US Pat. No. 9,896,091

OPTIMIZED PATH PLANNER FOR AN AUTONOMOUS VALET PARKING SYSTEM FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

Ohio State Innovation Fou...

1. A method for autonomously parking or un-parking a motor vehicle, the method comprising:
locating the motor vehicle relative to a parking area;
selecting a destination location within the parking area;
generating a path from the location of the motor vehicle to the destination location, wherein the path includes a plurality
of linked nodes, each node having a cost associated therewith, wherein the cost of a child node is equal to an inherited cost
plus a base cost and a change cost, wherein the change cost is a function of characteristics of a parent node;

autonomously driving the motor vehicle along the path from the location of the motor vehicle to the destination location.

US Pat. No. 9,616,863

PARK BRAKE LOCK MECHANISM WITH ENHANCED LOCKING

Dura Operating, LLC, Aub...

1. A park brake assembly comprising:
a base;
a park brake lever pivotal about the base;
a pawl pivotal about a pawl pivot, the pawl linked to the brake lever;
a mounting bracket attached to the brake lever and rotatable about a pivot pin attached to the base;
a sector attached to the base, the pawl releasably locking and unlocking relative to the sector;
the brake lever including a rod connected to an actuator for actuating the park brake assembly and a spring member contacting
the pawl at one end of the spring member and contacting the mounting bracket at another end of the spring member biasing the
actuator and biasing the pawl about the pawl pivot and into engagement with the sector;

wherein the pawl includes a pivot slot that receives the pawl pivot and wherein the pawl translates about the pawl pivot changing
a contact of the pawl relative to the sector when the sector exerts a force upon the pawl when there is a friction force between
the pawl and sector preventing the pawl from entering the sector.

US Pat. No. 9,849,757

EXTRUDED MEMBER CORNER CONNECTION

DURA Operating LLC, Aubu...

1. A connecting device for coupling first and second members, the connecting device comprising:
a body having a first leg and a second leg integrally connected to the first leg, the first and the second legs oriented at
an angle with respect to each other;

a rigid material core extending through the first leg and the second leg;
a resilient material sleeve covering the core of both the first leg and the second leg; and
first and second depressions disposed in each of the first leg and the second leg extending through the sleeve;
wherein the first leg is frictionally received in the first member and the second leg frictionally received in the second
member to couple the first member to the second member.

US Pat. No. 9,139,169

RELEASE MECHANISM FOR A PARKING BRAKE CLUTCH

Dura Operating LLC, Aubu...

1. A parking brake assembly for a motor vehicle, said parking brake assembly comprising:
a pivot shaft supported in the motor vehicle by a fixed support;
a brake pedal lever pivotally coupled to the pivot shaft by a main pivot having an outer surface;
a roller clutch having a roller support disposed generally coaxially with the main pivot and directly engaging the main pivot,
the roller clutch having at least one unidirectional roller disposed between the outer surface of the main pivot and an inner
circumferential surface of the roller support and allowing unidirectional movement of the main pivot and brake pedal lever
relative to the roller support, the roller support being rotatably coupled to the fixed support; and

a lock-release mechanism having a block selectively movable between a locked position engaging the fixed and roller supports
to prevent rotation of the roller support relative to the fixed support and an unlocked position disengaged from the roller
support to allow rotation of the roller support, main pivot and brake pedal lever together in a direction opposite the unidirectional
movement.

US Pat. No. 9,440,516

LATCHING MECHANISM FOR TRANSIT WINDOW ASSEMBLY FOR VEHICLES

Dura Operating, LLC, Aub...

18. A transit window assembly for a transit vehicle comprising:
a substantially transparent panel;
an egress frame coupled to the panel;
a latching mechanism attached to the egress frame and the vehicle, the latching mechanism coupling and decoupling the panel
relative to the vehicle respectively preventing and allowing movement of the panel relative to the vehicle between open and
closed positions, the latching mechanism retaining the panel in first and second directions when coupling the panel relative
to the vehicle when the panel is in the closed position, said first direction being a direction of outward movement of the
panel relative to the vehicle and said second direction being a direction of upward movement of the panel relative to the
vehicle wherein the latching mechanism includes at least one shoulder bolt and at least one retainer, the retainer including
a slot formed therein, the retainer fixed to the vehicle and the at least one shoulder bolt moveable in and out of the slot,
the shoulder bolt including a head having a diameter greater than a width of the slot and wherein the retainer includes a
peripheral edge cam surface wherein a shank of the shoulder bolt contacts the angled peripheral edge cam surface causing the
shoulder bolt to slide linearly relative to the egress frame which applies a force to a biasing member coupled to the latching
mechanism storing a tension force in the biasing member pulling the shoulder bolt into the slot when the panel is moved relative
to the vehicle from the open position to the closed position.

US Pat. No. 9,809,262

CABLE ATTACHMENT ASSEMBLY FOR A SPARE WHEEL

DURA Operating, LLC, Aub...

1. An assembly for connecting a spare wheel to a motor vehicle with a tether, the spare wheel having at least one bolt hole,
the assembly comprising:
an eyelet bracket having a first member angled with respect to a second member, the first member connectable to the tether
and the second member defining an eyelet;

a rod that defines an axis and is connected to the first member, the rod configured to be disposed in the bolt hole of the
spare wheel; and

a clip connected to the second member, the clip having a retaining feature extended towards the rod and a tab extended through
the eyelet,

wherein the second member of the eyelet bracket prevents the eyelet bracket from rotating about the axis and the retaining
feature of the clip prevents the eyelet bracket from moving in one direction along the axis.

US Pat. No. 9,610,829

HYBRID MULTI-MATERIAL OUTERBELT REINFORCEMENT

DURA OPERATING, LLC, Aub...

1. A hybrid multi-material outerbelt reinforcement assembly for a motor vehicle door frame, comprising:
a metal body, the metal body having a first portion and a second portion integrally connected to the first portion defining
a junction, the second portion oriented at an angle with respect to the first portion;

a polymeric material reinforcing rib having a rib end contacting the metal body generally at the junction defined between
the first portion and the second portion, and having a rib body extending away from the junction and spatially separated from
each of the first portion and the second portion; and

multiple flanges integrally connected to the reinforcing rib, each of the flanges directly connected to both the first portion
and the second portion to mitigate against a torsional rotation of the metal body that increases or decreases the angle of
the second portion with respect to the first portion.

