US Pat. No. 9,807,915

HEAT EXCHANGER FOR COOLING ELECTRIC ELEMENT

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. A heat exchanger for cooling an electric element, the heat exchanger comprising: a first tube having a heat exchange medium
flowing therein, the first tube including a first end, a second end, and a first predetermined bent point to cause the first
tube to contact opposing surfaces of the electric element; a first header tank coupled to the first end of the first tube
and configured to introduce the heat exchange medium to the first tube; a second header tank coupled to the second end of
the first tube, wherein the electric element is compressed and fixed between the first end and the second end of the first
tube when the first tube is bent about the first predetermined bent point to bring the first header tank into direct contact
with the second header tank: and an inlet pipe coupled to the first header tank and configured to introduce the heat exchange
medium to the first header tank.

US Pat. No. 9,441,741

BALL VALVE HAVING AN EXTERNAL SEAL ARRANGEMENT, PARTICULARLY FOR USE IN MOTOR VEHICLE REFRIGERANT CIRCUITS

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-S...

1. A ball valve (1) having an external seal arrangement having an actuator (2), a shaft (3) with a shaft bearing (5), a ball (4) with a ball passage channel (16) as well as a valve housing (13), characterized in that in the shaft bearing (5) a fluid shaft seal (8) is arranged between an upper shaft seal (6) and a lower shaft seal (7), wherein the fluid shaft seal (8) is formed by a cavity (18) in which a sealing fluid is provided, and in that the sealing fluid is in contact in a sealing region (19) with the shaft (3), so that, in the axial direction, a sealing effect due to the sealing fluid exists, wherein the cavity (18) is formed at least partially by a diaphragm (11) and delimited on the shaft (3) by the shaft seals (6, 7), and in that the diaphragm (11) is formed in such a way that pressure can be applied to the side facing away from the sealing fluid.

US Pat. No. 9,481,225

MODULAR AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM WITH HEAT PUMP FUNCTIONALITY

Hanon Systems, Daejeon-s...

1. A modular vehicle air-conditioning unit for heating and cooling air, comprising:
a refrigerant circuit including a condenser, an evaporator, a compressor, and an expansion device; and
a housing including the evaporator and the condenser disposed in the housing, an evaporator air flow path through the evaporator
and a condenser air flow path through the condenser independently formed from each other within the housing, and a mixing
compartment disposed downstream of the evaporator and the condenser wherein a flow of air through the evaporator and a flow
of air through the condenser are mixed, wherein a common waste air duct for waste air flow through the evaporator and waste
air flow through the condenser is disposed between the evaporator and the condenser and upstream of the mixing compartment;
wherein the evaporator air flow path and the condenser air flow path respectively receive air from at least one of an environment,
a passenger compartment of a vehicle, and any mixture thereof, wherein a first adjustment flap is disposed between the evaporator
and an inlet of the common waste air duct, a second adjustment flap is disposed between the condenser and the inlet of the
common waste air duct, and a third adjustment flap is disposed within the housing between the inlet to the common waste air
duct and an inlet to the passenger compartment of the vehicle, wherein the first adjustment flap, the second adjustment flap,
and the third adjustment flap are independently rotatable about a common axis of rotation, wherein the third adjustment flap
is configured to selectively control each of the flow of air through the evaporator air flow path and the flow of air through
the condenser air flow path to facilitate at least one of a heating and a cooling of the passenger compartment of the vehicle,
and wherein the waste air duct releases a flow of waste air to an environment separate from the passenger compartment.

US Pat. No. 9,394,825

CHARGE AIR COOLER INTERNAL CONDENSATION SEPARATOR

Hanon Systems, Daejeon-s...

1. A condensation separator disposed within an outlet tank of a charge air cooler, the condensation separator comprising:
an array of baffle plates, wherein each of the baffle plates extends from a leading edge to a trailing edge in a first direction
and the baffle plates are spaced apart from each other to form a plurality of flow channels, each of the flow channels formed
between adjacent ones of the baffle plates; wherein each of the baffle plates includes at least one corrugation formed therein
extending in a second direction transverse to the first direction; wherein at least a portion of each of the baffle plates
is covered with a surface feature for trapping liquid water flowing through the plurality of flow channels, wherein the surface
feature formed on at least a portion of each baffle plate is further covered with a barrier layer, the barrier layer configured
to retain the liquid water in the surface feature.

US Pat. No. 9,242,528

HEAT EXCHANGER ARRANGEMENT AND AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Hanon Systems, Daejeon-s...

1. An air conditioning system for treating air of a passenger compartment of a motor vehicle, the air conditioning system
configured to be operable in a cooling-system mode, a heat-pump mode, and a reheating mode, the air conditioning system comprising:
a housing including a first flow channel and a second flow channel for directing air; and
a refrigerant circuit comprising a first heat exchanger operable as a vaporizer, a compressor, a second heat exchanger operable
as a condenser, and an expansion device; wherein the second heat exchanger is formed from two segregated components, a first
component having a condensation and heat removal surface and a second component having a super-cooling surface, wherein a
refrigerant phase separation element is disposed within the refrigerant circuit between the first component and the second
component of the second heat exchanger; wherein a refrigerant flows through the second heat exchanger in the refrigerant circuit
and air flowing through at least one of the first flow channel and the second flow channel impinges on the second heat exchanger
to transfer heat from the refrigerant to the air;

wherein the first heat exchanger is disposed within the first flow channel and the second heat exchanger is disposed in at
least a portion of each of the first flow channel and the second flow channel.

US Pat. No. 10,130,006

THERMAL CONTROL WITHIN AN ENCLOSURE WITH CIRCULAR CROSS-SECTION

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. A thermal control system comprising:an enclosure configured to contain a thermal mass;
a baffle plate disposed in the enclosure;
a heat exchanger disposed in the enclosure and cooperating with the baffle plate to divide the enclosure into a first chamber and a second chamber; and
an air circulation element cooperating with the baffle plate and the heat exchanger to define an air circulation path and cause air to flow through the air circulation path, the heat exchanger exchanging thermal energy with the air flowing through the air circulation path, wherein the air circulation element is disposed in the baffle plate, wherein the enclosure has a circular cross-sectional shape, and wherein the heat exchanger has a curvature corresponding to a curvature of an inner surface of a periphery of the enclosure.

US Pat. No. 10,098,219

PCB CURRENT TRACK COOLING IN ELECTRICAL CLIMATE COMPRESSORS

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. An assembly for maximizing a current-carrying capacity of conductor tracks comprising:a circuit board;
a plurality of conductor tracks arranged on or within the circuit board;
a refrigerant compressor having a housing and a coolant, a part of the housing configured to be cooled by the coolant; and
an elevation directly coupled to the circuit board and directly coupled to the part of the housing configured to be cooled by the coolant, the elevation thereby thermally coupling the circuit board and the part of the housing configured to be cooled by the coolant and maximizing the current-carrying capacity of the plurality of conductor tracks, wherein the elevation directly contacts a portion of the circuit board where the plurality of conductor tracks are located, and wherein the elevation is directly coupled to the circuit board using screws disposed between adjacent ones of the plurality of conductor tracks.

US Pat. No. 9,242,526

AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM FOR A MOTORIZED VEHICLE

Hanon Systems, Daejeon-s...

1. An air conditioning system for a vehicle comprising:
a blower evaporator element configured for receiving a flow of air and having an evaporator disposed therein;
an air distribution element disposed downstream from the blower evaporator element and configured for guiding the flow of
air to a passenger compartment, wherein the air distribution element forms a first flow path for the flow of air;

a range of variation in fluid communication with the air distribution element, the range of variation having external dimensions
corresponding to dimensions of an installation space of the vehicle, wherein the range of variation forms a second flow path
for the flow of air; and

a heat exchanger disposed in the range of variation, wherein the heat exchanger is aligned with the cross-section of the second
flow path.

US Pat. No. 9,242,527

REFRIGERANT CIRCUIT OF AN HVAC SYSTEM OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Hanon Systems, Daejeon-s...

1. A refrigerant circuit for a vehicle HVAC system, comprising:
a circuit including, in order, a compressor, a tapping point, a first switching valve, a fourth heat exchanger, a refrigerant
collector serving as a connection point, a first heat exchanger, a second switching valve connected to 1) the first heat exchanger,
2) an inlet of the compressor, and 3) an outlet of the compressor, and a first entering point that leads to the inlet of the
compressor;

a third heat exchanger in parallel with the fourth heat exchanger, the third heat exchanger located between the first switching
valve and the refrigerant collector;

a second heat exchanger in parallel with the first heat exchanger, the second heat exchanger located between the refrigerant
collector and the first entering point; and

a fifth heat exchanger in parallel with the first heat exchanger and the second heat exchanger and in series with the third
heat exchanger;

the refrigerant circuit configured to provide a combined cooling mode and heating mode, as well as a reheating mode for fresh
air entering an interior of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,341,064

VANE ROTARY COMPRESSOR HAVING A HINGE-COUPLED VANE

Hanon Systems, Daejeon-s...

1. A vane rotary compressor comprising:
a hollow cylinder (200), an inner peripheral surface of the hollow cylinder is formed in the form of an involute curve along a circumferential direction
of the hollow cylinder;

a front housing (300) which is formed therein with a space portion so as to install the cylinder (200) and is opened at the rear of the space portion;

a rear housing (400) which is coupled to a rear end of the front housing (300) to close the space portion;

a rotor (600) which is installed within the cylinder (200) and rotates by receiving power of a drive source from a rotary shaft (500); and

a vane (700) which is hinge-coupled, at a first end of the vane, to an outer peripheral surface of the rotor (600) while a second end of the vane (700) comes into contact with the inner peripheral surface of the cylinder (200) along with rotation of the rotor (600), wherein one side of an outer peripheral surface of the front housing (300) protrudes outwardly to form an oil room (331).

US Pat. No. 9,261,194

METAL SEAL FITTING CONSTRAINTS

Hanon Systems, Daejeon-s...

1. A block fitting for an air conditioning system comprising:
a male block portion including a first aperture receiving a tube end therein, the male block portion including an annular
shoulder surrounding the first aperture of the male block portion, the annular shoulder including an axially extending lip
formed at a first end thereof, the axially extending lip having an inner circumferential surface and an outer circumferential
surface;

a female block portion including a first aperture receiving a tube end therein, the female block portion including an annular
collar surrounding the first aperture of the female block portion and cooperating with the annular shoulder formed by the
male block portion, the first aperture of the male block portion and the first aperture of the female block portion being
substantially concentrically aligned, the female block portion having an annular groove between the aperture and the annular
collar, the annular groove having an inner circumferential surface and an outer circumferential surface, the annular groove
cooperating with the axially extending lip of the male block portion, the outer circumferential surface of the annular groove
disposed opposite the inner circumferential surface of the annular groove;

a seal structure disposed radially inward from the axially extending lip of the male block portion and between the male block
portion and the female block portion, the seal structure including a first seal portion produced from a plastically deformable
metal or plastic material and having a free edge, the first seal portion surrounding the first aperture of the male block
portion and the first aperture of the female block portion, and a second seal portion produced from an elastomer disposed
on the free edge of the first seal portion; and

a fastener engaging the male block portion and the female block portion, the fastener causing the male block portion and the
female block portion to deform the first seal portion and provide a primary seal between the male block portion and the female
block portion, and the fastener causing the male block portion and the female block portion to cooperate with the second seal
portion and provide a secondary seal between the male block portion and the female block portion, wherein the primary seal
and the secondary seal militate against a leakage of a fluid from the block fitting,

wherein when the tube ends are received in the first and second apertures, the male and female block portions have opposing
sealing beads that plastically deform the first seal portion and provide the primary seal between the male block portion and
the female block portion, wherein a fine pilot is formed by a fine gap between the inner circumferential surface of the axially
extending lip and the inner circumferential surface of the annular groove and a coarse pilot is formed by a coarse gap between
the outer circumferential surface of the axially extending lip and the outer circumferential surface of the annular groove,
wherein an average width of the fine gap forming the fine pilot is less than an average width of the coarse gap forming the
coarse pilot, and wherein the inner circumferential surface of the axially extending lip and the outer circumferential surface
of the axially extending lip are tapered in a manner wherein the axially extending lip is dual tapered along a length thereof
from a base of the axially extending lip to a distal end thereof to militate against a binding of the mate block portion and
the female block portion during assembly of the block fitting.

US Pat. No. 9,539,631

MANUFACTURING PROCESS FOR TUBE-IN-TUBE INTERNAL HEAT EXCHANGER

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-S...

1. A method of forming a bend in a tube arrangement, the method comprising the steps of:
providing a tube arrangement including an inner tube disposed within an outer tube;
providing a bending die having a concave groove formed therein, the concave groove including a curved portion extending around
a peripheral surface of the bending die, the curved portion of the concave groove having at least one ridge projecting therefrom;

locating at least a portion of the tube arrangement within the concave groove of the bending die;
applying force to the tube arrangement in a direction toward the concave groove of the bending die to cause the tube arrangement
to bend around the curved portion of the concave groove; and

deforming the outer tube of the tube arrangement, the deforming step including forming at least one groove in an exterior
surface of the outer tube having a shape conforming to a shape of the at least one ridge projecting from the curved portion
of the concave groove, wherein the at least one groove formed in the exterior surface of the outer tube causes at least one
projection to be formed on an interior surface of the outer tube, wherein the at least one projection contacts an exterior
surface of the inner tube.

US Pat. No. 9,470,351

CRIMP FITTING HAVING REVERSED BARBS

Hanon Systems, Daejeon-s...

1. A crimp fitting assembly configured for deformation by a crimping apparatus, comprising:
a nipple including an outer surface having a plurality of paired barb configurations formed thereon, each of the paired barb
configurations including an axially extending reverse angled first barb and an axially extending forward angled second barb
spaced apart from the first barb forming an annular groove therebetween, the first barb and the second barb of the paired
barb configurations alternatingly formed on the outer surface of the nipple;

a hose member having a bore formed therein, the nipple at least partially received in the bore of the hose member; and
a socket coupled to the nipple and at least partially surrounding the hose member, the socket deformed by the crimping apparatus
to form at least one radially inwardly extending deformed portion to compress the hose member upon the annular groove of at
least one of the paired barb configurations, the socket including an annular array of ribs formed on an outer surface thereof,
each of the ribs formed only on portions of the outer surface of the socket in axial alignment with at least one of the at
least one radially inwardly extending deformed portions, wherein one of the paired barb configurations abuts another one of
the paired barb configurations, wherein the annular groove of each of the paired barb configurations is axially aligned with
a corresponding one of the radially inwardly extending deformed portions, and wherein each of the paired barb configurations
has a symmetric structure of the first barb and the second barb formed by the annular groove having a generally rectangular
cross-sectional shape.

US Pat. No. 9,302,634

LOCAL HIGH VOLTAGE SAFETY INTERLOCK FOR HV COMPONENTS IN A VEHICLE WITH FEEDBACK TO THE VEHICLE SYSTEM

Hanon Systems, Daejeon-s...

1. A high-voltage safety interlock for HV components in a vehicle comprising:
an HV plug configured for electrical communication with an HV power supply and connected to an LV power supply, wherein the
LV power supply is configured to be electrically isolated from the HV power supply; and

a safety bridge disposed in the HV plug, the safety bridge is configured to be in signal communication with a central vehicle
control of the vehicle through at least one of an internal bus system through a decentral control and regulating unit of an
HV component within the vehicle and a simple switched signal through a decentral control and regulating unit of the HV component.

US Pat. No. 9,694,668

COOLING MODULE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. A cooling module comprising:
a condenser 100;

an electronic radiator 200 provided below the condenser 100;

an engine radiator 300 provided at one side of the condenser 100 in a flow direction of a cooling air;

an air guide 400 provided below the engine radiator 300 and at one side of the electronic radiator 200 in the flow direction of the cooling air; and

a fan shroud assembly 500 provided at one side of the engine radiator 300 and the air guide 400 in the flow direction of the cooling air,

wherein the air guide 400 is disposed between the electronic radiator 200 and the fan shroud assembly 500.

US Pat. No. 9,657,956

MULTI-STAGE DOOR SEALING AND AIRFLOW RELEASE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

14. A temperature door for an air handling system of a heating, ventilating, and air conditioning system for a vehicle, comprising:
a first surface;
a pivoting structure defining an axis, wherein the first surface is coupled to the pivoting structure and configured to pivot
about the axis in a housing of the air handling system;

the first surface further comprising:
a first radial edge and a second radial edge extending radially outwardly from the axis, and a distal edge spaced from the
axis and extending between the first radial edge and the second radial edge;

a first radial sealing lip disposed on the first radial edge;
a second radial sealing lip disposed on the second radial edge; and
a distal sealing lip disposed on the distal edge, wherein the first radial sealing lip, the second radial sealing lip, and
the distal sealing define a sealing perimeter of the first surface adapted to engage a corresponding sealing surface of the
housing of the air handling system in a first seal position;

wherein a first pivoting of the first surface about the axis from the first seal position to a second seal position causes
formation of a first release gap between the first radial sealing lip and the sealing surface and a second release gap between
the second radial sealing lip and the sealing surface while the distal sealing lip remains engaged with the sealing surface
at the location spaced from the axis, wherein at least one of the first radial sealing lip and the second radial sealing lip
has a progressively increasing overlap with respect to the corresponding sealing surface of the housing as the one of the
first radial sealing lip and the second radial sealing lip extends in a direction away from the axis.

US Pat. No. 9,555,687

COLD-STORAGE HEAT EXCHANGER

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. A cold-storage heat exchanger, comprising:
a first header tank and a second header tank disposed parallel to each other at positions spaced apart from each other by
a predetermined distance, each of the first and second header tanks having therein partitions extending in a longitudinal
direction so that a space in each of the first and second header tanks is partitioned with respect to a lateral direction
into a first space, a second space and a third space;

a plurality of tubes arranged in three rows with respect to the lateral direction, the plurality of tubes comprising:
refrigerant tubes through which refrigerant circulates, each of the refrigerant tubes being connected at opposite ends thereof
to the first spaces of the first and second header tanks respectively or the third spaces of the first and second header tanks
respectively; and

a cold-storage tubes connected at opposite ends thereof to the second spaces of the first and second header tanks respectively,
the cold-storage tubes storing a cold-storage medium therein;

fins interposed between the plurality of tubes; and
an inlet pipe and an outlet pipe each disposed on the first header tank or the second header tank so that the refrigerant
flows into the cold-storage heat exchanger through the inlet pipe and flows out therefrom through the outlet pipe,

wherein a refrigerant passing hole is disposed in a predetermined portion of each of laterally-opposite sidewalls of the second
space of at least either the first header tank or the second header tank so that the first space communicates with the third
space to allow the refrigerant to flow between the first space and the third space, the cold-storage heat exchanger further
comprising: a partitioning means for isolating the refrigerant flowing between the first space and the third space from the
heat storage medium stored in the cold-storage tubes,

wherein the second space is partitioned with respect to a height direction by the partitioning means into a primary-second
space and a secondary-second space disposed above the primary-second space, and

wherein the primary-second space communicates with the cold-storage tubes, and the refrigerant passing holes are disposed
in the secondary-second space.

US Pat. No. 9,531,045

BATTERY COOLER

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-S...

1. A battery cooler, comprising:
at least one support plate; and
at least one structure plate coupled to the at least one support plate, the at least one structure plate including a flow
channel for receiving a fluid therein, the flow channel including a plurality of sections forming a multiple counter flow
configuration, the plurality of sections including a first section extending adjacent a first side of the structure plate
as an inlet section having a fluid-inlet connection portion for receiving the fluid into the flow channel, a second section
extending adjacent a second side of the structure plate opposite the first side, and a third section positioned between the
first section and the second section as an outlet section having a fluid-outlet connection portion for conveying the fluid
from the flow channel, wherein the first section is directly connected only to the second section wherein the fluid flows
in order through the first section, the second section, and the third section of the flow channel, the flow channel including
a plurality of webs, wherein one of the webs is disposed adjacent another one of the webs in respect of a direction along
a length of the structure plate, and the webs decrease the cross-section of the flow channel, wherein the sections of the
flow channel are separated from each other by a plurality of channel boundaries, and a plurality of bulges are provided to
the respective channel boundaries to provide connection areas for brazing, and wherein the inlet section having the fluid-inlet
connection portion is adjacent the outlet section having the fluid-outlet connection portion; wherein the inlet section extends
from the fluid-inlet connection portion adjacent a first lengthwise end of the structure plate to adjacent a second lengthwise
end of the structure plate in a direction with respect to the length of the structure plate and the outlet section extends
in parallel with the inlet section from adjacent the second lengthwise end to the fluid-outlet connection portion adjacent
the first lengthwise end of the structure plate in a direction with respect to the length of the structure plate, wherein
the inlet section and the outlet section share a common channel boundary among the plurality of channel boundaries, and wherein
the plurality of channel boundaries contacts the fluid received in the flow channel.

US Pat. No. 9,488,289

VARIABLE SUCTION DEVICE FOR AN A/C COMPRESSOR TO IMPROVE NVH BY VARYING THE SUCTION INLET FLOW AREA

Hanon Systems, Daejeon-s...

1. A suction throttle valve for a variable displacement compressor having a compressor housing including a crankcase chamber
and a suction chamber formed therein, the suction throttle valve comprising:
a valve housing with a cavity formed therein, the valve housing including a suction inlet formed therein;
a suction port extending laterally from the valve housing, wherein the suction inlet provides fluid communication between
the suction port and the cavity formed in the valve housing;

a first piston reciprocatingly disposed in the cavity, wherein the first piston is configured to cause a variable restriction
of the suction inlet as the first piston reciprocates within the cavity of the valve housing; and

a partition dividing the cavity into a first chamber and a second chamber and dividing the suction inlet into a first suction
inlet and a second suction inlet,

wherein a first fluid flowing through the suction port flows in a direction that is not parallel to a direction the first
piston reciprocates in the cavity of the valve housing.

US Pat. No. 9,261,013

RESERVOIR TANK FOR AN AUTOMOBILE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-S...

1. A reservoir tank for an automobile comprising:
a filler neck for filling coolant;
a cap for closing the filler neck; and
a sub filler neck configured to be retracted into and extracted from the filler neck;
wherein the reservoir tank is integrally formed with a shroud of a fan and shroud assembly, is disposed at a carrier together
with a condenser, a radiator, and the fan and shroud assembly, and is communicated with the radiator so as to control an amount
of the coolant in the radiator,

wherein the sub filler neck has a hollow pipe shape, and comprises:
a flange portion at an upper end thereof configured to be caught by the filler neck so as to restrict a retracted level of
the sub filler neck;

a protrusion at an outer circumference of a lower end thereof, configured to prevent the sub filler neck from being separated
from the filler neck; and

a stopper elastically protruded at an upper portion of the protrusion, wherein the stopper and the protrusion are inclined
outwardly from the sub filler neck, outward inclination of the protrusion is upward such that the upper portion of the protrusion
is farther from the outer circumference than a lower portion of the protrusion is from the outer circumference, and outward
inclination of the stopper is downward and toward the protrusion so that an extracted state of the sub filler neck is maintained
by the filler neck being fixed between an upper surface of the protrusion and a lower surface of the stopper,

wherein the stopper is formed at both sides of the sub filler neck, and both side portions and a lower circumferential portion
of the stopper are cut off, whereby the lower circumferential portion of the stopper has a free end which is separated from
the outer circumference of the sub filler neck.

US Pat. No. 9,242,530

HEAT EXCHANGER WITH PHASE CHANGE MATERIAL MANIFOLDS

Hanon Systems, Daejeon-s...

