US Pat. No. 9,451,723

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR THERMOELECTRICALLY COOLING INDUCTIVE CHARGING ASSEMBLIES

Gentherm Incorporated, N...

1. A thermally conditioned inductive charging system comprising:
a dock having a partially-enclosed portion and an aperture at a first end of the dock defining a cavity, the cavity configured
to receive a portable electronic device, the cavity having at least one rib on an interior surface of the cavity to position
the electronic device away from the interior surface of the cavity;

a thermal conditioning assembly comprising a thermal conditioning module and a fluid transfer device configured to produce
a fluid flow;

a ducting member fluidly connected to the thermal conditioning assembly and the dock and configured to transfer air between
the thermal conditioning assembly and a second end of a first side of the dock opposite the first end; and

an inductive charging module configured to provide selective inductive charging to the portable electronic device received
in the dock, the inductive charging module connected to a second side of the dock opposite the first side; and

wherein the thermal conditioning assembly is configured to selectively cool the portion of the dock.

US Pat. No. 9,445,524

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR THERMOELECTRICALLY COOLING INDUCTIVE CHARGING STATIONS

Gentherm Incorporated, N...

1. A cooling system for an induction charger, the system comprising:
a thermal conditioning module in fluid communication with an induction charging assembly comprising an induction charging
module, the thermal conditioning module comprising:

a fan assembly;
a thermoelectric device; and
ducting fluidly connecting the fan assembly, the thermoelectric device, and a dock of the induction charging assembly, wherein
the dock has a partially-enclosed portion and an aperture at a first end of the dock defining a cavity, the cavity configured
to receive and to provide inductive charging functionality to a portable electronic device;

wherein the induction charging module is connected to a first side of the dock and the ducting delivers air to an opening
in a second side of the dock opposite the first side, the opening located between the first end of the dock and a second end
of the dock opposite the first end such that air flows down at least part of an interior surface of the second side of the
dock; and

wherein the fan is configured to encourage air across a portion of the thermoelectric device, thereby cooling the air, and
the cooled air is subsequently provided to the induction charging assembly, thereby offsetting at least a portion of the heat
generated by the induction charging assembly during induction charging of the portable electronic device.

US Pat. No. 9,306,143

HIGH EFFICIENCY THERMOELECTRIC GENERATION

Gentherm Incorporated, N...

1. A thermoelectric power generating system comprising:
at least one thermoelectric assembly comprising:
at least one first heat exchanger in thermal communication with at least a first portion of a first working fluid, the first
portion of the first working fluid flowing through the at least one thermoelectric assembly;

a plurality of thermoelectric elements in thermal communication with the at least one first heat exchanger; and
at least one second heat exchanger in thermal communication with the plurality of thermoelectric elements and with a second
working fluid flowing through the at least one thermoelectric assembly, the second working fluid cooler than the first working
fluid;

at least one heat exchanger portion configured to have at least some of the first portion of the first working fluid flow
through the at least one heat exchanger portion after having flowed through the at least one thermoelectric assembly, the
at least one heat exchanger portion configured to recover heat from the at least some of the first portion of the first working
fluid;

at least one bypass conduit; and
at least one valve configured to selectively allow at least the first portion of the first working fluid to flow through the
at least one first heat exchanger and to selectively allow at least a second portion of the first working fluid to flow through
the bypass conduit, wherein the at least one heat exchanger portion is configured to receive at least some of the second portion
of the first working fluid after having flowed through the at least one bypass conduit and to recover heat from the at least
some of the second portion of the first working fluid.

US Pat. No. 9,293,680

CARTRIDGE-BASED THERMOELECTRIC SYSTEMS

Gentherm Incorporated, N...

1. A thermoelectric system comprising:
at least a portion of a tube configured to allow a first fluid to flow through the at least a portion of the tube along an
axial direction of the tube;

a first thermoelectric assembly and a second thermoelectric assembly, wherein each of the first thermoelectric assembly and
the second thermoelectric assembly is in thermal communication with the tube and with a second fluid and comprises:

at least one first shunt extending around an outer perimeter of the tube generally perpendicularly to the axial direction;
at least one first thermoelectric element in thermal communication and in electrical communication with the at least one first
shunt;

at least one second thermoelectric element in thermal communication and in electrical communication with the at least one
first shunt, wherein at least a portion of the at least one first shunt is sandwiched between the at least one first thermoelectric
element and the at least one second thermoelectric element, wherein the at least one first thermoelectric element and the
at least one second thermoelectric element are electrically isolated from the tube; and

at least one heat exchanger in thermal communication with the at least one first shunt and in thermal communication with the
second fluid, the at least one heat exchanger comprising a plurality of fins extending generally outwardly from the at least
one first shunt;

at least one compliant element between and mechanically coupled to the at least one heat exchanger of the first thermoelectric
assembly and the at least one heat exchanger of the second thermoelectric assembly; and

at least one second shunt extending around the outer perimeter of the tube generally perpendicularly to the axial direction
and in thermal communication with the tube, wherein at least a portion of the at least one second shunt is electrically isolated
from the tube and is in thermal communication with, in electrical communication with, and sandwiched between the at least
one second thermoelectric element of the first thermoelectric assembly and the at least one first thermoelectric element of
the second thermoelectric assembly,

wherein the first thermoelectric assembly, the at least one second shunt, and the second thermoelectric assembly are in series
electrical communication with one another such that the thermoelectric system has an electrical current flow path through
the at least one first thermoelectric element of the first thermoelectric assembly, the at least one first shunt of the first
thermoelectric assembly, the at least one second thermoelectric element of the first thermoelectric assembly, the at least
one second shunt, the at least one first thermoelectric element of the second thermoelectric assembly, the at least one first
shunt of the second thermoelectric assembly, and the at least one second thermoelectric element of the second thermoelectric
assembly.

US Pat. No. 9,310,112

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DISTRIBUTED THERMOELECTRIC HEATING AND COOLING

Gentherm Incorporated, N...

1. A thermoelectric system for distributed localized heating, cooling, or both heating and cooling, the thermoelectric system
comprising:
at least one fluid conduit configured to allow a first working fluid to flow therein; and
a plurality of thermoelectric assemblies, each thermoelectric assembly comprising a plurality of thermoelectric elements,
each thermoelectric assembly comprising a first side and a second side and configured to transfer thermal energy between the
first side and the second side, each thermoelectric assembly selectively in thermal communication with the first working fluid
via the first side by a fluid flow controller corresponding to the thermoelectric assembly configured to either direct or
stop flow of the first working fluid through the thermoelectric assembly relative to the first side, and each thermoelectric
assembly in thermal communication with a region corresponding to the thermoelectric assembly via the second side,

wherein each thermoelectric assembly is selectively operable either to heat the region corresponding to the thermoelectric
assembly by the thermoelectric assembly transferring heat from the first working fluid via the first side to the region corresponding
to the thermoelectric assembly via the second side or to cool the region corresponding to the thermoelectric assembly by the
thermoelectric assembly transferring heat from the region corresponding to the thermoelectric assembly via the second side
to the first working fluid via the first side,

wherein each thermoelectric assembly is operable independently from operation of other thermoelectric assemblies of the plurality
of thermoelectric assemblies,

