US Pat. No. 9,380,701

LAMINATE, CONDUCTIVE PATTERN, AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING LAMINATE

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A laminate having a structure in which at least a layer including a support, a first primer layer, a first conductive layer,
an insulating layer, a second primer layer, and a second conductive layer are laminated, wherein the first conductive layer
includes a first plating seed layer formed by coating a portion of or entirety of a surface of the first primer layer with
a fluid containing a conductive substance that is a transition metal or a compound of a transition metal, and a first plating
layer formed on a surface of the first plating seed layer; and the second conductive layer includes a second plating seed
layer formed by coating a portion of or entirety of a surface of the second primer layer with a fluid containing a conductive
substance that is a transition metal or a compound of a transition metal, and a second plating layer formed on a surface of
the second plating seed layer.

US Pat. No. 9,056,969

COMPOSITION CONTAINING MICROFIBRILLATED PLANT FIBERS

NIPPON PAPER INDUSTRIES C...

1. A composition comprising:
(1) a polymeric compound having a primary amino group;
(2) a polymeric compound modified with maleic anhydride;
(3) microfibrillated plant fibers; and
(4) a polyolefin,
wherein the polymeric compound having a primary amino group is at least one member selected from the group consisting of a
compound having a repeating unit represented by the following Formula (A),

a compound having a repeating unit represented by the following Formula (B),
and salts thereof.

US Pat. No. 9,966,571

ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENT LIGHTING DEVICE

NATIONAL UNIVERSITY CORPO...

1. An organic electroluminescent lighting device comprising:a pair of electrode layers including a translucent electrode layer provided on a translucent substrate; and
at least one organic layer and an auxiliary electrode interposed between the pair of electrode layers, wherein
the at least one organic layer includes a light-emitting layer,
the auxiliary electrode is provided on the translucent electrode layer such that the auxiliary electrode comes in contact with a portion of the translucent electrode layer, includes conductive metal particles having a particle diameter of 0.1 to 2 ?m, and is covered with an interlayer insulating coating film for suppressing the conduction with the organic layer, and
the interlayer insulating coating film contains a polymer and transparent insulating particles having a particle diameter of 0.1 to 2 ?m which have a different refractive index from the polymer.
US Pat. No. 9,290,681

EASILY DISMANTLABLE ADHESIVE AGENT COMPOSITION AND EASILY DISMANTLABLE ADHESIVE TAPE

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A dismantlable adhesive composition including an acrylic polymer, and an acid catalyst or an acid generator,
wherein the acrylic polymer includes a (meth)acrylate monomer having a carboxyl precursor group, 2-ethyl hexyl acrylate, and
a monomer having a polar group as a monomer,

wherein the polar group is a hydroxyl group, carboxyl group, amino group, imino group or amide group,
wherein the monomer constituting the acrylic polymer includes 1 to 75% by mass of the (meth)acrylate monomer having a carboxyl
precursor group, 20% by mass or more of the 2-ethyl hexyl acrylate, and 1 to 30% by mass of the monomer having the polar group;
and

wherein the dismantlable adhesive composition is a pressure sensitive adhesive composition.

US Pat. No. 9,062,247

NEMATIC LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY ELEMENT USING SAME

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal composition having positive dielectric anisotropy, comprising:
a dielectrically positive component (A) containing a compound represented by Formula (1.1);

and a dielectrically neutral component (B) containing a compound represented by Formula (2.1);

a compound represented by Formula (3.3);

and a compound represented by Formula (4.3)

the dielectrically positive component (A) further contains at least one compound selected from the group consisting of the
compounds represented by Formulae (12.2), (12.3) and (12.4):


US Pat. No. 10,214,756

METHOD FOR GENERATING OIL/FAT COMPONENT FROM CHLAMYDOMONAS ALGAE

National University Corpo...

1. A method for generating an oil or fat from an algae comprising:culturing marine algae, Chlamydomonas sp. JSC4, in a culture medium containing sea salt; and
extracting the oil or fat from the algae after the culturing step.

US Pat. No. 9,360,708

CINNAMIC ACID DERIVATIVE, POLYMER THEREOF, AND LIQUID CRYSTAL ALIGNMENT LAYER COMPRISING CURED PRODUCT THEREOF

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A compound represented by the general formula (I):

wherein L represents a polymerizable group selected from the group consisting of the general formulae (III-1) to (III-17):

wherein the dashed line represents a bond to Sp1 and R's independently represent a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms,

Sp1 and Sp2 each represent a spacer unit represented by the following general formula (IV):

- - - Z1?A1-Z2?p?A2-Z3?q - - -  (IV)

wherein Sp1, the left dashed line represents a bond to L and the right dashed line represents a bond to A01, and in Sp2, the left dashed line represents a bond to W and the right dashed line represents a bond to A02,

in Sp1 and Sp2, independently,

Z1, Z2 and Z3 each independently represent a single bond —(CH2)u— in which u represents 1 to 20), —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —COO—, —OCO—, —CH?CH—, —CF?CF—, —CF2O—, —OCF2—, —CF2CF2—, or —C?C—, and one or more of the non-adjacent CH2 groups in these groups may be independently substituted with —O—, —CO—, —CO—O—, —O—CO—, —Si(CH3)2—O—Si(CH3)2—, —NR—, —NR—CO—, —CO—NR—, —NR—CO—O—, —O—CO—NR—, —NR—CO—NR—, —CH?CH—, —C?C—, or —O—CO—O—, in which R's independently represent
hydrogen or an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, and

A1 and A2 each independently represent a group selected from the group consisting of:

(a) a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group, wherein methylene group or two or more non-adjacent methylene groups present in this
group may be substituted with —O—, —NH—, or —S—,

(b) a 1,4-phenylene group, wherein one or two or more —CH?'s present in this group may be substituted with —N?, and
(c) a 1,4-cyclohexenylene group, a 2,5-thiophenylene group, a 2,5-furanylene group, a 1,4-bicyclo(2.2.2)octylene group, a
naphthalene-1,4-diyl group, a naphthalene-2,6-diyl group, a decahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl group, and a 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl
group, in which the group (a), (b), or (c) may be each unsubstituted or may have one or more hydrogen atoms substituted with
a fluorine atom, a chlorine atom, a cyano group, a methyl group, or a methoxy group, and

p represents 0 or 1, and q represents 0, 1, or 2,
A01 and A02 each independently represent a group selected from the group consisting of:

(a) a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group wherein one methylene group or two or more non-adjacent methylene groups present in this
group may be substituted with —O—, —NH—, or —S—,

(b) a 1,4-phenylene group wherein one or two or more —CH?'s present in this group may be substituted with —N?, and
(c) a 1,4-cyclohexenylene group, a 2,5-thiophenylene group, a 2,5-furanylene group, a 1,4-bicyclo(2.2.2)octylene group, a
naphthalene-1,4-diyl group, a naphthalene-2,6-diyl group, a decahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl group, and a 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl
group, in which the group (a), (b), or (c) may be each unsubstituted or may have one or more hydrogen atoms substituted with
a fluorine atom, a chlorine atom, a cyano group, a methyl group, or a methoxy group,

X1, X2, Y1 and Y2 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, a fluorine atom, a chlorine atom, a cyano group, or an alkyl group having 1
to 20 carbon atoms, but a hydrogen atom in the alkyl group may be substituted with a fluorine atom, and one CH2 group or two or more non-adjacent CH2 groups may be substituted with one group or two or more groups selected from the groups consisting of —O—, —CO—O—, —O—CO—
and —CH?CH—,

Z is represented by the general formula (IIa) or (IIb):

in which the dashed line represents a bond to a carbon atom, to which Z is bonded, and
R1 and R2 each independently represent a hydrogen atom or a linear or branched alkyl group having 1 to 30 carbon atoms, one —CH2— group or two or more non-adjacent —CH2— groups in R1 and R2 may be substituted with —O—, —CO—, —CO—O—, —O—CO—, —CO—NH—, —NH—CO—, —NCH3—, —CH?CH—, —CF?CF—, and/or —C?C—, one or two or more —CH2— groups in R1 and R2 may be each independently substituted with a cycloalkyl group with a 3- to 8-membered ring, and a hydrogen atom in R1 and R2 may be substituted with an alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a cyano group, or a halogen atom,

W represents —O— or —NR3—, in which R3 represents a hydrogen atom, a linear or branched alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, or a cycloalkyl group with a 3-
to 8-membered ring, which may have the alkyl group interposed therein as a linking group, a hydrogen atom in the alkyl group
may be unsubstituted or may be substituted with a fluorine atom or a chlorine atom, a hydrogen atom in the cycloalkyl group
may be unsubstituted or may be substituted with an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 10
carbon atoms, a fluorine atom, or a chlorine atom, and

r and t each independently represent 1 or 2.

US Pat. No. 9,374,895

LAMINATE, CONDUCTIVE PATTERN, ELECTRICAL CIRCUIT, AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING LAMINATE

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A laminate in which at least a layer (A) including a support, a primer layer (B), a first conductive layer (C), an insulating
layer (D), and a second conductive layer (E) are laminated, wherein the insulating layer (D) is formed by coating at least
a portion of or entirety of a surface of the first conductive layer (C) with a resin composition (d) and drying the resin
composition (d); the first conductive layer (C) includes a first plating seed layer (C-1) formed by coating a portion of or
entirety of a surface of the primer layer (B) with a fluid (c-1) containing a conductive substance that is a transition metal
or a compound of a transition metal, and a first plating layer (C-2) formed on a surface of the first plating seed layer (C-1);
and the second conductive layer (E) includes a second plating seed layer (E-1) formed by coating a portion of or entirety
of a surface of the insulating layer (D) with a fluid (e-1) containing a conductive substance that is a transition metal or
a compound of a transition metal, and a second plating layer (E-2) formed on a surface of the second plating seed layer (E-1).

US Pat. No. 9,156,931

RADICAL POLYMERIZABLE COMPOSITION, CURED PRODUCT, AND PLASTIC LENS

DIC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A radical polymerizable composition comprising:
phenylbenzyl(meth)acrylate (A),
a urethane(meth)acrylate (X) having an aromatic ring in its molecular structure,
a radical polymerization initiator (Y), and
bis[(meth)acryloylmethyl]biphenyl (B) or a biphenyl compound (C) having a molecular structure in which biphenyl structures
are bonded to each other only through a methylene

as essential components.
US Pat. No. 9,512,304

METHOD FOR PRODUCING RESIN COMPOSITION COMPRISING MODIFIED MICROFIBRILLATED PLANT FIBERS, AND SAME RESIN COMPOSITION

DIC Corporation, Tokyo (...

16. A resin composition comprising a thermoplastic resin and modified microfibrillated plant fiber (B),
the modified microfibrillated plant fiber (B) being obtained by subjecting microfibrillated plant fiber (B?) to modification
with an alkyl or alkenyl succinic anhydride,

the modified microfibrillated plant fiber (B) being obtained by modifying microfibrillated plant fiber (B?) with an alkyl
or alkenyl succinic anhydride,

the thermoplastic resin in the resin composition being in the form of lamellae that are layered in a direction different from
the fiber length direction of the modified microfibrillated plant fiber (B),

the composition comprising resin fibrous cores that are uniaxially oriented in the fiber length direction of the modified
microfibrillated plant fiber (B),

the resin lamellae being layered between the modified microfibrillated plant fiber (B) and the fibrous cores in a direction
different from the fiber length direction of the modified microfibrillated plant fiber (B).

US Pat. No. 9,384,868

WATER-BASED CONDUCTIVE INK FOR INKJET RECORDING

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A water-based conductive ink for inkjet recording, the water-based conductive ink comprising:
metal nanoparticles (X);
a polyhydric alcohol (A) represented by the general formula below;
water (B); and
a high molecular organic compound containing a basic nitrogen atom

where R represents a hydrogen atom or any one lower alkyl group selected from the group consisting of a methyl group, an ethyl
group, and an n-propyl group,

wherein the water-based conductive ink is capable of being cured by firing at a temperature not more than 130° C.

US Pat. No. 9,296,949

NEMATIC LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY ELEMENT USING THE SAME

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A nematic liquid crystal composition comprising:
as a first component, at least one compound represented by general formula (I):

where R1 represents a linear or branched alkyl group having 1 to 22 carbon atoms and one CH2 group in the alkyl group may be substituted with —O—; and M1 represents a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group; and

as a second component, at least one compound selected from the group consisting of compounds represented by general formulae
(II-a) to (II-e):


where R21 to R30 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms or an alkenyl group having 2 to 10 carbon atoms and
X21 represents a hydrogen atom or a fluorine atom, wherein a dielectric anisotropy (??) at 25° C. is +3.5 or more.

US Pat. No. 9,365,773

LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE USING THE SAME

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal composition comprising:
at least one compound represented by General Formula (i)

where Ri represents an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms;

a compound represented by Formula (ii)

compounds represented by General Formulae (44.1) and (44.2)

at least one compound represented by General Formula (X-3-1)

where R10 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 5 carbon atoms, or an alkoxy group having
1 to 4 carbon atoms; and

compounds represented by General Formulae (11.1) and (11.2)

wherein
the total amount of the compounds represented by General Formulae (44.1) and (44.2) is in the range of 6 to 12 mass % relative
to the total mass of the liquid crystal composition, and

the total mass of the compounds represented by General Formulae (11.1) and (11.2) is in the range of 21 mass % to 35 mass
% relative to the total mass of the liquid crystal composition.

US Pat. No. 9,411,207

NEMATIC LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY ELEMENT USING THE SAME

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A nematic liquid crystal composition comprising:
as a first component, at least one compound selected from the group consisting of compounds represented by general formula
(I-1) to (I-3):


(where R11 to R13 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 22 carbon atoms or an alkoxyl group having 1 to 22 carbon atoms); and,

as a second component, at least one compound selected from the group consisting of compounds represented by general formula
(II):


(where R21 and R22 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms or an alkenyl group having 2 to 10 carbon atoms and
X21 to X24 each independently represent a hydrogen atom or a fluorine atom), wherein a dielectric anisotropy (??) at 25° C. is ?2.0 or
less.

US Pat. No. 9,441,159

METHOD FOR PRODUCING COMPOSITION

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A method for producing a composition, the method comprising:
preparing a raw material composition containing one or two or more compounds selected from a compound group represented by
general formula (I),


(in the general formula (I), R1 represents a linear alkyl group or branched alkyl group having 1 to 22 carbon atoms, one or two or more —CH2— in the alkyl group may be substituted by —O—, —CH?CH—, —CO—, —OCO—, —COO—, —C?C—, —CF2O—, or —OCF2— so that oxygen atoms are not directly adjacent to each other,

a represents 0, 1, or 2,
M1 represents a group selected from the group consisting of

(a) a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group (one —CH2— or two or more nonadjacent —CH2— present in the group may be substituted by —O— or —S—),

(b) a 1,4-phenylene group (one —CH? or two or more nonadjacent —CH? present in the group may be substituted by —N?), and
(c) a 1,4-bicyclo(2.2.2)octylene group, a naphthalene-2,6-diyl group, a decahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl group, a 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl
group, or a chromane-2,6-diyl group, one or two or more hydrogen atoms contained in the group (a), group (b), or group (c)
may be each substituted by a fluorine atom, a trifluoromethyl group, a trifluoromethoxy group, or a chlorine atom, and when
a represents 2 and a plurality of M1 are present, the plurality of M1 present may be the same or different,

Z1 represents a single bond, —CH2CH2—, —CH?CH—, —C?C—, —CH2O—, —OCH2—, —CF2O—, —OCF2—, —COO—, or —OCO—, and when a represents 2 and a plurality of Z1 are present, the plurality of Z1 present may be the same or different) and general formula (III),


(in the general formula (III), M2 represents an alkylene group having 1 to 15 carbon atoms (one or two or more —CH2— in the alkylene group may be substituted by —O—, —CO—, —COO—, —OCO—, —CF2O—, —OCF2—, —CF2—, —CH?CH—, —C?C—, a 1,4-phenylene group (one or two or more hydrogen atoms in the 1,4-phenylene group may be substituted
by a fluorine atom), or a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group so that oxygen atoms are not directly adjacent to each other) or a
single bond), the raw material composition further containing one or two or more compounds selected from a compound group
represented by general formula (II),


(in the general formula (II), R2 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having
1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms,

b represents 1, 2, 3, or 4,
A1 and A2 each independently represent a group selected from the group consisting of

(a) a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group (one —CH2— or two or more nonadjacent —CH2— present in the group may be substituted by —O— or —S—),

(b) a 1,4-phenylene group (one —CH? or two or more nonadjacent —CH? present in the group may be substituted by —N?), and
(c) a 1,4-bicyclo(2.2.2)octylene group, a naphthalene-2,6-diyl group, a decahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl group, a 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl
group, or a chromane-2,6-diyl group, one or two or more hydrogen atoms contained in the group (a), group (b), or group (c)
may be each substituted by a fluorine atom, a trifluoromethyl group, a trifluoromethoxy group, or a chlorine atom, and when
b represents 2, 3, or 4 and a plurality of A1 are present, the plurality of A1 present may be the same or different,

Z2 represents a single bond, —CH2CH2—, —CH?CH—, —C?C—, —CH2O—, —OCH2—, —CF2O—, —OCF2—, —COO—, or —OCO—, and when b represents 2, 3, or 4 and a plurality of Z2 are present, the plurality of Z2 present may be the same or different, and

Y1 represents a hydrogen atom, a fluorine atom, a chlorine atom, a trifluoromethyl group, a trifluoromethoxy group, an alkyl
group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 6 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms,
or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 6 carbon atoms);

bringing the raw material composition into contact with a purifying agent composed of one or a mixture of silica gel, alumina,
and an ion exchange resin after dissolving the raw material composition in an organic solvent or without adding an organic
solvent to the raw material composition, and then removing the purifying agent; and

when a composition after the purifying agent is removed does not contain the organic solvent, providing the composition as
a target composition, and when the composition after the purifying agent is removed contains the organic solvent, distilling
off the organic solvent to provide a target composition.

US Pat. No. 9,206,340

EASILY DISMANTLABLE ADHESIVE COMPOSITION AND EASILY DISMANTLABLE ADHESIVE TAPE

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. An easily dismantlable adhesive composition comprising:
an acrylic polymer; and
either an acid catalyst or an acid generator,
characterized in that the acrylic polymer comprises, as copolymer monomer components,
a carboxyl-precursor-group-containing-(meth)acrylate monomer,
an n-butyl acrylate, and
a polar-group-containing monomer, and
a content of the polar-group-containing monomer is 5 to 30% by mass, relative to a total mass of the monomer components composing
the acrylic polymer.

US Pat. No. 9,464,198

CONDUCTIVE PASTE, METHOD FOR FORMING CONDUCTIVE PATTERN, AND OBJECT WITH PRINTED CONDUCTIVE PATTERN

DIC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A conductive paste for bezel-pattern printing performed by a gravure offset printing process, the conductive paste comprising
conductive metal particles (A); an organic compound (B) that is solid at 50° C. and has a boiling point of more than 300°
C. at normal pressure; an organic compound (C) that is liquid at 50° C. and has a boiling point of more than 300° C. at normal
pressure; and an organic solvent (D) that is not the (B) or (C), does not have reactivity with the (B) or (C), and has a boiling
point of 170° C. to 300° C. at normal pressure,
wherein a ratio of non-volatile matter of the (B) to a total of the (A) to (D) in terms of mass is 1.0% to 3.0%, and
a mass ratio R/P of a total amount R of, in terms of mass of non-volatile matter, the organic compound (B) and the organic
compound (C) used to an amount P of the conductive metal particles (A) used is 0.07 to 0.15.

US Pat. No. 9,481,631

PHENOLIC HYDROXYL GROUP-CONTAINING COMPOUND, PHENOLIC HYDROXYL GROUP-CONTAINING COMPOSITION, (METH)ACRYLOYL GROUP-CONTAINING RESIN, CURABLE COMPOSITION, CURED PRODUCT THEREOF, AND RESIST MATERIAL

DIC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A phenolic hydroxyl group-containing composition comprising a plurality of phenolic hydroxyl group-containing compounds
represented by the general formula (1) below,
in the formula, R1, R2, and R3 are each independently an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, m and n are each independently an integer of 1 to 4, p is
an integer of 0 to 4, V is a hydrogen atom, a (meth)acryloyloxy group, or a hydroxyl group, and W, X, and Y are each independently
a (meth)acryloyloxy group or a hydroxyl group, wherein the average number of (meth)acryloyloxy groups per molecule is in a
range of 0.5 to 2.5, wherein at least one hydroxyl group is not in the ortho-position with respect to the center.
US Pat. No. 9,469,810

POLYMERIZABLE LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION AND THIN FILM USING SAME

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A polymerizable liquid crystal composition characterized by comprising:
5 to 30 percent by mass of compound having at least two polymerizable functional groups as a first component, wherein at least
one of the compound having at least two polymerizable functional groups is represented by General formula (1),

P1-E1-A1-Z1-A2-Z2-A3-E2-P2  (1)

(in the formula, P1 and P2 represent independently an acrylate group or a methacrylate group,

E1 and E2 represent independently an alkylene group having the carbon atom number of 1 to 15, at least one methylene group present in
the alkylene group may be substituted with an oxygen atom, —CO—, —OCO—, —COO—, or —CH?CH—, where oxygen atoms are not directly
bonded to each other,

A1, A2, and A3 represent independently a 1,4-phenylene group or a 2,6-naphthylene group, the 1,4-phenylene group or the 2,6-naphthylene group
may be unsubstituted or have at least one fluorine atom, chlorine atom, or alkyl group having the carbon atom number of 1
to 3 (at least one methylene group in the alkyl group may be substituted with an oxygen atom, —CO—, —OCO—, or —COO—, where
oxygen atoms are not directly bonded to each other) as a substituent, at least one of A1, A2, and A3 has a substituent,

Z1 and Z2 represent independently —COO—, —OCO—, —CH2CH2—, —COO—CH2CH2—, —OCO—CH2CH2—, —CH2CH2—COO—, —CH2CH2—OCO—, or a single bond) and

at least one type of compound represented by General formula (2) as a second component
P3-E3-A4-Z3-A5-Z4-A6-R1  (2)

(in the formula, P3 represents independently an acrylate group or a methacrylate group,

E3 represents an alkylene group having the carbon atom number of 1 to 15, at least one methylene group present in the alkylene
group may be substituted with an oxygen atom, —CO—, —OCO—, —COO—, or —CH?CH—, where oxygen atoms are not directly bonded to
each other,

A4, A5, and A6 represent independently a 1,4-phenylene group or a 2,6-naphthylene group, the 1,4-phenylene group or the 2,6-naphthylene group
may be unsubstituted or have at least one fluorine atom, chlorine atom, or alkyl group having the carbon atom number of 1
to 3 (at least one methylene group in the alkyl group may be substituted with an oxygen atom, —CO—, —OCO—, or —COO—, where
oxygen atoms are not directly bonded to each other) as a substituent, at least one of A4, A5, and A6 has a substituent,

Z3 and Z4 represent independently —COO—, —OCO—, —CH2CH2—, or a single bond,

R1 represents a hydrogen atom, a fluorine atom, a chlorine atom, a cyano group, or an alkyl group having the carbon atom number
of 1 to 15, and at least one methylene group present in the alkyl group may be substituted with an oxygen atom, —CO—, —OCO—,
—COO—, or —CH?CH—, where oxygen atoms are not directly bonded to each other).

US Pat. No. 9,390,830

CONDUCTIVE PASTE FOR SCREEN PRINTING

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A method to produce a circuit pattern by using a conductive paste for screen printing, comprising;
providing the conductive paste, wherein the conductive paste comprises:
metal nanoparticles (Y) having a surface coated with a polymer compound having a branched polyalkyleneimine chain and a polymer
chain selected from the group consisting of a polyoxyalkylene chain, a polymer chain composed of a polyvinyl alcohol, a polymer
chain composed of a water-soluble poly(meth)acrylic acid, a polyacylalkyleneimine chain having a hydrophilic substituent,
and a polymer chain composed of a polyacrylamide;

an aliphatic monocarboxylic acid having 6 to 10 carbon atoms and/or succinic anhydride; and
an organic solvent (B), wherein a polyalkylene glycol is used as the organic solvent (B),
wherein a nonvolatile content of the metal nanoparticles (Y) is 70% to 90% on a mass basis in the conductive past,
printing the conductive paste on a substrate, and
baking the conductive paste at a temperature of 150° C. or lower to form a circuit pattern having a resistivity on the order
of 10?5 ?cm.

US Pat. No. 9,315,727

COMPOUND HAVING FLUORINATED NAPHTHALENE STRUCTURE AND LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION OF THE SAME

DIC CORPORATION (TOKYO), ...

1. A compound represented by general formula (1),

(in the formula, R represents an alkyl group having 1 to 15 carbon atoms or an alkenyl group having 2 to 15 carbon atoms;
one —CH2— or two or more non-adjacent —CH2— in the groups may be each independently substituted with —O—, —S—, —COO—, —OCO—, or —CO—;

A1 to A4 are each independently selected from the group consisting of

(a) a 1,4-cyclohexylene group (one —CH2— in this group may be substituted with —S— and two or more non-adjacent —CH2— in this group may be each independently substituted with —O— or —S—) and

(b) a 1,4-phenylene group (one —CH? or two or more non-adjacent —CH? in this group may be substituted with —N?, and a hydrogen
atom in this group may be substituted with a fluorine atom or a chlorine atom);

Z1 to Z4 each independently represent —CF2O—, —OCF2—, —CH2CH2—, —CF2CF2—, —CH?CH—, —CF?CF—, —C?C—, or a single bond, and at least one of Z1 to Z4 present in the compound represents —CF2O— or —OCF2—;

Xa to Xd each independently represent a hydrogen atom, a fluorine atom, or a chlorine atom; and

n represents 0 or 1).

US Pat. No. 9,487,704

NEMATIC LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY ELEMENT USING SAME

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal composition comprising, as a first component, a compound represented by a formula (Ix)

in a content of 3% to 60% by mass; and, as a second component that is a component (A) having a positive dielectric anisotropy
(??), at least one compound represented by a general formula (Pa)


(where RNc1 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms or an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms in which one or non-adjacent
two or more —CH2— in the groups may each be independently substituted with —C?C—, —O—, —CO—, —COO—, or —OCO—; rings P1, P2, and P3 each independently represent a 1,4-cyclohexylene group (one or non-adjacent two or more —CH2— in the group may be substituted with —O— or —S—) or a 1,4-phenylene group (one or non-adjacent two or more —CH? in the group
may be substituted with —N?); hydrogen atoms in the rings P1, P2, and P3 may each be independently substituted with a cyano group, a fluorine atom, or a chlorine atom; ZNc1, ZNc2, and ZNc3 each independently represent a single bond, —CH2CH2—, —(CH2)4—, —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —OCF2—, —CF2O—, —COO—, —OCO—, or —C?C—; nc1, nc2, and nc3 each independently represent 0, 1, or 2 and nc1+nc2+nc3 represents 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5; in a case where nc1, nc2, and/or nc3 represents 2 and a plurality of rings P1, P2, P3, ZNc1, ZNc2, and/or ZNc3 are present, these may be the same or different; XNc1 and XNc2 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, a chlorine atom, or a fluorine atom; and YNc1 represents a fluorine atom, a chlorine atom, a cyano group, a trifluoromethyl group, a fluoromethoxy group, a difluoromethoxy
group, a trifluoromethoxy group, or a 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl group), wherein, in the at least one compound represented by the
general formula (Pa), ZNc1, ZNc2, and ZNc3 represent a single bond and nc1, nc2, and nc3 represent 1.

US Pat. No. 9,353,312

POLYMERIZABLE COMPOUND-CONTAINING LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE USING THE SAME

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A polymerizable compound-containing liquid crystal composition comprising:
as a first component, at least one polymerizable compound represented by general formula (I-1) or general formula (I-2),
where R1 and R2 each independently represent any of formulae (R-1) or (R-2), and at least one of R1 and R2 represents formulae (R-2),

as a second component, at least one compound represented by general formula (II-A),
where R5 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms or an alkenyl group having 2 to 10 carbon atoms, wherein at least one
hydrogen atom present in the group may be substituted by a fluorine atom, R6 represents an alkyl group or alkoxyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms or an alkenyl group or alkenyloxy group having 2 to
10 carbon atoms, wherein at least one hydrogen atom present in the group may be substituted by a fluorine atom, and m represents
0, 1. or 2).
US Pat. No. 9,187,578

POLYMER MODIFIED PIGMENT AND PRODUCTION PROCESS OF THE SAME

DIC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A polymer modified pigment particle having a polymer (P-1) on the surface of a pigment (A), wherein
the polymer (P-1) is obtained by copolymerizing in a non-aqueous solvent, a copolymer (B-1) and at least one kind of polymerizable
unsaturated monomer (C); and

the copolymer (B-1) comprises at least one polymerizable unsaturated group, is obtained by polymerization of a polymerizable
unsaturated monomer, and is soluble in a non-aqueous solvent; and

at least one kind of polymerizable unsaturated monomer (C) is soluble in the non-aqueous solvent and either insoluble or poorly
soluble following polymerization, and includes a polyfunctional polymerizable unsaturated monomer.

US Pat. No. 9,382,401

NONDRYING POLYMER HYDROGEL

DIC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A nondrying polymer hydrogel including a deliquescent substance in such a manner that the water vapor pressure shown by
the polymer hydrogel is equal to or lower than the water vapor partial pressure in the atmosphere;
wherein the polymer hydrogel has a network formed by a polymer of a water-soluble radically-polymerizable organic monomer
and a delaminated water-swellable clay mineral; and

the water-soluble radically-polymerizable organic monomer comprises N,N-dimethyl acrylamide.

US Pat. No. 9,324,956

PHTHALOCYANINE NANO-SIZE STRUCTURES, AND ELECTRONIC ELEMENTS USING SAID NANO-SIZE STRUCTURES

DIC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A phthalocyanine nano-sized substance, comprising:
unsubstituted phthalocyanine; and
phthalocyanine having a substituent,
wherein a shape of the substance has a major axis and a minor axis and the minor axis is 500 nm or less,
wherein the unsubstituted phthalocyanine is represented by general formula (1) or (2):

(provided that, in the formulae, X is any one selected from the group composed of a copper atom, a zinc atom, a cobalt atom,
a nickel atom, a tin atom, a lead atom, a magnesium atom, an iron atom, a palladium atom, a calcium atom, GeO, TiO, VO and
AlCl), and

wherein the phthalocyanine having a substituent is represented by general formula (3) or (4):

(provided that, in the formulae, X is any one selected from the group composed of a copper atom, a zinc atom, a cobalt atom,
a nickel atom, a tin atom, a lead atom, a magnesium atom, an iron atom, a palladium atom, a calcium atom, GeO, TiO, VO and
AlCl,

each hydrogen atom in a benzene ring of a phthalocyanine skeleton may be substituted with fluorine, chlorine, and bromine,
Z1 to Z8 are each independently a hydrogen atom, an acyclic hydrocarbon group having 1 to 30 carbon atoms which may have a substituent,
a cyclic hydrocarbon group having 1 to 30 carbon atoms which may have a substituent and a heteroaryl group which may have
a substituent, a, b, c and d each independently represent an integer of 0 to 4, but, at least one of those is not 0, and a
case where Z1 to Z8 are general formula (5) or (6) and a case where both of them are hydrogen atoms are excluded),


(wherein, q is an integer of 4 to 100, Q is each independently a hydrogen atom or a methyl group, and Q? is an acyclic hydrocarbon
group having 1 to 30 carbon atoms),


(wherein, m is an integer of 1 to 20, R and R? are each independently an alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms).

