US Pat. No. 9,076,442

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ENCODING A SPEECH SIGNAL

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A method of encoding a speech signal, the method comprising:
obtaining, with a speech encoding apparatus, a linear prediction filter coefficient of a current frame from an input signal
using linear prediction;

obtaining, with the speech encoding apparatus, a quantized spectrum candidate vector of the current frame corresponding to
the linear prediction filter coefficient of the current frame based on first best information;

interpolating, with the speech encoding apparatus, the quantized spectrum candidate vector of the current frame and a quantized
spectrum vector of a previous frame;

generating, with the speech encoding apparatus, weighted input signal using the quantized spectrum candidate vector; and
obtaining, with the speech encoding apparatus, adaptive codebook candidate based on the weighted input signal and second best
information,

wherein the first best information is information about a number of codebook indexes extracted in frame units,
wherein the second best information is information about a number of the adaptive codebook candidate acquired in frame units.
US Pat. No. 9,481,767

POLY(4-HYDROXYBUTYRATE)-B-MONOMETHOXY(POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL) COPOLYMER NANOPARTICLES, PRODUCTION METHOD FOR SAME AND PHARMACEUTICAL COMPOSITION FOR BRAIN DISORDER TREATMENT CONTAINING SAME AS ACTIVE INGREDIENT

INDUSTRY-ACADEMIC COOPERA...

1. A method for treating epilepsy, comprising administering to a subject in need thereof as an active ingredient, poly(4-hydroxybutyrate)-b-monomethoxy(polyethylene
glycol) copolymer nanoparticle (hereinafter, P(4HB)-b-mPEG nanoparticle), wherein surface of the nanoparticle is composed
of polyethylene glycol and core of the nanoparticle is composed of polyhydroxybutyrate.

US Pat. No. 9,642,170

METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING AND RECEIVING A SIGNAL IN A RESERVED TIME INTERVAL WITH CSMA/CA SCHEME IN A WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method for transmitting a signal by a first node in a wireless communication system, comprising:
receiving, by the first node from a second node, a connection request message requesting a connection to second reception
node;

receiving, by the first node from the second node, a data transmitted to the second reception node,
wherein the data includes first neighbor node information of a second reception node;
if the first neighbor node information does not indicate the first node as a neighbor node of the second reception node, performing,
by the first node, a connection establishment with a first reception node for a reserved transmission; and

transmitting, by the first node, data to the first reception node within a time interval reserved by the second node for transmitting
the data to the second reception node.

US Pat. No. 9,154,140

DELAY LOCKED LOOP

SK Hynix Inc., Icheon (K...

1. A delay locked loop for locking a delay between an input signal and an output signal, comprising:
a variable delay line circuit configured to delay a pulse selection circuit output to generate the output signal;
a delay model circuit configured to delay the output signal to generate a first feedback signal;
a first phase comparator circuit configured to control a delay amount of the variable delay line circuit depending on a phase
difference between the input signal and the first feedback signal;

a pulse generation circuit configured to generate a pulse signal in response to the input signal and the first feedback signal
during a tracking operation;

a pulse retainer circuit configured to delay the output signal to generate a second feedback signal during the tracking operation;
a pulse selection circuit configured to select the pulse signal generated by the pulse generation circuit or the second feedback
signal as the pulse selection circuit output during the tracking operation; and

a second phase comparator circuit configured to generate a delay control signal to control the delay amount of the variable
delay line circuit depending on a phase difference between the pulse selection circuit output and the output signal during
the tracking operation.

US Pat. No. 9,439,545

WINDOW CLEANING APPARATUS CAPABLE OF SUPPLYING POWER IN REAL-TIME FROM INNER UNIT TO OUTER UNIT

INDUSTRY-ACADEMIC COOPERA...

1. A window cleaning apparatus in which a pair of cleaning units respectively attached to both surfaces of a window by means
of a magnetic attraction clean one surface or both surfaces of the window simultaneously while moving along the surface of
the window, the apparatus comprising:
a first cleaning unit disposed on one side of a window and having at least one built-in first magnetic module comprising a
magnet; and

a second cleaning unit disposed on the other side of the window so as to be opposed to the first cleaning unit, and having
at least one built-in second magnetic module comprising a magnet having an opposite polarity to that of the first magnetic
module of the first cleaning unit so as to generate a magnetic attraction between the first magnetic module and the second
magnetic module,

wherein the second cleaning unit comprises an induction electricity generating module for generating an induced electromotive
force to produce electricity by using a change in the magnetic field generated from the first magnetic module and/or the second
magnetic module, and

wherein the induction electricity generating module comprises an induction coil installed at a fixed position.

US Pat. No. 9,280,204

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR TRACKING USER'S GAZE POINT USING MOBILE TERMINAL

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A method of tracking a gaze point of a user gazing at a display of a mobile terminal, the method comprising:
detecting the user's eye area from a camera that is mounted in the mobile terminal and selecting reference points of the eye
area;

detecting a pupil corresponding to an interest area that is obtained from the reference points;
generating a first virtual grid of the eye area using a pickup image of a gaze point of the pupil corresponding to each corner
of the display and generating a second virtual grid having same division areas as division areas of the first virtual grid
in the display; and

mapping a position of the pupil within a second virtual grid area corresponding to a position of the pupil within the first
virtual grid.

US Pat. No. 9,717,807

CT CONTRAST MEDIUM FOR DETECTING THROMBUS, COMPRISING FIBRIN-TARGETED PEPTIDE SEQUENCE-CONJUGATED GLYCOL CHITOSAN-GOLD NANOPARTICLES

Dongguk University Indust...

1. A CT contrast agent for detecting a thrombus, comprising a glycol chitosan-gold nanoparticle, to which fibrin-targeted
peptide sequences represented by Formula 1 are conjugated;

US Pat. No. 9,509,932

IMAGE SENSORS, METHODS OF OPERATING THE SAME, AND IMAGE PROCESSING SYSTEMS INCLUDING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An image sensor comprising:
a comparator comprising a first input terminal configured to receive a reset signal, a second input terminal configured to
receive an image signal, a third input terminal configured to receive a ramp signal configured to ramp in one direction, and
an output terminal; and

a switch circuit comprising a plurality of switches,
wherein the comparator is configured to compare the reset signal with the ramp signal and output a first comparison signal
through the output terminal according to a first arrangement of the switches in a reset phase and the comparator is configured
to compare the image signal with the ramp signal and output a second comparison signal through the output terminal according
to a second arrangement of the switches in an image phase, and

wherein the comparator is configured to compare the reset signal and the ramp signal and simultaneously compare the image
signal and the ramp signal according to a third arrangement of the switches in an initialization phase.

US Pat. No. 9,578,268

RAMP SIGNAL CALIBRATION APPARATUS AND METHOD AND IMAGE SENSOR INCLUDING THE RAMP SIGNAL CALIBRATION APPARATUS

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A ramp signal calibration apparatus comprising:
an analog-to-digital converter (ADC) comprising a trimmable transistor having a gain value that varies according to stored
data, the ADC configured to receive a ramp signal in a state where the gain value is set to a first gain value, and to output
a first output signal and a second output signal based on the received ramp signal;

a subtractor configured to calculate a difference between the first output signal and the second output signal;
a digital comparator configured to compare the calculated difference with a reference value and to determine whether a slope
of the ramp signal has changed based on a result of the comparing; and

a counter configured to change the stored data based on the determining of whether the slope of the ramp signal has changed;
wherein when the counter changes the stored data, the first gain value of the trimmable transistor is changed to a second
gain value according to the changed data,

wherein the trimmable transistor comprises a reference transistor, N metal oxide semiconductor (MOS) transistors, and N switches
connected in parallel, and each of the N switches is disposed on a side of each of the N MOS transistors, respectively, and
the N switches are turned on or off according to the data, and

wherein the ramp signal comprises a coarse ramp signal and a fine ramp signal, the first output signal comprises an output
of the fine ramp signal, which corresponds to a first level of the coarse ramp signal, and the second output signal comprises
an output of the fine ramp signal, which corresponds to a second level of the coarse ramp signal, and a difference between
the second level and the first level corresponds to a least significant bit (LSB) of the coarse ramp signal.

US Pat. No. 9,447,063

DISUBSTITUTED ADAMANTYL DERIVATIVE OR PHARMACEUTICALLY ACCEPTABLE SALT THEREOF, PRODUCTION METHOD FOR SAME, AND PHARMACEUTICAL COMPOSITION FOR SUPPRESSING CANCER METASTASIS COMPRISING SAME AS ACTIVE INGREDIENT

KOREA RESEARCH INSTITUTE ...

1. A disubstituted adamantyl derivative represented by formula 1 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof:

wherein
R1 is —X—(CH2)n—R3;

R2 is H; and

R3 is unsubstituted or substituted C5-C10 aryl or unsubstituted or substituted heteroaryl,

wherein the heteroaryl is 5-membered or 6-membered heteroaryl having one or more heteroatoms selected from the group consisting
of N, O, and S,

the substituted aryl or heteroaryl can be substituted with one or more halogens; C1-C6 straight or branched alkyl; hydroxy;
C1-C6 straight or branched alkoxy; nitro; nitrile; unsubstituted amine or amine substituted with one or more C1-C6 straight
or branched alkyls; C1-C6 straight or branched alkylcarbonyl or 5-membered or 6-membered heterocycloalkyl having heteroatoms
selected from the group consisting of N, O, and S;

X is NH or O, provided that when R3 is unsubstituted or substituted aryl X is O; and

n is an integer of 1-5.

US Pat. No. 9,133,040

METHOD FOR MN3O4 NANOPARTICLES BY SOLID-STATE DECOMPOSITION OF EXFOLIATED MNO2 NANOSHEET

Dongguk University Indust...

1. A method of preparing metal oxide nanoparticles, comprising:
(a) adjusting pH of an exfoliated metal oxide solution comprising manganese oxide or trimanganese tetroxide (Mn3O4);
(b) separating and drying the precipitate obtained in operation (a); and
(c) calcining the resulting product of operation (b).

US Pat. No. 9,315,507

COMPOUNDS AS HIF-1ALPHAINHIBITORS AND MANUFACTURING PROCESS THEREOF

Dongguk University Indust...

1. A compound represented by Formula I,
or pharmaceutically acceptable base or acid addition salt, hydrate or solvate thereof,
wherein,
R1 represents hydrogen, methyl, fluoro or chloro;

R2 represents hydrogen or methyl;

R3 represents,


wherein,
Rb represents hydrogen, (S)-methyl or (R)-methyl;

Rc represents hydrogen, methyl, isopropyl, tert-butoxycarbonyl(Boc), hydroxyethyl or propynyl; and

n represents 1, 2 or 3,
provided that when both R1 and R2 represent hydrogen, R3 represents:


US Pat. No. 9,525,145

SILICON-BASED COMPOUND AND ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DIODE COMPRISING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A silicon-based compound represented by Formula 1:

L1 is a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylene group or a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 heteroarylene group;

a is an integer of 1 to 5, when a is 2 or more, a plurality of L1 may be identical to or different from each other;

R1 and R2 are, each independently, a C1-C60 alkyl group substituted with at least one —F;

b and c are, each independently, an integer of 0 to 4, and b+c?1;
R3 and R4 are, each independently, selected from the group consisting of,

a hydrogen atom, a deuterium atom, a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino
group, hydrazine, hydrazone, a carboxyl group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid or a
salt thereof, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, and a C1-C60 alkoxy group;

a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, and a C1-C60 alkoxy group, each substituted with at least one of a deuterium atom, a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro
group, an amino group, an amidino group, hydrazine, hydrazone, a carboxyl group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid or a salt
thereof, and a phosphoric acid or a salt thereof;

a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C3-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, and a C2-C60 heteroaryl group; and

a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C3-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, and a C2-C60 heteroaryl group, each substituted with at least one of a deuterium atom, a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group,
a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, hydrazine, hydrazone, a carboxyl group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid
or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid or a salt thereof, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, a C1-C60 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, an anthryl group, a fluorenyl group, a dimethylfluorenyl group, a diphenylfluorenyl
group, a carbazolyl group, a phenylcarbazolyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyridazinyl
group, a triazinyl group, a quinolyl group, and an isoquinolyl group;

R10 is selected from the group consisting of,

a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, and a C2-C60 alkynyl group;

a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, and a C2-C60 alkynyl group, each substituted with at least one of a deuterium atom, a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a
nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, hydrazine, hydrazone, a carboxyl group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid or
a salt thereof, and a phosphoric acid or a salt thereof;

a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C3-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, and a C2-C60 heteroaryl group;

a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C3-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, and a C2-C60 heteroaryl group, each substituted with at least one of a deuterium atom, a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group,
a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, hydrazine, hydrazone, a carboxyl group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid
or a salt thereof, and a phosphoric acid or a salt thereof, C1-C60 alkyl group, C2-C60 alkenyl group, C2-C60 alkynyl group, C1-C60 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, an anthryl group, a fluorenyl group, a dimethylfluorenyl group, a diphenylfluorenyl
group, a carbazolyl group, a phenylcarbazolyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyridazinyl
group, a triazinyl group, a quinolyl group, and an isoquinolyl group; and

—N(Q11)(Q12), wherein Q11 and Q12 are, each independently, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C1-C60 alkoxy group, a C6-C60 aryl group, or a C2-C60 heteroaryl group; and

n is selected from an integer of 2 to 4.

US Pat. No. 9,308,507

DEVICE FOR REVAPORIZING NATURAL GAS

Dongguk University Indust...

1. A device for revaporizing natural gas, the device being configured to revaporize natural gas hydrate pellets, the device
comprising:
(i) a pellet charging portion configured to have the pellets charged therein and having an upper valve and a lower valve formed
therein so as to divide a pressure adjusting space;

(ii) a storing portion communicating with a lower portion of the pellet charging portion and configured to have the pellets
flowed therein when the lower valve is opened and have the pellets in flow therefrom when a water level of heating water is
dropped below a lower portion of the storing portion;

(iii) a transfer screw having one end thereof coupled with the lower portion of the storing portion and configured to transfer
the pellets in the storing portion;

(iv) a dissolving reaction tub coupled to the other end of the transfer screw and having the pellets flowed in from a lower
portion thereof and having heating water accommodated therein;

(v) a pressure adjusting valve configured to open and close communication between the pressure adjusting space and the storing
portion; and

(vi) a pressurized water supply portion configured to supply pressurized water to the pressure adjusting space to return high-pressure
gas in the pressure adjusting space back to the storing portion and recover the supplied pressurized water;

wherein the pressurized water supply portion comprises:
(a) an atmospheric pressure tank being in an atmospheric pressure state and configured to have the pressurized water recovered
thereto;

(b) a high-pressure tank having high-pressure gas and pressurized water stored therein and configured to supply the pressurized
water to the pressure adjusting space; and

(c) a pump configured to supply the pressurized water in the atmospheric pressure tank to the high-pressure tank.
US Pat. No. 9,329,178

TARGET SUBSTANCE DETECTION METHOD USING APTAMER

Dongguk University Indust...

1. A field effect transistor (FET) sensor-based method of detecting a small, apolar molecule using aptamers, the method comprising
the steps of:
(a) adding a sample containing a small, apolar molecule, and a second aptamer binding specifically to the small, apolar molecule,
to an FET sensor comprising a substrate, a source metal electrode and a drain metal electrode, which are formed on both sides
of the substrate, respectively, and a gate formed on the substrate so as to come into contact with the source and drain metal
electrodes, wherein a first aptamer binding specifically to the small, apolar molecule is immobilized as a probe on any one
or more of the surfaces of the source metal electrode, the gate and the drain metal electrode; and

(b) measuring a change in electric current between the source metal electrode and drain metal electrode of the FET sensor,
the change occurring when the small, apolar molecule and the second aptamer bind to the first aptamer immobilized on the FET
sensor, thereby detecting the small, apolar molecule.

US Pat. No. 9,476,083

TIME-TEMPERATURE INDICATOR, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE TIME-TEMPERATURE INDICATOR, QUALITY GUARANTEE SYSTEM USING THE TIME-TEMPERATURE INDICATOR, AND QUALITY GUARANTEE METHOD USING THE QUALITY GUARANTEE SYSTEM

Dongguk University Indust...

1. A time-temperature indicator comprising:
nanobeads comprising microorganisms that produce lactic acid using nutrients, an indicator that indicates a change in color
by means of the produced lactic acid, an immobilization material that immobilizes the microorganisms and the indicator, and
the nutrients, wherein the nanobeads contain the microorganisms;

a base comprising an adhesive layer, wherein the adhesive layer is formed by cross-linking a first polymer having a butadiene
skeleton part and a second polymer in the presence of an organic peroxide; and

a cover film having a fixed water activity (Aw) and brought into contact with the nanobeads to activate the microorganisms.

US Pat. No. 9,137,809

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR REMOVING INTER-CELL INTERFERENCE OF AN ACCESS POINT IN A WIRELESS ACCESS SYSTEM

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

7. A central node (CN) for removing inter-cell interference of an access point (AP) in a wireless access system, the CN comprising:
a radio frequency (RF) unit configured to transmit and receive a signal to and from an external unit; and
a control unit connected with the RF unit,
wherein the control unit controls the RF unit to receive feedback information from a plurality of APs every time slot, the
feedback information including channel measurement information between each AP and a user equipment (UE), which belongs to
coverage of each AP, or position information of each AP, obtain a preference for each pattern, the pattern representing an
ON or OFF operation of each AP every time slot, determine a target time rate of each pattern on a basis of the obtained preference
for each pattern, receive an instantaneous transmission rate of UEs in the coverage of each AP for each pattern from the plurality
of APs, and determine a pattern in order to minimize reference between the respective APs in accordance with the received
instantaneous transmission rate.

US Pat. No. 9,136,363

COMPOUND TUNNELING FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTOR INTEGRATED ON SILICON SUBSTRATE AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING THE SAME

Kyungpook National Univer...

1. A compound tunneling field effect transistor comprising:
a silicon substrate;
a source region formed of a first semiconductor material having a lattice constant difference with silicon 5% or less, a bandgap
at least 0.4 electron volts (eV) narrower than that of silicon and a first conductive type on the silicon substrate;

a channel region formed of a second semiconductor material having a lattice constant difference with the first semiconductor
material 2% or less, a bandgap wider than that of the first semiconductor material and electron mobility at least 5 times
higher than that of silicon on the source region;

a drain region formed of a third semiconductor material having a lattice constant difference with the second semiconductor
material 1% or less, a bandgap wider than or equal to that of the second semiconductor material and a second conductive type
opposite to the first conductive type on the channel region;

a gate dielectric layer formed on a sidewall of the channel region; and
a gate electrode formed on the gate dielectric layer, wherein a vertical channel is further included.

US Pat. No. 9,854,720

ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVE SHILEDING DIELECTRIC FILM

Industry-Academic Coopera...

1. An electromagnetic wave shielding dielectric film, comprising:
a lower layer formed of a dielectric in a plate shape; and
an upper layer formed of a dielectric stacked on the lower layer and configured to form a periodic pattern of protrusion and
depression structures,

wherein the protrusion and depression structures form groove portions in a periodic pattern on upper and lower surfaces of
the upper layer, and the groove portions on the upper and lower surfaces are spaced apart and alternately arranged at regular
intervals,

each of the groove portions on the upper surface has a groove structure in which two groove structures successively neighbor
each other, and

each of the groove portions on the lower surface has a single groove structure.

US Pat. No. 9,116,523

APPARATUS AND METHOD OF CELL-BASED PATH PLANNING FOR MOBILE BODY

Dongguk University Indust...

1. A path planning method for a mobile body having a path finding mechanism, the path finding mechanism planning a path for
the mobile body according to a method comprising:
receiving a configuration space comprising a start point and a goal point of the mobile body and position information of obstacles,
at least one of the obstacles having a plurality of vertices;

determining a search order of the obstacles located in the configuration space;
performing cell decomposition, using a processor, by repeatedly connecting a vertex of one of the obstacles to a vertex of
another obstacle according to the determined search order; and

performing cell decomposition, using a processor, by making an extended line from each of non-connected vertices in a direction
of dividing vertical angle of each of the non-connected vertices into two.

US Pat. No. 9,075,053

TARGET SUBSTANCE DETECTION METHOD USING APTAMER

Dongguk University Indust...

1. A method of detecting a small, apolar molecule using aptamers, the method comprising the steps of:
(a) adding a sample containing a small, apolar molecule, and a second aptamer binding specifically to the small, apolar molecule
and having a label attached thereto, to a first aptamer immobilized on a solid phase and binding specifically to the small,
apolar molecule, to form a mixture, and incubating the mixture; and

(b) analyzing the label to detect the small, apolar molecule.

US Pat. No. 9,052,726

METHOD OF CONTROLLING MULTI LEVEL CONVERTER

LSIS Co., Ltd., Anyang-S...

1. A method of controlling a multilevel converter, comprising:
extracting a sub-module having the maximum voltage and a sub-module having the minimum voltage respectively from among a plurality
of sub-modules;

determining an amount of state variation of each of the plurality of sub-modules;
when the amount of state variation is not determined to be 0, detecting a direction of a current flowing through the plurality
of sub-modules; and

determining a subsequent state of at least one sub-module according to at least one of the amount of state variation and current
direction.

US Pat. No. 9,148,851

METHOD AND TERMINAL FOR SEARCHING FOR AN ACCESS POINT

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A method of searching for an access point, the method comprising:
measuring a position of a terminal by the terminal;
checking the access point located near the position of the terminal obtained from a measurement result;
determining whether a distance between the terminal and the access point is greater than or equal a radius range searchable
by the terminal; and

if the distance between the terminal and the access point is less than the radius range searchable by the terminal, searching
for the access point and accessing the access point when the access point is found by the search and is accessible,

wherein a cell ID of a base station to which the terminal belongs at the time of the access is stored, and
wherein, if the distance between the terminal and the access point is greater than or equal to the radius range searchable
by the terminal, a timing point of a next position measurement is determined and a search for the access point is stopped
until the determined timing point.

US Pat. No. 9,300,303

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING SUPPLY VOLTAGE OF CLOCK AND DATA RECOVERY CIRCUIT

Dongguk University Indust...

