US Pat. No. 9,370,985

PISTON WITH CRUSH FINS

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An air spring for an air suspension system comprising:
a piston assembly and a damper assembly;
a plurality of crush ribs spaced apart from one another located within an internal cavity defined by the piston assembly and
extending in an axial direction;

a striker cap located proximate to a first end of the damper assembly;
wherein there is a first interference fit between the damper assembly and the striker cap and wherein there is a second interference
fit between the striker cap and the crush fins such that the piston assembly and the damper assembly are rotationally fixed
relative to one another;

a damper snap ring located at a second end of the damper assembly;
an o-ring to seal the piston and the damper assembly; and
a support ring at a second end of the piston assembly to retain the o-ring.

US Pat. No. 9,248,708

LOCALIZATION WITH SYNCHRONIZED EMISSIONS FOR COUPLED WHEELS

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method of configuring a controller to detect a location of a tire pressure monitoring sensor comprising:
configuring a controller to detect a first transmission from a first sensor installed within a first wheel;
configuring the controller to detect a second transmission from a second sensor installed within a second wheel coupled to
the first wheel;

configuring the controller to recognize that the first wheel and the second wheel are comprised in a wheel assembly, the recognizing
comprising detecting that the first wheel and the second wheel rotate at a common speed;

configuring the controller to correlate a first angular wheel assembly position with one of the first and second transmissions
and a second angular wheel assembly position with the other of the first and second transmissions, wherein the correlating
comprises correlating a tire pressure monitoring sensor identification tag with a respective one of first and second angular
wheel positions at a time of receipt of a respective one of the first and second transmissions; and

configuring the controller to determine the location of each of the first and second sensors relative to the wheel assembly
based on a comparison between the first angular wheel assembly position, the second angular wheel assembly position, and a
predetermined relative angular relationship between the first sensor and the second sensor, wherein the determining of the
location of each of the first and second sensors relative to the wheel assembly comprises determining which of the first and
second sensors is a lead sensor and upon determining the lead sensor determining the location of at least one sensor other
than the lead sensor relative to a vehicle and the wheel assembly based at least in part on the sequence of receipt of a transmission
from at least one sensor other than the lead sensor with respect to receipt of a transmissions from the lead sensor, a relative
angular position of the at least one sensor other than the lead sensor with respect to the lead sensor, and direction of rotation
of the wheel assembly.

US Pat. No. 9,421,839

HIGH ACCURACY LOAD DETECTION FOR AIR SUSPENSION SYSTEMS

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An air suspension system comprising:
four air spring corner assemblies, wherein one air spring corner assembly is located at a suspension position corresponding
to each of the wheel corners for the vehicle;

an air supply unit including an ECU fluidly connected to the air spring corner assemblies, wherein the air supply unit is
configured to adjust the air spring corner assemblies independently from one another based at least partially based on a vehicle
load;

a first pressure sensor located at a valve block of the air supply unit and in communication with the ECU, where the pressure
signal from the first pressure sensor is used by the ECU to determine the vehicle load; and

a second pressure sensor proximate to at least one air spring and in communication with the ECU to detect air pressure and
wherein the ECU is configured to adjust the determined vehicle load based on a pressure signal from the second pressure sensor.

US Pat. No. 9,374,899

GOLD PAD MINI PCB MODULE

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A printed circuit board (PCB) assembly, comprising:
a first printed circuit board having a first insulating substrate that includes first circuit traces formed of copper on the
first insulating substrate;

a second printed circuit board having a second insulating substrate, separate from the first insulating substrate, second
circuit traces formed of nickel/gold plated copper are on the second insulating substrate, and the second insulating substrate
includes terminations that are soldered to the first circuit traces; and

an electrical component constructed and arranged to contact the second circuit traces.

US Pat. No. 9,086,863

OPTIMALLY SORTING A LIST OF ELEMENTS BASED ON THEIR SINGLETONS

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method for sorting a list of elements, the elements being adapted for use in improving recognition accuracy of a speech-recognition
system through at least one of supervised adaptation and unsupervised adaptation, the method comprising:
providing a non-optimized list of elements, with some of the elements having multiple terms,
generating, by a processor circuit, a table of sub-elements from the elements list, with each sub-element having one term
only and with a number of times a sub-element appears in the elements list being weighted in the sub-elements table,

generating, by the processor circuit, a weighted singleton histogram table using a singleton dictionary, and computing a total
popularity score of each singleton from the sub-elements table,

for each element from the elements list, generating by the processor circuit, an elements score based on the total popularity
score of each singleton within the element, and

generating, by the processor circuit, an optimally sorted list of the elements list based on the elements scores.

US Pat. No. 9,453,782

DETECTION OF AIR-FUEL RATIO RICH-LEAN IMBALANCE USING AN OXYGEN SENSOR

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method for detecting air-fuel ratio rich-lean imbalance in an automotive engine cylinder, the method comprising:
receiving an oxygen sensor voltage of an oxygen sensor;
filtering the oxygen sensor voltage to create a filtered oxygen sensor voltage;
determining an engine speed and an engine load;
determining an air-fuel ratio imbalance detection threshold, based on the engine speed and the engine load; and
determining a rich-lean imbalance status, the rich-lean imbalance status being non-normal if any portion of the filtered oxygen
sensor voltage exceeds the air-fuel ratio imbalance detection threshold, the rich-lean imbalance status being normal if none
of the filtered oxygen sensor voltage exceeds the air-fuel ratio imbalance detection threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,452,720

TELEMATICS MASTER OF POWER

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method of controlling power consumption from a battery in a vehicle having an engine and a plurality of electrically-powered
devices, the method comprising:
detecting a vehicle off state;
monitoring electric power consumption of devices while the vehicle is in the off state;
monitoring usable amp-hours remaining in the battery and determining how long the battery can provide power to battery power-consuming
devices, before the vehicle will not be able to be started using the battery;

wirelessly transmitting a power consumption notification message;
selectively powering off at least one of the devices according to a power-down instruction message received at the vehicle
through a telematics communications device;

powering off at least one of the devices according to a default ordering, if a power-down instruction message is not received
at the vehicle prior to expiration of a default power-down sequence time out value, the default ordering comprising an ordering
of battery power-consuming devices to be powered down responsive to an expected power requirement of the battery to start
the vehicle engine at a future date, the expected power requirement to start the vehicle engine at the future date being determined
by at least one of a plurality of conditions that comprise: ambient temperature, battery age, elapsed time of the vehicle
in the off state and, a history of the power required from the battery to start the vehicle's engine; and

wherein the power consumption notification message specifies how long the battery can continue to provide power to the battery
power-consuming devices before the vehicle will not be able to be started and wherein the power down instruction received
at the vehicle specifies devices to be powered off.

US Pat. No. 9,497,724

ENHANCEMENT FOR POWER DOWN SEQUENCE

Continental Automotive Sy...

11. An apparatus comprising:
a wireless communications device;
a processor coupled to the wireless communications device and controlling the wireless communications device;
a memory device coupled to the processor and containing program instructions, which, when executed, cause the wireless communications
device to:

receive a power-up command in response to the vehicle's ignition being turned on;
register the wireless communications device with a wireless communications network;
determine whether a flag is set, wherein the flag being set indicates that the wireless communications device has not received
an acknowledgement in response to a power down message that the wireless communications device previously sent to the network;

when the flag is determined to be set, initiate a network access request to the network to notify the network that the wireless
communications device is available prior to entering a normal operating mode;

when the flag is determined to not be set, entering the normal operating mode without initiating the network access request.

US Pat. No. 9,497,868

ELECTRONICS ENCLOSURE

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An electronics housing assembly comprising:
an electronics housing defining an internal cavity, the electronics housing having an outer side, the electronics housing
having portions defining a vent hole therein, the vent hole extending through the outer side;

a sealing element disposed adjacent to the electronics housing and contacting the outer side, the sealing element covering
the vent hole, wherein the sealing element has a first side that is disposed adjacent to and contacting the outer side of
the electronics housing, the first side having an adhesive material disposed thereon, the adhesive material affixing the sealing
element to the electronics housing;

a label disposed adjacent to and contacting the outer side of the electronics housing, the sealing element defining a second
side disposed opposite the first side, the label disposed adjacent to and contacting the second side, the label at least substantially
covering the second side of the sealing element; and

the adhesive material being a first adhesive material, the electronics housing assembly further comprising a second adhesive
material disposed on an underside of the label, the second adhesive material affixing the label to the sealing element and
the outer side of the electronics housing.

US Pat. No. 9,472,870

BATTERY SENSOR CLAMP ASSEMBLY

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A clamp assembly for securing a battery sensor to a vehicle battery comprising:
a surround portion defining an aperture for at least partially surrounding a battery post for the vehicle battery;
a pair of clamping arms extending from opposing ends of the surround portion and in generally the same direction as one another;
a tab extending from one of the clamp arms toward the other of the clamp arms, wherein the tab defines a first through hole;
a wedge having a base and a pair of wings extending from the base to define a generally U-shaped cross-section, wherein a
width of the base of the wedge is less than a width at distal ends of the wings, wherein each of the wings defines a plane
generally parallel to a plane defined by one of the clamping arms, and wherein the base of the wedge defines a second through
hole;

a fastener wherein the wedge is fitted over the clamping arms and the fastener is threaded through the first and the second
through holes; and

a nut threaded on the fastener to force the wedge over the clamp arms such that the width at the base of the wedge forces
the clamp arms toward one another.

US Pat. No. 9,102,208

AIR SUSPENSION SYSTEM WITH LOAD DETECTION

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method of controlling a suspension system for a vehicle comprising:
determining a first filter vehicle height based upon a signal from at least one sensor located at a rear axle of the vehicle
at a first time;

determining a second filter vehicle height based upon a signal from the at least one sensor located at the rear axle of the
vehicle at a second time;

comparing the difference between the first filter signal and the second filter signal to a forklift threshold; and
placing the suspension system in forklift mode when the difference between the first filter signal and the second filter signal
exceeds the forklift threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,453,486

GAS DIRECT INJECTOR WITH REDUCED LEAKAGE

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An injector having an inlet and an outlet for injecting gaseous fuels into an internal combustion engine, the injector
comprising:
an armature tube having passage structure and having a distal end spaced from the outlet, the passage structure communicating
with the inlet,

a movable, magnetic armature coupled to the armature tube to define a first valve,
a stator spaced from the armature in a closed position of the injector, thereby defining a working air gap between the stator
and the armature,

an electromagnetic coil associated with the stator and the armature,
a first seat associated with the distal end of the armature tube,
a first spring constructed and arranged, when the coil is not activated, to bias the armature tube so that the distal end
engages the first seat to close the passage structure and limit leakage of the gaseous fuel from the outlet,

a valve body having an interior portion and a second seat at the outlet,
a second valve movable in the interior portion of the valve body, and
a second spring constructed and arranged, when the coil is not activated, to bias the second valve so that a seating surface
thereof engages the second seat to close the outlet,

wherein the first and second valves and the first and second springs are constructed and arranged such that when the coil
is activated causing the armature and thus the armature tube to move with respect to the stator so that the distal end of
the armature tube disengages from the first seat opening the passage structure and causing gaseous fuel to pass the first
seat, pressure of the gaseous fuel causes the second valve to move against the bias of the second spring so that the seating
surface disengages from the second seat to cause the gaseous fuel to exit the outlet, wherein the distal end of the armature
tube includes an elastomer member constructed and arranged to engage the first seat in a sealing manner.

US Pat. No. 9,554,476

COMPLIANT STAPLE PIN FOR CONNECTING MULTIPLE PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARDS

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method of mechanically connecting first and second circuit boards to each other and which also electrically connects
electrical components on the first circuit board to electrical components on the second circuit board, the method comprising:
forming a first through hole adjacent to a first edge of the first circuit board, the first through hole comprising a first
metal cylinder that is electrically connected to electrical components on the first circuit board;

forming a second through hole adjacent to a second edge of the second circuit board, the first edge being adjacent, spaced
apart from, and substantially parallel to the second edge, the second through hole comprising a second metal cylinder that
is electrically connected to electrical components on the second circuit board;

inserting a first leg of a substantially U-shaped metal pin into the first through hole, by applying a downward force to an
upper surface of a first shoulder, which is a localized enlargement of a cross-sectional size of the first leg, the cross-sectional
size of the first leg being oriented perpendicularly to a length of the first leg, such that the first leg electrically contacts
the first metal cylinder; and

inserting a second leg of the substantially U-shaped metal pin into the second through hole, by applying a downward force
to an upper surface of a second shoulder, which is a localized enlargement of a cross-sectional size of the second leg, the
cross-sectional size of the second leg being oriented perpendicularly to a length of the second leg, such that the second
leg electrically contacts the second metal cylinder.

US Pat. No. 9,472,102

ADAPTIVE EMERGENCY BRAKE AND STEER ASSIST SYSTEMS BASED ON DRIVER FOCUS

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An automotive vehicle comprising:
a driver analyzer communicatively coupled to a controller;
a driver assistance system communicatively coupled to the controller; andthe controller including a non-transitory storage medium storing instructions for causing the controller to determine a level
of attentiveness of a driver of the automotive vehicle and to adapt a response of the driver assistance system in response
to the determined level of attentiveness and in response to at least one condition external to the vehicle, the condition
external to the vehicle being an environmental condition affecting at least one of a last point to brake and a last point
to steer, and wherein adapting the response of the driver assistance system includes loading one of a plurality of collision
avoidance charts including at least a last point to brake data entry and a last point to steer data entry, each of said collision
avoidance charts being distinct and corresponding to at least one environmental condition.

US Pat. No. 9,453,488

DIRECT INJECTION SOLENOID INJECTOR OPENING TIME DETECTION

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method for detecting an injector solenoid fully open time comprising:
detecting a slope inflection in a derivative of a current draw of the injector solenoid during a data collection period using
a slope inflection detection filter and a slope discriminator filter, thereby detecting a fully open time of a direct injector
solenoid.

US Pat. No. 9,348,002

DLA ROTOR FLUX DENSITY SCAN METHOD AND TOOL

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method for measuring the magnetic flux and run out of a surface, comprising the steps of:
providing a rotor;
providing a magnet connected to and circumscribing the rotor, the magnet having an outer surface;
providing a plot having the magnet flux density of the magnet, and the run out of the magnet;
providing a first section of the outer surface;
providing a second section of the outer surface;
providing the first section to be a first central median bisecting plane located on the outer surface of the magnet;
providing the second section to be a second central median bisecting plane located on the outer surface of the magnet, such
that the second section is different from the first section;

providing a non-contact measurement sensor for measuring the run out on the first section of the outer surface of the magnet,
and for measuring the run out on the second section of the outer surface of the magnet;

providing a gauss probe for measuring the magnet flux density generated in proximity to the first section of the outer surface
of the magnet, and for measuring the magnet flux density generated in the second section of the outer surface of the magnet;

measuring the run out using the non-contact measurement sensor as the gauss probe simultaneously measures the flux density
as the rotor is rotated in the fixture, such that measurements of both the run out and the flux density are viewable on the
plot, and the non-contact measurement sensor measures the run out at the first section on the outer surface, and the second
section on the outer surface, and the gauss probe measures flux density on the first section of the outer surface, and the
second section on the outer surface; and

plotting the run out and the magnet flux density are together on the plot to correlate the measurements of the run out and
the magnet flux density.

US Pat. No. 9,049,602

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR DETECTING A CLONED BASE STATION

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method of detecting a cloned base station by a communication device, the method comprising:
obtaining a data structure from a wireless communications service provider, the data structure containing information that
identifies valid base stations, the data structure comprising base station validation information for known valid base stations;

establishing communications with a first base station and obtaining first base station validation information from said first
base station;

comparing the first base station validation information to validation information stored in the data structure and determining
whether the first base station is valid based upon the comparing;

when the comparing indicates that the first base station is not valid, initiating a warning to a user;
scanning for a presence of a neighboring second base station identified in the data structure and when a signal strength level
of the second base station is below a predetermined threshold level, determining that said second base station is not valid;
and

when the second base station is determined to be not valid, initiating a warning to a user.

US Pat. No. 9,431,013

CO-TALKER NULLING FOR AUTOMATIC SPEECH RECOGNITION SYSTEMS

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. In a vehicle having a driver and a passenger and first and second microphones, both microphones being capable of detecting
sounds from both the passenger and driver, a method for selectively detecting sounds from the driver and suppressing sounds
from the passenger, the method comprising:
selectively detecting at the first microphone, a first sample of a sound from the driver, the first sample of the sound from
the driver comprising a first frequency component, the first sample of the sound from the driver being a sample of the first
frequency component at a first phase angle;

selectively detecting at the second microphone, which is spatially separated from the first microphone by a distance of at
least twelve inches, a second sample of the sound from the driver, the second sample of the sound from the driver also comprising
the first frequency component, said second sample being a sample of the first frequency component having a second and different
phase angle;

storing the first sample of the sound from the driver for a first predetermined length of time to provide a delayed first
sample of the sound from the driver, the first predetermined length of time selected such that the phase angles of the delayed
first sample of the sound from the driver and of the second sample of the sound from the driver are made to be substantially
equal to each other;

combining the delayed first sample and the second sample of the sound from the driver to provide a first constructive interference;
selectively detecting at the first microphone, a first sample of a sound from the passenger, the first sample of the sound
from the passenger comprising a second frequency component, the first sample of the sound from the passenger being a sample
of the second frequency component at a third phase angle;

selectively detecting at the second microphone, a second sample of the sound from the passenger, the second sample of the
sound from the passenger comprising the second frequency component, the second sample being a sample of the second frequency
component at a fourth phase angle;

storing the first sample of the sound from the passenger for a second predetermined length of time to provide a delayed first
sample of the sound from the passenger, the second predetermined length of time being selected such that the phase angle of
the delayed first sample of the sound from the passenger and the fourth phase angle are substantially equal to each other;

combining the delayed first sample and the second sample of the sound from the passenger to provide a second constructive
interference, the second predetermined length of time being additionally selected to determine a direction from which sound
from the passenger will be directionally detected by said first and second microphones;

determining the location of the driver in the vehicle as corresponding to where a first directionally selective microphone
beam is directed and whereat the amplitude of the constructive interference of the first and second sound samples from the
driver is greatest;

determining the location of the passenger in the vehicle as corresponding to the direction of a second directionally selective
microphone beam directed at the passenger, whereat the amplitude of the constructive interference of the first and second
sound samples from the passenger is greatest; and

filtering sounds to be provided to a speech recognizer by selectively detecting the sounds of the driver and suppressing the
sounds from the passenger, by subtracting the second constructive interference as per the determined location of the passenger,
from the first constructive interference as per the determined location of the driver.

US Pat. No. 9,395,259

PIEZORESISTIVE TRANSDUCER WITH LOW THERMAL NOISE

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A pressure transducer, comprising:
a substantially parallelepiped-shaped die having top and bottom surfaces and having south, north, west, and east sides, the
north and south sides opposing each other, and the east and west sides opposing each other;

a plurality of in-line bond pads formed into the top surface along the south side;
a diaphragm formed into the bottom surface and responsive to pressure of a fluid;
a Wheatstone bridge comprising four piezoresistors formed into the top surface, the four piezoresistors being clustered and
located adjacent to a diaphragm edge near the north side, and the four piezoresistors being electrically coupled to the in-line
bond pads, whereby all four of the piezoresistors being clustered and located adjacent to a single side of the diaphragm opposite
from where the bond pads are located, as opposed to closer to where the bond pads are located, reduces thermally-induced noise
that is output by the Wheatstone bridge and that is induced by thermal mismatch caused by bonding a plurality of different
types of material together.

US Pat. No. 9,462,377

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR OPTIMIZING AN AUDIO COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method for optimizing a motor vehicle communication system, the method comprising:
detecting a first sound in the vehicle;
determining current states of a plurality of noise-related conditions of the motor vehicle;
searching a database of noise-related condition states and locating a noise-related condition state in the database that is
at least substantially equal to the current states of the plurality of noise-related conditions;

obtaining from the database, audio communication system operating parameters that correspond to the noise-related condition
state, and that are at least substantially equal to said current states of the plurality of noise-related conditions;

applying the audio communication system operating parameters that were obtained from the database to the audio communication
system as initial audio communication system parameters, which thereby reduce noise from the first sound and to thereby provide
a second, noise-reduced sound to be transmitted; and

transmitting the second, noise-reduced sound from the motor vehicle communication system;
wherein the steps of the method are performed without measuring, determining or estimating noise in the motor vehicle;
wherein the step of obtaining from the database, audio communication system operating parameters that correspond to the noise-related
condition state that is at least substantially equal to said current states of the plurality of noise-related conditions,
comprises: using interpolation/extrapolation techniques to determine audio communication system parameters that substantially
correspond to current states of noise-related conditions.

US Pat. No. 9,452,709

ILLUMINATED INSTRUMENT CLUSTER

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An instrument cluster for a vehicle comprising:
at least one ultra-violet light-emitting L.E.D;
a translucent panel having first and second opposing sides, the first side facing said at least one ultra-violet light-emitting
L.E.D., the second side of the translucent panel facing an observer and facing away from said at least one ultra-violet light-emitting
L.E.D., said translucent panel and its first side being spatially separated from the ultra-violet light-emitting L.E.D; and

a base layer disposed onto the first side of said translucent panel such that the base layer is between said first side of
the translucent panel and said at least one ultra-violet light-emitting L.E.D;

wherein said base layer comprises a crystalline-structure powder layer operable to generate visible light from ultra-violet
light that impinges on said powder layer from the at least one ultra-violet light-emitting L.E.D.; and

wherein the translucent panel is sized, shaped and arranged to keep ultra-violet light that is emitted from the ultra-violet
light-emitting L.E.D. from impinging on the second side of the translucent panel, such that none of the ultra-violet light
impinges on the second side of the translucent panel.

US Pat. No. 9,413,254

DC-DC CONVERSION CIRCUIT AND METHOD OF PROTECTING DEVICES THEREIN

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method of protecting transistors in a DC-DC conversion circuit, the transistors in the conversion circuit including a
first transistor and a second transistor, converted energy being driven across a transformer by an H-bridge circuit, the method
comprising:
with a first configuration of the H-bridge circuit:
turning on a third transistor in a protection circuit to discharge an inductor in the DC-DC conversion circuit that was previously
charged, the inductor coupled to the third transistor, the discharging of the inductor boosting an output current of the DC-DC
conversion circuit; and

charging a capacitor through a diode, the capacitor and diode being disposed in the protection circuit, the diode being coupled
to the first transistor, the charging of the capacitor being effective to limit voltage across the first transistor; and

with a second configuration of the H-bridge circuit:
turning on the first transistor;
continuing the discharging of the inductor to completion thereby boosting the output current of the DC-DC conversion circuit;
and

discharging the capacitor by turning on a fourth transistor in the protection circuit, the fourth transistor being coupled
to the diode, the turning on of the fourth transistor charging a second inductor coupled to the fourth transistor.