US Pat. No. 9,376,618

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. An FFS mode liquid crystal display device comprising a first transparent insulating substrate and a second transparent
insulating substrate disposed so as to face each other; a liquid crystal layer containing a liquid crystal composition and
sandwiched between the first transparent insulating substrate and the second transparent insulating substrate;
a common electrode composed of a transparent conductive material and disposed on the first transparent insulating substrate;
a plurality of gate bus lines and a plurality of data bus lines disposed on the first transparent insulating substrate so
as to form a matrix;

a thin film transistor disposed at each of intersections of the gate bus lines and the data bus lines; a pixel electrode composed
of a transparent conductive material and driven by the transistor, the thin film transistor and the pixel electrode being
included in each pixel; and

alignment films that induce homogeneous alignment and are disposed between the liquid crystal layer and the first transparent
insulating substrate and between the liquid crystal layer and the second transparent insulating substrate, alignment directions
of the alignment films being parallel to each other,

wherein an interelectrode distance R between the pixel electrode and the common electrode is smaller than a distance G between
the first transparent insulating substrate and the second transparent insulating substrate so that a fringing field is formed
between the pixel electrode and the common electrode, wherein the interelectrode distance (R) being 0,

the common electrode is disposed on substantially an entire surface of the first transparent insulating substrate so as to
be closer to the first transparent insulating substrate than the pixel electrode, and

the liquid crystal composition has a negative dielectric anisotropy, a nematic phase-isotropic liquid phase transition temperature
of 60° C. or higher, and an absolute value of dielectric anisotropy of 2 or more, the liquid crystal composition having a
refractive index anisotropy ?n of 0.10 or more, and

the liquid crystal composition comprises: at least one compound selected from the group of compounds represented by general
formula (I), at least one compound selected from the group of compounds represented by general formula (II); and one or more
of compounds represented by general formula (IV),


wherein in the general formula (I), R1 and R2 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy
group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms; A represents a 1,4-phenylene group or
a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group; k represents 1 or 2; and when k represents 2, two A may be the same or different),


wherein in the general formula (II), R3 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having
1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms; R4 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 4 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having
1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 3 to 8 carbon atoms; B represents a 1,4-phenylene group or a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene
group; m represents 0, 1, or 2; and when m represents 2, two B may be the same or different,


wherein the general formula (IV), R7 and R8 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy
group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms; one or more hydrogen atoms in the alkyl
group, the alkenyl group, the alkoxy group, or the alkenyloxy group may be substituted with fluorine atoms; a methylene group
in the alkyl group, the alkenyl group, the alkoxy group, or the alkenyloxy group may be substituted with an oxygen atom as
long as oxygen atoms do not directly bond to each other and may be substituted with a carbonyl group as long as carbonyl groups
do not directly bond to each other;

A1 and A2 each independently represent a 1,4-cyclohexylene group, a 1,4-phenylene group, or a tetrahydropyran-2,5-diyl group; when A1 and/or A2 represents a 1,4-phenylene group, one or more hydrogen atoms in the 1,4-phenylene group may be substituted with fluorine atoms;

Z‘and Z2 each independently represent a single bond, —OCH2—, —OCF2—, —CH2O—, or CF2O-;

n1 and n2 each independently represent 0, 1, 2, or 3 and n1+n2 is 1 to 3;when a plurality of A1, A2, Z1, and/or Z2 are present, A1, A2, Z1, and/or Z2 may be the same or different,

wherein the general formula (IV) excludes a compound in which n1 represents 1 or 2, n2 represents 0, A1 represents a 1,4-cyclohexylene group, and all Z1 represent single bonds,

wherein the total content of the compounds represented by the general formula (I), the general formula (II), and the general
formula (IV) in the liquid crystal composition is 80 to 100 mass %.

US Pat. No. 9,175,221

NEMATIC LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY ELEMENT USING SAME

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A nematic liquid crystal composition having a negative dielectric anisotropy with an absolute value from 2 to 8 at 25°
C., the composition comprising at least one liquid crystal compound having a negative dielectric anisotropy with an absolute
value of 4 or more and at least one antioxidant represented by General Formula (II), wherein the amount of the liquid crystal
compound is not less than 3%

(where M represents an alkylene group having 1 to 15 carbon atoms or a single bond).

US Pat. No. 9,441,160

FLUOROBIPHENYL-CONTAINING COMPOSITION

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A composition used in a liquid crystal display device, the composition consisting of:
a compound represented by General Formula (i);
a compound represented by General Formula (ii);
a compound represented by General Formula (VIII-1);
a compound represented by General Formula (I-1-1);
a compound represented by General Formula (I-1-2),
a compound represented by General Formula (L);
a compound represented by General Formula (M);
optionally a compound represented by General Formula (Q); and
optionally a polymerizable compound;

wherein the total amount of the compound represented by General Formula (I-1-1) and the compound represented by General Formula
(I-1-2) is at least 31 mass % relative to the total amount of the composition, and the amount of the compound represented
by General Formula (VIII-1) is in the range of 2 mass % to 8 mass % relative to the total amount of the composition,


where Ri1, Rii1, and Rii2 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms; in the alkyl group, one —CH2— group or two or more —CH2— groups not adjoining each other are each independently optionally substituted with —CH?CH—, —C?C—, —O—, —CO—, —COO—, or
—OCO—; mi1 represents 2; Ai1 represents a 1,4-cyclohexylene group; Zi1 represents a single bond; and Xi1 and Xii1 to Xii4 each independently represent a hydrogen atom or a fluorine atom,


where R8 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 5 carbon atoms, or an alkoxy group having
1 to 4 carbon atoms,


where R12's each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms

where RL1 and RL2 each independently represent a linear alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, and one —CH2— group or two or more —CH2— groups not adjoining each other in the alkyl group are each independently optionally substituted with —CH?CH—, —C?C—, —O—,
—CO—, —COO—, or —OCO—; OL represents 0, 1, 2, or 3; BL1, BL2, and BL3 each independently represent a group selected from the group consisting of
(a) a 1,4-cyclohexylene group in which one —CH2— group or two or more —CH2— groups not adjoining each other are optionally substituted with —O—, and(b) a 1,4-phenylene group in which one —CH? group or two or more —CH? groups not adjoining each other are optionally substituted
with —N?, andthe groups (a) and (b) are each independently optionally substituted with a cyano group, or a fluorine atom; LL1 and LL2 each independently represent a single bond, —CH2CH2—, —(CH2)4—, —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —COO—, —OCO—, —OCF2—, —CF2O—, —CH?N—N?CH—, —CH?CH—, or —C?C—; in the case where OL is 2 or 3 and where LL2 is multiple, the multiple LL2's are the same as or different from each other; in the case where OL is 2 or 3 and where BL3 is multiple, the multiple BL3's are the same as or different from each other; wherein the compound represented by General Formula (L) excludes the compound
represented by General Formula (ii), the compound represented by General Formula (I-1-1), and the compound represented by
General Formula (I-1-2),

where RM1 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, and one —CH2— group or two or more —CH2— groups not adjoining each other in the alkyl group are each independently optionally substituted with —CH?CH—, —C?C—, —O—,
—CO—, —COO—, or —OCO—; PM represents 0, 1, or 2; CM1 and CM2 each independently represent a group selected from the group consisting of
(d) a 1,4-cyclohexylene group in which one —CH2— group or two or more —CH2— groups not adjoining each other are optionally substituted with —O— or —S—, and(e) a 1,4-phenylene group in which one —CH? group or two or more —CH? groups not adjoining each other are optionally substituted
with —N?, andthe groups (d) and (e) are each independently optionally substituted with a cyano group, or a fluorine atom; KM1 and KM2 each independently represent a single bond, —CH2CH2—, —(CH2)4—, —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —OCF2—, —CF2O—, —COO—, —OCO—, or —C?C—; in the case where PM is 2 and where KM1 is multiple, the multiple KM1's are the same as or different from each other; in the case where PM is 2 and where CM2 is multiple, the multiple CM2's are the same as or different from each other; XM1 and XM3 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, or a fluorine atom; XM2 represents a hydrogen atom, a fluorine atom, a cyano group, a trifluoromethyl group, a fluoromethoxy group, a difluoromethoxy
group, a trifluoromethoxy group, or a 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl group; and the compound represented by General Formula (M) excludes
the compound represented by General Formula (i) and the compound represented by General Formula (VIII-1),
where RQ represents a linear or branched alkyl group having 1 to 22 carbon atoms; at least one CH2 group in the alkyl group is optionally substituted with —O—, —CH?CH—, —CO—, —OCO—, —COO—, —C?C—, —CF2O—, or —OCF2— such that oxygen atoms do not directly adjoin each other; and MQ represents a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group, a 1,4-phenylene group, or a single bond.
US Pat. No. 9,321,944

EASILY DISMANTLABLE ADHESIVE AGENT COMPOSITION AND EASILY DISMANTLABLE ADHESIVE TAPE

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A dismantlable adhesive composition including an acrylic polymer, and an acid catalyst or an acid generator,
wherein the acrylic polymer includes a (meth)acrylate monomer having a carboxyl precursor group, 2-ethyl hexyl acrylate, and
a monomer having a polar group as a monomer,

wherein the polar group is a hydroxyl group, carboxyl group, amino group, imino group or amide group,
wherein the monomer constituting the acrylic polymer includes 1 to 75% by mass of the (meth)acrylate monomer having a carboxyl
precursor group, 20% by mass or more of the 2-ethyl hexyl acrylate, and 1 to 30% by mass of the monomer having the polar group;
and

wherein the dismantlable adhesive composition is a pressure sensitive adhesive composition.

US Pat. No. 9,469,592

RADICALLY CURABLE COMPOUND, METHOD FOR PRODUCING RADICALLY CURABLE COMPOUND, RADICALLY CURABLE COMPOSITION, CURED PRODUCT OF THE SAME, AND RESIST-MATERIAL COMPOSITION

DIC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A radically curable compound represented by a general formula (1) below
where R1, R2, and R3 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms; m and n each independently represent an integer of
1 to 4; p represents an integer of 0 to 4; X, Y, and Z each independently represent an acryloyloxy group or a methacryloyloxy
group; and t represents 1 or 2.

US Pat. No. 9,745,513

NEMATIC LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE USING SAME

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A nematic liquid crystal composition comprising, as a first component, at least one compound represented by general formula
(I)
in the formula, R1 represents a linear alkyl group or branched alkyl group having 1 to 24 carbon atoms, one or two or more CH2 groups in the alkyl group may be substituted by —O—, —CO—, —OCO—, or —COO— so that oxygen atoms are not directly adjacent
to each other, and M1 represents a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group or a 1,4-phenylene group, and, as s second component, one or two or more compounds
represented by general formula (II-d)
in the formula, R21 and R22 each independently represent an alkyl group or alkoxy group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms or an alkenyl group having 2 to 10
carbon atoms, wherein dielectric anisotropy (??) at 25° C. is ?2.0 or less,
wherein the content of the compound represented by the general formula (I) is 0.001% by mass to 1% by mass, and the content
of the compound represented by the general formula (II) is 5% by mass to 30% by mass.

US Pat. No. 9,436,032

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising a first substrate, a second substrate, a liquid crystal composition layer sandwiched
between the first substrate and the second substrate, a color filter constituted by a black matrix and at least RGB three-color
pixel portions, a pixel electrode, and a common electrode,
wherein the liquid crystal composition layer contains a liquid crystal composition that contains one or more compounds represented
by general formula (I),

(in the formula, R31 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having
2 to 10 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 10 carbon atoms; M31 to M33 each independently represent a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group or a 1,4-phenylene group, one or two —CH2— in the trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group may be substituted with —O— as long as oxygen atoms are not directly adjacent to each
other, and one or two hydrogen atoms in the phenylene group may be substituted with fluorine atoms; X31 and X32 each independently represent a hydrogen atom or a fluorine atom; Z31 represents a fluorine atom, a trifluoromethoxy group, or a trifluoromethyl group; n31 and n32 each independently represent 0, 1, or 2 and n31+n32 is 0, 1, or 2; and when a plurality of M31 and M33 are present, the plurality of M31 may be the same or different and the plurality of M33 may be the same or different) and that contains one or more compounds selected from the group consisting of compounds represented
by general formula (II-a) to general formula (II-f),
(in the formulae, R19 to R30 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, or an
alkenyl group having 2 to 10 carbon atoms; and X21 represents a hydrogen atom or a fluorine atom),
the color filter is a color filter containing an organic pigment, the organic pigment having a slope parameter of 2 or less,
wherein in a scattering profile analysis of the organic pigment in the color filter, the analysis including a step (A) of
measuring an ultra-small angle X-ray profile of the organic pigment by ultra-small angle X-ray scattering, a step (B) of calculating
a curve point on the scattering profile, a step (C) of calculating an analysis region (c1) set in accordance with the curve
point, and a step (D) of calculating the slope parameter in the analysis region c1.

US Pat. No. 9,321,961

NEMATIC LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION

DIC CORPORATION (TOKYO), ...

1. A liquid crystal composition having a positive dielectric anisotropy, the liquid crystal composition comprising compounds
belonging to two or more groups selected from groups of compounds represented by general formula (LC0-1) to general formula
(LC0-3); and one or more compounds selected from groups of compounds represented by general formula (LC1) to general formula
(LC5):
(In the formulae, R01 to R41 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 15 carbon atoms where one or more —CH2— in the alkyl group may each be substituted with —O—, —CH?CH—, —CO—, —OCO—, —COO—, —C?C—, —CF2O—, or —OCF2— as long as oxygen atoms are not directly adjacent to each other, and one or more hydrogen atoms in the alkyl group may each
be optionally substituted with a halogen; R51 and R52 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 15 carbon atoms where one or more —CH2— in the alkyl group may each be substituted with —O—, —CH?CH—, —CO—, —OCO—, —COO—, or —C?C— as long as oxygen atoms are not
directly adjacent to each other; A01 to A42 each independently represent any of the structures below:
(where one or more —CH2— in a cyclohexane ring in the structure may each be substituted with —O— as long as oxygen atoms are not directly adjacent
to each other, one or more —CH? in a benzene ring in the structure may each be substituted with —N? as long as nitrogen atoms
are not directly adjacent to each other, and X61 and X62 each independently represent —H, —Cl, —F, —CF3, or —OCF3); A51 to A53 each independently represent any of the structures below:
(In the formulae, one or more —CH2CH2— in a cyclohexane ring may each be substituted with —CH?CH—, —CF2O—, or —OCF2—, and one or more —CH? in a benzene ring may each be substituted with —N? as long as nitrogen atoms are not directly adjacent
to each other); X01 to X03 each represent a hydrogen atom or a fluorine atom; X11 to X43 each independently represent —H, —Cl, —F, —CF3, or —OCF3; Y01 to Y41 each represent —Cl, —F, —CF3, or —OCF3; Z01 and Z02 each independently represent a single bond, —CH?CH—, —CC—, —CH2CH2—, —(CH2)4—, —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —OCF2—, or —CF2O—; Z31 to Z42 each independently represent a single bond, —CH?CH—, —CC—, —CH2CH2—, or —(CH2)4—, but Z31 and Z32 may each be independently —OCF2— or —CF2O—; when m42 is 0, Z41 and Z42 may each be independently —OCH2—, —OCF2—, or —CF2O—; and at least one of Z31 and Z32 that are present is not a single bond; Z51 and Z52 each independently represent a single bond, —CH?CH—, —C?C—, —CH2CH2—, —(CH2)4—, —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —OCF2—, or —CF2O—; m01 to m51 each independently represent an integer of 0 to 3; m31+m32 and m41+m42 each independently represent 1, 2, 3, or 4; and when a plurality of A01, A02, A03, A23, A31, A32, A41, A42, A52, Z01, Z02, Z31, Z32, Z41, Z42, and/or Z52 are present, they may be the same of different).
US Pat. No. 10,351,882

METHOD FOR PRODUCING AN OIL OR FAT COMPONENT AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING HIGHER UNSATURATED FATTY ACID USING ALGAE

National University Corpo...

1. A method for producing an oil or fat component, the method comprising:culturing salt-tolerant algae belonging to Chlamydomonas in a multi-stage culture method with a total number of stages being 3 to 8, wherein the sea salt or sodium chloride concentration of a culture medium in a first stage is in the range of 0.5% by mass to 5% by mass of the total culture medium, and the sea salt or sodium chloride concentration to be increased for each stage after the first stage is in the range of 0.5% by mass to 5% by mass of the total culture medium;
recovering the salt-tolerant algae; and
harvesting the oil or fat component from the recovered salt-tolerant algae.

US Pat. No. 9,321,960

NEMATIC LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE USING SAME

DIC CORPORATION (TOKYO), ...

1. A composition comprising
a compound represented by general formula (i) shown below,
a compound represented by general formula (ii) shown below, and
a compound represented by general formula (M) shown below:

wherein each of Xi1 to Xi6 independently represents a hydrogen atom, a fluorine atom or a chlorine atom, in which at least one of Xi1 to Xi6 is a fluorine atom, and each of Xii1 to Xii4 independently represents a hydrogen atom, a fluorine atom or a chlorine atom, in which at least one of Xii1 to Xii4 is a fluorine atom; and


wherein RM1 represents an alkyl group of 1 to 8 carbon atoms, and one —CH2— group or two or more non-adjacent —CH2— groups within the alkyl group may each be independently substituted with —CH?CH—, —C?C—, —O—, —CO—, —COO— or —OCO—,

PM represents 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4,
each of CM1 and CM2 independently represents a group selected from the group consisting of:

(d) a 1,4-cyclohexylene group (wherein one —CH2— group or two or more non-adjacent —CH2— groups that exist within this group may each be substituted with —O— or —S—), and

(e) a 1,4-phenylene group (wherein one —CH? group or two or more non-adjacent —CH? groups that exist within this group may
each be substituted with —N?),

and the group (d) and the group (e) may each be independently substituted with a cyano group, a fluorine atom or a chlorine
atom,

each of KM1 and KM2 independently represents a single bond, —CH2CH2—, —(CH2)4—, —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —OCF2—, —CF2O—, —COO—, —OCO— or —CC—,

when PM represents 2, 3 or 4 and a plurality of KM1 exists, the KM1 may be identical or different, when PM represents 2, 3 or 4 and a plurality of CM2 exists, the CM2 may be identical or different,

each of XM1 and XM3 independently represents a hydrogen atom, a chlorine atom or a fluorine atom, and

XM2 represents fluorine atom, chlorine atom, cyano group, trifluoromethyl group, fluoromethoxy group, difluoromethoxy group, trifluoromethoxy
group or 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl group,

wherein at least one of the compound represented by the general formula (M) in which at least one of KM1 and KM2 is —CF2O— is included in the composition; and

compounds represented by the general formula 26.2 and 45.2:

US Pat. No. 9,459,488

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising a first substrate, a second substrate, a liquid crystal composition layer sandwiched
between the first substrate and the second substrate, a color filter constituted by a black matrix and at least RGB three
color pixel portions, a pixel electrode, and a common electrode,
wherein the liquid crystal composition layer contains a liquid crystal composition containing at least one compound represented
by general formula (I),


(in general formula, R31 represents an alkyl group or alkoxy group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms or an alkenyl group or alkenyloxy group having 2 to
10 carbon atoms, M31 to M33 each independently represent a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group or a 1,4-phenylene group, one or two —CH2— in the trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group may be substituted with —O— unless oxygen atoms directly bond to each other, one or
two hydrogen atoms in the phenylene group may be substituted with a fluorine atom, X31 and X32 each independently represent a hydrogen atom or a fluorine atom, Z31 represents a fluorine atom, a trifluoromethoxy group, or a trifluoromethyl group, n31 and n32 each independently represent 0, 1, or 2, n31+n32 represents 0, 1, or 2, and when a plurality of M31 or M33 are present, the plurality of M31 may be the same or different or the plurality of M33 may be the same or different), and at least one compound selected from the group consisting of compounds represented by general
formula (II-a) to general formula (II-e),


(in general formulae, R21 to R30 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms or an alkenyl group having 2 to 10 carbon atoms, and
X21 represents a hydrogen atom or a fluorine atom);

the RGB three color pixel portions contain, in a G pixel portion as a coloring material, a halogenated metal phthalocyanine
pigment having a central metal selected from the group consisting of Al, Si, Sc, Ti, V, Mg, Fe, Co, Ni, Zn, Ga, Ge, Y, Zr,
Nb, In, Sn, and Pb; when the central metal is a trivalent metal, any one of a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group, and a sulfonic
acid group bonds to the central metal or the central metal forms an oxo-bridge or thio-bridge; and, when the central metal
is a tetravalent metal, a single oxygen atom or any two of a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group, and a sulfonic acid group which
may be the same or different bond to the central metal.

US Pat. No. 9,250,476

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising:
a first substrate,
a second substrate,
a liquid crystal composition layer sandwiched between the first substrate and the second substrate,
an electrode that is disposed on at least one of the first substrate and the second substrate and controls liquid crystal
molecules in the liquid crystal composition layer, and

a vertical alignment film that is disposed on at least one of the first substrate and the second substrate and controls an
alignment direction of liquid crystal molecules in the liquid crystal composition layer so that the alignment direction is
substantially vertical to a surface of the first substrate and a surface of the second substrate that are adjacent to the
liquid crystal composition layer,

wherein the vertical alignment film is formed of a cured product of a polymerizable liquid crystal compound, in which an alignment
direction of the polymerizable liquid crystal compound at a surface adjacent to the liquid crystal composition layer is substantially
vertical to the surface of the first substrate and the surface of the second substrate that are adjacent to the liquid crystal
composition layer, and

wherein a liquid crystal composition constituting the liquid crystal composition layer contains a compound represented by
general formula (I)

(In the formula, R1 and R2 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy
group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms; A represents a 1,4-phenylene group or
a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group; 1 represents 1 or 2; and when 1 is 2, the two A may be the same or different from each other)
and a compound represented by general formula (II)
(In the formula, R3 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having
1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms; R4 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 4 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having
1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 3 to 8 carbon atoms; B represents a 1,4-phenylene group or a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene
group; m represents 0, 1, or 2; and when m is 2, the two B may be the same or different from each other).
US Pat. No. 9,194,979

SEPARATED LIQUID COLORATION COMPOSITION AND COLORED LIQUID USING SAME

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A separated colored liquid composition capable of an optical modulation, the separated colored liquid composition comprising:
a colored liquid (A), a liquid (B) immiscible with the colored liquid, and an additive (C),
wherein the additive (C) is at least one additive (C) selected from the group consisting of a fluorine-based surfactant and
a silicone-based surfactant,

the silicone-based surfactant is alkylene oxide-modified polyorganosiloxane with HLB (hydrophilic-lipophilic balance) of not
less than four,

the fluorine-based surfactant is a polymer or copolymer produced through polymerization or copolymerization of a monomer (X)
which is an essential monomer and which has at least one functional group selected from the group consisting of a fluorinated
alkyl group, a fluorinated alkylene group, a fluorinated alkyl ether group, and a fluorinated alkylene ether group and a polymerizable
group at one or two ends of the structure, and

wherein the separated colored liquid composition for forming an image in a device involving an optical modulation by an electrowetting
technique or an electrofluidic technique such that a color or brightness of the composition can be changed by applying an
external electric field thereto, thereby moving or subjecting the colored liquid to a change in shape.

US Pat. No. 9,441,158

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising a first substrate, a second substrate, a liquid crystal composition layer disposed
between the first substrate and the second substrate, a color filter including a black matrix and at least RGB three-color
pixel portions, a pixel electrode, and a common electrode, wherein
the liquid crystal composition layer contains a liquid crystal composition containing a compound represented by Formula (I)
in an amount of 30 to 50%


(where R1 and R2 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy
group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms; and A represents a 1,4-phenylene group
or a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group), a compound represented by Formula (II-1) in an amount of 5 to 30%


(where R3 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having
1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms; R4 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 4 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having
1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 3 to 8 carbon atoms; and Z3 represents a single bond, —CH?CH—, —C?C—, —CH2CH2—, —(CH2)4—, —COO—, —OCO—, —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —OCF2—, or —CF2O—), and a compound represented by Formula (II-2) in an amount of 25 to 45%


(where R5 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having
1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms; R6 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 4 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having
1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 3 to 8 carbon atoms; B represents a 1,4-phenylene group or trans-1,4-cyclohexylene
group which is optionally substituted with a fluorine atom; and Z4 represents a single bond, —CH?CH—, —C?C—, —CH2CH2—, —(CH2)4—, —COO—, —OCO—, —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —OCF2—, or —CF2O—), and

the black matrix contains a colorant that is at least one pigment selected from carbon black, titanium black, and an organic
pigment.

US Pat. No. 9,261,733

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising a first substrate that includes a common electrode, a second substrate that
includes a pixel electrode, and a liquid crystal composition layer sandwiched between the first substrate and the second substrate,
in which liquid crystal molecules in the liquid crystal composition layer are controlled by applying charges between the common
electrode and the pixel electrode substantially vertically to the first substrate and the second substrate,
wherein the liquid crystal display device includes a vertical alignment film on at least one of the first substrate and the
second substrate so that an alignment direction of the liquid crystal molecules in the liquid crystal composition layer is
controlled to be substantially vertical to the surfaces of the first substrate and the second substrate that are adjacent
to the liquid crystal composition layer, the vertical alignment film contains a polymer of a polymerizable compound having
a reactive group, and a liquid crystal composition constituting the liquid crystal composition layer contains a compound represented
by general formula (I)

(In the formula, R1 and R2 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy
group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms; A represents a 1,4-phenylene group or
a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group; 1 represents 1 or 2; and when 1 is 2, the two A may be the same or different from each other)
and a compound represented by general formula (II)
(In the formula, R3 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having
1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms; R4 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 4 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having
1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 3 to 8 carbon atoms; B represents a 1,4-phenylene group or a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene
group; m represents 0, 1, or 2; and when m is 2, the two B may be the same or different from each other).

US Pat. No. 9,255,055

METHOD FOR PRODUCING COMPOUND

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A method for producing a compound represented by general formula (I), the method comprising sequential steps including
preparing a solution of at least one compound represented by general formula (I)
(in the general formula (I), R1 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 6 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having
1 to 6 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 6 carbon atoms,
a represents 0, 1, or 2, b represents 0, 1, or 2, and satisfy 0?a+b?3,
A1, A2, A3, and A4 each independently represent a group selected from the group consisting of

 (a) a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group (in this group, a single —CH2— or two or more —CH2— that are not next to each other may be replaced by —O— or —S—),

 (b) a 1,4-phenylene group (in this group, a single —CH? or two or more —CH? that are not next to each other may be replaced
by a nitrogen atom), and

 (c) a 1,4-bicyclo(2.2.2)octylene group, a naphthalene-2,6-diyl group, a decahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl group, a 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl
group, or a chroman-2,6-diyl group; hydrogen atoms in the group (a), (b), or (c) may be each replaced by a fluorine atom,
a trifluoromethyl group, a trifluoromethoxy group, or a chlorine atom; in a case where a represents 2 and a plurality of A1 are present, these plurality of A1 may be the same or different; in a case where b represents 2 and a plurality of A4 are present, these plurality of A4 may be the same or different,

Z1 and Z2 each independently represent a single bond, —CH2CH2—, —CH?CH—, —C?C—, —CH2O—, —OCH2—, —CF2O—, —OCF2—, —COO—, or —OCO—; in a case where a represents 2 and a plurality of Z1 are present, these plurality of Z1 may be the same or different; in a case where b represents 2 and a plurality of Z2 are present, these plurality of Z2 may be the same or different, and

X1 represents a fluoromethoxy group, a difluoromethoxy group, a trifluoromethoxy group, a fluorine atom, a chlorine atom, an
alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 6 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 6 carbon
atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 6 carbon atoms);

bringing the solution into contact with a purifying agent or not bringing the solution into contact with a purifying agent;
subsequently performing crystallization from an obtained solution for crystallization to precipitate a crystal; collecting
the crystal by filtration; and drying the crystal,

wherein steps from initiation of the crystallization step to end of the drying step are performed in an atmosphere having
an oxygen concentration of 3% by volume or less.

US Pat. No. 9,359,514

INK JET RECORDING WATER-BASED INK AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A method for producing an ink jet recording aqueous ink, the method comprising:
a contact treatment of an aqueous liquid with an iminodiacetic acid-type chelating resin, the aqueous liquid to be treated
having a pH value of 8 to 11,

wherein the iminodiacetic acid-type chelating resin is in the form of particles or fibers,
wherein the aqueous liquid contains a pigment, an anionic group-containing resin, and a basic compound,
wherein each particle or fiber of the iminodiacetic acid-type chelating resin contains chelating groups, which include a potassium-bonded
chelating group and a hydrogen-bonded chelating group, and

wherein the iminodiacetic acid-type chelating resin used in the contact treatment consists of a proportion of the potassium-bonded
chelating group in all of the chelating groups in the range of 30 mol % to 90 mol %,

wherein a total content of polyvalent metals as impurities in the ink jet recording aqueous ink is not more than 1.2 ppm in
terms of 1 mass % of a pigment concentration.

US Pat. No. 9,340,634

POLYMER FOR USE IN LIQUID CRYSTAL ALIGNMENT LAYER

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A polymer for use in a liquid crystal vertical alignment layer, comprising (a) a moiety that is photochemically isomerizable
but not photochemically crosslinked; (b) a moiety that is photochemically crosslinkable; and (c) a moiety that stabilizes
a vertical alignment.

US Pat. No. 9,285,628

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising a first substrate, a second substrate, a liquid crystal composition layer held
between the first substrate and the second substrate, a color filter including a black matrix and at least RGB three-color
pixel portions, a pixel electrode, and a common electrode,
wherein the liquid crystal composition layer includes a liquid crystal composition which contains at least one compound represented
by general formula (I),


(in the formula, R31 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group, or an alkenyl group or alkenyloxy group having 2 to
10 carbon atoms, M31 to M33 each independently represent a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group or a 1,4-phenylene group, one or two —CH2— in the trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group may be substituted by —O— so that oxygen atoms are not directly adjacent to each other,
one or two hydrogen atoms in the phenylene group may be substituted by fluorine atoms, X31 and X32 each independently represent a hydrogen atom or a fluorine atom, Z31 represents a fluorine atom, a trifluoromethoxy group, or a trifluoromethyl group, n31 and n32 each independently represent 0, 1, or 2, n31+n32 represents 0, 1, or 2, and when a plurality of each of M31 and M33 are present, each may be the same or different), and at least one compound selected from the group consisting of compounds
represented by general formula (II-a) to general formula (II-e),


(in the formulae, R21 to R30 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms or an alkenyl group having 2 to 10 carbon atoms, and
X21 represents a hydrogen atom or a fluorine atom), and

the RGB three-color pixel portions include, as colorants, a diketopyrrolopyrrole pigment and/or anionic red organic dye in
a R pixel portion, at least one selected from the group consisting of a halogenated copper phthalocyanine pigment, a phthalocyanine
green dye, and a mixture of a phthalocyanine blue dye and an azo yellow organic dye in a G pixel portion, and a s-type copper
phthalocyanine pigment and/or cationic blue organic dye in a B pixel portion.

US Pat. No. 9,200,202

NEMATIC LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE USING THE SAME

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal composition having a positive dielectric anisotropy comprising a dielectrically positive component (A)
and a dielectrically neutral component (B),
wherein the dielectrically positive component (A) comprises:
a dielectrically positive compound represented by Formula (1)

a dielectrically positive compound represented by Formula (6.1)
and
a compound represented by Formula (13.3)
and
wherein the dielectrically neutral component (B) has a dielectric anisotropy larger than ?2 and smaller than +2 and comprises:
a compound represented by Formula (2.1)
anda compound represented by Formula (5.4)

US Pat. No. 9,404,039

NEMATIC LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE USING THE SAME

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A composition comprising one or more compounds represented by general formula (i) and one or more compounds represented
by general formula (ii), wherein a content of the compounds represented by general formula (i) is 5% to 30% and a content
of the compounds represented by general formula (ii) is 5% to 25%, the composition further comprising a compound represented
by formula (2.2), a compound represented by formula (1.3), one or more compounds represented by general formula (VIII-1) but
not comprising a compound having a carbonyl group, and one or more compounds represented by general formula (XI)

(In the formulae (i) and (ii), Ri1, Ri2, and Rii1 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms where one —CH2— or two or more non-adjacent —CH2— in the alkyl group may each independently be substituted with —CH?CH—, —C?C—, or —O—, Xi1 to Xi6 each independently represent a hydrogen atom or a fluorine atom, and Xii1 represents a fluorine atom

in the formula (VIII-1), R8 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 5 carbon atoms, or an alkoxy group having
1 to 4 carbon atoms, and wherein

in the formula (XI), X111 to X117 each independently represent a fluorine atom or a hydrogen atom, at least one of X111 to X117 represents a fluorine atom, R11 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 5 carbon atoms, or an alkoxy group having
1 to 4 carbon atoms, and Y11 represents a fluorine atom or —OCF3.).

US Pat. No. 9,575,363

METHOD FOR IMPROVING OPTICAL RESPONSE AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE USING SAME

TOKYO UNIVERSITY OF SCIEN...

1. A method for improving optical response,
wherein, in a liquid crystal display device comprising:
a liquid crystal cell including:
a first substrate and a second substrate disposed opposite to each other,
a liquid crystal layer sandwiched between the first substrate and the second substrate,
an alignment layer that controls the alignment state of the liquid crystal layer between the first substrate and the second
substrate, and

an electrode that changes the alignment state of the liquid crystal layer using an electric field generated by application
of a driving voltage;

a first polarization plate and a second polarization plate which are disposed on a rear surface side and a front surface side
of the liquid crystal cell and in which orientations of individual transmission axes are set so that the amount of transmitted
light through the liquid crystal cell from the rear surface side to the front surface side is maximized or minimized when
the driving voltage is applied; and

an optical compensation plate which is disposed between the first polarization plate and the liquid crystal cell and/or between
the second polarization plate and the liquid crystal cell and optically compensates for light passing therebetween,

when a differential coefficient of the amount of transmitted light I1 with respect to a time t when the driving voltage is turned off from on in a case in which the optical compensation plate
is not disposed is represented by ?I1/?t, and a differential coefficient of the amount of transmitted light I2 with respect to the time t when the driving voltage is turned off from on in a case in which the optical compensation plate
is disposed is represented by ?I2/?t, in an area relative to a response time ?t during a fall time, a phase difference in the liquid crystal layer and a phase
difference in the optical compensation plate are optically designed so as to satisfy a relationship of Expression (1) shown
below:

|?I2/?t|>|?I1/?t|  (1)

thereby improving the optical response during a fall time from a voltage V1 to a voltage V2 which have a magnitude relationship of V1>V2.

