US Pat. No. 9,126,629

MOTOR VEHICLE SUPPORT STRUCTURE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A motor vehicle structure comprising: an A pillar, a sill, a front wheel and a slide-off surface for the front wheel, the
slide-off surface being defined by forming an inner region of the A pillar to have a greater wall thickness than an outer
region of the A-pillar so that the inner region of the A-pillar exhibits higher strength than the outer region of the A pillar.

US Pat. No. 9,073,568

DISPLAY AND OPERATING SYSTEM OF A MOTOR VEHICLE INCLUDING AN OUTER LEFT-HAND DISPLAY DEVICE AND AN OUTER RIGHT-HAND DISPLAY DEVICE

DR. ING. H.C. F. PORSCHE ...

1. A display and operating system of a motor vehicle, the display and operating system comprising:
an instrument cluster formed by a plurality of display devices and including an outer left-hand display device and an outer
right hand display device;

a steering wheel including:
an outer left-hand operating device configured exclusively for driver interaction with the outer left-hand display device
of the instrument cluster and an outer right-hand operating device configured exclusively for driver interaction with the
outer right-hand display device of the instrument cluster, each of the outer left-hand operating device and the outer right-hand
operating device having two input devices including:

one rotary-barrel-like input device configured for selecting and confirming a display mode of the respective outer display
device of the instrument cluster, and

one button-like input device configured for returning to a display mode of the respective outer display device of the instrument
cluster that is superordinate to

the respectively selected display mode; and
an operating mode selecting device configured to select at least one operating mode from the group including purely electric-motor-powered
driving, purely combustion-engine-powered driving, combined electric-motor-powered and combustion-engine-powered driving,
and electric-motor-powered boosting as a special case of combined electric-motor-powered and combustion-engine-powered driving,
the operating mode selecting device including:

a rotatable selecting element configured for driver selection of at least one of the operating modes including purely electric-motor-powered
driving combined electric-motor-powered and combustion-engine-powered driving, and

a button-like boost selecting element configured for driver selection of the electric-motor-powered boosting; and
further devices including at least one of a display device or an operating device disposed laterally adjacent to the instrument
cluster.

US Pat. No. 9,086,037

TANK VENTILATION WITH A VENTURI NOZZLE

DR. ING. H.C. F. PORSCHE ...

1. A method of controlling a tank ventilation system, the method comprising:
providing a tank ventilation system including:
a vapor filter,
a first line connecting the vapor filter at a corresponding first introduction point to a suction pipe,
a second line connecting the vapor filter at a corresponding second introduction point to an environment line, the second
line including:

a Venturi nozzle with an inlet end connected to the environment line upstream of a throttle valve and downstream of a compressor,
and an outlet end connected to the environment line so as to form the second introduction point upstream of the compressor
and downstream of an air filter, such that operation of the compressor results in a pressure differential that conducts carrier
flow through the Venturi nozzle, the Venturi nozzle having a restricted section through which movement of the carrier flow
results in a reduced pressure, and

a removal pipe in communication with the vapor filter and connected to the constricted section of the Venturi nozzle such
that the reduced pressure resulting from the carrier flow causes fluid from the vapor filter to pass through the removal pipe
and the outlet of the Venturi nozzle to the environment line at the second introduction point;

conveying an air flow through the tank ventilation system so as to purge the vapor filter;
measuring pressure values including at least one of:
pressure upstream of the compressor,
pressure downstream of the compressor,
pressure differential between a negative pressure in the suction pipe and environment, and
ambient pressure; and
calculating, using a computer, a path of the air flow purging the vapor filter based on the measured pressure values.

US Pat. No. 9,461,285

MOTOR VEHICLE BATTERY COMPRISING DUMMY CELL AND COOLING PLATE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A motor vehicle battery, comprising:
a battery housing having a pair of first side walls spaced apart in a longitudinal direction and a pair of spaced apart second
side walls extending in the longitudinal direction between the pair of first side walls;

a cooling plate with opposite first and second surfaces arranged normal to the pair of first side walls and the pair of second
side walls;

at least a first battery module having a first plurality of battery cells, each of the battery cells having opposite first
and second ends, the first ends of the battery cells being supported on the first surface of the cooling plate, the battery
cells being positioned side-by-side and bounded by the pair of first side walls and the pair of second side walls, the battery
cells of the first battery module being pressed together in the longitudinal direction between the opposite ends of the first
battery module;

a hollow first dummy cell spaced inward from the pair of first side walls and extending in a direction normal to the cooling
plate, the hollow first dummy cell being positioned between two adjacent battery cells of the plurality of first battery cells;
and

a clamping bolt extending through the first dummy cell and pressing the plurality of first battery cells of the first battery
module against the cooling plate in a direction perpendicular to the cooling plate.

US Pat. No. 9,360,010

FIRST AND SECOND PUMPS IN A COMMON HOUSING WITH PARALLEL FLOW

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. An oil pump (1) for lubricating parts of an internal combustion engine, the oil pump comprising:
a housing (15) with a single suction-side fluid inlet (4) and with a single pressure-side fluid outlet (5),

a first pump unit (2, 11) and a second pump unit (3, 12), the first pump unit being connected hydraulically in parallel with respect to the second pump unit,

wherein the housing (15) is of modular construction and has a first housing part (3), which houses the first pump unit (11), and also a second housing part (14), which houses the second pump unit (12),

wherein the fluid inlet (4) of the housing (15) forms in each case one fluid connection to the first and to the second pump unit (2, 3, 11, 12),

wherein the fluid outlet (5) of the housing (15) forms in each case one fluid connection to the first and to the second pump unit (2, 3, 11, 12),

wherein the first pump unit (2, 11) is a pump unit that exhibits a constant volume flow, and the second pump unit (3, 12) is a pump unit that exhibits variably adjustable volume flow,

wherein at a first temperature of the oil, the second pump unit delivers the oil in a forward direction towards the internal
combustion engine, and at a second temperature of the oil that is lower than said first temperature, the second pump unit
delivers at least a portion of the oil in a reverse direction in order to reduce a volume of oil being delivered to the internal
combustion engine.

US Pat. No. 9,615,431

LIGHTING APPARATUS FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE HAVING A DAYTIME RUNNING LIGHT ILLUMINATED AT DIFFERENT LEVELS

DR. ING. H.C. F. PORSCHE ...

1. A lighting apparatus for a motor vehicle comprising:
a daytime running light device;
a light beam device; and
a drive device operable to drive an illumination level of the daytime running light device, wherein:
the drive device is operable to drive the daytime running light device so as to have a first illumination level with the light
beam device switched off,

the drive device is operable to drive the daytime running light device so as to have a second illumination level with the
light beam device switched on and,

the drive device is operable to drive the daytime running light device so as to have a third illumination level with the light
beam device switched on with poor weather conditions,

wherein light beam device is a low-beam device, a high-beam device, or a low- and high-beam device,
wherein the second illumination level is less than or equal to the first illumination level, and
wherein the third illumination level is less than the second illumination level.

US Pat. No. 9,469,182

MOUNTING FRAME FOR AN ELECTRICALLY DRIVEN MOTOR VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A mounting frame for an electrically driven motor vehicle, comprising: two frame beams oriented in a longitudinal direction
of the motor vehicle, the frame beams having inwardly facing surfaces opposed to one another; at least one transverse beam
extending between the frame beams; an electric drive unit for driving the motor vehicle mounted on the frame beams, the electric
drive unit being in proximity to a first longitudinal end of the motor vehicle and being at a first elevational position on
the vehicle; and an electrical component formed separately from the electric drive unit, the electrical component being accommodated
in a flexurally stiff housing mounted in contact with the inwardly facing surfaces of the frame beams of the mounting frame
at a second elevational position on the vehicle that is different from the first elevational position, the frame beams forming
a frame arrangement that is open outwardly toward the first longitudinal end in the longitudinal direction, and a plurality
of connecting elements fixedly connecting the flexurally stiff housing of the electrical component directly to the two frame
beams at a plurality of longitudinal positions along the longitudinal direction between the electric drive unit and the first
longitudinal end of the vehicle to form a closed frame together with the frame beams and with the electric drive unit being
within the closed frame.

US Pat. No. 9,382,996

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR COOLING AN AXLE DIFFERENTIAL OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A device for cooling an axle differential of a motor vehicle, composed of an air-guiding plate for guiding an air stream
under the motor vehicle, wherein the air-guiding plate is fastened to the axle differential such that an intrinsic movement
of the axle differential causes an adjustment of the air-guiding plate, wherein the air-guiding plate is fastened to a housing
of the axle differential and as a result of the intrinsic movements of the axle differential, the air-guiding plate guides
the air stream to the axle differential when the motor vehicle is braking, guides no air stream to the axle differential when
the motor vehicle is travelling at a constant speed, and guides the air stream away from the axle differential, such that
a negative pressure is generated at the axle differential, when the motor vehicle is accelerating.

US Pat. No. 9,360,041

DRIVE-IN BUSHING, MOTOR VEHICLE STRUCTURE AND METHOD AND TOOL FOR PRODUCING THE MOTOR VEHICLE STRUCTURE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A motor vehicle structure, comprising: a first component manufactured from a fiber-reinforced plastic and having at least
one recess extending therethrough; a second component manufactured from fiber-reinforced plastic or metal and having an opening
penetrating therethrough, the second component being positioned in surface-to surface contact with the first component so
that the opening in the second component registers with the recess in the first component; at least one drive-in bushing having
a sleeve-like basic body manufactured from metal and having an external surface formed without a thread, and an internal surface
with an internal thread, the basic body being driven into the recess in the fiber-reinforced plastic of the first component;
and at least one screw penetrating through the opening in the second component from a surface of the second component facing
away from the first component and screwed into the internal thread of said drive-in bushing for releasably connecting the
first and second components together.

US Pat. No. 9,296,416

METHOD FOR OPERATING A STEERING APPARATUS OF A MOTOR VEHICLE COMPRISING AN ELECTROMECHANICAL STEERING-ASSISTANCE DEVICE

DR. ING. H.C. F. PORSCHE ...

1. A method for operating a steering apparatus of a motor vehicle that includes an electromechanical steering-assistance device,
the method comprising:
detecting interference-induced vibrations which act on a torsion bar of the steering apparatus;
analyzing a frequency and amplitude of the interference-induced vibrations;
activating a steering-stabilization function of the steering-assistance device when a limit value for the amplitude of the
interference-induced vibrations is exceeded;

providing, by the steering stabilization function, a drive signal (AS) for an electric motor of the steering-assistance device,
so that the electric motor generates a compensation torque Mbar which acts on the torsion bar and at least partially counteracts the interference-induced vibrations;

forming an indicator (I) from the frequency and the amplitude of the interference-induced vibrations;
distinguishing carriageway-induced vibrations from vibrations caused by instabilities in the steering apparatus; and
generating the drive signal (AS) for the electric motor in a vibration-dependent manner by combining the indicator (I) with
the steering-stabilization function

wherein the frequency and amplitude of a torsion bar torque (MDS) of the torsion bar of the steering apparatus are determined so as to form the indicator (I), and

wherein the torsion bar torque (MDS) is differentiated, and zero crossings in the derivative of the torsion bar torque (MDS) are detected, the frequency of the vibrations of the torsion bar being calculated from said zero crossings, and also the
maximum of a magnitude of the derivative of the torsion bar torque (MDS) is determined, and the indicator (I) is formed by combining the frequency with the maximum of the magnitude of the derivative
of the torsion bar torque (MDS).

US Pat. No. 9,050,716

EMERGENCY ACTUATING TOOL

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A two-part emergency actuating tool comprising a first part that is removably connected to a second part, the first part
of the tool having a first tool head extending along a longitudinal axis, which first tool head has an actuating element,
wherein the second part of the tool has at least one second tool head which has a second actuating element, wherein the emergency
actuating tool is configured to be assembled and at least partially dismantled, and wherein a third tool head of the second
part of the tool with a third actuating element is exposed by dismantling the emergency actuating tool, wherein the second
part of the tool is configured to be removed from the first part of the tool by first rotating the second part about the longitudinal
axis of the first tool head to align with a side opening of a corner region along the longitudinal axis while the first part
of the tool remains stationary to uncouple a releasable connection between the second part and the first part, and thereafter
translating the second part of the tool through the side opening along the longitudinal axis of the first tool head in a direction
away from the first tool to completely detach the second part from the first part.

US Pat. No. 9,383,059

ASSEMBLY SECURING ARRANGEMENT

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. An assembly securing arrangement for securing a transmission in a motor vehicle body, comprising:
two opposing frame members that are spaced apart,
two assembly bearings each including (i) a stiff bearing support formed of a stiff material having side surfaces that are
fixedly mounted between the opposing frame members by one or more fasteners, a topmost surface that is positioned to face
the transmission, and openings formed on the topmost surface for securing the assembly bearing to the motor vehicle, the topmost
surface being slanted with respect to a planar topmost surface of the frame members, and (ii) an elastic bearing block fixedly
mounted to the topmost surface of the bearing support and extending to an elevation above the frame members and the topmost
surface of the bearing support,

the stiff bearing support being configured to be mounted to the transmission, and the elastic bearing block configured to
be positioned against the transmission for a vibration-damped mounting of the transmission,

wherein each assembly bearing is a load-bearing component of the assembly securing arrangement.

US Pat. No. 9,303,675

BOLT, METHOD AND BOLT ARRANGEMENT FOR FASTENING A COMPONENT TO A BASE MATERIAL

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A bolt for fastening a component to a base material, comprising:
a flange for supporting the component, the flange having opposite first and second surfaces and an outer periphery extending
between the first and second surfaces, a cylindrical section projecting from the second surface and having an outer circumference
spaced inward from the outer periphery of the flange;

a first pin projecting from the first surface of the flange and provided with a thread; and
a second pin projecting from the second surface of the flange and configured to be fit into a bore in the base material, the
second pin having a plurality of annular protrusions, each of the annular protrusions having a first surface facing the flange
and substantially parallel to the flange and a second surface facing obliquely away from to the flange, the second pin being
fittable by a plug-in adhesive connection into the bore formed in the base material.

US Pat. No. 9,207,146

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MONITORING AN ELECTROMAGNETIC HYDRAULIC VALVE FOR A VARIABLE VALVE TIMING SYSTEM

DR. ING. H.C. F. PORSCHE ...

1. A method for monitoring an electromagnetic hydraulic valve for controlling a hydraulically adjustable valve gear of a reciprocating
piston engine, the hydraulic valve including an electromagnetic coil and a moving armature configured to connect a control
port hydraulically to a high-pressure port or a low-pressure port, depending on an energization of the coil, the method comprising:
detecting a movement of the armature, using a control unit, in response to another energization of the coil resulting from
a mutual induction in the coil; caused by movement of the armature; and

identifying a defect, using the control unit, if the expected mutual induction does not occur.

US Pat. No. 9,457,800

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DRIVING A MOTOR VEHICLE WITH HYBRID DRIVE

DR. ING. H.C. F. PORSCHE ...

1. A method for driving a motor vehicle having a hybrid drive that includes an internal combustion engine and an electric
machine for providing a drive torque (t) for driving the motor vehicle, the motor vehicle being drivable by a torque of the
internal combustion engine, by virtue of the internal combustion engine being started, or by a torque of the electric machine,
the method comprising:
detecting an amount of running activity (tB) of the internal combustion engine using a running activity detection unit, the amount of running activity (tB) being one of a total distance travelled by the motor vehicle or a total operating duration of the internal combustion engine;

determining a temperature of the internal combustion engine using a temperature sensor;
selecting, using a control unit, a drive mode based on the detected amount of running activity (tB) and the determined temperature of the internal combustion engine; and

driving the motor vehicle by at least one of the internal combustion engine or the electric machine based on the selected
drive mode.

US Pat. No. 9,440,523

UNDERFLOOR UNIT FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. An underfloor unit for reinforcing a motor vehicle body of a motor vehicle between a front axle and a rear axle, the underfloor
unit including a base body that can be connected to the motor vehicle body for dissipating static and/or dynamic loads of
the motor vehicle body, the base body comprising:
a support plate having opposite upper and lower surfaces, the upper surface being configured for supporting battery cell units
of a traction battery for purely electric drive of the motor vehicle;

a shaped sheet having a substantially serpentine shape with a plurality of bends defining cooling channels for cooling the
battery cell units, upper portions of the shaped sheet connected to the lower surface of the support plate; and

an armor plate having opposite upper and lower surfaces, the upper surface of the armor plate being coupled to lower portions
of the shaped sheet, the armor plate being configured for protecting the battery cell units against force from below.

US Pat. No. 9,435,313

STARTER ARRANGEMENT

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A starter arrangement for starting a motor vehicle engine of a motor vehicle, comprising:
a starter ring for connecting to a drive shaft of the motor vehicle engine,
a starter unit for introducing a starter torque into the starter ring via a starter pinion which can act on the starter ring,
a clutch which is connected to the starter ring for coupling the drive shaft of the motor vehicle engine to at least one transmission
input shaft of a motor vehicle transmission, the clutch being positioned spaced apart in the axial direction from the starter
ring by an axial distance s, a reserved installation space for positioning an electric machine for the hybrid drive of the
motor vehicle being formed by way of the axial distance s, the starter unit being positioned at least partially within the
reserved installation space, and

a clutch housing surrounding the starter ring and the clutch, the starter unit being positioned radially within the clutch
housing, wherein the starter unit is connected to the clutch housing in a manner which is spaced apart via a sealing frame,
and wherein the sealing frame encloses a cooling volume between the starter unit and the clutch housing, the cooling volume
being connected to a surrounding area outside the clutch housing via at least one inlet opening in the clutch housing and
at least one outlet opening in the clutch housing, the at least one inlet opening disposed below the outlet opening in the
direction of gravity.

US Pat. No. 9,431,685

BATTERY ARRANGEMENT FOR USE IN A MOTOR VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A battery arrangement for a motor vehicle, comprising:
a battery housing having an outer wall;
a printed circuit board mounted to the battery housing and spaced from the outer wall to define a first flow space between
the outer wall and the printed circuit board, and openings formed through the printed circuit board;

a cell connecting element mounted to the printed circuit board and having opposite first and second surfaces, the first surface
facing the printed circuit board and spaced therefrom to define a second flow space between the cell connecting element and
the printed circuit board, the first flow space and the second flow space being in communication with each other through the
openings in the printed circuit board, the cell connecting element being formed with openings extending therethrough at locations
offset from the openings in the printed circuit board; and

battery cells provided respectively with cell poles mounted to the second surface of the cell connecting element at positions
opposed respectively to the openings in the printed circuit board, the battery cells being spaced from one another to define
third flow spaces between the battery cells and aligned with the openings in the cell connecting element, the third flow spaces
being in communication with the second flow space via the openings in the cell connecting element, so that the battery arrangement
is configured to allow a cooling medium to flow from the first flow space into the second flow space at locations opposed
to the cell poles via the openings in the printed circuit board, and into the third flow space between the battery cells via
the openings in the cell connecting element to cool the battery arrangement.

US Pat. No. 9,283,824

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A TORQUE OF A ROLL STABILIZING SYSTEM

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A method for controlling a torque of a roll stabilizing system which acts on a wheel suspension system of a chassis for
a vehicle in order to correct a rolling inclination of a bodywork of the vehicle, wherein a spring travel value of at least
two wheels of the vehicle is detected, wherein the torque is determined as a function of a difference between the spring travel
values of the two wheels, wherein the determined torque is applied to the wheel suspension system, and wherein each spring
travel value is a measure of a relative distance between one of the wheels and the bodywork of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,283,853

HYBRID DRIVE OF A HYBRID VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A hybrid drive of a hybrid vehicle, comprising: an internal combustion engine, at least one electrical machine and an electrical
energy storage means which can be discharged to a relatively great extent when the at least one electrical machine is operated
as a motor, and can be charged to a relatively great extent when the at least one electrical machine is operated as a generator,
with the at least one electrical machine having an associated converter coupled to the respective electrical machine by a
plug connection, and the electrical energy storage means having an associated converter coupled to the respective converter
of the at least one electrical machine by a plug connection, the plug connections being connected in at least one high-voltage
circuit and in a protective circuit, with the plug connections being automatically disconnected from the high voltage when
the protective circuit is interrupted, the at least one high-voltage circuit comprises a high-voltage switch, the high-voltage
switch only being closed and a high voltage only being provided to the plug connections when the protective circuit is closed,
and with the high-voltage switch automatically opening and automatically disconnecting the high voltage from the plug connections
when the protective circuit is interrupted, and a hybrid management system controller coupled to the plug connection, that
couples the converter of the electrical energy storage means to the converter of the at least one electrical machine via at
least one circuit breaker and an on-board electrical system controller, wherein a signal for closing the high-voltage switch
can be provided to said high-voltage switch by said hybrid management system controller when the protective circuit is closed.