1. A heating, ventilating, and air conditioning system comprising:
a control module including a housing forming an air flow conduit and having an inlet section and a mixing section;
an evaporator core, a heat exchanger, and a heater core, all of which are disposed within the air flow conduit;
a blend door disposed between the evaporator core and the heat exchanger;
a thermal energy exchanger comprising:
a main housing having a hollow interior;
a plurality of first tubes disposed in the housing forming open areas therebetween, wherein the first tubes receive a first
fluid therein;

a plurality of second tubes disposed in the housing, the second tubes interleaved with the first tubes, wherein the second
tubes include a phase change material disposed therein;

a first manifold and a second manifold in fluid communication with the first tubes; and
a third manifold and a fourth manifold in fluid communication with the second tubes, wherein the third manifold and the fourth
manifold are disposed outside of the first manifold and the second manifold with respect to a longitudinal direction of the
second tubes;

wherein the open areas receive a second fluid from the heat exchanger; and
a source of cooled fluid in fluid communication with the evaporator core and the thermal energy exchanger, wherein the first
tubes receive the first fluid from the source of cooled fluid, wherein the thermal energy exchanger is in fluid communication
with the heat exchanger and heat exchange between the first fluid from the source of cooled fluid and the second fluid from
the heat exchanger occurs in the thermal energy exchanger.

US Pat. No. 9,530,994

HEAT EXCHANGER FOR TEMPERATURE CONTROL OF VEHICLE BATTERIES

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-S...

1. A heat exchanger for temperature controlling and fastening of battery units of a vehicle, the heat exchanger comprising:
a plurality of continuously formed first multi-channel flat tubes passable by a heat carrier and forming a holding frame,
the holding frame providing a structure that forms a plurality of substantially rectangular chambers for receiving the battery
units, the plurality of first multi-channel flat tubes oriented substantially parallel to each other, the plurality of substantially
rectangular chambers having narrow sides and longitudinal sides defined by the plurality of first multi-channel flat tubes,
wherein the narrow sides of the plurality of substantially rectangular chambers formed by the plurality of first multi-channel
flat tubes are arched outwardly causing the narrow sides of the plurality of substantially rectangular chambers to shorten
and the longitudinal sides of the plurality of substantially rectangular chambers to approach each other to compensate for
expansion of the battery cells due to a thermal load;

a distributing tube for conducting the heat carrier to a first end of each of the plurality of first multi-channel flat tubes,
wherein the distributing tube and the first ends of each of the plurality of first multi-channel flat tubes define a first
one of the narrow sides of the plurality of substantially rectangular chambers; and

a collecting tube for conducting the heat carrier from a second end of each of the plurality of first multi-channel flat tubes,
wherein the collecting tube and the distributing tube are connected to each other by the plurality of first multi-channel
flat tubes, wherein the collecting tube and the second ends of each of the plurality of first multi-channel flat tubes define
a second one of the narrow sides of the plurality of substantially rectangular chambers;

wherein the plurality of substantially rectangular chambers is disposed between the distributing tube and the collecting tube;
and

wherein an intermediate portion of each of the plurality of first multi-channel flat tubes defines at least one of the longitudinal
sides of the plurality of substantially rectangular chambers so the plurality of substantially rectangular chambers is surrounded
by the plurality of first multi-channel flat tubes; and

wherein vertically adjacent ones of the plurality of first multi-channel flat tubes are mechanically and heat-conductively
connected to each other by heat conducting sheets in a vertical direction so the plurality of substantially rectangular chambers
is segmented for accommodating the battery units by the heat conducting sheets, and wherein each of the heat conducting sheets
is oriented substantially vertical.

US Pat. No. 9,476,520

HVAC DOOR WITH INTERSECTING SURFACE CONFIGURATIONS

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-S...

1. A fluid distribution door configured for use in a heating, ventilating, and air conditioning system of a vehicle, the fluid
distribution door comprising:
a main body having a first surface, wherein the first surface includes a first wave pattern and a second wave pattern formed
therein, the first wave pattern including a plurality of first crests and a plurality of first troughs extending in a first
direction and the second wave pattern including a plurality of second crests and a plurality of second troughs extending in
a second direction transverse to the first direction.

US Pat. No. 9,541,301

SILENCER FOR A VEHICLE AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. A silencer for reducing noise and vibration transmitted through a coolant pipe conveying a coolant gas and a lubricating
oil therethrough, the silencer comprising:
a silencer body tube including a resonance hole formed in an outer circumferential surface thereof; and
an external resonance tube disposed around the outer circumferential surface of the silencer body tube, a resonance chamber
having a total volume defined between the outer circumferential surface of the silencer body tube and the external resonance
tube, the total volume of the resonance chamber absorbing a vibration and a noise of the coolant gas flowing through the silencer
body tube, the resonance hole providing fluid communication between the silencer body tube and the resonance chamber and lubricating
oil introduced into the resonance chamber flowing downward in a gravity direction and discharging into the silencer body tube
through the resonance hole.

US Pat. No. 9,504,116

AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM CONTROLLER FOR MOTOR VEHICLES

Hanon Systems, Daejeon-s...

1. An air conditioning system controller for a motor vehicle, comprising:
a mood lamp;
an illumination device illuminating the mood lamp with at least one variable illumination color;
a control unit in signal communication with the illumination device and configured to control the at least one variable illumination
color of the illumination device responsive to at least one of a cooling/heating load of an air conditioning system of the
motor vehicle, an external air temperature condition of the air conditioning system of the motor vehicle, and a vehicle room
temperature set by a user of the motor vehicle, wherein the external air temperature condition is one of a cooling condition,
a heating condition, and a heating/cooling mixed condition;

a cooling/heating load detecting unit in signal communication with the control unit and configured to detect the cooling/heating
load and signal the cooling/heating load to the control unit, the cooling/heating load detecting unit including a blower rotation
speed level detecting unit configured to detect a blower rotation speed level of a blower of the air conditioning system of
the motor vehicle, wherein the cooling/heating load is dependent on the blower rotation speed level; and

an external air temperature condition detecting unit in signal communication with the control unit and configured to detect
the external air temperature condition of the air conditioning system and signal the external air temperature condition to
the control unit.

US Pat. No. 9,375,503

AIR CONDITIONER FOR AUTOMOBILE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. An air conditioner for an automobile, comprising:
an air conditioning case comprising a face vent having an open degree controlled by a first door, a defrost vent having an
open degree controlled by a second door, a floor vent having an open degree controlled by a third door, and a hollow region;

a blowing part connected to an inlet of the air conditioning case, the blowing part being configured to blow external air;
an evaporator and a heater core within the air conditioning case;
a temp-door controlling open degrees of a cool air passage and a warm air passage in the air conditioning case;
a perfume generating unit including an air inlet through which air is introduced, an air outlet through which the air is discharged,
and a perfume generating part generating a perfume;

a discharging part connected to the air outlet of the perfume generating unit to supply the air transferred through the air
outlet into the air conditioning case, wherein the discharging part includes a transferring part having a pipe shape extending
in a width direction in the air conditioning case, the transferring part has a plurality of communication holes in a length
direction thereof, the transferring part is integrally formed with an inner wall of the air conditioning case in such a manner
that the inner wall of the air conditioning case is parallel with the length direction of the transferring part, and the discharging
part is inserted within the hollow region of the air conditioning case;

a connecting part, one side of which is connected to a side of a supply pipe so as to be connected to the air outlet of the
perfume generating unit,

a supporting part comprising a first protruded portion and a concave portion, the first protruded portion protruding from
a circumference of a region between the connecting part and the transferring part and having a size capable of being inserted
into the hollow region of the air conditioning case;

a convex part comprising a second protruded portion, the second protruded portion protruding from a predetermined region of
an inner circumferential surface of the hollow region of the air conditioning case toward an inner area of the hollow region
of the air conditioning case, and being configured to correspond with the concave portion of the supporting part;

an extension part formed at one side of the supporting part in an outward direction of the air conditioning case, the extension
part being configured to contact an outer surface of the air conditioning case; and

an indicating part comprising third protruded portion protruding from a predetermined region of an outer circumference of
the extension part, the indicating part being indicative of a direction corresponding to a position of the communication holes
in the transferring part,

wherein a gradient of a reference direction opposing an air flow direction from the center of the discharging part in a radial
direction is defined as 0 degrees, the communication holes are formed at an angle between 30 and 330 degrees from the reference
direction, and the air flow direction is a direction in which air is applied to an outer side of the transferring part while
the air flows inside the air conditioning case.

US Pat. No. 9,333,835

HEATER FOR VEHICLES

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. A heater for vehicles, comprising:
a first heater which includes a first header tank and a second header tank spaced apart from each other by a predetermined
distance, an inlet pipe and an outlet pipe which are respectively, alternately disposed at the first header tank and the second
header tank to have cooling water introduced and discharged thereinto and therefrom, and a plurality of tubes disposed between
the first and second header tanks and fixed to the first and second header tanks, a plurality of cooling water passages defined
by the first, second header tanks and the plurality of tubes, and fins disposed between the plurality of tubes; and

a second heater which includes a first support part having a plate shape perpendicular to an air flow direction and including
a first heat radiating region and a first air flow region having a plurality of first holes, a heat radiating unit fixed to
the first heat radiating region of the first support part to radiate heat, and a housing coupled to the first support part
and one end of the heat radiating unit,

wherein the first support part of the second heater is disposed adjacent to the plurality of tubes and the fins of the first
heater, and

wherein the heat radiating part includes:
a heat radiating tube that is coupled with the first heat radiating region of the first support part;
an insulating support which is disposed in the heat radiating tube and includes a space part;
a positive temperature coefficient (PTC) element which is disposed in the space part of the insulating support; and
an electrode which is disposed in the insulating support.

US Pat. No. 9,243,543

UNIVERSAL ATTENUATION DEVICE FOR AIR-CONDITIONING CIRCUIT

Hanon Systems, Daejeon-s...

1. An attenuation device, comprising:
a housing having a hollow interior, the hollow interior including at least one chamber, an inlet section having a radially
outwardly flared first end, and an outlet section having a radially outwardly flared first end; and

a dampening member disposed within the at least one chamber, the dampening member including a partition plate disposed in
a substantially orthogonal manner to a longitudinal direction of the at least one chamber, the partition plate having at least
one pipe extending therethrough and an outer peripheral surface abutting an inner surface of the housing and forming a first
sub-chamber and a second sub-chamber, each of the first sub-chamber and the second sub-chamber longitudinally disposed in
the at least one chamber, wherein the first end of the inlet section is directly coupled to both the first sub-chamber and
a first end of the at least one pipe and the first end of the outlet section is directly coupled to both the second sub-chamber
and a second end of the at least one pipe, wherein the dampening member and the housing are configured to attenuate acoustic
energy occurring within a frequency band of about 200 Hz to about 2000 Hz.

US Pat. No. 9,638,094

CHARGE AIR COOLER WITH INTEGRATED ADJUSTABLE DRAIN MECHANISM

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. A drain mechanism disposed in a wall of an outlet tank of a charge air cooler, the drain mechanism comprising:
a first valve head disposed on a first side of the wall and within a hollow interior of the outlet tank;
a second valve head disposed on a second side of the wall and an exterior of the outlet tank; and
a valve stem having a first end coupled to the first valve head and a second end coupled to the second valve head, wherein
the valve stem is reciprocatingly disposed within an aperture formed in the wall of the outlet tank, the aperture providing
selective fluid communication between the hollow interior of the outlet tank and the exterior of the outlet tank, wherein
the valve stem is surrounded by an electromagnet configured to urge the valve stem in a direction toward the hollow interior
of the outlet tank when the electromagnet is electrically energized, wherein the valve stem has a hollow interior including
an inlet formed in the first end thereof providing fluid communication between the hollow interior of the outlet tank and
the hollow interior of the valve stem and a drain aperture formed in a sidewall of the valve stem, the drain aperture selectively
providing fluid communication between the hollow interior of the valve stem and the exterior of the outlet tank.

US Pat. No. 9,523,370

BLOWER WITH CURVED BLADES

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-S...

20. A centrifugal blower assembly comprising:
a scroll housing including a fluid inlet and a spaced apart fluid outlet;
an impeller disposed in the scroll housing, the impeller including a hub having a planar upper surface, an annular inlet ring
adjacent the fluid inlet, and a plurality of spaced apart blades arranged annularly around an axis of rotation of the impeller,
an entire length of a first end of each blade coupled to the hub and a second end of each blade coupled to the annular inlet
ring, wherein each of the blades includes a leading edge facing the axis of rotation of the impeller and a trailing edge opposite
the leading edge;

a scroll duct extending around a periphery of the impeller and terminating into the fluid outlet, the fluid outlet extending
tangentially from the scroll duct; and

a cutoff edge formed in the scroll housing, the cutoff edge forming a boundary between the fluid outlet and one end of the
scroll duct;

wherein the leading edge of each of the blades curves away from the axis of rotation of the impeller as each of the blades
extends away from the hub and toward the annular inlet ring, causing the leading edge of each blade to have a convex shape
and the trailing edge of each blade to have a concave shape, wherein the cutoff edge has a shape corresponding to the shape
of the trailing edge of each blade.

US Pat. No. 9,346,336

REFRIGERANT CIRCUIT OF AN AIR CONDITIONER WITH HEAT PUMP

Hanon Systems, Daejeon-s...

1. A refrigerant circuit of an air conditioning system for a passenger compartment of a motor vehicle comprising:
a primary circuit having a compressor configured to compress a refrigerant, a first heat exchanger in fluid communication
with the compressor and configured to transfer heat between a refrigerant and the environment, a first expansion element in
fluid communication with the first heat exchanger, and a second heat exchanger in fluid communication with the first expansion
element and the compressor, the second heat exchanger configured to dehumidify an intake air;

a secondary circuit having a first flow pathway and a second flow pathway, the first flow pathway having a third heat exchanger
in fluid communication with the compressor and configured to transfer heat from the refrigerant to the intake air, and a second
expansion element in fluid communication with the third heat exchanger;

a third expansion element disposed downstream of the compressor in respect of a direction of flow of a refrigerant through
the primary circuit;

a first branching point disposed downstream of the compressor, the first branching point configured to divide a flow of the
refrigerant between the third heat exchanger of the first flow pathway and the first heat exchanger of the primary circuit,
wherein the second heat exchanger is disposed upstream of the compressor, wherein the first flow pathway extends from the
first branching point to a first outlet point disposed intermediate the second heat exchanger and the compressor, wherein
the second flow pathway extends from a second branching point disposed intermediate the compressor and the first heat exchanger
to a second outlet point disposed intermediate the first outlet point and the compressor, and wherein the third expansion
element is disposed intermediate the first branching point and the second branching point; and

a valve disposed downstream of the compressor, the valve configured to shut off the first flow pathway.

US Pat. No. 9,809,089

AROMA-DIFFUSING CARTRIDGE FOR VEHICLE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. An aroma-diffusing cartridge for a vehicle comprising:
a cartridge body which has a pair of vent holes at one side to make air flow in and out and a space which is a passage formed
therein to allow the inflow air to flow;

a plurality of carriers arranged and mounted inside the cartridge body to contain and emit aroma according to an air flow
path,

wherein the carriers have different aroma containing structures that are different in aroma containing and emitting term from
one another;

wherein at least one of the carriers is relatively longer or shorter in aroma containing and emitting term than the other
carriers;

wherein the vent holes which respectively form an air inlet and an air outlet of the cartridge body are respectively arranged
at one side and the other side of the cartridge body, and the air passage which connects the vent holes has at least one bent
section;

wherein the carriers comprise first carriers arranged on the air passage of the cartridge body, third carriers arranged to
be adjacent to a pair of the vent holes which respectively form an air inlet and an air outlet, and a second carrier arranged
between the first carriers and the third carriers;

wherein the first carriers are longer in aroma containing and emitting term than the second carrier and the third carriers;
and

wherein the first carriers which are the longest in the aroma containing and emitting term are arranged at a position which
does not directly touch the vent holes.

US Pat. No. 9,810,465

HEAT PUMP SYSTEM FOR VEHICLE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

17. A heat pump system for a vehicle comprising:
heat pump cycle components including a compressor, an indoor heat exchanger, an expansion valve unit, an outdoor heat exchanger
and an evaporator;

a refrigerant circulation line R connecting said heat pump cycle components;
a bypass line and a second valve unit disposed on the refrigerant circulation line to allow a refrigerant circulating the
refrigerant circulation line to bypass at least one component among the heat pump cycle components; and

a controller adapted to change the direction of the flow of refrigerant through the second valve unit in case a mode change
signal to change between an air conditioner mode and a heat pump mode is received, characterized in that:

when the mode change signal is received, the controller changes the direction of the second valve unit after a first delay
time from the mode change signal receiving time;

wherein the expansion valve unit comprises an on/off valve disposed on the refrigerant circulation line between the indoor
heat exchanger and the outdoor heat exchanger to perform an opening/closing operation for the flow of the refrigerant and
an orifice integrally formed with the on/off valve to expand the refrigerant, so that upon the air conditioner mode, the expansion
valve unit opens the on/off valve to allow the refrigerant to flow therethrough in a state where the refrigerant is in an
unexpanded state, and upon the heat pump mode, the expansion valve unit closes the on/off valve to allow the refrigerant to
be expanded through the orifice and thus flow therethrough;

wherein the on/off valve is adapted to open and close a refrigerant passage formed at the inside thereof and has a valve member
on which the orifice is formed and a motor mounted on one side thereof to rotate the valve member; and

wherein upon receiving the mode change signal, the controller delays the opening/closing operation of the on/off valve for
a second delay time and then conducts the opening/closing operation.

US Pat. No. 9,682,607

AIR CONDITIONER FOR VEHICLE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. An air conditioner for a vehicle, wherein the air conditioner is configured to operate in a cooling mode and a heating
mode, the air conditioner comprising:
an air-conditioning case;
an evaporator and a heater core mounted inside the air-conditioning case along an air flow direction in order;
a flow rate control valve mounted between inlet and outlet pipes of the heater core and a cooling water pipe of an engine,
wherein the flow rate control valve is configured to control a flow rate of cooling water circulating from the engine to the
heater core, wherein the cooling water is a heat carrier for cold storage or heat storage;

a circulation pump configured to circulate the cooling water contained inside the heater core; and
a storage tank comprising a surface contact part throughout which the evaporator is in surface contact with the storage tank,
wherein the surface contact part is an inwardly dented cavity comprising at least two sides perpendicular to a bottom surface,
is formed in the external surface of the storage tank on the upper portion of the storage tank into which the evaporator is
inserted, and is configured to carry out heat exchange of the heat carrier,

wherein the storage tank is configured to exchange heat with the evaporator through the at least two sides and the bottom
surface of the inwardly dented cavity,

wherein the external surface of the storage tank is configured to be cooled by condensate water generated from the surface
of the evaporator,

wherein the storage tank is configured to carry out cold storage when the air conditioner operates in cooling mode, wherein
the flow rate control valve is configured to stop the flow rate of cooling water circulating from the engine to the heater
core such that the air flow across the evaporator is cooled, the air flow across the heater core cools the cooling water contained
inside the heater core, and the cooled cooling water contained inside the heater core flows into the storage tank, and

wherein the storage tank is configured to carry out heat storage when the air conditioner operates in heating mode, wherein
the flow rate control valve is configured to permit the flow rate of cooling water circulating from the engine to the heater
core such that the air flow across the evaporator and the heater core is heated, and the heated cooling water heated and supplied
by the engine heats the cooling water of the storage tank.

US Pat. No. 9,822,887

TWO PHASE BALL EXPANSION VALVE FOR HEAT PUMP

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. A device for expansion of a coolant, the device comprising:
a housing with a flow channel formed therein, the flow channel including a first segment having a first cross-sectional flow
area and a second segment having a second cross-sectional flow area, wherein the first cross-sectional flow area is substantially
equal to the second cross-sectional flow area; and

a ball-shaped valve element disposed in the housing intermediate the first cross-sectional flow area of the first segment
of the flow channel and the second cross-sectional flow area of the second segment of the flow channel and configured to rotate
about an axis of rotation, the valve element having a through channel formed therein configured for selective fluid communication
with the flow channel of the housing, the through channel including an entry opening having a third cross-sectional flow area
and an exit opening having a fourth cross-sectional flow area smaller than the third cross-sectional flow area, wherein the
third cross-sectional flow area of the entry opening is larger than each of the first cross-sectional flow area of the first
segment of the flow channel and the second cross-sectional flow area of the second segment of the flow channel, and wherein
the fourth cross-sectional flow area of the exit opening is smaller than each of the first cross-sectional flow area of the
first segment of the flow channel and the second cross-sectional flow area of the second segment of the flow channel, wherein
the valve element is continuously adjustable in intermediate positions between a first fully opened end position, a fully
closed position, and a second fully opened end position, and wherein the valve element is turned by 180° between the first
fully opened end position and the second fully opened end position, wherein a first overlap present between the third cross-sectional
flow area of the entry opening and one of the first cross-sectional flow area of the first segment of the flow channel and
the second cross-sectional flow area of the second segment of the flow channel remains constant when the valve element is
rotated through a first range of rotational positions and wherein a second overlap present between the fourth cross-sectional
flow area of the exit opening and an other of the first cross-sectional flow area of the first segment of the flow channel
and the second cross-sectional flow area of the second segment of the flow channel remains constant when the valve element
is rotated through the first range of rotational positions, and wherein the first overlap and the second overlap establish
the selective fluid communication between the through channel of the valve element and the flow channel of the housing.

US Pat. No. 9,644,897

HEATER CORE WITH DUAL PLATE PIPE CONNECTOR

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. A heater core, comprising:
a first header tank;
a second header tank disposed in parallel with the first header tank, the second header tank being spaced apart from the first
header tank by a predetermined distance;

a first cap attached to an end of the first header tank;
a second cap attached to another end of the second header tank;
a plurality of tubes inserted into the first header tank and the second header tank, the tubes of the plurality of tubes being
configured to accommodate a heat exchange medium;

a plurality of fins interposed between the tubes of the plurality of tubes;
a side plate configured to support an outermost tube of the plurality of tubes or an outermost fin of the plurality of fins,
the side plate including supporting portions protruding from a first side end and a second side end of the side plate;

a pipe connector coupled with one of the first side or the second side of the side plate;
an inlet pipe coupled with the pipe connector, the inlet pipe being configured to receive the heat exchange medium; and
an outlet pipe coupled with the pipe connector, the outlet pipe being configured to discharge the heat exchange medium,
wherein the pipe connector comprises:
a first plate including:
a first base portion, the first base portion having a first communication hole coupled with the first header tank, and a second
communication hole coupled with the second header tank; and

a first fluid passage forming portion, the first fluid passage forming portion being concave at a predetermined area of the
first base portion and mounted in a space defined by the supporting portions of the side plate; and

a second plate including:
a second base portion coupled with the first base portion of the first plate,
a second fluid passage forming portion, the second fluid passage forming portion being convex at a predetermined area of the
second base portion and opposed to the first fluid forming portion;

an extension portion further protruding in a width direction from a predetermined area of the first fluid passage forming
portion and further protruding in a height direction from a predetermined area of the second fluid passage forming portion
in a region opposed to the side plate, the predetermined area of the second fluid passage forming portion being substantially
aligned with the first communication hole or the second communication hole in a direction toward the heater core;

a first connection portion protruded to an outside of the heater core and coupled with one of the inlet pipe or the outlet
pipe; and

a second connection portion adjacent and parallel to the first connection portion, the second connection portion being coupled
with the other one of the inlet pipe or the outlet pipe,

wherein the first plate further includes a bent portion, the bent portion having an extension tab extending toward an outside
of the supporting portions of the side plate at a predetermined area of the first base portion of which a width is gradually
increased to correspond to the extension portion.

US Pat. No. 9,822,648

BLOWER WHEEL

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. A blower wheel, comprising:
a hub having a first surface and a second surface, the hub including a wave configuration formed in at least one of the first
surface and the second surface thereof, and a plurality of support members formed in the second surface, the wave configuration
extending radially outward from a nose portion of the hub, wherein the wave configuration includes a plurality of crests and
a plurality of troughs formed in at least one of the first surface and the second surface of the hub, and wherein each of
the support members is formed opposite at least one of a peak of one of the crests and a valley of one of the troughs, wherein
the peak of each of the crests extending along a longitudinal axis thereof has a generally convex curvature with respect to
at least one of the first surface and the second surface of the hub, and the valley of each of the troughs extending along
a longitudinal axis thereof has a generally concave curvature with respect to at least one of the first surface and the second
surface of the hub, wherein an axial distance between the peak of each of the crests and the valley of each of the troughs
increases from a center of the hub to a first radius and decreases from the first radius to a second radius, the second radius
radially outwardly from the first radius.