US Pat. No. 9,181,443

RESIN FOR AQUEOUS PIGMENT DISPERSION, AQUEOUS PIGMENT DISPERSION, INK JET RECORDING INK, AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING AQUEOUS PIGMENT DISPERSION

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. An aqueous pigment dispersion for ink jet recording ink, comprising:
a resin produced by copolymerization of a composition that contains
(a) one or two or more compounds selected from the group consisting of alkenylsuccinic acids, alkenylsuccinic anhydrides,
alkylsuccinic acids, and alkylsuccinic anhydrides,

(b) a styrene monomer,
(c) a monomer having an ??-ethylenically unsaturated bond and an anionic group,
wherein the (a) component constitutes 5% by mass or more and the (b) component constitutes 30% by mass or more of the total
amount of all the monomer component(s) and the (a) component of the composition;

5 to 50% by mass of a pigment; and
a basic compound,
wherein the aqueous pigment dispersion has a resin/pigment mass ratio of 1/10 to 2/1,
wherein the aqueous pigment dispersion is prepared by a method comprising: kneading the resin with the pigment, which is then
diluted with an aqueous medium,

wherein a pigment particle of the pigment is covered with the resin in the aqueous pigment dispersion,
wherein the basic compound neutralizes the anionic group included in the resin.

US Pat. No. 9,688,817

METHOD FOR PRODUCING POLYARYLENE SULFIDE RESIN AND POLYARYLENE SULFIDE RESIN COMPOSITION

DIC CORPORATION (TOKYO), ...

1. A method for producing a polyarylene sulfide resin, the method comprising performing polymerization reaction of a mixture
containing a diiodo aromatic compound, elemental sulfur, and a polymerization inhibitor having a group represented by general
formula (1) below,

(in the formula, X represents a hydrogen atom or an alkali metal atom).

US Pat. No. 9,490,433

BENZOTHIENOBENZOTHIOPHENE DERIVATIVE, ORGANIC SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIAL, AND ORGANIC TRANSISTOR

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A benzothienobenzothiophene derivative represented by general formula (1),

In the formula, R1— is (I) below and R2— is (II) below:

(I) A group represented by general formula (2) or (3):
Ar1  (2)

R?Ar2—  (3)

 where Ar1 represents an aromatic hydrocarbon group or heteroaromatic group which may have a substituent, Ar2 represents an aromatic hydrocarbon group which may have a substituent or a heteroaromatic group which may have a substituent,
and R? represents a hydrogen atom, a trialkylsilyl group having an alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, an alkyl group
having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, or an aromatic hydrocarbon group or heteroaromatic group which may have a substituent;

(II) A group selected from
an alkyl group having 2 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkyl group having a halogen
atom and 2 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkoxyalkyl group having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkylsulfanylalkyl group having 3 to 20
carbon atoms, an alkylaminoalkyl group having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, an aromatic hydrocarbon group or heteroaromatic group,
and

an aromatic hydrocarbon group or heteroaromatic group having, as a substituent, an alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms,
an alkenyl group having 2 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkyl group having a halogen atom and 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkoxyalkyl
group having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkylsulfanylalkyl group having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, or an alkylaminoalkyl group having
3 to 20 carbon atoms.

US Pat. No. 9,150,744

AQUEOUS PIGMENT LIQUID DISPERSION AND INK-JET RECORDING INK, AND PRODUCTION METHOD OF AQUEOUS PIGMENT LIQUID DISPERSION

DIC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. An aqueous pigment liquid dispersion, comprising:
C. I. pigment green 36 (a); a styrene-acrylic acid based copolymer (b); a basic compound (c); and a wetting agent (d), wherein
the styrene-acrylic acid based copolymer (b) has an acid value of 120 to 240, a weight average molecular weight of 7,600-20,000,
and styrene-based monomer units of 60 mass % or more in the total of all the monomer units constituting the styrene-acrylic
acid based copolymer (b), and

the mass ratio (b)/(a), which is the mass of the styrene-acrylic acid based copolymer (b) divided by the mass of the C. I.
pigment green 36 (a), is within a range of 0.20-0.25; and

an iron content within the C. I. pigment green 36 (a) is 30 ppm or less,
a magnesium content within the C. I. pigment green 36 (a) is 50 ppm or less, and
a silicon content is 45 ppm or less.

US Pat. No. 9,056,990

PHOSPHORUS-ATOM-CONTAINING OLIGOMER COMPOSITION, CURABLE RESIN COMPOSITION, CURED PRODUCT THEREOF, AND PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD

DIC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A phosphorus-atom-containing oligomer composition comprising a mixture of a phosphorus-atom-containing compound represented
by structural formula (1) below with n representing 0 and a phosphorus-atom-containing oligomer represented by structural
formula (1) below with n representing 1 or more:
(where R1 to R5 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 4 carbon
atoms, or a phenyl group; X represents a hydrogen atom or a structural unit represented by structural formula (x1) below:
where, in structural formula (x1), R2 to R5 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 4 carbon
atoms, or a phenyl group; and n represents the number of repeating units and is an integer of 0 or more), wherein a content
of the phosphorus-atom-containing oligomer represented by general structural formula (1) with n representing 1 or more is
in the range of 5 to 90% on a peak area basis in GPC measurement.
US Pat. No. 9,822,241

MOLDED BODY AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING CELLULOSE-NANOFIBER-CONTAINING COMPOSITION

DIC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A method for producing a cellulose nanofiber-containing resin composition, comprising:
refining cellulose in the presence of a compound having a reactive double bond and a hydroxyl value of 200 KOHmg/g or more,
wherein the cellulose has a moisture content of 4 to 25 parts by mass with respect to 100 parts by mass of the amount of the
cellulose converted on the assumption that the percentage moisture of the cellulose is 0%.

US Pat. No. 9,550,723

RADICALLY CURABLE COMPOUND, METHOD FOR PRODUCING RADICALLY CURABLE COMPOUND, RADICALLY CURABLE COMPOSITION, CURED PRODUCT OF THE SAME, AND RESIST-MATERIAL COMPOSITION

DIC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A method for producing a radically curable compound, comprising causing polycondensation between an alkyl-substituted phenol
(a1) and an aromatic aldehyde (a2) having a hydroxy group on a benzene ring to prepare a polycondensate (A) represented by
a general formula (3) below

(where R1, R2, and R3 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms; m and n each independently represent an integer of
1 to 4; p represents an integer of 0 to 4; and s represents 1 or 2); and

subsequently causing a reaction between the polycondensate and a (meth)acrylic acid halide (B).

US Pat. No. 9,442,321

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal display apparatus comprising a first substrate, a second substrate, a liquid crystal composition layer
held between the first substrate and the second substrate, a color filter including a black matrix and at least RGB three-color
pixel portions, a pixel electrode, and a common electrode,
wherein the liquid crystal composition layer is composed of a liquid crystal composition including one or more compounds represented
by General Formula (LC1), the amount of the one or more compounds being more than 90% by mass of the total amount of liquid
crystal compounds having a dielectric anisotropy of 2 or more, the liquid crystal compounds constituting the liquid crystal
composition,


(where R1 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 15 carbon atoms; one or more CH2 groups of the alkyl group may be replaced by —O—, —CH?CH—, —CO—, —OCO—, —COO—, —C?C—, —CF2O—, or —OCF2— in such a manner that an oxygen atom is not directly adjacent to another oxygen atom; one or more hydrogen atoms of the
alkyl group may optionally be replaced by a halogen; A1 each independently represents any one of the following structures:


(in these structures, one or more CH2 groups of the cyclohexane ring may be replaced by an oxygen atom, one or more CH groups of the benzene ring may be replaced
by a nitrogen atom, and one or more hydrogen atoms may be replaced by Cl, F, CF3, or OCF3); X1 and X2 each independently represent H, Cl, F, CF3, or OCF3; Y represents Cl, F, CF3, or OCF3; Z1 represents a single bond, —CH?CH—, —C?C—, —CH2CH2—, —(CH2)4—, —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —OCF2—, or —CF2O—; and m1 is an integer of 1 to 3, and

wherein the RGB three-color pixel portions include, as a coloring material, a pigment having a water-soluble content of 0%
by mass or more and 1.5% by mass or less and/or a specific electrical conductivity of 10 ?S/cm or more and 150 ?S/cm or less.

US Pat. No. 9,701,857

ACTIVE ENERGY RAY-CURABLE COMPOSITION, AND INK COMPOSITION FOR INKJET RECORDING USE WHICH IS PREPARED USING SAID COMPOSITION

DIC CORPORATION (TOKYO), ...

1. An active energy ray-curable composition, comprising:
a polymerizable compound which is 2-(2-vinyloxyethoxy)ethyl (meth)acrylate;
a polymerizable compound which is 3-methyl-1,5-pentanediol di(meth)acrylate; and
a photopolymerization initiator which is 2,4,6-trimethyl benzoyl-diphenyl-phosphineoxide.

US Pat. No. 9,120,883

POLYMERIZABLE COMPOUND HAVING LATERAL SUBSTITUENT IN TERMINAL RING STRUCTURE

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A polymerizable compound represented by one selected from the group consisting of formulae (I-1) to (I-7), and (I-9) to
(I-15)

US Pat. No. 9,587,175

NEMATIC LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal composition having a positive dielectric anisotropy and containing one or more compounds selected from
compounds represented by general formula (LC0) and one or more compounds selected from a group of compounds represented by
general formula (LC1) to general formula (LC5):
wherein in the formulae, R01 represents an alkenyl group having 2 to 5 carbon atoms, R11, R21, R31 and R41 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 15 carbon atoms where one or more —CH2— in the alkyl group may each be substituted with —O—, —CH?CH—, —CO—, —OCO—, —COO—, —C?C—, —CF2O—, or —OCF2— so long as oxygen atoms are not directly adjacent to each other and one or more hydrogen atoms in the alkyl group may each
be substituted with a halogen, R51 and R52 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 15 carbon atoms where one or more —CH2— in the alkyl group may each be substituted with —O—, —CH?CH—, —CO—, —OCO—, —COO—, or —C?C— so long as oxygen atoms are not
directly adjacent to each other and may each represent —OCF3 or —CF3— when A51 or A53 below represents a cyclohexane ring, A01, A02, A03, A11, A21, A22, A23, A31, A32, A41, A42 each independently represent any one of the structures below:
wherein in the structures, one or more —CH2— in the cyclohexane ring may each be substituted with —O— so long as oxygen atoms are not directly adjacent to each other,
one or more —CH? in the benzene ring may each be substituted with —N? so long as nitrogen atoms are not directly adjacent
to each other, and X 61 and X62 each independently represent —H, —Cl, —F, —CF3, or —OCF3, A51 to A53 each independently represent any one of the structures below:
wherein in the formulae, one or more —CH2CH2— in the cyclohexane ring may each be substituted with —CH?CH—, —CF2O—, or —OCF2—, and one or more —CH? in the benzene ring may each be substituted with —N? so long as nitrogen atoms are not directly adjacent
to each other, X01 represents a hydrogen atom or a fluorine atom, X11, X12, X21, X22, X31, X32, X41, X42 and X43 each independently represent —H, —Cl, —F, —CF3, or —OCF3, Y01, Y11, Y21, Y31, and Y41, each represent —Cl, —F, —OCHF2, —CF3, or —OCF3, Z01 and Z02 each independently represent a single bond, —CH?CH —, —C?C—, —CH2CH2—, —(CH2)4—, —OCF2—, or —CF2O—, Z31, Z32, Z41, Z42, Z51 and Z52, each independently represent a single bond, —CH?CH—, —C?C—, —CH2CH2—, —(CH2)4—, —OCF2—, or —CF2O—, at least one of Z31 and Z32 that are present represents a group other than a single bond, Z51 and Z52 each independently represent a single bond, —CH?CH—, —C?C—, —CH2CH2—, —(CH2)4—, —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —OCF2— or —CF2O—, m01 and m02 represent an integer of 0 to 2, m 21, m31, m32, m41, m42 and m51 each independently represent an integer of 0 to 3, m01+m02 is 1, or 2, m31+m32 and m41+m42 are each independently 1, 2, 3, or 4, and when a plurality of A01, A03, A23, A31, A32, A41, A42, A52, Z01, Z02, Z31, Z32, Z41, Z42, and/or Z52 are present, they may be the same or different.

US Pat. No. 9,464,155

MOISTURE-CURABLE POLYURETHANE HOT-MELT RESIN COMPOSITION, ADHESIVE, AND ARTICLE

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A moisture-curable polyurethane hot-melt resin composition comprising:
an isocyanate-containing urethane prepolymer (i) being a reaction product of polyols (A) including a polyether polyol (A-1),
a crystalline polyester polyol (A-2), an amorphous polyester polyol (A-3), and an acrylic polyol (A-4) with a polyisocyanate
(B); and

a curing catalyst (ii) represented by general formula (1):

wherein:
R1 and R2 are independently at each occurrence hydrogen or alkyl, and n is independently at each occurrence an integer of 1 to 6;

the amorphous polyester polyol (A-3) is a reaction product of an alkylene oxide adduct of bisphenol A with a polybasic acid;
and

the amorphous polyester polyol (A-3) has a glass transition temperature of ?70° C. to ?10° C.

US Pat. No. 9,079,836

COMPOUND HAVING 2-FLUOROPHENYLOXYMETHANE STRUCTURE, A METHOD FOR PREPARING THE SAME, A LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION AND A LIQUID CRYSTAL DEVICE

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A method for producing a compound represented by Formula (1), the method comprising:
allowing a compound represented by Formula (2) to react with a compound represented by Formula (3) to derive a compound represented
by Formula (4)


(where R1 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 15 carbon atoms or an alkenyl group having 2 to 15 carbon atoms in which one —CH2— moiety or at least two —CH2— moieties not adjoining each other are each independently optionally substituted with —O—, —S—, —COO—, —OCO—, or —CO—,

A1 is a group selected from the group consisting of

(a) a 1,4-cyclohexylene group (where one —CH2— moiety or at least two —CH2— moieties not adjoining each other are each independently optionally substituted with O— or —S—) and

(b) a 1,4-phenylene group (where one —CH? moiety or at least two —CH? moieties not adjoining each other are optionally substituted
with —N?, and a hydrogen atom is optionally substituted with a fluorine atom),

Z1 represents —CH2O—, —OCH2—, —CF2O—, —OCF2—, —CH2CH2—, —CF2CF2—, —CH?CH—, —CF?CF—, —C?C—, or a single bond,

Y4 represents a hydrogen atom, a fluorine atom, or a chlorine atom, and

m represents 0 or 1)
X1—CH2-(A2-Z2)n-A3-X2  (3)

(where A2 represents the same as A1 in Formula (2),

A3 represents a 1,4-phenylene group (where a hydrogen atom is optionally substituted with a fluorine atom),

X1 represents a hydroxyl group, a chlorine atom, a bromine atom, an iodine atom, a tosyloxy group, a mesyloxy group, or a trifluoromethanesulfonyloxy
group,

X2 represents a chlorine atom, a bromine atom, or an iodine atom or is optionally a hydrogen atom in the case where A3 is a group selected from (A-1) or (A-2)


Z2 represents the same as Z1 in Formula (2), and

n represents 0 or 1)

(where R1, A1, A2, A3, Z1, Z2, m, n, Y4, and X2 each independently represent the same as R1, A1, A2, A3, Z1, Z2, m, n, Y4, and X2 in Formula (2) or Formula (3));

allowing the compound represented by Formula (4) to react with metal or organic metal and optionally further substituting
a metal of a prepared organometallic compound with another atom to prepare a compound represented by Formula (5)


(where R1, A1, A2, A3, Z1, Z2, m, n, and Y4 each independently represent the same as R1, A1, A2, A3, Z1, Z2, m, n, and Y4 in Formula (4), and

X3 represents MgX4, Li, Na, ZnX4, or CuX4 (where X4 represents a chlorine atom, a bromine atom, or an iodine atom) or represents a substituent represented by Formula (B-1) or
(B-2)


(where R2 and R3 each independently represent a linear or branched alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms,

E represents —(CH2)p— in which one or more hydrogen atoms are each independently optionally substituted with a methyl group, and

p represents 2, 3, or 4)); and
allowing the compound represented by Formula (5) to react with a compound represented by Formula (6)

(where Y1, Y2, and Y3 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, a fluorine atom, or a chlorine atom, and

X5 represents a trifluoromethanesulfonyloxy group, a chlorine atom, a bromine atom, or an iodine atom) in the presence of a transition
metal catalyst


(where R1, A1, A2, A3, Z1, Z2, m, n, Y1, Y2, Y3, and Y4 each independently represent the same as R1, A1, A2, A3, Z1, Z2, m, n, Y1, Y2, Y3, and Y4 in Formula (5) or (6)), wherein

in the case where X1 is a hydroxyl group, the reaction of the compound represented by Formula (2) with the compound represented by Formula (3)
is condensation in the presence of a dehydrating condensation agent, and

in the case where X1 is a chlorine atom, a bromine atom, an iodine atom, a tosyloxy group, a mesyloxy group, or a trifluoromethanesulfonyloxy group,
the reaction is an etherification reaction in the presence of a base.

US Pat. No. 9,080,101

POLYMERIZABLE COMPOUND-CONTAINING LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE USING THE SAME

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A polymerizable compound-containing liquid crystal composition comprising, as a first component, at least one polymerizable
compound represented by general formula (I-1),

in the general formula (I-1), R1 and R2 each independently represent any of formulae (R-1) to (R-15) below,


and, as a second component, at least one compound represented by general formula (II-A) and at least one compound represented
general formula (II-B),


in the general formulae (II-A) and (II-B) R5, R6, R7 and R8, respectively, represents an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms or an alkenyl group having 2 to 10 carbon atoms, wherein
at least one hydrogen atom present in the group may be substituted by a fluorine atom.

US Pat. No. 10,093,835

DOUBLE-SIDED ADHESIVE TAPE

DIC CORPORATION (TOKYO), ...

1. A double-sided adhesive tape comprising: a polyolefin foam base; a resin film disposed on a surface of the polyolefin foam base; an adhesive layer disposed on a surface of the resin film; an adhesive layer disposed on another surface of the polyolefin foam base; and a bonding-agent layer interposed between the polyolefin foam base and the resin film and dry-laminated so as to bond the foam base and the resin film to each other by a dry lamination method,the polyolefin foam base having a thickness of 250 ?m or less, a density of 0.45 g/cm3 or less and a maximum strength of 10 N/cm or more, the adhesive layer having a 180° -peel adhesion of 10 N/20 mm or more, the 180° -peel adhesion of the adhesive layer being measured at a peeling speed of 300 mm/min when an adhesive tape including a 25-?m-thick polyethylene terephthalate base and a 25-?m-thick adhesive layer disposed on the polyethylene terephthalate base is bonded to an aluminium board under conditions of a temperature of 23° C. and a relative humidity of 65% RH by pressing the adhesive tape against the aluminium board with one stroke of a 2-kg roller, the adhesive tape is left standing for 1 hour under conditions of a temperature of 23° C. and a relative humidity of 50% RH, and subsequently the adhesive tape is left standing for 1 hour under conditions of a temperature of 23° C. and a relative humidity of 50% RH, wherein
the maximum strength is measured by pulling the polyolefin foam base having a width of 1 cm at a tensile speed of 15 m/min to tear the foam base in a thickness direction of the polyolefin foam base such that the maximum strength occurs when the foam base is torn.

US Pat. No. 9,441,069

EPOXY RESIN, METHOD FOR PRODUCING EPOXY RESIN, EPOXY RESIN COMPOSITION, CURED PRODUCT THEREOF, AND HEAT-DISSIPATING RESIN MATERIAL

DIC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. An epoxy resin represented by general formula (I) below,

wherein, Q each independently represent a linear alkylene chain having 1 to 9 carbon atoms, a branched alkylene chain having
a structure in which an alkyl group having 1 to 18 carbon atoms is bonded to a carbon atom of the linear alkylene chain, or
a linkage chain having an ether bond present between two continuous methylene groups in the alkylene chain; A each independently
represent a phenylene unit represented by general formula (i) below


wherein, Y each independently represent a halogen atom, a hydrocarbon group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkoxyl group
having 1 to 8 carbon atoms; X represents a single bond, a —O— group, a —CH?CH— group, a —CH?C(CH3)— group, a —CH?C(CN)— group, a —C?C— group, a —CH?N— group, a —CH?CH—CO— group, a —N?N— group, a —COO— group, a —CONH— group,
or a —CO— group; 1 each independently represent an integer of 0 to 4; and m represents an integer of 1 to 3; and n, represents
an integer of 0 to 10.

US Pat. No. 9,683,170

LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE USING THE SAME

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal composition having a negative dielectric anisotropy, the liquid crystal composition comprising:
a compound represented by Formula (I-1);
at least one compound represented by General Formula (II);
a compound represented by Formula (IVb-1);
a compound represented by Formula (IIIb-1), and
a compound represented by Formula (V-5-1),
wherein in the General Formula (II), R1 represents an alkyl group having 2 to 5 carbon atoms or an alkoxy group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms.

US Pat. No. 9,125,309

EPOXY RESIN, CURABLE RESIN COMPOSITION AND CURED PRODUCT THEREOF, AND PRINTED WIRING BOARD

DIC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. An epoxy resin that is a polyglycidyl ether of a polycondensate of an ?-naphthol compound, a ?-naphthol compound, and formaldehyde,
the epoxy resin comprising:
a trimer (x1) represented by a structural formula (1) below
in the formula, R1 and R2 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, or an alkoxy group having 1 to 4
carbon atoms; and G represents a glycidyl group; and
a dimer (x2) represented by a structural formula (2) below
in the formula, R1 and R2 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, or an alkoxy group having 1 to 4
carbon atoms; and G represents a glycidyl group, wherein a content of the trimer (x1) is 15% to 35% in terms of area percentage
in GPC measurement, and a content of the dimer (x2) is 1% to 25% in terms of area percentage in GPC measurement,further comprising a calixarene compound (x3) represented by a structural formula (3) below
in the formula, R1 and R2 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, or an alkoxy group having 1 to 4
carbon atoms; G represents a glycidyl group; and n represents a number of the repeating unit and an integer of 2 to 10, wherein
a content of the calixarene compound (x3) in the epoxy resin is 1% to 40% in terms of area percentage in GPC measurement.
US Pat. No. 9,074,077

MODIFIED CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS, PRODUCTION METHOD THEREOF, AND RESIN COMPOSITION USING SAME

DIC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. Modified cellulose nanofibers obtained by neutralizing cationic groups of cationic cellulose nanofibers having a degree
of cationization of 0.01 to 0.5 with an anionic additive, wherein the ratio of the cationic cellulose nanofibers to the anionic
additive is from 0.5 to 100.
US Pat. No. 10,113,080

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING AQUEOUS BLACK PIGMENT DISPERSION

DIC CORPORATION (TOKYO), ...

1. A method for manufacturing an aqueous black pigment dispersion, comprising the steps of subjecting a mixture containing carbon black and an aqueous medium to media-less dispersion and adding a resin having anionic groups and a basic compound after the dispersion,wherein the carbon black has a carboxylic acid group on the surface such that the value produced by dividing the amount of carboxylic acid group present on the surface by BET value is 0.8 to 5.5 (?mol/m2), and
the resin having anionic groups is an urethane resin that satisfies (weight average molecular weight/acid value)<1,400 or a styrene acrylic resin that satisfies (weight average molecular weight/acid value)<120.

US Pat. No. 10,108,052

LIQUID-CRYSTAL DISPLAY ELEMENT

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A FFS mode liquid-crystal display device, comprising:a first substrate and a second substrate disposed to face each other;
a liquid-crystal layer containing a liquid-crystal composition with which a gap between the first substrate and the second substrate is filled;
an electrode layer including a common electrode including a transparent conductive material, a plurality of gate bus lines and data bus lines disposed in a matrix shape, a thin film transistor provided at the intersection at which the gate bus lines and the data bus lines intersect each other, and a pixel electrode including a transparent conductive material and forming a fringe electric field between the common electrode and the pixel electrode by being driven by the thin film transistor, for each pixel on the first substrate; and
photo-alignment film layers inducing homogeneous alignment which are formed between the liquid-crystal layer and the first substrate and between the liquid-crystal layer and the second substrate, respectively,
wherein a distance R between the pixel electrode and the common electrode is smaller than a distance G between the first substrate and the second substrate, and
the liquid-crystal composition has a negative dielectric anisotropy, a nematic phase-isotropic liquid transition temperature of equal to or higher than 60° C., and an absolute value of dielectric anisotropy of equal to or greater than 2, and contains at least two compounds represented by the following General Formula (I):

wherein each of R1 and R2 independently represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, A represents a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group, k represents 1, and
at least one compound represented by General Formula (II)

wherein R3 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, R4 represents an an alkoxy group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, B represents a 1,4-phenylene group, m represents 1.

US Pat. No. 10,072,124

POLYARYLENE SULFIDE RESIN, MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREFOR, AND MOLDING

DIC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A polyarylene sulfide resin obtained by a method comprising reacting a poly(arylenesulfonium salt) having a constitutional unit represented by the following formula (1) with an aliphatic amide compound, wherein the polyarylene sulfide resin has a constitutional unit represented by the following formula (2):
wherein
R1 represents a direct bond, -Ar2-, -Ar2-S— or -Ar2-O—;
Ar1 and Ar2 each represent an arylene group optionally having a functional group as a substituent;
R2 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms or an aryl group optionally having an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms; and
X? represents an anion,

wherein
R1 represents a direct bond, -Ar2-, -Ar2-S— or -Ar2-O—; and
Ar1 and Ar2 each represent an arylene group optionally having a functional group as a substituent,
wherein the polyarylene sulfide resin further comprises the aliphatic amide compound in an amount of 1000 ppm or less based on the total mass of the polyarylene sulfide resin and the aliphatic amide compound, and
wherein the poly(arylenesulfonium salt) is obtained by polymerizing an aromatic sulfoxide represented by the following formula (20):

in the presence of an acid,
wherein
Ar1represents an arylene group optionally having a functional group as a substituent;
R2 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms or an arly group optionally having an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms;
R3 represents a hydrogen atom, Ar3-, Ar3-S— or Ar3-O—; and
Ar3represents an aryl group optionally having a functional group as a substituent.
US Pat. No. 9,150,680

RADICALLY POLYMERIZABLE COMPOSITION, CURED PRODUCT THEREOF, AND PLASTIC LENS

DIC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A radically polymerizable composition comprising, as essential components, phenylbenzyl (meth)acrylate (A) and a biphenyl
compound (C) having a molecular structure constituted by biphenyl structures bonded to each other through a methylene, the
phenylbenzyl (meth)acrylate (A) including ortho-phenylbenzyl (meth)acrylate and para-phenylbenzyl (meth)acrylate in a molar
ratio of 55/45 to 10/90.

US Pat. No. 10,031,384

LIQUID-CRYSTAL DISPLAY ELEMENT

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal display element comprising:a first transparent insulating substrate and a second transparent insulating substrate, which are disposed so as to face each other;
a liquid crystal layer containing a liquid crystal composition, which is interposed between the first substrate and the second substrate;
for each pixel on the first substrate, a first electrode containing a transparent conductive material and a plurality of gate bus lines and data bus lines being disposed in a mesh shape, a thin film transistor provided at an intersection between the gate bus lines and data bus lines, and a second electrode containing a transparent conductive material which is driven by the thin film transistor; and
alignment film layers which induce homogeneous alignment between the liquid crystal layer and each of the first and second substrates and whose alignment directions of each alignment film are parallel to each other,
wherein a distance R between the first electrode and the second electrode is smaller than a distance G between the first substrate and the second substrate so that the first electrode and the second electrode form fringe electric fields therebetween, and
the second electrode is disposed closer to the first substrate than the first electrode,
wherein the crystal composition comprises at least one compound represented by the following General Formula (IV):

wherein R7 and R8 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, one or more hydrogen atoms in the alkyl group, the alkenyl group, the alkoxy group, or the alkenyloxy group may be substituted with a fluorine atom, a methylene group in the alkyl group, the alkenyl group, the alkoxy group, or the alkenyloxy group may be substituted with an oxygen atom as long as the oxygen atoms are not bonded consecutively, and may be substituted with a carbonyl group as long as the carbonyl groups are not bonded consecutively,
A1 and A2 each independently represent a 1,4-cyclohexylene group, a 1,4-phenylene group or a tetrahydropyran-2,5-diyl group; provided that, in a case where A1 or/and A2 represent a 1,4-phenylene group, one or more hydrogen atoms in the 1,4-phenylene group may be substituted with a fluorine atom,
Z1 and Z2 each independently represent a single bond, —OCH2—, —OCF2—, —CH2O—, or CF2O—,
n1 and n2 each independently represent 0, 1, 2, or 3, provided that n1+n2 is 1 to 3, and
in a case where a plurality of A1, A2, Z1 and/or Z2 are present, plural A1s, A2s, Z1s, and/or Z2s each may be the same as or different from each other,
with the proviso that a compound in which n1 is 1 or 2, n2 is 0, at least one of A1's is a 1,4-cyclohexylene group, and all of Z1's are single bonds is excluded.

US Pat. No. 9,809,747

LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY ELEMENT USING THE SAME

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal composition with a negative dielectric anisotropy, comprising:
a compound represented by Formula (I) in a range of 10% by mass to 40% by mass; and

a compound represented by General Formula (VII-a2) in a range of 5% by mass to 40% by mass;

a compound represented by General Formula (II) of equal to or more than 15% by mass,
wherein each of R1 and R2 independently represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy
group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms; one or more hydrogen atoms of the alkyl
group, the alkenyl group, the alkoxy group or the alkenyloxy group may be substituted with fluorine atoms, and the methylene
groups of the alkyl group, the alkenyl group, the alkoxy group or the alkenyloxy group may be substituted with oxygen atoms
unless the oxygen atoms are continuously bonded, or may be substituted with carbonyl groups unless the carbonyl groups are
continuously bonded; and
wherein the liquid crystal composition comprises a compound represented by General Formula (III):
wherein each of R3 and R4 independently represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy
group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms; one or more hydrogen atoms of the alkyl
group, the alkenyl group, the alkoxy group or the alkenyloxy group may be substituted with fluorine atoms, and the methylene
groups of the alkyl group, the alkenyl group, the alkoxy group or the alkenyloxy group may be substituted with oxygen atoms
unless the oxygen atoms are continuously bonded, or may be substituted with carbonyl groups unless the carbonyl groups are
continuously bonded.

US Pat. No. 9,404,037

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE AND USEFUL LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising:
a first substrate;
a second substrate; and
a liquid crystal composition layer having positive dielectric anisotropy that is interposed between the first substrate and
the second substrate, the liquid crystal display device having a plurality of pixels, with each of the pixels being independently
controllable and comprising a pair of a pixel electrode and a common electrode, wherein the pair of a pixel electrode and
the common electrode are provided on the first substrate, or the second substrate or both the first substrate and the second
substrate, the long axis of liquid crystal molecules of the liquid crystal composition layer is aligned substantially perpendicularly
to the substrate surface or is in a hybrid alignment,

wherein a liquid crystal composition of the liquid crystal composition layer comprises one or more compounds selected from
the group consisting of compounds represented by General Formula (LC1) to General Formula (LC5):

wherein R1 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 15 carbon atoms; one or more CH2 groups in the alkyl group may be substituted by —O—, —CH?CH—, —CO—, —OCO—, —COO—, —C?C—, —CF2O— or —OCF2— such that O atoms are not directly adjacent to each other; one or two or more H atoms in the alkyl group may be optionally
substituted by halogen; A1, A2 and A3 each independently represent any one of the following structures:
wherein X1 and X2 each independently represent H, Cl, F, CF3 or OCF3; one or more CH2 groups in A1 and A2 may be substituted by —CH?CH—, —CF2O— or —OCF2—; one or more CH groups in A1 and A2 may be substituted by N atoms; one or more H atoms in A1 and A2 may be substituted by Cl, F, CF3 or OCF3; X1 to X5 each independently represent H, Cl, F, CF3 or OCF3; Y represents Cl, F, CF3 or OCF3; Z1 to Z4 each independently represent a single bond, —CH?CH—, —C?C—, —CH2CH2—, —(CH2)4—, —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —OCF2— or —CF2O—; at least one of Z1 and Z2 that exist is not a single bond; Z5 represents a CH2 group or an O atom; m1 and m2 each independently represent an integer from 0 to 3; m1+m2 represents 1, 2 or 3; and m3 each independently represent an integer from 0 to 2; and
the transmittance of light that has penetrated through the liquid crystal composition layer is modulated at the electric field
generated by the electrode structure described above

wherein the liquid crystal composition does not include a compound having a cyano group.

US Pat. No. 9,260,661

NEMATIC LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY ELEMENT INCLUDING THE SAME

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal composition comprising:
as a first component, a compound represented by Formula (Ib) and a compound represented by Formula (Ic), the content of the
compound represented by Formula (Ib) being 10% to 30% by mass, the total content of the first component being 15% to 45% by
mass,

and,
as a second component, a compound having a negative dielectric anisotropy (??), the absolute value of the dielectric anisotropy
being more than 3.

US Pat. No. 9,045,658

CURING ACCELERATOR FOR OXIDATIVE POLYMERIZATION TYPE UNSATURATED RESINS, PRINTING INK AND COATING MATERIAL

DIC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A curing accelerator for an oxidatively polymerized unsaturated resin, the curing accelerator comprising a fatty acid manganese
salt (A), an aminoalcohol (B) represented by general formula (1) below,
(in the formula, R1 and R2 each independently represent a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, X1 and X2 each independently represent an alkylene group having 2 to 6 carbon atoms, and Y represents —NR3— (wherein R3 represents a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms) or an oxygen atom), and at least one fatty acid metal
salt (C) selected from the group consisting of a fatty acid bismuth salt, a fatty acid zirconium salt, a fatty acid barium
salt, and a fatty acid iron salt.

