US Pat. No. 9,149,827

POP-UP IRRIGATION SPRINKLER WITH SHOCK ABSORBING RISER RETRACTION SPRINGS

HUNTER INDUSTRIES, INC., ...

1. An irrigation sprinkler, comprising:
an outer case having an upstream end and a downstream end;
a riser having a downstream end and an upstream end and telescopically extensible from the outer case including a nozzle at
the downstream end of the riser;

a coil spring surrounding the riser and normally holding the riser in a lower retracted position within the outer case, the
coil spring being dimensioned and configured to permit extension of the riser to a raised upper position when pressurized
water is introduced into the outer case; and

a shock absorber comprising at least one spring member;
the shock absorber positioned between a lower-most upstream end of the riser and a rigid structure in the upstream end of
the case for lessening the forces otherwise exerted on the riser during rapid retraction of the riser.

US Pat. No. 9,153,970

DRIVE CIRCUIT FOR DC LATCHING DEVICES

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. A drive circuit for a DC latching device, comprising:
a battery;
a storage element;
a plurality of switches including a first switch connected between the battery to the storage element for charging the storage
element from the battery and a second switch connected between the storage element and a coil of a DC latching device for
discharging the storage element into the coil of the DC latching device;

circuitry that determines when the DC latching device has changed states; and
circuitry that terminates the discharge of the storage element into the coil of the DC latching device in response to determining
that the DC latching device has changed states.

US Pat. No. 9,609,720

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR PROVIDING POWER AND DATA TO LIGHTING DEVICES

HUNTER INDUSTRIES, INC., ...

1. A control device to control illumination intensity of a lighting device configured to be powered from a first sinusoidal
AC signal, the control device communicating with a controller configured to address a system of lights over a two-wire communication
network using a second sinusoidal AC signal with data encoded power waveforms that comprise command and address data including
illumination intensity data, said lighting device not in communication with said two-wire communication network, said control
device comprising:
a switching circuit configured to receive said first sinusoidal AC signal;
a detection circuit configured to receive said first sinusoidal AC signal and to sense phase information of said first sinusoidal
AC signal; and

a processor in communication with said two-wire communication network, the processor configured to determine control data
responsive to said command and address data and illumination intensity data of said data encoded power waveforms, to receive
said phase information, and to generate a trigger signal responsive to said phase information and said control data, said
trigger signal comprising a delay time based at least in part on said illumination intensity data, said switching circuit
further configured to receive said trigger signal and to generate a third sinusoidal AC signal by conducting said first sinusoidal
AC signal responsive to said trigger signal to said lighting device, said trigger signal inhibiting said conduction of said
first sinusoidal AC signal to said lighting device during said delay time, wherein a voltage of said third sinusoidal AC signal
is less than a voltage of said first sinusoidal AC signal when said delay time is non-zero;

wherein the control device is configured to be powered by said first sinusoidal AC signal, to receive said data encoded power
waveforms from said second sinusoidal AC signal, and to modify said first sinusoidal AC signal to produce said third sinusoidal
AC signal that is configured to power said lighting device and to control said illumination intensity of said lighting device,
wherein said third sinusoidal AC signal is different from said second sinusoidal AC signal.

US Pat. No. 9,295,170

PROGRAMMABLE LANDSCAPE LIGHTING CONTROLLER WITH SELF-DIAGNOSTIC CAPABILITIES AND FAIL SAFE FEATURES

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. A lighting controller, comprising:
a housing;
a power transformer mounted in the housing;
a switching device configured to connect and disconnect a primary winding of the power transformer to a source of AC power;
at least one electrical connection connected to a secondary winding of the power transformer; and
operator controls mounted in the housing and operatively connected to the source of AC power and the switching device, the
operator controls including a display, at least one manually actuable input device, a processor, a memory operatively connected
to the processor, and an operational program stored in the memory and executable by the processor for allowing a user to enter
operating times via the manually actuable input device and for closing and opening the switching device in accordance therewith.

US Pat. No. 9,345,155

LANDSCAPE CONTROLLER HOUSING WITH PIVOTABLE LOCKING FACE PACK

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. A landscape controller housing, comprising:
a face pack including an enclosure, at least one manual input device mounted in a front side of the enclosure, a pair of pivot
pins extending from a pair of opposite ends of the enclosure, and at least one locking pin extending from an end of the enclosure
and spaced from one of the pivot pins; and

an outer housing defining an interior sufficiently large to enclosure the face pack, the outer housing enclosing a chassis
having a pair of bearing slots each on opposite sides of the chassis, the bearing slots being configured such that the face
pack can be installed in the outer housing in a normal upright position in which the pivot pins are each received in a corresponding
one of the bearing slots, the face pack can be swung through a predetermined angle to allow the face pack to be removed from
the outer housing by sliding the pivot pins out of the bearing slots, and the face pack can be inserted into the outer housing
into a substantially horizontal service position by sliding both the pivot pins and the locking pin into the bearing slots.

US Pat. No. 9,455,559

PLUGGING DEVICE

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. A releasably lockable plugging device comprising:
a plug member;
a lock comprising a first locking portion and a second locking portion:
the second locking portion comprising:
a first surface facing generally away from the plug member, the first surface having a convex shape when the second locking
portion is in a released configuration and a concave shape when the second locking portion is in a locked configuration; and

a second surface opposite the first surface; and
the first locking portion connected to the plug member and to the second locking portion, the first locking portion comprising:
a first side facing generally toward the plug member, at least a portion of the first side comprising an abutment portion,
the abutment portion limiting the extent to which a portion of the first locking portion is moveable toward the plug member
when the plugging devices is inserted through an aperture in a wall; and

a second side facing generally toward the second surface of the second locking portion, the second side having a concave shape
when the second locking portion is in the locked configuration and when the second locking portion is in the released configuration;

wherein the second locking portion tends to move away from the locked configuration when the second locking portion is in
the released configuration and wherein the second locking portion tends to move away from the released configuration when
the second locking portion is in the locked configuration.

US Pat. No. 9,228,670

SOIL MOISTURE RESPONSIVE IRRIGATION FLOW CONTROL VALVE

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. A drip irrigation system, comprising:
an irrigation controller;
a plurality of solenoid actuated valves electrically connected to the irrigation controller and hydraulically coupled to a
source of pressurized water;

a plurality of moisture responsive flow control valves buried in the soil in different landscape zones, each moisture responsive
flow control valve comprising a hygroscopic element configured to expand and shut off water flow through the moisture responsive
flow control valve upon absorption of a predetermined amount of moisture;

a plurality of sets of drip emitters, each set of drip emitters being connected to a corresponding one of the plurality of
moisture responsive flow control valves; and

each of the plurality of moisture responsive flow control valves connected to a corresponding one of a plurality of branch
lines of drip tubing, each branch line being connected to a corresponding one of the solenoid actuated valves;

wherein one or more of the moisture responsive control valves include:
a valve chamber in fluid communication with a water inlet of the moisture responsive control valve; and
a flow control disc having positioned in the valve chamber, the flow control disc comprising:
an outer periphery;
a first side facing the water inlet;
a second side facing away from the water inlet;
a recess in the second side through which water can bypass the flow control disc; and
one or more notches in the outer periphery, the one or more notches forming one or more fluid flow paths between the water
inlet and the recess.

US Pat. No. 9,222,593

SOLENOID ACTUATED PILOT VALVE FOR IRRIGATION SYSTEM VALVE

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. A solenoid actuated valve, comprising:
a valve housing defining a valve chamber having a first port, a second port, and a third port, wherein the third port communicates
with the valve chamber;

a solenoid positioned at least partially within the valve housing and including a reciprocable shaft moveable between a first
position when the solenoid is energized and a second position when the solenoid is not energized;

a drive shaft positioned within the valve housing, the drive shaft moved by an axial force of the reciprocable shaft only
when the reciprocable shaft is moved to the second position;

a head connected to the drive shaft and not permanently connected to the reciprocable shaft, the head movable within the valve
chamber by the drive shaft and including a first seal for sealing a first end of the first port when the solenoid is energized
and a second seal for sealing a first end of the second port when the solenoid is not energized; and

a biasing element configured to bias the head to seal the first end of the second port, wherein the valve head is positioned
within a pilot valve chamber and wherein the biasing element is positioned outside of and fluidly separate from the pilot
valve chamber;

wherein the drive shaft pulls the head toward the reciprocable shaft when the solenoid is energized.

