US Pat. No. 9,275,207

METHOD AND NETWORK ENTITY FOR REGISTERING A USER ENTITY WITH A COMMUNICATION NETWORK VIA ANOTHER COMMUNICATION NETWORK

Deutsche Telekom AG, Bon...

1. A method for registering a user entity with a first communication network, wherein the user entity and an access entity
providing access to the first communication network are registered with a second communication network, the method comprising:
transferring at least one registration message for registering said user entity with the first communication network between
the user entity and the access entity over the second communication network;

transferring an invitation message from the access entity to the user entity over the second communication network or over
an open link of the first communication network, said invitation message inviting the user entity to access the first communication
network and including a public identification of the access entity; and

in response to receiving the invitation message, transferring a request from the user entity to the access entity over the
second communication network, the request using the transferred public identification of the access entity and requesting
at least one key for accessing the first communication network.

US Pat. No. 9,485,724

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR SPATIOTEMPORAL CONTROL OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF A TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORK DEPENDENT ON CONDITIONS IN THE ENERGY SUPPLY SYSTEM

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for spatiotemporal control of electrical energy consumption of a telecommunications network dependent on conditions
in a power grid for supplying power to the telecommunications network, the power grid having a central power grid monitoring
unit that monitors an operating condition of at least one component connected to the power grid, the telecommunications network
having a telecommunications control unit that controls at least one telecommunications network component of the telecommunications
network, wherein the method comprises the following steps:
detecting an overload in a spatial area of the power grid by exchanging of information between the central power grid monitoring
unit and the telecommunications control unit; and

decreasing power consumption by the telecommunications network in the spatial area corresponding to the overload through configuration
of at least one telecommunications network component in the spatial area corresponding to the overload to reroute communications
to go around the spatial area corresponding to the overload for a time period corresponding to the overload.

US Pat. No. 9,179,432

DISTRIBUTED NETWORK REGISTER

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method of operating a cellular mobile telecommunications network having mobile radio network cells and a network register
in which identifiers of mobile terminals and network-related user data of the terminals are stored, wherein
the network register is formed from a peer-to-peer network having a multiplicity of decentralized register nodes networked
with one another and each associated with and responsible for a respective geographic region formed by one or more of the
mobile radio network cells;

hash tables held in the register nodes hold the identifiers of the terminals as hash values and the user data associated with
these hash values; and

the peer-to-peer network has at least
a first register node associated with and responsible for a first geographic region formed of one or more of the mobile radio
network cells and at which a mobile terminal temporarily registers for communication via the telecommunications network, and

a second register node permanently assigned to the terminal and associated with and responsible for a second geographic region
formed of one or more of the mobile radio network cells,
the method comprising the steps of:
holding in the second register node a hash table in which the identifier associated with the terminal is stored as a hash
value determined by a predetermined hash function,

the terminal directly registering at the first register node by transmitting the identifier when it is located in the first
geographic region,

the first register node determining network-related user data of the mobile terminal on registration, and determining the
hash value from the identifier by the predetermined hash function,

the first register node using the hash value to determine the second register node, and transmitting the network-related user
data to the determined second register node,

storing the network-related user data associated with the hash value in the hash table of the second register node, and
when a system requests the current network-related user data of the terminal at a third register node by transmitting the
identifier associated with the terminal, the third register node

determines the hash value of the identifier by means of the hash function,
uses the determined hash value to determine the second register node, and
requests the network-related user data associated with the determined hash value in the hash table of the second register
node and then transmits it back to the requesting system.

US Pat. No. 9,082,055

METHOD AND COMMUNICATION SYSTEM FOR THE AUTHORIZATION-DEPENDENT CONTROL OF A CONTACTLESS INTERFACE DEVICE

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for authorization-dependent control of a contactless interface of a portable data carrier with contactless communication
capability, the method comprising:
receiving by the portable carrier, first authentication data corresponding to a user of the portable data carrier from an
external device via a contact interface of the portable data carrier;

performing, by the portable data carrier, an authentication operation on the first authentication data;
logically deactivating, by the portable data carrier, in response to successful authentication of the first authentication
data, the contactless interface of the portable data carrier, wherein the logical deactivation of the contactless interface
of the portable data carrier includes:

initiating a filtering function of the portable data carrier,
wherein the filtering function includes denial of commands received via the contactless interface, including commands to read
out data from the portable data carrier;

after logically deactivating the contactless interface of the portable data carrier, receiving, by the portable data carrier,
second authentication data corresponding to the user of the portable data carrier from the external device via the contact
interface of the portable data carrier;

performing; by the portable data carrier, an authentication operation on the second authentication data; and
logically activating, by the portable data carrier, in response to successful authentication of the second authentication
data, the contactless interface of the portable data carrier, wherein the logical activation of the contactless interface
of the portable data carrier includes deactivating the filtering function of the portable data carrier,

wherein the filtering function is configured to cause the portable data carrier to accept only a command operable to activate
the contactless interface.

US Pat. No. 9,191,959

ADMINISTRATOR FOR AUTOMATICALLY ADAPTING A TRANSMISSION CHANNEL

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for exchanging data using a wireless connection, comprising:
providing at least one portable terminal located in a transmission and reception range of at least one network;
logging on automatically to establish a connection to the at least one network by the at least one portable terminal;
providing a transmission channel available for the exchanging of data within a framework of the connection established; and
monitoring a movement of the at least one portable terminal across a boundary of the at least one network,
wherein for the data exchange, a capacity of the transmission channel is adapted automatically to an amount of the data to
be transmitted, by an administrator assigned to the network,

wherein the type of the at least one portable terminal and the type of data to be transmitted is provided to the administrator
from the at least one portable terminal.

US Pat. No. 9,077,972

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ASSESSING THE QUALITY OF A VIDEO SIGNAL DURING ENCODING OR COMPRESSING OF THE VIDEO SIGNAL

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for assessing the quality of a video signal during encoding or compressing of the video signal, the method comprising
the steps of:
estimating, by a video quality processor, the quality (Qcod) of the encoded or compressed video signal using one or more parameters;
using, by the video quality processor, at least one additional parameter to adjust the estimated video signal quality, wherein
the at least one additional parameter includes the key-frame rate (kfr) of the video signal as a Group of Pictures (GOP)-length-related
parameter; and

outputting, by the video quality processor, the adjusted estimated video signal quality;
wherein the adjustment of the estimated video signal quality is in accordance with the following equation:
Qcod=(a1*kfr+a2)*exp(b*br)+c;
where a1, a2, b, and c are coefficients and br is the bit-rate of the video signal.

US Pat. No. 9,462,541

METHOD FOR ENHANCED ACCESS SELECTION FOR A USER EQUIPMENT IN A CELLULAR TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORK, TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORK, AND SYSTEM FOR ENHANCED ACCESS SELECTION OF A USER EQUIPMENT

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for enhanced access selection for a user equipment in a cellular telecommunications network,
wherein the cellular telecommunications network comprises an access network;
wherein the user equipment is located in a radio cell of the access network and in a radio coverage area of an access point,
wherein the radio cell is served by a serving base station entity,
wherein the user equipment is registered with the telecommunications network via the serving base station entity,
wherein the user equipment comprises or receives a policy information data element, the policy information data element being
related to a policy regarding establishment of a data connection, using at least one data bearer, of the user equipment with
the telecommunications network via the access point instead of via the serving base station entity,

wherein in case that a data bearer between the user equipment and the telecommunications network is to be established or is
ongoing, and the policy allows establishment or continuation of the data bearer of the user equipment via the access point
instead of via the serving base station entity, the method comprises the following, steps:

in a first step, the serving base station entity sending validation information to the user equipment, the validation information
having either a positive value, indicating to apply the policy corresponding to the policy information data element, or a
negative value, indicating not to apply the policy corresponding to the policy information data element; and

in a second step, subsequent to the first step, the user equipment applying the policy corresponding to the policy information
data element in case that the validation information has a positive value, and the user equipment terminating the data bearer
or refraining from establishing the data bearer via the access point in case that the validation information has a negative
value.

US Pat. No. 9,208,787

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR THE NATURAL-LANGUAGE RECOGNITION OF A VOCAL EXPRESSION

Deutsche Telekom AG, Bon...

1. A method for the natural language recognition of a vocal expression, comprising the following steps:
detection of the vocal expression and conversion into a voice signal to be processed by a speech recognition device,
sequential analysis of the voice signal in a plurality of speech recognition branches of the speech recognition device using
a plurality of grammars, and

successful completion of the recognition process of the vocal expression, in the case where the analysis of the voice signal
supplies a positive recognition result in at least one speech recognition branch,

characterized by the following steps:
a) feeding of the entire voice signal to a first speech recognition branch comprising a first grammar for analysis of the
voice signal,

b) analysis of the entire voice signal by the first grammar, wherein in the case of a recognition of the entire vocal signal
a positive first recognition is generated and the recognition process is concluded and in the case of a non-recognition of
the entire vocal signal a negative first recognition result is generated for a non-recognized portion of the voice signal,

c) wherein in the case of negative recognition result the non-recognized portion of the voice signal is fed to a further speech
recognition branch comprising a further grammar,

d) analysis of the non-recognized portion of the voice signal by the further grammar, wherein in the case of a recognition
of the entire non-recognized portion of the voice signal a positive recognition is generated and the recognition process is
concluded and in the case of a non-recognition of the entire non-recognized portion of the voice signal a negative recognition
result is generated for a remaining non-recognized portion of the voice signal, and

e) wherein in the case of a negative recognition result in step (d) the method continues with step (c) until the grammars
of all existing speech recognition branches have been run.

US Pat. No. 9,509,716

SOCIAL NETWORK HONEYPOT

Deutsche Telekom AG, Bon...

1. A method for using a system for creating, managing, and monitoring social network (SN) honeypots that will trap attempts
to attack an organization's infrastructure through its employees during the reconnaissance phase of an Advanced Persistent
Threat (APT), the system having:
(a) a Profile Manager device adapted to wire the artificial profile in the SN by taking actions including identifying the
best location in the target social network for seeding the artificial profile, accepting friendship requests, proposing friendship
requests and sending posts and messages on behalf of the artificial profile that will affect the profile in the SN;

(b) a Profile Monitoring device comprising monitoring software adapted to collect events relating to the artificial profiles
and comprising detectors, software, and scanning logic adapted to collect emails sent to specific honeypot mailboxes to which
it has been granted access; to store the email content including timestamp, sender, recipients, subject, content, attachments
and URLs in a database; and to scan and detect any attachments and URLs for possible threats, and to notify a human system
manager of every event relating to the artificial profiles and the honeypot mailboxes; and

(c) a Management graphical user interface (GUI) device comprising a graphical user interface that supports the entire process
of creating, managing, and monitoring the SN honeypot profiles by allowing the human system manager to carry out activities
such as activating specific crawling tasks, viewing the crawled profiles and the topology they create, zooming into profiles
and viewing the events related to honeypots by exploring the emails and scanning results, characterized in that:
A) the Management GUI device also comprises software adapted to perform reoccurring scanning of previous attachments and URLs
collected and stored by the Profile Monitoring device; andB) the system also has:
d) a SN Crawler device comprising at least one plugin, wherein each plugin comprises software adapted to extract actual user
SN profiles of the target organization and/or similar organizations from a designated SN and insert said extracted actual
SN profiles into a generic database of profiles;

e) a Profiles Database which comprises the actual SN profiles extracted by the at least one plugin of the SN Crawler device;
and

f) an Artificial Profile Generator device adapted to generate massive numbers of artificial profiles by using statistical
methods on actual SN profiles stored in a Profiles Database and to connect the artificial profile with other real and artificial
profiles in a social network;

to detect attackers that are interested in attacking an organization's infrastructure through the organization's employees
during the reconnaissance phase of the APT, said method comprising:

a. activating the Profile Manager device to:
i) create artificial user accounts for said artificial users;
ii) add said artificial user accounts to social networks and to employee contact lists;
iii) create email accounts for each of said artificial users;
b) activating the Profile Monitoring device to:
i) monitor the activity of said artificial user accounts in the social networks;
ii) monitor the activity of said email accounts; and
iii) report as suspicious all attempts of third parties to contact said artificial user accounts and said email accounts of
said artificial users;

c) activating the Management GUI device to perform reoccurring scanning of previous attachments and URLs collected and stored
by a Profile Monitoring device;

characterized in that the artificial user profiles are created by:
i) activating at least one plugin of the SN Crawler device to extract actual user profiles from social networks;
ii) storing the extracted actual user profiles in the Profiles Database; and
iii) activating either the Artificial Profile Generator device to generate artificial profiles records by using statistical
methods on the actual SN profiles stored in the Profiles Database or the Management GUI device to enable a human expert to
generate the artificial profiles using data collected by the SN Crawler device from social networks.

US Pat. No. 9,485,105

METHOD AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORK UTILIZING MORE THAN ONE ONLINE CHARGING SYSTEM FOR A GIVEN USER

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for enhanced policy and charging control when a telecommunications network is used by a User Equipment corresponding
to a subscriber, wherein the telecommunications network comprises a Policy and Charging Enforcement Function, a first Online
Charging System, and a second Online Charging System, the method comprising:
communicating, by an interworking credit control function of the telecommunications network, with regard to the same or overlapping
traffic of the subscriber, via a first online charging interface with the Policy and Charging Enforcement Function, via a
second online charging interface with the first Online Charging System, and via a third online charging interface with the
second Online Charging System;

wherein the communicating includes communicating with the first Online Charging System regarding a network usage quota granted
by the first Online Charging System, communicating with the second Online Charging System regarding a network usage quota
granted by the second Online Charging System, and communicating with the Policy and Charging Enforcement Function with regard
to an allocated quota based on the network usage quotas granted by the first and second Online Charging Systems.

US Pat. No. 9,300,474

ENHANCED AUTHENTICATION AND/OR ENHANCED IDENTIFICATION OF A SECURE ELEMENT OF A COMMUNICATION DEVICE

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for enhanced authentication and/or enhanced identification of a secure element of a user equipment, the secure
element being associated with a subscriber of a mobile communication network, wherein a communication link is established
between the user equipment and a first server entity, wherein the secure element comprises a signed public key and a private
key, wherein the secure element and/or the user equipment is authenticated and/or identified by a second server entity, the
method comprising:
transmitting a first message to the secure element;
receiving, by a processor of the first server entity, a second message, subsequent to the transmission of the first message,
from the secure element at the first server entity, the second message comprising at least the signed public key and a signature
information, the signature information being generated from a signing message content using the private key, wherein the signing
message content comprises at least one information element that is omitted in the second message; and

transmitting a third message, subsequent to the transmission of the second message, to the second server entity, the third
message comprising at least the signed public key and the signature information, wherein the signing message content is accessible
to or derivable by the second server entity in view of a verification of the signature information contained in the second
message for authentication and/or identification purposes;

wherein a certificate is used as the signed public key, comprising a public key together with a subject and a signature, and
wherein the second server entity retrieves the at least one information element from the subject of the certificate, wherein
the subject is an identification information of the secure element.

US Pat. No. 9,135,018

COMPUTER CLUSTER AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING A DISASTER RECOVERY FUNCTIONALITY FOR A COMPUTER CLUSTER

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A computer cluster, comprising:
a first compartment comprising a plurality of first physical nodes configured to provide first resources for a first infrastructural
virtual instance and second resources for guest virtual instances, each of the plurality of first physical nodes comprising
a first mass storage device, the first mass storage device comprising:

a first partition provided for booting the first physical node;
a second partition as part of the first resources assigned to the first infrastructural virtual instance; and
a third partition as part of the second resources; and
a second compartment comprising a plurality of second physical nodes configured to provide third resources for a second infrastructural
virtual instance and fourth resources for guest virtual instances, each of the plurality of second physical nodes comprising
a second mass storage device, the second mass storage device comprising:

a fourth partition provided for booting the second physical node;
a fifth partition as part of the third resources assigned to the second infrastructural virtual instance; and
a sixth partition as part of the fourth resources;
wherein the first infrastructural virtual instance and the second infrastructural virtual instance are configured for monitoring
each other and for finding each data sniplet of a data object from each entry point based on labeling each data sniplet with
an identifier, the identifier including information for linking the data sniplet to other data sniplets for recreation of
the data object as a multiple linked list;

wherein the plurality of the first physical nodes and the plurality of second physical nodes are configured to, when a node
uses an amount of its resources exceeding a threshold amount, relocate and relabel the data sniplets of the data object based
on transmission time delays, wherein the transmission time delays are based on round trip time measurements corresponding
to the data sniplets.

US Pat. No. 9,055,397

METHOD FOR USAGE OF VPLMN INFRASTRUCTURE BY AN HPLMN TO TERMINATE AN IMS SESSION SET UP FOR A ROAMING USER

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for providing a roaming functionality related to an Internet Protocol Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) session, wherein
a first User Equipment (UE) is associated to a Home Public Land Mobile Network (HPLMN) and wherein the first UE roams in a
Visited Public Land Mobile Network (VPLMN), wherein the Home Public Land Mobile Network (HPLMN) comprises a first IMS domain,
wherein the VPLMN comprises a second IMS domain, and wherein the VPLMN comprises a Roaming Border Control Function (RBCF),
wherein a session set-up of an IMS session requires the handling of control signaling and the establishment of a user plane
path, wherein a session set-up request originates from the roaming first UE towards a second UE, the second UE being attached
to a target network, the method comprising the steps of:
transmitting, by the second IMS domain, a session set-up request control signaling to the first IMS domain;
transmitting, by the first IMS domain, the session set-up request control signaling in a forward direction to the RBCF of
the VPLMN; and

handling, by the second IMS domain, the user plane path and the associated control signaling to terminate the session set-up;
wherein local break out of media is applied for the roaming first UE; and
wherein the RBCF of the VPLMN provides a linking of signaling received via a loop through the first IMS domain in the HPLMN
with media anchored due to the local break out in the second IMS domain in the VPLMN.

US Pat. No. 9,136,935

CELLULAR WIDE-AREA RADIO COMMUNICATION SYSTEM WITH RELAY-ENHANCED CELLS

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, (DE...

1. A cellular wide-area radio communications system comprising:
a plurality of base stations;
a plurality of fixed relay stations; and
a plurality of mobile stations;
wherein each of said relay stations is associated with at least one of said base stations, wherein each of said mobile stations
is associated at least (with one of said base stations or one of said relay stations, wherein wireless data [transmissions
between mobile stations and base stations take place either as single-hop data transmissions between said mobile stations
and their associated base stations, or as multi-hop data transmissions that comprise a data transmission between said mobile
stations and their associated relay stations and a data transmission between said relay stations and base stations associated
with said relay stations, and wherein an average number of multi-hop data transmissions in said radio communications system
is equal to, or larger than, an average number of single-hop data transmissions.

US Pat. No. 9,485,217

METHOD FOR CONFIGURING NETWORK NODES OF A TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORK, TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORK, PROGRAM AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for configuring network nodes of a telecommunications network, the telecommunications network comprising a plurality
of remote network nodes, a plurality of firewall entities, and a plurality of central network nodes, the method comprising:
connecting a remote network node to the telecommunications network;
configuring the remote network node based on a first set of configuration parameters;
authenticating, by an encryption information infrastructure, the remote network node based on an encryption information obtained
by the remote network node from the encryption information infrastructure;

sending, by the remote network node, an initial configuration message, directly or indirectly, a firewall entity of the plurality
of firewall entities, wherein the initial configuration message includes the encryption information obtained by the remote
network node from the encryption information infrastructure;

authenticating, by the firewall entity, using the encryption information from the initial configuration message, the remote
network node; and

configuring the firewall entity based on a second set of configuration parameters obtained from the initial configuration
message from the remote network node.

US Pat. No. 9,235,431

METHOD AND PROGRAM FOR INITIATING A SECOND SERVICE IN DEPENDENCY OF A FIRST SERVICE

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for initiating a second service in dependency of a first service using individually configured event-driven state-machines,
the method comprising:
executing the first service in a first communication space;
transmitting a first event to an operator unit in dependency of the first service;
triggering a first event-driven state-machine of the operator unit by the first event;
generating a second event by the first event-driven state-machine;
transmitting the second event to at least one of the first communication space and a second communication space; and
initiating the second service in the at least one of the first communication space and the second communication space by the
second event;

wherein the first event-driven state-machine is pushed from an internet server to the operator unit by a second event-driven
state-machine;

wherein the first event-driven state-machine is individually configurable by a user for initiating the second event in dependency
of the first event;

wherein:
an initial first service triggers an initial web event which is transmitted to the second event-driven state-machine by a
first application of the operator unit, wherein the initial web event triggers the second event-driven state-machine in such
a manner that the first event-driven state-machine is pushed to the operator unit; and

the first event-driven state-machine is initially pushed from the internet server towards the operator unit by the second
event-driven state-machine in such a manner that the first application includes at least partially the functionality of the
first event-driven state-machine.

US Pat. No. 9,185,535

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR SYNCHRONIZATION OF SPEECH AND DATA CONCERNING LOCATION INFORMATION FOR LOCATION-RELATED SERVICES

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for processing emergency calls from a mobile device, comprising:
receiving, at a service center, an emergency call from the mobile device via a speech channel and a data channel, wherein
the emergency call includes reception of location information via the data channel from the mobile device and reception of
location information in encoded form via the speech channel from the mobile device;

comparing, by a computing device at the service center, the location information received via the speech channel with the
location information received via the data channel; and

synchronizing, by the computing device at the service center, a speech portion of the emergency call with a data portion of
the emergency call based on a result of the comparison of the location information received via the speech channel with the
location information received via the data channel indicating a match;

wherein the location information received via the speech channel and the location information received via the data channel
correspond to a location of the mobile device.

US Pat. No. 9,125,225

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR PROACTIVE AND DYNAMIC CROSS-LAYER OPTIMIZATION OF DATA TRANSMISSION TO VEHICLES

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method of controlling electronic data transmission for a mobile communication device located in a movable or moving vehicle,
the method comprising:
a) obtaining at least one of location data and movement data relating to the vehicle;
b) determining, based on the at least one of location data and movement data, a predicted position of the vehicle;
c) determining a capacity situation corresponding to a mobile communication network to which the mobile communication device
is currently connected, and determining, based on the predicted position of the vehicle, a future mobile coverage situation
for the vehicle corresponding to the predicted position of the vehicle; and

d) dynamically adapting network and service parameters associated with an ongoing service being provided to the mobile communication
device by the mobile communication network to which the mobile communication device is currently connected based on the mobile
coverage situation for the vehicle corresponding to the predicted position of the vehicle;

wherein step (c) includes determining an average radio capacity along a route of the vehicle, wherein the average radio capacity
is stored in a database and updated based on measurements collected by user terminals and transmitted back to the mobile communication
network;

wherein step (d) is performed based on information about instantaneous communication services requested by other mobile; and
wherein the method further comprises:
establishing connectivity between the mobile communication device and the mobile communication network through a local connectivity
device provided in the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,184,913

AUTHENTICATING A TELECOMMUNICATION TERMINAL IN A TELECOMMUNICATION NETWORK

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for authenticating, on a server device in a telecommunications network, a telecommunications terminal comprising
an identity module, wherein identity information uniquely allocated to the identity module is used for the authentication
using asymmetric cryptography, wherein a first key pair comprising a first public key and a first private key is allocated
to the identity module, and wherein a second key pair comprising a second public key and a second private key is allocated
to the server device, the method comprising;
storing, at the identity module, the first private key, the first public key and a first signature, the first signature being
based on signing the first public key using the second private key;

generating the identity information and a second signature, the second signature being based on signing the identity information
using the first private key;

transmitting the first public key, the identity information, and the first and second signatures to the server device;
verifying, by the server device, the authenticity of the first public key using the second public key; and
verifying, by the server device, the authenticity of the identity information using the verified first public key;
wherein the identity information comprises International Mobile Subscriber Identity (IMSI) information corresponding to the
identity module.

US Pat. No. 9,386,093

PRICE-AWARE NEIGHBORHOOD SELECTION FOR PEER-TO-PEER NETWORKS

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for peer-to-peer file sharing, comprising:
receiving a request for a list of neighbor peers, wherein the request is made by a requesting peer device to a tracker, and
wherein the requesting peer device has a local internet service provider (ISP);

employing a server device to rank each neighbor peer in a plurality of neighbor peers based on whether the respective neighbor
peer is external to the local ISP, and if the respective neighbor peer is external to the ISP, further based on a cost metric
associated with a next ISP hop from the requesting peer device to the respective neighbor peer;

generating the list of neighbor peers based on the ranking of the neighbor peers; and
enabling transmission of the list of neighbor peers to the requesting peer device;
wherein the cost metric associated with the next ISP hop includes a determination of whether the ISP associated with the next
ISP hop is a customer ISP of the local ISP, a determination of whether the ISP associated with the next ISP hop is a peering
ISP of the local ISP, and, upon determination that the ISP associated with the next ISP hop is neither a customer ISP nor
a peering ISP of the local ISP, a determination of a price rate corresponding to the ISP associated with the next ISP hop
based on traffic sent from the local ISP to the ISP associated with the next ISP hop.

US Pat. No. 9,344,962

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE ACTIVITY OF A BASE STATION ENTITY IN A MOBILE COMMUNICATION NETWORK

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for controlling the activity of a base station in a mobile communication network via a mobile device, wherein
the base station is operable in a first and a second operational mode and wherein the base station comprises a transmitter
chain and a receiver chain, the method comprising:
receiving, by the mobile device, a first reactivation information, the first reactivation information being related to activating
the first operational mode of the base station from the second operational mode of the base station;

transmitting, by the mobile device, a second reactivation information to the base station during a predetermined sensitive
time interval of the base station so as to cause the base station to apply the first operational mode, wherein the second
reactivation information comprises information content of one bit that causes only a specific part of the base station to
be switched on for providing a control channel;

wherein the first operational mode corresponds to the base station transmitting radio frequency signals such that the control
channel is received in a radio coverage area of the base station by the mobile device; and

wherein the second operational mode corresponds to the base station switching off the transmitter chain and not providing
the control channel in the radio coverage area of the base station, switching off the receiver chain of the base station for
a predetermined inactivation time interval, and switching on the receiver chain of the base station for the predetermined
sensitive time interval.

US Pat. No. 9,300,793

PROVISION OF A PERSONALIZED INDICATOR DATUM WHEN SETTING UP A TELECOMMUNICATION

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A system for providing a personalized indicator datum on a first terminal when setting up a call between the first terminal
and at least one second terminal, comprising:
at least one user interface associated with at least one database of an intelligent network of a telecommunication network
of the first terminal, wherein the at least one user interface is accessed via the first terminal, wherein the at least one
user interface forms at least one of a graphics and a voice-guided user interface,

wherein at least one identification datum assigned to the at least one second terminal is assigned to an identification datum
of the first terminal at the at least one database; and as a function of the assignment, at least one indicator datum previously
selected by the first terminal is stored at the at least one database,

an application portal, accessible via the at least one user interface of the first terminal, implements:
the identification datum of the at least one second terminal, as the identification datum of the called terminal, is assigned
to the identification datum of the first terminal, as the calling terminal, in at least one database; and

the at least one indicator datum as the function of the assignment is stored as the indicator datum for the second terminal
as the called terminal,

the identification datum of the at least one second terminal, as the identification datum of the calling terminal, is assigned
to the identification datum of the first terminal as the called terminal in a first database; and

the at least one indicator datum as the function of the assignment is stored as indicator datum for the second terminal as
the calling terminal;

as the function of the assignment, setting a trigger data point for a user line of the first terminal;
wherein in response to the set trigger detection point, an exchange unit of the telecommunication network reroutes a transmission
channel of the second terminal for the transmission of the indicator datum to the second terminal to an intelligent periphery
of the intellgent network cooperating with the database in which the indicator datum is stored;

the intelligent periphery cooperating with the intelligent network, and an exchange unit, which responds to a set Telocator
Data Protocol (TDP) and, in cooperation with the intelligent network, reroutes the transmission channel of the second terminal
to an Protocol (IP) for transmission of the indicator datum to the second terminal;

wherein at least one of an acoustical data and an optical data is at least one of stored and transmitted as the indicator
datum;

wherein, upon initiating a call set-up between the first terminal and at least one additional terminal;
the intelligent network effects a comparison of at least one identification datum of at least one additional terminal with
the assigned at least one identification datum of the at least one second terminal, and,

upon determining a match between the at least one identification datum of the at least one additional terminal and the assigned
at least one identification datum of the at least one second terminal, the intelligent network effects a transmitting of the
at least one stored indicator datum to the matched at least one second terminal in a form of software and adapting at least
one of a hardware and a memory of the second terminal device to indicate the indicator datum,

wherein the at least one stored indicator is activated at the at least one second terminal, wherein one of (a) the first terminal
and (b) the at least one second terminal is a calling terminal and the other of (a) the first terminal and (b) the at least
one second terminal is a called terminal

wherein a data record, assignable to the first terminal is generated as a function of the indicator datum, the identification
datum of at least one of the first terminal, and the identification datum of the at least one second terminal; and

initiating a further authentication procedure in an application specific manner when the identification datum of the first
terminal does not correspond to terminal identification datum stored in the first or additional database.

