US Pat. No. 9,340,931

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR IN-SITU CROSS LINKING OF POLYMERS, BITUMEN AND SIMILAR MATERIALS TO INCREASE STRENGTH, TOUGHNESS AND DURABILITY VIA IRRADIATION WITH ELECTRON BEAMS FROM MOBILE ACCELERATORS

Fermi Research Alliance, ...

1. A system for treating and strengthening a material filling a pothole, said system comprising:
a mobile unit;
at least one electron gun that emits a beam of electrons;
at least one electron accelerator integrated with the mobile unit and positioned to accelerate the beam of electrons; and
at least one beam extraction device comprising a scan coil that emits the accelerated beam of electrons, the at least one
beam extraction device positioned on the mobile unit to irradiate the surface of and treat in-situ, the material filling the
pothole, wherein irradiation of the material filling the pothole by the beam of electrons results in in-situ cross-linking
of the material filling the pothole and therefore a strengthening and increased durability of the material filling the pothole.

US Pat. No. 9,642,239

CONDUCTION COOLING SYSTEMS FOR LINEAR ACCELERATOR CAVITIES

Fermi Research Alliance, ...

1. A conduction cooling system for at least one linear accelerator cavity, said system comprising:
at least one cavity cooler operatively interconnecting said at least one linear accelerator cavity and a cooling connector,
wherein said at least one cavity cooler and said cooling connector comprise a material having a thermal conductivity no lower
than approximately 1×104 W m?1 K?1 at temperatures of approximately 4 degrees K; and

a refrigeration source operatively connected to said cooling connector.

US Pat. No. 9,233,459

CHANNEL NUT TOOL

Fermi Research Alliance, ...

1. A system comprising:
a channel nut comprising a threaded bore, at least two channel rails, and a flat top surface;
a rail assembly; and
a channel nut tool comprising:
a metal shank having a first end and a second end;
a molded plastic handle formed on said first end of said shank;
an end piece formed on said second end of said shank comprising a socket fitting and a ball lock release aperture;
a first socket comprising a threaded shaft connected to a socket body, and a ball lock; and
a second socket comprising a threaded bore configured in a socket body, and a ball lock.

US Pat. No. 9,186,645

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR IN-SITU CROSS LINKING OF POLYMERS, BITUMEN AND SIMILAR MATERIALS TO INCREASE STRENGTH, TOUGHNESS AND DURABILITY VIA IRRADIATION WITH ELECTRON BEAMS FROM MOBILE ACCELERATORS

Fermi Research Alliance, ...

1. A system for treating and strengthening a material comprising a surface, said system comprising:
a mobile unit;
at least one electron gun that emits a beam of electrons;
at least one electron accelerator integrated with the mobile unit and positioned to accelerate the beam of electrons; and
at least one beam extraction device comprising a scan coil that emits the accelerated beam of electrons, the at least one
beam extraction device positioned on said mobile unit to irradiate the surface of and treat in-situ, the material located
proximate to said mobile unit, wherein irradiation of said material by the beam of electrons results in in-situ cross-linking
of said material and therefore a strengthening and increased durability of said material.

US Pat. No. 9,140,810

HIGH PERFORMANCE COMPUTING FOR THREE DIMENSIONAL PROTON COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY (HPC-PCT)

Board of Trustees of Nort...

1. A proton computed tomography (pCT) detector system, comprising:
a first set of tracking detectors on a first side of an object to be imaged;
a second set of tracking detectors on an opposite side of the object to be imaged;
an imaging source configured to emit protons through the first set of tracking detectors, through and around the object, and
through the second set of tracking detectors;

a calorimeter configured to detect proton energy emitted from the imaging source;
a computer cluster configured to reconstruct an image based on data recorded by the first set of tracking detectors, second
set of tracking detectors and calorimeter; and

wherein at least one of the first set of said tracking detectors and the second set of tracking detectors include plastic
scintillation fibers packed in a row covering the full area of an imaging field and silicon photomultipliers.

US Pat. No. 9,249,549

ELECTROMAGNETIC BOOM AND ENVIRONMENTAL CLEANUP APPLICATION FOR USE IN CONJUNCTION WITH MAGNETIZABLE OIL

Fermi Research Alliance, ...

1. A method for collecting spilled oil, said method comprising:
configuring an electromagnetic boom with a plurality of alternating links of floats and solenoids connected by a power carrying
a tether to a collection apparatus;

capping said plurality of solenoids with a pole piece on each end of said solenoid;
magnetizing oil associated with an oil spill;
deploying said electromagnetic boom in said oil spill;
inducing a magnetic field around said electromagnetic boom; and
driving said magnetized oil along said induced magnetic field to a collection point, thereby removing said magnetized oil
associated with said oil spill from an environment.

