US Pat. No. 9,586,237

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR CLEANING A WIRE

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A device for scrubbing a metal wire, comprising:
a means for feeding and running the wire;
at least two pairs of circular brushes, each circular brush being mounted for rotation about an axis, the axes of circular
brushes being substantially mutually parallel and perpendicular to a direction in which the wire runs;

an application means, suitable for causing a circumference of the rotating circular brushes to contact the wire under pressure
while the device is operating; and

a tension adjusting means for adjusting tension of the wire as the wire passes between the two pairs of circular brushes comprising
at least two transport rollers driven in rotation by motors associated with a means for controlling the torque and speed of
the at least two transport rollers, one transport roller being positioned upstream of the two pairs of circular brushes, and
one transport roller being positioned downstream of the two pairs of circular brushes.

US Pat. No. 9,169,004

SYSTEM FOR MOTORIZING A WHEEL CONNECTED TO A SUSPENSION

AIRBUS OPERATIONS LIMITED...

1. A motorizing system for powering a wheel associated with a suspension of an aircraft so that the aircraft can be moved
around on ground, the motorizing system comprising:
a motor unit;
a drive member that is attachable to the wheel, the wheel having a tire; and
a clutch device that enables movement of the motor unit relative to the drive member,
wherein the motor unit is a sprung mass of a suspension strut of the aircraft,
wherein the drive member is an unsprung mass of the suspension strut,
wherein the clutch device moves the motor unit to and from an engaged position, in which an output gear of the motor unit
is connected to the drive member, and a disengaged position, in which the output gear is separated from the drive member,
and

wherein a positive transmission occurs between the motor unit and the drive member.

US Pat. No. 9,272,576

STRUCTURALLY SUPPORTED, NON-PNEUMATIC WHEEL WITH CONTINUOUS LOOP REINFORCEMENT ASSEMBLY

MICHELIN RECHERCHE et TEC...

1. A non-pneumatic wheel, the wheel defining radial, circumferential, and transverse directions, the wheel comprising:
an annular band supporting a ground contacting tread portion, said annular band extending about the circumferential direction;
a continuous loop reinforcement assembly positioned within said annular band, the continuous loop reinforcement assembly comprising
one or more materials wound into a helix that includes at least three revolutions about the circumferential direction;

a mounting band positioned radially inward of said annular band; and,
a plurality of web spokes connected to, and extending radially between, said annular band and said mounting band.

US Pat. No. 9,416,250

SEMI-FINISHED PRODUCT AND TIRE COMPRISING A COMPOSITION CONTAINING A CORROSION INHIBITOR

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A semi-finished product comprising a metal reinforcing element embedded in a rubber composition,
wherein the rubber composition comprises a compound of formula (I):
and
wherein X and Y represent, independently of one another, an alkali metal cation or an alkaline earth metal cation.

US Pat. No. 9,096,557

THIADIAZOLE WHICH CAN BE USED AS A VULCANIZATION ACCELERATOR AND METHOD FOR OBTAINING SAME

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A thiadiazole of formula (I):

where
R1 represents H or a C1-C25 hydrocarbon group chosen from linear, branched or cyclic alkyl groups and aryl groups which are optionally interrupted by
one or more heteroatoms,

R2 represents:

a cyclic C3-C10 alkyl group which is optionally interrupted by one or more heteroatoms and which is optionally substituted by one or more
linear, branched or cyclic C1-C25 alkyl or C6-C12 aryl groups which are optionally interrupted by one or more heteroatoms.

US Pat. No. 9,056,531

TIRE STUD PROVIDED WITH RECESSES CONFIGURED TO IMPROVE ITS RETENTION IN THE TIRE

Michelin Recherche et Tec...

1. A stud for a tire, the tire comprising a tread made of rubber mix, the stud having an axis and two axial ends and comprising:
a first part configured to come into contact with the ground when the stud is fitted to the tire and the tire is rolling along
the ground, said first part being positioned at one of the two axial ends of the stud;

a head configured to anchor the stud into the tread of the tire, said head being positioned at the other axial end of the
stud and having no central recess along said axis; and

a body connecting said first part and said head of the stud, the mean diameter of said body being smaller than the mean diameter
of said head of the stud, these mean diameters being measured at right angles to the axis of the stud,

wherein said head comprises at least one lateral recess opening onto a surface of said head, said at least one lateral recess
being configured to be filled with rubber mix of the tread so as to provide additional anchorage for the stud in the tread,

wherein said at least one lateral recess opening onto a surface of said head is located in regions laterally spaced from the
axis of the stud, and

wherein the combined surface area of the cross sections of said at least one lateral recess in said surface of said head is
greater than or equal to 15% and less than or equal to 35% of the maximum cross section of said head at right angles to the
axis of the stud.

US Pat. No. 9,056,529

CARCASS REINFORCEMENT FOR AN AIRPLANE TIRE

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. An aeroplane tire configured to maintain nominal pressure of higher than 9 bar and nominal deflection of greater than 30%,
the aeroplane tire comprising:
a tread connected, by two sidewalls, to two beads said two beads being configured to come into contact with a rim comprising
two rim flanges, each of said two rim flanges having a circular portion;

a radial carcass reinforcement comprising a plurality of carcass reinforcement layers, including a carcass reinforcement external
layer, said carcass reinforcement external layer being the axially outermost of said plurality of carcass reinforcement layers,
each of said plurality of carcass reinforcement layers comprising reinforcing elements which, within each of said two beads,
are wrapped around a bead wire core, said bead wire core having a meridian section that is inscribed inside a circle the centre
of which is the centre of said bead wire core;

a filling element radially on the outside of said bead wire core and having a substantially triangular meridian section exhibiting
a radially external end; and

a bead external face axially on the outside of said bead wire core and configured to come into contact with the corresponding
rim flange;

wherein the distance between a point on said bead external face and said carcass reinforcement external layer, along the straight
line perpendicular at this point to said bead external face, is at a maximum at the point on said bead external face that
is the orthogonal projection of said radially external end of said filling element onto said bead external face, and

wherein the distance between the orthogonal projection of said radially external end of said filling element onto said bead
external face and said carcass reinforcement external layer is at least equal to 1.3 times the distance between the orthogonal
projection of the centre of said bead wire core onto said bead external face and said carcass reinforcement external layer.

US Pat. No. 9,308,785

MOUNTING MEMBER HAVING A CONTINUOUS CURVATURE

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A member forming a mount for a device, comprising:
a flat bottom surface for connecting with a tyre, the flat bottom surface facing the tyre and being delimited by a bottom
surface perimeter contour;

a top surface for mounting the device directly thereon, the top surface having an elongate shape, the top surface being an
uppermost surface of the member, and the top surface being delimited by a top surface perimeter contour having curved end
portions that are positioned on opposite short ends of the top surface; and

a peripheral surface forming a skirt for connecting the bottom surface perimeter contour to the top surface perimeter contour,
wherein
(i) a curvature of at least the end portions of the top surface perimeter contour has a continuous variation along an entirety
thereof, or

(ii) a curvature of any cross-sectional profile of the skirt that intersects both the top surface perimeter contour and the
bottom surface perimeter contour and is perpendicular to the bottom surface perimeter contour has a continuous variation along
an entirety of the cross-sectional profile, or

(iii) both (i) and (ii).

US Pat. No. 9,193,228

TIRE SPREADER FOR TIRE REPAIR

Michelin Recherche et Tec...

1. A method for preparing an interior surface of a tire for repair, the method comprising the steps of:
providing a tire having: a central opening extending axially through the tire along a rotational axis of the tire being bounded
radially by an inner bead diameter; an interior tire cavity extending radially outward from the inner bead diameter and being
bound by an interior surface of the tire; and an interior tire cavity opening extending between opposing an annular beads
of the tire, the cavity being positioned between the central cavity and the interior tire cavity;

securing at least a portion of the first bead of the tire;
positioning a tire spreader within the central opening of the tire, the tire spreader having a bead engaging portion for engaging
a portion of the second bead, the bead engaging portion having a surface for engaging the portion of the second bead, the
surface extending in a direction biased relative to a translation direction of the tire spreader, wherein the tire spreader
further includes a base generally extending perpendicular to the translation direction of the tire spreader, the bead engaging
portion extending outwardly from a portion of the base;

automatically translating the bead engaging portion of the tire spreader generally in an axial direction of the tire to displace
the engaged portion of the second bead a desired distance to increase the distance between the opposing beads to form a widened
interior cavity opening.

US Pat. No. 9,409,359

DEVICE FOR SUPPORTING A RAW RUBBER TIRE FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF A PNEUMATIC TIRE

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A device for supporting a raw rubber tire (4) for the manufacture of a pneumatic tire, which comprises arms each bearing a block articulated to the arm and arranged to
extend above it,
each block having an upper face arranged to support an upper bead of a tire and a lower face arranged to be actuated by a
lower bead of the tire,

wherein each block is arranged in such a way that, with the block extending as a projection from the arm in a direction radial
to a main axis of the device on an opposite side of the arm to the axis, an upward force on the lower face places the block
in a position in which it no longer extends as a projection from the arm in the radial direction on that said side of the
arm, and

the arms are mounted with the ability to move with respect to the axis in a direction radial to the axis.

US Pat. No. 9,403,409

TIRE FOR A TWO-WHEELED VEHICLE, COMPRISING A TREAD HAVING SIPES

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A tire for a motorized two wheeled vehicle comprising:
a reinforcing structure of a carcass type, made up of reinforcing elements, anchored on each side of the tire to a bead a
base of which is intended to be mounted on a rim seat, each bead being extended radially outward by a sidewall, the sidewalls
arranged radially toward the outside joining to a tread,

wherein the tread comprises at least one incision, wherein in a circumferential plane, at least part of one wall of said at
least one incision forms with the radial direction an angle of between 5 and 45°,

wherein the angle formed between at least one part of one wall of the said at least one incision and the radial direction
in a first circumferential plane is different from the angle formed between at least one part of one wall of said at least
one incision and the radial direction in at least one second circumferential plane,

wherein the tread comprises a central part and respective axially external parts defined by respective circumferential grooves,
wherein the at least one incision traverses the central part and opens into the respective circumferential grooves, and

wherein said tire has a curvature in excess of 0.15, wherein the curvature is defined by a ratio Ht/Wt, where Ht is a height
of the tread and Wt is a maximum width of the tread of the tire.

US Pat. No. 9,288,447

HOLDING DEVICE FOR VISUALLY INSPECTING A TIRE

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A device for inspecting an internal surface of a tire located between a first and a second bead of the tire, comprising:
an image acquisition means for acquiring an image of the internal surface of the tire, said image acquisition means comprising
a lighting means and one or more cameras and being able to pass into a space inside the tire and to produce the image of an
angular region of given angle of the internal surface of the tire;

centering means able to lock the first bead around its entire circumference on a reference plate, and able to set the tire
into relative rotation about its axis XX? with respect to said image acquisition means; and

means for opening and for holding the second bead comprising;
two internal holding rollers which are disposed circumferentially on a lifting plate in a contiguous manner with respect to
one another and which have a generally radial axis,

at least one external holding roller which has a generally radial axis, which is disposed substantially in the middle of an
angular sector formed by the two internal holding rollers, and which is able to come into abutment against an external part
of said second bead, wherein the internal rollers and the at least one external holding roller are mounted so as to rotate
as one about the axis XX? of said image acquisition means,

one or more lifting rollers which have a generally radial axis and move radially between a refracted position and an extended
position in which said one or more lifting rollers are able to come into contact with the axially internal side of said second
bead and to move in an axial direction so as to move said second bead away from an equator of the tire, said one or more lifting
rollers being disposed circumferentially on a complementary part of the angular sector occupied by the internal holding rollers.

US Pat. No. 9,284,418

GRAFTING FUNCTIONAL SPECIES TO RUBBER

Compagnie Generale des Et...

1. A method for producing a functionalized rubber, the method comprising:
adding a diene rubber selected from natural rubber, a synthetic polyisoprene rubber or combinations thereof and an organic
peroxide to a mixer, the organic peroxide represented by the formula R1—O—O—R2, wherein R1 is selected from hydrogen or an organic moiety of between 4 and 15 carbon atoms and R2 comprises a functional moiety selected from an amino, an amide, a hydroxyl, a sulfide, an epoxy, a tin-containing, an alkoxysilyl,
a silanol, a carbonyl, a carboxyl, a thiocarbonyl, an ammonium, a nitrile, an imine functional moiety or combinations thereof;

mixing a mix composition comprising the diene rubber and the organic peroxide until the mix composition reaches a target temperature
of between 120° C. and 190° C.;

decomposing the organic peroxide to provide a decomposition product comprising the carboxyl functional moiety;
reacting at least a portion of the decomposition product with at least a portion of the diene rubber to produce the functionalized
rubber;

dropping the mix composition from the internal mixer; and
cooling the mix composition.

US Pat. No. 9,199,511

TIRE WORK STAND

Compagnie Generale des Et...

1. A tire work stand comprising;
a frame for supporting a tire work stand on a ground surface and for attaching a set of components to the tire work stand;
a plurality of rollers attached to the frame to support a tire above the ground surface and to permit rotation of the tire
during inspection of the tire, the rollers being rotatable about an axis of rotation concentric with an axis of the rollers;

a ramp having a first ramp end capable of extending from the ground surface and a second ramp end extending to a position
proximal to the frame;

a bridge having a first bridge end extending from the second ramp end and a second bridge end extending to a position proximal
to a surface of at least one of the rollers, wherein the bridge acts to inhibit rotation of the roller during loading of the
tire and further permits rotation of the tire after the tire has been loaded on the tire work stand;

wherein the first bridge end comprises a hinge to permit rotation of the second bridge end from a position in contact with
the roller to a position away from the roller, and;

wherein the second ramp end further comprises a hinge located on the ramp to permit rotation of the ramp such that the first
ramp end moves from a position in contact with the ground surface to a position away from the ground surface.

US Pat. No. 9,394,434

RUBBER COMPOSITION CONTAINING A MODIFIED ELASTOMER, METHOD FOR PREPARING SAME, AND TIRE CONTAINING SAME

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A rubber composition based on at least one diene elastomer, a reinforcing filler, a chemical crosslinker and a modifier,
optionally already grafted onto the elastomer, selected from compounds comprising at least one group Q, and at least one group
A, which are joined to one another by at least one spacer group Sp, wherein:
Q comprises a dipole containing at least one nitrogen atom,
A comprises an associative group comprising at least one nitrogen atom, wherein A is selected from imidazolidinyl, triazolyl,
triazinyl, bis-ureyl, and ureido-pyrimidyl groups

Sp is an atom or group of atoms forming a bond between Q and A.

US Pat. No. 9,333,810

TIRE TREAD COMPRISING A WEAR INDICATOR

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A tire tread for a passenger vehicle comprising a tread comprising:
a surface designed to come into contact with a ground when the said tire is running,
at least one internal cavity of elongate overall shape with a total length LC and width WC, and
a sipe less than 2 mm wide beginning partly or totally on the cavity, extending said cavity over the whole of its length LC
while extending radially outwards in order to emerge on the tread surface, wherein the cavity comprises a bottom and two lateral
walls surrounding this bottom and extending the length LC of the cavity, wherein said bottom comprises a message disposed
at a distance from at least one lateral wall of the cavity, wherein the distance between the message and said lateral wall
being is at least equal to 5% of the width WC of the cavity, and wherein the message is observable by an observer of the tire
at a desired state of wear of the tire tread;

wherein the sipe makes an angle (?) of between 45° and 60° with a perpendicular to the tread surface and passing through a
point of intersection of the sipe with the cavity.

US Pat. No. 9,105,893

ELECTRICALLY POWERED VEHICLE HAVING A FUEL CELL COMPRISING A SODIUM CHLORATE DECOMPOSITION REACTOR FOR SUPPLYING THE CELL WITH OXYGEN

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. An electrically powered automobile, comprising:
at least one electric motor structured to act on at least one device for causing forward progression of the automobile;
a fuel cell;
a hydrogen supply system for supplying hydrogen to the fuel cell;
a hydrogen filling conduit for transferring hydrogen received from an external fueling system to the hydrogen supply system;
a pure oxygen supply system onboard the automobile, the pure oxygen supply system including a sodium chlorate (NaClO3) tank;

a NaClO3 filling conduit for transferring NaClO3 received from the external fueling system to the NaClO3 tank;

a decomposition reactor for decomposing NaClO3, the decomposition reactor being in contact in fluid fashion with the sodium chlorate tank and being connected to the fuel
cell in order to supply the fuel cell with pure oxygen produced by decomposition of the NaClO3;

a storage tank for storing sodium chloride produced by the decomposition of the NaClO3; and

a discharge conduit for transferring sodium chloride from the storage tank to the external fueling system.
US Pat. No. 9,060,566

SHOE SOLE COMPRISING A RUBBER COMPOSITION BASED ON NITRILE-BUTADIENE RUBBER, AN OIL AND A RESIN

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A shoe sole comprising a rubber composition comprising at least:
60 to 100 phr of a nitrile-butadiene rubber;
between 10 and 50 phr of a reinforcing filler;
a plasticizing system comprising:
a hydrocarbon-based resin having a Tg of greater than 20° C.;
a plasticizer that is liquid at 20° C., the Tg of which is less than ?20° C.;
a crosslinking system.

US Pat. No. 9,403,429

MOTORIZED HUB INCLUDING COUPLING AND UNCOUPLING MEANS

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A motorized hub for electric powering of an axle of a hybrid drive automotive vehicle, said motorized hub comprising:
a hub configured to receive a wheel, the hub being mounted rotationally relative to a hub carrier about a hub axis,
an electric drive motor:
an external stator connected to the hub carrier; and
an internal rotor whose axis of rotation is remote from the hub axis;
reduction means acting between the rotor of the electric drive motor and the hub, said reduction means comprise a drive pinion
configured to be connected to a shaft of the electric drive motor and a toothed ring configured to be connected to the hub;
and

coupling/uncoupling means comprises a dog clutch and sliding member mechanism, the sliding member mechanism being coaxial
with the hub, the coupling/uncoupling means arranged between the reduction means and the hub and configured to adopt a coupling
position in which rotation of the electric drive motor is coupled to the rotation of the hub and an uncoupling position in
which rotation of the electric drive motor is uncoupled from the rotation of the hub and constantly connected for rotation
with the hub, one end of said sliding member mechanism comprising frontal toothing configured to interact, in the coupling
position, with complementary toothing cut on a sidewall of the toothed ring.

US Pat. No. 9,393,841

TYRE TREAD HAVING CAVITIES AND INCISIONS

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A tire tread comprising a plurality of ribs delimited by cut-outs, each rib comprising a plurality of lateral faces cutting
a contact face of the rib, each rib having a generally parallelepipedal shape and having a length (L) and a width (W), the
width (W) being determined between a first lateral face of the rib and a second lateral face of the rib, the width (W) being
less than the length (L),
wherein at least one rib out of the plurality of ribs comprises at least one cavity delimited by a cavity wall inside the
rib, the cavity extending mainly in the length (L) of the rib,

wherein the tread comprises an incision extending mainly in the length (L) of the rib, the incision delimited by incision
walls extending between the first lateral face of the rib and the wall delimiting the cavity, the incision emerging on the
first lateral face of the rib and the incision emerging in the cavity thereby forming an opening in the first lateral face
of the rib and an opening in the wall of the cavity, the length (Lo) of the opening determined in the length (L) of the rib
corresponding at least to 80% of the length (Lc) of the cavity determined in the length (L) of the rib,

wherein the incision does not emerge on the contact face of the rib, and
wherein when the rib is subject to compression, the walls of the incision come into contact and the incision closes.
US Pat. No. 9,290,065

SIDEWALL SUPPORT FOR A RUNFLAT TIRE

Compagnie Generale des Et...

1. A run-flat tire having a sidewall support, the sidewall support manufactured from a rubber composition that is based upon
a cross-linkable elastomer composition, the cross-linkable elastomer composition comprising, per 100 parts by weight of rubber:
a polybutadiene rubber having a Mooney viscosity of between 55 and 85;
a second rubber component; and
a low-surface area, high-structure carbon black having a nitrogen surface area of between 15 m2/g and 25 m2/g and a COAN of between 65 ml/100 g and 85 ml/100 g.

US Pat. No. 9,279,044

RUBBER COMPOSITION WITH MULTIPLE REINFORCING RESINS

Compagnie Generale des Et...

1. A rubber composition that is based upon a cross-linkable elastomer composition, the cross-linkable rubber composition comprising,
per 100 parts by weight of rubber (phr):
a highly unsaturated diene elastomer;
a reinforcing filler;
a first methylene acceptor selected from 3-hydroxydiphenylamine, 4-hydroxydiphenylamine or combinations thereof;
a second methylene acceptor selected from a novolac resin, diphenylolmethane, diphenylolethane diphenylolpropane, diphenylolbutane,
a naphthol, a cresol or combinations thereof; and

a methylene donor.

US Pat. No. 9,044,908

TIRE BLANK ASSEMBLY DEVICE INCLUDING REMOVABLE MEMBERS

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A device for assembling a green blank form of the crown of a tire, comprising:
a support having a shape that exhibits symmetry of revolution about an axis;
members for shaping the green tire blank; and
for each member, means for removably fixing the member to the support, said means comprising at least one bolt for fixing
the member to the support as soon as the member is in a reception position of the member on the support,

for each member the at least one bolt having a face for collaborating with a respective face of the member or of the support
for placing the member in its reception position, the at least one bolt slidingly moving parallel to the axis with respect
to the support and the member during placement of the member in its reception position such that the at least one bolt moves
the member towards its reception position to complete the placement of the member into its reception position by urging the
member into its reception position,

for each member each respective face being arranged such that each respective face of the member or of the support cannot
move the at least one bolt, and

the members, when in their reception positions, being juxtaposed to form a reception surface for components that form the
crown of the tire.

US Pat. No. 9,333,811

1-D TIRE PATCH APPARATUS AND METHODOLOGY

Compagnie Generale Des Et...

1. A method for reducing strain in a tire mounted assembly, comprising:
providing a substrate defining a longitudinal direction, a top surface and a bottom surface, the substrate comprising a plurality
of conductor terminals arranged in a substantially linear relationship;

positioning a first support element beneath the bottom surface of the substrate so that the first support element overlaps
the plurality of conductor terminals of the substrate; and

positioning a second support element above the top surface of the substrate so that the second support element overlaps the
plurality conductor terminals of the substrate;

providing a pair of first and second posts extending from the first support element;
connecting each of the first and second posts to one of the plurality of conductor terminals arranged on the substrate; and
securing a printed circuit board to the pair of first and second posts such that the printed circuit board is supported above
the second support element.