US Pat. No. 9,193,321

MULTI-AXIS VEHICLE SENSOR MOUNTING

Continental Automotive Sy...

4. A method of operating a vehicle safety system comprising:
detecting a force in a direction of impact with sensor including only a first sensor portion and a second sensor portion,
the first sensor portion for sensing movement along a first sensing axis and the second sensor portion for sensing along a
second sensing axis normal to the first sensing axis, wherein the first sensor portion senses forces a force along a first
sensing axis parallel with a longitudinal axis of the vehicle and second sensor portion senses forces along a second sensing
axis angled relative to a lateral axis of the vehicle, wherein sensing movement indicative of an impact along the second sensing
axis includes a first component indicative of movement along the lateral axis and a second component indicative of movement
along a third vehicle axis transverse to the vehicle lateral axis and the vehicle longitudinal axis such that the sensor including
only a first sensor portion and a second sensor portion detects forces along at least three vehicle axes;

determining with an electronic control unit that a safety response is required based upon signals communicated from the sensor
indicative of forces exerted on the vehicle; and

generating a signal for triggering a safety response with the electronic control unit.

US Pat. No. 9,416,709

COKING RESISTANT AFTER-TREATMENT DOSING VALUE

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A coking-resistant dosing valve (dosing valve) comprising:
an elongated valve body having first and second opposing ends, the first end comprising a first, truncated cone section and
a substantially straight, substantially tubular aperture extending completely through the elongated valve body between the
first and second opposing ends, the first truncated cone section comprising an interior conical surface surrounded by an exterior
conical surface, the second end comprising an inlet through which fluids can pass into the aperture; an elongated valve needle
inside the tubular aperture of the elongated valve body, the elongated valve needle having first and second opposing ends
and being movably disposed in the aperture of the elongated valve body, the elongated valve needle first end located at and
extending from the first truncated cone section of the elongated valve body and comprising:

first and second, back-to-back cone-shaped portions, the first cone-shaped portion having a narrowed top end that faces into
the interior conical surface of the first truncated cone section of the elongated valve body, the second cone-shaped portion
also having a narrowed top end, which faces away from the elongated valve body;

a spring operatively coupled to the elongated valve needle and elongated valve body, the spring being sized, shaped and arranged
to bias the first cone-shaped portion against the interior conical surface;

wherein the dosing valve has a closed position where part of the first cone-shaped portion of the valve needle is inside and
in contact with said interior conical surface responsive to force provided by said spring, the dosing valve having an open
position where the valve needle is moved to an open position in the tubular aperture, only responsive to pressure applied
to fluid in the aperture and the first cone-shaped portion of the valve needle being separated from the interior conical surface
thereby allowing fluid to be expelled from the dosing valve through a space located between the interior conical surface of
the first truncated cone section and the first cone-shaped portion of the first end of the valve needle.

US Pat. No. 9,410,613

ON-SCREEN GEAR SELECTOR FOR AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An apparatus comprising:
an on-screen gear selector for an automatic transmission of a vehicle, including:
a touch screen;
an on-screen gear selector for selectively being displayed on the touch screen, the on-screen gear selector having a minimized
position and a pop-up mode; and

a plurality of icons,
each of the plurality of icons representing a mode of operation of the automatic transmission,
the plurality of icons selectively displayed on the touch screen,
the plurality of icons being part of the on-screen gear selector;
wherein each of the plurality of icons is touched to configure the transmission to operate in a mode of operation represented
by the touched icon, and

only the icon representing a current mode of operation is displayed on the touch screen when the on-screen gear selector is
in the minimized position, and

when the on-screen gear selector is in the minimized position,
the displayed icon representing the current mode of operation is touched to configure the touch screen such that all of the
plurality of icons are displayed on the touch screen; and

wherein the on-screen gear selector is placed in the minimized position after a predetermined amount of driving time in the
mode of operation represented by the displayed icon, allowing other functions to be displayed on the touch screen; and

wherein the on-screen gear selector chances from the minimized position to pop-up mode when the speed of the vehicle is below
a predetermined value.

US Pat. No. 9,327,699

METHOD FOR REDUCING REVERSE VEHICLE STOPPING DISTANCE USING BRAKE PRE-CHARGE

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method of controlling a vehicle in reverse gear comprising:
maintaining a vehicle braking system in a pre-charge condition when the vehicle is operating in the reverse gear, wherein
the pre-charge condition comprises maintaining a hydraulic pressure above a threshold hydraulic pressure value that provides
a corresponding closure of a gap between a braking element and a rotating element of at least one wheel brake; and

applying vehicle brakes with an automatic brake system, wherein the brake application occurs independent of a driver input.

US Pat. No. 9,585,263

PIN TO PCB CONNECTION STRUCTURE AND METHOD

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A printed circuit board assembly comprising:
a printed circuit board (PCB) having an end, the end including surfaces defining a plurality of electrically conductive notches
therein, and

a housing comprising a plurality of electrically conductive pins fixed in the housing, each pin including a connecting portion
constructed and arranged to be connected with a mating electrical connector and an engaging portion constructed and arranged
to be received in an associated notch of the plurality of notches in a press-fitted manner so as to make electrical connection
with the PCB,

the PCB and the housing further constructed and arranged to engage each pin with the associated notch of the plurality of
notches in response one of sliding and pressing the PCB into the housing.

US Pat. No. 9,435,328

VARIABLE STROKE CONTROL STRUCTURE FOR HIGH PRESSURE FUEL PUMP

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. Control structure for controlling movement of a high pressure fuel pump piston of a fuel system, the piston being constructed
and arranged to be inserted into or withdrawn from a pumping chamber to control a flow of fuel from the pumping chamber, the
control structure comprising:
a rocker arm with an associated roller follower, the roller follower being constructed and arranged to directly engage a camshaft
of an engine, with the roller follower being between the rocker arm and the camshaft, the rocker arm being operatively associated
with the piston such that movement of the camshaft causes movement of the rocker arm and thus movement of the piston, and

actuator structure associated with the rocker arm and including a control element mechanically engaged with the rocker arm
and movable along a path between two endpoints in response to an input to the actuator structure so as to vary a percentage
of the camshaft motion imparted to the piston via the rocker arm, according to fuel demand,

wherein the control element and camshaft rotate about a common axis and the control element is coupled to the rocker arm via
a support pivot, and wherein the path is an arc-shaped path.

US Pat. No. 9,428,017

EXCESS PRESSURE CLAIBRATED GUAGE

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a valve assembly, including:
a housing;
a valve portion disposed in the housing, the valve portion having an open position and a closed position;
a variable pneumatic device located in the housing;
a pneumatic muscle located in the housing; and
a variable volume cavity disposed within the pneumatic muscle;
wherein air is allowed to pass through the valve portion when the valve portion is in the open position, and at least partially
flows into the variable pneumatic device to change the variable pneumatic device between a first configuration and a second
configuration, and air passes around an outer surface of the pneumatic muscle when the variable pneumatic device is in the
first configuration such that the variable volume cavity expands and the outer surface of the pneumatic muscle contacts the
inner surface of the housing, and air is prevented from passing around the outer surface of the pneumatic muscle when the
variable pneumatic device is in the second configuration.

US Pat. No. 9,107,310

ELECTRONICS MODULE

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An electronics module comprising:
a module housing including a base structure and a plurality of side walls;
a module cover contacting said side walls, the module cover being connected to the module housing via at least one fastener;
the module housing including at least one fastener boss for receiving the at least one fastener; each of said fastener bosses
including a fastener hole protruding partially into the fastener boss and a vent hole connecting said fastener hole to an
opening on a surface of said fastener boss exterior to said module housing;

a sealant disposed in said fastener boss, thereby preventing external air from entering the electronics module through a fastener
connection.

US Pat. No. 9,354,132

JOINTLESS PRESSURE SENSOR PORT

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a pressure sensor port, including:
a channel located along an axis;
at least one channel region formed as part of the channel;
an aperture having a first area, the at least one channel region in fluid communication with the aperture; and
a diaphragm being substantially perpendicular to the axis of the channel, the diaphragm having a second area which is larger
than the first area;

a body portion;
a flange portion integrally formed with the body portion; and
a cylindrical portion integrally formed with and extending away from the flange portion, the channel at least partially extending
into the body portion, the flange portion, and the cylindrical portion;

wherein the pressure sensor port is jointless and seamless, and the body portion, the flange portion, and the cylindrical
portion are jointless and seamless.

US Pat. No. 9,296,351

CARGO AREA AIRBAG

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A vehicle cargo restraint system for a vehicle having a forward seating area and an interior rearward cargo area, said
system comprising:
a panel mounted adjacent an interior roof of said vehicle; and
an airbag for powering said panel from a position adjacent said roof of said vehicle to a position wherein a portion of said
panel is contacting a seat of said forward seating area dividing said forward seating area from said cargo area.

US Pat. No. 9,108,598

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MANEUVERING A VEHICLE-TRAILER UNIT IN REVERSE TRAVEL

Continental Automotive Sy...

10. A system for maneuvering a vehicle-trailer unit in reverse travel comprising:
a trailer having a front and a vehicle having a rear, the front and the rear being connected with a trailer hitch allowing
a horizontal swivel movement of the trailer around the hitch,

at least one first distance sensor configured to measure a quantity representing a relative position between the rear of the
vehicle and the front of the trailer; and

a back-up assistance module that receives information sent from the at least one distance sensor compares the measured quantity
with a reference value, determines from the comparison that the trailer deviates from the intended path and calculate the
deviation, the back-up assistance modules then inputs an intended path of the trailer with respect to the vehicle that is
independent of a steering wheel for the vehicle by sending intended path information to an electronic processing unit;

the electronic processing unit having a power steering control feature integrated into the electronic processing unit, the
electronic processing unit is programmed to control a power steering system of the vehicle and implement a path-correcting
measure correcting the course of at least one of the vehicle and the trailer while the vehicle-trailer unit is in reverse
travel when the deviation exceeds the predetermined threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,293,857

SEALED AND UN-MATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTION SYSTEM USING SINGLE INSERTION PRESS FIT PINS

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An apparatus comprising:
a housing;
a heat sink connected to the housing;
a circuit board having at least one aperture, the circuit board connected to the heat sink;
at least one pin mounted in the at least one aperture of the circuit board;
a pocket formed by the connection of the housing and the circuit board to the heat sink;
a central aperture formed as part of the heat sink, the central aperture forming part of the pocket such that the at least
one pin extends through the central aperture when the circuit board is connected to the heat sink; and

a sealant disposed in the pocket;
wherein the sealant is at least partially in contact with the circuit board and the heat sink, and at least partially surrounds
the at least one pin, such that once the sealant is cured, the pins are secured in the pocket.

US Pat. No. 9,293,870

ELECTRONIC CONTROL MODULE HAVING A COVER ALLOWING FOR INSPECTION OF RIGHT ANGLE PRESS-FIT PINS

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
an electronic control module, comprising:
a housing;
a cover having at least one portion that is movable;
a plurality of pins; and
a circuit board connected to part of the cover;
wherein the plurality of pins are press-fitted into the circuit board as the cover is connected to the housing, the plurality
of pins are inspected for correct positioning relative to the circuit board, and the at least one portion that is moveable
is then attached to the housing.

US Pat. No. 9,296,267

METHODS, SYSTEMS AND DEVICES FOR RECORDING AND TRANSMITTING IDENTIFICATION INFORMATION OF TIRE PRESSURE MONITORING SENSORS TO A VEHICLE

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method of integrating one or more tire pressure monitoring sensors with a tire pressure monitoring system of a vehicle,
the method comprising:
from a portable configuration tool (18) that is disposed outside the vehicle, programming or configuring a first tire pressure monitoring sensor (12), a second tire pressure monitoring sensor (12), a third tire pressure monitoring sensor (12), and a fourth tire pressure monitoring sensor (12) with a suitable program software;

without being in a learning mode of a receiver in the vehicle, utilizing the portable configuration tool (18) to cause the first tire pressure monitoring sensors (12) to generate a first signal including a first identifier, a second signal including a second identifier, a third signal including
a third identifier, and a fourth signal including a fourth identifier;

when not in the learning mode of the receiver in the vehicle, recording the first identifier, the second identifier, the third
identifier, and the fourth identifier on a memory device of the portable configuration tool (18); and

when the receiver in the vehicle (16) enters the learning mode, transmitting the recorded first, second, third, and fourth identifiers from the portable configuration
tool (18) to the receiver disposed in the vehicle, the receiver having a memory device, wherein the first, second, third, and fourth
identifiers are transmitted in a predetermined order allowing the receiver while in the learning mode to associate each of
the first, second, third, and fourth identifiers with one of: a front passenger wheel unit, a rear passenger wheel unit, a
rear driver wheel unit, or a front driver wheel unit;

wherein the portable configuration tool and the receiver in the vehicle are physically distinct and separate from the other.

US Pat. No. 9,272,596

GPS ACTIVATED PARK MODE FOR ADJUSTABLE SUSPENSION SYSTEMS

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An air suspension system for a vehicle comprising:
four corner assemblies, wherein one corner assembly is located at a suspension position corresponding to each of the wheel
corners for the vehicle;

an air supply unit including a compressor, and an ECU connected to the corner assemblies, wherein the air supply unit is capable
of independently adjusting the corner assemblies from one another; and

wherein the air suspension system is operable to place the corner assemblies in a park position when a positioning system
indicates that the vehicle is approaching a final destination and the air suspensions system is triggered to move to the park
position when the vehicle is moving at a speed below a predetermined threshold speed such that the vehicle achieves the park
position prior to stopping the vehicle, wherein the park position is a position lowering the vehicle to ease ingress and egress
from the vehicle by a vehicle operator.

US Pat. No. 9,273,781

OVERMOLDED ECU DEVICE

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a sealing device, including:
a first portion;
a first diameter formed as part of the first portion;
a second portion connected to the first portion;
a second diameter formed as part of the second portion;
a tapered portion formed as part of the second portion;
an adhesive located between and connecting the first portion to the second portion;
a leak test aperture;
an upper diameter portion being part of the leak test aperture; and
a lower diameter portion being part of the leak test aperture;
wherein the second diameter is larger than the first diameter, and the sealing device is disposed in the leak test aperture
to prevent moisture and debris from passing through the leak test aperture, and the tapered portion is smaller than the second
diameter such that the tapered portion is located in the lower diameter portion formed as part of the leak test aperture.

US Pat. No. 9,469,308

METHOD FOR REDUCING FALSE ACTIVATIONS IN REVERSE COLLISION AVOIDANCE SYSTEMS

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A reverse collision avoidance system for a vehicle comprising:
at least one sensor mounted to the vehicle to detect objects proximate to a path of the vehicle;
a controller including instructions for:
analyzing data from the sensors to determine a current feature vector based upon data from the at least one sensor;
storing the current feature vector and associated object configuration for the environment in non-volatile memory for the
collision avoidance system;

comparing the current feature vector with previously stored feature vectors; and
selecting an object configuration representing the environment surrounding the vehicle based on the comparison of the current
feature vectors with previously stored feature vectors, wherein the probability that the detected object is an obstacle is
decreased when the current feature vector is matched to a previous feature vector and the detected object was previously identified
as not an obstacle.

US Pat. No. 9,449,615

EXTERNALLY ESTIMATED SNR BASED MODIFIERS FOR INTERNAL MMSE CALCULATORS

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method of reducing noise in an audio signal received at a microphone of a wireless communications device having a transmitter,
the audio signal, which is received at the microphone being represented by a plurality of consecutive frames of data, each
consecutive frame of data representing a plurality of consecutive samples of the received audio signal, the method comprising:
converting the audio signal received at the microphone to a plurality of consecutive frames of data representing said audio
signal;

determining a signal to noise ratio (SNR) for a first frame responsive to energy generated by the microphone, and responsive
to the determination of a softSNR and the determination of a realSNR for the first frame;

determining a warped speech probability presence (SPP) factor for the first frame using a minimum mean square error (MMSE)
determiner, which uses a SPP factor determined for the first frame, multiplied by a sigmoid function having a shape known
as a warping factor, the warped SPP factor for the first frame being determined by the determiner using the signal to noise
ratio determined for the first frame;

determining if the warped SPP factor is between pre-determined maximum and minimum values for the warped SPP factor;
determining a re-warped SPP factor by adjusting the warped SPP factor responsive to the determination of whether the warped
SPP factor is between the first and second pre-determined maximum and minimum values for the warped SPP factor;

determining the softSNR and the realSNR for a second frame responsive to the determined re-warped SPP factor, the second frame
following the first frame;

changing the shape of the sigmoid function responsive to the determined realSNR for the second frame;
determine a warped SPP factor for the second frame, based on multiplying the sigmoid function having the changed shape with
a SPP factor for the second frame;

obtaining a set of warped SPP factors by determining a warped SPP factor for each frequency band of the second frame;
determining an average value for the set of warped SPP factors;
comparing the warped SPP factor of the second frame to a predetermined minimum warped SPP factor threshold value;
if the value of the warped SPP factor under comparison is determined to be greater than the threshold value, substituting
the average value for the set of warped SPP factors in place of the warped SPP factor under comparison;

modifying SNR estimate for each frequency band using the warped SPP factor or averaged valued of warped SPP factors for each
frequency band of the second frame;

determine a new SNR for the second frame responsive to the modified SNR estimate for each frequency band;
determine a gain factor for the second frame using the MMSE calculation and the new SNR;
determine a minimum gain to be applied to the signal;
reducing the noise content in the second frame by adjusting a final gain applied to the second frame, wherein the final gain
is calculated using the minimum gain to be applied to the signal and the gain factor for the second frame;

re-converting the reduced-noise content second frame to an audio signal;
providing the reduced noise content second frame to the wireless communications device.

US Pat. No. 9,334,681

AUTOMATIC DOOR CHILD SAFETY LOCK RELEASE IN A CRASH EVENT

Continental Automotive Sy...

9. An automated child safety unlocking system comprising:
two or more crash sensors each configured to generate a crash signal upon detection of an event;
a vehicle ECU configured to receive the crash signal from each of the two or more crash sensors, said vehicle ECU being configured
to transmit one of at least two CSL command signals, said at least two CSL command signals are each specific to an event severity
and event type, wherein the one of at least two CSL command signals generated by the vehicle ECU is transmitted with general
signals over a general vehicle communication bus; and

a child safety lock ECU configured to receive the general signals transmitted through the general vehicle communication bus
and the child safety lock ECU filters the one of at least two CSL command signals from the general vehicle communication bus,
said child safety lock ECU engages or disengages a child safety lock actuator depending on the one of at least two CSL command
signals received by the child safety lock ECU, wherein the child safety lock ECU is capable of transmitting though the general
vehicle communication bus one or more CSL information signals wherein the vehicle ECU received the general signals transmitted
through the general vehicle communication bus and filters the one or more CSL information signals, the one or more CSL information
signals contains information relating to the child safety lock actuator status, child safety lock diagnostics, data response,
function execution response, customer diagnostic response data.

US Pat. No. 9,206,771

CANISTER PURGE VALVE WITH MODULAR LOWER BODY HAVING INTEGRAL CHECK VALVES

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A canister purge valve for a vehicle comprising:
a valve member constructed and arranged to control vapor purge flow from a fuel tank and canister structure to an air intake
manifold,

a modular body coupled to a housing that is integral with the valve member, the body defining an internal volume in communication
with the valve member to receive vapor purge flow, the body including at least one outlet port, and

a check valve in the body and associated with the at least one outlet port so that under certain conditions, the check valve
permits vapor purge flow to flow from the volume through the outlet port and, under different conditions, prevents flow into
the volume,

wherein the modular body is removably coupled to the housing so as to be able to be replaced with a different modular body.

US Pat. No. 9,157,752

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR THEFT AND MEDICAL EMERGENCY EVENT FOR SELF-DRIVING VEHICLE

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A system for autonomously driving a vehicle to a particular location based on an emergency event, comprising:
a self-driving system constructed and arranged to autonomously drive the vehicle,
an input constructed and arranged to generate a request signal,
a response unit constructed and arranged, based on the request signal, to instruct the self-driving system to drive the vehicle
to the particular location,

a server in remote communication with the response unit, the response unit, based on the request signal, being constructed
and arranged to request the particular location from the server based on an actual location of the vehicle and a distance
that the particular location is from the vehicle, and

a transceiver associated with the response unit, and based on the request signal, the transceiver being constructed and arranged
to send, via an Internet connection, data relating to the emergency event to an entity that is remote from the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,469,166

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR TIRE LOCALIZATION

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method of determining location of a tire pressure monitor, the tire pressure monitor being disposed at one of the tires
on a vehicle equipped with dualies, the method comprising:
activating a wireless signal initiator, the wireless signal initiator configured to transmit an initiation signal to be received
at rear tires on a first side of the vehicle and not on a second side of the vehicle, the first and second sides being opposite
lateral sides of the vehicle, the vehicle being equipped with only a single wireless signal initiator;

receiving a message from a tire pressure monitor, the message having an associated received signal strength, the message including
information indicating a direction of rotation of a tire and an tire identifier from a tire pressure monitor sensor;

determining whether the wireless signal initiator has been activated and has transmitted the initiation signal;
based upon the received signal strength of the message, determining whether the tire is a front tire or rear tire, and when
the tire is determined to be a front tire, determining whether the tire is a left front tire or right front tire based upon
the direction of rotation;

when the received signal strength indicates that the tire is a rear tire, based upon whether the initiator has been activated
and whether the message was received within a predetermined time period of at least one of the initiator activation and initiation
signal transmission, determining whether the tire is in a dualie on the first side of the vehicle or in a dualie on the second
side of the vehicle, and then based upon direction of rotation, determining whether the tire is an outer tire of the dualie
or an inner tire of the dualie.

