.

US Pat. No. 9,121,706

COMPASS CALIBRATION SYSTEM AND METHOD

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A device for use with a compass, the device comprising:
an input for receiving signals from the compass;
a memory device; and
a processing circuit configured to determine magnetic compass headings using the signals received from the compass;
wherein the processing circuit is further configured to determine true headings;
wherein the processing circuit is configured to calculate a deviation for each of a plurality of headings, each deviation
comprising a difference between a magnetic compass heading and a true heading;

wherein the processing circuit is configured to use the deviations for each of the plurality of headings to calculate a plurality
of compass deviation coefficients representative of different types of noise sources;

wherein at least one compass deviation coefficient is determined based on a database of geographic zone error factors stored
in the memory device and based on a position of the compass;

wherein the processing circuit is configured to update the database of geographic zone error factors using an internet connection;
and

wherein the processing circuit is configured to store the deviation coefficients in memory and to at least one of calibrate
the compass and adjust an output from the compass using the compass deviation coefficients.

US Pat. No. 9,121,627

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING AN ECONOMIZER CIRCUIT

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A system comprising:
a first circuit comprising a compressor having a motor, a condenser, an expansion valve and an evaporator connected in a closed
refrigerant loop;

a second circuit connected to the first circuit, the second circuit comprising a vessel in fluid communication with the condenser,
the evaporator and the compressor, and a valve positioned to control flow of refrigerant through the second circuit;

a sensor to measure an operating parameter of the system;
a controller, the controller comprising a connection to receive the measured operating parameter from the sensor and a microprocessor
to execute a computer program to generate a signal to control a position of the valve based on the measured operating parameter
from the connection; and

the controller generating a signal to incrementally close the valve in response to the measured operating parameter being
greater than a predetermined value associated with an operating limit of the measured operating parameter, the predetermined
value being less than a corresponding value of the measured operating parameter that initiates a system shutdown.

US Pat. No. 9,199,555

EASY ENTRY MECHANISM FOR VEHICLE SEATING

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A vehicle seating system, comprising:
a seat bottom chassis;
a seat back chassis coupled to the seat bottom chassis; and
an easy entry mechanism configured to facilitate forward rotation of the seat bottom chassis and the seat back chassis about
a lateral axis of the vehicle seating system, wherein the easy entry mechanism is configured to maintain a substantially constant
angle between the seat bottom chassis and the seat back chassis during the rotation, the easy entry mechanism comprises a
striker pin, the striker pin is configured to block the forward rotation of the seat bottom chassis and the seat back chassis
from an upright position to a tilted position via contact with a first surface, the first surface is selectively movable to
facilitate the forward rotation of the seat bottom chassis and the seat back chassis from the upright position to the tilted
position, and the striker pin is configured to block the forward rotation of the seat bottom chassis and the seat back chassis
from the tilted position via contact with a second surface, different from the first surface.

US Pat. No. 9,411,327

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CLASSIFYING DATA IN BUILDING AUTOMATION SYSTEMS

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A computerized method of assigning a building automation system point type to a plurality of unclassified data points of
a building automation system, the method comprising:
receiving, at a processing circuit, the plurality of unclassified data points from one or more subsystems or devices of the
building automation system, each of the unclassified data points comprising at least one attribute containing a substring;

classifying each data point of a first subset of the unclassified data points by associating a building automation system
point type of a plurality of building automation system point types with each data point of the first subset, wherein remaining
unclassified data points form a second subset;

generating a term set containing the substrings that appear in the attributes of the first subset of data points;
calculating, for each substring in the term set, a frequency value indicating a frequency that the substring appears in the
attributes of the first subset of data points associated with one of the building automation system point types;

repeating the calculating for each of the building automation system point types such that a frequency value is calculated
for each unique combination of a selected substring and a selected building automation system point type;

generating a first matrix, each element of the first matrix corresponding to one of the unique combinations and containing
the frequency value calculated for the unique combination;

using the elements of the first matrix to calculate, for each of the unique combinations, an indicator of a probability that
the presence of the selected substring in the at least one attribute of a data point results in the data point belonging to
the selected building automation system point type;

assigning a building automation system point type to each data point of the second subset by finding the substring and potential
building automation system point type pair having the greatest indication of probability; and

using the data points of the second subset with the assigned building automation system point types to control one or more
subsystems or devices of the building automation system.

US Pat. No. 9,941,825

MOTOR CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHOD WITH ADAPTIVE FLUX LINKAGE ESTIMATION

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A chiller system comprising:a compressor configured to circulate a refrigerant between an evaporator and a condenser in a closed refrigerant loop;
a synchronous motor configured to drive the compressor, the motor comprising a stator winding and a rotor; and
a controller configured to estimate a flux linkage of the rotor by:
applying a voltage of the stator winding to a transfer function comprising an S-domain integration operation and an error correction variable;
using a first value of the error correction variable in the transfer function to obtain convergence of the flux linkage over an initial motor starting interval; and
updating the transfer function to replace the first value of the error correction variable with a second value of the error correction variable after the initial motor starting interval to reduce a flux linkage estimation error resulting from the error correction variable, wherein the first value of the error correction variable is greater than the second value of the error correction variable and updating the transfer function comprises reducing the error correction variable, by the controller, from the first value to the second value;
wherein the controller is configured to provide a control signal to the motor based on the estimated flux linkage.

US Pat. No. 9,193,282

VEHICLE SEAT

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A vehicle seat comprising a seat part and a backrest, wherein the seat part and the backrest are adjustable relative to
one another by an adjustment mechanism, wherein a base plate receiving the adjustment mechanism is provided, wherein the base
plate has at least two passage openings through which the base plate is connected to the seat part by fasteners, wherein one
of the passage openings is configured as a slot, a link plate at a first end is fastened to the seat part by a front fastener,
a second end of the link plate is aligned in an approximately vertical direction and is connected to the seat part, and the
link plate is configured to be plastically deformed in a pulling direction in the event of a rear impact as a result of a
limited adjustment movement such that a length of the link plate between the first end and the second end is extended.

US Pat. No. 9,152,610

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR GENERATING AN ENERGY USE MODEL FOR A BUILDING

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A method for generating an energy use model of a building comprising:
receiving, at a processing circuit, building data indicative of a first type of building variable, the processing circuit
comprising a processor, memory, and an interface;

receiving, at the processing circuit, additional building data correlated to an energy use of the building;
generating, by the processing circuit, a building variable model that estimates the building variable as a function of the
additional building data, the building variable comprising a correlated portion that is correlated with the additional building
data and an uncorrelated portion that is uncorrelated with the additional building data;

determining, by the processing circuit, the portion of the building variable that is uncorrelated with the additional building
data by calculating a residual of the building variable model, the residual representing a non-random variable that is correlated
with the building variable and uncorrelated with the additional building data; and

using the additional building data and the uncorrelated portion of the building variable to generate the energy use model
of the building, wherein the energy use model estimates the energy use of the building as a function of the additional building
data and at least one of the residual and the variable represented by the residual.

US Pat. No. 9,340,134

VEHICLE SEAT COVER

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A vehicle seat cover comprising an underlay, a cover and an upholstered element which is provided between the cover and
the underlay, wherein the underlay, the cover and the upholstered element are connected together by a plurality of longitudinal
seams and a plurality of transverse seams, wherein the plurality of longitudinal seams extend in a region of a backrest substantially
parallel to a spinal column of a seat occupant and in a seat part region parallel to thighs of the seat occupant, wherein
the plurality of transverse seams are arranged perpendicular to the plurality of longitudinal seams, wherein the upholstered
element comprises a plurality of upholstered strips that are arranged parallel to the plurality of longitudinal seams, wherein
the cover is fixed to the underlay by means of the plurality of longitudinal seams to produce undulations by which a plurality
of pockets are formed, wherein at least one of the plurality of pockets is configured to be filled with at least one of the
upholstered strips, wherein at least one of the plurality of longitudinal seams has inwardly curved portions and/or outwardly
curved portions to form a zig-zag shaped path, wherein the inwardly curved portions and/or outwardly curved portions are configured
to reduce the cross section of an adjacent pocket of the plurality of pockets, wherein the plurality of transverse seams are
provided to extend over an entire width of the vehicle seat cover, and wherein the plurality of transverse seams are provided
in a step-shaped manner.

US Pat. No. 9,809,138

SEAT DEVICE AND FRONT COVER

TACHI-S CO., LTD., Akish...

1. A seat device comprising:
a seat part on which an occupant is seated;
a support part for supporting the seat part; and
a front cover made of soft material, which is fitted between a front part of the seat part and the support part,
wherein the front cover includes:
a seat connection end part joined with the front part of the seat part,
a detachable first fixture attached to an end of the front cover opposite to the seat connection end part for attachment to
the support part,

an elastic member having one end disposed between the seat connection end part and the first fixture, and
a detachable second fixture attached to the other end of the elastic member for attachment to a seat lower surface as a lower
surface of the seat part.

US Pat. No. 9,469,058

SEAT STRUCTURE AND METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION THEREOF

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A method for producing a seat structure, the method comprising the steps of:
injection molding a part in an injection mold;
subsequently providing in the same injection mold, fiber layers which are subsequently filled with reactive components;
mixing the reactive components in a mixing chamber immediately before injection into the injection mold to provide a reactive
matrix;

effecting the injection before any reaction of the reactive matrix has concluded, the part being used as a seal for the reactive
matrix, wherein the part is provided with a protruding region angled toward the fiber layer as a seal for the reactive matrix.

US Pat. No. 9,399,412

VEHICLE SEAT SLIDE DEVICE

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A vehicle seat slide device, comprising: a fixed rail formed in a substantially U-shape in cross section with left and
right opening edges bent inward in opposite directions and with a top wall substantially parallel with a bottom wall; a moveable
rail arranged inside the opening edges of the fixed rail and capable of moving along the fixed rail; a main roller provided
on each of opposite end portions of the moveable rail in a longitudinal direction of the moveable rail and capable of rolling
on the bottom wall of the fixed rail upon movement of the moveable rail; a bracket vertically turnably supported on the moveable
rail via a pin; a biasing unit attached to the moveable rail and constantly applying a rotational biasing force to the bracket
about the pin by pushing one end portion of the bracket; a sub roller arranged on another end portion of the bracket on an
opposite side of the pin from the one end portion and capable of rolling with the sub roller constantly in pressure contact
with the top wall of the fixed rail in response to the rotational biasing force applied by the biasing unit; and a lever provided
on the one end portion of the bracket, wherein the biasing unit is a plate spring which pushes the lever.

US Pat. No. 9,077,232

ACTUATOR HAVING A BRUSHED DC ELECTRIC MOTOR AND AN EMI REDUCTION CIRCUIT

JOHNSON CONTROLS TECHNOLO...

1. An actuator, comprising:
a circuit board comprising an EMI reduction circuit;
a brushed DC motor for mounting on the circuit board and having a motor case, wherein a bottom of the motor case faces the
circuit board and wherein the bottom of the motor case is recessed relative to an outer rim extending about a periphery of
the motor case; and

a spring contact that is surface mounted on the circuit board such that when the motor is mounted to the circuit board, the
motor case contacts and compresses the spring contact, connecting the motor case to the EMI reduction circuit, wherein at
least one portion of the spring contact extends up into the recess and touches the bottom of the motor case when the outer
rim is held against a surface of the circuit board.

US Pat. No. 9,509,242

SYSTEMS AND METHOD FOR SPEED AND TORQUE CONTROL OF A DC MOTOR

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A method for operating a direct current (DC) motor, the method comprising:
generating a first pulse width modulated (PWM) signal having a first duty cycle;
providing the first PWM signal as a PWM DC output for the DC motor;
adjusting the first duty cycle to control a speed of the DC motor;
sensing an electric current output to the motor using a current sensor; and
when the sensed current exceeds a threshold, holding the PWM DC output off for at least a full PWM period.

US Pat. No. 9,130,232

BATTERY GRIDS AND METHODS FOR MANUFACTURING SAME

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A grid for a battery comprising an electrically conductive grid body having opposed top and bottom frame elements, wherein
at least one of the frame elements has an entire length and a coined edge which spans the entire length of the frame element,
and a plurality of interconnecting electrically conductive grid elements spanning between the opposed top and bottom frame
element defining a grid pattern.

