US Pat. No. 9,123,869

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE WITH A LIGHT EMITTING SEMICONDUCTOR DIE

Intellectual Discovery Co...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:
a substantially planar substrate having first and second major surfaces, the first and second major surfaces being opposed
surfaces and the substantially planar substrate having first and second side surfaces between the first and second major surfaces,
the first side surface having first and second sidewall surfaces between the first and second major surfaces;

a partial cylindrical depression extending through the substantially planar substrate between the first and second sidewall
surfaces;

an electrically conductive mounting pad located on the first major surface;
an electrically conductive bonding pad located on the first major surface adjacent to the electrically conductive mounting
pad;

a light-emitting semiconductor die having a top surface and a metalized bottom major surface that is at least partially mounted
on the electrically conductive mounting pad, wherein the metalized bottom major surface comprising one of an anode and a cathode
of the light-emitting semiconductor die is electrically connected to the electrically conductive mounting pad, and wherein
the top surface comprising the other one of the anode and the cathode of the light-emitting semiconductor die is electrically
connected to the electrically conductive bonding pad;

first and second electrically conductive connecting pads located on the second major surface;
a first electrically conductive edge interconnecting element located within the partial cylindrical depression and configured
to electrically connect the electrically conductive mounting pad and the first electrically conductive connecting pad; and

an encapsulant, through which light from the light-emitting diode will be transmitted away from the substantially planar substrate,
encapsulates the light-emitting semiconductor die, the electrically conductive mounting pad, the electrically conductive bonding
pad and at least a portion of the first major surface;

wherein the electrically conductive edge interconnecting element defines a first curvature at the second major surface; and
wherein the first electrically conductive connecting pad is spaced apart from the first and second sidewall surfaces and directly
connected to only a portion of the first curvature of the first electrically conductive edge interconnecting element.

US Pat. No. 9,207,087

SERVER, NAVIGATION SYSTEM, VEHICLE NAVIGATION SYSTEM, AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING IMAGES OF VEHICLE NAVIGATION SYSTEM

Intellectual Discovery Co...

1. A vehicle navigation system comprising:
a communication unit;
a location information module for providing location information corresponding to first image data; and
a controller configured to be connected to a vehicle video camera through the communication unit,
to obtain the first image data from the vehicle video camera through the communication unit,
to obtain location information from the location information module and
to filter a specific object included in the first image data by decreasing the resolution of the specific object included
in the first image data to lower than a predetermined value to generate second image data with a filtered portion of the first
image data corresponding to the specific object amongst an unfiltered portion of the first image data.

US Pat. No. 9,215,956

GLASS WINDOW CLEANING DEVICE AND A CONTROL METHOD THEREFOR

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A window cleaning apparatus comprising first and second cleaning units which are respectively attached on opposite surfaces
of a window using a magnetic force to move together with each other, the window cleaning apparatus comprising:
a first magnetic module provided in the first cleaning unit;
a second magnetic module provided in the second cleaning unit;
a magnetic force detection part for detecting a magnetic force between the first and second magnetic modules; and
a magnetic force control part for controlling the magnetic force between the first and second magnetic modules,
wherein the magnetic force control part is disposed on the first cleaning unit, the magnetic force detecting part is disposed
on the second cleaning unit, and a value of the magnetic force measured by the magnetic force detection part of the second
cleaning unit is wirelessly transmitted into the first cleaning unit.

US Pat. No. 9,209,373

HIGH POWER PLASTIC LEADED CHIP CARRIER WITH INTEGRATED METAL REFLECTOR CUP AND DIRECT HEAT SINK

Intellectual Discovery Co...

1. A Plastic Leaded Chip Carrier (PLCC) package, comprising:
a lead frame including a first lead having a first bottom surface and including a heat sink and a lead frame cavity integrally
formed therein, and a second lead having a second bottom surface;

a plastic housing comprising a first side surface, a second side surface opposite to the first side surface, a lower surface
positioned between the first and second side surfaces, an upper surface opposite to the bottom surface and an opening in the
upper surface exposing the lead frame cavity;

a first anchorage hole in the first bottom surface; and
a second anchorage hole in the second bottom surface,
wherein the plastic housing is at least partially formed around the lead frame such that the first bottom surface of the first
lead, which extends beyond the first side surface, and the second bottom surface of the second lead, which extends from the
heat sink and beyond the second side surface, are entirely exposed through the lower surface of the plastic housing, and

wherein the first bottom surface of the first lead and the second bottom surface of the second lead are entirely exposed through
the lower surface of the plastic housing.

US Pat. No. 9,342,960

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MANAGING ITEM LOTTERY SERVICE

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A method for managing an item lottery service, the managing method implemented in a computer comprising a processor and
a memory coupled with the processor, comprising:
displaying by the processor, using a lottery apparatus display unit, at least one item lottery apparatus for drawing lots
for at least one item among usable items in an online game on one part of an item lottery service screen of a user terminal;

displaying by the processor, using an information screen display unit, an information screen with information regarding the
usage of the item lottery service on a part of the item lottery service screen, other than a part where the item lottery apparatus
is displayed;

sensing by the processor a usage input of at least one drawing of a lot from the user terminal for any one of the at least
one item lottery apparatus; and

displaying by the processor, within the information screen, using the information screen display unit, information of at least
one item determined as being won, according to the usage input, from among at least one winnable item from any one item lottery
apparatus,

wherein ranking information predetermined according to an item effect is set in at least one item determined as being won
in each of the at least one item lottery apparatus.

US Pat. No. 9,342,985

TRAFFIC CONDITION DATA PROVIDING METHOD USING WIRELESS COMMUNICATION DEVICE AND NAVIGATION DEVICE PERFORMING THE SAME

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A navigation device comprising:
a travelling path displaying unit that searches a travelling path to a destination set by a user and displays the travelling
path on map data;

a traffic condition data receiving unit that receives traffic condition data from a content managing server through a wireless
communication device in response to a request to provide a traffic condition data over the travelling path, wherein the traffic
condition data includes a real-time image of traffic at a first point of interest over the travelling path and a real-time
message of a variable message sign for traffic, wherein the variable message sign is positioned at a second point of interest
over the travelling path,

wherein receiving the traffic condition data includes receiving traffic condition data corresponding to a point of interest
(POI) over the travelling path by analyzing the POI; and

a traffic condition data providing unit that provides the user with the received traffic condition data having both the real-time
image of traffic corresponding to the first point of interest over the travelling path and the real-time message of the variable
message sign corresponding to the second point of interest over the travelling path,

wherein the traffic condition data providing unit provides traffic condition data associated with the map data based at least
in part on a user's position and movement along the travelling path.

US Pat. No. 9,099,637

PHASE CHANGE MEMORY AND METHOD OF FABRICATING THE PHASE CHANGE MEMORY

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A phase change memory, comprising:
at least one wiring layer each comprising a first conductive layer and a phase change layer horizontally disposed on the first
conductive layer;

a heater layer disposed to vertically contact with the at least one wiring layer;
a second conductive layer disposed to contact with the heater layer in parallel therewith, and through which current flows
from at least one electrode into the at least one wiring layer;

an insulator formed in a space formed by etching a portion of the first conductive layer;
at least one lower electrode connected to the at least one wiring layer; and
an upper electrode connected to the second conductive layer,
wherein the phase change layer is made of a phase change material and has a thickness less than a thickness of the first conductive
layer.

US Pat. No. 9,331,985

PORTABLE DEVICE, A STATIONARY DEVICE, A DIGITAL DEVICE AND A METHOD FOR PERFORMING SECURE COMMUNICATION USING THEREOF

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

15. A method using a digital device, having a radiator of a proximity sensor and a receiver of the proximity sensor, for secure
communication between the digital device and an external device, comprising the steps of:
outputting a first light pattern to the external device by using the radiator of the proximity sensor;
acquiring a second light pattern received through the receiver of the proximity sensor, the second light pattern being the
first light pattern reflected by the external device;

extracting key generation information by using based on the second light pattern;
generating a secret key by using the key generation information; and
performing the secure communication with the external device by using the generated secret key.

US Pat. No. 9,130,102

INTEGRATED THIN FILM PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

Intellectual Discovery Co...

1. An integrated thin-film photovoltaic module, comprising:
a first cell and a second cell, the first cell and the second cell each comprising a lower electrode, a photoelectric conversion
layer, and an upper electrode disposed on a substrate,

a separation groove comprising a lower electrode separation groove separating the lower electrode of the first cell and the
second cell;

through holes penetrating the upper electrode and the photoelectric conversion layer in each of the first cell and the second
cell, the through holes being spaced apart from each other in each of the first cell and the second cell; and

a conductive material filling the through holes and connecting the upper electrode of the second cell and the lower electrode
of the first cell.

US Pat. No. 9,173,129

IPV6 ADDRESS MANAGEMENT METHOD AND GATEWAY PERFORMING THE SAME

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A management method for an IPv6 address for use in a gateway, the method comprising:
receiving a packet including an IPv6 address, wherein the IPv6 address includes a network ID and an interface ID, the interface
ID includes a company ID, a label, and an extension ID;

generating a MAC address from the IPv6 address of the packet by removing the network ID and the label from the IPv6 address;
generating a compressed address by inserting a previously defined bit sequence between the company ID and the extension ID
of the MAC address; and

storing the compressed address and the IPv6 address in a mapping table,
wherein the packet is received from a WPAN (Wireless Personal Area Network) node.

US Pat. No. 9,082,578

ELECTRON EMISSION ELEMENT AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. An electron emission device, comprising:
a substrate comprising a metal tip;
carbon nano tubes that are positioned on the metal tip; and
a lithium layer that is positioned on the carbon nano tubes.

US Pat. No. 9,339,731

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PROVIDING QUEST IN ONLINE GAME

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A method performed by a quest providing computer apparatus for displaying a quest in an online game in a customized manner
on a remote user terminal, the quest displaying method comprising:
sensing at least one remote user terminal access to a game performing server;
receiving, from the game performing server over the Internet, user information corresponding to the user terminal accessing
the game performing server and a match condition including at least one condition required to perform a match by a game server;

setting a basic quest according to the received user information and match condition, such that when one quest is completed,
another quest is started;

setting an extended quest from among a plurality of quests according to the user information and the match condition, wherein
the extended quest is a quest to be provided one time per user;

setting a repeated quest according to the user information and the match condition, wherein the repeated quest is a quest
to be repeatedly provided from the plurality of quests;

transmitting the basic quest, the extended quest, and the repeated quest, which are set by the quest providing apparatus,
over the Internet to the game performing server;

displaying the basic quest, the extended quest, and the repeated quest on the user terminal by the game performing server
such that the basic quest, the extended quest, and the repeated quest are displayed at different display regions on a screen
of the user terminal; and,

applying the basic quest, the extended quest, and the repeated quest to the game.

US Pat. No. 9,339,730

METHOD, SERVER, TERMINAL, AND RECORDING MEDIUM FOR PROVIDING GAME

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A server for providing a game over a network to a remote user terminal, the server comprising:
an item value determination unit configured to determine an item value of an item;
an item color determination unit configured to determine a color representing the determined item value;
an item display control unit configured to control a display of the item on a game screen depending on the determined color;
an item acquisition unit configured to perform an item acquisition procedure to add the item to a list of acquired items in
an item list storage unit, wherein the item acquisition unit comprises an item conversion unit, the item conversion unit configured
to, in response to receiving a conversion request over the network from the remote user terminal:

select the item from a plurality of items, the selected item having fixed specific item information, and
convert an unfixed item, which is purchased with a predetermined unfixed item purchase cost and has unfixed item information,
to the selected item having fixed specific item information.

US Pat. No. 9,215,281

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SETTING PROGRAMMABLE FEATURES OF AN APPLIANCE

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A server programmed to:
cause a device in global computer network communication with the server to present a graphical user interface comprising at
least one programmable feature of a home heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) thermostat;

receive data over the global computer network from the device related to setting the programmable feature of the home HVAC
thermostat; and

send programming data for the programmable feature from the server directly to the home HVAC thermostat;
wherein the server is remote from the home HVAC thermostat, and is configured to bidirectionally communicate with the home
HVAC thermostat.

US Pat. No. 9,142,701

TANDEM TYPE INTEGRATED PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

Intellectual Discovery Co...

1. A tandem type integrated photovoltaic module comprising:
a first cell and a second cell, all of which are formed respectively by stacking on a substrate a lower electrode, a photoelectric
conversion layer including a plurality of unit cell layers, and an upper electrode,

wherein the lower electrode of the first cell and the lower electrode of the second cell are separated by a lower electrode
separation groove, the lower electrode separation groove extending in a first direction, and

wherein a plurality of through holes are formed spaced from each other in the first direction and are disposed in the photoelectric
conversion layer of the second cell in order to connect the upper electrode of the first cell with the lower electrode of
the second cell,

wherein the photoelectric conversion layer and the upper electrode of the first cell are separated by an upper separation
groove from the photoelectric conversion layer and the upper electrode of the second cell, wherein a portion of the upper
separation passes over the lower electrode separation groove.

US Pat. No. 9,066,098

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ADAPTIVELY ENCODING AND DECODING A QUANTIZATION PARAMETER BASED ON A QUADTREE STRUCTURE

Intellectual Discovery Co...

1. A method for decoding a video by a decoding apparatus using derivation of a dequantization parameter, the method comprising:
determining a parameter recorded unit for which dequantization parameter information is signaled, wherein the parameter recorded
unit is split in a quadtree structure;

determining a parameter prediction unit used for deriving a predicted dequantization parameter, wherein the parameter prediction
unit comprises the parameter recorded unit;

deriving the predicted dequantization parameter for the parameter prediction unit, wherein the predicted dequantization parameter
is derived using an average value of dequantization parameters of a block neighboring to a left of the parameter prediction
unit and a block neighboring above the parameter prediction unit;

deriving a differential dequantization parameter for the parameter recorded unit based on the dequantization parameter information;
deriving the dequantization parameter using a sum of the predicted dequantization parameter and the differential dequantization
parameter; and

performing dequantization using the dequantization parameter.

US Pat. No. 9,225,639

NETWORK SYSTEM

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A network address generation device of a node, the network address generation device capable of generating a network address
including:
a flexible address including a locator that defines location information of a point where the node is located; and
a node identifier that includes identification information of the node,
wherein the network address of the node includes at least one or more of:
an addressing type field indicating an addressing type;
a mobile/fixed node flag indicating whether an interface connected to the node is mobile or fixed;
a backbone/local flag indicating whether the network address is used only in a local network or is also used in a backbone
network;

bandwidth information indicating bandwidth information of the interface connected to the node;
CPU information indicating information of CPU performance of the node;
a virtual circuit flag indicating whether a virtual circuit is supported or not;
information of a virtual circuit range;
a virtual circuit label indicating a label used in a virtual circuit;
a node identifier including identification information of the node; and
a locator indicating location information of the node.

US Pat. No. 9,313,793

SYSTEM AND METHOD TO ALLOCATE FREQUENCY DYNAMICALLY BASED ON PRIORITY OF QUALITY OF EXPERIENCE (QOE) IN 3GPP LTE HETEROGENEOUS NETWORK

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A method to dynamically allocate a frequency band, the method comprising:
securing a first predetermined frequency band for a center area of a macrocell and all bonus frequency bands allocable to
edge areas of the macrocell for the center area of the macrocell at an initial stage;

receiving a request for using a bonus frequency band among the bonus frequency bands secured for the center area of the macrocell
from a first macro terminal located in an edge area of the macrocell;

determining availability of the bonus frequency band based on occupation of the bonus frequency band by second macro terminals
located in the center area of the macrocell in response to the request; and

allocating the bonus frequency band to the first macro terminal based on whether the bonus frequency band is available,
wherein the first macro terminal includes a macro terminal, to which a second predetermined frequency band for the same area
as the edge area in which the first macro terminal is located, is not allocated.

US Pat. No. 9,301,285

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONTENTION-BASED CHANNEL ACCESS WITH DIRECTIONAL ANTENNA OVER WIDEBAND HIGH FREQUENCY WIRELESS SYSTEM

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A central control unit for providing contention based channel access in a wideband wireless communication system, the central
control unit comprising:
a source allocation scheduling unit to allocate a resource by dividing the contention period into a sector sweepable contention
period corresponding to a contention period during which a sector sweeping operation by a dispersion device in communication
with the central control unit is performed and a non-sector sweepable contention period corresponding to a contention period
during which the sector sweeping operation is not performed; and

a beacon generator to generate a beacon message including information about the sector sweepable contention period and the
non-sector sweepable contention period, and to transmit the beacon message to the dispersion device,

wherein the dispersion device manages, for each of predetermined directions, information of a transmission duration corresponding
to a network allocation vector included in a message that is wirelessly received in a state set to an omnidirectional receiving
antenna mode, and

the dispersion device starts communication in a first direction among the predetermined directions when the information of
the transmission duration of the first direction is a predetermined value.

