US Pat. No. 9,381,943

B-PILLAR UNIT FOR VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A B-pillar unit for a vehicle, comprising:
a B-pillar that is connected to a vehicle body,
wherein the B-pillar includes a roof portion, a left portion, a right portion and a floor portion, and
the B-pillar is formed as a single piece that is bent to form the roof portion, the left portion, the right portion, and the
floor portion.

US Pat. No. 9,404,398

CONTINUOUSLY VARIABLE VALVE TIMING DEVICE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A continuously variable valve timing device, comprising:
a cam sprocket connected with a camshaft having a plurality of cams to rotate the camshaft;
an electric variable valve timing mechanism connected with the cam sprocket, and driven by an electric motor;
a chain cover configured to protect the cam sprocket and a chain system from foreign substances;
an electric variable valve timing mechanism cover configured to protect the electric variable valve timing mechanism from
foreign substances;

a seal ring configured to partition an internal space between the electric variable valve timing mechanism and the electric
variable valve timing mechanism cover; and

a pressure maintaining device mounted within the electric variable valve timing mechanism cover to maintain pressure formed
within the internal space of the electric variable valve timing mechanism cover at about atmospheric pressure,

wherein the pressure maintaining device includes:
a plug mounted within a mounting aperture formed within the electric variable valve timing mechanism cover, and has a circulation
aperture formed at a center of the plug to allow gas to flow in and out, and an installation space formed at an inner side
of the plug;

a film member mounted within the installation space of the plug to allow gas to pass therethrough; and
a support member fitted into the installation space of the plug support the film member, and having an aperture formed at
a center thereof.

US Pat. No. 9,190,045

NOISE-ABSORBENT FABRIC FOR VEHICLE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A noise-absorbent fabric for a vehicle, comprising:
a mono-layered nonwoven fabric formed of a super fiber with a fineness of about 1 denier to about 15 deniers and a thickness
of about 3 mm to about 20 mm; and

a binder located in a same layer as the nonwoven fabric to maintain a three-dimensional shape of the nonwoven fabric,
wherein the binder is formed from a thermosetting resin solution comprising a thermosetting resin of about 10 wt % to about
60 wt %, a curing agent of about 2 wt % to about 10 wt %, a catalyst, a flame retardant and a solvent.

US Pat. No. 9,387,794

VEHICLE LAMP AUTOCUT APPARATUS AND METHOD

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A vehicle lamp autocut method, comprising:
detecting, by a controller, a current position of a vehicle when a power supply of the vehicle is turned off based on current
positional information acquired by a navigation device;

detecting, by the controller, whether the vehicle is located in a safety zone based on the current position of the vehicle;
detecting, by the controller, whether a lamp within the vehicle is in a turn on state when the vehicle is located in the safety
zone using a smart junction box configured to operate the lamp;

detecting, by the controller, whether a vehicle state satisfies a lamp turn off condition when the lamp is in the turn on
state; and

controlling, by the controller, operation of the smart junction box so as to turn off the lamp when the vehicle state satisfies
the lamp turn off condition.

US Pat. No. 9,370,997

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING TAIL TRIM USING CLAD METAL PLATE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A tail trim comprising:
a main tail trim; and
a housing coupled to the main tail trim, the housing comprising a tail trim upper cover and a tail trim lower cover,
wherein the main tail trim is formed from a first clad metal plate of two metal materials, and the housing is formed from
a second clad metal plate of two metal materials, wherein the at least one of the two metal materials of the first clad metal
plate is different than at least one of the metal materials of the second clad metal plate,

wherein the first clad metal plate is fabricated from A7075 aluminum alloy and an A5052 aluminum alloy, and the second clad
metal plate is formed from A7075 aluminum alloy and stainless steel.

US Pat. No. 9,358,915

STORAGE ASSEMBLY FOR VEHICLE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A storage assembly for a vehicle comprising:
a housing having an outlet formed at an outer surface of the housing at a rear end of the housing;
a cooling and heating cup holder installed in the housing and having a thermoelectric element attached to a side end surface
thereof;

a convenience device disposed adjacent to a side of the thermoelectric element in the housing and including a storage tray
or an electrical control switch;

a heat exchange pin disposed at an outlet side of the rear end of the housing and a blower connected to the outlet at the
outlet side of the rear end of the housing; and

a heat pipe having one end connected to the thermoelectric element and an opposing end extended to turn aside or traverse
the convenience device and connected to the heat exchange pin.

US Pat. No. 9,325,850

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR MODIFYING MOBILE DEVICE FUNCTIONS

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

13. A mobile communication system for wireless communication in a wireless network, said mobile communication system comprising:
a first antenna, wherein said first antenna wirelessly transmits data communication via said wireless network;
a second antenna for detection of a wireless signal from a short-range wireless transmitter at an in-range vicinity of said
short-range wireless transmitter, wherein said short-range wireless transmitter is outside of said mobile communication system;

a first module, wherein said first module receives a code from said short-range wireless transmitter via said second antenna
being at said in-range vicinity of said short-range wireless transmitter, wherein a signal power level from said short-range
wireless transmitter detected by said second antenna is above a threshold at said in-range vicinity of said short-range wireless
transmitter; and

one or more applications running on a processing unit in said mobile communication system;
wherein based on receiving said code, one function related to said one or more applications for said data communication in
said mobile communication system are modified;

wherein a configuration data is set by calling an application programming interface of a second module.
US Pat. No. 9,133,302

THERMOPLASTIC ELASTOMER COMPOSITIONS HAVING EXCELLENT THERMAL RESISTANCE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A thermoplastic elastomer composition having excellent thermal resistance, the thermoplastic elastomer composition comprising
a thermoplastic elastomer consisting of a hard segment and a soft segment; and
an amine-based additive,
wherein the hard segment is derived from (a) 1,4-butanediol (BDO), and (b) dimethylene terephthalate (DMT) or polybutylene
terephthalate (PBT), and the soft segment is derived from (a) polytetramethylene etherglycon (PTMEG), and (b) dimethylene
terephthalate (DMT) or polybutylene terephthalate (PBT),

wherein the amine-based additive is a combination of carbonyl-bis-caprolactam (CBC) and 1,3-phenylene-bis-oxazoline (1,3-PBO),
and the amount of the carbonyl-bis-caprolactam (CBC) is about 1˜3 parts by weight and the amount of the 1,3-phenylene-bis-oxazoline
(1,3-PBO) is about 1˜3 parts by weight, based on 100 parts by weight of the thermoplastic elastomer.

US Pat. No. 9,327,614

SYSTEM AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING MOTOR FOR REDUCING VIBRATION OF ELECTRIC VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A system of controlling a motor for reducing vibration of an electric vehicle, comprising:
a driving motor configured to operate as a power source;
an accelerator pedal position sensor configured to detect a position value of an accelerator pedal; and
a controller configured to calculate a virtual position value of the accelerator pedal limited to an increasing slope or a
descending slope based on the position value of the accelerator pedal, and output a final torque of the driving motor by applying
a vibration reduction torque gain based on the virtual position value of the accelerator pedal,

wherein the controller is configured to calculate the virtual position value of the accelerator pedal using a high pass filter
or a low pass filter.

US Pat. No. 9,156,437

REMOTE STARTING SYSTEM FOR VEHICLE AND CONTROL METHOD FOR THE SAME

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A control method for a remote starting system for a vehicle comprising:
(a) remote starting the vehicle through a remote terminal, wherein a remote start signal received from the remote terminal
is relayed to a telematics module of the vehicle, which transmits the remote start signal to a signal processing means through
a body control module of the vehicle so as to initiate the remote start;

(b) in response to remote starting the vehicle, activating a timer when a door of the vehicle is opened;
(c) once the timer is activated, searching a fob and certifying the fob when a driver's door is closed, a brake is operated,
or a predetermined time has elapsed on the timer without any operation in the vehicle;

(d) converting the vehicle from a remote start mode to a normal start mode when the fob is certified; and
(e) terminating the remote start when the fob is not certified.

US Pat. No. 9,360,085

GEAR TRAIN OF AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION FOR VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A gear train apparatus of an automatic transmission for a vehicle comprising:
an input shaft receiving a torque of an engine;
an output shaft outputting a changed torque;
a first planetary gear set including first, second, and third rotation elements and disposed on the input shaft;
a second planetary gear set including fourth, fifth, and sixth rotation elements and disposed on the input shaft;
a third planetary gear set including seventh, eighth, and ninth rotation elements and disposed on the input shaft;
a first rotation shaft directly connecting the first rotation element with a transmission housing;
a second rotation shaft directly connecting the third rotation element with the fourth rotation element;
a third rotation shaft directly connecting the second rotation element with the input shaft;
a fourth rotation shaft directly connecting the ninth rotation element with the output shaft;
a fifth rotation shaft directly connecting the fifth rotation element with the eighth rotation element and selectively connected
to the input shaft or the transmission housing;

a sixth rotation shaft connected to the sixth rotation element; and
a seventh rotation shaft connected to the seventh rotation element, and selectively connected to the second rotation shaft,
the third rotation shaft, the sixth rotation shaft, or the transmission housing,

wherein the first planetary gear set is a double pinion planetary gear set, wherein the first rotation element is a first
sun gear, the second rotation element is a first planet carrier, and the third rotation element is a first ring gear.

US Pat. No. 9,132,865

COWL STRUCTURE OF VEHICLE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A cowl structure of a vehicle comprising:
A-pillars arranged at opposing sides of a vehicle body extending in a vertical direction of the vehicle body;
an elongated apron upper member arranged on a front of each of the A-pillars and extending in a longitudinal direction of
the vehicle body;

a shock absorber housing formed under each of the apron upper members;
a cowl arranged between the apron upper members extending across a vehicle width direction of the vehicle body; and
an engine compartment extension panel extending between and interconnecting the cowl and the apron upper member to form an
extended planar surface on opposing sides of the cowl corresponding to the cowl,

wherein the A-pillar further comprises a cut-out portion formed thereon at a position adjacent a rear end of the apron upper
member, and the A-pillar extension panel is connected to the A-pillar to completely enclose the cut-out portion.

US Pat. No. 9,603,288

ELECTRONIC/ELECTRICAL COMPONENT HOUSING WITH STRIPS OF METAL PLATE AND SHAPE MEMORY MATERIAL FORMING A HEAT TRANSFER PATH

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A housing for electronic/electrical components using a shape memory material, comprising:
an inner panel and an outer panel disposed parallel to each other to define an internal space between the inner panel and
the outer panel;

a plurality of strips each made of metal plate and extending from an inner surface of the outer panel;
a plurality of strips each made of shape memory material and extending from an inner surface of the inner panel and configured
to attach to and detach from the plurality of strips each made of metal plate on the outer panel based on a temperature variation
in an ambient environment; and

wherein when the temperature of an internal heat source increases beyond a first transition temperature, the plurality of
strips each made of shape memory material form a heat transfer path by being straightened to contact the plurality of strips
each made of metal plate, whereas the plurality of strips each made of shape memory material are bent and separated from the
plurality of strips each made of metal plate to interrupt the heat transfer path when an ambient temperature falls below a
second transition temperature.

US Pat. No. 9,364,980

MOLDING APPARATUS FOR ROTOR OF MOTOR

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A molding apparatus for a rotor of a motor, which is adapted to perform a process of molding a rotor core through insert
injection-molding, the molding apparatus comprising:
an upper core and a lower core respectively disposed on upper and lower sides of the molding apparatus;
a rotor core interposed between the upper core and the lower core;
a slide core disposed on a side surface of the rotor core relative to the upper core and the lower core;
a lift core disposed at a bottom of the rotor core around the lower core, for pressing the rotor core while moving vertically;
and

a hydraulic slide mechanism for vertically moving the lift core through a forward or rearward linear movement.

US Pat. No. 9,365,356

FLOATING HANGER FOR ASSEMBLING VEHICLE BODY ROOF

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A floating hanger for assembling a vehicle body roof, which sets a roof panel at a home position of a roof surface of a
vehicle body which is transferred to a work position along a transfer line, the floating hanger comprising:
a fixing frame fixed at an arm of a robot;
a hanger frame configured to restrict the roof panel and installed at the fixing frame to be floatable in a width direction
of the vehicle body; and

a position corrector installed at the hanger frame and configured to float the hanger frame to a set position of the roof
panel by using pressure which is applied to both sides of the roof panel in a width direction,

wherein the position corrector includes: a bidirectional cylinder fixed at a center of a lower surface of the hanger frame;
moving brackets coupled with both operating rods of the bidirectional cylinder; and stopper members installed at ends of the
moving brackets and configured to restrict both sides of the roof panel, and

wherein the moving brackets are slidably coupled with guiders provided at the hanger frame by sliders.

US Pat. No. 9,238,418

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING POWER OF FUEL CELL VEHICLE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A method of controlling power of a fuel cell vehicle, comprising:
dividing an expected driving path of the fuel cell vehicle into a plurality of sections and setting the plurality of sections
according to a gradient;

comparing whether a predicted battery state of charge variation is within a battery charging or discharging allowance range
for each of the plurality of divided sections;

obtaining a predicted power using vehicle based information;
comparing the predicted power with maximum allowance power for each of the plurality of divided sections; and
setting the plurality of divided sections as a battery charging or discharging prohibition section and a battery charging
or discharging allowance section in advance according to a result of the comparison of the predicted battery state of charge
variation and the predicted power.

US Pat. No. 9,382,980

MULTI STAGE TRANSMISSION FOR VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A multi stage transmission for a vehicle, comprising:
an input shaft and an output shaft;
a first planetary gear device, a second planetary gear device, a third planetary gear device, and a fourth planetary gear
device provided to transfer a torque between the input shaft and the output shaft and each planetary gear set including three
rotating elements; and

at least six shift elements connected to at least one of the three rotating elements of the first, second, third, and fourth
planetary gear devices,

wherein a first rotating element of the first planetary gear device is fixedly connected to one of the at least six shift
elements, a second rotating element of the first planetary gear device is continuously connected to a second rotating element
of the third planetary gear device and a third rotating element of the fourth planetary gear device, and a third rotating
element of the first planetary gear device is continuously connected to a first rotating element of the second planetary gear
device and a third rotating element of the third planetary gear device,

a second rotating element of the second planetary gear device is continuously connected to the input shaft, the second rotating
element of the second planetary gear device is selectively connected to the third rotating element of the third planetary
gear device, and a third rotating element of the second planetary gear device is selectively connected to a first rotating
element of the third planetary gear device,

the first rotating element of the third planetary gear device is selectively connected to a first rotating element and a second
rotating element of the fourth planetary gear device, respectively, and

the first rotating element of the fourth planetary gear device is fixedly connected to another one of the at least six shift
elements and the second rotating element of the fourth planetary gear device is continuously connected to the output shaft.

US Pat. No. 9,047,401

EXCEPTION HANDLING TEST APPARATUS AND METHOD

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An exception handling test apparatus for a system including a device driver, a device manager, and an application, the
apparatus comprising:
a generation module configured to generate a modified device driver based on a defect model and information obtained from
the device manager;

a hooking module configured to hook the device driver using the modified device driver;
a scanning module configured to collect test information returned from the hooked modified device driver to the application
while the application operates; and

an analysis module configured to analyze the test information collected by the scanning module,
wherein if the test information indicates that a defect has occurred, the application performs exception handling according
to the generated defect, and

wherein if the exception handling is not normally performed, the analysis module analyzes the test information as at least
one of entire system down, some process down, an abnormal termination of some processes, an abnormal operation of some processes,
an abnormal return and no error code, and a normal return and incorrect error code return.

US Pat. No. 9,408,244

MULTIMEDIA TERMINAL, CONTROL METHOD THEREOF, AND RECORDING MEDIUM

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A control method for a multimedia terminal mounted in a vehicle, the method comprising:
establishing a connection to a mobile terminal operating an operating system (OS);
performing communication with the mobile terminal via the connection;
transmitting a message to the mobile terminal to determine whether the mobile terminal supports a first mode related to a
first OS operable on the mobile terminal; and

determining whether the mobile terminal supports the first mode or supports a second mode related to a second OS operable
on the mobile terminal different from the first mode based on terminal identification (ID) information transmitted from the
mobile terminal.

US Pat. No. 9,333,594

LEAD-FREE SOLDER COMPOSITION FOR GLASS

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A composition, consisting of:
indium (In) in an amount from about 30.0 wt % to about 60.0 wt %;
zinc (Zn) in an amount from about 0.01 wt % to 11.0 wt %;
at least two elements selected from the group consisting of: copper (Cu) in an amount from about 0.1 wt % to about 3.0 wt
%, manganese (Mn) in an amount from about 0.01 wt % to about 0.5 wt % and nickel (Ni) in an amount from about 0.01 wt % to
about 0.5 wt %; and

tin (Sn) as the remaining component.

US Pat. No. 9,076,047

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR RECOGNIZING PARKING SPACE LINE MARKINGS FOR VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A method for recognizing a parking space line marking for a vehicle, comprising:
detecting, by a processor, a plurality of parking spaces from a portion of a parking space line marking in an image;
calculating, by the processor, an overlap coefficient representing a degree of overlap between the detected plurality of parking
spaces;

calculating, by the processor, a brightness coefficient of the detected plurality of parking spaces; and
selecting, by the processor, one parking space from the detected plurality of parking spaces having a largest brightness coefficient
as a final parking space by determining an overlap when the overlap coefficient includes a predetermined dimension and comparing
brightness degrees of the overlapped parking spaces.

US Pat. No. 9,394,833

CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTINUOUSLY VARIABLE VALVE LIFT APPARATUS

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A method of controlling a continuously variable valve lift apparatus, the method comprising:
determining, by a control unit, a desired valve lift of the continuously variable valve lift apparatus based on a driving
status;

determining, by the control unit, a first correction factor based on the driving status;
determining, by the control unit, a second correction factor based on an amount of air flowing into an engine;
determining, by the control unit, a final correction factor from the first correction factor and the second correction factor
wherein the final correction factor is determined by multiplying the first correction factor by the second correction factor;

determining, by the control unit, a critical value of operation inclination of the valve lift, wherein the critical value
is preset based on the final correction factor and an operation status of a transmission; and

controlling, by the control unit, the operation of the continuously variable valve lift apparatus on the basis of the determined
desired valve lift within the critical value of the operation inclination of the valve lift.

US Pat. No. 9,178,229

MEMBRANE HUMIDIFIER FOR FUEL CELL

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A membrane humidifier for a fuel cell, comprising:
a hollow housing having a humid air inlet formed at one end thereof and a humid air outlet formed at the other end thereof;
a joint member formed integrally with an inner circumferential surface of the hollow housing;
a plurality of internal partition modules coupled to the joint member, arranged adjacent to each other in the hollow housing,
and having a plurality of humid air guiding apertures passing therethrough; and

a plurality of hollow fiber membrane bundles disposed in the plurality of internal partition modules, respectively,
wherein an internal flow path is formed between the internal partition modules and an outer flow path is formed between the
outer sidewalls of the respective internal partition modules and the inner circumferential surface of the housing, and

wherein the respective hollow fiber membrane bundles are connected to the internal flow path and the outer flow path through
the plurality of humid air guiding apertures,

wherein the internal partition module has a fan-shaped cross-section and is opened in both forward and backward directions
to allow the hollow fiber membrane bundle to pass through, and has the humid air guiding apertures penetrating through sidewalls
thereof.

US Pat. No. 9,136,075

SWITCH MODULE BUILT IN STEERING WHEEL

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A switch module comprising:
an input switch module;
a feedback module; and
a controller configured to receive signals from the input switch module and output a signal to a device and to the feedback
module, the switch module being built into a grip portion of a steering wheel,

wherein the input switch module comprises:
a first securing block with a first end and a second end,
a displaceable block with a first end, a second end, and a circumferential portion, wherein the first end of the displaceable
block is torsionally displaceably mounted to the second end of the first securing block by a bonding substance of a flexible
material,

a connecting block with a first end and a second end, wherein the first end of the connecting block is connected to the second
end of the displacement block, and a six-axis force-torque sensor is sandwiched between the displacement block and the connecting
block,

a second securing block with a first end, a second end, and a circumferential portion, wherein the first end of the second
securing block is mounted to the second end of the connecting block, and

a plurality of input links connecting the circumferential portion of the displacement block to the circumferential portion
of the second securing block, wherein the plurality of input links are equidistantly spaced around the circumferential surfaces
of the displacement block and the second securing block, and configured to apply a force or a torque to the six-axis force-torque
sensor.