US Pat. No. 9,437,771

MONOLITHIC ACTIVE PIXEL RADIATION DETECTOR WITH SHIELDING TECHNIQUES

Fermi Research Alliance, ...

1. A monolithic active pixel radiation detector, comprising:
a substrate comprising a silicon layer upon which electronic circuits are configured;
a plurality of channels formed on said silicon layer, wherein said plurality of channels is connected to sources of charge
signals, wherein a source of said charge signals among said sources of charge signals is biased entirely or partially in depletion
in a high-resistivity bulk layer of said substrate, wherein said charge signals are collected by implanted electrodes and
flow through electrically conducting vias established in an isolation oxide on said substrate;

at least one first nested well, implanted deep and configured from said substrate, wherein said at least one first nested
well comprises a signal collection electrode assists in a collection of charge carriers released in interaction with radiation
and wherein at least one second nested well, implanted shallower and entirely confined in said at least one first nested well,
so as to separate said electronic circuits from a sensing portion of said substrate, wherein said at least one second nest
well comprises a shallow well; and

a buried oxide configured from said substrate wherein said shallow well is located beneath said buried oxide and is entirely
electrically isolated through confinement inside said at least one first nested well and comprises an AC-ground plane that
is tied to a fixed potential.

US Pat. No. 9,496,073

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING CHEMICAL REACTIONS BETWEEN SUPERCONDUCTORS AND METALS IN SUPERCONDUCTING CABLES

Fermi Research Alliance, ...

1. A method comprising:
forming at least two protective layers around at least one high-strength alloy wire, said high strength alloy wire comprising
a plurality of filaments embedded in an Ag matrix, wherein a first protective layer is an Al2O3 passivation oxide layer and a second protective layer is a TiO2 non-reactive oxide layer;

coating at least one Superconducting wire with a protective layer;
arranging said at least one high-strength alloy wire and said at least one Superconducting wire to form a high-strength Superconducting
cable; and

treating said Superconducting cable with a heat treatment cycle.

US Pat. No. 9,786,464

SUPERCONDUCTING MULTI-CELL TRAPPED MODE DEFLECTING CAVITY

Fermi Research Alliance, ...

1. An RF cavity for beam deflection comprising:
a waveguide comprising an open ended resonator volume configured to operate as a trapped dipole mode;
a plurality of cells configured to provide a high operating gradient; and
at least two pairs of protrusions configured for lowering surface electric and magnetic fields.

US Pat. No. 9,759,924

FLAT PROFILE LASER BEAM SHAPER

Fermi Research Alliance, ...

1. A system for shaping a beam comprising:
an emitter emitting spatially coherent electromagnetic radiation;
at least two birefringent displacers configured between said emitter and a target in at least two stages wherein said stages
define a fixed distance, wherein said at least two birefringent displacers further comprise a parallel input and output face
with an optical axis at 45 degrees thereof configured to split said coherent electromagnetic radiation into a plurality of
coherent parallel beams of electromagnetic radiation thereby producing a shaped wave front of said coherent parallel beams
of electromagnetic radiation; and

at least one wave plate configured in front of each of said at least two birefringent displacers.

US Pat. No. 9,794,499

WAFER-SCALE PIXELATED DETECTOR SYSTEM

Fermi Research Alliance, ...

1. A detection system comprising:
a monolithic pixilated sensor comprising a uniformly segmented pixilated sensing material wherein at least one sensor pixel
is defined by said segmentation of said pixilated sensing material;

an interposer comprising one or more substrates, two or more conducting layers configured on said substrates said conducting
layers being isolated by one or more dielectric layers, a plurality of electrically conducting inter-layer via connections,
and a plurality of electrically conducting thru holes in said substrate arranged such that one of said conducting layers is
operably and mechanically connected to said monolithic pixilated sensor, wherein said interposer is physically sized to be
equal to or greater than a physical size of said uniformly segmented sensor area;

a plurality of application specific integrated circuits further comprising a plurality of pixels associated with each of said
plurality of application specific integrated circuits arranged such that one of said conducting layers is operably connected
to said plurality of application specific integrated circuits;

wherein every of said at least one sensor pixel has a corresponding ASIC pixel comprising an analog front-end configured to
process an input signal via a bipolar current splitter, said bipolar current splitter comprising a passive integrator and
at least one current splitter configured to simultaneously integrate a split current over a plurality of ranges wherein each
of said plurality of ranges is of a different scale;

wherein said interposer provides pitch adaptation between said monolithic pixilated sensor and said plurality of pixels associated
with each of said plurality of application specific integrated circuits; and

wherein said monolithic pixilated sensor, said interposer, and said plurality of application specific integrated circuits
are fabricated independently and merged to form said detection system.