US Pat. No. 9,308,844

HEAD RESTRAINT, IN PARTICULAR FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A head restraint for a vehicle seat comprising a cushion part configured to be positioned rearward of a head of a seat
occupant along a longitudinal axis and to face the head of the seat occupant, a main body, and a comfort adjustment device,
wherein the cushion part is positioned forward of the main body along the longitudinal axis, the comfort adjustment device
is positioned between the cushion part and the main body along the longitudinal axis, the cushion part is directly rotatably
coupled to the main body, the cushion part is movable relative to the main body only by pivoting movement about a substantially
horizontal rotational axis, and the substantially horizontal rotational axis is located above the comfort adjustment device
in a vertical direction;
wherein in a usage situation of the head restraint, the cushion part is able to be adjusted relative to the main body by the
comfort adjustment device from a first position configured to be further removed from the head of the seat occupant into a
second position forward of the first position along the longitudinal axis and configured to be closer to the head of the seat
occupant, wherein the cushion part may also be adjusted by the comfort adjustment device from the second position in the direction
of the first position only by movement of the cushion part to a front extreme position that is forward of the second position;

wherein the comfort adjustment device has a control element which is adjustable into a locked position and into an unlocked
position, wherein with an adjustment of the control element into the locked position, a direct movement of the cushion part
is possible from the first position into the second position, a movement of the cushion part being blocked in the opposing
direction, however, and wherein with an adjustment of the control element into the unlocked position, a direct movement of
the cushion part is possible from the first position into the second position and from the second position into the first
position;

wherein the comfort adjustment device comprises a latching tooth system configured to interact with the control element, and
the latching tooth system comprises a first bearing surface configured to drive the control element to the locked position
via contact with a second bearing surface of the control element upon movement of the cushion part to a rear extreme position,
rearward of the first position along the longitudinal axis;

wherein the control element is configured to move with the cushion part relative to the main body, and the latching tooth
system is connected to the main body.

US Pat. No. 9,150,121

ADJUSTING MECHANISM, IN PARTICULAR IN THE INTERIOR FITTINGS AREA OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. An adjusting mechanism, comprising a supporting structure configured to move relative to a base element, wherein a first
plurality of web pairs is provided between a front plate of the supporting structure and a first side of the base element,
a second plurality of web pairs is provided between a rear plate of the supporting structure and a second side of the base
element, an angle between a first web and a second web of each web pair of the first plurality of web pairs increases as an
angle between a first web and a second web of each web pair of the second plurality of web pairs decreases, wherein spacing
between the front plate and the rear plate remains constant, the web pairs of the first plurality of web pairs are connected
to one another by a first compensating lever, the web pairs of the second plurality of web pairs are connected to one another
by a second compensating lever, and the first compensating lever and the second compensating lever are connected to one another
by a synchronizing lever.
US Pat. No. 9,555,386

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CLOSED-LOOP RECYCLING OF A LIQUID COMPONENT OF A LEACHING MIXTURE WHEN RECYCLING LEAD FROM SPENT LEAD-ACID BATTERIES

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A method, comprising:
forming a leaching mixture comprising a lead-bearing material, a carboxylate source, and a recycled liquid component, wherein
the leaching mixture generates a lead carboxylate precipitate as the carboxylate source reacts with the lead-bearing material
in the leaching mixture, wherein the carboxylate source comprises citric acid, a salt of citric acid, or a combination thereof;

isolating a liquid component from the lead carboxylate precipitate of the leaching mixture;
purifying at least a portion of the isolated liquid component, wherein purifying comprises removing at least a portion of
one or more sulfates from the portion of the isolated liquid component; and

recycling the portion of the isolated liquid component back into the leaching mixture as the recycled liquid component after
purification.

US Pat. No. 9,434,286

METHOD FOR PRODUCING A HYBRID CUSHION ELEMENT, IN PARTICULAR A SEAT AND BACKREST CUSHION ELEMENT FOR USE IN A MOTOR VEHICLE, CUSHION ELEMENT AND VEHICLE SEAT HAVING A CUSHION ELEMENT

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A cushion element for use in a motor vehicle, the cushion element comprising a fleece layer, an elastic fiber composite
material, and an inlay material arranged between the fleece layer and the elastic fiber composite material, wherein the elastic
fiber composite material comprises a polyurethane-based or chloroprene-based binder curable at a temperature less than 120°
C.;
wherein the elastic fiber composite material comprises tangled fibers wetted with the polyurethane-based or chloroprene-based
binder, the polyurethane-based or chloroprene-based binder is curable by removing water without vulcanization, and the tangled
fibers are spaced apart from one another by removing the water.

US Pat. No. 9,322,566

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CONTROLLING ENERGY USE DURING A DEMAND LIMITING PERIOD

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A feedback controller for controlling power consumption by an HVAC system of a building during a demand limiting period,
the controller comprising:
a processing circuit configured to generate a value of a manipulated variable for adjusting the operation of an HVAC device,
wherein the processing circuit comprises:

an error analyzer configured to receive an energy use setpoint as a reference input and to receive a measured energy use as
a measured input, wherein the error analyzer is further configured to compare the reference input and the measured input,
and to use the comparison to determine an error value;

an error corrector configured to receive the error value and to use the error value to generate the value of the manipulated
variable during the demand limiting period; and

an energy use setpoint generator configured to calculate the energy use setpoint using a demand limiting technique subject
to a constraint defining a threshold value for a condition affected by the energy use setpoint.

US Pat. No. 9,653,755

ELECTROLYTE FORMULATIONS FOR LITHIUM ION BATTERIES

Wildcat Discovery Technol...

1. A rechargeable battery, comprising:
a cathode comprising a lithium ion intercalating material, wherein discharge and recharge of the battery is accomplished by
intercalation and de-intercalation of lithium ions into and from the cathode; and

an electrolyte formulation comprising:
an organic solvent;
a lithium salt present at a concentration suitable for conducting lithium ions through the electrolyte formulation; and
an additive salt comprising sodium nitrate or cesium nitrate.

US Pat. No. 9,318,781

PREDICTED SENSOR INFORMATION FOR A BATTERY

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A method for predicting a value of an unmeasured parameter of a first cell of a battery pack using a battery management
system (BMS) of the battery pack, the first cell being one of a plurality of cells of the battery pack, the method comprising:
identifying, using a processor of the BMS, a measured parameter of a second cell of the plurality of cells that is correlated
with the unmeasured parameter of the first cell in a memory of the BCM;

determining, using a sensor of the battery pack that is operably coupled to the second cell and to the processor of the BMS,
a value for the measured parameter of the second cell; and

predicting, using the processor of the BMS, the value of the unmeasured parameter of the first cell based at least in part
on the determined value of the measure parameter of the second cell, wherein the unmeasured parameter of the first cell comprises
an internal temperature, an external temperature, an internal pressure, a voltage, a current, or a lithium intercalation pressure
of the first cell.

US Pat. No. 9,126,507

LONGITUDINAL SEAT ADJUSTER FOR A VEHICLE SEAT HAVING EASY ENTRY FUNCTIONALITY AND FOLDING FUNCTIONALITY

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A longitudinal seat adjuster for a vehicle seat having entry functionality and folding functionality, comprising a rail
system for longitudinal seat adjustment comprising a lower rail and an upper rail, an unlocking device for unlocking the longitudinal
seat adjustment, and a securing device for fixing the vehicle seat to the rail system, wherein the unlocking device comprises
a roller element and at least one unlocking lever arranged at one side of the vehicle seat which has a protruding guiding
lever, wherein the securing device is able to be released, the roller element is configured to roll along a surface of the
protruding guiding lever in response to rotation of the vehicle seat about a rotation axis, and the protruding guiding lever
is configured to progressively drive the unlocking lever toward an unlocking position that unlocks the longitudinal seat adjustment
as the roller element rolls along the surface of the protruding guiding lever.

US Pat. No. 9,431,837

INTEGRATED BATTERY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM AND METHOD

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A battery system, comprising:
a housing;
a plurality of battery cells disposed in the housing;
a battery management system configured to monitor one or more operational parameters of the battery system, wherein the battery
management system is electrically coupled to a positive terminal and a negative terminal of the battery system;

a multi-conductor connector disposed in an outer surface of the housing and electrically coupled to the battery management
system; and

a state of charge indicator configured to provide an indication of a state of charge of the battery system, wherein the state
of charge indicator comprises a first multi-conductor connector configured to couple to the multi-conductor connector of the
battery system and a second multi-conductor connector configured to couple to a charging/maintaining device.

US Pat. No. 9,425,492

ENERGY SOURCE SYSTEMS HAVING DEVICES WITH DIFFERENTIAL STATES OF CHARGE

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. An energy source system, comprising:
a housing comprising a positive terminal and a negative terminal;
a first electrochemical energy storage device comprising a Li-ion battery disposed in the housing and configured to operate
at a first state of charge level, wherein the first state of charge level is 30%, and wherein the first electrochemical energy
storage device is configured to receive regenerative energy from a regenerative braking event associated with operation of
a vehicle;

a second electrochemical energy storage device comprising a Pb-acid battery disposed in the housing and configured to operate
at a second state of charge level, wherein the second state of charge level is 80%, and wherein the first electrochemical
energy storage device comprises a greater charging rate than the second energy storage device; and

a controller disposed in the housing and coupled to the first electrochemical energy storage device and the second electrochemical
energy storage device and configured to control the charging and discharging of the first electrochemical energy storage device
and the second electrochemical energy storage device, wherein the controller is configured to control charging of the first
electrochemical energy storage device to maintain the first state of charge level and to control charging of the second electrochemical
energy storage device to maintain the second state of charge level, and wherein the controller is configured to control the
first electrochemical energy storage device to discharge to meet a cold cranking requirement of an internal combustion engine
of a vehicle and to control the second electrochemical energy storage device to discharge to provide energy for operation
of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,316,694

BATTERY MONITORING SYSTEM WITH TIME-BASED DIAGNOSTIC ACTIVATION

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A battery, comprising:
a battery monitoring system integrated within the battery, wherein the battery monitoring system comprises:
a diagnostic system configured to monitor or store at least one parameter of the battery;
a receiver communicatively coupled to the diagnostic system; and
a transmitter communicatively coupled to the diagnostic system, and configured to activate upon receipt of a first wireless
signal by the receiver and to transmit a second wireless signal indicative of the at least one parameter of the battery;

wherein the at least one parameter of the battery comprises a time, a voltage, a temperature, or a current; and
wherein the time corresponds to a time after manufacture of the battery, and the diagnostic system is configured to activate
the diagnostic system after the time passes a threshold value.

US Pat. No. 9,159,982

BATTERY SYSTEM

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A battery system comprising:
a plurality of electrochemical cells, each cell having at least one terminal;
a frame configured to secure the electrochemical cells in place, wherein the frame comprises:
an inner member disposed on a first side of the plurality of electrochemical cells, wherein the inner member comprises spacers
configured to space each cell of the plurality of cells a distance from each other to facilitate a flow of a fluid between
each cell of the plurality of cells; and

at least one outer member disposed on a second side of the plurality of electrochemical cells opposite the first side such
that the plurality of electrochemical cells is retained only on the first and second sides, wherein the at least one outer
member comprises openings configured to receive the terminals of the plurality of electrochemical cells, and the at least
one outer member also comprises spacers configured to space each cell of the plurality of cells a distance from each other
to facilitate a flow of a fluid between each cell of the plurality of cells;

a battery management system provided at a first end of the frame; and
a device provided at a second end of the frame configured to provide the fluid to the cells and to the battery management
system.

US Pat. No. 9,470,892

HEAD-UP DISPLAY FOR A VEHICLE

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A head-up display, comprising:
a screen;
a cover for the screen; and
a gear mechanism for simultaneously pivoting the screen and the cover around a pivot axis between a first end position and
a second end position and concurrently shifting the cover relatively to the screen in such a way that the cover uncovers the
screen in the first end position and completely covers the screen in the second end position;

wherein the gear mechanism is a planetary gearing comprising a sun gear coupled directly or indirectly to the screen and to
the cover, a planet gear meshing with the sun gear, and a ring gear segment meshing with the planet gear; and

wherein a screen-sided surface of the cover comprises a coupling structure co-operating with the sun gear in such a way that
a rotation of the sun gear causes the shift of the cover relatively to the screen.

US Pat. No. 9,437,903

METHOD FOR COOLING A LITHIUM-ION BATTERY PACK

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A cooling system for a battery module, comprising:
a cold plate being generally rectangular in shape and formed from a conductive material;
a cooling route created within the cold plate; and
two headers disposed at least partially external to the cold plate, at least partially internal to the cold plate, and parallel
with one another; and

cross flow branches of the cooling route, wherein the cross flow branches are in fluid communication with the two headers,
wherein the cross flow branches extend between and perpendicular to the two headers, wherein each cross flow branch comprises
an elliptical cross-sectional shape having a major diameter and a minor diameter smaller than the major diameter, and wherein
each cross flow branch comprise an approximately 90° twist proximate to each header such that the major diameter of the elliptical
cross-sectional shape of each cross flow branch is substantially parallel with longitudinal axes of the two headers between
the approximately 90° twists and substantially perpendicular with the longitudinal axes of the two headers outside of the
approximately 90° twists.

