US Pat. No. 9,442,053

TEST SAMPLE FRAME AND SYSTEM FOR DYNAMICALLY AND/OR CYCLICALLY LOAD TESTING A SAMPLE

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...

1. A test system for dynamically and/or cyclically load testing a sample, comprising:
a test frame to which a bearing and a counter bearing are attached, the test frame including at least one actuator including
a solid state transducer material system coupled to the counter bearing, a fastener coupled to the at least one actuator for
holding one end of the sample and for holding another end of the sample which is coupled to the bearing so that the at least
one actuator introduces dynamic and/or cyclical mechanical loads into the sample, which act along a load path extending longitudinally
between the bearing and the counter bearing through the sample; and wherein

the test frame comprises at least a first and second frame part joined together detachably to form a capsule, the first frame
part at least partially encasing the at least one actuator and is connected to the at least one actuator by the counter bearing
and the second frame part projects above the first frame part, has a dome and is provided with at least one recess oriented
laterally to the load path in which the bearing is mounted longitudinally with respect to the load path; and

supports are attached to the test frame with each support on a bearing attached to a support structure; and
wherein the capsule has a longitudinal axis which is vertically oriented, in at least a longitudinal section through the capsule,
the second frame part has a vertically flared outer contour defining the dome, the first frame part has an outer contour with
a cross-section tapering vertically downwardly in the longitudinal direction and the second frame part is aligned flush with
the first frame part in an area of the largest cross-section of the capsule.

US Pat. No. 9,048,372

PATTERNING

Cambridge Enterprise Limi...

1. A method for patterning an article comprising a first layer of a first material, the method comprising providing a thread
carrying a first solvent in which the first material is soluble, and contacting the thread with a first surface region of
an exposed surface of the first layer but not a second surface region of the exposed surface and thereby solvating the first
material at the first surface region to remove at least part of the first layer at the first surface region but not a part
of the first layer at the second surface region of the exposed surface.

US Pat. No. 9,698,311

BLUE LIGHT-EMITTING DIODES BASED ON ZINC SELENIDE QUANTUM DOTS

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...

1. Colloidal quantum dots comprising:
a) a core comprising zinc selenide;
b) one or more shells comprising zinc selenide grown onto the core, thereby obtaining a last shell; and
c) at least one shell of a ZnS passivating material applied to at least one of the core or the last shell,
said colloidal quantum dots being cadmium-free; and
wherein a standard deviation for a size distribution of the colloidal quantum dots is not more than 10%.
US Pat. No. 9,351,514

PROTEIN PREPARATION PRODUCED FROM RAPE SEEDS

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...

1. A protein preparation produced from rapeseeds,
the protein preparation being produced by a method wherein the rapeseeds are dehulled so as to obtain a kernel fraction having
a hull content of less than 5% w/w, and

the kernel fraction is then further processed such that the protein preparation is free of sulfur dioxide,
wherein the protein preparation has:
a protein content of less than 90% based on the dry mass,
a brightness L*, determined according to a CIE-L*a*b* color scale, of at least 80, and
at least water-binding, oil-binding and emulsifying functionality, wherein
the water binding ability is at least 1 ml per gram of dry mass, and/or
the oil binding ability is at least 1 ml/g, and/or
the emulsifying capacity is at least 400 ml/g, and
the protein preparation is free of sulfur dioxide.

US Pat. No. 9,581,147

ACTUATOR HAVING AT LEAST ONE CONTROL ELEMENT WHICH HAS THERMAL TRANSDUCER MATERIAL

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...

1. An actuator comprising:
at least one control element including a thermally activatable transducer material which extends in a longitudinal dimension,
is responsive to the supply or dissipation of energy, and changes from a first shape state into a second shape state;

a mechanical energy store, which is functionally connected to the at least one control element which in the second shape state
exerts on the at least one control element a restoring force which returns the at least one control element to the first shape
state;

the mechanical energy store includes an elastomer body which is always in direct physical and thermal contact with the at
least one control element regardless of whether the at least one control element is in the first or the second shape state;
and

the elastomer body is electrically insulating and is connected in a spatially fixed manner to the at least one control element
in at least two spatially separate regions along the control element so that a change in shape of the at least one control
element compresses or elongates the elastomer body to generate the restoring force; and wherein

the elastomer body comprises an elastomer material containing at least one additive which increases the thermal conductivity
of the elastomer.

US Pat. No. 9,182,546

MONOLITHIC OPTOELECTRONIC TWE-COMPONENT STRUCTURE FOR HIGH FREQUENCIES AND LOW OPTICAL INSERTION LOSS

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft Z...

1. A monolithic optoelectronic device comprising:
a Mach-Zehnder modulator comprising an optical waveguide containing a core and at least one electrode connected to at least
a portion of the waveguide;

a spot-size converter optically connected to the waveguide and containing a core; and
an overclad structure comprising a thick overclad having an enhanced thickness extending over the core of the spot-size converter,
a thin overclad having an unenhanced thickness extending over the core of the waveguide, and a transition between the spot-size
converter and the waveguide where the thickness of the overclad structure decreases from the enhanced thickness to the unenhanced
thickness, wherein the thin overclad over the waveguide is more highly doped than the thick overclad over the spot-size converter.

US Pat. No. 9,375,514

MULTICELLULAR TISSUE AND ORGAN CULTURE SYSTEMS

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...

1. A method of producing a three-dimensional multicellular tissue or organ comprising:
(a) culturing mammalian digests of acinary pancreatic tissue, acinary salivary gland tissue or exocrine sweat gland tissue
in a medium to obtain acinary tissue cell aggregates or exocrine sweat gland tissue cell aggregates,

(b) culturing the acinary tissue cell aggregates or exocrine sweat gland tissue cell aggregates obtained in step (a) in tissue
vessels such that acinary tissue stem cells or exocrine sweat gland tissue stem cells adhere to said vessel,

(c) cultivating the stem cells obtained from step (b) in medium in hanging drops, thereby forming organoid bodies comprising
three-dimensional multicellular mammalian cell aggregates, wherein said organoid bodies contain cells of all three germ layers,
and

(d) cultivating the organoid bodies formed from step (c) on a physiologically compatible matrix coated tissue carrier in medium
comprising differentiation factors and/or growth factors or in co-culture with differentiated cells or tissue pieces of the
desired target tissue to obtain a desired tissue.

US Pat. No. 9,783,828

RECOMBINANT CELL, AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING ISOPRENE

SEKISUI CHEMICAL CO., LTD...

1. A recombinant cell prepared by introducing a nucleic acid encoding isoprene synthase into a host cell wherein the host
cell is a Clostridium bacterium or a Moorella bacterium, wherein the nucleic acid is expressed in the host cell, and the recombinant cell is capable of producing isoprene
from at least one C1 compound selected from the group consisting of carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide, wherein a nucleic
acid encoding a group of exogenous enzymes acting in a mevalonate pathway is further introduced so that an isopentenyl diphosphate
synthesis ability by a mevalonate pathway is further imparted, and wherein the group of exogenous enzymes acting in a mevalonate
pathway comprises mevalonate kinase, mevalonate diphosphate decarboxylase, phosphomevalonate kinase, isopentenyl diphosphate
(IPP) isomerase, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase, and HMG-CoA synthase.

US Pat. No. 9,716,591

METHOD FOR SETTING UP A SECURE CONNECTION BETWEEN CLIENTS

Deutsche Post AG, Bonn (...

1. A method for authorising a second client to a server for a user account for setting up a secure connection between the
second client and a first client, wherein the method comprises the steps of:
a) generating a random number by the first client,
b) displaying the random number by the first client,
c) generating a first hash value from the random number by the first client, wherein the first hash value comprises a symmetric
key, a password, and an initialisation vector,

d) generating, by the first client, a first data packet from a name of the user account, from a first public key of the first
client, and from a hash value of the first public key,

e) encrypting the first data packet by means of the symmetric key and the initialisation vector by the first client,
f) generating a second hash value from the password with use of the initialisation vector as salt by the first client,
g) transmitting the encrypted first data packet and the second hash value from the first client to the server,
h) receiving, by a second client, the name of the user account and the random number from an input means of the second client,
i) generating the first hash value from the random number received via input means by the second client, wherein the first
hash value comprises the symmetric key, the password, and the initialisation vector,

j) generating the second hash value from the password with use of the initialisation vector as salt by the second client,
k) transmitting the second hash value from the second client to the server,
l) comparing the second hash value obtained from the first client with the second hash value obtained from the second client
through the server and, if the values match, transmitting the encrypted first data packet through the server to the second
client,

m) decrypting the encrypted first data packet by means of the symmetric key and the initialisation vector by the second client
in order to obtain a decrypted name of the user account, a decrypted second public key, and a decrypted hash value of the
second public key,

n) comparing, by the second client, the decrypted name of the user account with the name of the user account received via
input means, the decrypted public key with the first public key of the first client, and/or the decrypted hash value with
the hash value of the first public key of the first client and, if the values match, authorising the second client to the
server.

