US Pat. No. 10,299,412

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR COOLING COMPUTING DEVICES WITHIN A FACILITY

Core Scientific, Inc., B...

1. A system for cooling computing devices within a facility, the facility having an interior space that includes a supply air space and an exhaust air space, the supply air space being configured to supply outside air to the computing devices to cool the computing devices during operation of said computing devices, and the exhaust air space being configured to exhaust heated air from the computing devices to the external environment, the system comprising:a first air inlet that is coupled with an exterior wall of the facility and that is configured to deliver outside air to the supply air space from the external environment;
a second air inlet that is coupled with the exterior wall of the facility and that is configured to supply outside air to the supply air space from the external environment;
an exhaust air damper that is configured to exhaust the heated air from the exhaust air space to the external environment;
a plurality of computing devices that are arranged within the interior space so as to be positioned between the supply air space and the exhaust air space, wherein substantially each of the computing devices include a fan that is capable of moving the outside air across one or more heat generating components of the computing device to cool the heat generating components;
an air filter assembly that is positioned between the supply air space and the computing devices, the air filter assembly being configured to filter the outside air that is supplied to the computing devices from the air supply space;
a mixing damper that is positioned within the interior space of the facility between the supply air space and the exhaust air space, the mixing damper being operable to control an amount of exhaust air that is supplied from the exhaust air space to the supply air space for mixing with the outside air supplied through the first air inlet; and
a mixing shaft that is positioned downstream of the first air inlet and mixing damper so that the outside air and the exhaust air are delivered to the mixing shaft and flow through the mixing shaft, the mixing shaft including a plurality of elongate members that project into the mixing shaft to create turbulent airflow to promote mixing of the outside air and the exhaust air as the outside air and the exhaust air flow through the mixing shaft;wherein airflow through the system is driven entirely by the combined airflow of a plurality of the fans of the computing devices; andwherein the second air inlet is positioned vertically below the first air inlet and includes a damper that is operable to control an amount of outside air that flows through the second air inlet to the supply air space.
US Pat. No. 10,184,011

HEMOSTATIC DEVICES WITH IMPROVED PROPERTIES AND METHODS OF MAKING SAME

Core Scientific Creations...

1. A hemostatic device, comprising:non-oxidized, non-regenerated sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (Na-CMC) having a level of carboxymethyl group substitution of about 0.88; wherein:
the non-oxidized, non-regenerated Na-CMC forms a hemodynamic gel when it contacts blood, wherein the Na-CMC is formed by a process comprising:
an alkali treatment comprising exposing non-oxidized, non-regenerated cellulose to a sodium hydroxide solution at a first temperature;
forming an acid solution comprising chloroacetic acid;
forming a saturated solution comprising the alkali-treated non-oxidized, non-regenerated cellulose, the sodium hydroxide solution, and the acid solution, wherein the saturated solution comprises sedimentary salt, and has a water to ethanol ratio up to about 22%;
dissolving the sedimentary salt by mixing the saturated solution at a second temperature of about 40° C. to about 60° C. for about four hours to about seven hours to form a solution for etherification, wherein the second temperature is higher than the first temperature; and
forming the non-oxidized, non-regenerated Na-CMC in the saturated solution for about two to about twenty four hours at a temperature of about 40° C. to about 60° C., the saturated solution having a water to ethanol ratio up to about 22%.

US Pat. No. 10,694,642

COMPUTING DEVICE COOLING FACILITY INCLUDING A MIXING CHAMBER

Core Scientific, Inc., B...