US Pat. No. 9,768,769

POWER ELECTRONIC DEVICE ASSEMBLY FOR PREVENTING PARASITIC SWITCHING-ON OF FEEDER CIRCUIT-BREAKER

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. A power electronic device assembly for preventing parasitic switching-on of a feeder circuit breaker, comprising:
a logic circuit;
a power switch including a control terminal as an input of the power switch and a reference leg;
a driver circuit disposed between the logic circuit and the power switch configured to drive the power switch, the driver
circuit including a drive unit and a short circuit having a safety function, wherein when the input of the power switch is
not in operation, the short circuit short-circuits the power switch using the reference leg of the power switch so a potential
of the input decreases below a switching-on threshold value of the power switch; and

a wire connection device disposed between the driver circuit and the power switch, wherein the wire connection device is configured
such that when a supply voltage for the driver circuit or the short circuit is not applied thereto or is lower than a predetermined
value, the input of the power switch is short-circuited by the reference leg of the power switch or is coupled to a safety
potential at which discharge is secured, whereby discharge of a parasitic charge current generated on the input of the power
switch is secured, wherein the wire connection device includes a bootstrapping circuit and a diode.

US Pat. No. 9,733,022

COOLING MODULE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. A cooling module comprising:
a first heat exchanger cooling a first heat exchange medium;
a second heat exchanger cooling a second heat exchange medium, the second heat exchanger including an interval keeping structure,
wherein the interval keeping structure is a gasket;

a third heat exchanger cooling a third heat exchange medium, wherein the interval keeping structure maintains a spaced distance
from the first heat exchanger and a spaced distance from the third heat exchanger; and

a fan and shroud assembly arranged in parallel in an air flow direction, wherein a flow of the first heat exchange medium
inside first tubes forming the first heat exchanger is perpendicular to a flow of the second heat exchange medium inside second
tubes forming the second heat exchanger and parallel with a flow of the third heat exchange medium inside third tubes forming
the third heat exchanger.

US Pat. No. 9,643,473

HEAT PUMP SYSTEM FOR VEHICLES

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-S...

1. A heat pump system for a vehicle comprising:
a compressor mounted on a refrigerant circulation line for compressing and discharging refrigerant;
an interior heat exchanger mounted inside an air-conditioning case for exchanging heat between air inside the air-conditioning
case and the refrigerant discharged from the compressor;

an evaporator mounted inside the air-conditioning case for exchanging heat between the air inside the air-conditioning case
and the refrigerant supplied to the compressor;

an exterior heat exchanger mounted outside the air-conditioning case for exchanging heat between the refrigerant circulating
through the refrigerant circulation line and outdoor air;

first expansion means mounted on the refrigerant circulation line located between the interior heat exchanger and the exterior
heat exchanger for expanding refrigerant;

second expansion means mounted on the refrigerant circulation line of an inlet side of the evaporator for expanding refrigerant;
a bypass line mounted in such a way as to connect the refrigerant circulation line of an inlet side of the second expansion
means and the refrigerant circulation line of an outlet side of the evaporator, such that refrigerant bypasses the second
expansion means and the evaporator in a heat pump mode;

a dehumidification line mounted on the refrigerant circulation line for supplying some of the refrigerant circulating the
refrigerant circulation line to the evaporator so as to dehumidify an interior of the vehicle in the heat pump mode; and

an auxiliary bypass line mounted on the refrigerant circulation line in order to make the refrigerant passing the first expansion
means bypass the exterior heat exchanger when frosting is generated on the exterior heat exchanger,

wherein the dehumidification line supplies some of the refrigerant passing the first expansion means to the evaporator,
wherein the auxiliary bypass line is separate from the dehumidification line,
wherein the second expansion means comprises an expansion valve having an expansion flow channel for expanding refrigerant
and a bypass flow channel for making the refrigerant bypass the expansion flow channel, and wherein the dehumidification line
connects the refrigerant circulation line of the outlet side of the first expansion means and the bypass flow channel of the
expansion valve with each other, such that the refrigerant passing the dehumidification line bypasses the expansion flow channel
through the bypass flow channel and is supplied to the evaporator.

US Pat. No. 9,511,648

VEHICLE HEATER

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-S...

1. A vehicle heater comprising:
a first support part positioned substantially perpendicular to a direction of a flow of air through the vehicle heater, the
first support part having a plate form and including a first heat generation region and a first air flowing region, the first
air flowing region having a plurality of first holes;

a heat generating part fixed to the first heat generation region of the first support part and configured to generate heat,
the heat generating part including:

a plurality of positive temperature coefficient elements;
an insulation support body formed to correspond to the first heat generation region and a second heat generation region, the
insulation support body having space parts for receiving the positive temperature coefficient elements; and

a 2-1-th electrode supplying power to the positive temperature coefficient elements;
a second support part including the second heat generation region corresponding to the first heat generation region of the
first support part and a second air flowing region corresponding to the first air flowing region of the first support part
and adjacent the second heat generation region, the second air flowing region having a plurality of second holes, the second
support part cooperating with the first support part to support opposing sides of the heat generating part;

a housing supporting and fixed to one end portion of the first support part and one end portion of the heat generating part;
a 2-1-th insulating layer formed on one surface of the heat generating part and contacting the first support part; and
a 2-2-th insulating layer formed on an other surface of the heat generating part and contacting the second support part.

US Pat. No. 10,143,115

DEVICE FOR RADIATING HEAT OF CAPACITOR OF AN INVERTER IN AN ELECTRIC COMPRESSOR

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. An apparatus for cooling an inverter of a vehicle comprising:an inverter housing receiving the inverter unit, the inverter housing including a capacitor, the inverter housing thermally connected to an electric compressor in an air conditioning system of the vehicle; and
a heat dissipation unit disposed in the inverter housing and formed from a same material as the inverter housing, the heat dissipation unit contacting an outer surface of the capacitor and providing heat transfer communication between the capacitor and the inverter housing.

US Pat. No. 9,944,152

BATTERY COOLING SYSTEM FOR A VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A battery cooling system for a vehicle to warm up or cool down a battery installed in the vehicle by selectively using a refrigerant and a coolant according to a cooling mode, a heating mode, a heating/dehumidification mode, and a non-operation mode of a heat pump system of the vehicle, the battery cooling system comprising:a heat exchanger for the battery, connected with a refrigerant line of the heat pump system through first and second connection lines, connected with a cooling line of a cooling system for an electric device through a battery cooling line, and configured to selectively perform heat-exchange between the coolant and the refrigerant introduced into the heat exchanger;
two first valves respectively disposed in the battery cooling line with the heat exchanger disposed therebetween, and selectively connecting the cooling line and the battery cooling line;
a first branch line connected with the refrigerant line through a second valve provided on the first connection line; and
a second branch line selectively connecting the refrigerant line and the second connection line through a third valve provided in the second connection line and a fourth valve provided in the refrigerant line,
wherein the heat pump system comprises:
a heating, ventilation, and air condition (HVAC) module connected through the refrigerant line, and provided with a door that controls selective introduction of external air passed through an evaporator to an internal condenser and a heater according to a cooling mode, a heating mode, and a heating/dehumidification mode of the vehicle;
a compressor connected through the refrigerant line between the evaporator and the internal condenser;
an accumulator provided in the refrigerant line between the compressor and the evaporator;
an external condenser connected with the internal condenser through the refrigerant line and disposed in a front portion of the vehicle;
a first expansion valve provided in the refrigerant line that connects the external condenser and the evaporator;
a third branch line connected with the refrigerant line between the evaporator and the accumulator through a fifth valve provided between the external condenser and the first expansion valve; and
a dehumidification line of which a first end is connected with the refrigerant line between the internal condenser and the external condenser and a second end is connected between the evaporator and the expansion valve, and including a sixth valve.

US Pat. No. 9,822,779

VANE ROTARY COMPRESSOR

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. A vane rotary compressor comprising:
a hollow cylinder;
a rotor rotatingly disposed in the cylinder;
a vane including a first end hingedly coupled to an outer peripheral surface of the rotor and a weight part formed at a second
end of the vane, the weight part configured to position a center of gravity of the vane proximate the weight part, the weight
part having an insertion groove with a predetermined depth, the vane biasing towards an inner surface of the cylinder; and

a counter weight disposed in the insertion groove of the weight part for increasing a weight of the weight part.

US Pat. No. 9,556,993

BLOCK FITTING FOR METAL SEAL STRUCTURES

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. A block fitting for an air conditioning system comprising:
a male block portion having a first annular pilot surrounding a first aperture of the male block portion, the first annular
pilot including an axially extending lip formed at an end thereof, wherein the male block portion has an upper edge and a
lower edge connected by a side surface, the first aperture of the male block portion disposed adjacent the upper edge of the
male block portion;

a female block portion having a first annular collar surrounding a first aperture of the female block portion and receiving
the first annular pilot of the male block portion, the first aperture of the male block portion and the first aperture of
the female block portion substantially concentrically aligned, wherein the female block portion has an upper edge and a lower
edge that are connected by a side surface, the first aperture of the female block portion is disposed adjacent the upper edge
of the female block portion;

a first seal structure disposed between the first annular pilot of the male block portion and the first annular collar of
the female block portion; and

a fastener engaging the male block portion with the female block portion to form a substantially fluid tight seal with the
first seal structure, the first aperture of the male block portion disposed intermediate the upper edge of the male block
portion and the fastener, and the first aperture of the female block portion disposed intermediate the upper edge of the female
block portion and the fastener;

wherein one of the of the male block portion and the female block portion has a stabilizing heel formed adjacent and along
the side surface thereof, wherein the stabilizing heel is disposed along an entirety of the side surface from the upper edge
to the lower edge of the male block portion, the stabilizing heel militating against transverse dynamic loading of the seal
structure in operation.

US Pat. No. 9,556,824

INTEGRATION OF FORCED EGR/EGR-PUMP INTO EGR-COOLER

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. A device for the recycling of an exhaust gas of an internal combustion engine in a motor vehicle, comprising:
an exhaust gas heat exchanger having a first housing element with a first inlet, a first outlet, a second inlet, and a second
outlet; and

a compressor having a second housing element with a compressor inlet and a compressor outlet, the first housing element of
the exhaust gas heat exchanger and the second housing element of the compressor produced as a unitary housing, the exhaust
gas heat exchanger and the compressor arranged inside the unitary housing,

wherein the exhaust gas heat exchanger further comprises conduits allowing heat exchange between the exhaust gas passing through
the conduits and a coolant passing over the conduits, at least a part of the conduits extending from the first inlet of the
exhaust gas heat exchanger to the compressor inlet, wherein the exhaust gas discharged from the conduits is directly conducted
into the compressor.

US Pat. No. 9,534,529

EXHAUST GAS HEAT EXCHANGER WITH AN OSCILLATION ATTENUATED BUNDLE OF EXCHANGER TUBES

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

18. A heat exchanger for the exhaust gas system of a motor vehicle comprising:
a closed housing;
a bundle of separately formed exhaust gas carrying exchanger tubes disposed in the housing, wherein a coolant flows through
the housing and around an outer surface of the exchanger tubes, wherein each of the exchanger tubes is substantially U-shaped
and includes a first straight portion, a second straight portion, and a bend region connecting the first straight portion
to the second straight portion; and

a stiffening element abutting the bend region of each of a first plurality of the exchanger tubes to mechanically interconnect
the first plurality of the exchanger tubes; and

a grid sheet including a plurality of linearly extending slots, each of the linearly extending slots receiving the bend region
of each of a second plurality of the exchanger tubes to mechanically interconnect the second plurality of the exchanger tubes.

US Pat. No. 9,505,445

CARRIER FOR MOTOR VEHICLE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

8. A carrier for a vehicle, comprising:
a front panel including an upper horizontal support part and a lower horizontal support part, a left vertical support part,
and a right vertical support part connecting the upper and lower horizontal support parts to each other to thereby be provided
with a cooling module mounting part and have a quadrangular shape;

a first support panel disposed at the left of the front panel and a second support panel disposed at the right of the front
panel in order to mount head lamps; and

a bumper beam having a first end coupled to the left vertical support part and a second end coupled to the right vertical
support part,

wherein the first support panel is coupled and fixed to the first end of the bumper beam and the second support panel is coupled
and fixed to the second end of the bumper beam,

wherein the carrier further comprises a first bumper beam bracket configured to couple the first end of the bumper beam to
the left vertical support part and a second bumper beam bracket configured to couple the second end of the bumper beam to
the right vertical support part, respectively,

wherein each of the first bumper beam bracket and the second bumper beam bracket includes: a bumper beam plate formed in a
width direction of the vehicle and having an inner side in the width direction of the vehicle, the inner side fixed to one
of the left vertical support part and the right vertical support part; and a bumper beam stay extended from a vehicle front
surface of the bumper beam plate toward the front of the vehicle,

wherein the bumper beam is fixed to the bumper beam stay, and
wherein one of the first support panel and the second support panel is coupled and fixed to an outer side surface of the bumper
beam stay in the width direction of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,475,362

HEATING VENTILATING AND AIR CONDITIONING DEVICE FOR A VEHICLE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-S...

1. A heating ventilating and air conditioning device for a vehicle comprising:
an inlet casing;
an air distribution casing in fluid communication with the inlet casing;
a blower disposed in a blower casing and in fluid communication with the air distribution casing, the blower drawing air through
the inlet casing and into the air distribution casing;

an evaporator disposed within the air distribution casing beneath the blower; and
a drainage system disposed below the evaporator for draining a liquid condensed from air at a surface of the evaporator,
wherein the liquid in the air flowing through the inlet casing accumulates in a lower portion of the inlet casing, and
wherein the liquid condensed from the air at the surface of the evaporator drains from the inlet casing, through a hydraulic
connection disposed between the lower portion of the inlet casing and the drainage system, past the blower casing and evaporator,
and into the drainage system, so the liquid in the air flowing through the inlet casing and the liquid condensed from the
air at the surface of the evaporator join and flow through the hydraulic connection.

US Pat. No. 9,383,042

TANK AND SPOUT INTERFACE FOR HEAT EXCHANGER AND ITS MANUFACTURING

Hanon Systems, Daejeon-s...

1. A tank and spout interface of a radiator of a motor vehicle, comprising:
a tank part having an inner surface, an outer surface, a bottom portion, a first end, a second end, a first outer margin,
and a second outer margin;

a connection sleeve having a central axis, the connection sleeve disposed on the tank part and extending outwardly from the
tank part, the connection sleeve having an inner surface integrally formed with an inner surface of the first outer margin
of the tank part and an outer surface integrally formed with the outer surface of the tank part;

a first entry riser and a second entry riser disposed on opposing sides of the inner surface of the connection sleeve adjacent
the first outer margin of the tank part;

a first wall riser and a second wall riser disposed on the inner surface of the first outer margin of the tank part, the first
wall riser integrally formed with the first entry riser and the second wall riser integrally formed with the second entry
riser, the first wall riser and the second wall riser protruding from the inner surface of the tank part and extending towards
the bottom portion;

a first end riser and a second end riser disposed on the second outer margin of the tank part and a partition disposed intermediate
the first end riser and the second end riser, wherein the first entry riser and the second entry riser respectively protrude
inwardly in a radial direction of the connection sleeve for narrowing a flow passage of the connection sleeve, and wherein
the partition is aligned with the central axis of the connection sleeve and protrudes from the second outer margin beyond
the first end riser and the second end riser; and

at least three guide risers equidistantly spaced apart from each other and disposed on the first outer margin intermediate
the second wall riser and the second end of the tank part, wherein each of the guide risers has a height in a longitudinal
direction thereof, the height of each of the guide risers decreasing with an increasing distance from the second wall riser;
wherein the longitudinal direction of each of the guide risers is arranged perpendicular to the central axis of the connection
sleeve, the central axis of the connection sleeve arranged substantially perpendicular to the first outer margin and the second
outer margin and the connection sleeve located at a position on the tank part substantially opposite the bottom portion of
the tank part.

US Pat. No. 9,358,857

INFRARED SENSOR ASSEMBLY FOR MEASURING TEMPERATURE INSIDE VEHICLE

Hanon Systems, Daejeon-s...

1. An infrared sensor assembly for measuring a temperature in a vehicle, the sensor assembly comprising:
a support means configured for installation in a garnish of one side of a vehicle; and
a commonness means configured for installation in the support means to control an installation angle of an infrared sensor
for measuring a temperature in the vehicle, wherein the commonness means comprises a main PCB and a warpage prevention bracket
at least partially surrounding the infrared sensor, the warpage prevention bracket inlinedly attached to the main PCB, and
wherein the infrared sensor is inclinedly oriented with respect to the main PCB.

US Pat. No. 9,834,063

HEAT PUMP SYSTEM FOR VEHICLE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. A heat pump system for a vehicle comprising:
a compressor disposed in a refrigerant circulation line for compressing and discharging a refrigerant;
an internal heat exchanger disposed inside an air-conditioning case exchanging heat between air inside the air-conditioning
case and the refrigerant discharged from the compressor;

an evaporator disposed inside the air-conditioning case exchanging heat between the air inside the air-conditioning case and
the refrigerant supplied to the compressor;

an external heat exchanger disposed outside the air-conditioning case exchanging heat between the refrigerant circulating
through the refrigerant circulation line and outdoor air;

a first expansion means disposed in the refrigerant circulation line between the internal heat exchanger and the external
heat exchanger, the first expansion means configured to selectively expand the refrigerant;

a second expansion means disposed in the refrigerant circulation line on an inlet side of the evaporator;
a first bypass line connecting the refrigerant circulation line at an inlet side of the second expansion means and the refrigerant
circulation line at an outlet side of the evaporator to selectively permit the refrigerant circulating through the refrigerant
circulation line to bypass the second expansion means and the evaporator;

a second bypass line connecting the refrigerant circulation line at an inlet side of the external heat exchanger and an outlet
side of the external heat exchanger to selectively permit the refrigerant circulating through the refrigerant circulation
line to bypass the external heat exchanger; and

a controller configured to receive information pertaining to a temperature of the outdoor air and determine when the vehicle
enters into an idle state, wherein the controller causes the refrigerant circulating through the refrigerant circulation line
to bypass the external heat exchanger and flow through the second bypass line without the controller determining whether or
not there is frost formation on the external heat exchanger when the temperature of the outdoor air is lower than a setting
temperature, the heat pump system for the vehicle is in a heat pump mode, and the vehicle is in the idle state.

US Pat. No. 9,746,245

HEAT EXCHANGER EQUIPPED WITH COLD RESERVING PART AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. A heat exchanger comprising:
a first header tank having an inlet and outlet forming member coupled thereto, the inlet and outlet forming member of the
first header tank configured to introduce a heat exchange medium to and discharge the heat exchange medium from the first
header tank;

a second header tank spaced from and in parallel with the first header tank;
a plurality of barrier ribs disposed in each of the first header tank and the second header tank, the plurality of barrier
ribs partitioning each of the first header tank and the second header tank into a first compartment, a second compartment,
and a third compartment;

a first column of tubes extending between the first compartment of the first header tank and the first compartment of the
second header tank;

a second column of tubes extending between the second compartment of the first header tank and the second compartment of the
second header tank;

a third column of tubes extending between the third compartment of the first header tank and the third compartment of the
second header tank, one of the first column of tubes, the second column of tubes, and the third column of tubes configured
to receive a cold reserving material therein; and

a cold reserving material charging part coupled to the first header tank and in fluid communication with the one of the first
column of tubes, the second column of tubes, and the third column of tubes configured to receive the cold reserving material
therein, wherein the second column of tubes is intermediate the first column of tubes and the third column of tubes, the first
column of tubes and the third column of tubes configured to receive the heat exchange medium therein, the second column of
tubes configured to receive the cold reserving material therein, wherein a communication part is disposed in the second compartment
of each of the first header tank and the second header tank, the communication part providing fluid communication between
the first compartment and the third compartment of each of the first header tank and the second header tank.

US Pat. No. 9,702,607

AIR-CONDITIONER SYSTEM FOR VEHICLE AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING SAME

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. An air-conditioner system for a vehicle which comprises: a variable capacity compressor; a condenser for condensing refrigerant
discharged from the compressor; an electronic expansion valve which expands the refrigerant discharged from the condenser
and is controlled in the degree of opening by a control signal of a controller; and an evaporator for evaporating the refrigerant
discharged at the electronic expansion valve and which is controlled to a target superheat degree by a control of the degree
of opening of the electronic expansion valve;
wherein the controller is configured to change the target superheat degree depending on a variation in an amount of refrigerant
discharged from the compressor and control the electronic expansion valve based on the changed target superheat degree;

wherein the compressor operates in a variable area to vary the amount of refrigerant discharged and the controller restrains
a change in the superheat degree by decreasing the target superheat degree in response to a decrease in the amount of refrigerant
discharged from the compressor operating in the variable area;

wherein when an amount of refrigerant discharged from the compressor is below a first set value (A), the controller controls
the degree of opening of the electronic expansion valve based on a first target superheat degree which is lower than the target
superheat degree; and wherein when the amount of refrigerant discharged from the compressor is below a second set value (B),
the controller controls the degree of opening of the electronic expansion valve based on a second target superheat degree
which is lower than the first target superheat degree; and

wherein the controller controls the electronic expansion valve in multiple stages by dropping the target superheat degree
by stages as the amount of refrigerant discharged from the compressor decreases.

US Pat. No. 9,618,219

AIR INTAKE—DRAINAGE FEATURES

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. An air intake of an air conditioning system of a motor vehicle comprising:
an intake housing having a fresh air opening and a recirculating air opening formed therein, the recirculating air opening
aligning with and formed beneath the fresh air opening with respect to a vertical direction of the air conditioning system,
each of the fresh air opening and the recirculating air opening configured for receiving air to be brought into the air conditioning
system therethrough;

a filter housing in fluid communication with and disposed downstream from the intake housing with respect to a direction of
a flow of the air through the air conditioning system, the filter housing configured to receive an air filter;

a fan housing in fluid communication with and disposed downstream from the filter housing with respect to the direction of
the flow of the air through the air conditioning system, the fan housing having a fan configured to convey the air through
the intake housing and the filter housing;

a separation area formed intermediate the fresh air opening and the recirculating air opening and having a drainage component
disposed therein, the drainage component receiving a fluid from the fresh air opening and directing the fluid past the recirculating
air opening; and

a receiving area formed on an underside of the intake housing and an underside of the filter housing, the receiving area disposed
beneath the recirculating air opening with respect to a vertical direction of the air conditioning system, wherein the filter
housing includes a closing element disposed thereon, the closing element selectively opening and closing the filter housing
for inserting and removing the air filter with respect to the filter housing, and wherein the receiving area is integral with
the closing element.

US Pat. No. 9,618,007

BLOWER ASSEMBLY

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. A blower assembly comprising:
a housing including a fluid inlet and a spaced apart fluid outlet;
a blower wheel disposed in the housing, the blower wheel including an inlet ring and plurality of spaced apart blades, a peripheral
surface of the inlet ring enclosed by the fluid inlet; and

a pre-swirler disposed in the fluid inlet of the housing, the pre-swirler including a plurality of vanes, each of the vanes
having a leading edge, a trailing edge, and an outer edge extending between the leading edge and the trailing edge, wherein
a blade exposure distance is less than about 10 mm and a blower wheel overlap distance is greater than about 5.5 mm, wherein
the blade exposure distance is a distance between a junction point of the trailing edge with the outer edge of each of the
vanes of the pre-swirler and an end of a trailing edge of at least one of the blades of the blower wheel, and wherein the
blower wheel overlap distance is a distance between the junction point of the trailing edge with the outer edge of each of
the vanes of the pre-swirler and the peripheral surface of the inlet ring of the blower wheel, wherein the blade exposure
distance is a vertical distance extending parallel to a rotation axis of the blower wheel and the blower wheel overlap distance
is a vertical distance extending parallel to the rotation axis of the blower wheel, wherein the pre-swirler includes a central
hub, an outer ring, and an inner ring disposed between the central hub and the outer ring, wherein the vanes extend from the
central hub to the outer ring through the inner ring, wherein the junction point is positioned between the inner ring and
the outer ring, and wherein the junction point is disposed inside the blower wheel.

