US Pat. No. 9,255,563

METHOD FOR OPERATING AN IGNITION DEVICE FOR AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE AND IGNITION DEVICE FOR AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE FOR CARRYING OUT THE METHOD

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A method for operating an ignition device for an internal combustion engine, the ignition device having an ignition coil
embodied as a transformer, a sparkplug connected to the secondary winding of the ignition coil, a controllable switching element
connected in series with the primary winding of the ignition coil, and a control unit connected to the primary winding of
the ignition coil and to the control input of the switching element, the method comprising:
the control unit providing a supply voltage for the ignition coil and a control signal for the switching element as a function
of the currents through the primary winding and the secondary winding of the ignition coil and of the voltage between the
connecting point of the primary winding of the ignition coil to the switching element and to the negative terminal of the
supply voltage,

transporting energy in the ignition sparks of the sparkplug by alternatively switching the switching element on and off as
a function of threshold values for the primary voltage or a voltage derived therefrom, for the current through the primary
winding of the ignition coil and for the current through the secondary winding of the ignition coil, being undershot or exceeded,

determining at least one of these threshold values based on a function relating at least one threshold value to engine state
data comprising rotational speed,

during the phases in which the switching element is switched off, measuring the voltage induced in the secondary winding of
the ignition coil using (a) a measured current through the secondary winding of the ignition coil or (b) a measured voltage,
transformed back by the ignition coil, at the primary winding of the ignition coil, and

changing the function relating at least one threshold value to engine state data based on the measured current through the
secondary winding or the measured voltage at the primary winding.

US Pat. No. 9,630,532

PNEUMATIC ELEMENT

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A pneumatic element for a vehicle seat of a motor vehicle, comprising:
a first, a second and a third air chamber, which are coupled to one another, wherein the first air chamber is coupled to the
second air chamber by means of a weld joint surrounding a first opening having a first shape, and the second air chamber is
coupled to the third air chamber by a further weld joint surrounding a second opening having a second shape,

an overflow area, which is arranged within the weld joints along a longitudinal axis of the pneumatic element, for pneumatic
communication between the first, second, and third air chambers,

wherein the first, second, and third air chambers each have a first state in which a pressure in the interior of the first,
second, and third air chambers corresponds to a pressure outside the first, second, and third air chambers, and have a second
state in which the pressure in the Interior of the first, second, and third air chambers is greater than the pressure outside
the first, second, and third air chambers,

a flow opening for pneumatic communication between the overflow area and the second air chamber in the first state, and
at least one of the first and second shades of the openings has a profile which, transversely with respect to the longitudinal
axis, has at least two different spacings from the longitudinal axis relative to a profile of the other one of the first and
second shapes of the openings in order to form the flow opening.

US Pat. No. 9,523,333

ACTUATOR UNIT, IN PARTICULAR FOR INJECTING A FUEL INTO A COMBUSTION CHAMBER OF AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. An actuator unit for injecting a fuel into a combustion chamber of an internal combustion engine, comprising:
an electrically conductive excitation winding disposed in a housing,
a first ferromagnetic circuit loop including a return through a projection of the housing,
a second ferromagnetic circuit loop through the housing without passing through the return
an armature configured to move along an axis between:
an idle position in which the armature completes the second ferromagnetic circuit loop by contact with a surface segment that
extends in a plane perpendicular to the axis of movement of the armature,

a working position in which the armature completes the first ferromagnetic circuit loop by contact with the return,
wherein the armature is biased along the axis toward the idle position by a spring holding force of a spring element,
wherein a current flowing through the excitation winding produces a magnetic field that provides (a) a magnetic holding force
acting on the armature in the same direction as the spring holding force provided by the spring element, and (b) a magnetic
motive force acting on the armature in the opposite direction as the magnetic holding force and spring holding force,

wherein when the current flowing through the excitation winding is less than or equal to a predetermined current value, the
current produces a magnetic holding force which, in combination with the spring holding force, is greater than the magnetic
motive force, thereby holding the armature in the idle position as magnetic flux passes through the first ferromagnetic circuit
loop, and

wherein when the current flowing through the excitation winding exceeds the predetermined current value, the magnetic motive
force produced by the current exceeds the magnetic holding force combined with the spring holding force, which produces an
air gap in the region of the surface segment, breaking the first ferromagnetic circuit loop and, resulting in the magnetic
holding force decreasing with a steep gradient and the armature moving toward the working position.

US Pat. No. 9,296,302

CHARGING DEVICE FOR AN ENERGY STORE AND METHOD FOR OPERATING SUCH A CHARGING DEVICE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A charging device for an energy store comprising a lithium ion battery in an electric vehicle, wherein the charging device
comprises:
a circuit for setting the charging device to a fully charging mode or a parked charging mode,
wherein the charging device is configured to produce a fully charged state of the energy store in the fully charging mode
and to produce a parked charge state of the energy store in the parked charging mode,

wherein the parked charge state corresponds to a specified reduced charge state of the energy store, and
a controller configured to:
determine whether the charging device is set to the fully charging mode or the parked charging mode,
determine a current charged state of the energy store, and
in response to determining that the charging device is set to the parked charging mode:
comparing the current charged state of the energy store to the specified reduced charge state corresponding to the parked
charging mode,

in response to determining that the current charged state of the energy store is below the specified reduced charge state
corresponding to the parked charging mode, automatically initiating a charging of the energy store from a power supply network,
and

in response to determining that the current charged state of the energy store is above the specified reduced charge state
corresponding to the parked charging mode, automatically initiating an extraction of energy from the energy store and feeding
of the extracted energy back into the power supply network.

US Pat. No. 9,255,515

METHOD FOR DETERMINING IF AN INJECTOR IS IN A BLOCKED STATE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A method for determining if an injector (10) is blocked, said injector (10) comprising an electromagnetic solenoid (20) with a coil having a resistance (R) and an inductance (L), passed through by a power supply current of maximum intensity
(Imax) and powered by a power supply voltage (E), a closure and an opening of the injector (10) being controlled by a control device (D?), said control device (D?) comprising a microcontroller (80), and a measurement resistance (r), said method comprising the following steps:
Step 1: Controlling the opening of the injector (10) by the microcontroller (80),

Step 2: Measuring by the microcontroller (80) the intensity (I) of the current passing through the measurement resistance (r) as a function of time (t),

Step 3: Determining a necessary duration (?, ?min) for the intensity (I) to reach a predetermined intensity value (Ipred), lower than the maximum intensity (Imax), such that:

Ipred=P×Imax
with P being a constant between 0 and 1,
Ipred predetermined intensity value (A),

Imax: maximum intensity (A),

Step 4: Computing the inductance (L) of the coil of the solenoid (20) as a function of said necessary duration (?, ?min),

Step 5: Comparing the value of the inductance (L) thus computed to a threshold value of the inductance (Lth),
Step 6: If the value of the inductance (L) is greater than or equal to the threshold value (Lth), then blocking the injector
(10) in the closed position,

Step 7: If the value of the inductance (L) is less than the threshold value (Lth), blocking the injector (10) in the open position.

US Pat. No. 9,255,540

METHOD FOR THE OPERATION OF AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE, AND INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A method for operating an internal combustion engine including an injection system having at least one injector and an
injector system control unit, the method comprising, for a particular injector:
storing a predefined setpoint value of an injection quantity of the injector in the form of a nominal characteristic diagram
having nominal characteristic curves in the control unit;

adapting the nominal characteristic diagram to individual tolerances of the injector using injector coding to obtain an individual
characteristic diagram having individual characteristic curves;

applying a plurality of different correction functions for detecting and correcting a service life quantity drift of the injector
to obtain a plurality of corrected individual characteristic diagrams having corrected individual characteristic curves;

determining offsets of the corrected individual characteristic curves with respect to the nominal characteristic curves to
produce offset curves, and

using sections of the offset curves that define a minimum offset as actuation correction data for the injection quantity,
wherein in each case the minimum offset of the next offset curve is used if two offset curves intersect.

US Pat. No. 9,295,125

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR COMMUNICATION BETWEEN AN ELECTRONIC MODULE AND A DETECTION SENSOR COMPRISING A LIGHT SOURCE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

4. A communication device comprising:
an electronic module (100) comprising a voltage source (VBAT) connected to a supply line (W10); and

a detection sensor (200), the electronic module (100) being connected to the detection sensor (200) via the supply line (W10),

said detection sensor comprising a circuit comprising i) a first branch (B1) comprising an actuator (LED10) and a first switch (S20), and ii) a second branch (B2) comprising a second switch (S10),

said first and second branches (B1, B2) being supplied with current via the supply line (W10) connected to the voltage source (VBAT), said electronic module (100) being configured for measuring modulations of intensity of the current flowing on said supply line (W10), wherein,

the detection sensor (200) is configured, when the actuator (LED10) is activated or in a process of gradual activation:

to use the first switch (S20) to cause a gradual modulation of the intensity of the current flowing in said actuator (LED10) between a high state and a low state,

to use the second switch (S10) to cause a gradual modulation of the intensity of the current flowing in the second branch (B2) between i) a low state when the intensity of the current flowing in the actuator (LED10) is in a high state and ii) a high state when the intensity of the current flowing in said actuator (LED10) is in a low state, in such a way that the intensity of the current flowing in the supply line (W10) is always in a higher state, and

to notify the electronic module (100) upon detection of a predefined event (D), with an information item according to which the predefined event (D) has been
detected, in the form of a predefined modulation of the intensity of current flowing in the second branch (B2), solely when the intensity of current flowing in the actuator (LED10) is in the low state.

US Pat. No. 9,133,857

TURBOCHARGER HOUSING AND TOOL DEVICE FOR MACHINING THE TURBOCHARGER HOUSING

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A machine, comprising:
an internal combustion engine having an outlet for providing an exhaust gas mass flow and an inlet for receiving compressed
air; and

a turbocharger housing including at least one housing section divided in a longitudinal direction thereof into at least two
housing halves;

said turbocharger housing formed with a turbine inlet connected to said outlet of said internal combustion engine and a compressor
outlet connected to said inlet of said internal combustion engine;

wherein said at least two housing halves include a first housing half and a second housing half, and wherein said first housing
half of the turbocharger housing is integrated at least partially into an engine block of the combustion engine, and said
second housing half of the turbocharger housing is integrated at least partially into a cylinder head of the internal combustion
engine.

US Pat. No. 9,299,252

METHOD FOR CHECKING COMMUNICATION MESSAGES IN VEHICLE-TO-ENVIRONMENT COMMUNICATION AND SUITABLE RECEIVER

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A method for checking communication messages in a vehicle-to-environment communication, comprising:
receiving a communication message by a receiver in a first vehicle;
evaluating the received communication message;
obtaining a feature from the communication message regarding a second vehicle that transmitted the communication message;
obtaining a corresponding feature by a sensor system arranged in the first vehicle that is independent from the vehicle-to-environment
communication that corresponds to the obtained feature; and

comparing the obtained feature with the corresponding feature,
wherein the feature obtained from the communication message includes a vehicle type of participating transmitter, and that
the vehicle type of the participating transmitter is determinable by the independent sensor system.

US Pat. No. 9,300,360

DEVICE FOR COMMUNICATION BETWEEN AN ELECTRONIC MODULE AND A SENSOR

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A device for communication between a microcontroller (11) of an electronic module (10) and a microcontroller (22) of a sensor (20) in order to send a command signal from the microcontroller (11) of the electronic module (10) to the microcontroller (22) of the sensor (20), said microcontroller (22) of the sensor (20) being furnished with a power supply voltage window (F), and said sensor (20) being supplied with current by the electronic module (10) by means of a power supply line (W1) connected to a voltage source (VBAT), wherein:
the electronic module (10) comprises a command signal generator (40) connected to the microcontroller (11) of the electronic module (10) and connected to the power supply line (W1), generating a voltage-modulation command signal on the power supply line (W1),

the sensor (20) comprises a command signal regulation device (30) connected to the power supply line (W1) and to the microcontroller (22) of the sensor (20),

the command signal regulation device (30) comprises:

a high-pass filter (FPH),
a voltage limiter (LT),
an open collector output (CO),
arranged such that the command signal at the output of the command signal regulation device (30) is a voltage signal of constant mean value and of which the value is included in the power supply voltage window (F) of
the microcontroller (22) of the sensor (20).

US Pat. No. 9,195,307

OPERATOR CONTROL DEVICE

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. An operator control device having an operator control element with haptic feedback, wherein the operator element has one
or more sensors and can be activated by an operator by an inputting element, the operator control device comprising:
a first ferromagnetic two-dimensional component and a second ferromagnetic two-dimensional component arranged in parallel
to face each other and configured to move relative to each other, the second ferromagnetic two-dimensional component having
at least one ferromagnetic coil former that extends at a right angle to a plane of said first and second ferromagnetic two-dimensional
components;

a printed circuit board arranged between said first and second ferromagnetic two-dimensional components with its plane parallel
to said first and second ferromagnetic two-dimensional components, the printed circuit board having cutouts;

at least one first flat coil printed on a first surface of the printed circuit board that faces the first ferromagnetic two-dimensional
component; and

at least one second flat coil printed on a second surface of the printed circuit board that faces the second ferromagnetic
two-dimensional component,

wherein each at least one ferromagnetic coil former projects through a cutout of the printed circuit board, each ferromagnetic
coil former being surrounded by a pair of coils comprising one first flat coil and one second flat coil,

wherein said first ferromagnetic two-dimensional component is configured for one of forming the operator control element and
transmitting its movement at least partially to the operator control element,

wherein said first and second ferromagnetic two-dimensional components are configured to move with respect to each other when
at least one of said first and second flat coils is energized, and

wherein said printed circuit board is permanently arranged on a face of said second ferromagnetic two-dimensional component
facing said first ferromagnetic two-dimensional component.

US Pat. No. 9,127,634

METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE OPENING POINT IN THE TIME OF A FUEL INJECTOR

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A method for determining an opening point in time of a control valve of an indirectly controlled diesel fuel injector of
a combustion engine of a motor vehicle, which control valve comprises a coil drive, the method comprising:
determining a progression with respect to time of a current strength of a current flowing through the coil drive,
calculating a current integral based on the determined current strength as a function of time commencing at a predetermined
starting time, and

determining a point in time at which the current integral achieves a predetermined current integral reference value, wherein
the determined point in time is the opening point in time of the control valve.

US Pat. No. 9,246,338

ARRANGEMENT AND METHOD FOR SAFELY DISCHARGING AN ENERGY ACCUMULATOR

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. Energy storage arrangement, for safely discharging an energy accumulator and/or an associated energy control circuit damaged
by a defect or an accident, having
an energy accumulator (1) with electric poles (2, 3),

an electrically conductive conductor medium (6) in the form of a fluid or fine-grained bulk material or a mixture of both,

a reservoir container (7) which is filled with the conductor medium (6),

a collecting container (8) which is provided for accommodating the conductor medium (6), and

a triggerable discharging device (9),

wherein when the discharging device is triggered, the conductor medium (6) is released from the reservoir container (7) into the collecting container (8) to discharge the energy accumulator by electrically connecting the electric poles (2, 3) to one another with the conductor medium (6).

US Pat. No. 9,320,168

CONTROL APPARATUS, IN PARTICULAR FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A control apparatus, comprising:
a housing;
a first one-piece integral multilayered printed circuit board having a first part populated with electrical and/or electronic
components, a second part electrically and mechanically connected to at least one contact pin of a first plug-type connector,
and a third part connecting said first and second parts to one another and said first printed circuit board being flexible
or at least bendable in said third part;

a second one-piece integral multilayered printed circuit board having a first part populated with electrical and/or electronic
components, a second part electrically and mechanically connected to a contact pin of a second plug-type connector, and a
third part connecting said first and second parts of said second printed circuit board to one another and said second printed
circuit board being flexible or at least bendable in said third part thereof; and

at least one connecting element electrically connecting said first parts of said first and second printed circuit boards to
one another via a plug-type connection; and

said first parts of said first printed circuit board and said second printed circuit board being mechanically connected to
one another by way of said at least one connecting element, said first part of said first printed circuit board being held
mechanically on said housing, and said first part of said second printed circuit board not being fastened to said housing,
only one of said first or second printed circuit boards being in thermally conductive contact with said housing; and components
with comparatively high power losses being disposed on the respective said printed circuit board that is thermally connected
to said housing, and components with comparatively low power losses being disposed on the respective said printed circuit
board that is not thermally connected to said housing.

US Pat. No. 9,200,584

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR OPERATING AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A method for operating an internal combustion engine having a cylinder bank with a plurality of cylinders, each cylinder
having at least one assigned injection valve, and the cylinder bank having an assigned injection event memory, an injection
determination process, and an injection execution process, the method comprising:
determining a plurality of desired injection events for the plurality of cylinders and storing the determined plurality of
desired injection events in succession in the order in which the desired injection events were determined in the injection
event memory, each desired injection event having a stored setpoint execution time,

retrieving the desired injection events for the plurality of cylinders in succession from the injection event memory and processing
the retrieved injection events in the sequence in which they were stored in the injection event memory, such that the desired
injection events for the plurality of cylinders are stored and processed in a first-in-first-out (FIFO) manner,

wherein each injection event in the sequence of injection events is retrieved from the injection event memory and processed
independently of each other injection event, and

wherein each injection event in the sequence of injection events is retrieved from the injection event memory and processed,
including an analysis of the stored setpoint execution time for the injection event, only after completion of the previous
injection event in the sequence,

such that for a particular injection event having a stored setpoint execution time that overlaps with the ongoing execution
of the previous injection event in the sequence, the analysis of the stored setpoint execution time for the particular injection
event is not initiated, and the particular injection event is not executed, until after the ongoing execution of the previous
injection event is complete.

US Pat. No. 9,077,113

PRESS-INSERTION CONNECTOR

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A connector comprising:
a casing; and
a plurality of pins, each pin comprising:
a first end portion, extending along a first axis,
a second end portion, extending along a second axis,
a securing portion, adjacent to the first end portion and secured to the casing,
an insertion part, arranged between the securing portion and the second end portion,
wherein at least some of the pins comprise at the level of their insertion part at least one wavy inflected part, as a result
of which the extremities of the second end portions of the pins are situated substantially in one and the same plane perpendicular
to the second axis,

the wavy inflected part comprises at least one axial part, extending along the first axis or the second axis and one off-axis
part extending radially distant from the axial part, the off-axis part being connected to the axial part through a curved
shape, and

the insertion part of each pin comprises:
a first straight portion adjacent to the securing portion and extending essentially on the first axis,
a second straight portion adjacent to the second end portion and extending essentially on the second axis,
a bent portion, situated between the first and the second straight portion,
the at least some of the pins comprising the at least one wavy inflected part at the level of their respective first straight
portion.

US Pat. No. 9,244,442

NEAR FIELD COMMUNICATION METHOD, BETWEEN A MOBILE DEVICE AND A MOTOR VEHICLE AND CORRESPONDING DEVICE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A method of communication between a vehicle (10) and a mobile device (12), the communication between said vehicle and said mobile device being carried out according to near field (NFC) technology,
said method comprising the following steps:
installation of a first near field communication means (11) in the vehicle, and a second near field communication means (13) in the mobile device (12), wherein the first and second near field communication means (11, 13) communicate with each together by near field communications, the first near field communication device (11) being associated with a receptacle (14) mounted onto the vehicle (10),

installation of a vibration means (15) in the first near field communication device (11) associated with the receptacle (14) mounted onto the vehicle (10), said vibration means being adapted to emit a predetermined vibratory signal (Sv) when the mobile device (12) is placed in the receptacle (14),

establishing a direct contact between the mobile device (12) and vibration means (15),

installation of a means (17) for detecting and analyzing vibrations in the mobile device (12),

implementation of an authentication procedure between the first and second near field communication means (11, 13) of the vehicle and of the mobile device in which:

when the mobile device (12) is placed in the receptacle (14), the first near field communication means (11) of the vehicle emits a request signal (Sr) toward the second near field communication means (13) of the mobile device, the request signal (Sr) comprising a predetermined combination of vibratory signals (Sv) and of near
field communications signals (Snfc), and

the second near field communication means (13) of the mobile device (12) emits, in return, a response signal (Sa) to the vehicle only when the second near field communication means (13) has received the request signal according to a predetermined format.

US Pat. No. 9,228,823

INDUCTIVE POSITION SENSOR

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. An inductive position sensor comprising:
a primary winding; and
at least two secondary windings each constituted by several turns produced on two layers of a printed circuit board,
wherein
at least one of said secondary windings has turns each having substantially the same shape,
said turns are aligned along a longitudinal direction, each time with an offset along the longitudinal direction,
each of said turns has a first globally concave part disposed on one layer of the printed circuit board and a second globally
concave part disposed on the other layer of the printed circuit board,

a first part of a turn is connected to a second part of the same turn by a first via passing through the printed circuit board,
the first part of the turn is connected to second part of an adjacent turn by a second via passing through the printed circuit
board,

the first part of the turn has a first edge extending from the first via, a second edge extending from the second via and
a bottom connecting the first and second edges,

the first edge and the second edge converge as they become more distant from the corresponding first and second vias,
an offset in the longitudinal direction between two adjacent turns is less than a distance separating a bottom of the first
part of the turn and an axis passing through the corresponding first and second vias, and

the turns of a same secondary winding are connected to each other in such a way that the electromotive forces induced in these
turns by an alternating magnetic field are added together.

US Pat. No. 9,276,738

DIGITAL TACHOGRAPH

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A digital tachograph (10), comprising:
a communication interface; and
a security module (SEC), the security module (SEC) storing a public key (PubK), a secure private key (PrivSecK) and a signature
(CA),

wherein the security module (SEC) is configured to encrypt vehicle-relevant data (Fi) and an associated checksum with a secure
private key (PrivSecK) in the digital tachograph and said data and checksum are stored in a data format in the security module
(SEC),

wherein the digital tachograph is configured to:
check the validity of the public key (PubK) and the secure private key (PrivSecK) based on information relating to whether
the public key (PubK) and/or the secure private key (PrivSecK) have been revoked;

decrypt, by the public key (PubK), the digital signature;
calculate a first checksum;
compare the first checksum and a checksum of the signature;
check the signature of the vehicle-relevant data using the public key (PubK) to decrypt the digital signature;
use the public key (PubK) of the digital tachograph to decrypt the checksum of the signature;
calculate a third checksum; and
compare the third checksum and the decrypted checksum of the signature
wherein relevant start and end times of a session are ascertained corresponding to a period of time in which the vehicle-relevant
data (Fi) are protected by a single digital signature, the start time of the session being ascertained by one or more from
the group consisting of: driver login, driving of the vehicle and specific prerequisites of the digital tachograph and the
end time of the session being ascertained by one or more from the group consisting of: driver logout, change of day, output
of the vehicle-relevant data and by specific prerequisites of the digital tachograph.

US Pat. No. 9,279,875

METHOD FOR SEARCHING A CAPACITANCE VARIATION OF A CAPACITIVE SENSOR OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A method (10) for searching a capacitance variation of a capacitive sensor, said method comprising a phase (12) of searching for a variation in capacitance and, when a variation in capacitance has been detected, a phase (14) of verifying the variation in capacitance, the search phase (12) comprising a recurrent step (120) of searching for a variation in capacitance comprising steps (122) of measuring the duration of a first predefined sequence of charges/discharges of said capacitive sensor, known as the ‘first
measurement sequence’, and (124) of determining, according to the measured duration, whether a first predefined detection criterion for a variation in capacitance
is verified, the verification phase (14) comprising steps (140) of measuring the duration of a second predefined sequence of charges/discharges of said capacitive sensor, known as the
‘second measurement sequence’, and (142) of determining, according to the measured duration, whether a second predefined detection criterion for a variation in capacitance
is verified, characterized in that the first measurement sequence is, in the absence of variation in capacitance, of a duration,
known as the ‘reference duration’, less than the reference duration of the second measurement sequence, and in that the verification
phase comprises, when the second detection criterion is not verified, a step (144) of updating the first detection criterion.

US Pat. No. 9,266,481

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR READING THE STATE OF CONTACT VARIABLES OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A method for reading the state for a plurality of contact variables of a motor vehicle by a read module including a plurality
of read ports connected by an electric circuit to said plurality of contact variables, each read port being configured to
read the state of a contact variable, the read module being configured to order periodically the reading of the contact variables,
a period including a read interval and a sleep interval, the method comprising:
detecting a current (?i=1nIind_t) injected via the electric circuit across at least one of the read ports during a sleep interval; and

adapting the period in which the contact variables are read by the read module, such that the detected current (?i=1nIinj_i) injected during a sleep interval is consumed by the read module during the consecutive read interval.

