US Pat. No. 9,102,331

MULTI-FUNCTIONAL ELECTRIC MODULE FOR A VEHICLE

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A multi-functional electric module (eModule) for use with a vehicle having a chassis, a master controller, and a drive
wheel having a propulsion-braking module, the eModule comprising:
a steering control assembly having a steering motor and at least one steering controller, wherein each of the at least one
steering controller includes a first printed circuit board assembly (PCBA) operable to control the steering motor in response
to control signals from the master controller;

a mounting bracket positioned with respect to the steering control assembly, and having a mounting feature that is engageable
with the chassis;

a propulsion control assembly having a propulsion controller including a second PCBA that is in communication with the propulsion-braking
module;

a brake controller in communication with the propulsion-braking module, wherein the brake controller includes a third PCBA;
a housing that rotates with respect to the mounting bracket, wherein the housing includes an upper portion positioned adjacent
to the mounting bracket and containing the propulsion control assembly, and a lower portion which contains the brake controller;
and

a lower control arm connected to the lower portion of the housing, wherein the control arm contains a suspension system, and
wherein the lower control arm is connectable to the drive wheel via a wheel input/output block;

wherein the pair of steering controllers, the propulsion controller, and the brake controller are in communication with each
other and with the master controller, and are responsive to commands from the master controller to thereby control a respective
steering, propulsion, and braking function of the eModule.

US Pat. No. 9,255,988

OBJECT FUSION SYSTEM OF MULTIPLE RADAR IMAGING SENSORS

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method of detecting and tracking objects using multiple radar sensors comprising:
detecting objects relative to a host vehicle from radar data generated by a sensing device, the radar data including Doppler
measurement data;

forming clusters, by a processor, as a function of the radar data, each cluster representing a respective object;
classifying, by the processor, each respective object as stationary or non-stationary based on the Doppler measurement data
of each object and a vehicle speed of the host vehicle; and

applying target tracking, by the processor, on an object using Doppler measurement data over time in response to the object
classified as a non-stationary object, otherwise, updating an occupancy grid in response to classifying the object as a stationary
object.

US Pat. No. 9,067,617

WHEEL TURN INITIATOR

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A vehicle comprising:
a vehicle frame;
a wheel and tire assembly mounted with respect to the vehicle frame and selectively rotatable about a generally vertical axis;
and

a wheel turn initiator system mounted with respect to the frame and having a rod that extends to a distal end, with the distal
end facing the wheel and tire assembly;

wherein the wheel turn initiator system is configured such that an external force applied to a front end of the vehicle causes
the distal end of the rod to engage the wheel and tire assembly and thereby cause a forward portion of the wheel and tire
assembly to move inboard.

US Pat. No. 9,429,081

CYLINDER RE-ACTIVATION FUELING CONTROL SYSTEMS AND METHODS

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. An engine control system, comprising:
a cylinder control module that selectively activates and deactivates intake and exhaust valves of a cylinder of an engine;
and

a fuel control module that disables fueling of the cylinder when the intake and exhaust valves of the cylinder are deactivated
and that, when the intake and exhaust valves of the cylinder are activated after being deactivated for at least one combustion
cycle of the cylinder, adjusts fueling of the cylinder based on a predetermined reactivation fueling adjustment set for the
cylinder based on at least one constituent of exhaust resulting from the adjustment based on the predetermined fueling adjustment.

US Pat. No. 9,403,318

HEAT STAKE JOINING OF ADHESIVELY BONDED THERMOPLASTIC COMPONENTS

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A thermoplastic joint assembly comprising:
a first plate formed from a thermoplastic material, the first plate having a first joint surface and including a thermoplastic
protrusion extending from the first joint surface;

a second plate formed from the thermoplastic material, the second plate including:
a second joint surface configured to mate with the first joint surface of the first plate and including a receiving pocket
extending into the second plate;

a heat-apply surface opposite the second joint surface, including a local area having a land portion separating the receiving
pocket from the heat-apply surface, the land portion including a domed portion opposite the receiving pocket;

wherein the domed portion is configured to provide a reference identifier of a location of the thermoplastic protrusion; and
wherein the receiving pocket does not extend through the heat-apply surface;
wherein the receiving pocket of the second plate is adapted to receive the protrusion of the first plate when the first joint
surface abuts the second joint surface;

wherein the local area of the heat-apply surface of the second plate is configured to contact a thermal die having a temperature
above a melting point of the thermoplastic to conduct thermal energy into the second plate; and

wherein the conducted thermal energy melts the local area of the second plate proximate the receiving pocket and melts the
protrusion of the first plate such that the second plate and the first plate locally fuse together when the thermal energy
is removed.

US Pat. No. 9,231,260

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR REDISTRIBUTION OF THE FLOW OF FUEL UNDER FAULTED CONDITIONS IN A FUEL CELL SYSTEM

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A fuel cell system, comprising:
a fuel cell stack;
a fuel tank for storing fuel;
a plurality of fuel injectors that sequentially supply fuel from said fuel tank to said fuel cell stack; and
a controller for determining whether a fault condition exists in one of said plurality of fuel injectors, said controller
configured for redistributing the flow of fuel from a first injector to a second injector when the fault condition exists
in said first injector.

US Pat. No. 9,495,182

APPARATUS OF RECONFIGURABLE SOFTWARE MODE MANAGEMENT USING RUNTIME EXECUTION ENGINE

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method of reconfiguring software mode management for a system comprising the steps of:
identifying, by a primary controller, a prior status mode of a subsystem, the primary controller including a primary software
algorithm for controlling operations of the subsystem;

obtaining, by a runtime execution engine, a table identifying parameters for identifying a prior mode and determining a current
mode of the subsystem;

retrieving, by the runtime execution engine, a mode determination logic function in the table for determining whether a mode
change occurred;

executing, by the runtime execution engine, the mode determination logic function associated with the prior mode;
determining, by the runtime execution engine, a current mode from the table based on results from the execution of the mode
determination logic function;

identifying, by the runtime execution engine, an action list associated with the identified current mode in the table, the
action list identifying functions for transitioning from the prior mode to the current mode;

executing, by the runtime execution engine, an action list associated with the current mode including a list of action functions
for transitioning the previous mode to the current mode;

wherein the table is independently modifiable from the primary software algorithm.

US Pat. No. 9,381,957

ADAPTABLE AERODYNAMIC SPOILER FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A vehicle comprising:
a vehicle body having a first vehicle body end configured to face oncoming ambient airflow when the vehicle is in motion relative
to a road surface; and

a spoiler assembly mounted to the vehicle body and having:
a spoiler body configured to control a movement of the ambient airflow along the vehicle body, the spoiler body including:
a frame having an upper side, a lower side, a leading edge, and a trailing edge;
a first fluid bladder arranged on the upper side of the frame;
a second fluid bladder arranged on the lower side of the frame; and
a mechanism configured to selectively alter a shape of each of the first and second fluid bladders via respectively supplying
a fluid thereto and removing the fluid therefrom.

US Pat. No. 9,295,184

SCALABLE AND MODULAR APPROACH FOR POWER ELECTRONIC BUILDING BLOCK DESIGN IN AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A power electronic building block, comprising:
a housing having a base and walls extending generally perpendicularly from the base, the walls including a first set of walls
enclosing a first section on the base of the housing and a second set of walls enclosing a second section on the base of the
housing, the first set of walls being laterally offset from the second set of walls on the base;

a power module mounted on the base within the first section of the housing;
a controller mounted within the housing and coupled to the power module;
a capacitor assembly coupled to the power module and mounted on the base within the second section of the housing;
an AC bus bar mounted within the housing; and
a DC bus bar coupling the capacitor assembly to the power module and mounted within the housing.

US Pat. No. 9,263,751

METHOD TO REDUCE PRESSURE WHEN INJECTORS ARE STUCK OPEN UNDER FAULTED CONDITIONS AND REMEDIAL ACTION TO PREVENT WALK-HOME INCIDENT

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method for operating a fuel cell system, the method comprising the steps of:
(a) providing a fuel cell stack having a plurality of anode injectors in fluid communication with an anode inlet of the fuel
cell stack and a control system in electrical communication with the fuel cell stack and the anode injectors;

(b) determining if an anode injector has failed in an open state using the control system to monitor for a pressure at predetermined
points in the fuel cell stack;

(c) enabling the fuel cell stack to continue operation if an anode injector has failed in an open state using the control
system to open a vent valve disposed downstream from an anode outlet of the fuel cell stack to decrease a pressure in the
fuel cell stack, wherein opening of the vent valve exposes the anode outlet of the fuel cell stack to a pressure in a cathode
exhaust;

(d) increasing a flow of air to a cathode side of the fuel cell stack by increasing a speed of a compressor relative to a
speed of the compressor immediately prior to the determining that an anode injector has failed in an open state.

US Pat. No. 9,249,608

FLUSH DOOR HANDLE WITH SHAPE MEMORY ALLOY DRIVE AND HEATED HANDLE TO BODY SEAL

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A door assembly for a vehicle, the door assembly comprising:
a structure including an exterior panel having an exterior surface defining an opening extending through the exterior panel;
a grab bar having an outboard surface, and moveable relative to the exterior surface of the exterior panel between a retracted
position and an extended position, wherein the grab bar is positioned within the opening with the outboard surface of the
grab bar approximately flush with the exterior surface of the exterior panel when the grab bar is disposed in the retracted
position, and wherein the grab bar is laterally spaced outboard of the exterior surface of the exterior panel when the grab
bar is disposed in the extended position;

a first linkage system interconnecting a first longitudinal end of the grab bar and the structure;
a second linkage system interconnecting a second longitudinal end of the grab bar and the structure; and
a drive assembly coupled to the first linkage system and the second linkage system, and operable to move the grab bar between
the extended position and the retracted position, wherein the drive assembly includes:

a Shape Memory Alloy (SMA) actuator operable to contract in response to a control signal, wherein contraction of the SMA actuator
moves the first linkage system and the second linkage system simultaneously to move the grab bar from the retracted position
into the extended position.

US Pat. No. 9,337,503

FUEL CELL POWER CONTROL BY OFFSET ESTIMATION

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method for providing power control in a fuel cell system, said fuel cell system including a fuel cell stack and controlled
and uncontrolled system loads, said method comprising:
providing power from the fuel cell stack on a power bus to power the system loads;
measuring the power on the power bus to provide an actual stack power signal;
providing a difference between an upper power limit signal and the actual power stack signal to a controller to generate a
power offset signal;

determining whether the fuel cell stack is able to provide enough power to satisfy a load power request signal;
adding the load power request signal and the power offset signal to generate a stack power request signal and causing the
upper power limit signal to move towards and be matched to the actual stack power signal if the fuel cell stack is able to
provide enough power to satisfy the load power request signal; and

subtracting the power offset signal and the upper power limit signal to provide a first power limit signal to limit the power
draw of the controlled system loads so that the actual stack power signal moves towards and is matched to the upper power
limit signal if the fuel cell stack is not able to provide enough power to satisfy the load power request signal.

US Pat. No. 9,243,765

EXTERIOR LIGHT FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE, AND A METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SUCH A LIGHT

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. An exterior light for a motor vehicle, comprising:
a carrier element;
an optics;
an illuminating device arranged between the carrier element and the optics with a circuit board and an illuminant attached
the circuit board; and

a positioning element that passes through an opening in the circuit board and engages in a recess;
wherein the positioning element comprises a mounting pin on the optics that engages in a bore in the circuit board:
wherein the mounting pin of the optics extends through the bore in the carrier element and on a side of the carrier element
facing away from the optics is attached by a fixing element, in particular a reshaping of the mounting pin.

US Pat. No. 9,266,518

COMPONENT CONTROL SYSTEM FOR A VEHICLE

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A central operating system comprising:
a first component control system configured for controlling a first electric steering, propulsion, braking, and suspension
subsystem component (eModule);

a second component control system configured for controlling a second eModule;
a third component control system configured for controlling a third eModule; and
a fourth component control system configured for controlling a fourth eModule;
a primary master controller in operative communication with each of the first, second, third, and fourth component control
systems; and

a secondary master controller in operative communication with each of the first, second, third, and fourth component control
systems;

wherein each of the first, second, third, and fourth component control systems includes at least one of:
a steering module configured for directing steering of the respective modular component, wherein the steering module includes:
a first and second steering controller; and
a first and second steering sensor;
a propulsion module configured for directing propulsion of the respective modular component, wherein the propulsion module
includes:

a propulsion controller; and
a first and second propulsion sensor;
a braking module configured for directing braking of the respective modular component, wherein the braking module includes
a braking controller; and

a communications module operatively connected to each of the steering module, the propulsion module, and the braking module,
wherein the communications module is configured for communicating with the primary and secondary controller;

wherein the primary master controller and the secondary master controller are configured to simultaneously transmit commands
to at least one of the first, second, third, and fourth component control systems; and

wherein the first, second, third, and fourth component control systems are each configured to accept commands from the secondary
master controller only when a fault occurs in the primary master controller.

US Pat. No. 9,102,315

SLIP-BASED RELEASE VERIFICATION FOR A BINARY CLUTCH ASSEMBLY

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A vehicle comprising:
an engine; and
a transmission assembly having:
a stationary member;
a plurality of gear sets;
an input member that is continuously connected to the engine and to one of the plurality of gear sets;
a friction clutch which selectively connects an element of one of the gear sets to the stationary member or to an element
of another of the gear sets;

a binary clutch assembly having a freewheeling element which holds torque only in a first rotational direction and a binary
device that, when engaged, prevents rotation of the binary clutch assembly in a second rotational direction, and that allows
the binary clutch assembly to freewheel in the second rotational direction opposite the first rotational direction when released;
and

a transmission control module (TCM) in communication with the binary clutch assembly, wherein the TCM includes a processor
and memory on which is recorded instructions for selectively delaying a release of the binary clutch assembly, and wherein
execution of the instructions from the memory via the processor causes the TCM to:

detect a requested shift of the transmission requiring an engagement of the friction clutch;
command the release of the binary clutch assembly in response to the detected requested shift;
determine an amount of slip across the binary clutch assembly; and
execute the requested shift of the transmission only when the determined amount of slip exceeds a calibrated slip threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,452,776

STEERING GEAR REVERSAL CLUNK NOISE CHARACTERIZATION

GM Global Technology Oper...

8. A system comprising:
a rotary actuator responsive to a steering input angle control signal;
a steering system having a steering shaft, a rack having a longitudinal axis, a pinion gear disposed on an end of the steering
shaft in meshed engagement with the rack, and a steering assist motor operable for assisting a steering maneuver;

a linear actuator operable for providing a calibrated axial apply force along the longitudinal axis of the rack at a constant
apply rate;

an accelerometer operable for measuring an axial acceleration of the rack along the longitudinal axis in response to application
of the calibrated axial apply force; and

a controller programmed to characterize steering gear reversal clunk noise in the steering system, wherein execution of instructions
by the controller causes the controller to:

transmit the steering input angle control signal to the rotary actuator, while the steering assist motor assists the steering
maneuver, to thereby set the steering shaft at a calibrated fixed steering angle;

transmit an axial force signal to the linear actuator to thereby impart a calibrated axial force along the longitudinal axis
of the rack at a constant apply rate;

measure an axial acceleration value of the rack via an accelerometer after imparting the calibrated axial force; and
execute a control action with respect to the steering system when a peak amplitude of the measured axial acceleration value
exceeds a calibrated threshold axial acceleration value indicative of an unacceptable level of the steering gear reversal
clunk noise.

US Pat. No. 9,295,186

ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE REDUCTION ASSEMBLY FOR A TRANSMISSION OF A VEHICLE

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. An electromagnetic interference reduction assembly for a transmission of a vehicle, the assembly comprising:
a transmission casing including a base and a plurality of walls extending outwardly away from the base to a distal edge, with
the transmission casing defining a first cavity between the walls and including a platform disposed between the walls to further
define the first cavity;

a power inverter module disposed in the first cavity and supported by the platform when in the first cavity, with the power
inverter module generating electrical noise during operation which produces electromagnetic interference;

a lid attached to the distal edge of the walls of the transmission casing to contain the power inverter module inside the
first cavity; and

a connector plug extending from the power inverter module;
a grounding member surrounding the connector plug and the grounding member engaging the power inverter module and the lid
when the lid is attached to the transmission casing to electrically connect the power inverter module to the lid to reduce
the electrical noise exiting the first cavity which reduces the electromagnetic interference exiting the first cavity.

US Pat. No. 9,228,554

SUPPORTING A DRIVER OF A MOTOR VEHICLE IN UTILIZING AN AUTOMATIC START-STOP SYSTEM

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method for supporting a driver of a motor vehicle in utilizing an automatic engine start-stop system of the motor vehicle,
the method comprising the steps of:
determining a first limit value tG1 that indicates a time, which, after an engine of the motor vehicle has been stopped through the automatic engine start-stop
system, has to elapse until an energy saving through the stopping of the engine compared with a continued operation of the
engine is obtained, wherein the first limit value tG1 accounts for at least one consumption of fuel and electric energy applicable to a standing phase of the motor vehicle with
the engine running;

registering a time ?t(t)=|t0?t| currently carried out through the automatic engine start-stop system, where

t0: a point of time at which the engine is stopped through the automatic engine start-stop system,

t: a time; and
generating and outputting a visually and/or haptically and/or acoustically perceptible information dependent on the first
limit value tG1 and the time ?t(t), from which the driver can gather the time ?t(t) with effect from which the engine stop leads to the energy
saving.

US Pat. No. 9,237,197

METHOD AND APPARATUS OF USING SEPARATE REVERSE CHANNEL FOR USER INPUT IN MOBILE DEVICE DISPLAY REPLICATION

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method of controlling media content between a source and a remote output device, the method comprising the steps of:
providing an autonomous portable multimedia device adapted to relay media content, the portable device including a control
server, a data server, and a content cache;

providing a head control unit for fixed operation at a viewer seating location including a control client and a data client,
the head control unit including a media output device for playback of the relayed media content, the head control unit being
remote from the portable device;

selecting a communication scheme;
initiating a first local network link between the control client and the control server for transmitting control signals from
a remote desktop client and a real time streaming protocol client of the head control unit to a remote desktop server and
a real time streaming server of the portable device;

initiating a second local network link between the data server and the data client for transmitting media content signals
between a real time protocol server of the portable device and a real time protocol client of the head control unit, wherein
the first local network link has a lower traffic volume capacity than the second local network link and a shorter latency
for the control signals than for the media content signal over the second local network link;

receiving user input data at the head control unit, the user input data relating to a user's request for altering playback
of the relayed media content;

the control client generating the control signals identifying the user's request and transmitting them to the control server
using the first local network link;

the control server providing instructions to the data server for executing the user request;
synching the data server with the content cache for retrieving media data used to carry out the instructions;
transmitting the retrieved media data from the data server to the data client using the second local network link; and
outputting the media data to the user over the media output device.

US Pat. No. 9,127,973

VALIDATION METHOD FOR PRESSURE SENSOR SIGNAL AT ELECTRICAL CONTROLLED HIGH PRESSURE GAS STORAGE SYSTEMS

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method for validating a pressure sensor between a gas source and a pressure regulator that regulates the pressure of
a gas flow from the gas source, said method comprising:
injecting a flow of the gas from the source into a device using at least one injector;
controlling the pressure of the gas within a volume of an input line that is between the pressure regulator and the injector
using the pressure regulator, wherein the pressure regulator operates according to a valve command signal from a controller;

providing a look-up table, wherein a bias signal for opening the pressure regulator is selected using the look-up table;
comparing the selected bias signal to the valve command signal; and
determining there is a pressure sensor error if the difference between the selected bias signal and the valve command signal
is above a predetermined threshold value.

US Pat. No. 9,151,211

METHOD OF MONITORING AN ENGINE COOLANT SYSTEM OF A VEHICLE

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method of monitoring an engine coolant system of a vehicle, the method comprising:
circulating an engine coolant through the engine coolant system, including an engine operable to generate heat that the engine
coolant absorbs to cool the engine, a heat exchanger operable to remove heat from the engine coolant, a thermostat disposed
within the coolant system between the heat exchanger and the engine and operable to control the flow of the engine coolant
through the engine, and a temperature sensor operable for sensing a current temperature of the engine coolant;

modeling a total amount of energy stored within the engine coolant of the engine coolant system;
measuring an actual temperature of the engine coolant circulating through the engine coolant system with the temperature sensor;
comparing an actual temperature of the engine coolant to a minimum target temperature, with an engine coolant diagnostic test
algorithm executed by an engine controller to determine if the actual temperature of the engine coolant is greater than the
target temperature, equal to the target temperature or less than the target temperature;

reporting a system pass value, with the engine coolant diagnostic test algorithm executed by the engine controller when the
actual temperature of the engine coolant is equal to or greater than the target temperature;

comparing the modeled total amount of energy stored within the engine coolant to a maximum stored energy limit, with the engine
coolant diagnostic test algorithm executed by the engine controller when the actual temperature of the engine coolant is less
than the target temperature to determine if the modeled amount of energy stored within the engine coolant is greater than
the maximum stored energy limit, equal to the maximum stored energy limit or less than the maximum stored energy limit; and

reporting a system fail value, with the engine coolant diagnostic test algorithm executed by the engine controller when the
modeled amount of energy stored within the engine coolant is equal to or greater than the maximum energy limit.