US Pat. No. 9,094,701

METHOD AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM FOR REGISTERING A USER WITH AN IPTV SERVICE

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for protecting privacy when a user logs into a secured personalized IPTV service using a mobile communications
device that is subscribed to a mobile network operator and in which an authentication application is installed, comprising
the steps of:
requesting a secured personalized IPTV service at an IPTV terminal;
establishing a communication connection between the IPTV terminal and an authentication service;
transmitting an address of the authentication service and a session identifier of the secured personalized IPTV service from
the authentication service to the IPTV terminal;

transferring the address of the authentication service and the session identifier of the secured personalized IPTV service
to the mobile communications device;

in response to the address of the authentication service, transmitting an authentication message that includes an authentication
request and an identification number of the mobile communications device, from the authentication application of the mobile
communications device to the authentication service;

performing secure authentication between the authentication service and the mobile communications device;
in response to successful authentication, generating a password, and determining an IPTV user identifier associated with the
identification number of the mobile communications device, by the authentication service;

transmitting the password to the IPTV terminal;
transmitting the IPTV user identifier to the secured personalized IPTV service; and
logging the user into the secured personalized IPTV service by transmitting the password from the IPTV terminal to the secured
personalized IPTV service.

US Pat. No. 9,054,975

VIRTUALIZATION AND REPLAY-BASED SYSTEM FOR NETWORK DEBUGGING

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method of analyzing a network by replaying network traffic flows, the method comprising:
providing, by a computing system, options to a user regarding which network traffic subset from a group of network traffic
subsets is to be recorded for a network device;

receiving, by the computing system, a user selection of a network traffic subset that is to be recorded for the network device;
recording, by a recording subsystem of the computing system, the network traffic subset for the network device during operation
of the network; and

replaying, by a replaying subsystem of the computing system, at least a portion of the network traffic subset relative to
the network device at a user-selected pace so as to facilitate debugging of one or more network defects, wherein the replaying
includes reproducing network traffic flows between network devices, including the network device, from the operation of the
network.

US Pat. No. 9,100,833

BASE STATION APPARATUS FOR OPERATION AS PART OF AN ACCESS NETWORK OF A TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORK

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A base station apparatus for operation as part of an access network of a mobile telecommunications network, the base station
apparatus comprising:
a housing;
a radio interface unit and a core network interface unit in the housing, the radio interface unit comprising a first integrated
circuit and the core network interface unit comprising a second integrated circuit, wherein the first and second integrated
circuits are configured to transfer data in plain text between one another;

a network line section between the first and second integrated circuits; and
a measuring apparatus, operatively connected to the network line section, wherein the measuring apparatus is configured to
detect at least one line parameter of the network line section, the at least one line parameter including at least one of:
the input impedance of the network line section; the insulation value of the network line section; the capacitance of the
network line section; or the inductance of the network line section;

wherein the base station apparatus is configured to, in response to the measuring apparatus detecting a change in the at least
one line parameter exceeding a predefined threshold value, generate an indicator signal and transmit the indicator signal
to at least one of the radio interface unit or the core network interface unit, wherein the indicator signal is indicative
of an attack on the network line section via an electrical, capacitive, and/or inductive tap; and

wherein the base station apparatus is further configured to, in response to the indicator signal being generated, alert a
network element of the core network of the telecommunications network; or the base station apparatus is further configured
to, in response to the indicator signal being generated, alert a telecommunications terminal connected to the base station
apparatus via the radio interface unit.

US Pat. No. 9,332,579

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR EFFICIENT USE OF A TELECOMMUNICATION NETWORK AND THE CONNECTION BETWEEN THE TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORK AND A CUSTOMER PREMISES EQUIPMENT

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for efficiently establishing or configuring a connection between a telecommunications network and a customer premises
equipment (CPE) via an access node, the method comprising the steps of:
establishing a physical communication channel between the access node of the telecommunications network and the CPE, the physical
communication channel being assigned to a network access-related identification information related to the access node;

providing, by the telecommunications network, a public or private Internet Protocol (IP) address to the CPE for use by the
CPE to communicate with an IP Edge node of the telecommunications network, the IP address being associated with the network
access-related identification information and an IP session or connection realizing a logical communication channel being
initiated between the IP Edge node of the telecommunications network and the CPE, wherein the IP Edge node is a routing device
having a plurality of access and permission rules regarding different IP addresses on different virtual interfaces, wherein
the logical communication channel corresponds to the IP session or connection;

initially assigning, by the telecommunications network, a first functionality level to the public or private IP address; and
assigning, by the telecommunications network, a second functionality level to the public or private IP address, when the telecommunications
network is able to relate the network access-related identification information to a contract-related identification information,
wherein the network access-related identification information is a port ID information and/or a line ID information and wherein
the contract-related identification information corresponds to a user, and wherein relating the network access-related identification
information to the contract-related identification information comprises an authentication based on a Network Attachment Subsystem
(NASS) of an Internet Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) of the telecommunications network, wherein the authentication uses the NASS
of the telecommunications network for authenticating an application session.

US Pat. No. 9,232,216

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ASSESSING THE QUALITY OF A VIDEO SIGNAL DURING ENCODING AND TRANSMISSION OF THE VIDEO SIGNAL

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for assessing the quality of a transmitted video signal sequence at the receiver side, the method comprising the
steps of:
a) capturing the received input video bit stream prior to decoding and supplying it to a video bit stream analyzer;
b) extracting, during a measurement time window, one or more features from the captured packet headers by the bit stream analyzer,
without analyzing or decoding the packet payload;

c) computing from the one or more features, a single parameter, xwpSEQ, representing an estimate of the spatio-temporal extent
of the signal degradation due to packet-loss, wherein the single parameter, xwpSEQ, is based on the number (N) of Group of
Pictures (GOPs) in the measurement window and the spatio-temporal extent (xl_k) of the losses occurring in the affected Group
of Pictures (k), wherein the spatio-temporal extent (xl_k) of the losses occurring in a Group of Pictures (k) is calculated
based on the proportion of impaired pixels in the hit frame due to a loss event (xl_i), the loss location relative to the
start of the GOP (t_i), and the length of the GOP (T_k) using the relation xl_k=?ixl_i??ixl_i*t_i/T_k, wherein the computing additionally takes into account a correcting factor (?1,k) representing the spatio-temporal complexity of the video sequence, by which the contribution xl_k of the losses in GOP k
to the overall parameter xwpSEQ is corrected, using the relation xwpSEQ=?k=1N?1,k*xl_k/N or xwpSEQ=?k=1N?1,k*xl_k*T_k/?k=1NT_k, where N is the number of GOPs in the measurement window and T_k is the length of GOP k;

d) supplying the determined parameter to a quality estimation module; and
e) calculating, by the quality estimation module, a quality measure due to packet loss (Qtrans) based on the single parameter representing the estimate of the spatio-temporal extent of the signal degradation, xwpSEQ,
due to packet-loss and based on video resolution information and employed video codec.

US Pat. No. 9,076,329

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR FUSION OF TRAFFIC DATA WHEN INFORMATION IS INCOMPLETE

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for merging imprecisely localized traffic reports with precisely localized traffic data, comprising the following
steps:
obtaining, by a traffic determination device, an imprecisely localized traffic report indicating a disturbance within a region
between a first point and a second point;

obtaining, by the traffic determination device, a precise traffic report corresponding to a region between a third point and
a fourth point, wherein the region between the third point and the fourth point at least partially overlaps the region between
the first point and the second point;

determining, by the traffic determination device, a first portion between the first point and the second point where the precise
traffic report confirms the imprecisely localized traffic report, a second portion between the first point and the second
point where the precise traffic report refutes the imprecisely localized traffic report, and a third portion between the first
point and the second point where the precise traffic report neither confirms nor refutes the imprecisely localized traffic
report;

estimating, by the traffic determination device, locations of two endpoints for the reported disturbance by solving an extremum
problem based on applying weighting criteria to the first, second, and third portions; and

merging, by the traffic determination device, the precise traffic report with the imprecisely localized traffic report between
the estimated locations of the two endpoints, wherein the merging includes giving priority to the precise traffic report at
locations where the precise traffic report conflicts with the imprecisely localized traffic report; and

providing, by the traffic determination device, the result of the merging as a traffic situation estimate.

US Pat. No. 9,413,647

MULTI-PROTOCOL LABEL SWITCHING (MPLS) FUNCTIONALITY IN A COMMUNICATIONS NETWORK BETWEEN A FIRST NODE AND A SECOND NODE VIA A WIRELESS CONNECTION

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A system for providing a Multi-Protocol Label Switching (MPLS) functionality in a communications network between a first
node and a remotely located second node via a wireless connection between a first wireless interface and a second wireless
interface, the system comprising:
an enhanced eNodeB of a Radio Access Network (RAN) of an Evolved Packet System (EPS) network, configured to provide the first
wireless interface; and

a user equipment connected to the second node, configured to provide the second wireless interface;
wherein the enhanced eNodeB is part of a first network area and the second node is part of a second network area, wherein
the first network area is connected to the second network area via the wireless connection and the enhanced eNodeB is configured
to extend MPLS functionality to the second node via the wireless connection and the user equipment;

wherein the enhanced eNodeB is a Label Edge Router (LER) of a MPLS domain; and
wherein the user equipment is further configured to encapsulate Ethernet data frames into Long Term Evolution (LTE) Packet
Data Convergence Protocol (PDCP) data units.

US Pat. No. 9,294,905

METHOD FOR ENHANCING THE USE OF PROXIMITY SERVICES IN A PUBLIC LAND MOBILE NETWORK

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for enhancing the use of proximity services in a public land mobile network, wherein the public land mobile network
comprises an access network, the access network having a base transceiver station for a geographic area, wherein a plurality
of user equipments within the geographic area receive control signals from the base transceiver station, wherein the plurality
of user equipment are proximity services-enabled user equipments, wherein—in case of an activated proximity services functionality
of a user equipment—a proximity services activation information is either stored in the public land mobile network or sent
by that user equipment and the user equipment emits a proximity services discovery signal, wherein the method comprises the
following steps:
in a first step, the base transceiver station receives a first proximity services activation information related to a first
user equipment of the plurality of user equipments;

in a second step, the base transceiver station receives a second proximity services activation information related to a second
user equipment of the plurality of user equipments;

in a third step, a proximity services broadcast information is broadcasted from the base transceiver station to the plurality
of user equipments within the geographic area, wherein the proximity services broadcast information indicates that one or
more user equipments have activated proximity services functionality; and

in a fourth step, in response to receiving the proximity services broadcast information, the first user equipment starts to
emit a first proximity services discovery signal and the second user equipment starts to emit a second proximity services
discovery signal.

US Pat. No. 9,282,002

METHOD FOR OPERATING A REMOTE CONTROLLED NETWORK ELEMENT

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for operating a remote-controlled network element in a telecommunication network, the method comprising:
configuring the remote-controlled network element with a new configuration;
measuring whether a network connection failure between the remote-controlled network element and a network management system
of the telecommunication network exists after configuring the remote-controlled network element with the new configuration;
and

in response to detecting the network connection failure between the remote-controlled network element and a network management
system of the telecommunication network based on the measuring, setting the remote-controlled network element automatically
to a standard configuration and establishing a network connection between the remote-controlled network element and the network
management system using the standard configuration;

wherein setting the remote-controlled network element automatically to the a standard configuration and establishing the network
connection comprises:

loading a previous Internet Protocol Security (IPSec) certificate in case that the previous IPSec certificate has been at
least partly replaced during the configuration of the remote-controlled network element with the new configuration; and

establishing the network connection between the remote-controlled network element and the network management system using
the previous IPSec certificate.

US Pat. No. 9,264,169

METHOD FOR THE ADAPTIVE CONFIGURATION OF THE TRANSMISSION SPECTRUM IN WDM-PONS

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for adaptive configuration of a transmission signal in a coherent Wavelength-Division Multiplexing-Passive Optical
Network (WDM-PON) having an optical line termination and a plurality of end nodes, the method comprising:
(a) generating, by at least m lasers, the transmission signal, wherein each of the at least m lasers is associated with a
respective optical transmission spectrum having p associated spectral ranges, wherein a spectral range of the transmission
signal is suitable for transmitting data in the coherent WDM-PON to an associated active end node of ka active end nodes, wherein a respective active end node of the ka active end nodes is associated with a spectral range of the m lasers and wherein ka?m·p, m is a positive integer and p is a positive integer;

(b) monitoring the ka active end nodes;

(c) if the number of active end nodes is reduced to ka?(m?1)·p:

reassigning active end nodes associated with a spectral range of a laser to be switched off to a respective free spectral
range of another laser,

announcing the new assignment of the spectral ranges by transmitting a message to one or more end nodes assigned to the laser
to be switched off, and

switching off the laser to be switched off.

US Pat. No. 9,485,017

MONITORING OF OPTICAL PERFORMANCE IN AN OPTICAL DATA TRANSMISSION NETWORK

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for monitoring optical performance in an optical data transmission network, wherein the optical data transmission
network comprises a first router node, a second router node, and an optical data transmission line connecting the first router
node with the second router node providing optical data transmission from the first router node to the second router node
using at least two channels, each of the at least two channels using a predetermined wavelength, wherein the optical data
transmission network comprises a plurality of amplifier nodes arranged in series along the optical data transmission line
between the first router node and the second router node, wherein the second router node comprises a spare IP router interface,
and wherein the method comprises:
in a measurement step, determining, at the spare IP router interface, optical performance parameters of the at least two channels;
in a transmission step subsequent to the measurement step, transmitting the determined optical performance parameters to a
remote control unit; and

in an analysis step subsequent to the transmission step, analyzing the transmitted optical performance parameters and determining
whether to take a corrective action to improve optical performance of the at least two channels;

wherein the analysis step further comprises:
determining a minimum optical receive power level as well as a corresponding minimum optical receive power channel of the
at least two channels, and determining a receive power range indicative of the distribution of the optical receive power levels
of the at least two channels.

US Pat. No. 9,432,931

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE ACTIVITY OF A BASE STATION ENTITY OF A FIRST TYPE IN A MOBILE COMMUNICATION NETWORK

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for controlling the activity of a base station entity of a first type in a mobile communication network via a
mobile device having a communication link to a base station entity of a second type,
the base station entity of the second type configured with a first Radio Access Technology (RAT) and the base station entity
of the first type configured with a second RAT, the first RAT providing the mobile device with only a first type of service
and the second RAT providing the mobile device with only a second type of service different than the first type of service,

wherein the base station entity of the first type is able to be operated in at least a first and a second operational mode,
wherein the first operational mode corresponds to the base station entity of the first type transmitting radio frequency signals
such that a control channel corresponding to the second RAT is received in a radio coverage area of the base station entity
of the first type by the mobile device, wherein the second operational mode corresponds to the base station entity of the
first type not providing the control channel corresponding to the second RAT in the radio coverage area of the base station
entity of the first type for the mobile device such that the control channel corresponding to the second RAT is not received
in the radio coverage area of the base station entity of the first type by the mobile device,

wherein the method comprises:
sending, by the mobile device, a connection request to the base station entity of the second type, the connection request
being related to a request of the mobile device to have a communication link with the base station entity of the first type,
the sending being while the base station entity of the first type is in its second operational mode; and

activating the first operational mode of the base station entity of the first type and establishing the communication link
between the mobile device and the base station entity of the first type;

wherein a plurality of base station entities of the first type correspond to a radio coverage area of the base station entity
of the second type, and wherein the choice of the base station entity of the first type is to be activated in the activating
step is dependent on at least one out of the following:

a detected position of the mobile device within the radio coverage area of the base station entity of the second type; a detected
speed and/or direction of motion of the mobile device within the radio coverage area of the base station entity of the second
type; a geographical or infrastructural situation within the radio coverage area of the base station entity of the second
type; and the mobile device;

wherein during the second operational mode, the mobile device does not know of the existence of the base station entity of
the first type and is unable to receive the second type of service.

US Pat. No. 9,374,282

METHOD OF AND SYSTEM FOR MEASURING QUALITY OF AUDIO AND VIDEO BIT STREAM TRANSMISSIONS OVER A TRANSMISSION CHAIN

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method of measuring quality of packetized audio and video transmission over a transmission chain, the method comprising:
a) providing one or more measurement detectors along the transmission chain;
b) detecting, by the one or more measurement detectors, loss of bit stream packets at one or more measurement points;
c) determining a unique identifier for each detected lost packet;
d) sending, by the one or more measurement detectors, a list of unique identifiers corresponding to lost packets to a central
monitoring system;

e) constructing, by the central monitoring system, a simulated stream for each measurement point corresponding to a respective
bit stream having lost packets based on a stored error-free stream and the received list of unique identifiers; and

f) evaluating each constructed simulated stream to derive a quality score for each measurement point;
wherein a unique identifier for a MPEG-2 transport stream packet comprises or is derived from a presentation time stamp, an
additional counter, and a continuity counter.

US Pat. No. 9,369,476

SYSTEM FOR DETECTION OF MOBILE APPLICATIONS NETWORK BEHAVIOR-NETWISE

Deutsche Telekom AG, Bon...

1. A method for protecting a mobile communication device in a cellular network from unauthorized harmful applications, wherein
the mobile communication device comprises electronic circuits, a processor, local data storage units, a graphical user interface
(GUI), and a traffic detection application installed on the mobile communication device; the method comprising:
a) executing Registration software in the traffic detection application to activate the processor to extract from a local
storage unit a list of all applications installed on the mobile communication device and mobile communication device identifiers;

b) executing Configuration Manager software in the traffic detection application to activate the processor to receive and
load in a local storage unit configuration parameters;

c) executing Logging software in the traffic detection application to activate the processor to record in a local storage
unit specified events in log files on the mobile communication device;

d) executing Features Extraction Manager software in the traffic detection application to manage extraction, aggregation and
learning processes according to defined time intervals by:

i) executing Features Extraction software in the traffic detection application to activate the processor to perform measurement
of defined features at defined time periods and to store the measurements in a Features storage unit;

ii) executing Features Aggregation software in the traffic detection application to activate the processor to compute and
store in the Features storage unit defined aggregations over all the extracted measurements for the specified time period;

iii) executing Local Learner software in the traffic detection application to activate the processor to induce from the defined
aggregations that are stored in the Features storage unit local models representing an application's normal traffic patterns
specific for the mobile communication device on which it is installed and to store the induced local models in a Models storage
unit;

e) executing Models Manager software in the traffic detection application to activate the processor to perform operations
related to the models stored in the Models storage unit;

f) executing Anomaly Detector software in the traffic detection application to activate the processor to perform online analysis
of an application's network behavior and to detect deviations from normal behavior patterns; and

g) executing Alerts Handler software in the traffic detection application to activate the processor to present alerts to a
user on the GUI of the mobile communication device when a deviation from the normal behavior pattern of an application is
detected;

wherein, all software of the application is installed and run on a single mobile communication device, to analyze network
behavior of applications running on the mobile communication device and detect meaningful deviations from the application's
observed normal behavior; thereby to detect previously unknown malware applications based only on the data available on the
mobile communication device, independently of other mobile communication devices or servers present in the cellular network.

US Pat. No. 9,344,959

METHOD AND PROGRAM FOR ENHANCED PLMN SELECTION IN A PUBLIC LAND MOBILE NETWORK

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for enhanced Public Land Mobile Network (PLMN) selection in a cellular mobile network, wherein a User Equipment
comprises information related to a PLMN selection mode indicating a manner of selecting between PLMNs for the User Equipment,
the method comprising:
transmitting the information related to the PLMN selection mode to a Registered Public Land Mobile Network (RPLMN) of the
User Equipment; and

performing an attachment of the User Equipment to an other PLMN based on the information related to the PLMN selection mode
under conditions where the RPLMN and the other PLMN are both available to the User Equipment for attachment, wherein the information
related to the PLMN selection mode indicates the manner of selecting between PLMNs for the User Equipment is a manual PLMN
selection mode, and wherein the information related to the PLMN selection mode further comprises a Mobile Country Code (MCC)
and a Mobile Network Code (MNC) corresponding to the other PLMN;

wherein the information related to the PLMN selection mode is transmitted to a radio access network of the RPLMN by:
using a Subscriber Profile Identity (SPID) concept and a single code point being defined or multiple code points being defined
for the information related to the PLMN selection mode for indicating, the manual PLMN selection mode: or

using an RRC CONNECTION REQUEST COMPLETE message by indicating only in case that the manual PLMN selection mode is verified.

US Pat. No. 9,462,613

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR GEOGRAPHICALLY SELECTIVE HANDLING OF BROADCAST MESSAGES IN A MOBILE RADIO ACCESS NETWORK

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for sending broadcast messages in a mobile telecommunications network to mobile terminals within a local radio
coverage area of the mobile telecommunications network, wherein the radio coverage area has a radio access network entity
for broadcasting the broadcast messages, the method comprising:
receiving, by a mobile terminal, geographical validity information corresponding to a broadcast message from the radio access
network entity, wherein the geographical validity information is based on a definition of a subarea of the radio coverage
area and includes reference information pointing to content of the broadcast message;

validating, by the mobile terminal, prior to transmission of the content of the broadcast message to the mobile terminal,
the geographical validity information relative to a geographical location of the mobile terminal; and

receiving, by the mobile terminal, the content of the broadcast message based on the reference information and decoding, by
the mobile terminal, the content of the broadcast message, wherein receiving and decoding the content of the broadcast message
is only in response to positive validation of the broadcast message.

US Pat. No. 9,344,346

LOOPING MPLS PATHS AT FORWARDING LEVEL FOR CONNECTIONLESS MPLS NETWORKS

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for transferring Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) packets in a connectionless network, the MPLS packets passing
a number of inner MPLS switching nodes on a transmission path between a sender and a destination as well as at least two MPLS
edge routers, each MPLS edge router being a transition between a core network of the connectionless network and a connection
network of the connectionless network, the method comprising:
producing an address stack or label stack for an MPLS packet to be sent in the connectionless network, wherein the address
stack or label stack is added to the MPLS packet to be sent and comprises address information on the inner switching nodes
to be passed on the transmission path of the MPLS packet in the connectionless network and address information for the at
least two MPLS edge routers to be passed on the transmission path of the MPLS packet in the connectionless network; and

looping the MPLS packet on the transmission path between the sender and the destination from an MPLS edge router corresponding
to the sender to an MPLS edge router corresponding to the destination and back to the MPLS edge router corresponding to the
sender, wherein the looping comprises:

at a penultimate portion of the transmission path to the destination or at the MPLS edge router corresponding to the destination,
removing a first or upper transport label of the address stack or label stack to expose a second or lower transport label
of the address stack or label stack; and

modifying, by the MPLS edge router corresponding to the destination, the exposed second or lower transport label to direct
the MPLS packet towards the MPLS edge router corresponding to the sender;

wherein by a first MPLS edge router on the transmission path of the MPLS packet in the label stack of the MPLS packet, a first
transport label, which contains the address information of the first MPLS edge router and was sent to the first MPLS edge
router by a system, is replaced by a second transport label with the address information of a second MPLS edge router, which
follows the first MPLS edge router on the transmission path according to the addressing of the MPLS packet, and the first
MPLS edge router then sends the MPLS packet to the second MPLS edge router;

wherein the address information for a number of MPLS edge routers from an uppermost label with the address information of
a first MPLS edge router to be passed to a lowermost label with the address information of a last MPLS edge router to be passed
is stored in a sequence of the MPLS edge routers to be run through on the transmission path of the MPLS packet from the sender
to the destination; and

wherein at a last inner switching node on the transmission path before an MPLS edge router, a label is removed from the label
stack of the MPLS packet and a label from the label stack of the MPLS packet is exchanged in the MPLS edge router directly
following on the transmission path and the MPLS packet continues to remain in the core network.

US Pat. No. 9,183,833

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR ADAPTING INTERACTIONS

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for adapting interactions conducted between interaction systems and users of the interaction systems to the users,
comprising the steps of:
defining a nature of a respective automated interaction by interaction states in the form of messages and prompts, by the
configuration of the messages and prompts, by menu options and by state transitions; and

adapting the nature of the interaction, during its execution, to the user in a manner that is determined by a user class that
is allocated, to the user conducting the interaction according to rules stored and implemented in the interaction system on
the basis of properties communicated by the user during the interaction or automatically ascertained by the interaction system
or the user's behavior, or on the basis of the user's identification by the system and information previously acquired with
regard to the user's identity,

wherein a manner in which the nature of the interaction is adapted to the user of a user class is modifiable,
wherein user-class-specific utilization counters for selected state transitions of a system-side part of the interaction are
operated in the interaction system and are incremented or decremented upon passage through respective state transitions during
processing of the interaction and when a respective counter, a group of counters or a variable derived from the counters,
exceeds or falls short of an established limit value, an adaptation process is started with which the nature of the system-side
part of the interaction is modified in user-class-related fashion, so that proceeding from an initial nature existing upon
its implementation in the system, the system-side part of the interaction is repeatedly adapted in user-class-selective fashion
to the needs of the members of the respective user class, and

wherein the user of the interaction system is allocated to one user class in terms of execution of the interaction that the
user is presently conducting, wherein for the purpose of repeated modification of the manner in which the interaction is adapted
during execution to persons of a user class, the user is allocated, as necessary, simultaneously to multiple user classes
such that, during execution of the interaction, the nature of the interaction is repeatedly modified based on contemporaneous
online interactions of a plurality of users of the multiple user classes.

US Pat. No. 9,241,156

METHOD FOR ESTIMATING THE TYPE OF THE GROUP OF PICTURE STRUCTURE OF A PLURALITY OF VIDEO FRAMES IN A VIDEO STREAM

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for estimating the type of the Group of Picture (GoP) structure of a plurality of video frames in a video stream
by estimating their frame types, comprising the steps of:
a) capturing frame sizes in bytes of every video frame subsequent to an initial Intra-frame (I-frame) to obtain an array of
frame sizes by exploiting features of a transport layer carrying the video stream;

b) converting, after a number of frames, the array of frame sizes obtained in step a) into an array of zeros and ones, where
zero stands for small frame sizes, as assumed for bidirectional frames (B-frames), and one stands for large frame sizes, as
assumed for predicted frames (P-frames);

c) matching the binarized array of frame sizes obtained in step b), which contains a specific repeated short basic binary
pattern that is characteristic to the GoP structure to be analyzed, to a number of predefined short basic binary patterns,
said predefined binary patterns depicting all GoP structures to be considered;

d) converting the result of said matching in step c) to form a single score value; and
e) determining the particular pattern of the number of predefined patterns of binaries having the best score value, according
to a predefined metric.

US Pat. No. 9,190,797

GENERATION OF FREQUENCY COMBS AND SINC-SHAPED NYQUIST PULSE TRAINS WITH A LARGE BANDWIDTH AND TUNABLE REPETITION RATE

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for generating an optical frequency comb with a defined number of frequency comb lines with an adjustable spacing
therebetween, the method comprising:
generating an input frequency comb comprising a multiplicity of input frequency comb lines with a light source;
filtering out of the multiplicity of input frequency comb lines the individual frequency comb lines having an identical frequency
spacing so as to obtain filtered frequency comb lines; and

preforming a first modulating of the filtered frequency comb lines at a first modulation frequency so as to generate first
sideband lines,

wherein the first sideband lines are generated by the first modulating so that the filtered frequency comb lines and the first
sideband lines have an identical frequency spacing.

US Pat. No. 9,420,427

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR TRACKING THE WHEREABOUTS OF PEOPLE IN URBAN SETTINGS

Deutsche Telekom AG, Bon...

1. A method for continuously tracking pedestrian or vehicle traffic, particularly in urban settings, while using reduced computer
resources, comprising the steps of:
A) establishing a cell grid within a given geographical region, on which is overlaid a road system;
B) receiving positional data records associated with each of a plurality of mobile devices within said region, from a base
station;

C) generating, for each of said received positional data records which is associated with a corresponding user of said plurality
of mobile devices, a reassignable Estimated Location Indicator (ELI) in each cell of said grid traversed by said corresponding
user within a given period of time, wherein each of said ELIs is indicative of an estimated location within a cell in which
a given mobile device is located at a given time, yet includes a large number of possibilities of an actual location of said
given mobile device within a cell at said given time; and

D) generating a shortest predicted path between each of said generated ELIs;
wherein the generated predicted path extends through a transitional point through adjacent cells whereat a predetermined number
of vehicles pass when traveling between said adjacent cells, said transitional point being located at an intersection of a
road of said road system and a cell border and constituting a logical constraint for predicting the shortest predicted path;

wherein the predicted path is found by performing the following steps:
a) dividing each cell of said grid which has been traversed by said corresponding user within said given period of time into
a predetermined number of subzones;

b) generating an iteratable ELI for each of said subzones;
c) performing the pair-wise iterative process, whereby:
i) one of said generated iteratable ELIs is selected from each of said cells which has been traversed by said corresponding
user within said given period of time;

ii) comparing an estimated time to travel between a first of said selected iteratable ELIs to a second of said selected iteratable
ELIs with an elapsed time difference, as indicated by said received positional data records, from a first cell corresponding
to said first selected iteratable ELI to a second cell corresponding to said second selected iteratable ELI; and

iii) if the estimated time to travel between said first and second selected iteratable ELIs does not match the elapsed time
difference from said first cell to said second cell, a different pair of said iteratable ELIs is selected from said first
and second cells, respectively, and step ii is repeated;

d) after a pair of said iteratable ELIs has been provisionally found such that the estimated time to travel there between
matches the elapsed time difference from said first cell to said second cell, generating a corresponding predicted path between
said provisionally found locations;

e) filtering out said provisionally found locations if said corresponding predicted path does not extend through a transitional
point; and

f) repeating steps c-e until said corresponding predicted path extends through a transitional point.