US Pat. No. 9,276,386

SINGLE LAYER LEADFRAME WITH INTEGRATED THREE-ROW CONNECTOR

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a lead frame assembly, including:
a plurality of sub-lead frames;
a housing surrounding at least part of each of the plurality of sub-lead frames;
an upper connector connected to the housing and in electrical communication with the plurality of sub-lead frames;
a plurality of sub-connectors, each of the plurality of sub-connectors being part of one of the plurality of sub-lead frames;
and

a plurality of pins, a portion of the plurality of pins being part of the upper connector and in electrical communication
with another portion of the plurality of pins being part of each of the plurality of sub-connectors;

wherein a portion of at least one of the sub-lead frames is located in a first plane such that at least one of the plurality
of sub-connectors is located in the first plane, and a portion of another of the plurality of sub-lead frames is located in
a second plane such that another of the plurality of sub-connectors is located in the second plane.

US Pat. No. 9,469,274

VEHICLE AND FOB COMMUNICATION ARRANGEMENT

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A base station assembly comprising:
a transmitter portion configured to communicate a challenge signal and at least one timing signal to a plurality of fobs;
and

a base station configured to initiate a vehicle operation in response to at least one return signal, wherein at least one
return signal is communicated to the base station from at least one of the plurality of fobs in response to the challenge
signal and at least one timing signal, wherein the at least one return signal is at least two return signals comprising a
first return signal transmitted from a first fob and a second return signal transmitted from a second fob at the same time
as the first return signal, wherein the first return signal is aligned with the second return signal, and wherein the first
and second return signals are identical and are interpreted as a single return signal.

US Pat. No. 9,311,761

VEHICLE LOAD INFORMATION SYSTEM TO DETERMINE ROAD SLOPE AND LOAD WHEN TRAILER IS ADDED TO VEHICLE

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method of identifying, for a vehicle, a low friction surface from a road surface with a slope, the method comprising
the steps of: with the vehicle at standstill, turning the vehicle ignition switched on, calculating, in a control unit, a
normal load for the vehicle, determining if the vehicle remains at standstill or is moving, and if the vehicle is moving,
calculating, in the control unit, a vehicle load using suspension information obtained from the vehicle, calculating, in the
control unit, a road slope angle based on the calculated vehicle load and calculated normal load, calculating, in the control
unit, a normal slope angle, and comparing, in the control unit, the normal slope angle to the calculated road slope angle
to determine if the vehicle is on a low friction surface or on a sloped surface.

US Pat. No. 9,243,937

GAUGE HAVING VARIABLE DISPLAY

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a gauge, including:
a light source;
a light directing device operable for directing light from the light source;
a dial located in proximity to the light directing device; and
a plurality of graphics located on the dial, the plurality of graphics representing a plurality of measurements of an operating
parameter;

a housing, the dial mounted within the housing;
a printed circuit board (PCB) located in the housing;
an actuator connected to the printed circuit board; and
a shaft extending through the actuator;
a tube portion mounted on an end of the shaft, the light directing device connected to the tube portion;
a center graphic located on the dial, the center graphic being part of the plurality of graphics;
wherein the light directing device directs light through one of the plurality of graphics to indicate that the vehicle is
operating at one of the plurality of measurements of the operating parameter, the actuator rotates the shaft such that the
light directing device rotates and is positioned to direct light through the one of the plurality of graphics, such that the
one of the plurality of graphics is illuminated, and the center graphic is constantly illuminated by light from the light
source.

US Pat. No. 9,312,813

INSTRUMENT PANEL CLUSTER

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An instrument cluster assembly comprising:
at least one gauge comprising
a dial surface including dial graphics;
a transparent ring spaced apart from said dial surface and configured to be illuminated, said ring having an outer surface
and an inner surface positioned closer to said dial surface than said outer surface, wherein said inner surface includes ring
graphics, wherein said inner surface includes a diffractive film, and said diffractive film includes said ring graphics.

US Pat. No. 9,244,553

TOUCH TELL TALES

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A vehicle information display assembly comprising:
a first digital display including a plurality of selectively actuateable telltales, the first digital display is mounted within
a vehicle steering wheel and is actuateable responsive to touching a specific designated location on the first digital display
corresponding to the actuated telltale;

a second digital display mounted remote from the steering wheel for displaying information responsive to actuation of the
telltale on the first digital display on the steering wheel; and

a controller for controlling operation of the digital display, wherein the controller is operable for actuating the digital
display to change the display to communicate information relating to an actuated telltale.

US Pat. No. 9,407,021

COMPOUND CYLINDER PCB CONNECTION

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A circuit connector comprising: an outer member defining a first bore; and an inner member at least partially disposed
within the first bore; wherein the inner member is in an interference fit relationship with the outer member at the periphery
of the first bore; wherein the outer member defines a second bore, the second bore being at least partially non-overlapping
with the first bore; wherein the outer member is configured to receive solder in the second bore; wherein the inner member
comprises an electric conductor; wherein the electric conductor comprises an electrically conductive outer plating layer.

US Pat. No. 9,404,772

ILLUMINATION RING IN POINTER HUB

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A pointer assembly for a gauge comprising:
a pointer including a pointer arm extending from a pointer base;
a crown attached to the pointer base including an illuminatable ring; and
a cap mounted over the pointer and the crown, the cap including a first slot revealing the illuminatable ring.

US Pat. No. 9,360,125

TURBO PURGE VALVE-CHECK VALVE OBD VACUUM RELIEF

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
an integrated valve assembly which is part of an air flow system, including:
a solenoid assembly having an open position and a closed position;
a first valve in fluid communication with the solenoid assembly, the first valve unbiased open or closed; and
a second valve in fluid communication with the solenoid assembly, the second valve unbiased open or closed;
wherein during a first mode of operation and the solenoid assembly is in an open position, vacuum pressure places the first
valve in an open position and the second valve in a closed position, and during the second mode of operation and the solenoid
assembly is in an open position, pressurized air places the first valve in a closed position, and vacuum pressure places the
second valve in an open position.

US Pat. No. 9,333,872

CHARGING NOTIFICATION AND INQUIRY OF AN ELECTRIC VEHICLE

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method of providing notification of when to charge an electric vehicle battery, the method comprising:
determining a charge time for a number of miles the electric vehicle travels per unit of battery charging time;
determining a next travel start time;
determining an existing charge level travel distance;
determining a next travel distance; and
transmitting an alert to start charging the electric vehicle at a first calculated time of day, the alert being transmitted
at a second calculated time of day, which is determined by a difference between the next travel start time and, a quotient
of the next travel distance minus the existing charge level distance, and the charge time for a number of miles the electric
vehicle travels per unit of battery charging time.

US Pat. No. 9,140,589

INSTRUMENT PANEL CLUSTER

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An instrument cluster assembly comprising:
at least one gauge comprising:
a dial surface having a primary scale and a secondary scale;
a needle indicator assembly rotatable about an axis and spaced from said dial surface, said needle indicator assembly comprising
a primary needle and a secondary needle, wherein a tip of said primary needle is positioned to indicate on said primary scale,
and a tip of said secondary needle is positioned to indicate on said secondary scale;

a primary light source for illuminating said primary needle; and
a secondary light source for illuminating said secondary needle, wherein said primary light source and said secondary light
source are independently illuminable.

US Pat. No. 9,302,587

INSTRUMENT CLUSTER INCLUDING TELLTALE ILLUMINATION USING A LIGHT GUIDE

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An instrumentation gauge for a vehicle comprising:
a light guide comprising a plurality of light guide connections, wherein each of said light guide connections is in communication
with at least one of a plurality of first light sources, and wherein the light guide comprises a single piece;

a dial disposed adjacent a first surface of said light guide, wherein said dial comprises an opaque portion, and at least
one translucent portion;

at least one telltale printed on a first surface of said light guide, wherein said telltale is printed in a color at least
approximately matching a color of said dial; and

a lighthousing for communicating light from at least one second light source to said at least one translucent portion of said
dial.

US Pat. No. 9,174,616

ELECTRONIC BRAKE SYSTEM LINE LOCK FEATURE

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method of operating a brake system comprising:
providing a hydraulic dual-circuit brake control that includes a master brake cylinder with a brake pedal that communicates
with the master brake cylinder, at least one pump for generating brake fluid pressure in the hydraulic pressure in the hydraulic
dual-circuit brake control, at least one non-driven wheel brake with an inlet valve disposed in an inlet line having a spring-actuated
open position and an electromagnetically switchable blocking position;

providing an outlet valve with a spring actuated blocking position and an electromagnetically switchable open position, wherein
the outlet valve is located in a return line leading back to the at least one pump;

providing a shut-off valve connected between the pump, brake master cylinder, and the inlet valve, wherein the shut-off valve
also has a spring actuated open position and an electromagnetically switchable blocking position;

depressing the brake pedal and initiating a wheel hold mode in an ECU (Electronic Control Unit) for the brake system;
applying pressure to the at least one non-driven wheel brake;
accumulating pressure at the at least one non-driven wheel brake and maintaining the pressure by moving the inlet valve to
the closed position, moving the shut-off valve to the blocking position that will modulate and maintain pressure buildup in
the brake system downstream of the shut-off valve;

maintaining wheel brake pressure at the at least one non-driven wheel brake; independent of application of the brake pedal;
and

releasing the wheel brake pressure at the at least one non-driven wheel brake when a release trigger event occurs, wherein
the release trigger event is one of: an automatic trigger event and a driver actuated trigger event, wherein the step of releasing
the wheel brake pressure includes actuating the outlet valve to move the outlet valve to the open position so that the accumulating
pressure is reduced by moving the pressure through the return line.

US Pat. No. 9,333,963

VACUUM PUMP FOR A BRAKE SYSTEM WITH CLUTCH ATTACHMENT TO AN ENGINE

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A brake system for a vehicle comprising:
a vacuum pump mounted to an engine crankshaft, wherein the vacuum pump is selectively connected to be driven by the engine;
a clutch mounted within a housing for the vacuum pump wherein the clutch can be selectively engaged to drive the vacuum pump
with the engine; and

a sensor connected to the clutch wherein the clutch is actuated to engage when the sensor determines a vacuum within the pump
is below a predetermined vacuum threshold and the engine speed is below a predetermined speed threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,296,370

HYDRAULIC AND ELECTRONIC BRAKING SYSTEM FOR AUTONOMOUS BRAKING

Continental Automotive Sy...

15. A method of operating a vehicle braking system comprising:
configuring a first control module coupled to a first hydraulic brake circuit and a second hydraulic brake circuit, wherein
the first control module is configured to control fluid pressure within both the first hydraulic brake circuit and the second
hydraulic brake circuit; configuring a second control module coupled to the first hydraulic brake circuit and the second hydraulic
brake circuit, and the second control module is disposed in series with the first control module in the first hydraulic brake
circuit and the second hydraulic brake circuit; and

controlling fluid pressure with one of the first control module and the second control module within both the first hydraulic
brake circuit and the second hydraulic brake circuit independent of the other of the first control module and the second control
module.

US Pat. No. 9,206,726

EXHAUST MODE SELECTOR SYSTEM

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
an exhaust system having multiple modes of operation, including:
a first exhaust flow path;
a second exhaust flow path;
a first vehicle emissions control device disposed in the first exhaust flow path;
a second vehicle emissions control device disposed in the second exhaust flow path;
at least one valve for directing exhaust gas between the first exhaust flow path and the second exhaust flow path;
a first valve located downstream of the first vehicle emissions control device and upstream of the second vehicle emission
control device;

a second valve located downstream of the first vehicle emissions control device and downstream of the second vehicle emissions
control device;

a first cutout connected to the first exhaust flow path and the second exhaust flow path, the first valve being disposed in
the first cutout; and

a second cutout connected to the first exhaust flow path and the second exhaust flow path, the second valve being disposed
in the second cutout;

wherein the exhaust gas flows through the first vehicle emissions control device when the at least one valve is configured
for diverting the exhaust gas through the first exhaust flow path, and the exhaust gas flows through the first vehicle emissions
control device and the second vehicle emissions control device when the at least one valve is configured for diverting the
exhaust gas through the second exhaust flow path, and the first valve and the second valve are placed in multiple positions
to configure the exhaust system to direct exhaust gas through the first exhaust flow path and the second exhaust flow path.

US Pat. No. 9,446,636

PRESSURE CHECK TOOL AND METHOD OF OPERATING THE SAME

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method for obtaining data from a tire pressure monitoring (TPM) sensor, the TPM sensor disposed at a vehicle wheel, the
vehicle having a receiver disposed therein, the receiver being physically separate from the TPM sensor, comprising:
at a portable tool:
requesting and receiving vehicle identification information from a label affixed or attached to a vehicle;
based upon the vehicle identification information, determining one or more tire pressure sensor activation/trigger protocols
and one or more Recommended Cold Pressures, the protocols effective to wake the TPM sensor from a sleep state to an active
state;

using the determined one or more tire pressure sensor activation/trigger protocols to activate one or more tire pressure monitoring
(TPM) sensors at the vehicle;

responsively receiving tire pressure information from the activated TPM sensors;
determining by a controller of the portable tool whether the tire pressure information falls below any of the one or more
of the Recommended Cold Pressures;

wherein the tool interacts exclusively with the tire pressure monitor sensor and not the receiver of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,393,946

DETECTION OF VACUUM BOOSTER LEAK TO ATMOSPHERE OR BOOSTER CHECKBALL MALFUNCTION

Continental Automotive Sy...

4. A brake system comprising:
a master cylinder;
a plurality of wheel brakes connected to the master cylinder to apply a brake pressure at each of a plurality of vehicle wheels;
and

an electronic control unit connected to the master cylinder to control pressure within the brake system the electronic control
unit including instructions for:

monitoring a vacuum pressure sensor to determine an actual vacuum pressure in a vacuum booster for the brake system;
comparing the actual vacuum pressure to a modeled vacuum pressure for the vacuum booster;
determining a booster checkball is malfunctioning when the actual vacuum level decreases to zero without fluctuations in the
actual vacuum level; and

providing an alert when the booster checkball is determined to be malfunctioning.

US Pat. No. 9,353,663

LIQUID INTRUSION SEALING STRUCTURE OF A UREA INJECTOR

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A fluid injector comprising:
a body associated with an outlet of the injector,
an inlet tube coupled to the body and having an open end for receiving fluid to be injected,
a unitary inlet cup having a passage there-through in fluid communication with the open end of the inlet tube, the inlet CUP
having an annular inner periphery defining cup-shaped internal space, with the open end and an outer peripheral portion of
the body being received in the internal space, and

sealing structure comprising:
a primary seal providing a seal between the inner periphery of the inlet cup and an outer periphery of the inlet tube,
a secondary seal between the body and the inner periphery of the inlet cup and constructed and arranged to prevent liquid
that is external to the injector from entering an interior of the injector through the open end of the inlet cup, and

a surface feature on the body or on the inlet cup constructed and arranged to compress a portion of the secondary seal between
the inlet cup and the body.

US Pat. No. 9,357,548

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CHANGING FREQUENCY DEVIATION

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method for transmitting frequency-shift keying (FSK)-based tire pressuring monitoring system (TPMS) data, comprising,
at a first time and at a single tire pressure monitoring (TPM) sensor, determining a first protocol to be used in the transmission
of tire pressure monitoring data from a transmitter;

based upon the first protocol, selecting a first deviation between a first high frequency that is used to transmit a logic
one and a first low frequency to transmit a logic zero;

wherein the first deviation is selected at least in part by comparing a first deviation threshold with a first high frequency
deviation associated with the first protocol;

transmitting the FSK-based TPMS data according to the first high frequency when there is a logic one and first low frequency
when there is a logic zero;

at a second time that occurs after the first time and at the same TPM sensor, subsequently determining a second protocol to
be used in the transmission of tire pressure monitoring data from the transmitter;

based upon the second protocol, selecting a second deviation between a second high frequency that is used to transmit a logic
one and a second low frequency to transmit a logic zero;

wherein the second deviation is selected at least in part by comparing a second deviation threshold with a second high frequency
deviation associated with the second protocol;

wherein the first deviation is different than the second deviation;
transmitting FSK-based TPMS data according to the second high frequency when there is a logic one and second low frequency
when there is a logic zero;

wherein the first protocol is switched to the second protocol on-the-fly at the single TPM sensor during the operation of
the TPM sensor;

wherein the first protocol and the second protocol comprise one or more of a data format or baud rate;
wherein the first protocol and the second protocol are determined at least in part by a controller.

US Pat. No. 9,276,337

DYNAMICALLY STABLE SURFACE MOUNT POST HEADER

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A surface mount post header comprising:
a body; and
at least one post and at least one lead extending from the body and being distinct from each other;
the lead configured to at least partially define a base of support for the post header on a surface of a substrate;
the lead including a foot portion for contacting the surface of the substrate, the lead including a leg portion, the foot
portion including a heel portion and a toe portion, the heel portion connecting the leg portion to the toe portion, the heel
portion forming an angle with respect to the leg portion, the foot portion being configured to contact the substrate along
the length of the foot portion from the heel portion to the toe portion, the foot portion comprising at least one bend or
curve between the heel portion and the toe portion disposed along the base of support and configured to be disposed along
the substrate.

US Pat. No. 9,272,594

SYSTEM AND METHOD OF USING AIR SUSPENSION TO IMPROVE VEHICLE UNLOADING

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An air suspension system for a passenger vehicle comprising:
at least four corner assemblies, two of the corner assemblies in a front end and two of the corner assemblies in a rear end;
an air supply unit including an ECU, a reservoir, a compressor, and a valve block fluidly connected to the four corner assemblies,
wherein the air supply unit is capable of independently adjusting the four corner assemblies; and

wherein the air suspension system is operable to place the four corner assemblies in an unloading mode corresponding to the
front corner assemblies in a raised position and the rear corner assemblies in a lowered position, and wherein the air suspension
system is operable to place the four corner assemblies in a trailer unloading mode with the front corner assemblies in a lowered
position and the rear corner assemblies in a raised position; and

wherein the air pressure can be adjusted to maintain a position of the vehicle as weight is removed in one of said modes.

US Pat. No. 9,115,675

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CLEANING A CHARCOAL CANISTER OF AN EMISSIONS SYSTEM USING A FUEL CELL

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An evaporative emission control system for a vehicle comprising:
a fuel tank,
a vapor collection canister in communication with the fuel tank so as to receive hydrocarbons,
a fuel cell in communication with the canister, and
a pump constructed and arranged to pump hydrocarbons from the canister to the fuel cell so that the fuel cell can purge the
canister by converting the hydrocarbons to water, carbon dioxide and electricity,

wherein the evaporative emission control system is in combination with an internal combustion engine, the fuel tank supplying
fuel to the engine, wherein the fuel cell and pump are constructed and arranged to purge the canister without operating the
engine.

US Pat. No. 9,418,547

ADAPTIVE DRIVER ASSISTANCE ALERTS FUNCTIONALITY

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A driver assistance system for a vehicle comprising:
a plurality of lights linearly arranged around a majority of an interior perimeter of the vehicle;
a controller controllably coupled to the plurality of lights, such that the controller is operable to control the plurality
of lights;

a hazard detection system communicatively coupled to the controller;
the controller including a non-transitory computer readable medium storing instructions for causing the controller to illuminate
at least one of the plurality of lights corresponding to a location of a hazard detected by the hazard detection system; and

the non-transitory computer readable medium further including instructions for causing the controller to determine a worst
case scenario position of a driver's gaze based on the location of the identified hazard in response to the direction of the
driver's gaze being unknown, and for causing the controller to initiate a warning in a position farthest from the hazard.

US Pat. No. 9,365,159

NEGATIVE SLOPE POINTER

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A gauge assembly comprising:
a gauge surface including graphics representing a vehicle operating parameter; and
a pointer supported for movement about an axis to indicate a current condition of the vehicle operating parameter by pointing
to a specific location on the gauge surface, the pointer including a pointer arm extending away from a hub toward a tip and
a bottom surface including a first portion with a negative slope angled away from a plane normal to the axis toward the gauge
surface, a midway portion that tapers toward the plane normal to the axis in a direction away from the negative slope and
a tip portion including a positive slope from the second portion toward the tip, and wherein the hub includes a light receiving
surface for propagating light through the pointer arm.

US Pat. No. 9,243,596

PRESSURE OPERATED MECHANICAL FLOW CONTROL VALVE FOR GASOLINE DIRECT INJECTION PUMP

Continental Automotive Sy...

5. A high pressure, direct injection pump for supplying fuel to a fuel rail, the pump comprising:
a body having an inlet end, an outlet, and a pump piston between the inlet end and the outlet to increase pressure of fuel,
an inlet valve at the inlet end, and
a flow control valve comprising:
a housing coupled to the inlet end of the body, the housing defining an inlet in communication with the inlet valve, the housing
including an interior portion,

a non-electrically operated control plunger, movable within the interior portion, the control plunger being constructed and
arranged to engage with and disengage from a portion of the inlet valve to control opening and closing of the inlet valve,
wherein the control plunger has a passage there-through, and

a spring biasing the control plunger away from the inlet valve,
the body of the pump and the housing defining port structure fluidly connecting the outlet with a volume that communicates
with the control plunger such that when fluid pressure at the outlet is greater than a certain value, the fluid pressure in
the volume alone causes the control plunger to move against the bias of the spring and engage the portion of the inlet valve
to hold the inlet valve in an open position, causing fuel to be pushed back towards the inlet of the housing, with no flow
fuel flowing from the outlet, and

when the fuel pressure returns to the certain value, the control plunger is biased by the spring to disengage from the portion
of the inlet valve, causing the inlet valve to operate as a pressure operated check valve, with only fuel at the certain value
being delivered from the outlet.

US Pat. No. 9,228,864

DISPLAYING GRAPHICS ON A INSTRUMENT MASK

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A system comprising:
an instrument hood or mask, wherein the instrument mask extends away from and is configured to shield at least one instrument
from external light;

a graphic displayed on a surface of the instrument mask; and
a light source configured to illuminate the graphic such that it is visible in the instrument hood or mask when illuminated.

US Pat. No. 9,781,850

PRESS-FIT CONTACT WINDOW COVER RETENTION

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
an electronic controller, including:
a housing;
a printed circuit board located in the housing;
an adhesive disposed on at least a portion of the printed circuit board;
a base plate connected to the housing such that the printed circuit board is in between the housing and the base plate;
an aperture formed as part of the base plate;
a cover; and
a sealant disposed on a portion of the cover such that the sealant is in contact with both the cover and the base plate;
wherein the cover is positioned relative to the base plate such that a portion of the cover extends through the aperture and
contacts the adhesive, and the connection between the cover and the adhesive maintains the position of the cover relative
to the base plate until the sealant is cured, and the sealant connects the cover to the base plate.