US Pat. No. 9,190,939

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANAGING THE ELECTRIC BRAKING OF A VEHICLE

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A device for managing electric braking power, the device comprising:
a continuous bus that includes:
a first pole for connection to an electric traction machine of a vehicle, the machine being associated with an inverter that
delivers, in a braking mode over the continuous bus, an electric braking power,

a second pole for connection to a battery for storing electric energy, and
a connection point;
a dissipation branch connected to the continuous bus at the connection point, the dissipation branch including a dissipation
resistor;

an electronic charging switch positioned between the connection point and the second pole;
a current sensor positioned between the connection point and the second pole; and
a controller, which is structured to receive: a measurement of a voltage U on the continuous bus, limit information on a battery
recharge current limit, and a measurement of a current on the continuous bus provided by the current sensor,

wherein the controller calculates a power that charging of the battery can absorb based on the voltage U on the continuous
bus and the limit information,

wherein the controller calculates a power that the dissipation resistor can dissipate based on a value of the dissipation
resistor and the voltage U on the continuous bus,

wherein the controller calculates a power sent over the continuous bus based on a value of the measurement of the current
on the continuous bus provided by the current sensor and the voltage U on the continuous bus, and

wherein, when the power sent over the continuous bus is greater than a total of the power that the charging of the battery
can absorb and the power that the dissipation resistor can dissipate, the controller causes the electronic charging switch
to open.

US Pat. No. 9,096,006

SELF-LOCKING MOLD INCLUDING A FORCE-LIMITING MEANS

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A segmented mold for molding and vulcanizing a tire of given diameter (DS), comprising shells and segments collaborating to withstand internal pressure during molding and to remain in a closed position
without assistance from additional components,
wherein each segment comprises its lateral edges at which a projection extends radially inwards, which projection is equipped
with a lip extending axially towards an inside of the mold and having a frustoconical surface inclined at an angle ? with
respect to an axis (XX?) of the mold such that extensions of the line of each frustoconical surface on a meridian plane intersect
on a radially internal side of a respective segment, and

wherein each shell comprises a projection extending radially outwards and provided with a lip having a frustoconical surface
inclined by the same angle ? with respect to the axis XX? of the mold,
wherein the mold further comprises force-limiting means made up of a stop and of a housing positioned respectively in the
radial extension of each of the projections and each having a bearing surface, the bearing surfaces adapted to come into contact
with one another when the internal pressure in the mold exceeds a given threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,254,716

SPOKE EDGE GEOMETRY FOR A NON-PNEUMATIC TIRE

Compagnie Generale des Et...

1. A tire that comprises a tread and a spoke having main body geometry and an axially adjacent free edge geometry found at
an axial extremity of the spoke that has a reduced cross-sectional area as compared to the main body geometry, wherein the
cross section of the main body geometry is defined by a plane that is parallel to a radially oriented plane that defines the
cross section of the free edge geometry.

US Pat. No. 9,221,220

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR DEFLECTING AND SUPPORTING A TIRE SIDEWALL

Michelin Recherche et Tec...

1. A method for deforming a tire sidewall, the method comprising the steps of:
providing a tire having at least one sidewall connected to a corresponding bead;
constraining the bead from moving in a lateral direction of the tire;
engaging the sidewall with an inclined member; and,
moving the inclined member to move at least one of the sidewall and bead in a lateral direction of the tire away from the
other until the sidewall is laterally deformed into a laterally deformed configuration supported by the inclined member, the
sidewall being flatter in the laterally deformed configuration than in an undeformed configured.

US Pat. No. 9,174,489

TIRE FOR VEHICLE INCLUDING REINFORCEMENTS IN THE SIDEWALLS

Michelin Recherche et Tec...

1. A tire comprising:
a carcass-type reinforcement structure, including reinforcing elements;
beads, the base of which is configured to be fitted on a rim seat, each bead being extended radially outwardly by a sidewall,
the sidewalls meeting radially outwardly with a tread, the intersection of the sidewalls and of the tread defining shoulder
ends of the tire;

under the tread, a crown reinforcement structure;
in the area of each of the sidewalls, at least one layer of materials having a stretch rigidity in the longitudinal direction
greater than 5000 daN/mm, wherein a radially outer end of said layer of materials is radially inside the shoulder ends of
the tire; and

on the outer surface of each of the sidewalls, a boss extending circumferentially, the radius of curvature of which is between
8 and 20 mm,

wherein, for each of the sidewalls, a portion of the carcass-type reinforcement structure has a curvature similar to the curvature
of the boss, and

wherein, for each of the sidewalls, the sidewall radially inside the boss has a first inflection point and the sidewall radially
outside the boss has a second inflection point.

US Pat. No. 9,481,755

ANIONIC POLYMERIZATION INITIATOR, USE THEREOF FOR SYNTHESIZING A DIENE ELASTOMER HAVING AN ALKYNE FUNCTION AT THE CHAIN END, AND FUNCTIONALIZED DIENE ELASTOMER

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A process for the synthesis of a diene elastomer bearing, at one or each of its chain ends, a group comprising an alkyne
functional group, comprising the anionic polymerization of at least one conjugated diene monomer initiated by an organometallic
compound comprising an alkyne bond of formula 1:
wherein
Met, which can be borne by the ortho, meta or para position with respect to the group comprising the carbon-carbon triple
bond, denotes an alkali metal, and

R1 and R2, and also R3 and R4, which can be borne by the ortho, meta or para position, denote, independently of one another, a hydrogen atom, a C1-C15 alkyl group, a C5-C15 cycloalkyl group, a C6-C15 aryl group or a C7-C15 arylalkyl group which can be separated from the aromatic nucleus by a heteroatom, and

R5 denotes a C1-C5 alkyl group, a C5-C15 cycloalkyl group, a C6-C15 aryl group, a C7-C15 arylalkyl group or a protective group for the alkyne functional group.

US Pat. No. 9,290,045

SPOKE FOR A TIRE WITH OPTIMIZED THICKNESS FOR IMPROVED DURABILITY

Compagnie Generale des Et...

1. A tire that defines radial and transverse directions and comprises a tread and a spoke having body geometry including a
thickness that varies along the length of the spoke along the general radial direction that starts at one value, that gradually
reduces to a second value, that then gradually increases to a third value, that then reduces to a fourth value and that then
increases again to a fifth value wherein the length of said spoke follows a path and said path is offset from perfectly straight
path from a first end of said spoke a second end of said spoke.

US Pat. No. 9,239,274

EVALUATION OF THE RELIEF OF A TIRE SURFACE BY ACTIVE STEREOVISION

Michelin Recherche et Tec...

1. An acquisition device for taking a digital relief image of the surface of a tire, comprising:
two colour cameras configured to acquire stereoscopic images, each camera comprising N primary image sensors, each of the
N primary image sensors detecting light of only one primary colour, N being equal to or greater than two, the two colour cameras
being placed so as to acquire a light emitted towards a predetermined area of the surface of the tire by N illumination means
and reflected by the surface of said tire; and

N illumination means simultaneously projecting, each independently and along the same direction onto said area of the surface
of the tire, each of the N illumination means emitting a light having a wavelength that corresponds to only one of the primary
colours of the cameras, the N illumination means in combination emitting light in all of the primary colours detected by the
N primary image sensors, each of the N illumination means projecting according to a fringe system including an alternation
of illuminated and non-illuminated bands of given width, resulting in the simultaneous and independent projection of N fringe
systems.

US Pat. No. 9,230,337

ANALYSIS OF THE DIGITAL IMAGE OF THE INTERNAL SURFACE OF A TYRE AND PROCESSING OF FALSE MEASUREMENT POINTS

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A method for processing an image of a surface of a tyre, the method comprising:
digitally processing an acquired three-dimensional digital image of the surface by using a computer processor to:
for each point of the acquired image, assign a grey-level value level corresponding to an elevation of the point;
utilize a first morphological operator, which uses a rectangular key element, to perform a closure-type first transformation
of the image of the surface;

utilize a second morphological operator, which uses a rectangular key element, to perform an opening-type second transformation
of the surface; and

for each point of the image, assign a grey-level value equal to a minimum value between a grey-level value of grey level at
that point in a preceding step after the second transformation and a grey-level value at that point of the image, so as to
eliminate false measurement points,

wherein a result of the processing of the acquired image is used to determine where the tyre is in compliance with a reference.

US Pat. No. 9,205,709

TIRE WITH IMPROVED BEADS

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A tire comprising:
two beads designed to come into contact with a mounting rim, each bead comprising at least one annular reinforcing structure;
two sidewalls extending the beads radially outwards, the two sidewalls meeting in a crown comprising a crown reinforcement
surmounted by a tread;

a single carcass reinforcement, extending from the beads, through the sidewalls to the crown, the carcass reinforcement comprising
a plurality of carcass reinforcing elements, the carcass reinforcement being anchored in the two beads by a turn-up around
the annular reinforcing structure, so as to form, in each bead, a main portion and a wrapped-around portion, each wrapped-around
portion extending radially on the outside as far as an end situated at a radial distance DEC from the radially innermost point
of the annular reinforcing structure of the bead, the radial distance DEC being greater than or equal to 5% of the radial
height H of the tire and less than or equal to 85% of the radial height H of the tire;

wherein each bead comprises a bead filler made of a rubber composition and situated mostly radially on the outside of the
annular reinforcing structure and at least partially between the main portion and the wrapped-around portion of the carcass
reinforcement, the bead filler extending radially as far as a radially outer end of the bead filler, the radially outer end
of the bead filler being situated at a radial distance DEE1 from the radially innermost point of the annular reinforcing structure of the bead, the radial distance DEE1 being greater than or equal to 30% and less than or equal to 50% of the radial height H of the tire,

wherein each bead further comprises an outer strip, made of a rubber composition and situated axially on the outside of the
wrapped-around portion of the carcass reinforcement, the outer strip extending between a radially inner end of the outer strip
and a radially outer end of the outer strip, the radially inner end of the outer strip being situated at a radial distance
DE12 from the radially innermost point of the annular reinforcing structure of the bead, the radial distance DE12 being greater than or equal to 1% and less than or equal to 5% of the radial height H of the tire, the radially outer end
of the outer strip being situated at a radial distance DEE2 from the radially innermost point of the annular reinforcing structure of the bead, the radial distance DEE2 being greater than or equal to 30% and less than or equal to 50% of the radial height H of the tire,
wherein the rubber compositions which form the bead filler and the outer strip have an elastic modulus G? of less than or
equal to 15 MPa and a viscous modulus G? such that:
G? [MPa]<0.2·G? [MPa]=0.2 MPa,
the elastic and viscous modules being measured at 23° C. ,
wherein the bead filler has a thickness E(r), this thickness corresponding to the length of the intersection of the direction
perpendicular to the main portion of the carcass reinforcement with the bead filler, r denoting the distance separating the
point of intersection of the said direction perpendicular to the main portion of the carcass reinforcement with the carcass
reinforcement from the radially innermost point of the annular reinforcing structure,
wherein the assembly formed by the bead filler and the outer strip has a thickness ET(r), this thickness corresponding to
the length of the intersection of the direction perpendicular to the main portion of the carcass reinforcement with the said
assembly, r denoting the distance separating the point of intersection of the said direction perpendicular to the main portion
of the carcass reinforcement with the carcass reinforcement from the radially innermost point of the annular reinforcing structure,
wherein the thickness ET(r) changes such that, in the range of distances r comprised between 25and 45% of the height H of
the tire, the variation in thickness
is greater than or equal to 0.25 mm/mm over at least 4% of the height H of the tire,wherein, for all the points of intersection of the said direction perpendicular to the main portion of the carcass reinforcement
with the carcass reinforcement of which the distance r from the radially innermost point of the annular reinforcing structure
is greater than or equal to 10% and less than or equal to 35% of the radial height H of the tire, the ratio E(r)/ET(r) is
greater than or equal to 0.3and less than or equal to 0.5;
wherein, in any radial section, the bead filler has a cross section of area S1 and the outer strip has a cross section of area S2 , the ratio S1 /(S1+S2) being greater than or equal to 0.4 and less than or equal to 0.6, and

wherein said at least one annular reinforcing structure has a maximum axial width DE such that the ratio
where ET(r)max is the maximum value of the thickness ET(r), is less than or equal to 10%.

US Pat. No. 9,190,889

METHOD FOR THE AUTOMATIC ADJUSTMENT OF A RESOLVER OF AN ELECTRIC MACHINE

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A method for adjusting a resolver of an electric machine,
the electric machine including a main stator and a main rotor, the main rotor being arranged on a shaft mounted rotatably
with respect to the main stator,

the resolver of the electric machine including a resolver stator and a resolver rotor,
the resolver stator being mounted on a support securely interlocked with the main stator,
the resolver rotor being mounted on a support securely interlocked with the shaft,
the resolver stator being mounted facing the resolver rotor and close to an axial end of the electric machine, and
the resolver rotor being an adjustable element of the resolver and being mounted by friction on a support thereof so that
a relative angular position of the resolver rotor with respect to the support is modifiable for initial adjustment by exerting
a torque between the resolver rotor and the support,

the method comprising steps of:
locking a relative position of the resolver rotor with respect to the resolver stator; and
energizing the main stator so that the electric machine develops a correction torque for causing rotation of the resolver
rotor with respect to the shaft of the electric machine by a predetermined correction angle.

US Pat. No. 9,102,101

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR MAKING A CONTINUOUS STRIP OF A HIGHLY ADHESIVE PRODUCT PACKAGED IN A THERMOPLASTIC FILM

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A process for manufacturing a continuous strip of self-sealing product having very low hardness, being very elastic and
highly tacky, said strip being intended for feeding a converting machine, during which a thermoplastic protective film is
deposited on the surface of the strip, and comprising the steps during which:
a strip of self-sealing product P is extruded to a first cross section through an extrusion die,
at the outlet of the extrusion die, the strip is surrounded over its entire perimeter using a thermoplastic film by welding
the film to itself, and

wherein, after having deposited the film around the strip, the strip is calendered in order to bring it down to a second cross
section, smaller in area than the first cross section.

US Pat. No. 9,243,133

ELASTOMER COMPOSITION FOR A TIRE OBJECT HAVING A SELF-SEALING PROPERTY

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. An elastomer composition having a self-sealing property which can be used as puncture-resistant layer in an inflatable
article comprising (phr meaning parts by weight per 100 parts of solid elastomer):
a blend of at least two solid elastomers, a polybutadiene or butadiene copolymer elastomer, referred to as “elastomer A”,
and a natural rubber or synthetic polyisoprene elastomer, referred to as “elastomer B”, the elastomer A:elastomer B ratio
by weight being within a range from 10:90 to 90:10;

between 30 and 90 phr of a hydrocarbon resin; and
less than 5 phr of filler.

US Pat. No. 9,149,995

MOLDING ELEMENT COMPRISING CUTTING MEANS FOR MOLDING AND VULCANIZING A TIRE TREAD

Compagnie Generale Des Et...

1. A molding element of a mold for molding and vulcanizing a tire tread, the tread comprising a tread surface adapted to come
into contact with the ground when the tire is running, the molding element comprising:
a molding surface adapted to mold part of the tire tread surface, and
a blade of length L and of height Hc adapted to mold a sipe or a groove in the tread, comprising a rounded end extending along
the length of the blade in a direction of extension X, two cutting means positioned on either side of the blade at a certain
distance from the blade, wherein each cutting means comprises, at one end, an alternation of peaks and troughs extending in
the direction of extension X, wherein the distance of these peaks in relation to the molding surface is greater than or equal
to the height Hc of the blade.

US Pat. No. 9,469,077

MOLDING ELEMENT COMPRISING CUTTING MEANS FOR MOLDING AND VULCANIZING A TIRE TREAD

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A molding element of a mold for molding and vulcanizing a tire tread, this tread comprising
a tread surface intended to come into contact with the ground when the said tire is rolling, this molding element comprising
a molding surface adapted to mold part of the tire tread surface and
a blade of a length L and of a height H that is adapted to mold a sipe or a groove in the tread, this blade extending along
the length L of the blade in a first direction of extension Y,

the molding element having two cutting means positioned on either side of the blade at a distance from this blade,
wherein the molding element comprises a third cutting means of a height Hc extending in a second direction of extension X,
this second direction of extension X making an angle ? with the first direction Y which is between 45° and 135° and the height
Hc of the third cutting means is greater than the height H of the blade.

US Pat. No. 9,321,706

RECOVERY OF MONOMERS

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A process for the recovery of one or more monomers from a gas stream, comprising the following stages:
within a first extraction column C1,

a) a stage of extracting by bringing the gas stream into contact, in an extraction column (C1), with an organic extraction solvent, wherein said extraction solvent absorbs said monomer or monomers, and

b) a stage of stripping or desorbing with an inert gas in the extraction column (C1), by feeding, at the bottom of the column (C1) and below the feeding of a gas stream laden with monomers, a stream of the inert gas,

recovering a liquid stream comprising the extraction solvent and the monomer or monomers at the bottom of the column (C1) and recovering an exiting gas stream at the top of the column (C1), then

within a second recovery column C2,

c) a stage of recovering of said monomer or monomers, wherein said monomer or monomers are separated from the extraction solvent
by distillation in a recovery column (C2) fed with the liquid stream recovered at the bottom of the column (C1), recovering a stream comprising concentrated monomer(s) at the top of the column (C2) and recovering a liquid stream comprising the extraction solvent at the bottom of the column (C2) and then recycling said liquid stream to the top of the column (C1),

wherein the monomer or monomers are selected from the group consisting of dienes, vinylaromatic compounds and isobutene.

US Pat. No. 9,150,984

METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION OF A MULTI-LAYER METAL CORD THAT IS RUBBERIZED IN SITU USING AN UNSATURATED THERMOPLASTIC ELASTOMER

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A method of manufacturing a multi-layer metal cord having a plurality of concentric layers of wires, comprising one or
more inner layer(s) and an outer layer, rubberized in situ, with rubber or a rubber composition, the method comprising the
following steps:
at least one step of sheathing at least one inner layer with the rubber or the rubber composition by passing through at least
one extrusion head; and

an assembling step in which the wires of the outer layer are assembled around the inner layer adjacent to it, in order to
form the multi-layer cord thus rubberized from the inside,

wherein the rubber is an unsaturated thermoplastic elastomer extruded in the molten state.

US Pat. No. 9,126,907

SULPHUR-CONTAINING AND SULPHONATED AROMATIC PERFLUOROALKANE MONOMER

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A sulphur-containing and sulphonated aromatic perfluoroalkane monomer corresponding to a formula (I):
E1-Ar1—X1—(CF2)n—X2—Ar2-E2  (I)
in which:
n is in a range from 1 to 20;
X1 and X2, which are identical or different, represent S, SO, or SO2;

Ar1, Ar2, which are identical or different, represent a phenylene group, at least one of Ar1 and Ar2 bearing a sulphonic (—SO3H) group or a sulphonate (—SO3M) group, in which M represents an alkali metal cation; and

E1and E2, which are identical or different, represent an electrophilic functional group.

US Pat. No. 9,108,464

RUBBER COMPOSITION FOR A TIRE CONTAINING EPOXIDE NATURAL RUBBER AND A PLASTICIZING RESIN

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A rubber composition based on at least an epoxidized natural rubber (abbreviated to “ENR”), a reinforcing filler and, as
plasticizing agent, an alpha-methylstyrene polymer resin having a number-average molecular weight between 400 and 2000 g/mol,
a polydispersity index of less than 3, and a Tg of greater than 20° C., which is miscible in the rubber composition at the content of resin and ENR present therein, and which
is selected from the group consisting of homopolymers of the alpha-methylstyrene monomer and copolymers containing units derived
from the alpha-methylstyrene monomer in an amount greater than 50 mol %.

US Pat. No. 9,045,006

DEVICE INSIDE A TIRE FOR REDUCING ROLLING NOISE

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A tire intended for use without an air chamber, this tire comprising:
a crown provided with a tread intended to come into contact with the road surface during running,
sidewalls extending the crown on each side, these sidewalls being connected to beads intended to be in contact with a mounting
rim on which the tire is mounted,

an internal wall delimiting, with the mounting rim, an internal cavity to allow the tire to be inflated,
a plurality of protrusions of elongate shape forming a dense coating over at least part of the internal wall delimiting the
internal cavity, comprising:

a plurality of supporting fibers, each having two ends, one of which is attached to the internal of the tire, and
a plurality of branching fibers, attached to the supporting fibers.

US Pat. No. 9,415,639

TYRE COMPRISING A SELF-SEALING LAYER HAVING A RADIAL CREEP GRADIENT

Compagnie Generale Des Et...

1. A pneumatic tyre comprising:
an internal sealing layer structured to partially delimit an internal volume of the pneumatic tyre; and
a self-sealing layer formed of at least one self-sealing product, the self-sealing layer being positioned radially on an inside
region with respect to the internal sealing layer, and the self-sealing layer having a creep resistance indicator that decreases
radially towards outside of the pneumatic tyre,

wherein the self-sealing layer includes first and second layers respectively formed of first and second self-sealing products,
each of which contains a diene elastomer, a hydrocarbon resin, a liquid plasticizer, and optionally a filler,

wherein the first layer is positioned radially on an inside region with respect to the second layer,
wherein the first self-sealing product has a creep resistance indicator greater than a creep resistance indicator of the second
self-sealing product, and

wherein the first layer extends axially on an outside region beyond the second layer.

US Pat. No. 9,352,438

BALANCED ABRADING TOOL AND METHODS FOR ABRADING

Compagnie Generale des Et...

1. An abrading device forming a hand tool comprising:
a body;
a handle configured for at least a partial manual operation by a user to manually maneuver the abrading device to abrade an
inner surface of a tire;

a pair of abrading members, each abrading member of the pair of abrading members is operably attached to the body and is configured
to be driven to counter-rotate in relation to the other abrading member of the pair of abrading members, each of the abrading
members having a rotational axis generally extending laterally in a lateral direction of the body such that the rotational
axis of each of the pair of abrading members at least intersect, the abrading members being spaced apart in a lateral direction
of the device by a desired distance, each of the abrading members having an annular abrading surface;

a means for adjusting the axial location of each abrading member; and,
each of the abrading members being adapted to be driven by a single driving source, the single driving source being arranged
in operable communication with each of the abrading members to transfer driving forces to each of the abrading members.

US Pat. No. 9,108,467

CROWN REINFORCEMENT FOR AIRCRAFT TIRE

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. An airplane tire comprising:
a crown adapted to come into contact with the ground via a tread and connected by two sidewalls to two beads intended to come
into contact with a rim;

a radial carcass reinforcement connecting the two beads;
a crown reinforcement, radially on the inside of the tread and radially on the outside of the radial carcass reinforcement,
comprising a working reinforcement and a protective reinforcement;

the working reinforcement, radially on the inside of the protective reinforcement, comprising at least one layer of working
reinforcement;

each layer of working reinforcement comprising axially juxtaposed substantially circumferential strips;
each strip being made up of mutually parallel textile reinforcing elements coated with a polymer coating material;
each strip of at least one layer of working reinforcement is in contact, over at least its radially inner axial face, with
a heat transfer element comprising at least one heat-conducting material, wherein the thermal conductivity of a heat-conducting
material of a heat transfer element is at least equal to 50 times the thermal conductivity of the polymer coating material
of the textile reinforcing elements of the strip in contact with the heat transfer element, and wherein the product of the
thickness of a heat transfer element by the tension modulus of a heat transfer element is at most equal to 0.3 times the product
of the thickness of the strip by the tension modulus of the strip.

US Pat. No. 9,416,259

TIRE WITH IMPROVED GRIP ON WET GROUND

Compagnie Generale Des Et...