wherein the at least one fluid conduit comprises a plurality of fluid conduits, each thermoelectric assembly in fluid communication
with a fluid conduit corresponding to the thermoelectric assembly, each fluid conduit in fluid communication with a fluid
loop, the fluid loop configured to allow the first working fluid to flow therein, each fluid conduit comprising an inlet side
and an outlet side, the inlet side configured to direct at least a portion of the first working fluid from the fluid loop
toward the thermoelectric assembly to flow through the thermoelectric assembly, the outlet side configured to direct the at
least a portion of the first working fluid away from the thermoelectric assembly into the fluid loop,

wherein the at least a portion of the first working fluid flows out of the fluid loop into an inlet side of a first fluid
conduit corresponding to a first thermoelectric assembly of the plurality of thermoelectric assemblies, through the first
thermoelectric assembly while an other portion of the first working fluid flows through the fluid loop in parallel with the
at least a portion of the first working fluid flowing through the first thermoelectric assembly, and through an outlet side
of the first fluid conduit back into the fluid loop when the thermoelectric system is operating,

wherein, after flowing through the outlet side of the first fluid conduit back into the fluid loop, at least a part of the
portion of the first working fluid sequentially flows out of the fluid loop into an inlet side of a second fluid conduit corresponding
to a second thermoelectric assembly of the plurality of thermoelectric assemblies, through the second thermoelectric assembly
while at least a part of the other portion of the first working fluid flows through the fluid loop in parallel with the at
least a part of the portion of the first working fluid flowing through the second thermoelectric assembly, and through an
outlet side of the second fluid conduit back into the fluid loop when the thermoelectric system is operating, and

wherein the inlet of the second fluid conduit connects to the fluid loop directly downstream of the outlet of the first fluid
conduit connecting to the fluid loop such that the first fluid conduit is in series fluid communication with the second fluid
conduit while the fluid loop is in parallel fluid communication with the first and second fluid conduits.

US Pat. No. 9,178,128

THERMOELECTRIC DEVICES WITH INTERFACE MATERIALS AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Gentherm Incorporated, N...

1. A thermoelectric device comprising:
at least one shunt;
at least one thermoelectric element of a first material in thermal and electrical communication with the at least one shunt;
and

at least one interface material different from the first material between the at least one shunt and the at least one thermoelectric
element, wherein the at least one interface material comprises a plurality of cores of a second material separated from one
another and surrounded on all sides by a shell of a third material different from the second material, wherein the at least
one interface material is at least 95% dense and configured to undergo deformation under at least one of the group consisting
of: (i) a normal load between the at least one shunt and the at least one thermoelectric element, the normal load being in
a direction generally perpendicular to a plane that is generally parallel to the at least one shunt and the at least one thermoelectric
element, and (ii) a shear load between the at least one shunt and the at least one thermoelectric element, the shear load
being in a direction generally parallel to the plane that is generally parallel to the at least one shunt and the at least
one thermoelectric element, wherein the deformation reduces interface stress between the at least one shunt and the at least
one thermoelectric element,

wherein the second material comprises at least one thermally and electrically conductive material or at least one dielectric
material, the at least one thermally and electrically conductive material comprising at least one of the group consisting
of: carbon, graphite, silicon carbide, Si, W, TiC, and WC, the at least one dielectric material comprising at least one of
the group consisting of: aluminum oxide, aluminum nitride, glass frits, and glass bubbles.

US Pat. No. 9,121,414

LOW-PROFILE BLOWERS AND METHODS

GENTHERM INCORPORATED, N...

1. A low-profile blower, comprising:
a housing defining an interior space, the housing including an inlet and an outlet;
wherein the housing has a first side and a second side joined by a sidewall;
an electric motor assembly disposed within the interior space, the motor assembly comprising a backplate, the backplate being
coupled to the housing;

an impeller comprising a plurality of blades, the impeller being coupled with the motor assembly, the motor assembly configured
to selectively rotate the impeller;

wherein the impeller is configured to draw a fluid into the interior space of the housing via the inlet and to discharge the
fluid from the interior space via the outlet;

wherein the fluid proceeds through a portion of the interior space with a non-uniform velocity, the portion being in communication
with the outlet;

a filter disposed at least partly in the inlet such that at least some of the fluid passes through the filter, wherein the
filter comprises a mesh and is integrated with the housing, wherein some of the housing is located in voids in the filter;

a circuit board positioned in the interior space and below the impeller, the circuit board having an outer periphery and comprising
a plurality of electronic components coupled to the circuit board;

wherein the blades are axially disposed generally above the circuit board by an axial distance, the blades disposed at least
partly within the outer periphery by a radial distance;

at least one wire, the wire configured to supply electric power to the electric motor assembly;
wherein the least one wire extends from outside the housing into the interior space;
wherein at least one channel is formed in the housing, at least a portion of the channel being covered with a cover member;
and

wherein an exterior surface of the housing comprises a recess, the recess being configured to receive the cover member such
that a surface of the cover member is generally flush with the exterior surface of the housing.

US Pat. No. 9,366,461

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CLIMATE CONTROL WITHIN A PASSENGER COMPARTMENT OF A VEHICLE

Gentherm Incorporated, N...

38. A method for controlling climate at selected regions within a passenger compartment of a vehicle, the method comprising:
providing a climate control system comprising:
at least one fluid conduit loop configured to allow a liquid to flow in the at least one fluid conduit loop; and
a plurality of thermoelectric assemblies,
wherein at least two thermoelectric assemblies of the plurality of thermoelectric assemblies each have a first side and a
second side and are configured to transfer thermal energy between the first side and the second side,

wherein the at least two thermoelectric assemblies of the plurality of thermoelectric assemblies are in selective thermal
communication with the liquid via a corresponding fluid flow controller of each of the at least two thermoelectric assemblies,
the corresponding fluid flow controller configured to stop fluid flow of the liquid relative to the first side or to allow
fluid flow of the liquid relative to the first side to place the first side in thermal communication with the liquid flowing
through the at least one fluid conduit loop,

wherein when the corresponding fluid flow controller allows the liquid to flow relative to the first side, the liquid thermally
connects the first side to a heat source or a heat sink,

wherein each of the at least two thermoelectric assemblies has a corresponding region within the passenger compartment,
wherein the at least two thermoelectric assemblies are selectively operable to heat the corresponding region by the thermoelectric
assembly transferring heat from the liquid via the first side to the corresponding region via the second side,

wherein the at least two thermoelectric assemblies are each operable independently from one another, and
wherein the second side is in thermal communication with the region corresponding to the thermoelectric assembly and is configured
to control the temperature of the region; and

operating the at least two thermoelectric assemblies independently from one another to selectively control climate at the
regions corresponding to the at least two thermoelectric assemblies.

US Pat. No. 9,276,188

THERMOELECTRIC-BASED POWER GENERATION SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Gentherm Incorporated, N...