US Pat. No. 9,389,177

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR ANALYSIS OF A FLUID BY MEANS OF EVANESCENCE FIELD SPECTROSCOPY AND DIELECTROPHORESIS

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...

1. A device for analyzing a fluid, comprising: an optical fiber, a source of electromagnetic radiation coupled to the optical
fiber on an entry side, and a detector coupled to the optical fiber on an exit side for detecting electromagnetic radiation,
wherein the optical fiber is arranged in contact with the fluid in at least certain sections between its entry side and its
exit side, wherein the device has an electrode arrangement, which is designed to generate an inhomogeneous electric field
in a direct environment of the optical fiber, suitable to exert a dielectrophoretic force on polarizable particles in the
fluid, which moves these particles towards or away from the optical fiber, wherein the electrode arrangement has a first electrode,
which is arranged on the surface of the optical fiber.
US Pat. No. 9,167,838

INFANT FORMULATION CONTAINING AN AROMA COMPOSITION FOR USE AS FRAGRANCE

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft z...

1. A nutraceutical composition for newborns or babies excluding whole human breast milk comprising,
an infant formula or infant food,
said infant formula or infant food including at least one odorant selected from the group consisting of methylpropanal, 1-hexen-3-one,
(Z)-1,5-octadien-3-one, nonanal, non-1-en-3-one, acetic acid, 3-methylthio propanal (methional), decanal, (Z)-non-2-enal,
3-isobutyl-2-methoxypyrazine, (E)-non-2-enal, linalool, (E,Z)-nona-2,6-dienal, (E,E)-octa-2,4-dienal, butanoic acid, phenylacetaldehyde,
2/3-methylbutanoic acid, pentanoic acid, 2-methoxyphenol (guaiacol), 2-phenylethanol, ?-ionone, trans-(4,5)-epoxy-(E)-dec-2-enal,
4-hydroxy -2,5-dimethyl-3(2H)-furanone, ?-nonalactone, ?-decalactone, 4-ethyloctanoic acid, ?-decalactone, 3-hydroxy-4,5-dimethyl-2(5H)-furanone
(sotolon), 2-aminoacetophenone, (Z)-6-?-dodecenolactone, 3-methylindole (skatol), phenylacetic acid, 5?-androst -16-en-3-one,
4,16-androstadien-3-one, 1,4-androstadien-3,17-dion and mixtures thereof;

at least one compound selected from the group consisting of hexanoic acid, heptanoic acid, octanoic acid, nonanoic acid, decanoic
acid, 3-methyl-2-hexenoic acid, ?-octalactone, ?-octalactone, ?-nonalactone, ?-dodecalactone, 4,16-androstadien -3-one, 1,4-androstadien-3,17-dione,
ethyl isobutanoate, ethyl butanoate, ethyl 2-methyl butanoate, ethyl 3-methylbutanoate, ethyl hexanoate, and ethyl octanoate;
and

an odorant selected from the group consisting of 5?-androst-16-en-3-one, 4,16-androstadien-3-one, and 1,4androstadien-3,17-dione.
US Pat. No. 9,193,986

METHOD FOR MARKING OR IMMOBILISING A TARGET STRUCTURE

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...

1. A method for marking a target structure, comprising the following steps:
a) providing a compound V that includes at least one dihydroxy- or trihydroxyphenyl group,
b) providing an enzyme for converting the dihydroxy- or trihydroxyphenyl group to a quinone group,
c) providing the target structure being a biological target structure,
d) oxidizing with said enzyme the dihydroxy- or trihydroxyphenyl group of the compound V to the quinone group, and
e) contacting the compound V with the biological target structure for marking thereof, so that a covalent bond can be formed,
wherein in step e) the compound V is used in a concentration such that the maximum concentration of dihydroxy-, trihydroxyphenyl
groups and quinone groups that were introduced by the compound V is ?500 ?M, preferably ?300 ?M, and more preferably ?100
?M.

US Pat. No. 9,668,392

METHOD FOR PRODUCING A HOUSING ENCLOSING AT LEAST ONE COMPONENT UNDER PRE-TENSION

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...

1. A method for producing a housing at least partially enclosing at least one component comprising at least one of an actuator
or a sensor joined to or disposed in the housing and comprising a transformer material comprising:
repeating a sequence of steps with each step including deposition of a layer of material followed by solidification of the
layer of material;

interrupting the sequence of steps at least once prior to completion of the housing;
during the interruption, joining to or disposing in the housing at least one of an actuator and a sensor;
resuming the sequence of steps after the interruption to complete production of the housing; and
during the interruption of the sequence of steps or after the resuming of the sequence steps after the joining to or disposing
of the at least one actuator or sensor in the housing heating or cooling at least part of the housing to initiate a thermomechanical
shrinking of the housing to exert pre-tensioning on the at least one actuator or sensor within the housing after the production
is complete.

US Pat. No. 9,429,210

DEVICE FOR TRANSMITTING OR DECOUPLING MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...

1. A device for transmitting or decoupling mechanical vibrations, comprising:
a first component and a second component which are spaced apart and are rotatable about an axis of relative rotation of the
first and second components and at least one of the first and the second components is free to vibrate in a direction parallel
to the axis;

a planar coupling element having a planar top surface and a planar bottom surface;
at least two spaced apart first contacting agents which are attached to the first component and contact at least one of the
top surface and the bottom surface of the planar coupling element; and

at least two spaced apart second contacting agents which are attached to the second component and contact at least one of
the top surface and the bottom surface of the planar coupling element; and wherein

the vibrations of one of the first component and the second components which is free to vibrate acting in a direction parallel
to the axis are adjusted by relative rotation of the first and second components about the axis.

US Pat. No. 9,583,827

MILLIMETER-WAVE RADAR

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...

1. A millimeter-wave radar device (1) comprising at least one millimeter-wave circuit (6, 6?) and at least one antenna (7, 7?) embodied as an edge-emitting antenna of high band width, the millimeter-wave radar device (1) is embodied in a modular form comprising a multilayered multipolymer circuit board (2), which includes at least one first layer (3) made from a polymer material with a low dielectric loss factor and the antenna (7, 7?) is embedded in the first layer as a diaphragm, at least one second layer (4) made from a polymer material with higher strength than the at least one first layer and the at least one second layer (4) has a tensile strength of at least 280 MPa, which stabilizes the multipolymer circuit board (2), and a metallization layer (5), which is arranged between the first layer (3) and the second layer (4) and serves for shielding and for signal carrying, and the multipolymer circuit board (2) carries the at least one millimeter-wave circuit (6, 6?) and the at least one antenna (7, 7?).

US Pat. No. 9,328,010

METHOD FOR STRUCTURING A FLAT SUBSTRATE COMPOSED OF GLASS-TYPE MATERIAL, AND OPTICAL COMPONENT

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...

1. A method for structuring a flat substrate comprising a glass material during a viscous flow process in which a glass flat
substrate is joined to a surface of another flat substrate which has at least one depression bounded by a circumferential
edge located in the surface and during a subsequent tempering process in which the glass material is changed to a viscous
free-flowing state in which at least proportions of the free-flowing glass material of the glass flat substrate flows over
the circumferential edge into the depression in the other flat substrate, comprising:
providing the other flat substrate so that in at least one depression at least one wetting surface is present that is countersunk
with respect to the surface of the other flat substrate and is at least partly bounded by another edge which, at the same
time, is an edge of a trench provided within the depression and countersunk with respect to the wetting surface;

carrying out the tempering process so that the free-flowing glass material of the glass flat substrate is brought into contact
with the wetting surface so that a wetting front forms along the another edge; and

ending the tempering process after the formation of a surface of the glass material, which extends between the wetting front
and the circumferential edge without contact with the other flat substrate and that encloses a cavity within a sub-region
of the depression.