US Pat. No. 9,457,280

AUTO PROGRAM PREVENTING METHOD FOR AUCTION HOUSE FOR ON-LINE GAME ITEM AND SERVER THEREFOR

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. An auto program preventing method for an item auction house of an on-line game, the method comprising:
receiving a search request for an item from a user terminal in an auction house where an auction service provider server of
an on-line game registers an item for an on-line game and auctions off the item to a user who bids the highest price for the
registered item;

determining whether the number of times of searching the same item within a predetermined time exceeds a predetermined number
of times by analyzing the search request received from the user terminal; and

transmitting, when the number of times of searching exceeds the predetermined number of times, a latest search result among
search results corresponding to previous search requests to the user terminal as a search result corresponding to the recently
received search request after a predetermined search ignoring period passes.

US Pat. No. 9,419,795

DIGITAL DEVICE AND METHOD FOR PERFORMING SECURE COMMUNICATION USING SAME

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A method for performing secure communication between a digital device and an external device, using the digital device
having a radiator of a proximity sensor and a receiver of a proximity sensor, the method comprising:
outputting a first light pattern using the radiator of the proximity sensor; and
detecting a proximity of an object using the proximity sensor;
when the object approaches within a predetermined distance range from the digital device, extracting key generation information
based on a second light pattern received through the receiver of the proximity sensor, the second light pattern being the
first light pattern reflected by the object;

generating a security key using the key generation information;
performing the secure communication with the external device using the generated security key;
approaching to data stored in the external device;
obtaining attribute information corresponding to the data, wherein the data includes first data which requires security and
thereby has a private attribute as the attribute information and second data which does not require the security and thereby
has a public attribute as the attribute information; and storing log information of the data based on the attribute information
corresponding to the data,

wherein said storing comprises:
storing the log information in a first storage unit when the attribute information is the public attribute; and
storing the log information in a second storage unit when the attribute information is the private attribute;
wherein the extracting the key generation information comprises extracting the key generation information based on the second
light pattern when the second light pattern is equal to the first light pattern.

US Pat. No. 9,291,513

STRAIN SENSING DEVICE USING REDUCED GRAPHENE OXIDE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A strain sensing device comprising:
a flexible substrate;
a gate electrode formed on the flexible substrate;
a gate insulating layer configured to cover the gate electrode, and include a part formed of a flexible material, the gate
insulating layer including:

a first gate insulating layer formed of oxide deposited by an atomic layer deposition (ALD) process, on the gate electrode;
a second gate insulating layer formed of a flexible material, on the first gate insulating layer; and
a third gate insulating layer formed of oxide deposited by the ALD process, on the second gate insulating layer;
an active layer formed of reduced graphene oxide (R-GO) for sensing a strain, on the gate insulating layer;
a source and drain electrode formed on the active layer; and
a self-assembled monolayer (SAM) formed on the third gate insulating layer.

US Pat. No. 9,287,463

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING A LIGHT GENERATING DEVICE AND LIGHT GENERATING DEVICE MANUFACTURED THROUGH THE SAME

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A method of manufacturing a light generating device, comprising:
preparing a semiconductor stacking structure including a p-type semiconductor layer, an n-type semiconductor layer and an
active layer disposed between the p-type semiconductor layer and the n-type semiconductor layer;

forming a metal thin film on the n-type semiconductor layer or on the p-type semiconductor layer;
annealing the metal thin film to form a grain boundary at the metal thin film;
applying liquid with graphite powder to the metal thin film with the grain boundary;
thermally treating the semiconductor stacking structure to which the liquid with graphite powder is applied; and
removing the metal thin film with the grain boundary.

US Pat. No. 9,210,123

PRIVATE MULTIMEDIA CONTENTS BROADCASTING EQUIPMENT WHICH USES ISM RADIO FREQUENCY BAND OR U-NII 5GHZ RADIO FREQUENCY BAND, PRIVATE MULTIMEDIA CONTENTS BROADCASTING SYSTEM AND METHOD THEREOF

Intellectual Discovery Co...

1. A device for transmitting multimedia content, the device comprising:
a storing device configured to store multimedia content;
a processing unit configured to allocate a private Internet Protocol (IP) address through a Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
(DHCP) for a receiving terminal; and

a radio communication unit configured to receive a connection request from the receiving terminal for establishing the radio
network and transmit the multimedia content which is stored in the storing device or created in the device for transmitting
multimedia content to the receiving terminal via a radio network.

US Pat. No. 9,189,463

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONVERTING CONTENT

Intellectual Discovery CO...

1. A method of generating a web page performed by processor, the method comprising:
generating a micro format to enable a hierarchy of broadcast content elements to correspond to a hierarchy of web content
elements;

generating the web page based on the generated micro format; and
obtaining domain elements of the generated web page,
wherein the generating of the micro format comprises generating the micro format to enable the obtained domain elements to
correspond to the author element,

wherein the broadcast content elements include a provision information element, a service information table element and a
virtual channel map table element, and

wherein the generated micro format includes an author element corresponding to the provision information element, a feed element,
an entry element, an entry-title element corresponding to the service information table element, and an entry-content element
corresponding to the virtual channel map table element.

US Pat. No. 9,420,312

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ENCODING/DECODING IMAGES USING A PREDICTION METHOD ADOPTING IN-LOOP FILTERING

Intellectual Discovery Co...

1. A method for video decoding, the method comprising:
generating a residual video of a current video by decoding a bitstream;
generating a prediction video of the current video by using an intra prediction mode relating to the current video and neighboring
pixels adjacent to the current video;

generating a restored video by summing the residual video and the prediction video; and
performing an in-loop filtering on the restored video,
wherein performing the in-loop filtering comprises:
generating a coefficient based on a difference between a pixel of an original video and a pixel of the restored video, the
coefficient being determined in an unit of a group of pixels based on components including luminance and chrominance; and

adding the coefficient to the pixel of the restored video,
wherein the in-loop filtering is performed after a de-blocking filtering is performed on the restored video.

US Pat. No. 9,373,748

NITRIDE SEMICONDUCTOR LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A nitride semiconductor light emitting device comprising:
a n-type nitride layer and a p-type nitride layer;
an active layer disposed between the n-type and the p-type nitride layer and with a multiple quantum well structure wherein
a plurality of quantum well layers and a plurality of quantum barrier layer are stacked alternatively in the active layer;
and

an electron blocking layer formed by a superlattice layer between the active layer and the p-type nitride layer with asymmetric
structure with respect to a center thereof, wherein the superlattice layer includes well layers and barrier layers alternately
stacked with each other and the thickness of the well layers within the superlattice layer are gradually increased along a
direction from the p-type nitride layer to the active layer.

US Pat. No. 9,107,234

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR SCHEDULING IN A BROADBAND RADIO COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. An apparatus for scheduling multi-bursts in broadband wireless communication system, the apparatus comprising:
a packet scheduler for scheduling such that an uplink data packet corresponding to a bandwidth request from a terminal is
allocated to an uplink burst from among the multi-bursts;

an operation part for determining a transmission power offset in accordance with a type of the uplink burst to which the uplink
data packet is allocated, wherein the uplink burst is classified into a CSM (Collaborative Spatial Multiplexing) burst type
or a non-CSM burst type; and

a generation part for generating MAP information containing information on the transmission power offset for the uplink data
packet,

wherein the operation part determines the transmission power offset by using a first CSM relative offset corresponding to
a MCS (Modulation and Coding Scheme) level of the uplink data packet that is scheduled and a second CSM relative offset corresponding
to a MCS level that is applied to a CSM burst of previous frame, and

wherein the operation part determines the transmission power offset by using the following equation:
OffMCS=OffN-CSM+(OffCSM of MCS?prevOffCSM of MCS),
where OffMCS denotes the transmission power offset, OffN-CSM denotes an offset corresponding to the MCS level of the uplink data packet on the basis of non-CSM burst, OffCSM of MCS denotes the first CSM offset, and prevOffCSM of MCS denotes the second CSM burst.

US Pat. No. 9,417,089

METHOD FOR MANAGING SCHEDULE USING USER'S LOCATION INFORMATION AND SYSTEM THEREOF

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A method for managing a schedule of a user by a system for managing a schedule based on location information of the user,
the method comprising:
receiving schedule information, including appointment time and appointment location to meet a target person along with contact
information of the target person, into a schedule registration unit of the system;

providing an index related to a character of the user depending on whether the user arrived at other appointment locations
on time from a character management unit;

registering the schedule information in the schedule registration unit of the system;
receiving a location of the user from a location detecting device of the system;
sending a first message through a sending device of the system to the target person confirming the appointment location; and
sending a second message through the sending device to the user with regard to the index of the character management unit,
wherein the first message includes traffic information from the location of the user to the appointment location, and
wherein the second message indicates if the index is increased or decreased based on whether the user arrives at the appointment
location in time.

US Pat. No. 9,209,338

OPTICAL DEVICE WITH THROUGH-HOLE CAVITY

Intellectual Discovery Co...

1. An encoder having a code wheel and a package, the package, comprising:
a plurality of conductors;
two die attach areas formed separately on two portions of the plurality of conductors;
a light source die attached on one of the two die attach areas, the light source die configured to emit light towards the
code wheel and being reflected thereof;

a light detector die attached to an other of the two die attach areas for receiving light reflected from the code wheel;
a body encapsulating a portion of the plurality of conductors, the body having a top surface, a bottom surface and side surfaces
through which the plurality of conductors protrudes;

a first cavity in the body extending from the bottom surface to the top surface of the body and defining therein an opening
at each of the top and bottom surfaces of the body;

a transparent encapsulant of first material formed within the cavity encapsulating the light source die and the die attach
area, the cavity having a configuration such that the transparent encapsulant of the first material mechanically interlocks
with the body after formation of the first material; and

an optical lens formed by a portion of the transparent encapsulant of the first material extending from the cavity.

US Pat. No. 9,148,373

NETWORK SYSTEM

Intellectual Discovery Co...

1. A packet processing method in a network comprising a plurality of terminals, the method comprising:
transmitting, from a first terminal, a location information request message to at least one reference point terminal;
receiving location information of the reference point terminal;
generating location information of the first terminal based on the location information of the reference point terminal;
generating, at the first terminal, a packet including a geographical address; and
transmitting, from the first terminal, the packet to a destination,
wherein the geographical address includes a location information field having location information of the first terminal,
and a range field indicating whether the destination is a single destination representing that the destination is a target
terminal or an area destination representing the destination is a target area, and having range information of the target
area in the case that the destination is the area destination and

wherein the transmitting of the location information request message comprises
transmitting the location information request message to neighboring nodes of the first terminal within one-hop range from
the first terminal,

determining whether a reply message to the location information request message is received within a certain time, and
transmitting the location information request message to the neighboring nodes of the first terminal within two-hop range
from the first terminal.

US Pat. No. 9,298,892

TERMINAL APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR PLAYING MULTIMEDIA CONTENT ENCRYPTED BASED ON DRM

Intellectual Discovery Co...

1. A method for playing multimedia content encrypted based on digital rights management (DRM), the method performed by a terminal
apparatus comprising a multimedia device player unit and a DRM decoding unit, the DRM decoding unit comprising a web server
module unit, the method comprising:
receiving, by the terminal apparatus, a request for playing the multimedia content encrypted based on DRM;
converting, by the terminal apparatus, a local file path via which the multimedia content encrypted based on DRM corresponding
to the received play request is stored into a web server URL path for the web server module unit;

providing, by the terminal apparatus, the web server URL path to a multimedia device player for playing the multimedia content
encrypted based on DRM;

when the multimedia device player accesses the web server module unit by using the web server URL path, checking, by the terminal
apparatus, whether there is a session being connected to the web server URL; and

controlling, by the terminal apparatus, whether to decode the multimedia content encrypted based on DRM depending on the checking
results,

wherein said controlling whether to decode includes:
when there is no session being connected to the web server URL, decoding the multimedia content encrypted based on DRM, and
when there is a session being connected to the web server URL, performing no decoding on the multimedia content encrypted
based on DRM,

wherein said decoding the multimedia content encrypted based on DRM includes:
converting reversely, by the terminal apparatus, the web server URL path into a local file path of the multimedia content
encrypted based on DRM; and

reading the multimedia content encrypted based on DRM using the reversely converted local file path,
wherein when performing the decoding, decoding, by the terminal apparatus, the multimedia content encrypted based on DRM by
using a license for the multimedia content encrypted based on DRM; and

providing, by the terminal apparatus, the decoded multimedia content to the multimedia device player.

US Pat. No. 9,294,489

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DETECTING AN INTRUSION ON A CLOUD COMPUTING SERVICE

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. An intrusion detection system of a cloud computing service, the system comprising:
one or more processors;
a network interface coupled to the one or more processors; and
a non-transitory memory coupled to the one or more processors, wherein the one or more processors are configured to:
generate an elementary detector to monitor a virtual machine provided by the cloud computing service, wherein the elementary
detector comprises a raw alert generator and an encoder, wherein the elementary detector is configured to:

generate, using the raw alert generator, a raw alert based on a result of the monitoring the cloud computing service, wherein
the raw alert comprises a supercritical value and a state value of the virtual machine and wherein the supercritical value
indicates a level at which a traffic value of the virtual machine exceeds a threshold, and,

encrypt, using the encoder, the raw alert containing the intrusion information; and
generate an intrusion detection system (IDS) dispatcher, the IDS dispatcher comprising a decoder and an alert correlator,
wherein the IDS dispatcher is configured to:

decrypt, using the decoder, the encrypted raw alert; and,
determine, using the alert correlator, an occurrence of an intrusion into the cloud computing service based on the decrypted
raw alert.

US Pat. No. 9,083,032

LITHIUM RECHARGEABLE BATTERY HAVING A MIXED ANODE ACTIVE MATERIAL INCLUDING NANOTUBES

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A lithium rechargeable battery, comprising:
a cathode plate comprised of a cathode current collector layer; and a cathode layer comprising particles of a mixed cathode
active material comprised of:

(a) particles of carbon-coated lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4) that are nanoparticles of lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4) coated with carbon particles; and

(b) particles of a lithium transition metal oxide containing a transition metal selected from the group consisting of nickel,
cobalt and manganese, that are undoped or doped by impurities selected from the group consisting of aluminum, iron, copper,
titanium and magnesium;

an anode plate spaced apart from the cathode plate and comprised of an anode current collector layer; and an anode layer comprising
a mixed anode active material comprised of:

particles of a spinel lithium titanium oxide (Li4Ti5O12); and

nanotubes of a lithium titanium oxide, LixTiO2, where 0 that of a lithium rechargeable battery with an anode layer containing only particles of a spinel lithium titanium oxide (Li4Ti5O12); and

a polymer electrolyte disposed between the cathode plate and the anode plate,
wherein the particles of a spinel lithium titanium oxide (Li4Ti5O12) and the nanotubes of a lithium titanium oxide, LixTiO2, where 0

US Pat. No. 9,269,266

METHOD FOR PROVIDING LANE INFORMATION AND APPARATUS FOR EXECUTING THE METHOD

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. An apparatus for providing lane information, comprising:
a storage configured to store map data;
a display configured to display a map having lanes on a screen by using the map data and to display a 3D extension screen
and a subscreen; and

a controller configured to:
verify an intersection that is positioned ahead in a predetermined setting distance based on a driving direction of a car,
among intersection points existing in a travel route, and

control the display to display lane information in the 3D extension screen for each of the lanes at the verified intersection
point, wherein the lane information is positioned over each of the lanes at the verified intersection point, wherein lane
information of a target driving lane is differently displayed than other lane information positioned over other lanes, and
wherein the subscreen displays distance information to the intersection point.

US Pat. No. 9,437,789

LIGHT GENERATING DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A light generating device comprising:
a p-type semiconductor layer;
an n-type semiconductor layer;
an active layer disposed between the p-type semiconductor layer and the n-type semiconductor layer;
a p-type electrode providing the p-type semiconductor layer with holes; and
an n-type electrode providing the n-type semiconductor layer with electrons, wherein at
least one of the p-type electrode and n-type electrode has a protrusion protruding toward p-type semiconductor layer and the
n-type semiconductor layer, respectively, and

wherein the at least one of the p-type electrode and n-type electrode having a protrusion includes at least one of nickel
(Ni) and gold (Au), and the protrusion is directly covered by a light reflecting layer including at least one of aluminum
(Al) and silver (Ag).