US Pat. No. 9,148,041

ELECTRIC MACHINE HAVING A COOLED ROTOR SHAFT

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. An electric machine comprising: a hollow rotor shaft and a cooling device for cooling the rotor shaft, the cooling device
including a stationary cooling lance that penetrates the hollow rotor shaft axially and mounted so that the hollow rotor shaft
is rotatable about the stationary cooling lance, the cooling lance having a cooling duct inlet, a cooling duct outlet, and
a cooling duct penetrating the cooling lance axially, the cooling duct being connected to the cooling duct inlet and the cooling
duct outlet for guiding a cooling medium through the cooling lance, the cooling lance further having an oil inlet, an oil
outlet and an oil duct penetrating the cooling lance axially, the oil duct being connected to the oil inlet and the oil outlet
for guiding the oil through the cooling lance without fluid communication between the oil and the cooling medium guided through
the cooling duct, the oil outlet being connected to an annular space formed between the stationary cooling lance and the rotatable
rotor shaft, and the annular space having an opening disposed and configured for discharging the oil from the annular space
to locations external of cooling lance and the rotor shaft.

US Pat. No. 9,140,335

SHIFT GEARBOX FOR USE WITH AN ELECTRIC MACHINE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A shift gearbox having first and second gear ratios, the gearbox comprising:
an input shaft that can be driven by an electric machine,
a clutch for connecting the input shaft to an output shaft of the gearbox,
a planetary stage arranged parallel to the clutch, the planetary gear stage having:
a sun gear,
planetary gears surrounding and engaged with the sun gear and being connected to the input shaft, and
a gear carrier having an internal gear surrounding and engaged with the planetary gears and having an external toothing connected
to the output shaft of the gearbox for driving a wheel of a motor vehicle, or an axle that has wheels; and

a brake actuator for selectively immobilizing the sun gear so that the planetary stage is switchable between a condition where
the sun gear is rotatable so that all of the planetary stage rotates without being in a power flow from the input shaft to
the output shaft to define the first gear ratio and an immobilized condition where the input shaft rotates the planet gears
about the immobilized sun gear to define the second gear ratio.

US Pat. No. 9,353,743

FIXED AND VARIABLE PUMPS WITH PARALLEL FLOW

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. An internal combustion engine comprising:
an oil pump (1, 10) for lubricating parts of the internal combustion engine, the oil pump having a housing (15) with a single suction-side fluid inlet (4) and with a single pressure-side fluid outlet (5),

the oil pump having a first pump unit (2, 11) and having a second pump unit (3, 12), the first pump unit (2, 11) being connected hydraulically in parallel with respect to the second pump unit (3, 12),

wherein the first pump unit (2, 11) is a pump unit that exhibits a constant volume flow,

wherein the second pump unit (3, 12) is a pump unit that exhibits variably adjustable volume flow for regulating a pressure of the oil delivered through the
internal combustion engine as a function of a temperature of the oil,

wherein the variably adjustable volume flow of the second pump unit (3, 12) can be adjusted from positive volume flow values to negative volume flow values, with the volume flow of the second pump
unit (3, 12) being reversed, and

wherein at a first temperature of the oil, the second pump unit delivers the oil in a forward direction towards the internal
combustion engine, and at a second temperature of the oil that is lower than said first temperature, the second pump unit
delivers at least a portion of the oil in a reverse direction in order to reduce a volume of oil being delivered to the internal
combustion engine.

US Pat. No. 9,151,236

CONTROL DEVICE OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A control device of a hybrid motor vehicle having an internal combustion engine and an electric motor, the control device
being configured for controlling the operation of the internal combustion engine and the electric motor of the motor vehicle,
wherein when a defined function for diagnosing a condition of the internal combustion engine has not been executed by the
control device because a defined operating state of the internal combustion engine has not occurred, the control device determines
an operating parameter of the internal combustion engine, and on the basis of the determined operating parameter, the control
device, in a temporally variable manner, selects one process from a plurality of processes for influencing the operating state
of the internal combustion engine,

wherein one of the processes includes changing the relative torques of the internal combustion engine and the electric motor
while maintaining a constant drive torque of the hybrid motor vehicle, and the control device carries out the selected process
based upon the determined operating parameter in order to facilitate eventual execution of the defined function for the diagnosing
the condition of the internal combustion engine.

US Pat. No. 9,331,368

BATTERY MODULE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A hybrid or electric motor vehicle having a battery module, comprising:
a cooling plate having opposite first and second longitudinal ends and opposite first and second surfaces extending between
the ends, first and second fins projecting respectively from the first and second surfaces of the cooling plate and extending
from the first longitudinal end to the second longitudinal end, each of the fins having opposite stop surfaces;

at least two first battery cells formed respectively with first plate engaging surfaces supported on the first surface of
the cooling plate on opposite sides of the first fin and further having first fin engaging surfaces supported respectively
against the opposite stop surfaces of the first fin; and

at least two second battery cells formed respectively with second plate engaging surfaces supported on the second surface
of the cooling plate on opposite sides of the second fin and further having second fin engaging surfaces supported respectively
against the opposite stop surfaces of the second fin, whereby the fins contribute to cooling and positioning the individual
battery cells.

US Pat. No. 9,227,502

MODULAR SYSTEM

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A plurality of drive trains for motor vehicles, the drive trains comprising identical internal combustion engines with
identical two-mass flywheels that have identical hubs, and identical transmissions spaced from the respective internal combustion
engines, the plurality of drive trains including:
at least one first drive train with a first transmission input shaft having a first output end connected directly to the transmission
of the first drive train and a first input end having a first hub connection connected directly to the hub of the two-mass
flywheel of the internal combustion engine of the first drive train; and

at least one second drive train with a second transmission input shaft having a second output end connected directly to the
transmission of the second drive train and a second input end, a hybrid module with an electric motor, the hybrid module having
an output end connected to the second input end of the second transmission input shaft and a hybrid-module input shaft with
a second hub connection substantially identical to the first hub connection, the second hub connection being connected to
the hub of the two-mass flywheel of the internal combustion engine of the second drive train.

US Pat. No. 9,428,956

DRIVE ARRANGEMENT

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A drive arrangement for actuating a roller sun blind of a motor vehicle, comprising:
an actuation rod with an upper end connected to the roller sun blind, a lower end opposite the upper end and an external thread
disposed at least adjacent to the lower end;

a hollow cylinder with opposite upper and lower ends positioned below the roller sun blind, an internal thread and external
toothing, the actuation rod being arranged coaxially in the hollow cylinder with the external thread of the actuation rod
meshing with the internal thread of the hollow cylinder so that rotation of the hollow cylinder relative to the actuation
rod displaces the actuation rod axially relative to the hollow cylinder so that the actuation rod is guided non-rotatably
from a retracted position where the lower end of the actuation rod is in proximity to the lower end of the hollow cylinder
to an extended position; and

a drive engaged with the external toothing of the hollow cylinder so that the hollow cylinder is rotated by the drive for
selectively moving the actuation rod relative to the hollow cylinder.

US Pat. No. 9,333,830

METHOD FOR OPERATING A STABILIZER ARRANGEMENT

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A method for operating at least one stabilizer arrangement which has two stabilizer modules arranged along an axle of a
motor vehicle and are acted on by an actuator, the method comprising the steps of:
determining at least one kinematic variable of each wheel of the axle, which is oriented in the vertical direction of the
axle, the at least one kinematic variable being based upon a vertical position of the wheel with respect to the axle,

determining a value for at least one pilot control parameter by a pilot control arrangement using a value of the at least
one kinematic variable,

supplying the value to a control cascade which comprises an angle control module, a rotational speed control module and a
power control module,

supplying a value for a power control for operating the actuator by the control cascade from the value for the at least one
pilot control parameter, which is dependent on the value of the at least one kinematic variable; and

operating the actuator based upon the value for power control.

US Pat. No. 9,126,590

METHOD FOR ADAPTING A CLUTCH

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A method for adapting torque that can be transmitted by a clutch of a motor vehicle having an internal combustion engine
and an electric motor for driving, having a pressure medium activation device that is driven by an actuator and has a pressure
medium link between a master cylinder and a slave cylinder for activating the clutch, the method comprising: disengaging the
clutch to achieve a first predefinable actuator position; determining a first pressure of the pressure medium activation device
at the first actuator position; changing the actuator position to a second actuator position; determining a second pressure
of the pressure medium activation device at the second actuator position; changing the actuator position until the first pressure
of the pressure medium activation device is re-achieved; determining a final actuator position when the first pressure of
the pressure medium activation device is re-achieved; comparing the first and final actuator position; and adapting a clutch
characteristic curve in accordance with any difference determined when comparing the first and final actuator positions.

US Pat. No. 9,481,400

BODY STRUCTURE FOR A FLOOR OF A MOTOR VEHICLE BODY

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A body structure for a floor of a vehicle body, comprising: planar sandwich components as floor panels, each sandwich component
having first and second panel-like extruded profiles located one on top of the other in a connecting position and formed respectively
with arrays of first and second opposing T-shaped ribs, the first T-shaped ribs being parallel to one another, the second
T-shaped ribs being parallel to one another and orthogonal to the first T-shaped ribs, the first T-shaped ribs being connected
to the second T-shaped ribs in the connecting position by interlocking elements on the T-shaped ribs.

US Pat. No. 9,376,016

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR INDICATING A DRIVING MODE CHANGE TO A DRIVER BY IDLE VEHICLE TRAVEL

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A method for operating a hybrid motor vehicle having at least one drive unit that includes an electric motor and an internal
combustion engine, the drive unit being actuated by an accelerator pedal and a control unit that stores characteristic curves
that associate driving mode with accelerator pedal travel, the method comprising:
sensing driver-generated accelerator pedal travel information;
using the characteristic curves stored in the control unit for determining a specific power requirement associated with the
accelerator pedal travel caused by the driver;

determining whether the specific power requirement determined by the accelerator pedal travel necessitates a defined action
to change a driving mode; and

providing a first haptic feedback signal to the driver in the form of idle travel of the vehicle defined in one of the characteristic
curves stored in the control unit so that there is no noticeable vehicle response when the necessitated change in driving
mode occurs during a first specified range of accelerator pedal positions, and providing a second haptic feedback signal to
the driver in the form of a sudden increase in pedal return force defined by one of the characteristic curves stored in the
control unit to generate a driver-perceptible increase in accelerator pedal resistance when the necessitated change in the
driving mode occurs during a second range of accelerator pedal positions, wherein the first and second haptic feedback signals
indicate to the driver that further driver-generated accelerator pedal travel will cause a change in the driving mode.

US Pat. No. 9,358,903

ADJUSTMENT ARRANGEMENT FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE SEAT

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. An adjustment arrangement for a seat of a motor vehicle, comprising:
a rail which is mounted displaceably in a longitudinal direction of the motor vehicle relative to a frame of the motor vehicle,
a seat support which forms a retainer for the seat, a connecting element which mechanically couples the seat support to the
rail, wherein a first section of the connecting element is mounted on the rail so as to be rotatable in a predefined pivoting
plane, wherein a second section of the connecting element is mounted on the seat support so as to be rotatable in the pivoting
plane, and wherein the connecting element is functionally rotatable relative to the seat support and/or to the rail up to
a predefined adjustment limit, and an absorber unit which is positioned to be contacted by the connecting element and compressed
between the connecting element and the rail to absorb kinetic energy introduced by the connecting element when the connecting
element exceeds the predefined adjustment limit as the seat support moves toward the rail, wherein the absorber unit is separated
from the connecting element along at least a portion of the predefined pivoting plane.

US Pat. No. 9,327,549

VEHICLE WHEEL RIM

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A vehicle wheel rim (1) having a wheel rim well (2) and having a wheel disk (16, 25, 37) comprising a first shell element (4, 5, 20, 21) and a second shell element (4, 5, 20, 21), wherein the wheel rim well (2) has a substantially axially extending region (3) and the first and second shell elements (4, 5, 20, 21) of the wheel disk (16, 25, 37) each have a substantially axially extending region (8, 9), wherein the wheel disk (16, 25, 37) and the wheel rim well (2) are connected to one another in the axially extending regions (3, 8, 9), and wherein the axially extending regions (3, 8, 9) generate a planar connecting surface between the wheel disk (16) and the wheel rim well (2).

US Pat. No. 9,435,429

ACTUATING DEVICE FOR AN AUTOMATED DUAL CLUTCH TRANSMISSION OF A MOTOR VEHICLE, AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING AN ACTUATING DEVICE OF SAID TYPE

DR. ING. H.C. F. PORSCHE ...

1. A method for controlling an actuating device for an automated dual clutch transmission of a motor vehicle drivetrain in
a manual-shift mode, the dual clutch transmission including a first transmission clutch with an adjoining first component
transmission and a second transmission clutch with an adjoining second component transmission, the method comprising:
providing the actuating device so as to include:
a first shift element disposed in a region of a steering column and configured to effect art upshift of the dual clutch transmission,
a second shift element disposed in the region of the steering column and configured to effect a downshift of the dual clutch
mechanism, simultaneous operation of the first and second shift elements being configured to effect idle operation of an engine
with at least one of the first transmission clutch and the second transmission clutch being open, the idle operation being
present only while the first and second shift elements are actuated, the first and second shift elements being configured
to transmit a torque with at least one of the first transmission clutch and the second transmission clutch being closed when
at least one of the first and second shift elements is released, and

a control device configured to initiate rotational speed adaptation of the engine as a function of an actuation of the first
and second shift elements;

transmitting torque, in an initial state of the dual clutch transmission, via the first transmission clutch to the first component
transmission, with the second transmission clutch being open;

actuating the first and second shift elements simultaneously, in a first step, by a driver so as to interrupt the transmitting
of torque; and

releasing the first and second shift elements, in a second step, so as to transmit torque via the first transmission clutch
to the first component transmission or via the second transmission clutch to the second component transmission, a rotational
speed of the engine being adapted by the control device based on the actuation of the shift elements, wherein in response
to the release of the first and second shift elements in a time offset manner, the control device provides rotational speed
adaptation of the engine with torque transmission via one of the transmission clutches to a respective one of the first and
second component transmissions.

US Pat. No. 9,128,003

DEVICE FOR DYNAMICALLY EXCITING A COMPONENT AND TEST STAND WITH SAME

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A device for dynamically exciting a chassis component of a motor vehicle, comprising:
an actuator with an actuator housing and a piston rod aligned substantially vertically and movably disposed in the actuator
housing, the piston rod having a lower end projecting from the actuator housing, the actuator housing being connected to a
test stand in a positionally fixed manner during operation and being adjustable relative to the test stand between operations;

a connecting element having upper and lower ends spaced apart along an extending direction, the lower end of the connecting
element being coupled to the lower end of the piston rod of the actuator in a substantially moment-free manner via a ball
and socket joint, a length dimension of the connecting element in the extending direction exceeding a vertical length of the
actuator; and

a coupling element coupled pivotably to the upper end of the connecting element for rotation about a single axis transverse
to the extending direction of the connecting element and being non-pivotable about other axes, the coupling element being
configured for connection to the component.

US Pat. No. 9,126,637

MOTOR VEHICLE REAR

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A motor vehicle rear for a motor vehicle,
comprising:
left and right longitudinal members forming a supporting structure of the motor vehicle;
a receiving housing arranged between the left and right longitudinal members for receiving a traction battery, the receiving
housing having left and right side walls running substantially in a forward direction of travel, and a back wall connected
to the left and right side walls and running substantially transverse to the forward direction of travel;

an impact profile connected to the left and right longitudinal members at a height level with the receiving housing for absorbing
impact energy in the event of a rear crash;

left and right reinforcing elements connecting the impact profile to the respective left and right side walls for reinforcing
the impact profile and conducting away some of the impact energy into the left and right side walls; and

left and right supporting stops provided in front of the respective left and right side walls in the forward direction of
travel for conducting away impact energy dissipated via the left and right side walls onto the supporting structure.

US Pat. No. 9,097,144

VALVE DRIVE ARRANGEMENT FOR ACTUATING GAS EXCHANGE VALVES OF AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A valve drive arrangement for actuating gas exchange valves of an internal combustion engine comprising:
a camshaft, on which first and second cam carriers are arranged on first and second toothed contact regions, respectively,
the first cam carrier being slidably mounted on the first toothed contact region of the camshaft and the second cam carrier
being press fit and fixedly mounted on the second toothed contact region of the camshaft,

the first cam carrier having at least one cam for actuating a gas exchange valve and the second cam carrier having at least
one cam for actuating an ancillary unit,

wherein the first contact toothed region has different geometric dimensions than the second toothed contact region such that,
upon assembling the valve drive arrangement, a toothed region of the second cam carrier is configured to pass over the first
toothed contact region of the camshaft without being impeded by the first contact toothed region for the first cam carrier
and then be press fit and fixedly mounted to the second toothed contact region of the camshaft.

US Pat. No. 9,275,501

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING AT LEAST ONE FUNCTION OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A method for controlling a function of a motor vehicle, the method comprising the steps of:
providing a motor vehicle, a first storage device, and a portable use module, the motor vehicle configured to include a first
communication module, and the first storage device being assigned to a first stationary location that is separate from the
motor vehicle;

providing a second communication module in at least one of the first storage device and the portable use module;
sensing whether the portable use module is within a predefined range of the first storage device;
after sensing that the portable use module is within a predefined range of the first storage device, sensing when the portable
use module is moved out of the predefined range of the first storage device; and

transmitting a control signal from the second communication module to the first communication module when the portable use
module is moved out of the predefined range of the first storage device;

wherein the control signal includes an instruction to control a function of the motor vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,121,560

MOTOR VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A motor vehicle having an electrical drive device, the motor vehicle comprising: at least one lighting device having at
least one diffusing lens and an oscillating coil mounted directly on the diffusing lens and causing the diffusing lens to
oscillate in a specified manner for generating noise.

US Pat. No. 9,376,087

FRONT MODULE OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A front module of a motor vehicle, comprising:
a vehicle front-side air guiding element for a vehicle radiator having a vertical portion with an air passage opening and
a horizontal plate projecting forward from a lower end of the vertical portion in a longitudinal direction of the motor vehicle,
at least one fastening lug hinged integrally at a front part of the horizontal plate, the at least one fastening lug having
a hole extending therethrough in the longitudinal direction of the motor vehicle; and

a foam crash element positioned above the horizontal plate, at least one bearing pin projecting forward from the foam crash
element and inserted through the hole in the at least one fastening lug to fasten the foam crash element to the air guiding
element.

US Pat. No. 9,283,999

MOTOR VEHICLE WITH A REAR DIFFUSER

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A motor vehicle, comprising:
an underbody extending rearward from a position in proximity to a rear axle of the vehicle in a substantially horizontal plane;
and

a diffuser extending rearward from the underbody and including:
a positionally fixed front part having a front end connected to the underbody and a rear end spaced rearward from the front
end, the positionally fixed front part of the diffuser being curved up from the front end to the rear end thereof, and

a movable rear part pivotally connected to the rear end of the front part with a pivoting connection that prevents air flow
on an upper side of the diffuser while permitting a pivoting movement about a transverse positionally fixed axis of rotation,
the movable rear part being pivotable between an upwardly pivoted operative position where the movable rear part extends up
from the positionally fixed front part and a downwardly operative position where the movable rear part of the diffuser is
at a reflex angle with respect to the upwardly curved positionally fixed front part of the diffuser.

US Pat. No. 9,150,179

DEFORMATION ELEMENT

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A deformation element for impact protection in a motor vehicle, the deformation element comprising: at least one deformable
side wall with multiple juxtaposed deformable sections, the deformation element defining a profile part with at least one
deformable side leg having first and second ends, a transverse web at the first end of the side leg and an angled support
at the second end of the side leg, the side leg defining an accordion-like wall with z-shaped deformation folds divided at
least into vertical sections that are juxtaposed in a longitudinal direction of the element and that are connected to one
another in sections.

US Pat. No. 9,145,065

MOTOR VEHICLE WITH AN ELECTRICAL ENERGY STORAGE AND POWER ELECTRONICS

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A motor vehicle having a structure for accommodating an electrical energy storage and having power electronics for an electric
machine of the motor vehicle, that the structure comprising:
a frame having opposite top and bottom ends and an opening penetrating through the frame from the top end to the bottom end,
the frame defining a ring extending around an outer periphery of the electrical energy storage and supporting the electrical
energy storage in the vehicle;

upper and lower lids being mounted to the frame and enclosing the electrical energy storage from the top and bottom;
the power electronics being integrated into the structure and mounted to an external surface of one wall of the frame; and
a cooling section mounted to the external surface of the wall of the frame and positioned adjacent the power electronics.

