US Pat. No. 9,188,201

SINGLE INPUT AND SINGLE-OUTPUT HYBRID SYSTEM

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A hybrid drive train, comprising:
a hybrid assembly, comprising:
a compound planetary gear set, including:
a first plurality of planet gears;
a second plurality of planet gears; and
a ring gear;
a first electric machine having a first electric machine rotor integrally forming and acting as a sun gear of said compound
planetary gear set;

a second electric machine having a second electric machine rotor integrally forming and acting as a carrier of the compound
planetary gear set and rotatably supporting the first and second plurality of planet gears;

an output shaft directly coupled to the carrier of the compound planetary gear set;
a first clutch configured to selectively directly couple the carrier to the ring gear thereby locking said compound planetary
gear set; and

a second clutch configured to selectively directly couple the sun gear to a housing of the hybrid assembly thereby preventing
both the second electric machine and the sun gear of the compound planetary gear set from rotating.

US Pat. No. 9,387,752

MULTI-MODE HYBRID VARIABLE DRIVE UNIT

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A hybrid drive unit, comprising:
a first planetary gear set connected to an input shaft and a second planetary gear set connected to the first planetary gear
set by an electric machine shaft;

a first electric machine connected to the first planetary gear set and a second electric machine connected to the first and
second planetary gear sets by the electric machine shaft;

an output shaft selectively directly coupled to the electric machine shaft by a first clutch mechanism, wherein the input
shaft, electric machine shaft and output shaft are distinct shafts that share a common axis of rotation;

a second clutch mechanism configured to selectively couple the first electric machine to the second planetary gear set;
a drive shaft connected to the second planetary gear set by a first driven gear and to the output shaft by at least one drive
gear, wherein the drive shaft is parallel to and spaced apart from the electric machine shaft;

wherein the output shaft is configured to be i) selectively directly connected to the second electric machine via the electric
machine shaft by activation of the first clutch mechanism and ii) indirectly coupled to the second electric machine via the
second planetary gear set and the drive shaft; and

wherein the drive shaft extends parallel to the electric machine shaft and external to and around the second electric machine.

US Pat. No. 9,175,582

VARIABLE VALVE LIFT DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES BASED ON CAMSHAFT SPEED

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

10. A method, comprising:
receiving, at a controller, a camshaft position signal indicative of detected edges of teeth of a camshaft toothed member
that is coupled to a camshaft of an engine, the camshaft being configured to actuate a variable valve lift (VVL) system of
the engine, the VVL system being configured to control a lift of a valve of the engine;

generating, at the controller, a camshaft speed signal indicative of a rotational speed of the camshaft based on the camshaft
position signal;

calculating, at the controller, a valve stuck index (VSI) value based on the camshaft speed signal; and
detecting, at the controller, whether the valve is stuck based on a comparison of the VSI value to a predetermined threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,321,368

MULTI-STEP MODEL PREDICTIVE ITERATIVE TECHNIQUES FOR BATTERY SYSTEM PEAK POWER ESTIMATION

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A method comprising:
receiving, at a controller of an electrified vehicle, measured current, voltage, and temperature of a battery system of the
electrified vehicle;

determining, at the controller, operating parameters for the battery system based on the measured current, voltage, and temperature,
wherein the operating parameters for the battery system include its state of charge (SOC);

determining, at the controller, an initial peak current at a start of a current prediction period for the battery system based
on the operating parameters;

determining, at the controller, an instantaneous peak current of the battery system based on its initial peak current by performing
voltage-limited extrapolation of resistances and open-circuit voltage (VLERO) of a battery model for the battery system; and

controlling, by the controller, the battery system and an electric motor of the electrified vehicle based on the determined
instantaneous peak current,

wherein the battery model is an asymmetric equivalent circuit model having asymmetric parameters for charging and discharging
of the battery system,

wherein the asymmetric equivalent circuit model includes an ohmic resistance, an open circuit voltage (OCV), and at least
one resistor-capacitor (RC) pair, each RC pair corresponding to a resistance and a capacitance for either charging or discharging
of the battery system,

and wherein performing VLERO further includes performing first-order extrapolation of all resistors of the asymmetric equivalent
circuit model and extrapolation of the OCV using constant RC time constants.

US Pat. No. 9,194,627

CATALYST BRICK SOLUTION SAFE HANDLING LABORATORY BENCH FIXTURE

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

15. A method of removing a liquid from a catalyst brick comprising:
placing the catalyst brick in a receiver of a containment device;
applying suction to a vacuum port of said containment device;
allowing said suction to draw the liquid from the catalyst brick and into an inner volume of said containment device; and
removing said suction from said vacuum port.

US Pat. No. 9,366,203

CONFORMABLE HIGH PRESSURE GASEOUS FUEL STORAGE SYSTEM HAVING A GAS STORAGE VESSEL WITH FRACTAL GEOMETRY

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A conformable high pressure gaseous fuel storage system, comprising:
a high pressure gaseous storage vessel with a central section disposed between end sections and in fluid communication therewith;
the end and central sections having hollow geometric objects, the geometric objects having self-similarity providing the high
pressure gaseous storage vessel with a fractal geometry;

each geometric object of each end section branching into a plurality of the geometric objects of the central section, the
geometric objects of the central section having a smaller cross-section and thinner outer wall than the geometric objects
of the end sections, the geometric objects of at least the central section formable with bends to a configuration to conform
the gas storage vessel to a space in a vehicle in which the gas storage vessel is packaged; and

each end section includes a plurality of sections arranged in series with each other with each such section having the hollow
geometric objects having the self-similarity, each geometric object of each section of each end section branching into the
plurality of the geometric objects of a more inner adjacent section of the end section, the geometric objects of an innermost
section of each end section being the geometric objects that branch into the geometric objects of the central section.

US Pat. No. 9,188,043

TECHNIQUES FOR THAWING A REDUCTANT INJECTOR AND REDUCTANT TANK PRIOR TO AN INJECTION ATTEMPT

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A method, comprising:
determining, at a controller of an engine, the controller having one or more processors, whether an ambient temperature is
less than a predetermined temperature indicative of frozen reductant in an exhaust system of the engine;

determining, at the controller, an injector thaw period for a reductant injector in the exhaust system when the ambient temperature
is less than the predetermined temperature;

determining, at the controller, a tank thaw period for a reductant tank associated with the exhaust system, the reductant
tank being configured to supply reductant to the reductant injector; and

controlling, by the controller, (i) a heater to heat the reductant tank for the tank thaw period and (ii) a current provided
to the reductant injector for the injector thaw period, such that the tank thaw period and the injector thaw period end at
a same time.

US Pat. No. 9,160,127

INSERT FOR BATTERY ELECTRIC VEHICLE (BEV) SERVICE DISCONNECT

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A method comprising:
moving a first latch mechanism associated with a service disconnect plug from a latched state to an unlatched state;
removing said service disconnect plug from engagement with a service disconnect base;
inserting a lockout plug into said service disconnect base;
moving a second latch mechanism associated with said lockout plug from an unlatched state to a latched state to secure said
lockout plug to said service disconnect base; and

moving a locking mechanism associated with said lockout plug from an unlocked state to a locked state to prevent inadvertent
movement of said second latch mechanism from said latched state to said unlatched state wherein preventing movement of said
second latch mechanism from said latched state to said unlatched state includes moving one of a combination lock or a pad
lock into a locked state to restrict movement of said second latch mechanism relative to said service disconnect base.

US Pat. No. 9,402,480

ADJUSTABLE SEAT ASSEMBLY

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A seat assembly comprising:
a seatback extending generally upright; and
a seat bottom connected to the seatback and including a frame and a seat bottom adjustment mechanism having a rear cushion
pan and a front cushion pan that are movable relative to the frame and movable relative to each other between first and second
configurations, the rear and front cushion pans supporting one or more seat cushions,

wherein the rear cushion pan includes an aft end that is pivotably connected to the frame at a first pivot that extends through
the rear cushion pan, and wherein the rear and front cushion pans are rotatable relative to each other and relative to the
frame without moving the first pivot in a vertical direction relative to the frame,

wherein movement of the seat bottom mechanism rotates the rear and front cushion pans relative to each other such that a front
end of the front cushion pan rotates downward about a second pivot relative to the rear cushion pan and the frame when a front
end of the rear cushion pan rotates downward about the first pivot relative to the frame, and the front end of the front cushion
pan rotates upward about the second pivot relative to the rear cushion pan and the frame when the front end of the rear cushion
pan rotates upward about the first pivot relative to the frame,

wherein the second pivot defines a rotational axis that is fixed relative to the rear cushion pan.

US Pat. No. 9,322,454

PENDULUM VIBRATION ABSORBER

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A crankshaft assembly for an internal combustion engine, comprising:
a crankshaft having a lobe with a pendulum absorber coupled thereto, the pendulum absorber including:
a carrier coupled to a body of the lobe and having an opening therein,
a pendulum having an opening therein, and
a primary pin received in the carrier and pendulum openings to couple the pendulum to the carrier; and
a retention arrangement including:
a retention flange extending from the carrier and including a retention surface;
a pair of retention arms extending from the pendulum and spaced apart from each other along an axial direction of the crankshaft
the retention flange being slidably positioned between the retention arms; and

a retention pin coupled to the pair of retention arms;
wherein the retention arrangement is configured to maintain the retention pin in spaced relation to the retention surface
during movement of the pendulum when the primary pin maintains the pendulum coupled to the carrier, and to retain the pendulum
relative to the carrier through engagement of the retention pin with the retention surface in an absence of the primary pin
maintaining the pendulum coupled to the carrier.

US Pat. No. 9,120,137

STAMPING APPARATUS AND METHOD OF USE

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A stamping apparatus for stamping a blank, comprising:
a lower die defining a cavity, the lower die including a land portion surrounding the cavity;
a movable upper die including a drawing punch that corresponds to the cavity; and
a binder movable towards the land portion of the lower die for engaging an edge portion of the blank,
wherein the land portion of the lower die and the movable binder each include a plurality of beads that crimp the edge portion
of the blank when the movable binder engages the edge portion of the blank to form a crimped portion, the plurality of beads
being oriented orthogonal to a terminal edge of the edge portion;

the land portion of the lower die and the movable binder each include a projection formed directly opposite from each other,
inboard from the plurality of beads, and directly adjacent to the cavity, the projections of the lower die and binder collectively
defining a throat portion when the binder is engaged with the blank that, as the edge portion of the blank is drawn towards
the cavity by the drawing punch, engages with and restrains movement of the crimped portion towards the cavity.

US Pat. No. 9,120,486

VEHICLE LANE KEEPING TECHNIQUES

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A computer-implemented method, comprising:
receiving, at a controller of a vehicle, the controller having one or more processors, image data of a road in front of and
along which the vehicle is traveling, the road having a plurality of lane lines defining at least one lane;

detecting, at the controller, a first pair of the lane lines using the image data;
using the image data, detecting, at the controller:
(i) a break in one of the first pair of lane lines, and
(ii) after detecting the broken lane line, detecting a second pair of lane lines using the image data, the second pair of
lane lines including the unbroken lane line from the first pair of lane lines and another different lane line;

determining, at the controller, that one of the second pair of lane lines is an invalid lane line for defining a lane in which
the vehicle is traveling;

generating, at the controller, a virtual lane line based on previous image data in response to determining the invalid lane
line, the virtual lane line being configured to replace the invalid lane line in the second pair of lane lines; and

controlling, by the controller, lane keeping of the vehicle using the virtual lane line and the other lane line of the pair
of lane lines.

US Pat. No. 9,073,249

SWIVEL SIDE ACTION FOR PLASTIC INJECTION MOLDS

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. An actuator for an injection mold, the actuator comprising:
a housing defining an arcuate channel that extends within said housing between a first end and a second end;
a projection slidingly received in said arcuate channel such that said projection is rotatably supported by said housing and
is movable between an extended state and a retracted state, said projection having a first end and a second end opposite said
first end;

a cam adjacent said housing, said housing and said cam being operable to translate relative to one another; and
at least one link extending between and pivotally coupled to said projection and said cam that cooperates with said cam to
selectively move said projection between said extended state and said retracted state relative to said housing, wherein said
second end of said projection projects outwardly from said second end of said arcuate channel in said extended state, and
wherein said second end of said projection is retracted into said arcuate channel in said retracted state.

US Pat. No. 9,365,120

TECHNIQUES FOR ENHANCED BATTERY PACK RECHARGING

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A method, comprising:
detecting, at a controller of an electric vehicle, the controller including one or more processors, that (i) a battery pack
of the electric vehicle requires recharging and (ii) the battery pack is currently operable to be recharged by an external
charging unit, the battery pack including a plurality of cells;

identifying, at the controller, a specific cell of the plurality of cells that has a highest voltage in response to the detecting;
and

commanding, by the controller, the external charging unit to recharge each cell of the battery pack to a predetermined voltage
that is a sum of (i) a maximum open circuit voltage of the specific cell and (ii) a voltage based on a resistance of the specific
cell and a first current supplied to the specific cell.

US Pat. No. 9,129,455

SYSTEM AND METHOD TO ENABLE PASSIVE ENTRY

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A passive entry system comprising:
an unlocking module that is integrated in a vehicle of a first group of vehicles and configured to perform a key operation
in a keyless environment, the unlocking module comprising:

a control module that determines a range of identification values, including a start of range value and an end of range value,
that generates an authentication request packet based on the range of identification values and a first group identification
value, and that broadcasts the request packet, wherein the first group identification value is common to the first group of
vehicles; and

a plurality of fobs that are in communication with the first group of vehicles and configured to trigger the unlocking module
to perform the key operation, each fob having a unique identification value associated thereto and a second group identification
value associated thereto, each fob comprising:

a fob transceiver that receives the request packet; and
a response module that determines if the first group identification value corresponds to the second group identification value,
and that determines whether the unique identification value of the corresponding fob falls within the range of identification
values only if the first group identification value corresponds to the second group identification value, and that generates
a response packet if the unique identification value falls within the range of identification values, wherein the fob transceiver
transmits the response packet to the control module;

wherein the control module is configured to receive response packets from the plurality of fobs, analyze response packets
received from fobs having even unique identification values separately from response packets received from fobs having odd
unique identification values, and to perform the key operation based on one of the received response packets.

US Pat. No. 9,091,233

EGR SYSTEM USING DEDICATED EGR CYLINDERS

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. An internal combustion engine, comprising:
an intake manifold configured to receive air and exhaust gas;
eight or more cylinders each configured to receive an air/exhaust mixture from the intake manifold through respective intake
ports and to expel exhaust gas through respective exhaust ports, wherein the eight or more cylinders are arranged in first
and second cylinder banks arranged at approximately a 90 degree angle with respect to each other;

a first exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) exhaust pipe coupling an exhaust port of a first dedicated EGR cylinder of the first
cylinder bank to the intake manifold;

a second EGR exhaust pipe coupling an exhaust port of a second dedicated EGR cylinder of the second cylinder bank to the intake
manifold; and

one or more exhaust manifolds connected to exhaust ports of a remainder of the eight or more cylinders, the one or more exhaust
manifolds being separate from the first and second EGR exhaust pipes;

wherein the engine is configured to operate according to a specific cylinder firing order in which the first and second dedicated
EGR cylinders are each preceded by or followed by another cylinder in a same respective cylinder bank; and

wherein operating the engine according to the specific cylinder firing order with the first and second dedicated EGR cylinders
decreases exhaust blowdown interference by recirculating exhaust gas from the first and second dedicated EGR cylinders separate
from the one or more exhaust manifolds.

US Pat. No. 9,156,386

ARMREST ASSEMBLY

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. An armrest assembly comprising:
a base member;
an armrest member linearly movable relative to the base member between a first position and a second position; and
a brake mechanism including first and second brake members, the first brake member being fixed relative to the base member,
the second brake member being movable with the armrest member relative to the base member and movable relative to the first
brake member between an engaged position preventing relative movement between the armrest member and the base member and a
disengaged position allowing relative movement between the armrest member and the base member, the second brake member being
movable into the engaged position at any of an infinite number of positions between the first and second positions, the second
brake member being movable to the disengaged position in response to an application of a force by a user, the brake mechanism
being configured so that a release of the force moves the second brake member from the disengaged position to the engaged
position and prevents relative movement between the armrest member and the base member,

wherein the first brake member includes first and second engagement surfaces that are flat and parallel to each other and
face opposite directions, the second brake member including first and second rotating plates that simultaneously contact the
first and second engagement surfaces, respectively, when the second brake member is in the engaged position, the first rotating
plate being rotationally fixed to the second rotating plate for simultaneous rotation.

US Pat. No. 9,137,856

APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR UNFREEZING VEHICLE DOOR WINDOW FROM WINDOW SEAL

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A vehicle, comprising:
a vehicle door assembly including a vehicle door and a window movable relative to the vehicle door, the window having an upper
edge;

a window seal that receives the upper edge of the window;
a heating element coupled to one of the upper edge of the window and the window seal;
a power source that provides an electrical current to the heating element; and
a control module configured to:
receive a remote unlock signal from a remote device, the remote unlock signal instructing the control module to unlock the
vehicle door;

obtain a temperature signal from a temperature sensor indicating a temperature in response to receiving the remote unlock
signal;

compare the temperature indicated by the temperature signal to a temperature threshold; and
cause the power source to provide the electrical current to the heating element when the temperature is less than the temperature
threshold,

wherein the vehicle door assembly further includes a lift motor that moves the window, the lift motor outputting a mechanical
stuck signal to the control module when the lift motor is unable to move the window, and

wherein the control module causes the power source to provide the electrical current to the heating element when the temperature
is less than the temperature threshold and the mechanical stuck signal is received.

US Pat. No. 9,067,544

VEHICLE INTERIOR COMPONENT WITH STITCHING

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A component for an interior of a vehicle comprising:
an inner layer;
an outer layer covering the inner layer;
an intermediate layer disposed between the inner and outer layers and formed from a resiliently compressible material;
a support strip at least partially received in a recess in the intermediate layer and having an inward-facing surface and
an outward-facing surface, the outward facing surface being adjacent an inward-facing surface of the outer layer; and

a first thread stitched through the outer layer, the support strip, and the intermediate layer.

US Pat. No. 9,403,452

VEHICLE SEAT BOTTOM ASSEMBLY HAVING AN ANTI-SUBMARINE DEVICE

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A seat bottom assembly for a vehicle, the seat bottom assembly comprising:
a seat bottom frame extending along a longitudinal axis of the vehicle between a front edge and a rear edge; and
an anti-submarining device configured to minimize submarining movement of an occupant during rapid deceleration of the vehicle,
the anti-submarining device including:

a pivot shaft mounted on the seat bottom frame, and
a panel extending along the longitudinal axis between a front edge and a rear edge, the panel mounted to the seat bottom frame
through the pivot shaft for pivoting movement between a design position and an open position angularly spaced from the design
position, the panel configured to oppose forward displacement of the occupant supported by the seat bottom frame while in
the open position, wherein the rear edge of the panel is spaced forward of a midpoint of the seat bottom frame along the longitudinal
axis;

a one-way locking device operable to permit pivoting movement of the panel from the design position and prevent pivoting movement
of the panel to the design position; and

a biasing device operably positioned between the seat bottom frame and the panel to urge the panel to the open position;
wherein the one-way locking device is positioned outside of the seat bottom frame and the biasing device is positioned inside
the seat bottom frame.

US Pat. No. 9,353,711

BOOST PURGE EJECTOR TEE ARRANGEMENT

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A boost purge ejector tee arrangement for a fuel vapor emissions system coupled to an intake manifold of an engine with
a forced induction system, comprising:
a boost purge ejector tee having:
a body defining a first inlet port, a second inlet port and an outlet port, the first inlet port and the outlet port being
fluidly coupled along a first flow path, the body defining a second flow path from the second inlet port that intersects the
first flow path upstream of the outlet port; and

a nozzle positioned in the first flow path such that an outlet of the nozzle is proximate the intersection of the second flow
path with the first flow path;

wherein the boost purge ejector tee is integrated into an air box associated with the engine such that the outlet port exits
into an inside of the air box.

US Pat. No. 9,228,512

EGR FLOW METERING SYSTEMS AND METHODS

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A method of setting at least one exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) valve position for mixing EGR with intake air in an engine
system comprising an engine, an EGR system including EGR piping, and at least one EGR valve and an air intake system including
air intake piping, the method comprising:
determining by a controller operating characteristics of the engine system;
determining by the controller a desired EGR flow ratio based on the operating characteristics of the engine system;
determining by the controller at least one EGR flow loss factor corresponding to the desired EGR flow ratio based on a relationship
between the desired EGR flow and a pipe flow characteristic ratio;

determining by the controller an EGR valve position using the at least one EGR flow loss factor; and
configuring by the controller the EGR valve position to the determined EGR valve position,
wherein the desired EGR flow ratio comprises the relationship of a flow rate of air to a flow rate of EGR,
and the pipe flow characteristic ratio comprises a ratio of an EGR system characteristic to an air intake system characteristic.

US Pat. No. 9,193,252

TWO MOTOR ELECTRIC DRIVE HYBRID TRANSMISSION

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A hybrid transmission comprising:
a transmission housing;
an input shaft;
a first clutch assembly;
a first shaft coupled to said first clutch assembly;
an input planetary gear set coupled to said first shaft, wherein said first clutch assembly selectively couples said input
shaft to said first shaft;

a first electric motor coupled to said input planetary gear set;
an output planetary gear set coupled to said input planetary gear set;
a second electric motor coupled to said output planetary gear set;
an output shaft coupled to said output planetary gear set;
a second clutch assembly coupled to an input ring gear of said input planetary gear set; and
a third clutch assembly coupling an output carrier of said output planetary gear set to said transmission housing;
wherein an input carrier of said input planetary gear set and an output ring gear of said output planetary gear set are coupled
to said output shaft.