US Pat. No. 9,045,739

IMMUNOKINASES

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft Z...

1. A synthetic, soluble complex comprising at least one component A and at least one component B,
whereby component A comprises an scFv that binds to a Cluster of Differentiation antigen (CD) that internalizes upon binding
of component A of said complex, and

component B comprises death-associated protein kinase 2 (DAPK2) and has a constitutive catalytic kinase activity to affect
cell biosynthesis and/or signaling,

wherein the complex comprises residues 1-573 of amino acid sequence SEQ ID NO: 2 or residues 1-576 of SEQ ID NO: 4.

US Pat. No. 9,880,446

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SHORT RADIATION PULSES

FRIEDRICH-SCHILLER-UNIVER...

1. An apparatus for producing short radiation pulses, comprising at least:
a pump radiation source for outputting pulsed radiation at a pump wavelength, and
an optical resonator having a wavelength-dependent effective resonator length, wherein the optical resonator comprises:
a non-linear wavelength converter for producing radiation with at least a first wavelength and a second wavelength;
a dispersive element having a wavelength-dependent delay characteristic; and
a coupling-out element for at least partially coupling-out the radiation produced by the optical resonator,
wherein the dispersive element is an optical fiber having a dispersion of 10 ps/nm to 100 ps/nm and a length of 10 m to 1000
m,

further wherein the optical resonator comprises a variable delay line for altering the effective resonator length.
US Pat. No. 9,098,000

PROCESS OF MAKING A THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE ON A SUPPORT STRUCTURE

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...

1. A process for producing a three-dimensional structure on a support structure, wherein polymer particles are applied to
a support structure by an electrophotographic process, said polymer particles comprising a polymer matrix having a coating
of an inorganic semimetal oxide or metal oxide, wherein the polymer matrix has at least one first functional group A and at
least one second functional group B, both functional groups A and B being able to enter into at least one covalent bond with
one another, said functional group A being selected from the group consisting of an azide group, C —C double bond, C —C triple
bond, aldehyde group, ketone group, imine group, thioketone group and thiol group, and said functional group B being selected
from the group consisting of a C —C double bond, C —C triple bond, C —N triple bond, diene group, thiol group and amine group,
and wherein the functional groups A and B conduct a ring closure reaction with one another, and wherein,
i) when the functional group A is an azide group, the functional group B is a C —C double bond, C —C triple bond or C —N triple
bond,

ii) when the functional group A is a C —C double bond or C —C triple bond, the functional group B is a C —C double bond or
C —C triple bond,

iii) when the functional group A is a C —C double bond or C —C triple bond, the functional group B is a diene group or
iv) when the functional group A is selected from the group consisting of an aldehyde group, ketone group, imine group and
thioketone group, the functional group B is a diene group, such that a three-dimensional structure with support structure
is obtained.

US Pat. No. 9,278,352

MICROFLUIDIC CHIP COMPRISING SEVERAL CYLINDER-PISTON ARRANGEMENTS

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...

1. A microfluidic arrangement comprising:
a substrate in which a microfluidic structure is formed, the latter having a plurality of parallel adjacent channels each
having an open top side, and at least one common supply line, into which one end of the adjacent channels open, wherein a
portion of each of the adjacent channels forms a cylinder section of a cylinder/piston arrangement, with the other end of
the adjacent channels forming an aperture sized to receive a piston;

a plurality of elongate pistons each associated with one of the plurality of channels and having a cross sectional area significantly
less than the associated channel, wherein the pistons each have a free end which extends through the aperture into the cylinder
section of one of the channels;

a cover cooperating with the top side of the substrate and configured to sealingly isolate the parallel adjacent channels
from the outside environment;

and a sealing arrangement, which is stationary relative to the substrate, for sealing each of the pistons in an associated
cylinder adjacent a second end of the channel;

wherein the pistons are configured to move axially through the sealing arrangement, enabling the free end to move into or
out of the cylinder section; and

wherein the sealing arrangement comprises a continuous seal element which spans the plurality of adjacent channels and seals
a plurality of the pistons.

US Pat. No. 9,421,859

FIBER COMPOSITE WHEEL WITH ELECTRIC MOTOR AND DAMPING

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft z...

1. A wheel body comprising:
a rim body that includes:
a rim portion configured to receive a tire; and
a spoke portion configured to carry the rim portion on a bearing for rotatably mounting the rim body on a wheel axle;
a motor receiving body configured to receive an electric motor for driving the wheel body, the electric motor having an inner
stationary part and an outer rotating part, the motor receiving body including;

an outer receiving portion configured to receive and be fixed to the outer rotating part of the electric motor; and
a transmission portion coupled to the outer receiving portion and configured to transmit a torque acting on the receiving
portion to the spoke portion for driving the wheel body, the transmission portion being spaced apart from the spoke portion
of the rim body in a first direction that is substantially parallel to the axis of rotation; and

a connecting region that connects the transmission portion of the motor receiving body to the spoke portion of the rim body,
the outer receiving portion being spaced apart from the rim portion in a second direction that is substantially perpendicular
to the axis of rotation.

US Pat. No. 9,634,630

AMPLIFIER

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...

1. An amplifier with an input and an output, comprising a first amplifier stage and a second amplifier stage, the first amplifier
stage includes an active power splitter with at least one injection point that corresponds to the input of the amplifier,
and at least two discharge points, the active power splitter is formed according to a traveling wave amplifier principle,
and the second amplifier stage has at least two injection points and at least one discharge point, the discharge point corresponds
to the output of the amplifier, and the second amplifier stage is formed as a power coupler that operates according to a reactively
matched amplifier principle.

US Pat. No. 9,435,740

METHOD FOR MEASURING A SEMICONDUCTOR STRUCTURE, WHICH IS A SOLAR CELL OR A PRECURSOR OF A SOLAR CELL

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...

1. A method for measuring a semiconductor structure, which comprises an emitter and a base; wherein the semiconductor is a
solar cell or a precursor of a solar cell, the method comprising the following steps:
(A) creating luminescence radiation by a planar impingement of the semiconductor structure with an excitation radiation on
the semiconductor structure and spatially resolved measurements of the luminescence radiation emitted by the semiconductor
structure, with a first measurement being performed, via a camera, at a first measuring condition (a) and depending at least
on the measurements yielded from the first measurement, generating a first spatially resolved, voltage-calibrated image Va(xi) for a multitude of spatial points xi of the solar cell from the measurements yielded in step A, and

(B) using a processing unit to determine spatially resolved features of the semiconductor structure with regards to at least
one of a spatially resolved dark saturation current j0(xi), a spatially resolved resistance of an emitter layer ?(xi), or a spatially resolved local series resistance Rs(xi) for the multitude of spatial points xi dependent at least on the first voltage-calibrated image Va(xi) determined in step A,

and additionally performing in step A, at least a second measurement at a second measurement condition (b) different from
the first measurement condition (a) and, depending at least on the measurements yielded from the second measurement,

generating a second spatially resolved, voltage calibrated image Vb(xi) for the multitude of spatial points xi from the measurements yielded in step A such that in step A in the two measurements

the first and second measuring conditions (a and b) of the first and second measurements are different with regards to at
least one of intensities, spectral compositions of the excitation radiation, or a predetermined external voltage Vext, by which the semiconductor structure is impinged via electric contacts, and

additionally for each of the first and second measuring conditions and b) a voltage-independent, spatially independent short-circuit
current density (jP,a, jP,b) of the current flowing under the respective measuring conditions with given short-circuit conditions is at least one of
predetermined or measured, and

in step B determination of the spatially resolved, electric features occurring at each of the spatial locations xi is dependent on at least the short-circuit current densities (jP,a, jP,b),

and a voltage-dependent, spatially dependent dark current density (jD,a(xi), jP,b(xi)) for each measurement condition occurs, with the dark current densities (jD,a(xi), jP,b(xi)) at least being dependent on the voltage-independent dark saturation current density (j0,(xi)) and the two voltages (Va(xi), Vb(xi)) resulting from the respective voltage images for the location xi, without relying on given values for at least one of: dark saturation current density; the resistance of the emitter layer;
or the series resistance as external input.

