US Pat. No. 10,113,774

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONTROL OF FLUID TEMPERATURE AND FLOW

Forced Physics, LLC, Irv...

1. A system for cooling comprising:a micro channel comprising a specular wall portion, an inflow opening, and an outflow opening; and
a gas comprising a constituent particle, the gas being induced to flow through the micro channel through operation of a pressure differential between a first pressure and a second pressure, the first pressure of the gas proximal to the inflow opening being atmospheric pressure;
wherein the second pressure of the gas proximal to the outflow opening is less than the first pressure;
wherein the micro channel is configured to accommodate a flow of the gas from the inflow opening to the outflow opening in a first direction substantially perpendicular to a cross section of the micro channel;
wherein the inflow opening has a first cross section area and the outflow opening has a second cross section area substantially different from the first cross section area;
wherein the first cross section area has a value in a first range of about 0.01×10?12 m2 to 500×10?12 m2;
wherein the second cross section area has a value in a second range of about 0.1×10?12 m2 to 50,000×10?12 m2; and
wherein the specular wall portion and the constituent particle are configured such that a velocity component of the constituent particle parallel to the specular wall portion before a collision between the constituent particle and the specular wall portion has approximately the same value after the collision and further configured such that energy transfer between the specular wall portion and the constituent particle associated with the cooling of the specular wall portion occurs through an increase in a velocity component of the constituent particle perpendicular to the specular wall portion.

US Pat. No. 10,393,409

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR TEMPERATURE CONTROL

Forced Physics, LLC, Sco...

1. A system for cooling comprising:a micro channel layer; and
a gas, wherein the gas is air;
wherein the micro channel layer comprises:
a micro channel and an aligned micro channel, the micro channel layer comprising at least a first base, a second base, a first side, a second side, and a third side;
wherein the first base, the second base, the first side, and the second side are configured to form an inflow opening;
wherein the first base, the second base, the second side, and the third side are configured to form an aligned inflow opening and an aligned outflow opening;
wherein the inflow opening and the aligned inflow opening form a set of inflow openings;
wherein the outflow opening and the aligned outflow opening form a set of outflow openings;
wherein the gas is induced to flow through the micro channel and the aligned micro channel through operation of a pressure differential between a first pressure and a second pressure, the first pressure of the gas proximal to the set of inflow openings being atmospheric and the second pressure of the gas proximal to the set of outflow openings being less than atmospheric;
wherein the micro channel layer is configured to accommodate a flow of the gas from the set of inflow openings to the set of outflow openings in a first direction substantially perpendicular to a cross section of the micro channel layer;
wherein the first base and the second base are selected from a set of base materials consisting of: aluminum sheet metal, anodized aluminum, Teflon-coated aluminum, painted aluminum, copper sheet metal, graphene, and pyrolytic graphite;
wherein the first side, the second side, and the third side are selected from a set of side materials consisting of: aluminum foil, copper foil, graphene, and pyrolytic graphite;
wherein the first side has a thickness of approximately 15 ?m;
wherein the second side has a thickness of approximately 15 ?m; and
wherein the third side has a thickness of approximately 15 ?m, and wherein the micro channel layer is formed, in part, by providing the first side, the second side, and the third side on the first base such that a channel is formed between the first side and the second side and such that an aligned channel is formed between the second side and the third side, and by providing the second base on the first side, the second side, and the third side.

US Pat. No. 10,379,582

ASSEMBLY AND METHOD FOR COOLING

Forced Physics LLC, Scot...

1. An assembly for cooling comprising:a stack of alternating first blades and second blades;
wherein each first blade exhibits at least a first edge of the first blade, a beveled edge of the first blade, and a bend of the first blade, the bend of the first blade defining at least a first region of the first blade and a second region of the first blade;
wherein the first region of the first blade is substantially flat and bordered by a first perimeter, at least a first portion of the first perimeter being the first edge of the first blade, a second portion of the first perimeter being the beveled edge of the first blade, and a third portion of the first perimeter being the bend of the first blade;
wherein the first portion of the first perimeter is continuous with the second portion of the first perimeter, and the second portion of the first perimeter is continuous with the third portion of the first perimeter, such that the first portion of the first perimeter is substantially parallel to the third portion of the first perimeter, and the first portion of the first perimeter is separated from the parallel third portion of the first perimeter by a first distance;
wherein the bend of the first blade is configured to exhibit a first elevation value perpendicular to the first region of the first blade that is less than approximately one of a set of values consisting of: 0.5 mm, 0.45 mm, 0.4 mm, 0.39 mm, 0.38 mm, 0.37 mm 0.36 mm, 0.35 mm, 0.34 mm, 0.33 mm, 0.32 mm, 0.31 mm, 0.3 mm, 0.29 mm, 0.28 mm, 0.27 mm 0.26 mm, 0.25 mm, 0.24 mm, 0.23 mm, 0.22 mm, 0.21 mm, 0.2 mm, 0.19 mm, 0.18 mm, 0.17 mm 0.16 mm, 0.15 mm, 0.14 mm, 0.13 mm, 0.12 mm, 0.11 mm, 0.1 mm, 0.09 mm, 0.08 mm, 0.07 mm 0.06 mm, 0.05 mm, 0.04 mm, 0.03 mm, 0.02 mm, and 0.01 mm;
wherein each second blade exhibits at least a first edge of the second blade, a beveled edge of the second blade, and a bend of the second blade, the bend of the second blade defining at least a first region of the second blade and a second region of the second blade;
wherein the first region of the second blade is substantially flat and bordered by a second perimeter, at least a first portion of the second perimeter being the first edge of the second blade, a second portion of the second perimeter being the beveled edge of the second blade, and a third portion of the second perimeter being the bend of the second blade;
wherein the first portion of the second perimeter is continuous with the second portion of the second perimeter, and the second portion of the second perimeter is continuous with the third portion of the second perimeter, such that the first portion of the second perimeter is substantially parallel to the third portion of the second perimeter, and the first portion of the second perimeter is separated from the parallel third portion of the second perimeter by the first distance;
wherein the bend of the second blade is configured to exhibit a second elevation value perpendicular to the first region of the second blade that is approximately the first elevation value;
wherein the stack of alternating first blades and second blades is configured such that, for each first blade and an adjacent second blade, the first portion of the first perimeter of each first blade is aligned with the third portion of the second perimeter of the adjacent second blade; the second portion of the first perimeter of each first blade is aligned with the second portion of the second perimeter of the adjacent second blade; and the third portion of the first perimeter of each first blade is aligned with the first portion of the second perimeter of the adjacent second blade; the stack of alternating first blades and second blades forming a series of channels for a flow of gas.