US Pat. No. 9,953,790

ELECTRICAL SWITCHING APPARATUS AND SENSING ASSEMBLY THEREFOR

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A sensing assembly for an electrical switching apparatus, said electrical switching apparatus comprising a base having a pocket portion, and a bus bar coupled to said base, said sensing assembly comprising:a housing structured to be coupled to said pocket portion;
a power harvester coupled to said housing;
a current sensor coupled to said housing; and
a voltage sensing circuit disposed internal with respect to said housing and being structured to be electrically connected to said bus bar.

US Pat. No. 10,076,064

HOUSING HAVING CONFIGURABLE AIRFLOW EXHAUST

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A cabinet configured to house electrical equipment that requires cooling, the cabinet comprising:a frame; and
a plurality of panels connected to the frame and defining an air inlet, wherein the plurality of panels includes a top panel and a rear wall;
wherein the top panel is one of a pair of top panels that are removably connectable to the frame as replacements for one another, including a first top panel that is free of a top air outlet and a second top panel that has a top air outlet;
wherein the rear wall is one of a pair of rear walls that are removably connectable to the frame as replacements for one another, including a first rear wall that is free of a rear air outlet and a second rear wall that has a rear air outlet;
whereby the cabinet can be configured with a first air flow path from the air inlet to the rear air outlet by connecting the first top panel and the second rear wall to the frame, and can be converted to an alternative configuration having a second air flow path from the air inlet to the top air outlet by connecting the second top panel and the first rear wall to the frame as replacements for the first top panel and the second rear wall.

US Pat. No. 10,130,012

DATA CENTER AIR ROUTING SYSTEM

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A system for managing airflow in a data center having at least one IT rack, comprising:a free-standing structure including a frame that defines an interior aisle and has two side openings, a ceiling opening and two end openings,
wherein the frame includes four vertical support posts and two horizontal members,
wherein the vertical support posts are located at corners of the frame,
wherein the two horizontal members are each coupled to two vertical support posts,
wherein at least one of the side openings of the frame is at least partially covered by a plurality of sidewall blanking panels that are removably coupled to the frame and are releasably coupled to each other, and
wherein at least one of the side openings of the frame is at least partially covered by at least one IT rack;
a door located at one or both end openings, to allow personnel access to the interior aisle; and
an adjustable blanking panel extending downwards from one of the horizontal members of the frame to meet the top of an IT rack, wherein the adjustable blanking panel at least partially covers one of the side openings,
wherein the sidewall blanking panels, door, adjustable blanking panel, and IT rack are configured to limit air from entering or exiting the interior aisle.

US Pat. No. 10,033,128

DISCONNECT ASSEMBLIES WITH PULL OUT CLIPS AND RELATED ELECTRICAL APPARATUS AND METHODS

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A disconnect assembly, comprising:a lug assembly with at least one lug held in a non-conductive lug housing; and
a pull out disconnect assembly comprising a non-conductive base holding at least one inwardly extending electrically conductive clip, wherein one of the at least one inwardly extending clip abuts an outer wall of one of the at least one lug, and wherein the at least one inwardly extending clip comprises at least one clip leg with a free end portion and an outwardly projecting medial portion that extends laterally outward less than the free end portion when disassembled and, in operative position, abuts the outer wall of one of the at least one lug.

US Pat. No. 9,954,352

POWER SYSTEM INCLUDING A CIRCUIT PROVIDING SMART ZONE SELECTIVE INTERLOCKING COMMUNICATION

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A power system comprising:a plurality of main circuit interrupters, each of said main circuit interrupters including:
a line input,
a load output, and
a zone selective interlocking input;
a plurality of tie circuit interrupters, at least one of said tie circuit interrupters including:
a first terminal electrically connected to the load output of a first one of said main circuit interrupters,
a second terminal electrically connected to the load output of a different second one of said main circuit interrupters,
separable contacts electrically connected between said first terminal and said second terminal, said separable contacts having an open state and a closed state,
a zone selective interlocking input, and
a zone selective interlocking output;
a plurality of feeder circuit interrupters, each of said feeder circuit interrupters including:
a line input electrically connected to the load output of one of said main circuit interrupters,
a load output, and
a zone selective interlocking output; and
a circuit structured to block communication, at least when said at least one of said tie circuit interrupters is in its open state, of the zone selective interlocking output of one of the feeder circuit interrupters having the line input electrically connected to the load output of said first one of said main circuit interrupters to the zone selective interlocking input of said different second one of said main circuit interrupters.

US Pat. No. 10,032,590

CIRCUIT BREAKERS WITH SHAPED NEUTRAL BUSBARS AND/OR LOAD TERMINALS AND RELATED METHODS

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A circuit breaker, comprising:a circuit breaker housing;
a current transformer in the housing, the current transformer comprising a window;
a printed circuit board (PCB) in the housing, wherein the window of the current transformer has an open through channel facing a side of the PCB with a perimeter contour with a recessed segment, wherein the recessed segment of the PCB extends across the open through channel of the current transformer, with a portion of the open through channel above the recessed segment of the PCB and a portion of the channel below the recessed segment of the PCB;
a collar assembly in the housing residing adjacent the open through channel of the current transformer on a side of the open through channel of the current transformer opposing the recessed segment of the PCB, wherein the collar assembly comprises a channel; and
a neutral busbar in the housing, wherein the neutral busbar has a rigid or semi-rigid shaped body with a first segment that extends through the window of the current transformer and into the channel of the collar assembly and a second segment that extends behind the first segment and is attached to the PCB,
wherein the circuit breaker housing comprises a bottom base member with an internal facing curved cavity, a cooperating middle base member, and a cooperating top cover that attach together, wherein the middle base member holds the PCB over the bottom base member and inside the top cover, and wherein the internal facing curved cavity holds the current transformer under a window in the middle base member adjacent a load side of the circuit breaker with the portion of the open through channel above the recessed segment of the PCB and the portion of the channel below the recessed segment of the PCB.

US Pat. No. 10,030,795

CRIMP CONNECTION ARRANGEMENT FOR PRESSURIZED PIPES

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A crimp connection arrangement for a pressurized pipe, the crimp connection arrangement comprising:a compression sleeve including a pressing portion;
a retaining element including (i) an inner serration having a plurality of teeth on at least a portion of an inner surface of the retaining element and (ii) an outer serration having a plurality of teeth on at least a portion of an outer surface of the retaining element; and
a pipe including an end piece, the end piece of the pipe being inserted into the compression sleeve,
wherein, by applying a force onto the pressing portion of the compression sleeve, a connection is achievable between the compression sleeve and the end piece of the pipe,
wherein the retaining element is provided between the compression sleeve and the end piece of the pipe,
wherein the retaining element includes a material of greater hardness than the compression sleeve and the pipe,
wherein the retaining element is reducible in diameter at least partially by the force applied onto the pressing portion,
wherein the teeth of the inner serration are arranged alternatingly with the teeth of the outer serration in an axial direction of the retaining element so that each of the teeth of the inner serration is disposed in an axial clearance between two adjacent teeth of the teeth of the outer serration in the axial direction, a single respective tooth of the inner serration being disposed in the respective axial clearance between each two adjacent teeth of the outer serration, and
wherein application of the force onto the pressing portion creates an arced surface on the retaining element between respective adjacent inner serrations, and an arced surface on the retaining element between respective adjacent outer serrations, such that the retaining element is both radially and axially stressed.

US Pat. No. 9,952,170

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR MEASURING HOSE RESISTANCE

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A hose degradation monitoring system comprising:a hose assembly including a hose having a first conductive layer and a second conductive layer;
a degradation monitoring circuit configured to detect a resistance of the hose across the first and second conductive layers, the degradation monitoring circuit comprising:
a voltage source electrically connected to the first conductive layer;
a resistor electrically connected between the second conductive layer and a ground; and
a voltage monitoring circuit electrically connected to a location between the resistor and the second conductive layer, the voltage monitoring circuit configured to:
periodically monitor a voltage at the location;
determine, in response to the monitored voltage, a resistance attributable to the hose assembly based at least in part on the voltage;
compute an admittance of the hose assembly associated with each periodically determined resistance; and
based at least in part on changes to the computed admittance and a rate of change of the computed admittance, detect a possible failure and type of failure of the hose assembly.

US Pat. No. 9,931,723

METHOD OF OPERATING A CUTTING SYSTEM, AND COLLAR ASSEMBLY AND COLLAR MEMBER THEREFOR

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

3. A collar member for a collar assembly of a cutting system, said cutting system comprising a spindle and a cutting tool coupled to said spindle, said collar assembly comprising a number of components and a gas flow system comprising a number of gas flow delivery apparatus and a number of conduits, said collar member comprising:a support portion structured to be coupled to said spindle; and
a chamber portion extending from said support portion and being structured to be coupled to each of said number of components, said number of gas flow delivery apparatus, and said number of conduits,
wherein said support portion has a side portion having an edge portion defining a thru hole in order to form a passageway from an interior of said support portion to an exterior thereof; wherein said chamber portion has a first number of edge portions and a second number of edge portions each defining a thru hole; wherein each of said first number of edge portions is structured to be coupled to a corresponding one of said number of gas flow delivery apparatus; wherein each of said second number of edge portions is structured to be coupled to a corresponding one of said number of conduits, wherein said chamber portion comprises a floor portion and a wall portion extending from and being disposed perpendicular to said floor portion; wherein each of said first number of edge portions is disposed in said wall portion; wherein each of said second number of edge portions is disposed in said floor portion; wherein said support portion is generally annular-shaped and has a diameter; wherein said wall portion comprises a first end portion, a second end portion disposed opposite the first end portion, and a middle portion extending between the first end portion and the second end portion; wherein the first end portion and the second end portion each extend from said support portion; wherein the middle portion is spaced from said support portion; and wherein the middle portion is generally planar and has a length substantially the same as the diameter.

US Pat. No. 10,006,343

BOOST SYSTEM INCLUDING TURBO AND HYBRID DRIVE SUPERCHARGER

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A boost system for providing boost pressure to air within an air intake manifold of an engine, the boost system comprising:a turbocharger and a supercharger that cooperate to provide a total pressure boost to the air intake manifold; and
a hybrid drive system including an electric motor/generator coupled to a battery and including a planetary gear set that provides a torque transfer interface between the electric motor/generator, the supercharger, and the engine and including a clutch provided between the planetary gear set and the engine for selectively engaging and disengaging the planetary gear set from the engine;
wherein the hybrid drive system is operable in:
a turbocharging only mode, wherein the clutch is disengaged such that the supercharger provides no pressure boost such that the turbocharger provides the entirety of the total pressure boost;
a steady state mode, wherein the clutch is engaged and the supercharger is driven only by the engine through the planetary gear set such that a baseline portion of the total pressure boost to the air intake manifold is provided at a fixed ratio with the engine speed;
a first transient mode, wherein the clutch is engaged and the electric motor/generator is operated as a generator such that the supercharger provides a portion of the total pressure boost that is less than the baseline portion;
a second transient mode, wherein when the clutch is engaged and the electric motor/generator is operated as a motor such that the supercharger provides a portion of the total pressure boost that is greater than the baseline portion.

US Pat. No. 9,989,442

HYDRAULIC SYSTEM SENSOR

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A hydraulic system, comprising:a hydraulic circuit;
a module body connected to the hydraulic circuit, the module body having an inlet and an outlet with a fluid flow path between the inlet and the outlet;
a sensor connected to the module body for sensing a characteristic of hydraulic fluid of the hydraulic circuit;
an energy harvester configured to harvest energy from the hydraulic circuit; and
a controller powered at least in part by the energy harvester, the controller interfacing with the sensor.

US Pat. No. 9,982,690

DIGITAL HYDRAULIC TRANSFORMER AND METHOD FOR RECOVERING ENERGY AND LEVELING HYDRAULIC SYSTEM LOADS

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A hydraulic system comprising:an accumulator; and
a hydraulic transformer including a rotating group rotationally coupled to a rotatable shaft, the rotatable shaft adapted for connection to an external load, the hydraulic transformer further including a plurality of valve sets, each of the valve sets including a first valve that fluidly connects a hydraulic pump to the hydraulic transformer via a pump line, a second valve that fluidly connects a tank to the hydraulic transformer via a tank line, and a third valve that fluidly connects the accumulator to the hydraulic transformer via an accumulator line, wherein the pump line, tank line, and accumulator line are separate from one another.

US Pat. No. 9,954,345

PANELBOARD, AND SWITCHGEAR ASSEMBLY AND STAB ASSEMBLY THEREFOR

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A stab assembly comprising:at least one bus bar comprising an elongated extension; and
a number of line terminals comprising at least one twofold line terminal, said at least one twofold line terminal comprising a plug-on portion comprising an engaging portion,
wherein the engaging portion substantially overlays the elongated extension,
wherein the engaging portion engages the elongated extension,
wherein said at least one twofold line terminal is a unitary component made from a single piece of material;
wherein the plug-on portion further comprises a first retaining portion and a second retaining portion; and wherein the engaging portion extends from the first retaining portion to the second retaining portion; wherein the first retaining portion comprises a first wall and a second wall; wherein the first wall is disposed in a first plane; wherein the second wall is disposed in a second plane; wherein the first plane is parallel to and spaced from the second plane; wherein said at least one twofold line terminal further comprises a bolt-on portion extending from the plug-on portion; wherein the first wall extends from the bolt-on portion; and wherein the second wall extends from the engaging portion.

US Pat. No. 9,948,021

POWER RECEPTACLES AND ASSOCIATED METHODS OF ASSEMBLY

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A power receptacle, comprising:a cover with an electrical outlet;
a base attached to the cover, the base comprising a plurality of spaced apart electrical contacts under the electrical outlet,
wherein at least one of the cover or the base includes at least one internal attachment member that cooperates with an aligned receiving channel in the other of the cover or the base to frictionally attach the cover and base together; and
first and second rivets positioned on opposing sides of the electrical outlet, wherein the first and second rivets extend through aligned channels in the cover and base, and wherein the first and second rivets have a length that is at least twice a length of the at least one internal attachment member.

US Pat. No. 9,983,266

APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR BATTERY MONITORING USING DISCHARGE PULSE MEASUREMENTS

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A method comprising:determining an open-circuit first voltage of a battery;
increasing a loading of the battery for a load interval after determining the first voltage;
determining a current through the battery during the load interval;
determining an open-circuit second voltage of the battery after termination of the load interval; and
determining a status of the battery from the determined first and second voltages and the determined current.

US Pat. No. 9,947,498

ELECTRICAL SWITCHING APPARATUS AND CLINCH JOINT ASSEMBLY THEREFOR

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A movable contact assembly for an electrical switching apparatus, said electrical switching apparatus including a housing assembly and a conductor assembly, said housing assembly defining an enclosed space, said conductor assembly substantially disposed in said housing assembly enclosed space, said conductor assembly including a load conductor, said movable contact assembly comprising:a carriage assembly including two sidewalls and a contact arm assembly;
said carriage assembly sidewalls disposed in a spaced relation;
said contact arm assembly including rotating elements, and an axle assembly;
said axle assembly including an axle;
said rotating elements rotatably disposed on said axle; and
wherein said rotating elements are floatably coupled to said axle.

US Pat. No. 10,029,566

METHOD FOR LIMITING CLUTCH TORQUE TO REDUCE HIGH MU WHEEL SLIP

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A method for limiting an amount of torque biased to a wheel of a vehicle with a high mu slip, comprising:processing clutch torque data to determine an electronic limited slip differential clutch torque limit;
processing wheel speed data to generate mu slip data for the wheel;
comparing a current torque command from a traction controller to the wheel against a torque command calibration value;
processing at least the wheel speed data to determine if a vehicle speed (Vx) of the vehicle is less than maximum vehicle speed threshold (MaxVx);
comparing the generated mu slip data of the wheel to threshold mu slip data; and
when the generated mu slip data is greater than the threshold mu slip data for the wheel, thus indicating that the high mu wheel is slipping, reducing the electronic limited slip differential clutch torque limit by a predetermined ratio to reduce the torque biased to the wheel of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,014,639

ELECTRICAL RECEPTACLE

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. An electrical receptacle structured to be electrically connected with a line conductor, a neutral conductor, and a ground conductor, the electrical receptacle further being structured to have a number of electrical connectors be placed in electrical connection therewith, the electrical receptacle comprising:a housing;
an electrical apparatus that comprises a line conduction element, a neutral conduction element, and a ground conduction element;
the line conduction element being situated on the housing and structured to be electrically connected with the line conductor;
the neutral conduction element being situated on the housing and structured to be electrically connected with the neutral conductor;
the ground conduction element being situated on the housing and structured to be electrically connected with the ground conductor;
a plurality of outlets that comprise a first outlet and a second outlet;
the first outlet comprising a plurality of first openings formed in the housing, the plurality of first openings comprising a first line contact opening that is in communication with the line conduction element, a first neutral contact opening that is in communication with the neutral conduction element, and a first ground contact opening that is in communication with the ground conduction element;
the second outlet comprising a plurality of second openings formed in the housing, the plurality of second openings comprising a second line contact opening that is in communication with the line conduction element, a second neutral contact opening that is in communication with the neutral conduction element, and a second ground contact opening that is in communication with the ground conduction element;
one of:
the first line contact opening and the second line contact opening being an individual contact opening that is common between the first outlet and the second outlet,
and
the first ground contact opening and the second ground contact opening being an individual contact opening that is common between the first outlet and the second outlet; and
the first and second outlets being structured to alternatively have an electrical connector of the number of electrical connectors be placed in electrical connection with one of the first outlet and the second outlet.

US Pat. No. 10,012,697

FAILURE PREDICTION DEVICE AND METHOD FOR VACUUM CIRCUIT BREAKERS

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A component monitoring system for a circuit breaker assembly, said circuit breaker assembly including a number of components, said circuit breaker assembly component monitoring system structured to monitor circuit breaker assembly component characteristics, said system comprising:a record assembly including selected nominal data for a selected circuit breaker component;
a number of impulse sensor assemblies, each impulse sensor assembly structured to measure force and movement actual component characteristics of a number of circuit breaker assembly components and to transmit actual component characteristic output data;
a comparison assembly structured to receive an electronic signal from said record assembly and said impulse sensor assemblies to compare said impulse sensor assembly actual component characteristic output data to said selected nominal data and to provide an indication signal as to whether said impulse sensor assembly output data is acceptable when compared to the selected nominal data;
an output assembly including a communication assembly and an output device;
said communication assembly structured to receive said indication signal from said comparison assembly and to communicate a signal to said output device;
each impulse sensor assembly in electronic communication with said comparison assembly; and
said comparison assembly in electronic communication with said communication assembly.

US Pat. No. 9,933,328

METHOD FOR DETECTING A BURST HOSE IN A HYDRAULIC SYSTEM

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A method for detecting a leak in a hose of a hydraulic system having a control valve assembly with first and second work ports in fluid communication with an actuator, the method comprising implementing a first leak detection protocol including the steps of:(a) estimating a first hydraulic fluid flow rate for fluid flowing from the control valve assembly first work port to the actuator;
(b) estimating a second hydraulic fluid flow rate for fluid flowing from the actuator to the control valve assembly second work port;
(c) calculating a proportional flow rate difference between the first and second hydraulic fluid flow rates;
(d) calculating a flow error value by subtracting the proportional flow rate difference from a predetermined margin value; and
(e) generating a hydraulic fluid leak signal when the flow error value integrated over time exceeds a total flow error threshold value.

US Pat. No. 9,922,785

SAFETY SWITCH HAVING INTERLOCKING HANDLE AND DOOR

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A safety switch comprising:
a housing comprising first and second compartments that are separated by a barrier;
a switch mechanism and a switch assembly in the first compartment;
a plurality of fuses in the second compartment;
a plurality of conductors electrically connecting the switch assembly and the plurality of fuses, the plurality of conductors
extending through at least one opening in the barrier;

a first door connected to the housing and covering the first compartment in a closed position;
a second door connected to the housing and covering the second compartment in a closed position;
a handle connected to the switch mechanism, the handle movable between an off position and an on position to operate the switch
mechanism; and

a locking mechanism operatively connected to the handle, the locking mechanism configured such that:
the second door is locked in the closed position when the handle is in the on position;
the second door is unlocked and movable from the closed position to an open position to expose the second compartment when
the handle is in the off position;

the first door remains locked in the closed position when the handle is in the off position; and
the handle is locked in the off position when the second door is in the open position.

US Pat. No. 10,056,212

RESIDUAL CURRENT CIRCUIT BREAKER

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A residual current circuit breaker, comprising:a differential current transformer including primary windings, a secondary winding, and a tertiary winding; and
a control electronic system,
wherein the secondary winding is connected by circuitry to a first trip electronic system, which is independent of the mains voltage,
wherein the tertiary winding is connected by circuitry to a second trip electronic system, which is dependent on the mains voltage,
wherein the control electronic system, when predeterminably actuated by the second trip electronic system, is configured to actuate a switch, and
wherein, when actuated, the switch breaks a first contact between the secondary winding and the first trip electronic system and establishes a second contact between the tertiary winding and the second trip electronic system.