1. A system for cooling computing devices, comprising:a facility having an interior space that includes a supply air space and an exhaust air space, the supply air space configured to receive outside air from an external environment of the facility, the exhaust air space configured to exhaust heated air to the external environment;
an air inlet coupled to an exterior wall of the facility and configured to deliver outside air to the supply air space from the external environment;
an exhaust air outlet configured to exhaust the heated air from the exhaust air space to the external environment;
a plurality of computing devices arranged within a computing space of the supply air space fluidically connecting the supply air space and the exhaust air space, wherein at least some of the plurality of computing devices include at least one fan of a plurality of computing device fans that, when operable, draw the outside air from the external environment into the supply air space through the air inlet, move the outside air from the supply air space across one or more heat generating components of the plurality of computing devices to cool the one or more heat generating components, exhaust the outside air into the exhaust air space as heated air, and push the heated air within the exhaust air space into the external environment through the exhaust air outlet;
the interior space further including a mixing chamber in which a temperature of the outside air is adjusted via mixing, the mixing chamber disposed downstream of the air inlet and upstream of the plurality of computing devices;
wherein the mixing chamber is at least partially defined between the exterior wall of the facility and an interior wall at least partially separating the mixing chamber and the computing space;
wherein the plurality of computing device fans are configured to provide sufficient airflow of the outside air through the system to cool the plurality of computing devices;
wherein an overall airflow through the system is driven by the plurality of computing device fans and an average temperature of the system is maintained within a desired temperature range by the overall airflow through the system;
wherein the facility is a multi-story facility including a plurality of levels:
wherein the computing space includes a main portion, a first computing floor portion, and a second computing floor portion disposed above the first computing floor portion;
wherein the mixing chamber is in fluid communication with the main portion of the computing space via an air filter: and
wherein the main portion of the computing space is in fluid communication with the first computing floor portion and the second computing floor portion via at least one second air filter.

US Pat. No. 10,701,835

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR COOLING COMPUTING DEVICES WITHIN A FACILITY

Core Scientific, Inc., B...

1. A system for cooling computing devices, comprising:a facility having an interior space that includes a supply air space and an exhaust air space, the supply air space configured to receive outside air from an external environment of the facility, the exhaust air space configured to exhaust heated air to the external environment;
an air inlet coupled to an exterior wall of the facility and configured to deliver outside air to the supply air space from the external environment;
an exhaust air outlet configured to exhaust the heated air from the exhaust air space to the external environment;
a plurality of computing devices arranged within the interior space fluidically connecting the supply air space and the exhaust air space, wherein at least some of the plurality of computing devices include at least one fan of a plurality of computing device fans that, when operable, draw outside air from the external environment into the supply air space through the air inlet, move the outside air from the supply air space across one or more heat generating components of the plurality of computing devices to cool the one or more heat generating components, exhaust the outside air into the exhaust air space as heated air, and push the heated air within the exhaust air space into the external environment through the exhaust air outlet;wherein the plurality of computing device fans are configured to provide sufficient airflow of the outside air through the system to cool the plurality of computing devices;wherein the plurality of computing device fans are further configured to drive an overall airflow through the system at an air speed of approximately 300 to 600 feet per minute;
wherein an average temperature of the system is maintained within a desired temperature range by the overall airflow through the system;
wherein a mixing damper is arranged within the interior space of the facility between the supply air space and the exhaust air space, the mixing damper adjustably operable to control an amount of heated air supplied from the exhaust air space to the supply air space and selectively operable to mix air from both the supply air space and the exhaust air space;
wherein the interior space further includes a hot air space disposed vertically above the plurality of computing devices, the hot air space in fluid communication with the exhaust air space such that heated air is flowable from the exhaust air space to the hot air space;
wherein an interior end of the hot air space includes a vertically oriented partition structured and arranged between the hot air space and the exhaust air space to minimize formation of vortices in the hot air space; and
wherein the mixing damper is arranged at an end of the hot air space disposed opposite the partition and adjacent to the external wall of the facility.

US Pat. No. 10,701,836

SYSTEM FOR COOLING COMPUTING DEVICES OF A PLURALITY OF FACILITIES

Core Scientific, Inc., B...