US Pat. No. 9,882,130

APPARATUS FOR PATTERNING AN ARTICLE

Cambridge Enterprise Limi...

1. An apparatus for patterning an article comprising a first layer of a first material, the apparatus comprising:
a thread;
at least one thread guide means for:
guiding the thread such that at least a portion of the thread engages with the article to remove at least part of the first
material of the first layer; and

guiding the thread so that the thread disengages from the article;
means for moving the thread relative to the at least one thread guide means; and
means for applying a solvent to the thread before the thread contacts the article, the first material being soluble in the
solvent.

US Pat. No. 9,793,179

METHOD FOR DETERMINING A BONDING CONNECTION IN A COMPONENT ARRANGEMENT AND TEST APPARATUS

Technische Universitat Be...

1. A Method for determining a bonding connection in a component arrangement, wherein the method comprises the following steps:
producing a bonding connection between a bonding section of a bonding wire and a metal contact point, where the bonding connection
is made on a circumferential surface of the bonding wire,

structuring an exposed area of the circumferential surface of the bonding wire, where the exposed area is on an opposing side
of the bonding wire from the bonding connection on the bonding section of the bonding wire, and

determining the bonding connection, wherein in this
a test voltage is applied to the bonding wire and the bonding connection, so that the bonding connection heats up owing to
the current flow,

generating a thermogram for the heated bonding connection and
determining whether the bonding connection has been produced correctly by evaluating the thermogram.

US Pat. No. 9,663,693

METHOD FOR PRODUCING MULTILAYER ABRASIVE PARTICLES

KLINGSPOR AG, Haiger (DE...

1. A method for producing multilayer abrasive particles, said method comprising:
providing a substrate support and at least one dispersion of an abrasive particle precursor;
positioning at least one grid structure above the substrate support, said at least one grid structure covering areas being
defined by at least partially covered grid meshes and printing areas being defined by open grid meshes;

applying the at least one dispersion onto the grid structure to form a contact between the grid structure and the substrate
support or layers arranged on the substrate support;

depositing a dispersion layer in the printing areas on the substrate support or on the layers previously arranged on the substrate
support when the contact is lifted; and

subsequently drying each deposited dispersion layer to form a layer, wherein closed hollow bodies each having a shell made
of layers and a hollow space enclosed by the shell are produced, and a grid structure whose covering areas are each completely
surrounded by a printing area is used in at least one depositing process, and grid structures whose printing areas are each
completely surrounded by a cover area are used in a first and in a last depositing process.

US Pat. No. 10,090,528

CATHODE UNIT FOR AN ALKALINE METAL/SULFUR BATTERY HAVING AN OPTIMISED ARRESTER STRUCTURE

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...

1. A cathode unit for an alkali metal-sulfur battery, comprising:a cathode collector comprising a carbon substrate, wherein the carbon substrate comprises a braid or network of carbon nanotubes, and
an electrochemically active component which is selected from sulfur and an alkali metal sulfide and is in electrically conductive contact with the carbon substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,016,863

MACHINE ASSEMBLY, PRODUCTION MACHINE WITH MACHINE ASSEMBLY, USE AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING ROTATION COMPONENTS

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...

1. A machine assembly for use in a manufacturing machine, in particular in a horizontal orientation of an axis of rotation in a horizontal manufacturing machine, comprising:a fixture carrier;
a hollow shaft motor having a rotatable hollow shaft:
a workpiece fixture having a first side and a second side, the workpiece fixture being mounted on the fixture carrier; and
a first and a second tool holding fixture, wherein
the first tool holding fixture being arranged on the first side of the workpiece fixture and the second tool holding fixture being arranged on the second side of the workpiece fixture; and
wherein:
the workpiece fixture has a main spindle with an axis of rotation running from the first to the second side, the main spindle being configured for holding a workpiece along the axis of rotation, the main spindle having a rotatable hollow shaft configured to hold the workpiece in the interior thereof,
the rotatable hollow shaft is a part of the hollow shaft motor, and
the main spindle including on a side facing an interior of the rotatable hollow shaft at least one of a hydraulic and pneumatic radially feedable clamping means for securing the workpiece.

US Pat. No. 9,879,657

FREEZING-POINT-LOWERING COATING COMPOSED OF PLASTIC FILMS FOR APPLICATION TO ROTOR BLADES OF WIND TURBINES

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...

1. A method of coating a rotor blade to lower a freezing point of water on the rotor blade, the method comprising:
lowering the freezing point of water on the rotor blade by coating at least one surface of the rotor blade with a coating
selected from a group consisting of a first coating containing 15 to 75 atom-% fluorine and 25 to 85 atom-% further components
(each determined according to XPS analysis) and a second coating containing 25 to 29 atom-% silicon, 22 to 45 atom-% oxygen,
and 26 to 49 atom-% carbon (each determined according to XPS analysis), the coating having a structuring in a form of a dot
pattern or a line pattern.

US Pat. No. 9,752,814

COOLING APPARATUS USED FOR CRYONIC PRESERVATION, AND CORRESPONDING OPERATING METHOD

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...

19. An operating method for cooling equipment, said method comprising:
a) introducing a cooling agent from a cooling agent supply line into a non-recirculating cooling chamber for cooling cooled
material, the introducing step including spatially diffusing the cooling agent directly from the cooling agent supply line
into distinct channels for supply of the cooling agent to the non-recirculating cooling chamber via a diffuser of an antechamber
in fluid communication between the cooling agent supply line and the non-recirculating cooling chamber;

b) heating with a heater the cooling agent prior to the introducing step with an adjustable first heating performance;
c) measuring an agent temperature of the heated cooling agent prior to being supplied to the cooling chamber;
d) measuring of a chamber temperature in the non-recirculating cooling chamber; and
e) controlling the agent temperature and the chamber temperature in that both temperatures are detected as control variables,
including controlling the adjustment of a second heating performance of said cooling agent prior to heating in step b) as
another manipulated variable in addition to controlling of the first heating performance based on said measured agent temperature
and said measured chamber temperature;
wherein step e) includes the steps of:
detecting temperature in the cooling chamber as a first control variable and adjusting heating performance of an evaporator
in a cooling agent storage container that supplies the cooling agent to the cooling chamber as a first manipulated variable
based on the first control variable; and

detecting temperature of the cooling agent after leaving the cooling agent storage container and before entering the cooling
chamber as a second control variable and adjusting the heating in step b) as a second manipulated variable based on the second
control variable, wherein the heating is after the cooling agent storage container;

wherein the heater is between the evaporator and a first temperature sensor that detects temperature in the cooling chamber,
and the first temperature sensor controls the evaporator; and

wherein a second temperature sensor that detects temperature of the cooling agent after leaving the cooling agent storage
container and before entering the cooling chamber is between the evaporator and the first temperature sensor, and the second
temperature sensor controls the heater.

US Pat. No. 9,643,280

LASER PROCESSING APPARATUS

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A laser processing apparatus, comprising:
a laser generator that generates a laser beam;
a diffractive optical element (DOE) that divides the laser beam that is generated by the laser generator into a plurality
of sub-laser beams; and

a beam gap adjustor that adjusts a gap between neighboring ones of the plurality of sub-laser beams that are spaced-apart
from each other, wherein the beam gap adjustor comprises:

an anamorphic optical system that changes a gap between neighboring ones of the plurality of sub-laser beams in only one direction
that is perpendicular to a propagation direction of the sub-beams; and

a zoom optical system that changes a gap between neighboring ones the plurality of sub-laser beams in two different intersecting
directions that are both perpendicular to the propagation direction of the sub-beams, wherein the sub-laser beams output from
the anamorphic optical system are incident onto the zoom optical system.

US Pat. No. 9,622,471

COATING MATERIAL

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...

