1. A high-voltage DC circuit breaker for blocking current flowing through a DC line, comprising:a main switch connected to the DC line, and configured to be opened when a fault occurs on a first side or a second side of the DC line, thus blocking a current flowing through the DC line;
an LC circuit connected in parallel with the main switch and provided with a capacitor and an inductor connected in series with each other to produce LC resonance;
a first switching element connected in parallel with the LC circuit and configured to perform switching so that a positive voltage or a negative voltage stored in the capacitor via the resonance produced by the LC circuit is charged, with a polarity of the positive or the negative voltage changed; and
a second switching element connected in series with the LC circuit, connected in parallel with the main switch and connected between the LC circuit and the DC line, the second switching element performing switching so that a current pulse, generated by the positive or negative voltage charged in the capacitor, is supplied to the main switch,
wherein the first switching element and the second switching element are connected in a forward direction, are each arranged in a forward or reverse direction relative to a direction of current flowing from the second side to the first side of the DC line, and are each implemented using one or more power semiconductor switches,
when the main switch is opened due to occurrence of a fault on the second side of the DC line, and an arc is formed when the main switch is opened, and the second switching element is turned on in a state in which the first switching element is turned off, so that the current pulse generated by the positive voltage stored in the capacitor of the LC circuit is supplied in a direction of a second end of the main switch, and zero current is realized in the main switch using the supplied current pulse, thus enabling the arc formed in the main switch to be extinguished, and enabling the negative voltage to be charged in the capacitor,
wherein, after the arc formed in the main switch has been extinguished, the negative voltage charged in the capacitor is charged as the positive voltage via the resonance produced by the LC circuit when the first switching element is turned on in a state in which the second switching element is turned off, and thereafter the first switching element is turned off.