US Pat. No. 9,447,845

ANTI-BACKDRIVE ACTUATOR ASSEMBLY

Dura Operating, LLC, Aub...

13. An actuator assembly, comprising:
a drive;
a gear set coupled with the drive including at least two gears;
a drive member moved by at least one gear of the gear set;
an interface member coupled to the gear set and engaged by the drive member so that the interface member rotates in response
to rotation of said at least one gear; and

an output coupled to the interface member wherein in at least one position of the interface member the gear set binds to prevent
rotation of said at least one gear and the interface member which prevents backdrive rotation of the output and in at least
one position of the interface member backdrive of the output is permitted.

US Pat. No. 9,587,421

DUAL CLUTCH CABLE CONTROL SYSTEM

DURA OPERATING, LLC, Aub...

1. A cable control system, comprising:
a spool on which a portion of a cable may be taken up and released;
an input shaft coupled to the spool;
a motor coupled to the input shaft to drive the input shaft and spool in a first direction to take up cable on the spool and
in a second direction to release cable from the spool;

a first clutch having a first member coupled to the input shaft and a second member coupled to the spool, wherein the first
clutch selectively permits rotation of the second member relative to the first member to allow rotation of the spool in the
first direction without corresponding rotation of the motor; and

a second clutch having a first member coupled to the input shaft and a second member coupled to the spool, wherein the second
clutch selectively permits rotation of the second clutch second member relative to the second clutch first member to allow
rotation of the spool in the second direction without corresponding rotation of the motor.

US Pat. No. 9,529,378

VEHICLE SHIFTER ASSEMBLY

Dura Operating, LLC, Aub...

1. A vehicle shift lever assembly, comprising:
a shift lever movable to permit changing a transmission mode;
a selector path including multiple stations through which the shift lever may be moved and including a home station, the stations
corresponding to different transmission modes, the selector path having feedback features between adjacent stations that provide
an indication that the shift lever has been moved from one station to the next as the shift lever is moved to change from
one transmission mode to another;

a return path separate from at least a portion of the selector path and at least one of the feedback features;
a coupler associated with the shift lever and selectively associated with the selector path and the return path in response
to movement of the shift lever, the coupler being positioned in one or more stations during at least a portion of the movement
of the shift lever and the coupler is responsive to the feedback features during relative movement between the coupler and
the stations; and

an actuator that moves the shift lever to the home station when the shift lever has been moved away from the home station
and in the absence of a greater counterforce on the shift lever, the coupler, selector path and return path being arranged
to position the coupler within the return path when the shift lever is moved by the actuator.

US Pat. No. 9,187,045

ROOFRAIL WITH FASTENING SYSTEM

Dura Operating, LLC, Aub...

1. A vehicle roof rail system comprising:
a roof rail;
a vehicle roof structure;
a vehicle body structure separated from the vehicle roof structure by a predefined distance;
a tolerance compensator disposed between the roof structure and the body structure and spanning the predefined distance, the
tolerance compensator having an internal, oversized entry;

an anchor fixing the tolerance compensator to the vehicle roof structure;
a fastener passing through the oversized internal entry of the tolerance compensator linking the roof structure and body structure;
an angle compensator attached to the tolerance compensator, the angle compensator adjusting a contact angle of the tolerance
compensator with the vehicle body structure.

US Pat. No. 9,068,642

SHIFTER ASSEMBLY WITH DECOUPLING MECHANISM

Dura Operating, LLC, Aub...

1. A shifter assembly for a vehicle transmission comprising:
a base;
a shift lever pivotal relative to the base along a straight shift path;
a cable mount;
a transmission shift cable attached to the cable mount;
a clutch linked with the shift lever and cable mount;
wherein the clutch selectively couples the shift lever to the cable mount for a first travel position and decouples the cable
mount from the shift lever at a second travel position, the clutch including a pivot hub attached to the shift lever and disposed
within the cable mount and a spring disposed within the cable mount, the spring selectively transferring motion of the shift
lever through the pivot hub.

US Pat. No. 9,772,031

SHIFTER ASSEMBLY INCLUDING DISPLAY AND ACTUATION FOR DRIVER CONTROL

DURA Operating, LLC, Aub...

1. A shifter assembly for a vehicle comprising:
a shift lever connected to a shifter and in communication with the vehicle and a transmission;
a display positioned on the shift lever indicating data of the vehicle or transmission;
a start button positioned on the shift lever, the start button linked with an ignition of the vehicle;
at least one button positioned on the shift lever, the at least one button operable connected to and controlling an accessory
linked with the button wherein the accessory is selected from: audio systems, music players, cruise controls, phones, GPS
systems, and portable computers and wherein the display screen provides data of the accessory and data of the transmission,
the transmission including park, reverse, neutral, and drive.

US Pat. No. 9,121,212

RELEASABLE HOOD HINGE WITH POSITIVE RESET

Dura Operating, LLC, Aub...

1. A releasable hood hinge assembly, comprising:
a first link adapted to be connected to a vehicle hood;
a second link releasably coupled to the first link;
a releasable connector having a connected state in which it connects together the first and second links and defines a design
position of the hinge assembly and a released state wherein relative movement is permitted between the first and second links
to define a deployed position and a reset position of the hinge assembly;

a link control assembly having a reset member, a return block selectively engageable by the reset member, a landing and an
overjump defined between the return block and the landing, where the landing is offset from the return block in two dimensions
and where one dimension is in the direction of movement of the first link from the design position to the deployed position
and the other dimension is different from said direction of movement so that when the hinge assembly moves from its design
position to its deployed position the reset member is moved to the landing and when the hinge assembly is moved back toward
the design position, the reset member is blocked from moving back to the design position.

US Pat. No. 9,922,565

SENSOR FUSION OF CAMERA AND V2V DATA FOR VEHICLES

DURA OPERATING LLC, Aubu...