US Pat. No. 10,133,109

LCD DEVICE

DIC CORPORATION (TOKYO), ...

1. An LCD device, comprising:a liquid crystal composition sandwiched between two transparent substrates, at least one of which has an electrode attached thereto,
wherein the liquid crystal composition contains a polymer or a copolymer in an amount of 1% by mass or greater and less than 40% by mass with respect to the total mass of the liquid crystal composition and the polymer or the copolymer,
wherein the liquid crystal composition is represented by the following Formula (LC):

wherein RLC represents an alkyl group having 1 to 15 carbon atoms, one or two or more CH2 groups in the alkyl group may be substituted with —O—, —CH?CH—, —CO—, —OCO—, —COO—, or —C?C— as long as an oxygen atom is not directly adjacent to another oxygen atom, and one or two or more hydrogen atoms in the alkyl group may be arbitrarily substituted with a halogen atom;
ALC1 and ALC2 each independently represent a group selected from the group consisting of the following groups (a), (b), and (c),
(a) a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group, provided that one CH2 group or two or more non-adjacent CH2 groups present in this group may be substituted with an oxygen atom or a sulfur atom,
(b) a 1,4-phenylene group, provided that one CH group or two or more non-adjacent CH groups present in this group may be substituted with a nitrogen atom,
(c) a 1,4-bicyclo(2.2.2)octylene group, a naphthalene-2,6-diyl group, a decahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl group, a 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl group, or a chroman-2,6-diyl group, and
one or two or more hydrogen atoms included in the group (a), (b), or (c) each may be substituted with a fluorine atom, a chlorine atom, —CF3, or —OCF3;
ZLC represents a single bond, —CH?CH—, —CF?CF—, —C?C—, —CH2CH2—, —(CH2)4—, —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —OCF2—, —CF2O—, —COO—, or —OCO—;
YLC represents a hydrogen atom, a fluorine atom, a chlorine atom, a cyano group, or an alkyl group having 1 to 15 carbon atoms, and one or two or more CH2 groups in the alkyl group may be substituted with —O—, —CH?CH—, —CO—, —OCO—, —COO—, —C?C—, —CF2O—, or —OCF2— as long as an oxygen atom is not directly adjacent to another oxygen atom, and one or two or more hydrogen atoms in the alkyl group may be arbitrarily substituted by a halogen atom; and
a represents an integer of 1 to 4, and when a represents 2, 3, or 4 and a plurality of ALC1's and a plurality of ZLC's are present in Formula (LC), the plurality of ALC1's may be the same as or different from each other and the plurality of ZLC's may be the same as or different from each other,
wherein the liquid crystal composition contains a polymer or a copolymer in an amount of 1% by mass or greater and less than 40% by mass with respect to the total mass of the liquid crystal composition and the polymer or the copolymer, and
wherein the polymer or the copolymer is obtained by polymerizing at least one polymerizable compound which is selected from the group consisting of the following compounds (A)-(C):
(A) a compound represented by each of the following Formulas (V) and (VI):

wherein X1 and X2 each independently represent a hydrogen atom or a methyl group, Sp1 and Sp2 each independently represent a single bond, an alkylene group having 1 to 12 carbon atoms, or —O—(CH2)s— where s represents an integer of 1 to 11 and the oxygen atom is bonded to an aromatic ring, U represents a linear or branched polyvalent alkylene group having 2 to 20 carbon atoms or a polyvalent cyclic substituent having 5 to 30 carbon atoms, the alkylene group in the polyvalent alkylene group may be substituted with an oxygen atom as long as an oxygen atom is not adjacent to another oxygen atom, may be substituted with an alkyl group having 5 to 20 carbon atoms and the alkylene group in the alkyl group may be substituted with an oxygen atom as long as an oxygen atom is not adjacent to another oxygen atom, or may be substituted with a cyclic substituent, k represents an integer of 1 to 5, and an arbitrary hydrogen atom in all 1,4-phenylene groups in the formula may be substituted with —CH3, —OCH3, a fluorine atom, or a cyano group;

wherein X3 represents a hydrogen atom or a methyl group, Sp3 represents a single bond, an alkylene group having 1 to 12 carbon atoms, or —O—(CH2)t— where t represents an integer of 2 to 11, and the oxygen atom is bonded to an aromatic ring, V represents a linear or branched polyvalent alkylene group having 2 to 20 carbon atoms or a polyvalent cyclic substituent having 5 to 30 carbon atoms, the alkylene group in the polyvalent alkylene group may be substituted with an oxygen atom as long as an oxygen atom is not adjacent to another oxygen atom, may be substituted with an alkyl group having 5 to 20 carbon atoms and the alkylene group in the alkyl group may be substituted with an oxygen atom as long as an oxygen atom is not adjacent to another oxygen atom, or may be substituted with a cyclic substituent, W represents a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, or an alkyl group having 1 to 15 carbon atoms, and an arbitrary hydrogen atom in all 1,4-phenylene groups in the formula may be substituted with —CH3, —OCH3, a fluorine atom, or a cyano group;
(B) a compounds represented by the following Formula (X1b):

wherein A8 represents a hydrogen atom or a methyl group, six-membered rings T1, T2, and T3 each independently represent any one of the following formulas in which q represents an integer of 1 to 4,

q represents 0 or 1,
Y1 and Y2 each independently represent a single bond, —CH2CH2—, —CH2O—, —OCH2—, —COO—, —OCO—, —C?C—, —CH?CH—, —CF?CF—, —(CH2)4—, —CH2CH2CH2O—, —OCH2CH2CH2—, —CH?CHCH2CH2—, or —CH2CH2CH?CH—,
Y3 and Y4 each independently represent a single bond or an alkylene group having 1 to 12 carbon atoms, provided that one or two or more methylene groups in the alkylene group each may be independently substituted with an oxygen atom, —CO—, —COO—, or —OCO— as long as an oxygen atom is not directly bonded to another oxygen atom and one or two or more hydrogen atoms in the alkylene group each may be independently substituted with a fluorine atom, a methyl group, or an ethyl group, and
B8 represents a hydrogen atom, a cyano group, a halogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkylene group in which the terminal has an acryloyl group or a methacryloyl group; and
(C) a compound represented by the following Formula (Vb):

wherein X1 and X2 each independently represent a hydrogen atom or a methyl group, Sp1 and Sp2 each independently represent a single bond, an alkylene group having 1 to 12 carbon atoms, or —O—(CH2)s— where s represents an integer of 1 to 11 and the oxygen atom is bonded to an aromatic ring, Z1 represents —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —COO—, —OCO—, —CF2O—, —OCF2—, —CH2CH2—, —CF2CF2—, —CH?CH—COO—, —CH?CH—OCO—, —COO—CH?CH—, —OCO—CH?CH—, —COO—CH2CH2—, —OCO—CH2CH2—, —CH2CH2—COO—, —CH2CH2—OCO—, —COO—CH2—, —OCO—CH2—, —CH2—COO—, —CH2—OCO—, —CY1?CY2— where Y1 and Y2 each independently represent a hydrogen atom or a fluorine atom, —C?C—, or a single bond, C represents a 1,4-phenylene group, a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group, or a single bond, and an arbitrary hydrogen atom in all 1,4-phenylene groups in the formula may be substituted with a fluorine atom.

US Pat. No. 10,056,557

ORGANIC SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIAL

Tokyo Institute of Techno...

2. An organic semiconductor material, comprising at leasta charge transporting molecular unit A:

 and
a cyclic structure unit B selected from group consisting of

wherein in the above Formulae the mark * represents a binding position with respect to a unit B or a unit C, and the mark ** represents a binding position with respect to a unit A or a unit C,
the organic semiconductor material having a unit C as a side chain in at least one of the unit A and the unit B, wherein the unit C is a hydrocarbon group having a carbon number of 2 to 20,
wherein the organic semiconductor material exhibits a liquid crystal phase selected from SmB, SmBcryst, SmI, SmF, SmG, SmE, SmJ, SmK and SmH, and
wherein the organic semiconductor material has a mobility of 0.1 cm2/Vs or more, in terms of electron mobility, hole mobility and mobility obtained from field-effect transistor property.

US Pat. No. 9,809,668

POLYMERIZABLE COMPOUND, COMPOSITION, POLYMER, OPTICALLY ANISOTROPIC BODY, LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE, AND ORGANIC EL DEVICE

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A polymerizable compound represented by general formula (1):

[in the formula, P represents a polymerizable functional group and Sp represents a spacer group or a single bond,
A1, A2, A3, and A4 each independently represent a divalent alicyclic hydrocarbon group or aromatic hydrocarbon group,

X1, X2, X3, and X4 each independently represent a divalent linking group or a single bond (at least one of X1, X2, X3, and X4 represents one of linking groups selected from —CH2CH2COO—, —CH2CH2OCO—, —COOCH2CH2—, —OCOCH2CH2—, —CH?CH—, —CH?CHCOO—, —OCOCH?CH—, —N?N—, —N?C—, and —C?N—N?C—), wherein a combination of X2 and X3 (hereafter expressed as “X2/X3”) in the general formula (1) is as follows:

“—COO—(CH2)u—/—CH2CH2—COO—”, “—COO—(CH2)u—/—COO—CH2CH2—”,

“—COO—(CH2)u—/—OCO—CH2CH2—”, “—COO—(CH2)u—/—CH2CH2—OCO—”,

“—OCO—(CH2)u—/—CH2CH2—COO—”, “—OCO—(CH2)u—/—COO—CH2CH2—”,

“—OCO—(CH2)u—/—OCO—CH2CH2—”, “—OCO—(CH2)u—/—CH2CH2—OCO—”,

“—OCO—CH2CH2—/—COO—(CH2)u—”, “—CH2CH2—OCO—/—COO—(CH2)u—”,

“—CH2CH2—COO—/—(CH2)u—”, “—COO—CH2CH2—/—COO—(CH2)u—”,

“—OCO—CH2CH2—/—OCO—(CH2)u—”, “—CH2CH2—OCO—/—OCO—(CH2)u—”,

“—CH2CH2—COO—/—OCO(CH2)u—”, “—COO—CH2CH2—/—OCO—(CH2)u—”,

(u represents an integer of 0 to 2)
“single bond/—CH2CH2—COO—”, “single bond/—COO—CH2CH2—”,

“single bond/—OCO—CH2CH2—”, “single bond/—CH2CH2—OCO—”,

“—OCO—CH2CH2—/single bond”, “—CH2CH2—OCO—/single bond”,

“—CH2CH2—COO—/single bond”, or “—COO—CH2CH2—/single bond,”

R1 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 12 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 12 carbon atoms, or “*-Sp-P” (* represents
a bond with A4 or A3),

R3 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, an alicyclic hydrocarbon group, or an aromatic hydrocarbon group, wherein
a hydrogen atom in the alicyclic hydrocarbon group or the aromatic hydrocarbon group may be substituted with an alkyl group
having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, a halogen atom, a cyano group, a nitro group, a —C?C—CH3 group, or a hydroxy group,

m and n each independently represent an integer of 0 to 4 (m+n is an integer of 2 or more),
T1 represents —S—, —O—, —CH2—, —NH—, —C(?O)—, —S(?O)—, or —C(?S)—,

T2 represents ?CR2— or ?N—, and

R2 represents a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 6 carbon
atoms, a cyano group, a nitro group, or a hydroxy group].

US Pat. No. 9,809,752

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising:
a first substrate; a second substrate; a liquid crystal layer between the first substrate and the second substrate; a color
filter; a pixel electrode; and a common electrode; the color filter including a black matrix and at least RGB three-color
pixel units,

wherein the liquid crystal layer is formed of a material containing chiral liquid crystals, the material containing chiral
liquid crystals containing a nematic liquid crystal composition and at least one chiral compound, the nematic liquid crystal
composition containing at least two achiral liquid crystal compounds, and

the RGB three-color pixel units contain a halogenated metal phthalocyanine pigment as a coloring material in the G pixel unit,
the halogenated metal phthalocyanine pigment containing a metal selected from the group consisting of Al, Si, Sc, Ti, V, Mg,
Fe, Co, Ni, Zn, Ga, Ge, Y, Zr, Nb, In, Sn, and Pb as a central metal, wherein in the case where the central metal is trivalent,
the central metal is bonded to or oxo- or thio-cross-linked to one halogen atom, hydroxy group, or sulfonate group, and in
the case where the central metal is a tetravalent metal, the central metal is bonded to one oxygen atom, two same or different
halogen atoms, a hydroxy group, or a sulfonate group,

wherein the nematic liquid crystal composition has a nematic liquid crystal phase at least in a temperature range of ?10°
C. to 50° C.

US Pat. No. 9,457,558

GRAVURE OFFSET PRINTING METHOD, GRAVURE OFFSET PRINTING DEVICE, AND GRAVURE PLATE

DIC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A gravure offset printing method for printing a fine wiring pattern on a material to be printed, the method comprising:
a filling step of filling a groove defined on a gravure plate such that the groove corresponds to the fine wiring pattern
with a printing paste;

after the filling step, an offset step of bringing a blanket into contact with the gravure plate to offset the printing paste
from the groove to the blanket; and

after the offset step, a transfer step of bringing the blanket into contact with the material to be printed to transfer the
printing paste from the blanket to the material to be printed, wherein

the groove comprises a region having a width of 100 to 700 ?m in a direction perpendicular to a print direction,
the region has in the print direction a leading end tapered forward in the print direction, and
the region has in the print direction a trailing end split into a pair of branches by a notch tapered forward in the print
direction, each branch being tapered backward in the print direction,

wherein the relational expression a <0.23w+13.6 is satisfied, where a (°) is the angle between two sides defining the shape
of the leading end, and w (?m) is the width of the region, and

the relational expression b <90 is satisfied, where b (°) is the angle between two sides defining the shape of the notch.

US Pat. No. 9,410,084

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising: a first substrate; a second substrate; a liquid crystal composition layer sandwiched
between the first substrate and the second substrate;
a color filter including a black matrix and at least RGB three-color pixel portions; a pixel electrode; and a common electrode,
wherein the liquid crystal composition layer contains a liquid crystal composition that contains at least one compound represented
by a general formula (I)


(in the formula, R31 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having
2 to 10 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 10 carbon atoms; M31 to M33 each independently represent a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group or a 1,4-phenylene group in which one or two —CH2— in the trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group may be replaced by —O— such that oxygen atoms are not directly next to each other,
and one or two hydrogen atoms in the phenylene group may be replaced by fluorine atoms; X31 and X32 each independently represent a hydrogen atom or a fluorine atom; Z31 represents a fluorine atom, a trifluoromethoxy group, or a trifluoromethyl group; n31 and n32 each independently represent 0, 1, or 2 and n31+n32 is 0, 1, or 2; and in a case where there are a plurality of M31 and M33, the plurality of M31 and M33 may be the same or different), and that contains at least one compound selected from the group consisting of compounds represented
by a general formula (II-b) to a general formula (II-f),


(in the formulae, R21 to R30 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, or an
alkenyl group having 2 to 10 carbon atoms; and X21 represents a hydrogen atom or a fluorine atom), and

the RGB three-color pixel portions contain, as a coloring material in the R pixel portion, a diketopyrrolopyrrole-based red
pigment having an average primary particle size of 5 to 50 nm measured by a small angle X-ray scattering method.

US Pat. No. 9,175,218

LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY ELEMENT

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal composition having a positive value of ??, comprising:
at least one kind of a compound represented by the following formula (i); and
at least one kind of a compound represented by the following formula (ii):
wherein in the formulae, each of Ri1, Ri2 and Rii1 independently represents an alkyl group having a carbon number of 1-8;
one of the alkyl groups, or two or more of the alkyl groups being noncontiguous, include —CH2— which can be independently substituted by —CH?CH—, —C?C—, —O—, —CO—, —COO— or —OCO—;

hydrogen atom in the alkyl group can be substituted by fluorine atom or chlorine atom; and
one of Xi1, Xi2, Xi3 and Xi4 represents fluorine atom, and the others of Xi1, Xi2, Xi3 and Xi4 represent hydrogen atom.

US Pat. No. 10,131,860

DIALKYL POLYSULFIDE, PROCESS FOR PREPARING DIALKYL POLYSULFIDE, EXTREME PRESSURE ADDITIVE, AND LUBRICATING FLUID COMPOSITION

DIC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A dialkyl polysulfide comprising compounds represented by General Formula (1) and produced by a method including a first process in which a 1-olefin compound (a) having a linear end is allowed to react with sulfur in the presence of a hydrogen sulfide to obtain a dialkyl polysulfide (A) and a second process in which the dialkyl polysulfide compound (A) is allowed to react with a sulfide of an alkali metal to reduce the number of sulfur atoms contained in the dialkyl polysulfide (A)(where R1 and R2 each represent an alkyl group, and n is an integer from 1 to 6), wherein the total content of a compound in which n in General Formula (1) is 2 and a compound in which n in General Formula (1) is 3 is in the range of 80 to 100 mass % relative to the entire amount of the compounds represented by General Formula (1),wherein the 1-olefin compound (a) having a linear end is at least one selected from the group consisting of 1-butene, 1-pentene, 1-hexene, 1-octene, 1-decene, 1-dodecene, 1-tetradecene, 1-hexadecene, 1-octadecene and 1-eicosene,
wherein the first process includes allowing the 1-olefin compound (a) having a linear end to react with sulfur in the presence of a hydrogen sulfide at 60 to 130° C. and then holding a reaction system at 160 to 200° C. for 5 to 48 hours to obtain the dialkyl polysulfide (A).

US Pat. No. 9,487,705

LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE USING THE SAME

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal composition comprising at least one compound represented by Formula (i) and at least one compound represented
by General Formula (ii)

(where Ri1 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms or an alkenyl group having 2 to 5 carbon atoms);

at least one compound represented by General Formula (II-2)

(where R23 represents an alkenyl group having 2 to 5 carbon atoms, and R24 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms or an alkoxy group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms);

at least one compound represented by General Formula (I-1-1)

where R12 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 5 carbon atoms, or an alkoxy group having
1 to 4 carbon atoms;

at least one compound represented by General Formula (VIII-1)

where R8 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 5 carbon atoms, or an alkoxy group having
1 to 4 carbon atoms;

at least one compound represented by General Formula (IX-1-1)

where R9 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 5 carbon atoms, or an alkoxy group having
1 to 4 carbon atoms, and

at least one compound represented by General Formula (XIV-2),

wherein R140 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 5 carbon atoms, or an alkoxy group having
1 to 4 carbon atoms; X141 to X144 each independently represent a fluorine atom or a hydrogen atom; and Y14 represents a fluorine atom, a chlorine atom, or —OCF3,

wherein the at least one compound represented by General Formula (XIV-2) comprises at least one compound selected from the
group consisting of a compound represented by General Formula (XIV-2-2) and a compound represented by General Formula (XIV-2-4),


wherein the amount of the at least one compound represented by General Formula (II-2) is in the range of 20 to 35 mass % relative
to the total mass of the liquid crystal composition.

US Pat. No. 9,298,033

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising a first substrate, a second substrate, a liquid crystal composition layer held
between the first substrate and the second substrate, a color filter that includes a black matrix and at least RGB three-color
pixel portions, a pixel electrode, and a common electrode, the liquid crystal composition layer being constituted by a liquid
crystal composition containing
30 to 50% of a compound represented by general formula (I)
(in general formula (I), R1 and R2 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy
group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms and A represents a 1,4-phenylene group
or a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group),
5 to 20% of a compound represented by general formula (II-1)
(in general formula (II-1), R3 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having
1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms and R4 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 4 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having
1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 3 to 8 carbon atoms), and
25 to 45% of a compound represented by general formula (II-2)
(in general formula (II-2), R5 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having
1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, R6 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 4 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having
1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 3 to 8 carbon atoms, and B represents a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group or
a 1,4-phenylene group which may be substituted with fluorine), wherein a G pixel portion of the RGB three-color pixel portions
contains, as a coloring material, a halogenated metal phthalocyanine pigment that contains, as a central metal, a metal selected
from the group consisting of Al, Si, Sc, Ti, V, Mg, Fe, Co, Ni, Zn, Ga, Ge, Y, Zr, Nb, In, Sn, and Pb, where when the central
metal is trivalent, the central metal is bonded to one halogen atom, hydroxyl group, or sulfonic acid group or is oxo- or
thio-bridged and when the central metal is a tetravalent metal, the central metal is bonded to one oxygen atom or two selected
from a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group, and a sulfonic acid group, the selected two being the same or different from each other.

US Pat. No. 9,193,906

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising a first substrate, a second substrate, a liquid crystal composition layer held
between the first substrate and the second substrate, a color filter that includes a black matrix and at least RGB three-color
pixel portions, a pixel electrode, and a common electrode, the liquid crystal composition layer being constituted by a liquid
crystal composition containing
30 to 50% of a compound represented by general formula (I)
(in general formula (I), R1 and R2 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy
group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms and A represents a 1,4-phenylene group
or a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group),
5 to 20% of a compound represented by general formula (II-1)
(in general formula (II-1), R3 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having
1 to 8carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms and R4 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 4 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having
1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 3 to 8 carbon atoms),
25 to 45% of a compound represented by general formula (II-2)
(in general formula (II-2), R5 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having
1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, R6 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 4 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having
1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 3 to 8 carbon atoms, and B represents a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group or
a 1,4-phenylene group which may be substituted with fluorine), and
5 to 20% of a compound represented by general formula (III)
(in general formula (III), R7 and R8 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy
group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms; D, E, F, and G each independently represent
trans-1,4-cyclohexylene or a 1,4-phenylene group which may be substituted with fluorine; Z2 represents a single bond, —OCH2—, —OCO—, —CH2O—, or —COO—; n represents 0 or 1;and when n represents 0, Z2 represents —OCH2—, —OCO—, —CH2O—, or —COO— or D, E and G each represent a 1,4-phenylene group which may be substituted with fluorine), wherein a G pixel
portion of the RGB three-color pixel portions contains, as a coloring material, a halogenated metal phthalocyanine pigment
that contains, as a central metal, a metal selected from the group consisting of Al, Si, Sc, Ti, V, Mg, Fe, Co, Ni, Zn, Ga,
Ge, Y, Zr, Nb, In, Sn, and Pb, where when the central metal is trivalent, the central metal is bonded to one halogen atom,
hydroxyl group, or sulfonic acid group or is oxo- or thio-bridged and when the central metal is a tetravalent metal, the central
metal is bonded to one oxygen atom or two selected from a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group, and a sulfonic acid group, the selected
two being the same or different from each other.
US Pat. No. 9,902,857

QUINACRIDONE PIGMENT OF LOW AMINE CONTENT AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME

DIC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A method for purifying quinacridone to obtain a quinacridone pigment which has a content of a primary aromatic amine of
10 ppm or less, comprising washing a quinacridone pigment with water containing an acid, the pH of which is lower than 7,
and an organic solvent.

US Pat. No. 9,810,938

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising a first substrate, a second substrate, a liquid crystal composition layer sandwiched
between the first substrate and the second substrate, a color filter constituted by a black matrix and at least RGB three-color
pixel portions, a pixel electrode, and a common electrode,
wherein the liquid crystal composition layer contains a liquid crystal composition that contains one or more compounds represented
by general formula (I),

in the formula, R31 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having
2 to 10 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 10 carbon atoms; M31 to M33 each independently represent a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group or a 1,4-phenylene group, one or two —CH2— in the trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group may be substituted with —O— unless oxygen atoms are directly next to each other, and
one or two hydrogen atoms in the phenylene group may be substituted with fluorine atoms; X31 and X32 each independently represent a hydrogen atom or a fluorine atom; Z31 represents a fluorine atom, a trifluoromethoxy group, or a trifluoromethyl group; n31 and n32 each independently represent 0, 1, or 2 and n31 +n32 is 0, 1, or 2; and when a plurality of M31 and M33 are present, the plurality of M31 may be the same or different and the plurality of M33 may be the same or different and that contains one or more compounds selected from the group consisting of compounds represented
by general formula (II-b) to general formula (II-f),
in the formulae, R21 to R30 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, or an
alkenyl group having 2 to 10 carbon atoms; and X21 represents a hydrogen atom or a fluorine atom,
the color filter is a color filter containing an organic pigment, and
in the color filter, a volume fraction of particles having a particle size of more than 1000 nm relative to all particles
of the organic pigment is 1% or less, and a volume fraction of particles having a particle size of 40 nm or more and 1000
nm or less relative to all particles of the organic pigment is 25% or less.

US Pat. No. 9,688,913

LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION, LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE, AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal composition comprising:
one or more of compounds represented by general formula (i) below;
one or more of compounds represented by general formula (ii) below; and
one or more of compounds represented by general formula (M?) below;
in the formulae (i) and (ii), R11a and R21a each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms where one —CH2— or two or more non-adjacent —CH2— in the alkyl group may each independently be substituted with —CH?CH—, —C?C—, —O—, —CO—, —COO—, or —OCO—; one or more hydrogen
atoms in the alkyl group may be substituted with a fluorine atom or a chlorine atom; X11a, X12a, X13a, X14a, and X21a each independently represent a hydrogen atom or a fluorine atom; A21a, and A22a each independently represent a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group or a 1,4-phenylene group whose hydrogen atom may be substituted
with a fluorine atom or a chlorine atom; A23a in the general formula (ii) represents a 1,4-phenylene group in which two hydrogen atoms that bond to the 1,4-phenylene group
is substituted with fluorine atoms,
in the formula (M?), RM1 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms where one —CH2— or two or more non-adjacent —CH2— in the alkyl group may each independently be substituted with —CH?CH—, —C?C—, —O—, —CO—, —COO—, or —OCO—;
PM represents 1;
CM1 represents a 1,4-cyclohexylene group (one —CH2— or two or more non-adjacent —CH2-present in the group may be substituted with —O— or —S—);

CM2 represents a group selected from the group consisting of:

(d) a 1,4-cyclohexylene group (one —CH2— or two or more non-adjacent —CH2— present in the group may be substituted with —O— or —S—) and

(e) a 1,4-phenylene group (one —CH? or two or more non-adjacent —CH? present in the group may be substituted with —N?),where the group (d) and the group (e) may each independently be substituted with a cyano group, a fluorine atom, or a chlorine
atom;
KM1 and KM2 each represent a single bond;

XM1 and XM3 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, a chlorine atom, or a fluorine atom; and

XM2 represents a trifluoromethoxy group.

US Pat. No. 9,657,141

POLYARYLENE SULFIDE RESIN, MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREFOR, AND MOLDING

DIC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A method for manufacturing a polyarylene sulfide resin comprising:
reacting a poly(arylenesulfonium salt) having a constitutional unit represented by the following formula (1) with an aliphatic
amide compound to obtain a polyarylene sulfide resin having a constitutional unit represented by the following formula (2):


wherein
R1 represents a direct bond, —Ar2—, —Ar2—S— or —Ar2—O—;

Ar1 and Ar2 each represent an arylene group optionally having a functional group as a substituent;

R2 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms or an aryl group optionally having an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon
atoms; and

X? represents an anion,


wherein
R1 represents a direct bond, —Ar2—, —Ar2—S— or —Ar2—O—; and

Ar1 and Ar2 each represent an arylene group optionally having a functional group as a substituent.

US Pat. No. 9,650,571

NEMATIC LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal composition comprising:
a first component comprising one or more fluorobenzene derivatives having a 1-propenyl group represented by general formula
(I-1), and one or more fluorobenzene derivatives having a 1-propenyl group represented by general formula (I-2); and

one or more liquid crystal compounds having negative ?? with an absolute value of 3 or more as a second component,
in the general formula (I-2), R11 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having
2 to 5 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 5 carbon atoms; Z11 and Z12 each represent —CH2O—,—or a single bond; Ring A and Ring B each represent a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group, a 1,4-phenylene group, or a 1,4-cyclohexenylene
group; and m and n each independently represent 0 or 1,
in the general formula (I-2). R11 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having
2 to 5 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 5 carbon atoms; Z11 represents a single bond and Z12 represents —CH2O—, —CF2O—, —CH2CH2—, or a single bond; Ring A and Ring B each independently represent a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group, a 1,4-phenylene group,
or a 1,4-cyclohexenylene group; and m represents 1 and n represents 1,
wherein the one or more fluorobenzene derivatives having a 1-propenyl group represented by general formula (I-1) includes
a compound wherein m represenis 0 and n represents 1.

US Pat. No. 9,518,221

NEMATIC LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE USING THE SAME

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal composition having positive dielectric anisotropy, comprising compounds represented by formula (26.2)
and formula (2.5):

 and
one or more compounds represented by general formula (IV):

(In the formula, R41 and R42 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms or an alkenyl group having 4 or 5 carbon atoms and
X41 and X42 each independently represent a hydrogen atom or a fluorine atom),

13% by mass or more of one or more selected from compounds represented by formula (11.1) and formula (11.2):

 and
a compound represented by general formula (V-2)

wherein R51 and R52 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, and X51 and X52 each independently represent a fluorine atom or a hydrogen atom.

US Pat. No. 9,512,330

ACTINIC-RADIATION-CURABLE RESIN COMPOSITION, PRIMER CONTAINING THE SAME, AND SHAPED ARTICLE

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. An actinic-radiation-curable resin composition comprising an oil-modified alkyd resin (A) and a compound (B) having two
or more (meth)acryloyl groups in a molecule thereof,
the oil-modified alkyd resin (A) being prepared using two or more oils (a1) having iodine values of 100 or more, the oil-modified
alkyd resin (A) having an oil length of 30 to 60, a mass average molecular weight of 200,000 to 1,000,000, and a molecular
weight distribution (Mw/Mn) of 50 or more,

the oil-modified alkyd resin (A) and the (meth)acryloyl-containing compound (B) being present in a mass ratio ((A)/(B)) of
20/80 to 80/20.

US Pat. No. 9,181,484

COMPOUND HAVING 2-FLUOROPHENYLOXYMETHANE STRUCTURE

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A compound represented by General Formula (1)[Chem. 1]

(where R1 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 15 carbon atoms or an alkenyl group having 2 to 15 carbon atoms, and one —CH2— moiety or at least two —CH2— moieties not adjoining each other in R1 are each independently optionally substituted with —O—, —S—, —COO—, —OCO—, or —CO—;

A1 and A2 are each independently a group selected from the group consisting of

(a) a 1,4-cyclohexylene group (where one —CH2— moiety or at least two —CH2— moieties not adjoining each other are each independently optionally substituted with —O— or —S—) and

(b) a 1,4-phenylene group (where one —CH? moiety or at least two —CH? moieties not adjoining each other are each optionally
substituted with —N?, and a hydrogen atom is optionally substituted with a fluorine atom);

A3 is a group represented by General Formula (A-1) or (A-2)
[Chem. 1]

(where W represents a fluorine atom, a chlorine atom, a cyano group, a trifluoromethyl group, a trifluoromethoxy group, or
a difluoromethoxy group, and

Y2, Y3, and Y4 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, a fluorine atom, or a chlorine atom);

Z1 and Z2 each independently represent —CH2O—, —OCH2—, —OCF2—, —COO—, —OCO—, —CH2CH2—, —CF2CF2—, —CH?CH—, —CF?CF—, —C?C—, or a single bond;

Y1 represents a hydrogen atom, a fluorine atom, or a chlorine atom; and

m and n each independently represent 0, 1, 2, or 3 and satisfy the relationship of m+n=3, wherein in the case where multiple
A1 moieties are present, the A1 moieties are the same as or different from each other; in the case where multiple A2 moieties are present, the A2 moieties are the same as or different from each other; in the case where multiple Z1 moieties are present, the Z1 moieties are the same as or different from each other; and in the case where multiple Z2 moieties are present, the Z2 moieties are the same as or different from each other, wherein

the compound excludes a compound that satisfies each of the following conditions: in is 1; n is 2; A2 in the -(A2-Z2)- moiety directly connected to A3 is a 1,4-phenylene group (where a hydrogen atom is optionally substituted with a fluorine atom); Z2 in the -(A2-Z2)- moiety directly connected to A3 is a single bond; Z1 and Z2 are each independently —CH2O—, —OCH2—, —OCF2—, —CH2CH2—, —CF2CF2—, —CH?CH—, —CF?CF—, —C?C—, or a single bond; A3 is a group represented by General Formula (A-2); and W in General Formula (A-2) is a fluorine atom).

US Pat. No. 10,113,115

NEMATIC LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE USING THE SAME

DIC CORPORATION (TOKYO), ...