US Pat. No. 9,256,325

CURVED DISPLAY APPARATUS FOR VEHICLE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A curved display apparatus for a vehicle, comprising:
a projector configured to project an image onto a predetermined projection area;
a first mirror configured to reflect the image projected from the projector;
a second mirror configured to reflect the image reflected from the first mirror;
a curved screen configured to display the image reflected from the second mirror;
an infrared illuminator configured to output infrared rays onto the curved screen;
an infrared camera configured to capture an infrared image of the curved screen; and
a controller configured to determine the image displayed on the curved screen and control the projector according to the determined
image,

wherein the controller is configured to determine a light reflection area on the curved screen based on the infrared image
and control the projector to rearrange an image that is displayed in the light reflection area.

US Pat. No. 9,212,593

STRUCTURE OF DUAL EXHAUST SYSTEM FOR CDA ENGINE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A structure of a dual exhaust system for a cylinder deactivation (CDA) engine, comprising:
two inlet pipes through which exhaust gas emitted from an engine of a vehicle is introduced into two main mufflers, respectively;
two outlet pipes, each of which protrudes and extends from an inside of a corresponding main muffler to an outside of the
corresponding main muffler, wherein each of the two outlet pipes releases the exhaust gas passing through the corresponding
main muffler to an outside of the vehicle therethrough;

a connecting pipe disposed in a vehicle width direction and connecting between the two main mufflers; and
a valve mounted on one outlet pipe of the two outlet pipes to open and close the one outlet pipe,
wherein when the valve is closed, the exhaust gas passing through one of the main mufflers is introduced into the other main
muffler of the two outlet pipes through the connecting pipe and then is emitted to the outside of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,148,939

APPARATUS FOR REMOVING STATIC ELECTRICITY OF FUEL CELL STACK MANUFACTURING DEVICE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. An apparatus for removing static electricity for a fuel cell stack manufacturing device, the apparatus comprising:
a cartridge in which a plurality of Membrane Electrode Assemblies (MEAs) and an interleaf inserted between the MEAs are disposed,
the cartridge delivering the MEAs to the fuel cell stack manufacturing device;

an air nozzle portion disposed in an upper portion of the cartridge and comprising an air flow channel for air movement;
a plurality of nozzle holes defined along an inner side of the air nozzle portion, which faces the MEAs disposed in the cartridge,
to communicate with the air flow channel; and

an air inlet portion configured to be supplied with ionized air from the outside to deliver the ionized air to the air flow
channel of the air nozzle portion.

US Pat. No. 9,096,709

PREPARATION METHOD OF FLEXIBLE POLYLACTIDE STEREOCOMPLEX AND THE COMPOUND THEREOF

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A polylactide stereocomplex prepared by a method comprising:
(i) adding poly D-lactide-caprolactone copolymer and poly L-lactide polymer to a reactor; and
(ii) adding an organic solvent to the reactor and then injecting a supercritical fluid to form the polylactide stereocomplex
comprising the poly D-lactide-caprolactone copolymer and poly L-lactide polymer,

wherein the poly D-lactide-caprolactone copolymer comprises a ratio of poly D-lactide to polycaprolactone of about 99.5:0.5
to about 95:5.0.

US Pat. No. 9,472,824

FUEL CELL STACK

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A fuel cell stack comprising:
a separator having two or more divided separators each having a structure in which manifolds that supply hydrogen, coolant
and air are formed and each divided separator comprising a reaction area;

a gas diffusion layer stacked on each of the reaction areas of the two or more divided separators, each of the reaction area
consisting of flat lands that are in direct contact with the gas diffusion layer and channels each located between the lands
and serving as a passage of the fuel such as hydrogen and air; and

a membrane electrode assembly stacked on the gas diffusion layer,
wherein a gasket is formed along edges of the reaction areas of the two or more divided separators and along edges of the
respective manifolds, and the gasket is formed on a boundary between the two or more divided separators formed on the same
plane of the separator such that the two or more divided separators are connected on the same plane of the separator in an
insulated manner and the reaction areas formed on the two or more divided separators are connected to each other in an insulated
manner.

US Pat. No. 9,361,529

PARKING AREA DETECTING APPARATUS AND METHOD THEREOF

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A parking area detecting method, comprising:
generating a top view image by capturing images of surroundings of a vehicle;
detecting a first directional parking line from the top view image;
detecting at least one second directional parking line having a direction different from that of the first directional parking
line from the top view image; and

detecting a parking area by combining the first directional parking line and the second directional parking line;
wherein the detecting of the parking area includes:
detecting a square area defined by connecting the first directional parking line and the at least one second directional parking
line; and

determining the square area as the parking area.

US Pat. No. 9,472,815

SEPARATOR FOR FUEL CELL AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A separator for a fuel cell, the separator comprising:
an upper metal plate having opposing main sides including a first and a second composite material layer coated on both sides
thereof, wherein carbon nanotubes are grown on both sides of the upper metal plate where the composite material layers are
coated; and

a lower metal plate having opposing main sides stacked on a bottom of the upper metal plate and including a third and a fourth
composite material layer coated on both sides thereof, wherein carbon nanotubes are grown on both sides of the lower metal
plate where the composite material layers are coated,

wherein the second and third composite material layers between the upper metal plate and the lower metal plate are integrally
bonded, before being solidified, to form a single intermediate composite material layer, and

the carbon nanotubes grown on the upper metal plate at the side of the second composite material layer and the carbon nanotubes
grown on the lower metal plate at the side of the third composite material layer are directly connected to each other.

US Pat. No. 9,468,027

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A BLUETOOTH CONNECTION

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A method for controlling a Bluetooth connection, comprising steps of:
connecting a terminal with a vehicle through a Bluetooth connection;
disconnecting the Bluetooth connection according to a disconnection request of the terminal;
automatically determining whether a Bluetooth communication of the terminal is available or not in the vehicle, when the disconnection
of the Bluetooth connection is detected,

wherein the step of automatically determining whether a Bluetooth communication of the terminal is available or not includes
determining whether the Bluetooth communication is available or not to a previous terminal which has been connected immediately
before the step of disconnecting the Bluetooth connection, and when the Bluetooth connection between the previous terminal
and the vehicle is not established, determining whether the Bluetooth communication is available from a highest priority terminal
of terminals registered in a terminal registration mode for the Bluetooth connection of the vehicle in order of priority,
by eliminating duplicate attempts of the Bluetooth requests;

requesting the Bluetooth connection again from the vehicle to the terminal, when receiving from the terminal a response indicating
the Bluetooth communication is available; and

connecting the vehicle and the terminal by requesting the Bluetooth connection again.

US Pat. No. 9,455,458

HYDROGEN SUPPLY APPARATUS OF FUEL CELL STACK

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A hydrogen supply apparatus of fuel cell stack comprising:
a plurality of unit cells, each unit cell of the plurality of unit cells comprising a membrane electrode assembly, a separating
plate disposed on two sides of the membrane electrode assembly, a coolant path, an air path, a fuel path, and an air inlet
manifold communicated with the air path;

an end plate disposed on each end of the plurality of unit cells, the end plate forming an air inlet manifold disposed corresponding
to the air inlet manifold of the separating plate; and

a hydrogen supply apparatus provided in the air inlet manifold of the separating plate and the air inlet manifold of the end
plate, the hydrogen supply apparatus selectively supplying hydrogen to the cathode through the air path,

wherein the hydrogen supply apparatus includes:
a hydrogen pipe provided in the air inlet manifold of the separating plate and the air inlet manifold of the end plate, and
forming a hydrogen outlet; and

a supply pipe provided inside or outside of the hydrogen pipe, connected to be rotated by driving torque of a motor, and forming
a hydrogen supply aperture selectively communicating with the hydrogen outlet of the hydrogen pipe.

US Pat. No. 9,392,091

HANDS-FREE APPARATUS FOR VEHICLE AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING THE SAME

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A method of controlling a hands-free system for a vehicle, the method comprising:
connecting with a cellular phone through local area communication;
entering a call conversation state when a hands-free function activates;
receiving a call termination command from a driver;
transmitting a call termination message to the connected cellular phone; and
retransmitting, when a success message is not received from the connected cellular phone in response to the call termination
message, the call termination message by a preset number of times until the success message is received.

US Pat. No. 9,385,371

POSITIVE ELECTRODE MATERIAL FOR SECONDARY BATTERY AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A method for manufacturing a positive electrode material for a secondary battery having a particle size of about 1 to about
100 nm, exhibiting a potential plateau during discharge between about 3.7 to about 4.0 V, coated with carbon to improve conductivity
and comprising a compound represented by [Formula 1], the method comprising:
pretreating a mixture which is formed by uniformly mixing a lithium (Li) oxide or a precursor thereof, and/or a sodium (Na)
oxide or a precursor thereof, a manganese (Mn) oxide or a precursor thereof, a phosphorus (P) oxide or a precursor thereof,
and as fluoride (F) or a precursor thereof using a mixing device; and

heat treating the mixture with a first carbon conductive material which is added to the mixture obtained after pretreating
and uniformly mixed with the mixture using the mixing device, wherein the resulting mixture thereof is sintered:

[Formula 1] AxMnPO4F

wherein A is lithium (Li), sodium (Na), or a mixture thereof and 0 wherein in pretreating, the mixture is uniformly mixed using a ball mill for 6 hours and subjected to pretreatment under air
atmosphere at 300° C. for 2 hours,

wherein the first carbon conductive material is citric acid.

US Pat. No. 9,365,219

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING START OF VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A method for controlling the start of a vehicle, comprising:
determining, by a controller, whether a high voltage battery of a vehicle is submerged;
warning and outputting, by the controller, a warning signal when the high voltage battery is submerged;
cutting off power and turning OFF the vehicle ignition or start of the vehicle after outputting the warning signal, by the
controller; and

determining, by the controller, whether the vehicle is driving after outputting the submersion warning when the high voltage
battery is submerged,

wherein the submersion determination includes a first submersion determination for determining whether the high voltage battery
is submerged when the ignition of the vehicle is turned ON, and

wherein the submersion determination a second submersion determination for determining whether the high voltage battery is
submerged when the start of the vehicle is turned ON.

US Pat. No. 9,285,284

TORQUE ESTIMATION METHOD FOR TRANSMISSION CLUTCH

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A method of estimating a torque of a transmission clutch, comprising:
correcting, by a controller, an error of the torque by deducing an engine transient torque based on an engine angular velocity
measured using a sensor, an engine static torque deduced using a data map, and a load torque depending on a driving load;

deducing, by the controller, an engine angular velocity estimation value based on the engine static torque and the engine
transient torque;

deducing, by the controller, a clutch torque estimation value depending on a slip in the transmission clutch from a difference
between the engine angular velocity estimation value and the measured engine angular velocity; and

controlling, by the controller, the transmission clutch, using the clutch torque estimation value.

US Pat. No. 9,371,026

TABLE APPARATUS FOR REAR SEAT PASSENGERS

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A table apparatus for rear seat passengers, comprising:
a table housing rotatable upwards and downwards around a support shaft coupled to a sidewall of a rear console;
a movable body movable along a guide provided in the table housing;
a rotating body coupled to the movable body by a body shaft and rotatable upwards and downwards with respect to the movable
body;

a table coupled to the rotating body by a table shaft and rotatable leftwards and rightwards with respect to the rotating
body;

a table tilting unit provided in the movable body and the rotating body, the table tilting unit controlling a rotation angle
of the rotating body to determine a tilting angle of the table; and

a rotating roller rotatably coupled to the movable body by a roller shaft, wherein the rotating roller is brought into contact
with a front edge of the rotating body, wherein the rotating roller assists movement of the rotating body when the rotating
body rotates around the body shaft.

US Pat. No. 9,360,371

SENSOR UNIT

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A sensor unit, comprising:
a mounting portion fixed on one side of the sensor unit on an interior wall of a vehicle;
an elastic member including a first end and a second end, the first end being disposed on the mounting portion;
a transmission portion configured to transmit a detectable signal, the transmission portion disposed on the second end of
the elastic member;

a reception portion configured to receive a reflection of the detectable signal; and
a controller that determines whether the reflected signal indicates an impact, motion, or impending impact,
wherein the transmission portion includes an infrared LED that transmits an infrared signal, a transmission signal processing
controller that modulates the infrared signal, and a LED driver that adjusts the modulated infrared signal of the transmission
signal processing control portion and transmits the infrared signal via the infrared LED,

wherein the LED driver and the infrared LED transfer the infrared signal through the elastic member,
wherein a radiation surface of the transmission portion is a lattice type, and
wherein the lattice type radiation surface has one or more radiation surfaces configured to have one or more different radiation
angles.

US Pat. No. 9,458,788

INJECTOR DRIVER AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING THE SAME

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An injector driver, comprising:
a plurality of driving switches configured to operate an injector; and
a driving semiconductor configured to:
drive the driving switches;
determine a short defect of the injector during an idle mode; and
detect and store the defective short in a channel unit,
wherein the driving semiconductor includes a controller configured to:
monitor a connection node short between the driving switches and the injector;
store the monitored connection node short in a register; and
read information stored in the register to determine a short defect location of the injector.

US Pat. No. 9,454,176

PEDAL OPERATING APPARATUS OF VEHICLE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A pedal operating apparatus for a vehicle, comprising:
a pedal member configured to be fixed to a vehicle body panel, have a hinge shaft provided at a back end thereof, and be provided
with a height controller above the hinge shaft;

a pedal arm configured with an upper end rotatably installed at the hinge shaft of the pedal member, the upper end being provided
with a protrusion protruding forward; and

a pedal effort controller configured with an elastic member rotatably installed at a front portion of the pedal arm in the
pedal member and having a length elastically changeable, and a switching member extending and bent downwardly from the elastic
member to be connected to the protrusion of the pedal arm and having a bent portion contacting the height controller to be
supported thereby, the pedal effort controller pressing the protrusion downwardly through the switching member by elastic
force of the elastic member at an initial position of the pedal arm and pushing the protrusion upward by rotating along with
the protrusion when the pedal arm is rotating.

US Pat. No. 9,108,572

BUMPER CARRIER DEVICE FOR VEHICLE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A bumper carrier device for a vehicle, comprising:
a carrier bar that extends in a left and right direction;
two towing brackets which are separated from each other, are rotatably mounted to the carrier bar, protrude toward a body
of a vehicle, and are provided with screws at leading ends thereof, respectively;

a bracket rotating unit that is mounted to the carrier bar and rotates one of the towing brackets relative to the carrier
bar to couple or decouple the one of the towing brackets to or from a bumper back beam of the vehicle in a screwed manner;
and

a linking unit that transmits operational force of the bracket rotating unit to the remaining towing bracket to couple or
decouple the remaining towing bracket to or from the bumper back beam of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,468,074

VEHICLE LIGHTING CONTROL SYSTEM USING WEARABLE GLASSES AND METHOD FOR THE SAME

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A vehicle lighting control system, comprising:
wearable glasses recognizing pupils of a driver in a vehicle in real time;
a head unit receiving a size of the pupils of the driver from the wearable glasses and acquiring brightness control values
of a plurality of lighting devices installed in the vehicle according to a predetermined formula; and

a controller adjusting brightness of the plurality of lighting devices according to the brightness control values received
from the head unit.

US Pat. No. 9,376,105

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING ENGINE CLUTCH OF HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An apparatus for controlling an engine clutch of a hybrid electric vehicle, comprising:
a driving information detector to detect demand information for driving and state information of the hybrid electric vehicle;
the engine clutch selectively connecting an engine and a motor generating power; and
a controller receiving information from the driving information detector and changing a driving mode of the hybrid electric
vehicle by controlling an operation of the engine clutch,

wherein the controller controls a standby hydraulic pressure of the engine clutch differently according to a mode changing
condition when the driving mode of the hybrid electric vehicle is changed from an Electric Vehicle (EV) mode to a Hybrid Electric
Vehicle (HEV) mode, and

wherein the controller controls the standby hydraulic pressure of the engine clutch differently according to gradients of
an engine speed and a motor speed when the driving mode of the hybrid electric vehicle is changed from the EV mode to the
HEV mode.

US Pat. No. 9,233,663

WIPER LEVER ASSEMBLY AND WIPER BLADE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A wiper lever assembly comprising:
a lever member configured to grip a rubber blade disposed thereunder; and
an end cover member configured to cover an end of the lever member from above, and which includes a plurality of claws formed
on both lateral sides thereof, the plurality of claws extending in an inward direction from the end cover and engaging with
both lateral sides of a lower surface of the lever member to grip the lever member,

wherein the end cover member includes a support wall which is formed at a center of the end cover member in a width direction
and is extended in a downward direction therefrom,

wherein the lever member includes a receptor in which the support wall is fitted from above, and
wherein the claws are formed at two positions of the end cover member spaced apart from each other in a longitudinal direction.

US Pat. No. 9,453,560

MULTI-STAGE TRANSMISSION FOR VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A multi-stage transmission for a vehicle comprising:
an input shaft;
an output shaft;
first to fourth planetary gear devices disposed between the input shaft and the output shaft to transmit rotary force, each
of the first to fourth planetary gear devices having three rotary elements; and

at least six shifting elements connected to the rotary elements of the planetary gear devices,
wherein a first rotary element of the first planetary gear device is selectively connected to each of a first rotary element
and a second rotary element of the second planetary gear device, a second rotary element of the first planetary gear device
is continuously connected to a second rotary element of the third planetary gear device while being installed to be fixable
by one shifting element from among the at least six shifting elements, and a third rotary element of the first planetary gear
device is selectively connected to each of a third rotary element of third planetary gear device and a second rotary element
of the fourth planetary device,

wherein the first rotary element of the second planetary gear device is installed to be fixable by another shifting element
from among the at least six shifting elements, the second rotary element of the second planetary gear device is continuously
connected to the input shaft, and a third rotary element of the second planetary gear device is continuously connected to
a first rotary element of the third planetary gear device,

wherein the first rotary element of the third planetary gear device is continuously connected to a first rotary element of
the fourth planetary gear device and the second rotary element of the third planetary gear device is continuously connected
to a third rotary element of the fourth planetary gear device, and

wherein the second rotary element of the fourth planetary gear device is continuously connected to the output shaft.

US Pat. No. 9,259,997

STRUCTURE OF CENTER REINFORCEMENT FOR PANORAMA SUNROOF

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A center reinforcement structure of a panoramic sunroof coupled in a vehicle width direction between a front glass and
a rear glass disposed at a ceiling of a vehicle, the center reinforcement structure comprising:
a frame disposed in the vehicle width direction, and having one end attached and fixedly coupled to a lower portion of the
rear glass; and

a first center reinforcement coupled to a lower portion of the frame, and having a first closed cross-sectional portion formed
at a first side of the first center reinforcement by sequentially bending a first plate so as to provide a first closed space,
and a first joint portion formed at a second side of the first center reinforcement by overlapping both ends of the first
plate substantially in parallel so that the both ends of the first plate are in surface contact with each other,

wherein the frame is formed in a shape bent downward at a center portion of the frame, and also bent in a substantially horizontal
direction, the frame having a shape substantially identical to a shape of an upper surface of the first center reinforcement,
and

wherein an upper surface of the first closed cross-sectional portion of the first center reinforcement is joined to a first
side of the lower portion of the frame, and an upper surface of the first joint portion of the first center reinforcement
is joined to a second side of the lower portion of the frame.

US Pat. No. 9,423,023

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR PROTECTING DRIVE SHAFT

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A drive shaft protection apparatus comprising:
a Revolutions Per Minute (RPM) detection device configured to detect an RPM of an engine and of a turbine;
a gear-shifting detection device configured to detect a lever position of a transmission;
a steering-angle detection device configured to detect a steering angle;
an accelerator pedal position detection device configured to detect a displacement of an accelerator pedal;
an engine-torque detection device configured to detect an engine torque of a vehicle;
a loss-torque detection device configured to detect loss torque of the vehicle; and
a controller configured to change a limit torque based on a bending angle of a drive shaft upon receiving the steering angle,
and variably perform engine torque reduction control in a manner that torque applied to the drive shaft does not exceed the
limit torque in response to output signals of the respective detection devices.