1. An apparatus for controlling supply voltage of clock and data recovery circuit comprising:
a frequency lock detector configured to compare a frequency of a recovered clock signal with a frequency of a reference clock
signal periodically and output a digital value corresponding to the result determined as that the frequency of recovered clock
signal is higher than, lower than, or equal to the frequency of a reference clock signal;

a digital counter configured to receive the digital value from the frequency lock detector and converting to a counter value
based on the digital value;

a digital-to-analog converter configured to receive the counter value from the digital counter and generate analog reference
voltage corresponding to the counter value;

a DC-DC converter configured to receive the analog reference voltage from the digital-to-analog converter and output supply
voltage corresponding to the analog reference voltage; and

a clock and data recovery circuit configured to receive the supply voltage from the DC-DC converter and generate the recovered
clock signal and recovered digital data from a received digital input signal by using the supply voltage.

US Pat. No. 9,496,501

ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. An organic light-emitting diode, comprising:
a substrate;
a first electrode on the substrate;
a second electrode disposed opposite to the first electrode; and
an emission layer between the first electrode and the second electrode, the emission layer including an anthracene-based compound
represented by Formula 1, below, and a condensed cyclic compound represented by Formula 20, below:


wherein, in Formulae 1 and 20:
n is 0 or 1;
R1 to R6 are each independently selected from a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a 3-membered to 10-membered substituted or unsubstituted non-condensed cyclic group, and a substituted or unsubstituted
condensed cyclic group with at least two condensed rings, wherein, when n is 0, at least one of R1 to R3 is a substituted or unsubstituted condensed cyclic group with at least two condensed rings, and when n is 1, at least one
of R1 to R6 is a substituted or unsubstituted condensed cyclic group with at least two condensed rings;

L1, L2, Ar1, and Ar2 are each independently selected from a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 heterocycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 heterocycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylene group, and a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 heteroarylene group;

c and d are each independently an integer from 1 to 3;
R11, R12, R43, and R44 are each independently selected from a hydrogen atom, a deuterium atom, a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a
nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxyl group or a salt thereof, a
sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 heteroaryl group, —N(Q1)(Q2), and —Si(Q3)(Q4)(Q5), where Q1 to Q5 are each independently selected from a hydrogen atom, C1-C10 alkyl group, a C6-C20 aryl group, and a C2-C20 heteroaryl group;

a and b are each independently an integer from 1 to 4;
R41 and R42 are each independently selected from a hydrogen atom, a deuterium atom, a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a
nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxyl group or a salt thereof, a
sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylthio group, and a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 heteroaryl group;

i and j are each 0;
n1 is an integer from 1 to 5;
n2 is an integer from 1 to 3; and
Ar3 and Ar4 are each independently represented by one of Formulae 7A to 7F:


wherein, in Formulae 7A to 7F,
Z31 to Z44 are each independently selected from a hydrogen atom, a deuterium atom, a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a
nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxyl group or a salt thereof, a
sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 heteroaryl group, —N(Q51)(Q52), and —Si(Q53)(Q54)(Q55), where Q51 to Q55 are each independently selected from a hydrogen atom, a C1-C10 alkyl group, a C6-C20 aryl group, and a C2-C20 heteroaryl group;

w1 is an integer from 1 to 4; and
w2 is an integer from 1 to 5.
US Pat. No. 9,522,873

BIPHENYL DERIVATIVE, PHARMACEUTICALLY ACCEPTABLE SALT THEREOF, AND METHODS FOR PREVENTING OR TREATING INFLAMMATORY DISEASES OR AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES

Dongguk University Indust...

1. A biphenyl compound or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the biphenyl compound is selected from the group
consisting of the following compounds
4) N-[(2?-(4-methylpiperazine-1-carbonyl)biphenyl-4-yl)methyl]-N-phenylpentanamide;
5) N-[(3?-(4-methylpiperazine-1-carbonyl)biphenyl-4-yl)methyl]-N-phenylpentanamide;
6) N-[(4?-(4-methylpiperazine-1-carbonyl)biphenyl-4-yl)methyl]-N-phenylpentanamide;
7) 4?-[(N-(3-fluorophenyl)pentanamido)methyl]biphenyl-2-carboxylic acid;
8) 4?-[(N-(3-fluorophenyl)pentanamido)methyl]biphenyl-3-carboxylic acid;
9) 4?-[(N-(3-fluorophenyl)pentanamido)methyl]biphenyl-4-carboxylic acid;
10) 4?-[(N-(3-fluorophenyl)hexanamido)methyl]biphenyl-4-carboxylic acid;
11) N-(3-fluorophenyl)-N-[(4?-(morpholine-4-carbonyl)biphenyl-4-yl)methyl]pentanamide; and
12) N-(3-fluorophenyl)-N-[(4?-(4-methylpiperazine-1-carbonyl)biphenyl-4-yl)methyl]hexanamide.

US Pat. No. 9,570,687

ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. An organic light-emitting diode, comprising:
a substrate;
a first electrode on the substrate;
a second electrode disposed opposite to the first electrode; and
an emission layer between the first electrode and the second electrode, the emission layer including an anthracene-based compound
represented by Formula 1, below, and a condensed cyclic compound represented by Formula 20, below:


wherein, in Formulae 1 and 20:
n is 0 or 1;
R1 to R6 are each independently selected from a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a 3-membered to 10-membered substituted or unsubstituted non-condensed cyclic group, and a substituted or unsubstituted
condensed cyclic group with at least two condensed rings, wherein, when n is 0, at least one of R1 to R3 is a substituted or unsubstituted condensed cyclic group with at least two condensed rings, and when n is 1, at least one
of R1 to R6 is a substituted or unsubstituted condensed cyclic group with at least two condensed rings;

L1, L2, Ar1, and Ar2 are each independently selected from a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 heterocycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 heterocycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylene group, and a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 heteroarylene group;

c and d are each independently an integer from 1 to 3;
R11, R12, R43, and R44 are each independently selected from a hydrogen atom, a deuterium atom, a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a
nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxyl group or a salt thereof, a
sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 heteroaryl group, —N(Q1)(Q2), and —Si(Q3)(Q4)(Q5), where Q1 to Q5 are each independently selected from a hydrogen atom, C1-C10 alkyl group, a C6-C20 aryl group, and a C2-C20 heteroaryl group;

a and b are each independently an integer from 1 to 4;
i and j are each independently an integer from 0 to 3;
n1 and n2 are each independently an integer from 1 to 4; and
Ar3 and Ar4 are each independently represented by one of Formulae 7D, 7E, or 7F, below:


wherein, in Formulae 7D, 7E, and 7F:
Z31 to Z44 are each independently selected from a hydrogen atom, a deuterium atom, a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a
nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxyl group or a salt thereof, a
sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 heteroaryl group, —N(Q51)(Q52), and —Si(Q53)(Q54)(Q55), where Q51 to Q55 are each independently selected from a hydrogen atom, a C1-C10 alkyl group, a C6-C20 aryl group, and a C2-C20 heteroaryl group;

w1 is an integer from 1 to 4; and
w2 is an integer from 1 to 5.

US Pat. No. 9,255,234

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING NATURAL GAS HYDRATE

Dongguk University Indust...

1. A device for manufacturing natural gas hydrate, comprising:
a raw water tank configured to store raw water;
an ice slurry generation unit configured to produce ice slurry in a normal pressure condition out of the raw water which supplied
above zero degrees Celsius from the raw water tank, the ice slurry having 13-20% of ice at normal pressure;

a first pipe having one end thereof connected to the ice slurry generation unit so as to allow the ice slurry to be discharged
from the ice slurry generation unit and having a high-pressure pump interposed therein for increasing pressure on the ice
slurry;

a hydrate preparation reactor connected to the other end of the first pipe and configured to generate natural gas hydrate
slurry by having the pressurized ice slurry flowed thereinto and natural gas supplied thereto and mixed with each other;

a second pipe having one end thereof connected to the hydrate preparation reactor so as to allow the natural gas hydrate slurry
to be discharged;

a dehydrating portion connected to the other end of the second pipe and configured to dehydrate the natural gas hydrate slurry;
a raw water recovering line configured to return the water separated by the dehydrating portion to the ice slurry generation
unit for use in manufacture of the ice slurry; and

a back pressure regulator interposed in the raw water recovering line for maintaining a pressure of the dehydrating portion.

US Pat. No. 9,115,984

METHOD OF GENERATING HEIGHT INFORMATION IN CIRCUIT BOARD INSPECTION APPARATUS

KOH YOUNG TECHNOLOGY INC....

1. A method of generating height information in a circuit board inspection apparatus comprising:
capturing, by a camera, a first image corresponding to a first area of a test board and a second image corresponding to a
second area of the test board which is partially overlapped with the first area;

matching, by a central processor, the first image and the second image based on the overlapped area of the first area and
the second area;

obtaining, by the central processor, a relative positioning relationship between the first area and the second area by using
the result of matching; and

generating, by the central processor, a combined height information of a measurement object formed on a circuit board by combining
a first grid image and a second grid image based on the relative positioning relationship, wherein the measurement object
formed on the circuit board is irradiated, by a lighting source, with at least two grid patterned lights and the first grid
image and the second grid image are captured by the camera.

US Pat. No. 9,455,618

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING MULTILEVEL CONVERTER

LSIS CO., LTD., Anyang-s...

1. A method for controlling a multilevel converter, the method comprising:
detecting states (ON/OFF) and directions of current of sub-modules; and
controlling output voltage of the multilevel converter by turning-on or turning-off the sub-modules,
wherein the controlling the output voltage of the multilevel converter includes:
grouping the sub-modules into a first group including sub-modules that are in an ON state and a second group including sub-modules
that are in an OFF state, sorting the sub-modules according to their capacitor voltages; and

turning-on or turning-off the sub-modules by determining a difference between a number of sub-modules to be turned-on and
a number of sub-modules that was previously in the ON state.

US Pat. No. 9,520,568

ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE

Industry-Academic Coopera...

1. An organic light-emitting diode, comprising:
a substrate;
a first electrode on the substrate;
a second electrode facing the first electrode; and
an emission layer between the first electrode and the second electrode, the emission layer including an anthracene-based compound
represented by Formula 1, below, and a condensed ring compound represented by Formula 20, below:



wherein, in Formulae 1 and 20:
n is 0 or 1;
R1 to R6 are each independently selected from a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted non-condensed ring group in which a number of ring forming atoms is in a range
of 3 to 10, and a substituted or unsubstituted condensed ring group in which two or more rings are condensed, and when n is
0, at least one of R1 to R3 is a substituted or unsubstituted condensed ring group in which two or more rings are condensed, and when n is 1, at least
one of R1 to R6 is a substituted or unsubstituted condensed ring group in which two or more rings are condensed;

L1, L2, Ar1, and Ar2 are each independently selected from a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 heterocycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 heterocycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylene group, and a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 heteroarylene group;

c and d are each independently an integer of 1 to 3;
R11, R12, R43, and R44 are each independently selected from a hydrogen atom, a deuterium atom, a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a
nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxyl group or a salt thereof, a
sulfonic acid or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid or a salt thereof, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 heteroaryl group, —N(Q1)(Q2), and —Si(Q3)(Q4)(Q5), wherein Q1 to Q5 are each independently a hydrogen atom, a C1-C10 alkyl group, a C6-C20 aryl group, or a C2-C20 heteroaryl group;

a and b are each independently an integer of 1 to 4;
R41 and R42 are each independently selected from a hydrogen atom, a deuterium atom, a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a
nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxyl group or a salt thereof, a
sulfonic acid or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid or a salt thereof, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylthio group, and a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 heteroaryl group;

i and j are each independently an integer of 0 to 3; and
Ar3 and Ar4 are each independently represented by one of Formulae 7B, 7D, or 7F below:


in Formulae 7B, 7D, and 7F,
Z31 to Z44 are each independently selected from a hydrogen atom, a deuterium atom, a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a
nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxyl group or a salt thereof, a
sulfonic acid or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid or a salt thereof, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 heteroaryl group, —N(Q51)(Q52), and —Si(Q53)(Q54)(Q55), wherein Q51 to Q55 are each independently a hydrogen atom, a C1-C10 alkyl group, a C6-C20 aryl group, or a C2-C20 heteroaryl group, and two or more of Z31 to Z44 are bindable to each other to selectively form a saturated or unsaturated ring having 6 to 20 carton atoms;

w1 is an integer of 1 to 4; and
w2 is an integer of 1 to 5.

US Pat. No. 9,111,056

METHOD AND APPARATUS OF FLUID SIMULATION

Dongguk University Indust...

1. A fluid simulation method comprising:
setting initial conditions of level set and velocity field for a simulation object and setting FLIP particles according to
the set initial condition of the level set and the set initial condition of the velocity field;

updating the level set and the velocity field by advection of the level set and the velocity field;
reconstructing the updated level set and the updated velocity field;
redeploying the FLIP particles for the simulation object;
projecting the updated velocity field to have incompressibility; and
updating velocity of each of the deployed particles.

US Pat. No. 9,531,467

OPPORTUNISTIC DOWNLINK INTERFERENCE ALIGNMENT

INDUSTRY-ACADEMIC COOPERA...

1. A mobile station (MS) for receiving data from a serving base station (BS) using an interference alignment scheme, the MS
comprising:
an interference signal intensity calculation circuit configured to calculate an intensity of an interference signal received
from an interference BS adjacent to the serving BS;

a transmission circuit configured to send the calculated intensity of the interference signal to the serving BS; and
a reception circuit configured to receive the data from the serving BS using an interference alignment scheme when the MS
is selected as a data reception MS based on the intensity of the interference signal, wherein

the intensity of the interference signal is compared with an intensity of a second interference signal transmitted by a second
MS connected to the serving BS, and

the MS is selected as the data reception MS based on results of the comparison.

US Pat. No. 9,412,957

CASCADE-TYPE COMPOUND AND ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A cascade-type compound represented by Formula 1:

in Formula 1:
n is 0 or 1;
R1, R2, R4 and R5 are each independently a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group;

R3 is a substituted or unsubstituted condensed ring group in which at least two rings are fused to each other;

R6 is a 3- to 10-membered substituted or unsubstituted non-condensed ring group

R11 to R14 are each independently a hydrogen atom, a deuterium atom, a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group,
an amino group, an amidino group, hydrazine, hydrazone, a carboxylic group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt
thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 heteroaryl group, —N(Q1)(Q2), or —Si(Q3)(Q4)(Q5), wherein Q1 to Q5 are each independently a hydrogen atom, a C1-C10 alkyl group, a C6-C20 aryl group, or a C2-C20 heteroaryl group;

a, b and c are each independently an integer from 1 to 4; and
d is an integer from 1 to 5, provided that a compound where n is 1 and all of R3 and R6 are unsubstituted pyrenyl groups is excluded.

US Pat. No. 9,642,870

COMPOSITION FOR PREVENTING OR ALLEVIATING ATOPIC DERMATITIS COMPRISING IMMUNOSUPPRESSANT AND TRANSGLUTAMINASE 2 INHIBITOR

Dongguk University Indust...

1. A method for treating atopic dermatitis in a subject comprising administering to the subject a pharmaceutical composition
comprising an immunosuppressant and a transglutaminase 2 inhibitor as active ingredients,
wherein the immunosuppressant is cyclosporine or tacrolimus, and the transglutaminase 2 inhibitor is glucosamine,
wherein when the immunosuppressant is cyclosporine, the cyclosporine and the glucosamine are included in a weight ratio of
1:10 to 1:500, and

wherein when the immunosuppressant is tacrolimus, the tacrolimus and the glucosamine are included in a weight ratio of 1:18
to 1:1,000.

US Pat. No. 9,314,476

COMPOSITION FOR TREATING OR PREVENTING NEURODEGENERATIVE BRAIN DISEASES COMPRISING BLACK BEAN EXTRACT

Industry-Academic Coopera...

1. A method for treating neurodegenerative brain disease, comprising administering an effective amount of a composition consisting
essentially of 15-25 wt % of delphinidin-3-glucoside, 65-80 wt % of cyanidin-3-glucoside, and 5-10 wt % of petunidin-3-glucoside;
and, optionally, a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier, to a subject in need thereof.
US Pat. No. 9,072,698

METHOD FOR SCREENING ANTI-CANCER COMPOUNDS INHIBITING FUNCTION OF TM4SF5 AND ANTI-CANCER COMPOSITION CONTAINING CHALCONE COMPOUNDS

Seoul National University...

1. A method for screening an anticancer compound for liver cancer, comprising:
(a) culturing an artificially established hepatocarcinoma cell line expressing the polypeptide of SEQ ID NO: 2 from a vector,
and treating the hepatocarcinoma cells with an anticancer candidate;

(b) detecting at least one of the following in the hepatocarcinoma cells treated with the anticancer candidate: (i) phosphorylation
of a tyrosine residue at positions 577 (Tyr577) of an amino acid sequence encoding focal adhesion kinase (FAK), (ii) binding
of FAK to Rho-GTPase activating protein (RhoGAP) or FAK to GTPase regulator associated with FAK (GRAF), (iii) cytosolic p27Kip1 expression level and stability, (iv) RhoA activity, and (v) Rac1 activity; and

(c) determining whether the anticancer candidate can be an anticancer substance for liver cancer when the following events
are exhibited, compared to when treatment with the anticancer candidate is not conducted: (i) decreased phosphorylation of
FAK on Tyr577, (ii) inhibition of binding of FAK to RhoGAP or FAK to GRAF, (iii) reduced cytosolic p27Kip1 expression level and stability, (iv) increased RhoA activity, or (v) decreased Rac1 activity.

US Pat. No. 9,757,342

METHOD FOR PREPARING PROTEIN CAGE, AND IN SITU METHOD FOR PREPARING HYDROPHOBIC ADDITIVE-SUPPORTED CORE-SHELL STRUCTURED POLYMER-PROTEIN PARTICLES

Pusan National University...

1. A method for preparing a protein cage which comprises:
a 1st step of preparing an amphiphilic polymer comprising a 1st hydrophobic polymer and a 1st hydrophilic functional group;

a 2nd step of preparing a hydrophilic protein comprising a 2nd functional group binding to the 1st functional group;

a 3rd step of forming an amphiphilic polymer-protein hybrid by the binding of the 1st functional group and the 2nd functional group, and forming core-shell structured particles comprising a protein shell and an amphiphilic polymer core by
the self-assembly of the amphiphilic polymer in a hydrophilic solvent; and

a 4th step of removing some or all of the hydrophobic polymer of the core part from the core-shell structured particles.

US Pat. No. 9,234,900

METHOD FOR DIAGNOSING GLIOMA AND SCREENING FOR THE THERAPEUTICS OF GLIOMA THROUGH IDENTIFYING PROTEIN RELOCATION

AJOU UNIVERSITY INDUSTRY-...

1. A method for screening a therapeutic agent for glioma, comprising:
treating nerve cells with a candidate therapeutic agent for glioma;
comparing the GFR?4 relocation from the endoplasmic reticulum to the plasma membrane in said treated nerve cells with GFR?4
relocation from the endoplasmic reticulum to the plasma membrane in a control group that is treated with no candidate therapeutic
agent; and identifying a candidate therapeutic agent when said candidate therapeutic agent causes a relocation of GFR?4 from
the endoplasmic reticulum to the plasma membrane in said treated nerve cells as compared to said control group.

US Pat. No. 9,351,218

INTER-REGION HANDOVER METHOD IN COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

AJOU UNIVERSITY INDUSTRY-...

1. An inter-region handover method for a communication area which is divided into at least two of at least one center region,
at least one boundary region, and at least one common region in a communication system, the method comprising:
a step of monitoring whether to satisfy a region configuration condition of a currently decided region between a terminal
and at least one base station which is currently connected to the terminal;

at least one step of rescanning a region where the terminal is located and redeciding a region where the terminal is located;
and

a step of reconfiguring CoMP (Coordinated multi-point transmission and reception) connection between the terminal and base
stations in accordance with at least one of the region rescanning result and the region redecision result,

wherein the center region is a region where only one base station allocates at least one resource to each of at least one
terminal and provides a service; the boundary region is a region where a base station set including at least two base stations
allocates at least one resource to each of at least one terminal and provides a service; and the common region is a region
where a base station set, which includes at least two base stations including a base station which provides a service to at
least one center region and at least one base station which provides a service to at least one boundary region, allocates
at least one resource to each of at least one terminal and provides a service, and

wherein the currently decided region is one of the center region, the boundary region, and the common region.

US Pat. No. 9,134,287

SYSTEM FOR PROVIDING FOOD EXPIRATION DATE INFORMATION USING TTI AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING FOOD EXPIRATION DATE INFORMATION USING THE SAME

Dongguk University Indust...

1. A system for providing food shelf-life information using a time-temperature integrator (TTI), the system comprising:
an input unit in which TTI information regarding a TTI itself, food information regarding a food to which the TTI is to be
attached, and distribution history information regarding the food before the TTI is attached to the food are input in advance;

a calculation unit which receives the TTI information, the food information, and the distribution history information from
the input unit and calculates a TTI indication value corresponding to a remaining shelf-life of the food based on the received
information; and

an output unit which receives the TTI indication value from the calculation unit and designates a color corresponding to the
remaining shelf-life of the food from colors for each step that can be indicated by the TTI based on time and temperature
conditions using the received TTI indication value and displays the color,

wherein the TTI is any one selected from the group consisting of an enzymatic TTI, a diffusion-based TTI, a photochemical
TTI, a polymer-based TTI, and a microbial-based TTI,

wherein when the TTI is the diffusion-based TTI, the calculation unit calculates the TTI indication value using the following
Formula A:


in Formula A, W is a TTI indication value, k is a reaction rate constant, k0,W is a reference reaction constant (h?1), Ea,W is activation energy (kJ/mol), R is a gas constant (8.314×10?3 KJ/mol·K), Teff is a temperature parameter to the shelf-life of the food, tf is a temperature parameter to the shelf-life of the food, m is a reaction order, L0 is a brightness of the TTI when t=0 and Lt is a brightness of the TTI when the time is t,

wherein when the TTI is the photochemical TTI, the calculation unit calculates the TTI indication value using the following
Formula B:


In Formula B, W is a TTI indication value, IM is a degree of diffusion of a fluorescent material, IM? is an IM when there is no change, IE is a degree of agglomeration of the fluorescent material, IE? is an IE when there is no change, A is a constant indicating a color change rate of the fluorescent material, ? is a constant indicating
an agglomeration change rate of a chromophore, ?0 is a reference value of ?, Ea,? is activation energy (kJ/mol), and R is a gas constant (8.314×10?3 KJ/mol·K),

wherein when the TTI is the polymer-based TTI, the calculation unit calculates the TTI indication value using the following
Formula C:


in Formula C, W is a TTI indication value, k0,W is a reference reaction constant (h?1), tf is a time when the food starts to spoil, and A and ? are parameters.