US Pat. No. 9,301,004

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR REPRODUCING FIRST REPRODUCTION DATA AND AT LEAST SECOND REPRODUCTION DATA, COMPUTER PROGRAM AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A system for reproducing first reproduction data and for reproducing second reproduction data, wherein the system comprises:
a first reproduction device, configured for reproducing the first reproduction data; and
a second reproduction device, configured for reproducing the second reproduction data;
wherein the system is configured such that the first reproduction data is transmitted to the first reproduction device via
a first logical communication channel and the second reproduction data is transmitted to the second reproduction device via
a second logical communication channel, wherein the second logical communication channel is different from the first logical
communication channel;

wherein the system is configured such that the first reproduction data is identified using pattern recognition, and determination
of the second reproduction data is based on the identification of the first reproduction data; and

wherein the system further comprises:
a first server device, configured to transmit the first reproduction data to the first reproduction device; and
a second server device, configured to transmit the second reproduction data to the second reproduction device;
wherein the first server device and/or the second server device and/or the second reproduction device is configured to perform
the identification of the first reproduction data using pattern recognition, wherein using pattern recognition comprises calculating
a degree of similarity between an original signal and a reference signal and determining whether the calculated degree of
similarity is greater than a threshold degree of similarity.

US Pat. No. 9,282,496

METHOD FOR USING A USER EQUIPMENT WITH A FIRST PUBLIC LAND MOBILE NETWORK AND WITH A SECOND PUBLIC LAND MOBILE NETWORK, USER EQUIPMENT, PROGRAM AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for using a user equipment with a first public land mobile network (PLMN) and with as second PLMN, the method
comprising:
operating the user equipment in a plurality of idle modes;
wherein the user equipment is a Dual Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) Dual Standby (DSDS) user equipment,
wherein with respect to the first PLMN and with respect to an idle mode of the user equipment in the first PLMN, a first discontinuous
reception scheme is implemented in case that the first PLMN is a registered public land mobile network (RPLMN) to the user
equipment,

wherein the first discontinuous reception scheme of the user equipment comprises a first time interval, a first paging time,
and a first paging occasion time interval, wherein the first time interval corresponds to a first discontinuous reception
cycle length, wherein the first paging time is within the first time interval and is indicative of a time offset between the
beginning of the first time interval and the beginning of the first paging occasion time interval, and wherein the first paging
occasion time interval corresponds to the user equipment being tuned to the first PLMN,

wherein with respect to the second PLMN and with respect to an idle mode of the user equipment in the second PLMN, a second
discontinuous reception scheme is implemented in case that the second PLMN is a RPLMN to the user equipment,

wherein the second discontinuous reception scheme of the user equipment comprises a second time interval, a second paging
time, and a second paging occasion time interval, wherein the second time interval corresponds to a second discontinuous reception
cycle length, wherein the second paging time is within the second time interval and is indicative of a time offset between
the beginning of the second time interval and the beginning of the second paging occasion time interval, and wherein the second
paging occasion time interval corresponds to the user equipment being tuned to the first PLMN,

wherein the beginning of the first paging occasion time interval and the beginning of the second paging occasion time interval
are spaced in time in a predetermined manner by a separation time interval.

US Pat. No. 9,232,217

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR OBJECTIVE VIDEO QUALITY ASSESSMENT BASED ON CONTINUOUS ESTIMATES OF PACKET LOSS VISIBILITY

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for assessing the quality of a transmitted video signal sequence at a receiver side, the method comprising the
steps of:
a) capturing the input video bit stream and supplying it to a video bit stream analyzer;
b) extracting at least one feature or a set of features from the captured input video bit stream by the bit stream analyzer;
c) supplying the at least one extracted feature or set of features to a packet loss visibility estimation module;
d) determining, by the packet loss visibility estimation module employing the supplied extracted features of the video bit
stream, a continuous probability of visibility for each packet loss event which occurred within a specific time interval;
and

e) employing the continuous probability of packet loss visibility, determined by the packet loss visibility estimation module,
as a weighting factor of the at least one feature or set of features extracted from the video bit stream to calculate an estimate
of the overall quality, Q, of the transmitted video sequence;

wherein step (d) employs at least one bit stream feature selected from a group consisting of: frame type, average magnitude
of motion vectors (AvgMv), average motion vector difference (AvgMvDiff), energy of residuals (ResEnergy), maximum number of
partitions (MaxPartNr), number of non-decodable macroblocks (LostMbs), motion vector information (mv), and type of macroblocks
(mb type);

wherein step (e) combines a packet loss visibility estimate (V) with a determined magnitude of distortion (EstErr) and a computed
total number of impaired pixels due to packet loss (ErrProp);

wherein the packet loss visibility estimate (V) is based on one or more of the bit stream features;
wherein the determined magnitude of distortion (EstErr) is based on one or more of the bit stream features; and
wherein the computed total number of impaired pixels due to packet loss (ErrProp) is based on one or more of the bit stream
features.

US Pat. No. 9,154,962

METHOD, SYSTEM AND BASE STATION FOR SHARING OR JOINTLY USING A GERAN (GSM EDGE RADIO ACCESS NETWORK) MOBILE RADIO ACCESS NETWORK

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for sharing or jointly using a GERAN (GSM EDGE Radio Access Network) mobile radio access network by at least a
first mobile radio network operator and a second mobile radio network operator, the method comprising:
providing, by a radio access network, at least a first radio frequency channel and a second radio frequency channel, the first
and second radio frequency channels each having a TDMA frame (Time Division Multiple Access frame) with eight time slots (TS0 to TS7), wherein the first radio frequency channel has at least one first dedicated time slot, wherein the second radio frequency
channel has at least one second dedicated time slot, and wherein the first and second radio frequency channels respectively
have a plurality of shared time slots, the shared time slots being shared between the first and second mobile radio network
operators;

associating, by the radio access network, the at least one first dedicated time slot permanently with the first mobile radio
network operator; and

associating, by the radio access network, the at least one second dedicated time slot permanently with the second mobile radio
network operator;

wherein the time slots of each of the first and second radio frequency channels comprise one respective dedicated time slot
and seven shared time slots; and

wherein the time slots of the first radio frequency channel comprise one dedicated time slot and wherein the first dedicated
time slot is time slot 0 (TS0) of the TDMA frame of the first radio frequency channel, wherein the time slots of the second radio frequency channel comprise
one dedicated time slot and wherein the second dedicated time slot is time slot 0 (TS0) of the TDMA frame of the second radio frequency channel, and wherein the shared time slots are time slot 1 to time slot 7 (TS1 to TS7) of the TDMA frames of the first and second radio frequency channels respectively.

US Pat. No. 9,342,532

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR REAL-TIME MAP-BASED LOST AND FOUND

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A manufacture including a tangible, non-transitory processor-readable medium having processor-executable code for matching
users with lost and found objects stored thereon, the processor-executable code comprising processor-executable instructions
for:
storing information about objects in records, the records designating whether the objects were lost or found, locations at
which the objects were lost or found, and, for each record designating an object as found, contact information for contacting
the finder;

displaying an interactive map, the interactive map having an area that allows a user to indicate whether to search for objects
designated as lost, found or both;

adjusting a field of view of the interactive map based on adjustment input from the user;
receiving a search input for search of an object and a user indication to search for objects designated as found;
performing a search for the object, the search being performed based on records designating objects as found, the search input,
and the field of view of the interactive map;

generating an overlay on the interactive map of objects that correspond to results of the performed search based on the information
regarding the locations at which the corresponding objects were found;

receiving a selection of an object from the results of the performed search by the user;
providing the record of the selected object to the user, wherein the record includes a description of the selected object;
and

providing contact information for the finder of the selected object to the user.

US Pat. No. 9,215,606

TRANSMISSION OF CONTENT-RELATED DATA OF AN OTT PROVIDER TO A TELECOMMUNICATIONS DEVICE USING A TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORK

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for transfer of content-related data of an Over-the-top (OTT) provider to a telecommunications device using a
telecommunications network, the method comprising:
transmitting, by a content control functionality device of the telecommunications network, information regarding a predetermined
time or a predetermined time interval to a content delivery interface device of the telecommunications network;

receiving, by the OTT provider, a request for content-related data;
transmitting the content-related data of the OTT provider to the content delivery interface device of the telecommunications
network; and

transmitting the content-related data of the OTT provider to a content delivery functionality device of the telecommunications
network and transmitting the content-related data of the OTT provider from the content delivery functionality device of the
telecommunications network to the telecommunications device at the predetermined time or in the predetermined time interval;

wherein the telecommunications network includes a central network, a radio interface and a further radio interface for transmission
of the content-related data of the OTT;

wherein the radio interface of the telecommunications network is a base station;
wherein the telecommunications network further includes a network monitoring system, wherein a first component of the network
monitoring system is provided at the central network and a second component of the network monitoring system is provided at
the base station;

wherein the predetermined time or the predetermined time interval is based on information relating to current capacity utilization
transmitted from the first component of the network monitoring system and from the second component of the network monitoring
system to the content control functionality device.

US Pat. No. 9,491,699

METHOD FOR SAVING ENERGY IN OPERATING A FIRST AND SECOND MOBILE COMMUNICATION NETWORKS, MOBILE COMMUNICATION NETWORKS

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for saving energy in operating first and second mobile communication networks by invoking an energy saving operational
mode corresponding to a combination of the first and second mobile communication networks, wherein the first mobile communication
network comprises a first radio access network for covering a geographic area and a first core network, wherein the geographic
area is also covered by a second radio access network of the second mobile communication network, the second mobile communication
network comprising a second core network, the method comprising:
operating the first radio access network in a first operational mode for peak time usage of the first mobile communication
network and operating the second radio access network in the first operational mode for peak time usage of the second mobile
communication network; and

invoking, at least partly during off-peak time usage of the first and second mobile communication networks, the energy saving
operational mode corresponding to the combination of the first and second mobile communication networks, wherein during the
energy saving operational mode, the coverage and capacity requirements in the geographic area are ensured by the combination
of the first and second mobile communication networks, and wherein an overall time of the energy saving operational mode corresponding
to the combination of the first and second mobile communication networks is allocated between:

the first radio access network being operated in the first operational mode while the second radio access network is operated
in a second operational mode; and

the first radio access network being operated in the second operational mode while the second radio access network is operated
in the second operational mode;

wherein operation of the first radio access network in the second operational mode consumes less power than operation of the
first radio access network in the first operational mode and operation of the second radio access network in the second operational
mode consumes less power than operation of the second radio access in the first operational mode;

wherein with respect to the geographic area, at least the first radio access network and the second radio access network as
well as at least parts of the first and second core networks are shared network components of a network sharing operation
of the first and second mobile communication networks; and

wherein with respect to the geographic area and during the energy saving operational mode corresponding to the combination
of the first and second mobile communication networks, the first radio access network and the second radio access network
are commonly operated to form a logically different mobile communication network in the geographic area, wherein for a subscriber
of the first or the second mobile communication network using the logically different mobile communication network within
the geographic area, a roaming procedure is invoked.

US Pat. No. 9,319,672

CONTENT-DEPENDENT VIDEO QUALITY MODEL FOR VIDEO STREAMING SERVICES

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for estimating the perception quality of a digital video signal, the method comprising the steps of:
(1a) extracting information of the video bit stream, which is captured prior to decoding;
(1b) getting estimation(s) for one or more impairment factors IF using, for each of the estimations, an impact function adapted
for the respective impairment factor;

(1c) estimating the perceived quality of the digital video signal using the estimation(s) obtained in step (1b);
wherein each of the impact functions used in step (1b) takes as input a set of content-dependent parameters q computed from
a set of Group Of Picture (GOP)/scene-complexity parameters, wherein the GOP/scene-complexity parameters are derivable from
packet-header information and available in case of encrypted video bit streams;

wherein the set of content-dependent parameters q is derived at least from a GOP/scene-complexity parameter SscI, denoting the average I frame size per scene; and

wherein for estimating at least one of the impairment factors, an impact function ƒIF is used that depends on a content-dependent parameter q1 being computed from the reciprocal of the weighted mean of the GOP/scene-complexity parameter SscI over the scenes sc multiplied by a coefficient; and

wherein each scene sc has a weight of wsc×Nsc with Nsc being the number of GOPs per scene and wsc being a weight factor, wherein for the scenes having the lowest SscI value: wsc is set to a value greater than 1, and for all other scenes: wsc is set equal to 1.

US Pat. No. 10,098,178

COMMUNICATION BETWEEN NETWORK NODES OF A MOBILE COMMUNICATION NETWORK USING A COMMUNICATION INTERFACE

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for communication between network nodes of a mobile communication network, wherein the mobile communication network comprises an access network and a core network, wherein the access network comprises a plurality of base station entities, the plurality of base station entities comprising a first base station entity, a second base station entity, and further base station entities, wherein the method comprises:establishing a communication interface between the first and second base station entities, wherein the establishing the communication interface comprises generating a first instance of the communication interface at the first base station entity and generating a second instance of the communication interface at the second base station;
transmitting, from a removal initiating base station entity, a first removal message to a removal responding base station entity, wherein the removal initiating base station entity is one of the first and second base station entities and the removal responding base station entity is the other of the first and second base station entities;
receiving, at the removal initiating base station entity, a second removal message from the removal responding base station entity; and
disabling the communication interface, wherein the disabling the communication interface comprises removing the first and second instances of the communication interface in a coordinated manner wherein the removal initiating base station entity and the removal responding base station entity consent to removal of the respective instances of the communication interface;
wherein the removal of the first and second instances of the communication interface is preventable in case that a removal message received at a removal initiating base station entity comprises removal rejection information, wherein the removal rejection information indicates at least one of:
an important mobility relation between the first and second base station entities,
an important exchange of load information between the first and second base station entities,
an important exchange of available resources between the first and second base station entities,
an important exchange of messages indicating failures between the first and second base station entities,
an important exchange of interference load information between the first and second base station entities,
an important exchange of energy saving information between the first and second base station entities, and/or
the communication interface between the first and second base station entities is regarded as being essential to the removal responding base station entity.

US Pat. No. 9,445,274

METHOD FOR PREVENTING FRAUD OR MISUSE WHEN USING A SPECIFIC SERVICE OF A PUBLIC LAND MOBILE NETWORK BY A USER EQUIPMENT, SUBSCRIBER IDENTITY MODULE AND APPLICATION PROGRAM

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for preventing fraud or misuse when a User Equipment uses a service of a public land mobile network, wherein the
User Equipment comprises a Subscriber Identity Module, wherein the Subscriber Identity Module comprises address information
used for the service of the public land mobile network, wherein the Subscriber Identity Module comprises an application program,
wherein the application program comprises reference address information, the method comprising:
determining, by the application program of the Subscriber Identity Module of the User Equipment, that the address information
does not correspond to the reference address information; and

in response to the determining:
replacing the address information with the reference address information in case of the reference address information being
a complete address information that specifies a network entity, and invoke the service for the User Equipment; and

blocking, at least temporarily, by the application program, the service for the User Equipment and sending an error message
to the public land mobile network in case of the reference address information being incomplete address information that specifies
a country code and that does not specify a network entity;

wherein the address information is provided at a specific memory location within the Subscriber Identity Module; and
wherein the application program is configured such that the specific memory location within the Subscriber Identity Module
is verified repeatedly and at least once in a predetermined time interval.

US Pat. No. 9,210,639

METHOD FOR THE USE OF A GSM/UMTS MOBILE COMMUNICATION NETWORK BY A USER EQUIPMENT ATTACHED TO A CORE NETWORK OF AN EVOLVED PACKET SYSTEM (EPS) MOBILE COMMUNICATION NETWORK

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for use of a Global System of Mobile Communication (GSM) and Universal Mobile Telecommunication System (UMTS)
(GSM/UMTS) mobile communication network by a user equipment attached to a core network of an Evolved Packet System (EPS) mobile
communication network, the method comprising:
invoking a service that triggers a fallback operation;
using the GSM/UMTS mobile communication network in response to the fallback operation being triggered;
wherein the method further comprises, prior to invoking the service that triggers the fallback operation:
performing an updating operation regarding assignment of a Location Area Code (LAC) and/or a serving Mobile Switching Center
(MSC) to the user equipment, the updating operation being:

a dedicated operation specific to the assignment or reassignment of the LAC and/or the serving MSC; or
a modified Tracking Area Update (TAU) operation;
wherein execution of the updating operation is dependent on at least one of the following:
the updating operation has a repetition period which is reduced compared to a TAU operation using timer 3412,

the updating operation is executed in case that a serving Evolved-UTRAN (E-UTRAN) cell changes,
the updating operation is executed after a maximum time period after the last updating operation or after a last change of
the user equipment from active mode to idle mode,

the updating operation is executed on request from the core network,
the updating operation is executed in case that the user equipment detects a movement of the user equipment, or
the updating operation is executed in case that the user equipment detects that at least one of the candidate target GERAN/UTRAN
cells for a fallback operation belongs to a different location area than the one that is currently assigned to the user equipment.

US Pat. No. 9,756,528

INDICATING ROUTING CAPACITY RELATED DATA OR ROUTING DELAY RELATED DATA VIA SIGNALLING MESSAGES IN A CORE NETWORK OF A TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORK USING DIAMETER MESSAGES

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for indicating routing-related data in a core network of a telecommunications network using Diameter messages
of a Diameter protocol, wherein the core network comprises a first Diameter-enabled network node, a second Diameter-enabled
network node, a third Diameter-enabled network node and a fourth Diameter-enabled network node, wherein, according to a first
routing alternative, a target network node is accessible to the first Diameter-enabled network node via the third Diameter-enabled
network node, and, according to a second routing alternative, the target network node or a further target network node is
accessible to the first Diameter-enabled network node via the fourth Diameter-enabled network node, wherein the method comprises:
transmitting a first Diameter message comprising a first piece of routing-related information from the first Diameter-enabled
network node to the second Diameter-enabled network node, wherein the first piece of routing-related information comprises
aggregated routing capacity data or aggregated routing delay data related to the first routing alternative;

transmitting a second Diameter message comprising a second piece of routing-related information from the first Diameter-enabled
network node to the second Diameter-enabled network node, wherein the second piece of routing-related information comprises
aggregated routing capacity data or aggregated routing delay data related to the second routing alternative; and

receiving, by the first Diameter-enabled network node or a further first Diameter-enabled network node, a message from the
second Diameter-enabled network node comprising routing decisions and/or routing preferences modified based on the first piece
of routing-related information and/or the second piece of routing-related information so as to enhance network performance
and reduce failure.

US Pat. No. 9,344,940

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR IMPROVEMENT OF HANDOVER QUALITY IN MOBILE RADIO SYSTEMS

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A handover method, the method comprising the steps of:
(1a) detecting, at a serving node, signal quality of a signal transmitted from the serving node to a user equipment (UE) being
worse than a predefined threshold;

(1b) identifying, at the serving node, node(s) transmitting to the UE the strongest signals interfering with signals being
transmitted to the UE by the serving node;

(1c) sending, by the serving node, a request for starting an inter-cell interference coordination scheme to the node(s) identified
in step (1b);

(1d) rescheduling, by the node(s) identified in step (1b), users currently being served by the node(s) identified in step
(1b) so as to reserve a part of resources according to the inter-cell interference coordination scheme such that the interference,
including the control channel interference, is mitigated;

(1e) informing, by the node(s) identified in step (1b), the serving node of the UE; which resources have been reserved in
step (1d);

(1f) scheduling, by the serving node, the UE to the resources reserved in step (1d);
(1g) starting, by the serving node, handover of the UE from the serving node to a target node; and
(1h) completing the handover of the UE;
wherein step (1h) comprises the steps of:
(1h1) reserving, at the serving node, the resources identified in step (1d) such that the interference, including the control
channel interference, from the serving node to the UE is mitigated;

(1h2) synchronizing the UE to the target node;
(1h3) scheduling, by the target node, the UE to the resources reserved in step (1d); and
(1h4) releasing, after completing the handover in accordance to step (1h), the resources reserved in step (1d), by the node
having acted as serving node during the preceding steps; and/or (1h5) releasing, after completing the handover in accordance
to step (1h), the resources reserved in step (1d), by the interfering nodes not involved in the handover process.

US Pat. No. 9,565,550

METHOD AND PROGRAM FOR CELL BARRING IN A CELLULAR NETWORK

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for controlling the access of a User Equipment (UE) to a public land mobile network (PLMN), wherein the PLMN provides
at least a service, the PLMN comprising at least one network cell, wherein a broadcast control channel is broadcast within
a network cell, the method comprising the steps of:
transmitting a general barring factor information to the UE on the broadcast control channel within the network cell, wherein
the general barring factor information comprises a general access barring factor for multiple UEs in the network cell;

transmitting an individual barring scaling information to the UE on a dedicated control channel for the UE independently of
the general barring factor information, wherein the individual barring scaling information is individually assigned to the
UE on a per-UE basis and wherein the individual barring scaling information is defined by the PLMN for selectively controlling
access of each UE to the PLMN; and

realizing, based on a combination of the general barring factor information and the individual barring scaling information,
an access control to the service with regard to the UE by deciding whether a specific access request of the UE to the service
is accepted or rejected.

US Pat. No. 10,051,638

METHOD FOR ENHANCED POLICY AND CHARGING CONTROL IN TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for enhanced policy and/or charging control when a mobile telecommunications network is used by a user equipment corresponding to a subscriber of a mobile virtual telecommunications network,wherein the mobile telecommunications network comprises a first core network, a second core network and a radio access network, wherein the radio access network comprises a radio network element being connected to the first and second core networks, wherein the first core network is operated by a first mobile network operator, wherein the second core network and the radio access network are operated by a second mobile network operator, wherein the radio access network is shared among the first and second mobile network operators, wherein the first core network comprises at least one packet data core element and a policy and/or charging control entity, and
wherein the method comprises:
using, by the user equipment, the radio access network;
collecting and/or generating, by the radio network element of the radio access network, subscriber-related policy and/or charging control data depending on the use of the radio access network by the user equipment; and
transmitting the subscriber-related policy and/or charging control data, from the radio network element to the policy and/or charging control entity, using at least one policy and/or charging control interface, wherein the at least one policy and/or charging control interface comprises:
a first policy and/or charging control interface related to a direct communication between the radio network element of the radio access network and the policy and/or charging control entity of the first core network, or
a second policy and/or charging control interface related to a direct communication between the packet data core element and the policy and/or charging control entity.

US Pat. No. 9,398,414

METHOD AND DEVICES FOR DETERMINING THE POSITION OF A MOBILE COMMUNICATION DEVICE

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for determining the position of a mobile communications device of a wireless communication network, the method
comprising the steps of:
a1) determining, by a processor, an observational value which defines the positional relationship between a first mobile communications
device and a second communications device;

a2) determining, by the processor, a further observational value which defines the positional relationship between the first
mobile communications device and a further communications device;

b) providing a position information for the second communications device which defines the position of the second communications
device which includes information on position coordinates and the accuracy thereof, and providing a position information for
the further communications device Which defines the position of the further communications device and which includes information
on position coordinates and the accuracy thereof; and

c) executing, by the processor, an optimization algorithm for estimating the position coordinates of the first mobile communications
device and the accuracy of the position coordinates based on the observational value, the further observational value, the
position information of the second communications device, and the position information of the further communications device,
wherein said optimization algorithm is based on a network adjustment;

wherein the first mobile communications device and second and further communications devices define a temporary geometric
position network.

US Pat. No. 9,838,996

ESTIMATING THE GEOGRAPHICAL DISTANCE OR A RANGE OF THE GEOGRAPHICAL DISTANCE BETWEEN AT LEAST TWO USER EQUIPMENTS

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for estimating a geographical distance or a range of the geographical distance between at least two user equipments
via transmitting a discovery message for device to device communication from a first user equipment to a second user equipment,
the first user equipment and the second user equipment being enabled to use a device to device communication mode including
proximity detection and/or discovery, wherein the method comprises the following steps:
in a first step, generating, by the first user equipment, the discovery message, wherein the discovery message comprises transmission
power information, the transmission power information being indicative of a level of transmission power for transmitting the
discovery message;

in a second step, transmitting, by the first user equipment, the discovery message using a common air interface of the first
user equipment and the second user equipment, wherein the level of transmission power is used by the first user equipment
to transmit the discovery message; and

in a third step, receiving, by the second user equipment, the discovery message comprising the transmission power information
and determining a level of reception power;

wherein the method further comprises:
determining, by the second user equipment, based on the received transmission power information and the determined level of
reception power, an estimation related to the geographical distance between the first user equipment and the second user equipment,
or to a range of the geographical distance out of a plurality of different ranges of the geographical distance between the
first user equipment and the second user equipment;

wherein the first user equipment and the second user equipment are related to a mobile communication network comprising a
core network and an access network, the access network of the mobile communication network comprising a radio cell being served
by a base station entity, the radio cell corresponding to the radio coverage area of the base station entity, wherein transmission
power calibration information is transmitted by the base station entity, wherein the transmission power calibration information
is received by the first user equipment, the transmission power calibration information being indicative of the level of transmission
power to apply, by the first user equipment, for transmitting the discovery message.

US Pat. No. 9,131,216

METHODS AND APPARATUSES FOR TEMPORAL SYNCHRONISATION BETWEEN THE VIDEO BIT STREAM AND THE OUTPUT VIDEO SEQUENCE

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for temporally synchronizing an input video bit stream with a processed video sequence corresponding to the input
video bit stream decoded by an external video decoder, the method comprising the steps of:
supplying the input video bit stream to a bit stream analyzer of a probe device;
parsing and analyzing, by the bit stream analyzer of the probe, the input video bit stream;
decoding, by a decoder of the probe, at least a portion of the input video bit stream to generate reconstructed images;
storing the reconstructed images in a buffer; and
comparing, by the probe, frames of the processed video sequence with each of the stored reconstructed images to find a matching
frame n*; and

providing, by the probe, a hybrid video quality assessment based on the matching frame n*.

US Pat. No. 9,832,235

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR EXTENDING THE USE OF AN IMS ORIENTED HANDLING OF TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICES

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

7. A telecommunications network for extending IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) handling of telecommunications services within
the telecommunications network for a subscriber using circuit switched (CS) connectivity in the telecommunications network,
wherein an identification information of the subscriber is natively lacking an IMS identity and/or IMS profile within the
telecommunications network, wherein the telecommunications network comprises:
an identity management functionality, configured to generate, at least temporarily, the IMS identity and/or IMS profile with
respect to the subscriber; and

an interconnection gateway node for communication with a further telecommunications network, wherein a further subscriber
is attached to the further telecommunications network, wherein the interconnection gateway node is configured to extend the
IMS handling of telecommunications services of the telecommunications network to the further subscriber in case that the telecommunications
network, with respect to the further subscriber, is a home telecommunications network;

wherein the further telecommunications network is, with respect to the further subscriber, a visited telecommunications network,
wherein the further telecommunications network is configured to only provide CS connectivity to the further subscriber, and
wherein the interconnection gateway node is configured for: notifying, by the interconnection gateway node, the further telecommunications
network about a status change related to the further subscriber, in case the interconnection gateway node receives, from the
further telecommunications network, Report SM Status Request information related to the further subscriber; and

wherein the interconnection gateway node is configured for:
handling, on behalf of the further subscriber, IMS registration with the IMS of the telecommunications network, in case the
interconnection gateway node receives, from the further telecommunications network, location update request information related
to the further subscriber, and/or

handling, on behalf of the further subscriber, IMS de-registration with the IMS of the telecommunications network, in case
the interconnection gateway node receives, from the further telecommunications network, a detach request related to the further
subscriber, and/or

routing a mobile terminated call, designated for the further subsriber, from the IMS of the telecommunications network to
the further telecommunications network, and/or

routing a mobile originated call, initiated by the further subscriber, from the further telecommunications network to the
IMS of the telecommunications network, and/or

forwarding, to the further telecommunications network, subscriber update data related to the further subscriber, in case the
interconnection gateway node receives, from the further telecommunications network, a Subscriber Controlled Input (SCI) Request
related to the further subscriber, and/or

forwarding, to the further telecommunications network, a Short Message (SM), designated for the further subscriber, in case
the interconnection gateway node receives, from the IMS of the telecommunications network, a message comprising the SM, and/or

handling, on behalf of the further subscriber, another IMS registration with the IMS of the telecommunications network, in
case the interconnection gateway node receives, from the further telecommunications network, Ready For SM Request information
related to the further subscriber, and/or

forwarding, to the IMS of the telecommunications network, a further message comprising a further SM, designated to the further
subscriber, in case the interconnection gateway node receives, from the further telecommunications network, the further SM,
and/or

transmitting, to a Short Message Service Centre (SMSC) of another telecommunication network, routing data in case the interconnection
gateway node receives, from the SMSC, a Send Routing Information (SRI) for SM Request related to the further subscriber, wherein
the routing data comprises identification information for identification of the interconnection gateway node, wherein the
interconnection gateway node is configured for transmitting, to the IMS of the telecommunications network, another message
comprising another SM in case the interconnection gateway node receives, from the SMSC, a SM related to the further subscriber.

US Pat. No. 10,117,215

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR HOTSPOT DETECTION BASED ON ERRONEOUS USER LOCATION DATA

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for detecting a center point of a hotspot, the method comprising:obtaining, by a device, from a user localization system, user localization data corresponding to a plurality of user devices, wherein the localization data corresponding to the plurality of user devices includes a user density map;
determining, by the device, a plurality of candidate points corresponding to the hotspot, the hotspot representing a concentrated conglomeration of users of a mobile communication network, wherein determining each candidate point comprises:
determining a ratio of a first local user density to a second local user density corresponding to a respective candidate point, wherein the first local user density corresponds to a first distance zone of the user density map and the second local user density corresponds to a second distance zone of the user density map; and
determining that the ratio exceeds a threshold;
determining, by the device, the center point of the hotspot based on the plurality of candidate points;
outputting, by the device, the determined center point of the hotspot; and
installing a small cell at the center point of the hotspot, wherein the small cell is configured to serve the concentrated conglomeration of users to communicate via the mobile communication network.