US Pat. No. 9,275,942

FLEXIBLE LEAD FRAME CONNECTION FOR ELECTRONIC INTERCONNECTS

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a lead frame assembly, including:
a plurality of sub-lead frames;
a plurality of interconnects which connect each of the plurality of sub-lead frames;
a plurality of terminals, each one of the plurality of terminals connected to one of the plurality of sub-lead frames;
a plurality of segments, each one of the plurality of segments surrounding a corresponding one of the plurality of sub-lead
frames;

each one of the plurality of interconnects further comprising:
a first arc portion connected to one of the plurality of segments;
a second arc portion connected to the first arc portion; and
a third arc portion connected to the second arc portion and another of the plurality of segments;
wherein the plurality of interconnects allows for relative movement between each of the plurality of sub-lead frames, and
the first arc portion, second arc portion, and third arc portion flex to allow for relative movement between two or more of
the plurality of segments.

US Pat. No. 9,203,453

RECEIVER WITH ANTENNA SWITCHING CAPABILITY

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A system for receiving signals with antenna switching capability, the system comprising:
a plurality of antennas configured to receive the signals;
a receiver in communication with each antenna of the plurality of antennas, the receiver comprising:
a processing circuit configured to receive configuration information and generate control signals based on the configuration
information,

a receiver circuit configured to process the signals, the receiver circuit in communication with the plurality of antennas,
and

a power switching circuit configured to power each antenna of the plurality of antennas, the power switching circuit comprising
a plurality of switches configured to provide power from a power supply to each antenna of a set of the plurality of antennas
based on the control signals from the processing circuit; and

a micro-processor, not comprised in the receiver, in communication with the receiver, the micro-processor configured to provide
the configuration information indicating the set of the plurality of antennas to sequentially power and poll to receive and
process the signals therefrom, wherein the configuration information is based on a duration of non-use of a vehicle comprising
the system and not derived from signals received by at least one of the plurality of antennas.

US Pat. No. 9,449,609

ACCURATE FORWARD SNR ESTIMATION BASED ON MMSE SPEECH PROBABILITY PRESENCE

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method of reducing noise in an audio signal received at a microphone of a wireless communications device having a transmitter,
the audio signal, which is received at the microphone being represented by a plurality of consecutive frames of data, each
consecutive frame of data representing a plurality of consecutive samples of the received audio signal, the method comprising:
converting the audio signal received at the microphone to a plurality of consecutive frames of data representing said audio
signal;

determining a signal to noise ratio (SNR) for a first frame responsive to energy generated by the microphone, and responsive
to the determination of a softSNR and the determination of a realSNR for the first frame;

determining a warped speech probability presence (SPP) factor for the first frame using a minimum mean square error (MMSE)
determiner, which uses a SPP factor determined for the first frame, multiplied by a sigmoid function having a shape, the warped
SPP factor for the first frame being determined by the determiner using the signal to noise ratio determined for the first
frame;

determining if the warped SPP factor is between pre-determined maximum and minimum values for the warped SPP factor;
determining a re-warped SPP factor by adjusting the warped SPP factor responsive to the determination of whether the warped
SPP factor is between the first and second pre-determined maximum and minimum values for the warped SPP factor;

determining the softSNR and the realSNR for a second frame responsive to the determined re-warped SPP factor, the second frame
following the first frame;

changing the shape of the sigmoid function responsive to the determined realSNR for the second frame;
determine a warped SPP factor for the second frame, based on multiplying the sigmoid function having the changed shape with
a SPP factor for the second frame;

determine a new SNR for the second frame responsive to the warped SPP factor;
determine a gain factor for the second frame using the MMSE calculation and the new SNR;
determine a minimum gain to be applied to the signal;
reducing the noise content in the second frame by adjusting a final gain applied to the second frame, wherein the final gain
is calculated using the minimum gain to be applied to the signal and the gain factor for the second frame;

re-converting the reduced-noise content second frame to an audio signal; and
providing the reduced noise content second frame to the wireless communications device.

US Pat. No. 9,854,664

SLIDING THERMAL SHIELD

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An assembly for providing electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding and for dissipating heat from one or more electronic
components attached to a circuit board, each electronic component having a height extending above the circuit board, which
is equal to or greater than a first height, the assembly comprising:
a metallic frame comprising a wall extending upwardly from the circuit board, the upwardly-extending wall having a second
height, which is less than the first height, said metallic frame surrounding said electronic components;

an EMI shield having a substantially planar top perforated with a plurality of holes and having sidewalls that surround the
perforated top, the sidewalls extending downwardly from the top by a distance less than the second height, the downwardly
extending sidewalls of the EMI shield being attachable to the wall of the frame in a first latched position and attachable
to the wall of the frame in a second, un-latched position, the second position being closer to the circuit board than the
first latched position;

a layer of thermally-conductive, viscous heat sink grease on the top of the EMI shield and filling a plurality of the holes
in the perforated top of the EMI shield, heat sink grease in the plurality of holes being in direct physical contact with
the top surface of the at least one electronic component when the EMI shield is in the second, un-latched position;

a heat sink on top of and in direct physical contact with the heat sink grease on top of the EMI shield;
wherein, when the EMI shield is attached to the frame in the second latched position, electronic components within the assembly
are substantially isolated from EMI originating outside the assembly, and wherein EMI emitted from electronic components inside
the assembly is substantially contained therein, wherein heat generated by electronic components inside the assembly is conducted
to the heat sink through the heat sink grease that fills said holes.

US Pat. No. 9,302,619

REAR VIEW CAMERA DISPLAY DURING BRAKING

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A display system for a vehicle comprising:
a display screen mounted on an instrument panel of a vehicle, for selectively displaying a rear view image from the rear of
the vehicle, said display screen is used by other vehicle systems in addition to the display system, wherein the display screen
will show a display selected by a user;

at least one camera mounted to the vehicle and facing at least partially in a rear direction said at least one camera is connected
to the display screen to selectively send the rear view image;

a sensor connected to the display system to determine a brake application by the vehicle wherein the sensor transmits data
indicative of the brake application; and

an electronic control unit (ECU) that receives the data from the sensor and the ECU is controllably connected to the display
screen and the at least one camera to automatically switch the display screen to provide the rear view image from the at least
one camera when the electronic control unit calculates one of a predetermined threshold of brake application is detected and
anti-lock activity is detected.

US Pat. No. 9,420,506

METHOD AND APPARATUS TO FACILITATE INFLUENCING HANDOVER DECISIONS

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method comprising:
at an end-user transceiver of a handover-based communications system:
automatically determining a received signal strength value for a presently-utilized base station, a received signal strength
value for a presently un-utilized base station, and a difference between the received signal strength value for the presently
un-utilized base station and the received signal strength value for the presently-utilized base station;

determining a handover threshold being applied by the presently-utilized base station;
determining whether to purposefully increase the received signal strength value for the presently un-utilized base station
based on the difference between the received signal strength value for the presently un-utilized base station and the received
signal strength value for the presently-utilized base station such that it is determined to purposefully increase the received
signal strength value for the presently un-utilized base station when the received signal strength value for the presently-utilized
based station is sufficiently weak and the difference between the received signal strength value for the presently un-utilized
base station and the received signal strength value for the presently-utilized base station is less than the handover threshold
being applied by the presently-utilized base station;

upon determining to purposefully increase the received signal strength value for the presently un-utilized base station, automatically
increasing the received signal strength value for the presently un-utilized base station to provide an increased signal strength
value for the presently un-utilized base station such that the increased signal strength value for the presently un-utilized
base station exceeds the received signal strength value for the presently-utilized based station by at least the handover
threshold being applied by the presently-utilized base station; and

transmitting the increased signal strength value for the presently un-utilized base station in order to influence a handover
decision in favor of handing over the handover-based communications system end-user transceiver from the presently-utilized
base station to the presently un-utilized base station.

US Pat. No. 9,302,325

DOUBLE CUT SINGLE POINT CUTOFF TOOL FOR CUTTING AND FINISHING AN END SURFACE OF A FUEL INJECTOR POLE PIECE

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method of removing a fuel injector pole piece from bar stock, the method comprising:
providing a cutoff tool having a first cutting surface and a second cutting surface separate from the first cutting surface,
causing rotation of the pole piece and bar stock about a longitudinal axis,
advancing the tool with respect to the pole piece so that the first cutting surface severs the pole piece from the bar stock
and defines an unfinished end surface of the pole piece, with a certain cutting force being exerted on the tool, and

further advancing the tool with respect to the pole piece so that the second cutting surface removes material from the unfinished
end surface to define a finished end surface of the pole piece, with a cutting force on the tool being substantially less
than the certain cutting force.

US Pat. No. 9,144,936

IDLE AIR CONTROL VALVE WITH PLASTIC HOUSING AND RETENTION FEATURES

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A linear actuator comprising:
a plastic housing having an integral flange for mounting the actuator,
a stator assembly disposed in the plastic housing, the stator assembly having windings,
a rotor assembly, having a permanent magnet, mounted for rotation with respect to the stator assembly such that when the windings
are energized, a magnetic field is generated to cause rotation of the rotor assembly,

a shaft restricted from rotation and associated with the rotor assembly such that rotation of the rotor assembly causes linear
movement of the shaft, and

connector structure housing leads for powering the windings,
wherein the plastic housing has an annular end that engages and captures an annular surface of the connector structure, coupling
the plastic housing to the connector structure,

wherein the annular end of the plastic housing is deformed to as to engage and capture the annular surface of the connector
structure.

US Pat. No. 9,308,826

METHOD AND APPARATUS TO DETECT LEAKAGE CURRENT BETWEEN POWER SOURCES

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method of detecting a leakage current between two electrical energy sources in a vehicle, the method comprising:
connecting a first voltage divider having a first center node, between the first power source and a reference potential for
the vehicle;

determining a first voltage at said first center node;
connecting a second voltage divider having a second center node across the second power source;
connecting the second center node and the first center node to each other;
determining a second voltage at said first center node responsive to the connection of the second center node to the first
center node, the second voltage being determined relative to the reference potential; and

determining whether the first and second voltages are unequal;
whereby unequal first and second voltages indicates a leakage current flowing from said second power source to at least one
of the first power source and said reference potential.

US Pat. No. 9,115,624

ANTI-ROTATION STRUCTURE FOR A VALVE INSTALLED IN AN EXHAUST BOSS OF A REDUCTANT DELIVERY SYSTEM

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A valve structure for insertion into a boss, the boss including a threaded bore and at least one key slot therein, the
valve structure comprising:
a valve constructed and arranged to control fluid flow, the valve having an integral annular flange,
a fitting surrounding at least a portion of the valve, the fitting having external threads for mating with the threaded bore,
and

an anti-rotate structure separate from the valve and the fitting and disposed between the valve and the fitting, the anti-rotate
structure being constructed and arranged such that when the fitting is rotated into threaded engagement with the boss, at
least a portion of the anti-rotate structure engages a surface defining the key slot in the boss, thereby preventing rotation
of the valve, with the fitting clamping on the anti-rotate structure and the anti-rotate structure clamping on the annular
flange of the valve,

wherein the anti-rotate structure comprises:
a washer body having an inner edge defining a bore through the washer body, the inner edge having an inner edge height, the
bore being configured to receive a portion of the valve therein, and

at least one finger extending from a periphery of the washer body and defining the portion that engages the surface defining
the key slot of the boss, the finger having a finger height, wherein the finger height is greater than the inner edge height.

US Pat. No. 9,330,684

REAL-TIME WIND BUFFET NOISE DETECTION

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. Apparatus comprising:
a fast Fourier transform module configured to calculate fast Fourier transforms of digitized speech data;
a probability of speech presence estimator configured to calculate an average probability of speech presence estimate in a
lower frequency band and a probability of speech presence estimate in a higher frequency band based on the fast Fourier transforms
of the digitized speech data;

a low-frequency short-and-long term energy calculator configured to calculate a long-term energy floor based on the fast Fourier
transforms of the digitized speech data and a short-term average of the energy below a wind-buffet cutoff frequency;

a state classifier configured to:
start in a no-buffet-no-speech state;
transition to a buffet-no-speech state in response to determining that, for the digitized speech data, a probability difference
between the average probability of speech presence estimate in a lower frequency band and the probability of speech presence
estimate in a higher frequency band exceeds a first threshold;

in response to determining that the probability difference no longer exceeds the first threshold, transition from the buffet-no-speech
state to a state selected from: buffet-speech, no-buffet-speech, and no-buffet-no-speech; and

wherein the state transitioned to from the buffet-no-speech state depends, at least in part, upon a difference between the
calculated short-term low-frequency energy of the digitized speech data and the long-term energy floor.

US Pat. No. 9,296,347

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR SATELITE CONNECTION INTERRUPTION PREVENTION

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method for controlling electronic systems in a vehicle having a stop-start engine feature comprising the steps of:
monitoring a voltage of a first battery terminal, connected to an electric system through at least one in-line electronic
device, during a stop-start event, and thereby determining when the voltage falls below an autarky threshold;

altering the autarky threshold by reducing a detected voltage of the first battery terminal by a predetermined voltage reduction
amount, the predetermined voltage reduction amount is at least a voltage drop of the at least one in-line electronic device,
using a voltage compensator; and

connecting the electronic system to a reserve energy source for a predetermined period of time when said reduced voltage falls
below said autarky threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,506,428

TURBO BYPASS SWITCH VALVE MOUNTING ON AIR BOX

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a valve assembly, including:
a first cavity;
a second cavity;
a bypass switching valve fluidly connecting the first cavity and the second cavity;
at least one port connected to and in fluid communication with the second cavity, the at least one port connected to and extending
into an air box; and

a check valve fluidly connecting the second cavity and the at least one port;
wherein pressurized air and purge vapor selectively flow into the first cavity such that when the bypass switching valve is
in the open position, the pressurized air and purge vapor flow from the first cavity to the second cavity, and force the check
valve into an open position, such that the pressurized air and purge vapor flow from the second cavity, through the at least
one port, and into the air box.

US Pat. No. 9,481,401

ADJUSTABLE AND FLEXIBLE DAMPER STRUCTURE FOR INSTRUMENT CLUSTERS

Continental Automotive Sy...

9. An instrument cluster comprising:
a mask,
a housing coupled to the mask via a plurality of latch connections, and
damping structure comprising:
a resilient and flexible damper having a body with first and second opposing ends, the first end being closed and the second
end being open to communicate with a generally cylindrical recess in the body, and

a holding member coupled to and extending from the mask, the holding member including a body having a recess therein, at least
a portion of the body of the holding member being received in the recess of the damper, with the closed end of the damper
covering the recess in the body of the holding member so as to trap air therein,

wherein, the closed end of the damper engages the housing so that the damper is under compression loading.

US Pat. No. 9,421,483

PRE-FILTER FOR FUEL MODULE

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a pre-filter, including:
a first portion of a housing;
a lower mesh integrally formed with the first portion;
a second portion of the housing connected to the first portion;
a first port formed as part of the second portion of the housing;
a second port formed as part of the second portion of the housing;
a channel formed by the connection between the first portion of the housing and the second portion of the housing;
a ridge formed as part of the first portion;
a first flange formed as part of the second portion; and
a second flange formed as part of the second portion;
wherein the ridge is located between the first flange and the second flange when the first portion is connected to the second
portion, forming at least a portion of the channel, and the channel provides fluid communication between the first port and
the second port, such that fuel flows from the first port, through the channel, and into the second port, and fuel flows through
the lower mesh and into the channel.

US Pat. No. 10,166,964

PEDALLESS ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED HYDRAULIC BRAKING SYSTEM WITH REDUNDANT PUMP

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE SY...

1. A braking system for an autonomous vehicle comprising:four brake devices each configured to respectively brake one of four vehicle wheels;
a first control system including a first pump fluidly connected to all four brake devices via at least one of a first hydraulic circuit and a second hydraulic circuit, wherein the first control system includes a first motor coupled to the first pump;
a second control system including a second pump fluidly connected to all four brake devices via the at least one of the first and second hydraulic circuit, the second pump fluidly connected in parallel with the first pump, wherein the second control system includes a second motor coupled to the second pump; and
a controller in communication with the first and second control systems, the controller configured to detect a fault in the first control system, and the controller configured to determine which component of the first control system contains the fault and to activate a corresponding component of the second control system in response to the detected fault such that the second control system operates in combination with operational components of the first control system.

US Pat. No. 9,612,660

INNOVATIVE KNOB WITH VARIABLE HAPTIC FEEDBACK

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A touch screen with a haptic feedback knob arrangement comprising:
an interactive surface with a glass or polymer surface having a capacitive film attached to the glass or polymer surface,
said capacitive film provides a controllable electrostatic pressure region across a portion of the interactive surface;

a controller with an algorithm programmed thereon for controlling the amount of electrostatic pressure applied to said portion
of said interactive surface; and

a knob rotatably mounted to the interactive surface and having an interface in contact with the capacitive film, wherein the
rotational resistance is proportional to the amount of electrostatic pressure provided by the capacitive film and transmitted
to the interface to control the rotational resistance of the knob.

US Pat. No. 9,334,843

USING RESISTANCE EQUIVALENT TO ESTIMATE TEMPERATURE OF A FUEL-INJECTOR HEATER

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method of controlling the temperature of a heater for a fuel injector, the method comprising:
measuring a voltage drop across a fuel-injector heater;
measuring an amount of electrical current passing through the fuel-injector heater;
generating a voltage equivalent heater resistance signal, by determining a division equivalent of, dividing the voltage drop
across the fuel-injector heater by the measured amount of electrical current passing through the fuel-injector heater;

generating a temperature rise signal by comparing the voltage equivalent heater resistance signal to a first reference voltage
corresponding to a reference resistance value;

generating a temperature control signal by comparing the temperature rise signal to a second reference voltage corresponding
to a reference temperature;

providing said temperature control signal to a control device, which is configured to control electrical energy provided to
the fuel-injector heater, responsive to a difference between the temperature control signal and the second reference voltage;

wherein control of the fuel-injector heater temperature is determined by current provided to the fuel injector heater, said
current being determined from the measurement of electrical current passing through the fuel-injector heater and from the
measurement of voltage across said fuel-injector heater, and not from either a measurement or determination of the temperature
of either the fuel-injector or the fuel injector heater.

US Pat. No. 9,296,335

STANDBY VIRTUAL BUMPER FOR PARKED VEHICLE PROTECTION

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method of providing parked vehicle protection comprising:
determining if a vehicle ignition is in an off position;
monitoring an exterior area proximate to a vehicle with a plurality of sensors when the vehicle ignition is off to detect
an object proximate to the vehicle;

determining whether the object is within a first object range and providing a first external warning when the object is within
the first object range;

determining whether the object is within a second object range and providing a second external warning when the object is
within the second object range; and

taking a picture of the object when the object is within the second object range.

US Pat. No. 9,292,059

ROBUST MICROPROCESSOR RESET LATCH

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A microprocessor reset circuit comprising;
a regulated voltage signal;
a voltage sensor operable to sense a voltage on said regulated voltage signal, said voltage sensor having a sensed regulated
voltage output signal;

a power source voltage signal;
a power source voltage signal voltage sensor, operable to sense a voltage on said power source voltage signal, said power
source voltage signal sensor having a sensed power source voltage output signal;

a bistable latch circuit comprising first and second inputs and an output, the bistable latch circuit being configured to
receive said sensed regulated voltage output signal as an input signal to the first input, and configured to receive the sensed
power source voltage output signal as an input to the second input, the output of the bistable latch circuit being coupled
to a reset input of a microprocessor, the bistable latch circuit additionally comprising:

a first resistor and a first transistor, configured to invert the sensed regulated voltage output signal received at the first
input and thereby provide a sensed regulated voltage output signal complement;

a second resistor and a second transistor, configured to invert the sensed regulated voltage output signal complement and
provide at the output of the bistable latch circuit, the reset signal to the reset input of the microprocessor;

a third transistor configured to selectively connect a control input of said second transistor to ground, responsive to a
voltage level of said sensed power source voltage output signal received at the second input of the bistable latch, and which
is input to a control input of the third transistor; and

a feedback connection coupled between the output of the bistable latch circuit and a control input of said first transistor,
the feedback connection providing a feedback signal to the control input of said first transistor, said feedback signal causing
the bistable latch circuit to latch to one of two different values;

wherein said bistable latch circuit is operable to provide a reset signal to the reset input of the microprocessor responsive
to voltages on said first and second inputs of said bistable latch circuit.

US Pat. No. 9,449,610

SPEECH PROBABILITY PRESENCE MODIFIER IMPROVING LOG-MMSE BASED NOISE SUPPRESSION PERFORMANCE

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method of reducing noise in an audio signal received at a microphone for a wireless communications device having a transmitter,
the audio signal being represented by a plurality of consecutive frames of data, each consecutive frame representing a plurality
of consecutive samples of the received audio signal, the method comprising:
converting the audio signal received at the microphone to a plurality of consecutive frames of data representing the audio
signal;

calculating a first speech probability presence (SPP) factor for a first frame using a minimum mean square error (MMSE) calculation
and a signal-to-noise ratio of the audio signal of the frame previous to the first frame, the first SPP factor for the first
frame having a value ranging between a first minimum value and a second maximum value;

modifying the first SPP factor for the first frame by a sigmoid function having a first shape and an output value ranging
between a third minimum value and a fourth maximum value to provide a first warped SPP;

changing the first shape of the sigmoid function after the step of modifying the first SPP factor for the first frame, to
provide a sigmoid function having a second shape, which is different from the first shape; and

calculating a second SPP factor for a second frame using the first warped SPP, the second SPP factor for the second frame
having a value ranging between said first minimum value and said second maximum value;

modifying the second SPP factor for the second frame by the sigmoid function having the second shape to provide a second warped
SPP;

adjusting a gain applied to the second frame by an amount corresponding to the second shape of the sigmoid function to reduce
noise content in the second frame;

converting the reduced noise content second frame to an audio signal; and
providing the reduced noise content second frame to the transmitter of the wireless communications device;
wherein the received signal comprises a plurality of frequency bands and wherein the steps of calculating a SPP and modifying
the SPP are performed on each frequency band on a frequency band-by-frequency band basis and which provides a corresponding
number of warped SPP values, the method further comprising:

comparing each warped SPP value to a threshold value, which is substantially equal to a sum of the mean warped SPP values
and at least one standard deviation of all warped SPP values; and

if each warped SPP value is more than the threshold value, the value of the warped SPP value is substituted with a mean value
of all warped SPP values.