1. A tire comprising at least a rubber composition based on at least:
a blend of natural rubber, NR, or synthetic polyisoprene, and
a styrene-butadiene copolymer, SBR, the SBR having a content greater than or equal to 20 parts per hundred parts of elastomer,
phr,

a reinforcing filler comprising carbon black, and
a plasticizing resin having a glass transition temperature, Tg, greater than or equal to 20° C., wherein the SBR has a Tg
greater than or equal to ?65° C.

US Pat. No. 9,393,837

SELF-SEALING ELASTOMER COMPOSITION FOR A PNEUMATIC OBJECT

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. An inflatable article comprising a puncture-resistant layer, wherein the puncture-resistant layer is formed of a composition
that includes:
a blend of at least two solid elastomers,
an “elastomer A” including a polybutadiene or butadiene copolymer elastomer, and
an “elastomer B” including a natural rubber or synthetic polyisoprene elastomer,
wherein the elastomer A:elastomer B weight ratio is within a range of from 10:90 to 90:10;
between 30 and 90 phr of a hydrocarbon resin, with phr meaning parts by weight per 100 parts of solid elastomer; and
from 30 to 120 phr of filler, which includes less than 30 phr of a reinforcing filler.

US Pat. No. 9,308,780

TIRE TREAD HAVING INCISIONS

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A tread made of a rubber compound for a tire, this tread having a thickness E and comprising a plurality of raised elements
delimited by cuts, each raised element comprising:
a contact face intended to come into contact with the road surface, and
lateral faces intersecting this contact face along edge corners,wherein a collection of contact faces of the raised elements forms a tread surface of the tread,wherein at least one of these raised elements comprises at least one sipe of a maximum depth (H) at most equal to the thickness
(E) of the tread, this at least one sipe running in a main direction determined by the ends of the line of the at least one
sipe on the tread surface in the as-new condition and a secondary direction running into the thickness of the tread,wherein this at least one sipe is made up of a first part and a second part,
wherein the sipe first part runs in the secondary direction between the contact face in the as-new condition and a depth (H1) at least equal to 40% of the maximum depth (H), and

wherein the sipe second part extends the sipe first part into the thickness of the tread,
wherein this sipe second part extends over a depth (H2),

wherein the sipe first part, of total length (L) measured on the tread surface when the tread is in the as-new condition in
the main direction, divides the raised element over the depth (H1) into two raised-element parts which are disjointed from one another, wherein:

the sipe second part comprises, in the main direction of the sipe, at least one first portion and at least one second portion,
these two portions each having a length less than the length (L),

each first portion being formed of a sipe comprising at least two branches disjointed from one another, wherein these at least
two branches are spaced from one another by a maximum distance (D1), and wherein the at least two branches of a first portion are not offset from each other relative to the main direction
of the sipe, and

each second portion, situated in the extension of a first portion in the main direction of the sipe and disjointed from any
first portion, being formed in such a way as to create a mechanical connection between the extensions into the depth over
the height (H2) of the raised-element parts that are disjointed from one another between the contact face and the depth (H1).

US Pat. No. 9,269,972

METHOD FOR DETECTING THE SEALED STATE OF A FUEL CELL

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

11. A procedure for detecting the state of a fuel cell stack, the fuel cell stack being formed by stacking electrochemical
cells each having an anode and a cathode on respective sides of a polymeric ion-exchange membrane, the fuel cell stack having
a fuel gas supply circuit on the anode side of the electrochemical cells and an oxidant gas supply circuit on the cathode
side of the electrochemical cells, wherein the procedure comprises, upon each shut-down of the fuel cell stack, measuring
an average of a pressure in the anode circuit and a pressure in the cathode circuit over time and, if said average drops below
a threshold, activating a warning signal indicating that the fuel cell stack requires inspection.

US Pat. No. 9,487,629

METHOD FOR PREPARING A STATISTICAL COPOLYMER BASED ON DIENE MONOMERS AND CYCLIC CARBOSILANE MONOMERS

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A process for the preparation of a random copolymer based on diene monomers and on cyclic carbosilane monomers, comprising
a stage of copolymerization, in the presence of an anionic initiator in a polymerization solvent comprising an inert polar
solvent, of at least one diene monomer and of at least one cyclic carbosilane monomer corresponding to the Formula I:

with:
R1 and R2, which are identical or different, each being a C1-C5 alkyl, C6-C14 aryl or C7-C11 alkylaromatic group;
R3 and R4, which are identical or different, each being a hydrogen atom or a C1-C5 alkyl, C6-C14 aryl or C7-C11 alkylaromatic
group; and

x being an integer with a value ranging from 2 to 5.

US Pat. No. 9,315,073

TIRE FOR HEAVY VEHICLES, COMPRISING A LAYER OF CIRCUMFERENTIAL REINFORCING ELEMENTS CONSISTING OF A CENTRAL PART AND TWO AXIALLY EXTERNAL PARTS

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A tire with radial carcass reinforcement, the tire comprising radially outward of the carcass reinforcement a crown reinforcement
formed of at least two working crown layers of inextensible reinforcing elements, crossed from one layer to the other and
making angles of between 10° and 45° with the circumferential direction, and itself radially capped by a tread, said tread
being connected to two beads by two sidewalls, the crown reinforcement comprising a layer of circumferential metal reinforcing
elements;
wherein the layer of circumferential reinforcing elements includes a central part and two axially outermost parts;
wherein the reinforcing elements of the central part of the layer of circumferential metal reinforcing elements are reinforcing
elements that are cut into sections;

wherein the length of the sections is less than 550 mm;
wherein the distance between the ends of two consecutive sections is greater than 25 mm;
wherein the length of the sections is between 1.1 and 13 times the distance between the ends of two consecutive sections;
wherein the reinforcing elements of the two axially outermost parts are continuous;
wherein the layer of circumferential metal reinforcing elements comprises a region of transition between the central part
and each axially outermost part;

wherein said transition regions each comprise at least one metal reinforcing element; and
wherein the width, measured in the axial direction, of each of said transition regions is at least equal to 1.5 mm, each transition
region having a circumferential rigidity intermediate between that of the central part and that of the adjacent axially outermost
part.

US Pat. No. 9,302,439

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR JOINING TREADS

Compagnie Generale Des Et...

1. A tread joining device comprising:
a first tread end retention member configured for retaining a first tread portion and a second tread end retention member
configured for retaining a second tread portion, each retention member comprising a body containing a tread retention chamber,
the chamber configured for retaining the corresponding tread portion and extending in a lengthwise direction from an aperture
arranged along a joint side of the body, the aperture being defined by a perimeter surface extending substantially about a
perimeter of the aperture;

the first and second tread end retention members being configured to operate between open and closed arrangements,
where in the closed arrangement the joint sides of the first and second tread end retention members are in a generally abutting
arrangement to form a die about the apertures for use in forming a joint between opposing terminal tread ends retained within
the retention members, the die extending approximately about a perimeter of each aperture and being formed by opposing perimeter
surfaces of closely arranged and oppositely aligned apertures of the first and second tread end retention members,

where in the open arrangement the die is in a separated, open arrangement,
wherein one or more guide pins are arranged along the joint side of the first and second tread end retention members and one
or more corresponding holes are arranged along the other of the first and second tread end retention members, whereby each
of the one or more holes is arranged to receive one of the one or more guide pins when the first and second tread end retention
members are in the closed arrangement.

US Pat. No. 9,284,420

METHOD FOR PREPARING A MASTERBATCH OF DIENE ELASTOMER AND SILICA

Compagnie Generale des Et...

1. A method for preparing a masterbatch of diene elastomer and silica comprising:
preparing at least one dispersion of silica in water,
bringing into contact and mixing an elastomer latex and the aqueous silica dispersion in the presence of an at least divalent
zinc salt, thereby obtaining a coagulum,

recovering the coagulum,
drying the recovered coagulum, thereby obtaining a masterbatch;wherein the molar content of zinc cations, defined as the number of moles of zinc cations of the zinc salt per unit of silica
surface area, is between 1.19×10?6 and 5.62×10?6 mol/m2.

US Pat. No. 9,213,002

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR EVALUATING TIRE SELF-CLEANING CAPABILITY

MICHELIN RECHERCHE et TEC...

1. A device for evaluating the removal of materials from a tire tread, the device comprising:
a mount configured for carrying a tread portion;
a motor connected with said mount and adapted to rotate said mount about an axis of rotation so as to create centrifugal forces
on the tread portion and materials in the tread portion;

a plurality of arms connected with said motor and extending radially outward from the motor, said mount attached to an end
of one of said plurality of arms, and wherein said arms and mount are configured to rotate in synchronization with each other
about the axis of rotation; and

a camera positioned to rotate in synchronization with said mount and configured to record images of the tread portion as said
mount and tread portion are rotated.

US Pat. No. 9,190,653

BATTERY UNIT FOR AN ELECTRIC OR HYBRID VEHICLE

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. An accumulator assembly comprising:
a plurality of electrical energy accumulator elements superimposed along a stacking axis, each element comprising connecting
electrodes;

spacers positioned axially between at least some of said connecting electrodes;
assembly bars extending axially through apertures in the connecting electrodes and in the spacers, each assembly bar comprising
a threaded rod and a tightening head;

end plates configured to interact with the assembly bars to clamp the connecting electrodes and the spacers axially; and
plural resilient prestressing means each of which interact with at least one of the end plates to exert axial prestressing
forces on the stacked connecting electrodes and spacers, each of the resilient prestressing means being axially offset outwards
relative to a corresponding end plate,

each resilient prestressing means being arranged around the threaded rod of one of the assembly bars extending through the
apertures in the connecting electrodes and in the spacers, and

each resilient prestressing means being arranged axially between the tightening head of said assembly bar and the corresponding
end plate and being mounted in axial contact with said end plate and said tightening head.

US Pat. No. 9,145,638

TIRE COMPRISING BANDED CARCASS REINFORCEMENT CABLES

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A tire comprising:
a radial carcass reinforcement, comprising at least one layer of reinforcing elements having non-wrapped metal reinforcement
elements and separate wrapped reinforcement elements;

a tread; and
a crown reinforcement, which is itself covered radially with the tread, said tread being joined to two beads via two sidewalls,
wherein the at least one layer of reinforcing elements are metal cords having a permeability test a flow rate of less than
20 cm3/min, and

wherein at least 10% of said metal cords are wrapped with a strand including textile multifilament yarns.

US Pat. No. 9,340,626

TIRE AND RUBBER COMPOSITION CONTAINING A GRAFTED POLYMER

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A tire comprising at least one rubber composition based on at least one diene elastomer, one reinforcing filler, one chemical
crosslinking agent and one modifying agent, which may be pregrafted to the diene elastomer, selected from the the group of
compounds of formula (I):

wherein
R denotes a unit comprising at least one reactive group,
R1 denotes hydrogen,

R2 denotes an alkylene radical comprising from 2 to 8 carbon atoms and which may be substituted or interrupted one or more heteroatoms
selected from the group consisting of S, N, O, and Si,

A denotes an oxygen or sulphur atom or an ?NH group.

US Pat. No. 9,221,224

INTEGRATED PROCESS TO GENERATE NEAR-ZERO THICKNESS SIPES IN A TIRE

Compagnie Generale Des Et...

1. A method of forming a sipe within a tire tread, the method comprising the steps of:
providing an uncured tire tread having a width and a thickness bounded by an outer side and a bottom side;
providing a strip of non-curable material, the strip having a width and a length;
inserting the strip of non-curable material into the tread thickness and to a predetermined depth within the tread thickness
and folding the strip of non-curable material to form a void-forming insert within the tread thickness; and,

curing the tread with the non-curable strip arranged within the tread thickness.
US Pat. No. 9,175,124

ELASTOMER MIXTURE MAINLY COMPRISING A DIENE ELASTOMER COUPLED BY AN AMINOALKOXYSILANE GROUP, RUBBER COMPOSITION INCLUDING THE SAME AND METHODS FOR OBTAINING SAME

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. An elastomer mixture resulting from the modification of a diene elastomer by a coupling agent that introduces, into the
elastomer chain, an alkoxysilane group bearing a tertiary or secondary amine functional group, wherein the elastomer mixture
predominantly comprises the diene elastomer having the alkoxysilane group bearing a tertiary or secondary amine functional
group within its polymer chain, the silicon atom of this aminoalkoxysilane group bonding two chains of the diene elastomer.
US Pat. No. 9,487,614

PROCESS FOR RADICAL GRAFTING OF A DIENE ELASTOMER

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A process for the radical grafting of a graft to a diene elastomer, comprising the following stages:
a) dissolving, with stirring, at least one diene elastomer and at least one thiol derivative as graft in a solvent comprising
a mixture of at least at least one polar solvent and at least one nonpolar solvent,

b) heating the homogeneous reaction mixture obtained in the preceding stage to the temperature of the grafting reaction, and
c) once the temperature of the grafting reaction has been reached, adding the radical initiator in order to bring about the
grafting of the graft to the units of the elastomer comprising unsaturations, and wherein the solvent of the mixture in stage
c) comprises at least 4% by volume and at most 60% by volume of the at least one polar solvent with respect to the volume
of the at least one nonpolar solvent.

US Pat. No. 9,302,546

TIRE WITH IMPROVED TREAD

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A tire designed to be mounted on a mounting rim of a wheel of a vehicle and having a predetermined direction of mounting
on the vehicle, comprising:
a tread having a mean radial height HB, comprising a rolling surface designed to come into contact with a ground when the
tire is rolling on the ground, the tread having an outer edge and an inner edge, the outer edge being situated on that side
of the tire which, when the tire is mounted on the vehicle in said predetermined direction of mounting, faces toward the outside
of the vehicle, the inner edge being situated on that side of the tire which, when the tire is mounted on the vehicle in said
predetermined direction of mounting, faces toward the vehicle, the axial distance between the outer edge and the inner edge
defining the axial width L of the tread,

the tread comprising a first portion made of at least one first rubber compound, the first portion extending, in any radial
section, from the outer edge to a first axial position, the axial distance of the first axial position from the outer edge
being greater or equal to 20% and smaller or equal than 40% of the axial width L of the tread,

the tread comprising a second portion made of at least one second rubber compound, the second portion extending, in any radial
section, from said first axial position to a second axial position, the axial distance of the second axial position from the
outer edge being greater or equal to 50% and smaller or equal than 60% of the axial width L of the tread,

the tread comprising a third portion made of at least one third rubber compound, the third portion extending, in any radial
section, from said second axial position to a third axial position, the axial distance of the third axial position from the
outer edge being greater or equal to 80% and smaller or equal than 90% of the axial width L of the tread,

the tread comprising a fourth portion made of at least one fourth rubber compound, the fourth portion extending, in any radial
section, from said third axial position to the inner edge of the tread,

wherein said first, second, third and fourth portions extend over the entire circumference of the tire and have an intersection
with the rolling surface when the tire is new or, at the latest, after at most 10% of the height HB has been worn away,

wherein said at least one first rubber compound and said at least one third rubber compound contain at least one elastomer
and at least one reinforcing filler containing a carbon black, the carbon black representing a percentage PN1 greater than or equal to 50% and less than or equal to 100% of the weight of all of the reinforcing filler, and wherein said
at least one second rubber compound and said at least one fourth rubber compound contain at least one elastomer and at least
one reinforcing filler, including a carbon black, the carbon black representing a percentage PN2 less than or equal to 50% of the weight of all of the reinforcing filler, and

wherein said at least one first rubber compound and said at least one third rubber compound have a value for tan ? at 0° C.,
at a stress of 0.7 MPa, that is lower than that of said at least one second rubber compound and said at least one fourth rubber
compound.

US Pat. No. 9,278,494

APPARATUS FOR CASTING A NON-PNEUMATIC TIRE HAVING A FLOATING MOLD ALIGNMENT MECHANISM

Compagnie Generale des Et...

1. An apparatus for molding a portion of a tire having a radial direction that includes a molding press and a mold, said apparatus
further comprising:
first and second platens, said platens being operatively associated with said press for changing their position relative to
each other for opening and closing said mold that is attached to said platens;

a first portion of the mold that is attached to the first platen of the molding press and a second portion of the mold that
is attached to the second platen of the molding press; and

a floating mold alignment mechanism that is operatively associated with the first portion of the mold, the first platen and
the molding press, said mechanism includes at least one sliding member that allows the first portion of the mold to freely
translate in said radial direction a predetermined amount.

US Pat. No. 9,346,230

MOLDING ELEMENT FOR A TIRE MOLD COMPRISING A POROUS AREA

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

5. A method for the layer-by-layer manufacture of a molding element for a tire mold, the molding element comprising a first
surface adapted to mold all or part of a tread surface of the tire and a second surface opposite to the first surface and
adapted to be in contact with another part of the mold, the thickness of the molding element being between 1 and 6 millimeters,
the molding element overall having a density greater than or equal to 98%, the method of manufacture comprising a plurality
of steps of applying layers of metallic particles and of agglomerating all or some of the particles of these layers by fusion,
wherein for each of the layers of the molding element, a porous part is created during the step of agglomerating the particles,
the porous parts of the various layers of the molding element being superposed with one another to form a continuous porous
area extending into the thickness of the molding element.

US Pat. No. 9,266,293

DEPTH MARKING TOOL FOR TIRE REPAIR

Michelin Recherche et Tec...

1. A method of preparing a tire surface for receiving a tire patch, the method comprising the steps of:
selecting a single depth marking template from a plurality of depth marking templates for use in forming a plurality of depth
marking apertures within a tire surface and within a tire patch receiving area of a tire, each of the plurality of depth marking
apertures having a desired depth corresponding to a desired depth of the tire patch receiving area, the single depth marking
template having a plurality of openings each extending through a thickness of the single depth marking template;

selecting a material removal member for attachment to a power tool, the removal member being capable of forming the plurality
of depth marking apertures into the tire surface using the single depth marking template;

engaging the single depth marking template against the tire surface;
forming the plurality of depth marking apertures which extend into the tire their desired depths to assist in formation of
the tire patch receiving area within the tire by inserting the material removal member into each of the plurality of openings
in the single depth marking template and removing tire material from the tire to the desired depth for each aperture, the
material removal member being rotatably attached to the power tool;

removing the single depth marking template from the tire surface; and
removing remaining tire material which is integral with the tire between the apertures and within the tire patch receiving
area using a material removal apparatus to an approximate depth of the plurality of depth marking apertures after the step
of removing the single depth marking template, wherein each opening has the form of a slot and the single depth marking template
includes a first connector arranged at a first end of each of the slots and a second connector arranged at a second end of
each of the slots, the first end and the second end at opposing ends of each of the slots;

the first and second connectors extending partially through the thickness of the single depth marking template and extending
across the first end of each of the plurality of openings and the second end of each of the plurality of openings, respectively,
with a void separating each of the first connector and the second connector from a material removal member engaging side of
the single depth marking template; and

wherein the step of forming the plurality of depth marking apertures includes engaging the selected material removal member
along the material removal member engaging side of the single depth marking template and passing the selected material removal
member through the void of the first connector, across the first connector, and into the plurality of openings of the single
depth marking template.

US Pat. No. 9,205,574

SELF-LOCKING MOLD FOR MOLDING AND VULCANIZING TIRES USING LEVERAGE

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A segmented mold for molding and vulcanizing a tire of given diameter (DS), having a width (L) and a diameter (J) at an interconnect point (E), comprising shells and segments collaborating to withstand
internal pressure and remain in a closed position without assistance from additional components, wherein the interconnect
point (E) is a point of contact between a shell and a segment,
wherein each segment comprises at lateral edges thereof a projection extending radially inwards, which projection is equipped
with a lip extending axially towards the inside of the mold and having an inclined frustoconical surface of given angle (?)
with respect to an axis (XX?) of the mold such that extensions of a line of each frustoconical surface on a meridian plane
intercept on a radially internal side of the segment, and

wherein each shell comprises a projection extending radially outwards and provided with a lip having a frustoconical surface
inclined by the same angle ? with respect to the axis XX? of the mold,

wherein in projection onto the meridian plane passing through the axis XX?of the mold, the distance (a) comprised between
a straight line (tt?) parallel to the axis of the mold and passing through a point (T) of application of a resultant of forces
(F) of contact between the shells and the segments, and a straight line (ss?) parallel to the axis of the mold situated in
an extension of an internal face of a segment is equal to

with a coefficient k between 0.8 and 1.4.

US Pat. No. 9,296,261

PNEUMATIC TIRE TREAD

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A pneumatic tire having a tread that is formed from a rubber composition and that contacts the road surface when the tire
rolls, comprising:
a tread portion, in which is formed at least one primary groove of depth D and width W having a base surface and two opposing
walls, and

multiple flexible fences of thickness E, which extend inside the primary groove such that at least 70% of the cross-sectional
area of the primary groove is blocked and which are disposed at intervals such that at least one of the multiple flexible
fences is in the primary groove in the tread contact patch when the tyre is rolling,

wherein the multiple flexible fences are formed from at least a rubber composition for fences that is different from the rubber
composition for the tread portion; the rubber composition of the flexible fences has an abrasion index that is greater than
or equal to twice the abrasion index of the rubber composition of the tread portion; and the rubber composition for fences
comprises a filler composition that is based on

(a) a diene elastomer,
(b) a reinforcing filler selected from the group consisting of carbon black, inorganic fillers, organic fillers, and mixtures
of said fillers, which has a BET specific surface area of less than 100 m2/g and is in an amount of between 20 phr and 120 phr;

(c) a plasticizing system selected from the group consisting of liquid plasticizer, hydrocarbon resins and mixtures thereof;
and

(d) a vulcanizing agent.

US Pat. No. 9,193,121

MOULD FOR VULCANIZING A TIRE, INSTALLATION AND METHOD FOR REGULATING THE TEMPERATURE OF THE MOULD

Michelin Recherche et Tec...

1. A method for regulating the temperature of a mould adapted for vulcanizing a blank tire, the mould having an overall shape
that is annular about an axis of revolution and includes means for channeling a cooling liquid in a substantially circular
path about the axis, wherein the channeling means include an annular wall around the axis, separating at least two chambers
in which the cooling liquid circulates as at least two different streams in parallel in the at least two chambers, an upstream
end of each of the at least two chambers has substantially the same angular position with respect to the substantially circular
path as a downstream end of an adjacent other one of the at least two chambers, the downstream end of each of the at least
two chambers has substantially the same angular position with respect to the substantially circular path as the upstream end
of the adjacent other one of the at least two chambers, and the mould additionally includes means for circulating the at least
two different liquid streams in opposite directions in adjacent ones of the at least two chambers,
wherein the method comprises reversing the direction of circulation of the liquid in each one of the at least two chambers
at a predetermined frequency.