US Pat. No. 9,167,476

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR TRANSMITTING/RECEIVING PACKET IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A method for simultaneously transmitting a packet to a plurality of users in a wireless communication system, the method
comprising:
generating the packet including a first signal field, a second signal field commonly for the plurality of users, a plurality
of training field groups corresponding to the plurality of users respectively, a plurality of third signal fields corresponding
to the plurality of users respectively, and a plurality of data frames corresponding to the plurality of users respectively,
wherein the first signal field includes information related to length of the packet, the length is determined based on a length
of the longest data frame among the plurality of data frames, the second signal field includes common control information
for the plurality of users, each third signal field includes individual control information for respective user, each training
field group includes at least one training field, and each training field includes one or more training symbols;

transmitting the first signal field to the plurality of users;
transmitting the second signal field to the plurality of users;
transmitting the plurality of training fields to the plurality of users;
transmitting the plurality of third signal fields to the plurality of users; and
transmitting the plurality of data frames to the plurality of users,
wherein each data frame includes a plurality of data subframes and a final medium access control (MAC) pad,
wherein the final MAC pad is positioned after the last data subframe, and the final MAC pad is an integer number of bytes
in length, which is from 0 to 3, and

wherein the transmission of the second signal field is followed by the transmission of the plurality of training field groups.

US Pat. No. 9,160,047

COUPLING APPARATUS FOR DIVIDING RECEIVING AND TRANSMITTING SIGNALS AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

Intellectual Discovery Co...

1. A coupling apparatus for dividing a radio frequency (RF) transmitting signal and an RF receiving signal, in a transceiver
with a transmitting unit and a receiving unit sharing an antenna, comprising:
a four-port circuit having
a port 1, a port 2, a port 3, and a port 4,

a through path formed between the port 1 and the port 2,

a first signal input coupling formed between the port 1 and the port 4,

a second signal input coupling formed between the port 2 and the port 3,

an isolation path formed between the port 1 and the port 3, and between the port 2 and the port 4;

an attenuator configured to attenuate a signal output from the port 4, and output the attenuated signal; and

a subtracter configured to subtract the output signal of the attenuator from an output signal of the port 3;

wherein the RF transmitting signal is configured to be input to the port 1, the RF receiving signal is configured to be input to the port 2, and the output of the subtracter is configured to be provided to the receiving unit.

US Pat. No. 9,195,849

CLOUD APPLICATION INSTALLED IN CLIENT TERMINAL CONNECTED TO CLOUD SERVER

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A client terminal having a memory and a processor coupled to the memory, the processor being configured to run a cloud
application connected to a cloud server via a network, the cloud application comprising:
a first driver controlling module executable by the processor and configured to display a list of folders of a relevant user
in the cloud server by communicating with the cloud server;

a second driver controlling module executable by the processor and configured to encrypt a file of the cloud server to store
it as an encrypted security file when the file is stored in the client terminal,

wherein the security file includes a header portion having an entry of files and folder structures stored therein and a body
portion having file binary values stored therein,

wherein the header and body portions are encrypted, and
wherein, when a file is selected in the encrypted security file is executed, the second driver controlling module is configured
to decrypt the selected file to store it in a system area as a temporary file.

US Pat. No. 9,351,616

APPARATUS FOR CLEANING A GLASS WINDOW AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE MOVEMENT THEREOF

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A method of controlling a movement of a window cleaning apparatus that is attached and moved on a window, the method comprising:
detecting, by a control device, an initial attachment position of the window cleaning apparatus, the detecting comprising
determining whether the initial attachment position is positioned on a first side of the window or a second side opposite
to the first side of the window; and

moving, by the control device, the window cleaning apparatus to a detachment position after completion of the cleaning the
window, the detachment position being provided at one of an end of the first side and an end of the second side of the window
corresponding to the detected initial attachment position,

wherein the detecting the initial attachment position comprises:
moving the window cleaning apparatus vertically from the initial attachment position to a first position, the first position
corresponding to a top end of the window;

moving the window cleaning apparatus horizontally at the top end of the window from the first position to a second position
by a first distance, the second position corresponding to the end of the first side of the window;

moving the window cleaning apparatus horizontally from the second position to a third position by a second distance, the third
position corresponding to the end of the second side at the top end of the window; and

determining the initial attachment position based on a result of comparing the first and second distances.

US Pat. No. 9,195,481

USER TERMINAL FOR PERFORMING A PLURALITY OF APPLICATIONS SIMULTANEOUSLY

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

14. A method for running a plurality of applications simultaneously in a mobile communication terminal, comprising:
running a first application in a foreground mode in accordance with a first start command;
switching an operation mode of the first application to a background mode;
displaying that at least one application is running in the background mode on a standby screen when the first application
runs in the background mode;

running a second application in the foreground mode in accordance with a second start command;
determining whether a mode conversion command is input; and re-setting the operation mode to have the first application run
in the foreground mode and the second application run in the background mode when the mode conversion command is input.

US Pat. No. 9,134,132

VEHICLE NAVIGATION AND METHOD FOR INDUCING NORMAL BLACK BOX POSITION IN NAVIGATION SYSTEM

Intellectual Discovery Co...

1. A vehicle navigation apparatus, comprising:
a memory configured to store normal posture data of a vehicle black box;
a transceiver configured to communicate with the vehicle black box; and
a controller configured to acquire present posture data by analyzing data received from the vehicle black box, determine whether
the stored normal posture data corresponds with the acquired present posture data, and control the vehicle black box to have
a normal posture according to the stored normal posture data based on the acquired present posture data not matching to the
stored normal posture data.

US Pat. No. 9,276,719

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR GENERATING PILOT TONE IN ORTHOGONAL FREQUENCY DIVISION MULTIPLEXING ACCESS SYSTEM, AND METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ESTIMATING CHANNEL USING IT

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A method of receiving signals in a wireless communication system, comprising:
receiving from a transmitter a signal over at least one Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) symbol from among
a plurality of OFDM symbols, and a pilot over another at least one OFDM symbol from among the plurality of the OFDM symbols
by using a resource block; and

demodulating the signal by using the pilot,
wherein the signal is generated by multiplying a modulation symbol with a sequence at the transmitter, the pilot is generated
with an orthogonal sequence at the transmitter, and the resource block comprises a part of subcarriers in a frequency domain
and the OFDM symbols in a time domain, respectively,

wherein the orthogonal sequence is determined from an orthogonal sequence set having a plurality of orthogonal sequences,
and information used for determining the orthogonal sequence is provided by a downlink message.

US Pat. No. 9,269,875

LIGHT EMITTER

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A light emitter comprising:
a lead frame comprising:
a planar portion having a plurality of holes passing through two opposing surfaces of the planar portion;
a bond area having a light-emitting diode attached thereto; and
at least two terminals configured for surface mount technology;
a reflector cup proximate the bond area, the reflector cup comprising:
an opening, wherein light emitted from the light-emitting diode passes through the opening;
a side wall extending between the planar portion and the opening;
a single layer clear lens directly contacting the planar portion and directly over at least some of the plurality of holes,
proximate the opening and attached to the reflector cup, the lens also covering the reflector cup such that all of the side
wall is surrounded by and contained within the lens, wherein the combination of the lens and the reflector cup narrows a light
beam originating from the light-emitting diode; and

a first body located on the planar portion, the first body attached to and surrounding the lens,
wherein the reflector cup is disposed between at least one of the plurality of holes and the light emitting diode in a plan
view.

US Pat. No. 9,082,224

SYSTEMS AND METHODS 2-D TO 3-D CONVERSION USING DEPTH ACCESS SEGIMENTS TO DEFINE AN OBJECT

Intellectual Discovery Co...

1. A non-transitory, machine-readable storage medium comprising instructions stored therein, the instructions executable by
one or more processors to facilitate performing a method for creating one or more 3-D images, said method comprising:
obtaining object models of each said image to be created;
generating a plurality of segmentation layer masks from each said obtained model, each said segmentation layer mask having
a plurality of features;

rendering a 3-D image from an assembled set of said generated masks;
classifying each of said plurality of features as being a static feature or a dynamic feature based on how closely a 3-D point
in a point cloud associated with said 3-D image is mapped to a corresponding 2-D point in one or more 2-D images;

assigning weighted values to said plurality of features such that static features receive a higher weight value than do dynamic
features; and

calculating a scene geometry by iterating said segmentation layer masks, said iterating comprising iteratively determining
one or more features associated with one or more respective 3-D points that do not satisfy a threshold for mapping to one
or more respective 2-D points, and iteratively adjusting one or more of said weighted values based on said determined one
or more features, said iterating terminating after a plurality of iterations when a predetermined condition is satisfied.

US Pat. No. 9,526,108

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR MITIGATION/REMOVAL OF INTERFERENCE BETWEEN MACRO-CELL AND FEMTO-CELL

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A femto-cell base station, comprising:
a resource allocating unit that allocates a communication resource to a femto-cell user device;
an uplink signal receiving unit that receives uplink signals which are transmitted and received between a plurality of macro-cell
user devices and a macro-cell base station from the plurality of the macro-cell user devices;

an interference indicator extracting unit that detects a high interference indicator (HII) of each of the plurality of the
macro-cell user devices from the received uplink signals;

an interference subject identifying unit that decides an interference subject user device among the plurality of the macro-cell
user devices based on the detected high interference indicators;

a channel state information extracting unit that extracts channel state information (CSI) of the interference subject user
device from the received uplink signals; and

an interference removal controller that controls the resource allocating unit to change the communication resource allocated
to the femto-cell user device based on the extracted channel state information of the interference subject user device.

US Pat. No. 9,083,630

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SUPPORTING MULTICAST BROADCAST SERVICE (MBS) IN WIMAX

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A method for supporting a Multicast and Broadcast Service (MBS) in a base station (BS), the method comprising:
receiving a first path register request message from an access service network gateway (ASN-GW), wherein the first path register
request message include a first service flow identifier (SFID) regarding a first MBS service flow for a first mobile station
(MS);

assigning a first Generic Routing Encapsulation (GRE) key to a first MBS service flow;
transmitting a first register response message including the first GRE key in response to the first path register request
message;

creating a GRE tunnel delivering first MBS contents associated with the first MBS service flow by using the first GRE key;
receiving the first MBS contents through the GRE tunnel from the ASN-GW;
receiving a second path register request message from the ASN-GW, wherein the second path register request message include
a second SFID regarding a second MBS service flow for a second MS;

determining whether the first MBS service flow and the second MBS service flow are associated with a same MBS service flow;
and

if the first MBS service flow and the second service flow are associated with the same MBS service flow, assigning the first
GRE key to the second MBS service flow without creating an additional GRE tunnel for the second MBS service flow, transmitting
a second register response message including the first GRE key in response to the second path register request message, and

receiving second MBS contents associated with the second MBS service flow through the GRE tunnel from the ASN-GW,
wherein the assigning the first GRE key is performed based on both per BS granularity and per service flow granularity,
wherein the GRE tunnel is created between the BS and the ASN-GW.

US Pat. No. 9,367,514

COMMUNICATION NODE AND COMMUNICATION METHOD

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A communication method for wireless communication between end hosts through end nodes wirelessly connected to a backbone
network through an access network, comprising:
receiving, by a transmission end node connected to the backbone network, a transmission frame including a network frame header
regarding the access network to which a transmission end host is connected and an Internet protocol (IP) packet including
identifier information regarding a reception end host from the access network,

wherein the IP packet does not include a transport control protocol (TCP) header for error control and traffic control in
the backbone network, when the transmission frame is received to the transmission end node;

removing, by the transmission end node, the network frame header from the transmission frame;
adding, by the transmission end node, the TCP header to the packet; and
routing, by the transmission end node, the IP packet including the TCP header to a reception end node through the backbone
network.

US Pat. No. 9,177,643

PHASE-CHANGE MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MULTI-LEVEL PROGRAMMING OF PHASE-CHANGE MEMORY DEVICE

Intellectual Discovery Co...

1. A multi-level programming method of a phase-change memory device, the multi-level programming method comprising:
selecting a word line, where data are to be input, from multiple word lines;
applying multiple bits of data to a bit line of a cell connected to the selected word line;
applying a program current to the selected word line for programming of first data;
applying a program current to the selected word line and applying a multi-level program current lower than the program current
to one of word lines adjacent to the selected word line for programming of second data; and

applying a program current to the selected word line and applying a multi-level program current lower than the program current
to two of the word lines adjacent to the selected word line for programming of third data,

wherein an ambient temperature of the cell is increased by the multi-level program current and a program volume of a phase-change
material layer of the cell is reduced as the ambient temperature is increased, such that a program state of the cell is classified
based on the program volume of the phase-change material layer of the cell.

US Pat. No. 9,369,969

SYSTEM AND METHOD TO MITIGATE INTERFERENCE OF 3GPP LTE HETEROGENEOUS NETWORK ACCORDING TO PRIORITY OF SERVICE

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A power control method to mitigate interference in a heterogeneous network, the method comprising:
receiving a link connection request from a femto terminal;
transmitting a downlink signal when the link connection request is allowed;
receiving information of a macro terminal present around a femto base station;
controlling a power of the downlink signal in response to a first high interference indicator (HII) report being included
in the received information of the macro terminal;

controlling the power of the downlink signal based on a priority of service while satisfying predetermined constraints when
a second HII report is transmitted to the femto base station and the power of the downlink signal is decreased up to a predetermined
required power of the femto terminal; and

increasing the power of the downlink signal when a channel quality indicator (CQI) value in the received information of the
macro terminal increases,

wherein the receiving the link connection request comprises allowing the link connection request when the femto terminal is
verified to be registered to a closed subscriber group (CSG).

US Pat. No. 9,225,414

TRANSMISSION DEVICE AND METHOD USING SPACE-FREQUENCY TRANSMISSION DIVERSITY

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A transmission method for a wireless communication system, the method comprising:
grouping pilot subcarriers into a first pilot subcarrier group and a second pilot subcarrier group;
generating a first Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing(OFDM) symbol carrying at least one pilot symbol on the first
pilot subcarrier group and no pilot symbol on the second pilot subcarrier group;

generating a second OFDM symbol carrying at least one pilot symbol on the second pilot subcarrier group and no pilot symbol
on the first pilot subcarrier group; and

transmitting the first OFDM symbol and the second OFDM symbol simultaneously via different antennas,
wherein a first antenna combination used for transmitting the first and the second OFDM symbols in a first interval and a
second antenna combination used for transmitting the first and the second OFDM symbols in a second interval are different
than each other,

wherein the number of antennas is greater than the number of pilot subcarrier groups,
wherein the first pilot subcarrier group and the second pilot subcarrier group are mapped to the different antennas which
are selected among transmission antennas for each interval,

wherein the second antenna combination in the second interval includes at least one antenna which is selected from the first
antenna combination and at least one antenna which is not selected from the first antenna combination, and

wherein the second antenna combination in the second interval includes at least one antenna by which an OFDM symbol is not
transmitted in the first interval.

US Pat. No. 9,082,900

PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

Intellectual Discovery Co...

1. A photovoltaic module comprising:
a first electrode formed on a substrate;
a photoelectric conversion layer formed on the first electrode;
a second electrode formed on the photoelectric conversion layer; and
a light transmitting back substrate disposed over the second electrode, and
having a color within a range of a*: ?25˜0, b*: 10˜50, L*: 20˜50 in Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage (CIE) LAB color
coordinate.

US Pat. No. 9,324,201

VEHICULAR IMAGE PROCESSING APPARATUS AND METHOD OF SHARING DATA USING THE SAME

THINKWARE SYSTEMS CORPORA...

1. A vehicular image processing apparatus mountable in a vehicle, the apparatus comprising:
a camera module to acquire an external image of the vehicle;
an impact detector to detect an accident event occurring with respect to the vehicle;
a controller to access an external server to request for recorded data associated with the accident event in the external
server; and

a communication unit to receive the recorded data from the external server,
wherein the controller is configured to determine an operation mode based on at least one of the external image acquired by
the camera module and detection of the accident event by the impact detector, and upload the external image of the vehicle
to a backup server in response to determining that the operation mode is a normal mode in which the accident event is not
detected, and upload the external image of the vehicle to the external server to be shared via the network in response to
determining that the operation mode is a sharing mode in which the accident event is detected,

wherein upon detecting, by the impact detector, the accident event occurring with respect to the vehicle, the controller is
configured to control a peripheral vehicle to transmit the recorded data to the external server.

US Pat. No. 9,310,519

SEE-THROUGH TYPE PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE INCLUDING 3-DIMENSIONAL PHOTONIC CRYSTAL, MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, AND INSULATED GLASS UNIT INCLUDING THE SAME

Intellectual Discovery Co...

1. A see-through type photovoltaic module comprising:
a first transparent substrate;
a second transparent substrate;
a first transparent electrode and a second electrode placed between the first transparent substrate and the second transparent
substrate;

a photoactive layer being placed between the first transparent electrode and the second electrode and converting light into
electrical energy; and

a protective layer placed between the second electrode and the second transparent substrate,
wherein a 3-dimensional photonic crystal structural layer is formed on the surface of the second transparent substrate facing
the first transparent substrate,

wherein the 3-dimensional photonic crystal structural layer comprises an inverse opal structure and an empty space inside
of the inverse opal structure,

wherein the protective layer contacts with the 3-dimensional photonic crystal structural layer, and
wherein a material of the protective layer is filled within a portion of the empty space.