US Pat. No. 9,439,232

MANAGING TRADITIONAL WI-FI AND WI-FI DIRECT CONNECTIONS USING A WIRELESS DEVICE

GM Global Technology Oper...

2. A method of managing, using one or more processors located in a primary device, short-range wireless links between the
primary wireless device and a plurality of secondary wireless devices, comprising the steps of:
(a) initiating a short-range wireless link between a vehicle telematics unit and a secondary wireless device that communicates
using a traditional Wi-Fi protocol, wherein the short-range wireless link is initiated either at the vehicle telematics unit
or the secondary wireless device and the vehicle telematics unit configured to communicate using a Wi-Fi direct protocol and
the traditional Wi-Fi protocol;

(b) providing the short-range wireless link between the vehicle telematics unit and the secondary wireless device using the
Wi-Fi direct protocol, wherein the vehicle telematics unit is a group owner and the secondary wireless device is a group member;

(c) detecting the presence of an additional secondary wireless device that is a group owner using the vehicle telematics unit;
(d) ending use of the Wi-Fi direct protocol over the short-range wireless link between the vehicle telematics unit and the
secondary wireless device based on the detection in step (c);

(e) beginning use of the traditional Wi-Fi protocol over the short-range wireless link between the vehicle telematics unit
and the secondary wireless device, wherein the vehicle telematics unit becomes a server for the secondary wireless device;
and

(f) providing another short-range wireless link between the vehicle telematics unit and the additional secondary wireless
device using the Wi-Fi direct protocol, wherein the vehicle telematics unit becomes a group member to the additional secondary
wireless device at the same time the vehicle telematics unit is the server for the secondary device.

US Pat. No. 9,091,187

STATIONARY HYDRAULIC LASH ADJUSTER AND ROLLER FINGER FOLLOWER ASSEMBLY CLIP, AND METHOD THEREOF

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. An assembly comprising:
a stationary hydraulic lash adjusted (SHLA) having a pivot;
a roller finger follower (RFF) having a pivot cap configured to fit around at least a portion of the pivot of the SHLA, wherein
the RFF includes a plurality of legs protruding from the pivot cap toward the SHLA; and

an assembly clip configured to hold together the SHLA and the RFF, the assembly clip having:
a first attachment portion configured to engage with the pivot cap of the RFF such that the assembly clip is attachable to
the RFF; and

a second attachment portion configured to engage with the pivot of the SHLA such that the assembly clip is attachable to the
SHLA, wherein the second attachment portion includes a ledge, and the plurality of legs are latched onto the ledge;

wherein the pivot cap and the pivot are positioned at least partially between the first attachment portion and the second
attachment portion, the pivot cap covering at least a portion of the pivot; and

wherein the assembly clip is made of an oil soluble material.

US Pat. No. 9,131,636

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING ELECTRICAL CIRCUIT TRACES

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. An electrical device including one or more electrical trace sub-assemblies formed by a method comprising:
forming a continuous electrical trace strip having a plurality of electrical trace elements;
stamping one or more electrical trace isolators onto the continuous electrical trace strip across select ones of the plurality
of electrical trace elements forming one or more electrical trace sub-assemblies;

detaching the one or more electrical trace sub-assemblies from the continuous electrical trace strip;
securing the one or more electrical trace isolators to the select ones of the plurality of electrical trace elements through
a plurality of gripping members by capturing each of the select ones of the plurality of electrical trace elements between
hook elements provided on each of the two of the plurality of gripping members.

US Pat. No. 9,480,066

LOCATION-CONTROLLED WI-FI MODULE

General Motors LLC, Detr...

1. A method of controlling Wi-Fi module operation based on vehicle location, comprising the steps of:
(a) detecting at a telematics unit installed in a vehicle a geopolitical identifier broadcast by a wireless carrier system;
(b) storing operational settings for a plurality of geopolitical identifiers in a lookup table at the vehicle;
(c) determining whether operational settings of the Wi-Fi module conform to the stored operational settings specified for
the detected geopolitical identifier; and

(d) changing the operational settings of the Wi-Fi module when not conforming to the operational settings specified for the
detected geopolitical identifier.

US Pat. No. 9,254,866

METHOD OF CONTROLLING STEERING OF A GROUND VEHICLE

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method of controlling steering of a vehicle through setting wheel angles of a plurality of modular electronic corner
assemblies (eModules), the method comprising:
receiving a driving mode selected from a mode selection menu;
determining, in a master controller, a position of a steering input device;
determining, in the master controller, a velocity of the vehicle when the determined position of the steering input device
is near center;

transmitting a drive mode request corresponding to the driving mode to a plurality of steering controllers when the steering
wheel is near center and the velocity of the vehicle is below a maximum velocity;

determining, in the master controller, a required steering angle of each of the plurality of eModules as a function of the
determined position of the steering input device, the determined velocity of the vehicle, and the driving mode; setting each
of the eModules to an angle of 0 degrees and recording the angle setting of each of the eModules to a memory in the master
controller, when the determined position of the steering input device is near 0 degrees; and

setting the eModules to the respective determined steering angles.

US Pat. No. 9,249,877

POSITION DIAGNOSTIC TEST FOR A SHIFT-BY-WIRE SYSTEM, AND A METHOD THEREOF

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A shift-by-wire system for a vehicle comprising:
a shift lever movable along a shift path between a plurality of range positions arranged in a shift pattern;
a first position sensor configured to sense a position of the shift lever along the shift path, and to generate a corresponding
first position signal having a first x-coordinate value and a first y-coordinate value;

a second position sensor configured to sense the position of the shift lever along the shift path, and to generate a corresponding
second position signal having a second x-coordinate value and a second y-coordinate value; and

a single controller configured to receive both the first position signal from the first position sensor and the second position
signal from the second position sensor, and to determine if at least one of the first position signal and the second position
signal accurately communicates the position of the shift lever.

US Pat. No. 9,288,575

SOUND AUGMENTATION SYSTEM TRANSFER FUNCTION CALIBRATION

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A vehicle system, comprising:
a sound augmentation system comprising a sound augmentation generator coupled to at least one audio output, the sound augmentation
generator produces an augmented audio output to drive the at least one audio output based on a transfer function;

a sound augmentation system health monitor coupled to at least one audio input and a feedback of the augmented audio output,
the sound augmentation system health monitor determines a current performance level of the sound augmentation system based
on the at least one audio input and the feedback of the augmented audio output, and triggers a transfer function update prompt
based on a difference between the current performance level and an expected performance level being at a threshold level;

a user interface that outputs the transfer function update prompt and receives a transfer function calibration request in
response to the transfer function update prompt; and

a transfer function calibration module coupled to the at least one audio output and the at least one audio input, the transfer
function calibration module drives a calibration sequence on the at least one audio output and monitors the at least one audio
input to determine an updated transfer function in response to the transfer function calibration request.

US Pat. No. 9,281,532

REMEDIAL ACTIONS FOR AIR FLOW ERRORS IN A FUEL CELL SYSTEM

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method for operating a fuel cell stack of a fuel cell system in a vehicle, said method comprising:
estimating a cathode air flow rate from cathode inlet air mass flow measurements;
detecting an error in the estimated cathode air flow rate by comparing the estimated cathode air flow rate to a cathode air
flow model that is based on output power of the fuel cell stack;

determining whether a predetermined minimum cell voltage threshold value of voltage of fuel cells in the fuel cell stack has
been reached;

adjusting the cathode air flow rate to the fuel cell stack to be a cathode air flow set point if the predetermined minimum
cell voltage threshold value has been reached; and

utilizing high frequency resistance measurements from a high frequency resistance sensor to control a relative humidity of
the fuel cell stack when the error in the estimated cathode air flow rate has been detected.

US Pat. No. 9,260,105

SYSTEM AND METHOD OF POWER MANAGEMENT FOR A HYBRID VEHICLE

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method of managing power in a hybrid vehicle having an engine and a transmission, the method comprising:
executing, via a controller, a first power management scheme, wherein the controller determines an engine speed and an engine
torque based on a first user input, the first user input defined as one of an acceleration request and a deceleration request;

detecting, via the controller, a request to transition the vehicle from the first power management scheme to a second power
management scheme;

transitioning the vehicle, via the controller, from the first power management scheme to the second power management scheme;
and

executing the second power management scheme, via the controller, such that a first electronic power component provides additional
power to a power storage device and the power storage device provides continuous power to a second electronic power component,
wherein executing the second power management scheme includes:

determining a current state of charge and a target state of charge of the power storage device;
calculating a target power output of the first electronic power component required to increase the state of charge of the
power storage device from the current state of charge to the target state of charge;

estimating a predicted resultant temperature of the first electronic power component as a result of producing the target power
output;

comparing the predicted resultant temperature of the first electronic power component to a predetermined temperature threshold
for the first electronic power component;

executing one of a first control action and a second control action, wherein:
the controller executes the first control action when the predicted resultant temperature is below the predetermined temperature
threshold, such that the first control action includes commanding, via the controller, the transmission to complete a gear
downshift to increase the operating speed of the engine, such that the first electronic power component produces the target
power output; and

the controller executes the second control action when the predicted resultant temperature exceeds the predetermined temperature
threshold, such that the second control action includes:

generating, via the controller, a revised power output for the first electronic power component based on the predetermined
temperature threshold of the first electronic power component by matching the predetermined temperature threshold to one of
a series of predetermined power output values that correspond to predetermined temperature values in a look-up table; and

commanding, via the controller, the transmission to complete a gear downshift to increase the operating speed of the engine,
such that the first electronic power component produces the revised power output.

US Pat. No. 9,254,874

REAR FLOOR MODULE OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A preconfigured rear floor module of a motor vehicle to be arranged between two rear longitudinal beams of a vehicle body
during final assembly stages of the motor vehicle that essentially extend in a longitudinal direction of the motor vehicle,
comprising:
a floor pan that essentially extends in a planar fashion between the two rear longitudinal beams;
an integrated cross member formed in a forward portion of the floor pan, protruding upward from the plane of the floor pan
and having free ends, each free end facing in a lateral direction of the motor vehicle; and

a connecting shoe provided at each free end of the cross member, each connecting shoe having a profile accommodating an upper
part of the cross member and secured to one of the two rear longitudinal beam to transmit lateral mechanical forces from the
cross member to the two rear longitudinal beams.

US Pat. No. 9,145,853

EXHAUST GAS RECIRCULATION COOLER AND SYSTEM

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. An exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) cooler for cooling exhaust gas from an internal combustion engine with a coolant, the
EGR cooler comprising:
at least one channel having an inlet and an outlet, the exhaust gas being flowable through the at least one channel from the
inlet to the outlet; and

a casing defining a cooling chamber for carrying the coolant around the at least one channel, the cooling chamber being configured
to enable heat transfer between the exhaust gas and the coolant, the casing having:

a coolant inlet and a coolant outlet configured to enable the coolant to enter and exit the cooling chamber; and
an exhaust gas inlet from which the exhaust gas enters the at least one channel, and an exhaust gas outlet into which the
exhaust gas exits the at least one channel;

wherein at least a portion of the at least one channel is variable between a fully compressed position and an uncompressed
position.

US Pat. No. 9,227,673

VEHICLE PILLAR

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A pillar for a vehicle, comprising:
a translucent polymer composite having chopped reinforcing fibers incorporated therein; and
a truss completely embedded in the translucent polymer composite and disposed substantially along a length of the pillar;
wherein the truss and the translucent polymer composite share a loading condition applied to the pillar; and
wherein the pillar is to be disposed between a lower body portion of the vehicle and a roof of the vehicle to support the
roof.

US Pat. No. 9,083,414

LTE MIMO-CAPABLE MULTI-FUNCTIONAL VEHICLE ANTENNA

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A multifunctional vehicle antenna assembly, comprising:
a primary multiple input and multiple output (MIMO) antenna component having a plurality of antennas;
a secondary MIMO antenna component having a plurality of antennas; and
a global navigation satellite system (GNSS) antenna component, wherein the GNSS antenna component is located between the primary
MIMO antenna component and the secondary MIMO antenna component and is located nearer to the secondary MIMO antenna component.

US Pat. No. 9,281,703

COST-EFFECTIVE RELIABLE METHOD TO DEPOWER RECHARGEABLE ELECTRIC BATTERIES

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method of controlled battery depowering, comprising:
providing a depowering medium comprising between 1-20 weight % expanded graphite dispersed in an aqueous medium;
contacting positive and negative terminals of a battery to be depowered with the depowering medium; and
maintaining contact between the depowering medium and the positive and negative terminals for a period of between 1-72 hours
to depower the battery.

US Pat. No. 9,284,870

ELECTRICALLY HEATED PARTICULATE MATTER FILTER SOOT CONTROL SYSTEM

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A regeneration method comprising:
receiving an exhaust gas via an upstream end of a particulate matter (PM) filter;
determining a current soot loading level of the PM filter;
comparing the current soot loading level to a predetermined soot loading level;
regenerating the PM filter when the current soot loading level is less than the predetermined soot loading level;
limiting the regenerating of the PM filter when the current soot loading level is greater than or equal to the predetermined
soot loading level, wherein the predetermined soot loading level corresponds with a predetermined maximum operating temperature
of the PM filter; and

when the current soot loading level is greater than the predetermined soot loading level, performing a mitigation strategy
to reduce peak temperatures of the PM filter while regenerating the PM filter.

US Pat. No. 9,284,906

COMBUSTION PHASING CONTROL METHODOLOGY IN HCCI COMBUSTION

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method for controlling combustion in a spark-ignition direct-injection internal combustion engine, including an engine
controller, a spark-ignition system and a fuel injector, comprising:
providing an initial injected fuel mass timing;
providing a respective upper bound for each of the initial injected fuel mass timing and an initial spark ignition timing
corresponding to respective crank angle locations having most advanced timings acceptable for avoiding excessive combustion
noise at a desired engine load;

providing a respective lower bound for each of the initial injected fuel mass timing and the initial spark ignition timing
corresponding to respective crank angle locations having most retarded timings acceptable for avoiding combustion stability
deterioration at the desired engine load;

adjusting the lower bounds for the initial injected fuel mass timing and the initial spark ignition timing based on an intake
O2 concentration error, the intake O2 concentration error based on a deviation between a monitored O2 concentration from a previous combustion cycle and a desired intake O2 concentration;

monitoring a combustion phasing error based on deviations between a monitored combustion phasing from a previous cycle and
a desired combustion phasing;

generating a bounded control signal associated with the monitored combustion phasing error and defined by an upper bound and
a lower bound;

determining an adjusted fuel mass timing comprising interpolating between the upper and lower bounds for the initial injected
fuel mass timing based on the upper and lower bounds of the generated bounded control signal associated with the monitored
combustion phasing error;

determining an adjusted spark ignition timing comprising interpolating between the upper and lower bounds for the initial
spark ignition timing based on the upper and lower bounds of the generated bounded control signal associated with the monitored
combustion phasing error; and

controlling the spark-ignition system and the fuel injector with the determined adjusted fuel mass timing and the determined
adjusted spark ignition timing.

US Pat. No. 9,190,853

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR ADJUSTING BATTERY VOLTAGE LIMITS

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method for dynamically adjusting voltage limits of a battery, the method comprising the steps of:
receiving voltage data from at least a plurality of battery cells of a battery;
calculating a voltage offset for the battery using the voltage data;
applying the voltage offset to adjust a voltage limit associated with the battery to prevent any of the battery cells in the
at least a plurality of battery cells from exceeding the voltage limit;

receiving updated voltage data from at least a subset of the at least a plurality of battery cells of the battery;
calculating an updated voltage offset for the battery using the updated voltage data, wherein the updated voltage offset is
calculated using a difference between the average voltage of the at least a plurality of battery cells and one of a lowest
voltage value from the at least a plurality of battery cells and an average voltage of a battery section having the weakest
average cell voltage among a plurality of battery sections within the battery; and

applying the updated voltage offset after applying the voltage offset to adjust the voltage limit associated with the battery
to prevent any of the battery cells in the at least a plurality of battery cells from exceeding the voltage limit.

US Pat. No. 9,156,506

ELASTICALLY AVERAGED ALIGNMENT SYSTEM

GM Global Technology Oper...

5. An elastically averaged alignment system, comprising:
a first alignment portion comprising an alignment member and a first plurality of elastically deformable alignment elements,
wherein the alignment member comprises an aperture formed in the first alignment portion; and

a second alignment portion comprising an elastically deformable alignment member configured and disposed to be received by
and deformably and matingly engaged with the alignment member and a second plurality of elastically deformable alignment elements
configured and disposed to deformably and matingly engage the first plurality of deformable alignment elements, wherein the
engagement of the alignment member and deformable alignment member and first plurality of elastically deformable alignment
elements and the second plurality of elastically deformable alignment elements elastically average a predetermined position
of the second alignment portion relative to the first alignment portion,

wherein the first plurality of elastically deformable alignment elements comprise a first plurality of elastically deformable
tooth elements that extend along a plurality of tooth axes,

wherein the alignment member comprises a plurality of spaced apart elongated apertures having a length that is greater than
a width,

wherein the plurality of spaced apart elongated apertures comprise a plurality of first slots having first longitudinal axes
that are parallel to one another and not parallel to the tooth axes and a plurality of second slots having second longitudinal
axes that are parallel to one another and that are not parallel to the first longitudinal axes.

US Pat. No. 9,280,919

METHOD OF GENERATING ANTHROPOMOPHIC VEHICLE IMAGES

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method of generating anthropomorphic vehicle images for a vehicle owner, comprising the steps of:
(a) identifying a vehicle model owned or operated by the vehicle owner;
(b) providing a plurality of anthropomorphic vehicle components depicting a portion of an exterior surface of the vehicle
model on a visual display for the vehicle owner to select;

(c) receiving a selection of an anthropomorphic vehicle component from the vehicle owner using a wireless device;
(d) obtaining vehicle data using one or more vehicle sensors located on a vehicle associated with the vehicle model;
(e) altering at least a portion of an anthropomorphic vehicle image comprising selected anthropomorphic vehicle components
based on the accessed vehicle data; and

(f) displaying the altered anthropomorphic vehicle image on the wireless device to the vehicle owner.

US Pat. No. 9,234,540

RETAINER—SPRING STEEL SINGLE THREAD ENGAGEMENT

Magna International Inc.,...

1. A retainer, comprising:
an attachment base operable for being connected to a rib;
a securing portion including an aperture for receiving a fastener; and
at least one sidewall connected between said attachment base and said securing portion, said at least one sidewall spaces
said securing portion from said attachment base to allow for insertion of said fastener and predetermined torque tension characteristics;

said attachment base further comprising:
a first attachment surface;
a first aperture that is part of said first attachment surface;
a first plurality of flanges that is part of said first attachment surface in proximity to said first aperture; and
a first plurality of gripping flanges that is part of said first attachment surface in proximity to said first aperture, said
first plurality of gripping flanges operable for gripping said rib.

US Pat. No. 9,194,321

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DIAGNOSING A FAULT IN A CAMSHAFT POSITION SENSOR AND/OR A CRANKSHAFT POSITION SENSOR

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A system comprising:
a starter control module that generates a starter engage signal to engage a starter of an engine;
an engine speed module that determines a speed of the engine based on input from at least one of a camshaft position sensor
and a crankshaft position sensor; and

a sensor diagnostic module that selectively diagnoses a fault in the at least one of the camshaft position sensor and the
crankshaft position sensor based on a rate of change in the engine speed before the starter engage signal is generated.

US Pat. No. 9,290,198

FULLY ENGAGED JOINT ASSEMBLY

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

10. A joint assembly for a steering assembly of a vehicle comprising:
a steering gear input shaft having a recessed retention notch;
a yoke including a main body having an input shaft bore with an opening, the input shaft bore configured to telescopically
receive the shaft in slidable engagement into the opening; and

a spring clip including a fixed end secured to the main body, a flexible middle portion extending from the fixed end and made
of an elastically flexible material, and a finger at an opposed end from the fixed end, the finger extending in front of the
opening and configured to engage and flex out of the way of the shaft as the shaft telescopically slides into the input shaft
bore and extend into the retention notch to retain the shaft in the input shaft bore when the shaft is in a fully inserted
position relative to the input shaft bore,

wherein the flexible middle portion of the spring clip extends from the fixed end of the spring clip in a direction that is
generally parallel to the telescopic direction that the shaft is inserted into the input shaft bore.

US Pat. No. 9,051,871

VARIABLE TWIN-SCROLL TURBINE FOR TURBOCHARGED INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE FEATURING CYLINDER DEACTIVATION

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. An internal combustion engine, comprising:
an engine block defining a plurality of cylinders, the plurality of cylinders including at least one full-time active cylinder
and at least one cylinder capable of being deactivated;

a cylinder head attached to the engine block and including a plurality of intake ports and a plurality of exhaust ports in
communication with the plurality of cylinders;

an intake manifold in communication with the plurality of intake ports;
a plurality of exhaust passages connected to the plurality of exhaust ports;
a turbocharger having a twin scroll turbine including a first turbine scroll in communication with the exhaust passages from
the at least one full-time active cylinder and a second turbine scroll in communication with the exhaust passages from the
at least one cylinder capable of being deactivated, the turbocharger including a compressor driven by the twin scroll turbine
for supplying compressed air to the throttle body; and

a scroll control valve provided in communication with the exhaust passages from the at least one cylinder capable of being
deactivated and being operable in an open position to allow exhaust gases from the at least one cylinder capable of being
deactivated to pass through the second turbine scroll, and being operable in a closed position to direct exhaust gases from
the at least one cylinder capable of being deactivated to pass through the first turbine scroll.