11. A method of generating electric power in a vehicle comprising an engine, the method comprising:
flowing an engine exhaust fluid through at least one exhaust fluid conduit of a power generation system, the at least one
exhaust conduit comprising a first region having a first exhaust fluid pressure drop and a second region having a second exhaust
fluid pressure drop less than the first exhaust fluid pressure drop, the power generation system comprising at least one heat
exchanger in thermal communication with the exhaust fluid in the first region, an array of thermoelectric elements in thermal
communication with the at least one heat exchanger, a heat transfer enhancement structure within the second region and in
thermal communication with the array of thermoelectric elements, the heat transfer enhancement structure configured to transfer
heat from the exhaust fluid in the second region, and at least one valve configured to adjust engine exhaust fluid flow through
the first region and the second region; and

actuating the at least one valve based on at least one engine operating parameter.

US Pat. No. 9,125,497

CLIMATE CONTROLLED BED ASSEMBLY WITH INTERMEDIATE LAYER

Gentherm Incorporated, N...

1. A climate controlled bed comprising:
an upper portion comprising at least one fluid distribution member, said fluid distribution member being in fluid communication
with the at least one internal passageway of the upper portion, wherein said at least one fluid distribution member is configured
to at least partially distribute fluid within said at least one fluid distribution member;

wherein the at least one internal passageway terminates at a bottom surface of the upper portion;
at least one interlay component positioned between the upper potion and a foundation, the foundation being separate from the
upper portion and the at least one interlay component, wherein an entirety of the at least one interlay component is positioned
above a foundation,

at least one fluid module positioned at least partially within the at least one interlay component, wherein the at least one
fluid module comprises a fluid transfer device configured to selectively transfer air through at least one outlet located
along a top of the at least one interlay component, the at least one fluid module located away from a peripheral edge of the
at least one interlay component;

wherein, when the upper portion is properly positioned relative to the at least one interlay component, the at least one outlet
is generally aligned and in fluid communication with the at least one internal passageway of the upper portion;

wherein the at least one interlay component comprises at least one fluid channel that extends to an edge of the at least one
interlay component, the at least one fluid channel being in fluid communication with an inlet of the at least one fluid module,
the at least one fluid channel extending to a bottom surface of the at least one interlay so that the at least one fluid channel
is immediately adjacent the foundation when positioned thereon;

wherein, in use, air is delivered from an environment surrounding the bed to the inlet of the at least one fluid module at
least in part through the at least one fluid channel of the interlay component; and

wherein air discharged by the at least one fluid module is transferred, through the at least one outlet and the at least one
internal passageway of the upper portion, to at least one fluid distribution member.

US Pat. No. 9,103,573

HVAC SYSTEM FOR A VEHICLE

Gentherm Incorporated, N...

1. A heating, ventilating, and air conditioning system for a vehicle, the system comprising:
a first fluid circuit including a first conduit configured to convey a first fluid therein, said first circuit in thermal
communication with an electric side of the vehicle;

a second fluid circuit including a second conduit configured to convey the first fluid therein;
a first thermoelectric device having a first heat transfer surface and a second heat transfer surface, the first heat transfer
surface in thermal communication with at least one of said first circuit and said second circuit, the second heat transfer
surface adapted to be in thermal communication with an air stream conduit, wherein said first thermoelectric device is in
direct thermal communication with said air stream conduit; and

a first heat exchanger in thermal communication with said second fluid circuit, wherein said first circuit, said second circuit,
said first thermoelectric device, and said first heat exchanger are configured to cooperate to heat, cool, or demist an air
stream in the air stream conduit.

US Pat. No. 9,335,073

CLIMATE CONTROLLED SEATING ASSEMBLY WITH SENSORS

Gentherm Incorporated, N...

1. A method of controlling a thermal module configured for use in a climate controlled seat assembly, comprising:
providing a thermal module configured to provide air to the climate controlled seat assembly, the thermal module comprising:
an inlet and an outlet;
a thermal condition device configured to selectively heat or cool air passing through or adjacent the thermal conditioning
device; and

a fluid transfer device configured to transfer air from the inlet to the outlet and past the thermal conditioning device;
and

wherein a controller is configured to regulate at least one operational aspect of the thermal module;
operatively coupling a sensor to the controller, the sensor being configured to detect a relative humidity of air being transferred
adjacent the sensor;

wherein the controller is configured to reduce a voltage of electrical energy provided to the thermal conditioning device
when the sensor detects a relative humidity level of air being transferred that is above a threshold level to avoid condensate
formation;

wherein, when the relative humidity level of air being transferred is below a threshold level, the controller is configured
to adjust a voltage supplied to the thermal conditioning device to permit the thermal module to operate according to a control
algorithm; and

wherein the control algorithm is configured to operate the thermal module within a target comfort zone, wherein the target
comfort zone is based on, at least in part, the relative humidity level and a temperature of air being transferred by the
thermal module.

US Pat. No. 9,622,588

ENVIRONMENTALLY-CONDITIONED BED

Gentherm Incorporated, N...

1. A climate controlled bed comprising:
an upper portion having a top surface and a bottom surface, wherein the upper portion comprises at least one fluid distribution
member;

a fluid module comprising a fluid transfer device and a thermal conditioning device that selectively heats or cools fluid
entering the fluid module;

at least one fluid passageway placing the at least one fluid distribution member in fluid communication with the fluid module;
at least one humidity sensor positioned along or near an inlet of the fluid module and configured to measure a humidity of
fluid entering the fluid module; and

a control unit operatively coupled to the at least one humidity sensor and the fluid module, wherein the control unit is configured,
based at least in part on the humidity measured by the humidity sensor to modify at least one operational parameter of the
thermal conditioning device in order to reduce the likelihood of condensation formation by the fluid module.

US Pat. No. 9,447,994

TEMPERATURE CONTROL SYSTEMS WITH THERMOELECTRIC DEVICES

Gentherm Incorporated, N...

21. A temperature control system for heating, cooling, and/or demisting an occupant compartment of a vehicle during a stop
of an engine of the vehicle, the system comprising:
an engine coolant circuit in thermal communication with the engine of the vehicle; wherein the engine coolant circuit is configured
to convey a coolant,

a first heat exchanger disposed in a comfort air channel of the vehicle and in fluid communication with the engine coolant
circuit;

a thermoelectric device having a waste surface and a main surface, wherein the waste surface is in thermal communication with
a thermal energy source or a heat sink;

a second heat exchanger disposed in the comfort air channel and in thermal communication with the main surface of the thermoelectric
device, wherein the second heat exchanger is downstream from the first heat exchanger with respect to a direction of a comfort
airflow in the comfort air channel when the temperature control system is in operation;

a first conduit configured to convey the coolant in the first conduit, the first conduit in fluid communication with the waste
surface of the thermoelectric device via a waste heat exchanger connected to the waste surface of the thermoelectric device;

a first bypass conduit configured to convey the coolant in the first bypass conduit, the first bypass conduit configured to
bypass flow of the coolant around the first conduit, wherein the first conduit and the first bypass conduit include a common
inlet connection and a common outlet connection, wherein the first conduit and the first bypass conduit are connected in parallel
between said common inlet connection and said common outlet connection,

at least one flow control device configured to restrict coolant flow through the first bypass conduit; and
a controller configured to operate the temperature control system in a plurality of modes of operation to heat, cool, and/or
demist the occupant compartment of the vehicle,

wherein the plurality of modes of operation comprises a stop heating mode wherein residual heat of the engine is configured
to heat the comfort airflow in the comfort air channel while electric current is not supplied to the thermoelectric device
and while the engine is stopped, and

wherein the first conduit directly connects to the waste heat exchanger.