US Pat. No. 9,231,176

NARROW VIEWING ANGLE PLASTIC LEADED CHIP CARRIER

Intellectual Discovery Co...

1. A plastic molded lead frame comprising a reflector cup and a light source mounted in the reflector cup, wherein the reflector
cup is configured to reflect light emitted by the light source and reduce a viewing angle of the light source wherein the
reflector cup comprises at least a first stage with a first reflective surface having a first reflective surface tilt angle,
a second stage with a second reflective surface having a second reflective surface tilt angle different than the first reflective
surface tilt angle and a first encapsulant filling the first stage but not within the second stage, and wherein the plastic
molded lead frame does not include a convex or external lens within the reflector cup,
wherein the first reflective surface is rough and the second reflective surface is smooth.

US Pat. No. 9,196,156

ELECTRONIC APPARATUS AND METHOD OF RECEIVING INFORMATION, AND RECORDING MEDIUM FOR RECORDING PROGRAM EXECUTING METHOD OF RECEIVING INFORMATION

Intellectual Discovery Co...

1. An electronic apparatus, comprising:
a first communication unit for communicating with a second communication unit to receive data from a navigation database containing
traffic information;

a display unit for displaying first navigation information;
an input unit for receiving an input of a stroke on the first navigation information from a user; and
a control unit transmitting, through the first communication unit to the second communication unit, a search condition for
navigation data based at least in part on a start point location of the stroke and an end point location of the stroke on
the displayed first navigation information, receiving the specific navigation data corresponding to the search condition,
and displaying second navigation information on the display unit based on the received navigation data,

wherein the control unit configures the search condition of the navigation data to include at least one of search direction,
search range, and search region, and

wherein the control unit sets, when the input stroke includes a first stroke and a second stroke, sets the search region by
considering the first stroke and sets at least one of the search direction and the search range by considering the second
stroke.

US Pat. No. 9,189,726

RFID TAG INCLUDING PROTECTION LAYERS AND HAVING ENHANCED DURABILITY

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A radio frequency identification (RFID) tag comprising:
a pattern layer which comprises a first conductor, having a pattern, and an RFID chip electrically connected to the first
conductor,

an insulating layer which insulates the pattern layer from a radiation layer;
the radiation layer which is attached to the insulating layer, and comprises a second conductor having a radiation pattern
inductively coupled to the first conductor of which impedance is configured to match with impedance of the second conductor;

a lower protection layer which is disposed below and attached to a combination of the pattern layer, the insulating layer
and the radiation layer, and comprises at least one first polyimide layer comprising polyimide and directly attached to a
first silicon layer comprising silicon and attached to the combination of the pattern layer, the insulating layer and the
radiation layer;

an upper protection layer which is disposed above the combination of the pattern layer, the insulating layer and the radiation
layer, and comprises at least one second polyimide layer comprising polyimide and a second silicon layer comprising silicon;

a third silicon layer with water resistant property, which is attached to a lower surface of the first polyimide layer; and
a fourth silicon layer with water resistant property, which is attached to an upper surface of the second polyimide layer,
wherein the radio frequency identification (RFID) tag is attached to a member to be washed.

US Pat. No. 9,410,852

FREEZE INDICATOR

Intellectual Discovery Co...

1. A freeze indicator comprising:
a lower substrate;
a development material member disposed on the lower substrate;
a development medium member spaced apart from the development material member, disposed on the lower substrate, and containing
moisture; and

an upper cover attached to the lower substrate, and configured to block the development material member and the development
medium member from the outside,

wherein, when the freeze indicator starts an operation thereof, a development material is disposed around the development
medium member, and the development material is diffused into the development medium member when exposed to a freezing temperature
or less;

wherein the upper cover comprises a convex section that forms a first receiving section configured to accommodate the development
material member, and wherein to operate the freeze indicator, a pressure is applied from the outside to rupture the development
material member through the convex section; and

wherein the upper cover further comprises first and second projections protruding along an outer circumferential surface of
the development medium member, and wherein a concave section formed between the first and second projections is configured
to expand to accommodate the development material after the freeze indicator is operated.

US Pat. No. 9,392,633

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SEPARATED CONNECTIONS OF UPLINK AND DOWNLINK

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. An operating method of a terminal performed by the terminal, the method comprising:
receiving a downlink reference signal from each of base stations;
updating an uplink base station candidate group by adding the base stations to the uplink base station candidate group;
measuring a strength of the downlink reference signal;
selecting a first base station from among the base stations based on the measured strength;
establishing a downlink cell association with the first base station;
transmitting an uplink reference signal to the base stations in the uplink base station candidate group;
receiving an identifier of a second base station providing an uplink from the first base station through a downlink, wherein
the second base station is selected from among the base stations by the first base station; and

establishing an uplink cell association with the second base station based on the identifier of the second base station.

US Pat. No. 9,208,611

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DISPLAYING 3-DIMENSION MAP USING TEXTURE MAPPING

Intellectual Discovery Co...

1. A display system, comprising:
a texture maintenance unit maintaining a texture generated based on a characteristic of an object;
a texture selection unit selecting a texture based on an object to be displayed; and
a texture application unit repeatedly applying the selected texture to at least a portion of a three-dimensional (3D) structure
corresponding to the object to be displayed in which the portion has a first width and a first length,

wherein the texture application unit repeatedly applying the selected texture is applying a number of same size textures calculated
based on a first ratio, which is an integer obtained by truncating decimals according to the first width of the portion and
a second width of the selected texture, and a second ratio, which is an integer obtained by truncating decimals according
to the first length of the portion and a second length of the selected texture, each of the repeatedly applied same size textures
is fully displayed on an external surface of the portion of the 3D structure.

US Pat. No. 9,159,886

LIGHTING APPARATUS WITH A CARRIER LAYER

Intellectual Discovery Co...

1. A lighting apparatus, comprising:
a housing having a side surface defining an opening;
a substrate located within the opening of the housing;
at least one light source attached to the substrate, the at least one light source being configured to emit light having a
first peak wavelength, wherein at least a portion of the emitted light can be reflected by the side surface;

a carrier layer located within the opening and positioned directly on the side surface of the housing, wherein the carrier
layer has opposing side surfaces and is substantially thermally isolated from the light source; and

first and second wavelength converting materials configured to convert the light emitted from the at least one light source
into a substantially white light having a first color point; wherein the first wavelength-converting materials are arranged
on one of the opposing surfaces of the carrier layer such that a substantial portion of light emitted from the light source
passes through only the first wavelength-converting materials, wherein the second wavelength-converting materials are arranged
on an other one of the opposing surfaces of the carrier layer such that a substantial portion of light emitted from the light
source passes through only the second wavelength-converting materials, and wherein at least a portion of the emitted light
can be reflected by the side surface toward the first and second wavelength-converting materials.

US Pat. No. 9,135,837

ILLUMINATION ASSEMBLY HAVING MULTIPLE REFLECTIVE CAVITIES EACH WITH A SINGLE EMITTER

Intellectual Discovery Co...

1. An illumination assembly comprising:
a surface mount reflector housing having a plurality of respective pairs of opposing surface mount leads extending from the
surface mount reflector housing along a first axial direction; and

a plurality of cavities formed in the surface mount reflector housing along a second axial direction crossing the first axial
direction, wherein each of the plurality of cavities have a first axial length in the first axial direction and a second axial
length in the second axial direction in which the first axial length is longer than the second axial length; and

a plurality of LED dies mounted in the plurality of cavities such that each of the LED dies are respectively connected to
a respective pair of opposing surface mount leads, wherein each of said plurality of cavities contains a single one of said
plurality of LED dies,

wherein the plurality of cavities comprise a plurality of reflective cups which each shape a reflected far field radiation
pattern of an associated one of said LED dies such that each of the reflected far field radiation patterns of said illumination
assembly are closely matched in the second axial direction; and

lenses respectively mounted over the cavities to further shape the reflected far field radiation patterns to narrower far
field radiation patterns with greater on-axis brightness than the reflected far field radiation patterns.

US Pat. No. 9,205,334

METHOD AND SERVER FOR PROVIDING ITEM OVERLAP EFFECT

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A method for providing item overlap effect, the method comprising:
analyzing, by an item effect provision server, electronic information on items possessed by the user to determine whether
or not the user possesses an electronic overlap item, which is equal to an electronic item registered in a preset slot so
as to be used by the user during the electronic game play and is not registered in the preset slot, wherein the analyzing
includes that the electronic overlap item is electronically available for processing in another electronic game play; and

applying, by the item effect provision server, weighted-grade points, which are preset according to the electronic overlap
item, to at least one electronic game environment factor related to the electronic game play during implementation of next
electronic game play.

US Pat. No. 9,326,309

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SUPPORTING COMMUNICATION OF MULTI-MODE TERMINAL

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. An operating method of a multi-mode terminal, the method comprising:
connecting a first type link with a first type access point of an integrated access point;
reading link setup information corresponding to the integrated access point from a memory, wherein the link setup information
is used for configuring a second type link according to a first configuration method; and

connecting a second type link with a second type access point of the integrated access point based on the link setup information,
wherein the operating method further comprises:
when the link setup information corresponding to the integrated access point does not exist in the memory, connecting the
second type link with the integrated access point according to a second configuration method;

generating the link setup information; and
storing the generated link setup information in the memory,
wherein the first configuration method comprises a part of all steps constituting the second configuration method, and a time
needed for the first configuration method is shorter than a time needed for the second configuration method.

US Pat. No. 9,233,306

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PROVIDING CHARACTER IN ONLINE GAME

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A method for providing a character in an online game, the character provision method comprising:
selecting, by a character provision apparatus, from a database, at least one season character from among a plurality of general
characters previously provided in a game according to a preset season character selection criteria,

electronically generating, by the character provision apparatus, at least one season character pool according to a period
for which the season character is selected, and

storing, by the character provision apparatus, the electronically generated selected season character in a corresponding season
character pool, wherein the corresponding season character pool is stored in a computer storage device associated with the
character provision apparatus;

judging, by the character provision apparatus, whether or not a status point limit adjustment item is provided, wherein the
status point limit adjustment item functions to increase a status point limit, which is a preset upper limit of status points
of the plurality of general characters in the game, by preset status points;

setting, by the character provision apparatus, a status point limit of the at least one season character differently according
to the period for which the season character is selected such that the status point limit of the at least one season character
is higher than a status point limit of each general character acquired using the status point limit adjustment item, and wherein
electronically generating the selected season character with an adjusted status point limit results in the computer storage
device using less computing resources rather than electronically generating general characters that do not have the adjusted
status point limit; and

displaying, on a user terminal, that the at least one season character is added to the game.

US Pat. No. 9,223,420

APPARATUS FOR DRIVING ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND DRIVING METHOD THEREOF

Intellectual Discovery Co...

1. A method of driving an electronic device including an input means into which information is input by a touch and a screen
display means on which a pointer is displayed in response to the touch, the method comprising:
a first step of moving the pointer from a point at which the touch is applied to the input means first in an arbitrary drag
direction in which the pointer undergoes drag;

a second step of stopping the movement of the pointer when the drag is stopped; and
a third step of additionally moving the pointer in a direction, which is directed from the point at which the touch is applied
first to a point to which pressing pressure is applied, in response to pressing pressure when the drag is stopped.

US Pat. No. 9,111,155

RFID READER AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING THE SAME

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A radio frequency identification (RFID) reader comprising:
a link frequency calculator which is configured to calculate a link frequency by using a signal transmitted from a tag and
a sampling signal;

a first decoder which is configured to convert the signal transmitted from the tag into a first signal or a second signal
having a different value from the first signal;

a decoding controller which is configured to output a mode signal representing a format used to decode the signal converted
in the first decoder; and

a second decoder which is configured to decode the converted signal according to the mode signal,
wherein the first decoder is configured to receive the link frequency and a tolerance from the link frequency calculator and
a reference value from the decoding controller, and to convert the signal transmitted from the tag into the first signal or
the second signal based on the reference value, the link frequency and the tolerance, and

wherein the reference value is a reference for converting the signal transmitted from the tag and the tolerance is an error
range of the link frequency.

US Pat. No. 9,079,105

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MANAGING TEAM IN ONLINE GAME

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A method for managing a team in an online game, the team management method comprising:
electronically configuring, by a team management apparatus, a team management screen by receiving electronic data and transforming
the received electronic data into one or more formations that designate respective positions of a plurality of characters
included in a team managed by the user;

electronically displaying, by the team management apparatus, the team management screen that contains information on at least
one preset formation including a basic formation on a user terminal upon receiving a signal indicating that the user enters
the team management screen from the user terminal;

setting, by the team management apparatus, each information on the at least one formation upon receiving setting related to
details of a selected formation among the at least one formation from the user terminal;

judging, by the team management apparatus, whether or not the number of currently set formations is less than a preset maximum
number of formations upon receiving a formation addition request signal from the user terminal, and adding the formation if
the number of currently set formations is less than the maximum number of formations; and

setting, by the team management apparatus, a formation change shortcut key that generates an instruction to immediately change
the at least one formation during game play, wherein the display of the team management screen further includes displaying
a character management menu display unit that displays an item for batch application to the plurality of characters on the
team.

US Pat. No. 9,085,459

APPARATUS FOR MANUFACTURING QUANTUM DOT WITH A PLURALITY OF HEATING ZONES AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING QUANTUM DOT

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. An apparatus of producing quantum dots, comprising:
at least one pump to inject a plurality of precursor solutions in which different kinds of precursors are dissolved;
a mixer to mix the plurality of precursor solutions into a mixture solution, the mixer including a first input port diverging
into a first plurality of first paths, a second input port diverging into a second plurality of second paths, and an output
port having a third plurality of third paths collecting into the output port, wherein each of the first and second paths is
connected to a third path;

a plurality of heating furnaces to pass the mixture solution therethrough under different temperature conditions, the plurality
of heating furnaces including a first heating furnace to provide a first temperature condition for nucleation, and a second
heating furnace to provide a second temperature condition for nuclear growth, and

a buffer disposed between the first heating furnace and the second heating furnace and passing the mixture solution through
the buffer to provide a third temperature condition,

wherein the first temperature is higher than the second temperature, and the second temperature is higher than the third temperature.

US Pat. No. 9,207,989

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING VIRTUAL DEVICE

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A system for providing a virtual terminal service, the system comprising:
a virtual cloud server to configure a plurality of virtual terminals by employing a virtual machine in a cloud environment,
wherein the virtual cloud server provides an application of a heterogeneous platform to a terminal that accesses the virtual
cloud server, and

the heterogeneous platform is a virtual platform of a virtual terminal in which the application requested by the terminal
is present, among the plurality of virtual terminals, and is a platform of a heterogeneous terminal having a type different
from a type of the terminal,

wherein the terminal is authenticated by a managing server and a location address of a virtual gateway of the virtual cloud
server in which the application of the heterogeneous platform is present is transferred to the terminal from the managing
server.

US Pat. No. 9,310,218

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR DISPLAYING A POINT OF INTEREST

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. An apparatus for displaying a POI, comprising:
an output unit displaying a first screen for path guiding showing a navigation path in front of the vehicle wherein the first
screen includes an image icon of the POI; and

a controller displaying a second screen for POI guiding on the output unit such that the POI belonging to at least one or
more categories is displayed in the form of a list and the screen for path guiding at the same time such that the second screen
does not overlap the navigation path,

wherein the list of the first screen includes the image icon of the POI, a name of the POI, and information about a remaining
distance from the vehicle in which the remaining distance is updated by calculating the remaining distance from the vehicle
to the POI in real-time and the POI is removed from the list if a position of the vehicle displayed on the screen for path
guiding passes by the POI, and

wherein the image icon of the POI is displayed on the first screen along the navigation path and on the second screen until
the vehicle passes the POI and then the image icon remains on the first screen while the image icon disappears from the second
screen.

US Pat. No. 9,202,933

FLASH MEMORY USING FRINGING EFFECTS AND ELECTROSTATIC SHIELDING

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A flash memory, comprising:
a tunneling insulating layer formed on a substrate;
a first gate stack formed on the tunneling insulating layer; and
a second gate stack spaced apart from the first gate stack by an inter-gate insulating layer and formed on the tunneling insulating
layer,

wherein each of the first and second gate stacks includes a gate electrode extending to a top of the tunneling insulating
layer,

wherein the first gate stack comprises:
a first charge-trapping layer formed on the tunneling insulating layer;
a first blocking insulating layer formed to surround side and upper surfaces of the first charge-trapping layer; and
a first gate electrode formed to surround side and upper surfaces of the first blocking insulating layer.

