1. A method for adjusting particle orbit alignment using a first harmonic in a cyclotron, characterized by comprising the following steps:Step 1: providing eight identical coils in the vicinity of an extreme point of the magnetic field of the cyclotron, and covering the coils near the extreme point;

Step 2: dividing the eight coils into four pairs of coils, wherein a first pair of coils (9) includes a first coil (1) and a second coil (2) symmetrically disposed above and below; a second pair of coils (10) includes a third coil (3) and a fourth coil (4) symmetrically disposed above and below; a third pair of coils (11) includes a fifth coil (5) and a sixth coil (6) symmetrically disposed above and below; a fourth pair of coils (12) includes a seventh coil (7) and an eighth coil (8) symmetrically disposed above and below; and then the first pair of coils (9), the second pair of coils (10), the third pair of coils (11) and the fourth pair of coils (12) are divided into two groups; the first group of coils includes the first pair of coils (9) and the third pair of coils (11) that are symmetrically disposed; and the second group of coils includes the second pair of coils (10) and the fourth pair of coils (12) that are symmetrically disposed;

Step 3: setting the axes of the two pairs of coils of the same group at 180°;

Step 4: setting the axes of the first group of coils and the axis of the second group of coils at 70°-110° therebetween;

Step 5: connecting each coil to a DC power source external to the main unit of the accelerator via a current lead;

Step 6: applying currents with the same magnitude and same direction into the two coils in each pair of coils;

Step 7: applying currents with the same magnitude and opposite direction into two pairs of coils in the same group;

Step 8: after the currents are applied, the four coils in the first group of coils together generating a first independent harmonic (13), the four coils in the second group of coils together generating a second independent harmonic (14), and obtaining a first harmonic (15) according to a vector sum of the first independent harmonic (13) and the second independent harmonic (14),

Step 9: by using real-time feedback of beam detection of the cyclotron and according to the eccentricity of an equilibrium orbit of beam particles, performing real-time adjustment of the magnitude and direction of the currents applied to the coils by the DC power source; by changing the magnitude of the currents applied to the first group of coils and the second group of coils, changing the amplitude of the corresponding first independent harmonic (13) and the second independent harmonic (14); by changing the direction of the currents applied to the first group of coils and the second group of coils, changing the positive or negative direction of the phase of the corresponding first independent harmonic (13) and the second independent harmonic (14); and further changing the amplitude and phase of the first harmonic (15), that is, achieving alignment adjustment of the equilibrium orbit of the beam particles.