US Pat. No. 9,104,225

ACTUATING DEVICE FOR A STEERING WHEEL

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. An actuating device having two control levers which are connected to and rotate conjointly with a steering wheel of a motor
vehicle, wherein a first control lever of the two control levers is configured for performing gearshifts in a transmission
and a second control lever of the two control levers is configured for switching functional elements of the vehicle, wherein
the first control lever is configured as a gearshift paddle and is arranged above the second control lever for the functional
elements, and the second control lever is connected to the first control lever so as to perform a relative movement with respect
thereto in a foot region of the actuating device.

US Pat. No. 9,452,744

PEDAL FORCE SIMULATOR AND BRAKE SYSTEM

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A pedal force simulator for a hydraulic brake system of a vehicle, the pedal force simulator comprising: a simulator chamber;
a simulator piston that can be moved along a working path in the simulator chamber, the simulator piston being moved along
the working path from an initial position with increasing deflection of a brake pedal of the brake system; and a line arrangement
by which the simulator chamber can be brought into fluid communication with a pressure chamber of a brake cylinder of the
hydraulic brake system, the line arrangement including a main line and a secondary line connected in parallel with the main
line, the main line and the secondary line opening into the simulator chamber independently of one another, the line arrangement
having a valve arrangement with a throttling effect that is dependent on a position of the simulator piston along the working
path, the valve arrangement comprising a main valve in the main line, and a secondary valve in the secondary line, wherein
the secondary line is in fluid communication with the simulator chamber when the simulator piston is in proximity to the initial
position thereof, and the fluid communication between the secondary line and the simulator chamber is blocked when the simulator
piston is moved along the working path by a predetermined distance.

US Pat. No. 9,409,579

METHOD FOR MONITORING A DOOR CONTACT SWITCH OF A DRIVER'S DOOR OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

DR. ING. H.C. F. PORSCHE ...

1. A method for monitoring a door contact switch of a driver's door of a motor vehicle in an idle state, the method comprising:
detecting an unlocking of the driver's door of the motor vehicle using a control device,
detecting whether a change in a door contact signal of the door contact switch takes place after the unlocking of the driver's
door,

initializing a counter (P) if a change in the door contact signal has been detected, otherwise
detecting whether a drive unit of the motor vehicle is activated using the control device, and
establishing a “door contact implausible” state associated with a corresponding suspected fault of the door contact switch
and incrementing a variable of the counter (P) using the control device if the activation of the drive unit has been detected
in step d); and

evaluating, using the control device, the variable of the counter (P) so as to determine a defect in the door contact switch
based on a magnitude of the variable.

US Pat. No. 9,254,873

IMPACT ELEMENT AND SUPPORTING FRAME FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. An impact element for a motor vehicle, with a flat body formed from a rigid material and having connecting sections on
one side to fix the body to a supporting frame of the motor vehicle, the body having a gas-tight chamber with at least one
opening that fills the chamber with compressed air and an impact plate formed on a side of the body opposite the connecting
sections.

US Pat. No. 9,175,633

ENGINE STARTING METHOD

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. An engine starting method for an internal combustion engine of a motor vehicle having an internal combustion engine and
having at least one electric motor as a drive motor, wherein the internal combustion engine and the electric motor are arranged
on a common shaft, wherein the internal combustion engine and/or the electric motor can introduce torque into a transmission
arranged downstream in the drivetrain, and a separating clutch is provided between the internal combustion engine and the
electric motor, having the steps:
a. increasing the torque of the electric motor,
b. increasing the rotational speed of the electric motor and setting slip conditions at least one clutch of the downstream
transmission,

c. engaging the separating clutch to a transmissible torque greater than a reserve torque of the electric motor and no greater
than a maximum transmissible torque, thereby decreasing the rotational speed of the electric motor and increasing a rotational
speed of the internal combustion engine,

d. reducing the transmissible torque of the separating clutch while maintaining the rotational speed of the electric motor
constant when the rotational speed of the internal combustion engine has at least substantially reached the ignition rotational
speed,

e. starting the internal combustion engine, disengaging the separating clutch, and ending the slip conditions of the at least
one clutch of the downstream transmission,

f. ending the increase of the torque of the electric motor when starting the internal combustion engine, and
g. closing the separating clutch when the rotational speed of the internal combustion engine equals the rotational speed of
the electric motor.

US Pat. No. 9,121,342

CLIMATICALLY CONTROLLED BOX

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A motor vehicle, comprising:
a drive device for providing drive power for driving the vehicle;
a passenger compartment; and
a self-sufficient climate control box that can be operated without consuming any of the drive power of the drive device for
driving the vehicle, the self-sufficient climate control box communicating with the passenger compartment for controlling
climate in the passenger compartment, the climate control box comprising:

an internal combustion engine in the climate control box;
a generator in the climate control box and being driven by the internal combustion engine;
a heating device in the climate control box and being selectively in communication with at least one of the internal combustion
engine and the generator for selectively heating the passenger compartment; and

a cooling device in the climate control box and being selectively driven by the internal combustion engine or the generator,
wherein the climate control box enables climate control of the passenger compartment without diverting drive power from the
drive device for driving the vehicle, and wherein the climate control box has a volume that is smaller than or equal to half
a cubic meter.

US Pat. No. 9,469,355

MOTOR VEHICLE WITH AN ADJUSTABLE AIR-GUIDING ELEMENT

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A motor vehicle with a vehicle rear, a rear wheel and an underbody or an underbody covering extending to the vehicle rear,
the underbody or the underbody covering rising toward the vehicle rear to define a diffuser, the diffuser having a front end
rearward of the rear wheel and a rear end at the vehicle rear and defining a diffuser length extending from the front end
to the rear end of the diffuser, the motor vehicle comprising: at least one adjustable air-guiding element having a front
edge spaced rearward of the front end of the diffuser by a distance at least equal to one-half the diffuser length and a rear
edge in proximity to the vehicle rear and substantially adjacent the underbody or the underbody covering, and a holding and
adjustment device connected to the air-guiding element and being configured for extending the air-guiding element from an
upper rest position substantially adjacent the diffuser down toward a ground contact area on which the vehicle is supported,
the holding and adjustment device further being configured for moving the air guiding element into a plurality of operative
positions by pivoting the air-guiding element about an axis of rotation arranged substantially in a center of the air-guiding
element and running transverse to a direction of travel.

US Pat. No. 9,174,625

METHOD FOR OPERATING A HYBRID DRIVE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A method for operating a hybrid drive having an internal combustion engine and having an electric machine that can be coupled
in terms of drive to the internal combustion engine, and having a heatable catalytic converter through which exhaust gas of
the internal combustion engine flows, the method comprising:
starting the electric machine;
measuring a temperature at the catalytic converter;
using the electric machine to operate an electric heater upstream of the catalytic converter while operating the electric
machine to drive the internal combustion engine without fuel injection and without combustion in a catalytic converter cold
phase in which the catalytic converter has not yet reached a desired operating temperature so that the electric machine causes
the internal combustion engine to pump a flow of air without fuel through the internal combustion engine without having the
internal combustion engine heat the air;

directing the flow of air from the internal combustion engine to the electric heater;
heating the air at the electric heater and pumping a flow of heated air to the catalytic converter for heating the catalytic
converter before the internal combustion engine is started;

using the electric machine in a driving phase and simultaneously stopping operation of the electric heater upstream of the
catalytic converter and stopping operation of the electric machine to drive the internal combustion engine without combustion
in the electric machine driving phase;

again using the electric machine for driving the internal combustion engine without fuel injection and without combustion
and heating the catalytic converter during each subsequent standstill phase or during any recuperation phase if the catalytic
converter is not at the desired operating temperature; and

stopping operation of the electric heater and stopping operation of the electric machine to drive the internal combustion
engine without combustion during each subsequent electric machine driving phase.

US Pat. No. 9,114,801

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

DR. ING. H.C. F. PORSCHE ...

1. A method for controlling an internal combustion engine of a motor vehicle, the method comprising:
interrupting a fuel supply in an overrun mode of the motor vehicle above a switch-off rotational speed of the internal combustion
engine;

switching the fuel supply on again when a starting rotational speed (n1) is reached or undershot;
detecting a brake pressure gradient of a brake system of the motor vehicle; and
varying the starting rotational speed (n1) as a function of the brake pressure gradient.

US Pat. No. 9,045,086

EXTERIOR MIRROR FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. An exterior mirror for a motor vehicle, the motor vehicle having a vehicle door with a cavity inside the vehicle door,
the exterior mirror comprising a mirror foot lower part disposed in the cavity inside the vehicle door and fastened to a support
in the cavity of the vehicle door; a mirror foot upper part having an outer section external of the vehicle door and an inner
section in the cavity, a mirror head attached to the outer section of the mirror foot upper part, the inner section of the
mirror foot upper part being held on the mirror foot lower part via a multi-point mounting that comprises three bearings on
the inner section of the mirror foot upper part engaged respectively with three mating bearings on the mirror foot lower part,
the bearings and the mating bearings being held pressed together by a leaf spring that is fastened to the inner section of
the mirror foot upper part, so that, in a connecting position, the leaf spring engages over a wall section of the mirror foot
lower part, and a separating plane being defined by the mountings between the mirror foot lower part and the mirror foot upper
part so that the mirror foot upper part and the mirror head are separable along the separating plane from the mirror foot
lower part that is fastened in the cavity of the vehicle door.

US Pat. No. 9,434,360

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR PREVENTING A STATIONARY VEHICLE FROM ROLLING AWAY

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A method for preventing a stationary vehicle from rolling away, comprising the steps of actuating a brake pedal to bring
the vehicle to a stationary state, and afterward actuating the brake pedal again to activate a holding mode, wherein at least
one wheel brake device of the vehicle is activated in the holding mode in order to generate a braking force in such a way
that the vehicle is held in the stationary state, and detecting at least one physical variable which represents the subsequent
actuation of the brake pedal, wherein the holding mode is activated if a gradient of at least one detected physical variable
exceeds an activation threshold value.

US Pat. No. 9,216,627

TORSION BEAM FOR AN ANTI-ROLL BAR OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A torsion beam for an anti-roll bar of a motor vehicle, having a main body which is produced from a fiber composite component,
and at least one non-metallic bearing layer which is applied on the main body in order to form one sliding bearing side of
an anti-roll bar bearing, wherein the anti-roll bar bearing has a rubber body which makes sliding contact with the bearing
layer of the torsion beam and is made from an elastomeric material.

US Pat. No. 9,102,219

WIND DEFLECTOR

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A wind deflector for a roof opening of a motor vehicle, comprising: a receptacle; a first deployable segment; two links
between the first deployable segment and the receptacle, each link having a first end connected pivotally to the first segment
and a second end connected pivotally to the receptacle, a second segment arranged substantially parallel to the first segment,
the second deployable segment being connected pivotally to each of the two links at a central region of the respective link.

US Pat. No. 9,505,441

SUPPORTING FRAME FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A supporting frame for a motor vehicle, the motor vehicle having opposite first and second longitudinal ends spaced apart
along a longitudinal direction of the motor vehicle, an electric driving unit in proximity to the first longitudinal end and
a traction battery between the electric driving unit and the second longitudinal end, the supporting frame comprising:
first and second parallel longitudinal members oriented in the longitudinal direction of the motor vehicle and forming part
of a body of the motor vehicle, each of the first and second longitudinal members having an end in proximity to the first
longitudinal end of the motor vehicle;

first and second longitudinal struts at least partially oriented in the longitudinal direction and each having a first end
fixed to a contact section of the first or second longitudinal members at the end of the respective longitudinal member, each
of the first and second longitudinal struts further having a second end opposite the first end;

an impact plate opposed to and substantially adjacent the traction battery of the motor vehicle and between the traction battery
and the electric driving unit, the impact plate being connected to the second ends of the longitudinal struts to form a load
path between the respective contact sections of the longitudinal members and the traction battery, the impact plate having
a plurality of side edges and opposite front and rear surfaces inward of the side edges, each of the front and rear surfaces
defining an area substantially larger than an area defined by any of the side edges, the front and rear surfaces of the impact
plate extending substantially perpendicular to the longitudinal direction so that impact energy in an event of a collision
is transmitted via the longitudinal struts and the impact plate to the traction battery, thereby stiffening the motor vehicle
at locations in proximity to the first end of the motor vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,409,479

SETTING DEVICE FOR MOTOR VEHICLE ASSISTANCE FUNCTION UNITS AND STEERING COLUMN LEVER OPERATOR CONTROL ASSEMBLY

DR. ING. H.C. F. PORSCHE ...

1. A setting device for setting assistance function units that influence the speed of a motor vehicle, the setting device
comprising:
an individual switching operator control unit for setting at least three assistance function units, wherein the assistance
function units influence the speed of the motor vehicle, the at least three assistance function units being selected from
a group consisting of a speed maintaining assistance function unit, a predictive distance control assistance function unit,
a speed limiting assistance function unit, and an uphill or downhill travel assistance function unit; and

a control unit configured to:
monitor the actuation of the individual switching operator control unit,
select one of the assistance function units when the individual switching operator control unit is activated,
monitor the activation of an operator control assembly that has at least two function operator control units, and
assign, at least partially, a respective operator control function that is specific to the selected assistance function unit
to each of the at least two function operator control units as a function of the selected, assistance function unit.

US Pat. No. 9,199,527

DRIVE TRAIN OF A PURELY ELECTRICALLY ALL-WHEEL DRIVABLE MOTOR VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A drive train of a purely electrically drivable motor vehicle, comprising:
a first axle with a first differential having a first differential housing;
a second axle with a second differential having a second differential housing;
at least one electric machine disposed so that the first axle is between the at least one electric machine and the second
axle, the at least one electric machine being configured for driving at least the first axle, the at least one electric machine
being arranged transversely with respect to a forward direction of travel of the motor vehicle and being connected to the
first axle of the drive train via a spur gearing;

first and second crown wheels disposed respectively on the first and second differential housings; and
a shaft having first and second ends provided respectively with first and second pinions that are engageable respectively
with the first and second crown wheels on the first and second differential housings, wherein the shaft is selectively incorporated
into the drive train for achieving all-wheel drive of the vehicle without reconfiguring remaining components of the drive
train.

US Pat. No. 9,174,679

VEHICLE WITH A DEFLECTION DEVICE, AND DEFLECTION DEVICE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A vehicle, comprising:
a passenger cell;
front longitudinal members extending forward from the passenger cell;
an engine compartment between the front longitudinal members;
a drive unit in the engine compartment; and
a deflection device for a partially overlapping frontal collision of the vehicle with a barrier, the deflection device having
deflection elements fastened respectively to the front longitudinal members and rotatable relative to the respective front
longitudinal members about vertical axes of rotation, so that, in the event of the partially overlapping frontal collision,
the respective deflection element is rotated relative to the respective front longitudinal member by collision with the barrier
from an inoperative position, in which the deflection element extends in a longitudinal direction of the respective front
longitudinal member, into a collision position relative to the respective front longitudinal member so that a first portion
of the deflection element projects into the engine compartment and at least partially converts a longitudinal pulse from the
frontal collision that acts toward the passenger cell, into a transverse pulse that acts toward the drive unit.

US Pat. No. 9,073,387

DEVICE FOR SECURING A WHEEL NUT ON A WHEEL HUB OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A device for securing a wheel nut on a wheel hub of a motor vehicle, wherein the device is a securing cover comprising:
cylindrical flange region that rests at least over an end of a hollow axle stub,
a cylindrical extension, which extends from the flange region in a direction of the hollow axle stub, the cylindrical extension
is provided with an external thread and interacts with an internal thread arranged in the hollow axle stub of the wheel hub,
and

at least one sealing element, which is arranged in a corresponding recess, is provided on the circumferential surface of the
cylindrical extension, and the sealing element creates a seal between the device and a bearing surface on the inner surface
of the hollow axle stub,

wherein an inside diameter of the bearing surface is greater than an outside diameter of a contact region of the cylindrical
extension at a location adjacent the sealing element.

US Pat. No. 9,562,509

METHOD FOR REGULATING AN IGNITION TIME

DR. ING. H.C. F. PORSCHE ...

1. A method for regulating an ignition time for combustion processes of an internal combustion engine, the method comprising:
determining an ignition angle for a combustion process as a function of selected operating parameter of the internal combustion
engine, based on a characteristic diagram and as a function of a knocking limit offset,

wherein the knocking limit offset depends on the selected operating parameter of the internal combustion engine, and
wherein the knocking limit offset for an operating point of the internal combustion engine is adapted using a learning method,
wherein the knocking limit offset is changed during the learning method until the knocking limit is reached, and wherein a
most recent value of the knocking limit offset, before the knocking limit for the operating point is reached, is stored as
the knocking limit offset in the characteristic diagram.

US Pat. No. 9,120,436

ROOF SHELL STRUCTURE FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A roof shell structure for a motor vehicle, comprising:
an outer shell;
an inner roof lining;
an inner shell arranged between the outer shell and the inner roof lining, the inner shell having a substantially central
opening; and

a sound absorption element connected to the inner shell and covering the central opening, the sound absorption element having
a depression projecting into the opening.

US Pat. No. 9,102,233

DRIVETRAIN OF A PURELY ELECTRICALLY DRIVEABLE MOTOR VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A drivetrain of a purely electrically driveable motor vehicle, having at least one electric machine, a transmission, a
planetary-type differential and an axle, wherein the axle is driven by the at least one electric machine via the transmission
and the differential, the planetary-type differential having an input connected to the at least one electric machine and first
and second outputs, the first output being connected to a first axle section of the axle and the second output being connected
to a second axle section of the axle, wherein the axes of rotation of input and the outputs of a planetary gear set of the
differential form an intermediate axis arranged between an axis of a rotor of the at least one electric machine and the axle.

US Pat. No. 9,248,864

BODY STRUCTURE HAVING A ROOF RAIL

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A body structure of a motor vehicle, having a side part, having a vehicle roof, having a fastening device which acts on
an underside of the vehicle roof, and having a roof rail which is mounted on an upper side of the vehicle roof via a plurality
of mounting elements, characterized in that
a plurality of hollow rivets extend through the fastening device, which is configured as a reinforcing element for the vehicle
roof, and the vehicle roof;

the roof rail is fastened to the upper side of the vehicle roof via the mounting elements in such a way that a threaded section
of each mounting element extends through in each case one of the hollow rivets and protrudes out of the respective hollow
rivet, a nut acting on that threaded section of the respective mounting element which protrudes out of the hollow rivet.

US Pat. No. 9,096,143

TEMPERATURE CONTROL SYSTEM FOR A DRIVE DEVICE OF A MOTOR VEHICLE, METHOD FOR OPERATING SUCH A TEMPERATURE CONTROL SYSTEM AND MOTOR VEHICLE HAVING SUCH A TEMPERATURE CONTROL SYSTEM

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A temperature control system for a drive device of a motor vehicle, comprising:
a first temperature control circuit, which is coupled to an electric drive apparatus of the drive device;
a second temperature control circuit, which is separate from the first temperature control circuit and is coupled to an electric
energy store of the drive device; and

a heat exchanger for selectively transferring heat between the first temperature control circuit and the second temperature
control circuit,

wherein the first and second temperature control circuits each have switching valves for selectively bypassing a temperature
control fluid around the heat exchanger.

US Pat. No. 9,116,075

METHOD FOR CHECKING A FUNCTION OF AN OUTLET VALVE

DR. ING. H.C. F. PORSCHE ...

1. A method for checking a function of an outlet valve of an internal combustion engine, the method comprising:
controlling an outlet valve so as to have variable timing;
sensing an exhaust gas pressure in an exhaust section of the internal combustion engine;
comparing the sensed exhaust gas pressure with a comparison value so as to provide a comparison result; and
evaluating the function of the outlet valve as a function of the comparison result.