US Pat. No. 9,276,397

DRIVE CONTROL METHOD BASED ON DETECTED DIELECTRIC BREAKDOWN

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A drive control method based on detected dielectric breakdown, the method comprising steps of:
determining whether dielectric breakdown of a high voltage system of a vehicle occurs by measuring entire dielectric resistance
of the vehicle;

individually determining whether dielectric breakdown of high voltage components, which include a high voltage battery, for
the high voltage system occurs according to whether or not a switch for electrically connecting the high voltage battery with
the remaining high voltage components other than the high voltage battery among the high voltage components is opened and
a condition of each of the high voltage components when the dielectric breakdown of the high voltage system occurs; and

stopping an operation of the high voltage components, the dielectric breakdown of which occurs, when the dielectric breakdown
of high voltage components, which do not affect vehicle driving among the high voltage components, occurs, according to an
individual determination result,

wherein the step of individually determining includes determining that dielectric breakdown of the high voltage battery occurs
when the vehicle is in an on state and the switch is in an off state, and

wherein the step of individually determining includes determining whether dielectric breakdown of the remaining high voltage
components occurs when the switch is in an on state.

US Pat. No. 9,233,601

STRUCTURE OF SUNROOF DEFLECTOR

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A structure of a sunroof deflector comprising:
a roof panel which is disposed at a ceiling of a vehicle, and has an opening portion that is openable and closable by a sunroof
glass;

a sunroof frame which is coupled around the opening portion, and includes a front frame that is coupled at a front side of
the opening portion, a rear frame that is coupled at a rear side of the opening portion, and a pair of side frames that is
coupled to lateral sides of the opening portion;

a deflector bracket which is disposed between a rainwater drainage portion and a sealing weather strip that are formed at
the front frame, and coupled in a vehicle width direction;

a first deflector which is accommodated in the deflector bracket to be slidable upward and downward, selectively protrudes
to an outside of the opening portion, and has a first catching portion formed to a rear surface of an upper end thereof;

a second deflector which is accommodated in the deflector bracket to be slidable upward and downward, selectively protrudes
to the outside of the opening portion, and has a second catching portion that is formed to a front surface of a lower end
thereof and protrudes to be selectively caught by the first catching portion; and

at least a deflector arm, the deflector arm including a rear end portion rotatably coupled to one of the side frames, and
a front end portion coupled to a side of an upper end of the second deflector to move the second deflector upward and downward,

wherein when the second deflector is moved upward in a state in which the second catching portion is caught by the first catching
portion, the first deflector protrudes to the outside of the opening portion.

US Pat. No. 9,283,957

HYDRAULIC PRESSURE INSTRUCTION-LEARNING APPARATUS FOR HYBRID VEHICLE AND METHOD USING THE SAME

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A hydraulic pressure instruction-learning apparatus of a hybrid vehicle, comprising:
a power source including an engine and a motor;
an engine clutch disposed between the engine and the motor; and
a vehicle controller configured to output a hydraulic pressure instruction to control engagement/disengagement of the engine
clutch,

wherein the vehicle controller compares output performance of the engine clutch with predetermined dynamic target performance
in a launch control, extracts a performance error function if a difference therebetween exceeds a predetermined allowable
error range, and corrects the output performance of the engine clutch such that the output performance falls within the predetermined
allowable error range and is stored as a learned value.

US Pat. No. 9,174,581

DOOR STEP DEVICE FOR VEHICLE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A door step device for a vehicle, comprising:
a step panel;
a rack gear part extending from the step panel to be inserted into the vehicle and having a locking groove formed at a side
thereof;

a pinion gear part mounted on the vehicle through a rotating shaft, and gear-meshed with the rack gear part, wherein the pinion
gear part rotates by power from a driving motor;

a tilting operation part including a projection pin projecting at a point spaced a predetermined distance rearward of the
pinion gear part in the vehicle to be locked to the locking groove of the rack gear part to provide a rotating center of the
rack gear part, the tilting operation part further including a solenoid adjusting a projected amount of the projection pin;
and

a control unit which controls the driving motor to draw the rack gear part and controls the solenoid to project the projection
pin into the locking groove of the drawn rack gear part, thus enabling the rack gear part and the step panel to be tilted
about the projection pin toward a ground.

US Pat. No. 9,096,221

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING CHARGING AND DISCHARGING FOR A HYBRID VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A method of controlling charging and discharging for a hybrid vehicle, wherein the hybrid vehicle includes a motor operated
by power of a battery and an integrated starter-generator (ISG) configured to start an engine or generate electric power by
torque of the engine, the method comprising:
changing, by a control unit, a running mode of the hybrid vehicle to a regenerative braking mode when the hybrid vehicle is
coasting;

controlling, by the control unit, the motor to generate electric power in the regenerative braking mode;
determining, by the control unit, whether a state of charge (SOC) of the battery is a charge limiting state; and
operating, by the control unit, the ISG by electric power generated by the motor when the SOC of the battery is the charge
limiting state.

US Pat. No. 9,284,878

VARIABLE COMPRESSION RATIO DEVICE AND INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE USING THE SAME

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A variable compression ratio device comprising:
a main piston that moves in a reciprocating manner;
a main combustion chamber, a volume thereof is varied by the main piston;
a sub-compression chamber communicating with the main combustion chamber;
a sub-piston configured to reciprocate in the sub-compression chamber to vary a volume of the sub-compression chamber; and
a sub-piston reciprocating unit that reciprocates the sub-piston,
wherein the sub-piston reciprocating unit comprises:
a connecting rod one end thereof is connected to the sub-piston;
an eccentric cam coupled to the other end of the connecting rod; and
a rotating unit that rotates the eccentric cam,
wherein the eccentric cam is of a circular shape, and
wherein an eccentric rotary shaft is provided in the eccentric cam to rotatably connect the eccentric cam to the rotating
unit.

US Pat. No. 9,266,526

HYBRID VEHICLE AND CONTROL METHOD FOR THE SAME

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A hybrid vehicle comprising:
an automatic transmission;
a motor connected to the automatic transmission;
an engine;
an engine clutch for selectively connecting the motor and the engine to each other;
a battery configured to supply power to the motor;
an accelerator pedal sensor;
a motor speed sensor;
a vehicle speed sensor;
a memory configured to store a motor reference speed based on battery discharging power and a transmission input shaft target
reference speed based on battery discharging power;

an engine speed sensor; and
a controller configured to:
receive corresponding output signals from the accelerator pedal sensor, the motor speed sensor, the vehicle speed sensor,
and the engine speed sensor, respectively;

receive a discharging power signal of the battery; and
operate the automatic transmission, the motor, the engine, and the engine clutch,
wherein, upon determining that a current driving mode of the vehicle is an electric vehicle (EV) mode, that kick-down shift
is required based on a signal of the accelerator pedal sensor, and a signal of the vehicle speed sensor and a current gear
stage of gear shift, and that the driving mode of the vehicle needs to be converted into a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) mode,
the controller is further configured to:

start the engine;
compare current motor speed and the motor reference speed based on discharging power of the battery;
calculate transmission input shaft target speed based on the kick-down;
compare the transmission input shaft target speed based on the kick-down with the transmission input shaft target reference
speed based on the battery discharging power;

determine a control order of the kick-down shift and engagement of the engine clutch; and
operate the motor, the engine, the automatic transmission, and the engine clutch in the control order.

US Pat. No. 9,180,756

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR DETECTING DRIVER'S DAZZLING AND SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR BLOCKING DAZZLING USING THE SAME

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A method for blocking dazzling, comprising: detecting, by a dazzling detector, a facial area and an eye area of a driver's
facial image;
detecting, by the dazzling detector, an incident area to which direct sunlight is incident in the facial area;
determining, by the dazzling detector, whether dazzling is affecting the driver's driving ability when the eye area is included
in the area to which the direct sunlight is incident;

recognizing, by an incident area shape recognizer, a shape of the incident area; detecting, by an incident direction detector,
an incident direction based on a shape of the recognized incident area and the detected facial area, wherein the detecting
of the incident direction includes:

approximating, by a boundary line approximator, a boundary line between the shape of the recognized incident area and the
detected facial area to a straight line;

determining, by a slope determiner, the incident direction of the direct sunlight by calculating a slope of the straight line;
and

operating and adjusting, by a blocking apparatus driver, a blocking apparatus to block direct sunlight from the detected incident
direction,

wherein the determining of the incident direction includes:
determining the incident direction as lateral incidence when the slope of the straight line satisfies a vertical range,
determining the incident direction as front incidence when the slope of the straight line satisfies a horizontal range, and
determining the incident direction as lateral and front incidence in cases other than the first and second determination.

US Pat. No. 9,266,475

RUNNING BOARD ASSEMBLY FOR VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A running board assembly for a vehicle, comprising:
a motor which supplies power;
a transmission engaged with the motor to transmit a power of the motor;
a rack gear which is disposed in a transverse direction of a vehicle body with a side of the rack gear connected to a body
of a running board, wherein the rack gear is engaged with the transmission; and

a motion control unit which selectively transmits power from the transmission to the rack gear to control a motion of the
rack gear to allow a sliding motion and a pivot motion of the rack gear,

wherein the motion control unit includes a first solenoid unit selectively engaged with the rack gear and a second solenoid
unit selectively engaged with the rack gear for controlling the sliding motion and the pivot motion of the running board.

US Pat. No. 9,270,153

ENERGY REGENERATION DEVICE OF SUSPENSION SYSTEM FOR VEHICLE REGENERATING ROTATIONAL KINETIC ENERGY GENERATED FROM WHEELS INTO ELECTRIC ENERGY

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An energy regeneration device of a suspension system for a vehicle, the device comprising:
a suspension link that connects a wheel carrier to a vehicle body;
a bushing unit that is disposed between a vehicle body connection portion of the suspension link and the vehicle body and
outputs hinge motion of the suspension link through an output gear;

a one-way power transmission mechanism that is engaged with the output gear of the bushing unit, receives the hinge motion
transmitted from the output gear through an input gear, and outputs only one-way rotational power; and

a generator that is disposed at a first side of the vehicle body, is engaged with the one-way power transmission mechanism,
and generates electricity while being rotated by the transmitted one-way rotational power;

wherein the bushing unit comprises:
an outer pipe combined with the vehicle body connection portion of the suspension link wherein a plurality of rotation protrusions
are formed to an internal circumference of the outer pipe;

an inner pipe disposed inside the outer pipe and fixed to a second side of the vehicle body;
a rubber bushing disposed between the outer pipe and the inner pipe and bonded to the outer pipe;
wherein the output gear is coupled with the rubber bushing through an inner extension that extends between the rubber bushing
and the inner pipe, wherein a plurality of supporting protrusions are formed to an external circumference of the inner extension;

a bearing support ring fixed to an inner side of the inner extension of the output gear; and
a first bearing disposed on an outer side of the inner pipe in friction contact with the bearing support ring.

US Pat. No. 9,269,962

APPARATUS AND METHOD OF PRINTING CATALYST ON ELECTROLYTE MEMBRANE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A method of printing catalyst on an electrolyte membrane, comprising:
manufacturing an ink for the catalyst;
injecting the ink toward the electrolyte membrane through an injecting hole;
applying ultrasonic energy to the injected ink by using a vibrator provided between the injecting hole and the electrolyte
membrane; and

coating the catalyst on the electrolyte membrane by dispersing the ink comprising the catalyst uniformly while applying the
ultrasonic energy, the dispersed ink contacting the electrolyte membrane in a predetermined pattern.

US Pat. No. 9,338,929

JUNCTION BOX FOR VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A junction box for a vehicle, comprising:
at least one printed circuit board including a metal core;
a heat transfer member formed at an edge of the printed circuit board; and
a case in which at least one printed circuit board is disposed,
wherein the heat transfer member contacts the inner surface of the case.
US Pat. No. 9,279,053

POLYCARBONATE RESIN COMPOSITION

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A polycarbonate resin composition, based on thermoplastic resin 100 parts by weight, comprising
a polycarbonate resin 60 to 80 wt %;
a polycarbonate-polysiloxane copolymer resin 20 to 40 wt %;
a pearl metal particle 1 to 4 parts by weight; and
a colorant 0.1 to 10 parts by weight,
wherein the pearl metal particle is a mica whose surface is coated with a metal oxide and has an average particle size of
5 to 35 ?m, and

wherein the colorant is titanium dioxide (TiO2).

US Pat. No. 9,177,711

HEAT DISSIPATION STRUCTURE OF TRANSFORMER

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A heat dissipation structure of a transformer, comprising:
a hollow shaped bobbin wound with a primary coil and a secondary coil;
a core surrounding an inside and an outside of the bobbin by combining a pair of upper cores with a pair of lower cores so
that the bobbin is covered by and disposed inside the pair of upper cores and the pair of lower cores; and

a heat dissipating plate disposed between the pair of upper cores and the pair of lower cores,
wherein the pair of upper cores include an upper body portion disposed at a center of the bobbin, and a pair of upper wing
portions connected to the upper body portion and surrounding the outside of the bobbin, and

the pair of lower cores include a lower body portion disposed at a center of the bobbin, and a pair of lower wing portions
connected to the lower body portion and surrounding the outside of the bobbin.

US Pat. No. 9,267,404

BLOW-BY GAS RECIRCULATING SYSTEM FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A blow-by gas recirculating system for an internal combustion chamber, comprising:
a cylinder including the combustion chamber;
a ventilation passage that recirculates blow-by gas, which leaks from the combustion chamber, to the combustion chamber;
a compressor that takes in and compresses outdoor air and supplies compressed air;
a supply passage that connects the compressor and the cylinder to mix the compressed air with the blow-by gas;
a control valve installed in the supply passage to open and close the supply passage;
an electronic control unit controlling the control valve; and
a temperature sensor mounted to a first intake passage to sense a temperature of the outdoor air taken in through the compressor,
wherein the electronic control unit controls the control valve through pulse width modulation (PWM) control depending on the
temperature of the outdoor air sensed by the temperature sensor.

US Pat. No. 9,206,792

HYDRAULIC PRESSURE SUPPLY SYSTEM OF AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A hydraulic pressure supply system of an automatic transmission for a vehicle which generates low hydraulic pressure and
high hydraulic pressure using oil stored in an oil pan, and which supplies the low hydraulic pressure and the high hydraulic
pressure respectively to a low pressure portion and a high pressure portion, the hydraulic pressure supply system comprising:
a low-pressure hydraulic pump receiving the oil stored in the oil pan through a first input line, generating hydraulic pressure,
and discharging the hydraulic pressure to a first low-pressure line;

a first switch valve selectively opening or closing a hydraulic line through which the hydraulic pressure is supplied from
the first low-pressure line;

a low-pressure regulator valve connected to the first switch valve through a second low-pressure line, controlling the hydraulic
pressure supplied through the second low-pressure line to be stable hydraulic pressure, and supplying the stable hydraulic
pressure to the low pressure portion through a third low-pressure line;

a high-pressure hydraulic pump increasing the hydraulic pressure supplied from the low-pressure hydraulic pump through the
first low-pressure line, and discharging the increased hydraulic pressure to a high-pressure line;

a second switch valve disposed between the first low-pressure line and the high-pressure line, and selectively connecting
the first low-pressure line to the high-pressure line;

a high-pressure regulator valve controlling the hydraulic pressure supplied from the high-pressure hydraulic pump through
the high-pressure line and the hydraulic pressure supplied from the low-pressure hydraulic pump through the second switch
valve to be stable high hydraulic pressure, and supplying the stable high hydraulic pressure to the high pressure portion;
and

a second input line connecting the oil pan to the first low-pressure line,
wherein the high-pressure regulator valve is selectively fluidly-connected to the first low-pressure line through the second
switch valve and is directly fluidly-connected to the high-pressure line so as to supply through a second supply line a portion
of the hydraulic pressure supplied from the first low-pressure line or the high-pressure line and to control the hydraulic
pressure to be stable, and

wherein the second supply line is connected to the third low-pressure line.

US Pat. No. 9,124,092

PULSE WIDTH MODULATION CONTROLLER

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) controller, comprising:
a plurality of Field Effect Transistors (FETs) and an FET driver;
a comparator configured to compare a current flowing through the FETs with an overcurrent reference value;
a microcomputer configured to control a motor and perform a circuit protection function for the PWM controller; and
a switch configured to cut off a connection between the microcomputer and the FET driver when the current flowing through
the FETs is greater than the overcurrent reference value as a result of comparison by the comparator.

US Pat. No. 9,267,578

BELT TENSION ADJUSTMENT APPARATUS FOR VEHICLES

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A belt tension adjustment apparatus for vehicles, comprising:
a rotational shaft of a rotor;
a first coupling pin and a second coupling pin protruding in a direction perpendicular to the rotational shaft;
an outer pulley coupled to penetrate through the rotational shaft and having a first coupling part extending in a front direction,
the first coupling part enclosing the rotational shaft and having a first slit formed to penetrate therethrough at a point
corresponding to the first coupling pin, and the first slit having an arc shape which is convex in the front direction; and

an inner pulley disposed between the rotor and the outer pulley, coupled to penetrate through the rotational shaft, and having
a second coupling part extending in a rear direction, the second coupling part enclosing the rotational shaft and having a
second slit formed to penetrate therethrough at a point corresponding to the second coupling pin, and the second slit having
an arc shape which is convex in the rear direction.

US Pat. No. 9,151,365

HYDRAULIC TIMING CHAIN TENSIONER AND TIMING CHAIN SYSTEM

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A hydraulic pressure timing chain tensioner comprising:
a housing configured for mounting to a cylinder block of an engine;
an operating unit case having a hollow cylinder shape, inserted into the housing, and fixed inside of the housing;
a plunger having a hollow cylinder shape and disposed to reciprocate within a hollow of the operating unit case;
a high pressure chamber formed by the hollow of the operating unit case and a hollow of the plunger;
a low pressure chamber partially defined by the housing and communicating with the high pressure chamber;
a supply hydraulic path formed in the housing to supply oil from an oil supply to the low pressure chamber; and
a regulator controlling hydraulic pressure of the low pressure chamber;
wherein hydraulic pressure of the high pressure chamber for reciprocating the plunger is controlled according to hydraulic
pressure of the low pressure chamber controlled by the regulator,

wherein the regulator comprises:
a piston disposed to reciprocate in the low pressure chamber, and selectively opening and closing the supply hydraulic path
according to the reciprocal motion;

a spring contacting one end of the piston, and adapted to push the piston toward a direction of another end of the piston;
and

a regulator cap contacting one end of the spring, and fixed to the housing to support the one end of the spring.

US Pat. No. 9,120,373

ACTIVE AIR FLAP APPARATUS FOR VEHICLE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. An active air flap apparatus for a vehicle, comprising:
an air flap rotatably mounted on a duct through a linkage and including a loader coupled with the linkage;
a thermoelectric device fixedly mounted on a housing that is mounted on the duct;
a heat transfer bar mounted in the housing, wherein one end of the heat transfer bar is connected to the thermoelectric device
to transfer heat at the time of operating the thermoelectric device; and

a variable length member connected to the loader and the other end portion of the heat transfer bar and providing rotating
force to the loader while changing a length of the variable length member according to a change in temperature of the heat
transfer bar,

wherein the housing includes:
an outer housing fixedly mounted on the duct; and
an inner housing fixedly mounted inside an end of the outer housing, the inner housing being mounted so as to fix the thermoelectric
device and one end of the variable length member therein and slidably receiving the heat transfer bar penetrating therethrough,

wherein the outer housing spaced apart from an end of the heat transfer bar in a direction opposite to a direction in which
the inner housing is positioned is fixedly mounted with a stumbling bar crossing an inner space of the outer housing in a
direction orthogonal to a vertical direction of the outer housing, and one side of the outer housing is provided with a guide
hole through which one end of the loader penetrates, the guide hole being extendedly formed along the vertical direction of
the outer housing, and

wherein when the one end of the loader connected to the variable length member moves in a direction in which the length of
the variable length member is increased to cross over the stumbling bar, the loader is restrained by the stumbling bar so
that the loader does not move in a direction in which the length of the variable length member is reduced unless the loader
is applied with external force.