6. A system for fusing sensor information detected by a host vehicle and at least one remote vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communication
equipped vehicle, the system comprising:
a vision sub-system having an optical sensor;
a V2V sub-system having a receiver;
a controller in communication with the vision sub-system and the V2V sub-system, the controller having memory for storing
control logic and a processor configured to execute the control logic, the control logic including a first control logic for
collecting visual data from the vision sub-system, and from the visual data generating a base lane model and a base confidence
level;

the processor including a second control logic for collecting V2V data from the V2V sub-system, and for fusing together the
V2V data and the base lane model and base confidence level;

the processor including a third control logic for generating, from the fused V2V data, base lane model and base confidence
level, a final lane model with a final confidence level;

the processor including a fourth logic for assigning a priority to the final lane model; and
determining a location of an object in the final lane model relative to the host vehicle and assigning a high priority to
the object when the object is in a lane also occupied by the host vehicle, wherein information about the object that has been
assigned a high priority is passed to the at least one ADAS, and the at least one ADAS performs a function to avoid the object.

US Pat. No. 9,920,560

WINDOW ASSEMBLY WITH A MOVABLE PANE AND A DEFROST ASSEMBLY

Dura Operating, LLC, Aub...

1. A motor vehicle window assembly, comprising:
a guide rail including a guide track
a movable pane movable along the guide rail between a closed position and an open position;
a defroster carried by the movable pane;
first and second guide rail conductors carried by the guide rail, each adapted to be connected to a power source and each
having a contact surface that faces away from the movable pane and downwardly, in the direction of the force of gravity; and

first and second movable conductors each electrically communicated with a contact surface of a respective one of the first
and second guide rail conductors, each of the first and second movable conductors is electrically coupled to the defroster
and each is movable with the movable pane relative to guide rail when the movable pane is moved between the open and closed
positions, the movable conductors being in contact with the guide rail conductors when the movable pane is in the closed position
and during movement of the movable pane between the open and closed positions, and wherein the guide track faces upwardly,
opposite to the direction of the force of gravity and the contact surface of each guide rail conductor is located below the
movable pane relative to the direction of the force of gravity.

US Pat. No. 9,840,202

MOTOR VEHICLE HYBRID SHELF ASSEMBLY

DURA Operating, LLC, Aub...

1. A motor vehicle hybrid panel assembly, comprising:
a body formed of a metallic sheet having an aperture created therein, the aperture at least partially surrounded by a peripheral
flange;

a reinforcement member of a polymeric material integrally connected to the peripheral flange; and
at least one connecting member of the polymeric material integrally connected to the reinforcement member and extending away
from the peripheral flange on the body.

US Pat. No. 9,701,250

MOTOR VEHICLE HYBRID SHELF ASSEMBLY

DURA Operating, LLC, Aub...

1. A motor vehicle hybrid shelf assembly, comprising:
a body formed of a metallic sheet;
a shelf of the body defining a plane having at least one aperture created therein, the at least one aperture at least partially
surrounded by a peripheral flange created from a portion of the shelf extending away from the plane defined by the shelf;
and

a reinforcement member of a polymeric material integrally connected to the peripheral flange.

US Pat. No. 9,830,814

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING DETECTED OBJECT ATTRIBUTES OVER A DEDICATED SHORT RANGE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

DURA OPERATING, LLC, Aub...

1. A motor vehicle system for generating and transmitting detected object attributes, comprising:
a communication system module positioned in a host vehicle receiving vehicle attribute data and preparing a fused object attribute
data for transmission to a target vehicle;

a vehicle track data sub-module of the communication system module used to independently track at least one sensed vehicle
and the target vehicle;

an object detection and classification system module having a 3D object detection module used to identify a vehicle type of
the at least one sensed vehicle and the target vehicle defined at least by a vehicle size and to generate an object attribute
data; and

a target fusion module receiving the object attribute data from the object detection and classification system module, fusing
the object attribute data with the vehicle attribute data to create the fused object attribute data, and forwarding the fused
object attribute data to the communication system module for transmission;

a decision module in communication with both the vehicle track data sub-module and the object detection and classification
system module, wherein the vehicle attribute data is tracked by the vehicle track data sub-module and compared to the object
attribute data generated in the object detection and classification system module; and

a track data generator module, wherein when the vehicle attribute data tracked by the vehicle track data sub-module is not
coincident with the object attribute data, the vehicle attribute data is communicated directly to the track data generator
module where a situational awareness of the vehicle attribute data is monitored.

US Pat. No. 9,827,954

RELEASE MECHANISM FOR A PARKING BRAKE CLUTCH

DURA OPERATING, LLC, Aub...

6. A parking brake assembly for a motor vehicle, said parking brake assembly comprising:
a brake lever pivotally coupled to a fixed support for rotation about a first pivot;
a member to be controlled pivotally coupled to the fixed support for movement about a second pivot spaced apart from the first
pivot;

a roller clutch having a roller support supporting the member to be controlled, the roller clutch having at least one roller
disposed between the roller support and the member to be controlled allowing movement in a first direction of the member to
be controlled relative to the roller support, the roller support being movable relative to the fixed support for movement
of the roller support and the member to be controlled together in a direction opposite the first direction, the roller support
including a notch;

a lock-release mechanism having a block including a circumferential bearing surface, the block selectively movable between
a locked position operatively engaging the fixed support and roller support to prevent rotation of the roller support relative
to the fixed support, wherein at least a portion of the block is positioned in the notch and wherein the notch engages the
circumferential bearing surface to lock the roller support with respect to the fixed support and an unlocked position disengaged
from the roller support to allow rotation of the roller support and member to be controlled together in the direction opposite
the first direction;

a gear mechanism operative between the member to be controlled and the brake lever, the gear mechanism having a pinion coupled
to one of the member to be controlled and the brake lever and a sector coupled to the other of the one of the member to be
controlled and the brake lever, the pinion and the sector being mechanically engaged for transferring movement between the
member to be controlled and the brake lever; and

an adjuster movably coupled to the fixed support and actuating the block between engagement and disengagement with the notch
in response to the movement of the adjuster relative to the fixed support.

US Pat. No. 10,107,388

VEHICLE SHIFTER ASSEMBLY

Dura Operating, LLC, Aub...

1. A vehicle shift lever assembly, comprising:a shift lever movable about a pivot axis to permit changing a transmission mode; and
a sensor element coupled to the shift lever for movement with the shift lever when the shift lever is moved and wherein the sensor element is movable relative to the shift lever during at least a portion of the movement of the shift lever.

US Pat. No. 9,845,083

PARK BRAKE CONTROL ASSEMBLY

Dura Operating, LLC, Aub...