US Pat. No. 9,105,808

THERMOELECTRIC DEVICE

Gentherm Incorporated, N...

1. A thermoelectric system comprising:
a pair of opposing substrates, each substrate having a peripheral edge and a face that generally opposes a face of the other
opposing substrate;

a plurality semiconductor elements positioned between the opposing faces of the opposing substrates, the plurality of semiconductor
elements comprises at least two groups of dissimilar semiconductor elements, wherein the plurality of semiconductor elements
are electrically coupled in series by conductor elements arranged so the two groups of dissimilar semiconductor elements are
connected in an alternating pattern;

a first terminal, a second terminal and a third terminal electrically connected to the conductor elements with the third terminal
being positioned electrically between the first and second terminals along a circuit created by the plurality of semiconductor
elements electrically coupled in series by the conductor elements, and

a switch electrically connected to at least one of the first, second and third terminals, so as to permit electric current
to selectively flow between the first and second terminals and between the first and third terminals, wherein the switch permits
a total number of semiconductor elements through which electric current passes to be adjusted;

wherein the electrically coupled semiconductor elements comprise a plurality of first nodes and a plurality of second nodes,
wherein the first and second nodes emit or absorb heat according to electric current flowing through the semiconductor elements,
and wherein an impedance of the thermoelectric system is controlled by activating the switch.

US Pat. No. 9,857,107

THERMOELECTRIC DEVICE WITH INTERNAL SENSOR

GENTHERM INCORPORATED, N...

1. A thermoelectric device comprising:
a first and a second substrate spaced apart from each other to form a gap;
a plurality of semiconductor elements disposed between the first and second substrates within the gap, the plurality of semiconductor
elements comprising a first group of semiconductor elements having a first set of electrical properties and a second group
of semiconductor elements having a second set of electrical properties;

a first set of electrical conductors disposed between the plurality of semiconductor elements and the first substrate and
a second set of electrical conductors disposed between the plurality of semiconductor elements and the second substrate, the
first set of electrical conductors and the second set of electrical conductors arranged so the plurality of semiconductor
elements are electrically coupled to each other in series with the first and second groups of semiconductor elements in an
alternating arrangement,

wherein the first group of semiconductor elements comprises N-type semiconductor elements and wherein the second group of
semiconductor elements comprises P-type semiconductor elements, each electrical conductor being coupled to at least one N-type
semiconductor element and at least one P-type semiconductor element to form a Peltier circuit, and

wherein the first set of electrical conductors are coupled to the first substrate, and the second set of electrical conductors
are coupled to the second substrate;

a sensor disposed between the first and second substrates at a location spaced from a peripheral edge of the first substrate
or the second substrate, wherein the sensor is located adjacent to at least two semiconductor elements and is located between
the first and second substrates along a surface of at least one of the first and second substrates; and

a seal extending along the peripheral edge, the seal extending between the first and second substrates and surrounding the
semiconductor elements and the sensor, the seal extending from the peripheral edge of the first or second substrate to the
other substrate,

wherein the plurality of semiconductor elements are arranged so that at least some of the semiconductor elements establish
an outer boundary along a periphery of the semiconductor elements,

wherein the outer boundary defines a generally rectangular interior area,
wherein the plurality of semiconductor elements positioned along the outer boundary surround at least one row of interior
semiconductor elements, each of the interior semiconductor elements being positioned within the generally rectangular interior
area, and

wherein the sensor is disposed generally between at least two interior semiconductor elements, such that the sensor is separated
from the seal by at least one row of semiconductor elements.

US Pat. No. 9,651,279

CONDENSATION AND HUMIDITY SENSORS FOR THERMOELECTRIC DEVICES

Gentherm Incorporated, N...

1. A climate control assembly comprising:
a thermal conditioning device configured to selectively heat and/or cool air;
an air transfer device in communication with the thermal conditioning device, said air transfer device configured to transfer
air relative to the thermal conditioning device to selectively transfer heat to or from the air being transferred;

a sensor that detects a physical characteristic indicative of the humidity of the air; and
a control unit operatively connected to the thermal conditioning device, the air transfer device and the sensor, the control
unit configured to regulate operation of the thermal conditioning device based upon information received from the sensor to
avoid condensation at the thermal conditioning device.

US Pat. No. 9,365,090

CLIMATE CONTROL SYSTEM FOR VEHICLES USING THERMOELECTRIC DEVICES

Gentherm Incorporated, N...

1. A climate control system for heating or cooling a passenger cabin of a vehicle during heatup of an internal combustion
engine of the vehicle, the system comprising:
a coolant conduit configured to convey a coolant therein and selectively in thermal communication with an engine coolant system,
wherein the engine coolant system is in thermal communication with an internal combustion engine of a vehicle;

a heater core disposed in an air flow provided to a passenger cabin of the vehicle and in thermal communication with the engine
coolant system;

a thermoelectric module including a thermoelectric element and in thermal communication with the coolant conduit, the thermoelectric
element configured to transfer thermal energy between the coolant conduit and a heat transfer medium;

a heat exchanger disposed in the air flow and in thermal communication with the thermoelectric module; and
a controller configured to operate the climate control system in a plurality of modes of operation, and wherein the plurality
of modes of operation comprises:

a heatup heating mode wherein the thermoelectric module is configured to heat the air flow by the thermoelectric elements
transferring thermal energy from the heat transfer medium to the coolant while receiving electric current supplied in a first
polarity and while the internal combustion engine is running; and

a heating mode wherein the internal combustion engine is configured to heat the air flow while operation of the thermoelectric
module is ceased and while the internal combustion engine is running,

wherein, in the heatup heating mode, the thermoelectric module provides heat to the air flow while temperature of the coolant
from thermal energy of the internal combustion engine alone has not reached a desired temperature to heat the passenger cabin.

US Pat. No. 9,861,006

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR THERMOELECTRICALLY COOLING INDUCTIVE CHARGING STATIONS

GENTHERM INCORPORATED, N...

1. A cooling system for an induction charging module, the system comprising:
a dock configured to connect to an induction charging module on a first side, the dock comprising:
walls defining a cavity, a first opening at a first end for receiving a portable electronic device within the cavity, and
a second opening on a second side of the dock adjacent a second end opposite the first end; and

at least one rib protruding from at least one of the walls on the first side for spacing the portable electronic device away
from the at least one of the walls; and

a thermal conditioning module comprising an air moving device and a duct fluidly connecting the air moving device and the
dock via the second opening,

wherein during operation, the thermal conditioning module supplies a flow of air into the dock for cooling the portable electronic
device.

US Pat. No. 9,590,282

BATTERY THERMAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS INCLUDING HEAT SPREADERS WITH THERMOELECTRIC DEVICES

Gentherm Incorporated, N...