US Pat. No. 10,030,648

FAULT DETECTION AND MITIGATION IN HYBRID DRIVE SYSTEM

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A detection method for detecting a barrel leak in a pump system, the method comprising:obtaining a data signal from a filter pressure sensor of the pump system, the filter pressure sensor indicating a pressure at a filter of the pump system;
obtaining a data signal from a pump speed sensor of the pump system;
determining a rotation frequency of a pump of the pump system based on the data signal from the pump speed sensor;
filtering the data signal received from the filter pressure sensor based on the rotation frequency of the pump to obtain a filtered signal; and
determining a predetermined threshold using pressure spike thresholds mapped for different operating conditions including different swash angle positions or different pressure readings; and
analyzing the filtered signal to determine whether the filtered signal exceeds the predetermined threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,016,665

GOLF GRIP

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A golf grip, comprising:an elongated tubular body having an exterior surface, an interior surface, a butt end, a tip end, a length from the butt end to the tip end, and the golf grip has an overall density;
wherein a point along the length has a cross-section having a cross-sectional area, an exterior cross-sectional radius having a minimum exterior cross-sectional radius, and an interior surface radius having a minimum interior surface radius;
wherein the cross-section includes a first region, and a second region, the first region extending outward from the interior surface a first region thickness that is constant around interior surface, and thereby defining the second region as the balance of the cross-section between the exterior surface and the first region, wherein the first region thickness is equal to one-half of a difference between the minimum exterior cross-sectional radius and the minimum interior surface radius;
wherein a first region average density is determined for a first region test volume bounded by the interior surface, the second region, the cross-section, and an offset cross-section that is parallel to the cross-section and 1 cm away from the cross-section;
wherein a second region average density is determined for a second region test volume bounded by the exterior surface, the first region, the cross-section, and the offset cross-section; and
wherein the first region average density is less than 75% of the second region average density.

US Pat. No. 9,991,067

METHOD FOR PRODUCING AN ELECTRIC CONTACT SUPPORT

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A method for the production of an electric contact carrier of a switching bridge, the method comprising:producing a basic profile from a basic material, the basic profile including a contact accepting area;
welding a portion of a contact material on the contact accepting area of the basic profile; and then
cutting a remaining portion of the contact material from the welded portion after the contact material is welded to the contact accepting area;
forming the welded portion of the contact material into a contact of the electric contact carrier; and then
removing the electric contact carrier from the basic material.

US Pat. No. 9,991,689

POWER PEDESTAL AND MOUNTING ASSEMBLY THEREFOR

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A mounting assembly for a power pedestal including a number of electrical components, said mounting assembly comprising:a plurality of mounting members comprising a first mounting member and a second mounting member each structured to engage an elongated support member and be coupled to said elongated support member, said elongated support member having an end portion,
wherein said plurality of mounting members are cooperatively structured to enclose the end portion; wherein each of said first mounting member and said second mounting member comprises a first wall, a second wall, and a third wall each structured to engage said elongated member; wherein said second wall and said third wall extend outwardly from said first wall and are disposed perpendicular to said first wall; wherein said plurality of mounting members further comprises a third mounting member and a fourth mounting member each coupled to said first mounting member and said second mounting member and being structured to be spaced from said elongated member; wherein each of said first mounting member and said second mounting member extends from said third mounting member to said fourth mounting member; wherein each of said second wall and said third wall of at least one of said first mounting member and said second mounting member is disposed in a corresponding plane; wherein the plane of said second wall and the plane of said third wall are each disposed between and are each parallel with respect to said third mounting member and said fourth mounting member; wherein the plane of said second wall is spaced a first distance from the plane of said third wall; wherein said third mounting member is spaced a second distance from said fourth mounting member; and wherein the second distance is greater than the first distance.

US Pat. No. 10,136,501

HIGH INTENSITY LED ILLUMINATION DEVICE WITH AUTOMATED SENSOR-BASED CONTROL

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A lighting control system, comprising:a device controller containing control circuitry that is configured to control drive currents delivered to a plurality of light emitting diodes (LEDs) of a lighting device, wherein the control circuitry is programmed to generate commands to:
compensate for one or more failed LEDs in the plurality of LEDs by:
receiving voltage data from a power sensor configured to measure voltage drop across one or more groups of LEDs, wherein each of the one or more groups of LEDs comprise two or more LEDs connected in series,
analyzing the voltage data to determine if voltage across a group of LEDs of the one or more groups of LEDs is less than a threshold amount, wherein the threshold amount is indicative of a failed LED in the group of LEDs, and
upon determining that the voltage across the group of LEDs is less than the threshold amount, controlling drive currents delivered to the group of LEDs so that an illuminance level of light detected by an illuminance sensor does not substantially change as a result of the failed LED; and control the plurality of LEDs in response to data received from a sensor
configured to measure a characteristic value of light received from the lighting device by:
receiving data from the sensor,
analyzing the received data to determine if a detected characteristic value of light from the lighting device has moved above or below a threshold, and
in response to determining that the detected characteristic value of light from the lighting device has moved above or below the threshold, controlling drive currents delivered to the plurality of LEDs so that the light from the lighting device exhibits a light characteristic that is within the threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,036,498

FLEXIBLE JOINT WITH SUPPORT

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A flexible joint comprising:a first generally tubular member;
a second generally tubular member;
an annular ring, wherein the first and second generally tubular members are pivotally connected to the ring by pivot pins, a first pivot axis associated with the first tubular member and a second pivot axis associated with the second tubular member are substantially perpendicular to each other and form a hinge, and the annular ring extends radially outward to a further radial extent than the pivot pins;
a support structure, wherein portions of the support structure extend across an inside of the joint and provide support to the ring; and
a conduit enclosing ends of the first and second tubular members.

US Pat. No. 10,000,956

BREAK AWAY DOOR, TRIP UNIT AND CIRCUIT BREAKER ASSEMBLY INCLUDING SAME

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A hinge assembly comprising:a first portion; and
a second portion,
wherein one of the first portion or the second portion includes a first receptacle and a second receptacle,
wherein the other one of the first portion or the second portion includes a first cylindrical member extending along a hinge axis in a first direction, a second cylindrical member extending along the hinge axis in a second direction opposite the first direction, and a thickened portion having a contoured outer surface disposed adjacent the first cylindrical member and the second cylindrical member,
wherein the second portion is moveable from:
(i) a first state wherein the first cylindrical member is disposed in the first receptacle and the second cylindrical member is disposed in the second receptacle such that the second portion is coupled to the first portion and generally free to rotate about the hinge axis through at least a predetermined degree range, and
(ii) a second state in which the second portion is decoupled from the first portion responsive to the second portion being rotated beyond the predetermined degree range and the contoured outer surface interacting with a portion of the first portion,
wherein each of the first receptacle and the second receptacle comprises a main portion defined at least in-part by a curved surface disposed generally a radial distance about the hinge axis, and wherein when disposed in the first state, the first cylindrical member is disposed in the main portion of the first receptacle and the second cylindrical member is disposed in the main portion of the second receptacle,
wherein each of the first receptacle and the second receptacle further includes an opening which extends outward from the main portion and is positioned generally about a central reference line,
wherein the opening of each of the first receptacle and the second receptacle has a minimum opening width,
wherein when moving from the first state to the second state at least one of the first cylindrical member passes through the first portion of the first receptacle or the second cylindrical member passes through the first portion of the second receptacle, and
wherein each of the first cylindrical member and the second cylindrical member are defined by an outer diameter which is greater than the minimum width.

US Pat. No. 10,003,185

ELECTRICAL DEVICE WITH POWER QUALITY EVENT PROTECTION AND ASSOCIATED METHOD

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. An electrical device comprising:a first terminal structured to electrically connect to a power source;
a second terminal structured to electrically connect to a load;
a voltage sensor electrically connected to a point between the first and second terminals and being structured to sense a voltage at the point between the first and second terminals;
a switch electrically connected between the first terminal and the second terminal;
a control unit structured to detect a power quality event in the power flowing between the first and second terminals based on the sensed voltage and to control a state of the switch based on the detected power quality event;
separable contacts electrically connected between the first terminal and the second terminal and being moveable between a closed position and an open position;
an operating mechanism structured to trip open the separable contacts; and
a trip unit structured to detect a fault condition based on the power flowing between the power source and the load and to control the operating mechanism to trip open the separable contacts based on the detected fault condition,
wherein opening the separable contacts or the switch electrically disconnects the first and second terminals,
wherein the trip unit is structured to wait a predetermined time associated with the detected fault condition after detecting the fault condition before controlling the operating mechanism to open the separable contacts,
wherein the control unit is structured to change the predetermined time associated with the detected fault condition based on the detected power quality event, and
wherein the power quality event includes at least one of a transient and a swell.

US Pat. No. 9,985,432

CIRCUIT FOR PROTECTION AGAINST OVERVOLTAGES

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

9. An electronic system comprising:a circuit for protection against overvoltages, the circuit comprising:
an input side to which an input voltage can be applied;
an output side at which an output voltage can be tapped;
an overvoltage protection element which is connected in parallel with the input side and which is configured to, when an overvoltage pulse occurs at the input side, conduct at least part of the overvoltage pulse away via a first current path; and
a protective transistor which is connected in parallel with the output side, and
at least one voltage transformer connected to the output side of the circuit in order to transform the input voltage into an operating voltage for components connected electrically downstream of the voltage transformer,
wherein, when the overvoltage pulse occurs at the input side, the protective transistor changes from a closed mode into an open mode forming a second current path parallel to the first current path along the protective transistor, which second current path does not include a resistor, so that substantially the rest of the overvoltage pulse is conducted away via the second current path.

US Pat. No. 9,933,285

PIEZOELECTRIC SENSOR ASSEMBLY, AND SENSOR ATTACHMENT ASSEMBLY AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEM EMPLOYING SAME

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A piezoelectric sensor assembly for an electrical system, said electrical system comprising a sensor attachment assembly and a number of electrical conductors, said sensor attachment assembly comprising a sensor housing and a fastening member for fastening the sensor housing to a corresponding one of said electrical conductors, said corresponding one of said electrical conductors having a first side and a second side disposed opposite the first side, said piezoelectric sensor assembly comprising:a processor structured to be enclosed by the sensor housing;
a piezoelectric sensor element;
a wiring assembly electrically connecting said piezoelectric sensor element to said processor;
an insulating member coupled to said piezoelectric sensor element and being structured to extend outwardly from the sensor housing to engage the first side of said corresponding one of said electrical conductors, wherein said insulating member is a ceramic disc; wherein said ceramic disc includes a first side and a second side disposed opposite the first side; wherein the first side of said ceramic disc is structured to engage the first side of said corresponding one of said electrical conductors; and wherein the second side of said ceramic disc includes a recess structured to receive said piezoelectric sensor element; and
a mounting enclosure structured to mount said piezoelectric sensor element and said insulating member to the sensor housing,
wherein said fastening member comprises an elongated strap disposed on the exterior of the sensor housing and structured to wrap around and engage the second side of said corresponding one of said electrical conductors and attach to the sensor housing, in order to secure said piezoelectric sensor assembly to the first side of said corresponding one of said electrical conductors without requiring a separate mounting or clamping member on the second side.

US Pat. No. 9,928,977

ELECTRICAL SWITCHING APPARATUS, AND OPERATING HANDLE ASSEMBLY AND TRIP CAM THEREFOR

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A trip cam for an operating handle assembly of an electrical switching apparatus, said electrical switching apparatus comprising a housing and a number of poles, said operating handle assembly comprising an operating handle partially extending into said housing, said trip cam comprising:a mounting portion structured to be disposed in said housing; and
an operating handle protrusion extending from the mounting portion and being structured to directly engage said operating handle without any intermediate components.

US Pat. No. 10,020,110

SURFACE MOUNT POWER INDUCTOR COMPONENT WITH STACKED COMPONENT ACCOMMODATION

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A surface mount component assembly for a circuit board, comprising:a first surface mount component comprising:
a body comprising a first magnetic core piece and a second magnetic core piece assembled to the first magnetic core piece; and
a conductive element coupled to the body and including a portion thereof extending between the first magnetic core piece and the second magnetic core piece;
wherein the conductive element is a C-shaped winding defining less than one complete turn of an inductor winding, the conductive element including first and second surface mount terminations located on the first magnetic core piece for completing an electrical connection through the conductive element to the circuit board; and
wherein the first magnetic core piece defines a bottom side formed with a three dimensional space dimensioned to accommodate at least a portion of a second circuit board component separately provided from the first surface mount component, the three dimensional space extending between the first and second surface mount terminations on the bottom side, the portion of the second circuit board component accommodated in a vertically stacked relation to the first magnetic core piece when the first surface mount component is mounted to the circuit board with the first magnetic core piece abutting the circuit board.

US Pat. No. 9,932,983

LOW INERTIA LAMINATED ROTOR

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A rotor assembly comprising:a. a housing;
b. a first rotor assembly disposed in the housing; and
c. a second rotor assembly disposed in the housing and intermeshed with the first rotor assembly;
d. wherein the first and second rotor assemblies each have a rotor formed from a plurality of rotor plates including a plurality of steel sheet rotor plates, each including:
i. a first side and a second opposite side separated by a first thickness;
ii. a central opening extending between the first and second sides;
iii. a plurality of lobes extending away from the central opening, each of the plurality of lobes having a convex outline and being separated by a root portion having a concave outline,
iv. wherein the lobes of at least some of the plurality of rotor plates have a lobe opening extending between the first and second sides; and
e. a shaft extending through the central opening of each of the plurality of rotor plates;
f. wherein the plurality of rotor plates are stacked and secured together to form the rotor assembly such that at least one of the first and second sides of one rotor plate is adjacent to and in contact with at least one of the first and second sides of another rotor plate to form a helical rotor;
g. wherein the rotor assembly is a volumetric fluid expansion device configured to receive gases from an internal combustion engine.

US Pat. No. 9,927,131

ELECTRIC WATER HEATER SYSTEMS FOR POWER GRIDS WITH DISTRIBUTED GENERATION

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. An energy storage system for thermal storage of excess power from distributed-generation sources on a power line comprising:a water heater tank having a lower portion and an upper portion;
an upper heating package having:
an upper thermostat configured to sense an upper portion temperature; and
an upper resistive heating element configured to provide heat at the upper portion;
a lower heating package having:
a lower thermostat configured to sense a lower portion temperature; and
a lower resistive heating element configured to provide heat at the lower portion; and
a controller operably coupled to the power line and the water heater tank and configured to:
(a) provide power to the upper resistive heating element when the upper portion temperature is below a first selected temperature;
(b) provide power to the lower resistive heating element when the controller senses that an amplitude of the voltage exceeds a predetermined amplitude and the lower portion temperature is below a second selected temperature;
(c) provide power to the lower resistive heating element when the controller senses the amplitude is less than the predetermined amplitude and the lower portion temperature is below a third selected temperature; and
(d) turn off power to both the lower resistive heating element and the upper resistive heating element when none of the conditions (a)-(c) are met.

US Pat. No. 10,074,948

POWER RECEPTACLES WITH INTERNAL CHAMBERS FOR RELEASABLY HOLDING PORTABLE POWER DEVICES

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A power receptacle, comprising:a housing having an inwardly extending chamber, the inwardly extending chamber having a depth dimension that is between 0.5 and 5 inches sized and configured to releasably receive a portable power supply inside the chamber, wherein the depth dimension is greater than a width and height dimension, wherein the housing comprises an internal electrical interface in the chamber, wherein, when the portable power supply is in the chamber, the portable power supply electrically engages the electrical interface to thereby power and/or charge the portable power supply, wherein the power receptacle comprises at least one externally accessible electrical socket, and wherein in a ready-to-use configuration, the chamber directly and serially receives different user rechargeable power supplies; and
a ground strap extending between the housing and a front cover attached to the housing,
wherein the housing is sized and configured to reside in a single gang box, wherein a front end of the chamber is behind a window in an external outlet cover attached to the housing, and wherein the internal electrical interface serially and directly couples to electrical contacts on the different user power supplies.

US Pat. No. 10,033,322

CLOSED-TRANSITION VARIABLE-FREQUENCY DRIVE APPARATUS AND METHODS

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. An apparatus comprising:a variable frequency drive (VFD) having an input configured to be coupled to an AC source and an output configured to be coupled to a load;
a bypass switch configured to couple the AC source to the load; and
a control circuit configured to transition the load from the VFD to the AC source by synchronizing the VFD to an AC voltage of the AC source, initiating a transition of the bypass switch, detecting a current of the VFD following initiation of the transition and disabling the VFD based on the detected current.

US Pat. No. 10,032,573

OPERATING OR COMMAND ELEMENT, IN PARTICULAR FOR THE FIELD OF HYGIENE

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. An operating or command element, comprising:a key plate having a substantially flat or a slightly curved basic form, the key plate including several surface elevations, the surface elevations being formed on the basic form and being tactilely detectable using a fingertip so that a fingertip position on the key plate can be sensed and thus centered,
wherein both in a horizontal and in a vertical installed position of the operating or command element, the key plate is free of recesses in which liquids can accumulate,
wherein a contact surface is provided configured to determine a position of the operating or command element on a wall or front plate of a housing,
wherein the key plate includes an edge, which, in an installed position of the operating or command element, abuts against the front plate of the housing without gaps or predominantly without gaps,
wherein the key plate includes angle to the wall at a contact point of at least 93 degrees,
wherein the edge includes a sealing element which is flush with an outer surface of the edge,
wherein a restrictor is provided configured to restrict compression of the sealing element in an installed position of the operating or command element,
wherein the key plate includes a first group of the surface elevations, and
wherein the surface elevations of the first group lie in a circle.

US Pat. No. 10,032,578

HIGH CURRENT, COMPACT FUSIBLE DISCONNECT SWITCH WITH DUAL SLIDER BAR ACTUATOR ASSEMBLY

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A fusible disconnect switch device comprising:a switch housing configured to accept a pluggable fuse module;
a line side terminal and a load side terminal in the switch housing;
a switch actuator selectively positionable between an opened position and a closed position; and
a slider assembly linked to the switch actuator and responsive to a position of the switch actuator to effect a switch closing operation or a switch opening operation;
wherein the slider assembly comprises a first slider element and a second slider element each slidably movable with respect to the switch housing along a linear axis, a first bias element acting on the first slider element and a second bias element acting on the second slider element;
wherein the first slider element is independently movable relative to the second slider element;
wherein the second slider element carries at least one switch contact to make or break an electrical connection to one of the line side terminal and the load side terminal;
wherein the second bias element is mechanically isolated from the switch actuator in a first stage of the switch opening operation; and
wherein the first and second bias elements each provide an opening force in a second stage of the switch opening operation.

US Pat. No. 10,020,604

CONNECTION DEVICE FOR ELECTRICAL CONNECTION OF AN ELECTRICAL LOAD WITH A SOURCE OF ELECTRICAL POWER

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A connection device structured to be electrically connected with an electrical load and further structured to be electrically connected with a connector that includes a source of electrical power, the connection device comprising:a housing comprising a first housing portion and a second housing portion that are separate from one another;
an electrical apparatus situated on the housing and comprising a plurality of conductors; and
a number of mounts, at least a first mount of the number of mounts comprising a pair of confronting retention surfaces situated on one of the housing and a conductor of the plurality of conductors and further comprising a captive portion situated on the other of the housing and the conductor, the captive portion being received between the pair of confronting retention surfaces to resist movement of the conductor in a direction away from the housing;
wherein the first housing portion has an elongated channel formed therein, the second housing portion comprising a stem and a can, at least a portion of the stem being received in the channel, and the cap being situated adjacent an end of the first housing portion; and
wherein the housing comprises a third housing portion separate from the first housing portion and the second housing portion and situated adjacent another end of the first housing portion opposite the end.

US Pat. No. 10,008,837

BUS BAR APPARATUS USABLE IN HIGH-TEMPERATURE CABLE TERMINATION APPLICATIONS

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. An apparatus structured to be electrically connected between a number of electrical conductors rated to be operable at no greater than a first temperature and an electrical component rated to be operable at no greater than a second temperature that is less than the first temperature, the apparatus comprising:an electrical enclosure;
a number of bus bars situated within the electrical enclosure;
each bus bar being electrically conductive and having a first connection and a second connection spaced-apart from the first connection, the first connection being structured to be electrically connected to one of the number of electrical conductors, the second connection being structured to be electrically connected to the electrical component; and
wherein the electrical component includes a number of terminals rated to be operable at no greater than the second temperature, and wherein at least one of the bus bars is structured to be electrically connected to at least one terminal of the electrical component via at least one wire.

US Pat. No. 10,002,737

FUSE MODULE AND FUSIBLE DISCONNECT SWITCH ASSEMBLY THEREFOR

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A fusible disconnect switch assembly comprising:a fuse module comprising:
a fuse module housing;
a fuse element unit disposed within the fuse module housing;
a pair of terminal blades between which the fuse element unit is electrically connected, wherein each terminal blade comprises a pair of connection portions,
a first fusible disconnect switch comprising a first pole terminal and a first housing;
a second fusible disconnect switch comprising a second pole terminal and a second housing, the first housing and the second housing arranged side-by-side; and
a tie bar electrically connecting the first pole terminal and the second pole terminal,
wherein the first housing comprises a receptacle to receive at least a portion of the fuse module, the receptacle comprising a fuse rejection feature defined in part by a lip, and
wherein the first and second fusible disconnect switch is operable to selectively connect or disconnect a circuit path through the fuse module while the fuse module is installed in the receptacle.

US Pat. No. 9,999,815

LIGHTWEIGHT MULTICOLOR COMPRESSION MOLDED GRIP

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A lightweight compression molded multicolor golf grip, comprising:an elongated tubular body having an exterior surface, an interior surface, a butt end, a tip end, and a length from the butt end to the tip end wherein each point along the length has a cross-section having a cross-sectional area, an exterior cross-sectional radius, and an interior surface radius;
wherein the elongated tubular body includes a first section having a first color and a first interface edge, and a second section having a second color, different from the first color, and a second interface edge;
wherein the first section and the second section are composed of elastomer compounds having a density of less than 0.90 g/cc and the first section and second section are joined by cross-linking across a sharply defined cross-color interface having an interface transition zone, located within 0.150? of the first interface edge and the second interface edge where they abut, beyond which there is no mixing of the first color and the second color;
wherein at least one cross-section is asymmetric; and
wherein a compression test of the golf grip has a compression depth of at least 0.04? when subjected to a compressive force of 10 N; and
wherein the golf grip has a compression ratio of the compressive force to the compression depth that does not exceed 300 N/inch throughout a compression depth range of 0.01? to 0.05?.