1. A medical product, comprising:
a) a medical product comprising a surface;
b) a biocide layer covering the surface, said biocide layer having a biocidal active agent in the form of single particles,
chains of particles, or both, and

c) a transport control layer covering the biocide layer, having a thickness and porosity adjusted to release an antimicrobial
and non-cytotoxic quantity of the biocidal active agent out of the biocide layer and through the transport control layer,

wherein the transport control layer is a plasma polymer layer and/or a sputter-applied layer and wherein the transport control
layer has a silicon content of 20 to 60%, a carbon content between 10 and 30% and an oxygen content of 30 to 50%, wherein
the transport control layer is hydrophilic, wherein the particles of the single particles or chains of particles have a mean
particle size of 5-100 nm.

US Pat. No. 9,584,048

ELECTROACTIVE ELASTOMER CONVERTER

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...

1. An electroactive elastomer converter comprising:
at least one electroactive elastomer layer having a top side and underside and an electrically conductive electrode body connected
in an area to the top side at least in regions, an electrically conductive electrode body connected in an area to the underside
at least in regions, at least one electrode body including an electrode surface facing the elastomer layer with at least one
opening including a two-dimensional region which is not bonded between the elastomer layer and the electrode body and into
which the elastomer penetrates upon application of pressure thereto into the at least one opening and the at least one opening
being bordered on one side by the elastomer layer with a gaseous compressible medium disposed in the at least one opening,
and wherein the at least one opening facing the elastomer layer has a concave shape providing at least one recess in the electrode
surface and each of the at least one recess and the elastomer layer encloses a gas-tight volume containing the gaseous compressible
medium.

US Pat. No. 9,410,925

CAPILLARY TUBES FOR ELECTROPHORESIS

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...

1. Chemical separation and analysis device for an analyte comprising a capillary electrophoresis unit which includes a plastic
capillary tube having an inlet opening and an outlet opening and, furthermore, has at least one hole in the capillary tube
wall and the diameter of the hole on the inside of the capillary tube wall dL(innen) lies in the range from 0.5 ?m to 30 ?m and is smaller than the diameter of the hole on the outside of the capillary tube wall
dL(au?en), the ratio of dL(innen) to dL(au?en) being in the range from ½ to 1/7.
US Pat. No. 9,968,715

METHOD FOR DEPOSITING COLOURED MARKERS MADE FROM TITANIUM OXIDES ON MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY PRODUCTS AND COATING SYSTEM FOR PRODUCING COATED MATERIALS

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...

1. A medical device, comprising on a surface thereof a colored marking in the form of a coating,wherein the coating, measured by means of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), comprises ?85 atomic percent (at. %) Ti, O and C, in each case based on the total number of all the atoms of the coating without H;
wherein the coating comprises an amorphous titanium dioxide; and
wherein the coating measured by means of XPS, comprises
O: from 55.0 at. % to 75 at. %
Ti: from 20 at. % to 44.5 at. %
C: from 0.05 to 15 at. %,
in each case based on the total number of all the atoms of the coating without H.

US Pat. No. 9,577,056

SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENT COMPRISING AT LEAST ONE CONTACT STRUCTURE FOR FEEDING IN AND/OR LEADING AWAY CHARGE CARRIERS

1. A semiconductor component, comprising at least one first contact structure (1, 2, 3, F.1, F.2, F.3) for at least one of feeding in or leading away charge carriers in relation to the semiconductor component, said first contact
structure (1, 2, 3, F.1, F.2, F.3) has at least one contact-making point (1a, 2a, 3a, F.1a) for electrically conductively connecting the first contact structure (1, 2, 3, F.1, F.2, F.3) to an external terminal, and
said first contact structure has at least one first-order branching point (1.1a, 1.1b, F.1.1.a, 2.1a, 2.1b, 3.1a, 3.1b) proceeding from the contact-making point, at said first-order branching point at least one first-order subsequent conduction
track (1.1A, 1.1B, F.1.1.A, 2.1A, 2.1B, 3.1A, 3.1B) branches off,

each said at least one first-order subsequent conduction track has at least one second-order branching point (1.2a, 1.2b, 2.2a, 2.2b, 3.2a, 3.2b), at said second-order branching point at least one second-order subsequent conduction track (1.2A, 1.2B, 2.2A, 2.2B, 3.2A, 3.2A?, 3.2B, 3.2B?) branches off,

wherein an electrical through-conduction resistance of each said second-order subsequent conduction track is higher than an
electrical through-conduction resistance of the first-order subsequent conduction track connected to said second-order subsequent
conduction track via an associated one of the second-order branching points, and at least one of the following conditions
is met:

(a) the through-conduction resistances of the subsequent conduction tracks are chosen such that during operation of the semiconductor
component an electrical conduction resistance power loss of each said second-order subsequent conduction track deviates by
less than 10% from an electrical conduction resistance power loss of the first-order subsequent conduction track connected
to said second-order subsequent conduction track via the associated second-order branching point, and an average electrical
conduction resistance power losses of the conduction tracks deviate from one another by less than 10%, or

(b) the through-conduction resistances of the subsequent conduction tracks are chosen such that during operation of the semiconductor
component a current density of each said second-order subsequent conduction track deviates by less than 10% from a current
density of the first-order subsequent conduction track connected to said second-order subsequent conduction track via the
associated second-order branching point, and the average electrical conduction resistance power losses of the subsequent conduction
tracks deviate from one another by less than 10%.

US Pat. No. 9,991,486

ION-CONDUCTING SOLID-STATE SEPARATOR

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...

1. Solid-state separator for electrochemical systems, the solid-state separator comprising a plurality of ion-conducting solid-state segments, and individual solid-state segments are connected by means of a deformable, electrically insulating material present between joints and/or guides of the ion-conducting solid state segments ensuring adhesion and providing flexibilty, wherein the ion-conducting solid-state segments are thin plate-shaped segments selected from the group consisting of a glass ceramic formed from Li2O—Al2O3—SiO2—P2O5—TiO2—GeO2, ?-aluminum oxide, Cu16Rb4I7Cl13, La0.95Sr0.05F2.95, LaF3, Ag4Rbl5, Li1.3Al0.3Ti1.7(PO4)3, Li0.34La0.51TiO2.94, NA1+xZr2SixP3?xO12 with 0

US Pat. No. 10,040,724

CERAMIC COMPOSITE AND METHOD TO PREPARE THE COMPOSITE

University of the Witwate...

1. A carbide ceramic matrix composite comprising:a carbon fibre reinforced carbon matrix;
silicon carbide; and
two or more transition metal carbides, wherein the two or more transition metal carbides include transition metals selected from the group consisting of titanium, zirconium, hafnium, vanadium, niobium, tantalum, chromium, molybdenum, and tungsten.

US Pat. No. 10,115,803

FIELD-EFFECT TRANSISTOR AND METHOD FOR THE FABRICATION THEREOF

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft z...

1. Field-effect transistor having at least one channel layer, said channel layer comprising a group-III-nitride compound semiconductor, wherein the field-effect transistor comprises at least one source electrode and at least one drain electrode, with the at least one source electrode and the at least one drain electrode each having at least one contact, with the at least one contact having a same or smaller depth than the channel layer;said source electrode and drain electrode comprising at least one doped region extending from the same surface into the at least one channel layer, wherein the depth of penetration of said doped region is selected from approximately 10 nm to approximately 200 nm, and a depth of penetration is equal or smaller than a channel depth, and the gradient of the dopant concentration at the lower interface between the channel layer and the doped region is smaller than 14 nm/decade.

US Pat. No. 10,176,581

IMAGE REGISTRATION METHOD AND APPARATUS

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. An image registration method comprising:determining a target plane according to a location of an optical center of each camera in a planar camera array without adjusting a location of each camera in the planar camera array;
orthogonally projecting the optical center of each of the cameras in the planar camera array onto the target plane along a projected line from the optical center of each camera to the target plane to obtain a projected point of the optical center of each of the cameras, wherein the projected point is an intersecting point of the projected line and the target plane;
generating a rectangular grid on the target plane according to the projected points of the optical centers of the cameras in the planar camera array, wherein a quantity of rows of the rectangular grid is the same as a quantity of rows of the planar camera array, and a quantity of columns of the rectangular grid is the same as a quantity of columns of the planar camera array;
obtaining a target grid point of each of the cameras according to the rectangular grid, wherein the target grid point of each of the cameras is a grid point that is among grid points of the rectangular grid and is nearest to the projected point of the optical center of each of the cameras;
determining a target camera coordinate system of each of the cameras by using the target grid point of each of the cameras as an origin; and
registering, according to spatial location relationships between current camera coordinate systems and the target camera coordinate systems in the cameras in the planar camera array, images collected by the cameras in the planar camera array.