US Pat. No. 9,193,290

REMOVABLE STORAGE ARRANGEMENT FOR A VEHICLE

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A cargo management system for a vehicle, the vehicle including a cargo bed and an inner side wall having a first side facing
the bed and an opposite side facing an exterior panel of the vehicle, the inner side wall spaced apart from the exterior panel,
comprising:
a receptacle formed relative to the exterior panel of the vehicle, the receptacle extending from the inner side wall to the
exterior panel, the receptacle having a rear wall spaced apart from an outer surface of the exterior panel, the outer surface
of the exterior panel having a first contour;

a removable storage device configured to be removably received in the receptacle and selectively secured to the vehicle, the
removable storage device including:

an upper portion;
a lower portion, the upper portion pivotable relative to the lower portion to provide access to an interior of the removable
storage device; and

a latch mechanism configured to selectively secure the removable storage device to the vehicle when in a stored position in
the receptacle;

wherein an outer surface of the upper portion and an outer surface of the lower portion comprise a second contour, the second
contour substantially matching the first contour; and

a biasing member configured to engage the receptacle and the removable storage device at least when the removable storage
device is in the stored position, the biasing member configured to bias the removable storage device away from a rear wall
of the receptacle.

US Pat. No. 9,188,055

SYSTEM AND METHOD TO CONTROL AUTOMOTIVE POWERTRAIN COMPONENT TEMPERATURE

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A thermal management unit for a vehicle powertrain component, said thermal management unit comprising:
a temperature controlled multi-port valve having a sensor adapted to sense a temperature of a lubricant used by the powertrain
component, said valve having at least a first configuration during a first state whereby heated lubricant is passed to the
powertrain component and a second configuration during a second state whereby cooled lubricant is passed to the powertrain
component based on the sensed temperature; and

a heat exchanger for heating the lubricant during the first state and cooling the lubricant during the second state, said
heat exchanger having:

a first port for inputting the lubricant from the component;
a second port for outputting the heated or cooled lubricant to the sensor; and
a third port connected to a first port of the valve and a fourth port connected to a coolant output of an engine.

US Pat. No. 9,174,531

MODULAR FUEL STORAGE SYSTEM

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A modular fuel storage system for a vehicle, comprising:
a container defining an interior space therein, the container including an access aperture and an access door configured to
removably engage the container to cover the access aperture when engaged to the container wherein the access door includes
a recess configured to receive a shut-off valve extending from the interior space, the shut-off valve terminating within the
recess;

a cover configured to engage the container to enclose the interior space;
a storage tank configured to store and selectively deliver a gaseous fuel; and
a fuel fill line and a fuel delivery line each fluidly connected to the storage tank, the fill and delivery lines each having
a coupling connector extending external to the container and terminating in a recess formed in an exterior of the container;

wherein the modular fuel storage system is configured to be assembled in the vehicle such that the cover forms a portion of
a floor of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,073,422

WEATHERSTRIP ASSEMBLY AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A method of manufacturing a weatherstrip assembly comprising:
forming an elongated reinforcement member from a first material;
forming an elongated seal member around the reinforcement member such that the reinforcement member is at least partially
embedded in the seal member and the seal member includes a plurality of sealing lips, the seal member being formed from a
second material; and

trimming ends of the seal member and the reinforcement member using a laser cutter mounted on a robotic mechanism that is
movable in multiple axes,

wherein trimming the end of the seal member includes cutting a first portion of the seal member to a first length, then moving
the laser cutter relative to the seal member, and then cutting a second portion of the seal member to a second length that
is different than the first length, the first and second portions are parts of a single integral weatherstrip body after the
first and second portions are cut to the first and second lengths.

US Pat. No. 9,352,651

GUIDANCE TOOL FOR ADJUSTING POSITION OF AUTONOMOUS CRUISE CONTROL ASSEMBLY

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A guidance tool for guiding movement of an adjustment tool toward an adjustment member of an autonomous cruise control
(ACC) assembly, the ACC assembly being moveably coupled to a vehicle body, the adjustment member being adjustable with the
adjustment tool to change a position of the ACC assembly relative to the vehicle body, the guidance tool comprising:
an attachment member that removably attaches to the ACC assembly; and
a guide surface defining a passageway that opens to the adjustment member when the attachment member is removably attached
to the ACC assembly, the guide surface receiving the adjustment tool such that at least part of the adjustment tool travels
through the passageway and engages the adjustment member.

US Pat. No. 9,352,672

INERTIAL LATCH SYSTEM FOR A VEHICLE SEAT

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. An inertial latch system for a vehicle seat, comprising:
a floor bracket;
a seat cushion bracket rotatably coupled to the floor bracket, the seat cushion bracket being rotatable between a down position,
an up position and an intermediate position between the down and up positions;

an inertial weight coupled to the floor bracket; and
an inertial weight damper assembly selectively coupled to the inertial weight, the inertial weight damper assembly including:
a detent plunger movable between an extended condition and a retracted condition, and
a contact plug coupled to the detent plunger,
wherein in each of the up and down positions, the detent plunger is in the extended condition and inhibits movement of the
seat cushion bracket from the up and down positions, respectively, and the contact plug inhibits movement of the inertial
weight,

wherein in the intermediate position, the detent plunger is in the retracted condition, and the contact plug does not inhibit
movement of the inertial weight, and

wherein, in each of the up and down positions, the contact plug contacts the inertial weight.

US Pat. No. 9,273,619

SUPERCHARGED ENGINE AND METHOD OF CONTROL

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

9. A system for an engine having an intake manifold that receives air received via an inlet and a supercharger connected between
the inlet and the intake manifold, the system comprising:
a throttle valve connected between the supercharger and the inlet;
a supercharger bypass valve connected between the throttle and the intake manifold and configured to divert airflow thereby
bypassing the supercharger; and

a controller comprising a non-transitory memory having a set of instructions stored thereon that, when executed by the controller,
causes the controller to perform operations comprising:

determining a desired airflow from the inlet into the intake manifold;
detecting a first sensed pressure at an input of the throttle valve via a first pressure sensor,
detecting a second sensed pressure at an input of the supercharger via a second pressure sensor, and
detecting a third sensed pressure at an output of the supercharger via a third pressure sensor;
fully opening the supercharger bypass valve and controlling the throttle valve based on the desired airflow and the first
and second sensed pressures when the desired airflow is less than a first threshold;

controlling the throttle based on the desired airflow and a second threshold and control the supercharger bypass valve based
on the desired airflow when the desired airflow is between the first threshold and the second threshold, wherein the second
threshold is greater than the first threshold; and

fully opening the throttle and controlling the supercharger bypass valve based on the desired airflow when the desired airflow
is greater than the second threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,193,281

RECLINING VEHICLE SEAT SYSTEM

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A vehicle seat system, comprising:
a vehicle floor;
a floor bracket fixedly secured to the vehicle floor;
an adjustable upper bracket having a left side and a right side;
a linkage assembly coupling the floor bracket to the adjustable upper bracket, the linkage assembly including two front links
and two rear links, wherein one front link and one rear link are arranged on each of the left and right sides of the adjustable
upper bracket;

a seat back bracket coupled to the adjustable upper bracket and configured to travel between an upright position and a reclined
position; and

a seat bottom bracket coupled to the seat back bracket, the seat bottom bracket defining a vertical distance between the vehicle
floor and the seat bottom bracket,

wherein, as the seat back bracket travels between the upright position and the reclined position, each of the two front links
travel from one side of a vertical position, through the vertical position, and to the other side of the vertical position,
and

wherein the vertical distance between the vehicle floor and the seat bottom bracket in the upright position is substantially
identical to the vertical distance between the vehicle floor and the seat bottom bracket in the reclined position.

US Pat. No. 9,151,172

STATOR AND TORQUE CONVERTER CONTAINING THE SAME

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A torque converter comprising:
a cover;
an impeller attached to the cover, the impeller having a plurality of impeller blades, each impeller blade having a front
surface and a rear surface;

a turbine between the impeller and the cover, the turbine having a plurality of turbine blades, each turbine blade having
a front surface and a rear surface;

a thrust washer between the cover and the impeller, the thrust washer comprising:
an annular body having a front surface, an inner diameter, and an outer diameter;
a plurality of grooves arranged radially along the front surface and extending from the outer diameter towards the inner diameter,
the grooves having a first side, a second side opposite the first side, and a width; and

a plurality of protrusions extending outward from the front surface and located between adjacent grooves in proximity to the
inner diameter wherein the front surface is curved such that a thickness of the thrust washer is greater at the inner diameter
than at the outer diameter; and

a stator between the impeller and the turbine, the stator comprising:
an inner circumference;
an outer circumference;
a plurality of stator blades between the inner circumference and outer circumference, each stator blade having a leading edge,
a trailing edge, a front surface and a rear surface;

wherein the leading edge and the trailing edge are non-linear from the inner circumference to the outer circumference, and
the stator blade includes a non-ruled surface.

US Pat. No. 9,352,695

VEHICLE FLOOR ASSEMBLY

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A vehicle floor assembly comprising:
a floor frame defining a stowage cavity;
a first floor panel having a first end and a second end, the first end being coupled to the floor frame, the first floor panel
being moveable relative to the floor frame between an open position wherein access to the stowage cavity is permitted, and
a closed position wherein the stowage cavity is at least partially covered by the first floor panel to inhibit access to the
stowage cavity; and

a pair of closeout devices, each closeout device including:
a cartridge fixedly coupled to the first floor panel and defining a slot and a plurality of guide channels, the slot being
open at the second end of the first floor panel and configured to receive at least one seat riser through the first floor
panel, the guide channels being transverse to the slot;

a pair of first closeout members, each first closeout member being slidably received in one of the guide channels and moveable
between a retracted position wherein each of the first closeout members is retracted relative to each other, and an extended
position wherein each of the first closeout members is extended into the slot toward each other a greater extent than when
in the retracted position;

a pair of second closeout members, each second closeout member being slidably received in one of the guide channels and moveable
between a retracted position wherein each of the second closeout members is retracted relative to each other, and an extended
position wherein each of the second closeout members is extended into the slot toward each other a greater extent than when
in the retracted position; and

a plurality of biasing members received in the cartridge, a first set of the biasing members being configured to bias the
first closeout members toward their respective second positions, and a second set of the biasing members being configured
to bias the second closeout members toward their respective second positions.

US Pat. No. 9,315,166

TECHNIQUES FOR SYNCHRONOUS RECTIFICATION CONTROL OF DC-DC CONVERTERS IN ELECTRIFIED VEHICLES

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A method, comprising:
determining, at a controller of an electrified vehicle (EV), the controller including one or more processors, a required output
current for a DC-DC converter based on a secondary voltage of a secondary battery system of the EV, the DC-DC converter being
configured to convert a primary voltage from a primary battery system of the EV to the secondary voltage;

determining, at the controller, a switching frequency for the DC-DC converter that causes the DC-DC converter to output the
required output current;

determining, at the controller, turn-on and turn-off delays of the DC-DC converter based on the required output current and
the switching frequency using one or more look-up tables; and

controlling, by the controller, the DC-DC converter based on the turn-on and turn-off delays.

US Pat. No. 9,308,940

VEHICLE FRONT STRUCTURE FOR ABSORBING SMALL OFFSET IMPACT FORCES

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A vehicle having a front structure, comprising:
a left side rail extending longitudinally in a front portion of the vehicle on a left side of an engine of the vehicle and
a right side rail extending longitudinally in the front portion of the vehicle on a right side of the engine of the vehicle;

a left front member coupled to a front end of the left side rail and extending in a laterally outward direction from the left
side rail and being at least partially disposed in an outer left quarter of a total width of the vehicle, and a right front
member coupled to a front end of the right side rail and extending in a laterally outward direction from the right side rail
and being at least partially disposed in an outer right quarter of the total width of the vehicle;

a left outer brace having a top side, a bottom side, and a base that extends between the top and bottom sides of the left
outer brace apart, and a right outer brace having a top side, a bottom side, and a base that extends between the top and bottom
sides of the right outer brace; and

a left inner brace extending between and coupled to the left front member and the left side rail, the left inner brace having
a base disposed between the top and bottom sides of the left outer brace, the base of the left inner brace extending diagonally
between the left front member and the left side rail, and a right inner brace extending between and coupled to the right front
member and the right side rail, the right inner brace having a base disposed between the top and bottom sides of the right
outer brace, the base of the right inner brace extending diagonally between the right front member and the right side rail;

wherein each side rail includes a top side, a bottom side, an inner side and an outer side that form a tubular structure,
wherein a portion of the top side of each outer brace overlaps with the top side of the side rail coupled to that outer brace,
and a portion of the bottom side of the outer brace overlaps with the bottom side of the side rail coupled to that outer brace.

US Pat. No. 9,194,269

REDUCTANT INJECTOR TEMPERATURE MODEL BASED ON COIL RESISTANCE

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A method, comprising:
receiving, at a controller of an engine, the controller having one or more processors, one or more measured parameters, each
measured parameter related to a temperature that affects a temperature of a reductant injector of an exhaust system of the
engine;

determining, at the controller, a resistance of a coil of the reductant injector;
estimating, at the controller, the temperature of the reductant injector based on (i) the one or more measured parameters
and (ii) the coil resistance; and

controlling, by the controller, a duty cycle of the reductant injector based on the estimated temperature of the reductant
injector.

US Pat. No. 9,469,184

SINGLE-INPUT AND SINGLE-OUTPUT HYBRID SYSTEM

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A hybrid drive train, comprising:
a hybrid assembly, including:
a compound planetary gear set;
a first electric machine having a first electric machine rotor integrally forming and acting as a sun gear of the compound
planetary gear set;

a second electric machine having a second electric machine rotor integrally forming and acting as a ring gear of the compound
planetary gear set;

a first clutch configured to selectively lock the planetary gear set; and
a second clutch configured to selectively directly couple the rotor and sun gear to a housing of the hybrid assembly thereby
preventing both the first electric machine and the sun gear of the compound planetary gear set from rotating.

US Pat. No. 9,308,889

SHOULDER BELT GUIDE WITH STOW FEATURE

FCA US LLC, Aubhurn Hill...

1. A seatbelt positioner for a vehicle including a pillar and a seatbelt, the seatbelt positioner comprising:
a receiver coupled to the pillar;
a router including a guide body and a stowage member, said router being movable between an extended position in which said
router is spaced apart from said receiver, and a stowed position in which said stowage member couples said guide body to said
receiver and said guide body is configured to couple said router to a portion of the seatbelt; and

a tether having a first end coupled to said router and a second end coupled to said receiver, and said tether biasing said
router in a direction toward said receiver when said router is in said extended position.

US Pat. No. 9,150,214

TECHNIQUES FOR ROBUST PARK LOCK CONTROL

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A method for controlling a vehicle park lock system, comprising:
receiving, at a controller of the vehicle, the controller including one or more processors, a first request to calibrate the
park lock system of the vehicle;

commanding, by the controller, a first actuator to move a second actuator to maximum engagement and maximum disengagement
positions in response to receiving the first request, the second actuator being configured to engage/disengage a park pawl
of the park lock system with/from a park gear of a transmission of the vehicle, the maximum engagement position indicating
a maximum engagement of the park pawl with the park gear, the maximum disengagement position indicating a maximum disengagement
of the park pawl from the park gear;

determining, at the controller, full engagement and full disengagement positions for the second actuator based on the maximum
engagement and maximum disengagement positions, the full engagement position indicating full engagement but less than the
maximum engagement of the park pawl with the park gear, the full disengagement position indicating full disengagement but
less than maximum disengagement of the park pawl from the park gear; and

controlling, by the controller, the first actuator to move the second actuator to engage/disengage the park pawl with/from
the park gear using the full engagement and full disengagement positions, respectively.

US Pat. No. 9,150,261

VEHICLE AIR DAM WITH OPENABLE AND CLOSABLE AIR FLOW OPENINGS

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. An air dam for an automotive vehicle, comprising a panel extending vertically downwardly from a bottom of a bumper of the
vehicle, the panel having at least one openable and closable air flow opening therein wherein when the air flow opening is
open air can flow through it and when the air flow opening is closed air is blocked from flowing through it.

US Pat. No. 9,151,383

INTERACTIVE TRANSMISSION SHIFT TECHNIQUES

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A method for shifting a transmission for a vehicle, comprising;
receiving, at one or more controllers of the vehicle, the one or more controllers having one or more processors, a request
for a transmission garage shift to a forward drive gear;

determining, at the one or more controllers, whether the vehicle is on a grade greater than a predetermined grade threshold
and whether the vehicle is rolling backwards on the grade below a predetermined speed threshold;

controlling, by the one or more controllers, the transmission to bring the vehicle to a stop state based on determining that
the vehicle is on the grade greater than the predetermined grade threshold and rolling backwards below the predetermined speed
threshold;

controlling, by the one or more controllers, an electric park brake (EPB) to hold the vehicle at the stop state;
controlling, by the one or more controllers, the transmission to engage a dog clutch so as to place the transmission in the
forward drive gear;

determining, by the one or more controllers, whether the dog clutch is or is not engaged; and
controlling, by the one or more controllers, the EPB to i) deactivate if the dog clutch is determined to be engaged, or ii)
maintain activation to maintain the vehicle at the stop state if the dog clutch is determined to be not engaged.

US Pat. No. 9,376,147

TWO-STAGE CARGO FLOOR

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A storage receptacle integrated into the floor of a vehicle, comprising:
a housing, the housing including a collar, a lower surface, and a plurality of side surfaces extending between the collar
and the lower surface, the side surfaces each defining an upper surface and an intermediate surface that extend around an
inner periphery of the housing; and

a lid, the lid configured to rest on the upper surface in a first storage position when the lid has a first orientation arranged
in parallel with the collar and the lower surface, and configured to rest on the intermediate surface in a second storage
position when the lid has a second orientation arranged in parallel with the collar and the lower surface, the second orientation
being where the lid is rotated in plane 90 degrees relative to the first orientation.

US Pat. No. 9,157,556

VEHICLE EXHAUST TIP ASSEMBLY

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. An exhaust tip assembly for an exhaust system of a vehicle, the exhaust system including a tailpipe with a downstream end,
the vehicle also including a fascia member, the exhaust tip assembly comprising:
an accent member; and
a monolithic collector member that is made substantially from a polymeric material operable to withstand high temperature
exhaust gasses flowing out of the tailpipe, the collector member including a collector portion and an attachment portion,
the collector portion including a first end, and a second end, the collector portion defining a passage that extends from
the first end to the second end and a longitudinal axis that extends within the passage, the first end having lower quadrants
disposed below the longitudinal axis, the first end operable to receive the downstream end of the tailpipe, the second end
operable to removably attach to the accent member, the attachment portion configured to mount to the fascia member of the
vehicle to thereby expose the accent member from the fascia member,

wherein the accent member extends about and covers only part of the collector portion at the second end,
wherein the collector portion includes a lower scoop extending from only the lower quadrants of the first end in a direction
substantially parallel to the longitudinal axis to conceal a portion of the tailpipe.

US Pat. No. 9,151,215

ARTIFICIAL ASPIRATION METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR INCREASING ENGINE EFFICIENCY

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

15. An artificial aspiration system for an engine of a vehicle, the system comprising:
an electrical-mechanical supercharger configured to provide artificial aspiration to the engine and configured to be powered
by both (i) and electric motor and (ii) the engine, the electrical-mechanical supercharger comprising a clutch configured
to selectively couple to the engine;

a turbocharger configured to provide artificial aspiration to the engine and comprising (i) a turbo bypass configured to bypass
exhaust gas past the turbocharger and (ii) a turbo brake configured to close a vane of the turbocharger; and

a controller including non-transitory instructions executable to:
determine a desired amount of the artificial aspiration for the engine based on an operating condition of the engine, and
control the supply of the artificial aspiration by the electrical-mechanical supercharger and the turbocharger to supply the
determined desired amount of the artificial aspiration to the engine by controlling each of (i) the electric motor, (ii) the
clutch, (iii) the turbo bypass vane, and (iv) the turbo brake, based on the desired amount of artificial aspiration having
been determined.

US Pat. No. 9,205,785

VEHICLE CAMERA MOUNTING ASSEMBLY

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A mounting assembly for a vehicle camera to mount the camera to a vehicle panel having inner and outer surfaces and an
opening, comprising:
a clip adapted to overlie an inner surface of the panel and having a camera retention feature for connecting the clip to the
camera, the clip being larger than the opening in the panel to inhibit the camera from being removed through the opening;
and

a bezel adapted to overlie the outer surface of the panel and having a connection feature adapted to connect the bezel with
one or both of the clip and the camera to trap a portion of the vehicle panel between the bezel and the clip, wherein the
clip engages the bezel, the clip is formed from one-piece of material and the clip is trapped between the camera and the panel.

US Pat. No. 9,193,507

VEHICLE RESERVOIR CAP WITH PRESSURE ACTUATED VALVE

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

10. A cap for a vehicle fluid reservoir, comprising:
an inner cap adapted to be at least partially received within an opening of a reservoir and having a passage extending therethrough
and adapted to communicate with an interior of the reservoir and a valve seat surrounding a portion of the passage;

an outer cap coupled to the inner cap to define a chamber between the inner and outer caps that communicates with the passage;
a valve located in the chamber and in communication with the passage, the valve including a first valve portion that controls
fluid flow through the valve in a first direction and a second valve portion that controls fluid flow through the valve in
a second direction different than the first direction, the second valve portion including a flange engageable with the valve
seat to selectively permit fluid flow between the flange and the valve seat, where the first valve portion and the flange
are formed in the same piece of material; and

a biasing member received within the chamber and providing a force yieldably biasing the flange into engagement with the valve
seat; and

a retainer having an end wall engaged with the flange on one side and with the biasing member on its other side to transmit
the force of the biasing member to the flange, and a tubular sidewall extending from the end wall to retain an end of the
biasing member.