US Pat. No. 9,080,041

RUBBER COMPOSITION INCLUDING A POLAR THERMOPLASTIC ELASTOMER INCLUDING AN ALKYLACRYLATE UNIT

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A rubber composition of a tyre tread, the rubber composition comprising:
an elastomer matrix including:
from 60 to 95 phr of a diene elastomer, and
from 5 to 40 phr of a polar thermoplastic elastomer that includes an elastomer block and a polar thermoplastic block selected
from a homopolymer or copolymers of an alkylacrylic acid ester, wherein the alkyl radical of the alkylacrylic acid ester includes
1 to 4 carbon atoms;

a reinforcing filler that includes a reinforcing inorganic filler; and
a coupling agent,
wherein the diene elastomer of the elastomer matrix includes:
a styrene copolymer at an amount between 60% and 100% by weight of the total weight of the diene elastomer, and
a polybutadiene, a natural rubber, or a mixture of a polybutadiene and a natural rubber at an amount between 0% and 40% by
weight of the total weight of the diene elastomer.

US Pat. No. 9,415,553

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CURING A RUBBER LIKE ARTICLE

Compagnie Generale des Et...

1. A method of molding and/or curing an annular article from a mold, the method comprising:
positioning a mold core centrally within a mold outer portion to form an annular mold cavity between the mold outer portion
and the mold core, the mold core including an outer ring having an inner surface and an outer surface for engaging the annular
article, an inner member positioned centrally within the outer ring, the inner member being positioned in spaced relation
to the inner surface of the outer ring, the outer ring being formed of a material capable of expanding and contracting with
changes in temperature, a plurality of translation members extending radially relative to the outer ring, and between the
outer ring and the inner member, the translation members slidably engaging one of the outer ring and the inner member as the
outer ring expands or contracts with changes in temperature;

heating the outer ring;
cooling the outer ring subsequent to heating, whereby the outer ring contracts relative to the article; and,
removing the article from the core outer ring.

US Pat. No. 9,144,946

METHOD OF CONTROLLING PRODUCT VOLUME IN A FIXED VOLUME MOLD

Compagnie Generale des Et...

1. A method for controlling the volume of a product that is to be placed in a mold comprising:
providing a mold and a portable mold core;
providing a core rotation spindle assembly to which the portable mold core is attached during a weighing step, wherein the
core rotation spindle assembly includes a sensor subassembly that is used to weigh the tire tread or tire during the weighing
step;

attaching the portable mold core to the core rotation spindle before laying down layers of products to form the tire tread
or tire, moving the core and spindle to various tire building stations;

laying one or more layers of products on the portable mold core to form a tire tread or tire;
weighing the tire tread or tire by detaching the core rotation spindle from the portable mold core, taring the core rotation
spindle, and attaching the core rotation spindle to the portable mold core and determining the weight of the tire tread or
tire; and

placing the tire tread or tire and portable mold core into the mold when the weight of the tire tread or tire is within acceptable
parameters.

US Pat. No. 9,346,317

NON-PNEUMATIC TIRE WITH REINFORCEMENT BAND SPACER AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SAME

MICHELIN RECHERCHE et TEC...

1. A method of manufacturing a non-pneumatic tire having an annular reinforcement structure that includes a first reinforcement
band, a second reinforcement band, and a resilient spacing element positioned between the first and second reinforcement bands,
the method comprising the steps of:
placing the resilient spacing element against a face of the first reinforcement band;
compressing the spacing element against the face of the first reinforcement band at a location adjacent a top edge of the
first reinforcement band;

sliding the second reinforcement band in an axial direction relative to the first reinforcement band and from the top edge
of the first reinforcement band towards a bottom edge of the first reinforcement band while the spacing element is compressed
so as to place the first and second reinforcement bands into a concentric relationship; and,

allowing the spacing element to press against the first and second reinforcement band to retain the spacing element between
the first and second reinforcement bands to form the annular reinforcement structure; and

positioning the annular reinforcement structure within an annular band to form a non-pneumatic tire.

US Pat. No. 9,387,728

TIRE TREAD HAVING A PLURALITY OF WEAR LAYERS

Compagnie Generale Des Et...

1. A multi-stage tire tread comprising:
a thickness extending inward depthwise from an outer, ground-engaging side of the tread, the outer, ground-engaging side including
an outer contact surface;

two or more wear layers arranged within the tread thickness at different depths, the two or more wear layers comprising an
outer wear layer and one or more inner wear layers arranged within the thickness of the tread below the outer wear layer;
and,

one or more outer grooves arranged within the outer wear layer, the one or more grooves exposed to the outer, ground-engaging
side when the tread is in an unworn condition;

the tread having a volumetric void ratio equal to approximately 0.25 to 0.40 in the unworn condition and approximately 0.25
to 0.40 in a worn condition where the outer, ground-engaging side is arranged along one of the inner wear layers in the worn
condition, the tread further having a contact surface ratio equal to approximately 0.66 to 0.72 in the unworn condition and
approximately 0.56 to 0.66 in the worn condition, the tire tread yet further having a longitudinal rigidity factor of tire
tread is equal to approximately 0.39 to 0.55 in the unworn condition and approximately 1.43 to 1.75 in the worn condition.

US Pat. No. 9,156,968

RUBBER COMPOSITION INCLUDING A FUNCTIONALIZED THERMOPLASTIC POLYMER

Compagnie Generale Des Et...

1. A reinforced rubber composition based on at least:
a diene elastomer,
a non-reinforcing filler comprising from 3 to 30 phr of a thermoplastic polymer,
a reinforcing filler comprising a reinforcing inorganic filler,
a coupling agent providing the bond between the diene elastomer and the reinforcing inorganic filler,
wherein the thermoplastic polymer has a number-average molar mass, Mn, between 500 g/mol and 20000 g/mol, contains exclusively
vinylaromatic units, and bears, at least one chain end, a specific functional group selected from the group consisting of
Si(OR1)nR2(3-n), Si(OH)R12 or (SiR12—O)p—H, where:

R1, which are identical or different, each represent a monovalent hydrocarbon-based group selected from alkyls, which are linear
or branched, cycloalkyls or aryls, having from 1 to 18 carbon atoms,

R2, which are identical or different, each represent a hydrogen or a monovalent hydrocarbon-based group selected from alkyls,
which are linear or branched, cycloalkyls or aryls, having from 1 to 18 carbon atoms, the hydrocarbon-based group optionally
bearing at least one functional group selected from a primary, secondary or tertiary amine, an imine and an epoxy,

n represents an integer ranging from 1 to 3,
p represents an integer ranging from 2 to 30.

US Pat. No. 9,463,604

PART FOR A MOLD FOR A TIRE, COMPRISING AN INSERT

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A tire mold part comprising:
a body, this body comprising:
a first surface intended to mold all or part of a tread surface of the tire,
a second surface opposite the first surface and intended to be in contact with another part of the mold, and
a lateral face connecting the first surface and the second surface,
wherein the body comprises:
sintered part made of a metallic powder fused together layer by layer, and
a non-sintered part attached to the sintered part and in contact with this sintered part at a contact zone,
wherein the sintered part forms the first surface of the body and the non-sintered part forms the second surface of the body,
wherein the sintered part has a thickness (E) of between 1 and 6 millimeters,
a cavity extending from the first surface into a depth of the mold part beyond the contact zone,
wherein this cavity does not open onto the second surface of the body,
an insert placed in the cavity,
wherein this insert is at the same level as the first surface of the body, and
wherein the insert comprises a canal extending from the first surface of the body and opening onto the contact zone between
the sintered part and the non-sintered part of the body, the contact zone opening onto the lateral face of the body.

US Pat. No. 9,267,014

TIRE COMPRISING A COMPOSITION ESSENTIALLY FREE OF GUANIDINE DERIVATIVE AND COMPRISING AN ALKALI METAL HYDROXIDE OR ALKALINE-EARTH METAL HYDROXIDE

Compagnie Generale Des Et...

1. A tire comprising a rubber composition based on:
at least one diene elastomer,
a reinforcing filler predominantly composed of silica,
a crosslinking system, and
an alkali metal hydroxide or alkaline earth metal hydroxide,
wherein the rubber composition includes less than 0.5 phr of guanidine derivative.

US Pat. No. 9,399,711

PNEUMATIC OBJECT PROVIDED WITH A GAS-TIGHT LAYER COMPRISING A STYRENE THERMOPLASTIC ELASTOMER AND A POLYPHENYLENE ETHER

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. An inflatable article comprising an elastomer layer that is airtight to at least one inflation gas used to inflate the
article,
wherein the elastomer layer includes:
a styrene thermoplastic elastomer;
a polyphenylene ether; and
a polyisobutylene extending oil at a content of between 67 and 100 phr,
wherein the styrene thermoplastic elastomer is a styrene/isobutylene/styrene triblock copolymer (SIBS),
wherein the polyphenylene ether is poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene ether); and
wherein a content by weight of polyphenylene ether represents between 0.5 and 2 times a content by weight of styrene present
in the styrene thermoplastic elastomer.

US Pat. No. 9,944,775

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING AN ELASTOMERIC COMPOSITION HAVING A SELF-SEALING PROPERTY

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A process for the manufacture of an inflatable article, wherein the inflatable article has an internal wall, the internal wall comprises a puncture-resistant layer formed of an elastomer composition which has a self-sealing property and comprises:a solid unsaturated diene elastomer;
between 30 and 90 phr of a hydrocarbon resin;
a total amount of between 0 phr and 10 phr filler;
between 0.5 and 15 phr of thiuram polysulphide,wherein the process comprises:1) preparing the elastomeric composition; and
2) incorporating the elastomeric composition into the inner wall of the inflatable article;
the step 1) comprises, during a stage (a), preparing a masterbatch comprising at least the solid unsaturated diene elastomer and the hydrocarbon resin is by mixing at least the solid unsaturated diene elastomer and the hydrocarbon in a mixer at a temperature which is greater than the softening temperature of the hydrocarbon resin.

US Pat. No. 9,168,790

TIRE FOR VEHICLE, COMPRISING A TREAD COMPRISING A PLURALITY OF COMPOUNDS AND A RADIAL CARCASS REINFORCEMENT FORMED OF AT LEAST TWO LAYERS

Michelin Recherche et Tec...

1. A tire for a motorized two-wheeled vehicle, comprising a radial carcass reinforcement formed of at least two layers of
reinforcing elements, at least one of which is anchored by being turned up around a bead core on each side of the tire inside
a bead, and, each bead being continued radially outward by a sidewall, the sidewalls being joined radially outward to a tread,
and comprising underneath the tread, a crown reinforcement structure comprising at least one layer of reinforcing elements,
wherein at least a surface of the tread comprises a first polymeric compound extending in at least a region of an equatorial
plane and at least one second polymeric compound having physicochemical properties different from those of said first polymeric
compound,

wherein a density of the reinforcing elements in a radially inner layer of the at least two carcass reinforcement layers is
less than that in a radially outer layer of the at least two carcass reinforcement layers,

wherein R1 represents an inside radius of a bead core and R2 represents a radius of the radially outer carcass reinforcement layer in the equatorial plane,

wherein the density of the reinforcing elements in the radially inner carcass reinforcement layer is between 70×R1/R2 and 110×R1/R2 reinforcing elements per decimeter, and the density of the reinforcing elements in the radially outer carcass reinforcement
layer is between 100×R1/R2 and 130×R1/R2 reinforcing elements per decimeter, and

wherein a ratio R1/R2 is greater or equal to 0.7.

US Pat. No. 9,121,396

POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMP INCLUDING A PRESSURE ABSORBER

Michelin Recherche et Tec...

3. A positive-displacement pump comprising:
a pump body at least partially delimiting a rubber pressurizing chamber; and
a feeder configured to feed the rubber pressurizing chamber with rubber, the feeder having:
a threaded worm rotatable about a main axis with respect to the pump body, and
an absorption body configured to absorb the pressure of the rubber pressurizing chamber,
wherein the absorption body is axially secured to and in line with the worm and configured to rotate together with the worm,
the absorption body having a bottom face that oppositely faces a top face of a top thread of the worm, the bottom face of
the absorption body and the top face of the top thread of the worm being spaced apart so as to delimit the rubber pressurizing
chamber, the absorption body being in contact with the pump body.

US Pat. No. 9,428,266

AIRCRAFT LANDING GEAR

AIRBUS OPERATIONS LIMITED...

1. An aircraft landing gear comprising:
an axle carrying at least one wheel, the wheel having a hub and a toothed ring gear mounted to the hub;
a drive transmission having at least one motor and a drive pinion for meshing with the toothed ring of the wheel; and
an actuator for lifting via pivoting the drive transmission into and out of driving engagement with the toothed ring.

US Pat. No. 9,561,630

TREAD INCLUDING AT LEAST ONE WAVY GROOVE, AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A tire for a heavy goods vehicle comprising:
a tread of total thickness E and total volume V, comprising:
a tread surface intended to come into contact with a roadway;
at least one cavity or groove that is continuous in a main direction, with the at least one cavity or groove being delimited
by side walls connected by a bottom, this cavity or groove having a cross section, the points furthest towards the inside
of the bottom of each cavity or groove defining a bottom line;

each cavity or groove comprising:
a plurality of open sections that open onto the tread surface in the new state, and
a plurality of closed sections connected to the open sections and arranged in alternation, such that each closed section is
spaced away from the tread surface by a bridge of rubber,

a bottom line of the at least one cavity or groove containing points that lie at distances between a minimum distance Dm and
a maximum distance DM, these distances, which are measured on the tread in the new state with respect to the tread surface,
being at most equal to the thickness E of the tread;

at least one insert to form a cavity that is continuous in a main direction, the formed cavity being delimited by side walls
connected by a bottom, the points furthest towards the inside of the bottom of the formed cavity defining a bottom line of
wavy shape, the at least one insert being arranged in the tread in such a way as to appear on the tread surface only when
the tread is partially worn;

wherein the bottom line of each cavity or groove follows a wavy geometry having a positive amplitude equal to the difference
(DM?Dm) and having a wavelength less than a mean length of the contact patch measured under the conditions of use as set forth
in the E.T.R.T.O. standard for the new tire,

and wherein the bridge of rubber formed between each closed section and the tread surface is continuous.

US Pat. No. 9,205,613

TIRE VULCANIZING MOULD INCLUDING AN ARRAY OF GROOVES AND NOTCHES

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A lining for a mold for vulcanizing a tire, comprising:
at least one network of cords for molding a corresponding network of grooves in the tread of the tire, comprising at least
one circumferential cord, at least one transverse cord, and at least one radial cord, for molding a circumferential groove,
a transverse groove, and a radial groove, respectively, in the tread;

at least one network of sipe blades for molding a corresponding network of cuts in the tread;wherein the at least one network of cords and the at least one network of sipe blades intersect at at least one node between
at least one circumferential cord and at least one transverse cord, andwherein each cord of the network overmolds at least the edge of a sipe blade in the at least one network of sipe blades.

US Pat. No. 9,156,316

VEHICLE TIRE WITH INTERRUPTED CARCASS AND COMPRISING A LAYER OF CIRCUMFERENTIAL REINFORCEMENT ELEMENTS

Michelin Recherche et Tec...

1. A tire comprising:
a carcass-type reinforcing structure formed of reinforcing elements and anchored to beads on both sides of the tire, each
of said beads having a base configured to be mounted on a rim seat, said beads being extended radially outwards by sidewalls,
said sidewalls being joined radially towards the outside to a tread strip; and

a crown reinforcing structure formed under said tread strip and comprising at least two layers of reinforcing elements,
wherein said carcass-type reinforcing structure comprises at least two half-layers extending at least from shoulders of the
tire to said beads, each of said at least two half-layers having one end under said tread strip,

wherein said crown reinforcing structure comprises at least one layer of circumferential reinforcing elements that are distributed
in a transverse direction with a variable pitch,

wherein said variable pitch between said circumferential reinforcing elements is at a minimum in a region of said at least
one layer of circumferential reinforcing elements that radially faces said one end of each of said at least two half-layers
of the carcass-type reinforcing structure under said tread strip, and

wherein at least one of the following conditions apply:
(i) said variable pitch of said circumferential reinforcing elements decreases beginning from one end of said at least one
layer of circumferential reinforcing elements and extending to said region radially facing said one end of each of said at
least two half-layers under said tread strip, and a value of said variable pitch obeys an arithmetic series of a type U(n)=Uo+nr,
where Uo is in a range of 0.4 mm and 2.5 mm, and r is a common difference of said arithmetic series that is in a range of
0.001 and 0.1, and

(i) the pitch increases from said region to a crown of the tire, and a value of said variable pitch obeys an arithmetic series
of a type U(n)=Uo+nr, where Uo is in a range of 0.4 mm and 2.5 mm, and r is a common difference of said arithmetic series
that is in a range of 0.001 and 0.1.

US Pat. No. 9,108,465

TIRE COMPRISING CARCASS REINFORCING CORDS OF LOW PERMEABILITY AND TEXTILE THREADS ASSOCIATED WITH THE CARCASS REINFORCEMENT

Michelin Recherche et Tec...

16. A tire having a radial carcass reinforcement comprised of at least one layer of metal reinforcing elements, said tire
comprising a crown reinforcement, which is itself covered radially with a tread, said tread being joined to two beads via
two sidewalls, wherein the metal reinforcing elements of at least one layer of the at least one layer of metal reinforcing
elements comprising the carcass reinforcement are non-hooped cords having at least two layers, at least an inner layer being
sheathed with a layer consisting of a polymer composition such as a crosslinkable or crosslinked rubber composition, wherein
at least one layer of the at least one layer of metal non-hooped carcass cords is provided on at least one entire side with
textile threads having air-draining properties, the textile threads being oriented along a main direction parallel to that
of the metal non-hooped carcass cords and wherein said textile threads are corrugated about this main direction.

US Pat. No. 9,394,380

GRAFT POLYMER TO WHICH COMBINED NITROGEN MOLECULES ARE GRAFTED

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A modified polymer obtained by grafting of a compound comprising at least one group Q and at least one group A, bonded
together by at least, one “spacer” group Sp in which:
Q comprises a comprises a nitrile oxide, nitrone or nitrile imine functional group,
A comprises an associative group comprising at least one nitrogen atom, and corresponds to one of the following formulae (II),
(III), (IV), (V), or (VI):

where:
R denotes a hydrocarbon group which may optionally contain heteroatoms,
X denotes an oxygen or sulphur atom or a group —NH
Sp is an atom or a group of atoms forming a bond between Q and A.

US Pat. No. 9,224,198

ANALYSIS OF THE DIGITAL IMAGE OF THE SURFACE OF A TYRE AND PROCESSING OF NON-MEASUREMENT POINTS

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A method for processing an image of a surface of a tyre to be inspected, in which a three-dimensional digital image of
the surface is acquired, in which each pixel of the acquired image is assigned a grey-level value proportional to an elevation
of a corresponding point with respect to the surface, and in which pixels of the acquired image are placed in rows and columns,
the method comprising:
digitally processing the image by using a computer processor to:
search the acquired image for zones of the surface, each of the zones including non-measurement points corresponding to pixels
whose grey-level value is lower than a given threshold, the non-measurement points of each of the zones being erroneous points
resulting from a shadow present when the image was being acquired;

determine boundaries of an encompassing box that includes one or more of the zones;and,
correct the non-measurement points of the one or more of the zones inside the encompassing box by, for a given row (li) secant
to a zone of the one or more of the zones, correcting the non-measurement points of the zone by assigning to each pixel of
the zone a grey-level value equal to a mean grey-level value of a set (Kij, si) of pixels of a reference segment (si) belonging
to the given row (li) and positioned in proximity to the zone,

wherein a result of the processing of the image is used to determine whether the tyre is in compliance with a reference.

US Pat. No. 9,093,696

ACCUMULATOR ASSEMBLY FOR A BATTERY OF AN ELECTRIC OR HYBRID VEHICLE, PROVIDED WITH A CONNECTING STRUT

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. An accumulator assembly comprising:
a plurality of electrical energy accumulator elements superposed on a stacking axis, each of the electrical energy accumulator
elements comprising connecting electrodes,

at least one electrically conductive spacer formed from an electrically conductive material, said at least one electrically
conductive spacer being arranged axially between said connecting electrodes of two adjacent accumulator elements and being
axially in contact with said connecting electrodes, and said at least one electrically conductive spacer being electrically
linked to at least one of said plurality of electrical energy accumulator elements,

assembly tie-rods extending axially through mounting voids in said at least one electrically conductive spacer and in said
connecting electrodes of the accumulator elements, said mounting voids extending axially relative to stack stacking axis,
and

at least one connecting plug comprising a conductive terminal part housed inside a connecting void of said at least one electrically
conductive spacer and linked to an electric cable for a voltage measurement, said connecting void extending transversely relative
to said stacking axis and to said mounting voids.

US Pat. No. 9,421,724

METHOD AND FACILITY FOR MANUFACTURING A TIRE BLANK BY MEANS OF A STRIP

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A method for manufacturing an uncured blank of a vehicle tire, wherein a strip of rubber is extruded and is made to pass
between two members, one of which forms a roller for extruding the strip, such that faces of the strip, forming one and the
same section of the strip in a plane perpendicular to a direction of travel of the strip and pressing simultaneously against
the respective members, are driven at linear speeds that differ from one another, and that the members stretch the strip between
them, wherein the difference between the linear speeds of the faces, in said section of the strip pressed simultaneously against
the two members, increases and decreases during the manufacturing so as to modify the cross-sectional area of the strip, each
linear speed difference corresponding to a respective cross-sectional area.

US Pat. No. 9,290,055

TIRE COMPRISING A CARCASS REINFORCEMENT HAVING CABLES AND CAPILLARY TUBES

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A tire comprising:
a radial carcass reinforcement having at least one layer of reinforcing elements;
a crown reinforcement covered radially with a tread; and
said tread being joined to two beads via two sidewalls,
wherein at least 90% of the reinforcing elements of the at least one layer of the carcass reinforcement are non-wrapped metal
cords having a flow rate of less than 20 cm3/min in a permeability test,

wherein at least 1% of the reinforcing elements of the at least one layer of the carcass reinforcement are capillary tubes,
wherein, in a plane of section perpendicular to the axis of each of the capillary tubes, a ratio of an open area to an area
of material is greater than 0.4%, and

wherein the capillary tubes are in the same plane and parallel to the non-wrapped metal cords.

US Pat. No. 9,080,241

SYSTEM FOR PRODUCING AND SUPPLYING HYDROGEN AND SODIUM CHLORATE, COMPRISING A SODIUM CHLORIDE ELECTROLYSER FOR PRODUCING SODIUM CHLORATE

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A fueling system for an electrical automobile, the fueling system comprising:
a service station for providing a supply of hydrogen and a supply of sodium chlorate (NaClO3) to an electrical automobile when the electrical automobile is connected to the service station, the service station including
at least one sodium chloride (NaCl) electrolyser;

a first supply line for supplying the NaClO3 from the service station to the electrical automobile;

a second supply line for supplying the hydrogen from the service station to the electrical automobile;
a supply system for supplying NaCl, water, and energy to the service station; and
a discharge pipe for transporting NaCl discharged from the electrical automobile to the service station,
wherein the at least one NaCl electrolyser utilizes the NaCl, the water, and the energy from the supply system to produce
NaClO3 and hydrogen.