1. A liquid crystal composition having a negative dielectric anisotropy, the composition comprising a first component that is at least one compound represented by General Formula (i)(where Ri1 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, and Ri2 represents an alkyl group having 3 to 8 carbon atoms) anda second component that is at least e compound selected from compounds represented by General Formula (L)(where RL1 and RL2 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms; in the alkyl group, one —CH2— or at least two —CH2-'s not adjoining each other are each independently optionally substituted with —CH?CH—, —C?C—, —O—, —CO—, —COO—, or —OCO—;nL1 represents 0, 1, 2, or 3;
AL1, AL2, and AL3 each independently represent a group selected from the group consisting of(a) a 1,4-cyclohexylene group (in which one —CH2— or at least two —CH2—'s not adjoining each other are each optionally substituted with —O—),(b) a 1,4-phenylene group (in which one —CH? or at least two —CH?'s not adjoining each other are each optionally substituted with —N?), and(c) a naphthalene-2,6-diyl group, a 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl group, or a decahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl group (in the naphthalene-2,6-diyl group or the 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl group, one —CH? or at least two —CH?'s not adjoining each other are each optionally substituted with —N?);the groups (a) to (c) are each independently optionally substituted with a cyano group, a fluorine atom, or a chlorine atom;ZL1 and ZL2 each independently represent a single bond, —CH2CH2—, —(CH2)4—, —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —COO—, —OCO—, —OCF2—, —CF2O—, —CH?N—N?CH—, —CH?CH—, —CF?CF—, or —C?C—;
in the case where nL1 is 2 or 3 and where AL2 is multiple, the multiple AL2's may be the same as or different from each other; in the case where nL1 is 2 or 3 and where ZL3 is multiple, the multiple ZL3's may be the same as or different from each other; and the compound represented by General Formula (L) excludes the compound represented by General Formula (i)).
US Pat. No. 9,890,237

EPOXY COMPOUND, EPOXY RESIN, CURABLE COMPOUND, CURED PRODUCT THEREOF, SEMICONDUCTOR SEALING MATERIAL, AND PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD

DIC Corporation, Tokyo (...

8. A printed circuit board which is obtained by impregnating a reinforcement basic material with a resin composition varnished
by blending the curable composition according to claim 5 with an organic solvent, and superposing a copper foil on the resulting material, followed by heat-pressing.

US Pat. No. 9,719,017

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal display device in which a liquid crystal layer containing a liquid crystal composition is disposed between
a first substrate provided with a common electrode and a color filter layer and a second substrate provided with a plurality
of pixels each having a pixel electrode, the liquid crystal display device comprising:
orientation controlling layers formed of at least two polymerizable compounds and disposed between the first substrate and
the liquid crystal layer and between the second substrate and the liquid crystal layer without the presence of an alignment
film, wherein

each of the pixels has at least two regions having different directions of pretilt, and
the liquid crystal composition contains at least one compound represented by General Formula (I)

(where R1? and R2? each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy
group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms; Q1 represents a 1,4-phenylene group or a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group; l1 represents 1 or 2; and in the case where l1 is 2, the two Q1's may be the same as or different from each other) and a compound represented by General Formula (II)


(where R3? represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having
1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms; R4? represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 4 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having
1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 3 to 8 carbon atoms; Q2 represents a 1,4-phenylene group or a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group; l2 represents 0, 1, or 2; in the case where l2 is 2, the two Q2's may be the same as or different from each other; and G1 is a single bond, —CH2CH2—, —CH2O—, —OCH2—, —CF2O—, or —OCF2—),

wherein said at least two polymerizable compounds include a first polymerizable compound and a second polymerizable compound,
the first polymerizable compound being at least one compound selected from the group consisting of compounds represented by
General Formula (X1a), General Formula (X1b) and General Formula (X1c), and the second polymerizable compound being at least
one compound selected from the group consisting of compounds represented by General Formula (X2a);


where A1 represents a hydrogen atom or a methyl group;

A2 represents a single bond or an alkylene group having 1 to 15 carbon atoms (one or more methylene groups contained in the alkylene
group are each independently optionally substituted with an oxygen atom, —CO—, —COO—, or —OCO— such that oxygen atoms are
not directly bonded to each other; and one or more hydrogen atoms contained in the alkylene group are each independently optionally
substituted with a fluorine atom, a methyl group, or an ethyl group;

A3 and A6 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, or an alkyl group having 1 to 18 carbon atoms (one or more methylene
groups contained in the alkyl group are each independently optionally substituted with an oxygen atom, —CO—, —COO—, or —OCO—
such that oxygen atoms are not directly bonded to each other; and one or more hydrogen atoms contained in the alkyl group
are each independently optionally substituted with a halogen atom or an alkyl group having 1 to 17 carbon atoms);

A4 and A7 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, or an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms (one or more methylene
groups contained in the alkyl group are each independently optionally substituted with an oxygen atom, —CO—, —COO—, or —OCO—
such that oxygen atoms are not directly bonded to each other; and one or more hydrogen atoms contained in the alkyl group
are each independently optionally substituted with a halogen atom or an alkyl group having 1 to 9 carbon atoms);

k is from 1 to 40;
B1, B2, and B3 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, a linear or branched alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms (one or more methylene
groups contained in the alkyl group are each independently optionally substituted with an oxygen atom, —CO—, —COO—, or —OCO—
such that oxygen atoms are not directly bonded to each other; and one or more hydrogen atoms contained in the alkyl group
are each independently optionally substituted with a halogen atom or a trialkoxysilyl group having 3 to 6 carbon atoms), or
a group represented by General Formula (I-b)


(where A9 represents a hydrogen atom or a methyl group; and

A8 represents a single bond or an alkylene group having 1 to 15 carbon atoms (one or more methylene groups contained in the alkylene
group are each independently optionally substituted with an oxygen atom, —CO—, —COO—, or —OCO— such that oxygen atoms are
not directly bonded to each other; and one or more hydrogen atoms contained in the alkylene group are each independently optionally
substituted with a fluorine atom, a methyl group, or an ethyl group), where among B1, B2, and B3 that are present in the number of 2k+1 in total, the number of the groups represented by General Formula (I-b) is 0 or 1),

compounds represented by General Formula (XIb)

(where R7 represents a hydrogen atom or a methyl group;

six-membered rings T1, T2, and T3 each independently represent any of the following structures


(where m is an integer from 1 to 4);
n4 represents 0 or 1;

Y1 and Y2 each independently represent a single bond, —CH2CH2—, —CH2O—, —OCH2—, —COO—, —OCO—, —C?C—, —CH?CH—, —CF?CF—, —(CH2)4—, —CH2CH2CH2O—, —OCH2CH2CH2—, —CH2?CHCH2CH2—, or —CH2CH2CH?CH—;

Y3 represents a single bond, —COO—, or —OCO—; and

R8 represents a hydrocarbon group having 1 to 18 carbon atoms), and compounds represented by General Formula (X1c)


(where R70 represents a hydrogen atom or a methyl group, and

R71 represents a hydrocarbon group having fused rings); and


(where R3 and R4 each independently represent a hydrogen atom or a methyl group;

C4 and C5 each independently represent a 1,4-phenylene group, a 1,4-cyclohexylene group, a pyridine-2,5-diyl group, a pyrimidine-2,5-diyl
group, a pyridazine-3,6-diyl group, a 1,3-dioxane-2,5-diyl group, a cyclohexene-1,4-diyl group, a decahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl
group, a 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl group, a phenanthrene-2,7-diyl group, an anthracene-2,6-diyl group, a 2,6-naphthylene
group, or an indane-2,5-diyl group (among these groups, one or more hydrogen atoms of the 1,4-phenylene group, 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl
group, 2,6-naphthylene group, and indane-2,5-diyl group are each independently optionally substituted with a fluorine atom,
a chlorine atom, a methyl group, a trifluoromethyl group, or a trifluoromethoxy group);

Z3 and Z5 each independently represent a single bond or an alkylene group having 1 to 15 carbon atoms (one or more methylene groups
contained in the alkylene group are each independently optionally substituted with an oxygen atom, —CO—, —COO—, or —OCO— such
that oxygen atoms are not directly bonded to each other; and one or more hydrogen atoms contained in the alkylene group are
each independently optionally substituted with a fluorine atom, a methyl group, or an ethyl group);

Z4 represents a single bond, —CH2CH2—, —CH2O—, —OCH2—, —CH2CH2O—, —OCH2CH2—, —CH2CH2CH2O—, —OCH2CH2CH2—, —CH2CH2OCO—, —COOCH2CH2—, —CH2CH2COO—, —OCOCH2CH2—, —CH?CH—, —C?C—, —CF2O—, —OCF2—, —CH?CHCOO—, —OCOCH?CH—, —COO—, or —OCO—;

n2 represents 0, 1, or 2; and in the case where n2 is 2, multiple C4's may be the same as or different from each other, and multiple Z4's may be the same as or different from each other),

wherein the at least one compound represented by General Formula (I) comprises a compound represented by formula (I-1)

US Pat. No. 9,593,281

NEMATIC LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal composition comprising:
3 mass % to 25 mass % of a first component comprising one or more compounds represented by general formula (I),

(in the formula, R11 represents an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, and R12 represents an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms), and

a second component comprising one or more liquid crystal compounds, each having a negative ?? with an absolute value of 3
or more.

US Pat. No. 9,475,940

POLYARYLENE SULFIDE RESIN COMPOSITION AND MOLDED BODY

DIC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A polyarylene sulfide resin composition comprising a polyarylene sulfide resin (A) and 0.01 to 5 parts by mass of an olefin
wax (B) relative to 100 parts by mass of the polyarylene sulfide resin (A),
wherein the olefin wax (B) has an acid value within the range of 70 to 120 [mgKOH/g] and a dropping point within the range
of 60 to 90° C., and contains a carboxyl group and a carboxylic anhydride group.

US Pat. No. 9,347,001

LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE USING SAME

DIC CORPORATION (TOKYO), ...

1. A liquid crystal composition comprising a compound represented by Formula (i);

a compound represented by General Formula (ii)

where in General Formula (ii), Rii1 and Rii2 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, an alkoxyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, or an
alkenyl group having 4 or 5 carbon atoms; and Xii1 and Xii2 each independently represent a hydrogen atom or a fluorine atom;

a compound represented by General Formula (II-2)

where in General Formula (II-2), R23 represents an alkenyl group having 2 to 5 carbon atoms, and R24 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms or an alkoxy group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms;

a compound represented by Formula (23.1); and

a compound represented by Formula (26.2)

wherein the amount of the compound represented by General Formula (II-2) is in the range of 6 to 35 mass % relative to the
total mass of the liquid crystal composition.

US Pat. No. 9,217,053

ACTIVE ESTER RESIN, THERMOSETTING RESIN COMPOSITION, CURED PRODUCT OF SAME, SEMICONDUCTOR ENCAPSULATION MATERIAL, PREPREG, CIRCUIT BOARD, AND BUILD-UP FILM

DIC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. An active ester resin having one resin structure selected from the group consisting of:
a resin structure obtained by reacting a phosphorus-containing phenolic compound (A1x) having a structural segment (i) represented
by structural formula (I) below:


Ar represents a benzene ring or a naphthalene ring, Fc represents a hydrogen atom or a hydroxyl group, and Z represents a
structural segment selected from the group consisting of partial structures represented by structural formula z1 or z3 below:


with an aromatic dicarboxylic acid or an anhydride or dihalide of an aromatic dicarboxylic acid or a C2-6 saturated dicarboxylic
acid or an anhydride or dihalide of a C2-6 saturated dicarboxylic acid (A2) so that hydroxyl groups in the structural segment
(i) form ester bonds, the resin structure having two structural segments (i) bonded to each other via an ester residue of
the (A2);

a resin structure obtained by reacting a phosphorus-containing phenolic resin (A1y) having a novolac phenolic resin structure
and having, as a substituent on an aromatic nucleus, a structural segment selected from the group consisting of partial structures
represented by the structural formula z1 or z3 with an aromatic dicarboxylic acid or an anhydride or dihalide of an aromatic
dicarboxylic acid or a C2-6 saturated dicarboxylic acid or an anhydride or dihalide of a C2-6 saturated dicarboxylic acid
(A2) so that all or some of hydroxyl groups of the phosphorus-containing phenolic resin (A1y) form ester bonds, the resin
structure having two hydroxyl groups bonded to each other via an ester residue of the (A2); and

a resin structure obtained by reacting a phosphorus-containing phenolic resin (A1z) having a structural segment (ii) selected
from the group consisting of partial structures represented by structural formula (II) below:


wherein R6 represents a hydrogen atom or a C1-6 alkyl group, Z represents a structural segment selected from the group consisting of
a hydrogen atom and partial structures represented by the structural formula z1 or z3;

wherein at least one of the Z represents a structural segment selected from the partial structures represented by the structural
formula z1 or z3 with an aromatic dicarboxylic acid or an anhydride or dihalide of an aromatic dicarboxylic acid or a C2-6
saturated dicarboxylic acid or an anhydride or dihalide of a C2-6 saturated dicarboxylic acid (A2) so that all or some of
hydroxyl groups of the phosphorus-containing phenolic resin (A1z) form ester bonds, the resin structure having two hydroxyl
groups bonded to each other via an ester residue of the (A2); wherein in the structural formula z1 or z3 above, R1, R2, R3, and R4 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, a C1-5 alkyl group, a chlorine atom, a bromine atom, a phenyl group, or an aralkyl
group, R5 represents a hydrogen atom or a C1-5 alkyl group, R represents a C1-4 alkyl group, and n represents the number of substituents
OR on an aromatic nucleus and is in the range of 1 to 3.

US Pat. No. 9,181,478

FLUOROBIPHENYL-CONTAINING COMPOSITION

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal composition comprising three or more compounds represented by general formula (i) below, at least one
compound represented by general formula (i?-2) below being contained as a compound represented by general formula (i) below,
and further comprising at least one compound selected from the group consisting of a compound represented by general formula
(I-1-1) below, a compound represented by general formula (I-1-2) below, a compound represented by general formula (IV-1) below,
a compound represented by general formula (III) below, a compound represented by general formula (X-4) below, a compound represented
by general formula (IX-1) below, a compound represented by general formula (XI-1) below, and a compound represented by general
formula (VIII-1) below:

(In the formula, Ri1 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, and one or nonadjacent two or more —CH2— in the alkyl group may be each independently substituted by —CH?CH—, —C?C—, —O—, —CO—, —COO—, or —OCO—; mi1 represents 1 or 2; Ai1 represents a 1,4-cyclohexylene group or a 1,4-phenylene group which may have a fluorine atom or a chlorine atom substituted
for a hydrogen atom, when mi1 represents 1, Ai1 represents a 1,4-phenylene group which may have a fluorine atom or a chlorine atom substituted for a hydrogen atom, and when
mi1 represents 2 and a plurality of Ai1 are present, Ai1 may be the same or different; and Xi1 represents a hydrogen atom, a fluorine atom, or a chlorine atom)


(In the formula, Ri1 represents the same meaning as Ri1 in the general formula (i), and Xi1 represents a fluorine atom)


(In the formulae, R12 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 5 carbon atoms, or an
alkoxy group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms)


(In the formula, R43 and R44 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms or an alkenyl group having 2 to 5 carbon atoms)


(In the formula, R31 and R32 each independently represent an alkenyl group having 2 to 5 carbon atoms, an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, or an
alkoxy group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms)


(In the formula, X102 represents a fluorine atom or a hydrogen atom, and R10 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 5 carbon atoms, or an alkoxy group having
1 to 4 carbon atoms)


(In the formula, R9 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 5 carbon atoms, or an alkoxy group having
1 to 4 carbon atoms, X92 represents a hydrogen atom or a fluorine atom, and Y9 represents a fluorine atom or —OCF3)


(In the formula, R11 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 5 carbon atoms, or an alkoxy group having
1 to 4 carbon atoms)


(In the formula, R8 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 5 carbon atoms, or an alkoxy group having
1 to 4 carbon atoms).

US Pat. No. 9,166,182

ORGANIC TRANSISTOR AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME

DIC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. An organic transistor including a gate electrode (b), a gate insulating film (c), and an organic semiconductor layer (d)
which contacts the gate insulating film, is formed by printing or coating, and has a channel formation area, and source/drain
electrodes (e), which are formed on (a) a substrate,
wherein the organic semiconductor layer contains a fluorinated (meth) acrylic polymer, which is made using a fluorinated (meth)acrylate
as a raw material; and

the fluorinated (meth)acrylate is denoted by
CH2?C(R1)COO(X)aCmF2m+1  (A-1)
(wherein R1 denotes H, CH3, Cl, F, or CN, X denotes a bivalent bonding group, specifically, —(CH2)n, —CH2CH(OH)(CH2)n—, —(CH2)nN(R2)SO2—, —(CH2)nN(R2)CO— (wherein n is an integer in a range of 1 to 10, R2 denotes H or an alkyl group having 1 to 18 carbon atoms), —CH(CH3)—, —CH(CH2CH3)—, —C(CH3)2—, —CH(CF3)—, —C(CF3)2—, and CH2CFH—, a denotes 0 or 1, and m denotes an integer of 1 to 20), wherein the organic semiconductor layer is made of an organic
semiconductor material having crystallinity.

US Pat. No. 9,951,236

AQUEOUS PIGMENT DISPERSION AND AQUEOUS INK FOR INKJET RECORDING USE

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. An aqueous pigment dispersion comprising a pigment, water, and a polymer (A), wherein the polymer (A) is capable of a solubility in water of 0.1 g/100mL or less when not neutralized, and capable of forming fine particles in water when neutralized to 100%, wherein the polymer (A) has a number average molecular weight within the range of 1,000 to 6,000 and polymer (A) is represented by general formula (1):
wherein, in formula (1), A1 represents an organic lithium initiator residue, A2 represents a polymer block of styrene, A3 represents a polymer block containing an anionic group, n represents an integer of 1 to 5, and B represents an aromatic group or an alkyl group;
wherein the polymer (A) has an acid value within the range of 40 to 190 mg KOH/g, and wherein the degree of neutralization of the anionic group with a basic compound of the polymer (A) is 20% to 200%.

US Pat. No. 9,688,787

POLYMERIZABLE COMPOUND HAVING LATERAL SUBSTITUENT IN TERMINAL RING STRUCTURE

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A polymerizable compound represented by general formula (I),

wherein P represents a substituent selected from polymerizable groups represented by formulae (P-1) to (P-15) below,

S1 represents an alkylene group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, in which one —CH2— or unadjacent two or more —CH2— may be each independently substituted by —O—, or a single bond, and when a plurality of S1 is present, S1 may be the same or different; X1 represents —O—, —S—, —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —CO—, —COO—, —OCO—, —CO—S—, —S—CO—, —O—CO—O—, —CO—NH—, —NH—CO—, —SCH2—, —CH2S—, —CF2O—, —OCF2—, —CF2S—, —SCF2—, —CH2CH2—, —CH2CF2—, —CF2CH2—, —CF2CF2—, —CH?CH—COO—, —CH?CH—OCO—, —COO—CH?CH—, —OCO—CH?CH—, —COO—CH2CH2—, —OCO—CH2CH2—, —CH2CH2—COO—, —CH2CH2—OCO—, —COO—CH2—, —OCO—CH2—, —CH2—COO—, —CH2—OCO—, —CY1?CY2—, —C?C—, or a single bond, wherein Y1 and Y2 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 12 carbon atoms, a fluorine atom, a chlorine atom,
or a cyano group, and when a plurality of X1 is present, X1 may be the same or different; n represents 0, 1, 2, 3, or 4; A1 and A2 each independently represent a 1,4-phenylene group, a naphthalene-2,6-diyl group, a 1,4-cyclohexylene group, a 1,4-cyclohexenylene
group, a 1,4-bicyclo[2.2.2]octylene group, a decahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl group, a 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl
group, a pyridine-2,6-diyl group, a pyrimidine-2,5-diyl group, or a 1,3-dioxane-2,5-diyl group, which may be unsubstituted
or substituted by a fluorine atom, a chlorine atom, a cyano group, a nitro group, an alkyl group having 1 to 7 carbon atoms,
an alkoxy group having 1 to 7 carbon atoms, or an alkanoyl group having 1 to 7 carbon atoms; at least one hydrogen atom of
the alkyl group, the alkoxy group, or the alkanoyl group may be substituted by a fluorine atom or chlorine atom, and when
a plurality of A1 is present, A1 may be the same or different; A3 represents a group selected from groups represented by formula (A3-1) to formula (A3-8) below,


wherein L1 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 7 carbon atoms, in which at least one hydrogen atom may be substituted by a fluorine
atom or a chlorine atom, one —CH? or unadjacent two —CH? in a group represented by the formula (A3-1) may be substituted by —N?, one —CH2— or unadjacent two —CH2— in groups represented by the formula (A3-2) and formula (A3-3) may be substituted by —O— or —S—, groups represented by the formula (A3-1) to the formula (A3-8) may be further substituted by a fluorine atom, a chlorine atom, a cyano group, a nitro group, or an alkyl group, alkoxy
group, or alkanoyl group having 1 to 7 carbon atoms, in which at least one hydrogen atom may be substituted by a fluorine
atom or chlorine atom; Z1 and Z2 each independently represent —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —COO—, —OCO—, —CO—S—, —S—CO—, —CO—NH—, —NH—CO—, —SCH2—, —CH2S—, —CF2O—, —OCF2—, —CF2S—, —SCF2—, —CH2CH2—, —CH2CF2—, —CF2CH2—, —CF2CF2—, —CH?CH—COO—, —CH?CH—OCO—, —COO—CH?CH—, —OCO—CH?CH—, —COO—CH2CH2—, —OCO—CH2CH2—, —CH2CH2—COO—, —CH2CH2—OCO—, —COO—CH2—, —COO—CH2—, —CH2—COO—, CH2—OCO—, —CY3?CY4—, or a single bond wherein Y3 and Y4 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 12 carbon atoms, a fluorine atom, a chlorine atom,
or a cyano group, and when a plurality of Z1 is present, Z1 may be the same or different; R1 represents a fluorine atom, a chlorine atom, a cyano group, or an alkyl group having 1 to 12 carbon atoms, at least one hydrogen
atom in the alkyl group may be substituted by a fluorine atom, a chlorine atom, or a cyano group; and m represents 0, 1, 2,
3, or 4,

wherein a polymer obtained by polymerizing the polymerizable compound has a haze value of 1.1 to 1.5.

US Pat. No. 9,604,852

?-ALUMINA PARTICLES AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

DIC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. ?-alumina particles each having a particle diameter of 50 ?m or less, a degree of ? crystallization of 90% or more, a crystal
face other than the face [001] as a main crystal face, and a polyhedral shape other than a hexagonal bipyramidal shape, wherein
the ?-alumina particles contain molybdenum oxide and/or vanadium oxide.
US Pat. No. 9,540,453

METHOD FOR PRODUCING MODIFIED CELLULOSE NANOFIBERS

DIC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A method for producing modified cellulose nanofibers, comprising a step of obtaining modified cellulose by causing cellulose
having hydroxyl groups to react with a resin having an intramolecular polybasic anhydride structure and a step of miniaturizing
the modified cellulose are performed in the same step, wherein the polybasic anhydride structure is a cyclic polybasic anhydride
structure obtained by ring formation through dehydration condensation of carboxyl groups in the molecule.

US Pat. No. 9,487,700

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising a first substrate, a second substrate, a liquid crystal composition layer disposed
between the first substrate and the second substrate, a color filter that includes a black matrix and at least RGB three-color
pixel units, a pixel electrode, and a common electrode,
wherein the liquid crystal composition layer is composed of a liquid crystal composition that contains one or more compounds
selected from the group consisting of compounds represented by general formula (LC1) and general formula (LC2):

(In the formulae, R1 and R2 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 15 carbon atoms where one or more CH2 groups in the alkyl group may each be substituted with —O—, —CH?CH—, —CO—, —OCO—, —COO—,—C?C—, —CF2O—, or —OCF2— so long as oxygen atoms are not directly adjacent to each other and one or more hydrogen atoms in the alkyl group may each
be substituted with a halogen, A1 and A2 each independently represent one of the following structures:
Z1 and Z2 each independently represent a single bond, —CH?CH—, —C?C—, —CH2CH2—, —(CH2)4—, —COO—, —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —OCF2—, or —CF2O—, at least one of Z1 and Z2 that are present represents a group other than a single bond, 11 represents 0 or 1, m1 and m2 each independently represent 0 to 3, and m1+m2 is 1, 2, or 3.), and
the RGB three-color pixel units contain, as a coloring material, a pigment that has a water-soluble content of 0% by mass
or more and 1.5% by mass or less and/or an electrical conductivity of 10 ?S/cm or more and 150 ?S/cm or less.

US Pat. No. 9,474,835

BLOCK COPOLYMER AND ANTITHROMBOTIC COATING AGENT

Kawamura Institute of Che...

1. A triblock type copolymer including a polymer (A) containing a monomer (a) represented by the general formula (1) and a
polymer (B) containing a monomer (b) represented by the following formula (2):

in the formulae (1) and (2), R0 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 3 carbon atoms; R1 represents a hydrogen atom, or a methyl group; R2 represents an alkylene group having 2 or 3 carbon atoms; R3, and R4 represent a hydrogen atom, or an alkyl group having 1 or 2 carbon atoms; and n represents an integer from 1 to 9,

wherein the triblock type copolymer is A-B-A type or A-B*-A type; and
the copolymer B* contains the monomer (a) represented by the general formula (1) and the monomer (b) represented by the general
formula (2).

US Pat. No. 9,404,017

ACTIVE-ENERGY-RAY-CURABLE HOT-MELT URETHANE RESIN COMPOSITION, MEMBER FOR ELECTRONIC DEVICE, THE MEMBER INCLUDING THE RESIN COMPOSITION, AND PACKING

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. An active-energy-ray-curable hot-melt urethane resin composition consisting essentially of a hot-melt urethane (X); and
an active energy ray polymerization initiator (Y), the hot-melt urethane (X) being obtained by converting more than 50% and
100% or less of the total number of isocyanate groups in an isocyanate group-terminated urethane prepolymer (C) into terminal
(meth)acryloyl groups by a reaction with hydroxyl groups in a reactive functional group-containing (meth)acrylic compound
(D), the isocyanate group-terminated urethane prepolymer (C) being obtained by reacting a polyisocyanate component (B) with
a polyol component (A) that contains an aromatic polyester polyol (a1) containing, as a glycol having a 2,2-dimethyl-1,3-propylene
structure in its molecule, neopentyl glycol in an amount of 90% by mole or more of a glycol component and a polyol (a2) other
than the aromatic polyester polyol (a1); wherein the polyol (a2) other than the aromatic polyester polyol (a1) is polytetramethylene
glycol.

US Pat. No. 9,181,480

LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION, LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY ELEMENT, AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal composition having a negative dielectric anisotropy, comprising:
a component (A) that is dielectrically negative, having a dielectric anisotropy of ?2 or less;
a component (B) that is dielectrically neutral, having a dielectric anisotropy of more than ?2 and less than +2; and
a component (C) that is different from the component (A) and the component (B),
the component (B) including 2 to 25% of a compound represented by formula (1.1); and

the component (A) including a compound represented by formula (2.1); 1 to 20% of a compound represented by formula (2.2);
and 8 to 24% of a compound represented by formula (5) or formula (6):


wherein in the formula (5) and the formula (6), R2 represents an alkyl group having a carbon number of 3 to 5,

wherein a content of the component (C) is 1 to 10%, and a total content of the component (A) and the component (B) is 90 to
99%.

US Pat. No. 9,062,249

LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION

DIC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal composition containing 30 to 50% by mass of a compound represented by general formula (I),

(in the formula, R1 and R2 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy
group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, and A represents a 1,4-phenylene group
or a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group), and containing, as the compound represented by general formula (I), the following compound:


5 to 20% by mass of a compound represented by general formula (II-1),

(in the formula, R3 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having
1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, and R4 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 4 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having
1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 3 to 8 carbon atoms), and 25 to 45% by mass of a compound represented by
general formula (II-2),


(in the formula, R5 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having
1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, R6 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 4 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having
1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 3 to 8 carbon atoms, and B represents a 1,4-phenylene group which may be
substituted by fluorine or a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group), and the liquid crystal composition constituting a liquid crystal
layer and further containing 5 to 20% by mass of a compound represented by general formula (III),


(in the formula, R7 and R8 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy
group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, D and G each independently represent
a 1,4-phenylene group, E represents a 2,3-difluoro-1,4-phenylene group, Z2 represents a single bond, and n represents 0), wherein a total content of the compounds represented by the general formula
(I), the general formula (II-1), the general formula (II-2), and the general formula (III) is 95% to 100% by mass, and the
composition does not contain a compound having a phenathrene skeleton.

US Pat. No. 9,902,820

MOLDED BODY AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING CELLULOSE-NANOFIBER-CONTAINING RESIN COMPOSITION

DIC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A method for producing a cellulose nanofiber-containing resin composition, comprising:
refining cellulose in a mixture containing a compound having a reactive double-bond group and a hydroxyl value of 10 KOHmg/g
or less and a defibrating resin,

wherein the cellulose has a moisture content of 4 to 25 parts by mass with respect to 100 parts by mass of the amount of the
cellulose converted on the assumption that the percentage moisture of the cellulose is 0%.

US Pat. No. 9,904,166

GREEN PIGMENT COMPOSITION FOR COLOR FILTERS, AND COLOR FILTER

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A green pigment composition for color filters comprising:
from 0.1 to 10 parts of a pigment derivative represented by General Formula (1) per 100 parts of a halogenated zinc phthalocyanine
pigment, in terms of a mass:


wherein Z1 to Z16 each independently represent a bromine atom, a chlorine atom, a hydrogen atom, or a functional group having a phthalimide
skeleton bonded by an alkylene group having 1 to 3 carbon atoms, an average number of bromine atoms in one molecule is 8 to
12, an average number of chlorine atoms is 2 to 5, an average number of substituents of the functional group having a phthalimide
skeleton bonded by an alkylene group having 1 to 3 carbon atoms is from 0.1 to 3, and the remainder is hydrogen atoms.

US Pat. No. 9,803,087

AQUEOUS COATING AGENT AND ARTICLE USING SAME

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. An aqueous coating agent comprising:
a vinyl polymer (A) having a basic nitrogen atom-containing group, which is at least one selected from an N,N-dimethylaminoethyl
group, an N,N-dimethylaminopropyl group and an N,N-diethylaminopropyl group, and a carboxylic group;

a quaternary ammonium salt (B) represented by General Formula (1) below;
an aqueous medium (C); and
a nonionic emulsifier (D),
wherein the nonionic emulsifier (D) is a polyoxyalkylene branched decyl ether:

wherein, in General Formula (1), R1 to R4 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms or an aryl group.

US Pat. No. 9,683,173

NEMATIC LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY ELEMENT USING SAME

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal composition comprising;
as a first component, one or two or more compounds selected from a compound group represented by general formula (I),

where R11 and R12 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, an alkoxyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, an
alkenyl group having 2 to 10 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 10 carbon atoms, one —CH2— or two or more nonadjacent —CH2— present in R11 and R12 may be each independently substituted by —O— and/or —S—, one or two or more hydrogen atoms present in R11 and R12 may be independently substituted by a fluorine atom or a chlorine atom, and p represents 0 or 1; and

as a second component, a compound group represented by general formula (II-E):

where R21 and R22 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, or an alkenyl group having 2 to 10 carbon atoms,
and one or two or more hydrogen atoms present in R21and R22 may be each independently substituted by a fluorine atom or a chlorine atom,

as a third component, a compounds represented by general formula (III-H),

where R31 and R32 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, an alkoxyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, an
alkenyl group having 2 to 10 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 10 carbon atoms.

US Pat. No. 9,637,466

LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOUND HAVING 2, 6-DIFLUOROPHENYL ETHER STRUCTURE AND LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION THEREOF

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

10. A production method comprising reacting a compound represented by general formula (2)

wherein in the formula, X1 represents a chlorine atom, a bromine atom, a methanesulfonyloxy group, a p-toluenesulfonyloxy group, or a hydroxyl group,
and A3, A4, A5, Z3, Z4, p, and r each independently represent the same meaning as A3, A4, A5, Z3, Z4, p, and r in the general formula (1) with a compound represented by general formula (3)


wherein in the formula, R, A1, A2, Z1, Z2, m, and n each independently represent the same meaning as R, A1, A2, Z1, Z2, m, and n in the general formula (1), thereby producing a compound represented by general formula (1),


wherein in the formula, R represents an alkyl group having 1 to 15 carbon atoms or an alkenyl group having 2 to 15 carbon
atoms, one —CH2— or two or more unadjacent —CH2— present in the group is/are optionally substituted by —O—, —S—, —COO—, —OCO—, or —CO—, and a hydrogen atom present in the
group is optionally substituted by a fluorine atom,

A1, A2, A3, and A4 each independently represent a group selected from the group consisting of

(a) a 1,4-cyclohexylene group wherein one —CH2— or two or more unadjacent —CH2— present in the group is/are optionally substituted by —O— or —S—;

(b) a 1,4-phenylene group wherein one —CH? or two or more unadjacent —CH? present in the group is/are optionally substituted
by —N?, and a hydrogen atom present in the group is optionally substituted by a fluorine atom; and

(c) a naphthalene-2,6-diyl group wherein a hydrogen atom present in the group is optionally substituted by a fluorine atom,
Z1, Z2, Z3, and Z4 each independently represent —CH2O—, —OCH2—, —CF2O—, —OCF2—, —CH2CH2—, —CF2CF2—, —CH?CH—, —CF?CF—, —C?C—, or a single bond,

A5 represents


wherein in the formulae, W represents a fluorine atom, a chlorine atom, a cyano group, —CF3, —OCH2F, —OCHF2, or —OCF3, and Y1, Y2, Y3, Y4, and Y5 each independently represent a fluorine atom, a chlorine atom, or a hydrogen atom, and

m, n, p, and r each independently represent 0 or 1, and m+n+p+r is 0, 1, 2, or 3.