US Pat. No. 9,337,684

BATTERY CHARGING DEVICE AND METHOD

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A method of charging a lead-acid battery utilizing a charging device comprising:
providing the lead-acid battery with a first substantially constant current of approximately 30.0 amps;
determining if a voltage of the lead-acid battery reaches approximately 15.6 volts;
terminating application of the first current if the lead-acid battery is not less than 15.6 volts, and not later than approximately
3.0 hours have elapsed;

providing the lead-acid battery with a first substantially constant voltage of approximately 14.8 volts at an initial current
of no more than approximately 30.0 amps;

determining if the current of the lead-acid battery is greater than approximately 1.0 amps;
terminating application of the first voltage if the current of the lead-acid battery is not greater than 1.0 amps, and not
later than approximately 4.0 hours have elapsed;

providing the lead-acid battery with a second substantially constant current of approximately 3.0 amps;
determining if the voltage of the lead-acid battery reaches approximately 17.5 volts;
terminating application of the second current if the lead-acid battery is not less than 17.5 volts, and not later than approximately
1.0 hours have elapsed; and

providing the lead-acid battery with a second substantially constant voltage of approximately 13.8 volts at a current of no
more than approximately 1.0 amps.

US Pat. No. 9,139,137

VEHICLE INTERIOR STORAGE POCKET

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A vehicle interior storage pocket, comprising:
a retaining sheet comprising a first side piece, a second side piece, and a resilient material extending between the first
side piece and the second side piece, wherein the resilient material is configured to bias the first and second side pieces
toward one another, the retaining sheet comprises a show surface facing a vehicle interior, the first side piece comprises
a first side edge on a first lateral side of the retaining sheet, and the second side piece comprises a second side edge on
a second lateral side of the retaining sheet, opposite the first lateral side; and

a sleeve disposed about the resilient material, at least a portion of the first side piece, and at least a portion of the
second side piece, wherein the sleeve is configured to conceal the resilient material without concealing a first portion of
the show surface positioned proximate to the first side edge and a second portion of the show surface positioned proximate
to the second side edge.

US Pat. No. 9,616,790

FASTENER

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A fastener, for use in coupling a seat trim cover to a seat, the fastener comprising:
an elongated body portion;
a first end extending from the elongated body portion having a substantially J-shape, a middle portion positioned between
the elongated body portion and the first end, and a receiving space located between the first end and elongated body portion
for receiving a structure;

a single second end extending distally from the elongated body portion for sewing the trim cover to the second end, wherein
the first end includes an arcuate hook having a barb pointing outward and a planar surface pointing inward for retaining the
fastener on the structure; and

wherein the elongated body portion has a bent portion having a predetermined bend angle located between the first and second
ends to enable the fastener to be sewn face down without additional tension between a sewing machine surface and a sewing
foot.

US Pat. No. 9,508,972

VENTING DEVICE FOR AN ELECTROCHEMICAL BATTERY AND BATTERY WITH A VENTING DEVICE

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. Venting device (1) for an electrochemical battery (90) comprising:
a) the venting device (1) comprises at least one inlet opening (2) for receiving gases venting from the battery (90), the inlet opening being arranged for connection to a degassing opening (91) of the electrochemical battery (90),

b) the venting device (1) comprises at least one outlet opening (3) for venting the gases received from the battery (90), the outlet opening (3) being directed to an ambience of the battery (90),

c) the venting device (1) comprises at least one flame arrester element (4), the flame arrester element (4) being arranged to prohibit a breakthrough of flames into the interior of the battery (90),

d) the inlet opening (2) is in communication with the outlet opening (3) via the flame arrester element (4),

characterized by:
e) an explosion chamber (5, 6) which is located within the venting device (1) on a side of the flame arrester element (4) which is directed to the outlet opening (3),

f) the explosion chamber (5, 6) is arranged for developing and temporarily storing an explosive mixture of the gases received from the battery (90) and oxygen from ambient air, which explodes in case a flame occurs within the explosion chamber (5, 6), thereby blowing off the flame, wherein the flame arrester element (4) is or comprises an ignition protection frit made of flame retardant material, and wherein said flame arrester element (4) is arranged in a flow section between the electrochemical battery (90) and an interior of the explosion chamber (5, 6),

wherein the outlet opening (3) is in communication with the explosion chamber (5, 6) via at least one first communication opening (7) which is located with a wall (8, 9, 10, 11) surrounding the explosion chamber (5, 6) at least partially, and

wherein the explosion chamber (5, 6) is in communication with the flame arrester element (4) via a second communication opening (130), the cross section of the second communication opening (130) being small compared to the cross section of the explosion chamber (5, 6).

US Pat. No. 9,472,791

BATTERY SYSTEM, HOUSING AND VEHICLE INCLUDING BATTERY SYSTEM

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A battery system for use in a vehicle comprising:
a tray having a plurality of battery receptacles;
an area of clearance provided below the tray;
a plurality of batteries, each battery in the plurality of batteries received in a battery receptacle from the plurality of
receptacles;

a one-piece conductive layer in electrical communication with each battery of the plurality of batteries and a terminal for
electrically coupling to a vehicle, wherein the conductive layer includes coupling elements interspersed on the conductive
layer and connected for a desired battery configuration so as to make all electrical contacts with the plurality of batteries;
and

a cover which interlocks with the tray above or within the area of clearance, the cover having a leg which extends and couples
to the tray, the cover carrying a computer, electrical access to the terminal, and a diagnostic identification system for
the plurality of batteries;

wherein the tray has a side surface which defines the area of clearance below the tray, and the leg couples to the side surface.

US Pat. No. 9,346,376

RECLINER MECHANISM

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A recliner mechanism for a vehicle seat assembly comprising:
a retainer plate having a spring attachment leg, and a substantially circular inner circumference;
a base plate having an outer circumference that is approximately circular in shape and includes an alignment ledge on said
outer circumference capable of aligning and positioning said retainer plate relative to said base plate, and a substantially
circular base plate aperture; and

a pawl constrained for substantially radial movement relative to an axis of rotation of the base plate and wherein said pawl
includes slide side surfaces and an inner surface having a flat portion configured to engage a flat portion on a disc located
between said pawl and a unitary cam member, and wherein said unitary cam member is integrally formed as a single piece and
including a cam portion configured to engage at least one of said pawl and said disc, and an extended portion and wherein
said extended portion includes a substantially circular base plate extension area configured to fit within and pass through
said base plate aperture.

US Pat. No. 9,324,976

ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL HAVING A FIXED CELL ELEMENT

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. An electrochemical cell comprising:
a cell element comprising at least one electrode;
a current collector having an outer member and an inner member, the inner member being coupled to the outer member by a plurality
of flexible arms configured to allow the inner member to move relative to the outer member;

a coil plate having a first face directly coupled to the cell element and a second face opposite to the first face, wherein
the second face is directly coupled to the current collector to provide an electrical path between the cell element and the
current collector; and

a housing having a bottom portion having a vent, the inner member of the current collector being coupled to the vent, wherein
the cell element, the coil plate, and current collector are provided within the housing such that when the vent moves from
an undeployed position to a deployed position, the cell element remains substantially fixed within the housing.

US Pat. No. 9,298,203

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CONTROLLING ENERGY USE IN A BUILDING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM USING ENERGY BUDGETS

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A method for controlling power consumption of a building HVAC system, the method comprising:
using a controller of the HVAC system to calculate a deferred power usage resulting from a setpoint trajectory for a first
time period;

finding a target deferred power usage for a second time period subsequent to the first time period;
finding a linear operator that transforms the deferred power usage for the first time period into the target deferred power
usage; and

applying the linear operator to the setpoint trajectory for the first time period to create a setpoint trajectory for the
second time period.

US Pat. No. 9,101,191

PIVOTABLE KEY WITH REINFORCED POSITION LATCHING FOR ACTUATING A LOCK

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A key assembly comprising:
a casing including a portion having a notch;
a yoke mounted in the casing;
a key having one end secured to the yoke to turn between a position in which the key is retracted inside the casing and a
position in which the key is extended;

a control pushbutton mounted in the yoke to be constrained to pivot therewith, and to slide between an extended blocking position
for blocking the yoke in which the control pushbutton includes at least one stud received in the notch, and a pushed-in position
for releasing the yoke to pivot, in which position the stud escapes from the notch; and

a spring interposed between the casing and the control pushbutton to urge the yoke resiliently towards the extended position
and the control pushbutton towards its blocking position,

wherein the notch is formed in a washer that is fastened in the portion of the casing,
wherein the washer is harder than the casing,
wherein the washer includes an anti-rotation feature to prevent rotation of the washer relative to the casing, the anti-rotation
feature having an outline that is not circular,

wherein the washer is inserted by force into a setback of the casing,
wherein the portion of the casing includes at least one stud that has been deformed to hold the washer in position,
wherein the portion of the casing is made of thermoplastic material and the stud of the portion of the casing has been deformed
while hot, and

wherein the washer includes two lateral projections that project from the washer and each projection is provided with a notch,
and the portion of the casing receiving the washer includes a lateral surface that extends with at least one projection such
that the projection is configured to abut the surface to oppose relative rotation between the washer and the casing.

US Pat. No. 9,096,152

INCLINATION ADJUSTER FOR VEHICLE SEATS

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A vehicle seat comprising an inclination adjustment fitting, a backrest part, and a seat part, wherein the backrest part
comprises a first main structural element, and the seat part comprises a second main structural element, the inclination adjustment
fitting comprises an adjustment mechanism, the adjustment mechanism comprises a toothed first element and a toothed second
element, and the inclination adjustment fitting comprises a latching detent configured to adjust an inclination of the first
main structural element relative to the second main structural element about an axis of rotation;
wherein the toothed first element is connectable directly to the first main structural element, the toothed second element
is connectable directly to a second adapter element, and the second adapter element is connectable directly to the second
main structural element, or wherein the toothed second element is connectable directly to the second main structural element,
the toothed first element is connectable directly to a first adapter element, and the first adapter element is connectable
directly to the first main structural element;

wherein a substantial portion of the toothed first and second elements is arrangeable on a first side of a first substantially
vertical connecting plane between the first main structural element and the toothed first element, and the first connecting
plane is substantially parallel to a plane spanned by the first main structural element;

wherein a substantial portion of the toothed first and second elements is arrangeable on a first side of a second connecting
plane between the first main structural element or the second adapter element and the toothed second element, and the second
connecting plane is substantially parallel to the first connecting plane; and

wherein the second main structural element, the second adapter element, and the second connecting plane are arrangeable on
a second side of the first connecting plane, and the second side of the first connecting plane is opposite the first side
of the first connecting plane.

US Pat. No. 9,812,693

SEPARATE WELDING PLANES FOR A BATTERY MODULE

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A lithium-ion battery module, comprising:
a housing having a base;
a battery cell disposed in the housing in a cell orientation direction, wherein the cell orientation direction is substantially
parallel to the base; and

a battery module terminal electrically coupled to a battery cell terminal of the battery cell via an electrical pathway, wherein
the battery cell terminal extends from the battery cell in the cell orientation direction, wherein the battery module terminal
is configured to provide an electrical output of the battery module when coupled to an electrical load, and wherein the electrical
pathway extends from the battery cell terminal to the battery module terminal and is defined by a first portion, a second
portion, and an interconnecting portion connecting the first and second portions;

wherein the first portion of the electrical pathway comprises a plurality of first conductive components having a first conductive
material, the plurality of first conductive components are electrically coupled to one another within first connection planes
using a first weld technique, a first conductive component of the plurality of first conductive components is directly coupled
to the battery module terminal, and the first connection planes are substantially parallel to the base of the housing; and

wherein the second portion of the electrical pathway comprises a plurality of second conductive components having a second
conductive material, the plurality of second conductive components are electrically coupled to one another within second connection
planes using a second weld technique, different from the first weld technique, a second conductive component of the plurality
of second conductive components is directly coupled to the battery cell terminal of the battery cell, and the second connection
planes are oriented crosswise relative to the first connection planes and the cell orientation direction.

US Pat. No. 9,812,732

DUAL STORAGE SYSTEM AND METHOD WITH LITHIUM ION AND LEAD ACID BATTERY CELLS

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A battery, comprising:
a plurality of lithium ion battery cells; and
a plurality of lead acid battery cells; and
wherein each individual lithium ion battery cell of the plurality of lithium ion battery cells is electrically coupled in
parallel with and substantially voltage matched with a corresponding individual lead acid battery cell of the plurality of
lead acid battery cells such that the battery comprises a plurality of lithium ion/lead acid battery cell pairs, and wherein
the plurality of lithium ion battery cells as a unit is communicatively coupled to a battery management system, and wherein
the battery is configured to undergo charge balancing during operation without the electronic battery management system.

US Pat. No. 9,061,599

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR OPTIMIZING THE STORING OF VEHICULAR ENERGY

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A system for storing electrically a regenerative energy of a vehicle, comprising:
a first energy storage device;
a second energy storage device;
an energy regulating device coupled to the first and second energy storage devices;
a source of regenerative power for capturing regenerative energy during a regenerative power event of the vehicle; and
a control unit coupled to the energy regulating device, wherein the control unit is configured to:
transfer electrical energy from the first energy storage device to the second energy storage device based on a prediction
of the regenerative power event using the energy regulating device; and

compare a cost of losing regenerative energy because of a failure to timely transfer electrical energy, and a cost of lost
transfer energy due to inefficiencies in passing energy from the first energy storage device to the second energy storage
device;

wherein the transfer of the electrical energy serves to reduce the electrical energy stored in the first energy storage device
thereby enabling the first energy storage device to receive from the regenerative power device when the predicted regenerative
power event occurs an amount of the electrical regenerative energy.