US Pat. No. 9,303,452

ARRANGEMENT FOR A ROLLER BLIND

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. An arrangement for retracting and extending a roller blind web that has a first longitudinal edge and a second longitudinal
edge that is shorter than and opposite to the first longitudinal edge, comprising:
a cassette;
a shaft rotatably mounted in the cassette, the first longitudinal edge of the roller blind being fixed on the shaft so that
the roller blind web can be wound around and unwound from the shaft into and out of the cassette in a direction transverse
to the shaft;

an end strip movable relative to the cassette, the end strip including a housing and the second longitudinal edge of the roller
blind being connected to the end strip;

a first gearwheel with a first diameter and a second gearwheel with a second diameter being arranged in the housing of the
end strip and being rotatable about a common shaft, the second diameter being smaller than the first diameter; and

first and second telescopic arms arranged in the housing and being provided respectively with first and second racks that
are engaged respectively with the first and second gearwheels so that the first telescopic arm can roll along the first gearwheel
and move relative to the housing by a first distance in a first direction and so that the second telescopic arm can simultaneously
roll along the second gearwheel and move relative to the housing by a second distance in a second direction opposite to the
first direction, with the first distance being greater than the second distance by an amount that is a function of a difference
between the first and second diameters.

US Pat. No. 9,145,044

ROOF ARRANGEMENT, AND METHOD FOR MOUNTING A ROOF ARRANGEMENT FOR A CABRIOLET VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A roof arrangement for a cabriolet vehicle, the roof arrangement being movable from a closed position into an open position,
comprising:
a rear window arrangement with a non-planar rear window having a front edge defining a downwardly concave U-shape and a lower
edge defining a forwardly concave U-shape, the front edge and the lower edge meeting at a lower front corners and an enclosing
frame, the enclosing frame including a front frame element that surrounds and fixedly engages the front edge of the rear window,
a lower frame element that surrounds and fixedly engages the lower edge of the rear window, and connecting elements that connect
respective ends of the front and the lower frame elements at the lower front corners of the rear window; and

a lower roof element connected to the lower frame element of the rear window arrangement.

US Pat. No. 9,428,229

AIR GUIDING DEVICE FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. An air guiding device of a motor vehicle, comprising: an air guiding element in a region of a forward structure of the
motor vehicle and extending completely or partially over a width of the motor vehicle, and an actuating element for displacing
the air guiding element between an extended operating position in which an outer contour of the air guiding element has an
aerodynamic air guiding effect, and a retracted inoperative position, in which the air guiding element has substantially no
aerodynamic air guiding effect, the air guiding element being formed at least in certain portions from an elastically deformable
sheet-like element with an outer contour that can be brought into a shape that ensures laminar flow guidance.

US Pat. No. 9,221,467

DETERMINING THE INSTALLATION LOCATION OF A WHEEL SENSOR

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A method for determining an installation location of a wheel sensor on a wheel of a motor vehicle, wherein the method comprises:
sampling a transverse acceleration signal of the wheel sensor;
comparing the transverse acceleration signal of the wheel sensor, which is received, with a transverse acceleration signal
of the motor vehicle, and

determining that the wheel sensor is located on a steerable axle of the motor vehicle if the transverse acceleration signal
of the wheel sensor differs from the transverse acceleration signal of the motor vehicle, wherein the motor vehicle comprises
a steerable front axle and a nonsteerable rear axle and it is determined that the wheel sensor is located on the front axle
if the transverse acceleration signals differ from one another and on the rear axle if the transverse acceleration signals
correspond to one another.

US Pat. No. 9,227,670

MOUNT FOR AN ELECTRICAL OR ELECTRONIC COMPONENT IN AN ENGINE COMPARTMENT OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A mount for a power electronics component of a hybrid or electric motor vehicle in an engine compartment of the motor vehicle,
the power electronics component having opposite side walls that face away from one another and defining a width of the power
electronics component, the power electronics component further having a rear surface, the motor vehicle having a motor vehicle
splashboard that separates the engine compartment from a passenger compartment of the motor vehicle, the mount comprising:
a suspension cross brace mounted in the engine compartment forward of the splashboard and having a specified length in a lateral
direction of the vehicle;

first and second spaced apart suspension cross-brace bearings extending from the suspension cross-brace at positions laterally
of the power electronics component and coupled to the opposite side walls of the power electronics component to suspend the
power electronics component from a symmetrical position along the length of the suspension cross-brace; and

at least one splashboard bearing for mounting the rear surface of the power electronics component to a forward facing surface
of the motor vehicle splashboard and at a position rearward of the suspension cross brace and the suspension cross brace bearings.

US Pat. No. 9,461,524

ELECTRIC MACHINE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

5. An electric machine supplied with air for cooling, the air being heated during operation of the electric machine and being
removed as exhaust air, comprising:
a rotor;
a fan wheel coupled to the rotor, the fan wheel being a precise metal part and having first and second supporting rings connected
to one another, the first and second supporting rings having identical inside diameters and/or identical outside diameters,
and circumferentially spaced air guiding elements formed from steel and extending between the first and second supporting
rings and the air guiding elements being configured for transmitting cooling air to the electric machine; and

an inductive sensor device opposed to the air guiding elements and configured for receiving signals transmitted from the air-guiding
elements to determine the rotational speed of the electric machine.

US Pat. No. 10,029,578

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SETTING UP AN ON-BOARD CHARGER IN AN ELECTRICALLY DRIVEN VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A method for configuring on-board chargers in an electrically-driven vehicle, the method comprising the steps of:querying a proxy resistor of a charging socket of the vehicle to determine if the presence of the proxy resistor is detectable with respect to a first on-board chargers, the proxy resistor adapted for use to detect when a charging plug is attached to the charging socket of the vehicle for enabling electrical power to be delivered to the vehicle;
querying the proxy resistor to determine if the presence of the proxy resistor is detectable with respect to a second on-board charger, wherein the proxy resistor is configured such that the presence of the proxy resistor is detectable by one of the first on-board charger or the second on-board charger;
configuring the first on-board charger as a master on-board charger if the presence of the proxy resistor is detectable with respect to the first on-board charger; and
configuring the second on-board charger as a slave on-board charger if the presence of the proxy resistor is not detectable with respect to the second on-board charger.

US Pat. No. 10,081,265

CIRCUIT SYSTEM FOR A CHARGING STATION, CHARGING STATION AND USE OF A CHARGING STATION

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A circuit system for a charging station which is configured to charge an energy store in a vehicle, the circuit system comprising a transformer with transformer output circuit groups, the transformer output circuits of each transformer output circuit group DC-isolated from one another, each transformer output circuit of the transformer output circuit group being a delta circuit or a star circuit, a first subsystem connected to a first of the transformer output circuits in a transformer output circuit group and a second subsystem connected to a second of the transformer output circuits of the transformer output circuit group, the first subsystem comprising a first rectifier and the second subsystem comprising a second rectifier DC-isolated from the first rectifier, each rectifier having a DC-DC converter connected upstream of that rectifier, the DC-DC converters coupled to a changeover logic unit on an input side of the changeover logic unit or on an output side of the changeover logic unit.

US Pat. No. 10,071,767

FLOOR STRUCTURE OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A floor structure of a motor vehicle, comprising:a vehicle floor;
a central tunnel having opposite first and second lateral sides extending in a longitudinal direction of the motor vehicle and being connected to the vehicle floor;
first and second cast bridges extending in the longitudinal direction and being inserted into the floor structure on the opposite first and second lateral sides of the central tunnel in a direction normal to the longitudinal direction, the first and second cast bridges being fixed respectively to the opposite first and second lateral sides of the central tunnel;
a tunnel bridge extending across a region of the central tunnel that is open in a direction of the vehicle floor, the tunnel bridge having opposed first and second lateral sides fastened respectively to the first and second cast bridges and having opposite front and rear ends;
first and second seat crossmembers disposed respectively on the opposite first and second lateral sides of the central tunnel, the first and second seat crossmembers being fixed respectively to the first and second cast bridges and extending longitudinally to positions forward and rearward of the front and rear ends of the tunnel bridge; and
first and second profiled bodies spaced from one another on opposite sides of the central tunnel and fastened respectively to the first and second cast bridges, the first and second profiled bodies extending forward from the first and second cast bridges in a direction oblique to the longitudinal direction, wherein the connection of cast bridges with the tunnel bridge and the seat crossmembers stiffen the downwardly open tunnel region in a side-on collision and the connection of the profiled bodies to the cast bridges accommodate longitudinal loads in the event of a front-on collision.

US Pat. No. 9,045,131

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING A DRIVE TRAIN OF A HYBRID VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A method for controlling a drive train of a hybrid vehicle, which can be driven by an internal combustion engine, respectively
individually or together with an electric machine, which comprises an electrical energy store, power electronics and a motor/generator
unit; wherein, depending on a first or second position of an operator control, the drive train is operated in a first operating
mode corresponding to a high performance boost preparatory phase or in a second operating mode corresponding to a high performance
boost phase; the method comprising the steps of:
activating the first operating mode, wherein, in the first operating mode, the internal combustion engine is operated, the
electrical energy store is charged by operating the motor/generator unit as a generator, and the electric machine is cooled,
at least in certain areas, by an air conditioning device to increase a thermal storage capacity of the electric machine in
preparation for activation of the second operating mode; and

activating the second operating mode, wherein, in the second operating mode, a boost function of the electric machine is activated
by operating the motor/generator unit of the cooled electric machine, together with the internal combustion engine, as a motor,
to achieve a greater operating power during the high performance boost phase than during the high performance boost preparatory
phase.

US Pat. No. 9,045,032

DRIVE TRAIN OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A drive train of a motor vehicle, comprising a front axle, a rear axle, an internal combustion engine positioned behind
the front axle and in front of the rear axle in a mid-engine arrangement, a double-clutch transmission by means of which the
internal combustion engine drives the rear axle, an electric drive operably connected to the front axle and comprising at
least first and second electric machines by means of which the front axle can be driven, and the rear axle being operably
connected to another electric drive having at least a third electric machine integrated into the double-clutch transmission
and by means of which the rear axle can be driven in addition to or as an alternative to the internal combustion engine, wherein
the double-clutch transmission, by means of which the internal combustion engine and the third electric machine drive the
rear axle, is seated on the rear axle and is a longitudinal transmission with two transmission input shafts that are substantially
perpendicular to the rear axle.

US Pat. No. 9,669,598

VEHICLE TOP

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A production method for a top cloth with a number of layers for a top of a vehicle, the method comprising the steps of:
providing a piping, a top cloth, and a binding band, each of the piping, the top cloth and the binding band having spaced
apart first and second edges, the second edge of the piping including a piping core;

layering the piping, the top cloth, and binding band together so that the first edges of the piping, the top cloth, and the
binding band are substantially aligned, and at least a portion of the binding band is flush with the piping;

sewing the binding band to an outer surface of the piping and the top cloth in proximity to a border of the layers of the
top cloth and thereby forming a seam;

folding the binding band approximately 180 degrees over to form a first fold adjacent the piping core so that a portion of
the binding band adjacent the first fold overlies the seam and the first fold has a thickness that is smaller than a diameter
of the piping;

folding the binding band around the first edges of the piping, the top cloth, and the binding band to form second and third
bends of approximately 90 degrees each; and

connecting the binding band to an inner surface of the top cloth so that the seam is concealed by the binding band.

US Pat. No. 9,802,649

BODY PART OF A VEHICLE

DR. ING. H.C. F. PORSCHE ...

1. A body part of a vehicle, the body part comprising:
a deformation component;
a connecting component that is fastened to an end portion of the deformation component, the connecting component having a
contact surface; and

a structural component having a mating contact surface,
wherein, in a first state of the body part, a spacing is formed between the contact surface of the connecting component and
the mating contact surface of the structural component,

wherein, when the spacing is formed between the contact surface of the connecting element and the mating contact surface of
the structural component, the connecting component is not connected to the structural component, and

wherein, in the event of a crash, the contact surface of the connecting component is configured to come into contact with
the mating contact surface of the structural component to form force-transmitting contact between the connecting component
and the structural component.

US Pat. No. 9,587,734

OPERATOR CONTROL ELEMENT

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. An operator control element (1) for selecting and setting a driving mode of the vehicle, wherein a rotational element (2) on the steering wheel of the vehicle, which rotational element can rotate infinitely and which can be rotated infinitely
both in the clockwise direction and in the counter clockwise direction, is provided with a sensing element (3) which detects the rotation of the rotational element (2) and the stationary position of the rotational element, wherein the rotation of the rotational element can be sensed by counting
the rotational steps, wherein a position and sequence of the rotational steps is assigned to each selectable driving mode,
with the result that the driving modes can be selected by rotating the rotational element to a stationary position and by
counting the rotational steps when the rotational direction is detected, wherein:
each selectable driving mode is assigned an LED display (4, 5, 6, 7), which can be activated when the corresponding mode is selected;

four driving modes can be selected, said driving modes being e-drive mode (E), hybrid mode (H), sport hybrid mode (s), and
racing hybrid mode (R), wherein for each mode the display is arranged at a 90° intervals with respect to the adjacent displays,
at 12 o'clock, 3 o'clock, 6 o'clock, and 9 o'clock positions, respectively;

the rotational element (2) is a rotational ring and an activation element (9) for activating an additional acceleration mode or a boost mode is provided in the center of the rotational ring;

the displays (4, 5, 6, 7) are arranged radially inside the rotational ring;

evaluation electronics are provided as a control unit (10) that determines the rotational direction and the number of the rotational steps and/or, if appropriate, determines the selected
driving mode, and selected drive mode, the rotational direction, and/or the rotation steps are output as data signals via
a data bus (12) comprising a LIN bus or a CAN bus to a further electronic unit (11); and

the rotation of the rotational element (2) or of the rotational ring is latched with a predefined rotational step increment, and the latching corresponds to a number
N of steps per 90° of rotation.

US Pat. No. 9,566,872

CONTACTLESS CHARGING OF AN ELECTRICAL ENERGY STORE OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A charging apparatus for contactless charging of an electrical energy store of a motor vehicle, comprising:
a primary unit arranged outside the motor vehicle;
an inflatable chamber mounted on an underside of the motor vehicle and being inflatable from a first volume to a second volume
that is larger than the first volume, the inflatable chamber having a wall that moves down when the inflatable chamber is
inflated to the second volume;

a vehicle-mounted secondary unit mounted at the wall of the inflatable chamber and moving down with the wall when the inflatable
chamber is inflated, the secondary unit being configured to receive electrical energy from the primary unit; and

a spring device arranged in the inflatable chamber and having a lower end attached to the wall and an upper end attached in
the inflatable chamber above the wall, the spring device being stressed and expanded when the inflatable chamber is inflated
so that the lower end of the spring device moves down with the wall, the spring device returning to an unstressed and unexpanded
shape when the inflatable chamber is deflated, thereby returning the lower wall and the vehicle-mounted secondary unit up
to an inoperative position spaced from the primary unit.

US Pat. No. 9,352,791

AIR GUIDING DEVICE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. An air guiding device arranged at a rear end of a roof of a motor vehicle, the air guiding device comprising: a fixed component
projecting rearward from the roof and extending laterally on the vehicle as an extension of a roof line and at least one planar
air guiding element with a front end that is connected pivotally to the fixed component, the air guiding element being adjustable
from a rest position where the air guiding element defines a part of the extension of the roof line into a deployed position
through a first angle (?) where a rear end of the air guiding element is higher than the front end and that is adjustable
from the rest position into a lowered position through a second angle (?) so that the rear end of the air guiding element
is lower than the front end.

US Pat. No. 9,347,387

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A MOTOR VEHICLE

DR. ING. H.C. F. PORSCHE ...

1. A device for operating a motor vehicle, comprising:
a drive unit configured to drive the motor vehicle in order to make available adjustable starting assistance;
a sensing unit configured to sense a brake pressure of a brake arrangement of the motor vehicle, the brake pressure being
adjustable using a brake pedal; and

a control unit configured to set a degree of starting assistance made available when the brake pressure, which is sensed during
a stationary state of the motor vehicle, exceeds a predefined threshold value.

US Pat. No. 9,048,588

CONNECTING APPARATUS FOR TRANSMITTING HIGH-VOLTAGE CURRENT IN THE MOTOR VEHICLE SECTOR

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A connecting apparatus for transmitting high-voltage current in the motor vehicle sector, having at least one first connection
element (4), at least one second connection element (6), at least one shielding housing part (12) and fasteners (8, 10), wherein the first connection element (4) has at least one housing arrangement (20) having a first insulating housing part (21) with at least one first contact element (18) that is electrically connected to an internal conductor (16) of a cable (14), and has a shielding arrangement (28) that is connected to a shield (30) of the cable (14), wherein: the shielding arrangement (28) is connected to the shielding housing part (12) by a shielding part (32), the second connection element (6) has at least one second housing arrangement (41) having a second insulating housing part (42) with at least one second contact element (46) connected to a current line element, and a weak-current contact arrangement for creating a control circuit is provided,
the weak-current contact arrangement (53) having a ring contact element (52) and two spring contact elements (60, 62).

US Pat. No. 9,835,059

CAMSHAFT FOR AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE AND USE THEREFORE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A camshaft for an internal combustion engine, with a drivable basic shaft and a cam piece which is mounted on the drivable
basic shaft, wherein the drivable basic shaft is solid and passes through a passage in the cam piece, and the cam piece is
mounted on the drivable basic shaft in a rotationally fixed and axially displaceable manner, wherein a perimeter of the drivable
basic shaft has a polygonal profile, and a perimeter of the passage in the cam piece has a complementary polygonal profile
for receiving the drivable basic shaft.

US Pat. No. 9,752,897

SYSTEM FOR DETECTING A READINESS OF A CLOSURE ELEMENT OF A MOTOR VEHICLE TO LOCK

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A system for detecting readiness of a closeable element of a motor vehicle to be locked, comprising:
a first sensor for detecting a position signal related to a position of the closeable element;
a second sensor for detecting a magnetic field signal related to a distance from the second sensor to a magnet, the magnet
being arranged on the closeable element;

a first electronic unit connected by at least one data link to the first and second sensors, the at least one data link being
configured to communicate both the position signal and the magnetic field signal to the first electronic unit; and

an electromechanical component configured to transfer the closeable element to a locked state;
wherein the first electronic unit comprises a memory configured to store at least a magnetic field signal value;
wherein the first electronic unit is configured for generating a change in an output signal at an output of the first electronic
unit to indicate readiness of the closeable element to be locked when two conditions are met, a first condition being met
when the position signal indicates that a closed position of the closeable element has been reached, and a second condition
being met when there is a positive comparison of the magnetic field signal value with respect to the magnetic field signal
detected by the second sensor; and

wherein, in response to the change in the output signal indicating readiness of the closeable element to be locked, the electromechanical
component initiates a locking operation to lock the closeable element.

US Pat. No. 9,221,334

DRIVE TRAIN OF A SOLELY ELECTRICALLY DRIVEN MOTOR VEHICLE HAVING TWO ELECTRIC MOTORS

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A drive train of a solely electrically drivable motor vehicle, comprising:
an axle with first and second axle sections for driving first and second wheels respectively,
a differential having an input gear and first and second outputs connected respectively to the first and second axle sections,
first and second electric machines interacting respectively with first and second gearings,
a first switchable clutch selectively connecting the first gearing to the input gear of the differential for driving first
and second axle sections of the axle,

second clutch selectively connecting the first gearing to the first axle section of the axle, and
a third clutch selectively connecting the second gearing to the second axle section of the axle,
wherein the first electric machine drives the first and second axle sections in and energy saving mode when the first switchable
clutch is closed, the second and third clutches are open and the second electric machine is switched off, and

wherein the first and second electric machines independently drive the respective first and second axle sections when the
second and third clutches are closed and the first clutch is open.

US Pat. No. 9,073,542

METHOD FOR PERFORMING A BOOST OPERATION OF A HYBRID VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A method for carrying out a boosting mode of a drive unit (3), said drive unit having at least one internal combustion engine (1) and at least one electric machine (2), of a vehicle (10), in which, in order to prepare the boosting mode, the internal combustion engine (1) is adjusted to an operating state with an increased acceleration potential, and in order to charge an energy accumulator
(4) the electric machine (2) is adjusted to a generator mode, wherein when a power demand which is increased compared to the current operating state
of the drive unit (3) is present, the charging process is interrupted and at the same time the electric machine (2) is activated in order to increase the driving power of the drive unit (3), wherein the increased acceleration potential which is kept in reserve by the internal combustion engine (1) is utilized.

US Pat. No. 9,810,162

ACTUATING DEVICE FOR CHANGEOVER VALVES OF AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE AND INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. An actuating device for changeover valves of an internal combustion engine having an adjustable compression ratio, each
changeover valve being used to control a hydraulic oil flow in hydraulic chambers of an eccentric adjusting device of a respective
connecting rod of the internal combustion engine, each changeover valve having a pick-off means that can be actuated by the
actuating device, the actuating device comprising: a selector fork for each changeover valve and for each pick-off means to
be actuated, the selector forks being secured on at least one support structure, and being moveable from a first selection
position into a second selection position against a restoring force of at least one return element, wherein the restoring
force of the at least one return element moves the selector forks automatically in a direction of the first selection position.