1. A thermoelectric battery thermal management system configured to manage battery cell temperature, the system comprising:
a battery cell comprising an electrode configured to deliver electric power to or from the battery cell, the electrode connected
to the battery cell on a first side of the battery cell, wherein the battery cell is capable of generating a hotspot corresponding
to a temperature increase of the battery cell when the battery cell is operating via the electrode delivering electric power
to or from the battery cell, the hotspot having a center corresponding to a point or a region of the battery cell having a
highest temperature relative to other regions of the battery cell;

a heat spreader on a second side of the battery cell and in thermal communication with the hotspot, the heat spreader over
the center of the hotspot on the second side of the battery cell; and

a thermoelectric device comprising a main surface and a waste surface, the thermoelectric device configured to transfer thermal
energy between the main surface and the waste surface of the thermoelectric device upon application of electric current to
the thermoelectric device, wherein the main surface of the thermoelectric device is in thermal communication with the heat
spreader to heat or cool the battery cell by adjusting a polarity of the electric current delivered to the thermoelectric
device, wherein the thermoelectric device is proximate to a third side of the battery cell, and wherein a geometric center
of the main surface of the thermoelectric device is substantially on a line along a shortest thermal path on the heat spreader
from the center of the hotspot to the third side of the battery cell with the geometric center of the main surface of the
thermoelectric device projected onto a plane of the heat spreader extending along the second side of the battery cell.

US Pat. No. 9,863,672

THERMOELECTRIC-BASED AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM

GENTHERM INCORPORATED, N...

1. A heating, ventilating, and air conditioning system for a vehicle, the system comprising:
a first circuit configured to circulate a first medium therein, the first circuit in thermal communication with an internal
combustion engine of the vehicle;

a second circuit configured to circulate the first medium therein, the second circuit in thermal communication with a heat
generating system of the vehicle, the heat generating system separate from the internal combustion engine;

a heat sink separate from the heat generating system, the heat sink in thermal communication with the first medium;
a thermoelectric module separate from the heat generating system, the thermoelectric module comprising a first heat transfer
surface and a second heat transfer surface, the first heat transfer surface in thermal communication with at least one of
the first circuit or the second circuit, the second heat transfer surface adapted to be in thermal communication with an air
flow; and

a first heat exchanger disposed in the air flow and in thermal communication with the first circuit,
wherein the first circuit, the second circuit, the thermoelectric module, and the first heat exchanger are configured to heat,
cool, or demist the air flow, and

wherein the heat generating system comprises at least one of a battery, an electronic device, an exhaust of the vehicle, a
heat storage system comprising a phase change material, or a positive temperature coefficient device.

US Pat. No. 9,685,599

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING AN OPERATION OF A THERMOELECTRIC DEVICE

Gentherm Incorporated, N...

1. A thermoelectric system comprising:
a thermoelectric device having a first surface and a second surface;
a power source configured to deliver a voltage signal across the thermoelectric device to power the thermoelectric device,
wherein the voltage signal is configured to be delivered at a duty cycle that includes a plurality of on and off power pulses,
wherein the plurality of on and off power pulses are a plurality of alternating on-time periods and off-time periods, whereby
each of the on-time periods is a time during which a power is supplied to the thermoelectric device and each of the off-time
periods is a time during which the power is switched off;

wherein the first surface is configured to heat and the second surface is configured to cool when the thermoelectric device
is being powered; and

a processor configured to:
adjust an amount of power supplied to the thermoelectric device by varying the duty cycle of the voltage signal supplied to
the thermoelectric device and determine a potential difference between the first surface and the second surface during at
least one of the off-time periods between consecutive on-time periods within the duty cycle;

determine a temperature of the first surface based on the potential difference and on an ambient temperature.

US Pat. No. 9,671,142

THERMOELECTRIC-BASED THERMAL MANAGEMENT OF ELECTRICAL DEVICES

Gentherm Incorporated, N...

3. A method for thermally managing an electrical device, the method comprising:
using a heat transfer device that comprises an electrically conductive portion connected to an electrical conductor that is
in thermal and electrical communication with an electrical device;

operating a thermoelectric device in substantial thermal communication with the heat transfer device and in substantial thermal
communication with a liquid heat exchanger; and

heating or cooling the electrical device by adjusting a polarity of electric current provided to the thermoelectric device.

US Pat. No. 9,105,809

SEGMENTED THERMOELECTRIC DEVICE

Gentherm Incorporated, N...

1. A thermoelectric system comprising:
a plurality of thermoelectric elements forming a thermoelectric array, the thermoelectric elements having a cooling side and
a heating side;

at least one heat exchanger on at least one of the cooling side and the heating side, the heat exchanger being in thermal
communication with at least some of the thermoelectric elements;

a substrate generally positioned between the thermoelectric elements and the heat exchange element, the substrate comprising:
a gap-free electrical isolation layer;
at least one support element configured to receive the at least one heat exchanger; and
a plurality of interconnecting tabs configured to place adjacent thermoelectric elements in electrical communication with
one another;

wherein the substrate is configured to alleviate thermal stress on said substrate when the thermoelectric elements are electrically
energized;

wherein portions of the substrate do not include at least one of a support element and an interconnecting tab along the same
lateral location of the substrate;

wherein at least some portions of the substrate do not include a support element and an interconnecting tab, wherein such
portions of the substrate that do not include a support element and an interconnecting tab are at least partially laterally
aligned along at least one gap;

wherein the substrate comprises at least one bridge configured to connect at least two adjacent support segments positioned
on either side of the at least one gap;

wherein the at least one support element comprises at least two support segments, wherein the at least one support element
is provided in the substrate as a unitary member such that the at least two support segments are connected by the at least
one bridge;

wherein the electrical isolation layer of said substrate is positioned between the at least one support element and the plurality
of interconnecting tabs, said electrical isolation layer comprising a film that comprises a continuous, unitary structure
that extends across the at least one gap and across spaces formed between adjacent interconnecting tabs; and

wherein the at least one bridge is integrally formed and substantially planar with the at least one support element and extends
past an edge of the at least one support element.

US Pat. No. 9,974,394

CLIMATE CONTROLLED BED ASSEMBLY WITH INTERMEDIATE LAYER

GENTHERM INCORPORATED, N...

21. A climate controlled support surface comprising:an upper portion comprising a fluid distribution member;
a lower portion positioned below the upper portion and configured to support the upper portion, the lower portion comprising a foundation member, an intermediate member, and an inlet channel; and
a fluid module positioned at least partially within the intermediate member between an upper side and a lower side of the intermediate layer wherein the fluid module comprises a fluid transfer device configured to selectively transfer air through an outlet located along a top of the intermediate member and a thermal conditioning device configured to selectively heat or cool air being transferred by the fluid transfer device,
wherein the inlet channel extends internally toward the fluid module from a peripheral edge of the lower portion, the inlet channel in fluid communication with an inlet of the fluid module and configured to transfer air from ambient to the inlet of the fluid module,
wherein the fluid distribution member is in fluid communication with an internal passageway of the upper portion, wherein the fluid distribution member is configured to at least partially distribute fluid within the fluid distribution member,
wherein the intermediate member is positioned above the foundation member and is generally secured to the foundation member, and
wherein the fluid module is configured to be in fluid communication with the fluid distribution member.

