US Pat. No. 9,115,776

FLEXING ARRANGEMENT

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A flexing arrangement comprising at least one leaf spring structure including a plurality of reusable leaf springs connected
together, at least one of said leaf springs is made of essentially of an alloy of nickel and titanium, wherein the alloy has
a nickel content of substantially 50.1-55 atomic % and a titanium content of substantially 45-49.9 atomic %.
US Pat. No. 9,249,385

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR FUSING CELLS

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A system for fusion at least two cells comprising:—
a) an optical tweezers system for generation of a plurality of optical traps for manipulating the cells in isolation;
b) an optical scissor system for cutting cell membrane of the cells and inducing fusion of the cells;
c) an incubation system for providing cell culture in which the cells suspend and cell culture environment for the cells;
d) a visual detection system allowing visual monitoring of the cells undergoing fusion; and
e) a control system for controlling motion and position of a stage supporting the cells, controlling operation diffraction
optical elements, and cutting frequency and time of optical scissors.

US Pat. No. 9,595,607

FACILITATION OF INCREASED LOCKING RANGE TRANSISTORS

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a first injection transistor comprising a first source;
a second injection transistor comprising a second source, wherein the first injection transistor and the second injection
transistor are cross coupled, and wherein the first source and the second source are connected to a first ground;

a first symmetry injection transistor comprising a third source;
a second symmetry injection transistor comprising a fourth source, wherein the third source and the fourth source are connected
to a second ground, wherein the first symmetry injection transistor, the second symmetry injection transistor, the first injection
transistor, and the second injection transistor are formed on a single transistor cell, and wherein a transistor width of
a transistor of at least one of the first symmetry injection transistor, the second symmetry injection transistor, the first
injection transistor, or the second injection transistor varies from that of another transistor width of a different transistor
of the at least one of the first symmetry injection transistor, the second symmetry injection transistor, the first injection
transistor, or the second injection transistor;

a first node comprising:
a first drain of the first injection transistor;
a first gate of the second injection transistor; and
a second drain of the first symmetry injection transistor;
a second node comprising:
a third drain of the second injection transistor;
a second gate of the first injection transistor; and
a fourth drain of the second symmetry injection transistor; and
a third node comprising:
a third gate of the first symmetry injection transistor; and
a fourth gate of the second symmetry injection transistor.

US Pat. No. 9,157,886

FLEXIBLE AMINE SENSOR BASED ON ULTRATHIN POLY-THIOPHENE THIN FILM TRANSISTOR

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A method, comprising:
fabricating a substrate; and
depositing a film of poly-3-hexyl thiophene (P3HT) on an octadecylphosphonic acid (ODPA) monolayer of the substrate to form
a top layer of a gas sensor for sensing gas vapors.

US Pat. No. 9,622,306

LED LIGHTING CIRCUIT

City University of Hong K...

1. An LED lighting circuit comprising:
a first node and a second node, the first and second nodes being adapted to couple with an AC input power source and a driver
circuit; and

an LED circuit loop having a plurality of LED light strings each having one or more LED light elements, the LED circuit loop
defining a closed loop arranged between the first node and the second node and is connected to the first node and the second
node respectively through a capacitive arrangement such that the LED light strings in the LED circuit loop is arranged to
be driven with DC power while AC power provided by the AC input power source is transmitted between the first and second nodes,
wherein the LED circuit loop further comprises a plurality of rectifier circuits connected in series with the plurality of
LED light strings, the rectifier circuit comprises a diode bridge, and wherein at least one LED light string is connected
between two adjacent diode bridges in the LED circuit loop.

US Pat. No. 9,322,778

OPTICAL SENSING APPARATUS AND A METHOD FOR DETECTING CHARACTERISTICS OF A SAMPLE

THE CHINESE UNIVERSITY OF...