1. A parking brake control assembly having a brake actuator movable between a first position and a second position, comprising:
an engagement member coupled to the brake actuator; and
a control mechanism comprising:
a retention member that rotates about an axis;
a release actuator that moves relative to the retention member as the brake actuator moves between the first and second positions,
the release actuator rotating about the same axis as the retention member; and

a biasing member acting on the retention member and responsive to the movement of the release actuator,
wherein, in the first position of the brake actuator, the retention member is arranged to engage the engagement member upon
movement of the brake actuator from the first position to the second position, and movement of the brake actuator from the
first position to the second position causes the release actuator to move relative to the retention member such that the biasing
member provides a force on the retention member that urges the retention member out of engagement with the engagement member.

US Pat. No. 9,829,884

SCALABLE DRIVER ASSISTANCE SYSTEM

DURA OPERATING, LLC, Aub...

1. A scalable driver assistance system for a motor vehicle, the scalable driver assistance system comprising:
a central safety domain controller having a first perception logic integrated circuit communicatively coupled to a first chipset
socket and to a second chipset socket, wherein the first chipset socket is communicatively coupled to the second chipset socket
and to a third chipset socket;

a first long range front camera communicatively coupled to the first perception logic circuit; and
a plurality of surround view cameras communicatively coupled to the first perception logic circuit,
wherein the central safety domain controller provides Level 1 and Level 2 of driver assistance and additional integrated circuits
or microcontrollers may be selectively connected into one of the first, second, and third chipset sockets to provide Level
3, Level 4, or Level 5 of automated driving assistance.

US Pat. No. 9,827,901

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DYNAMICALLY PROJECTING INFORMATION FROM A MOTOR VEHICLE

DURA Operating, LLC, Aub...

20. A method for projecting information from a motor vehicle to an observer external to the motor vehicle, the method comprising:
receiving, by a controller, a plurality of data signals indicative of an operating state of the motor vehicle including a
steering angle, a turn signal activation identifier, a PRNDL status indicative of the driving state of the motor vehicle from
one of a park, reverse, neutral, drive, and low drive vehicle driving state, a lighting status indicative of the brightness
of the environment of the motor vehicle, and a vehicle speed;

determining, using the controller, one of a plurality of projection profiles based on the plurality of data signals, wherein
each of the plurality of projection profiles include a dynamic feature and is indicative of a status of the motor vehicle,
and the plurality of projection profiles includes a first projection profile which displays a vector of the motor vehicle
relative to a flat surface as a function of the steering angle, a second projection profile which displays a trajectory of
the motor vehicle based on the vehicle speed, and a third projection profile which displays an intended turn direction based
on the turn signal activation identifier;

projecting the one of the plurality of projection profiles onto a surface using a dynamic projector system that animates the
dynamic feature, wherein the first projection profile and third projection profile are projected to either side of the motor
vehicle and the second projection profile is projected to a rear of the motor vehicle when the PRNDL status is reverse and
to a front of the motor vehicle when the PRNDL status is drive; and

adjusting the brightness of the projected projection profile based on the lighting status.

US Pat. No. 10,017,972

ROLL-FORMED GOOSE NECK HINGE

DURA OPERATING, LLC, Aub...

1. A goose neck hinge assembly for a motor vehicle, the goose neck hinge assembly comprising:a base portion extending from a panel attachment portion to a hinge portion, the base portion having a substantially rectangular cross section; and
wherein the base portion has a first structural element comprising a first material with a first material thickness and a second structural element comprising a second material with a second material thickness, wherein the first material thickness is different than the second material thickness, and wherein the first structural element forms a substantially U-shaped portion of the substantially rectangular cross section and defines a longitudinal gap, wherein the substantially U-shaped portion defined by the first structural element further comprises a semi-closed U-shaped portion having a first wall connected to a second wall, the second wall connected to a third wall, the third wall connected to a fourth wall, and the fourth wall connected to a fifth wall, and wherein the first and the fifth walls extend towards each other and define the longitudinal gap, and wherein the second structural element is disposed over the longitudinal gap.

US Pat. No. 9,598,123

HYBRID SPARE TIRE RECEPTACLE FOR A VEHICLE

Dura Operating, LLC, Aub...

1. A spare tire receptacle for a vehicle comprising:
a receptacle body including a recessed portion and at least one side wall extending from the recessed portion, the side wall
extending to a body portion;

a reinforcement structure attached to the receptacle body, the reinforcement structure including a plurality of reinforcement
members extending radially from a central position of the recessed portion and a plurality of rib members interconnecting
the reinforcement members wherein the receptacle body is formed of metal and the reinforcement structure is formed of a polymeric
material.

US Pat. No. 9,902,337

INTEGRATED MOTOR VEHICLE HYBRID SHELF ASSEMBLY

DURA OPERATING, LLC, Aub...

1. A motor vehicle hybrid shelf assembly, comprising:
a body formed of a metallic panel, the body defining a member of a motor vehicle frame and positioned proximate to a rear
window of a motor vehicle; and

multiple molded-in-place modules attached to the body each molded of a polymeric material;
wherein each of the modules defines a first portion of an enclosure and includes at least one fastener receiving aperture
for mechanical attachment of an independently provided second portion.

US Pat. No. 9,580,107

MODULAR HYBRID CROSS CAR BEAM ASSEMBLY

DURA Operating, LLC, Aub...

1. A modular hybrid cross-car beam assembly, comprising:
at least one assembly having multiple individual metal parts connected together by an overmolding of a polymeric material,
the at least one assembly further having at least one metal flange lacking the overmolding of the polymeric material;

a metal base tube supporting the at least one assembly; and
multiple fasteners connecting the at least one metal flange of the at least one assembly to the base tube, the modular hybrid
cross-car beam assembly having no welded connections.

US Pat. No. 10,106,097

ROOF RAIL SYSTEM

DURA OPERATING, LLC, Aub...

1. A roof rail system for a motor vehicle, the system comprising:a stanchion disposed on an exterior of the motor vehicle, the stanchion extending upwardly from the exterior, and having a leading surface connected to an outboard surface, the outboard surface is connected to a trailing surface, the trailing surface is connected to an inboard surface, the inboard surface is connected to the leading surface and is spaced apart from the exterior surface, the leading surface faces substantially toward a front of the motor vehicle, the trailing surface faces substantially toward a rear of the motor vehicle, the outboard surface faces substantially outward from the motor vehicle, and the inboard surface faces substantially inward, the stanchion having a cargo attachment feature, wherein one of the outboard surface and the leading surface defines a first opening of the cargo attachment feature, and one of the inboard surface and the trailing surface defines a second opening of the cargo attachment feature, and the first opening and the second opening are connected by a first passage; and
a malleable plug disposed within the first passage of the cargo attachment feature, the malleable plug defines a second passage, and the second passage extends from a first flexible aperture at an outer portion of the malleable plug to a second flexible aperture at an inner portion of the malleable plug.

