US Pat. No. 9,816,316

COATED ARTICLE WITH IR REFLECTING LAYER AND METHOD OF MAKING SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. An IG window unit including a coating supported by a glass substrate, the coating from the glass substrate outwardly comprising
at least the following:
a dielectric layer of Si3N4;

a high index layer having a refractive index of at least 2.1;
another dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride;
a layer comprising zinc oxide;
an infrared (IR) reflecting layer comprising silver on the glass substrate, located over and directly contacting the layer
comprising zinc oxide, wherein the coating includes only one IR reflecting layer;

an overcoat comprising (i) a layer comprising tin oxide and (ii) a layer comprising silicon nitride located over and contacting
the layer comprising tin oxide;

wherein the IG unit has an SHGC value of at least 0.65, a visible transmission of at least 70%, and an Energy Rating of at
least 25;

wherein the coating does not contain any titanium oxide based layer located over the IR reflecting layer; and
wherein said glass substrate is an interior glass substrate, the IG unit further comprising an exterior glass substrate to
be located adjacent an exterior of a building in which the IG unit is provided, wherein the coating is provided on a surface
of the interior glass substrate facing a gap between the interior and exterior glass substrates, and wherein the IG is configured
to have, as viewed from an exterior of the building, a reflective a* value of from about ?4 to 0 and a reflective b* value
of from about ?1 to +2.5.

US Pat. No. 9,845,261

METHOD OF MAKING HEAT TREATED COATED ARTICLE USING CARBON BASED COATING AND PROTECTIVE FILM

Centre Luxembourgeois de ...

1. A method of making a heat treated coated article, the method comprising:
heat treating a coated glass substrate, the coated glass substrate comprising, prior to the heat treating, a glass substrate,
a layer comprising diamond-like carbon (DLC) on the glass substrate, and a protective film on the glass substrate over at
least the layer comprising DLC, wherein the protective film includes a release layer and an oxygen barrier layer, the release
layer and the oxygen barrier layer being of different material, and wherein the release layer comprises zinc oxynitride ZnOxNz where a nitrogen to oxygen ratio z/x in the release layer is from 0.77 to 1.0;

during said heat treating of the coated glass substrate with the layer comprising DLC and the protective film thereon, the
protective film prevents significant burnoff of the layer comprising DLC, and wherein the heat treating comprises heating
the glass substrate to temperature(s) sufficient for thermal tempering, heat strengthening, and/or heat bending; and

exposing the protective film to a release liquid and removing at least part of the protective film during and/or after said
heat treating.

US Pat. No. 9,802,860

COATED ARTICLE INCLUDING LOW-EMISSIVITY COATING, INSULATING GLASS UNIT INCLUDING COATED ARTICLE, AND/OR METHODS OF MAKING THE SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A heat treated coated article including a low-E coating, comprising:
a glass substrate, and the low-E coating of the heat treated coated article including the following layers moving from the
glass substrate outwardly:

at least one first dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride;
a first layer comprising Ni and Ti on and contacting the first dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride;
an IR reflecting layer comprising Ag on and contacting the first layer comprising Ni and Ti;
a second layer that is metallic and comprising Ni and Ti on and contacting the IR reflecting layer comprising Ag, wherein
each of the first and second layers comprising Ni and Ti comprise with respect to metal content from about 5 to 20% Ni and
from about 80-95% Ti;

another dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride on the glass substrate over at least the second layer comprising Ni and
Ti;

wherein the coating has a sheet resistance of less than or equal to about 1.2 ohms/sq.;
wherein the coated article has a visible transmission of at least about 65%; and
wherein the low-E coating contains only one IR reflecting layer comprising silver.

US Pat. No. 9,863,182

ARTICLES INCLUDING ANTICONDENSATION AND/OR LOW-E COATINGS AND/OR METHODS OF MAKING THE SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A window comprising:
first and second glass substrates, wherein the window is configured so that the first glass substrate is to be located closer
to an interior of a structure to which the window is to be mounted than is the second glass substrate;

a coating supported by the first glass substrate, wherein the coating comprises the following thin-film layers moving away
from the first glass substrate:

a first layer comprising silicon nitride located on and directly contacting the glass substrate;
a layer comprising an oxide of titanium located on the glass substrate over at least the first layer comprising silicon nitride,
wherein the first layer comprising silicon nitride is substantially thicker than is the layer comprising the oxide of titanium;

a second layer comprising silicon nitride located over the layer comprising the oxide of titanium;
a transparent conductive layer comprising indium tin oxide (ITO) located over and directly contacting the second layer comprising
silicon nitride,

a third layer comprising silicon nitride located over and directly contacting the transparent conductive layer comprising
indium tin oxide (ITO), and

a protective layer comprising zirconium oxide located over and directly contacting the third layer comprising silicon nitride,
and wherein the coating does not contain any silver-based layer.

US Pat. No. 9,751,801

COATED ARTICLE INCLUDING LOW-EMISSIVITY COATING INSULATING GLASS UNIT INCLUDING COATED ARTICLE, AND/OR METHODS OF MAKING THE SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A method of making an insulated glass (IG) unit including a coated article including a coating supported by a glass substrate,
the method comprising making the coated article via steps comprising:
disposing at least one first dielectric layer on the substrate;
disposing a first layer comprising Ag on the at least one first dielectric layer;
disposing at least one second dielectric layer over the first layer comprising Ag;
disposing a second layer comprising Ag on the at least one second dielectric layer;
disposing a first layer comprising Ni and Ti over and contacting the second layer comprising Ag;
disposing at least one third dielectric layer on the first layer comprising Ni and Ti;
disposing a third layer comprising Ag on the at least one third dielectric layer;
disposing a second layer comprising Ni and Ti over and contacting the third layer comprising Ag;
disposing at least one fourth dielectric layer on the second layer comprising Ni and Ti; and
wherein each of the first and second layers comprising Ni and Ti has a metal content of from about 10-30% Ni and from about
70-90% Ti
and making the IG unit via steps comprising:
providing the coated article made in accordance with the above recited steps;
positioning a second substrate in substantially parallel spaced apart relation to the coated article so as to form a gap therebetween;
providing an edge seal between the coated article and the second substrate,
wherein the coating of the coated article is provided on surface 2 or surface 3 of the IG unit; and

wherein the IG unit has a LSG of greater than or equal to 2.15.

US Pat. No. 9,859,840

MULTI-FUNCTIONAL PHOTOVOLTAIC SKYLIGHT AND/OR METHODS OF MAKING THE SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A window comprising:
first, second and third glass substrates arranged substantially in parallel and spaced apart from each other, the first substrate
to be located furthest from an interior of a building on which the window is to be mounted, the third substrate to be located
closest to the interior of the building, and the second substrate to be located between the first and third substrates, wherein
the window contains only three glass substrates, which are said first, second and third glass substrates;

a first gap between the first and second substrates, and a second gap between the second and third substrates;
wherein both of the gaps are filled with an inert gas;
a plurality of elongate solar cells supported by the second substrate; and
the first substrate comprising a lens array comprising a plurality of lenses oriented along a common axis, each said lens
being configured to concentrate light onto at least one of the elongate solar cells, the lens array being substantially parallel
to and spaced apart from the second substrate,

wherein at least one pocket is provided proximate an edge of the second substrate to allow lateral movement of the second
substrate, so that the second substrate, but not the first and third substrates, is configured for lateral movement in the
window; and

the window adapted to be arranged to permit some diffuse light incident thereon to pass therethrough and to cause direct light
to be focused onto the solar cells so that in a given mode (a) substantially only diffuse daylight not directly incident on
the window from the sun will be transmitted through the skylight into a building interior, and (b) direct sunlight that is
directly incident on the window at a normal angle from the sun will be substantially blocked from the building interior by
the window as the direct sunlight is absorbed by the solar cells.

US Pat. No. 9,772,434

COATED ARTICLE WITH LOW-E COATING HAVING ABSORBING LAYER OVER FUNCTIONAL LAYER DESIGNED TO INCREASE OUTSIDE REFLECTANCE

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A coated article including a coating supported by a glass substrate, the coating comprising:
a first transparent dielectric layer supported by the glass substrate;
a first layer comprising zinc oxide supported by the glass substrate and located over and directly contacting the first transparent
dielectric layer;

first and second infrared (IR) reflecting layers comprising silver, wherein the first IR reflecting layer is located closer
to the glass substrate than is the second IR reflecting layer, and wherein the first IR reflecting layer comprising silver
is located over and directly contacting the first layer comprising zinc oxide;

a substantially metallic absorption layer comprising from 0-10% oxygen (atomic %) and from 1-15% nitrogen (atomic %) located
over and directly contacting the first IR reflecting layer;

a layer comprising silicon nitride located over and directly contacting the substantially metallic absorption layer;
a second layer comprising zinc oxide located under at least the second IR reflecting layer and over at least the first IR
reflecting layer;

an oxided contact layer located over and directly contacting the second IR reflecting layer;
at least one dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride located over the second IR reflecting layer; and
wherein the coated article measured monolithically has a visible transmission of from 35-55% and a glass side visible reflectance
of at least 20%, and wherein the glass side visible reflectance is at least 5% higher than a film side visible reflectance
of the coated article.

US Pat. No. 10,125,047

METHOD OF STRENGTHENING GLASS BY PLASMA INDUCED ION EXCHANGES IN CONNECTION WITH TIN BATHS, AND ARTICLES MADE ACCORDING TO THE SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A method of making a glass substrate, comprising:striking a plasma in a tin bath section of a float line at least over a molten glass ribbon, the plasma acting as a positive electrode and the tin bath acting as a negative electrode;
forming the glass substrate, the glass substrate having a strength of at least 800 MPa;
wherein the plasma comprises replacement ions comprising at least one of Li+, K+ and Mg2+ that are deposited on the molten glass ribbon via pulsed voltage and a plurality of pulses of the AC electric field, wherein a first half-cycle of the AC electric field provides for deposition of ion species and a second half cycle of the AC electric field provides for deposition of electrons at a faster rate than does the first half-cycle, and the replacement ions are provided on the molten glass ribbon and are driven into the molten glass ribbon via the AC electric field.

US Pat. No. 10,072,456

ARTICLES INCLUDING ANTICONDENSATION AND/OR LOW-E COATINGS AND/OR METHODS OF MAKING THE SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A window comprising:first and second glass substrates, wherein the window is configured so that the first glass substrate is to be located closer to an interior of a structure to which the window is to be mounted than is the second glass substrate;
a coating supported by the first glass substrate, wherein the coating comprises the following layers moving away from the first glass substrate:
a first layer comprising silicon nitride located on the glass substrate;
a layer comprising metal oxide located on the glass substrate over at least the first layer comprising silicon nitride, wherein the first layer comprising silicon nitride is substantially thicker than is the layer comprising metal oxide;
a second layer comprising silicon nitride located over the layer comprising metal oxide;
a transparent conductive layer comprising indium tin oxide (ITO) located over and directly contacting the second layer comprising silicon nitride,
a third layer comprising silicon nitride located over and directly contacting the transparent conductive layer comprising indium tin oxide (ITO), and
a protective layer comprising metal oxide located over and directly contacting the third layer comprising silicon nitride,
wherein the coating does not contain any silver-based layer.