US Pat. No. 9,541,121

TRANSMISSION FOR AN ELECTRICALLY DRIVEABLE AXLE OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A transmission for transmitting a rotational driving force to an electrically driveable axle of a motor vehicle, the transmission
comprising:
a hollow drive input shaft having opposite open first and second ends and radially internal toothing between the ends, the
hollow drive input shaft further having a radially external gearwheel formed with external toothing thereon at a position
radially outward from the radially internal toothing;

an intermediate shaft having radially external toothing engaged with the radially external gearwheel of the hollow drive input
shaft for transmitting rotation of the hollow drive input shaft to the axle of the motor vehicle;

a housing sealingly engaged with the hollow drive input shaft at positions between the external toothing and the first and
second ends of the hollow drive input shaft;

first and second driving force inputs each of which is selectively engageable with the hollow drive input shaft for delivering
a rotatable driving force to the electrically drivable axle of the motor vehicle, wherein:

the first driving force input comprises: a first electric machine, a first coupling shaft having a first end coupled to the
first electric machine, a second end within the hollow drive input shaft and external toothing engaged with the internal toothing
of the hollow drive input shaft to deliver a rotational driving force from the first electric machine, and a cover mounted
to the housing at a position opposed to the second end of the hollow drive input shaft and to the second end of the first
coupling shaft; and

the second driving force input comprises the first electric machine, a second electric machine, a second coupling shaft having
a first end coupled to the first electric machine, a second end external of the hollow drive input shaft and coupled to the
second electric machine, and external toothing engaged with the internal toothing of the hollow drive input shaft to deliver
a rotational driving force from the first and second electric machines, whereby the transmission is reconfigurable for delivering
the rotatable driving force only from the first electric machine or from the first and second electric machines.

US Pat. No. 9,228,380

EXTERIOR DOOR HANDLE SYSTEM IN A MOTOR VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. An exterior door handle system to be mounted on an exterior door panel of a motor vehicle, the exterior door handle system
comprising:
a bearing bracket arranged on an interior side of the exterior door panel, the bearing bracket having an outer surface held
substantially in contact with the exterior door panel, an inner surface, a side surface extending between the outer and inner
surfaces, an opening formed between the outer and inner surfaces corresponding to an opening formed in the exterior door panel,
and a slot-shaped receptacle formed in the side surface in communication with the opening in bearing bracket;

a unit formed from a lock barrel and a housing for the lock barrel, the unit being inserted along an insertion direction into
the opening of the bearing bracket from the inner surface of the bearing bracket so that a leading edge of the unit penetrates
the opening in the exterior door panel, and an array of coplanar grooves formed in an outer surface of the unit and defining
a plane substantially normal to the insertion direction bracket of the unit into the bearing bracket;

a protective cap mounted from an exterior side of the exterior door panel and covering the leading edge of the unit, the protective
cap having first and second spaced apart projections projecting through the opening in the exterior door panel, the first
projection having two coplanar first grooves facing in opposite directions and the second projection having at least one second
groove coplanar with the first grooves, the first and second grooves of the protective cap being coplanar with the coplanar
grooves of the unit;

a door handle arranged on the exterior side of the exterior door panel and being mounted to the bearing bracket;
a substantially U-shaped locking clip having a first plate and a second plate that are perpendicular to one another, at least
the first plate being configured to be inserted into the receptacle, the first plate of the locking clip having a crosspiece
and first and second limbs projecting from the crosspiece and spaced from each other, the crosspiece and the limbs being substantially
coplanar, first and second locking piece projections formed respectively on the first and second limbs to project towards
each other, and the second plate having a hole penetrating therethrough; and

a screw passing through the hole in the second plate of the locking clip, through the bearing bracket and engaged threadedly
in the housing of the unit, wherein

the crosspiece and the limbs of the locking clip engages plural areas of the at array of grooves of the unit, the crosspiece
further engages the at least second groove of the protective cap, and the first and second limbs of the locking clip respectively
engage the two oppositely facing first grooves of the protective cap.

US Pat. No. 9,169,674

LOCKING DEVICE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A locking device for a cover of a storage compartment in a motor vehicle, comprising:
at least one bolt element engageable in a first storage compartment recess for fixing the cover in a closed position;
an actuating handle configured for displacing the at least one bolt element from the first storage compartment recess;
a first spring device disposed for pretensioning the bolt element into the closed position thereof;
at least one securing bolt engageable in a second storage compartment recess and being sequentially actuable via the bolt
element so that the at least one securing bolt extends out of the second recess only if the bolt element already is extended
out of the first recess for securing the cover against undesirably opening in the event of accident-induced accelerations;
and

a second spring device disposed for pretensioning the securing bolt toward the closed position thereof and for moving the
securing bolt to the closed position thereof concurrently with or after movement of the bolt element into the closed position
thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,014,611

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR INTEGRATING AN ELECTRICAL ELEMENT INTO AN ELECTRICAL CIRCUIT UNDER LOAD

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A device for integrating at least one electrical element into an electrical circuit during ongoing operation of the electrical circuit, wherein the electrical circuit comprises at least two modules which are connected to one another via at least one electrical connection, the device comprising:the at least one electrical connection including a connecting line to corresponding terminals of the at least two modules, wherein the connecting line comprises two first electrical lines which each lead to one of the at least two modules and are electrically connected to one another at at least a first contact point by a spring mechanism,
a plug configured to disconnect the spring mechanism by insertion of the plug at the at least first contact point, the plug comprising at least two second electrical lines which form at least one electrical conductor and contact pair, and an insulating material lying between the contact pair, in such a way that the electrical contact between the two first electrical lines is released, but a respective electrical contact is produced at at least a second contact point between, in each case, one of the first electrical lines and one of the second electrical lines, wherein the plug is to be connected to the at least one electrical element to be integrated.

US Pat. No. 9,873,312

DOOR IMPACT BEAM

DR. ING. H.C. F. PORSCHE ...

1. A door impact beam for a door of a motor vehicle, the door impact beam comprising:
a first fastening portion configured to be fastened to a first fastening intersection of the door;
a second fastening portion configured to be fastened to a second fastening intersection of the door; and
a profiled portion which extends between the first fastening portion and the second fastening portion, the profiled portion
being designed at least in sections as a hollow profile with two side walls disposed opposite to each other and two connecting
walls disposed opposite to each other which connect the side walls to each other, wherein the connecting walls have an outwardly
directed convex curvature.

US Pat. No. 9,254,586

PROCESS FOR PRODUCING A FUEL TANK WITH UNDERRIDE PROTECTOR

Dr. Ing. h.c. f. Porsche ...

1. A fuel tank system for a motor vehicle, comprising:
a fuel tank formed of a plastic material, the fuel tank having a plurality of angularly aligned wall sections that are unitary
with one another, each of the wall sections of the fuel tank having an inner surface facing into an interior of the fuel tank
and an outer surface opposite the inner surface and defining a convex exterior of the fuel tank; and

an underride protector having a plurality of angularly aligned wall sections that are unitary with one another, the wall sections
of the underride protector defining a concave inwardly facing surface of the underride protector and a convex outwardly facing
surface opposite the concave inwardly facing surface and defining a convex exterior of the fuel tank system, the concave inwardly
facing surface defined by the wall sections of the underride protector being in direct surface to surface contact with at
least selected areas of the convex exterior of the fuel tank and being connected directly in surface to surface contact to
the convex exterior of said fuel tank locally at a number of spaced apart points by integral bonds with at least one of the
points being on each of the angularly aligned wall sections, wherein the underride protector is formed of a plastic material
with a glass fiber component and wherein the integral connection between the concave inwardly facing surface of the underride
protector and the convex exterior of the fuel tank being defined by a plurality of integral bonds between the plastic material
of the fuel tank and the plastic material of the underride protector.

US Pat. No. 10,038,570

CONTROL DEVICE FOR CONNECTING A CAN BUS TO A RADIO NETWORK, AND MOTOR VEHICLE HAVING SUCH A CONTROL DEVICE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A control device for connecting a controller area network (CAN) bus to a radio network, said control device comprising:a wireless controller, a microcontroller, a programmable logic circuit and a CAN transceiver,
the microcontroller is connected between the wireless controller and the programmable logic circuit,
the CAN transceiver is connected between the programmable logic circuit and to the CAN bus,
a first data stream to the microcontroller for wireless transmission corresponds to a second data stream from the CAN transceiver, and
the programmable logic circuit is configured to monitor a third data stream from the microcontroller which is addressed to the CAN transceiver, compare an ID of a data frame contained in the third data stream to a list of authorized IDs, and, on the basis of the ID in said data frame contained in the third data stream from the microcontroller not being on the list of authorized IDs, the programmable logic circuit suppresses said data frame.

US Pat. No. 9,941,501

APPARATUS FOR A BATTERY MODULE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. An apparatus for a battery module that has battery cells, each of the battery cells having a contact section with a positive pole and a negative pole on an outer wall, the apparatus comprising:a flat body made of an electrically insulating material and disposed on contact sections of the battery cells and covering the negative poles, the flat body having holes registered respectively with the positive poles;
a terminal sheet on a surface of the flat body opposite the battery cells and made of a unitary sheet of a conductive material, the terminal sheet having holes registered respectively with the positive poles; and
contact elements provided respectively for each of the battery cells and extending through the respective holes in the flat body and in the terminal sheet, each of the contact elements having an outer end connected to a surface of the terminal sheet opposite the flat body and having an inner end connected to the respective positive pole, wherein the flat body insulates the terminal sheet and the contact elements from the negative poles.

US Pat. No. 9,871,659

DATA TRANSMISSION UNIT FOR A VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A method for transmitting data between a vehicle and a terminal, in which data to be transmitted are transmitted on the
basis of at least one private key stored by a security module in a vehicle key for the vehicle, the vehicle key also comprising
at least one interface for communicating with the terminal and/or the vehicle and at least one microprocessor, and the microprocessor
being used to check a trustworthiness of the data to be transmitted via the interface, in which data which are to be transmitted
from the terminal to the vehicle are first of all transmitted to the interface of the vehicle key via a secure channel, whereupon
at least one first digital signature is created by the security module included in the vehicle key and the data to be transmitted
to the vehicle are sent back to the terminal together with the at least one first digital signature, whereupon the terminal
forwards the data to be transmitted to the vehicle with the at least one first digital signature, data to be transmitted from
the vehicle to the terminal being provided with at least one second digital signature and being transmitted to the terminal,
the terminal forwarding data received in this manner to the interface of the vehicle key for a check for trustworthiness,
and the vehicle key forwarding a result of the check for trustworthiness to the terminal.

US Pat. No. 9,765,676

EXHAUST GAS SYSTEM OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. An exhaust gas system (10) of a motor vehicle which has an internal combustion engine (11) with a plurality of cylinder groups (12, 13), the exhaust gas system comprising:
a first exhaust gas section (16) assigned to a first cylinder group of the internal combustion engine, and a second exhaust gas section (17) assigned to a second cylinder group of the internal combustion engine, each exhaust gas section (16, 17) comprising one exhaust gas purification device (18, 19), and

a common silencer (35) that interacts with the first exhaust gas section (16) and the second exhaust gas section (17), in such a way that,

(i) starting from the exhaust gas purification device (18) of the first exhaust gas section (16) a first part exhaust gas section (22) opens into an interior of the common silencer (35),

(ii) starting from the exhaust gas purification device (19) of the second exhaust gas section (17), a first part exhaust gas section (23) of the second exhaust gas section (17) opens into the interior of the common silencer (35),

(iii) starting from the exhaust gas purification device (18) of the first exhaust gas section (16), a second part exhaust gas section (24) leads through the common silencer (35) and opens into the open air,

(iv) starting from the exhaust gas purification device (19) of the second exhaust gas section (17), a second part exhaust gas section (25) of the second exhaust gas section (17) leads through the common silencer (35) and opens into the open air, and

(v) the second part exhaust gas sections (24, 25) of the first exhaust gas section (16) and the second exhaust gas section (17) are coupled by an exhaust gas coupling line (33) which is coupled via at least one opening (34) to the interior of the common silencer (35).

US Pat. No. 9,707,954

METHOD FOR OPERATING A HYBRID VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A method for operating a hybrid drive train of a hybrid vehicle, the drive train having an internal combustion engine,
an electric machine, a transmission with an input shaft and a clutch element, a separating element and an axle of the hybrid
vehicle, the internal combustion engine being arranged together with the electric machine on the input shaft of the transmission
to drive the axle of the hybrid vehicle when the separating element is closed, and the internal combustion engine being selectively
disconnectable from the electric machine, the transmission and the axle via the separating element, the method comprising:
selectively turning off the internal combustion engine and opening the separating element to permit: purely electric driving
of the axle of the hybrid vehicle, regenerative braking or coasting of the hybrid vehicle;

determining a difference in rotational speed occurring at the separating element between the internal combustion engine and
the electric machine when the separating element is opened and the internal combustion engine is turned off;

keeping the separating element open below and up to a maximum permissible difference in rotational speed at the separating
element between the internal combustion engine and the electric machine while:

operating the electric machine with the clutch element of the transmission closed to drive the axle of the hybrid vehicle
purely electrically, or

operating the electric machine with the clutch element of the transmission closed to carry out regenerative braking of the
hybrid vehicle or

allowing the axle of the vehicle to operate in a coasting mode of the hybrid vehicle; and
opening the clutch element of the transmission for separating the electric machine from the axle upon reaching the maximum
permissible difference in rotational speed and allowing the axle of the vehicle to operate in a coasting mode without exceeding
the maximum permissible difference in rotational speed between the electric machine and the internal combustion engine.

US Pat. No. 9,688,098

WHEEL HUB COVER ARRANGEMENT AND WHEEL HUB FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A wheel hub cover arrangement for covering an outwardly directed wheel hub opening of a wheel hub, wherein the wheel hub
cover arrangement comprises:
a cover surface element which is connected to the wheel hub opening via a wall member and a connection member in such a way
that the cover surface element and the wall member enclose a cover volume, the wall member extending into the wheel hub opening,

at least one venting opening for venting and for pressure-equalizing a vehicle shaft connected to the wheel hub,
at least one outlet opening comprising a bore passing through an entire thickness of the wall member to connect the cover
volume with the surroundings of the wall member for removing splash water from the cover volume,

a recess defined in the wall member and the cover surface element, the recess being in fluid communication with the at least
one outlet opening to fluidly connect the outlet opening with the surroundings of the wall member,

wherein the cover surface element includes a contact surface contacting the wheel hub, and the recess is at least partially
disposed on the contact surface of the cover surface element so as to form a clearance space between the contact surface of
the cover surface element and the wheel hub.

US Pat. No. 9,625,021

ELECTRIC PORTAL AXLE FOR ELECTRICALLY DRIVING A MOTOR VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. An electric portal axle for electrically driving a motor vehicle, the portal axle having two spur gear stages for driving
two wheels of the axle, the portal axle comprising: a single electric machine, a shiftable transmission with a freewheel and
a differential arranged downstream of the single electric machine, and a housing, the shiftable transmission being a planetary
gear mechanism, and the portal axle having a shifting means for shifting two gear stages of the portal axle, a ring gear of
the transmission being connected to a clutch body in a first gear stage, with the clutch body being fixed to the housing,
and a clutch between the ring gear and a planetary carrier of the transmission is opened, and, in a second gear stage, the
ring gear and the clutch body that is fixed to the housing are disconnected and the clutch is closed.

US Pat. No. 9,614,416

DRIVE MODULE FOR A VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A drive module for a vehicle, comprising:
a transmission with an input shaft; and
an electric machine coupled to the input shaft of the transmission, with an air-filled cavity being formed between the electric
machine and the transmission, the electric machine being in the form of an external-rotor motor having a rotor surrounding
a stator of said external-rotor motor, at least in sections, a fan impeller rotating together with the rotor and being configured
to draw air out of the air-filled cavity in an axial direction and to draw the air through windings of the stator for cooling
purposes, and subsequently to convey the air in a radial direction and into a housing-side flow duct in which heated air can
be accumulated and via which the air can be returned toward the cavity, wherein the heated air can be cooled in proximity
to the flow duct and/or in proximity to the cavity.

US Pat. No. 9,542,842

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR DETECTING WETNESS ON A ROADWAY

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A device for determining a risk of aquaplaning of a motor vehicle on a roadway, the motor vehicle having a rear windshield,
the device comprising:
a position detection unit for determining a current position of the vehicle on a roadway and for identifying roadway information
at locations subsequent to the current position of the vehicle on the roadway;

a moisture-detection unit on the rear windshield; and
an evaluation unit configured: to determine wetness on the roadway based on a moisture value detected by the moisture-detection
unit, to determine an aquaplaning risk at the locations subsequent to the current position of the vehicle on the roadway based
on the moisture value detected by the moisture-detection unit and the roadway information identified by the position detection
unit at the locations subsequent to the current position of the vehicle on the roadway, and to generate a signal indicative
of the aquaplaning risk determined based on the moisture value and the roadway information at the locations subsequent to
the current position of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,409,632

CABIN FOR A FLOATING INSTALLATION WITH LINES WHICH CONTRIBUTE TO REINFORCEMENT

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

8. A cabin for a floating installation comprising: a room unit delimited at least by a ceiling, walls, conduits for providing
a supply of air, water, data, electricity, and/or lighting to the room unit, the conduits running in the room unit such that
the conduits simultaneously act as stiffening members for the room unit, and at least one cover element that covers the conduit
with respect to an interior of the room unit, the cover element having at least one of a lighting element, a sensor, a loudspeaker,
a display, a plug socket, network connection, a sprinkler element, a camera, and an air outlet/inlet opening.

US Pat. No. 10,084,268

MODULAR SYSTEM HAVING A PLURALITY OF MODULES THAT CAN BE ELECTRICALLY CONNECTED TO ONE ANOTHER

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A modular system, comprising:a plurality of modules that can be electrically connected to one another;
a first contact-making means; and
a second contact-making means;
wherein at least two first modules from amongst the modules can be connected to one another in series,
wherein, in a connected state of the first modules, the first contact-making means is arranged between the first modules,
wherein a second module from amongst the modules has the second contact-making means,
wherein the first contact-making means and the second contact-making means are configured to make electrical contact with one another,
wherein the first contact-making means and the second contact-making means are configured, when making electrical contact with one another, firstly to connect the first modules to the second module and then to isolate the connection of the first modules from one another.

US Pat. No. 10,017,063

ELECTRICAL DISTRIBUTOR ARRANGEMENT

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. An electrical distributor arrangement for an electrically driven motor vehicle, comprising:a housing which has two electrical terminals which are connectable in each case to an external electrical energy source,
a multiplicity of through lines which are connected at their ends in each case to one of the terminals, and
a multiplicity of electrical attachment lines which are led into the housing for the purposes of electrically contacting a multiplicity of electrical consumers with the through lines, wherein the through lines are in the form of rigid current rails, wherein the attachment lines are fixedly connected in each case to one of the current rails.

US Pat. No. 9,748,538

MOTOR VEHICLE BATTERY

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A motor vehicle battery, comprising:
a plurality of battery modules;
a battery housing holding the battery modules, the battery housing having at least an upper housing module formed with upper
housing module walls and a lower housing module formed with lower housing module walls, the lower housing module being positioned
below the upper housing module, a plurality of the upper housing module walls having downwardly facing lower edges formed
with downwardly projecting projections and recesses between the downwardly projecting projections, and a plurality of the
lower housing module walls having upwardly facing upper edges formed with upwardly projecting projections and recesses between
the upwardly projecting projections, the downwardly projecting projections of the upper housing module being engaged in the
recesses between the upwardly projecting projections of the lower housing module to define an engaged state of the upper and
lower housing modules, cutouts formed through the upwardly projecting projections and the downwardly projecting projections,
the cutouts in the projections of the upper housing module walls being aligned with the cutouts in the projections of the
lower housing module walls;

clamping rails passing through the cutouts for holding the upper and lower housing module walls in the engaged state, slots
formed through the clamping rails in proximity to opposite ends thereof and openings extending axially into opposite ends
of the clamping rails and communicating with the respective slots;

clamping bolts mounted respectively in the slots of the clamping rails, each of the clamping bolts having a threaded aperture
therein, the threaded aperture being aligned with the respective end of the clamping rail; and

clamping screws passing respectively into the openings of the clamping rails and being threadedly engaged respectively with
the threaded apertures in the respective clamping bolts to hold the upper and lower housing modules together in the engaged
state.