US Pat. No. 9,573,923

LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOUND HAVING 2, 6-DIFLUOROPHENYLETHER STRUCTURE, AND LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION CONTAINING THE SAME

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A compound represented by general formula (1)
(where R represents an alkyl group having 1 to 15 carbon atoms or an alkenyl group having 2 to 15 carbon atoms and one —CH2— or two or more non-adjacent —CH2— in the group may each be substituted with —O—, —S—, —COO—, —OCO—, or —CO—,
A1, A2, A3, A4, and A5 each independently represent a group selected from the group consisting of
(a) a 1,4-cyclohexylene group (one —CH2— or two or more non-adjacent —CH2— in the group may each be substituted with —O— or —S—),(b) a 1,4-phenylene group (one —CH? or two or more non-adjacent —CH? in the group may each be substituted with —N? and a hydrogen
atom in the group may be substituted with a fluorine atom), and(c) a naphthalene-2,6-diyl group (a hydrogen atom in the group may be substituted with a fluorine atom),
at least one group selected from A1, A2, and A3 is a group represented by

(where X represents an oxygen atom),
Z1, Z2, Z3, Z4, and Z5 each independently represent —CH2O—, —OCH2—, —CF2O—, —OCF2—, —CH2CH2—, —CF2CF2—, —CH?CH—, —CF?CF—, —C—C—, or a single bond,

A6 represents

(where W represents a fluorine atom, a chlorine atom, a cyano group, —CF3, —OCH2F, —OCHF2, or —OCF3, and Y1, Y3, Y4, and Y5 each independently represent a fluorine atom, a chlorine atom, or a hydrogen atom), and
m, n, p, r, and s each independently represent 0 or 1, at least one selected from m, n, and p represents 1, m+n+p+r+s equals
1, 2, or 3, and at least one group selected from A1, A2, and A3 corresponding to m, n, and p representing 1 is

(where X represents an oxygen atom)).
US Pat. No. 9,487,687

BOOKBINDING ADHESIVE

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A bookbinding adhesive,
which includes a moisture-curing polyurethane hot-melt adhesive containing an urethane prepolymer having an isocyanate group,
which is obtained by reacting a polyol (A) with a polyisocyanate (B), wherein the polyol (A) contains a crystalline polyester
polyol (a-1), a polyether polyol (a-2) and acrylic polyol (a-3), the total amount of the polyol (a-1) and the polyol (a-2)
is 40% by mass or more based on the mass of the polyol (A), and the amount of the acrylic polyol (a-3) used is in the range
of from 1 to 30% by mass based on the mass of the polyol (A), wherein the polyol (A) further contains a polycaprolactone polyol
(a-4); and

which has a melt viscosity in the range of from 1,000 to 10,000 mPa·s, as measured at 120° C. by means of a cone plate viscometer,
exhibits a JIS A hardness of 20 or more, as measured with respect to the adhesive which is applied and allowed to stand for
30 minutes, in an atmosphere at 23° C., and exhibits a JIS A hardness of 95 or less, as measured with respect to the adhesive
which which is applied and allowed to stand for 30 minutes, in an atmosphere at 23° C., and is then allowed to stand in an
atmosphere at 23° C. and at a humidity of 50% for one week, a cured film of the adhesive having an upper yield stress of 7
MPa or less.

US Pat. No. 9,464,230

LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY ELEMENT USING SAME

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal composition, comprising:
one or more compounds represented by general formula (i) below;
one or more compounds selected from compounds represented by general formulae (ii-1) to (ii-4) below;
compounds represented by general formula (XI-1), formula (2.2), and formula (1.3) below; and
at least one compound selected from compounds represented by formula (10.1), formula (11.1), and formula (15.1) below,
wherein a total content of the compounds represented by any of general formula (i) and said one or more compounds selected
from compounds represented by general formulae (ii-1) to (ii-4) relative to a total amount of the composition is 13% by mass
or more and 28% by mass or less:

wherein in the formulae, Ri1, Ri2, and Rii1 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms where one —CH2— or two or more nonadjacent —CH2— in the alkyl group represented by Rii1 may each be independently substituted with —CH?CH—, —C?C—, —O—, —CO—, —COO—, or —OCO— and a hydrogen atom in the alkyl group
represented by Rii1 may be substituted with fluorine atom or a chlorine atom; Xi1, Xi2, Xi3, Xi4, Xii1, and Xii2 each independently represent a hydrogen atom or a fluorine atom; Aii1, Aii2, and Aii3 each independently represent a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group or a 1,4-phenylene group which may have a hydrogen atom substituted
with a fluorine atom or a chlorine atom;
in formula (ii-1), R10 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 5 carbon atoms, or an alkoxy group having
1 to 4 carbon atoms;

in formula (ii-2), R10 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 5 carbon atoms, or an alkoxy group having
1 to 4 carbon atoms;

in formula (ii-3), R10 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 5 carbon atoms, or an alkoxy group having
1 to 4 carbon atoms; and

in formula (ii-4), R10 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 5 carbon atoms, or an alkoxy group having
1 to 4 carbon atoms;


wherein the formula, R11 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 5 carbon atoms, or an alkoxy group having
1 to 4 carbon atoms;


US Pat. No. 9,464,231

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising a first substrate, a second substrate, a liquid crystal composition layer disposed
between the first substrate and the second substrate, a color filter including a black matrix and at least RGB three-color
pixels, a pixel electrode, and a common electrode, wherein
the liquid crystal composition layer contains a liquid crystal composition containing a compound represented by General Formula
(I) in an amount of 30 to 50%


(where R1 and R2 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy
group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms; and A represents a 1,4-phenylene group
or a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group), a compound represented by General Formula (II-1) in an amount of 5 to 30%


(where R3 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having
1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms; R4 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 4 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having
1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 3 to 8 carbon atoms; and Z3 represents a single bond, —CH?CH—, —C?C—, —CH2CH2—, —(CH2)4—, —COO—, —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —OCF2—, or —CF2O—), and a compound represented by General Formula (II-2) in an amount of 25 to 45%


(where R5 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having
1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms; R6 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 4 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having
1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 3 to 8 carbon atoms; B represents a 1,4-phenylene group or trans-1,4-cyclohexylene
group which is optionally substituted with a fluorine atom; and Z4 represents a single bond, —CH?CH—, —C?C—, —CH2CH2—, —(CH2)4—, —COO—, —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —OCF2—, or —CF2O—); and

the color filter contains an organic pigment, wherein
among whole particles of the organic pigment, particles having a particle size greater than 1000 nm have a volume fraction
of not more than 1%, and particles having a particle size ranging from 40 nm to 1000 nm have a volume fraction of not more
than 25%.

US Pat. No. 9,045,508

PHOSPHORUS-CONTAINING OLIGOMER AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME, CURABLE RESIN COMPOSITION AND CURED PRODUCT OF THE SAME, AND PRINTED WIRING BOARD

DIC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A method for producing a phosphorus-containing oligomer, the method comprising mixing a compound (a1) represented by structural
formula (a1-1) or (a1-2) below and a compound (a2) represented by structural formula (a2) below with each other at a molar
ratio of [compound (a1)/compound (a2)]=0.01/1.0 to 0.99/1.0; causing a reaction to proceed at 80° C. to 180° C. in the presence
of an acid catalyst; then adding the compound (a1) so that the total amount on a molar basis is 1.01 to 3.0 times the amount
of the compound (a2) charged; and causing a reaction to proceed at 120° C. to 200° C.,

(in the formula, R2, R3, R4, and R5 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, a phenyl group, or an aralkyl group)


(in the formula, R1 represents a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, or a phenyl
group).

US Pat. No. 10,470,312

METHOD FOR FORMING ELECTRICALLY CONDUCTIVE ULTRAFINE PATTERN, ELECTRICALLY CONDUCTIVE ULTRAFINE PATTERN, AND ELECTRIC CIRCUIT

DIC CORPORATION (TOKYO), ...

1. A method for forming an electrically conductive ultrafine pattern, the method comprising:(1) a step of applying a resin composition (a) to form a receiving layer (A) on a substrate;
(2) a step of printing an ink (b) containing particles (b1), thereby forming a core pattern (B) made of the ink (b) on the receiving layer (A) by a reverse offset printing method,
(3) firing or drying the printed core pattern (B) made of the particles (b1) which has been obtained at the step (2) to be a target core pattern for electrolytic plating on the receiving layer (A); and
(4) a step of depositing a metal on the target core pattern formed in the step (3), thereby plating the target core pattern on the receiving layer (A) by an electrolytic plating method,
wherein the resin composition (a) includes a urethane resin (al) having a weight average molecular weight of 5,000 or more or a vinyl resin (a2), and a medium (a3),
wherein the urethane resin (a1) has a hydrophilic group and 2,000 to 5,500 mmol/kg of an aliphatic cyclic structure with respect to the total mass,
wherein the vinyl resin (a2) is a vinylic copolymer containing 10 to 70 percent by mass of methyl methacrylate and 10 to 50 percent by mass of an alkyl (meth)acrylate having an alkyl group with 2 to 12 carbon atoms, and
wherein the ink (b) contains metal nano particles as the particles (b1) and an organic compound containing a basic nitrogen atom, the metal nano particles being protected by the organic compound and dispersed in the ink (b), and the urethane resin (a1) or the vinyl resin (a2) in the resin composition (a) has a functional group capable of performing a cross-linking reaction with the organic compound which protects the metal nano particles,
wherein the resin composition (a) includes composite resin particles each composed of a shell layer formed of the urethane resin (a1) and a core layer formed of the vinyl resin (a2).

US Pat. No. 10,119,075

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising a first substrate having a common electrode, a second substrate having a pixel electrode, and a liquid crystal composition layer disposed between the first and second substrates, wherein a charge is applied across the common electrode and the pixel electrode substantially perpendicularly to the first and second substrates to control liquid crystal molecules in the liquid crystal composition layer,at least one of the first and second substrates having a vertical alignment layer that controls the orientation of the liquid crystal molecules in the liquid crystal composition layer substantially perpendicularly to surfaces of the first and second substrates adjacent to the liquid crystal composition layer, the vertical alignment layer comprising a polymer of a monofunctional reactive-group-containing polymerizable compound and a polyfunctional reactive-group-containing polymerizable compound,
wherein the monofunctional reactive-group-containing polymerizable compound is a polymerizable compound represented by general formula (VI):

(wherein X3 is hydrogen or methyl; Sp3 is a single bond, an alkylene group of 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or —O—(CH2)t— (wherein t is an integer of 2 to 7, and the oxygen atom is linked to the aromatic ring); V is a linear or branched polyvalent alkylene group of 2 to 20 carbon atoms or a polyvalent cyclic substituent of 5 to 30 carbon atoms, wherein the alkylene group in the polyvalent alkylene group is optionally substituted with oxygen such that no oxygen atoms are adjacent to each other, is optionally substituted with an alkyl group of 5 to 20 carbon atoms (wherein the alkylene group in the group is optionally substituted with oxygen such that no oxygen atoms are adjacent to each other), and is optionally substituted with a cyclic substituent; and W is hydrogen, halogen, or an alkylene group of 1 to 8 carbon atoms); and
wherein the polyfunctional reactive-group-containing polymerizable compound is a polymerizable compound represented by general formula (V):

(wherein X1 and X2 are each independently hydrogen or methyl; Sp1 and Sp2 are each independently a single bond, an alkylene group of 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or —O—(CH2)s— (wherein s is an integer of 2 to 7, and the oxygen atom is linked to the aromatic ring); U is a linear or branched polyvalent alkylene group of 2 to 20 carbon atoms or a polyvalent cyclic substituent of 5 to 30 carbon atoms, wherein the alkylene group in the polyvalent alkylene group is optionally substituted with oxygen such that no oxygen atoms are adjacent to each other, is optionally substituted with an alkyl group of 5 to 20 carbon atoms (wherein the alkylene group in the group is optionally substituted with oxygen such that no oxygen atoms are adjacent to each other), and is optionally substituted with a cyclic substituent; and k is an integer of 1 to 5).

US Pat. No. 10,095,066

CINNAMIC ACID DERIVATIVE, POLYMER THEREOF, AND LIQUID CRYSTAL ALIGNMENT LAYER COMPRISING CURED PRODUCT THEREOF

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A polymer constituted with a cured product, wherein the cured product has a structural unit represented by the general formula (V):
wherein Sp1 and Sp2 each represent a spacer unit, A01 and A02 each independently represent a group selected from the group consisting of:
(a) a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group wherein one methylene group or two or more non-adjacent methylene groups present in this group may be substituted with —O—,—NH—, or —S—,
(b) a 1,4-phenylene group wherein one or two or more —CH?'s present in this group may be substituted with —N?, and
(c) a 1,4-cyclohexenylene group, a 2,5-thiophenylene group, a 2,5-furanylene group, a 1,4-bicyclo(2.2.2)octylene group, a naphthalene-1,4-diyl group, a naphthalene-2,6-diyl group, a decahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl group, and a 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl group, in which the group (a), (b), or (c) may be each unsubstituted or may have one or more hydrogen atoms substituted with a fluorine atom, a chlorine atom, a cyano group, a methyl group, or a methoxy group,
X1, X2, Y1 and Y2 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, a fluorine atom, a chlorine atom, a cyano group, or an alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, but a hydrogen atom in the alkyl group may be substituted with a fluorine atom, and one CH2 group or two or more non-adjacent CH2 groups may be substituted with —O—, —CO—O—, —O—CO—, —CH?CH—or a combination thereof,
Z is represented by the general formula (IIa) or (IIb):

in which the dashed line represents a bond to a carbon atom, to which Z is bonded, and
R1 R2 each independently represent a hydrogen atom or a linear or branched alkyl group having 1 to 30 carbon atoms, wherein one —CH2—group or two or more non-adjacent —CH2— groups in R1 and R2 may be substituted with —O—, —CO—, —CO—O—, —O—CO—, —CO—NH—, —NH—CO—, —NCH3—, —CH?CH—, —CF?CF—, —C?C—, or a combination thereof, wherein one or two or more —CH2— groups in R1 and R2 may be each independently substituted with a cycloalkyl group with a 3- to 8-membered ring, and a hydrogen atom in R1 and R2 may be substituted with an alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a cyano group, or a halogen atom,
W represents —O— or —NR3—, in which R3 represents a hydrogen atom, a linear or branched alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, or a cycloalkyl group with a 3- to 8-membered ring, which may have the alkyl group interposed therein as a linking group, a hydrogen atom in the alkyl group may be unsubstituted or may be substituted with a fluorine atom or a chlorine atom, a hydrogen atom in the cycloalkyl group may be unsubstituted or may be substituted with an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, a fluorine atom, or a chlorine atom, and r and t each independently represent 1 or 2, Mb and Md each represent a monomer unit of the polymer, y and w each represent a molar fraction of the copolymer, each satisfying 0

US Pat. No. 9,771,517

LIQUID-CRYSTAL OPTICAL MODULATION ELEMENT

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal light modulator, comprising:
two polarizers that have planes of polarization perpendicular to each other;
a first substrate and a second substrate disposed between the polarizers and holding a liquid crystal composition layer therebetween,
the liquid crystal composition layer containing a liquid crystal composition at least one of the first and second substrates
being transparent; and

a pair of electrode structures that generate an electric field generally parallel to a substrate face of said at least one
of the first substrate and the second substrate,

wherein at least one of the first substrate and the second substrate has a homeotropic alignment film and has a function of
aligning C-directors of liquid crystal molecules along one direction,

the one direction forms an azimuth angle in the range of 35 to 55 degrees with the direction of the electric field generated
by the pair of electrode structures,

the liquid crystal composition is a liquid crystal composition having an achiral smectic C phase having a negative dielectric
anisotropy, and

C-directors of liquid crystal molecules are aligned by the alignment function along the one direction at contact portions
between the liquid crystal composition layer and the first substrate and between the liquid crystal composition layer and
the second substrate, the C-directors of the liquid crystal molecules are parallel to each other between the first substrate
and the second substrate, the C-directors of the liquid crystal molecules are aligned at an azimuth angle in the range of
35 to 55 degrees with the electric field direction generally parallel to the substrate face, and light transmittance is modulated
by the electric field generated by the electrode structures changing the birefringence index of the liquid crystal composition
layer.

US Pat. No. 9,683,171

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising a first substrate, a second substrate, a liquid crystal composition layer disposed
between the first substrate and the second substrate, a color filter including a black matrix and at least RGB three-color
pixel portions, a pixel electrode, and a common electrode, wherein
the liquid crystal composition layer contains a liquid crystal composition containing a compound represented by general formula
(I) in an amount of 30 to 50%


 (where R1 and R2 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy
group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms; and A represents a 1,4-phenylene group
or a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group), a compound represented by general formula (II-1) in an amount of 5 to 30%


 (where R3 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having
1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms; R4 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 4 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having
1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 3 to 8 carbon atoms; and Z3 represents a single bond, —CH?CH—, —C?C—, —CH2CH2—, —(CH2)4—, —COO—, —OCO—, —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —OCF2—, or —CF2O—), and a compound represented by general formula (II-2) in an amount of 25 to 45%


 (where R5 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having
1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms; R6 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 4 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having
1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 3 to 8 carbon atoms; B represents a 1,4-phenylene group or trans-1,4-cyclohexylene
group which is optionally substituted with a fluorine atom; and Z4 represents a single bond, —CH?CH—, —C?C—, —CH2CH2—, —(CH2)4—, —COO—, —OCO—, —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —OCF2—, or —CF2O—), and

the R pixel portion of the RGB three-color pixel portions contains a colorant that is a red diketopyrrolopyrrole pigment having
an average primary particle size of 5 to 50 nm determined by small angle X-ray scattering.

US Pat. No. 9,637,684

COMPOSITION AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY ELEMENT USING SAME

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A composition comprising:
one or more compounds represented by General Formula (i);
one or more compounds represented by General Formula (M-1);
one or more compounds represented by General Formula (M-4); and
one or more compounds represented by General Formula (M-3),

wherein Ri1, RM11, and RM41 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms,

XM11 to XM15 and XM41 to XM48 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, a fluorine atom, or a chlorine atom,

YM11 and YM41 each independently represent a fluorine atom or —OCF3,

RM31 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 5 carbon atoms, or an alkoxy group having
1 to 4 carbon atoms,

XM31 to XM36 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, or a fluorine atom, and

YM31 represents a fluorine atom, a chlorine atom, or OCF3.

US Pat. No. 9,624,433

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising a first substrate, a second substrate, a liquid crystal layer containing a liquid
crystal composition and disposed between the first and second substrates, and a cured product of a curable resin composition
which is cured by being exposed to an energy ray or heat, the first and second substrates being attached to each other by
the cured product, wherein the liquid crystal composition contains at least one compound represented by General Formula (I)

(where R31 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having
2 to 10 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 10 carbon atoms; M31 to M33 each independently represent a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group or a 1,4-phenylene group, one or two —CH2— moieties of the trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group are optionally substituted with —O— such that oxygen atoms do not directly
adjoin each other, and one or two hydrogen atoms of the phenylene group are optionally substituted with fluorine atoms; X31 and X32 each independently represent a hydrogen atom or a fluorine atom; Z31 represents a fluorine atom, a trifluoromethoxy group, or a trifluoromethyl group; n31 and n32 each independently represent 0, 1, or 2, and n31+n32 is equal to 0, 1, or 2; in the case where M31 is multiple, the multiple M31's are the same as or different from each other; and in the case where M33 is multiple, the multiple M33's are the same as or different from each other) and at least one compound selected from the group consisting of compounds
represented by General Formulae (II-b) to (II-f)


(where R21 to R30 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, or an
alkenyl group having 2 to 10 carbon atoms; and X21 represents a hydrogen atom or a fluorine atom), and the curable resin composition contains a compound having at least one
(meth)acrylic group and at least one epoxy group per molecule and has a hydrogen-bonding functional group value from 3×10?3 to 5×10?3 mol/g.

US Pat. No. 10,047,479

PRINTING AGENT, PRINTED FABRIC, AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING PRINTING AGENT

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A printing agent comprising a pigment, a pigment dispersant, water, an organic solvent, and a binder resin, the pigment dispersant being a polymer (A) including an anionic group, the polymer (A) having a solubility in water of 0.1 g/100 ml or less, a number-average molecular weight of 1000 to 6000, and an acid value of 40 to 400 mgKOH/g.

US Pat. No. 10,040,997

NEMATIC LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY ELEMENT INCLUDING SAME

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A nematic liquid crystal composition comprising at least one compound represented by general formula (I):
wherein in the formula, R11 and R12 each represent an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms or an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, —CH2— or nonadjacent two or more —CH2—'s in the group may be independently replaced with —O— or —S—, one or two or more hydrogen atoms present in the group may be independently replaced with a fluorine atom or a chlorine atom,
L11 represents a single bond,
m11 represents 1,
ring A1 represents a 1,4-phenylene group, ring B1 independently represents a 1,4-phenylene group,and at least one compound selected from the group consisting of compounds represented by general formulae (IV-1) to (IV-3):wherein in each of the formulae, R5 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms or an alkenyl group having 2 to 5 carbon atoms, R6 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, an alkoxyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 5 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 5 carbon atoms and wherein the content of compounds represented by general formula (I) is at least 3% by mass.

US Pat. No. 10,035,921

WATER-BASED INK FOR INKJET RECORDING

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A water-based ink for inkjet recording, comprising a pigment, water, organic solvents, at least one compound selected from urea compounds, and a binder resin,wherein the organic solvents include at least:
(1) a water-soluble organic solvent having a boiling point of from 100° C. to 200° C. inclusive and a vapor pressure at 20° C. of 0.5 hPa or more,
(2) propylene glycol, and
(3) glycerin, diglycerin, and/or a derivative thereof serving as an organic solvent, and
(4) a polymer (A) serving as a pigment dispersant, the polymer (A) having an anionic group and having a solubility in water of 0.1 g/100 mL or less, a number average molecular weight within the range of 1,000 to 6,000, and an acid value within the range of 40 to 190 mg KOH/g.

US Pat. No. 10,000,657

FLUORINE-CONTAINING URETHANE (METH)ACRYLATE, CURABLE COMPOSITION, AND ANTIREFLECTIVE FILM

DIC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A fluorine-containing urethane (meth)acrylate represented by General Formula (I) and having a fluorine atom content ranging from 25 to 60 mass %where R1 and R2 each independently represent a fluorinated alkyl group in which the number of carbon atoms to which fluorine atoms are directly bonded is from 2 to 6 or a fluorinated alkyl group which has a bond via an oxygen atom and in which the number of carbon atoms to which fluorine atoms are directly bonded is from 2 to 6 in total; R3 and R4 each represent a hydrogen atom or a methyl group; A represents a trivalent linking group represented by any of Structural Formulae (A1) to (A4); and X and Y each independently represent a divalent linking group represented by any of Structural Formulae (a) to (c)in Structural Formula (c), R5 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms.

US Pat. No. 9,708,535

LIQUID CRYSTAL ALIGNMENT LAYER

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A photoalignment layer obtained by exposure to polarized UV radiation, the photoalignment layer comprising a polymer comprising
(a) a photochemically isomerizable, photochemically uncrosslinkable segment and (b) a photochemically crosslinkable segment,
the polymer comprising a structure represented by general formula (I):
(wherein
L is a polymerizable group, and Sp is a spacer unit;
A is a group selected from the group consisting of:
(a) a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group (wherein one or more non-adjacent methylene groups present in this group are optionally
replaced with —O—, —NH—, or —S—)

(b) a 1,4-phenylene group (wherein one or more —CH? groups present in this group are optionally replaced with —N?), and
(c) 1,4- cyclohexenylene, 2,5-thiophenylene, 2,5-furanylene, 1,4-bicyclo(2.2.2)octylene, naphthalene-1,4-diyl, naphthalene-2,6-diyl,
decahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl, and 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl groups,

wherein groups (a), (b), and (c) may each be unsubstituted or have one or more hydrogen atoms replaced with a fluorine atom,
a chlorine atom, a cyano group, a methyl group, or a methoxy group;

r is 0, 1, or 2, wherein if r is 2, each occurrence of A may be the same or different;
X and Y are each independently a hydrogen atom, a fluorine atom, a chlorine atom, a cyano group, or an alkyl group of 1 to
20 carbon atoms, wherein any hydrogen atom in the alkyl group is optionally replaced with a fluorine atom, and one or more
non-adjacent CH2 groups in the alkyl group are optionally replaced with —O—, —CO—O—, —O—CO—, and/or —CH?CH—; and

Z is represented by general formula (IIa) or (IIb):
(wherein
the dashed line is a linkage to a carbon atom to which Z is linked; and
R1 and R2 are each independently a hydrogen atom or a linear or branched alkyl group of 1 to 30 carbon atoms, wherein one or more non-adjacent
—CH2— groups in R1 and R2 are optionally replaced with —O—, —CO—, —CO—O—, —O—CO—, —CO—NH—, —NH—CO—, —NCH3—, —CH?CH—, —CF?CF—, and/or —C?C—, one or more —CH2— groups in R1 and R2 are each independently optionally replaced with a cycloalkyl group of 3 to 8 members, and any hydrogen atom in R1 and R2 is optionally replaced with an alkyl group of 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a cyano group, or a halogen atom)), wherein the photoalignment
layer has a maximum ?A (=A1-A2, wherein A1 is the absorbance in a direction parallel to a vibration direction of the polarized
UV radiation, and A2 is the absorbance in a direction perpendicular to the vibration direction of the polarized UV radiation)
of 0.35 or more per micrometer of layer thickness in a range of 230 to 380 mn.

US Pat. No. 9,650,572

LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION, LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE, AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal composition comprising at least one compound represented by General Formula (i-c-2) and at least one compound
represented by General Formula (ii)

where
Rii1 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms; and one —CH2— or at least two —CH2— not adjoining each other in the alkyl group are each independently optionally substituted with —CH?CH—, —C?C—, —O—, —CO—,
—COO—, or —OCO—;

Rii2 represents a fluorine atom, a chlorine atom, a cyano group, or an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms; one —CH2— or at least two —CH2— not adjoining each other in the alkyl group are each independently optionally substituted with —CH?CH—, —C?C—, —O—, —CO—,
—COO—, or —OCO—; and one or two or more hydrogen atoms of the alkyl group are each independently optionally substituted with
a fluorine atom;

Aii1 and Aii2 each independently represent a 1,4-cyclohexylene group of which one —CH2— or at least two —CH2— not adjoining each other are optionally substituted with —O— or a 1,4-phenylene group of which at least one hydrogen atom
is optionally substituted with a fluorine atom;

Zii1 and Zii2 each independently represent a single bond, —CH2CH2—, —(CH2)4—, —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —OCF2—, —CF2O—, —COO—, —OCO—, or —C?C—;

mii1 and mii2 each independently represent 0, 1, 2, or 3; and

mii1+mii2 is equal to 1, 2, 3, or 4;

in the case where Aii1 and Zii1 are multiple, the Aii1 moieties and the Zii1 moieties are the same as or different from each other, respectively; and

in the case where Aii2 and Zii2 are multiple, the Aii2 moieties and the Zii2 moieties are the same as or different from each other, respectively,

wherein at least one compound represented by General Formula (ii) in which Rii2 represents a fluorine atom, a trifluoromethyl group, a trifluoromethoxy group, or a cyano group, mii1 is 0, mii2 is 3, at least one Zii2 is —CF2O—, and at least one Aii2 represents a 1,4-phenylene group of which at least one hydrogen atom of one 1,4-phenylene group is substituted with a fluorine
atom is used.

US Pat. No. 9,629,253

METHOD FOR FORMING HIGH-DEFINITION METAL PATTERN, HIGH-DEFINITION METAL PATTERN, AND ELECTRONIC COMPONENT

DIC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A method for forming a high-definition metal pattern, the method comprising the steps of:
(1) forming a receiving layer on a substrate by coating the substrate with a resin composition, the resin composition including
a urethane resin having a weight-average molecular weight of five thousand or more or a vinyl resin, and a medium;

wherein the urethane resin includes an alicyclic structure and a hydrophilic group, the content of the alicyclic structure
being 2000 to 5500 mmol/kg relative to the total amount of the urethane resin, and

wherein the vinyl resin is produced by polymerizing a vinyl monomer mixture of 10% to 70% by mass of methyl methacrylate and
10% to 50% by mass of a (meth)acrylic acid alkyl ester including an alkyl group having 2 to 12 carbon atoms,

(2) forming a plating-core pattern on the receiving layer by printing an ink on the receiving layer by reverse offset printing,
the ink including a particle that serves as a plating core; and

(3) depositing a metal on the plating-core pattern formed in the step (2) by electroless plating.
US Pat. No. 9,605,174

ACTIVE ENERGY RAY CURABLE AQUEOUS RESIN COMPOSITION, ACTIVE ENERGY RAY CURABLE AQUEOUS COATING MATERIAL, AND ARTICLE COATED WITH THE COATING MATERIAL

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. An active energy ray curable aqueous resin composition prepared by:
reacting an acrylic resin (A), a polyisocyanate compound (B), and a (meth)acrylate (C) having a hydroxyl group to form an
active energy ray curable resin; and

dispersing the active energy ray curable resin in an aqueous medium,
wherein the acrylic resin (A) is produced by copolymerizing an acrylic monomer (a1) having a polyoxyalkylene group, an acrylic
monomer (a2) having a hydroxyl group, and an acrylic monomer (a3) other than the acrylic monomer (al)) and the acrylic monomer
(a2) as essential raw materials,

a ratio by mass of the acrylic monomer (a1) in the monomer components as the raw materials of the acrylic resin (A) is in
a range of 30 to 90% by mass,

a ratio by mass of the acrylic monomer (a2) in the monomer components is in a range of 2 to 30% by mass, and
a mass ratio ((A)/(C)) of the acrylic resin (A) and the (meth)acrylate (C) is in a range of 0.2 to 8.0, and
wherein the active energy ray curable resin is curable by irradiation.

US Pat. No. 9,605,208

NEMATIC LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal composition having a positive dielectric anisotropy and containing one or more compounds selected from
compounds represented by general formula (LC0) and one or more compounds selected from a group of compounds represented by
general formula (LC1) to general formula (LC5), wherein the liquid crystal composition contains one or more compounds in which
at least one of A01 and A02 in general formula (LC0) represents a tetrahydropyran-2,5-diyl group:
wherein in the formulae, R01 to R41 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 15 carbon atoms where one or more —CH2— in the alkyl group may each be substituted with —O—, —CH?CH—, —CO—, —OCO—, —COO—, —C?C—, —CF2O—, or —OCF2— so long as oxygen atoms are not directly adjacent to each other and one or more hydrogen atoms in the alkyl group may each
be substituted with a halogen; R51 and R52 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 15 carbon atoms where one or more —CH2— in the alkyl group may each be substituted with —O—, —CH?CH—, —CO—, —OCO—, —COO—, or —C?C— so long as oxygen atoms are not
directly adjacent to each other, and may each represent —OCF3 or —CF3 when A51 or A53 described below represents a cyclohexane ring; A01 to A42 each independently represent any one of structures below:
wherein in the structures, one or more —CH2— in the cyclohexane ring may each be substituted with —O— so long as oxygen atoms are not directly adjacent to each other;
in the structures, one or more —CH? in the benzene ring may each be substituted with —N? so long as nitrogen atoms are not
directly adjacent to each other; and X61 and X62 each independently represent —H, —Cl, —F, —CF3, or —OCF3; A51 to A53 each independently represent any one of structures below:
wherein in the formulae, one or more —CH2CH2— in the cyclohexane ring may each be substituted with —CH?CH—, —CF2O—, or —OCF2— and one or more —CH? in the benzene ring may each be substituted with —N? so long as nitrogen atoms are not directly adjacent
to each other; X01 represents a hydrogen atom or a fluorine atom; X11 to X43 each independently represent —H, —Cl, —F, —CF3, or —OCF3; Y01 to Y41 each represent —Cl, —F, —OCHF2, —CF3, or —OCF3; Z01 and Z02 each independently represent a single bond, —CH?CH—, —C?C—, —CH2CH2—, —(CH2)4—, —OCF2—, or —CF2O—; Z31 to Z42 each independently represent a single bond, —CH?CH—, —C?C—, —CH2CH2—, —(CH2)4—, —OCF2—, or —CF2O— where at least one of Z31 and Z32 that are present represents a group other than a single bond; Z51 and Z52 each independently represent a single bond, —CH?CH—, —C?—, —CH2CH2—, —(CH2)4—, —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —OCF2— or —CF2O—; m01 to m51 each independently represent an integer of 0 to 3; m01+m02, m31+m32, and m41+m42 are each independently 1, 2, 3, or 4; and when a plurality of A01, A03, A23, A31, A32, A41, A42, A52, Z01, Z02, Z31, Z32, Z41, Z42, and/or Z52 are present, they may be the same or different.