US Pat. No. 9,734,679

ALARM DEVICE

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. An alarm device, comprising:
a portable alarm emitter, the portable alarm emitter being configured to detect a change in an electrical property of a sensor
element which is connected to the portable alarm emitter and to signal an alarm if a change is established;

wherein the portable alarm emitter and the sensor element are separate units configured to be interconnected with electrical
contact;

wherein the portable alarm emitter is a reusable unit;
wherein the sensor element is a disposable unit;
wherein the portable alarm emitter comprises at least one receiving region in which the sensor element is configured to be
connected to the portable alarm emitter with electrical contact; and

wherein the portable alarm emitter comprises at least two receiving regions which are configured to connect different types
of sensor elements.

US Pat. No. 9,699,003

DYNAMIC ALLOCATION AND VIRTUALIZATION OF NETWORK RESOURCES IN THE ACCESS NETWORK AND IN CUSTOMER NETWORKS

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method of dynamically allocating network resources in an access network and a customer network, comprising:
determining, by a central control unit at a data center, positions of all users of the customer network;
determining, by the central control unit, that no user of the customer network is checked in to the customer network based
on the determined positions of all users of the customer network as being away from the customer network; and

in response to determining that no user of the customer network is checked in to the customer network:
bringing, by the central control unit, the customer network and/or a component of the customer network into a first predefined
state; and

deallocating, by the central control unit, an access port of an access multiplexer assigned to the customer network and transferring
the deallocated access port to an access network resource pool, wherein the access network resource pool comprises one or
more unallocated access ports usable for access lines corresponding to customer networks.

US Pat. No. 9,609,483

SYSTEM FOR CHARACTERIZING GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATIONS BASED ON MULTI SENSORS ANONYMOUS DATA SOURCES

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A privacy complying computerized method for characterizing a geographical location by finding the behavioral patterns of
groups of users of mobile devices being in the vicinity of said geographical location, comprising:
a) selecting a Point of Interest (POI) to be examined;
b) by a processor enabled computerized device comprising an electronic privacy watcher device:
i) receiving at a first time, user-specific signaling data transmitted from a transceiver of one or more base stations in
the vicinity of said POI which is related to all communication events involving a mobile device of each of said users within
a corresponding cellular network and in the vicinity of said POI, wherein said received signaling data includes an identifier
of each of said mobile devices and is stored in a secured address of a memory device of said privacy watcher device which
can be accessed only by said processor;

ii) continuously extracting from said received signaling data a location, including changes in the location, of each of said
users as indicated by the identifier of a corresponding mobile device, to produce location data;

iii) associating the produced location data with a map to identify one or more known points of said map in the vicinity of
said POI which have been frequented by each of said users within a second period of time prior to said first time;

iv) deriving a mobility pattern of users by generating a path coinciding with each of said known points that have been frequented
thereby within said second period of time;

v) aggregating a plurality of said mobility patterns into groups; and
vi) characterizing said POI according to said mobility patterns; and
c) by said privacy watcher device, permanently erasing the identifier of each of said mobile devices from said memory device
by a secure deletion at a predetermined third time following said first time.

US Pat. No. 9,413,829

METHOD FOR EFFICIENT INITIALIZATION OF A TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORK AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORK

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for efficient initialization of a telecommunications network, the telecommunications network comprising an access
node and an operation support system, the access node providing a plurality of network ports, and a configuration device being
connected to one of the network ports, the one of the network ports being specified by a network port identification information,
wherein the configuration device is configured to establish an Internet Protocol connectivity and to interact with a user,
wherein the method comprises the following steps:
establishing a physical communication channel between the access node of the telecommunications network and the configuration
device;

providing, by the telecommunications network, via an Internet Protocol Edge node, a public or private Internet Protocol address
to the configuration device, wherein the configuration device is configured to use the provided Internet Protocol address
to communicate with the Internet Protocol Edge node of the telecommunications network, wherein the Internet Protocol Edge
node is a routing device having a plurality of access and permission rules; and

assigning, by the telecommunications network, a configuration and installation functionality level of service permissions
to the provided Internet Protocol address;

wherein the provided Internet Protocol address is associated with the network port identification information and an Internet
Protocol session (IP session) or connection realizes a logical communication channel initiated between the Internet Protocol
Edge node of the telecommunications network and the configuration device, wherein the logical communication channel using
the configuration and installation functionality level enables a communication between the configuration device and the operation
support system using the physical communication channel between the access node of the telecommunications network and the
configuration device;

wherein the method further comprises the steps of:
requesting, by the configuration device, the operation support system via the configuration and installation communication
channel to configure the network port; and

using a network access related identification information together with the network port identification information to initialize
the network port resulting in the logical communication channel with a first functionality level;

wherein the network access related identification information is a line ID information.

US Pat. No. 9,986,011

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR COMPUTING THE PERCEIVED QUALITY OF A MULTIPARTY AUDIO OR AUDIOVISUAL TELECOMMUNICATION SERVICE OR SYSTEM

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for estimating a quality of multiparty telecommunication with a computing device, the method comprising:(a) determining individual connection quality scores of individual connections of each participant in a multiparty telecommunication call; and
(b) determining a quality score for the multiparty telecommunication call from a perspective of each participant using a function of the individual connection quality scores;
wherein determining the quality score for the multiparty telecommunication call from the perspective of each participant utilizes a weighted combination of the individual connection quality scores, and wherein a computation of weights is dependent on the estimated amount of attention that is paid to the audio and video modalities of each individual connection.

US Pat. No. 9,608,782

METHOD, SYSTEM, ACCESS POINT AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT FOR ENHANCING THE USABLE BANDWIDTH BETWEEN OF A TELECOMUNICATIONS NETWORK AND A USER EQUIPMENT

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for enhancing usable bandwidth between an access point of a radio access network of a telecommunications network
and a User Equipment of a subscriber of the telecommunications network, the method comprising:
transmitting and/or receiving, by an antenna device of the access point, radio frequency signals to and/or from the User Equipment,
wherein the User Equipment and the access point are configured to mutually communicate based on a standardized mobile communication
technology using carrier aggregation of at least a first communication carrier having a first carrier frequency and a second
communication carrier having a second carrier frequency, wherein the first communication carrier and the second communication
carrier are aggregated according to a carrier aggregation scheme to provide an enhanced usable bandwidth between the User
Equipment and the access point, and wherein the first carrier frequency is a standardized and licensed frequency and is related
to the standardized mobile communication technology;

wherein the transmitting and/or receiving comprises:
during a first time interval, transmitting and/or receiving radio frequency signals on the second carrier frequency according
to the standardized mobile communication technology or according to an alternative standardized mobile communication technology;
and

during a second time interval, transmitting and/or receiving radio frequency signals on the second carrier frequency according
to a further mobile communication technology;

wherein the first time interval and the second time interval are alternating;
wherein the second carrier frequency is a frequency or frequency band in a frequency range selected from the group consisting
of: from 6.765 to 6.795 MHz, from 13.553 to 13.567 MHz, from 26.957 to 27.283 MHz, from 40.66 to 40.70 MHz, from 433.05 to
434.79 MHz, from 902 to 928 MHz, from 2.400 to 2.500 GHz, from 5.72.5 to 5.875 GHz, from 24.00 GHz to 24.25 GHz, from 61.0
GHz to 61.5 GHz, from 122 GHz to 123 GHz and from 244 GHz to 246 GHz.

US Pat. No. 9,614,958

PREDICTIVE COMPUTER NETWORK SERVICES PROVISIONING FOR MOBILE USERS

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for predictive computer network service provisioning comprising:
obtaining personal schedule information of a user located in a first geographic location and made available on a network,
providing a service session, including functional modules and relevant data particular to the user, that exists autonomously
on the network and independently from a home base service provider of the user,

providing access to the service session to a plurality of different types of service providers through a service layer which
exists on top of an infrastructure of the network such that the service session is switchable among the service providers
for assembly on demand at a network neighborhood that the user is in,

providing a user identity of the user that is accessible on demand to the service providers in the service session regardless
of respective geographic locations of the service providers and the user, the user identity including a unique identifier
of the user, a unique identifier of a primary service provider of the user, an individual encryption key of the user and a
container of pointers indicating where the relevant data particular to the user resides,

predicting a future attribute of the user from the personal schedule information, the predicted future attribute including
a future second geographic location of the user, and

providing a service to the user prior to the user arriving at the second geographic location using the predicted future attribute
in combination with publicly available information on the internet.

US Pat. No. 9,987,803

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR FABRICATING A PRODUCT USING A DIGITAL FABRICATION UNIT

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for producing a product using a digital fabrication unit, in which a service for producing the product is started via a communication network via a communication device connected to the communication network, and the product is manufactured using the digital fabrication unit based on data describing production of the product made available to the digital fabrication unit, wherein the method comprises:providing at least one data catalog containing a plurality of products available for production in a database within the communication network, at least one data record comprising data describing product production being associated with each product of the plurality of products;
displaying at least one product from a subset of all the products available for production on a display unit of the communication device based on a piece of information associated with the communication device, wherein the piece of information is a network identifier or a device identifier of the communication device or a locality;
forming the subset based on the information associated with the communication device;
displaying at least one product selected from the subset using data describing product visualization, wherein the data describing product visualization are transmitted via the communication network from a fabrication server to the communication device and have a smaller data volume than stored data describing product production;
sending data describing production of a modification to the at least one selected product from the communication device to the fabrication server;
combining data stored in the database describing product production of the at least one product and the data describing the production of the modification to form overall data describing production of the modified product; and
producing the modified product using the digital fabrication unit based on the combined overall data;
wherein a piece of information is stored for each product and/or for each modification associated with a product or a product modification, wherein the piece of information includes:
a royalty share which provides information about the ratio according to which royalties from a product produced having at least one modification are divided among the author(s) of the original product and the author(s) of the at least one modification; and
a ranking relating to a sequence of modifications.

US Pat. No. 9,898,734

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR TERMINAL DEVICE-BASED COMMUNICATION BETWEEN THIRD-PARTY APPLICATIONS AND AN ELECTRONIC WALLET

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for terminal device-based communications between a third-party application and an electronic wallet, wherein the
electronic wallet is installed on a terminal device, wherein the electronic wallet supports an On-Device Application Program
Interface (API) integrated therein, wherein the third-party application is installed on the terminal device, wherein the third
party application also supports the On-Device API, and wherein the method comprises:
the third-party application setting up a connection to an Internet service, wherein the connection requires a data transfer
to the Internet service;

the third-party application receiving a request aimed at transmission of data from the Internet service;
the third-party application setting up a communication channel between the third party application and the electronic wallet
within the terminal device via the On-Device API;

verifying by the electronic wallet, an access right of the request of the third party application on the basis of security
criteria defined in the On-Device API;

the third-party application forwarding the request received from the Internet service to the electronic wallet if the access
right of the third party application on the electronic wallet is approved;

the electronic wallet processing the request and generating a corresponding response;
forwarding the response from the electronic wallet via the On-Device API to the third party application, wherein the third
party application forwards the response to the Internet service: and

the third party application receiving a confirmation about successful forwarding of the reply to the Internet service;
wherein a security element is further connected to the terminal device; and
wherein the electronic wallet processing the request and generating the corresponding response comprises:
the electronic wallet sending a request concerning the data to the security element; and
the electronic wallet receiving a response concerning the data from the security element.

US Pat. No. 9,848,254

EFFICIENT TRANSPORT NETWORK ARCHITECTURE FOR CONTENT DELIVERY NETWORK

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A content delivery network (CDN), comprising:
at least one CDN origin node; and
multiple CDN cache nodes connected to the at least one CDN origin node via an optical transport network (OTN);
wherein deliveries and/or routing from the multiple CDN cache nodes to the at least one CDN origin node and/or vice versa
is performed below layer 3 of the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) model;

wherein the OTN represents a first CDN network level from the at least one CDN origin node to the multiple CDN cache nodes
and the optical routing is performed via N×N array waveguide gratings (AWGs);

wherein full meshing is realized by dense wavelength division multiplex (DWDM) channels; and
wherein a second CDN network level is formed by CDN cache nodes which are connected via optical M×M AWG elements to the first
CDN network level such that also in the second CDN network level a wavelength-addressed full meshing becomes possible for
transparent optical connections between the at least one CDN origin and the CDN cache nodes.

US Pat. No. 9,584,337

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR NETWORK AND SERVICE CONTROLLED HYBRID ACCESS

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

13. A system for network controlled optimization of hybrid access traffic management for a residential user connected via
a hybrid access home gateway using information available from fixed and mobile access and aggregation networks, the system
comprising:
the hybrid access home gateway; and
a Hybrid Access Server;
wherein the hybrid access home gateway is configured to provide at least two different network links corresponding to different
technologies to a core network, wherein the core network has a connection to the internet;

wherein the Hybrid Access Server is located in the core network;
wherein the Hybrid Access Server has a connection to the hybrid access home gateway via the at least two different network
links;

wherein the Hybrid Access Server is connected to mobile network core components, components of a digital subscriber line (DSL)
network, and components of the core network;

wherein the core network, the Hybrid Access Server, the at least two different network links, the fixed and mobile access
and aggregation networks, and the hybrid access home gateway are controlled by a network operator;

wherein the Hybrid Access Server is configured for
extracting, from the mobile network core components, information about network cells and information about occupation of the
network cells;

extracting, from the components of the core network, information of services used by the hybrid access home gateway or quality
of service (QoS) classes assigned to services used by the hybrid access home gateway;

extracting, from the components of the DSL network, information about DSL speed or workload of the components of the DSL network;
controlling, by the Hybrid Access Server, type and number of the network cells to which the hybrid access home gateway is
connected; and

controlling service routing for the hybrid access home gateway, including dynamic session or service category assignment for
the at least two different links.

US Pat. No. 10,069,760

METHOD FOR PROVISIONING A CUSTOMIZED CLOUD STACK

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. Method for an automatic provisioning of a customized cloud stack comprising a customized infrastructure of servers, software and services, the method comprising:using a number of domain specific languages, model-to-model transformations and code generators;
wherein a first domain specific language is used to define a model of software and services to be provisioned on particular hosting units that are defined by a user;
wherein the hosting units are mapped to a general model of the infrastructure of the customized cloud stack by an execution engine;
wherein the general model is generated by a second domain specific language, transformed by the execution engine and mapped to a model conforming to a metamodel of a third domain specific language which is used to provision the infrastructure according to the particular hosting units defined by the first domain specific language;
wherein compared to the third domain specific language, the second domain specific language produces more compact code;
wherein files for initialization of a particular server within the infrastructure of servers are generated by particular code generators according to the model defined by the third domain specific language and weaved into userdata for specifying particular software and services; and
wherein the userdata are passed when particular servers are started and wherein particular code generators are used to produce consumers of services generated by the third domain specific language for provisioning the infrastructure of the customized cloud stack as specified in respective hosting units;
wherein a model is mapped to the general model and transformed to a respective client of a respective infrastructure service client, wherein the infrastructure service client realizes provisioning of the infrastructure of the customized cloud stack; and
wherein the third domain specific language specifies at least one parameter of the following list of server parameters for a particular cloud stack: size of hard disc, size of random access memory, amount of processing units and number of servers.

US Pat. No. 9,621,930

DISTRIBUTED TRANSCODING OF VIDEO FRAMES FOR TRANSMISSION IN A COMMUNICATION NETWORK

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for streaming video data within a network, wherein the video data includes a sequence of frames, the method comprising:
encoding, at a plurality of parent devices, the sequence of frames;
generating, at each of the plurality of parent devices, a substream from the encoded frames, wherein each substream is assigned
an identifier, and wherein each substream includes a common encoded frame and a portion of the encoded sequence that does
not overlap with other substreams of the plurality of parent devices; and

transmitting the plurality of substreams to a receiver, wherein the common encoded frame is transmitted to the receiver by
a parent device designated as a primary parent device, and wherein in the event that the primary parent device becomes unavailable,
the common encoded frame is transmitted to the receiver by a parent device other than the primary parent device.

US Pat. No. 10,498,880

MOBILE COMMUNICATION DEVICE WITH A PLURALITY OF APPLICATIONS ACTIVATABLE VIA A PIN

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A mobile communication device for executing a plurality of applications, wherein each application of the plurality of applications is configured to be activated via a respective application identification number, wherein the mobile communication device comprises:a subscriber identity module, which is assigned a personal identification number;
a user interface for receiving a user input of the personal identification number of the subscriber identity module; and
a processor, configured to automatically activate at least one application of the plurality of applications via at least one respective application identification number assigned to the at least one application in response to the user input of the personal identification number of the subscriber identity module;
wherein each application of the plurality of applications has its own secondary personal identification number via which it can be activated; and
wherein the personal identification number of the subscriber identity module is a master personal identification number able to activate all the secondary personal identification numbers.

US Pat. No. 9,973,909

INDIVIDUAL PREDICTION OF USE AND/OR INDIVIDUAL ADAPTATION OF USE OF A PERSONALISED TELECOMMUNICATIONS TERMINAL

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for prediction and/or adaptation of use of a telecommunications terminal, the method comprising:generating or altering, by the telecommunications terminal, at least one specific rules factor out of a plurality of rules factors based on a detected use action corresponding to the occurrence of a first event and context information corresponding to the first event, wherein the first event is an incoming message event and the detected use action is a user reaction to the first event; and
in case of the occurrence of a second event, wherein the second event is also an incoming message event, handling, by the telecommunications terminal, the second event based on the user reaction to the first event, wherein handling the second event comprises applying the at least one generated or altered specific rules factor to the second event based on context information corresponding to the second event;
wherein the telecommunications terminal comprises a plurality of sensors, wherein context information is acquired by the plurality of sensors and the plurality of sensors include a chronometer and/or a receiver for the use of a global navigation satellite system (GNSS) and/or a localization sensor based on the evaluation of a radio environment of the telecommunications terminal and/or an acceleration sensor and/or a microphone; and
wherein the context information comprises:
time of an event, and/or
location of the telecommunications terminal relative to another telecommunications terminal and/or relative to another stationary or mobile device, and/or
speed of the telecommunications terminal, and/or
background noise of the telecommunications terminal, and/or
information content of a phonebook memory and/or of a message memory and/or of a calendar memory of the telecommunications terminal.

US Pat. No. 9,585,031

METHOD TO GUIDE THE PLACEMENT OF NEW SMALL CELL

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method to guide a placement of a new small cell, comprising:
recording and storing, in a database system over time, location-dependent measured network characteristics and location-dependent
contextual data needs of the mobile device;

determining, by a processor, likely future location-specific network needs based on the recorded and stored location-dependent
measured network characteristics and location-dependent contextual data needs of the mobile device;

using, by the processor, the determined likely future location-specific network needs and characteristics of the new small
cell in:

a) determining and characterizing of location-dependent data needs of a mobile device, reflecting application usage,
(b) determining availability of existing network resources at a specific location or across an area of potential influence
of the new small cell,

(c) characterizing the new small cell with respect to capacity, bandwidth, power and latency,
(d) comparing the location-dependent data needs of the mobile device with the availability of existing network resources to
determine location-dependent contextual needs, and

(e) comparing the characteristics of the new small cell with the location-dependent contextual needs, and determining placement
coordinates of the new small cell based on possible location sites; and

using, by a device for guiding the user in the placement of the new small cell, the placement coordinates to guide a user
in the placement of the new small cell;

wherein the new small cell is a radio cell station with smaller coverage area than a macro cell;
wherein accurate placement of the new small cell is facilitated by using location estimation techniques, and testing and calibrating
the new small cell.

US Pat. No. 9,451,457

METHOD TO ENHANCE HIGH AVAILABILITY IN A SECURE TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORK, AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORK COMPRISING A PLURALITY OF REMOTE NODES

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for enhancing high availability in a secure telecommunications network, the telecommunications network comprising
a plurality of remote nodes, one or a plurality of further network nodes in communication with the plurality of remote nodes,
and at least one security gateway, the method comprising:
operating, during normal operation of the at least one security gateway, each of the plurality of remote nodes in a first
operational mode, wherein in the first operational mode, each of the plurality of remote nodes communicates with the one or
the plurality of further network nodes through the at least one security gateway via a secure communication tunnel;

switching, in response to failure of the secure communications tunnel, from the first operational mode to a second operational
mode for at least one specific remote node of the plurality of remote nodes based on an exchange of at least a first message
and a second message between at least one specific remote node and the one or the plurality of further network nodes using
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP), wherein the first message comprises a request from the at least one specific remote
node and the second message comprises an answer to the first message by a network management node, the second message comprising
a one-time password, and wherein the first message is sent in response to verifying the following conditions:

the secure communication tunnel cannot be established,
the physical interface for communication with the at least one security gateway is operational, and
a default gateway is reachable by the at least one specific remote node and is operational; and
operating, during failure of the secure communication tunnel, the at least one specific remote node in the second operational
mode by connecting the at least one specific remote node to the one or the plurality of further network nodes by bypassing
the at least one security gateway;

wherein the at least one specific remote node and the one or the plurality of further network nodes are controlled by the
telecommunications network's operator;

wherein the first message is sent from the at least one specific remote node after a predetermined first time interval (T1) elapses after the conditions are verified.

US Pat. No. 9,985,757

METHOD, SYSTEM, ACCESS POINT AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT FOR ENHANCING THE USABLE BANDWIDTH BETWEEN OF A TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORK AND A USER EQUIPMENT

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for enhancing usable bandwidth between an access point of a radio access network of a telecommunications network and a User Equipment of a subscriber of the telecommunications network, comprising:during communications between the User Equipment and the access point based on a standardized mobile communication technology, performing, by the User Equipment and the access point, carrier aggregation with respect to at least a first communication carrier and a second communication carrier;
wherein the first communication carrier has a first carrier frequency and wherein the second communication carrier has a second carrier frequency;
wherein the first carrier frequency is a standardized and licensed frequency and related to the mobile communication technology;
wherein the second carrier frequency is an unlicensed frequency; and
wherein the carrier aggregation includes:
a first communication technology on the first carrier frequency being defined as a Primary Cell (PCell), and
at least one Secondary Cell (SCell) being used, at least temporarily, in addition to the PCell, wherein both the first communication technology and a second communication technology are definable as the at least one SCell;
wherein allocation of resources for the at least one SCell is controlled by the PCell based on resource allocation control information from the PCell.

US Pat. No. 10,091,220

PLATFORM FOR PROTECTING SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES FROM CYBER SECURITY THREATS

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A device for protecting a network environment from cybersecurity threats, comprising a central processing unit (CPU) and a non-transitory memory having processor-executable instructions stored thereon, the CPU being configured to execute the processor-executable instructions to:(a) perform a self-assessment using one or more auditing stages for examining and analyzing network devices by:
automatically monitoring, scanning and learning the network environment and its security configurations, wherein automatically monitoring, scanning and learning the network environment and its security configurations includes retrieving information, via a network adapter, from each of the network devices; and
applying static tools which reflect the interfaces to the network, nature of the data management and the network components;
wherein performing the self-assessment includes attempts to send sensitive synthesized information via Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) and Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) protocols;
(b) perform an automatic comparison against structured information as given by a cybersecurity reference scheme, wherein a degree of compliance between information obtained by the self-assessment and the structured information is computed;
(c) generate a cybersecurity check report that reflects results of the one or more auditing stages and the degree of compliance with the cybersecurity reference scheme; and
(d) output a set of attributes per an audited policy and output recommendations according to the report in order to increase a security level of the network, including an indication of which sensitive synthesized information was successfully sent and which sensitive synthesized information was blocked;
wherein the CPU is further configured to execute the processor-executable instructions to initiate an audit stage which includes automatic discovery of hosts, operating system (OS), running services and open ports;
wherein the CPU is further configured to execute the processor-executable instructions to initiate a component for the protection of network gateways which is operable to present results of an audit network process to facilitate retrieval and analysis of the results of the audit network process and classification of a host that has a high number of open ports or has a disabled firewall status as having a high risk level.

US Pat. No. 9,882,643

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR SETTING UP AND OPERATING A MODULAR, HIGHLY SCALABLE, VERY SIMPLE, COST-EFFICIENT AND ENDURING TRANSPARENT OPTICALLY ROUTED NETWORK FOR NETWORK CAPACITIES OF GREATER THAN 1 PETABIT/S

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for a modular optically routed transport network, the method comprising:
providing a quasi passive Optical Transport Network (OTN) core network according to ITU-T G.709 with N network nodes at the
core network edge;

providing at least one active component in each network node at the core network edge for the transmission of data over the
quasi passive OTN core network, wherein the at least one active component in each network node at the core network edge includes
a optical transceiver comprising digital signal processors (DSPs) configured to compensate for disturbing influences with
respect to glass fiber transmission; and

changing at least one active component in at least one network node at the core network edge, for scaling the modular optically
routed transport network while the quasi passive OTN core network remains substantially unchanged;

wherein the quasi passive OTN core network comprises: glass fibers, optical in-line amplifiers (OLA)s, and at least one arrayed
waveguide grating (AWG);

wherein the quasi passive OTN core network is configured as a star network, and wherein the at least one AWG is installed
in a star point of the star network.

US Pat. No. 9,883,346

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR OBTAINING DISTANCED AUDIO BY A PORTABLE DEVICE

Deutsche Telekom AG, Bon...

1. A method for locating nearby available friends using mobile devices, comprising:
a) installing an exploration application in advance on a plurality of location detectable mobile devices, in order to connect
via a data network to a remote server and to be linked to a sound signature reflective of an availability status of a corresponding
user of one or more of said mobile devices;

b) uploading, from one or more of said plurality of mobile devices in conjunction with said exploration application, a corresponding
availability status related sound signature to a database in communication with said remote server;

c) unilaterally pointing with one of said mobile devices functioning as an exploring device in a specific direction without
establishing a connection with any of said mobile devices, while the exploration application installed on said exploring device
calculates the azimuth of said direction;

d) detecting location data, by said remote server, of said exploring device and of all said mobile devices that are within
a predetermined range from said exploring device following said pointing step and in the direction to which said exploring
device is pointed;

e) extracting from said database, by said remote server, a list of friends of the user of said exploring device;
f) extracting from said database, by said remote server, a corresponding sound signature associated with all the detected
mobile devices that are within said predetermined range and whose corresponding users are friends of the user of said exploring
device;

g) transmitting, by said remote server, to the exploration application installed on said exploring device, the location data
and the corresponding sound signature associated with all the detected mobile devices whose corresponding users are friends
of the user of said exploring device;

h) by said exploring device in conjunction with the installed exploration application, displaying a corresponding icon representative
of all the detected mobile devices whose corresponding users are friends of the user of said exploring device as well as a
relative location of each of said corresponding icons; and

i) interacting with one of the displayed icons and being provided in response with audio of the transmitted sound signature
associated with said interacted icon to determine its availability status.

US Pat. No. 9,805,331

SMARTPHONE-BASED ASSET MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A computer-implemented method for image processing and object recognition, the method comprising:
receiving, by a remote image processing server, an image of a plurality of objects and location information corresponding
to the image from a mobile communications device via a wireless network;

performing, by an image analyzer of the remote image processing server, segmentation to divide the received image into a plurality
of regions, wherein performing segmentation comprises:

generating an edge map from the image;
removing components of the edge map that are smaller than a predetermined threshold size from the edge map;
determining a dominant angle for substantially parallel lines of the edge map; and
identifying the plurality of regions of the image, wherein the plurality of regions of the image correspond to regions of
the edge map between lines of the edge map within a predetermined threshold angle of the dominant angle;

for at least one region of the plurality of regions, extracting, by the remote image processing server, features of the region
and matching the features of the region with a database entry to determine an object identity of a single object corresponding
to the region;

determining, by the remote image processing server, a localized position of the single object within a room based on the received
location information and further based on previously acquired training information;

storing, by the remote image processing server, the localized position of the single object with the corresponding object
identity in a database;

receiving, by the remote image processing server, a query for an object: determining: by the remote image processor server,
in response to the query, a localized position for the object based on information stored in the database; and

outputting, by the remote image processor server, the localized position for the object.

US Pat. No. 9,873,549

CONTAINER FOR MAILING A PACKAGE OR A SMALL PARCEL TO BE SENT OR TO BE RECEIVED

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A container for mailing a package or a small parcel to be sent or to be received, the container comprising:
a base element;
a lid element by which a mailing can be placed into the container or be removed from the container, and
foldable side wails, by which the base element and the lid element are connected to each other;
wherein the lid element and the base element are movable against one another, at least in a vertical direction, by folding
or at least partially unfolding the foldable side walls,

wherein the foldable side walls form a textile tube vertically extending between the base element and the lid element in an
unfolded state, the textile tube defining an interior space with an at least substantially horizontal rectangular cross section,

wherein the textile tube has four fold lines proceeding vertically between the base element and the lid element,
wherein the fold lines define corner regions of the rectangular cross section, and
wherein each fold line has a stitched fold line edge facing outward with respect to the interior space.