US Pat. No. 9,149,854

STAMPING APPARATUS

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A stamping apparatus for stamping a blank, the apparatus comprising:
a first die including a forming cavity and a plurality of depressions positioned outboard and along a periphery of said forming
cavity in a non-overlapping manner, said depressions each defined by a first corner proximate said forming cavity and a second
corner distal said forming cavity in the outboard direction from said first corner and said forming cavity; and

a blank-holding ram including a plurality of beads each configured to engage an edge portion of said blank into said depressions
when the blank is positioned between the first die and the blank-holding ram, said beads each including a third corner proximate
said forming cavity and a fourth corner distal said forming cavity in the outboard direction from said third corner,

wherein said first corner of said depression includes a radii of curvature greater than the radii of curvatures of said second
corner of said depression, and the third and fourth corners of the bead, and the first corner is located distal from the edge
portion of the blank.

US Pat. No. 9,090,176

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL PROPAGATION AVOIDANCE IN A BATTERY MODULE

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A vehicle energy storage system comprising:
first and second electrochemical cells;
a cooling element interposed between and configured to engage the first and second electrochemical cells and absorb thermal
energy from the electrochemical cells, the cooling element being configured to absorb heat and melt from a solid form when
at least one of the first and second electrochemical cells exceed an eutectic temperate of the cooling element thereby creating
an air gap between the first and second electrochemical cells to avoid thermal propagation from the first electrochemical
cell to the second electrochemical cell, the solid form of the cooling element being configured to maintain the first and
second electrochemical cells spaced apart from one another; and

a cooling plate positioned beneath the first and second electrochemical cells and the cooling element, the cooling plate in
supporting engagement with the cooling element and spaced apart from the electrochemical cells, the cooling plate including
a channel adjacent to and beneath the cooling element and configured to receive melted material of the cooling element and
divert the melted material from the electrochemical cells.

US Pat. No. 9,228,558

IGNITION MODULE

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. An ignition module comprising:
a housing;
a cam rotatably supported by said housing between an OFF position and an ON position;
a first lever movable between a first state restricting movement of said cam from said ON position to said OFF position and
a second state permitting movement of said cam from said ON position to said OFF position;

a second lever movable between a locked state restricting movement of said first lever from said first state to said second
state and an unlocked state permitting movement of said first lever from said first state to said second state; and

an electromagnet movable between an extended state and a retracted state, said electromagnet movable into said extended state
when energized to position and maintain said second lever in said locked state,

further comprising a first biasing element operable to bias said second lever into said unlocked state.

US Pat. No. 9,403,506

RETRACTABLE SEATBELT POSITIONER WITH STOWAGE FEATURE

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A seatbelt positioner for a vehicle including a pillar and a seatbelt, the seatbelt positioner comprising:
a cassette mounted to a first side of the pillar;
a router including a guide body, a mount, and a damper, said guide body configured to releasably couple said router to a portion
of the seatbelt, said mount extending from said guide body, said damper being mounted to one of said guide body or said mount,
said router being movable between an extended position in which said router is spaced apart from the pillar, and a retracted
position in which said mount is at least partially received in an aperture defined by the pillar and said damper contacts
said pillar, said damper being formed of a compressive material configured to dampen motion of said router relative to the
pillar when said router is in said retracted position; and

a tether having a first end coupled to said cassette and a second end coupled to said mount, said tether extending through
the aperture defined by the pillar to a second side of the pillar when said router is in said extended position;

wherein said cassette is configured to retract said tether toward said cassette to position said router in said retracted
position.

US Pat. No. 9,266,536

ADAPTIVE CRUISE CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHOD

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A method for controlling a vehicle having a driver assistance feature, the method comprising:
detecting, by a controller, a learn condition for a driver-specific profile for the driver assistance feature, the learn condition
including (i) operation of the vehicle, (ii) disablement of the driver assistance feature, and (iii) a detected object in
a path of the vehicle;

in response to detecting the learn condition, receiving, at the controller, measured parameters associated with the vehicle
and the driver assistance feature;

based on the measured parameters, generating, by the controller, the driver-specific profile for the driver assistance feature;
detecting, by the controller, enablement of the driver assistance feature; and
in response to detecting the enablement of the driver assistance feature, performing, by the controller, driver assistance
of the vehicle using the driver-specific profile.

US Pat. No. 9,120,510

CARGO BED SYSTEM FOR A VEHICLE

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A modular cargo bed system for a motor vehicle, the cargo bed system comprising:
a bed frame having a floor, a forward wall, a pair of opposing sidewalls, and a bed frame connection member formed on the
bed frame;

a side frame member separate from the bed frame and having a side frame connection member that is complimentary to and configured
to selectively mate with the bed frame connection member in an installed position, the side frame member further comprising
a side frame member mounting feature;

a storage module that includes a receptacle, the storage module having a storage module mounting feature; and
a non-storage module having a non-storage module mounting feature;
wherein the bed frame is configured to selectively receive one of:
(i) the side frame member and the storage module in a storage configuration, with the side frame member mounting feature engaged
with the storage module mounting feature and the side frame connection member engaged with the bedframe connection member
in the installed position; and

(ii) the side frame member and the non-storage module in a non-storage configuration, with the side frame member mounting
feature engaged with the non-storage mounting feature and the side frame connection member engaged with the bedframe connection
member in the installed position and;

wherein the side frame member is configured to selectively receive the storage module and the non-storage module without requiring
modification of the side frame member, storage module and non-storage module mounting features.

US Pat. No. 9,382,821

BIASED NORMALLY OPEN CHECK VALVE ASSEMBLY

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A check valve assembly for facilitating engine start-up, the check valve assembly associated with a hydraulic fluid pressure
chamber of the engine that is configured to receive a flow of hydraulic fluid, the check valve assembly comprising:
a body defining a lower bore, an upper bore and a valve opening formed therebetween, the lower bore defining a valve seat
and the valve opening defining a necked down channel fluidly coupling the upper and lower bores;

a metering groove formed in the valve seat, the metering groove configured to allow a controlled flow of the hydraulic fluid
through the check valve assembly to a hydraulically actuated valvetrain of the engine when the check valve assembly is in
a closed position;

a lower retainer coupled to a lower end of the lower bore to define a lower chamber housing a check ball, the lower retainer
defining a central support area for supporting the check ball and a plurality of valve inlets adjacent the central support
area;

an upper retainer coupled to an upper end of the upper bore to define an upper chamber, the upper retainer including an anti-siphoning
umbrella valve slidably coupled thereto and defining a plurality of valve outlets, the anti-siphoning umbrella valve configured
to open and close the valve outlets;

wherein the check ball is operable to engage the valve seat in a closed position and is biased in a normally open position
to engagement with the central support area, allowing air to flow through the check valve assembly and out the valve outlets
to purge air from the hydraulic fluid pressure chamber for the engine start-up, until hydraulic fluid enters the valve inlets
and causes the check valve assembly to move into the closed position such that the controlled flow of the hydraulic fluid
is supplied through the metering groove to the hydraulically actuated valvetrain.

US Pat. No. 9,352,676

VEHICLE SEATING ARRANGEMENT

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A seat for a vehicle, the seat comprising:
a seat base;
a seat back including opposed outboard lateral sides;
a pair of seat anchors outwardly extending from the respective lateral sides of the seat back;
an upper side cover positioned about each lateral side of the seat back above the seat anchor and in spaced relation thereto;
a discrete lower side cover positioned about each lateral side of the seat back below the respective seat anchor and in spaced
relation thereto, thereby providing an access space above and below the seat anchor; and

a pair of flexible wrap members extending, in a fastened position, about the respective seat anchors and around a portion
of the respective upper and lower side covers to cover the access spaces, each flexible wrap member non-removably attached
at a first end to the seat proximate a rear side of the seat back and removably coupled via a fastening arrangement at a second
opposed end to a front side of the seat proximate a front side of the seat back;

wherein, in the fastened position, each flexible wrap member is configured to substantially conform to an outer perimeter
shape of the respective upper and lower side covers and, in an unfastened position, be at least partially removed from contact
with the respective upper and lower side covers thereby providing access to the respective seat anchor via the uncovered access
space.

US Pat. No. 9,394,845

FUEL RAIL PRESSURE SENSOR DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A method, comprising:
detecting, at a controller for an engine, the controller having one or more processors, an upcoming deceleration fuel cutoff
(DECO) event; and

executing, by the controller, a first diagnostic routine for a fuel rail pressure sensor in response to detecting the upcoming
DECO event, the first diagnostic routine including:

deactivating a fuel pump;
commanding fuel injectors to inject fuel into the engine to decrease a pressure in a fuel rail to a desired minimum pressure;
receiving a first measured fuel rail pressure from the fuel rail pressure sensor;
deactivating the fuel injectors;
reactivating the fuel pump;
commanding the fuel pump to supply fuel to the fuel rail to increase the fuel rail pressure to a desired maximum pressure;
receiving a second measured fuel rail pressure from the fuel rail pressure sensor; and
detecting a fault of the fuel rail pressure sensor based on a pressure difference between the second and first measured fuel
rail pressures.

US Pat. No. 9,239,891

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING A MATED SURFACE OF AN OBJECT HAVING A PLURALITY OF MEMBERS

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A computer-implemented method, comprising:
receiving, at a computing device having one or more processors and being specially configured to execute a computer-aided
design program, computer-aided design data defining a three-dimensional object having a first member mated with a second member,
each of the first and second members being represented by a plurality of triangles, each triangle being defined by three vertices;

determining, at the computing device, an outer layer of the three-dimensional object;
determining, at the computing device, a mated surface of the three-dimensional object, the mated surface comprising portions
of the first and second members not in the outer layer,

wherein determining the mated surface comprises utilizing a recursive process to analyze each specific triangle of the plurality
of triangles, the recursive process including:

(i) classifying the specific triangle as in the mated surface when none of its vertices are located on the outer layer,
(ii) classifying the specific triangle as in the outer layer when all three of its vertices are located on the outer layer,
and

(iii) when at least one, but less than three, of its vertices are located on the outer layer:
(a) determining a size of the specific triangle,
(b) comparing the size of the specific triangle with a size threshold,
(c) classifying a predetermined percentage of the specific triangle as in the mated surface when the specific triangle is
smaller than the size threshold, and

(d) subdividing the specific triangle into a plurality of sub-triangles, each of the plurality of sub-triangles being included
in the plurality of triangles to be analyzed; and

modifying, at the computing device, the computer-aided design data to include data representing the determined mated surface.

US Pat. No. 9,175,621

ENGINE MANAGEMENT STRATEGY

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A method of controlling an engine system of a vehicle, the engine system including an engine having a plurality of cylinders,
the method comprising:
detecting, at a processor, engine knock in at least one cylinder of the plurality of cylinders;
calculating, at the processor, knock density for each cylinder in which engine knock was detected, each knock density being
indicative of an intensity of the detected engine knock in a corresponding cylinder;

for each cylinder in which engine knock was detected:
based on expected engine torque losses, determining, at the processor, whether to perform spark retardation or airflow reduction
to decrease the engine knock in the cylinder, and

based on the determining, performing, by the processor, spark retardation or airflow reduction for the cylinder, the airflow
reduction being proportional to the cylinder's calculated knock density; and

for each cylinder in which engine knock was not detected:
increasing, by the processor, airflow into the cylinder.

US Pat. No. 9,073,411

RELEASABLY MOUNTED AUTOMOTIVE WINDSHIELD

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A releasably mounted windshield assembly for a vehicle having a passenger compartment and a hood, comprising:
a windshield with a lower edge and an upper edge and having a frame adapted to be releasably coupled to a vehicle and a transparent
pane carried by the frame, the transparent pane has an inner surface defining part of the passenger compartment when the windshield
is in a first position;

a control mechanism coupled at one end to the vehicle and at its other end to the windshield, the control mechanism including
a pivot that permits the windshield to move relative to the vehicle so that the inner surface of the windshield faces the
vehicle when the windshield is in a second position, the lower edge is closer to the hood when the windshield is in its first
position, the lower edge is spaced farther from the passenger compartment than the upper edge when the windshield is in its
second position and the upper edge is closer to the hood when the windshield is in the second position than when the windshield
is in the first position.

US Pat. No. 9,067,274

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR SCHEDULING WELD EVENTS

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A system for optimizing a weld schedule comprising:
N welding apparatuses configured to perform welding operations, where N is an integer greater than 1;
a weld schedule optimization module that is configured to:
i) receive the weld schedule from a weld schedule source, the weld schedule defining N different weld sequences, each weld
sequence defining one or more weld events to be performed by a corresponding welding apparatus of the N welding apparatuses,
each one of the weld events defining a weld operation and a duration of the weld operation,

ii) for each one of the weld events, determine an amount of electrical current required to perform the weld operation defined
by the one weld event;

iii) determine, at a time point in the weld schedule, a total amount of electrical current required by the N welding apparatuses
based on the amounts of electrical current required by the weld events that are scheduled to be performed at the time point,
and

iv) compare the total amount of electrical current to a maximum current threshold, and
v) when the total amount of electrical current exceeds the maximum current threshold, generate a modified weld schedule by
modifying one or more of the weld sequences such that at least one of the weld events defined in the one weld sequence is
scheduled for a later time point in the weld schedule to re-order the weld events in the weld schedule; and

a weld control module that is configured to receive the modified weld schedule and controls the N welding apparatuses according
to the modified weld schedule.

US Pat. No. 9,224,252

METHOD OF DIAGNOSING THE RATIONALITY OF A HUMIDITY SENSOR OUTPUT SIGNAL

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. In an automotive vehicle having an internal combustion engine, a humidity sensor in an intake manifold of the engine and
an engine management system configured to control the engine, the humidity sensor coupled to the engine management system,
a method of diagnosing rationality of an output signal of the humidity sensor with the engine management system, comprising:
performing an onboard humidity sensor rationality diagnostic with the engine management system that includes continuously
performing diagnostic loops with the engine management system when the engine is running wherein each diagnostic loop includes:

reading the humidity sensor output signal with the engine management system;
determining with the engine management system a humidity capacity index based on pressure and temperature local to the humidity
sensor;

determining with the engine management system whether the humidity sensor output signal has passed the rationality diagnostic
based on whether the humidity sensor output signal has changed from a prior reading by at least a predetermined humidity test
threshold and determining that the humidity sensor passed the rationality diagnostic upon determining that the humidity sensor
output signal has changed from the prior reading by at least the predetermined humidity test threshold;

upon determining that the humidity sensor output signal did not pass the rationality diagnostic, determining with the engine
management system whether the humidity sensor output signal should have changed by the predetermined humidity test threshold
based on whether the determined humidity capacity index has changed from a prior determined humidity capacity index by at
least a predetermined humidity capacity index threshold and determining that the humidity sensor output signal failed the
diagnostic check upon determining that the humidity sensor output signal should have changed by at least a second predetermined
humidity test threshold and did not; and

determining with the engine management system that the humidity sensor output signal has failed the rationality diagnostic
upon determining that the humidity sensor has failed the diagnostic check a predetermined number of times and upon determining
that the humidity sensor output signal has experienced a failure of the rationality diagnostic, generating with the engine
management system a failure report that includes setting a fault code in memory of the engine management system and also setting
with the engine management system a user recognizable alert.

US Pat. No. 9,175,624

EXHAUST GAS RECIRCULATION CONTROL METHOD AND SYSTEM

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. An exhaust gas recirculation method for an internal combustion engine, the method comprising:
detecting, by a controller of the engine, a transient cycle of the internal combustion engine; and
in response to detecting the transient cycle of the internal combustion engine:
obtaining, by a controller of the engine, a target mass fraction of exhaust gas in an intake manifold of the internal combustion
engine;

determining, by the controller, a total mass flow rate out of the intake manifold, the total mass including at least one of
air and exhaust gas;

determining, by the controller, a current mass fraction of exhaust gas in the intake manifold;
calculating, by the controller, a target mass flow rate for exhaust gas into the intake manifold based on (i) a transient
coefficient, (ii) the flow rate of total mass out of the intake manifold, (iii) the target mass fraction of exhaust gas in
the intake manifold, and (iv) the current mass fraction of exhaust gas in the intake manifold; and

actuating, by the controller, a control valve to a position based on the calculated target mass flow rate for exhaust gas
into the intake manifold, wherein the control valve is configured to regulate a mass flow rate for exhaust gas into the intake
manifold.

US Pat. No. 9,150,067

UNDERBED SUPPORT ASSEMBLY FOR FIFTH WHEEL AND GOOSENECK HITCH SYSTEMS

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. An apparatus for attaching either a gooseneck trailer hitch or a fifth wheel trailer hitch to a truck bed, comprising:
a single cross-member attached to first and second truck longitudinal frame rails;
a gooseneck ball receiver coupled to the single cross-member and aligned with a gooseneck hitch opening in the truck bed;
and

a plurality of mounting pads spaced apart from the single cross-member and attached to the frame rails independent of the
single cross-member, the plurality of mounting pads aligned with a corresponding plurality of access openings in the truck
bed;

wherein the single cross-member is a suspension cross-member supporting at least first and second suspension members; and
wherein the plurality of mounting pads are each individually mounted directly over the first or second longitudinal frame
rails with a mounting bracket.

US Pat. No. 9,067,487

COLLAPSIBLE FUEL DOOR HOUSING FOR A VEHICLE

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

11. A fuel-door housing comprising:
a first housing and a second housing that cooperate to define an outer perimeter of the fuel-door housing, the first and second
housings-slidably attached to each other and moveable away from each other from an overlapped state to an expanded state with
the outer perimeter of the fuel-door housing expanded when the first and second housings have been moved to the expanded state;
and

a locking mechanism permitting relative movement between said first housing and said second housing in an unlocked state and
restricting relative movement between said first housing and said second housing when at least one of said first housing and
said second housing is moved away from the other of said first housing and said second housing a predetermined distance to
fix a relative position between said first housing and said second housing in a locked state.

US Pat. No. 9,303,571

TORQUE MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES FOR ENGINE SYSTEMS HAVING BELT-DRIVEN STARTER GENERATORS

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A method, comprising:
determining, at a controller for an engine system comprising an engine, the controller having one or more processors, a desired
torque output from the engine system in response to a torque request, wherein the engine is configured to generate torque
at a flywheel, and wherein the engine system includes a belt-driven starter generator (BSG) coupled to the flywheel by a belt
and an absence of a variable tensioner;

determining, at the controller, a current engine torque capacity; and
when the desired torque output is greater than the current engine torque capacity:
(i) determining, at the controller, a maximum engine torque capacity;
(ii) determining, at the controller, a current BSG torque capacity;
(iii) commanding, by the controller, the BSG to continuously operate as either a torque generator or a torque consumer while
the engine is running based on a difference between the desired torque output and the maximum engine torque capacity and a
state of a battery system configured to power the BSG;

(iv) maintaining, by the controller, a desired minimum tension on the belt without requiring the variable tensioner by continuously
operating the BSG as either the torque generator or the torque consumer while the engine is running; and

(v) controlling, by the controller, the engine and the BSG to collectively generate the desired torque output at the flywheel
of the engine.

US Pat. No. 9,221,465

ROUGH ROAD DETECTION AND MISFIRE CONTROL

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A method, comprising:
determining, at a controller of a vehicle, the controller including one or more processors, a wheel speed for each of two
front wheels of the vehicle and two rear wheels of the vehicle;

calculating, at the controller, a difference between (i) an average of the wheel speeds for the two front wheels of the vehicle
and (ii) an average of the wheel speeds for the two rear wheels of the vehicle to obtain an error;

setting, at the controller, a rough road detection bit when the error is greater than or equal to a threshold indicative of
an error corresponding to rough road;

monitoring, at the controller, the rough road detection bit for a period to obtain a hysteresis band; and
based on the hysteresis band, determining, at the controller, whether (i) the vehicle is traveling on rough road or (ii) an
engine of the vehicle has misfired.

US Pat. No. 9,174,645

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETECTING AND REDUCING HIGH DRIVELINE TORSIONAL LEVELS IN AUTOMOBILE TRANSMISSIONS

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A method comprising:
collecting N turbine speed samples from a transmission;
determining turbine speed from said N turbine speed samples;
determining an engine speed of a vehicle engine;
determining a target frequency indicative of a vibration disturbance in a vehicle based on said turbine speed, said engine
speed of said vehicle engine, and a number of cylinders of said vehicle engine; and

adjusting slip in a launch device of said transmission if said target frequency is detected.

US Pat. No. 9,725,082

IMPLEMENTING SKIP FIRE WITH START/STOP FEATURE

Tula Technology, Inc., S...

1. A method for implementing a start/stop feature in a skip fire engine control system, the skip fire engine control system
including an internal combustion engine having a plurality of working chambers, the method comprising:
implementing a stop/start feature that involves automatically turning off the engine under selected circumstances during a
drive cycle;

determining that the turned off engine should be restarted; and
during an engine startup period, operating the engine in a skip fire manner until a target engine speed is reached wherein
the skip fire operation of the engine involves firing at least one selected working cycle of at least one selected working
chamber and deactivating at least one selected working cycle of at least one selected working chamber such that air does not
pass through the at least one working chamber during the at least one deactivated working cycle.

US Pat. No. 9,487,069

LIFTGATE DIE CAST INNER PANEL SUB-ASSEMBLY

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A liftgate for a vehicle, the liftgate comprising:
a unitarily cast inner panel including:
a header member having a top edge and a bottom edge;
a pair of supports extending from opposite ends of the header member, the supports and the bottom edge of the header member
partially defining a window aperture;

at least one stiffener coupled to the header member and disposed between the top and bottom edges and between the opposite
ends of the header member; and

a lower section having a pair of side portions and a base portion, each side portion being coupled to a respective one of
the supports, the base portion spanning between the side portions; and

an outer header panel mounted to the header member to define a header cavity between the header member and the outer header
panel;

wherein the stiffener protrudes from the header member into the header cavity and is fixed to the outer header panel within
the header cavity.