US Pat. No. 9,389,462

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE AND USEFUL LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising:
a first substrate;
a second substrate; and
a liquid crystal composition layer having negative dielectric anisotropy that is interposed between the first substrate and
the second substrate,

the liquid crystal display device having a plurality of pixels, with each of the pixels being independently controllable,
the pixel comprising a pair of a pixel electrode and a common electrode,

wherein the pixel electrode and the common electrode are provided on at least one substrate between the first substrate and
second substrate, and the long axis of liquid crystal molecules in the liquid crystal composition layer being in a substantial
vertical alignment or a hybrid alignment with respect to at least one substrate,

wherein the liquid crystal composition of the liquid crystal composition layer comprises two or more kinds of compounds selected
from the group of compounds represented by General Formula (LC1) to General Formula (LC5):


wherein R1 and R2 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 15 carbon atoms; one or more CH2 groups in the alkyl group are substituted by —O—, —CH?CH—, —CO—, —OCO—, —COO—, —CF2O— or —OCF2— such that O atoms are not directly adjacent to each other; one or more H atoms in the alkyl group may be optionally substituted
by halogen; A1 and A2 each independently represent any one of the following structures:


wherein one or more CH2 groups of the cyclohexane ring in the structures may be substituted by 0 atoms; one or more CH groups of the benzene ring
in the structures may be substituted by N atoms; and one or more H atoms may be substituted by Cl, CF3 or OCF3; Z1 to Z4 each independently represent a single bond, —CH?CH—, —CH2CH2—, —(CH2)4—, —COO—, —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —OCF2— or —CF2O—, while at least one of Z1 and Z2 is not a single bond; Z5 represents a CH2 group or an O atom; m1 and m2 each independently represent 0 to 3, and m1+m2 is 1, 2 or 3.

US Pat. No. 10,508,224

EASILY PEELABLE ADHESIVE TAPE, ARTICLE, AND METHOD FOR DISASSEMBLING ARTICLE

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. An peelable adhesive tape comprisingan active energy ray-curable layer on at least one surface of a base material and
an adhesive layer on a surface side of the active energy ray-curable layer,
the active energy ray-curable layer having a storage modulus (G?a25) of less than 1.0×106 Pa as measured at a temperature of 25° C. and a frequency of 1.0 Hz,
the active energy ray-curable layer comprises a polyurethane having a polymerizable unsaturated double bond and a (meth)acrylate compound having two to four polymerizable unsaturated double bonds,
wherein an amount of the (meth)acrylate compound having two to four polymerizable unsaturated double bonds is 5 parts by mass to 30 parts by mass with respect to 100 parts by mass of the polyurethane.

US Pat. No. 10,047,289

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising:first and second opposing substrates;
a liquid crystal layer comprising a liquid crystal composition between the first and second substrates;
a plurality of gate lines and data lines arranged in a matrix on the first substrate;
thin-film transistors disposed at intersections of the gate lines and the data lines; and
pixel electrodes that are driven by the transistors and that comprise a transparent conductive material,
each thin-film transistor comprising a gate electrode, an oxide semiconductor layer disposed over the gate electrode with an insulating layer therebetween, and source and drain electrodes electrically connected to the oxide semiconductor layer,
wherein formula (LC-I) is expressed as
in which R31 is an alkyl group of 1 to 10 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group of 1 to 10 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group of 2 to 10 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group of 2 to 10 carbon atoms,each of M31 to M33 represents one of following structures,

M34 represents

in which X31 and X32 are each independently hydrogen or fluorine, and Y31 is fluorine, chlorine, cyano, —CF3, —OCH2F, —OCHF2, or —OCF3,
n31 and n32 are each independently 0, 1, or 2, with the proviso that n31+n32 is 0, 1, or 2, wherein each occurrence of M31 and M33, if present, may be the same or different, and n33 is 0 or 1,
wherein the liquid crystal composition comprises:
at least one compound selected from the group consisting of compounds represented by general formula (LC-I) in which n33 is 1;
at least one compound selected from the group consisting of compounds represented by general formula (LC-I) in which n33 is 0;
at least one compound selected from the group consisting of compounds represented by general formula (II-b); and
optionally at least one compound selected from the group consisting of compounds represented by general formulas (II-a) and (II-c) to (II-f):
wherein R19 to R30 are each independently an alkyl group of 1 to 10 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group of 1 to 10 carbon atoms, or an alkenyl group of 2 to 10 carbon atoms; and X21 is hydrogen or fluorine,wherein the compounds represented by general formulas (II-a) to (II-f) are included in an amount of 5% to 80% by mass in the liquid crystal composition.

US Pat. No. 10,011,771

LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION CONTAINING POLYMERIZABLE COMPOUND AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY ELEMENT USING SAME

DIC CORPORATION (TOKYO), ...

1. A polymerizable-compound-containing liquid crystal composition, comprising:a first component consisting of, one or two or more kinds of polymerizable compounds represented by general formula (I):

wherein R1 and R2 are the same and represent any one of the following formulae (R-1) to (R-15), S1 and S2 each independently represent an alkylene group having 1 to 12 carbon atoms or a single bond, a methylene group in the alkylene group may be substituted with an oxygen atom, a sulfur atom, —CO—, —COO—, —OCO—, —OCOO— or —CH?CH— as long as oxygen atoms are not directly bonded to each other, provided that at least one of S1 and S2 is not a single bond, and X1 to X12 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, a trifluoromethyl group, a trifluoromethoxy group, or a methyl group

as a second component, one or two or more kinds of compounds represented by general formula (II):
R21-M21-L21-M22-(L22-M23)o-R22  (II)
wherein R21 and R22 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms or an alkenyl group having 2 to 10 carbon atoms, one methylene group or two or more non-adjacent methylene groups present in these groups may be substituted with —O— or —S—, and one or two or more hydrogen atoms present in these groups may be substituted with a fluorine atom or a chlorine atom,
M21, M22, and M23 each independently represent a group selected from the group consisting of (a) a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group (one methylene group or two or more non-adjacent methylene groups present in the group may be substituted with —O— or —S—), (b) a 1,4-phenylene group (one —CH? or two or more non-adjacent (—CH?)'s present in the group may be substituted with a nitrogen atom), a 3-fluoro-1,4-phenylene group, a 3,5-difluoro-1,4-phenylene group, and (c) a 1,4-cyclohexenylene group, a 1,4-bicyclo[2,2,2]octylene group, a piperidine-2,5-diyl group, a naphthalene-2,6-diyl group, a decahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl group, and a 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl group,
o represents 0, 1, or 2, and
L21 and L22 each independently represent a single bond, —CH2CH2—, —(CH2)4—, —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —OCF2—, —CF2O—, —CH?CH—, —CH?N—N?CH—, or —C?C—, and when a plurality of L22's and/or M23's are present, they may be the same as or different from each other, and
as a third component, at least one compound selected from the group consisting of the compounds represented by general formulae (IVa-2c) and (IVa-3d):

wherein R47 and R48 each independently represent and alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, and alkoxyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms), and optionally a compound selected from the group consisting of compounds represented by general formulae (IVa), (IVb), and (IVc):

wherein R41, R42, R43, R44, R45, and R46 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms or an alkenyl group having 2 to 10 carbon atoms, and one methylene group or two or more non-adjacent methylene groups present in these groups may be substituted with —O— or —S—, and one or two or more of hydrogen atoms present in these groups may be substituted with a fluorine atom or a chloride atom,
M41, M42, M43, M44, M45, M46, M47, M48, and M49 each independently represent a group selected from the group consisting of (d) a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group (one methylene group or two or more non-adjacent methylene groups present in the group may be substituted with —O— or —S—), (e) a 1,4-phenylene group (one —CH? or two or more non-adjacent (—CH?)'s present in the group may be substituted with a nitrogen atom), and (f) a 1,4-cyclohexenylene group, a 1,4-bicyclo[2,2,2]octylene group, a piperidine-2,5-diyl group, a naphthalene-2,6-diyl group, a 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl group, and a decahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl group, and a hydrogen atom contained in the groups (d), (e), and (f) may be substituted with a cyano group, a fluorine atom, a trifluoromethyl group, a trifluoromethoxy group, or a chlorine atom,
L41, L42, L43, L44, L45, L46, L47, L48 and L49 each independently represent a single bond, —COO—, —OCO—, —CH2CH2—, —(CH2)4—, —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —OCF2—, —CF2O—, or —C?C?, and when a plurality of M42, M43, M45, M46, M48, M49, L41, L43, L44, L46, L47, and/or L49 are present, they may be the same as or different from each other,
X41, X42, X43, X44, X45, X46, X47, and X48 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, a trifluoromethyl group, a trifluoromethoxy group, or a fluorine atom, any one of X41 and X42 represents a fluorine atom, any one of X43, X44, and X45 represents a fluorine atom, any one of X46, X47, and X48 represents a fluorine atom, provided that X46 and X47 do not represent a fluorine atom and X46 and X48 do not represent a fluorine atom at the same time,
G represents a methylene group or —O—, and
u, v, w, x, y, and z each independently represent 0, 1, or 2, and u+v, w+x, and y+z are each 2 or less;
wherein the liquid crystal composition contains the first component in the range of 0.01% by mass to 2% by mass, the second component in the range of 5% by mass to 70% by mass and the third component in the range of 5% by mass to 70% by mass.

US Pat. No. 9,939,555

CINNAMIC ACID DERIVATIVE, POLYMER THEREOF, AND LIQUID CRYSTAL ALIGNMENT LAYER COMPRISING CURED PRODUCT THEREOF

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A compound represented by the general formula (I):
(wherein L represents a polymerizable group and Sp represents a spacer unit,
A represents a group selected from the group consisting of:
(a) a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group (one methylene group or two or more non-adjacent methylene groups present in this group may be substituted with —O—, —NH—, or —S—),
(b) a 1,4-phenylene group (one or two or more —CH?'s present in this group may be substituted with —N?), and
(c) a 1,4-cyclohexenylene group, a 2,5-thiophenylene group, a 2,5-furanylene group, a 1,4-bicyclo(2.2.2)octylene group, a naphthalene-1,4-diyl group, a naphthalene-2,6-diyl group, a decahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl group, and a 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl group, in which the groups (a), (b), and (c) have one or more hydrogen atoms substituted with a fluorine atom, a chlorine atom, a cyano group, a methyl group, or a methoxy group,
r represents 1 or 2, but in the case where r represents 2, a plurality of A's, may be the same as or different from each other,
X and Y each independently represent a hydrogen atom, a fluorine atom, a chlorine atom, a cyano group, or an alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, but a hydrogen atom in the alkyl group may be substituted with a fluorine atom, and one CH2 group or two or more non-adjacent CH2 groups may be substituted with —O—, —CO—O—, —O—CO— and/or —CH?CH—, and
Z is represented by the general formula (IIa) or (IIb):

(wherein the broken line represents a bond to a carbon atom, to which Z is bonded,
R9 represents a linear or branched alkyl group having 2 to 30 carbon atoms, in which one —CH2— group or two or more non-adjacent —CH2— groups in R9 are substituted with —O—, —CO—, —CO—O—, —O—CO—, —CO—NH—, —NH—CO—, —NCH3—, —CH?CH—, —CF?CF—, and/or —C?C—, one or two or more —CH2— groups in R9 are independently substituted with a cycloalkyl group having a ring member number of 3 to 8, and/or a hydrogen atom in R9 is substituted with a cyano group, or a halogen atom, and
R1 and R2 each independently represent a hydrogen atom or a linear or branched alkyl group having 1 to 30 carbon atoms in which one —CH2— group or two or more non-adjacent —CH2— groups in R1 and R2 may be substituted with —O—, —CO—, —CO—O—, —O—CO—, —CO—NH—, —NH—CO—, —NCH3—, —CH?CH—, —CF?CF—, and/or —C?C—, one or two or more —CH2— groups in R1 and R2 may be each independently substituted with a cycloalkyl group having a ring member number of 3 to 8, and a hydrogen atom in R1 and R2 may be substituted with an alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a cyano group, or a halogen atom).

US Pat. No. 9,815,973

EPOXY ESTER COMPOUND, CELLULOSE ESTER RESIN COMPOSITION, OPTICAL FILM, AND LIQUID-CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A mixture of epoxy ester compounds represented by the following Formula (1):

wherein R1 to R4 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 3 carbon atoms, A's each represent an aromatic group (a1) or an aliphatic
group (a2) having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, and the average presence ratio (a1):(a2) of the aromatic groups (a1) to the aliphatic
groups (a2) is from 99.9:0.1 to 80:20 in terms of a molar ratio.

US Pat. No. 9,657,142

POLYARYLENE SULFIDE RESIN AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREFOR, POLY(ARYLENE SULFONIUM SALT) AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREFOR, AND SULFOXIDE

DIC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A method for manufacturing a polyarylene sulfide resin comprising:
reacting a sulfoxide represented by the following formula (1) with an aromatic compound represented by the following formula
(2) to obtain a poly(arylenesulfonium salt) having a constitutional unit represented by the following formula (10); and

dealkylating or dearylating the poly(arylenesulfonium salt) to obtain a polyarylene sulfide resin having a constitutional
unit represented by the following formula (20):


wherein in formula (1), (2), (10) or (20),
R1 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms or an aryl group optionally having an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon
atoms;

R2a represents a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, —Ar4, —S—Ar4, —O—Ar4, —CO—Ar4, —SO2—Ar4 or —C(CF3)2—Ar4;

R2b represents a direct bond, —Ar6—, —S—Ar6—, —O—Ar6—, —CO—Ar6—, —SO2—Ar6— or —C(CF3)2—Ar6—;

Ar1, Ar2, Ar3b and Ar6 each independently represent an arylene group optionally having a substituent;

Ar3a and Ar4 each independently represent an aryl group optionally having a substituent;

Z represents a direct bond, —S—, —O—, —CO—, —SO2— or —C(CF3)2—; and

X? represents an anion.

US Pat. No. 9,464,229

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal display device, comprising:
a first substrate and a second substrate disposed so as to face each other;
a liquid crystal layer containing a liquid crystal composition and sandwiched between the first substrate and the second substrate;
a common electrode composed of a transparent conductive material and disposed on the first substrate;
a plurality of gate bus lines and a plurality of data bus lines disposed on the first substrate so as to form a matrix;
a thin film transistor disposed at each of intersections of the gate bus lines and the data bus lines;
a pixel electrode composed of a transparent conductive material and driven by the transistor, the thin film transistor and
the pixel electrode being included in each pixel; and

alignment films that induce homogeneous alignment and are disposed between the liquid crystal layer and the first substrate
and between the liquid crystal layer and the second substrate, alignment directions of the alignment films being parallel
to each other,

wherein an interelectrode distance R between the pixel electrode and the common electrode is smaller than a distance G between
the first substrate and the second substrate so that a fringing field is formed between the pixel electrode and the common
electrode,

the common electrode is disposed on substantially an entire surface of the first substrate so as to be closer to the first
substrate than the pixel electrode, and

the liquid crystal composition has a negative dielectric anisotropy, a nematic phase-isotropic liquid phase transition temperature
of 60° C. or higher, and an absolute value of dielectric anisotropy of 2 or more and contains at least one compound selected
from the group of compounds represented by general formula (I) below,

(in the formula, R1 and R2 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy
group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms; A represents a 1,4-phenylene group or
a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group; k represents 1 or 2; and when k represents 2, two A may be the same or different), at least
one compound selected from the group of compounds represented by general formula (II) below,
(in the formula, R3 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having
1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms; R4 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 4 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having
1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 3 to 8 carbon atoms; B represents a 1,4-phenylene group or a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene
group; m represents 0, 1, or 2; and when m represents 2, two B may be the same or different), and at least one compound selected
from the group of compounds represented by general formula (III) below,
(in the formula, R5 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms; R6 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms or an alkoxy group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms; n represents 0 or 1; Y1 and Y2 each independently represent a hydrogen atom or a fluorine atom, but at least one of Y1 and Y2 represents a fluorine atom).

US Pat. No. 9,120,968

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising a first substrate, a second substrate, a liquid crystal composition layer held
between the first substrate and the second substrate, a color filter including a black matrix and an RGB three-color pixel
portion, a pixel electrode, and a common electrode,
wherein the liquid crystal composition layer is composed of a liquid crystal composition including one or more compounds selected
from a compound group represented by General Formula (LC1) to General Formula (LC4):


(where R1 and R2 each independently represent an alkyl group having a carbon number of 1 to 15; one or more CH2 groups of the alkyl group may be substituted by —O—, —CH?CH—, —CO—, —OCO—, —COO—, —C?C—, —CF2O—, or —OCF2— so that an oxygen atom is not directly adjacent to another oxygen atom; one or more hydrogen atoms of the alkyl group may
optionally be substituted by a halogen; A1 and A2 each independently represent any one of the following structures:


(in these structures, one or more CH2 groups of the cyclohexane ring may be substituted by an oxygen atom, one or more CH groups of the benzene ring may be substituted
by a nitrogen atom, and one or more hydrogen atoms may be substituted by F, Cl, CF3, or OCF3); Z1 to Z4 each independently represent a single bond, —CH?CH—, —C?C—, —CH2CH2—, —(CH2)4—, —COO—, —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —OCF2—, or —CF2O—; Z5 represents a CH2 group or an oxygen atom; at least one of Z1 and Z2is not a single bond; l1 represents 0 or 1; m1 and m2 each independently represent 0 to 3; and m1+m2is 1, 2, or 3), and

wherein,in the RGB three-color pixel portion, an R pixel portion includes, as a coloring material, a diketopyrrolopyrrole-based
red pigment having an average primary particle size of 5 to 50 nm as measured by small angle X-ray scattering.

US Pat. No. 10,336,939

STABILIZER COMPOUND, LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION, AND DISPLAY DEVICE

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A compound represented by the formula (I-b)wherein in the formula, RH3, RH4, and RH5 are each independently a hydrogen atom, and nH1 and nH2 each independently represent an integer of 1 to 4.
US Pat. No. 10,240,044

AQUEOUS PIGMENT DISPERSION AND AQUEOUS INK

DIC CORPORATION (TOKYO), ...

1. A method of performing printing on a recording material, the method comprising:applying to the recording material an aqueous ink composition comprising a pigment, an anionic group-containing organic polymer compound, and unmodified bio-nanofibers having an average diameter of 1 nm or more and 50 nm or less and an aspect ratio of 100 or more; and
drying the aqueous ink composition on the recording material.
US Pat. No. 9,725,596

POLYARYLENE SULFIDE RESIN COMPOSITION AND MOLDED BODY

DIC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A polyarylene sulfide resin composition comprising a polyarylene sulfide resin (A), an epoxy resin (B), glass fiber (C1),
and glass flake (C2),
wherein the amount of the epoxy resin (B) is 0.5 to 20 parts by mass, the amount of the glass fiber is 10 to 350 parts by
mass, and the amount of the glass flake is 1 to 250 parts by mass relative to 100 parts by mass of the polyarylene sulfide
resin (A),

wherein the epoxy resin (B) is a combination of a bisphenol epoxy resin (B1) and a novolac epoxy resin (B2);
wherein the polyarylene sulfide resin composition further comprises one or more epoxy group-containing alkoxysilane compounds
in the amount of 0.01 to 1.0 parts by mass relative to 100 parts by mass of the polyarylene sulfide resin (A);

wherein the polyarylene sulfide resin composition is obtained by melt-kneading thereof; and
wherein the content of secondary hydroxyl groups in the bisphenol epoxy resin (B1) is 2.0 to 5.0 eq/kg.

US Pat. No. 9,715,051

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising a first substrate, a second substrate, a liquid crystal composition layer sandwiched
between the first substrate and the second substrate, a color filter constituted by a black matrix and at least RGB three
color pixel portions, a pixel electrode, and a common electrode, wherein the liquid crystal composition layer is composed
of a liquid crystal composition containing:
30% to 50% of a compound represented by general formula (I),

in the formula (I), R1 and R2 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy
group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms; and A represents a 1,4-phenylene group
or a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group,

5% to 20% of a compound represented by general formula (II-1),

in the formula (II-1), R3 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having
1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms; and R4 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 4 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having
1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 3 to 8 carbon atoms,

25% to 45% of a compound represented by general formula (II-2),

in the formula (II-2), R5 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having
1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms; R6 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 4 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having
1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 3 to 8 carbon atoms; and B represents a 1,4-phenylene group or a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene
group that may be substituted with fluorine, and

5% to 20% of a compound represented by general formula (III),

wherein in the formula, R7 and R8 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy
group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms; D, E, F, and G each independently represent
a 1,4-phenylene group or a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group that may be substituted with fluorine; Z2 represents a single bond, —OCH2—, —OCO—, —CH2O—, or —COO—; and n represents 0 or 1, where if n represents 0, Z2 represents —OCH2—, —OCO—, —CH2O—, or —COO— or D, E, and G represent a 1,4-phenylene group that may be substituted with fluorine, and

wherein the RGB three color pixel portions contain, as coloring materials, a diketopyrrolopyrrole pigment and/or an anionic
red organic dye in an R pixel portion, a halogenated copper phthalocyanine pigment in a G pixel portion, and an ?-type copper
phthalocyanine pigment and/or a cationic blue organic dye in a B pixel portion,

a total content of the compounds represented by general formula (I), general formula (II-1), general formula (II-2), and general
formula (III) is 90% to 100% of the liquid crystal composition.

US Pat. No. 9,670,391

MOISTURE-CURABLE POLYURETHANE HOT-MELT RESIN COMPOSITION, ADHESIVE, AND ARTICLE

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A moisture-curable polyurethane hot-melt resin composition comprising a urethane prepolymer having an isocyanate group,
the urethane prepolymer being a reaction product of a polyol (A) and a polyisocyanate (B) only, wherein the polyol (A) contains
a polypropylene glycol and/or polytetramethylene glycol (A-1), a crystalline polyester polyol (A-2), an amorphous polyester
polyol (A-3), and an acrylic polyol (A-4), wherein:
the amorphous polyester polyol (A-3) is produced through a reaction of an alkylene oxide adduct of bisphenol A with a polybasic
acid, and

a glass transition temperature of the amorphous polyester polyol (A-3) is in a range of ?70° C. to ?10° C.,
wherein the polyester polyol (A-2) is 20 to 400 parts by mass, the amorphous polyester polyol (A-3) is 10 to 300 parts by
mass and the acrylic polyol (A-4) is 20 to 400 parts by mass relative to 100 parts by mass of the propylene glycol and/or
polytetramethylene glycol (A-1).

US Pat. No. 9,624,606

METHOD FOR PRODUCING CELLULOSE NANOFIBER, CELLULOSE NANOFIBER, MASTER BATCH, AND RESIN COMPOSITION

DIC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A method for producing cellulose nanofibers, the method comprising
fibrillating cellulose in a modified epoxy resin (A) having a hydroxyl value of 100 mgKOH/g or more; wherein
the cellulose is fibrillated to a length of 100 nm or less in the fiber short-axis direction.

US Pat. No. 10,421,908

LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal composition comprising:one or two or more compounds represented by general formula (I):

where in the formula, R1 is a hydrogen atom, —O., —OH, or an alkyl group having 1 to 12 carbon atoms, one or two or more —CH2— groups present in the alkyl group are each independently optionally replaced with —O—, —S—, —CH?CH—, —C?C—, —CO—O—, —O—CO—, —OCF2—, or —CF2O—,
R2, R3, R4, and R5 are each independently an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, one or two or more —CH2— groups present in the alkyl group are each independently optionally replaced with —O—, —S—, —CH?CH—, —C?C—, —CO—O—, —O—CO—, —OCF2—, or —CF2O—, R2 and R3 and/or R4 and R5 are taken together to form a ring,
R6 and R7 are each independently a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, one or two or more —CH2— groups present in the alkyl group are each independently optionally replaced with —O—, —S—, —CH?CH—, —C?C—, —CO—O—, —O—CO—, —OCF2—, or —CF2O—,
M1 is a trivalent organic group, and R1's, R2's, R3's, R4's, R5's, R6's, and R7's present in a plurality are optionally the same or different; and
one or two or more compounds represented by general formula (J):

where in the formula, RJ1 is an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, one —CH2— group or two or more non-adjacent —CH2— groups in the alkyl group are each independently optionally replaced with —CH?CH—, —C?C—, —O—, —CO—, —COO—, or —OCO—,
nJ1 is 0, 1, 2, 3, or 4,
AJ1, AJ2, and AJ3 are each independently a group selected from the group consisting of:(a) a 1,4-cyclohexylene group in which one —CH2— group or two or more non-adjacent —CH2— groups present in the group are each optionally replaced with —O—,(b) a 1,4-phenylene group in which one —CH? group or two or more non-adjacent —CH? groups present in the group are each optionally replaced with —N?, and(c) a naphthalene-2,6-diyl group, a 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl group, or a decahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl group in which one —CH? group or two or more non-adjacent —CH? groups present in the naphthalene-2,6-diyl group or the 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl group are each optionally replaced with —N?,the groups (a), (b), and (c) are each independently optionally substituted with a cyano group, a fluorine atom, a chlorine atom, a methyl group, a trifluoromethyl group, or a trifluoromethoxy group,
ZJ1 and ZJ2 are each independently a single bond, —CH2CH2—, —(CH2)4—, —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —OCF2—, —CF2O—, —COO—, —OCO—, or —C?C—,
in the case where nJ1 is 2, 3, or 4 and where a plurality of AJ2's are present, AJ2's are optionally the same or different, in the case where nJ1 is 2, 3, or 4 and where a plurality of ZJ1's are present, ZJ1's are optionally the same or different, and
XJ1 is a fluorine atom, a chlorine atom, a cyano group, a trifluoromethyl group, a fluoromethoxy group, a difluoromethoxy group, a trifluoromethoxy group, or a 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl group,
wherein the liquid crystal composition has positive dielectric anisotropy (??) at 25° C.

US Pat. No. 9,822,301

ALKENYL ETHER COMPOUND AND A LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION USING THE SAME

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A compound of general formula (1-1),

wherein in the formula, R1 represents an alkyl group having a carbon atom number of 1 to 15 or an alkenyl group having a carbon atom number of 2 to 15,
in which one group of —CH2—, or two or more groups of —CH2— not adjacent to each other can be replaced with a group of —O—, —S—, —COO—, —OCO— or —CO—, in which the hydrogen atom in
these groups can be replaced with fluorine atom,

R3 represents a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group having a carbon atom number of 1 to 3, in which one group of —CH2—, or two or more groups of —CH2— not adjacent to each other can be replaced with a group of —O—, —S—, —COO—, —OCO— or —CO—, in which the hydrogen atom in
the alkyl group can be replaced with a fluorine atom,

A1 is selected from the groups consisting of:

at least one of the A1 groups is selected from the groups consisting of:

Z1 represents —CH2O—, —OCH2—, —CF2O—, —OCF2—, —COO—, —OCO—, —CH2CH2—, —CF2CF2—, —CH?CH—, —CF?CF—, or a single bond;

X represents a hydrogen atom, a fluorine atom or a chlorine atom;
m represents 1 to 4, in which when m is 2 to 4, and plural A1 groups exist, said plural A1 group can be the same as or different from each other; and when m is 2 to 4, and plural Z1 groups exist, said plural Z1 groups can be the same as or different from each other.

US Pat. No. 9,650,522

ABSORBING-LAYER-FORMING COMPOSITION AND ABSORBING SUBSTRATE, PRINTED ITEM, CONDUCTIVE PATTERN, AND ELECTRIC CIRCUIT PRODUCED USING THE SAME

DIC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A conductive pattern comprising:
an absorbing substrate comprising a support and an absorbing layer disposed on a part or the entirety of a surface of the
support; and

a patterned conductive layer on the absorbing layer, wherein
the absorbing layer comprises an absorbing-layer-forming composition including a blocked isocyanate (A), an amount of the
blocked isocyanate (A) is 50% by mass to 100% by mass of the solid content of the absorbing-layer-forming composition.

US Pat. No. 9,653,727

METAL TIN-CARBON COMPOSITES, METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAID COMPOSITES, ANODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR NON-AQUEOUS LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERIES WHICH IS PRODUCED USING SAID COMPOSITES, ANODE FOR NON-AQUEOUS LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERIES WHICH C

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A method for producing a metal tin-carbon composite containing a metal tin nanoparticle (B) in a matrix (A) composed of
a carbon characterized in that the metal tin-carbon composite contains the metal tin nanoparticle (B) having a particle size
of a range of 0.2 nm to 5 nm and does not contain a coarse metal tin particle having a particle size of 1 ?tm or more, wherein
a precursor comprising a cationic polymer (X), a tin compound (Y) and sulfuric acid (Z) is calcinated.

US Pat. No. 9,684,206

COPOLYMER, AND LIQUID CRYSTAL ALIGNMENT LAYER INCLUDING CURED PRODUCT THEREOF

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A polymer comprising (a) a photochemically isomerizable and photochemically non-crosslinkable site, and (b) a photochemically
crosslinkable site,
wherein the polymer contains a unit represented by the general formula (I):

wherein Mb represents a unit contained in a main chain of the polymer,

Sp represents a spacer unit,
A represents a group selected from the group consisting of:
(a) a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group, wherein one methylene group or two or more non-adjacent methylene groups present in the
trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group may be substituted with —O—, —NH—, or —S—,

(b) a 1,4-phenylene group, wherein one —CH? or two or more —CH?'s present in the 1,4-phenylene group may be substituted with
—N?, and

(c) a 1,4-cyclohexenylene group, a 2,5-thiophenylene group, a 2,5-furanylene group, a 1,4-bicyclo(2.2.2)octylene group, a
naphthalene-1,4-diyl group, a naphthalene-2,6-diyl group, a decahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl group, and a 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl
group,

in which the group (a), (b), or (c) may be each unsubstituted or may have one or more hydrogen atoms substituted with a fluorine
atom, a chlorine atom, a cyano group, a methyl group, or a methoxy group,

r represents 0, 1, or 2, but in the case where r represents 2, a plurality of A's, which is present, may be the same as or
different from each other,

X and Y each independently represents a hydrogen atom, a fluorine atom, a chlorine atom, a cyano group, or an alkyl group
having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, but a hydrogen atom in the alkyl group may be substituted with a fluorine atom, and one CH2 group or two or more non-adjacent CH2 groups may be substituted with —O—, —CO—O—, —O—CO—and/or —CH?CH—, and

Z is represented by the general formula (IIa) or (IIb):

wherein the broken line represents a bond to a carbon atom, to which Z is bonded, and
wherein in the general formula (IIa), R1 represents a linear or branched alkyl group having 1 to 30 carbon atoms, and at least one of (i) one —CH2— group or two or more non-adjacent —CH2— groups in R1 are substituted with —O—, —CO—, —CO—O—, —O—CO—, —CO—NH—, —NH—CO—, —NCH3—, —CH?CH—, —CF?CF—, and/or —C?C—, (ii) one —CH2— group or two or more —CH2— groups in R1 are substituted with a cycloalkyl group of from 3- to 8-membered ring, and (iii) a hydrogen atom in R1 is substituted with an alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a cyano group, or a halogen atom,

wherein in the general formula (IIb), R1 and R2 each independently represents a hydrogen atom or a linear or branched alkyl group having 1 to 30 carbon atoms, and one —CH2— group or two or more non-adjacent —CH2— groups in R1 and R2 may be substituted with —O—, —CO—, —CO—O—, —O—CO—, —CO—NH—, —NH—CO—, —NCH3—, —CH?CH—, —CF?CF—, and/or —C?C—, one —CH2— group or two or more —CH2— groups in R1 and R2 may be each independently substituted with a cycloalkyl group of from 3- to 8-membered ring, and a hydrogen atom in R1 and R2 may be substituted with an alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a cyano group, or a halogen atom,

wherein in the general formula (I), Sp is represented by the following general formula (IVa):

wherein the left broken line represents a bond to Mb, and the right broken line represents a bond to A or a bond to a carbon atom, to which X is bonded,

Z1, Z2 and Z3 each independently represents a single bond, —(CH2)u— in which u represents 1 to 20, —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —COO—, —OCO—, —CH?CH—, —CF?CF—, —CF2O—, —OCF2—, —CF2CF2—, or —C?C, wherein one or more of the non-adjacent CH2 groups in these substituents may be independently substituted with —O—, —CO—, —CO—O—, —O—CO—, —Si(CH3)2—O—Si(CH3)2—, —NR—, —NR—CO—, —CO—NR—, —NR—CO—O—, —O—CO—NR—, —NR—CO—NR—, —CH?CH—, —C?C—, or —O—CO—O— in which R's independently represent
hydrogen or an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms,

A1 and A2 each independently represents a group selected from the group consisting of:

(a) a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group, wherein one methylene group or two or more non-adjacent methylene groups present in the
trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group may be substituted with —O—, —NH—, or —S—,

(b) a 1,4-phenylene group, wherein one —CH? or two or more —CH?'s present in the 1,4-phenylene group may be substituted with
—N?, and

(c) a 1,4-cyclohexenylene group, a 2,5-thiophenylene group, a 2,5-furanylene group, a 1,4-bicyclo(2.2.2)octylene group, a
naphthalene-1,4-diyl group, a naphthalene-2,6-diyl group, a decahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl group, and a 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl
group,

in which the group (a), (b), or (c) may be each unsubstituted or may have one or more hydrogen atoms substituted with a fluorine
atom, a chlorine atom, a cyano group, a methyl group, or a methoxy group, and

p and q each independently represents 0 or 1.