US Pat. No. 9,900,063

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PROVIDING GENERIC HIERARCHICAL PRECODING CODEBOOKS

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A base band unit (BBU), which is provided in a cluster of transmission nodes (TNs) of neighbouring cells of a wireless
cellular heterogeneous network,
wherein the BBU is a coordinating BBU of the cluster of TNs and the BBU comprises:
a processor and a non-transitory, processor readable memory storing instructions for execution by the processor such that,
when the processor executes the instructions, the processor is configured to select an operation mode (OM) used for a registered
user equipment (UE) according to at least one of the following: (a) a calculated signal quality metric of a reception signal
at the registered UE and (b) reception signals of other UEs registered with a TN of the cluster of TNs; and

a memory for storing generic hierarchical precoding codebooks (CBs), each CB comprising a cluster of precoding matrices (PMs),
and the cluster of PMs describes active TNs within the cluster of TNs,

wherein the cluster of PMs is formatted as a N×M matrix, where N is the number of TNs in the cluster of TNs and M is the number
of supported global spatial layers in the cluster of TNs, with M being less than or equal to N.

US Pat. No. 10,196,286

METHOD FOR REMOVING FLUORINATED ORGANIC COMPOUNDS FROM CONTAMINATED FLUIDS, AND ADSORBENT COMPONENT AND ADSORBENT KIT USED THEREFOR

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft z...

2. A method for separation of fluorinated organic compounds from contaminated fluids by means of an adsorbent component comprising the following steps:providing the adsorbent component, wherein the adsorbent component is a chemical compound comprising a lipophilic group and a hydrophilic group, or the adsorbent component comprises the chemical compound in dissolved form, wherein the hydrophilic group includes at least one cationic group,
wherein the lipophilic group is selected from among alkyl groups comprising at least one octylene unit, aryl groups, or aralkyl groups, andwherein the at least one cationic group comprises an amine, an organic substituted ammonium, an organic substituted phosphonium, or a metal complex;bringing the contaminated fluid into contact with the adsorbent component, wherein the contaminated fluid includes the adsorbent component at least partially in dissolved form; and
separating the adsorbent component with an amount of adsorbed fluorinated organic compounds from the contaminated fluid.

US Pat. No. 10,516,516

PRECODING INFORMATION OBTAINING METHOD, AND DEVICE

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A precoding information obtaining method, comprising:receiving, by a terminal device in any one of W resource block (RB) groups, a precoded pilot group sent by a network device, wherein the precoded pilot group is obtained by precoding, by the network device using any one of N sub-codebooks, a pilot group comprising K pilots, the sub-codebooks are subsets of a precoding codebook, the precoding codebook comprises M precoding vectors, each sub-codebook comprises K precoding vectors, K is a positive integer, N and M are integers greater than 1, M is greater than K, and W is a positive integer;
feeding back, by the terminal device, precoding information of the precoded pilot group to the network device according to the precoded pilot group, wherein the precoding information of the precoded pilot group comprises a pilot index, and the pilot index is an index of a precoded pilot in K precoded pilots comprised in the precoded pilot group; and
determining the precoded pilot in the K precoded pilots comprised in the precoded pilot group by:
determining, by the terminal device according to the K precoded pilots comprised in the received precoded pilot group, K equivalent channel values corresponding to the K precoded pilots, wherein an equivalent channel value is a ratio of a precoded pilot received by the terminal device to a to-be-precoded pilot;
determining, by the terminal device, a maximum value in the K equivalent channel values; and
determining, by the terminal device, that a precoded pilot corresponding to the maximum value is a precoded pilot in the K precoded pilots comprised in the precoded pilot group.

US Pat. No. 10,281,647

OPTICAL WAVEGUIDE

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft z...

1. An optical waveguide system, said optical waveguide system comprising:a splitting element, which splits an input beam (E) into at least two spatially separate partial beams, at least one optical waveguide with at least two core regions through which the partial beams propagate, wherein each core region guides a respective partial beam, and at least one combining element that spatially superposes the partial beams in one output beam (A);
wherein said at least two core regions, when viewed in a cross section of the optical waveguide, are spaced apart from one another and arranged at least alongside and over one another; and
wherein at least one core region extends along a longitudinal extent of the optical waveguide, and with a first jacket which, when viewed in the cross section of the optical waveguide, surrounds the core region, wherein the optical waveguide further comprises a crystalline material at least in the core region.

US Pat. No. 10,062,900

CATHODE FOR LITHIUM-CONTAINING BATTERIES AND SOLVENT-FREE METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION THEREOF

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...

1. A process for producing a cathode foil of a lithium-containing battery, comprising:(i) providing a dry, solvent-free composition which comprises polytetrafluoroethylene, an electrically conductive, electrochemically inactive carbon material, and an electrochemically active cathode material,
(ii) forming at least partially fibrillated polytetrafluoroethylene by action of shear forces on the dry, solvent-free composition to give a fibrillated composition, and
(iii) forming of the fibrillated composition to give a cathode foil;
wherein the lithium-containing battery is a lithium-sulfur battery and the electrochemically active cathode material is present in the cathode foil in an amount of from 40% by weight to 90% by weight.

US Pat. No. 10,252,014

DEVICE AND SYSTEM FOR DELIVERY OF AN AEROSOL TO A PATIENT ON VENTILATORY SUPPORT

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...

1. A device for connection of the airways of a child, infant, neonate or pre-term neonate patient on ventilatory support with a source of a breathing gas and a source of an aerosolized powder, said device comprisinga contact component adapted to be positioned in contact with the airways, the contact component comprising:
two first tubes each comprising a first lumen or lumens through which breathing gas and aerosolized powder can be delivered to the airways of the patient;
a second lumen which is in fluid connection with the first lumen or lumens of the two first tubes and having a longitudinal axis extending substantially perpendicularly to longitudinal axis or axes of the first lumen or lumens;
and
a second tube leading from the source of the aerosolized powder to a first port connected to the second lumen in the contact component through which the aerosolized powder can be introduced into said second lumen, and arranged such that the aerosolized powder and the breathing gas can be mixed in the second lumen;
the device being characterized by a third lumen being connected to a device for generating a flow of breathing gas, wherein the second lumen is positioned proximal to, and is in fluid connection with, said third lumen, through a second port wherein the first port is configured to introduce the aerosol into said second lumen essentially perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the two first tubes or one of the two first tubes into said second lumen, and wherein the second port is configured to introduce the breathing gas into said second lumen essentially parallel to said longitudinal axis of the two first tubes or one of the two first tubes into said second lumen.
US Pat. No. 10,259,829

BIODEGRADABLE HYBRID POLYMERS USABLE IN MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY OR IN BIOLOGY, STARTING SILANES THEREFOR, AND PREPARATION PROCESS THEREFOR AND USES THEREOF

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...

1. A silane or silane blend, obtainable by reaction of a hydrolyzable silane represented by the formula (A)SiR4  (A),
wherein R is a hydrolytically condensable group or hydroxy,
with a compound R*(OH)x,
wherein x is 1, 2, 3 or larger than 3, R* is a straight-chain or branched hydrocarbon skeleton which is monovalent, divalent, trivalent or multivalent, depending on the number of x, and which has a hydrocarbon-containing chain interrupted by at least two —C(O)O— groups,
wherein in the individual hydrocarbon units formed by interruptions, up to 8 carbon atoms succeed each other, and the end or, in case of branched structures, at least one end of the hydrocarbon-containing chain remote from the only hydroxyl group or of one of the hydroxyl groups, carries an organically polymerizable group, wherein the compound R*(OH)x is otherwise unsubstituted or comprises further substituents, and
wherein each of the OH groups of the compound R*(OH)x is an alcohol group or a part of a carboxylic acid group, wherein compounds R*(OH)x with x>1 can contain alcohol groups and carboxylic acid groups or can be polyalcohols or polycarboxylic acids.

US Pat. No. 10,436,985

COATING OF OPTICAL WAVEGUIDES

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...