US Pat. No. 9,988,304

METHOD OF STRENGTHENING GLASS BY PLASMA INDUCED ION EXCHANGES IN CONNECTION WITH TIN BATHS, AND ARTICLES MADE ACCORDING TO THE SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A method of making a glass substrate, comprising:striking a plasma in a tin bath section of a float line at least over a molten glass ribbon, the plasma acting as a positive electrode and the tin bath acting as a negative electrode; and
driving sodium ions out of the molten glass ribbon and into the tin bath via an electric field created by the positive and negative electrodes and at least partially present in the molten glass ribbon, the electric field comprising an alternating current (AC) electric field between the positive and negative electrodes; and
forming the glass substrate, the glass substrate having less than 20 wt. % Na2O and having a strength of at least 800 MPa;
wherein the plasma comprises replacement ions comprising at least one of Li+, K+ and Mg+ that are deposited on the molten glass ribbon via pulsed voltage and a plurality of pulses of the AC electric field, wherein a first half-cycle of the AC electric field provides for deposition of ion species and a second half cycle of the AC electric field provides for deposition of electrons at a faster rate than does the first half-cycle, and the replacement ions are provided on the molten glass ribbon they are driven into the molten glass ribbon via the AC electric field.

US Pat. No. 9,919,961

COATED ARTICLE WITH LOW-E COATING HAVING ABSORBING LAYERS FOR LOW FILM SIDE REFLECTANCE AND LOW VISIBLE TRANSMISSION

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A coated article including a coating supported by a glass substrate, the coating comprising:
first and second infrared (IR) reflecting layers comprising silver, wherein said IR reflecting layers are spaced apart from
one another by at least one dielectric layer that is located therebetween, and wherein the first IR reflecting layer is located
closer to the glass substrate than is the second IR reflecting layer;

a first absorption layer comprising Zr located such that the first absorption layer is located between the glass substrate
and the first IR reflecting layer,

a second absorption layer comprising Zr located such that both the first and second IR reflecting layers are located between
the glass substrate and the second absorption layer,

wherein the first absorption layer and the second absorption layer are each sandwiched between and contacting dielectric layers;
wherein each of the first and second absorption layers comprises from 0-10% oxygen (atomic %) and from 1-15% nitrogen (atomic
%);

wherein the first absorption layer is at least 40 angstroms (?) thicker than the second absorption layer;
wherein no metallic absorption layer is located between the first and second IR reflecting layers comprising silver;
wherein said coated article has a visible transmission of from about 20-43%, measured monolithically; and
wherein, measured monolithically, the coated article has a visible film side reflectance (RfY) that is lower than its visible glass side reflectance (RgY).

US Pat. No. 9,914,661

ARTICLES INCLUDING ANTICONDENSATION AND/OR LOW-E COATINGS AND/OR METHODS OF MAKING THE SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A vehicle windshield comprising:
first and second glass substrates of the vehicle windshield;
wherein the first and second glass substrates of the vehicle windshield are coupled together;
a coating comprising a plurality of thin film layers provided on the first glass substrate, the plurality of thin film layers
including, in order moving away from the first glass substrate:

(a) a first dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride;
(b) a second dielectric layer comprising silicon oxynitride;
(c) a layer comprising indium-tin-oxide (ITO) 75-175 nm thick,
(d) a third dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride, and wherein the third dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride
is located over and directly contacting the layer comprising indium-tin-oxide so that the layer comprising indium-tin-oxide
is located between at least the first glass substrate and the third dielectric layer; and

(e) a layer comprising zirconium oxide, wherein the layer comprising zirconium oxide is an uppermost layer of the coating
and is the layer of the coating farthest from the first glass substrate;

wherein the coating is not located between the first and second glass substrates.

US Pat. No. 9,873,632

ARTICLES INCLUDING ANTICONDENSATION COATINGS AND/OR METHODS OF MAKING THE SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A laminated coated article, for use in a window, comprising:
a coating supported by a first glass substrate,
a second glass substrate,
wherein the first and second glass substrates are laminated,
wherein:
the coating comprises the following thin-film layers moving away from the first glass substrate:
a dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride;
a transparent conductive layer comprising indium tin oxide (ITO),
a silicon-inclusive contact layer located over and directly contacting the transparent conductive layer comprising indium
tin oxide (ITO),

a protective layer comprising oxygen and aluminum, the protective layer comprising oxygen and aluminum being located over
and directly contacting the silicon-inclusive contact layer;

wherein the protective layer comprising oxygen and aluminum is the outermost layer of the coating and is to be exposed to
an environment adjacent the window;

wherein the coating is disposed on a surface of the first glass substrate so that the first glass substrate is located between
the coating and the second glass substrate, and wherein the coating is not located between the first and second glass substrates,
and

wherein the coating has a hemispherical emissivity of less than 0.23 and a sheet resistance of less than 30 ohms/square.

US Pat. No. 9,776,910

VANADIUM-BASED FRIT MATERIALS, AND/OR METHODS OF MAKING THE SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...


 and
at least one additive;
melting the composition;
cooling the melted composition and/or allowing the melted composition to cool so as to form an intermediate glass article;
grinding the intermediate glass article in making the frit material; and
wherein the at least one additive comprises Nb2O5 and constitutes between about 2-8 wt. %.

US Pat. No. 10,023,494

COATED ARTICLE HAVING LOW-E COATING WITH ABSORBER LAYER(S)

Centre Luxembourgeois de ...

1. A blue colored coated article comprising a coating supported by a glass substrate, the coating comprising at least the following layers moving away from the glass substrate:a first dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride;
a first contact layer;
an IR reflecting layer comprising silver, wherein the coating has only one IR reflecting layer comprising silver;
a second contact layer, the first and second contact layers each directly contacting the IR reflecting layer;
a second dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride;
wherein at least one of the first and second dielectric layers comprising silicon nitride is split by an absorber layer comprising one or more of: Ni, Cr, NiCr, Nb, Zr, NbZr, Si, Ti, Zn, Sn, Cu, Al, V, Mn, Mo, Pd, Ta, W, In, InSn, and stainless steel so as to have first and second spaced apart layer portions comprising silicon nitride with the absorber layer comprising one or more of: Ni, Cr, NiCr, Nb, Zr, NbZr, Si, Ti, Zn, Sn, Cu, Al, V, Mn, Mo, Pd, Ta, W, In, InSn, and stainless steel directly therebetween, the absorber layer being provided so that coated article is blue colored; and
wherein the coated article has a visible transmission of no greater than 50% and blue glass side reflective color having an a*g color value of from ?3.0 to +1.0, a b*g color value of from ?19.0 to ?15.0, and a glass side visible reflectance (RgY) of from 15-30%, and wherein the coated article achieves these characteristics when having only one IR reflecting layer comprising silver.

US Pat. No. 9,994,481

METHOD OF MAKING HYDROPHOBIC COATED ARTICLE, COATED ARTICLE INCLUDING HYDROPHOBIC COATINGS, AND/OR SOL COMPOSITIONS FOR USE IN THE SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A method of making a coated article comprising a glass substrate supporting a coating, the method comprising:applying a sol on a major surface of the substrate, the sol comprising at least first and second alkylsiloxane chemicals and a plurality of silica nanoparticles, the first alkylsiloxane chemical comprising tetraethyl orthosilicate and the second alkylsiloxane chemical comprising a siloxane other than tetraethyl orthosilicate, wherein the tetraethyl orthosilicate and the second alkylsiloxane chemical comprising a siloxane other than tetraethyl orthosilicate are provided in weight percentages in the sol that differ from one another by no more than 5%; and
drying and/or curing the sol to form the coating, the coating having a root mean square roughness of 3-6.5 nm.

US Pat. No. 9,965,127

PROJECTED CAPACITIVE TOUCH PANEL WITH A SILVER-INCLUSIVE TRANSPARENT CONDUCTING LAYER(S)

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A touch panel, comprising:a glass substrate;
a multi-layer transparent conductive coating supported by the glass substrate, the multi-layer transparent conductive coating including at least one conductive layer comprising silver, a dielectric layer comprising zinc oxide under and directly contacting the conductive layer comprising silver, a layer comprising Ni and Cr located over and directly contacting the conductive layer comprising silver, and a dielectric layer over the layer comprising Ni and Cr,
a plurality of electrodes and a plurality of conductive traces, wherein the electrodes and the conductive traces comprise said multi-layer transparent conductive coating that includes the at least one conductive layer comprising silver, the dielectric layer comprising zinc oxide under and directly contacting the conductive layer comprising silver, the layer comprising Ni and Cr located over and directly contacting the conductive layer comprising silver, and the dielectric layer over the layer comprising Ni and Cr;
a processor for detecting touch position on the touch panel via the electrodes and traces; and
wherein the electrodes and the conductive traces are configured to be electrically connected to the processor.

US Pat. No. 9,935,211

BACK CONTACT STRUCTURE FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES SUCH AS COPPER-INDIUM-DISELENIDE SOLAR CELLS

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A back contact structure for use in a photovoltaic device, comprising:a substrate;
a first conductive back contact layer comprising Mo on the substrate;
a foundational seed layer comprising MoOx formed over said first conductive back contact layer, said foundational seed layer comprising MoOx being less conductive than said first conductive back contact layer comprising Mo, wherein a thickness of said foundational seed layer comprising MoOx is in a range selected from the group consisting of: from 35-45 nm, and from 60-70 nm, and wherein the first conductive back contact layer is located between at least the substrate and the foundational seed layer; and
wherein the foundational seed layer comprising MoOx is transformable, as a result of a selenization process, into a layer comprising MoSe2 having a thickness in a range selected from the group consisting of: from about 35-45 nm, and from about 60-70 nm.

US Pat. No. 9,845,943

HEAT MANAGEMENT SUBSYSTEMS FOR LED LIGHTING SYSTEMS, LED LIGHTING SYSTEMS INCLUDING HEAT MANAGEMENT SUBSYSTEMS, AND/OR METHODS OF MAKING THE SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a tile that includes:
at least a first glass substrate having at least one cavity formed therein, each said cavity (a) increasing in diameter or
distance from a first end thereof to a second end thereof, and (b) having a reflective surface;

at least one light emitting diode (LED) at or proximate to the first end of a respective one of said cavities so as to enable
the reflective surface of the associated cavity to reflect at least some light emitted from the respective LED;

an active thermal management system disposed proximate to the at least one LED, such that the LED is between the active thermal
management system and the second end, the active thermal management system being configured to variably transfer heat from
a first side of the active thermal management system to a second side of the active thermal management system, the first side
being closer to the at least one LED than the second side;

a thermal controller coupled to the active thermal management system, the thermal controller being configured to sense a temperature
associated with the at least one LED and/or the active thermal management system, and to control the variably transferred
heat of the active thermal management system based the sensed temperature control; and

a passive heat sink disposed proximate to the active thermal management system such that the active thermal management system
is between the at least one LED and the passive heat sink.

US Pat. No. 9,822,033

BARRIER LAYERS COMPRISING NI-INCLUSIVE ALLOYS AND/OR OTHER METALLIC ALLOYS, DOUBLE BARRIER LAYERS, COATED ARTICLES INCLUDING DOUBLE BARRIER LAYERS, AND METHODS OF MAKING THE SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A coated article including a coating supported by a glass substrate, the coating from the glass substrate outwardly comprising:
a first dielectric layer on the glass substrate;
an oxided layer comprising, by % metal, 54-58 wt. % Ni, 20-22.5 wt. % Cr, 12.5-14.5 wt. % Mo, 1-5 wt. % W, and 1-5 wt. % Fe;
a second dielectric layer on the glass substrate and over at least the first dielectric layer and the oxided layer comprising,
by % metal, 54-58 wt. % Ni, 20-22.5 wt. % Cr, 12.5-14.5 wt. % Mo, 1-5 wt. % W, and 1-5 wt. % Fe;

wherein the oxided layer comprising, by % metal, 54-58 wt. % Ni, 20-22.5 wt. % Cr, 12.5-14.5 wt. % Mo, 1-5 wt. % W, and 1-5
wt. % Fe is located between and directly contacting the first and second dielectric layers;

a first IR reflecting layer comprising silver over at least the first and second dielectric layers;
a third dielectric layer located over at least the first IR reflecting layer.