US Pat. No. 9,317,149

METHOD FOR DETECTING TOUCH POSITION OF TOUCH SCREEN AND TOUCH SCREEN USING SAME

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A method for detecting a touch position on a touch screen, comprising:
detecting a touched touch screen block among touch screen blocks by using signals generated from at least one touch sensor
among touch sensors included in a plurality of touch screen blocks into which an area of the touch screen is divided; and

detecting a touch position in the detected touch screen block on the basis of a signal of a touch sensor included in the detected
touch screen block,

wherein the detecting of a touched touch screen block among touch screen blocks by using signals generated from at least one
touch sensor among touch sensors included in a plurality of touch screen blocks into which an area of the touch screen is
divided, comprises, if a touched touch screen block is detected by using signals generated from a plurality of touch sensors
in one touch screen block among touch sensors included in the plurality of touch screen blocks:

adding the signals generated from the plurality of touch sensors in each touch screen block through block switches;
transmitting the signals added through the block switches to a signal processing controller through at least one channel switch
that operates in synchronization with the block switches; and

detecting a touched touch screen block among the touch screen blocks on the basis of the signals transmitted to the signal
processing controller.

US Pat. No. 9,352,232

METHOD FOR PROVIDING CHARACTER OF ONLINE GAME AND APPARATUS THEREOF

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A computer-implemented method for providing a character of an online game, comprising:
obtaining information for at least one season character selected from among a plurality of general characters pre-provided
in a game, wherein the information comprises at least one skill capability value and a limitation capability value as an upper
limit value of the at least one skill capability value according to a generated time of the at least one season character;

setting a skill capability value adjustment rule to adjust the at least one skill capability value for the at least one season
character;

adjusting the at least one skill capability value of the at least one season character to be higher than a skill capability
value of a general character corresponding to the at least one season character according to the skill capability value adjustment
rule;

setting a limitation capability value adjustment margin;
setting a limitation capability value adjustment reference according to the limitation capability value adjustment margin;
setting the limitation capability value of the at least one season character according to the limitation capability value
adjustment reference; and

providing, by a processor, the at least one season character in the game according to the adjusted at least one skill capability
value and the set limitation capability value.

US Pat. No. 9,348,318

EFFECTIVE LIFE INDICATOR AND STOPPER INCLUDING THE SAME

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. An effective life indicator configured to display a drinkable or usable time period after opening, the effective life indicator
comprising:
a development material receiving section configured to accommodate a development material;
a development medium member configured to absorb and diffuse the development material;
a rupture member configured to leak the development material to the outside when the rupture member ruptures the development
material receiving section and is separated therefrom; and

a housing configured to accommodate the development material receiving section, the development medium member, and the rupture
member therein and attached to an inner side of a stopper of a container,

wherein the rupture member ruptures the development material receiving section using a pressure applied by the container when
the stopper is coupled to the container, and the development material is leaked to the outside and comes in contact with the
development medium member to start an operation thereof when the stopper is initially separated from the container.

US Pat. No. 9,450,739

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR AVOIDING MACRO INTERFERENCE

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A communication method of a femtocell base station, the method comprising:
determining whether an operation is to be performed by switching ordinal positions of a femtocell uplink frame and a femtocell
downlink frame in a femtocell based on a degree to which macro uplink interference affects a performance of the femtocell
in the femtocell base station;

receiving, from a macrocell base station, a request to relay macrodata to be transmitted from a macrocell terminal to the
macrocell base station;

receiving the macrodata from the macrocell terminal;
processing a transmission of the femtocell uplink frame based on the switched ordinal positions;
processing a transmission of the femtocell downlink frame based on the switched ordinal positions; and
transmitting the macrodata to the macrocell base station,
wherein the processing of the transmission of the femtocell downlink frame and the transmitting of the macrodata to the macrocell
base station are concurrently performed based on a superposition coding scheme.

US Pat. No. 9,806,231

SEMICONDUCTOR LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE HAVING A PHOTONIC CRYSTAL PATTERN FORMED THEREON, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A method for manufacturing a semiconductor light-emitting device, comprising:
(a) sequentially forming, on a semiconductor substrate, a first semiconductor layer, an activation layer and a second semiconductor
layer;

(b) forming, on the surface of the second semiconductor layer, a first photonic crystal pattern so as to have a concavo-convex
section, and forming a second photonic crystal pattern in the first photonic crystal pattern; and

(c) forming a transparent electrode layer on the second semiconductor layer,
wherein the step (b) comprises:
(b1) forming a plurality of concave portions on the surface of the second semiconductor layer, thereby forming the first photonic
crystal pattern; and

(b2) forming the second photonic crystal pattern having a concavo-convex section on an upper surface of the second semiconductor
layer between the concaved portions, and on a lower surface of the concaved portions, respectively, and

wherein in the step (b2), polymer beads are arranged in a single layer on the upper surface of the semiconductor layer where
the first photonic crystal pattern has been formed, and on the lower surface of the concaved portions, then a size of the
polymer beads is controlled, and then the second semiconductor layer is etched using the polymer beads as an etching mask,
thereby forming the second photonic crystal pattern.

US Pat. No. 9,590,716

TRANSMISSION, RECEPTION AND SYSTEM USING MULTIPLE ANTENNAS

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A transmission apparatus, comprising:
first to M-th transmission antennas, where M is a natural number?2;
first to L-th encoders, where L is a natural number?2; and
first to M-th transmission signal generators,
wherein the l-th encoder, l being an arbitrary natural number between 1 and L, receives an l-th symbol sequence and generates
first to M-th encoded symbol sequences by encoding the received l-th symbol sequence according to an l-th multiple antenna
transmission scheme of multiple antenna transmission schemes,

wherein the multiple antenna transmission schemes include a scheme for enabling a first receiver having a first reception
antenna to perform decoding, and a scheme for enabling a second receiver having a plurality of second reception antennas to
perform decoding, and

wherein the m-th transmission signal generator, m being an arbitrary natural number between 1 and M, combines m-th encoded
symbol sequences generated by the encoders to generate a signal to be transmitted via the m-th transmission antenna.

US Pat. No. 9,386,242

IMAGING DEVICE AND METHOD HAVING A CONTROL CIRCUIT TO SHIFT CHARGES OF THE PHOTODIODE OF EACH PIXEL SIMULTANEOUSLY TO A FIRST STORAGE NODE OR A SECOND STORAGE NODE FOR CAPTURING A MOVING OBJECT WITHOUT DISTORTION AND ACHIEVING A W

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. An imaging device, comprising:
a plurality of pixels; and
a control circuit to apply a signal to the pixels,
wherein the pixels comprise:
a photodiode;
a floating diffusion node;
a first storage node and a second storage node to be connected in parallel to each other between the photodiode and the floating
diffusion node;

a first shift switching unit to selectively shift charges integrated in the photodiode to the first storage node;
a second shift switching unit to selectively shift the charges integrated in the photodiode to the second storage node;
a first transfer switching unit to selectively transfer charges integrated in the first storage node to the floating diffusion
node;

a second transfer switching unit to selectively transfer charges integrated in the second storage node to the floating diffusion
node; and

a reset switching unit to be disposed at one side of the floating diffusion node,
wherein the control circuit applies the signal to shift charges of the photodiode of each of the plurality of pixels simultaneously
to the first storage node or the second storage node from the photodiode.

US Pat. No. 9,537,961

OPEN TYPE POI SERVICE SYSTEM USING SNS METHOD AND METHOD THEREOF

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. An open-type point of interest (POI) service system, the system comprising:
a social network service (SNS) media studio server configured to retrieve a plurality of POIs to be displayed on a map for
a first user and register at least one of the plurality of POIs as an open-type POI, the open-type POI being set to be shared
with a second user and including a first POI indicating a location of the first user, a second POI indicating the location
of the second user, and a third POI indicating a traffic state at a physical location of the third POI,

wherein the SNS media studio server comprises:
a map database to store the open-type POI to be associated with the first user; and
an SNS database to store information of the second user with whom the first user sets a relationship,
wherein the open-type POI is supplied to the second user by an open application program interface through an SNS for use with
a map service.

US Pat. No. 9,564,138

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR PROCESSING AUDIO SIGNAL

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. An audio signal processing method, comprising:
receiving a first signal for a first object audio signal group comprising a plurality of object audio signals and a second
signal for a second object audio signal group comprising a plurality of object audio signals;

receiving first metadata for the first object audio signal group and second metadata for the second object audio signal group;
generating object audio signals belonging to the first object audio signal group using the first signal and the first metadata;
and

generating audio object signals belonging to the second object audio signal group using the second signal and the second metadata,
wherein each of the first and second metadata comprises location information of each object corresponding to each object audio
signal belonging to each of the first and second object audio signal groups, and

wherein when the object is a dynamic object a location of which is time-varying, the location information of the object represents
a location value relative to a previous location value of the object.

US Pat. No. 9,492,752

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR PROVIDING CHARACTER OF ONLINE GAME

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A method for providing a character of an online game, comprising:
receiving, by a character providing device, a using signal from a user terminal on a special character item owned by a user;
in response to receiving the using signal, setting, by the character providing device, at least two characters that may be
won, wherein the two characters that may be won comprise at least one general character and at least one special character
generated according to a predetermined standard;

setting, by the character providing device, a predetermined probability for the user to acquire one of the at least one special
character;

holding a drawing, by the character providing device, according to the predetermined probability for determining a won character,
determining, by the character providing device, one character, in response to a result of the drawing, from among the at least
two characters that may be won, as the won character; and

registering the won character to a database of characters owned by the user,
wherein the at least one special character is a regional special character that is differently set according to at least one
of a region of the user terminal accessing the online game and a region for the online game to provide a service.

US Pat. No. 9,778,064

METHOD FOR PROVIDING TRAFFIC CONDITIONS DATA USING A WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS DEVICE, AND A NAVIGATION DEVICE IN WHICH THIS METHOD IS EMPLOYED

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A navigation device comprising:
a memory comprising computer executable instructions;
a display; and
a processor configured to read and execute the computer executable instructions to implement:
a travelling path displaying unit that searches a travelling path to a destination set by a user and displays, on the display,
the travelling path on map data;

a traffic condition data receiving unit that receives traffic condition data for points of interest along the travelling path,
including a first point of interest corresponding to a first closed circuit television (CCTV) installation position and a
second point of interest corresponding to a second CCTV installation position, through a wireless communication device in
response to a request to provide the traffic condition data over the travelling path; and

a traffic condition data providing unit that provides, on the display, the traffic condition data including a first CCTV image
corresponding to the first point of interest and a second CCTV image corresponding to the second point of interest,

wherein the travelling path on map data, the first CCTV image, and the second CCTV image are simultaneously provided on the
display, and

wherein the traffic condition data for one of the points of interest includes a real-time image of a variable message electric
sign positioned at the one of the points of interest, and the traffic condition data providing unit provides, on the display,
the real-time image of the variable message electric sign positioned at the one of the points of interest.

US Pat. No. 9,662,585

SERVER, METHOD, TERMINAL, AND RECORDING MEDIUM FOR PROVIDING GAME

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A game server, comprising:
a character releasing unit configured to, in response to transfer releasing request information:
extract, from a database, character attribute information on a first character;
determine a rearing level of the first character based on a difference between an initial level of the first character and
a current level of the first character, the initial level and the current level being included in the extracted character
attribute information on the first character;

generate transfer character attribute information based on the determined rearing level and required character attribute information
that is required to increase a level for each of stat sections of the first character; and

delete, in the database, first character related information comprising the character attribute information on the first character;
a character attribute information transferring unit configured to update, in the database, character attribute information
on a second character based on the transfer character attribute information, in response to attribute transfer request information,

wherein the character releasing unit is further configured to:
confirm at least one among the current level of the first character and whether a character attribute information extraction
item is held; and

extract, from the database, the character attribute information on the first character in response to the confirmation; and
an item purchase managing unit configured to:
perform a process of purchasing the character attribute information extraction item in response to the confirmation that the
character attribute information extraction item is not held; and

update holding information on the character attribute information extraction item in response to the purchase.

US Pat. No. 9,602,742

IMAGING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR ACHIEVING WIDE DYNAMIC RANGE

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. An imaging device, comprising:
a pixel; and
a control circuit to apply a signal to the pixel,
wherein the pixel comprises:
a photodiode;
a shift switching unit to be disposed at one side of the photodiode;
a first storage node to be disposed at one side of the shift switching unit;
a transfer switching unit to be disposed at one side of the first storage node;
a second storage node to be disposed at one side of the transfer switching unit; and
a reset switching unit to be disposed at one side of the second storage node,
wherein the control circuit performs a first reading operation to read an amount of charges stored in the photodiode, a second
reading operation to read an amount of charges overflowing into the first storage node from the photodiode and stored in the
first storage node, and a third reading operation to read an amount of charges overflowing into the second storage node from
the first storage node,

wherein the first storage node comprise a gate configured to get a signal controlling potential barrier of the first storage
node,

wherein a first integration time, a second integration time and a third integration time are adjusted based on luminance of
an obtained image,

wherein each of the first integration time, the second integration time and the third integration time is used for integration
of an amount of the charges to be read by each of the first reading operation, the second reading operation and the third
reading operation.

US Pat. No. 9,566,521

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR MANAGING CHARACTER INFORMATION OF SPORTS GAME

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. An on-line sports game character information managing method, comprising:
receiving, in real-time over a network, by a managing device, an event information on at least one of a team and a player
included in the on-line game from at least one of a server of an organization and a server of a medium related with a sports
game corresponding to the on-line game;

selecting, by the managing device, at least one player related with the event information;
selecting, by the managing device, a game character stored in a character database of a game server that matches an identification
information of the at least one player;

setting, by the managing device, an improved capability point that is added to a capability point of the game character in
accordance with the event information;

setting, by the managing device, a duration time of the improved capability point to be applied to the capability point of
the game character based on a type of the event information, wherein different duration times for the improved capability
point are set depending on the type of the event information; and

adding, by the game server, the improved capability point to the capability point of the game character for the set duration
time while a user is playing the on-line game,

wherein the improved capability point is no longer added to the capability point of the game character when the set duration
time expires.

US Pat. No. 9,404,808

TEMPERATURE AND TIME INDICATOR FOR CONFIRMING HIGH PRESSURE STERILIZATION

Intellectual Discovery Co...

1. A temperature and time indicator for confirming sterilization comprising:
a development material member configured to melt when exposed to a specific temperature;
a development medium member configured to absorb and diffuse the development material member;
a blocking member disposed between the development material member and the development medium member, wherein the blocking
member comprises

a blocking film having a size equal to or larger than a size of the development material member,
a through-hole disposed at a center of the blocking film, and
a sterilization completion mark disposed on the blocking film, and printed in a specific pattern or form along an outer circumferential
surface of the through-hole; and

first and second forming sheets configured to accommodate the development material member and the development medium member
in upper and lower sides, wherein the first and second forming sheets are compressed and adhered when exposed to a specific
pressure;

wherein the development material comes in contact with the development medium member, through the through-hole formed in the
blocking member, to start activation thereof.

US Pat. No. 9,930,693

WIRELESS NETWORK, ACCESS POINT, AND TERMINAL

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A method for determining a size of a restricted access window (RAW), performed in an access point in a wireless network, the method comprising:estimating a number of terminals attempting to access uplink slots included in a first RAW set in a first beacon interval, wherein the uplink slots included in the first RAW are used for transmission of uplink data; and
determining a size of a second RAW set in a second beacon interval next to the first beacon interval based on the estimated number of terminals,
wherein the second RAW includes uplink slots and at least one downlink slot, wherein the uplink slots included in the second RAW are used for transmission of uplink data, and the at least one downlink slot included in the second RAW is used for transmission of downlink data,
wherein each of the first RAW and the second RAW is allocated to at least one terminal, and the at least one terminal attempts to access the uplink slots included in the first RAW or the second RAW using a random access procedure, and
wherein the wireless network is using communication protocols defined in Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 802.11.

US Pat. No. 9,894,488

OPEN TYPE POI SERVICE SYSTEM USING SNS METHOD AND METHOD THEREOF

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A point of interest (POI) service system, the system comprising:
a social network service (SNS) media studio server configured to:
control to display a POI, which is designated by a first user, on a map;
retrieve information of a relationship between the first user and a second user through an SNS; and
set the POI displayed on the map as an open-type POI that is shared with the second user based on the information of the relationship
between the first user and the second user,

wherein the SNS media studio server is further configured to display the second user's POI on the map at a location that changes
dynamically and corresponds to a POI of a third user who allows the second user to view the third user's location.