US Pat. No. 9,352,522

MOLDING ELEMENT OF A MOLD FOR A TIRE, COMPRISING A PLURALITY OF HOLES

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A molding element for a tire mold manufactured from a metallic powder fused together layer by layer, the molding element
comprising:
a body, this body comprising:
a first surface intended to mold all or part of a tread surface of the tire, and
a second surface opposite to the first surface and intended to be in contact with another part of the mold,
wherein the body has a thickness (E) between 1 and 6 millimetres,
at least one cavity opening onto the second surface of this body,
a plate positioned across the at least one cavity and formed as one with the body of the molding element,
wherein this plate is at the same level as the first surface of the body, and wherein the plate comprises at least one hole
allowing air to pass between the first surface of the molding element and the second surface thereof,

a lateral surface connecting the first surface of the body of the molding element to the second surface thereof,
a porous area connecting the cavity to the lateral surface, this porous area forming all or part of the second surface of
the body of the element and comprising a plurality of pores that allow air to pass and generate a voids volume which is greater
than 20%.

US Pat. No. 9,315,590

CATALYTIC SYSTEM FOR CONJUGATED DIENE POLYMERISATION, POLYMERISATION METHOD AND FUNCTIONAL POLYMER OBTAINED

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A catalytic system for polymerization comprising:
one rare-earth metal salt corresponding to the formula Ln(A?)3(B)n, in which:

Ln is chosen from lanthanides, yttrium, or scandium;
A? is chosen from carboxylates, organophosphates, alcoholates, amides, alkyls or borohydrides;
B is a solvent molecule complexed to the rare-earth metal; and
n is an integer between 0 and 4; and
one organometallic compound corresponding to the formula (I):

wherein: M is a metal belonging to the 2nd or 13th column of the Periodic Table;

R1, R2, R3, R4, which are identical to or different from one another, are hydrogen atoms or linear or branched alkyl or substituted or unsubstituted
aryl substituents, optionally bonded together to form at least one ring composed of 5 or 6 atoms, or at least one aromatic
ring;

A is an alkyl radical based on C, H or Si atoms;
X is a chemical function bonded by a heteroatom to (CH2)m in the formula (I);

L is a Lewis base;
x is an integer that is equal to 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4;
n and m, independently of one another, are each an integer greater than or equal to 0, on condition that n and m are not both
equal to 0;

z is equal to 2 when M belongs to the 2nd column of the Periodic Table and is equal to 3 when M belongs to the 13th column of the Periodic Table; and

y is a non-zero integer ranging from 1 to z.

US Pat. No. 9,090,154

MOTORIZED HUB COMPRISING AN ELECTRIC TRACTION UNIT

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A motorized hub for an electrically powered motor vehicle, the motorized hub comprising:
a hub configured to accept a wheel, the hub being mounted to rotate with respect to a hub carrier about a hub axis;
an electric traction unit, the electric traction unit comprising an external stator connected to the hub carrier, and an internal
rotor, wherein an axis of rotation of the internal rotor is distant from the hub axis;

a reduction device acting between a shaft of the rotor of an electric unit and the hub
a dry-friction brake; and
a braking rotor configured to be cooled by ambient air being and secured to the hub in terms of rotation via a brake shaft,
the braking rotor being positioned axially on an inboard side of the vehicle with respect to the hub, the shaft of the rotor
of the electric traction unit being positioned radially on the outside of the braking rotor and extending axially from the
reduction device towards inside the vehicle,

wherein the reduction device comprises a drive pinion connected to the rotor of an electric unit and a ring gear connected
to the hub, the brake shaft passing through the hub carrier to connect the braking rotor to the hub, the brake shaft being
independent of the reduction device,

wherein the reduction device comprises two reduction stages, and
wherein the hub is mounted so that it can rotate via rolling-contact hub bearings positioned around a stub axle of the hub
carrier, the brake shaft passing axially through a cavity of the stub axle.

US Pat. No. 9,862,233

HEAVY TRUCK TIRE FOR A TRAILER VEHICLE

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A tire intended to be fitted to a heavy vehicle of the trailer type, this tire comprising a carcass reinforcement surmounted
radially on the outside by a crown reinforcement comprising at least two working plies, the width Lt of this crown reinforcement
being equal to the width of the axially narrowest working ply, this crown reinforcement being surmounted radially on the outside
by a tread (also known as a “cap”) and interposed radially between the said cap and the crown reinforcement by a sublayer
(also known as a “base”), this base extending axially and radially under all of the cap and radially on the outside of the
crown reinforcement over a total width at least equal to the width Lt of the crown reinforcement, an equatorial plane dividing
the cap axially into an outer half cap (TE) and an inner half cap (TI) of the same axial width, the outer half cap (TE) being
intended to be positioned axially towards the outside of a vehicle and the inner half cap (TI) being intended to be positioned
axially towards the inside of the vehicle, the cap having a thickness E, a tread surface intended to come into contact with
a roadway and being provided in the new state with an asymmetric tread pattern over at least a thickness equal to 30% of the
thickness E of the cap, this tread pattern conferring greater mechanical stiffness on the outer half cap (TE) by comparison
with the inner half cap (TI), this tire wherein:
the base comprises an additional volume positioned radially under the inner half cap (TI), this additional volume being such
that the volume occupied by the base radially under the inner half cap (TI) is greater than the volume occupied by the base
radially under the outer half cap (TE),

and in that the material of which the base is made is a rubber-based composition having hysteresis lower than the hysteresis
of the rubber-based material of which the cap is made, and

wherein the inner half cap (TI) and the outer half cap (TE) are separated by a groove of circumferential overall orientation,
this groove intersecting the tread surface along two edge corners, an axially outer edge corner and an axially inner edge
corner,

the outer half cap (TE) includes in the circumferential direction, a succession of stiff strips of circumferential width D11 and of axial width LE and of flexible strips of circumferential width D12 and of axial width LE which have grooves extending over the entire circumferential width D12 of these flexible strips, and

the stiff strips and flexible strips extend tangential to a same direction of a circumferential direction of the tire, and
the succession of stiff strips and the flexible strips are not continued into the inner half and,
the stiff strips and the flexible strips both define a portion with at least one sipe that extends in the circumferential
direction of the tire, and the at least one sipe for the stiff strips is configured to close up at a quicker rate than the
at least one sipe for the flexible strips, in response to transverse loading,

wherein the base has a first portion and second portion, wherein the first portion extends equidistantly into the inner half
cap and the outer half cap from the equatorial plane, and the second portion only extends within the inner half cap,

wherein the first portion and second portion are different types of rubber.

US Pat. No. 9,481,415

VEHICLE FUEL ECONOMY BY OPTIMIZING EFFECTIVE ROLLING TIRE RESISTANCE

Compagnie Generale des Et...

1. A vehicle suspension system for improving a fuel economy of a vehicle by optimizing effective tire rolling resistance,
the vehicle suspension system comprising:
an at least one principal axle;
an at least one lift axle;
an at least one tire mounted on each of the axles;
an input device for entering instructions or information;
a memory for storing instructions, data or programs having algorithms;
load sensors for determining a load on each of the principal and lift axles;
a lift mechanism for lowering or raising the lift axle;
at least one processing device in communication with said input device, said memory, said load sensors, said lift mechanism,
said at least one processing device configured for:

determining whether a total load carried by the vehicle is greater than a sum of maximum allowable axle load multiplied by
a number of lift axles added to a minimum allowable axle load necessary multiplied by a number of principal axles; or

determining whether a total load carried by the vehicle is less than or equal to the sum of maximum allowable axle load multiplied
by the number of lift axles added to the minimum allowable axle load necessary multiplied by the number of principal axles
while also being greater than the total number of axles multiplied by the minimum allowable axle load necessary, or

determining whether the total load carried by the vehicle is less than or equal to a total number of axles multiplied by minimum
allowable axle load necessary;

determining that the tires on a lift axle have lower rolling resistance characteristics than the tires on a principal axle;
and

signaling to move said at least one lift axle so as to improve the fuel economy of said vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,421,830

BEAD OF A TIRE FOR A HEAVY VEHICLE OF CONSTRUCTION PLANT TYPE

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A tire for a heavy vehicle of construction plant type comprising two beads intended to come into contact with a rim, a
carcass reinforcement comprising at least one carcass reinforcement layer made up of metallic reinforcing elements, the carcass
reinforcement layer comprising a main part wrapped, within each bead, from the inside towards the outside of the tire, around
a bead wire to form a turn-up, a distance (d) between the turn-up and the main part decreasing continuously, radially towards
the outside, from the bead wire, as far as a minimum distance (d1), then increasing continuously as far as a maximum distance (d2), the turn-up comprising an end covered by an edging element made of a polymer edging material, each bead comprising a filling
element extending the bead wire radially towards the outside and made of at least one polymer filling material, the polymer
filling material in contact with the edging element having an elastic modulus at 10% elongation that is lower than the elastic
modulus at 10% elongation of the polymer edging material, wherein a transition element, made of a polymer transition material,
is at least partially in contact, on an axially outer face thereof, with the polymer edging material and, on an axially inner
face thereof, with a polymer filling material, wherein a radially outer and radially inner end of the transition element are
respectively radially on the outside and radially on the inside of the end of the turn-up and wherein the elastic modulus
at 10% elongation of the polymer transition material is somewhere between the respective elastic moduluses at 10% elongation
of the polymer edging material and of the polymer filling material with which the transition element is in contact.

US Pat. No. 9,358,844

TIRE WITH GREATER RESISTANCE TO UNSEATING

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A tire intended to be mounted on a mounting rim of a vehicle wheel, comprising:
two beads each extending to a radial height of 50% of the radial height H of the tire, each bead comprising at least one anchoring
zone and a portion forming a seat intended to come into contact with the mounting rim;

two sidewalls extending the beads radially outwards, the two sidewalls joining together to form a crown comprising a crown
reinforcement surmounted by a tread;

at least one carcass reinforcement extending from each of said two beads through the sidewall as far as the crown, each carcass
reinforcement being anchored in an anchoring zone of the bead;

wherein, in any radial cross section, the at least one anchoring zone of each bead each comprises a plurality of circumferentially
annular reinforcing structures, said annular reinforcing structures being arranged in such a way as to form at least one anchoring
alignment, said at least one anchoring alignment extending over a length LT between a radially innermost annular reinforcing
structure and a radially outermost annular reinforcing structure, along a trajectory that is parallel to within 30° to a portion
of the carcass reinforcement,

each of said two beads further comprising, in any radial cross section, an additional stiffening reinforcement, the additional
stiffening reinforcement extending between:

(a) a first end situated at a distance H1 from a tangent to said portion forming a seat, the distance H1 being greater than or equal to 20% and less than or equal to 70% of the minimum distance H0 between:

(i) the annular reinforcing structure of said at least one anchoring alignment that is closest to the tangent to said portion
forming a seat, and

(ii) the tangent to said portion forming a seat, the distances H1 and H0 being measured perpendicular to said tangent, the first end lying an axial distance L1 from the interior surface of the tire, the axial distance L1 being greater than or equal to 50% and less than or equal to 85% of a maximum axial width L0 of the bead; and

(b) a second end, the second end being radially at the same level as or outside of the first end and axially at the same level
as or on the outside of the first end, the second end being chosen such that:

a straight line connecting the first end and the second end forms an angle ? (alpha) with the radial direction, the angle
? (alpha) being greater than or equal to 0° and less than or equal to 90°; and

wherein a distance LA separates the first end and the second end, the distance LA being greater than or equal to 30% of a
mean length of the at least one anchoring alignment of annular reinforcing structures,

and wherein the additional stiffening reinforcement is formed by one single alignment of at least two circumferentially annular
reinforcing structures.

US Pat. No. 9,126,377

MOLDING ELEMENT COMPRISING CUTTING MEANS FOR MOLDING AND VULCANIZING A TIRE TREAD

Compagnie Generale des Et...

1. A molding element of a mold for molding and vulcanizing a tire tread, the tread comprising a tread surface adapted to come
into contact with the ground when the said tire is running, the molding element comprising:
a molding surface adapted to mold part of the tire tread surface, and
a blade of length L and of height Hc adapted to mold a sipe or a groove in the tread, comprising a rounded end extending along
the length of the blade in a direction of extension X,

two cutting means positioned on either side of the blade at a certain distance from the blade, wherein each cutting means
comprises a cutting edge extending in the direction of extension, this cutting edge making an acute angle ? in a cutting plane
perpendicular to the direction of extension X, wherein the height Hlc of the cutting edge is greater than or equal to the
height of the blade Hc.

US Pat. No. 9,085,198

1-D TIRE APPARATUS

MICHELIN RECHERCHE et TEC...

1. A tire mountable apparatus mounted to a supporting tire, comprising:
a substrate having a first surface and a second surface, the first surface having a length L and width W, the length L being
at least twice the width W, the width W being so dimensioned as to be less than a length of arc subtended along the inner
surface of the supporting tire corresponding to 5° of rotation measured from a line extending from the center of rotation
to the inner surface of the supporting tire when unloaded and inflated at rated pressure; and

a pair of terminal/support elements supporting a printed circuit board and extending in the same direction from said first
surface, the terminal/support elements electrically coupled to one or more piezoelectric elements;

wherein said pair of terminal/support elements are arranged in a line aligned substantially perpendicular to a longitudinal
direction corresponding to the length L of the tire mountable apparatus, the longitudinal direction identifying the direction
of rotation of the supporting tire when mounted in the supporting tire.

US Pat. No. 9,809,661

PROCESS FOR CONTINUOUS SYNTHESIS OF A DIENE ELASTOMER

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A process for the continuous synthesis of a diene elastomer, comprising, simultaneously:
a) introducing continuously into a polymerisation reactor containing a gas phase and equipped with at least one stirring rotor
and a discharge device, at least

i. one or more monomer(s) to be polymerised, including at least one conjugated diene monomer, and
ii. from 0% to 70% by mass of an organic solvent, calculated relative to the total mass of monomer(s) and of solvent
b) continuously polymerising the monomer(s),
c) stirring a polymerisation medium via the continuous movement of at least one stirring rotor about a rotary axle,
d) continuously discharging an elastomer paste derived from the polymerisation,
e) continuously conveying the discharged elastomer paste to a chopping device and chopping it into particles,
f) removing the solvent from the particles of the elastomer paste and
g) recovering the diene elastomer of the particles obtained in the preceding step; wherein
(1) the process has a degree of conversion of at least 60%, at the limit of the first third of the reaction volume of the
polymerisation reactor, and

(2) the process has a residence time distribution function in the polymerisation reactor having a standard deviation that
is greater than the mean residence time divided by 2?3.

US Pat. No. 9,505,917

TIRE INNER LINER

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A tire inner liner having a rubber composition based on at least:
predominantly a highly unsaturated diene elastomer;
a reinforcing organic filler;
graphite;
chalk; and
a plasticizing hydrocarbon resin, the glass transition temperature, Tg, of which is greater than 20° C. and the softening
point of which is less than 170° C.

US Pat. No. 9,457,628

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING AN ELECTRONIC DEVICE FOR A PNEUMATIC TYRE

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. An electronic device to be incorporated into a tyre, the electronic device comprising:
an electronic component;
a conductor;
a multi-section support for the electronic component, a first section of the multi-section support being in an open-circuit
arrangement with a second section of the multi-section support, wherein the first section of the multi-section support and
the conductor are joined together by a first part for attachment of the conductor to the multi-section support and a second
part for attachment of the first part to the conductor, and wherein the first part and the second part are distinct from the
multi-section support;

a rigidifying casing overmoulded over at least the first part and the second part; and
an intermediate transition layer at least partially overmoulded over the rigidifying casing.

US Pat. No. 9,446,549

PROCESS FOR MANUFACTURING A RUBBER STRIP FOR A TIRE, COMPRISING WATER-COOLING MEANS

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. Method of manufacturing a strip of rubber for vehicle tires, comprising the steps of:
forming a strip of rubber including a vulcanization agent;
cooling said strip with water;
heating residual water on the surface of the strip from the exterior of the strip and/or replacing this water by hotter water;
and

eliminating the water present on the surface of the strip.

US Pat. No. 9,446,628

TIRE FOR TWO-WHEELED VEHICLES, INCLUDING A TREAD HAVING SIPES

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A tire for a motorized two-wheeled vehicle comprising:
a reinforcing structure of the carcass type, made up of reinforcing elements, anchored on each side of the tire to a bead
the base of which is adapted to be mounted on a rim seat,

each bead being extended radially outward by a sidewall, the sidewalls radially toward the outside joining to a tread comprising
incisions,

wherein a length of each incision is less than 1.2 times a width of a surface of the contact patch and
wherein at least one incision has at least one end which ends in a cut in the tread the width of which is greater than 2.5
mm and the length of which is between 2.5 and 10 mm,

wherein an apparent area of the incisions is greater than the apparent area of the cuts in the tread the width of which is
greater than 2.5 mm and the length of which is between 2.5 and 10 mm,

wherein the apparent area of the cuts in the tread of which the width is greater than 2.5 mm and of which the length is between
2.5 and 10 mm is less than 75% of the apparent area of the incisions, and

wherein at least 50% of the respective ends of the incisions terminate in a cut in the tread of which the width is greater
than 2.5 mm, and

wherein the ends of an incision of which the length is greater than 0.7 times the width of the area of the contact patch end
in a cut in the tread of which the width is greater than 2.5 mm.

US Pat. No. 9,440,497

DEVICE FOR PROTECTING A GROOVE IN A TREAD

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A tire for a heavy goods vehicle, comprising a tread comprising:
a tread surface adapted to come into contact with a road surface,
in the new state at least one groove delimited by opposing side walls, these opposing side walls being connected together
by a groove bottom,
wherein the groove comprises, in the new state:
a plurality of open portions that are open towards the exterior of the tread and portions that form channels underlying the
tread surface,

wherein each open portion comprises two ends and extends on either side of the ends thereof under the tread surface by the
channels underlying the tread surface by inlets that are connected respectively to the ends of the open portions,

wherein these inlets to each channel underlying the tread having a mean cross-sectional surface area S,
wherein at least one inlet to each channel underlying the tread is provided with a partial closure device for partially closing
the cross section of the inlets to the channels underlying the tread while the tire is running and for leaving a passage unclosed,

wherein a portion of the partial closure device is located within the inlet of the channel underlying the tread, and at least
partially located in an adjacent open portion of the groove, and comprises at least one protuberance formed on at least one
wall delimiting the groove, wherein the partial closure device closes at least 40% of the cross-sectional surface area S of
the inlets to the channels and at most 70% of this cross-sectional surface area S.

US Pat. No. 9,435,715

METHOD FOR CHARACTERIZING THE BEHAVIOUR OF A VEHICLE AND USE IN THE SELECTION OF THE TYRES OF THE VEHICLE

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

11. A method for characterizing a behavior of a vehicle that includes a body, a wheel having a wheel disc, a rim, and a tire,
and a suspension device connecting the wheel to the body, the method comprising steps of:
using a model of the vehicle to determine relationships between an acceleration imparted to a center of gravity of the vehicle
and forces, moments, and attitudes of vehicle wheels, in order to determine forces, moments, and attitudes at a wheel center
of the wheel in straight-line running;

using a characterization relating a lateral force (Fy) to a lateral offset (Dy) of the wheel;
for each physical configuration of a plurality of physical configurations of the suspension device, determining a pair of
values of the lateral force (Fy) and the lateral offset (Dy) of the wheel in straight-line running at a stabilized speed;
and

for each physical configuration of the plurality of physical configurations, performing a behavior test to determine whether
the vehicle exhibits a linear response behavior in straight-line running at the stabilized speed,

wherein pairs of values (Fy, Dy) corresponding to physical configurations determined to cause the vehicle to exhibit the linear
response behavior are utilizable to optimize at least one of: a tire structure, a wheel structure, a vehicle structure, and
a selection of a wheel and a tire of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,434,823

DIENE COPOLYMER INCLUDING AT LEAST TWO BLOCKS, METHOD FOR SYNTHESIZING SAME AND RUBBER COMPOSITION CONTAINING SAME

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A process for the synthesis of a diene copolymer comprising at least two blocks, at least one of the blocks being composed
of a diene elastomer, comprising a 1,3-dipolar reaction of two polymers defined as being:
a diene elastomer bearing an alkyne functional group at one or each of its chain ends, and
a polymer bearing at least one azide functional group.

US Pat. No. 9,230,318

ANALYSIS OF THE DIGITAL IMAGE OF THE EXTERNAL SURFACE OF A TYRE AND PROCESSING OF FALSE MEASUREMENT POINTS

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A method for processing an image of a surface of a tyre, in which a three-dimensional digital image of the surface is captured,
in which each pixel of a plurality of pixels of a plane of the image is assigned an item of information relating to an elevation
of the pixel with respect to the surface, the method comprising:
digitally processing the image by using a computer processor to:
utilize a morphological operator that includes an opening and a closing and that uses a structuring element of given size
and shape to perform a first transformation of the image of the surface so as to identify respective first-transformation
grey-level values of pixels situated abnormally above or below the surface;

determine elements of a plurality of contours of relief of the surface using a gradient- type morphological operator, and
then performing a thresholding operation to extract the plurality of contours of the relief of the surface; and

perform a second transformation of the image of the surface by assigning to each pixel of a contour a value of the plurality
of contours of relief of the surface a second-transformation grey-level value equal to the first-transformation grey-level
value for that pixel obtained from the first transformation;

wherein a result of the processing of the image is used to determine where the tyre is in compliance with a reference.

US Pat. No. 9,196,034

METHOD OF FAST ANALYSIS OF THE RELIEF ELEMENTS FEATURING ON THE INTERNAL SURFACE OF A TYRE

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A method of fast analysis of relief elements on an internal surface of a tyre, the method comprising steps of:
capturing a three-dimensional image of the internal surface of the tyre, each pixel (p(i,j)) of a plurality of pixels of the
captured image corresponding to a topographical elevation of a point of the tyre;

assigning to each pixel of the plurality of pixels of the captured image a greyscale value (g(p)) proportional to the topographical
elevation of a corresponding point of the tyre, so as to obtain a starting image;

transforming the starting image into an orthogonal reference frame (OXY) in which an abscissa axis (OX) represents a circumferential
direction and an ordinate axis (OY) represents a radial direction;

assigning to each pixel (p(x,y)) of a plurality of pixels of the transformed image an altitude gradient value (f(p)) by comparing
an elevation of a point corresponding to a pixel being considered (p) with elevations of a number of points arranged on a
straight line passing through the pixel being considered and oriented in the circumferential direction, wherein the number
of points is between 1 and 4.

US Pat. No. 9,180,732

NON-PNEUMATIC WHEEL ASSEMBLY WITH REMOVABLE HUB

Compagnie Generale des Et...

1. A non-pneumatic wheel assembly defining axial and radial directions, comprising:
an outer annular band providing a load bearing surface;
a plurality of web elements for supporting in tension a load applied to the wheel, said web elements extending axially across
and radially inward from said outer annual band;

a plurality of intersections integrally formed by the joining of adjacent pairs of said plurality of web elements along their
radially innermost portion;

a hub centrally located within said outer annular band and removably connected to said plurality of web elements;
a plurality of cylinders of unitary construction oriented longitudinally along the axial direction, each cylinder formed integrally
with a radially innermost portion of one of said plurality of intersections; and

a plurality of pins projecting along the axial direction from said hub, each of said pins removably received into said plurality
of cylinders.