US Pat. No. 10,134,379

ACOUSTIC WALL ASSEMBLY HAVING DOUBLE-WALL CONFIGURATION AND PASSIVE NOISE-DISRUPTIVE PROPERTIES, AND/OR METHOD OF MAKING AND/OR USING THE SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. An acoustic wall assembly, comprising:inner and outer walls that are substantially parallel to one another, a gap being defined therebetween; and
at least one set of openings formed in the inner and/or outer wall(s), the at least one set of openings being sized, shaped, and arranged to cooperate with the inner and outer walls to generate reverberation that masks, without substantially attenuating, sound waves incident on the wall(s) in which the at least one set of openings is/are formed.

US Pat. No. 9,971,194

SWITCHABLE WINDOW HAVING LOW EMISSIVITY (LOW-E) COATING AS CONDUCTIVE LAYER AND/OR METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A switchable window comprising:a first glass substrate and a second glass substrate for the window;
a liquid crystal inclusive layer disposed between at least the first glass substrate and the second glass substrate;
a solar control coating provided between at least the liquid crystal inclusive layer and the first glass substrate;
wherein the solar control coating comprising, in the following order, a first dielectric layer, a layer comprising zinc oxide, an infrared (IR) reflecting layer comprising silver, a metal inclusive layer, and another dielectric layer, so that the IR reflecting layer is located between at least the first and second dielectric layers;
a conductive coating provided between at least the liquid crystal inclusive layer and the second substrate, so that voltage is to be applied to the liquid crystal inclusive layer via the solar control coating and the conductive coating which are on opposite sides of the liquid crystal inclusive layer; and
wherein the window is configured so that, by adjusting voltage applied to at least part of the liquid crystal inclusive layer via the solar control coating and the conductive coating, the window is selectively switchable between at least first and second states, where the window has a higher visible light transmission in the first state than in the second state.

US Pat. No. 9,951,552

GLAZING WITH HEAT FLUX SENSOR AND/OR METHODS OF MAKING THE SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A switchable window glazing assembly, comprising:a switchable window including a first glass substrate and a second glass substrate;
a radiation shield covering, directly or indirectly, at least a part of a peripheral edge area of the first glass substrate; and
a dual junction solid-state heat flux sensor, comprising:
a first junction oriented in the assembly at a first location at which radiation from a radiation source is receivable through the first glass substrate,
a second junction oriented in the assembly at a second location that is blocked from the radiation source by the radiation shield, and
circuitry configured to generate a signal based on a differential between transduced voltages respectively generated at the first and second junctions, so that the assembly is configured to adjust transmission of the switchable window based on the signal that is based on the differential by adjusting voltage applied to a liquid crystal layer provided between the first and second glass substrates.

US Pat. No. 9,796,619

TEMPERABLE THREE LAYER ANTIREFRLECTIVE COATING, COATED ARTICLE INCLUDING TEMPERABLE THREE LAYER ANTIREFRLECTIVE COATING, AND/OR METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A coated article comprising an antireflective coating supported by a first major surface of a substrate, wherein the antireflective
coating comprises, in order moving away from the substrate:
a silicon-inclusive medium index layer disposed, directly or indirectly, on the first major surface of the substrate, wherein
the medium index layer is substantially free of aluminum oxynitride;

a high index layer disposed over and contacting the medium index layer, the high index layer having a thickness of at least
85 nm;

a low index layer disposed over and contacting the high index layer;
wherein the coated article is heat treatable so as to have a ?E* value of less than 3;
wherein the medium index layer comprises silicon oxynitride and has a index of refraction of from about 1.65 to 2.0 at 380
nm, 550 nm, and 780 nm wavelengths, the high index layer has an index of refraction of at least about 2.0 at 380 nm, 550 nm,
and 780 nm wavelengths, the high index layer having a thickness between about 85 nm and 115 nm, and the low index layer has
an index of refraction of from about 1.4 to 1.6 at 380 nm, 550 nm, and 780 nm wavelengths.

US Pat. No. 10,088,967

PROJECTED CAPACITIVE TOUCH PANEL WITH A SILVER-INCLUSIVE TRANSPARENT CONDUCTING LAYER(S)

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A touch panel, comprising:a glass substrate;
a multi-layer transparent conductive coating supported by the glass substrate, the multi-layer transparent conductive coating including at least one conductive layer comprising silver, a layer comprising Ni and Cr directly contacting the conductive layer comprising silver, and a dielectric layer over at least the layer comprising Ni and Cr and the layer comprising silver,
a plurality of electrodes and a plurality of conductive traces, wherein the electrodes and the conductive traces comprise said multi-layer transparent conductive coating that includes the at least one conductive layer comprising silver, the layer comprising Ni and Cr directly contacting the conductive layer comprising silver, and the dielectric layer;
a processor for detecting touch position on the touch panel via the electrodes and traces; and
wherein the electrodes and the conductive traces are configured to be electrically connected to the processor.

US Pat. No. 10,082,920

TRANSPARENT CONDUCTIVE COATING FOR CAPACITIVE TOUCH PANEL OR THE LIKE

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A capacitive touch panel, comprising:a multi-layer transparent conductive coating supported by a substrate,
wherein the multi-layer transparent conductive coating comprises at least one conductive layer comprising silver located between at least a first dielectric layer and a second dielectric layer,
wherein the multi-layer transparent conductive coating, comprising at least the conductive layer comprising silver located between at least the first dielectric layer and the second dielectric layer, is patterned into a plurality of electrodes and/or conductive traces for the touch panel;
a processor configured to measure capacitance in detecting touch position regarding the touch panel; and
wherein there is no more than a 2.0 difference at 600 nm between (a) a glass side visible reflectance percentage of the multi-layer transparent conductive coating on the substrate in at least some areas where the coating is present, and (b) a visible reflectance percentage of the substrate in at least some areas where the multi-layer transparent conductive coating is not present.

US Pat. No. 10,059,622

ANTI-REFLECTION GLASS WITH TIN OXIDE NANOPARTICLES

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A method of forming a coated article with an anti-reflection coating, the method comprising:forming a coating consisting essentially of silica particles and a binder directly on a first surface of a glass substrate; and
forming a coating comprising tin oxide directly on a second surface of the glass substrate,
wherein the glass substrate is disposed between the silica coating and the tin oxide coating.

US Pat. No. 10,012,019

VACUUM INSULATING GLASS (VIG) UNIT WITH METALLIC PERIPHERAL EDGE SEAL AND/OR METHODS OF MAKING THE SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A method of making a vacuum insulating glass (VIG) unit, the method comprising:forming a first layer stack around peripheral edges of a first major surface of a first substrate;
forming a second layer stack around peripheral edges of a first major surface of a second substrate;
the first and second multi-layer stacks being formed via high velocity wire combustion (HVWC) and/or high velocity oxy-fuel (HVOF) deposition which directs molten particles toward the corresponding substrate, and each multi-layer stack including, in order moving away from the first major surfaces of the substrates on which they are formed, a layer comprising silicon nitride, a layer comprising nickel, and a layer comprising silver;
placing a plurality of spacers on the first major surface of the first substrate;
placing a solid solder alloy pre-form over and contacting the first layer stack;
bringing together the first and second substrates such that the first major surfaces thereof face one another and form a subassembly;
forming an edge seal by reactively reflowing the solid solder alloy pre-form to cause material from the first and second layer stacks to diffuse into the solder alloy material, and vice versa; and
following the formation of the edge seal, which then includes inter-metallic compounds, evacuating a cavity formed between the first and second substrates in making the VIG unit.

US Pat. No. 10,011,524

COATED ARTICLE WITH SEQUENTIALLY ACTIVATED LOW-E COATING, AND/OR METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A method of making a coated article including a multilayer thin film coating supported by a glass substrate, the method comprising:sputter-depositing a first silver-based layer, directly or indirectly, on the glass substrate;
sputter-depositing at least one dielectric layer, directly or indirectly, on the first silver-based layer;
sputter-depositing a second silver-based layer, directly or indirectly, on the at least one dielectric layer;
adjusting resistivity levels of the first and second silver-based layers through flash light source exposure in at least one wavelength range and subsequently performing thermal activation; and
wherein the adjusting comprises preconditioning the silver based layers via flash light source exposure in at least first and second different wavelength ranges, the first wavelength range preferentially transmitting energy to the first silver based layer and the second wavelength range preferentially transmitting energy to the second silver based layer, and thereafter performing thermal activation comprising a thermal treatment that is performed after all of the silver based layers have been deposited, directly or indirectly, on the glass substrate.

US Pat. No. 9,945,983

SILICON TITANIUM OXIDE COATING, COATED ARTICLE INCLUDING SILICON TITANIUM OXIDE COATING, AND METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A coated article comprising an antireflection coating, wherein the anti-reflection coating comprises:a first layer having a medium index of refraction and comprising Ti1-xSixOy, where x is greater than or equal to 0.5 and less than 0.95, and having a thickness of from about 30 to 70 nm;
wherein in said first layer having the medium index of refraction and comprising Ti1-xSixOy, y is from 0.2 to 2;
a second layer having a comparatively higher index of refraction and comprising an oxide of titanium, and having a thickness of from about 80 to 110 nm;
a third layer having an index of refraction lower than both the first and second layers, and comprising an oxide of silicon, having a thickness of from about 70 to 100 nm;
wherein the second layer having the comparatively higher index of refraction and comprising the oxide of titanium is thicker than the first layer having the medium index of refraction, and
wherein the second layer having the comparatively higher index of refraction and comprising the oxide of titanium is thicker than the third layer comprising the oxide of silicon.

US Pat. No. 9,921,703

TRANSPARENT CONDUCTIVE COATING FOR CAPACITIVE TOUCH PANEL WITH ADDITIONAL FUNCTIONAL FILM(S)

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A capacitive touch panel, comprising:
a glass substrate;
a multi-layer transparent conductive coating supported by the glass substrate, the multi-layer transparent conductive coating
including at least one conductive layer comprising silver, a dielectric layer comprising zinc oxide under and directly contacting
the conductive layer comprising silver, and a dielectric layer comprising zirconium oxide and/or a dielectric layer comprising
silicon nitride over the conductive layer comprising silver;

a plurality of electrodes and a plurality of conductive traces, wherein the electrodes and/or the conductive traces include
the multi-layer transparent conductive coating;

a processor for detecting touch position on the touch panel;
wherein the electrodes are formed substantially in a common plane substantially parallel to the glass substrate; and
a plurality of the electrodes are electrically connected to the processor by conductive traces.

US Pat. No. 9,921,704

TRANSPARENT CONDUCTIVE COATING FOR CAPACITIVE TOUCH PANEL

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A capacitive touch panel, comprising:
a glass substrate;
a multi-layer transparent conductive coating supported by the glass substrate, the multi-layer transparent conductive coating
including at least one conductive layer comprising silver, a dielectric layer comprising zinc oxide under and directly contacting
the conductive layer comprising silver, and a dielectric layer comprising zirconium oxide and/or a dielectric layer comprising
silicon nitride over the conductive layer comprising silver;

a plurality of electrodes and a plurality of conductive traces, wherein the electrodes and the conductive traces include the
multi-layer transparent conductive coating;

a processor for detecting touch position on the touch panel;
wherein the electrodes and the conductive traces are formed substantially in a common plane substantially parallel to the
glass substrate; and

a plurality of the electrodes are electrically connected to the processor by conductive traces.