US Pat. No. 9,660,244

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ESTABLISHING CONNECTIONS OF A BATTERY MODULE

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A battery module, comprising:
a housing;
a plurality of battery cells disposed in the housing, wherein each battery cell of the plurality of battery cells comprises
a first terminal having a first material, and a second terminal;

a plurality of bus bar cell interconnects comprising the first material, wherein each bus bar cell interconnect of the plurality
of bus bar cell interconnects is configured to electrically couple two adjacent battery cells of the plurality of battery
cells via an electrical coupling with the first terminal of one of the adjacent battery cells and the second terminal of the
other adjacent battery cell;

a plurality of first welds, wherein each first weld of the plurality of first welds is disposed at a corresponding first welding
point and directly couples a corresponding bus bar cell interconnect of the plurality of bus bar cell interconnects with a
corresponding one of the first terminals comprising the first material;

a terminal post connector for outputting a voltage from the plurality of battery cells, the terminal post connector comprising
the first material;

a printed circuit board (PCB) installed in the battery module proximate to the first and second terminals of the plurality
of battery cells; and

a shunt disposed on the PCB of the battery module for carrying current from the plurality of battery cells to the terminal
post connector, wherein the terminal post connector is welded to the shunt at a first shunt welding point, and wherein the
first shunt welding point and each first welding point of the plurality of first welds is accessible for welding from a position
above the plurality of battery cells and unencumbered by the installed PCB.

US Pat. No. 9,581,364

REFRIGERATION SYSTEM WITH FREE-COOLING

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A system for cooling air for use with a liquid cooling fluid loop, the system comprising:
a first refrigerant circuit with an air-cooled first condenser, all heat generated by the first refrigerant circuit is rejected
through the air-cooled first condenser;

a free-cooling loop with a free-cooling loop coil located upstream of the air-cooled first condenser of the first refrigerant
circuit;

a second refrigerant circuit with a liquid-cooled second condenser, all heat generated by the second refrigerant circuit is
rejected through the free-cooling loop coil of the free-cooling loop;

a control device for controlling the operation of the system between a first mode, a second mode, and a third mode;
wherein when operating in the first mode, only the free-cooling loop exchanges heat directly with liquid cooling fluid in
the liquid cooling fluid loop to cool the liquid cooling fluid, when operating in the second mode, the first refrigerant circuit
is engaged and the second refrigerant circuit is not engaged, and when operating in the third mode, the free-cooling loop
interacts with the second refrigerant circuit to reject heat of the second refrigerant circuit through the free-cooling loop.

US Pat. No. 9,568,910

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR USING RULE-BASED FAULT DETECTION IN A BUILDING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A controller for a building management system, the controller comprising:
a first data interface configured to receive data from the building management system; and
a processing circuit comprising an electronic processor and a memory device storing a fault detection rule having an initial
threshold value, wherein the processing circuit is configured to:

detect a first fault in the building management system by evaluating the stored fault detection rule, wherein evaluating the
stored fault detection rule comprises comparing the data from the building management system to the initial threshold value;

use the data from the building management system to determine whether an adjustment to the stored fault detection rule is
needed, wherein the adjustment comprises replacing the initial threshold value with a new threshold value;

in response to a determination that an adjustment to the stored fault detection rule is not needed, maintaining the initial
threshold value in the stored fault detection rule such that the initial threshold value is compared to the data from the
building management system when the stored fault detection rule is subsequently evaluated; and

in response to a determination that an adjustment to the stored fault detection rule is needed, calculate the new threshold
value for the stored fault detection rule and update the stored fault detection rule by replacing the initial threshold value
with the new threshold value such that the new threshold value is compared to the data from the building management system
when the stored fault detection rule is subsequently evaluated.

US Pat. No. 9,418,661

VEHICLE VOICE RECOGNITION SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A voice recognition system, comprising:
a microphone configured to receive speech from a user and convert the speech to an audio speech signal; and
a voice recognition engine configured to:
cause a user expertise evaluator module to detect an indication of an expertise level of the audio speech signal received
from the microphone;

set an expertise level for the user in a voice recognition setting database based on the indication of the expertise level;
retrieve an expertise-to-adjustment association from an expertise database;
automatically adjust a voice tree in a voice tree database based on applying the expertise-to-adjustment association to the
expertise level for the user;

process the adjusted voice tree to generate a prompt in response to the received speech; and
output the prompt to the user.

US Pat. No. 9,410,709

MULTICHANNEL CONDENSER COIL WITH REFRIGERANT STORAGE RECEIVER

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A system comprising:
a refrigerant loop comprising a compressor, a condenser comprising at least one multichannel heat exchanger coil, an expansion
device, and an evaporator;

a vessel configured to store refrigerant;
the vessel comprising a first connection in continuous fluid communication with the multichannel heat exchanger coil via a
first line and a second connection to directly and continuously receive refrigerant from a portion of the refrigerant loop
in continuous fluid communication with the compressor via a second line, the first connection and the second connection being
in continuous fluid communication with each other; and

the vessel, the multichannel heat exchanger coil, and the first line being sized to store all of the refrigerant in the system
during a pump down operation.

US Pat. No. 9,379,378

ELECTRODE FOR LEAD ACID STORAGE BATTERY

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. An electrode for a lead acid battery comprising:
a surface;
a pasting material provided on the surface;
wherein the pasting material has a physical property which varies across the surface of the electrode that provides uniform
current density across the electrode.

US Pat. No. 9,312,580

BATTERY MODULE WITH PHASE CHANGE MATERIAL

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A system, comprising:
a battery module;
a battery cell assembly that is a component of the battery module;
a battery cell of the battery cell assembly, wherein the battery cell comprises a first planar surface and generates heat
during operation; and

a phase change material (PCM) layer that is substantially planar and is stacked against the first planar surface of the battery
cell, wherein the PCM layer includes a plurality of graphite layers that is oriented to predominantly conduct the heat across
the thickness of the PCM layer, and wherein the PCM layer absorbs a portion of the heat to affect a phase change in a phase
change in a phase change element disposed around the plurality of graphite layers.

US Pat. No. 9,116,978

QUERY ENGINE FOR BUILDING MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A computer-implemented system for facilitating cross-subsystem queries of a plurality of building automation subsystems,
comprising:
an ontology database storing an ontological model for a building automation system (BAS), wherein the ontological model defines
multiple different BAS object types, relationships between the BAS object types, and attributes of the BAS object types;

a fact database storing instance values for the plurality of building automation subsystems and a logical type for each of
the stored instance values, wherein the logical type identifies a particular attribute of the ontological model described
by the stored instance value and represents, in a flat format, a portion of the ontological model that provides semantic type
information for the stored instance value; and

a query engine configured to decompose a cross-subsystem query received from an application into a plurality of subsystem
queries using information of the fact database, wherein the query engine parses the logical types in the fact database to
obtain the semantic type information for the stored instance values and uses the obtained semantic type information to identify
one or more of the stored instance values relevant to the cross-subsystem query without requiring access to another database.

US Pat. No. 9,079,515

MODULAR RECLINE MECHANISM AND SIDEMEMBER FOR ROTARY RECLINER

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A seat assembly comprising:
a seat back capable of being rotated about an axis;
a sidemember coupled to said seat back, said sidemember including uniform attachment surface having a lower support surface
extending circumferentially about said axis and an upper support surface wherein said lower support surface and said upper
support surface are at least approximately aligned in the same plane;

a modular mounting plate having a rear mounting surface substantially aligned with said uniform attachment surface and wherein
said modular mounting plate includes an upper weld section and an axial mounting surface and wherein said upper weld section
is welded to said upper support surface, and said axial mounting surface engages said lower support surface;

a five-door recline mechanism coupled to one of said sidemember and said modular mounting plate and;
a latch assembly coupled to said modular mounting plate and engaging said five-door recline mechanism.

US Pat. No. 9,067,513

SEAT SLIDE POSITION DETECTION DEVICE FOR VEHICLE

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A seat slide position detection device for a vehicle, comprising:
a fixed rail attached to a vehicle floor;
a movable rail supported to the fixed rail slidably in a longitudinal direction of the fixed rail;
a detected portion disposed in a predetermined area of the fixed rail extending in the longitudinal direction;
a seat cushion frame fixedly held by the movable rail; and
a position sensor attached to the movable rail via the seat cushion frame and having a sensor detector in a position of the
position sensor opposed to the detected portion, wherein the position sensor comprises a protrusion with an extremity portion
in contact with the movable rail,

wherein the position sensor has an extended portion,
wherein the extended portion extends in a vertical direction towards the fixed rail, and
wherein the protrusion is provided on the extended portion and protrudes toward the movable rail in a lateral direction.

US Pat. No. 9,069,338

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR STATISTICAL CONTROL AND FAULT DETECTION IN A BUILDING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A controller for a building management system comprising:
a processing circuit configured to at least one of receive or calculate an updated performance value for the building management
system;

wherein the processing circuit is further configured to maintain at least one threshold parameter relative to a history of
performance values, to determine an exponentially weighted moving average of the performance values, and to compare the moving
average to the at least one threshold parameter, wherein the threshold parameter is maintained by multiplying an estimator
of scale of the history by a constant value and at least one of adding or subtracting a result of the multiplication to or
from a median of the history; and

wherein the processing circuit is further configured to generate an output that indicates a result of the comparison.

US Pat. No. 9,649,957

SECOND ROW VEHICLE SEAT

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A seat for a vehicle having a floor pan with an anti-submarine hump, said seat comprising:
a base configured to be coupled to the floor pan and the anti-submarine hump without intervening slidable tracks that allow
fore and aft movement of the seat, the base being supported by the floor pan and the anti-submarine hump, presenting enclosed
slots each having an angular surface and wherein the angular surface are opposing and spaced from one another and wherein
said base and slots are coupled above the anti-submarine hump;

a cushion having a cushion pan slidably engaging said opposing angular surfaces of said base for tilting relative to said
base to an alternate orientation;

a seat back and wherein said cushion is capable of moving slidably relative to said base and independent of said seat back;
and

a resistance element for maintaining the cushion in a desired orientation relative to said base and wherein said cushion compressively
engages at least one of said resistance element and said base to prevent movement of said cushion relative to said base, and
wherein said cushion is raised from compressive engagement to allow movement of said cushion relative to said base.

US Pat. No. 9,608,245

SYSTEM FOR PROVIDING STRUCTURAL INTEGRITY OF A BATTERY MODULE

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A battery module comprising:
a housing;
a plurality of electrochemical cells positioned in the housing, each electrochemical cell of the plurality of electrochemical
cells having a respective terminal end at which at least one terminal is located;

a skeletal frame coupled with the housing at the terminal ends of the plurality of electrochemical cells; and
a framework disposed proximate to the skeletal frame such that the skeletal frame is positioned between the terminal ends
of the electrochemical cells and the framework, wherein the framework is substantially aligned with the skeletal frame and
configured to transfer a force applied to the framework to the skeletal frame, and wherein the framework is formed from a
material having a lower modulus of elasticity than the skeletal frame.

US Pat. No. 9,553,343

PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD INTERCONNECT FOR CELLS IN A BATTERY SYSTEM

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A battery module, comprising:
a cell interconnect board comprising a printed circuit board (PCB) disposed proximate a power assembly having a plurality
of pouch battery cells including at least a first pouch battery cell and a second pouch battery cell in a stacked orientation
relative to each other;

a coupling structure disposed in a slot of the interconnect board, wherein the coupling structure defines an opening;
an interconnection device disposed in the opening of the coupling structure and configured to contact a first tab electrode
extending from the first pouch battery cell and a second tab electrode extending from the second pouch battery cell, such
that the first and second tab electrodes are disposed within the opening, are in electrical contact with each other, and are
positioned between the coupling structure and the interconnection device; and

a sensor configured to measure a parameter associated with the power assembly.

US Pat. No. 9,499,076

VEHICLE SEAT

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A vehicle seat comprising:
a slide mechanism comprising an inner-side slide rail fixed to a floor of an interior of a vehicle and an outer-side slide
rail fixed to a wall portion of the interior of the vehicle;

a seat cushion provided to be slidable in a front-rear direction of the vehicle by the slide mechanism; and
a biasing unit for applying a biasing force for flipping up the seat cushion toward the wall portion,
wherein the outer-side slide rail comprises:
a first slide rail fixed to the wall portion at a same position as the seat cushion in a vertical direction; and
a second slide rail fixed to a portion of the wall portion located deeper in the interior than the first slide rail, at a
position below the seat cushion.

US Pat. No. 9,482,230

SCREW COMPRESSOR

Johnson Controls Technolo...