US Pat. No. 9,521,725

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR PROVIDING POWER AND DATA TO LIGHTING DEVICES

HUNTER INDUSTRIES, INC., ...

29. A lighting system comprising:
a plurality of LED lights;
a plurality of modules, one or more of said LED lights of the plurality of LED lights associated with each module of the plurality
of modules;

a two-wire communication network configured to address each of said plurality of modules and provide power to each of said
plurality of modules;

a user interface configured to acquire user inputs responsive to user intentions to modify a behavior of one or more of said
plurality of LED lights, the user inputs comprising a lighting zone number associated with a lighting zone, and a chronological
lighting schedule that includes at least a scheduled time and an intensity for at least one module of the plurality of modules;

a processor operatively coupled to the user interface and configured to output lighting zone data, and command and address
data responsive to said acquired user inputs;

a fixture programming port operatively coupled to the processor and uncoupled from the two-wire communication network, the
fixture programming port configured to provide said lighting zone data to the at least one module modify the lighting zone
of the at least one module in accordance with said user intentions when the at least one module is in communication with the
fixture programming port;

a power supply including a rectifier circuit and a bridge circuit, said power supply configured to modify an input voltage
of a power source to produce a data encoded power signal responsive to a polarity of said input voltage and responsive to
said command and address data, said power supply outputting said data encoded power signal at the scheduled time over said
two-wire communication network to modify said behavior of said one or more of said LED lights of the at least one module in
accordance with said user intentions when the at least one module is in communication with the two-wire network, said data
encoded power signal shaped substantially similar to a sinusoidal waveform when said data encoded power signal represents
a data bit; and

a chassis and an integral user interface panel that includes the user interface, the processor, and the fixture programming
port, the chassis providing a mechanical attachment for the power supply and the integral user interface panel.

US Pat. No. 9,249,958

LIGHT FIXTURES WITH TWIST AND LOCK MOUNTING BRACKET ASSEMBLY

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. A light fixture for installation on building structures and on other structures located around lawns and gardens of residential
and commercial properties, comprising:
a body having a hollow interior;
a source of illumination positioned within the hollow interior;
a transparent cover that extends across a lower end of the body; and
a mounting bracket assembly at an upper end of the body including a first separable portion and a second separable portion,
the first and second separable portions configured and dimensioned to allow mating in a predetermined axial alignment and
locking upon subsequent relative rotation;

the first separable portion includes a plurality of radially extending tabs; and
the second separable portion includes a plurality of arcuate apertures and plurality of resilient holding fingers extending
within the arcuate apertures;

wherein the holding fingers are configured to deflect when engaged with the tabs when the first separable portion is rotated
into engagement with the second separable portion.

US Pat. No. 9,578,817

VALVE-IN-HEAD IRRIGATION SPRINKLER WITH SERVICE VALVE

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

2. An irrigation sprinkler comprising:
an inlet configured to connect to a pressurized water supply;
a main valve mounted downstream of the inlet;
a pilot valve having an inlet and an outlet, wherein operation of the pilot valve is configured to cause the main valve to
open or close; and

a service valve comprising:
a first port configured to hydraulically communicate with the main valve;
a second port configured to hydraulically communicate with the inlet of the pilot valve;
a third port that communicates to a vent; and
a moveable valve component configured to create an open hydraulic communication path between the pilot valve inlet and the
main valve in a first position, to create an open hydraulic communication path between the main valve and the vent in a second
position, and to block hydraulic communication between the main valve and the vent in a third position.

US Pat. No. 9,253,950

LOW FLOW EMITTER WITH EXIT PORT CLOSURE MECHANISM FOR SUBSURFACE IRRIGATION

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. A drip emitter for landscape irrigation, comprising:
a valve chamber defining a hollow interior, an entry port, at least one exit port, and a tortuous path water flow channel
that limits the flow of water from the entry port to the at least one exit port;

a flexible diaphragm mounted in the hollow interior of the valve chamber for movement in response to pressurized water being
supplied to the hollow interior through the entry port;

a closure member positioned between the tortuous path water flow channel and the at least one exit port, the closure member
moved by the flexible diaphragm to open the at least one exit port when pressurized water enters the hollow interior to allow
water to be discharged through the at least one exit port; and

a spring that moves the closure member to close the at least one exit port when the supply of pressurized water is shut OFF;
wherein the at least one exit port defines an interface between the hollow interior of the valve chamber and an environment
surrounding the drip emitter.

US Pat. No. 9,577,415

COMMUNICATIONS INTERFACE SYSTEM FOR LANDSCAPE CONTROL SYSTEMS

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. A communications module for a landscape control communications system, the communications module comprising:
a housing having a first end, a second end, and a plurality of sides between the first end and the second end;
a communication unit on or in the housing and configured to send data to or receive data from an external data source;
a first locking member at a first side of the plurality of sides, the first locking member configured to releasably engage
with a portion of a communications interface system;

a second locking member at a second side of the plurality of sides, the second locking member having a released position and
a locking position to connect the communications module to the communications interface system, wherein the second locking
member is biased to the locking position; and

a release member positioned on the housing and configured to transition the second locking member between the released position
and the locking position, the release member comprising a lever hingedly connected to a surface of the housing and configured
to transition the second locking member to the released configuration when the lever is rotated with respect to the housing.

US Pat. No. 9,081,376

HYBRID MODULAR/DECODER IRRIGATION CONTROLLER

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. A module for insertion into an irrigation controller, the module comprising:
a micro-controller for receiving communications commands from a processor of the irrigation controller;
a plurality of push buttons operatively connected to the micro-controller for identifying and programming a plurality of decoder
circuits connected to a multi-wire path;

a display operatively connected to the micro-controller for enabling a user to identify and program the decoder circuits;
and

driver circuitry operatively connected to the micro-controller for sending encoded signals and an AC power signal along the
multi-wire path, the module configured to insert into the irrigation controller connectable to the multi-wire path for sending
the encoded signals and the AC power signal along the multi-wire path for selectively energizing one of a plurality of solenoid
actuated valves connected to corresponding decoder circuits connected along the multi-wire path.

US Pat. No. 9,446,421

ROTOR-TYPE SPRINKLER WITH ADJUSTABLE ARC/FULL CIRCLE SELECTION MECHANISM

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. An irrigation sprinkler of the type having a reversing gear drive, comprising:
a riser;
a nozzle turret rotatably mounted at an upper end of the riser;
a drive assembly supported in the riser and coupled to the nozzle turret for rotating the nozzle turret, the drive assembly
having a reversing gear drive, a reversing mechanism, and a manually adjustable arc setting mechanism including a pair of
arc tabs, a position of one of the arc tabs being adjustable through the arc setting mechanism to change a size of an angle
through which the nozzle turret oscillates back and forth, the manually adjustable arc setting mechanism further being adjustable
wherein the manually adjustable arc setting mechanism includes an adjustable arc tab that is radially deflectable relative
to a central axis of the sprinkler so that a shift toggle of the reversing mechanism cannot contact the adjustable arc tab
to thereby allow the nozzle turret to continuously rotate.

US Pat. No. 9,301,461

SYSTEMS AND METHODS TO ADJUST IRRIGATION

HUNTER INDUSTRIES, INC., ...