US Pat. No. 9,866,281

WIRELESS POWER TRANSMISSION APPARATUS AND METHOD THEREFOR

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A wireless power transmitter comprising:
a power transmitting module configured to transmit wireless power using one of a magnetic field of first frequency band and
a magnetic field of second frequency band that is different from the first frequency band;

a first communication module;
a second communication module; and
a controller configured to:
transmit a first magnetic field signal of the first frequency band through the power transmitting module;
detect a first response signal regarding the first magnetic field signal through the first communication module;
in response to receipt of the first response signal, search for a first wireless power receiver that transmits and receives
wireless power using the first frequency band;

transmit the second magnetic field signal through the power transmitting module;
detect a second response signal regarding the second magnetic field signal through the second communication module; and
in response to receipt of the second response signal, search for a second wireless power receiver that transmits and receives
wireless power using the second frequency band.

US Pat. No. 9,623,331

METHOD FOR PROVIDING GAME REPLAY, SERVER FOR PROVIDING GAME REPLAY, AND RECORDING MEDIUM STORING THE SAME

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A method for providing a game replay performed in a server for providing a game replay connected to a user terminal, comprising:
receiving information corresponding to a plurality of attribute elements of a replay reinforcement character from the user
terminal;

obtaining game play data in a process in which the game play is completed or performed;
determining respective values for the plurality of attribute elements based on the game play data;
determining one of the plurality of attribute elements as a visual reinforcement element for the replay reinforcement character
based on the respective values of the plurality of attribute elements; and

providing the determined visual reinforcement element when a replay requirement related to the game play is received from
the user terminal.

US Pat. No. 9,986,238

INTRA PREDICTION MODE MAPPING METHOD AND DEVICE USING THE METHOD

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. An intra-prediction method comprising:decoding flag information indicating whether one of a candidate intra-prediction modes with respect to a current block and an intra-prediction mode of the current block are identical;
when one of the candidate intra-prediction modes with respect to the current block and an intra-prediction mode of the current block are not identical, deriving the intra-prediction mode of the current block by decoding a syntax element of remaining intra-prediction mode information comprising information regarding the intra-prediction mode of the current block; and
generating a prediction block of the current block based on the derived intra-prediction mode of the current block,
wherein, the deriving the intra-prediction mode of the current block is performed based on a table comprising intra-prediction mode information, the table mapping intra-prediction modes and index information of the intra-prediction modes, wherein when an intra-prediction mode is a planar mode, the intra-prediction mode is mapped to an index 0, when an intra-prediction mode is a DC mode, the intra-prediction mode is mapped to an index 1, and when intra-prediction modes are directional intra-prediction modes, the intra-prediction modes are mapped to indices 2 to 34 according to directivity of the intra-prediction modes,
wherein a codeword length of an index of the candidate intra-prediction modes with respect to the current block is shorter than a codeword length of an index of the remaining intra-prediction mode information,
wherein the candidate intra-prediction modes with respect to the current block are modes for predicting luminance information of the current block
wherein chrominance information of the current block is predicted based on intra-prediction mode information according to the predicting luminance information of the current block, and
wherein the syntax element of the remaining intra-prediction mode information is a value coded using fixed 5 bits.

US Pat. No. 9,838,823

AUDIO SIGNAL PROCESSING METHOD

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. An audio signal processing method performed by an audio signal processing device, comprising:
receiving a bit-stream including at least one of a channel signal and an object signal;
receiving user environment information;
decoding at least one of the channel signal and the object signal based on the received bit-stream;
generating a reproduction signal through a flexible renderer based on the user environment information and at least one of
the channel signal and the object signal;

determining gain and delay in consideration of information on at least one of a speaker's position and a user's position;
and

applying the gain and delay to the reproduction signal,
wherein the generating the reproduction signal generates a first reproduction signal in which the decoded channel signal and
the decoded object signal are combined, using information about a user reproduction channel derived based on the user environment
information, and

wherein the generating the reproduction signal comprises:
selecting three (3) channel signals that are adjacent to the object signal using position information of the object signal
when the information about the user reproduction channel derived based on the user environment information corresponds to
22.2 channels;

multiplying the object signal by a gain value; and
combining the multiplied result with at least one of the selected channel signals.

US Pat. No. 9,722,670

WIRELESS POWER TRANSMISSION NETWORK AND WIRELESS POWER TRANSMISSION METHOD

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A wireless power transmission method, performed by a controller in a base station in a wireless power transfer network
which performs wireless power transmission by using a magnetic field and in-band communication using the magnetic field, and
includes the base station supplying power and a plurality of electronic devices receiving power, the wireless power transmission
method comprising:
transmitting a request packet as a magnetic field signal;
receiving response packets transmitted as magnetic field signals from the plurality of electronic devices which have received
the request packet;

recognizing the plurality of electronic devices on the basis of the received response packets;
splitting a power transmission interval into a plurality of time slots by using the recognition result, and allocating at
least one electronic device to each time slot; and

transferring power by using a magnetic field to an electronic device allocated to a corresponding time slot in each of the
plurality of time slots during the power transmission interval,

wherein the response packets include information regarding characteristics of the plurality of electronic devices, and
wherein the power transmission interval is split into a plurality of time slots and the plurality of time slots are allocated
by using the information regarding the characteristics of the plurality of electronic devices.

US Pat. No. 9,649,563

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING CHARACTER BY INPUTTING PATTERN

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A character manipulating method using a pattern input, the method comprising:
receiving, by a character manipulating device, a first touch input selecting one of at least one action menu that is displayed
on a touch screen mounted in a user terminal, wherein each of the at least one action menu corresponds to a respective action
that is performable by a character in a game from a touch input sensor of the touch screen;

when receiving a second touch input serving as a new touch input for the touch screen from the touch input sensor after the
first touch input is received, receiving, by the character manipulating device, a pattern input that is moved while the second
touch input is maintained therefrom;

selecting, by the character manipulating device, pattern information corresponding to the received pattern input from among
at least one item of predetermined pattern information stored at a storage space of the game by analyzing the pattern input;

selecting, by the character manipulating device, an action command matched with the selected pattern information from among
at least one action command matched with each of said at least one item of predetermined pattern information stored at the
storage space of the game; and

transferring, by the character manipulating device, a control signal that is used for controlling the character to perform
the selected action command to a processor for executing the game.

US Pat. No. 9,532,064

SCALABLE VIDEO CODING METHOD AND APPARATUS USING INTRA PREDICTION MODE

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A method for decoding a scalable video signal based on an inter-layer texture prediction with a decoding apparatus, the
method comprising:
determining whether the inter-layer texture prediction is performed on a current picture in an enhancement layer;
filtering, based on a resolution difference between the enhancement layer and a reference layer,
a reconstructed reference picture in the reference layer to be used for the inter-layer texture prediction in response to
the determining;

obtaining a predicted pixel value of a current block in the current picture by applying correlation parameters to a reconstructed
pixel value of a reference block in the filtered reference picture,

the correlation parameters including both
a weighting value, determined by ALPHA parameter; and
an offset value, determined by BETA parameter;
the correlation parameters being calculated in the decoding apparatus based on the reconstructed reference picture of the
reference layer,

the prediction pixel value of the current block being obtained by adding the offset value to a value resulting from multiplying
the reconstructed pixel value of the reference block by the weighting value; and

decoding the current block using the obtained predicted pixel value.

US Pat. No. 9,743,096

SCALABLE VIDEO CODING METHOD AND APPARATUS USING INTER PREDICTION MODE

Intellectual Discovery Co...

1. A method of decoding a scalable video with a decoding apparatus using a processor, the method comprising:
generating a residual block relating to a target decoding block in a current layer based on quantized coefficients from a
bitstream;

generating a prediction block relating to the target decoding block by performing motion compensation on the target decoding
block based on a motion vector,

wherein generating the prediction block comprises:
deriving a first motion vector candidate for the target decoding block from at least one of neighboring blocks to the target
decoding block;

deriving a second motion vector candidate for the target decoding block by using a motion vector of a corresponding block
in a corresponding picture from a reference layer, depending on a difference between a resolution of the reference layer and
a resolution of the current layer, the corresponding picture being representative of a reconstructed picture of the reference
layer which is added to a reference picture list as a reference picture of the target decoding block;

generating a motion candidate list for the target decoding block in the current layer, the motion candidate list including
comprising the first motion vector candidate and the second motion vector candidate;

obtaining index information from the bitstream, the index information being signaled to specify a location or an arrangement
order of a motion vector candidate to be used as the motion vector predictor among motion vector candidates within the motion
candidate list;

obtaining a motion vector predictor of the target decoding block using the motion candidate list and the index information;
the index information being signaled to specify a location or an arrangement order of a motion vector candidate to be used
as the motion vector predictor among motion vector candidates within the motion candidate list; and

generating a prediction block relating to the target decoding block by performing motion compensation using the motion vector
predictor; and

reconstructing the target decoding block based on the residual block and the prediction block.

US Pat. No. 9,706,566

UPLINK INTERFERENCE MITIGATION METHOD AND APPARATUS

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. An uplink interference mitigation method performed by a base station (BS) in a communication system comprising:
allocating, for a mobile station, a first set of frequency resource units related to a sector, wherein the first set of frequency
resource units correspond to at least one bit position of a physical band bitmap;

acquiring load information including load information of a neighboring sector, the load information being associated with
interference occurring in uplink, wherein the load information associated with the interference is based on an interference
level;

determining whether the interference level is higher or lower than a threshold value;
setting a second set of frequency resource units for the mobile station differently from the first set of frequency resource
units if there is a third set of frequency resource units having the interference level higher than the threshold value; and

performing uplink scheduling for the mobile station within the second set of frequency resource units, wherein the uplink
scheduling includes allocating, for the mobile station, the second set of frequency resource units related to the sector with
avoiding the third set of frequency resource units related to the neighboring sector based on the load information.

US Pat. No. 9,463,378

METHOD, TERMINAL, SERVER, AND RECORDING MEDIUM FOR PROVIDING TACTIC HOT KEY SERVICE

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A server for providing a tactic hot key service, comprising:
a communication interface connected to a plurality of terminals in a wired or wireless manner, receiving a manipulation input
for a terminal, and transmitting data to the terminal in response to the manipulation input;

a storage which stores a plurality of identity codes identifying the terminals or users of the terminals, a plurality of tactics
used in a game, and a plurality of hot keys to execute the tactics;

a controller which controls the communication interface and the storage to display at least one tactic among the tactics and
at least one hot key among the hot keys matching the at least one tactic on a screen of the terminal based on the manipulation
input.

US Pat. No. 9,905,231

AUDIO SIGNAL PROCESSING METHOD

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. An audio signal processing method, comprising:
receiving a bit-stream including both a normal channel signal and an exceptional channel signal;
decoding the exceptional channel signal and the normal channel signal from the received bit-stream;
decoding channel configuration information from the received bit-stream;
receiving speaker position information of a reproduction end;
deriving a gain value based on at least one among the channel configuration information and the speaker position information
of the reproduction end;

compensating for the gain value and delay for each speaker; and
outputting the exceptional channel signal as multiple channel signals using the gain value,
wherein the compensating for the gain value and the delay are performed based on the speaker position information,
wherein the deriving the gain value comprises delivering a sum of absolute values of differences for all speakers, each of
the differences being a difference between a sneaker position of the reproduction end and a corresponding speaker position
according to a standard specification, and

wherein the deriving the gain value for at least one speaker among the all speakers is performed adaptively based on the sum
of absolute values of the differences.

US Pat. No. 9,749,641

METHODS AND APPARATUSES OF ENCODING/DECODING INTRA PREDICTION MODE USING CANDIDATE INTRA PREDICTION MODES

Intellectual Discovery Co...

1. A decoding method, the decoding method comprising:
determining whether a first intra prediction mode derived from a first neighboring block located at the left side of a current
block is identical to a second intra prediction mode derived from a second neighboring block located at the upper side of
the current block,

wherein when the first intra prediction mode is not identical to the second intra prediction mode, the decoding method comprises:
deriving a first candidate intra prediction mode from the first intra prediction mode and a second candidate intra prediction
mode from the second intra prediction mode;

setting a third candidate intra prediction mode equal to a planar mode when none of the first candidate intra prediction mode
and the second candidate intra prediction mode is the planar mode;

setting the third candidate intra prediction mode equal to a DC mode when one of the first candidate intra prediction mode
and the second candidate intra prediction mode is the planar mode, and the other is not the DC mode; and

setting the third candidate intra prediction mode equal to a vertical mode when one of the first candidate intra prediction
mode and the second candidate intra prediction mode is the planar mode, and the other is the DC mode, and

wherein when the first intra prediction mode is identical to the second intra prediction mode, the decoding method comprises:
determining whether the first and second intra prediction modes are identical to the DC mode;
setting the first candidate intra prediction mode equal to the planar mode when the first and second intra prediction modes
are identical to the DC mode, setting the second candidate intra prediction mode equal to the DC mode, and setting the third
candidate intra prediction mode equal to the vertical mode.

US Pat. No. 9,918,083

METHOD FOR ENCODING/DECODING AN INTRA-PICTURE PREDICTION MODE USING TWO INTRA-PREDICTION MODE CANDIDATE, AND APPARATUS USING SUCH A METHOD

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. An intra-prediction mode decoding method, comprising:
deriving a first candidate intra-prediction mode and a second candidate intra-prediction mode of a current prediction unit
(PU);

determining whether an intra-prediction mode of the current PU is identical to the first candidate intra-prediction mode or
the second candidate intra-prediction mode based on n-bit information;

when the intra-prediction mode of the current PU is identical to one of the first candidate intra-prediction mode and the
second candidate intra-prediction mode, determining which one of the first candidate intra-prediction mode and the second
candidate intra-prediction mode is identical to the intra-prediction mode of the current PU, based on additional m-bit information;
and

decoding the intra-prediction mode of the current PU,
wherein deriving the first candidate intra-prediction mode and the second candidate intra-prediction mode comprises:
deriving a first neighbor prediction mode based on a first neighbor PU adjacent to the current PU,
wherein when the first neighbor PU is available, the first neighbor prediction mode is set to as an intra prediction mode
of the first neighbor PU, and

wherein when the first neighbor PU is unavailable, the first neighbor prediction mode is set to a DC mode;
deriving a second neighbor prediction mode based on a second neighbor PU adjacent to the current PU,
wherein when the second neighbor PU is available, the second neighbor prediction mode is set to as an intra prediction mode
of the second neighbor PU, and

wherein when the second neighbor PU is unavailable, the second neighbor prediction mode is set to a DC mode; and
deriving the first candidate intra-prediction mode and the second candidate intra-prediction mode from the first neighbor
prediction mode and the second neighbor prediction mode,

wherein when the first neighbor prediction mode and the second neighbor prediction mode are different, the first candidate
intra-prediction mode and the second candidate intra-prediction mode are determined without comparing values of the first
neighbor prediction mode and the second neighbor prediction mode.

US Pat. No. 9,893,824

PACKET TRANSMISSION/RECEPTION METHOD AND APPARATUS IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. An apparatus configured for processing a packet, from a transmitter in a wireless communication system, comprising:
a receiver configured to receive the packet, wherein the packet comprises a legacy training field, a legacy signal field including
a length field that includes length information, Very High Throughput (VHT) signal fields, a VHT training field, and a data
field; and

a packet processor configured to process the packet, by using the length information,
wherein a first VHT signal field among the VHT signal fields is positioned between the legacy signal field and the VHT training
field, and a second VHT signal field among the VHT signal fields is positioned between the VHT training field and the data
field,

wherein the data field comprises a data unit comprising Aggregate-Medium Access Control Protocol Data Unit (A-MPDU) subframes,
a Medium Access Control (MAC) pad added to the data unit, and a physical pad added to the MAC pad, and

wherein the MAC pad comprises a first pad having a length of 0 to 3 bytes, a second pad having a length of a multiple of 4
bytes, and a third pad having a length of 0 to 3 bytes.

US Pat. No. 9,695,055

SYNTHETIC GEL FOR CRYSTAL GROWTH INDUCING ONLY SECONDARY GROWTH FROM SURFACE OF SILICALITE-1 OR ZEOLITE BETA SEED CRYSTAL

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A method for preparing a thin film or a thick film, the method comprising:
(1) aligning non-spherical silicalite-1 seed crystals on at least one surface of a substrate such that one or more or all
of a-axes, b-axes and c-axes of the seed crystals are oriented according to a predetermined rule;

(2) removing an amorphous silica layer formed on the surface of the seed crystals; and
(3) exposing the aligned seed crystals to the synthetic gel for crystal growth, which induces only secondary growth from a
surface of silicalite-1 (SL) seed crystals and does not induce crystal nucleation in the synthetic gel or on the surface of
the seed crystals, comprising fumed silica, tetraethylammonium hydroxide (TEAOH), [(NH4)2SiF6], KOH and H2O, and forming and
growing the film from the seed crystals by a secondary growth method.