US Pat. No. 9,722,721

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR TRANSPARENT CONNECTION OF DIFFERENT DWDM SYSTEMS BY NXN AWGS

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

16. A system, comprising:
a first dense wavelength division multiplex (DWDM) system; and
a second DWDM system,
wherein the first DWDM system includes a first optical line amplifier (OLA) configured to amplify a signal to be transmitted,
wherein the first OLA includes a first signal input and a first signal output, and wherein the first OLA is configured such
that a first optical supervisory channel (OSC), including first management signals, is decoupled from a first content signal,
downstream of the first signal input,

wherein the second DWDM system includes a second OLA configured to amplify a signal to be transmitted, wherein the second
OLA includes a second signal input and a second signal output, and wherein the second OLA is configured such that a second
OSC, including second management signals, is decoupled from a second content signal, downstream of the second signal input;

wherein the first OLA and the second OLA are connected with each other via a passive N×N arrayed waveguide grating (AWG),
and

wherein the first management signals of the first OSC differ from the second management signals of the second OSC.

US Pat. No. 10,037,663

ALARM DEVICE

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. An alarm device, comprising:a portable alarm emitter; and
a sensor element connected to the alarm emitter;
wherein the portable alarm emitter is configured to detect a change in an electrical property of the sensor element and to signal an alarm if a change is established;
wherein the portable alarm emitter and the sensor element are separate units configured to be interconnected with electrical contact;
wherein the portable alarm emitter is a reusable unit and the sensor element is also as reusable unit;
wherein the sensor element has a first end which is formed as an eye, through which a second end of the sensor element can be passed in order to form a closed loop which can only be made smaller because of a one-way locking function of the eye, the sensor element having at least one line element which can be contacted after the other end is introduced into the alarm emitter; and
wherein the portable alarm emitter is releasably connected to the second end of the sensor element at a portion of the sensor element outside of the closed loop.

US Pat. No. 9,762,745

PROTOCOL FOR BILLING TELECOMMUNICATION SERVICES BETWEEN NETWORK OPERATORS

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for generating service usage information in a visited telecommunication network, the method comprising:
automatically generating, by the visited telecommunication network, service usage information, wherein automatically generating
the service usage information comprises:

generating, by network elements of the visited telecommunication network that are involved in provision of telecommunication
services, a plurality of entries of service usage information, wherein each entry of service usage information corresponds
to a request from a telecommunication transmission device of a group of telecommunication transmission devices roaming in
the visited telecommunication network, wherein the plurality of entries of service usage information include entries of service
usage information corresponding to different types of telecommunication services provided by the visited telecommunication
network, and wherein each entry of service usage information comprises a usage quantity corresponding to one type of service
provided by the visited telecommunication network; and

generating, by an aggregate entry generation system of the visited telecommunication network, an aggregate entry of service
usage information based on the plurality of entries of service usage information, wherein the aggregate entry comprises aggregate
usage quantity information corresponding to each type of the different types of telecommunication services provided by the
visited telecommunication network, and wherein the aggregate entry does not include any charging information; and

transmitting, by the visited telecommunication network, the generated aggregate entry of service usage information to a home
telecommunication network of the group of telecommunication transmission devices.

US Pat. No. 9,918,246

ENHANCING THE USAGE OF RESOURCES RELATED TO THE TRANSMISSION OF ENVIRONMENT-RELATED INFORMATION BETWEEN A USER EQUIPMENT AND A MOBILE COMMUNICATION NETWORK

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for transmission of environment-related information between a user equipment and a mobile communication network,
wherein the method comprises:
receiving, in a first step, measurement configuration information from the mobile communication network, wherein the mobile
communication network comprises a base station entity, wherein the user equipment comprises at least one radio interface,
wherein an uplink radio connection between the user equipment and the base station entity is at least able to be established
using the at least one radio interface of the user equipment, wherein a control channel of the mobile communication network
is used for the transmission of the measurement configuration information, and wherein the measurement configuration information
comprises an indication that a requested measurement shall be reported to the base station entity together with at least one
other uplink transmission performed by the user equipment using the at least one radio interface of the user equipment;

obtaining the local network information by conducting the requested measurement, in a second step subsequent to the first
step; and

transmitting, in a third step subsequent to the second step, the local network information together with the at least one
other uplink transmission performed by the user equipment to the base station entity by using the at least one radio interface
of the user equipment;

wherein, during a fourth step subsequent to the second step and prior to the third step, the local network information is
logged by the user equipment during a time interval between a point in time of conducting the requested measurement of the
local network information and a point in time of the user equipment being uplink synchronized with the base station entity;

wherein user equipment type indication information is transmitted from the user equipment to the base station entity, wherein
the user equipment type indication information comprises user equipment class information, wherein the user equipment class
information indicates that the user equipment belongs to one out of at least the following classes of user equipments: a router
type user equipment class, a mobile type user equipment class, and a fast moving type user equipment class;

wherein the requested measurement is conducted by the user equipment and the resulting local network information is reported
to the base station entity dependent on the user equipment class information of the user equipment stored in the base station
entity; and

wherein in case of the user equipment class information of the user equipment corresponding to the router type user equipment
class or the fast moving type user equipment class, the measurement configuration information comprises an additional indication
that the requested measurement is to be conducted in the second step only a predetermined number of times.

US Pat. No. 9,661,536

METHOD FOR AN IMPROVED MEASUREMENT HANDLING BY A USER EQUIPMENT IN A MULTI-RAT AND/OR MULTI-FREQUENCY AND/OR SINGLE-FREQUENCY RADIO ENVIRONMENT OF A PUBLIC LAND MOBILE NETWORK, PUBLIC LAND MOBILE NETWORK

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

11. A public land mobile network adapted for improved measurement handling, the measurement handling being related to measurements
that are performed by a user equipment based on measurement configuration information transmitted by the public land mobile
network to the user equipment, wherein the public land mobile network comprises a plurality of base station entities, at least
one base station entity of the plurality of base station entities being a serving cell base station entity of the user equipment,
and at least one further base station entity of the plurality of base station entities being a neighbour cell base station
entity of the serving base station entity of the user equipment, wherein the serving cell base station entity comprises a
processor and a non-transitory computer-readable medium having processor-executable instructions stored thereon, the serving
cell base station entity being configured, based on the processor executing the processor-executable instructions, to:
transmit a measurement activation/deactivation information to the user equipment, wherein a first state of the measurement
activation/deactivation information indicates that future measurements towards the neighbour cell base station entity are
activated and a second state of the measurement activation/deactivation information indicates that future measurements towards
the neighbour cell base station entity are set to a non-permanent state;

wherein future measurements towards the neighbour cell base station entity being activated corresponds to periodic future
measurements towards the neighbour cell base station entity being performed; and

wherein future measurements towards the neighbour cell base station entity being set to a non-permanent state corresponds
to future measurements towards the neighbour cell base station entity being temporarily deactivated or being performed less
often relative to the periodic future measurements towards the neighbour cell base station entity performed when future measurements
towards the neighbour cell base station entity are activated.

US Pat. No. 9,641,878

AUTHENTICATION PROCESS

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A process for authentication of a set-top box connected via a local area network to an internet access device, wherein
the internet access device provides access to the internet via a network element, and wherein the internet access device authenticates
itself using an account to gain access to the internet with a platform client boot manager which is responsible for a boot
process of the set-top box and authentication of the set-top box,
wherein the process comprises:
performing, by the platform client boot manager, authentication of the set-top box on the basis of the account of the internet
access device, wherein performing the authentication further comprises:

storing unique information with the account from which the identity of the set-top box can be derived, wherein the unique
information is a Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer (DSLAM) port number; and

checking the set-top box during the boot process based on the identity as to whether multiple set-top boxes are using the
same account, and, in case that multiple set-top boxes are using the same account, checking whether the DSLAM port numbers
of the multiple set-top boxes are the same, and, further in case that the DSLAM port numbers of the multiple set-top boxes
are not the same, rebooting the multiple set-top boxes to return the multiple set-top boxes to previous settings.

US Pat. No. 9,736,812

METHOD FOR USING A USER EQUIPMENT WITH A FIRST PUBLIC LAND MOBILE NETWORK AND WITH A SECOND PUBLIC LAND MOBILE NETWORK, USER EQUIPMENT, PROGRAM AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for using a user equipment with a first public land mobile network and a second public land mobile network, wherein
the user equipment is a Dual Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) dual standby (DSDS) user equipment, wherein the first public
land mobile network and the second public land mobile network are registered public land mobile networks relative to the user
equipment, the method comprising:
operating the user equipment according to a discontinuous reception scheme in an idle mode of the user equipment with respect
to the first public land mobile network, wherein, in the discontinuous reception scheme, a paging occasion time interval is
defined based on a time interval corresponding to a discontinuous reception cycle length and a paging time within the time
interval such that, in the discontinuous reception scheme, the user equipment only monitors a paging channel during the paging
occasion time interval with respect to the first public and mobile network; and

operating the user equipment in a connected mode of the user equipment with respect to the second public land mobile network,
wherein in the connected mode with respect to the second public land mobile network, transmission of data from the second
public land mobile network to the user equipment is prevented by the second public land mobile network during the paging occasion
time interval of the discontinuous reception scheme corresponding to the first public land mobile network based on information
regarding the paging occasion time interval with respect to the first public land mobile network transmitted to the second
public land mobile network by the user equipment, wherein transmitting the information regarding the paging occasion time
interval is performed during operating the user equipment, with respect to the second public land mobile network, in the connected
mode of the user equipment.

US Pat. No. 9,936,371

DISCOVERY MESSAGE TRANSMISSION FOR DEVICE TO DEVICE COMMUNICATION

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for device to device communication between a first user equipment and a second user equipment, the first user equipment and the second user equipment being enabled to use a device to device communication mode (D2D mode) including proximity detection and/or discovery, wherein the method comprises:receiving, by the first user equipment, a configuration message indicating whether or not direct geographical location information exchange is enabled;
receiving, by the first user equipment, a first discovery message from the second user equipment, wherein the first discovery message comprises a request for position information of the first user equipment;
generating, by the first user equipment, in response to the request for position information in the first discovery message and based on the configuration message indicating that direct geographical location information exchange is enabled, a second discovery message comprising position information of the first user equipment, wherein the position information comprises at least one out of the following: altitude information, speed information, or heading information; and
transmitting, by the first user equipment, the second discovery message to the second user equipment using a common air interface of the first user equipment and the second user equipment so as to enable a D2D communication link between the first user equipment and the second user equipment.

US Pat. No. 9,832,723

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE ACTIVITY OF A BASE STATION ENTITY OF A FIRST TYPE IN A MOBILE COMMUNICATION NETWORK

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for controlling the activity of a base station entity of a first type in a mobile communication network via a
mobile device having a communication link to a base station entity of a second type, the base station entity of the second
type corresponding to a first Radio Access Technology (RAT) and the base station entity of the first type corresponding to
a second RAT, wherein the base station entity of the first type is able to be operated in at least a first operational mode
and a second operational mode, wherein the first operational mode corresponds to the base station entity of the first type
transmitting radio frequency signals such that a control channel corresponding to the second RAT is received in a radio coverage
area of the base station entity of the first type by the mobile device, wherein the second operational mode corresponds to
the base station entity of the first type not providing the control channel corresponding to the second RAT in the radio coverage
area of the base station entity of the first type for the mobile device such that the control channel corresponding to the
second RAT is not received in the radio coverage area of the base station entity of the first type by the mobile device, wherein
the method comprises:
sending, by the mobile device, a connection request to the base station entity of the second type while the base station entity
of the first type is in its second operational mode, the connection request being related to a service provided by the base
station entity of the first type and not provided by the base station entity of the second type; and

activating the first operational mode of the base station entity of the first type and establishing a communication link between
the mobile device and the base station entity of the first type to provide the service to the mobile device;

wherein a plurality of base station entities of the first type correspond to a radio coverage area of the base station entity
of the second type, and wherein the choice of which base station entity of the first type is to be activated in the activating
step is dependent on at least one out of the following:

a detected position of the mobile device within the radio coverage area of the base station entity of the second type;
a detected speed and/or direction of motion of the mobile device within the radio coverage area of the base station entity
of the second type;

a geographical or infrastructural situation within the radio coverage area of the base station entity of the second type;
and

the mobile device;
wherein during operation of the base station entity of the first type in the second operational mode, the mobile device does
not have information regarding the existence of the base station entity of the first type and does not receive the service.

US Pat. No. 9,686,729

METHOD, NETWORK AND SYSTEM FOR AN IMPROVED OPERATION OF A CELLULAR TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORK IN AN EDGE REGION OF THE RADIO COVERAGE AREA

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for operation of a cellular telecommunications network in an edge region of the radio coverage area of the cellular
telecommunications network, wherein the cellular telecommunications network comprises an access network, wherein a user equipment
is located in a radio cell of the access network, the radio cell being located in the edge region of the radio coverage area
of the cellular telecommunications network and the radio cell being served by a serving base station entity, wherein the user
equipment receives radio signals from the serving base station entity and a further base station entity of a further cellular
telecommunications network, wherein a specific cell identifier is assigned to the further base station entity, wherein the
serving base station entity transmits blacklist information regarding cell identifiers to the user equipment, the blacklist
information referring to cell identifiers for which measurements to be conducted by the user equipment of the radio environment
at the position of the user equipment are to be avoided, wherein the method comprises the following steps:
in a first step, the user equipment receives, from the further base station entity, information comprising the specific cell
identifier, wherein the specific cell identifier as well as additional information related to the further base station entity
are transmitted by the user equipment to the serving base station entity and

in a second step, subsequent to the first step, the user equipment, upon reception from the further base station entity of
identifier information comprising the specific cell identifier, and based on blacklist information received by the user equipment
referring at least to the specific cell identifier, avoids transmitting further additional information regarding the further
base station entity to the serving base station entity and/or avoids consideration of the further base station entity in a
cell-reselection procedure;

wherein the additional information related to the further base station entity transmitted by the user equipment to the serving
base station entity comprises at least one out of the following data:

first timing advance information regarding radio signals transmitted between the user equipment and the serving base station
entity and/or second timing advance information regarding radio signals transmitted between the user equipment and the further
base station entity;

reference signals received power (RSRP) information and reference signals received quality (RSRQ) information regarding additional
neighbour cells besides the serving base station entity and the further base station entity of the user equipment;

field-strength information of inter frequency neighbour cells;
field-strength information of inter radio access technology neighbour cells;
geo-reference information.

US Pat. No. 10,097,553

INSTALLATION OF A SECURE-ELEMENT-RELATED SERVICE APPLICATION IN A SECURE ELEMENT IN A COMMUNICATION DEVICE, SYSTEM AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for installation of a secure-element-related service application in a secure element of a user equipment (UE) associated with a subscriber of a telecommunications network, wherein the secure element corresponds to a secure element issuer, the method comprising:in a first step, transmitting an initial request, via a request message from a UE-related service application of the user equipment towards a first server entity, for installation of the secure-element-related service application in the secure element, wherein the first server entity corresponds to a service provider;
in a second step, subsequent to the first step, transmitting, by the first server entity, a request to install the secure-element-related service application to a second server entity corresponding to the secure element issuer, and receiving, by the first server entity from the second server entity, token information generated by the second server entity and representing combined authorization from the secure element issuer and the service provider to request installation of the secure-element-related service application in the secure element;
in a third step, subsequent to the second step, transmitting, by the first server entity, the token information to the UE-related service application of the user equipment;
in a fourth step, subsequent to the third step, transmitting, by the UE-related service application of the user equipment to a proxy application of the secure element issuer, an access and/or installation request together with the token information, wherein the proxy application is configured to access the secure element and/or to install secure-element-related applications on the secure element, and wherein the proxy application is further configured to interact with the secure element and is installed in the user equipment as a link between the second server entity and the secure element; and
in a fifth step, subsequent to the fourth step, transmitting, by the proxy application to the second server entity via a communication link established between the proxy application and the second server entity, the token information together with Secure Element Identifier (SEID) information of the user equipment for validation by the second server entity;
wherein, during the fifth step, the token information is assigned to the SEID information; and
wherein the secure-element-related service application, when installed within the secure element, is configured to allow the first server entity, together with the UE-related application installed on the user equipment, to provide a service to the subscriber of the telecommunications network.

US Pat. No. 10,027,815

METHOD FOR INFORMING A TELECOMMUNICATIONS SUBSCRIBER ABROAD

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for informing a telecommunications subscriber in a foreign country of at least one item of information, wherein,the telecommunications subscriber is assigned to a telecommunications provider in a home country via a customer relationship,
the home country has a first time zone,
the foreign country has a second time zone,
the at least one item of information comprises the first time zone and the second time zone and is transmitted to the telecommunications subscriber when a mailbox provided by the telecommunications provider is used, and
the at least one item of information is a recording made by a subscriber to the mailbox,
the method comprising:
transmitting the at least one item of information to the telecommunications subscriber via a voice message;
announcing the voice message via an automatic voice message;
playing back a call stored in the mailbox; and
announcing a further item of information comprising,
that the subscriber who made the recording in the mailbox via the automatic voice message could be called back in a preferred time interval in the foreign country of the telecommunication subscriber, and
a preferred callback time for calling back the subscriber who made the recording in the mailbox via the automatic voice message;
wherein,
the announcing of the further item of information that the subscriber who made the recording in the mailbox via the automatic voice message could be called back in the preferred time interval in the foreign country of the telecommunication subscriber occurs prior to the announcement of the second time zone of the foreign country.

US Pat. No. 9,900,327

METHOD FOR DETECTING AN ATTACK IN A COMPUTER NETWORK

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for analyzing warning messages in a computer network comprising a plurality of computers, the method comprising:
receiving, by an analysis system, a plurality of warning messages from the computers, wherein the received warning messages
include warning messages corresponding to different types of anomalies in the computer network;

determining, by the analysis system, that a first type of anomaly in the computer network is unfamiliar by determining a number
of received warning messages corresponding to the first type of anomaly in the computer network is below a predetermined event
threshold;

in response to determining that the first type of anomaly is unfamiliar:
outputting, by the analysis system, an alarm signal; and
determining, by the analysis system, a probability that the first type of anomaly corresponds to an attack on the computer
network based on: the difference between the number of received warning messages corresponding to the first type of anomaly
in the computer network and the predetermined event threshold, a frequency of rarely executed processes in the computer network,
or a frequency of programs which have only been executed on a predetermined group of computers of the plurality of computers
in the computer network since a predetermined time; and

in response to the determined probability exceeding a particular threshold:
correlating, by the analysis system, the determined probability with an event;
outputting, by the analysis system, the event to a specialist for analysis; and
adjusting, by the analysis system, the predetermined event threshold based on the degree to which the number of received warning
messages corresponding to the first type of anomaly in the computer network is below the predetermined event threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,091,838

METHOD FOR IMPROVED COMMUNICATION BETWEEN NETWORK NODES OF A MOBILE COMMUNICATION NETWORK, MOBILE COMMUNICATION NETWORK, PROGRAM AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for communication between network nodes of a mobile communication network, wherein the mobile communication network comprises an access network and a core network, wherein the access network comprises a plurality of base station entities, the plurality of base station entities comprising a first base station entity, a second base station entity, and further base station entities, wherein base station entities of the plurality of base station entities are enabled to be able to communicate directly with each other using respective communication interfaces between two base station entities of the plurality of base station entities, wherein the method comprises:in a first step, establishing a communication interface between the first and second base station entities, wherein establishing the communication interface includes generating a first communication interface instance at the first base station entity and a second communication interface instance at the second base station entity;
in a second step, subsequent to the first step, transmitting a first removal message from the first base station entity—acting as a removal initiating base station entity among the first and second base station entities—to the second base station entity—acting as a removal responding base station entity among the first and second base station entities; and
in a third step, subsequent to the second step, transmitting a second removal message from the second base station entity to the first base station entity, wherein the second removal message comprises a benefit information, wherein the benefit information is indicative of a benefit value—for the second base station entity—of the communication interface between the first and second base station entities.

US Pat. No. 9,934,337

FLEXIBLE AND SCALABLE SIMULATIONS OF MASS PARTICIPANTS IN REAL TIME

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A simulator comprising a memory which comprises instructions and at least one hardware processor to execute said instructions, for simulating in real time the behavior of mass participants in a real system by creating a simulation of how said real system performs by populating itself with individuals and generating and recording signals related to the activities that each participant carries out at any given moment, without the need to maintain all participants of the system, said simulator having an architecture adapted to allow maximum flexibility and adaptation to the time and auxiliary constraints of a wide variety of computer models of real systems, said at least one hardware processor comprising:i) Participant ID Generator components, which randomly select from a total number of participants ID numbers of participants that are actually performing some activity at any given moment; the output of the Participant ID Generator components is known as the Participant ID-(PID);
ii) Participant Generator components adapted to use the PID to generate profiles of participants that are actually performing some activity, said profiles are known as Participants;
iii) Schedule Generator components adapted to create schedules of activities for each Participant and to pick a decision regarding a current activity at a given time, where decisions are identified by their Schedule ID (SID);
iv) Action Transformer components adapted to receive the current activities for each Participant in terms of a simulated world and to transform them to Signals received by a simulated system;
v) at least one Signal Observer component adapted to receive said Signals from the Action Transformer components and to stream them as output signals observed by the simulated system, wherein a number of instances reflects a number of concurrent output streams; and
vi) Dynamic Adapter components adapted to deal with caching decisions simulation-wide and to convert between time space and auxiliary space of various components of the simulator according to the current state of the at least one processor the simulation is running upon.

US Pat. No. 9,756,134

NETWORK ENTITY AND METHOD FOR MANAGING SESSION INITIATION PROTOCOL COMMUNICATIONS TOWARDS A USER ENTITY IN A COMMUNICATION NETWORK

Deutsche Telekom AG, Bon...

1. A system for managing Session Initiation Protocol communications in an IP Multimedia Subsystem communication network, the
system comprising:
a network entity for managing the Session Initiation Protocol communications towards a user entity in the communication network,
the network entity including:

a receiver for receiving a first Session Initiation Protocol message from a second network entity comprising a Serving Call
Session Control Function (S-CSCF);

a transmitter for transmitting a second Session Initiation Protocol message over the communication network towards a third
network entity comprising an application server; and

a processor for generating the second Session Initiation Protocol message in response to receiving the first Session Initiation
Protocol message, the second Session Initiation Protocol message having user-specific data relating to the user entity, wherein
the user-specific data is received from a fourth network entity comprising a Home Subscriber Server (HSS),

wherein the processor is configured to insert the user-specific data into the first Session Initiation Protocol message for
generating the second Session Initiation Protocol message, and the user-specific data indicates a current communication status
of the user entity in both a packet-switched domain and a circuit-switched domain of the communication network;

the second network entity being a hardware entity comprising the Serving Call Session Control Function;
the third network entity comprising the application server; and
a fifth network entity comprising a Proxy Call Session Control Function (P-CSCF), wherein
the network entity is configured to transmit the second Session Initiation Protocol message including the user-specific data
towards the second network entity; wherein

the second network entity is configured to forward the second Session Initiation Protocol message towards the application
server comprised in the third network entity, the application server using the user-specific data; and wherein

the second network entity is configured to remove the user-specific data from the second Session Initiation Protocol message
before forwarding the second Session Initiation Protocol message towards the P-CSCF comprised in the fifth network entity.

US Pat. No. 9,699,681

ENHANCING THE USAGE OF RESOURCES RELATED TO THE TRANSMISSION OF ENVIRONMENT-RELATED INFORMATION BETWEEN A USER EQUIPMENT AND A MOBILE COMMUNICATION NETWORK

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for transmission of environment-related information between a user equipment and a mobile communication network,
wherein the method comprises:
transmitting, in a first step, measurement configuration information from the mobile communication network to the user equipment,
wherein the mobile communication network comprises a base station entity, wherein the user equipment comprises at least one
radio interface, wherein an uplink radio connection between the user equipment and the base station entity is at least able
to be established using the at least one radio interface of the user equipment, wherein a control channel of the mobile communication
network is used for the transmission of the measurement configuration information, and wherein the measurement configuration
information comprises an indication that a requested measurement shall be reported to the base station entity together with
at least one other uplink transmission performed by the user equipment using the at least one radio interface of the user
equipment, wherein the requested measurement is to be conducted by the user equipment and results in obtaining local network
information only in case that a battery level of the user equipment is above a predefined threshold or the user equipment
is connected to a battery recharger or a grid;

obtaining the local network information by conducting the requested measurement, in a second step subsequent to the first
step; and

transmitting, in a third step subsequent to the second step, the local network information together with the at least one
other uplink transmission performed by the user equipment to the base station entity by using the at least one radio interface
of the user equipment;

wherein during a fourth step subsequent to the second step and prior to the third step, the local network information is logged
by the user equipment;

wherein the measurement configuration information comprises an indication to the user equipment to perform inter-frequency
and/or inter-radio access technology (RAT) measurements only in case that at most a predefined number of serving base station
entities are detectable by the user equipment.

US Pat. No. 9,788,101

METHOD FOR INCREASING THE AWARENESS OF HEADPHONE USERS, USING SELECTIVE AUDIO

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for providing elected sounds to a user of a cellular mobile device, who is isolated from sounds of the environment,
to increase his awareness regarding entities or events in his vicinity, comprising the steps of:
a) remotely storing a predefined collection of reference sounds in a database;
b) by said user, wearing sound isolating headphones, which are connected to his mobile device;
c) installing a mobile application on said mobile device, said mobile application is configured to:
c.1) automatically activate a microphone of said mobile device, when the isolating headphones are plugged into said mobile
device;

c.2) periodically compare in real-time, sounds received from the environment via said microphone, to said collection of reference
sounds;

c.3) selectively filter sounds out of the environment, which match one or more reference sounds from said collection; and
c.4) as long as the sounds received from the environment match said one or more reference sounds from said collection, continuously
pass the filtered sounds to said isolating headphones,

wherein the filtered sounds that are passed to said isolating headphones are filtered according to a current context and location
associated with surrounding threats to which the user wearing said isolating headphones is exposed when being outdoors and
constitute sound alerts,

wherein a cellular based sound alert is passed to the user to indicate that a movement path of the user should be changed
in order to avoid an encounter with an obstacle.

US Pat. No. 10,063,483

ENHANCED LOAD BALANCING IN A MOBILE COMMUNICATION NETWORK

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for enhanced load balancing in a mobile communication network,wherein a user equipment is connected or requests to be connected to the mobile communication network using an access point name identifier and a packet data network,
wherein a mobility management entity and a home subscriber server are involved in providing communication services of the mobile communication network to the user equipment and/or connecting the user equipment to the mobile communication network,
wherein a packet data network gateway is to be selected for providing the communications services of the mobile communication network,
wherein the method comprises:
indicating, by the home subscriber server, allocation type information and allocation mode information to the mobility management entity.

US Pat. No. 9,979,729

CONTROLLING ACCESS FOR A HOME CONTROL DEVICE INCLUDING AN ONLINE MODE AND AN OFFLINE MODE

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for controlling access for a home control device, the method comprising:providing, by the home control device, a user with access to functions of the home control device in accordance with an online mode of the home control device when the home control device is connected to a central platform via the Internet, wherein providing the user with access to functions of the home control device in accordance with the online mode of the home control device is based on the access being granted by the central platform; and
providing, by a home control device, the user with access to functions of the home control device in accordance with an offline mode of the home control device when the home control device is not connected to the central platform, wherein providing the user with access to functions of the home control device in accordance with the offline mode of the home control device is based on the access being granted locally by the home control device;
wherein fewer rights are provided to the user as part of access in accordance with the offline mode relative to the rights provided to the user as part of access accordance with in the online mode.

US Pat. No. 9,912,548

ENHANCED TRACING AND/OR MONITORING OF THE NETWORK NODES OF A COMMUNICATION NETWORK

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for enhanced tracing and/or monitoring of network nodes of a communication network, wherein the communication
network comprises a plurality of virtual machines in a network architecture realizing network function virtualization of the
communication network, wherein at least one virtual machine of the plurality of virtual machines realizes or is associated
with at least one network node functionality of the communication network via sending first data packets to and/or receiving
second data packets from other virtual machines of the plurality of virtual machines of the communication network or via sending
first data packets to and/or receiving second data packets from network nodes within or outside of the communication network,
wherein the virtual machines of the plurality of virtual machines are instantiated and/or generated and/or controlled and/or
moved and/or removed by a virtualized network function manager functionality of the communication network,

wherein the communication network comprises at least one tracing functionality agent, the at least one tracing functionality
agent being a virtualized tracing functionality agent and being integrated in the at least one virtual machine of the plurality
of virtual machines such that the at least one tracing functionality agent is a tracing functionality agent corresponding
to the at least one virtual machine, the method comprising:

capturing, by the at least one tracing functionality agent corresponding to the at least one virtual machine, the first data
packets being sent by the at least one virtual machine and/or the second data packets being received by the at least one virtual
machine, wherein the first data packets and/or the second data packets are data packets exchanged between virtual machines
of the plurality of virtual machines as part of the at least one network node functionality; and

transmitting, by the at least one tracing functionality agent corresponding to the at least one virtual machine, the first
data packets and/or the second data packets to a monitoring entity or to a big data layer of the communication network.