US Pat. No. 10,072,751

VEHICLE SHIFTER WITH OFFSET CABLE ACTUATOR

Dura Operating, LLC, Aub...

1. A shifter for a vehicle transmission, the vehicle also having a steering assembly including a main shaft, comprising:a shift member mounted separately from the main shaft and pivoted at a first pivot for movement between multiple positions corresponding to multiple transmission gears; and
a cable actuator pivoted at a second pivot, driven for movement about the second pivot by movement of the shift member about the first pivot and having a cable connector adapted to be connected to a shift cable associated with the vehicle transmission, wherein the first pivot is arranged about a first axis that is not parallel to the main shaft and the second pivot is arranged about a second axis that is not parallel to the first axis, and wherein a path of movement of the cable actuator is within an imaginary plane that is not parallel to the main shaft and is at an angle of at least 10 degrees to an imaginary plane that is perpendicular to the first axis.

US Pat. No. 10,016,936

HYBRID METAL POLYMER INTERLOCK

DURA OPERATING, LLC, Aub...

1. A mechanical coupling assembly comprising:a primary member having at least one aperture formed therein, the primary member including a first surface and opposing second surface separated by a material thickness;
a secondary member including at least one mechanical interlock monolithically formed with the secondary member, the at least one mechanical interlock extending through the aperture and spanning the first and second surfaces, the mechanical interlock including a main body disposed proximate the first surface and a head portion disposed proximate the second surface and a transition portion connecting the main body and head portion;
the secondary member having a rib portion in physical contact with the first surface, the main body having a tubular portion extending for a distance from the main body and opposite to the head portion, the rib portion extending away from the tubular portion and along the first surface, and a section of the rib portion proximal to the tubular portion extending for substantially the same distance as the tubular portion and the main body;
wherein the tubular portion is formed longitudinally about the aperture and terminates before the first surface, and the primary member and secondary member are mechanically joined.

US Pat. No. 10,012,986

METHOD FOR AUTONOMOUSLY PARKING A MOTOR VEHICLE FOR HEAD-IN, TAIL-IN, AND PARALLEL PARKING SPOTS

DURA OPERATING, LLC, Aub...

1. A method for autonomously parking a motor vehicle, the method comprising:receiving a map of a parking area;
locating the motor vehicle relative to the parking area;
selecting a parking spot within the parking area;
generating a plurality of paths each having a cost function from the location of the motor vehicle to the parking spot;
selecting a path from the plurality of paths based on the cost function, wherein the path connects the location of the motor vehicle to proximal the parking spot;
autonomously driving the motor vehicle along the path from the location of the motor vehicle to an intermediate location on the path; and
performing a parking maneuver into the parking spot from the intermediate location:
wherein generating the plurality of paths includes generating a node tree which includes:
(a) generating a first set of nodes from the location of the motor vehicle;
(b) assigning a cost to each node in the first set of nodes;
(c) selecting a lowest cost node from the first set of nodes;
(d) generating another set of nodes linked to the selected node and offset from the selected node by a fixed distance and a steering angle;
(e) assigning a cost to each of the newly generated nodes, wherein the cost of a node is equal to a base cost plus an inherited cost from the selected node, a turning cost, and a reverse cost if the newly generated node is behind the selected node;
(f) selecting a lowest cost node from all of the nodes; and
(g) repeating steps (d)-(f) until a lowest cost node is located at the parking spot.

US Pat. No. 9,970,538

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING AN ELECTROMECHANICAL INTERFACE DEVICE

DURA Operating, LLC, Aub...

1. A method of controlling an electromechanical interface, the electromechanical interface having a selector connected to a motor, the motor in electronic communication with a controller, and the selector moveable between at least a first position and a second position, the method comprising:commanding, by the controller, the motor to provide an operating torque on the selector, wherein the operating torque is based on a position of the selector relative to the first and second positions; and
commanding, by the controller, the motor to provide a detent torque on the selector at approximately the first position and at approximately the second position, wherein the detent torque is only applied over a first time period.

US Pat. No. 9,970,543

SHIFT BY WIRE TRANSMISSION SHIFT CONTROL SYSTEM WITH PARK RELEASE

Dura Operating, LLC, Aub...

1. A gear shift control system, comprising:a first drive member;
a drivetrain including a first input driven by the first drive member during a first mode of operation to cause a transmission gear shift, a second input driven during a second mode of operation to cause a transmission gear shift and an output coupled to and selectively driven by both the first input and the second input, the output adapted to be coupled to a shift mechanism of the transmission;
a second drive member coupled to the second input to drive the output through the second input during said second mode of operation to cause a transmission gear shift; and
a retainer selectively coupled to the second input and manually movable between a first position wherein the retainer prevents movement of the second input during the first mode of operation and a second position wherein the retainer permits movement of the second input during the second mode of operation.

US Pat. No. 9,959,765

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING ALERT TO A VEHICLE OR AN ADVANCED DRIVER ASSIST SYSTEM BASED ON VEHICLE DYNAMICS INPUT

DURA OPERATING LLC, Aubu...

1. A motor vehicle alert system based on vehicle dynamics input, comprising:a communication module positioned in a host vehicle used to receive and send vehicle data in a vehicle mobility data format;
a tracker module in communication with the communication module used to distinguish a sensed vehicle and at least one other vehicle proximate to the host vehicle;
a transient condition data device in communication with the tracker module used to identify when a transient condition of the sensed vehicle is present;
a message standard conformance module receiving data relating to the transient condition of the sensed vehicle and forwarding the data to the communication module for transmission to the at least one other vehicle proximate to the host vehicle; and
a traffic hazardous condition module receiving the data relating the transient condition and evaluating if the data relating the transient condition poses a hazardous condition to the at least one other vehicle including if a path of the at least one other vehicle intersects with a path of the sensed vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,919,732

CONTROL ASSEMBLY FOR A VEHICLE STEER-BY-WIRE SYSTEM

Dura Operating, LLC, Aub...

