US Pat. No. 9,521,299

METHOD FOR OPERATING A CAMERA IN A COVERED STATE, CAMERA FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE AND MOTOR VEHICLE

Connaught Electronics Ltd...

1. A method for operating a camera of a motor vehicle, wherein a cover is moved between an operating position, in which the
camera provides images of an environmental region of the motor vehicle, and a covering position, in which the cover covers
the camera against the environmental region, the method comprising:
acquiring a current brightness level of a scene of the camera by means of the camera;
in the operating position of the cover:
adjusting at least one operating parameter of the camera depending on the current brightness level of the scene;
acquiring a movement operation of the cover from the operating position into the covering position by the camera; and
after acquiring the movement operation:
adjusting the at least one operating parameter to a value independent of the current brightness level of the scene acquired
by the camera whilst maintaining an activated operating state of the camera.

US Pat. No. 9,393,917

METHOD FOR OPERATING A DRIVER ASSISTANCE SYSTEM WITH AN ELECTRONIC REARVIEW MIRROR, DRIVER ASSISTANCE SYSTEM AND MOTOR VEHICLE

Connaught Electronics Ltd...

1. A method for operating a driver assistance system of a motor vehicle, comprising:
providing a first image sequence of a first, rear environmental region of the motor vehicle by a first camera system of an
electronic rearview mirror;

displaying the first image sequence on a display device of the electronic rearview mirror disposed in an interior of the motor
vehicle;

providing a second image sequence of a second environmental region of the motor vehicle, which overlaps with the first environmental
region at least in certain areas, by a second camera system of an environmental capturing device;

checking the electronic rearview mirror for presence of a malfunction by a computing device of the driver assistance system;
and

displaying the second image sequence on the display device of the electronic rearview mirror when the malfunction is present,
wherein the second image sequence is only displayed on the display device during the presence of the malfunction, and otherwise,
the first image sequence is again displayed on the display device.

US Pat. No. 9,340,156

METHOD FOR DETECTING AN OBJECT IN AN ENVIRONMENTAL REGION OF A MOTOR VEHICLE BY MEANS OF A CAMERA SYSTEM OF THE MOTOR VEHICLE, CAMERA SYSTEM AND MOTOR VEHICLE

Connaught Electronics Ltd...

1. A method for detecting an object in an environmental region of a motor vehicle by a camera system of the motor vehicle,
the method comprising:
providing a first image of the environmental region by a camera of the camera system with illumination of the environmental
region using at least one light source of the motor vehicle, such that a shadow of the object caused by the illumination is
depicted in the first image;

providing a second image of the environmental region by the camera in an inactive state of the light source, wherein in the
second image the illumination is omitted;

providing a subtraction image by subtracting one of the first and second images from another of the first and second images
by an image processing device of the camera system; and

providing an edge image from the subtraction image and detecting the object based on edges of the edge image by the image
processing device, the edge image associated with shadows in the first image caused by illumination of the at least one light
source,

wherein the light source is alternately switched with a predetermined switching frequency greater than 75 Hz between the inactive
state and an active state, in which the light source illuminates the environmental region, wherein a sequence of images of
the environmental region is provided by the camera and a frame rate of the camera is adjusted depending on the switching frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,088,737

HOUSING ASSEMBLY FOR A CAMERA, CAMERA, DRIVER ASSISTANCE SYSTEM AS WELL AS MOTOR VEHICLE

Connaught Electronics Ltd...

1. A housing assembly for a camera of a motor vehicle comprising:a camera housing for disposing the camera;
a connector housing for protecting an electrical connecting element of the motor vehicle and/or of the camera,
wherein the camera housing is connected to the connector housing such that the connector housing covers a backside of the camera housing at least one or more portions; and
a venting element for avoiding humidity in the camera housing and/or the connector housing,
wherein the camera housing has a first vent in the backside, and the venting element is disposed between the backside of the camera housing and the connector housing such that the venting element completely covers the first vent.