US Pat. No. 9,281,548

BATTERY MODULE FOR MITIGATING GAS ACCUMULATION AND METHODS THEREOF

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A battery module comprising:
a plurality of battery cell assemblies configured to electrically communicate with each other, each battery cell assembly
having an electrode stack enclosed by a case, wherein the electrode stack is positioned in the case to form one or more peripheral
spaces between the electrode stack and the case; and

a support member positioned adjacent to the plurality of battery cell assemblies, the support member configured to focus a
compressive force on a desired portion of the electrode stack, the support member including an insert;

wherein the compressive force urges gases formed during operation of the electrode stack into the peripheral spaces within
the case.

US Pat. No. 9,254,838

HYBRID POWERTRAIN COORDINATION DURING A DIESEL PARTICULATE FILTER REGENERATION EVENT

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method of controlling a vehicle powertrain during an aftertreatment regeneration event, the powertrain including an electric
motor in power-flow communication with a diesel engine, the method comprising:
receiving a regeneration request;
determining if a state-of-charge of a traction battery is within a predetermined range of a target value;
initiating the regeneration event if the state-of-charge of the traction battery is within the predetermined range of the
target value;

receiving an immediate torque request from a transmission control module in response to a request for an automatic gear change,
wherein the immediate torque request is a momentary negative torque request that is operative to decrease the torque transmitted
through an automatic transmission to facilitate the automatic gear change; and

operating the electric motor in response to the immediate torque request.

US Pat. No. 9,169,748

BYPASS SYSTEM FOR A TRANSMISSION

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A bypass system for a transmission, the system comprising:
a transmission casing defining a first aperture and a second aperture spaced from the first aperture;
a valve assembly including:
a housing defining a first port and a second port spaced from each other;
wherein the housing defines an inlet in fluid communication with the first port and an outlet selectively in fluid communication
with the second port;

an actuation device disposed in the housing and including a member movable between a first position for routing a fluid from
the second port into the inlet, through the first port and directly back into the transmission casing with the outlet being
bypassed and a second position for routing the fluid from the second port into the outlet and away from the transmission casing;

wherein the housing is mounted to the transmission casing such that the first port and the first aperture cooperate with each
other for routing the fluid into the transmission casing directly from the valve assembly, and the second port and the second
aperture cooperate with each other for routing the fluid out of the transmission casing directly into the valve assembly;

wherein the housing of the valve assembly defines a cavity along a longitudinal axis, with the member moveable within the
cavity, and with the second port, the inlet and the outlet in fluid communication with the cavity; and

wherein the valve assembly includes a first biasing member and a second biasing member each disposed in the cavity to assist
the actuation device, with the member disposed between the first and second biasing members;

wherein the actuation device is further defined as a piston device and the member is further defined as a piston;
wherein the valve assembly includes a valve body mounted in the cavity, with the valve body including a rim, and with the
piston engaging the rim when in the first position for directing the fluid from the second port, through the cavity, into
the inlet, through the first port and back into the transmission casing with the outlet being bypassed, and with the piston
spaced from the rim when in the second position for directing the fluid from the second port, through the cavity, out the
outlet and away from the transmission casing.

US Pat. No. 9,216,727

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING A MULTI-MODE POWERTRAIN SYSTEM

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method for operating a powertrain system including a multi-mode transmission configured to transfer torque among an engine,
torque machines, and a driveline, comprising:
executing a selection scheme including evaluating operating the powertrain system in a plurality of candidate powertrain states
including a one-motor electric vehicle (EV) range responsive to an output torque request;

determining a respective minimum cost for operating the powertrain system in each of the candidate powertrain states including
the one-motor EV range;

selecting a preferred powertrain state comprising one of the candidate powertrain states including the one-motor EV range
associated with a minimum of the respective minimum costs; and

controlling the powertrain system in the preferred powertrain state responsive to the output torque request.

US Pat. No. 9,574,522

ASSEMBLY WITH CYLINDER HEAD HAVING INTEGRATED EXHAUST MANIFOLD AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SAME

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. An assembly for an engine cylinder block having four in-line cylinders arranged in axial order as a first cylinder, a second
cylinder, a third cylinder, and a fourth cylinder, the assembly comprising:
a cylinder head with an integrated exhaust manifold that has four exhaust flow passages directing cylinder exhaust from inlets
arranged to correspond with exhaust from the four cylinders, respectively, and has only three outlets at a side face of the
cylinder head; wherein none of the exhaust flow passages of the integrated exhaust manifold overlap one another in a vertical
direction;

a twin scroll turbocharger having a housing with a first scroll passage, a second scroll passage, and only three inlets; wherein
the housing is mounted directly to the side face of the cylinder head without a flow adapter therebetween, with the three
inlets of the housing at the side face and in fluid communication with the three outlets of the cylinder head; wherein none
of the three inlets of the twin scroll turbocharger overlap in the vertical direction at the side face;

wherein the integrated exhaust manifold and the housing are configured so that two of the exhaust flow passages join in the
cylinder head to direct exhaust flow into only one of the inlets of the housing and through the first scroll passage, and
exhaust flow through the other two of the exhaust flow passages flows separately into the other two inlets in the housing
and joins in the housing to flow through the second scroll passage.

US Pat. No. 9,404,436

METHOD FOR OPERATING AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE USING A CORRECTED ENERGIZING TIME FOR FUEL INJECTIONS

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method for operating an internal combustion engine, the internal combustion engine comprising an engine block defining
a cylinder accommodating a reciprocating piston coupled to rotate a crankshaft, a fuel injector for injecting fuel inside
the cylinder, and a crank position sensor positioned proximal to the crankshaft, the method comprising the steps of:
commanding the fuel injector to perform a test fuel injection with a predetermined energizing time;
using the crank position sensor to determine a crankshaft acceleration signal during the test fuel injection;
filtering the crankshaft acceleration signal and obtaining a filtered crankshaft acceleration signal;
determining a value of an amplitude of a fundamental frequency component of the filtered crankshaft acceleration signal and
obtaining a determined value of the amplitude of the fundamental frequency component;

determining a correction factor of the predetermined energizing time on a basis of a difference between the determined value
of the amplitude of the fundamental frequency component and a preset value thereof; and

using the correction factor to correct an energizing time of subsequent fuel injections performed by the fuel injector,
wherein the filtering of the crankshaft acceleration signal comprises the steps of:
identifying a frequency (fn) of the crankshaft acceleration signal to be filtered by searching for a local maximum and a local minimum of the crankshaft
acceleration signal in a predetermined time interval to determine a half period (T/2) of the crankshaft acceleration signal
and consequently its frequency and assuming the frequency as a noise frequency (fn) of the crankshaft acceleration signal, and

filtering out the frequency (fn) from the crankshaft acceleration signal including:

identifying an optimal notch filter for filtering out the noise frequency (fn) from the crankshaft acceleration signal,

calibrating a plurality of notch filters, each of the plurality of notch filters being suitable to filter out a different
frequency centered around a typical frequency of a noise of the crankshaft acceleration signal,

selecting a minimum integral value (F_int(j)) between all integral values (F_int(i)) and by choosing the notch filter that
corresponds to the minimum integral value (F_int(i)), and

choosing, among the plurality of notch filters, a notch filter that minimizes a parameter proportional to an amplitude of
the noise,

wherein the parameter proportional to the amplitude of the noise is calculated by filtering the crankshaft acceleration signal
with each of the plurality of notch filters in order to obtain an output crankshaft acceleration filtered signal (F_out(i))
for each of the plurality of notch filters, each output crankshaft acceleration filtered signal (F_out(i)) being compared
to an average value of the crankshaft acceleration signal (CS_Avg) in order to calculate a deviation (F_out(i)?CS_Avg) from
the average value of each output crankshaft acceleration filtered signal, and by integrating the deviation from the average
value (F_out(i)?CS_Avg) of each output crankshaft acceleration filtered signal to calculate an integral value (F_int(i)) proportional
to the amplitude of the noise for each output crankshaft acceleration filtered signal.

US Pat. No. 9,386,462

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR DETERMINING AND PLANNING WIRELESS NETWORK DEPLOYMENT SUFFICIENCY WHEN UTILIZING VEHICLE-BASED RELAY NODES

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method performed by an apparatus configured to assist in planning communication network infrastructure, comprising:
calculating a potential capacity of a plurality of vehicular relay nodes in an area, the plurality of vehicular relay nodes
relaying data between a plurality of portable devices and at least one base station;

calculating a potential data demand in the area for transferring data between the plurality of portable devices and the at
least one base station; and

determining if a number of the at least one base station serving the area is sufficient by utilizing the potential capacity
of the plurality of vehicular relay nodes in the area and the potential data demand in the area;

wherein calculating the potential capacity of the plurality of vehicular relay nodes comprises employing a quantity of vehicles
in the area and a penetration factor reflecting the proportion of vehicles that are equipped with one of the vehicular relay
nodes.

US Pat. No. 9,267,422

COMBUSTION SYSTEM FOR AN ENGINE HAVING MULTIPLE FUEL SPRAY INDUCED VORTICES

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. An internal combustion engine comprising:
an engine assembly defining a bore extending along a central bore axis;
a piston disposed within the bore and configured for reciprocating movement within the bore along the central bore axis;
wherein the piston and the engine assembly cooperate to define a combustion chamber;
a direct injection fuel system having a fuel injector configured for injecting a fuel spray into the combustion chamber along
a linear path; and

wherein the combustion chamber includes a contoured surface defining a plurality of annular recesses configured for re-directing
the linear path of the fuel spray into a plurality of independent rotating vortices, with each of the plurality of independent
rotating vortices rotating about a respective rotation axis that is generally parallel with the central bore axis.

US Pat. No. 9,097,337

METHOD AND APPARATUS TO CONTROL HYDRAULIC LINE PRESSURE IN AN ELECTRO-MECHANICAL TRANSMISSION

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. Method for controlling hydraulic line pressure of a hydraulic control system in an electro-mechanical transmission configured
to selectively transmit mechanical power to an output member, said method comprising:
determining an available flow from a main hydraulic pump;
determining an available flow from an auxiliary hydraulic pump;
determining a flow consumption of functions served by said hydraulic control system;
determining an estimated hydraulic line pressure based upon said flow from said main hydraulic pump, said flow from said auxiliary
hydraulic pump, and said flow consumption;

said determining of the available flow from the main hydraulic pump and the available flow from the auxiliary hydraulic pump
based on the determined estimated hydraulic line pressure;

modeling behavior of said functions served by said hydraulic control system based upon immediate requirements and projections
of expected requirements of the hydraulic control system;

determining a minimum hydraulic line pressure to fulfill said functions served by said hydraulic control system;
determining a desired hydraulic line pressure comprising one of said minimum hydraulic line pressure to fulfill said functions
served by said hydraulic control system and a hydraulic line pressure determined based upon said modeling behavior of said
functions served by said hydraulic control system;

determining an estimated maximum available hydraulic line pressure based upon the estimated hydraulic line pressure;
comparing said desired hydraulic line pressure to said estimated hydraulic line pressure; and
modulating output of said main hydraulic pump and controlling said auxiliary hydraulic pump based upon said comparing said
desired hydraulic line pressure to said estimated hydraulic line pressure and the estimated maximum available hydraulic line
pressure;

said modulating the output of the main hydraulic pump comprising controlling a selectable flow restrictor, and said controlling
said auxiliary hydraulic pump comprising controlling rotational speed of the auxiliary hydraulic pump.

US Pat. No. 9,284,902

ENGINE CONTROL SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ACCELERATOR PEDAL TIP-OUT

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. An engine control system of a vehicle, comprising:
a difference module that determines a difference between an engine speed and a transmission input shaft speed;
a state control module that sets a signal to a first state when a driver releases an accelerator pedal and that selectively
transitions the signal from the first state to a second state when the difference is less than zero;

an immediate torque request module that decreases an engine torque request when the signal is in the first state and that
selectively increases the engine torque request when the signal is in the second state; and

at least one of:
a spark control module that selectively adjusts spark timing based on the engine torque request; and
a fuel control module that selectively adjusts fueling based on the engine torque request.

US Pat. No. 9,273,713

INSULATED STUD FOR ATTACHING APPLIQUE TO METAL BODY VEHICLE AND METHODS OF MAKING AND USING THE SAME

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A product comprising a stud assembly including a stud comprising a first metal and an insulator attached to the stud and
an appliqué comprising a second metal, wherein the appliqué is attached to the stud assembly and is constructed and arranged
so that the insulator isolates the first metal from the second metal of the appliqué and wherein the stud including a shaft
having a tip at one end and a head at an opposite end and a first flange extending from a shaft of the stud at a location
between the tip of the shaft and the head of the shaft, and wherein the head comprises a second flange extending from the
shaft, and wherein the insulator includes an upper wing having a portion interposed between the first flange and the second
flange.

US Pat. No. 9,266,558

METHODS, SYSTEMS AND APPARATUS FOR STEERING WHEEL VIBRATION REDUCTION IN ELECTRIC POWER STEERING SYSTEMS

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method for reducing vibrations at a steering wheel caused by periodic disturbances in a steering system including the
steering wheel and an electric motor configured to apply a motor torque that assists steering by the steering wheel, the method
comprising:
determining a gross torque attributable to the periodic disturbances in the steering system;
identifying a desired amount of suppression of the vibrations at the steering wheel;
determining an offset torque based on the gross torque and the desired amount of suppression; and
generating a motor command signal in a manner that is influenced by the offset torque, wherein the motor command signal influences
the motor torque, wherein generating the motor command signal comprises:

performing at least one heterodyning operation during the generation of the motor command signal.

US Pat. No. 9,283,856

METHODS, SYSTEMS AND APPARATUS FOR AUTHORIZING OPERATION OF AN ELECTRIC VEHICLE THAT IS BEING CHARGED AT A CHARGING STATION

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method for authorizing operation of an electric vehicle within boundaries that are defined with respect to a charging
station that the electric vehicle is being charged at, the method comprising:
determining, at a computer, whether predefined criteria relating to charging status of the electric vehicle have been satisfied;
and

communicating a virtual key to the electric vehicle when the predefined criteria are determined to be satisfied, wherein the
virtual key authorizes operation of the electric vehicle within the boundaries that are defined with respect to the charging
station, and allows the electric vehicle to be operated in a limited operating mode that defines constraints on operating
the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,285,432

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING A VEHICLE BATTERY

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method for controlling a vehicle battery, comprising the steps of:
(a) determining a present state of the vehicle battery, wherein the vehicle battery is at least partially used for vehicle
propulsion;

(b) evaluating the present state of the vehicle battery to determine if the vehicle battery has experienced a reduction in
battery performance that indicates the vehicle battery is at or near an end of its operational life; and

(c) if the vehicle battery has experienced a reduction in battery performance that indicates the vehicle battery is at or
near an end of its operational life, then adjusting a state-of-charge (SOC) operating range by establishing an upper soft
boundary in response to the indication that the vehicle battery is at or near an end of its operational life so that the battery
performance is improved to an acceptable level where the need to immediately replace the vehicle battery is avoided and the
operational life of the vehicle battery is extended, wherein the adjusted SOC operating range includes an upper hard boundary
that partially defines a hard window and the upper soft boundary that is less than the upper hard boundary and partially defines
a soft window, when the SOC of the vehicle battery is less than the upper soft boundary both regenerative braking charging
and opportunity charging are permitted, when the SOC of the vehicle battery is greater than the upper soft boundary but less
than the upper hard boundary only regenerative braking charging is permitted, and when the SOC of the vehicle battery is greater
than the upper hard boundary no charging is permitted.

US Pat. No. 9,239,070

BOLT MOUNT SYSTEM

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A mount apparatus for a frame member, comprising:
a bolt, including:
a head,
a shank extending from the head,
a threaded portion extending from the shank opposite to the head, and
a tang extending radially from the head;
a retainer, including:
a reactive plate configured to fix the retainer against rotation relative to the frame member, and
an engagement slot defined by the retainer and having a first wall disposed to prevent positive rotation of the tang and a
second wall extending perpendicularly from the first wall and disposed to prevent push-out of the tang; and

a nut configured to mate with the threaded portion of the bolt,
wherein positive rotation of the bolt is the direction of rotation imparted to the bolt by the nut being driven onto the threaded
portion of the bolt.

US Pat. No. 9,189,896

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR VEHICULAR DATA COLLECTION

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method for vehicular data collection, comprising:
collecting data regarding at least one component of a vehicle;
transmitting the data from the vehicle to a remote server in accordance with a normal frequency of events in a normal mode;
setting an abnormal mode in response to an event trigger denoting a fault of at least one component of the vehicle; and
transmitting the data from the vehicle to a remote server in accordance with an abnormal frequency of events in the abnormal
mode, wherein the abnormal frequency of events is more frequent than the normal frequency of events, such that the data is
transmitted from the vehicle to the remote server more frequently in the abnormal mode than in the normal mode.

US Pat. No. 9,267,494

SHAPE MEMORY ALLOY BASED LINEAR ACTUATOR ASSEMBLY

GM Global Technology Oper...

14. A linear actuator assembly for a linear motion device, the linear actuator assembly comprising:
a plurality of actuator units, with each of the actuator units including:
a housing;
a coupler; and
at least one Shape Memory Alloy (SMA) element attached to the coupler;
wherein the at least one SMA element moves the coupler from a neutral position along a longitudinal axis and into grasping
engagement with a rod to move the rod a unit movement distance along the longitudinal axis in response to a control signal;

wherein the at least one SMA element of each of the plurality of actuator units contracts in response to the control signal
to move the coupler; and

wherein the at least one SMA element of each of the plurality of actuator units elongates in response to the cessation of
the control signal to release the coupler from the grasping engagement with the rod and allow the coupler to return to the
neutral position;

wherein the plurality of actuator units are actuated repeatedly in a synchronous order to move the rod in a continuous linear
motion a distance greater than the unit movement distance of each of the plurality of actuator units; and

wherein each of the plurality of actuator units includes a first coupler and a second coupler disposed on opposite sides of
the rod, and wherein the at least one SMA element includes a connecting SMA element extending between and attached to both
the first coupler and the second coupler and configured to contract to draw the first coupler and the second coupler together
into grasping engagement with the rod in response to the signal.

US Pat. No. 9,238,391

VEHICLE AND A SUSPENSION SYSTEM FOR THE VEHICLE

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A suspension system for a vehicle, the system comprising:
a wheel knuckle;
a control arm coupled to the wheel knuckle, with the control arm including a proximal end having a first arm segment and a
second arm segment each extending outwardly from the proximal end away from each other to respective first and second distal
ends to define a space between the first and second arm segments;

a biasing device at least partially disposed in the space between the first and second arm segments, with the biasing device
coupled to at least one of the first and second distal ends of the first and second arm segments respectively such that actuation
of the biasing device provides a first reaction force that counteracts a downward load acting on the control arm, with the
first reaction force being substantially proportional to the downward load to substantially maintain a position of the wheel
knuckle.

US Pat. No. 9,217,270

DECKLID HINGE SPRING INSTALLATION MECHANISM

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A mechanism for installing a tension spring in a vehicle decklid, comprising:
a bracket supported on the decklid to rotate about an axis, including a leg extending radially from the axis;
the spring secured to the bracket;
a stop; and
an attachment rotationally fixed relative to the bracket for rotating the bracket about the axis and extending the tension
spring to an installed position where a force applied by the tension spring to the leg forces the bracket into contact with
the stop, the contact preventing rotation of the bracket in a direction that retracts the tension spring; and

wherein the attachment further includes: a hexagonal head, a square shoulder engaging a non-circular hole in the bracket for
transmitting torque between the attachment and the bracket, and a second head located at an end of the attachment opposite
the hexagonal head.

US Pat. No. 9,279,542

COMPRESSED HYDROGEN FUELING CONTROL VALVE

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A fill control system comprising:
a fuel storage vessel;
a fuel inlet in fluid communication with the fuel storage vessel to provide fluid communication between a fuel source and
the fuel storage vessel; and

a fill control valve disposed between and in fluid communication with the fuel inlet and the fuel storage vessel, an actuation
of the fill control valve causing a pressure level upstream thereof which emulates a full condition of the fuel storage vessel,
wherein the pressure level upstream is accomplished without a fluid-tight shut off or seal of the fill control valve.