1. A steer-by-wire assembly for a steering system in a vehicle, comprising:
a shaft coupled to a steering input and rotatable in response to rotation of the steering input;
a clutch, comprising:
a brake member rotatable with the shaft; and
a reaction member; and
an electromagnetic actuator that is selectively actuated to provide a force to selectively engage the brake and reaction members,
wherein, when the actuator is not actuated, the force between the brake and reaction members limits or prevents rotation of
the brake member relative to the reaction member, and when the actuator is actuated, the force between the brake and reaction
members is reduced or removed to permit rotation of the brake member relative to the reaction member.

US Pat. No. 10,219,368

LAMINATED LIGHT GUIDE AND CARRIER HAVING A CIRCUIT BOARD WITH LIGHT EMITTING DIODES AND THROUGH BORES WITH A LIGHT GUIDE DISPOSED THEREIN WITH AN OPAQUE FILM OVERLAPPING THE THROUGH BORE

DURA OPERATING, LLC, Aub...

1. A laminated light guide and component carrier, comprising:a printed circuit board having a light emitting diode connected to a first face of the printed circuit board;
a through bore created in the printed circuit board located proximate to the light emitting diode;
an opaque film applied to a second face of the printed circuit board oppositely directed with respect to the first face and having a portion partially overlapping the through bore; and
a light guide having a first portion for receiving light from the light emitting diode and a second portion positioned within the through bore and contacting a portion of the opaque film partially overlapping the through bore, the light guide transmitting light from the light emitting diode through the bore and to the opaque film.

US Pat. No. 10,024,970

SENSOR HOUSING ASSEMBLY FOR ATTACHMENT TO A MOTOR VEHICLE

DURA OPERATING, LLC, Aub...

1. A sensor housing assembly for attachment to a vehicle, the sensor housing assembly comprising:a base portion having a first end, a second end, and an exterior decorative surface; and
a sensor housing portion adapted to house a Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) sensor and having a semi-cylindrical shape with a top portion and a bottom portion, the top portion forming a first end of the semi-cylindrical sensor housing portion and the bottom portion forming a second end of the semi-cylindrical sensor housing portion,
wherein the sensor housing portion is disposed between the first end and the second end of the base portion and extends outward from the exterior surface of the base portion, and
wherein the sensor housing portion has a window disposed between the top portion and the bottom portion, and wherein the sensor housing portion is angled downward such that a field of view of the LiDAR sensor begins immediately adjacent to the vehicle and extends for at least 100 meters outward from the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,688,122

MOTOR VEHICLE WINDOW ASSEMBLY WITH DEFROST

Dura Operating, LLC, Aub...

1. A motor vehicle window assembly, comprising:
a fixed pane having a first defrost grid;
a guide rail assembly including an elongate guide having a straight guide portion and an oblique guide portion that is oblique
relative to the straight guide portion and having an elongate conductor in electrical communication with the first defrost
grid; and

the guide rail assembly adapted to guide a movable window assembly along an elongate path of travel between a closed position
and an open position, the movable window assembly including:

a pane movable relative to the fixed pane along the elongate path of travel between the closed position of the movable window
assembly in a first plane and the open position of the movable window assembly in a second plane offset from the first plane
and the movable pane having a second defrost grid,

a wiper in electrical communication with both the second defrost grid and the elongate conductor of the guide rail assembly,
a follower coupled to the movable pane for movement with the movable pane, wherein the follower engages the elongate guide
to guide the movable pane along the elongate path of travel to define the closed position of the movable window assembly in
the first plane and the open position of the movable window assembly in the second plane, and wherein the wiper is disposed
within the elongate guide mounted on the follower, disposed between the follower and the elongate conductor, and biased into
contact with the elongate conductor to maintain the electrical communication between the second defrost grid and the elongate
conductor throughout movement of the movable pane along the elongate path of travel.

US Pat. No. 9,624,707

HEATED SLIDING WINDOW ASSEMBLY

Dura Operating, LLC, Aub...

1. A heated sliding window assembly comprising:
at least one fixed window positioned on a back of a vehicle;
a rail attached to the fixed window;
a sliding window positioned on the back of the vehicle, the sliding window moveable along the rail between open and closed
positions, the sliding window including a first heater grid directly attached to a glass of the sliding window and electrical
contacts attached to the sliding window;

the at least one fixed window includes a second heater grid attached thereto;
electrically conductive members mounted on the at least one fixed window, the conductive members providing sliding electrical
couplings with the electrical contacts by physically slidingly engaging the sliding window electrical contacts through the
entire movement range of the sliding window between the open and closed positions for providing current to the first heater
grid and providing current to the second heater grid.

US Pat. No. 9,975,466

TIE DOWN CLEAT

Dura Operating, LLC, Aub...

1. A tie-down cleat, comprising:a body having at least one stop surface and a wall with an opening; and
a fastener assembly having a first retainer extending through the opening and having a head, and a second retainer operable to actuate the first retainer, the first retainer being rotatable relative to the body and including a stop surface oriented to selectively engage the stop surface of the body to limit rotation of the first retainer relative to the body.

US Pat. No. 9,970,537

LOCK ASSEMBLY FOR SHIFTER

DURA Operating, LLC, Aub...

1. A shifter assembly comprising:a housing;
a detent gate connected to the housing;
a shifter lever moveable between at least a park position and a neutral position;
a locking button movably supported by the shifter lever that contacts the detent gate when in a first position and that spaces apart from the detent gate when depressed to a second position; and
a pawl moveable between an unlock position and a lock position, wherein the pawl includes a first portion and a second portion, wherein the first portion contacts the shifter lever and the second portion contacts the locking button when in the lock position, and wherein the pawl prevents the shifter lever from moving out of the park or neutral positions and prevents the locking button from being depressed when in the lock position.

US Pat. No. 10,207,704

METHOD FOR AUTONOMOUSLY PARKING AND UN-PARKING A MOTOR VEHICLE

DURA OPERATING, LLC, Aub...