US Pat. No. 9,097,519

METHOD FOR MOUNTING AN ANGULAR DISPLACEMENT DETECTOR AND DETECTION DEVICE PROVIDED WITH CORRESPONDING MOUNTING MEANS

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A detection device of an angular displacement of a rotary shaft (17) with respect to a fixed element (16), said device comprising:
a housing (2) within which a sensor (3) is arranged and which is able to be mounted onto the fixed element (16), and

a support (4) which carries a localization element forming a target (5) facing the sensor (3) and which cooperates with the housing (2), the support (4) being able to be mounted onto said rotary shaft (17),

in such a manner that:
within said housing (2), a cylindrical accommodation (10) is formed for receiving said target holder support (4),

said target holder support (4) is freely located with clearance within the accommodation (10), and

retractable blocking means (18) are provided between said support (4) and said housing (2) so that,

in an initial position before and during the mounting of the target holder support (4) onto said rotary shaft (17), said blocking means (18) are active and maintain said support assembled (4) within the accommodation (10) of said housing (2), and that,

in an operational position, after the installation of said support (4) at the end of said rotary shaft (17) and under the action of a relative displacement of the housing (2) with respect to said support (4), said blocking means (18) are disabled and free up said support (4) with respect to said housing (2), by isolating said support (4) from said housing (2),

characterized in that,
said retractable blocking means (18) are axial and rotatable immobilizing said target (5) holder support (4) in the accommodation (10) of said housing (2), when said retractable blocking means (18) are active, and in that

said retractable blocking means (18) are defined by external spigots (20) forming a radial protrusion from a wall (14) of said support and which are engaged in corresponding slots (22) provided in internal lateral tabs (21) forming a radial protrusion from the wall (14) bounding said accommodation.

US Pat. No. 9,068,524

FAULT ANALYSIS METHOD AND FAULT ANALYSIS DEVICE FOR AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A fault analysis method for an internal combustion engine having a plurality of cylinders, comprising:
repeatedly determining an angular speed of the internal combustion engine, and
adapting a parameter of the combustion process of one of the plurality of cylinders in order to equalize the times in which
the internal combustion engine covers each of a plurality of angular intervals corresponding, to the plurality of cylinders,
and

determining an increase in the an angular speed of the internal combustion engine in each of the plurality of angular intervals,
the angular speed increase in each angular interval resulting from an injection in a corresponding one of the cylinders,

calculating an injection quantity for each cylinder based on the determined increase in angular speed corresponding to that
cylinder,

determining, base at least on the injection quantities calculated for each cylinder, that the one of the plurality of cylinders
is defective.

US Pat. No. 9,297,328

FUEL INJECTION SYSTEM OF AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE, AND ASSOCIATED PRESSURE REGULATING METHOD

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A fuel injection system of an internal combustion engine, comprising:
a first and a second fuel pump,
a leakage-prone volume flow regulating valve arranged in a fuel line between the first and the second fuel pump,
a fuel temperature sensor measuring a fuel temperature downstream of the first fuel pump and upstream of the second fuel pump,
and

an automated control unit configured to actuate the first fuel pump as a function of a position of the leakage-prone volume
flow regulating valve, a detected operating state of the internal combustion engine, and the measured fuel temperature, such
that the leakage-prone volume flow regulating valve serves as the sole control element for a fuel pressure regulation operation
in the fuel injection system, and

wherein the control unit operates to deactivate the first fuel pump in response to detecting the operating state of the internal
combustion engine corresponds to a first predefined operating state, and

activate the first fuel pump in response to detecting the operating state of the internal combustion engine corresponds to
a second predefined operating state different from the first predefined operating state.

US Pat. No. 9,124,142

INDUCTIVE CHARGING DEVICE FOR A PORTABLE APPARATUS INCORPORATING A NEAR-FIELD COMMUNICATION ANTENNA

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. An inductive charging device for a portable apparatus for an automobile vehicle comprising at least:
one antenna for inductive charging, called charging antenna, having a cut-out at its center and,
one antenna for communicating, called communication antenna, disposed around at least the charging antenna, along sides of
the charging device and comprising at least one winding,

said device being characterized in that:
on at least one of the sides of the charging device, the communication antenna forms at least one loop having at least one
crossing point on its base, the loop of said communication antenna having at least one upper part surrounding the center of
the cut-out of the charging antenna,

the upper part of the loop of the communication antenna surrounding the center of the cut-out has at least one winding, and
the number of windings on the upper part of the communication antenna surrounding the center of the cut-out is greater than
the number of windings on the communication antenna situated around the charging antenna.

US Pat. No. 9,061,651

METHOD FOR CHARACTERIZING A PORTABLE DEVICE BY WAY OF AN ANTENNA ON BOARD A MOTOR VEHICLE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A method for characterizing, by way of at least one primary antenna (13, 31) on board a motor vehicle (10), a mobile device (20) of indeterminate type comprising a secondary antenna (21) of indeterminate size, approaching said motor vehicle (10) in an indeterminate approach mode, said primary antenna (13, 31) being intended to communicate with the secondary antenna (21) of said mobile device (20), and generating a voltage (V) across its terminals, said voltage (V) being linked to an on-board system (11) of the motor vehicle (10), the method comprising the following steps:
step 1: measuring by the on-board system (11) the voltage (V) across the terminals of the primary antenna (13, 31), over a series of predetermined time periods (?t1, ?t2),

step 2: computing by the on-board system (11) a voltage difference (?V) for each predetermined time period (?t1, ?t2),

step 3: comparing by the on-board system (11), for each predetermined time period (?t1, ?t2), the voltage difference (?V) thus computed with a value previously stored in the memory and,

step 4: determining whether the mobile device is of dielectric type or metallic type,
if the voltage difference (?V) is positive, then the mobile device (20) is of dielectric type,

if the voltage difference (?V) is negative, then the mobile device (20) is of metallic type,

step 5: once the type of the mobile device has been characterized, determining whether the mobile device is in static approach
mode or dynamic approach mode,

if the voltage difference (?V) is zero over a predetermined time period (?t2), which is above a time threshold (?th1) then the mobile device (20) is in static approach mode,

otherwise the mobile device (20) is in dynamic approach mode.

US Pat. No. 9,223,697

COMPUTER REPROGRAMMING METHOD, DATA STORAGE MEDIUM AND MOTOR VEHICLE COMPUTER

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A method of reprogramming a motor vehicle computer, the method comprising:
reprogramming the motor vehicle computer by modifying content of a non-volatile rewritable memory of said computer, said reprogramming
being carried out by reprogramming software stored in the non-volatile rewritable memory, the reprogramming software being
organized into a plurality of software components assigned to tasks to be performed for reprogramming the computer, the execution
of the tasks being initiated by a task sequencer, the software components of the reprogramming software being divided in advance
into at least two sets, a first set including each software component to be executed simultaneously with an operation of modifying
the content of the non-volatile rewritable memory, a second set including some or all of the other software components of
the reprogramming software,

wherein, during the reprogramming, the software components of the second set are executed by a microprocessor of the computer
from the non-volatile rewritable memory, and the task sequencer and the software components of the first set to be executed
are copied into a volatile memory of the computer before the reprogramming, and are executed by the microprocessor from said
volatile memory during the reprogramming.

US Pat. No. 9,205,809

VEHICLE UNIT AND METHOD FOR OPERATING THE VEHICLE UNIT

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A vehicle unit for controlling vehicle functions, comprising:
a microprocessor (20); and

a memory (10), connected to the microprocessor, on which a main operating system is implemented, the main operating system forming an
interface between hardware and application programs and user interactions,

wherein the microprocessor is configured in a microkernel architecture with separate partitions for a main operating system
unit (1), a cryptographic unit (4) and a supervision unit (2),

wherein the main operating system is configured in the main operating system unit (1), software certificates are stored in the cryptographic unit (4), and a verification program, configured to verify certificates and software packages being set up in the cryptographic unit
(4), and a monitoring program, configured to monitor the function of the other partitions of the microkernel architecture, are
provided in the supervision unit (2), and

wherein the supervision unit (2) is configured to initiate a recovery method for the partition with the main operating system, in the event of an error in
the main operating system, using the monitoring program.

US Pat. No. 9,097,151

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR MEASURING THE SOOT LOAD IN THE EXHAUST GAS SYSTEMS OF DIESEL ENGINES

Continental Automotive Gm...

6. A device for measuring a soot load in an exhaust gas system of diesel engines having a particle filter comprising:
a sensor element connected downstream of the particle filter, the sensor element configured to one of resistively and capacitively
measure the soot load using electrodes, wherein the electrodes are formed on the sensor element and a measurement voltage
is applied between the electrodes; and

sensor electronic circuits configured to measure a current that flows across the electrodes of the sensor element and determine
a value for the soot load and soot concentration in the exhaust gas from the measured current value,

wherein the sensor electronic circuits are further configured to control the measurement voltage as a function of at least
one instantaneous operating parameter of the diesel engine and at least one of:

A) calculate at least one of a moisture of the exhaust gas and a temperature of the exhaust gas as the at least one instantaneous
operating parameter of the diesel engine; and

acquire an optimum measurement voltage of the sensor element from the at least one of the moisture of the exhaust gas and
the temperature of the exhaust gas; and

B) acquire a value for soot concentration in the exhaust gas over a time profile of the measured current value.

US Pat. No. 9,322,673

POSITION SENSOR

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A position sensor configured to detect a rotation angle of a shaft, comprising:
electronic components of the position sensor;
a leadframe on which the electronic components of the position sensor are arranged and to which said electronic components
are electrically connected;

an encapsulation comprising plastic, the encapsulation surrounding at least the electronic components forming a sensor module
with the leadframe and a plurality of electrical connections of the sensor module which are formed by the leadframe, the encapsulation
having a first face arranged on a first side of the leadframe, a second face opposite the first face arranged on a second
side of the leadframe, and an edge face between the first face and the second face;

a carrier module that accommodates the sensor module, the carrier module having electrical contact connections embedded therein
that are electrically connected to respective ones of the plural electrical connections of the sensor module; and

at least two domes between which the sensor module is arranged, respective free end of the domes are deformed to merge with
at least one of a portion of the edge face of the encapsulation of the sensor module and a portion of the leadframe such that
the sensor module is clamped in its position.

US Pat. No. 9,267,609

VALVE HAVING A SENSOR TO DETERMINE AN ANGLE OF ROTATION OF A VALVE FLAP

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A valve comprising:
a housing;
a drive shaft mounted in the housing;
a flap which is arranged rotatably in the housing and connected to the drive shaft;
an electric motor configured to drive the drive shaft;
a sensor having a magnet and configured to determine an angle of rotation of the flap;
a gearing arranged between the electric motor and the drive shaft and having at least one toothed segment, the at least one
toothed segment having at least two detent hooks configured to engage around the magnet; and

a spring element configured to preload the magnet against the at least two detent hooks,
wherein the at least one toothed segment has a central recess dimensioned to accept the magnet, and
wherein the spring element is formed as a molding pointing radially towards a middle point of the at least one toothed segment
and protruding into the central recess.

US Pat. No. 9,243,577

SENSOR FOR DETECTING THE MASS FLOW RATE AND THE TEMPERATURE OF A FLUID FLOW

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A sensor (1) for detecting the mass flow rate and the temperature of a fluid flow, comprising:
a power supply;
a mass flow rate sensor (2) having a mass flow rate sensor element (5) configured to generate analog measured values;

a temperature sensor (3) having a temperature sensor element (6) configured to generate an analog measured value;

an interface (13) for the power supply; and

at least one analog/digital converter (7) configured to convert the analog measured values of the mass flow rate sensor element (5) and/or the analog measured value of the temperature sensor element (6) into digital output signals and provide the digital output signals at a single digital interface (12).

US Pat. No. 9,299,199

SYNCHRONIZATION OF RECORDS OF DUTY STATUS BETWEEN A VEHICLE AND A STATIONARY UNIT

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A system (10) for synchronizing records of duty status, RODS, information of a vehicle with a stationary unit, comprising:
at least one mobile unit (100) configured to generate RODS, store the generated RODS, and transmit RODS; and

a stationary unit (300) configured to receive and store RODS transmitted by the at least one mobile unit,

wherein the at least one mobile unit (100) is further configured to transmit a newly generated first RODS to the stationary unit in an initial synchronization step
of a synchronization process of synchronizing the RODS stored on the at least one mobile unit and the RODS stored on the stationary
unit,

wherein the at least one mobile unit (100) is further configured to generate a checksum of the first RODS after transmission of the first RODS to the stationary unit
and to transmit only the checksum of the first RODS to the stationary unit in a subsequent synchronization step of the synchronization
process,

wherein the stationary unit (300) is configured to generate a checksum of the RODS received from the at least one mobile unit (100), wherein in the event of any discrepancy between the checksum generated by the at least one mobile unit (100) and the checksum generated by the stationary unit (300), the RODS from the stationary unit overrules the RODS from the mobile unit (100), and

wherein the checksum is generated according to a first checksum generation algorithm.
US Pat. No. 9,189,898

TACHOGRAPH HAVING AN INTERFACE FOR AN EXTERNAL DATA INPUT DEVICE

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A tachograph, comprising:
a control unit;
an output unit connected to the control unit;
an interface configured to be connected to a data bus; and
at least one further interface configured to establish a network connection between an external data input device and the
output unit,

wherein data provided on the external data input device is output by the output unit, and
wherein data received at the further interface is not interchanged with the interface configured to be connected to the data
bus.

US Pat. No. 9,184,510

ANTENNA STRUCTURE FOR A VEHICLE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. An antenna structure for a vehicle, comprising:
first and second insulating substrate plates that intersect each other at a right angle and which are positioned perpendicularly
on a lower supply region; and

an electrically conductive structure arranged on each of the first and second substrate plates, each electrically conductive
structure comprising:

a first U-shaped dipole structure arranged on a corresponding one of the first and second substrate plates, the first U-shaped
dipole structure comprising:

a line element on an upper edge region of the corresponding substrate plate, and
two electrically conductive limbs on side regions of the corresponding substrate plate, and in electrical contact with the
line element, and

a monopole arranged on the corresponding substrate plate, asymmetrically with respect to the first U-shaped dipole structure
arranged on the corresponding substrate plate, and at an electromagnetically coupling distance from one of the two electrically
conductive limbs of the first U-shaped dipole structure arranged on the corresponding substrate, wherein a second U-shaped
dipole structure for a higher frequency band is arranged on each of the first and second substrate plates, and wherein the
dimensions of each second U-shaped dipole structure are smaller than the dimensions of the first U-shaped dipole structure
on the corresponding substrate plate.

US Pat. No. 9,181,845

METHOD FOR CALCULATING THE NO2 CONTENT AT THE INLET OF A SELECTIVE REDUCTION CATALYST AND DEVICE FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THIS METHOD

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A method for determining nitrogen dioxide content at an inlet of a selective catalytic reduction device of an exhaust system
of an internal combustion engine, wherein the exhaust system comprises:
a gas exhaust pipe,
a tank for a reducing agent,
an injector that injects the reducing agent into the exhaust pipe,
a first sensor that measures a concentration of nitrogen oxides in the exhaust pipe, and
a second sensor that measures the concentration of nitrogen oxides in the exhaust pipe,
wherein the tank, injector, and first sensor are located upstream of the selective catalytic reduction device, and the second
sensor is located downstream of the selective catalytic reduction device; said method comprising:

halting an injection of reducing agent into the exhaust pipe,
measuring the concentration of nitrogen oxides present in the exhaust pipe upstream and downstream of the selective catalytic
reduction device during a period of time,

determining the amount of nitrogen dioxide accumulated in the selective catalytic reduction device during said period of time
from the change in the concentration of nitrogen oxides measured upstream and downstream of the selective catalytic reduction
device by calculating the difference in concentration of nitrogen oxides between the upstream and the downstream of the selective
catalytic reduction device which corresponds to the storage of the nitrogen dioxide in said selective catalytic reduction
device, and

determining the nitrogen dioxide content upstream of the selective catalytic reduction device from the determined amount of
nitrogen dioxide accumulated per unit of time.

US Pat. No. 9,344,083

METHOD FOR OPENING/CLOSING OF A SECURE HANDS-FREE ACCESS BY DETECTION OF MOVEMENT OF A LOWER MEMBER OF A USER

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A method for opening/closing an access (102) in hands-free access mode made secure by detection of movement of a lower member (3, 4) of a user by a remote access system, this access system comprising at least two means of detection (1, 2) which each emit a signal whose variations (10, 12; 31, 33, 35) are analyzed, the method comprising:
validating detection of a movement of the lower member of the user (3, 4) by application of a double verification step according to a criterion for identification of a form of variation (F2) of each signal's derivative function with a model form of said movement (23), and according to a criterion for simultaneity of detection of the forms of variation (25) identified on the signal's derivative function,

wherein the form of variation (F2) to be verified includes points (A, B,) between two slopes of opposite signs of V-shaped type,

wherein the identification criterion comprises detecting times (tA, tB) of critical changes in variation of slope inclination
of the form of variation (F2), corresponding to a first one of said points (A) and a second one of said points (B) of the form of variation (F2), in order to acquire values of the critical changes in variation of slope inclination (dAsA, dAsB) at the first point (A)
and at the second point (B),

determining values of a ratio R of variation in instantaneous amplitude and of duration EtA of travel of the form of variation
(F2), and

comparing (61, 63, 59) these values of critical variations in slope inclination (dAsA, dAsB), of the ratio R of variation in amplitude, and of
duration EtA of the form of variation (F2) with predefined threshold values (Amin, Bmin; Etmax; Rmin).

US Pat. No. 9,217,351

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR OPERATING AN SCR SYSTEM

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A selective catalytic reduction (SCR) system in an internal combustion engine, comprising:
a urea solution supply;
an ultrasound based urea concentration sensor (17) configured to produce a measurement signal representative of a propagation time of an ultrasonic pulse along a predefined
path length in a fluid (9) of the urea solution supply;

an SCR catalytic converter (5) in an exhaust gas duct (1);

a feed line (15), configured to supply the fluid (9) to the exhaust gas duct (1) at a point upstream of the SCR catalytic converter (5);

a dispenser (3) arranged upstream of the SCR catalytic converter (5) and configured to dispense an amount of the fluid (9) entering the exhaust gas duct (1);

a nitrogen sensor (6) arranged downstream of the SCR catalytic converter (5) in the exhaust gas duct (1), and a control device (23); and

the control device being configured to, if a detection by the nitrogen sensor (6) indicates that the nitrogen oxide concentration in exhaust gas downstream of the SCR catalytic converter (5) exceeds a predefined threshold value:

heat at least the fluid (9) in a detection region of the urea concentration sensor (17) from a predefined first temperature to a predefined second temperature;

detect the measurement signal during the heating at at least a third and fourth temperature and in each case to determine
a raw concentration characteristic value, as a function of the respective measurement signal, which raw concentration characteristic
value is representative of the propagation time of the ultrasonic pulse; and

determine a concentration characteristic value, representative of a concentration of urea in the fluid (9), as a function of the raw concentration characteristic values by:

determining a gradient as a function of the raw concentration characteristic values and the assigned temperatures, and
determining the concentration characteristic value as a function of the gradient; and
on the basis of the determined concentration characteristic, adjusting the dispensed quantity of the fluid (9) being provided to the exhaust gas duct (1).

US Pat. No. 9,320,165

HOUSING COVER PANEL FOR ACCOMMODATING PLUG-IN MODULES

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A housing component, comprising:
a housing cover for a housing of a control unit, the housing cover having a plurality of plug modules and a housing cover
panel formed with cutouts for receiving the plug modules, said housing cover panel having a connection side facing away from
an interior of said housing cover;

at least one of said plug modules having a carrier body, said carrier body, on a side thereof facing said housing cover panel,
being formed with a channel which, in a plan view of a side facing said housing cover panel, runs along an outer contour of
said carrier body;

at least one of said cutouts being formed with a peripheral recess parallel to the edges of said at least one cutout on the
connection side of said housing cover panel and a respective plug module being configured to sit on and to be fastened to
said peripheral recess;

said cutout with said peripheral recess being associated with said at least one plug module having said carrier body with
said channel, so that, in a mounted state of the housing component, an edge region of said carrier body that runs around said
channel, engages in said recess, and a section of said housing cover panel formed between said cutout and said recess engages
in said channel; and

an amount of sealing compound disposed in said peripheral recess for sealing said plug modules that are arranged on said housing
cover panel with respect to said housing cover panel.

US Pat. No. 9,182,430

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MEASURING A VALUE OF A RESISTOR

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A method of measuring a value of a resistor, which comprises:
providing a first RC element, formed of a first capacitor and a further resistor and having a first time constant, and charging
the first capacitor to a first voltage;

providing a second RC element, formed of a second capacitor and the resistor to be measured and having a second time constant,
and charging the second capacitor to a second voltage;

if the first time constant is greater than the second time constant, the first voltage is smaller than the second voltage,
and vice versa, and a ratio of the first voltage to the second voltage is 1/K;

with an evaluation circuit, initiating a discharge of the capacitors and measuring a time interval that elapses from a start
of the discharge of the capacitors to an instant at which the first and second voltages across the capacitors are equal, and
determining a value of the resistor to be measured from the values of the first and second capacitors, of said further resistor,
the ratio of the first voltage to the second voltage, and the measured time;

wherein said evaluation circuit is configured to determine the value of the resistor according to the formula
wherein:
RL is the value of the resistor to be measured;

CL is the capacitance of the second capacitor;

T0 is the measured time interval;

RR a resistance of the first resistor;

CR is a capacitance of the first capacitor;

K is a ratio of the first voltage to the second voltage.

US Pat. No. 9,347,876

INFRARED OPTICAL SENSOR INCORPORATING A TRANSMISSION MEASURING CELL

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. An optical sensor for the analysis of a liquid, the optical sensor (100) comprising:
a housing (1);

a duct (2?) having a central section configured to permit the liquid to flow; and

a spectral analysis device, comprising an infrared source (22) that emits a light beam (30) in an infrared wavelength band, and a receiving device (28) that receives the light beam (30), the light beam arranged to pass through the liquid before being received by the receiving device, the spectral analysis
device further comprising a base (16), an optical component (9) that analyzes the light beam, and a support plate (13), arranged on the base (16), which carries the infrared source (22) and the receiving device (28),

wherein the liquid is caused to flow through a loop (4) in the central section of the duct (2?) enclosed by walls of the optical component (9) that forms twin arches (50, 52),

wherein the housing (1) forms a projection (60) in said twin arches,

wherein a sealing gasket (10) is compressed between the optical component (9) and the housing (1) such to prevent any diffusion of the liquid on an interior of the housing (1), and

wherein a first arch (52) of the twin arches is formed in a plane of propagation of the light beam (30), and a second arch (50) of the twin arches is formed in a plane perpendicular to said plane of propagation of the light beam (30).

US Pat. No. 9,201,427

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING A VALVE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A method for controlling a valve having a spring with a spring force, an actuator with an actuator force that counteracts
the spring force, and a pin coupled to the spring and which can be actuated by the actuator, the method comprising:
applying to the actuator a current having a predefined profile proceeding from a starting value of the current, at which the
pin is in a starting position in which the pin allows movement of a de-energized valve between open and closed positions,

wherein the predefined current profile includes at least one section, each section defining:
a starting current value,
a final current value that is lower than the starting current value,
a first time interval with a continuously falling current profile, and
a subsequent second time interval with a continuously rising current profile, and
wherein after the predefined profile of the current is passed through, the pin is in an end position in which the pin prevents
movement of the de-energized valve between the open and closed positions.

US Pat. No. 9,074,547

METHOD FOR ADAPTING THE ACTUAL INJECTION QUANTITY, INJECTION DEVICE AND INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A method for regulating fuel injection quantities of an injector of an internal combustion engine, comprising:
implementing a test cycle including a test injection pulse during a normal fired combustion operating state of the internal
combustion engine,

detecting a rotational speed signal of the internal combustion engine caused by the test injection pulse,
using a processor, determining a crankshaft acceleration based on the detected rotational speed signal caused by the test
injection pulse,

using the processor, determining an actual injected fuel quantity of the injector based on the determined crankshaft acceleration
associated with the test injection pulse, and

using the processor, adjusting actuation data of the injector for subsequent fuel injections based on the determined actual
injected fuel quantity.