1. A stand alone irrigation system comprising:
a stand alone irrigation controller comprising a plurality of user inputs that enable a user to enter a watering schedule
including a run time, a computer processor operatively connected to the plurality of user inputs, and a memory connected to
the computer processor;

a stand alone control unit comprising a memory storing programming and components of historical evapotranspiration (ET) data
associated with a landscape area; and

a plurality of sensors in communication with the stand alone control unit, each sensor configured to generate an environmental
signal representative of an irrigation condition of the landscape area, the plurality of sensors comprising at least a first
sensor configured to generate a first signal representative of solar radiation and a second sensor configured to generate
a second signal representative of temperature;

wherein the programming is configured to calculate a first value using the environmental signals communicated from the plurality
of sensors, one or more of the components of historical ET data, and a reference comprising a maximum expected user-adjustable
ET value, and communicate the first value to the computer processor of the stand alone irrigation controller to automatically
scale the run time of the watering schedule based on the first value, the stand alone irrigation controller configured to
provide operational signals to at least one irrigation control valve to cause the at least one irrigation control valve to
supply water to irrigate the landscape area according to the scaled run time of the watering schedule.

US Pat. No. 9,481,003

POP-UP IRRIGATION SPRINKLER WITH SHOCK ABSORBING RISER SPRING DAMPING CUSHION

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. An irrigation sprinkler, comprising:
an outer case;
a riser assembly telescopically extensible from the outer case including a nozzle at an upper end of the riser assembly;
a coil spring surrounding the riser assembly and normally holding the riser assembly in a lower retracted position within
the outer case, the coil spring being dimensioned and configured to permit extension of the riser assembly to a raised upper
position when pressurized water is introduced into the outer case; and

a shock absorber, the shock absorber including:
a cushion made of an elastomeric material retained by a ring-shaped member made of a hard material, the ring-shaped member
being positioned between the riser assembly and the outer case;

a spring seat that surrounds the riser assembly and holds a downstream end of the coil spring, the spring seat positioned
between the cushion and the coil spring; and

a ring-shaped shield that surrounds the riser assembly and at least a portion of the spring seat, the shield configured to
move with respect to the spring seat in a direction parallel to the telescopic extension of the riser assembly, the shield
comprising:

an annular flange surrounding a radially-outward surface of the cushion; and
an upper annular wall connected to the annular flange, the upper annular wall positioned on a side of the cushion opposite
the spring seat; wherein the cushion is surrounded by two or more of the spring seat, the ring-shaped shield, and the riser
assembly.

US Pat. No. 9,302,287

IRRIGATION SPRINKLER WITH DEBRIS FLUSHING PERFORATED RISER

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. A sprinkler, comprising:
an outer case having an upper end;
a tubular riser telescopically mounted in the outer case for extension and retraction from the upper end of the case, the
riser having an upper portion with a sediment basin and a plurality of circumferentially spaced apertures communicating with
the sediment basin and sized to allow debris to be carried through the apertures with flowing water;

a riser seal positioned and configured to substantially prevent water from escaping between the riser and the outer case when
the riser is extended;

a drive assembly mounted inside the riser including a drive shaft that is co-axially mounted at an upper end of the riser
and rotates when pressurized water is supplied to the outer case;

a cylindrical nozzle housing co-axially coupled to the drive shaft and rotatable relative to the riser, the nozzle housing
being positioned and configured to define a gap between an outer cylindrical wall of the nozzle housing and a complementary
outer cylindrical wall of the tubular riser; and

the apertures in the upper portion of the riser intersecting the gap and being configured and sized to receive pressurized
water there through below the riser seal when the riser is retracted, wherein the apertures comprise a plurality of axially
extending slots, and wherein the slots have a circumferential width of between about four degrees and about six degrees.

US Pat. No. 9,205,435

MATCHED PRECIPITATION RATE ROTOR-TYPE SPRINKLER WITH SELECTABLE NOZZLE PORTS

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. An irrigation sprinkler, comprising:
a riser;
a rotatable nozzle turret connected to an upper end of the riser, the nozzle turret comprising:
a first port in the nozzle turret capable of emitting a first stream of water from the sprinkler; and
a second port capable of emitting a second stream of water from the sprinkler;
a diverter valve capable of intermittently shifting between a first valve position and a second valve position, wherein the
diverter valve restricts water flow to the second port when in the first valve position, and wherein the diverter valve permits
water flow to the second port when in the second valve position;

a gear train reduction mounted in the riser and capable of rotating the nozzle turret; and
a turbine coupled to an input shaft of the gear train reduction and rotatable by water flowing through the riser.

US Pat. No. 9,169,944

VALVE-IN HEAD IRRIGATION SPRINKLER WITH SERVICE VALVE

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. An irrigation sprinkler, comprising:
an outer housing having an inlet at a lower end thereof;
a riser mounted inside the outer housing for vertical reciprocation through an opening in an upper end of the outer housing;
a nozzle mounted in an upper end of the riser for ejecting a stream of water;
a main valve mounted in the lower end of the outer housing for controlling the flow of water through the inlet;
a pilot valve operatively coupled to the main valve for turning the main valve ON and OFF;
a solenoid operatively coupled to the pilot valve for opening and closing the pilot valve; and
a service valve operatively coupled between the main valve and the pilot valve and manually actuable from an AUTO state to
allow normal operation of the sprinkler and to an OFF state to allow repair or replacement of the pilot valve or solenoid
without having to manually shut OFF a supply valve that is coupled to the inlet of the outer housing through a supply pipe.

US Pat. No. 9,296,004

ROTOR-TYPE SPRINKLER WITH PRESSURE REGULATOR IN OUTER CASE

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. An irrigation sprinkler comprising:
an outer case having a case volume and having an case inlet that can be coupled to a water supply and a case opening;
a riser positioned at least partially within the case volume such that the riser extends partially out of the case opening
when pressurized water is present and retracts at least partially into the outer case when the water pressure is removed,
the riser having:

a riser inlet end having a riser inlet;
a riser outlet end;
an outlet housing connected to the riser outlet end; and
a nozzle outlet in the outlet housing; and
a pressure regulator fixedly mounted to the case inlet within the outer case and configured to regulate fluid pressure within
the irrigation sprinkler as water enters the outer case to maintain a substantially constant pressure between the case inlet
and the riser inlet wherein the case inlet comprises a threaded portion to couple the outer case to the water supply and at
least a portion of the pressure regulator radially surrounds at least a portion of the threaded portion.

US Pat. No. 9,307,620

DATA RELAY FOR A CONTROLLER

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. A lighting system comprising:
a sensor configured to detect at least one parameter;
a lighting controller comprising a hard-wired communications link and configured to accept a value of the at least one parameter
from said sensor in the form of data encoded on conductors of said hard-wired communication link according to predetermined
properties of said hard-wired communication link, wherein said sensor is located remotely from said lighting controller; and

a data relay electrically connected to said hard-wired communication link, said data relay comprising a receiver configured
to receive an RF signal representing a value of said at least one parameter detected by said sensor, and circuitry configured
to extract said value from said received RF signal and encode said value on said conductors by emulating said predetermined
properties.

US Pat. No. 9,668,432

SUBSURFACE IRRIGATION MAT

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. A subsurface irrigation mat, comprising:
at least one perforated tube;
only one web made of a first capillary textile;
a casing made of a second capillary textile surrounding substantially an entire circumference of the perforated tube along
at least a portion of a length of the tube;

at least one attachment positioned between the casing and the web securing the casing to the web so that the casing extends
across the web; and

wherein water leaving through the holes in to the perforated tube can saturate the casing, seep into the web from the casing,
and then be carried across the web by capillary action for substantially uniform discharge from the web into a root zone of
plants growing in a layer of a growing medium located above the web.