US Pat. No. 9,822,580

LOCALIZED HEATING TECHNIQUES INCORPORATING TUNABLE INFRARED ELEMENT(S) FOR VACUUM INSULATING GLASS UNITS, AND/OR APPARATUSES FOR SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

10. A method of making a vacuum insulated glass (VIG) unit comprising an edge seal, the method comprising:
providing a subassembly for a VIG unit in an apparatus including at least one heating area, the subassembly for the VIG unit
including first and second tempered glass substrates with spacers, a gap and seal material comprising frit located at least
partially between the glass substrates, wherein a periphery of the gap is defined by the seal material;

the apparatus including a plurality of infrared (IR) heating elements that comprise bulbs which are controllable to emit IR
radiation at a peak wavelength in the near infrared (NIR) and/or short wave infrared (SWIR) band(s),

heating frit of the seal material provided proximate the periphery of the subassembly via the plurality of IR heating elements
in forming the edge seal so as to preferentially heat the frit compared to glass substrates of the VIG subassembly, and

during said heating when approximately half of the bulbs in the heating area are in an “on” state for heating the seal material,
approximately the other half of the bulbs in the heating area are in an “off” state so that approximately half bulb density
is employed during said heating.

US Pat. No. 9,790,127

METHOD TO GENERATE HIGH LSG LOW-EMISSIVITY COATING WITH SAME COLOR AFTER HEAT TREATMENT

INTERMOLECULAR, INC., Sa...

1. A coated article including a coating supported by a glass substrate, the coating comprising at least the following layers
moving away from the glass substrate:
a layer comprising zinc, tin, and oxygen having a thickness between 10 nm and 40 nm;
a seed layer comprising zinc oxide;
an infrared (IR) reflecting layer comprising silver located on and directly contacting the seed layer comprising zinc oxide,
a barrier layer located on and directly contacting the first IR reflecting layer, the barrier layer comprising nickel, niobium,
titanium and oxygen, wherein the oxygen content of the barrier layer is from 10 to 30 atomic %,

another layer comprising zinc, tin and oxide over at least the barrier layer;
another IR reflecting layer comprising silver located over at least the another layer comprising zinc, tin oxide;
a first layer comprising silicon nitride located over at least the another IR reflecting layer; and
a layer comprising tin oxide and a second layer comprising silicon nitride located over said first layer comprising silicon
nitride, wherein the layer comprising tin oxide is located between and directly contacting the first layer comprising silicon
nitride and the second layer comprising silicon nitride, and wherein the second layer comprising silicon nitride is located
further from the glass substrate than any of the other recited layers of the coating.

US Pat. No. 10,133,108

VENDING MACHINES WITH LARGE AREA TRANSPARENT TOUCH ELECTRODE TECHNOLOGY, AND/OR ASSOCIATED METHODS

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A vending machine, comprising:a cabinet including a plurality of product placement areas;
a window to the product placement areas, the window being connected to the cabinet;
a first transparent multi-layer low-emissivity (low-E) coating supported by the window and patterned into a first set of electrodes, the first set of electrodes being configured to enable all or part of the window to be used as a touch panel configured to accept touch-related inputs to the vending machine; and
processing resources including at least one processor and a memory, the memory comprising instructions that, when executed, are configured to:
receive touch-related operation information corresponding to accepted touch-related inputs, the touch-related operation information being indicative of touch positions and touch types, the touch types including touches of the window, non-touch proximity detections, and gestures; and
control the vending machine to operate in one of a plurality of different operating modes and respond to received touch-related operation information, the different operating modes including product-vending and game-playing modes.

US Pat. No. 9,919,959

WINDOW WITH UV-TREATED LOW-E COATING AND METHOD OF MAKING SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A method of making a coated article for use in a window, the method comprising:
having a coated article including a glass substrate that supports a low-emissivity (low-E) coating comprising at least one
layer comprising silver located directly on and contacting a contact layer comprising zinc oxide that can absorb ultraviolet
(UV) radiation, the low-E coating further comprising a dielectric layer between the contact layer comprising zinc oxide and
the glass substrate, and an upper dielectric layer located over the layer comprising silver so that the layer comprising silver
is located between the upper dielectric layer and the glass substrate;

directing UV radiation from at least one UV source toward the coating and exposing the coating to UV radiation in order to
reduce a sheet resistance of the coating and/or increase visible transmission of the coating; and

wherein the coated article has a visible transmission of at least about 50% after said exposing.

US Pat. No. 9,904,431

CAPACITANCE TOUCH PANEL WITH SILVER-INCLUSIVE TRANSPARENT CONDUCTIVE LAYER(S) AND DIELECTRIC LAYER(S)

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A capacitive touch panel, comprising:
first and second substrates that are spaced apart from one another;
at least one multi-layer transparent conductive coating patterned into a plurality of electrodes and located between the first
and second substrates, the at least one multi-layer transparent conductive coating including at least one conductive layer
comprising silver, a dielectric layer comprising zinc oxide under and directly contacting the conductive layer comprising
silver, and a dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride over the conductive layer comprising silver;

processing circuitry electrically connected to the plurality of electrodes and configured to measure an aspect of capacitance;
and

a laminate material located between the first and second substrates.

US Pat. No. 9,902,238

ARTICLES INCLUDING ANTICONDENSATION COATINGS AND/OR METHODS OF MAKING THE SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A vehicle windshield comprising:
first and second glass substrates of the vehicle windshield;
wherein the first and second glass substrates of the vehicle windshield are coupled together;
a coating comprising a plurality of thin film layers provided on the first glass substrate, the plurality of thin film layers
including, in order moving away from the first glass substrate:

(a) a first dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride;
(b) a second dielectric layer comprising silicon oxynitride;
(c) a layer comprising indium-tin-oxide (ITO) 75-175 nm thick,
(d) a third dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride, and wherein the third dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride
is located over and directly contacting the layer comprising indium-tin-oxide so that the layer comprising indium-tin-oxide
is located between at least the first glass substrate and the third dielectric layer; and

(e) a layer comprising aluminum oxide, wherein the layer comprising aluminum oxide is an uppermost layer of the coating and
is the layer of the coating farthest from the first glass substrate;

wherein the coating is not located between the first and second glass substrates.

US Pat. No. 9,751,800

HEAT TREATABLE COATED ARTICLE WITH TUNGSTEN-DOPED ZIRCONIUM BASED LAYER(S) IN COATING

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A method of making a heat treated coated article, the method comprising:
having a coated article including a coating supported by a glass substrate, the coating comprising a tungsten-doped layer
comprising an oxide and/or nitride of zirconium; and

thermally tempering the coated article, including the glass substrate and the tungsten-doped layer comprising an oxide and/or
nitride of zirconium, so that after the tempering a layer comprising tungsten-doped zirconium oxide is provided on the glass
substrate.

US Pat. No. 9,752,375

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR INSTALLING VACUUM INSULATED GLASS (VIG) WINDOW UNIT IN EXISTING WINDOW SASH

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A method of making a vacuum insulated glass (VIG) window unit, the method comprising:
seating a VIG window on a window sash, the window sash configured to support a non-vacuum insulated glass window which has
a larger width than does the VIG window, said VIG window being supported on a first side by a stop portion of said window
sash and having a width less than the width of said non-vacuum insulated glass window, and wherein the VIG window comprises
first and second glass substrates having a vacuum cavity provided therebetween, the vacuum cavity being at pressure less than
atmospheric pressure and having a plurality of spacers therein for spacing the first and second glass substrates from each
other;

installing a VIG stop so that the VIG stop is connected to said window sash and supports a second side of said VIG window
opposite said first side, wherein said VIG stop has a width sufficient to compensate for a difference in the width of said
non-vacuum insulated glass window and said VIG window, and wherein the VIG stop comprises foam in a hollow interior portion
thereof;

wherein said VIG stop comprises a hollow L-shaped main body with first and second solid parallel distal portions extending
therefrom, the first distal portion for engaging the VIG window and the second distal portion for fitting under a lip of the
sash; and

a concave dimple defined in an upper surface of the window sash when viewed in cross section, the concave dimple is positioned
so as to be located between and not directly under the first and second glass substrates of the non-vacuum insulated glass
window, and so that at least part of the first and second glass substrates of the VIG window are located on one side of the
dimple when the VIG window is on the sash.

US Pat. No. 10,073,576

TRANSPARENT CONDUCTIVE COATING FOR CAPACITIVE TOUCH PANEL WITH ADDITIONAL FUNCTIONAL FILM(S)

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A capacitive touch panel, comprising:a glass substrate;
a multi-layer transparent conductive coating supported by the glass substrate, the multi-layer transparent conductive coating including at least one conductive layer comprising silver, a layer comprising Ni and Cr under and directly contacting the conductive layer comprising silver, and a dielectric layer comprising zirconium oxide and/or a dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride over the conductive layer comprising silver;
a plurality of electrodes and a plurality of conductive traces, wherein the electrodes and/or the conductive traces include the multi-layer transparent conductive coating;
a processor for detecting touch position on the touch panel;
wherein the electrodes are formed substantially in a common plane substantially parallel to the glass substrate; and
a plurality of the electrodes are electrically connected to the processor by conductive traces.

US Pat. No. 9,956,906

WINDOW FOR A VEHICLE COMPRISING A LIGHT SCATTERING LAYER CONFIGURED TO REDIRECT LIGHT FROM A PURALITY OF LIGHT EMITTING DIODES

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A window for a vehicle, the window comprising:first and second glass substrates;
a plurality of light emitting diodes (LEDs) provided between the first and second glass substrates, wherein the light emitting diodes (LEDs) are configured to emit light toward a central area of the window;
a light scattering layer provided between the first and second glass substrates, the light scattering layer comprising light scatterers, the light scatterers configured and arranged in the light scattering layer and relative to the light emitting diodes (LEDs) so that light received from the LEDs is to be redirected in a direction substantially normal to major surfaces of the first and second glass substrates.

US Pat. No. 9,956,752

METHODS OF MAKING LAMINATED LED ARRAY AND/OR PRODUCTS INCLUDING THE SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A method of making a window for a vehicle, the method comprising:providing a polymer-based deformable backbone supporting a plurality of LED devices, the LED devices being connected to one another via flexible wires;
positioning the deformable polymer-based backbone with the LED devices thereon between first and second glass substrates; and
wherein the backbone is shaped so as to comprise a plurality of steps that support respective LED devices of the plurality of LED devices;
providing an optical coupling material proximate the steps so as to be located between the steps and laminating material;
laminating together the first and second substrates with the deformable backbone therebetween using the laminating material;
wherein the backbone, when laminated between first and second substrates, has a shape so that the LED devices are angled relative to the first and second substrates so that light to be emitted from the LED devices is emitted at an angle that is neither perpendicular nor parallel to an elongated direction of the first and second substrates, with the shape configured to match an angle at which the window is to be disposed in the vehicle and so that the LED devices, when powered, emit light primarily in a direction parallel to a surface on which the vehicle is located, and wherein the window is a rear windshield of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,796,620

COATED ARTICLE WITH LOW-E COATING INCLUDING TIN OXIDE INCLUSIVE LAYER(S) WITH ADDITIONAL METAL(S)

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A coated article including a low-E coating on a glass substrate, the coating comprising:
a first dielectric layer;
first and second IR reflecting layers on the glass substrate and located over at least the first dielectric layer;
a second dielectric layer located between at least the first and second IR reflecting layers, wherein the second dielectric
layer is oxided and comprises Sn, Zn, and Mg,

a third dielectric layer located between at least the first and second IR reflecting layers, wherein the second and third
dielectric layers are separated from one another via at least a fourth dielectric layer, and wherein the third dielectric
layer comprises an oxide of Sn, Cu, and Sb, and

wherein, with respect to metal content, the second dielectric layer comprises about 85% Sn, about 10% Zn, and about 5% Mg,
wherein the percentages are atomic %.