US Pat. No. 9,321,310

PINION NUT RETAINER

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. An axle assembly comprising:
an axle component having a recess defining a wall portion;
a pinion shaft disposed within the recess;
a pinion nut received within said recess and threadably engaged to said pinion shaft to couple said axle component to said
pinion shaft; and

a retainer received within said recess and disposed between said pinion nut and said wall portion, said retainer movable between
a compressed state permitting movement of said retainer relative to said pinion nut and a first expanded state engaging said
pinion nut and said wall portion to restrict movement of said retainer relative to said pinion nut and said wall portion.

US Pat. No. 9,221,331

HEADLAMP AND AIR-INDUCTION SYSTEM

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A vehicle comprising:
an engine for propelling the vehicle;
a housing mounted to a body of the vehicle and including an airflow passageway extending through the housing;
a lighting assembly mounted to the housing and defining an air inlet of the airflow passageway and configured to emit a light
pattern in response to receipt of electrical current, the lighting assembly including a first light-generating unit that at
least partially surrounds the air inlet such that the light pattern at least partially surrounds the air inlet; and

a conduit connected to the airflow passageway for fluid communication therebetween, the conduit receiving air from the air
inlet and providing the air to the engine for combustion within the engine.

US Pat. No. 9,083,202

ALTERNATOR CONTROL FOR BATTERY CHARGING

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. An electrical system for an automotive vehicle, comprising:
an electrical generating machine having a voltage output set by a set point voltage, a battery coupled to the voltage output
of the electrical generating machine and an electronic control unit (ECU) that sets the set point voltage; and

the ECU selecting one of a plurality of control modes to control the electrical generating machine based on vehicle operating
parameters, setting a range for the set point voltage based on the selected control mode and setting the set point voltage
based on a feedback parameter for that control mode, wherein the control modes include a trickle charge mode wherein the feedback
parameter is battery charge current and the ECU sets the set point voltage to maintain the battery charge current at a predetermined
level and a regeneration mode wherein one of the vehicle operating parameters that the ECU bases determining whether to branch
to the regeneration mode is whether a vehicle brake has been applied and the ECU determining to branch to the regeneration
mode only if the vehicle brake has been applied.

US Pat. No. 10,014,666

SPARK PLUG WITH AIR RECIRCULATION CAVITY

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A spark plug assembly comprising:a housing having an inner wall defining a bore, the housing having an open end connected to the bore;
a ceramic insulator disposed within the bore and having a conical nose extending from the open end;
an insulator electrode extending from the conical nose;
a ground electrode coupled to and extending from the housing, wherein a spark gap is defined between the insulator electrode and the ground electrode;
a volume defined between the housing inner wall and an outer wall of the conical nose, the volume comprising:
(i) a primary cavity defined by the housing inner wall, the conical nose outer wall, the housing open end, and a necked down portion between the housing inner wall and the conical nose outer wall; and
(ii) a wide recirculation cavity defined by the necked down portion, the housing inner wall, and the conical nose outer wall, wherein the wide recirculation cavity defines a curved path such that gas flow entering the primary cavity is then received in the wide recirculation cavity in a first direction and redirected by the wide recirculation cavity in a second opposite direction to create an cooling airflow along the ceramic insulator and reduce a risk of low speed pre-ignition (LSPI).

US Pat. No. 9,399,389

REDUCED OFFSET LIFT-GATE APPLIQUE

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A vehicle comprising:
a vehicle body including a bumper assembly and a movable enclosure, the movable enclosure including an upper portion pivotably
secured to the vehicle body and a lower portion positioned proximate the bumper assembly when the movable enclosure is in
a closed position, the bumper assembly protruding outward from the movable enclosure when the movable enclosure is in the
closed position; and

a panel attached to an outer surface of the movable enclosure at the lower portion that reduces a distance that the bumper
assembly protrudes outward from the movable enclosure, the panel including an attachment portion that fixedly secures the
panel to the outer surface, and including a deformable portion that releasably secures the panel to a terminal edge of the
movable enclosure,

wherein upon receipt of an impact by the vehicle, the bumper assembly and the deformable portion are each operable to deform
to absorb the impact and at least minimize transfer of the impact to the movable enclosure.

US Pat. No. 9,403,447

VEHICLE SEAT INCLUDING AN INTERLOCK ASSEMBLY

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A vehicle seat, comprising:
a latch mechanism movable between a latched condition and an unlatched condition;
a seat frame bracket coupled to the latch mechanism and configured to be releasably secured to a vehicle floor via the latch
mechanism;

a seat back bracket rotatably coupled to the seat frame bracket, the seat back bracket being movable between an upright position
and a folded position; and

an interlock assembly configured to inhibit movement of the seat back bracket from the folded position to the upright position
when the latch mechanism is in the unlatched condition, the interlock assembly including:

a lever movable between an extended position and a retracted position,
a lever biasing member coupled to the lever and seat frame bracket and configured to bias the lever to the retracted position,
and

a pawl rotatably coupled to the seat frame bracket, the pawl coupling the latch mechanism to the lever such that movement
of the latch mechanism from the latched condition to the unlatched condition rotates the pawl and moves the lever to the extended
position, and movement of the latch mechanism from the unlatched condition to the latched condition permits the pawl to rotate
and the lever to move to the retracted position, wherein the lever directly contacts the pawl.

US Pat. No. 9,493,090

DYNAMIC BATTERY SYSTEM VOLTAGE CONTROL THROUGH MIXED DYNAMIC SERIES AND PARALLEL CELL CONNECTIONS

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. An electrified powertrain for a vehicle, comprising:
an electric motor comprising at least one coil and a rotor;
a battery system configured to output a high voltage, the battery system comprising a plurality of battery modules, each battery
module comprising:

a battery cell configured to generate a low voltage,
at least one series switch configured to connect the battery cell in series with at least one neighboring battery module,
a parallel switch configured to connect the battery cell in parallel with at least one neighboring battery module, and
a bypass switch configured to bypass the battery cell;
a motor drive module comprising a set of drive switches configured to provide an alternating current to each coil thereby
causing the rotor of the electric motor to rotatably turn and generate drive torque; and

a controller configured to:
(i) control the switches of the battery modules to maintain the high voltage of the battery system at a desired voltage, and
(ii) control the motor drive module to generate a desired alternating current for each coil of the electric motor.

US Pat. No. 10,012,161

TORQUE ESTIMATION IN A SKIP FIRE ENGINE CONTROL SYSTEM

Tula Technology, Inc., S...

1. A method for performing diagnostics on a skip fire engine control system, the skip fire engine control system including an engine having a plurality of working chambers, the method comprising:calculating an operational engine torque;
operating an engine in a skip fire manner to deliver the operational engine torque;
calculating a reference engine torque using a torque model wherein the torque model involves estimating torque individually for each working chamber;
comparing the reference engine torque to the operational engine torque to assess accuracy of the operational engine torque calculation;
identifying a potential error when a discrepancy between the calculated reference engine torque and the calculated operational engine torque exceeds a threshold; and
performing an action in response to the identification of the potential error.

US Pat. No. 9,312,800

CONTROL TECHNIQUES FOR AN INTERIOR PERMANENT MAGNET SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR OF AN ELECTRIFIED VEHICLE

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. An electrified vehicle, comprising:
an interior permanent magnet synchronous motor (IPMSM) configured to generate drive torque in response to a three-phase AC
voltage;

a power source configured to generate a direct current (DC) voltage;
a three-phase inverter configured to convert the DC voltage to the three-phase AC voltage for the IPMSM; and
a controller comprising a memory configured to store a set of instructions and one or more processors configured to execute
the set of instructions, which causes the controller to perform operations comprising:

control the three-phase inverter based on an initial switching frequency to generate the three-phase AC voltage;
determine transformed voltages in a rotating reference frame based on the three-phase AC voltage in a stationary reference
frame;

determine voltage ripples in the rotating reference frame based on the transformed voltages;
determine current ripples in the rotating reference frame based on the voltage ripples;
determine phase current ripples in the stationary reference frame based on the current ripples in the rotating reference frame;
determine a modified switching frequency for the three-phase inverter based on the initial switching frequency and the phase
current ripples; and

perform variable switching frequency pulse-width modulation (VSFPWM) control of the three-phase inverter based on the modified
switching frequency.

US Pat. No. 9,809,133

RECLINING SEAT ASSEMBLY

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

4. A reclining seat assembly comprising:
a seat frame defining a longitudinal axis and a backrest pivot axis generally perpendicular to the longitudinal axis;
a backrest frame supported by the seat frame for movement about the backrest pivot axis, wherein the backrest frame defines
a rear seat pan pivot axis generally below and parallel to the backrest pivot axis;

a seat pan having a forward portion and a rearward portion, wherein the forward portion of the seat pan is supported by the
seat frame for relative longitudinal movement, and the rearward portion of the seat pan is supported by the backrest frame
for pivotal movement about the rear seat pan pivot axis, whereby the backrest frame reclines relative to the seat frame upon
forward longitudinal movement of the rear seat pan pivot axis relative to the seat frame;

a backrest recline angle adjuster coupled to the backrest frame, the adjuster maintaining the rear seat pan pivot axis in
a selected one of a plurality of longitudinal positions relative to the seat frame;

the backrest frame defines an actuator pivot axis generally below and parallel to the backrest pivot axis; and
the adjuster includes a linear actuator carried on the seat frame, the actuator being pivotally coupled to the backrest frame
along the actuator pivot axis, wherein the actuator pivot axis is collinear with the rear seat pan pivot axis.

US Pat. No. 9,649,902

LINK ASSEMBLY FOR LONGITUDINAL ARM VEHICLE SUSPENSION

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A link assembly for a vehicle suspension comprising:
a link body;
a first attachment member at least partially disposed in said link body that defines a first axis;
a second attachment member at least partially disposed in said link body that defines a second axis;
a first bushing assembly at least partially disposed in said link body that supports said first attachment member in said
link body;

a second bushing assembly at least partially disposed in said link body that supports said second attachment member in said
link body; said first axis being spaced from said second axis by an off-set distance;

a longitudinal arm aligned with said second axis and connected to said second attachment member; said first axis and second
axis extending in different non-parallel directions, wherein said off-set distance is measured along a transverse axis that
is perpendicular to and intersects said first axis and said second axis, wherein said first bushing assembly and said second
bushing assembly each include a pair of ends and an outer face that extends between said pair of ends and wherein said link
body extends about said outer face of said first and second bushing assemblies in an abutting relationship.

US Pat. No. 9,533,637

SMART POWER OUTLET SYSTEM

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A smart power outlet system for a vehicle, comprising:
a power outlet control module;
a plurality of power outlets, each power outlet having an associated set of power switching devices, each power switching
device of a set of power switching devices coupled to a different power source;

the power outlet control module driving a display and responsive to user input via the display;
the power outlet control module energizing one of the power switching devices in each set of power switching devices corresponding
to a power source selected by a user via the display to provide power to the power outlet associated with that set of power
switching devices from the power source selected by the user; and

wherein each power outlet is coupled in series to its associated power switching devices through a resettable circuit protection
device, the power outlet control module monitoring the state of each resettable circuit protection device and displaying on
the display whether any of the resettable circuit protection devices is tripped.

US Pat. No. 9,062,752

PARK RELEASE APPARATUS FOR A TRANSMISSION

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A park release apparatus for manually shifting a shift-by-wire automatic transmission of a vehicle, the park release apparatus
comprising:
a base;
a variable length lever assembly pivotably coupled to the base and including first and second lever arms slidably coupled
to each other, the second lever arm including first and second lock engagement positions;

a coupling member connected at a first end to the variable length lever assembly and adapted to be coupled at a second end
to a shift lever of the transmission; and

a lock arrangement associated with the variable length lever assembly, the lock arrangement including a lock member and a
biasing member and configured to provide for selective movement of the first lever arm relative to the second lever arm between
a stowed position where the variable length lever assembly has a first length and a deployed position where the variable length
lever assembly has a second length greater than the first length, the lock arrangement configured to selectively maintain
the first lever arm in the stowed and deployed positions;

wherein the lock member is biased into engagement with the second lock engagement position when the first lever arm is in
the stowed position and with the first lock engagement position when the first lever arm is extended to the deployed position;

wherein actuation of the variable length lever assembly is adapted to move the shift lever to manually release a parking lock
of the shift-by-wire transmission.

US Pat. No. 9,809,127

COMPACT INTEGRATED BATTERY PACKS FOR HYBRID VEHICLES

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A compact integrated battery pack for a hybrid vehicle, the battery pack comprising:
a housing;
a plurality of battery cells disposed within the housing and configured to collectively output a primary voltage for powering
an electric motor of the hybrid vehicle;

a direct current (DC) to DC converter circuit disposed within the housing and configured to step-down the primary voltage
to a secondary voltage for powering low voltage components of the hybrid vehicle;

a control circuit disposed within the housing and configured to control (i) recharging of the plurality of battery cells,
(ii) output of the primary voltage, and (iii) output of the secondary voltage; and

an integrated cooling system disposed within the housing and configured to cool the battery pack.

US Pat. No. 9,457,632

COLLISION AVOIDANCE METHOD INCLUDING DETERMINING HEIGHT OF AN OBJECT FIXED TO A VEHICLE

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A method of determining a height of an attached object attached to a rear of a vehicle and avoiding a collision between
the attached object and an unattached object which is behind and unattached to the rear of the vehicle during reverse maneuvering
of the vehicle on a ground surface, comprising:
determining with an electronic control unit of the vehicle and a rear facing vision system of the vehicle an adjusted top
height Hb adjusted Of the attached object wherein the determination of the adjusted top height Hb adjusted of the attached object includes:

determining with the electronic control unit an angle ? which is an angle between a reference plane lying on the ground surface
and a line of sight of a camera of the rear facing vision system that is tangent to the attached object by an equation ?=arctan(Hc/Da) where Hc is a height of the camera above the reference plane and Da is a lateral distance between a perpendicular plane which extends through the camera and a point where the line of sight intersects
the reference plane and determining the lateral distance Da based on distance lines of the rear facing vision system wherein each distance line is indicative of a different distance
from the rear of the vehicle;

determining with the electronic control unit a distance Db that the attached object is away from the camera by using a perspective equation Db=f+f/ABS (yi/y0) where f is a focal length of a lens of the camera of the rear facing vision system which is pre-programmed in the electronic
control unit, yi is a height of an image of the attached object seen by the rear facing vision system determined by the electronic control
unit, yo is a height of the attached object pre-programmed into the electronic control unit and ABS (yi/y0) is an absolute value of ABS (yi/y0);

determining with the electronic control unit a height Ha from a top of the attached object to the camera by an equation Ha=Sin (?)*Db;

determining with the electronic control unit a height Hb that the top of the attached object is above the reference plane by an equation Hb=Hc?Ha; and

adjusting for error (E) with the electronic control unit to determine an adjusted height Hb adjusted that the attached object is above the reference plane by equation Hb adjusted=Hb+E where E is a fixed value;

determining with the electronic control unit whether the adjusted top height Hb adjusted of the attached object is lower than a clearance height of the unattached object wherein the clearance height of the unattached
object is a distance between a bottom of the unattached object and the ground surface,

upon determining with the electronic control unit that the adjusted top height Hb adjusted of the attached object is not lower than the clearance height of the unattached object, determining with the electronic control
unit whether the attached object would collide with the unattached object when the vehicle is reverse maneuvered too close
to the unattached object; and

in response to the determining with the electronic control unit that the adjusted top height Hb adjusted of the attached object is not lower than the clearance height of the unattached object and upon determining that the collision
would occur, alerting a user of the vehicle by having the electronic control unit display on a display an alert indicating
that the collision would occur.

US Pat. No. 10,043,352

TECHNIQUES FOR DETECTING A DISCONNECTED ENGINE AIR HOSE USING AN IN-LINE PRESSURE SENSOR

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A diagnostic system for a crankcase ventilation system of an engine having a boost system, the diagnostic system comprising:a pressure sensor (i) disposed in-line along a make-up air (MUA) hose of the crankcase ventilation system and (ii) configured to measure a pressure in the MUA hose, the MUA hose connecting an induction system of the engine at a point upstream from an intake manifold of the engine to a crankcase of the engine; and
a controller configured to:
detect a mild acceleration operating condition of the engine; and
in response to detecting the mild acceleration operating condition:
obtain a plurality of pressure samples based on the measured pressure by the pressure sensor, and
at least one of:
(i) compare each pressure sample to a neutral pressure threshold, calculate a ratio of pressure samples under the neutral pressure threshold to pressure samples over the neutral pressure threshold, compare the calculated ratio to a first fault threshold indicative of a disconnected MUA hose, and generate a first fault signal indicative of a disconnected MUA hose when the calculated ratio is less than the first fault threshold, and
(ii) compare each pressure sample to a pressure pulsation threshold, calculate a quantity of the plurality of pressure samples that are greater than the pressure pulsation threshold to obtain a pressure pulsation count, compare the pressure pulsation count to a second fault threshold indicative of a disconnected MUA hose, and generate a second fault signal indicative of a disconnected MUA hose when the pressure pulsation count is less than the second fault threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,863,356

FUEL RAIL PRESSURE SENSOR DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A method, comprising:
detecting, at a controller of an engine, the controller having one or more processors, an engine off event; and
executing, by the controller, a first diagnostic routine for a fuel rail pressure sensor in response to detecting the engine
off event, the first diagnostic routine including:

deactivating fuel injectors of the engine;
commanding a fuel pump of the engine to supply fuel to a fuel rail to increase the fuel rail pressure to a desired maximum
pressure;

deactivating the fuel pump;
receiving a first measured fuel rail pressure from the fuel rail pressure sensor;
reactivating the fuel injectors;
commanding the fuel injectors to inject fuel into the engine to decrease the fuel rail pressure to a desired minimum pressure;
deactivating the fuel injectors;
receiving a second measured fuel rail pressure from the fuel rail pressure sensor; and
detecting a fault of the fuel rail pressure sensor based on a pressure difference between the first and second measured fuel
rail pressures.

US Pat. No. 9,809,134

AUTOMATICALLY ALIGNING LATCHING ARRANGEMENT

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A seat assembly comprising:
a seat bottom;
a seatback attached to the seat bottom;
a striker pin fixed to one of a vehicle floor or the seat bottom;
a latch assembly mounted to the other of the vehicle floor and the seat bottom and including a latch plate having an opening
and a movable locking tab configured to retain the striker pin within the opening; and

a pivot bracket assembly including a first bracket member attached to the seat bottom and a second bracket member fixedly
mounted to the vehicle floor, the first bracket member being pivotably attached to the second bracket member and including
a plurality of curved elongated slots formed therein, wherein the curved elongated slots curve toward each other as they extend
downward away from the seat bottom; and

a plurality of pins each extending through a corresponding one of the curved elongated slots in the first bracket member and
a corresponding one of a plurality of apertures in the seat bottom,

wherein the first bracket of the pivot bracket assembly is movable relative to the vehicle floor and the seat bottom to align
the opening in the latch plate relative to the striker pin.

US Pat. No. 9,809,135

VEHICLE SEAT WITH CABLE FORCE REDUCER

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A vehicle seat comprising:
a seat base;
a movable backrest coupled to the seat base;
the vehicle seat having at least first and second backrest locking mechanisms, each backrest locking mechanism having a locked
state and an unlocked state, the backrest locking mechanisms when both are in the unlocked state allowing the backrest to
rotate relative to the seat base and when either backrest locking mechanism is in the locked state locking the backrest in
a fixed position relative to the seat base;

a case having a first slot, the case fixedly mounted to one of the backrest and the seat base;
a pulley including a pulley wheel and a first pin, the pulley wheel disposed within the case and translatable longitudinally
in the case, the first pin slidably received in the first slot and coupled to the pulley wheel for common translation with
the pulley wheel with the first pin translating in the slot when the pulley wheel translates in the case;

an input cable having opposed ends, with one end a case attachment end that is fixedly coupled to the case and the other end
a user input end that is configured to receive an input force from a user which pulls the input cable when the input force
is received, the input cable extending around a portion of the pulley wheel; and

at least first and second output cables, each output cable having opposed ends with one end a pulley attachment end and the
other end a backrest locking end, the pulley attachment end of each output cable is coupled to the pulley for common translation
with the pulley, the backrest locking end of one of the output cables is coupled to one of the backrest locking mechanisms
and the backrest locking end of the other output cable is coupled to the other backrest locking mechanism;

wherein the pulley and pulley attachment ends of the output cables translate longitudinally in the case in response to being
pulled by the input cable when the input cable is pulled with the output cables pulling upon the backrest locking mechanisms
to release the backrest locking mechanisms from their locked state to their unlocked state.

US Pat. No. 9,809,173

DEPLOYABLE CENTER CONSOLE

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A storage console for a vehicle having a floor, the storage console comprising:
a housing movable from a stowed position disposed beneath the floor to an upright position extending from the floor and defining
a first storage area in said stowed position, said housing including side walls that expand a size of said first storage area
when said housing is moved into said upright position, the side walls moving away from one another when said housing is moved
from said upright position to said stowed positon.