US Pat. No. 9,865,794

THERMOELECTRIC DEVICES WITH INTERFACE MATERIALS AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Gentherm Incorporated, N...

1. A method of forming a thermoelectric device, the method comprising:
providing a plurality of materials, the materials comprising shunt material, thermoelectric material, a first material different
from the thermoelectric material, and a second material different from the first material and the thermoelectric material,
the first material comprising at least one thermally and electrically conductive material or at least one dielectric material,
the at least one thermally and electrically conductive material comprising at least one of the group consisting of: carbon,
graphite, silicon carbide, Si, W, TiC, and WC, the at least one dielectric material comprising at least one of the group consisting
of: aluminum oxide, aluminum nitride, glass fits, and glass bubbles; and

forming the plurality of materials into a thermoelectric stack comprising at least one shunt of the shunt material, at least
one thermoelectric element of the thermoelectric material, and at least one interface material, wherein the at least one interface
material is at least 95% dense and comprises a plurality of cores of the first material separated from one another and surrounded
on all sides by a shell of the second material, and wherein at least a portion of the at least one interface material is between
the at least one shunt and the at least one thermoelectric element.

US Pat. No. 9,666,914

THERMOELECTRIC-BASED BATTERY THERMAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

Gentherm Incorporated, N...

1. A battery thermal management system comprising:
at least one battery;
a plurality of thermoelectric assemblies in thermal communication with the at least one battery, each thermoelectric assembly
comprising a plurality of thermoelectric elements, wherein a first thermoelectric assembly of the plurality of thermoelectric
assemblies is in electrical communication with a second thermoelectric assembly of the plurality of thermoelectric assemblies;
and

a circuit in electrical communication with the first thermoelectric assembly and the second thermoelectric assembly, the circuit
capable of being selectively switchable to place the first thermoelectric assembly and the second thermoelectric assembly
either in series electrical communication or parallel electrical communication with one another in response to at least one
parameter, wherein the at least one parameter comprises at least one temperature of a working fluid that flows into thermal
communication with the at least one battery by circulating the working fluid using a fluid control device.

US Pat. No. 9,662,962

VEHICLE HEADLINER ASSEMBLY FOR ZONAL COMFORT

Gentherm Incorporated, N...

1. A zonal conditioning system for a vehicle, comprising:
a headliner assembly configured to be secured to a top surface of a vehicle interior, wherein the headliner assembly comprises
a first side positioned away from the vehicle interior and hidden from the vehicle interior, and wherein the headliner assembly
comprises a second side positioned toward the vehicle interior, the headliner assembly comprising at least two vents through
which air selectively passes;

at least two fluid modules positioned along the first side of the headliner assembly, each of the fluid modules comprising
a fluid transfer device and an outlet, each of the at least two fluid modules comprising a thermoelectric device and a waste
conduit for transferring waste fluid from the respective fluid module, the fluid transfer device including an inlet that is
positioned such that a gap exists between the inlet of the fluid transfer device and the first side of the headliner assembly;

a first fluid conduit placing the outlet of a first fluid module in fluid communication with a first vent of the headliner
assembly; and

a second fluid conduit placing the outlet of a second fluid module in fluid communication with a second vent of the headliner
assembly;

wherein at least one property of the air discharged through the first and second vents can be selectively regulated to create
separate conditioning zones within the vehicle interior of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,899,711

GRAPHITE THERMOELECTRIC AND/OR RESISTIVE THERMAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS AND METHODS

GENTHERM INCORPORATED, N...

1. A thermoelectric battery thermal management system configured to manage temperature of a battery cell, the system comprising:
a heat spreader in thermal communication with a temperature sensitive region of a battery cell, the heat spreader comprising:
pyrolytic graphite in thermal communication with the temperature sensitive region of the battery cell, the pyrolytic graphite
comprising a plurality of graphite layers extending substantially in parallel along the heat spreader and configured to transfer
thermal energy and electric current along a plane substantially parallel to the graphite layers;

a plurality of thermal elevators between the plurality of graphite layers, the thermal elevators configured to transfer thermal
energy between the plurality of graphite layers and configured to transfer thermal energy substantially orthogonal to the
plane; and

a conductor in thermal communication with the pyrolytic graphite and the plurality of thermal elevators, the conductor in
electrical communication with the pyrolytic graphite to heat the battery cell upon application of electric current through
the pyrolytic graphite via the conductor;

a thermoelectric device comprising a main side and a waste side, the thermoelectric device configured to transfer thermal
energy between the main side and the waste side of the thermoelectric device upon application of electric current to the thermoelectric
device, wherein the main side of the thermoelectric device is in thermal communication with the heat spreader to heat or cool
the battery cell by adjusting a polarity of electric current delivered to the thermoelectric device; and

a thermal management controller configured to operate in a heating mode or a cooling mode,
wherein in the heating mode, the battery cell is heated by the heat spreader transferring thermal energy to the temperature
sensitive region of the battery cell when electric current is applied to the heat spreader via the conductor, when electric
current is applied to the thermoelectric device in a first polarity, or when electric current is applied to both the heat
spreader via the conductor and the thermoelectric device in the first polarity, and

wherein in the cooling mode, the battery cell is cooled by the heat spreader transferring thermal energy away from the temperature
sensitive region of the battery cell when electric current is applied to the thermoelectric device in a second polarity.

US Pat. No. 9,719,701

THERMOELECTRIC HEAT PUMP

Gentherm Incorporated, N...

1. An assembly for a thermoelectric heat pump used to cool an enclosed space, the assembly comprising:
an enclosure comprising a main side inlet, a main side outlet, a waste side inlet, and a waste side outlet;
a first thermoelectric module comprising a main side heat exchanger and a waste side heat exchanger; and
a stream divider assembly disposed within the enclosure, the stream divider assembly comprising a waste side channel and a
main side channel configured to direct a waste fluid stream in counter flow to and separate from a main fluid stream, the
waste side channel configured to direct the waste fluid stream from the waste side inlet through the waste side heat exchanger
to the waste side outlet, and the main side channel configured to direct the main fluid stream from the main side inlet through
the main side heat exchanger to the main side outlet, wherein the waste fluid stream remains in counter flow to the main fluid
stream from the waste side inlet through the waste side heat exchanger to the waste side outlet, and wherein the main fluid
stream remains in counter flow to the waste fluid stream from the main side inlet through the main side heat exchanger to
the main side outlet, and

wherein, when the assembly is installed for the thermoelectric heat pump to cool the enclosed space, the main side inlet and
the main side outlet are positioned inside the enclosed space, and the waste side inlet and the waste side outlet are positioned
outside the enclosed space.

US Pat. No. 9,555,686

TEMPERATURE CONTROL SYSTEMS WITH THERMOELECTRIC DEVICES

Gentherm Incorporated, N...