US Pat. No. 9,989,042

PROPEL CIRCUIT AND WORK CIRCUIT COMBINATIONS FOR A WORK MACHINE

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A hydraulic circuit architecture for a mobile work vehicle, the hydraulic circuit architecture comprising:a drive hydraulic pump adapted to be driven by a prime mover, the drive hydraulic pump having a high pressure side and a low pressure side;
a hydraulic work circuit adapted for connection to at least one actuator for driving a work implement of the mobile work vehicle;
a hydraulic propel circuit including a propel hydraulic motor adapted to be connected to a drive train of the mobile work vehicle, the hydraulic propel circuit also including a hydraulic accumulator; and
a circuit selector for selectively connecting the high pressure side of the drive hydraulic pump to the hydraulic work circuit and the hydraulic propel circuit;
wherein the hydraulic circuit architecture is operable in: a) a first mode where the hydraulic propel circuit is connected to the high pressure side of the drive hydraulic pump and the hydraulic work circuit is disconnected from the high pressure side of the drive hydraulic pump; and b) a second mode where the hydraulic work circuit is connected to the high pressure side of the drive hydraulic pump and the hydraulic propel circuit is disconnected from the high pressure side of the drive hydraulic pump so that when the hydraulic circuit architecture is in the second mode, stored energy from the hydraulic accumulator can be used to drive the propel hydraulic motor to cause propulsion of the mobile work vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,036,407

CONTROL METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR USING A PAIR OF INDEPENDENT HYDRAULIC METERING VALVES TO REDUCE BOOM OSCILLATIONS

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

11. A method of controlling vibration in a boom, the method comprising:providing a hydraulic actuator including a pair of chambers;
providing a valve arrangement including a pair of counter-balance valves corresponding to the pair of chambers and further including a pair of control valves corresponding to the pair of chambers;
identifying a loaded chamber of the pair of chambers with at least one of the pair of control valves;
locking a corresponding one of the pair of counter-balance valves that corresponds to the loaded chamber; and
transmitting vibrating hydraulic fluid from a corresponding one of the pair of control valves that corresponds to an unloaded chamber of the pair of chambers.

US Pat. No. 10,014,804

MOTOR STARTING METHODS AND APPARATUS USING OUTPUT VOLTAGE CONTROL BASED ON SOURCE VOLTAGE

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A method of starting a motor, the method comprising:coupling the motor to an AC power source via a switching circuit of a motor starter;
detecting an output voltage produced by the switching circuit and responsively changing the output voltage; and
detecting an input voltage from the AC power source and responsively controlling a rate of change of the output voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,001,526

SELF-TESTING GROUND FAULT CIRCUIT INTERRUPTER

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A circuit interrupter comprising:a ground fault circuit interrupter circuit structured to detect a ground fault based on current flowing in line and neutral conductors of the circuit interrupter;
a ground fault circuit interrupter monitor circuit structured to perform a self-test on the circuit interrupter to determine the functional status of the ground fault circuit interrupter; and
a bridge circuit structured to harvest power from the line and neutral conductors and supply said harvested power to the ground fault circuit interrupter circuit and the ground fault circuit interrupter monitor circuit;
wherein the bridge circuit further comprises:
a ground point;
a supply point electrically connected to the ground fault circuit interrupter circuit and the ground fault circuit interrupter monitor circuit, wherein the bridge circuit is structured to supply said harvested power to the ground fault circuit interrupter circuit and the ground fault circuit interrupter monitor circuit via the supply point;
a first diode electrically connected between the neutral conductor and the ground point;
a second diode electrically connected between the neutral conductor and the supply point;
a third diode electrically connected between the line conductor and the supply point; and
a fourth diode electrically connected between the line conductor and the ground point;
a first redundant diode electrically connected in parallel with the first diode and not electrically connected in parallel with any other diodes of the bridge circuit; and
a second redundant diode electrically connected in parallel with the third diode and not electrically connected in parallel with any other diodes of the bridge circuit.

US Pat. No. 9,998,108

DRIVE CIRCUIT AND METHOD OF USING THE SAME

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

23. A method of operating a drive circuit including a plurality of switches with a first switch, a second switch, a third switch, a fourth switch, a fifth switch and a sixth switch, and a plurality of loops including a first loop, a second loop, a third loop, a fourth loop, a fifth loop, a sixth loop, a seventh loop, an eighth loop and a ninth loop, the method comprising:flowing a current through a LOAD via the first loop created by closing the first switch and the third switch;
flowing current through the LOAD via the second loop created by opening the first switch and closing the second switch;
flowing current through the LOAD via the third loop created by opening the second switch and closing the fifth switch;
flowing current through the LOAD via the fourth loop created by opening the third switch and the fifth switch and closing the second switch and the fourth switch;
flowing the current through the LOAD via the fifth loop created by opening the fourth switch and closing the third switch;
flowing current through the LOAD via the sixth loop created by opening the third switch and closing the sixth switch;
flowing current through the LOAD via the seventh loop created by opening the second switch and the sixth switch and closing the first switch and the third switch;
flowing current through the LOAD via the eighth loop created by opening the first switch and closing the fifth switch; and
flowing current through the LOAD via the ninth loop created by opening the third switch and the fifth switch and closing the second switch and the fourth switch, wherein energy is one of injected or recovered from the LOAD via the current flows through the plurality of loops;
wherein the first switch, the second switch, the third switch, the fourth switch, the fifth switch, and the sixth switch are each in an open initial state.

US Pat. No. 9,945,235

CONING RESISTANT ROTOR FOR A SEAL ASSEMBLY

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A coning-resistant rotor for a seal assembly, the rotor comprising:a rotor base;
a rotor head; and
an axially-extending web formed from a uniform material and interposed between the rotor base and the rotor head, the axially-extending web including at least one front axially-extending circumferential groove formed into the web from a front direction and at least one rear axially-extending circumferential groove formed into the web from a rear direction of the rotor; wherein the front axially-extending circumferential groove and the rear axially-extending circumferential groove are at least partially offset in a radial direction and at least partially overlap each other in an axial direction;
wherein the axially-extending web comprises a front axial web region, a rear axial web region, and at least one radial web region each of which is formed, at least in part, by at least one of the at least one front axially-extending circumferential groove and the at least one rear axially-extending circumferential groove.

US Pat. No. 9,932,827

HYDRAULIC RADIAL PISTON DEVICES

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A radial piston device comprising:(a) a housing defining a housing hydraulic fluid inlet;
(b) a pintle received within the housing and fixed relative to the housing,
wherein the pintle comprises:
a pintle axis;
a pintle wall defining a pintle inlet port and a pintle outlet port;
a pintle hydraulic fluid inlet in fluidic communication with the housing hydraulic fluid inlet and aligned with the pintle axis and in fluidic communication with the pintle inlet port; and
a pintle hydraulic fluid outlet aligned with the pintle axis and in fluidic communication with the pintle outlet port;
(c) a rotor rotatably disposed around the pintle, wherein the rotor defines:
a bore, wherein the bore is configured to be rotatably received around the pintle;
a plurality of radially oriented cylinders comprising a first cylinder set comprising a first cylinder and a second cylinder adjacent to the first cylinder and aligned relative to an axis of the rotor;
a first rotor fluid port in fluidic communication with the first cylinder set, wherein when the rotor is in a first position, the first rotor fluid port is in fluidic communication with the pintle inlet port, and wherein when the rotor is in a second position approximately 180 degrees from the first position, the first rotor fluid port is in fluidic communication with the pintle outlet port;
(d) a first piston axially displaceable in the first cylinder and a second piston axially displaceable within the second cylinder, and wherein each of the first piston and the second piston comprises a head defining a spherical contact surface;
(e) a thrust ring rotatably disposed within the housing and about the rotor, wherein the thrust ring is in contact with each of the first piston and the second piston, such that a rotation of the rotor rotates the thrust ring, and wherein an inner surface of the thrust ring defines a toroidal contact surface, and wherein a contact location between the spherical contact surface of the first piston and the toroidal contact surface varies on the spherical contact surface as the rotor rotates from the first position to the second position, wherein the thrust ring is spaced apart from the housing so as to define a hydrodynamic journal bearing; and
(f) a drive shaft engaged with the rotor, such that a rotation of the rotor rotates the drive shaft.

US Pat. No. 9,929,546

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM AND SUPPORT ASSEMBLY THEREFOR

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A support assembly for an electrical system, said electrical system comprising a network protector and a number of disconnect switches coupled to said network protector, said support assembly comprising:an insulative mounting member structured to be coupled to each of said number of disconnect switches;
a number of base assemblies each comprising a housing assembly and a stand assembly extending into said housing assembly, said housing assembly being coupled to said insulative mounting member; and
a lifting apparatus disposed on each of said base assemblies,
wherein said lifting apparatus is structured to move each of said insulative mounting member and said housing assembly in a direction orthogonal to a plane said stand assembly rests on.

US Pat. No. 10,037,856

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM, AND ELECTRICAL SWITCHING APPARATUS AND GUARD MEMBER THEREFOR

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A guard member for an electrical switching apparatus of an electrical system, said electrical system comprising at least one electrical conductor, said electrical switching apparatus comprising a housing, said guard member comprising:a base portion structured to receive said at least one electrical conductor;
a number of coupling portions extending from said base portion and being structured to be coupled to said housing; and
a plurality of petal portions extending from said base portion away from said number of coupling portions, at least one of said plurality of petal portions being orientated at an acute angle with respect to said base portion,
wherein each of said plurality of petal portions has an external surface extending from said base portion away from said number of coupling portions, said external surface substantially facing away from every portion of said guard member.

US Pat. No. 10,014,679

ELECTRICAL SWITCHING APPARATUS INCLUDING ALTERNATING CURRENT ELECTRONIC TRIP CIRCUIT WITH ARC FAULT DETECTION CIRCUIT AND POWER SUPPLY

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. An electrical switching apparatus structured to electrically connect between a direct current power source and a direct current load, the electrical switching apparatus comprising:separable contacts;
an operating mechanism configured to open and close said separable contacts;
a trip actuator configured to cooperate with said operating mechanism to trip open said separable contacts;
a transductor circuit including first and second current transformers, the transductor circuit being configured to sense a direct current component of a current flowing between the direct current power source and the direct current load to output an alternating current proportional to the direct current component;
an alternating current electronic trip circuit being configured to control said trip actuator based on the alternating current output from the transductor circuit; and
a power supply structured to provide direct current power to the alternating current electronic trip unit,
wherein the first current transformer includes a first secondary winding and the second current transformer includes a second secondary winding; wherein the transductor circuit includes an alternating current power circuit configured to provide an alternating voltage to the first current transformer and the second current transformer; and wherein the first and second secondary windings are electrically connected in series-opposition such that an electromotive force induced in the first secondary winding by the current flowing between the direct current power source and the direct current load is in opposition with an electromotive force induced in the second secondary winding by the current flowing between the direct current power source and the direct current load.

US Pat. No. 9,972,468

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY RACKS HAVING INTEGRATED BUS PLUGS AND RELATED SYSTEMS AND BUSWAYS

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A busway for power distribution to equipment positioned in an information technology (IT) rack, the busway comprising:a plurality of openings in a receptacle on a first surface of the busway, the plurality of openings in the receptacle in the busway being configured to receive a plurality of plug-in stabs that protrude from an external surface of the IT rack and are associated with a plurality of bus plugs integrated with the IT rack,
wherein the busway is external to the IT rack such that when the plurality of plug-in stabs are positioned in the plurality of openings in the busway, the external surface of the IT rack is adjacent and held flush with the first surface of the busway and power is provided to the IT rack from the busway via the plurality of plug-in stabs without cords.

US Pat. No. 10,060,964

ARC FAULT CIRCUIT INTERRUPTER DETECTOR SYSTEMS INCLUDING SUPER REGENERATIVE HIGH FREQUENCY RECEIVER

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. An arc fault circuit interrupter (“AFCI”) detector system, comprising:a current measure component that determines that a frequency of current corresponds to a frequency of interest;
at least one super regenerative high frequency receiver tuned to the frequency of interest, the at least one super regenerative high frequency receiver being structured to:
receive the current from the current measure component at the frequency of interest;
provide the current to a tank circuit of the at least one super regenerative high frequency receiver; and
determine a time period for oscillations within the at least one super regenerative high frequency receiver corresponding to consecutive occurrences of the current reaching a quench voltage for the tank circuit; and
at least one microcontroller in communication with the at least one super regenerative high frequency receiver, the at least one microcontroller being structured to:
determine an amplitude of the current based on the time period; and
determine that an arc fault event is occurring based, at least in part, on the amplitude of the current.

US Pat. No. 10,020,145

MECHANICAL CONNECTOR AND CIRCUIT BREAKER PROVIDED WITH MECHANICAL CONNECTOR

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A circuit breaker, comprising:a switching device including a first contact and a second contact, movable relative to each other and arranged within an insulation housing;
a fixed electrode rod mounted on a first side of the switching device;
a movable electrode rod mounted on a second side of the switching device;
a first terminal arranged on the insulation housing and electrically connected to the fixed electrode rod;
a second terminal electrically connected with the movable electrode rod; and
a mechanical connector for high and low voltages, the mechanical connector comprising:
a first connector part including a first end having a cavity;
a second connector part including a first end having a cross section adapted to the cavity of the first connector part; and
a thermally conductive, electrically insulating layer, arranged between and in contact with the second connector part and the first connector part,
wherein inner dimensions of the cavity correspond with outer dimensions of the cross section so as to provide a slide fit and an electrical connection between an outer circumference of the cross section and an inner circumference of the cavity,
wherein the mechanical connector is arranged between the fixed electrode rod and the first terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,008,853

GENERATOR DISPATCHING OR LOAD SHEDDING CONTROL METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR MICROGRID APPLICATIONS

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A load shedding control method for a microgrid, said method comprising:employing a plurality of generators;
employing a plurality of distribution nodes;
powering at least some of said distribution nodes by said generators;
forming a grid by said distribution nodes, said grid including a system frequency;
powering a plurality of loads by said grid through said distribution nodes; and
measuring the system frequency of said grid, comparing the measured system frequency to a frequency threshold to generate a comparison result representing a difference between the system frequency and the frequency threshold, and responsive to and based on the comparison result shedding by a processor a number of said loads from said grid or prohibiting additional load to said grid.

US Pat. No. 9,973,333

BUMP-IN-THE-WIRE TIME CODE SIGNAL DECODER AND DEBUGGER

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A time code signal decoder and debugger apparatus, comprising:a controller structured and configured to: receive an encoded time code signal, decode the encoded time code signal, and produce a parsed signal based on the decoding of the encoded time code signal;
a communications interface coupled to the controller, wherein the communications interface is structured to receive the parsed signal and generate an output signal based on the parsed signal; and
circuitry structured to receive an input encoded time code signal, wherein the circuitry includes: energy harvesting circuitry structured to generate DC power for powering the time code signal decoder and debugger apparatus from the input encoded time code signal, and signal conditioning circuitry structured to generate the encoded time code signal from the input encoded time code signal.

US Pat. No. 9,936,615

POWER POLE ISOLATED HEAT PIPE INVERTER ASSEMBLY

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A support assembly for a power pole inverter, said power pole inverter including a housing assembly, a capacitor assembly, a number of arm assemblies, each said arm assembly including a plurality of electrical components, a number of electrical buses, and a number of heat sinks, each said electrical bus including a body with terminals, each said terminal structured to be coupled to, and in electrical communication with, said capacitor assembly, each said arm assembly including a neutral terminal, each said arm assembly coupled to, and in electrical communication with, said capacitor assembly, wherein each heat sink is structured to be coupled to, and in electrical communication with, an associated arm assembly neutral terminal, wherein said support assembly comprises:a non-conductive frame assembly; and
said support assembly structured to support each said heat sink in isolation.

US Pat. No. 10,026,580

COMPACT MODULAR FUSE BLOCK WITH INTEGRATED FUSE CLEARANCE

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A fuse block for at least one fuse having axially extending knife blade contacts respectively extending from opposed ends of a fuse body, the fuse block comprising:at least one nonconductive base having a pair of elevated end portions respectively defining a pedestal surface and a recessed middle portion extending between the pair of elevated end portions;
an exposed box lug mounted to each pedestal surface;
an exposed resilient fuse clip arm positioned adjacent the box lug on each pedestal surface, the resilient fuse clip arm being separately provided from the box lug and being deflectable relative to the box lug to receive a respective one of the knife blade contacts of the fuse and secure each knife blade contact in surface contact with the box lug with the fuse body being spaced from the recessed middle portion; and
a first barrier wall extending alongside the box lug and a second barrier wall extending alongside the resilient fuse clip arm, wherein each of the first barrier wall and the second barrier wall extends above the pedestal surface to provide a degree of protection to a person from inadvertently touching the exposed box lug or the exposed resilient fuse clip arm when servicing the fuse.

US Pat. No. 10,027,112

HIGH VOLTAGE POWER SUPPLIES USING SERIALLY COUPLED CURRENT SOURCE RECTIFIERS AND METHODS OF OPERATING THE SAME

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. An apparatus comprising:an output port configured to be coupled to a load;
a plurality of current source rectifier (CSR) circuits having outputs coupled in series across the output port; and
a control circuit configured to control the CSR circuits responsive to a voltage at the output port and further configured to sense a failure of one of the CSR circuits and to responsively bypass the failed one of the CSR circuits and adjust output voltages of remaining active ones of the CSR circuits to maintain a desired output voltage at the output port.

US Pat. No. 10,020,802

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR OPERATING HYBRID POWER DEVICES USING DRIVER CIRCUITS THAT PERFORM INDIRECT INSTANTANEOUS LOAD CURRENT SENSING USING STORED I-V CHARACTERISTICS

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. An integrated circuit, comprising:a current-sensing device driver circuit configured to drive first and second control terminals of respective first and second switching devices of different type, which are connected in parallel within a hybrid switch, with respective first and second periodic control signals that establish a first on-off switching pattern within the hybrid switch, in response to estimating a forward on-state current in the hybrid switch from: (i) a measurement of a magnitude of a first voltage associated with a drain or collector terminal of the hybrid switch, (ii) a first active level voltage associated with the first periodic control signal, and (iii) a second active level voltage associated with the second periodic control signal, said estimating a forward on-state current comprising summing respective current contributions of each of the first and second switching devices within the hybrid switch based on their respective non-linear I-V characteristics, which are stored in a look-up table(s) and accessed using the measurement of the magnitude of the first voltage associated with the drain or collector terminal of the hybrid switch.

US Pat. No. 10,020,642

MOTOR CONTROL CENTER UNITS WITH RETRACTABLE STABS AND INTERLOCKS USING SLIDING PORTAL SHUTTERS

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A bucket assembly, comprising:a unit housing having laterally spaced apart right and left sidewalls;
an operator handle attached to the unit housing;
an inwardly extending shaft attached to the operator handle;
at least one shutter cam attached to the inwardly extending shaft behind the operator handle;
a shutter cooperably engaged with the at least one shutter cam, the shutter comprising a primary body that is planar and extends in a vertical orientation, the primary body comprising a shutter portal, wherein the shutter further comprises a side portion that extends laterally outward from the primary body of the shutter behind the operator handle; and
an interlock member in communication with the inwardly extending shaft, the interlock member configured to extend and retract to extend out an aperture in the right sidewall or the left sidewall of the unit housing,
wherein, in operation the at least one shutter cam contacts the shutter and laterally slides the shutter between first and second positions, wherein, in the first position, the shutter portal is aligned with and behind an external stab isolation access portal, wherein, in the second position, the shutter portal is laterally offset from the stab isolation access portal and blocks access to the stab isolation access portal.

US Pat. No. 9,941,085

ELECTRICAL SWITCHING APPARATUS, AND MOVABLE ARM ASSEMBLY AND MOVABLE ARM THEREFOR

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A movable arm for a movable arm assembly of an electrical switching apparatus, said movable arm assembly comprising a first separable contact, said electrical switching apparatus comprising a housing, an operating handle coupled to said housing, and a second separable contact disposed internal said housing and being structured to engage said first separable contact, said movable arm comprising:a first arm member structured to be coupled to said first separable contact; and
a second arm member coupled to said first arm member, said second arm member being structured to be coupled to said operating handle,
wherein said first arm member is made from a first copper material and said second arm member is made from a second, different copper material;
wherein said first arm member has a first coefficient of thermal expansion; and wherein said second arm member has a second coefficient of thermal expansion substantially the same as the first coefficient of thermal expansion.

US Pat. No. 9,941,645

COMPACT PLUG ASSEMBLIES FOR PLUG AND SOCKET UNIT ISOLATOR SYSTEMS FOR MOTOR CONTROL CENTERS (MCC)

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. An electrical plug assembly configured to cooperate with a socket assembly, comprising:a laterally extending insulated support;
a plurality of laterally spaced apart vertically oriented conductive bars held by the insulated support, wherein when the laterally extending insulated support is held in a horizontal operative orientation, the conductive bars have a length sufficient to extend above and below the insulated support;
a plurality of line side conductive plugs held by the conductive bars, wherein when the laterally extending insulated support is held in the horizontal operative orientation, the plurality of line side conductive plugs reside above the insulated support; and
a plurality of load side conductive plugs held by the conductive bars, wherein when the laterally extending insulated support is held in the horizontal operative orientation, the plurality of load side conductive plugs reside below the insulated support, spaced apart from the plurality of load side plugs.