US Pat. No. 9,783,447

LOCALIZED HEATING VIA AN INFRARED HEAT SOURCE ARRAY OF EDGE SEALS FOR A VACUUM INSULATING GLASS UNIT, AND/OR UNITIZED OVEN WITH INFRARED HEAT SOURCE ARRAY FOR ACCOMPLISHING THE SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A method of making a vacuum insulating glass (VIG) window unit, the method comprising:
having first and second substantially parallel spaced-apart thermally tempered glass substrates and an edge seal material
comprising frit provided at least partially between the first and second thermally tempered lass substrates for sealing an
area proximate an edge of the VIG window unit;

pre-heating the thermally tempered glass substrates and the frit to at least one temperature from about 200 to 300 degrees
C. below a melting point of the first and second glass substrates and below a melting point of the frit;

providing localized near infrared (IR) inclusive heat from about 1.1 to 1.4 ?m proximate to the area proximate the edge to
be sealed via a two-dimensional array of heat sources so as to at least partially melt the frit, and wherein the heat sources
are individually and selectively activated, in sequence;

cooling the unit and/or allowing the frit to harden in making the vacuum insulating glass (VIG) window unit;
wherein at least some portions of the first and second glass substrates do not lose any more than 50% of original temper strength
during formation of the edge seal; and

evacuating a gap between the first and second thermally tempered glass substrates to a pressure less than atmospheric pressure
in making the vacuum insulating glass (VIG) window unit.

US Pat. No. 9,784,027

VACUUM INSULATING GLASS (VIG) UNIT WITH METALLIC PERIPHERAL EDGE SEAL AND/OR METHODS OF MAKING THE SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A vacuum insulating glass (VIG) window unit, comprising:
first and second substantially parallel spaced apart substrates, at least one of the first and second substrates of the VIG
window unit being a heat treated glass substrate;

an evacuated gap provided between the glass substrates at a pressure less than atmospheric pressure;
a plurality of spacers provided between the first and second substrates; and
an edge seal comprising an alloy material including Sn and at least one other material selected from the group consisting
of post-transition metals or metalloids from groups 13-15; and Zintl anions from group 13, 14, 15 or 16 and, on each side
thereof and in order moving away from the alloy material and towards the first and second substrates, respectively, at least
one inter-metallic (IMC) layer, a layer comprising silver, and a layer comprising NiCr that contacts the layer comprising
silver.

US Pat. No. 10,125,538

STATIC PLASMA GRID EVACUATION TECHNIQUES FOR VACUUM INSULATING GLASS (VIG) UNITS

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

7. A method of making a vacuum insulating glass (VIG) window unit, the method comprising:providing a VIG unit subassembly including first and second glass substrates spaced from each other by at least a plurality of spacers, the VIG unit subassembly further comprising a pump-out port, an edge seal, and a space between the first and second glass substrates;
positioning the VIG unit subassembly above and/or below a plurality of selectively actuatable plasma-generating electrodes; and
selectively actuating a plurality of the plasma-generating electrodes at substantially the same time so as to cause a plurality of plasma waves having respective plasma fronts to be propagated through the space between the glass substrates towards the pump-out port,
wherein the selective actuating of the plasma-generating electrodes comprises causing at least two successive plasma fronts to propagate through the space between the glass substrates towards the pump-out port, and be present in the space, at substantially the same time.

US Pat. No. 10,125,045

COEFFICIENT OF THERMAL EXPANSION FILLER FOR VANADIUM-BASED FRIT MATERIALS AND/OR METHODS OF MAKING AND/OR USING THE SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A vacuum insulated glass (VIG) window unit, comprising:first and second substantially parallel, spaced apart thermally tempered glass substrates; and
an edge seal provided around a periphery of the first and/or second thermally tempered glass substrates of the VIG window unit to form a hermetic seal therebetween and at least partially defining a gap between the first and second substrates,
wherein the gap is at a pressure less than atmospheric,
wherein the edge seal is formed from edge seal material including (a) a coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) material that is substantially lead-free, and (b) a frit material having a composition comprising vanadium oxide, barium oxide, and zinc oxide;
wherein the vanadium oxide, the barium oxide, and the zinc oxide are the three largest elements making up the frit material composition; and
wherein the edge seal material has a first CTE value that is within about 15% of soda lime silicate glass by virtue of the CTE material's composition.

US Pat. No. 9,988,302

FRITS FOR USE IN VACUUM INSULATING GLASS (VIG) UNITS, AND/OR ASSOCIATED METHODS

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A method of making a vacuum insulating glass (VIG) window unit, the method comprising:sealing together first and second glass substrates using first and second different frit materials in making the VIG window unit, so that the first and second frit materials are used in forming at least an edge seal for the vacuum insulating glass (VIG) window unit;
wherein the first frit material is a primer and fused to at least one of the glass substrates during a thermal tempering process when the glass reaches a first temperature of at least 550 degrees C.;
wherein the first frit material comprises, by weight, 70-80 wt. % bismuth oxide, 2-7 wt. % zinc oxide, 5-15 wt. % silicon oxide, 2-7 wt. % aluminum oxide, 0-5% magnesium oxide, 0-5% chromium oxide, 0-5% iron oxide, 0-5% cobalt oxide, 0-5% sodium oxide, 0-5% manganese oxide, and 0-5% barium oxide;
wherein the first frit material is a bismuth oxide based frit material, and the second frit material is a vanadium oxide based frit material, these being the largest components of the first and second frit materials, respectively,
wherein the second frit material comprises vanadium oxide, barium oxide, and zinc oxide, in amounts that total at least 65% by weight, wherein vanadium oxide, barium oxide and zinc oxide are the three largest components of the second frit material, the second frit forming a bond with the first frit material in making the edge seal for the VIG window unit and being melted during a second heating process, subsequent to the thermal tempering process, when the glass reaches at a second temperature of no more than 400 degrees C., with the first frit material being wettable at the second temperature, so that the first and second glass substrates are hermetically sealed together using the first frit as a primer frit and the second frit as a sealing frit.

US Pat. No. 9,789,750

COATED ARTICLE WITH LOW-E COATING HAVING ZINC STANNATE BASED LAYER BETWEEN IR REFLECTING LAYERS FOR REDUCED MOTTLING AND CORRESPONDING METHOD

Centre Luxembourgeois de ...

1. A coated article including a glass substrate supporting a coating thereon, the coating comprising:
a first dielectric layer supported by the glass substrate;
a first infrared (IR) reflecting layer comprising silver supported by the glass substrate and located over at least the first
dielectric layer;

a contact layer located over and directly contacting the first IR reflecting layer;
a first layer comprising tin oxide from 200-320 angstroms thick located over at least the first IR reflecting layer and the
first dielectric layer;

a first layer comprising zinc stannate from 200-320 angstroms thick located over and contacting the first layer comprising
tin oxide;

a layer comprising silicon nitride from 80-200 angstroms thick located over at least the first layer comprising zinc stannate;
a layer comprising zinc oxide located over and directly contacting the layer comprising silicon nitride;
a second IR reflecting layer comprising silver on the glass substrate located over the layer comprising silicon nitride and
directly contacting the layer comprising zinc oxide; and

wherein a combined total thickness of the first layer comprising tin oxide and the first layer comprising zinc stannate is
from 460-600 angstroms, and wherein each of the first layer comprising tin oxide and the first layer comprising zinc stannate
are each at least 50 angstroms thicker than the layer comprising silicon nitride.

US Pat. No. 9,764,538

METHOD OF MAKING VACUUM INSULATED GLASS (VIG) WINDOW UNIT INCLUDING ACTIVATING GETTER

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A method of making a vacuum insulated glass (VIG) window unit, the method comprising:
having first and second substantially parallel glass substrates, a plurality of spacers and a seal provided between the first
and second substrates, a cavity to be evacuated to a pressure less than atmospheric pressure located between the glass substrates,
and at least one getter provided in the cavity;

activating the getter via at least radiation from an inductive coil, said coil being located outside of the cavity, during
and/or substantially at an end of an evacuation process in which the cavity is evacuated to a pressure less than atmospheric
pressure;

wherein the cavity to be evacuated is located between opposing substantially parallel major surfaces of the first and second
substrates respectively, and wherein a pump-out tube for evacuating the cavity extends in a direction substantially perpendicular
to the major surfaces of the first and second substrates, and

wherein the pump-out tube extends through at least part of one of the substrates, the pump-out tube being elongated so that
the pump-out tube has a length longer than its width.

US Pat. No. 9,845,635

WINDOW FRAME SYSTEM FOR VACUUM INSULATED GLASS UNIT

Guardian Glass, LLC., Au...

1. A window assembly comprising:
a vacuum insulated glass unit including first and second glass substrates defining a space therebetween that is at a pressure
lower than atmospheric pressure, one of the first and second glass substrates including a vacuum port, the vacuum port defining
a passage extending through one of the first and second glass substrates in communication with the space; and

a frame assembly supporting the vacuum insulated glass unit and including a base member and a glazing member, the base member
and the glazing member cooperating to define a slot in which an edge portion of the vacuum insulated glass unit is received,
wherein one of the base member or the glazing member includes a cavity receiving the vacuum port.

US Pat. No. 10,138,159

COATED ARTICLE HAVING LOW-E COATING WITH IR REFLECTING LAYER(S) AND HIGH INDEX NITRIDED DIELECTRIC FILM HAVING MULTIPLE LAYERS

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A coated article including a coating supported by a glass substrate, the coating comprising:a first dielectric film on the glass substrate;
an infrared (IR) reflecting layer on the glass substrate, located over at least the first dielectric film;
a second dielectric film on the glass substrate, located over at least the IR reflecting layer; and
wherein at least one of the first and second dielectric films comprises (a) a first high index dielectric layer comprising a nitride of Zr and Si and further comprises Al, wherein the first high index dielectric layer contains more Zr than Si, and (b) a second high index dielectric layer comprising an oxide of titanium that directly contacts the first high index dielectric layer.

US Pat. No. 10,138,160

COATED ARTICLE INCLUDING LOW-EMISSIVITY COATING INSULATING GLASS UNIT INCLUDING COATED ARTICLE, AND/OR METHODS OF MAKING THE SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A method of making an insulated glass (IG) unit including a coated article including a coating supported by a glass substrate, the method comprising:having a coated article comprising:
a first dielectric layer on the substrate;
a first layer comprising Ag over at least the first dielectric layer;
a second dielectric layer over at least the first layer comprising Ag;
a second layer comprising Ag over at least the second dielectric layer;
a first layer comprising Ni and Ti over and contacting the second layer comprising Ag;
a third dielectric layer over at least the first layer comprising Ni and Ti;
a third layer comprising Ag over at least the third dielectric layer;
a second layer comprising Ni and Ti over and contacting the third layer comprising Ag;
a fourth dielectric layer over at least the second layer comprising Ni and Ti; and
wherein each of the first and second layers comprising Ni and Ti has a metal content of from about 10-30% Ni and from about 70-90% Ti;
and making the IG unit via steps comprising:
positioning a second substrate in substantially parallel spaced apart relation to said coated article so as to form a gap therebetween;
coupling said coated article and the second substrate,
wherein the coating of the coated article is provided on surface 2 or surface 3 of the IG unit; and
wherein the IG unit has a LSG of greater than or equal to 2.15.

US Pat. No. 10,107,028

METHOD OF MAKING VACUUM INSULATED GLASS (VIG) WINDOW UNIT

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

wherein the vanadium oxide, the barium oxide, and the zinc oxide are the largest three elements making up the base composition of the frit material.

US Pat. No. 10,087,676

VANADIUM-BASED FRIT MATERIALS, AND/OR METHODS OF MAKING THE SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

andwherein the materials with the three highest normalized mole % in the frit material are vanadium oxide, zinc oxide, and barium oxide.

US Pat. No. 9,963,383

RUGGEDIZED SWITCHABLE GLAZING, AND/OR METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A coated article including a low-E coating supported by a glass substrate, the low-E coating comprising:first and second IR reflecting layers comprising silver and/or gold;
a UV blocking layer that blocks significant amounts of UV light having a wavelength of from 380-400 nm so that no more than about 20% of light having a wavelength of from 380-400 nm passes through the low-E coating;
wherein the UV blocking layer is positioned so as to not directly contact the first and second IR reflecting layers; and
wherein the UV blocking layer is located between and directly contacting first and second layers comprising tin oxide.