US Pat. No. 9,550,947

HYDROCRACKING PROCESS OF HEAVY HYDROCARBON DISTILLATES USING SUPERCRITICAL SOLVENT

SK INNOVATION CO., LTD, ...

1. A method of converting a heavy hydrocarbon distillate into a low-boiling hydrocarbon, the method comprising the step of:
contacting a heavy hydrocarbon distillate with a supercritical xylene-containing solvent in the presence of a hydrogenation
catalyst to hydrogenate the heavy hydrocarbon distillate for converting the heavy hydrocarbon distillate into the low-boiling
hydrocarbon,

wherein the hydrogenation catalyst is a petroleum pitch-derived active carbon catalyst,
wherein the supercritical xylene-containing solvent comprises at least 25 wt % of m-xylene,
wherein the active carbon catalyst has a mesopore area of 100-400 m2/g and a mesopore volume of 0.15-0.4 cm3/g,

wherein the active carbon catalyst is an acid-treated active carbon catalyst, and
wherein the total acidity of the acid-treated carbon catalyst is 0.1 to 3 meq/g.

US Pat. No. 9,223,694

DATA STORAGE DEVICE AND OPERATING METHOD THEREOF

SK HYNIX INC., Icheon (K...

1. A data storage device comprising:
a first memory device configured to store first data having a hot property;
a second memory device comprising a first block configured to store second data having a cold property and a second block
configured to store third data transferred from the first memory device, wherein the second data and the third data are stored
in different physical blocks of the second memory device; and

a request separator configured to classify data requested from outside into the first data having the hot property or the
second data having the cold property, wherein the request separator comprises:

a first selection circuit configured to classify the requested data into the first data having the hot property or fourth
data having the cold property according to a length of the requested data; and

a second selection circuit configured to reclassify the fourth data into fifth data having the hot property or the second
data having the cold property according to a number of requests for a logical address corresponding to the requested data,
the first data including the fifth data.

US Pat. No. 9,344,689

CAMERA SYSTEM WITH MULTI-SPECTRAL FILTER ARRAY AND IMAGE PROCESSING METHOD THEREOF

INDUSTRY-ACADEMIC COOPERA...

1. A method of processing an image that is output from an image sensor comprising a multi-spectral filter array comprising
a color filter and a near infrared (NIR) filter, the method comprising:
interpolating an NIR channel of the image by using spatial information of color channels comprising a red channel, a green
channel, and a blue channel;

interpolating the color channels of the image by using spatial information of the NIR channel;
restoring colors of the interpolated color channels by using brightness information of the interpolated NIR channel; and
fusing a color image comprising the restored colors and an NIR image comprising the interpolated NIR channel.

US Pat. No. 9,747,777

RFID-INTEGRATED SELF-POWERED TTI

DONGGUK UNIVERSITY INDUST...

1. A radio frequency identification (RFID)-integrated self-powered time-temperature integrator (TTI) comprising: an RFID;
and a self-powered TTI which is attached to the exterior of a package of food to output an electric signal indicating a storage
state of the food and supplies the electric signal as an operating power of the RFID.

US Pat. No. 9,510,174

METHOD FOR EMERGENCY-MESSAGE BROADCASTING USING VEHICULAR COMMUNICATION

KYUNGPOOK NATIONAL UNIVER...

1. A method for emergency-message broadcasting by an individual vehicle using vehicular communication, comprising:
(A) receiving a beacon message from peripheral vehicle nodes during a first channel interval;
(B) making a list of channel information wherein respective vehicle nodes intends to approach among a plurality of channels
of a second channel interval in an order of distance between respective vehicle nodes and the individual vehicle; and,

(C) broadcasting the emergency-message by switching a channel according to the list order when emergency-message is generated
during the second interval,

wherein the step (B) makes a list of only channel information wherein vehicles located in back intends to approach according
to driving direction and location of the individual vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,314,520

ADJUVANT COMPOSITION CONTAINING POLY-GAMMA-GLUTAMIC ACID-CHITOSAN NANOPARTICLES

BIOLEADERS CORPORATION, ...

1. A method of increasing production of an antibody against an antigen in an animal, the method comprising:
administering a composition comprising a complex molecule to an animal,
the complex molecule comprising a negatively charged antigen, protonated chitosan, and poly-gamma glutamic acid,
wherein the negatively charged antigen and the poly-gamma glutamic acid are electrostatically bound to the protonated chitosan
to form the complex molecule,

wherein the poly-gamma glutamic acid is included in the complex molecule in an amount sufficient to make the complex molecule
negatively charged on its outer surface.

US Pat. No. 9,069,109

PLANAR 3-DOF STAGE

Ajou University Industry-...

1. A planar 3-DOF stage comprising:
a translational mechanism carrying out translational motion of 2 degrees of freedom;
a rotational mechanism carrying out rotational motion of 1 degree of freedom independent of the translational mechanism; and
a stage base equipped with the translational mechanism and the rotational mechanism, and having a stationary section formed
on an inner region thereof and an operating section formed on an outer region thereof,

wherein the translational mechanism comprises a cymbal mechanism disposed between the stationary section and the operating
section such that the cymbal mechanism is connected at one side thereof to the stationary section and at the other side thereof
to the operating section, and the rotational mechanism comprises a Scott-Russell linkage disposed on the stationary section.

US Pat. No. 9,344,818

EASILY INSTALLABLE MICROPHONE FOR IMPLANTABLE HEARING AID

Kyungpook National Univer...

1. A microphone for an implantable hearing aid, the microphone comprising:
a body part comprising a cylindrical housing installed passing through a tympanum and a microphone controller installed within
the cylindrical housing to convert an acoustic signal into an electrical signal;

an acoustic collection part that provides a passage for transmitting external sounds into the body part, the acoustic collection
part being disposed on one end of the body part in a direction of an external auditory meatus; and

a wire connection part connecting the microphone controller to the implantable hearing aid, the wire connection part being
disposed on the other end of the body part in a direction of a middle ear cavity,

wherein the acoustic collection part comprises:
at least one acoustic passage in the direction of the external auditory meatus; and
a membrane detecting the external sounds and providing the passage for transmitting the external sounds according to a motion
of the membrane and not according to a motion of the tympanum, the membrane being disposed on an end of the acoustic collection
part in the direction of the external auditory meatus to cover the at least one acoustic passage,

wherein the at least one acoustic passage is provided in a central portion of a first circular plate of the acoustic collection
part, and an acoustic collection tube having a hopper shape is installed in the acoustic passage in the direction of the external
auditory meatus.

US Pat. No. 9,132,854

FAULT TOLERANT APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR AN INDEPENDENT CONTROLLED STEERING IN A FOUR WHEEL DRIVE SYSTEM

KYUNGPOOK NATIONAL UNIVER...

1. A fault management apparatus for an independently controlled steering system in a four wheel drive system, the apparatus
comprising:
a steering system unit disposed at four wheels of a vehicle, controls steering of the wheels, and collects and transmits the
state information of the wheels; and

a control unit controls the steering system unit in accordance with the state information transmitted from the steering system
unit,

wherein the control unit includes:
a turning center coordinate calculating unit calculates turning center coordinates such that the tangential lines of all of
the wheels without a fault converge on one point and the turning radii when a fault is generated are maintained when fault
information is included in the state information transmitted from the steering system unit by the turning center coordinate
calculating unit calculating new turning center coordinates by calculating the intersection of the tangential line of the
wheel with a fault and a circle having the turning radius when a fault is generated as its radius;

a speed calculating unit calculates a speed for keeping the turning radius when a fault is generated on the basis of the turning
center coordinates calculated by the turning center coordinate calculating unit;

a steering angle calculating unit calculates the steering angles of steering systems without a fault on the basis of the turning
center coordinates calculated by the turning center coordinate calculating unit; and

a speed/steering angel control unit controls the steering angle and the speed of the vehicle by transmitting the steering
angles calculated by the steering angle calculating unit to the steering systems without a fault and transmitting the speed
calculated by the speed calculating unit to an engine control unit.

US Pat. No. 9,267,286

HOLLOW STRUCTURE, AND PREPARATION METHOD THEREOF

AJOU UNIVERSITY INDUSTRY-...

1. A hollow-core structure comprising:
a plurality of individual inner mold segments that have a hollow cylindrical shell shape;
a plurality of individual outer mold segments that have a hollow cylindrical shell shape to correspond to the plurality of
individual inner mold segments, and in which the inner mold segments are disposed to be separated; and

a filling member that is filled in a separation space between the inner mold and the outer mold, wherein
the filling member being layered and a plurality of individual filling members being coupled to each other, the filling member
further includes a plurality of non-shrink high-strength mortar layers that are filled between individual filling members,
in which stresses on contact surfaces between the individual filling members are evenly distributed, and wherein

the filling member further includes shear keys that are interposed at ends of the individual filling members to reinforce
a coupling between the individual filling members.

US Pat. No. 9,789,114

COMPOUNDS AS HIF-1? INHIBITORS AND MANUFACTURING PROCESS THEREOF

DONGGUK UNIVERSITY INDUST...

1. A method of treating colon cancer in a subject in need thereof, comprising administering an effective amount of a pharmaceutical
composition comprising a compound selected from the group consisting of:
2-(4-(Adamantan-1-yl)phenoxy)-1-(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)ethanone (“I-3”);
2-(4-(Adamantan-1-yl)-2-methylphenoxy)-1-morpholinoethanone (“I-6”);
3-(4-(Adamantan-1-yl)phenoxy)-1-(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)propan-1-one (“I-8”);
4-(2-(4-(Adamantan-1-yl)-2-methylphenoxy)acetyl)-1,1-dimethylpiperazin-1-ium iodide (“I-16”);
4-(4-(4-(Adamantan-1-yl)phenoxy)butanoyl)-1,1-dimethylpiperazin-1-ium iodide (“I-22”); and
2-(4-(Adamantan-1-yl)phenoxy)-2-methyl-1-(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)propan-1-one (“I-23”),or a pharmaceutically acceptable base or acid addition salt, hydrate, or solvate thereof.
US Pat. No. 9,232,775

GENETICALLY ENGINEERED MOUSE MODEL FOR AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER HAVING DELETION OF SHANK2 GENE AND USE THEREOF

Industry-Academic Coopera...

1. A genetically engineered mouse model for Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) whose genome comprises a deletion of a Shank2 gene
and reduced function of a N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor, wherein the deletion includes exons 6 and 7 from the Shank
2 gene, and the genetically engineered mouse model is homozygous for the deletion of the Shank2 gene and has any one or more
symptoms selected from the group consisting of reduced social interaction, impaired communication, a repetitive behavior,
and hyperactivity, which are clinical features of ASD.
US Pat. No. 9,200,058

DUAL ANTAGONIST FOR TNF-? AND IL-21 FOR PREVENTING AND TREATING AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES

Korea Research Institute ...

1. A method for the treatment of autoimmune disease comprising administering a pharmaceutically effective dose of a fusion
protein to a subject with autoimmune disease, wherein the fusion protein consists of the extracellular domain of TNFR2 (tumor
necrosis factor receptor type 2) protein fused to the extracellular domain of IL21R (interleukin-21 receptor) protein, wherein
the fusion protein consists of the amino acid sequence 7-397 of SEQ ID NO: 1.

US Pat. No. 10,128,978

RECEIVER, METHOD FOR CANCELLING INTERFERENCE THEREOF AND TRANSMITTER FOR THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method for eliminating an interference signal of a transmitter in a communications system, the method comprising:transmitting at least one first user signal to at least one receiver;
receiving user phase information of the at least one first user signal and interference phase information of the interference signal from the at least one receiver;
modulating data to at least one second user signal with Gaussian minimum shift keying (GMSK);
changing the user phase information of the at least one first user signal to be separated from the interference phase information of the interference signal by a preset phase difference for the at least one receiver to eliminate the interference signal based on the user phase information and the interference phase information; and
transmitting the at least one second user signal according to the changed user phase information to the at least one receiver,
wherein changing the user phase information comprises:
calculating a rotation value for making the preset phase difference between the user phase information and the interference phase information to be 90°; and
changing the user phase information based on the calculated rotation value.

US Pat. No. 9,208,304

METHOD FOR WEB SERVICE USER AUTHENTICATION

AJOU UNIVERSITY INDUSTRY-...

1. A method for web service user authentication, comprising:
creating, by a web server, a code including a public key of a web service and displaying the created code on a web browser
screen;

creating, by a user, a user ID and a key pair if it is confirmed that the user does not loin the web service using information
received from the code including a public key of the web service, the key pair including a public key and a secret key;

transmitting, by an authentication device, a message obtained by encoding the user ID, the public key of the key pair, a bit
string, the public key of the web service, a signature for the bit string, and a signature for the public key of the web service
using the public key of the web service to the web server;

displaying, by the web server of the web service, the code including an authentication server uniform resource locator (URL)
of the web service on the web browser screen;

when the user photographs the code on the web browser screen using the authentication device, confirming, by the authentication
device, the authentication server URL of the web service included in the code to confirm whether a user confidential is stored;

if it is determined that the user confidential is stored, generating, by the authentication device, an authentication token
including the confidential being encoded and transmitting the authentication token to the authentication server URL of the
web service included in the code; and

confirming, by an authentication server of the web service, a result obtained by decoding the received authentication token
and if it is confirmed that the message is normal and a normal user attempts a login, notifying the web server of the web
service that normal authentication is made.

US Pat. No. 9,079,867

POLYAZAMACROCYCLIC COMPOUND, AND A PRODUCTION METHOD AND A BIOMEDICAL USE THEREFOR

KYUNGPOOK NATIONAL UNIVER...

1. A polyazamacrocyclic compound represented by Chemical Formula 1 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof:

wherein
m, n, p and q are identical to or different from one another, and individually represent an integer of 2 or 3, with the proviso
that m, n, p and q are not all two,

r is an integer from 0 to 5,
t is an integer of 0 or 1,
r+t>0,
R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, R6, R7 and R8 are identical to or different from one another, and individually represent H, C1-5 alkyl or C3-6 cycloalkyl,

R10 represents H, C1-5 alkyl, C3-6 cycloalkyl, or C7-14 aralkyl,

U and W are identical to or different from one another, and individually represent H, C1-5 alkyl or C3-6 cycloalkyl,

Y and Z are identical to or different from one another, and individually represent H, C1-5 alkyl or C3-6 cycloalkyl,

A represents C6-10 aryl,

Q represents H, nitro, amino, isothiocyanato, maleimido, alkyne, aminoxy, thiol, or azide.
US Pat. No. 9,150,875

OSMPT GENE FOR MODIFYING PLANT ARCHITECTURE AND INCREASING YIELD, AND USES THEREOF

INDUSTRY-ACADEMIC COOPERA...

1. A method for modifying a tiller angle or a laminar joint angle, the method comprising:
transforming a plant with a gene encoding a polypeptide having the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1 to increase or decrease
expression of the polynucleotide within a cell, as compared to wild type expression.

US Pat. No. 9,352,018

METHODS FOR TREATING NEUROLOGICAL DISEASES COMPRISING OSMOTIN

Industry-Academic Coopera...

1. A method for reducing alcohol-induced apoptosis in hippocampal and/or cortical neurons and/or for protecting hippocampal
and/or cortical neurons from alcohol-induced cell damage the method comprising a step of administering a composition comprising
osmotin to a subject, wherein the osmotin is a wild type osmotin from Nicotiana tabacum, Citrus sinensis, Rosa roxburghii, Solanum tuberosum, Piper colubrinum, Ricinus communis, or Arabidopsis thaliana.

US Pat. No. 9,364,628

CURVATURE-ADJUSTABLE ENDOTRACHEAL TUBE

YONSEI UNIVERSITY WONJU I...

1. A curvature-adjustable endotracheal tube comprising:
a hollow cylindrical tube body configured to be inserted into a patient's airway, wherein the tube body comprises: a proximal
portion at one end thereof; and a distal portion at the other end thereof;

a first corrugated tube disposed on an outer surface of the distal portion so as to allow the distal portion to be bent by
bending of the first corrugated tube;

a second corrugated tube disposed on an outer surface of the proximal portion so as to allow the proximal portion to be bent
by bending of the second corrugated tube; and

a curvature-adjusting wire configured to allow an operator to freely adjust a curvature of the tube body to correspond to
a curvature of the patient's airway into which the tube body is inserted, wherein the curvature adjusting wire comprises:
a first joint fixed to a first side of an inner circumferential surface of the distal portion; a second joint fixed to a second
side of an inner circumferential surface of the proximal end; and a connecting portion between the first joint and the second
joint, the second side being diametrically opposite to the first side so that the connection portion is disposed slantly within
a hollow portion of the tube body,

wherein, when the proximal portion is bent by the operator, the distal portion is pulled and bent.

US Pat. No. 9,342,750

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DETECTING LINE DATA BASED ON HOUGH TRANSFORM

KYUNGPOOK NATIONAL UNIVER...

1. A method for detecting straight line information, comprising steps of:
(A) inputting an image with extracted edge;
(B) designating pixels of the image into block-wise units each comprising a predetermined number of pixels;
(C) calculating votes of representative pixels per designated block;
(D) calculating votes of rest pixels per block, using the votes of the representative pixels per block;
(E) counting accumulated frequencies per vote, using the votes calculated at steps (C) and (D); and
(F) detecting straight line information based on the accumulated frequency information that exceeds a threshold,
wherein said calculating votes of rest pixels per block calculates said votes of rest pixels per block by reducing a fraction
term using a trigonometrical function according to a relative coordinate of rest pixels with respect to the representative
pixels.

US Pat. No. 9,864,862

DATA CONCEALMENT APPARATUS AND METHOD USING AN ERROR CORRECTION CODE

DONGGUK UNIVERSITY INDUST...

1. A data concealment apparatus using an error correction code, comprising:
a data encoding unit convolution-encoding input data to be concealed on an image to generate encoding data;
a block dividing unit dividing the image into one or more image blocks to correspond to the number of bits of the encoding
data;

a concealment unit concealing the encoding data one bit by one bit with respect to one or more respective image blocks by
performing a change of a pixel value based on a predetermined pixel value change pattern according to respective bit values
constituting a bitstream of the encoding data for each of one or more image blocks,

wherein the concealment unit includes:
a group dividing unit dividing pixels included in one or more respective image blocks into a first pixel group and a second
pixel group with respect to one or more respective image blocks,

a group selecting unit selecting pixel groups to be used for data concealment between the first pixel group and the second
pixel group with respect to one or more respective image blocks based on bit values of the encoding data to be concealed in
one or more respective image blocks, and

a data concealment unit concealing the encoding data one bit by one bit with respect to one or more respective image blocks
by changing the pixels values of the pixels included in the selected pixel group with respect to one or more image blocks
according to the predetermined pixel value change pattern;

an authentication information generating unit generating authentication information including block division information associated
with a dividing method of one or more image blocks, pixel division information associated with a dividing method of the first
pixel group and the second pixel group, and information on the predetermined pixel value change pattern;

a concealed image block dividing unit dividing the image into one or more image blocks according to the block division information
included in the authentication information when the input data is concealed in the image and thereafter, a recovery command
for the input data concealed in the image is input;

a recovery pixel group dividing unit dividing pixels included in one or more respective image blocks into the first pixel
group and the second pixel group with respect to one or more respective image blocks according to the pixel division information
included in the authentication information;

an inspection group generating unit generating a first inspection group in which the pixel values of the pixels included in
the first pixel group are changed according to a pixel value recovery pattern corresponding to the predetermined pixel value
change pattern included in the authentication information and a second inspection group in which the pixel values of the pixels
included in the second pixel group are changed according to the pixel value recovery pattern, with respect to one or more
respective image blocks;

a fluctuation function value calculating unit calculating a first fluctuation function value for verifying spatial correlations
between the pixels included in the first inspection group and adjacent pixels and a second fluctuation function value for
verifying spatial correlations between the pixels included in the second inspection group and adjacent pixels, with respect
to one or more respective image blocks; and

a data recovering unit deciding soft decision data for extracting the encoding data concealed in one or more image blocks
based on a difference in size between the first fluctuation function value and the second fluctuation function value and thereafter,
recovering the input data by Viterbi-decoding based on the software decision data decided from one or more respective image
blocks, with respect to one or more respective image blocks.

US Pat. No. 9,205,389

AGITATING VESSEL USING BAFFLES AND AGITATOR HAVING IMPROVED AGITATING CAPABILITY AND INCLUDING THE SAME

INDUSTRY-ACADEMIC COOPERA...

1. An agitating vessel of an agitator mixing fluid, the agitating vessel comprising:
a body having a hollow inner space so that fluid is stored therein;
a rotating unit installed inside the hollow inner space to agitate the fluid; and
a horizontal baffle having a plate shape, one end of which is attached to and along an inner wall surface of the hollow inner
space of the body and the other end of which is a free end, wherein the plate shape of the baffle is formed in a vertical
direction to a central shaft of the rotating unit and in parallel with a bottom surface of the hollow inner space of the body
so that two rotations of the fluid are formed above and under the horizontal baffle,

wherein the baffle forms a single piece of plate and is extended and attached to the inner wall surface over a range of 90
to 270 degrees around the central shaft with no space between the baffle and the inner wall surface, when viewing an inner
side of the body from the top.

US Pat. No. 9,209,671

STATOR MODULE AND MOTOR INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A stator module comprising:
a first stator and a second stator disposed coaxially with the first stator with respect to a rotational axis, wherein each
of the first stator and the second stator is rotatable in a circumferential direction around the rotational axis and each
of the first stator and the second stator comprises a coil wound thereon; and

a rotation driving unit which controls a rotation of the first stator and a rotation of the second stator, such that the second
stator rotates through a rotational angle equal to a rotational angle through which the first stator rotates, and the second
stator rotates in a direction opposite to a direction in which the first stator rotates, thereby controlling a flux linkage
of a rotor according to the rotational angle of each of the first stator and the second stator.

US Pat. No. 9,296,626

METHOD FOR PRODUCING AN ORGANIC-INORGANIC HYBRID SORBENT BY IMPREGNATING AN OXIDE INTO NANOPORES OF ACTIVATED CARBON AND USE THEREOF IN WATER TREATMENT

Kyungpook National Univer...