1. A system for cooling computing devices, comprising a plurality of facilities arranged adjacent to one another and oriented such that common prevailing winds of an external environment of the plurality of facilities flow along respective longitudinal sides of the plurality of facilities, each facility of the plurality of facilities including:an interior space including a supply air space and an exhaust air space, the supply air space configured to receive outside air from an external environment of the respective facility, the exhaust air space configured to exhaust heated air to the external environment;
an air inlet coupled to an exterior wall of the respective facility and configured to deliver outside air to the supply air space from the external environment;
an exhaust air outlet configured to exhaust the heated air from the exhaust air space to the external environment, the exhaust air outlet arranged and oriented such that the heated air is blown away from the air inlet of neighboring facilities of the plurality of facilities;
a plurality of computing devices arranged within the interior space fluidically connecting the supply air space and the exhaust air space, wherein at least some of the plurality of computing devices include at least one fan of a plurality of computing device fans that, when operable, move the outside air from the supply air space across one or more heat generating components of the plurality of computing devices to cool the one or more heat generating components and exhaust the outside air into the exhaust air space as heated air;
wherein the plurality of computing device fans are configured to provide sufficient airflow of the outside air through the respective facility to cool the plurality of computing devices disposed therein;
wherein an overall airflow through the respective facility is driven by the plurality of computing device fans;
wherein an average temperature of the respective facility is maintained within a desired temperature range by the overall airflow through the respective facility; and
wherein the exhaust air outlet of each respective facility is arranged and oriented away from the air inlet of the respective facility to substantially prevent the exhausted heated air from mixing with the outside air of the external environment drawn into the supply air space of the respective facility through the air inlet.

US Pat. No. 10,701,837

SYSTEM FOR PASSIVELY COOLING COMPUTING DEVICES

Core Scientific, Inc., B...

1. A system for cooling computing devices, comprising:a facility having an interior space that includes a supply air space and an exhaust air space, the supply air space configured to receive outside air from an external environment of the facility, the exhaust air space configured to exhaust heated air to the external environment;
an air inlet coupled to an exterior wall of the facility and configured to deliver outside air to the supply air space from the external environment;
a plurality of computing devices arranged within a computing space of the supply air space fluidically connecting the computing space and the exhaust air space, wherein at least some of the plurality of computing devices include at least one fan of a plurality of computing device fans that, when operable, draw the outside air from the external environment into the supply air space, move the outside air from the supply air space across one or more heat generating components of the plurality of computing devices to cool the one or more heat generating components, flow the outside air into the exhaust air space as heated air, and exhaust the heated air from the exhaust air space to the external environment;
an air filter disposed between at least a portion of the supply air space and the plurality of computing devices, the air filter configured to filter particulate from the outside air supplied to the plurality of computing devices from the supply air space, and further configured to provide a pressure differential between the air inlet and the plurality of computing devices based on a cross-sectional area of the air filter;
wherein the plurality of computing device fans are configured to provide sufficient airflow of the outside air through the system to cool the plurality of computing devices;
wherein an overall airflow through the system is driven by the plurality of computing device fans;wherein an average temperature of the system is maintained within a desired temperature range by the overall airflow through the system;wherein a mixing chamber, in which a temperature of the outside air is adjustable via mixing, is disposed upstream of the plurality of computing devices and is in fluidical communication with the plurality of computing devices;
wherein a second air inlet is coupled with the exterior wall of the facility and is configured to supply outside air to the supply air space from the external environment;
wherein the second air inlet is positioned vertically below the air inlet and includes a damper configured to control an amount of outside air that flows through the second air inlet to the supply air space; andwherein the air inlet and the second air inlet each supply outside air from the external environment directly into the mixing chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,691,528

AUTOMATIC REPAIR OF COMPUTING DEVICES IN A DATA CENTER

Core Scientific, Inc., B...

1. A management device for managing a plurality of computing devices in a data center, wherein the management device comprises:a network interface for communicating with the plurality of computing devices,
a first module that sends a first health status query for a selected one of the computing devices,
a second module configured to receive and process any responses to the first health status query, and
a third module configured to create support tickets,
wherein the second module is configured to, in response to not receiving an acceptable response to the first health status query within a first predetermined time:
(a) send a first repair instruction to the selected computing device,
(b) wait at least enough time for the first repair instruction to complete,
(c) cause the first module to send a second health status query to the selected computing device; and
(d) in response to not receiving an acceptable response to the second health status query within a second predetermined time:
(i) cause the first module to send a second repair instruction to the selected computing device,
(ii) wait at least enough time for the second repair instruction to complete,
(iii) send a third health status query to the selected computing device; and
(iv) in response to not receiving an acceptable response to the third health status query, cause the third module to create a support ticket identifying the second computing device and the second computing device's health status.