US Pat. No. 9,639,338

COMPUTER-IMPLEMENTED METHOD, SYSTEM AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT FOR DEPLOYING AN APPLICATION ON A COMPUTING RESOURCE

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A computer-implemented method for deploying an application on a computing resource, wherein the application is provided
remotely to a plurality of tenants of users, wherein the application comprises a plurality of application components, the
computer-implemented method comprising:
defining groups and sub-groups of tenants for categorizing the plurality of tenants, including defining a first group and
a first plurality of sub-groups associated with the first group of tenants;

assigning each tenant of the plurality of tenants to at least one group and/or at least one sub-group;
providing a deployment model for each combination of: an application component of the plurality of application components
and a tenant of the plurality of tenants;

determining constraint information for each combination of application component and tenant depending on the deployment model,
wherein the deployment model is configured to enable each tenant of the plurality of tenants to include and/or exclude entire
groups and sub-groups of tenants from sharing one or more application components and/or infrastructure of the computing resource,
wherein including or excluding the first group causes the first plurality of sub-groups associated with the first group of
tenants to be included or excluded, respectively, wherein a hierarchical relationship between the plurality of application
components corresponds to a directed graph without cycles, and wherein a further application component is associated with
a higher level application component;

determining a valid deployment configuration of the application on the computing resource depending on the constraint information
associated with each application component of the plurality of application components; and

deploying the application on the computing resource depending on the determined valid deployment configuration;
wherein the valid deployment configuration is determined via an optimization method;
wherein in a first step of the optimization method at least one initial deployment unit of a plurality of initial deployment
units is generated per application component of the plurality of application components, the plurality of initial deployment
units being associated with an initial deployment level of a sequence of deployment levels;

wherein in a second step of the optimization method a plurality of further deployment units associated with a further deployment
level is generated, the plurality of further deployment units being generated depending on a plurality of preceding deployment
units associated with a preceding deployment level in the sequence of deployment levels;

wherein the second step of the optimization method comprises determining a minimum number of further deployment units for
deploying the plurality of preceding deployment units on the further deployment level depending on the constraint information.

US Pat. No. 9,904,700

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR GUARANTEEING AND OPTIMIZING DATA EXCHANGE IN MOBILE M2M COMMUNICATION WITH RESTRICTED CONNECTIVITY

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for exchanging data intended for a backend system between at least two mobile units if restricted connectivity
is present between the mobile units and the backend system, wherein the at least two mobile units each comprise a local database
for storing data corresponding to each respective mobile unit, wherein the at least two mobile units are each configured to
generate a respective local index based on the respective stored data, wherein the at least two mobile units each have a respective
master index corresponding to the stored data of the backend system at the time of a last data exchange between the respective
mobile unit and the backend system, wherein the method comprises, when there is no connectivity between the at least two mobile
units and the backend system:
setting up, by the at least two mobile units, an ad-hoc network between the at least two mobile units;
exchanging, by the at least two mobile units, the respective master indexes and the respective local indexes between the at
least two mobile units;

deleting, by a first mobile unit, an older master index corresponding to the first mobile unit and storing a more current
master index corresponding to a second mobile unit as an updated master index for the first mobile unit, wherein the older
master index corresponding to the first mobile is older than the more current master index corresponding to the second mobile
unit;

deleting, by the first mobile unit, data from the local database of the first mobile unit which have already been sent to
the backend system, based on a comparison of the more current master index with the local index of the first mobile unit;

updating, by the first mobile unit, the local index of the first mobile unit in the local database of the first mobile unit;
and

transmitting, by the at least two mobile units, additional data present in the respective local databases of the at least
two mobile units to one or more respective other mobile units so that the local databases of each of the at least two mobile
units comprise identical data which have not yet been sent to the backend system; and

further updating, by the at least two mobile units, the respective local indexes of the at least two mobile units.

US Pat. No. 10,136,454

APPLICATION SERVER FOR MANAGING COMMUNICATIONS TOWARDS A SET OF USER ENTITIES

Deutsche Telekom AG, Bon...

1. An application server for managing communications towards a set of user entities associated with a single user subscriber and addressable by a same public identification of the single user subscriber, the set of user entities having a first user entity, wherein the user entities are Subscriber Identity Modules (SIMs) of a Multi-SIM arrangement providing a service supporting communications of several mobile terminals of the single user subscriber upon the basis of only one Mobile Subscriber Integrated Services Digital Network Number (MSISDN) as public identification, the application server comprising:a receiver for receiving a first session initiation request, the first session initiation request comprising the public identification identifying the set of user entities associated with the single user subscriber and addressable by the same public identification of the single user subscriber, wherein each user entity of the set of user entities has its own International Mobile Subscriber Identity (IMSI), but is addressable by the same public identification of the single user subscriber;
a processor for assigning a first user identification to the public identification, the first user identification identifying the first user entity; and
a transmitter for transmitting a second session initiation request to establish a communication link towards the first user entity, the second session initiation request comprising the first user identification,
wherein the processor is configured to determine a first communication state of the first user entity and a second communication state of a second user entity of the set of user entities, the communication state being one of a busy state, an idle state and a non-available state, and wherein the transmitter is configured to transmit the second session initiation request towards the first user entity if the first communication state indicates that the first user entity is in the busy state and towards the first and second user entities by a parallel ringing if the first and second communication states indicate that the first and second user entities are in the idle state, and wherein the first user entity accepting the second session initiation causes the second session initiation request towards the second user entity to be terminated, and
wherein the application server is configured to receive two user identifications for each user entity, wherein a first user identification of the two user identifications comprises a Globally Routable User Agent Uniform Resource Identifier (GRUU) and a second user identification of the two user identifications comprises an IMSI,
wherein the application server is configured to perform a third-party registration comprising an exchange of the following registration messages with a network control entity including:
receiving a first message from the network control entity to register an IMS Public User Identification (IMPU) of the first user entity, wherein the first message comprises the MSISDN of the first user entity, wherein the IMPU of the first user entity is known by the network control entity from a previous IMS registration procedure with the first user entity;
responding with an acknowledgement to the first message;
transmitting a second message to the network control entity, wherein the second message comprises a subscription to a registration event package;
receiving an acknowledgement to the second message;
receiving a SIP Notify message from the network control entity, wherein the SIP Notify message notifies the IMPU and a GRUU associated with the first user entity, wherein the GRUU of the first user entity is emulated by the network control entity on behalf of the first user entity;
responding with an acknowledgement to the SIP Notify message;
receiving a second SIP Notify message from the network control entity, wherein the second SIP Notify message notifies an IMPU and a GRUU associated with the second user entity, wherein the IMPU of the second user entity is known by the network control entity from a previous IMS registration procedure with the second user entity and wherein the GRUU of the second user entity is emulated by the network control entity on behalf of the second user entity; and
responding with an acknowledgement to the second SIP Notify message.

US Pat. No. 9,997,065

REMOTE CONTROL USING PASSIVE COMPONENTS

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A receiver, comprising:a first wireless transmitter, configured to transmit power for a remote control, wherein the remote control is a passive or active radio frequency identification (RFID) transponder;
a first receiver, configured to receive data from the remote control;
a second wireless transmitter, configured to transmit the data from the remote control to a device; and
a processor, configured to process the data from the remote control to facilitate transmission of the data from the remote control to the device via the second wireless transmitter;
wherein the processor is further configured to facilitate:
transmitting a password and a first parameter to the remote control;
receiving a second parameter together with a code from the remote control;
comparing the second parameter together with the code with a computed result; and
in response to the second parameter together with the code matching the computed result, performing a function.

US Pat. No. 9,886,847

REMOTE CONTROL USING PASSIVE COMPONENTS

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A remote control for one or more technical devices, comprising:
a passive or active radiofrequency identification (RFID) transponder, configured to be triggered by a switching contact physically
touched by a user, in order to transmit data to control the one or more technical devices;

wherein the switching contact is a button;
wherein the data is only transmitted when the button is pressed and if a special function signal corresponding to a password
is received by the RFID transponder to activate data transmission.

US Pat. No. 10,097,978

TRANSMITTING MACHINE TYPE COMMUNICATION DATA BETWEEN A PLURALITY OF MACHINE TYPE COMMUNICATION DEVICES AND A MOBILE COMMUNICATION NETWORK

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for transmitting machine type communication data between a plurality of machine type communication devices and a mobile communication network, the mobile communication network comprising an access network having at least a radio cell and a base station entity associated with the radio cell, the base station entity comprising an antenna equipment, wherein the antenna equipment is used for transmitting the machine type communication data, wherein the mobile communication network provides mobile communication services—involving mobile communication data having bitrates of at least 9.6 kBd (9600 bits per second) and using the antenna equipment of the base station entity—to mobile subscribers of the mobile communication network, wherein an air interface between the base station entity and the mobile subscribers comprises a plurality of frequency channels within at least one frequency band to provide the mobile communication services, the method comprising:receiving, by the antenna equipment of the base station entity, radiofrequency electromagnetic signals transmitted by the machine type communication devices;
wherein via the radiofrequency electromagnetic signals the machine type communication data are transmitted at least towards the base station entity, wherein the machine type communication data have a bitrate, on average per a time interval of at least 60 minutes, of at most 1 Bd (1 bit per second);
wherein the radiofrequency electromagnetic signals overlap—at least partially and in the frequency domain—with at least one frequency channel of the at least one frequency band;
wherein, after the receiving of the radiofrequency electromagnetic signals by the antenna equipment of the base station entity, the machine type communication data are separated from the mobile communication data and/or decoded separately from the mobile communication data.

US Pat. No. 9,996,993

SYSTEM FOR CONSTRUCTING STOPPED VEHICLE-INFRASTRUCTURE COMMUNICATION NETWORK

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for utilizing computing and/or storage resources of at least one parked vehicle performing at least a portion of a task, the method comprising:recognizing a presence of at least one parked vehicle;
establishing a network connection between at least one vehicle processor of the at least one parked vehicle and at least one serer;
collecting information from the at least one parked vehicle, the collected information including at least one of a current computational capacity and a current storage capacity of the at least one parked vehicle;
dividing the task into a plurality of sub-tasks, wherein each subtask includes at least one of a computational task and a storing task;
dispatching at least one task of the plurality of subtasks to the at least one vehicle processor based on the at least one of the current computational capacity and the current storage capacity of the at least one parked vehicle; and
performing, by the at least one vehicle processor of the at least one parked vehicle, the at least on dispatched subtask.

US Pat. No. 9,973,946

PROTECTING A MOBILE COMMUNICATION NETWORK FROM PERFORMANCE IMPACTS

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for protecting a mobile communication network from performance impacts, wherein the mobile communication network comprises an access network and a core network, the access network comprising a plurality of radio cells and a plurality of base station entities, and the core network comprising a plurality of network nodes of the mobile communication network, wherein a user equipment is located in a radio cell of the plurality of radio cells, the radio cell being served by a base station entity of the plurality of base station entities, wherein the user equipment is able to be either in an idle state or in an activated state, wherein the user equipment is represented by a specific IP-address or a specific range of IP-addresses, wherein the core network comprises a filter element, wherein the method comprises:determining, by the filter element, whether to apply a forwarding functionality or an alternative treatment functionality for downlink data packets directed to the specific IP-address or to the specific range of IP-addresses of the user equipment, wherein the application of the forwarding functionality versus the alternative treatment functionality of the filter element is based on load conditions of the mobile communication network at a reception time of the downlink data packets at the core network; and
providing the forwarding functionality or the alternative treatment functionality for the downlink data packets directed to the specific IP-address or to the specific range of IP-addresses of the user equipment;
wherein at a given load condition of the mobile communication network, the forwarding functionality is applied for a particular downlink data packet if at least one of the following conditions are met:
the filter element comprises information that the user equipment is in the activated state;
a preceding downlink data packet, preceding the particular downlink data packet in time and being directed to the specific IP-address or to the specific range of IP-addresses of the user equipment, has been forwarded to the user equipment, wherein the preceding downlink data packet precedes the particular downlink data packet by less than a predetermined first time interval;
a preceding uplink data packet, preceding the particular downlink data packet in time and originating from the specific IP-address or from the specific range of IP-addresses of the user equipment, has been received, by the filter element, from the user equipment, wherein the preceding uplink data packet precedes the particular downlink data packet by less than a predetermined second time interval; and
wherein at the given load condition of the mobile communication network, the alternative treatment functionality is applied for a particular downlink data packet if none of the foregoing conditions are met.

US Pat. No. 10,091,016

MIGRATION OF CONTROL ELEMENTS IN A BUILDING CONTROL SYSTEM

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for controlling at least one device in at least one building, the method comprising:selectively transferring, by a control system comprising a server and a gateway, via a control command, at least one application from being activated at the server to being activated at the gateway or from being activated at the gateway to being activated at the server based on at least one transfer rule, wherein the at least one application is preinstalled both on the server and on the gateway; and
controlling, by the control system, the at least one device via the at least one application.

US Pat. No. 9,940,833

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR LANE-ACCURATE DETERMINATION OF THE TRAVEL DIRECTION OF A VEHICLE AND OUTPUTTING WARNING MESSAGES IN THE CASE OF WRONG-WAY TRAVEL

Deutsche Telekom AG, Bon...

1. A method for detecting the direction of travel of a vehicle and for determining whether the vehicle is traveling in the wrong direction, the method which comprises:providing an arrangement of radio beacons along a lane in a section of a road, wherein the radio beacons use short-range radio;
emitting identifiers from the radio beacons that are arranged along the lane;
when the vehicle travels through the section of road, receiving with a radio receiver of a cell phone device in the vehicle, the emitted identifiers of the radio beacons in succession
activating the radio receiver by long-range data radio when the vehicle enters the section of the road; and
determining an actual direction of travel of the vehicle based on the sequence in which the successively received identifiers are received;
triggering a warning signal and passing the warning signal on via the long-range radio if the vehicle is moving counter to the prescribed direction of travel.

US Pat. No. 10,349,431

RADIO COMMUNICATION NETWORK WITH MULTI THRESHOLD BASED SLA MONITORING FOR RADIO RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A radio communication network, comprising:a network orchestration entity, configured to orchestrate a plurality of network resources to set up at least two logical networks of a plurality of logical networks based on respective logical network-specific service level agreements (SLAs);
a radio scheduler, configured to schedule radio resources of the at least two logical networks based on a scheduling strategy;
a monitoring entity, configured to monitor performance information from the at least two logical networks; and
a controller, configured to:
determine SLA metrics for the at least two logical networks based on the monitored performance information from the at least two logical networks;
detect a threshold violation of an SLA metric with respect to a set of thresholds associated with a first logical network of the at least two logical networks; and
adjust the scheduling strategy based on the detected threshold violation.

US Pat. No. 9,980,129

TRANSFERRING AN ASSIGNMENT REGARDING AN EMBEDDED UNIVERSAL INTEGRATED CIRCUIT ENTITY FROM A FIRST MOBILE NETWORK OPERATOR TO A SECOND MOBILE NETWORK OPERATOR

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for transferring an assignment regarding an embedded universal integrated circuit entity within an electronic device from a first mobile network operator to a second mobile network operator, wherein the embedded universal integrated circuit entity is integrated in the electronic device, wherein the electronic device comprises a microprocessor, wherein the method comprises the following steps:in a first step, the embedded universal integrated circuit entity is initialized, together with the electronic device, to be used with the first mobile network operator and a corresponding mobile communication network by using—by the electronic device and the embedded universal integrated circuit entity—an access number for communication contacts with the first mobile network operator and the mobile communication network, wherein first subscription related information and/or first logging related information, related to the embedded universal integrated circuit entity and/or to the electronic device, is stored, by the first mobile network operator, in a specific repository accessible to the first mobile network operator, wherein the first subscription related information and/or the first logging related information relates to the use of the embedded universal integrated circuit entity and/or the electronic device with the first mobile network operator; and
in a second step, subsequent to the first step, the assignment regarding the embedded universal integrated circuit entity is transferred from the first mobile network operator to the second mobile network operator, wherein—when conducting the transfer of the assignment—the first subscription related information and/or the first logging related information of the specific repository is accessed by the second mobile network operator;
wherein the specific repository is configured to provide the functionality of an enhanced home location register or an enhanced home subscriber server such that additional data is retrievable from the specific repository, the additional data relating to the lifecycle of the electronic device and/or of the embedded universal integrated circuit entity, the additional data comprising:
data or information related to contracts;
data or information related to status;
data or information related to external databases; and/or
data or information related to history of the usage of the electronic device and/or the associated embedded universal integrated circuit entity.

US Pat. No. 10,153,835

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR WIRELESS DATA TRANSMISSION

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

4. A system for wireless data transmission, comprising:a first communication device; and
a second communication device;
wherein the first communication device acts as a data source and the second communication device acts as a data sink;
wherein the first and second communication devices are configured to form a hybrid transmission path between the data source and the data sink when transmitting data, the hybrid transmission path comprising a radio channel in accordance with the wireless local area network (WLAN) standard and an optical direct channel;
wherein the data source comprises a radio transmitter, an optical transmitter, and an adjustment device for aligning the optical transmitter;
wherein the data sink comprises a radio receiver and an optical receiver;
wherein the data source is configured to split user data to be transmitted from the data source to the data sink into user data to be transmitted via the radio channel and user data to be transmitted via the optical direct channel, to transmit the user data to be transmitted via the radio channel by modulating a carrier signal for the radio channel, to transmit the user data to be transmitted via the optical direct channel by modulating an optical carrier signal, and to control the adjustment device for the data source to align the optical transmitter of the data source to the optical receiver of the data sink based on WLAN positioning; and
wherein the data sink is configured to merge the user data transmitted via the radio channel and the user data transmitted via the optical direct channel back together after demodulation of the respective carrier signals to provide merged transmitted user data.

US Pat. No. 10,237,774

METHOD FOR NETWORK IDENTIFICATION ACQUISITION BY REGULAR USERS FOR SUPPORTING AUTOMATED PLANNING AND OPTIMIZATION PROCESSES IN CELLULAR MOBILE RADIO NETWORKS

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method of acquiring parameters reflecting the supply quality of a cellular mobile radio network having at least one mobile radio terminal that is a conventional subscriber terminal device of a user of the mobile radio network without an external device for determining position and a base station, the method comprising the steps, each time there is a break in a communication connection via a first radio channel between the base station and the mobile radio terminal or when at least one of the parameters to be acquired or another parameter of the cellular mobile radio network falls below or exceed a threshold value, of:the mobile radio terminal
automatically determining by the mobile radio terminal the parameters at the current position of the mobile radio terminal,
storing the determined parameters in at least one storage device of the mobile radio terminal,
establishing a new connection to the mobile radio network via a second radio channel different from the first radio channel, and
sending a first message as a measurement report containing the stored parameters via a signaling channel of the mobile radio network to the base station; and
the base station either
generating a second message including the parameters of the first message or
collecting a number of measurement reports and generating a second message including these measurement reports, and thereafter
sending the second message with the parameters or with the number of measurement reports together to an acquisition, analysis, and processing unit in the mobile radio network.

US Pat. No. 10,165,614

PROVIDING ENHANCED AND/OR SUPPLEMENTARY NETWORK CONNECTIVITY TO AT LEAST ONE CLIENT DEVICE THAT IS CONNECTED TO A TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORK USING A CUSTOMER PREMISES EQUIPMENT DEVICE

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

7. A method for providing enhanced and/or supplementary network connectivity to at least one client device being connected to a telecommunications network using a customer premises equipment device, wherein the method comprises:connecting a mobile phone or a mobile computing device, being used as a supplementary access gateway device, to the customer premises equipment device, the customer premises equipment device being configured to provide—by using a first interface of the customer premises equipment device towards a first access network of the telecommunications network—network connectivity, using the first access network, between the telecommunications network and the at least one client device;
wherein the mobile phone or the mobile computing device is directly connected to a second access network via a second interface of the mobile phone or the mobile computing device, wherein the second access network is an access network of either the telecommunications network or of a further telecommunications network;
wherein the method further comprises:
providing enhanced and/or supplementary network connectivity to the at least one client device using the second access network and the second interface of the mobile phone or the mobile computing device, the enhanced and/or supplementary network connectivity being provided to the at least one client device instead of or in addition to the network connectivity provided using the first access network and the customer premises equipment device; and
connecting the mobile phone or the mobile computing device to the at least one client device via a logical connection.

US Pat. No. 10,200,273

METHOD AND SYSTEM OF DATA ROUTING THROUGH TIME-VARIANT CONTEXTUAL TRUST

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method of data routing in a network through time-variant contextual trust, comprising:determining, by the network, a level and a nature of confidentiality of data to be transmitted from at least one network component to at least one recipient network component, wherein the level and the nature of confidentiality is determined by polling the at least one network component and/or by polling an external data storage device having stored information, the information being referenced by a unique ID code;
determining, by the network, a time-variant availability of at least one hop node;
determining, by the network, an owner of the at least one hop node, an owner of the at least one network component, a profile of the owner of the at least one hop node, and a profile of the owner of the at least one network component;
determining, by the network, a time-variant contextual trust between the owner of the at least one network component and the owner of the at least one hop node by computing a level of trust of the owner of the at least one hop node and by computing a relevance of the profile of the owner of the at least one network component to the profile of the owner of the at least one hop node in the context of the data;
determining, by the network, a hop routing strategy for routing the data from the at least one network component or from at least one other hop node to the at least one hop node or to the at least one recipient network component to generate one or more possible hop connection paths, wherein determining the hop routing strategy is based on: a desired level of trust for the data, a measure of contextual trust between the owner of the at least one network component and the owner of the at least one hop node and/or between the at least one hop node and another hop node, and a time-variant sensitivity of the data, wherein the time-variant sensitivity comprises a time-variant level of confidentiality of the data; and
routing, by the network, the data to the at least one recipient network component based on the determined hop routing strategy.

US Pat. No. 10,154,405

CONTROL SERVER IN A COMMUNICATION NETWORK

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A control server for distributing a data volume in a communication network, wherein the data volume is assigned to a group of electronic subscriber identification modules, wherein the group of electronic subscriber identification modules comprises a first electronic subscriber identification module and a second electronic subscriber identification module, the control server comprising:a communication interface for receiving a first identification of the first electronic subscriber identification module and a second identification of the second electronic subscriber identification module; and
a processor, configured to assign a first partial data volume of the data volume to the first electronic subscriber identification module and a second partial data volume of the data volume to the second electronic subscriber identification module according to an electronic distribution rule;
wherein the communication network is a 5G communication network, the data volume corresponds to a service by a slice of the 5G communication network, and the control server is disposed in the slice of the 5G communication network; and
wherein the first electronic subscriber identification module and the second electronic subscriber identification module are installed in different devices of a user.

US Pat. No. 10,154,366

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR EXCHANGING DATA WITH A MOBILE COMMUNICATION NETWORK USING AT LEAST ONE GROUP OF CLONED SUBSCRIBER IDENTITY MODULES

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for exchanging data with a mobile communication network using a group of cloned subscriber identity modules, wherein the mobile communication network comprises an access network and a core network, wherein the group of cloned subscriber identity modules comprises a plurality of separate subscriber identity modules, each having an assigned International Mobile Subscriber Identity (IMSI) and an assigned Mobile Subscriber Integrated Services Digital Network Number (MSISDN), the assigned IMSI and/or the assigned MSISDN being identical for the subscriber identity modules of the group of cloned subscriber identity modules, wherein the group of cloned subscriber identity modules is associated to a group of user equipments and/or machine type communication (MTC) devices, each of the user equipments and/or MTC devices comprising at least one subscriber identity module of the group of cloned subscriber identity modules, wherein the group of cloned subscriber identity modules comprises a first cloned subscriber identity module and a second cloned subscriber identity module, wherein the method comprises:in a first step, receiving, by the mobile communication network, a first attachment request from a user equipment and/or MTC device corresponding to the second cloned subscriber identity module;
in a second step, subsequent to the first step, in response to a user equipment and/or MTC device corresponding to the first cloned subscriber identity module still being attached to the mobile communication network:
rejecting, by the mobile communication network, the first attachment request, and
transmitting, by the mobile communication network, a waiting time information indicative of a waiting time interval to the user equipment and/or MTC device corresponding to the second cloned subscriber identity module; and
in a third step, subsequent to the second step, receiving, by the mobile communication network, a second attachment request from the user equipment and/or MTC device corresponding to the second cloned subscriber identity module after the waiting time interval has elapsed.

US Pat. No. 10,425,245

METHOD FOR SETTING UP A LOCAL CONTROL CHANNEL BETWEEN A CONTROL UNIT AND A BUILDING-INTERNAL ACCESS PORTAL

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for setting up a local control channel between a control device and a building-internal network device, the method comprising:authenticating the control device against a building-external authentication server via a building-external communication network;
transmitting a network address of the building-internal network device using the building-external authentication server to the control device based on a successful authentication of the control device against the building-external authentication server via the building-external communication network;
transmitting an access authorization for access to the building-internal network device to the control device using the building-external authentication server via the building-external communication network based on the successful authentication of the control device against the building-external authentication server via the building-external communication network; and
setting up the local control channel between the control device and the building-internal network device in response to receiving the network address of the building-internal network device and the access authorization;
wherein the control device controls sensors and/or actuators of an automation network via the building-internal network device, wherein the building-internal network device is connected to and controls access to the sensors and/or actuators of the automation network, and wherein the automation network comprises a plurality of device networks corresponding to a plurality of technologies and/or manufacturers, each device network comprising sensors and/or actuators corresponding to a specific technology or manufacturer;
wherein the building-internal network device communicates with a building-internal Internet access device via a building-internal communication network, and the building-internal Internet access device provides an interface between the building-internal communication network and the building-external communication network;
wherein authentication of the control device against the building-external authentication server and setting up the local control channel further comprise:
recording, by the building-external authentication server, an allocation from the control device to the building-internal network device, wherein the allocation indicates that the building-internal network device can be controlled by the control device, and wherein the building-external authentication server makes the allocation from a number of n control devices to a number of m building-internal network devices according to a n-to-m relationship;
recording, by the building-external authentication server, a local address, an identity, and credentials of the building-internal network device provided by the building-internal network device;
authenticating, by the building-external authentication server, the control device based on the recorded allocation;
returning, by the building-external authentication server, the recorded local address and credentials of the building-internal network device to the control device; and
establishing a connection between the control device and the building-internal network device based on the returned local address of the building-internal network device and based on an authentication with the returned credentials of the building-internal network device.

US Pat. No. 10,405,233

ENHANCED OVERLOAD PROTECTION IN A TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORK

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for enhanced overload protection in a telecommunications network, wherein the telecommunications network is configured to provide communication services to a plurality of user equipments, wherein any data transmission of payload data between the telecommunications network and any of the plurality of user equipments requires at least one communication bearer being established involving the respective user equipment, wherein a subset of user equipments of the plurality of user equipments is in idle or inactive mode, wherein the telecommunications network comprises a mobility management entity and a serving gateway entity, wherein the method comprises:receiving, by the serving gateway entity, a plurality of downlink data packets for the subset of user equipments from at least one packet data network, wherein the plurality of downlink data packets comprise payload data for transmission using communication bearers;
assigning, by the telecommunications network, a first traffic priority to a first part of the plurality of downlink data packets and a second traffic priority to a second part of the plurality of downlink data packets, wherein the first traffic priority of the first part of the plurality of downlink data packets is lower than the second traffic priority of the second part of the plurality of downlink data packets;
throttling, by the serving gateway entity, during an overload time interval, first downlink data notification (DDN) requests to the mobility management entity, the first DDN requests being related to the first part of the plurality of downlink data packets; and
transmitting, by the serving gateway entity, during the overload time interval, second DDN requests to the mobility management entity, the second DDN requests being related to the second part of the plurality of downlink data packets;
wherein the method further comprises: detecting, by the serving gateway entity, a first user location of a first user equipment of the subset of user equipments based the first part of the plurality of downlink data packets and a second user location of a second user equipment of the subset of user equipments based on the second part of the plurality of downlink data packets; and
wherein the first traffic priority of the first part of the plurality of downlink data packets is based on the first user location and the second traffic priority of the second part of the plurality of downlink data packets is based on the second user location.

US Pat. No. 10,404,760

PROVIDING NETWORK CONNECTIVITY TO AT LEAST ONE CLIENT DEVICE CONNECTED TO A TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORK VIA AN ACCESS GATEWAY DEVICE AND AN INTERNET PROTOCOL EDGE FUNCTION

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for providing network connectivity to at least one client device, the at least one client device being connected to a telecommunications network via an access gateway device and an internet protocol edge function,wherein in order to provide the network connectivity to the at least one client device, a network connectivity link is provided, the network connectivity link comprising:
a local area network-segment between the at least one client device and the access gateway device, and
a wide area network-segment between the access gateway device and the internet protocol edge function,
wherein the access gateway device comprises a default gateway functionality related to a local area network, the local area network-segment being part of the local area network, wherein the internet protocol edge function comprises at least one local area network extension instance, wherein a further local area network-segment is provided between the local area network extension instance and the access gateway device, the further local area network-segment being likewise part of the local area network,
wherein the method comprises:
connecting the at least one client device to the access gateway device to create the local area network of the access gateway device; and
connecting the access gateway device to the internet protocol edge function.

US Pat. No. 10,154,404

PROVISIONING AN EMBEDDED UNIVERSAL INTEGRATED CIRCUIT ENTITY WITHIN AN ELECTRONIC DEVICE

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for provisioning an embedded universal integrated circuit entity within an electronic device, wherein the embedded universal integrated circuit entity is integrated in the electronic device, wherein a memory area is assigned to the embedded universal integrated circuit entity, wherein the electronic device comprises a microprocessor as well as a radio module, the radio module providing capabilities for physically enabling establishment of a radio link between the electronic device and a mobile communication network, wherein the embedded universal integrated circuit entity is in data communication with the microprocessor, wherein the method comprises the following steps:in a first step, the embedded universal integrated circuit entity is initialized after being activated by the microprocessor;
in a second step, subsequent to the first step, the embedded universal integrated circuit entity transmits secret information to the microprocessor;
in a third step, subsequent to the second step, the secret information is stored in the memory area; and
in a fourth step, subsequent to the third step, an initial communication contact, using the radio link capabilities provided by the radio module, is established between, on the one hand, the electronic device and the embedded universal integrated circuit entity, and, on the other hand, the mobile communication network or a server device, wherein during the initial communication contact, an access number is transmitted, to the electronic device, by either the mobile communication network or the server device;
wherein the access number is assigned, by the mobile communication network, to the embedded universal integrated circuit entity such that the access number is able to be used by the embedded universal integrated circuit entity and the radio module for subsequent communication contacts with the mobile communication network after the initial communication contact;
wherein the secret information is generated by the embedded universal integrated circuit entity subsequent to the first step and prior to the second step.