1. A method of manufacturing an adsorbent comprising a porous adsorbent and ferrihydrite, goethite, hematite or magnetite
impregnated into nanopores of the porous adsorbent, the method comprising:
a) allowing a porous adsorbent to stand in a ferric solution;
b) separating the porous adsorbent from the solution;
c) washing the porous adsorbent;
d) exposing the porous adsorbent to an alkaline solution so that a precipitate is formed in the pores of the porous adsorbent;
and

e) recovering the adsorbent, and performing heat treatment, washing and drying,
thereby manufacturing the adsorbent comprising a porous adsorbent and ferrihydrite, goethite, hematite or magnetite impregnated
into nanopores of the porous adsorbent.

US Pat. No. 10,084,377

BUCK CONVERTER WITH HIGH POWER EFFICIENCY

Dongguk University Indust...

1. A buck converter comprising:an error amplifier configured to generate an output signal by amplifying a difference value between a reference voltage and an output voltage;
a comparator configured to compare the output signal with a ramp signal outputted by an oscillator and output a compared result as a high signal or a low signal;
a pulse width modulation (PWM) controller configured to generate a PWM signal by receiving a clock signal outputted by the oscillator and an output signal of the comparator; and
an enable signal generator configured to generate an enable signal whose value is high if the PWM signal is a high signal and low if the PWM signal is a low signal and transmit the enable signal to at least one of the error amplifier and the comparator,
wherein the comparator comprises a comparator power supply device configured to supply power to the comparator when the enable signal is a high signal and block the power from being supplied to the comparator when the enable signal is a low signal, and a voltage locking device configured to lock the output signal of the comparator to a low signal if the power is blocked by the enable signal, and
wherein at least one of the error amplifier and the comparator is powered only when the enable signal is high.

US Pat. No. 9,136,139

JIG, MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, AND FLIP CHIP BONDING METHOD FOR CHIPS OF ULTRASOUND PROBE USING JIG

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A method of manufacturing a jig, the method comprising:
performing first etching on a wafer to form an accommodation groove configured to accommodate a capacitive micromachined ultrasonic
transducer (cMUT) when flip chip bonding is performed; and

performing second etching on a portion of a bottom surface of the accommodation groove to form a separation groove having
a bottom surface that is spaced apart from thin films of the cMUT that face the bottom surface of the separation groove when
the cMUT is seated on portions of the bottom surface of the accommodation groove.

US Pat. No. 10,132,801

METHOD FOR SCREENING NEW DRUG CANDIDATE INHIBITING TARGET PROTEIN-PROTEIN INTERACTION FOR DEVELOPMENT OF FIRST-IN-CLASS DRUG

DONGGUK UNIVERSITY INDUST...

1. A method for high-throughput screening a substance that inhibits protein-protein interactions, the method comprising the steps of: (a) manufacturing a protein chip comprising spots, wherein the spots are made by immobilizing mixtures comprising a sol-gel material, a first protein having the ability to bind to a second protein, and a plurality of candidate substances binding to the first protein, and each of the mixtures is immobilized on a well of the chip, wherein the candidate substances are natural substances or aptamers; (b) allowing the protein chip to react with the second protein, which has the ability to bind to the first protein immobilized on the chip; and (c) measuring the binding between the first protein immobilized on the chip and the second protein by analyzing a signal appeared in the spots, and selecting a candidate substance showing reduced or no signal in the spot based on the inhibition of the binding between the first protein and the second protein, relative to signal in the spot of the binding between the first protein and the second protein when the candidate substance is not present.

US Pat. No. 9,907,537

PULLBACK SYSTEM

DONGGUK UNIVERSITY INDUST...

1. A pullback system comprising:
a central unit, which includes an ultrasonic transducer that rotates around an axis parallel to a longitudinal direction,
and a stretchable part that is connected to a side of the ultrasonic transducer to rotate together with the ultrasonic transducer,
the stretchable part having a stretchable property;

a first unit coupled to the stretchable part and configured to move in a first direction oriented from the ultrasonic transducer
to the stretchable part along the axis to apply a compressive force to the stretchable part and in a second direction opposite
to the first direction to apply a tensile force to the stretchable part;

a second unit spaced a predetermined distance from the first unit in the first direction, wherein the second unit is rotatably
coupled to the stretchable part;

a screw unit coupled to the first unit; and
a nut unit screwed to the screw unit,
wherein when the first unit moves in the first direction relative to the second unit, the stretchable part contracts, and
the ultrasonic transducer connected to the stretchable part moves in the first direction while rotating,

wherein when the first unit moves in the second direction relative to the second unit, the stretchable part stretches and
the ultrasonic transducer connected to the stretchable part moves in the second direction while rotating,

wherein the ultrasonic transducer transmits and receives an ultrasonic signal and converts the ultrasonic signal and an electrical
signal into each other, and

wherein the first unit is moved in the first or second direction according to a rotation of the nut unit relative to the screw
unit.

US Pat. No. 9,826,636

TRANSPARENT ELECTRODE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

INDUSTRY-ACADEMIC COOPERA...

1. A transparent electrode, comprising:
a conductive layer; and
a transparent substrate,
wherein the conductive layer comprises:
conductive nanowires forming networks, and
nanoparticles binding the conductive nanowires to one another,
wherein the conductive nanowires are silver (Ag) nanowires and the nanoparticles are porous nanoparticles attached to junctions
of the networks and bonding the Ag nanowires to one another, and

wherein the conductive layer is formed as a composite mesh including the silver (Ag) nanowires and the porous nanoparticles
and embedded in the transparent substrate.

US Pat. No. 9,313,753

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING HAND-OVER MESSAGE TRANSMISSION POWER IN A MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method for controlling handover message transmission power of a mobile station in a mobile communication system, the
method comprising the steps of:
acquiring uplink information on a handover target base station;
determining a maximum transmission power of a handover ranging message using the uplink information; and
transmitting the handover target base station a handover ranging message having a power level below the determined maximum
transmission power,

wherein the uplink information on the handover target base station is generated based on information on a power for handover
ranging message that the handover target base station receives from at least one of mobile stations, and
wherein the maximum transmission power of the handover ranging message is determined based on any one of Equation 4 and Equation
5 below:
PTX_HR_MAX=EIRxPHR,max,min,average?MS_EIRP?RSSBS  (4)

wherein the ‘PTX_HR_MAX’ represents the maximum transmission power of the handover ranging message, the ‘EIRxPHR,max,min,average’ represents an average value, maximum value, or minimum value of equivalent isotropic received power for the handover ranging
message, the ‘MS_EIRP’ represents equivalent isotropic radiated power of mobile station, and the ‘RSSBS’ represents a Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI) measured in the target base station, and

PTX_HR_MAX=EIRxPHR,max,min,average?MS_EIRP?10 log(RSSBS/10?Pinterference?Pnoise)  (5)

wherein the ‘PTX_HR_MAX’ represents the maximum transmission power of the handover ranging message, the ‘EIRxPHR,max,min,average’ represents an average value, maximum value, or minimum value of equivalent isotropic received power for the handover ranging
message, the ‘MS_EIRP’ represents equivalent isotropic radiated power of a mobile station, the ‘RSSBS’ represents a Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI) measured in the target base station, and the ‘Pinterference’ and the ‘Pnoise’ represent interference power of a linear unit for uplink measured in the target base station and noise power.

US Pat. No. 10,167,465

METHOD OF DIFFERENTIATING ADULT STEM CELLS INTO NERVE CELLS BY USING HIGH-INTENSITY ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD

DONGGUK UNIVERSITY INDUST...

1. A method of differentiating mesenchymal stem cells or adult stem cells into nerve cells, comprising:treating the mesenchymal stem cells or the adult stem cells under culturing in DMEM medium with an electromagnetic field having a high intensity of 100 to 1,500 mT and a frequency of 1 to 100 Hz for 5 to 30 min/day over 3 to 15 days wherein said mesenchymal stem cells or adult stem cells differentiate into nerve cells.
US Pat. No. 9,896,662

PROCESS FOR ENHANCING STEM CELL BIOACTIVITY USING TAUROURSODEOXYCHOLIC ACID

Pusan National University...

1. A process for promoting migration, inducing differentiation, or inhibiting senescence of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs),
the process comprising:
treating endothelial progenitor cells isolated from a living body with tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA) or a pharmaceutically
acceptable salt thereof.

US Pat. No. 9,829,634

BUNDLED OPTICAL FIBER PROBE

Kyungpook National Univer...

1. A bundled optical fiber probe comprising:
a forward irradiator including a forward irradiation optical fiber disposed at the center of the bundled optical fiber probe,
an end of the forward irradiation optical fiber being provided as a flat surface; and

a side irradiator including a side irradiation optical fiber disposed at the periphery of the forward irradiator, an inclined
surface being formed at an end of the side irradiation optical fiber to laterally reflect a laser beam,

wherein the forward irradiator and the side irradiator are formed as a single bundle,
the side irradiation optical fiber is provided as a plurality of side irradiation optical fibers, and the inclined surface
is formed at the end of each of the side irradiation optical fibers, wherein the plurality of side irradiation optical fibers
are radially disposed to be separate from each other along the periphery of the forward irradiation optical fiber and respective
ends of the side irradiation optical fibers are disposed on the same plane or different planes, and

the laser beam is transferred straight to an inspection target in the same direction as the incident direction at the end
of the forward irradiation optical fiber, while laser beams are reflected laterally by the inclined surface at the ends of
the side irradiation optical fibers to irradiate in an outer lateral radial form on the same plane or different planes, and
thus laser beams are three-dimensionally irradiated in directions corresponding to the number of forward irradiation optical
fiber and side irradiation optical fibers.

US Pat. No. 9,353,120

TETRAAZA MACROCYCLIC COMPOUND, PREPARATION METHOD THEREOF AND USE THEREOF

Kyungpook National Univer...

1. A tetraaza macrocyclic compound represented by Chemical Formula 1 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof:

US Pat. No. 9,327,682

SAFETY BELT SYSTEM FOR VEHICLE SEATS

KYUNGPOOK NATIONAL UNIVER...

1. A safety belt system for vehicle seats, comprising:
a vehicle seat part which includes a seat portion, and a backrest;
a safety belt which includes a shoulder belt, and a waist belt, and restricts a body of an occupant;
a headrest which is connected with the backrest by a rotation shaft, and protects a face or neck region of the occupant from
the shoulder belt using a cushion,

wherein the headrest forms with the cushion that both sides of the headrest forms a convex shape relative to the center of
the headrest;

a sensor which senses impact of the vehicle;
a rotation locking unit which prevents the headrest from being rotated when the sensor senses an accident signal that is equal
to or greater than a predetermined output; and

a switch button which is electrically connected with the rotation locking unit, and by which the rotation of the headrest
is locked or released in accordance with selection of the occupant.

US Pat. No. 9,135,679

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR COLOR RESTORATION

INDUSTRY-ACADEMIC COOPERA...

1. A color restoration method comprising:
separating multiple band information of a near infrared (NIR) channel from information of an input image by using variables
indicating a correlation between a color channel and the NIR channel in the input image;

obtaining estimated invisible light band information of the NIR channel from the multiple band information of the NIR channel
and estimated multiple band information of the NIR channel which is estimated from the color channel;

estimating invisible light band information of the color channel based on the estimated invisible light band information of
the NIR channel; and

restoring a visible light band image of the color channel by removing the estimated invisible light band information of the
color channel from multiple band information of the color channel included in the information of the input image.

US Pat. No. 9,060,498

PTERYGIUM ANIMAL MODEL USING HUMAN PTERYGIAL EPITHELIAL CELLS

INJE UNIVERSITY INDUSTRY-...

1. A pterygium animal model obtained by injecting pterygial epithelial cells into a nasal subconjunctival space of athymic
nude mice.

US Pat. No. 10,179,884

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING NATURAL GAS HYDRATE

Samsung Heavy Ind. Co., L...

1. A method for manufacturing natural gas hydrate, comprising:producing an ice slurry having 13-20% ice at normal pressure from water at a temperature above freezing point supplied from a raw water tank having the raw water stored therein and storing the ice slurry in an ice slurry generation unit;
pressurizing the ice slurry discharged from the ice slurry generation unit with a high-pressure pump and injecting the pressurized ice slurry into a hydrate preparation reactor through a first pipe, and injecting natural gas into the hydrate preparation reactor;
generating natural gas hydrate slurry by mixing the ice slurry and the natural gas in the hydrate preparation reactor;
supplying the natural gas hydrate slurry prepared by the hydrate preparation reactor to a dehydrating portion through a second pipe; and
separating the natural gas hydrate slurry into natural gas hydrate powder and water in the dehydrating portion,
wherein the water separated by the dehydrating portion is returned to the ice slurry generation unit through a raw water recovering line for use in manufacture of the ice slurry, and
wherein the raw water recovering line has a back pressure regulator interposed therein for maintaining a pressure of the dehydrating portion.

US Pat. No. 9,423,603

STEREO MICROSCOPE

KOH YOUNG TECHNOLOGY INC....

1. A stereo microscope comprising:
a pair of zoom units disposed on a focusing lens, the pair of zoom units having a left zoom unit and a right zoom unit, the
pair of zoom units configured such that a spacing distance between the left zoom unit and the right zoom unit are adjusted
to adjust a three dimensional effect;

a pair of first prisms disposed on the zoom units, the pair of first prisms having a left first prism and a right first prism,
which are on the left zoom unit and the right zoom unit, respectively, configured such that the left first prism and the right
first prism move in accordance with the left zoom unit and the right zoom unit, respectively;

a pair of second prisms receiving a beam from the pair of first prisms to change a direction of the beam, the pair of second
prisms having a left second prism corresponding to the left first prism and a right second prism corresponding to the right
first prism; and

a third prism receiving the beam from the pair of second prisms to change a direction of the beam, a spacing distance between
the third prism and each of the pair of second primes being adjusted by compensating amount of changed beam path length between
the pair of first prisms and the pair of second prisms when the each of the left first prism and the right first prism moves
in accordance with the left zoom unit and the right zoom unit so as to maintain the beam path constantly.

US Pat. No. 9,997,709

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING TRANSISTOR ACCORDING TO SELECTIVE PRINTING OF DOPANT

DONGGUK UNIVERSITY INDUST...

1. A method for manufacturing a transistor according to selective printing of a dopant, the method comprising:forming a semiconductor layer on a substrate for manufacture of a transistor; and
forming a dopant layer on the semiconductor layer,
wherein the formation of the dopant layer includes selectively printing an n type dopant or a p type dopant by inkjet printing,
wherein a solvent containing the dopant dissolves a predetermined portion of the semiconductor layer and the dopant becomes a part of the semiconductor layer,
wherein the n type dopant comprises at least one selected from the group consisting of bis(ethylenedithio)-tetrathiafulvalence (BERT-TTF), tetrathianaphthacene (TTN), bis(cyclopentadienyl)-cobalt(II) (CoCp2), chromium with the anion of 1,3,4,6,7,8-hexahydro-2H-pyrimidof1,2-alpyrimidine (hpp) (Cr7(hpp)4), tungsten with the anion of 1,3,4,6,7,8-hexahydro-2H-pyrimidol1,2-alpyrimidine (hpp) (W2(hpp)4), pyronin B chloride, acridine orange base [3,6-bis(dimethylamino)acridine (AOB)], leuco bases like leuco crystal violet (LCV), (4-(1,3-dimethyl-2,3-dihydro-1H-benzoimidazol-2yl)phenyl)dimethylamine (nDMBI), and 2-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1,3-dimethyl-1H-benzoimidazol-3-ium iodide (o-MeO-DMBI-I),
wherein the p type dopant comprises at least one selected from the group consisting of 3,6-difluoro-2,5,7,7,8,8-hexacvanoquinodimethane (F2-HCNQ), molybdenum trioxide (MoO3) and tungsten trioxide (WO3),
wherein the n type dopant or the p type dopant is dissolved in the solvent and used in inkjet printing,
wherein the solvent comprises any one selected from the group consisting of chlorobenzene, chloroform, trichlorobenzene, tetrahydrofuran, dichlorobenzene, and dichloroethane, and
wherein the amount of the dopant contained in a portion of the semiconductor layer containing the dopant is 0.5 wt. % to 1.0 wt. %.

US Pat. No. 9,781,838

GAS SENSOR AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Industry-Academic Coopera...

1. A method of manufacturing a gas sensor, comprising:
forming a transition metal chalcogenide layer on a substrate; and
forming an electrode on the transition metal chalcogenide layer,
wherein the transition metal chalcogenide layer comprises a gas sensing region of the gas sensor,
wherein the forming of the transition metal chalcogenide layer comprises:
forming a transition metal oxide layer on the substrate using an atomic layer deposition process; and
chalcogenizing the transition metal oxide layer,
wherein the chalcogenizing of the transition metal oxide layer comprises:
heating the transition metal oxide layer while supplying hydrogen sulfide on the transition metal oxide layer,
wherein the heating of the transition metal oxide layer comprises:
performing a first thermal treatment at a first temperature, while supplying hydrogen on the substrate; and
performing a second thermal treatment at a second temperature higher than the first temperature, while supplying the hydrogen
sulfide on the substrate.

US Pat. No. 9,319,602

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PROCESSING IMAGE

INDUSTRY-ACADEMIC COOPERA...

1. A method of processing an image, the method comprising:
offsetting aliasing by analyzing frequency characteristics of at least one color channel and a near-infrared (NIR) channel,
of a multi-spectral filter array (MSFA) pattern image;

generating a high resolution base image by amplifying resolutions of the at least one color channel and the NIR channel, from
which the aliasing is removed, up to a resolution of a base image using a windowed-sinc function; and

offsetting an artifact from the high resolution base image by weighting and combining the high resolution base image and a
blur image obtained by blurring the high resolution base image, based on a pixel difference value between the blur image and
the high resolution base image,

wherein a cutoff frequency wc of the windowed-sinc function is set based on a tanh function using a local variance of the MSFA pattern image as a variable.

US Pat. No. 10,059,721

SUBSTITUTED THIENO[3,2-B]PYRAZINES FOR INHIBITING CANCER CELL PROLIFERATION AND INDUCING CANCER CELL APOPTOSIS

DONGGUK UNIVERSITY INDUST...

8. A pharmaceutical composition comprising as an active ingredient the compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier or excipient.

US Pat. No. 9,061,078

TETRAAZA MACROCYCLIC COMPOUND, PREPARATION METHOD THEREOF AND USE THEREOF

Kyungpook National Univer...

1. A tetraaza macrocyclic compound represented by Chemical Formula 1 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof:

wherein
each R is independently H, alcohol, amino, amido, nitro, ester, halogen, ketone, cyano, carboxy, hydroxy, thiol, aldehyde,
or substituted or unsubstituted C1˜10 alkyl, wherein the substitution is by one or more moiety(ies) selected from a group consisting of amino, amido, nitro, ester,
halogen, ketone, cyano, carboxy, hydroxy, thiol and aldehyde;

each R1 is independently one of the functional groups represented by Chemical Formula a:


wherein R of the Chemical Formula a is independently NH2, COOH, N3, CHO, NCO, SH or C2˜6 alkyne; each X of the Chemical Formula a is independently Cl or Br; and each n of the Chemical Formula a is independently
an integer from 0 to 5;

each X1 is independently H, —(CR2)l—COOH, —CR2—((CR2)m—COOH)2, —(CR2)1—CO2R3, —(CR2)l—ArOR3, —(CR2)l—SR3, —(CR2)l—SO3H, —(CR2)1—PO2HR3, —(CR2)mN(CR2)2 or —(CR2)mCON(CR2)2, wherein each of R2 and R3 is independently H, substituted or unsubstituted C1˜10 alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C4˜10 aryl, substituted or unsubstituted C1˜10 heteroalkyl, or substituted or unsubstituted C4˜10 heteroaryl, Ar is substituted or unsubstituted phenyl, wherein the substitution is by one or more moiety(ies) selected from
a group consisting of imide, aldehyde, carboxy, ketone, nitro, amino, thiol, succinimide, maleimide, aminooxyl, N3, acetylene, acetamino, azide, phosphate, alkyne, and NCS, each 1 is independently an integer from 1 to 3, and each m is independently
an integer from 1 to 5, with the proviso that at least one X1 is not H;

each L is independently a linker or nonexistent, and R1 is directly bound to a carbon atom when L is nonexistent;

each of a and a? is independently an integer 2 or 3, with the proviso that R1 is not H if both a and a? are 2; and

each n is independently an integer from 0 to 2 satisfying the valence of the carbon atom to which R or L-R1 is covalently bonded.

US Pat. No. 9,121,042

ENZYME USED IN BIOSYNTHESIS OF 1, 4-BDO AND SCREENING METHOD OF THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An isolated polypeptide comprising a variant of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1, wherein the variant comprises
at least one amino acid substitution selected from the group consisting of Asn409, Arg361, Ala467, Met371, Ala176, Leu273
and Lys279 in the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1, wherein the polypeptide variant catalyzes the conversion of 4-hydroxybutyryl
CoA to 4-hydroxybutyraldehyde.
US Pat. No. 9,834,794

METHOD FOR PRODUCING RETINOID FROM MICROORGANISM

INDUSTRY-ACADEMIC COOPERA...

1. A method for production of retinoid from a microorganism, comprising:
culturing a microorganism having retinoid producing efficacy through 2-C-methyl-d-erythritol 4-phosphate (MEP) pathway or
mevalonate (MVA) pathway in a medium containing a lipophilic substance; and

isolating said retinoid from said lipophilic substance without degrading a cell wall of said microorganism.

US Pat. No. 9,823,229

HYDROGEN SENSOR AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A hydrogen sensor, comprising:
a substrate;
a metal oxide layer formed over the substrate;
a catalytic pattern formed over the metal oxide layer;
a protective layer formed over the metal oxide layer and the catalytic pattern;
a second recess formed over an upper surface of the metal oxide layer; and
wherein the catalytic pattern is disposed within the second recess.

US Pat. No. 9,736,865

RANDOM ACCESS METHOD AND APPARATUS IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

AJOU UNIVERSITY INDUSTRY-...