US Pat. No. 9,217,340

BI-DIRECTIONAL CONTROL GROOVE DESIGN FOR ENGINE ROTATION REVERSAL ON ENGINE WITH SLIDING CAMSHAFT

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. An internal combustion engine comprising:
a camshaft rotatable about a cam axis;
a lobe pack slideably attached to the camshaft for axial movement along the cam axis relative to the camshaft, and rotatable
with the camshaft about the cam axis, wherein the lobe pack includes a barrel cam defining a control groove disposed annularly
about the cam axis;

at least one shifting pin moveable along a respective pin axis in a direction transverse to the cam axis between an engaged
position and a disengaged position;

wherein the at least one shifting pin is engaged with the control groove when disposed in the engaged position, such that
interaction between the at least one shifting pin and the control groove moves the lobe pack axially along the cam axis relative
to the camshaft as the lobe pack rotates about the cam axis with the camshaft;

wherein the at least one shifting pin is disengaged from the control groove, such that the lobe pack remains positionally
fixed along the cam axis relative to the camshaft as the lobe pack rotates about the cam axis with the camshaft, when the
at least one shifting pin is disposed in the disengaged position;

wherein the control groove is shaped to engage the at least one shifting pin and guide the lobe pack along a first path to
position the lobe pack in a first axial position relative to the camshaft, when the camshaft and the lobe pack rotate about
the cam axis in a first rotational direction;

wherein the control groove is shaped to engage the at least one shifting pin and guide the lobe pack along a third path to
position the lobe pack in a second axial position relative to the camshaft, when the camshaft and the lobe pack rotate about
the cam axis in the first rotational direction;

wherein the control groove is shaped to engage the at least one shifting pin and guide the lobe pack along a second path to
position the lobe pack in the second axial position relative to the camshaft, when the camshaft and the lobe pack rotate about
the cam axis in a second rotational direction;

wherein the control groove is recessed into the barrel cam to define a bottom groove surface, a first side groove surface,
and a second side groove surface; and

wherein the barrel cam includes a central guide portion disposed within the control groove, extending radially outward from
the bottom groove surface and away from the cam axis, and disposed between the first side groove surface and the second side
groove surface to partially bifurcate the control groove to define the first path, the second path, and the third path.

US Pat. No. 9,343,057

SUPPRESSING SUDDEN CABIN NOISE DURING HANDS-FREE AUDIO MICROPHONE USE IN A VEHICLE

General Motors LLC, Detr...

1. A method of sudden cabin noise suppression for a vehicle, comprising the steps of:
providing an arrangement of heterogeneous microphones in the vehicle, the arrangement comprising a hands-free audio (HFA)
microphone and an array of secondary microphones, wherein the arrangement includes at least one directional microphone and
at least one omni-directional microphone;

receiving a desired audio input via the HFA microphone;
while receiving the desired audio input, receiving supplemental audio inputs via the array of secondary microphones, wherein
the supplemental audio inputs include a sudden cabin noise input;

applying a first suppression procedure to the sudden cabin noise input; and
when the first suppression procedure does not normalize the sudden cabin noise input, then applying a second suppression procedure.

US Pat. No. 9,140,337

METHOD FOR MODEL BASED CLUTCH CONTROL AND TORQUE ESTIMATION

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. Method for operating a powertrain comprising an electro-mechanical transmission mechanically-operatively coupled to an
internal combustion engine and an electric machine configured to selectively transmit mechanical power to an output member
through selective application of a plurality of hydraulically actuated clutches, the method comprising:
in response to a command to activate one of said clutches,
monitoring a state of a pressure control switch operatively coupled to the clutch;
operating the pressure control switch in one of a full feed state and an overlap state and monitoring a hydraulic line pressure
utilized by said pressure control switch to fill said clutch;

determining a hydraulic flow rate flowing to said clutch based upon said state of said pressure control switch and said hydraulic
line pressure;

tracking a clutch fill volume of said clutch based upon said hydraulic flow rate;
estimating a clutch fill completion time based upon said clutch fill volume and said hydraulic flow rate and a time span wherein
achieving clutch fill completion is expected based upon said clutch fill completion time;

monitoring an output of a pressure switch operatively coupled to said clutch and detecting a fill completion based upon achievement
of a clutch pressure calibrated to expected clutch fill completion independent of said estimating of the clutch fill completion
time based upon said clutch fill volume and said hydraulic flow rate;

indicating the clutch fill completion indicating said clutch is in a touching state,
wherein indicating said clutch fill completion comprises:
comparing said time span wherein achieving clutch fill completion is expected and said fill completion detected by said pressure
switch;

determining whether the fill completion detected by said pressure switch occurred at a time that coincides with said time
span wherein achieving clutch fill completion is expected; and

indicating said clutch fill completion based upon said comparing and said determining.

US Pat. No. 9,098,957

REMOTE CONTROL OF VEHICULAR WIRELESS ROUTER SETTINGS

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method of controlling a wireless hotspot at a vehicle, comprising the steps of:
(a) receiving one or more Wi-Fi control variables along with a vehicle identification at a central facility;
(b) authenticating the received Wi-Fi control variables at the central facility;
(c) establishing a cellular connection between the central facility and a vehicle providing a Wi-Fi hotspot identified by
the transmitted vehicle identification; and

(d) transmitting a command to change the Wi-Fi control variables from the central facility to the vehicle when the Wi-Fi control
variables have been authenticated.

US Pat. No. 9,273,719

BRACKET HAVING A SECONDARY LOCKING FEATURE FOR ATTACHMENT OF A SHIFT CABLE TO A TRANSMISSION

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A bracket assembly configured for supporting a connector of a shift cable assembly on a transmission, the bracket assembly
comprising:
a first section including a base portion and a first flange, the first flange defining a groove configured for receiving the
connector;

a second section pivotably attached to the first section, wherein the second section includes a leg portion and a second flange;
wherein the second section is pivotable relative to the first section between an open position and a closed position;
wherein the base portion and the leg portion each define an attachment hole;
wherein the second flange is configured for capturing the connector within the groove and supporting the connector when the
connector is received within the groove and the second section is in the closed position;

wherein the first and second section each define second attachment holes; wherein the second attachment holes are configured
for receiving a fastener therethrough when the second attachment holes are aligned with one another to attach the bracket
assembly to the transmission and retain the second section in the closed position; and

wherein the second section is configured to allow the connector to be removed from the groove when the second section is in
the open position.

US Pat. No. 9,455,435

JUMP START CONTACT PROTECTION INTERFACE

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

13. A vehicle, comprising:
a vehicle body;
a battery within the vehicle body; and
a battery terminal, the battery terminal comprising:
a first electrical contact exposed to an exterior power source,
a second electrical contact hardwired to an electrical bus,
a mechanical separation device in contact with both the first electrical contact and the second electrical contact and conditionally
insulating the first electrical contact from the second contact, and

an electrical circuit configured to detect a voltage of the exterior power source and to physically modify the mechanical
separation device to electrically connect the first electrical contact with the second contact, to thereby electrically connect
the second electrical contact with the exterior power source, when a condition is met;

wherein the first electrical contact is not hardwired to the electrical bus, and the first electrical contact is configured
to selectively cover the second electrical contact to prevent electrical connection between the second electrical contact
and the exterior power source when the condition is not met.

US Pat. No. 9,462,319

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SENSOR SYNTHESIS AND ARBITRATION BETWEEN MOBILE DEVICES AND VEHICLES

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method for using data that is external to a vehicle in vehicular application, said method comprising:
determining data that is external to the vehicle is available for use;
comparing the external data to data that is available on a vehicle system;
determining whether the external data has a higher utility function compared to data that is available on the vehicle system,
where the utility function is computed based on an accuracy, a latency and a cost of the data; and

using the external data to enhance a vehicular application if the external data has a higher utility function than the data
that is available on the vehicle system.

US Pat. No. 9,272,593

TOP MOUNT WITH MCU ISOLATOR IN INNER METAL

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A product comprising a top mount for a strut having a first inner strut rod attachment component comprising a metal and
including a radial groove, a second inner strut rod attachment component having at least a portion received in the radial
groove of the first strut rod attachment component, a resilient or elastomeric material interposed between the first inner
strut rod attachment component and the second inner strut rod attachment component, and wherein the second inner strut rod
attachment component is constructed and arranged to receive a strut rod.

US Pat. No. 9,267,451

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING COMBUSTION NOISE IN AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method for controlling an internal combustion engine operating in a homogeneous-charge compression-ignition combustion
mode in response to a fast transient event from a low-load state to a high-load state, comprising:
operating the engine with a negative valve overlap between an intake valve and an exhaust valve;
determining a preferred combustion phasing responsive to the high-load state;
determining a preferred EGR mass corresponding to the determined preferred combustion phasing based on a relationship between
preferred combustion phasing and preferred EGR mass;

determining a preferred intake valve timing corresponding to the determined preferred combustion phasing based on a relationship
between preferred combustion phasing and preferred intake valve timing;

determining an adjusted intake valve timing; comprising:
determining a prescribed intake valve timing in response to a difference between the preferred EGR mass and an actual EGR
mass based upon a relationship between the EGR mass difference and prescribed intake valve timing; and

multiplying the prescribed intake valve timing by a gain factor related to engine load;
determining a preferred intake valve timing command based upon a difference between the preferred intake valve timing and
the adjusted intake valve timing; and

controlling an intake variable cam phasing device in response to the preferred intake valve timing command.

US Pat. No. 9,238,995

ENERGY CONTROL SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR A POWERTRAIN OF A VEHICLE

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A system comprising:
a mode module that generates a mode signal based on a temperature of an engine and at least one of a deceleration signal and
a regenerative braking signal; and

an energy module that, based on the mode signal, increases cooling of a coolant of the engine during at least one of a deceleration
event of a vehicle and a regenerative braking event,

wherein the energy module, while increasing the cooling of the coolant, supplies an overvoltage to a cooling pump of the engine.

US Pat. No. 9,261,312

CARBON FIBER THERMAL INTERFACE FOR COOLING MODULE ASSEMBLY

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A propulsion system for incorporated in an electric vehicle, comprising:
a battery pack having at least one battery cell;
a cooling system including a cooling plate abutting the battery cell, and
a heat sink in thermal communication with the cooling plate by at least one carbon fiber brush coupled to a surface of the
heat sink and has a free end abutting the cooling plate.

US Pat. No. 9,255,619

BI-STABLE AND MULTI-STABLE DEVICES

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A bi-stable or multi-stable device having two or more stable positions, comprising
an elastically deformable member having two or more stable positions of minimal potential energy, said deformable member being
movable, in response to an external force applied to the deformable member, between stable positions by moving through a position
at which the deformable member has a peak potential energy;

an energy storage member, either separate from or part of the deformable member, which, during movement of the deformable
member from a first of the stable positions through the position of peak potential energy to a second of the stable positions,
stores energy derived from the external force applied to the deformable member as the deformable member moves from the first
stable position toward the position of peak potential energy, and releases the stored energy as the deformable member moves
from the position of peak potential energy toward the second stable position, wherein said energy storage member comprises
a super elastic shape memory alloy configured to undergo a phase change from an austenitic phase to a martensite phase induced
by stress during movement of the deformable member from the first stable position to the position of peak energy.

US Pat. No. 9,367,967

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ODOMETER MONITORING

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method for monitoring an odometer, the method comprising:
storing an odometer value and a vehicle position in response to an initial triggering event;
determining a second odometer value and a second vehicle position in response to a subsequent triggering event;
comparing the odometer value with the second odometer value to detect any odometer value change from the initial triggering
event to the subsequent triggering event;

comparing the vehicle position with the second vehicle position to detect any vehicle position change from the initial triggering
event to the subsequent triggering event; and

determining, from the comparing steps, whether odometer tampering has occurred.

US Pat. No. 9,279,621

INTERNAL HEAT EXCHANGER FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE AIR-CONDITIONING SYSTEM

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. heat exchanger for a motor vehicle air-conditioning system, comprising:
an outer tube including:
a side wall having an axis of symmetry defining a longitudinal axis;
a first end wall enclosing a first end of the side wall;
a second end wall enclosing a second end of the side wall opposite the first end wall;
wherein the first and second end walls are substantially perpendicular to the longitudinal axis;
a first inlet radially offset from the longitudinal axis and formed through the first end wall, the first inlet corresponding
to a first path through which a first fluid is permitted to flow;

a first outlet radially offset from the longitudinal axis and formed through the second end wall, the first outlet corresponding
to the first path, wherein the first outlet is arranged diagonally opposite from the first inlet and;

a second inlet formed through the second wall, the second inlet corresponding to a second path through which a second fluid
is permitted to flow;

a second outlet formed through the first end wall, the second outlet corresponding to the second path, wherein the second
outlet is arranged diagonally opposite from the second inlet; and

an inner tube disposed within the outer tube that corresponds to the first path, the inner tube including an inlet branching
section extending from the first inlet in a first region of the inner tube and branching into at least two heat exchanger
tubes, which are spirally wound to form a double helix, arranged in spaced relation to define a columnar gap therebetween,
and in fluid communication with the first outlet.

US Pat. No. 9,394,888

SYSTEM WITH DAMPER-CONTROLLED SWITCH FOR SHAPE MEMORY ALLOY ACTUATOR MOTION CONTROL

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A system for controlling motion of a shape memory alloy actuator, the system comprising:
a damper operatively connectable to the shape memory alloy actuator and having a movable portion configured to move with the
shape memory alloy actuator when the shape memory alloy actuator contracts during electrical activation;

an electronic switch operatively connectable to the shape memory alloy actuator and to the damper; wherein the electronic
switch has an open position in which electrical power flow to the shape memory alloy actuator through the electronic switch
is prevented, and a closed position in which electrical power flow to the shape memory alloy actuator through the electronic
switch is permitted;

a biasing element applying a biasing force to the damper that urges the electronic switch to the closed position; and
wherein the damper is configured to overcome the biasing force of the biasing element to move the switch to the open position
only when a velocity of the movable portion equals or exceeds a predetermined threshold velocity, and to return to the closed
position due to the biasing force of the biasing element when the velocity of the movable portion falls below the predetermined
threshold velocity.

US Pat. No. 9,267,449

CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR COORDINATING THROTTLE AND BOOST

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A system, comprising:
a manifold air pressure (MAP) determination module that determines a desired MAP based on a driver torque request;
a boost control module that controls a wastegate of a boost device based on the desired MAP; and
a throttle control module that controls a throttle valve based on the desired MAP, wherein:
the boost control module fully closes the wastegate of the boost device when the desired MAP is less than a first pressure;
and

the throttle control module fully opens the throttle valve when the desired MAP is greater than the first pressure.

US Pat. No. 9,347,560

TEMPERATURE REGULATING DEVICE FOR A PRESSURE VESSEL

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A vessel comprising:
a hollow inner shell having an interior cavity adapted to store a first fluid;
an outer shell formed around the hollow inner shell;
a temperature regulating device at least one of disposed between the hollow inner shell and the outer shell, disposed in the
hollow inner shell, and disposed in the outer shell; and

a boss having a vessel opening formed therethrough and in communication with the interior cavity of the hollow inner shell,
the boss including a first fluid conduit and a second fluid conduit formed therein between the vessel opening and an outer
surface of the boss, the boss disposed on the inner shell and forming a substantially fluid tight seal therebetween, wherein
the first fluid conduit, the second fluid conduit, and the temperature regulating device are in fluid communication with a
temperature control system, and a second fluid received by the temperature regulating device through the first fluid conduit
from the temperature control system is permitted to circulate in the temperature regulating device and return to the temperature
control system through the second fluid conduit.

US Pat. No. 9,135,691

METALLOGRAPHIC METHOD FOR ACCURATE MEASUREMENT OF PORE SIZES AND DISTRIBUTIONS IN METAL CASTINGS

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method of determining pore size and distribution in a metal casting, said method comprising:
providing a computer-based image analysis system comprising an input, an output, a processor, memory and program code comprising
at least one algorithm configured to calculate pore spacings comprising at least one of pore-to-pore spacing, pore-to-surface
spacing, distance-to-surface spacing and centroid-to-centroid spacing;

receiving into said system an image corresponding to a location of interest in a sample of said metal casting;
measuring with said system at least one of a porosity volume percent and pore size for a plurality of pores within said image;
spatially defining with said system reference-frame coordinates corresponding to a relative position of each of said plurality
of pores within said image;

operating said processor in conjunction with said at least one algorithm to calculate said pore spacings based on said spatially-defined
coordinates; and

grouping said measured pore sizes and pore spacings into clusters based on an interpore secondary dendrite arm spacing of
fewer than five secondary dendrite arm spacing units apart such that a measurement produced for at least one of said pore
size and said pore distribution within said received image is correlated to at least one of an actual porosity volume percent
and pore size within said sample.

US Pat. No. 9,230,180

EYES-OFF-THE-ROAD CLASSIFICATION WITH GLASSES CLASSIFIER

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. Method for determining if an Eyes-Off-the-Road (EOTR) condition exists, comprising:
capturing image data corresponding to a driver from a monocular camera device;
detecting whether the driver is wearing eye glasses based on the image data using an eye glasses classifier, comprising:
extracting visual features from the captured image data;
quantizing the extracted visual features using a dictionary of multiple visual words obtained by a clustering routine;
pooling the quantized visual features to generate a spatial histogram of the visual words; and
classifying the spatial histogram using the eye-glasses classifier to detect whether the driver is wearing eye glasses; and
when it is detected that the driver is wearing eye glasses:
detecting a driver face location from the captured image data; and
determining whether the EOTR condition exists based on the driver face location using an EOTR classifier.

US Pat. No. 9,063,796

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR IMPROVING PROCESSING PERFORMANCE OF A MULTI-CORE PROCESSOR

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method for managing task execution in a multi-core processor, comprising:
employing a spinlock to effect a dynamically enforceable mutual exclusion constraint; and
employing a multi-processor priority ceiling protocol to effect the dynamically enforceable mutual exclusion constraint to
synchronize a plurality of tasks executing in the first and second processing cores of the multi-core processor;

wherein employing the multi-processor priority ceiling protocol comprises employing a global priority ceiling to preempt tasks
having selected mutual exclusion constraints by a task having a mutual exclusion constraint having a higher remote priority
ceiling, including executing global critical sections corresponding to a global mutex MG when a task T acquires the global mutex MG at a set priority.

US Pat. No. 9,505,341

MOTOR VEHICLE HEADLAMP

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A headlamp system for a motor vehicle comprising:
a headlamp having at least one light emission parameter;
a sensor configured to detect an ambient light condition and convert the ambient light condition into an ambient light signal,
wherein the ambient light condition is not emitted by the headlamp in front of a motor vehicle;

a headlamp controller configured to:
store the at least one light emission parameter;
compare a current actual light emission parameter with the ambient light signal acquired from the sensor;
change the at least one light emission parameter in accordance with the ambient light signal when a control value for the
current actual light emission parameter is reached; and

store the changed light emission parameter as an updated light emission parameter for a subsequent comparison with the ambient
light signals acquired from the sensor.

US Pat. No. 9,104,111

SOLUTION TO OPTICAL CONSTRAINT ON MICROTRUSS PROCESSING

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A system for fabricating a radiation-cured structure, comprising:
a radiation-sensitive material having a first refractive index;
a radiation source configured to generate a plurality of radiation beams for at least one of initiating, polymerizing, crosslinking,
and dissociating the radiation-sensitive material; and

a mask disposed between the radiation-sensitive material and the radiation source, the mask abutting the radiation-sensitive
material and having a plurality of substantially radiation transparent apertures, wherein the mask is formed from a mask material
having a second refractive index, and at least one of a) an at least one normalizing surface is disposed between the radiation
source and the mask, and b) a refractive fluid having a third refractive index is disposed between the radiation source and
the mask.

US Pat. No. 9,284,894

REDUCED TORQUE VARIATION FOR ENGINES WITH ACTIVE FUEL MANAGEMENT

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method for active fuel management in an engine having a plurality of cylinders, the method comprising:
stopping a fuel flow into a first set of the plurality of cylinders, the stopping causing a deactivation of the first set
of the plurality of cylinders;

continuing injection of fuel into a second set of the plurality of cylinders to provide power while the first set of the plurality
of cylinders are deactivated; and

injecting gas into the first set of the plurality of cylinders when each of the first set of the plurality of cylinders are
at bottom dead center, the injected gas increasing a cylinder pressure in each of the first set of the plurality of cylinders
that reduces an amplitude of first order torque variations during operation of the engine while the first set of the plurality
of cylinders are deactivated.

US Pat. No. 9,267,996

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR ESTIMATING VOLTAGE OF A BATTERY ELEMENT

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method for estimating the voltage of a battery element of a vehicle battery system, the method comprising the steps of:
providing a balancing/sensing circuit having a series resistive element and a series combination of a balancing switch and
a balancing resistive element electrically connected in parallel with the battery element;

measuring the voltage across the combination of the balancing switch and balancing resistive element when the balancing switch
is presumed to be in a “closed” state; and

deriving a compensated value for the measured voltage by applying a calculated compensation factor to the measured voltage,
wherein the compensated value compensates for a voltage drop associated with the series resistive element that occurs in the
balancing/sensing circuit when the balancing switch is in the “closed” state and the compensated value represents an estimate
of the actual voltage of the battery element, and further wherein the calculated compensation factor is derived from measurement(s)
of one or more electrical parameters relating to the balancing/sensing circuit.