1. A method for autonomously parking or un-parking a motor vehicle, the method comprising:determining a location of the motor vehicle relative to a parking area;
setting a destination location within the parking area;
generating a path comprising the steps of:
(a) generating a first set of nodes from the location of the motor vehicle;
(b) assigning a cost to each node in the first set of nodes;
(c) selecting a lowest cost node from the first set of nodes;
(d) generating another set of nodes from the selected node;
(e) assigning a cost to each of the newly generated nodes;
(f) selecting a lowest cost node from all of the nodes;
(g) repeating steps (d)-(f) until a lowest cost node is located at the destination location; and
(h) setting a path from the location of the motor vehicle to the destination location comprising the last selected lowest cost node and parent nodes connected to the last selected lowest cost node; and
autonomously driving the motor vehicle along the path from the location of the motor vehicle to the destination location.

US Pat. No. 10,210,617

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR GENERATING A PERCEPTION SCENE GRAPH HAVING A FOCUS REGION FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

DURA OPERATING, LLC, Aub...

1. A method of using perception information, comprising the steps of:collecting sensor information, by at least one external sensor, about a volume of space adjacent a motor vehicle;
processing the sensor information, by a perception controller, to generate a perception scene graph (PSG) comprising a virtual three-dimensional (3-D) model of the volume of space adjacent the motor vehicle, wherein the perception controller is configured to allocate variable processing power to process selected portions of the collected sensor information;
defining a first focus region, wherein the first focus region is a first sub-set of the volume of space adjacent the motor vehicle; and
increasing processing power, by the perception controller, to process a selected first portion of the collected sensor information relating to the first focus region such that a high fidelity 3-D model of the first focus region is generated.

US Pat. No. 10,210,406

SYSTEM AND METHOD OF SIMULTANEOUSLY GENERATING A MULTIPLE LANE MAP AND LOCALIZING A VEHICLE IN THE GENERATED MAP

DURA OPERATING, LLC, Aub...

1. A method of lane mapping and localizing of a host vehicle traveling along a road, the method comprising the steps of:simultaneously capturing a long-range forward field of view image, a mid-range forward field of view image, a right field of view image, a left field of view image, and a rear field of view image;
detecting a plurality of lane markings in each of the long-range forward, mid-range forward, right, left, and rear field of view images;
identifying each of the plurality of lane markings with reference lane markings stored in a data base;
fusing the identified lane markings to generate a global lane map having a plurality of adjacent vehicle lanes; and
localizing the host vehicle within a host lane on the global lane map;
detecting a plurality of lane markings sufficiently distance from the host vehicle in the left field of view and right field of view images, such that at least two adjacent lanes are generated on each of the left and right sides of the host vehicle once the lane markings are fused to generate the global lane map;
projecting a path of travel of the host vehicle;
extrapolating a forward extension of the host lane; and
activating a driver assistance warning if the projected path of travel of the host vehicle deviates from the extrapolated forward extension of the host lane,
wherein the right field view image overlaps with both the mid-range forward field of view image and the rear field of view image, and the left field of view image overlaps with both the mid-range forward field of view image and the rear field of view image, the long-range forward field of view image overlaps with the mid-range forward field of view, and wherein the reference lane markings stored in the data base includes a single solid line, a double solid lines, a dashed line, a double dash line, and a dash line with a parallel single solid line.

US Pat. No. 10,202,013

EXTRUDED SUSPENSION LINKAGE

DURA OPERATING, LLC, Aub...

1. A suspension linkage for a motor vehicle comprising:an extruded body having a longitudinal length and having a fixed cross-sectional profile along a portion of the longitudinal length that is created by pushing a material through a die that defines the fixed cross-section, the extruded body having an enclosed hollow cross-section, the extruded body having a first wall having a first thickness, the first wall forming a portion of the enclosed hollow cross-section along at least a portion of the longitudinal length; and
an extruded rib projecting from a surface of the first wall of the extruded body and extending along the entire longitudinal length of the first wall, the rib having a proximal end connected to the first wall and an opposite unconnected distal end spaced away from the first wall, wherein the extruded rib has a thickness greater than the first thickness and has a cross-sectional profile configured to control a flexural rigidity of the suspension linkage;
wherein the rib is located on an outer surface of the first wall of the extruded body and the rib projects from the outer surface;
wherein the first wall has a first edge and a second edge defining a width of the first wall;
wherein the rib has a first side and a second side defining a width of the rib and wherein the first and second sides are spaced inward from the first and second edges.

US Pat. No. 10,173,650

PEDAL WITH SNAP-FIT PIVOT BUSHING

DURA OPERATING, LLC, Aub...

1. A pedal with snap-fit bushing, comprising:a pedal arm;
a mounting pin rotatably received in the pedal arm;
a first pivot bushing rotatably mounted to a first end of the mounting pin, the first pivot bushing including an elastically deflectable first arm and an elastically deflectable second arm;
a second pivot bushing rotatably mounted to a second end of the mounting pin; and
a pedal housing including a first wall having a first slot and a second wall having a second slot, the first pivot bushing received in the first slot and the second pivot bushing received in the second slot to releasably retain the mounting pin allowing rotation of the pedal arm about a rotational axis of the mounting pin, wherein the elastically deflectable first and second arms deflect towards each other when the first pivot bushing moves along the first slot.

US Pat. No. 10,053,010

DYNAMIC PERSPECTIVE SHIFTING SYSTEM AND METHOD

DURA OPERATING, LLC, Aub...

1. A method for displaying an image from a camera on a motor vehicle, the method comprising:capturing a field of view image from the camera;
determining a position of the camera;
determining an image perspective relationship of the field of view image based on the position of the camera, wherein determining the position of the camera includes calculating the position of the camera from first and second reference points in the field of view image, wherein the first and second reference points include left and right license plate lights;
modifying the field of view image based on the image perspective relationship to create a virtual perspective image; and
displaying the virtual perspective image on a display device in the motor vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,207,656

COMPOSITE MODULE

Dura Operating, LLC, Aub...

1. A rear shelf module for a motor vehicle comprising: a multi-layer fiber reinforced composite material shelf panel; a vehicle attachment coupled with the shelf panel, and a short fiber reinforcement injection molded to the shelf panel.

US Pat. No. 10,210,760

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR AUTONOMOUS PARKING OF A VEHICLE

Dura Operating, LLC, Aub...