US Pat. No. 9,941,700

UTILITY SCALE RENEWABLE ENERGY SYSTEM CONTROLS FOR RAMP-RATE, VOLTAGE, AND FREQUENCY MANAGEMENT

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A renewable energy system coupled to a point of interconnection of an electrical distribution system, comprising:a plurality of renewable energy sources each including a renewable source inverter structured to output a renewable source power, the renewable source inverter of each of the renewable energy sources being coupled to a distribution line through a respective transformer at a respective renewable source coupling point on the distribution line in a manner wherein the renewable source powers of the renewable source inverters combine additively; and
an energy storage source including an energy storage device coupled to an energy storage inverter, wherein the energy storage inverter is coupled to the distribution line at an energy storage source coupling point on the distribution line, wherein the energy storage source coupling point is located downstream of each of the renewable source coupling points and between the point of interconnection and each of the renewable source coupling points; and
a control system operatively coupled to the energy storage source and the number of renewable energy sources, wherein the control system is structured and configured to: (i) control a voltage at the point of interconnection by controlling a renewable source reactive power output by each of the renewable source inverters based on a reactive power command calculated for each of the renewable source inverters and an energy storage reactive power output by the energy storage inverter, wherein for each renewable source inverter the reactive power command is calculated based on an impedance value comprising a total impedance of a portion of the distribution line and each of the respective transformers located between the renewable source inverter and the point of interconnection, and (ii) provide power ramp rate control for the renewable energy system by controlling at least one of a renewable source real power output by each of the renewable source inverters and a first energy storage real power output by the energy storage inverter.

US Pat. No. 10,020,154

TRIP BAR STOP

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A linkage assembly for a circuit breaker, said linkage assembly comprising:a number of linkage members, said linkage members operatively coupled to each other and each movable between a second configuration, an initial tripped configuration, a rebound configuration, and a final tripped configuration, said linkage members biased to said final tripped configuration;
said number of linkage members includes a cradle latch;
said cradle latch includes a cradle latch stop surface;
a stop member coupled to an associated linkage member, said stop member moving with said associated linkage member, said stop member positioned to contact said cradle latch stop surface when said linkage members are in said rebound configuration;
wherein contact between said stop member and said cradle latch stop surface substantially arrests the motion of said linkage members;
said number of linkage members includes a trip bar latch member;
said trip bar latch member movable between a rebound configuration and a final tripped configuration;
said cradle latch rotatably coupled to said trip bar latch member;
said trip bar latch member including a latch surface and a cam surface; and
wherein, when said trip bar latch member is in one of said rebound configuration or said final tripped configuration, said trip bar latch member cam surface is disposed in the path of said trip bar latching surface.

US Pat. No. 10,008,353

METERING APPARATUS, SYSTEM AND DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM INCLUDING SAME

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A metering system comprising:a computing device; and
a plurality of metering apparatuses, each metering apparatus comprising:
a support;
a connection apparatus disposed on the support and structured to be electrically connected with a circuit interrupter;
a detection apparatus disposed on the support and structured to detect at least a first operational aspect of the circuit interrupter;
a first bidirectional communications port disposed on a first side of the support;
a second bidirectional communications port disposed on a second side, opposite the first side, of the support; and
a communication apparatus disposed on the support and in communications with the detection apparatus, the first bidirectional communications port and the second bidirectional communications port, the communication apparatus being structured to communicate to another device via at least one of the first communications port or the second communications port at least a first parameter of the circuit interrupter based at least in part upon the at least first operational aspect,
wherein one of the first bidirectional communications port or the second bidirectional communications port of a first metering apparatus of the plurality of metering apparatuses is in direct communication with the computing device,
wherein the other of the first bidirectional communications port or the second bidirectional communications port of the first metering apparatus of the plurality of metering apparatuses is in direct communication with one of the first bidirectional communications port or the second bidirectional communications port of a second metering apparatus of the plurality of metering apparatuses,
wherein, for each metering apparatus, the first communications port is disposed in a first alcove formed on the first side of the support and the second communications port is disposed in a second alcove formed on the second side of the support,
wherein the first alcove opens to the first side of the support and to a top face of the support,
wherein the second alcove opens to the second side of the support and to the top face of the support,
wherein the first metering apparatus and the second metering apparatus are disposed such that the second side of the first metering apparatus is adjacent the first side of the second metering apparatus such that second alcove of the first metering apparatus and the first alcove of the second metering apparatus together generally form a wireway,
wherein the first bidirectional communications port of the first metering apparatus is in direct communication with the computing device,
wherein the second bidirectional communications port of the first metering apparatus is in direct communication with the first bidirectional communications port of the second metering apparatus, and
wherein the direct communication between the second bidirectional communications port of the first metering apparatus and the first bidirectional communications port of the second metering apparatus is provided by a jumper cable disposed completely within the wireway.

US Pat. No. 9,995,020

FAULT DETECTION, ISOLATION AND RECONFIGURATION SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CONTROLLING ELECTROHYDRAULIC SYSTEMS USED IN CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A method of operating a control system for a hydraulic circuit in a vehicle comprising the steps of:a. receiving input signals from a plurality of sensors in the hydraulic circuit;
b. executing a first control algorithm to generate output signals to a plurality of control components in the hydraulic circuit, the first control algorithm incorporating at least some of the sensor input signals;
c. detecting a fault condition in the control system relating to a sensor or control component associated with the execution of the first control algorithm;
d. isolating the fault condition by identifying a faulty sensor or control component responsible for the fault condition; and
reconfiguring the controller to execute a second control algorithm instead of the first control algorithm, the second control algorithm excluding the input signal from the faulty sensor or control component.

US Pat. No. 9,988,139

FAULT TOLERANT ELECTRONIC CONTROL ARCHITECTURE FOR AIRCRAFT ACTUATION SYSTEM

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A system having a control architecture for an aircraft, comprising:a multi-channel controller including a first channel and a second channel that are redundantly paired with a single physical component of said aircraft, wherein the first and second channels are operationally coupled to alternate between an active operational status and an inactive operational status;
the first channel in the active operational status being configured to receive one or more inputs comprising a movement command, to produce an output to control a movement of the single physical component of said aircraft based on the one or more inputs, and to receive feedback from the single physical component respective of the movement of the single physical component, the first channel comprising a fault detection module configured to compare the feedback to the movement command to determine if the first channel is functioning properly; and
the second channel in the inactive operational status being configured for redundant functionality while the first channel is in the active operational status and to receive the one or more inputs of the first channel and, in response to the first channel not functioning properly based on the fault detection module of the first channel, switch to the active operational status to produce an output to control the movement of the single physical component while the first channel switches to the inactive operational status.

US Pat. No. 10,020,134

ELECTRICAL SWITCHING APPARATUS AND SWITCHING ASSEMBLY THEREFOR

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A switching assembly for an electrical switching apparatus, said electrical switching apparatus comprising a base, said switching assembly comprising:a printed circuit board structured to be coupled to said base;
at least one switch mechanically coupled to and electrically connected with said printed circuit board; and
an actuation member structured to be coupled to said base, said actuation member comprising at least one actuation portion having a button portion and an arm portion extending from said button portion, said arm portion being structured to engage and actuate said at least one switch,
wherein said at least one actuation portion is structured to move between a FIRST position and a SECOND position,
wherein, when said at least one actuation portion moves from the FIRST position toward the SECOND position, said button portion moves said arm portion toward engagement with said at least one switch in order to actuate said at least one switch, and
wherein, when said at least one actuation portion moves from the FIRST position to the SECOND position, said button portion moves a first distance and said arm portion moves a second distance less than the first distance in order to prevent said at least one switch from shearing off of said printed circuit board.

US Pat. No. 10,017,064

ISOLATED HIGH PRECISION PILOT VOLTAGE GENERATING CIRCUIT AND ELECTRIC VEHICLE SUPPLY EQUIPMENT INCLUDING THE SAME

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. An electrical circuit for electric vehicle supply equipment, the electrical circuit comprising:a power supply unit structured to generate an isolated voltage that is isolated from power lines of the electric vehicle supply equipment;
a pilot control signal unit structured to generate a pilot control signal having a state including one of a high state and a low state;
a pilot control signal isolation unit structured to generate an isolated pilot control signal that is isolated from the power lines of the electric vehicle supply equipment and is based on the state of the pilot control signal; and
an amplification unit structured to generate a pilot signal based on the state of the pilot control signal,
wherein the amplification unit is structured to receive the isolated pilot control signal and the isolated voltage and to use the isolated pilot control signal and the isolated voltage to generate the pilot signal, and wherein the pilot signal is isolated from the power lines of the electric vehicle supply equipment.

US Pat. No. 10,008,802

RECEPTACLE FRAMES FOR ADAPTING A FLOAT RANGE CAPABILITY OF A BLIND-MATE CONNECTOR AND RELATED SYSTEMS

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A receptacle frame comprising:a frame having first and second opposing, tapered sidewalls, each of the first and second tapered sidewalls having first and second ends and the first and second ends of each tapered sidewall having corresponding first and second tapered leads thereon, the tapered sidewalls of the frame defining an opening therethrough;
at least one mounting slot on the frame to secure the receptacle frame to a back plane of an electrical enclosure; and
at least one mounting point on the frame to secure a blind-mate receptacle portion of a blind-mate connector to the receptacle frame.

US Pat. No. 9,964,195

LIMITED-SLIP DRIVELINE APPARATUS

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A limited-slip driveline apparatus comprising:a first driveline component that is rotatable relative to a second driveline component;
a clutch configured to resist relative rotation between the first driveline component and the second driveline component at least when the clutch is actuated;
an actuation arrangement for actuating the clutch, the actuation arrangement including:
a hydraulic pump that pumps hydraulic fluid through a hydraulic circuit when relative rotation exists between the first and second driveline components, wherein hydraulic pressure generated by the hydraulic pump within the hydraulic circuit is used to actuate the clutch; and
a flow regulating valve having a valve sleeve and a valve piston slidably mounted within the valve sleeve, the valve sleeve defining at least one outlet opening and the valve piston defining at least one outlet opening cooperating to define a variable size outlet orifice of the flow regulating valve for regulating a hydraulic fluid flow rate through the hydraulic circuit, the flow regulating valve being configured to reduce the size of the variable outlet orifice of the flow regulating valve to prevent the hydraulic fluid flow rate from exceeding a set maximum flow rate regardless of a magnitude of the hydraulic pressure in the hydraulic circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,008,859

METHODS, CIRCUITS AND ARTICLES OF MANUFACTURE FOR CONTROLLING WIRELESS POWER TRANSFER RESPONSIVE TO CONTROLLER CIRCUIT STATES

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A method of operating a wireless power transfer circuit to provide a wireless power transfer, the wireless power transfer circuit including a transmitter portion comprising an input port configured to couple to a power source, an ac excitation circuit having a port coupled to the input port, a resonant circuit coupled to the ac excitation circuit, and a controller circuit configured to operate the ac excitation circuit, the method comprising:inductively transferring power from the resonant circuit;
changing an operating frequency of the ac excitation circuit and a configuration of the resonant circuit responsive a change in indicated efficiency of the wireless power transfer; and
transmitting an indication to change a configuration of a resonant circuit included in a receiver portion of the wireless power transfer circuit by adding or removing components to/from the configuration, based on the indicated efficiency of the wireless power transfer.

US Pat. No. 10,103,506

BUSWAY SYSTEMS AND RELATED ASSEMBLIES AND METHODS

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A busway assembly comprising:first and second busway sections, each busway section comprising:
a busway section housing having a length, the housing comprising first and second opposing side portions;
a first insulator held in the first side portion of the housing, the first insulator having a length that is substantially the same as the length of the housing, the first insulator holding one or more bus bar conductors, each bus bar conductor comprising an upper portion and a spaced apart opposite lower portion with an open channel therebetween; and
a second insulator held in the second side portion of the housing, the second insulator having a length that is substantially the same as the length of the housing, the second insulator holding one or more bus bar conductors, each bus bar conductor comprising an upper portion and a spaced apart opposite lower portion with an open channel therebetween; and
a joint assembly between and connecting the first and second busway sections, the joint assembly comprising:
first and second connected joint housings; and
a plurality of joint conductors held in the first and second joint housings;
wherein a first exposed portion of each joint conductor extends out of the first joint housing and is received between and contacts each of the upper and lower portions of one of the bus bar conductors of the first busway section to be electrically connected therewith, and wherein a second exposed portion of each joint conductor extends out of the second joint housing and is received between and contacts each of the upper and lower portions of one of the bus bar conductors of the second busway section to be electrically connected therewith.

US Pat. No. 10,036,454

LOCKING DEVICE FOR METER COVER

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. An apparatus for use with an electric meter housing and a cover having adjacent circular flanges reaching circumferentially about a cover axis, the apparatus comprising:a clamping ring having a first end portion, a second end portion, and a cross-section configured for the ring to take an installed position fitted radially over the adjacent circular flanges; and
a gear mechanism including a gear configured to move the first end portion of the ring circumferentially relative to the second end portion upon rotation of the gear; and
a manual actuator configured to rotate the gear upon rotation of the actuator about an axis parallel or substantially parallel to the cover axis when the ring is in the installed position.

US Pat. No. 9,989,579

MONITORING SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETECTING THERMAL-MECHANICAL STRAIN FATIGUE IN AN ELECTRICAL FUSE

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. An electrical fuse fatigue assessment system comprising:a controller monitoring a fuse fatigue parameter of an electrical fuse over a period of time while the electrical fuse is connected to an energized electrical power system; and
a circuit connected in electrical parallel with the electrical fuse, the circuit including a current source injecting current across the electrical fuse;
wherein the controller measures a resistance of the electrical fuse based on the injected current across the electrical fuse;
wherein the controller assesses the monitored fuse fatigue parameter in reference to the measured resistance; and
wherein, based on the assessed monitored fuse fatigue parameter, the controller determines at least one of a consumed service life of the electrical fuse or a service life remaining of the electrical fuse.

US Pat. No. 10,122,094

WIRE TERMINATING POST AND ELECTRICAL DEVICE INCLUDING SAME

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A wire terminating post formed from a conductive material, the post comprising:a first end structured to interlock with a portion of an electrical component; and
a second end disposed opposite the first end, the second end comprising:
a first aperture defined therethrough, the first aperture having a first diameter, and
a second aperture defined therethrough, the second aperture have a second diameter less than the first diameter.

US Pat. No. 10,089,276

DISTRIBUTED LOGIC CONTROL APPARATUS

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A distributed logic control apparatus usable to control a system and comprising:a data network;
a plurality of devices connected with the data network;
the plurality of devices comprising a network protocol controller and a plurality of intelligent devices;
the network protocol controller being structured to output to the data network a header of a data frame;
each intelligent device of the plurality of intelligent devices comprising a processor apparatus, the processor apparatus comprising a processor and a storage, the storage having stored therein a number of algorithms that are executable on the processor to cause the corresponding intelligent device to perform a number of operations;
the plurality of intelligent devices each being structured to separately output a signal to the data network wherein the signals together form a data set of the data frame; and
each intelligent device of the plurality of intelligent devices being structured to detect at least a portion of the data set, at least a first intelligent device of the plurality of intelligent devices being structured to perform an operation of the number of operations responsive to the detecting of the at least portion of the data set.

US Pat. No. 9,973,106

WIDE RANGE AC/DC CONVERTER CIRCUIT

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. An electric circuit for use with an AC power source, the electric circuit comprising:a diode electrically connected to a line input from the AC power source;
a transistor having a gate, a drain, and a source, wherein the drain is electrically connected to the diode;
a zener diode electrically connected between the gate and the source of the transistor and having a cathode connected to the gate;
a resistor electrically connected between the source of the transistor and a neutral input from the AC power source;
a capacitor electrically connected in parallel with the resistor; and
at least two second zener diodes electrically connected between the gate and the neutral input and having cathodes at least one of the at least two second zener diodes having a cathode connected to the gate,
wherein a voltage across the resistor is a direct current voltage having a value equal to a sum of breakdown voltages of the second zener diodes minus a breakdown voltage of the zener diode.

US Pat. No. 10,100,827

ELECTRONIC CONTROL FOR A ROTARY FLUID DEVICE

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A fluid device system comprising:a rotary fluid pump having a fluid inlet and a fluid outlet;
an electric motor having a shaft coupled to the rotary fluid pump, the electric motor being adapted for rotation in response to a control signal;
a plurality of sensors including at least a motor shaft speed sensor and a motor shaft position sensor;
a controller adapted to receive inputs from the plurality of sensors and to communicate the control signal to the electric motor, the controller including a lookup table having pump performance data accounting for changes in a relationship between at least one of phase current and shaft speed, and phase angle and torque due to performance losses of the rotary fluid pump;
wherein the inputs from the plurality of sensors and the pump performance data from the lookup table are used by the controller to determine an efficiency of the rotary fluid pump, wherein the controller uses the determined rotary fluid pump efficiency to modify the control signal to the motor to regulate an output parameter of the rotary fluid pump.

US Pat. No. 10,102,984

CURRENT SENSE TECHNIQUES FOR ARC FAULT AND GROUND FAULT RECEPTACLES

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. An arc fault or ground fault receptacle assembly, comprising:a load terminal;
a shunt stationary terminal composed of a steel or steel alloy and copper or copper alloy multi-layer composite;
a first point positioned at one end of the shunt stationary terminal to provide a first voltage measurement; and
a second point positioned at an opposite end of the shunt stationary terminal to provide a second voltage measurement,
wherein, a current shunt is integrated into the shunt stationary terminal, excluding a separate current shunt branch, and
wherein a difference between the first voltage measurement and the second voltage measurement is used to determine current flow.

US Pat. No. 10,074,500

LOW PROFILE FUSIBLE DISCONNECT SWITCH DEVICE

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A fusible disconnect switch device comprising:a nonconductive switch housing including a plurality of orthogonal sides and configured to removably accept a cylindrical overcurrent protection fuse;
a first fuse contact member and a second fuse contact member coupled to the nonconductive switch housing, each of the first fuse contact member and the second fuse contact member configured to engage and complete an electrical connection through the overcurrent protection fuse, wherein the first fuse contact member is rotatably mounted to the nonconductive switch housing and selectively positionable with respect to the overcurrent protection fuse, and the first fuse contact member comprises a planar conductive contact having a circular periphery and a pair of protruding keyed ribs extending from the circular periphery;
at least one movable switch contact in the nonconductive switch housing and positionable between open and closed positions to respectively connect or disconnect the electrical connection through the overcurrent protection fuse while the fuse is engaged to the first fuse contact member and the second fuse contact member;
a rotary actuator coupled to the nonconductive switch housing and configured to move the at least one movable switch contact between the opened and closed positions; and
a line-side terminal and a load-side terminal exposed on and accessible from a common one of the plurality of orthogonal sides to establish an electrical connection to an external circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,049,827

SWITCHING DEVICE

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A switching device, comprising:a switching chamber;
a switching element, which can be moved in the switching chamber along a linear movement axis (Z) between an ON position in which the switching element connects fixed contacts to one another, and an OFF position in which the switching element is at a distance from the fixed contacts;
an actuator configured to move the switching element linearly inside the switching chamber;
a spring which prestresses the switching element in a direction of the movement axis (Z); and
a guide configured such that the switching element in the switching chamber is guided along the movement axis (Z) in a linearly movable manner,
wherein the guide forms a tilt protection for the switching element so that if forces are applied to the switching device from outside, the switching element can only tilt to such an extent that it cannot be overtilted in the switching chamber or slip beneath the spring,
wherein the guide includes a guide body arranged between the spring and the switching element,
wherein the switching element is designed in a form of a plate,
wherein the guide is configured such that the switching element is held in the switching chamber along the movement axis (Z) such that a main axis (N) of the switching element, which runs perpendicular to both main extension directions (X, Y) of the switching element, is oriented at least substantially parallel to the movement axis (Z),
wherein the guide body is substantially plate-like and has an external cross-section corresponding at least substantially to an internal cross-section of the switching chamber, and
wherein a plurality of guide elements extend in the direction of the main axis (N) and are arranged on the guide body and protrude on a side of the guide body opposite the switching element.

US Pat. No. 9,989,107

HYDRAULIC FORCE TRANSMITTING ASSEMBLY FOR BRAKES AND CLUTCHES

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A hydraulically operated rotary torque transmitting assembly for use in brakes and clutches comprising:(a) a mounting member;
(b) a plurality of elongated guide members extending from the mounting member in circumferentially spaced arrangement;
(c) at least one annular reaction member received on the mounting members in free sliding engagement;
(d) at least one annular friction disc disposed intermediate the reaction member and the mounting member, the friction disc having interior surfaces configured for engaging a power transmission shaft;
(e) a spring housing secured to the guide members and having one reaction end of a spring set in contact therewith on a surface thereof, wherein the spring housing has a plurality of pistons provided on a surface opposite the spring set;
(f) a plurality of annular spacers disposed over each of the guide members with the length thereof dimensioned to position the spring housing on the guide members, wherein one of the plurality of spacers is radially removable without requiring disassembly and is sized such that upon removal, the spring housing can be adjustably repositioned on the guide members to accommodate axial wear of the friction discs;
(g) a pressure plate slidably guided on the guide members and disposed intermediate the spring housing and the at least one friction disc, wherein each spring set has a reaction end opposite the one reaction end thereof contacting the pressure plate and is operative to urge the pressure plate into frictional engagement with the at least one friction disc;
(h) a cylinder housing spaced from and secured to the pressure plate adjacent the pistons of the spring housing, wherein the cylinder housing has a plurality of bores formed therein, each having one of the pistons slidably received therein, and the cylinder housing has a fluid pressure port communicating with each bore, wherein upon introduction of hydraulic fluid pressure in the fluid pressure port, the pistons cause cylinder housing to move in a direction to overcome the force of the spring sets and move the pressure plate to disengage from the at least one friction disc and, upon release of hydraulic fluid pressure, the spring sets are operative to move the pressure plate into engagement with the at least one friction disc and the at least one friction disc into frictional contact with the mounting member for transmitting torque from the power transmission shaft to the mounting member.