US Pat. No. 9,261,060

FUEL INJECTOR WITH VARIABLE AREA POPPET NOZZLE

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A fuel injector comprising:
a housing defining a longitudinal bore, a high pressure fuel duct in communication with the longitudinal bore and a valve
seat including a valve seat surface and an aperture, the valve seat surface being in communication with the high pressure
fuel duct and the aperture extending through the valve seat surface and being in communication with the longitudinal bore,
wherein the high pressure fuel duct carries pressurized fuel, a low pressure fuel duct disposed at an opposite end of the
longitudinal bore from the valve seat and having a larger diameter than the longitudinal bore, the low pressure fuel duct
being connected with a fuel return line;

a poppet valve assembly including a stem and a valve head having a larger diameter than the stem and the aperture of the valve
seat, the poppet valve assembly being at least partially disposed within the longitudinal bore and being variably displaceable
between a first position and a second position, the valve head abutting the valve seat in the first position to seal the aperture,
the valve head being displaced from the valve seat in the second position downstream of the valve seat to open the aperture,
wherein the poppet valve assembly is biased to be in the first position by the pressurized fuel;

an actuation assembly coupled with the poppet valve assembly that operates to move the poppet valve assembly between the first
position and the second position; and

a piston formed separately from and coupled to the stem and a biasing member directly engaging an end face of the piston to
bias the poppet valve assembly to be in the first position, wherein the end face of the piston defines a first surface area
and the valve head defines a second surface area opposite to the end face of the piston to define a passage that communicates
directly between the piston and the valve head, the passage interacting with the pressurized fuel, the first surface area
being greater than the second surface area such that the poppet valve assembly is biased to be in the first position by the
pressurized fuel, the piston being disposed in said longitudinal bore between said high pressure fuel duct and the low pressure
fuel duct with a clearance between the piston and the longitudinal bore being between 0.1 and 5 microns.

US Pat. No. 9,262,920

METHODS AND DEVICES FOR OUTPUTTING INFORMATION IN A MOTOR VEHICLE

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method for outputting information in a motor vehicle, comprising:
determining a static head orientation and a dynamic head movement, the dynamic head movement including a head movement speed;
registering an event;
identifying a time between registering of the event and an outputting of information as a function of the event head orientation;
adjusting the time as a function of the static head orientation and the dynamic head movement; and
outputting information as a function of the time.

US Pat. No. 9,248,782

PIVOT TRAY ASSEMBLY AND PROCESS OF MAKING AND USING THE SAME

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A product comprising: a tray comprising at least one face, at least one edge, and at least one female attachment, and a
frame comprising an outline comprising a plurality of sides and at least one male attachment comprising a knob having a cross-section
comprising a circle with at least one eccentric axis, wherein the male attachment of the frame attaches to the female attachment
along the edge of the tray, wherein the female attachment comprises a deformable spring assembly comprising a horseshoe shape
further comprising a plurality of pinch points and constructed and arranged to both rotate the tray about the male attachment,
and hold or maintain the tray face in a parallel or perpendicular direction with respect to the outline of the frame.

US Pat. No. 9,266,440

ROBOTICALLY OPERATED VEHICLE CHARGING STATION

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A robotic charging station for charging a battery of an electric vehicle, the charging station comprising:
a base plate;
a riser coupled with the base plate and extending substantially transverse to the baseplate;
a robotic arm extending from the riser and supporting an end effector, the robotic arm configured to move the end effector
in three degrees of motion;

a target tracking camera integrated into the end effector and configured to periodically output a captured image;
a controller configured to:
receive the captured image from the target tracking camera;
identify a pattern on the electric vehicle from the received captured image;
determine a spatial relationship between the end effector and an electrical receptacle disposed on the electric vehicle from
at least one of a size, a skew, or a position of the pattern within the captured image, wherein the end effector includes
a plurality of electrical contacts configured to couple with the electrical receptacle; and

control the motion of the robotic arm using the determined spatial relationship to move the end effector into electrical contact
with the electrical receptacle;

the end effector includes a base plate configured to attach with the robotic arm, and a retractable guide surrounding the
plurality of electrical contacts and configured to transition between an extended state and a collapsed state, the retractable
guide configured to align the end effector with the receptacle when in an extended state;

the end effector further includes a plurality of support legs extending between the retractable guide and the base plate,
the plurality of support legs being pivotable between a first position and a second position, the support legs configured
to maintain the retractable guide in the extended state when in the first position, and configured to allow the retractable
guide to transition to the collapsed state when pivoted to the second position; wherein the electrical receptacle includes
a mechanical guide encircling a plurality of electrical contacts; and wherein contact between the mechanical guide and the
plurality of support legs is operative to pivot each of the plurality of support legs from the first position to the second
position;

the retractable guide includes an inward facing surface adjacent the plurality of electrical contacts; and wherein the retractable
guide further includes a chamfer disposed on the inward facing surface and configured to align the end effector with the receptacle
disposed on the vehicle; and

a compliant mounting adaptor coupled with the base plate of the end effector, the compliant mounting adaptor configured to
allow the base plate to move about an axis.

US Pat. No. 9,217,396

BOOSTING DEVICES WITH INTEGRAL FEATURES FOR RECIRCULATING EXHAUST GAS

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A turbocharger, comprising:
a turbine, comprising:
a turbine wheel attached to a shaft, the turbine wheel rotatably disposed in a turbine housing;
a turbine inlet located on the turbine housing and in fluid communication with a turbine volute that houses the turbine wheel,
the turbine inlet configured to direct a first exhaust gas flow from an engine to the turbine wheel;

a turbine outlet located on the turbine housing, the turbine outlet in fluid communication with the turbine volute;
a first exhaust gas recirculation supply port located on and in fluid communication with the turbine outlet, the exhaust gas
recirculation supply port configured to direct a portion of the first exhaust gas flow that has passed through the turbine
wheel to an exhaust gas recirculation supply conduit;

a second exhaust gas recirculation supply port coupled to receive the first exhaust gas flow from the engine; and,
a compressor comprising a compressor inlet, a compressor outlet and a compressor volute therebetween, the compressor further
having a compressor wheel coupled to the shaft, wherein the exhaust gas recirculation supply conduit is fluidly coupled to
the compressor between the compressor inlet and the compressor wheel.

US Pat. No. 9,457,807

UNIFIED MOTION PLANNING ALGORITHM FOR AUTONOMOUS DRIVING VEHICLE IN OBSTACLE AVOIDANCE MANEUVER

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method for generating a desired path for a vehicle to follow along a roadway, said vehicle including a map database and
a lane detection system, said method comprising:
providing roadway measurement values from the map database to a controller including a processor and a memory, where the roadway
measurement values identify locations on the roadway;

adjusting positions of the roadway measurement values relative to the roadway, in the memory, so that adjacent roadway measurement
values are substantially an equal distance apart;

determining, using the controller, a reference path using the roadway measurement values for the vehicle to follow along the
roadway;

determining, using the controller, a reference speed of the vehicle from a posted roadway speed from the map database;
determining, using the controller, that an object creates a potential collision problem with the vehicle on the reference
path and at the reference speed;

adjusting, using the controller, the reference path and/or the reference speed to avoid the object;
determining a short segment path that will bring the vehicle back to the reference path, including modeling a local closed-loop
trajectory as a fifth-order polynomial path model and a third-order polynomial speed model; and

providing signals from the controller to a vehicle brake system, a throttle and a steering system to cause the vehicle to
follow the reference path and the reference speed.

US Pat. No. 9,405,982

DRIVER GAZE DETECTION SYSTEM

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. Method for detecting an eyes-off-the-road condition based on an estimated gaze direction of a driver of a vehicle, comprising:
monitoring facial feature points of the driver within image input data captured by an in-vehicle camera device;
detecting a location for each of a plurality of eye features for an eyeball of the driver based on the monitored facial feature
points, comprising;

detecting a location of an iris;
detecting a location for a first eye corner indicative of an inner eye corner proximate to a nose bridge;
detecting a location for a second eye corner indicative of an outer eye corner;
for each corresponding eye feature of the plurality of eye features, training a classifier, comprising:
assigning image patches around a reference eye feature respective to the corresponding eye feature obtained from a database;
and

identifying one or more of the assigned image patches that are centered around the reference eye feature;
estimating a head pose of the driver based on the monitored facial feature points; and
estimating the gaze direction of the driver based on the detected location information for each of the plurality of eye features
and the estimated head pose.

US Pat. No. 9,290,084

MODULAR SUNROOF FRAME ASSEMBLY AND METHOD

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A sunroof frame assembly for a vehicle having a body structure, the sunroof frame assembly being attachable to the body
structure and comprising:
a right side rail having a first cross-section throughout its length, a front end, and a rear end;
a left side rail having a second cross-section throughout its length, a front end, and a rear end;
a front cross beam having a third cross-section throughout its length, a right end, and a left end;
a rear cross beam having a fourth cross-section throughout its length, a right end, and a left end;
a right-front corner attachment coupling fixed to the right side rail front end and to the front cross beam right end;
a right-rear corner attachment coupling fixed to the right side rail rear end and to the rear cross beam right end;
a left-rear corner attachment coupling fixed to the left side rail rear end and to the rear cross beam left end; and
a left-front corner attachment coupling fixed to the left side rail front end and to the front cross beam left end;
wherein each of the cross-sections is a constant cross-section, perpendicular to the length of the respective side rail or
cross beam; and

wherein the first cross-section, the second cross-section, and third cross-section are substantially identical.

US Pat. No. 9,794,983

EMBEDDED ANTENNA SYSTEM FOR A VEHICLE

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A vehicle RF communication system comprising:
an antenna assembly that includes:
a substrate sized for a radio frequency-friendly (RF-friendly) region in the vehicle; and
an antenna array carried by the substrate, wherein the antenna array includes two or more antennas configured for communication
in different RF bands;

a master controller comprising a processor and memory electrically coupled to each antenna of the antenna array; and
a serializer, comprising:
a plurality of input parallel ports for receiving streaming antenna data from each of the antennas in the antenna array; and
an output port coupled to a differential serial link for transmitting antenna data to a deserializer.

US Pat. No. 9,316,151

ENGINE ASSEMBLY INCLUDING CRANKSHAFT FOR V8 ARRANGEMENT

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A V8 engine crankshaft comprising:
a first crank pin defined on the crankshaft;
a second crank pin defined on the crankshaft and rotationally offset from the first crank pin;
a third crank pin defined on the crankshaft and rotationally offset from the first and second crank pins;
a fourth crank pin defined on the crankshaft and rotationally offset from the first, second and third crank pins;
a fifth crank pin defined on the crankshaft and rotationally offset from the first, second, third and fourth crank pins;
a sixth crank pin defined on the crankshaft and rotationally offset from the first, second, third, fourth and fifth crank
pins;

a seventh crank pin defined on the crankshaft and rotationally aligned with the first crank pin; and
an eighth crank pin defined on the crankshaft and rotationally aligned with the second crank pin.

US Pat. No. 9,178,224

SEALING DESIGN FOR STAMPED PLATE FUEL CELLS

GM Global Technology Oper...

20. A stamped flow-field plate for a fuel cell comprising an active region, an overlap region and a seal region, the overlap
region abutting an outer perimeter of the active region and extending to an inner perimeter of the seal region, the active
region being configured with channel and land features such that alignment between adjacent flow-field plates forms a bipolar
plate comprising a configuration of reactant channel and coolant passages in the active region and a modified configuration
of features in the overlap region, “modified” being with respect to the configuration of channel and land features in the
active region, the modified configuration comprising one or more of: coolant blocking channel features; reactant blocking
land features; substantially isolated coolant passages, each isolated coolant passage in fluid communication with active region
coolant flow by only a single interconnection positioned to permit venting of coolant passages necessary to effectuate coolant
fill; wherein all features are designed to substantially avoid channel-over-channel and land-over-land alignment between adjacent
plates and further wherein the channel and land features of the overlap region have substantially the same pitch and height
as the channel and land features of the active region.

US Pat. No. 9,097,153

COMBUSTION ENGINE EXHAUST SYSTEM WITH DEVICE FOR HEAT RECOVERY, AND METHOD FOR OPERATING SUCH AN EXHAUST SYSTEM

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

6. An exhaust system of a combustion engine of a motor vehicle, the exhaust system comprising:
an exhaust line forking out from a branching point into a heat exchanger branch with a heat exchanger and a bypass branch
connected to a cooling circuit and reuniting at a region downstream of the heat exchanger branch and the bypass branch;

an adjustable control element including an exhaust flap located at the branching point and partially positionable into the
bypass branch for diverting combustion gas flowing through the exhaust line to the heat exchanger branch and the bypass branch;

an actuator coupled to the adjustable control element for adjustment of the adjustable control element by an adjusting mechanism,
the actuator coupled into the cooling circuit of the heat exchanger and is cooled by a coolant circulating through the cooling
circuit.

US Pat. No. 9,261,062

SQUEEZE CLIP GROUND STRAP

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. An engine, comprising:
a cylinder head configured to be ohmically coupled to a common ground;
a intake manifold configured to be coupled to the cylinder head, the intake manifold comprising an insulative material ohmically
isolating the intake manifold from the cylinder head, the intake manifold including a first inclusion having a predetermined
depth along a first surface of the intake manifold configured to be coupled to the cylinder head and a second inclusion having
a predetermined depth on a second surface of the intake manifold, the second surface of the intake manifold being substantially
perpendicular to the first surface of the intake manifold;

a fuel rail configured to be coupled to the intake manifold; and
a spring clip configured to be ohmically coupled to the fuel rail, wherein the spring clip is further configured to be disposed
within the first inclusion of the intake manifold and to have a deflectable surface having an undeflected depth greater than
the predetermined depth of the first inclusion.

US Pat. No. 9,432,828

VEHICLE EMERGENCY DIALING SYSTEM

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method for providing emergency vehicle services, the method comprising the steps of:
detecting an emergency condition including a vehicle crash and/or rollover;
determining if a vehicle telematics unit is available; and
initiating an emergency communication using one or more wireless devices present in the vehicle if the vehicle telematics
unit is not available.

US Pat. No. 9,254,733

AUTOMOTIVE GLASS CHANNEL AND METHOD

GM Global Technology Oper...

10. A division post assembly comprising:
a division post defining a glass run channel; and
a bracket member being rotatably connected to the division post;
wherein the bracket member is selectively rotatable with respect to the division post about an axis of rotation between a
first position in which the bracket member is substantially parallel with the division post, and a second position in which
the bracket member is generally perpendicular to the division post; wherein the division post has a first surface and a second
surface;

wherein the bracket member includes a first leg and a second leg;
wherein the first leg contacts the first surface of the division post, and the second leg contacts the second surface when
the bracket member is in the first position; and

wherein the first leg is on one side of the axis of rotation and the second leg is on another side of the axis of rotation
when the bracket member is in the first position.

US Pat. No. 9,187,062

VEHICLE WINDSHIELD WIPER SYSTEM WITH ENERGY-ABSORBING FEATURE

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A windshield wiper system for a vehicle comprising:
a wiper arm pivot shaft having a pivot axis extending through the pivot shaft;
an energy-absorbing feature arranged to absorb energy of an external force applied to the wiper arm pivot shaft, thereby enabling
the wiper arm pivot shaft to move away from the external force;

a pivot shaft holder having a cavity; wherein the pivot shaft holder is configured to support the pivot shaft in the cavity
so that the pivot shaft is pivotable about the pivot axis relative to the pivot shaft holder;

a mount feature adapted for attachment to a vehicle structural support member;
wherein the energy-absorbing feature is a shear pin operatively fixing the pivot shaft holder to the mount feature; wherein
the shear pin is displaced laterally from the pivot axis; and

wherein the shear pin is configured to shear when the external force is at least a predetermined magnitude.

US Pat. No. 9,181,841

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MONITORING THE LIGHT-OFF TEMPERATURE OF A DIESEL OXIDATION CATALYST

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method for monitoring a light-off temperature of a diesel oxidation catalyst of a combustion engine, comprising the steps
of:
measuring a temperature of an exhaust gas upstream and downstream of the diesel oxidation catalyst during a post injection
phase or after injection phase of the combustion engine;

determining whether a catalyst light-off occurred by using the temperature of the exhaust gas;
calculating a surface temperature of the diesel oxidation catalyst by using the temperature of the exhaust gas; and
defining the calculated surface temperature as the light-off temperature of the diesel oxidation catalyst if the catalyst
light-off is determined;

storing the light-off temperature in an engine control unit such that the engine control unit may utilize the light-off temperature
in operating the combustion engine;

comparing the surface temperature with the previously stored light-off temperature; replacing the previously stored light-off
temperature with the surface temperature if greater than a negligible difference between the surface temperature and the stored
light-off temperature is determined;

defining the previously stored light-off temperature as the tight-off temperature if at least one of no light-off is determined
and only a negligible difference between the calculated surface temperature and the previously stored light-off temperature
is determined; and

utilizing the light-off temperature to control post-injection of fuel into the cylinders of the combustion engine.

US Pat. No. 9,278,684

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING A HYBRID VEHICLE

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method of controlling a hybrid vehicle, the hybrid vehicle including a powertrain, the powertrain including an internal
combustion engine, an electric-motor generator, a control module, and an energy storage device, the energy storage device
being configured to supply electrical energy to the electric motor-generator, the method comprising:
receiving, via the control module, route data regarding a desired trip, the route data including a desired destination;
determining, via the control module, a load distribution along the desired trip based, at least in part, on the route data;
determining, via the control module, a driving cycle of the hybrid vehicle based, at least in part, on the route data, wherein
the driving cycle is a series of data points representing a speed of the vehicle versus time for the desired trip, the load
distribution is based, at least in part, on the driving cycle, and the load distribution is a series of data points representing
a load of the hybrid vehicle versus time along the desired trip;

determining, via the control module, a load threshold based, at least in part, on the load distribution along the desired
trip;

determining, via the control module, a charge-depleting operating threshold based, at least in part, on a state of charge
of the energy storage device;

determining, via the control module, a charge-depleting range of the hybrid vehicle based, at least in part, on the route
data, the state of charge of the energy storage device, and the driving cycle, wherein the load threshold is based, at least
in part, on the charge-depleting range;

comparing, via the control module, the charge-depleting range with a trip length of the desired trip in order to determine
if the trip length is greater than the charge-depleting range, wherein determining the load distribution is performed if the
trip length is greater than the charge-depleting range, and the charge-depleting range is a driving range that the hybrid
vehicle is capable of traveling along the route while operating in the charge-depleting mode;

determining an arithmetic mean position of all the data points in the load distribution, wherein the arithmetic mean position
includes a first coordinate corresponding to the load of the hybrid vehicle and a second coordinate corresponding to time;

commanding the powertrain, via the control module, to shift from a charge-depleting mode to a charge-sustaining mode when
a load of the hybrid vehicle is equal to or greater than the load threshold, wherein the hybrid vehicle uses energy from the
energy storage device when operating in the charge-depleting mode, and the hybrid vehicle only uses energy from the internal
combustion engine when operating in the charge-sustaining mode; and

commanding the powertrain, via the control module, to shift from the charge-sustaining mode to the charge-depleting mode when
the hybrid vehicle has traveled a distance that is greater than or equal to the charge-depleting operating threshold since
the powertrain shifted from the charge-depleting mode to the charge-sustaining mode.

US Pat. No. 9,206,898

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A CLUTCH IN A TRANSMISSION

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A control module-implemented method to control a clutch in a transmission, comprising:
monitoring a frequency response at a single location in the transmission comprising a point of engagement between mating surfaces
of the clutch and a clutch housing when the clutch is cyclically loaded during a transition from a present gear number operation
to a predicted next gear number operation, comprising:

monitoring a first amplitude indicative of a number of occurrences a response repeats one time per revolution of the clutch,
said response being indicative of a peak friction value between the mating surfaces; and

monitoring at least a second amplitude indicative of a number of occurrences the response repeats more than one time per revolution
of the clutch;

determining a ratio of at least the second amplitude to the first amplitude; and
during the transition from the present gear number operation to the predicted next gear number operation when the clutch is
cyclically loaded, determining one of:

a first shudder condition indicative of shudder requiring remedial action that includes modifying operation of the clutch
when the ratio of at least the second amplitude to the first amplitude is at least a first threshold ratio of fifty percent;

a second shudder condition indicative of shudder requiring remedial action that includes generating a service warning indicating
a need to change transmission fluid when the ratio of at least the second amplitude to the first amplitude is less than the
first threshold ratio and at least a second threshold ratio of thirty percent.

US Pat. No. 9,067,325

HUMAN GRASP ASSIST DEVICE SOFT GOODS

GM Global Technology Oper...

13. A grasp assist system comprising:
a glove constructed at least partially of elastane fiber, and having:
a plurality of fingers;
a thumb;
a force sensor positioned with respect to the thumb, wherein the force sensor is configured to measure a grasping force applied
to an object by an operator wearing the glove;

an adjustable wrist strap;
a plurality of adjustable phalange rings, wherein a different pair of the adjustable phalange rings is positioned with respect
to the proximal and medial phalanges of a corresponding one of the fingers;

a plurality of arcuate saddles, wherein a different one of the saddles is positioned at one of the medial and the distal phalanges
of the corresponding fingers;

flexible tendons each having a first end connected to a corresponding one of the saddles;
a plurality of conduits, wherein each of the conduits contains a corresponding one of the tendons; and
a conduit anchor attached to the glove, wherein the conduit plastic anchor receives the conduits therein via a first set of
openings and allows the tendons to pass through the conduit anchor via another set of openings; and

a flexible sleeve that is wearable on a forearm of the operator, wherein the sleeve includes:
a plurality of motorized actuator assemblies, wherein each of the assemblies is connected to a second end of a corresponding
one of the flexible tendons and is contained in a pocket of the sleeve; and

a controller in communication with the force sensor, wherein the controller is configured to calculate a tensile force in
response to the measured grasping force, and to command the tensile force from at least one of the actuator assemblies.