1. A temperature control system for heating, cooling, and/or demisting an occupant compartment of a vehicle during startup
of an internal combustion engine of the vehicle, the system comprising:
an engine coolant circuit comprising an engine block coolant conduit configured to convey coolant in the engine block coolant
conduit, wherein the engine block coolant conduit is in thermal communication with the internal combustion engine of the vehicle;

a heater core disposed in a comfort air channel of the vehicle and in fluid communication with the engine block coolant conduit;
an evaporator core of a belt driven refrigeration system disposed in the comfort air channel;
a thermoelectric device having a waste surface and a main surface, wherein the waste surface is in thermal communication with
a heat source or a heat sink;

a supplemental heat exchanger disposed in the comfort air channel and in thermal communication with the main surface of the
thermoelectric device, wherein the supplemental heat exchanger is downstream from the heater core with respect to a direction
of a comfort airflow in the comfort air channel when the temperature control system is in operation; and

a controller configured to operate the temperature control system in a plurality of modes of operation, and wherein the plurality
of modes of operation comprises:

a startup heating mode wherein the thermoelectric device is configured to heat the comfort airflow by transferring thermal
energy from the waste surface to the main surface while receiving electric current supplied in a first polarity and while
the internal combustion engine is running;

a heating mode wherein the internal combustion engine is configured to heat the comfort airflow while electric current is
not supplied to the thermoelectric device and while the internal combustion engine is running; and

a startup demisting mode wherein the evaporator core is configured to cool the comfort airflow and the thermoelectric device
is configured to heat the comfort airflow by transferring thermal energy from the waste surface to the main surface while
receiving electric current supplied in the first polarity; and

wherein, in the startup heating mode, the thermoelectric device provides heat to the comfort airflow while the internal combustion
engine is not able to heat the comfort airflow to a specified comfortable temperature without the heat provided by the thermoelectric
device; and

wherein a coefficient of performance of the thermoelectric device increases during the startup heating mode as a temperature
of the coolant increases.

US Pat. No. 10,219,407

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR COOLING INDUCTIVE CHARGING ASSEMBLIES

GENTHERM INCORPORATED, N...

1. A method of cooling for an inductive charging module, the method comprising:directing an airflow through a thermal conditioning module comprising a duct;
directing the airflow through the duct to a dock from a first opening of a first end of the dock to a cavity of the dock;
directing the airflow along at least one rib in the cavity, the at least one rib protruding from at least one wall of the dock, the at least one wall at least partially defining the cavity, and the at least one wall configured to connect to an inductive charging module configured to charge a portable electronic device; and
directing the airflow to a second opening of a second end of the dock, the second end opposite the first end, and the second end configured to receive the portable electronic device into the cavity,
wherein the at least one rib is configured to space the portable electronic device from the at least one wall within the cavity for the airflow to flow at least along a portion of the portable electronic device to cool the portable electronic device.

US Pat. No. 10,106,011

TEMPERATURE CONTROL SYSTEM WITH THERMOELECTRIC DEVICE

GENTHERM INCORPORATED, N...

25. A conditioning system for controlling temperature in a passenger compartment of a vehicle, the system comprising:a passenger air channel configured to deliver a passenger airflow to the passenger compartment of the vehicle;
a thermal energy source;
a heat transfer device disposed in the passenger air channel;
a thermoelectric device;
a first fluid circuit configured to circulate coolant to the thermal energy source and the thermoelectric device;
a second fluid circuit separate from the first fluid circuit, the second fluid circuit configured to circulate coolant to the thermoelectric device and the heat transfer device;
a bypass circuit configured to circulate coolant to the thermal energy source and the heat transfer device while bypassing the thermoelectric device,
wherein the heat transfer device is the single heat exchanger within the passenger air channel configured to be in fluid communication with the second fluid circuit and the bypass circuit to direct coolant through the second fluid circuit and the bypass circuit; and
a control system configured to operate the conditioning system to circulate coolant in the bypass circuit to the thermal energy source and the heat transfer device while bypassing the thermoelectric device when the thermal energy source is ready to provide heat to the passenger airflow.

US Pat. No. 10,052,985

LIQUID COOLED THERMOELECTRIC DEVICE

GENTHERM INCORPORATED, N...

1. A temperature conditioning module having an integrated waste heat cooling circuit, comprising:a housing having at least one air inlet and a first and second spaced apart air outlets, the first and second spaced apart air outlets defining terminal portions of respective first and second independent air passages;
one or more motor driven impellers supported for rotation within the housing, the one or more motor driven impellers being in fluid communication with the at least one air inlet and one or both of the first and second air passages;
one or more fluid recirculation pumps located within the housing;
one or more thermoelectric devices that is located in the first passage of the housing between the one or more motor driven impellers and the first air outlet, the at least one thermoelectric device having a first main side and a second waste side and being adapted to generate a temperature gradient between the first main side and the second waste side upon application of a source of electricity;
one or more heat exchangers that are located in the second passage of the housing, between the at least one motor driven impeller and the second air outlet and
a fluid circulation circuit that is (i) contained entirely within the housing, (ii) forms part of the housing or both (i) and (ii); the fluid circulation circuit being in fluid communication with the one or more fluid recirculation pumps, the one or more fluid recirculation pumps passing a fluid through:
a) one or more waste thermal transfer plates that are in thermal communication with the second waste side of the one or more thermoelectric devices to thereby absorb at least a portion of the waste heat provided by the second waste side of the one or more thermoelectric devices, and
b) one or more heat exchange thermal transfer plates being located downstream of the one or more waste thermal transfer plates, the one or more heat exchange thermal transfer plates being in contact with the one or more heat exchangers to expel at least the portion of the waste heat from the one or more heat exchange thermal transfer plates to the heat exchanger before returning the fluid to the one or more fluid recirculation pumps for subsequent recirculation, wherein the fluid is a liquid;
wherein the one or more motor driven impellers is operable so that (i) air from the at least one air inlet is directed through the first passage in the housing and exits the first outlet after passing over the first main side of the one or more thermoelectric devices; and (ii) air from the at least one air inlet is directed through the second passage in the housing and exits the second outlet after passing over the one or more heat exchangers; and
wherein the housing forms a single package that houses the one or more drive impellers, the one or more fluid recirculation pumps, the one or more thermoelectric devices, the one or more heat exchangers, the waste thermal transfer plate, the heat exchanger thermal transfer plate, and the fluid circulation circuit so that the single package is capable of being installed into an article of manufacture.

US Pat. No. 10,005,337

HEATING AND COOLING SYSTEMS FOR SEATING ASSEMBLIES

GENTHERM INCORPORATED, N...

1. A climate control system for a seat assembly, comprising:a first thermal module comprising a first fluid transfer device to produce a fluid flow, the first thermal module being configured to selectively provide conditioned air to a first portion of a climate controlled seat assembly, the first thermal module comprising a first control unit, wherein a first housing encloses the first thermal module and the first control unit;
a second thermal module comprising a second fluid transfer device to produce a fluid flow, the second thermal module being configured to selectively provide conditioned air to a second portion of the climate controlled seat assembly, the second thermal module comprising a second control unit, wherein a second housing encloses the second thermal module and the second control unit, the first and second thermal modules positioned within separate housings; and
a communication line configured to operatively connect the first control unit to the second control unit; wherein the first control unit is configured to modify at least one operational parameter of the second thermal module via the second control unit, without using a physically separate controller.

US Pat. No. 9,989,267

MOISTURE ABATEMENT IN HEATING OPERATION OF CLIMATE CONTROLLED SYSTEMS

GENTHERM INCORPORATED, N...