US Pat. No. 9,797,538

ELECTROMAGNETIC BOOM AND ENVIRONMENTAL CLEANUP APPLICATION FOR USE IN CONJUNCTION WITH MAGNETIZABLE OIL

Fermi Research Alliance, ...

1. An oil leak plugging apparatus comprising:
a magnetic box fitted over an oil leak in an environment;
a pipe in said magnetic box fitted around said source of leaking oil; and
a pump configured to pump a colloidal magnetic mixture into said magnetic box thereby creating a magnetic gasket around said
pipe to prevent the flow of said leaking oil.

US Pat. No. 10,070,509

COMPACT SRF BASED ACCELERATOR

Fermi Research Alliance, ...

1. An accelerator comprising:at least one super conducting radio frequency accelerator cavity;
an electron gun;
at least one cavity cooler configured to at least partially encircle and make thermal contact with said super conducting radio frequency accelerator cavity;
a cooling connector wherein said cooling connector has a minimum thermal conductivity of 1×104 W m?1 K?1 at temperatures of 4 degrees K; and
a refrigeration source connected to said cooling connector wherein said refrigeration source conducts heat away from said superconducting radio frequency accelerator cavity via said cooling connector.

US Pat. No. 9,923,017

MONOLITHIC ACTIVE PIXEL RADIATION DETECTOR WITH SHIELDING TECHNIQUES

Fermi Research Alliance, ...

1. A radiation detector, comprising:
a processing circuit configured from a wafer substrate having a silicon layer configured thereon, wherein said wafer substrate
comprises an SOI (Silicon-On-Insulator) wafer and wherein said wafer substrate possesses a high resistivity and wherein said
silicon layer comprises a thick silicon layer;

at least one first island among a plurality of islands implanted in said silicon layer on top of said wafer substrate to form
locations for a first conductivity type transistor;

at least one second island of a second conductivity type transistor having a doping type opposite to that of said at least
one first island, wherein said plurality of islands includes said at least one first island and said at least one second island;

wherein said second conductivity type transistor is embedded in said at least one island of said opposite doping type;
wherein connections through said silicon layer to diodes are located in said wafer substrate to implement detector electronics
and shielding thereof by said silicon layer; and

a plurality of layers comprising metallization layers used for interconnections in said processing circuit and layers, said
plurality of layers further comprising aggregated layers of a dielectric material constituting an isolation between said metallization
layers used for said interconnections in said processing circuit and wherein said plurality of layers further includes a layer
comprising a metallization lines that brings charge signals to said first and second conductivity type transistors, wherein
said first and second conductivity types transistors comprise transistors that constitute signal processing circuitry of said
processing circuit.

US Pat. No. 9,859,046

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING CHEMICAL REACTIONS BETWEEN SUPERCONDUCTORS AND METALS IN SUPERCONDUCTING CABLES

Fermi Research Alliance, ...

1. A high-strength superconducting cable comprising:
at least one high-strength alloy wire covered with at least two protective layers said high-strength alloy wire comprising
a plurality of filaments embedded in an Ag matrix, wherein a first protective layer is an Al2O3 passivation oxide layer and a second protective layer is a TiO2 non-reactive oxide layer; and

at least one superconducting wire coated with a protective layer wrapped together with said at least one high-strength alloy
wire to form said high-strength superconducting cable wherein said high-strength superconducting cable is treated with a heat
treatment cycle.

US Pat. No. 9,928,202

TIME-DIVISION MULTIPLEXING DATA BUS

Fermi Research Alliance, ...

1. A two-to-one multiplexor comprising:a first data input configured to hold data provided from a first preceding asynchronous pipeline stage and a second data input configured to hold data provided from a second preceding asynchronous pipeline stage wherein a 4-phase bundled data protocol facilitates communication between said first and said second data inputs and said first and second preceding asynchronous pipeline stage;
an arbitration unit connected to said first data input and said second data input, and configured to select which of said data from said first and said second data inputs is released wherein said arbitration unit comprises a hold-dominant set-reset latch;
a request release unit; and
a reset unit wherein said arbitration unit, said request release unit, and said reset unit implement and complete a second 4-phase bundled data protocol facilitating communication with a succeeding asynchronous pipeline stage for transmission of said data selected by said arbitration unit thereby providing asynchronous multiplexing of said data.

US Pat. No. 10,084,983

WAFER-SCALE PIXELATED DETECTOR SYSTEM

Fermi Research Alliance, ...

19. A system comprising:a readout circuit, said readout circuit further comprising:
a front end comprising:
a current splitter configured between an input signal source and at least one integrator, said current splitter providing an output signal to said at least one integrator;
a plurality of bipolar transistors configured to control said current splitter scaling factors to minimize split ratio errors;
a range selection logic, a multiplexor and at least one voltage buffer which are configured to store an integration performed by said at least one integrator for a desired gain range in a capacitor storage array;
a sample switch opened at an end of an integration period and configured between a cascode transistor and an integrator capacitor;
a cascode transistor separating said sample switch and said at least one integrator; and
a back end configured to read out said capacitor storage array.