US Pat. No. 10,125,698

ADAPTIVE STATE OF CHARGE REGULATION AND CONTROL OF VARIABLE SPEED HYBRID ELECTRIC SUPERCHARGER ASSEMBLY FOR EFFICIENT VEHICLE OPERATION

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A method for regulating a state or charge of an energy storage device coupled to a motor of a supercharger assembly including a supercharger operably connected to the motor and an internal combustion engine of a vehicle via a planetary gear set including a sun gear coupled with the supercharger, a ring gear coupled with the motor, and a plurality of planet gears coupled with the internal combustion engine, the method comprising:monitoring driving characteristics of the vehicle;
using the driving characteristics to determine a reference state of charge;
comparing the reference state of charge to an actual state of charge of the energy storage device; and
when a difference between the reference state of charge and the actual state of charge indicates a deficit in the charge of the energy storage device, selecting an operating mode to regenerate the energy storage device, wherein energy storage device is regenerated via power transmission through the planetary gear set from the supercharger by driving the ring gear with power generated by the supercharger via the sun gear or from the internal combustion engine by braking the sun gear such that the ring gear is driven with power generated by the internal combustion engine via the planet gears.

US Pat. No. 10,056,214

HEATER APPARATUS, CIRCUIT INTERRUPTER, AND RELATED METHOD

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A method of forming a heater apparatus for use in a circuit interrupter having a thermal trip, the method comprising:bending an individual metallic plate to form a conductive device having a number of plate elements wherein:
at least one plate element of the number of plate elements is a base of the conductive device,
at least another plate element of the number of plate elements is a heater of the conductive device, the heater being thermally conductively connected with at least a portion of the thermal trip, the heater being structured to conduct electricity within the circuit interrupter and to generate resistance heat which is communicated at least in part to the thermal trip, and
at least a further plate element of the number of plate elements is a support of the conductive device, the support extending from the base;
receiving on the support a compression element that is movable toward and away from the base and to compressively retain an electrical conductor between the compression element and the base; and
employing as the plate an individual and generally T-shaped plate-like conductive element having an elongated body and a pair of wings situated at an end of the body, the wings extending in opposite directions away from the end of the body.

US Pat. No. 10,177,515

LUG ASSEMBLIES AND RELATED ELECTRICAL APPARATUS AND METHODS

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

13. An electrical distribution apparatus comprising:an enclosure;
a lug assembly in the enclosure, the lug assembly comprising:
a housing having an interior compartment and an outer wall, the outer wall comprising at least one cable channel;
at least one lug held in the interior compartment of the housing;
a printed circuit board held in the housing;
at least one ground connector attached to the printed circuit board and electrically coupled to the enclosure;
at least one contact connector attached to the printed circuit board and coupled to the at least one lug; and
at least one terminal coupled to the at least one lug and extending out of the housing;
at least one power cable attached to a corresponding one lug of the at least one lug in the housing of the lug assembly; and
a switching device coupled to the at least one terminal, wherein the at least one terminal of the lug assembly provides an electrical path for current from the power cable to the switching device.

US Pat. No. 10,123,391

DIMMER SWITCH AND DIMMER SWITCH SYSTEM WITH SECONDARY SWITCH

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A dimmer switch system electrically connected between a power source and a load, the dimmer switch system comprising:a primary housing including:
a primary switch actuatable by a user;
a processor structured to change a state of a dimmer switch based on actuation of either the primary switch or a secondary switch; and
a secondary switch isolation circuit;
a secondary housing including:
the secondary switch, wherein the secondary switch is actuatable by the user and electrically connected to the power source,
wherein the secondary switch isolation circuit is electrically connected between the secondary switch and the processor, the secondary switch isolation circuit including a transistor electrically coupled between the power source and the processor and being structured to provide impedance between the power source and the processor,
wherein the secondary switch isolation circuit is structured to provide a signal to the processor based on a state of the secondary switch,
wherein the transistor is a bipolar junction transistor including a base, a collector, and an emitter,
wherein the power source is electrically coupled to the base of the transistor; and wherein the processor is electrically coupled to the collector of the transistor, and
wherein the secondary switch isolation circuit includes a diode coupled between the collector of the transistor and the processor.

US Pat. No. 10,090,129

HOUSING ASSEMBLY FOR AN ELECTRICAL SWITCH

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A housing assembly for an electrical switching apparatus, said housing assembly comprising:a base;
a cover; and
only one single coupling member extending through said base and said cover in order to couple said base to said cover,
wherein said base comprises a body portion and at least one latching portion extending outwardly from said body portion; wherein said cover comprises a body portion and at least one latching portion extending outwardly from said body portion of said cover; wherein said at least one latching portion of said base is interlocked with said at least one latching portion of said cover; wherein said at least one latching portion of said cover comprises an extension portion and a hook portion extending from said extension portion; wherein said extension portion extends from said body portion of said cover; wherein at least a portion of said at least one latching portion of said base is disposed between said hook portion and said body portion of said cover; wherein said body portion of said base comprises a peripheral portion and a floor portion disposed generally internal with respect to said peripheral portion; wherein said base further comprises a wall portion extending from said floor portion to proximate said body portion of said cover; wherein said at least one latching portion of said base comprises a ledge extending from said peripheral portion toward said wall portion; and wherein said extension portion of one of said at least one latching portion of said cover is disposed between said wall portion and said ledge.

US Pat. No. 10,044,117

MCCB CURRENT LIMITER LUG ADAPTER

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. An adaptor member assembly for an adaptor assembly, said adaptor assembly including a lug assembly, said lug assembly including a lug body, said lug body including a cable passage, wherein said cable passage has a cross-sectional area corresponding to a cable of a first amperage, said adaptor assembly structured to be coupled to a circuit breaker, said circuit breaker including a housing assembly and a conductor assembly, said housing assembly defining a number of cavities, each said cavity including an associated terminal cavity, said conductor assembly including a number of elongated conductors, each said conductor including an elongated terminal end, each said conductor terminal end disposed in a terminal cavity, each conductor terminal end including a mating surface of a second amperage, wherein each conductor terminal end is a generally planar body with a passage extending between the planar surfaces, said adaptor member assembly comprising:an adaptor body including a passage and a conducting surface;
wherein said passage is structured to be aligned with said conductor terminal end passage and structured to allow a coupling to pass therethrough;
wherein said conducting surface has a surface area corresponding to a conductor terminal end mating surface of a second amperage; and
said adaptor body structured to be coupled to both said lug body and said conductor terminal end.

US Pat. No. 9,983,615

MARINA POWER PEDESTAL SPLITTER CORD AND ELECTRICAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM INCLUDING THE SAME

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A splitter cord for use with a power pedestal including a plurality of receptacles, the splitter cord comprising:a plurality of branch circuits each having a first end including a connector structured to electrically connect to one of the plurality of receptacles, a second end electrically connected to a common node, and a current regulator electrically connected between the first and second ends and being structured to control current flowing through said branch circuit such that current exiting said one receptacle is substantially equal to current entering said one receptacle; and
a stem circuit having a first end including a connector structured to electrically connect to a device or vehicle receptacle and a second end electrically connected to the common node,
wherein a sum of currents flowing through the plurality of branch circuits is equal to current flowing through the stem circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,118,637

LOAD-SENSING SYSTEM

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A load-sense system for controlling operation of an actuator, the load-sense system comprising:an actuator control valve arrangement defining an actuator control orifice having an orifice area that is variable;
a compensator valve arrangement for controlling hydraulic fluid flow to the actuator control orifice to maintain a substantially constant pressure drop across the actuator control orifice, the compensator valve arrangement defining a compensator valve orifice for controlling the hydraulic fluid flow provided to the actuator control orifice, the compensator valve arrangement including a compensator valve member that is movable to vary an orifice area of the compensator valve orifice, the compensator valve arrangement also including a control spring that biases the compensator valve member toward a position where the compensator valve orifice is open;
a pilot pressure line for providing pilot pressure that acts on the compensator valve member in a direction that opposes the control spring, the pilot pressure line being in fluid communication with a control flow line that extends between the compensator valve orifice and the actuator control orifice; and
a load-sense arrangement for applying a load-sense pressure that acts in the compensator valve member in a direction that assists the control spring, the load-sense arrangement being configured transition between a static mode and a dynamic mode at a mode transition position of the compensator valve member.

US Pat. No. 10,119,996

DATA DECIMATION SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR FACILITATING TRANSMISSION AND VIEWING OF WAVEFORMS GENERATED BY AN ELECTRICAL DEVICE

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A method of providing data relating to an electrical device to a client device having a pixel resolution, comprising:receiving raw waveform data generated by a power metering device in response to an event related to operation of the electrical device, the power metering device being coupled to the electrical device in an electrical system and being structured to monitor function of the electrical device, the raw waveform data having a total number of data points and a waveform cycle time associated therewith;
determining whether the raw waveform data should be decimated based on the total number of data points and the pixel resolution;
responsive to determining that the raw waveform data should be decimated, determining a decimation interval using the pixel resolution and the waveform cycle time using the following formula: 1/(the pixel resolution/(the waveform cycle time*2)), and generating decimated waveform data from the raw waveform data using a max-min interval based decimation technique that uses the decimation interval; and
sending the decimated waveform data to the client device.

US Pat. No. 10,051,709

SELECTABLE CONTROL FOR HIGH INTENSITY LED ILLUMINATION SYSTEM TO MAINTAIN CONSTANT COLOR TEMPERATURE ON A LIT SURFACE

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A lighting system, comprising:a plurality of light emitting diode (LED) illumination devices, each of which comprises a first group of LEDs of a first color temperature and a second group of LEDs of a second color temperature;
a plurality of illumination device drivers, wherein each illumination device driver is configured to control a corresponding LED illumination device; and
a sensor comprising a Duv sensor that is configured to measure a Duv value of light received from the devices in a location of an environment that is illuminated by the LED illumination devices;
a wireless transmitter that is connected to the sensor and configured to transmit measurements detected by the sensor; and
a hardware device containing programming instructions that are configured to cause a processor to perform a calibration event by:
detecting when the measured Duv value of the light received by the sensor deviates from a desired value corresponding to a desired color temperature,
in response to detecting that the value of the measured Duv value deviates from the desired value, generating commands to cause the device drivers for each of the LED illumination devices to control the first group of LEDs and the second group of LEDs in its corresponding illumination device so that the desired color temperature of light will be received at the location while maintaining a substantially constant illuminance level at the location, and
when the processor receives measurements from the wireless transmitter indicating that the measured Duv value corresponds to the desired value, storing a record of lighting system parameters for a scene to a data set.

US Pat. No. 9,976,576

HYDRAULIC DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM EMPLOYING A DUAL PUMP

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A hydraulic system comprising:a first fluid circuit;
a first pump fluidly connected to the first fluid circuit, the first pump configured to produce a fluid output at a first flow rate when operated at a selected speed;
a second fluid circuit;
a second pump selectively fluidly connectable to the first fluid circuit and the second fluid circuit, the second pump configured to produce a fluid output at a second flow rate when operated at the selected speed, the second flow rate being greater than the first flow rate of the first pump;
a first valve moveable between a fully open position and a closed position, the first valve operable to fluidly connect the second pump to the second fluid circuit when the first valve is arranged in the fully open position, wherein when the first valve is in the fully open position, then only flow from the second pump passes to the second fluid circuit.

US Pat. No. 9,964,564

SENSOR FOR MEASURING CURRENT IN A CONDUCTOR

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A sensor for measuring current in a conductor, the sensor comprising:a substrate in the form of a stratified plate including a first metallization layer, a second metallization layer, and an isolation layer between the first metallization layer and the second metallization layer;
a voltage measurement capacitor; and
an energy measurer configured to measure energy stored in the voltage measurement capacitor,
wherein the substrate includes a coil that winds along a coil axis parallel to the first metallization layer, including at least one winding,
wherein the at least one winding includes a first track in the first metallization layer connected by a via through the first isolation layer to a second track in the second metallization layer,
wherein the substrate further includes a measurer configured to measure current in the coil,
wherein the at least one winding winds only around non-magnetic material,
wherein the voltage measurement capacitor includes a first metallized area in the first metallization layer and a second metallized area in the second metallization layer,
wherein the first metallized area and the second metallized area sandwich at least a part of the isolation layer between them.

US Pat. No. 9,958,491

GROUND FAULT MONITORING SYSTEM

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A ground fault monitoring system comprising:a plurality of power lines;
a ground fault interface device including a power interface structured to connect to one of the power lines and a wireless receiver structured to receive wirelessly transmitted data, wherein the ground fault interface device is structured to output power via the power interface; and
a plurality of ground fault devices structured to detect a ground fault on an associated circuit and to receive power to operate the ground fault devices via the power lines,
wherein each of the plurality of ground fault devices includes a wireless transmitter structured to output the data of the detected ground fault to the wireless transmitter included in the ground fault interface device,
wherein the plurality of ground fault devices are electrically connected in a series connection with the ground fault interface device by the plurality of power lines,
wherein each of the plurality of ground fault devices is configured to pass through power received via the power lines to a next one of the plurality of ground fault devices in the series connection, and
wherein the associated circuit does not include one or more of the plurality of power lines.

US Pat. No. 10,123,458

ELECTRICAL SWITCH AND MOUNTING ASSEMBLY THEREFOR

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A mounting assembly for an electrical switch, said electrical switch including a heat sink, said mounting assembly comprising:a switching member;
an insulator structured to be disposed between said switching member and said heat sink; and
a separate cover member overlaying said switching member and being structured to secure said switching member and said insulator to said heat sink, said separate cover member comprising a body portion and a plurality of protrusions extending outwardly from said body portion, said plurality of protrusions comprising a first protrusion and a second protrusion,
wherein said switching member is disposed between said first protrusion and said second protrusion,
wherein said plurality of protrusions are structured to extend through said heat sink in order to removably couple said separate cover member and said switching member to said heat sink without requiring a separate fastener to be inserted through said separate cover member,
wherein said switching member extends from proximate said first protrusion to proximate said second protrusion;
wherein said body portion comprises a first end portion and a second end portion disposed opposite and distal the first end portion; wherein at least one of said first protrusion and said second protrusion extends from proximate said first end portion; wherein said plurality of protrusions further comprises a third protrusion extending from proximate said second end portion; wherein said body portion further comprises a first side portion and a second side portion disposed opposite and distal said first side portion; wherein said first side portion and said second side portion extend from said first end portion to said second end portion; wherein said first protrusion extends from said first side portion; wherein said second protrusion extends from said second side portion; and wherein said third protrusion is disposed between said first side portion and said second side portion.

US Pat. No. 10,067,199

ELECTRIC POWER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM INCLUDING METERING FUNCTION AND METHOD OF EVALUATING ENERGY METERING

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. An electric power distribution system for use with an electric power source, said electric power distribution system comprising:a first device exchanging first electric power with said electric power source, said first device being structured to exchange said first electric power with a plurality of second devices and to meter first electric energy corresponding to said first electric power;
said plurality of second devices structured to exchange said first electric power with said first device, each of said second devices being structured to exchange second electric power as at least part of said first electric power with a number of corresponding electric loads and to meter second electric energy corresponding to said second electric power; and
a processor comprising a routine structured to compare the metered first electric energy from said first device with a sum of the metered second electric energy from each of said second devices, and to responsively determine improper operation of said electric power distribution system when the metered first electric energy from said first device less the summed metered second electric energy from each of said second devices is greater than a sum of losses in power conductors operatively associated with said second devices, plus expected errors in metering by each of said first device and said second devices,
wherein said first device is a main circuit breaker, wherein said second devices are a plurality of branch circuit breakers, and wherein said processor is included in said first device, and
wherein said routine is further structured to determine which one of said second devices failed responsive to said determined improper operation.

US Pat. No. 10,050,575

PARTITIONED MOTOR DRIVE APPARATUS FOR SUBSEA APPLICATIONS

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A system comprising:an above-surface control unit comprising:
a variable speed motor control circuit configured to generate at least one switch control signal; and
a first communications circuit configured to transmit the at least one switch control signal over a communications medium; and a sub-surface motor drive unit comprising:
a driver circuit configured to be coupled to and drive an electric motor and comprising at least one semiconductor switch; and
a second communications circuit coupled to the first communications circuit via the communications medium and configured to recover the transmitted at least one switch control signal and to apply the recovered at least one switch control signal to the driver circuit and thereby cause the driver circuit to drive the electric motor.

US Pat. No. 10,024,465

ENERGY HARVESTING CIRCUIT FOR LIFE-SENSING HOSE ASSEMBLY

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A hose monitoring system comprising:a hose assembly including a hose having a first conductive layer and a second conductive layer;
a monitoring circuit in electrical communication with the first and second conductive layers, the monitoring circuit configured to monitor hose degradation of the hose assembly by assessing an electrical characteristic of the hose assembly based on a voltage applied across the first conductive layer and the second conductive layer, the monitoring circuit configured to detect an electrical characteristic of the hose assembly; and
an energy harvesting unit in electrical communication with the monitoring circuit, the energy harvesting unit including one or more energy harvesters for providing electrical energy to the monitoring circuit, the one or more energy harvesters configured to generate electrical energy in response to a physical condition of the hose assembly and comprising at least one of a thermal sensor configured to generate energy in response to a temperature gradient between layers of the hose assembly, an electrostatic energy harvesting unit configured to collect static charges developed in the hose, or a piezoelectric energy harvesting unit configured to generate energy in response to stress applied to a piezo band extending around at least a portion of the hose.

US Pat. No. 9,989,435

ELECTRICALLY CONDUCTIVE POLYMERS AS SENSING MEDIA TO DETECT LEAKS IN AEROSPACE PNEUMATIC DUCTS

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A leak detection system for high-temperature aerospace fluid ducts, comprising:a rigid metal fluid duct;
an electrically conductive polymer disposed around the rigid metal fluid duct, the electrically conductive polymer configured to melt in response to a leak of high-temperature fluid from the rigid metal fluid duct;
a sensor configured to monitor at least one electrical characteristic of the electrically conductive polymer; and
a layer of insulation disposed between the electrically conductive polymer and the rigid metal fluid duct;
wherein the layer of insulation thermally insulates the electrically conductive polymer from the rigid metal fluid duct and the layer of insulation is configured to facilitate flow of high-temperature fluid from the leak to the electrically conductive polymer.

US Pat. No. 9,963,855

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR RECOVERING INERTIAL ENERGY

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A hydraulic system adapted to recover inertial energy, the hydraulic system comprising:a pump;
a variable displacement pump/motor having an input/output shaft adapted for connection to a load;
an accumulator having a charging state and a fully charged state;
at least one pressure relief valve having pressure relief settings, the at least one pressure relief valve being adapted to limit a differential pressure across the variable displacement pump/motor when a set pressure is exceeded;
the variable displacement pump/motor being operable in: a) a first mode where the variable displacement pump/motor is driven by the pump to rotate the input/output shaft and the load; b) a second mode where the variable displacement pump/motor uses inertial energy from a deceleration of the load to charge the accumulator; c) a third mode where the variable displacement pump/motor is driven by the accumulator to rotate the input/output shaft and the load; and d) a fourth mode where the variable displacement pump/motor dumps inertial energy from a deceleration of the load on the at least one pressure relief valve when the accumulator is in the fully charged state;
a controller for controlling operation of the pump and the variable displacement pump/motor, the controller controlling the variable displacement pump/motor to control a torque transferred through the input/output shaft of the variable displacement pump/motor;
an operator interface for inputting a torque control signal to the controller for controlling a direction of rotation of the input/output shaft and for controlling a speed of rotation of the input/output shaft; and
memory storing a control model including a three-dimensional control map that defines a relationship between a value of the torque control signal, a sensed rotational speed of the input/output shaft of the variable displacement pump/motor, and a torque command that establishes an amount of torque to be transferred through the input/output shaft of the variable displacement pump/motor, the controller using the control model to determine the amount of torque to be transferred through the input/output shaft, the three-dimensional control map including a three-dimensional control map surface defined along first, second and third axes that are perpendicular to one another, the first axis corresponding to the torque command, the second axis corresponding to the torque control signal and the third axis corresponding to the sensed rotational speed of the input/output shaft; and
wherein the pressure relief settings of the at least one pressure relief valve define a top horizontal plane of the control map surface and a bottom horizontal plane of the control map surface, wherein the top horizontal plane corresponds to a torque command establishing a maximum clockwise torque, and wherein the bottom horizontal plane corresponds to a torque command establishing a maximum counterclockwise torque.

US Pat. No. 10,206,293

BUCKET ASSEMBLIES WITH ELECTRICALLY GROUNDED FRONT PANELS FOR MOTOR CONTROL CENTERS AND RELATED MOTOR CONTROL CENTERS

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

20. A bucket assembly for a motor control center (MCC) comprising:a unit housing;
retractable power stabs held by the unit housing, wherein the retractable power stabs are configured to be able to extend out of a rear of the unit housing when in an extended position, and the retractable power stabs are configured to be able to retract into the rear of the unit housing when in a retracted position;
a laterally extending shaft attached to the unit housing; and
a panel or a sub-panel coupled to the laterally extending shaft, wherein the panel or the sub-panel comprises plurality of outwardly facing pilot devices,
wherein the panel or the sub-panel includes a front wall that merges into laterally spaced apart inwardly extending right and left sidewalls that are perpendicular to the front wall, wherein the laterally extending shaft and the panel or the sub-panel are metallic, wherein the panel or the sub-panel pivots about the laterally extending shaft between open and closed positions, and wherein, in the closed position, the panel or the sub-panel is vertically oriented and the laterally extending shaft abuts the panel or the sub-panel to define an electrical ground path between the plurality of outwardly facing pilot devices and the laterally extending shaft.

US Pat. No. 10,178,803

THERMOSYPHON COOLING APPARATUS WITH ISOLATION OF COOLED COMPONENTS

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. An apparatus comprising:an enclosure;
a cooling system comprising:
at least three evaporators disposed in the enclosure and having respective surfaces configured for mounting of a power electronic device thereon, the evaporators fluidically coupled in series by respective electrically insulating couplers between adjacent ones of the evaporators;
a condenser positioned in and/or external to the enclosure;
at least two electrically insulating conduits coupling the evaporators and the condenser in a thermosyphon loop; and
a dielectric coolant contained in the thermosyphon loop.