US Pat. No. 9,869,016

COATED ARTICLE WITH LOW-E COATING HAVING MULTILAYER OVERCOAT AND METHOD OF MAKING SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A coated article including a coating having a layer system supported by a glass substrate, the layer system comprising:
a first dielectric layer on the glass substrate;
an IR reflecting layer comprising silver on the glass substrate over at least the first dielectric layer;
a contact layer on the glass substrate over and directly contacting the IR reflecting layer;
a second dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride on the glass substrate over at least the contact layer;
a layer comprising niobium zirconium on the glass substrate over and directly contacting the second dielectric layer comprising
silicon nitride, wherein the layer comprising niobium zirconium comprises from about 2 to 15% Zr (atomic %);

a third dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride on the glass substrate over and directly contacting the layer comprising
niobium zirconium;

a layer comprising zirconium oxide on the glass substrate over and directly contacting the third dielectric layer comprising
silicon nitride, so that the layer comprising niobium zirconium is located between and directly contacting said second dielectric
layer comprising silicon nitride and said third dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride;

wherein the layer comprising niobium zirconium is from 1-3 nm thick;
wherein the layer comprising zirconium oxide is from 3-8 nm thick;
wherein the layer comprising niobium zirconium is substantially thinner than each of the second and third dielectric layers
comprising silicon nitride and is also substantially thinner than the IR reflecting layer comprising silver;

wherein the layer comprising zirconium oxide is substantially thinner than each of the second and third dielectric layers
comprising silicon nitride; and

wherein the coating contains only one silver-based IR reflecting layer.

US Pat. No. 10,138,158

COATED ARTICLE HAVING LOW-E COATING WITH IR REFLECTING LAYER(S) AND HIGH INDEX NITRIDED DIELECTRIC LAYERS

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A coated article including a coating supported by a glass substrate, the coating comprising:a first high index dielectric layer comprising a nitride of Zr and Al on the glass substrate, wherein the first high index dielectric layer comprising the nitride of Zr and Al contains more Zr than Al;
a first dielectric layer comprising zinc oxide on the glass substrate located over and directly contacting the first high index layer comprising the nitride of Zr and Al;
a first infrared (IR) reflecting layer on the glass substrate, located over and directly contacting the first dielectric layer comprising zinc oxide;
a first contact layer on the glass substrate located over and directly contacting the first IR reflecting layer;
a second dielectric layer comprising zinc oxide on the glass substrate located over and directly contacting the first contact layer;
a second high index dielectric layer comprising a nitride of Zr and Al on the glass substrate located over and directly contacting the second dielectric layer comprising zinc oxide, wherein the second high index dielectric layer comprising the nitride of Zr and Al contains more Zr than Al; and
another dielectric layer on the glass substrate located over at least the first and second high index dielectric layers and the first IR reflecting layer, and wherein at least one of the first and second high dielectric layers further comprises Si.

US Pat. No. 9,776,915

IG WINDOW UNIT INCLUDING DOUBLE SILVER COATING HAVING INCREASED SHGC TO U-VALUE RATIO, AND CORRESPONDING COATED ARTICLE FOR USE IN IG WINDOW UNIT OR OTHER WINDOW

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A coated article including a low-emissivity (low-E) coating on a substrate, the low-E coating comprising, moving away from
the substrate:
a dielectric layer;
a dielectric layer comprising metal oxide;
a first lower contact layer;
a first IR reflecting layer comprising silver located over and directly contacting the first lower contact layer;
a first upper contact layer comprising metal oxide located over and directly contacting the first IR reflecting layer comprising
silver;

a layer comprising zinc stannate located over and directly contacting the first upper contact layer comprising metal oxide;
a layer consisting essentially of tin oxide located over and directly contacting the layer comprising zinc stannate;
a second lower contact layer consisting essentially of zinc oxide, which may optionally be doped with aluminum, located over
and directly contacting the layer consisting essentially of tin oxide;

wherein a total thickness of the layer comprising zinc stannate and the layer consisting essentially of tin oxide is from
600-900 Å;

a second IR reflecting layer comprising silver located over and directly contacting the second lower contact layer;
a second upper contact layer located over and directly contacting the second IR reflecting layer comprising silver; and
a dielectric layer;
wherein the low-E coating has only two IR reflecting layers comprising silver, and wherein the low-E coating has a normal
emissivity of no greater than 0.04;

wherein a ratio of a thickness of the first IR reflecting layer comprising silver to a thickness of the second IR reflecting
layer comprising silver, calculated as the thickness of the first IR reflecting layer comprising silver divided by the thickness
of the second IR reflecting layer comprising silver, is from 0.30 to 0.50; and

wherein the coated article, measured monolithically, has a visible transmission of at least about 70% and/or a film side visible
reflectance of no greater than 6.5%.

US Pat. No. 10,207,951

WINDOW WITH UV-TREATED LOW-E COATING AND METHOD OF MAKING SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A method of making a coated article for use in a window, the method comprising:having a coated article including a glass substrate that supports a coating comprising at least one layer comprising silver located directly on and contacting a layer comprising zinc oxide that can absorb ultraviolet (UV) radiation, the coating further comprising a dielectric layer between the layer comprising zinc oxide and the glass substrate, and at least one upper dielectric layer located over the layer comprising silver so that the layer comprising silver is located between at least the upper dielectric layer and the glass substrate;
directing UV radiation from at least one UV source toward the coating and exposing the coating to UV radiation in order to reduce a sheet resistance of the coating; and
wherein the coated article has a visible transmission of at least about 50% after said exposing.

US Pat. No. 10,207,953

METHOD TO GENERATE HIGH LSG LOW-EMISSIVITY COATING WITH SAME COLOR AFTER HEAT TREATMENT

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

3. A heat treated coated article including a low-E coating supported by a glass substrate, the low-E coating comprising at least the following layers from the glass substrate outwardly:a first layer comprising zinc, tin, and oxygen;
a layer comprising zinc oxide on the glass substrate over at least the first layer comprising zinc, tin, and oxygen;
an infrared (IR) reflecting layer comprising silver on the glass substrate over and directly contacting the layer comprising zinc oxide;
a layer comprising nickel, niobium, titanium and oxygen on the glass substrate, over at least the IR reflecting layer, wherein oxygen content of the layer comprising nickel, niobium, titanium and oxygen is from 10 to 30 atomic %;
a second layer comprising zinc, tin and oxygen on the glass substrate over at least the layer comprising nickel, niobium, titanium and oxygen;
another layer comprising zinc oxide;
a second IR reflecting layer comprising silver over and directly contacting the another layer comprising zinc oxide;
another layer comprising nickel, niobium, titanium and oxygen, wherein oxygen content of the another layer comprising nickel, niobium, titanium and oxygen is from 10 to 30 atomic %;
another layer comprising zinc, tin and oxygen;
wherein the coated article, measured monolithically, has a visible transmission of at least 80%; and
wherein the coated article has a glass side reflective ?E* value of no greater than 1.6 and a transmissive ?E* value of no greater than 1.5, due to the heat treatment which was at at least 580 degrees C.

US Pat. No. 10,207,486

METHOD OF MAKING VACUUM INSULATED GLASS (VIG) WINDOW UNIT INCLUDING ACTIVATING GETTER

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A method of making a vacuum insulated glass (VIG) unit, the method comprising:having first and second glass substrates, a plurality of spacers and a seal provided between at least the first and second glass substrates, a cavity to be evacuated to a pressure less than atmospheric pressure located between the first and second glass substrates, and at least one getter provided in the cavity;
activating the getter via at least radiation emitted from outside of the cavity, during and/or substantially at an end of an evacuation process in which the cavity is evacuated to a pressure less than atmospheric pressure;
wherein the cavity to be evacuated is located between the first and second glass substrates, and wherein a pump-out tube for evacuating the cavity extends in a direction substantially perpendicular to a major surface of at least one of the first and second glass substrates, and
wherein the pump-out tube extends through at least part of one of the first and second glass substrates, the pump-out tube being elongated so that the pump-out tube has a length longer than its width.

US Pat. No. 10,201,040

SYSTEM AND/OR METHOD FOR HEAT TREATING CONDUCTIVE COATINGS USING WAVELENGTH-TUNED INFRARED RADIATION

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. An infrared heat treatment system comprising:a coated article including on a glass substrate a layer comprising indium tin oxide located between and directly contacting first and second layers each comprising silicon nitride; and
an infrared heating element comprising a heater and configured to irradiate infrared radiation at a peak emission of 1-2 ?m at the coated article for a predetermined amount of time so as to cause preferential heating of the coating, or a portion of the coating, such that the glass substrate remains at a temperature below 425 degrees C. without any additional cooling elements.

US Pat. No. 10,173,579

MULTI-MODE MOISTURE SENSOR AND/OR DEFOGGER, AND RELATED METHODS

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A method of removing condensation from a refrigerator and/or freezer door including at least one glass substrate, the refrigerator and/or freezer door being connected to a heating system operable in at least first and second modes, the method comprising:when the heating system is operating in the first mode, heating the refrigerator and/or freezer door while condensation is detected as being present thereon, as determined via a moisture detector, wherein the moisture detector is affixed to a glass surface of the door; and
when the heating system is operating in the second mode:
heating the refrigerator and/or freezer door when the door is determined to be open, and
stopping heating of the refrigerator and/or freezer door in response to detecting that the refrigerator and/or freezer door is determined to be closed,
stopping heating of the refrigerator and/or freezer door in response to detecting of a thermal runaway,
wherein heating is stopped, in the second mode, in response to detecting that the door is closed, or detecting the thermal runaway, whichever detection comes first.

US Pat. No. 10,112,866

COATED ARTICLE WITH LOW-E COATING HAVING ABSORBING LAYERS FOR LOW FILM SIDE REFLECTANCE AND LOW VISIBLE TRANSMISSION

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

9. A coated article including a coating supported by a glass substrate, the coating comprising:first and second infrared (IR) reflecting layers comprising silver, wherein said IR reflecting layers are spaced apart from one another by at least one dielectric layer that is located therebetween, and wherein the first IR reflecting layer is located closer to the glass substrate than is the second IR reflecting layer;
a first absorption layer comprising NiCr located such that the first absorption layer is located between the glass substrate and the first IR reflecting layer,
a second absorption layer comprising NiCr located such that both the first and second IR reflecting layers are located between the glass substrate and the second absorption layer,
wherein the first absorption layer and the second absorption layer are each sandwiched between and contacting dielectric layers;
wherein each of the first and second absorption layers comprises from 0-10% oxygen (atomic %) and from 1-15% nitrogen (atomic %);
wherein no metallic absorption layer is located between the first and second IR reflecting layers comprising silver;
wherein said coated article has a visible transmission of from about 20-43%, measured monolithically; and
wherein, measured monolithically, the coated article has a visible film side reflectance (RfY) that is lower than its visible glass side reflectance (RgY).

US Pat. No. 10,233,531

COATED ARTICLE WITH LOW-E COATING HAVING PROTECTIVE DOPED SILVER LAYER FOR PROTECTING SILVER BASED IR REFLECTING LAYER(S), AND METHOD OF MAKING SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A coated article including a coating supported by a glass substrate, the coating comprising:a first dielectric layer on the glass substrate;
an metallic or substantially metallic infrared (IR) reflecting layer comprising silver on the glass substrate located over at least the first dielectric layer;
a protective layer comprising doped silver on the glass substrate located over and directly contacting the IR reflecting layer comprising silver;
a second dielectric layer on the glass substrate located over at least the first dielectric layer, the IR reflecting layer comprising silver, and the protective layer comprising doped silver;
wherein metal content of the protective layer comprising doped silver comprises from 80-99.5% Ag and from 0.5 to 20% dopant, atomic %, where the dopant is one or more of: Zn, Cu, Ni, W, Sn, Si, SiAl, ZnAl, ZnSi, ZnSiCu, and combinations thereof; and
wherein the coating has a sheet resistance (Rs) of no greater than 11 ohms/square and a normal emissivity (En) of no greater than 0.2.