US Pat. No. 9,200,580

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR OPERATING AN INJECTION VALVE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A method for operating an indirectly-driven injection valve having a longitudinal axis, a nozzle needle in a valve space,
a control valve in a control space and an actuator which is embodied as a solid actuator in an actuator space, wherein the
actuator is designed to act on the control valve, and the control valve is designed to act on the nozzle needle, wherein the
nozzle needle is designed to prevent, in a closed position, a flow of fluid through at least one injection opening and otherwise
to enable the flow of fluid, the method comprising:
feeding different predefined quantities of electrical energy to the actuator in a plurality of adaptation passes in order
to change an axial length of the actuator,

for each respective adaptation pass:
after the predefined quantity of electrical energy which is assigned to the respective adaptation pass has been fed in, detecting
a first and second voltage value across the actuator,

determining a voltage difference value as a function of the first and second voltage values, and
comparing the voltage difference value with a predefined threshold value for that respective adaptation pass,
determining, for a particular adaptation pass, that the voltage difference value is less than the predefined threshold value,
which indicates that axial position of the nozzle needle remains unchanged throughout the feeding of the predefined quantity
of electrical energy, and in response to such determination, discharging the actuator and executing a subsequent adaptation
pass using a different predefined quantity of electrical energy, such that the particular adaptation pass involves electrically
charging and discharging the actuator without causing an axial movement of the nozzle needle, and

determining, for the subsequent adaptation pass, that the voltage difference value is greater than or equal to the predefined
threshold value, and in response to such determination:

determining an energy offset value based on the predefined quantity of electrical energy assigned to that respective adaptation
pass, and

adapting at least one actuation of the actuator for injecting fluid as a function of the determined energy offset value.

US Pat. No. 9,347,413

METHOD AND CONTROL UNIT FOR CONTROLLING AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A method for controlling a single-cylinder or multi-cylinder internal combustion engine having at least one fuel injector
per cylinder for injecting fuel, at least one camshaft for actuating at least one inlet valve and/or at least one outlet valve,
wherein a valve drive adjustment device is provided for controllable change of the actuation characteristic of at least one
valve that is actuated by means of the camshaft, a crankshaft sensor which outputs a crankshaft signal which represents the
crankshaft angle, and a control unit for controlling the fuel injection and the valve drive adjustment device, the method
comprising:
the control unit receiving at least one cylinder pressure signal from a cylinder pressure sensor for measuring the pressure
in an associated cylinder,

the control unit evaluating the at least one cylinder pressure signal with regard to interference signals, and
the control unit controlling the valve drive adjustment device based at least on the evaluation result of the at least one
cylinder pressure signal,

wherein the control unit further receives a camshaft signal output by a camshaft sensor,
wherein the control unit further evaluates the at least one cylinder pressure signal and the camshaft signal to determine
a present setting of the valve drive adjustment device by setting a certain event of a valve actuation process relative to
a time or crank angle.

US Pat. No. 9,322,636

INDUCTIVE SENSOR FOR ANGULAR MEASUREMENT OF THE POSITION OF A MOVING PART AND MEASURING METHOD USING SUCH A SENSOR

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. An inductive sensor for measuring the angular position of a rotating part, the inductive sensor comprising:
a primary winding associated with at least one secondary winding; and
a target rigidly connected with the rotating part rotating about a central axis,
the primary winding being centered about an axis that is coincident with the central axis of the target, and carrying a high-frequency
alternating current which induces a voltage in each secondary winding,

each secondary winding, which is centered about the central axis, is made up of a number k (k?2) of substantially identical
loops, forming angular sectors, with opening SB, which are successively crossed and arranged opposite the primary winding,
and

the target is made up of p (p?1) angular sectors having a same angular opening ? of value ?0equal to the opening SB of the
loop sectors and which are regularly distributed opposite the primary and secondary windings,

wherein the opening ? of each target angular sector is reduced by an adjustment angular sector SA which is equal to the fraction

 such that a ?=SB?SA,
wherein:
C = an angular scanning course of the sensor between two target successive positions that are identical,
h= an order of the harmonic to be eliminated in a linearity deviation Fourier decomposition, which is defined between measured
and real angular values for positions of the target over the course C, and

r = the number k of loops per secondary winding relative to the number p of sectors of the target:

US Pat. No. 9,301,330

METHOD FOR MOBILE RADIO COMMUNICATION AND COMMUNICATION DEVICE

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A method for mobile radio communication between a communication partner device and a mobile communication device, wherein
one of the communication devices is a calling communication device and the other of the communication devices is a receiving
communication device and wherein at least the mobile communication device has two communication facilities for setting up
different mobile radio connections, the method comprising:
conducting a communication, at least temporarily, via at least two different mobile radio connections in two different mobile
radio networks;

evaluating the reception quality of receive signals of each mobile radio connection in the mobile communication device;
selecting the mobile radio connection with the best reception quality for the mobile radio communication, at least in a receiving
direction;

deriving different audio signals from the receive signals of the different mobile radio connections; and
feeding the derived different audio signals to a delay circuit, which aligns transit time differences and/or the amplitude
differences of the derived different audio signals with respect to one another,

wherein the communication partner device of the mobile communication device is also equipped with two communication facilities
configured to set up different communication connections, and

wherein the receiving communication device, after receiving a call to initially set up a communication via a first mobile
radio connection of the first communication facility:

(a) actively sets up a parallel second mobile radio connection via the second communication facility to the calling communication
device, and

(b) autonomously starts a callback to the calling communicating device via the parallel second mobile radio connection.

US Pat. No. 9,264,112

METHOD FOR OPERATING A COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM IN WIRELESS VEHICLE-TO-ENVIRONMENT COMMUNICATION, AND COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A method for operating a communication system (9) in wireless vehicle-to-environment communication, comprising:
transmitting, using the communication system (9), different information as signals on various radio channels (CCH, SCH) in accordance with its content, the communication
system (9) having at least two reception paths (P1, P2) each having at least one separate antenna and an associated separate receiver for receiving the transmitted signals in a
radio channel (CCH, SCH) from among the various radio channels (CCH, SCH); and

changing over the communication system (9) between two modes of operation when a changeover criterion (U1, U2) is satisfied, such that the at least two reception paths (P1, P2) receive signals on a different radio channel (CCH, SCH) in a first mode of operation and receive signals on the same radio
channel (CCH or SCH) in a second mode of operation.

US Pat. No. 9,121,728

LINEAR POSITION SENSOR

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A device for measuring the position of a target constituted of an electrically conductive material in a longitudinal direction,
which device comprises:
a track extending along a longitudinal axis parallel to the measurement direction, which track comprises a primary winding
adapted to induce an electrical current in a secondary winding that is organized in accordance with a periodic geometry so
as to cover the area of the track by at least two winding loops over the length of the latter track;

a target comprising a leading edge, mobile longitudinally relative to the track and superposed thereon between a first point
and a second point delimiting a measurement amplitude and able, between these two points, to modify the current induced by
the primary winding in the secondary winding;

the target extending in the longitudinal direction from its leading edge, and
during relative movement of the target between the first point and the second point the track area covered by the target being
strictly increasing,

characterized in that:
the leading edge of the target is inclined at a non-zero angle ?, in a plane of the surface of the target, relative to an
axis that is parallel to the surface of the target and perpendicular to the longitudinal axis thereof.

US Pat. No. 9,322,671

METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE POSITION OF A MAGNETIC ELEMENT USING HALL EFFECT LINEAR SENSORS AND ASSOCIATED DEVICE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A method for determining the position of a magnetic element, situated on a gearbox selector of a gearbox of an automobile
vehicle, generating a magnetic field, said gearbox selector moving in two directions with respect to a longitudinal axis,
a main direction, and a secondary direction, the magnetic element being situated facing a position sensor including three
Hall effect cells, the method comprising:
measuring a first voltage, a second voltage, and a third voltage at the respective outputs of a first one of the Hall effect
cells, a second one of the Hall effect cells, and a third one of the Hall effect cells;

using the three Hall effect cells oriented in the same direction to measure the magnetic field and positioned in the following
manner:

two of the Hall effect cells are aligned on a transverse axis perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the gearbox selector
and have a first gap between the two Hall effect cells along the transverse axis, and

the third Hall effect cell is positioned on the longitudinal axis, perpendicularly to the transverse axis, passing through
the other two Hall effect cells, the third Hall effect cell having a second gap along the longitudinal axis with respect to
the position of the first two Hall effect cells on the longitudinal axis;

calculating a ratiometric ratio between the first voltage, the second voltage, and the third voltage defined by:

with V=?{square root over (V12+V22)}, the geometric mean between the first voltage and the second voltage, and k, k1, and k3 being constants associated with design parameters of the position sensor; and

deducing the position of the magnetic element in the secondary direction of movement of the gearbox selector of the gearbox,
the ratio P varying linearly with the position of the magnetic element in the secondary direction of movement of the gearbox
selector of the gearbox.

US Pat. No. 9,290,070

WHEEL RIM EQUIPPED WITH AN INFLATION VALVE AND METHOD OF INSTALLATION OF SUCH A VALVE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. Wheel rim of a motor vehicle equipped with a inflation valve (10) of a type that is capable of elastic deformation adapted to be positioned in an opening (30) in the wheel rim, said inflation valve (10) exhibiting:
a valve body (12) made from an elastically deformable material surrounding a valve core (11) adapted to form an air passageway (15), the valve body (12) being provided with a sealing groove (21) adapted to receive the wheel rim,

an external extremity (13) provided with a sealing cap (18) for closing the air passageway (15) in a detachable manner,

an internal extremity (14) forming a valve head (20) having a diameter greater than the opening in the wheel rim,

an intermediate part (22) having a diameter greater than the opening in the wheel rim and smaller than the valve head (20) situated between the external extremity (13) of the inflation valve and the sealing groove (21),
the said wheel rim being characterized in that a means for the distribution (40) of shear forces is arranged between the wheel rim (31) and the valve (12).

US Pat. No. 9,269,142

METHOD FOR DETERMINING A STATE OF OBSTRUCTION OF AT LEAST ONE CAMERA INSTALLED IN A STEREOSCOPIC SYSTEM

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A method for determining a state of obstruction of at least one camera in a multi-camera system installed on board a vehicle
comprising the following steps:
acquisition of the successive stereoscopic images of a field of view, each stereoscopic image from the multi-camera system
being formed from left and right images (11, 12) produced simultaneously and digitally stored in the form of pixels,

calculation of a disparity map based on successive multi-camera images, and
calculation of a level of obstruction as being a weighted average determined by the following steps:
breakdown of the disparity map (20) into sectors (10),

determination of the density of each sector (10) by the fraction of pixels with a disparity considered to be valid (108),

determination of a probability of stereo obstruction by sector (109) of the disparity map (20) by comparison between the density of this sector (10) and a predefined level of obstruction, and

determination (119) of a weighted average of the probabilities of obscuring of the sectors (10) as a function of a weighting (118) of the position of these sectors (10) within the disparity map (20),
wherein the method furthermore comprises a complementary mono-stereo combined analysis test including the following steps
in order to determine the presence of an object in front of a camera:
selection (112) of one of the two stereo images (11; 12) to be analyzed, referred to as mono image;

breakdown (113) of this mono image (11; 12) into sectors (10a) with the same dimensions as those (10b) of the disparity map (22) in order to form a mono map (32);

calculation (114) of a probability of mono obstruction by sector (10a) of the mono image (11; 12), carried out by an edge detection analysis and a detection of characteristic points using the detection data, transferred
onto the mono map (32);

comparison of the probabilities of stereo and mono obstruction, then merging (115) between the disparity map (22), having the probabilities of stereo obstruction (109) by sector (10b) and the mono map (32), having the probabilities of mono obstruction (114) by sector (10a), by assigning to each sector (10b) of the disparity map (22) the lowest probability of obstruction, corresponding to the highest density, so as to generate a disparity map referred
to as merged (42); and

if the probability of merged obstruction is globally less than the probability of stereo obstruction (test 116), the camera corresponding to the image being analyzed (11; 12) is considered as potentially obstructed and a processing is triggered (117);
in the opposite case, an object is considered as having masked the field of view of the camera being analyzed.

US Pat. No. 9,398,710

ENCLOSURE FOR AN ELECTRONIC CONTROL UNIT AND ELECTRONIC CONTROL UNIT

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. An enclosure for an electronic control unit, the enclosure comprising:
a rigid housing element for receiving electronic components of the electronic control unit, said rigid housing element being
open on one side;

an elastic cover covering said open side of said rigid housing element;
a protrusion element attached to or comprised by said rigid housing element, wherein said cover abuts said protrusion element
with a predetermined force when barometric pressures on different sides of said cover are equal; and

said cover having an aperture formed therein in a region where said cover abuts said protrusion element;
said cover and said protrusion element forming a valve being repeatedly movable between a closed position in which said cover
abuts said protrusion element to seal said aperture and an open position in which said cover is moved away from said protrusion
element to uncover said aperture.

US Pat. No. 9,137,870

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR COMMUNICATION BETWEEN AN ELECTRONIC MODULE AND A DETECTION SENSOR IN THE PRESENCE OF A LIGHT SOURCE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A method for communication between an electronic module (100) and a detection sensor (200), said detection sensor comprising a light source (LED10) and being supplied with current by way of a supply line (W10) connected to a voltage source (VBAT), said electronic module being suitable for measuring the modulations of the intensity
of the current flowing on said supply line, characterized in that the detection sensor (200) drives a gradual turning on/turning off of the light source (LED10) by way of a first modulation of the intensity of the current flowing in said light source in such a way that:
the light source (LED10) is turned off when the intensity of the current is in a so-called low state,

the light source (LED10) is turned on when the intensity of the current is in a so-called high state,

the light source (LED10) illuminates in a gradual manner when the intensity of the current evolves with a duty ratio varying gradually from the low
state to the high state,

the light source (LED10) turns off in a gradual manner when the intensity of the current evolves with a duty ratio varying gradually from the high
state to the low state,
and in that when a predefined event (D) is detected by the detection sensor (200), said detection sensor notifies the electronic module (100) with an information item according to which the event (D) has been detected, in the form of a second predefined modulation
of the intensity of current flowing in the light source (LED10) with respect to a high or low state depending on whether the light source (LED10) is turned on or turned off, with the proviso that prior to this notification, if the light source (LED10) is in the process of turning on, respectively of turning off, the gradual turning on, respectively the gradual turning off,
of said light source is interrupted so as to bring the intensity of current flowing in said light source to the high state,
respectively to the low state.

US Pat. No. 9,459,275

METHOD OF SAMPLING ACCELERATION MEASUREMENTS OF A MOTOR VEHICLE WHEEL

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

6. A device for sampling acceleration measurements of a wheel (10, 20, 30, 40) of a motor vehicle (1), said vehicle (1) having a tire pressure monitoring system, and being fitted with an electronic central unit (2), each of said wheels including:
a wheel unit (A, B, C, D) fixed to a rim (J10, J20, J30, J40) of radius R and having at least one accelerometer, measuring radial acceleration F1 of the wheel, and a microprocessor,

the accelerometer being configured to measure, for each wheel revolution, at given time intervals (Tmeasurement), a number (N) of radial acceleration values by the accelerometer;

said device comprising:
means for fixing a minimum number (N) of acceleration measurements per wheel revolution; and
means for determining time intervals (Tmeasurement) between two radial acceleration measurements, using the following relation:


wherein the accelerometer makes the radial acceleration measurements at the determined time intervals (Tmeasurement) from the means for determining time intervals; and

wherein the wheel unit receives and processes the radial acceleration measurements from the accelerometer and sends the processed
radial acceleration measurements to the electronic central unit.

US Pat. No. 9,330,552

DETECTION OF ICE ON A VEHICLE WINDOW BY MEANS OF AN INTERNAL TEMPERATURE SENSOR

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A method for adapting a signal processing of at least one sensor device that is arranged behind a windowpane in a motor
vehicle, wherein the adaptation of the signal processing comprises:
providing a temperature signal from at least one temperature sensor integrated in the sensor device,
determining that a probability of ice on the windowpane is detected on the basis of the temperature signal, and
changing at least one detection threshold of a vehicle obstacle detection system if the probability of ice on the window pane
is detected.

US Pat. No. 9,148,189

QUALITY ADJUSTMENT OF A RECEIVING CIRCUIT

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A receiving circuit for a communication device of an access arrangement, the receiving circuit comprising:
a resonant circuit comprising:
a receiving coil for converting magnetic induction caused by received radio signals into electrical current, and
a capacitor,
the resonant circuit configured to generate a resonant circuit output signal representing a field strength of the received
radio signals,

a first resistor;
field strength measurement circuitry configured to measure the field strength of the received radio signals;
telecommunication processing circuitry configured to perform telecommunication-based processing of the resonant circuit output
signal; and

switching circuitry operable to switch the receiving circuit between:
a field strength measurement state in which the resonant circuit is connected to the field strength measurement circuitry
and the first resistor, the first resistor damping a magnitude of the resonant circuit output signal to allow measurement
of the field strength of received radio signals, by the field strength measurement circuitry, based on the dampened resonant
circuit output signal; and

a signal processing state in which the resonant circuit is (a) disconnected from the field strength measurement circuitry
and the first resistor and (b) connected to the telecommunication processing circuitry, to thereby allow telecommunication-based
processing, by the telecommunication processing circuitry, of the resonant circuit output signal undamped by the resistor,

such that the resonant circuit is connected to the field strength measurement circuitry in the field strength measurement
state of the receiving circuit and disconnected from the field strength measurement circuitry in the signal processing state
of the receiving circuit.

US Pat. No. 9,384,921

BREAK-OFF-RESISTANT CONTROL DEVICE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A control device, comprising:
a commutator (60) which has a body (6) and a control rod (1) which extend along an axis (A), the control rod (1) being of plastics material and mounted at least with a degree of freedom relative to the body,

a button (2) of molded plastics material which comprises an axial recess (12) having an axis (A) in which the control rod (1) is at least partially received,

an anchoring ring (3) which is produced from sheet metal which is cut and folded and which is arranged around the control rod (1),

first resilient plates (4) which are arranged on the anchoring ring (3) and which are directed counter to the body (6) and which are oblique in the direction of the axis (A), each plate (4) having a free end (41) in abutment with the control rod (1),

resilient lugs (5) which are arranged on the anchoring ring (3) and which are directed toward the body and which are orientated in an oblique manner in a direction away from the axis (A),
the resilient lugs (5) being in abutment with the button (2).

US Pat. No. 9,316,478

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DETECTING WHEN A CLOSING POINT OF A HYDRAULIC VALVE HAS BEEN REACHED

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A method for detecting when a closing point of a hydraulic valve has been reached, wherein the valve has a closing body
which can be activated by an electric actuator in order to close the valve, the method comprising:
applying a voltage to the actuator, the voltage being predefined for closing the valve,
detecting a profile of a current flowing through the actuator during a closing process of the valve, the profile of the detected
current including a first rise corresponding to the valve being at least partially opened, a subsequent fall of the detected
current corresponding to a closing movement of the closing body, and a second rise of the detected current subsequent to the
fall of the detected current,

determining a local minimum of the detected current between the fall and the second rise in the profile of the detected current,
and

determining a closing point corresponding to a time of the local minimum of the detected current, based on the determined
local minimum of the detected current.

US Pat. No. 9,307,668

HOUSING FOR AN ELECTRIC CIRCUIT FOR A FUEL PUMP

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A housing for an electronic circuit for a fuel pump, comprising:
a printed circuit board configured as a base of the housing;
at least one of electric components and electronic components arranged on a first planar side of the printed circuit board;
a cover connected to the base;
a blocking layer arranged on and contacting a second planar side of the printed circuit board opposite the electric components
and electronic components arranged on the first planar side and configured to prevent fuel from diffusing through the printed
circuit board; and

an enclosed metallic track arranged on the first planar side of the printed circuit board on which the components are arranged,
an entirety of the enclosed metallic track contacting the first planar side of the printed circuit board, wherein:

the components are arranged in a region enclosed by the metallic track, and
the cover is connected to the metallic track by a soldered connection.

US Pat. No. 9,273,656

METHOD AND CONTROL UNIT FOR CONTROLLING AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A method for controlling a single- or multi-cylinder internal combustion engine having at least one fuel injector per cylinder
for injecting fuel, at least one camshaft for actuating inlet valves and/or outlet valves, which camshaft rotates at half
the speed of a crankshaft, a crankshaft sensor that supplies a crankshaft signal having a synchronization pulse for each crankshaft
revolution, said signal representing the crankshaft angle, and a control unit configured to control the fuel injectors during
a starting phase and during a normal operating phase, the method comprising:
the control unit receiving at least one cylinder pressure signal from a cylinder pressure sensor for measuring the pressure
in an associated cylinder having multiple associated valves,

the control unit determining interference signals from the at least one cylinder pressure signal with regard to interference
signals,

the control unit evaluating the interference signals by:
comparing a particular portion of the interference signals to multiple different pre-stored signal patterns corresponding
to the multiple valves or to multiple different valve events,

based on the comparison, selecting from the multiple different pre-stored signal patterns a particular pre-stored signal pattern
corresponding with the particular portion of the interference signals,

determining a particular one of the multiple valves or multiple valve events corresponding to the selected pre-stored signal
pattern corresponding with the particular portion of the interference signals,

the control unit determining the camshaft angle based at least on an evaluation result of the evaluation, and
the control unit controlling the fuel injectors during the starting phase based on the determined camshaft angle.

US Pat. No. 9,244,480

CONTROL DEVICE COMPRISING AT LEAST ONE PUSH-BUTTON

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A control device comprising at least one push-button (3) slideably mounted in a shell (1) in a push-button direction (P) substantially perpendicular to the shell (1), the device comprising elastic means (50) that tend to cause the button (3) to emerge from the shell (1) and retaining means (4, 30) that limit the travel of the button (3) against the action of the elastic means (50), characterized in that the retaining means comprise at least one hook (30) of the button (3) of which a nose (300) projects perpendicular to the push-button direction (P), and a rod (4) running parallel to the shell (1) to form an end stop for the button (3) in collaboration with the nose (300) of the hook (30), the rod (4) being mounted removably in the shell (1).

US Pat. No. 9,080,896

METHOD FOR ANALYZING SIGNALS FROM AN ANGLE SENSOR

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A method for analyzing signals from an angle sensor having a plurality of sensor elements that span a plane and a rotatable
element spaced apart from the plane to vary a field, the method comprising:
sensing by first and second ones of the plurality of sensor elements at least a first vector and a second vector, wherein
the first vector and the second vector are linearly independent of one another;

sensing by a third one of the plurality of sensor elements a third vector representing a distance between the plane and the
rotatable element;

deriving, from the third vector, a further variable that is dependent on the distance between the plane and the rotatable
element; and

controlling amplitudes of signals of the first and second sensor elements with an absolute value of the further variable.

US Pat. No. 9,417,158

ELECTRONIC UNIT FOR MEASURING OPERATING PARAMETERS OF A VEHICLE WHEEL, COMPRISING AN ELECTRONIC MODULE AND AN INFLATION VALVE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. An electronic unit for measuring operating parameters of a vehicle wheel, the electronic unit comprising:
an inflation valve including
a valve body configured to extend through an orifice in a wheel rim, and comprised of a trunk and an abutment head against
the rim, and

a rigid hollow tube extending in a continuation of the abutment head;
an electronic module configured to be mounted in a slidable manner around the rigid tube; and
a securing system configured to secure the electronic module and the inflation valve in a locked position of said electronic
module, the electronic module extending in a direct continuation of the abutment head of said inflation valve, the securing
system comprising

a locking system including locking devices for relative locking in translation of the electronic device along the rigid tube,
defining at least two positions of relative locking, each of the locking devices being configured to correspond to a preselected
thickness of the rim to be equipped with the electronic unit,

wherein the electronic device and the abutment head of the inflation valve comprise:
two complementary front faces configured to come into correspondence in the locked position of the electronic device, at a
predetermined minimum distance from each other that is identical for all preselected thicknesses of rims to be equipped with
the electronic unit, and

optical tracking devices configured to optically track a longitudinal position of the electronic device along the rigid tube,
configured to permit verification of whether the distance separating the two complementary front faces, in the locked position
of said electronic device, corresponds to the predetermined minimum distance, the optical tracking devices including at least
one projecting lug extending in relation to the front face of one of the electronic device and the abutment head and having
a length substantially greater than the minimum predetermined distance for the locked position of the electronic device, and
a recess configured to accommodate an extremity of the lug, arranged opposite one another in the front face of the other of
the electronic device and the abutment head.