US Pat. No. 9,655,311

ABSORBENT RAIN SENSOR WITH RETENTION BASIN

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. An irrigation control system comprising:
a control unit; and
a rain sensor in communication with the control unit, the rain sensor comprising:
a sensor housing;
a first moisture-absorbent element within the sensor housing and in communication with ambient via a first aperture in the
sensor housing, the first moisture-absorbent element configured to expand to a wet state from a dry state as the first moisture-absorbent
element absorbs liquid, the first moisture-absorbent element having a first drying rate;

a moveable accumulator cup configured to move within the sensor housing, the accumulator cup having a liquid-impervious base
and one or more liquid-impervious sidewalls extending upward from the base, the liquid-impervious base and one or more liquid-impervious
sidewalls forming a cup volume;

a second moisture-absorbent element within the sensor housing and positioned at least partially within the cup volume, the
second moisture-absorbent element in communication with ambient via a second aperture in the sensor housing, the second moisture-absorbent
element configured to expand when transitioned from a dry state to a wet state, the second moisture-absorbent element having
a second drying rate slower than the first drying rate, wherein the moveable accumulator cup is configured to transition between
a first position and a second position with respect to the sensor housing in response to transition of the second moisture-absorbent
element between the dry state and the wet state; and

a signal actuator configured to transition between a first position and a second position, the signal actuator biased to the
first position when the moveable accumulator cup is in its first position, the signal actuator transitions to the second position
when one or more of the first moisture-absorbent element and the second moisture-absorbent element is in its wet state;

the accumulator cup configured to store a volume of liquid in excess of the liquid within the fully saturated second moisture-absorbent
element, the volume of excess liquid in contact with at least a portion of the second moisture-absorbent element.

US Pat. No. 9,781,887

IRRIGATION SYSTEM WITH ET BASED SEASONAL WATERING ADJUSTMENT AND SOIL MOISTURE SENSOR SHUTOFF

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. An irrigation system comprising:
a stand alone weather station comprising a temperature sensor configured to detect ambient air temperature at an irrigation
site and a solar radiation sensor configured to detect an amount of solar radiation at the irrigation site;

a soil moisture sensor configured to detect a level of soil moisture at the irrigation site; and
an irrigation controller operatively in communication with the soil moisture sensor and the stand alone weather station, the
irrigation controller configured to enable a user to enter a watering schedule including a run time and to manually adjust
the run time by a percentage, the irrigation controller comprising a computer processor, a memory storing programming implemented
by the computer processor, and a plurality of switches operatively connected to the computer processor and configured to control
a plurality of valves that deliver water to a plurality of sprinklers;

wherein the computer processor is configured to adjust the run time by the percentage, calculate an evapotranspiration (ET)
value based at least in part on the ambient air temperature and the amount of solar radiation, automatically increase or decrease
the percentage in response to the ET value, operate, in response to the user-entered watering schedule, ones of the plurality
of switches to control one or more of the plurality of valves, and automatically inhibit irrigation when the level of soil
moisture is above a threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,870,887

DRIVE CIRCUIT FOR DC LATCHING DEVICES

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. A drive circuit for a DC latching device, the drive circuit comprising:
a battery;
a plurality of switches for momentarily energizing a coil of a DC latching device from the battery;
a microcontroller in communication with the plurality of switches and configured to establish a first inductance associated
with the DC latching device being in an open state, to establish a second inductance associated with the DC latching device
being in a closed state, and to establish an inductance threshold that is between the first and second inductances;

a sensing resistor configured in series with the coil to form a sensing circuit;
circuitry configured to measure voltage and current across the sensing resistor while applying an AC signal to the sensing
circuit, the AC signal having insufficient energy to change the state of the DC latching device;

the microcontroller further configured to calculate an inductive reactance of the DC latching device based on the measured
voltage and current, to calculate an inductance of the DC latching device based on the inductive reactance and a frequency
of the AC signal, and to compare the calculated inductance of the DC latching device with the threshold inductance to determine
a state of the DC latching device; and

circuitry responsive to the determined state of the DC latching device.

US Pat. No. 9,699,974

ROTOR-TYPE SPRINKLER WITH PRESSURE REGULATOR IN OUTER CASE

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. An irrigation sprinkler comprising:
an outer case having a case volume, a longitudinal axis, and having a first opening on a first end and a second opening on
a second end;

a riser positioned at least partially within the case volume and configured to extend through the second case opening having:
a riser inlet end having a riser inlet;
a riser outlet end;
an outlet housing connected to the riser outlet end; and
a riser outlet in the outlet housing; and
a pressure regulator having an threaded inlet that can be coupled to a water supply, the threaded inlet comprising an upstream
end, a downstream end, and an inlet wall extending between the upstream and downstream ends, the inlet wall having internal
threads extending over a majority of a length of the wall as measured parallel to the longitudinal axis of the outer case;

the pressure regulator fixedly mounted to the first opening of the outer case and positioned at least partially within the
outer case and configured to regulate fluid pressure within the irrigation sprinkler as water enters the outer case to maintain
a substantially constant pressure inside the outer case and the riser inlet, wherein the pressure regulator comprises a spring
at least partially surrounding at least a portion of the inlet wall and overlapping at least a portion of the internal threads
of the inlet wall in a direction parallel to the longitudinal axis of the outer case.

US Pat. No. 9,795,094

IRRIGATION MAT

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. An irrigation mat comprising:
only one nonwoven textile web including capillary action for moisture, water or other solution; and
at least one irrigation tube including openings for the outlet of said moisture, water or other solution, wherein the irrigation
tube is fixed to the nonwoven textile web; and an attachment positioned between the web and the tube securing the tube in
relation to the web;

wherein the web is positioned entirely above or entirely below the at least one irrigation tube when the irrigation mat is
installed.

US Pat. No. 9,814,189

LOW FLOW EMITTER WITH EXIT PORT CLOSURE MECHANISM FOR SUBSURFACE IRRIGATION

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. A landscape irrigation fluid emitter comprising:
a chamber;
a lid defining at least one wall of the chamber; and
an entry port, the entry port having:
an inlet axis extending through the entry port;
a first wall extending transverse to the inlet axis and having a first hole positioned along the inlet axis;
a mating channel extending along the inlet axis and defined by an annular wall connected to the first wall, the mating channel
spaced from the first hole along the inlet axis; and

a gap defining the space between the mating channel and the first hole, the gap defining a boundary of a portion of the annular
wall along the inlet axis;

a first clamp tab integral with the lid;
a lock wall positioned at least partially within the gap, the lock wall connected to the first clamp tab and having a second
hole;

an exit port, the exit port having:
an exit axis extending through the exit port;
a second wall extending transverse to the exit axis and having a third hole positioned along the exit axis;
an exit mating channel extending along the exit axis and defined by an annular wall connected to the second wall, the exit
mating channel spaced from the third hole along the exit axis; and

a second gap defining the space between the exit mating channel and the third hole, the second gap defining a boundary of
a portion of the annular wall along the exit axis;

a second clamp tab integral with the lid; and
a second lock wall positioned at least partially within the second gap, the lock wall connected to the second clamp tab and
having a fourth hole;

wherein:
the lock wall is configured to transition between an aligned position and an offset position;
the second hole is aligned with the first hole along the inlet axis when the lock wall is in the aligned position;
at least a portion of the lock wall overlaps the first hole when the lock wall is in the offset position;
the lock wall is configured to pinch and deform a portion of flexible tubing when flexible tubing is inserted through the
first hole and the lock wall and the lock wall is in the offset position; and

the lock wall is biased to the offset position.

US Pat. No. 9,808,813

ROTARY STREAM SPRINKLER NOZZLE WITH OFFSET FLUTES

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. A sprinkler nozzle, comprising:
a sprinkler axis;
a nozzle plate having at least one orifice formed therein; and
a stream deflector rotatably mounted adjacent the nozzle plate and having a plurality of flutes formed therein facing the
nozzle plate, each flute having an inner portion that can momentarily align with a center of a first orifice in the nozzle
plate during rotation of the stream deflector about the sprinkler axis relative to the nozzle plate so that water flowing
through the first orifice will be channeled in a generally radial direction by the flute to form a stream of water that is
ejected from the stream deflector, and further wherein a first flute extends in a first direction at a first angle in a plane
perpendicular to the rotational axis of the stream deflector with respect to a line intersecting the sprinkler axis and the
center of the first orifice when the inner portion of the first flute aligns with the center of the first orifice, wherein
a second flute extends in a second direction at a second angle a plane perpendicular to the rotational axis of the stream
deflector with respect to a line intersecting the sprinkler axis and the center of the first orifice when the inner portion
of the second flute aligns with the center of the first orifice, wherein the plurality of flutes includes at least one flute
other than the first and second flutes, wherein all of the plurality of flutes other than the first flute and the second flute
extend in directions at angles between the first and second angles when the inner portion of each of the plurality of flutes
aligns with the center of the first orifice, so that in combination the streams of water successively ejected from the stream
deflector establish a predetermined shape of coverage entirely between the first direction and the second direction after
the stream deflector rotates through an entire revolution, and wherein the first orifice in the nozzle plate is a single aperture
offset from a center of the nozzle plate.