US Pat. No. 9,963,017

AIR CONDITIONER FOR VEHICLE WITH PHOTOCATALYTIC MODULE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. An air conditioner for a vehicle with a photocatalytic module which includes: an air-conditioning case having an air inflow port formed at an entrance side, air outflow ports formed at an exit side and an air passageway formed inside the air-conditioning case; an evaporator mounted in the air passageway of the air-conditioning case; and an air blower for blowing inside air of the air-conditioning case, the air conditioner comprising:a photocatalytic module disposed at one side of the air-conditioning case,
wherein the photocatalytic module comprises:
a catalyst part which causes photocatalytic reaction by irradiated light to generate radicals; and
at least one light source part for irradiating UV light toward the catalyst part;
wherein the photocatalytic module comprises a module case which is opened at one side and is closed at the other side to form an inner space part and surrounds the light source part and the catalyst part to embed the light source part and the catalyst part therein so that the light source part is connected to the inner space part of the module case and the catalyst part is connected to the opening part of the module case, thereby the module case is mounted to communicate with inside the air-conditioning case in such a way that the catalyst part gets in contact with the air passageway.

US Pat. No. 9,656,535

METHOD FOR OPERATING AN AIR CONDITIONER FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. A method of operating an air conditioner for treating air of a passenger compartment of a motor vehicle, the method comprising
the steps of:
providing the air conditioner, wherein the air conditioner includes a refrigerant circuit configured for a combined cooling
unit mode and heat-pump mode and for a post-heating mode, and wherein the air conditioner has a first heat source and a second
heat source when in the heat-pump mode;

determining a temperature of the first heat source;
determining a temperature of the second heat source;
determining a regulation characteristic number, wherein the regulation characteristic number is determined from a deviation
of a target status of the air to be fed into the passenger compartment from a de facto status of the air to be fed into the
passenger compartment;

determining a maximum pressure within the refrigerant circuit; and
changing a mode of operation of the air conditioner based on the determination of at least one of the temperature of the first
heat source, the temperature of the second heat source, the regulation characteristic number, and the maximum pressure within
the refrigerant circuit,

wherein the air conditioner operating in the heat-pump mode is configured to be operable in at least one of a first heat-pump
mode and a second heat-pump mode, wherein in the first heat-pump mode at least the first heat source is used and in the second
heat-pump mode at least the second heat source is used, wherein a method for changing between the first heat-pump mode and
the second heat-pump mode comprises the steps of:

operating the air conditioner in the first heat-pump mode;
comparing the temperature of the first heat source with a first limit value;
wherein:
1) if the temperature of the first heat source reaches or exceeds the first limit value, a determination is made whether a
maximum heating performance setting on an operating device of the air condition is activated, wherein:

i) if the maximum heating performance setting is not activated, operation in the first heat-pump mode is maintained;
ii) if the maximum heating performance setting is activated, the temperature of the second heat source is compared with a
second limit value, wherein:

 a) upon the temperature of the second heat source reaching or exceeding the second limit value, operation in the first heat-pump
mode is maintained;

 b) if the temperature of the second heat source falls short of the second limit value, operation is changed to the second
heat-pump mode;

2) if the temperature of the first heat source falls short of the first limit value, the temperature of the second heat source
is compared with a sixth limit value, wherein:

i) if the temperature of the second heat source reaches or falls short of the sixth limit value, operation in the first heat-pump
mode is maintained;

ii) if the temperature of the second heat source exceeds the sixth limit value, the temperature of the second heat source
is compared with the second limit value, wherein:

 a) if the temperature of the second heat source reaches or exceeds the second limit value, operation is maintained in the
first heat-pump mode;

 b) if the second limit value is fallen short of, the operation changes to the second heat-pump mode.

US Pat. No. 9,541,206

SHEET METAL EXHAUST BYPASS VALVE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. A bypass valve for exhaust gas flows from a motor vehicle, comprising:
a valve housing having an upper valve housing half and a lower valve housing half separately formed from each other, the upper
valve housing half and the lower valve housing half cooperating to define at least two fluid outlet ports and an exhaust gas
port configured for fluid intake, each of the at least two fluid outlet ports including an adapter and sealing ring element,
wherein each of the upper valve housing half and the lower valve housing half is formed from sheet metal, each of the lower
valve housing half and the upper valve housing half having three bent portions, each of the three bent portions of the lower
valve housing half contacting one of the three bent portions of the upper valve housing half;

an actuating mechanism at least partially received in the valve housing; and
a valve flap operated by the actuating mechanism and alternately sealing the at least two fluid outlet ports, wherein a first
one of the three bent portions of each of the lower valve housing half and the upper valve housing half is positioned intermediate
and arcuately extends between the exhaust gas port and a first one of the at least two fluid outlet ports, a second one of
the three bents portions of each of the lower valve housing half and the upper valve housing half is positioned intermediate
and arcuately extends between the exhaust gas port and a second one of the at least two fluid outlet ports, and a third one
of the three bent portions of each of the lower valve housing half and the upper valve housing half is at least partially
enveloping the actuating mechanism and arcuately extending about the actuating mechanism between the first one of the at least
two fluid outlet ports and the second one of the at least two fluid outlet ports, wherein the actuating mechanism includes
a spindle having a first end and a second end, an actuating lever mounted on the first end of the spindle, a flap bracket
mounted on the second end of the spindle and coupled to the valve flap, and a spindle seal sealing between the spindle and
the upper valve housing.

US Pat. No. 9,945,380

REFRIGERANT SCROLL COMPRESSOR FOR MOTOR VEHICLE AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM INCLUDING AT LEAST ONE SEALING MEANS FOR BOTTOM SURFACE SEALING OF ORBITING SCROLL

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-S...

1. A scroll compressor for a motor vehicle air conditioning system comprising:a stationary housing including an outer surface;
a fixed scroll overlying and having engaging contact with the stationary housing;
an orbiting scroll engaging the fixed scroll and including an outer surface defining an annularly extending groove formed therein, wherein the fixed scroll and the orbiting scroll cooperate to compress a refrigerant gas;
an intermediate pressure chamber disposed adjacent the orbiting scroll;
at least one sealing means to seal the orbiting scroll including an annularly extending gasket and an annularly extending O-ring overlying the annularly extending gasket and having engaging contact therewith, the at least one sealing means extending from the outer surface of the stationary housing to the orbiting scroll wherein the annularly extending gasket is positioned adjacent the stationary housing and has engaging contact therewith and an entirety of the annularly extending O-ring is disposed in the annularly extending groove of the orbiting scroll; and
at least one intermediate pressure duct formed in the orbiting scroll, the intermediate pressure duct being in fluid communication with the intermediate pressure chamber.

US Pat. No. 9,920,686

WATER-COOLED CHARGE AIR COOLER WITH INTEGRATED MULTI-STAGE COOLING

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

20. A charge air cooling system comprising:
a first coolant circuit conveying a first coolant therethrough;
a second coolant circuit conveying a second coolant therethrough; and
a charge air cooler in fluid communication with the first coolant circuit and the second coolant circuit, the charge air cooler
including a heat exchange assembly, the heat exchange assembly including a plurality of stacked plate assemblies and a plurality
of fins interposed between the plate assemblies, each of the plate assemblies include a unitary first plate and a unitary
second plate, the first plate and the second plate each having a channel forming surface and at least one assembly feature
formed on the channel forming surface, the channel forming surface of the first plate cooperating with the channel forming
surface of the second plate to form a first flow channel for receiving the first coolant and a second flow channel for receiving
the second coolant, wherein an inlet tank is coupled to a first end of the heat exchange assembly and an outlet tank is coupled
to a second end of the heat exchange assembly, the first flow channel formed in a portion of each of the plate assemblies
adjacent the inlet tank and the second flow channel formed in a portion of each of the plate assemblies adjacent the outlet
tank, wherein the at least one assembly feature of each of the first plate and the second plate is configured to facilitate
attachment of the first plate to the second plate, and wherein the at least one assembly feature of each of the first plate
and the second plate provides rigidity to a respective one of the plate assemblies in the plurality of stacked plate assemblies.

US Pat. No. 9,970,856

VEHICULAR DUST SENSOR

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A vehicular dust sensor comprising:a case having an inner space;
a light source module disposed in the inner space of the case, and irradiating an air passage with light, the air passage being provided in the light source module for introduction and pass of air and dust;
a condensing lens to collect light, emitted from the light source module and scattered by dust in air in the air passage;
a light receiving module receiving the scattered light collected by the condensing lens to output an electric signal corresponding to a dust concentration; and
an inner housing disposed in the inner space of the case to form the air passage,
external light blockages which block introduction of external light while passing the air and the dust therethrough, and are disposed to both end openings of the air passage as entry ports for the air and the dust,
wherein each of the external light blockages comprises:
a tubular body inserted into and disposed to each of the both end openings of the air passage such that an outer surface of the tubular body comes into contact with an inner surface of the air passage; and
shield walls fixedly disposed on an inner surface of the tubular body to form a passage for introduction of the dust and the air while blocking the external light, and
wherein the shield walls are fixedly disposed in opposite sides on the inner surface of the tubular body to form the passage for introduction of the dust and the air in a zigzag form while blocking the external light, and are disposed at intervals in a longitudinal direction of the air passage to form a cross structure.

US Pat. No. 9,638,470

COMPACT LOW PRESSURE DROP HEAT EXCHANGER

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

15. A heat exchanger of a vehicle comprising:
a supply manifold configured to receive a transmission fluid flowing from a transmission of the vehicle;
a first cooling unit in fluid communication with the supply manifold and configured to provide heat exchange communication
between the transmission fluid and air;

a second cooling unit in fluid communication with the supply manifold and configured to provide heat exchange communication
between the transmission fluid and the air, the supply manifold is disposed intermediate the first cooling unit and the second
cooling unit;

a first return manifold disposed downstream of and in fluid communication with the first cooling unit and configured to receive
and discharge the transmission fluid from the first cooling unit; and

a second return manifold disposed downstream of and in fluid communication with the second cooling unit and configured to
receive and discharge the transmission fluid from the second cooling unit, and

a bypass passage disposed intermediate and in fluid communication with the supply manifold and the first return manifold and
bypassing the first cooling unit, a first discharge passage in fluid communication with and disposed downstream from the first
return manifold, and a second discharge passage in fluid communication with and disposed downstream from the second return
manifold.

US Pat. No. 10,092,985

HEAT EXCHANGER WITH MECHANICALLY OFFSET TUBES AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. A tube for use in a heat exchanger, the tube comprising:a main body having a longitudinal axis and a first end and a second end, at least one port formed through the main body from the first end to the second end for conveying a fluid therethrough, the at least one port formed in the main body divided into a plurality of longitudinally extending segments and a plurality of transition segments interconnecting the longitudinally extending segments;
wherein each of the longitudinally extending segments of the at least one port is offset laterally from an adjacent one of the longitudinally extending segments, and wherein each of the transition segments of the at least one port extends substantially orthogonally relative to the longitudinal axis of the main body.

US Pat. No. 9,683,671

VALVE BLOCK ASSEMBLY FOR SEVERAL VALVES

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. A valve block assembly comprising:
a valve block including a flow path element and a limiting element disposed on the flow path element;
a plurality of fluid connections formed in the flow path element;
a plurality of refrigerant connections formed in the flow path element;
a plurality of flow paths formed in the flow path element;
a plurality of adjustment units disposed on the limiting element, wherein the limiting element is disposed between the plurality
of adjustment units and the flow path element as a separate plate for sealing, wherein each of the plurality of adjustment
units align with one of the plurality of flow paths, and wherein the plurality of adjustment units is disposed on opposing
sides of the plurality refrigerant connections; and

a plurality of drive units disposed on the limiting element and in kinematic communication with the plurality of adjustment
units.

US Pat. No. 9,855,821

HEAT PUMP SYSTEM FOR VEHICLE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. A heat pump system for a vehicle in which an interior heat exchanger and an evaporator mounted inside an air-conditioning
case and a compressor and an exterior heat exchanger mounted outside the air-conditioning case are connected to a refrigerant
circulation line and in which refrigerant circulates the compressor, the interior heat exchanger, the exterior heat exchanger
and the evaporator in order, wherein the heat pump system comprises:
a bypass line which is mounted in a specific zone of the refrigerant circulation line, such that the refrigerant circulating
along the refrigerant circulation line selectively bypasses the evaporator; and

a first complex valve device including a three-way valve, an on-off valve and connection blocks, wherein the three-way valve,
on-off valve, and connection blocks are formed integrally with one another, wherein the three-way valve is connected to the
refrigerant circulation line of an inlet of the exterior heat exchanger such that the refrigerant selectively bypasses the
exterior heat exchanger, the on-off valve is connected to an inlet of the bypass line to open and close the bypass line, and
the connection blocks connect the three-way valve and the on-off valve with the refrigerant circulation line of an outlet
of the exterior heat exchanger to communicate with each other.

US Pat. No. 9,821,770

WINDOWPANE DEFOGGING DEVICE FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE AND WINDOWPANE DEFOGGING METHOD USING THE SAME

Hanon Systems, Daedeok-g...

1. A windowpane defogging device for a motor vehicle which, upon generation of a fog on a windowpane, comes into a defogging
mode to remove the fog generated on the windowpane, comprising:
a relative humidity detecting unit configured to detect a windowpane relative humidity of a driver seat view field region
of the windowpane and a windowpane relative humidity of a passenger seat view field region of the windowpane, the driver seat
view field region comprising a left portion of the windowpane before a driver seat, the passenger seat view field region comprising
a right portion of the windowpane before a front passenger seat;

a driver seat occupancy sensor and a front passenger seat occupancy sensor to detect occupancy or non-occupancy of the driver
seat and the front passenger seat, respectively; and

a control unit configured to enter the defogging mode when at least one of the windowpane relative humidity of the driver
seat view field region and the windowpane relative humidity of the passenger seat view field region inputted from the relative
humidity detecting unit is greater than a predetermined reference humidity; and

wherein the control unit, in the defogging mode, causes an air condition system to discharge a cold air toward the windowpane;
wherein the relative humidity detecting unit further comprises:
a first temperature sensing unit configured to sense a windowpane temperature of the driver seat view field region;
a second temperature sensing unit configured to sense a windowpane temperature of the passenger seat view field region;
a humidity sensing unit configured to sense a humidity of the windowpane; and
a microcomputer configured to calculate the windowpane relative humidity of the driver seat view field region and the windowpane
relative humidity of the passenger seat view field region by processing the windowpane temperature of the driver seat view
field region, the windowpane temperature of the passenger seat view field region and the humidity of the windowpane using
a calculation program stored in advance;

wherein each of the first temperature sensing unit and the second temperature sensing unit has a non-contact-type structure;
wherein the first temperature sensing unit comprises a thermopile infrared ray sensor installed in a position spaced apart
from the windowpane and configured to detect a windowpane temperature distribution of the driver seat view field region by
picking up an image of a windowpane portion corresponding to the driver seat view field region and an infrared ray temperature
analyzing program configured to extract a lowest temperature of the driver seat view field region from the windowpane temperature
distribution of the driver seat view field region;

wherein the second temperature sensing unit comprises a thermopile infrared ray sensor installed in a position spaced apart
from the windowpane and configured to detect a windowpane temperature distribution of the passenger seat view field region
by picking up an image of a windowpane portion corresponding to the passenger seat view field region and an infrared ray temperature
analyzing program configured to extract a lowest temperature of the passenger seat view field region from the windowpane temperature
distribution of the passenger seat view field region;

wherein the microcomputer is configured to calculate the windowpane relative humidity of the driver seat view field region
and the windowpane relative humidity of the passenger seat view field region based on the lowest temperature of the driver
seat view field region and the lowest temperature of the passenger seat view field region; and wherein, when only one of the
driver seat and the front passenger seat is detected as taken by a user, the control unit is configured to determine the generation
or non-generation of the fog on the windowpane based on only the windowpane relative humidity of the driver seat view field
region or the passenger seat view field region corresponding to the driver seat or the front passenger seat taken by the user,
while excluding the windowpane relative humidity of the driver seat view field region or the passenger seat view field region
corresponding to the driver seat or the front passenger seat not taken by the user.

US Pat. No. 9,777,878

CONNECTOR

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. A connector comprising:
a substantially planar plate including a first opening for receiving a first conduit, a second opening for receiving a second
conduit, and a third opening for receiving a fastening member, a longitudinal axis of the plate extending through a center
of the first opening and a center of the third opening, the second opening including a recessed portion and a slot portion,
wherein a center of the recessed portion is laterally offset from the longitudinal axis of the plate in a direction towards
the slot portion, wherein a shoulder is formed between the recessed portion and the slot portion, the shoulder having an inside
corner and an outside corner wherein an edge of the outside corner is configured to protrude into the second conduit to prevent
both a lateral movement and a rotational movement of the second conduit within the recessed portion to prevent a disengagement
of the second conduit from the connector.

US Pat. No. 9,647,251

DEVICE FOR COOLING BATTERIES

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. A device for cooling a battery of a motor vehicle, comprising:
a cooling plate having a top surface contacting an entire bottom surface of the battery;
a plurality of flexible cooling hoses contacting a bottom surface of the cooling plate; and
a plurality of leveling-out elements supporting the flexible cooling hoses, wherein each of the flexible cooling hoses is
provided between the cooling plate and a respective one of the leveling-out elements wherein the flexible cooling hoses thermally
abut the cooling plate under mechanical stress produced by the leveling-out elements,

wherein the leveling-out elements are at least one of a hydraulically acting element, a gel cushion, a water bed, and a polymer
material with resilient properties.

US Pat. No. 9,823,027

COOLING MODULE AND METHOD OF ASSEMBLY

HANON SYSTEMS, (KR)

9. A coupling device for a cooling module comprising:
a first opening formed between a first wall and a second wall, the first wall facing the second wall; and
a second opening formed between the second wall and a third wall, the second wall facing the third wall, wherein the first
opening is configured to receive a first bracket of the cooling module in a first direction, and the second opening is configured
to receive a second bracket of the cooling module in a second direction, wherein the first direction is transverse to the
second direction.

US Pat. No. 9,825,615

METHOD FOR OPERATING AN INVERTER OF AN ELECTRICAL REFRIGERANT COMPRESSOR MAKING USE OF DC LINK ELECTROLYTE CAPACITORS

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. A method for operating an inverter of an electrical refrigerant compressor comprising the steps of:
providing the inverter and at least one intermediate circuit having at least one electrolytic capacitor configured for electrical
communication with a voltage supply of the inverter, the inverter responsive to each of a plurality of switching patterns
to provide a ripple current across the at least one electrolytic capacitor;

detecting a temperature of the at least one electrolytic capacitor;
selecting at least one of the plurality of switching patterns based on the temperature of the at least one electrolytic capacitor;
generating the ripple current across the at least one electrolytic capacitor by operating the inverter from the at least one
of the plurality of switching patterns for preheating of the at least one electrolytic capacitor; and

selecting a duration of the at least one of the plurality of switching patterns, wherein selecting the duration of the at
least one of the plurality of switching patterns includes the step of selecting the duration from an impedance of the at least
one electrolytic capacitor and a capacitor parameter.

US Pat. No. 9,765,764

HINGE MECHANISM FOR A VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT COMPRESSOR

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. A hinge assembly for coupling a rotor assembly to a swash plate assembly in a variable displacement compressor comprising:
a hub integrally formed with the swash plate assembly;
a pair of spaced part arms coupled to the hub and extending outwardly therefrom, each of the arms having an aperture, formed
in a distal end thereof, wherein each of the arms is received within an aperture formed in the hub and retained therein by
at least one locating pin;

a pair of support members extending from the rotor assembly, each of the pair of support members having a slot formed therein;
and
a hinge pin slideably received in the slot of each of the pair of support members and received in the aperture of each of
the arms to hingedly couple the arms to the pair of support members.

US Pat. No. 9,682,608

SUPPLEMENTAL HEATING AND COOLING SOURCES FOR A HEATING, VENTILATION AND AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

16. An HVAC system, comprising:
a primary HVAC unit disposed within a passenger compartment of a motor vehicle and configured for at least one of heating
and cooling a passenger compartment; and

a supplemental heat exchanger spaced apart from the primary HVAC unit and also disposed within the passenger compartment of
the motor vehicle, the supplemental heat exchanger configured to supplement at least one of the heating and the cooling of
the passenger compartment by the primary HVAC unit,

wherein the supplemental heat exchanger is positioned in one of an A-pillar and a B-pillar of the passenger compartment and
has an inlet in fluid communication with a refrigerant supply conduit through which refrigerant from an air conditioning refrigeration
system of the motor vehicle flows for the supplemental cooling of the passenger compartment.

US Pat. No. 10,172,247

HOUSING WITH ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. An enclosure for electronic components, the enclosure comprising:a base;
a capping engaging the base, the base and the capping forming a room for receiving at least one circuit board;
at least one circuit board support positioned on the base supporting the at least one circuit board; and
at least one fastening element attaching the at least one circuit board to the at least one circuit board support through an engagement with the at least one circuit board support, the at least one fastening element including an internal portion disposed within an opening of the at least one circuit board support and an external end disposed outside of the opening of the at least one circuit board support, wherein a space is present between the external end of the at least one fastening element and the capping, wherein a distance between the external end of the at least one fastening element and the capping as measured across the space in an axial direction of the at least one fastening element is smaller than a length of the internal portion of the at least one fastening element disposed within the opening of the at least one circuit board support in a manner wherein a detachment of the at least one fastening element from the at least one circuit board support is prevented.

US Pat. No. 10,018,422

COOLING MODULE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. A cooling module comprising:a first heat exchanger cooling a first heat exchange medium;
a second heat exchanger cooling a second heat exchange medium;
a third heat exchanger cooling a third heat exchange medium; and
a fan and shroud assembly arranged in parallel in an air flow direction, wherein a flow of the first heat exchange medium inside first tubes forming the first heat exchanger is perpendicular to a flow of the second heat exchange medium inside second tubes forming the second heat exchanger and parallel with a flow of the third heat exchange medium inside third tubes forming the third heat exchanger, wherein the second heat exchanger, further comprises an interval keeping structure which maintains a spaced distance from the first heat exchanger and a spaced distance from the third heat exchanger, and wherein the interval keeping structure is a viscous fluid applied to at least one of the second tubes in the second heat exchanger at a predetermined thickness.

US Pat. No. 10,005,354

COOLING MODULE AND COOLING SYSTEM FOR VEHICLE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. A cooling module comprising:a first radiator cooling an engine;
a second radiator disposed in front of the first radiator in an air flow direction, the second radiator cooling electric parts;
a first condenser located in front of the second radiator in the air flow direction to condense a refrigerant through heat exchange with external air; and
a second condenser disposed inside the second radiator to condense the refrigerant through heat exchange with electric part cooling water,
wherein the refrigerant condensed in the second condenser is heat-exchanged with the electric part cooling water, introduced into the first condenser through a connection pipe, heat-exchanged with the external air, and discharged from the first condenser,
wherein the first radiator further comprises:
a pair of first header tanks spaced apart in a width direction of a vehicle, each of the pair of first header tanks having a first header and a first tank;
a plurality of first tubes having ends fixed by the pair of first header tanks to form an engine cooling water passage; and
a plurality of first fins disposed between the plurality of first tubes,
wherein the second radiator further comprises:
a pair of second header tanks spaced apart in the width direction of the vehicle, each of the pair of second header tanks having a second header and a second tank;
an inlet formed on the pair of second header tanks to introduce the electric part cooling water into the pair of second header tanks;
an outlet formed on the pair of second header tanks to discharge the electric part cooling water from the pair of second header tanks;
a plurality of second tubes having ends fixed by the pair of second header tanks to form an electric part cooling water passage; and
a plurality of second fins disposed between the plurality of second tubes.
US Pat. No. 9,944,884

LUBRICATING COATING COMPOSITION AND COMPRESSOR INCLUDING THE SAME

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. A lubricating coating composition for a surface of an iron based or an aluminum based swash plate, the lubricating coating composition comprising a polyimide-based resin, a solid lubricant, a filler, a silane coupling agent, and a solvent,wherein based on a total weight of the composition the composition includes about 10 wt % to about 24 wt % of the polyimide-based resin, about 6 wt % to about 10 wt % of the solid lubricant, about 1 wt % to about 2.5 wt % of the filler, about 0.1 wt % to about 2.4 wt % of the coupling agent, and about 60 wt % to about 80 wt % of the solvent, wherein the polyimide-based resin is polyamide imide, the solid lubricant is polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), the filler is alumina (Al2O3), the coupling agent is Pt(0)-1,3-divinyl-1,1,3,3-tetramethyldisiloxane, the solvent comprises N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP), xylene, dimethylacetamide (DMAC), and methyl ethyl ketone (MEK), and the lubricating coating composition has a viscosity of about 30 cP to about 40 cP.