1. A method of performing random access by a User Equipment (UE) in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:
generating at least two random access signals having their own transmission priorities; and
transmitting, to at least one target communication node, the at least two random access signals based on their own transmission
priorities for completing a first-trial random access transmission,

wherein the generating the at least two random access signals having their own transmission priorities comprises:
setting a transmission priority for each of the at least two random access signals based on random access conditions; and
determining at least one random access parameter in each of the at least two random access signals, according to the set transmission
priority,

wherein the random access parameter includes at least one of a radio access technology (RAT) for each signal, a target communication
node for each signal, a channel for each signal, a channel group for each signal, a power for each signal, a transmission
order for each signal, a modulation parameter for each signal, a coding parameter for each signal, a length for each signal,
a bandwidth for each signal, a processing gain for each signal, and information included in each signal,

wherein the channel for each signal includes at least one of frequency channel, time channel, code channel, and antenna,
wherein the random access condition includes at least one of a radio access technology (RAT) preference, a service charge,
a neighbor list ranking, a channel condition, a service condition, an access condition, a type of a target communication node
for random access, a bandwidth for use in random access, a distance between a user equipment (UE) and a target communication
node for random access, the loading factor of a target communication node for random access, information on collided channels,
and a collision probability,

wherein the channel condition includes at least one of a quality factor related to channel characteristics and a quality factor
related to space characteristics, and

wherein the transmission priority of at least one random access signal of the at least two random access signals is different
from the transmission priority of the rest of the at least two random access signals.

US Pat. No. 9,158,161

PATTERN GENERATOR USING LIQUID CRYSTAL AND METHOD THEREOF

KYUNGPOOK NATIONAL UNIVER...

1. A dynamic fringe pattern generating apparatus comprising:
a liquid crystal layer configured to include a first area where liquid crystal is aligned in a first mode and a second area
where liquid crystal is aligned in a second mode;

a lower layer disposed on a first plane of the liquid crystal layer; and
an upper layer disposed on a second plane facing the first plane of the liquid crystal layer,
wherein the lower layer is configured to include:
a lower alignment layer which is disposed to be in contact with first plane of the liquid crystal layer and is aligned in
a first direction; and

a lower transparent electrode layer which is disposed so that the one surface is in contact with the lower alignment layer,
wherein the upper layer is configured to include:
a transparent substrate constructed with an insulating material;
an upper alignment layer which is disposed to be in contact with a second plane of the liquid crystal layer and is aligned
so that regions corresponding to first and second areas of the liquid crystal layer are aligned in different alignment directions;

an upper transparent electrode layer which is disposed between the first plane of the transparent substrate and the upper
alignment layer and is configured to a single reference electrode formed at a position corresponding to the first area and
a plurality of selection electrodes formed at positions corresponding to the second area; and

a slit array layer which is disposed on the second plane facing the first plane of the transparent substrate constructed with
a non-transparent material and is configured to include a slit array including a common slit and a plurality of selection
slits,

wherein the common slit of the slit array is disposed above the first area of the liquid crystal layer, and the selection
slits are disposed above the second area of the liquid crystal layer, and

wherein the reference electrode and a plurality of the selection electrodes are disposed at positions corresponding to the
common slit and the selection slits.

US Pat. No. 9,139,914

THREE-DIMENSIONAL COPPER NANOSTRUCTURE AND FABRICATION METHOD THEREOF

Ajou University Industry-...

1. A method of fabricating a three-dimensional copper nano structure, comprising:
manufacturing a specimen configured to include a SiO2 mask;

performing multi-directional slanted plasma etching to form a three-dimensional etching structure layer on the specimen;
performing plating so that a multi-directional slanted plasma etched portion of the specimen is filled with a metal to form
a metal layer;

removing an over-plated portion and the SiO2 mask from the metal layer; and

removing a portion of a surface of the specimen other than the metal which is the three-dimensional etching structure layer.

US Pat. No. 10,179,764

COMPOUND HAVING BLT INHIBITORY ACTIVITY AND COMPOSITION, FOR PREVENTING OR TREATING INFLAMMATORY DISEASES, COMPRISING SAME AS ACTIVE INGREDIENT

DONGGUK UNIVERSITY INDUST...

1. A compound represented by Formula 1 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof:
wherein,
R1 is C1 to C10 alkyl;

R2 is
wherein,
Ra is
or hydroxy;Rb is

Rc is

Rd is hydrogen or
andRe is
andR3 is hydrogen or fluorine.

US Pat. No. 9,576,366

TRACKING SYSTEM AND TRACKING METHOD USING THE SAME

KOH YOUNG TECHNOLOGY INC....

1. A tracking system comprising:
at least three markers attached on a target and emitting lights or reflecting lights emitted from at least one light source;
a reflector reflecting the lights which are emitted from the markers or the lights reflected by the markers;
an image forming unit which forms a direct image by directly receiving lights emitted from the markers and, at the same time,
forms a reflection image by receiving lights reflected from the reflector after being emitted from the markers; and

a processor which calculates three-dimensional coordinates of the markers using the direct image and the reflection image
formed on the image forming unit, and calculates a spatial position and direction of the target by comparing the three-dimensional
coordinates of the markers with a pre-stored geometric information between the markers adjacent to each other.

US Pat. No. 9,049,654

OFDM-BASED MULTIPLE ACCESS METHOD AND COMMUNICATION DEVICE CONTROLLING THE SAME

AJOU UNIVERSITY INDUSTRY-...

1. An OFDM-based multiple access method comprising:
transmitting a predetermined synchronization control signal to many and unspecified terminals, and receiving a test message
from the terminals in response to the synchronization control signal;

classifying the terminals that receive the test message in a first unit time from a predetermined reference time after the
transmission of the synchronization control signal into a first group, and classifying the terminals that receive the test
message in a certain n-th unit time from the reference time into an n-th group;

allocating use permission time of sub-channels to the groups; and
the terminals transmitting/receiving data through partial occupation of the sub-channels and symbols at a time allocated to
the corresponding groups,

wherein the unit time is determined as one of times that are equal to or shorter than cyclic prefix.

US Pat. No. 9,627,627

PHOSPHINE OXIDE-BASED COMPOUND AND ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A phosphine oxide-based compound represented by Formula 1 below:

wherein Ar1 to Ar3 are each independently deuterium, a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino
group, hydrazine, hydrazone, a carboxyl group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid
group or a salt thereof, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylthio group, or an N-containing electron withdrawing group;

a, b and c are each independently an integer from 0 to 5;
the sum of a, b, and c must be greater than or equal to 1; and
at least one of a number of Ar1s, b number of Ar2s, and c number of Ar3s is an N-containing electron withdrawing group,

wherein the N-containing electron withdrawing group is selected from among:
a substituted or unsubstituted pyrrolyl group,
a substituted or unsubstituted pyrazolyl group,
an unsubstituted imidazolyl group,
a substituted or unsubstituted imidazolinyl group,
a substituted or unsubstituted imidazopyridinyl group,
a substituted or unsubstituted imidazopyrimidinyl group,
a substituted or unsubstituted pyrazinyl group,
an unsubstituted pyrimidinyl group,
a substituted benzoimidazolyl group,
a substituted or unsubstituted indolyl group,
a substituted or unsubstituted purinyl group,
a substituted or unsubstituted quinolinyl group,
a substituted or unsubstituted isoquinolyl group,
a substituted or unsubstituted phthalazinyl group,
a substituted or unsubstituted indolizinyl group,
a substituted or unsubstituted naphthyridinyl group,
a substituted or unsubstituted quinazolinyl group,
a substituted or unsubstituted cinnolinyl group,
a substituted or unsubstituted indazolyl group,
a substituted or unsubstituted isothiazolyl group,
a substituted or unsubstituted isoxazolyl group,
a substituted or unsubstituted triazinyl group,
a substituted or unsubstituted oxadiazolyl group,
a substituted or unsubstituted pyridazinyl group,
a substituted or unsubstituted triazolyl group,
a substituted or unsubstituted tetrazolyl group,
a substituted or unsubstituted benzothiazolyl group, and
a substituted or unsubstituted benzoxazolyl group.

US Pat. No. 9,831,557

BROADBAND CIRCULARLY POLARIZED ANTENNA USING METASURFACE

AJOU UNIVERSITY INDUSTRY-...

1. A broadband circularly polarized antenna using a metasurface, the antenna comprising:
a lower substrate;
an upper substrate stacked on the lower substrate;
a radiator located between the lower substrate and the upper substrate, having a rectangular patch shape in which two triangular
removed parts are formed by removing opposite corners in a triangular shape, and including an extended strip configured to
extend so as to have a predetermined width and length from one end of a hypotenuse of one triangular removed part of the triangular
removed parts and having a feed hole formed therein; and

the metasurface formed on an upper surface of the upper substrate and including a plurality of unit cells.

US Pat. No. 9,493,345

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SLANTED COPPER NANORODS

Ajou University Industry-...

1. A method for fabricating slanted copper nanorods, the method comprising:
manufacturing a workpiece configured to include an etch stop layer on a wafer;
placing the workpiece in a slanted position, and etching the slanted workpiece;
forming a copper (Cu) layer on the slanted workpiece by plating;
removing an over-plated portion from the copper layer; and
removing a polysilicon (poly Si) excluding copper from the surface of the workpiece.

US Pat. No. 9,083,219

ROTOR AND MOTOR

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A rotor comprising:
a rotor core with a hole coupled to a shaft disposed at a center of the rotor; and
first modules and second modules alternately disposed next to each other with a gap of a constant width in the rotor core,
each module comprising:

a pair of first permanent magnets spaced apart from each other;
a first connection part which connects ends of the first permanent magnets to each other;
a pair of second permanent magnets spaced apart from the first permanent magnets; and
a second connection part which connects the ends of the second permanent magnets to each other,
wherein the first permanent magnets of the first modules have an N pole on their sides facing the gap, while the first permanent
magnets of the second modules have an S pole on their sides facing the gap, and

wherein the pair of second permanent magnets are magnetized with the same poles as the first permanent magnets.

US Pat. No. 9,468,641

ANTI-INFLAMMATORY PHARMACEUTICAL COMPOSITION COMPRISING BENZOPYRANYL TETRACYCLES

KYUNGPOOK NATIONAL UNIVER...

1. A method of treating inflammation, comprising: administering to a subject in need of treatment of inflammation a therapeutically
effective amount of an anti-inflammatory pharmaceutical composition, wherein the anti-inflammatory pharmaceutical composition
comprises a compound represented by the following Chemical Formula 1 as an active ingredient:
wherein,
n of (R1)n is an integer of 1 to 4, with the proviso that when n is 2 or greater, R1, which is identical or different, each is independently a hydrogen atom; hydroxy; halogen; C1˜C6 linear or branched alkyl;
C3˜C10 cycloalkyl; C1˜C6 linear or branched alkoxy; C2˜C20 heterocycloalkyl containing N, O or S as a heteroatom; phenyl,
unsubstituted or substituted with at least one selected from the group consisting of a halogen atom, amino, nitryl, nitro,
C1˜C30 alkyl, C2˜C30 alkenyl, C1˜C30 alkoxy, C3˜C30 cycloalkyl, C3˜C30 heterocycloalkyl containing N, O or S as a heteroatom,
C6-C30 aryl, and C5-C30 heteroaryl containing N, O or S as a heteroatom; benzyl, unsubstituted or substituted with at least
one selected from the group consisting of a halogen atom, amino, nitryl, nitro, C1˜C30 alkyl, C2˜C30 alkenyl, C1˜C30 alkoxy,
C3˜C30 cycloalkyl, C3˜C30 heterocycloalkyl containing N, O or S as a heteroatom, C6˜C30 aryl, and C5˜C30 heteroaryl containing
N, O or S as a heteroatom; benzoyl; C1˜C30 alkyl amino; C2˜C30 dialkyl amino; or C1˜C30 alkoxy,

R2 and R2?, which may be identical or different, are each a hydrogen atom; hydroxy; halogen; C1˜C6 linear or branched alkyl; C3˜C10
cycloalkyl; C1˜C6 linear or branched alkoxy; C2˜C20 heterocycloalkyl containing N, O or S as a heteroatom; phenyl, unsubstituted
or substituted with at least one selected from the group consisting of a halogen atom, amino, nitryl, nitro, C1˜C30 alkyl,
C2˜C30 alkenyl, C1˜C30 alkoxy, C3˜C30 cycloalkyl, C3˜C30 heterocycloalkyl containing N, O or S as a heteroatom, C6˜C30 aryl,
and C5˜C30 heteroaryl containing N, O or S as a heteroatom; N-acetyl-4?-piperidyl; N-propyl-4?-piperidyl; or —(CH2)mX wherein m is an integer of 0 to 20, X is C2˜C30 alkylester, C1˜C30 alkylamide, C2˜C30 alkylether, or carboxylic acid; or
R2 and R2? may form a ring, together,

R3 is a hydrogen atom; C1˜C6 linear or branched alkyl; C3˜C10 cycloalkyl; C1˜C6 linear or branched alkoxy; phenyl, unsubstituted
or substituted with at least one selected from the group consisting of a halogen atom, amino, nitryl, nitro, C1˜C30 alkyl,
C2˜C30 alkenyl, C1˜C30 alkoxy, C3˜C30 cycloalkyl, C3˜C30 heterocycloalkyl containing N, O or S as a heteroatom, C6˜C30 aryl,
and C5˜C30 heteroaryl containing N, O or S as a heteroatom; C2˜C20 heterocycloalkyl containing N, O or S as a heteroatom;
benzyl, unsubstituted or substituted with at least one selected from the group consisting of a halogen atom, amino, nitryl,
nitro, C1˜C30 alkyl, C2˜C30 alkenyl, C1˜C30 alkoxy, C3˜30 cycloalkyl, C3˜C30 heterocycloalkyl containing N, O or S as a heteroatom,
C6˜C30 aryl, and C5˜C30 heteroaryl containing N, O or S as a heteroatom; p-methylphenyl, m-methylphenyl, o-methylphenyl; p-tert-butylethylphenyl,
m-tert-butylethylphenyl, or o-tert-butylethylphenyl; p-methoxyphenyl, m-methoxyphenyl, or o-methoxyphenyl; p-fluorophenyl,
m-fluorophenyl, or o-fluorophenyl; p-iodophenyl, m-iodophenyl, or o-iodophenyl; p-nitrophenyl, m-nitrophenyl, or o-nitrophenyl;
p-chlorophenyl; m-chlorophenyl, or o-chlorophenyl; or p-bromophenyl, m-bromophenyl, or o-bromophenyl.

US Pat. No. 9,057,929

QUINOLINIUM SINGLE CRYSTALS FOR USE IN NONLINEAR OPTICS

AJOU UNIVERSITY INDUSTRY-...

1. A quinolinium derivative for use in nonlinear optics so as for a terahertz (THz) wave generation source (light source),
as represented by Chemical Formula 1 or 2 below:

in Chemical Formulas 1 and 2, R1˜R7 are each independently any one or more selected from among hydrogen, hydroxyl, halogen, pseudohalogen, formyl, carboxyl, alkyl,
long-chain alkyl, alkoxy, long-chain alkoxy, cycloalkyl, haloalkyl, aryl, arylene, haloaryl, heteroaryl, heteroarylene, heterocycloalkylene,
heterocycloalkyl, haloheteroaryl, alkenyl, haloalkenyl, alkynyl, haloalkynyl, keto, ketoaryl, haloketoaryl, ketoheteroaryl,
ketoalkyl, haloketoalkyl, ketoalkenyl, haloketoalkenyl, phosphoalkyl, phosphonate, phosphate, phosphine, phosphine oxide,
phosphoryl, phosphoaryl, sulfonyl, sulfoalkyl, sulfoarenyl, sulfonate, sulfate, sulfone, amine, polyether, silylalkyl and
silylalkyloxy.

US Pat. No. 9,818,960

CONDENSED CYCLIC COMPOUND AND ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A condensed cyclic compound represented by one of Formulae 1A to 1C and 1E:

wherein, in Formula 1A to 1C and 1E,
L1 to L6 are each independently selected from a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroarylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted divalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a substituted or
unsubstituted divalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group;

a1 to a6 are each independently selected from 0, 1, 2, and 3;
R1 to R6 are each independently selected from a hydrogen, a deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group,
an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid
group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a substituted or unsubstituted
monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, —N(Q1)(Q2), —B(Q3)(Q4), and —Si(Q5)(Q6)(Q7);

b1 to b6 are each independently selected from 1, 2, and 3;
c1 and c2 are each independently selected from 1, 2, and 3;
wherein at least one substituent of the substituted C3-C10 cycloalkylene group, the substituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkylene group, the substituted C3-C10 cycloalkenylene group, the substituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenylene group, the substituted C6-C60 arylene group, the substituted C1-C60 heteroarylene group, the substituted divalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, the substituted divalent non-aromatic
condensed heteropolycyclic group, the substituted C2-C60 alkyl group, the substituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, the substituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, the substituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, the substituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, the substituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, the substituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, the substituted C1-C10 heterocyclolalkenyl group, the substituted C6-C60 aryl group, the substituted C6-C10 aryloxy group, the substituted C6-C60 arylthio group, the substituted C1-C10 heteroaryl group, the substituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and the substituted monovalent non-aromatic
condensed heteropolycyclic group is selected from

a deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine
group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric
acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, and a C1-C60 alkoxy group;

a C1-C10 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, and a C1-C60 alkoxy group, each substituted with at least one of a deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro
group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine, a hydrazone, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid
group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic
group, —N(Q11)(Q12), —B(Q13)(Q14), and —Si(Q15)(Q16)(Q17);

a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic
group;

a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic
group, each substituted with at least one of a deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group,
an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine, a hydrazone, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group
or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, a C1-C60 alkoxy group, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C10 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic
group, —N(Q21)(Q22), —B(Q23)(Q24), and —Si(Q25)(Q26)(Q27); and

—N(Q31)(Q32), —B(Q33)(Q34), and —Si(Q35)(Q36)(Q37),

wherein Q1 to Q7, Q11 to Q17, Q21 to Q27, and Q31 to Q37 are each independently selected from a hydrogen, a deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group,
an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic
acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, a C1-C60 alkoxy group, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic
group.

US Pat. No. 9,403,874

PEPTIDES AND USE THEREOF

SAMSUNG LIFE PUBLIC WELFA...

1. An isolated peptide represented by an amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1 or a fragment thereof.

US Pat. No. 9,602,952

SELF-DIRECT M2M (MACHINE-TO-MACHINE) COMMUNICATION BASED USER'S DAILY ACTIVITY LOGGING AND ANALYZING SYSTEM WITH WEARABLE AND PERSONAL MOBILE DEVICES

KYUNGPOOK NATIONAL UNIVER...

1. A user's daily activity logging and analyzing system comprising:
a terminal installed at each of devices provided in a user activity area, the terminal comprising a sensor sensing a user's
usage action to each device; and

a portable terminal receiving activity data corresponding to the usage action from the terminal to construct user activity
pattern data,

wherein the terminal comprises a low frequency (LF) transmitter that transmits a wake-up signal to the portable terminal when
the usage action is sensed,

wherein the portable terminal comprises:
a LF receiver that receives the wake-up signal from the LF transmitter, and changes from a sleep mode to a wake-up mode according
to the wake-up signal to receive the activity data from the terminal; and

a schedule management unit that generates a wake-up event at a time corresponding to each schedule on a preset schedule management
list,

wherein the portable terminal changes to the wake-up mode according to the wake-up event to transmit a control message for
automatic operation of a device corresponding to each schedule to the terminal installed at the device, and

wherein the terminal receives the control message, and senses an approach of the portable terminal to communicate with the
device at which the terminal is installed and automatically operate the device corresponding to each schedule, according to
the control message.

US Pat. No. 9,530,639

METHOD OF PREPARING ZNO NANOWIRE AND ZNO NANOWIRE PREPARED THEREBY

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A method of preparing a ZnO nanowire, the method comprising:
preparing a zinc chalcogenide solution by dissolving zinc chalcogenide in a solvent;
applying the zinc chalcogenide solution onto a substrate;
drying the zinc chalcogenide solution applied onto the substrate; and
annealing the substrate in the presence of oxygen after the drying the zinc chalcogenide solution,
wherein the preparing the zinc chalcogenide solution is performed via dimensional reduction of the zinc chalcogenide and comprises:
dissolving a chalcogen in the solvent to obtain a chalcogen solution;
adding the zinc chalcogenide to the chalcogen solution to obtain a first slurry;
heating the first slurry to dissolve the zinc chalcogenide in the chalcogen solution, thereby obtaining a second slurry including
a zinc chalcogenide solution; and

filtering the second slurry.

US Pat. No. 9,473,166

ANALOG-TO-DIGITAL CONVERTER AND AN IMAGE SENSOR INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An analog-to-digital converter, comprising:
a modulator configured to generate a modulated signal based on an analog signal;
a controller configured to generate a weight control signal; and
a digital filter including a weight signal generator and a first integrator, the weight signal generator configured to generate
a weight signal based on the weight control signal, the first integrator configured to generate a digital signal corresponding
to the analog signal by integrating the weight signal in response to the modulated signal,

wherein the weight control signal corresponds to a type and an order of the digital filter.

US Pat. No. 9,449,724

STRUCTURE FOR STORING RADIOACTIVE WASTE

AJOU UNIVERSITY INDUSTRY-...

1. A nuclear power plant container structure comprising:
a hollow structure forming an inner space for tightly sealing radioactive waste therein, said hollow structure comprising
a plurality of hollow cells which are partitioned by cell walls and arranged in a three-dimensional pattern to form the inner
space;

a cladding for surrounding the outside of the hollow structure; and
a filler that is selectively filled in hollow portions of the cells, and can suppress one of nuclear reactions of the radioactive
waste or block radioactivity radiated from the radioactive waste,

wherein at least one connection hole is formed in each of the cell walls, and each hollow portion formed in the respective
hollow cells is fluidly connected with neighboring hollow portions through the at least one connection hole.

US Pat. No. 9,295,709

PHARMACEUTICAL COMPOSITION COMPRISING MICRORNA-30B, MICRORNA-133A, OR MICRORNA-202-5P INHIBITOR FOR INHIBITING CANCER

Kyungpook National Univer...

1. A method for treating cancer by recovering phosphatase and tensin homologue (PTEN) expression inhibited in a hypoxia state
in a subject in need thereof, comprising administering a pharmaceutically effective amount of an inhibitor to at least one
microRNA selected from the group consisting of microRNA-30b, microRNA-133a, and microRNA-202-5p to the subject.