US Pat. No. 9,300,417

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR PROVIDING USER-SELECTABLE PRESET OPTIONS AND ASSOCIATED DATA FOR A VEHICLE ONBOARD COMPUTER SYSTEM

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method for providing display information for preset options using a vehicle onboard computer system, the method comprising:
replacing a default screen display with a selection screen display for a designated period of time, wherein the selection
screen display comprises a plurality of user-selectable preset options, wherein the selection screen display is configured
to fill a capacity of a user interface of the vehicle onboard computer system with the plurality of user-selectable preset
options, and wherein the plurality of user-selectable preset options comprises at least one of a radio broadcast, a podcast,
or streaming media;

receiving a data stream associated with one of the plurality of user-selectable preset options, the data stream comprising
a broadcast presentation and detail associated with the broadcast presentation;

extracting the detail from the data stream;
uploading the detail to a remote server;
downloading, from the remote server, broadcast information associated with each of a remainder of the plurality of user-selectable
preset options;

displaying the detail at the one of the plurality of user-selectable preset options; and
displaying the broadcast information at each of the remainder of the plurality of user-selectable preset options.

US Pat. No. 9,284,903

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ADJUSTING ENGINE SPEED AND/OR ENGINE LOAD TO IMPROVE FUEL ECONOMY WITHOUT CAUSING VEHICLE VIBRATION THAT IS PERCEIVABLE BY A VEHICLE OCCUPANT

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A system comprising:
a vibration level module that:
estimates a first level of vibration in a vehicle due to contact between tires of the vehicle and a road surface as the vehicle
travels over the road surface; and

estimates a second level of vibration in the vehicle due to an engine in the vehicle; and
an engine operation control module that selectively adjusts at least one of a speed of the engine and a load on the engine
when the second vibration level is less than the first vibration level.

US Pat. No. 9,187,137

MOTOR VEHICLE BODY

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A motor vehicle body comprising:
a structural element;
a B-pillar fastened to the structural element; and
a dissipation device having at least one torsion segment operably coupled to a lower end of the B-pillar, wherein displacement
of the lower end of the B-pillar from a side impact event causes plastic torsion of the at least one torsion segment for dissipating
energy, wherein the dissipation device further comprises a lever joined with the lower end of the B-pillar and the structural
element, and

wherein the lever comprises at least two legs and a yoke joining the legs, wherein the lower end of the B-pillar is joined
with the yoke, and the structural element is joined with the legs.

US Pat. No. 9,178,203

BATTERY MODULE WITH A FLEXIBLE BUS

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A battery module, comprising:
a plurality of battery cells, each of the battery cells including a main body having a first terminal and a second terminal
disposed thereon, the main body including an active material configured to generate power from an electrochemical reaction,
wherein adjacent battery cells are coupled together by a hinge formed by a flexible material disposed along opposing edges
of the adjacent battery cells on opposite sides of the adjacent battery cells; and

a flexible bus coupled to the battery cells, the flexible bus including an electrical current harness configured to conduct
an electrical current through the battery module and a battery management system configured to detect and transmit status
infounation of at least one of the battery cells, wherein the electrical current harness is formed by a first main terminal,
a second main terminal, and a plurality of flexible bus bars electrically connected to the battery cells, each of the bus
bars electrically connects the first terminal of one of the battery cells with the second terminal of an adjacent one of the
battery cells, and each flexible bus bar includes a hinge configured to fold about 180 degrees, the hinges of adjacent flexible
bus bars configured to fold in opposite directions.

US Pat. No. 9,120,224

FRAMEWORK AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A ROBOTIC SYSTEM USING A DISTRIBUTED COMPUTER NETWORK

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A robotic system operable for performing an autonomous task, the robotic system comprising:
a humanoid robot having a plurality of integrated system components, including a plurality of compliant robotic joints, actuators
adapted for moving the robotic joints, and sensors adapted for measuring feedback data of the integrated system components
including the plurality of joints; and

a multi-level distributed control framework (DCF) adapted for controlling the integrated system components over multiple high-speed
communication networks, including a backplane, the DCF including:

a plurality of first controllers each configured as a joint controller operable for processing the measured feedback data
within a corresponding one of the integrated system components, such that each of the first controllers controls a single
degree of freedom (DOF) of the robot, wherein each of the plurality of joint controllers is embedded in the humanoid robot
in close proximity to a respective one of the robotic joints;

a second controller in the form of a brainstem having a plurality of modules connected to the backplane, wherein the brainstem,
via the modules, provides reactive commands to the first controllers to command performance of the autonomous task in response
to top-level commands, and prioritizes actions of the robot for the autonomous task by assigning a required communications
speed to each of the actions and

a third controller in the form of a system commander that is adapted for transmitting the top-level commands to the second
controller as a signal, thereby commanding performance of the autonomous task;

wherein the DCF centralizes and abstracts control data to, and the feedback data from, the integrated system components in
a single logical location such that access to the centralized control data is provided only via the system commander to facilitate
control of the humanoid robot across the multiple high-speed communication networks.

US Pat. No. 9,200,581

METHOD FOR PERFORMING ON/OFF DIAGNOSIS OF A SMART COOLING PUMP FOR AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method for performing on/off diagnosis of a smart cooling pump for an internal combustion engine comprising a cylinder
having an inner liner layer, an external engine block layer, and a coolant layer placed between the inner liner layer and
the external engine block layer, wherein the smart cooling pump pumps a coolant fluid inside the coolant layer, the method
comprising the steps of:
measuring a current value of a plurality of time-varying engine parameters including a coolant layer temperature and an inner
liner layer temperature to obtain a measured current value of the inner liner layer, and measuring a current value of an ambient
temperature;

modelling a current value of an average temperature of the inner liner layer by solving for the external engine block layer,
the coolant layer, and the inner liner layer an enthalpy balance equation and a heat exchange equation and by solving a combustion
heat flow equation and a friction heat flow equation for the internal combustion engine to obtain a modelled current value
of the average temperature of the inner liner layer;

determining an on/off status of the smart cooling pump by evaluating if a difference between the modelled current value of
the average temperature of the inner liner layer and the measured current value of the inner liner layer temperature is greater
or smaller than a threshold value;

comparing the on/off status of the smart cooling pump diagnosed during the determining with the on/off status of the smart
cooling pump required by an electronic control unit for the internal combustion engine to obtain a status comparison; and

performing a control strategy on the smart cooling pump and/or the internal combustion engine on a basis of the status comparison.

US Pat. No. 9,199,591

FRAME STRUCTURE FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A frame structure for a motor vehicle comprising:
a side member;
a first crash box, having a compression section and a transition section, longitudinally extending from an anchorage section
of the side member, the transition section of the first crash box adjacent to the anchorage section of the side member;

a second crash box obliquely extending from at least one of the anchorage section and the transition section of the arrangement
of side member and first crash box, the second crash box being a deformable energy absorbing member; and

a bumper cross member positioned over the first crash box to the side and fastened to an outer end of the second crash box.

US Pat. No. 9,083,050

CHEMICAL DURABILITY USING SYNERGYSTIC MITIGATION STRATEGIES

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method of making a membrane electrode assembly, the method comprising:
a) placing a cathode layer over a first side of an ion conducting membrane such that the cathode layer contacts a portion
of the ion conducting membrane, the cathode layer including a stabilization agent that is diffusible into the ion conducting
membrane and the ion conducting membrane includes platinum or a platinum-containing compound or alloy; the stabilization agent
comprising a compound selected from the group consisting of Ce(III) containing compounds, Mn(II) containing compounds, and
combinations thereof; and

b) placing an anode layer over a second side of the ion conducting membrane wherein the ion conducting membrane comprises
a first ion conducting membrane proximate to the anode and a second ion conducting membrane proximate to the cathode, a concentration
of platinum in the second ion conducting membrane being higher than a concentration of platinum in the first ion conducting
membrane.

US Pat. No. 9,308,898

HAND BRAKE DEVICE FOR A VEHICLE

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A brake actuation device for a vehicle having a brake comprising:
an electric actuator for activating the brake;
an electric switch operating element movable between a brake apply position and a brake release position;
a control unit configured to control the actuator according to the position of the switch; and
a locking device configured to lock the switch in the brake apply position, wherein the locking device is controlled by the
control unit.

US Pat. No. 9,267,493

INTRINSIC MONITORING OF SHAPE MEMORY ALLOY ACTUATED DEVICES

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method of monitoring the operation of an on-vehicle device with a movable component capable of adopting at least two
positions, the device being operated by direct current (DC) electricity provided by a vehicle battery, the device comprising:
the movable component that is moved with respect to other components of the device by a linear shape memory alloy (SMA) actuator
as a part of the device, the SMA actuator being in electrical communication with the vehicle battery for heating the SMA actuator,
the heating of the actuator being selected to cause the SMA actuator to transform from a first metallurgical phase to a second
metallurgical phase and to thereby shorten in length to move the moveable component from an initial position to a second position,
the device further comprising a return spring arranged and adapted to stretch the SMA actuator when heating is discontinued
and the SMA actuator cools and transforms from the second metallurgical phase to the first metallurgical phase, the extent
of the stretching being limited by a stop, the stop being positioned so that the moveable component is moved from the second
position and restored to the initial position to prepare the SMA actuator for repeated operation, the method of monitoring
the on-vehicle device comprising:

repeatedly operating the device in response to an actuating signal by applying, for at least a predetermined heating time,
a predetermined direct current electrical potential across the full length of the linear SMA actuator to produce an electrical
current through the length of the linear SMA actuator, the predetermined DC electrical potential and predetermined time period
being selected to heat the linear actuator to a temperature sufficient to transform the linear SMA actuator to the second
metallurgical phase in which the length of the linear actuator is shortened so as to reposition the movable component, and
making, at time intervals during application of DC current to the SMA actuator, a series of simultaneous measurements of the
instantaneous electrical potential and instantaneous electrical current, and using these measurements to compute a series
of measures of the electrical resistance of the linear SMA actuator at like time intervals; then,

stopping DC current flow and allowing the linear SMA actuator to cool to a temperature sufficient for the SMA actuator to
transform to the first metallurgical phase in which the return spring strains the linear SMA actuator to its original length
and returns the movable component to its original position to ready the device for subsequent operation;

placing and retaining pre-specified data, or historical data, of acceptable heating current flow in the linear SMA actuator
and variation in electrical resistance during the heating time of the linear SMA actuator in an on-vehicle computer system;
and

thereafter, during each use of the on-vehicle device, using the on-vehicle computer system, to compare values of current flow
and electrical resistance experienced by the linear SMA actuator during application of DC electricity to monitor the present
function and viability of the device, and to report a malfunction in the device to a vehicle operator or a device service
location, where such comparing comprises the consideration of at least one of an initial current value and a sequence of current
values over a time period, and also a sequence of electrical resistance values over a time period.

US Pat. No. 9,180,408

FUEL EFFICIENT AMMONIA GENERATION STRATEGY FOR LEAN-BURN ENGINES UTILIZING PASSIVE NH3-SCR FOR THE CONTROL OF NOX

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method for operating an ammonia generation cycle in an internal combustion engine and a connected aftertreatment system,
the method comprising:
operating a deceleration fuel cut-off function command during normal operation of the engine, the deceleration fuel cut-off
function command depriving the engine of fuel during deceleration events;

monitoring operation of the engine and the aftertreatment system;
determining a need to generate ammonia based upon the monitored operation;
based upon the determined need and prior to executing the deceleration fuel cut-off function command for an impending deceleration
event:

determining a present oxygen storage amount in the aftertreatment system based upon the monitored operation;
monitoring driver commands to the engine;
determining a predicted deceleration time for the impending deceleration event based upon the monitored operation and the
monitored commands;

determining a predicted air to fuel ratio in the aftertreatment system if the deceleration fuel cut-off function command is
executed during the impending deceleration event;

determining a predicted oxygen storage content in the aftertreatment system after the deceleration event based upon the predicted
air to fuel ratio in the aftertreatment system if the deceleration fuel cut-off function command is executed and the present
oxygen storage amount;

determining a predicted air to fuel ratio in the aftertreatment system if the deceleration fuel cut-off function command is
not executed during the impending deceleration event;

determining a predicted oxygen storage content in the aftertreatment system after the deceleration event based upon the predicted
air to fuel ratio in the aftertreatment system if the deceleration fuel cut-off function command is not executed and the present
oxygen storage amount;

comparing the predicted oxygen storage contents; and
selectively overriding the deceleration fuel cut-off function command based upon the comparing indicating an ability to reduce
oxygen storage in the aftertreatment system during the impending deceleration event.

US Pat. No. 9,234,449

LEAK AND BLOCKAGE DIAGNOSTIC SYSTEMS AND METHODS

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A diagnostic system for a vehicle, comprising:
a first electronic circuit that generates a first difference based on a first pressure measured at a first secondary air injection
(SAI) valve and a previous value of the first pressure;

a second electronic circuit that generates a first accumulated difference based on a sum of values of the first difference
generated during a predetermined period;

a third electronic circuit that generates a first average of the values of the first difference generated during the predetermined
period based on the first accumulated difference;

a fourth electronic circuit that generates a second difference based on a second pressure measured at a second SAI valve and
a previous value of the second pressure;

a fifth electronic circuit that generates a second accumulated difference based on a sum of values of the second difference
generated during the predetermined period;

a sixth electronic circuit that generates a second average of the values of the second difference generated during the predetermined
period based on the second accumulated difference;

a seventh electronic circuit that selectively indicates that a fault is present downstream of one of the first and second
SAI valves based on a difference between the first and second averages; and

an eighth electronic circuit that illuminates a malfunction indicator lamp when the seventh electronic circuit indicates that
the fault is present.

US Pat. No. 9,187,068

METHOD OF APPLYING AN ELECTRIC PARKING BRAKE SYSTEM IN HYBRID AND ELECTRIC VEHICLE PROPULSION SYSTEMS

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method applying an electric park brake system of a vehicle, the method comprising:
detecting a park request with a first vehicle control module;
sending a park command, from the first vehicle control module to an electric brake control module and to a second vehicle
control module, to request that the electric park brake system be actuated;

sending an actuation signal, from the electric brake control module to a motor winding of the electric park brake system,
to actuate the motor winding, when the electric brake control module receives the park command from the first vehicle control
module;

sending a status actuated signal from the electric brake control module to the second vehicle control module indicating that
the actuation signal, from the electric brake control module, has been sent to the motor winding to actuate the motor winding;

sensing a position of the motor winding to determine if the motor winding is actuated in response to the actuation signal;
and

displaying a message to indicate that the electric park brake system is applied when the position of the motor winding indicates
that the motor winding is actuated.

US Pat. No. 9,316,166

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING AN OPERATING FREQUENCY OF A PURGE VALVE TO IMPROVE FUEL DISTRIBUTION TO CYLINDERS OF AN ENGINE

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A system comprising:
an engine speed module that determines a speed of an engine based on a position of a crankshaft; and
a valve control module that selectively adjusts an operating frequency of a purge valve to a first frequency when the engine
speed corresponds to a harmonic of the operating frequency of the purge valve, wherein the engine speed does not correspond
to a harmonic of the first frequency.

US Pat. No. 9,230,531

ROAD NOISE MASKING IN A VEHICLE

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method for implementing road noise masking for a vehicle, the method comprising:
determining, via a computer processor in the vehicle, an expected interior sound associated with the vehicle, the expected
interior sound defined by a design of the vehicle in conjunction with road conditions encountered by the vehicle and vehicle
sensitivity information that relates to sound perceived inside the vehicle when a particular road surface of interest is encountered;

monitoring, via the computer processor, information sources of the vehicle during a driving event to determine a current road
surface by:

accessing road translation information based on vehicle wheel speed data from wheel speed rotation sensors of the vehicle
and position data from a magneto-rheological suspension position sensor of the vehicle, and

identifying the current road surface corresponding to the road translation information; and
upon determining a current road surface is the particular road surface of interest from the monitoring:
calculating a masking noise shape commensurate with the expected interior sound, and
transmitting instructions including the masking noise shape to an audio system in the vehicle, the audio system producing
masking noise from a tuner of the audio system that approximates the masking noise shape.

US Pat. No. 9,353,667

EXHAUST PRESSURE LINE FOR AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. An internal combustion engine comprising:
a Diesel Particulate Filter comprising an upstream pressure port and a downstream pressure port;
an exhaust pressure sensor;
an engine block, comprising:
an upstream cavity;
a downstream cavity;
an exhaust side of the engine block; and
an intake side of the engine block;
wherein the upstream cavity and the downstream cavity extend through the engine block and connect the exhaust side to the
intake side; and an exhaust pressure line connecting the Diesel Particulate Filter to the exhaust pressure sensor, wherein
a portion of the exhaust pressure line extends through a cavity of the engine block, the exhaust pressure line comprising:

an upstream pressure line coupled to the upstream pressure port of the Diesel Particulate Filter, extending through the upstream
cavity, and coupled to the exhaust pressure sensor to connect the upstream pressure port to the exhaust pressure sensor;

a downstream pressure line coupled to the downstream pressure port of the Diesel Particulate Filter, extending through the
downstream cavity, and coupled to the exhaust pressure sensor, to connect the downstream pressure port to the exhaust pressure
sensor.

US Pat. No. 9,246,369

ELECTRIC MOTOR

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. An electro-mechanical drive-unit connectable with at least one power source for launching and propelling a vehicle, comprising:
an input member and an output member;
a drive-unit housing;
a gearing arrangement operatively connected to each of the output and input members;
a pump configured to circulate fluid inside the drive-unit housing; and
an electric motor including:
a rotor operatively connected to the gearing arrangement;
a stator surrounding the rotor, having a top half, a bottom half, and wire windings, and fixed with respect to the drive-unit
housing, wherein the stator is cooled by gravity feed via the fluid flowing onto and past the top half; and

a fluid dam fixed relative to the drive-unit housing and configured to guide the fluid around the stator and shield the rotor
from the fluid flowing past the top half of the stator, such that the fluid is assured of not dripping onto the rotor, thereby
limiting an amount of the fluid between the rotor and the stator such that spin losses in the electric motor are controlled.

US Pat. No. 9,224,547

VEHICLE DOOR WINDOW SWITCH

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A vehicle door switch comprising
a top housing;
a bottom housing having at least one first opening opposite the top housing, the top housing and bottom housing defining an
interior space;

a printed circuit board disposed within the interior space; and
a shield member having a planer portion with a top surface and a bottom surface, the bottom surface being adjacent the printed
circuit board, the shield member further having a side wall extending about the perimeter of the planer portion, the printed
circuit board being disposed within the area defined by the side wall, the side wall having plurality of ribs that extend
about the perimeter of the side wall.

US Pat. No. 9,193,397

LATERAL EXPANDING CARGO BED

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A product comprising:
an expanding cargo bed for a vehicle comprising a base surface above which at least a first and second portion of a divided
bed platform sit; and

one or more bed platform movement devices which are suited to assist or perform the mechanical movement of at least one of
the divided bed platform portions;

wherein the expandable cargo bed is constructed and arranged to expand outboard of the vehicle and to retract inboard of the
vehicle via movement of at least one of the portions of the divided bed platform; and,

wherein cargo may sit upon at least one of the portions of the divided bed platform, and be moved with and upon at least one
of the portions of the divided bed platform throughout the entirety of cargo bed expansion and retraction.

US Pat. No. 9,394,008

ROTATED SECTION STABILIZER

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A product comprising:
a section stabilizer;
wherein the section stabilizer includes a base structure;
wherein the base structure is attached to a vertical support;
wherein the vertical support is attached to a lateral support pin, wherein the lateral support pin is constructed and arranged
to provide lateral support to a hollow section, and wherein the base structure includes a planar upper portion and a planar
lower portion;

wherein the planar upper portion is constructed and arranged to be inserted into a hole in the hollow section of a vehicle
structure; and

wherein the lower portion extends a distance greater than a diameter of the hole in the vehicle structure.

US Pat. No. 9,234,447

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING SELECTIVE CATALYTIC REDUCTION DOSING SYSTEM PERFORMANCE USING AN AMMONIA SENSOR

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A control system for a selective catalytic reduction (SCR) system, comprising:
a dosing control module that controls a dosing system to inject a desired amount of ammonia into exhaust gas at a first location
in an exhaust stream;

a comparison module that compares a measured amount of ammonia in the exhaust gas to the desired amount of ammonia, wherein
the measured amount of ammonia is measured at a second location downstream from the first location and upstream from or within
an SCR catalyst; and

a status determination module that determines a pass/fail status of a component of the dosing system based on the comparison
between the measured amount of ammonia and the desired amount of ammonia,

wherein the dosing system includes a plurality of components, the plurality of components including a dosing agent injector,
a dosing agent line, a dosing agent supply pump, a dosing agent supply, the SCR catalyst, and nitrogen oxide (NOx) sensors,
and

wherein the status determination module is configured to generate a first fail status when the measured amount of ammonia
is less than the desired amount of ammonia, and generate a second fail status when the measured amount of ammonia is greater
than the desired amount of ammonia.