US Pat. No. 9,662,668

MATCHED PRECIPITATION RATE ROTOR-TYPE SPRINKLER WITH SELECTABLE NOZZLE PORTS

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. An irrigation sprinkler, comprising:
a rotatable nozzle turret, the nozzle turret comprising:
a first port in the nozzle turret capable of emitting a first stream of water from the sprinkler; and
a second port capable of emitting a second stream of water from the sprinkler;
a diverter valve positioned within the nozzle turret and configured to intermittently shift between a first valve position
and a second valve position, wherein the diverter valve is configured to permit a first amount of water flow to the first
port when in the first valve position, and wherein the diverter valve is configured to permit a second amount of water flow
less than the first amount of water flow but greater than zero to the first port when in the second valve position;

a gear train reduction capable of rotating the nozzle turret; and
a turbine coupled to an input shaft of the gear train reduction.

US Pat. No. 9,859,697

WATERTIGHT ELECTRICAL COMPARTMENT FOR USE IN IRRIGATION DEVICES AND METHODS OF USE

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. A watertight electrical compartment of an irrigation device, comprising:
an electrical compartment body comprising a chamber with an open end, and an outer wall surface having external threads and
a sealing section, the sealing section located closer to the open end of the chamber than the external threads;

at least one sealing ring having a diameter configured for mounting on the sealing section;
a cap having an open end, a closed end, and an internal diameter configured to have a sliding fit with the sealing section
and an interference fit with the sealing ring when the sealing ring is mounted on the sealing section; and

a cap retainer having internal threads configured to threadedly mate with the external threads of the compartment body, the
cap retainer further having first and second ends, the cap retainer configured to receive at least a portion of the cap through
the first end.

US Pat. No. 9,814,190

IRRIGATION CONTROLLER WITH ROBUST GROUND PATH

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. An irrigation controller, comprising:
a housing;
a control panel mounted in the housing and having at least one manually actuable control;
a processor operatively connected to the manually actuable control;
a memory operatively connected to the processor and storing programming that enables the processor to execute a watering program
selected by a user through the manually actuable control;

a metallic backplane mounted in the housing;
a plurality of modules removably mountable on the backplane, at least one of the modules including:
a plurality of drive circuits controllable by the processor for generating a plurality of valve control signals in accordance
with the watering program;

a circuit board having at least one conductor;
a top cover positioned on a first side of the circuit board;
at least one electrically conductive mounting screw comprising a head portion and an elongate portion extending from the head
portion, the mounting screw extending through the top cover and configured to secure the module to the backplane and establish
a ground path from the at least one conductor on the circuit board within the module through the backplane; and

a bushing physically fixed to the top cover that is positioned between the head portion of the mounting screw and the circuit
board, the bushing extending completely through the top cover such that a first end of the bushing is positioned between the
head portion of the mounting screw and a first side of the top cover and a second end of the bushing is positioned between
the at least one conductor and a second side of the top cover, wherein the bushing is squeezed between the head portion of
the mounting screw and the at least one conductor and contacts the at least one conductor on a first side of the circuit board;

a plurality of terminals operatively connected to the drive circuits for connecting wires on which the valve control signals
can be transmitted to corresponding valves installed on an irrigation site; and

a plurality of connectors for establishing an operative connection between each module and the processor when the modules
are mounted on the backplane.

US Pat. No. 10,015,894

COMMUNICATIONS INTERFACE SYSTEM FOR LANDSCAPE CONTROL SYSTEMS

HUNTER INDUSTRIES, INC., ...

1. A facepack for a landscaping control unit comprising:a housing having a first end, a second end, an interior, and a plurality of sides between the first end and the second end;
an electronic display on a front panel; and
at least one hinge pin having a first end and a second end and positioned at least partially within the interior of the facepack, the at least one hinge pin capable of transitioning between an extended position and a retracted position, the at least one hinge pin having a mating tip on the first end, the mating tip having a polygonal cross-section and extending out from the interior of the facepack when the at least one hinge pin is in the extended position, the mating tip configured to deflect into the interior of the facepack upon application of a force upon the mating tip toward the interior of the facepack.

US Pat. No. 10,029,265

REVERSING MECHANISM FOR IRRIGATION SPRINKLER WITH DISENGAGING GEARS

HUNTER INDUSTRIES, INC., ...

1. An irrigation sprinkler comprising:an outer case having a first end, a second end, and a case interior; and
a riser assembly having:
a riser housing having a first end and a second end, the second end of the riser assembly positioned within the case interior and configured to receive pressurized water from the case interior;
a turbine positioned within the riser housing and configured to rotate in response to water entering the second end of the riser housing;
a gear reduction positioned within the riser housing and operatively connected to the turbine;
a reversing mechanism operatively connected to the gear reduction and configured to transition between a forward configuration and a reverse configuration, the reversing mechanism including an input gear configured to rotate in response to rotation of the turbine, a first output gear configured to selectively mesh with the input gear;
a ring gear configured to mesh with the first output gear; and
a rotatable nozzle positioned on the first end of the riser housing and rotatably connected to the ring gear;
wherein the first output gear is configured to mesh with the input gear and with the ring gear to drive the ring gear in a forward rotation direction when the reversing mechanism is in the forward configuration, and wherein the first output gear is configured to mesh with the ring gear and to move away from the input gear and unmesh from the input gear when a user manually rotates the ring gear in the forward direction when the reversing mechanism is in the forward configuration.

US Pat. No. 10,113,726

RADIALLY ADJUSTABLE LANDSCAPE LIGHT FIXTURE MOUNT

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. A radially adjustable landscape light fixture mount, comprising:a mounting plate comprising a plurality of teeth on an outer surface of the mounting plate and a female threaded portion configured to receive a male threaded portion of a light fixture; and
a mounting stake for positioning a light fixture in a landscape comprising;
a top portion having a recess configured for receiving the mounting plate, the mounting plate being separate and removable from the mounting stake;
a tab located on an inner portion of the recess, the tab engaging with the teeth of the mounting plate when the mounting plate is positioned within the recess, the tab configured to allow for incremental adjustment of a radial position of the mounting plate; and
a locking lever hingedly coupled to the top portion and having an open position and a closed position, the locking lever comprising;
a locking portion, wherein the locking portion engages with one or more teeth of the plurality of teeth to fix a radial position of the mounting plate when the mounting plate is positioned within the recess and the locking lever is in the closed position; and
a locking tab configured to selectively fix and un-fix the locking lever in the closed position;
wherein the light fixture mount is further configured such that inserting the mounting plate into the recess establishes a longitudinal and latitudinal position of the mounting plate relative to the mounting stake, the mounting plate being rotatable in place within the recess to provide incremental adjustment until the locking lever is fixed in the closed position.

US Pat. No. 9,914,143

DUAL TRAJECTORY NOZZLE FOR ROTOR-TYPE SPRINKLER

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. A nozzle turret assembly for an irrigation sprinkler, the nozzle turret assembly comprising:
a nozzle housing;
a nozzle carrier configured to releasably mate with the nozzle housing, the nozzle carrier comprising:
an outer face facing away from the nozzle housing when the nozzle carrier is mated with the nozzle housing;
an inner face positioned at least partially within the nozzle housing when the nozzle carrier is mated with the nozzle housing;
a primary nozzle port extending through the outer face and the inner face of the nozzle carrier and having a primary port
axis; and

a first secondary nozzle port extending through the outer face and the inner face of the nozzle carrier; and
a primary nozzle configured to releasably mate with the primary nozzle port of the nozzle carrier, the primary nozzle comprising
an inlet portion defining an inlet axis and a tapered outlet portion connected to the inlet portion and defining an outlet
axis, the tapered outlet outputting water in a trajectory parallel to the outlet axis, the inlet axis being parallel to the
primary port axis and the outlet axis being non-parallel to the primary port axis.