US Pat. No. 9,193,256

HYBRID MODULE FOR ARRANGEMENT IN A DRIVE TRAIN OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A hybrid module for arrangement in a drive train of a motor vehicle, the drive train having a combustion engine and a transmission
spaced from the combustion engine, the hybrid module comprising:
a housing having opposite first and second ends spaced apart along a longitudinal direction, the first end being configured
to be connected to the combustion engine and the second end being configured to be connected to the transmission; and

an air supply stub formed on an exterior of the housing and defining an air supply entrance extending into the housing for
introducing cooling air into the hybrid module, the air supply stub and the air supply entrance being substantially oval with
each having a long axis and a short axis normal to the long axis, the short axis being substantially parallel to the longitudinal
direction.

US Pat. No. 10,124,718

ATTACHMENT DEVICE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A light strip assembly arranged on a body shell at a tail of a motor vehicle and held between tail lights, the body shell being made from a first material and having an outer surface facing outward and rearward on the vehicle and with respect to a longitudinal direction of the vehicle, the body shell further having an inner surface facing inward and forward on the vehicle, and left and right opposed facing surfaces in proximity to the respective tail lights, the light strip assembly comprising:an elongate light strip made from a second material different from the first material and having different material expansion characteristics than the first material, the light strip having opposite left and right ends in proximity respectively to the respective tail lights and substantially adjacent the respective left and right opposed facing surfaces of the body shell;
left and right outer attachment bolts securely fixing the opposite left and right ends of the light strip to the outer surface of the body shell substantially adjacent the respective left and right opposed facing surfaces of the body shell;
a central attachment bolt disposed centrally between the left and right outer attachment bolts, the central attachment bolt having a head mounted to a central region of the light strip between the left and right ends, a shank extending in the longitudinal direction of the vehicle from the head and passing through the body shell;
a nut secured to the shank at a position facing the inner surface of the body shell with limited movement of the central region of the light strip in the longitudinal direction of the vehicle toward and away from the rearward and outward facing outer surface of the body shell while restricting movement transverse to the shank; and
a spring between the nut and the inner surface of the body shell for biasing the central region of the light strip toward the outer surface of the body shell, whereby thermal expansion of the light strip relative to the body shell causes a movement of the central region of the light strip rearward in the longitudinal direction of the vehicle and away from the outer surface of the body shell while the outer attachment bolts prevent movement of the left and right ends of the light strip relative to the outer surface of the body shell or relative to the left and right opposed facing surfaces of the body shell.

US Pat. No. 10,029,575

ELECTRIC LINE ARRANGEMENT

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A charging cable for a motor vehicle, comprising:at least one electrically conductive lead which can be placed in electrical contact at its ends in order to transmit electrical energy,
an insulation layer which surrounds the lead circumferentially,
a first coolant duct In which a cooling fluid for cooling the lead can be conducted,
wherein the insulation layer is spaced apart from the lead, and the first coolant duct is formed between the insulation layer and the lead in such a way that the cooling fluid flows directly around the lead,
a sheathed layer which surrounds the insulation layer circumferentially, wherein the sheathed layer is spaced apart from the insulation layer,
a second coolant duct formed between the sheathed layer and the insulation layer, and
a plug-type connector, at an axial end of the charging cable, in electrical contact with the at least one electrically conductive lead, and wherein the plug-type connector connects the first coolant duct to the second coolant duct.

US Pat. No. 9,921,134

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING TIRE WEAR

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A system for determining tire wear for tires of a wheeled motor vehicle, comprising:
a direct tire pressure determination unit being configured to measure at least the tire pressure of the tires;
an indirect tire pressure determination unit being configured to determine for at least some of the tires a roll radius factor
corresponding to or depending from a roll radius of the respective tire and based upon longitudinal wheels slips and a normalized
traction force of the respective tire;

a tire force determination unit being configured to determine a vertical force factor corresponding to or depending from a
vertical force applied to the tires;

a processing unit determining the tire wear for such tires of the motor vehicle for which the indirect tire pressure determination
unit provides the respective roll radius factor, namely

by compensating the roll radius factor of the tires provided by the indirect tire pressure determination unit on basis of
the tire pressures of the respective tires provided by direct tire pressure determination unit and on the basis of the vertical
force factor of the respective tires provided by the tire force determination unit thereby providing a compensated roll radius
factor for the respective tire, and

by comparing the compensated roll radius factor for the respective tire with a reference roll radius factor in such a way
that the difference between the compensated roll radius factor and the reference roll radius factor of the respective tire
provides the tire wear of the respective tire.

US Pat. No. 9,873,373

BEAT COMPENSATION WITH AUTOMATIC HEADLIGHT SETTING

DR. ING. H.C. F. PORSCHE ...

1. A method for regulating a brightness of a luminous unit, the method comprising:
regulating the luminous unit by a pulse width modulator which provides an electric current having a predefined current value
Y at a start time t0,

modulating the electric current to a predefined brightness value at the start time t0 with a frequency of switching pulses that is chosen depending on a predefined brightness value, and

progressively reducing the current value of respective switching pulses of the pulse-width-modulated electric current, the
current value being provided at the start time t0, to a current value Y? proceeding from the start time t0 until a target time t1,

wherein the current value Y? is chosen in such a way that the luminous unit is luminous with the predefined brightness value
upon a permanent supply with an electric current corresponding to the current value Y?, and

wherein the respective switching pulses of the electric current, proceeding from the start time t0, are lengthened in their duration by a magnitude selected depending on the respective current value of a respective switching
pulse until a continuous electric current arises.

US Pat. No. 9,828,903

AIR-GOVERNING DEVICE FOR GOVERNING AN AIR FLOW INTO A VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. An air-governing device for governing an air flow into a vehicle, comprising: a main body with at least one installation
section for fastening the main body to a body of the vehicle; an air opening formed through the main body, at least one slat
mounted on the main body and being movable between a closed position where the at least one slat closes the air opening and
an open position where the at least one slat opens the air opening; a drive device fastened to the main body for generating
a moving force for the at least one slat; and a lever mechanism forming an operative connection between the drive device and
the at least one slat, the lever mechanism having at least one drive lever that is operatively connected in a torque-transmitting
manner to the drive device and is fastened in an end position of a keyhole opening in the main body.

US Pat. No. 9,783,067

METHOD AND ARRANGEMENT FOR PROVIDING AN ELECTRICAL POWER FOR AN ON-BOARD POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A motor vehicle comprising:
a battery configured to supply electrical power at a first direct-current (DC) voltage value;
first and second electric machines;
a first power electronics unit including an input, a DC-to-DC converter, a first output, and a second output, the input of
the first power electronics unit configured to receive the first DC voltage value from the battery, the first output of the
first power electronics unit configured to supply electrical power to the first electric machine; and

a second power electronics unit including an input, a DC-to-DC converter, a first output, and a second output, the input of
the second power electronics unit configured to receive the first DC voltage value from the battery, the first output of the
second power electronics unit configured to supply electrical power to the second electric machine;

wherein the DC-to-DC converter of the first power electronics unit is configured to reduce the first DC voltage value supplied
by the battery to a second DC voltage value that is lower than the first DC voltage value;

wherein the DC-to-DC converter of the second power electronics unit is configured to reduce the first DC voltage value supplied
by the battery to a third DC voltage value that is lower than the first DC voltage value but higher than the second DC voltage
value;

wherein the DC-to-DC converter of the first power electronics unit is configured to provide the second DC voltage value from
the second output of the first power electronics unit to a bus associated with an on-board power supply system connected to
at least one load;

wherein the DC-to-DC converter of the second power electronics unit is configured to provide the third DC voltage value from
the second output of the second power electronics unit to the bus associated with the on-board power supply system connected
to the at least one load; and

wherein the DC-to-DC converter of the first power electronics unit is connected in parallel with the DC-to-DC converter of
the second power electronics unit.

US Pat. No. 9,726,129

METHOD FOR DETERMINING A FUEL FRACTION IN OIL

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A method for determining a fuel fraction in lubrication oil circulating in an oil circuit (6) of a water-cooled internal combustion engine (7) in a vehicle operated by a driver, said internal combustion engine having a start-stop function, a variable operating point,
and cooling water, wherein a variably adjustable oil delivery pump (1) is provided in the oil circuit (6), said pump having an outlet side and delivering a volume flow (5) of oil, which oil delivery pump is actuated by a control unit (4), wherein the control unit (4) performs an adjustment of parameters and/or adaptation values of the oil delivery pump (1) as a function of oil viscosity, wherein a determination of the fuel fraction in the oil is performed on the basis of the
parameters and/or adaptation values.

US Pat. No. 9,637,180

FRONT-END STRUCTURE OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A front-end structure of a motor vehicle, having an air inlet opening and having an air duct which extends from the air
inlet opening and in which there is arranged a heat exchanger through which air can flow,
wherein the air duct is configured to conduct an air flow into a wheel arch of the motor vehicle and laterally with respect
to the wheel arch, wherein the air duct is divided, downstream of the heat exchanger, into a first duct part and a second
duct part,

wherein the first duct part includes an outlet opening that conducts air laterally with respect to the wheel arch, and
the second duct part includes an outlet opening that opens out in the wheel arch and conducts air into the wheel arch,
wherein the outlet opening of the first duct part is positioned closer to an exterior facing side surface of the motor vehicle
at the wheel arch than the outlet opening of the second duct part, as measured in a lateral direction,

wherein an air flow control device is disposed in the air duct, which air flow control device is configured to either permit
or substantially prevent air flow through the second duct part.

US Pat. No. 9,540,055

UNDERBODY UNIT FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. An underbody unit for reinforcing a motor vehicle body of a motor vehicle between a front axle and a rear axle, comprising:
a floor body that is connectable to the motor vehicle body, for dissipating static and/or dynamic loads of the motor vehicle
body;

reinforcing ribs protruding up from the floor body and defining receiving pockets for receiving at least one battery cell
unit of a traction battery for driving the motor vehicle as a hybrid vehicle and/or as a purely electric vehicle;

first and second inlets for accommodating in-flows of a liquid cooling medium into the floor body;
first and second outlets for accommodating outflows of the liquid cooling medium from the floor body;
a low temperature cooler for cooling the liquid cooling medium;
a first valve selectively switchable between a first position where the first valve causes the liquid cooling medium to flow
directly from the first outlet to the first inlet and a second position where the first valve causes the liquid cooling medium
to flow from the first outlet to the first inlet via the low temperature cooler;

a heat exchanger accommodating a flow of the liquid cooling medium from the second outlet to the second inlet; and
a refrigerating circuit including a second valve for selectively permitting or interrupting a flow of a coolant through the
heat exchanger, whereby the first and second valves are operated for selectively causing the liquid cooling medium to be cooled
by both the low temperature cooler and the heat exchanger, or by a selected one of the low temperature cooler and the heat
exchanger or by neither the low temperature cooler or the heat exchanger in accordance with cooling needs of the traction
battery.

US Pat. No. 9,139,129

VEHICLE WITH REAR LIGHT THAT IS DISPLACEABLE TO PRODUCE AT LEAST ONE AIRFLOW BREAKAWAY EDGE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A vehicle, comprising: a body, a rear end and at least one rear light attached at a lateral position at the rear end of
the vehicle, the rear light being selectively movable relative to all other external parts of the vehicle between a passive
position where edges of the rear light are substantially flush with the body and an active position in which at least one
airflow breakaway edge is defined by the rear light, the rear light being visible from positions rearward of the rear end
of the vehicle in both the passive position and the active position.

US Pat. No. 10,036,439

BRAKE DISK DEVICE FOR A VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A brake disk device for a vehicle comprising:an annular brake disk with an encircling outer portion and an encircling inner portion, wherein an inner diameter of the encircling inner portion bounds a disk opening, and
a brake pot with an annularly encircling edge portion, wherein the brake pot is fastened at the annularly encircling edge portion to the encircling inner portion of the annular brake disk,
wherein the annularly encircling edge portion is multi-layered at least in sections or is cold-formed and thickened in sections,
wherein an inner surface of the annularly encircling edge portion is an additional brake surface,
wherein the annularly encircling edge portion has, at least in sections, a wall which is bent over and is in contact with itself.

US Pat. No. 9,929,389

BATTERY DEVICE AND METHOD OF PRODUCTION THEREOF

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A battery device for an at least partially electrically operated vehicle having a plurality of battery modules, each battery module having at least one battery cell, said battery device comprising:at least one receiving device for receiving the battery modules, wherein the receiving device comprises at least one dividing wall arranged beneath the battery modules, and at least one base plate arranged beneath the dividing wall, and wherein the dividing wall and the base plate are attached to at least one connecting element and are connected to one another by the connecting element while being spaced apart such that at least one cavity is formed between the dividing wall and the base plate, and the connecting element is positioned within the cavity; and
at least one cooling device is positioned within the cavity for controlling a temperature of the battery modules.

US Pat. No. 9,669,695

ASSEMBLY MOUNT FOR THE MOVABLE FASTENING OF A MOTOR VEHICLE ASSEMBLY, AND METHOD FOR THE MOUNTING OF A MOTOR VEHICLE ASSEMBLY

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. An assembly mount for the movable fastening of a motor vehicle assembly, said assembly mount comprising:
a housing which is connectable to a motor vehicle body,
a fastening bolt positioned at least partially within the housing and which projects in a longitudinal direction outside of
the housing via a housing opening to connect to the motor vehicle assembly,

a load-bearing spring which is connected to the housing and to the fastening bolt, wherein the load-bearing spring permits
relative movement of the fastening bolt in the longitudinal and radical directions within the housing opening, and

a compensation element which is movable relative to the housing and relative to the fastening bolt and which serves for varying
a movement clearance in the radical direction of the fastening bolt in the housing opening.

US Pat. No. 9,610,914

ROLLOVER PROTECTION ELEMENT

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A rollover protection element having an elongate rollover element and a bumper element connected at a free end of the rollover
element, the bumper element extending in a width direction of the rollover element and having a circumferential-side wall
and at least one web arranged within the circumferential-side wall, a lower-side region of the circumferential wall of the
bumper element being connected to the rollover element, the at least one web being arranged in a curved manner such that no
web lies perpendicularly on the lower-side region of the circumferential-side wall.

US Pat. No. 9,512,987

LIGHTING DEVICE

DR. ING. H.C. F. PORSCHE ...

1. A lighting device for a rear part of a vehicle, the lighting device comprising:
a housing;
at least one cover panel covering the housing;
a plurality of lighting elements disposed in the housing and forming different lighting units, wherein four of the lighting
elements are arranged in a rectangular arrangement with respect to one another so as to form a first lighting unit, the four
lighting elements of the first lighting unit including two upper lighting elements disposed adjacent to one another and two
lower lighting elements disposed adjacent to one another, wherein the two upper lighting elements are connected to one another
by a first connecting web that extends at least from a first of the upper lighting elements to a second of the upper lighting
elements and the two lower lighting elements are connected to one another by a second connecting web that extends at least
from a first of the lower lighting elements to a second of the lower lighting elements, each of the first and. second connecting
webs being configured to be illuminated so as to contribute to the light emitted by the first lighting unit, the two connecting
webs being connected to one another in an arcuate shape; and

at least one transversely extending second lighting element having an elongated design arranged between the two upper and
the two lower lighting elements.

US Pat. No. 10,118,539

END PLATE FOR A REAR SPOILER OF A VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. An end plate for a rear spoiler of a vehicle, the end plate comprising:a basic body with a fastening portion for fastening to an air directing wing of the rear spoiler,
a first electric conducting body arranged at east in first sections within the basic body,
a second electric conducting body insulated electrically from the first electric conducting body and arranged at least in second sections within the basic body, and
an electric light element which is electrically conductively connected to the two conducting bodies, wherein the electric light element is mounted to the basic body at a location spaced apart from and beneath the fastening portion for fastening to the air directing wing of the rear spoiler.

US Pat. No. 9,976,461

PARTICULATE FILTER FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A particulate filter for a motor vehicle, comprising:a casing having a longitudinal axis and an inner surface allowing through flow through the casing;
a core accommodated in the casing and spaced inward of the inner surface of the casing, the core allowing through flow and being formed from a particulate-absorbing material;
a through flow duct formed in the casing between the inner surface of the casing and the core to allow the through flow of exhaust gas from an internal combustion engine of the motor vehicle; and
at least first and second particulate-absorbing rings arranged in the through flow duct, the first and second rings allowing at least partial through flow therethrough, the first ring being at a first radial position relative to the core and the casing and the second ring being at a second radial position relative to the core and the casing that is different from the first radial position, thereby giving the through flow duct a labyrinth configuration.

US Pat. No. 9,617,911

SWITCHOVER VALVE AND INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A switchover valve for an internal combustion engine that has an adjustable compression ratio for controlling a hydraulic
oil flow in hydraulic chambers of an eccentric adjustment device, comprising:
a sleeve-shaped connecting section having a first bore that connects the switchover valve to a first hydraulic fluid line,
a second bore, that connects the switchover valve to a second hydraulic fluid line, and a venting bore that connects the switchover
valve to a venting duct;

a switching element arranged in the sleeve-shaped connecting section and being displaceable alternately into a first switching
position where a groove in the switching element connects the first hydraulic fluid line to the venting duct and a second
switching position where the groove in the switching element connects the second hydraulic fluid line to the venting duct;
and

a pick-off element extending perpendicular to a direction of displacement of the switching element in the sleeve-shaped connecting
section and that extends through the sleeve-shaped connecting section and interacts with the switching element.

US Pat. No. 9,534,760

LIGHTING ARRANGEMENT FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

DR. ING. H.C. F. PORSCHE ...

1. A lighting arrangement for a motor vehicle, comprising:
a lighting chamber including a light-permeable section and a ventilation opening with a filtering membrane;
a light source for supplying light arranged in the lighting chamber; and
a ventilation arrangement assigned to the ventilation opening so as to supply ambient air through the ventilation opening
to the lighting chamber, the ventilation arrangement including an air outlet opening assigned to the ventilation opening of
the lighting chamber so as to supply the ambient air to the ventilation opening, wherein a distance between the air outlet
opening and the filtering membrane is configured so as to be adjustable.

US Pat. No. 9,347,404

FILTER ARRANGEMENT FOR A TANK VENTILATION SYSTEM OF A FUEL TANK

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A filter arrangement for a tank ventilation system of a fuel tank, comprising at least one housing with opposite first
and second ends, at least a tank-side fuel vapor inlet opening and an engine-side fuel vapor outlet opening in proximity to
the second end of the housing and an atmosphere opening in proximity to the first end of the housing, the filter arrangement
having at least one first adsorption region in proximity to the first end of the housing and at least a second adsorption
region in proximity to the second end of the housing and upstream of the fuel vapor outlet opening, said second adsorption
region taking up between 5% and 15% of an entire volume of the housing and having a substantially lower absorption capacity
than the first adsorption region which is placed in a direction of flow toward the atmosphere opening.

US Pat. No. 10,135,266

BATTERY SYSTEM FOR MOTOR VEHICLE WITH LOSS-FREE SWITCHING AND AUTOMATIC CHARGE EQUALIZATION

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A battery system comprising:a battery having at least one first battery element, at least one second battery element and a center tap between the at least one first battery element and the at least one second battery element,
a power changeover switch having a plurality of switching elements for changing over between the at least one first battery element and the at least one second battery element, and
at least one pair of output terminals that is electrically connected to the battery,
wherein the center tap has a first capacitive store arranged on it that has a store voltage that appears over a time period in accordance with a first or second battery element voltage provided by the first or second battery element,
wherein during the time period in which the store voltage appears, a store current decreases from a maximum value to a value of zero, wherein changeover of at least one of the plurality of switching elements for the purpose of changeover from the at least one first battery element to the at least one second battery element can be performed at a time at which the store current is about zero and the store voltage has reached a maximum value,
wherein the center tap is configured to output the store voltage which has a different magnitude then the first or second battery element voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,093,256

VEHICLE LOAD INTRODUCTION SYSTEM

DR. ING. H.C. F. PORSCHE ...

1. A load introduction system of a vehicle for introducing a load counter to the direction of travel of the vehicle, the load introduction system comprising:a left load support on a left side of the vehicle and a right load support on a right side of the vehicle, wherein the left load support is connected in a force-transmitting manner to a left deformation module on the left side of a front portion of the vehicle and the right load support is connected in a force-transmitting manner to a right deformation module on the right side of the front portion of the vehicle; and
a crossmember which extends in a transverse direction with respect to the direction of travel of the vehicle,
wherein the crossmember is connected in a force-transmitting manner to the left deformation module by a left weld seam that forms a first axis of rotation along which the crossmember is configured to, during a deformation of the left deformation module, rotate relative to the left deformation module, and
wherein the crossmember is connected in a force-transmitting manner to the right deformation module by a right weld seam that forms a second axis of rotation along which the crossmember is configured to, during a deformation of the right deformation module, rotate relative to the right deformation module.