US Pat. No. 9,404,455

METHOD FOR OPERATING AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE WITH ASSISTANCE FROM AN ELECTRIC MACHINE, AND INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A method for operating an internal combustion engine having at least one injector and an electric machine coupled to the
internal combustion engine, the method comprising performing the following method steps during an ignition phase other than
a fuel shut-off phase of the internal combustion engine:
during the operation of the internal combustion engine, performing injections to adapt injector parameters used for controlling
injection processes of the at least one injector, wherein the test injections generate positive torque pulses,

during the test injections, the electric machine generates negative torque pulses in a synchronized manner with the positive
torque pulses generated by the test injections, wherein said negative torque pulses generated by the electric machine counteract
the positive torque pulses generated by the test injections;

adapting an amplitude or a duration of the negative torque pulses generated by the electric machine over time; and
using the adapted amplitude or duration of the negative torque pulses (a) as a measure for the torque pulses generated by
the test injections and (b) for calculating a fuel amount to be injected or for adapting the injector parameters.

US Pat. No. 9,150,148

ON-BOARD LIGHTING DEVICE IN A MOTOR VEHICLE AND RELATED METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A LIGHT SOURCE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A lighting device carried on board a motor vehicle, said device comprising:
at least two light sources controlled by a pulse-width modulated lighting signal;
a body controller module generating the pulse-width modulated lighting signal, connected electrically to the light sources
and to at least two sensors detecting the approach and/or contact of a hand of a user;

a switching device located between each light source and the ground,
wherein each approach and/or contact detection sensor includes:
receiving and processing means receiving the pulse-width modulated lighting signal from the body controller module, and
a controller configured to control the switching device connected to the receiving and processing means, and
to one of the light sources via the switching device.

US Pat. No. 9,252,484

ANTENNA DEVICE AND METHOD OF ANTENNA CONFIGURATION

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A communication antenna device (D), on board a motor vehicle, for communicating with an antenna of a portable device, said
antenna device (D) including:
a communication antenna (A) including at least two parts, a first part (A1), comprising a maximum number of primary windings (E1MAX) and a second part (A2) comprising a maximum number of secondary windings (E2MAX),

a microcontroller (10) electrically connected to said antenna (A),
said antenna device (D) being characterized in that it further includes:
at least one first switching means (M1), located between the microcontroller (10), the first part (A1) and the second part (A2), for connecting the first part (A1) and/or the second part (A2) to the microcontroller (10),

at least one second switching means (M2), located between the microcontroller (10), and each primary winding (E1i) of the first part (A1) for connecting a determined number of primary windings (E1i) of the first part (A1) to the microcontroller (10), and

at least one third switching means (M3), located between the microcontroller (10), and each secondary winding (E2j) of the second part (A2) for connecting a determined number of secondary windings (E2j) of the second part (A2) to the microcontroller (10),

means of controlling (20) the first, second and third switching means (M1, M2, M3).

US Pat. No. 9,162,541

METHOD FOR DETECTING LEAKAGE OF A VEHICLE TIRE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A method, using at least one sensor and a computing device with a processor unit and memory, for detecting air leakage
from a tire, comprising:
measuring, via a sensor in communication with the computing device, and recording in the memory of the computing device, values
of two parameters, temperature (T) and pressure (P), of air inside the tire at successive measurement moments in time in which
a measurement is taken by the sensor and recorded in the memory, each measurement moment separated by a measurement period;

referencing the measures values (T, P) by calculating differences between the measured values of temperature (T) and measured
values of pressure (P) with respective reference values of temperature and pressure (Tref, Pref) to produce and record referenced values of temperature and pressure (?T, ?P);

calculating, for each of the recorded referenced pressure measurements (?P), a converted pressure (?PT) corresponding to a value of magnitude calibrated in temperature, according to the following formula:

?PT=KT×?P,
where KT is defined by the relation Tref/Pref;

monitoring and recording, for at least two sampling periods (n1, n2, n3), where each sampling period comprises a plurality of measurement periods, a change in a difference (?Q) calculated as

?Q=?PT??T
for the values of the referenced temperatures (?T) and converted pressures (?PT) of the measurement periods of respective sampling periods, where values of measured temperatures (T) and pressure (P) associated
with any sampling period collectively form a corresponding sampling measurement;

determining, averaging, and storing variations in values of the differences (?Q) for two consecutive sampling measurements,
with reference to a sampling period (n);

determining slopes (p(n)) of variation of the difference (?Q) for each sampling period (n1, n2, n3); and

upon a determination of a slope of variation (p(n)) of a difference (?Q) that remains negative for at least one sampling period
(n1 , n2, n3), outputting from the computing device an indication that an air leakage is detected (E1, E2, E3), as well as an indication of a fast or slow level of flow rate based on a comparison against predetermined threshold values
(S1a, S2a; S1b, S2b; S1c, S2c).

US Pat. No. 9,297,344

FUEL INJECTION VALVE FOR AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A fuel injection valve for an internal combustion engine, comprising:
an injector body having an injector shaft and a receiving hole for an injector needle, wherein the receiving hole defines:
an injector ring chamber in the injector shaft,
a cone-shaped valve seat at one end, and
a blind injector hole formed by a wall extending from a tip region of the cone-shaped valve seat, wherein the blind injector
hole has a smaller angle of taper than the cone-shaped valve seat, with respect to a longitudinal axis of the receiving hole,

at least one injector tip hole formed in a tip portion of the injector shaft, the at least one injector tip hole extending
from the blind injector hole and connecting the injector ring chamber below the valve seat to an outer region, and

an injector needle being movable in a longitudinal direction in the receiving hole and having a needle tip comprising:
a cone-shaped needle portion extending downstream from an elongated needle body, and
a needle pilot extending downstream from the cone-shaped needle portion, wherein the needle pilot has a smaller angle of taper
than the cone-shaped needle portion, with respect to the longitudinal axis of the receiving hole,

wherein the cone-shaped valve seat has an angle of taper that is smaller than the angle of taper of the cone-shaped needle
portion of the injector needle, such that in a closed state of the fuel injection valve the cone-shaped needle portion of
the needle tip rests on the cone-shaped valve seat only at a circumferential line of transition between the cone-shaped needle
portion and the elongated needle body, thereby defining a contiguous chamber between the cone-shaped needle portion and the
cone-shaped valve seat and between the needle pilot and the blind injector hole wall, the contiguous chamber being sealed
off from the injector ring chamber in the closed state of the fuel injection valve, and

wherein the needle pilot of the needle tip has a needle pilot tip having a cross-sectional shape with respect to the longitudinal
axis corresponding to the cross-sectional shape of the blind injector hole with respect to the longitudinal axis to protrude
into the blind injector hole reducing a compression volume formed between the valve seat and the at least one injector tip
hole extending from the blind injector hole in the closed state of the fuel injection valve.

US Pat. No. 9,217,786

METHOD FOR DIAGNOSING A VARIABLE RELUCTANCE MAGNETIC DETECTION HEAD, AND DETECTION CIRCUIT

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A diagnostics method for a variable-reluctance magnetic detection head (2) delivering an electrical signal (Uin), whereby a rising wavefront is compared with a first threshold (Th) in order to switch
from a first state (B0) to a second state (B1), and a falling wavefront is compared with a second threshold (Tb) lower than the first threshold (Th) in order to switch
from the second state (B1) to the first state (B0), characterized in that, in a diagnostics step, the first threshold (Th) or the second threshold (Tb) is modified, bringing
these thresholds closer together, and a magnetic detection head (2) is diagnosed as being defective if the duty cycle of the second state (B1) is modified during the diagnostics step by a value higher than a diagnostics threshold (S) predetermined in relation to
a reference level.

US Pat. No. 9,514,406

DEVICE FOR ANALYZING AND CLASSIFYING A MOBILE TERMINAL APPLICATION FOR A DOCKING STATION OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A device for analyzing and classifying (4) a mobile terminal (2) application (3), for a docking station (1) of a motor vehicle that is capable of interfacing with a mobile terminal (2), capable of supporting at least one application (3) of said mobile terminal (2), and having at least one remote interface means (8) capable of performing the functions of the interface means of the mobile terminal (2) for said application (3), the device comprising:
an analysis means (10) that analyzes and outputs an analysis of a data flow (7) exchanged between said application (3) and the docking station (1); and

a classifying means (11) that determines and outputs an application type (13) according to said analysis of the data flow, in order that the docking station (1) can determine, according to the driving conditions (9) of the motor vehicle, whether said application (3) is or is not authorized to access said at least one interface means (8).

US Pat. No. 9,355,506

METHOD FOR MANAGING FAULT MESSAGES OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A method for managing fault messages (m) of a motor vehicle by means of a monitoring computer of a motor vehicle, said
monitoring computer comprising:
At least two processing processors (P1, P2) which are adapted, on the one hand, to execute a plurality of fault diagnostic functions (DIAG) on the equipment of said
motor vehicle, and, on the other hand, to send a fault message (m) if a fault is detected during the execution of a fault
diagnostic function (DIAG), each fault message (m) having a priority ranking (mr),

A temporary memory (TMP), of the “first in first out” (FIFO) type without dynamic memory allocation, adapted to store fault
messages (m), said temporary memory (TMP) having a predetermined number (NTMP) of storage spaces for storing fault messages
(m),

A dynamic memory (DYN) for storing fault messages (m) to be read by a mechanic's diagnostic tool, said dynamic memory (DYN)
having a predetermined number (NDYN) of storage spaces for storing fault messages (m),

At least one of the processors (P1, P2) being adapted to store the fault messages (m) of the temporary storage memory (TMP) in the dynamic storage memory (DYN),

A predetermined filtering index (F) associating a filtering decision with an input pair composed of the priority ranking (mr)
of a fault message (m) and the number (NTMP-O) of temporary spaces occupied in the temporary storage memory (TMP) on the arrival
of said fault message (m), where said filtering decision may be a storage authorization (Y) or a storage refusal (N),

Said filtering index (F) associating a storage authorization (Y) with an input pair in which the number (NTMP-O) of temporary
spaces occupied in the temporary storage memory (TMP) is low and in which the priority ranking (mr) of said fault message
(m) is high,

Said filtering index associating a storage refusal (N) with an input pair in which the number (NTMP-O) of temporary spaces
occupied in the temporary storage memory (TMP) is high and in which the priority ranking (mr) of said fault message (m) is
low,

the method comprising:
A step (E1) of receiving a fault message (m) sent by one of the processing processors (P1, P2),

A step (E2) of forming an input pair composed of the priority ranking (mr) of said fault message (m) and the number (NTMP-O) of spaces
in the temporary storage memory (TMP) which are occupied,

A filtering step (E3) in which, if the filtering decision associated with said input pair by the reading of said predetermined filtering index
(F) is a storage authorization (Y), the method executes a step (E4) of storing said fault message (m) in the temporary storage memory (TMP) and

A step (E5) in which the fault messages (m) in the temporary storage memory (TMP) are stored in the dynamic storage memory (DYN) by
one of the processors (P1, P2), on the basis of the priority ranking (mr) of the fault messages (m) of the temporary storage memory (TMP), the priority
ranking (mr) of the fault messages (m) in the dynamic storage memory (DYN), and the number (NDYN-V) of spaces (NDYN) of the
dynamic storage memory (DYN) which are empty.

US Pat. No. 9,502,633

METHOD FOR CURRENT-CONTROLLING AT LEAST ONE PIEZOELECTRIC ACTUATOR OF A FUEL INJECTOR OF AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A method for controlling at least one piezoelectric actuator of a fuel injector for an internal combustion engine of a
vehicle, said at least one piezoelectric actuator acting on a valve to open or close said injector, respectively allowing
or preventing the injection of fuel into a combustion chamber of the engine, said method being applied by an engine control
unit on-board the vehicle in operation and comprising the following steps:
from a request for opening of a given injector sent by the engine control unit, defining a specific electrical control time
(Telec) for the injector corresponding to a specific quantity of fuel to be injected as a function of the engine torque and
speed to be attained, application to the piezoelectric actuator of a first nominal electrical charge (Qc1) necessary for opening the injector, called the nominal control charge (Qc1), according to a nominal current (Icc1), as a function of the torque required and the engine speed, so as to open the valve means of the injector for the injection
of said specific quantity of fuel into the combustion chamber,

application to the piezoelectric actuator of at least one second electrical charge (Qp1), called the polarization charge (Qp1), in addition to said nominal control charge (Qc1), on said nominal control charge (Qc1) after application thereof and before a step of commanding a closure of the injector, so as to polarize the piezoelectric
actuator during an opening phase of the injector and during the injection of said specific quantity of fuel into the combustion
chamber,

commanding the closure of the injector so as to stop the injection of said specific quantity of fuel by application to the
piezoelectric actuator of at least one electrical discharge (Qdp1, Qdc1), so as to close the valve means,
wherein the step of application of said electrical polarization charge (Qp1) comprises a prior step of increasing the value of the polarization charge current (Icp1) applied to the piezoelectric actuator, to a value greater than that of the nominal current (Icc1) of the nominal control charge (Qc1).

US Pat. No. 9,194,835

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DETERMINING A FUEL PORTION IN A MOTOR OIL OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A method for determining a percentage of fuel in an engine oil of a motor vehicle, comprising:
introducing the engine oil between at least two electrodes that form a capacitor;
providing an initial calibration step to obtain calibration data;
determining a capacitance of the capacitor while the engine oil is present between the at least two electrodes;
determining the percentage of fuel in the engine oil based on the capacitance of the capacitor and the calibration data;
applying alternating voltages of different frequencies to the at least two electrodes;
determining an impedance of the capacitor for each respective frequency to generate an impedance spectrum; and
identifying a specific type of fuel present in the engine oil based on minima and maxima of the impedance spectrum.

US Pat. No. 9,530,261

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR TRIGGERING, USING AN RFID READER, A PROCEDURE FOR ACTUATING A MEANS FOR LOCKING/UNLOCKING THE ACCESS DOORS OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A method for triggering, by means of an RFID reader (5) endowed with a transmitting antenna (6), a procedure for actuating a means for locking/unlocking access doors (2) of a motor vehicle (1), comprising arranging a coil (7) in a vicinity and in a field of action of the transmitting antenna (6), and:
in commanding the RFID reader (5) so as to control a successive transmission of electromagnetic pulses of the same power,

in measuring, upon each pulse, a value representative of an electrical voltage at terminals of the coil (7),

and in triggering the procedure for actuating the locking/unlocking means in the event of a variation in the measured values
is greater than a determined value,

wherein evolution of a phase shift between a signal representative of a current in the transmitting antenna (6) of the RFID reader (5) and a signal representative of a current in the coil (7) is analyzed, in such a way that, in the event the variation in the measured values is greater than the determined value,
it is possible to make the triggering of the procedure for actuating the locking/unlocking means conditional on a concomitant
detection of a variation in a value of said phase shift.

US Pat. No. 9,506,440

ADAPTIVE FUEL DIRECT INJECTION SYSTEM

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A direct fuel injection system including a common rail (4) including a control unit (1), a pump (2) and a valve (3), controlled on an on-or-off basis by the control unit (1), in order to regulate the volume of fuel sent to the pump (2) to be fed into the common rail (4), said control unit (1) comprising:
first determination means (40) that determines a peak phase duration (27) during which a first command must be applied to the valve (3), and thereby obtains a peak current (38, 60) greater than or equal to a reference peak current (61) necessary to cause a change of state of the valve (3);

second determination means (70) that determines a holding ratio (28) in accordance with which a second command must be applied to the valve (3), after a change of state of the valve, thereby maintaining a holding current (39, 90) greater than or equal to a reference holding current (91) necessary to maintain said state of the valve (3);

application means that applies said first command to said valve (3) continuously during said peak phase duration (27), and then said second command by pulse width modulation in accordance with said holding ratio (28); and

adaptation means (42, 72) that corrects any of the peak phase duration (27) and the holding ratio (28) in a recurrent and automatic manner,

wherein said adaptation means (42, 72) calculate a coefficient of modulation (43, 73) and apply the calculated coefficient of modulation as a multiplier to any of the peak phase duration (27) and the holding ratio (28) to generate one of a corrected peak phase duration and a corrected holding ratio.

US Pat. No. 9,311,235

METHOD OF ERASING INFORMATION STORED IN A NONVOLATILE REWRITABLE MEMORY, STORAGE MEDIUM AND MOTOR VEHICLE COMPUTER

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A method (50) of erasing information stored in a nonvolatile rewritable memory (102) of an electronic computer (10), in which a master module (Mm) sends erasing requests to a slave module (Me) of said electronic computer (10), said nonvolatile rewritable memory (102) being organized into sectors (Sa, Sb) corresponding to the smallest memory unit capable of being made the subject of an
erasing operation, at least two sectors comprising interleaved physical memory addresses, said method comprising the following
preliminary steps:
determining a virtual memory addressing space associated with the sectors of the nonvolatile rewritable memory (102), in which each sector extends over a specific range of consecutive virtual memory addresses; and

establishing a first correspondence function that determines, for any given range of virtual memory addresses, one or more
of said sectors that are associated with said given range of virtual memory addresses,

wherein, following said preliminary steps the method (50) of erasing comprises:

for each erasing request received by the slave module (Me) indicating a range of virtual memory addresses to be erased, a
step is carried out of determining, according to said first correspondence function and the indicated range of virtual memory
addresses, one or more corresponding sectors of the non-volatile memory to be erased by the slave module (Me),

wherein the nonvolatile rewritable memory comprises a plurality of segments (S1, S2), each segment breaking down into a plurality of sectors and at least two segments comprising interleaved physical memory
addresses,

wherein each erasing request sent by the master module (Mm) is sent indicating a range of virtual memory addresses corresponding
only to a single segment (S1, S2) of the nonvolatile rewritable memory (102), and

wherein two consecutive erasing requests sent by the master module (Mm) respectively indicate ranges of virtual memory addresses
corresponding to different segments of the nonvolatile rewritable memory (102), said two consecutive erasing requests being aimed respectively at a first segment (S1) and a second segment (S2), erasing operations for said first and second segments (S1,S2) corresponding to said two consecutive erasing requests taking place in parallel.

US Pat. No. 9,488,539

DEVICE FOR DETERMINING THE TORQUE APPLIED TO A CRANKSET SHAFT

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A device for determining the torque applied to a crankset shaft moveable in rotation about an axis of rotation, notably
the crankset of a cycle, and including a supporting element, wherein:
the crankset shaft has two separate parts: a first part and a second part that are respectively moveable in rotation about
an axis of rotation,

the supporting element is designed to keep the first part and the second part substantially coaxial with the axis of rotation
of the shaft of the crankset,

said two parts have respective contact means designed to transform the rotational movement of one of said two parts into a
simultaneously translational and rotational movement of the other of said two parts, the contact means being the respective
extremities of the two parts, arranged facing one another along the axis of rotation of the shaft of the crankset, said extremities
having respectively at least one flat contact surface that is not parallel and not orthogonal to the axis of rotation, said
respective contact surfaces of said extremities being designed to bear against one another,

said two parts have stop means designed to cooperate with said supporting element to limit the amplitude of the relative translational
movement of said two parts,

the device has at least one sensing element arranged between the stop means and the supporting element that is designed to
supply a signal representing a mechanical stress applied to said at least one sensing element,

the device has a processing module configured to determine the torque applied to the crankset shaft as a function of the signal
supplied by said at least one sensing element.

US Pat. No. 9,430,889

METHOD FOR PROTECTING A HANDS-FREE ACCESS AND/OR STARTING SYSTEM OF A VEHICLE BY MODIFYING THE SPEED OF SIGNAL RECEPTION

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A method for protecting a hands-free access and/or starting system of a motor vehicle equipped with at least one electronic
key, comprising:
a step of emitting a coded identification request (38) emitted by an antenna of a central control unit of said system in the form of a coded interrogation signal (5, 5?) intended for the electronic key (K);

a step of the electronic key (K) responding to give its identity (40); and

a step of authorizing the access to (46) and/or starting of the vehicle (52),

wherein said method furthermore comprises, before the step of authorizing the access to (46) and/or starting of the vehicle (52), additional protection steps consisting in:

adapting the amplitude of at least one sinusoidal signal (Sa) received by the key in the coded identification request step
(38) to reach an amplitude detection threshold (15, 16, 17) of the electronic key (K) as soon as possible;

stopping said amplitude adaptation (42) as soon as the electronic key (K) is identified in the responding step (40);

measuring (43) a sum (Tm, T?m) of durations of transmission of the coded interrogation signal (5, 5?) and of the response signal (7, 7?, 9) of the electronic key;

comparing (44, 51) the sum of the measured durations (Tm, T?m) to a reference duration (S, S?);

prohibiting the access to and/or starting of the vehicle when a difference between this sum of measured durations (Tm, T?m)
and the reference duration (T2, T?2) is above a preset threshold (S, S?); and

triggering alarms (50, 54) when the difference between this sum of measured durations (Tm, T?m) and the reference duration (T2, T?2) is above the preset
threshold (S,S?).

US Pat. No. 9,406,179

METHOD FOR PROCESSING A PRESENCE SIGNAL IN A HANDS-FREE VEHICLE ACCESS SYSTEM HAVING CAPACITIVE SENSORS

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A method for processing a presence signal in a hands-free vehicle access system having a capacitive sensor and an antenna
fitted in a door handle of said vehicle and connected to a central unit, comprising:
a step of testing for the presence of an electronic key (26) via an emission of an interrogation signal at a regular nominal frequency, this emission being referred to as nominal “polling”,
transmitted via the antenna connected to the central unit installed in the vehicle,

a step of testing for an identity request (30) destined for the electronic key and transmitted via said antenna of the central unit, and, if the test for an identity request
is successful:

two steps of testing for the presence of a hand (34, 36):

a presence detection test (34) by the capacitive sensor, and

a validation test (36) by the central unit to validate whether the capacitive sensor is in the same door handle as said antenna, and

a final step of authorizing the unlocking (38) of the vehicle,

wherein, if the test for an identity request is not successful, the method returns to the step of testing for the presence
of the electronic key, and

wherein, before the two steps of testing for the presence of a hand (34, 36), said method comprises a step of decreasing the frequency of said interrogation signal transmitted via the antenna of the
central unit so as to pass into slow-frequency “polling” mode (32), in which the frequency is ten-times lower than the regular nominal frequency.

US Pat. No. 9,114,669

METHOD FOR LOCATING THE WHEELS OF A VEHICLE FITTED WITH A SYSTEM FOR MONITORING TIRE PRESSURE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A method for locating the wheels of a motor vehicle, each wheel, R4) comprising a wheel unit having its own identifier and said vehicle comprising at least three antennas and a central processing
unit communicating with the wheel units and the antennas, said method comprising the following steps:
at the request of the central processing unit, sending LF signals via the antennas to the wheel units,
reception by the wheel units of a number of LF signals for each antenna,
sending by each wheel unit to the central processing unit a message comprising its identifier as well as the number of signals
that the wheel unit has received from each antenna,

determination by the central processing unit of the location of the wheel unit,
wherein the step of determination of the location of the wheel unit by the central processing unit further comprises the following
steps:

for each identifier, application by the central processing unit to the number of signals received of a transfer function specific
to each antenna, wherein each transfer function takes:

a first value within a first interval,
a second value within a second interval, and
a third value within a third interval, the first value being smaller than the second value, and the second value being smaller
than the third value,

for each identifier, calculation by the central processing unit of a number P by multiplication of the results of the transfer
functions by each other in such a way that they represent the specific front right, front left, rear right and rear left positions
on the vehicle,

location by the central processing unit of the wheel units, by determination for each front right, front left, rear right
and rear left position, represented by the transfer functions, of the identifier corresponding to the largest number P.