6. A screw compressor comprising:
a housing having an inlet for receiving gas to be compressed by the compressor and an outlet for discharging pressurized compressed
gas;

a pair of meshing threaded rotors, each rotor having an axis and being rotatably received in the housing, each rotor having
a first end near the inlet and a second end near the outlet;

at least two side-by-side bearings rotatably carrying each rotor about an axis, the at least two side-by-side bearings positioned
near each of the first end and the second end of each rotor; and

a conduit formed in the housing in selectable fluid communication applied on an outer surface of at least one bearing of the
at least two side-by-side bearings; and

a force generating source, the force generating source selectably providing a force in a radial direction on the outer surface
of the at least one bearing of the at least two side-by-side bearings relative to the at least one bearing having an axis
being parallel to an axis of another bearing of the at least two side-by-side bearings.

US Pat. No. 9,446,963

SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR A CATHODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR A LITHIUM ION BATTERY CELL

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A lithium ion battery cell, comprising:
a cathode comprising an active material, wherein the active material comprises both a spray-dried lithium metal oxide (LMO)
component and a co-precipitated LMO component, wherein the spray-dried and the co-precipitated LMO components are both lithium
nickel manganese cobalt oxide (NMC) materials having the formula LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2.

US Pat. No. 9,348,325

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETECTING A CONTROL LOOP INTERACTION

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A computerized method for detecting a control loop interaction, the method comprising:
receiving an indication of a control loop disturbance detected by a controller for a first control loop, wherein the control
loop disturbance is a change detected in the first control loop that exceeds a disturbance detection threshold;

storing, in a memory, a history of detected loop disturbances for the first control loop and at least a second control loop,
wherein each of the detected loop disturbances is stored with a time parameter indicating a time at which the disturbance
is detected;

using the history of detected loop disturbances to assign each of a plurality of time periods to one of categories (a), (b),
(c), and (d) according to whether a disturbance is detected or not detected during the time period in each of the first and
second control loops, wherein a time period is assigned to:

category (a) if a disturbance is detected in the first control loop and not detected in the second control loop during the
time period,

category (b) if a disturbance is detected in the second control loop and not detected in the first control loop during the
time period,

category (c) if a disturbance is detected in both the first control loop and the second control loop during the time period,
and

category (d) if a disturbance is detected in neither the first control loop nor the second control loop during the time period;
generating and storing a set of variables that indicate a quantity of the time periods assigned to each of categories (a)-(d);
calculating, by a processor, a measure of interaction between the first and second control loops using the set of variables,
the measure of interaction indicating a statistical correlation between the times at which disturbances are detected in the
first control loop and the times at which disturbances are detected in the second control loop;

determining whether a loop interaction exists between the first and second control loops based in part on the measure of interaction;
and

using a communications interface to transmit data representing the result of the determination.

US Pat. No. 9,296,134

METHOD FOR PRODUCING A HEAD RESTRAINT AND HEAD RESTRAINT

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A method for producing a head restraint for a motor vehicle, wherein the head restraint has a lining and a foam material,
wherein the foam material fills out the lining at least in regions, wherein the method has the following steps:
producing a prototype mold, wherein the prototype mold comprises at least two mold parts, wherein the prototype mold, in an
assembled state of the mold parts, has an inner surface pointing into the interior of the prototype mold and has an outer
surface, the prototype mold is produced by a stereolithography process, a plurality of reinforcement ribs are formed on the
outer surface of the prototype mold during the production of the prototype mold, the plurality of reinforcement ribs extends
in a plurality of different directions, the plurality of reinforcement ribs are configured to reduce dimensional changes of
the prototype mold and of the head restraint produced in the prototype mold during introduction of the foam material, and
the shape of the head restraint produced in the prototype mold is determined by the inner surface and the outer surface of
the prototype mold;

producing the lining;
assembling the mold parts of the prototype mold in such a way that the lining is arranged in the interior of the prototype
mold;

introducing the foam material into the interior of the lining, wherein the foam material is at least partially liquid at the
time at which it is introduced.

US Pat. No. 9,117,596

CAPACITOR ELECTRODES FOR LEAD-ACID BATTERY WITH SURFACE-MODIFIED ADDITIVES

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A lead-acid battery, comprising:
a capacitor electrode, comprising:
a lead-based current collector; and
capacitor active material disposed on the current collector, wherein the capacitor active material comprises:
a carbon capacitive material,
a conductive carbon material having a lower surface area than the carbon capacitive material, and
carbon fibers treated with polyethylene glycol-based surfactant which is adsorbed onto the carbon fibers to produce surface
modified carbon fibers.

US Pat. No. 9,085,265

FLEXIBLE INTERIOR TRIM COMPONENT HAVING AN INTEGRAL SKIN SHOW SURFACE

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. An interior trim component, comprising:
a plurality of substantially parallel ribs each configured to engage a track to facilitate movement of the interior trim component
along the track; and

a cushion having an integral outer skin, wherein the cushion is coupled to the plurality of substantially parallel ribs, the
cushion includes a first portion having a first density and a second portion having a second density, different than the first
density, and the first portion and the second portion are formed from a single pourable foam;

wherein the first portion extends at least partially around the second portion, the first portion forms the integral outer
skin of the cushion, and the first density is greater than the second density.

US Pat. No. 9,511,688

SEATING PART OF A VEHICLE SEAT

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A vehicle seat comprising a seat member, having a seat face and two lateral members,
wherein the seat face is provided between the lateral members in an integral manner;
wherein the vehicle seat further comprises a height adjuster for adjusting a height of the seat face, wherein the height adjuster
is integrated in the lateral members;

wherein each of the lateral members has a recess, a shape of which changes during the height adjustment;
wherein the height adjuster has a drive element;
wherein the drive element comprises a rotor with helical slots; and
wherein on the lateral members projections are provided which cooperate in a positive-locking manner with the helical slots,
whereby during rotation of the rotor the projections are moved away from each other or towards each other, and whereby the
height adjustment of the seat face is carried out.

US Pat. No. 9,430,945

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING ROUTE CALCULATION AND INFORMATION TO A VEHICLE

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A system for mounting in a vehicle and for providing route information from a remote source to a display, the system comprising:
a display interface for providing a signal to the display;
a user input device configured to receive vehicle occupant input;
a communications device;
and
a processor operatively coupled to the communications device, the user input device, and the display interface, wherein the
processor is configured to receive a signal corresponding to the vehicle occupant input and determine whether the vehicle
occupant input indicates a request for directions or selection of a remote direction provider for providing route information;

wherein, in response to a determination that the vehicle occupant input indicates a request for directions, the processor
is configured to cause vehicle position information to be sent to the remote source via the communications device;

wherein the processor is configured to receive route information from the remote source via the communications device,
wherein, in response to a determination that the vehicle occupant input indicates a selection of a remote direction provider,
the processor is configured to generate instructions configured to cause the remote source to provide the route information
from the selected remote direction provider and transmit the instructions via the communications device to the remote source;

wherein the processor is further configured to provide to the display interface a representation of the route information
received from the selected remote direction provider, the route information conveying directions from a position of the vehicle
to a destination.

US Pat. No. 9,347,995

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETECTING BATTERY FAILURE DURING A NON-OPERATING EVENT

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A system for monitoring an energy-storing apparatus during a non-operating event of a mechanism that draws energy from
the energy-storing apparatus, the apparatus including a plurality of energy-storing cells, the system comprising:
a plurality of sensing units, each one of the sensing units being coupled to a subset of the plurality of cells, wherein each
one of the sensing units is configured to monitor conditions of a corresponding subset of cells during the non-operating event,
wherein the non-operating event corresponds to when electrical current is not flowing to or from the energy-storing apparatus;

a wireless communication unit coupled to each of the sensing units and configured to communicate a signal indicative of one
of the monitored conditions of the corresponding subset of cells to a computing device, wherein the energy-storing apparatus
is configured to provide energy to the plurality of sensing units and the wireless communication unit during an operating
event;

a self-harvesting power source configured to provide energy to the plurality of sensing units and the wireless communication
unit only when the non-operating event begins; and

a processor configured to switch a supply of the energy from the energy-storing apparatus to the self-harvesting power source
when the non-operating event begins.

US Pat. No. 9,168,796

METHOD FOR EXCHANGING SIGNALS BETWEEN A TIRE PRESSURE SENSOR AND A CENTRAL PROCESSING UNIT IN A MOTOR VEHICLE

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A method of transmitting information in a wireless manner by radio signals between a pressure sensor equipping a wheel
of a motor vehicle and a central processor unit equipping said vehicle, the method comprising:
transmitting, by the sensor, for attention of the central processor unit, data transmission signals representative of digital
data to be transferred to the central processor unit, and a location signal used by the central processor unit to identify
the wheel from which the digital data is generated,

wherein an emission power of the location signal is lower than an emission power of the data transmission signals.

US Pat. No. 9,132,757

VEHICLE SEAT COMPRISING A HEAD RESTRAINT

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A vehicle seat comprising a head restraint and a seat back, the head restraint being movable between a usage position and
a non-usage position, wherein at least one interfering element is pivotably mounted inside the seat back by a pivoting device,
and wherein in the non-usage position the head restraint positions the at least one interfering element of the seat back in
a pivoted position via engagement of a mounting rod of the head restraint with the at least one interfering element such that
the at least one interfering element forms at least one contact point with the torso of a vehicle occupant located on the
vehicle seat;
wherein a pivot axis of the pivoting device is positioned forward of a path of travel of the mounting rod, the at least one
interfering element forms the at least one contact point with a predetermined maximal bulging of an upholstery covering the
seat back after the head restraint reaches a predetermined minimal depth of refraction, and in the case of refraction depths
of the head restraint beyond the minimal depth of retraction, the at least one interfering element remains in the pivoted
position.

US Pat. No. 10,072,854

HVAC UNIT WITH HOT GAS REHEAT

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A system, comprising:a compressor configured to circulate a refrigerant through a refrigeration circuit;
a first condenser disposed along the refrigeration circuit, wherein the system is configured to direct a first portion of the refrigerant to the first condenser in a first operating mode of the system and in a second operating mode of the system, and wherein the first condenser is configured to transfer heat from the first portion of the refrigerant to ambient;
a second condenser disposed along the refrigeration circuit, wherein the system is configured to direct a second portion of the refrigerant to the second condenser in the first operating mode, wherein the system is configured to direct the second portion of the refrigerant to bypass the second condenser in the second operating mode, and wherein the second condenser is configured to transfer heat from the second portion of the refrigerant to ambient;
a reheat heat exchanger disposed along the refrigeration circuit, wherein the system is configured to direct the second portion of the refrigerant to the reheat heat exchanger in the second operating mode, wherein the system is configured to direct the second portion of the refrigerant to bypass the reheat heat exchanger in the first operating mode, and wherein the reheat heat exchanger is configured to transfer heat from the second portion of the refrigerant to a cooling fluid; and
a pressure control system disposed on a high pressure side of the compressor, wherein the pressure control system is configured to measure a discharge pressure of the refrigerant exiting the compressor and adjust a fan speed of the first condenser based on the discharge pressure when the system is in the second operating mode.

US Pat. No. 9,857,109

HEAT EXCHANGER

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A condenser comprising:
a cylindrical shell having an axis;
a first tube bundle positioned in the shell;
a subcooler positioned in the shell beneath the first tube bundle, the subcooler comprising:
a housing, the housing having a top surface positioned next to the first tube bundle;
a second tube bundle enclosed within the housing;
at least two inlets, the at least two inlets extending through the top surface of the housing to permit liquid refrigerant
to enter the housing; and

a cap positioned against the housing and covering the at least two inlets, the cap and the top surface of the housing defining
a passageway for liquid refrigerant to flow to the at least two inlets, the cap having a pair of cap sidewalls extending downwardly
from opposed edges of an upper surface of the cap, the housing having a pair of housing sidewalls, and at least one entrance
to the passageway permitting liquid flow between at least one cap sidewall of the pair of cap sidewalls and at least one housing
sidewall of the pair of housing sidewalls, wherein the pair of cap sidewalls extends from the upper surface of the cap away
from the first tube bundle, such that the pair of cap sidewalls at least partially overlaps with the pair of housing sidewalls,
wherein the cap comprises a pair of flanges extending from opposed second edges of the upper surface of the cap to the top
surface of the housing, and wherein a distance between the pair of flanges of the cap is less than a length of tubes of the
second tube bundle.

US Pat. No. 9,660,237

MANIFOLD VENT CHANNEL FOR A BATTERY MODULE

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A battery module, comprising:
a housing comprising a lid;
a battery cell disposed in the housing and comprising a battery cell terminal and a battery cell vent, wherein the battery
cell terminal and the battery cell vent are on an end of the battery cell, and the battery cell vent is configured to exhaust
battery cell effluent into the housing;

a printed circuit board disposed in the housing, wherein the printed circuit board is positioned in an immediate vent direction
of the battery cell effluent;

a vent shield channel positioned between the battery cell vent and the printed circuit board along the immediate vent direction
of the battery cell effluent, wherein the vent shield channel is mounted directly onto a surface of the printed circuit board
facing toward the cell vent, and the vent shield channel is configured to block the battery cell effluent from contacting
the printed circuit board and to redirect the battery cell effluent along a desired vent path; and

a module vent fluidly coupled to the desired vent path and configured to direct the battery cell effluent out of the battery
module.