1. Method for producing an optical waveguide (1), a surface of which is at least partly coated with a coating material, said coating material contained in a target (4) being evaporated by means of laser radiation (6) from a process laser whereupon the coating material deposits on the surface of the optical waveguide (1) and forms a coating thereon modifying the light guidance, wherein the optical waveguide (1) is moved either continuously or intermittently in its longitudinal axis relative to the target (4) so that the coating is formed on a cladding section with a pre-definable longitudinal extension, wherein the laser radiation impinges on the target and is partly reflected from the target (4), wherein the reflected laser radiation (7) impinges on the surface of the optical waveguide and heats-up the optical waveguide (1), said laser radiation (6) being polarized and impinging on the target (4) at a specified angle (?) between 10° and 80° relative to the surface normal,wherein the process laser initially emits continuously at a lower performance rate in order to heat-up the optical waveguide (1), after which the process laser emits in a pulsed mode at a higher performance rate in order to remove the coating material or to convert it into a different aggregate state.
US Pat. No. 10,219,879

LITHIUM DISILICATE GLASS-CERAMIC, METHOD FOR PRODUCTION THEREOF AND USE THEREOF

DEGUDENT GMBH, Hanau (DE...

1. A lithium silicate glass ceramic comprising at least 10 wt. % ZrO2 and having a main crystal phase, wherein said main crystal phase is selected from the group consisting of lithium metasilicate crystal and lithium disilicate crystal.
US Pat. No. 10,377,987

METHOD FOR PRODUCING A LEUKOCYTE PREPARATION

Artcline GmbH, Rostock (...

1. A method for preparing a leukocyte preparation from a leukocyte fraction, the method comprising:a) sedimenting the leukocyte fraction until a dividing line has formed between the sedimented erythrocytes and a leukocyte supernatant, removing the leukocyte supernatant from the sediment, wherein the leukocyte supernatant is collected or remains in a leukocyte container;
b) sedimenting the leukocytes in the leukocyte container, wherein a low-leukocyte supernatant is formed, and removing the low-leukocyte supernatant from the leukocyte container;
c) washing the sediment in the leukocyte container with a saline solution, wherein the sedimented cells are resuspended in the saline solution, the solution is sedimented and a resulting supernatant is removed;
d) resuspending the sediment in the leukocyte container in a storage solution; and
e) storing the solution from step d) in a gas-permeable bag at a temperature between 20° C. and 25° C. for at least 48 hours.

US Pat. No. 10,283,630

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft Z...

1. A semiconductor component comprising at least one field effect transistor, said transistor comprising at leasta back barrier layer,
a buried layer arranged on the back barrier layer,
a channel layer arranged on the buried layer,
a barrier layer arranged on the channel layer, and
a gate layer arranged on the barrier layer,
wherein the barrier layer comprises AlzGa1-zN, the buried layer comprises AlxGa1-xN and at least one dopant causing a p-type conductivity, the gate layer comprises any of GaN and/or AluInvGa1-v-uN, and a charge carrier density at an interface between the channel layer and the barrier layer is higher than approximately 5·1012 cm?2.
US Pat. No. 10,357,751

POLYMER MICELLES CONTAINING NANOPARTICLES IN NON-AQUEOUS SOLUTION, METHODS FOR THEIR PREPARATION AND USE

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...

1. A method, comprising: providing a composition comprising at least one micelle encapsulating one or more nanoparticle(s) in a non-aqueous solution, wherein the micelle comprises a cross-linked hydrophilic shell, wherein the cross-linking of the micelle is enabled using thiol-ene click chemistry, and wherein the encapsulation and cross-linking are performed under completely anhydrous conditions.
US Pat. No. 10,299,472

COATING MATERIAL

BIO-GATE AG, Nurnberg (D...

1. A device having an antimicrobial and non-cytotoxic coating, comprising:a) a substrate comprising a surface, wherein:
(i) the substrate comprises a material selected from the group consisting of metal and plastic,
(ii) the substrate has a form selected from the group consisting of particles and fibers, or
(iii) both option (i) and option (ii);
b) a biocide layer covering the surface, said biocide layer having a biocidal active agent in the form of single particles, chains of particles, or both, and
c) a transport control layer covering the biocide layer, having a thickness and porosity adjusted to release an antimicrobial and non-cytotoxic quantity of the biocidal active agent out of the biocide layer and through the transport control layer,
wherein the transport control layer is a plasma polymer layer and/or a sputter-applied layer and wherein the transport control layer has a silicon content of 20 to 60%, a carbon content between 10 and 30% and an oxygen content of 30 to 50%, wherein the transport control layer is hydrophilic, wherein the particles of the single particles or chains of particles have a mean particle size of 5-100 nm.

US Pat. No. 10,283,821

BATTERY AND METHOD FOR OPERATING SAME

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft Z...

1. A battery having a battery housing and at least one battery cell and at least one fiber-optic sensor which has at least one waveguide including a core and a cladding surrounding the core, at least one first fiber Bragg grating being introduced in the core, which is mechanically coupled to the battery housing and/or the battery cell in order to detect a size change in the battery housing and/or the battery cell, wherein at least one second fiber Bragg grating is introduced in the core, the second fiber Bragg grating being mechanically decoupled from the battery housing and the battery cell, the waveguide having a longitudinal portion containing the second fiber Bragg grating, said longitudinal portion provided with a fiber reinforcement.

US Pat. No. 10,613,105

COMPETITIVE IMMUNOASSAY TEST SYSTEM FOR DETECTING A PYROGEN

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...

13. A method for detecting at least one pyrogen contained in a liquid sample, the method comprising:i) providing a test system according to claim 1,
ii) bringing the liquid sample into contact with the assay carrier of the test system; and
iii) analyzing a color reaction provided by the first label of the at least one displaceable ligand when the liquid sample comprises a pyrogen that displaces the at least one displaceable ligand from the at least one pyrogen binding domain, and the at least one displaceable ligand binds to the at least one ligand capture protein.

US Pat. No. 10,737,088

DEVICE FOR PROVIDING A CONSTANT AMOUNT OF AEROSOL

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...

1. A device for providing an aerosol from an aerosolizable material, the device comprising:an aerosolization unit through which pressure pukes of a carrier gas are passed,
a reservoir comprising the aerosolizable material and which provides the aerosolizable material to the aerosolization unit where the aerosolizable material is entrained by the carrier gas,
a duckbill valve located between the reservoir and the aerosolization unit which opens towards the aerosolization unit and which is configured to be opened and closed by a pressure difference between the reservoir and the aerosolization unit and which provides, in an open state, the aerosolizable material to the aerosolization unit, wherein the aerosol is output from the aerosolization unit;
a force applying element fixedly connected to the duckbill valve to provide a mechanical force to a side surface of the duckbill valve;
an actuating element fixedly connected to the force applying element, wherein the force applying element and the actuating element are configured to cooperate together to apply a pulling force to the duckbill valve to actively open the duckbill valve and to apply a compression force in a direction opposite to the pulling force by which a preload can be applied to the duckbill valve which controls the opening degree of the duckbill valve when the duckbill valve is opened by a pressure pulse.

US Pat. No. 10,749,310

MOPA LASER SYSTEM WITH BACK REFLECTION PROTECTION

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft Z...

1. A laser system comprising at least one laser oscillator (MO), wherein said laser oscillator generates laser radiation at an emission wavelength (?0), and at least one optical amplifier (PA) downstream of the laser oscillator (MO) in the propagation direction of the laser radiation, wherein said optical amplifier amplifies the laser radiation and thereby spectrally broadens it to a useful bandwidth (??), wherein said laser system further comprises:an optical bandpass filter (BPF) arranged between said laser oscillator (MO) and said optical amplifier (PA), wherein said optical bandpass filter is transparent to laser radiation at the emission wavelength (?0), and a spectral passband of the optical bandpass filter is smaller than the useful bandwidth (??),
wherein those spectral components of the returning, that is, counter to the propagation direction, laser radiation impinging on the bandpass filter (BPF), which, in terms of wavelength, lie outside the passband, are reflected at the bandpass filter (BPF) in the propagation direction.

US Pat. No. 10,808,330

PROCESS FOR METALLIZING A COMPONENT

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...