US Pat. No. 9,132,828

SHIFT CONTROL METHOD IN DCT VEHICLE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A shift control method in a vehicle having a dual clutch transmission, comprising:
determining whether or not power-off downshifting is started and whether or not torque handover is started;
determining whether or not the vehicle has entered a rough terrain, when the torque handover is started;
determining and storing a speed change rate of an engaging input shaft before the vehicle enters the rough terrain when it
is determined that the vehicle has entered the rough terrain;

determining a target transfer torque of an engaging clutch based on the speed change rate of the engaging input shaft that
is stored during determining and storing the speed change rate of the engaging input shaft when the vehicle has entered an
actual shifting section, and increasing a transfer torque of the engaging clutch by an amount until arriving at the target
transfer torque of the engaging clutch;

controlling the target transfer torque of the engaging clutch to be maintained until a slip rate arrives at a reference value
after determining the target transfer torque of the engaging clutch; and

completing the power-off downshifting by reducing the transfer torque of the engaging clutch by the amount of torque that
the engaging clutch was increased at the step of increasing the transfer torque of the engaging clutch when controlling the
target transfer torque of the engaging clutch is completed.

US Pat. No. 9,309,966

METHOD OF CONTROLLING VEHICLE WASHING MODE FOR VEHICLE EQUIPPED WITH SHIFT-BY-WIRE SHIFTING DEVICE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A method of controlling a vehicle washing mode for a vehicle equipped with shift-by-wire shifting device, the method comprising:
performing an N-range-off determining step determining whether a shift lever is in an N-range, when an engine stops;
performing an ACC determining step determining whether the vehicle is in an ACC state;
automatically implementing a vertical washing mode when the engine stops and in the N-range to allow for vehicle washing;
performing a shifting step shifting a P-range state of a transmission to an N-range state thereof by operating an actuator,
when the N-range-off determining step determines that the shift lever is in the N-range when the engine was stopped, and when
the ACC determining step determines that the vehicle is in the ACC state;

performing a TCU (Transmission Control Unit)-off checking step of checking that whether a controller controlling the transmission
is turned off, is operated, after the ACC determining step and before performing the shifting step; and

performing the shifting step when the TCU-off checking step determines that the controller that controls the transmission
is turned off,

wherein the N-range state of the transmission is maintained for a predetermined time for vehicle washing, and then after the
predetermined time passes, the controller automatically performs shifting the N-range state to the P-range state and after
a predetermined time passes again, cuts an electric power to the vehicle when the vehicle is not operated.

US Pat. No. 9,282,616

VEHICLE HAVING LAMP

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A vehicle having a lamp, comprising:
a multi lamp that is disposed to radiate a first color light for a backward movement or a second color light for a turning
movement of a vehicle;

a turn lamp that is disposed near the multi lamp to selectively radiate a second color light for the turning movement of the
vehicle; and

a controller that is configured to control the operation of the multi lamp and the turn lamp depending on a turn signal for
a turning movement and a reverse signal for a backward movement of the vehicle,

wherein the multi lamp portion includes: a reverse light source for radiating the first color light for the backward movement
of the vehicle; and a turn light source that is disposed near the reverse light source to radiate the second color light for
the turning movement of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,255,616

FAN CLUTCH FOR VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A fan clutch for a vehicle, comprising:
a shaft rotated by a drive force and having a first oil line formed in the shaft in a radial direction thereof;
a rotor rotated in combination with the shaft, wherein the rotor includes an oil storage chamber formed in the rotor and the
oil storage chamber communicates with the first oil line;

a valve formed in a first end of the oil storage chamber and being selectively opened, wherein the valve is configured to
allow oil stored in the oil storage chamber to flow to an outside of the rotor through the valve when the valve is opened,
and the oil in the outside of the rotor is allowed to flow into the oil storage chamber through a first end of the first oil
line when the valve is closed; and

a housing formed to surround the rotor, and provided with a second oil line to communicate with the first end of the first
oil line such that the oil that has flowed through the valve flows to the first oil line through an actuation chamber surrounding
the rotor and formed in the housing,

wherein the housing is rotatable by a viscosity resistance of the oil stored in the actuation chamber between the rotor and
the housing while the oil stored in the oil storage chamber flows into the actuation chamber through the valve when the valve
is opened.

US Pat. No. 9,254,609

BATTERY PACK CASE ASSEMBLY FOR ELECTRIC AND HYBRID VEHICLES USING A PLASTIC COMPOSITE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A method for manufacturing a battery pack case assembly for an electric or hybrid vehicle comprising a case body for receiving
a battery pack, and a cover removably coupled to the case body, the method comprising:
forming the case body using a plastic composite in which a long fiber or a blend of a long fiber and a continuous fiber is
used as a reinforcing fiber in a plastic matrix;

forming a first separate reinforced member using a plastic composite in which a long fiber, a continuous, or a blend of a
long fiber and a continuous fiber is used as the reinforcing fiber in the plastic matrix, the first separate reinforced member
including at least two brackets each bonded to a side of the case body;

forming a second separate reinforced member having a planar shape being disposed at a bottom of the case body connecting the
at least two brackets in the first separate reinforced member and disposed perpendicularly planar to the bottom of the case
body, wherein the second separate reinforced member disposed at the bottom of the case body is formed of a plastic composite
comprising a continuous fiber as a reinforcing fiber in a plastic matrix; and

bonding the reinforced member to both side bracket parts of the case body for coupling to a vehicle body,
wherein the case body is integrally formed with the second separate reinforced member by an extrusion-compression molding
apparatus and the bottom of the case body is formed in a single layer structure.

US Pat. No. 9,407,182

SENSORLESS CONTROL METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR MOTOR

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A sensorless control system controlling a motor having a permanent magnet motor, comprising:
a back EMF observer configured to estimate a back EMF of the motor;
an angle error calculator configured to calculate an electrical angle error considering iron loss of the motor based on the
back EMF estimated by the back EMF observer;

an angle error compensator configured to compensate the electrical angle error calculated by the angle error calculator, wherein
an electrical angle for compensating the calculated electrical angle error is obtained through simulation or experiment for
the motor; and

a PLL controller configured to receive the compensated electrical angle to estimate an actual angle by reducing the electrical
angle error due to the iron loss, and operate the motor based on the estimated actual angle.

US Pat. No. 9,242,645

FAIL-SAFE CONTROL METHOD FOR ENGINE CLUTCH ACTUATOR AND APPARATUS THEREOF

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A fail-safe control method for an engine clutch actuator, the method comprising:
determining whether a driving mode of a hybrid vehicle is an electric vehicle (EV) mode;
measuring an oil pressure in a cylinder of the engine clutch actuator when the driving mode of the hybrid vehicle is the EV
mode;

comparing an oil pressure value in the cylinder with a previously stored average pressure value;
rotating a motor of the engine clutch actuator to decrease the oil pressure value in the cylinder when the oil pressure value
in the cylinder is greater than the previously stored average pressure value; and

connecting an engine clutch to an internal combustion engine as the oil pressure value in the cylinder decreases.

US Pat. No. 9,429,782

APPARATUS FOR SUPPORTING FLAT LIQUID-CRYSTAL DISPLAY OF AUDIO VIDEO NAVIGATION SYSTEM

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. An apparatus for supporting a flat liquid-crystal display (LCD) of an audio video navigation (AVN) system of a vehicle,
the apparatus comprising:
a module frame including a first through hole formed at a central portion such that an LCD assembly is disposed therein and
second through holes formed on left and right sides of a rim to expose AVN system manipulation buttons of an AVN system manipulation
panel; and

a front panel assembled to a center fascia panel to lock ends of the rim of the module frame and to be parallel to a front
side of the LCD assembly,

wherein the LCD assembly installed within the first through hole of the module frame to be held therein when a front collision
impact is applied, and

wherein the LCD assembly is sequentially stacked by an anti-glare (AG) film, a cover glass, a touch panel, an anti-reflective
(AR) film, and an LCD panel.

US Pat. No. 9,467,645

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR RECOGNIZING PARKING SPACE LINE MARKINGS FOR VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A method for recognizing a parking space line marking executed by a processor within a controller installed in a vehicle,
comprising:
a corner capturing process configured to capture an angled corner in an image including the parking space line marking;
a cross capturing process configured to capture a cross point by combining adjacent corners among the captured corners according
to types and directions of captured corners;

a space capturing process configured to capture a space which is an end periphery of the parking space line marking by combining
the captured cross points according to vector directions of the captured cross points;

a type selecting process configured to select a type of the parking space line marking from the captured space; and
a final selection process configured to select a final space based on the selected type,
wherein in the corner capturing process, a boundary between a parking space line of the parking space line marking and a road
is expressed as a vector depending on a change in brightness, a type of the corner captured is discriminated according to
an angle of an arc which is a portion of a circumference of a circle having a center and a radius less than a width of the
parking space line marking, and

wherein a position of the center of the circle is determined based on a vertex of the boundary, and the arc is a portion of
the circle that corresponds to either the road or the parking space line marking.

US Pat. No. 9,358,960

WIPING DEVICE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A wiping device, comprising:
a cartridge; and
a wiping yarn disposed on an outer circumference of the cartridge,
wherein the wiping yarn includes:
a core yarn substantially perpendicular to the cartridge; and
a sub-yarn disposed extraneous to the core yarn and configured to gather contaminants from a vehicle body,
wherein the core yarn includes:
a first core yarn disposed at a substantial center of the wiping yarn;
a second core yarn disposed extraneous to the first core yarn;
a third core yarn disposed extraneous to the second core yarn; and
a fourth core yarn wrapped around an exterior of the third core yarn.

US Pat. No. 9,356,546

SENSORLESS CONTROL METHOD FOR MOTOR AND SYSTEM USING THE SAME

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A sensorless control method for a motor performed by a sensorless controller including a back electromotive force (EMF)
observer and a phase locked loop (PLL) controller, comprising:
estimating a back EMF of the motor using the back EMF observer;
calculating an electrical angle error in accordance with iron loss of the motor based on the estimated back EMF;
compensating for the calculated electrical angle error;
inputting the compensated electrical angle error into the PLL controller to estimate an actual angle; and
controlling the motor based on the estimated actual angle.

US Pat. No. 9,327,222

SEALED HONEYCOMB STRUCTURE AND DEVICE FOR CLEANING EXHAUST

HYUNDAI Motor Company, S...

1. A sealed honeycomb structure comprising:
porous walls dividedly forming a plurality of cells extending from an end surface of an inlet side to an end surface of an
outlet side, the plurality of cells being a plurality of fluid channels;

an outlet side sealing portion mounted at openings of predetermined cells in the end surface of the outlet side so as to form
inlet cells where the end surface of the inlet side is open and the end surface of the outlet side is sealed; and

an inlet side sealing portion mounted at openings of remaining cells in the end surface of the inlet side so as to form outlet
cells where the end surface of the outlet side is open and the end surface of the inlet side is sealed,

wherein the inlet cells and the outlet cells are disposed alternately across the walls, and an opening area of the inlet cells
on a cross-section vertical to an extending direction of the inlet cells is larger than that of the outlet cells on the cross-section
vertical to the extending direction of the outlet cells,

wherein at least one cell among the outlet cells is a reinforced cell where a reinforcing part for reinforcing the outlet
cells is formed at at least one corner portion at which the walls on the cross-section vertical to the extending direction
of the outlet cells cross each other,

wherein the inlet cells are provided with a reinforcing part for reinforcing the inlet cells at at least one corner portion
at which the walls on the cross-section vertical to the extending direction of the inlet cells cross each other, and

wherein the total number of the corner portions reinforcing the inlet cells is smaller than the total number of the corner
portions reinforcing the outlet cells.

US Pat. No. 9,097,215

EXHAUST GAS CONTROLLING METHOD OF ENGINE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. An exhaust gas control system of an engine, the system comprising:
an EGR line that recirculates exhaust gas of an exhaust line to an intake line;
an EGR valve that is disposed on the EGR line to control the recirculated exhaust gas; and
an ECU that is configured to control the EGR valve according to a driving condition, wherein the ECU performs:
calculating a target mass flux of EGR gas by using air mass entering into a cylinder and air mass supplied into the engine;
calculating a target effective flow area (EFAd) of the EGR valve by using a target mass flux of the EGR gas and front/rear condition of the EGR valve; and

calculating a valve opening rate of the EGR valve by using a predetermined curve fitting formula and a target effective flow
area (EFAd);

wherein the target mass flux of the EGR gas is calculated by the following formula:
megrd=ma?MAFd
wherein megrd is a target mass flux of the EGR gas, MAFd is a target mass flux of the intake air detected, ma is a mass flux of the air entered into the cylinder;

wherein the ma is


 ?V a volume efficiency of a cylinder, ?int is a density of intake air, and Vd is a stroke volume of a cylinder, and N is an engine speed; and

wherein the curve fitting formula is as follows:
EGR valve lift =P1+P2·EFAd+P3·(EFAd)2+P4·(EFAd)3
wherein the EGR valve lift denotes a target valve opening of the EGR valve, P1, P2, P3, and P4 are constants, and the EFAd is a target effective flow area.

US Pat. No. 9,254,730

DOOR FRAME FOR VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A door frame for a vehicle, wherein the door frame is coupled with a bright molding provided for improving aesthetic features
of the vehicle, the door frame comprising:
an outer frame at which the bright molding is mounted, which is disposed to an external side of the vehicle, and has a shape
in accord with a shape of the bright molding; and

an inner frame which is disposed at an internal side of the vehicle with respect to the outer frame, and has a shape in accord
with the shape of the outer frame,

wherein the shapes of the bright molding and the outer frame are formed such that the bright molding is directly mounted to
the outer frame without aid from any additional coupling member, and

wherein the outer frame comprises:
a molding mounting portion forming surface to surface contact with the bright molding;
a hemming portion formed at a first end of the molding mounting portion, and surrounding a part of the inner frame;
a glass run contact portion bent and extended from a second end of the molding mounting portion toward an internal direction
of the vehicle, and contacted with a door glass run; and

a hole formed to penetrate the molding mounting portion.

US Pat. No. 9,322,305

CONTROL METHOD FOR OIL PUMP

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A method of controlling an oil pump, comprising:
determining, by a controller, whether learning conditions for learning a necessary revolutions per minute (RPM) based on a
quality of an electric oil pump are satisfied;

operating, by the controller, the electric oil pump at an RPM for a standby state based on a current oil temperature, when
the learning conditions are satisfied;

measuring, by the controller, hydraulic pressure generated when the electric oil pump is operated at predetermined learning-objective
RPM from the standby state generated in the operation of the electric oil pump; and

generating, by the controller, a new learning map proportional to a difference between the hydraulic pressure measured in
the measuring of hydraulic pressure and the hydraulic pressure of predetermined standard maps, by comparing the measured hydraulic
pressure with the hydraulic pressure of the standard maps.

US Pat. No. 9,293,780

SULFONATED POLY(PHENYLENE SULFIDE SULFONE NITRILE) AND MEMBRANE FOR FUEL CELL THEREOF

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A polymer electrolyte membrane comprising sulfonated poly(phenylene sulfide sulfone nitriles) with their ends cross-linked
to each other, wherein the sulfonated poly(phenylene sulfide sulfone nitrile) represented by one of the following Formulae
1 to 5:

wherein n represents the number of a sulfone-containing monomer in the sulfonated poly(phenylene sulfide sulfone nitrile).

US Pat. No. 9,409,523

MULTIBOX FOR VEHICLES

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A multibox for vehicles, comprising:
a housing having a receiving space for receiving articles;
a sliding plate disposed around the housing to translate forward and rearward by a force of a spring of the housing provided
by a wound spring;

a cover finishing a front surface of the receiving space of the housing and supported on the sliding plate by a hinge structure
through hinge arms thereof, the cover being rotated upward and downward by a force of a spring provided by a rotation spring;

a knob unit disposed at one side of a front surface of the housing to lock or unlock the housing and the cover through a pushing
operation,

wherein the multibox is opened and closed by translation of the sliding plate and rotation of the cover; and
a position regulating pin disposed on the sliding plate and a position regulating aperture into which the position regulating
pin is selectively inserted, as a unit for regulating rotation of the cover during the translation of the sliding plate.

US Pat. No. 9,451,549

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A BLUETOOTH CONNECTION

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A method for controlling a Bluetooth connection, comprising steps of:
determining whether a reboot is a normal reboot or not, when a Bluetooth system provided in a vehicle is rebooted;
when it is determined that the reboot is a normal reboot as a result of determining, automatically attempting the Bluetooth
connection between the Bluetooth system and a terminal;

when it is determined that the reboot is not a normal reboot as a result of determining, waiting for a time predetermined
by the Bluetooth system; and

after the predetermined time is elapsed, automatically attempting the Bluetooth connection between the Bluetooth system and
the terminal,

wherein the predetermined time is a time to stably complete a disconnection operation of the Bluetooth connection between
the Bluetooth system and the terminal.

US Pat. No. 9,447,831

ACTUATOR FOR ELECTRICAL PARKING BRAKE SYSTEM

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An actuator for an electrical parking brake system, the actuator comprising:
a case;
a motor installed in the case to provide power;
a driving gear provided to a rotary shaft of the motor;
a pair of transmission members installed inside the case and engaged to the driving gear to reduce torque of the driving gear
and transmit the reduced torque; and

an output gear provided to an output shaft and engaged to the pair of transmission members to additionally reduce the reduced
torque transmitted through the transmission members and output the additionally reduced torque through the output shaft,

wherein each of the transmission members is formed in a shaft shape to connect the driving gear and the output gear, and is
respectively disposed at lateral sides about the driving gear and the output gear,

wherein the each of the transmission members includes:
a shaft-shaped main body rotatably installed inside the case;
a first gear portion provided at a first side of the main body and engaged with the driving gear; and
a second gear portion provided at a second side of the main body and engaged with the output gear,
wherein the driving gear is formed in a shape of a worm gear, and the first gear portion is formed as a worm-wheel-shaped
gear,

wherein the second gear portion is formed in a shape of a worm gear, and the output gear is formed as a worm-wheel-shaped
gear.

US Pat. No. 9,425,472

APPARATUS FOR DIAGNOSING FAULT OF FUEL CELL STACK

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An apparatus that diagnoses a failure in a fuel cell stack, the apparatus comprising:
an alternating current (AC) absorption unit connected to the fuel cell stack and switched based on an applied AC signal to
enable a current from the fuel cell stack to flow;

an AC signal generator configured to generate the AC signal and supply the generated AC signal to the AC absorption unit;
and

a processor configured to:
measure stack voltage or a stack current of the fuel cell stack; and
diagnose the failure in the fuel cell stack based on the measured stack voltage or stack current.

US Pat. No. 9,403,485

INSIDE MIRROR ASSEMBLY FOR VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An inside mirror assembly for a vehicle, comprising:
a housing having an opening portion formed at a front side thereof;
a fixed reflective plate fixed and mounted to the opening portion of the housing;
a tilting reflective plate tiltably mounted in the housing, and disposed parallel to a rear surface of the fixed reflective
plate in a day reflective mode, or disposed so that an upper end portion of the tilting reflective plate is tiltable rearward
at a predetermined angle on a basis of a lower end portion of the tilting reflective plate in order to reduce light reflectivity
in a night reflective mode; and

a tilting operation mechanism connected with the tilting reflective plate, mounted inside and outside of the housing, adjusting
a tilting angle of the tilting reflective plate,

wherein the tilting operation mechanism includes a tilting bracket hingedly fastened to an inner wall surface of the housing;
and

wherein a lever bracket includes:
a body portion having first hinge pins that protrude at both sides of the body portion, and are hingedly fastened to first
hinge ends formed on the inner wall surface of the housing;

holding ends formed integrally with an upper end portion of the body portion so as to hold the tilting bracket; and
a tilting operation end formed integrally with a lower end portion of the body portion.