US Pat. No. 9,541,114

FASTENING ELEMENT AND METHOD FOR MOUNTING SAME

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A securing element for positive-locking, materially engaging and/or non-positive-locking arrangement on or in a composite
fiber component comprising:
a sleeve with an outer side and an inner side, wherein the outer side and the inner side are directly opposite each other
through a wall of the sleeve,

wherein the inner side of the sleeve includes an inner thread;
an acutely tapering conical portion at a first end of the sleeve,
wherein the conical portion includes a plurality of slots which are orientated in the direction of a longitudinal extent of
the securing element and which consequently subdivide the conical portion into individual segments;

a retention portion at a second end of the sleeve,
wherein the retention portion is bent at right-angles away from the sleeve and which consequently increases an outer diameter
of the sleeve and forms planar abutment faces; and

a material weakening in a transition region between the sleeve and the conical portion.

US Pat. No. 9,511,687

SEAT ADJUSTMENT DEVICE FOR VERTICAL ADJUSTMENT OF A VEHICLE SEAT

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A seat adjustment device which adjusts a height of a seating element relative to a body of a vehicle, wherein the seating
element comprises a structure, wherein a guiding element is provided at the structure, which restricts a movement of the seating
element during a height adjustment,
wherein the seat adjustment device further comprises a bracket including a structural element and displacer element located
between the bracket and the structure;

wherein the structural element is engaged with a slotted hole of the displacer element and the guiding element;
wherein the guiding element is a slotted hole having a main direction of extension arranged parallel to a vertical direction;
wherein the main direction of extension of the slotted hole is tilted relative to a horizontal direction;
wherein the displacer element is moved in the horizontal direction and thereby lowers and lifts the seating element; and
wherein the guiding element restricts the movement of the seating element to the vertical direction.

US Pat. No. 9,509,243

AUTOMATIC ACTUATOR CALIBRATION USING BACK EMF

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A self-calibrating linear actuator configured to control a spring return valve with variable stroke, wherein the actuator
comprises:
a motor;
a spindle coupled to an output of the motor;
a motor controller coupled to the motor;
a microcontroller coupled to the motor controller;
a back electromotive force (BEMF) circuit, coupled to the motor, configured to provide to the microcontroller a BEMF value
for each motor step,

wherein the microcontroller is configured to cause the actuator to:
drive the spindle downward for a first predetermined number of motor steps at power on;
drive the spindle upward until upper stall point is reached, wherein the spindle is determined to have reached the upper stall
point when the BEMF value is measured to be zero;

drive the spindle downward from the upper stall point until stroke end stall point is reached, wherein the spindle is determined
to have reached the stroke end stall point when the BEMF value is measured to be zero;

drive the spindle upward from the stroke end stall point to the upper stall point, wherein the microcontroller is configured
to count a first number of motor steps from the stroke end stall point to the upper stall point, and store the first number
of motor steps;

drive the spindle downward from the upper stall point for a second predetermined number of motor steps, wherein the microcontroller
is configured to measure a BEMF value for each of the second predetermined number of motor steps, and calculate and store
a mean average of the BEMF values for the second predetermined number of motor steps;

drive the spindle downward beyond the second predetermined number of motor steps, wherein the microcontroller is configured
to measure BEMF value for each motor step and count a second number of motor steps until touch point is reached, wherein the
spindle is determined to have reached the touch point when the BEMF value is measured to be lower than the stored average
BEMF value by a predetermined threshold; and

wherein the microcontroller is configured to subtract the second predetermined number of motor steps and the second number
of motor steps from the first number of motor steps, and store the difference of number of motor steps,

wherein the difference of number of motor steps is calibrated touch point for the actuator.

US Pat. No. 9,490,733

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING A PERMANENT MAGNET SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A method for controlling a synchronous motor by determining a rotor position of the synchronous motor by estimating a flux
linkage, the method comprising:
applying a voltage of a stator winding of the motor to a transfer function, the transfer function comprising an S-domain integration
operation and an error correction variable;

processing an output of the transfer function to compensate for the error correction variable introduced in the transfer function;
generating an estimated flux linkage;
computing an angle of the rotor position based on the estimated flux linkage;
inputting the computed rotor position to a controller;
predicting a stator current value at a next time interval by determining an ?-axis current and a ?-axis current and applying
the ?-axis current and the ?-axis current to a current prediction model;

predicting a q-axis current and a d-axis current, wherein the predicted q-axis current is determined by:

and the predicted d-axis current is determined by:

wherein,
VqsN and VdsN are the q- and d-axis voltages at an Nth sampling interval;

iqsN and idsN are the q- and d-axis currents at the Nth sampling interval;

iqsN+1 and idsN+1 are the predicted q- and d-axis currents at an (N+1)th sampling interval;

?qsN and ?dsN are the q- and d-axis flux linkages at the Nth sampling interval;

?r is the rotor speed;

providing, by the controller, a control signal for the motor based on the computed rotor position; and
using the control signal to operate the motor by adjusting a position or speed of the motor based on the control signal.

US Pat. No. 9,475,359

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DISPLAYING A HIERARCHICAL SET OF BUILDING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM INFORMATION

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A computerized method for graphically displaying a non-graphical hierarchical set of information from a building management
system (BMS) information, the method comprising:
receiving a causal relationship model that defines directional causal relationships between a plurality of software defined
building objects;

using the causal relationship model to generate a non-graphical hierarchical set of BMS information having multiple hierarchical
levels, wherein each level of the non-graphical hierarchical set of BMS information includes at least one of the software
defined building objects hierarchically arranged according to the directional causal relationships defined by the causal relationship
model, wherein at least one of the software defined building objects is a lower level software defined building object which
has an attribute mapped to an input from a sensory device of the building management system, wherein the input is based on
a variable measured by the sensory device, and wherein another of the software defined building objects is a higher level
software defined building object representing building equipment configured to affect the measured attribute of the lower
level software defined building object, as defined by the causal relationship model, by operating the building equipment;

processing the non-graphical hierarchical set of BMS information to determine and render a graphical shape for each of the
software defined building objects, wherein the shapes for lower level software defined building objects are rendered as nested
within the shapes for higher level software defined building objects; and

causing display of the rendered and nested shapes on a graphical user interface shown on an electronic display system, wherein
each shape is displayed with indicia for the software defined building object associated with each shape and wherein the display
of a shape for a higher level software defined building object concurrently displays a hierarchically nested shape for a lower
level software defined building object at each lower level of the hierarchical set.

US Pat. No. 9,419,315

POLYMERIZED LITHIUM ION BATTERY CELLS AND MODULES WITH PERMEABILITY MANAGEMENT FEATURES

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A lithium ion (Li-ion) battery module, comprising:
a container comprising one or more partitions that define a plurality of compartments within the container, wherein each of
the plurality of compartments is configured to receive and hold a prismatic Li-ion electrochemical cell element and electrolyte;
and

a cover configured to be disposed over the container to close the compartments;
wherein the container comprises a polymer blend comprising a base polymer and a nanomaterial blended into the base polymer,
wherein the base polymer is electrically nonconductive, wherein the nanomaterial is configured to enhance the impermeability
of the container to reduce ingress of moisture into the compartments and to reduce egress of the electrolyte from the compartments,
and wherein the nanomaterial comprises nanocellulosic fibers.

US Pat. No. 9,390,388

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MEASURING AND VERIFYING ENERGY USAGE IN A BUILDING

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A computerized method for determining the end of a measurement and verification period in a building management system,
the method comprising:
calculating, for a plurality of periods, a target amount of energy savings predicted to result from energy conservation measures
in a building, the target amount representing a threshold energy savings which, if achieved, causes the building management
system to end the measurement and verification period;

measuring an actual energy usage of the building during the measurement and verification period using one or more energy meters,
the measured actual energy usage resulting from the energy conservation measures;

calculating, for a plurality of periods, a least amount of energy savings resulting from the energy conservation measures
in the building, wherein the least amount is a lower confidence bound on an actual amount of energy savings resulting from
the energy conservation measures and is calculated using the measured actual energy usage;

comparing the target amount to the least amount;
determining a recommendation to end the measurement and verification period, before the normal end of a maximum measurement
and verification period, in response to the least amount being greater than the target amount;

determining a recommendation to continue the measurement and verification period, in response to the least amount being less
than the target amount, to determine whether the previous energy conservation measures will achieve the target amount of energy
savings in the future;

outputting an indication of the recommendation to at least one of: a memory device, a user device, and another device of the
building management system; and

in response to a recommendation to end the measurement and verification period, causing the building management system to
automatically stop a measurement and verification process before the normal end of the measurement and verification period.

US Pat. No. 10,075,117

MULTI-PULSE CONSTANT VOLTAGE TRANSFORMER FOR A VARIABLE SPEED DRIVE IN CHILLER APPLICATIONS

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A variable speed drive system configured to receive an input AC power at a fixed AC input voltage magnitude and frequency and provide an output AC power at a variable voltage and variable frequency, the variable speed drive comprising:a multiple pulse transformer, connected to a three-phase AC power source providing the input AC voltage;
a converter configured to convert the input AC voltage to a DC voltage;
a DC link connected to the converter stage, the DC link being configured to filter and store the DC voltage from the converter stage; and
an inverter connected to the DC link, the inverter being configured to convert the DC voltage from the DC link into the output AC power having the variable voltage and the variable frequency;
the multiple pulse transformer comprising:
three primary windings, each of the primary windings connected to a phase of the three-phase AC power source, each of the primary windings comprising a plurality of input terminals, wherein a first input terminal of the plurality of input terminals is wound for a first utility voltage available at the AC power source and a second input terminal of the plurality of input terminals is wound for a second utility voltage available at the AC power source, and wherein the first utility voltage is different than the second utility voltage;
a plurality of secondary windings, each secondary winding comprising three phase windings respectively, each phase winding of the respective secondary winding comprising a predetermined phase shift with respect to a corresponding phase winding of the remaining secondary windings;
wherein the phase shifting of the phase windings results in three sinusoidal output voltage waves for each secondary winding, the sinusoidal output voltage waves being substantially evenly spaced over 360 degrees.

US Pat. No. 9,614,210

BATTERY MODULE VENT SYSTEM AND METHOD

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A battery module comprising:
a housing having an interior defined by multiple sides, one side of which is a lid, wherein the lid has a baffle that extends
toward the interior of the housing;

lithium ion electrochemical cells disposed in the housing, each cell having a vent through which gases may be vented;
a first chamber defined by interior aspects of the housing, wherein the first chamber receives vented gases directed in a
first direction from the electrochemical cells;

a surface of the first chamber, wherein the surface is configured to redirect a flow of the vented gases in a second direction,
the second direction being oriented transverse relative to the first direction and oriented transverse relative to an expulsion
direction of the vented gases along which the vented gases are expelled from the housing;

a second chamber defined partially by the lid, wherein the second chamber receives the vented gases from the first chamber
and directs the vented gases from the housing along the expulsion direction; and

a third chamber partially defined by the baffle and the lid, wherein the third chamber is positioned adjacent to the second
chamber, separated from the second chamber by the baffle, and substantially sealed away from the first and second chambers.

US Pat. No. 9,597,988

METHOD OF LASER WELDING TWIP STEEL TO LOW CARBON STEEL

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A method of laser welding together a vehicle seat having different steel grades, the method comprising the steps of:
providing a first seat structure having a first end, an opposed second end, an outer surface and an inner surface, the first
seat structure made from a first steel grade;

providing a second seat structure having a first end, an opposed second end, an outer surface, and an inner surface, the second
seat structure made from a second steel grade;

positioning the first seat structure first end adjacent the second seat structure first end to create a weld zone area, wherein
at least a portion of the first seat structure first end overlaps at least a portion of the second seat structure first end;

selecting a filler material having a composition that will create a weld joint between the first seat structure first end,
the second seat structure first end and the filler material such that the weld joint has a predetermined microstructure;

positioning the filler material adjacent the weld zone area; and
directing a laser beam at the weld zone area to form a weld joint between the first seat structure first end, the second seat
structure first end, and the filler material, wherein the weld joint has a predetermined microstructure to form the vehicle
seat;

wherein the first steel grade is made from TWIP steel;
wherein the second steel grade is made from low to medium carbon steel;
wherein the welding joint has an austenitic microstructure; and
wherein the filler material is a STS310 filler material having a nickel and chromium equivalency that is austenitic.

US Pat. No. 9,537,185

WELDING TECHNIQUES FOR POLYMERIZED LITHIUM ION BATTERY CELLS AND MODULES

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A method for manufacturing a lithium ion (Li-ion) battery cell, comprising:
disposing a Li-ion electrochemical cell element into a housing through an opening in a bottom of the housing opposite to terminal
openings in a top of the housing, wherein the housing comprises a side wall coupled to and extending from the top of the housing
to form the opening in the bottom of the housing, wherein the housing comprises an electrically nonconductive polymeric material;

disposing a cover over the opening in the bottom of the housing such that a first ridge extending along the side wall of the
housing contacts a plurality of second ridges oriented substantially perpendicular to the first ridge and disposed on the
cover, wherein the cover comprises an electrically nonconductive polymeric material; and

sealing the cover to the housing via a weld, wherein the weld is configured to resist or prevent ingress of moisture into
the housing and to resist or prevent egress of electrolyte from the housing.