US Pat. No. 9,927,179

HEAT EXCHANGE SYSTEM

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. A heat exchanger comprising:a pair of header tanks formed in parallel, spaced apart from each other by a predetermined distance;
a plurality of tubes having ends fixed to the pair of the header tanks to form a channel for a heat exchange medium; and
a plurality of fins abutting the tubes, the fins having a plurality of louvers formed therein, wherein the louvres are formed in a first louvre column and a second louvre column formed parallel to the first louvre column, wherein the first louvre column includes a center bank formed between the louvres of the first louvre column and the second louvre column includes a center bank formed between the louvres of the second louvre column, wherein a center of the center bank of the first louvre column is offset to a first side of a center of the fin with respect to a width of the fin and a center of the center bank of the second louvre column is offset to a second side of the center of the fin with respect to the width of the fin, a first quantity of louvers formed on a first side of the center bank of the first louvre column different from a second quantity of louvers formed on a second side of the center bank of the first louvre column and a direction of the louvers on the first side of the center bank of the first louvre column formed to be opposite a direction of the louvers formed on the second side of the center bank of the first louvre column, a first quantity of louvers formed on a first side of the center bank of the second louvre column different from a second quantity of louvers formed on a second side of the center bank of the second louvre column and a direction of the louvers on the first side of the center bank of the second louvre column formed to be opposite a direction of the louvers formed on the second side of the center bank of the second louvre column, wherein the first louvre column and the second louvre column are alternately arranged along a length direction of the fin.

US Pat. No. 9,897,397

OIL COOLER

Hanon Systems, Daejeon-s...

18. A method of cooling oil in an oil cooler of an automobile, comprising the steps of:
providing an oil cooler including a pair of header tanks spaced from each other along a length of the oil cooler, a plurality
of tubes extending between the pair of header tanks, and a plurality of heat radiation fins interposed between the plurality
of tubes;

disposing a first flange having an inlet pipe and an outlet pipe extending outwardly therefrom, a bypass valve, and a second
flange adjacent one of the pair of header tanks, the bypass valve disposed intermediate the first flange and the second flange
and having a first channel, a second channel, and a bypass channel formed therein, the first channel providing fluid communication
between the inlet pipe and the pair of header tanks, the second channel providing fluid communication between the pair of
header tanks and the outlet pipe, and the bypass channel providing fluid communication between the first channel and the second
channel;

inserting a fixing bolt through the first flange, the bypass valve, and the second flange in a direction parallel to the length
of the oil cooler;

conveying oil through the oil cooler; and
closing one of the first channel and the bypass channel with the bypass valve depending on a temperature of the oil.

US Pat. No. 9,844,997

AIR CONDITIONER FOR VEHICLE

Hanon Systems, Daejeon (...

1. An air conditioner for a vehicle, the air conditioner comprising:
an air-conditioning case;
an evaporator having inlet and outlet pipes, wherein the evaporator is embedded into the air-conditioning case;
a flange joined to end portions of the inlet and outlet pipes;
a pipe penetration part formed in one side of the air conditioning case, wherein the inlet and outlet pipes pass through the
pipe penetration part; and

a sealing member which is mounted to surround an outer face of the flange to seal a space between the flange and the pipe
penetration part,

wherein the sealing member includes:
a first sealing part which is inserted into the pipe penetration part to seal a space between the outer face of the flange
and an inner face of the pipe penetration part; and

a second sealing part which is formed stepped from the first sealing part to seal a space between a dash panel of the vehicle
and the outer face of the air-conditioning case;

wherein the flange has a tool insertion hole so that a leakage checking tool can be inserted into the tool insertion hole;
and

wherein on the inner face of the sealing member surrounding the outer face of the flange, concave portions are formed at a
position corresponding to the tool insertion hole.

US Pat. No. 9,829,237

HEAT PUMP SYSTEM FOR VEHICLE AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING THE SAME

Hanon Systems, Daejeon (...

1. A heat pump system for a vehicle comprising:
a compressor mounted on a refrigerant circulation line for compressing and discharging refrigerant;
an interior heat exchanger mounted inside an air-conditioning case for exchanging heat between the air inside the air-conditioning
case and the refrigerant discharged from the compressor;

an evaporator mounted inside the air-conditioning case for exchanging heat between the air inside the air-conditioning case
and the refrigerant supplied to the compressor;

an exterior heat exchanger mounted outside the air-conditioning case for exchanging heat between the refrigerant circulating
through the refrigerant circulation line and the outdoor air;

first expansion means mounted on the refrigerant circulation line of an inlet side of the evaporator for expanding refrigerant;
second expansion means mounted on the refrigerant circulation line located between the interior heat exchanger and the exterior
heat exchanger for expanding refrigerant;

a controlling part for controlling the heat pump system to defrost whereby the controlling part determines that frosting is
formed on the external heat exchanger by determining if a difference value between outdoor temperature and refrigerant temperature
of an outlet side of the exterior heat exchanger is above a frosting decision temperature in a heat pump mode;

a first bypass line adapted to connect the refrigerant circulation line of an inlet side of the first expansion means and
the refrigerant circulation line of an outlet side of the evaporator so that the refrigerant circulating through the refrigerant
circulation line selectively bypasses the first expansion means and the evaporator; and

heat supplying means mounted on the first bypass line to supply waste heat of electronic units of the vehicle to the refrigerant
flowing along the first bypass line,

wherein the controlling part additionally determines the waste heat of the electronic units supplied through the heat supplying
means if the difference value is above the frosting decision temperature, and determines that frosting is formed on the external
heat exchanger if the waste heat of the electronic units is below a reference value.

US Pat. No. 9,822,880

WATERTIGHT SEAL DESIGN FOR VEHICLE EVAPORATOR TUBES AND VALVE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. A seal for an HVAC system comprising:
a first sealing portion having an aperture formed therethrough;
a second sealing portion having an aperture formed therethrough; and
a hinge disposed intermediate the first sealing portion and the second sealing portion,
wherein the seal is configurable in an unfolded position and in folded position, wherein in the unfolded position the first
sealing portion, the second sealing portion, and the hinge are substantially aligned, and in the folded position the second
seal portion overlaps the first seal portion, wherein the second sealing portion includes a flange circumscribing the aperture,
and wherein the second sealing portion includes a hood protruding beyond the flange and is configured to receive a diaphragm
of a thermal expansion valve therein.

US Pat. No. 9,724,977

REAR AIR CONDITIONER FOR VEHICLE

Hanon Systems, Daejeon (...

1. A rear air conditioner for a vehicle comprising:
an air-conditioning case having left and right body cases, an air inflow port formed at one side and an air outflow port formed
at the other side;

an evaporator and a heater core respectively mounted inside the air-conditioning case; and
a discharge module mounted on the air outflow port,
wherein:
the discharge module comprises:
a discharge case having at least two face vents and a floor vent, both the at least two face vents and the floor vent configured
to supply air discharged from the air outflow port toward a rear seat inside the vehicle; and

a mode door having a rotary shaft that is mounted inside the discharge case and configured to adjust the degrees of opening
of the at least two face vents and the floor vent;

the discharge case is constructed of front and rear auxiliary cases which are assembled together;
the at least two face vents include a left face vent and a right face vent formed on walls of the front and rear auxiliary
cases, respectively, and configured to separately discharge the air to the left and right sides inside the vehicle;

a bypass passageway part is formed in one side of the discharge case for communicating the air discharged through the left
face vent and the air discharged through the right face vent with each other; and

the left face vent and the right face vent have differently sized opening areas, such that some of the air discharged through
the face vent having the larger opening area is routed through the bypass passageway part to join with the air discharged
through the face vent having the smaller opening area.

US Pat. No. 9,752,493

VALVE WITH INTEGRATED WAX MOTOR BYPASS FAIL SAFE

Hanon Systems, Daejeon-S...

1. A valve comprising:
a housing including a plurality of ports including an inlet port in communication with a radiator;
a cylinder located in the housing including a plurality of apertures and a fail safe opening, wherein the cylinder is moveable
such that one of the plurality of apertures can be aligned with one of the plurality of ports of the housing to determine
a flow of a fluid through the valve;

a moveable feature moveable with and relative to the cylinder, wherein the moveable feature covers the fail safe opening of
the cylinder when a temperature of the fluid flowing through the valve is below a threshold temperature; and

an actuator including a portion made of a material that changes shape when exposed to the fluid having a temperature greater
than or equal the threshold temperature to move a portion of the actuator to move the moveable feature relative to the cylinder
and expose the fail safe opening to allow the fluid to flow through the inlet port and into the valve.

US Pat. No. 9,617,897

INTEGRATED FUNCTIONAL HEAT EXCHANGE APPARATUS FOR AUTOMOBILE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. A heat exchange device with combined functions in a vehicle, comprising:
a heat exchanger installed in an exhaust path of an engine and connected to a coolant heat exchanger circuit and an oil heat
exchanger circuit, wherein the exhaust path includes an inflow path extending from the engine to the heat exchanger and an
outflow path extending from the heat exchanger to a tail pipe;

a bypass path configured to bypass the heat exchanger in the exhaust path, wherein the bypass path extends from the inflow
path to the outflow path;

a recirculation path branched from the exhaust path to connect to an intake system of the engine, wherein the recirculation
path includes a main recirculation path branching from the outflow path and a sub recirculation path extending from the bypass
path to the main recirculation path;

a first control valve configured to control a flow of an exhaust gas between the exhaust path and the bypass path;
a second control valve configured to control a flow of the exhaust gas between the exhaust path and the recirculation path;
and

a third control valve configured to control a flow of the exhaust gas between the bypass path and the recirculation path,
wherein the third control valve is disposed at a branch point between the bypass path and the sub recirculation path, wherein
the third control valve closes a flow path toward the outflow path via the bypass path when the third control valve opens
a flow path reaching the sub recirculation path via the bypass path, and wherein the third control valve closes the flow path
reaching the sub recirculation path via the bypass path when the third control valve opens the flow path toward the outflow
path via the bypass path.

US Pat. No. 10,113,813

TUBE FOR HEAT EXCHANGER

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. A tube for a heat exchanger, which is connected between a pair of header tanks of the heat exchanger to form a heat exchanging medium passage and has an inner fin disposed at an inside thereof, the tube comprising:plane portions disposed in parallel to each other in an air flow direction;
curved portions integrally formed on both sides of the plane portions to connect the plane portions with each other; and
first reinforcement portions and second reinforcement portions formed on both end portions of the inner fin, the first reinforcement portions bonded to inner surfaces of the curved portions and the second reinforcement portions extended from the first reinforcement portions and bonded to inner surfaces of the first reinforcement portions, wherein one of the first reinforcement portions, one of the second reinforcement portions, and one of the curved portions share a common center of curvature, wherein the first reinforcement portions and the second reinforcement portions are continuously formed from both of the end portions of the inner fin without being broken and have a same curvature as each of the curved portions of the tube, and wherein the first reinforcement portions, the second reinforcement portions, and the inner fin have the same thickness and are formed thinner than the curved portions and the plane portions.

US Pat. No. 9,903,369

VANE ROTARY COMPRESSOR HAVING HINGE RECEIVING PORTIONS FORMED ON AN OUTER PERIPHERAL SURFACE OF A ROTOR WITH A PLURALITY OF VANES INCLUDING A HINGE PORTION AND A BLADE PORTION

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. A vane rotary compressor comprising:
a housing having a hollow cylinder formed therein;
a rotor rotatingly disposed in the cylinder and coupled to a rotary shaft, the rotor including a plurality of slots and a
plurality of hinge receiving portions formed on an outer peripheral surface of the rotor; and

a plurality of vanes dividing the cylinder into a plurality of compression chambers, each of the plurality of vanes including
a hinge portion and a blade portion extending outwardly from the hinge portion, the hinge portion received within one of the
plurality of slots, the blade portion biasing towards an inner peripheral surface of the cylinder, each of the plurality of
hinge receiving portions enclosing a circumference of the hinge portion of each of the plurality of vanes, the hinge portion
of each of the plurality of vanes contacts the rotor at a friction point inwardly spaced from an end of each of the plurality
of hinge receiving portions, the end of each of the plurality of hinge receiving portions extending beyond an extension line
passing through a central point of the rotor and a central point of the hinge portion, each of the plurality of hinge receiving
portions extending along the circumference of the hinge portion in a direction of rotation of the rotor.

US Pat. No. 9,902,255

FAN SHROUD FOR MOTOR VEHICLE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. A cooling assembly for a heat exchanger of a vehicle, comprising:
a shroud including a body, the body having a vent hole formed therein, a motor fixing part disposed in the vent hole and supported
by a plurality of stators extending from an inner peripheral surface of the vent hole in a centrifugal direction;

a valve assembly provided on the body including an air introduction part and a door part, the air introduction part formed
through the body, the door part including a shaft and a door coupled to the shaft, the shaft rotatably coupled to an upper
portion of the air introduction part, wherein the door moves between an open position and a closed position by rotation of
the shaft;

a motor coupled to the motor fixing part of the shroud; and
a fan coupled to the motor and disposed adjacent the vent hole of the shroud, wherein the air introduction part further comprises
a first rotation coupling part formed in a closed ring shape and a second rotation coupling part formed in a partial ring
shape having an opening part formed therein, wherein a width across the opening part is smaller than a diameter of the shaft,
and wherein a head part having a diameter larger than the diameter of the shaft is formed at an end of the shaft, the diameter
of the head part larger than an inner diameter of the first rotation coupling part.

US Pat. No. 9,897,356

REFRIGERATION PLANT WITH REFRIGERANT EVAPORATOR ARRANGEMENT AND PROCESS FOR PARALLEL AIR AND BATTERY CONTACT COOLING

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

12. A refrigeration plant having a refrigerant evaporator arrangement for parallel air and battery contact cooling comprising:
a refrigerant compressor;
a condenser in fluid communication with the refrigerant compressor;
a first expansion member disposed between the condenser and a first evaporator for air cooling;
a second expansion member disposed between the condenser and a second evaporator for battery cooling, wherein the second evaporator
includes a plurality of single evaporators arranged in parallel; and

a fixed throttling member disposed between the second evaporator and a tap of the second expansion member, the fixed throttling
member having a cross-sectional area, wherein the cross-sectional area through the fixed throttling member is constant over
an instantaneous period of time to effect pressure loss occurring as a refrigerant flows through the second evaporator;

wherein a first portion of the refrigerant flows through the first expansion member and a second portion of the refrigerant
flows through the second expansion member, wherein the second portion of the refrigerant flows from the second expansion member
to the plurality of single evaporators and from the plurality of single evaporators to the fixed throttling member, wherein
the second portion of the refrigerant flows through each of the plurality of single evaporators of the second evaporator to
the fixed throttling member effecting an approximately homogenous temperature distribution across a surface of the second
evaporator, and wherein at least the second portion of the refrigerant flowing from the plurality of single evaporators to
the fixed throttling member is in a diphase state;

wherein the first portion of the refrigerant, after flowing through the first expansion member, has an evaporation pressure
lower than the second portion of the refrigerant after flowing through the second expansion member, wherein the second portion
of the refrigerant, after flowing through the second expansion member, has the evaporation pressure higher than the first
portion of the refrigerant after flowing through the first expansion member, and wherein the second portion of the refrigerant,
after flowing through the second evaporator and the throttling member, has the same evaporation pressure as the first portion
of the refrigerant after flowing through the first evaporator.

US Pat. No. 9,844,994

AIR CONDITIONER FOR VEHICLE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. An air conditioner for a vehicle which comprises:
an air-conditioning case defining an inner face and including an air inflow port formed at one side and a plurality of air
outflow ports formed at the other side for discharging air introduced thereinto;

a door including a door member which is slidably mounted on the inner face of the air-conditioning case, said door member
having a first side facing the air-conditioning case and extending between a pair of end portions;

a gear shaft which is rotatably mounted inside the air-conditioning case to operate the door member and interlocks with the
door member;

the door member defining a plurality of gear grooves formed in a sliding direction of the door member adjacent to the end
portions to interlock with the gear shaft;

a sealing member attached to the first side of the door member and covering substantially an entirety of the first side of
the door member except for an area adjacent the gear grooves, to be sealingly face-contacted with the inner face of the air-conditioning
case by wind pressure inside the air-conditioning case in order to prevent vibration of the door member and air leakage at
the face-sealed portion; and

at least one rib protruding from the first side of the door member in the area which the sealing member is omitted to prevent
excessive pressure of the sealing member by wind pressure inside the air-conditioning case;

wherein a height of the rib is equal to or smaller than a height of the sealing member.

US Pat. No. 9,821,364

DOUBLE PIPE TYPE HEAT EXCHANGER AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Hanon Systems, Daedeok-G...

1. A method for manufacturing a double pipe type heat exchanger including an inner pipe having a first flow path defined therein
and an outer pipe arranged around the inner pipe to define a second flow path between the inner pipe and the outer pipe, comprising
the steps of:
a) forming a spiral groove on an outer circumferential surface of the inner pipe and forming a pair of enlarged pipe portions
in opposite end portions of the outer pipe;

b) inserting the inner pipe into the outer pipe;
c) fixing both ends of the inner pipe and the outer pipe together; and
d) deforming a straight pipe portion of the outer pipe to form circumferential reduced diameter portions around a straight
pipe portion of the inner pipe, the circumferential reduced diameter portions protruding toward the outer circumferential
surface of the inner pipe,

and wherein, in step d), the circumferential reduced diameter portions of the outer pipe are configured along circumferential
direction of the spiral groove of the inner pipe to intermittently block a longitudinal gap between a spiral ridge of the
inner pipe and an inner surface of the outer pipe such that a fluid flows spirally only along the spiral groove of the inner
pipe at the circumferential reduced diameter portions.

US Pat. No. 9,821,630

MODULAR AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

12. A method for operating a thermal energy storage system of a vehicle, comprising the steps of:
providing a refrigerant circuit conveying a refrigerant therethrough, the refrigerant circuit including an evaporator receiving
a flow of the refrigerant therethrough and a flow of air therethrough;

disposing a coolant heat exchanger downstream from the evaporator with respect to a direction of the flow of air through the
evaporator, the coolant heat exchanger receiving a flow of coolant therethrough;

transferring heat between the air and the coolant received by the coolant heat exchanger;
providing a coolant circuit in fluid communication with the coolant heat exchanger, the coolant circuit including a heater
core disposed downstream from the evaporator with respect to the direction of the flow of air through the evaporator, an engine,
and an auxiliary heat exchanger;

disposing a cold storage device in thermal communication with a portion of the coolant circuit;
wherein the coolant circuit further includes:
a thermal storage loop having a first segment in heat exchange communication with the cold storage device and a second segment
in fluid communication with the auxiliary heat exchanger;

an engine bypass loop bypassing the second segment and having a bypass for forming a secondary engine bypass loop fluidly
separate from the thermal storage loop;

a first flow diverter controlling the flow of coolant though the bypass and the engine bypass loop; and
a second flow diverter controlling the flow of the coolant through the thermal storage loop and through the engine bypass
loop;

disposing a water-cooled charge air cooler in fluid communication with the auxiliary heat exchanger; and
directing the coolant to flow through at least one of the auxiliary heat exchanger, the heater core, and the engine.

US Pat. No. 10,087,953

AIR BLOWER FOR FUEL CELL VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An air blower for a fuel cell vehicle, comprising:a rotary shaft;
a motor disposed around the rotary shaft, the motor including a rotator and a stator;
an impeller coupled to the rotary shaft and disposed in front of the motor;
a case provided with an inlet for inhaling external air in front of the impeller; and
a recovery channel through which the air passing through the inside of the motor returns back to a front of the impeller without being discharged outside,
wherein the impeller and the motor are spatially separated by the case,
wherein a seal is arranged on a rear portion of the impeller and seals a space between the impeller and the motor,
wherein a first air-through aperture is formed at a portion of the case between the space and the motor and a second air-through aperture is formed at a portion of the case at a rear part of the motor,
wherein the external air is inhaled through rotations of the rotary shaft and the impeller, and the inhaled air is compressed,
wherein a part of the compressed air flows into the inside of the motor through the first air-through aperture and flows out from the inside of the motor through the second air-though aperture,
wherein the compressed air that flows inside the motor cools the rotator and the stator,
wherein the recovery channel has a first end and a second end, the first end is connected to the front of the impeller and the second end is connected to the second air-through aperture formed at the case, and
wherein the recovery channel is arranged on an outside of the case enclosing the motor.

US Pat. No. 10,059,173

AIR CONDITIONER SYSTEM FOR VEHICLE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. An air conditioner system for a vehicle which comprises:a compressor;
a water-cooled condenser for condensing refrigerant, which is compressed in and discharged from the compressor, by exchanging heat with coolant;
an expansion valve adapted for expanding the refrigerant discharged from the water-cooled condenser;
an evaporator for evaporating the refrigerant discharged from the expansion valve;
a refrigeration pipe for connecting the compressor, the water-cooled condenser, the expansion valve and the evaporator with one another in order; and
an air-cooled condenser which is mounted between the water-cooled condenser and the expansion valve in order to further cool the refrigerant by exchanging heat between the refrigerant discharged from the water-cooled condenser with air;
wherein an air supply means is mounted at one side of the air-cooled condenser and connects the air-cooled condenser to an air conditioner to supply air from the air conditioner to the air-cooled condenser.

US Pat. No. 9,995,422

ABSORBING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR ITS PRODUCTION

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. An absorbing device for an air-conditioning system, comprising:a first pot part integrally formed in an end of a first air conditioning conduit; and
a second pot part cooperating with the first pot part to form a hollow enclosed chamber, the second pot part integrally formed in an end of a second air conditioning conduit, an open end of the first pot part connected to an open end of the second pot part, each of the first pot part and the second pot part including a passage therein to provide fluid communication between the hollow enclosed chamber and respective internal spaces of the first air conditioning conduit and the second air conditioning conduit;
a first tapered section formed between the first air conditioning conduit and the passage of the first pot part, wherein a diameter of the passage of the first pot part is less than a diameter of the internal space of the first air conditioning conduit, wherein a diameter of the first tapered section gradually tapers along a length of the first tapered section from the air conditioning conduit to the passage of the first pot part, and wherein the first air conditioning conduit is spaced from the passage of the first pot part with respect to an axial direction of the passage of the first pot part; and
a second tapered section formed between the second air conditioning conduit and the passage of the second pot part, wherein a diameter of the passage of the second pot part is less than a diameter of the internal space of the second air conditioning conduit, wherein a diameter of the second tapered section gradually tapers along a length of the second tapered section from the air conditioning conduit to the passage of the second pot part, and wherein the second air conditioning conduit is spaced from the passage of the second pot part with respect to an axial direction of the passage of the second pot part.

US Pat. No. 9,975,406

SMELL GENERATION TIME PREDICTING DEVICE AND SMELL GENERATION TIME PREDICTING METHOD USING THE SAME

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

17. A smell generation time predicting method for a vehicle air conditioner which includes an evaporator installed in an internal path of an air conditioner case and configured to, when the air conditioner is turned on, cool air blown into a vehicle room, the method comprising the steps of:a) detecting air temperatures at two detection points existing at a downstream side of the evaporator;
b) when the air conditioner is turned off, determining whether a temperature difference between the air temperatures is equal to or larger than a predetermined reference temperature difference and outputting a smell generation start signal if the temperature difference between the air temperatures is equal to or larger than the predetermined reference temperature difference; and
c) determining whether the temperature difference between the air temperatures is smaller than the predetermined reference temperature difference and outputting a smell generation end signal if the temperature difference between the air temperatures is smaller than the predetermined reference temperature difference.

