1. An anode for alkaline water electrolysis comprising:a conductive substrate having at least a surface that comprises nickel or a nickel-based alloy; and
an electrode catalyst layer formed on the surface of the conductive substrate,
wherein the electrode catalyst layer has a layered structure comprising a first catalyst layer and a second catalyst layer, wherein
the first catalyst layer comprises: a first catalyst component comprising a lanthanide-nickel-cobalt perovskite oxide represented by a structural formula XNiaCo1-aO3, wherein X represents at least one lanthanide selected from the group consisting of lanthanum, cerium, and praseodymium, and a satisfies 0
the second catalyst layer comprises: a second catalyst component comprising at least one material selected from the group consisting of iridium oxide and ruthenium oxide, and
the first catalyst layer is formed on the surface of the conductive substrate, and the second catalyst layer is formed on a surface of the first catalyst layer.