US Pat. No. 9,520,587

BUS BAR ASSEMBLY CARRIER

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A battery module comprising:
a housing having an opening;
a plurality of electrochemical cells disposed in the housing, wherein the plurality of electrochemical cells have electrode
terminals;

a carrier defined by an outside boundary and coupled to the plurality of electrochemical cells, wherein the carrier comprises
recesses having different orientations, and wherein the outside boundary of the carrier and the housing are in a nested arrangement;
and

a bus bar assembly disposed on the carrier, the bus bar assembly comprising bus bars that electrically couple the electrode
terminal of one of the plurality of electrochemical cells to a respective electrode terminal of another one of the plurality
of electrochemical cells, and wherein the bus bars are positioned within the recesses of the carrier such that the different
orientations of the recesses cause the bus bars to place the electrochemical cells in a predetermined electrical arrangement.

US Pat. No. 9,469,223

VEHICLE SEAT

Johnson Controls Technolo...

10. A vehicle seat comprising a seat part and a backrest, wherein the seat part and the backrest are adjustable relative to
one another by an adjustment mechanism, a base plate receiving the adjustment mechanism is provided, the base plate has at
least two passage openings through which the base plate is connected to the seat part by fasteners, one of the passage openings
is configured as a slot, a link plate at a first end is fastened to the seat part by a front fastener of the fasteners, a
second end of the link plate is aligned in an approximately horizontal direction and is connected to the seat part, and the
link plate is configured to be plastically deformed in an event of a rear impact as a result of a limited adjustment movement
such that the link plate is bent between the first end and the second end;
wherein two link plates are provided, the two link plates are fastened to the base plate at their opposing ends by the fasteners,
the other ends of the link plates are arranged on top of one another centrally between the fasteners and are fastened to the
base plate with a fastening pin in a second slot, and the second slot extends substantially parallel to a direction of travel.

US Pat. No. 9,429,345

HEAT-PUMP CHILLER WITH IMPROVED HEAT RECOVERY FEATURES

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A heating and cooling system, comprising:
an evaporator configured to receive a flow of refrigerant and a first fluid stream for heat exchange with the refrigerant,
wherein the evaporator is configured to facilitate evaporation of the refrigerant during operation of the evaporator;

a compressor configured to receive the refrigerant from the evaporator and configured to compress the refrigerant during operation
of the compressor;

a condenser configured to receive the refrigerant from the compressor and configured to receive a second fluid stream for
heat exchange with the refrigerant, wherein the condenser is configured to facilitate condensation of the refrigerant during
operation of the condenser;

a heat exchanger configured to receive the refrigerant from the condenser and configured to transfer the refrigerant to the
evaporator;

a first control valve between the condenser and the heat exchanger;
a second control valve between the heat exchanger and the evaporator; and
control circuitry configured to:
modulate the first control valve to facilitate expansion of the refrigerant while the second control valve is open in a first
operational mode of the heat exchanger, and

configured to modulate the second control valve to facilitate expansion of the refrigerant while the first control valve is
open in a second operational mode of the heat exchanger.

US Pat. No. 9,395,111

MOTOR COOLING METHOD FOR A COMPRESSOR

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A cooling circuit for a compressor motor (170) and bearings (194, 204, 196, 206), the compressor motor (170) comprising a motor housing (174) with a cavity (190) that includes a stator (176) positioned within the housing (174) and a rotor (178) within the stator (176), and bearings centering the rotor within the stator, wherein the cooling circuit is characterized by:
a motor inlet (172) in the motor housing (174) providing refrigerant liquid to the motor (170);

a spacer (180) extending 360° around the stator (176) and positioned between the motor housing (174) and the stator;

a gap between the spacer (180) and the stator (176) through which refrigerant liquid from the motor inlet (172) passes, the refrigerant liquid removing heat from the stator (176) and the motor housing (174) as the refrigerant changes state from liquid to a gas fluid;

an alignment pin (222) extending through the motor housing (174) and the stator (176), preventing relative rotation of the motor housing, the stator and the spacer (182);

an expansion device (186) reducing the pressure of refrigerant fluid while converting it to a two phase mixture;

a first fluid passageway (188) that provides communications between refrigerant in the gap and the expansion device (186);

a second fluid passageway (192) that receives two phase refrigerant mixture from the expansion device (186) while routing the refrigerant mixture to the motor housing cavity (174);

a liquid outlet (200) to remove liquid refrigerant condensed from the mixture out of the motor housing (174);

a stator/rotor annulus (202) between the stator and the rotor that receives the two phase refrigerant mixture from the second fluid passageway at a first
end of the motor housing (174); and

an evaporation vent (208) removing refrigerant fluid from a second end of the motor housing after passing through the annulus (202) and cooling bearings, the rotor and the stator.

US Pat. No. 9,102,254

METHOD FOR PRODUCING HEAD RESTRAINTS FOR VEHICLE SEATS AND ONE SUCH HEAD RESTRAINT

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A head restraint for a vehicle seat comprising a head restraint body and at least one retaining element, wherein a cover
is provided at least partially on an outer face of the head restraint body, the cover forming a surface of the head restraint,
and wherein the cover is formed from at least one front portion and one rear portion, which are configured to be coupled together
in the manner of a balloon or bag by at least one connecting seam, and wherein the head restraint comprises a profile element
having a plurality of indentations arranged on an outer face of the profile element to facilitate flexibility of the profile
element, and the profile element is incorporated at least partially into the at least one connecting seam, forming a shoulder,
projection and/or an edge on the surface of the head restraint.

US Pat. No. 9,061,649

MOULDED TRIM COMPONENT FOR COVERING AN AIRBAG IN A MOTOR VEHICLE

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A molded trim component for covering an airbag in a motor vehicle, comprising:
a support which is weakened along an opening line adjoining an opening cover;
an intermediate layer arranged on the support, the intermediate layer being weakened along a tear-open line; and
a decorative layer made of leather arranged on the intermediate layer, the decorative layer having no local weakening in the
region of the tear-open line in the intermediate layer;

wherein the decorative layer is adhesively bonded over the surface of the intermediate layer at least in the region of the
tear-open line in the intermediate layer or at least in the vicinity of the tear-open line, and wherein the tear-open line
in the intermediate layer is positioned outward of the opening line from the opening cover.

US Pat. No. 9,856,876

ROTARY SCREW COMPRESSORS UTILIZING VISCOUS DAMPING FOR VIBRATION REDUCTION

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A system for damping vibrations in a screw compressor, comprising:
a compressor housing;
at least one rotor further comprising a helical screw mounted in the compressor housing, the at least one rotor having a shaft
with a first axial end and a second axial end;

radial bearings positioned near each end of the shaft, the radial bearings precisely positioning the at least one rotor in
the compressor housing in a radial direction within a first predetermined clearance range;

a stationary squeeze film damper positioned in parallel to each of the radial bearings and adjacent the radial bearings, the
stationary squeeze film damper having a second predetermined clearance range greater than the first predetermined clearance
range of the radial bearings with the at least one rotor;

a damper bearing of the stationary squeeze film damper, wherein the damper bearing is selected from the group of bearings
consisting of hydrodynamic bearings and anti-friction bearings, the damper bearing transferring radial movement of the shaft
to the stationary squeeze film damper;

at least one thrust bearing mounted on the shaft of the at least one rotor, the at least one thrust bearing counteracting
axial forces on the at least one rotor;

a lubricant source;
a conduit from the lubricant source to the stationary squeeze film damper providing lubricant from the lubricant source to
the stationary squeeze film damper;

at least one of a cooler and a pressure pump downstream of the lubricant source and upstream of the stationary squeeze film
damper with respect to a flow of the lubricant from the lubricant source to the stationary squeeze film damper, wherein the
lubricant provided from the lubricant source is maintained below its bubble point;

wherein the lubricant provided to the stationary squeeze film damper provides a viscous damping of periodic radial motion
of the at least one rotor, the lubricant occupying the second predetermined clearance range within the stationary squeeze
film damper between the at least one rotor and a wall of the stationary squeeze film damper.

US Pat. No. 9,641,122

HVAC ACTUATOR WITH AUTOMATIC END STOP RECALIBRATION

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. An actuator in a HVAC system, the actuator comprising:
a motor;
a drive device driven by the motor and coupled to a movable HVAC component for driving the movable HVAC component between
multiple positions bounded by one or more end stops; and

a main actuator controller comprising:
end stop location memory that stores one or more end stop locations indicating expected locations of the one or more end stops;
and

an end stop location recalibrator that runs an automatic recalibration process to determine and set recalibrated end stop
locations in response to detecting that the drive device has unexpectedly stalled at a location other than a stored end stop
location.

US Pat. No. 9,590,540

HYBRID PULSE WIDTH MODULATION METHOD FOR VARIABLE SPEED DRIVE

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A method for controlling a variable speed drive (VSD) using a hybrid pulse width modulation (PWM) method comprising:
providing a compressor, a condenser, and an evaporator connected in a closed refrigerant loop; a motor connected to the compressor
to power the compressor; and the variable speed drive connected to the motor, the variable speed drive being configured to
receive an input AC power at a fixed input AC voltage and a fixed input frequency and provide an output power at a variable
voltage and variable frequency to the motor;

determining an optimal threshold input current value for the variable speed drive;
determining an actual input current value of the variable speed drive;
comparing the actual current input value of the VSD with an optimal threshold current input value of the VSD;
applying a first PWM method comprising a continuous PWM method in response to the input current being less than the predetermined
threshold input current value; and

applying a second PWM method comprising a discontinuous PWM method in response to the input current being greater than the
predetermined threshold value.

US Pat. No. 9,527,402

SWITCHED PASSIVE ARCHITECTURES FOR BATTERIES HAVING TWO DIFFERENT CHEMISTRIES

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A 12 volt automotive battery system, comprising:
a first battery configured to be coupled to an electrical system, wherein the first battery comprises a first battery chemistry;
a second battery coupled in parallel with the first battery and configured to be selectively coupled to the electrical system
via a first switch, wherein the second battery comprises a second battery chemistry that has a higher coulombic efficiency
than the first battery chemistry, and the first switch is configured to couple the second battery to the electrical system
during regenerative braking to enable the second battery to capture a majority of power generated during regenerative braking,
and wherein the first switch is configured to uncouple the second battery from the electrical system when regenerative braking
is not occurring; and

a variable voltage alternator configured to output a first voltage during regenerative braking to charge the second battery
and to output a second voltage otherwise, wherein the first voltage is higher than the second voltage;

wherein the first battery is selectively coupled to the electrical system via a second switch, wherein the second switch is
configured to disconnect the first battery during regenerative braking when the first voltage output by the variable voltage
alternator is higher than a maximum charging voltage of the first battery.

US Pat. No. 9,494,652

VOLTAGE AND TEMPERATURE SENSING OF BATTERY CELL GROUPS

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A sensing apparatus configured to be used with a battery system comprising a plurality of battery cells, wherein each of
the plurality of battery cells comprises a terminal on a respective first side configured to be electrically connected to
a bus bar and the sensing apparatus comprises:
an elongated substrate configured to extend along a respective second side of each of the plurality of battery cells, wherein
the respective second side is different from the respective first side; and

a plurality of voltage sensors coupled to the elongated substrate, wherein each of the plurality of voltage sensors is configured
to directly contact a surface on the respective second side of a respective one of the plurality of battery cells to facilitate
determining voltage across the respective one of the plurality of battery cells.

US Pat. No. 9,487,117

METHOD FOR PRODUCING A CUSHION ELEMENT AND METHOD AND TOOL FOR THE PRODUCTION THERETO

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A method for producing a cushion element, in which a component configured to form a three-dimensional separating zone is
placed into a die and subsequently at least one first foamable compound is introduced into a first space region in the die,
wherein during foaming of the at least one first foamable compound, the component is shaped to form a three-dimensional separating
element between a first foamed cushion region and a second space region in the die, and wherein the second space region remains
hollow during the foaming of the at least one first foamable compound;
wherein the component is placed substantially two-dimensionally into the die before the at least one first foamable compound
is introduced, and during the shaping to form the three-dimensional separating element, the component is pressed against an
abutment in the die; and

wherein before the at least one first foamable compound is introduced, the component is clamped so as to be capable of slipping
in the die.