US Pat. No. 9,168,793

TIRE WITH IMPROVED RESISTANCE TO SIDEWALL DAMAGE

MICHELIN RECHERCHE et TEC...

1. A tire having a sidewall and improved protection against obstacles damaging the sidewall, the tire having an equator, an
LPN, and an LPG, the tire also having tread blocks and tread grooves positioned along a shoulder of the tire, the tire comprising:
a plurality of block-based tread features located along the sidewall of the tire, each said block-based tread features positioned
along the sidewall of the tire at a location that is radially-outward of the equator, radially below the LPN, and within a
first area in which an obstacle would move along the sidewall of the tire if the obstacle slipped off a tread block as the
tire moved past the obstacle; and

a plurality of groove-based tread features located along the sidewall of the tire, each said groove-based tread features positioned
along the sidewall of the tire at a location that is radially above the LPN, radially below the LPG, and within a second area
in which an obstacle would move along the sidewall of the tire if the obstacle slipped off a tread groove as the tire moved
past the obstacle.

US Pat. No. 9,156,318

LIGHT TIRE COMPRISING A NON-RADIAL CARCASS STRUCTURE

Michelin Recherche et Tec...

1. A tire comprising:
at least one carcass-type reinforcing structure formed of at least one carcass reinforcing layer of mutually parallel reinforcing
elements making an angle, with a circumferential direction of the tire, of less than 75° and in excess of 65° at least in
a region of maximum axial width of the tire, and of less than 65° at least in an equatorial plane of the tire, said reinforcing
elements being anchored on each side of the tire to a bead, each bead extending radially outwards in a form of a sidewall,
the sidewalls extending radially outwards to meet a tread; and

under the tread, and radially on the outside of the carcass-type reinforcing structure, a crown reinforcing structure comprising
at least two superposed working layers of reinforcing elements making angles of between 10° and 55° with the circumferential
direction,

wherein, in the sidewalls, the tire comprises at least two axially adjacent portions of said carcass reinforcing layer,
wherein the reinforcing elements of said portions of said carcass reinforcing layer are directed on each side of a meridian
plane of the tire,

wherein the reinforcing elements of said at least two superposed working layers cross from one working layer to a next working
layer by an angle of 5° at most,

wherein, at least in the equatorial plane, the reinforcing elements of said at least two superposed working layers cross the
reinforcing elements of the carcass-type reinforcing structure at an angle greater than 40°,

wherein said at least one carcass reinforcing layer comprises a part that is turned back around a bead wire in the bead, and
wherein the end of said turned-back part of said carcass reinforcing layer is superposed on an end portion of said at least
two superposed working layers so that the end portion of the two superimposed working layers is between, on one side, a portion
of the carcass reinforcement layer between the bead wire and the equatorial plane and, on another side, said turned-back part
of said carcass reinforcing layer,

wherein said end of said turned-back part of said carcass reinforcing layer extends in the sidewalls, and
wherein an overlap of the portion of the carcass reinforcement layer between the bead wire and the equatorial plane and of
said turned-back part of said carcass reinforcing layer with said end of the end portion of the two superimposed working layers
there between is positioned only in the sidewalls.

US Pat. No. 10,073,009

TIRE UNIFORMITY IMPROVEMENT THROUGH MODIFIED SAMPLING OF UNIFORMITY PARAMETERS

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A system for improving the uniformity of a tire, the system comprising:a uniformity measurement machine configured to obtain uniformity measurements for the tire according to a non-uniform sampling pattern for one or more revolutions of a tire, the non-uniform sampling pattern having a plurality of data points; and
one or more computing devices coupled to the measurement machine, the one or more computing devices comprising one or more processors and at least one non-transitory computer readable medium, the at least one non-transitory computer readable medium storing computer-readable instructions that, when executed by the one or more processors, cause the one or more processors to perform operations, the operations comprising estimating a harmonic component of the uniformity parameter using the plurality of uniformity measurements;
wherein the non-uniform sampling pattern specifies an unequal spacing between the plurality of data points.

US Pat. No. 9,566,827

TIRE WORK STAND

Compagnie Generale des Et...

1. A tire work stand comprising;
a frame for supporting the tire work stand on a ground surface and for attaching a set of components to the tire work stand;
a plurality of rollers attached to the frame to support a tire above the ground surface and to permit rotation of the tire
during inspection of the tire, the rollers being rotatable about an axis of rotation concentric with an axis of the rollers;

a ramp having a first ramp end capable of extending from the ground surface and a second ramp end extending to a position
proximal to the frame, and

a bridge having a first bridge end extending from the second ramp end and a second bridge end extending to a position higher
than the crest of, above and proximal to a surface of at least one of the rollers, wherein the bridge acts to inhibit rotation
of the roller during loading of the tire and further permits rotation of the tire after the tire has been loaded on the tire
work stand.

US Pat. No. 9,561,628

FLEXIBLE GUIDE FOR TIRE REPAIR

Michelin Recherche et Tec...

1. A method for preparing a portion of a tire for repair, the tire having an aperture extending between an interior surface
and an exterior surface of the tire, the method comprising the steps of:
(a) providing a template having an elongated body, the body having a length at least equal to the length of a tire patch selected
for application to the tire adjacent the aperture, a width extending between a pair of opposed guide side edges extending
longitudinally along the body, a thickness, and a means for securing the template to the tire;

(b) securing the template to an interior surface of the tire by passing the means for securing through the aperture;
(c) providing a tool for forming a discontinuity in the interior surface of the tire, wherein the tool is a powered rotary
grinding tool and includes a rotary output shaft for transmitting rotational forces and a pair of abrading members operably
attached to the output shaft and co-axially aligned;

(d) forming with the tool, a discontinuity having a desired discontinuity depth in the interior surface of the tire along
each of the opposed guide side edges of the template while the tool is in engagement with the corresponding opposed guide
side edge to form a pair of discontinuities spaced apart and at least partially defining the sides of a tire patch application
area; and

(e) removing the template from the tire.
US Pat. No. 9,518,165

RUBBER COMPOSITION WITH LOW RESIN CROSSLINKING

Compagnie Generale des Et...

1. A tire component, the tire component comprising a rubber composition that is based upon a cross-linkable elastomer composition,
the cross-linkable elastomer composition comprising, per 100 parts by weight of rubber (phr):
a highly unsaturated diene elastomer;
a reinforcing filler;
a methylene acceptor selected from 3-hydroxydiphenylamine, 4-hydroxydiphenylamine and combinations thereof; and
a methylene donor, wherein a ratio of the methylene acceptor to the methylene donor is at least 15:1.

US Pat. No. 9,428,011

CORD RUBBERIZED IN SITU COMPRISING A COMPOSITION COMPRISING A STYRENE-BUTADIENE COPOLYMER

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A metal cord comprising a rubber composition used to rubberize the metal cord in situ, wherein the rubber composition includes
a styrene-butadiene copolymer, and wherein the styrene-butadiene copolymer includes:
styrene units at a proportion of between 27% and 31% by weight, limits included, of a total weight of the styrene-butadiene
copolymer, and

trans-1,4-bonds at a proportion of between 73% and 83% by weight, limits included, of a total weight of a butadiene part of
the styrene-butadiene copolymer.

US Pat. No. 9,389,280

DEVICE FOR MEASURING VOLTAGE IN A FUEL CELL WITH AN IMPROVED ARRANGEMENT OF MEASUREMENT MODULES

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A measurement device for measuring voltages of cells in a fuel cell that includes N electrochemical cells separated by
bipolar plates, with N being a natural number, the device comprising:
a plurality of voltage measurement modules, each module being capable of measuring M voltages on a group of adjoining cells
of the fuel cell, with M being a natural number, and with M?N/2, wherein a group of cells measured by a first module is adjacent
to a group of cells measured by a second module; and

a wired communication bus connecting in series the modules to an electronic computer, wherein each module includes:
a mechanical connector for fixing the module onto the fuel cell,
an electronic voltage measurement device,
an electrical connector for connecting bipolar plates of the module to the electronic voltage measurement device, and
a connector for connecting the electronic voltage measurement device to the communication bus, and
wherein each module is shaped to cooperate with an adjacent module in such a way that a last bipolar plate connected to the
first module also is connected to the second module.

US Pat. No. 9,242,516

POWER COMPONENT AND INSTRUMENTED TYRE

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. An instrumented tyre for a vehicle wheel, the tyre comprising:
a wall; and
an object attached to the wall at a given location,
wherein the object is held in suspension in a soft substance,
wherein the object is attached to the wall via the soft substance,
wherein the soft substance has a deformability under stress that is greater than a deformability under stress of a material
forming the wall at the given location,

wherein the soft substance has a secant modulus of elasticity in extension of less than 0.3 MPa at 10% deformation and at
ambient temperature, and

wherein the soft substance is elastically deformable such that the soft substance deforms from an initial shape to a stressed
shape when under stress, and the soft substance returns to the initial shape when the stress is removed.

US Pat. No. 9,211,767

TREAD WITH INCISIONS

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A tread for a passenger-vehicle tire, this tread having radially on the outside a running surface designed to come into
contact with the road surface when running, this tread comprising a plurality of elements delimited by cutouts, at least certain
of these elements being provided with at least one incision delimited by two opposite faces, this incision consisting of a
succession of thin sections and of thick sections placed in an alternating manner, wherein each thin section is inclined at
an average angle A equal to no more than 40 degrees, this angle being measured relative to a direction perpendicular to the
running surface of the tread and passing through the points of the incision on the running surface of the tread, wherein each
thick section makes an average angle B of between 60 degrees and 120 degrees with a direction perpendicular to the running
surface of the tread, and wherein the thin sections have a width e less than the width E of the thick sections, the width
of the thin sections being such that, when they go through the contact patch, the walls delimiting the thin sections are in
contact, and the width of the thick sections being such that, when they go through the contact patch, the walls delimiting
the thick sections are not in contact;
wherein the thin sections of incision have a width equal to no more than 0.4 mm, and wherein the thick sections of incision
have a width of more than 0.4 mm, the difference between the widths of the thin sections and of the thick sections being at
least equal to 0.2 mm.

US Pat. No. 9,189,841

METHOD OF CHECKING THE APPEARANCE OF THE SURFACE OF A TYRE

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A method of detecting an anomaly on an internal surface of a tyre through digital processing of an image of the internal
surface of the tyre, the method comprising steps of:
capturing a grey-level original image (f) of the internal surface of the tyre and transforming the original grey-level image
into an orthonormal space, in which an x-axis (OX) represents a circumferential direction, and in which a y-axis (OY) represents
a radial direction;

transforming the original grey-level image using a predetermined series of filters (F1f, F2f, . . . FLf), to obtain a multivariate original image;

splitting the multivariate original image into multivariate sub-images (WFk), to obtain predefined tiling in the axial direction and the circumferential direction;

transforming each of the multivariate sub-images is transformed into one-dimensional vectors using a given descriptor (H,
G, . . . N), to obtain a simplified multivariate image (KWF, GWF . . . , HWF) formed from a collation of the vectors;

reducing a number of dimensions of the simplified multivariate image data using a data analysis tool, to obtain a reduced
factorial space; and,

in the reduced factorial space, evaluating a distribution of sub-images containing an anomaly in relation to a distribution
of sub-images containing no anomaly, in order to assess a separating power of the given descriptor.

US Pat. No. 9,156,315

TIRE USING A REINFORCING STRUCTURE WITH FIBRES OF FLATTENED CROSS SECTION

Michelin Recherche et Tec...

1. A tire comprising an airtight rubber cover and a reinforcing structure essentially formed of a plurality of fibres individually
embedded in the rubber and arranged in several layers, wherein:
the reinforcing structure is formed of a carcass layer, of a crown layer, and of connecting means,
each fibre of the carcass layer makes a first angle of between 75 and 90 degrees with a median plane perpendicular to the
axis of the tire,

each fibre of the crown layer makes a second angle of between 0 and 15 degrees with the median plane of the tire,
at least some of the fibres of the carcass layer and at least some of the fibres of the crown layer each have a completely
connected cross section of flattened shape with first and second mutually orthogonal dimensions of which the first, or thickness,
is less than the second dimension, or width, and runs in a substantially radial direction of the tire,

said fibres of flattened cross section are made of a material chosen from the group comprising steel, aluminium, glass, a
polymer belonging to the family of polyester, polyethylene, polyamide, aramid or polyvinyl alcohol, a composite formed of
filaments of glass or of such a polymer embedded in a resin, and a composite of polyethylene filaments coated with resorcinol-formaldehyde-latex,

the connecting means comprise at least connecting points directly and individually connecting the fibres of flattened cross
section belonging to the carcass layer to each fibre of flattened cross section belonging to the crown layer, the carcass
layer and the crown layer thus together forming a grid structure,

the fibres of flattened cross section belonging to the carcass and crown layers are made of a composite formed of filaments
embedded in a primary and secondary resin, and

the connecting points are created by connecting the secondary resin of the fibres of the carcass layer with the secondary
resin of the fibres of the crown layer.

US Pat. No. 9,120,280

TIRE UNIFORMITY THROUGH IDENTIFICATION OF PROCESS SIGNATURES

MICHELIN RECHERCHE et TEC...

1. A method for improving the uniformity of tires in tire manufacture, comprising:
providing a set of test tires manufactured in a known order;
identifying at least one candidate cyclic process effect and a corresponding rate of introduction of the at least one candidate
cyclic process effect, the at least one candidate cyclic process effect having a period that does not fit an integer number
of times within a tire circumference associated with the set of test tires;

measuring a given uniformity parameter for each tire in the set of test tires, wherein the measured uniformity parameter contains
one or more tire harmonics and process harmonics;

concatenating measured data points for the set of test tires into a concatenated composite waveform;
separating at least one process harmonic associated with each of the at least one candidate cyclic process effects from the
tire harmonics in the concatenated composite waveform; and

building a new tire to improve uniformity based on knowledge of each separated process harmonic.

US Pat. No. 9,108,471

TIRE BEAD FOR HEAVY CIVIL ENGINEERING VEHICLE

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A tire for a heavy vehicle of the civil engineering type, comprising:
two beads configured to come into contact with a rim; and
a carcass reinforcement comprising at least one carcass reinforcement layer having metal reinforcing elements, said at least
one carcass reinforcement layer comprising a main portion of carcass reinforcement that, in each of said two beads, is wound
from the inside towards the outside of the tire, around a bead wire core to form a turned-back portion of carcass reinforcement,
each of said two beads comprising a filler element extending said bead wire core radially outwards, said filler element having,
in any meridian plane, a substantially triangular cross section and being formed of at least two filler polymer materials,
a first filler polymer material being radially innermost and in contact with said bead wire core, a second filler polymer
material being radially on the outside of said first filler polymer material and having an elastic modulus at 10% elongation
that is less than the elastic modulus at 10% elongation of said first filler polymer material,

wherein a transition element, made of a transition polymer material, is in contact, via its radially internal face, with said
first filler polymer material and in contact, via its radially external face, with said second filler polymer material,

wherein said transition element is positioned between said first and second filler polymer materials such that said first
and second filler polymer materials have no direct contact with each other,

wherein the elastic modulus at 10% elongation of said transition polymer material is somewhere between the respective elastic
moduli at 10% elongation of said first and second filler polymer materials,

wherein said radially internal face of said transition element is in continuous contact with said main portion of carcass
reinforcement between a first point of contact and a last point of contact which is the radially outermost point of said transition
element, and

wherein the thickness of said transition element is at most equal to 0.5 times the distance between the end of said turned-back
portion of carcass reinforcement and said main portion of carcass reinforcement.

US Pat. No. 9,089,997

EQUIPMENT AND METHOD FOR SYNCHRONIZING AN INTERNAL MIXER

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

3. An installation for production of a rubber mass comprising a tank for mixing of the rubber mass and mechanical mixing means
for mixing of the rubber mass in the tank, the installation comprising:
an opening for discharge of the rubber mass;
a door for shutting of the opening which is mobile between:
a position of shutting of the opening,
a position of release of the opening; and
means for displacement of the door and means for synchronization between the means for displacement of the door and the mechanical
mixing means, the means for synchronization being able to control the implementation of the following steps:

mixing the rubber mass in the tank by the mechanical mixing means;
then, interrupting movement of the mechanical mixing means for mixing of the rubber mass;
then, with the mechanical mixing means stopped, opening the tank by displacing the door for shutting of the opening for discharge
of the rubber mass from the tank, according to an opening trajectory between the position of shutting of the opening, towards
the position of release of the opening; the positions of shutting and release corresponding to the ends of the opening trajectory;

then, with the tank open, restarting the movement of the mechanical mixing means for mixing of the rubber mass when the door
is in a predetermined intermediate position of its trajectory between the positions of shutting and release.

US Pat. No. 9,649,891

TIRE WITH BEAD HAVING SPECIFIED BEAD FILLER AND RIGIDIFYING REINFORCEMENT

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

11. A tire comprising:
two beads shaped and positioned to come into contact with a standard mounting rim, each bead comprising at least one annular
reinforcing structure;

two sidewalls extending from the beads radially outward, the two sidewalls joining in a crown comprising a crown reinforcement,
surmounted by a tread; and

a carcass reinforcement extending from the beads through the sidewalls to the crown, the carcass reinforcement comprising
a plurality of carcass reinforcing elements and being anchored in the two beads by a turn-up around the at least one annular
reinforcing structure in such a way as to form in each bead a main portion and a wrapped-around portion, each wrapped-around
portion extending radially outward to an end located at a radial distance DRE from the radially innermost point of the at
least one annular reinforcing structure of the bead, the radial distance DRE being greater than or equal to 5% and less than
or equal to 20% of the radial height H of the tire, wherein the radial height H of the tire is a radial distance from the
radially innermost point of the at least one annular reinforcing structure of the bead to a radially outermost point of the
tread when the tire is mounted on the standard mounting rim and is inflated to a working pressure;

wherein each bead comprises a bead filler formed from a rubber compound, the bead filler being located, at least partially,
radially outside of the at least one annular reinforcing structure and at least partially between the main portion and the
wrapped-around portion of the carcass reinforcement, the bead filler extending radially up to a radial distance DBE from a
radially innermost point of the at least one annular reinforcing structure of the bead, the radial distance DBE being less
than or equal to 10% of a radial height H of the tire,

wherein a sidewall of the tire at any radial height less than or equal to 40% of the radial height H of the tire also comprises
a rigidifying reinforcement formed from a plurality of metal reinforcing elements oriented along an angle less than or equal
to 10 degrees relative to a circumferential direction of the tire, said rigidifying reinforcement being positioned such that
the distance DAE between the radially innermost point of the at least one annular reinforcing structure and the radially outer
end of the rigidifying reinforcement is greater than or equal to 20% and less than or equal to 40% of the radial height H
of the tire and such that the distance DAI between the radially innermost point of the at least one annular reinforcing structure
and the radially inner end of the rigidifying reinforcement is less than or equal to 20% of the radial height H of the tire,
and

wherein the bead filler has an axial thickness E(r), this axial thickness being the length of the intersection of the bead
filler with a straight line parallel to the axis of rotation of the tire and having an intersection with the bead filler at
a radial distance r from the radially innermost point of the at least one annular reinforcing structure, the value of the
axial thickness E(r) being such that, in the range of distances r between 0% and 10% of the radial height H of the tire, the
variation of the axial thickness

is less than or equal to 1 mm/mm over at least 1.5% of the radial height H of the tire.

US Pat. No. 9,266,399

TIRE WITH IMPROVED BEADS

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A tire comprising:
two beads designed to come into contact with a mounting rim, each bead comprising at least one annular reinforcing structure;
two sidewalls extending the beads radially outwards, the two sidewalls meeting in a crown comprising a crown reinforcement
surmounted by a tread;

at least one carcass reinforcement extending from the beads through the sidewalls as far as the crown, the carcass reinforcement
comprising a plurality of carcass reinforcing elements and being anchored in the two beads by being wrapped around the annular
reinforcing structure so as to form, within each bead, a main portion and a wrapped-around portion, each wrapped-around portion
extending radially outwards as far as an end situated a radial distance DRR from the innermost point of the annular reinforcing
structure of the bead, the radial distance DRR being greater than or equal to 7%, and less than or equal to 85%, of the radial
height H of the tire;

wherein each bead comprises a bead filler, the bead filler being situated radially on the outside of the annular reinforcing
structure and at least partially between the main portion and the wrapped-around portion of the carcass reinforcement, the
bead filler extending radially outwards from the radially innermost point of the annular reinforcing structure of the bead
as far as a radial distance DRB from the said point, the radial distance DRB being less than 20% of the radial height H of
the tire,

wherein each bead further comprises an outer strip positioned axially on the outside of the carcass reinforcement and of the
bead filler, each outer strip extending radially between a radially inner end of the outer strip and a radially outer end
of the outer strip, the radially inner end of the outer strip being situated at a distance DRI from the radially innermost
point of the annular reinforcing structure of the bead, the radial distance DRI being less than or equal to 20% of the radial
height H of the tire, the radially outer end of the outer strip being situated at a distance DRL from the radially innermost
point of the annular reinforcing structure of the bead, the radial distance DRL being greater than or equal to 25% of the
radial height H of the tire,

wherein the bead filler and the outer strip are made of a rubber compound that has an elastic modulus G? less than or equal
to 15 MPa and a viscous modulus G? such that:

G?[MPa]?0.2·G?[MPa]?0.2 MPa,
the elastic and viscous moduli being measured at 23° C.;
wherein the entity formed by the bead filler and the outer strip has a thickness E(r), this thickness corresponding to the
length of the intersection of the direction perpendicular to the main portion of the carcass reinforcement with said entity,
r denoting the distance separating the intersection of said direction perpendicular to the main portion of the carcass reinforcement
from the radially innermost point of the annular reinforcing structure, the thickness E(r) changing as a function of the distance
r such that, in the range of distances r comprised between 25 and 45% of the height H of the tire, the variation in thickness

is less than or equal to ?0.25 mm/mm over at least 4% of the height H of the tire,
and wherein said at least one annular reinforcing structure has a maximum axial width DE such that the ratio,
where E(r)max is the maximum value of the thickness E(r), is less than or equal to 10%.

US Pat. No. 9,205,707

PNEUMATIC TIRE TREAD

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A pneumatic tire having a tread that is formed from a rubber composition and that contacts the road surface when the tire
rolls, comprising:
a tread portion, in which is formed at least one primary groove of depth D and width W having a base surface and two opposing
walls, and

multiple flexible fences of thickness E, which extend inside the primary groove such that at least 70% of the cross-sectional
area of the primary groove is blocked and which are disposed at intervals such that at least one of the multiple flexible
fences is in the primary groove in the tread contact patch when the tire is rolling,

wherein the multiple flexible fences are formed from at least a rubber composition for fences that is different from the rubber
composition for the tread portion; the rubber composition of the flexible fences has an abrasion index that is greater than
or equal to twice the abrasion index of the rubber composition of the tread portion; and the rubber composition for fences
comprises a filler composition that is based on

(a) a diene elastomer,
(b) a filler A, which is more than 50 phr of filler A in which the filler particles are nanoparticles having an average grain
size (by weight average) smaller than 500 nm; and

(c) a filler B, which is more than 50 phr of filler B in which the filler particles are microparticles having a median grain
size (by weight average) larger than 1 ?m.