US Pat. No. 9,969,242

CONTAMINANT RESISTANT CHARGE VALVE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. A charge valve assembly for an air conditioning system comprising:a valve housing having a first end, a second end, and an inner surface defining a cavity, the cavity extending from the first end of the valve housing to the second end of the valve housing, wherein the valve housing has a first threaded portion, a second threaded portion, and a third threaded portion formed on the inner surface thereof, the second threaded portion intermediate the first threaded portion and the third threaded portion;
a valve core assembly received in the cavity of the valve housing through the second end of the valve housing, the valve core assembly having a first end, a second end, a flow channel extending therethrough, an inner sealing surface, and a pin slideably received in the flow channel, the pin slideable between an open position and a closed position, the pin having a primary seal selectively engaging the inner sealing surface of the valve core assembly and closing the flow channel at the second end of the valve core assembly when in the closed position, the pin biasing towards the first end of the valve housing to the closed position, wherein external threads formed on the valve core assembly engage the second threaded portion of the valve housing; and
a base including a first end, a second end, a flow passage extending from the first end to the second end thereof, and external threads formed thereon, the external threads of the base engaging the third threaded portion of the valve housing, the first end of the base engaging the second end of the valve core assembly to form a seal therebetween.

US Pat. No. 9,908,383

AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. An air conditioning system for a vehicle comprising:
a refrigerant circuit configured for operating in at least a heating mode and cooling mode comprising:
a compressor;
a first refrigerant circuit heat exchanger in fluid communication with the compressor and configured for heat exchange between
a refrigerant and an environment;

a second refrigerant circuit heat exchanger in fluid communication with the compressor and configured for supplying heat to
an air supply to be conditioned for the vehicle;

a first branch disposed downstream of the compressor with respect to a flow direction of the refrigerant in the refrigerant
circuit;

a first valve disposed intermediate the first branch and the second refrigerant circuit heat exchanger and in fluid communication
with the compressor and the second refrigerant circuit heat exchanger;

a second valve disposed intermediate the first branch and the first refrigerant circuit heat exchanger and in fluid communication
with the compressor and the first refrigerant circuit heat exchanger;

a receiver and a first expansion valve in fluid communication with the first refrigerant circuit heat exchanger;
an evaporator in fluid communication with the first refrigerant circuit heat exchanger and the second refrigerant circuit
heat exchanger, wherein the first refrigerant circuit heat exchanger is disposed intermediate the second valve of the refrigerant
circuit and the receiver, the receiver is disposed intermediate the first refrigerant circuit heat exchanger and the first
expansion valve, the evaporator is disposed intermediate the first expansion valve and the compressor, and the second refrigerant
circuit heat exchanger is disposed intermediate the first valve of the refrigerant circuit and the evaporator; and

an inner heat exchanger disposed intermediate the first branch and the evaporator with respect to the flow direction of the
refrigerant in the refrigerant circuit, wherein the refrigerant flows through the inner heat exchanger in a first mode and
the refrigerant bypasses the inner heat exchanger in a second mode; and

a motor cooling circuit in heat transfer communication with the refrigerant circuit, wherein the motor cooling circuit further
comprises:

a first flow path of a coolant, the first flow path having a motor in fluid communication with a first motor cooling circuit
heat exchanger; and

a second flow path of the coolant, the second flow path having a second motor cooling circuit heat exchanger in fluid communication
with the motor, wherein the first motor cooling circuit heat exchanger is in fluid communication with the refrigerant circuit
and a coolant circuit valve controls a flow of the coolant through each of the first flow path and the second flow path of
the coolant, and wherein the first motor cooling circuit heat exchanger is disposed in a secondary flow path of the refrigerant
circuit, the secondary flow path extending from a second branch disposed intermediate the receiver and the first expansion
valve of the refrigerant circuit to an opening disposed intermediate the compressor and the evaporator, wherein the secondary
flow path bypasses the inner heat exchanger.

US Pat. No. 9,821,627

AIR-CONDITIONING SYSTEM FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. An air conditioning system for a vehicle comprising:
a housing with a first flow conduit and a second flow conduit for conducting air,
a first air conduction device configured to selectively shunt at least a portion of the air into an environment; and
a coolant circuit including a first heat exchanger arranged in the first flow conduit, a second heat exchanger arranged in
the second flow conduit, and a third heat exchanger arranged outside of the housing and operable as one of an evaporator or
a condenser;

wherein the air conditioning system is operable in a refrigerating system mode, a heat pump mode, and a reheating mode, wherein
the first heat exchanger is operable independently of an operating mode of the air conditioning system as an evaporator and
the second heat exchanger is operable independently of the operating mode of the air conditioning system as a condenser,

wherein the first flow conduit is divided into a first cold air path and a second cold air path downstream of the first heat
exchanger in a direction of flow of the air,

wherein the first cold air path is configured to direct a first partial air mass flow of the air to the environment and the
second cold air path is configured to direct a second partial air mass flow of the air to a passenger compartment of the vehicle,

wherein the second flow conduit is divided into a first warm air path and a second warm air path downstream of the second
heat exchanger in the direction of flow of the air, and

wherein the first warm air path is configured to direct a third partial air mass flow of the air to the environment and the
second warm air path is configured to direct a fourth partial air mass flow of the air to the passenger compartment of the
vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,823,023

HEAT EXCHANGER UNIT WITH REMOVABLE CASSETTES FOR AIR CONDITIONING IN MOTOR VEHICLES

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. A heat exchanger unit for an air conditioner in a motor vehicle, the heat exchanger unit comprising:
a housing;
a plurality of inserts formed in the housing, the plurality of inserts arranged in series in a direction of a flow of air;
and

a plurality of cassettes configured to receive a plurality of heat exchanger modules therein, each of the plurality of cassettes
configured to be received in one of the plurality of inserts, wherein an outer shape of the plurality of cassettes corresponds
to a shape of the plurality of inserts and an inner shape of the plurality of cassettes corresponds to an outer shape of the
plurality of heat exchanger modules, wherein each of the plurality of cassettes has the same external dimension so the plurality
of cassettes are interchangeable in position in the housing, wherein a first one of the plurality of cassettes includes a
bevel portion formed between a first heat exchanger module of the plurality of heat exchanger modules and a second heat exchanger
module of the plurality of heat exchanger modules.

US Pat. No. 9,789,745

AIR INTAKE WITH SINGLE DOOR AND THROTTLING FUNCTION

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. An air intake of an air conditioning system of a motor vehicle, comprising:
a fresh air duct configured to receive fresh air;
a recirculated air duct configured to receive air from a passenger area of the motor vehicle;
an air outlet configured to channel at least one of the fresh air and the air from the passenger area of the motor vehicle
to a blower;

a housing having a housing wall, a dividing wall, and a formation, the formation having a surface protruding from a portion
of the housing wall into the fresh air duct and narrowing an opening area of the fresh air duct in a direction with respect
to a flow of the fresh air, wherein the formation has a first surface portion and a second surface portion continuous with
the first surface portion, wherein the first surface portion projects into the opening area of the fresh air duct at an angle
from the housing wall towards the second surface and the second surface portion is parallel to the portion of the housing
wall; and

a valve having a surface extending between a first longitudinal side and a second longitudinal side thereof and a rotational
axis, the valve disposed in the housing and rotatable about the rotational axis between a first position and a second position,
wherein the surface of the valve at the first position cooperates with the housing wall and the formation to narrow the opening
area of the fresh air duct, wherein the surface of the valve at the first position is in contact with the formation, and wherein
the valve is positioned in the housing at a convergence of the fresh air duct and the recirculated air duct, and wherein the
valve opens or closes the fresh air duct and the recirculated air duct, wherein the surface of the valve at the first longitudinal
side of the valve is in contact with the second surface portion of the formation during an initial rotation of the valve from
the first position to a first intermediate position between the first position and the second position, and wherein the surface
of the valve at the first longitudinal side of the valve aligns with and cooperates with the second surface portion of the
formation to form a substantially constant gap during a rotation of the valve between the first intermediate position and
a second intermediate position between the first intermediate position and the second position;

wherein the formation extends from the housing wall along an entire width of the housing wall and along a length of the housing
wall extending from an inlet of the fresh air duct to an outlet of the fresh air duct.

US Pat. No. 9,643,474

AIR CONDITIONER FOR VEHICLE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-S...

1. An air conditioner for a vehicle comprising:
an air blowing device;
an air-conditioning case having an air inflow port formed on one side for introducing the air blown from the air blowing device
into the air-conditioning case, a plurality of air outflow ports formed on the other side for discharging out air, a cold
air passageway which is formed between the air inflow port and the air outflow ports and in which an evaporator is mounted,
and a warm air passageway in which a heater is mounted;

a desiccant rotor mounted at the upstream side of the evaporator in an air flow direction inside the air-conditioning case,
one side of the desiccant rotor relative to the air-conditioning case being used as a desiccant part for dehumidifying the
air flowing inside the air-conditioning case, the other side of the desiccant rotor being used as a regeneration part for
drying and regenerating moisture absorbed at the desiccant part;

a bypass passageway and a regeneration passageway formed below the cold air passageway and the warm air passageway inside
the air-conditioning case, the bypass passageway being adapted to let some of the air passing through the desiccant part of
the desiccant rotor bypass the cold air passageway and the warm air passageway, the regeneration passageway being adapted
to supply the air passing through the bypass passageway to the regeneration part of the desiccant rotor;

a communication chamber formed at an outlet of the bypass passageway inside the air-conditioning case for communicating the
rear side warm air passageway of the heater, the bypass passageway and the regeneration passageway with one another, and

a door mounted inside the communication chamber for selectively opening and closing the rear side warm air passageway of the
heater, the bypass passageway and the regeneration passageway relative to the communication chamber,

wherein the heater has one side area arranged on the bypass passageway and the other side area arranged on the warm air passageway
in order to heat the air flowing the bypass passageway and the warm air passageway, and heats the dehumidified air passing
the bypass passageway through the desiccant part of the desiccant rotor, and then, supplies the heated air to the regeneration
part of the desiccant rotor so as to regenerate the desiccant rotor.

US Pat. No. 10,017,029

AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM FOR MOTOR VEHICLES

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. An air conditioning system for motor vehicles, comprising:an air conditioner case;
a main blower disposed in the air conditioner case and configured to draw air from outside the air conditioner case;
an auxiliary blower disposed in the air conditioner case and configured to draw air from within the air conditioner case, wherein the auxiliary blower is disposed downstream of the main blower with respect to a flow of the air through the air conditioner case;
a rear seat path through which the air drawn by the main blower flows toward the auxiliary blower through an evaporator or a heater core;
a rear seat temperature door installed on an upstream side of the auxiliary blower to control an opening amount of the rear seat path;
a temperature sensor disposed in the rear seat path downstream of the rear seat temperature door; and
a control unit configured to limit an upper limit value of a temperature of the air drawn into the auxiliary blower for preventing an overheating of the auxiliary blower, wherein the control unit is configured to limit the upper limit value of the temperature of the air drawn into the auxiliary blower by controlling a position of the rear seat temperature door with respect to the rear seat path.

US Pat. No. 9,963,010

AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM FOR AN AUTOMOBILE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. An air conditioning system for conditioning air of a passenger compartment of a motor vehicle comprising:a housing including a first flow path, a first flow duct, and a second flow duct, the first flow duct including a first fan and the second flow duct including a second fan, the first fan and the second fan configured to convey air through the housing;
a refrigerant circuit including an evaporator disposed in the first flow duct and a condenser disposed in the second flow duct;
an outlet section in fluid communication with the housing and configured to receive at least a portion of the air flowing through the housing and convey the portion of the air to the environment; and
a coolant-air-heat exchanger disposed in the first flow path, the coolant-air-heat exchanger configured to provide heat exchange communication between the air flowing through the first flow path and a coolant flowing through a coolant circuit of the motor vehicle, the coolant circuit configured to temper components of the motor vehicle, wherein the coolant-air-heat exchanger is disposed upstream from the first fan and the second fan with respect to a direction of a flow of the air through the housing.

US Pat. No. 9,931,904

AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM FOR AUTOMOTIVE VEHICLES

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. An air conditioning system for a motor vehicle comprising:an air conditioner case including a left path, a right path and a rear seat path formed therein;
a temperature door adjusting a volume of air flowing through each of the left path, the right path, and the rear seat path;
a main blower in fluid communication with the air conditioner case and blowing the air through the left path, the right path, and the rear seat path;
an air volume distribution door disposed in the air conditioning case and angularly adjustable with respect to a flow direction of the air, the air volume distribution door varying an opening of the left path and an opening of the right path, and selectively dividing a volume of the air to the left path and the right path;
an auxiliary blower in fluid communication with the rear seat path increasing a volume and a pressure of the air flowing through the rear seat path; and
a control unit in signal communication with the main blower, the auxiliary blower, and the air volume distribution door, the control unit detecting a change of one of an opening position of the temperature door and a rotational speed of the auxiliary blower, the control unit controlling an angular position of the air volume distribution door with respect to the left path and the right path, wherein the control unit includes a first memory part storing a plurality of first air volume distribution door compensating values, each of the plurality of first air volume distribution door compensating values associated with a corresponding one of a plurality of temperature door opening position change angles, and wherein the control unit includes a second memory part storing a plurality of second air volume distribution door compensating values, each of the plurality of second air volume distribution door compensating values associated with a corresponding one of a plurality of main blower/auxiliary blower rotation speed level deviations.

US Pat. No. 9,919,576

AIR CONDITIONER FOR VEHICLE AND CONTROLLING METHOD THEREOF

Hanon Systems, Daejeon (...

1. An air conditioner for a vehicle which includes: an air-conditioning case which has a front seat air passageway having
cold and warm air passageways and a rear seat air passageway formed below the front seat air passageway; an evaporator mounted
at the upstream side of the front seat air passageway and the rear seat air passageway and a heater core mounted on the warm
air passageway inside the air-conditioning case; and a front seat temperature-adjusting door mounted between the evaporator
and the heater core inside the air-conditioning case to adjust the degrees of opening of the cold air passageway and the warm
air passageway, the air conditioner comprising:
a rear seat discharge housing which is disposed at an outlet of the rear seat air passageway of the air-conditioning case
and has a rear seat face vent and rear seat floor vents to discharge air toward the rear seat;

a rear seat temperature-adjusting door which is mounted on the rear seat air passageway and controls an amount of air that
has passed the evaporator and is flowing into the rear seat air passageway and the warm air passageway;

a rear seat cold air control door which is mounted inside the rear seat air passageway to control the degree of opening of
the rear seat air passageway; and

a control part for controlling a position of the rear seat cold air control door depending on a position of the front seat
temperature-adjusting door when the position of the rear seat cold air control door is controlled according to rear seat air-conditioning
modes,

wherein an auxiliary rear seat temperature-adjusting door is mounted at the rear side of the heater core inside the air-conditioning
case to control an inflow amount of air flowing into the rear seat discharge housing after passing the heater core.

US Pat. No. 9,919,584

EVAPORATOR

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. An evaporator comprising:
a first header tank including a first partition wall, the first partition wall dividing the first header tank into a first
line and a second line;

a second header tank parallel to and spaced apart from the first header tank at a predetermined distance, the second header
tank including a second partition wall, the second partition wall dividing the second header tank into a first line and a
second line;

a plurality of baffles disposed within each of the first header tank and the second header tank, the plurality of baffles
of the first header tank controlling a refrigerant flowing through the first header tank, the plurality of baffles of the
second header tank controlling the refrigerant flowing through the second header tank;

a core part including a plurality of tubes and a plurality of fins, the plurality of tubes fixed to and extending between
the first header tank and the second header tank, the plurality of fins interposed between the plurality of tubes, wherein
the plurality of tubes cooperate with the plurality of baffles of each of the first header tank and the second header tank
to divide the plurality of tubes into a first area, a second area, a third area, a fourth area, a fifth area, a sixth area,
a seventh area, and an eighth area, wherein the first area, the second area, the third area, and the fourth area extend between
the first line of the first header tank and the first line of the second header tank and the fifth area, the sixth area, the
seventh area, and the eighth area extend between the second line of the first header tank and the second line of the second
header tank; and

an inlet pipe in fluid communication with the first line of the first header tank and an outlet pipe in fluid communication
with the second line of the first header tank, the inlet pipe parallel with the outlet pipe, wherein the first header tank
is formed with a hole for fluid communication from the first line to the second line.

US Pat. No. 9,821,625

HEAT EXCHANGER ASSEMBLY FOR HEAT ABSORPTION AND CLIMATE CONTROL SYSTEM OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. A heat exchanger assembly for cooling of air, comprising:
a blower;
an air duct in fluid communication with the blower;
a first heat exchanger integrated into a cooling circuit, configured to permit coolant to flow through the heat exchanger,
and further configured to permit air from the blower to be applied to the heat exchanger to enable heat from the air to be
transferred to and evaporate the coolant; and

a housing with a first flow duct and a second flow duct for conduction of air;
wherein the blower is arranged upstream of the first heat exchanger in relation to a direction of airflow wherein waste heat
of the blower heats the air before reaching the heat exchanger;

wherein the first heat exchanger is a double-row tubular heat exchanger with tubes arranged in rows,
wherein the coolant circuit comprises the first heat exchanger and a second heat exchanger, wherein the first heat exchanger
is arranged in the first flow duct and the second heat exchanger is arranged in the second flow duct,

wherein the first heat exchanger is configured for a refrigeration operation for cooling of a passenger compartment and a
heat pump operation for heating of the passenger compartment, wherein the first heat exchanger is an evaporator, and

wherein the second heat exchanger is a condenser, the second heat exchanger comprises a heat transfer surface comprising a
first area disposed partially across a cross-section of the first flow duct and a second area disposed entirely across a cross-section
of the second flow duct, wherein the heat transfer surface of the condenser is controllably variably partitioned.

US Pat. No. 10,122,156

DEVICE FOR FIXING PIPE AND ELECTRIC WIRE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. A device for fixing a pipe and an electric wire, the device comprising:a first connection member having a first through hole adapted to pass the pipe therethrough and a hollow portion formed on a given region thereof; and
a second connection member having a second through hole adapted to pass the electric wire therethrough,
wherein the second connection member has a shape that corresponds with a shape of the hollow portion in such a manner as to be integrally formed with the first connection member, so that the first connection member and the second connection member block a fastening hole formed on a given region of a vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,113,811

TUBE FOR HEAT EXCHANGER

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-S...

1. An elongate tube for a heat exchanger, the tube comprising:a first end and a second end for connection to, respectively, a first header and a second header of the heat exchanger;
an outer wall encompassing an internal volume, the internal volume providing at least two channels for carrying a heat exchange fluid a length of the tube between the first header and the second header; and
at least one seam in the outer wall extending the length of the tube, the at least one seam including a pair of opposed flanges, the flanges extending into the internal volume to divide the internal volume into the at least two channels, the outer wall joined together along the at least one seam, wherein the tube has proximate the first end a first end region and proximate the second end a second end region, and between the first end region and the second end region an intermediate region, the tube being flattened along substantially all of the length such that the flanges divide the internal volume into at least two flattened lobes, each of the at least two lobes including one of the at least two channels and each of the at least two lobes extending laterally away from the flanges relative to the length of the tube, and the at least two lobes flatter in the intermediate region than the at least two lobes in at least one of the first end region and the second end region, wherein each of the at least two lobes includes a proximal portion formed proximate the flanges and a distal portion formed laterally outwardly of the proximal portion with respect to the flanges, wherein each of the at least two lobes is substantially flat and a lower section of the at least two lobes is substantially parallel to an upper section of the at least two lobes in the proximal portion, and wherein the flanges have a bending portion contacting a portion of the outer wall opposite the at least one seam, wherein a width of the distal portion of each of the at least two lobes in the first end region is greater than a width of the distal portion of each of the at least two lobes in the intermediate region and wherein a width of the distal portion of each of the at least two lobes in the first end region is greater than a width of the proximal portion of each of the at least two lobes in the first end region.

US Pat. No. 10,081,225

VEHICLE AIR CONDITIONER SLOTTED MODE CAM

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. An air conditioner for a vehicle which includes:an air-conditioning case which has a defrost vent, a face vent and floor vents to discharge air introduced through an air inflow port;
a defrost door, a face door and a floor door which are respectively rotatably mounted through rotary shafts inside the air-conditioning case to adjust the degrees of opening of the each vents; and
a mode cam which has at least one slot connected with the rotary shaft of at least one of the doors through connecting means to make the connecting means carry out a cam motion so as to individually adjust the degree of opening of the door connected to the slot while rotating at a predetermined angle according to air discharge modes,
wherein the air-conditioning case comprises a console vent for discharging air toward the rear seat of the vehicle and a console door for adjusting the degree of opening of the console vent,
wherein the mode cam comprises console air volume distribution means which varies distribution of air volume of the console vent according to the air discharge modes in order to adjust the degree of opening of the console door,
wherein the console air volume distribution means comprises a console slot which is formed on the mode cam and is connected with a rotary shaft of the console door through the auxiliary connecting means to make the auxiliary connecting means carry out the cam motion,
wherein the console slot comprises: a closing slot part for operating the auxiliary connecting means so that the console door closes the console vent; an opening slot part for operating the auxiliary connecting means so that the console door opens the console vent the greatest; and a middle slot part for operating the auxiliary connecting means so that the console door opens the console vent less than when the console vent is opened the greatest,
wherein the air discharge modes comprise a face mode, a bi-level mode, a floor mode, a mixing mode and a defrost mode,
wherein the console slot is linked with the air discharge modes from the opening slot part to the middle slot part and the closing slot part to operate the console door,
wherein the opening slot part, the middle slot part and the closing slot part of the console slot are arranged in such a way that the degree of opening of the console vent is gradually reduced while the air discharge mode is changed successively from the face mode to the bi-level mode, the floor mode, the mixing mode and the defrost mode, and wherein when the air discharge mode is the face mode and the bi-level mode, the auxilary connecting means is at the opening slot part of the console slot, and wherein when the air discharge mode is the floor mode and the mixing mode, the auxiliary connecting means is at the middle slot part, and wherein when the air discharge mode is the defrost mode, the auxiliary connecting means is at the closing slot part of the console slot.

US Pat. No. 10,072,670

FAN SHROUD ASSEMBLY

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. A fan shroud assembly comprising:a fan including a hub coupled to a rotating shaft of a motor, a plurality of blades formed on an outer circumferential surface of the hub, and a fan band connecting the plurality of blades to each other at an end portion of the plurality of blades;
a shroud including a plenum part, a bell mouth forming a ventilating part in the plenum part, a motor mounting disposed at a central area of the ventilating part and configured to fixedly mount the motor to the fan shroud assembly, and a plurality of stators connecting and extending between the motor mounting and the bell mouth, the ventilating part receiving ventilated air generated by a rotation of the fan; and
a plurality of saw-teeth formed along an inner circumferential surface of the ventilating part to maintain a gap formed between the fan band and the bell mouth, the plurality of saw-teeth having a saw-toothed shape, a first end of the plurality of saw-teeth is spaced apart from a second end of the plurality of saw teeth in a circumferential direction, wherein the plurality of saw-teeth is entirely formed in a first area of the fan shroud assembly, and wherein a second area of the fan shroud assembly extends in a first direction from a radius line at a first angle and in a second direction from the radius line at a second angle, the radius line extending in a radial direction from a central portion of the ventilating part to an outer edge surface of the plenum part, wherein each of the first angle and the second angle is an acute angle, and wherein the first angle is different from the second angle.

US Pat. No. 10,017,028

HEAT EXCHANGER FOR REFRIGERANT CIRCUITRY

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

8. An apparatus for partitioning an internal volume space of header pipes of a heat exchanger and changing a flow of a fluid in the header pipes of the heat exchanger, comprising:at least one moveable separation component configured for alignment within at least one of the header pipes of the heat exchanger along a length of the at least one of the header pipes, the at least one moveable separation component further comprising:
a moveable closing component;
a first stop component cooperating with the moveable closing component to open and close the at least one moveable separation component based on a differential pressure exerted on the at least one moveable separation component; and
a second stop component, wherein a gap is formed between an outer circumferential surface of the second stop component and an edge of the first stop component, wherein the second stop component has a plurality of openings formed therethrough adjacent and spaced from the outer circumferential surface thereof, and wherein a first portion of each of the plurality of openings is open and a second portion of each of the plurality of openings is closed when the moveable closing component contacts the second stop component such that the gap and the first portion of each of the plurality of openings are flow paths of the fluid through the at least one of the header pipes.