US Pat. No. 9,506,282

TUMBLE-HOME EXTENDING SLIDING DOOR SYSTEM

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A sliding-door assembly for a vehicle, the sliding-door assembly comprising:
a door movable relative to the vehicle between a closed state and an open state; and
a support arm slidably supporting said door relative to the vehicle and including a first housing and a second housing, said
first housing slidably attached to the vehicle, said second housing including an end pivotably attached to said door, wherein
the first housing and the second housing operatively engage with each other so that the second housing is linearly movable
relative to the first housing between a retracted state and an extended state, wherein a length of said support arm when said
second housing is in said retracted state is less than the length of said support arm when said second housing is in said
extended state,

wherein said second housing is received within said first housing,
wherein said first housing slidably engages a track in the vehicle such that said support arm moves relative to the vehicle
along a path having an arcuate portion and a linear portion as the first housing slides relative to the vehicle as the door
moves between the closed state and the open state, and

wherein said first and second housings are non-rotatably fixed relative to each other.

US Pat. No. 9,482,288

CLUTCH SYSTEM FOR A TRANSMISSION

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A clutch separator mechanism comprising:
a first clutch assembly, comprising:
a first clutch disk; and
a first friction plate,
a first separator spring; and
a first pair of snap rings, wherein:
a first snap ring of said first pair of snap rings is disposed between said first clutch disk and said first friction plate,
and a second snap ring of said first pair of snap rings is disposed on the opposite side of said first friction plate,

said first separator spring is disposed between said first clutch disk and said first snap ring of said first pair of snap
rings,

said first separator spring applies a force to said first clutch disk to move said first clutch disk away from said first
friction plate, and

said second snap ring of said first pair of snap rings permits said first clutch disk to move a limited, predefined distance
away from said first friction plate.

US Pat. No. 9,311,744

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR GENERATING AN OUTER LAYER REPRESENTATION OF AN OBJECT

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A method for generating a representation of just an outer layer of a three-dimensional object, the object represented by
a plurality of two-dimensional triangles, the method comprising:
receiving the plurality of two-dimensional triangles representing the object;
determining a three-dimensional bounding box having dimensions sufficient to encapsulate the object, the bounding box being
comprised of a plurality of voxels, wherein each voxel in the bounding box has a state value associated thereto, wherein the
state value of each voxel is initially assigned a default value;

determining an intersecting set of voxels from the plurality of voxels, wherein each member of the intersecting set of voxels
intersects with at least one triangle of the plurality of triangles;

changing the state value of the voxels in the intersecting set of voxels from the default value to a first value;
determining an outer set of voxels from the intersecting set of voxels, wherein each member of the outer set of voxels shares
a face with a voxel that is not a member of the intersecting set of voxels;

determining a non-intersecting set of voxels from the plurality of voxels, wherein the state values of the voxels of the non-intersecting
set of voxels are equal to the default value after the intersecting set of voxels is determined;

for each particular voxel having the first value as the state value:
identifying a neighboring voxel that shares a face with the particular voxel; and
changing the state value of the neighboring voxel to a second value if the state value of the neighboring voxel is determined
to be equal to the first value and the neighboring voxel shares a face with at least one voxel in the non-intersecting set
of voxels; and

isolating the voxels having the second value as the state value and generating the representation of just the outer layer
of the three-dimensional objection therefrom.

US Pat. No. 9,127,760

DIFFERENTIAL ASSEMBLY SHROUD MEMBER FOR SPIN LOSS REDUCTION

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. An axle assembly for a vehicle, the axle assembly comprising:
an axle housing assembly including a carrier housing; and
a differential assembly mounted in the carrier housing for rotation about a rotational axis, the differential assembly including
a unitary differential case, a differential gear set and a shroud member, the differential case defining an interior cavity
and a window having an outer perimeter, the window configured to provide access to the interior cavity for assembling the
gear set into the interior cavity;

wherein the shroud member is configured to be removably coupled to the differential case to cover the window and provide a
radiused contour aligning with a radiused contour of the differential case thereby reducing spin losses when the differential
assembly is rotating relative to the axle housing assembly.

US Pat. No. 9,119,472

MOVABLE SEAT INSERT

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A seat assembly comprising:
a seatback;
a seat bottom having an aft portion adjacent to the seatback, a front portion opposite the aft portion, and a central portion
disposed between the front and aft ends; and

an adjustment mechanism including a support plate supporting the central portion and translating relative to the front and
aft ends to move the central portion relative to the front portion between first and second positions, the support plate having
the same shape in the first and second positions.

US Pat. No. 9,810,128

SECONDARY AIR PUMP ASSEMBLY

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

5. A secondary air system for a vehicle, the system comprising:
an exhaust manifold configured to be coupled to an engine;
an exhaust gas conduit coupled to the exhaust manifold;
an air intake conduit configured to supply intake air to the engine;
a secondary air intake conduit coupled to the air intake conduit; and
a secondary air pump assembly fluidly coupled to the secondary air intake conduit, the secondary air pump assembly comprising:
a housing having an air inlet and an air outlet;
a pump disposed within the housing;
a position assembly disposed within the housing and configured to monitor a speed of the pump, the position assembly comprising
a hall-effect sensor and a target wheel having at least one permanent magnet; and

a valve assembly disposed within the housing and configured to facilitate preventing a backflow into the housing.

US Pat. No. 9,505,430

TECHNIQUES FOR DEACTIVATING STEERING WHEEL ACTUATORS TO PREVENT UNINTENDED ACTUATION

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A vehicle, comprising:
a steering wheel having one or more actuators configured to receive an input from a driver to control or actuate one or more
associated vehicle systems; and

a controller configured to:
detect a deactivation condition including:
(i) a speed of the vehicle being less than a predetermined vehicle speed for a predetermined period of time indicative of
the vehicle being in the process of parking, and

(ii) a transmission of the vehicle being in a reverse gear;
in response to detecting the deactivation condition, deactivating or disabling the one or more actuators of the steering wheel
until the deactivation condition is no longer present, wherein the controller is configured to ignore the input received from
the one or more actuators while they are deactivated or disabled.

US Pat. No. 9,464,590

VARIABLE STROKE DIRECT INJECTION FUEL PUMP SYSTEM

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A variable stroke direct injection fuel pump system for an engine, the system comprising:
a direct injection (DI) fuel pump including a stroke member and configured to pump a quantity of fuel based on a stroke of
the stroke member, wherein the stroke member is a plunger;

a variable fuel pump actuator assembly associated with a cylinder head of the engine and configured to activate the DI fuel
pump, the variable fuel pump actuator assembly comprising:

an actuator member in fluid communication with a control valve and configured to actuate the stroke member in response to
a pressure of hydraulic fluid at the actuator member, wherein the actuator member includes a piston,

the control valve configured to control the fluid pressure at the actuator member by controlling a flow of hydraulic fluid
to the actuator member, and

a hydraulic fluid pump configured to pump the hydraulic fluid to the control valve and selectively to the actuator member
in response to actuation by one or more lobes of a camshaft; and

an engine control unit (ECU) configured to control a variable stroke of the stroke member by controlling the control valve
to deliver a controlled amount of hydraulic fluid pressure to the actuation member based on one or more operating parameters
of the engine.

US Pat. No. 9,428,043

LIQUID VAPOR SEPARATOR DRAIN VALVE

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A liquid vapor separator drain valve assembly for a fuel tank of a vehicle, comprising:
a liquid vapor separator drain valve adapted to be positioned in the fuel tank, the liquid vapor separator drain valve including:
an outer housing defining upper and lower chambers separated by a divider member having a vent passage;
an upper housing coupled to the outer housing and having a body positioned in the upper chamber thereby partitioning the upper
chamber into an outer chamber and an inner chamber, the upper housing defining an upper port adapted to be in communication
with a carbon canister, the outer housing defining an external port in communication with the outer chamber and adapted to
be in communication with a fill limit vapor valve; and

a lower valve movably positioned in the lower chamber and an upper valve movably positioned in the inner chamber, wherein
the upper and lower chambers and the upper and lower valves are positioned in a vertically stacked, concentric arrangement;

wherein the lower valve is operable to vent fuel vapor from the fuel tank to the upper chamber in a rest position and seal
off the vent passage when liquid fuel reaches a lower predetermined level, and the upper valve is operable to vent fuel vapor
to the upper port i) from the vent passage and ii) from the external port when liquid fuel is above or below the lower predetermined
level, and to seal off the upper port when liquid fuel is above an upper predetermined level greater than the lower predetermined
level.

US Pat. No. 9,429,090

METHOD OF ESTIMATING CATALYST TEMPERATURE OF A MULTI-DISPLACEMENT INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A method of estimating temperature of a catalyst associated with a cylinder bank of a multi-displacement internal combustion
engine having multiple cylinder banks associated with multiple catalysts, comprising:
setting a temperature estimate of the catalysts associated with the multiple cylinder banks substantially equal to a base
model temperature;

determining deactivation of a cylinder bank of the multiple cylinder banks;
identifying a catalyst cooldown correction for the catalyst associated with the deactivated cylinder bank from a catalyst
cooldown model including time elapsed since deactivation of the cylinder bank; and

applying the catalyst cooldown correction to the temperature estimate of the catalyst associated with the deactivated cylinder
bank to update the temperature estimate of the catalyst,

wherein determining deactivation of the cylinder bank includes identifying that the cylinder bank has been deactivated while
a different cylinder bank is still operating in accordance with multi-displacement operation.

US Pat. No. 9,409,525

STORAGE BIN HAVING HIDDEN TOUCH PAD

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A storage bin configured on a pick-up truck having a passenger cabin spaced apart from a cargo bed, the storage bin comprising:
a storage bin body having an outboard wall, an inboard wall, a forward wall and a rearward wall that collectively define a
receptacle, the outboard wall forming a portion of an exterior of the vehicle, the forward wall oriented toward the passenger
cabin relative to the rearward wall;

a storage bin latch provided on the storage bin body and configured to move between a latched position and an unlatched position,
wherein in the unlatched position, the storage bin latch permits movement of the storage bin body as a whole to an open position;
and

a touch pad configured on the storage bin body at a location concealed from view behind the outboard wall, wherein upon actuation
of the touch pad, the storage bin latch moves to the unlatched position;

wherein the touch pad is positioned between the passenger cabin and the cargo bed on the forward wall of the storage bin body
directly facing the passenger cabin such that the touch pad is accessed by reaching between the passenger cabin and a forward
wall of the cargo bed.

US Pat. No. 9,353,692

START-UP STRATEGY FOR HYBRID POWERTRAIN

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A method for starting-up a hybrid powertrain comprising an engine, an over-running clutch coupled to the engine, an electric
oil pump motor coupled to the over-running clutch, and an oil pump coupled to the electric oil pump motor, the method comprising:
in response to a vehicle start-up command from a vehicle operator, evaluating whether predetermined conditions for a casual
start are satisfied, the casual start involving only the electric oil pump motor powering the oil pump to generate a desired
oil pressure within a desired start-up time period, the predetermined conditions including oil temperature, and the desired
oil pressure being for operation of a transmission of the hybrid powertrain;

starting the engine when the predetermined conditions are not satisfied; and
activating the electric oil pump motor for the casual start without activating the engine when the predetermined conditions
are satisfied.

US Pat. No. 9,127,759

THRUST WASHER AND TORQUE CONVERTER CONTAINING THE SAME

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A thrust washer for a torque converter, the thrust washer comprising:
an annular body having a curved front surface, an inner diameter, and an outer diameter;
a plurality of grooves extending along the curved front surface and arranged radially along the front surface, extending from
the outer diameter towards the inner diameter, the grooves having a first side, a second side opposite the first side, and
a width; and

a plurality of protrusions extending outward from the front surface and located between adjacent grooves in proximity to the
inner diameter;

wherein the front surface is curved such that a thickness of the thrust washer is greater at the inner diameter than at the
outer diameter.

US Pat. No. 9,074,684

TRANSMISSION GEAR SHIFT INDICATION TECHNIQUES

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A method, comprising:
determining, at a controller of a vehicle powered by an engine, the controller including one or more processors, whether a
gear shift of a transmission of the vehicle is occurring;

determining, at the controller, whether both an engine speed and a vehicle speed are stable;
in response to determining that a gear shift of the transmission is not occurring and after determining that both the engine
speed and the vehicle speed are stable, calculating, at the controller, brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) for each of:

(i) a current gear of the transmission,
(ii) a lower gear than the current gear of the transmission, and
(iii) a higher gear than the current gear of the transmission,
wherein the transmission is one of a manual transmission and an automatic transmission operating in a manual mode;
determining, at the controller, which of the current gear, the lower gear, and the higher gear has a smallest BSFC to obtain
a desired gear of the transmission; and

outputting, from the controller, an indication to shift the transmission to the desired gear.

US Pat. No. 9,062,637

TURBOCHARGED ENGINE PURGE FLOW MONITOR DIAGNOSTIC

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A diagnostic method for an integrity monitor switch of an evaporative emission control system for a fuel system in a vehicle
powered by a forced induction engine, the vehicle including a vacuum bypass valve and at least one check valve preventing
airflow from the engine back to the fuel system, the diagnostic method comprising:
in response to the forced induction engine turning off, initiating a timer and commanding, by a controller of the vehicle,
the vacuum bypass valve to open;

in response to commanding the vacuum bypass valve to open, determining whether the integrity monitor switch is open;
when the integrity monitor switch is open, commanding, by the controller, the vacuum bypass to close; and
when (i) the timer has expired and (ii) the integrity monitor switch is not open, detecting a malfunction of the integrity
monitor switch.

US Pat. No. 9,809,177

POLYMERIC COMPONENTS WITH INTEGRAL CONNECTORS

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. An assembly, comprising:
a first component formed from a polymer and including an exterior show surface and a first connector, the first connector
having a first opening surrounded by a retainer; and

a second component formed from a polymer and including an exterior show surface and a second connector, the second connector
having a second opening and a flexible and resilient tab that has an unflexed position in which the tab at least partially
overlaps the second opening, wherein the first opening is spaced from the show surface of the first component and the second
opening and tab are spaced from the show surface of the second component and, in assembly, first connector is coupled to the
second connector with the retainer at least partially extending through the second opening, the tab being received within
the first opening and overlapped by the retainer so that removal of the first component from the second component is inhibited
by interference between the tab and the first component, and wherein the show surface of the first component and the show
surface of the second component are both visible from an exterior of the coupled components.

US Pat. No. 9,784,195

CONTINUOUS ADAPTATION OF AN INTAKE OXYGEN SENSOR FOR PRESSURE, HUMIDITY AND AGING

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A method for use in compensating a sensor utilized in operation of an exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) system, the method
comprising:
receiving, at a controller of an engine system, the controller having one or more processors, a measurement from an untrimmed
oxygen (O2) sensor at a known pressure, the untrimmed O2 sensor positioned on an intake side of the engine system;

determining, at the controller, humidity compensation for the untrimmed O2 sensor measurement;

determining, at the controller, pressure compensation for the untrimmed O2 sensor measurement, the pressure compensation based in part on the humidity compensation; and

controlling, by the controller, the EGR system associated with the engine system using the untrimmed O2 sensor measurement that has been compensated for pressure and humidity;

wherein determining the pressure compensation includes determining, at the controller, the untrimmed O2 sensor measurement compensated for pressure and humidity (O2Corr) as:

where Pref represents a reference pressure determined at the controller, Psense represents each of the plurality of pressure measurements for each untrimmed O2 sensor measurement, Vsense represents each of a plurality of untrimmed O2 sensor measurements in terms of voltage, Vref represents a reference voltage of the untrimmed O2 sensor determined by the controller, Voffset represents an offset voltage associated with the untrimmed O2 sensor, and B and ? represent the respective slope and offset of a best fit error ration line of the plurality of untrimmed O2 sensor measurements.

US Pat. No. 9,506,557

GEAR BLOCKOUT FOR A MANUAL TRANSMISSION

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A shifter assembly for a manual transmission, comprising:
a shifter housing adapted to be positioned remote from the manual transmission in an interior of a vehicle;
a shift lever pivotably supported relative to the housing, the shift lever including a shift plane select member and a gear
engagement member each adapted to be operably coupled to the manual transmission, the shift plane select member adapted to,
upon movement of the shift lever in a first direction to a first and second gear shift plane, move to a shift plane position
to facilitate the transmission shifting into first or second gear, and the gear engagement member adapted to, upon movement
of the shift lever in a second direction along the first and second gear shift plane to a first gear position, shift the transmission
into first gear; and

a gear blackout positioned within the shifter housing, the gear blockout configured to be selectively actuated to (i) block
movement of the shift plane select member to the shift plane position thereby preventing the manual transmission from being
shifted into first and second gears, and (ii) block movement of the gear engagement member to the first gear position thereby
preventing the manual transmission from being shifted into first gear.

US Pat. No. 9,487,068

LIFTGATE INNER DIE CAST PROFILE

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A liftgate for a vehicle, the liftgate comprising:
a unitary cast inner panel including:
an upper section having a header member and a pair of supports extending from opposite ends of the header member to partially
define a window aperture;

a lower section, the lower section including a pair of side portions and a base portion that define lower aperture, each side
portion being coupled to a respective one of the supports, each side portion having a respective side edge that forms a respective
side of the lower aperture, the base portion having a base edge that forms a bottom of the lower aperture, and a top of the
lower aperture opening into the window aperture;

wherein the inner panel has an outer peripheral edge, and a nominal wall stock thickness “T”, and wherein a maximum radial
distance between the lower aperture and the outer peripheral edge is a function of the nominal wall stock thickness “T”, wherein
this function defines a distance that molten metal of which the inner panel is cast can travel without premature solidification.

US Pat. No. 9,470,195

FUEL SUPPLY SYSTEM WITH ACCUMULATOR

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A fuel supply system, comprising:
a fuel pump and at least one fuel injector;
a throttling regulator in fluid communication with the fuel pump and configured to provide fuel pressure at a nominal operating
pressure of the fuel supply system at the at least one fuel injector;

a flow-through regulator positioned between and in fluid communication with the throttling regulator and the at least one
fuel injector;

an accumulator positioned between and in fluid communication with the fuel pump and the throttling regulator, the accumulator
being a spring-type or compressed gas-type accumulator configured to accumulate fuel at an accumulator pressure, which is
greater than the nominal operating pressure;

wherein the throttling regulator is positioned between the accumulator and the flow-through regulator, the throttling regulator
configured to provide fuel pressure at or above the accumulator pressure between the fuel pump and the throttling regulator
while maintaining a supply of fuel to the at least one fuel injector at the nominal operating pressure thereby providing for
the accumulator to fill after fuel pressure between the fuel pump and the throttling regulator is at or above the accumulator
pressure, and

wherein the flow-through regulator is configured to selectively provide pressure relief when fuel pressure in the fuel supply
system at the at least one fuel injector is greater than the nominal operating pressure; and

a control module connected to the fuel pump for monitoring and controlling operation of the fuel pump, wherein the control
module monitors a current draw of the fuel pump as an indication of an outlet pressure of the fuel pump to control operation
of the fuel pump without requiring a pressure sensor, and wherein current draw values at which the fuel pump is deactivated
vary in relation to accumulator pressure.

US Pat. No. 9,394,990

MANUAL TRANSMISSION SHIFTER WITH GUIDE DEVICE FOR LASH REDUCTION

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A system for lash reduction of a shifter for a manual transmission, the system comprising:
a shifter assembly adapted to be positioned in an interior of a vehicle and including a housing, a shift lever pivotable relative
to the housing and a shift lever guide device positioned in the housing, the shift lever guide device defining a plurality
of longitudinally extending shift channels connected by a laterally extending select channel, wherein the channels define
a shift pattern for the shift lever;

a transmission gate guide associated with the manual transmission and defining a corresponding plurality of longitudinally
extending shift finger slots connected by a laterally extending select slot, wherein the slots define a motion pattern for
a shift finger operatively associated with the manual transmission, and wherein movement of the shift lever into one of the
channels operatively moves the shift finger into a corresponding one of the slots; and

wherein each of the channels includes a channel width complimentary to a width of a portion of the shift lever configured
to be received in the channels so as to substantially reduce lateral free play of the shift lever when received in one of
the channels while allowing longitudinal motion of the shift lever in the one of the channels;

wherein one of the slots and the channels includes a shorter longitudinal length than the other of the slots and the channels
such that, upon movement of the shift lever from the select channel toward one of the shift channels, the shift finger and
the shift lever enter the respective one of the shift channels and corresponding shift slot at different times.

US Pat. No. 9,321,450

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PROCESSING ENGINE ROUGHNESS FOR COLD START FUEL CONTROL VIA ELECTRIC MOTOR

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A system for controlling fuel injection in a hybrid vehicle, the system comprising:
an internal combustion engine having at least one fuel injector;
first and second electric motors each having a rotor and a stator, the rotors mechanically connected to the internal combustion
engine;

an engine controller connected to the at least one fuel injector; and
first and second motor controllers connected to the first and second electric motors and the engine controller;
wherein the engine controller controls the amount of fuel supplied to the fuel injector of the internal combustion engine
based on a calculated combustion stability value determined as a function of motor torque signals obtained from the first
and second electric motors via the first and second motor controllers.

US Pat. No. 9,178,383

CONTROL AND DIAGNOSTICS OF MULTIPLE ELECTRICAL GENERATING MACHINES USING AN EXTERNAL VOLTAGE REGULATOR

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. An electrical system for an automotive vehicle, comprising:
a plurality of electrical generating machines with each electrical generating machine including field windings energized by
pulse width modulated drive signals generated by an external electronic voltage regulator, the pulse width modulated drive
signals having a duty cycle determined by the electronic voltage regulator, the electronic voltage regulator varying the duty
cycle of the pulse width modulated drive signals to control output voltages of the electrical generating machines;

a controller, the controller selecting one of electrical generating machines to evaluate for failure and evaluating that electrical
generating machine for failure by causing the PWM drive signal for the field windings of that electrical generating machine
to be disabled and then determining that this electrical generating machine has failed if the duty cycle for the PWM drive
signals has then not been increased by the electronic voltage regulator by a pre-determined amount after the PWM drive signal
for the field windings of that electrical generating machine has been disabled.