US Pat. No. 9,077,229

INSTALLATION OF A RESOLVER IN A ROTATING ELECTRICAL MACHINE

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A rotating electrical machine comprising:
a casing;
a machine stator attached to the casing;
a machine rotor positioned in the machine stator on a machine shaft, the shaft defining a rotation axis of the machine, wherein
the machine shaft is mounted on one side of the machine rotor, in a rotation bearing secured axially on the machine shaft
and centered in a bearing surface connected to the casing, and wherein the machine rotor is insertable into the casing by
a relative movement between the machine stator and the machine rotor parallel to the rotation axis of the machine;

an internal passageway in the casing, the internal passageway being traversed by an extension of the machine shaft beyond
the rotation bearing;

a resolver including a resolver rotor having an external diameter that is smaller than a diameter of the internal passageway,
wherein the resolver rotor is attached to the extension of the machine shaft and is insertable into a cavity of a resolver
stator via the relative movement, such that when the resolver rotor is inserted into the cavity of the resolver stator a resolver
air gap is present between radial walls facing the resolver rotor and the resolver stator; and

a centring interface between the rotation bearing of the machine shaft and the supporting surface in the casing,
wherein a distance D1, measured along an axis of the machine shaft, between a first position (i) of an engagement point of an external radial wall
of the rotation bearing with a supporting surface in the casing, the first position (i) being most advanced towards a free
end of the extension of the machine shaft, and a second position (ii) of a point or ridge of a sector of maximum diameter
in an external radial wall of the resolver rotor, the second position (ii) being most advanced towards the free end of the
extension of the machine shaft, is less than a distance D2, measured axially in the casing, between a third position (i) of an engagement point of an internal radial wall of the supporting
surface with the external radial wall of the rotation bearing, the third position being most advanced in a direction of the
machine stator, and a fourth position (ii) of a point or ridge of a sector of minimum diameter in an internal radial wall
of the resolver stator, the fourth position being most advanced in the direction of the machine stator,

wherein the external radial wall of the bearing, on a side corresponding to the free end of the extension of the machine shaft,
has a first sector suitable for coming into contact with a second sector in the internal radial wall of the supporting surface
of the rotation bearing on a side corresponding to the machine stator in the casing, and

wherein at least one of the first and second sectors is profiled with a diameter that decreases axially in the longitudinal
direction going from the machine rotor and the machine stator to the resolver.

US Pat. No. 10,030,131

PNEUMATIC OBJECT PROVIDED WITH A GASTIGHT LAYER CONTAINING A THERMOPLASTIC ELASTOMER AND A THERMOPLASTIC

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. An inflatable article comprising an airtight elastomer layer composition, wherein the airtight elastomer layer composition includes:a thermoplastic polyisobutylene block elastomer as a sole elastomer or as a predominant elastomer by weight, the thermoplastic polyisobutylene block elastomer being composed of rigid thermoplastic sequences connected via flexible elastomer sequences, and
hot-melt polymer microdomains comprising a thermoplastic material,
wherein the thermoplastic material of the hot-melt polymer microdomains is at a volume content of 3% to 50% of the airtight elastomer layer composition.

US Pat. No. 9,650,492

RUBBER COMPOSITION FOR TIRES COMPRISING AN ACETYLACETONATE COMPOUND

Michelin Recherche et Tec...

1. A rubber composition, usable in particular in the manufacture of a tire, comprising at least a diene elastomer, that is
natural rubber, between 30 and 150 phr of a reinforcing filler, a crosslinking system, between 0.2 and 10 phr of an antioxidant
and between 0.2 and 10 phr of an alkali metal or alkaline earth metal acetylacetonate.
US Pat. No. 9,505,890

METHOD FOR PREPARING A MASTERBATCH OF NATURAL RUBBER AND MAGNESIUM-DOPED SILICA

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A method for preparing a masterbatch of silica/natural rubber comprising:
doping a silica with magnesium thereby obtaining a doped silica, wherein the level of magnesium doping in the silica is from
0.4 to 0.9% by weight per 100 parts by weight of silica;

preparing at least one dispersion of the resulting doped silica in water;
bringing a concentrated natural rubber latex into contact with the aqueous doped-silica dispersion, wherein the concentrated
natural rubber latex and the aqueous doped-silica dispersion have a formulation pH upon contact with one another of greater
than or equal to 8.5;

mixing the concentrated natural rubber latex and the aqueous doped-silica dispersion together, thereby obtaining a coagulum;
recovering the coagulum; and
drying the recovered coagulum, thereby obtaining the masterbatch.

US Pat. No. 9,421,725

MOLDING ELEMENT COMPRISING CUTTING MEANS FOR MOLDING AND VULCANIZING A TIRE TREAD

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A molding element of a mold for molding and vulcanizing a tire tread, this tread comprising
a tread surface intended to come into contact with the ground when the tire is rolling, this molding element comprising
a molding surface adapted to mold part of the tire tread surface and
a blade adapted to mold a sipe or a groove in the tread,
wherein the molding element has two lamella positioned on either side of the blade at a distance from this blade, each lamella
having a bulge at one extremity far away from the molding surface and each lamella has cutting means extending from the bulge.

US Pat. No. 9,421,748

TIRE OPERATING SURFACE FOR TIRE TESTING ROAD WHEEL

Compagnie Generale Des Et...

1. A method of forming a tire operating surface for a road wheel, the method comprising the steps of:
providing a longitudinally convex bonding surface for receiving a textured tire operating surface, the bonding surface being
associated with a radially outer side of a rotatable road wheel and having a width and a convex length extending along an
arcuate path;

applying adhesive material of a pre-determined thickness along the longitudinally convex bonding surface to form a coated
bonding surface comprising a longitudinally convex layer of adhesive material arranged along the bonding surface;

arranging a single layer of aggregate material along a retention surface;
placing a width of the longitudinally convex layer of adhesive material of the coated bonding surface into engagement with
the single layer of aggregate; and,

rotating the coated bonding surface in a lengthwise direction relative the retention surface until a length of the convex
layer of adhesive material has engaged the single layer of aggregate, whereby the engaged aggregate remains affixed to the
layer of adhesive material subsequent rotation to effectively transfer the engaged aggregate from the retention surface to
the coated bonding surface to coat the layer of adhesive material with aggregate and thereby affixing the single layer of
aggregate along the bonding surface to form a tire operating surface along the bonding surface.

US Pat. No. 9,409,233

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A MOLDING ELEMENT BY FRITTING WITH A COMPLETELY PLANAR UNFRITTED PORTION, AND CORRESPONDING MOLDING ELEMENT

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

7. A molding element for a tire mold comprising:
a sintered part manufactured from a metallic powder that has been fused layer by layer, the sintered part comprising a shell
and a core internal to the shell and formed as one piece with the shell, the core comprising a meshed structure comprising
a plurality of cavities, wherein the molding element comprises a non-sintered part attached to the sintered part of the molding
element by fused metallic powder, and wherein the junction between the sintered part and the non-sintered part of the molding
element is completely flat,

wherein the non-sintered part is machined so that a surface of the non-sintered part that meets a surface of the sintered
part at the junction is exactly the same size as the surface of the sintered part at the junction.

US Pat. No. 9,070,069

SPRING ORIENTED RFID BOARD

MICHELIN RECHERCHE et TEC...

1. An RFD device for integration into a tire, comprising:
a printed circuit board (PCB) having top and bottom surfaces delineated by opposed end portions and opposed side portions;
a plurality of conductive traces on the top surface of said PCB;
a pair of asymmetric arms extending from one end of said PCB forming a notch;
a plated through via piercing the PCB from the top surface to the bottom surface;
a conductive trace element surrounding said via at the top surface of said PCB, the trace element electrically coupled to
the plurality of conductive traces; and,

a helically wound antenna element having an end portion positioned within said notch and within a plane defined by the top
surface of the PCB,

wherein said helically wound antenna element is wound with a predetermined pitch, wherein said pair of asymmetric arms differ
in length by one half the predetermined pitch, and wherein both of said pair of asymmetric arms extends so that each of said
pair of asymmetric arms ends aligned with the nearest approach of said helically wound antenna element.

US Pat. No. 9,692,092

BATTERY PACK FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A battery pack, comprising:
a battery module including a plurality of battery cells; and
at least one cooling device,
wherein each cooling device of the at least one cooling device includes:
a heat collecting plate,
a heat duct, and
a heat dissipating element, and
wherein, for each cooling device of the at least one cooling device:
the heat collecting plate is in contact with an outer surface of at least one battery cell of the plurality of battery cells,
the heat duct is in contact with the heat collecting plate,
the heat dissipating element has a circular orifice in which the heat duct is positioned,
the heat duct contains a fluid, and
a connection between the heat dissipating element and the heat duct is tinned.

US Pat. No. 9,688,106

NOISE-REDUCING DEVICE INTENDED TO BE INSERTED INTO A GROOVE IN THE TREAD OF A TIRE AND TIRE COMPRISING A DEVICE OF THIS TYPE

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A noise-reducing device in a groove of a tread of a tire, the device comprising
an elastic sole extending in a longitudinal direction, the sole being substantially flat and disposed in a substantially flat
bottom wall of the groove,

one or more grooves of depth (h) and of width (w),
wherein the sole comprises a face having one or more flexible walls extending therefrom,
each flexible wall having a plane that extends substantially perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of the sole, and
wherein a plurality of the flexible walls are spaced apart in the longitudinal direction by a length of between 10 mm and
50 mm, and

at least one groove comprises at least one noise-reducing device, and
the noise-reducing device is bonded to the radially internal wall of the groove of the tire, by only the elastic sole,
the sole comprises two longitudinal ends that taper in the thickness direction, wherein the circumference of the sole is less
than the circumference of the bottom of the groove of the tire.

US Pat. No. 9,611,380

ELASTOMERIC COMPOSITION EXHIBITING GOOD DISPERSION OF THE FILLER IN THE ELASTOMERIC MATRIX

MICHELIN RECHERCHE ET TEC...

1. A process for obtaining a composition based on at least one diene elastomer, a reinforcing filler comprising at least carbon
black and an inorganic filler with an inorganic filler content of less than or equal to 50 parts by weight per hundred parts
of elastomer, which comprises the following steps:
preparing a first masterbatch comprising the diene elastomer and the carbon black, this first masterbatch having a dispersion
of the reinforcing filler in the elastomeric matrix that has a Z value greater than or equal to 90,

the step of preparing the first masterbatch including forming a coagulated mixture of the diene elastomer and the carbon black,
and drying the coagulated mixture in order to recover the first masterbatch,

incorporating the inorganic filler, the second elastomer and the other constituents of the composition, with the exception
of the crosslinking system, into the dried first masterbatch in a mixer, everything being kneaded thermomechanically until
a maximum temperature of between 130° C. and 200° C. is reached,

cooling the combined mixture to a temperature below 100° C.,
subsequently incorporating: the crosslinking system, kneading everything up to a maximum temperature below 120° C.
US Pat. No. 9,556,329

METHOD FOR MAKING A SELF-SEALING COMPOSITION

Michelin Recherche et Tec...

1. A process for manufacturing a self-sealing elastomer composition, comprising the steps of:
a) a masterbatch, comprising at least one unsaturated diene elastomer and between 40 and 80 phr of a hydrocarbon resin, is
firstly manufactured by compounding the at least one unsaturated diene elastomer and hydrocarbon resin in a mixer at a temperature
or up to a temperature called the “hot compounding” temperature which is above the softening point of the hydrocarbon resin,
wherein the at least one unsaturated diene elastomer comprises a greater than 50 phr primary unsaturated diene elastomer selected
from the group consisting of polybutadienes, natural rubber, synthetic polyisoprenes, butadiene copolymers, isoprene copolymers,
and mixtures thereof;

b) then at least one crosslinking system is incorporated into the masterbatch thus prepared, by compounding everything in
the same mixer or in a different mixer, at a temperature or up to a temperature which is kept below 100° C., in order to obtain
said self-sealing composition; and

c) optionally a filler is added with a content between 0 and 30 phr during step 2) or step b),
wherein during the hot compounding step a), the unsaturated diene elastomer is brought into contact with the hydrocarbon resin
in the liquid state,

wherein the hydrocarbon resin is injected in the liquid state into the same mixer or a different mixer, and
wherein said hydrocarbon resin has a glass transition temperature (Tg) above 25° C., a softening point above 50° C., a number-average
molecular weight (Mn) of between 400 and 2000 g/mol, and a polydispersity index (Ip) of less than 3 (where Ip=Mw/Mn, and Mw
is the weight-average molecular weight).

US Pat. No. 9,539,777

TYRE EQUIPPED FOR ATTACHING AN OBJECT TO THE WALL THEREOF AND METHOD FOR MAKING SAME

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A method for making a tyre that includes a wall to which a functional object can be attached in a service position using
a touch-close type attachment, the attachment including a first part fixed to the wall and a second part suitable for joining
mechanically to the first part by connection elements when the first and second parts are brought together to keep the object
on the wall, the method comprising:
during a green assembly of components of a green tyre, depositing on a surface of an uncured casing a thread shaped in at
least a transverse dimension relative to the surface, on a rubber innerliner suitable for placing in contact with a moulding
surface; and

curing the green tyre so that portions of the shaped thread pass through the rubber innerliner and so that thread elements
protrude from an inside surface of the rubber innerliner after demoulding, the thread elements being suitable for acting as
connection elements for the first part of the attachment.

US Pat. No. 9,527,350

TIRE FOR DRIVING ON ICE

Michelin Recherche et Tec...

1. A tire for driving on ice, comprising:
a tread having a rolling surface configured to come into contact with the ground when the tire is rolling along;
at least one substantially cylindrical stud having a longitudinal axis, a part of the stud projecting from a tread block on
the rolling surface, the intersection between the stud and the plane tangential to the portion of the rolling surface around
the stud forming a contour C, that part of the stud that projects from the rolling surface having a minimum cross section
Sm, Sm corresponding to the smallest cross section of the said part in any plane containing the radial direction that passes
through the point of intersection between the longitudinal axis of the stud and the plane tangential to the portion of the
rolling surface around the stud; and

at least two recesses in the tread block, each recess forming, on the rolling surface, a closed contour G, the recesses being
associated with the stud in that the minimum distance D between the contours C and G is less than or equal to 1 cm;

wherein, for each stud, the sum of the volumes Vn of the recesses associated with the stud, expressed in mm3, is greater than or equal to the product of the minimum cross section Sm of that part of the stud that projects from the
tread, expressed in mm2, multiplied by a length of 50 mm.

US Pat. No. 9,333,718

VULCANIZING MOULD FOR MOULDING AND VULCANIZING A TIRE

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A vulcanizing mould for moulding and vulcanizing a tire, comprising a moulding surface extending circumferentially and
assembled from mould segments, the moulding surface comprising:
two opposed edges, each of which extend circumferentially;
two end strips, each arranged adjacent to a respective edge and each comprising a sequence of end strip patterns arranged
circumferentially, each end strip pattern conforming to an end strip pattern type, comprising:

an end strip pattern design comprising collection of protrusions and hollows arranged in a predetermined manner, and
an end strip pattern width, measured in the circumferential direction, and
wherein:
each end strip comprises end strip patterns belonging to at least three different end strip pattern types, a first pattern
type, a second pattern type, and a third pattern type, each having the same end strip pattern design but different end strip
pattern widths;

in at least one end strip the end strip pattern types are of the same pattern design;
the end strip widths of the sequence of end strip patterns sum to the circumference of the moulding surface;
each end strip comprises end strip patterns arranged in a predefined sequence as a function of the end strip width of their
end strip pattern type, such that:

a first mould segment (S1) comprises groups of at least two end strip patterns (M1, M2) of the first end strip pattern type having an end strip pattern width less than that of the second and third end strip pattern
type, and

second mould segments (S2, S3) comprise a single end strip pattern (M3, M4) not belonging to the first end strip pattern type; and

at least one intermediate strip positioned between the two end strips, comprising a sequence of intermediate strip patterns
arranged circumferentially, each intermediate strip pattern conforming to an intermediate strip pattern type comprising:

an intermediate strip pattern design comprising collection of protrusions and hollows arranged in a predetermined manner,
and

an intermediate strip pattern width, measured in the circumferential direction.

US Pat. No. 9,216,520

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A RUBBER COMPOSITION

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A process for the manufacture of a rubber composition comprising as base elastomers, reinforcing fillers, additives and
a vulcanization system, comprising the following stages:
A—using a continuous mixing device comprising a mixing chamber comprising at least one rotor rotating in a stator and extending
between an upstream end and a downstream end, between which the material gradually advances, and comprising appliances for
metering and forced introduction of the base elastomer or elastomers, driving back the base elastomers through a pipeline
emerging upstream of the mixing chamber, a starting rubber composition comprising reinforcing fillers is produced, wherein
said produced starting rubber composition does not include the vulcanization system, the operating parameters for the continuous
mixing device being chosen so that:

a—the residence time of the elastomer in the mixing chamber is between 20 and 60 seconds,
b—the specific energy conferred on the rubber composition is between 2000 joules/gram and 5000 joules/gram,
B—at the outlet for the starting rubber composition from the mixing chamber, the temperature of the said starting rubber composition
is lowered to a temperature of less than 140° C. in less than 5 minutes.

US Pat. No. 9,207,150

TREAD SURFACE STRUCTURES FOR MUD EVACUATION

Compagnie Generale des Et...

1. A tire with a tread having circumferential and axial directions, said tread comprising staggered outside tread blocks located
in a shoulder region of the tread and ridges with pockets formed therein found on bottom surfaces of a plurality of shoulder
grooves found on the tread, wherein the staggered outside tread block outside wall is offset by an axial distance from an
adjacent outside tread block outside wall.

US Pat. No. 9,187,620

RUBBER COMPOSITION COMPRISING A THIADIAZOLE

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A rubber composition for the manufacture of tires, comprising one or more diene elastomers, on one or more reinforcing
fillers and a vulcanization system, wherein the vulcanization system comprises one or more thiadiazole compounds of formula:

where
R1 represents H or a C1-C25-hydrocarbon group selected from the group consisting of linear, branched or cyclic alkyl groups and aryl groups,

R2 represents:

a linear or branched C1-C25 alkyl group which is optionally interrupted by one or more heteroatoms selected from the group consisting of nitrogen, sulphur,
and oxygen atoms and which is optionally substituted by one or more cyclic C3-C10 alkyl or C6-C12 aryl groups, or

a cyclic C3-C10 alkyl group which is optionally interrupted by one or more heteroatoms selected from the group consisting of nitrogen, sulphur,
and oxygen atoms and which is optionally substituted by one or more linear, branched or cyclic C1-C25 alkyl or C6-C12 aryl groups which are optionally interrupted by one or more heteroatoms selected from the group consisting of nitrogen, sulphur,
and oxygen atoms.

US Pat. No. 9,115,447

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR EXTRACTING WEFTS IN A REINFORCING PLY INTENDED FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF A TIRE

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A device intended for extracting weft threads (T) arranged transversely in a ply made of straight-thread reinforcing threads
(F) comprising:
a hook capable of gripping a weft thread (T) by performing an alternating movement between a high position and a low position,
a disengageable anvil capable of moving along a path (XX?) of the hook so that, when the device is in operation,
the anvil is engaged in contact with the hook during all or part of the descending movement of said hook, thereby forming
a clamp capable of holding a section of weft between the hook and the anvil, and

the anvil is disengaged from contact with said hook during the remainder of the travel of the hook, whereby the hook is able
to engage a weft thread (T) and to release a section of weft (T?).

US Pat. No. 9,593,226

COMPOSITION CONTAINING A PARTICULAR DIENE ELASTOMER AND A CARBON BLACK HAVING A PARTICULAR SPECIFIC SURFACE AREA

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A rubber composition based on one or more functionalized diene elastomers and, as predominant filler, on one or more carbon
blacks with a CTAB specific surface varying from 100 to 200 m2/g, the functionalized diene elastomer or elastomers being composed:
a) of a diene elastomer functionalized, in the middle of the chain, by a tin functional group and corresponding to the following
formula:

[A]n-X-[A]m
where n and m are integers of greater than 0, such that n+m=2,
b) of a content of less than 15% by weight, with respect to the total weight of the functionalized diene elastomer, of a non-tin-functional
elastomer corresponding to the following formula:

[A]
where:
A is a diene elastomer, the A blocks being identical to one another,
X is a tin-comprising group,
the elastomer A exhibits a monomodal distribution of molecular weights before optional functionalization and a polydispersity
index before optional functionalization of less than or equal to 1.3.

US Pat. No. 9,569,563

METHOD FOR PREDICTION AND CONTROL OF HARMONIC COMPONENTS OF TIRE UNIFORMITY PARAMETERS

MICHELIN RECHERCHE et TEC...

1. A method of electronically determining uneven mass distribution levels for a production tire based on measured radial run
out values, said method comprising:
electronically establishing a calibration curve for one or more test tires that correlates at least one harmonic of interest
for measured radial run out to electronically calculated centripetal force;

measuring on a tire measurement apparatus the radial run out for the production tire having unknown uneven mass distribution,
and isolating at least one harmonic of interest from the measured radial run out;

electronically mapping the at least one harmonic of interest of the measured radial run out for the production tire to centripetal
force using the calibration curve; and

electronically calculating the uneven mass distribution for the production tire from the centripetal force identified from
said electronically mapping step; and

grinding or adding extra mass to the production tire to reduce levels of uneven mass distribution identified in the production
tire.

US Pat. No. 9,561,631

MOLD FOR TIRE HAVING AN ANNULAR INSERT WITH A CONCENTRIC GROOVE

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A mold for vulcanizing and molding a tire, the tire comprising
a tread delimited by two sidewalls, the mold including
a ring for molding the tread of the tire and two shells for molding the sidewalls, the mold including at least one annular
groove extending in a recessed manner in one of the shells and an insert housed in the annular groove,

wherein the insert is annular and has at least one groove which is likewise annular, is concentric with the insert and provided
with a section that decreases in the depthwise direction of the at least one groove of the insert,

the insert is formed from a plurality of insert parts that are positioned one after another in one of the at least one annular
groove of the shell,

at least one insert part is produced by laser sintering, the insert part having all or part of the at least one groove in
the insert, and

each insert part has contact surfaces for contact with adjacent insert parts, and
at least two insert parts are connected together in a region of their contact surface, this connection being able to be broken
in order to separate the two insert parts.

US Pat. No. 9,555,673

TIRE AIR PRESSURE OPTIMIZATION SYSTEM FOR IMPROVING TREAD WEAR

Compagnie Generale des Et...