US Pat. No. 10,017,030

EFFICIENT TRANSFER OF HEAT TO PASSENGER CABIN

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. A method of transferring thermal energy to air distributed to a passenger cabin of a vehicle, the vehicle powered by a rechargeable power source, the method comprising the steps of:adding thermal energy to a thermal storage element during a charging of the rechargeable power source; and
transferring thermal energy from the thermal storage element to the air distributed to the passenger cabin following a discontinuation of the charging of the rechargeable power source, wherein a first fluid transfers the thermal energy from the thermal storage element to the air distributed to the passenger cabin, wherein the first fluid flows through a first heat exchanger in thermal communication with the air distributed to the passenger cabin, wherein the first heat exchanger is disposed in a housing having the air distributed to the passenger cabin flowing therethrough, and wherein the first heat exchanger is disposed in the housing upstream of a cooling device and a heating device with respect to a direction of flow of the air distributed to the passenger cabin through the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,017,031

HEAT EXCHANGER ARRANGEMENT FOR HEAT UPTAKE AND AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. An air conditioning system for cooling, heating, and reheating an air supply for a vehicle comprising:a housing having a first flow channel and a second flow channel formed therein, the first flow channel configured for receiving a first flow of the air supply and the second flow channel configured for receiving a second flow of the air supply, the first flow channel divided into a first flow channel flow path and a bypass channel;
a partition wall disposed intermediate the first flow channel and the second flow channel, the partition wall separating the first flow channel from the second flow channel wherein the first flow of the air supply is not in fluid communication with the second flow of the air supply within the housing;
a first evaporator disposed in the first flow channel, wherein the first evaporator extends across an entirety of a flow cross-section of the first flow channel, wherein a first end of the first evaporator is disposed adjacent an inner surface of the housing defining a portion of the first flow channel and a second end of the first evaporator is disposed adjacent an inner surface of the partition wall defining a boundary of the first flow channel;
a condenser having a first region and a second region, the first region disposed in the second flow channel and the second region disposed in the first flow channel flow path; and
a plurality of air guidance mechanisms arranged in the housing and cooperating to direct the air supply through at least one of the first flow channel and the second flow channel.

US Pat. No. 10,000,110

AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM FOR MOTOR VEHICLES

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. An air conditioning system for motor vehicles, comprising: an air conditioner case having a drainage port; an evaporator installed within the air conditioner case; a drainage hose configured to discharge condensate water generated in the evaporator to an outside of a vehicle room, the drainage hose connected to the drainage port and drawn out to the outside of the vehicle room through a dashboard; a connector means configured to rotatably connect the drainage hose to the drainage port of the air conditioner case to permit rotation of the drainage hose with respect to the drainage port when the drainage hose is twisted in an assembling process of the drainage hose, wherein the connector means includes a rotation guiding projection formed on an outer circumferential surface of the drainage port and a connector fixedly secured to the drainage hose and fitted to the outer circumferential surface of the drainage port to rotate along the rotation guiding projection; and wherein a terminal end portion of the connector extends along a circumferential direction and wherein protrusion portions are continuously formed on the outer circumferential surface of the drainage port along the circumferential direction to make contact with the terminal end portion of the connector and water-tightly seal a gap between the terminal end portion of the connector and the drainage port, and wherein the protrusion portions are formed on the outer circumferential surface of the drainage port at an inner side and an outer side of the connector with respect to the terminal end portion interposed between the protrusion portions.

US Pat. No. 9,914,339

SUPPLEMENTAL THERMAL STORAGE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. An HVAC system for a motor vehicle comprising:
a housing having a length greater than a width, the housing disposed with the length substantially parallel to a longitudinal
axis of the motor vehicle;

a blower assembly disposed within the housing, the blower assembly disposed adjacent an instrument panel of the motor vehicle;
a first heat exchanger and a second heat exchanger disposed within the housing;
a first thermal storage device in thermal communication with the first heat exchanger and air caused to flow through the HVAC
system; and

a second thermal storage device in thermal communication with the second heat exchanger and the air caused to flow through
the HVAC system, wherein a portion of the housing is disposed between front seats of the motor vehicle, wherein the second
thermal storage device is disposed within the portion of the housing, wherein the first heat exchanger and the second heat
exchanger are slopingly disposed in the housing and an upper end of the first heat exchanger and an upper end of the second
heat exchanger are closer than a lower end of the first heat exchanger and a lower end of the second heat exchanger, and wherein
an inlet of a cool air bypass duct is formed between the upper end of the first heat exchanger and the upper end of the second
heat exchanger.

US Pat. No. 9,914,433

OVAL DEFROST OUTLET COMBINED WITH COLD AIR BYPASS CHANNEL

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. A housing for an air conditioning system including an evaporator and a heater core, the housing comprising:
a cold air path guiding an air mass flow conducted through the evaporator to a mixing chamber by bypassing the heater core;
a warm air path guiding the air mass flow conducted through the evaporator to the mixing chamber by passing through the heater
core;

a windshield air outlet in fluid communication with the mixing chamber;
a windshield air flap disposed intermediate the mixing chamber and the windshield air outlet;
a dashboard air outlet in fluid communication with the mixing chamber;
a dashboard air flap disposed intermediate the mixing chamber and the dashboard air outlet;
a bypass extending from upstream of the cold air path and the warm air path to the dashboard air outlet, the bypass configured
to conduct a bypass air flow around the cold air path, the warm air path, and the mixing chamber; and

a flow conduit providing fluid communication between the mixing chamber and the windshield air outlet, wherein a cold air
temperature flap regulating an amount of opening of the cold air path is formed at the cold air path, a warm air temperature
flap regulating an amount of opening of the warm air path is formed at the warm air path, a bypass air flap regulating an
amount of opening of the bypass is formed at the bypass, the air mass flow conducted through the evaporator is divided by
the cold air temperature flap, the warm air temperature flap, and the bypass air flap into a cold air mass flow through the
cold air path, a warm air mass flow through the warm air path, and the bypass air flow through the bypass, and wherein the
flow conduit is constructed as a unitary part and includes a wall enclosing a circumference thereof, the flow conduit extending
through the bypass, the bypass air flow through the bypass divided by the wall of the flow conduit into a first portion of
the bypass air flow and a second portion of the bypass air flow, the bypass formed in a bipartite manner adjacent the flow
conduit.

US Pat. No. 10,094,624

FIN FOR HEAT EXCHANGER

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. A fin for a heat exchanger comprising:a fin member;
a first row formed in the fin member extending in a direction of width of the fin member, the first row having a plurality of valley sections alternating with a plurality of crest sections, a plurality of walls interposed between and joining the plurality of valley sections of the first row and the plurality of crest sections of the first row, each of the plurality of walls of the first row angled with respect to the direction of width of the fin member; and
a second row formed in the fin member extending in the direction of width of the fin member, the second row having a plurality of valley sections alternating with a plurality of crest sections, a plurality of walls interposed between and joining the plurality of valley sections of the second row to the plurality of crest sections of the second row, wherein a flow of a fluid through the fin member flows in a direction perpendicular to the direction of width of the fin member, the plurality of crest sections of the first row and the plurality of valley sections of the first row are offset from the plurality of crest sections of the second row and the plurality of valley sections of the second row, wherein each of the plurality of walls of the first row and each of the plurality of walls of the second row include a leading edge facing towards the flow of the fluid through the fin member and a trailing edge facing away from the flow of the fluid through the fin member, wherein the leading edges of all of the walls forming the first row are offset laterally in the direction of width of the fin member from the leading edges of all of the walls forming the second row, wherein each of the plurality of walls of the first row and each of the plurality of walls of the second row are angled with respect to the direction of width of the fin member to cause the trailing edge of each of the plurality of walls to be offset with respect to the direction of width of the fin member from the leading edge of that same one of the plurality of walls, wherein a direction of offset with respect to the direction of width of the fin member between the valley sections and the crest sections of the first row and the valley sections and the crest sections of the second row is the same as a direction of offset between the leading edge and the trailing edge of each of the walls of each of the first row and the second row.

US Pat. No. 10,066,881

STANDING GASKET FOR HEAT EXCHANGER

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. A sealing element for sealing a contact surface of a header of a heat exchanger and a fluid reservoir comprising:an elongate main body, wherein a cross section of the main body is an oval having a height and a width defining a height and a width of the main body, the height of the cross section of the main body greater than the width of the cross section of the main body;
lugs protruding laterally outwardly from a surface of the main body, a height of the lugs less than the height of the main body; and
enlarged portions formed along a length of the main body, wherein a height of each of the enlarged portions is the same as the height of the main body and a width of each of the enlarged portions is greater than the width of the main body, wherein each of the enlarged portions includes one of the lugs protruding laterally outwardly therefrom.

US Pat. No. 10,006,679

DEVICE FOR A HEAT EXCHANGER FOR COLLECTING AND DISTRIBUTING A HEAT TRANSFER FLUID

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. A device for a heat exchanger for collecting and distributing a heat exchange fluid, comprising:a hollow cylindrical header tube having a wall, the wall having an outer diameter and enclosing an inner cross-section having an inner diameter, the wall including a plurality of openings formed therethrough; and
a plurality of flat tubes, each of the flat tubes having an end received in the inner cross-section of the header tube through one of the openings, wherein a cross-sectional shape of each of the openings corresponds to a cross-sectional shape of the each of the flat tubes, a width of each of the flat tubes is greater than the inner diameter of the inner cross-section and smaller than the outer diameter of the header tube, wherein a pair of grooves extend from each of the openings into the wall of the header tube, and wherein opposing sides of each of the flat tubes are received in the grooves, wherein each of the flat tubes has a plurality of flow channels formed therein, wherein each of the flat tubes is arranged with one end face spaced from an end of each of the grooves formed in the wall, wherein each of the flat tubes is formed with a pair of opposing narrow sides, wherein a formation is formed in each of the grooves between each of the narrow sides of the end face of each of the flat tubes and the end of each of the grooves, wherein a first chamfer is formed in the header tube adjacent each of the openings, wherein a second chamfer is formed on the end face of each of the flat tubes on each of the narrow sides and spaced from the formation, wherein each of the flat tubes has a solder dam formed on a surface of each of the flat tubes intermediate the end face and in a region of each of the flat tubes that is disposed within the wall when each of the flat tubes is assembled to the header tube, wherein a gap is formed by the first chamfer between each of the flat tubes and the wall of the header tube, and wherein the gap generates a capillary force on a liquid solder during a soldering process militating against blockage of the flow channels of each of the flat tubes.

US Pat. No. 9,988,969

FLUID MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR A HEAT EXCHANGER OF A VEHICLE AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. A vehicle, comprising:a cooling module disposed within an engine compartment of the vehicle, the cooling module configured to receive a flow of a cooling fluid from outside of the engine compartment and to discharge a heated flow of the cooling fluid from within the cooling module to the engine compartment of the vehicle; and
a fluid management system configured to cause at least a portion of the heated flow of the cooling fluid to redirect at least a portion of a flow of a heated fluid, the heated fluid being a fluid external to the cooling module and within the engine compartment of the vehicle, wherein the fluid management system includes one or more flow paths formed downstream of the cooling module and between the cooling module and the fluid management system with respect to a direction of the heated flow of the cooling fluid through the cooling module, and
wherein the heated fluid is caused to flow through the one or more flow paths, and
wherein the heated flow of the cooling fluid through a shroud configured to control the heated flow of the cooling fluid through the cooling module causes a decrease in pressure in the shroud, thereby redirecting the at least a portion of the flow of the heated fluid into the shroud to mix with the heated flow of the cooling fluid.

US Pat. No. 10,094,379

SCROLL COMPRESSOR

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. A scroll compressor comprising:a housing including a suction port and a discharge port formed in an outer peripheral surface of the housing, the housing defining a suction chamber and a discharge chamber, the suction chamber communicating with the suction port and the discharge chamber communicating with the discharge port;
a fixed scroll disposed in a first portion of the housing and having an outlet formed therein communicating with the discharge chamber;
a drive motor mounted to a second portion of the housing including a rotary shaft coupled thereto, wherein the drive motor is disposed within the suction chamber;
an orbiting scroll eccentrically coupled to an end of the rotary shaft and configured to revolve about the fixed scroll, the orbiting scroll cooperating with the fixed scroll to define a plurality of compression chambers;
a back-pressure chamber defined by the housing between the orbiting scroll and the rotary shaft, the back-pressure chamber configured to urge the orbiting scroll towards the fixed scroll; and
a back-pressure regulation passage comprising a first passage through which the discharge chamber communicates with the back-pressure chamber and a second passage through which the back-pressure chamber communicates with the suction chamber;
a check valve disposed in the first passage, the check valve configured to selectively provide fluid communication between the discharge chamber and the back-pressure chamber; and
an orifice formed in the second passage, the orifice configured to continuously provide fluid communication between the back-pressure chamber and the suction chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,040,334

R744 BASED HEAT PUMP SYSTEM WITH A WATER COOLED GAS COOLER FOR COOLING, HEATING AND DEHUMIDIFICATION OF AN EV/HEV

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. An air conditioning system for a motor vehicle comprising:a first coolant circuit having a first coolant flowing therethrough;
a second coolant circuit having a second coolant flowing therethrough;
a refrigerant circuit having a refrigerant flowing therethrough, the refrigerant circuit including a compressor configured to compress the refrigerant, a first heat exchanger in fluid communication with the compressor, an expansion device, a second heat exchanger in fluid communication with the expansion device, a third heat exchanger in fluid communication with the second heat exchanger, and an element selectively varying a cross-sectional flow area therein for flow of the refrigerant therethrough, the first heat exchanger in fluid communication with the first coolant circuit and the second coolant circuit, and the second heat exchanger in fluid communication with the second coolant circuit, the third heat exchanger exchanging heat between the refrigerant and a flow of air and disposed intermediate the element and the expansion device;
a first three-way valve configured to selectively provide fluid communication between the first heat exchanger and each of the first coolant circuit and the second coolant circuit, a first fluid line fluidly coupling the first three-way valve to the first coolant circuit, a second fluid line fluidly coupling the first three-way valve to the second coolant circuit, and a third fluid line fluidly coupling the first three-way valve to the first heat exchanger; and
a second three-way valve configured to selectively provide fluid communication between the first heat exchanger and each of the first coolant circuit and the second coolant circuit, a fourth fluid line fluidly coupling the second three-way valve to the first coolant circuit, a fifth fluid line fluidly coupling the second three-way valve to the second coolant circuit, and a sixth fluid line fluidly coupling the second three-way valve to the first heat exchanger.

US Pat. No. 10,208,749

SCROLL COMPRESSOR WITH A RING MEMBER AND GUIDE PIN

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. A scroll compressor comprising:an orbiting scroll configured to be seated on a surface of a main frame, the orbiting scroll including a plurality of seating grooves formed therein, each of the seating grooves including a stepped part;
a ring member inserted into one of the seating grooves, the ring member including a lower surface in contact with the stepped part of the one of the seating grooves, wherein an upper surface of the stepped part of the one of the seating grooves is in contact with only a first portion of the lower surface of the ring member, and wherein a second portion of the lower surface of the ring member is disposed radially inwardly from and does not contact the upper surface of the stepped part of the one of the seating grooves; and
a guide pin having a first end fixed to the main frame and a second end extending into an interior of the ring member, wherein the second end of the guide pin is spaced apart from the stepped part of the one of the seating grooves.

US Pat. No. 10,202,881

INTEGRATION OF EXHAUST GAS RECIRCULATION (EGR), EXHAUST HEAT RECOVERY (EHRS), AND LATENT HEAT STORAGE IN A COMPLETE EXHAUST THERMAL MANAGEMENT MODULE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

13. A method of operating a thermal energy management system for an internal combustion engine, the method comprising the steps of:providing a coolant circuit including the internal combustion engine and a first heat exchanger, the coolant circuit configured to convey a coolant therethrough, wherein the coolant circuit further includes a latent heat storage unit and a second heat exchanger, wherein the latent heat storage unit is in fluid communication with the first heat exchanger and the second heat exchanger is in fluid communication with each of the first heat exchanger and the latent heat storage unit, the second heat exchanger exchanging heat energy between the coolant flowing through the coolant circuit and an oil flowing from the internal combustion engine in an oil circuit, and wherein the coolant flows through the coolant circuit in a following order: the first heat exchanger, the second heat exchanger, and the latent heat storage unit;
providing a gas circuit including the internal combustion engine, the first heat exchanger, and an exhaust line, the gas circuit configured to convey an exhaust gas produced by the internal combustion engine, the first heat exchanger exchanging heat energy between the coolant flowing through the coolant circuit and the exhaust gas flowing through the gas circuit;
operating the thermal management system in at least one of a first phase and a second phase; and
selectively controlling at least a portion of an entirety of the flow of the exhaust gas to one of bypass the first heat exchanger and mix with the air being introduced into the internal combustion engine, flow to the exhuast line, and flow through the first heat exchanger.

US Pat. No. 10,203,160

COOLING MODULE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. A cooling module comprising:a first heat exchanger cooling a first heat exchange medium;
a second heat exchanger cooling a second heat exchange medium;
a third heat exchanger cooling a third heat exchange medium; and
a fan and shroud assembly, the first heat exchanger, the second heat exchanger, the third heat exchanger, and the fan and shroud assembly in series with one another in an air flow direction, wherein the first heat exchanger is a condenser, the second heat exchanger is an electronic component radiator, and the third heat exchanger is an engine radiator, wherein the second heat exchanger is between the first heat exchanger and the third heat exchanger and a flow of the first heat exchange medium inside first tubes forming the first heat exchanger is perpendicular to a flow of the second heat exchange medium inside second tubes forming the second heat exchanger and is parallel to a flow of the third heat exchange medium inside third tubes forming the third heat exchanger.

US Pat. No. 10,143,770

PHOTOCATALYTIC APPARATUS AND HVAC EQUIPMENT FOR VEHICLE COMPRISING SAME

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. A photocatalytic apparatus, comprising:a body;
a light source part including an LED and a substrate to which the LED is fixed to irradiate ultraviolet light and fixed to the body;
a catalytic part generating a photocatalytic reaction by light irradiated from the light source part while being fixed to the body to produce peroxygen radicals and including a cylindrical carrier and a coating layer fixed to the carrier in which a catalyst liquefied in a gel state by adding a co-catalyst and an acidic additive is carried; and
a heat radiating part provided in the light source part to emit heat generated from the light source part.

US Pat. No. 10,138,890

ELECTRIC COMPRESSOR AND METHOD OF FORMING OIL SEPARATOR OF ELECTRIC COMPRESSOR

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. An electric compressor comprising:a housing having a discharge chamber formed therein, the discharge chamber configured to receive a refrigerant therein;
an oil separator disposed in the discharge chamber, wherein the oil separator is an oil separator housing defining a chamber separate from the discharge chamber, the oil separator including a refrigerant inlet hole configured to convey the refrigerant from the discharge chamber to the oil separator, a foreign substance storage part configured to store foreign substances contained in the refrigerant conveyed through the refrigerant inlet hole, and an opening configured to convey an oil separated from the refrigerant from the oil separator, wherein the foreign substance storage part is formed in a lower end of the oil separator; and
a filter unit disposed in the housing in a space exterior to the oil separator housing for filtering the foreign substances contained in the refrigerant, wherein the foreign substance storage part is disposed lower than the filter unit, and wherein the opening directly connects the oil separator to the filter unit and conveys the oil overflowing the foreign substance storage part from the oil separator to the filter unit.

US Pat. No. 10,132,666

APPARATUS FOR MEASURING INTERIOR TEMPERATURE OF VEHICLE USING 3D THERMAL IMAGE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. A method for measuring interior temperature of a vehicle using a three-dimensional thermal image, comprising the steps of:providing a pair of stereo infrared sensors spaced apart from each other and disposed in a front of an interior of the vehicle;
measuring two-dimensional thermal images of the interior of the vehicle with the pair of stereo infrared sensors;
providing a controller and a calculator in communication with the pair of stereo infrared sensors;
converting the two-dimensional thermal images measured by the pair of stereo infrared sensors into a three-dimensional thermal image by the calculator;
calibrating a temperature value of the three-dimensional thermal image converted by the calculator according to a plurality of temperature variables by the controller; and
calibrating a first temperature value measured by the pair of stereo infrared sensors at a specific coordinate of the interior of the vehicle to a second temperature value by the controller if a distance from the pair of stereo infrared sensors to the specific coordinate of the interior of the vehicle is one of equal to and greater than a predetermined distance, and wherein the second temperature value is greater than the first temperature value.

US Pat. No. 10,131,202

AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM FOR HYBRID VEHICLES

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. An air conditioning system for hybrid vehicles, comprising:a control unit configured to re-operate an engine when an engine cooling water temperature is reduced to a lower limit value or less after entry into a motor drive mode, and configured to stop the engine if when the engine cooling water temperature is increased to an upper limit value or more; and
an injected air temperature detection unit configured to detect a vehicle room injection air temperature, wherein the vehicle room injection air temperature is an actual temperature of air injected into a vehicle room;
wherein the control unit controls the vehicle room injection air temperature so that the vehicle room injection air temperature is converged toward a target air injection temperature using a compensation value between the target air injection temperature and the vehicle room injection air temperature measured by the injected air temperature detection unit,
wherein the control unit is configured to change the upper limit value and the lower limit value according to the target air injection temperature, wherein the target air injection temperature is calculated using an internal temperature condition or an external temperature condition and a user-set temperature so that, in the motor drive mode, a re-operation time point of the engine is actively changed according to the target air injection temperature,
wherein the control unit is configured, in the motor drive mode, to re-operate the engine according to an opening position of a temperature door, and
wherein the control unit is configured, in the motor drive mode, to re-operate the engine only when the target air injection temperature is equal to or higher than a value obtained by adding a predetermined temperature compensation value to the vehicle room injection air temperature, even when the engine cooling water temperature is reduced to the lower limit value or less.

US Pat. No. 10,128,667

DC/DC CONVERTER WITH CAPACITOR VOLTAGE BALANCING

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. A method for a voltage balancing of series connected capacitors, the method comprising the steps of:providing at least two series connected capacitors of a series circuit, each of the capacitors connected to a power supply voltage; and
applying a high voltage across the series circuit, wherein the voltage balancing is accomplished by the steps:
at least partial discharging a first one of the capacitors or a second one of the capacitors across a first winding or a second winding of a transformer, wherein each of the first winding and the second winding is a primary winding of the transformer disposed on a primary side of the transformer; and
inducing a current by action of the transformer in the second winding or the first winding to charge the second one of the capacitors or the first one of the capacitors as a charging current;
providing a rectifier diode, a storage capacitor, and a resistor electrically connected with a secondary winding disposed at a secondary side of the transformer; and
transforming energy from the primary side of the transformer to the secondary side of the transformer with switching of the first one of the capacitors or the second one of the capacitors.

US Pat. No. 10,119,542

ELECTRIC COMPRESSOR

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. An electric compressor comprising:a compressor housing including a driving unit and a compression unit for compressing a coolant;
an inverter disposed at a side of the compressor housing; and
a cover disposed at a side of the inverter, wherein the cover includes:
a body;
a side wall extending inwardly from the body and formed along an edge of the body;
a plurality of fastening holes formed through the body to fasten the cover to the compressor housing;
a plurality of straight ribs formed on an inner side or an outer side of the body and extending toward a center of the inner side or the outer side of the body from the fastening holes; and
a plurality of ring ribs formed on the inner side or the outer side of the body and connected to a portion of the straight ribs close to the fastening holes to surround the fastening holes.

US Pat. No. 10,112,461

PHOTOCATALYST DEVICE AND AIR CONDITIONER FOR VEHICLE HAVING THE SAME

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. A photocatalyst device comprising:a body;
a first light source part including a substrate and an LED coupled to the substrate, the first light source part configured to irradiate ultraviolet light;
a catalyst part coupled to the body, the catalyst part configured to conduct a photocatalytic reaction with the ultraviolet light irradiated by the first light source part to generate a plurality of superoxygen radicals; and
a heat radiating part disposed on the first light source part, the heat radiating part configured to radiate the heat generated by the first light source part, wherein the heat radiating part includes a first radiating fin member disposed on a first side of the substrate, the first radiating fin member extending from the substrate in a direction toward the catalyst part.