US Pat. No. 10,082,096

METHOD FOR STARTING A MOTOR VEHICLE ENGINE AND ENGINE CONTROL UNIT FOR CONTROLLING A MOTOR VEHICLE ENGINE

DR. ING. H.C. F. PORSCHE ...

11. An engine controller for controlling a motor vehicle engine, comprising:a sensor configured to measure a profile of a rotational speed of an engine shaft of the motor vehicle engine over a time period that includes multiple previous working cycles of a cylinder of the motor vehicle engine, wherein measuring the profile of the rotational speed of the engine shaft of the motor vehicle includes, for each of the multiple previous working cycles of the cylinder, determining a rotational speed increase of the engine shaft and a value of an ignition counter;
a computer programmed to determine, by extrapolating the profile of the rotational speed of the engine shaft of the motor vehicle for a future working cycle of the cylinder, an estimated rotational speed of the engine shaft which is expected to be present after the future working cycle of the cylinder takes place;
a comparator programmed to compare the estimated rotational speed with a resonant rotational speed range of a vibration damper configured as a dual-mass flywheel, wherein resonant vibrations in the vibration damper occur within the resonant rotational speed range; and
a cylinder controller programmed to, if the estimated rotational speed is within the resonant rotational speed range, change at least one of introduction parameters for a fluid to be introduced into the cylinder or an ignition time of the cylinder, by selecting a rotational speed lying outside the resonant rotational speed range which is close to the estimated rotational speed, calculating a cylinder power necessary to reach the selected rotational speed, and adjusting an opening or a closing timing of at least one electrically actuated valve so as to change the estimated rotational speed to be outside the resonant rotational speed range.

US Pat. No. 10,081,262

CHARGING STATION HAVING A CHARGING CABLE WITH ELECTRIC CONTACT WITHIN A FLUID DUCT

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A charging station having a charging cable for charging an electric energy store, the charging cable being connected to the charging station at a proximal end and having a first plug-in apparatus at a distal end for connecting to a second plug-in apparatus of an apparatus to be charged which contains an electric energy store, the first plug-in apparatus having first electric contact elements for electrically and conductively coupling to second electric contact elements of the second plug-in apparatus, the charging cable having electrically connecting lines for electric connection of the first contact elements to a voltage source of the charging station, wherein the charging cable has a fluid duct for guiding a fluid from the charging station toward the first plug-in apparatus and from the first plug-in apparatus back to the charging station again, wherein at least one of the first electric contact elements is positioned within the fluid duct such that said at least one of the first electric contact elements is exposed to and in fluid contact with the fluid within the fluid duct.

US Pat. No. 9,835,451

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING A RIDE HEIGHT OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A method for determining a ride height of a body of a motor vehicle, comprising the following steps:
measuring wheel heights (WH1, WH2, WH3, WH4) at at least four different wheels of the motor vehicle;

selecting different combinations ((WH1, WH2, WH3); (WH1, WH2, WH4); (WH2, WH3, WH4); (WH1, WH3, WH4)) of three of the four measured wheel heights (WH1, WH2, WH3, WH4);

determining the ride height (RH1, RH2, RH3, RH4) of the body for each selection ((WH1, WH2, WH3); (WH1, WH2, WH4); (WH2, WH3, WH4); (WH1, WH3, WH4), respectively);

comparing the determined ride heights (RH1, RH2, RH3, RH4);

determining that at least one measurement value for a wheel height (WH1, WH2, WH3, WH4) is implausible if the determined ride heights (RH1, RH2, RH3, RH4) differ from one another by more than a predetermined amount;

re-determining the ride height (RH1, RH2, RH3, RH4) of the body for each selection ((WH1, WH2, WH3); (WH1, WH2, WH4); (WH2, WH3, WH4); (WH1, WH3, WH4), respectively) while disregarding the at least one measurement value for a wheel height WH1, WH2, WH3, WH4) determined to be implausible; and

adjusting a chassis of the motor vehicle based upon the re-determined ride heights (RH1, RH2, RH3, RH4) of the motor vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,771,881

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

DR. ING. H.C. F. PORSCHE ...

1. A method for controlling an internal combustion engine having a drive output shaft that is coupled to an input shaft of
a transmission, the internal combustion engine and the transmission being encompassed by a drivetrain for the drive of a motor
vehicle, and the method comprising the steps of:
determining a rotational speed of the drive output shaft of the internal combustion engine;
determining a rotational acceleration of the drive output shaft based on the rotational speed of the drive output shaft;
determining a dynamic load torque of the internal combustion engine as a product of the rotational acceleration and a dynamic
moment of inertia of the internal combustion engine, the dynamic load torque being a torque generated by a rotationally acting
mass moment of inertia of the internal combustion engine in the event of a change in engine rotational speed; and

determining a maximum combustion torque of the internal combustion engine from a sum of a predetermined maximum torque at
the input shaft of the transmission and the dynamic load torque of the internal combustion engine.

US Pat. No. 9,738,330

AIR GUIDING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR OPERATING THE SAME

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. An air-guiding device for a passenger vehicle, and which is arranged in a top rear region of the vehicle, comprises:
an air-guiding element which is shiftable from a retracted inoperative position, in which the air-guiding element is integrated
in a surface-flush manner into a shape profile of the rear region, into an extended operating position,

wherein, both in the retracted inoperative position and in the extended operating position, the air-guiding element serves
for guiding air in the rear region of the motor vehicle,

wherein the air-guiding element is assigned at least one propeller which, together with the air-guiding element, is shiftable
between the retracted inoperative position and the extended operating position,

wherein the or each propeller, in the extended operating position, is fixable in a first operating state,
wherein the or each propeller, in the extended operating position, is operable in a second operating state in order to produce
a throughflow in the direction of travel, and

wherein the or each propeller, in the extended operating position, is operable in a third operating state in order to produce
a throughflow opposed to the direction of travel.

US Pat. No. 9,073,509

STEERING APPARATUS FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A steering apparatus for a motor vehicle, having a steering handle which comprises two opposite hand grips of curved form
and in which there is arranged an airbag module, wherein the steering handle is composed of a steering handle structure and
comprises shift paddles and rotary switches arranged to both sides of the airbag module, and the steering handle is configured
to be mounted on the airbag module by means of two fasteners in a V-shaped orientation, which fasteners extend downward to
both sides of the airbag module when the steering handle is in an installed position,
wherein the steering handle structure comprises frame elements which are arranged on both sides of the airbag module and which
are each provided with an approximately rectangular or square opening and which are connected below the airbag module, by
a transverse web, and

wherein the frame elements of the steering handle structure each comprise an outer holding strip, which is connected to the
hand grips, and a respectively opposite inner frame strip, which is connected to integrally formed transverse webs of the
airbag module.

US Pat. No. 9,048,590

CONNECTING APPARATUS FOR TRANSMITTING HIGH-VOLTAGE CURRENT IN THE MOTOR VEHICLE SECTOR

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A connecting apparatus for transmitting high-voltage current in a motor vehicle, comprising:
at least one first connection element;
at least one second connection element; and
at least one shielding housing, wherein:
the second connection element has at least one second housing arrangement with a second insulating housing and at least one
second contact element disposed in the second insulating housing and connected to a current line; and

the first connection element has at least one housing arrangement with a first insulating housing and at least one first contact
disposed in the first insulating housing and connected electrically to an internal conductor of a cable, the first connection
element further having at least one shielding arrangement connected to a shield of the cable, the shielding arrangement being
connected to the shielding housing by a shielding part that includes a shielding sleeve and a spring ring thereon.

US Pat. No. 10,037,051

COMPUTER ARRANGEMENT HAVING A TABLET PART AND A BASE PART

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A computer arrangement comprising a tablet part and a base part which can be detachably connected to one another, wherein a hinge arrangement and a securing device are provided and can be secured in position with respect to one another by means of a setting device, wherein at least one pair of electrical contacts, composed of a first and a second contact element, and at least one plug-type connection composed of a plug component and a receptacle opening, are provided, and in the state in which the tablet part is coupled to the base part they form both an electrical and a mechanical connection, wherein the base part is connected via the hinge arrangement to a pivoting rail that has at least two plug components and at least a first contact element on a longitudinal side directed toward the tablet part, and the tablet part has at least two receptacle openings and at least a second contact element on a longitudinal side directed toward the pivoting rail, wherein, the hinge arrangement has two toothing system pairs and at least one setting device that is assigned to one of the toothing system pairs, and the at least one setting device comprises a friction hinge with two friction elements, each of the toothing system pairs has two toothing system elements that are arranged symmetrically with respect to a transverse axis and the toothing system elements in each of the toothing system pairs engage one in the other, wherein the friction elements of the at least one friction hinge are assigned to the toothing system elements of at least one of the toothing system pairs.

US Pat. No. 10,018,268

COMPENSATION OF INFLUENCE OF TRANSVERSE ACCELERATION ON BRAKING SHIFT-DOWN POINTS

DR. ING. H.C. F. PORSCHE ...

1. A method for controlling an automatic transmission of a vehicle, the method comprising:detecting a deceleration of the vehicle;
detecting a cornering value of the vehicle;
determining, as a function of the deceleration and as a function of the cornering value, a compensated shift-down point, the compensated shift-down point being a rotational speed at which downshifting of the transmission occurs; and
selecting a gear as a function of the compensated shift-down point,
wherein a total force is determined from the deceleration and the cornering value, and
wherein the compensated shift-down point is raised for an increasing total force.

US Pat. No. 9,991,496

TERMINAL HOLDER, BATTERY MODULE AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A battery module for a hybrid or electric vehicle, comprising:at least three round cells for storing electric energy, each of the at least three round cells extending in an axial direction and arranged substantially parallel to each other;
at least one terminal holder arranged axially parallel to the at least three round cells, the at least one terminal holder having opposite first and second ends spaced apart in the axial direction, an annular elastic lip extending radially outward from the first end and the second end defining a plastic head, an annular rib extending radially from the at least one terminal holder at a position between the first and second ends to contact end faces of the at least three round cells; and
a connection terminal held mechanically on the end faces of the at least three round cells by the at least one terminal holder for electrically contacting the at least three round cells, the connection terminal having at least three equidistant apertures aligned with the end faces of the at least three round cells and a fourth aperture aligned with the head of the at least one terminal holder, and the connection terminal being spaced from portions of the at least three round cells by the rib.

US Pat. No. 9,745,912

METHOD FOR AVOIDING PRE-IGNITIONS DURING THE OPERATION OF AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

DR. ING. H.C. F. PORSCHE ...

1. A method for avoiding pre-ignitions during the operation of an internal combustion engine, the method comprising:
measuring a noise level of a combustion process using an acceleration sensor;
analyzing an amplitude of the measured noise level to detect pre-ignitions;
activating a safety operating mode of the internal combustion engine for reducing an effective compression in a combustion
chamber of the internal combustion engine on a sustained basis if, in the analysis, the measured noise level exceeds an amplitude
limiting value n times during a combustion cycle; and

maintaining the safety operating mode until at least one of expiry of a predetermined mileage or expiry of a predetermined
running time of the vehicle automatically triggers deactivation of the safety operating mode.

US Pat. No. 9,406,983

BATTERY MODULE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A battery module for the purely electric driving of a motor vehicle, comprising:
a trough-shaped battery box that runs around a circumferential direction;
an inlet for feeding a coolant into a cooling space that is partially bounded by the battery box;
an outlet for conducting the coolant away from the cooling space;
a plurality of battery cells for storing electrical energy, the battery cells being inserted into the battery box and arranged
in the cooling space;

a retaining plate mounted on the battery box to at least partially close the cooling space, the retaining plate having a plurality
of through holes through which the plurality of battery cells project;

a sealing mat mounted on the retaining plate for sealing clearances formed between the plurality of battery cells and the
plurality of through holes in the retaining plate; and

an insulating layer formed on the sealing mat from a cured sealing compound for fluid-tight sealing of the cooling space,
wherein at least one electrical pole of the battery cell projects out of the cooling space through the insulating layer.

US Pat. No. 9,145,024

FLEXIBLE HOUSING, IN PARTICULAR FOR WRITING IMPLEMENTS, AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING A FLEXIBLE HOUSING

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. An extendable and contractible housing, comprising:
a first section extending longitudinally along an axis and having opposite first and second ends spaced apart along the axis,
a plurality of first trapezoidal projections at the first end of the first section in an axial direction and spaced from one
another in a direction transverse to the axial direction, each of the first trapezoidal projections having opposite side edges
and a distal edge extending between the side edges, each of the first trapezoidal projections being gradually wider at positions
closer to the distal edge, first trapezoidal recesses being defined between the first trapezoidal projections;

a second section extending longitudinally along the axis and having opposite first and second ends, a plurality of second
trapezoidal projections at the second end of the second section in the axial direction and spaced from one another in the
direction transverse to the axial direction, each of the second trapezoidal projections having opposite side edges and a distal
edge extending between the side edges, each of the second trapezoidal projections being gradually wider at positions closer
to the distal edge, second trapezoidal recesses being defined between the second trapezoidal projections, wherein

the first trapezoidal projections are engaged respectively in the second trapezoidal recesses and the second trapezoidal projections
are engaged respectively in the first trapezoidal recesses, the first and second trapezoidal projections and the first and
second trapezoidal recesses being dimensioned to permit limited axial movement of the first section relative to the second
section and to prevent separation of the first and second sections.

US Pat. No. 10,390,465

KNEE RETAINER WITH A HEAT-CONDUCTING DEVICE

DR. ING. H.C. F. PORSCHE ...

7. A vehicle, comprising:a region which is to be protected against temperature effects caused by tempered air;
a knee bracket having at least one deflector device configured to deflect the tempered air in such a manner that the tempered air is conducted past the region;
an entertainment system configured to conduct the tempered air that has been tempered by the entertainment system to the at least one deflector device arranged on the knee bracket; and
an air conditioning system with a temperature sensor,
wherein at least one of the knee bracket or the entertainment system are at least partially arranged in a region within a knee impact region of the vehicle, and
wherein the temperature sensor is arranged on the vehicle in such a manner that the tempered air from the entertainment system is conducted by the at least one deflector device of the knee bracket past the temperature sensor in such a manner that an interior temperature of the vehicle is correctly detected independently of the tempered air by the temperature sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,009,289

CONTROL DEVICE FOR CONNECTING A CAN BUS TO A RADIO NETWORK, AND MOTOR VEHICLE HAVING SUCH A CONTROL DEVICE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A control device for connecting a controller area network (CAN) bus to a radio network, comprising:a wireless controller, a microcontroller, a CAN controller and a CAN transceiver,
the CAN controller has a first channel and a second channel for transmitting (Tx) and receiving (Rx) frames,
the microcontroller is connected to the wireless controller and to the first channel of the CAN controller,
the CAN transceiver is connected to the second channel of the CAN controller and to the CAN bus, and
the CAN controller transmits or blocks a frame received on the first channel from the wireless controller through the microcontroller for delivery to the CAN bus on a basis of an identifier of the frame received on the second channel from the CAN transceiver, wherein the largest possible identifiers denote permissible functions, the CAN controller supports at least two CAN channels, and the CAN controller transmits the frame if the identifier denotes one of the following permissible functions:
diagnosis,
network management,
component protection, or
a customer function.

US Pat. No. 9,994,256

STIFFENING ELEMENT FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE FRAME

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A subframe and a stiffening element for the subframe of a motor vehicle, the subframe including two longitudinally extending portions that are spaced apart in a lateral direction, and the stiffening element being monolithic and comprising a substantially horizontal section that extends laterally between the two longitudinally extending portions of the subframe and confers rigidity to the subframe in a horizontal plane, a substantially vertical section that extends vertically and confers rigidity to the subframe in a vertical plane, and a curved section extending vertically between the horizontal section and the vertical section and extending horizontally from one longitudinally extending portion to the other longitudinally extending portion, wherein the stiffening element is arrangeable on the subframe above a steering mechanism.

US Pat. No. 9,991,571

BATTERY MODULE WITH FLANGES IN FLUIDIC COMMUNICATION

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A battery module for providing purely electric drive of a motor vehicle, the battery module comprising:a first partial module having a first partial housing with a first volume surrounded by at least one first sidewall, a plurality of first battery cells accommodated in the first volume, each of the plurality of first battery cells extending in an axial direction and parallel to each other, and a first intermediate space between the plurality of first battery cells and the at least one first side wall, and at least one first tubular flange protruding into the first intermediate space to accommodate a flow of a cooling medium from the at least one tubular flange and through the first partial module for cooling the plurality of first battery cells; and
a second partial module connected to the first partial module, the second partial module having a second partial housing with a second volume surrounded by at least one second sidewall, a plurality of second battery cells accommodated in the second volume, each of the plurality of second battery cells arranged coaxially with one of the plurality of first battery cells, and a second intermediate space between the plurality of second of battery cells and the at least one second side wall, and at least one second tubular flange protruding into the second intermediate space, the at least one second tubular flange being in fluidic communication with the at least one first tubular flange to accommodate a flow of the cooling medium from the at least one first tubular flange to the at least one second tubular flange and into the second partial module for cooling the second battery cells.

US Pat. No. 9,938,891

METHOD AND CONTROL DEVICE FOR OPERATING AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

10. A control device of an internal combustion engine, comprising executable instructions stored on non-transitory memory for:actuating a driver actuable input device for selecting one of a first operating mode and a second operating mode;
operating, via a controller of the internal combustion engine valves associated with the respective cylinders of the internal combustion engine to provide charge air for the cylinders of the internal combustion engine either exclusively by the first exhaust-gas turbocharger of the at least one cylinder row of the internal combustion engine or by both the first exhaust-gas turbocharger of the at least one cylinder row of the internal combustion engine and the second exhaust-gas turbocharger of the at least one cylinder row of the internal combustion engine in a manner dependent on an at least one measured operating condition of the internal combustion engine compared to one of:
a first set of operating conditions of the internal combustion engine if the driver has selected the first operating mode,
wherein the first operating mode is an economy operating mode; and
a second set of operating conditions of the internal combustion engine if the driver has selected the second operating mode,
wherein the second operating mode is a sport operating mode.

US Pat. No. 9,783,031

ROOF SYSTEM FOR A CABRIOLET MOTOR VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A roof system for a cabriolet motor vehicle, comprising:
a folding top that is movable between deployed and retracted positions;
a folding-top compartment lid moveable between an open position and a closed position in which the folding-top compartment
lid covers the folding top that is in the retracted position; and

at least one side fin provided on a side of the folding-top compartment lid, the at least one side fin being movable from:
a use position in which the side fin forms a rearward elongation of a support pillar in the deployed position of the folding
top and with folding-top compartment lid in the closed position,

a pivoted-away position in which the side fin is pivoted outwardly away from the folding-top compartment lid about a pivot
axis parallel to a direction of travel of the motor vehicle so that the folding-top compartment lid is moving independently
of the at least one side fin between the closed and open positions, and

a pivoted-in position in which the side fin is moved to a position below the folding-top compartment lid, at least part of
the movement of the side fin to the pivoted-in position being a pivoting movement about the pivot axis.

US Pat. No. 9,713,959

MOTOR VEHICLE HAVING A HYBRID DRIVE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A motor vehicle having a hybrid drive which comprises at least one wheel which can be driven by an electric machine, said
motor vehicle comprising:
a brake system with a pedal and two master brake cylinders which fluidically activate wheel brakes on the basis of a movement
of the pedal, wherein pistons of the two master brake cylinders are rigidly coupled to one another via a connecting element,

a recuperation device that permits recuperation of energy in a recuperation phase during a braking process, the recuperation
device comprising a pressure-reducing valve device that reduces the brake pressure in the recuperation phase, a first master
brake cylinder of the two master brake cylinders embodied as a compensator for compensating a hydraulic effect of the pressure-reducing
valve device, and an equalization chamber,

wherein the pressure-reducing valve device comprises a hydraulic actuator and a balance cylinder hydraulically connected to
the hydraulic actuator by a balance piston, the balance piston dividing two hydraulic chambers within the balance cylinder,

wherein a first hydraulic chamber of the two hydraulic chambers is fluidically connected to the first master brake cylinder
of the two master brake cylinders, and a second hydraulic chamber of the two hydraulic chambers is fluidically connected to
a second master brake cylinder of the two master brake cylinders,

wherein the first master brake cylinder of the two master brake cylinders is also fluidly connected to the equalization chamber,
wherein fluid delivered either into or from the hydraulic actuator during the recuperation phase biases the balance piston,
which causes fluid to be delivered from the first hydraulic chamber of the balance cylinder into the first master brake cylinder
and then into the equalization chamber.