US Pat. No. 10,069,284

IRRIGATION CONTROL BOX WITH OFFSET HINGE ASSEMBLY

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. An irrigation control box comprising:a housing base having:
a first sidewall;
a second sidewall;
a top sidewall, extending between the first and second sidewalls;
a bottom sidewall extending between the first and second sidewalls opposite the top sidewall;
a back wall connected to one or more of the first, second, top, and bottom sidewalls;
a housing interior defined by the first, second, top, and bottom sidewalls; and
at least one hinge post connected to and extending away from the back wall;
an offset hinge assembly having:
a hinge assembly frame comprising a plurality of walls that define a hinge assembly interior;
a first attachment structure comprising at least one engagement feature and at least one biasing portion that biases the at least one engagement feature for engagement with a hinge post engaging portion of the at least one hinge post, the first attachment structure positioned at least partially within the hinge assembly interior to releasably attach to the at least one hinge post; and
a rotational attachment point comprising a plurality of hinge mating features; and
a facepack comprising a plurality of facepack mating features that mate with the plurality of hinge mating features, respectively;
wherein the facepack rotates about the plurality of hinge mating features with respect to the housing base when the housing base and facepack are each attached to the offset hinge assembly.

US Pat. No. 9,915,420

ILLUMINATING DEVICE WITH SEALED OPTICS

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. An illuminating device comprising:
a housing having a first end, a second end, and one or more sidewalls defining a housing interior;
an optics assembly connected to the housing at near the first end of the housing and having:
a first portion having a first side and a second side;
a skirt connected to the first portion and extending from the second side of the first portion, the skirt having an interior
surface defining a skirt interior and an outer surface facing the one or more sidewalls of the housing; and

one or more lenses, at least one of the one or more lenses positioned at least partially within the skirt interior, each of
the one or more lenses having a first end and a second end positioned further from the first portion of the optics assembly
than the first end of the one or more lenses;

a light assembly positioned at least partially within the housing interior, the light assembly having:
a circuit board positioned within housing interior; and
at least one light element operably connected to the circuit board and positioned within the housing interior adjacent the
first end of the one or more lenses; and

a potting material;
wherein the skirt is connected to one or both of the circuit board and the one or more sidewalls, wherein the potting material
is positioned between the outer surface of the skirt and the one or more sidewalls to prevent water ingress into the skirt
interior, wherein no potting material is positioned within the skirt interior, and wherein the first portion of the optics
assembly includes a fill hole through which the potting material can be injected between the outer surface of the skirt and
the one or more sidewalls.

US Pat. No. 10,125,956

RADIALLY ADJUSTABLE LANDSCAPE LIGHT FIXTURE MOUNT

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. A radially adjustable landscape light fixture mount, comprising:a mounting plate comprising a plurality of teeth on an outer surface of the mounting plate, a female threaded portion configured to receive a male threaded portion of a light fixture, and an extended portion extending from a bottom side of the mounting plate; and
a mounting stake for positioning a light fixture in a landscape comprising;
a top portion having a recess configured for receiving the mounting plate, the mounting plate being separate and removable from the mounting stake;
a tab located on an inner portion of the recess, the tab engaging with the teeth of the mounting plate when the mounting plate is positioned within the recess, the tab configured to allow for incremental adjustment of a radial position of the mounting plate; and
a locking lever hingedly coupled to the top portion and having an open position and a closed position, the locking lever comprising;
a locking portion, wherein the locking portion engages with one or more teeth of the plurality of teeth to fix a radial position of the mounting plate when the mounting plate is positioned within the recess and the locking lever is in the closed position; and
a locking tab configured to selectively fix and un-fix the locking lever in the closed position;
wherein the light fixture mount is further configured such that inserting the mounting plate into the recess establishes a longitudinal and latitudinal position of the mounting plate relative to the mounting stake, the mounting plate being rotatable in place within the recess to provide incremental adjustment until the locking lever is fixed in the closed position, and wherein the mounting stake is configured to receive the extended portion of the mounting plate to provide axial stability to the mounting plate.

US Pat. No. 10,099,231

REVERSING MECHANISM FOR AN IRRIGATION SPRINKLER WITH A REVERSING GEAR DRIVE

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. A sprinkler comprising:a turbine;
a nozzle;
a gear box case;
a planetary gear drive comprising:
a first sun gear configured to rotate about a sun gear axis;
a second sun gear configured to rotate about the sun gear axis;
a first planetary gear meshed with the first sun gear and configured to rotate about a first planetary gear axis;
a second planetary gear configured to rotate about a second planetary gear axis and to be driven by the second sun gear; and
at least one ring gear;
a first gear carrier rotatable about the sun gear axis and configured to fix the first and second planetary gear axes in place with respect to each other;
a reversing mechanism rotatably coupling the turbine and the nozzle, the planetary gear drive including at least a portion of the reversing mechanism having a shifting drive shaft that reciprocates between a first position and a second position to alternately engage the first and second sun gears and thereby change a direction of rotation of subsequent stages of the planetary gear drive; and
at least one clutch dog connected to the drive shaft, the at least one clutch dog configured to engage with at least one clutch tooth formed on the first sun gear when the shifting drive shaft is in the first position and engage with at least one clutch tooth formed on the second sun gear when the shifting drive shaft is in the second position.

US Pat. No. 10,189,032

SPRINKLER VALVE MODULE WITH REMOVABLE VALVE SEAL

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. A valve module forming a subassembly for installation of the subassembly into an outer case of an irrigation sprinkler, the valve module comprising:an upper valve support housing;
a lower support basket removably connected to the upper valve support housing to form the subassembly; and
a valve member reciprocable in a direction within the subassembly to engage and disengage a valve seat in the lower support basket, the valve member comprising a piston and a valve seal removably attached to the piston, the valve seal further being configured to be serviced or replaced separate from the piston.

US Pat. No. 10,197,252

LIGHT FIXTURE WITH REMOVABLE LIGHT CARTRIDGE

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. A light fixture comprising:a light housing having:
a first end;
a second end;
an opening at the first end;
a light housing axis extending through the first and second ends; and
at least one sidewall defining a light housing interior; and
a light cartridge configured to releasably and electrically connect to a portion of the light housing, the light cartridge having:
a cartridge body having:
a body axis;
a first end; and
a second end spaced from the first end along the body axis;
a collar moveably connected to the first end of the cartridge body;
an electrical connector configured to releasably and electrically connect with a source of electric power; and
a light element operably connected to the electrical connector and configured to direct light out of the opening of the light housing when the light cartridge is connected to the light housing;
wherein the light cartridge is configured to:
transition between a connected position and a released position with respect to the light housing;
transition from the connected position to the released position via rotation of the collar about the light housing axis, followed by translation away from the second end of the light housing toward the first end of the light housing; and
transition from the released position to the connected position via translation through the opening of the light housing toward the second end of the light housing, followed by rotation about of the collar about the light housing axis.

US Pat. No. 10,199,815

WATERTIGHT ELECTRICAL COMPARTMENT FOR USE IN IRRIGATION DEVICES AND METHODS OF USE

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. A watertight electrical compartment of an irrigation device, comprising:an electrical compartment body comprising a chamber with an open end, threads, and a sealing section, the sealing section located closer to the open end of the chamber than the threads;
at least one sealing ring having a diameter configured for mating with the sealing section;
a cap having an open end, a closed end, and an internal diameter configured to have a sliding fit with the sealing section and an interference fit with the at least one sealing ring when the compartment is assembled; and
a cap retainer having threads configured to threadedly mate with the threads of the compartment body, the cap retainer further having first and second ends, the cap retainer configured to receive at least a portion of the cap through the first end.