US Pat. No. 9,240,959

METHOD FOR PACKET CLASSIFICATION AND DEVICE THEREFOR

Ajou University Industry-...

1. A packet classification method comprising:
partitioning, by a processor, a total rule set into a plurality of sub rule sets using key values corresponding to fields
of a packet;

generating, by the processor, a Recursive Flow Classification (RFC) table for each of the partitioned sub rule sets;
loading, by the processor, both of RFC table information and partition information commonly corresponding to a key value of
the received packet on a same cache line;

searching for, by the processor, a sub rule set using the partition information corresponding to the key value of the received
packet loaded on the cache line; and

searching for, by the processor, an RFC table corresponding to a rule of the received packet loaded on the cache line from
among the searched sub rule sets using the RFC table information corresponding to the key value of the received packet loaded
on the cache line.

US Pat. No. 10,234,435

CONDUCTIVITY DETECTOR AND ION CHROMATOGRAPHY SYSTEM INCLUDING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

12. An ion chromatography system, comprising:a sample supplier to supply a sample solution into a flow of an eluent that is a moving phase of an ion chromatography, to thereby generate a multi-component solution in which a plurality of ion components is dissolved;
a separation column to sequentially separate the ion components from the multi-component solution to generate a plurality of single component solutions each having a single ion component and to sequentially discharge the single component solutions in a time order; and
a conductivity detector to detect a concentration of the single ion component in each of the single component solutions based on an electrical conductivity of the single ion component, wherein the conductivity detector includes:
a flow channel having a tube shape with a channel diameter through which the single component solution flows,
an electrode arrangement on the flow channel, the electrode arrangement including an anode and a cathode spaced apart by an electrode gap less than or equal to the channel diameter, and
a detector connected to the electrode arrangement to detect a voltage between the anode and the cathode corresponding to the electrical conductivity of the single ion component.

US Pat. No. 9,513,217

NON-INVASIVE METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SCREENING HIGH-QUALITY SEEDS

Kyungpook National Univer...

1. An apparatus for non-invasive selection of high-quality seeds, comprising:
an optical tomographic unit for scanning seeds of diagnostic interest in a non-invasive manner to produce a tomographic image
and generating an interference signal of the tomographic image;

a signal processor for processing the interference signal generated from the optical tomographic unit by performing DC filtering,
envelope detection, and digital conversion to generate tomographic image data of the seeds of diagnostic interest;

a diagnostic unit for determining whether the seeds of diagnostic interest are pathogen-infected seeds or pathogen-free seeds
by analyzing tomographic structures of the seeds of diagnostic interest through the tomographic image data generated by the
signal processor and comparing the analyzed tomographic image data with preset reference tomographic image data, and for generating
diagnosis data, wherein, the diagnostic unit diagnoses the seeds of diagnostic interest as pathogen-infected seeds if there
is a layer in the analyzed tomographic structure and if the analyzed tomographic image data and the reference tomographic
image data are not coincident with each other, and as pathogen-free seeds if there is no layer in the analyzed tomographic
structure and if the tomographic image data generated by the signal processor and the reference tomographic image data are
coincident with each other; and

a selection unit for discriminating pathogen-infected and pathogen-free seeds to select high-quality seeds by sorting out
the pathogen-infected seeds from the pathogen-free seeds according to the diagnosis data.

US Pat. No. 9,446,129

MULTI-LAYERED STRUCTURE FOR DRUG RESERVOIR AND DRUG ELUTING STENT INCLUDING THE SAME

AJOU UNIVERSITY INDUSTRY-...

1. A drug eluting stent comprising: a stent body having a surface; and a coating layer having at least three layers disposed
over at least a portion of the stent body; wherein the at least three layers of the coating layer comprising:
a first layer disposed over the surface of the stent body, wherein the first layer comprising paclitaxel embedded within at
least one layer of crosslinked 4 arm-polypropylene oxide-polyethylene oxide-tyraminedopamine (4 arm-PPO-PEO-TA/DA) conjugates,
wherein the crosslinking of the at least one layer of the first layer being formed by reacting the 4 arm-PPO-PEO-TA/DA conjugates
with at least one oxidizing agent;

a second layer disposed over the first layer, wherein the second layer comprising paclitaxel embedded within at least one
layer of crosslinked 4 arm-polypropylene oxide-polyethylene oxide-tyramine (4 arm-PPO-PEO-TA) conjugates, wherein the crosslinking
of the at least one layer of the second layer being formed by reacting the 4 arm-PPO-PEO-TA conjugates with at least one oxidizing
agent;

wherein the first layer and the second layer being joined together with crosslinkings formed by reacting at least one oxidizing
agent with the tyramine/dopamine attached to the 4 arm-PPO-PEO-TA/DA conjugates of the first layer and the tyramine attached
to the 4 arm-PPO-PEO-TA conjugates of the second layer; and

a third layer disposed over the second layer, wherein the said third layer comprising a crosslinked heparin-polyethylene glycol-tyramine
(heparin-PEG-TA) conjugates, wherein the crosslinking of the third layer being formed by reacting the heparin-PEG-TA conjugates
with at least one oxidizing agent;

wherein the second layer and the third layer being joined together with crosslinkings formed by reacting at least one oxidizing
agent with the tyramine attached to the 4arm-PPO-PEO-TA conjugates of the second layer and the tyramine attached to the heparin-PEG-TA
conjugates of the third layer.

US Pat. No. 9,443,639

CONDUCTIVE POLYMER BLEND COMPOSITION AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

Ajou University Industry-...

1. A method for preparing a conductive polymer blend composition, comprising:
blending a conductive polymer and a polymer-deaggregating agent to form a molecular composite, wherein the polymer-deaggregating
agent comprises at least one of a polyalkylenecarbonate polymer, a copolymer thereof or derivatives thereof.

US Pat. No. 9,115,960

DEFENSE STRUCTURE FOR NATIONAL DEFENSE

AJOU UNIVERSITY INDUSTRY-...

1. A defense structure, comprising:
a hollow structure comprising a plurality of three-dimensional-cells, a plurality of hollow portions formed by a hollow structure
in each of the plurality of cells, each cell being partitioned by a cell wall, and the hollow structure, fixed to a ground,
comprising a plurality of molds and connectors which passing through the a cell wall to connect the plurality of molds

wherein the plurality of cells forming the hollow structure are arranged in a three-dimensional pattern and the plurality
of the hollow portions formed in each cell wall are fluidly connected to one another by the connectors;

a cladding formed to surround an outside of the hollow structure; and
a filler provided selectively to fill in the hollow portions of the plurality of cells.
US Pat. No. 9,493,746

ENZYME USED IN BIOSYNTHESIS OF 1, 4-BDO AND SCREENING METHOD OF THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A butyraldehyde dehydrogenase (bld) mutant polypeptide, wherein the polypeptide comprises the amino acid sequence of SEQ
ID NO: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 or 7? and wherein the mutant polypeptide has butyraldehyde dehydrogenase activity“.

US Pat. No. 9,447,083

N-ACYLHYDRAZONE DERIVATIVES FOR SELECTIVE T CELL INHIBITOR AND ANTI-LYMPHOID MALIGNANCY DRUG

CHONG KUN DANG PHARMACEUT...

1. A compound of formula 1, a stereoisomer thereof, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof:

Wherein,
A is N-H, O or S;
Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4 and Q5 are each independently C or N;

R1, R2, R3, R4 and R5 are each independently absent, —H, —CF3, —F, —Br, —Cl, cyanide, —CH2OH, —(CO)NH2, —(C1-C6)alkyl, —(C1-3)alkoxy, —NH2, —N(CH3)2, or 4, 5 or 6-membered heteroaryl or heterocycloalkyl comprising 1 to 3 members selected from the group consisting of N,
O and S (said heteroaryl or heterocycloalkyl has at least one substituent selected from —H, halogen and amine);

P is —H, —(C1-C3)OH, —(C1-C6)alkyl, —(CO)(C1-C6)alkyl;


 and
B is selected from the group consisting of:
wherein, X, Y and Z are each independently C, N or S, and
R6 and R7 are each independently absent, —H, —Br, —(C1-C6)alkyl, —(C1-C3)OH,


US Pat. No. 9,373,175

APPARATUS FOR ESTIMATING OF VEHICLE MOVEMENT USING STEREO MATCHING

KYUNGPOOK NATIONAL UNIVER...

1. An apparatus for estimating a movement of a vehicle, using stereo matching, the apparatus comprising:
an imaging unit configured to acquire stereo image using two or more cameras;
a label divider configured to divide the stereo image information acquired via the imaging unit into ground, background and
object labels by stereo matching based on a series of homographic information; and

a movement measurer configured to measure rotational information and movement information of the vehicle using the ground
labels of N frame and N+1 frame acquired via the label divider and the background label of the N frame and N+1 frame (where,
N is natural number).

US Pat. No. 9,719,959

HYDROGEN ION SENSOR

Kyungpook National Univer...

1. A hydrogen ion sensor comprising:
a substrate having a well and a first contact, the well having a second, a third, a fourth and a fifth contacts, the second
contact having the same conductive type as the well, and the third, the fourth, and the fifth contacts having an opposite
conductive type to the well;

a first gate insulation layer on a region between the fourth contact and the fifth contact;
a second gate insulation layer on a region between the third contact and the fourth contact; and
a hydrogen ion sensing unit on the first gate insulation layer,
wherein the hydrogen ion sensing unit transfers a voltage level adjusted according to a hydrogen ion concentration of a solution
to be measured, to the first gate insulation layer,

wherein the second and the fifth contacts are disposed apart on the well,
wherein the third contact is disposed between the second contact and the fourth contact,
wherein the fourth contact is disposed between the third contact and the fifth contact, and
wherein the fourth contact surrounds the fifth contact in a ring shape.
US Pat. No. 9,669,103

METAL-PARTICLE-BASED ORAL-ADMINISTRATING LIVER-SPECIFIC NUCLEIC ACID DELIVERY SYSTEM AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

KOREA NATIONAL UNIVERSITY...

1. A metal-nanoparticle-based liver-specific nucleic acid delivery system comprising:
(a) a metal nanoparticle;
(b) a nucleic acid molecule bonded to a surface of the metal nanoparticle; and
(c) a bile acid-glycol chitosan polymer attached to the nucleic acid molecule.
US Pat. No. 10,258,662

COMPOSITION FOR PREVENTING OR TREATING HEPATITIS C INCLUDING VITIDIS VINFERAE RADIX EXTRACT OR FRACTION THEREOF AS ACTIVE INGREDIENT

DONGGUK UNIVERSITY INDUST...

1. A method for treating hepatitis C in a patient with hepatitis C, comprising administering to said patient an effective amount of a composition comprising a fraction of an aqueous and/or C1-C4 alcoholic extract of Vitidis Vinferae Radix as an active ingredient,wherein the fraction is obtained via sequentially fractionating the aqueous and/or alcoholic extract with:
(a) hexane;
(b) hexane and then ethyl acetate;
(c) hexane, ethyl acetate, and then butanol; or
(d) hexane, ethyl acetate, butanol, and then water.

US Pat. No. 10,172,596

BIOLOGICAL TISSUE BIOPSY DEVICE

Dongguk University Indust...

1. A biological tissue biopsy device comprising:a body extending in a longitudinal direction;
an outer needle connected to one side of the body and extending in a longitudinal direction and comprising a first tube having a hollow portion formed therein and a second tube having a smaller diameter than the first tube, disposed adjacent to the first tube and disposed in a direction parallel to the first tube to guide a hemostatic substance;
an inner needle provided inside the first tube and extending in the longitudinal direction of the outer needle and including at least one groove partially formed on an outer circumferential surface thereof;
a handle provided in the body and connected to one end of the inner needle so as to enable the inner needle to move around,
a hemostatic substance syringe having one side connected to the second tube and provided inside the body;
a piston connected to the other side of the hemostatic substance syringe and guidably connected to an inner part of the hemostatic substance syringe; and
a button provided on the body and connected to the piston,
wherein the hemostatic substance syringe comprises a first syringe, a second syringe, and a connection tube that connects the second tube to the first and second syringes,
wherein the first and second syringes each accommodate different types of hemostatic substances,
wherein the handle is adapted to cause the inner needle to move a predetermined distance from the hollow portion of the first tube and be inserted into a target site,
wherein the button is adapted to discharge the hemostatic substances included in the hemostatic substance syringe into the target site via the second tube,
wherein the outer needle has a tip portion defined by the first tube and second tube at a distal end of the outer needle and the tip portion tapers to the center of the outer needle.

US Pat. No. 9,584,923

THREE-COIL TYPE ROUND WINDOW DRIVING VIBRATOR HAVING EXCELLENT DRIVING FORCE

KYUNGPOOK NATIONAL UNIVER...

1. A round window driving vibrator comprising:
a permanent magnet having three poles of SNS or NSN;
a case opened at an upper side thereof to receive the permanent magnet;
a coil member wound around an outer periphery of the permanent magnet, the coil member comprising a first coil wound around
a middle section of the permanent magnet and second and third coils wound around upper and lower sections of the permanent
magnet, respectively, the first, second and third coils being arranged such that a direction of electric current flowing through
the second coil is the same as that of the electric current flowing through the third coils and a direction of the electric
current flowing through the first coil is opposite the direction of the electric current flowing through the second and third
coils;

a vibration plate connected to one end of the permanent magnet; and
a support plate disposed on a bottom surface of the case and connected to the other end of the permanent magnet,
wherein the vibration plate is disposed to protrude from the case, and the vibration plate is spaced apart from the case,
the round window driving vibrator further comprises a vibration transfer member disposed between the vibration plate and the
permanent magnet, the vibration transfer member is connected at one end to the vibration plate and is connected at the other
end to the permanent magnet such that the one end connected to the vibration plate protrudes out of the case,

the support plate comprises a unitary body formed by cutting away sections of the body, wherein the body includes a circular
rim, a circular central hub, and two rounded spokes located on opposing sides of the central hub, the rounded spokes each
including a linear section and an arcuate section, wherein a first end of the linear section of each spoke is connected to
opposing sides of the central hub and the arcuate section extends from a second end of the linear section to an edge of the
circular rim, the support plate further comprises a vibration control pin disposed at a center of the central hub to control
vibration caused by driving of the permanent magnet, and

the round window driving vibrator is adapted to be provided at an inlet of a round window in a cochlea.

US Pat. No. 9,341,525

TORQUE TRANSDUCER, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING TORQUE TRANSDUCER AND TRANSMISSION FOR VEHICLE USING TORQUE TRANSDUCER

Kyungpook National Univer...

1. A torque transducer comprising:
an ultraviolet radiator;
a mechano-luminescent (ML) part disposed on a torque measuring object; and
an illumination sensor disposed to be spaced apart from the ML part,
wherein the ML part absorbs ultraviolet rays irradiated by the ultraviolet radiator and emits ML light reacting to torsion
stress.

US Pat. No. 10,257,862

RANDOM ACCESS METHOD AND APPARATUS BASED ON ANALOG NETWORK CODING FOR TWO-WAY RELAY CHANNEL

AJOU UNIVERSITY INDUSTRY-...

1. A random access method based on analog network coding, comprising:receiving, by a first terminal station, a communication channel for one frame period of a communication network and determining a status of occupation of each slot;
selecting, by the first terminal station, an empty slot as a first slot, and transmitting a first data packet for analog network coding hi the selected first slot over the communication network;
receiving, by the first terminal station, data in the first slot in which the first data packet is transmitted, and determining whether a collision has occurred between the transmitted first data packet and any additional data packet in the first slot;
deciding on, by the first terminal station, the first slot as a reserved slot if a collision has not occurred in the first slot and the first slot as not a reserved slot if a collision has occurred hi the first slot; and
transmitting, by the first terminal station, a second data packet for analog network coding in the first slot, decided on as the reserved slot, over the communication network,
wherein the second data packet includes a sequence code allowing terminal stations other than the first terminal station and a second terminal station, which is a counterpart of communication based on analog network coding, wherein the first slot is a specific slot randomly accessed by the first terminal station and a reserved slot for communication based on analog network coding.
US Pat. No. 9,644,217

METHOD FOR PRODUCING RETINOID FROM MICROORGANISM

INDUSTRY-ACADEMIC COOPERA...

1. A method for production of retinoid from a microorganism, comprising:
culturing a microorganism having retinoid producing efficacy in a medium containing a lipophilic substance; and
isolating said retinoid from said lipophilic substance without degrading a cell wall of said microorganism;
wherein said microorganism transformed with:
a gene encoding acetyl-CoA acetyl transferase/hydroxymethylglutaryl(HMG)-CoA reductase comprising the amino acid sequence
of SEQ ID NO: 1 from Enterococcus faecalis;
a gene encoding HMG-CoA synthase comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 2 from Enterococcus faecalis;
a gene encoding mevalonate kinase comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 3 from Streptococcus pneumoniae;
a gene encoding phosphomevalonate kinase comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 4 from Streptococcus pneumoniae;
a gene encoding mevalonate diphosphate decarboxylase comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 5 from Streptococcus pneumoniae;
a gene encoding isopentinyl diphosphate (IPP) isomerase comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 6 from Escherichia coli;
a gene encoding geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate (GGPP) synthase comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 7 from Pantoea agglomerans;
a gene encoding phytoene synthase comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:8 from Pantoea agglomerans;
a gene encoding phytoene dehydrogenase comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 9 from Pantoea agglomerans; and

a gene encoding lycopene ?-cyclase comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 10 from Pantoea ananatis.

US Pat. No. 9,590,192

TRANSISTOR AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

KYUNGPOOK NATIONAL UNIVER...

1. A transistor comprising:
a substrate;
a drain electrode on the substrate;
a source electrode on the substrate, the source electrode being spaced apart from the drain electrode;
a channel layer on the substrate, the channel layer comprising a channel region electrically connecting the drain electrode
and the source electrode to each other;

a gate electrode on the substrate, the gate electrode being spaced apart from the channel region; and
a liquid crystal layer on the substrate, the liquid crystal layer comprising liquid crystal molecules of which molecular orientations
are changed according to a voltage of the gate electrode and connecting the channel layer and the gate electrode to each other,
wherein the gate electrode is disposed in a region opposite to the channel region with respect to the drain electrode or the
source electrode.

US Pat. No. 9,671,361

BIOCHIP COMPRISING COVALENTLY IMMOBILIZED BIOACTIVE MOLECULES THROUGH ORGANIC COUPLERS THEREON

Kyungpook National Univer...

16. A method for diagnosing the development of diseases comprising:
a first step of measuring electrochemical signals of a sample separated from a normal subject using the biochip of claim 1;
a second step of measuring electrochemical signals of a sample separated from a subject with a suspected disease using the
biochip; and

a third step of determining the development of diseases when there is a significant difference between the signals measured
from the first step and those measured from the second step.

US Pat. No. 9,331,291

NON-VOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

KYUNGPOOK NATIONAL UNIVER...

1. A non-volatile memory device comprising:
a gate electrode;
a data storage layer provided on the gate electrode; and
a source electrode and a drain electrode provided on the data storage layer and spaced apart from each other,
wherein the data storage layer comprises three layers which form hetero-interfaces, wherein
the three layers are, sequentially, a gate dielectric layer, an interlayer, and an organic semiconductor layer, and wherein
a dielectric constant of the interlayer is greater than the a dielectric constant of the gate dielectric layer and a dielectric
constant of the organic semiconductor layer.

US Pat. No. 9,214,596

COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES AND METHODS FOR FABRICATING THE SAME

LG Siltron Inc., (KR) Ku...

1. A method for manufacturing a compound semiconductor, the method comprising:
forming a graphene-derived material layer on one of a first substrate and a first compound semiconductor layer;
forming at least one layer of second compound semiconductor layers on the graphene-derived material layer; and
transforming the graphene-derived material layer into a graphene oxide layer to separate at least one layer of the second
compound semiconductor layers from the first compound semiconductor layer.

US Pat. No. 9,138,491

HIGH-SENSITIVITY MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING NANO-CONTRAST AGENT BASED ON AN ANIONIC POLYMER AND CATIONIC POLYMER ION COMPLEX, AND A PRODUCTION METHOD THEREFOR

BIOLEADERS CORPORATION, ...

1. A method for preparing a nanoparticle composite containing a magnetic resonance imaging nano-contrast agent encapsulated
in a polymer composite formed by an ionic bond between an anionic polymer and a cationic polymer, wherein the method comprises
the steps of:
(a) obtaining an anionic polymer/magnetic resonance imaging nano-contrast composite by mixing an organic solvent solution
containing the anionic polymer with an organic solvent solution containing the magnetic resonance imaging nano-contrast agent
and coating the anionic polymer on the magnetic resonance imaging nano-contrast agent to induce phase transfer from an organic
phase to an aqueous phase; and

(b) obtaining the nanoparticle composite containing the magnetic resonance imaging nano-contrast agent encapsulated in the
polymer composite formed by an ionic bond between the anionic polymer and the cationic polymer by adding the cationic polymer
to the obtained anionic polymer/magnetic resonance imaging nano-contrast composite;

wherein the anionic polymer is selected from the group consisting of polyglutamic acid, polyacrylic acid, alginate, carrageenan,
hyaluronic acid, poly(styrene sulfonate), carboxymethylcellulose, cellulose sulfate, heparin, heparin sulfate, poly(methylene-co-guanidine),
and condroitin sulfate.

US Pat. No. 9,071,994

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR RELAYING MULTIPLE LINKS IN A COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

AJOU UNIVERSITY INDUSTRY-...

1. A Multi-Link Relay Station (MLRS) in a communication system, adapted to perform a multi-path control to provide a communication
service through at least two independent backhaul links connecting simultaneously at least two communication stations,
wherein the MLRS comprises at least one backhaul interface unit and at least one Mobile Station (MS) interface unit, and the
MLRS forms the at least two independent backhaul links by allowing the at least two communication stations to share at least
one backhaul interface unit, allowing the at least two communication stations to use independent backhaul interface units,
or allowing each of the at least two communication stations to use at least two backhaul interface units.

US Pat. No. 9,604,929

FUNCTIONALIZED CARBON NANOPARTICLES AND FUNCTIONAL POLYMER FIBERS PREPARED USING THE SAME

Kyungpook National Univer...