US Pat. No. 9,747,922

SOUND SIGNAL PROCESSING METHOD, AND SOUND SIGNAL PROCESSING APPARATUS AND VEHICLE EQUIPPED WITH THE APPARATUS

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A sound signal processing apparatus comprising:
a spatial filter configured to obtain a filtered signal including a target signal by spatial filtering an input signal; and
a mask applier configured to obtain an output signal by applying a mask, obtained by using a spatial selectivity between the
target signal and a noise of the target signal, to the filtered signal.

US Pat. No. 9,755,968

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PROCESSING A SOME/IP STREAM THROUGH INTERWORKING WITH AVB TECHNOLOGY

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A method for processing a Service Oriented Middleware over Internet Protocol (SOME/IP) stream through interworking with
Audio Video Bridging (AVB) in a server, the method comprising steps of:
determining a transmission scheme for the SOME/IP stream through a SOME/IP service discovery procedure;
reserving and allocating a bandwidth information required for transmission of the SOME/IP stream through a layer 2 of AVB
if the determined transmission scheme is an L2-Frame;

generating an InitialEvent message including the reserved and allocated bandwidth information; and
transmitting the generated InitialEvent message to a client according to the determined transmission scheme,
wherein, when the determined transmission scheme is the L2-Frame and the server receives a ready message including the reserved
and allocated bandwidth information from the client, the SOME/IP stream is transmitted through the layer 2 of AVB.

US Pat. No. 9,480,020

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A BLUETOOTH CONNECTION

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A method for controlling a Bluetooth connection comprising, steps of:
turning off an ignition of a vehicle;
determining whether a terminal connected to a Bluetooth system provided in the vehicle exists or not after turning off the
ignition of the vehicle;

when it is determined that the connected terminal exists as a result of determining, transmitting a disconnection command
for the Bluetooth connection from the vehicle to the terminal;

waiting for a time predetermined by the Bluetooth system, after transmitting the disconnection command;
after waiting for the predetermined time, determining whether a disconnection confirmation message responding to the disconnection
command is received from the terminal or not; and

when it is determined that the disconnection confirmation message is received as a result of determining whether the disconnection
message is received or not, causing the Bluetooth system to enter into a sleep mode.

US Pat. No. 9,187,064

WIPER LEVER ASSEMBLY AND WIPER BLADE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A wiper lever assembly, comprising:
an upper lever and a lower lever, wherein the lower lever includes a plurality of lower engaging arc portions;
a plurality of pivotal connecting parts pivotally coupled to each of opposite longitudinal ends of the upper lever;
a plurality of mating pivotal connecting parts disposed on the lower lever, wherein the plurality of pivotal connecting parts
are fitted; and

a plurality of upper pressing arc portions disposed on the upper lever over the plurality of pivotal connecting parts, wherein
the upper pressing arc portions are in slidable contact with the lower engaging arc portions;

wherein one of the upper pressing arc portions and the lower engaging arc portions include a concave arc, the other of the
upper pressing arc portions and the lower engaging arc portions includes a convex arc, a radius of curvature of the concave
arc is larger than a radius of curvature of the convex arc, and the pivotal connecting parts do not engage with the upper
and lower areas of the mating pivotal connecting parts while the upper pressing arc portions engage with the lower engaging
arc portions wherein the lower lever includes:

a top wall; and
a plurality of lateral walls downwardly extended from opposite lateral sides of the top wall, wherein each of the plurality
of lateral walls are disposed at lower portions thereof with a respective one of the lower engaging arc portions which are
each extended laterally and outwardly, and wherein the upper lever includes:

an outer top wall; and
a plurality of outer lateral walls to allow a longitudinal end portion of the upper lever to cover the top wall and the plurality
of lateral walls of the lower lever, wherein the outer lateral walls include the pivotal connecting parts which protrude laterally
and inwardly and are fitted to the mating pivotal connecting parts, and each are disposed at bottom ends thereof with a respective
one of the upper pressing arc portions which each protrude downwardly.

US Pat. No. 9,163,636

PROTECTION STRUCTURE OF MOTOR FOR COOLING-FAN

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A protection structure of a motor for a cooling fan comprising:
a motor;
a power source wire, wherein the motor is connected to the power source wire for receiving electricity; and
a rotating hub coupled to the motor
wherein the hub comprises:
an outer portion along an outer peripheral surface of the hub on which blades are formed and in a center of which a center
hole is formed;

a center portion which is disposed at a middle of the center hole and coupled with a rotation shaft of the motor; and
a support member coupling the outer portion and the center portion, and
wherein the power source wire is coupled via the support member.

US Pat. No. 9,887,286

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE HAVING LOW IMPEDANCE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:
an n? type epitaxial layer disposed on a first surface of an n+ type silicon carbide substrate;
an n+ region disposed on the n? type epitaxial layer;
first and second trenches disposed in the n? type epitaxial layer and the n+ region;
first and second gate insulating layers disposed inside the first and second trenches, respectively;
first and second gate electrodes disposed on the first and second gate insulating layers, respectively;
a p-type region disposed on two sides of one of the first and second trenches;
an oxidation film disposed on the first and second gate electrodes;
a source electrode disposed on the n+ region and the oxidation film; and
a drain electrode disposed on a second surface of the n+ type silicon carbide substrate,
wherein a first channel is disposed on two sides of the first trench and a second channel is disposed on two sides of the
second trench,

wherein the first and second gate insulating layers have different thicknesses, and
wherein the first and second gate electrodes have different depths.

US Pat. No. 9,221,464

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING IDLE STOP OF VEHICLE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A method for controlling idle stop of a vehicle, comprising:
estimating a disk temperature of a brake disk by a controller based on detected values of a speed sensor and a brake pedal
position sensor, before stopping an engine according to the idle stop;

determining, before stopping the engine according to the idle stop, by the controller, whether the estimated disk temperature
of the brake disk is lower than or equal to a first predetermined temperature; and

prohibiting by the controller, the engine from being at engine stop according to the idle stop when the estimated disk temperature
of the brake disk is higher than the first predetermined temperature.

US Pat. No. 9,110,896

ACTIVE AIR FLAP APPARATUS FOR VEHICLE AND DEFECT DIAGNOSIS METHOD THEREOF

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. An active air flap apparatus for a vehicle, comprising:
a drive flap positional sensor connected with a drive shaft connecting an actuator and a drive flap and detecting a rotational
angle of the drive flap;

a driven flap pivotally connected with the drive flap through a link mechanism;
a driven flap positional sensor connected with a driven shaft pivotally connected with the link mechanism and detecting a
rotational angle of the driven flap; and

a controller determining whether the drive flap positional sensor, the driven flap positional sensor, a motor of the actuator,
and the link mechanism are defective by monitoring a feedback voltage value of the drive flap positional sensor, a feedback
voltage value of the driven flap positional sensor, and a current applied to the motor of the actuator.

US Pat. No. 9,412,355

SOUND-ABSORBING MATERIAL AND METHOD FOR PREPARING THE SAME

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A sound-absorbing material comprising:
a nonwoven fabric comprising an amount of 30 wt % to 100 wt % of a heat-resistant fiber; and
a binder impregnated in the same layer as the nonwoven fabric and maintaining a three-dimensional structure inside the nonwoven
fabric,

wherein the binder is distributed and attached to the surface of the fiber yarn of the nonwoven fabric, thereby maintaining
the structure of or facilitating the formation of micro-cavities of the nonwoven fabric.

US Pat. No. 9,358,487

SEALED HONEYCOMB STRUCTURE AND DEVICE FOR CLEANING EXHAUST

HYUNDAI Motor Company, S...

1. A sealed honeycomb structure comprising:
porous walls dividedly forming a plurality of cells extending from an end surface of an inlet side to an end surface of an
outlet side, the plurality of cells being a plurality of fluid channels;

an outlet side sealing portion mounted at openings of predetermined cells in the end surface of the outlet side so as to form
inlet cells where the end surface of the inlet side is open and the end surface of the outlet side is sealed; and

an inlet side sealing portion mounted at openings of remaining cells in the end surface of the inlet side so as to form outlet
cells where the end surface of the outlet side is open and the end surface of the inlet side is sealed,

wherein the inlet cells and the outlet cells are disposed alternately across the walls, and an opening area of the inlet cells
on a cross-section vertical to an extending direction of the inlet cells is larger than that of the outlet cells on the cross-section
vertical to the extending direction of the outlet cells,

wherein at least one cell among the outlet cells is a reinforced cell where a reinforcing part for reinforcing the outlet
cells is formed at at least one corner portion at which the walls on the cross-section vertical to the extending direction
of the outlet cells cross each other,

wherein the inlet cells are provided with a reinforcing part for reinforcing the inlet cells at at least one corner portion
at which the walls on the cross-section vertical to the extending direction of the inlet cells cross each other, and

wherein the total number of the corner portions reinforcing the inlet cells is smaller than the total number of the corner
portions reinforcing the outlet cells.

US Pat. No. 9,115,651

METHOD OF CONTROLLING CVVT ACCORDING TO CURRENT CONTROL FOR OIL CONTROL VALVE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A method of controlling a continuously variable valve timing apparatus according to current control of an oil control valve,
the method comprising:
a) checking whether a predetermined time has passed, after an engine starts;
b) locking an actuator of the continuously variable valve timing apparatus by driving the oil control valve with different
driving currents in accordance with whether the predetermined time has passed after the engine starts;

c) unlocking the actuator or feed-backing control cam phase in accordance with whether the actuator of the continuously variable
valve timing apparatus is unlocked;

d) feed-backing the control cam phase or locking the actuator by driving the oil control valve with predetermined current
in accordance with whether the control cam phase is not reached before the actuator is locked; and

e) driving the oil control valve with predetermined current to maintain the control cam phase or turning off the oil control
valve, after feed-backing the control cam phase or locking the actuator by driving the oil control valve with predetermined
current in accordance with whether the control cam phase is not reached before the actuator is locked.

US Pat. No. 9,494,226

PULLEY STRUCTURE AND DAMPER PULLEY

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A damper pulley, comprising:
a hub part that is fitted on a crankshaft rotated by power from an engine and rotates with the crankshaft; and
a pulley part coupled with the hub part to rotate with the hub part and connected with a power transmission member, wherein
the hub part includes:
an outer ring coupled with the pulley part,
an inner ring disposed inside the outer ring,
a damper rubber disposed between the outer ring and the inner ring,
a pulley contact surface on the outer ring facing the pulley part, and
pulley coupling portions formed at the pulley contact surface so that coupling members pass through the outer ring,
the pulley part include:
a hub contact surface facing the pulley contact surface of the hub part,
hub coupling portions coupled to the pulley coupling portions by securing the coupling members, and
coupling grooves recessed from the hub coupling portions to insert the coupling members, and
a molding made of an insulator is coated on the pulley contact surface.

US Pat. No. 9,242,652

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING SHORT-TERM DRIVING TENDENCY OF DRIVER

Kia Motors Corporation, ...

9. A method for controlling operation of a vehicle, comprising:
detecting, by a controller, acceleration of the vehicle, vehicle speed, and inter-vehicle distance;
determining, by the controller, a relative speed with respect to a forward vehicle from the vehicle speed and the inter-vehicle
distance;

setting, by the controller, a membership function that corresponds to each of the acceleration of the vehicle and the relative
speed with respect to the forward vehicle;

extracting, by the controller, fuzzy result values for the vehicle speed and the inter-vehicle distance, respectively;
determining, by the controller, a short-term driving tendency of the driver using the fuzzy result values; and
controlling, by the controller, an engine or shifting of a transmission based on the short-term driving tendency.

US Pat. No. 9,298,208

APPARATUS FOR REDUCING CLUTCH PEDAL EFFORT

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An apparatus for reducing a clutch pedal effort, comprising:
a switching lever rotatably assembled to a pedal member and selectively engaged with a pedal arm; and
a reaction providing unit, a first end of which is engaged with the pedal member and a second end of which is engaged with
the switching lever,

wherein the switching lever comprises:
a lever body that is a straight flat plate;
a cylindrical flange formed on a first end of the lever body to be coupled to a hinge pipe;
locking protrusions formed on opposite surfaces of the first end of the lever body by protruding such that a lower end of
the reaction providing unit is combined with the locking protrusions;

a front rod bent from a first side surface of a second end of the lever body such that the front rod faces a front surface
of the pedal arm; and

a rear rod bent from a second side surface of the second end of the lever body such that the rear rod faces a rear surface
of the pedal arm.

US Pat. No. 9,872,385

COPPER CLAD LAMINATE, PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD INCLUDING THE SAME, AND MANUFACTURING METHOD OF THE SAME

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A copper clad laminate comprising
a first copper foil layer,
a composite layer,
a second copper foil layer,
wherein the first copper foil layer, the composite layer, and the second copper foil layer are sequentially stacked,
wherein the composite layer comprises a polyimide layer and a plurality of thermoplastic polyimide layers, and an outermost
layer of the composite layer is one of the plurality of the thermoplastic polyimide layers,

wherein, a total thickness of the plurality of the thermoplastic polyimide layers is in a range of from about 15 to about
50% with respect to a total thickness of the composite layer, and a thickness of the polyimide layer is in a range of from
about 50 to about 85% with respect to a total thickness of the composite layer,

wherein each of a thickness of the first copper foil layer and a thickness of the second copper foil layer is in a range of
from about 30 to about 80 ?m, and a total thickness of the composite layer is in a range of from about 40 to about 60 ?m,

wherein the polyimide layer is made of n layers, the plurality of thermoplastic polyimide layers are made of (n+1) layers,
and n is 2.

US Pat. No. 9,291,117

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING LOW PRESSURE FUEL PUMP OF GASOLINE DIRECT INJECTION ENGINE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A method of controlling a low pressure fuel pump of a gasoline direct injection (GDI) engine, wherein the GDI engine comprises
a low pressure system having a low pressure fuel pump and a high pressure system having a high pressure fuel pump, wherein
a fuel primarily compressed in the low pressure system is secondarily compressed in the high pressure system and injected
to a combustion chamber through an injector, the method comprising:
receiving an input of failure related information of the high pressure fuel pump;
boosting, when the high pressure fuel pump is failed based on the failure related information of the high pressure fuel pump,
a fuel pressure of the low pressure fuel pump to a first setting pressure; and

controlling, when the high pressure fuel pump is not failed, the fuel pressure of the low pressure fuel pump based on a measured
fuel pressure with respect to a target fuel pressure of the high pressure fuel pump or a change of a control value of the
GDI engine,

wherein the control value of the GDI engine is a control value of a spill valve, and
wherein the controlling of the fuel pressure of the low pressure fuel pump comprises boosting, when the control value of the
spill valve is equal to or lager than a predetermined value, the fuel pressure of the low pressure fuel pump to a second setting
pressure.

US Pat. No. 9,115,278

POLYOLEFIN-BASED RESIN COMPOSITION

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A polyolefin-based resin composition comprising about 56 to 97% by weight of a polypropylene block copolymer resin, about
1 to 9% by weight of a thermoplastic elastomer rubber, about 1 to 30% by weight of an inorganic filler, and about 1 to 5%
by weight of a fluoroacrylamide-based copolymer, based on a total weight of the composition,
wherein the fluoroacrylamide-based copolymer has a number average molecular weight of about 50,000 to 100,000 g/mol.

US Pat. No. 9,437,853

APPARATUS FOR PREVENTING DEFORMATION OF PLASTIC BATTERY PACK CASE FOR A VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A method for preventing deformation of a battery pack case for a vehicle, the apparatus comprising:
inserting the battery pack case into a case insertion space of a base so that a mounting portion of the battery pack case
is received on a support and fixed by a fixing portion;

pushing an operating lever of the fixing portion up toward the inside of the battery pack case;
in response to pushing the operating lever, transferring, by an arm portion, the rotational force of the operating lever into
a pressing force, wherein a pressing portion connected to the front end of the arm portion presses a top of the mounting portion
of the battery pack case via the pressing force to fix the mounting portion of the battery pack case; and

pulling down a support frame so that a pre-strain applying block and a driving portion are inserted into the battery pack
case, and the pre-strain applying block is moved toward the outside of the battery pack case by the driving portion to apply
pre-strain to the battery pack case and ensure that a suitable internal space in the battery pack casing is provided.

US Pat. No. 9,403,525

SYSTEM AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING SHIFT

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A system that controls a shift of a vehicle, comprising:
a memory configured to store program instructions; and
a processor configured to execute the program instructions, the program instructions when executed configured to:
determine whether an anti-lock brake system (ABS) of the vehicle is operating;
determine whether shifting to a neutral stage (N) is possible based on information regarding vehicle conditions after operating
a transmission in response to determining that the ABS of the vehicle is operating;

generate a shift control signal and transmit the shift control signal to the transmission in response to determining that
the vehicle can be shifted to the stage N; and

operate the transmission after releasing an engine clutch without adjusting an engine output and a motor output, or
operate the transmission after adjusting the engine output and the motor output and releasing the engine clutch, or
operate the transmission after adjusting the engine output and the motor output without releasing the engine clutch.

US Pat. No. 9,692,614

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PROVIDING TIME SYNCHRONIZATION IN IN-VEHICLE ETHERNET COMMUNICATION NETWORK

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A method for providing time synchronization in a node connected to an Audio Video Bridging (AVB) Ethernet communication
network, the method comprising steps of:
receiving static announcement messages from adjacent nodes and constituting a static grandmaster table;
reselecting a grandmaster with reference to the static grandmaster table when a synchronization message timer expires;
updating the static grandmaster table according to the reselection of the grandmaster; and
selecting a grandmaster bridge using the static announcement messages received from the adjacent nodes when the new grandmaster
is reselected,

wherein when the grandmaster bridge is selected, roles of ports of the node are set according to a result of the selection
of the grandmaster bridge, and port allocation state information of the static grandmaster table is updated based on the set
roles of the ports.

US Pat. No. 9,376,930

WASTE GATE VALVE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A waste gate valve which is installed on a turbocharger to selectively discharge a part of exhaust gas while allowing the
part of the exhaust gas to bypass the turbocharger, the waste gate valve comprising:
a layer which is formed between a valve seat and a valve body that comes into contact with the valve seat,
wherein the layer is formed on a surface of the valve body which faces the valve seat of the waste gate valve,
wherein the layer includes:
a ceramic layer which comes into contact with the valve seat; and
an insert material which is interposed between the valve body and the ceramic layer,
wherein the insert material is made of a material that has a lower melting point than the valve body, and
wherein the insert material includes nickel (Ni), chromium (Cr), boron (B), silicon (Si), and iron (Fe).

US Pat. No. 9,272,707

CONTROL APPARATUS AND CONTROL METHOD OF HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A control apparatus of a hybrid electric vehicle, comprising:
a clutch provided between an engine and a motor generating power;
a transmission serially connected to the motor;
a driving information detector detecting driving information including an output speed of the motor, an output speed of the
transmission, and a rotation speed of a driving shaft serially connected to the transmission; and

a controller limiting torque of the motor or speed of the motor to a predetermined level or less when a difference between
the output speed of the motor and the output speed of the transmission detected by the driving information detector is higher
than a predetermined value.

US Pat. No. 9,176,830

METHOD FOR DETERMINING SOFTWARE ERROR IN VIRTUALIZATION BASED INTEGRATED CONTROL SYSTEM

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A method for determining an error in a virtualization-based integrated control system, wherein the system includes a virtualization-based
integrated controller virtualizing a physical micro controller unit (MCU) to create a plurality of virtual MCUs, and software
type controllers respectively operating on the virtual MCUs, the method comprising:
delivering a timer interrupt from the virtualization-based integrated controller to each software type controller;
delivering a difference value, which is a difference between a counting value currently read from a timer and a counting value
immediately previously read from the timer, from each software type controller to the virtualization-based integrated controller;
and

determining, by the virtualization-based integrated controller, whether an error occurs in any one of the software type controllers
based on the difference value delivered from each software type controller,

wherein the virtualization-based integrated controller further determines that any one of the software type controllers is
loaded when the delivered difference value from the corresponding software type controller is received within a threshold
interval.