US Pat. No. 10,233,532

COATED ARTICLE WITH LOW-E COATING HAVING REFLECTING SYSTEM WITH SILVER AND ZINC BASED BARRIER LAYER(S)

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A coated article including a coating supported by a glass substrate, the coating comprising:a first dielectric layer on the glass substrate;
a first barrier layer comprising zinc that is metallic or substantially metallic on the glass substrate over at least the first dielectric layer;
an infrared (IR) reflecting layer comprising silver on the glass substrate located over and directly contacting the first barrier layer comprising zinc;
a second barrier layer comprising zinc that is metallic or substantially metallic on the glass substrate over and directly contacting the IR reflecting layer comprising silver, so that the IR reflecting layer comprising silver is located between and directly contacting the first and second barrier layers comprising zinc;
another barrier layer comprising Ni and/or Cr located over and directly contacting the second barrier layer comprising zinc;
a second dielectric layer on the glass substrate located over at least each of: the first and second barrier layers, the another barrier layer, and the IR reflecting layer; and
wherein the coating has a sheet resistance (Rs) of no greater than 11 ohms/square and a normal emissivity (En) of no greater than 0.2.

US Pat. No. 10,234,609

SYSTEMS, METHODS, AND APPARATUS FOR PRODUCTION COATINGS OF LOW-EMISSIVITY GLASS INCLUDING A TERNARY ALLOY

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A coated article comprising:a glass substrate;
an infrared (IR) reflective layer comprising silver over at least the glass substrate, wherein the IR reflective layer comprising silver is located on and directly contacting a layer comprising zinc oxide;
a contact layer located on and directly contacting the IR reflecting layer comprising silver;
a dielectric layer formed over the IR reflective layer comprising silver and over the contact layer, so that the IR reflective layer is formed between at least the dielectric layer and the glass substrate,
wherein the dielectric layer comprises zinc tin aluminum oxide, wherein an atomic ratio of zinc to tin in the dielectric layer is from 0.67 to 1.5, and wherein the dielectric layer comprises between about 1 atomic % and 15 atomic % aluminum.

US Pat. No. 10,226,986

ARTICLES INCLUDING ITO INCLUSIVE COATINGS FOR VEHICLE WINDSHIELDS AND/OR METHODS OF MAKING THE SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A vehicle windshield comprising:first and second glass substrates of the vehicle windshield;
wherein the first and second glass substrates of the vehicle windshield are coupled together;
a coating comprising a plurality of layers provided on the first glass substrate, the plurality of layers including, moving away from the first glass substrate:
(a) a first dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride;
(b) a dielectric layer comprising an oxide of titanium;
(c) a dielectric layer comprising silicon oxynitride;
(d) a layer comprising indium-tin-oxide (ITO);
(e) a dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride; and
(f) a dielectric layer comprising an oxide of zirconium;
wherein the layer (f) comprising the oxide of zirconium is an uppermost layer of the coating and is the layer of the coating farthest from the first glass substrate;
wherein the coating is not located between the first and second glass substrates.

US Pat. No. 10,227,819

COATED ARTICLE WITH LOW-E COATING HAVING DOPED SILVER IR REFLECTING LAYER(S)

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A coated article including a coating supported by a glass substrate, the coating comprising:a first dielectric layer on the glass substrate;
a first contact layer on the glass substrate over at least the first dielectric layer;
an infrared (IR) reflecting layer comprising Ag, Zn, Si, and Cu, the IR reflecting layer being on the glass substrate located over and directly contacting the first contact layer, and wherein the IR reflecting layer comprises from 80-99% Ag, from 0.4-20% Zn, from 0.1-10% Si, and from 0.3-5% Cu (atomic %), wherein the IR reflecting layer contains more Ag than each of Zn, Si, and Cu, and wherein the IR reflecting layer contains more Zn than Cu;
a second contact layer on the glass substrate located over and directly contacting the IR reflecting layer;
a second dielectric layer on the glass substrate located over at least the first and second contact layers and the IR reflecting layer;
wherein the coating has a sheet resistance (Rs) of no greater than 11 ohms/square and a normal emissivity (En) of no greater than 0.2; and
wherein the coated article has a light-to-solar gain ratio (LSG) of at least 1.10.

US Pat. No. 10,227,690

COATED ARTICLE WITH LOW-E COATING HAVING MULTILAYER OVERCOAT AND METHOD OF MAKING SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A coated article including a coating having a layer system supported by a glass substrate, the layer system comprising:a first dielectric layer on the glass substrate;
an IR reflecting layer comprising silver on the glass substrate over at least the first dielectric layer;
a contact layer on the glass substrate over and directly contacting the IR reflecting layer;
a second dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride on the glass substrate over at least the contact layer;
a layer comprising Ni and Cr on the glass substrate over and directly contacting the second dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride;
a third dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride on the glass substrate over and directly contacting the layer comprising Ni and Cr;
a layer comprising zirconium oxide on the glass substrate over and directly contacting the third dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride, so that the layer comprising Ni and Cr is located between and directly contacting said second dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride and said third dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride;
wherein the layer comprising Ni and Cr is from 1-3 nm thick;
wherein the layer comprising zirconium oxide is from 3-8 nm thick;
wherein the layer comprising Ni and Cr is substantially thinner than each of the second and third dielectric layers comprising silicon nitride and is also substantially thinner than the IR reflecting layer comprising silver;
wherein the layer comprising zirconium oxide is substantially thinner than each of the second and third dielectric layers comprising silicon nitride; and
wherein the coating contains only one silver-based IR reflecting layer.

US Pat. No. 10,216,347

TRANSPARENT CONDUCTIVE COATING FOR CAPACITIVE TOUCH PANEL WITH SILVER HAVING ADJUSTED RESISTANCE

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A capacitive touch panel, comprising:a glass substrate;
a patterned multi-layer transparent conductive coating supported by the glass substrate, the multi-layer transparent conductive coating including at least one conductive layer comprising silver, a dielectric layer located between at least the glass substrate and the conductive layer comprising silver, and a dielectric layer comprising one or more of: zirconium oxide, silicon nitride, and tin oxide located over the conductive layer comprising silver, each of said layers of the multi-layer transparent conductive coating patterned in the same manner;
a plurality of electrodes configured for allowing touch position to be determined, wherein at least some of the electrodes comprise the multi-layer transparent conductive coating; and
a processor configured for determining touch position on the touch panel;
wherein the processor is in electrical communication with at least some of the electrodes, for determining touch position on the touch panel; and
wherein the plurality of electrodes are supported by the glass substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,214,956

HEAT TREATABLE COATED ARTICLE HAVING TITANIUM NITRIDE AND NICKEL CHROME BASED IR REFLECTING LAYERS

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A coated article including a coating supported by a glass substrate, the coating comprising:a first dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride;
a first infrared (IR) reflecting layer comprising NiCr on the glass substrate over at least the first dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride;
a second dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride on the glass substrate over at least the first dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride and the first IR reflecting layer comprising NiCr;
a second IR reflecting layer comprising a nitride of titanium on the glass substrate over at least the second dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride;
wherein the second dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride is located between and directly contacting the first and second IR reflecting layers;
a third dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride on the glass substrate over at least the second IR reflecting layer comprising the nitride of titanium;
wherein the coating contains no IR reflecting layer based on silver; and
wherein the coated article has: a visible transmission from about 12-70%, a glass side visible reflectance no greater than 14%, a film side visible reflectance no greater than about 16%, a glass side reflective a* value of from ?8 to +1.6, and a film side reflective a* color value of from ?8 to +1.6.

US Pat. No. 10,214,446

TEMPERABLE THREE LAYER ANTIREFLECTIVE COATING, COATED ARTICLE INCLUDING TEMPERABLE THREE LAYER ANTIREFLECTIVE COATING, AND/OR METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A coated article comprising an antireflective coating supported by a first major surface of a substrate, wherein the antireflective coating comprises, in order moving away from the substrate:a silicon-inclusive medium index layer disposed, directly or indirectly, on the first major surface of the substrate;
a high index layer disposed over and contacting the medium index layer, the high index layer having a thickness of at least 85 nm;
a low index layer disposed over and contacting the high index layer;
wherein the medium index layer comprises silicon oxynitride and has an index of refraction of from about 1.65 to 2.0 at 380 nm, 550 nm, and 780 nm wavelengths, the high index layer has an index of refraction of at least about 2.0 at 380 nm, 550 nm, and 780 nm wavelengths, and the low index layer has an index of refraction of from about 1.4 to 1.6 at 380 nm, 550 nm, and 780 nm wavelengths.

US Pat. No. 10,214,447

COATED ARTICLE INCLUDING LOW-EMISSIVITY COATING, INSULATING GLASS UNIT INCLUDING COATED ARTICLE, AND/OR METHODS OF MAKING THE SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A heat treated coated article including a low-E coating, comprising:a glass substrate, and the low-E coating of the heat treated coated article including the following layers moving from the glass substrate outwardly:
at least one first dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride;
a first layer comprising Ni and Ti on and contacting the first dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride;
an IR reflecting layer comprising Ag on and contacting the first layer comprising Ni and Ti;
a second layer that is metallic and comprising Ni and Ti on and contacting the IR reflecting layer comprising Ag, wherein each of the first and second layers comprising Ni and Ti comprise with respect to metal content from about 5 to 20% Ni and from about 80-95% Ti;
another dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride on the glass substrate over at least the second layer comprising Ni and Ti;
wherein the coating has a sheet resistance of less than or equal to about 1.2 ohms/sq.; and
wherein the coated article has a visible transmission of at least about 65%.

US Pat. No. 10,213,988

COATED ARTICLE HAVING LOW-E COATING WITH IR REFLECTING LAYER(S) AND NIOBIUM-DOPED TITANIUM OXIDE DIELECTRIC LAYER(S) AND METHOD OF MAKING SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A coated article including a coating supported by a glass substrate, the coating comprising:a first transparent dielectric layer on the glass substrate;
an infrared (IR) reflecting layer comprising silver on the glass substrate, located over at least the first transparent dielectric layer;
a second transparent dielectric layer on the glass substrate, located over at least the IR reflecting layer;
an overcoat over the IR reflecting layer comprising silver; and
wherein the overcoat comprises a layer comprising TiNbOx, a layer comprising zinc oxide, and a layer comprising silicon nitride, wherein the layer comprising zinc oxide is located between and directly contacting the layer comprising TiNbOx and the layer comprising silicon nitride; and
wherein at least one of the first and second transparent dielectric layers is amorphous or substantially amorphous, and comprises an oxide of Ti doped with at least one of Nb, Sn, SnZn, Zr, Y, and Ba, and wherein metal content of the amorphous or substantially amorphous layer comprises from about 70-99.5% Ti and from about 0.5-30% of at least one of Nb, Sn, SnZn, Zr, Y, and Ba (atomic %).

US Pat. No. 10,179,946

COATED ARTICLE HAVING LOW-E COATING WITH IR REFLECTING LAYER(S) AND NIOBIUM BISMUTH BASED HIGH INDEX LAYER AND METHOD OF MAKING SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A coated article including a coating supported by a glass substrate, the coating comprising:a first transparent dielectric layer on the glass substrate;
an infrared (IR) reflecting layer comprising silver on the glass substrate, located over at least the first transparent dielectric layer;
a second transparent dielectric layer on the glass substrate, located over at least the IR reflecting layer; and
wherein at least one of the first and second transparent dielectric layers is amorphous or substantially amorphous, and comprises an oxide of Nb and Bi wherein the metal content of the oxide of Nb and Bi is from 55-99% Nb and from 1-45% Bi (atomic %).