US Pat. No. 9,936,218

SCALABLE VIDEO CODING METHOD AND APPARATUS USING INTRA PREDICTION MODE

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A method for decoding a scalable video signal based on an inter-layer prediction with a decoding apparatus, the method comprising:determining whether the inter-layer prediction is performed on a current picture in an enhancement layer;
filtering, based on a resolution difference between the enhancement layer and a reference layer, a reconstructed reference picture in the reference layer to be used for the inter-layer prediction in response to the determining;
obtaining a prediction block relating to a current block in the current picture by applying correlation parameters to a reconstructed pixel value of a reference block in the filtered reference picture, the correlation parameters including both a weighting value determined by ALPHA parameter and a offset value determined by BETA parameter, the correlation parameters being calculated in the decoding apparatus based on the reconstructed reference picture of the reference layer, the prediction block being obtained by adding the offset value to a value resulting from multiplying the reconstructed pixel values of the reference block by the weighting value;
entropy-decoding an input bitstream to generate quantized coefficients relating to the current block in the enhancement layer;
inverse quantizing the quantized coefficients to generate transform coefficients relating to the current block;
inverse transforming the transform coefficients to generate a residual block relating to the current block; and
reconstructing the current block by using the residual block and the prediction block.

US Pat. No. 9,894,690

STATION AND METHOD OF SETTING CONNECTION THE ACCESS POINT AND THE STATION

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A method for setting connection between an access point and a station, comprising:
transmitting, by a station management entity included in the station, to a medium access control (MAC) layer management entity
included in the station, information about a reception condition which defines a transmitting type of a communication setup
message transmitted by the access point and information about a report time at which the MAC layer management entity should
report that the MAC layer management entity has received the communication setup message from the access point to the station
management entity, when the MAC layer management entity receives the communication setup message, and

adjusting, by the MAC layer management entity, a transmission timing of basic service set (BSS) information in the communication
setup message to the station management entity according to connection priority requirement information included in the communication
setup message received by the MAC layer management entity from the access point, and the information about the report time,

wherein the connection priority requirement information comprises differentiated initial link setup (DILS) information to
distribute connection timing by one or more stations to the access point, and the BSS information comprises information about
a BSS operated by the access point.

US Pat. No. 9,702,708

VEHICLE NAVIGATION SYSTEM, METHOD FOR CONTROLLING VEHICLE NAVIGATION SYSTEM, AND VEHICLE BLACK BOX

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A vehicle navigation apparatus for a vehicle comprising: a storage unit;
a communication unit configured to receive image data from a vehicle black box mounted in the vehicle; and
a controller configured to map the received image data to route guidance information and store the received image data at
the storage unit,

wherein the route guidance information comprises a plurality of sub-route guidance information each of which corresponds to
a respective division of the route guidance information,

wherein the image data are captured by the vehicle black box while the vehicle is driven along the route according to guidance
information and divided into a plurality of captured image data each of which has a predetermined recoding time interval or
a predetermined file size, and

wherein the controller maps the received image data to route guidance information in such a way that one or more captured
image data of the plurality of captured image data correspond to one or more sub-route guidance information of the plurality
of sub-route guidance information.

US Pat. No. 9,646,620

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR PROCESSING AUDIO SIGNAL

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. An audio signal processing method, comprising:
receiving a first signal for a first object audio signal group comprising a plurality of object audio signals and a second
signal for a second object audio signal group comprising a plurality of object audio signals;

receiving first metadata for the first object audio signal group and second metadata for the second object audio signal group;
generating object audio signals belonging to the first object audio signal group using the first signal and the first metadata;
and

generating object audio signals belonging to the second object audio signal group using the second signal and the second metadata,
wherein each of the first and second metadata comprises location information of each object corresponding to each object audio
signal belonging to each of the first and second object audio signal groups,

wherein when the object is a dynamic object the location of which is time-varying, the location information of the object
represents a location value relative to a previous location value of the object, and

wherein the location information of each object comprises information on azimuth of the object.

US Pat. No. 9,669,309

METHOD FOR MANAGING LEAGUE POINT OF POINT LAPSING LEAGUE MODE AND SERVER FOR PROVIDING POINT LAPSING LEAGUE MODE

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A method implemented by a server in electronic communication with a user terminal for managing league points of a point
lapsing league mode of an online league game, the method comprising:
providing, by the server to the user terminal, a point lapsing league mode in which predetermined league points are allocated
to the user terminal for a predetermined period and progress of the online league game is restricted when all the predetermined
league points are consumed by the user terminal;

outputting, by the server to the user terminal, a game character information selecting interface for selecting a game character
for progressing a game of the point lapsing league mode from at least one game character;

consuming, by the server from the predetermined league points, preset league points to be consumed per game of the point lapsing
league mode that are set to the selected game character before the game, when the user terminal finishes playing the game
of the point lapsing league mode through the selected game character;

determining, by the server, whether all the predetermined league points of the user terminal that played in the point lapsing
league mode are consumed; and

outputting, by the server to the user terminal, information for notifying that the online league game cannot be progressed
in the point lapsing league mode, when all the predetermined league points of the user terminal that played in the point lapsing
league mode are consumed,

wherein the league points include league fixed points that are provided to the user terminal for the predetermined period
as the predetermined league points and league floating points that are directly provided to the user terminal in an item form
and are additionally usable irrespective of the fixed league points.

US Pat. No. 9,478,123

REMOTE CONTROL DEVICE AND METHOD

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A remote control method, comprising:
transmitting a device selecting signal;
receiving a response signal from a target device that is to be controlled and that receives the device selecting signal;
identifying the target device based on the response signal;
changing at least one of an angle of beam spread and a direction of the device selecting signal, when a plurality of target
devices to be controlled are identified; and

generating a remote control signal based on device control information corresponding to the identified target device, and
transmitting the remote control signal to the target device,

wherein the step of changing at least one of an angle of beam spread and a direction of the device selecting signal comprises:
reducing the angle of beam spread of the device selecting signal at a predetermined interval;
requesting a device that receives the device selecting signal to transmit the response signal; and
reducing the angle of beam spread of the device selecting signal until one of the plurality of target devices is selected.

US Pat. No. 9,985,695

WIRELESS POWER TRANSMISSION APPARATUS AND METHOD THEREFOR

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A wireless power transmitting apparatus comprising:a power transmitting module transmitting wireless power by using a magnetic field of a frequency band from among a plurality of predetermined frequency bands;
a communication module performing communication with a wireless power receiving apparatus; and
a controller receiving a plurality of device profiles reflecting a frequency band used by a plurality of wireless power receiving apparatuses for transceiving the wireless power from the plurality of wireless power receiving apparatuses respectively, and configuring a power transmission mode based on the plurality of device profiles,
wherein the power transmission mode includes a simultaneous mode of simultaneously transmitting the wireless power to the plurality of wireless power receiving apparatuses, a time division mode of transmitting the wireless power to the plurality of wireless power receiving apparatuses in a time division scheme, and a time division simultaneous mode of transmitting the wireless power to the plurality of wireless power receiving apparatuses simultaneously during a time-divided interval in a time division scheme.

US Pat. No. 9,831,719

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING WIRELESS POWER

Intellectual Discovery Co...

1. An apparatus for transmitting wireless power that performs wireless power transmission by using a magnetic field, the apparatus
comprising:
an oscillator which oscillates power having a specific frequency;
an amplifier which outputs transmission power by amplifying the power having the specific frequency;
an impedance matcher including a matching network which adjusts impedance according to a digital control signal and an analog
control signal, a sensor which senses a voltage value or a current value of the transmission power, a digital controller which
compares a sensing result by the sensor to a magnitude of a reference value, outputs the digital control signal according
to the comparison result, and generates an analog control start signal when adjustment of the impedance by the digital control
signal is completed, and an analog controller which is activated by the analog control start signal and outputs the analog
control signal based on a difference between the sensing result by the sensor and the reference value; and

a transmitting antenna which radiates the magnetic field by using the transmission power.

US Pat. No. 9,706,477

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR CONFIGURING MULTI-BAND BASED LINK IN WIRELESS LAN SYSTEM

Intellectual Discovery Co...

1. A method of configuring a wireless link, performed in a mobile station, the method comprising:
receiving a beacon message, from a wireless access station supporting a plurality of communication channels, through a first
communication channel among the plurality of communication channels;

obtaining first wireless access information, used for accessing the first communication channel, from the beacon message;
obtaining a list of one or more available communication channels, excluding the first communication channel, among the plurality
of communication channels, from the beacon message;

determining a communication channel, for access, among the first communication channel and the one or more available communication
channel;

transmitting, in response to the determined communication channel being one of the one or more available communication channels,
a probe request message, requesting second wireless access information used for accessing the determined communication channel,
to the wireless access station through the determined communication channel; and

receiving, in response to the probe request message, a probe response message comprising the second wireless access information,
from the wireless access station, through the determined communication channel.

US Pat. No. 9,702,725

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR DISPLAYING A POINT OF INTEREST

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. An apparatus for displaying a point-of-interest (POI) in a vehicle, comprising:
an output unit displaying a navigation path with a first image icon for a first POI along the navigation path; and
a controller to display, on the output unit, a list for POI guiding including at least the first POI, wherein the list for
POI guiding is displayed at the same time as the navigation path with the first image icon for the first POI such that the
list for POI guiding does not overlap the navigation path and does not overlap the first image icon for the first POI,

wherein the list for POI guiding includes another first image icon for the first POI, a first name of the first POI, and a
first remaining distance from the vehicle to the first POI in real-time, and

wherein, as the vehicle passes the first POI, the first image icon for the first POI is displayed along the navigation path
while the other first image icon for the first POI, the first name of the first POI, and the first remaining distance from
the vehicle to the first POI in real-time disappears from the list for POI guiding.

US Pat. No. 9,569,928

METHOD FOR PROVIDING REWARD ITEM OF ONLINE GAME AND APPARATUS FOR THE SAME

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A method for providing a reward item of an online game reward through an item providing apparatus, comprising:
generating at least one reward item table corresponding to one mode among a plurality of modes that can be provided in a game
and storing at least one reward item available in other modes except for the corresponding mode;

setting each win probability of at least one reward item of at least one reward item table;
drawing the won item among at least one item according to the win probability in the reward item table corresponding to the
executed mode if the character of the user wins the match in the one mode among a plurality of modes;

displaying a reward item providing screen providing the won item to the character and including a mode entry button to enter
an item display mode as a mode using the won item on the user terminal of the user; and

entering the item display mode when receiving a selection input for the mode entry button from the user terminal.

US Pat. No. 9,882,094

LIGHT SOURCE WITH INNER AND OUTER BODIES COMPRISING THREE DIFFERENT ENCAPSULANTS

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A light source packaging, comprising:
a plurality of leads;
at least one light source die attached on one of the plurality of leads;
a first encapsulant encapsulating a first portion of the leads defining an inner reflective body, wherein the first encapsulant
consists of an inner reflective surface, a bottom reflective portion and an outer reflective surface, and encapsulates the
first portion of the leads in the bottom reflective portion;

a reflector defined by at least the inner reflective surface;
second encapsulant encapsulating substantially a second portion of the leads and the outer reflective surface surrounding
the reflector of the inner reflective body defining an outer non-reflective body; and

a third encapsulant encapsulating the light source die and the inner reflective surface in a way that a top surface of the
third encapsulant is below a top surface of the inner reflective body.

US Pat. No. 9,848,278

DIGITAL DEVICE AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING ADDITIONAL SERVICE BY USING THE SAME

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A method of providing an additional service of a mobile communication terminal, the method comprising:
receiving a command from a user; and
transmitting, when the command corresponds to an additional service identity module, an additional service operator identity
code and an additional service subscriber authentication information to an additional service providing device via a first
communication network device in one case and via a second communication network device in another case, the additional service
operator identity code and the additional service subscriber authentication information being stored in the additional service
identity module, the additional service providing device corresponding to the additional service operator identity code, the
first communication network device corresponding to a communication operator identity code, and the second communication network
device not corresponding to the communication operator identity code,

wherein the method further comprises transmitting the communication operator identity code and a communication subscriber
authentication information to the first communication network device, the communication operator identity code and the communication
subscriber authentication information being stored in a subscriber identity module, and

wherein a communication operator corresponding to the communication operator identity code provides a communication service,
and an additional service operator corresponding to the additional service operator identity code provides an additional service
including at least one of a video game, a music and a broadcasting program.

US Pat. No. 9,768,359

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME, LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A semiconductor device, comprising:
a semiconductor layer; and
a transparent electrode made of a resistance change substance and formed on one side of the semiconductor layer,
wherein the transparent electrode comprises a channel on which electrons are capable of hopping and conductive paths formed
by applying a voltage of a threshold voltage or more, and

the threshold voltage forming the conductive paths is lowered by the channel.

US Pat. No. 9,762,923

SCALABLE VIDEO CODING METHOD AND APPARATUS USING INTRA PREDICTION MODE

Intellectual Discovery Co...

1. A method for decoding a scalable video signal based on an inter-layer prediction with a decoding apparatus, the method
comprising:
entropy-decoding an input bitstream to generate quantized coefficients relating to a current block in an enhancement layer;
generating a residual block relating to the current block based on the generated quantized coefficients;
determining whether the inter-layer prediction is performed on a current picture in the enhancement layer;
filtering, based on a resolution difference between the enhancement layer and a reference layer, a reconstructed reference
picture in the reference layer to be used for the inter-layer prediction in response to the determining;

obtaining a prediction block relating to the current block in the current picture by applying correlation parameters to a
reconstructed pixel value of a reference block in the filtered reference picture, the correlation parameters including both
a weighting value determined by ALPHA parameter and a offset value determined by BETA parameter, the correlation parameters
being calculated in the decoding apparatus based on the reconstructed reference picture of the reference layer, the prediction
block being obtained by adding the offset value to a value resulting from multiplying the reconstructed pixel values of the
reference block by the weighting value; and

reconstructing the current block by using the residual block and the prediction block.

US Pat. No. 9,706,562

STATION AND METHOD OF SETTING CONNECTION THE ACCESS POINT AND THE STATION

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A method to set a connection between an access point and a station, comprising:
transmitting, by the access point, a communication setup message to the station; and
implementing, by the access point, a connection setup according to a connection request by the station,
wherein the communication setup message comprises a first user priority bit, a second user priority bit, and a third user
priority bit, and

wherein the first user priority bit indicates high priority link setup for a station comprising transmission queues having
frames with user priority 4-7, the second user priority bit indicates low priority link setup for a station comprising a transmission queue having frames
with user priority 0-3, and the third user priority bit indicates high priority link setup for a station comprising a transmission que having no
frames.

US Pat. No. 9,560,615

SYNCHRONIZATION METHOD OF FEMTOCELL BASE STATION AND FEMTOCELL BASE STATION USING THE SAME

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A method of synchronizing a femtocell base station, comprising:
allowing the femtocell base station to receive a signal having a first cyclic prefix (CP) from a macrocell base station in
an orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA) communication system in which a femtocell and a macrocell have overlapping
coverage;

performing a downlink synchronization of the femtocell with the signal, wherein the downlink synchronization includes matching
downlink transmission start timing of a symbol at the femtocell base station with reception timing of the signal at the femtocell
base station; and

allowing the femtocell base station to transmit the symbol having a second CP to a terminal belonging to the femtocell.

US Pat. No. 9,961,363

INTER-LAYER PREDICTION METHOD FOR MULTI-LAYER VIDEO AND DEVICE THEREFOR

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. An inter-layer prediction apparatus for a multi-layer video, comprising:a frame buffer configured to store a reconstructed picture in an enhancement layer and a reconstructed picture in the reference layer; and
a processor configured to
determine whether the reconstructed picture in the reference layer is present at a time corresponding to a current picture in the enhancement layer,
determine an inter-layer reference picture for the current picture, in response to the reconstructed picture in the reference layer being determined to be present at the time corresponding to the current picture,
generate a reference picture list, for the current picture, including the inter-layer reference picture and the reconstructed picture in the enhancement layer, and
perform inter prediction on the current picture based on the reference picture list.

US Pat. No. 9,887,338

LIGHT EMITTING DIODE DEVICE

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. An electronic assembly, comprising:
at least one Light Emitting Diode having an outer periphery and including a first surface with at least two electrodes, the
Light Emitting Diode also having a solderable metallic surface on a second surface of the Light Emitting Diode opposite to
the first surface such that the solderable metallic surface is only within the outer periphery of the Light Emitting Diode;

at least one electric circuit element other than the at least one Light Emitting Diode;
a printed circuit board having a first surface on which the Light Emitting Diode and the at least one electric circuit element
are mounted, wherein the printed circuit board has a via; and

a heat sink disposed on a second surface of the printed circuit board, wherein the second surface is opposed to the first
surface,

wherein the solderable metallic surface is positioned across the via and in direct contact with the printed circuit board
and thermally connected to the heat sink through the via to dissipate heat generated by the at least one Light Emitting Diode.