US Pat. No. 9,318,954

CONTROL WITH HYSTERESIS OF AN ELECTRONIC DEVICE USING A PULSE-WIDTH MODULATED SIGNAL

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. An electronic device comprising:
a switched circuit having an output designed to deliver an output voltage, and controlled by a control signal with two pulse-width
modulated states;

a first hysteresis comparator, with a first low-voltage threshold and a first high-voltage threshold higher than said first
low-voltage threshold, designed to generate the control signal depending on a comparison between the output voltage and the
first low-voltage threshold and the first high-voltage threshold;

at least a second hysteresis comparator, with a second low-voltage threshold and a second high-voltage threshold higher than
said second low-voltage threshold, designed to generate the control signal depending on a comparison between the output voltage
and the second low-voltage threshold and the second high-voltage threshold, a difference between the second high-voltage threshold
and the second low-voltage threshold being less than a difference between the first high-voltage threshold and the first low-voltage
threshold; and

a control unit (34) adapted to measure a control signal frequency, and for enabling either the first hysteresis comparator or the second hysteresis
comparator depending on the control signal measured frequency, the first hysteresis comparator being enabled for relatively
control signal low frequencies, and the second hysteresis comparator being enabled for relatively control signal high frequencies.

US Pat. No. 9,384,078

METHOD FOR DIAGNOSING A MECHANISM OF UNTIMELY CUT-OFFS OF THE POWER SUPPLY TO A MOTOR VEHICLE COMPUTER

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A method for diagnosing a mechanism of untimely cut-offs of the power supply to a motor vehicle computer (1) which is programmed to execute a startup routine when woken up and a shutdown routine before being put into sleep mode,
the method comprising:
at the time of each shutdown routine, generating and storing in storage means a marker Vext representing a completed execution of said shutdown routine, and

at the time of each startup routine, checking for the presence of a marker Vext and:

when the marker Vext is present, reinitializing the storage means of said marker, and

when the marker Vext is absent, generating a data element representing a power supply fault,

wherein, in the absence of the marker Vext at the time of a startup routine, a power supply fault counter is incremented, and a diagnosis of real failure is specified
for a predetermined value n of said counter.

US Pat. No. 9,118,332

DIGITAL COUNTER AND METHOD FOR MEASURING A PERIOD OF TIME

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A method for measuring a period of time between two events (i and j), the method implementing a digital counter (1) comprising:
a hardware counter (2) whose value is coded on n bits, and

a software counter (3) whose value is coded on m bits,

the method comprising a step for incrementing the software counter (3) at at least two predetermined values of the hardware counter (2), neither of these two values coinciding with an overflow of the hardware counter (2),

characterized in that the value of the digital counter (1) is coded on m+n?1 consecutive bits of which:

n least significant bits correspond to the value of the hardware counter (2), and

m?1 most significant bits are defined as a function of the value of the software (3) and hardware (2) counters,

the method furthermore comprising:
a step for resetting the software counter (3) according to the value of the hardware counter (2) at the time of the first event (i),

a step for reading and for saving the value of the hardware counter (2) at the time of the first event (i) and the value of the hardware counter (2) at the time of the second event (j),

a step for calculating the number of overflows of the hardware counter (2) between the two events consisting in:

calculating the difference between the value of the software counter (3) at the time of the second event (j) and the value of the hardware counter (2) at the time of the first event (i), and

taking the value corresponding to the integer part of the difference previously calculated,
a step for calculating the period of time between the two events on the basis of the value of the hardware counter (2) at the time of the first event (i), the value of the hardware counter (2) at the time of the second event (j) and the number of overflows previously calculated.

US Pat. No. 9,205,711

METHOD FOR LOCATING THE POSITION OF WHEELS OF A VEHICLE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A method for localization a position of wheels of a vehicle, said wheels being fitted with an electronic module suitable
for transmitting, to a central unit mounted on the vehicle, signals representative of parameters of operation of each wheel,
said localization method comprising:
a preliminary phase of storing in the central unit, for each wheel, an image, over a wheel revolution, of intensity of signal
received by said central unit originating from the electronic module fitted to said wheel; and

said localization method comprising, during a use of the vehicle:
ordering emission by each electronic module mounted on a wheel of a sequence of n signals emitted with predetermined time
intervals, wherein n is an integer greater than 1,

computing, for each sequence of n signals, a temporal variation of correlation coefficients between each signal of said sequence
and each stored image,

computing a peak of correlation of the correlation coefficients of each of the n signals, and determining a temporal position
over a wheel revolution of each peak of correlation so as to deduce therefrom time intervals separating various peaks, and

selecting, for each stored image, a wheel at an origin of the emission of sequences of n signals having the highest peaks
of correlation (Max1-Max3) associated with time intervals corresponding to the time intervals of emission of the n signals of the sequences of signals.

US Pat. No. 9,190,866

DEVICE FOR CHARGING A PORTABLE ELEMENT AND ASSOCIATED METHOD

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A device for charging a portable element including a receiving antenna for charging by induction, said charging device
comprising:
a surface for charging the portable element;
a plurality of emitting antennas having an emission frequency, placed beneath the charging surface and emitting a magnetic
field;

a layer of ferromagnetic material placed beneath the plurality of emitting antennas and having a surface at least substantially
equal to the charging surface;

an electronic circuit comprising a control system connected to the emitting antennas; and
a plurality of resonators:
having a resonance frequency substantially equal to the emission frequency,
placed between the plurality of emitting antennas and the charging surface, and
covering an active surface at least substantially equal to the charging surface, configured, when the emitting antennas are
activated, to reflect the magnetic field in the direction of the emitting antennas, and

connected to the electronic circuit by switches in order to be deactivated individually, according to a criterion of positioning
of the receiving antenna relative to the resonators.

US Pat. No. 9,376,072

MOTOR VEHICLE ELECTRONIC COMPUTER COMPRISING A ROBUST PERIPHERAL, ASSOCIATED MOTOR VEHICLE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A motor vehicle electronic computer, comprising:
an electrical power supply device configured to supply, at a first power supply port, an electrical voltage regulated around
a value V1 and, at a second power supply port, an electrical voltage regulated around a value V2 greater than the value V1;

control peripherals configured to be connected to actuators of a motor vehicle, at least one of the control peripherals being
a robust peripheral comprising:

an output switch having configured to be controlled by an electrical voltage of value V2, and
a voltage step-up circuit configured to supply, at an output port of said voltage step-up circuit, an electrical voltage of
value V2 for the power supply of a control circuit of said output switch from an electrical voltage, at an input port of said
voltage step-up circuit, of a lower value than said value V2; and

a processor connected to the first power supply port and configured to control the control peripherals.

US Pat. No. 9,189,958

PREDICTIVE EHORIZON

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A method for providing a predictive driver assistance system for a vehicle, comprising:
making information available about an expected route course by a provider in a driver assistance system of an assistance system
application;

creating, by the provider a planning table that contains the information that comprises at least one of:
an expected route course and
data provided as a function of the expected route course and assigned to an expected position of the vehicle;
extracting the information from the planning table to be made available to the assistance system application based at least
in part on a vehicle's current position;

calculating the information to be incorporated into the planning table by distributed computing power to a plurality of computing
devices provided by one or more of:

the provider,
at least one component of the driver assistance system, and
a system communicatively connected to the driver assistance system;
distributing the computing power to the plurality of computing devices when less than a definable minimum quantity of the
information can be provided by the planning table about a most probable path of the vehicle, wherein each of the plurality
of computing devices calculates a possible path of the vehicle; and providing the information to the assistance system application
by extracting the information from the planning table and at least partially directly calculating the information at a time
of provision.

US Pat. No. 9,255,533

METHOD FOR CHECKING THE OUTGASSING OF FUEL AND CONTROL UNIT

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A method for checking the outgassing of fuel from a lubricant of an internal combustion engine, comprising:
using a model to perform a first estimation of outgassing of fuel from the lubricant based on at least one operating parameter
during a normal operation of the internal combustion engine,

after the first estimation of outgassing of fuel, using the model to perform a second estimation of outgassing of fuel based
on at least one further operating parameter during a subsequent defined operating state, the subsequent defined operating
state including a no-load phase.

US Pat. No. 9,103,702

FASTENING DEVICE FOR FASTENING AN ASSEMBLY IN AN OPENING OF A WALL OF A VEHICLE

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A fastening device for fastening an assembly in an opening of a vehicle wall of a vehicle, wherein the fastening device
has:
a supporting element configured and arranged to be placed on the vehicle wall; and
a retaining element having at least one retaining wing configured and arranged for fastening the fastening device in the opening
of the vehicle wall, wherein the retaining element is rotatably arranged to rotate about a rotation axis relative to the supporting
element to be rotatable in a rotation direction for fastening the fastening device;

characterized in that
at least one rotating wing is arranged on the retaining element and has a grasping surface that is inclined toward the rotation
direction,

the rotating wing comprises a wing wall that extends essentially parallel to the rotation axis and at least two webs that
reinforce the wing wall and that extend essentially perpendicular to the wing wall and essentially parallel to the rotation
axis,

the webs extend from a transition region between the retaining element and the rotating wing across at least a part of a surface
of the wing wall, and

the webs are beveled along free edges thereof such that the free edges form the grasping surface that is inclined toward the
rotation direction.

US Pat. No. 9,273,627

INJECTION DEVICE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. An injection device for an internal combustion engine, the injection device comprising:
an injector having a valve piston for controlling a flow of fuel,
a piezo actuator for moving the valve piston, and
a control unit for actuating the piezo actuator, wherein the control unit is programmed to:
apply a plurality of electrical pulses of different pulse energy to the piezo actuator and to determine an idle stroke between
the piezo actuator and the valve piston or a time delay caused by the idle stroke,

select the pulse energies such that a maximum deflection of a movement of the piezo actuator, which movement is caused by
at least one of the pulses, is smaller than the idle stroke, wherein a maximum deflection of a movement of the piezo actuator,
which movement is caused by at least one further one of the pulses, is greater than the idle stroke,

after each of the pulses, detect a frequency spectrum of a voltage signal applied to the piezo actuator during the movement
caused by the respective pulse,

determine the idle stroke or the time delay from the frequency spectra, and
take the determined idle stroke or time delay caused by the idle stroke into account to control the actuation of an actuator.

US Pat. No. 9,237,599

CONTROLLER IN BIDIRECTIONAL ADHOC NETWORK RADIO COMMUNICATION

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A controller located in a vehicle for data processing in bidirectional adhoc-network radio communication, including:
a computation unit for data processing, the computation unit being configured to process the data according to an ITS standard,
and data processing of the computation unit performs processing steps of an ITS Facility layer which are limited to content-oriented
evaluation and/or conditioning of the data which are received or transmitted by the bidirectional adhoc-network radio communication,
the computation unit is not set up to process data according to an ITS access technologies layer, an ITS network layer or
an ITS transport layer; and

a first wideband communication port is provided for the purpose of bidirectional communication with an ITS communication unit,
the bidirectional communication including receiving the data from the ITS communication unit located in the vehicle,

wherein the received data was processed according to at least one of the ITS access technologies layer, the ITS network layer
and the ITS transport layer by the ITS communication unit.

US Pat. No. 9,285,786

METHOD FOR DETERMINING ADAPTED MEASURING VALUES AND/OR MODEL PARAMETERS FOR CONTROLLING THE AIR FLOW PATH OF INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A method for determining at least one of adapted measured values and model parameters and controlling the air path of an
internal combustion engine, the method comprising:
operating the internal combustion engine;
executing an algorithm to adapt at least one of at least two measured values and at least two measured model parameters simultaneously;
wherein the algorithm defines a plurality of individual correction variables for the at least one of measured values and model
parameters as a function of at least one total error variable which describes an inconsistency in the measured values and
model parameters; and

wherein executing the algorithm comprises:
for each measured value or measured model parameter to be adapted, calculating a weighting value as a function of expected
tolerances of the respective measured value or measured model parameter;

determining values for the individual correction variables based at least on the calculated weighting values and the at least
one total error variable; and

applying said values of said individual correction variables to the at least one of measured values and model parameters that
are to be adapted; and

controlling the operation of the internal combustion engine based on the adapted at least one of measured values and model
parameters.

US Pat. No. 10,001,054

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR ORIENTING AN ACTUATOR OF AN EXHAUST-GAS TURBOCHARGER

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A device for orienting an actuator of an exhaust-gas turbocharger, comprising:an actuator provided with an actuator housing;
a control rod connected to said actuator;
an actuator holder disposed to support said actuator housing with a spacing distance between said actuator housing and said actuator holder forming a compensating-material receiving space between said actuator holder and said actuator housing;
said compensating-material receiving space being formed to extend annularly around said control rod and an end region of said compensating-material receiving space radially inside being spaced apart from said control rod; and
a compensating-material injected into and hardened in said compensating-material receiving space to compensate an actuator displacement in a direction of the rod axis.

US Pat. No. 9,062,643

METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE AMOUNT OF FUEL LEAVING AN INJECTOR

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A method for determining a quantity of fuel leaving an injector of a direct-injection diesel engine, said quantity of fuel
supplying a cylinder of said engine in which a piston moves, the injection of fuel being performed by a pilot injection during
which a first quantity of fuel is injected into the cylinder followed by a main injection during which a second quantity of
fuel, greater than the first quantity of fuel, is injected into the cylinder, said method comprising:
a) operating the engine at an idle speed;
b) determining a maximum pressure in the cylinder; and
c) determining, from said maximum pressure, the quantity of fuel injected into the cylinder during the pilot injection, by
means of a predefined one-to-one relationship, at the idle speed, between a maximum pressure value in the cylinder and a quantity
of fuel injected into the cylinder during the pilot injection.

US Pat. No. 9,086,039

FUEL DELIVERY UNIT

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A fuel delivery unit of a motor vehicle, comprising:
a swirl pot;
an internal prefilter arranged entirely in the swirl pot and having a filter element having a first filter surface configured
to filter fuel flowing into the swirl pot;

an additional filter having an additional filter element; and
a support for the prefilter having at least one connection, which is closed in an initial state by a one-time breakable seal,
configured for installation of the additional filter having a second filter surface such that fuel flows through the additional
filter and through the at least one connection,

whereby the installation of the additional filter in the swirl pot breaks the one-time breakable seal and increases filter
capacity by providing an increased active filter surface so that the prefilter and the additional filter are wholly fluidically
in parallel such that the fuel passes through one of the internal prefilter and the additional filter to simultaneously filter
the fuel.

US Pat. No. 9,736,170

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR OPERATING A VEHICLE APPLICATION

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A method for operating at least one application (30) for a vehicle having a communication device configured to receive predefined vehicle-to-X messages (N) from other vehicles,
comprising:
at least partially forwarding a respective received vehicle-to-X message (N) to the at least one application (30) on the basis of a predefined item of information in the received vehicle-to-X message (N), the vehicle-to-X message (N)
comprising a digital signature;

on the basis of a decision signal (D) provided in response to forwarding of vehicle-to-X messages (N) to the at least one
application (30) and which represents a statement of whether the vehicle-to-X messages (N) include data that causes a predefined vehicle
action of the application (30) to be carried out, the redefined vehicle action being a vehicle function that can be discerned by a driver of the vehicle,
validating the digital signatures of vehicle-to-X messages (N_rel) relevant to the decision with regard to whether the predefined
vehicle action is intended to be carried out;

on the basis of a result of the validation of the digital signatures, providing a signal (S), which signal is representative
of the reliability of the vehicle-to-X messages (N_rel) relevant to the decision; and

validating the vehicle-to-X messages (N_tel) relevant to the decision,
assigning an urgency to the predefined vehicle action and, on the basis of the assigned urgency of the predefined vehicle
action, performing one selected from the group consisting of:

(a) validating the vehicle-to-X messages (N_rel) relevant to the decision and generating the signal (S) while the predefined
vehicle action of the application (30) is being carried out, subject to stopping the predefined vehicle action based on the generated signal (S), and

(b) validating the vehicle-to-X messages (N_rel) relevant to the decision and generating the signal (S) before the predefined
vehicle action of the application (30) is being carried out.

US Pat. No. 9,703,556

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING AN INTEGRATED CIRCUIT, INTEGRATED CIRCUIT AND COMPUTER INCLUDING AN INTEGRATED CIRCUIT

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A method for controlling an integrated circuit comprising a microprocessor, in which the integrated circuit is configured
to execute by default a general program, said integrated circuit being controlled by activation of a mode of operation of
the integrated circuit, the mode of operation being a bootstrap mode, and loading of a specific program to be executed, the
method comprises:
sending at least one bootstrap mode activation message, in the form of a predetermined control instruction associated with
a test function, to a test module of the integrated circuit via a test bus;

activating the bootstrap mode of the integrated circuit controlled by the test function, by an activation module coupled to
the test module and executed by said test module of the integrated circuit; and

loading the specific program via a communication bus different from the test bus.

US Pat. No. 9,553,502

CONTROL OF AN INDUCTIVE LOAD WITH TEMPERATURE-SENSITIVE CURRENT REDUCTION MECHANISM

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A control device for an inductive load comprising:
a switching structure with at least one switching element, adapted for driving a current of determined value in the load as
a function of a setpoint datum (CDE),

a control unit (2) designed to implement a control strategy to generate at least one control signal (S21, S31) for the switching element on the basis of the setpoint datum (CDE), with a mechanism consisting in defining a maximum permitted
value (Imax) of the current in the load as a function of a value representative of the temperature at the level of the switching
element, between an upper limit value (Isup) and a lower limit value (Iinf),

the mechanism comprising means for:
holding constant the maximum permitted value (Imax) of the current, during a temperature climb phase, equal to the upper limit
value (Isup), as long as the temperature at the level of the switching element is lower than a first temperature threshold
(Tsup),

abruptly rendering the maximum permitted value of the current equal to the lower limit value (Iinf) as soon as the value of
the temperature at the level of the switching element reaches the first temperature threshold (Tsup), and

permitting the maximum permitted value of the current to climb back gradually to the upper limit value (Isup), during a temperature
descent phase, as the temperature at the level of the switching element decreases, so that an equilibrium point is found.

US Pat. No. 9,087,416

ONBOARD INFORMATION SYSTEM WITH ANTENNA FOR RECEIVING SATELLITE-BASED GEOPOSITION DATA

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. An onboard information system for capturing at least one vehicle-related variable, comprising:
a housing configured to be installed in a vehicle interior;
a module for processing satellite-based geoposition data; and
an antenna for directly receiving the satellite-based geoposition data arranged on the housing such that in the installed
state of the antenna a reception direction of the antenna points toward the vehicle interior,

wherein the antenna for receiving the satellite-based geoposition data provides the received satellite-based geoposition data
directly to the module for processing satellite-based geoposition data.

US Pat. No. 9,258,918

MODULE FOR INTEGRATED CONTROL ELECTRONICS HAVING SIMPLIFIED DESIGN

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A housing module for integrated control electronics, comprising:
a housing base formed in a trough shape and having an upwardly bent edge region;
a circuit carrier substrate populated with electronic components of the control electronics, said substrate being disposed
in said housing base, said substrate formed with contact points;

a signal and current distribution component disposed above said housing base for electrically connecting the control electronics
with peripheral components;

said circuit carrier substrate for said electronic components being electrically connected by way of said contact points to
said signal and current distribution component; and

a mechanical fastening device attaching said housing base to said signal and current distribution component, said mechanical
fastening device located outside a circumference defined by said contact points.

US Pat. No. 9,696,184

POSITION-DETECTING UNIT HAVING REDUCED OFFSET VOLTAGE, AND METHOD USING SUCH A UNIT

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A detection unit, comprising:
an inductive sensor provided:
with a fixed primary winding,
with one or more fixed secondary windings,
a moving element adapted to modify a magnetic field created in the secondary windings so as to induce a signal indicating
a position of the moving element, and,

apparatuses for processing the signal of the sensor, the apparatuses being connected to an output of the secondary windings,
the apparatuses comprising:

at least one RC filter, comprising a resistor and a capacitor, through which the voltage from the secondary winding passes,
at least two demultiplexers connected to the output terminals of the sensor via low-pass filters and connected in parallel,
through each of which the voltage from each of the RC filters passes, and

signal amplifiers, connected on one side to the low-pass filters and on the other side to the output terminals of the sensor,
wherein the at least two demultiplexers switch between the low-pass filter and a common point located between the secondary
windings.

US Pat. No. 9,568,560

DETECTION OF A SHORT-CIRCUIT IN A SWITCHING STRUCTURE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A device for supplying power to an inductive load, comprising:
a switching structure with at least one power switch and designed to control a current in the load; and
an apparatus for detecting anomalies, configured to generate information of either detection or non-detection of a short-circuit
anomaly in cabling of the load, in combination with information on validity of the information on anomaly non-detection which
is unset by default,

wherein the apparatus for detecting anomalies comprises:
current measuring circuits that measure a current in the power switch within a detection time window during which the switching
structure is held in a given configuration in which the power switch is closed, and

a comparison circuitry that compares the measured current with a short-circuit current threshold and with an intermediate
current threshold lower than the short-circuit current threshold,

wherein, the detection time window is composed of a reference time window following the closure of the power switch, and also
composed of, when the measured current exceeds the intermediate current threshold, an auxiliary time window following a moment
in time, and

wherein the comparison circuitry is further configured to:
output the information on anomaly detection and set the validity information if the measured current reaches the short-circuit
current threshold before an end of the reference time window,

output the information on anomaly non-detection and set the validity information, if the measured current remains lower than
intermediate current threshold until the expiration of the reference time window,

output the information on anomaly non-detection and set the validity information if the measured current becomes higher than
the intermediate current threshold before the end of the reference time window, but remains lower than the short-circuit current
threshold until the end of the detection time window, and

output the information on anomaly detection and set the validity information if the measured current becomes higher than the
intermediate current threshold before the end of the reference time window, but becomes higher than the short-circuit current
threshold before the end of the detection time window.

US Pat. No. 9,268,402

OPERATOR CONTROL DEVICE

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. An operator control device having an operating element with haptic feedback, the operating element having a touch-sensitive
operator control area and being operated by an operator through an input element, the operator control device comprising:
a first flat component and a stationary second flat component each of which being composed of a ferromagnetic material and
arranged to face each other in parallel, wherein the first flat component is drivable to be displaced horizontally with respect
to the stationary second flat component, and wherein the first flat component forms an operator control element or transmits
movement of the first flat component entirely or partially to the operator control element; and

a coil or an electrical conductor arranged between the first and second flat components and associated with a first pole shoe
connected to the second flat component and projects in relation to the first flat component, wherein a magnetic field is generated
by applying current to the coil or to the electrical conductor, wherein the first flat component is driven by the magnetic
field to horizontally displace the first flat component with respect to the stationary second flat component from an inoperative
position to a displacement position, wherein the first flat component is connected to a second pole shoe that projects toward
the second flat component, and wherein the second pole shoe is laterally offset in relation to the first pole shoe in the
direction of extent of the first and second flat components in the inoperative position of the first flat component.

US Pat. No. 9,222,431

ESTIMATING A FUEL LEAKAGE QUANTITY OF AN INJECTION VALVE DURING A SHUT-DOWN TIME OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A method for estimating a leakage fuel quantity which penetrates an intake section or a cylinder of an internal combustion
engine of a motor vehicle from a leaking injection valve during a shut-down time of the motor vehicle, and during a starting
process is added to a fuel mixture to be burnt, the method comprising:
measuring a first start index characteristic of a starting behavior of the internal combustion engine during a first starting
process,

determining a first injected fuel quantity during the first starting process,
measuring a second start index characteristic of a starting behavior of the internal combustion engine during a second starting
process,

determining a second injected fuel quantity during the second starting process, and
estimating the leakage fuel quantity based on the measured first start index, the determined first injected fuel quantity,
the measured second start index, and the determined second injected fuel quantity.

US Pat. No. 9,601,941

CHARGING DEVICE AND METHOD USING DUAL-MODE MAGNETIC COUPLING FOR AN AUTOMOBILE VEHICLE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A device (10) for charging a mobile terminal by magnetic coupling, said device (10) comprising:
a first charging module (11) designed to form a charging signal at a first charging frequency (F1),

a primary coil (13) composed of a set of turns,

a ferromagnetic body (14), the ferromagnetic body optimized for an operation at the first charging frequency F1,

a second charging module (12) designed to form a charging signal at a second charging frequency (F2), the second charging frequency (F2) being higher than the first charging frequency (F1),

first routing selector circuit (150) means designed to connect/disconnect the primary coil (13) to/from the first charging module (11) and to/from the second charging module (12),

selector circuit (16) means for adjusting the number of turns (NT, N2) of the primary coil (13) designed to activate/disable a de-activatable sub-set of turns (N1) of the primary coil (13) depending on whether i) said primary coil (13) is connected to the first charging module (11) or ii) said primary coil (13) is connected to the second charging module (12), the number of turns on the primary coil (13) being chosen to be adapted for an operation in association with the first charging module (11) and being divided into two complementary sub-sets of turns:

i) a first sub-set comprising (N1) turns that are de-activatable,

ii) a second sub-set comprising (N2) turns, being chosen to be adapted for an operation in association with the second charging module (12), and

passive resonator circuits (19) means for saturating the ferromagnetic body (14), the passive resonator circuits (19) means comprising passive resonator circuits (19) with a resonance frequency close to the second charging frequency (F2) and arranged, with respect to the ferromagnetic body (14), on an opposite side from the primary coil (13), and designed to reduce, within said ferromagnetic body (14), the magnetic field formed by the primary coil (13) when said primary coil (13) is connected to the second charging module (12).