US Pat. No. 9,683,174

COMPOUND, POLYMER, LIQUID CRYSTAL ALIGNMENT LAYER, LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE, AND OPTICALLY ANISOTROPIC MATERIAL

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A compound represented by general formula (I):
wherein
L is a polymerizable group;
Sp is a spacer unit comprising methylene;
Q is a direct bond, —O—,—CO—O—, or —O—CO—;
A comprises a group selected from the group consisting of trans-1,4-cyclohexylene (wherein one or more non-adjacent methylene
groups present in this group are optionally replaced with —O—, —NH—, or —S—), 1,4-phenylene (wherein one or more —CH?groups
present in this group are optionally replaced with—N?), 1,4-cyclohexenylene, 2,5-thiophenylene, 2,5-furanylene, 1,4-bicyclo[2,2,2]octylene,
naphdialene-1,4-diyl, naphthalene-2,6-diyl, decahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl, and 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyi, wherein
the groups are unsubstituted, or one or more hydrogen atoms present therein are optionally replaced with fluorine, chlorine,
cyano, methyl, or methoxy;

s is an integer of 1 to 4, wherein ifs is 2 to 4, each A may be the same or different;
X and Y are each independently hydrogen, fluorine, chlorine, cyano, or an alkyl group of 1 to 20 carbon atoms, wherein any
hydrogen atom present in the alkyl group is optionally replaced with fluorine, and if one or more non-adjacent methylene groups
are present in the alkyl group, the one or more non-adjacent methylene groups are optionally replaced with —O—, —CO—O—, —O—CO—,
and/or —CH?CH—, and

M is any of general. formulas (IIa), (IIb), and (IIc):
wherein
the dashed line is a linkage to the carbon atom;
R1 is an alkylene group of 1 to 30 carbon atoms, wherein each R1, if present, may be the same or different;

R2 is hydrogen or an alkyl group of 1 to 30 carbon atoms; and

if one or more non-adjacent methylene groups are present in RI and .R2, the one or more non-adjacent methylene groups are optionally replaced with —O—, —CO—, —CO—O—, —CO—, —CO—NH—, —NH—CO—, —NCH3—, —CH?CH—, —CF?CF—, and/or —C?C—, and any hydrogen atom present in R1 and R2 is optionally replaced with an alkyl group of 1 to 20 carbon atoms, cyano, or halogen.

US Pat. No. 9,599,829

BIREFRINGENT LENS MATERIAL FOR STEREOSCOPIC IMAGE DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING BIREFRINGENT LENS FOR STEREOSCOPIC IMAGE DISPLAY DEVICE

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A method for producing a birefringent lens for a stereoscopic image display using a birefringent material, the method comprising
the steps of:
providing the birefringent lens material;
applying the birefringent lens material onto an alignment layer that has been subjected to an alignment treatment in a uniaxial
direction to obtain a coating film; and

forming the coating film into a lens shape by conducting curing with ultraviolet light, wherein the birefringent lens material
for a stereoscopic image display comprises;

a first liquid crystal compound having at least one polymerizable functional group; and
a second liquid crystal compound having at least one polymerizable functional group,
wherein each of the first liquid crystal compound and the second liquid crystal compound is a compound represented by general
formula (1):

P-(Sp)m-MG-R1  (1)

where P represents a polymerizable functional group; Sp represents a spacer group having 0 to 18 carbon atoms; m represents
0 or 1; MG represents a mesogenic group or a mesogenity supporting group; and R1 represents a halogen atom, a cyano group, a thiocyanate group, a hydroxy group, an NCO group, an OCN group, or an alkyl group
having 1 to 18 carbon atoms, the alkyl group optionally being substituted with at least one selected from halogen atoms, a
cyano group, and a hydroxy group, and one CH2 group or two or more non-adjacent CH2 groups present in this group each optionally being independently substituted with a divalent organic group such as —O—, —S—,
—NH—, —N(CH3)—, —CO—, —COO—, —OCO—, —OCOO—, —SCO—, —COS—, —CH?CH—, or —C?C— in such a manner that oxygen atoms are not directly bonded
to each other, or R1 represents a structure represented by general formula (1-a):

-(Sp)m-P  (1-a)

where P represents a polymerizable functional group, Sp represents a spacer group having 0 to 18 carbon atoms, and m represents
0 or 1

wherein the birefringent lens material has a transition temperature from a solid phase to a liquid-crystalline phase of ?10°
C. or lower and a transition temperature from a liquid-crystalline phase to a liquid phase of 50° C. or higher.

US Pat. No. 9,410,086

LIQUID CRYSTAL-POLYMER COMPOSITE MATERIAL

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal-polymer composite material comprising: a nematic liquid crystal composition containing at least two types
of achiral liquid crystal compounds; at least one type of chiral compound; and a polymer formed by polymerization of at least
one type of polymerizable compound
wherein the liquid crystal-polymer composite material exhibits a blue phase that includes a blue phase III,
wherein the liquid crystal-polymer composite material exhibits a blue phase III which coexists with neither a blue phase I,
a blue phase II, nor a liquid phase in a temperature range of 2° C. or more, and

wherein the nematic liquid crystal composition containing at least two types of achiral liquid crystal compounds is represented
by general formula (I)

R11-A11-L11-A12?L12-A13?a11R12  (I)

wherein R11 and R12 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 16 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 16 carbon atoms, an alkenyl
group having 2 to 16 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 16 carbon atoms, wherein one methylene group in R11 or R12 or at least two methylene groups therein which are not adjacent to each other each may be independently substituted by —O—,
—S—, —CO—, —COO—, or —OCO— so that oxygen atoms or sulfur atoms are not directly bonded to each other, and at least one hydrogen
atom in R11 or R12 may be substituted by a fluorine atom;

A11, A12, and A13 each independently represent

(a) a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group wherein one methylene group present in this group or at least two methylene groups therein
which are not adjacent to each other each may be independently substituted by an oxygen atom or a sulfur atom, and at least
one hydrogen atom present in this group each may be independently substituted by a cyano group, a fluorine atom, or a chlorine
atom,

(b) a 1,4-phenylene group wherein one —CH? present in this group or at least two —CH? therein which are not adjacent to each
other may be substituted by at least one nitrogen atom, and at least one hydrogen atom present in this group each may be independently
substituted by a cyano group, a fluorine atom, or a chlorine atom, or

(c) a group selected from the group consisting of a 1,4-cyclohexenylene group, a 1,4-bicyclo(2,2,2)octylene group, a naphthalene-2,6-diyl
group, a decahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl group, and a 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl group wherein one —CH? present
in each of those groups or at least two —CH? therein which are not adjacent to each other may be substituted by at least one
nitrogen atom, and at least one hydrogen atom present in each of those groups each may be independently substituted by a cyano
group, a fluorine atom or a chlorine atom);

a11 represents 0, 1, or 2; and

L11 and L12 each independently represent a single bond, —CH2CH2—, —(CH2)4—, —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —COO—, —OCO—, —CF2CF2—, —OCF2—, —CF2O—, —CH?N—N?CH—, —CH?CH—, —CF?CF—, —C?C—, —N?N—, —CH?N—, —SCH2—, —CH2S—, —CSO—, —OCS—, —CF2S—, or —SCF2—.

US Pat. No. 9,073,018

MICRO MIXER

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A micro mixer, configured to mix more than two types of fluids, wherein the micro mixer comprises:
a mixing plate having a first channel-forming section and a second channel-forming section, a first channel for a first fluid
to flow therethrough is formed at the first channel-forming section, a second channel for a second fluid to flow therethrough
is formed at the second channel-forming section; and

a combined channel disposed between the first channel-forming section and the second channel-forming section and at which
the first fluid and the second fluid are merged, wherein a plurality of first outlets of the first channel and a plurality
of second outlets of the second channel are opposed to each other with the combined channel disposed therebetween, and a position
of the plurality of first outlets of the first channel facing a center axis of the combined channel is included in or the
same as a position of the plurality of second outlets of the second channel facing the center axis,

wherein the mixing plate consists of a pair of adjustable plates, a width of the combined channel is adjusted by adjusting
a distance between the pair of adjustable plates, and

wherein the first channel has the plurality of first outlets and a plurality of first inlets, the second channel has the plurality
of second outlets and a plurality of second inlets, the first outlets of the first channel and the first inlets of the first
channel are in a one-to-one relationship and the second outlets of the second channel and the second inlets of the second
channel are in a one-to-one relationship, and in the first channel and the second channel, a cross-section area of each of
the first and second outlets is smaller than a cross-section area of each of the first and second inlets.

US Pat. No. 10,544,365

NEMATIC LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal composition having a positive dielectric anisotropy, the liquid crystal composition comprising at least one compound represented by general formula (LC0):whereinR01 is an alkyl group of 1 to 15 carbon atoms, wherein at least one —CH2— of the alkyl group is optionally replaced by —O—, —CH?CH—, —CO—, —COO—, —COO—, —CF2O— or —OCF2— such that no oxygen atoms are directly adjacent to each other, and at least one hydrogen atom of the alkyl group is optionally replaced by halogen;
A01 to A03 are each independently any of the following structures:
wherein at least one —CH2— of the cyclohexane ring is optionally replaced by —O— such that no oxygen atoms are directly adjacent to each other, at least one —CH? of each benzene ring is optionally replaced by —N? such that no nitrogen atoms are directly adjacent to each other, and X03 and X04 are each independently —H, —Cl, —F, —CF3, or —OCF3;X01 and X02 are each independently hydrogen or fluorine;
Y01 is —Cl, —F, —OCHF2, —CF3, —OCF3, or a fluorinated alkyl, alkoxy, alkenyl, or alkenyloxy group of 2 to 5 carbon atoms;
Z01 to Z05 are each independently a single bond, —CH?CH—, —CH2CH2—, —(CH2)4—, —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —OCF2—, or —CF2O—, wherein at least one of Z01 to Z05 present is —OCH2—, —OCF2—, or —CF2O—;
W01 and W02 are each independently —CH2— or —O—; and
m01 to m03 are each independently an integer of 0 to 2, m01+m02+m03 is 0, 1, or 2, and a plurality of A01, A02, A03, Z01, Z03, and/or Z05, if present, may be the same or different.

US Pat. No. 10,287,502

LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION CONTAINING POLYMERIZABLE COMPOUND AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY ELEMENT USING THE SAME

DIC CORPORATION (TOKYO), ...

1. A polymerizable-compound-containing liquid crystal composition, comprising:a first component consisting of one or two or more kinds of polymerizable compounds represented by general formula (I) in the range of 0.01% by mass to 2% by mass:

wherein R1 and R2 each independently represent any one of the following formulae (R-1) to (R-15), S1 and S2 each independently represent an alkylene group having 1 to 12 carbon atoms or a single bond, a methylene group in the alkylene group may be substituted with an oxygen atom, a sulfur atom, —CO—, —COO—, —OCO—, —OCOO—, or —CH?CH— as long as oxygen atoms are not directly bonded to each other, provided that at least one of S1 and S2 is not a single bond, and X1 to X12 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, a trifluoromethyl group, a trifluoromethoxy group, a methyl group, a chlorine atom, or a fluorine atom,

as a second component in the range of 5% by mass to 80% by mass, one or two or more kinds of compounds represented by general formula (II):
R21-M21-L21-M22-(L22-M23)o-R22  (II)
wherein R21 and R22 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms or an alkenyl group having 2 to 10 carbon atoms, one methylene group or two or more non-adjacent methylene groups present in these groups may be substituted with —O— or —S—, and one or two or more hydrogen atoms present in these groups may be substituted with a fluorine atom or a chlorine atom,
M21, M22, M23 each independently represent a group selected from the group consisting of (a) a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group one methylene group or two or more non-adjacent methylene groups present in the group may be substituted with —O— or —S—, (b) a 1,4-phenylene group one —CH? or two or more non-adjacent (—CH?)'s present in the group may be substituted with a nitrogen atom, a 3-fluoro-1,4-phenylene group, a 3,5-difluoro-1,4-phenylene group, and (c) a 1,4-cyclohexenylene group, a 1,4-bicyclo[2,2,2]octylene group, a piperidine-2,5-diyl group, a naphthalene-2,6-diyl group, a decahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl group, and a 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl group,
o represents 0, 1, or 2, and
L21 and L22 each independently represent a single bond, —CH2CH2—, —(CH2)4—, —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —OCF2—, —CF2O—, —CH?CH—, —CH?N—N?CH—, or —C?C—, and when a plurality of L22's and/or M23's are present, they may be the same as or different from each other,
as a third component, one or two or more kinds of a compound selected from the group consisting of compounds represented by general formulae (IVa), (IVb), and (IVc):

wherein R41, R42, R43, R44, R45, and R46 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms or an alkenyl group having 2 to 10 carbon atoms, and one methylene group or two or more non-adjacent methylene groups present in these groups may be substituted with —O— or —S—, and one or two or more of hydrogen atoms present in these groups may be substituted with a fluorine atom or a chloride atom,
M41, M42, M43, M44, M45, M46, M47, M48, and M49 each independently represent a group selected from the group consisting of (d) a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group (one methylene group or two or more non-adjacent methylene groups present in the group may be substituted with —O— or —S—), (e) a 1,4-phenylene group one —CH? or two or more non-adjacent (—CH?)'s present in the group may be substituted with a nitrogen atom, and (f) a 1,4-cyclohexenylene group, a 1,4-bicyclo[2,2,2]octylene group, a piperidine-2,5-diyl group, a naphthalene-2,6-diyl group, a 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl group, and a decahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl group, and a hydrogen atom contained in the groups (d), (e), and (f) may be substituted with a cyano group, a fluorine atom, a trifluoromethyl group, a trifluoromethoxy group, or a chlorine atom,
L41, L42, L43, L44, L45, L46, L47, L48 and L49 each independently represent a single bond, —COO—, —OCO—, —CH2CH2—, —(CH2)4—, —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —OCF2—, —CF2O—, or —C?C—, and when a plurality of M42, M43, M45, M46, M48, M49, L41, L43, L44, L46, L47, and/or L49 are present, they may be the same as or different from each other,
X43, X44, X45, X46, X47, and X48 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, a trifluoromethyl group, a trifluoromethoxy group, or a fluorine atom, X41 and X42 represents a fluorine atom, any one of X43, X44, and X45 represents a fluorine atom, any one of X46, X47, and X48 represents a fluorine atom, provided that X46 and X47 do not represent a fluorine atom and X46 and X48 do not represent a fluorine atom at the same time,
G represents a methylene group or —O—, and
u, v, w, x, y, and z each independently represent 0, 1, or 2, and u+v, w+x, and y+z are each 2 or less, and
one or two or more kinds of a compound selected from the group consisting of compounds represented by general formulae (II-E) and (IVa-1):
in the formula, R23 and R24 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 10 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 3 to 10 carbon atoms,in the formula, R47 and R48 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, L50, L51, and L52 each independently represent a single bond, M50 represents a 1,4-phenylene group, and u1 and v1 each independently represent 0.

US Pat. No. 10,081,585

COMPOUND CONTAINING PHENOLIC HYDROXYL GROUP, PHENOLIC RESIN, CURABLE COMPOSITION, CURED PRODUCT THEREOF, SEMICONDUCTOR SEALING MATERIAL, AND PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD

DIC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A compound containing a phenolic hydroxyl group, which has a molecular structure represented by the following General Formula (I):
wherein X is a structural site represented by the following Structural Formula (x1) or (x2);

wherein, in Formula (x1) or (x2), each of R1 and R2 is any one of an alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, an aryl group, and an aralkyl group, 1 is an integer of 0 to 3, n is an integer of 0 to 4, in a case where 1 or n is 2 or greater, a plurality of R1's or R2's may be the same as or different from each other, k is an integer of 1 to 3, m is 1 or 2, Ar is a structural site represented by the following Structural Formulas (Ar1):
wherein in a case where k or m is 2 or greater, a plurality of Ar's may be the same as or different from each other; andwherein, R3 is any one of an alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, an aryl group, and an aralkyl group, R3 may be bonded to either of two aromatic nuclei, s is an integer of 0 to 6, in a case where s is 2 or greater, a plurality of R3's may be the same as or different from each other, and r is 1 or 2.

US Pat. No. 10,040,942

PROCESS FOR PRODUCING QUINACRIDONE PIGMENT COMPOSITION

DIC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A process for producing a quinacridone pigment composition containing a quinacridone solid solution and a quinacridone derivative, the process comprising:(step A) heating, at 80° C. to 150° C., a pigment slurry composed of 100 parts of a cyclization-derived crude quinacridone solid solution, 0.1 to 10 parts of a quinacridone pigment derivative, and 500 to 1500 parts of organic solvent and/or water; and
(step B) obtaining the quinacridone pigment composition by, after step A, removing the organic solvent from a system, adding 0.5 to 15 parts of a quinacridone derivative for 100 parts of the quinacridone solid solution, and isolating and drying a product,
wherein the quinacridone derivative is a salt of quinacridone sulfonic acid represented by general formula (1) below:
(where n is from 1 to 3, and m is from 1 to 3).

US Pat. No. 9,963,636

LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE USING SAME

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal composition with negative dielectric anisotropy, comprising;a first component comprising a compound represented by formula (i),

11% to 25% by mass of a second component comprising a compound represented by formula (XIII-1-2) and formula (XIII-1-4),

wherein a total content of the compounds represented by the formula (i), the formula (XIII-1-2), and the formula (XIII-1-4) is 29% to 61% by mass, and,
30% to 45% by mass of a compound represented by general formula (XII),

wherein RX1 and RX2 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, or an alkenyl group having 2 to 10 carbon atoms, one methylene group or unadjacent two or more methylene groups present in these groups may be each independently substituted by —O— or —S—, and one or two or more hydrogen atoms present in these groups may be substituted by a fluorine atom or a chlorine atom;
MX2 represents a group selected from the group consisting of
(a) a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group (one methylene group or unadjacent two or more methylene groups present in the group may be substituted by —O— or —S—), and
(b) a 1,4-phenylene group (one —CH? or unadjacent two or more —CH? present in the group may be substituted by —N?);
hydrogen atoms contained in the group (a) or the group (b) may be each substituted by a cyano group, a fluorine atom, a trifluoromethyl group, a trifluoromethoxy group, or a chlorine atom,
wherein the liquid crystal composition makes a liquid crystal display having an image sticking of no residual image.

US Pat. No. 9,938,463

LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE USING THE SAME

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal composition comprising:at least two compounds selected from the group consisting of compounds represented by general formula (1):

In general formula (1), n is an integer greater than 1 and less than 6, m is an integer greater than 1 and less than 6, and n is less than or equal to m;
at least one compound selected from the group consisting of compounds represented by general formula (2):

In general formula (2), R1 and R2 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 15 carbon atoms;
at least one compound selected from the group consisting of compounds represented by general formula (3):

In general formula (3), R3 and R4 each independently represent a group selected from the group consisting an alkyl group having 1 to 15 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 15 carbon atoms, and an alkoxy group having 1 to 15 carbon atoms;
at least one compound selected from the group consisting of compounds represented by general formula (VI-a-1):

In general formula (VI-a-1), R6a and R6b each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 5 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or an alkenyloxy group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms; and
a compound represented by general formula (5.1) below:
wherein 5 to 35% by mass of a compound represented by general formula (1) is contained.
US Pat. No. 9,815,986

METHODS FOR PRODUCING AQUEOUS PIGMENT DISPERSION LIQUID AND WATER-BASED INK FOR INK JET RECORDING

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A method for producing an aqueous pigment dispersion liquid, comprising: a kneading step of kneading a mixture of a quinacridone
pigment (a), a pigment derivative (b), an organic high-molecular compound having an anionic group (c), a basic compound (d),
and an acetylene glycol surfactant (e) in a closed kneader to prepare a pigment-kneaded material having a solid content in
the range of 50% to 80% by mass; and a step of diluting the pigment-kneaded material with an aqueous medium,
wherein the aqueous pigment dispersion liquid prepared by the method includes coarse particles having a particle size of 0.5
?m or more at 60% by mass or less of a standard aqueous pigment dispersion liquid, wherein the standard aqueous pigment dispersion
liquid is prepared as a comparative method that is same as the method except for excluding the acetylene glycol surfactant
(e) in the kneading step.

US Pat. No. 9,765,175

MODIFIED HYDROXY NAPHTHALENE NOVOLAK RESIN, PRODUCTION METHOD FOR MODIFIED HYDROXY NAPHTHALENE NOVOLAK RESIN, PHOTOSENSITIVE COMPOSITION, RESIST MATERIAL AND COATING

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

7. A resist material comprising the photosensitive composition according to claim 6.

US Pat. No. 9,725,651

POLYMERIZABLE COMPOUND-CONTAINING LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY ELEMENT USING SAME

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A polymerizable compound-containing liquid crystal composition, comprising:
0.01 mass % to 2 mass % of at least one kind of compound represented by General Formula (I):
(R11?lM11?L11-M12?mL12-M13?Z)n  (1)

(in the general formula (I), Z represents —S1—R12, S1 is at least one linking group selected from the group consisting of an alkylene group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms and a single
bond, and one —CH2— or non-adjacent two or more —CH2— in the alkylene group may be substituted with —O—, —COO—, —OCO—, or —OCOO—,

R11 and R12 each independently represent any one of the following formulae (R-I) and (R-III) to (R-IX):

in the formulae (R-I) and (R-III) to (R-IX), R21, R31, R41, R51 and R61 each independently are a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, or a halogenated alkyl group having 1 to
5 carbon atoms, W is a single bond, —O— or a methylene group, T is a single bond or —COO—, and p, t, and q each independently
are 0, 1, or 2,
L11 s a single bond, —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —C2H4—, —COO—, —OCO—, —OCOOCH2—, —CH2OCOO—, —OCH2CH2O—, —CH?CRa—COO—, —CH?CRa—OCO—, —COO—CRa?CH—, —OCO—CRa?CH—, —COO—CRa?CH—COO—, —COO—CRa?CH—OCO—, —OCO—CRa?CH—COO—, —OCO—CRa?CH—OCO—, —(CH2)z—C(?O)—O—, —(CH2)z—O—(C?O)—, —O—(C?O)—(CH2)z—, —(C?O)—O—(CH2)z—, —CH?CH—, —CF?CF—, —CF?CH—, —CH?CF—, —CF2O—, —OCF2—, —CF2CH2—, —CH2CF2—, —CF2CF2—, or —C?C— (in the formulae, Ras each independently represent a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, and z represents an integer of
2 or 4),

L12 is —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —C2H4—, —COO—, —OCO—, —OCOOCH2—, —CH2OCOO—, —OCH2CH2O—, —CH?CRa—COO—, —CH?CRa—OCO—, —COO—CRa?CH—, —OCO—CRa?CH—, —COO—CRa?CH—COO—,—COO—CRa?CH—OCO—, —OCO—CRa?CH—COO—, —OCO—CRa?CH—OCO—, —(CH2)z—C(?O)—O—, —(CH2)z—O—(C?O)—, —O—(C?O)—(CH2)z—, —(C?O)—O—(CH2)z—, —CH?CH—, —CF?CF—, —CF?CH—, —CH?CF—, —CF2O—, —OCF2—, —CF2CH2—, —CH2CF2—, —CF2CF2—, or —C?C— (in the formulae, Ras each independently represent a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, and z represents an integer of
2 or 4),

M12 represents a 1,4-phenylene group, a naphthalene-2,6-diyl group, or an indan-2,5-diyl group, but M12 each independently may be unsubstituted or may be substituted with an alkyl group having 1 to 12 carbon atoms, a halogenated
alkyl group having 1 to 12 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 12 carbon atoms, a halogenated alkoxy group having 1
to 12 carbon atoms, a halogen, a cyano group, or a nitro group,

M13 is each independently any one of the following formulae (i) to (ix):


l is 1 or 2, m represents an integer of 1 to 3, n represents an integer of 1 to 3, when m represents 2 and 3, two or three
L11 and M12 may be the same as or different from each other, provided that, at least one L11 represents a single bond,

further, in the case of l=1, M11 represents a 1,4-phenylene group, or an indan-2,5-diyl group, but M11 each independently may be unsubstituted or may be substituted with an alkyl group having 1 to 12 carbon atoms, a halogenated
alkyl group having 1 to 12 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 12 carbon atoms, a halogenated alkoxy group having 1
to 12 carbon atoms, a halogen, a cyano group, or a nitro group, and

in the case of l=2, M11 is any one of the above formulae (iv) to (vi));

5 mass % to 80 mass % of at least one kind of compound represented by General Formula (II):
R21-M21-L21-M22-(L22-M23)o-R22  (II)

(in the general formula (II), R21 and R22 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms or an alkenyl group having 2 to 10 carbon atoms, one
—CH2— or two or more non-adjacent —CH2— present in these groups may be substituted with —O— or —S—, at least one hydrogen atom present in these groups may be substituted
with a fluorine atom or a chlorine atom,

M21, M22, and M23 each independently represent a group selected from the group consisting of:

(a) a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group (one —CH2— or two or more non-adjacent —CH2—present in this group may be substituted with —O— or —S—),

(b) a 1,4-phenylene group (one —CH? or two or more non-adjacent —CH? present in this group may be substituted with —N?), a
2-fluoro-1,4-phenylene group, a 3-fluoro-1,4-phenylene group, and a 3,5-difluoro-1,4-phenylene group, and

(c) a 1,4-cyclohexenylene group, a 1,4-bicyclo[2.2.2]octylene group, a piperidine-2,5-diyl group, a naphthalene-2,6-diyl group,
a decahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl group, and a 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl group,

o represents 0, 1, or 2, and
L21 and L22 each independently represent a single bond, —CH2CH2—, —(CH2)4—, —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —OCF2—, —CF2O—, —CH?CH—, —CH?N—N?CH—, or —C?C—, when a plurality of L22 exist, they may be the same as or different from each other, and when a plurality of M23 exist, they may be the same as or different from each other); and

5 mass % to 80 mass % of at least one compound selected from the group consisting of compounds represented by General formulae
(IIIa), (IIIb), (IIIc), (IVa), (IVb), and (IVc):


(in the general formulae (IIIa), (IIIb), and (IIIc), R31, R32, and R33 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms or an alkenyl group having 2 to 10 carbon atoms, one
—CH2— or two or more non-adjacent —CH2— present in these groups may be substituted with —O— or —S—, at least one kind of hydrogen atom present in these groups may
be substituted with a fluorine atom or a chlorine atom,

M31, M32, M33, M34, M35, M36, M37, and M38 each independently represent a group selected from the group consisting of:

(d) a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group (one —CH2— or two or more non-adjacent —CH2—present in this group may be substituted with —O— or —S—),

(e) a 1,4-phenylene group (one —CH? or two or more non-adjacent —CH? present in this group may be substituted with —N?), a
3-fluoro-1,4-phenylene group, and a 3,5-difluoro-1,4-phenylene group, and

(f) a 1,4-cyclohexenylene group, a 1,4-bicyclo[2.2.2]octylene group, a piperidine-2,5-diyl group, a naphthalene-2,6-diyl group,
a 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl group, and a decahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl group, and each hydrogen atom included
in the group (d), the group (e), or the group (f) may be substituted with a cyano group, a fluorine atom, a trifluoromethyl
group, a trifluoromethoxy group, or a chlorine atom,

L31, L32, L33, L34, L35, L36, L37, and L38 each independently represent a single bond, —COO—, —OCO—, —CH2CH2—, —(CH2)4—, —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —OCF2—, —CF2O—, or —C?C—, and when a plurality of M32, M34, M35, M37, M38, L31, L33, L35, L36, and/or L38 are present, they may be the same as or different from each other,

X31, X32, X33, X34, X35, X36, and X37 each independently represent a hydrogen atom or a fluorine atom,

Y31, Y32, and Y33 each independently represent a fluorine atom, a chlorine atom, a cyano group, a thiocyanate group, a trifluoromethoxy group,
a trifluoromethyl group, a 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl group, or a difluoromethoxy group, and

p, q, r, s, and t each independently represent 0, 1, or 2, provided that each of q+r and s+t is 2 or less); and

(in the general formulae (IVa), (IVb), and (IVc), R41, R42, R43, R44, R45, and R46 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms or an alkenyl group having 2 to 10 carbon atoms, and
one —CH2— or two or more non-adjacent —CH2— present in these groups may be substituted with —O— or —S—, and at least hydrogen atom present in these groups may be substituted
with a fluorine atom or a chlorine atom,

M41, M42, M43, M44, M45, M46, M47, M48, and M49 each independently represent a group selected from the group consisting of:

(g) a trans-1,4-cyclohexylene group (one —CH2— or two or more non-adjacent —CH2— present in this group may be substituted with —O— or —S—),

(h) a 1,4-phenylene group (one —CH? or two or more non-adjacent —CH? present in this group may be substituted with —N?), and
(i) a 1,4-cyclohexenylene group, a 1,4-bicyclo[2.2.2]octylene group, a piperidine-2,5-diyl group, a naphthalene-2,6-diyl group,
a 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl group, and a decahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl group, and each hydrogen atom contained
in the group (g), (h), or (i) may be substituted with a cyano group, a fluorine atom, a trifluoromethyl group, a trifluoromethoxy
group, or a chlorine atom,

L41, L42, L43, L44, L45, L46, L47, L48, and L49 each independently represent a single bond, —COO—, —OCO—, —CH2CH2—, —(CH2)4—, —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —OCF2—, —CF2O—, or —C?C—, and when a plurality of M42, M43, M45, M46, M48, M49, L41, L43, L44, L46, L47, and/or L49 are present, they may be the same as or different from each other,

X41, X42, X43, X44, X45, X46, X47, and X48 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, a trifluoromethyl group, a trifluoromethoxy group, a chlorine atom, or a fluorine
atom, any one of X41 and X42 represents a fluorine atom, any one of X43, X44, and X45 represents a fluorine atom, any one of X46, X47, and X48 represents a fluorine atom, provided that X46 and X47 do not represent a fluorine atom at the same time and X46 and X48 do not represent a fluorine atom at the same time,

G represents —CH2— or —O—, and

u, v, w, x, y, and z each independently represent 0, 1, or 2, provided that u+v, w+x, and y+z are each 2 or less).

US Pat. No. 9,624,434

NEMATIC LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE USING THE SAME

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal composition having positive dielectric anisotropy, consisting of:
a dielectrically positive compound represented by Formula (1.1);
and;
14% by mass or more of a compound represented by Formula (1.2):

a compound represented by Formula (3.3):

at least one compound selected from the group consisting of compounds represented by Formulae (4.1), (4.2) and (4.3):

 and
at least one compound selected from the group consisting of the compounds represented by General formulae (I), (III), (VII),
(X), (IV), (II),


wherein R11 represents an alkyl group having 2 to 5 carbon atoms, each of X11 to X14 independently represents a fluorine atom or a hydrogen atom, Y11 represents a fluorine atom, A11 represents a 1,4-phenylene group, a 1,4-cyclohexylene group,

A12 represents a 1,4-phenylene group or a 1,4-cyclohexylene group, and Q11 represents a single bond or —CF2O—,

wherein R31 represents an alkyl group having 2 to 5 carbon atoms, each of X31 and X32 independently represents a fluorine atom or a hydrogen atom, Y31 represents a fluorine atom, Q31 represents a single bond or —CF2O—, and m is 0 or 1,


wherein each of R71 and R72 independently represents an alkyl or alkenyl group having 2 to 5 carbon atoms, each of X71 or X72 independently represents a fluorine atom or a hydrogen atom, A71 represents a 1,4-cyclohexylene group, and each of m and n independently represents 0 or 1,


wherein each of R51 and R52 independently represents an alkyl or alkoxy group having 2 to 5 carbon atoms, and X51 represents a fluorine atom or a hydrogen atom,


wherein each of R41 and R42 indeendently represents an alkyl group having 2 to 5 carbon atoms, Q41 represents a single bond, —CH2CH2—, or —COO—,


wherein R21 represents an alkyl group having 2 to 5 carbon atoms, each of X21 to X25 independently represents a fluorine atom or a hydrogen atom, Q21 represents a single bond or —CF2O—, Y21 represents a fluorine atom, and A21 represents a 1,4-phenylene group or a 1,4-cyclohexylene group.

US Pat. No. 9,580,654

LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE USING THE SAME

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal composition comprising a compound represented by Formula (i), a compound represented by formula (45.2),
a compound represented by formula (45.3), a compound represented by formula (45.4), a compound represented by formula (11.2),
a compound represented by formula (26.2) and a compound represented by Formula (ii)

US Pat. No. 10,047,186

NOVOLAC PHENOL RESIN, MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREFOR, PHOTOSENSITIVE COMPOSITION, RESIST MATERIAL AND COATING FILM

DIC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A novolac phenol resin comprising a product of a reaction under an acid catalyst using, as essential reaction raw materials, a phenolic trinuclear compound (A1), one or more phenolic trinuclear compounds (A2), and an aldehyde (B),the phenolic trinuclear compound (A1) being represented by general formula (1) below,

in the formula (1), R1, R2, and R3 each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, which may have a substituent, the plurality of R1 present may be the same or different, the plurality of R2 present may be the same or different, when a plurality of R3 are present, they may be the same or different, r represents an integer of 0 to 4, s represents 1 or 2, and the sum of r and s is 5 or less, and
the phenolic trinuclear compounds (A2) being selected from the group consisting of compounds represented by general formulae (2-1), (2-2), (2-3) and (2-4) below,

in the formulae, R represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, which may have a substituent, the plurality of R present may be the same or different, R3 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, which may have a substituent, when a plurality of R3 are present, they may be the same or different, and t represents an integer of 0 to 5,
wherein the molar ratio of the phenolic trinuclear compound (A1) to the phenolic trinuclear compound (A2) is 20:80 to 90:10.