US Pat. No. 10,129,567

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ENCODING/DECODING IMAGES USING A PREDICTION METHOD ADOPTING IN-LOOP FILTERING

Intellectual Discovery Co...

1. A video decoding method performed by a video decoding apparatus, the method comprising:obtaining quantized coefficients of a current video by decoding an input bitstream;
generating a residual video of the current video by performing an inverse-quantization and an inverse-transform on the quantized coefficients;
generating a prediction video of the current video by using an intra prediction mode relating to the current video and neighboring pixels adjacent to the current video;
generating a restored video by summing the residual video and the prediction video; and
performing in-loop filtering on the restored video,
wherein the performing the in-loop filtering comprises
performing a deblocking filtering; and
performing, after the deblocking filtering, a secondary filtering,
wherein the performing the secondary filtering comprises
decoding information on a difference value from the input bitstream to obtain the difference value, the difference value being determined based on a difference between a pixel of an original video and a corresponding pixel of the restored video and being obtained in a unit of a group of pixels based on components comprising luminance and chrominance; and
correcting the pixel of the restored video by adding the difference value to the pixel of the restored video.

US Pat. No. 10,045,383

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SEPARATED CONNECTIONS OF UPLINK AND DOWNLINK

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. An operating method of a network comprising at least a base station, the method comprising:transmitting, performed by each of base stations, a downlink reference signal to a terminal;
receiving, performed by a first base station, a strength of the downlink reference signal from the terminal;
establishing, performed by the first base station, a downlink cell association with the terminal;
determining, performed by the first base station, an identifier of a second base station providing an uplink control channel;
transmitting, performed by the first base station, the identifier of a second base station through the downlink cell association; and
establishing, performed by the second base station, an uplink cell association with the terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,045,026

METHOD FOR DETERMINING COLOR DIFFERENCE COMPONENT QUANTIZATION PARAMETER AND DEVICE USING THE METHOD

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A video decoding apparatus comprising:an inverse-quantizer configured to determine a size of a quantization group, the quantization group being a group of a plurality of transform blocks to which a same chrominance component quantization parameter is applied, configured to calculate the chrominance component quantization parameter to be applied to the determined quantization group, and configured to inverse-quantize transform coefficients of a transform block included in the determined quantization group by using the calculated chrominance component quantization parameter; and
an inverse-transformer configured to generate a residual block by inverse-transforming the inverse-quantized transform coefficients,
wherein the inverse-quantizer comprises:
a chrominance component quantization parameter index calculator configured to calculate a chrominance component quantization parameter index by using a first chrominance component quantization parameter offset of a picture level and a second chrominance component quantization parameter offset of a slice level, wherein the first chrominance component quantization parameter offset is extracted from a picture parameter set of a bitstream, and the second chrominance component quantization parameter offset is extracted from a slice header of the bitstream; and
a chrominance component quantization parameter calculator configured to calculate the chrominance component quantization parameter based on a pre-defined mapping table and the chrominance component quantization parameter index.

US Pat. No. 10,021,406

SCALABLE VIDEO CODING METHOD AND APPARATUS USING INTER PREDICTION MODE

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A method of decoding a scalable video using a processor, the method comprising:deriving a first motion vector candidate for a target decoding block from at least one of neighboring blocks to the target decoding block;
deriving a second motion vector candidate for the target decoding block by using a motion vector of a corresponding block in a corresponding picture from a reference layer, depending on a difference between a resolution of the reference layer and a resolution of the current layer, the corresponding picture being representative of a reconstructed picture of the reference layer which is added to a reference picture list as a reference picture of the target decoding block;
generating a motion candidate list for the target decoding block in the current layer, the motion candidate list comprising the first motion vector candidate and the second motion vector candidate;
obtaining index information from a bitstream, the index information being signaled to specify a location or an arrangement order of a motion vector candidate to be used as the motion vector predictor among motion vector candidates within the motion candidate list;
obtaining a motion vector predictor of the target decoding block using the motion candidate list and the index information;
generating a prediction block relating to the target decoding block by performing motion-compensation using the motion vector predictor;
obtaining quantized coefficients relating to the target decoding block;
inverse quantizing the quantized coefficients to generate transform coefficients relating to the target decoding block;
inverse transforming the transform coefficients to generate a residual block relating to the target decoding block; and
reconstructing the target decoding block based on the residual block and the prediction block.

US Pat. No. 10,284,841

METHOD FOR ENCODING/DECODING AN INTRA-PICTURE PREDICTION MODE USING TWO INTRA-PREDICTION MODE CANDIDATE, AND APPARATUS USING SUCH A METHOD

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A method of decoding a video signal, comprising:deriving a first candidate intra-prediction mode and a second candidate intra-prediction mode of a current prediction unit (PU);
determining whether an intra-prediction mode of the current PU is identical to the first candidate intra-prediction mode or the second candidate intra-prediction mode based on n-bit information;
when the intra-prediction mode of the current PU is identical to one of the first candidate intra-prediction mode and the second candidate intra-prediction mode, determining which one of the first candidate intra-prediction mode and the second candidate intra-prediction mode is identical to the intra-prediction mode of the current PU, based on additional m-bit information;
obtaining the intra-prediction mode of the current PU, and
obtaining prediction sample of the current PU based on the intra-prediction mode of the current PU,
wherein deriving the first candidate intra-prediction mode and the second candidate intra-prediction mode comprises:
deriving a first neighbor prediction mode based on a first neighbor PU adjacent to the current PU,
wherein when the first neighbor PU is available, the first neighbor prediction mode is set to as an intra prediction mode of the first neighbor PU, and
wherein when the first neighbor PU is unavailable, the first neighbor prediction mode is set to a DC mode;
deriving a second neighbor prediction mode based on a second neighbor PU adjacent to the current PU,
wherein when the second neighbor PU is available, the second neighbor prediction mode is set to as an intra prediction mode of the second neighbor PU, and
wherein when the second neighbor PU is unavailable, the second neighbor prediction mode is set to a DC mode; and
deriving the first candidate intra-prediction mode and the second candidate intra-prediction mode from the first neighbor prediction mode and the second neighbor prediction mode,
wherein when the first neighbor prediction mode and the second neighbor prediction mode are different, the first candidate intra-prediction mode and the second candidate intra-prediction mode are determined without comparing values of the first neighbor prediction mode and the second neighbor prediction mode.

US Pat. No. 10,237,577

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ENCODING/DECODING IMAGES USING A PREDICTION METHOD ADOPTING IN-LOOP FILTERING

Intellectual Discovery Co...

1. A video decoding method performed by a video decoding apparatus, the method comprising:obtaining quantized coefficients of a current block by decoding an input bitstream;
generating a residual block of the current block by performing an inverse-quantization and an inverse-transform on the quantized coefficients;
generating a prediction block by performing an intra prediction on the current block, the intra prediction being performed by using an intra prediction mode relating to the current block and neighboring pixels adjacent to the current block;
determining, based on a direction of the intra prediction mode, both whether to perform filtering on at least one predicted pixel adjacent to a boundary of the prediction block and a location of the at least one predicted pixel on which the filtering is performed;
performing the filtering on the at least one predicted pixel adjacent to the boundary of the prediction block when the filtering is determined to be performed based on the direction of the intra prediction mode; and
generating a restored block based on the residual block and the filtered prediction block.

US Pat. No. 10,368,380

WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND METHOD

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A user equipment included in a wireless communication system, wherein the user equipment wirelessly accesses a mobile relay to establish an access link, wirelessly accesses a donor base-station to establish a macro link, simultaneously maintains connections with the donor base-station and the mobile relay coexisting in the same coverage area, and conducts wireless communication with the mobile relay through the access link using a pre-established first frequency band and conducts wireless communication with the donor base-station through the macro link using a pre-established second frequency band,wherein a data transmission mode used for the access link is a time division duplex mode,
the data transmission mode used for the macro link is a frequency division duplex mode, and
the user equipment dynamically changes a resource assignment ratio for each of uplink and downlink through the access link according to predetermined conditions of change and transmits change information of the resource assignment ratio to the mobile relay, and
the change information of the resource assignment ratio is used in changing a resource assignment ratio of another user equipment within a coverage of the mobile relay as the conditions of change.

US Pat. No. 10,219,001

INTER-LAYER PREDICTION METHOD FOR MULTI-LAYER VIDEO AND DEVICE THEREFOR

Intellectual Discovery Co...

1. An inter-layer prediction apparatus for a multi-layer video, comprising:a frame buffer configured to store a reconstructed picture in an enhancement layer and a reconstructed picture in a reference layer;
a predictor configured to
determine whether the reconstructed picture in the reference layer is present at a time corresponding to a current picture in the enhancement layer,
determine an inter-layer reference picture for the current picture, in response to the determination that the reconstructed picture is present at the time corresponding to the current picture,
generate a reference picture list for the current picture including the inter-layer reference picture and the reconstructed picture in the enhancement layer, and
generate a predicted picture of the current picture by performing inter prediction on the current picture based on the reference picture list; and
an adder configured to generate a reconstructed picture of the current picture by adding the predicted picture of the current picture and a residual picture of the current picture.

US Pat. No. 10,164,935

PRIVATE MULTIMEDIA CONTENTS BROADCASTING EQUIPMENT WHICH USES ISM RADIO FREQUENCY BAND OR U-NII 5GHZ RADIO FREQUENCY BAND, PRIVATE MULTIMEDIA CONTENTS BROADCASTING SYSTEM AND METHOD THEREOF

Intellectual Discovery Co...

1. A device for transmitting multimedia content, the device operating with an individual wireless connection to a vehicle's Electronic Control Unit (ECU), comprising:a storing device configured to store multimedia contents;
an operation unit configured to receive a control signal from a user of the device;
a processor; and
a radio communication unit configured to establish the individual wireless connection to the vehicle's ECU and a wireless connection to a mobile network,
wherein the processor is configured to
create multimedia contents comprising navigation information in real time in accordance with the control signal, and
transmit the multimedia contents comprising navigation information to the vehicle's ECU via the individual wireless connection.

US Pat. No. 10,243,620

WIRELESS POWER TRANSMISSION APPARATUS AND METHOD THEREFOR

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A method of receiving wireless power by a wireless power receiver, the method comprising:receiving a scanning signal from a wireless power transmitter through any one of a magnetic field of a first frequency band which complies with a first wireless charging standard and a magnetic field of a second frequency band which complies with a second wireless charging standard;
in response to the scanning signal, transmitting a first response signal if the wireless power receiver complies with the first wireless charging standard or transmitting a second response signal if the wireless power receiver complies with the second wireless charging standard;
receiving from the wireless power transmitter a request signal to request for information of the wireless power receiver, wherein both the request signal and the information of the wireless power receiver are defined by the same wireless charging standard;
transmitting the information of the wireless power receiver to the wireless power transmitter, wherein the information of the wireless power receiver includes at least one of information on the same wireless charging standard, a type of power transmission mode that is supported, a power device type of the wireless power receiver, a power value for battery charge and a battery charged state; and
receiving from the wireless power transmitter at least information on the power transmission mode; and
receiving from the wireless power transmitter a wireless power generated according to the same wireless charging standard, the power transmission mode and the power device type.

US Pat. No. 10,334,258

SCALABLE VIDEO CODING METHOD AND APPARATUS USING INTER PREDICTION MODE

Intellectual Discovery Co...

1. A method of decoding a scalable video using a processor, the method comprising:deriving a first motion vector candidate for a target decoding block from at least one of neighboring blocks to the target decoding block;
deriving a second motion vector candidate for the target decoding block by using a motion vector of a corresponding block in a corresponding picture from a reference layer, depending on a difference between a resolution of the reference layer and a resolution of the current layer, the corresponding picture being representative of a reconstructed picture of the reference layer which is added to a reference picture list as a reference picture of the target decoding block;
generating a motion candidate list for the target decoding block in the current layer, the motion candidate list comprising the first motion vector candidate and the second motion vector candidate;
obtaining index information from a bitstream, the index information being signaled to specify a location or an arrangement order of a motion vector candidate to be used as the motion vector predictor among motion vector candidates within the motion candidate list;
obtaining a motion vector predictor of the target decoding block using the motion candidate list and the index information;
generating a motion vector of the target decoding block based on the motion vector predictor and a motion vector difference of the target decoding block;
generating a prediction block relating to the target decoding block by performing motion-compensation using the motion vector;
obtaining quantized coefficients relating to the target decoding block;
inverse quantizing the quantized coefficients to generate transform coefficients relating to the target decoding block;
inverse transforming the transform coefficients to generate a residual block relating to the target decoding block; and
reconstructing the target decoding block based on the residual block and the prediction block.

US Pat. No. 10,271,156

AUDIO SIGNAL PROCESSING METHOD

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. An audio signal processing method performed by an audio signal processing device, comprising:receiving a bit-stream including at least one of a channel signal and an object signal;
receiving user environment information;
decoding at least one of the channel signal and the object signal based on the received bit-stream;
generating a reproduction signal through a flexible renderer based on the user environment information and at least one of the channel signal and the object signal;
determining gain and delay in consideration of information about at least one of a speaker's position and a user's position; and
applying the gain and delay to the reproduction signal,
wherein the generating the reproduction signal generates a first reproduction signal in which the decoded channel signal and the decoded object signal are combined, using information about a user reproduction channel derived based on the user environment information,
wherein the generating the reproduction signal comprises:
selecting three (3) or fewer channel signals that are adjacent to the object signal using position information about the object signal;
multiplying the object signal by a gain value; and
combining a result of the multiplication with at least one of the selected channel,
wherein the gain value multiplied to the object signal is a VBAP (Vector Based Amplitude Panning) gain value signals when the information about the user reproduction channel derived based on the user environment information corresponds to 22.2 channels, and
wherein the gain value is calculated using sound attenuation information according to a distance, and by combining a result of the calculation with the selected channel signals.

US Pat. No. 10,368,076

METHODS AND APPARATUSES OF ENCODING/DECODING INTRA PREDICTION MODE USING CANDIDATE INTRA PREDICTION MODES

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A decoding method, comprising:determining whether a first neighboring block located at a left side of a current block or a second neighboring block located at an upper side of the current block is available for deriving an intra prediction mode of a current block;
deriving a first intra prediction mode based on the determined availability for the first neighboring block or a second intra prediction mode based on the determined availability for the second neighboring block,
wherein the first intra prediction mode is derived as DC mode when the first neighboring block is not available and is derived as an intra prediction mode of the first neighboring block when the first neighboring block is available, and
wherein the second intra prediction mode is derived as DC mode when the second neighboring block is not available and is derived as an intra prediction mode of the second neighboring block when the second neighboring block is available;
determining whether the first intra prediction mode is identical to the second intra prediction mode;
obtaining an intra prediction mode of the current block based on a plurality of candidate intra prediction modes; and
obtaining prediction samples of the current block based on the intra prediction mode of the current block,
wherein when the first intra prediction mode is not identical to the second intra prediction mode, the method comprises:
deriving a first candidate intra prediction mode from the first intra prediction mode and a second candidate intra prediction mode from the second intra prediction mode;
setting a third candidate intra prediction mode equal to a planar mode when none of the first candidate intra prediction mode and the second candidate intra prediction mode is the planar mode;
setting the third candidate intra prediction mode equal to a DC mode when one of the first candidate intra prediction mode and the second candidate intra prediction mode is the planar mode and the other is not the DC mode; and
setting the third candidate intra prediction mode equal to a vertical mode when one of the first candidate intra prediction mode and the second candidate intra prediction mode is the planar mode and the other is the DC mode, and
wherein when the first intra prediction mode is identical to the second intra prediction mode and both the first intra prediction mode and the second intra prediction mode are the planar mode or the DC mode, the method comprises:
setting the first candidate intra prediction mode equal to the planar mode;
setting the second candidate intra prediction mode equal to the DC mode; and
setting the third candidate intra prediction mode equal to the vertical mode.

US Pat. No. 9,526,108

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR MITIGATION/REMOVAL OF INTERFERENCE BETWEEN MACRO-CELL AND FEMTO-CELL

INTELLECTUAL DISCOVERY CO...

1. A femto-cell base station, comprising:
a resource allocating unit that allocates a communication resource to a femto-cell user device;
an uplink signal receiving unit that receives uplink signals which are transmitted and received between a plurality of macro-cell
user devices and a macro-cell base station from the plurality of the macro-cell user devices;

an interference indicator extracting unit that detects a high interference indicator (HII) of each of the plurality of the
macro-cell user devices from the received uplink signals;

an interference subject identifying unit that decides an interference subject user device among the plurality of the macro-cell
user devices based on the detected high interference indicators;

a channel state information extracting unit that extracts channel state information (CSI) of the interference subject user
device from the received uplink signals; and

an interference removal controller that controls the resource allocating unit to change the communication resource allocated
to the femto-cell user device based on the extracted channel state information of the interference subject user device.