US Pat. No. 9,553,472

METHOD AND CHARGING BENCH VIA MAGNETIC COUPLING

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A method for charging via magnetic coupling performing functions of electrical charging of a portable electronic device,
called a secondary device, by a charging device or bench, called a primary device, comprising at least two coils, the at least
two coils being electrically out of phase, and of communicating information originating from the secondary device to the primary
device, comprising:
detecting the secondary device then located via the emission of a test signal by at least one coil of the primary device,
and receiving, in return, of a signal carrying information data by at least one coil;

comparing an amplitude of the signal or signals received to at least one reference threshold;
in a selection phase, selecting the coil of the primary device closest to the secondary device and then switching, by way
of mode selecting means, into a mode for charging via transmission of an energy flux; and

in the selection phase, selecting the coil of the primary device located proximate this charging coil and then switching,
by way of mode selecting means, into a mode for communicating information data so as to actuate instructions contained in
these data,
each coil being able to function in a mode for communicating information data or in a mode for charging via transmission of
an energy flux.

US Pat. No. 9,222,365

BEARING ARRANGEMENT FOR A SHAFT OF A TURBOCHARGER

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A bearing arrangement for supporting a shaft in a turbocharger housing, the bearing arrangement comprising:
a sleeve element having ends, said sleeve element having a collar section at each end for fastening the bearing arrangement
in the turbocharger housing, said collar sections being integrally formed as a single structure with said sleeve element,
and at least one of said collar sections being resilient.

US Pat. No. 9,577,568

DETECTION OF A WIRE-BREAK FAULT DURING THE OPERATION OF A BRUSHLESS D.C. MOTOR

Conti Temic Microelectron...

1. A method for detecting a wire-break fault during an operation of a brushless D.C. motor having a three-phase stator winding
and controlled by pulse width modulation, which comprises the steps of:
recording at least one stator winding phase of a stator winding during each pulse width modulation cycle period, a switch-on
delay interval for a transition of an electrical phase potentials applied to the stator winding phase from a switch-off potential
to a switch-on potential and a switch-off delay interval for a transition of a phase potential from the switch-on potential
to the switch-off potential;

defining a lower deviation limit for a deviation of recorded switch-off delay intervals from recorded switch-on delay intervals;
and

deducing the wire-break fault if deviations of the recorded switch-off delay intervals from the recorded switch-on delay intervals
fall below the lower deviation limit.

US Pat. No. 9,748,875

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR OPERATING A BRUSHLESS DC MOTOR

Conti Temic microelectron...

1. A method of operating a three-phase brushless DC motor with a pulse-width-modulation-controlled electronic commutation
in an event of a malfunction, the method comprising:
predefining a maximum number (a) of commutation steps, a direction of rotation of the motor, and at least two possible operating
end states that can be selected in the event of the malfunction, wherein the at least two possible operating end states of
the brushless DC motor include a braking state of the brushless DC motor and a freewheeling state of the brushless DC motor
in which a converter for the brushless DC motor has a maximum impedance state;

selecting one of the at least two possible operating end states as a selected operating end state in the event of the malfunction:
upon an indication of the malfunction, rotating a rotor of the brushless DC motor by the predefined maximum number (a) of
commutation steps in the predefined direction of rotation of the motor, and then setting the brushless DC motor to the selected
operating end state;

when a first operating end state of the at least two possible operating end states is selected, using a control unit to put
the converter in the maximum impedance state causing the brushless DC motor to be in a freewheeling state; and

when a second operating end state of the at least two possible operating end states is selected, using the control unit to
put the converter in a state causing the brushless DC motor to be in a braking state.

US Pat. No. 9,284,901

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR OPERATING AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A method for operating an internal combustion engine having at least one cylinder with a combustion chamber into which
fuel is injected, the method comprising:
determining a local maximum value of a rotational speed of the internal combustion engine as a function of a profile of a
temporally highly resolved measurement signal of the rotational speed of the internal combustion engine,

determining a rotational speed difference between the local maximum value and a present measurement value of the rotational
speed

incrementing a counter value when the rotational speed difference is greater than or equal to a predefined threshold value
of the rotational speed difference,

comparing the incremented counter value to a predefined threshold value of the counter, the predefined threshold value of
the counter being greater than one, and

in response to determining that the counter value is greater than or equal to the predefined threshold value of the counter,
controlling the internal combustion engine to reduce a torque of the internal combustion engine.

US Pat. No. 9,561,696

METHOD OF LOCATING VEHICLE WHEELS EQUIPPED WITH AN ELECTRONIC BOX

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A method of locating the positions of wheels (2-5) of a vehicle (1) equipped with an electronic module (6-9) adapted to transmit to a central unit (11), mounted on the vehicle (1), signals comprising data representative of operating parameters of each wheel (2-5) and an identification code of said electronic module, said location method comprising:
equipping the vehicle (1) with NTA transmitting antennas (13-15) positioned in such a way that the coverage area (A1-A3) of each transmitting antenna (13-15) covers at least one wheel position, and that the total coverage area of all the transmitting antennas (13-15) covers all the wheel positions (2-5),

successively commanding the transmission of a predetermined number of identification request signals by each transmitting
antenna (13-15),

calculating values which are representative, for each electronic module (6-9), of the rate of reception Ti by the module of the signals transmitted by each of the transmitting antennas (13-15),

and executing a location procedure which is adapted, by analysis of the values representative of the reception rates Ti, to enable a wheel position to be assigned to each electronic module (6-9),
said location method being characterized in that:
in a preliminary step, a predetermined geometric reference frame (CT) is defined, and the following are defined within this
reference frame:

the coordinates TAi of each transmitting antenna (13-15),

for each wheel position, the coordinates of the centroid LAj, called the reference centroid, of the transmitting antennas (13-15) whose coverage area (A1-A3) covers said wheel position, to each of which is assigned a weighting coefficient wi in the form of a value representative of a 100% rate of reception Ti of the signals transmitted by said transmitting antenna,

the following location procedures are executed:
defining, for each electronic module (6-9), the coordinates of the centroid WUi of the NTA transmitting antennas, to each of which is assigned a weighting coefficient wi in the form of a value representative of the rate of reception Ti, by said electronic module, of the signals transmitted by said transmitting antenna, and

determining, on the basis of the relative position between the reference centroids LAj and each of the centroids WUi, representative of an electronic module (6-9), the wheel position to be assigned to each of said electronic modules.

US Pat. No. 9,558,110

METHOD FOR MANAGING A FLASH MEMORY

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A method of managing a rewritable mass memory subdivided into sectors (Sn) within which data pages (WL) are recorded, in
which data is periodically updated, the mass memory being such that the erasure of one piece of data in a sector (Sn) involves
the erasure of all the previously written data in this sector, said method comprising the following steps:
writing pieces of data one after the other in a sector, each piece of data being associated with a first block (BF) containing
at least one piece of information for identifying the piece of data,

writing administrative information data in an administrative block (AB) for managing the data of the sector concerned in said
sector,
wherein
each administrative block (AB) of administrative information data is written among the other data of the sector (Sn) and is
associated with a second block (BF?) comprising one piece of information for identifying the data and one piece of check information,

an administrative block (AB) of administrative information data comprising a first part (14) giving general indications and a second part (16) including a counter being incremented at each writing of an administrative block (AB) of administrative information data
in a new sector,

each first block (BF) associated with data comprising a check number (12) which is based, inter alia, on the corresponding administrative block (AB) of administrative information data counter.

US Pat. No. 9,543,092

CONTROL DEVICE WITH OPTIMIZED COAXIALITY

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A control device (1), including:
a rotary switch (2) having a body (6) and a control rod (20) which extends along an axis (A), said control rod (20) having a general cylindrical form, and being mounted with at least one degree of rotational freedom in relation to the body
(6) along the axis (A), said control rod (20) being provided with at least one diametrical slot (21) which extends in a plane of reference (P) defined by a first diametrical direction (X) and the axis (A), said diametrical
slot (21) thus defining the first and second half-parts (20a, 20b) of the rod,

a molded plastic knob (3) which includes a housing which is adapted to receive said control rod (20), said housing including at least two flexible fingers (31, 32) which are diametrically opposed and resiliently provided in order to press the two half-parts (20a, 20b) of the rod radially inward, and at least two fixed fingers (33, 34) which are diametrically opposed and connected together by means of a connecting wall (35) which extends along the plane (P), the connecting wall (35) being received in the diametrical slot (21) without any substantial play in order to immobilize the knob (3) in relation to the control rod (20) in a direction (Y) perpendicular to the plane of reference (P), the two flexible fingers (31, 32) holding the knob (3) along the axis (A) by means of friction or by means of mechanical or spring-assisted blocking.

US Pat. No. 9,065,551

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR ADAPTIVELY SUPPRESSING IN-BAND INTERFERENCE SIGNALS IN RADIO RECEIVERS

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A circuit arrangement for suppressing interference signals with the aid of a band-stop filter, the circuit arrangement
comprising:
a first local oscillator for generating a first local oscillator signal with an adjustable frequency and a second local oscillator
for generating a second local oscillator signal with an adjustable frequency;

a first mixer for converting a radio-frequency signal into a corresponding intermediate-frequency signal using the first local
oscillator signal with adjustable frequency;

a second mixer for converting the intermediate-frequency signal into a corresponding baseband signal using the second local
oscillator signal with adjustable frequency;

a notch filter having a stop band defined by a predetermined frequency response; and
a control unit configured to:
estimate the frequency of an interference signal contained in the intermediate-frequency signal; and
control the first local oscillator to shift, over time, the frequency of the local oscillator signals generated by the first
local oscillator and fed to the first mixer to match the estimated frequency of the interference signal such that the frequency
of the interference signal lies within the stop band of the notch filter.

US Pat. No. 9,255,536

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR OPERATING AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A method for operating an internal combustion engine having a plurality of cylinders, which are each assigned respective
injection valves for metering fuel, and an exhaust gas probe which has discrete level probe characteristics and is arranged
in an exhaust gas section and whose measurement signal is characteristic of an air/fuel ratio in the respective cylinder,
a crankshaft angle sensor whose measurement signal is representative of a crankshaft angle of a crankshaft, the method comprising:
determining a correction signal for a fuel mass to be metered using a lambda controller, e.g., as a function of the measurement
signal of the exhaust gas probe,

when at least one predefined condition is satisfied within a predefined operating range of the internal combustion engine,
performing a cylinder-specific diagnosis with respect to emissions of pollutants on the basis of unsmooth running,

wherein during the execution of the cylinder-specific diagnosis, the diagnosis actively performed only in a respective detection
phase initiated by a modified proportional jump of the correction signal to a neutral value (N), and

wherein the diagnosis is performed with a modified integral parameter of the lambda controller, which integral parameter is
reduced in absolute value compared to an integral parameter in a normal operating mode of the lambda controller.

US Pat. No. 9,243,601

ON-BOARD ELECTRICAL SYSTEM FOR A VEHICLE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. An on-board electrical system for a vehicle, comprising:
a first energy storage unit outputting a first voltage level;
a second energy storage unit outputting a second voltage level;
a control unit controlling a flow of current between said first energy storage unit and said second energy storage unit in
both directions;

a polarity-reversal protection diode connecting said first energy storage unit to said control unit for supplying an operating
voltage;

a switching element connected in parallel with said polarity-reversal protection diode; and
a comparison unit configured for comparing the first voltage level with the second voltage level, said comparison unit configured
to close said switching element to short said polarity-reversal protection diode when the comparing determines that the first
voltage level is above the second voltage level, and said comparison unit configured to open said switching element so that
said polarity-reversal protection diode is not shorted by said switching element when the comparing determines that the first
voltage level has fallen to a voltage threshold value lying below the second voltage level.

US Pat. No. 9,555,671

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR MONITORING DATA RELATING TO THE TIRES OF A VEHICLE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A method for determining identifiers (ID) of wheel units of a vehicle and positions relative to the vehicle of the wheels
on which said wheel units are fitted, the vehicle being equipped with a speed sensor for each wheel, each wheel unit being
equipped with means for transmitting at a predetermined angular position of the corresponding wheel around its axis (18) a message including the identifier of the wheel unit, a central processing unit receiving said message and information from
said speed sensors, said method comprising the following steps:
a) counting, for each identifier, of a number “nt” of receptions of said identifier,
b) statistical processing of the numbers “nt” in order to determine from among all the identifiers received those which are
statistically indicated to be the identifier of one of the wheel units of the vehicle, the identifiers becoming candidate
identifiers for the vehicle, the statistical process ending when the number of the candidate identifiers is at least equal
to the number of wheels of the vehicle, and

c) determining that each candidate identifier is the identifier of a particular wheel unit if said candidate identifier meets
a predetermined criterion relating to at least one instant of reception of said candidate identifier and to the angular position
of a particular wheel at said instant, and assigning to the corresponding particular wheel the position relative to the vehicle
of the speed sensor supplying said angular position,
wherein step c) comprises steps cb1) to cb10), in which
at step cb1), for each identifier received, a check is made as to whether or not said current received identifier is the candidate identifier;
if not, the current received identifier is not processed,

if yes in step cb1), at step cb2), an angular position of each wheel is determined for the instant at which the current candidate identifier was received,
and an angular division of a full interval, ?180° to +180°, is consequently selected for each wheel,

at step cb3), a count of each selected division is incremented by one in the division of each wheel, the count being dedicated to the
current candidate identifier,

at step cb4), a dispersion value ?1, ?2, ?3, ?4 is calculated for each of the constructed histograms by counting the number of identifiers
registered in a division,

at step cb5), a ratio R is established between the first and the second smallest dispersion value for the current identifier,

at step cb6), the ratio R is compared with a threshold value,

at step cb7), if R is equal to or greater than the threshold value, the current candidate identifier is considered to be the identifier
of the vehicle and the wheel unit responding to said current candidate identifier is positioned at the position corresponding
to the smallest dispersion; if the ratio is not equal to or greater than the threshold value, the process continues,

at step cb8), when it has been decided that the current identifier is the identifier of the vehicle, the current identifier is eliminated
from the candidate identifiers,

at step cb9), a check is made as to whether or not the four wheels have been learnt and positioned; if not, the process continues for
the candidate identifiers which have not yet been eliminated as being the identifier of the vehicle and for the wheels which
have not yet been located; if yes, the process is terminated, and

at step cb10), if the process is not terminated at the end of a predetermined duration starting at the end of step b), the process has
failed.

US Pat. No. 9,270,482

METHOD FOR ACTIVATING A NETWORK COMPONENT OF A VEHICLE NETWORK SYSTEM

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A method for activating at least one temporarily inactive network component of a network system for a vehicle, especially
a motor vehicle, comprising:
transmitting by a central network device of the network system a signal to a first network component via a path inside the
network system that leads at least partially across a network segment of the network system;

connecting at least partially in response to the signal the first network component and its associated first activation device
connected unbranched to at least one switch device arranged in a path and to an associated second activation device; and

the central network device addressing the associated first activation device by the at least one switch device by sending
a network function control signal whereby the at least one temporarily inactive machine network component is activated.

US Pat. No. 9,316,190

HIGH-PRESSURE FUEL INJECTION VALVE FOR AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A high-pressure fuel injection valve for an internal combustion engine connected to a fuel tank, comprising:
a fuel receiving chamber housing a single control piston having a piston upper side and a piston lower side and a nozzle needle
arranged with respect to each other in a longitudinal direction,

wherein the nozzle needle is arranged on the lower side of the control piston which faces toward a nozzle tip having spray
holes and interacts with a needle seat in the nozzle tip,

the fuel receiving chamber including:
a closing control chamber located on and in contact with the upper side of the control piston and defined by walls of the
fuel receiving chamber and the upper side of the control piston housed within the fuel receiving chamber, the closing control
chamber hydraulically connected to the fuel tank by a fuel high-pressure port via a first fuel feed throttle and to the fuel
tank by a fuel low-pressure port via a first fuel return throttle to return fuel to the fuel tank,

an opening control chamber located on and in contact with the lower side of the control piston and defined by walls of the
fuel receiving chamber and the lower side of the control piston housed within the fuel receiving chamber, the opening control
chamber hydraulically connected to the fuel tank by a fuel high-pressure port via a second fuel feed throttle and to the fuel
tank by a fuel low-pressure port via a second fuel return throttle to return fuel to the fuel tank, and

wherein the first fuel return throttle has a larger throttle aperture and a greater fuel throughflow value than the second
fuel return throttle such that when a control valve is open, pressure falls more quickly in the closing control chamber than
in the opening control chamber until a resultant force on the control piston opens the high-pressure fuel injection valve,
and

wherein the first fuel feed throttle has a larger throttle aperture and a greater fuel throughflow value than the second fuel
feed throttle, such that when the control valve is closed pressure builds up more quickly in the closing control chamber than
in the opening control chamber until a resultant force on the control piston closes the high-pressure fuel injection valve.

US Pat. No. 9,048,773

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR REGULATING SEPARATELY EXCITED SYNCHRONOUS MACHINES

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A regulation method for a separately excited synchronous machine having a stator and a rotor, the regulation method comprising:
providing reference values for stator and rotor currents, wherein at least one of the reference value for the stator current,
the reference value for the rotor current, an auxiliary variable representing the reference value for the stator current,
and an auxiliary variable representing the reference value for the rotor current is dependent on a predetermined reference
torque,

providing maximum values for stator and rotator currents,
comparing at least one of the reference values with a corresponding one of the maximum values, and
reducing the reference torque by a torque value in response to the at least one reference values reaching or exceeding the
corresponding maximum value.

US Pat. No. 9,231,340

RELEASEABLE ELECTRICAL CONTACT CONNECTION

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A releasable electrical contact connection, comprising:
a first plug part and a complementary second plug part to be interconnected;
said first plug part having an electrically conductive screw bolt with a longitudinal axis;
said second plug part having an insulating plug housing, a cable end disposed in said plug housing and a nut disposed in said
plug housing;

said nut configured to be turned from outside said plug housing and said nut providing a mechanical and electrical connection
between said cable end and said screw bolt;

said cable end and said nut being movable in said plug housing in a direction of said longitudinal axis to establish or release
said mechanical and electrical connection; and

said first plug part having an insulating housing wall surrounding said plug housing.

US Pat. No. 9,086,042

VALVE BODY, FLUID INJECTION VALVE AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING A VALVE BODY

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A method for producing a valve body for a fluid injection valve having a longitudinal axis, the method comprising:
producing a base body comprising a magnetic material, the base body having a sidewall defining a recess extending through
the base body in an axial direction, the side wall having at least one opening that opens into the recess,

producing a cover element comprising a non-magnetic material, and
arranging the cover element to sealingly cover the at least one opening in the base body sidewall.

US Pat. No. 9,051,893

METHOD FOR DETECTING A MALFUNCTION IN AN ELECTRONICALLY REGULATED FUEL INJECTION SYSTEM OF AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A method for detecting a malfunction in an electronically regulated fuel injection system of an internal combustion engine
having a high-pressure pump, a high pressure system downstream of the high-pressure pump and including a high-pressure accumulator,
a pressure control valve, and a plurality of fuel injectors, the method comprising:
performing a test routine, including controlling (a) a volume control valve upstream of the high-pressure accumulator and
(b) the pressure control valve of the high pressure system downstream of the high-pressure pump to effect an increase and
a subsequent decrease in a pressure of the fuel in the high pressure system of the fuel injection system, wherein the test
routine includes:

closing the pressure control valve downstream of the high-pressure pump while the volume control valve is open, resulting
in an increase in the pressure of the fuel in the high pressure system,

deactivating the plurality of fuel injectors, and
closing the volume control valve while the pressure control valve remains closed, resulting in a decrease in the pressure
of the fuel in the high pressure system,

wherein the internal combustion engine remains running throughout the test routine,
detecting various parameters of the fuel injection system and storing the detected parameters as part of the test routine,
based on the detected parameters, calculating at least one fuel pressure gradient during at least one of the increase in the
fuel pressure and the subsequent decrease in the fuel pressure effected during the test routine, and

detecting a malfunction in the fuel injection system based on the calculated at least one fuel pressure gradient.

US Pat. No. 9,344,607

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR SYNCHRONIZING AN IMAGE DISPLAY IN A MOTOR VEHICLE

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A method for synchronizing an image display, comprising:
receiving a first image signal from a first device;
receiving a second image signal from a second device;
measuring a temporal distance between a blanking interval of the second image signal and a blanking interval of the first
image signal once per frame;

bringing the first and second image signals together for display on a single display device; and
synchronizing the second image signal with the first image signal by modifying the temporal position of a blanking interval
of the second image signal relative to the blanking interval of the first image signal based at least in part on the measured
temporal distance when the measured temporal distance exceeds a threshold,

wherein the synchronized second image signal is brought together with the first image signal for the display on the single
display device,

wherein the synchronization only occurs during a stabilization phase.

US Pat. No. 9,335,581

DISPLAY WITH AN ELECTRO-OPTICAL DISPLAY MODULE

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A display with an electro-optical display module (1), comprising:
a display area (A);
a transparent cover (3) arranged between the display area (A) and a possible observer of the display area (A); and

an adhesive configured to bond the transparent cover (3) onto the display area (A),

wherein the surface of the transparent cover (3) has a planar inner region (2a) bonded by adhesive onto the display area (A) and a peripheral region (4), the peripheral region surrounding the planar inner region (2a) and having an arcuate cross-sectional profile that extends above the plane of the planar inner region (2a).

US Pat. No. 9,284,905

CLASSIFICATION METHOD FOR AN INJECTOR, CALIBRATION METHOD FOR A CHARACTERISTIC MAP OF AN INJECTOR, AND TEST BENCH DEVICE FOR AN INJECTOR

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A classification method for an injector, the method comprising:
actuating the injector with a test control signal having a current level and a duration,
detecting a quantity of fluid output by the injector based on the test control signal,
comparing the detected quantity of fluid output by the injector with a quantity of fluid associated with the test control
signal,

classifying the injector based on the quantity of fluid output by the injector by determining a quantity class of the injector
based on the comparison,

determining a necessary control signal to yield a desired fluid output based on the classification of the injector,
determining an offset time of the injector based on the determined quantity class, and
accounting for any injector with a reduced stroke by adjusting the current level or the duration of the test control signal
to determine the necessary control signal to yield a desired fluid output.

US Pat. No. 9,234,910

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DETERMINING A STATE OF MOTION OF A VEHICLE COMPRISING AN ACCELERATION SENSOR

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A method for determining a state of motion of a vehicle based on information relating to only a single axis of only one
single axis acceleration sensor, comprising:
determining a vibration signal representative of vibrations of the vehicle based only on an axial acceleration, wherein the
axial acceleration is determined to be an acceleration along an axis oblique to the direction of travel, and

wherein the axial acceleration is determined from a measurement signal output by the only one single axis acceleration sensor
measuring the single axis;

determining at least one of a predefined upper threshold value and a predefined lower threshold value as a function of at
least one of a GPS signal of a GPS module and a speed signal of a speed signal generator;

comparing the vibration signal with the predefined upper threshold value and with the predefined lower threshold value; and
determining whether the vehicle is stationary or whether the vehicle is moving as a function of the comparison of the vibration
signal with the predefined upper threshold value and with the predefined lower threshold value,

wherein the single axis is oblique to a direction of travel of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,316,194

INJECTOR FOR INJECTING FLUID

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. An injector for injecting fluid, comprising:
a valve body having a longitudinal axis,
a valve needle axially moveable along the longitudinal axis of the valve body to prevent a fluid injection in a closing position
and to permit a fluid injection in an open position,

an armature configured to move the valve needle in a first direction from the closing position towards the open position,
a valve needle spring biased to move the valve needle in a second direction from the open position towards the closing position,
a L-shaped needle retainer having first and second portions, a first needle retainer portion elongated in the direction of
the longitudinal axis fixed to the valve needle and a second needle retainer portion elongated in a direction perpendicular
to the longitudinal axis, the second needle retainer portion having top and bottom sides defining top and bottom contact areas
on either side for contact with the armature on the top side and contact with an armature holder on the bottom side, and

a L-shaped armature holder having first and second portions, a first armature holder portion elongated in the direction of
the longitudinal axis fixed to the armature and a second armature holder portion elongated in a direction perpendicular to
the longitudinal axis, the second armature holder portion having top and bottom sides defining a contact area on the top side
for contacting the bottom side of the second needle retainer portion,

wherein the needle retainer and the armature holder are releasably coupleable upon the armature moving towards the first direction,
such that the needle is also moved towards the first direction by the movement of the armature holder in contact with the
needle retainer, and

the needle retainer and the armature holder are de-coupleable upon the valve needle moving towards the second direction, with
the movement of the needle in the second direction limited by contact of the bottom side of the second needle retainer portion
with the top side of the second armature holder portion.