US Pat. No. 9,097,165

VEHICLE HAVING SYSTEM AND METHOD OF DIAGNOSING SECONDARY AIR INJECTION APPARATUS

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

16. A method of diagnosing a secondary air injection apparatus provided with a first pressure sensor mounted at an intake
line which supplies air to an engine and detects a pressure or an amount of intake air, a first oxygen sensor mounted at an
exhaust line which exhausts exhaust gas generated at the engine and detects an air/fuel ratio of the exhaust line, a SAI line
which supplies the intake air to the exhaust gas of the exhaust line for catalyst heating, and an SAI pump and an SAI valve
mounted at the SAI line, the method comprising:
driving the SAI pump when a catalyst heating condition is satisfied;
opening the SAI valve;
determining whether the catalyst heating is completed;
closing the SAI valve when the catalyst heating is completed;
determining an air/fuel ratio of a combustion chamber in the engine;
detecting the air/fuel ratio of the exhaust line using the first oxygen sensor; and
determining fault of the secondary air injection apparatus by comparing the air/fuel ratio of the combustion chamber with
the air/fuel ratio of the exhaust line.

US Pat. No. 9,299,193

HEAD-UP DISPLAY APPARATUS FOR VEHICLE USING AUGMENTED REALITY

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A head-up display device for a vehicle using augmented reality, comprising:
a distance detector configured to detect a distance between a driver's vehicle and a front vehicle in front of the driver's
vehicle to output distance information;

a navigator configured to output a position of the driver's vehicle and information about a road on which the driver's vehicle
drives, as driving information; and

an image controller configured to calculate a transverse position of the front vehicle according to the distance information
and the driving information, and generate image information corresponding to the front vehicle by using the transverse position,

wherein the image controller corrects the transverse position according to whether any one of the driver's vehicle and the
front vehicle enters a junction between a curved road and a straight road.

US Pat. No. 9,301,033

DIRECTIONAL MICROPHONE AND OPERATING METHOD THEREOF

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A directional microphone, comprising:
a board having a front sound hole and a rear sound hole formed therein;
a case having an open side and being coupled with the board on the open side so as to define a space therein;
first and second Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS) dies disposed on the board in the space of the case and converting
sound sources coming through the respective holes into electric signals;

a sound insulating wall having a top bonded to the case and a bottom bonded to the board so as to separate the first MEMS
die from the second MEMS die;

a filter disposed in the space in the case, a bottom of which faces the rear sound hole and parts of both sides of which are
bonded to the board so as to delay a phase of a rear sound coming through the rear sound hole; and

an application specific integrated circuit (ASIC) semiconductor chip disposed on the board, electrically connected to the
first MEMS die and the second MEMS die, and synthesizing two electrical signals each generated by the first and second MEMS
dies, respectively,

wherein a front sound coming through the front sound hole reaches the bottom of the first MEMS die, and the rear sound passing
through the filter reaches a top of the second MEMS die.

US Pat. No. 9,254,885

FRAME UNIT FOR BICYCLE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A frame unit for a bicycle comprising:
a left frame body including a part of a head tube, a part of a seat tube, a part of a frame, and a left stay integrally formed;
and

a right frame body including a part of the head tube, a part of the seat tube, a part of the frame, and a right stay integrally
formed;

wherein the left frame body and the right frame body are coupled so as to integrally form the head tube, the seat tube, and
the frame, and

two support rings, one of which is coupled to an upper end and another of which is coupled to a lower end of the head tube,
respectively; wherein each of the support rings have one end

formed to be bent outward so as to form a coupling groove into which an end portion of the head tube is fitted,
wherein each of the support rings have another end formed to be inclined outward so as to form a guide end,
wherein each of the support rings are processed in a ring shape by press-forming and rolling a metal plate,
wherein each of the support rings have a protrusion formed on one end thereof, and a groove formed in another end thereof
and into which the protrusion is inserted, and each of the support rings are processed in the ring shape by coupling the protrusion
and the groove.

US Pat. No. 9,169,918

INTEGRATED CONTROL SHIFT LEVER DEVICE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. An integrated control shift lever device, comprising:
a gate pattern in which an automatic lever moving with being gripped by a hand moves in an automatic mode of P (parking),
R (reverse), N (neutral), and D (driving) as a basic movement path,

wherein in the gate pattern, an M mode in which an electrical signal for a + mode which is a 1-stage upshift acceleration
state and a ? mode which is a 1-stage downshift deceleration state is generated by moving the position of the automatic lever
is branched from a D (driving) position to one side part of the automatic mode,

an integrated mode in which at least one other electrical signal for controlling components of a vehicle regardless of control
of a transmission is generated by moving the position of the automatic lever is linked to a straight path from the D (driving)
position to be branched to a position which does not interfere with the M mode,

wherein the integrated mode is implemented by using an integrated mode sensor unit sensing entrance positions of an E-S integrated
mode and an S-E integrated mode, a driving holding unit holding a D (driving) state even though the automatic lever moves
to the E-S integrated mode and the S-E integrated mode, and a shift feeling unit assigning a shift manipulation feeling depending
on manipulating the E-S integrated mode or the S-E integrated mode, and

wherein the integrated mode sensor unit includes:
a movement block coupled to a shift rod coupled with the automatic lever and hinge-coupled to a lever housing through a shift
shaft when the automatic lever moves toward the integrated mode; and

a mode changing detecting unit detecting E-S?S-E positional movement and generates an effort feeling while switching linear
movement into rotational motion of movement block depending on movement of the automatic lever from the E-S position to the
S-E position.

US Pat. No. 9,469,197

APPARATUS FOR COMPENSATING FOR TORQUE OF FUEL CELL ELECTRIC VEHICLE AND METHOD THEREOF

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An apparatus for compensating for torque of a fuel cell electric vehicle, the apparatus comprising:
a storage configured to store a first look-up table in which pedal amount correction coefficients corresponding to degradation
rates of a fuel cell stack are recorded and a second look-up table in which torques corresponding to pedal amounts are recorded;

a degradation rate calculator configured to calculate a degradation rate (?) based on a maximum voltage (VP) and an output voltage (VO) of the fuel cell stack;

a correction coefficient searcher configured to search for a correction coefficient (?) corresponding to the calculated degradation
rate using the first look-up table;

a pedal amount detector configured to detect a pedal amount (Pb) indicating a degree to which an acceleration pedal is pressed; and

a torque compensator configured to compensate for torque by compensating for the detected pedal amount based on the searched
correction coefficient using the second look-up table.

US Pat. No. 9,425,561

HIGH VOLTAGE ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A high voltage electrical connector comprising:
a plug assembly; and
a header coupled to the plug assembly,
wherein the plug assembly includes:
a housing that forms an appearance of the plug assembly;
a plug inserted into the housing to be inserted into the header;
a shielding cover that shields electromagnetic waves emitted from the plug, covers the plug, and is inserted into the housing;
and

a coupling member inserted into the plug by penetrating through the housing and the shielding cover.

US Pat. No. 9,319,785

TECHNIQUE FOR LOCALIZING SOUND SOURCE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A method for localizing a sound source, comprising:
acquiring, by a controller, a sound pressure signal measured by microphones, using a spherical microphone array sensor wherein
the microphones are fixedly arranged on a surface of a spherical body;

obtaining a sound pressure distribution on the surface of the spherical body from a sound pressure calculation formula for
calculating a sound pressure at a certain location of a spherical surface using the sound pressure signal measured by the
microphones as an input value; and

estimating a location of the sound source from the obtained sound pressure distribution,
wherein, from Equation (1) below the sound pressure calculation formula is obtained by meeting r=a (here, a is a radius of
the spherical body) and limiting a sound field distribution order n to a maximum order N of Equation (2) below that considers
a total number of microphones;


where jn(kr) is a spherical Bessel function, n is an order of sound field distribution, m={?n, ?n?1, . . . , 0, 1, . . . , n?1, n},
Ynm(?,?) are spherical harmonic functions, r denotes a radius of a sphere, ? denotes a horizontal angle of a spherical coordinate,
? denotes a vertical angle of the spherical coordinate, ?0 and ?o denote the horizontal angle and the vertical angle of microphone location respectively, and p(a,?0,?o) denotes a sound pressure measured at each microphone location on the surface of the spherical body; and

M?(N+1)2  (2)

where M is a total number of microphones, and N is a maximum order.

US Pat. No. 9,169,745

ENGINE HAVING CONTINUOUSLY VARIABLE VALVE TIMING MECHANISM

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. An engine having a variable valve timing mechanism comprising:
a camshaft having a cam formed thereon for moving an intake or exhaust valve;
a variable rotation unit being coaxially disposed with the camshaft to rotate the camshaft and having a retard angle chamber
and an advance angle chamber for controlling a retard angle and an advance angle of the camshaft;

a variable valve bolt having:
a fastening portion for fastening the variable rotation unit to the camshaft; and
an oil control valve for making selective supply of hydraulic oil to the retard angle chamber and the advance angle chamber;
and

a valve controller disposed on an outer side of the variable rotation unit for controlling the oil control valve in the variable
valve bolt,

wherein the valve controller is attached to an outer side of a cover which covers a belt or a chain.

US Pat. No. 9,170,216

PINHOLE DETECTION SYSTEM OF FUEL CELL

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A pinhole detection system of a fuel cell element unit, comprising:
a density detection module that detects a density of a fuel cell element unit;
a stage on which a fuel cell element unit is disposed to be detected;
a drive portion that is configured to move the stage so as to rotate the fuel cell element unit;
an X-ray source that is disposed at one side of the stage to apply X-ray to the fuel cell element unit that rotates;
an image detector that detects an X-ray penetrating the fuel cell element unit;
a computer tomography that reconstructs a three dimensional tomogram wherein a plurality of projections that are detected
by the image detector are used to form a three dimensional tomogram, and

a determiner that selects a photon energy level of an x-ray and a X-ray window according to the density of the fuel cell element
unit;

wherein a focus of the X-ray source ranges from 0.1 to 10 ?m, a capacity thereof ranges from 2 to 160 keV, a target thereof
includes Rh, Cr, Cu, or W, and the X-ray window is made of one of beryllium, boron family, silicon, nitride family, or polymer
family, a resolution of the image detector is lower than 1 ?m, a magnification thereof ranges from 2000 to 15,000, and a vacuum
rate inside a discharge pipe of the X-ray source is below 10?7 torr.

US Pat. No. 9,115,652

OIL CONTROL VALVE AND VARIABLE VALVE LIFT SYSTEM PROVIDED WITH THE SAME

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A variable valve lift system comprising:
a housing including a control port and a drain port;
a first seat disposed within the housing including a first penetration hole and forming a first chamber with the housing;
a second seat disposed within the housing including a second penetration hole and forming a second chamber with the housing
that fluidly communicates with the control port, the second seat also forming a third chamber with the housing communicating
with the drain port;

a first check valve disposed within the first chamber for selectively closing the first penetration hole;
a second check valve disposed within the third chamber for selectively closing the second penetration hole, the second check
valve including a third penetration hole;

a control portion which selectively opens the first check valve and simultaneously closes the second check valve or selectively
closes the first check valve and simultaneously opens the second check valve;

an orifice connecting the first chamber with the second chamber; and
a variable valve lift apparatus communicate with the control port by an oil line,
wherein the control portion comprises:
a pilot of which a stepped portion being selectively engaged to the second check valve to push the second check valve to close
the second penetration hole is formed thereto and of which a control rod selectively pushing the first check valve to be opened
through the third penetration hole and the second penetration hole is formed thereto;

a case connected to the housing;
a plunger movably disposed within the case and selectively moving the pilot;
a bobbin wrapping the plunger and wrapped by a coil; and
a yoke disposed between the bobbin and the plunger.

US Pat. No. 9,512,902

MULTI-STAGE TRANSMISSION FOR VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

5. A multi-stage transmission for a vehicle, comprising:
a first planetary gear device, a second planetary gear device, a third planetary gear device, and a fourth planetary gear
device, each having three rotating elements;

six shifting elements configured so as to selectively provide frictional force; and
eight shafts connected to the rotating elements of the planetary gear devices,
wherein a first shaft is an input shaft connected in series with a second rotating element of the second planetary gear device;
a second shaft is connected in series with a first rotating element of the second planetary gear device;
a third shaft is connected in series with a first rotating element of the first planetary gear device;
a fourth shaft is connected in series with a third rotating element of the first planetary gear device;
a fifth shaft is connected in series with a second rotating element of the first planetary gear device, a second rotating
element of the third planetary gear device, and a third rotating element of the fourth planetary gear device;

a sixth shaft is connected in series with a third rotating element of the second planetary gear device, a first rotating element
of the third planetary gear device, and a first rotating element of the fourth planetary gear device;

a seventh shaft is connected in series with a third rotating element of the third planetary gear device; and
an eighth shaft is an output shaft connected in series with a second rotating element of the fourth planetary gear device,
and

wherein a first clutch among the six shifting elements is installed between the first shaft and the third shaft, a second
clutch among the six shifting elements is installed between the fifth shaft and a transmission case, a third clutch among
the six shifting elements is installed between the second shaft and the transmission case, a fourth clutch among the six shifting
elements is installed between the second shaft and the third shaft, a fifth clutch among the six shifting elements is installed
between the third shaft and the seventh shaft, and a sixth clutch among the six shifting elements is installed between the
fourth shaft and the seventh shaft.

US Pat. No. 9,296,425

DISCONTINUOUS MULTI-OVERLAPPED VEHICLE BODY MEMBER

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A discontinuous multi-overlapped vehicle body member, comprising:
a plurality of divided members, each including:
a front connecting part having a predetermined width and a predetermined length, and positioned at a front side in a longitudinal
direction of the discontinuous multi-overlapped vehicle body member;

a rear inserting part having a predetermined width smaller than that of the front connecting part and a predetermined length,
and positioned at a rear side in the longitudinal direction; and

an impact absorbing part formed between the front connecting part and the rear inserting part and having a width varied in
the longitudinal direction,

wherein the rear inserting part of one divided member in the plurality of divided members is inserted into the front connecting
part of an adjacent divided member in the plurality of divided members, and

wherein the rear inserting part of the one divided member and the front connecting part of the adjacent divided member are
connected by welding.

US Pat. No. 9,432,207

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR TRANSFERRING MESSAGE IN ETHERNET BASED VEHICLE NETWORK

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A vehicle network message transferring method, comprising:
receiving individual messages whose destinations are different from vehicle devices via vehicle networks, by a gateway switch;
transmitting the received individual messages to an switch while one message contains the received individual messages, by
the gateway switch;

analyzing the received message and identifying destinations of the individual messages contained in the message, by the switch;
dividing the message containing information of the individual messages based on destinations and transmitting the divided
messages to the corresponding destinations, by the switch;

transmitting the message by the vehicle devices connected to the switch, and receiving the message by the switch; and
integrating the messages received from the vehicle devices into one message and transmitting the integrated message to the
gateway switch, the switch,

integrating the messages received from the vehicle devices into one message and transmitting the integrated message to the
gateway switch, by the switch,

wherein the switch analyzes a frame of the received message to determine whether to divide or integrate the message, and calls
one of a message dividing algorithm and a message integrating algorithm to divide or integrate the message based on the algorithm.

US Pat. No. 9,150,169

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DIAGNOSING FAILURE OF OIL PRESSURE SENSOR

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A method of diagnosing failure of an oil pressure sensor that senses oil pressure in a target device, comprising:
storing, by a controller, an ignition off time at which an ignition is turned off;
detecting, by the controller, an ignition on time at which the ignition is turned on after the ignition has been turned off;
calculating, by the controller, an elapsed time from the ignition off time to the ignition on time;
determining, by the controller, whether the elapsed time is equal to or greater than a predetermined time;
executing a diagnostic routine, by the controller, to detect failure of the oil pressure sensor when the elapsed time is equal
to or greater than the predetermined time; and

stopping, by the controller, the diagnosing failure of the oil pressure sensor when the elapsed time is less than the predetermined
time.

US Pat. No. 9,128,290

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR COMBINING LANE INFORMATION WITH A FAR-INFRARED NIGHT VISION IMAGE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A night vision system of a vehicle comprising:
a lane recognition module comprising a lane detection image capturing device and a first controller configured to receive
lane detection image data from the lane detection image capturing device and output the lane detection image data to a second
controller;

a far-infrared night vision module comprising a far-infrared image capturing device and the second controller, wherein the
second controller is configured to receive the lane detection image data from the first controller, receive a far-infrared
image from the far-infrared image capturing device, set the far-infrared image as a reference image with reference coordinates
and correct the lane detection image data to match the reference coordinates, and then, combine the corrected lane detection
image data from the first controller with the far-infrared image such that lanes from the lane detection image data are matched
to the far-infrared image based on the reference coordinates of the far-infrared image, and output the combined image to a
display means; and

a thermal sensor and a far-infrared lamp installed around a fog light or head light to carry out an imaging operation of the
far-infrared image capturing device such that the far-infrared lamp emits far-infrared rays toward a subject area in front
of the vehicle and, at the same time, the thermal sensor detects heat of an object in front of the vehicle,

wherein the far-infrared image capturing device takes the far-infrared image that is an image of a road in front of the vehicle,
and the image is transmitted to the second controller, and at the same that the far-infrared image capturing device takes
the image, the lane detection image capturing device takes a lane information image of the road, which is transmitted to the
first controller.

US Pat. No. 9,068,075

THERMOSETTING RESIN COMPOSITION FOR STEEL INSERTS AND METHOD FOR PRODUCTION THEREOF

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A thermosetting resin composition for steel inserts comprising a thermosetting resin composite and a glass fiber,
wherein the thermosetting resin composite comprises about 100 PHR of an unsaturated polyester resin, about 30 to 40 PHR of
a low shrinkage agent, about 5 to 8 PHR of a release agent, about 130 to 140 PHR of a filler, about 2 to 8 PHR of a thickening
agent, and about 1 to 2 PHR of a curing agent, based on 100 PHR of the unsaturated polyester resin,

wherein the low shrinkage agent comprises at least two selected from the group consisting of polyethylene, polybutadiene and
polyurethane,

wherein the filler comprises at least one selected from the group consisting of aluminum hydroxide and silica.

US Pat. No. 9,353,705

COOLER SYSTEM FOR VEHICLE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A cooler system for a vehicle, comprising:
an Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) cooler configured to selectively discharge an EGR gas through or not through an interior
of the EGR cooler to an outside depending on a warm up state of an engine, wherein the EGR gas, when discharged through the
interior of the EGR cooler, serving to transfer heat to selectively cooling water or oil depending on a warm up state of an
engine;

an oil cooler configured to flow oil, the oil serving to absorb heat from the cooling water which is discharged to the outside
after it transfers heat to the oil;

a cooling water line configured to selectively transfer the cooling water directly to the oil cooler without passing through
the EGR cooler or to the oil cooler by way of the EGR cooler depending on the warm up state of the engine; and

an oil line configured to selectively transfer the oil supplied from an oil pump to the oil cooler without passing through
the EGR cooler or to an oil filter after passing through the EGR cooler depending on the warm up state of the engine, the
oil filter serving to filter impurities contained in the oil from the oil cooler.

US Pat. No. 9,352,699

CARRIER APPARATUS FOR VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A carrier apparatus for a vehicle, comprising:
guide rails substantially symmetrically disposed under a rear bumper beam and extending in a front-rear direction;
a carrier having a panel and sliding rails extending from both sides of the panel to the corresponding guide rails, and stowed
or drawn out under the rear bumper beam by sliding in the front-rear direction along the guide rails;

tilting rails extending on same lines at rear ends of the guide rails and capable of tilting on the rear bumper beam;
tilting adjusters disposed adjacent the tilting rails at the rear ends of the guide rails and restricting turning of the tilting
rails by being selectively coupled to the tilting rails; and

damping units having first ends connected to the guide rails and second ends connected to the tilting adjusters, and reducing
turning speed of the tilting rails when the tilting adjusters are separated from the tilting rails and the tilting rails turn,

wherein each of the tilting rails includes a fixing bracket disposed at a rear end of a corresponding guide rail and a tilting
bracket disposed behind the fixing bracket at the rear end of the corresponding guide rail and capable of turning on the rear
bumper beam.