US Pat. No. 9,162,552

SELF-LOCATING WATER-SOLUBLE GLASS SUPPORT

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. An installation system for installing a transparent pane into a frame, comprising:
a base member defining an elongate recess for receipt of the transparent pane; and
a magnet embedded within the base member for magnetically securing the base member to the frame,
wherein the base member is formed from a water-soluble material.

US Pat. No. 9,127,609

EXHAUST GAS RECIRCULATION SYSTEM AND CONTROL STRATEGY

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A method of controlling an exhaust gas recirculation system of a vehicle, said method comprising:
controlling an exhaust gas recirculation valve based on a current position of a vehicle accelerator pedal and predetermined
exhaust gas recirculation valve closing limits;

when the current position of the vehicle accelerator pedal is a pedal tip-out position, immediately closing the exhaust gas
recirculation valve without reference to the predetermined exhaust gas recirculation valve closing limits; and

performing active torque management based on driver requested torque in a slow path and driver requested torque in a fast
path to meet driver torque demand based on accelerator pedal position, including:

in the fast path, reducing fuel consumption so as to meet the driver torque demand using fuel control while, in the slow path,
delaying closing a throttle of the engine relative to the driver torque demand to provide for residual EGR in an intake manifold
of the engine to exit the intake manifold.

US Pat. No. 9,115,524

CLOSURE DAMPENING BUMPER

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A closure dampening bumper comprising:
a base operable to define a stop-bumper for a moving structure;
a pair of guide walls extending from the base and having respective inner and outer surfaces, the inner surfaces tapering
outward from one another such that a distance between the inner surfaces increases from the base to respective distal ends
of the guide walls, the pair of guide walls operable to receive the moving structure between the inner surfaces and guide
the moving structure to the base; and

a plurality of beams extending from the outer surfaces of the pair of guide walls, the plurality of beams elastically deformable
to dampen energy associated with the moving structure during passage between the inner surfaces.

US Pat. No. 9,109,674

ENHANCED ELECTRICALLY VARIABLE DRIVE UNIT

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. An electrically variable transmission, comprising:
an input member and a stationary member;
a first motor-generator and a second motor-generator;
a gear reduction arrangement including at least a first gear member coupled to at least one second gear member, the first
gear member coupled to the second motor-generator for common rotation therewith;

a first planetary gear set having a first sun gear member, a first ring gear member and a first carrier member rotatably supporting
a plurality of pinion gears in meshing engagement with the first sun gear member and the first ring gear member, the first
sun gear member coupled to the first motor-generator for common rotation therewith, the first carrier member coupled to the
input member for common rotation therewith, and the first ring gear member coupled to the at least one second gear member
of the gear reduction arrangement; and

a torque transmitting device configured to selectively fix or ground rotation of the input member to the stationary member
in at least one of a first rotational direction and a second opposite rotational direction;

wherein the gear reduction arrangement includes a second planetary gear set having the first sear member as a second sun sear
member the at least one second gear member as a second plurality of pinion gear members, a second ring gear member, and a
second carrier member rotatably supporting the second plurality of pinion gear members in meshing engagement with the second
ring gear member and the second sun gear member, and wherein the second ring gear member is rotationally fixed to ground and
the second carrier member is coupled to the first ring gear member for common rotation therewith.

US Pat. No. 9,090,243

HYBRID VEHICLE CONTROL

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A method of controlling a hybrid electric vehicle to warm-up a catalyst within a catalytic converter of the vehicle, said
method comprising:
determining, by a controller, a state of charge of a high voltage battery of the hybrid electric vehicle;
determining, by the controller, whether the high voltage battery is capable of accepting a first amount of charge in addition
to the determined state of charge, the first amount of charge associated with a first procedure to warm-up the catalyst to
a light-off temperature, the first procedure including controlling an engine of the hybrid electric vehicle to operate at
a first speed and a first torque;

performing the first procedure to warm-up the catalyst based on the controller having determined that the high voltage battery
is capable of accepting the first amount of charge; and

performing a second procedure associated with a second amount of charge to warm-up the catalyst to the light-off temperature
based on the controller having determined that the high voltage battery is incapable of accepting the first amount of charge;

wherein the second amount of charge is in addition to the determined state of charge but less than a charge limit of the high
voltage battery and the first amount of charge, and wherein the second procedure includes operating the engine at a second
speed higher than the first speed and at a second torque lower than the first torque.

US Pat. No. 9,567,920

REV-MATCHING WITHOUT GEAR OR CLUTCH POSITION SENSORS

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A system for rev-matching in a vehicle, the system comprising:
a manual transmission configured to transfer torque from a torque generating system to a drivetrain of the vehicle; and
a controller configured to:
predict an intent of a driver to shift gears of the manual transmission based on whether the vehicle is accelerating or decelerating;
predict a shift of the manual transmission from a current gear to a different target gear based on the predicted driver intent;
detect a trigger condition indicative of the predicted shift of the manual transmission based on a position of a clutch pedal
configured to control engagement/disengagement of a clutch of the manual transmission;

in response to detecting the trigger condition, modify a torque request for the torque generating system to obtain a modified
torque request; and

control the torque generating system based on the modified torque request.

US Pat. No. 9,542,029

VEHICLE MULTI-MODE VERTICAL-SPLIT-SCREEN DISPLAY

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A vehicle information system adapted to be received in a vehicle instrument panel comprising:
a touchscreen display having an active surface including a first region characterized by a height greater than a width,
a rear seat sensor that generates a first signal in response to the presence of a rear-seat vehicle occupant, and
an interface in communication with the touchscreen display and the rear seat sensor, wherein the interface receives vehicle-specific
information to be displayed in a first rendering characterized by a width greater than a height, and second application-specific
information to be displayed in a second rendering,

wherein in a first operating mode, the interface displays the first and second renderings in a vertically-stacked relation
on the first region of the active surface of the touchscreen display, and in a second operating mode, the interface displays
the second rendering over the entire first region of the active surface of the touchscreen display,

wherein the interface is adapted to receive the first signal from the rear seat sensor and identify a need to blacken at least
a portion of the touchscreen display in response to receiving the first signal, and

wherein the interface does not display at least one of the first and second renderings in response to identifying the need
to blacken at least a portion of the touchscreen display.

US Pat. No. 9,469,349

VEHICLE FLOOR ASSEMBLY

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A vehicle floor assembly comprising:
a floor frame defining a stowage cavity;
a first floor panel having a first end, a second end, and defining a pair of slots, the first end being coupled to the floor
frame, each of the slots being open at the second end and configured to receive one of a set of seat risers through the first
floor panel, the first floor panel being moveable relative to the floor frame between an open position wherein access to the
stowage cavity is permitted, and a closed position wherein the stowage cavity is at least partially covered by the first floor
panel to inhibit access to the stowage cavity;

a pair of first closeout members, each first closeout member being slidably coupled to the first floor panel and moveable
between a first position wherein the first closeout member is retracted relative to a corresponding one of the slots, and
a second position wherein the first closeout member is extended to block the corresponding one of the slots; and

a set of first biasing members configured to bias the first closeout members toward the second position.

US Pat. No. 9,470,187

EGR HEAT EXCHANGER WITH CONTINUOUS DEAERATION

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A heat exchanger for an exhaust gas recirculation system for an engine, the heat exchanger comprising:
an exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) heat exchange unit having a housing including an exhaust gas inlet end, an opposed exhaust
gas outlet end, a bottom side, an opposed top side, and a chamber wall partitioning an internal volume of the heat exchange
unit into a heat exchange chamber and a deaeration chamber;

the heat exchange chamber including a coolant inlet proximate the exhaust gas outlet end, a coolant opening in the chamber
wall proximate the exhaust gas outlet end, an exhaust gas inlet at the exhaust gas inlet end, an exhaust gas outlet at the
exhaust gas outlet end, a transfer passage coupling the exhaust gas inlet to the exhaust gas outlet, and a deaeration opening
in the chamber wall proximate the exhaust gas outlet end, the deaeration chamber including a coolant outlet proximate the
exhaust gas inlet end;

the heat exchange unit configured to cool exhaust gas flowing through the transfer passage with coolant flowing within the
heat exchange chamber and around the transfer passage; and

the heat exchange unit adapted to be mounted relative to the engine at an incline such that the deaeration opening is configured
to evacuate gas from the heat exchange chamber to the deaeration chamber and the flow of coolant into the deaeration chamber
from the heat exchange chamber via the coolant opening is configured to route the evacuated gas out of the deaeration chamber
via the coolant outlet;

wherein the deaeration chamber includes an exhaust gas outlet end height smaller than an exhaust gas inlet end height such
that the coolant outlet is positioned at substantially a highest area of the heat exchange unit relative to the bottom side.

US Pat. No. 9,434,381

COLLISION AVOIDANCE METHOD INCLUDING DETERMINING HEIGHT OF AN OBJECT FIXED TO A VEHICLE

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A method of determining a height of an attached object attached to a rear of a vehicle and avoiding a collision between
the attached object and an unattached object which is behind and unattached to the rear of the vehicle during reverse maneuvering
of the vehicle on a ground surface, comprising:
determining with an electronic control unit of the vehicle and a rear facing vision system of the vehicle an adjusted top
height (Hb adjusted) of the attached object wherein the determination of the adjusted top height (Hb adjusted) of the attached object includes:

determining with the electronic control unit an angle ? which is an angle between a reference plane lying on the ground surface
and a line of sight of a camera of the rear facing vision system that is tangent to the attached object by an equation ?=arctan
(Hc/De) where Hc is a height of the camera above the reference plane and De is a lateral distance between a perpendicular plane which extends through the camera and a point where the line of sight intersects
the reference plane and determining the lateral distance De based on distances lines of the rear facing vision system wherein each distance line is indicative of a different distance
from the rear of the vehicle;

determining with the electronic control unit the unadjusted top height (Hb) of the attached object by an equation Hb=Tan ?(De?Db) where Db is a lateral distance from the rear of the vehicle to a vertical plane extending through the attached object and intersecting
a top most point of the attached object;

determining with the electronic control unit an adjusted top height (Hb adjusted) of the attached object by adding a correction factor (He) to the unadjusted top height (Hb);

determining with the electronic control unit whether the adjusted top height (Hb adjusted) of the attached object is lower than a clearance height of the unattached object wherein the clearance height of the unattached
object is a distance between a bottom of the unattached object and the ground surface;

upon determining with the electronic control unit that the adjusted top height (Hb adjusted) of the attached object is not lower than the clearance height of the unattached object, determining with the electronic
control unit whether the attached object would collide with the unattached object when the vehicle is reverse maneuvered too
close to the unattached object; and

in response to the determining with the electronic control unit that the adjusted to height (Hb adjusted) of the attached object is not lower than the clearance height of the unattached object and upon determining that the collision
would occur, alerting a user of the vehicle by having the electronic control unit display on a display an alert indicating
that the collision would occur.

US Pat. No. 9,321,342

MULTI-MODE MODULAR ELECTRICALLY VARIABLE TRANSMISSION

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A modular electrically variable transmission, comprising:
one sun-shared module and one of another of the sun-shared module and a sun and ring-shared module assembled to form a two-module
electrically variable transmission such that one of the two modules forms a shiftable motor speed reducer (MSR) subassembly
and the other of the two modules forms an electrically variable transmission (EVT) subassembly;

the sun-shared module including a first motor-generator, a first input member, a first primary planetary gear set and a first
secondary planetary gear set each having respective primary and secondary ring gear members, carrier members and associated
pinion gear members, the pinion gear members in meshing engagement with a single first shared sun gear member that is non-rotatably
coupled to the first motor-generator, the first input member non-rotatably coupled to the primary carrier member; and

the other of the two modules including a second motor-generator, a second input member, a single second shared sun gear member
and a single shared ring gear member or a second primary ring gear member and a second secondary ring gear member, a second
primary planetary gear set having a second primary carrier member rotatably supporting pinion gear members in meshing engagement
with the second shared sun gear member and the shared ring gear member or the second primary ring gear member, and a second
secondary planetary gear set having a second secondary carrier member supporting pinion gear members in meshing engagement
with the shared ring gear member or the second secondary ring gear member and the second shared sun gear member that is non-rotatably
coupled to the second motor-generator, the second input member non-rotatably coupled to the second primary carrier member.

US Pat. No. 9,073,112

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING PRESS PARAMETER INPUTS IN A DRAW DIE PROCESS

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A control module that controls a draw die process comprising:
a press parameter database stored in memory that contains a plurality of press parameter combinations corresponding to a plurality
of different mechanical properties of materials, wherein each one of the plurality of different mechanical properties has
at least one press parameter combination corresponding thereto, and wherein each specific press parameter combination of the
plurality of press parameter combinations has associated therewith a probability of one of a successful draw die process and
a failed draw die process given the specific press parameter combination and the one of the different mechanical properties
corresponding to the specific press parameter combination;

a parameter determination module that receives mechanical properties corresponding to a plurality of blanks that are to undergo
the draw die process, retrieves a press parameter combination based on the received mechanical properties and a probability
associated with the retrieved press parameter combination, the probability being indicative of a likelihood of one of a successful
draw die process and a failed draw die process given the retrieved press parameter combination and the received mechanical
properties, and provides the retrieved press parameter combination to a draw die system that performs a first draw die process
on a first blank from the plurality of blanks; and

a feedback module that receives a result of the first draw die process, determines whether the first draw die process resulted
in failure or in success, and adjusts the probability associated with the retrieved press parameter combination based on whether
the first draw die process resulted in failure or in success.

US Pat. No. 10,160,355

VEHICLE SEAT VENTILATION SYSTEM AND CONTROL

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A ventilation system for a vehicle seat, the ventilation system comprising:a seat bottom blower unit configured to selectively draw airflow into a seat bottom of the vehicle seat;
a seat back blower unit configured to selectively draw airflow into a seat back of the vehicle seat; and
a controller in signal communication with the seat bottom blower unit and the seat back blower unit via a common control line, the controller configured to generate a common pulse width modulation (PWM) duty cycle signal
configured to independently control both the seat bottom blower unit and the seat back blower unit such that the seat back and seat bottom blower units are configured to selectively operate at different predetermined speeds based on the common duty cycle signal received via the common control line.

US Pat. No. 9,829,049

TRANSMISSION OR CLUTCH DIRECT COOLING TUBE

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A cooling assembly fluidly communicating with a vehicle cooling system, the cooling assembly configured for cooling a support
bearing disposed in a dual clutch transmission having a fixed transmission housing, the cooling assembly comprising: a coolant
tube having (i) an inlet end that receives a cooling medium from the vehicle cooling system, (ii) an outlet end that returns
the cooling medium to the vehicle cooling system and (iii) a heat transfer portion incorporated between the inlet end and
the outlet end; a mounting plate fixed relative to the transmission housing, the mounting having a plate body including a
bearing opposing surface and a transmission housing opposing surface, wherein the bearing opposing surface contacts the support
bearing; and wherein the heat transfer portion of the coolant tube is attached to the mounting plate such that coolant communicated
through the coolant tube reduces temperature of the mounting plate and therefore the support bearing.

US Pat. No. 9,592,777

POSITIVE LOCATING GROMMET WITH NVH FLAP

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A grommet for defining a pass-through in a vehicle wall and an acoustic mat that covers at least a portion of the vehicle
wall, said grommet comprising:
first and second sealing segments that are longitudinally spaced apart from one another;
a mounting segment including a flange extending from said first sealing segment, said flange having a wall-side face that
is configured to abut the vehicle wall;

a pass-through segment having a first end disposed adjacent to said flange and a second end that is disposed adjacent to said
second sealing segment;

an internal cavity that extends through said first and second sealing segments, said mounting segment, and said pass-through
segment;

said pass-through segment including a NVH flap that extends from said second end of said pass-through segment, said NVH flap
being configured to abut the acoustic mat; and

a grommet installation coupling including at least one mounting hole disposed in said flange that receives at least one mounting
stud extending from the vehicle wall and at least one engagement member that engages said at least one mounting stud and applies
an installation force to said flange to move said grommet longitudinally from a first installation position to a second installation
position and push said NVH flap against the acoustic mat such that said NVH flap is deflected back toward said flange when
said at least one engagement member moves said grommet to said second installation position.

US Pat. No. 9,594,123

TECHNIQUES FOR ESTIMATING BATTERY PACK PARAMETERS

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A method, comprising:
identifying, at a battery pack controller of an electrified vehicle, the battery pack controller including one or more processors,
N weakest battery cells of a battery pack that includes M battery cells, the identifying including:

determining an integer value for N that is greater than one and less than an integer value of M;
dynamically identifying the N weakest battery cells having at least one of (i) lowest voltages during discharging and (ii)
highest voltages during charging; and

dynamically identifying a high cell window (HCW) that contains N1 highest voltage battery cells during charging (LCW) that contains N2 lowest voltage battery cells during discharging, wherein N1 and N2 are each integer values greater than zero and a sum of N1 and N2 equals N;

determining, at the battery pack controller, one or more first parameters for only each of the N weakest battery cells, each
of the one or more first parameters indicating a parameter for a specific battery cell;

estimating, at the battery pack controller, one or more second parameters for the battery pack based on the one or more first
parameters for only each of the N weakest battery cells, each of the one or more second parameters indicating a parameter
for the battery pack;

outputting, from the battery pack controller and to a vehicle controller of the electrified vehicle, the one or more second
parameters for the battery pack; and

selectively regulating, by the vehicle controller, a driver torque request for an electric motor of the electrified vehicle
based on the one or more second parameters for the battery pack.

US Pat. No. 9,580,851

COMPOSITE PANEL STITCHING APPARATUS AND METHOD

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

9. A method for providing a stitch in a composite panel having an outer layer, and a substrate beneath the outer layer, comprising:
providing a substrate that has a first opening therethrough;
providing an outer layer that overlies the substrate and does not have an opening aligned with the first opening; and
piercing the outer layer with a needle carrying thread to form a second opening that extends through the outer layer at a
location aligned with the first opening so that the needle enters the first opening after piercing though the outer layer
and so that the thread is pushed through both the outer layer and the substrate via the second opening in the outer layer
and the first opening in the substrate.

US Pat. No. 9,543,874

DUAL ALTERNATOR SYSTEM

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A dual alternator system, comprising:
a main alternator controlled by an electronic voltage regulator and a secondary alternator system having a secondary alternator
controlled by a local interconnect network (LIN) controlled alternator voltage regulator;

an electronic control unit (“ECU”) coupled to the LIN controlled alternator voltage regulator by a LIN bus;
the ECU determining that the secondary alternator should be off when a duty cycle of a pulse width modulated drive signal
generated by the electronic voltage regulator to drive the main alternator is not above a low threshold and determining that
the secondary alternator should be operated to generate current when the duty cycle of the pulse width modulated drive signal
generated by the electronic voltage regulator to drive the main alternator is above the low threshold;

the ECU, when it determines that the secondary alternator should be off, sends a voltage setpoint signal to the LIN controlled
alternator voltage regulator having a low value that is well below nominal system voltage; and

the ECU, when it determines that the secondary alternator should be operated to provide current, sends a voltage setpoint
to the LIN controlled alternator voltage regulator having a high value that is well above a nominal system voltage and a maximum
excitation current limit (MECL) setpoint value.

US Pat. No. 9,421,634

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PERFORMING RESISTANCE SPOT WELDING

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A spot welding system comprising:
a power supply module configured to generate a first current;
a power delivery module configured to receive the first current from the power supply module and to generate a second current
from the first current;

a first electrode and a second electrode configured to resistively spot weld at least two weld pieces interposed between the
first and second electrode by receiving the second current, thereby causing the resistance and temperature of the weld pieces
to increase such that the weld pieces melt; and

a voltage control module configured to receive a current reading indicating a value of the first current, estimate a resistance
of the weld pieces as a result of the second current flowing through the weld pieces based on the value of the first current
and independent of a voltage difference across the first and second electrodes, and determine a phase angle value for setting
a voltage outputted by the power supply module based on the estimated resistance and a power profile that indicates an amount
of power to be delivered by the power delivery module over a period of time, wherein the power supply module adjusts the first
current based on the determined phase angle value.

US Pat. No. 9,395,233

MASS, DRAG COEFFICIENT AND INCLINATION DETERMINATION USING ACCELEROMETER SENSOR

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A method of equipping a vehicle to determine and use at least one vehicle driving characteristic, the method comprising:
providing one or more accelerometers in the vehicle, at least one of the one or more accelerometers configured to output a
plurality of accelerometer signals representing vehicle acceleration values at different times;

providing a speed sensor in the vehicle configured to output a plurality of vehicle speed signals representing vehicle speed
values at different times;

determining, via a processor of the vehicle, a plurality of vehicle drive force values representing vehicle drive force at
different times;

coupling the one or more accelerometers and speed sensor with the processor, the processor configured to process the plurality
of accelerometer signals and vehicle drive force values to determine as an output signal a mass of the vehicle based on a
difference between at least a portion of the plurality of accelerometer signals at different times and a difference between
at least a portion of the vehicle drive force values that correspond in time with the portion of the plurality of accelerometer
signals;

configuring the processor to determine the mass of the vehicle during vehicle operation by:
plotting the vehicle drive force values as a function of the vehicle speed values and the vehicle acceleration values, wherein
each of the vehicle drive force, the vehicle speed, and the vehicle acceleration is assigned to a coordinate axes of a three-dimensional
orthogonal coordinate system, and

determining, using a least squares method, an interpolated surface that best fits the plotted values, the vehicle's mass being
a slope of the interpolated surface in a drive force and acceleration plane of the plot; and

coupling the processor with a vehicle control system, the vehicle control system configured to adjust, based on the vehicle
mass output signal, at least one of an automatic trailer brake system, an electronic stability control system, and transmission
shift control logic.