1. A functionalized carbon nanoparticle prepared by modifying the surface of a carbon nanoparticle with 2,4-dihydroxyphenyl,
2-bromophenol; 2,4,6-tribromophenol; 2-bromo-4-chlorophenol; 2-bromo-3-methoxyphenol; 2,4,6-tribromo-5-methyl-1,3-benzenediol;
2-bromo-5-methylhydroquinone; 2-bromo-5-nitrophenol; 3,5-dibromo-2,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid; 3?-bromo-5?-chloro-2?-hydroxychalcone;
2,6-dibromophenol; 2,4-dibromophenol; 1-bromo-2-naphtol; bromohydroquinone; 3-bromo-2-naphtol; 1,6-dibromo-2-naphtol; 3-bromocatechol;
2,6-dibromo-1,5-dihydroxynaphthalene; 2,5-dibromohydroquinone; 2,4,6-tribromoresorcinol; 2,4-dibromo-1-naphtol; tetrabromohydroquinone;
2-bromo-4-chlorophenol; 2-bromo-p-cresol; 2-bromo-4-fluorophenol; 2-bramo-4-methoxyphenol; 6-bromo-o-cresol; 2,6-dibromo-p-cresol;
2,6-dibromo-4-fluorophenol; 3-bromo-4-hydroxybenzonitrile; 3-bromo-4-hydroxybenzaldehyde; 2-bromo-4-tert-butylphenol; 3,5-dibromo-4-hydroxybenzaldehyde;
2,3,5,6-tetrabromo-p-cresol; 3-bromosalicylaldehyde; ?,3,5-tribromo-2-hydroxytoluene; 3,5-dibromosalicylaldehyde; 3?,5?-dibromo-4?-hydroxyacetophenone;
3,3?-dibromo-4,4?-biphenol; 2,6-dibromo-4-nitrophenol; methyl 4-bromo-3-hydroxybenzoate; 4,7-dibromo-3-hydroxy-2-naphthoic
acid; 5,7-dibromo-8-hydroxyquinoline; or 7-bromo-5-chloro-8-hydroxyquinoline.

US Pat. No. 9,369,803

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR REMOVING NOISE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method of removing noise from a two-channel sound signal, the method comprising:
receiving, by a processor, channel sound signals constituting the two-channel sound signal;
obtaining, by the processor, a noise signal for each channel by removing a target sound signal from each channel sound signal
by subtracting other channel sound signal multiplied by a weighted value from each channel sound signal;

estimating, by the processor, a power spectral density PSD of a diffuse noise from each channel sound signal;
obtaining, by the processor, a first sound signal comprising a target signal and an interference signal for each channel by
removing the diffuse noise from each channel sound signal using the estimated PSD of the diffuse noise;

obtaining, by the processor, a first diffuse noise removing gain based on a PSD of each channel sound signal and the estimated
PSD of the diffuse noise;

obtaining, by the processor, a second diffuse noise removing gain based on a PSD of the noise signal for each channel, the
estimated PSD of the diffuse noise, and directional information of the target signal for each channel;

obtaining, by the processor, the PSD of each channel sound signal through a first-order recursive averaging of each channel
sound signal; and

obtaining, by the processor, the PSD of the noise signal for each channel through a first-order recursive averaging of the
noise signal for each channel;

obtaining, by the processor, the interference signal for each channel by removing the diffuse noise from the noise signal
for each channel using the estimated PSD of the diffuse noise;

removing, by the processor, the interference signal from the first sound signal,
wherein the obtaining of the first sound signal comprises removing the diffuse noise from each channel sound signal by multiplying
the channel sound signals by the first diffuse noise removing gain to remove the diffuse noise while maintaining directionality
of the channel sound signals, and

wherein the obtaining of the interference signal for each channel comprises removing the diffuse noise from each channel sound
signal by multiplying the noise signal for each channel by the second diffuse noise removing gain to remove the diffuse noise
while maintaining directionality of the noise signal for each channel.

US Pat. No. 9,304,905

MEMORY CONTROLLER AND DATA MANAGEMENT METHOD THEREOF

Ajou University Industry-...

1. A memory controller for managing correspondence between logical addresses and physical addresses of memory including a
plurality of blocks, each having a plurality of pages, comprising:
a processor configured to:
classify pages in each block into hot pages and cold pages based on a predetermined criterion;
select a first block to be merged which includes a first hot page and a second hot page;
select at least one second block to be merged which does not include a hot page; and
merge the first block and the at least one second block by:
arranging the first hot page in a first target block,
arranging the second hot page in a second target block,
arranging a first part of pages in the at least one second block in the first target block, and
arranging a second part of the pages in the least one second block in the second target block.

US Pat. No. 9,161,365

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR USING RESOURCES IN A COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

AJOU UNIVERSITY INDUSTRY-...

1. A method for using resources in a communication system, comprising:
determining a communication node set having communication nodes which cooperatively provide a communication service to a user
terminal by using a same network resource; and

determining a transceiving node set from among the communication nodes included in the determined communication node set,
wherein said transceiving node set comprises at least one communication node which transceives information from/to the user
terminal,

wherein the communication node set further comprises:
at least one communication node that does not provide the communication service to the user terminal,
at least one communication node that is unable to provide the communication service to the user terminal,
at least one communication node having a first service coverage which is not adjacent to a second service coverage of at least
one of the remaining communication nodes included in the communication node set, or

at least one communication node having a third service coverage which is overlapped with a fourth service coverage of at least
one of the remaining communication nodes included in the communication node set,

wherein if the transceiving node set has more than one communication node,
two or more communication nodes included in the transceiving node set transceive the same information from/to the user terminal
by using the same network resource for each of the two or more communication nodes, or

two or more communication nodes included in the transceiving node set transceive different information from/to the user terminal
by using the same network resource for each of the two or more communication nodes.

US Pat. No. 9,050,301

PHARMACEUTICAL COMPOSITION FOR TREATMENT OF CORNEAL ENDOTHELIAL WOUNDS CONTAINING ANGIOGENIN

CHUNG-ANG UNIVERSITY INDU...

1. A method of treating one or more corneal endothelium wounds in a subject in need thereof, comprising:
a) providing a pharmaceutical composition comprising a therapeutically effective amount of angiogenin as an active ingredient;
and

b) administering the composition of step (a) to the cornea of the subject, wherein the wound or wounds are treated.

US Pat. No. 10,038,147

ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. An organic light-emitting device comprising:a first electrode;
a second electrode facing the first electrode;
an organic layer between the first electrode and the second electrode, the organic layer comprising an emission layer; and
an electron transport region between the emission layer and the second electrode, the electron transport region comprising
an electron transport material represented by Formula 1-11:

wherein, in Formula 1-11,
L1 is selected from:
a phenylene group, and
a phenylene group substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a cyclopentyl group, a cyclohexyl group, a cycloheptyl group, a cyclopentenyl group, and a cyclohexenyl group;
a1 is selected from 0 and 1;
R1 is selected from a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a pyridinyl group, and a benzimidazolyl group, and
a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a pyridinyl group, and a benzimidazolyl group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a pyridinyl group and a benzimidazolyl group;
R2 and R3 are each independently selected from a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, and a pyridinyl group, and
a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, and a pyridinyl group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, and a pyridinyl group; and
R2 and R3 are identical to each other;
provided that when R1 is selected from a substituted or unsubstituted phenyl group and a substituted or unsubstituted naphthyl group, R2 and R3 is each a substituted or unsubstituted pyridinyl group, and
when R2 and R3 are selected from a substituted or unsubstituted phenyl group and a substituted or unsubstituted naphthyl group, R1 is selected from a substituted or unsubstituted pyridinyl group and a substituted or unsubstituted benzimidazolyl group.
US Pat. No. 9,975,933

TUMOR TISSUE-PENETRATING PEPTIDE SPECIFIC TO NEUROPILIN AND FUSION PROTEIN HAVING SAME PEPTIDE FUSED THEREIN

AJOU UNIVERSITY INDUSTRY-...

1. A tumor tissue-penetrating peptide specifically binding to neuropilin, represented by the amino acid sequence selected from the group consisting of SEQ ID NO: 1 to SEQ ID NO: 4.

US Pat. No. 9,569,685

IMAGE PROCESSING APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR DETECTING PARTIALLY VISIBLE OBJECT APPROACHING FROM SIDE USING EQUI-HEIGHT PERIPHERAL MOSAICKING IMAGE, AND DRIVING ASSISTANCE SYSTEM EMPLOYING THE SAME

KYUNGPOOK NATIONAL UNIVER...

1. An image processing device comprising:
one or more processors; and
at least one memory coupled to the one or more processors, the at least one memory having instructions stored thereon which,
when executed by the one or more processors, cause:

extracting unit extracting, from an image, peripheral regions corresponding to a size of a target object determined in advance;
modifying the peripheral regions to allow a viewpoint for the peripheral regions to be changed;
creating unit creating a mosaicking image by adjusting heights of the modified peripheral regions equally and stitching the
height-adjusted peripheral regions together in a horizontal direction; and

detecting an object including a part of the target object from the mosaicking image in the horizontal direction with respect
to the mosaicking image.

US Pat. No. 9,528,112

COMPOSITION COMPRISING MATERIAL FOR INHIBITING SCF OR RECEPTOR THEREOF FOR TREATING OR PREVENTING DISEASES ASSOCIATED WITH VASCULAR PERMEABILITY

AJOU UNIVERSITY INDUSTRY-...

1. A method for treating or preventing vascular permeability related diseases comprising the steps of selecting a patient
in need of treating or preventing vascular permeability related diseases, and administering a composition comprising a material
for inhibiting SCF (stem cell factor) or the receptor thereof to the patient, wherein the vascular permeability related diseases
is selected from the group consisting of
non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy,
ROP (retinopathy of prematurity),
age-related macular degeneration,
corneal dystrophy,
retinoschises,
Stargardt's disease,
autosomal dominant druzen,
Best's macular dystrophy,
cystoid macular edema,
ischemic retinopathy,
inflammation-induced retinal degenerative disease,
X-linked juvenile retinoschisis,
Malattia Leventinese (ML),
Doyne honeycomb retinal dystrophy, and
vascular endothelial cell related inflammatory disease.
US Pat. No. 9,394,262

METHOD OF SEPARATING CARBON NANOTUBES

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A method of separating carbon nanotubes, the method comprising:
forming first carbon nanotubes having a first functional group;
forming a substrate having a second functional group;
adhering the first carbon nanotubes to the substrate by a click chemistry cycloaddition reaction between the first functional
group and the second functional group; and

wherein the first functional group is an alkyne functional group, and the second functional group is an azide functional group.

US Pat. No. 9,387,882

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR FAULT TOLERANT TRAJECTORY GENERATION A LEFT-RIGHT INDEPENDENT ACTIVE FRONT STEERING VEHICLE

KYUNGPOOK NATIONAL UNIVER...

1. An apparatus for fault tolerant trajectory generation of a left-right independent active front steering vehicle comprising:
a steering system fault management unit, when determined a steering unit of one side wheel has broken down, configured to
control, using a computer processor, a steering angle of the other side wheel based on a steering angle information of the
one side wheel;

a turning radius calculating unit configured to calculate a maximum turning radius value of the vehicle based on a steering
angle information controlled by the steering system fault management unit;

a radius information acquiring unit configured to calculate a minimum turning radius value of each road by acquiring road
information of a surrounding region and driving direction of the vehicle;

an optimal route calculation unit configured to determine a vehicle passable road by comparing the maximum turning radius
value that is acquired from the turning radius calculating unit and the minimum turning radius value of each road that is
acquired from the radius information acquiring unit, and calculates an optimal driving route of the vehicle by selecting a
determined passable road; and

a display unit that displays the optimal driving route that is calculated from the optimal route calculating unit.

US Pat. No. 9,696,089

GRAIN DRYING APPARATUS USING EXHAUST HEAT OF COMBINE HARVESTER

Industry-Academic Coopera...

1. A grain drying apparatus using exhaust heat of a combine harvester, the apparatus comprising:
an intake duct one end of which is connected to an exhaust port of the combine harvester and the other end of which outputs
the hot air discharged from the exhaust port;

a filter unit one end of which is connected to the other end of the intake duct for removing harmful components from the hot
air; and

an exhaust duct connected to the other end of the filter unit and a grain selection pan of the combine harvester and supplies
the hot air from which the harmful components are removed to the grain selection pan of the combine harvester,

wherein the intake duct comprises an intake connector for connecting to the exhaust port on the one end, and
the exhaust duct comprises:
a door for selectively opening or closing the intake duct;
an actuator for driving the door;
and a housing including the door and the actuator.
US Pat. No. 9,534,040

ANTIVIRAL AGENT AGAINST ANIMAL VIRUSES

Sungkyunkwan University F...

1. A method of inhibiting an RNA virus comprising contacting said RNA virus with a composition comprising a single-chain variable
fragment (scFv) consisting of the sequence set forth in SEQ ID NO: 6, wherein said composition degrades RNA of said RNA virus
thereby inhibiting said RNA virus.

US Pat. No. 9,743,237

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PREDICTING MOBILITY BASED ON RELATIVE MOBILE CHARACTERISTICS

Ajou University Industry-...

1. A method of predicting mobility based on relative mobile characteristics, comprising:
detecting, by each of a plurality of sensor nodes of a sensor network including the plurality of sensor nodes, a change in
relative location with respect to an observed node;

recording, by the each of the plurality of sensor nodes, information about the detected change in relative location;
generating, by the each of the plurality of sensor nodes, a mathematical model for a possibility of approach of the observed
node with respect to the each of the plurality of sensor nodes using the recorded relative location change information; and

predicting probabilistically, by the each of the plurality of sensor nodes, whether the observed node will approach the each
of the plurality of sensor nodes using the mathematical model, wherein the generating comprises:

generating a mobility state of the observed node by accumulating k pieces of relative location change information of the observed
node based on changes in discrete time;

generating a state diagram using combinations of a plurality of mobility states that the observed node can have; and
generating a Markov model for probabilities of transition between a plurality of mobility states within the state diagram
as the mathematical model.

US Pat. No. 9,823,206

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR MEASURING OVERALL HEAT TRANSFER COEFFICIENT

Kyungpook National Univer...

1. An apparatus for measuring an overall heat transfer coefficient, the apparatus comprising:
an external chamber provided using a heat insulation material and comprising an internal space;
an internal chamber disposed in the external chamber and having an opening upper portion;
a heat source supply to supply heat to an internal portion of the internal chamber;
a cutoff portion disposed in the upper portion of the internal chamber to seal the internal chamber and prevent an outflow
of heat emitted from the heat source supply; and

a temperature measurement portion disposed in an internal portion and an external portion of the internal chamber to measure
an internal temperature and an external temperature of the internal chamber,

wherein the cutoff portion realizes covering conditions indoors through a combination of a covering material and a thermal
screen, and adjusts the external temperature of the internal chamber,

wherein a sky radiation realization portion is provided above the cutoff portion to realize a sky radiation in order to provide
an indoor environment similar to an outdoor environment,

wherein a pipe is provided in the sky radiation realization portion to exchange heat, and
wherein a sky temperature is realized through a working fluid circulating through the pipe.

US Pat. No. 9,717,480

METHOD OF VERIFYING A SURGICAL OPERATION IMAGE MATCHING AND METHOD OF COMPENSATING A SURGICAL OPERATION IMAGE MATCHING

KOH YOUNG TECHNOLOGY INC....

1. A method of verifying a surgical operation image matching in which a three-dimensional reference image of a target acquired
before surgery and a three-dimensional measurement image of the target are matched, the method comprising:
obtaining by a shape measurement apparatus, three-dimensional reference image of a model including the surgical area, wherein
the model is physically manufactured and a reference object is physically attached to the model;

providing, by the shape measurement apparatus, grid patterned light onto the model and the reference object to obtain a reflection
image of the model and the reference object;

measuring, by the shape measurement apparatus, a three-dimensional shape of the model and the reference object by using the
reflection image to obtain a three-dimensional measurement image of the model and the reference object from the three-dimensional
shape;

matching, by a processor, the three-dimensional measurement image of the model and the reference object and the three-dimensional
reference image of the model and the reference object based on a surface of the model;

obtaining, by the processor, a reference position of the target in the three-dimensional reference image of the model and
the reference object and an estimated position of the target, wherein the estimated position of the target is a position estimated
relatively from the reference object in the three-dimensional measurement image of the model and the reference object;

comparing, by the processor, the reference position of the target with the estimated position of the target; and
verifying, by the processor, the surgical operation image matching based on a result of the comparison.

US Pat. No. 9,117,458

APPARATUS FOR PROCESSING AN AUDIO SIGNAL AND METHOD THEREOF

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A method for decoding an audio signal, the method comprising:
receiving, by an audio processing apparatus, spectral data including a current block having a spectral hole, and substitution
type information indicating whether to apply a shape prediction scheme to the current block,

based on the substitution type information indicating that the shape prediction scheme is applied to the current block, receiving
lag information indicating an interval between spectral coefficients of the current block and a predictive shape vector of
the shape prediction scheme, and

wherein the substitution type information is determined based on a correlation value between spectral coefficients of the
current block and the predictive shape vector, the correlation value is estimated by using a candidate lag value (dk), and based on the correlation value being greater than or equal to a predetermined value, the shape prediction scheme is
applied to the current block having the spectral hole;

obtaining spectral coefficients by substituting for spectral hole included in the current block using the lag information;
and

decoding the spectral coefficients to output the audio signal.

US Pat. No. 10,277,359

RECEIVER, METHOD FOR CANCELLING INTERFERENCE THEREOF AND TRANSMITTER FOR THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method for receiving feedback information of a transmitter in a mobile communication system, the method comprising:obtaining information associated with a phase of a first signal;
transmitting the first signal based on the information associated with the phase of the first signal to a receiver;
receiving feedback information generated, by the receiver, based on the first signal and an interference signal that is received by the receiver, wherein the feedback information includes information on a phase of the interference signal;
determining a phase of a second signal to be separated from the phase of the interference signal by a preset phase difference for the receiver based on the feedback information to eliminate the interference signal; and
transmitting the second signal based on the phase of the second signal to the receiver,
wherein the second signal is modulated with Gaussian minimum shift keying (GMSK),
wherein determining the phase of the second signal comprises:
calculating a rotation value for making the preset phase difference between the phase of the second signal and the phase of the interference signal 90°; and
changing the phase of the second signal based on the calculated rotation value.

US Pat. No. 10,094,811

COLOR CHANGEABLE HYDROGEN DETECTION SENSOR BASED ON MOLYBDENUM OXIDE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A hydrogen detection sensor, comprising:a substrate; and
a coating layer formed on a surface of the substrate and discolored when exposed to hydrogen,
wherein the coating layer comprises a molybdenum oxide (MoO3)—Pd nanocomposite in which palladium (Pd) catalyst particles are adsorbed on an molybdenum oxide (MoO3) nanostructure,
the molybdenum oxide (MoO3)—Pd nanocomposite comprises the molybdenum oxide nanostructure and the palladium catalyst particles at a weight ratio of about 100:0.5 to 100:10.

US Pat. No. 9,868,697

PHYTOSPHINGOSINE DERIVATIVES, AND COMPOSITION COMPRISING SAME FOR PREVENTING AND TREATING INFLAMMATORY SKIN DISEASES, AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES, AND HYPERKERATOSIS DISEASES

The Catholic University o...

1. A phytosphingosine derivative as represented by the following Chemical Formulas IA or IB:

US Pat. No. 9,846,266

LIQUID CRYSTALLINE POLYMER FILM WITH DIFFRACTIVE OPTICAL NOISE REMOVED AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

KYUNGPOOK NATIONAL UNIVER...

1. A liquid crystalline polymer film where diffraction optical noise is removed, comprising:
a transparent substrate;
an alignment film which is formed on the transparent substrate;
a first liquid crystalline polymer film which is formed on the alignment film and has a groove structure on an upper surface
thereof, the first liquid crystalline polymer film being aligned by the alignment film and by the groove structure; and

a second liquid crystalline polymer film which is formed on the upper surface of the first liquid crystalline polymer film,
the second liquid crystalline polymer film being aligned by the groove structure of the first liquid crystalline polymer film,

wherein ordinary refractive indexes of the first liquid crystalline polymer film and the second liquid crystalline polymer
film are matched with each other, and extraordinary refractive indexes of the first liquid crystalline polymer film and the
second liquid crystalline polymer film are matched with each other, and

wherein the second liquid crystalline polymer film is configured to remove diffraction light caused by the groove structure
of the first liquid crystalline polymer film.

US Pat. No. 9,307,934

MICRONEEDLE BIO-SAMPLING APPARATUS

Industry-Academic Coopera...

1. A bio-sampling apparatus comprising:
a bio-sampling body configured to enable insertion of a needle into a sample; and
a blocking unit installed in the bio-sampling body,
wherein the blocking unit is configured to prevent the needle from repeatedly moving into the sample,
wherein the bio-sampling body comprises:
an external cover having a hollow connecting openings formed in a plurality of sides of the external cover;
a pressing unit having one side in which the needle is installed, wherein the pressing unit is configured to move toward the
sample along the hollow; and

an elastic unit fixed to the external cover, connected to the pressing unit,
wherein the elastic unit returns the pressing unit, having moved toward the sample, to an original state of the pressing unit
when pressure applied to the pressing unit is removed,

wherein the blocking unit comprises:
a film member fixed to the pressing unit and surrounding the needle;
a film cover covering the film member and having a size corresponding to an edge of the pressing unit; and
a blocking member fixed to the external cover and configured to elastically press the film cover, penetrating through the
film member to extend inwardly when the film cover is removed from a position covering the film member, and

wherein the blocking member prevents the pressing unit from repeatedly moving toward the sample, thereby preventing repeated
bio-sampling.

US Pat. No. 9,291,642

FLEXIBLE NEAR FIELD OPTICAL IMAGING DEVICE INCLUDING FLEXIBLE OPTICAL HEAD WITH THIN FILM LAYER FOR FORMATION OF DYNAMIC OPTICAL NANO APERTURES

INDUSTRY-ACADEMIC COOPERA...

1. A near field optical imaging device comprising:
a light source for radiating light of a far field optical system; and
an optical head including
a thin film layer for formation of dynamic optical nano apertures, combined with a measured object in one piece to generate
a near field by a beam radiated from the light source, wherein

the measured object can be scanned in a depth direction by adjusting a depth of the near field, and the depth of the near
field is adjusted by modifying a shape of an opening of the thin film layer for formation of dynamic optical nano apertures
by adjusting an amount of the light radiated from the light source.