US Pat. No. 10,135,209

BUSWAY STAB ASSEMBLIES AND RELATED SYSTEMS AND METHODS

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A plug-in device for use with a busway system comprising a busway housing defining a longitudinal axis, the plug-in device comprising:a stab base housing having first and second opposite sides, an upper portion, and a lower portion;
one or more stab conductors extending out of and away from the stab base housing at the first side of the stab base housing;
one or more stab conductors extending out of and away from the stab base housing at the second side of the stab base housing; and
a ground conductor extending upwardly from the upper portion of the stab base housing;
wherein the stab base housing is configured to be received through an opening at a bottom portion of the busway housing and positioned in a first position with each stab conductor extending away from the stab base housing in a direction substantially parallel to the longitudinal axis of the busway housing and with the ground conductor contacting a top wall of the busway housing;
wherein the stab base housing is configured to be rotated from the first position to a second position with each stab conductor extending away from the stab base housing in a direction substantially perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the busway housing and with the ground conductor contacting the top wall of the busway housing;
wherein the stab base housing comprises an alignment feature configured to allow rotation of the stab base housing from the first position to the second position in only one rotational direction;
wherein the ground conductor is resilient and configured to translate up and down relative to the stab base housing in response to contact with the top wall of the busway housing.

US Pat. No. 10,135,353

UNIDIRECTIONAL MATRIX CONVERTER WITH REGENERATION SYSTEM

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A matrix converter comprising:a controlled rectifier input stage electrically connected to a power source and configured to convert AC input power from the power source into DC power, wherein the controlled rectifier input stage is configured to be unidirectional;
an inverter output stage electrically connected to a load and configured to convert the DC power into AC output power, the AC output power fed into the load, the inverter output stage including a plurality of unidirectional switch elements and a plurality of diodes; and
a regenerative unit electrically connected to the inverter output stage and configured to control energy generated by the load in a regenerative mode within the inverter output stage, the regenerative unit being directly connected to the plurality of diodes in parallel to enable the energy to be drawn to the inverter output stage through paths defined by at least one of the plurality of diodes and delivered to the regenerative unit and prevent the energy from flowing into the controlled rectifier input stage in the regenerative mode.

US Pat. No. 10,128,062

STRAIN GAUGE PROPORTIONAL PUSH BUTTON

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A transmitter device comprising:a printed circuit board including one or more electrical components thereon; and
a proportional push button comprising:
a flexible membrane;
a dome switch positioned beneath the flexible membrane and attached to the printed circuit board, the dome switch being proximate to the flexible membrane such that depression of the flexible membrane causes the dome switch to snap down and thereby form a closed circuit in the dome switch; and
a strain gauge formed on or applied to the printed circuit board and positioned adjacent the dome switch, the strain gauge generating an electrical output proportional to an amount of deflection of the printed circuit board caused by pressure exerted thereon by depression of the flexible membrane and the dome switch.

US Pat. No. 10,121,582

INTEGRATED INDUCTOR

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. An integrated inductor, comprising:a first winding and a second winding;
a first internal core located inside the first winding and a second internal core located inside the second winding; and
at least one external core comprising a plurality of sub-cores and located outside the first winding and the second winding, the at least one external core, the first internal core and the second internal core forming a magnetic circuit,
wherein at least one sub-core of the plurality of sub-cores has a higher magnetic permeability than at least one other sub-core of the plurality of sub-cores, wherein the at least one sub-core at least partially overlaps end faces of respective ones of the first internal core and the second internal core, and wherein first and second ones of the at least one other sub-core of the plurality of sub-cores are disposed on respective first and second lateral sides of the at least one sub-core which has a higher magnetic permeability.

US Pat. No. 10,116,087

SWITCHING POWER CONNECTOR AND ELECTRICAL CONNECTION ELEMENT WITH SAFETY INTERLOCK

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. An electrical connection element for a power connector, said power connector comprising an electrical component, said electrical connection element comprising:a housing;
a contact assembly enclosed by said housing and being electrically connected to a number of second electrical mating members;
a toggle operating mechanism structured to open and close said contact assembly;
wherein said contact assembly is structured to electrically connect and disconnect power while a number of first electrical mating members remain mechanically coupled to said number of second electrical mating members;
said toggle operating mechanism includes a toggle linkage, said toggle linkage defining a line of action and a toggle line;
said toggle linkage operatively coupled to said contact assembly;
said toggle linkage movable between a first configuration, wherein said contact assembly is open, and a second configuration wherein said contact assembly is closed; and
wherein when said toggle linkage line of action is on a first side of said toggle line, said toggle linkage is biased toward said toggle linkage first configuration, when said toggle linkage line of action is on a second side of said toggle line, said toggle linkage is biased toward said toggle linkage second configuration, and when said toggle linkage line of action moves from one side of said toggle line in a direction to be aligned with said toggle line, said toggle linkage line of action continues to move in the same direction until said toggle linkage line of action is on the other side of said toggle line.

US Pat. No. 10,115,657

DIELECTRIC HEAT PATH DEVICES, AND SYSTEMS AND METHODS USING THE SAME

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

3. A heat path device comprising:a first structure formed of a first thermally conductive material and including a first end and a second end;
a second structure formed of a second thermally conductive material and including a first end and a second end;
a third structure formed of a first dielectric material and including a first end and a second end;
wherein the first end of the third structure is mechanically coupled and thermally coupled at the first end of the first structure,
wherein the second end of the third structure is mechanically coupled and thermally coupled at a first end of the second structure;
wherein the second end of the first structure comprises at least one opening, and wherein the second end of the second structure comprises at least one opening; and
wherein the first structure and the second structure are located on a first plane, and wherein the third structure is located on a second plane such that:
the first end of the third structure overlaps the first end of the first structure; and
the second end of the third structure overlaps the first end of the second structure.

US Pat. No. 10,070,402

ADAPTIVE, PREDICTIVE SYNCHRONIZATION FOR REDUCING CONNECTION ESTABLISHMENT DELAYS IN AD-HOC FREQUENCY HOPPING SPREAD SPECTRUM NETWORKS

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A method for performing a predictive frequency search in an ad-hoc multi-hop wireless networks, the method comprising:entering into a predictive frequency search mode on an initiating node;
deriving a plurality of predicted frequencies for a target node by using synchronization information including at least both an internal time and a frequency hopping velocity received from the target node at an earlier time to predict which frequency the target node is expected to be on;
selecting, for the target node, one predicted frequency from the plurality of predicted frequencies to send a synchronization request on;
transmitting the synchronization request to the target node from the initiating node on the selected predicted frequency;
determining whether the transmitted synchronization request is a last synchronization request to be sent from the initiating node to the target node in the predictive frequency search mode; and
repeating, if the transmitted synchronization request is not the last synchronization request, selecting, transmitting, and determining within a new predicted frequency from the plurality of predicted frequencies until the transmitted synchronization request is the last synchronization request.

US Pat. No. 10,069,266

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR HAVING AN ELECTRICALLY INSULATING HOUSING WITH A GROOVE THAT RECEIVES A PROJECTION

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. An electrical connector comprising:an insulating housing comprising an inner wall, a first end, and a second end, the inner wall of the insulating housing defining a cavity and a groove, the groove comprising a groove wall, the groove wall extending from the cavity radially in more than one direction into the insulating housing to a groove depth, the insulating housing comprising a material configured to expand and contract, wherein the cavity comprises a first cavity portion that extends along a first direction, and a second cavity portion that extends along a second direction;
an electrical component in the cavity;
a semiconductive insert in the cavity between the first cavity portion and the second cavity portion;
a connection junction electrically connected to the electrical component, wherein the semiconductive insert and the connection junction are directly connected by an adhesive bond to fluidly seal the first cavity portion from the second cavity portion;
an electrically conductive shell at an outer surface of the insulating housing, the electrically conductive shell comprising a conductive elastomeric material; and
a plug in the insulating housing, the plug comprising a body and projection that radially extends outward from the body in more than one direction, the projection being received in the groove, wherein
the groove wall applies more than 35 pounds (lbs) of force on the projection of the plug in a direction that is toward the electrical component,
the groove wall comprises a radially extending portion of the inner wall of the insulating housing,
the radially extending portion of the inner wall of the insulating housing makes physical contact with the projection of the plug and applies the force to the projection of the plug, and
the direction toward the electrical component comprises an axial direction.

US Pat. No. 10,062,527

TRANSFER SWITCHES WITH DUAL MECHANISM CONTROL AND RELATED ASSEMBLIES AND METHODS

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A contactor assembly for a transfer switch, the contactor assembly comprising:a housing;
first and second electromechanical operating mechanisms in the housing;
a first contact assembly in the housing and adjacent the first operating mechanism, wherein the first operating mechanism is configured to change the first contact assembly from an open state to a closed state;
a second contact assembly in the housing and adjacent the second operating mechanism, wherein the second operating mechanism is configured to change the second contact assembly from an open state to a closed state; and
a mechanical central control system in the housing and coupled to each of the first and second operating mechanisms, the central control system configured to be manually actuated (i) in a first way to cause the first operating mechanism to change the first contact assembly to the closed state and to lock the second contact assembly in the open state and (ii) in a second way to cause the second operating mechanism to change the second contact assembly to the closed state and to lock the first contact assembly in the open state, wherein:
the central control system comprises a lever having first and second opposite ends;
the central control system is configured to be manually actuated in the first way by pressing the first end of the lever; and
the central control system is configured to be manually actuated in the second way by pressing the second end of the lever.

US Pat. No. 10,056,216

GROUND FAULT TRIP ASSEMBLY

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A trip bar cam unit for a trip bar, said trip bar for a circuit breaker, said trip bar including an elongated body, said trip bar body including a first axial surface, defining a number of cam surfaces and an axis of rotation, said trip bar body first axial surface defining a keyed bore, said trip bar body structured to rotate between a number of positions including a first position and a second position, said circuit breaker including a housing assembly, a conductor assembly, a trip assembly, and an operating mechanism, said housing assembly defining an enclosed space, said conductor assembly substantially disposed within said housing assembly enclosed space, said conductor assembly including a movable contact bus assembly, a number of pairs of separable contacts, and a fixed contact bus assembly, each pair of separable contacts including a fixed contact and a movable contact, wherein each said movable contact moves between a first position, wherein said movable contact is spaced from, and not in electrical communication with, an associated fixed contact, and a second position, wherein said movable contact is coupled to, and in electrical communication with, an associated fixed contact, said trip assembly including said trip bar, a Ground Fault (GF) solenoid, and an over-current detection assembly, said GF solenoid including a plunger structured to move between an extended, first position and a retracted, second position, said GF solenoid plunger including an engagement end, said over-current detection assembly operatively coupled to said trip bar, said operating mechanism operatively coupled to each said pair of contacts and structured to move each said pair of contacts between said first and second positions, said trip bar operatively coupled to said operating mechanism and structured to cause said operating mechanism to move each said pair of contacts from said second position to said first position, said trip bar cam unit comprising:a trip bar cam unit body defining an axis of rotation, said trip bar cam unit body including a cam lever and a keyed protrusion;
said cam lever extending generally radially from said trip bar cam unit body;
said keyed protrusion corresponding to said trip bar keyed bore;
said cam lever includes an engagement surface; and
said trip bar cam unit body is structured to be coupled to said trip bar so that said cam lever engagement surface is disposed an effective distance from said GF solenoid plunger engagement end when said trip bar is in said second position.

US Pat. No. 10,041,450

VALVE ASSEMBLY FOR A TANK OF A VEHICLE

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A valve assembly comprising:a valve body including a seat, with the seat defining an outlet;
a float disposed inside the valve body and movable between a first position and a second position relative to the valve body;
a support coupled to the float and movable with the float between the first and second positions; and
a sealing member attached to the support and having a base abutting the support, with the sealing member having an engagement portion supported by the base to define a space contained between the base, the engagement portion and the support to allow movement of the engagement portion between an initial position when the float is in the first position and a displaced position when the float is in the second position, with the engagement portion spaced from the seat when in the initial position, and with the engagement portion engaging the seat when in the displaced position such that the space decreases in size and the engagement portion deforms about the seat to cover the outlet;
wherein the float includes an attachment member, and wherein the support includes a coupler engaging the attachment member;
wherein the support has a first side and a second side opposing the first side, with the base abutting one of the first and second sides of the support;
wherein the support defines a first hole through the first and second sides such that the space is in fluid communication with inside of the valve body to equalize pressure between the space and the inside of the valve body when the engagement portion moves between the initial and displaced positions.

US Pat. No. 10,043,626

ELECTRICAL SWITCHING APPARATUS ASSEMBLY, AND MODULE ASSEMBLY AND OPERATING METHOD THEREFOR

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A module assembly for an electrical switching apparatus assembly, said electrical switching apparatus assembly comprising an electrical switching apparatus having a housing, a pair of separable contacts disposed internal with respect to said housing, and a shunt trip device for tripping open said pair of separable contacts, said module assembly comprising:a mounting member mounted to said housing; and
an IOT module coupled to said mounting member,
wherein said IOT module is electrically connected to said shunt trip device in order to trip open said pair of separable contacts; wherein said mounting member comprises a floor portion and a wall portion extending from said floor portion; and wherein said IOT module is disposed internal with respect to said wall portion.

US Pat. No. 9,976,624

DAMPER AND PRE-DAMPER ASSEMBLY

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A clutch assembly comprising:a hub;
a damper attached to the hub, the damper including first and second side plates disposed on opposite axial sides of a pair of friction plates having friction linings, wherein the first and second side plates and the friction plates are operatively connected by a plurality of damper springs for damping between the first and second side plates and the pair of friction plates; and
a pre-damper attached to the hub adjacent the damper and attached to the hub, the pre-damper comprising an intermediate plate, a first pre-damper side plate disposed on a first axial side of the intermediate plate, and a second pre-damper side plate disposed on an opposite axial side of the intermediate plate,
wherein the first pre-damper side plate and the second pre-damper side plate are operatively connected by a plurality of pre-damper springs,
wherein the first pre-damper side plate is adjacent the damper,
wherein the second pre-damper side plate comprises a lug that extends radially outwardly and axially across the intermediate plate and across the first pre-damper side plate toward the first side plate that is adjacent the pre-damper,
wherein the first side plate of the damper defines a notch, and
wherein the lug is received in the notch defined by the first side plate of the damper and the notch prevents relative rotation between the first side plate of the damper and the pre-damper.

US Pat. No. 10,299,321

MULTI-CHANNEL WHITE LIGHT TUNING

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A driver of a lighting fixture, the driver comprising:a power circuitry configured to provide:
a first direct-current (DC) current over a first electrical connection to a first string of light emitting diodes (LEDs) of a light source that emit a first white light having a first correlated color temperature (CCT);
a second DC current over a second electrical connection to a second string of LEDs of the light source that emit a second white light having a second CCT; and
a third DC current over a third electrical connection to a third string of LEDs of the light source that emit a third white light having a third CCT; and
a controller that controls the power circuitry to change an amount of the first DC current, an amount of the second DC current, and an amount of the third DC current to adjust a CCT of an output light provided by the light source, wherein the output light includes two white lights from among the first white light, the second white light, and the third white light, wherein the controller is configured to control the power circuitry such that, when the driver is set to a first CCT value, the first DC current is off and the third DC current is on and when the driver is set to a second CCT value, the third DC current is off and the first DC current is on resulting in the CCT of the output light being closer to the black-body curve compared to a CCT of a combined light that is a combination of the first white light and the third white light when the driver is set to the first CCT value or the second CCT value and both the first DC current and the third DC current are on, wherein the first CCT is warmer than the second CCT, wherein the second CCT is warmer than the third CCT, and wherein the first DC current, the second DC current, and the third DC current are adjustable independent of each other, wherein the driver controls the power circuitry to change the amount of the first DC current, the amount of the second DC current, and the amount of the third DC current based on a CCT setting input received by the driver from a 0-10V user control unit, wherein the controller is configured to monitor the amount of the first DC current, the amount of the second DC current, and the amount of the third DC current.

US Pat. No. 10,194,513

LIGHT FIXTURE AS AN ACCESS POINT IN A COMMUNICATION NETWORK

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A lighting system, comprising:a plurality of light fixture components used in an operation of a plurality of light fixtures; and
at least one controller that controls and communicates with the plurality of light fixture components,
wherein the at least one controller, subsequent to initial operation of the plurality of light fixtures, is further communicably coupled with a first independent component, wherein the first independent component is unassociated with the operation of the plurality of light fixtures, wherein a first communication transmitted between the at least one controller and the first independent component comprises information that is unassociated with the operation of the plurality of light fixtures,
wherein the first independent component, when introduced, is unknown to the at least one controller, and
wherein the first independent component, after being introduced, is known to the at least one controller.

US Pat. No. 10,153,123

COMPACT DUAL ELEMENT FUSE UNIT, MODULE AND FUSIBLE DISCONNECT SWITCH

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

8. A fusible disconnect switch assembly comprising:a switch housing having a receptacle; and
a time-delay fuse module removably insertable into the receptacle, wherein the time-delay fuse module includes a fuse housing, and a plurality of multi-layer fuse elements electrically connected in parallel within the fuse housing,
wherein the time-delay fuse module has an ampacity rating of greater than 100 A.

US Pat. No. 10,125,907

DOUBLE HINGE FLEX JOINT

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A fluid conduit joint, comprising:a tube seal including a first bubble portion and a second bubble portion;
a first tube adapter;
a second tube adapter;
a cover;
a first bearing sleeve disposed between the first tube adapter and the first bubble portion;
a first hinge connecting the first tube adapter to the cover; and
a second hinge connecting the second tube adapter to the cover;
wherein the first hinge and the second hinge are axially spaced from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,100,911

MODULAR CROSS SHAFT YOKE

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A mounting system for a differential, comprising:a cross shaft comprising:
a long axis;
a passageway through the cross shaft perpendicular to the long axis, the passageway comprising a first hole and a second hole; and
a recess comprising a planar wall proximal to the first hole;
a first stub shaft comprising a long axis parallel to a central axis of the first hole, the first stub shaft comprising an internal first groove and a planar surface in contact with the planar wall;
a second stub shaft comprising a long axis parallel to a central axis of the second hole;
a yoke in the passageway comprising a first portion extending in to the first stub shaft and a second portion extending in to the second stub shaft, wherein the first portion comprises a first notch; and
a first bang ring in the first notch of the yoke,
wherein the first bang ring seats in the first groove.

US Pat. No. 10,102,733

CIRCUIT INTERRUPTER WITH AUDIBLE INDICATOR CIRCUIT

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A circuit interrupter comprising:a line conductor;
a neutral conductor;
separable contacts structured to open to interrupt current flowing through the line and neutral conductors;
a circuit interrupter circuit structured to detect a fault based on current flowing through the line and neutral conductors and to output a trip signal in response to detecting the fault;
a trip circuit structured to trip open the separable contacts in response to the trip signal;
an audible indicator circuit structured to output an audible sound in response to the trip circuit tripping open the separable contacts; and
a visual indicator circuit structured to output a visual indication in response to the trip circuit tripping open the separable contacts, the visual indicator circuit being electrically connected in series with the audible indicator circuit and including a diode and a light emitting diode (LED) electrically connected in series, and
wherein the audible indicator circuit includes a buzzer structured to output the audible sound in response to current being passed through it, a zener diode, a capacitor and a switch, and
wherein the buzzer, the zener diode, the capacitor and the switch are electrically connected in parallel with each other.

US Pat. No. 10,068,720

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM, AND ELECTRICAL SWITCHING APPARATUS AND GUARD MEMBER THEREFOR

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. An electrical system comprising:a plurality of electrical conductors; and
an electrical switching apparatus structured to move from a CLOSED position to an OPEN position in response to a trip condition, said electrical switching apparatus comprising:
a plurality of terminal ends each coupled to a corresponding one of said electrical conductors, and
a plurality of guard members each comprising:
a body comprising:
a receiving portion receiving said corresponding one of said electrical conductors, and
a coupling portion extending from said receiving portion and being coupled to a corresponding one of said terminal ends,
wherein each corresponding coupling portion has a number of thru holes in order to dissipate heat generated by said electrical switching apparatus moving from the CLOSED position to the OPEN position;
wherein said corresponding coupling portion comprises a wall portion having a plurality of thru holes; wherein said receiving portion comprises a base portion extending from the wall portion; wherein said base portion comprises a first end portion and a second end portion each disposed opposite the wall portion; wherein the first end portion is spaced from the second end portion; wherein said corresponding coupling portion further comprises at least one pair of flexible arms each extending from said wall portion; wherein said at least one pair of flexible arms comprises a first flexible arm and a second flexible arm; wherein said first flexible arm comprises an extension portion and a tab portion; wherein said extension portion extends from said wall portion and is disposed parallel to said second flexible arm; wherein said tab portion extends from said extension portion away from said second flexible arm and is disposed perpendicular to said second flexible arm; wherein said receiving portion further comprises a first side portion, a second side portion opposite and spaced from said first side portion, a first barrier portion extending from said first side portion to said second side portion, a second barrier portion spaced from said first barrier portion, and a number of connecting portions each spaced from one another and extending from said second barrier portion to at least one of said first side portion, said second side portion, and said first barrier portion.