US Pat. No. 10,106,111

HINGER HTR TUBE BRACKET

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. A fastening element for holding fluid conduit ends of a motor vehicle air conditioning system on an air conditioning system housing in a region of a conduit interface, the fastening element comprising:a first U-shaped conduit clamping region formed between two opposing U-leg regions connected to one another by a curved or straight U-shaped base region configured to hold a first fluid conduit end and a second fluid conduit end oriented with a first axis and a second axis perpendicular to a longitudinal direction of the first U-shaped conduit clamping region and clamped into the first U-shaped conduit clamping region, wherein a first pivotable spacer is connected as an integrated component of the fastening element to a first one of the U-leg regions by a film hinge and at least partially fills or bridges the first U-shaped conduit clamping region by a pivoting movement in a direction of a second one of the U-leg regions, the first spacer defining a space between the first fluid conduit end and the second fluid conduit end respectively aligned with the first axis and the second axis perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of the first U-shaped conduit clamping region, the first fluid conduit end and the second fluid conduit end arranged one behind the other in the longitudinal direction of the first U-shaped conduit clamping region.

US Pat. No. 10,214,075

AIR CONDITIONER FOR VEHICLE

Hanon Systems, Daejeon (...

1. An air conditioner for a vehicle comprising:a scroll case which is disposed at an inlet of an air-conditioning case and has a centrifugal fan mounted therein;
an intake duct which is combined to one side of the scroll case in an axial direction of the centrifugal fan and has inside air inflow ports and an outside air inflow port to introduce inside air and outside air; and
an intake door which is rotatably mounted inside the intake duct through a rotary shaft to open and close the inside air inflow ports and the outside air inflow port,
wherein an opening of the intake duct is combined at one side of the scroll case and the inside air inflow ports and the outside air inflow port are formed in the outer circumferential surface of the intake duct to be spaced apart from each other in the circumferential direction,
wherein the intake door has a hollow cylindrical door part formed as an opening to open and close the inside air inflow ports and the outside air inflow port according to rotational angles, and
wherein a first inside air intake hole is formed in a side of the intake duct and a second inside air intake hole is formed in a side of the intake door, and
wherein in the outside air inflow mode the outside air inflow port is opened by the intake door, inside air existing outside the intake duct is inhaled into the intake door when the first inside air intake hole and the second inside air intake hole overlap with each other.

US Pat. No. 10,160,290

MODULAR DESIGNED HIGH PERFORMANCE HEAT PUMP SYSTEM FOR A VEHICLE WITH LOW WASTE HEAT RADIATION

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. An air conditioning system for conditioning air of a passenger compartment of a motor vehicle, the air conditioning system operable in a cooling mode, a heat pump mode, and a reheating mode, the air conditioning system comprising:an enclosure with a first flow channel and a second flow channel conducting air, the first flow channel including a first cold air flow path extending through the first flow channel to the passenger compartment and a second cold air flow path extending through the first flow channel to surroundings of the enclosure; and
a refrigerant circulation system including a heat exchanger operable as an evaporator, a heat exchanger operable as a condenser, the heat exchanger operable as the evaporator and the heat exchanger operable as the condenser located inside the enclosure, the refrigerant circulation system further including a heat exchanger located outside of the enclosure and inside of a refrigerant path, and an expansion element disposed in the refrigerant circulation system upstream from the heat exchanger operable as the evaporator in a flow direction of a refrigerant, wherein the refrigerant circulation system includes a first bypass positioned parallel to the refrigerant path to channel the refrigerant around the heat exchanger located outside of the enclosure as needed, wherein the second cold air flow path includes an air flow device for opening and closing between a fully open or a fully closed position during the reheating mode, and wherein the air flow device of the second cold air flow path is closed in the cooling mode and the heat pump mode.

US Pat. No. 10,151,277

HIGH AND LOW PRESSURE EGR WITH A COMMON VALVE HOUSING

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejoen (...

1. An air ducting device for air ducting of an internal combustion engine in a motor vehicle having a turbocharger arranged between an exhaust gas line for the expansion of exhaust gas exiting the internal combustion engine and an intake line for compression of intake air to be delivered to the internal combustion engine, the air ducting device comprising:a housing;
a high pressure flow pathway with a first valve, the high pressure flow pathway branching the intake line downstream from a compressor side of the turbocharger in a flow direction of the intake air to the exhaust gas line between the internal combustion engine and upstream from a turbine side of the turbocharger in a flow direction of the exhaust gas;
a low pressure flow pathway with a second valve, the low pressure flow pathway branching from the exhaust gas line downstream from the turbine side of the turbocharger in the flow direction of the exhaust gas to the intake line upstream of the compressor side of the turbocharger in the flow direction of the intake air;
a first flow pathway of the low pressure flow pathway branching the intake line upstream of the compressor side of the turbocharger in the flow direction of the intake air to a mouth region of the first flow pathway;
a second flow pathway of the high pressure flow pathway having a third valve and extending from the first valve to the mouth region of the first flow pathway;
a third flow pathway of the low pressure flow pathway having a fourth valve and extending from the second valve to the mouth region of the first flow pathway, the second flow pathway and the third flow pathway merging in the mouth region of the first flow pathway; and
an exhaust gas heat exchanger, wherein at least a portion of each of the high pressure flow pathway, the low pressure flow pathway, the first flow pathway, the second flow pathway, the third flow pathway, and the exhaust gas heat exchanger is integrated within the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,145,491

SIDE LOAD FREE EGR VALVE ACTUATION

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. A device for converting a rotational motion of a valve element into a translational motion of same with:a valve element bearing-supported such that it is translationally movable along a translation axis,
a cam element with a cam curvature, wherein the cam element is rotatable about an axis of rotation,
wherein connected to the valve element is a stem by means of which the valve element can be moved translationally along the translation axis and which comprises an engagement element which is in engagement with the cam curvature,
wherein the engagement element is braced from two sides of the cam element through the stem,
wherein by rotation of the cam element about the axis of rotation the engagement element is guided along the cam curvature such that the stem executes a translational motion whereby the valve element executes a translational motion,
wherein the cam element is implemented unitarily with a toothed wheel element which is coupled with a motor such that the cam element can be rotated about the axis of rotation through the motor, and
wherein the axis of rotation of the cam element is disposed between the coupling point of the toothed wheel element and the motor and the cam curvature.

US Pat. No. 10,137,760

PTC HEATER FOR VEHICLE

Hanon Systems, Daejeon (...

1. A positive temperature coefficient (PTC) heater for a vehicle, which is inserted and mounted in a plurality of passageways formed inside an air-conditioning case to heat air flowing in the passageways, the PTC heater comprising:a housing inserted and mounted across the passageways of the air-conditioning case; and
a core part formed by a plurality of cores respectively arranged on the passageways inside the housing,
wherein the PTC heater independently controls the cores arranged on the passageways to independently heat airs respectively flowing in the passageways,
wherein the passageways are formed with a first passageway and a second passageway which are formed inside the air-conditioning case, and wherein the cores are formed with a firs core arranged on the first passageway and a second core arranged on the second passageway,
wherein a heat protection member for preventing heat transfer between the first core and the second core is mounted between the first core and the second core,
wherein the heat protection member includes at least one bypass hole to make some of the air passing through the PTC heater bypass the first core and the second core.

US Pat. No. 10,097,062

ELECTRICAL IMPLEMENTATION UNIT HAVING A CONICAL CONTACT SURFACE ENGAGING A CONICAL BOREHOLE FORMED IN A HOUSING OF AN ELECTRICAL COMPONENT

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. An electrical device comprising:a housing (5) having a wall with a borehole formed therein, wherein an entirety of the borehole is conical in shape;
an electrical feed-through unit (7) for penetration of electrical contacts through the wall of the housing (5), the electrical feed-through unit (7) having a pin (9) made of an electrically conducting material surrounded by an electrically insulating sheath (10), the pin (9) including a contact surface contacting the sheath (10), wherein the electrical feed-through unit (7) is arranged with the sheath (10) surrounding the pin (9) within the borehole, characterized in that an entirety of the contact surface of the pin (9) disposed within the borehole is conical in shape.

US Pat. No. 10,215,508

HEADER TANK RIB DESIGN FOR A HEAT EXCHANGER

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. A tank for a heat exchanger, the tank comprising:a casing including a hollow interior, a foot of the casing forming an outwardly extending flange around a perimeter of an opening providing access to the hollow interior, wherein oppositely arranged walls of the casing meet at a spine of the casing and wherein each of the oppositely arranged walls includes a neutral stress portion formed between the foot of the casing and the spine of the casing, wherein the neutral stress portion is a portion of each of the oppositely arranged walls subjected to a minimal stress when a fluid disposed within the casing applies an internal pressure to the casing, wherein each of the oppositely arranged walls includes a plurality of outwardly projecting ribs formed in an outer surface thereof to form a corrugated profile in each of the oppositely arranged walls adjacent the foot of the casing with each of the ribs terminating at a distal end thereof spaced from the foot, and wherein each of the oppositely arranged walls transitions from the corrugated profile adjacent the foot of the casing to a substantially linear profile along the corresponding neutral stress portion.

US Pat. No. 10,215,509

COINED HEADER FOR HEAT EXCHANGER

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. A header for a heat exchanger comprising:a header frame defining an opening and including a base portion circumscribing a perimeter thereof, a mounting tab extending from the base portion, and an outer surface, the mounting tab configured to bend inwardly with respect to the header frame, wherein a plurality of coupling features is formed on the mounting tab and extends outwardly from the mounting tab, each of the coupling features is an enclosed cavity, the cavity is defined by a sidewall extending laterally outwardly from the mounting tab and an end wall extending between the sidewall and the base portion, the sidewall of the cavity defines a receiving surface facing the base portion, and wherein the receiving surface is disposed at an angle with respect to an inner surface of the end wall; and
a deformation feature formed on the header frame and configured to facilitate bending of the mounting tab, wherein the deformation feature is formed at an interface of the mounting tab and the base portion.

US Pat. No. 10,207,568

HEATER FOR MOTOR VEHICLE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. A heater for a motor vehicle comprising:a heat source part;
a heat source part rod including a rod sidewall and a rod cover which receives the heat source part;
a first heat radiating plate including a first heat generation region and a first air movement region, the first air movement region having at least one first air through-hole, which has a slit-shape with a line direction, formed therein, the heat source part disposed on a first side of the first heat radiating plate, and the rod sidewall formed integrally with the first heat radiating plate; and
a second heat radiating plate including a second heat generation region and a second air movement region, the second air movement region having at least one second air through-hole formed therein,
wherein the heat source part is disposed between the first heat radiating plate and the second heat radiating plate, and
wherein the second air through-hole, which has a slit shape with a line direction, is disposed so that the line direction of the second air through-hole intersects the line direction of the first air through-hole when viewed in a direction of air movement,
wherein the heat source part includes a positive temperature coefficient device, an electrode plate electrically contacting the positive temperature coefficient device, and an insulating guide member insulating the positive temperature coefficient device and the electrode plate from the rod sidewall,
wherein the insulating guide member is formed in a tube shape with a slit-shaped electrode plate receiver into which the electrode plate is inserted, the slit-shaped electrode plate receiver is a hollow inner space of the insulating guide member, and
wherein the insulating guide member has an opening part penetrating through surfaces of the tube shape, wherein the slit-shaped electrode plate receiver communicates with the opening part, and the positive temperature coefficient device is inserted into the opening part, wherein the positive temperature coefficient device is electrically contacting the electrode plate.

US Pat. No. 10,202,019

HVAC BLOWER

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon-s...

1. An HVAC system for a motor vehicle comprising:a housing having a first portion disposed in an interior of the motor vehicle and a second portion disposed in an engine compartment of the motor vehicle, the housing having a length greater than a width, the housing disposed with the length substantially parallel to a longitudinal axis of the motor vehicle;
a blower assembly disposed within the second portion of the housing, wherein a wall is disposed between the blower assembly and the interior of the motor vehicle;
a fresh air cowl in fluid communication with the blower assembly, the fresh air cowl providing fluid communication between an exterior of the motor vehicle and the blower assembly to facilitate a flow of fresh air through the HVAC system, the fresh air cowl disposed above the blower assembly;
a conduit providing fluid communication between the fresh air cowl and the blower assembly, the conduit including a first portion through which the fresh air flows in a direction towards a front end of the motor vehicle and a second portion through which the fresh air flows in a direction towards a rear end of the motor vehicle, the second portion of the conduit leading into the blower assembly;
an evaporator disposed in the first portion of the housing downstream of the blower; and
a heater core disposed in the first portion of the housing downstream of the evaporator, wherein the conduit includes a 180 degree bend formed therein between the first portion of the conduit and the second portion of the conduit.

US Pat. No. 10,205,354

BRUSHLESS MOTOR HAVING A STATOR WITH TEETH SHAPED TO REDUCE COGGING TORQUE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. A brushless motor comprising:a rotor in which a permanent magnet is provided on an inner circumferential surface of a rotor core; and
a stator in which a tooth is provided on an end of a stator core around which a coil is wound, wherein the tooth includes a facing surface which faces the permanent magnet, wherein a planar top surface part having a shape different from a shape of the facing surface is formed on the facing surface, the top surface part extending from a center line of the tooth in opposite directions therefrom, wherein a distance between the top surface part and an inner circumferential surface of the permanent magnet is substantially constant along the top surface part, wherein a distance between the facing surface and the inner circumferential surface of the permanent magnet is gradually increased from directly adjacent the top surface part to opposing ends of the facing surface, and wherein a slope of the facing surface from directly adjacent the top surface part to the opposing ends of the facing surface is constant.

US Pat. No. 10,205,366

ELECTRIC COMPRESSOR

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. An electric compressor comprising:an inverter cover (100) mounted to an outer surface of a compressor housing (2) in which compression of refrigerant is implemented;
a printed circuit board (200) disposed inside the inverter cover (100) and mounted with a plurality of heat generating elements (202) that come into surface contact with one surface of the compressor housing (2) and perform heat transfer with low-temperature refrigerant supplied into the compressor housing (2); and
a fastening unit (300) fixed to the compressor housing (2) from an outside of the printed circuit board (200), wherein the fastening unit (300) includes:
a main body (310) having a first end inserted into the compressor housing (2) and a second end extending to an upper surface of a corresponding one of the heat generating elements (202), wherein the main body (310) has a first thermal conductivity; and
a cover body (320) configured to enclose an outer surface of the main body (310), the cover body (320) having a second thermal conductivity different from the first thermal conductivity of the main body (310).

US Pat. No. 10,174,847

SAW TOOTH DESIGN FOR CONTROL DAMPER

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. An arrangement for a housing of an air-handling unit comprising:a first control damper disposed in a passageway of the housing and rotatable about a first rotational axis, the first control damper having a sealing element extending radially outwardly from the first rotational axis in a first direction, wherein the sealing element includes a resilient lip having a series of undulations formed therein, wherein the sealing element includes a first sub-region and a second sub-region, and wherein the first sub-region is disposed intermediate the first rotational axis and the second sub-region; and
a second control damper disposed in the passageway and rotatable about a second rotational axis, the second rotational axis parallel to the first rotational axis, the second control damper including a seal face extending radially outwardly from the second rotational axis in a second direction, the second direction opposite the first direction, wherein the resilient lip and the second sub-region of the first control damper contact the seal face of the second control damper in a closed position of the first control damper and the second control damper, and wherein the resilient lip of the first control damper contacts the seal face of the second control damper before the second sub-region of the first control damper contacts the seal face of the second control damper.

US Pat. No. 10,170,961

BLOWER MOTOR OF HVAC SYSTEM FOR VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A blower motor of a heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) system for a vehicle, comprising:a base including an introduction path to introduce air into the base and a substrate having a plurality of elements attached to the substrate; and
a heat sink formed to have a plate shape being in surface contact with one surface of the substrate and having a contact surface contacting the air introduced through the introduction path, and configured to guide the introduced air to heat generation parts formed on the contact surface.

US Pat. No. 10,150,350

VEHICLE HEAT EXCHANGER

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. A heat exchanger for a vehicle, comprising:an upper header tank comprising a first row upper space, a second row upper space, and an upper intermediate space having first and second communication holes and formed therebetween;
a lower header tank comprising a first row lower space, a second row lower space, and a lower intermediate space having first and second communication holes and formed therebetween;
a first row heat exchanger formed by connecting the first row upper space to the first row lower space using a plurality of tubes;
a second row heat exchanger formed by connecting the second row upper space to the second row lower space using a plurality of tubes; and
a plurality of baffles installed in the first row upper space, the second row upper space, the first row lower space, and the second row lower space to form refrigerant passes, wherein:
a parallel flow is formed in which a refrigerant is distributed to the first row heat exchanger and the second row heat exchanger; and
a counter flow is formed in which the refrigerant flowing from an introduction port to a discharge port flows in opposite directions in each of the first row heat exchanger and the second row heat exchanger.

US Pat. No. 10,151,231

MANIFOLD INTEGRATED INTERCOOLER WITH STRUCTURAL CORE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. A heat exchanger for a motor vehicle comprising:an inlet tank configured to receive air from an air circuit of the motor vehicle;
a heat exchange assembly exchanging heat between the air and a coolant;
an outlet tank configured to directly couple to an engine block of the motor vehicle and convey the air to the engine block, the outlet tank having at least two openings formed therein, each of the openings configured to communicate with corresponding cylinders of the engine block of the motor vehicle, the heat exchange assembly disposed intermediate the inlet tank and the outlet tank;
a first header disposed intermediate the heat exchange assembly and the inlet tank; and
a second header disposed intermediate the outlet tank and the heat exchange assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,144,267

MODE DOOR WITH INTEGRATED STRATIFICATION FEATURES

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. A device for guiding air for an air conditioning system of a motor vehicle, the air conditioning system including a first air outlet and a second air outlet arranged near the device, the device comprising: a first air channel formed within a volume enclosed by the device, the first air channel extending continuously from a first inlet of the volume to a first outlet of the volume, the device continuously slidable along a curvilinear direction between a first end position closing the first air outlet and a second end position closing the second air outlet; and a second air channel arranged separately from the first air channel within the volume, the second air channel extending continuously from a second inlet of the volume to a second outlet of the volume, wherein the air flows both through the first air channel and around a first end of the device to the first air outlet, and through the second air channel and around a second end of the device to the second air outlet, when the device is slidably positioned intermediate to the first and second end positions, wherein the device includes an upper side and a lower side spaced apart from each other in a vertical direction y, wherein the first air channel extends from the upper side of the device to the lower side of the device, and wherein the first inlet is formed on the upper side of the device and the first outlet is formed on the lower side of the device.

US Pat. No. 10,132,332

BLOWER UNIT OF AIR CONDITIONER FOR VEHICLE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. A blower unit of an air conditioner for a vehicle which includes a blower case having an inside air inlet for introducing inside air and an outside air inlet for introducing outside air, a blower wheel disposed inside the blower case and rotated by a blower motor, and an air filter disposed at the upstream side of the blower wheel in an air flow direction to filter impurities,wherein the air filter includes a main filter part corresponding to an air intake area and auxiliary filter parts which are formed in a laterally outside direction relative to the air intake area;
wherein the blower case extends laterally outward relative to the air intake area so that it has an area (C) that provides the location of the auxiliary filter parts.

US Pat. No. 10,215,459

VEHICLE CONDENSER

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. A vehicle condenser comprising:a pair of header tanks (10, 20) installed so as to be spaced transversely apart from each other;
a plurality of tubes (30) stacked so as to be spaced longitudinally apart from each other while both ends of each of the tubes are inserted into the header tanks (10, 20);
a plurality of radiation fins (40) installed between the tubes (30); and
a pair of supports (50, 60) installed such that one surface of each of the supports comes into contact with an associated outermost one of the radiation fins (40) while both ends of each of the supports are inserted into the header tanks (10, 20), wherein each of the supports (50, 60) comprises:
a body part (100) extending transversely;
an embossing part (200) protruding from another surface of the body part (100) which does not come into contact with the radiation fins (40); and
coupling parts (300) extending outward from both tips (120) of the body part (100), each of the coupling parts (300) including a fork portion (320) and a notch portion (310), wherein the notch portion (310) is formed by inwardly cutting out of the body part (100) from a tip (321) of the fork portion of each of the coupling parts (300) to locate the notch portion (310) on a central axis line (110) of the body part (100), wherein the notch portion (310) is tapered wherein a width (W) thereof is gradually reduced at a constant rate toward an inside end (311) along an entire length of the notch portion (310) from the tip (321) of the fork portion (320) to the inside end (311) of the notch portion (310), wherein the fork portion (320) is inserted into a support insertion hole (13, 23) formed in a corresponding one of the header tanks (10, 20), and wherein the inside end (311) of the notch portion (310) is disposed externally to and at a distance from the corresponding one of the header tanks (10, 20) when the fork portion (320) is inserted into the support insertion hole (13, 23) of the corresponding one of the header tanks (10, 20).

US Pat. No. 10,167,759

INTEGRATION OF EXHAUST GAS RECIRCULATION (EGR), EXHAUST HEAT RECOVERY (EHRS), OIL THERMAL CONDITIONING AND LATENT HEAT STORAGE IN A COMPLETE EXHAUST THERMAL MANAGEMENT MODULE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. A thermoregulation system comprising:an exhaust-gas outlet for discharging an exhaust gas from an engine;
an engine gas inlet;
a coolant-conducting circuit conducting a coolant to cool the engine, the coolant-conducting circuit further comprising a latent-heat storage unit receiving heat from or transferring heat to the coolant;
a first heat exchanger arranged in an exhaust-gas recycling circuit exchanging heat between the exhaust gas and the coolant;
a second heat exchanger arranged between the latent-heat storage unit and the first heat exchanger;
at least one valve controlling a flow of the coolant;
a first branch bypassing the first heat exchanger leading from a first branching point arranged between the exhaust-gas outlet of the engine and the first heat exchanger;
a first valve disposed at the first branching point;
a second branch conducting the exhaust gas to an exhaust leading from a second branching point after the first heat exchanger; and
a second valve disposed at the second branching point, at least one of the first valve of the first branching point of the first branch and the second valve of the second branching point of the second branch controlling a heat exchange in the first heat exchanger by adjusting the first valve and the second valve to control a flow of the exhaust gas through the first heat exchanger.

US Pat. No. 10,167,858

DOUBLE-HEADED SWASH TYPE COMPRESSOR AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING CYLINDER BLOCK

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. A double-headed swash compressor comprising:a cylinder block including an annular array of piston bores formed through the cylinder block, a plurality of pistons reciprocatingly received in the piston bores, a suction space formed in the cylinder block, and a shaft bore formed through the cylinder block, the shaft bore communicating with a plurality of refrigerant supply holes formed in the cylinder block, the plurality of refrigerant supply holes communicating with a plurality of compression chambers defined by the piston bores and the plurality of pistons;
a first housing coupled to a first side of the cylinder block;
a second housing coupled to a second side of the cylinder block;
a shaft received in the shaft bore, the shaft including a passage formed in the shaft configured to receive a refrigerant, a refrigerant introduction hole in fluid communication with the suction space and configured to introduce the refrigerant into the passage, and a refrigerant discharge hole configured to discharge the refrigerant from the passage;
a swash plate coupled to the shaft in an oblique position with respect to the shaft, the swash plate operatively coupled to the plurality of pistons; and
a journal bearing disposed between an inner peripheral surface of the shaft bore and an outer peripheral surface of the shaft, the journal bearing formed entirety from a porous sintered material,
wherein the outer peripheral surface of the shaft is spaced apart from the inner peripheral surface of the shaft bore by a first distance (a) when the shaft is inserted into the shaft bore, and wherein oil contained in the refrigerant is introduced into or stored in a space defined by the distance (a) between the outer peripheral surface of the shaft and the inner peripheral surface of the shaft bore so that an oil film is formed on the shaft.