US Pat. No. 9,484,732

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SEALING MOTOR TERMINALS

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A wire insulator for sealing motor terminals, comprising:
an insulator/separator member, a cap portion, a tube and potting epoxy;
the insulator/separator member comprising a plurality of apertures, the apertures configured for receiving and threading a
plurality of wire strands through the insulator/separator member, wherein the plurality of wire strands are separated and
insulated from adjacent wire strands to create a space for the potting epoxy to seal each of the wire strands from an environmental
atmosphere;

the cap portion configured to terminate the wire strands; and
the tube surrounding the cap portion, the insulator/separator member, the potting epoxy, and at least a portion of the plurality
of wire strands;

wherein each wire of the plurality of wire strands further comprises insulation and at least one end, and each wire of the
plurality of wire strands is stripped of insulation at the at least one end to expose a conductor for termination inside the
cap portion; and

a recessed stub portion, the cap portion insertable into the recessed stub portion;
and a stud member attached to the recessed stub portion;
the stud member mounted to an insulator board.

US Pat. No. 9,450,275

POLYMERIZED LITHIUM ION BATTERY CELLS AND MODULES WITH OVERMOLDED HEAT SINKS

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A lithium ion (Li-ion) battery cell, comprising:
a prismatic housing having a first side wall and a second side wall opposite to the first side wall, wherein the first and
second side walls are coupled to and extend from a base portion of the housing, wherein the housing is configured to receive
and hold a prismatic Li-ion electrochemical cell element, and wherein the housing comprises an electrically nonconductive
polymeric material; and

a heat sink overmolded by the electrically nonconductive polymeric material of the housing such that the heat sink comprises
a first leg retained in the first side wall of the housing, a second leg retained in the second side wall of the housing,
and a connecting base member extending continuously between the first leg and the second leg, wherein the connecting base
member is disposed along the base portion of the housing such that a first face of the connecting base member contacts the
base portion of the housing and a second face of the connecting base member faces away from the base portion of the housing.

US Pat. No. 9,395,708

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ADAPTIVE SAMPLING RATE ADJUSTMENT

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A method for adaptively and automatically adjusting a sampling rate in a feedback control system, the method comprising:
monitoring an error signal for a disturbance event, wherein the error signal is based on a difference between a setpoint and
a feedback signal received from a control process;

evaluating the error signal to estimate a time constant of the control process in response to a detected disturbance event,
wherein the time constant is a parameter that characterizes a response of the control process to the disturbance event and
is estimated by evaluating a portion of the error signal associated with the disturbance event; and

determining and using a sampling rate for the feedback control system based on the estimated time constant.

US Pat. No. 10,101,731

LOW LEVEL CENTRAL PLANT OPTIMIZATION

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A controller for a central plant having a plurality of subplants that serve thermal energy loads of a building or building system, the controller comprising:a processing circuit comprising a processor and memory, wherein the processing circuit is configured to identify a thermal energy load setpoint for a subplant of the central plant, wherein the thermal energy load setpoint is generated by a high level optimization that determines optimum thermal energy load setpoints for each of the plurality of subplants by optimally distributing a predicted thermal energy load for the building across the plurality of subplants;
a low level optimization module comprising a binary optimization module of the processing circuit configured to use binary optimization to determine one or more feasible on/off configurations for equipment of the subplant to achieve the thermal energy load setpoint generated by the high level optimization;
the low level optimization module comprising a setpoint evaluator module of the processing circuit configured to determine optimum operating setpoints for the subplant equipment for each feasible on/off configuration;
the low level optimization module configured to generate a resource consumption curve for the subplant by optimizing an amount of resource consumption by the subplant for several different combinations of thermal energy load and weather conditions, the resource consumption curve indicating a minimum amount of resource consumption by the subplant as a function of a thermal energy load on the subplant;
a subplant control module of the processing circuit configured to generate operating parameters for the subplant equipment, the operating parameters comprising at least one of the feasible on/off configurations and the optimum operating setpoints; and
a communications interface coupled to the processing circuit and configured to output the generated operating parameters for use in controlling the subplant equipment.

US Pat. No. 10,062,892

SWITCHED PASSIVE ARCHITECTURES FOR BATTERIES HAVING TWO DIFFERENT CHEMISTRIES

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A method for implementing a 12 volt automotive battery system, comprising:electrically coupling a first battery to an electrical system, wherein the first battery comprises a first battery chemistry;
electrically coupling a second battery and a first switch in parallel with the first battery to enable the first switch to selectively couple the second battery to the electrical system, wherein:
the second battery comprises a second battery chemistry that has a higher coulombic efficiency than the first battery chemistry; and
electrically coupling the second battery and the first switch in parallel with the first battery comprises electrically coupling the first switch between the second battery and the electrical system to enable the first switch to:
electrically connect the second battery to the electrical system during regenerative braking to enable the second battery to capture a majority of electrical power generated during regenerative braking; and
electrically disconnect the second battery from the electrical system during a period when regenerative braking is not occurring; and
electrically coupling a variable voltage alternator that outputs a first voltage during regenerative braking to charge the second battery and outputs a second voltage otherwise to the first switch, wherein the first voltage is higher than the second voltage; and
communicatively coupling battery control unit to the first battery, the second battery, the first switch the electrical system, the variable voltage alternator, or any combination thereof to enable the battery control unit to maintain the first battery generally at a full state of charge before regenerative braking to enable the first battery to steer the electrical power generated during regenerative braking to the second battery using internal resistance of the first battery.

US Pat. No. 9,654,017

STRUCTURAL FRAME COOLING MANIFOLD

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A variable speed drive system configured to receive as an input AC power at a fixed AC input voltage magnitude and frequency
and provide an output AC power at a variable voltage and a variable frequency, the variable speed drive system comprising:
a converter adapted to be coupled to an AC power source providing the input AC voltage, the converter being configured to
convert the input AC voltage to a DC voltage;

a DC link connected to the converter, the DC link being configured to filter the DC voltage and to store energy from the converter;
and

an inverter connected to the DC link, the inverter being configured to convert the DC voltage from the DC link into the output
AC power having the variable voltage and the variable frequency, the inverter comprising:

at least one power electronics module and associated circuitry;
a heat sink in thermal communication with the power electronics module and in cooling fluid communication with a manifold,
the manifold including a hollow tubular member having at least one port for conducting the cooling fluid into the manifold
and at least one port for conducting the cooling fluid out of the manifold, at least one bracket for attaching the manifold
to a structural frame of the power electronics and at least one bracket for attaching a power electronics module to the manifold,
whereby the manifold provides a dual function of providing structural support for the frame and support for the electronic
module while simultaneously providing a conduit for the cooling fluid using the same space.

US Pat. No. 9,469,212

ENERGY STORAGE CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHOD

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A computing system, comprising:
a processor and a memory storing instructions that are operable, when executed by the processor, to instruct the processor
to perform a method to measure a state of an energy storage device during a rest period, wherein the energy storage device
is configured to provide power over a power network, the method comprising:

establishing one or more rest periods of the energy storage device to enable an estimation of the state of the energy storage
device by using a controller to maintain a reduced current across the energy storage device or by physically decoupling the
energy storage device from the power network;

receiving information regarding the state of the energy storage device from a sensor during the one or more rest periods,
and storing the information about the state of the energy storage device during the one or more rest periods;

determining a level of confidence in an accuracy of the information regarding the state of the energy storage device;
determining a level of disruption to normal operation of the power network that would be caused by maintaining the reduced
current across the energy storage device or by decoupling the energy storage device from the power network, wherein the level
of disruption is based at least in part on an ability of an electrical power producing unit to support a load amount when
maintaining the reduced current across the energy storage device or decoupling the energy storage device; and

determining when to establish a new rest period to perform a new state measurement of the energy storage device based on both
the level of confidence and the level of disruption.

US Pat. No. 9,457,743

BATTERY TERMINAL POST SYSTEM AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURE

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A battery module, comprising:
a plurality of battery cells;
a bus bar directly, physically, and electrically coupled to one of the plurality of battery cells; and
a battery terminal configured to carry voltage from the bus bar without physically contacting the plurality of battery cells,
wherein the battery terminal comprises:

a generally elongated and cylindrical terminal portion;
a connector coupled to the bus bar, wherein the connector is integral with the terminal portion; and
a bent portion disposed between the terminal portion and the connector, wherein the bent portion is integral with the connector
and terminal portion, and wherein the bent portion comprises a U-shaped bend between the terminal portion and the connector.

US Pat. No. 10,113,782

STAGING ACTIVE COOLING START-UP

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A method for controlling an interior region temperature, comprising:measuring an interior region temperature;
comparing the measured interior region temperature to an interior region set point temperature;
engaging an active cooling mode of a heating, ventilating, air conditioning, and refrigeration (HVAC&R) system when a difference in the measured interior region temperature and the set point temperature exceeds a predetermined amount;
calculating a step number of a plurality of compressors of the HVAC&R system based on an operating parameter of a mixed air stream, wherein the mixed air stream comprises outdoor air, return air, or both;
determining a compressor staging cycle of the plurality of compressors based on the step number, wherein the compressor staging cycle comprises a first compressor of the plurality of compressors and a second compressor of the plurality of compressors;
activating the first compressor of the plurality of compressors; and
activating the second compressor after a predetermined amount of time passes from activation of the first compressor.

US Pat. No. 10,047,967

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ADAPTIVE CONTROL OF STAGING FOR OUTDOOR MODULATING UNIT

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A thermostat communicably and operatively coupled to a multi-stage heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) system operable in a plurality of stages, the thermostat comprising:a memory configured to store operating conditions for previously run conditioning events of the multi-stage HVAC system; and
a controller configured to:
receive first temperature data from a first temperature sensor indicative of a current indoor ambient temperature inside a building;
receive second temperature data from a second temperature sensor indicative of a current outdoor ambient temperature outside of the building;
receive a temperature setpoint for a desired indoor ambient temperature of the building;
determine a severity of a call for conditioning for a current conditioning event based on at least one of the current indoor ambient temperature, the current outdoor ambient temperature, and the temperature setpoint;
operate the multi-stage HVAC system in one of the plurality of stages for the current conditioning event based on the severity of the call for conditioning for the current conditioning event and the operating conditions for a respective previously run conditioning event to drive the current indoor ambient temperature towards the temperature setpoint; and
increase the one of the plurality of stages of the multi-stage HVAC system in response to a stage run time exceeding a stage run time threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,568,204

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR RAPID DISTURBANCE DETECTION AND RESPONSE

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A method for detecting and responding to disturbances in a HVAC system using a noisy measurement signal and a signal filter,
the method comprising:
detecting a deviation in the noisy measurement signal, wherein the noisy measurement signal measures a supply line voltage
of the HVAC system;

resetting the signal filter in response to the detected deviation exceeding a noise threshold, wherein resetting the signal
filter comprises increasing a covariance parameter used by the signal filter to calculate a weight assigned to a current value
of the noisy measurement signal, which causes the signal filter to assign a relatively lesser weight to a previous estimate
of the supply line voltage and a relatively greater weight to the current value of the noisy measurement signal, thereby increasing
a responsiveness of the signal filter to changes in the noisy measurement signal;

filtering the noisy measurement signal using the reset signal filter to determine a new estimate of the supply line voltage;
determining whether a disturbance has occurred by comparing the new estimate of the supply line voltage to both a brownout
voltage threshold and a blackout voltage threshold less than the brownout voltage threshold, wherein both the brownout voltage
threshold and the blackout voltage threshold are different from the noise threshold;

deactivating one or more active power relays in response to a determination that the new estimate of the supply line voltage
is less than the blackout voltage threshold; and

preventing one or more inactive power relays from activating in response to a determination that the new estimate of the supply
line voltage is between the blackout voltage threshold and the brownout voltage threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,440,601

SYSTEM FOR PROVIDING VOLTAGE MEASUREMENTS OF BATTERY CELLS TO A PCB WITHIN A BATTERY MODULE

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A battery module, comprising:
a housing;
a plurality of battery cells disposed in the housing;
a printed circuit board disposed above the plurality of battery cells, wherein the printed circuit board comprises voltage
sensing circuitry;

a plurality of bus bar cell interconnect assemblies each configured to directly contact and electrically couple adjacent battery
cells of the plurality of battery cells; and

a plurality of voltage sense connection tabs each comprising a first end mounted to the printed circuit board and a second
end directly coupled to a plate contact end of a respective bus bar cell interconnect assembly of the plurality of bus bar
cell interconnect assemblies via a weld, wherein each of the plurality of voltage sense connection tabs is configured to carry
a voltage between the respective bus bar cell interconnect assembly and the voltage sensing circuitry on the printed circuit
board, and wherein each of the plurality of voltage sense connection tabs comprises an arced portion between the first end
and the second end.

US Pat. No. 9,437,850

BATTERY CONSTRUCTION FOR INTEGRATION OF BATTERY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM AND METHOD

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A battery module, comprising:
a housing;
a plurality of battery cells disposed in the housing;
a battery management system disposed in the housing and comprising a thermocouple, wherein the battery management system is
configured to monitor one or more operational parameters of the battery module including a battery temperature, wherein the
battery management system is electrically coupled to a positive terminal and a negative terminal of the battery module; and

a connector disposed in an outer surface of the housing, wherein the connector comprises a plurality of electrical contacts,
and wherein the connector is electrically coupled to the battery management system.