US Pat. No. 10,042,001

TESTING APPARATUS USABLE WITH CIRCUIT INTERRUPTION APPARATUS

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A testing apparatus that is structured to perform a number of operations on a circuit interruption apparatus, the testing apparatus comprising:an enclosure having an interior region and comprising a number of walls that are situated adjacent the interior region, the enclosure being structured to removably receive the circuit interruption apparatus therein, the walls being structured to substantially enclose the circuit interruption apparatus within the interior region;
a connection apparatus comprising a set of primary connectors mounted to the enclosure and situated generally within the interior region, the set of primary connectors being structured to automatically become electrically connected with a corresponding set of line and load electrical connectors of the circuit interruption apparatus when the circuit interruption apparatus is received in the interior region;
a measurement apparatus comprising at least a first instrument and a plurality of leads, the at least first instrument comprising a power component and a measurement component, at least the power component and the plurality of leads being enclosed within the interior region, the plurality of leads comprising a set of power leads and a set of measurement leads, the set of power leads being electrically connected with the set of primary connectors and with the power component, the set of measurement leads being electrically connected with the set of primary connectors and with the measurement component, the measurement apparatus being structured to perform a testing operation on the circuit interruption apparatus wherein the power component applies electricity to the circuit interruption apparatus and wherein the measurement component measures an electrical property of the circuit interruption apparatus when the electricity is being applied thereto; and
an output apparatus connected with the measurement apparatus and comprising at least a first output device that is structured to generate an output that is representative of a result of the testing operation.

US Pat. No. 10,041,497

PRESSURE COMPENSATION CONTROL OF A FIXED DISPLACEMENT PUMP IN A PUMPING AND METERING SYSTEM AND ASSOCIATED METHOD

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A fuel system comprising:a pump unit that supplies pressurized flow, the pump unit includes a first pump that communicates with an inlet of a second pump, at least one of the first and second pumps being a fixed displacement pump;
a fuel control assembly receiving flow from the pump unit, the fuel control assembly including at least one metering valve and at least one throttling valve receiving flow from the metering valve; and
a control for the fixed displacement pump including a bypass valve that selectively alters operation of the fixed displacement pump in response to a pressure differential across the throttling valve.

US Pat. No. 10,038,324

METHODS, CIRCUITS AND ARTICLES OF MANUFACTURE FOR CONTROLLING WIRELESS POWER TRANSFER RESPONSIVE TO CONTROLLER CIRCUIT STATES

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A method of operating a wireless power transfer circuit to provide a wireless power transfer, the wireless power transfer circuit including a transmitter portion comprising an input port configured to couple to a power source, an ac excitation circuit having a port coupled to the input port, a resonant circuit coupled to the ac excitation circuit, and a controller circuit configured to operate the ac excitation circuit, the method comprising:inductively transferring power from the resonant circuit;
changing an operating frequency of the ac excitation circuit and a configuration of the resonant circuit responsive a change in indicated efficiency of the wireless power transfer; and
transmitting an indication to change a configuration of a resonant circuit included in a receiver portion of the wireless power transfer circuit by adding or removing components to/from the configuration, based on the indicated efficiency of the wireless power transfer.

US Pat. No. 9,978,508

HIGH CURRENT SWING-TYPE INDUCTOR AND METHODS OF FABRICATION

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. An electromagnetic component assembly comprising:a first shaped magnetic core piece;
a second shaped magnetic core piece differently shaped from the first magnetic core piece; and
a pre-fabricated conductive winding including a main winding section and first and second surface mount terminal sections,
wherein the first shaped magnetic core piece is configured to slidably receive the pre-fabricated winding with the main winding section extended on a first side of the first shaped core piece and the surface mount terminal sections extending on a second side of the first shaped core piece opposite the first side;
wherein the second shaped magnetic core piece defines a second side overlying the first side of the first shaped core piece, the second side including a channel in which the main winding section is received and extended in the channel; and
wherein the second side of the second shaped magnetic core piece further includes a stepped surface adjacent the channel, the stepped surface configured to establish a non-uniform gap between the first side of the first shaped magnetic core piece and the second side of the second shaped magnetic core piece.

US Pat. No. 10,164,415

JUNCTION BOX OF A RECESSED LUMINAIRE FOR INSTALLATION IN SHALLOW SPACES

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A junction box comprising:a main body comprising a top wall, a base wall, a pair of junction box side walls and a chamfer wall, the main body defining a first open side and a second open side;
a wire trap disposed on the chamfer wall, the wire trap to receive and pass an electrical wiring cable therethrough; and
a cover plate that comprises:
a cover plate side wall and a component mounting wall that receives an electrical component and that extends inwardly and substantially perpendicular from the cover plate side wall into an inner cavity defined by the main body,
wherein the cover plate is removably coupled to the main body of the junction box and, when the cover plate is in the closed position, the cover plate covers the first open side.

US Pat. No. 10,134,343

CONFIGURABLE LIGHTING SYSTEM

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A luminaire comprising:a housing comprising at least one outer surface that forms a cavity;
an aperture that traverses the at least one outer surface of the housing;
a substrate disposed within the cavity;
an electrical connector disposed on the substrate adjacent to the aperture; and
a dial coupled to the electrical connector, wherein dial has a range of positions, wherein each position within the range of positions of the dial corresponds to a discrete correlated color temperature (CCT) output by a plurality of light sources of the luminaire.

US Pat. No. 10,116,144

WIRELESS POWER TRANSFER APPARATUS USING ENCLOSURES WITH ENHANCED MAGNETIC FEATURES AND METHODS OF FABRICATING THE SAME

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. An apparatus comprising:an enclosure configured to be installed in an equipment rack and comprising a wall;
a coil assembly in the enclosure and comprising a magnetic core and a coil disposed on the magnetic core, the magnetic core positioned adjacent the wall such that a main flux path in the magnetic core is through at least one portion of the wall having a magnetic permeability greater than air, wherein the at least one portion of the wall comprises a region with a first magnetic permeability embedded in another component of the wall having a second magnetic permeability, and wherein the magnetic core is positioned adjacent the region such that the main flux path is directed through the region; and
a wireless power receiver circuit in the enclosure, coupled to the coil and configured to be connected to at least one power bus in the equipment rack.

US Pat. No. 10,103,572

UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS AND METHODS USING INTERCONNECTED POWER ROUTING UNITS

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A system comprising:a plurality of power routing units, each comprising:
a first AC port;
a second AC port;
a static switch configured to couple and decouple the first AC port and the second AC port;
a DC port; and
a bidirectional converter circuit coupled between the second AC port and the DC port, wherein the DC ports of the power routing units are coupled in common to a DC bus; and
a control circuit configured to detect a status of one the power routing units and to provide power transfer to the bidirectional converter circuit of the one of the power routing units from the bidirectional converter circuit of another one of the power routing units via the DC bus responsive to detection of the status,
wherein the control circuit comprises:
respective local control circuits in respective ones of the power routing units; and
a master controller configured to control the local control circuits of the power routing units.

US Pat. No. 10,096,978

MOUNTABLE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

16. A system for an electrical power distribution network, the system comprising:a plurality of electrical apparatuses, each comprising a mechanical connection and at least one electrical connector; and
a single-piece unitary support configured to receive and hold the plurality of electrical apparatuses, the support comprising:
a frame comprising a plurality of mechanical interfaces, each of the mechanical interfaces configured to receive and hold the mechanical connection of one of the plurality of electrical apparatuses;
a cover extending from a side of the frame; and
a panel integrated with the frame, the panel comprising a plurality of electrical interfaces, each of the plurality of electrical interfaces configured to couple to the at least one electrical connector of one of the electrical apparatuses, the cover positioned over the panel.

US Pat. No. 10,096,991

NETWORK PROTECTOR CONTROL FOR SPOT NETWORK FED FROM FEEDER SOURCES HAVING VOLTAGE DIFFERENCES

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A network protector for a spot network having a first feeder branch and a second feeder branch, comprising:a circuit breaker; and
a network protector relay coupled to the circuit breaker, wherein the network protector relay is structured and configured to have network protector relay non-sensitive trip settings for controlling operation of the circuit breaker that will cause the network protector to remain closed when: (i) an angular difference (±) between a transformer phase-to-neutral voltage of the first feeder branch and a transformer phase-to-neutral voltage of the second feeder branch is less than or equal to a first threshold value, and (ii) a magnitude difference (±) between the transformer phase-to-neutral voltage of the first feeder branch and the transformer phase-to-neutral voltage of the second feeder branch is less than or equal to a second threshold value.

US Pat. No. 10,088,546

METHOD AND APPARATUS TO DIAGNOSE CURRENT SENSOR POLARITIES AND PHASE ASSOCIATIONS FOR A THREE-PHASE ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEM

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A system for a three-phase electric power system having three phases, said system comprising:a plurality of voltage sensors structured to sense three-phase voltages of said three-phase electric power system;
a plurality of current sensors structured to sense three-phase currents of said three-phase electric power system;
a number of analog-to-digital converters structured to convert the sensed three-phase voltages and the sensed three-phase currents of said three-phase electric power system to corresponding digital values; and
a processor configured and programmed to calculate from the corresponding digital values at least two phase angles between voltage and current for at least two of said three phases of said three-phase electric power system, determine a configuration for at least two of said plurality of current sensors based on, for each of said at least two of said plurality of current sensors, a predetermined wiring configuration of said three-phase electric power system and a corresponding one of the at least two phase angles being within a corresponding predetermined angular range, wherein the configuration for each of the at least two of said plurality of current sensors indicates a polarity for each of the at least two of said plurality of current sensors and a phase of the three-phase electric power system with which each of the at least two of said plurality of current sensors is associated, and output the determined configuration for each of the at least two of said plurality of current sensors.

US Pat. No. 10,088,080

COLLAPSE RESISTANT HOSE AND THE MANUFACTURE OF THE SAME

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

12. A collapse resistant hose arrangement comprising:a flexible conduit having a structured or textured outer surface;
a core tube disposed around the flexible conduit and structured so that the core tube does not catch on the outer surface of the flexible conduit during axial movement of the core tube relative to the flexible conduit, the core tube having a first layer and a second layer, each of the first and second layers being formed of the same material, wherein an inner surface of the second layer directly contacts an outer surface of the first layer;
reinforcing arrangement disposed around the core tube, the reinforcing arrangement including at least one layer of reinforcing fibers; and
an outer sheath disposed about the reinforcing arrangement.

US Pat. No. 10,082,814

METHOD OF OPERATING AN ELECTRICAL FEEDER

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A method of operating an electrical feeder on which the voltage is to be maintained between a maximum voltage and a minimum voltage, the electrical feeder having electrically connected therewith a number of first devices which are operable to control the voltage on the electrical feeder, a number of second devices which generate varying amounts of electrical power that is contributed at least in part to the electrical feeder, and a number of third devices which are electrical loads, the electrical feeder further having electrically connected therewith a control apparatus that is in communication with at least some of at least one of the number of first devices, the number of second devices, and the number of third devices, the method comprising:grouping a second device of the number of second devices with one or more third devices of the number of third devices;
operating the control apparatus to cause at least one first device of the number of first devices to maintain the voltage on the electrical feeder at the minimum voltage;
responsive to a decrease or an increase in the amount of electrical power that is being generated by the second device, operating the control apparatus to correspondingly decreasing or increasing, respectively, the consumption of electrical power by the one or more third devices by performing a number of operations that comprise at least one of:
adjusting an operating parameter of at least one third device of the one or more third devices to correspondingly decrease or increase, respectively, its power consumption, and
further grouping the second device with at least one other third device of the number of third devices or ungrouping the second device from at least one third device of the one or more third devices to correspondingly adjust the aggregate power consumption of the third devices with which the second device is grouped.

US Pat. No. 10,069,283

SWITCHBOARD FOR POWER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A switchboard for a power distribution system comprising a number of electrical lines, said switchboard comprising:an enclosure assembly comprising a chassis;
a switching assembly comprising a plurality of circuit breakers each coupled to said chassis and comprising a number of terminal lugs structured to be electrically connected to a corresponding one of said electrical lines, said plurality of circuit breakers comprising a main circuit breaker and a plurality of branch circuit breakers electrically connected to said main circuit breaker; and
an isolating assembly comprising a barrier member coupled to said chassis, said barrier member comprising a first wall, a second wall, and a third wall extending between said first wall and said second wall,
wherein said number of terminal lugs of said main circuit breaker are disposed between said first wall and said second wall.

US Pat. No. 10,048,123

ELECTRONIC DEVICE INCLUDING LIGHT DETECTION CIRCUIT

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. An electronic device comprising:a component; and
a light circuit including a light emitting diode and being structured to have a first mode to generate light with the light emitting diode and a second mode to detect light with the light emitting diode;
a function selection circuit structured to control the light circuit to operate in the first mode or the second mode; and
a light control circuit structured to drive the light circuit to generate light with the light emitting diode when operating in the first mode,
wherein the light circuit is structured to output a detection signal in response to detecting light when operating in the second mode, and
wherein the detection signal is used to wake up or communicate with the component.

US Pat. No. 10,050,436

PROTECTION DEVICE FOR AN ELECTRICAL POWER SYSTEM

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A protection device for connection to a power bus of a direct current (DC) electrical power system, the protection device comprising:a bidirectional clamping apparatus configured to conduct current when a voltage across the bidirectional clamping apparatus is more positive than a positive voltage standoff and when the voltage across the bidirectional clamping apparatus is more negative than a negative voltage standoff;
a switch in series with the bidirectional clamping apparatus, the switch configured to receive a trigger signal from an electrical network and to change states based on receiving the trigger signal; and
a first control element configured to conduct current in two directions, the first control element in series with the bidirectional clamping apparatus and in parallel with the switch, the first control element not configured to receive a trigger signal from the electrical network such that the first control element in series with the bidirectional clamping apparatus is able to provide a current path across the power bus when the switch is in any state, wherein
both of (i) the switch and (ii) the first control element with the bidirectional clamping apparatus are configured to provide a current path across the power bus when a magnitude of a voltage on the power bus exceeds a positive voltage threshold, the positive voltage threshold being greater than the positive voltage standoff of the protection device, and
the first control element with the bidirectional clamping apparatus is configured to provide a current path across the power bus when a magnitude of a voltage on the power bus exceeds a negative voltage threshold, the negative voltage threshold being more negative than the negative voltage standoff of the bidirectional clamping apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,049,836

ELECTRICAL ENCLOSURE, AND SWITCHING ASSEMBLY AND TRANSFER ASSEMBLY THEREFOR

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A transfer assembly for a switching assembly of an electrical enclosure, said switching assembly comprising an electrical switching apparatus, a shaft, and a handle member coupled to said shaft, said electrical switching apparatus being structured to move between an ON position and an OFF position, said transfer assembly comprising:a body structured to be coupled to said electrical switching apparatus; and
a cam assembly structured to move between a FIRST position and a SECOND position, said cam assembly comprising:
a rotary member coupled to said body and structured to be coupled to said shaft, and
a driving member cooperable with said rotary member,
wherein, when said cam assembly moves between the FIRST position and the SECOND position, said driving member drives said electrical switching apparatus between the ON position and the OFF position; wherein, when said cam assembly moves between the FIRST position and the SECOND position, said driving member slides within said body; wherein said body comprises a first wall, a second wall, a third wall connecting the first wall to the second wall, and a guide rail portion extending from the second wall toward the first wall; wherein said driving member comprises a center portion and a grooved portion extending from the center portion; and wherein, when said cam assembly moves between the FIRST position and the SECOND position, the grooved portion slides on the guide rail portion.

US Pat. No. 9,976,615

FLOATING HOUSING FORCE TRANSMITTING ASSEMBLY

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A force transmitting assembly, comprising:a mounting flange having a central opening to receive a shaft, wherein the mounting flange is mountable on a frame;
a rotor disc constructed for mounting on the shaft and for rotation with the shaft, the rotor disc having a first planar face and a second planar face;
a float plate having a first friction surface engageable with the first planar face;
a pressure plate having a second friction surface engageable with the second planar face;
a spring housing;
a cylinder coupled to the spring housing, the cylinder and the spring housing forming a fluid pressure chamber, wherein the spring housing acts as a piston, wherein the spring housing moves in a first direction when pressurized fluid enters the fluid pressure chamber and the spring housing moves in a second direction when pressurized fluid exits the fluid pressure chamber;
a plurality of first studs arranged in a circular array attached to the mounting flange;
a plurality of tube subassemblies, each of the tube subassemblies disposed on each of the first studs to allow axial movement of at least one of the float plate, the pressure plate, and the spring housing, each of the plurality of tube subassemblies comprises a guide tube, said guide tube being disposed within a second sliding hollow stud with a portion of said second sliding hollow stud being disposed within a spacer clamp tube;
a plurality of release springs disposed on each of the tube subassemblies;
a plurality of first fasteners disposed at one end on each of the first studs; and
a plurality of second fasteners disposed on each of the tube subassemblies spaced from the first fastener on each of the first studs, wherein each of the release springs is disposed between each of the first fasteners on the first studs and each of the second fasteners on the tube subassemblies.

US Pat. No. 10,186,393

SURGE PROTECTOR SWITCH DISCONNECT MODULES AND DEVICES

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A surge protection device comprising:a surge protection module comprising a nonconductive housing including a plurality of side surfaces, first and second terminal blades extending from the nonconductive housing from the same one of the plurality of side surfaces, and a varistor element connected to one of the first and second terminal blades inside the nonconductive housing; and
a switch base separately provided from the surge protection module, the switch base comprising a receptacle configured to receive at least a portion of the nonconductive housing of the surge protection module, first and second terminal elements establishing electrical connection to the terminal blades of the surge protection module via plug-in connection, and dual switch contacts selectively positionable between an opened position and a closed position to disconnect or connect the first and second terminal elements.

US Pat. No. 10,182,485

LENS STRUCTURE FOR HIGH INTENSITY LED FIXTURE

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A light fixture comprising:a light emitting diode (LED) structure comprising a plurality of LEDs that are connected to a supporting substrate;
a lens cover comprising a plurality of lenses, each positioned to be located over one of the LEDs, each lens comprising a collimator configured to provide a narrow beam from an LED under the lens, wherein the collimator comprises:
a first end positioned proximate the LED under the lens and an opposing second end having a width that is wider than a width of the first end;
an air gap positioned at the first end, wherein:
the air gap comprises an opening that is symmetrically positioned around a central axis, and,
the opening comprises a concave sidewall that extends into the collimator to form a dome shape; and
a core positioned to have a central axis that is positioned along the central axis of the air gap, wherein the core includes an open end positioned at the second end of the collimator and a closed end that:
is opposite the open end,
has a width that is substantially the same as a width of the open end, and
has a dome shape, wherein the apex of the dome extends into the core, wherein:
each LED has a width of X, and
a diameter of the second end is 4.2X to 4.4X.

US Pat. No. 10,153,658

BATTERY MODULES HAVING DETECTION CONNECTORS AND RELATED SYSTEMS

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A battery module comprising a battery module connector configured to engage with a backplane connector on a backplane board associated with an uninterruptible power supply (UPS),wherein a voltage sensor in the UPS is configured to detect a change in voltage when the battery module connector is engaged with the backplane connector and a circuit is completed that instantaneously indicates to the UPS that the battery module is connected and when the battery module connector is disengaged from the backplane connector and the circuit is opened and instantaneously indicates to the UPS that the battery module is disconnected, the battery module including a plurality of batteries in a string; and
wherein when the battery module connector is engaged with the backplane connector a center point voltage of the string is detected by the voltage sensor in the UPS.

US Pat. No. 10,132,394

DIFFERENTIAL ASSEMBLY

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A transaxle comprising:a case;
an automatic transmission within the case;
a multispeed differential within the case, the multispeed differential including
a multispeed gear assembly including a planetary gear set having a sun gear, a plurality of planet gears operably connected to a differential housing via a carrier, and a ring gear driven by an output shaft of the automatic transmission, the multispeed differential configured to define a final drive ratio, the final drive ratio selected from at least a first final drive ratio and a second final drive ratio,
a clutch assembly configured to selectively change the final drive ratio of the multispeed gear assembly between the first final drive ratio and the second final drive ratio even while torque is transmitted via the transmission output shaft, wherein the clutch assembly is operably connected to the sun gear of the multispeed gear assembly, wherein the clutch assembly grounds the sun gear to achieve the first final drive ratio and allows the sun gear to rotate to achieve the second final drive ratio; and
a control system that is configured to activate the clutch assembly to change the final drive ratio while torque from the transmission output shaft is transmitted to vehicle wheels.

US Pat. No. 10,093,408

SUPERVISORY CONTROL AND MONITORING LOGIC FOR A ZONAL HYDRAULIC SYSTEM UNDER NORMAL AND EMERGENCY POWER CONDITIONS

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A method of supplying hydraulic power to an aircraft, the aircraft having a plurality of hydraulic zones, each of the hydraulic zones including a local controller, a hydraulic power unit controlled by the local controller, and at least one actuator powered by the hydraulic power unit, the aircraft being operable in a plurality of operating phases, the method comprising:determining a current operating phase of the plurality of operating phases of the aircraft; and
independently setting a power limit for at least one of the plurality of hydraulic zones based on the current operating phase of the aircraft,
wherein the determining of the current operating phase of the aircraft includes receiving operating phase indication data from an avionic system of the aircraft, and
wherein a control unit processes the operating phase indication data and sends power limit instructions to at least one of the local controllers of the plurality of hydraulic zones to set the power limit of at least one of the hydraulic power units.

US Pat. No. 10,082,050

ANTI-ROTATION DEVICE FOR LIFTER

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A valvetrain comprising:a lifter having a lifter axis along which the lifter is shaped to reciprocate;
a bore that is formed in the lifter, the bore having a cylinder-conforming perimeter the axis of which is parallel to the lifter axis, the perimeter of the bore intersecting an edge of the lifter to form an opening in the edge of the lifter;
an anti-rotation guide mounted to the lifter and retained within the bore;
wherein the anti-rotation guide maintains a uniform profile over a portion of its length in a direction parallel to the lifter axis;
the profile includes a first region and a second region joined by a neck region;
the first region is wider than the neck region;
the first region is within the lifter; and
the second region extends via the neck region outward from the lifter through the opening in the edge of the lifter.