US Pat. No. 10,145,005

TECHNIQUES FOR LOW TEMPERATURE DIRECT GRAPHENE GROWTH ON GLASS

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A method of making a coated article including a graphene-inclusive thin film supported by a glass substrate, the method comprising:forming a layer comprising Si on the substrate;
forming a layer comprising Ni on the layer comprising Si;
engineering stress in the layer comprising Ni via He ion implantation and annealing;
following the engineering of stress, growing graphene on both major surfaces of the layer comprising Ni via plasma-related chemical vapor deposition; and
mechanically removing the layer comprising Ni and the graphene on the major surface of the layer comprising Ni opposite the substrate, at least some graphene initially formed at an interface of the layer comprising Si and the layer comprising Ni remaining on the substrate on the layer comprising Si following the mechanical removal, in making the graphene-inclusive thin film,
wherein the annealing is performed, and the graphene is grown, at 450-550 degrees C., the graphene is grown in 1-5 minutes, and He exposure associated with the He ion implantation is no more than 5 minutes.

US Pat. No. 10,253,560

COATED ARTICLE WITH IR REFLECTING LAYER(S) AND OVERCOAT FOR IMPROVING SOLAR GAIN AND VISIBLE TRANSMISSION

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A coated article including a coating supported by a glass substrate, the coating comprising:a first dielectric layer;
an infrared (IR) reflecting layer comprising silver on the glass substrate, located over at least the first dielectric layer;
a contact layer on the glass substrate located over and directly contacting the IR reflecting layer;
a multilayer overcoat comprising a dielectric high index layer having a refractive index (n) of at least 2.2, a dielectric medium index layer having a refractive index (n) of from 1.9 to 2.1, and a dielectric low index layer having a refractive index of no greater than 1.7, and wherein the medium index layer is thinner than each of the high and low index layers and is located between and directly contacting the high index layer and the low index layer; and
wherein the coating has a normal emissivity (En) of no greater than 0.2 and the coated article has a visible transmission of at least 80% measured monolithically.

US Pat. No. 10,248,274

TRANSPARENT CONDUCTIVE COATING FOR CAPACITIVE TOUCH PANEL AND METHOD OF MAKING SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A capacitive touch panel, comprising:a substrate;
a patterned multi-layer transparent conductive coating supported by the substrate, the multi-layer transparent conductive coating including a first conductive layer comprising silver, a dielectric layer located between at least the substrate and the first conductive layer comprising silver, and a dielectric layer comprising one or more of: zirconium oxide, silicon nitride, and tin oxide, located over at least the first conductive layer comprising silver, each of said layers of the multi-layer transparent conductive coating patterned in the same shape;
a first set of electrodes;
a second set of electrodes;
wherein the first and second sets of electrodes are configured for allowing touch position to be determined, wherein at least some of the electrodes comprise the multi-layer transparent conductive coating; and
a processor configured for determining touch position on the touch panel;
wherein the processor is in electrical communication with at least some of the electrodes, for determining touch position on the touch panel; and
wherein the plurality of electrodes are supported by the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,248,276

TRANSPARENT CONDUCTIVE COATING FOR CAPACITIVE TOUCH PANEL WITH OPTIONAL ADDITIONAL FUNCTIONAL FILM(S)

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A capacitive touch panel, comprising:a glass substrate;
a patterned multi-layer transparent conductive coating supported by the glass substrate, the patterned multi-layer transparent conductive coating including at least one conductive layer comprising silver, a layer comprising Ni and Cr directly contacting the conductive layer comprising silver, and a dielectric layer comprising zirconium oxide and/or silicon nitride over at least the conductive layer comprising silver, each of said layers of the patterned multi-layer transparent conductive coating patterned in the same shape;
a plurality of electrodes and a plurality of conductive traces, wherein the electrodes and/or the conductive traces include the multi-layer transparent conductive coating;
a processor for detecting touch position on the touch panel; and
a plurality of the electrodes are electrically connected to the processor by conductive traces.

US Pat. No. 10,247,855

GREY COLORED HEAT TREATABLE COATED ARTICLE HAVING LOW SOLAR FACTOR VALUE

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A coated article having grey glass side reflective coloration and including a layer system supported by a glass substrate, the layer system comprising:a first dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride;
a first infrared (IR) reflecting layer comprising NbZr on the glass substrate over at least the first dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride;
a second dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride on the glass substrate over at least the first dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride and the first IR reflecting layer comprising NbZr;
a second layer IR reflecting layer comprising NbZr on the glass substrate over at least the second dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride;
wherein the second dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride is located directly between and contacting the first and second IR reflecting layers comprising NbZr;
a third dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride on the glass substrate over at least the second IR reflecting layer comprising NbZr;
wherein the coated article has no metallic infrared (IR) reflecting layer based on Ag and/or Au;
wherein the coated article has: glass side/exterior reflective grey coloration comprising a glass side/exterior reflective a* value of from ?3.0 to +5.0, a glass side/exterior reflective b* value of from ?10.0 to +2.0, a glass side/exterior reflective L* value of from 20-42, and a visible transmission of no greater than 16%, and
wherein the coated article (i) if measured monolithically has an SF value of no greater than 0.33 and an SHGC value of no greater than 0.39, and/or (ii) if an insulating glass (IG) window unit having two glass substrates has an SF value of no greater than 0.23 and an SHGC value of no greater than 0.27.

US Pat. No. 10,246,372

BLUE COLORED HEAT TREATABLE COATED ARTICLE HAVING LOW SOLAR FACTOR VALUE

Guardian Europe S.A.R.L.,...

1. A coated article having blue glass side reflective coloration and including a layer system supported by a glass substrate, the layer system comprising:a first dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride;
a first infrared (IR) reflecting layer comprising NbZr on the glass substrate over at least the first dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride;
a second dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride on the glass substrate over at least the first dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride and the first IR reflecting layer comprising NbZr;
a second layer IR reflecting layer comprising NbZr on the glass substrate over at least the second dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride;
wherein the second dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride is located directly between and contacting the first and second IR reflecting layers comprising NbZr;
a third dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride on the glass substrate over at least the second IR reflecting layer comprising NbZr;
wherein the coated article contains no metallic infrared (IR) reflecting layer based on Ag and/or Au, and wherein the IR reflecting layers do not physically contact any other metallic or substantially metallic layer; and
wherein the coated article: has glass side visible reflectance of no greater than 18%, a film side/interior reflective a* color value of ?2 to +12, glass side/exterior reflective blue coloration comprising a glass side/exterior b* color value of from ?8.0 to ?30.0; and (i) if measured monolithically has an SF value of no greater than 0.35 and an SHGC value of no greater than 0.40, and/or (ii) if an insulating glass (IG) window unit having two glass substrates has an SF value of no greater than 0.25 and an SHGC value of no greater than 0.27.

US Pat. No. 10,229,364

MOISTURE SENSOR AND/OR DEFOGGER WITH BAYESIAN IMPROVEMENTS, AND RELATED METHODS

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A method of detecting moisture on a glass substrate, the method comprising:providing a parameterized model (M) for a possible moisture-related disturbance;
providing background information (I) concerning the model;
calculating a prior probability of M given I, P(M|I);
collecting data from at least one sensor (D) connected to the substrate;
computing a probability of the model given D and I, P(M|D,I);
repeating the computing of P(M|D,I) as additional data is collected; and
accepting the model if P(M|D,I) meets and/or exceeds a predetermined threshold,
wherein the glass substrate is a part of a vehicle window, building window, or merchandiser window; and
wherein acceptance of the model triggers an action to be taken relative to the glass substrate, the action being selected from the group consisting of: (i) causing a wiper to remove moisture from a vehicle window, (ii) heating the glass substrate, and (iii) defrosting the glass substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,196,735

COATED ARTICLE HAVING LOW-E COATING WITH IR REFLECTING LAYER(S) AND DOPED TITANIUM OXIDE DIELECTRIC LAYER(S) AND METHOD OF MAKING SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A coated article including a coating supported by a glass substrate, the coating comprising:a first transparent dielectric layer on the glass substrate;
an infrared (IR) reflecting layer comprising silver on the glass substrate, located over at least the first transparent dielectric layer;
a second transparent dielectric layer on the glass substrate, located over at least the IR reflecting layer; and
wherein at least one of the first and second transparent dielectric layers is amorphous or substantially amorphous, and comprises an oxide of Ti doped with at least one of Sn, SnZn, Zr, Y, and Ba, and wherein metal content of the amorphous or substantially amorphous layer comprises from about 70-99.5% Ti and from about 0.5-30% Ba (atomic %).
US Pat. No. 10,196,299

VANADIUM-BASED FRIT MATERIALS, AND/OR METHODS OF MAKING THE SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...


US Pat. No. 10,196,303

COATED ARTICLE WITH LOW-E COATING HAVING LOW VISIBLE TRANSMISSION

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A coated article including a coating supported by a glass substrate, the coating comprising:first and second infrared (IR) reflecting layers comprising silver, the first IR reflecting layer being located closer to the glass substrate than is the second IR reflecting layer;
a first contact layer comprising NiCr and containing from 0-10% oxygen (atomic %) located over and directly contacting the first IR reflecting layer comprising silver;
a dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride;
a second contact layer comprising NiCr located over and directly contacting the layer comprising silicon nitride, so that the layer comprising silicon nitride is located between the second contact layer comprising NiCr and the glass substrate;
wherein the dielectric layer comprising silicon nitride is the only dielectric layer located between the first and second contact layers comprising NiCr;
the second IR reflecting layer comprising silver located over and directly contacting the second contact layer comprising NiCr;
a third contact layer comprising NiCr and comprising 0-5% oxygen located over and directly contacting the second IR reflecting layer; and
wherein the second IR reflecting layer comprising silver is at least 10 angstroms (?) thinner than the first IR reflecting layer comprising silver, and wherein the coated article has a visible transmission of no greater than 50%.

US Pat. No. 10,167,572

LARGE AREA DEPOSITION OF GRAPHENE VIA HETERO-EPITAXIAL GROWTH, AND PRODUCTS INCLUDING THE SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A method of making a graphene thin film, the method comprising:providing a back support substrate;
disposing a catalyst thin film, directly or indirectly, on the back support substrate;
introducing a hydrocarbon inclusive gas proximate to the catalyst thin film;
heating the back support substrate to cause the hydrocarbon inclusive gas to at least partially separate the carbon in the hydrocarbon inclusive gas and promote graphene growth in and/or on the catalyst thin film; and
actively cooling the back support substrate to promote crystallization of graphene, directly or indirectly, on an outermost surface of the catalyst thin film, in making the graphene thin film, said active cooling being performed in connection with an inert gas and in accordance with a cooling temperature profile that, as a whole, is non-constant, non-uniform, and non-linear in speed, and cools the back substrate from 900 degrees C. to 700 degrees C.

US Pat. No. 10,164,135

ELECTRONIC DEVICE INCLUDING GRAPHENE-BASED LAYER(S), AND/OR METHOD OR MAKING THE SAME

Guardian Glass, LLC, Aub...

1. A touch panel subassembly, comprising:a glass substrate;
a first transparent, conductive graphene-based layer provided, directly or indirectly, on the glass substrate;
a deformable foil, the deformable foil being substantially parallel and in spaced apart relation to the glass substrate; and
a second transparent, conductive graphene-based layer provided, directly or indirectly, on the deformable foil,
wherein each said graphene-based layer is hetero-epitaxially grown, directly or indirectly, on a metal catalyst thin film, and
wherein at least one of said catalyst thin films is electrochemically anodized so as to render the at least one catalyst thin film that is electrochemically anodized a substantially transparent metal oxide.