US Pat. No. 9,277,342

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR TESTING A LOUDSPEAKER ARRANGEMENT

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A method for testing a loudspeaker arrangement (10) having a loudspeaker (20) that has a loudspeaker membrane configured to generate an acoustic signal, and an actuation circuit (30) configured to electrically actuate the loudspeaker (20), the method comprising:
applying, by the actuation circuit (30), a digital pulse test signal (P) with a predetermined changing duty cycle to the loudspeaker (20) during a respective test sequence duration (TS), the duty cycle being predetermined to change such that, at the start of
the test sequence duration (TS), the duty cycle increases over a plurality of period durations of the test sequence duration
(TS) and, at the end of the test sequence duration (TS), the duty cycle reduces over a plurality of period durations of the
test sequence duration (TS);

registering a measurement variable (U) during the respective test sequence duration (TS), the measurement variable being representative
of a voltage drop across a reference circuit (39) connected in series with the loudspeaker (20); and

classifying the loudspeaker arrangement as being functional based on a comparison between the measurement variable (U) and
a predetermined reference value.

US Pat. No. 9,217,406

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A HIGH-PRESSURE FUEL PUMP

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A method for controlling a high-pressure fuel pump which comprises an electrically controllable electromechanical inlet
valve, an outlet valve and a displacement element, the method comprising:
operating the inlet valve in alternating manner between a self-controlling operating mode and an electromechanically-controlled
operating mode, including:

operating the inlet valve in the self-controlling operating mode after a start command is present, wherein in the self-controlling
operating mode the inlet valve is subjected to (a) a pressure difference upstream and downstream of said inlet valve, (b)
a spring force acting on the inlet valve in a closing direction, (c) an electromechanical force that opposes and compensates
the spring force such that an opening and closing of the inlet valve is controlled by the pressure difference upstream and
downstream of said inlet valve,

during operation of the inlet valve in the self-controlling operating mode, determining a phase position of the displacement
element, and

after the phase position of the displacement element is determined, switching the inlet valve to the electromechanically-controlled
operating mode wherein the inlet valve is opened and closed electromechanically depending on the determined phase position,

wherein in a currentless state of the inlet valve, the spring force acting on the inlet valve exceeds the pressure difference
upstream and downstream of said inlet valve to thereby maintain the inlet valve in the closed position throughout the currentless
state of the inlet valve.

US Pat. No. 9,435,305

VALVE ASSEMBLY FOR AN INJECTION VALVE AND INJECTION VALVE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A valve assembly for an injection valve, the valve assembly comprising:
a valve body comprising a central longitudinal axis and a cavity with a fluid inlet portion and a fluid outlet portion,
a valve needle axially movable in the cavity, the valve needle preventing a fluid flow through the fluid outlet portion in
a closing position of the valve needle and allowing the fluid flow through the fluid outlet portion in further positions of
the valve needle,

an electro-magnetic actuator unit configured to actuate the valve needle, the actuator unit comprising an armature that is
axially movable in the cavity, wherein the armature comprises:

a main body, and
a hydraulic damper fixedly coupled to the main body and having an inner surface facing the main body, the inner surface configured
to contact the valve needle in certain positions of the valve needle,

wherein the hydraulic damper comprises:
a first opening and at least one second opening, wherein the valve needle extends through the first opening and the second
opening provides a fluid passage from the fluid inlet portion to the fluid outlet portion, and

a side surface extending in a direction of the longitudinal axis, wherein the side surface is completely in contact with the
main body.

US Pat. No. 9,340,204

ARRANGEMENT FOR CONTROLLING HIGHLY AUTOMATED DRIVING OF A VEHICLE

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. An arrangement for controlling highly automated driving of a vehicle, comprising:
a vehicle guiding device (100) autonomously guiding the vehicle (1);

an evaluation device (110) evaluating a condition of a driver (2) of the vehicle (1); and

a control device (120) controlling activation and deactivation of the vehicle guiding device (100),

wherein the vehicle guiding device (100) guides the vehicle (1) autonomously in an activated state,

wherein the vehicle guiding device (100) calculates a remaining autonomous driving time, wherein the remaining autonomous driving time indicates a time for which
the vehicle guiding device (100) can autonomously guide the vehicle (1),

wherein the evaluation device (110) calculates a reaction time (Ti) of the driver (2) on the basis of the evaluated condition of the driver (2), wherein the reaction time (Ti) indicates a time that the driver (2) requires at most to take over control of the vehicle (1) from the vehicle guiding device (100) when the vehicle guiding device (100) is in the activated state, and

wherein the control device (120) activates or deactivates the vehicle guiding device (100) on the basis of the remaining autonomous driving time and the reaction time (Ti) of the driver (2).

US Pat. No. 9,331,838

METHOD FOR SYNCHRONIZING CLOCKS IN NODES OF A VEHICLE NETWORK AND NODE DESIGNED TO PERFORM THE METHOD

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A method for synchronizing clocks (1, 2) in nodes of a vehicle network of a motor vehicle, in which the nodes communicate with one another by a communications protocol
which is not synchronized per se, the method comprising:
a master node having a master clock (1) sending out synchronization messages;

a slave node having a slave clock (2) evaluating the synchronization messages;

adapting a timing signal of the slave clock (2) to a timing signal of the master clock (1);

correcting a time difference between the master clock (1) and the slave clock (2), taking into account transmission delay for a message between the master node and the slave node;

at least for a first synchronization of the master clock (1) to a slave clock (2) after the nodes of the vehicle network are started up, using a default transmission delay in the slave node to correct the
time difference between the master node and the slave node, and/or the slave node sending out a Delay Request message (8), and recording in the master node the time (t4) at which Delay Request message (8) is received and the master node sending the time (t4), as a Delay Response message (9), back to the slave node; and

determining, in the slave node, the transmission delay for a message between the master node and the slave node,
wherein the frequency of sending the Delay Request messages (8) equals the frequency of sending the synchronization messages (4), at least for a defined time period after the nodes of the vehicle are started up.

US Pat. No. 9,270,122

CONVERTER DEVICE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A converter device comprising:
a primary converter with a resonant circuit, the primary converter configured to output a variable voltage at an output of
the primary converter, wherein the variable voltage ranges from <0 V to at least a highest voltage needed to output current
in the converter device, and

means for supplying different currents or voltages for at least two different loads, the means comprising at least two secondary
converters, each having an output store and a switch for controllably connecting the output store of that secondary converter
to the output of the primary converter, wherein the switch of each secondary converter is configured to disconnect the output
store of the respective secondary converter from the primary converter output when the output store has a predefined amount
of energy for a next period duration.

US Pat. No. 9,105,882

ENERGY STORAGE CELL

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. An energy storage cell, comprising:
a cell body extending two-dimensionally in an extension plane and having four lateral planes arranged along a circumference
of the extension plane, with two of said lateral planes extending in each case parallel to one another and with the extension
plane having a center point;

first and second rectangular conductor electrodes respectively disposed on two mutually opposite lateral planes, said conductor
electrodes being disposed in each case symmetrically in the direction of the circumference about a center of the corresponding
said lateral plane, and each said conductor electrode forming a contact point where an edge thereof contacts the respective
said lateral plane, and said conductor electrodes having edges remote from the corresponding said lateral plane and extending
non-parallel with the circumference of the extension plane;

wherein said edges remote from the corresponding said lateral plane are defined as remote edges;
wherein at least one of said conductor electrodes is constructed such that an angle ? formed between a line extending from
the center point of the extension plane to one of said remote edges of said one of said conductor electrodes and a line extending
from the center point of the extension plane to the center of the respective said lateral plane has a value of 25° and

wherein an angle ? between a connecting line of edges formed between said lateral planes, which edges define said lateral
planes that comprise said conductor electrodes in the direction of the circumference, and the center point of the extension
plane on the one hand and a connecting line between the center of the respective said lateral plane and the center point of
the extension plane on the other hand has a value of 40°

US Pat. No. 9,088,213

METHOD FOR THE PHASE DIAGNOSIS OF A MULTIPHASE CONVERTER

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

4. A system for the phase diagnosis of a multiphase converter to detect faults in individual converter phases, comprising:
a controller configured to provide control over a balanced load distribution for the individual converter phases, and
an evaluation circuit configured to:
perform multiple detections of a distribution of the load between individual phases of the converter at two or more different
times during operation of the converter, and at different temperatures, including:

a first detection of the distribution of the load between the individual phases of the converter when the converter is at
a first temperature, and

a second detection of the distribution of the load between the individual phases of the converter when the converter is at
a second temperature higher than the first temperature, calculate changes in the distribution of the load based on the multiple
detections of the distribution of the load at different times and at different temperatures, and

determine a fault based on the calculated changes in the distribution of the load.

US Pat. No. 9,050,865

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DETERMINING THE MILEAGE OF A TIRE

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A method for determining a mileage of a tire, the method comprising the following steps:
determining a first current mileage over a first limited period of time using a measurement sensor system by one of:
1) measuring, while the tire is rolling on the road, a first number of wheel revolutions occurring during a first prescribed
measurement time; or

2) measuring, while the tire is rolling on the road, a first time during which a first prescribed number of wheel revolutions
occur;

determining a second current mileage over a second limited period of time using the measurement sensor system by one of:
1) measuring, while the tire is rolling on the road, a second number of wheel revolutions occurring during a second prescribed
measurement time; or

2) measuring, while the tire is rolling on the road, a second time during which a second prescribed number of wheel revolutions
occur;

providing a measurement-free rest period between the first current mileage measurement and the second current mileage measurement
in which the measurement sensor system changes to a sleep mode or is isolated from a provided power source, a duration of
the measurement-free rest period extending over a plurality of wheel revolutions N;

estimating the mileage during the measurement-free rest period with a computation unit configured to estimate the mileage
based on at least one of the first current mileage or the second current mileage; and

repeating the method with the already performed second measurement replacing the first measurement.

US Pat. No. 9,347,412

DAMPING ELEMENT FOR AN ARRANGEMENT OF A CYLINDER HEAD OF AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE AND AN INJECTION VALVE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A damping element configured to damp a vibration transmitted between an injection valve body with a central longitudinal
axis and a cylinder head of an internal combustion engine, the damping element comprising:
a ring-washer-shaped base body having an upper surface, a lower surface and an inner circumference, the base body adapted
to encircle an injection valve body and upon assembly lie between the injection valve body and a step formed in a cylinder
head recess receiving an injection valve body such that the base body lower surface is located a distance above not in contact
with the cylinder head recess step;

first and second contact sections fixedly coupled to the upper surface of the base body and protruding beyond the base body
in a first axial direction; and

a third shaped contact section fixedly coupled to the lower surface of the base body and protruding beyond the base body in
a second axial direction opposed to the first axial direction for minimally contacting a cylinder head recess step upon assembly
and during engine operation,

wherein the first contact section has a radial distance from the inner circumference of the ring-washer-shaped base body which
is different than a radial distance of the second contact section from the inner circumference of the ring-washer-shaped base
body, and

the radial distance of the third contact section from the inner circumference having a value between the values of the radial
distances of the first and second contact sections from the inner circumference.

US Pat. No. 9,332,640

CONTACT SURFACE ARRANGED ON A CARRIER FOR CONNECTING TO A COUNTER CONTACT SURFACE ARRANGED ON A FURTHER CARRIER, AND DEVICE COMPRISING A CONTACT SURFACE AND A COUNTER CONTACT SURFACE CONNECTED THERETO

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A device, comprising:
a carrier having a contact area for connection to a mating contact area on a further carrier;
an adhesive including conductive particles with an average diameter, said adhesive for connecting said contact area of said
carrier to the mating contact area on the further carrier;

said contact area of said carrier having a surface with moldings extending from said surface, said moldings forming a turf
structure, said moldings being spaced apart from each other by distances being approximately equal to or less than the average
diameter of the conductive particles in at least one direction; and

said conductive particles located in between said moldings extending from said surface of said contact area.

US Pat. No. 9,085,273

METHOD FOR SIGNAL PROCESSING OF SOLID-BORNE SOUND SIGNALS, IN PARTICULAR IN MOTOR VEHICLES, AND AN OCCUPANT PROTECTION SYSTEM WITH CORRESPONDING SIGNAL PROCESSING UNIT

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A method for signal processing of solid-borne sound signals, in motor vehicles, comprising measuring a solid-borne sound,
using a filter to provide a frequency component of the solid-borne sound, and evaluating this frequency component between
a lower operating frequency and an upper operating frequency, characterized in that the filter is a first-order high-pass
filter having a ?3 dB cut-off frequency that lies between the upper operating frequency and the lower operating frequency,
and comprising performing an unequal weighting of different frequencies within an operating range between the lower operating
frequency and the upper operating frequency, wherein frequencies in the operating range below the ?3 dB cut-off frequency
are damped more than ?3 dB and frequencies in the operating range above the ?3 dB cut-off frequency are damped less than ?3
dB.

US Pat. No. 9,376,993

LEVER DEVICE AND A FUEL INJECTION VALVE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A lever device for a fuel injection valve, the lever device comprising:
a housing having a housing recess,
at least one lever element, each arranged in the housing recess and having a coupling portion coupled to a portion of the
housing,

a drive element arranged in the housing recess and coupled to the at least one lever element to act on the at least one lever
element along a longitudinal axis, and

an output element arranged in the housing recess and coupled to the at least one lever element such that the output element
is moveable along the longitudinal axis by the at least one lever element,

wherein for each lever element, the coupling portion has a recess that defines at least two contact faces of the coupling
portion that are spaced apart from each other and lie on the portion of the housing.

US Pat. No. 9,335,288

STORAGE VESSEL FOR A LIQUID, AND A METHOD FOR MEASURING THE ELECTRIC CONDUCTIVITY OF A LIQUID

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A storage vessel (10) for storing a liquid (24), the storage vessel comprising:
a lower wall (22) and side walls (12);

an arrangement for measuring the electrical conductivity of the liquid (24) located in the storage vessel (10), the arrangement comprising:

(i) a first contact (20);

(ii) a second contact (21),

wherein the first contact (20) and the second contact (21) are wetted by the liquid (24) such that conductivity between the first and second contacts can be measured; and

(iii) a first conductor loop (16) comprising an open conductor that is not closed and has two open ends, the two open ends comprising a first open end (18) and a second open end (19), the first conductor loop (16) being arranged between the first and second contacts such that the first open end (18) is electrically coupled to the first contact (20), and the second open end (19) is electrically coupled to the second contact (21); and

a second conductor loop (26) configured and arranged with respect to the first conductor loop (16) to non-contactingly and inductively couple with the first conductor loop (16) to induce a voltage into the first conductor loop (16) by the inductive coupling, the second conductor loop (26) being directly coupled to an electronic measuring system (28) configured to determine and evaluate the current flow in the first conductor loop (16) and to determine the conductivity of the liquid on the basis of the determination and evaluation.

US Pat. No. 9,309,814

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING A VARIABLE VALVE TRAIN OF AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A method for controlling a variable valve train of an internal combustion engine with a plurality of cylinders, comprising:
determining an intake air quantity at a first operating point of the internal combustion engine,
at the first operating point, determining cylinder-specific values for a reduction of the fuel quantity by successively reducing
the respective delivered quantity of fuel for each cylinder until a parameter representing the uneven running of the internal
combustion engine has reached a specified uneven running limit value,

determining a ratio of a change of the inlet valve lift to a resulting change of the intake air quantity for the first operating
point,

determining cylinder-specific deviations of the inlet valve lift from a valve reference value based on the ratio, the intake
air quantity at the first operating point, and the associated fuel quantity reduction value, and

controlling the variable valve train based on at least one of the cylinder-specific deviations of the inlet valve lift.

US Pat. No. 9,175,655

METHOD OF FABRICATING AN INJECTOR FOR A COMBUSTION ENGINE, ARMATURE-NEEDLE ASSEMBLY AND FLUID INJECTOR

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

11. An armature-needle assembly for an injector for a combustion engine, the armature-needle assembly comprising:
a first base part with a first stop face,
a second base part with a second stop face and a third stop face, and
an armature with a bore,
wherein a section of the first base part and a section of the second base part are arranged in the bore of the armature,
wherein the second stop face and the third stop face are arranged spaced apart from each other,
wherein the first stop face and the second stop face abut each other and the first base part and the second base part are
fixedly coupled to each other, and

wherein the armature is movable between the first stop face and the third stop face.

US Pat. No. 9,091,709

CIRCUIT ARRRANGEMENT FOR DETECTING A MAXIMUM IN THE PROFILE OF A MEASUREMENT SIGNAL

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A circuit configuration for detecting a maximum in a profile of a measurement signal, the circuit configuration comprising:
a first resistor;
an operational amplifier having a negative supply potential, an inverting input, a non-inverting input connected to a reference
potential being a positive potential, and an output connected through said first resistor to said inverting input;

a series circuit having a capacitor and a second resistor, said capacitor directly connected to said second resistor;
an input connection for applying the measurement signal too, said input connection connected to said inverting input of said
operational amplifier through said series circuit having said capacitor and said second resistor;

a third resistor;
a first, reverse-biased diode;
a second, forward-biased diode;
a connection point between said capacitor and said second resistor connected through said third resistor and said first, reverse-biased
diode to said negative supply potential of said operational amplifier; and

a connection point between said third resistor and said first diode connected to said output of said operational amplifier
through said second, forward-biased diode.

US Pat. No. 9,185,803

CIRCUIT BOARD FOR ELECTRIC COMPONENTS AND CIRCUIT BOARD SYSTEM

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A circuit board for electric components, comprising:
a carrier body;
at least one current conductor on said carrier body, said at least one current conductor being configured as a molded part;
and

at least one unhoused electric component attached to said at least one current conductor;
at least one layer of electrically insulating material at least partially covering said carrier body, said at least one current
conductor, and said at least one unhoused electric component; and

said layer of electrically insulating material having formed therein at least one breakthrough for contacting therethrough
said at least one unhoused electric component.

US Pat. No. 9,140,134

GUIDE VANE FOR A TURBO-COMPRESSOR, GUIDE VANE ARRANGEMENT, TURBO-COMPRESSOR, MOTOR VEHICLE AND METHOD

Continental Automotive Gm...

12. A motor vehicle, comprising:
a turbocharger, containing:
a turbine housing;
a turbine wheel disposed in said turbine housing, said turbine wheel having a turbine blade configuration, said turbine blade
configuration containing:

a multiplicity of guide blades each containing a guide blade profile having a blade underside, a blade top side, a blade leading
edge, and a nose extending along said blade leading edge, said nose extending from said blade leading edge toward said blade
top side and forming a negative pressure on said blade top side when exhaust gases impinge on said guide blades;

a receptacle device for rotatably receiving said guide blades, said guide blades disposed in a circular configuration in said
receptacle device and axes of rotation of said guide blades disposed parallel to one another;

an adjusting device for a uniform adjustment of an angle of incidence of said guide blades, said adjusting device being an
adjusting ring;

an actuator for adjusting said adjusting ring;
a coupling for connecting said actuator to said adjusting ring;
a compressor housing;
a compressor wheel disposed in said compressor housing; and
a rotor shaft connecting said turbine wheel to said compressor wheel in a rotationally conjoint manner, wherein an angle at
which exhaust-gases impinge on said turbine blade configuration can be adjusted by adjusting an angle of incidence of said
guide blades;

wherein said nose forms a step-like cross-sectional widening of said guide blade profile;
wherein said guide blade profile has a first curvature central point of a first head, a blade trailing edge, a second curvature
central point of an end radius, and a profile central line defining a profile basic shape of the guide blade, said profile
central line running from said first curvature central point of said first head radius in a region of said blade leading edge
to said second curvature central point of said end radius in a region of said blade trailing edge situated opposite said blade
leading edge;

wherein in a region of said nose, said guide blade profile has a third curvature central point of a second head radius disposed
spaced apart from said profile central line, said third curvature central point is disposed such that said blade leading edge
is formed by said first and the second head radii, said second head radius is greater than said first head radius; and

wherein said third curvature central point is disposed between said profile central line and said blade top side.

US Pat. No. 9,091,615

METHOD FOR MONITORING THE FUNCTIONAL SOFTWARE OF CONTROL DEVICES IN A CONTROL DEVICE SYSTEM

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A monitoring method for a control device system having a plurality of electronic control devices for controlling an internal
combustion engine in a motor vehicle, comprising:
for each of a plurality of individual electronic control devices of the control device system, calculating both (a) an actual
value of an operating variable of the internal combustion engine and (b) a nominal value of the operating variable of the
internal combustion engine, such that a plurality of actual values of the operating variable and a plurality of nominal values
of the operating variable are calculated,

comparing, by the electronic control devices, the plurality of actual values of the operating variable to each other to determine
a maximum actual value of the operating variable corresponding to any one of the individual electronic control devices,

comparing, by the electronic control devices, the plurality of nominal values of the operating variable to each other to determine
a minimum nominal value of the operating variable corresponding to any one of the individual electronic control devices,

after determining the maximum actual value of the operating variable corresponding to any one of the individual electronic
control devices and the minimum nominal value of the operating variable corresponding to any one of the individual electronic
control devices, comparing the maximum actual value of the operating variable with the minimum nominal value of the operating
variable; and

detecting a malfunction in the control device system based on the results of the comparison of the maximum actual value of
the operating variable with the minimum nominal value of the operating variable.

US Pat. No. 9,065,222

PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY FOR A CONTROL DEVICE, CONTROL DEVICE FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE AND SIGNAL PROCESSING ARRANGEMENT

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A printed circuit board assembly for a control device of a motor vehicle, the printed circuit board assembly comprising:
a multi-layered printed circuit board having a main section, a connection section, a curved connecting section disposed between
said main section and said connection section and connecting said connection section mechanically and electrically such that
a main plane of extent of said main section runs inclined with respect to a main plane of extent of said connection section;

a plug component having a first and a second plug connector row each containing at least one plug connector and a common mount,
said plug connector having a multiplicity of connecting elements with a connection part and a contact pin, said connection
part disposed in said common mount, said contact pin connected electrically and mechanically to said connection section and
having a main direction of extent running perpendicularly with respect to the main plane of extent of said connection section,
said first and second plug connector rows following one another in a stacking direction being inclined with respect to the
main plane of extent of said main section such that said first plug connector row being at a larger distance from said main
section than said second plug connector row; and

said curved connecting section made semi-flexible by a thickness being reduced compared to said main section and said connection
section, and by a glass-fiber-reinforced resin.

US Pat. No. 9,046,442

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR OPERATING AN INJECTION VALVE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A method to operate an injection valve including a valve needle preventing a fluid flow out of an injection nozzle in a
closing position of the valve needle and enabling the fluid flow of the injection nozzle in other positions of the valve needle,
and an electro-magnetic actuator unit being designed to actuate the valve needle, the method comprising:
activating, by a drive unit, the electro-magnetic actuator unit according to a predetermined activation signal supplied by
the drive unit with a given activation period for effecting a fluid flow out of the injection nozzle,

capturing, by a voltage sensor, a detected actuator unit voltage characteristic at least over a period of time during which
the valve needle could reach the closing position,

calculating, by a processor, a smoothed actuator unit voltage characteristic by filtering the actuator unit voltage characteristic
with a smoothing filter at least once,

determining, by the processor, a noise signal defined by a difference between the detected actuator unit voltage characteristic
and the smoothed actuator unit voltage characteristic,

determining, by the processor, a temporal maximum noise signal, and
determining, by the processor, a closing time representing a time when the valve needle reaches the closing position, based
on the determined temporal maximum of the noise signal.