US Pat. No. 9,321,483

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MANEUVERING A VEHICLE-TRAILER UNIT IN REVERSE TRAVEL

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method of controlling the steering and path of a motor vehicle and a trailer connected thereto in a reverse direction
of travel, the vehicle having at least one axle with steerable wheels, the vehicle and trailer being connected at a hitch
point allowing rotational movement of the trailer relative to the vehicle, the method comprising the steps of:
providing an electronic processing unit configured to provide signals for controlling the steerable wheels via a powered steering
system operatively coupled to the steerable wheels;

providing a driver interface for receiving a directional input from a driver related to an intended direction of travel of
the trailer relative to the vehicle;

receiving, at the electronic processing unit, the directional input from the driver comprising the intended direction of travel
of the trailer relative to the vehicle;

receiving, at the electronic processing unit, information regarding a measure of orientation of the trailer relative to the
vehicle;

determining, at the electronic processing unit, whether the measure of orientation deviates from the intended direction of
travel of the trailer relative to the vehicle and determining a deviation; and

implementing a path-correcting measure, via the electronic processing unit, to command the powered steering system to steer
the wheels to correct the deviation by correcting the orientation of the trailer relative to the vehicle to correspond to
the intended direction of travel of the trailer relative to the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,240,780

PREVENTING VOLTAGE PULSE PROPAGATION IN A DISABLED CAPACITIVE FEEDBACK SLEW-CONTROLLED SWITCH

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A switching circuit, configured to prevent or at least reduce transient voltage propagation through a semiconductor switch,
the output voltage slew rate of which is controlled using capacitive feedback, the switching circuit comprising:
a three-terminal semiconductor switch having a first input terminal, which is configured to be coupled to a voltage source,
a first output terminal configured to be coupled to a load, and a first control terminal;

a turn off circuit having a second input terminal coupled to the first input terminal, a second output terminal coupled to
the first control terminal, and a second control terminal coupled to an on/off terminal for the switching circuit; and

a slew rate controlled turn on circuit having a third input terminal coupled to the first output terminal, a third output
terminal coupled to the first control terminal, and a third control input terminal coupled to the on/off terminal.

US Pat. No. 9,154,636

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR EMERGENCY REPORTING

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method of sending a message from a vehicle to an emergency call center, the method comprising: determining that a vehicle
air bag has deployed; when the vehicle air bag deployed, determining whether a first channel is communicatively coupled to
a cellular communication network, the first communication channel configured to preferentially transmit emergency messages
to the cellular communication network;
when the first communication channel is not communicatively coupled to the cellular communication network, attempting to transmit
an emergency message from the vehicle to the emergency call center over at least one of a plurality of available secondary
non-cellular communications channels used for communicating over a first of a plurality of different types of communication
protocols over which transmission of the emergency message is attempted when the first channel is not coupled to the cellular
network, the transmission of the emergency message from the vehicle via a secondary communication channel comprising:

receiving from an ordered list stored within the vehicle, at least one configuration parameter and an associated non-cellular
modulation scheme to be used on a non-cellular frequency for a first secondary communications channel of said plurality of
the different types of secondary non-cellular communication channels, the first secondary communication channel used for communicating
over a first of the plurality of different types of communication protocols;

configuring the first secondary non-cellular communication channel on the ordered list using the at least one configuration
parameter and the associated non-cellular modulation scheme to be used on a non-cellular frequency received for the first
secondary communications channel;

attempting to transmit the emergency message from the vehicle to the emergency call center over the configured first secondary
non-cellular communication channel, wherein, if the emergency message cannot be transmitted over the first secondary non-cellular
communication channel to the emergency call center, receiving from the ordered list, at least one configuration parameter
and an associated non-cellular modulation scheme to be used on a non-cellular frequency for a second secondary communications
channel of said plurality of the different types of secondary non-cellular communication channels, the second secondary communication
channel used for communicating over a second of the plurality of different types of communication protocols;

configuring the second secondary non-cellular communication channel on the ordered list using the at least one configuration
parameter and the associated non-cellular modulation scheme to be used on a non-cellular frequency received for the second
secondary communications channel;

attempting to transmit the emergency message from the vehicle to the emergency call center over the configured second secondary
non-cellular communication channel;

and, if the emergency message cannot be transmitted over the second secondary non-cellular communication channel to the emergency
call center, repeating the steps above of receiving, configuring and attempting to transmit the emergency message for the
other secondary non-cellular communication channels until the emergency message is transmitted to the emergency call center.

US Pat. No. 9,122,423

METHODS, SYSTEMS AND TOOLS FOR PROGRAMMING TIRE PRESSURE MONITORING SENSORS

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method of programming a tire pressure monitoring sensor of a vehicle wheel unit, comprising the steps of:
storing, in a hand-held programming tool, a database of identification codes, wherein the database of identification codes
includes a plurality of vehicle identification numbers (VINs), wherein each of the plurality of VINs includes an associated
make, model, or year of a vehicle, and wherein each of the plurality of VINs includes a reference to a program software associated
with one or more of the make, the model, or the year of the vehicle;

storing, in the hand-held programming tool, a database of program software, wherein the database of program software includes
a plurality of program software modules, and wherein each of the plurality of program software modules is identified by a
selected reference from the database of identification codes;

linking, by the hand-held programming tool, at least some of the plurality of program software modules to a manufacturer's
database;

periodically updating selected ones of the plurality of program software modules from the manufacturer's database;
obtaining a first identification information of a vehicle with the hand-held programming tool for a tire pressure monitoring
sensor of a vehicle wheel unit, wherein the first identification information of the vehicle is in an electronic form;

automatically retrieving a second identification information from the database of identification codes, wherein the second
identification information is in an electronic form;

automatically comparing the first identification information of the vehicle with the second identification information to
determine, from the database of identification codes, one or more of a make, a model, or a year of the vehicle;

selecting and obtaining a selected one of the plurality of program software modules associated with one or more of the make,
the model, or the year of the vehicle from the database of program software using the reference; and

automatically programming the tire pressure monitoring sensor of the vehicle wheel unit with the selected one of the plurality
of program software modules via a communication link that exists between the hand-held programming tool and the tire pressure
monitoring sensor of the vehicle wheel unit.

US Pat. No. 9,517,737

RELAY CONTROL BETWEEN POWER DISTRIBUTION CENTER AND BODY CONTROL MODULE

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A system for controlling electrical devices in a vehicle engine compartment, the vehicle comprising a passenger compartment
and a firewall separating the engine compartment and passenger compartment, the system comprising:
a plurality of relays located in the engine compartment, each relay being coupled to at least one load and controlling power
provided to said at least one load responsive to signals, which each relay receives from a relay controller, each load being
coupled to a diagnostic sense line, which carries signals indicating whether a relay coupled to a load is operational;

a relay controller located in the engine compartment, the relay controller being coupled to and controlling operation of said
relays, the relay controller having a plurality of outputs and a serial port, each output being coupled to a corresponding
relay and configured to actuate the relay responsive to a corresponding input signal received by the relay controller at its
serial port, the relay controller also having a plurality of inputs, the inputs being coupled to said diagnostic sense lines,
the relay controller being configured to receive signals on the diagnostic sense line and format signals received from the
diagnostic sense lines into serial signals that are output from the serial port;

a body control module located in the passenger compartment, the body control module having a serial port, configured to send
and receive signals between the serial port of the relay controller;

a serial data link passing through the firewall and coupling the body control module to the relay controller;
wherein the serial data link is configured to receive serial data from the body control module and provide serial data from
the body control module to the relay control module; and

wherein the serial data link is additionally configured to receive serial data from the relay control module and provide the
serial data from the relay control module to the body control module.

US Pat. No. 9,507,413

TAILORING VEHICLE HUMAN MACHINE INTERFACE

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method for tailoring a vehicle's steering sensitivity and a vehicle's accelerator pedal sensitivity, the method comprising:
determining a location of the vehicle from a navigation system;
determining the vehicle's surroundings and determining whether there are obstacles around the vehicle using RADAR;
analyzing map data and predicting from the location and the map data analysis, a condition of a road, which the vehicle will
encounter, ahead of where the vehicle is located;

determining an optimum configuration for the vehicle steering sensitivity and the vehicle accelerator pedal sensitivity responsive
to the road condition the vehicle will encounter, ahead of where the vehicle is located; and

changing the vehicle steering sensitivity and the vehicle accelerator pedal sensitivity, responsive to determining surroundings
and responsive to determining obstacles around the vehicle using RADAR, and in advance of encountering the road condition
the vehicle will encounter, responsive to the step of determining an optimum configuration for the vehicle steering sensitivity
and the vehicle accelerator pedal sensitivity.

US Pat. No. 9,402,164

CONFIGURABLE TRAFFIC ZONE CONTROL SYSTEM

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method of controlling wireless communications devices located in a vehicle, when the vehicle is in a particular traffic
zone, the method comprising:
receiving at a first receiver in the vehicle, a first wireless signal, which is transmitted from a first transmitter at a
location inside the particular traffic zone, the first wireless signal indicative of the existence of the particular traffic
zone;

receiving the first wireless signal at a wireless communications device disabler located in the vehicle, the wireless communications
device disabler being configured to receive the first signal and broadcast a different second signal, which when received
by a wireless communications device that is configured to receive the second signal, disables said wireless communications
device;

selectively broadcasting in the vehicle, the second wireless signal from the wireless communications device disabler, responsive
to receiving the first wireless signal, the second wireless signal being broadcast by a second transmitter comprising the
wireless communications device disabler and, which is also in the vehicle; and

detecting the second wireless signal at a wireless communications device located in the vehicle, the wireless communications
device being configured to be disabled responsive to receipt of the second wireless signal by said wireless communications
device;

wherein the first wireless signal does not include location information of the particular traffic zone.

US Pat. No. 9,360,668

DYNAMICALLY CALIBRATED HEAD-UP DISPLAY

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A head-up display system comprising:
a display unit including a projection unit configured to be positioned adjacent to a windshield, a display screen, and a controller,
the projection unit being operable to project a current image generated by the controller onto the display screen; and

a position sensor electrically coupled to the display unit and being operable to detect a position of an object with respect
to the display unit;

wherein the controller is configured to dynamically update the current image based upon the position, the system including
a display feedback camera electrically coupled to the controller and operable to generate a display feedback image corresponding
to the current image projected onto the display screen, wherein the controller is configured to dynamically update the current
image based upon the display feedback image, wherein the controller is configured to dynamically adjust a position of the
current image in response to detecting an obstruction within the display feedback image.

US Pat. No. 9,193,222

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CLONING TIRE PRESSURE MONITOR SYSTEM INFORMATION

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE SY...

1. A method of cloning a tire pressure monitoring system (TPMS) monitor, comprising:
receiving a first data transmission and a second data transmission from a TPMS monitor;
storing the first data transmission and the second data transmission;
comparing the first data transmission and the second data transmission, and identifying at least one changing portion of the
data transmission based upon the comparing;

receiving sensed data from a tire pressure sensor;
determining a data resolution from stored test data;
forming a third data transmission identical to the first data transmission and second data transmission, the third data transmission
including the at least one changing portion;

replacing the at least one changing portion of the third data transmission with the sensed data according to the data resolution;
transmitting the third data transmission.

US Pat. No. 9,153,886

PIN HEADER ASSEMBLY AND METHOD OF FORMING THE SAME

Continental Automotive Sy...

11. A method of forming a pin header assembly, the method comprising:
providing a base comprising an electric insulator;
forming a plurality of openings through the base; and
inserting a plurality of conductive pins through the openings until a shoulder portion of each pin limits further insertion
and a first portion of each pin extends suitably far beyond the base to connect to a printed circuit board through soldering
paste, wherein a press fit is formed between the conductive pins and the base through inward and outward movement of walls
of an engagement portion of each pin, the engagement portion defining an open cavity between the walls, the cavity having
a substantially hexagonal cross section, and the conductive pins extend from opposite sides of the base, the first portion
of each pin on one side of the base and a second portion of each pin on the other side of the base, the engagement portion
being between the first portion and the second portion, the second portion comprising a connector portion configured to engage
an electrical component and the shoulder portion configured to limit insertion of the pin through the base and ensure the
first portion extends suitably far beyond the base to connect to the printed circuit board through the soldering paste, the
first portion configured to pass through a corresponding opening in the base and connect to the printed circuit board through
the soldering paste, the printed circuit board being different from the electrical component and the base.

US Pat. No. 9,109,552

CANISTER PURGE VALVE WITH INTEGRATED VACUUM GENERATOR AND CHECK VALVES

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An integrated canister purge valve for a turbocharged vehicle engine, the valve comprising:
a valve member having a housing and being constructed and arranged to control vapor purge flow from a fuel tank and canister
structure to an air intake manifold,

a body coupled to the housing, the body defining an interior space,
structure separating the interior space into a first chamber and a second chamber isolated from the first chamber, the first
chamber having an inlet port and an outlet port,

a vacuum generator in the first chamber and in fluid communication with the inlet and outlet ports, the vacuum generator being
constructed and arranged to receive air from a turbocharger outlet, via the inlet port, to create a first vacuum when the
air passes through the vacuum generator, and to direct air to an inlet of the turbocharger, via the outlet port, to define
a scavenging air flow loop,

a first check valve in the first chamber between the vacuum generator and the valve member, and
a second check valve in the second chamber between the valve member and an manifold outlet port, the manifold outlet port
being constructed and arranged to be coupled to an intake manifold,

the first and second check valves being constructed and arranged such that 1) when the turbocharger is operating and the intake
manifold is under positive pressure, the second check valve closes, while the first check valve opens upon the vacuum generator
generating the first vacuum, to permit the purge flow to be drawn into the scavenging air flow loop and 2) in a naturally
aspirated condition, manifold vacuum closes the first check valve and opens the second check valve to divert all of the purge
flow through the manifold outlet port and to the intake manifold.

US Pat. No. 9,072,183

ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) component mounting device comprising:
a shielding printed circuit board (PCB) having at least a first routing layer and a second grounding layer, wherein said first
routing layer further comprises a plurality of EMC component mounts, the shielding printed circuit board further comprising
one of an outer crimpable circumference plated with an electrical conductor such that said grounding layer is electrically
connected to a motor housing when said shielding PCB is installed and a plurality of electrically conductive connection pads
disposed on said routing layer, and said pads are operable to electrically connect the grounding layer to a motor housing
when said shielding PCB is installed;

a bushing opening defined by the shielding PCB that is operable to receive a motor bushing; and
at least one terminal opening defined by the shielding PCB that is operable to receive motor connection terminals.

US Pat. No. 9,961,786

METHOD AND STRUCTURE FOR LIMITING COVER DEFLECTION IN AN ECU WHEN EXPOSED TO HIGH ALTITUDE ENVIRONMENTS

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An engine control unit (ECU) comprising:a housing,
a cover sealingly engaged with the housing,
a circuit board disposed in the housing,
support structure disposed in the housing between the cover and the circuit board so as to be adjacent to an inner surface of the cover,
at least one fastener coupling both the support structure and the circuit board to the housing, and
an adhesive bonding at least one portion of the support structure to at least one portion of the inner surface of the cover, the adhesive contacting and disposed between the at least one portion of the support structure and the inner surface of the cover,
wherein the support structure is constructed and arranged to limit deflection of the cover when internal pressure increases in the ECU,
wherein the circuit board includes a mounting bore there-through, and the support structure includes a mounting portion having a bore there-through, the at least one fastener extending through the bore of the support structure and through the mounting bore of the circuit board in threaded engagement with the housing, the mounting bore of the circuit board, the bore of the mounting portion of the support structure and the at least one fastener are disposed in a longitudinally and laterally central portion of the housing, and
wherein the at least one fastener comprises a single fastener.

US Pat. No. 9,493,170

METHOD FOR REDUCING FALSE ACTIVATIONS IN REVERSE COLLISION AVOIDANCE SYSTEMS

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A reverse collision avoidance system for a vehicle comprising:
at least one sensor mounted to the vehicle to detect objects proximate to a path of the vehicle;
a controller including instructions for:
analyzing data from the sensors to determine a current feature vector based upon data from the at least one sensor;
storing the current feature vector and associated object configuration for the environment in non-volatile memory for the
collision avoidance system;

comparing the current feature vector with previously stored feature vectors; and
selecting an object configuration representing the environment surrounding the vehicle based on the comparison of the current
feature vectors with previously stored feature vectors, wherein the probability that the detected object is an obstacle is
decreased when the current feature vector is matched to a previous feature vector and the detected object was previously identified
as not an obstacle.

US Pat. No. 9,259,980

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR DATA TRANSMISSIONS IN A TIRE PRESSURE MONITOR

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method of forming a burst of frames for transmission in a tire pressure monitoring system, the method comprising: adjusting
a number of frames in a burst such that a first optimal number of first frames from a first manufacturer are included in the
burst, the first optimal number of frames chosen to enable the detection of the burst by first receivers that are tuned to
receive the first frames from the first manufacturer;
adjusting the number of frames in the burst such that a second optimal number of second frames from a second manufacturer
are included in the burst, the second optimal number of frames chosen to enable detection of the burst by second receivers
that are tuned to receive the second frames from the second manufacturer;

wherein the number of frames in the burst maintains a configuration compliant with government regulations regarding one or
more of a burst length and a power emission, wherein the burst comprises an on-the-air signal and the on-the-air signal does
not exceed one second, wherein the burst is transmitted at a particular frequency and the average power does not exceed 67.5
db uV/m at three meters, and wherein the burst configuration cannot be changed by the user without a control program being
entirely re-programmed.

US Pat. No. 9,195,230

ELECTRONIC PATH ENTERING FOR AUTONOMOUS OR SEMI-AUTONOMOUS TRAILER BACKING

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method of controlling a backing system for a vehicle and trailer assembly comprising:
initiating a path input mode on an electronic input device associated with a control unit or a backing system;
inputting an intended backing path into a wireless handheld electronic device by moving the wireless handheld electronic device
over each leg of the intended backing path;

inputting the intended backing path into an electronic input device from the wireless handheld electronic device;
ending the path input mode on the electronic input device;
calculating with the electronic control unit at least one movement necessary for the vehicle and trailer assembly to follow
the intended backing path; and

instructing at least one vehicle system with the electronic control unit to perform the calculated at least one movement such
that the vehicle and trailer assembly move along the intended backing path to a final trailer position.

US Pat. No. 9,074,566

VARIABLE SPRAY INJECTOR WITH NUCLEATE BOILING HEAT EXCHANGER

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A variable spray injector with a heat exchanger comprising:
a loss component;
a texture surface configured to facilitate nucleate boiling heat transfer; and
a member adjacent to portions of the textured surface to define plurality of cavities, the member having an opening associated
with each cavity providing a fluidic and gaseous coupling between a fluid to be heated and the cavity.

US Pat. No. 9,499,016

VALVE STEM FOR COUPLING A TPMS WHEEL UNIT TO A WHEEL RIM, TPMS WHEEL UNIT AND VALVE STEM ASSEMBLY AND INSTALLATION THEREOF

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A TPMS assembly comprising:
a TPMS wheel unit mechanically coupled to a valve stem;
the valve stem comprising a bulb, an inner tubular member, and an outer tubular member;
the inner tubular member and the outer tubular member being fixedly attached to the bulb;
wherein the inner tubular member penetrates both ends of the outer tubular member through a cavity defined by the outer tubular
member and wherein an end of the inner tubular member distal from an attachment interface with the bulb extends beyond an
end of the outer tubular member and wherein the end of the outer tubular member is configured to receive a fastening mechanism
mechanically coupling the TPMS wheel unit to the valve stem and leaving substantially no gap between the bulb and the TPMS
wheel unit immediately prior to and during urging of the valve stem into a valve stem hole of a wheel rim.

US Pat. No. 9,435,280

END OF MOTION DETECTION CIRCUIT FOR DIESEL ENGINES

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A detection circuit for detecting end of motion of a diesel injection valve, the valve having a first coil for opening
the valve and a second coil for closing the valve, the detection circuit comprising:
a first threshold,
a first comparator constructed and arranged to receive a back electromotive feedback (BEMF) signal from the valve and compare
the BEMF signal to the first threshold,

a filter constructed and arranged to filter the BEMF signal thereby providing a filtered BEMF signal,
a second threshold,
a second comparator constructed and arranged to compare a difference between the BEMF signal and the filtered BEMF signal
to the second threshold, indicating an end of motion of the valve,

wherein an output of the first comparator and an output of the second comparator are joined to define an output signal and
wherein, the output signal is activated only when the BEMF signal is above the first threshold and when the difference between
the BEMF signal and the filtered BEMF signal is greater than the second threshold, and

a third comparator constructed and arranged to subtract the BEMF signal from a moving average of the filtered BEMF signal,
thereby defining said difference.

US Pat. No. 9,315,197

HANDS ACCELERATING CONTROL SYSTEM

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A touch free vehicle control system comprising:
a controller capable of controlling acceleration and braking of a vehicle; and
a gesture interface device having one or more touchless sensors being one of the group consisting of Leap Motion® and charge
coupled device that directly detect a one more gestures and a position of a driver's appendage within a range of movement
without any physical touching between said one or more touchless sensors and said driver's appendage, wherein said one or
more touchless sensors send a signal to said controller that is indicative of said one or more gestures and said position
of said driver's appendage within said range of movement, wherein different movements of said driver's appendage cause said
controller to generate different command signals from said controller; and

at least two or more spring loaded finger pedals positioned at a location relative to said one or more touchless sensors allowing
said one or more sensors to send a signal to said controller that is indicative of the position of said appendage, which is
a driver's finger within said range of movement, where a first one of the said two or more finger pedals are interpreted by
said controller to be one of said one or more gestures and defines a range of movement for an accelerator pedal and a second
of said two or more finger pedals is interpreted by said controller to be a second one of said one or more gestures and defines
a range of movement for a brake pedal, wherein depressing the accelerator causes said controller to cause acceleration of
said vehicle and depressing the brake pedal causes said controller cause braking of said vehicle based solely on said position
of said driver's finger in said range of movement, wherein said position of said driver's fingers within the range of movement
controls a magnitude of acceleration or a magnitude of braking.