US Pat. No. 9,091,194

TEMPERATURE GRADIENT CORRECTION OF AMMONIA STORAGE MODEL

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. An exhaust gas treatment system for use with an internal combustion engine to treat exhaust gas containing NOx emissions,
the exhaust gas treatment system comprising:
a selective catalytic reductant (SCR) device that stores a reductant that reacts with the NOx emissions;
a reductant supply system configured to inject the reductant according to a reductant load model; and
an electronic control module including a non-transitory memory having computer readable instructions stored thereon, and a
computer processor configured to execute the computer readable instructions that perform operations of:

generating at least one temperature signal indicating an SCR temperature of the SCR device;
determining an actual amount of reductant that slips from the SCR device based on the at least one temperature signal and
a rate of change of the SCR temperature;

determining a correction factor based on the actual amount of slipped reductant to modify the reductant load model, the correction
factor based on a difference between the actual amount of slipped reductant and an amount of reductant stored on the SCR device,
the amount of reductant stored on the SCR device is based on the reductant load model stored in the non-transitory memory,
an age of the SCR device, and the correction factor;

calculating the age of SCR device based on a temperature realized by the SCR device over a time period to determine an age
factor;

updating the load model based on the age factor to the determine the amount of reductant stored on the SCR device;
determining a desired load of the SCR device based on at least one driving condition; and
adjusting the reductant injected by the reductant supply system based on the updated load model and the correction factor
to achieve the desired load.

US Pat. No. 9,073,410

MOTOR VEHICLE BODY

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A motor vehicle body that above a belt line comprises:
a windshield segment;
a rear segment; and
a roof segment that is connected with the rear segment and displaceable in a displacement direction,
wherein the roof segment in a first configuration bridges an intermediate space between the windshield segment and rear segment,
wherein the roof segment in a second configuration overlaps the rear segment, and
wherein the roof segment is configured to swivel out of the first configuration around a roof segment axis into an intermediate
position, in which a rear edge of the roof segment extends under a front edge of the rear segment without any overlap in the
displacement direction, and wherein the roof segment axis is located in front of the rear edge and behind a front edge of
the roof segment.

US Pat. No. 9,308,645

METHOD OF INFERRING INTENTIONS OF AN OPERATOR TO MOVE A ROBOTIC SYSTEM

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method of inferring intentions of an operator to move a robotic system, the method comprising:
monitoring the intentions of the operator, with a controller, with respect to the robotic system, wherein the controller has
an algorithm configured for inferring the intentions of the operator and processing the inferred intentions;

inferring the intentions of the operator to be at least one of a desired acceleration, a desired deceleration and a desired
velocity;

modifying values of a virtual mass and a virtual damping of the robotic system, within the controller, as a function of at
least one of the inferred acceleration, deceleration, and velocity such that the values of the virtual mass and the virtual
damping decrease when the intention of acceleration is inferred and the values of the virtual mass and the virtual damping
are increased when the intention of deceleration is inferred; and

determining a desired speed of the robotic system, as a function of the modified values of the virtual mass and virtual damping.

US Pat. No. 9,283,876

HEAD RESTRAINT WITH STORAGE

GM Global Technology Oper...

4. A head restraint for attachment to a seatback comprising:
a support member extending between the head restraint and the seatback, and configured for attaching the head restraint to
the seatback, wherein the support member separates the head restraint into a forward portion and a rearward portion, and forms
a downward U-shape opening toward the seatback;

a receptacle cavity defined in the rearward portion of the head restraint and configured to receive one or more items, wherein
the receptacle cavity is substantially within the downward U-shape of the support member; and

a first bin disposed within and pivotably attached to the receptacle cavity.

US Pat. No. 9,527,495

VEHICLE SYSTEMS AND METHODS WITH IMPROVED HEATING PERFORMANCE

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A system for a vehicle, comprising:
a battery system;
an electric motor coupled to the battery system and configured to selectively provide power to the vehicle with energy from
the battery system;

an internal combustion engine configured to selectively provide power to the vehicle;
a heating system configured to transfer heat from the internal combustion engine to a passenger compartment of the vehicle;
an ambient temperature sensor configured to determine an ambient temperature; and
a controller configured to receive the ambient temperature from the ambient temperature sensor and to operate the electric
motor and the internal combustion engine according to one of a plurality of drive cycle profiles, the controller configured
to select the drive cycle profile from the plurality of drive cycle profiles based on the ambient temperature, the plurality
of drive cycle profiles including:

a first drive cycle profile that commands power from the electric motor until the battery system reaches a predetermined state
of charge and subsequently commands power from the internal combustion engine, and

a second drive cycle profile that commands power from the internal combustion engine and subsequently commands power from
the electric motor,

wherein the controller is configured to select the first drive cycle profile when the ambient temperature is greater than
the predetermined temperature and to select the second drive cycle profile when the ambient temperature is less than or equal
to the predetermined temperature.

US Pat. No. 9,349,290

SELF-REPORTED TRACKING METHODS INCLUDING A TRIP PLAN WITH AN EXPECTED DURATION OR EXPECTED RETURN

General Motors LLC, Detr...

1. A self-reported tracking method, comprising:
receiving, at an in-vehicle application resident on a memory of an in-vehicle infotainment unit of a vehicle or an application
resident on a memory of a mobile device, a trip plan, the trip plan including an expected trip duration, an expected trip
return, or combinations thereof;

any of monitoring, facilitated by an in-vehicle bus connected to the infotainment unit, the vehicle for a return event, or
monitoring, facilitated by a monitoring system of the mobile device, the mobile device for a return event; and

any of:
i) receiving a notification at the in-vehicle application that the return event has been recognized; and
identifying that the return event has occurred prior to or at expiration of the expected trip duration, the expected trip
return, or the combinations thereof; or

ii) recognizing, by the in-vehicle application, that the expected trip duration, the expected trip return, or the combinations
thereof has expired, and that no notification of the return event has been received; and

transmitting, from a communications module of the infotainment unit, a pending alert notification to a party outside of the
vehicle; or

iii) receiving a notification at the application that the return event has been recognized; and
identifying that the return event has occurred prior to or at expiration of the expected trip duration, the expected trip
return, or the combinations thereof; or

iv) recognizing, by the application, that the expected trip duration, the expected trip return, or the combinations thereof
has expired, and that no notification of the return event has been received; and

transmitting, from the mobile device, a pending alert notification to a party outside of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,272,705

METHOD OF OPERATING A HYBRID POWERTRAIN WITH MANUAL TRANSMISSION AND OFF-LATCHING CLUTCH

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method of operating a powertrain of a vehicle, the method comprising:
detecting if a gearbox is operating in an electric only drive position or in a hybrid drive position; and
inhibiting engagement of a clutch interconnecting an internal combustion engine and an electric motor to prevent torque transmission
between the internal combustion engine and the electric motor when the gearbox is operating in the electric only drive position;

wherein inhibiting engagement of the clutch includes moving a latch into a closed position to prevent the clutch from moving
into an engaged position interconnecting the internal combustion engine and the electric motor.

US Pat. No. 9,188,301

VEHICLE HEADLAMP

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A headlamp assembly for a vehicle comprising:
a light source for emitting a light beam;
an optical system having an optical lens assembly arranged after the light source in a path of the light beam for producing
a directed main beam along the path and a component of diffused light;

a cover screen disposed parallel to the directed main beam and having an aperture formed therethrough;
a heat transfer element having a plate disposed behind the cover scree relative to the optical system; and
a lens cover forming a front cover for the optical system;
wherein the component of diffused light substantially radiates through the aperture in the cover screen onto the plate for
heat transfer to the lens cover.

US Pat. No. 9,083,089

ELECTRICAL GROUNDING AND STRUCTURAL DEVICE FOR DISSIMILAR METAL COMPONENTS

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. An electrical grounding device for dissimilar metals, the device comprising:
a body comprising adjacent first and second plate portions, the body including a first surface formed from a first metal and
an opposite second surface formed from a second metal, wherein the first plate portion is folded onto the second plate portion
such that a portion of the first surface of the first plate portion contacts a portion of the first surface of the second
plate portion, and wherein the first surface of the first plate portion is configured to couple to a first component formed
from the first metal and the second surface of the second plate portion is configured to couple to a second component formed
from the second metal, the body electrically coupling the first component and the second component to facilitate electrically
connecting the first and second components.

US Pat. No. 9,081,039

VEHICLE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM FAULT DETECTION

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method for detecting electrical faults, comprising:
activating a load;
sensing electrical current flowing from a battery to the load at sensitivity sufficient to detect a current transient;
comparing the sensed current transient to a predetermined current transient for the load; and
signaling a fault when the sensed current transient and the predetermined current transient vary by a predetermined amount.

US Pat. No. 9,065,086

THERMOPLASTIC BIPOLAR PLATE

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method of manufacturing a thermoplastic bipolar plate for a proton exchange membrane fuel cell, the method comprising:
forming a resin mixture comprising a thermoplastic polymer, an electrically conductive filler material, and a solvent;
rod coating the resin mixture onto a substrate to form a substantially flat film sheet having a first major surface and a
second major surface opposite the first major surface;

abrading a portion of at least one of the first major surface and the second major surface;
after abrading, thermoforming the substantially flat film sheet with heat to form a thermoformed sheet;
cutting the thermoformed sheet to form a first separator plate having a first size and a first shape and a second separator
plate having a second size and a second shape; and

joining the first separator plate and the second separator plate to thereby manufacture the thermoplastic bipolar plate so
that the thermoplastic bipolar plate has an integral body.

US Pat. No. 9,046,019

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PARTICULATE FILTER REGENERATION

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method of regenerating a particulate filter comprising:
flowing an exhaust gas from an internal combustion engine into a particulate filter;
determining a particulate level in the particulate filter;
performing a primary regeneration when the particulate level is below a first value, the primary regeneration comprising flowing
exhaust gas with a selected amount of hydrocarbons in the exhaust gas into the particulate filter;

increasing, when the particulate level is above the first value, an amount of nitrogen oxide in the exhaust gas from the engine
by at least one of reducing EGR flow to the engine and adjusting an engine air to fuel ratio to produce increased nitrogen
oxide; and

performing a secondary regeneration when the particulate level is above the first value, the secondary regeneration comprising
flowing exhaust gas from the engine with an increased amount of nitrogen oxide into the particulate filter,

wherein the primary regeneration is performed when the particulate level is between 40 g and 70 g, and the secondary regeneration
is performed when the particulate level is between 70 g and 75 g.

US Pat. No. 9,279,467

BRAKE ROTORS HAVING A CUSTOM DESIGNER FEATURE AND METHODS FOR FORMING THE SAME

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method, for forming a brake rotor including a desired custom marking having a predetermined size and a predetermined
shape, comprising:
applying a chemical treatment to a marking portion of a surface of the brake rotor, wherein:
the marking portion to which the chemical treatment is applied has a size and a shape corresponding to the predetermined size
and the predetermined shape of the desired custom marking; and

the chemical treatment is configured to affect, in a predetermined manner, an ability of a stimulus, to which the brake rotor
is to be exposed, to alter properties of the brake rotor; and

exposing the brake rotor, having the chemical treatment applied thereto, to the stimulus configured to alter properties of
the brake rotor, wherein:

the stimulus alters properties of the brake rotor at the marking portion differently than the stimulus alters properties of
the brake rotor at other portions of the brake rotor adjacent the marking portion, thereby forming physical differences in
the brake rotor; and

the physical differences in the brake rotor, being visually perceptible, form the custom marking.

US Pat. No. 9,260,894

PROP ROD END PIECE

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A prop mechanism for a vehicle having a hood panel, comprising:
a prop rod having a first end and a second end opposite the first end;
a pivot configured to rotatably attach the first end of the prop rod to the vehicle, wherein the pivot allows the prop rod
to move between a stowed position and an engaged position;

a seat on the hood panel; and
an end piece attached to the second end of the prop rod, including:
a body having a first end and a second end opposite the first end, wherein the first end of the body mates with the second
end of the prop rod;

a flange on the second end of the body, wherein the flange is configured to abut the seat; and
a top key formed on the flange extending away from the body, wherein the top key is configured to mate with the seat when
the prop rod is moved into the engaged position.

US Pat. No. 9,204,724

SEAT ASSEMBLY

GM Global Technology Oper...

11. A combination comprising:
a seat assembly comprising a headrest assembly and a seat bottom assembly including a first attachment feature for attaching
the headrest assembly to the seat bottom assembly;

wherein the first attachment feature includes a first post receiving pocket and a second post receiving pocket each formed
in the seat bottom assembly;

the headrest assembly including a second attachment feature mateable with the first attachment feature, wherein the second
attachment feature comprises a first post and a second post extending from the headrest assembly;

a seat back assembly comprising a seat back cushion support having a front face and a seat back cushion attached to the front
face of the seat back cushion support, and wherein the seat back cushion support includes a top edge, and a third attachment
feature mateable with the second attachment feature, and wherein the third attachment feature comprises at least a third post
receiving pocket and a fourth post receiving pocket each formed in the top edge of the seat back cushion support;

the headrest assembly attached to the seat bottom assembly by the first attachment feature and the second attachment feature,
and an infant car seat having a bottom portion and back portion wherein the bottom portion of the infant car seat rests on
and is supported by the top face of the seat bottom cushion and the headrest assembly.

US Pat. No. 9,174,254

ADJUSTABLE PROFILE PLATE ASSEMBLY FOR USE WITH AN AIR MAKE-UP SYSTEM

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. An adjustable profile plate assembly for use with an air make-up system, comprising:
a profile plate with a track that extends in a lengthwise direction of the profile plate;
a linkage mechanism attached to the profile plate and the air make-up system, the linkage mechanism is a scissor-type mechanism
that includes a wheel slidably received in the track of the profile plate and that adjusts the position of the profile plate
by moving it in a widthwise direction towards and away from a heating element of the air make-up system; and

an actuator attached to the linkage mechanism and the air make-up system, wherein electronic activation of the actuator drives
the actuator and causes the linkage mechanism to adjust the position of the profile plate.

US Pat. No. 9,445,442

QUALITY OF SERVICE USING A VEHICLE HEAD UNIT

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method of providing short-range wireless communication (SRWC) in a vehicle, comprising the steps of:
(a) establishing a first wireless connection over a first short range wireless communication (SRWC) channel between a vehicle
multi-tainment unit (VMU) and a first mobile device, wherein, with respect to the first wireless connection, the VMU operates
as a server to provide content data to the first mobile device which operates as a client;

(b) establishing a second wireless connection over a second SRWC channel between the VMU and a second mobile device, wherein,
with respect to the second wireless connection, the second mobile device is configured to operate as a server to provide content
data to the VMU which operates as a client, wherein, when the second mobile device operates as the server, it selects which
SRWC channel to use; and

(c) following steps (a) and (b),
determining at the VMU that the first wireless connection is using a different SRWC channel than the second wireless connection;
and

in response to that determination, sending a message from the VMU to the second mobile device via the second SRWC channel,
wherein the message includes a request from the VMU that the second mobile device select the first SRWC channel.

US Pat. No. 9,952,049

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT OF A VEHICLE ONBOARD NAVIGATION SYSTEM USING ADAPTIVE STOCHASTIC FILTERING

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method for monitoring performance of a navigation system onboard a vehicle, the method comprising:obtaining, by a vehicle electronic control unit (ECU), a triangulated vehicle location and vehicle motion data, wherein the triangulated vehicle location is obtained from the navigation system, wherein the vehicle motion data is obtained from a vehicle inertial measurement unit (IMU);
computing an estimated vehicle location, by the vehicle ECU, using the triangulated vehicle location and the vehicle motion data, by:
performing a Gaussian distribution function, based on the triangulated vehicle location and the vehicle motion data;
calculating a mean value and a standard deviation value of the Gaussian distribution function, wherein the mean value comprises the estimated vehicle location and a center point of an estimated position circle, and wherein the estimated vehicle location comprises the mean value and the estimated position circle;
calculating, by the vehicle ECU, a probability that the estimated vehicle location exists within an error bound of the triangulated vehicle location, by:
identifying an overlap region comprising an intersection of a first area delineated by the error bound and a second area delineated by the estimated position circle, wherein the error bound comprises a maximum allowable error for the navigation system;
integrating a normal distribution function over the first area delineated by the error bound; and
obtaining a statistical performance index for a specified time frame by filtering the probability with an exponential moving average filter, based on integrating the normal distribution function, wherein the probability comprises the statistical performance index;
comparing the statistical performance index to a predefined threshold, wherein the predefined threshold indicates an allowable minimum probability that the estimated vehicle position exists within the overlap region of the first area and the second area; and
when the probability is less than the predefined threshold, indicating that the estimated vehicle location does not exist within the error bound,
determining, by the vehicle ECU, that the navigation system is operating outside of normal operating limits; and
deactivating an autonomous driving application, by the vehicle ECU.

US Pat. No. 9,409,505

VEHICLE SEAT FOR ACCOMMODATING AN OCCUPANT-WORN OBJECT

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A vehicle seat for a motor vehicle having a seat part with an elastic seat padding, a backrest part with an elastic backrest
padding, a seat cover for the seat part and a seat cover for the backrest part, wherein the vehicle seat comprises:
at least one primary padding part and at least one secondary padding part secured to the primary padding part, wherein the
at least one secondary padding part is softer than the primary padding part;

at least one fastener securing the secondary padding part on a first side of the primary padding part, the at least one fastener
including:

a first fastening element having a void formed in a second side of the primary padding part and a bore defined by a boundary,
the bore extending through the primary padding part from the first side and to the void; and

a second fastening element located on the at least one secondary padding part, the second fastening element including a neck
extending from the secondary padding part and configured to be inserted into the bore and a thickening on a distal end of
the neck positioned in the void;

wherein a diameter of the thickening is greater than a diameter of the bore such that the second fastening element is fastened
on the boundary of the bore with the thickening; and

a recess formed in at least one of the primary padding part and the at least one secondary padding part configured to accommodate
an object on an occupant seated in the vehicle seat.

US Pat. No. 9,133,787

METHOD FOR ESTIMATING AN INSTANTANEOUS PRESSURE VALUE IN A FUEL LINE OF A FUEL INJECTION SYSTEM

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method for estimating an instantaneous pressure value Pinst in a fuel line of a fuel injection system during a fuel multi-injection pattern, comprising:
determining a mean pressure value P inside the fuel line of the fuel injection system; and
correcting the mean pressure value P with pressure contributions generated by the previous injections of the fuel multi-injection
pattern to obtain an instantaneous pressure value Pinst; and

controlling the fuel injection system based on the instantaneous pressure value Pinst.

US Pat. No. 9,435,281

METHOD FOR REDUCING PERFORMANCE VARIATION OF AN ELECTROMAGNETICALLY-ACTIVATED ACTUATOR

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method for reducing performance variation of an electromagnetically-activated actuator including an electrical coil and
an armature, comprising:
providing actuator activation signals to the electromagnetically-activated actuator comprising current driven through the
electrical coil in a first direction;

detecting unacceptable response variations in the armature to equivalent actuator activation signals; and
subsequent to detection of unacceptable response variations in the armature, driving current through the electrical coil in
a direction opposite that of the first direction following actuator activation signals.

US Pat. No. 9,386,302

AUTOMATIC CALIBRATION OF EXTRINSIC AND INTRINSIC CAMERA PARAMETERS FOR SURROUND-VIEW CAMERA SYSTEM

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method of calibrating multiple vehicle-based image capture devices of a vehicle, the method comprising the steps of:
capturing an image by at least one image capture device;
identifying, by a processor, a reference object in the captured image, the reference object having known world coordinates,
the identification of the reference object is used to correlate coordinates of the image capture device to world coordinates;

determining a location and orientation of the vehicle, by the processor, the location and orientation of the vehicle used
to correlate coordinates of the vehicle to world coordinates, wherein determining the location and orientation of the vehicle
includes:

capturing a top-down view image of the vehicle on an assembly line by an overhead non-vehicle-based image capture device;
applying feature extraction on the vehicle for detecting a vehicle boundary;
comparing an orientation of the assembly line with the vehicle boundary; and
identifying the relative location and orientation of the vehicle relative to the assembly line;
correlating, by the processor, the vehicle coordinates to the image capture device coordinates as a function of the relationship
between the world coordinates and the vehicle coordinates and the relationship between the world coordinates and the image
capture device coordinates;

calibrating the at least one image capture device utilizing intrinsic parameters and extrinsic parameters of the at least
one image capture device as a function of the relationship of the vehicle coordinates to the image capture device coordinates.

US Pat. No. 9,286,030

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR PROCESSING MULTIPLE AUDIO STREAMS AT A VEHICLE ONBOARD COMPUTER SYSTEM

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

10. An audio processing system for processing a plurality of audio streams simultaneously received at a vehicle onboard computer
system, the audio processing system comprising:
an audio detection module, configured to receive and differentiate between a plurality of audio streams in a vehicle, each
of the plurality of audio streams comprising a task to be performed by the vehicle onboard computer system;

a speech recognition module, configured to recognize speech included in each of the plurality of audio streams, and to identify
the task associated with each of the plurality of audio streams based on the recognized speech, wherein the task associated
with each of the plurality of audio streams corresponds to a function of the vehicle onboard computer system;

a prioritization module, configured to determine a processing sequence for a plurality of tasks associated with received audio
streams; and

a processing module, configured to process and perform the plurality of tasks according to the processing sequence.

US Pat. No. 9,200,661

FLOW DRILL SCREW

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A flow drill screw for retaining a structure,
comprising:
a shank extending along a longitudinal axis, wherein the shank includes a first shank end and a second shank end opposite
the first shank end;

a pointed tip coupled to the first shank end, the pointed tip including at least one facet;
a stud extending from the shank along the longitudinal axis and away from the first shank end, the stud including a first
stud end and a second stud end opposite the first stud end, the stud including a plurality of ribs between the first and second
stud ends;

an annular flange coupled to the second shank end and the first stud end; and
a head coupled to the second stud end.