US Pat. No. 9,046,066

VALVE ASSEMBLY FOR AN INJECTION VALVE, INJECTION VALVE AND METHOD FOR ASSEMBLING A VALVE ASSEMBLY OF AN INJECTION VALVE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. Valve assembly for an injection valve, comprising:
a valve body including a central longitudinal axis, the valve body comprising:
a cavity with a fluid inlet portion and a fluid outlet portion,
an end portion at an axial end facing away from the fluid outlet portion,
a seat arranged at an axial end of the valve body facing the fluid outlet portion, and
a valve cartridge and a housing,
a valve needle axially movable in the cavity, the valve needle preventing a fluid flow through the fluid outlet portion in
a closing position and releasing the fluid flow through the fluid outlet portion in further positions, the valve needle comprising:

an axial needle end facing away from the fluid outlet portion and facing the end portion of the valve body, and
a seat part resting on the seat of the valve body in the closing position, wherein a contact area between the seat part and
the seat of the valve body has a first outer diameter,

an electro-magnetic actuator unit configured to actuate the valve needle and comprising an armature and a coil,
a ring element arranged in the cavity radially between the cartridge and the housing and axially between the coil and the
armature,

an armature support spring arranged in the cavity axially between the ring element and the armature,
a bellow arrangement comprising a bellow and an end portion, the bellow fixedly coupled to the end portion in a coupling area,
wherein the bellow is fixedly coupled to the axial end of the valve needle, and the end portion of the bellow arrangement
is fixedly coupled to the end portion of the valve body, and

wherein the bellow arrangement is sealingly coupling the valve body with the valve needle, the coupling area having a second
outer diameter, with the first outer diameter being equal to the second outer diameter.

US Pat. No. 9,350,468

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR MEASURING AN LF FIELD AND METHOD FOR ARRANGING AN ANTENNA

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A method for gauging an LF field from an LF transmitter, the method which comprises:
a) transmitting an LF signal at a given LF signal intensity with the LF transmitter;
b) receiving the LF signal with an LF receiver installed in a tire of a vehicle, wherein the LF receiver is located in an
LF receiver position;

c) transmitting an RF signal in response to receiving the LF signal;
d) receiving the RF signal with an RF receiver; and
e) storing data representing the LF signal intensity and the LF receiver position;
A) repeatedly performing steps a) to e) while changing the LF signal intensity; and
repeatedly performing step A) while changing the LF receiver position relative to the LF transmitter;
wherein the step of changing the LF receiver position comprises rotating the tire in steps through an angle about an axis
of rotation of the tire.

US Pat. No. 9,046,042

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING A VARIABLE VALVE TRAIN OF AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A method for controlling a variable valve train of an internal combustion engine having a plurality of cylinders, comprising:
at a first operating point of the internal combustion engine, successively reducing a fuel quantity fed in for each cylinder
until a predefined unsmooth running limiting value is reached,

for each cylinder, determining a cylinder-specific value for the reduction in the fuel quantity at the first operating point
based on the determined fuel quantity reduction that achieves the predefined unsmooth running limiting value, and

controlling the variable valve train based on the determined cylinder-specific values for the reduction in the fuel quantity
at the first operating point.

US Pat. No. 9,468,057

DEVICE FOR SUPPLYING A PLURALITY OF LED UNITS WITH POWER

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A device for supplying power to a plurality of LED units, comprising:
a common DC/DC converter that outputs a regulated output voltage;
a plurality of sections connected to the common DC/DC converter, each section having a buck converter and an LED unit connected
thereto; and

a central, common processor configured to regulate section currents supplied to the LED units, by:
receiving actual values corresponding to the individual section currents;
calculating control values based on the received actual values; and
applying the calculated control values to the respective buck converters via corresponding control inputs of the respective
buck converters;

wherein at least one LED unit has a section voltage, at operating current, which is at or below a minimum input voltage of
the DC/DC converter, as a result of which emergency lighting is implemented in the event of failure of the DC/DC converter.

US Pat. No. 9,309,829

METHOD FOR ANALYZING THE EFFICIENCY OF THE HIGH-PRESSURE PUMP OF A FUEL INJECTION SYSTEM

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A method for analyzing the efficiency of the high-pressure pump of a fuel injection system, comprising:
analyzing an efficiency of the high-pressure pump related to individual pump strokes of the high-pressure pump,
wherein the analysis includes:
detecting and analyzing a pressure build-up or a pressure dissipation for each individual pump stroke, and
determining a state of individual components of the high-pressure pump based on the analysis of the pressure build-up or the
pressure dissipation for each individual pump stroke.

US Pat. No. 9,221,355

METHOD FOR DISPLAYING THE OPERATING RANGE OF AN ELECTRIC DRIVE VEHICLE, AND DISPLAY

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A method for displaying (12) an operating range of an electric drive vehicle, the method comprising:
determining battery energy in the vehicle with a sensor;
deriving from the determined battery energy a maximum operating range of the vehicle;
selecting, as respective destination points (15, 15?) for determining the maximum operating range (16), a plurality of different battery service stations, wherein all selected destination points (15, 15?) for determining the maximum operating range (16) are battery service stations;

determining an accessibility threshold (16) using a starting point (14) as a basis, beyond which the vehicle can no longer reach at least one of the plurality of destination points (15, 15?) with the derived battery energy; and

displaying, by a display unit (13), the determined accessibility threshold (16) as an operating range in a map illustration,

wherein the determination of the accessibility threshold (16) uses a current location of the vehicle as the starting point (14) and the current battery energy of the vehicle, the current location and the current battery energy of the vehicle being
updated at predeterminable intervals while the vehicle is traveling.

US Pat. No. 9,195,308

OPERATING DEVICE

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. An operator control apparatus having an operator control element with haptic feedback, wherein the operator control element
has an input area and can be operated by an operator using an input member, the operator control apparatus comprising:
a first ferromagnetic areal component having a first elevation;
a second ferromagnetic areal component having a second elevation, wherein said first and second ferromagnetic areal components
have their largest areas oriented toward each other and are configured to move relative to each other;

a first printed circuit board having a first flat coil arranged thereon and having a first coil opening; and
a second printed circuit board having a second flat coil arranged thereon and having a second coil opening, said first and
second printed circuit boards, and said first and second flat coils, being arranged between said first and second ferromagnetic
areal components,

wherein said first coil opening is configured to receive said first elevation such that the first elevation forms a ferromagnetic
coil core of said first flat coil and said second coil opening is configured to receive said second elevation such that the
second elevation forms a ferromagnetic coil core of said second flat coil, wherein when said first and second flat coils carry
current, a respective magnetic field is produced in said first and second ferromagnetic areal components, such that a flow
of current through each of said first and second flat coils causes at least one of said first and second ferromagnetic areal
components to move toward and away from each other,

wherein the input area is either configured as a part of said first or second ferromagnetic areal component or coupled to
said first or second ferromagnetic areal component using a coupling apparatus, and

wherein said movement of one of said first and second ferromagnetic areal components is perceptible to a sense of touch of
the operator on the operator control element either directly or through said coupling apparatus.

US Pat. No. 9,413,549

METHOD FOR ACTIVATING A NETWORK COMPONENT OF A MOTOR VEHICLE NETWORK SYSTEM

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A method for activating at least one temporarily inactive network component of a network system for a vehicle, comprising:
connecting, for signal communication, a central network device of the network system to the at least one temporarily inactive
network component via a path inside the network system, which leads at least partially across a network segment of the network
system;

connecting, for signal communication, the at least one temporarily inactive network component and its associated first activation
device via the network segment, the first activation device being directly connected in an unbranched configuration to only
a switch device and an associated second activation device, wherein the switch device is arranged between the central network
device and the at least one temporarily inactive network component;

addressing, by the central network device, the first activation device by the switch device by sending a network function
control signal;

activating the at least one temporarily inactive network component by the first activation device in response to the network
function control signal; and

sending, by the first activation device subsequent to activation, a further network function control signal to a second activation
device that confirms the activation.

US Pat. No. 9,356,742

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR TRANSMITTING DATA IN A MOTOR VEHICLE

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A method for transmitting data in a motor vehicle by wireless communication over a network having a plurality of nodes,
the method comprising:
dividing data from a first transmitting data node (2);

transmitting, via at least two different communication routes (a, b, c), the divided data to a second receiving data node
(3);

reassembling, upon reception, the transmitted divided data;
generating, of data (6, 6a, 6b, 6c) to be transmitted, redundant data (7, 7a, 7b) which facilitate reconstruction of the data (6, 6a, 6b, 6c) to be transmitted in the case of a failure of a communication route (a, b, c); and

transmitting the redundant data (7, 7a, 7b) and the data (6, 6a, 6b, 6c) to be transmitted via the different communication routes,

wherein:
selection of the communication routes is carried out by a combination of:
(a) static route selection, and
(b) restricted dynamic route selection, in which dynamic selection of only a predetermined number of the data nodes is permitted,
each of the plurality of nodes is aware of its position within the motor vehicle, and
the redundant data (7a, 7b) are formed by a logical operation on different parts of the data (6a, 6b, 6c) to be transmitted, weighting between achievable redundancy and transmission speed being adapted by specifying the degree
of redundancy.

US Pat. No. 9,333,950

WINDOW CLEANING SYSTEM FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A window cleaning system for a motor vehicle, comprising:
a washing fluid pump for conveying washing fluid,
at least one washing nozzle for spraying washing fluid,
at least one washing fluid line leading from the washing fluid pump to the washing nozzle, and
a coupling for connecting the washing fluid line to the washing fluid pump,
wherein the coupling has a plug-type coupling part and a bushing-type coupling part for receiving the plug-type coupling part,
wherein the washing fluid line is manufactured integrally with the plug-type coupling part,
wherein the plug-type coupling part comprises an encircling collar having a tapered leading surface and a non-tapered trailing
mating surface, and the bushing-type coupling part comprises an annular element receiving the plug-type coupling part,

wherein the annular element comprises a plurality of latching hooks integral with said annular element which engages behind
the collar, each latching hook having a tapered leading surface and a non-tapered trailing mating surface,

wherein the tapered leading surface of each latching hook is configured to engage with the tapered leading surface of the
encircling collar during insertion of the plug-type coupling part in the bushing-type coupling part, and

wherein the non-tapered trailing surface of each latching hook being configured to engage with the non-tapered trailing surface
of the encircling collar such that the engagement between the respective non-tapered trailing surfaces of the latching hooks
and the encircling collar resist axial removal of the plug-type coupling part from the bushing-type coupling part;

wherein the bushing-type coupling part has a displaceable sleeve, and the displaceable sleeve is prestressed by a compression
spring element into a position supporting the latching hooks and wherein the compression spring element has windings integrally
formed with the displaceable sleeve on one side and in contact with the annular element on another side.

US Pat. No. 9,129,235

SYSTEM FOR USE IN A MOTOR VEHICLE, AND METHOD FOR EXAMINING GOODS

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A system for use in a motor vehicle comprising:
a navigation system;
a control unit configured such that a list of goods stored in the control unit is used to generate a route of stops for the
purchase of the goods, the route being displayed by the navigation system;

at least one of a near-field receiver and a near-field transponder connectable to the control unit and configured to detect
goods present in the motor vehicle, wherein a further list is generated that includes the detected goods present in the motor
vehicle,

wherein the further list is transmitted to the control unit and the stored list is updated to remove from the stored list
the detected goods.

US Pat. No. 9,454,227

HAPTIC OPERATING DEVICE

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A haptic operating device, comprising:
a touch panel having at least one touch-sensitive area configured to trigger a switching signal when the at least one touch-sensitive
area is touched;

a motion drive configured to move at a certain rhythm in a plane of the touch panel in response to the switching signal;
a fixed support;
one or more flexible connecting elements by which the touch panel is connected to the fixed support, each flexible connecting
element configured as a deflectable retaining spring arm that is deflectable in a flexible manner, one end thereof being connected
to the support and the other end thereof being connected to the touch panel, each spring arm protruding from the touch panel
at right angles from the plane of the touch panel,

wherein the spring arms are configured as a parallelogram, so as to ensure that deflections other than in a longitudinal extension
of the touch panel cannot occur.

US Pat. No. 9,312,796

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR OPERATING A BRUSHLESS MOTOR

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A method for operating a brushless electric motor with an AC converter comprising three outputs allocated to the windings
(U, V, W) of the electric motor, a respective power semiconductor switch arranged between each output of the AC converter
and windings (U, V, W) of the brushless electric motor, a plurality of supply voltage switches, a detection unit, a measuring
unit and a microcontroller, the method comprising:
detecting, by the detection unit, defective switches,
measuring, by the measuring unit, the voltage at the outputs of the AC converter,
monitoring, by current comparators, a voltage drop across the power semiconductor switches,
determining, by the microcontroller, motor position angles (?U, ?V, ?W) based on the voltage drop across the power semiconductor
switches, and

controlling, by the microcontroller, the plurality of supply voltage switches and the power semiconductor switches, such that
after detecting a defective switch, the plurality of supply voltage switches are switched off such that power is no longer
introduced into the windings (U, V, W) of the electric motor, and such that the power semiconductor switches are switched
off in succession at previously defined motor position angles (?U, ?V, ?W) respectively.

US Pat. No. 9,146,140

DISPLAY DEVICE HAVING A STEPPER MOTOR AND A WATCHDOG TIMER

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A display device comprising:
a microcontroller;
a graphics controller without an arithmetic logic unit comprising:
a stepper motor controller; and
a command sequencer having a watchdog timer, the watchdog timer configured to monitor a connection signal between the microcontroller
and the graphics controller and start a first command sequence when the connection signal is lacking,

wherein the graphics controller is configured to be controlled by the microcontroller and by command sequences of the command
sequencer;

a stepper motor; and
a pointer driven by the stepper motor,
wherein the first command sequence is configured to activate an internal cyclic signal to repeatedly start a second command
sequence, and

wherein the second command sequence is configured to move the stepper motor by one step in a direction of a stop or of a home
position via the stepper motor controller.

US Pat. No. 9,086,029

METHOD FOR OPERATING AN INJECTION SYSTEM

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A method for operating an injection system of a motor vehicle, said injection system comprising a single-controller system
with volume flow regulation via a normally-open inlet valve and having a high-pressure pump, a high-pressure accumulator,
a high-pressure sensor, injectors and a control unit, the method comprising:
operating the inlet valve according to a repeated process of a suction phase followed by a delivery phase,
detecting a fault of the inlet valve that leads to an undesired closing of the inlet valve,
in response to detecting the fault of the inlet valve:
closing said inlet valve during the suction phase of the high-pressure pump by energizing the inlet valve, and
reopening the inlet valve only during a part of the suction phase that corresponds to a delivery demand, thereby regulating
an intake of fuel into the inlet valve to control a delivery rate of the high-pressure pump.

US Pat. No. 9,080,538

INJECTOR ASSEMBLY FOR AN INJECTION VALVE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. An injector assembly for an injection valve comprising:
an injector body with a central longitudinal axis and a recess with a fluid inlet,
a nozzle needle arranged axially movably in the recess in such a way that a fluid flow through at least one injection opening
is prevented in a closed position of the nozzle needle and, otherwise, a fluid flow through the injection opening is released,
and the nozzle needle has an end side which faces away from the injection opening,

a chamber formed in the injector body and defined in part by the end side of the nozzle needle facing away from the injection
opening, and a cylindrical recess formed in the injector body,

a throttle module arranged in the chamber, a fluid feed chamber coupled hydraulically to the fluid inlet, a control space
coupled hydraulically to the fluid feed chamber via an inflow throttle for setting a pressure force which can be applied to
the nozzle needle, and a valve chamber coupled hydraulically to the control space via an outflow throttle for receiving a
valve configured for discharging fluid into a fluid return line, and

a control module arranged in the chamber and adjacent to the throttle module, wherein the fluid return line is formed in the
control module,

exactly one first sealing edge between the throttle module and the injector body, the first sealing edge suppressing a hydraulic
coupling of the fluid feed chamber to the control space,

exactly one second sealing edge between the throttle module and the control module, the second sealing edge suppressing a
hydraulic coupling of the fluid feed chamber to the valve chamber, and

a third sealing edge formed between the injector body and the control module, the third sealing edge suppressing a hydraulic
coupling of the fluid feed chamber to the fluid return line;

wherein the throttle module has an axial length, and wherein the throttle module is received along the full axial length in
the cylindrical recess formed in the injector body, the cylindrical recess having a constant diameter along the full axial
length of the throttle module.

US Pat. No. 9,067,590

METHOD FOR OPERATING A HYBRID VEHICLE AND HYBRID VEHICLE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A method for operating a hybrid vehicle including an internal combustion engine which is supercharged with a supercharger
and which has an overboost function and at least one electric drive, the method comprising:
after an overboost phase of the supercharger, entering an overboost regeneration phase of said supercharger which has a corresponding
drop in torque,

using the at least one electric drive to at least partially compensate for the drop in torque of the internal combustion engine
during the overboost regeneration phase of the supercharger, wherein during the overboost phase of the supercharger a torque
achieved during the overboost phase is increased by a static torque of the electric drive.

US Pat. No. 9,068,937

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR EXAMINING AN EXHAUST GAS SENSOR

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A method for testing an exhaust gas sensor having a first chamber, a second chamber, a first diffusion barrier separating
the first and second chambers, and a second diffusion barrier forming a gas inlet of the first chamber, the first chamber
having first main pump electrode, the second chamber having a measuring electrode and an auxiliary pump electrode, and a second
main pump electrode and a reference electrode being disposed outside of the first and second chambers, said method comprising:
sensing a first voltage as a predefined voltage between the auxiliary pump electrode and the reference electrode;
determining a set point diagnostic value as a function of the sensed first voltage multiplied by a predefined factor and adding
a predefined shift value to the resulting value, wherein the predefined shift value is determined as a function of a calibration
of the exhaust gas sensor;

sensing a measuring current between the measuring electrode and the second main pump electrode, the measuring current being
set as a pump current by adjusting a second voltage between the measuring electrode and the reference electrode to the predefined
voltage, and determining an actual diagnostic value as a function of the sensed measuring current; and

detecting a fault in the exhaust gas sensor as a function of the set point diagnostic value and the actual diagnostic value.

US Pat. No. 9,310,242

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DETERMINING THE LOAD OF A MOTOR VEHICLE, AND MOTOR VEHICLE

Continental Automotive Gm...

12. A motor vehicle, comprising:
a plurality of wheels;
an arrangement for receiving and holding a load;
at least one sensor device disposed as a wheel-side sensor device and/or as a vehicle-side sensor device and configured to
detect at least one physical measured variable that is dependent on the load of the motor vehicle from two or more classes
of physical parameters of the vehicle, and configured to generate a measured value that represents the detected physical measured
variable;

an evaluation device disposed to receive measured values and configured to evaluate the generated measured value in order
to determine the load by correlating with one another the measured values of one or more of said sensor devices or by correlating
with one another the load values determined from the measured values of the two or more classes of physical parameters in
order to produce a correction value from the correlation, and using the correction value to determine a load value representing
the load of the motor vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,500,147

MINIMIZATION OF THE COMBUSTION NOISE OF AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE BASED ON A DETECTION OF AN INSTABILITY OF THE POSITION OF THE MAXIMUM OF A CYLINDER PRESSURE GRADIENT

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. An engine controller for an an auto-ignition internal combustion engine of a motor vehicle, the engine controller comprising:
a device comprising:
a control unit configured to control an operation of the internal combustion engine,
an acquisition unit configured to acquire a pressure profile indicating a pressure in a cylinder of the internal combustion
engine over time,

an ascertainment unit configured to ascertain a pressure gradient profile with respect to time of a pressure gradient which
is the derivative with respect to time of the acquired profile with respect to time of the pressure,

a determination unit configured to determine a pressure gradient profile indicating a pressure gradient over time, the pressure
gradient profile comprising the derivative of the acquired pressure profile, and

a modification unit configured to modify at least one parameter related to combustion of fuel in the internal combustion engine,
wherein the pressure profile is acquired by the acquisition unit the pressure gradient profile is ascertained by the ascertainment
unit, and the temporal position of the maximum of the pressure gradient is determined by the determination unit until the
temporal position of the maximum of the pressure gradient begins to fluctuate within a multiplicity of successive working
cycles of the internal combustion engine.

US Pat. No. 9,150,110

METHOD FOR DISTRIBUTING ENERGY IN AN ELECTRIC VEHICLE AND ELECTRIC VEHICLE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A method for distributing energy in an electric vehicle having, as energy sources, at least one electrical energy store
and at least one conditioning module with which electrical energy can be generated from fuel, the method comprises:
before or at the start of a journey with the electric vehicle, recording information regarding the journey or regarding a
state of the electric vehicle;

during the journey:
distributing energy from at least one electrical energy store, based on the recorded information, to at least one of: at least
one drive machine of the vehicle, at least one passenger compartment air-conditioning device for air-conditioning a passenger
compartment of the vehicle, and at least one energy store air-conditioning device for air-conditioning the at least one electrical
energy store, and

distributing energy from the at least one conditioning module to at least one of: the at least one passenger compartment air-conditioning
device, the at least one energy store air-conditioning device, and the at least one electrical energy store.

US Pat. No. 10,103,701

CHANNEL SELECTOR FOR A RADIO FREQUENCY RECEIVER

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A channel (C0) selector (1) for a frequency-modulation radiofrequency receiver, comprising a bandpass filter (2), the frequency band (BPF) of which is centered on the center frequency (F0) of the channel (C0) to be selected and has a width that is variable automatically between a minimum value (MinBP) and a maximum value (MaxBP), the minimum value (MinBP) being determined dynamically in proportion to a weighted sum of the field level (C) and the modulation level (M) of the channel (C0), in accordance with a formula MinBW=k1×C+k2×M, where MinBW is the minimum value, C is the field level, k1 is the weight associated with the field level (C), M is the modulation level, and k2 is the weight associated with the modulation level (M), wherein the weight (k1) associated with the field level (C) is lower than the weight (k2) associated with the modulation level (M).

US Pat. No. 10,050,678

RADIOFREQUENCY TRANSMISSION DEVICE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A radiofrequency transmission device comprising:a transmission device configured to transmit a pulsed voltage signal at a predetermined fundamental frequency (fF), generating parasitic voltage signals at frequencies which are multiples of the predetermined fundamental frequency (fF);
a radiofrequency antenna;
a matching system configured to match the transmission frequency of the antenna to the value of the predetermined fundamental frequency (fF);
a filter configured to filter the parasitic voltage signals, the filter being electrically connected to the transmission unit and the matching system;
a voltage source, connected to the matching system and supplying voltage to the transmission device,
wherein the filter comprises:
a number “n” of coils (B1, B2, Bi . . . Bn), electrically connected in series with each other, of which (n?1) coils (B2, B3, B4, . . . Bn) each have an inductance (Li) such that, at the predetermined fundamental frequency (fF), each of the (n?1) coil have a natural resonance frequency (FRLi) equal to:
fRLi=i×fF
where
fRLi is the natural resonance frequency of the i-th coil (Bi),
i is a number varying from 2 to n,
fF is the predetermined fundamental frequency, and such that each coil of the “n” coils has an impedance equal to:
Zi=K×Li
where
K=j×?,
with:
?=2×?×fF
and such that for all of the “n” coils:
ZTOT=(Z1+Z2+ . . . +Zi+ . . . Zn)=K×LTOT=K×(L1+L2+ . . . +Li+ . . . Ln)
with:
LTOT being the total inductance of the “n” coils (H),
Li being the inductance of the i-th coil (H),
ZTOT being the total impedance of the “n” coils (?),
Zi being the impedance of the i-th coil (?),
n being an integer greater than zero,
fF being the predetermined fundamental frequency (Hz),
j being the complex part,
? being equal to 3.14, and
? being the angular speed.

US Pat. No. 9,848,499

METHOD FOR PRODUCING A CIRCUIT BOARD AND CIRCUIT BOARD

SCHWEIZER ELECTRONIC AG, ...

1. A method of producing a printed circuit board with a plurality of inlays, having the following steps:
supplying a plurality of inlays, of which at least one inlay has at least one positioning element;
building up a layer sequence from a plurality of printed-circuit-board layers, with at least one recess for accommodating
inlays, wherein, prior to the step of the plurality of inlays being inserted, the recess is defined in an uppermost layer
by a frame made of non-conductive printed-circuit-board material;

inserting the plurality of inlays into the recess defined by the frame;
covering the inlays with a non-conductive printed-circuit-board material;
laminating the layer sequence; and
removing at least the positioning elements which establish a conductive contact between neighboring inlays.