8. A system for adjustment of tire air pressure on a vehicle, comprising:
equipment for measuring the pressure of at least one tire on the vehicle;
equipment for adjusting the pressure of at least one tire on the vehicle; and
a controller configured for
ascertaining an actual or anticipated tire load La on the tire;

selecting, from a correlation of preferred air pressures Pp for a range of multiple tire loads Li on the tire, a preferred air pressure Pp for the actual or anticipated load La on the tire; and

adjusting the air pressure of the tire while on the vehicle to the preferred air pressure Pp for the actual or anticipated tire load La;

wherein determination of the correlation of preferred air pressures Pp comprises:

dividing the tread of the tire into multiple zones along the lateral direction, the multiple zones including a shoulder zone
along each shoulder of the tire and one or more intermediate zones between the shoulder zones;

selecting a range of tire air pressures;
determining, for a load Liin the range of multiple tire loads Li, the average longitudinal stress ?x in each of the zones over the selected range of tire air pressures;

identifying, from the selected range of tire air pressures, the preferred air pressure Pp for the load Li, wherein the preferred air pressure Pp is the pressure at which both i) the average longitudinal stress ?x-avg for all of the zones is minimized and ii) the average longitudinal stress ?x-avg for each of the intermediate zones is maintained at or above a predetermined threshold longitudinal stress ?x-th; and

repeating, over the range of multiple tire loads Li, the determining and identifying so as to provide the correlation of the preferred air pressures Pp.

US Pat. No. 9,522,571

TIRE COMPRISING A COMPOSITION ESSENTIALLY FREE OF GUANIDINE DERIVATIVE AND COMPRISING A HYDROXYALKYLPIPERAZINE

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A tire comprising a rubber composition comprising:
at least one diene elastomer,
a reinforcing filler predominantly composed of silica,
a crosslinking system, and
a hydroxyalkylpiperazine of formula (I):
in which R1 represents a linear or branched alkyl group comprising from 1 to 18 carbon atoms,R2 represents a linear or branched alkylene group comprising from 1 to 18 carbon atoms,
wherein R1 and R2 may bear one or more additional hydroxyl groups, and

wherein the rubber composition includes less than 0.5 phr of guanidine derivative.
US Pat. No. 9,499,730

ELASTOMERIC COMPOSITION WITH IMPROVED THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A rubber composition based on at least one diene elastomer, a filler that comprises carbon black and an inorganic filler,
and a crosslinking system,
wherein the inorganic filler content is from 8 to 30 parts by weight per hundred parts by weight of elastomer, phr, and represents
at most 50% as a weight fraction of the total filler of the composition

wherein the carbon black comprises at least one acetylene-derived carbon black, wherein the acetylene-derived carbon black
content is from 10 to 40 phr,

wherein the amount of acetylene-derived carbon black represents more than 50% of the carbon black present in the composition
as a weight fraction, and

wherein the composition comprises a plasticizing oil, aplasticizing resin, or both, with a total content of plasticizing oil
and plasticizing resin of less than 30 phr.

US Pat. No. 9,387,606

VULCANIZING PRESS FOR TIRE BLANKS PROVIDED WITH INDUCTORS

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

11. An inductor, comprising:
a coil, and
an armature having two free ends exhibiting respective soles, each sole bearing at least one connecting element extending
as a projection from the sole so that the connecting element or elements occupy in total less than half a length (L) of the
sole.

US Pat. No. 9,162,537

TIRE BEAD FOR HEAVY CIVIL ENGINEERING VEHICLE

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A tire for a heavy vehicle of the civil engineering type comprising:
a tread;
a sidewall extending radially inwards from an end of said tread;
a bead extending said sidewall radially inwards, said bead comprising a bead wire core; and
a carcass reinforcement comprising at least one carcass reinforcement layer having metal reinforcement elements wound in said
bead, from the inside to the outside of the tire, around said bead wire core, in order to form a carcass reinforcement upturn
extending radially outwards to a carcass reinforcement upturn end, said carcass reinforcement upturn comprising an axially
inner face and an axially outer face,

wherein a binding element, having at least two binding layers comprised of reinforcement elements made of textile material,
is in continuous contact with said carcass reinforcement upturn between a first point of contact on said axially inner face
of said carcass reinforcement upturn, corresponding to a first end of said binding element, and a last point of contact on
said axially outer face of carcass reinforcement upturn, and

wherein:
a portion of said binding element that includes a second end of said binding element extends axially inside a radial axis
passing through the center of the bead wire core,

the portion of said binding element extends axially inside the last point of contact, and
the portion of said binding element is not in contact with said axially outer face of said carcass reinforcement upturn.

US Pat. No. 9,132,734

CONNECTION DEVICE COMPRISING A CONTROL UNIT, BATTERY CASE COMPRISING SUCH A CONNECTION DEVICE AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING SUCH A BATTERY CASE

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A device for connection of a battery to an electric or hybrid motor vehicle, comprising at least one input adapted to be
connected to a first terminal of the battery and at least one output adapted to be connected to a first terminal of an electrical
circuit of the vehicle, wherein the device also comprises:
a device for measuring the voltage between the first terminal of the battery and a reference potential;
a control unit adapted to receive the voltage values measured by the voltage-measuring device adapted to determine an insulation
resistance between the first terminal of the battery and the reference potential, and adapted for connecting or keeping connected
the first terminal of the battery and the first terminal of the electrical circuit if said insulation resistance is greater
than a determined threshold; and

an electrical circuit disconnection device fitted in series between the input and the output of the connection device, the
electrical circuit disconnection device being controlled by the control unit;

wherein the disconnection device comprises a pyrotechnic igniter connected to control terminals, the electrical opening of
the disconnection device being controlled by an electrical control signal applied to said control terminals.

US Pat. No. 9,097,576

METHOD FOR PREDICTING TYRE RUNNING NOISE

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A pavement design method based on a prediction of a rolling noise B of a tyre on a roadway pavement, the method comprising
steps of:
obtaining a measurement of a surface of the pavement, the measurement providing data of a real profile of the pavement;
filtering the data of the real profile, using a computer, to extract pavement descriptors N and R, in which:
N is a value of a characteristic number of indenters per unit area of the pavement, and
R is a value of a characteristic dimension of indenters of the pavement;
calculating the prediction of the rolling noise B of the tyre, using the computer, by utilizing information extracted in the
filtering step in a law given by:


in which
C is a rolling speed of the tyre,
E is a stiffness modulus of a rubber of the tyre,
v is a Poisson's ratio of the rubber of the tyre,
k is a value in an interval from 1.2 to 2, and
Ro, No, Co, Eo, and Bo are reference values; and
utilizing the prediction of the rolling noise B of the tyre calculated in the calculating step to modify a process for manufacturing
pavement.

US Pat. No. 10,047,255

AQUEOUS ADHESIVE COMPOSITION FOR ADHESIVE BONDING

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. An aqueous adhesive composition comprising a resin based on:at least one aromatic aldehyde selected from the group consisting of 1,2-benzenedicarboxaldehyde, 1,3-benzenedicarboxaldehyde, 1,4-benzenedicarboxaldehyde, 2-hydroxybenzene-1,3,5-tricarbaldehyde and mixtures thereof, and
at least one compound of formula (I):

wherein each group R1, R2 and R3 represents, independently of one another, an alkyl, aryl, arylalkyl, alkylaryl, cycloalkyl or hydrogen group,
wherein X represents S, O or N—R4, and
wherein R4 represents an alkyl, aryl, arylalkyl, alkylaryl or cycloalkyl group.

US Pat. No. 10,029,515

TIRE TREAD FOR HEAVY VEHICLE OF CONSTRUCTION PLANT TIRE

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A tire for a heavy vehicle of construction plant type, comprising:a tread comprising raised elements separated by grooves;
each raised element extending radially outwards from a bottom surface as far as a contact face over a height H and comprising lateral faces;
each said groove being a cut in the tread which cut is delimited laterally by lateral faces of raised elements that face one another and is delimited radially towards the inside by a groove bottom resting on the bottom surface;
the tread comprising a base compound comprising at least one first elastomeric compound, and a coating compound comprising at least one second elastomeric compound, the coating compound fully covering the base compound;
the base compound and coating compound respectively having elongations at break at 23° C. AR1 and AR2;
wherein the coating compound has a constant maximum thickness emax, at the contact face of each raised element, at most equal to 0.15 times the height H of the raised element,
wherein the coating compound has a constant minimum thickness emin, at each groove bottom, at least equal to 0.04 times the height H of the raised element,
wherein the constant maximum thickness emax, at the contact face is greater than the constant minimum thickness emin at each groove bottom, and
wherein the elongation at break at 23° C. AR2 of the coating compound is at least equal to 1. 05 times the elongation at break at 23° C. AR1 of the base compound.

US Pat. No. 9,909,953

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR NON-DESTRUCTIVE DETECTION OF TIRE ANOMALIES

Compagnie Generale des Et...

1. An impact-acoustic method for testing a tire, comprising:
providing an actuatable impactor disposed proximate an impact area whereupon the impactor strikes the tire;
providing an acoustic transducer disposed proximate the impact area on a common side of the tire with the impactor, with the
acoustic transducer receiving one or more sound waves generated when the impactor strikes the impact area and generating corresponding
acoustic signals;

providing a force transducer disposed proximate the impact area for measuring one or more dynamic forces and generating corresponding
force signals indicative of impact force, wherein the force transducer is incorporated into the impactor such that the force
transducer moves towards the impact area when the impactor strikes the impact area;

providing a tire on a test platform such that the impactor strikes the impact area during actuation thereof;
calculating a plurality of discriminator quantities from the acoustic signals and the force signals; and
comparing calculated discriminator quantities with stored discriminator quantities to determine whether an anomaly is present
in the tire.

US Pat. No. 9,597,849

MOLD FOR TIRE HAVING A REMOVABLE ANNULAR INSERT

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A mold for vulcanizing and molding a tire, the tire comprising
a tread delimited by two sidewalls, at least one of the sidewalls having a complex protuberance, the mold including
a ring for molding the tread of the tire and two shells for molding the sidewalls, the mold including an annular insert,
wherein the insert separates the mold into at least two portions, namely a ring portion and a shell portion in a radially
lower region of the sidewalls,

the insert having two adjacent concentric elements for molding the complex protuberance, namely a radially outer element associated
with the ring, and a radially inner element associated with the shell.

US Pat. No. 9,487,892

TIRE HAVING A COMPOSITE CORD IN THE TREAD

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A pneumatic or non-pneumatic tire comprising a tread,
wherein the tread includes, in at least one internal cavity, a regrooving element formed of a composite cord,
wherein the regrooving element includes an elastomer core and a sheath surrounding the elastomer core, and
wherein the sheath is a hollow cylindrical braid made of first and second sets of fibers that are helically intertwined with
each other,

wherein adjacent fibers of the first set are arranged in a generally parallel and non-touching manner, adjacent fibers of
the second set are arranged in a generally parallel and non-touching manner, and the fibers of the first set are crisscrossed
with the fibers of the second set, and

wherein elastomer bridges mechanically connect the elastomer core to the tread through openings in the braid.

US Pat. No. 9,387,635

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR DEFLECTING AND SUPPORTING A TIRE SIDEWALL

Michelin Recherche et Tec...

1. A method for deforming a tire sidewall, the method comprising the steps of:
providing a tire having at least one sidewall connected to a corresponding bead;
constraining the bead from moving in a lateral direction of the tire;
engaging the sidewall with an inclined member; and,
moving the inclined member to move at least one of the sidewall and bead in a lateral direction of the tire away from the
other until the sidewall is laterally deformed into a laterally deformed configuration supported by the inclined member, the
sidewall being flatter in the laterally deformed configuration than in an undeformed configured.

US Pat. No. 9,248,703

TIRE WITH BEADS INCLUDING BEAD FILLER AND OUTER STRIP

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A tire comprising:
two beads designed to come into contact with a mounting rim, each bead comprising at least one annular reinforcing structure;
two sidewalls extending the beads radially outwards, the two sidewalls meeting in a crown comprising a crown reinforcement
surmounted by a tread; and

a single carcass reinforcement comprising a plurality of carcass reinforcing elements anchored in the two beads and extending
from the beads through the sidewalls to the crown, the carcass reinforcement being anchored in the two beads by a turn-up
axially outwardly around the at least one annular reinforcing structure, so as to form, in each bead, a main portion and a
wrapped-around portion, each wrapped-around portion extending radially on the outside as far as an end situated a radial distance
DEC from the radially innermost point of the at least one annular reinforcing structure of the bead, the radial distance DEC
being greater than or equal to 5% of the radial height H of the tire and less than or equal to 85% of the radial height H
of the tire,

wherein each bead comprises a bead filler made of a rubber composition, the majority of the bead filler being situated radially
on the outside of the at least one annular reinforcing structure and the bead filler being situated at least partially between
the main portion and the wrapped-around portion of the carcass reinforcement, the bead filler extending radially as far as
a radially outer end of the bead filler, the radially outer end of the bead filler being situated a radial distance DEE1 from the radially innermost point of the at least one annular reinforcing structure of the bead, the radial distance DEE1 being greater than or equal to 30% and less than or equal to 50% of the radial height H of the tire,

wherein each bead further comprises an outer strip, made of a rubber composition, the outer strip being situated axially on
the outside of the wrapped-around portion of the carcass reinforcement, the outer strip extending between a radially inner
end of the outer strip and a radially outer end of the outer strip, the radially inner end of the outer strip being situated
a radial distance DEI2 from the radially innermost point of the at least one annular reinforcing structure of the bead, the radial distance DEI2 being greater than or equal to 1% and less than or equal to 5% of the radial height H of the tire, the radially outer end
of the outer strip being situated a radial distance DEE2 from the radially innermost point of the at least one annular reinforcing structure of the bead, the radial distance DEE2 being greater than or equal to 30% and less than or equal to 50% of the radial height H of the tire,

wherein the bead filler has a thickness E(r), this thickness corresponding to the length of the intersection of the direction
perpendicular to the main portion of the carcass reinforcement with the bead filler, r denoting the distance separating the
point of intersection of said direction perpendicular to the main portion of the carcass reinforcement with the carcass reinforcement
from the radially innermost point of the at least one annular reinforcing structure,

wherein the bead filler and the outer strip form an assembly that has a thickness ET(r), this thickness corresponding to the
length of the intersection of the direction perpendicular to the main portion of the carcass reinforcement with said assembly,
r denoting the distance separating the point of intersection of said direction perpendicular to the main portion of the carcass
reinforcement with the carcass reinforcement from the radially innermost point of the at least one annular reinforcing structure,

and wherein for all the points of intersection of said direction perpendicular to the main portion of the carcass reinforcement
with the carcass reinforcement of which the radial distance from the radially innermost point of the at least one annular
reinforcing structure is greater than or equal to 10% and less than or equal to 35% of the radial height H of the tire, the
ratio E(r)/ET(r) is greater than or equal to 0.3 and less than or equal to 0.5.

US Pat. No. 9,186,820

MOLDING ELEMENT COMPRISING CUTTING MEANS FOR MOLDING AND VULCANIZING A TIRE TREAD

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A molding element of a mold for molding and vulcanizing a tire tread, this molding element comprising:
a molding surface adapted to mold part of the tread surface of the tire, and
a complex blade of height H projecting from the molding surface, this complex blade comprising:
a body oriented mainly in a circumferential direction X, and
at least one U-shaped secondary branch facing towards this body, this secondary branch being oriented mainly in an oblique
direction J, this oblique direction making a non-zero angle ? with a transverse direction Y perpendicular to the circumferential
direction X,

wherein the secondary branch is in contact with the body at two contact zones to delimit a cavity of length L,
a main cutting means of height Hp projecting from the molding surface in the cavity, and extending between two ends and running
parallel to the oblique direction J, wherein a length of this main cutting means, measured between its two ends, being less
than the length L of the cavity, and

at least two secondary cutting means of height Hs extending from one of the ends of the main cutting means as far as a respective
one of the contact zones facing this end, each secondary cutting means forming an angle ? with the body,

wherein the height Hp of the main cutting means and the height Hs of the secondary cutting means are greater than the height
H of the complex blade.

US Pat. No. 9,177,183

METHOD FOR READING DATA STORED IN AN ELECTRONIC DEVICE FOR A TYRE

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A method for reading data stored in a memory of an electronic device integrated into a tyre, the memory including a data
storage zone with a field reserved for a serial number of the tyre, the serial number being stored in bit form, the method
comprising:
reading out data stored in the data storage zone of the memory, the data being read out from the field reserved for the serial
number of the tyre; and

decoding at least a part of the data read out from the data storage zone of the memory to produce at least one letter used
to determine the serial number of the tyre, wherein

the field reserved for the serial number of the tyre includes at least one sub-field of a first type and at least one sub-field
of a second type,

the at least one sub-field of the first type includes a first number of bits, corresponding to coding for a first decimal
number,

the at least one sub-field of the second type includes a second number of bits, corresponding to coding for a second decimal
number,

data in each sub-field of the first type is decoded to produce a first decimal number, and
each first decimal number is associated with a letter.

US Pat. No. 10,040,976

AQUEOUS ADHESIVE COMPOSITION BASED ON POLYALDEHYDE AND PHLOROGLUCINOL

Compagnie Generale Des Et...

1. An aqueous adhesive composition comprising:a phenol/aldehyde resin; and
an unsaturated elastomer latex,
wherein the phenol/aldehyde resin is based on:
phloroglucinol, and
wherein the aldehyde in the phenol/aldehyde resin is an aromatic polyaldehyde bearing at least two aldehyde functional groups, the aromatic polyaldehyde including at least one aromatic nucleus.

US Pat. No. 9,944,129

TREAD COMPRISING SCULPTED ELEMENTS COMPRISING A COVERING LAYER

Compagnie Generale des Et...

1. A tread made of rubber material for a snow tire comprising:a tread surface adapted to be in contact with a road surface when the tire is being driven on,
a plurality of cuts delimited by walls situated facing one another and forming lateral walls of raised elements of the tread, each of the said lateral walls intersecting the tread surface to form an edge corner,
wherein at least one lateral wall of a raised element is formed partially or fully by a cover layer extending from the edge corner associated with this lateral wall,
wherein the material of this cover layer has an elastic modulus higher than an elastic modulus of the rubber material of which the tread is made,
wherein the raised element comprises, in its lateral wall, a depression of depth P, this depression being delimited by the cover layer,
wherein with the raised element having a width W, the depth P of the depression is at least equal to 10% of the width W of the element and less than or equal to 40% of this width W,
wherein the volume of the depression is less than 10% of the volume of the raised element, and
wherein the cover layer does not extend beyond the depression.

US Pat. No. 9,850,005

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR COUNTING THE NUMBER OF LANDINGS PERFORMED BY AN AIRCRAFT TYRE

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A method for counting a number of landings of an aircraft tyre, the method comprising steps of:
intermittently measuring, in a discontinuous mode at regular intervals of time during the measuring, a physical quantity of
air contained inside the tyre, the measuring being performed using a controller and beginning a sequence of measurements of
the physical quantity when an initiation of tyre movement is detected, and ending the sequence of measurements when no tyre
movement is detected;

determining at least one indicator relating to the physical quantity;
comparing the at least one indicator with a predetermined threshold associated with the tyre;
if the at least one indicator is determined to be greater than the predetermined threshold associated with the tyre, incrementing
a stored number of landings of the tyre; and

after the stored number of landings of the tyre has been incremented, preventing the stored number of landings of the tyre
from being incremented again until the at least one indicator is determined to have fallen below the predetermined threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,630,456

BEAD OF A TIRE FOR A HEAVY VEHICLE OF CONSTRUCTION PLANT TYPE

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A tire for a heavy vehicle of construction plant type comprising:
two beads adapted to come into contact with a rim,
a carcass reinforcement comprising:
at least one carcass reinforcement layer made of a metal reinforcing elements, the carcass reinforcing layer comprising:
a main part wrapped, within each bead, from the inside towards the outside of the tire around a bead wire to form a turn-up,
wherein the distance (d) between the turn-up and the main part decreases continuously, radially towards the outside, from
the bead wire, as far as a minimum distance (d1), then increases continuously as far as a maximum distance (d2),

wherein each bead comprises:
a filling element extending the bead wire radially towards the outside,
wherein the filling element is formed of at least two polymer filling materials,
wherein a first polymer filling material is radially furthest towards the inside and in contact with the bead wire, and
wherein a second polymer filling material is radially on the outside of the first polymer filling material, and having an
elastic modulus at 10% elongation that is lower than the elastic modulus at 10% elongation of the first polymer filling material,

wherein a transition element, made of a polymer transition material, is in contact, via its radially inner face, with the
first polymer filling material and in contact, via its radially outer face, with the second polymer filling material, and

wherein the elastic modulus at 10% elongation of the polymer transition material is between the respective elastic moduli
at 10% elongation of the first and second polymer filling materials;

wherein the radially inner face of the transition element is in continuous contact with the main part between a first point
of contact and a last point of contact which is a radially outermost point of the transition element.

US Pat. No. 9,505,897

TYRE, THE TREAD OF WHICH COMPRISES A HEAT-EXPANDABLE RUBBER COMPOSITION REDUCING NOISE DURING TRAVEL

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A tire comprising a tread having a radially outermost part which comes in direct contact with a surface of a road,
wherein at least the radially outermost part of the tread which comes in direct contact with the surface of the road, in an
unvulcanized state, comprises a heat-expandable rubber composition,

wherein the heat-expandable rubber composition includes:
50 to 100 phr of a copolymer based on styrene and butadiene;
0 to 50 phr of another diene elastomer;
a reinforcing filler comprising from 70 to 120 phr of a silica and from 1 to 10 phr of carbon black;
between 5 and 25 phr of a blowing agent; and
between 5 and 25 phr of a heat-fusible compound having a melting point between 70° C. and 150° C.,
wherein a total content of the blowing agent and the heat-fusible compound is greater than 15 phr, and
wherein the heat-fusible compound is urea or a heat-fusible urea derivative.

US Pat. No. 9,493,045

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MULTILAYER SHEAR BAND REINFORCEMENT

MICHELIN RECHERCHE et TEC...

2. A method for modifying a shear band of a tire, the tire having a plurality of tension transmitting web spokes extending
transversely across and radially inward from the shear band toward a tire hub, the shear band having a radially innermost
reinforcement layer and a radially outermost reinforcement layer extending circumferentially around the shear band, the method
comprising the steps of:
increasing or maintaining the vertical stiffness of the tire by adding at least one additional reinforcement layer that extends
circumferentially around the shear band and is positioned between, but spaced apart from, the radially outermost reinforcement
layer and the radially innermost reinforcement layer; and

decreasing the value of ?p/p for the shear band, wherein said decreasing further comprises modifying the radial position of at least one reinforcement
layer that is positioned between the radially innermost reinforcement layer and the radially outermost reinforcement layer.

US Pat. No. 9,413,061

ELECTRONIC ASSEMBLY FOR INSTALLATION IN A TYRE

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. An electronic assembly for installation in a tire, the assembly comprising:
an electronic device that includes:
an electronic member including a support, and
at least one antenna fixed to the support, each antenna of the at least one antenna including a free part, which is free with
respect to the support, joined to a fixing part, which fixes the antenna to the support; and

a transition layer formed of at least a composition that includes:
an elastomer, and
9 to 13 parts of sulfur per hundred parts by weight of the elastomer,
wherein the transition layer coats at least a junction between the free part and the fixing part of each antenna of the at
least one antenna.