US Pat. No. 9,096,134

ENHANCED HV PRE-CHARGE HEATER DIAGNOSTIC DETECTION SYSTEM FOR LIQUID COOLED HV BATTERY PACKS

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method for determining whether a resistive element can be used as a pre-charge resistor in a vehicle battery circuit,
but cannot be used for heating a cooling fluid that cools a battery associated with the battery circuit, said method comprising:
turning on the resistive element for a predetermined period of time;
providing temperature measurement signals at sample intervals from a temperature sensor that measures the temperature of the
cooling fluid proximate to the resistive element during the predetermined period of time;

determining a first temperature value based on the temperature measurement signals;
comparing the first temperature value to a first threshold value;
indicating that the resistive element has failed or no cooling fluid is present if the first temperature value is not greater
than the first threshold value;

disabling the resistor so that it may not be used for heating the cooling fluid if the resistive element has failed or no
cooling fluid is present;

turning on a cooling fluid pump that pumps the cooling fluid through a line and around the resistive element;
again providing temperature measurements signals at sample intervals from the temperature sensor during the predetermined
period of time;

determining a second temperature value based on the temperature measurement signals;
comparing the second temperature value to a second threshold value; and
determining that the pump is not operating properly if the second temperature value is greater than the second threshold value.

US Pat. No. 9,479,220

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR DETECTION AND ANALYSIS OF ABNORMALITIES IN A POWER LINE COMMUNICATION NETWORK OF A VEHICLE

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A system, comprising:
a plurality of vehicle modules each comprising a power line communication module; and
a power line communication network of a vehicle comprising: power lines configured to carry electric power to the vehicle
modules, wherein the power line communication modules enable the power lines to communicate communication information to and
from the vehicle modules, wherein the power line communication modules comprise:

a first power line communication module that is configured to communicate pilot signals over the power line communication
network, and

a second power line communication module, comprising:
a reflectometer module that is configured to perform reflectometry processing on the pilot signals to detect abnormalities
in the power line communication network.

US Pat. No. 9,458,780

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CONTROLLING CYLINDER DEACTIVATION PERIODS AND PATTERNS

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A cylinder control system comprising:
a cylinder control module that:
based on a desired average number of activated cylinders per sub-period of a predetermined period in the future including
P sub-periods, selects one of N predetermined cylinder activation/deactivation patterns, the N predetermined cylinder activation/deactivation
sequences each including M indicators for the next M cylinders, respectively, in a predetermined firing order of cylinders
of an engine, and the M indicators each indicating whether to activate or deactivate the respective one of the M cylinders
in the predetermined firing order,

wherein M is an integer greater than a total number of cylinders of the engine, and
wherein the one of the N predetermined cylinder activation/deactivation patterns corresponds to Q activated cylinders per
sub-period, Q is an integer between zero and the total number of cylinders of the engine, inclusive, P is an integer greater
than one, and the desired average number of active cylinders is a non-integer between zero and the total number of cylinders
of the engine;

determines an adjusted cylinder activation/deactivation pattern based on the one of the N predetermined cylinder activation/deactivation
patterns;

generates a desired cylinder activation/deactivation pattern for the predetermined period in the future using: (i) the one
of the N predetermined cylinder activation/deactivation patterns during a first number of the P sub-periods and (ii) the adjusted
cylinder activation/deactivation pattern during a second number of the P sub-periods;

during the predetermined period, activates opening of intake and exhaust valves of first ones of the cylinders that are to
be activated based on the desired cylinder activation/deactivation pattern; and

during the predetermined period, deactivates opening of intake and exhaust valves of second ones of the cylinders that are
to be deactivated based on the desired cylinder activation/deactivation pattern; and

a fuel control module that provides fuel to the first ones of the cylinders during the predetermined period and that disables
fueling to the second ones of the cylinders during the predetermined period.

US Pat. No. 9,434,337

VEHICLE DOOR ENGAGEMENT DETECTION

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method for facilitating exit of a passenger inside a vehicle, comprising:
determining whether a child lock of a vehicle is activated;
determining whether a condition for the vehicle is satisfied, the condition selected from the group consisting of: an alarm
of the vehicle has been set, the vehicle has been stopped, and all doors of the vehicle have been locked; and

automatically deactivating the child lock a predetermined amount of time after the condition has been satisfied, to facilitate
exit of the passenger inside the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,293,965

APPARATUS, SYSTEM, AND METHOD FOR COOLING AN ELECTRIC MOTOR

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. An apparatus for providing a coolant to a stator and a rotor of an electric motor in a vehicle having a coolant pump, the
apparatus comprising:
a base defining a plurality of first openings through at least one of which the coolant is flowable to the stator;
at least one wall extending from the base, the base and the at least one wall defining a cavity configured to receive the
coolant from the coolant pump; and

at least one first raised member within the cavity, the at least one first raised member extending from the base and defining
at least one second opening substantially aligned with one of the first openings to form at least one first passageway through
which the coolant is flowable to the rotor.

US Pat. No. 9,239,017

STOP-START CONTROL SYSTEMS FOR ENGINES WITH FULLY FLEXIBLE VALVE ACTUATION SYSTEM

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A vehicle system comprising:
a stop-start command module configured to detect an autostop request and generate a mode signal based on the autostop request;
a cylinder control module configured to sequentially disable cylinders of an engine during an autostop mode based on the mode
signal, wherein the cylinders of the engine include respective intake valves and exhaust valves, and

wherein the cylinder control module is configured to maintain the intake valves in a closed state and the exhaust valves in
an open state during the autostop mode and during a plurality of cycles of a crankshaft of the engine;

a timer module configured to (i) measure an amount of time that a speed of the engine is equal to 0 during the autostop mode,
and (ii) based on the measured amount of time, determine whether the speed of the engine is equal to 0 for a predetermined
period during the autostop mode,

wherein the timer module is configured to store a first position of the crankshaft in response to the speed of the engine
being equal to 0 for at least the predetermined period; and

a crankshaft module configured to determine a second position based on the first position during an autostart mode.

US Pat. No. 9,123,963

DIRECT COATED MEMBRANE ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY ON EXTERNAL REINFORCEMENT FOR FUEL CELLS

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method of fabricating a reinforced catalyst composite structure comprising:
providing a freestanding external reinforcement layer;
depositing a catalyst solution onto at least a portion of the freestanding external reinforcement layer to form a catalyst
layer; and

depositing a membrane solution onto at least a portion of the catalyst layer to form a reinforced catalyst composite structure.

US Pat. No. 9,457,742

WIRELESS COMMUNICATION EXTENSION FOR CAN BASED ELECTRICAL ARCHITECTURES

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. An electrical architecture (EA) comprising:
a plurality of electronic control units (ECUs) interconnected by a wired CAN bus, wherein some of the ECU's are wireless ECUs
(WECUs); and

a plurality of wired and wireless peripherals connected to the CAN bus using either wireless or wired communications or both,
wherein communications including wireless communications between the ECUs and the peripherals is bidirectional, and wherein
CAN inter-WECU messages are wirelessly offloaded to reduce CAN bus load and increase robustness and resilience to CAN bus
faults.

US Pat. No. 9,356,304

ANODE RECIRCULATION PUMP CONTROL STRATEGY

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A fuel cell system comprising:
a fuel cell stack;
a compressor for providing cathode inlet air to a cathode side of the fuel cell stack;
an anode recirculation line for providing an anode exhaust gas from an anode output of the fuel cell stack to an anode input
for an anode side of the fuel cell stack;

an anode exhaust gas recirculation pump for pumping the anode exhaust gas from the anode output to the anode input;
a source providing fresh hydrogen to the anode recirculation line to be mixed with the anode exhaust gas; and
a controller that is programmed to control the compressor and the anode recirculation pump, said controller being responsive
to a demand for increased output power from the fuel cell stack, said controller limiting a current output ramp up of the
fuel cell stack based on how fast the anode recirculation pump can provide the recirculated anode exhaust gas to the anode
input for the increased power demand so as to maintain a ratio of fresh hydrogen to recirculated anode exhaust gas substantially
constant during a power up-transient.

US Pat. No. 9,356,306

PLATED PHOTOPOLYMER BASED FUEL CELL

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method for fabricating a fuel cell component, the method comprising the steps of:
providing an electrically conductive substrate having a first surface and a second surface, the first surface and the second
surface disposed on opposite sides of the electrically conductive substrate;

disposing a plurality of layers of radiation-sensitive material on the first surface and the second surface of the electrically
conductive substrate;

forming a first fluid distribution layer having a plurality of first channels and a plurality of second channels on the first
surface of the electrically conductive substrate;

forming a second fluid distribution layer on the second surface of the electrically conductive substrate;
forming a cap layer on the first fluid distribution layer, the first channels of the first fluid distribution layer covered
by the cap layer and the second channels of the first fluid distribution layer not covered by the cap layer;

forming a third fluid distribution layer on the cap layer, the cap layer separating the first channels of the first fluid
distribution layer from the third fluid distribution layer, the second channels of the first fluid distribution layer in fluid
communication with the third fluid distribution layer; and

forming a pair of diffusion medium layers including a first diffusion medium layer and a second diffusion medium layer, the
first diffusion medium layer formed on the third fluid distribution layer, and the second diffusion medium layer formed on
the second fluid distribution layer,

wherein the first fluid distribution layer, the second fluid distribution layer, the cap layer, the third fluid distribution
layer, and the pair of diffusion medium layers are formed by selectively exposing the plurality of layers of radiation-sensitive
material to a plurality of radiation beams from at least one radiation source.

US Pat. No. 9,188,130

LOCKING DEVICE FOR COOLING FAN ASSEMBLY

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A cooling fan assembly comprising:
a central hub;
a plurality of blades operatively connected to and configured to selectively rotate around the central hub;
a blade ring fixedly connected to the plurality of blades, the blade ring defining at least one blade ring slot;
a locking device configured to selectively prevent the plurality of blades from rotating, the locking device including a movable
member and an actuation device for moving the movable member; and

wherein the movable member is slidable relative to the blade ring between two positions, an unlocked position that substantially
permits the plurality of blades to rotate and a locked position that substantially prevents the plurality of blades from rotating.

US Pat. No. 9,316,212

SUPERELASTIC SHAPE MEMORY ALLOY OVERLOADING AND OVERHEATING PROTECTION MECHANISM

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. An overload and overheating protection device, comprising:
an austenitic shape memory alloy protection element operable to undergo a solid state transformation from an austenitic phase
having a first modulus to a de-twinned martensitic phase having a second modulus smaller than the first modulus when a transforming
force is applied to the austenitic shape memory alloy protection element;

wherein:
the austenitic shape memory alloy protection element:
is adapted for use with a shape memory alloy actuator and for protecting the shape memory alloy actuator from an overload
condition of the shape memory alloy actuator;

has an austenitic finish temperature less than a lowest operating temperature of the shape memory alloy actuator; and
is communicatively coupled to an electrical circuit;
the shape memory alloy actuator:
is distinct from the austenitic shape memory alloy protection element;
is drivenly coupled to a load;
defines a stroke;
produces an actuating force when activated;
is an element of the electrical circuit; and
is activated by closing the electrical circuit;
the transforming force is caused by the overload condition of the shape memory alloy actuator;
the solid state transformation enables the actuating force to cause tensile strain in the austenitic shape memory alloy protection
element, so as to produce a secondary work output path for the shape memory alloy actuator; and

the solid state transformation further enables the shape memory alloy actuator to open the circuit, so as to deactivate the
shape memory alloy actuator.

US Pat. No. 9,243,655

ELASTIC ATTACHMENT ASSEMBLY AND METHOD OF REDUCING POSITIONAL VARIATION AND INCREASING STIFFNESS

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. An elastic attachment assembly comprising:
a first component having a base outer surface and at least one side outer surface extending from the base outer surface, the
first component comprising:

a plurality of elastically deformable protrusions extending from the base outer surface of the first component, each of the
elastically deformable protrusions comprising a tubular member having an engagement wall having a first perimeter; and

at least one engagement portion extending from the side outer surface of the first component; and
a second component having a pocket portion configured to receive the first component therein, the pocket portion defined by
a base wall and at least one sidewall extending from the base wall; the second component comprising:

a plurality of receiving structures defined in the base wall of the pocket portion and configured to receive the plurality
of elastically deformable protrusions, wherein the plurality of elastically deformable protrusions is configured to elastically
deform upon insertion into the plurality of receiving structures, each of the plurality of receiving structures comprising
an engagement surface having a second perimeter that is less than the first perimeter; and

at least one elastically deformable component extending from the sidewall and configured to be received within the at least
one engagement portion of the first component;

wherein a fully engaged position of the first component with the second component comprises contact interference between the
engagement wall of each of the plurality of elastically deformable protrusions with the engagement surface of each of the
plurality of receiving structures and between the at least one engagement portion and the at least one elastically deformable
component, wherein respective positional deviations from respective nominal alignment positions of the first component and
the second component is averaged when the engagement surface surrounding the engagement wall is in the fully engaged position.

US Pat. No. 9,204,272

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SERVING BINARY SHORT MESSAGE SERVICE CONTENT TO DIFFERENT WIRELESS NETWORKS

GENERAL MOTORS LLC, Detr...

1. A method for serving binary short message service (SMS) content to the subscribers of a telematics service provider (TSP)
on multiple mobile devices that together constitute a group of mobile devices, wherein individual members of subsets of the
group of mobile devices are provisioned with a wireless network different from the wireless network with which individual
members of other subsets of the group are provisioned, the method comprising:
receiving a binary SMS message at a receiving module of an external short message entity (ESME);
translating the binary SMS message into a protocol data unit (PDU);
routing the PDU from the ESME through a transmission control protocol/internet protocol (TCP/IP) network to an SMS gateway
producing application that has created virtual serial ports which are mapped to physical serial ports at a terminal server;

directing the PDU to a virtual serial port which is mapped to a physical serial port at the terminal server;
sending the PDU from the terminal server to a data modem that is provisioned with a wireless carrier; and
instructing the data modem to transmit the binary SMS to a mobile device provisioned with the same wireless carrier with which
the data modem is provisioned.

US Pat. No. 9,371,764

AFTER-TREATMENT COMPONENT

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. An after-treatment component for receiving an exhaust stream from an internal combustion engine, the after-treatment component
comprising:
a vessel having a first end, a second end, and an intermediate section disposed between the first end and the second end,
the vessel comprising an outer shell that defines an inlet port and an outlet port;

the inlet port being in fluid communication with an inlet diffuser disposed within the vessel;
the inlet diffuser, configured as a cone disposed about a longitudinal axis of the vessel with a base of the cone in contact
with the outer shell of the vessel and with a top of the cone in contact with an inner wall of a diesel oxidation catalyst
disposed within the vessel, being in fluid communication with the inlet port and with the diesel oxidation catalyst;

the diesel oxidation catalyst being in fluid communication with the inlet diffuser and with a transfer duct;
the transfer duct being in fluid communication with the diesel oxidation catalyst and with an intermediate diffuser disposed
within the vessel;

the intermediate diffuser being in fluid communication with the transfer duct and with a catalyzed filter disposed within
the vessel; and

the catalyzed filter being in fluid communication with the intermediate diffuser and with the outlet port.

US Pat. No. 9,286,679

MISALIGNMENT CORRECTION AND STATE OF HEALTH ESTIMATION FOR LANE MANAGEMENT FUSION FUNCTION

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method for state of health estimation and misalignment correction in a vehicle lane management system, said method comprising:
providing lane information for a vehicle from a first lane sensing system and a second lane sensing system onboard the vehicle,
where the lane information is stored as a plurality of time steps in a circular data buffer;

calibrating the lane information from the first lane sensing system based on an independent source of lane data, where the
independent source is not the second lane sensing system;

computing, using a microprocessor, a correlation coefficient between the lane information from the first lane sensing system
and the lane information from the second lane sensing system;

computing a state of health of the lane management system based on the correlation coefficient;
comparing the state of health of the lane management system to a predetermined threshold value, and issuing a warning message
if the state of health is less than the threshold value;

computing a linear regression relationship, including a scale factor and an offset value, between the lane information from
the first lane sensing system and the lane information from the second lane sensing system;

correcting the lane information from the second lane sensing system using the scale factor and the offset value; and
fusing the lane information from the first lane sensing system with the lane information from the second lane sensing system
after correcting.

US Pat. No. 9,353,694

INTAKE TEMPERATURE CONTROL SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR INTAKE MANIFOLD PROTECTION

GM Global Technology Oper...

21. An engine control system of a vehicle, comprising:
a first temperature module that determines a temperature of gas within an intake manifold of an engine;
a second temperature module that determines a temperature of an exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) conduit that is coupled to
the intake manifold;

an EGR control module that reduces opening of an EGR valve when the temperature of the gas and the temperature of the conduit
is greater than a first predetermined temperature, wherein the first predetermined temperature is based on a melting temperature
of the intake manifold; and

a coolant control module that, when the temperature of the gas and the temperature of the conduit is greater than a second
predetermined temperature, at least one of (i) turns on an electric coolant pump and (ii) increases a speed of the electric
coolant pump,

wherein the second predetermined temperature is less than the first predetermined temperature.

US Pat. No. 9,249,931

FLUID STORAGE TANK

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A fluid storage tank, comprising:
a plurality of tank sub-units disposed in an array wherein:
each tank sub-unit of the plurality of tank sub-units is a primary parallelohedron;
each tank sub-unit of the plurality of tank sub-units has substantially the same shape and exterior size;
the array of tank sub-units is tessellated into a three-dimensional volume;
each tank sub-unit of the plurality of tank sub-units has an aperture defined in at least one wall overlapping with an other
aperture defined in at least one adjacent tank sub-unit of the plurality of tank sub-units;

each tank sub-unit of the plurality of tank sub-units is in fluid communication with a single outlet port for selectively
extracting the fluid from the tank; and

each tank sub-unit of the plurality of tank sub-units is in fluid communication with a single fluid fill port.

US Pat. No. 9,371,049

FRONT LOAD DISTRIBUTION MECHANISM FOR A VEHICLE

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A vehicle comprising:
a body extending along a longitudinal axis, and including a front fascia disposed transverse to the longitudinal axis;
a forward load bearing beam disposed transverse to the longitudinal axis, and axially spaced rearward of the front fascia
along the longitudinal axis; and

a load distribution mechanism rotatably attached to the forward load bearing beam for rotation about a rotation axis, and
including a first portion for engaging an upper portion of the front fascia above the forward load bearing beam, and a second
portion for engaging a lower portion of the front fascia below the forward load bearing beam;

wherein the front fascia engages the first portion and the second portion of the load distribution mechanism, and the load
distribution mechanism rotates about the rotation axis to control displacement of the front fascia, in response to an externally
applied force in which an object contacts the front fascia;

wherein the first portion of the load distribution mechanism extends from the rotation axis vertically upward and axially
forward along the longitudinal axis to an upper contact surface; and

wherein the second portion of the load distribution mechanism extends from the rotation axis vertically downward and axially
forward along the longitudinal axis to a lower contact surface.

US Pat. No. 9,290,100

SHARED SWAPPABLE ENERGY MODULE

GM Global Technology Oper...

7. A method comprising:
providing a vehicle having a cargo bed and a plurality of electrical contacts provided in the vehicle bed constructed and
arranged to be connected to electrical contacts on a module having a battery, the vehicle including an electric motor for
propelling the vehicle;

providing at least one module, the module including a module battery and an electrical contact connected to the module battery
and constructed and arranged to engage one of the electrical contacts provided in the vehicle bed;

charging the module battery and loading the module with the charged module battery on the vehicle bed, and supplying power
to the electric motor of the vehicle from the module battery.

US Pat. No. 9,241,249

METHODS, SYSTEMS AND APPARATUS FOR PROVIDING NOTIFICATION AT AN AUTOMOTIVE HEAD UNIT THAT A WIRELESS COMMUNICATION DEVICE IS OUTSIDE A VEHICLE

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A system for providing notification that a pre-paired consumer electronics device (CED) is located outside a vehicle and
for providing a location of the CED with respect to the vehicle, the system comprising:
an onboard computer system of the vehicle, comprising:
an automotive head unit (AHU) comprising: a wireless communication interface configured to establish a wireless connection
with the pre-paired CED when in communication range of the pre-paired CED;

a processor configured to execute a device locator module, the device locator module comprising computer-executable instructions
that when executed by the processor are configured to:

determine whether the pre-paired CED is connected to the wireless communication interface; and
when it is determined that the pre-paired CED is not connected to the wireless communication interface: provide a notification
to the AHU indicating that the pre-paired CED is not connected.

US Pat. No. 10,124,724

BABY IN VEHICLE REMINDER SYSTEM

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method comprising:providing a vehicle;
providing a number of sensors;
providing a means of raising an alert;
using at least one of the number of sensors to detect the presence or absence of a first communication device in or near the vehicle;
using at least one of the number of sensors to detect the presence or absence of a second communication device in or near the vehicle; and,
raising an alert based upon the result of controller logic regarding the sensor readings and based upon the presence or absence of the first and second communication devices, relative to each other;
wherein the logic accounts for whether the vehicle engine is running or not running.