US Pat. No. 9,102,269

FIELD OF VIEW MATCHING VIDEO DISPLAY SYSTEM

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A field of view matching video display system for a vehicle having a driver, the system comprising:
a tracking device comprising a plurality of cameras directed toward the driver's head at a corresponding plurality of different
angles, each camera providing image data that represents images of the driver's head from the different angles;

a movable rear-facing camera, having a field of view which changes responsive to lateral movement of the rear-facing camera
along an axis that is substantially parallel to an axle of the vehicle, wherein the rear-facing camera is configured to translate
along said axis laterally responsive to a determined angle of the driver's head, the rear-facing camera being additionally
configured to capture a second video image obtained from said rear-facing camera's field of view at different lateral positions
along said axis and provide a second video image signal representing the rear-facing camera's field of view at different lateral
positions;

a processing device, wherein the processing device is configured to:
analyze image data obtained from the first plurality of cameras and determine therefrom a head position of the driver in three
dimensions;

determine a first field of view for the driver based on the head position of the driver, the first field of view for the driver
being smaller than the rear-facing camera's field of view;

determine an obstructed portion of the driver's first field of view, the obstructed portion being caused by a field of view
obstruction that is located between the rear-facing camera and the driver;

obtain from the second video image, a third video image for presentation on a forward-facing display device located behind
the driver and in front of the field of view obstruction, the third video image being obtained by selectively cropping the
second video image responsive to the processing device determining a portion of the second video image needed to fill the
obstructed portion of the first field of view with an image of the first field of view without the field of view obstruction;
and

a forward-facing display device, configured to show the third video image.

US Pat. No. 9,820,399

KEY FOB WITH INTERNAL PRESSURE MANAGEMENT DIAPHRAGM

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A key fob comprising:
a housing comprising first and second portions, the first and second portions being sized, shaped and arranged such that when
they are attached to each other, they define and enclose a volume, which is substantially air-tight;

a communications device, inside the substantially air-tight volume;
an opening formed into the substantially air-tight volume and extending through one of the first and second portions;
a flexible diaphragm covering the opening and configured to deflect outwardly and inwardly, relative to pressure changes in
the substantially air-tight volume relative to ambient pressure.

US Pat. No. 9,499,144

ROLLING DISTANCE DETECTION SYSTEM AND STRATEGY FOR VEHICLE

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method of detecting and controlling a rolling distance of a vehicle from standstill, the vehicle including a tone wheel
having a plurality of encoding members spaced substantially evenly about a periphery thereof, each tone wheel being constructed
and arranged to rotate with an associated wheel; and a fixed speed sensor mounted generally adjacent to each tone wheel, the
vehicle including a brake system, the method comprising the steps of:
determining a travel distance between adjacent encoding members based on the number of encoding members and a tire circumference
of the wheel,

establishing a required rolling distance of a vehicle from standstill,
establishing maximum allowed interrupts per wheel, with an interrupt being defined as each instance an encoding member passes
an associated speed sensor, wherein the step of establishing maximum allowed interrupts per wheel comprises:

determining maximum allowed encoding members rolled by dividing the required rolling distance by the travel distance between
adjacent encoding members, and

based the maximum allowed encoding members rolled and hydraulic brake pressure build time, establishing the maximum allowed
interrupts per wheel to be a value less than a value of the maximum allowed encoding members rolled,

determining whether the vehicle is actually rolling from standstill,
once the vehicle is actually rolling from standstill, counting at each wheel, a number of interrupts, and
when the maximum allowed interrupts is counted at each wheel, supplying the brake system with pressure increase to return
the vehicle to, and hold the vehicle at, standstill prior to reaching the required rolling distance.

US Pat. No. 9,494,115

PUMP CONTROL APPARATUS AND METHOD

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A pumping system for use in a vehicle, the system comprising:
a pump, the pump being effective to transfer fuel into a fuel injection system of an engine;
a mechanical coupling device coupled to the pump;
a controller;
a cam shaft that couples to the mechanical coupling device, the cam shaft having an axis extending there through, the cam
shaft rotating about the axis, the rotating of the cam shaft being effective to engage the mechanical coupling device and
transfer a mechanical force created by the rotating to the mechanical coupling device;

such that the mechanical coupling device is engaged to allow the mechanical force to be transferred to the fuel pump and activate
the fuel pump when fuel is to be moved by the pump and such that the mechanical coupling device is disengaged to disallow
the mechanical force from being transferred to the fuel pump and prevent the operation of the fuel pump;

wherein the mechanical coupling device comprises a tappet, and the tappet includes a spring that couples to the fuel pump
and a rotating wheel that selectively couples to the cam shaft;

wherein the tappet further comprises a cavity that is separate from the fuel pump and the fuel injection system, the controller
being programmed to selectively filling the cavity with oil, the disposition of the oil in the cavity being effective to provide
a mechanical connection between the spring and the rotating wheel and allow the transfer of the mechanical force through the
tappet to the fuel pump and to move a piston in the fuel pump.

US Pat. No. 9,387,761

INSTRUMENT PANEL DISPLAY POINTER WITH A MOTOR AND RING GEAR

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An instrument panel display pointer comprising:
a base having at least three mounts;
a motor connected to said base;
a ring gear rotatably connected with and held to the base by the at least three mounts, wherein said ring gear is connected
to the motor so that activation of said motor rotates said ring gear and said ring gear has a pointer that moves when said
ring gear is rotated;

an electronic display mounted to the ring gear that rotates with the ring gear when the ring gear rotates; and
a flexible cable connected to the electronic display and configured to rotate with said ring gear.

US Pat. No. 9,285,403

RESISTANCE DETERMINATION FOR TEMPERATURE CONTROL OF HEATED AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENTS

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method comprising:
receiving a voltage-representation signal that is proportional to a voltage across a fuel injector heater component having
an electrical resistance;

receiving a current-representation signal that is proportional to an electrical current passing through the fuel injector
heater component;

pulse-width modulating the current-representation signal to generate a resistance-representation signal having a duty cycle,
the duty cycle being proportional to an amount of pulse width modulation that makes the current-representation signal approximately
equal to the voltage-representation signal the duty cycle also being substantially equal to a value of the electrical resistance
of the fuel injector heater component; and

low-pass filtering the pulse-width modulated resistance-representation signal; and
providing from the low-pass filtered, pulse-width modulated resistance-representation signal, an output signal that represents
a value of the electrical resistance of the fuel injector heater component.

US Pat. No. 9,273,581

PURGE SYSTEM FOR REDUCTANT DELIVERY UNIT FOR A SELECTIVE CATALYTIC REDUCTION SYSTEM

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a pumping mechanism;
an injector in fluid communication with the pumping mechanism, the injector including a valve portion movable between an open
position and a closed position; and

an injector driver constructed and arranged to cyclically control the valve portion during a single purge event 1) to cause
the valve portion to move to the closed position while the pumping mechanism generates a vacuum, and 2) to cause the valve
portion to move to the open position while the injector is under vacuum so that fluid is directed away from the injector.

US Pat. No. 9,245,397

INSTRUMENT GAUGE

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An instrument gauge comprising:
a gauge face;
a rotary portion located on the gauge face, the rotary portion including a rotary indicating element configured to rotate
between a first rotary position and a second rotary position to indicate a first range of values of a vehicle parameter;

a digital portion located on the gauge face including a digital indicating element configured to move between a first digital
position and a second digital position to indicate a second range of values of the vehicle parameter, wherein either the first
rotary position or the second rotary position substantially coincides with either the first digital position or the second
digital position to provide a continuous range scale for the vehicle parameter.

US Pat. No. 9,216,650

THIN GAUGE WITH SELF-EMITTING DISPLAY FOR HIDDEN POINTER

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A vehicle gauge assembly, comprising:
a gauge face having an electronic display, said electronic display being a self-illuminatable electronic display configured
for electronically generating graphical symbols indicative of a vehicle operating condition, said electronic display having
a permanent transparent portion there through; and

a pointer movable relative to said electronic display for indicating a current vehicle operating condition by pointing to
said graphical symbols electronically generated by said electronic display, only a portion of the pointer being viewable through
the permanent transparent portion;

said electronic display being a single display configured for electronically generating the graphical symbols radially inside
and radially outside of said permanent transparent portion.

US Pat. No. 9,205,376

AUTOMOTIVE ANTI-CONTAMINATION SYSTEM

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
an automotive anti-contamination system, including:
a container;
a solution disposed in the container;
a pump connected to the container such that the pump transfers the solution away from the container;
a valve in fluid communication with the pump; and
a controller for controlling the valve and the pump;
a first tube connected to and in fluid communication with the pump, and the first tube connected to and in fluid communication
with the valve

a coil portion formed as part of the first tube; and
an exhaust pipe, the coil portion being substantially wrapped around the exhaust pipe;
wherein the controller commands the pump to transfer the solution to the valve, the valve distributes the solution into an
exhaust gas stream of an exhaust system, the pump transfers the solution from the pump to the valve through the tube and the
solution is heated from exposure to the exhaust pipe as the solution flows through the coil portion.

US Pat. No. 9,161,327

ENHANCEMENT FOR POWER-DOWN SEQUENCE

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method of restoring wireless communications to a wireless communications device, after the device is powered down, the
method comprising:
receiving a power down message from a telematics controller of a vehicle in response to the vehicle being shut off;
initiating a power down sequence in response to receiving the power down message;
transmitting a power-down registration message to the network in response to initiating the power down sequence;
waiting for a network response message to the power down registration message;
if the network response message is received, powering down the device according to the power down sequence;
if the network response message is not received within a finite period of time, setting a flag within the device and powering
down the device according to the power down sequence;

wherein setting the flag comprises setting a value of at least one binary digit, the value of the binary digit when set indicating
whether the network response message was received or not received.

US Pat. No. 9,103,688

ADAPTING VEHICLE PERSONALITY USING ANALYZED DRIVER PERFORMANCE METRICS

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method of configuring a vehicle driving personality comprising:
determining driving capabilities of a vehicle's driver by comparing characteristics of how the vehicle is operated by the
driver over a first road segment, to known characteristics of the first road segment, the determination of the driving capabilities
being obtained from at least one of: (1) a plurality of driver health sensors, which are operatively coupled to a computer
that monitors signals output from the plurality of driver health sensors, the driver health sensors being configured to detect
autonomic nervous system activity of the driver that indicate at least one of a driver's alertness, agitation and comfort
level while operating the vehicle over the first road segment, and (2) at least one of: determining a speed at which the vehicle
was operated by the driver over the first road segment and comparing the speed at which the vehicle was operated over the
first road segment to a known speed limit for the first road segment; determining different road lanes in which the vehicle
was driven over the first road segment and comparing the lanes that were used by the driver over the first road segment to
the number of lanes on the first road segment; determining distances that the vehicle was driven in different road lanes over
the first road segment; determining the vehicle's brake pedal usage over the first road segment and comparing the brake pedal
usage to a known traffic congestion for the first road segment; determining lane changes made by the driver over the first
road segment and determining turn signal indicator operation for said lane changes; determining a direction and a rate at
which lane changes are made by the driver over the first road segment; and determining the time of day at which the vehicle
was driven over the first road segment to known traffic patterns for the first road segment, at different times of day, and

providing driving directions to the driver, which direct the driver to travel over a second road segment having known characteristics,
the second road segment being selected from a plurality of different road segments extending between a starting location and
a destination, the second road segment being selected responsive to the determined driving capabilities of the driver, the
driving directions provided to the driver being obtained from a computer coupled to a global positioning system and provided
through a user interface inside the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,097,225

METHOD TO DETECT PARTIAL FAILURE OF DIRECT-INJECTION BOOST VOLTAGE

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A power supply diagnostic circuit, comprising:
a switching power supply that generates a voltage for powering a fuel injector; and
an injector control module that selectively applies the voltage to the fuel injector and monitors a resultant electrical current
flow through the fuel injector, wherein the switching power supply includes a dual path circuit comprising two inductors,
two MOSFETs, and two diodes, and the injector control module determines whether one path of the dual path circuit is defective
based on the electrical current flow,
wherein the injector control module determines whether the one path is defective based on whether the electrical current flow
exceeds a predetermined current limit within a predetermined amount of time after the voltage is applied to the fuel injector
during high engine speed and dual fuel injection pulses.

US Pat. No. 9,509,225

EFFICIENT LLC RESONANT CONVERTER HAVING VARIABLE FREQUENCY CONTROL AND FIXED FREQUENCY PHASE-SHIFT PWM

Continental Automotive Sy...

8. An LLC resonant converter circuit, comprising:
an inverter circuit, the inverter circuit producing a first waveform and a second waveform that are summed into a third waveform;
a resonant filter coupled to the inverter circuit, the resonant filter receiving the third waveform and converting the third
waveform into a sinusoidal waveform;

a transformer isolator that converts the sinusoidal waveform from a first voltage to a second voltage;
a controller coupled to the inverter circuit;
a rectifier and output circuit coupled to the isolation transformer;
wherein the inverter is operated at an operational frequency by the controller and wherein the controller operates such that
the first waveform has a phase shift with respect to the second waveform;

wherein the controller is coupled to the output circuit, the controller configured to, based upon a maximum frequency of operation,
when the output voltage needs to be adjusted and the operational frequency is below the maximum frequency, adjust the operational
frequency of operation of the inverter circuit to adjust the output voltage to a desired value such that efficient operation
of a plurality of inverter transistors is maintained by operating at a frequency above a boundary condition and within a gain-versus-frequency
area bounded by a plurality q-value curves between a minimum gain and a maximum gain, wherein the plurality of q-value curves
each have distinct peak q-values relative to one another, and when the output voltage needs to be adjusted and the operational
frequency is above the maximum frequency, adjust the phase shift of the first waveform and the second waveform to adjust the
output voltage to a desired value.

US Pat. No. 9,310,349

SENSOR STRUCTURE FOR EVAP HYDROCARBON CONCENTRATION AND FLOW RATE

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An evaporative fuel vapor control system comprising:
a fuel supply for storing fuel that generates fuel vapor in the fuel supply,
an internal combustion engine constructed and arranged to be supplied with fuel from the fuel supply,
a vapor canister in fluid communication with the fuel supply to retain fuel vapor from the fuel supply, and in fluid communication
with the engine,

sensor structure comprising:
a body including a sensor portion and an integral tube portion, the tube portion defining a tube having first and second open
ends and a passage there-between, one of the ends being fluidly connected with an inlet or an outlet of the canister,

a hydrocarbon sensor in the sensor portion and constructed and arranged to determine hydrocarbon concentration of fuel vapor
in the tube,

a plate having a single, restrictive orifice there-through, the plate being disposed in the tube so that so fuel vapor must
pass through the orifice as the fuel vapor moves between the ends of the tube, and

pressure transducer structure in the sensor portion and constructed and arranged to determine pressure drop of the fuel vapor
across the orifice so as to obtain a flow rate of the fuel vapor through the tube,

a vapor control valve fluidly connected with an outlet of the canister and disposed between the engine and the canister, and
a controller electrically connected with the sensor structure and with the control valve such that when the controller receives
a signal from the sensor structure indicating the hydrocarbon concentration and the flow rate of the fuel vapor in the tube,
the controller is constructed and arranged to cause the control valve to control a flow of the fuel vapor to the engine and
to control injection valves that inject fuel into the engine, so that an amount of fuel injected into the engine is based
on the determined concentration of hydrocarbons in the fuel vapor.

US Pat. No. 9,202,316

EMERGENCY VEHICLE CLIMATE APPARATUS AND METHOD

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method, the method comprising:
receiving at least one temperature parameter from at least one temperature sensor and at least one air quality parameter from
at least one air quality sensor located in or at an electric or hybrid vehicle;

determining whether the driver is in the electric or hybrid vehicle;
determining whether a child or other passenger is in the electric or hybrid vehicle;
based upon the at least one temperature parameter, determining whether an abnormal temperature condition exists within or
at the electric or hybrid vehicle;

based upon the at least one air quality parameter, determining whether an abnormal air quality condition exists within or
at the electric or hybrid vehicle;

when one or more of the abnormal temperature condition or the abnormal air quality condition exist, when the driver is not
in the electric or hybrid vehicle, and when a child or other passenger is in the electric or hybrid vehicle, reaching a preliminary
determination at a processing unit that a potential actionable abnormal condition exists at or within the electric or hybrid
vehicle;

confirming at the processing unit that the potential actionable abnormal condition is an actual abnormal condition, the confirming
based upon an evaluation of multiple sensor readings from the at least one temperature sensor and the at least one air quality
sensor, at least two sensor readings being required to confirm that the actual abnormal condition exists;

when the actual abnormal condition is confirmed, at the processing unit enabling at least one vehicle component until one
or more of the abnormal temperature condition and the abnormal air quality condition no longer exist within the vehicle;

at the processing unit, measuring the time since the driver has left the vehicle;
from the processing unit, sending an alert message to a party that is not the driver when the measured time exceeds a threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,151,259

STEPPED ORIFICE HOLE

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
an orifice plate, including:
a flow entry side;
a flow exit side on the opposite side of the orifice plate as the flow entry side;
an axis extending through the center of the orifice plate; and
at least one exit aperture having an inner diameter and a depth, the at least one exit aperture extending from the flow entry
side to the flow exit side, through which fluid flows;

wherein the at least one exit aperture is disposed at an angle relative to the axis, and the at least one exit aperture is
of a depth that is about twice the size of the inner diameter, atomizing the fluid as the fluid flows through the at least
one exit aperture the at least one exit aperture further comprising:

a first stepped portion having an inner diameter;
a second stepped portion integrally formed with the first stepped portion, the second stepped portion having an inner diameter
which is smaller than the inner diameter of the first stepped portion; and

a third stepped portion integrally formed with the second stepped portion, the third stepped portion having and inner diameter
which is smaller than the inner diameter of the second stepped portion;

wherein the third inner diameter includes an aperture at the flow exit side, through which fuel flow through, the fuel being
atomized by the third stepped portion.

US Pat. No. 9,610,809

BAROMETRIC PRESSURE COMPENSATION FOR TIRE PRESSURE MONITORING SYSTEM TOOL

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method, the method comprising:
at a portable low frequency (LF) tool:
receiving a sensor reading of a tire pressure;
receiving inputs regarding barometric pressure from a source external from the portable LF tool;
determining a barometric pressure adjustment based upon the received inputs;
applying the adjustment to the reading of the tire pressure to form an adjusted pressure;
presenting the adjusted pressure to a user at the portable LF tool.

US Pat. No. 9,602,937

METHOD AND APPARATUS TO PROVIDE SURROUNDINGS AWARENESS USING SOUND RECOGNITION

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method of detecting and warning of a nearby hazard, the method comprising:
determining a current location from a global positioning system;
comparing the current location with stored locations of predetermined hazardous locations;
determining if the current location is within a predetermined distance of a predetermined hazardous location;
if the current location is within the predetermined distance of a hazardous location, issuing an audible warning through an
audio driver that a hazard is nearby;

if the current location is not within the predetermined distance of a hazardous location, then performing the steps of:
sampling audio frequency signals that are obtained from a microphone;
computing a Fast Fourier Transform of the sampled audio frequency signals to provide frequency domain representations of the
sampled audio frequency signals;

determining from frequency domain representations of sampled audio frequency signals, whether a predetermined number of periodic
signals are in predetermined frequency ranges, the predetermined frequency ranges corresponding to predetermined hazards;

if a predetermined number of periodic signals are within the predetermined frequency ranges, issuing an audible warning that
a hazard is nearby.

US Pat. No. 9,527,231

WIRE BUNDLE OVERMOLD STRUCTURE

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method of joining wire assemblies to define a wire harness comprising the steps of: providing a mold assembly having
a plurality of surface features therein to define an overmold structure, placing a portion of at least two individual and
unconnected wire assemblies into the mold assembly, closing the mold assembly, during a molding process, injecting uncured
material into the mold, permitting the material to cure to define the overmold structure fixed to and joining the at least
two wire assemblies, and removing the portions of the wire assemblies from the mold with the overmold structure thereon to
define a wire harness, with opposing ends of the wire assemblies being free from covering by the overmold structure, wherein
the overmold structure includes a plurality of recesses therein, each recess being disposed between a pair of generally annular
overmold members, wherein the overmold members are connected with each other at a connection portion, and wherein each overmold
member includes a cutout generally adjacent to the connection portion.

US Pat. No. 9,487,054

INTEGRATION SYSTEMS, METHODS AND DEVICES FOR TIRE PRESSURE MONITORING SENSORS

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method of integrating a tire pressure monitoring sensor (12) with a tire pressure monitoring system (14) of a vehicle (16), comprising the steps of:
at a computer that is physically separate from a configuration tool, selecting a vehicle-type by a user;
storing the vehicle type in a memory at the computer;
searching a database using the vehicle type to obtain one or more software modules that are suitable for the vehicle type;
at the computer, displaying identities of the one or more software modules, each of the one or more software modules being
used in one or more tire pressure monitoring systems and operable with a one or more vehicle-types;

selecting by a user with the computer (20) and from the one or more software modules a program software for a tire pressure monitoring sensor (12) of a tire pressure monitoring system (14) of a vehicle (16), the selected program software corresponding to and suitable for the vehicle-type of the vehicle;

transmitting the selected program software from the computer (20) to the configuration tool (18) for the tire pressure monitoring sensor (12); and

utilizing the selected program software to integrate the tire pressure monitoring sensor (12) with the tire pressure monitoring system (14) of the vehicle (16).

US Pat. No. 9,431,998

FAST RESPONSE HIGH-ORDER LOW-PASS FILTER

Continental Automotive Sy...

9. A fast-response high-order low-pass filter circuit comprising:
a plurality of low pass filter (LPF) poles that are connected in series for low pass filtering an analog signal;
a forward bypass channel that includes a first transistor, a second transistor, and a resistor, which is configured to conduct
at a first predetermined voltage and to provide a first impedance; and

a reverse bypass channel that includes the first transistor, the second transistor, and the resistor, which is configured
to conduct at a second predetermined voltage and to provide a second impedance wherein the forward and reverse bypass channels
are arranged to bypass current around at least one of the plurality of LPF poles when a voltage difference across the at least
one of the plurality of LPF poles exceeds one of the first predetermined voltage and the second predetermined voltage, wherein
the magnitudes of the first and second predetermined voltages are equal.