1. A climate control system configured to operate in a heating mode, the system comprising:a housing defining an interior space, the housing comprising an inlet and an outlet;
a thermal conditioning device positioned in the interior space and having a main surface and a waste surface, the main surface configured to condition fluid passing through the interior space, wherein the waste surface is at a temperature less than a temperature of the main surface during the heating mode;
a fluid transfer device comprising a plurality of blades, the fluid transfer device configured to selectively transfer fluid from the inlet to the outlet of the housing, wherein fluid passing through the interior space of the housing is heated by the main surface when the thermal conditioning device is activated;
a humidity sensor configured to measure a humidity at the waste surface of the thermal conditioning device; and
a processor configured to receive a humidity reading from the humidity sensor and to control electrical power supplied by a power source;
wherein, when the system is operating in the heating mode and the humidity reading is equal to or greater than a humidity threshold, power supplied to the thermal conditioning device is reduced; and
wherein, when the system is operating in the heating mode and the humidity reading is less than the humidity threshold, power supplied to the thermal conditioning device is increased or maintained.

US Pat. No. 10,208,990

THERMOELECTRIC DEVICE CONTROLS AND METHODS

GENTHERM INCORPORATED, N...

1. A thermoelectric system comprising:a thermoelectric device comprising a first surface and a second surface;
a power source configured to deliver a voltage across the thermoelectric device to selectively activate or deactivate the thermoelectric device;
wherein the first surface is configured to heat and the second surface is configured to cool with the delivery of the voltage across the thermoelectric device; and
a processor configured to:
determine a potential between the first surface and the second surface when the thermoelectric device is deactivated;
correlate the potential to a temperature of the first surface based at least in part on the voltage delivered across the thermoelectric device; and
adjust the correlated temperature of the first surface based on an ambient temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,160,356

CLIMATE CONTROL ASSEMBLY

GENTHERM INCORPORATED, N...

1. A climate controlled seat assembly, the climate controlled seat assembly comprising:a thermoelectric device comprising a main side and a waste side;
a main heat exchanger coupled to the main side of the thermoelectric device for generating a conditioned fluid stream from a first fluid stream;
a waste heat exchanger coupled to the waste side of the thermoelectric device for generating a waste fluid stream from a second fluid stream;
a first fluid path in the seat assembly that directs the first fluid stream and the conditioned fluid stream to a seating surface configured to contact an occupant; and
a second fluid path that directs the second fluid stream from a location proximate the seating surface to the waste heat exchanger via a conduit and the waste fluid stream away from the occupant, the conduit providing fluid communication between the location proximate the seating surface and the waste heat exchanger.

US Pat. No. 10,124,793

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR SUPPLYING POWER IN A HYBRID VEHICLE USING CAPACITORS, A BATTERY AND ONE OR MORE DC/DC CONVERTERS

GENTHERM INCORPORATED, N...

1. A power management system for a hybrid vehicle including an engine, comprising:a battery;
a vehicle power bus that distributes power from the battery to vehicle loads;
a capacitor, wherein the capacitor includes one of a plurality of supercapacitors and a plurality of ultracapacitors;
a starter/generator controller that communicates with the capacitor and the battery;
a power management module configured to:
supply power from the capacitor to the starter/generator controller during cranking of the engine; and
supply power from the battery to the starter/generator controller during the cranking of the engine,
wherein the power supplied by the battery is greater than or equal to 2% and less than or equal to 20% of a total power supplied to the starter/generator controller during the cranking of the engine; and
a battery and capacitor assembly including:
a cooling plate assembly;
a heat spreader;
zoned thermoelectric devices; and
mounting brackets,
wherein the battery includes pouch-type battery cells and the capacitor includes pouch-type capacitor cells, and
wherein the pouch-type battery cells and the pouch-type capacitor cells are arranged between the mounting brackets and in thermal contact with the heat spreader and the zoned thermoelectric devices.

US Pat. No. 10,170,811

THERMOELECTRIC-BASED THERMAL MANAGEMENT OF ELECTRICAL DEVICES

GENTHERM INCORPORATED, N...

21. A thermal management system configured to manage temperature of an electrical device, the system comprising:a thermoelectric device configured to transfer thermal energy between a main surface and a waste surface via electric power applied to the thermoelectric device, wherein the main surface of the thermoelectric device is in thermal communication with of an electrical conductor of an electrical device, the electrical conductor configured to deliver electric power to or from the electrical device;
a plurality of sensors configured to provide inputs corresponding to a thermal gradient of the electrical device; and
a controller programmed to:
receive the inputs from the plurality of sensors to monitor the thermal gradient of the electrical device;
adjust electric power delivered to the thermoelectric device based on the thermal gradient such that thermal energy transferred to or away from the electrical device reduces or eliminates the thermal gradient of the electrical device;
monitor electric current directed in or out of the electrical device; and
adjust electric power delivered to the thermoelectric device to reduce or eliminate the thermal gradient of the electrical device created during operation of the electrical device at least in part based on the electric current directed in or out of the electrical device.

US Pat. No. 10,228,166

CONDENSATION AND HUMIDITY SENSORS FOR THERMOELECTRIC DEVICES

GENTHERM INCORPORATED, N...

1. A fluid module for selectively heating or cooling air, the fluid module comprising:a thermoelectric device having a cold side and a hot side;
a cold side comprising a cold side heat exchanger coupled to the cold side of the thermoelectric device and a cold side outlet in fluid communication with the cold side heat exchanger;
a hot side comprising a hot side heat exchanger coupled to the hot side of the thermoelectric device and a hot side outlet in fluid communication with the hot side heat exchanger; and
a separator gasket separating at least in part the cold side outlet from the hot side outlet, the separator gasket configured to draw condensate along a first surface facing the cold side of the of the fluid module away from at least a portion of the cold side of the fluid module and dissipate the condensate along a second surface opposite the first surface to the hot side of the fluid module, the separator gasket having a first dimension between the first surface and the second surface smaller than a second dimension extending along the first surface or the second surface.

US Pat. No. 10,226,134

ENVIRONMENTALLY-CONDITIONED BED

GENTHERM INCORPORATED, N...

1. A climate controlled bed assembly comprising:an upper portion comprising:
a mattress comprising a top surface, a bottom surface, and a core extending at least partially between the top surface and the bottom surface; and
a fluid distribution member configured to receive fluid therein and generally distribute fluid within the fluid distribution member, the fluid distribution member configured to be positioned adjacent the top surface of the mattress;
a fluid passageway positioned along the outside of the core of the mattress, the fluid passageway in fluid communication with the fluid distribution member; and
a lower portion supporting the upper portion, the lower portion comprising:
a fluid module positioned within the lower portion, the fluid module comprising a fluid transfer device and a conditioning device configured to selectively heat or cool fluid transferred by the fluid transfer device, the fluid module in fluid communication with the fluid passageway,
wherein the fluid passageway is configured to transfer fluid discharged by the fluid module to the fluid distribution member,
wherein the fluid passageway extends outside of the mattress along an edge of the mattress, and
wherein the mattress is positioned between the fluid distribution member and the lower portion.