US Pat. No. 10,068,735

ELECTRICAL SWITCHING APPARATUS, AND OPERATING MECHANISM AND LEVER ASSEMBLY THEREFOR

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A lever assembly for an operating mechanism of an electrical switching apparatus, said electrical switching apparatus comprising a number of pairs of separable contacts structured to move from a CLOSED position to a TRIPPED OPEN position in response to a trip condition, said operating mechanism comprising an enclosure member and a number of biasing elements coupled to said enclosure member, said number of biasing elements being structured to move said number of pairs of separable contacts from the CLOSED position to the TRIPPED OPEN position, said lever assembly comprising:a lever member structured to engage said enclosure member; and
a component disposed on said lever member,
wherein said component is structured to extend through each of said number of biasing elements in order to lengthen each of said number of biasing elements when said number of pairs of separable contacts are in the CLOSED position,
wherein said lever member comprises a base portion and a number of leg portions; and wherein said leg portions are fixed with respect to said base portion.

US Pat. No. 10,050,420

CONVERSION SYSTEM FOR A SWITCHGEAR ASSEMBLY

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. An apparatus for use with a frame defining at least one switchgear cell, stationary disconnects oriented vertically on the frame, and horizontal draw-out disconnects remote from the frame, the apparatus comprising:an adapter assembly including vertical adapter disconnects, horizontal adapter disconnects, and bus work connecting the vertical adapter disconnects with the horizontal adapter disconnects;
wherein the adapter assembly is configured to take an installed position in the switchgear cell with the vertical adapter disconnects projecting upward into engagement with the stationary disconnects on the frame; and
the adapter assembly is further configured for the horizontal adapter disconnects to engage and disengage from the horizontal draw-out disconnects upon movement of the horizontal draw-out disconnects horizontally into and out of engagement with the adapter assembly when the adapter assembly is in the installed position.

US Pat. No. 10,164,388

BUSWAY SYSTEMS AND RELATED ASSEMBLIES AND METHODS

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A busway assembly comprising:first and second busway sections, each busway section comprising:
a busway section housing having first and second opposing side portions;
a first insulator held in the first side portion of the housing, the first insulator holding at least one bus bar conductor; and
a second insulator held in the second side portion of the housing, the second insulator holding at least one bus bar conductor; and
a joint assembly configured to be positioned between and to couple the first and second busway sections;
wherein:
the first insulator comprises at least one lengthwise channel defined therein with the at least one channel holding the at least one bus bar conductor;
the second insulator comprises at least one lengthwise channel defined therein with the at least one channel holding the at least one bus bar conductor; and
a respective bus bar conductor has a length that is shorter than a length of the channel in which the bus bar conductor is held such that a gap is defined in the channel between an end of the bus bar conductor and an end of the channel.

US Pat. No. 10,141,130

LOCKING MECHANISM

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. An apparatus for use with a circuit interrupting apparatus shiftable between ON and OFF conditions, the apparatus comprising:a cabinet configured to contain the circuit interrupting apparatus and having a door with an inner side, an outer side, and an aperture;
a plate mounted on the inner side of the door for movement between ON and OFF positions, and configured to shift the circuit interrupting apparatus between the ON and OFF conditions upon movement of the plate between the ON and OFF positions;
a handle supported on the outer side of the door and linked with the plate to move the plate between the ON and OFF positions upon movement of the handle between corresponding ON and OFF positions;
a latch supported on the outer side of the door for movement through the aperture into and out of a locked position blocking movement of the plate into the ON position;
a spring supported on the outer side of the door in a condition biasing the latch out of the locked position;
a driving member supported on the outer side of the door for movement against the latch to move the latch into the locking position against the bias of the spring; and
a key configured to move the driving member against the latch.

US Pat. No. 10,132,842

VIRTUAL GROUND SENSING CIRCUIT FOR HIGH IMPEDANCE VOLTAGE SENSORS

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A high voltage electrical system, comprising:a high voltage conductor of a power distribution system; and
a high voltage sensing circuit coupled to the high voltage conductor for measuring a high voltage on the high voltage conductor, the high voltage sensing circuit including:
an amplifier having a first input and an amplifier output, the first input being coupled to a node comprising a virtual ground;
a cable having a cable capacitance associated therewith, wherein the cable has an input end and an output end, wherein the output end of the cable is coupled to the first input of the amplifier through the node and not through an impedance element; and
a sensor element including a first impedance element, the first impedance element having: (i) a first end coupled to the high voltage conductor for receiving the high voltage from the high voltage conductor, and (ii) a second end coupled to the input end of the cable, wherein the first impedance element is structured to cause a current signal having a current directly proportional to the high voltage on the high voltage conductor and a substantially zero volt voltage to be provided to the cable for transmission to the first input of the amplifier through the node responsive to the high voltage of the high voltage conductor being received by the first end of the first impedance element, and wherein the amplifier is structured to cause an output voltage that is directly proportional to the current of the current signal to be provided at the amplifier output.

US Pat. No. 10,125,732

HYDROMECHANICAL FUEL SYSTEM WITH DUAL BYPASS

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. An engine fuel supply system, comprising:a boost stage;
a positive displacement pump;
a metering valve downstream of the positive displacement pump that receives flow therefrom;
a first bypass valve configured to bypass fuel received from the positive displacement pump to one of the boost stage and the positive displacement pump, the first bypass valve operatively associated with the metering valve such that operation of the first bypass valve is responsive to upstream and downstream pressures across the metering valve;
a second bypass valve configured to bypass fuel received from the positive displacement pump to the other of the boost stage and the positive displacement pump, the second bypass valve operatively associated with the metering valve such that operation of the second bypass valve is responsive to upstream and downstream pressures across the metering valve;
a differential pressure regulator and wherein at least the first bypass valve is controlled by the differential pressure regulator; and
wherein the first bypass valve and the second bypass valve operate independently of one another.

US Pat. No. 10,128,058

SWITCHING DEVICE HAVING A DRIVE FOR FUNCTIONAL SWITCHING AND A HIGH-SPEED CIRCUIT BREAKER FOR BREAKING A CURRENT PATH IN THE SWITCHING DEVICE

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A switching device for the on-off switching of a current passing through a current path, the switching device comprising:a fixed contact;
a movable contact, the movable contact being moveable relative to the fixed contact so as to make or break the current path;
a drive configured for functional movement of a jumper between a contact-making position and a contact-breaking position, wherein, in the contact-making position with the fixed contact, the movable contact makes the current path; and
a high-speed circuit breaker configured to break the current path in the event of a short circuit or an overload,
wherein the movable contact is configured to be movably guided along the jumper between a first stop and a second stop and is rigidly coupled to an armature of the high-speed circuit breaker,
the switching device further comprising a magnetic holding mechanism, provided on the jumper so as to hold the movable contact, broken by the high-speed circuit breaker, on the second stop.

US Pat. No. 10,128,069

ELECTRICAL SWITCHING APPARATUS AND DEBRIS BARRIER THEREFOR

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A debris barrier for an electrical switching apparatus, said electrical switching apparatus comprising a pair of separable contacts and an arc interruption system comprising an arc chute disposed at or about said pair of separable contacts, said pair of separable contacts being structured to generate debris when tripping open in response to an electrical fault, said arc chute comprising a plurality of splitter plates each having an edge portion and at least one distal portion disposed opposite and distal said edge portion, said debris barrier comprising:a first leg;
a second leg; and
a middle portion connecting said first leg and said second leg, said middle portion being structured to be coupled to one of said pair of separable contacts,
wherein at least one of said first leg and said second leg comprises a first barrier portion and a second barrier portion extending from said first barrier portion, said first barrier portion being structured to be disposed at or about said at least one distal portion, said second barrier portion being structured to extend from said first barrier portion toward said edge portion in order to redirect said debris toward said edge portion; wherein said at least one of said first leg and said second leg comprises both of said first leg and said second leg; wherein said at least one distal portion comprises a first distal portion and a second distal portion disposed opposite and distal said first distal portion; wherein said second barrier portion of said first leg and said second barrier portion of said second leg are each structured to be disposed between said first distal portion and said second distal portion; wherein said second barrier portion of said first leg comprises an extension portion disposed generally perpendicular to said first barrier portion of said first leg; and wherein said second barrier portion of said second leg comprises an extension portion disposed generally perpendicular to said first barrier portion of said second leg.

US Pat. No. 10,128,073

ELECTRICAL SWITCHING APPARATUS AND THERMAL TRIP ASSEMBLY THEREFOR

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A thermal trip assembly for an electrical switching apparatus, said electrical switching apparatus including a housing, separable contacts enclosed by the housing, an operating mechanism for opening and closing said separable contacts, and a number of shunts, said thermal trip assembly comprising:a load conductor;
a bimetal adapted to cooperate with said operating mechanism to open said separable contacts in response to a trip condition; and
a bypass heater element structured to be electrically connected to said shunts,
wherein said bypass heater element directs the flow of electric current to at least partially bypass said bimetal,
wherein said bypass heater element comprises a first end, a second end distal from the first end, and an intermediate portion extending between the first end and the second end,
wherein said load conductor comprises a first end, a second end distal from the first end, and an intermediate portion extending between the first end and the second end,
wherein said bimetal comprises a first end and a second end disposed opposite and distal from the first end,
wherein the second end of said load conductor is directly electrically connected to the second end of said bimetal; and wherein the second end of said bypass heater element is disposed proximate the second end of said bimetal and the second end of said load conductor but is not directly electrically connected to said load conductor, in order that said bypass heater element directs electric current to partially bypass said bimetal.

US Pat. No. 10,103,573

UPS SYSTEMS AND METHODS USING VARIABLE CONFIGURATION MODULES

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. An uninterruptible power supply (UPS) comprising:a first bridge circuit module;
a second bridge circuit module; and
a control circuit configured to operate the first bridge circuit module as an inverter and to selectively operate the second bridge circuit module as a bypass switch in a first mode and as a rectifier in a second mode.

US Pat. No. 10,087,792

TWO PATH TWO STEP ACTUATOR

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

19. A method of operating an electro-hydraulic actuator, the actuator comprising:a hollow first piston comprising a first extant and a second extant;
a second piston slidable within the first piston; and
an actuator housing comprising a recess, a first tubular port in fluid communication with the first piston, and a second tubular port in fluid communication with the second piston,
wherein the first extant has a length L1 and wherein the second extant has a length L2,
wherein the first extant has a diameter D1, wherein the second extant has a diameter D2 and D2 wherein the first tubular port extends for a length L4, where L4 L2,
wherein the recess extends for a length L3, where L3>L2>L1, and
wherein the first piston and the second piston are housed in the recess,
the method comprising:
supplying fluid at a first pressure to the first tubular port; and
supplying fluid at a second pressure to the second tubular port,
wherein, when the first tubular port and the second tubular port receive a predetermined fluid pressure, the first piston travels slower than the second piston.

US Pat. No. 10,083,802

MOTOR CONTROL CENTER SUBUNIT HAVING MOVEABLE LINE CONTACTS AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURE

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A bucket removable from an enclosure defined within a motor control center, the bucket comprising:a housing having a pair of side panels and a front panel;
an isolator assembly positioned at a rear surface of the housing;
an actuating mechanism disposed within the housing between the pair of side panels; and
at least one stab coupled to the actuating mechanism;
wherein the actuating mechanism translates the at least one stab between a disengaged position and an engaged position independent of movement of the pair of side panels and the front panel of the housing; and
wherein the at least one stab is positioned within the housing in the disengaged position and extends through the isolator assembly to engage a power bus of the motor control center in the engaged position.

US Pat. No. 10,299,336

CONFIGURABLE LIGHTING SYSTEM

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A luminaire comprising:a housing comprising at least one outer surface that forms a first cavity;
at least one electrical component disposed, at least in part, within the first cavity;
an electrical cable comprising a first end and a second end, wherein the first end is coupled to the at least one electrical component; and
a switch coupled to the electrical cable, wherein the switch is disposed remotely from the housing, wherein the switch has a plurality of positions, wherein each position of the plurality of positions of the switch corresponds to a discrete correlated color temperature (CCT) output by one or more light sources of the luminaire.

US Pat. No. 10,184,562

DEVICE INCLUDING AN ANTI-ROTATION MECHANISM FOR A PISTON AND A METHOD OF USING THE SAME

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A device comprising:a cylinder forming a cylinder inner wall that extends along an actuation axis;
a first magnetic member fixed to the cylinder;
a piston disposed within the cylinder such that the piston is bounded by the cylinder inner wall and slides along the actuation axis and the cylinder inner wall; and
a second magnetic member fixed to the piston to move with the piston axially relative to the cylinder and the first magnetic member;
wherein the first magnetic member and the second magnetic member are aligned and interact to generate a magnetic force that mitigates rotation of the piston around the actuation axis.

US Pat. No. 10,184,583

REDUNDANT LIP SEAL FOR VALVE

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A valve assembly for use in a fuel fill line, the valve assembly comprising:a housing including a flange that surrounds the housing;
a weld foot molded over at least a portion of the flange; and
a seal disposed between the flange and the weld foot,
wherein the seal includes a first lip and a second lip, the first lip and second lip are both in contact with a surface on at least one of the flange and the weld foot, and the first lip and the second lip are configured to compress against the flange and resist passage of fluid or vapor regardless of a pressure differential direction.

US Pat. No. 10,184,969

MONITORING SYSTEM FOR A CAPACITOR BANK

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A system for identifying one or more failed or degraded capacitor units in a capacitor bank that comprises a plurality of capacitor units, the system comprising:a capacitor bank configured to be electrically connected to an electrical power system, the capacitor bank comprising a terminal and a plurality of capacitor units arranged in a predetermined and spatially fixed configuration relative to each other, each of the capacitor units comprising at least one capacitive element and having a nominal impedance, the capacitor bank having a first electrical response when all of the capacitor units have the nominal impedance; and
a monitoring system electrically connected to the capacitor bank, the monitoring system configured to locate one or more failed or degraded capacitor units in the capacitor bank while the capacitor bank is connected to the electrical power system, the monitoring system comprising one or more electronic processors, and a non-transitory computer-readable medium coupled to the one or more electronic processors, the medium comprising instructions that, when executed, cause the one or more electronic processors to:
access configuration data stored on the computer-readable medium, the configuration data comprising information that specifies the spatially fixed configuration of the plurality of capacitor units of the capacitor bank;
provide a test electrical signal to the capacitor bank, the test electrical signal configured to interact with each capacitor unit in the capacitor bank to produce a capacitor unit response for that capacitor unit;
measure a second electrical response of the capacitor bank after providing the test electrical signal to the capacitor bank, the second electrical response of the capacitor bank being based on the capacitor unit responses of all of the capacitor units in the capacitor bank;
compare the first electrical response of the capacitor bank and the second electrical response of the capacitor bank to determine an error signal, the error signal comprising features related to the capacitor unit response of each capacitor unit;
analyze the error signal to extract one or more of the features; and
provide one or more of the extracted features to a classifier configured to determine, based on the provided extracted features and the information that specifies the spatially fixed configuration of the plurality of capacitor units of the capacitor bank, a location of a group of capacitor units within the capacitor bank that have degraded or failed, the group of capacitor units comprising fewer than all of the capacitor units in the capacitor bank.

US Pat. No. 10,186,847

MOTOR CONTROL CENTER (MCC) UNITS WITH SLIDABLE SHUTTERS

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A bucket assembly, comprising:a unit housing having a front and opposing laterally spaced apart sidewalls;
an operator handle facing the front of the unit housing, wherein the operator handle moves vertically between first and second positions;
a laterally extending shaft attached to the operator handle and residing inside the unit housing;
an upwardly extending shutter linkage that is attached to the laterally extending shaft;
a shutter cam attached to the shutter linkage; and
a shutter in communication with the shutter cam, wherein the shutter has a shutter portal, and wherein the shutter cooperates with the shutter cam to laterally slide the shutter to a position that misaligns the shutter portal with a lead screw to block access to the lead screw when the operator handle is in the second position.

US Pat. No. 10,151,798

CIRCUIT BREAKER ACCESSORY DATA COLLECTOR AND RELATED METHODS AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCTS

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. An accessory data collector configured to be coupled to a switch-gear of a power system including at least one circuit breaker, the accessory data collector comprising:a sensor array configured to sense parameters comprising electrical characteristics associated with at least one accessory coupled to the at least one circuit breaker, wherein the sensor array is distinct from the at least one circuit breaker and is external to a housing associated with the circuit breaker;
data storage configured to store the sensed parameters associated with the at least one accessory during a plurality of operational cycles of the at least one circuit breaker; and
a processor coupled to the data storage, wherein the processor executes instructions to store the sensed parameters associated with the at least one accessory in the data storage during the plurality of operational cycles of the at least one circuit breaker,
wherein the stored parameters are indicative of malfunction or failure of the at least one accessory,
wherein the stored parameters are analyzed to provide time values of application comprising an amount of time the at least one accessory was energized and changing rates of the electrical characteristics over the plurality of operational cycles of the at least one circuit breaker,
wherein the stored parameters are further analyzed to determine if the at least one accessory has been exposed to electrical inputs beyond operational specification limits associated with the amount of time the at least one accessory was energized to distinguish manufacturing defects of the at least one accessory from application errors associated with usage of the at least one accessory, and
wherein the accessory data collector is configured to couple the sensor array to the at least one accessory via a plurality of mating terminal blocks between a first secondary control voltage terminal connected to the at least one circuit breaker and a second secondary control voltage terminal connected to the switch-gear.

US Pat. No. 10,138,912

HIGH OUTPUT HYDRAULIC CYLINDER AND PISTON ARRANGEMENT

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

5. A hydraulic piston and cylinder arrangement comprising:a force transfer member;
a first output rod coupled to a first side of the force transfer member to move with the force transfer member;
a second output rod coupled to a second side of the force transfer member to move with the force transfer member, the second side being opposite the first side;
a first piston and cylinder device coupled to the force transfer member, the first piston and cylinder device being configured to be operated only in compression, and the first piston and cylinder device being configured to move the force transfer member in a first direction when the first piston and cylinder device is operated in compression, wherein the first and second output rods move with the force transfer member; and
a second piston and cylinder device coupled to the force transfer member, the second piston and cylinder device being configured to be operated only in compression, and the second piston and cylinder device being configured to move the force transfer member in an opposite second direction when the second piston and cylinder device is operated in compression, wherein the first and second output rods move with the force transfer member.

US Pat. No. 10,128,622

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM, AND POWER INLET APPARATUS AND ELECTRICAL RECEPTACLE ASSEMBLY THEREFOR

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A power inlet apparatus for an electrical system, said electrical system comprising a power source, said power inlet apparatus comprising:a housing; and
an electrical receptacle assembly comprising:
an electrical receptacle mechanically coupled to said housing and structured to be electrically connected with said power source, and
an indication assembly mechanically coupled to and electrically connected with said electrical receptacle, said indication assembly comprising a status indicator adapted to provide an indication of circuit status within said electrical system,
wherein said housing comprises a housing member and a cap member; wherein said housing member comprises a body portion having a first end portion and a second end portion disposed opposite and distal the first end portion; wherein said cap member is coupled to the first end portion in order to partially enclose said electrical receptacle; wherein said body portion is cylindrical-shaped; wherein said cap member comprises a cylindrical-shaped coupling portion and a top portion extending from the coupling portion; and wherein the first end portion of the body portion is coupled to and is disposed internal with respect to the coupling portion of said cap member.

US Pat. No. 10,084,293

FRAME FOR A CONTROL CABINET HAVING A REMOVABLE BOTTOM PLATE FOR DISTRIBUTION BUS BARS AND PRODUCTION METHOD FOR A CONTROL CABINET

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A frame for a switch cabinet, the frame comprising:a plurality of interconnected frame profiled elements, which define a substantially cuboid outer contour; and
a first retainer and a second retainer,
wherein the retainers are arranged within the substantially cuboid outer contour,
wherein the retainers are vertically spaced apart,
wherein recesses are arranged in the retainers, the recesses forming part of an outer contour of an imaginary, generally cylindrical body,
wherein an axis of the imaginary, generally cylindrical body is oriented vertically when the retainers are in an operating position,
wherein an electrically insulating bottom plate is arranged on a first cover surface extending transversely to the imaginary, generally cylindrical body,
wherein the bottom plate and the first cover surface overlap at least in part, and
wherein the bottom plate is releasably mounted in a mounting that is connected to the frame profiled elements.

US Pat. No. 10,401,549

LIGHT FIXTURES WITH WAVEGUIDES

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A light fixture, comprising:a first heat sink;
at least one first light module thermally coupled to the first heat sink;
a second heat sink;
at least one second light module thermally coupled to the second heat sink; and
a curved waveguide comprising:
a first side;
a second side opposite the first side; and
at least one curved portion disposed between the first side and the second side, wherein each of the at least one curved portion is continuous between the first side and the second side, wherein the curved waveguide has a substantially uniform thickness along the first side, through the at least one curved portion, and to the second side,
wherein the at least one first light module is disposed adjacent to the first side and directs light into the curved waveguide through the first side, and
wherein the at least one second light module is disposed adjacent to the second side of the waveguide and directs light into the waveguide through the second side.

US Pat. No. 10,251,225

MULTI-MODE POWER SUPPLY FOR AN LED ILLUMINATION DEVICE

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. An illumination device, comprising:a light emitting diode (LED) module;
a control circuit, wherein the control circuit comprises at least one essential circuit component and at least one non-essential circuit component; and
a multi-mode power supply module configured to supply power to the LED module and the control circuit, wherein the multi-mode power supply module comprises:
a primary power supply component configured to supply power to the at least one essential circuit component, the LED module, and the at least one non-essential circuit component, and
a secondary power supply component configured to supply power to only the at least one essential circuit component and not to the LED module or the at least one non-essential circuit component.