US Pat. No. 10,219,394

RADIATED IMMUNITY USING EMC CLIPS CONNECTED TO A BOTTOM HOUSING

Connaught Electronics Ltd...

1. An apparatus for a motor vehicle comprising:an engine control unit (ECU) of the motor vehicle; and
an electronic device that comprises:
an electronically conductive housing that comprises a bottom portion of the housing;
a printed circuit board (PCB) that comprises a top layer having circuitry, and a ground layer, wherein the PCB is located in the housing;
an electronic ground component that is electronically connected to the bottom portion of the housing;
at least one leg that extends through the PCB and fixes the PCB to the bottom portion of the housing; and
a plurality of electromagnetic compatibility connectors that directly electronically connect the circuitry on the top layer to the bottom portion of the housing,
wherein, at a noise frequency, when there is a noise current at a given location of the circuitry, a first noise impedance from the given location to the bottom portion of the housing through the plurality of electromagnetic compatibility connectors is less than a second noise impedance from the given location to other locations of the circuitry, and is less than a third noise impedance from the given location to the bottom portion of the housing through the at least one leg,
wherein the electronic ground component is connected to the ECU.

US Pat. No. 9,819,833

METHOD FOR CONVERTING AN IMAGE, DRIVER ASSISTANCE SYSTEM AND MOTOR VEHICLE

Connaught Electronics Ltd...

1. A method for converting an image by an evaluation unit of a motor vehicle, wherein the image is captured from an environmental
region of a motor vehicle by a camera of the motor vehicle, the method comprising:
providing the image with an alpha channel and at least one color channel in a predetermined color model; and
converting the image into the alpha channel and a Y channel of a YUV color model, a U channel of the YUV color model and a
V channel of the YUV color model,

wherein, in converting the image, the alpha channel, the Y channel, the U channel and the V channel are embedded in a converted
image of the image provided as a two-dimensional matrix,

wherein the alpha channel, the Y channel, the U channel, the V channel or a zero value of a pixel of the converted image is
described by each element of the matrix,

wherein in the converted image, a safety area void of information is disposed between the channels of the YUV color model
and the alpha channel.

US Pat. No. 9,659,386

METHOD FOR OPERATING A CAMERA ASSEMBLY, CAMERA ASSEMBLY AND DRIVER ASSISTANCE SYSTEM

Connaught Electronics Ltd...

1. A method for operating a camera assembly for a vehicle, in which a first camera and a second camera capture images, wherein
respective fields of view of the two cameras overlap at least in a partial region, and in which at least in an image captured
by the first camera at least one contamination region including a plurality of pixels is detected within the partial region,
the method comprising:
altering data values specifying the respective transparency of the pixels in the at least one contamination region with respect
to respective reference values of the transparency, which increase in the partial region towards an edge of the respective
image upon superimposition of the images,

wherein in the image captured by the second camera, the data values specifying the respective transparency of pixels in an
image region superimposed with the at least one contamination region are decreased with respect to the respective reference
values, and

wherein that the data value of a pixel specifying the transparency in the image captured by the first camera is increased
by an amount, by which the data value of a pixel superimposed with this pixel in the image captured by the second camera is
decreased.

US Pat. No. 9,762,810

METHOD FOR ACTIVATING AND DEACTIVATING AN IMAGE CORRECTION FUNCTION, CAMERA SYSTEM AND MOTOR VEHICLE

Connaught Electronics Ltd...

1. A method for operating a camera system of a motor vehicle, comprising:
capturing images of an environmental region of the motor vehicle by means of an image sensor of the camera system via an optic
device and an image correction function is activated by means of a control unit of the camera system, in which a light fall-off
in a boundary region of the images caused by the optic device with a wide opening angle is compensated for, wherein

a current brightness level of the environmental region is captured by means of the control unit and the activation and deactivation
of the image correction function are effected depending on the current brightness level and depending on the current brightness
level the camera system is switched from a normal light mode (NLM) to a low light mode (LLM), in which a gain factor and/or
an exposure time are increased with respect to the normal light mode (NLM) and/or a frame rate (FR) of the image sensor is
reduced, wherein the image correction function is deactivated upon switching to the low light mode (LLM) and is again activated
upon switching again to the normal light mode (NLM);

detecting a temperature of the image sensor; and
effecting the switching based on a current value of the temperature by comparing a current value of an operating parameter
of the image sensor, which is correlated with the brightness level and a gain factor, to at least one threshold, which is
adjusted depending on the current value of the temperature.