US Pat. No. 9,620,013

APPARATUS FOR DETERMINING LANE POSITION THROUGH INTER-VEHICLE COMMUNICATION

KYUNGPOOK NATIONAL UNIVER...

1. An apparatus for determining lane position through inter-vehicle communication comprising:
a receiver configured on both sides of a personal vehicle to receive a first lane information and a second lane information
from the left and right side lane of the personal vehicle and,

a lane location determining unit configured to determine a lane location of the personal vehicle using at least one of the
first lane and second lane information, and a centerline detector configured to detect a centerline using a lane detecting
sensor,

wherein the lane location determining unit additionally determines that the personal vehicle is located on a first lane using
the centerline detecting information.

US Pat. No. 9,395,328

APPARATUS FOR DETECTING SODIUM IN A LIQUID

INJE UNIVERSITY INDUSTRY-...

1. An apparatus for detecting sodium in a liquid comprising:
a sodium detecting unit configured to detect concentration of sodium in a liquid using a plurality of voltages;
a temperature-signal processing unit configured to measure a temperature of the sodium detecting unit;
a low-noise amplifying unit configured to amplify the difference between the plurality of voltages detected by the sodium
detecting unit with low noise;

a filtering and amplifying unit configured to amplify the low-noise signal output from the low-noise amplifying unit up to
a required level and filters the amplified low-noise signal; and

a signal-processing and controlling unit configured to calculate the concentration of the sodium using the low-noise signal
received from the filtering and amplifying unit and corrects the calculated concentration of the sodium on the basis of the
temperature measured by the temperature-signal processing unit by referring to electrode voltages for a standard solution
measured at several temperatures and stored in a memory.

US Pat. No. 10,351,790

APPARATUS FOR MOLDING GAS HYDRATE PELLETS

Dongguk University Indust...

1. An apparatus for molding gas hydrate pellets, comprising:a dehydrating unit configured to remove moisture from a slurry state of gas hydrates to transform the slurry state of the gas hydrates to a cake state of the gas hydrates;
a pulverizer in which the cake state of the gas hydrates is pulverized;
a cooler having a rotating shaft provided therein, comprising a plurality of agitation blades installed along a height direction of the rotating shaft and configured to cool the pulverized gas hydrates to a predetermined temperature;
a decompressor configured to decompress the cooled gas hydrates to a predetermined pressure; and
a pellet molder configured to mold the decompressed gas hydrates to pellets,
wherein the pulverizer is configured to pulverize and decrease effective diameters of the gas hydrates converted into the cake after the dehydrating,
wherein the gas hydrates pulverized in the pulverizer to have the effective diameters decreased are supplied to the cooler, and
wherein the pulverizer includes a fixed blade and a wing blade, and the gas hydrates injected into the pulverizer are pulverized by a compressive force between the fixed blade and the wing blade caused by rotation of the wing blade.

US Pat. No. 10,109,066

OPTICAL TRACKING SYSTEM, AND METHOD FOR CALCULATING POSTURE AND LOCATION OF MARKER PART IN OPTICAL TRACKING SYSTEM

KOH YOUNG TECHNOLOGY INC....

1. An optical tracking system comprising:a marker configured to include a pattern that has particular information and a first lens that is spaced apart from the pattern and has a first focal length;
a first image lens and sensor combination configured to include a second lens that has a second focal length and a first imaging sensor that is spaced apart from the second lens and on which a first image of the pattern is formed by the first lens and the second lens;
a second image lens and sensor combination configured to include a third lens that has a third focal length and a second image imaging sensor that is spaced apart from the third lens and on which a second image of the pattern is formed by the first lens and the third lens; and
a processor configured to determine a posture of the marker from a first coordinate conversion formula between a coordinate on a pattern surface of the pattern and a first pixel coordinate on the first image of the pattern and from a second coordinate conversion formula between the coordinate on the pattern surface of the pattern and a second pixel coordinate on the second image of the pattern, the second coordinate conversion formula including a rotation conversion between the first pixel coordinate and the second pixel coordinate, and configured to track the marker.

US Pat. No. 10,026,909

ANTHRACENE-BASED COMPOUND AND ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE COMPRISING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. An anthracene-based compound represented by Formula 1:
wherein, in Formula 1,
Ar1 and Ar2 are each independently selected from a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C30 cycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C30 cycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C30 arylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 heterocycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 heterocycloalkenylene group, and a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 heteroarylene group;
n1 is 0 and n2 is an integer from 1 to 3;
R1 and R2 are each independently selected from a hydrogen atom, a deuterium atom, a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine, a hydrazone, a carboxyl group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C30 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C30 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C30 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C30 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C30 aryl group, and a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 heteroaryl group; provided that R1 and R2 are not naphthyl group at the same time,
R3 to R5 are each independently selected from a deuterium atom, a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine, a hydrazone, a carboxyl group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C30 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C30 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C30 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C30 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C30 aryl group, and a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 heteroaryl group;
a1 and a3 are each independently an integer from 0 to 7; and
a2 is an integer from 0 to 8.

US Pat. No. 9,741,352

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PROCESSING AN AUDIO SIGNAL

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. An audio signal processing method comprising:
receiving an audio signal including a super wide band;
obtaining a frequency-converted coefficient corresponding to the super wide band by performing frequency conversion with respect
to the audio signal;

generating a harmonic ratio based on the frequency-converted coefficient corresponding to the super wide band;
obtaining a harmonic number based on the harmonic ratio, the harmonic number indicating a number of the super wide band which
have harmonic characteristics;

determining whether a current frame is a harmonic mode based on the harmonic number;
quantizing the frequency-converted coefficient corresponding to the super wide band based on the harmonic mode;
generating target vectors using maximum pulses and the frequency-converted coefficient corresponding to the super wide band;
vector-quantizing the target vector and positions of the maximum pulses;
quantizing the positions the maximum pulses; and
transmitting the audio signal including the quantized frequency-converted coefficient corresponding to the super wide band,
mode information indicating the current frame is the harmonic mode and the quantized target vector and the quantized positions
of the maximum pulses to decoder.

US Pat. No. 9,503,124

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DECODING LOW-DENSITY PARITY-CHECK CODE

Ajou University Industry-...

1. A method of decoding a low-density parity-check code (LDPC) by a processor in an apparatus for performing the same, comprising:
an initialization process of initializing a plurality of check nodes and a plurality of variable nodes by initializing check-variable
messages and variable-check messages, both of which are for calculating the check nodes and the variable nodes,

a check node update process of updating the check nodes using the variable-check messages,
a variable node update process of updating the variable nodes using initial values of the variable-check messages and the
check-variable messages,

a tentative decoding process of performing tentative decoding using the initial values of the variable-check messages and
the check-variable messages, and

a parity check process of determining whether a decoding stop condition is satisfied using results of the tentative decoding
and a parity check matrix which represents the connectivity between the plurality of check nodes and the plurality of variable
nodes, wherein:

the method further comprises detecting at least one inactive variable nodes using the results of the tentative decoding and
a threshold value among the variable nodes between the initialization process and the check node update process;

the variable node update process is performed only on active variable nodes except for the inactive variable node; and
the check node update process is performed only using the active variable nodes; and
the method is implemented as a computer readable code in a data storage device.

US Pat. No. 9,489,574

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR ENHANCING USER RECOGNITION

KYUNGPOOK NATIONAL UNIVER...

1. A user recognition enhancing apparatus comprising:
a storage configured to store content;
a display configured to display the stored content;
a gaze pattern detector configured to detect a gaze pattern of a user with respect to the content;
a gaze feature extractor configured to extract gaze feature information from the detected gaze pattern, the gaze feature information
comprising information on a number of times a user gaze re-falls on a specific area of the content and information on a time
duration that the user gaze falls on the specific area; and

a calculator configured to calculate a learning capability of the user with respect to the content using the gaze pattern,
and calculate a learning attitude of the user.

US Pat. No. 9,456,332

METHOD, BASE STATION AND USER EQUIPMENT FOR PERFORMING D2D SERVICE IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method for supporting device to device (D2D) communication at a base station in a wireless communication system, the
method comprising:
determining at least one D2D communication group a of a plurality of D2D communication groups; and
giving a group identifier corresponding to the determined at least one D2D communication group a to a D2D transmitting user
equipment i and a D2D receiving user equipment j of a D2D link (i, j),wherein the D2D link (i, j) is a communication link
for the D2D communication between the D2D transmitting user equipment i and the D2D receiving user equipment j,

wherein the determining at least one D2D communication group a of a plurality of D2D communication groups includes:
receiving information on the at least one D2D communication group a, which satisfies a first condition, from the D2D receiving
user equipment j,

receiving information on the at least one D2D communication group a, which satisfies a second condition, from the D2D transmitting
user equipment i,

determining the at least one D2D communication group a, which satisfies the first condition and the second condition, wherein
the second condition is obtained by receiving a first group interference value from the D2D receiving user equipment j within
the plurality of D2D communication groups,

determining a minimum value of the first group interference value as a second group interference value, and
transmitting the second group interference value to the D2D transmitting user equipment i,
wherein the first condition is satisfied when an interference value received by the D2D receiving user equipment j from a
plurality of transmitting user equipment k within the D2D communication group a satisfies a signal to interference plus noise
ration (SINR) required for the D2D receiving user equipment j.

US Pat. No. 9,242,278

EFFECTIVE SOUND GENERATOR USING PULSED THERMAL RADIATION

Jeju National University ...

1. A high-efficiency acoustic wave generator using a pulsed thermal radiation beam, comprising:
a focusing tube focusing solar light collected by a solar tracking reflector to form high-density light and emitting the focused
solar light;

a light interrupter including a circular disk and a rotating drive unit, the circular disk having a plurality of holes arranged
at positions spaced apart from each other at regular intervals in a circumferential direction around the rotating drive unit
so that the solar light emitted from the focusing tube passes through the holes and thus is intermittently emitted, and a
pulse beam is formed by the intermittent solar light that has passed through one of the holes of the light interrupter;

a housing body made of aluminum and having a hollow pipe structure, the housing body including: an open input end through
which the pulse beam enters the housing body; a space formed behind the input end, the space forming an air column; and an
open output end provided behind the space;

a glass cover coupled to the open input end of the housing body;
a porous material provided on a rear surface of the glass cover, the porous material including a wire configured such that
when the wire is thermally-expanded by the pulse beam and thermally-contracted, the air column in the space contracts and
expands, thus generating sound; and

a wave guide coupled to the open output end of the housing body, the wave guide transmitting the generated sound to a desired
place of use.

US Pat. No. 9,131,470

RESOURCE ALLOCATION IN A COEXISTENCE SYSTEM

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method for allocating resource, performed by a manager device, comprising:
receiving a channel allocation request from a first network or a device;
deciding a second network or a device to transfer a used channel based on channel gains of respective networks or devices
when there is no channel to be allocated to the first network or device;

transferring a used channel of the second network or device to another channel and increasing a priority; and
allocating the used channel of the second network or device to the first network or device.

US Pat. No. 9,944,191

UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE, UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE CHARGING SYSTEM AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

INDUSTRY-ACADEMIC COOPERA...

1. An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) comprising:a battery;
a battery residual quantity detector configured to detect a residual quantity of the battery in the UAV;
a communicator configured to perform communication with a rechargeable unmanned aerial vehicle (RUAV) used in charging or replacement of the battery; and
a processor configured to control the communicator to transmit operation information of the UAV to the RUAV detected within a predetermined distance when the detected residual quantity of the battery is less than a predetermined reference quantity and control to wirelessly charge the battery by power supplied from the RUAV to maintain an operable state of the UAV or replace the battery to a new battery provided from the RUAV when being close to the RUAV receiving the operation information of the UAV,
wherein the processor performs the charging or replacement of the battery when the RUAV is close to the chargeable or replaceable range of the battery while maintaining an operation route of the UAV, and
the RUAV calculates a cross point with the UAV within a shortest time on the operation route of the UAV based on operation information of the RUAV and the operation information received from the UAV and changes an operation route of the RUAV to the cross point to move to the chargeable or replaceable range of the battery,
wherein, in case of replacing the battery, the battery is replaced by the new battery while the UAV is docked with the RUAV being close to the replaceable range of the battery and receives a new battery from the docked RUAV and the new battery is attached to the UAV, and
wherein, in case of wirelessly charging the battery, the battery is wirelessly charged by the power supplied from the RUAV while the UAV maintains level with the RUAV being close to the chargeable range of the battery.

US Pat. No. 9,750,951

LIQUID TYPE PLASMA FOR PREVENTING OR TREATING CANCER

Ajou University Industry-...

1. An anticancer agent comprising a liquid type plasma prepared by a method comprising:
1) filling a plasma generator with a carrier gas;
2) generating a plasma by supplying a voltage of 0.5 kV to 20 kV to the carrier gas; and
3) irradiating a medium with the generated plasma.

US Pat. No. 9,583,178

SRAM READ PREFERRED BIT CELL WITH WRITE ASSIST CIRCUIT

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A memory comprising:
a first pass gate transistor comprising a first back gate node situated above a substrate;
a second pass gate transistor comprising a second back gate node situated above the substrate;
a first pull down transistor comprising a third back gate node situated above the substrate; and
a second pull down transistor comprising a fourth back gate node situated above the substrate;
wherein a source node of the first pull down transistor, a source node of the second pull down transistor, the first back
gate node, the second back gate node, the third back gate node, and the fourth back gate node are electrically coupled to
each other to form a common node; and

a voltage source configured to raise a voltage of the common node above ground during a write operation that involves data
being passed through the first and second pass gate transistors.

US Pat. No. 9,567,235

SOLUTION REACTION APPARATUS AND SOLUTION REACTION METHOD USING THE SAME

INJE UNIVERSITY INDUSTRY-...

1. A solution reaction apparatus, which comprises:
a substrate;
a sealing member laminated on one side of the substrate;
a reaction vessel forming member being laminated on the sealing member and forming a reaction vessel, which can contain reaction
solution for solution reaction, using the substrate as a bottom part; and

a reaction solution circulatory part circulating the reaction solution into the reaction vessel, which is formed from the
substrate, the sealing member and the reaction vessel forming member,

wherein the substrate comprises a nanostructure layer.

US Pat. No. 9,417,386

PLASMONIC OPTICAL WAVEGUIDE USING PLASMONIC COUPLING BETWEEN NANO-APERTURE AND NANO-PARTICLE

INDUSTRY-ACADEMIC COOPERA...

1. A plasmonic optical waveguide comprising:
a nano-aperture formed with an opening of a nano-scale on one side to pass light; and
a metal nano-particle positioned on the one side on which the opening is formed and positioned at or near a focal point of
the nano-aperture to generate plasmon coupling by interacting with the nano-aperture,

wherein the position of the focal point of the nano-aperture is formed at the ridge tip of the opening, and the ridge tip
is a point where the ridge meets one side of the nano-aperture, and

a fixing means for fixing the metal nano-particle,
wherein one end of the fixing means is connected to the one side of the nano-aperture, and the other end is connected to the
metal nano-particle.

US Pat. No. 9,378,860

POLYVINYL COPOLYMER, DOPANT HAVING THE SAME, AND CONDUCTIVE POLYMER COMPOSITE HAVING THE DOPANT

Ajou University Industry-...

1. A polyvinyl-based polymer represented by the following Chemical Formula 1:
—[(CH2—CH(R1))x—(CH2—CH(R2))y—(CH2—CH(R3))z]p—;  [Chemical Formula 1]

wherein in Chemical Formula 1,
the three polymer blocks contained in the polymer are independently selected, respectively,
R1 represents —OH or —C6H4—OH,

when R1 is —OH, R2 and R3 represent —O—R—SO3H and —O—R—SO3-M+, respectively; and when R1 is —C6H4—OH, R2 and R3 represent —C6H4O—R—SO3H and —C6H4O—R—SO3-M+, respectively,

a substituent R of —O—R—SO3H, —O—R—SO3-M+, —C6H4O—R—SO3H, and —C6H4O—R—SO3-M+ represents a C1-C20 alkylene group, a C1-C20 alkylene group substituted by a halogen, a C2-C20 alkenylene group, a C2-C20 alkenylene group substituted by a halogen, or —(CH2CH2O)n—,

M+ represents a metal cation;

x, y, z, and n represent non-negative integers, respectively, provided that each of x, y, z, and n is independently at least
1, and

p represents an integer of from 1 to 500,000.

US Pat. No. 9,290,388

CARBONACEOUS NANOCOMPOSITE HAVING NOVEL STRUCTURE AND FABRICATION METHOD THEREOF

INJE UNIVERSITY INDUSTRY-...

1. A carbonaceous nanocomposite comprising:
a substrate, wherein the substrate is a SUS substrate that incorporates carbon;
a graphene sheet formed on the substrate, wherein the graphene sheet has a thickness of 2-100 nm;
a plurality of first carbonaceous nanomaterials disposed on the graphene sheet, wherein the first carbonaceous nanomaterial
has two ends, wherein one end is chemically bonded to a first surface of the graphene sheet facing away from the substrate
so that the first carbonaceous nanomaterial is affixed to the graphene sheet at a predetermined angle, wherein the first carbonaceous
nanomaterials has an aspect ratio of 2 to 75,000; and

a plurality of second carbonaceous nanomaterials disposed between the substrate and a second surface of the graphene sheet
facing toward the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,494,333

COMPOUND HAVING BLT INHIBITORY ACTIVITY AND COMPOSITION, FOR PREVENTING OR TREATING INFLAMMATORY DISEASES, COMPRISING SAME AS ACTIVE INGREDIENT

DONGGUK UNIVERSITY INDUST...

1. A compound represented by Formula 1 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof:
wherein,
R1 is C1 to C10 alkyl,

R2 is hydrogen,

R3 is hydrogen,

R4 is hydrogen,

wherein Ra is hydrogen, C1 to C10 alkyl, C1 to C5 carboxyl,
andR5, R6, and R7 are each independently hydrogen, halogen, nitro, methyl, trifluoromethyl or methoxy.

US Pat. No. 9,764,320

ANION EXCHANGE METHODS USING ANION EXCHANGE PRECURSOR

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An anion exchange method comprising:
exchanging an anionic element of a nanoparticle with an element X of an anion exchange precursor represented by Na2Xn via a reaction between the anion exchange precursor and the nanoparticle in the presence of a reaction medium, wherein X is
at least one element selected from the group consisting of Se, S, and Te, and n is an integer from 2 to 10,

wherein the nanoparticle is CdS, CdSe, CdTe, ZnS, ZnSe, ZnTe, ZnO, HgS, HgSe, HgTe, CdSeS, CdSeTe, CdSTe, ZnSeS, ZnSeTe, ZnSTe,
HgSeS, HgSeTe, HgSTe, CdZnS, CdZnSe, CdZnTe, CdHgS, CdHgSe, CdHgTe, HgZnS, HgZnSe, CdHgZnTe, CdZnSeS, CdZnSeTe, CdZnSTe, CdHgSeS,
CdHgSeTe, CdHgSTe, HgZnSeS, HgZnSeTe, HgZnSTe, GaN, GaP, GaAs, GaSb, AlN, AlP, AlAs, AlSb, InN, InP, InAs, InSb, GaNP, GaNAs,
GaNSb, GaPAs, GaPSb, AlNP, AlNAs, AlNSb, AlPAs, AlPSb, InNP, InNAs, InNSb, InPAs, InPSb, GaAlNP, GaAlNAs, GaAlNSb, GaAlPAs,
GaAlPSb, GaInNP, GaInNAs, GaInNSb, GaInPAs, GaInPSb, InAlNP, InAlNAs, InAlNSb, InAlPAs, InAlPSb, SnS, SnSe, SnTe, PbS, PbSe,
PbTe, SnSeS, SnSeTe, SnSTe, PbSeS, PbSeTe, PbSTe, SnPbS, SnPbSe, SnPbTe, SnPbSSe, SnPbSeTe, SnPbSTe, SiC, or a combination
thereof; or comprises the anionic element and Si, Ge, or SiGe.

US Pat. No. 9,689,019

BIOMARKER FOR DIAGNOSING TOXICITY OF NANOPARTICLES AND METHOD FOR EVALUATING TOXICITY OF NANOPARTICLES USING THE SAME

AJOU UNIVERSITY INDUSTRY-...

1. A method for determining a risk of toxicity of MNPs@SiO2 nanoparticles, comprising the steps of:
culturing HEK 293 cells;
treating the cultured cells with the nanoparticles;
detecting mRNA gene expression of aldehyde dehydrogenase 4 family member A1 (ALDH4A1), glutamic-pyruvate transaminase 2 (GPT2),
glutamate dehydrogenase 1 (GLUD1), glutamicoxaloacetic transaminase 2 (GOT2), glutamic acid decarboxylase 1 (GAD1), and glutamate-ammonia
ligase (GLUL) of the treated cells;

comparing the mRNA gene expression between the treated cells and non-treated cells; and
determining the risk of the toxicity if,
a gene expression level of the ALDH4A1 in the treated cells increases 1.25-fold or more than the non-treated cells, and
the gene expression level of the GPT2, GLUD1, GOT2, GAD1, and GLUL in the treated cells decreases 0.75-fold or less than the
non-treated cells.

US Pat. No. 9,664,628

INSPECTION METHOD

KOH YOUNG TECHNOLOGY INC....

1. An inspection method comprising:
setting, by a central processing unit, a measurement area on a board, the measurement area including a comparison feature
object and a verification feature object;

acquiring, by the central processing unit, reference data and measurement data of the measurement area;
establishing, by the central processing unit, a conversion condition for the measurement area;
acquiring, by the central processing unit, a conversion relation by comparing reference data and measurement data corresponding
to the comparison feature object, wherein the conversion relation includes a distortion between the reference data and the
measurement data corresponding to the comparison feature object;

applying, by the central processing unit, the conversion relation with respect to reference data and measurement data corresponding
to the verification feature object to obtain an error;

verifying, by the central processing unit, validity of the conversion relation by determining whether the error exceeds a
predetermined tolerance range;

confirming, by the central processing unit, the conversion condition when the validity of the conversion relation is verified
and the error does not exceed the predetermined tolerance range; and

setting, by the central processing unit, an inspection area by compensating the distortion according to the confirmed conversion
condition;

inspecting, by the central processing unit, the board based on the inspection area to correctly judge whether the board is
good or bad.