1. A process for producing one or more electrical contacts on a component having a front side and a back side, comprising the following steps:(a) applying one or more coatings on the front side and/or back side of the component to obtain a coated component, where at least one of the coatings is a coating of an electrically conductive material,
(b) applying a self-passivating metal or semiconductor on the coated component to obtain a passivating coating,
(c) treating defined regions of the passivating coating with a laser or by etching to obtain a structured coating,
(d) contacting the structured coating with an electroplating bath, wherein a metal is galvanically deposited in the regions treated with the laser or the etching medium,
(e) etching the regions not covered with the galvanically deposited metal until the front side and/or back side of the component has been exposed in these regions.

US Pat. No. 10,955,384

ARRANGEMENT AND METHOD FOR INFLUENCING AND/OR DETECTING A DYNAMIC OR STATIC PROPERTY OF A SUPPORT STRUCTURE

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...

1. An arrangement for at least one of influencing or detecting a dynamic or static property of a support structure having a support structure surface, with at least one planar first actuator, that includes at least one of an electrically or a magnetically activated transducer, and a fiber composite joining the at least one planar first actuator in a plane to the support structure surface, which has at least a first fiber layer and a curable matrix,the first fiber layer
a) at least partially covers the at least one planar first actuator resting on the support structure surface;
b) protrudes beyond the at least one first actuator on both sides along at least a spatial direction running parallel to the support structure surface; and
c) the curable matrix permanently adhering to at least areas of the support structure surface at least in regions protruding beyond the first actuator; and wherein
the arrangement comprises:
a second layer, including at least one second actuator and a second fiber layer which is permanently joined in a plane to the first fiber layer covering the at least one planar first actuator; and wherein
the second fiber layer at least partially covers the at least one second actuator, protrudes on both sides thereof beyond both of the at least one second actuator and the first fiber layer at least in a spatial direction extending parallel to the support structure surface; and
the curable matrix at least in regions adheres permanently directly to the support structure surface in areas protruding beyond the at least one second actuator and the first fiber layer.
US Pat. No. 10,982,910

HEAT EXCHANGER AND METHOD FOR USE THEREOF

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft Z...

1. A heat exchanger having at least one sorption duct, in which a sorbent is arranged and through which a fluid can flow, wherein the heat exchanger also contains at least one catalyst, by means of which a fuel can be reacted exothermically such that at least some of the resulting heat can be supplied to the sorbent.

US Pat. No. 11,114,110

NOISE ATTENUATION AT A DECODER

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft z...


1. A decoder for decoding a frequency-domain input signal defined in a bitstream, the frequency-domain input signal being subjected to noise, the decoder comprising:a bitstream reader to provide, from the bitstream, a version of the frequency-domain input signal as a sequence of frames, each frame being subdivided into a plurality of bins, each bin comprising a sampled value;
a context definer configured to define a context for one bin under process, the context comprising at least one additional bin in a predetermined positional relationship with the bin under process;
a statistical relationship and information estimator configured to provide:statistical relationships between the bin under process and the at least one additional bin, the statistical relationships being provided in form of covariances or correlations; and
information regarding the bin under process and the at least one additional bin, the information being provided in form of variances or autocorrelations,

wherein the statistical relationship and information estimator comprises a noise relationship and information estimator configured to provide statistical relationships and information regarding noise, wherein the statistical relationships and information regarding noise comprise a noise matrix (?N) estimating relationships among noise signals among the bin under process and the at least one additional bin;
a value estimator configured to process and acquire an estimate of the value of the bin under process on the basis of the estimated statistical relationships between the bin under process and the at least one additional bin and the information regarding the bin under process and the at least one additional bin, and the statistical relationships and information regarding noise, and
a transformer to transform the estimate into a time-domain signal.

US Pat. No. 10,947,605

METHOD FOR HYDROPHOBISING LEATHER, AND LEATHER PRODUCED BY MEANS OF SAME

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...

1. A method for hydrophobising leather, comprising the steps:providing tanned, partly dried leather in which bound water is retained and in which a content of free water is in the range of from 0 to 25 wt. %, based on the weight of the dried leather,
treating the leather with a mixture of compressed gas and a hydrophobising agent at a pressure of at least 30 bar in a pressure vessel, and
relieving the pressure of the pressure vessel to ambient pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,784,643

REDUCING THE PULSE REPETITION FREQUENCY OF A PULSED LASER SYSTEM

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft Z...

1. A method for generating a laser pulse train, comprising the following method steps:generating the laser pulse train at a pulse repetition frequency fPRF;
coupling the laser pulse train into an acousto-optical modulator, and
selecting individual laser pulses of the laser pulse train by driving the acousto-optical modulator with high-frequency pulses, wherein the high-frequency pulses are generated by modulating a high-frequency carrier signal with a periodic switching signal, wherein the high-frequency carrier signal generates an optical diffraction grating by refractive index modification passing through the acousto-optical modulator crystal, the following holds true for the frequency fHF of the carrier signal of the high-frequency pulses: fHF=(n/p)·fPRF, wherein n is an arbitrary natural number and p indicates the integral ratio between the pulse repetition frequency and the frequency of the switching signal, wherein the carrier signal is coupled to the laser pulse train in a phase-stable manner, and wherein, as a result, the position, of the diffraction grating in relation to the beam path of the laser pulse train is always the same for the laser pulses passing successively through the acousto-optical modulator crystal.

US Pat. No. 11,043,226

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR ENCODING AND DECODING AN AUDIO SIGNAL USING DOWNSAMPLING OR INTERPOLATION OF SCALE PARAMETERS

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft z...


1. An apparatus for encoding an audio signal, comprising:a converter for converting the audio signal into a spectral representation;
a scale parameter calculator for calculating a first set of scale parameters from the spectral representation:
a downsampler for downsampling the first set of scale parameters to acquire a second set of scale parameters, wherein a second number of scale parameters in the second set of scale parameters is lower than a first number of scale parameters in the first set of scale parameters;
a scale parameter encoder for generating an encoded representation of the second set of scale parameters;
a spectral processor for processing the spectral representation using a third set of scale parameters, the third set of scale parameters comprising a third number of scale parameters being greater than the second number of scale parameters, wherein the spectral processor is configured to use the first set of scale parameters or to derive the third set of scale parameters from the second set of scale parameters or from the encoded representation of the second set of scale parameters using an interpolation operation; and
an output interface for generating an encoded output signal comprising information on the encoded representation of the spectral representation and information on the encoded representation of the second set of scale parameters.

US Pat. No. 11,038,619

RADIO FREQUENCY COMMUNICATION AND JAMMING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR PHYSICALLY SECURED FRIENDLY RADIO FREQUENCY COMMUNICATION AND FOR JAMMING HOSTILE RADIO FREQUENCY COMMUNICATION

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft z...

1. A radio frequency communication and jamming device configured for physically securing friendly radio frequency communication and for jamming hostile radio frequency communication, the radio frequency communication and jamming device comprising:an antenna arrangement comprising a transmission section for transmitting outgoing signals and a receiving section for receiving incoming signals;
a receiver device configured for extracting an incoming information signal from the incoming signals received via the receiving section in a receiving frequency band;
a jamming generator configured for generating at least one jamming signal for jamming at least one jamming frequency band, wherein the at least one jamming signal is transmitted as one of the outgoing signals via the transmission section, and wherein the at least one jamming frequency band comprises the receiving frequency band; and
a self-interference cancellation device configured for cancelling portions of the at least one jamming signal in the incoming signals received via the receiving section at least in the receiving frequency band,
wherein the transmission section comprises a first radiation pattern control unit configured for adapting a radiation pattern for transmitting at least one outgoing information signal and/or a second radiation pattern control unit configured for adapting a radiation pattern for transmitting the at least one jamming signal.

US Pat. No. 11,056,024

SEAL AND SEALING METHOD

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft Z...


1. A seal, comprising a substrate, adapted to be applied to an object to be sealed, wherein the substrate comprises a polymer or a glass and the substrate accommodates at least one optical waveguide, said at least one optical waveguide comprising at least one first Bragg grating, the substrate having a thickness of less than 200 ?m, a length of more than 1 mm, and a width of more than 1 mm, and tampering with said seal results in a detectable change to the seal.