US Pat. No. 10,285,344

IRRIGATION CONTROLLER WITH REVERSIBLE OPERATOR CONTROLS

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. An irrigation controller to control an irrigation system, the irrigation controller comprising:a face pack comprising one or more actuable controls configured to enable a user to enter or select a watering program and at least one display configured to display instructions and feedback to program and maintain the irrigation system, the one or more actuable controls and the at least one display located on a front surface of the face pack; and
an interior door that is configured to cover a wiring hookup area, the interior door further configured to rotate on a hinge to expose the wiring hookup area, the face pack being removably mounted onto the interior door;
the face pack configured to be placed in a first orientation relative to an opening in the interior door when the wiring hookup area is covered, the front surface viewable when the face pack is in the first orientation;
the face pack further configured to be passed through the opening in the interior door and placed in a second orientation relative to the opening in the interior door when the wiring hookup area is exposed, the front surface viewable when the face pack is in the second orientation;
the face pack further configured to maintain electrical communication between the face pack and the irrigation controller when the face pack in one of the first and second orientations is passed through the opening in the interior door and placed in the other of the first and second orientations.

US Pat. No. 10,228,711

DECODER SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR IRRIGATION CONTROL

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. An Internet-enabled irrigation controller implemented to power and selectively energize a plurality of solenoid-actuated valves connected to corresponding decoders along a two-wire communication network using data encoded power waveforms, each decoder serially addressable over the two-wire communication network and configured to energize its corresponding solenoid-actuated valves, the Internet-enabled irrigation controller comprising:interface circuitry configured to provide an interface signal responsive to user input that is received over the Internet, the user input entered on a web-enabled device that is accessing a server;
a processor configured to generate a control signal responsive to the interface signal, the control signal having a first state and a second state;
a transformer configured to receive an input power signal and provide an AC power signal, wherein the AC power signal is sinusoidal; and
a bridge circuit communicating with the transformer to receive the AC power signal and the processor to receive the control signal and configured to output the data encoded power waveforms to control the plurality of solenoid-actuated valves, the bridge circuit comprising a plurality of solid-state relays, at least one of the plurality of solid-state relays enabled when the control signal is in the first state and configured to pass the AC power signal in-phase, and at least one of others of the plurality of solid-state relays enabled when the control signal is in the second state and configured to shift a phase of the AC power signal by 180 degrees, the bridge circuit outputting the in-phase AC power signal on the two-wire communication network when the control signal is in the first state and outputting the phase-shifted AC power signal on the two-wire communication network when the control signal is in the second state.

US Pat. No. 10,225,996

CONTROL MODULE FOR A WATER HARVESTING SYSTEM

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. A control module for a water harvesting system, the water harvesting system including an irrigation controller having a microcontroller that initiates a watering schedule and a pump/master valve output that provides an energized signal when the watering schedule is initiated, a water collection cistern with a water level sensor, a pump coupled to the water collection cistern, a pump start relay connected to the pump, a first master valve coupled to the pump, a second master valve coupled to a point of connection (POC), a plurality of station valves electrically connected to the irrigation controller and coupled to at least one of the first and second master valves, and a plurality of sprinklers coupled to the plurality of station valves for watering landscape vegetation, the control module comprising:an operator interface configured to allow a user to enter user preferences, the operator interface comprising a display and at least one manually actuable input device configured to accept user input indicative of one of at least a first operational mode and a second operational mode and to provide an indication of the user-indicated operational mode;
an input circuit, separate from the operator interface, operably connectable to the pump/master valve output of the irrigation controller, and configured to receive the energized signal from pump/master valve output of the irrigation controller when the watering schedule is initiated, the input circuit further configured to provide a watering indication responsive to the receipt of the energized signal;
wherein the energized signal from the pump/master valve output of the irrigation controller is the only signal communicated between the irrigation controller and the control module;
a memory configured to store an operational program;
a processor operably connected to the at least one manually actuable-input device and the memory, and configured to execute the operational program, the processor further configured to receive the indication of the user-indicated operational mode from the operator interface, to receive a signal representative of a water level in the water collection cistern detected by the water level sensor, and to receive the watering indication from the input circuit;
a first switching circuit, separate from the input circuit, operatively connected to the processor and connectable to the pump start relay, the first switching circuit configured to energize the pump start relay to control the pump;
a second switching circuit, separate from the input circuit, operatively connected to the processor and connectable to the first master valve, the second switching circuit configured to turn the first master valve ON and OFF to direct a flow of water; and
a third switching circuit, separate from the input circuit, operatively connected to the processor and connectable to the second master valve, the third switching circuit configured to turn the second master valve ON and OFF to direct the flow of water;
wherein when the watering indication indicates that the irrigation controller has initiated the watering schedule and the water level sensor indicates that the water level in the water collection cistern is above a threshold, the processor causes the first switching circuit to energize the pump start relay, the second switching circuit to turn ON the first master valve, and the third switching circuit to turn OFF the second master valve to water the landscape vegetation with water from the water collection cistern;
wherein when the watering indication indicates that the irrigation controller has initiated the watering schedule, the water level sensor indicates that the water level in the water collection cistern is below the threshold, and the indication of the user-indicated operational mode indicates the first operational mode, the processor causes the first switching circuit to de-energize the pump start relay, the second switching circuit to turn OFF the first master valve, and the third switching circuit to turn ON the second master valve to water the landscape vegetation with water from the POC; and
wherein when the watering indication indicates that the irrigation controller has initiated the watering schedule, the water level sensor indicates that the water level in the water collection cistern is below the threshold, and the indication of the user-indicated operational mode indicates the second operational mode, the processor causes the first switching circuit to energize the pump start relay, the second switching circuit to turn ON the first master valve, and the third switching circuit to turn ON the second master valve to provide water from the POC to the water collection cistern and to water the landscape vegetation with water from the water collection cistern.

US Pat. No. 10,322,422

DISENGAGING ARC ADJUSTING GEAR FOR AN IRRIGATION SPRINKLER WITH AN ADJUSTABLE REVERSING GEAR DRIVE

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. An irrigation sprinkler comprising:a turbine;
a nozzle;
a gear drive;
a reversing mechanism operatively connected to the gear drive and rotatably coupling the turbine and the nozzle, the reversing mechanism including a shift arm and a first adjustment gear having an axis of rotation;
a first stop tab connected to the first adjustment gear;
a second adjustment gear configured to selectively mesh with and unmesh from the first adjustment gear;
a user interface cap configured to interface with a tool or with a hand of a user, the user interface cap having:
a cam wall extending between a top cam wall end and a bottom cam wall end; and
a driving wall connected to the cam wall; and
an adjustment shaft connected to the second adjustment gear and positioned at least partially within the user interface cap, the adjustment shaft having:
a longitudinal axis; and
at least one protrusion extending from the adjustment shaft in a direction perpendicular to the longitudinal axis;
wherein:
the cam wall is configured to drive the at least one protrusion in a direction parallel to the longitudinal axis of the adjustment shaft when the user interface cap is rotated; and
the user interface cap is configured to transition the second adjustment gear between a meshed position and an unmeshed position with respect to the first adjustment gear without requiring application of force onto or movement of the user interface cap in a direction parallel to the longitudinal axis of the adjustment shaft.

US Pat. No. 10,375,793

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR PROVIDING POWER AND DATA TO DEVICES

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. A controller configured to power and to control a behavior of a system of devices, each of the devices serially addressable over a two-wire communication network, the controller comprising:a user interface configured to accept user input and to output information responsive to the user input;
a processor communicating with the user interface and configured to receive the information and to output a control signal corresponding to command and address data that is responsive to the information, the control signal having first and second states;
a core and coil transformer configured to transform a primary AC signal to a secondary sinusoidal power signal;
a rectifier/bridge circuit communicating with the core and coil transformer and configured to connect one of a first end tap and a second end tap of the core and coil transformer to the two-wire communication network to output a data encoded power signal to the two-wire communication network to control a behavior of at least one device of the system of devices, the rectifier/bridge circuit comprising a plurality of series-connected pairs of transistors with integral body diodes, gates of the transistors in communication with the control signal from the processor, at least one series-connected pair of transistors enabled when the control signal is in the first state and at least one of the other series-connected pairs of transistors enabled when the control signal is in the second state, the rectifier/bridge circuit outputting the secondary sinusoidal power signal with a higher polarity when the control signal is in the first state and outputting the secondary sinusoidal power signal with a lower polarity when the control signal is in the second state to form the data encoded power signal as a sinusoidal waveform between zero crossings.