US Pat. No. 10,356,441

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DETECTING QUALITY DEFECTS IN A VIDEO BITSTREAM

TELEFONAKTIEBOLAGET LM ER...

1. A method for obtaining a quality score for a video sequence, the method comprising:receiving a video bitstream representing the video sequence comprising a plurality of pictures;
determining a measure of quantization parameter (QP) for at least three of the plurality of pictures of the video sequence, wherein the determining the measure of QP for at least the three pictures of the video sequence comprises: determining an average QP for a first picture of the video sequence, determining an average QP for a second picture of the video sequence, and determining an average QP for a third picture of the video sequence;
detecting an abrupt change in the measure of QP, wherein detecting the abrupt change in the measure of QP comprises determining that: a) the average QP for the first picture of the video sequence is greater than the average QP for the second picture of the video sequence by at least a first threshold amount t1 and b) the average QP for the first picture of the video sequence is greater than the average QP for the third picture of the video sequence by at least a second threshold amount t2;
as a result of detecting the abrupt change, setting an intra picture flicker indicator to indicate that intra picture flicker has been detected;
determining a QP range for the video sequence, wherein determining the QP range for the video sequence comprises calculating QPmax?QPmin, wherein QPmax is a maximum QP value for the video sequence and QPmin is a minimum QP value for the video sequence; and
calculating the quality score for the video sequence using the intra picture flicker indicator indicating that intra picture flicker has been identified and the determined QP range.

US Pat. No. 10,349,048

SCENE CHANGE DETECTION FOR PERCEPTUAL QUALITY EVALUATION IN VIDEO SEQUENCES

TELEFONAKTIEBOLAGET LM ER...

1. A method of detecting a scene change in a streamed video, the streamed video comprising a series of pictures, the method comprising:calculating, for a plurality of positions, a difference between the costs of coding macro-blocks at the same position in successive pictures, wherein the successive pictures includes a first picture and a second picture immediately following the first picture in the series of pictures;
summing the calculated differences between the costs of coding macro-blocks at the same position in successive pictures to produce a total difference;
determining that the total difference for a plurality of positions meets a threshold criterion; and
identifying a new scene as a result of determining that the total difference for a plurality of positions meets the threshold criterion,
wherein a new scene is identified when the total difference for a plurality of pixel positions is either higher than a maximum threshold value or lower than a minimum threshold value, and
wherein at least one threshold value is determined by taking a weighted average of differences calculated between a predetermined number of pictures that are immediately preceding the first picture and the second picture, wherein the differences between the pictures that are more recently preceding the first picture and the second picture are given a greater weight.

US Pat. No. 10,349,387

ENHANCED AND/OR ADAPTIVE COMMUNICATION BETWEEN A TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORK AND AT LEAST ONE SECONDARY COMMUNICATION DEVICE VIA OR USING A PRIMARY COMMUNICATION DEVICE

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for communication between a telecommunications network and a secondary communication device via or using a primary communication device,wherein the primary communication device provides a network termination functionality with respect to the telecommunications network, involving a first control plane connection being established between the primary communication device and the telecommunications network such that the primary communication device is directly connected to the telecommunications network, and
wherein the secondary communication device is indirectly connected to the telecommunications network, using a local or short range connection between the secondary communication device and the primary communication device, wherein the local or short range connection between the secondary communication device and the primary communication device includes a radio connection or a wireline connection,
the method comprising:
in a first step, performing a discovery operation regarding the secondary communication device, the discovery operation being initiated either by the primary communication device, by the secondary communication device, or by the telecommunications network; and
in a second step, subsequent to the first step, transmitting control information, being related to the secondary communication device or being related to the result of the discovery operation, between, on the one hand, the telecommunications network, and, on the other hand, the primary communication device and/or the secondary communication device;
wherein a first specific data communication link, the first specific data communication link having a first set of parameters involving one or more first communication bearer(s), is established between the primary communication device and the telecommunications network; and
wherein the method further comprises: in a third step, subsequent to the second step, establishing a second specific data communication link, the second specific data communication link having a second set of parameters involving one or more second communication bearer(s), between the primary communication device and the telecommunications network, as a result of a second control plane connection being established between the secondary communication device and the telecommunications network, or as a result of a connection between the primary communication device and the secondary communication device being used together with the first control plane connection between the primary communication device and the telecommunications network.

US Pat. No. 10,334,490

OVERALL NETWORK PERFORMANCE AND/OR OVERALL QUALITY OF SERVICE OF A MOBILE COMMUNICATION NETWORK BY ASSIGNING A PHYSICAL CELL IDENTIFIER INFORMATION TO A PLURALITY OF RADIO CELLS

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for improving overall network performance and/or overall quality of service of a mobile communication network by assigning physical cell identifier information to a plurality of radio cells, wherein the mobile communication network comprises a core network and an access network, the access network comprising the plurality radio cells, wherein the plurality of radio cells are at least partly overlapping, forming a common radio coverage area, each radio cell of the plurality of radio cells being associated with a respective base station entity of a plurality of base station entities, each radio cell of the plurality of radio cells using a center frequency, and a unique cell global identifier information being assigned to each radio cell of the plurality of radio cells, wherein the method comprises the following steps:in a first step and for each of a plurality of coverage area elements of the common radio coverage area, generating a set of handover likelihood information—regarding possible inter-frequency handover events between at least part of the plurality of radio cells and based on an estimated radio signal quality corresponding to the considered coverage area element—each element of the set of handover likelihood information being indicative of a possibility and/or a likelihood of a handover of the user equipment from at least one possible source radio cell of the plurality of radio cells to at least one possible target radio cell of the plurality of radio cells, the at least one source radio cell and the at least one target radio cell having, respectively, center frequencies in different frequency bands;
in a second step, calculating, based on the elements of the sets of handover likelihood information—among the sets of handover likelihood information associated with the plurality of coverage area elements of the common radio coverage area—related to the at least one source radio cell and the at least one target radio cell, an overlap score value indicative of the overlap between the at least one source radio cell and the at least one target radio cell; and
in a third step, assigning the physical cell identifier information to the at least one source radio cell and/or the at least one target radio cell dependent on the overlap score value;
wherein the set of handover likelihood information, generated with respect to a considered coverage area element of the common radio coverage area, comprises a weighting factor, the weighting factor being dependent on at least one out of the following:
an indication related to the amount or to the density of real time traffic in the coverage area element;
an indication related to the amount or to the density of non-real time traffic in the coverage area element;
an indication related to the digital land usage in the coverage area element;
an indication related to the mobility of the user equipments in the coverage area element;
a vector data set in the coverage area element related to a street and/or a motorway and/or a train line; or
an indication related to the type of the source radio and/or to the type of the target radio cell and/or an indication related to the type of the relationship between the source and target radio cell.

US Pat. No. 10,200,446

METHOD AND SYSTEM TO ESTIMATE USER DESIRED DELAY FOR RESOURCE ALLOCATION FOR MOBILE CLOUD APPLICATIONS

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for user desired delay estimation for mobile-cloud applications, wherein the method comprises:collecting, by a mobile device, data for a mobile application using sensors, an application logger, and/or a user feedback module of the mobile device;
inferring, by the mobile device, a quality of experience based on the collected data;
determining, by the mobile device, a desired delay based on the inferred quality of experience, wherein the desired delay corresponds to an amount of time for completing the offloaded task; and
offloading, by the mobile device, a task to a cloud together with an indication of the desired delay.

US Pat. No. 10,271,335

METHOD FOR ROUTING IN A COMMUNICATION NETWORK, COMMUNICATION NETWORK, PROGRAM AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for routing in a communication network, the communication network including: a) a first network slice, wherein the first network slice comprises multiple first-slice resources; b) a second network slice, wherein the second network slice comprises multiple second-slice resources; and c) a control unit for controlling data flow in the first network slice, in the second network slice and between the first network slice and the second network slice; wherein the method comprises the following steps:in a first step, providing a template data set including a routing cost indication for a first second-slice resource to the control unit; and
in a second step, subsequent to the first step, determining if the routing cost indication of the first second-slice resource complies with a predefined routing requirement of the second network slice, and, if the routing cost indication of the first second-slice resource is found to be non-compliant, determining a first-slice resource and routing network traffic from a second second-slice resource via the first-slice resource to a third second-slice resource.

US Pat. No. 10,555,337

DETECTING DEVICE FOR DETECTING A PHYSICAL QUANTITY

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A detecting device for detecting a physical quantity, comprising:a detector, configured to detect the physical quantity and to output data representing the physical quantity;
a memory, configured to store a communications profile of the detecting device, wherein the communications profile defines a predetermined transmission time for transmission of the data, wherein the predetermined transmission time is assigned to the detecting device;
a timer, configured to provide a time signal, wherein the time signal indicates a time difference between a current time and a predetermined reference time, wherein the timer comprises a time signal receiver configured to provide a time synchronization signal, and wherein the predetermined transmission time for the transmission of the data is based on the time signal; and
a communications interface, configured to transmit the data to a predetermined target network address at the predetermined transmission time via a communications network;
wherein the communications interface is further configured to receive a broadcast signal from a server entity via the communications network, wherein the broadcast signal comprises a further communications profile assigned to the detecting device for modifying the communications profile of the detecting device;
wherein the detecting device is a part of a first group of detecting devices physically spaced apart from a second group of detecting devices, wherein the communications profile of the detecting device is the same as a communications profile for a second detecting device of the second group of detecting devices, and wherein the communications profile of the detecting device is usable by both the detecting device and the second detecting device without collision.

US Pat. No. 10,389,409

COMMUNICATION AND WIRE-FREE ENERGY TRANSMISSION BETWEEN TELECOMMUNICATION TERMINALS

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for communication between at least a first telecommunication terminal and a second telecommunication terminal, the first telecommunication terminal and the second telecommunication terminal each having a wide-area communications interface and a close-range communications interface, the wide-area communications interfaces of the first and second telecommunication terminals being configured for data exchange with a telecommunication network, the close-range communications interfaces of the first and second telecommunication terminals being configured for data exchange between the first and the second telecommunication terminals, the first telecommunication terminal and the second telecommunication terminal each having an energy store for storing electrical energy and each having an energy transmission interface, the energy transmission interfaces of the first and second telecommunication terminals being configured both for transmitting electrical energy to the energy store of the first and/or second telecommunication terminals and for transmitting electrical energy from the energy store of the first and/or second telecommunication terminals, the method comprising:in the event that a charge state of the energy store of the first telecommunication terminal is below a predetermined reference charge state, transmitting a message comprising energy transmission information via the close-range communications interface of the first telecommunication terminal and via the close-range communications interface of the second telecommunication terminal from the first telecommunication terminal to the second telecommunication terminal, the energy transmission information comprising a request to transmit additional energy to the energy store of the first telecommunication terminal; and
increasing the charge state of the energy store of the first telecommunication terminal via the energy transmission interface of the first telecommunication terminal and via the energy transmission interface of the second telecommunication terminal, or transmitting at least one message between the telecommunication network and the second telecommunication terminal, for the first telecommunication terminal, via the wide-area communications interface of the second telecommunication terminal;
wherein the first and second telecommunication terminals are positioned in a predetermined physical arrangement relative to one another as part of a physical arrangement of shipment units.

US Pat. No. 10,284,599

METHOD FOR DETECTING AN ATTACK ON A WORKING ENVIRONMENT CONNECTED TO A COMMUNICATION NETWORK

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for detecting an attack on a work environment connected to a communication network, the method comprising:electronically emulating, by a network security device connected to the communication network, the work environment;
registering, by the network security device, network traffic at the network security device;
comparing, by the network security device, the network traffic registered at the network security device with predefined network traffic; and
triggering, by the network security device, a first attack warning signal in event of a deviation between the network traffic registered at the network security device and the predefined network traffic;
wherein a network connection device is interposed between the work environment and the communication network, and wherein a network monitoring device is connected to the network connection device;
wherein the method further comprises copying network traffic at the network connection device to the network monitoring device; and
wherein the method further comprises:
registering, by the network monitoring device, network traffic at the network connection device;
triggering a second attack warning signal if an anomaly is identified in the network traffic registered at the network connection device; and
generating a warning alert based on the first attack warning signal and the second attack warning signal.

US Pat. No. 10,271,271

DYNAMICALLY INFLUENCING THE CHOICE OF A MOBILE NETWORK OPERATOR PROFILE USED BY A USER EQUIPMENT COMPRISING AN EMBEDDED IDENTITY MODULE

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for dynamically influencing the choice of a mobile network operator profile used by a user equipment connected to a telecommunications network, wherein the user equipment comprises an embedded identity module, wherein a plurality of mobile network operator profiles are able to be used by the user equipment, wherein the plurality of mobile network operator profiles comprises at least a first mobile network operator profile and a second mobile network operator profile, wherein the method comprises the following steps:defining a plurality of trigger events on an estimated future route of the user equipment and determining a switching probability for each trigger event, the switching probability for a trigger event of the plurality of trigger events corresponding to the probability for the user equipment to switch from the first mobile network operator profile to the second mobile network operator profile, wherein the switching probability and the plurality of trigger events depend on at least one switching parameter associated with the user equipment, wherein the switching parameter depends on the user's contextual needs and/or the user's history of network switching; and
transmitting switching-related information to the user equipment based on the plurality of trigger events, the switching-related information comprising information related to either a modification of the first mobile network operator profile or a modification of the second mobile network operator profile, the switching-related information further comprising modified applicable tariffs aimed at either inducing the user equipment to switch from the first mobile network operator profile to the second mobile network operator profile or preventing the user equipment from switching from the first mobile network operator profile to the second mobile network operator profile.

US Pat. No. 10,250,754

NETWORK RESOURCES BROKERING SYSTEM AND ENFORCEMENT FUNCTION NETWORK ENTITY

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. An enforcement function network entity comprising an enforcement function for providing preferential treatment and charging in a communication network, the enforcement function network entity comprising:an input configured to receive a stream of input data from a plurality of bidder function network entities, the stream of input data comprising for each bidder function network entity a bid offer comprising an electronic bid value offered by the respective bidder function network entity; and
a processor configured to process an enforcement function for ranking the bid offers of the plurality of bidder function network entities according to a priority ranking, and determining for each bidder function network entity an amount of electronic bid values consumed during a charging period for satisfying the respective bid offer,
wherein the processor is configured to create a stream of output data comprising for each bidder function network entity the amount of electronic bid values consumed during the charging period.

US Pat. No. 10,244,433

ENHANCED MOBILITY MANAGEMENT WITHIN A MOBILE COMMUNICATION NETWORK

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for enhanced mobility management within a mobile communication network, the mobile communication network comprising an access network having a plurality of radio cells and base station entities, wherein at least one of the base station entities is associated or assigned to each of the radio cells, wherein a plurality of user equipments are associated with the mobile communication network, wherein at least one user equipment of the plurality of user equipments is able to select, as its serving radio cell, at least either a first radio cell of the plurality of radio cells or a second radio cell of the plurality of radio cells, wherein the method comprises:in a first step, generating, by the user equipment, information regarding the first radio cell and the second radio cell, and/or receiving, by the user equipment, information regarding the first radio cell and the second radio cell from the first radio cell and/or the second radio cell; and
in a second step, subsequent to the first step, selecting, by the user equipment, either the first radio cell or the second radio cell, and/or requesting, by the user equipment, on-demand mobility support from the mobile communication network;
wherein the second step is performable by the user equipment both in case that the user equipment is in an idle state and in case that the user equipment is in a connected state;
wherein selecting between the first radio cell and the second cell in the second step is based on:
radio capabilities of the user equipment regarding usable frequency bands, usable modulation schemes, usable multiple input multiple output (MIMO) and/or multipath techniques;
radio capabilities of the potentially selectable radio cells regarding usable frequency bands, usable modulation schemes, usable multiple input multiple output (MIMO) and/or multipath techniques;
cell resource utilization information comprising information about which part of the resources in terms of usable uplink and/or downlink radio transmission bandwidth and/or radio transmission resource blocks is currently already occupied or in tendency likely to be occupied;
whether the user equipment is an internet-of-things device (IoT device), a mobile broadband device (MBB device), a voice centric device and/or a data centric device;
subscription information regarding services the user equipment is allowed to access, bit rates and/or quality-of-service (QoS) levels the user equipment is allowed to use;
history information regarding communication services requested by the user equipment in the past and/or prior communication behavior of the user equipment;
whether the user equipment is currently Radio Resource Control (RRC) connected;
whether the user equipment is currently packet data network (PDN) connected;
characteristics of an active PDN connection in terms of service class; and/or
whether the user equipment is currently transmitting data to the mobile communication network and/or receiving data from the mobile communication network.

US Pat. No. 10,231,109

HANDLING OF EMERGENCY CALLS IN A ROAMING SCENARIO

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for improved handling of emergency calls in a roaming scenario, wherein a user equipment is assigned to a home telecommunications network and wherein the user equipment is connected to a visited telecommunications network, wherein a proxy functionality of the home telecommunications network is used in the roaming scenario, wherein a voice call is initiated by the user equipment using a specific emergency call telephone number, wherein the specific emergency call telephone number is a valid emergency call telephone number in the visited telecommunications network, wherein the user equipment initially handles the voice call as a normal voice call, wherein the method comprises:in a first step, transmitting, by the user equipment so as to initiate the voice call, a first message directed via the visited telecommunications network to a network node of the home telecommunications network, the first message comprising the specific emergency call telephone number;
in a second step, subsequent to the first step, receiving, by the telephone number detecting network node of the visited telecommunications network, the first message, detecting, by the telephone number detecting network node, the specific emergency call telephone number, and transmitting, by the telephone number detecting network node to the network node of the home telecommunications network, a second message comprising an emergency call information, the emergency call information being indicative of the use of a valid emergency call telephone number in relation of the voice call; and
in a third step, subsequent to the second step, a third message is generated by the node of the home telecommunications network, the third message being directed to the user equipment, wherein the third message is transmitted to a network node of the visited telecommunications network, and forwarded, as a fourth message, to the user equipment, the third and fourth messages comprising an indication, to the user equipment, to trigger an emergency call procedure in accordance to the configuration of the visited telecommunications network via a fifth message.

US Pat. No. 10,542,542

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR COMMUNICATION USING A PLURALITY OF CELLS IN A WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A base station for cell configuration in a mobile communication system supporting carrier aggregation (CA), the base station comprising:a transceiver configured to transmit and receive signals; and
at least one processor configured to:
control transmitting configuration information for configuring a first cell allocated with a first component carrier (CC) to a terminal,
transmit configuration information for adding a second cell allocated with a second CC to the terminal, and
communicate with the terminal via the first CC of the first cell and the second CC of the second cell,
wherein sectors of the first cell, each allocated with the same first CC, are set to a same physical cell identifier (PCID) and sectors of the second cell, each allocated with the same second CC, are set to PCIDs that are different from the same PCID set for the sectors of the first cell, and
wherein the PCIDs set for the sectors of the second cell are different from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,440,766

PROVIDING COMMUNICATION SERVICES TO A PLURALITY OF USER EQUIPMENTS OF A TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORK

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for providing communication services to a plurality of user equipments of a telecommunications network,wherein the telecommunications network provides a first type of data transmission service to a first user equipment of the plurality of user equipments using a first communication bearer established between the telecommunications network and the first user equipment,
wherein the telecommunications network provides a second type of data transmission service to a second user equipment of the plurality of user equipments using a first communication bearer established between the telecommunications network and the second user equipment,
wherein the second type of data transmission service is limited by:
a predefined maximum data transmission speed, and/or
a predefined payload data transfer volume for a predetermined time interval, wherein up to the predefined payload data transfer volume for the predetermined time interval, the second type of data transmission service is limited by the predefined maximum data transmission speed, and after the predefined payload data transfer volume for the predetermined interval is exceeded, the second type of data transmission service is limited by a reduced maximum data transmission speed until an end of the predetermined time interval,
wherein the first type of data transmission service is not subject to the data transmission speed limit of the second type of data transmission service and/or not subject to the payload data transfer volume limit of the second type of data transmission service,
wherein the method comprises:
establishing and/or activating a second communication bearer between the telecommunications network and the first user equipment in response to the first user equipment detecting network performance of the telecommunications network above a predefined first network performance threshold or receiving information indicating network performance above the predefined first network performance threshold;
wherein network performance being above the predefined first network performance threshold corresponds to the telecommunications network having sufficient spare capacity to provide the first user equipment with enhanced data transmission speed by providing the second communication bearer between the telecommunications network and the first user equipment.

US Pat. No. 10,420,048

RADIO NETWORK SYNCHRONIZATION OF A MOBILE COMMUNICATION NETWORK WITH A LOCAL CLOCK FUNCTIONALITY PROVIDING A LOCAL TIMING REFERENCE FOR EACH BASE STATION ENTITY

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for radio network synchronization of a mobile communication network, wherein the mobile communication network comprises a plurality of base station entities and at least one user equipment connected to the mobile communication network, wherein each of the plurality of base station entities comprises a local clock functionality providing a local timing reference for the respective base station entity, wherein in order for a first base station entity among the plurality of base station entities to obtain an indication about the timing reference of a second base station entity among the plurality of base station entities, a handover procedure is triggered—by the first base station entity and for a user equipment—from the first base station entity to the second base station entity, wherein the method comprises the followings steps:in a first step, the first base station entity is the serving base station entity for the user equipment and requests the user equipment to execute a handover towards the second base station entity;
in a second step, during the handover procedure of the user equipment towards the second base station entity, timing information is transmitted from the second base station entity—via the user equipment—to the first base station entity, wherein the timing information is indicative of the local timing reference of the second base station entity; and
in a third step, subsequent to the second step, the timing information is used by the first base station entity to adjust the local timing reference of the first base station entity.

US Pat. No. 10,341,925

PROVIDING COMMUNICATION SERVICES OF A MOBILE COMMUNICATION NETWORK TO A PLURALITY OF TELECOMMUNICATION DEVICES

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for providing communication services of a particular mobile communication network to a plurality of telecommunication devices, the method comprising:establishing a connection or initiating an exchange of data between the particular mobile communication network and the plurality of telecommunication devices; and
prior to or upon establishing the connection or initiating the exchange of data, sending service capability information from the particular mobile communication network to one or more telecommunication devices of the plurality of telecommunication devices;
wherein the particular mobile communication network comprises an access network and a core network, the access network comprising a plurality of radio cells of the particular mobile communication network;
wherein the particular mobile communication network is configured to offer a plurality of available service capabilities corresponding to the particular mobile communication network to the one or more telecommunication devices, including:
the particular mobile communication network offering varying degrees of mobility functionality for selection;
the particular mobile communication network offering different quality of service levels for selection;
the particular mobile communication network offering different levels of security measures for selection; and
the particular mobile communication network offering a varying degree of identity handling for selection;
wherein the service capability information indicates at least part of the available service capabilities offered by the particular mobile communication network to the one or more telecommunication devices; and
wherein the method further comprises: after sending the service capability information to the one or more telecommunication devices, receiving, from a telecommunication device of the one or more telecommunication devices, a selection corresponding to at least one offered available service capability;
wherein the service capability information is sent in a first situation of the particular mobile communication network, and wherein the method further comprises: subsequent to sending the service capability information, sending further service capability information from the particular mobile communication network to the one or more telecommunication devices in a second situation of the particular mobile communication network, wherein the further service capability information, relative to the service capability information, indicates different available service capabilities offered by the particular mobile communication network or different charging information related to the available service capabilities.

US Pat. No. 10,306,461

PROVISION OF SUBSCRIBER PROFILE TO A MME IN CASE OF ROAMING

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for providing roaming services for a roaming user equipment within a visited mobile communication network, the visited mobile communication network comprising a core network and an access network, the access network comprising at least one radio cell being served by a base station entity, wherein a home mobile communication network is a home public land mobile network of the roaming user equipment, wherein the core network comprises a serving core network node and a home subscriber server functionality node of the visited mobile communication network, wherein the serving core network node provides mobility management functionality regarding the base station entity and the roaming user equipment, wherein the home mobile communication network comprises a further core network, the further core network comprising a home subscriber server functionality node of the home mobile communication network, the home subscriber server functionality node of the home mobile communication network being configured to provide subscription profile data regarding the roaming user equipment, wherein the method comprises:upon attachment of the roaming user equipment with the visited mobile communication network,
in a first step, the serving core network node requests, from the home subscriber server functionality node of the visited mobile communication network and via a first request message, subscription profile data regarding the roaming user equipment,
in a second step, subsequent to the first step, the home subscriber server functionality node of the visited mobile communication network requests, from the home subscriber server functionality node of the home mobile communication network and via a second request message, subscription profile data regarding the roaming user equipment,
in a third step, subsequent to the second step, the home subscriber server functionality node of the visited mobile communication network receives, via a first response message, first subscription profile data regarding the roaming user equipment from the home subscriber server functionality node of the home mobile communication network, and
in a fourth step, subsequent to the third step, the home subscriber server functionality node of the visited mobile communication network transmits, via a second response message, second subscription profile data to the serving core network node, the second subscription profile data corresponding at least in part to the first subscription profile data;
wherein the serving core network node further provides mobility management functionality for a non-roaming user equipment attached to the visited mobile communication network; and
wherein the home subscriber server functionality node of the visited mobile communication network provides, upon request by the serving core network node, non-roaming subscription profile data regarding the non-roaming user equipment to the serving core network node.

US Pat. No. 10,292,028

ENHANCED MACHINE TYPE COMMUNICATION BETWEEN MOBILE COMMUNICATION NETWORK AND GROUP OF MACHINE TYPE COMMUNICATION DEVICES

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for enhanced machine type communication between a mobile communication network, on the one hand, and a group of machine type communication devices, on the other hand, wherein a plurality of subscribers are related to the mobile communication network, the method comprising:providing, by at least one network node of the mobile communication network, a Home Location Register functionality and/or a Home Subscriber Server functionality for the plurality of subscribers,
wherein a subscriber identifier is related to each of the plurality of subscribers of the mobile communication network such that the identifier content of the subscriber identifier is different for different subscribers related to the mobile communication network,
wherein the group of machine type communication devices is related to the same subscriber related to the mobile communication network, and
wherein the group of machine type communication devices comprises a maximum number of machine type communication devices, the maximum number of machine type communication devices being dependent on a predefined access duration and a predefined access frequency of the group of machine type communication devices such that, in case that a machine type communication device of the group of machine type communication devices accesses the mobile communication network, a likelihood of a collision with another machine type communication device of the same group of machine type communication devices also accessing the mobile communication network is equal to or lower than 10%.

US Pat. No. 10,530,644

TECHNIQUES FOR ESTABLISHING A COMMUNICATION CONNECTION BETWEEN TWO NETWORK ENTITIES VIA DIFFERENT NETWORK FLOWS

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for establishing a communication connection between a first network entity and a second network entity via at least two different network flows, the method comprising:transmitting a first request, by the first network entity, directed to the second network entity via a first network flow;
transmitting at least one second request, by the first network entity, directed to the second network entity via at least one second network flow, wherein the at least one second request is transmitted by the first network entity before the first network entity receives a reply to the first request from the second network entity; and
establishing the communication connection between the first network entity and the second network entity based on at least one of the first request or the at least one second request;
wherein the method further comprises:
enabling data communication, by the first network entity, responsive to a decision based on reception of the reply to the first request from the second network entity and/or reception of at least one reply to the at least one second request from the second network entity;
transmitting a first acknowledgement, by the first network entity, directed to the second network entity via the first network flow;
transmitting at least one second acknowledgement, by the first network entity, directed to the second network entity via the at least one second network flow; and
configuring, by the second network entity, a respective network flow of the first network flow and the at least one second network flow via which a respective acknowledgement of the first acknowledgement and the at least one second acknowledgement is first received by the second network entity as a primary network flow.

US Pat. No. 10,489,524

SYNTHETIC DATA GENERATION METHOD

Deutsche Telekom AG, Bon...

1. A method for generating synthetic data records, related to states of users of a telecommunication network, which include datasets that capture state-based transitions, comprising the steps of:a) randomly selecting state transition family, according to a distribution of samples between different clusters of users;
b) randomly sampling context variables according to their distribution within a chosen cluster;
c) selecting relevant Markov Chains models according to a sampled context;
d) randomly selecting an initial state of a sequence according to a distribution of states;
e) initializing a random walk process on graph models and performing said random walk process on each context separately, assuming context independency;
f) modeling said telecommunication network by discovering patterns that reflect relationships between state transitions;using a data synthesis module which is configured to combine multiple types of datasets and to generate synthetic data records that are jointly correlated, based on the discovered patterns, to provide services to said users, based on the generated synthetic data records;wherein the synthetic data records are generated from a first dataset type that captures user tracking traces of state-based transitions between a set of variables in the telecommunication network and from a second dataset type that captures cause-effect conditions between a set of variables in the telecommunication network associated with a network event.