US Pat. No. 9,322,909

NEGATIVE OBSTACLE DETECTION WITH STEREO CAMERA AND LONG RANGE RADAR

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A negative obstacle detection system for a vehicle comprising:
a stereo camera mountable to the vehicle to provide a forward facing image;
a range radar mountable to the vehicle to emit a signal in a forward direction from the vehicle;
an electronic control unit to receive data from the stereo camera and the radar to determine if a negative obstacle may be
located in a forward proximity to vehicle;

performing with the electronic control unit a first detection analysis on an image provided by the stereo camera;
performing with the electronic control unit a second detection analysis on the image provided by the stereo camera;
performing with the electronic control unit a third detection analysis on a signal received by the radar; and
utilizing the first detection analysis, the second detection analysis, and the third detection analysis to determine with
the electronic control unit whether a negative obstacle is present in a forward proximity to the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,248,706

APPARATUS FOR COUPLING A TPMS WHEEL UNIT AND A VALVE STEM INTO AN ASSEMBLY, THE ASSEMBLY AND INSTALLATION THEREOF

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A TPMS assembly comprising:
a TPMS wheel unit, the TPMS wheel unit comprising a wall;
a valve stem, the valve stem comprising a bulb;
an elastic member, the elastic member configured to counteract in response to mechanical communication between the bulb and
the wall; and

a fastening mechanism, the fastening mechanism coupling the valve stem, the TPMS wheel unit and the elastic member.

US Pat. No. 9,212,591

USING RESISTANCE EQUIVALENT TO ESTIMATE HEATER TEMPERATURE OF AN EXHAUST GAS AFTER-TREATMENT COMPONENT

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method comprising:
differentially measuring a voltage drop across an electronic-catalyst heater of an exhaust gas after-treatment component;
measuring an amount of electrical current passing through the electronic-catalyst heater;
generating a voltage equivalent heater resistance signal, by determining a division equivalent of dividing the differentially
measured voltage drop across the electronic-catalyst heater by the measured amount of electrical current passing through the
electronic-catalyst heater;

comparing the voltage equivalent heater resistance signal to a resistance reference value signal to generate an equivalent
temperature rise signal;

integrating the equivalent temperature rise signal over time;
comparing the equivalent temperature rise signal integrated over time to a temperature reference value to generate a temperature
control signal, which is configured to turn off the electronic-catalyst heater when the comparison of the equivalent temperature
rise signal integrated over time to the temperature reference value indicates that the electronic-catalyst heater is hotter
than a threshold temperature.

US Pat. No. 9,161,411

LED DRIVER FOR VEHICLE DISPLAY ILLUMINATION

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A vehicle display illumination system comprising:
a controller including a controller serial peripheral interface (SPI) connection;
at least one constant current source having a current source SPI connection, wherein the controller SPI connection is communicatively
coupled to the current source SPI connection, the at least one constant current source further comprising a plurality of output
current channels, and the at least one constant current source including a voltage input connected to a variable voltage vehicle
power source;

a plurality of light sources, wherein each of said light sources is connected to at least one of said plurality of output
current channels; and

wherein said controller includes a memory storing instructions operable to cause the controller to alter an output current
on at least one of said output current channels thereby altering at least one of a brightness and a color of a corresponding
light source in response to a received status from another vehicle system.

US Pat. No. 9,157,545

AUTOMOTIVE AIR BYPASS VALVE

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An air bypass valve for a vehicle comprising:
a solenoid assembly comprising:
a magnetic housing,
a coil bobbin in the magnetic housing, the coil bobbin having a bore there-through,
a coil disposed about the coil bobbin, the coil being constructed and arranged to be energized to provide a magnetic field,
and

a magnetic flux ring coupled with the magnetic housing and securing the coil bobbin in the magnetic housing,
an armature and seal assembly comprising:
an armature structure having a portion received in the bore of the coil bobbin, the armature structure being constructed and
arranged to move with respect to the solenoid assembly from a closed position to an open position in response to the magnetic
field generated by the coil, and

a seal structure coupled with armature structure so that the seal structure can rotate with respect to the armature structure,
the seal structure having a sealing edge constructed and arranged to seal with a manifold component when the armature structure
is in the closed position thereof,

a spring biasing the armature structure to the closed position, and
a main housing covering the magnetic housing.

US Pat. No. 10,071,684

LIGHT GUIDE ASSEMBLY

Continental Automotive Sy...

12. A vehicle display assembly for a vehicle having a steering wheel with a spoke extending between a hub and a rim, the display assembly, comprising:at least one light source integrated into the spoke; and
at least one flexible light guide disposed within a space between the hub, Rim and spoke, the flexible light guide configured to be illuminated by the light source in at least first, second, and third colors, the light guide configured to emit light from the at least one light source therefrom,
wherein the vehicle display assembly is configured to illuminate the flexible light guide in the first color in a first mode, the vehicle display assembly being configured to illuminate the flexible light guide in the second color in a second mode, and the vehicle display assembly being configured to illuminate the flexible light guide in the third color in a third mode.

US Pat. No. 9,581,471

GAUGE WITH MULTIPLE COLOR POINTER TIP

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A gauge assembly, comprising:
a reflector portion having a plurality of chambers representing a predetermined range of a vehicle operating parameter, each
chamber having one of a plurality of light sources;

a dial portion having a gauge surface including graphics on the gauge surface representing the vehicle operating parameter,
said dial portion positioned above said reflector portion;

a pointer assembly supported for movement about an axis to indicate a current condition of the vehicle operating parameter
by pointing to a specific location on the gauge surface, said pointer assembly including a pointer arm extending away from
a hub;

a fifth light source for backlight illumination of said reflector portion;
a first light source for illuminating a first half of said pointer arm, said first half extending away from said hub to a
midpoint of said pointer arm;

a prism located in a second half of said pointer arm, said second half extending away from said midpoint to a tip of said
pointer arm, wherein said prism is at a predetermined angle to reflect light from a respective one of said plurality of light
sources when said second half of said pointer arm is positioned above a respective one of said plurality of chambers; and

a light isolation portion having one or more steps formed through the pointer arm, wherein the one or more steps prevents
light received by said first half from entering said second half of said pointer arm and prevents light received by said second
half from entering said first half of said pointer arm.

US Pat. No. 9,376,101

ALL-WHEEL DRIVE TORQUE VECTORING BY ELECTRONIC BRAKE SYSTEM CONTROL

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A control system for an all-wheel drive vehicle comprising:
a powertrain system configured to provide a desired torque differential to inner wheels and outer wheels;
a brake system configured to apply a differential braking torque to the inner wheels and the outer wheels; and
a control module controlling the differential torques provided by the powertrain and brake systems, wherein the control module
controls the powertrain system to apply a first differential torque to the outer wheels and concurrently controls the brake
system to apply a second differential torque to the inner wheels followed by application of a positive powertrain torque to
offset deceleration effects from the second different torque applied by the brake system.

US Pat. No. 9,366,355

SEALED ARMATURE BALL TUBE ASSEMBLY

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a valve assembly, including:
a valve operable for changing between an open position and a closed position;
a tube;
a first valve member connected to an end of the tube;
a second valve member, the first valve member selectively in contact with the second valve member;
at least one heat affected zone located on a portion of the first valve member, the tube and the first valve member cooperating
to prevent fluid from contacting the heat affected zone through the end of the tube;

an armature having a small diameter portion, a first end of the tube connected to the small diameter portion;
a cavity formed as part of the tube, wherein the cavity is located between the armature and the first valve portion;
a plurality of upper exit apertures formed as part of the armature, wherein a diesel exhaust fluid passes through the upper
exit apertures, around the outside of the tube, and around the first valve member and through the second valve member, exiting
the valve portion,

wherein the armature prevents the diesel exhaust fluid from entering the cavity.

US Pat. No. 9,365,151

INCREASING POINTER BRIGHTNESS TO INDICATE WARNING LEVEL

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A vehicle instrument gauge with warning telltales comprising:
a speedometer having a gauge surface area with said two or more indicia indicating various vehicle speeds and a warning indicia;
an illuminated marker positionable between the two or more indicia on the viewing surface area, wherein said illuminated marker
has a nominal luminescence mode, a range or increased luminescence mode, maximum luminescence mode, and flashing mode,

a controller connected to said speedometer for controlling the position of said illuminated marker among said two or more
indicia; and

a GPS connected to said controller, wherein said GPS provides input to said controller that indicates the speed limit where
the vehicle is currently driving, wherein said controller compares the speed limit information provided from the GPS with
the vehicles current speed and causes said illuminated marker to operate in a maximum luminescence mode when the current vehicle
speed matches the posted vehicle speed and the illuminated marker operates in a normal luminescence mode when the vehicle
is not moving and then as the illuminated marker move toward the posted vehicle speed, the illuminated marker operates in
a range of increased luminescence mode where the illuminated marker will begin to brighten over the range of luminescence
until the illuminated marker reaches the posted vehicle speed, where the controller commands the illuminated marker to operate
in maximum luminescence mode, and the controller will command the illuminated marker to operate in flashing mode if the vehicle
speed exceeds the posted vehicle speed.

US Pat. No. 9,260,903

HIGH RESOLUTION MOTOR SPEED FOR CLOSED-LOOP SPEED CONTROL

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An apparatus for controlling the rotation speed of a direct-current motor armature, which is coupled to an adjustable power
supply, the apparatus comprising:
a voltage sensor coupled to the armature and configured to provide a signal representing voltage across said armature;
a current sensor configured to provide a signal representing current flowing through said armature;
a Hall-effect sensor configured to detect rotation of the armature;
a processor coupled to the Hall-effect sensor, the voltage sensor and the current sensor;
a non-transitory memory device coupled to the processor and storing program instructions, which when executed cause the processor
to:

determine current through the armature from the current sensor;
determine voltage across the armature from the voltage sensor;
obtain at least first and second output signals from the Hall-effect sensor;
determine an armature rotation speed estimate from at least one output signal from the Hall-effect sensor;
determine a mathematical model for the direct current motor from the current flowing through the armature, the voltage across
the armature and the armature rotation speed estimate;

after the mathematical model is determined, calculate armature rotation speed between signals from the Hall-effect sensor
using the mathematical model; and

adjust at least one of the voltage and current provided to the armature by the power supply responsive to a armature rotation
speed that is calculated using the mathematical model.

US Pat. No. 9,206,772

ARTICULATING POPPET TO SEAL A NATURAL VACUUM LEAK DETECTION DEVICE

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An apparatus comprising:
an articulated valve for use with a natural vacuum leak detection (NLVD) device, the articulated valve including:
a poppet stem portion;
a poppet portion supported by the poppet stem portion such that the poppet portion articulates relative to the poppet stem
portion, providing a sealing function when the NLVD device is in a closed position;

a poppet flange formed as part of the poppet portion;
a flange portion formed as part of the poppet stem portion;
a support surface formed as part of the flange portion;
a lower surface formed as part of the flange portion, the lower surface in contact with a resilient element for biasing the
poppet valve toward a closed position;

an enlarged diameter portion integrally formed as part of the poppet stem portion, the enlarged diameter portion being at
least partially surrounded by the resilient element such that the resilient element biases the poppet stem portion and the
poppet portion toward the closed position;

a lower stem portion integrally formed with the enlarged diameter portion;
a plurality of ribs integrally formed on the outer surface of the lower stem portion; and
a friction spring in contact with at least one of the plurality of ribs for providing the proper amount of damping effect,
as the poppet stem portion and the poppet portion move between an open position and a closed position;

wherein the poppet flange is selectively supported by the support surface of the flange portion, and allows for the poppet
flange to articulate relative to the flange portion.

US Pat. No. 9,208,629

GARAGE DOOR OPEN ALERT

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An apparatus for determining whether a vehicle is in a garage and determining whether an overhead garage door is open or
closed, the apparatus comprising:
a processor;
a first parking sensor coupled to the processor, configured to determine a distance between a first end of the vehicle and
a first object;

a second parking sensor coupled to the processor, configured to determine a distance between a second end of the vehicle and
a second object;

a wireless transmitter coupled to the processor, configured to wirelessly transmit a message responsive to a signal received
from the processor;

a geographic location determiner coupled to the processor and configured to determine a geographic location of the vehicle;
a wheel sensor coupled to the processor, configured to count rotations of a vehicle wheel;
a non-transitory memory device coupled to the processor and storing program instructions for the processor, which when executed
cause the processor to:

determine a geographic location of the vehicle relative to the garage;
determine whether the vehicle is inside the garage from a count of wheel rotations and the determined geographic location;
determine a first distance between a first end of the vehicle and a garage wall when the vehicle is parked in the garage;
determine a second distance between a second end of the vehicle and the garage door when the overhead garage door is known
to be closed;

at a first pre-determined time after determining the second distance, determine a third distance between the first end of
the vehicle and the garage wall;

after determining the third distance, determining a fourth distance between the second end of the vehicle and the garage door
when the door is known to be closed;

if the third distance is substantially equal to the first distance and if the fourth distance is substantially greater than
the second distance, said program instructions cause the processor to control the wireless transmitter to transmit a garage
door open message.

US Pat. No. 9,139,092

INSTRUMENT CLUSTER AND DASH INTEGRATION

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An instrument cluster assembly for a vehicle including a dashboard, the instrument cluster comprising: at least two gauges
providing information relating to vehicle operation, wherein the at least two gauges are spaced apart to define an open space
therebetween: a housing configured for mounting onto a top surface of a dashboard, whereby the housing defines a top visible
surface of the dashboard in an installed condition and supports the at least two gauges and includes an opening through the
top visible surface corresponding with the open space between the at least two gauges; and an electronic display for emitting
an image viewable as a virtual image separated from the electronic display, wherein the electronic display is supported within
the housing in the open space defined between the at least two gauges and the virtual image is viewable within the open space
between the at least two gauges.

US Pat. No. 9,065,445

VOLTAGE CLAMP ASSIST CIRCUIT

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A transistor driven load circuit comprising:
a gate driver transistor including an internal voltage clamp;
a controller providing a gate control signal operable to control a state of said gate driver;
a load connected to said gate driver, such that said gate driver allows power to flow through said load when said gate driver
is in an on state and prevents power from flowing through said load when said gate driver is in an off state;

a clamp assist circuit connected in electrical parallel to said load, wherein said clamp assist circuit is operable to dissipate
energy flowing through said load during a high energy event in a recirculating device; and
wherein the clamp assist circuit is a pulsed clamp assist circuit comprising a voltage divider operable to set an on threshold
for a recirculating device and an oscillator circuit operable to pulse said recirculating device when said on threshold is
exceeded.

US Pat. No. 9,589,677

STEPPER POINTER

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A gauge assembly comprising:
a gauge surface including graphics representing a vehicle operating parameter;
a pointer supported for movement about an axis to indicate a current condition of the vehicle operating parameter by pointing
to a specific location on the gauge surface, said pointer including a pointer arm extending away from a hub;

an illumination source for illuminating said pointer arm; and
said pointer arm including a reflecting surface for reflecting light received from said illuminating source into the length
of said pointer arm; said pointer arm also including a first illuminated viewing surface and a second surface to which light
from said reflecting surface is at least partially reflected, the second surface including a step portion in an operative
portion of the second surface for reducing light received by said second surface adjacent the step portion and providing an
overall even light throughout the operative illuminated viewing surface.

US Pat. No. 9,583,833

RESONANT COMPOUND ANTENNA STRUCTURE

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A resonant structure comprising:
an inductive section configured to inductively couple to an interior antenna, the inductive section comprising a first u-shaped
end section, a u-shaped middle section, and a second u-shaped end section arranged in series in an electrically conductive
path, wherein the first and the second u-shaped sections are configurable to adjust the inductance of the resonant structure,
the interior antenna configured to be contained in a device package; and

a capacitive section configured to capacitively couple to a ground plane so as to resonate in combination with the ground
plane at a desired frequency, the ground plane being comprised in a vehicle chassis, the capacitive section further configured
to be penetrated by an electrically conductive fastener, the electrically conductive fastener fastening the capacitive section
to the ground plane via a dielectric penetrated by the electrically conductive fastener;

the inductive section and the capacitive section being communicatively coupled to each other.

US Pat. No. 9,573,591

SYSTEM AND METHOD UTILIZING DETECTED LOAD FOR VEHICLE HANDLING

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method of controlling drivability of a vehicle comprising the steps of:
detecting an overall load acting on the vehicle,
obtaining a mass of the vehicle or an estimate thereof,
determining, in a controller, whether the vehicle is negotiating a curve during a driving situation,
if the vehicle is negotiating a curve during the driving situation, determining, in the controller, whether the vehicle has
a tendency to oversteer or to understeer, and

dynamically changing, independent of vehicle drive torque and braking, the aerodynamic load acting on the vehicle by controlling
aerodynamic components of the vehicle or dynamically adjusting, independent of the vehicle drive torque, a suspension stiffness
of the vehicle to reduce the tendency of the vehicle to oversteer or to understeer.

US Pat. No. 9,497,528

COTALKER NULLING BASED ON MULTI SUPER DIRECTIONAL BEAMFORMER

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. In a vehicle having a driver and a passenger and first and second, spatially separated microphones, both of which detect
sounds from both the passenger and driver, the first microphone being separated from the driver by a first distance, the second
microphone being separated from the driver by a second distance, a method for suppressing sounds that emanate from the passenger,
the method comprising:
locating a driver in the vehicle by determining a direction from which sound from the driver is loudest;
locating a passenger in the vehicle by determining a direction from which sound from the passenger is loudest;
subtracting from sound that comes from the driver, sound that comes from the passenger;
the directions of where the driver is located and where the passenger is located being determined by first and second directionally-selective
microphone beams, one of which is directed toward the driver, the other of which is directed toward the passenger, the first
microphone beam being directed at the driver and formed by steps comprising:

selectively detecting at both microphones, a first sound that emanates from the passenger, the first sound comprising a first
plurality of frequency components, each frequency component having a corresponding signal level;

processing the first sound to identify a first frequency component of the first sound and to determine a maximum signal level
for the first frequency component;

selectively detecting at both microphones, a second sound that emanates from the driver, the second sound comprising a second
plurality of frequency components, wherein selectively detecting at both microphones, the second sound that emanates from
the driver further comprises:

receiving an audio signal at the first microphone, which is closer to the driver than the second microphone;
processing the audio signal received at the first microphone to generate a digital representation of a first predetermined
portion of the audio signal, the digital representation of the first predetermined portion being generated at a first point
in time;

storing the digital representation of the first predetermined portion;
receiving the audio signal at the second microphone, which is spatially separated from the first microphone by a predetermined
distance;

processing the audio signal received at the second microphone in order to generate a digital representation of a second predetermined
portion of the audio signal, the digital representation being of the second predetermined portion being generated at a later,
second point in time;

storing the digital representation of the second predetermined portion of the audio signal; and
selectively combining the digital representation of the second predetermined portion of the audio signal with the digital
representation of the first predetermined portion at predetermined different times thereby effectuating a directionally selective
reception of sounds from a plurality of different directions;

processing representations of the first sound and processing representations of the second sound to suppress from the second
sound, frequency components that are detected in the first sound, and which have a maximum signal level below a predetermined
threshold level;

receiving at the first and second microphones a second audio signal that emanates from a passenger;
processing the second audio signal received at the first and second microphones in order to generate a directionally-selected
second audio signal from the passenger; and

processing the first audio signal to remove components of the second audio signal there from.

US Pat. No. 9,399,975

SOLENOID FLUID INJECTOR WITH CORROSION PREVENTION STRUCTURE

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A fluid injector having an inlet, an outlet, and a passageway providing a fluid flow conduit from the inlet to the outlet,
the fluid injector comprising:
a valve structure movable in the passageway between a first position and a second position, the valve structure including
a hollow tube having a longitudinal axis and a valve member connected to an end of the tube by a weld, with a weld zone being
defined inside of the tube generally adjacent to the weld, the tube having surfaces defining a through-hole that is disposed
transversely with respect to the longitudinal axis of the tube, the through-hole being constructed and arranged to permit
the fluid to enter an interior of the tube,

a seat, at the outlet, having at least one seat passage in communication with the passageway, the seat contiguously engaging
a portion of the valve member in the first position thereby closing the at least one seat passage and preventing fluid from
exiting the at least one seat passage, the valve member, in the second position of the valve structure being spaced from the
at least one seat passage so that fluid can move through the passageway and exit through the at least one seat passage, and

corrosion prevention structure disposed in the tube between the through-hole and the valve member, constructed and arranged
to prevent the fluid in the tube from accessing the weld zone.

US Pat. No. 9,182,455

DLA ROTOR FLUX DENSITY SCAN METHOD AND TOOL

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method for measuring the magnetic flux and run out of a surface, comprising the steps of:
providing a digital linear actuator (DLA);
providing a rotor, the rotor being part of the DLA;
providing a magnet connected to and circumscribing the rotor, the magnet having an outer surface;
providing a plot having the magnet flux density of the magnet, and the run out of the magnet;
providing a first section of the outer surface wherein the first section to be a first central median bisecting plane located
on the outer surface of the rotor;

providing a second section of the outer surface, the second section to be a second central median bisecting plane located
on the outer surface of the rotor, wherein the second section to be at the opposite end of the magnet as the first section;

providing a non-contact measurement sensor for measuring the run out on the first section of the outer surface of the magnet,
and for measuring the run out on the second section of the outer surface of the magnet;

providing a gauss probe for measuring the magnet flux density generated in proximity to the first section of the outer surface
of the magnet, and for measuring the magnet flux density generated in the second section of the outer surface of the magnet;

simultaneously measuring the run out and the magnet flux density of the rotor;
plotting the run out and the magnet flux density are together on the plot to correlate the measurements of the run out and
the magnet flux density;

measuring the magnet flux density in the first section and in the second section using the gauss probe;
measuring the run out in the first section and in the second section using the non-contact measurement sensor;
plotting the magnet flux density measured in the first section and in the second section on the plot; and
plotting the run out measured in the first section and the second section on the plot.

US Pat. No. 9,537,460

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR AUTOMATIC GAIN CONTROL

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method for automatic gain control of speech signals, the method comprising:
receiving a speech signal at an input;
computing a power level for a first speech frame that is obtained from the speech signal received at the input;
determining a slow envelope tracking estimate of the computed power level for at least the first speech frame,
wherein determining the slow envelope tracking estimate of the computed power level for at least the first speech frame further
comprises following a rising signal edge faster than following a falling signal edge;

determining a fast envelope tracking estimate of the computed power level for at least the first speech frame,
wherein determining the fast envelope tracking estimate of the computed power level for at least the first speech frame further
comprises detecting rising speech signal power levels more rapidly than detecting falling speech signal power levels;

comparing the slow envelope tracking estimate to the fast envelope tracking estimate;
determining a speech frame to be speech that is starting, when the fast envelope tracking estimate increases faster than the
slow envelope tracking estimates and determining a speech frame to be speech that is ending, when the fast envelope tracking
estimate decreases faster than the slow envelope tracking estimate;

estimating a peak power level for speech in the first speech frame, the peak power level in a frame being determined responsive
to a determination of speech being in the first speech frame

adjusting a gain provided to a speech signal during a second speech frame responsive to determining an estimate of the speech
peak power level for the first speech frame, the gain adjustment provided to the second speech frame being made while speech
is present in the speech signal and approximately equal to a quotient of a desired output power level of the speech signal
and the computed power level of the first speech frame;

detecting a speech pause associated with an electrical envelope and not applying the gain adjustment while speech is not present
thereby preventing amplifying noise more than amplifying speech when background noise is present and speech is not present;
and

presenting an amplified speech signal at the output;
wherein said method is performed by a processor.