US Pat. No. 9,316,170

CONTROLLER INTEGRATED FUEL PUMP MODULE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A controller integrated fuel pump module for a vehicle, comprising
a reservoir cup configured to be fixed to an interior of a fuel tank,
a fuel pump installed in an interior of the reservoir cup to pump fuel introduced into the interior of the reservoir cup,
and

a flange for fixing the reservoir cup and the fuel pump to the fuel tank,
wherein a receiving part is formed to an outer surface of the flange and may include includes an inner space, and
wherein a printed circuit board (PCB) assembly configured to mount devices of a controller to a PCB is molded in the receiving
part, in a state in which the PCB assembly is received in the receiving part, and a molding portion surrounds the PCB assembly
in the receiving part,

wherein a connector unit for connecting terminals to the outside of the fuel pump is formed in the flange,
wherein first ends of the terminals are connected to an inner side of the connector unit to be connected to the outside, second
ends of the terminals are connected to the PCB, and remaining portions of the terminals except for both the first and second
ends are buried in the connector unit and the receiving part,

wherein terminals for outputting gauge signals of a float gauge are installed at the connector unit,
wherein first ends of the terminals for outputting the gauge signals are connected to an inner side of the connector to be
connected to the outside, and

wherein second ends of the terminals for outputting the gauge signals are provided to pass through the flange so as to be
connected to the float gauge which is disposed at an inner side of the fuel tank, and remaining portions of the terminals
expect for both the first and second ends are buried in the connector unit and the receiving part.

US Pat. No. 9,481,333

BUMPER BACK BEAM FOR VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A bumper back beam for a vehicle comprising:
side portions connected to a vehicle body and formed of general plastic on both sides thereof; and
an intermediate portion connecting the side portions on both sides thereof and formed of high-strength plastic and a predetermined
section, both ends of which encroach into the side portions to form overlap sections having a hollow space enclosed by the
side portion and the intermediate portion,

wherein the side portion is connected to a side member of the vehicle body.

US Pat. No. 9,365,114

HIGH VOLTAGE SYSTEM OF ELECTRIC VEHICLES

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A high voltage system of an electric vehicle, comprising:
a high voltage battery consisting of a plurality of cells, wherein one or more cells selected from the plurality of cells
of the high voltage battery are directly connected to low voltage electric equipment of the vehicle through an NC relay, the
one or more cells being less in number than the plurality of cells; and

an LDC connected to the high voltage battery through a high voltage relay,
wherein the high voltage battery turns on the high voltage relay by using power of the one or more cells at ignition-on, and
power of the LDC is supplied to the low voltage electric equipment after the ignition-on, and

wherein the power from the one or more cells of the high voltage battery is supplied to the low voltage electric equipment
at ignition-off to allow the one or more cells of the high voltage battery to function in place of a low-voltage sub-battery.

US Pat. No. 9,353,806

METHOD OF ESTIMATING TORQUE OF TRANSMISSION CLUTCH

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A method of estimating a torque of a transmission clutch, comprising:
deducing, by a controller, an engine transient torque based on an engine angular speed measured using a sensor, an engine
static torque deduced using a data map and a load torque depending on a driving load;

deducing, by the controller, an estimated engine angular speed based on the engine static torque and the engine transient
torque;

deducing, by the controller, an estimated clutch torque resulted from slipping of the transmission clutch by summing an integration
value and an error compensation value, wherein the integration value and the error compensation value are deduced based on
a difference between the estimated engine angular speed and the measured engine angular speed; and

controlling, by the controller, the transmission clutch by using the estimated clutch torque.

US Pat. No. 10,091,898

POWER CONVERSION DEVICE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A power conversion device comprising:a housing in which a power module is mounted;
a multi-phase output bus-bar having one end electrically connected to the power module and a remaining end penetrating the housing so as to be directly exposed to an outside; and a fixture,
the housing further including: a housing main body having an accommodation space with an open top side, the power module being provided in the accommodation space; and a cover for covering the open top side of the housing main body, the multi-phase output bus-bar penetrating the cover,
wherein the fixture is accommodated within the housing main body, the fixture serving to fix the multi-phase output bus-bar,
the fixture further having an upper end configured to be press-fitted into and fixed to a lower surface of the cover.

US Pat. No. 9,371,069

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING ENGINE CLUTCH OF HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A method for controlling an engine clutch of a hybrid electric vehicle having a serial arrangement of an integrated hybrid
starter and generator (HSG), an engine, the engine clutch, a motor, and a transmission with respect to torque transmission,
the engine clutch being configured to selectively connect the engine and the motor, the method comprising:
determining whether a release of the engine clutch is required while the hybrid electric vehicle is operating with fuel cut
off;

calculating an engine friction torque when the release of the engine clutch is required;
increasing an output torque of the HSG by an absolute value of the calculated engine friction torque, when the release of
the engine clutch is required;

decreasing a motor torque corresponding to the output torque of the HSG at the same time with the increasing of the output
torque of the HSG, a sum of the motor torque and the output torque of the HSG being controlled to be the same as the demand
torque of a driver, so that a delivery of the demand torque is maintained to the transmission during the decreasing of the
motor torque and the increasing of the output torque of the HSG; and

releasing the engine clutch when the output torque of the HSG is equal to the engine friction torque.

US Pat. No. 9,140,147

MULTIPLE VARIABLE VALVE LIFT APPARATUS

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A multiple variable valve lift apparatus, comprising:
an engine-driven camshaft having a hollow cylinder shape;
control shafts disposed in a hollow of the camshaft;
a cam disposed on an exterior circumference of the camshaft to rotate together with the camshaft;
a cam rod connecting the control shaft with the cam such that the control shaft and the cam move together;
an operating unit disposed on the exterior circumference of the camshaft to rotate together with the camshaft;
an operating unit rod connecting the control shaft with the operating unit such that the control shaft and the operating unit
move together;

a solenoid selectively connected with the operating unit, and moving the operating unit along an axial direction of the camshaft;
and

a tappet contacting the cam to transform rotational motion of the cam to rectilinear motion of a valve;
wherein the cam includes at least two cams in which shapes of cam lobes are different from each other and move together with
the operating unit along the axial direction of the camshaft such that a cam contacting to a tappet of one of the at least
two cams is selected,

wherein the control shafts are separately provided such that the number of the control shafts corresponds to the number of
cylinders formed in an engine, and the control shafts are respectively connected to at least one cam of the at least two cams
to independently control valve lift in each cylinder of the engine.

US Pat. No. 9,481,227

AIR CONDITIONING APPARATUS FOR VEHICLES

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. An air conditioning apparatus for a vehicle, comprising:
an air conditioning housing having a discharge chamber through which conditioned air is discharged out of the air conditioning
housing, the discharge chamber comprising, in a positional sequence from a front side to a rear side of the vehicle, a defrost
vent, a main vent, a floor vent and a rear seat vent, wherein the floor vent comprises a pair of floor vents formed on opposite
sides of a rear portion of the air conditioning housing behind the main vent, and the rear seat vent is formed between the
pair of floor vents; and

a mode door having a panel shape and sliding on the discharge chamber of the air conditioning housing, the mode door including:
a front opening hole formed in a front portion of the mode door, the front opening hole having a linear shape; a pair of main
opening holes formed in a rear portion of the mode door at positions spaced apart from each other by a predetermined distance;
and a rear-end opening hole formed behind a first portion provided between the main opening holes,

wherein a separation bar is provided in the defrost vent, the separation bar crossing the defrost vent in a lateral direction
so that the defrost vent is partitioned into a front defrost vent portion and a rear defrost vent portion by the separation
bar,

wherein the mode door further includes a rear opening hole formed in the front portion of the mode door, the rear opening
hole having a linear shape and being parallel to the front opening hole, and

wherein when the air conditioning apparatus is in a main-floor mode, the front opening hole is blocked by an outer wall of
the air conditioning housing and the rear opening hole is blocked by the separation bar so that a defrost air-conditioning
operation is not conducted, the rear-end opening hole is matched with the rear seat vent so that a rear seat air-conditioning
operation is conducted, the main opening holes are matched with the main vent so that a center air-conditioning operation
is performed, and a lower edge of the mode door that is disposed adjacent to the main opening holes is disposed over the floor
vent so that a floor air-conditioning operation is conducted.

US Pat. No. 9,473,607

MOBILE PHONE HOLDER FOR VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A mobile phone holder for a vehicle mounted to a docking portion which is provided with a power plug and formed to a center
fascia, the holder comprising:
a supporter selectively mounted to the docking portion and a connecting pin connected with the power plug provided at an end
of the supporter;

a center cradle rotatably mounted to another end of the supporter, and provided with a connecting terminal thereto;
an upper cradle disposed at an upper portion of the center cradle and supporting an upper portion of a mobile phone;
a moving unit disposed within the center cradle and selectively sliding the upper cradle according to a size of the mobile
phone; and

a charging unit provided with a charging connector electrically connected with the connecting terminal corresponding to a
charging terminal of the mobile phone, and assembled to or disassembled from the center cradle, and the charging unit fixing
the mobile phone to the center cradle by connecting the charging terminal of the mobile phone with the charging connector,

wherein the charging unit includes:
a charging cradle provided with the charging connector to an upper portion thereof corresponding to the charging terminal
of the mobile phone and a charging pin to a side thereof corresponding to the connecting terminal;

an insert end connecting the charging cradle to the center cradle;
a rotating hook rotatably disposed within the charging cradle and connecting the charging cradle to the center cradle; and
a hook button rotatably mounted to the charging cradle and selectively rotating the rotating hook to connect or disconnect
the rotating hook to or from the center cradle.

US Pat. No. 9,321,453

ENGINE CLUTCH CONTROL SYSTEM FOR HYBRID VEHICLE AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING ENGINE CLUTCH

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An engine clutch control system for a hybrid vehicle, comprising:
a power source including an engine and a motor;
an engine clutch disposed between the engine and the motor;
a traveling information detector that detects traveling information including at least one of a vehicle speed, a shift gear,
displacement of an accelerator pedal, and displacement of a brake pedal; and

a hybrid controller performing an EV mode or an HEV mode by controlling disengagement or engagement of the engine clutch,
wherein the hybrid controller controls engagement of the engine clutch in accordance with inertia of the vehicle and transmission
torque from the engine clutch, if there is a request for changing into the HEV mode from the EV mode.

US Pat. No. 9,321,455

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR OPENING ENGINE CLUTCH OF HYBRID VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A method for opening an engine clutch of a hybrid vehicle, comprising:
applying, by a controller, an opening control signal for an engine clutch to shift a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) mode to
an electric vehicle (EV) mode;

driving, by the controller, a hybrid starter generator (HSG) with a torque converged with a friction torque of an engine while
terminating fuel injection into the engine, when the opening of the engine clutch starts to adjust; and

opening, by the controller, locked-up pressure of the engine clutch to open the engine clutch, when an input torque of the
engine clutch becomes zero by converging a driving torque of the HSG connected to the engine to the friction torque of the
engine.

US Pat. No. 9,255,431

OPENING/CLOSING ASSISTING APPARATUS OF GATE FOR TRUCK

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An apparatus for assisting opening/closing of a gate for a truck, which assists opening/closing of the gate pivotally mounted
to an end of a floor panel of the truck, the apparatus comprising:
a housing mounted onto a lower side of the floor panel;
a lifter having a first end pivotally coupled to the housing, wherein the lifter generates elastic repulsive force when being
compressed while a length of the lifter is decreased;

a first arm having a first end which is pivotally connected to a second end of the lifter;
a second arm having a first end pivotally mounted on the housing and a second end pivotally connected to a second end of the
first arm; and

a third arm having a first end pivotally connected to a third end of the second arm and a second end pivotally connected to
the gate that is pivotally connected to the floor panel,

wherein when the gate rotates downwardly and is opened, the first arm, the second arm, and the third arm are moved to compress
the lifter.

US Pat. No. 9,429,200

DCT CONTROL METHOD IN CASE OF FAILURE OF WHEEL SPEED SENSOR

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A dual clutch transmission (DCT) control method in case of failure of a wheel speed sensor, comprising:
a sensor checking step (S10) of checking, by a controller, states of a wheel speed sensor and two input shaft sensors;

a gear coupling confirming step (S20) of confirming, by the controller, whether shift gears are coupled when the wheel speed sensor has failed and the two input
shaft speed sensors are normal as a result of performing the sensor checking step (S10); and

a top stage coupling step (S30) of coupling, by the controller, a top stage shift gear of the DCT using a gear actuator when all shift gears of the DCT
are not coupled as result of performing the gear coupling confirming step (S20).

US Pat. No. 9,364,971

SEALING APPARATUS AND METHOD OF FOAM INJECTION MOLD

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A sealing apparatus of a foam injection mold comprising:
an upper mold disposed on an upper side and operates as a movable mold to inject a core and a vacuum forming mold to form
a skin, wherein the upper mold and the vacuum forming mold are operated integrally;

a lower mold used during injection-molding and foaming of the core; and
a resilient sealing unit integrally formed with the core when the core is injection-molded between the upper mold and the
lower mold, to attach the core and the skin while the lower mold in which the core is formed and the vacuum forming mold in
which the skin is formed are combined using a resilient restoring force,

wherein the resilient sealing unit seals a foaming space between the core and the skin.

US Pat. No. 9,355,507

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR COLLECTING DATA OF VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A system for collecting vehicle data, the system comprising:
at least one vehicle controller in a vehicle network configured to control driving of a vehicle;
a server configured to monitor a load state of the vehicle network and request a data collection by adjusting a control parameter
corresponding to a selected vehicle controller according to an available capacity in the vehicle network when any one of the
at least one vehicle controller is selected; and

a data collection device configured to request data corresponding to the control parameter according to a request of the server
by determining an error range based on the load state of the vehicle network,

wherein the at least one vehicle controller detects the data corresponding to the control parameter and arranges and transmits
the data corresponding to the control parameter based on the load state of the vehicle network and the error range.

US Pat. No. 9,283,861

ON-BOARD BATTERY CHARGER FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLES AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An on-board battery charger which cooperates with a battery management system (BMS) and charges batteries by converting
alternating current power input from an external charging facility into direct current power, the on-board battery charger
comprising a memory and a processor, the memory configured to store program instructions and the processor configured to execute
the program instructions, the program instructions when executed configured to:
sense a voltage value of power input from the charging facility in the initial stage of charging which the charging facility
is connected to charge the batteries;

receive a pulse width modulation (PWM) signal of a current value of the power from the charging facility;
calculate an output voltage value to be output to the batteries using the sensed voltage value of the input power;
calculate an output current value to be output to the batteries using a duty value of the received PWM signal; and
transmit the calculated output voltage and current values to the cooperating BMS to calculate an estimated charging time.

US Pat. No. 9,252,526

WATERPROOF CONNECTOR FOR VEHICLE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A waterproof connector for a vehicle, comprising:
a main housing having a first mounting hole, formed on a front side thereof, in which a front holder is disposed and a second
mounting hole, formed on a rear side thereof, in which an inner housing and a subcover are disposed;

a watertight front seal disposed inside the first mounting hole before the front holder;
a watertight rear seal engaged with a peripheral of an inner side and disposed inside the second mounting hole of the main
housing with the inner housing;

a plurality of terminals, each of which has a connector portion which is disposed inside a terminal-connecting hole of the
front holder and a wire-welding portion which is disposed inside a terminal insertion hole of the inner housing, in which
the connector portion and the wire-welding portion are integrally formed with each other; and

watertight and vibration-absorbing materials attached to a lower side of an upper cover and an upper side of a lower cover
of the subcover protecting a plurality of wire-welding portions of the plurality terminals,

wherein the front holder is disposed inside the first mounting hole of the main housing, closely attached to the front seal,
and has the plurality of terminal connecting holes corresponding to the plurality of terminals,

the inner housing, which is disposed inside the second mounting hole of the main housing, has the plurality of terminal insertion
holes corresponding to the plurality of terminals, a front press-fitting end inside the second mounting hole, and a rear seal
seat, a thickness of which is thinner than that of the front press-fitting end, and

the subcover is disposed inside the second mounting hole of the main housing and includes the upper cover and the lower cover
which are assembled with upper and lower sides of the rear seal seat of the inner housing to cover the wire-welding portions
of the terminals.

US Pat. No. 9,242,573

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING AIR SUPPLY OF FUEL CELL VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A method for controlling an air supply of a fuel cell vehicle, comprising:
calculating, by a controller, an available power of the fuel cell vehicle which is calculated based on a currently available
power of the fuel cell and discharge power calculated in a battery;

calculating, by the controller, a motoring request power of a driving motor, based on the calculated available power and power
required in the driving motor;

calculating, by the controller, stack request power required in the fuel cell based on a required charging request power depending
on a state of charge (SOC) of the battery and the calculated motoring request power; and

controlling the air supply to the fuel cell depending on the calculated stack request power,
wherein the motoring request power is calculated based on a final torque value which is a sum of an available limitation torque
and a driving torque,

wherein the available limitation torque is calculated based on the available power, and
wherein the driving torque is calculated depending on a motion of an accelerator pedal.

US Pat. No. 9,160,859

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DYNAMIC CONFIGURATION FOR MOBILE COMMUNICATION DEVICE FUNCTIONS

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A method for dynamic configuration of one function for a mobile communication device, said method comprising:
a first antenna of said mobile communication device transmitting data communication via a wireless network;
first module receiving a first code from a short-range wireless transmitter at an in-range vicinity of said short-range wireless
transmitter via a second antenna;

wherein said first module runs in said mobile communication device and said short-range wireless transmitter is outside of
said first mobile communication device;

determining a first signal power level indicator, based on a first wireless signal detected by said second antenna from said
short-range wireless transmitter;

when said first code indicates an in-range status and said first signal power level indicator indicates a deactivation range,
modifying a first set of function related to said data communication corresponding to said mobile communication device;

receiving one parameter from a database;
dynamically modifying said first set of function related to said data communication corresponding to said mobile communication
device, based on said one parameter.

US Pat. No. 9,139,168

PEDAL SIMULATOR HAVING MULTI-STAGE SERIES SPRING

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A pedal simulator using a multi-stage series spring, comprising:
a cylinder into which an operation rod connected to a brake pedal is inserted;
a piston installed in the cylinder to receive a force of the operation rod;
a plurality of springs installed between the cylinder and the piston to resiliently support the piston in the cylinder and
disposed to overlap each other from an inner side to an outer side; and

a plurality of spring seats disposed in the cylinder to overlap each other from an inner side to an outer side and configured
to support the springs while being interposed between the springs, the plurality of springs including a first spring, at least
one second spring, and a third spring,

wherein each of the spring seats has a flange end at one end thereof, and a cup shape having a bottom surface portion at an
opposite end thereof, the spring seats are selectively engaged by the piston at the flange ends of the spring seats, and the
springs are disposed inside the spring seats in a multi-stage spring disposition series structure, the plurality of spring
seats including an innermost spring seat and an outermost spring seat,

wherein the first spring is installed between the piston and the innermost spring seat, the at least one second spring is
positioned between a flange end of one of the spring seats and a bottom surface portion of another of the spring seats adjacent
to the one of the spring seats, and a third springs is positioned between a flange end of the outermost spring seat and a
bottom surface of the cylinder, and

wherein a cushion member contacting the outmost spring seat during movement of the piston is installed at the bottom surface
of the cylinder.

US Pat. No. 9,370,987

ROTATABLE SUN VISOR MIRROR OF VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A rotatable sun visor mirror of a vehicle comprising:
a mirror housing fixed to a sun visor main body;
a mirror inserted into and seated on the mirror housing;
a locking mechanism locking the mirror in a state being inserted into and seated on the mirror housing and releasing the mirror
by a user manipulation; and

an operating unit provided between the mirror housing and the mirror, having an elastic member, operating the mirror popping-up
out of the mirror housing in a vertical direction due to an elastic force of the elastic member and rotating in a horizontal
plane at a released state.