US Pat. No. 10,075,657

EDGELESS LARGE AREA CAMERA SYSTEM

Fermi Research Alliance, ...

1. A detecting apparatus head, comprising:a mother board electronically and mechanically connected to at least one dead-zone-less detector module having a substrate;
at least one multi-tier 3D integrated ASIC (Application-Specific Integrated Circuit) comprising at least one analog tier and at least one digital tier connected to at least one segmented sensor, wherein at least one tier of said at least one multi-tier 3D integrated ASIC is bonded to said at least one segmented sensor and at least one tier of said at least one multi-tier 3D integrated ASIC is bonded to said substrate of said at least one dead-zone-less detector module;
at least one data processing, computation, and transmission circuit, wherein said at least one data processing, computation, and transmission circuit is mounted onto a side of said at least one dead-zone-less detector module opposite said at least one multi-tier 3D integrated ASIC;
a thermal management system comprising a cooling system that includes a chiller and a heat exchanger, wherein said heat exchanger is located within said detecting apparatus head and between said motherboard and said at least one dead-zone-less detector module.

US Pat. No. 10,448,496

SUPERCONDUCTING CAVITY COUPLER

Fermi Research Alliance, ...

1. A cavity coupler comprising:an outer coupler body;
at least one shield formed inside said outer coupler body, wherein the at least one shield is isolated from the outer coupler body, and wherein the relationship between the at least one shield and the outer coupler body form at least two chambers;
an antenna configured to provide a radio frequency signal; and
a flange for connecting said cavity coupler to a superconducting cavity.

US Pat. No. 10,390,419

COMPACT SRF BASED ACCELERATOR

Fermi Research Alliance, ...

1. An accelerator comprising:at least one accelerator cavity;
an electron gun;
at least one thermally conductive cavity cooler configured to be in thermally conductive contact with said accelerator cavity;
a refrigeration source connected to a cold tip, said refrigeration source configured to conduct thermal energy away from said cold tip; and
a cooling connector connected to said cold tip and connected to said cavity cooler, wherein said cooling connector provides a thermally conductive connection between said cold tip and said cavity cooler.

US Pat. No. 10,485,088

RADIO FREQUENCY TUNING OF DRESSED MULTICELL CAVITIES USING PRESSURIZED BALLOONS

Fermi Research Alliance, ...

1. A system for radio frequency tuning of hollow structures, said system comprising:at least one pressurized balloon located in at least one targeted cell of a hollow structure of a device having a plurality of hollow structures and a plurality of respective cells, wherein said at least one pressurized balloon is targeted to said at least one targeted cell so as to localize plastic deformation to said at least one targeted cell using prescribed values of global force and balloon pressure with respect to said at least one pressurized balloon, thereby facilitating a noninvasive tuning of said at least one targeted cell of said hollow structure.

US Pat. No. 10,387,365

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR HIGH PERFORMANCE REAL TIME PATTERN RECOGNITION

Fermi Research Alliance, ...

1. A system supporting real time data processing, comprising:an array of processing boards;
a rear transition board coupled to each of the processing boards achieving time and regional multiplexing using board-to-board communications channels;
at least one mezzanine card per processing board said at least one mezzanine card further comprising a field programmable gate array, data processing circuitry, and a plurality of fiber optic transceivers; and
at least one through silicon via connecting a plurality of two dimensional integrated circuits configured on at least one of said mezzanine cards in order to provide pattern recognition associative memory for identifying patterns according to a 3D vertical integration.

US Pat. No. 10,477,668

VECTOR CONTROL OF RADIO FREQUENCY SIGNAL IN NARROW BAND LOADS DRIVEN BY INJECTION LOCKED MAGNETRON USING CARRIER AMPLITUDE MODULATION BY SPECTRAL ENERGY SPREADING VIA PHASE MODULATION

Fermi Research Alliance, ...

1. A method comprising:coupling one radio frequency device to a device requiring power;
modulating an amplitude of a drive signal for said device requiring power via phase modulation, with a digital control module such that phase modulated sidebands outside the bandwidth of the device requiring power are reflected and only a carrier remains;
controlling said modulated amplitude via said phase modulation according to a modulation depth control signal and a phase modulation signal;
providing said drive signal to said radio frequency device; and
powering said device requiring power with said radio frequency device and removing power associated with said modulated sidebands outside the bandwidth of the device requiring power thereby providing a modulation scheme comprising vector control of a radio frequency vector required for said device requiring power.