US Pat. No. 9,381,807

ELECTRONIC SHIFTER LIMP-HOME TECHNIQUES

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A vehicle, comprising:
an electronic shifter configured to electronically control shifting of a transmission in response to a gear control input
provided by operation of the electronic shifter;

a steering wheel (i) configured to control steering of the vehicle and (ii) having one or more actuators associated with one
or more vehicle systems other than the transmission in a non-malfunction state of the electronic shifter;

a display configured to display information; and
a controller configured to:
detect a malfunction of the electronic shifter,
in response to detecting the malfunction of the electronic shifter:
(i) control the display to output driver assist information that is adapted to instruct a driver of the vehicle in providing
the gear control input via the one or more actuators of the steering wheel, the driver assist information including (a) a
current gear of the transmission and (b) how the one or more actuators of the steering wheel are configured to control various
gears of the transmission; and

(ii) after the display outputs the driver assist information, receive the gear control input from the one or more actuators
of the steering wheel, and

control shifting of the transmission in response to the gear control input received from the one or more actuators of the
steering wheel.

US Pat. No. 9,121,359

STEPPED IDLE RETURN FOR MULTIAIR EQUIPPED ENGINES WITH HIGH AERATION

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A method of controlling an engine of a vehicle to set a speed of the engine to a predetermined idle speed, the method comprising:
determining, by a controller of the engine, an aeration of an oil utilized by a valve lift system configured to control valve
lift of the engine;

determining, by the controller, whether the oil aeration is greater than a predetermined aeration threshold indicative of
a potential stall of the engine due to valve lift loss;

when the oil aeration is greater than the predetermined aeration threshold, commanding, by the controller, the engine speed
to an intermediate idle speed for a predetermined time period, the intermediate idle speed being greater than the predetermined
idle speed; and

in response to the predetermined time period expiring, commanding, by the controller, the engine speed to the predetermined
idle speed.

US Pat. No. 10,137,841

AUTOMOTIVE VEHICLE WITH EXPANDABLE UNDERSEAT STORAGE COMPARTMENT

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. An automotive vehicle having an expandable underseat storage compartment, comprising;a floor and at least one row of rear seats;
an elongated seat support member that extends upwardly from the floor of the vehicle and supports the row of rear seats, the elongated seat support member having a middle portion that extends laterally across the vehicle and right and left end pedestals that extend longitudinally forward from right and left ends of the middle portion;
right and left bracket plates disposed adjacent outer walls of the right and left end pedestals, the right and left bracket plates fixedly attached to one or both of the vehicle floor and respective ones of the right and left end pedestals of the elongated seat support member;
a front panel assembly extending laterally across the vehicle in front of the right and left end pedestals and rotatably coupled to the right and left bracket plates;
the elongated seat support member, the right and left bracket plates and the front panel assembly defining a storage area of the storage compartment wherein the middle portion of the elongated seat support member defines a rear side of the storage compartment, the right and left end pedestals and the right and left bracket plates define right and left sides of the storage compartment and the front panel assembly defines a front side of the storage compartment;
the front panel assembly movable between an extended position and a retracted position wherein when the front panel assembly is in the extended position the storage area of the storage compartment is larger than when the front panel assembly is in the retracted position, the front panel assembly having a primary panel and a secondary panel hingedly attached to each other along respective lateral edges
wherein when the front panel assembly is in the retracted position the primary and secondary panels lay against each other in a vertical position with the hingedly attached lateral edges of the primary and secondary panels being upper lateral edges of the primary and secondary panels and the primary and secondary panels are adjacent front edges of the right and left end pedestals of the elongated seat support member and the vertical primary and secondary panels define the front side of the storage compartment with the storage space defined by the primary panel and the elongated seat support member; and
when the front panel assembly is moved to the extended position, the primary panel is rotated forwardly and downwardly and extends forwardly from the right and left end pedestals and the secondary panel is rotated forwardly and upwardly so that it extends vertically upwardly from the primary panel wherein the vertical secondary panel when the front panel assembly is in the extended positioned is spaced forwardly from a position of the vertical primary and second panels when the front panel assembly is in the retracted position and the storage space is defined by the vertical secondary panel, the right and left bracket plates and the elongated seat support member.

US Pat. No. 10,099,556

DUAL STACKABLE MODULE SUPPORT FOR VEHICLE

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A module support bracket for an instrument panel of a vehicle, the module support bracket comprising:a first module receiving surface defining an internal aperture, the first module receiving surface configured to receive a first module; and
a second module receiving surface arranged within the internal aperture on a different plane than the first module receiving surface, the second module receiving surface configured to receive a second module in a stacked relationship to the first module;
wherein the second module is configured to be inserted through an opening in the instrument panel in an installation direction to couple the second module to the second module receiving surface, and the first module is configured to be subsequently inserted through the opening in the instrument panel in the installation direction to couple the first module adjacent the second module in a compact arrangement.

US Pat. No. 9,944,335

SINGLE FORM MULTI-AIRFOIL ELEMENT REAR AERODYNAMIC WING

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A multi-airfoil element wing comprising:a central single-airfoil element;
an outer dual-airfoil element positioned outboard of each side of the central single-airfoil element;
wherein a single-piece member defines aerodynamic surfaces of the central single-airfoil element and both of the outer dual-airfoil elements.

US Pat. No. 9,919,659

ADJUSTABLE MOBILE-DEVICE HOLDER

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A vehicle seat comprising:
a seatback having a rearward-facing exterior surface and a recess formed in the rearward-facing exterior surface;
a cover connected to the seatback at a hinge and rotatable relative to the seatback between a stowed position in which the
cover closes the recess and deployed position in which the cover opens the recess;

a housing movably attached to the cover;
a plurality of arms movably connected to the housing, each arm including a body, a gripping flange extending from an end of
the body, and a protrusion extending from the body; and

a plate rotatably mounted to the housing and including a plurality of elongated arcuate slots, each of the plurality of elongated
arcuate slots slidably receiving a corresponding one of the protrusions such that rotation of the plate relative to the housing
in a first direction causes corresponding linear movement of the plurality of arms toward each other and rotation of the plate
relative to the housing in a second direction causes corresponding linear movement of the plurality of arms away from each
other, wherein each protrusion is received in a corresponding one of the elongated arcuate slots throughout the entire range
of linear movement of the plurality of arms.

US Pat. No. 9,835,120

INTEGRAL PURGE EJECTOR TEE ARRANGEMENT IN A TURBOCOMPRESSOR

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A turbocompressor associated with a fuel vapor emissions system that is coupled to an intake manifold of an engine, the
turbocompressor comprising:
a boost purge ejector tee integrated into a turbocompressor associated with the engine, the boost purge ejector tee including:
a first passage formed into a housing of the turbocompressor along a common axis from a first direction, the first passage
including an outlet in communication with an inlet area of the turbocompressor;

a second passage formed into the housing along the common axis from a second direction, the second passage intersecting an
internal outlet area of the housing to form a boost air inlet in communication with the outlet area and being fluidly coupled
to the first passage, the first and second passages of the housing defining a first flow path from the internal outlet area
to the turbocompressor inlet;

an inlet port associated with the housing and intersecting the first passage, the housing defining a second flow path from
the inlet port to the outlet, the second flow path intersecting the first flow path upstream of the outlet; and

a nozzle positioned in the second passage such that an outlet of the nozzle is proximate the intersection of the first flow
path with the second flow path;

wherein during a boost operation mode, the second passage is adapted to receive boost air flow, which flows through the nozzle
along the first flow path thereby creating a vacuum and drawing purge through the inlet port.

US Pat. No. 9,719,435

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR REAL-TIME ANGLE-DOMAIN MEASUREMENT OF FILTERED CYLINDER PRESSURE

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A cylinder pressure measurement system, comprising:
a first analog cylinder pressure sensor configured to generate a first analog cylinder pressure signal indicative of pressure
in a first cylinder of an engine;

an engine position sensor configured to generate an angular position signal indicative of an angular position of the engine;
and

a controller configured to:
receive the first analog cylinder pressure signal and the angular position signal;
convert the first analog cylinder pressure signal to obtain a first digital cylinder pressure signal by (i) windowing the
first analog cylinder pressure signal in the angle-domain using the angular position signal and (ii) sampling the windowed
first analog cylinder pressure signal in the time-domain;

filter the digital cylinder pressure signal in the time-domain to obtain a first filtered digital cylinder pressure signal;
obtain a measured pressure in the first cylinder of the engine in the angle domain by sampling the first filtered digital
cylinder pressure signal using the angular position signal; and

control operation of the engine using the measured cylinder pressure in the first cylinder of the engine.

US Pat. No. 9,593,770

AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION SHIFTER WITH SPEED SENSITIVE DAMPING

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. An electronic shifter assembly for a shift-by-wire transmission, the shifter assembly comprising:
a shift lever including a coupling member pivotably coupling the shift lever to a base of the electronic shifter assembly;
a speed sensitive damping arrangement housed within the base, the damping arrangement including:
a housing member associated with the base and defining an internal cavity;
a shaft member extending from the coupling member and received in the internal cavity;
a plurality of stacked plates associated with the shaft member and the internal cavity, at least one of the stacked plates
keyed to the shaft member and at least another one of the stacked plates keyed to the housing member such that rotation of
the shaft member via movement of the shift lever causes relative movement of the at least one and the at least another one
of the stacked plates; and

a high shear damping grease packed into the internal cavity and about the plurality of stacked plates thereby providing resistance
to movement of the at least one of the stacked plates keyed to the shaft member;

wherein the damping arrangement is configured to provide speed sensitive damping to the shift lever such that a resistance
to movement of the shift lever provided by the damping arrangement increases with increasing speed of movement of the shift
lever.

US Pat. No. 9,573,490

RECLINING SEAT FOR A VEHICLE

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A vehicle seat comprising:
a seat base;
a seat bottom frame pivotally coupled to the seat base such that the seat bottom frame is movable between a seating position,
a stowed position, and a reclined position;

a seat guide assembly configured to couple to a vehicle wall, the seat guide assembly including a guide bracket having a slot
formed therein, and a pin extending through the slot and configured to travel along the slot; and

a seat back frame having an upper end, a lower end, and a latch coupled to the upper end, wherein the lower end is pivotally
coupled to the seat bottom frame, and the latch is configured to receive the pin,

wherein the seat back frame upper end travels with the latch and pin along the slot such that the seat back frame is movable
between a seating position, a stowed position, and a reclined position along a predetermined path relative to the vehicle
wall.

US Pat. No. 9,429,047

TECHNIQUES FOR DESIGNING CUSTOM CONTOURED ROCKER ARM PADS AND CUSTOM CONTOURED CAMSHAFT LOBES

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A method, comprising:
receiving, at a computing device including one or more processors, parameters for a rocker arm and a valve of an engine and
a contact point path defining a plurality of contact points between a pad of the rocker arm and a tip of the valve at various
rotation angles of the rocker arm, the engine including a camshaft having a lobe operable to actuate the rocker arm via a
follower or follower/pushrod, the valve having a stem and a guide;

calculating, at the computing device, one or more metrics based on the contact point path, the one or more metrics including
at least one of (i) a valve tip wear metric and (ii) a stem-to-guide collision energy of the valve;

outputting, at the computing device, the one or more metrics;
receiving, at the computing device and based on the one or more metrics, an adjustment to the contact point path from a user
to obtain a modified contact point path that satisfies a design objective of decreased valve tip wear or decreased valve tick,
the modified contact point path causing at least one of the one or more metrics to decrease below a respective predetermined
threshold;

determining, at the computing device, custom contours for the rocker arm pad and the camshaft lobe based on the modified contact
point path;

based on the custom contours for the rocker arm pad and the camshaft lobe, generating, at the computing device, a set of instructions
for machining a custom contoured rocker arm pad and a custom contoured camshaft lobe; and

transmitting, from the computing device and to machining components via a network, the set of instructions, wherein receipt
of the set of instructions is configured to cause the machining components to machine the custom contoured rocker arm pad
and the custom contoured camshaft lobe.

US Pat. No. 9,067,525

ADJUSTABLE LOADING RAMP SYSTEM FOR A VEHICLE

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A ramp system for a pickup truck having a bed and a tailgate, the ramp system comprising:
a longitudinal bed channel recessed into a floor of the bed, the bed channel defining a bottom surface having a longitudinal
bed track;

a longitudinal tailgate channel recessed into an inner panel of the tailgate, the tailgate channel aligned with the bed channel
and defining a bottom surface having a longitudinal tailgate track, the inner panel facing the floor of the bed when the tailgate
is in a closed position;

a lateral tailgate track recessed into the inner panel and extending substantially transverse to and in communication with
the bed and longitudinal tailgate tracks; and

a ramp member having a track member, the ramp member configured to be stowed in the bed channel in a stowed position and slidable
in the bed and tailgate channels from the stowed position to a fully deployed position during which the track member moves
along the respective bed and longitudinal tailgate tracks and into the lateral tailgate track without having to raise the
track member out of the respective bed and longitudinal tailgate tracks;

wherein upon the track member being received in the lateral tailgate track, the ramp member is laterally adjustable while
coupled to the tailgate through movement of the track member in the lateral tailgate track.

US Pat. No. 10,137,946

VEHICLE UNDERBODY PANEL ASSEMBLY

FCA US LLC, Auburn Mills...

1. A vehicle comprising:a vehicle body having an underside; and
a mesh underbody panel attached to the underside of the vehicle body and shielding vehicle components from a ground surface upon which the vehicle is situated such that the mesh underbody panel and the ground surface define a pathway through which air flows while the vehicle is in motion, the mesh underbody panel having apertures extending therethrough that allow airflow through the mesh underbody panel while the vehicle is stopped or traveling within a low-speed range and restrict airflow through the mesh underbody panel while the vehicle is traveling within a high-speed range,
wherein the apertures are angled such that the apertures extend toward a rear end of the vehicle as the apertures extend toward the ground surface upon which the vehicle is situated.

US Pat. No. 10,089,798

VEHICLE WITH VARIABLE POSITION AJAR SENSOR

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. An automotive vehicle, comprising:at least one access cover movable between first and second positions;
a variable position ajar sensor that senses a position of the access cover at least along a path between the first position and a third position that is between the first and second positions;
an electronic control unit having a normal mode and a learn mode;
the electronic control unit when in the normal mode configured to respond to a position of the access cover sensed by the variable position ajar sensor, compare the sensed position to a stored closed position stored in a memory of the electronic control unit and determine that the access cover is closed when the sensed position matches the stored position and that the access cover is ajar when the sensed position does not match the stored position;
the electronic control unit when in the learn mode configured to respond to a position of the access cover sensed by the variable position ajar sensor and store that position in the memory of the electronic control unit as the stored closed position; and
the electronic control unit configured to be responsive to a user input to transition between the normal mode and the learn mode, wherein the user input is one of:
a diagnostic command received on a communications bus of the vehicle to which the electronic control unit is coupled to transition from the normal mode to the learn mode; and
a signal from a user actuated switch coupled to the electronic control unit.

US Pat. No. 9,945,163

VEHICLE DOOR HANDLE APPARATUS AND TWO-SHOT INJECTION MOLDING PROCESS FOR PRODUCING COMPONENTS WITH A METALLIC SURFACE FINISH

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A method for producing an injection molded component having a metallic surface finish comprising the steps of:heating a first material containing an engineering thermoplastic and glass fibers for reinforcement to a first temperature that is above a melting point of the first material;
injecting a first shot of the first material into a mold cavity at a first volumetric flowrate, the mold cavity defining a volume of the injection molded component and the first volumetric flowrate ranging from 33 percent of the volume of the injection molded component per second to 100 percent of the volume of the injection molded component per second;
holding a surface of the mold cavity at a second temperature that is below the melting point of the first material in order to cool the first material that was injected into the mold cavity and form a structural core of the injection molded component;
heating a second material containing the engineering thermoplastic and a milled material to a third temperature that is above a melting point of the second material;
injecting a second shot of the second material into the mold cavity between the surface of the mold cavity and the structural core at a second volumetric flowrate that is less than the first volumetric flowrate in order to avoid metameric failure caused by disrupting the distribution and orientation of the milled material in the second material, the second volumetric flowrate ranging from 5 percent of the volume of the injection molded component per second to 25 percent of the volume of the injection molded component per second;
holding the surface of the mold cavity at a fourth temperature that is greater than the second temperature and less than melting point of the second material in order to fuse the second material injected into the mold cavity with the first material of the structural core and form an outer layer around the structural core that is made of the second material and that has a uniform metallic surface finish provided by the milled material; and
removing the injection molded component comprising the structural core and the outer layer from the mold cavity.

US Pat. No. 9,878,333

WELD BALL COLLECTION IN A PHOSPHATE SYSTEM

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

4. A phosphate system, comprising:
a plurality of stages including a plurality of full immersion tanks having solutions therein;
a plurality of skids on which respective metal structures are receivable;
a plurality of hangers that carry the plurality of skids through the plurality of stages of the phosphate system including
the plurality of full immersion tanks having solutions and immerse the plurality of skids in the solutions in the plurality
of full immersion tanks; and

each of at least some of the plurality of hangers having a respective attached magnet ,each of the at least some of the plurality
of hangers having the magnet attached to a section of that hanger that is immersed in the solution of each full immersion
tank when the skid carried by that hanger is immersed in the solution of that full immersion tank wherein the magnet collects
weld balls disposed in the solution by magnetically attracting the weld balls to the magnet.

US Pat. No. 9,644,630

SUPERCHARGER WITH INTEGRATED CONTRACTION CHAMBER FOR NOISE ATTENUATION

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A supercharger for a vehicle, the supercharger comprising:
a lower body housing a compressor;
an upper lid configured to be coupled to the lower body thereby forming a plenum, the upper lid defining an air circulation
port, the upper lid extending along a longitudinal length from a rear side to an opposed upstream front side and between opposed
lateral sides, the air circulation port being disposed at the front side; and

a contraction chamber integrally formed in the upper lid adjacent to the air circulation port, the contraction chamber including
an attenuator plate defining a tuning neck, the tuning neck defining an inlet to and part of a volume of the contraction chamber;

wherein the tuning neck includes a predetermined size and shape configured to attenuate a desired sound frequency generated
by operation of the supercharger;

wherein the attenuation plate is positioned perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of the upper lid that extends parallel to
the longitudinal length, and the tuning neck includes a predetermined length in a direction of the longitudinal axis and an
oval shape.

US Pat. No. 9,664,154

INTEGRAL PURGE EJECTOR TEE ARRANGEMENT IN A TURBOCOMPRESSOR

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A boost purge ejector tee arrangement for a fuel vapor emissions system coupled to an intake manifold of an engine with
a forced induction system, comprising:
a boost purge ejector tee integrated into a turbocompressor associated with the engine, the boost purge ejector tee including:
a first passage formed into a housing of the turbocompressor and including an outlet in communication with an inlet of the
turbocompressor;

a second passage formed into the housing, the second passage including a boost air inlet in communication with an internal
outlet area of the turbocompressor and intersecting the first passage, the first and second passages of the housing defining
a first flow path from the internal outlet area to the turbocompressor inlet;

an inlet port associated with the housing and intersecting the first passage, the housing defining a second flow path from
the inlet port to the outlet, the second flow path intersecting the first flow path upstream of the outlet; and

a nozzle positioned in the first flow path such that an outlet of the nozzle is proximate the intersection of the first flow
path with the second flow path;

wherein during a boost operation mode, the second passage is adapted to receive boost air flow, which flows through the nozzle
along the first flow path thereby creating a vacuum and drawing purge through the inlet port.

US Pat. No. 9,664,276

TRANSMISSION ELECTRONIC SHIFTER WITH ADJUSTABLE DAMPED FRICTION CLUTCH

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. An electronic shifter assembly for a shift-by-wire transmission, comprising:
a base;
a shift lever assembly including a pivot base having a coupling member;
a detent system including a biasing member and a detent member associated with the shift lever assembly, the biasing member
biasing the detent member into engagement with a cam member coupled to the base; and

a clutch system including a flexible clutch member and a bearing area having a tapered bearing surface, the bearing area defined
by the base and configured to receive the coupling member with the flexible clutch member coupled thereto to pivotably couple
the shift lever assembly to the base such that the flexible clutch member extends partially around the coupling member with
an inner surface of the flexible clutch member bearing on the coupling member and an outer surface of the flexible clutch
member engaging and reacting against the tapered bearing surface;

wherein the detent system is configured to apply a downward force onto the coupling member thereby causing corresponding downward
movement of flexible clutch member relative to a decreasing diameter of the tapered bearing surface such that an inner diameter
of the flexible clutch member is reduced thereby applying increased frictional force on the coupling member so as to cause
increased frictional resistance to pivotal movement of the shift lever assembly and provide tuned frictional damping of the
shift lever assembly during movement thereof proportional with a biasing force of the biasing member.

US Pat. No. 9,610,898

DEPLOYABLE CENTER CONSOLE

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A storage console for a vehicle having a floor, the storage console comprising:
a housing movable from a stowed position disposed beneath the floor to an upright position extending from the floor and defining
a first storage area in said stowed position, said housing including side walls that expand a size of said first storage area
when said housing is moved into said upright position and a rear panel that is substantially flush with the floor when said
housing is in said stowed position.