US Pat. No. 9,527,528

TRAILER RADIUS INDICATION

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method of preventing damage to a vehicle during a forward moving curve comprising the steps of:
providing a forward moving vehicle having a vehicle length, a vehicle width; a vehicle velocity, a current vehicle yaw rate,
a current vehicle lateral acceleration and two or more wheels wherein at least one of the two or more wheels pivot to one
or more wheel angles to cause the vehicle to move or turn around a curve along a current forward path of travel;

providing a vehicle steering control system on the vehicle for controlling the pivot of the two or more wheels to said one
or more wheel angles;

providing one or more velocity sensors for communicating velocity signals indicative of the speed of the vehicle;
providing an object detection system on the vehicle capable of sending object detection signals;
providing a driver feedback device on the vehicle;
providing an electronic control unit (ECU) in the vehicle for receiving inputs from the vehicle steering control system, vehicle
velocity sensors, the object detection system and sending signals to the driver feedback device;

generating steering signals from the vehicle steering control system to the ECU, wherein the steering signals control the
one or more wheel angles;

inputting current vehicle yaw rate and current vehicle lateral acceleration to the ECU;
generating the object detection signals from the objected detection system to the ECU;
generating the velocity signals from the one or more velocity sensors to the ECU;
inputting the vehicle length and vehicle width data to the ECU, wherein the vehicle length data and the vehicle width data
is provided by the driver or by the exterior object detection system that is capable of determining the length of the vehicle;

calculating the current forward path of travel of the vehicle based on the vehicle length, the vehicle width, the vehicle
velocity, the current vehicle yaw rate, the current vehicle lateral acceleration and the steering signals indicative of the
one or more wheel angles;

determining, using the ECU whether the current forward path of travel is a safe path or unsafe path by evaluating the current
forward path of travel, object detection signals and vehicle length, wherein an unsafe path is determined when the path of
travel will cause the vehicle to collide with the one or more objects detected by the object detection system and a safe path
of travel is determined when the vehicle will not collide with one or more objects detected by the object detection system;

sending a warning signal to the driver feedback device when an unsafe path of travel has been determined by the ECU, wherein
the driver feedback device will activate in order to convey that an unsafe path has been determined by the ECU;

using the ECU to calculate a suggested safe path; and
conveying the suggested safe path to the driver using a visual display screen with an unsafe path graphic showing the unsafe
path and a suggested safe path graphic showing the safe path on the visual display screen to allow for the driver to determine
how much of an adjustment should be made to the one or more wheel angles of the two or more wheels in order to adjust the
current forward path travel to the suggested safe path.

US Pat. No. 9,366,167

INJECTOR WATER INTRUSION SEAL WITH BLOW OUT VOLUME

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A fluid injector comprising:
a housing;
an inlet tube having a portion received in the housing, the inlet tube having an opened end for receiving fluid from an inlet
defined by an inlet cup assembly of the injector;

a primary seal disposed about a portion of the inlet tube so as to create a seal between surfaces of the housing, the inlet
tube, and the inlet cup assembly of the injector;

a groove defined in a periphery of the housing;
a secondary seal disposed in the groove and defining a seal between the housing and a portion of the inlet cup assembly of
the injector; and

a recessed portion defined in the housing and in communication with the groove so that due to the recessed portion, an entirety
of the secondary seal is not supported by the groove,

wherein the recessed portion defines a blow-out volume such that when the primary seal is leak tested by forcing pressurized
air through the inlet of the injector, an indication of a leak of the primary seal can be detected when the pressurized air
moves past the primary seal and forces a portion of the secondary seal to move to an unsealed position into the blow-out volume.

US Pat. No. 9,326,100

SIMPLE AND RELIABLE HOME LOCATION IDENTIFICATION METHOD AND APPARATUS

Continental Automotive Sy...

5. An apparatus for detecting a home location in a motor vehicle having a mobile wireless station that is configured to communicate
with a predetermined wireless access point, the apparatus being located in the vehicle and comprising:
a navigation device;
an I.E.E.E. 802.11-compliant mobile wireless station configured to communicate with a predetermined access point for a predetermined
wireless local area network;

a multi-button wireless device controller configured to remotely control a device inside the home location by transmission
of a radio frequency signal, the multi-button wireless device controller having a plurality of push buttons the actuation
of which causes the transmission of a radio frequency signal from the multi-button wireless device controller;

a plurality of lights, at least one light being proximate to each push button of the plurality of push buttons, the at least
one light proximate to each push button being configured to at least partially illuminate the proximate push button and thereby
identify the proximate push button; and

a processor, operatively coupled to the navigation device, mobile wireless station, wireless device controller, the lights
and coupled to a non-transitory memory device, the non-transitory memory device storing program instructions, which when executed
cause the processor to:

determine a distance between a vehicle's current location and a home location using said navigation device;
control the mobile wireless station to monitor a predetermined frequency for the presence of a predetermined signal;
determine whether a particular push button of the multi-button wireless control device has been assigned to open a garage
door at the home location;

if the distance between the location of vehicle and the home location is less than the transmission range of the multi-button
wireless device controller, and if no button of the multi-button wireless control device has been assigned to open a garage
door at the home location, illuminating the lights proximate to the buttons of the multi-button wireless control device and,
displaying a message on a display device notifying occupants of the vehicle to set a particular button of the multi-button
wireless control device as a default button for the garage door at the home location;

receive a selection of a particular button to thereafter be the default button; and
activate the light for the selected default button responsive to a determination that the distance between the vehicle's current
location and home location is less than the transmission range of the signal transmitted from the wireless device controller.

US Pat. No. 9,151,201

LASER WELDED AUTOMOTIVE DIESEL EXHAUST HC DOSING VALVE

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. Dosing structure for supplying diesel fuel to an exhaust stream of a diesel system, the dosing structure comprising: an
electrically operated control valve, an inlet tube coupled with an inlet of the control valve, a first welded joint between
the inlet tube and the control valve, the inlet tube being constructed and arranged to be coupled to a supply of diesel fuel
for feeding fuel to the control valve, a fluid pressure operated dosing valve constructed and arranged to receive fuel from
the control valve and having structure movable from a closed position to an open position to deliver the fuel to the exhaust
stream, an extension tube fluidly coupled between the control valve and the dosing valve to space the control valve from the
dosing valve and to permit fuel to be delivered from the control valve, through the extension tube, and to the dosing valve,
a second welded joint between the extension tube and the control valve, and a third welded joint between the extension tube
and the dosing valve; a bracket associated with the control valve for mounting the control valve, the bracket including a
pair of clips, one of the clips being coupled to the inlet tube and another clip being coupled to the control valve near the
extension tube.

US Pat. No. 9,120,357

METHODS, SYSTEMS AND DEVICES FOR INTEGRATION OF TIRE PRESSURE MONITORING SENSORS WITH A TIRE PRESSURE MONITORING SYSTEM

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method of integrating a tire pressure monitoring sensor with a tire pressure monitoring system of a vehicle, comprising
the steps of: establishing a first communication link between a portable mobile wireless device disposed outside the vehicle
and moveable outside the vehicle by a user to different tires of the vehicle and a low frequency transmission device disposed
outside the vehicle, and establishing a second communication link between the low frequency transmission device and a tire
pressure monitoring sensor disposed at the vehicle tire, the communication link including a low frequency transmission device,
the portable mobile wireless device being configured to selectively couple and de couple to the low frequency transmission
device; and transmitting a signal through the first communication link and the second communication link to program the tire
pressure monitoring sensor and cause the tire pressure monitoring sensor to communicate with a tire pressure monitoring system
of a vehicle; generating a third communication link between the low frequency transmission device and an electronic control
unit disposed within the vehicle, further comprising the step of downloading the identification information of the tire pressure
monitoring sensor through the first and second communication links formed between the portable mobile wireless device and
tire pressure monitoring sensor, programming the portable mobile wireless device with software capable of determining a suitable
program software for a tire pressure monitoring sensor of a particular vehicle; selecting a suitable program software from
a database of program software with the portable mobile wireless device based upon identification information of the vehicle;
and causing the tire pressure monitoring sensor to operate according to the selected suitable program software, wherein the
identification information comprises the vehicle make, model, year of manufacture, vehicle identification number or combination
thereof, wherein the portable mobile wireless device includes a user interface for initiating communication with a tire pressure
monitoring sensor, communication with an electronic control unit of a vehicle, or both.

US Pat. No. 9,102,293

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR REDUCING FALSE ALARMS IN STOLEN VEHICLE TRACKING

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method of reducing false alarms in stolen vehicle tracking (SVT) applications, the method comprising:
determining whether an expected signal has not been received from a stolen vehicle tracking (SVT) module in a vehicle;
when the expected signal has not been received, determining at least one operating parameter of the vehicle and based upon
the at least one operating parameter, determining a reason for the absence of the expected signal;

based upon the determined reason for the absence of the expected signal, determining whether or not to issue a stolen-vehicle-tracking
alarm, which indicates that the vehicle is stolen or that the expected signal is jammed, such that:

the alarm is issued if the determined reason is that the vehicle is determined to be stolen;
the alarm is issued if the determined reason is that the expected signal is determined to be jammed; and
the alarm is not issued if the determined reason indicates that the vehicle is not stolen and that the expected signal is
not jammed;

wherein the determined reason is that the vehicle is determined to be stolen further comprises determining that the vehicle
is moving and that there is no roadside assistance request pending;

wherein the determined reason is that the expected signal is determined to be jammed further comprises determining that an
embedded phone in the vehicle with the SVT module is known to be on and that the cellular connections at the vehicle's location
are known to be good.

US Pat. No. 9,586,448

TIRE PRESSURE MONITORING SENSOR WITH CHANGING FUNCTIONALITY BASED UPON VEHICLE ACTION

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method of monitoring tire pressure of a plurality of wheel units of a vehicle, comprising the steps of:
sending an incoming transmission from a frequency initiator at a first incoming transmission rate for a predetermined period
of time;

sending the incoming transmission from the frequency initiator at a second incoming rate in response to an elapse of the predetermined
time;

receiving the incoming transmission with a wireless receiver at a tire pressure monitoring sensor;
detecting at the tire pressure monitoring sensor an incoming transmission rate for the incoming transmission;
in response to detecting the incoming transmission rate is greater than zero, transmitting a first outgoing transmission at
a first outgoing rate; and

in response to detecting the incoming transmission rate is substantially zero, transmitting a second outgoing transmission
at a second outgoing rate.

US Pat. No. 9,517,665

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR COMPENSATING FOR ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE IN A TPMS SYSTEM

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method, the method comprising:
receiving an altitude of the vehicle from an external electronic source;
receiving an external temperature is received from a temperature sensor;
determining an external relative humidity;
based upon the altitude received from the external electronic source, the temperature, and the external relative humidity,
determining an estimated barometric pressure;

receiving an air pressure of a tire;
determining an adjustment to the air pressure of the tire, the adjustment based upon the estimated barometric pressure, the
adjustment applied to the air pressure of the tire to obtain a corrected tire pressure;

evaluating the corrected tire pressure to determine when an alert should be presented to a user;
when the alert is determined, presenting the alert to the user.

US Pat. No. 9,499,097

WING POINTER ILLUMINATION

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A gauge assembly for a motor vehicle comprising:
a pointer arm supported for rotation about an axis of rotation relative to a scale;
a shroud supporting the pointer arm;
a cap supported on the pointer arm, the cap including a pin extending into an opening within the pointer arm, wherein the
pointer arm includes at least two reflecting surfaces configured to propagate light around the opening and through the pointer
arm, wherein each of the reflecting surfaces has a curved shape, wherein the two reflecting surfaces are mirror images of
each other, wherein each reflecting surface is offset from the axis of rotation, the reflecting surfaces including a first
reflecting surface and a second reflecting surface, the first reflecting surface disposed adjacent to and contacting the second
reflecting surface, the cap comprising a central portion and an arm portion extending radially outward from the central portion
along the pointer arm, the central portion being disposed about the axis of rotation.

US Pat. No. 9,103,295

CURRENT CONTROLLER HAVING PROGRAMMABLE CURRENT-CONTROL PARAMETERS AND HARDWARE-IMPLEMENTED SUPPORT FUNCTIONS

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. Apparatus comprising:
a phase memory configured to store a plurality of current-control phase entries, the phase entries being records stored in
the phase memory, wherein content of each phase entry specifies, for a corresponding current-control phase, current-control
parameters and wherein each phase entry additionally includes a pointer that identifies a next phase entry and corresponding
current-control parameters, the plurality of current-control phase entries and their associated pointers forming a linked
list;

a phase controller that is configured to retrieve from the phase memory a present phase entry, wherein the phase controller
is configured to determine a next phase to be executed upon completion of execution of the current-control parameters obtained
from the present phase entry, and based on a current-control signal and the pointer associated with the present phase entry,
wherein the phase controller is hardwired to prevent execution of one or more loops of phases while the current control signal
is de-asserted; and

a current controller that is configured to control current supplied to a target device in accordance with the current-control
parameters of the retrieved present phase entry, whereby potentially endless loops of current-control-phase sequences are
prevented while the current-control signal is de-asserted.

US Pat. No. 9,073,433

VEHICLE CONTROL SYSTEM

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A vehicle control system for a vehicle, the system comprising:
a control device attached to an instrument panel of the vehicle and having a plurality of user-selectable positions, the control
device configured to transmit data regarding a first position of the control device when a hand is proximate to the control
device, the control device being additionally configured to control the operation of a corresponding vehicle device by a user's
selection of at least one position;

a vehicle device, configured to be controlled by a person's manipulation of the control device;
a camera configured to capture an image that includes the control device and a user's hand proximate to the control device,
the camera being additionally configured to transmit captured image data, the captured image data comprising image data of
the control device and image data of the user's hand proximate to the control device;

a processing device coupled to the control device, the camera, a plurality of other user-operable control devices attached
to a plurality of other interior portions, and coupled to the vehicle device, wherein the processing device is configured
to:

receive a first signal from the control device;
receive the captured image data from the camera and determine from said captured image data whether the user's hand is proximate
to the control device; and

transmit signals regarding the first position of the control device to both the vehicle device and to a display device; and
a touch-sensitive display device coupled to the processing device, wherein the display device is configured to:
receive from the processing device, signals regarding the first position and identity of the control device;
visually display an illustration of the control device attached to the instrument panel, the illustration of the control device
being a virtual control for the vehicle device and a functional replication of the control device attached to the instrument
panel, the virtual control having a plurality of user-selectable virtual positions corresponding to the plurality of positions
of the control device attached to the instrument panel and showing at least the first position and identity of the control
device attached to the instrument panel; and

allow adjustment of the virtual control using the touch-sensitive display to at least a second position of the virtual control,
wherein the second position of the virtual control is different from the first position of the virtual control, wherein adjustment
of the virtual control to the second position causes a corresponding change in the operation of the vehicle device.

US Pat. No. 9,065,689

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR RECEIVING SIGNALS IN A VEHICLE

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method of receiving signals of multiple types, the method comprising:
at a vehicle:
receiving a first signal, the first signal being of an ASK-compliant modulation type;
receiving a second signal, the second signal being of a FSK-compliant modulation type;
based upon a set of predetermined criteria, selecting one of the first signal and the second signal, the predetermined criteria
at least in part indicating a priority as between ASK-compliant and FSK compliant communications;

transmitting the selected signal data to a vehicular controller over a single transmission line;
wherein the predetermined criteria comprise at least one of:
whether a received low priority frame is an actual low priority frame rather than a reflection;
whether the actual low priority frame is being recreated; and whether a valid high priority frame is being received;
selectively storing one of the high priority frame and the low priority frame in a buffer, wherein selectively storing comprises
choosing between at least two of completely storing, partially storing, and not storing;

recreating a frame, at least partially, at a faster data rate than the data rate at which the frame was received.

US Pat. No. 9,566,904

INSTRUMENT CLUSTER INCLUDING TELLTALE ILLUMINATION USING A LIGHT GUIDE

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An instrumentation gauge for a vehicle comprising:
a light guide comprising a plurality of light guide connections, wherein each of said light guide connections is in communication
with at least one of a plurality of first light sources;

a dial disposed adjacent a first surface of said light guide, wherein said dial comprises an opaque portion, and at least
one translucent portion;

at least one telltale printed on a first surface of said light guide; and
a lighthousing for communicating light from at least one second light source to said at least one translucent portion of said
dial.

US Pat. No. 9,499,140

METHOD FOR REDUCING JERK WHEN COMPLETING AN AUTOMATIC BRAKING MANEUVER

Continental Automotive Sy...

8. An automatic braking system for a vehicle comprising:
an electronic brake system capable of applying wheel brakes to decelerate the vehicle; and
a controller including instructions for:
determining a first velocity profile based on an identified first target stopping distance from a current location of a vehicle;
determining a second velocity profile required to stop the vehicle at a second target stopping distance, wherein the second
target stopping distance is less than the first target stopping distance;

determining a first braking force to stop the vehicle at the second target stopping distance; and
transitioning the electronic brake system to a second braking force as the vehicle approaches the second target stopping distance
determined to stop the vehicle at the first target stopping distance.

US Pat. No. 9,151,685

METHOD AND APPARATUS TO DETERMINE TORQUE IN A POWERTRAIN SYSTEM

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method for monitoring torque in a gear train, comprising:
coincidently determining angles of rotation of first and second rotationally coupled members of the gear train, each of said
members employing a respective rotational position sensor, including determining each of said angles of rotation based upon
times corresponding to a last signal pulse, a next-to-last signal pulse, and a total quantity of signal pulses generated by
the respective rotational position sensor during a current sampling interval;

determining a twist angle corresponding to a difference between the angles of rotation of the first and second rotationally
coupled members of the gear train; and

calculating torque corresponding to the twist angle;
wherein determining each of said angles of rotation comprises calculating each of said angles of rotation in accordance with
the following relationship:

?K=?K-1+[(?I(k)+?F(k)+N(k)?1)/NT]

wherein
?K is the angle of rotation at the end of the current sampling interval;

?K-1 is an angle of rotation at the end of an immediately prior sampling interval;

NT is a total quantity of teeth on a toothed element of the respective rotational position sensor;

N(k) is the total quantity of signal pulses occurring during the current sampling interval;

 represents a fraction of a partial tooth rotation between the last signal pulse during the current sampling interval and
the end of the current sampling interval, wherein T_sample(k) is the time at the end of the current sampling interval, T_9(k) is the time at which the last signal pulse during the current sampling interval occurs, and T_8(k) is the time at which the next-to-last signal pulse during the current sampling interval occurs; and

?I(k)=1??F(k?1) represents a fraction of a partial tooth rotation between the beginning of the current sampling interval and a first
signal pulse during the current sampling interval, wherein ?F(k?1) represents a fraction of a partial tooth rotation between a last signal pulse during the immediately prior sampling
interval and the end of the immediately prior sampling interval.

US Pat. No. 9,085,205

TIRE TREAD TEMPERATURE SENSOR AND DIAGNOSTICS FOR IN-VEHICLE DISPLAY

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A tire tread temperature sensing apparatus comprising:
a measurement device comprising a temperature sensor, the temperature sensor configured to be mounted to a vehicle, the temperature
sensor further configured to sense temperature of a tire's tread;

a controller, the controller configured to receive and analyze temperature measurements, to diagnose vehicle state based on
the analysis, and to communicate to a display; and

a display configured to display information based on the diagnosis of the vehicle state,
wherein the information comprises an indication of a possible corrective action, and
wherein the information further comprises an indication of percentage of maximum traction available based at least in part
on the analysis of the temperature measurement and a type of tire mounted, wherein the type of tire mounted is indicative
of the tire's operating temperature range.

US Pat. No. 9,052,219

INDUCTIVE POSITION SENSOR WITH FIELD SHAPING ELEMENTS

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An inductive position sensor for determining a position of an object, the sensor comprising:
a circuit board,
a wire source coil constructed and arranged to provide a certain operating frequency,
a first wire sensing coil,
a second wire sensing coil,
wherein the source coil, and first and second sensing coils are embedded in the circuit board, and each of the first and second
sensing coils is constructed and arranged to provide an output as the object passes by source coil and the first and second
sensing coils, and

eddy current generating material, separate from the object, associated with any of the coils so as to provide an eddy current
that interferes with wire to wire communication between the sensing coils and the source coil so as to alter the output of
the sensing coils to shape the output,

wherein the source coil surrounds the first and second sensing coils and wherein at least two pieces of eddy current generating
material are surrounded by portions of the sensing coils.

US Pat. No. 9,840,213

PROGRAMMABLE STANDBY VOLTAGE POWER SUPPLY

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A system for a vehicle having an on-board power source, the system comprising:
a micro power supply configured to connect to said on-board power source, the micro power supply including a power conversion
circuit operable to receive an input voltage from said on board power source and generate an output voltage, different from
said input voltage, the micro power supply further including a control circuit operable to control a voltage conversion rate
of the power conversion circuit independent of user intervention; and

a microcontroller communicatively connected to said micro power supply via a communication link, and connected to the output
voltage of the power conversion circuit, the microcontroller further including a processor operable to communicate with said
control circuit via the communication link;

wherein the microcontroller is operable to communicate a desired power conversion circuit output voltage to said control circuit
using said communication link, and

wherein the microcontroller further comprises at least one of
a sensor input operable to receive an analog sensor signal, and analog to digital converter operable to convert the received
analog sensor signal to a digital signal, wherein the output voltage of the power conversion circuit is a reference voltage
for the analog to digital converter for controlling range and resolution of the analog to digital converter, and

a standard microcontroller and a low power microcontroller connected to said standard microcontroller via a communication
link and connected to the output voltage of the micro power supply, wherein the low power microprocessor is operable to activate
said standard microcontroller using said communication link and the standard microcontroller is coupled to the micro power
supply via the communication link for instructing the micro power supply to provide the output voltage of the power conversion
circuit to the low power microcontroller.