US Pat. No. 10,469,320

VERSIONING SYSTEM FOR NETWORK STATES IN A SOFTWARE-DEFINED NETWORK

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A versioning system for network state of a network, comprising:a server, configured to execute a versioning controller, the versioning controller being configured to communicate with a plurality of data plane devices of the network and to track flow states of the plurality of data plane devices, wherein the tracking includes storing a plurality of network states in a local non-transitory memory corresponding to the server, wherein the plurality of network states stored in the local non-transitory memory include a current authoritative network state and a plurality of previous network states each corresponding to a modification of a flow within the network; and
the plurality of data plane devices, configured to notify the server of flow modifications made by respective data plane devices and to receive the current authoritative network state from the server;
wherein the versioning controller is further configured to, in the event of a conflict arising due to a suggested flow modification, replay and merge flow modifications based on tracked flow states of the plurality of data plane devices to provide conflict resolution and update the current authoritative network state, wherein replaying and merging the flow modifications further comprises:
building a set of flow spaces, including overlapping and non-overlapping flow spaces, for a first flow modification and an existing rule;
accepting a non-overlapping flow space;
determining a set relation between an overlapping flow space and the existing rule; and
processing the overlapping flow space according to the determined set relation.

US Pat. No. 10,412,667

METHOD FOR ESTABLISHING A ROAMING CONNECTION

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method to establish a roaming connection of a communication terminal of a foreign communication network in a visited communication network, the foreign communication network and the visited communication network each comprising multiple sub-networks, wherein an identification entity is assigned in each sub-network of the visited communication network for identification of a communication terminal, wherein a sub-network identifier is assigned to each sub-network of the respective communication network, and wherein, in the visited communication network, there is a network management entity which manages assignment of sub-networks to communication devices, the method comprising:receiving, by a first identification entity of a first sub-network of the visited communication network, a roaming connection request from the communication terminal of the foreign communication network, the roaming connection request having an identifier of the communication terminal of the foreign communication network;
identifying, by the first identification entity, the communication terminal of the foreign communication network based on the identifier of the communication terminal of the foreign communication network;
receiving, by the first identification entity, a foreign sub-network identifier of a foreign sub-network of the foreign communication network;
verifying, by the network management entity or the first identification entity, based on the foreign sub-network identifier, whether a respective sub-network of the visited communication network corresponds to the foreign sub-network; and
sending, by the first identification entity or the network management entity, a configuration request for a configuration of the foreign sub-network to the foreign communication network in response to no respective sub-network of the visited communication network corresponding to the foreign sub-network.

US Pat. No. 10,356,603

PROFILE SERVER FOR PROVIDING A COMMUNICATION PROFILE FOR COMMUNICATION VIA A COMMUNICATION NETWORK

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A profile server for providing a communication profile for communication via a communication network, wherein the communication profile is assigned to a subscriber identity module, the profile server comprising:a database, configured to store a plurality of subscriptions comprising a plurality of identifications, wherein a respective identification is assigned to each subscription, and wherein each subscription comprises subscription data for generating a communication profile;
a communication interface, configured to receive an identification from the subscriber identity module; and
a processor, configured to call up a subscription from the database, wherein the subscription is assigned to the received identification, to extract subscription data from the called up subscription, and to generate the communication profile based on the extracted subscription data;
wherein the communication interface is further configured to send the generated communication profile to the subscriber identity module in order to provide the communication profile for communication via the communication network;
wherein the communication interface is further configured to receive a provision signal from a network entity, wherein the received provision signal comprises a subscription comprising an identification, wherein the subscription is assigned to the identification, and wherein the communication interface is further configured to extract the subscription comprising the identification from the received provision signal and to store the extracted subscription comprising the extracted identification in the database.

US Pat. No. 10,356,693

NETWORK RESOURCES BROKERING SYSTEM AND BROKERING ENTITY

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A network resources brokering system, comprising:a communication network comprising at least one network resource; and
a brokering entity, configured to receive requests from a plurality of network entities for accessing the at least one network resource within a charging period, each request comprising an electronic bid value competing with other network entities for accessing the at least one network resource,
wherein the brokering entity is configured to select a network entity from the plurality of network entities, the selected network entity being associated with a bid value fulfilling a selection rule, and to grant the selected network entity access to the at least one network resource within the charging period,
wherein a length of the charging period is aligned with a length of an aggregation period for providing operational statistics of the communication network,
wherein the charging period is synchronized to start and stop at the same time as the aggregation period for operational statistics, and
wherein the brokering entity is configured to create a feedback loop by exploiting the synchronization between the charging period and the aggregation period, wherein the feedback loop utilizes the operational statistics and other statistics gathered periodically within the charging period to measure an availability of low latency access.

US Pat. No. 10,320,538

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR COORDINATED RADIO RESOURCE ASSIGNMENT

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for coordinated scheduling with transmission point blanking of a plurality of radio resources, wherein a network comprises at least two base stations, each of the at least two base stations being connectable to at least one mobile station, the method comprising the steps of:a) calculating, by a coordinator, a first metric value for each combination of a mobile station of the network and each of the plurality of radio resources under the assumption that the at least two base stations are active;
b) calculating, by the coordinator, a second metric value for each combination of a mobile station of the network and each of the plurality of radio resources under the assumption that at least one of the at least two base stations which is not connected to the respective mobile station using a concerned radio resource is muted;
c) selecting, by the coordinator, the highest metric value from the calculated metric values;
d) determining, by the coordinator, whether or not to assign the radio resource to the mobile station corresponding to the highest metric value;
e) setting, by the coordinator, the other metric values corresponding to the radio resource to a predefined metric value;
f) repeating steps c) to e) for the next highest metric value until all metric values are set to the predefined metric value; and
g) coordinating, by the coordinator, transmissions of the at least two base stations to respective mobile stations using the determined assignments of radio resources.

US Pat. No. 10,469,454

DIGITAL IDENTITY

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

10. A method for providing a user with access to different services of at least one service provider in a network considering privacy and security via a user-related unique digital identifier (D-ID), the system providing a D-ID agent running at least partly on a terminal device of the user, the method comprising:generating, by the D-ID agent, the D-ID, at least one pseudonym for the user, and a user-defined and pseudonym-specific number of secrets;
computing, by the D-ID agent, using the user-defined and pseudonym-specific number of secrets and a cryptographic hash function, a root value of a pseudonym-specific Merkle-tree having the secrets as leafs of the pseudonym-specific Merkle-tree;
transmitting, by the D-ID agent, the at least one pseudonym and the root value, both encrypted, to a D-ID middleware, wherein the D-ID middleware is provided as middleware between the user and the at least one service provider with respect to a verification of the D-ID of the user;
receiving and maintaining, by the D-ID middleware, the D-ID of the user, a Merkle-tree root element for each pseudonym of the at least one pseudonym for the user, and a trust level for each Merkle-tree root element, wherein the Merkle-tree root element for a respective pseudonym comprises the respective pseudonym and a corresponding root value;
revealing, by the D-ID agent to the at least one service provider, a secret of the user-defined and pseudonym-specific number of secrets and a corresponding authentication path as derived from the pseudonym-specific Merkle-tree for accessing a desired service by the user and in response to the user selecting a pseudonym of the at least one pseudonym;
forwarding, by the at least one service provider, the selected pseudonym to the D-ID middleware in order to receive a root value and a trust level corresponding to the selected pseudonym;
computing, by the at least one service provider, based on the secret and the corresponding authentication path, a computed root value;
verifying, by the at least one service provider, if the computed root value matches the root value corresponding to the selected pseudonym, so as to verify that the user is the owner of the selected pseudonym; and
if the user is verified as the owner of the selected pseudonym, allowing the user to access the desired service in the case that the trust level corresponding to the selected pseudonym satisfies a trust level required by the at least one service provider.

US Pat. No. 10,461,960

PROVIDING ENHANCED AND/OR SUPPLEMENTARY NETWORK CONNECTIVITY TO AT LEAST ONE CLIENT DEVICE THAT IS CONNECTED TO A TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORK USING A CUSTOMER PREMISES EQUIPMENT DEVICE

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

9. A method for providing enhanced and/or supplementary network connectivity to at least one client device being connected to a telecommunications network using a customer premises equipment device, wherein the method comprises:connecting a supplementary access gateway device to the customer premises equipment device, the customer premises equipment device being configured to provide—by using a first interface of the customer premises equipment device towards a first access network of the telecommunications network—network connectivity, using the first access network, between the telecommunications network and the at least one client device;
wherein the supplementary access gateway device is configured to be connected to a second access network via a supplementary access device and a first interface of the supplementary access gateway device, wherein the second access network is an access network of either the telecommunications network or of a further telecommunications network;
wherein the method further comprises:
providing enhanced and/or supplementary network connectivity to the at least one client device using the second access network and the first interface of the supplementary access gateway device, the enhanced and/or supplementary network connectivity being provided to the at least one client device instead of or in addition to the network connectivity provided using the first access network and the customer premises equipment device; and
connecting the supplementary access gateway device to the at least one client device.

US Pat. No. 10,225,755

NON-INTRUSIVE LINK MONITORING

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for monitoring utilization of a first connection in a mobile network, comprising:establishing an independent second connection, wherein the second connection is assigned a lower priority than the first connection and competes with the first connection for resources in the mobile network;
sending test data having a low data volume via the second connection; and
determining whether or not the first connection is fully utilized based on whether or not the test data is received via the second connection, wherein complete reception of the test data via the second connection indicates that the first connection is not fully utilized.

US Pat. No. 10,531,273

HANDLING OF IMS SERVICES IN A ROAMING SCENARIO OF A USER EQUIPMENT

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for handling Internet Protocol (IP) Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) services in a roaming scenario of a user equipment, wherein the user equipment is assigned to a home mobile communication network, and wherein the user equipment is connected to a visited mobile communication network, wherein the method comprises:relating the user equipment to at least one specific first network node of a plurality of first network nodes of the visited mobile communication network in order to provide IMS services to the user equipment while the user equipment is roaming in the visited mobile communication network, wherein the at least one specific first network node has a configuration provided by the home mobile communication network; and
providing the IMS services to the user equipment while the user equipment is roaming in the visited mobile communication network, wherein providing the IMS services to the user equipment while the user equipment is roaming in the visited mobile communication network comprises: communicating, by the at least one specific first network node, with a second network node of the home mobile communication network;
wherein the at least one specific first network node comprises the functionality of at least one out of the following network nodes:
a Proxy Call Session Control Function (P-CSCF) network node;
a Session Border Controller (SBC) network node;
a Visited Policy and charging rules function (V-PCRF), or
an Interconnection Border Control Function (IBCF).

US Pat. No. 10,492,144

COMMUNICATION SYSTEM COMPRISING MANAGEMENT ENTITY WITH CALLBACK FUNCTIONALITY

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A communication system, comprising:a communication terminal configured to be ready to communicate within a predetermined time interval;
a management entity coupled with the communication terminal, wherein the predetermined time interval is stored in the management entity; and
a communication entity coupled with the management entity, wherein the communication entity is configured to transmit a connection request for requesting establishment of a communication link to the communication terminal to the management entity at a first time;
wherein the management entity is configured to use a callback function to provide the communication entity with information of (i) a time at which the communication terminal is ready for communication, (ii) a discontinuous reception (DRX) cycle of the communication terminal, and (iii) an exact time of a paging event for paging the communication terminal;
wherein using the callback function to inform the communication entity of the time at which the communication terminal is ready for communication comprises: checking, responsive to the connection request, whether the first time falls within the predetermined time interval, and responsive to determining that the first time does not fall within the predetermined time interval, transmitting, to the communication entity, information about the time at which the communication terminal is ready for communication.

US Pat. No. 10,382,931

METHOD FOR IMPROVED HANDLING OF EMERGENCY CALLS IN A ROAMING SCENARIO, TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORK, PROGRAM AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for handling emergency calls in a roaming scenario, wherein the method comprises:transmitting, by a user equipment connected to a visited telecommunications network, to a network node of a home telecommunications network to which the user equipment is assigned, a first message comprising a telephone number so as to initiate a voice call, wherein the telephone number is a valid emergency call telephone number of the visited telecommunications network but the user equipment does not recognize the telephone number of the first message as an emergency call telephone number;
initially handling, by the user equipment, the voice call as a normal non-emergency voice call;
receiving, by the user equipment, from the home telecommunications network, a second message comprising an indication to the user equipment to trigger an emergency call procedure in accordance with the configuration of the visited telecommunications network via a third message, wherein the second message is generated by the home telecommunications network in response to the home telecommunications network detecting that the telephone number of the first message is a valid emergency call telephone number of the visited telecommunications network based on emergency service information received by the network node of the home telecommunications network from a network node of the visited telecommunications network via an IP transportation tunnel; and
in response to the second message received from the home telecommunications network, triggering, by the user equipment, via the third message, the emergency call procedure in accordance with the configuration of the visited telecommunications network.

US Pat. No. 10,531,411

IMPROVING OR ENABLING RADIO COVERAGE FOR A USER EQUIPMENT WITH RESPECT TO A MOBILE COMMUNICATION NETWORK

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for improving or enabling radio coverage for a user equipment with respect to a mobile communication network, wherein the mobile communication network comprises a core network and an access network, wherein the access network of the mobile communication network comprises a base station entity, wherein the user equipment is enabled to use a device to device communication mode (D2D mode), wherein a relay user equipment is also enabled to use a D2D mode, wherein the base station entity transmits a timing information related to a master timing schedule relevant for any user equipment being served by the base station entity, wherein the base station entity furthermore transmits an indication related to a default discovery time interval, the default discovery time interval being usable for discovery signals exchanged between user equipments using the D2D mode, wherein the relay user equipment is connected to the base station entity, and wherein the user equipment at a first point in time was connected to the base station entity or to another base station entity of the access network of the mobile communication network, and, at a second, subsequent point in time, is out of direct radio coverage of the base station entity,wherein the method comprises:
receiving, by the relay user equipment in a first step, a first discovery signal from the user equipment while the user equipment is out of direct radio coverage of the base station entity, wherein the first discovery signal comprises a time limitation with respect to the default discovery time interval; and
applying, by the relay user equipment in a second step subsequent to the first step and in response to reception of the first discovery signal from the user equipment, reception capabilities during an enlarged reception time interval relative to the default discovery time interval, the enlarged reception time interval comprising and exceeding the default discovery time interval in time, wherein the enlarged reception time interval is subject to the time limitation of the first discovery signal;
wherein the time limitation of the first discovery signal corresponds to avoiding a first part and a second part of the default discovery time interval, the first part of the default discovery time interval including the beginning of the default discovery time interval and the second part of the default discovery time interval including the end of the default discovery time interval.

US Pat. No. 10,484,933

NETWORK ENTITY FOR MANAGING COMMUNICATIONS TOWARDS A USER ENTITY OVER A COMMUNICATION NETWORK

Deutsche Telekom AG, Bon...

1. A network entity for managing communications towards a user entity over a communication network, the network entity having:an access domain selector, collocated to the network entity, for determining an access domain of the user entity upon a basis of user entity specific data;
wherein an access domain selector implemented on a hardware processor;
a storage collocated to the network entity; and
an IP Multimedia Subsystem application server, collocated to the network entity and separate from the access domain selector, for providing the user entity specific data, configured to
transmit a request, via an Sh interface according to the IP Multimedia Subsystem, for the user entity specific data towards a home subscriber server;
receive the user entity specific data from the home subscriber server upon transmitting the request; and
store the user entity specific data in the storage,
wherein the access domain selector is further configured to
retrieve the user entity specific data upon receiving a session initiation protocol request, the session initiation request requesting to establish a communication link towards the access domain serving the user entity for an incoming session;
refer to the storage of the application server to obtain the user entity specific data; and
when the user entity specific data is unavailable from the storage, query the user entity specific data from the home subscriber server;
wherein the application server is an IP Multimedia Subsystem multimedia telephony service application server;
wherein the access domain selector is an IP Multimedia Subsystem access domain selector configured as a service centralization and continuity application server; and
wherein the user entity specific data comprises:
repository data according to the IP Multimedia Subsystem technology,
a network identifier, wherein the network identifier is a visitor location register number,
voice support information indicating whether the access domain supports a voice service within a packet-switched access domain,
information relating to a communication status of the user entity, the communication status indicating whether the user entity is in a busy status, an idle status, a non-available status, or a non-network registered status,
type information indicating a type of the access domain, the type of the access domain indicating a packet-switched access domain or a circuit-switched access domain, and
a user entity identifier, wherein the user entity identifier is an International Mobile Subscriber Identity.

US Pat. No. 10,360,073

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MOBILE AUGMENTED REALITY TASK SCHEDULING

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A system for scheduling mobile augmented reality (MAR) tasks, the system comprising:a mobile device, comprising a central processing unit (CPU) and a graphics processing unit (GPU);
a Network Profiling Component, configured to gather network related context data;
a Device Profiling Component, configured to gather hardware related context data;
an Application Profiling Component, configured to gather application related context data through source code analysis; and
a Scheduling Component, configured to receive the network related context data, the hardware related context data, and the application related context data, and to schedule MAR tasks between the CPU, the GPU and a cloud-based workspace based on the network related context data, the hardware related context data, and the application related context data;
wherein the Application Profiling Component is further configured to:
find applications which are dependent on specific hardware of the mobile device, wherein dependent tasks are not allowed to be offloaded to the cloud-based workspace; and
determine software constraints for task offloading, wherein the software constraints include constraints relating to migration mechanism requirements, wherein the constraints relating to migration mechanism requirements allow migration of directly serializable methods and do not allow, in the absence of automatic synchronization between the mobile device and the cloud-based workspace, migration of methods which are convertible to be serializable methods.

US Pat. No. 10,566,836

CONTROL OF ELECTRICAL POWER USAGE

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

16. A non-transitory computer-readable medium having processor-executable instructions stored thereon for controlling electrical power usage by at least one power consuming device connected—via a telecommunications network—to at least one electrical power component, wherein an electrical power transmission component is configured to transmit electrical power between the at least one electrical power component and the at least one power consuming device, wherein the at least one electrical power component is associated with an expected electrical power supply profile and a current electrical power supply profile, and wherein an electrical power management entity is coupled—via the telecommunications network—to the at least one power consuming device, wherein the processor-executable instructions, when executed, facilitate performance of the following:obtaining, by the electrical power management entity, electrical power request information, wherein the electrical power request information is related to both a user interaction and the at least one power consuming device;
obtaining, by the electrical power management entity, electrical power consumption profile information, wherein the electrical power consumption profile information is related to the at least one power consuming device; and
transmitting, by the electrical power management entity, electrical power control information to the at least one power consuming device based on the obtained electrical power consumption profile information and the obtained electrical power request information to control consumption of electrical power by the at least one power consuming device so as to balance a current aggregate supply and demand of electrical power and to minimize volatility.

US Pat. No. 10,531,271

IMPROVING DEVICE TO DEVICE COMMUNICATION

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for device to device discovery between a first user equipment and a second user equipment, the method comprising:receiving, by the first user equipment, as part of first control data transmitted from a base station entity of a mobile communication network to the first user equipment using a first frequency or frequency band, first discovery resource configuration information and second discovery resource configuration information from the base station, wherein the first discovery resource configuration information indicates first air interface resources usable for discovery purposes involving the first user equipment, wherein the first air interface resources are part of the first frequency or frequency band or are contiguous to the first frequency or frequency band, and wherein the second discovery resource configuration information indicates second air interface resources, different from the first air interface resources, usable for discovery purposes involving the second user equipment, wherein the second air interface resources are part of a second frequency or frequency band or are contiguous to the second frequency or frequency band, wherein the second frequency or frequency band is different from the first frequency or frequency band and is used for transmission of second control data by the base station entity or another base station entity to the second user equipment; and
subsequently performing, by the first user equipment using the second discovery resource configuration information, a discovery procedure towards the second user equipment by using the second air interface resources;
wherein a system information block (SIB) is used for transmission of the second discovery resource configuration information;
wherein the second discovery resource configuration information indicates the second air interface resources with a relative time offset to a system frame number (SFN); and
wherein the SIB includes a resource allocation and a parameter which describes the resource allocation at a point in time to which the relative time offset to the SFN relates.

US Pat. No. 10,372,940

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR THE PSEUDONYMIZATION OF DIGITAL DATA

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for pseudonymizing digital data records for transmission from a source computing system to a destination computing system, the method comprising:receiving, by a client component of an identity protector system, person-specific data from a source computing system provided with a source identifier, wherein the person-specific data comprises unique identifiers corresponding to a person;
generating, by the client component of the identity protector system, a pre-pseudonym (PI) based on the unique identifiers and a protected hash function;
sending, by the client component of the identity protector system, the PI with the source identifier to the source computing system;
erasing, by the client component of the identity protector system, the person-specific data from the client component of the identity protector system;
receiving, by a master component of the identity protector system, the PI with the source identifier from the source computing system;
generating, by the master component of the identity protector system, a pseudonym (PPI) based on the PI and the source ID, wherein generating the PPI is performed in response to a request for possible re-identification for a data record corresponding to the source identifier from the destination computing system; and
transmitting, by the master component of the identity protector system, the PPI to the destination computing system; and
storing, at a trusted database component of the identity protector system, an assignment of the PPI to the PI and the source ID to facilitate re-identification for the data record corresponding to the source identifier.

US Pat. No. 10,356,236

CONTROLLING COMMUNICATION BETWEEN A BUILDING-EXTERNAL COMMUNICATION SERVER AND A BUILDING-INTERNAL COMMUNICATION ENTITY

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A system, comprising:a building-external communication network, comprising a building-external communication server;
a building-internal communication network, comprising a building-internal communication device; and
an access portal device, configured to control communication between the building-external communication server and the building-internal communication device;
wherein the access portal device comprises:
a first memory located in the access portal device for storing authentication data for initiating a communication connection between the access portal device and the building-external communication server;
a first communication interface with the building-external communication server for establishing communication with the building-external communication server using the stored authentication data, wherein the first communication interface is configured to monitor the communication connection between the access portal device and the building-external communication server and, in the event of a fault in the communication connection between the access portal device and the building-external communication server, to generate a fault message; and
a second communication interface with the building-internal communication device for communicating with the building-internal communication device, wherein the second communication interface is configured to send the stored authentication data from the first memory of the access portal device to a second memory located in the building-internal communication device in response to the fault message to initiate a communication connection between the building-internal communication device and the building-external communication server;
wherein the access portal device and the building-internal communication device are separate devices;
wherein the building-internal communication device comprises a controllable sensor for detecting temperature data;
wherein the first memory of the access portal device is further configured for storing a software container comprising instructions for putting the building into a sleep mode in response to temperature data detected by the controllable sensor indicating that a temperature has fallen below a threshold value, wherein the first memory of the access portal device being configured for storing the software container is based on a selection of the access portal device as being an optimal device out of a plurality of devices for storage of the software container by the building-internal communication network; and
wherein the access portal device is configured, in the event of a fault in the communication connection between the access portal device and the building-external communication server, to relay the software container to another device of the plurality of devices for the other device to take over control tasks relating to the sleep mode of the building.

US Pat. No. 10,560,863

METHOD OF OPERATING CELLULAR MOBILE RADIO NETWORK

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method of acquiring parameters reflecting the supply quality of a cellular mobile radio network having at least one mobile radio terminal that is a conventional subscriber terminal of a user of the mobile radio network and a base station, the method comprising the steps of:the mobile radio terminal
receiving a control message from the base station for configuration of the mobile radio terminal to acquire parameters when entering a predefined area, wherein in the control message at least the parameters are specified and the acquisition area is defined,
determining the current position of the mobile radio terminal,
determining the parameters when the mobile radio terminal has reached the area within the mobile radio network, and
sending the parameters to the base station in a report message.

US Pat. No. 10,652,940

COMMUNICATION BETWEEN NETWORK NODES OF A MOBILE COMMUNICATION NETWORK

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for communication between network nodes of a mobile communication network, wherein the method comprises:transmitting information related to configuration information from a first base station entity to a second base station entity via a specific network node of the mobile communication network, wherein the first and second base station entities support the capability to establish a direct communication interface between the first and second base station entities but the first and second base station entities do not have a direct communication interface between the first and second base station entities, wherein the transmitting further comprises:
transmitting, by the first base station, a first message to the specific network node of the mobile communication network using a first indirect communication interface between the first base station entity and the specific network node; and
transmitting, by the specific network node, a second message to the second base station entity using a second indirect communication interface between the second base station entity and the specific network node;
wherein the first and second base station entities using the first and second indirect communication interfaces instead of establishing a direct communication interface between the first and second base station entities is due to:
one or more direct communication interfaces between the first base station entity and one or more other base stations being prioritized over a direct communication interface between the first and second base station entities; and/or
one or more direct communication interfaces between the second base station entity and one or more other base stations being prioritized over a direct communication interface between the first and second base station entities; and
wherein prioritization for a direct communication interface between two respective base station entities is based on frequency of handover events between the two respective base station entities, with lower frequency corresponding to lower prioritization;
wherein the method further comprises:
sending, by the first base station to the second base station via the first and second indirect communication interfaces, a first usage report comprising information regarding remaining direct communication interfaces connected to the first base station; and/or
sending, by the second base station to the first base station via the first and second indirect communication interfaces, a second usage report comprising information regarding remaining direct communication interfaces connected to the second base station.

US Pat. No. 10,609,669

DEVICES AND METHODS FOR OPERATING A COMMUNICATION NETWORK

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method for operating a communication network having a base station, the method comprising:associating, by a management entity, the base station with a first slice of the communication network and operation of the first slice of the communication network, wherein the base station is configured to communicate with a first set of communication terminals during operation of the first slice;
associating, by the management entity, the base station with a second slice of the communication network and operation of the second slice of the communication network, wherein the base station is configured to communicate with a second set of communication terminals, different from the first set of communication terminals, during operation of the second slice; and
switching, by the management entity, the base station from operation of the first slice to operation of the second slice based on:
a user-defined time at which the base station is not used; or
no data being downloaded from or uploaded to the Internet via the base station during for a predefined period of time.

US Pat. No. 10,694,380

SUBSCRIBER IDENTITY ELEMENT FOR AUTHENTICATING A COMMUNICATION DEVICE TO A COMMUNICATION NETWORK

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A subscriber identity element for authenticating a communication device to a communication network, wherein the communication network comprises a subnetwork having a profile server, wherein the subscriber identity element comprises:a memory in which an initialization profile of the subscriber identity element) is stored, wherein the initialization profile indicates a subnetwork identifier of the subnetwork; and
a communication interface, configured to establish a communication link to the profile server using the subnetwork identifier and to retrieve a subscriber profile from the profile server via the communication link.

US Pat. No. 10,637,671

SUBSCRIBER IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A subscriber identification system for identifying a subscriber in a communications network, wherein the subscriber is assigned a subscriber ID and a cryptographic key, the system comprising:a first circuit module in which at least the subscriber ID is stored, wherein the first circuit module comprises a first communications interface configured to receive a request signal for the subscriber ID and to transmit the subscriber ID in response to receiving the request signal; and
a second circuit module in which at least the cryptographic key is stored, wherein the second circuit module comprises a second communications interface configured to receive an input parameter, wherein the second circuit module is configured to link the input parameter with the cryptographic key to obtain an output parameter, and wherein the second communications interface is configured to transmit the output parameter;
wherein the first circuit module is arranged on a first integrated circuit, the second circuit module is arranged on a second integrated circuit, and the first and second integrated circuits are separate integrated circuits; and
wherein the first circuit module corresponds to an insecure environment, and wherein the second circuit module corresponds to a secure environment comprising a secure cryptoprocessor.

US Pat. No. 10,581,750

NETWORK ACCESS ENTITY FOR PROVIDING ACCESS TO A COMMUNICATION NETWORK

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A network access entity for providing access to a communication network for a user equipment and a home gateway, the home gateway being connected to the network access entity via a first communication link, the user equipment being connected to the network access entity via a second communication link and being connected to the home gateway via a third communication link, the first communication link and the third communication link forming a composite communication link, the network access entity comprising:a network interface configured to receive:
a first status signal indicating a link quality of the first communication link;
a second status signal indicating a link quality of the second communication link; and
a third status signal indicating a link quality of the composite communication link; and
a processor configured to distribute data of a data stream towards the user equipment via the first communication link and via the second communication link;
wherein the processor is further configured to, based on at least one of the first status signal or the second status signal indicating a higher link quality than a link quality that is indicated by the third status signal, determine a reduction of an amount of data of the data stream communicated over the first communication link and an increase of an amount of data of the data stream communicated over the second communication link.

US Pat. No. 10,749,744

ENHANCED PERFORMANCE OF A TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORK COMPRISING AT LEAST ONE GROUP OF POOLED MOBILITY MANAGEMENT ENTITIES

DEUTSCHE TELEKOM AG, Bon...

1. A method, comprising at least one of the following steps:a first step comprising:
receiving, by a first mobility management entity (MME) of a group of pooled MMEs of a telecommunications network, update configuration data,
wherein the group of pooled MMEs comprises the first MME and a second MME,
wherein the first MME comprises first configuration data and the second MME comprises second configuration data;
updating, by the first MME, the first configuration data based on the update configuration data;
transmitting, by the first MME, the update configuration data or at least part of the updated first configuration data to the second MME; and
updating, by the second MME, the second configuration data based on the update configuration data or the at least part of the updated first configuration data;
a second step comprising,
upon the second MME being restarted and/or updated and/or added to the group of pooled MMEs, receiving, by the second MME, startup configuration data from the first MME,
wherein the startup configuration data is part of the first configuration data or part of the updated first configuration data of the first MME.