US Pat. No. 9,662,979

METHOD FOR PRESENTING SAFETY INFORMATION, DRIVER ASSISTANCE SYSTEM AND MOTOR VEHICLE

Connaught Electronics Ltd...

1. A method for presenting safety information on a display device of a motor vehicle, the motor vehicle having an environment
imaging device, the method comprising:
pictorially capturing, by the environment imaging device, an object in an environmental region of the motor vehicle; and
presenting a distortion demonstration on the display device as safety information, wherein the distortion demonstration comprises
a deviation of a distorted mapping of the object causally generated by the environment imaging device to an undistorted mapping
of the object compared thereto,

wherein the distorted mapping is displayed as an image and the undistorted mapping is displayed as a further image on the
display device, and

wherein the distortion demonstration is displayed in a demonstration mode of a driver assistance system of the motor vehicle
and a distortion demonstration including the safety information is not displayed in a normal operating mode of the driver
assistance system different from the demonstration mode, the demonstration mode being configured to present to a driver of
the motor vehicle a difference between the distorted mapping of the object and the undistorted mapping of the object.

US Pat. No. 9,994,153

CAMERA FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE AND MOTOR VEHICLE

Connaught Electronics Ltd...

1. A camera for a motor vehicle, comprising:a printed circuit board, on which a current connector, a communication bus connector and a video interface connector each for connecting to the motor vehicle are disposed,
wherein the video interface connector is connected to a capacitor and a parallel-to-serial converter,
wherein the video interface connector, the capacitor, and the parallel-to-serial converter are surrounded by a shielding device for shielding electromagnetic radiation, and
wherein the shielding device comprises a first partial device and a second partial device that are connected to each other in an electrically conducting manner.

US Pat. No. 9,973,670

ELECTRONIC APPARATUS WITH AN IMPROVED BEARING FOR A CONNECTING UNIT, CAMERA SYSTEM FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE AND MOTOR VEHICLE

Connaught Electronics Ltd...

1. An electronic apparatus for a camera system of a motor vehicle, comprising:a housing, comprising a circuit board disposed in the housing; and
an electrical connecting unit for electrically connecting the electronic apparatus to an external apparatus, wherein the connecting unit has a base body and a plurality of electrical connecting elements, which project from the base body and are electrically connected to the circuit board, and wherein the base body has a connecting area disposed outside of the housing for connecting a cable,
wherein the base body of the connecting unit is supported on the housing with a clearance at least in one translational degree of freedom,
wherein the base body has a bearing element, which is supported with a clearance in a bearing chamber formed in the housing,
wherein the housing comprises a bottom, to which the circuit board is attached, and a top connected to the bottom, and
wherein the bearing chamber has a first area formed on the bottom and a second area formed on the top.

US Pat. No. 9,942,542

METHOD FOR RECOGNIZING A BAND-LIMITING MALFUNCTION OF A CAMERA, CAMERA SYSTEM, AND MOTOR VEHICLE

Connaught Electronics Ltd...

1. A method for recognizing a band-limiting malfunction of a camera of a motor vehicle, the method comprising:capturing, during operation of the motor vehicle, an image of a measurement object external to the motor vehicle, by the camera arranged on the motor vehicle;
determining, in the image, a point spread function on the basis of a brightness distribution along a profile through a pixel with a brightness, which exceeds a brightness threshold value, of the measurement object shown in the image; and
on the basis of the determined point spread function, determining a property value of a property of the camera, and recognizing the band-limiting malfunction of the camera, in case the property value of the camera is smaller than a property threshold value.