US Pat. No. 9,048,463

POUCH-CELL BATTERY ARRANGEMENT AND CORRESPONDING PRODUCTION METHOD AND USE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A pouch-cell battery arrangement having:
a pouch-cell battery with an electrode arrangement packed in a pouch, the pouch having opposite main surfaces, opposite sides
extending between the main surfaces and opposite ends extending between the main surfaces and the sides, the main surfaces
having a corrugated non-planar shape;

a covering comprising a shrink sleeve surrounding at least the sides and the main surfaces of the pouch and conforming to
the corrugated non-planar shape of the main surfaces and to shapes of the sides in an interlocking manner;

a compensating compound applied to parts of the shrink sleeve covering the main surfaces of the pouch, the compensating compound
having an inner surface in contact with the shrink sleeve and conforming to the non-planar shape of the main surface and an
outer surface facing away from the shrink sleeve and having a substantially planar surface area; and

at least one cold plate in face-to-face contact with the substantially planar outer surface area of the compensating compound.

US Pat. No. 10,128,549

ELECTRICAL ENERGY STORE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. An electrical energy store for a motor vehicle, comprising:a plurality of pouch battery cells arranged substantially parallel to one another, each of the pouch battery cells having first and second opposite parallel surfaces and opposite first and second sides extending between the first and second surfaces, and a cell terminal end extending between the first and second surfaces and between the first and second sides, a first pole and a second pole projecting from the cell terminal end of each of the pouch battery cells at positions spaced from one another and at positions spaced inward from the first and second sides respectively,
electrically insulating flexible foil sheets formed from plastic with heat-conducting graphite particles therein, the foil sheets being arranged between adjacent pouch battery cells of the plurality of pouch battery cells and each of the foil sheets having:
opposite first and second surfaces in surface-to-surface areal contact with one of the first and second opposite surfaces of each of the adjacent pouch battery cells,
opposite first and second sides extending between the first and second surfaces of the respective foil sheet and substantially registered respectively with the first and second sides of the pouch battery cell adjacent thereto,
an edge substantially aligned with the cell terminal ends of each of the adjacent pouch battery cells, and
first and second projections projecting from the edge at positions aligned respectively with the first and second poles of the adjacent pouch battery cells so that the projections align with the poles in an alignment direction, and
an inlet duct adjacent the terminal ends of the pouch battery cells and extending linearly in the alignment direction at positions entirely between the first poles and the first sides thereof, an outlet duct adjacent the terminal ends of the pouch battery cells and extending linearly in the alignment direction at positions entirely between the second poles and the second sides thereof and cooling ducts extending between the inlet and outlet ducts at positions respectively between the terminal ends of the adjacent pouch battery cells, the cooling ducts carrying a cooling fluid between the inlet duct and the outlet duct and being connected in heat-transmitting fashion to the cell terminals and to the first and second projections of the foil sheets;
wherein the foil sheets conduct heat from both the surface of the adjacent pouch battery cells and from the first and second poles and wherein the cooling ducts conduct heat from both the projections of the foil sheets and the cell terminals.

US Pat. No. 10,061,413

OPERATING ELEMENT

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. An operating element which is cylindrical or elliptical and has two discrete touch panels with touch-sensitive surfaces, the touch panels being arranged on two outer sides of the operating element which face away from one another, an operating command being able to be input by simultaneously touching the surfaces of both touch panels, wherein no operating command can be input if only one of the touch panels of the two discrete touch panels is touched, a first focal point for touch being able to be detected on a first touch panel and a second focal point for touch being able to be detected on the second touch panel, and a single direction associated with the operating command being able to be dynamically determined by comparing the detected focal points of the two touch panels resulting from the simultaneous touching of the surfaces of the two touch panels,wherein the operating element is configured to be arranged in a motor vehicle for which a forward direction of travel is provided,
wherein a virtual main axis of the operating element, which runs through a center of the operating element, is positioned parallel to the forward direction of travel.

US Pat. No. 10,011,179

METHOD FOR OPERATING A RESONANT DC-DC CONVERTER OF A CHARGER

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A DC-DC converter comprising:a first primary side transformation coil and at least one second primary side transformation coil that are arranged in series one behind another;
a secondary side transformation coil arranged alongside each of the first and at least one second primary side transformation coils;
a respective semiconductor switch being connected in parallel with the at least one second primary side transformation coil, the at least one second primary side transformation coil being switched on or off by the semiconductor switch;
a computing unit configured to alter the state of the respective semiconductor switch to alter a ratio of a number of turns of the first and at least one second primary side transformation coils to a number of turns of the secondary side transformation coil depending on a present value of at least one operating parameter of the charger to optimize and efficiency of the charger.

US Pat. No. 9,694,858

FRONT OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A front of a motor vehicle that has a wheel arch, comprising:
an air inlet opening forward of the wheel arch;
a first air duct that emanates from the air inlet opening for accommodating a flow of air, the first air duct having a downstream
end that opens into the wheel arch;

a heat exchanger in the first air duct;
a second air duct that emanates from the air inlet opening at a location substantially adjacent the first air duct, the second
air duct having no heat exchanger and guiding an air flow into the wheel arch or to a position of the wheel arch adjacent
a laterally outer side of the motor vehicle; and

an air flow control apparatus at an upstream end of at least one of the first and second air ducts and in proximity to the
air inlet opening, the air flow control apparatus controlling air flow through at least one the first and second air ducts.

US Pat. No. 9,515,304

BATTERY TRAY FOR A BATTERY HOUSING OF A MOTOR VEHICLE BATTERY

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A battery tray for a battery housing of a motor vehicle battery, the battery housing having outwardly directed projections
on sides in each case facing away from one another in the base region, wherein the battery tray has a base for receiving the
battery housing in the region of the base thereof, side walls on two sides facing away from each other, an end wall connected
to the side walls and a clamping element that is connectable to the base, wherein the end wall and a first side wall of the
side walls are provided with groove-shaped recesses running parallel to the base for the insertable receiving of those projections
of the battery housing that face said walls, and, for the engagement behind that projection of the battery housing that faces
the clamping element, the clamping element is connectable to the base on that side of the battery tray that faces away from
the end wall, characterized in that part of the clamping element is a first block-forming element, for positioning the battery
housing on the side thereof facing the second side wall of the side walls, and the second side wall has a second block-forming
element in the region of the end wall, for positioning the battery tray on the side thereof facing the second side wall, the
clamping element being connected to the base of the battery tray by at least one screw that passes through a bearing element
that permits the clamping element to be accommodated with play in a Y direction of a vehicle coordinate system, and the bearing
element having a first bearing element part with an inclined upper surface and forming part of the clamping element, and a
second, separate bearing part with an inclined lower surface in contact with the inclined upper surface, a threaded bolt of
the screw passing through a hole in the second bearing part and passing through a hole in the first bearing part with play
in the direction of the end wall, and the screw being screwed into a threaded sleeve in the base.

US Pat. No. 10,122,126

MODULAR SYSTEM HAVING A PLURALITY OF MODULES THAT CAN BE ELECTRICALLY CONNECTED TO ONE ANOTHER

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A modular system, comprising:a plurality of modules that can be electrically connected to one another;
a first contact-making means; and
a second contact-making means;
wherein at least two first modules from amongst the modules can be connected to one another in series,
wherein, in a connected state of the first modules, the first contact-making means is arranged between the first modules,
wherein a second module from amongst the modules has the second contact-making means,
wherein the first contact-making means and the second contact-making means are configured to make electrical contact with one another,
wherein the first contact-making means and the second contact-making means are configured, when making electrical contact with one another, firstly to connect the first modules to the second module and then to isolate the connection of the first modules from one another.

US Pat. No. 10,053,152

SILL FOR A VEHICLE

DR. ING. H.C. F. PORSCHE ...

1. A sill for a body structure of a vehicle, the sill, in an installed state, extending substantially in a longitudinal direction of the vehicle, the sill comprising:an outer sill part which is of shell-like or hat-like cross section and has an outer sill strength;
an inner sill part which is of shell-like or hat-like cross section and has an inner sill strength, the outer sill part and the inner sill part being connected to one another at respective upper and lower ends thereof via flanges which extend in the longitudinal direction;
a middle sill part which is positioned between the outer sill part and the inner sill part, is of shell-like or hat-like cross section and has a middle sill strength, the middle sill part being connected to the inner sill part;
wherein, in a region of a front section of the sill as viewed in the longitudinal direction of the vehicle, the outer sill part has a strength which is lower than a mean strength of the sill, which is dependent on the outer silt strength, the inner sill strength and the middle sill strength and masses thereof,
wherein, in the region of the front section of the sill as viewed in the longitudinal direction of the vehicle, the middle sill part is shortened in the longitudinal direction in comparison with the outer sill part and the inner sill part and the middle sill part has a first extent which increases from front to rear in a transverse direction so as to form a first ramp-like contour which forms a sliding surface for a front wheel of the vehicle in case of a crash, and
wherein, in a region of a rear section of the sill as viewed in the longitudinal direction of the vehicle, the middle sill part has a second extent which decreases from front to rear in the transverse direction so as to form a second ramp-like contour.

US Pat. No. 10,038,354

ARRANGEMENT OF AN ELECTRIC MACHINE AND OF A TRANSMISSION CONNECTED DOWNSTREAM THEREOF

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. An arrangement for driving at least one wheel of a motor vehicle, the arrangement comprising:an electric machine;
a transmission connected downstream of the electric machine and arranged entirely within the electric machine; and
a common cooling device having a cooling water jacket that is utilized for cooling both the electric machine and the transmission;
wherein the cooling water jacket is arranged adjacent to and between the electric machine and the transmission.

US Pat. No. 9,937,880

SEAT ACTUATING ELEMENT FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE SEAT

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A seat actuating element for adjusting a position of a motor vehicle seat, the seat actuating element mounted on a seat wall of the motor vehicle seat and comprising:a guide rod received movably in an opening in the seat wall, the guide rod having an axis arranged substantially normal to the seat wall, the guide rod being movable in at least one direction normal to the axis of the guide rod to adjust the position of the motor vehicle seat;
an element head mounted on the guide rod, the element head having a facing surface spaced from and facing the seat wall, and a pressing surface opposite the facing surface, at least one indentation provided in the facing surface of the seat actuating element and extending towards the pressing surface, the at least one indentation having a cross-section that narrows from the facing surface towards the pressing surface; and
at least one protrusion projecting from the seat wall at a position facing the at least one indentation and configured to be inserted into the at least one indentation, wherein
the at least one protrusion is received in the at least one indentation to prevent movement of the guide rod normal to the axis of the guide rod to form a non-positive connection to prevent inadvertent actuation of the seat actuating element.

US Pat. No. 9,925,856

ARRANGEMENT IN A MOTOR VEHICLE

DR. ING. H.C. F. PORSCHE ...

1. An arrangement in a motor vehicle, the arrangement comprising:a subframe; and
an energy source arranged in a region of the subframe and components which are assigned to the energy source, the energy source and the components being positioned at least one of in front of the subframe in a driving direction or behind the subframe in the driving direction,
wherein the subframe has a window which exceeds the external dimensions of at least one of the energy source or the components and is configured to allow the at least one of the energy source or the components to dip into the window.

US Pat. No. 9,914,457

METHOD FOR SETTING A CLUTCH TORQUE

DR. ING. H.C. F. PORSCHE ...

1. A method for setting a clutch torque between an engine and a drive of a vehicle during a starting process of the vehicle,
the method comprising:
increasing the clutch torque during a first phase,
limiting the clutch torque to a first torque value during the first phase, and
further increasing the clutch torque in a second phase after an engine rotational speed increases above a rotational speed
limit,

wherein in the second phase the clutch torque is increased in accordance with a first time behavior,
wherein, after a predefined torque limit is reached, the clutch torque is increased in accordance with a second time behavior
in a third phase,

wherein, the first time behavior constitutes a faster increase in the clutch torque over time than the second time behavior.

US Pat. No. 9,751,481

CROSSMEMBER

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A crossmember for a front bumper of a motor vehicle, the motor vehicle including a cooler arranged at least partly below
the crossmember, the crossmember comprising:
a crossmember main body extending in a direction transverse to a longitudinal direction of the motor vehicle, the crossmember
main body having opposite first and second ends with exit-air outlet openings and a cavity extending between the exit-air
outlet openings, a rear side with at least one exit-air inlet opening formed in the rear side at a position centrally located
between the first and second ends, and a dividing body disposed in the cavity and extending at least partially between the
first and second ends in the direction transverse to the longitudinal direction, and closed top, bottom, and front sides;

and
an exit-air guiding device arranged behind the cooler and configured to collect exit-air emerging from the cooler and to direct
at least a portion of the exit-air to the exit-air inlet opening for delivery of the exit-air to the exit-air outlet openings
of the crossmember.

US Pat. No. 10,094,036

METHOD FOR PRODUCING A MOTOR VEHICLE BODY IN A HYBRID DESIGN

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A method for producing a motor vehicle body in a hybrid design, comprising: providing a bodyshell structure having a structure frame; providing a floor module as a fiber composite component; passing the structure frame through a CDC process; and after the CDC process connecting the floor module to the structure frame.

US Pat. No. 9,991,037

ELECTRICAL MACHINE, COIL ASSEMBLY FOR AN ELECTRICAL MACHINE, AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAID COIL ASSEMBLY

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A coil assembly for an electrical machine, comprising a coil former made of an electrically non-conductive ceramic material and including a hollow tubular main body and spaced apart webs projecting radially out from the main body so that outwardly open radially extending spaces are defined between the webs and outward of the main body; and a coil radially out from the main body of the coil former and held in the radially extending spaces between the webs of the coil former, the coil being made of an electrically conductive metal material in the form of a non-stranded coil molding so that the coil completely fills the radially extending spaces between the webs of the coil former and is coupled thermally to the core and the webs of the coil former.

US Pat. No. 9,920,802

BRAKE PAD FOR FASTENING ON A BRAKE CALIPER OF A VEHICLE BRAKING DEVICE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A brake pad for fastening on a brake caliper of a vehicle braking device having a brake disk with an outside radius (AR),
an inside radius (IR), and a disk center (SM), said brake pad having a main body and a brake lining arranged over an extended
area on the main body, wherein the main body has at least two guide openings to receive in each case one guide pin, wherein
each of the guide openings has an inner wall forming a surface comprising a guiding portion that comes into contact during
braking with the respective guide pin received in the guide opening, each guiding portion comprising an arc of a circle defined
by a radius of guidance (FR) with a common center of guidance (FM), wherein the center of guidance (FM) is identical or substantially
identical with the disk center (SM) of the brake disk of the vehicle braking device, the guiding portions together forming
a common guide path coinciding with the circle defined by the radius of guidance (FM).

US Pat. No. 9,705,117

BATTERY HOUSING PART

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A battery housing part for a traction battery for a purely electric drive of a motor vehicle, comprising:
opposite first and second housing walls for laterally covering battery cells, the first and second housing walls extending
vertically from a floor level to a cover level and horizontally from a left side level to a right side level; and

at least one reinforcement profile connected to the first and second housing walls for at least partial dissipation of impact
forces in a crash of the motor vehicle, the reinforcement profile being spaced apart both from the floor level and the cover
level and from the left side level and the right side level

wherein the first housing wall, the second housing wall and the reinforcement profile are manufactured by aluminum high pressure
continuous casting.

US Pat. No. 10,035,545

SIDE SILL FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE WITH A SILL PANEL

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A side sill for a motor vehicle, with an outer sill panel of profiled cross section, the outer sill panel being of multi-part design and comprising: a lower first sill panel part that faces a roadway and is composed of a light weight reinforced thermoplastic (LWRT) that is acoustically active for reducing stone impact noise, the first sill panel part being connected to an upper second sill panel part composed of plastic (PTT), the first sill panel part being joined to the second sill panel part at a flat overlap formed by a planar extension of the second sill panel part and an offset planar extension of the first sill panel part, the offset planar extension of the first sill panel part being secured in face-to-face contact with an inwardly facing surface of the planar extension of the second sill panel part and so that an outer surface of the planar extension of the second sill panel part is flush with an outer surface of the first sill panel part adjacent the offset planar extension of the first sill panel part.

US Pat. No. 10,087,830

SWITCHING VALVE AND INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A switching valve for an internal combustion engine having an adjustable compression ratio for controlling the flow of hydraulic oil in the hydraulic chambers of an eccentric adjustment device, said switching valve comprising:a switching element, in a surface of which a groove is formed;
a sleeve-shaped connecting section, which has a first bore, which connects the switching valve with a first hydraulic fluid line, a second bore, which connects the switching valve with a second hydraulic fluid line, and a venting bore, which connects the switching valve to a venting duct,
wherein the switching element is guided so as to be movable in the connecting section by forming a gap between the surface of the switching element and a corresponding guide face of the connecting section,
wherein the switching element is configured to be moved into a first switched position or a second switched position, wherein in the first switched position the groove which is formed in the switching element connects the first hydraulic fluid line to the venting duct, wherein in the second switched position the groove which is formed in the switching element connects the second hydraulic fluid line to the venting duct,
wherein the switching element is configured to be secured in the first switched position and the second switched position; and
at least one sealing element for sealing the gap, at least in certain sections, between the switching element and the connecting section, wherein the sealing element encircles the groove.

US Pat. No. 10,059,283

MOTOR VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. H.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A motor vehicle, comprising:a body side part having an exterior surface facing outward on the motor vehicle, the exterior surface of the body side part having an edge;
a trim component having an exterior surface facing outward on the motor vehicle, the exterior surface of the trim component having an edge parallel to and spaced from the edge of the body side part; and
an additional component between the body side part and the trim component, the additional component having an exterior surface facing outward on the vehicle, the exterior surface of the additional component having a first edge substantially abutting and extending along the edge of the exterior surface of the body side part and a second edge substantially abutting and extending along the edge of the exterior surface of the trim component so that the exterior surface of the additional component extends between the edge of the exterior surface of the body side part and the edge of the exterior surface of the trim component, and the exterior surface of the body side part, the exterior surface of the trim component, and the exterior surface of the additional component are continuous with each other along selected areas of the additional component, the additional component further comprising first and second limbs joined to the respective first and second edges of the exterior surface of the additional component and extending inwardly from the exterior surfaces of the additional component, and the body side part and the trim component, a recess being formed in exterior part of the additional component for producing an air stream to ventilate an electronic component in proximity to the body side part and the trim component.

US Pat. No. 9,987,957

ARMREST FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. An armrest for an inner surface of a motor vehicle door, comprising:a support mounted on the inner surface of the motor vehicle door and extending in a longitudinal direction of the motor vehicle;
an armrest element arranged on an upper side of the support;
a control panel element arranged on the upper side of the support and spaced from the armrest element in the longitudinal direction;
a first means for adjusting at least one of a height and an angle of inclination of the armrest element relative to the support; and
a second means for adjusting at least one of a height and an angle of inclination of the control panel element relative to the support.

US Pat. No. 9,989,105

ELECTRIC ACTUATOR

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. An electric actuator for a clutch arrangement of a hybrid motor vehicle that has an internal combustion engine and an electric machine for providing drive power for the hybrid motor vehicle, the electric actuator comprising:an electric drive unit for providing mechanical driving force;
an electric control unit connected to the electric drive unit to control the electric drive unit, and
a cooling circuit having at least one coolant line that carries a coolant for cooling the internal combustion engine, the cooling circuit including a radiator that dissipates thermal energy in the coolant to the surroundings, thereby cooling the coolant, the cooling circuit further having a cooling element that is connected thermally to electric components of the electric drive unit and/or the electric control unit, the cooling element being connected to the coolant line that communicates with the radiator so that the coolant that has been cooled at the radiator can be conducted through the cooling element to dissipate heat from the electric components.

US Pat. No. 10,412,822

ELECTRICAL CONTACTING ARRANGEMENT

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. An electrical contacting arrangement for electrical power components, comprising:a printed circuit board for mounting the electrical power components,
a plurality of line elements fixed to the printed circuit board and electrically or thermally connected to one another in each case by a connecting portion, wherein each line element has a metal main body, wherein the metal main body has an electrical connection contact in order to electrically contact the respective line element with respect to the printed circuit board or one of the electrical power components, and wherein the metal main body has a fastening portion in order to fix the respective line element on the printed circuit board, and
wherein each line element is formed separately from the printed circuit board and the electrical connection contact and the fastening portion are formed separately from one another.