US Pat. No. 9,540,937

STATOR FOR TORQUE CONVERTER

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A stator for use with a torque converter, the stator comprising:
an inner annular shell and an outer annular core spaced apart from the inner annular shell;
a plurality of stator blades disposed around the inner annular shell in a spaced part configuration and radially extending
to the outer annular core, each stator blade including an inlet-side edge, an opposed outlet-side edge, a pressure-side surface
extending between the inlet-side and outlet-side edges and an opposed suction-side surface extending between the inlet-side
and outlet-side edges; and

pressure-side and suction-side fluid directing projections outwardly projecting from the pressure-side and suction-side surfaces,
respectively, in spaced relation to each other and each extending between the inlet-side and outlet-side edges;

wherein the fluid directing projections are adapted to aid in redirecting torque converter fluid returning from a turbine
and reducing fluid separation as the fluid interacts with the stator blades and associated fluid directing projections thereby
increasing efficiency and improving performance of the torque converter; and

wherein the pressure-side fluid directing projections comprise a pressure-side pattern of three projections grouped together,
wherein the suction-side fluid directing projections comprise a suction-side pattern of three projections grouped together,
and wherein the pressure-side and suction-side patterns of three projections are each positioned as a group closer to the
outer annular core than the inner annular shell.

US Pat. No. 9,543,873

TECHNIQUES FOR CONTROLLING ENGINE SPEED BASED ON ALTERNATOR DUTY CYCLE TO INCREASE VEHICLE EFFICIENCY

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A system for controlling a speed of an engine of a vehicle, the system comprising:
an alternator configured to convert mechanical energy generated by the engine into electrical energy for powering an electrical
system of the vehicle; and

a controller configured to:
determine the engine speed;
obtain a duty cycle of the alternator;
when the alternator duty cycle exceeds a duty cycle threshold, obtain an engine speed increase that will cause the alternator
duty cycle to decrease below the duty cycle threshold, wherein the duty cycle threshold is less than a maximum duty cycle
of the alternator;

determine a first target engine speed by summing the determined engine speed and the engine speed increase corresponding to
alternator load;

determine a second target engine speed that will compensate for other non-alternator loads;
determine a maximum of the first and second target engine speeds to obtain a modified target engine speed; and
control the engine based on the modified target engine speed.

US Pat. No. 9,527,395

ACCESS ARRANGEMENT FOR THE POWER SYSTEM OF AN ELECTRIC VEHICLE

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. An access arrangement for a power system of an electrified vehicle, the access arrangement comprising:
a housing body;
at least one electrical conductor positioned in the housing body;
a passageway extending inwardly from an opening on the housing body and intersecting a portion of the at least one electrical
conductor within the housing body; and

a closure positioned proximate to the opening and adjustable between a plurality of different configurations, including a
closed configuration closing the passageway and an open configuration in which the opening is at least partially exposed,
wherein the closure is biased to return to the closed configuration from the open configuration, and wherein the passageway
and closure are configured to cooperatively facilitate access for testing the electrical conductor.

US Pat. No. 9,484,852

HIGH POWER LOW VOLTAGE ELECTRIFIED POWERTRAIN

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A high power, low voltage electrified powertrain for an electrified vehicle, the electrified powertrain comprising:
a single electric motor having four or more coils corresponding to four or more alternating current (AC) phases, wherein the
single electric motor is the only electric motor of the electrified powertrain that is configured to generate drive torque
that is sufficient to propel the electrified vehicle; and

a low voltage electrical system comprising:
four or more independent battery modules each configured to output a separate low direct current (DC) voltage; and
a single power inverter module (PIM) configured to:
receive each of the separate low DC voltages from the battery modules;
generate (i) a separate low AC voltage for each AC phase using the separate low DC voltages or (ii) a separate low AC voltage
for each AC phase using fewer than all of the separate low DC voltages; and

output the separate low AC voltages to the coils of the electric motor to drive the electric motor to generate the drive torque
that is sufficient to propel the electrified vehicle,

wherein none of the separate low DC voltages are electrically isolated,
wherein a sum of the separate low DC voltages is greater than 100 volts DC.

US Pat. No. 10,041,435

DIRECT INJECTION FUEL SYSTEM WITH CONTROLLED ACCUMULATOR ENERGY STORAGE AND DELIVERY

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A direct injection (DI) fuel supply system for an engine of a vehicle, the DI fuel supply system comprising:a fuel rail in fluid communication with a high pressure fuel line and configured to house pressurized fuel;
a fuel injector configured to inject at least a portion of the pressurized fuel housed in the fuel rail into the engine;
a DI positive displacement fuel pump driven by a crankshaft of the engine, the DI positive displacement fuel pump in fluid communication with and configured to supply the pressurized fuel to the high pressure fuel line;
an accumulator fluidly coupled to the high pressure fuel line at a position between the fuel rail and the fuel pump, the accumulator configured to house the pressurized fuel;
an accumulator valve positioned in the high pressure fuel line at a location between the accumulator and the fuel rail, the accumulator valve configured to:
variably open to regulate the flow of the pressurized fuel from both the DI fuel pump and the accumulator to the fuel rail, and
close to insulate the fuel rail and the fuel injector from both (i) high fuel pressure during recharging of the accumulator and (ii) fuel pressure pulsations generated by the DI fuel pump during recharging of the accumulator; and
a controller configured to:
detect whether the accumulator is charged,
estimate the portion of the pressurized fuel that the fuel injector will inject during a fuel injection event,
when the accumulator is charged, disable the fuel pump and control opening of the accumulator valve proximate the fuel injection event such that the accumulator supplies the fuel rail with approximately the estimated portion of the pressurized fuel injected during the fuel injection event, and
when the accumulator is not charged, close the accumulator valve and control the fuel pump to recharge the accumulator.

US Pat. No. 9,879,464

AUTOMATED WINDOW CLOSURE SYSTEM

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. An automated window closure system for a vehicle comprising:
a multi-action switch configured to be controlled via manipulation by a vehicle occupant, said multi-action switch having
a deactivated state, a first activated state, and second activated state; and

a window controller electrically connected to said multi-action switch that receives information including a window open indicator
and a window closed indicator, said window controller operable to initiate a window opening routine when said multi-action
switch is in said first activated position, a window closing routine when said mufti-action switch is in said second activated
position and said window controller receives said window open indicator, and a window vent routine when said multi-action
switch is placed in said second activated state and said window controller receives said window closed indicator.

US Pat. No. 9,802,570

MOVABLE BUCKLE MOUNTING SYSTEM

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. An adjustable occupant restraint system for a vehicle seat configured for fore/aft adjustment, the system comprising:
a floor bracket configured to couple to a vehicle floor;
a link system having a main link and a guide link each rotatably coupled to the floor bracket; and
a seat belt buckle coupled to the link system,
wherein the link system rotates in response to and along with the fore/aft adjustment of the vehicle seat to substantially
maintain the seat belt buckle at a hip point of a seat occupant throughout the fore/aft adjustment of the vehicle seat.

US Pat. No. 9,783,246

VEHICLE CARGO COMPARTMENT HAVING WORK SURFACE ASSEMBLY

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A vehicle comprising:
a cab;
a cargo bed attached at a rear of the cab and including a plurality of walls defining a periphery of the cargo bed, at least
one of the plurality of walls including a storage compartment formed therein; and

a work surface assembly including a worktable and a plurality of arms attached to the worktable and pivotally attached to
a wall of the storage compartment at a location inside of the storage compartment,

wherein the work surface assembly is pivotal between a stowed position in which the work surface assembly is wholly contained
within the storage compartment and a deployed position in which the worktable and a portion of each of the arms extend out
of the storage compartment.

US Pat. No. 9,744,582

WEAR TOLERANCE INDICATOR FOR STAMPING DIES

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A stamping die, comprising:
an upper die member;
a lower die member, the upper and lower die members movable relative to one another in reciprocating motion along an axis
to generate work-pieces; and

at least one guidance member removably positioned on at least one of the upper and lower die members and having a guiding
surface operably disposed to guide relative movement between the upper and lower die members, the at least one guidance member
having at least one wear indicator cavity recessed from the guiding surface,

wherein a depth of the at least one wear indicator cavity from the guiding surface corresponds to an extent of acceptable
wear of the guiding surface such that the at least one wear indicator cavity allows for visual inspection of the extent of
wear of the at least one guidance member while the at least one guidance member is positioned on at least one of the upper
and lower die members.

US Pat. No. 9,663,075

ELECTRIC PARKING BRAKE CONTROL USING STEERING WHEEL TORQUE TO DETERMINE DRIVER PRESENCE

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A method of controlling an electric parking brake of an automotive vehicle with an electronic control unit of the vehicle
configured to control the electric parking brake, comprising:
determining with the electronic control unit that there has not been a steering input when a steering torque signal from an
electric power steering system of the vehicle has not changed by at least a threshold amount during a set period of time;

determining with the electronic control unit that there has been the steering input when a steering torque signal from the
electric power steering system of the vehicle has changed by at least a threshold amount during the set period of time; and

controlling the electric parking brake with the electronic control unit to apply the electric parking brake based upon the
determination there has not been the steering input.

US Pat. No. 9,663,038

DEPLOYABLE CENTER CONSOLE

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A storage console for a vehicle having a floor, the storage console comprising:
a housing movable from a stowed position disposed beneath the floor to an upright position extending from the floor and defining
a first storage area in said stowed position, said housing including side walls that expand a size of said first storage area
when said housing is moved into said upright position; and

an arm rest slidably slidably attached to said housing that is movable from an armrest stowed position to a use position when
said housing is in said upright position and is not movable from the armrest stowed position to the use position when the
housing in said stowed position.

US Pat. No. 9,631,526

ENGINE VARIABLE VALVE LIFT SYSTEM HAVING INTEGRATED HYDRAULIC FLUID RETENTION

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. An electro-hydraulic actuator system for a variable valve lift system of an engine, the electro-hydraulic actuator system
comprising:
a medium pressure chamber formed in a cylinder head assembly and adapted to be in fluid communication with a source of hydraulic
fluid;

a high pressure fluid circuit positioned in the cylinder head assembly and in selective fluid communication with and receiving
hydraulic fluid from the medium pressure chamber;

a control valve positioned in the cylinder head assembly and in fluid communication with the medium pressure chamber and the
high pressure fluid circuit;

a pump configured to pump hydraulic fluid in the high pressure fluid circuit; and
an actuator in fluid communication with the pump, control valve and high pressure fluid circuit, the actuator in engagement
with an intake valve of the engine;

wherein the high pressure fluid circuit includes a first fluid passage fluidly coupled between the pump and the control valve,
and a second fluid passage fluidly coupled between the control valve and the actuator, the second fluid passage having a valve
end coupled to the valve and an opposite actuator end coupled to the actuator, the second fluid passage inclined such that
the hydraulic fluid flows upwardly in the second fluid passage from the valve end toward the actuator end when the engine
is in a level operating position;

wherein the control valve is configured to be controlled to selectively block fluid communication between the high pressure
fluid circuit and the medium pressure chamber thereby providing for the hydraulic fluid pumped by the pump to displace the
actuator to open the intake valve; and

wherein the medium pressure chamber and the actuator are each positioned in the cylinder head assembly at a location higher
than the control valve such that during an engine shutdown event, hydraulic fluid is retained in the medium pressure chamber
and the control valve.

US Pat. No. 9,409,468

LIFTGATE INNER DIE CAST WITH INTEGRATED GLASS URETHANE BONDING SURFACE

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A liftgate for a vehicle, the liftgate comprising:
an inner panel including:
an upper section having a header member and a pair of supports extending from opposite ends of the header member;
a lower section coupled to the supports and spaced apart from the header member by the supports to partially define a window
aperture, the lower section defining:

a rim disposed about a periphery of the lower section, the rim having a generally “U” shaped cross-section that protrudes
in a fore direction from a fore face of the lower section to define a trough in an aft face of the lower section;

a pair of taillight cans, each taillight can having an inner portion and an outer portion separated by the trough, each inner
and outer portion having a side wall and a back wall, the side walls offset the back walls in the fore direction from the
aft face; and

a pair of first bridge members, each first bridge member spans the trough between a respective set of the inner and outer
portions of each taillight can.

US Pat. No. 10,099,679

BATTERY STATE AND PARAMETER ESTIMATION USING A MIXED SIGMA-POINT KALMAN FILTERING AND RECURSIVE LEAST SQUARES TECHNIQUE

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A battery management system for an electrified powertrain of a hybrid vehicle, the system comprising:one or more sensors configured to measure voltage, current, and temperature for a battery system of the hybrid vehicle; and
a controller configured to:
obtain an equivalent circuit model for the battery system;
determine a set of states for the battery system to be estimated;
determine a set of parameters for the battery system to be estimated;
receive, from the one or more sensors, the measured voltage, current, and temperature for the battery system;
using (i) the equivalent circuit model, (ii) the measured voltage, current, and temperature of the battery system, and (iii) a mixed sigma-point Kalman filtering (SPKF) and recursive least squares (RLS) technique to estimate the sets of states and parameters for the battery system; and
using the sets of estimated states and parameters for the battery system to control an electric motor of the electrified powertrain.

US Pat. No. 9,902,245

VEHICLE SUNROOF ASSEMBLY

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A vehicle comprising:
a roof panel assembly defining an opening; and
a sunroof glass panel having an arm extending from a side of the sunroof glass panel; the sunroof glass panel configured to
cover the opening in the roof panel assembly and operable between a closed position, an open position, and a tilted position,
the arm extending outward past a periphery of the opening in the roof panel assembly,

wherein the arm is spaced apart from the roof panel assembly in the closed, open and tilt positions, and
wherein, when the sunroof glass panel is in the open position, interference between the arm and the roof panel assembly limits
vertical movement of the sunroof glass panel relative to the roof panel assembly after the sunroof glass panel has been lifted
upward out of the opening in the roof panel assembly in response to an impact event.

US Pat. No. 9,815,361

SPLIT BUSHING TORQUE STRUT ISOLATOR ASSEMBLY

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A split bushing torque strut isolator assembly for a vehicle, the assembly comprising:
a lower bushing disposed in a bushing receiving aperture formed in a vehicle structural component;
a bushing housing coupled to an upper surface of the vehicle structural component;
an upper bushing disposed at least partially within the bushing housing, the upper bushing being separate from the lower bushing,
the bushing housing positioned over the lower bushing such that the upper bushing is positioned over the lower bushing and
the upper bushing is not positioned in the bushing receiving aperture; and

a torque rod having a first end and a second end, the second end being disposed between the upper and lower bushings.

US Pat. No. 9,783,143

CONTROL AND DIAGNOSTICS OF MULTIPLE ELECTRICAL GENERATING MACHINES USING AN EXTERNAL VOLTAGE REGULATOR

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. An electrical system for an automotive vehicle, comprising:
a plurality of electrical generating machines with each electrical generating machine including field windings energized by
pulse width modulated drive signals generated by an external electronic voltage regulator, the pulse width modulated drive
signals having a duty cycle determined by the electronic voltage regulator, the electronic voltage regulator varying the duty
cycle of each of the pulse width modulated drive signals to control output voltages of the electrical generating machines;
and

a controller that includes the electronic voltage regulator for each electrical generating machine, the controller causing
the pulse width modulated drive signals that energize the field windings of any of the electrical generating machines to be
out of phase with the pulse width modulated drive signals that energize the field windings of any other of the electrical
generating machines.

US Pat. No. 9,746,013

SPRING STEEL WIRE HARNESS CLIP

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A mounting clip for attachment to a mounting structure of a support structure, the mounting clip comprising:
a base having a through hole and a catch, the catch adjacent a posterior side of the base, the base extending laterally between
an inferior leg disposed on an anterior side of the base and a superior leg disposed on the posterior side of the base, the
superior leg having a mounting aperture and a distal end of the inferior leg includes a barb that engages the mounting structure
when the mounting clip is attached to the mounting structure;

lateral support arms disposed on and extending along and from opposed lateral sides of the base wherein the lateral support
arms extend downwardly from the base; and

when the mounting clip is attached to the mounting structure the inferior leg extending downwardly from the anterior side
of the base, the superior leg extending upwardly from the posterior side of the base, the inferior leg and the catch configured
to engage the mounting structure and the through hole of the base opens to the aperture of the mounting structure allowing
access to the aperture of the mounting structure through the through hole.

US Pat. No. 9,630,652

VEHICLE PILLAR REINFORCEMENT CONSTRUCTION FOR SIDE IMPACT

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A side structure for a vehicle, the side structure comprising:
a sill;
a header spaced apart from said sill;
a pillar outer body extending between said sill and said header and defining an inner channel open toward an interior of the
vehicle, said pillar outer body having a lower body portion formed of a first material and an upper body portion formed of
a second material, said lower body portion disposed between said upper body portion and said sill;

an inner cover attached to said pillar outer body and extending between said sill and said header, said inner cover having
a lower cover portion disposed proximate to said sill and formed of said first material having a first ductility and an upper
cover portion disposed proximate to said header and formed of said second material having a second ductility less than said
first ductility; and

a reinforcement member disposed within said inner channel and welded to said pillar outer body proximate to a junction of
said pillar outer body and said sill, said reinforcement member overlapping with said lower body portion and a first length
of said upper body portion that is less than an entire length of said upper body portion, said entire length being from said
lower body portion to said header.

US Pat. No. 9,604,671

VEHICLE UNDERBODY STRUCTURE

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. An underbody structure for a vehicle cargo bed, the underbody structure comprising:
a front cross member defining a forward end of the underbody structure;
a rear cross member defining an opposite rearward end of the underbody structure;
a first side member coupled between the front cross member and the rear cross member;
a second opposite side member coupled between the front cross member and the rear cross member;
at least one center cross member coupled between the first side member and the second side member;
a first angled cross member oriented at a first predetermined acute angle relative to the rear cross member; and
a second angled cross member oriented at a second predetermined acute angle relative to the rear cross member, the first and
second angled cross members configured to match a load distribution of the vehicle cargo bed;

wherein a first thickness of the first and second side members is greater than a second thickness of the front end member,
which is greater than a third thickness of first and second angled cross members.

US Pat. No. 9,605,707

CENTRIFUGAL SWITCH FOR PENDULUM VIBRATION ABSORBER

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A crankshaft assembly for an internal combustion engine, comprising:
a crankshaft having a lobe with a pendulum absorber coupled thereto, the pendulum absorber including:
a carrier coupled to a body of the lobe and having an opening therein,
a pendulum having an opening therein, and
a pin extending through the pendulum opening and the carrier opening to pivotably couple the pendulum to the carrier; and
a switch assembly slidably positioned in a bore of the body and having a lock member configured to selectively engage the
pendulum based on a centrifugal force being below a predetermined threshold to lock movement of the pendulum relative to the
carrier, the switch assembly including:

a body coupled at a first end to a mass member and at a second opposite end to the lock member; and
a biasing member positioned in the bore and configured to engage the mass member to bias the switch assembly toward an engaged
position where the lock member engages the pendulum to lock the pendulum,

wherein the crankshaft comprises a center of rotation, and wherein the mass member and a center of mass of the switch assembly
are positioned on a first side of the center of rotation opposite the pendulum absorber and the lock member is positioned
on a second opposite side of the crankshaft center of rotation.

US Pat. No. 9,120,369

GLASS RUN INSTALLATION TOOL

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A glass run installation tool for attaching a glass run to a door frame comprising:
at least a pair of parallel lower rollers;
an upper roller; and
a base with a first arm and a second arm, the pair of lower rollers coupled to the first arm, the upper roller coupled to
the second arm, the second arm moveable relative to the first arm between a clamped position and an unclamped position, the
upper roller and the pair of lower rollers clamping the glass run and the door frame together to thereby attach the glass
run to the door frame when the second arm is in the clamped position.

US Pat. No. 9,073,417

TONNEAU COVER CLAMP

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A tonneau cover clamp for securing a tonneau cover relative to a rail of a vehicle, the rail having a downwardly facing
flange and an outwardly facing flange, the tonneau cover clamp comprising:
a bracket coupled to a transverse frame member of the tonneau cover;
a clamp arm that is pivotally coupled to the bracket; and
a handle and clamp member that are collectively rotatably coupled to the clamp arm, the handle and clamp member collectively
rotatable between an intermediate position and a clamped position, the clamp member having an upward cam and a side cam integrally
formed thereon, wherein the clamp member is configured to engage the rail upon rotation of the handle such that concurrently
(i) the upward cam slidably engages the downwardly facing flange to urge the tonneau cover downwardly and (ii) the side cam
slidably engages the outwardly facing flange to urge the tonneau cover outwardly.

US Pat. No. 10,137,807

VENTILATED VEHICLE SEAT WITH BLIND COUPLING AND RELATED METHOD

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A ventilated automobile vehicle seat comprising:a seat cushion sub-assembly including:
a foam core having an A-side and a B-side opposite the A-side;
a manifold providing fluid communication between a plurality of distributed manifold inlet/outlet openings and a primary manifold inlet/outlet opening, the manifold being coupled to the foam core with the primary manifold inlet/outlet opening fixedly positioned adjacent the B-side of the foam core; and
a blind coupling having a coupling frame surrounding and reinforcing the primary manifold inlet/outlet opening and a pair of front hook members and a pair of rear hook members extending from opposite sides of the coupling frame and away from the B-side of the foam core; and
a seat base sub-assembly including:
a blower unit coupled to a seat base member, the seat base sub-assembly having a front lip and a rear lip positioned on opposite sides of a blower inlet/outlet opening, and having a domed framework extending across the blower inlet/outlet opening;
wherein the front hook members are positioned relative to the coupling frame to hook the front lip to provide fore and aft positioning of the blind coupling relative to the blower inlet/outlet opening when the seat cushion sub-assembly is rotated with the B-side facing toward the seat base sub-assembly during an assembly operation; and
wherein the pair of front hook members and front lip are designed to permit the front hook members to slide laterally along the front lip and are positioned relative to the coupling frame to cause the coupling frame to engage the domed framework to provide lateral positioning of the blind coupling relative to the blower inlet/outlet opening when the front hook members are hooked to the front lip and the seat cushion sub-assembly is rotated during the assembly operation; and
wherein the pair of rear hook members extend from the coupling frame and hook the rear lip.