US Pat. No. 10,340,675

WATERTIGHT ELECTRICAL COMPARTMENT FOR USE IN IRRIGATION DEVICES AND METHODS OF USE

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. A method of sealing a watertight electrical compartment of an irrigation device, comprising:providing an electrical compartment body, the electrical compartment body comprising a chamber with an open end, threads, and a sealing section, the sealing section located closer to the open end of the chamber than the threads;
mounting at least one sealing ring into at least one groove, the at least one groove located on the sealing section or on an inner wall of a cap, the cap having an open end and a closed end;
sliding the open end of the cap over the sealing section, the cap having an internal diameter configured to have a sliding fit with the sealing section, wherein the at least one sealing ring seals a space between the sealing section and the inner wall of the cap;
sliding a cap retainer having first and second ends over at least a portion of the cap so that the at least a portion of the cap passes through the first end of the cap retainer, the cap retainer having a stopper on the second end for retaining the cap, the cap retainer further having threads; and
turning the cap retainer relative to the electrical compartment body so that the threads of the cap retainer mate with the threads of the electrical compartment body to keep the cap in a sealed position.

US Pat. No. 10,288,267

LIGHT FIXTURE WITH REMOVABLE LIGHT CARTRIDGE

HUNTER INDUSTRIES, INC., ...

1. A light assembly comprising:an outer housing having:
a first end configured to be positioned at or below a ground level or wall surface when installed;
a second end opposite the first end;
an outer housing axis extending through the first and second ends of the outer housing;
an inner housing assembly having:
a first end;
a second end;
an inner housing body extending between the first and second ends of the inner housing assembly and forming a hermetic seal with the second end;
a light cartridge positioned within the inner housing body and having a lighting element configured to emit light through the second end of the inner housing assembly; and
a tilt assembly connected to the inner housing body and having a user input portion configured to receive user input, the tilt assembly configured to tilt the light cartridge between a first tilt position and a second tilt position with respect to the outer housing axis upon receipt of the user input without breaking the hermetic seal.

US Pat. No. 10,555,405

SYSTEMS AND METHODS TO MANAGE THEMES IN LIGHTING MODULES

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. A system to manage lighting themes in a plurality of lighting modules, the system comprising:a lighting controller configured to receive AC power from a primary AC power source and user input indicative of lighting theme information and generate a data encoded power signal to provide power and encoded messages based on the lighting theme information over a two-wire network, the lighting theme information including a request to implement a lighting theme of a plurality of lighting themes; and
a plurality of lighting modules, each lighting module of the plurality of lighting modules configured to receive the data encoded power signal over the two-wire network, each lighting module including at least one lamp, lamp driver circuitry, a microprocessor, and memory storing instructions, that when executed by the processor, configure each lighting module to:
decode at least a portion of the encoded message, the at least a portion including an indication of the requested lighting theme;
retrieve one or more stored settings for the at least one lamp that are associated with the requested lighting theme from the memory; and
execute the retrieved settings.

US Pat. No. 10,437,217

IRRIGATION CONTROLLER WITH ROBUST GROUND PATH

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. An irrigation controller comprising:a housing;
a backplane mounted in the housing; and
at least one module removably mountable on the backplane, the at least one module including:
a circuit board having at least one conductor;
a top cover positioned on a first side of the circuit board, the top cover having a first aperture therethrough and a wall at least partially surrounding the first aperture, the wall having a first end and a second end between the first end and the circuit board;
at least one electrically conductive screw comprising a head portion and an elongate portion extending from the head portion, the at least one electrically conductive screw extending through the first aperture of the top cover and configured to secure the at least one module to the backplane and establish a first portion of a ground path from the head portion through the backplane when the at least one electrically conductive screw is tightened; and
a bushing extending completely through the first aperture in the top cover such that a first end of the bushing is positioned between the head portion of the at least one electrically conductive screw and the first end of the wall and a second end of the bushing is positioned between the at least one conductor and the first end of the wall;
wherein the bushing is configured to establish a second portion of the ground path from the at least one conductor on the circuit board to the head portion and inhibit compression of the top cover when the at least one electrically conductive screw is tightened,
wherein the at least one conductor is configured to shunt a power surge to the bushing so as to protect operational components of the at least one module.

US Pat. No. 10,425,248

AUTHENTICATION SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CONTROLLERS

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. A system to authenticate a controller, the system comprising:a controller configured to communicate over the Internet, the controller comprising a user interface with at least one switch that is mounted to the controller, the at least one switch including an actuatable control, the at least one switch configured to be manually placed in a plurality of positions by applying a mechanical force to the actuatable control;
a web server comprising at least one computer processor and memory storing an indication for each position of the plurality of positions of the at least one switch; and
a web enabled device different from the controller, the web enabled device configured to display prompts to a user from the web server, the controller unable to display the prompts to the user from the web server;
wherein the web server is configured to randomly select a first position of the plurality of positions of the at least one switch of the controller, prompt the user via the web enabled device to position the at least one switch to the randomly selected position, request an indication of a present position of the at least one switch from the controller after prompting the user, receive the indication of the present position of the at least one switch from the controller, compare an indication of the randomly selected position with the indication of the present position, and authenticate the controller when the indication of the randomly selected position matches the indication of the present position.

US Pat. No. 10,498,115

IRRIGATION CONTROL BOX WITH OFFSET HINGE ASSEMBLY

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. An irrigation control box configured to releasable receive a facepack, the irrigation control box comprising:a housing having a plurality of side walls and a back wall forming an interior for receiving at least a portion of the facepack;
at least one hinge post disposed in the interior and supported by the housing, the at least one hinge post having an engaging portion; and
a hinge assembly having:
at least one engagement feature to selectively move from at least a first position to a second position, the at least one engagement feature engaging with the engaging portion of the at least one hinge post when in the first position so as to secure the hinge assembly relative to the housing and disengaging from the engaging portion when in the second position so as to allow the hinge assembly to be separated from the housing, the at least one engagement feature being biased towards the first position,
a mating feature configured to engage with the facepack so as to allow the facepack to rotate relative to the hinge assembly, and
a biasing portion, the biasing portion being configured to bias the at least one engagement feature towards the first position.

US Pat. No. 10,559,949

WATERTIGHT ELECTRICAL COMPARTMENT FOR USE IN IRRIGATION DEVICES AND METHODS OF USE

Hunter Industries, Inc., ...

1. A battery-operated irrigation controller comprising:a body forming a chamber having an open end;
a sealing section disposed on the body;
at least one sealing ring configured to contact the sealing section;
a cap configured to cover the open end and having a surface for contacting the at least one sealing ring to create a compression force on the at least one sealing ring to create a watertight seal of the chamber;
a retainer configured to contact the cap and engage with the body to retain the cap to maintain the watertight seal of the chamber, the retainer being separate and removable from the body and the cap;
a battery holder supported by the body and configured to receive at least one battery; and
one or more electronic components configured to receive power from the at least one battery.

US Pat. No. 10,561,079

IRRIGATION CONTROLLER WITH REVERSIBLE OPERATOR CONTROLS

HUNTER INDUSTRIES, INC., ...

1. An irrigation controller comprising:a face pack comprising one or more actuable controls configured to enable a user to enter or select a watering program for an irrigation system and at least one display on a front side of the face pack;
a wiring hook up area configured to be in electrical communication with the face pack; and
an interior door configured to rotate on a hinge to cover at least a portion of the wiring hook up area when the interior door is closed and to expose at least a portion of the wiring hook up area when the interior door is open, the interior door having a first side facing away from the wiring hook up area when the interior door is closed and a second side facing towards the wiring hook up area when the interior door is closed;
the face pack configured to be moved from a first position relative to the interior door to a second position relative to the interior door, wherein the front side of the face pack is viewable from the first side of the interior door in the first position and the front side of the face pack is viewable from the second side of the interior door in the second position;
the face pack further configured to maintain the electrical communication with the wiring hookup area when being moved to the second position.