US Pat. No. 9,305,408

MULTIPLE ELECTRONIC CONTROL UNIT DIAGNOSING SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A multiple electronic control unit (ECU) diagnosing system for a vehicle, comprising:
diagnostic equipment installed in the vehicle and having multiple diagnostic information software (MDIS) to provide diagnostic
instructions for a plurality of ECUs and to transmit and receive signals;

a multiple diagnostic protocol (MDP) which is an Ethernet communication protocol having a data structure for multiple diagnoses
between the diagnostic equipment and a gateway of the vehicle; and

a diagnostic distribution system (DDS) for analyzing the MDP and performing diagnosis communications with the ECUs connected
to the gateway through a network,

wherein the diagnostic equipment and the DDS of the gateway are connected to each other through an Ethernet communication
network, and

wherein the plurality of ECUs, which transmit and receive diagnostic information to and from the DDS, are connected to each
other through different communication networks or through one identical communication network.

US Pat. No. 9,273,977

METHOD OF SETTING VIA-POINT IN NAVIGATION SYSTEM

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A navigation system including a control unit being configured to perform a method of setting a via-point, in which the
control unit of the navigation system is configured to:
input a plurality of starting places including a starting place of a driver and a starting place of a fellow passenger;
receive an indication of a selection of a plurality of via-points;
when the starting place of the fellow passenger is selected as a first via-point of the plurality of via-points, search for
a first travelling route including the first via-point from the starting place of the driver to a destination of the driver;
and

when the starting place of the fellow passenger is not selected as the first via-point, input information about public transportation
means for movement of the fellow passenger from the starting place of the fellow passenger to a second via-point of the plurality
of via-points, and calculate an optimum via-point as the second via-point based on the inputted information to be included
within a second travelling route from the starting place of the driver to the destination of the driver.

US Pat. No. 9,194,437

MOUNTING STRUCTURE OF DRIVE-SHAFT

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A mounting structure of a drive-shaft which transmits a driving force of a transmission to a wheel, comprising:
a shaft including a first end operably connected to a transmission and a second end operably connected to a driven wheel;
a housing operably coupling the first end of the shaft to the transmission;
a spring guide slidably disposed inside the housing, including an end facing the first end of the shaft; and
a spring with one end supported by the spring guide and another end supported by the housing,
wherein the transmission has a companion flange including a cup-shaped coupling portion, so when the housing enters the coupling
portion, with the shaft operably coupled with the driven wheel, an elastic force of the spring biases the housing into the
coupling portion, and

wherein spherical surfaces that protrude toward each other are formed at the end of the spring guide which faces the shaft
and the first end of the shaft which faces the spring guide, respectively.

US Pat. No. 9,139,083

LPG BOMB APPARATUS

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) storage apparatus comprising:
a fuel charging unit formed on an LPG container to refill fuel into the LPG container;
a fuel conduit through which the fuel flows from the fuel charging unit to a fuel pump arranged outside of the LPG container;
a first check valve that is formed on the fuel conduit inside the LPG container and allows the fuel to flow through the fuel
conduit when a pressure is generated in the fuel pump; and

a second check valve that is formed on the fuel conduit inside the LPG container, is spaced apart from the first check valve,
and discharges the fuel to be charged by the fuel charging unit to the LPG container.

US Pat. No. 9,097,446

AIR-CONDITIONING APPARATUS FOR VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An air-conditioning apparatus for a vehicle, comprising:
an evaporator core and a heater core disposed on a ventilation channel overlapping each other;
a thermoelectric device having a heat generating surface and a heat absorbing surface;
a cooling line including a first cooling channel through which cooling water circulates around the heat absorbing surface
and the evaporator core, and a second cooling channel through which the cooling water circulates around the heat absorbing
surface and an engine;

a heating line including a first heating channel through which the cooling water circulates around the heat generating surface
and the heater core, and a second heating channel through which the cooling water circulates around the engine and the heater
core; and

a controller configured to control concurrent circulation through the second cooling channel and the first heating channel
or circulation through the second heating channel in a heating mode via control of one or more valves.

US Pat. No. 9,267,402

MULTISTAGE VARIABLE VALVE LIFT APPARATUS, SYSTEM AND ENGINE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A multistage variable valve lift apparatus comprising:
a camshaft;
a plurality of cams slidably provided on the camshaft and each including a cam base with a guide projection and a cam lobe;
a solenoid unit that comprises an operating rod with a guide slot into which the guide projection is selectively inserted;
and

a valve opening/closing portion that comes into selective contact any one of the plurality of cams,
wherein the plurality of cams, the solenoid unit, and the valve opening/closing portion constitute a single variable valve
unit,

wherein two variable valve units are provided for each cylinder, and
wherein each of the variable valve units provided in the cylinder has a different number of cams.

US Pat. No. 9,188,128

ELECTRIC WATER PUMP

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. An electric water pump, comprising:
a motor having:
a rotating shaft;
a rotor assembly fitted over a circumferential outer surface of the rotating shaft, the rotor assembly rotatably installed
in a space through which a pumped coolant flows;

a stator assembly enclosing the rotor assembly and providing magnetic force for rotating the rotor assembly using electricity;
and

a sealing can forming an inner surface of the stator assembly such that a gap is defined between the inner surface of the
stator assembly and a circumferential outer surface of the rotor assembly, the sealing can enclosing and rotatably supporting
both a rear end of the rotor assembly and a rear end of the rotating shaft;

a pump cover having an inlet through which the coolant is drawn thereinto, an outlet through which the coolant is discharged
therefrom, and a pumping space in which an impeller rotates; and

a body cover coupled to the pump cover and defining the pumping space along with the pump cover, the body cover defining,
separately from the pumping space, a motor space receiving therein the stator assembly and the rotor assembly of the motor,

wherein a sealing coupling end is provided on a front end of the sealing can, and a sealing member is interposed between the
sealing coupling end and the body cover so that an inside of the sealing can is sealed and isolated from the outside,

a communication hole is formed in the body cover and disposed radially inward of the sealing member, the communication hole
communicating the pumping space with the space in which the rotor assembly is installed, and

a front bearing is provided in the body cover and disposed radially inward of the communication hole, the front bearing rotatably
supporting the front end of the rotating shaft.

US Pat. No. 9,126,479

HYBRID POWER TRAIN FOR VEHICLE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A hybrid power train for a vehicle comprising:
a shift module provided with a plurality of shift steps of a synchro-mesh type on a first input shaft and an output shaft
that are arranged in parallel to each other;

a second input shaft that is driven by a motor and arranged coaxially with the first input shaft;
a shaft clutch means provided for coupling or decoupling the second input shaft and the first input shaft;
a motor side driving gear that is arranged rotatably on the second input shaft;
a motor side driven gear that is arranged rotatably on the output shaft to be meshed with the motor side driving gear;
a first clutch means provided for coupling or decoupling the motor side driving gear to or from the second input shaft;
a second clutch means provided for coupling or decoupling the motor side driven gear to or from the output shaft; and
a variable gear ratio providing means provided on the second input shaft to alternatively transfer a rotational force of the
second input shaft to the output shaft with two gear ratios different from the shift module through the motor side driving
gear and the motor side driven gear.

US Pat. No. 9,126,247

OUTER PANEL FOR PILLAR OF VEHICLE, AND METHOD AND ROLLING APPARATUS FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. An outer panel for a pillar of a vehicle, comprising:
an inner panel;
a central portion including flanges at opposite sides thereof for bonding to the inner panel, and including opposite side
portions between the central portion and the flanges in a transverse sectional shape;

wherein each of the side portions located at opposite sides of the central portion has a collision energy absorbing section
having a thickness that is smaller than that of the central portion, and

wherein an outer surface of the side portions of the collision energy absorbing section includes a reentrant shape curved
towards an inner surface of the side portions.

US Pat. No. 9,377,025

COMPRESSOR HOUSING AND TWO-STAGE TURBOCHARGER THEREOF

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A compressor housing of a turbocharger surrounding an impeller of a compressor, and compressing and discharging air suctioned
from the impeller, comprising:
a body including:
an impeller seating portion mounting the impeller at a center of the body,
an air inflow hole in communication with the impeller seating portion formed at a first side of the body,
an air outflow hole formed at a second side of the body, and
a scroll-shaped air path in communication with the air inflow hole to the air outflow hole and surrounding the impeller seating
portion; and

a cooling chamber provided in the body and including:
a cooling water path through which cooling water flows and cools air flowing on the air path, and
a plurality of exits in communication with the cooling water path,
wherein the cooling chamber includes an annular shape having two ends, the two ends adjacent and separated from each other,
wherein the plurality of exits includes two exits, the two exits respectively provided at the two ends of the cooling chamber,
and

wherein a full body of the cooling water path is disposed between the air inflow hole and the scroll-shaped air path.
US Pat. No. 9,352,664

CHARGING CONTROL METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A charging control method for a vehicle with a built-in on board charger (OBC) including a power factor correction (PFC)
converter connected to an AC power source to convert an AC input voltage into a DC voltage and compensate for the power factor
of the voltage, and a DC-DC converter for converting the DC voltage output from the PFC converter, the charging control method
comprising:
sensing, by a voltage detector, a battery voltage during charging;
calculating, by a controller, a target value to maintain an output voltage of the PFC converter from the sensed battery voltage
and the maximum available duty value of the DC-DC converter;

maintaining, by the controller, the output voltage of the PFC converter, based on the calculated target value; and
maintaining, by the controller, the output voltage of the DC-DC converter as the maximum available duty while the output voltage
of the PFC converter is maintained, based on the calculated target value.

US Pat. No. 9,280,963

PAD GENERATING RHYTHMIC SOUND WAVES

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A pad for generating rhythmic sound waves, the pad comprising:
at least two first patterns configured to generate a first sound wave in response to friction and spaced apart from each other
in an outward direction from a center in an x-y plane; and

at least two second patterns configured to generate a second sound wave in response to the friction,
wherein each of the at least two first patterns is spaced and positioned in a constant distance, the at least two second patterns
are positioned between two spaced first patterns among the at least two first patterns, and spaced distances between any one
of the at least two first patterns and any one of the at least two second patterns are different in the outward direction
from the center, and

wherein the outward direction includes a first direction, a second direction, a third direction, and a fourth direction.

US Pat. No. 9,255,528

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING AN EXHAUST BRAKE OF A VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A system for controlling an exhaust brake of a vehicle, comprising:
a measuring unit for measuring a rotation speed (RPM) of an engine;
a valve unit connected to an exhaust pipe of the engine;
an actuator connected to the valve unit and controlling an opening amount of the exhaust pipe; and
a control unit for controlling the actuator to control the opening amount of the valve unit,
wherein the control unit controls the actuator based on a rotation speed of the engine measured by the measuring unit, thereby
maintaining back pressure of exhaust gas generated by the exhaust brake to be constant,

wherein the actuator is a motor connected to the valve unit, and wherein the control unit controls the opening amount by controlling
a rotation of the motor, and

wherein the valve unit includes:
a first worm directly connected to and rotating with a rotating shaft of the motor;
a second worm engaged with the first worm and moving back or forth with a rotation of the first worm; and
a valve body connected to the second worm and disposed at an end of the exhaust pipe to control the opening amount of the
exhaust pipe by moving the valve body back and forth.

US Pat. No. 9,422,871

VARIABLE INTAKE SYSTEM FOR VEHICLE, AND APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE SAME

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An apparatus for controlling a variable intake system, the apparatus comprising:
a variable flap having an opening angle adjusted according to an operation region of an engine and to regulate an amount of
air introduced into the engine;

an engine RPM detecting unit configured to detect an RPM of the engine in a start-on state;
a pressure detecting unit configured to detect an intake pressure of air introduced into an engine;
a memory unit configured to store a target value of an intake pressure for an operation region of the engine and an opening
degree of the variable flap as map data;

a control unit configured to analyze an RPM of the engine to determine an operation region, and to apply the map data set
in the memory unit and determine a target amount of air for the operation region and an opening angle of the variable flap
according to the target amount of air to adjust an opening angle of the variable flap;

an actuator driven according to a current control signal applied by the control unit and configured to adjust an opening angle
of the variable flap; and

a position detecting unit configured to detect an operation position of the actuator to provide the detected operation position
to the control unit as feedback information,

wherein when the operation region of the engine is a low-speed/low-load condition, the control unit determines that the operation
region of the engine is a noise performance region, and applies the map data set to reduce intake booming and determines a
target amount of air and an opening angle of the variable flap according to the target amount of air to adjust an opening
angle of the variable flap.

US Pat. No. 9,296,371

POSITION ADJUSTABLE PEDAL

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A position adjustable pedal, comprising:
a pedal member configured to be fixedly mounted on a vehicle body and to have a front end with a hinge shaft and a plurality
of insertion holes formed around the hinge shaft along a rotating radial direction with respect to the hinge shaft;

a switch bracket configured to be rotatably mounted on the hinge shaft of the pedal member, provided with at least one fixing
hole corresponding to the plurality of insertion holes, and fixed to the pedal member by a fixing pin inserted into any one
of the plurality of insertion holes and any one of the at least one fixing hole; and

a pedal arm configured to be rotatably mounted on the hinge shaft, provided with a plurality of clevis holes corresponding
to a clevis extending from a booster, and connected to the booster by a clevis pin inserted into any one of the plurality
of clevis holes and the clevis.

US Pat. No. 9,272,738

STRUCTURE FOR CONNECTING WHEEL HOUSE PANEL TO REAR FLOOR OF VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A structure for connecting a wheel house panel with a rear floor of a vehicle which connects the rear floor forming a rear
portion of a bottom of the vehicle with the wheel house panel on which shock absorber mounting brackets attached to both sides
of the rear floor and supporting a shock absorber are mounted, the structure comprising:
a first member bending between a lower end of an inner side of the wheel house panel and a side of the rear floor, with both
ends attached to the wheel house panel and the rear floor, respectively, wherein the first member is formed as a single body;

a second member vertically elongated and attached to an outer side of the wheel house panel and disposed behind the shock
absorber mounting brackets; and

a third member vertically elongated and attached to the outer side of the wheel house panel and disposed in front of the shock
absorber mounting brackets,

wherein the first member has a U-shaped cross-section protruding from the wheel house panel towards the inner side of the
vehicle to form a closed vacant space between the first member and the wheel house panel, and

wherein the second member and the third member have U-shaped cross-sections protruding from the wheel house panel towards
the outer side of the vehicle to form closed vacant spaces between the second and third members and the wheel house panel.

US Pat. No. 9,254,840

APPARATUS, SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING ENGINE STARTING WHILE SHIFTING OF HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An apparatus for controlling engine starting while shifting a hybrid vehicle, the apparatus comprising:
an operating information detector configured to detect a current operating state of components of the hybrid electric vehicle;
and

a controller configured to control an operation of a transmission, a motor, an engine, and an engine clutch within the hybrid
vehicle based on an output signal from the operating information detector,

wherein the controller is configured to calculate a real shifting preparation time and an increase amount of a motor speed
during the real shifting preparation time when the current operating state requests a kick down shift required to start the
engine, and determines a target engine speed and an engine starting time by calculating an arrival time to reach the target
engine speed and in response, controls engine starting based on the engine starting time.

US Pat. No. 9,848,387

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND DISPLAY CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An electronic device comprising:
a display;
a communication module configured to receive a steering angle of a steering wheel of a vehicle from an external device;
a sensor module configured to detect movement of the electronic device; and
a control module configured to control such that power is supplied to the display when a movement is detected in the electronic
device by the sensor module, to determine whether a user of the electronic device is driving the vehicle based on the detected
movement of the electronic device and the steering angle of the steering wheel, and to control such that the supply of power
to the display is limited when it is determined that the user is driving,

wherein the control module is further configured to calculate a moving direction of the steering wheel based on the steering
angle of the steering wheel and to determine that the user is driving when the moving direction of the steering wheel is identical
to a moving direction of the electronic device for a designated number of times or more.

US Pat. No. 9,366,294

STRUCTURE OF BRACKET OF INNER-SHAFT BEARING

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An inner-shaft bearing bracket structure comprising:
an inner-shaft that is installed between a differential gear or a reduction gear connected to a motor or an engine for generating
rotational power of a vehicle and a drive shaft for transmitting the rotational power to wheels of the vehicle in a vehicle
width direction;

bearings which wrap an outer peripheral surface of the inner-shaft and to which the inner-shaft is rotatably coupled; and
a bearing bracket which connects a pipe that houses and supports the bearings therein and a boss formed on the motor to project,
wherein the bearing bracket is disposed on a side surface of the boss and is coupled by bolts in the vehicle width direction
of the vehicle body.

US Pat. No. 9,353,840

AUTOMATED MANUAL TRANSMISSION FOR VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An automated manual transmission apparatus for a vehicle, comprising:
a shifting unit equipped with a plurality of shifting mechanisms that implement different gear ratios between an input shaft
and an output shaft; and

a continuous transmission mechanism that is disposed between the output shaft and a power supply, wherein the continuous transmission
mechanism selectively supplies power to the input shaft of the shifting unit and selectively transmits power from the power
supply to the output shaft with a continuous transmission gear ratio,

wherein the continuous transmission mechanism includes:
a driving pulley connected to the power supply;
a belt engaged to the driving pulley and transmitting a rotational force of the driving pulley;
a driven pulley engaged to the belt and receiving the rotational force from the driving pulley through the belt; and
a pulley ratio-changing unit that continuously changes the diameter of the driving pulley and the diameter of the driven pulley
which are in contact with the belt,

wherein a clutch that selectively transmits the power from the power supply to the input shaft is disposed between the input
shaft and the power supply, and

wherein the clutch has a clutch disc disposed inside the driving pulley to control the power from the power supply.

US Pat. No. 9,273,779

MANUAL TRANSMISSION FOR VEHICLES

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A manual transmission for vehicles in which a first input gear on an input shaft is engaged with a first speed gear on
an output shaft and a reverse speed gear on a reverse speed output shaft is engaged with the first speed gear,
wherein the first input gear is selectively connected to the input shaft by a first synchronizer mechanism,
wherein the manual transmission further comprises a synchronizer operating device that operates the first synchronizer mechanism
by selective operations of a second synchronizer mechanism and a third synchronizer mechanism, and

wherein the synchronizer operating device further comprises:
a first rotation link interposed between a first shift rail for operating the third synchronizer mechanism and a second shift
rail for operating the first synchronizer mechanism and adapted to push the second shift rail to an opposite direction of
a moving direction of the first shift rail;

a second rotation link interposed between a third shift rail for operating the second synchronizer mechanism and the second
shift rail for operating the first synchronizer mechanism and adapted to push the second shift rail to an opposite direction
of a moving direction of the third shift rail; and

an elastic member supplying elastic force to the second shift rail to an original position.

US Pat. No. 9,096,278

ACTIVE AIR FLAP DEVICE FOR VEHICLES

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. An active air flap device for vehicles, comprising:
a first flap installed in a front end of a vehicle and rotated by power of an actuator to open or close;
a second flap installed at a location adjacent the first flap and configured such that the second flap rotates to open or
close;

a link module connected to the first flap at a first end thereof and connected to the second flap at a second end thereof,
wherein the link module moves upward and downward; and

a regulation unit provided in a central portion of the link module, wherein the regulation unit connects and disconnects a
link of the first flap to or from a link of the second flap,

wherein the link module comprises:
a first link to a side of which an end of the first flap is connected so that, when the first link is moved upward or downward,
the first link rotates the first flap so as to open or close the first flap; and

a second link installed at a location below the first link such that the second link is detachably attached to the first link,
in which an end of the second flap is connected to a side of the second link so that, when the second link is moved upward
or downward, the second link rotates the second flap so as to open or close the second flap, and

the regulation unit is a solenoid that is installed in an end of the first link or in an end of the second link which faces
the end of the first link, and so the solenoid connects or disconnects the first link and the second link to or from each
other by whether electric power has been applied to the solenoid or not.

US Pat. No. 9,823,229

HYDROGEN SENSOR AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A hydrogen sensor, comprising:
a substrate;
a metal oxide layer formed over the substrate;
a catalytic pattern formed over the metal oxide layer;
a protective layer formed over the metal oxide layer and the catalytic pattern;
a second recess formed over an upper surface of the metal oxide layer; and
wherein the catalytic pattern is disposed within the second recess.