1. A method for autonomous parking of a vehicle, comprising the steps of:requesting initiation of an autonomous parking routine;
determining a location of a vehicle user comprising the steps of:
(a) transmitting a signal by one of an electronic device in the immediate vicinity of the vehicle user and a vehicle transceiver,
(b) receiving the signal by the other of the electronic device in the immediate vicinity of the vehicle user and the vehicle transceiver,
(c) measuring the strength of the received signal,
(d) determining a distance between the electronic device and transceiver based on the strength of the received signal, and
(e) correlating the distance between the electronic device and vehicle transceiver as the distance that the vehicle user is from the vehicle;
initiating the autonomous parking routine to autonomously park the vehicle only if the vehicle user is determined to be one of within the vehicle or beyond a predetermined distance from the vehicle outside the vehicle; and
initiating movement of the autonomous vehicle along a calculated path of travel if the vehicle user is not within the calculated path of travel of the autonomous vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,246,055

METHOD FOR AUTHORIZING A DRIVER TO ACTIVATE AT LEAST ONE SYSTEM OF A VEHICLE, BASED ON A BIOMETRIC AUTHENTICATION PROCESS

DURA OPERATING, LLC, Aub...

1. A method for authorizing a driver to activate at least one system of a vehicle, said method comprising a preliminary phase and a subsequent phase based on a biometric authentication process;wherein the preliminary phase comprises:an initialization step consisting for the owner of the vehicle in materially allowing the driver to perform further steps,
an enrollment step consisting in scanning enrollment biometric data of the driver,
an access step consisting for the driver to enter the vehicle;
a storage step consisting in registering said enrollment biometric data in a secured memory of the vehicle;wherein the subsequent phase comprises:an authentication step consisting in scanning authentication biometric data of the driver inside the vehicle and comparing said authentication biometric data with the enrollment biometric data registered in the secured memory of the vehicle, then
an activation step consisting, if the authentication biometric data match with the enrollment biometric data, in authorizing the driver to activate the at least one system of the vehicle, or
a refusal step consisting, if the authentication biometric data does not match with the enrollment biometric data, in forbidding the driver to activate the at least one system of the vehicle; andwherein the enrollment step is performed on a biometric scanner installed at a dedicated location, outside the vehicle, wherein:in the initialization step, the owner issues a smart card configured to unlock openings of the vehicle;
in the enrollment step, the enrollment biometric data of the driver are registered in a secured memory of the smart card;
in the access step, the driver uses the smart card to unlock the openings of the vehicle; then
in the storage step, the enrollment biometric data of the driver are transferred from the secured memory of the smart card to the secured memory of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,239,489

VEHICLE ACCESS SYSTEM WITH INADVERTENT ACTUATION CONTROL

Dura Operating, LLC, Aub...

1. A method for preventing inadvertent operation of a vehicle access system that includes a plurality of inputs, comprising:providing a keypad operable to output signals to actuate a vehicle door lock based on entry of a code via the inputs;
detecting when a predetermined code is inputted via the inputs and outputting a signal to actuate the vehicle door lock to control access to the vehicle; and
operating the keypad in a disabled mode wherein inputting said predetermined code does not result in outputting a signal to actuate the vehicle door lock, and wherein when the keypad is not in the disabled mode activation of an input results in a corresponding output signal being outputted and when the disabled mode is activated the output signals are not outputted.

US Pat. No. 10,234,028

SHIFT BY WIRE TRANSMISSION SHIFT CONTROL SYSTEM

Dura Operating, LLC, Aub...

1. A gear shift control system, comprising:a first drive member including an electric motor;
an output shaft coupled to a vehicle transmission and to the first drive member to be driven for rotation by the first drive member;
a planetary gear set coupled to the first drive member and the output shaft, and having three intermeshed gear elements including a ring gear, a sun gear and at least one planet gear, where a first gear element, which is a first one of the intermeshed gear elements, is coupled to the first drive member and is driven for rotation by the first drive member, and a second gear element, which is a second one of the intermeshed gear elements, is coupled to the output shaft for rotation with the output shaft;
a return spring coupled to a third gear element, which is a third one of the intermeshed gear elements and which rotates about an axis, to drive the output shaft through the third gear element and the second gear element, wherein the return spring is radially outboard from and does not radially overlap the third gear element and wherein during a first mode of operation the transmission is shifted between park and other gears by causing the first drive member to rotate the output shaft through the second gear element and the first gear element when a transmission gear shift is desired, and during a second mode of operation, the transmission is shifted to park by the return spring which drives the output shaft through the third gear element and second gear element; and
a coupler having a first portion coupled to the return spring and a second portion coupled to the third gear element to connect the return spring to the third gear element, and wherein the coupler is not connected to anything other than the return spring and the third gear element.

US Pat. No. 10,282,997

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR GENERATING AND COMMUNICATING LANE INFORMATION FROM A HOST VEHICLE TO A VEHICLE-TO-VEHICLE NETWORK

DURA OPERATING, LLC, Aub...

1. A method of generating and communicating lane information from a host vehicle to a vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) network, the method comprising:collecting visual data from a camera;
detecting a lane within the visual data;
generating a lane classification for the lane based on the visual data;
assigning a confidence level to the lane classification;
generating a lane distance estimate from the visual data;
generating a lane model from the lane classification and the lane distance estimate;
scanning a predetermined area for remote V2V equipped vehicles within a predefined range of the host vehicle; and
transmitting the lane model and the confidence level to the V2V network immediately upon determining that the remote V2V equipped vehicle is within the predefined range of the host vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,281,028

SHIFTER LOCATION SYSTEM FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

DURA OPERATING, LLC, Aub...

1. A shifter assembly in a motor vehicle, the shifter assembly comprising:a shifter housing;
a shifter lever having a first end and a second end, the shifter lever coupled to the shifter housing at the second end, wherein the shifter lever is rotatable about a pivot axis at the second end and is translatable in a direction generally parallel to the pivot axis;
a first 2-Dimensional (2D) magnetic sensor;
a first magnet having a first magnetic field, wherein the first magnet is coupled to the shifter lever between the first end and the second end, and the first magnet is disposed proximate the first 2D magnetic sensor;
a second 2D magnetic sensor; and
a second magnet having a second magnetic field, wherein the second magnet is coupled to the shifter lever between the first end and the second end, and the second magnet is disposed proximate the second 2D magnetic sensor, wherein the first magnetic field is in radial alignment with the shifter lever and the second magnetic field is oriented perpendicular to the first magnetic field, and wherein the first 2D magnetic sensor detects an angular displacement of the first magnetic field when the shifter lever is rotated, and the second 2D magnetic sensor detects an axial displacement of the second magnetic field relative to the pivot axis when the shifter lever is translated.