US Pat. No. 10,163,226

ONLINE CALIBRATION OF A MOTOR VEHICLE CAMERA SYSTEM

Connaught Electronics Ltd...

1. A method for calibrating a camera system of a motor vehicle, wherein at least one camera of the camera system sequentially generates camera images respectively from an environment of the motor vehicle and a processor of the camera system respectively generates a virtual plan view of the environment from a predetermined virtual perspective, from the camera images by means of a projection, the method comprising:a) recognizing, by the processor, a straight vehicle motion of the motor vehicle along a predetermined direction of motion;
b) passing, at least once, with recognized travel along the predetermined direction of motion and by the processor, a calibration cycle for each camera, wherein for the calibration cycle, the processor performs the following steps:
transforming camera images of the camera based on current projection parameters of the projection;
determining motion vectors in the virtual plan view based on the transformed camera images;
for at least one geometric characteristic of the motion vectors selected from a group consisting of a length and a direction, setting a respective reference value depending on a direction of motion;
determining an error value from a difference between the at least one geometric characteristic of the motion vectors and the respective corresponding reference value; and
determining new projection parameters from the current projection parameters depending on the error value,
wherein in each calibration cycle, the error value is iteratively reduced by determining intermediate projection parameters depending on the error value and newly orienting only the motion vectors in the virtual plan view based on the intermediate projection parameters by newly transforming by means of the projection, until the error value satisfies a predetermined optimization criterion; and
wherein for a y component of each motion vector oriented parallel to a transverse axis of the vehicle, the y reference value zero is set, and for an x component oriented parallel to a longitudinal axis of the vehicle, an average value of all of the x components of the motion vectors is set as an x reference value, and a sum of squared differences is formed as the error value.

US Pat. No. 10,194,077

METHOD FOR OPERATING A CAMERA ASSEMBLY, CAMERA ASSEMBLY AND DRIVER ASSISTANCE SYSTEM

Connaught Electronics Ltd...

1. A method for operating a camera assembly for a vehicle, in which a first camera and a second camera capture images, wherein respective fields of view of the two cameras overlap at least in a partial region, and in which at least in an image captured by the first camera at least one contamination region including a plurality of pixels is detected within the partial region, the method comprising: altering data values specifying the respective transparency of the pixels in the at least one contamination region with respect to respective reference values of the transparency, which increase in the partial region towards an edge of the respective image upon superimposition of the images; in the image captured by the first camera, in at least one edge region of the contamination region, decreasing the data values specifying the respective transparency of pixels with respect to the respective reference values; and in the image captured by the second camera, in the at least one edge region, increasing the data values with respect to the respective reference values.

US Pat. No. 10,276,040

METHOD FOR TRACKING A TARGET VEHICLE APPROACHING A MOTOR VEHICLE BY MEANS OF A CAMERA SYSTEM OF THE MOTOR VEHICLE, CAMERA SYSTEM AND MOTOR VEHICLE

Connaught Electronics Ltd...

1. A method for tracking a target vehicle approaching a motor vehicle by a camera system of the motor vehicle, the method comprising:providing a temporal sequence of images of an environmental region of the motor vehicle by at least one camera of the camera system;
detecting the target vehicle in an image of the sequence by an image processing device of the camera system based on a feature of a front or a rear of the target vehicle;
determining a first confidence value by the image processing device, which indicates the reliability of the detection of the feature of the front or of the rear of the target vehicle in tracking the target vehicle;
tracking the target vehicle over subsequent images of the sequence based on the detected feature;
detecting at least a predetermined feature of a lateral flank of the target vehicle in one of the subsequent images of the sequence by the image processing device, wherein the detection of the predetermined feature of the lateral flank is only effected when the first confidence value falls below a preset first threshold value; and
after detection of the feature of the lateral flank: tracking the target vehicle over further images of the sequence based on the feature of the lateral flank.