1. An optical sensing apparatus comprising:
a broadband source configured to generate a first light beam containing a p-polarized component and an s-polarized component;
an interferometer configured to direct the p-polarized component and the s-polarized component to a first path and a second
path, respectively, wherein the first path has a different length than the second path such that the p-polarized component
and the s-polarized component are reflected and then recombined to provide a second light beam with interference between the
p-polarized component and the s-polarized component;

a reference device configured to receive a part of the second light beam to extract a reference optical characteristic variation
induced by the interference;

a surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensor configured to receive the other part of the second light beam and to introduce an
SPR effect associated with a sample to the second light beam, such that a third light beam with a probe optical characteristic
variation induced by the SPR effect is generated;

a polarizer configured to receive the third light beam to generate a probe light beam;
a lens placed in the back of the polarizer and configured to couple the probe light beam to an analyzer, such that the analyzer
extracts the probe optical characteristic variation induced by the SPR effect of the probe light beam; and

a processing module configured to determine characteristics of the sample by comparing the reference optical characteristic
variation and the probe optical characteristic variation to determine characteristics of the sample.

US Pat. No. 9,107,267

METHOD AND NUMERICAL TOOL FOR OPTIMIZING LIGHT EMITTING DIODE SYSTEMS

City University of Hong K...

1. A method of forming or optimizing an LED system to achieve a luminous performance over a time period, the LED system comprising
a single or a plurality of LEDs on a heatsink with each LED having a junction, the method comprising the steps of:
(a) calculating a predicted luminous performance over the time period with a computer-implemented dynamic model; and
(b) modifying the LED system such that the predicted luminous performance matches the luminous performance, wherein luminous
performance is one or more of luminous flux of the LED system, luminous efficacy of the LED system, heatsink temperature and
junction temperature over the time period.

US Pat. No. 9,170,986

POWER QUALITY METER AND METHOD OF WAVEFORM ANAYLSIS AND COMPRESSION

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A method for performing power quality analysis of an electrical power system using a smart meter associated with the electrical
power system, the method comprising:
capturing an original waveform of the electrical power system representative of one or more power quality disturbances using
a current transformer of the smart meter;

processing the original waveform to determine at least one of a frequency, an amplitude, and a phase information of a stationary
component of the original waveform using an application processor of the smart meter;

reconstructing a waveform based on the at least one of the frequency, the amplitude, and the phase information of the stationary
component of the original waveform using the application processor of the smart meter;

subtracting the reconstructed waveform from the original waveform to generate a residual waveform using the application processor
of the smart meter;

processing the residual waveform with a transform routine to determine one or more wavelet coefficients associated with the
residual waveform using the application processor of the smart meter;

processing the one or more wavelet coefficients to determine one or more power quality disturbances associated with the electrical
power system using the application processor of the smart meter;

classifying the one or more power quality disturbances immediately after determining the one or more wavelet coefficients
associated with the residual waveform using the application processor of the smart meter; and

transmitting, using a communication module of the smart meter, the one or more wavelet coefficients or the at least one of
the frequency, the amplitude, and the phase information of the stationary component of the original waveform over a communication
network to a remote central management system of a smart metering infrastructure associated with the smart meter for storage,
reconstruction or analysis.

US Pat. No. 9,628,930

AUDIO SPATIAL EFFECT ENHANCEMENT

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

23. A method, comprising:
receiving, by a system comprising a processing device, a source stereo signal comprising a left source signal and a right
source signal;

generating, by the system, a summation signal as a sum of the left source signal and the right source signal;
generating, by the system, an ambience signal as a difference between the left source signal and the right source signal;
and

electronically generating, by the system, an enhanced output signal including at least one channel pair comprising a left
output signal and a right output signal, wherein the generating the enhanced output signal is based on at least one modulation
of the ambience signal with a time-varying function comprising a semi-periodic frequency that varies with time and is determined
based on a fundamental period and a random value with a defined probability density function.

US Pat. No. 9,541,899

FAST GENERATION OF PURE PHASE DIGITAL HOLOGRAMS

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A system, comprising:
at least one memory that stores computer-executable components; and
at least one processor that executes or facilitates execution of the computer executable components, comprising:
a holographic generator component that receives or generates a visual image that represents an object scene; and
a hologram processor component that converts the visual image to a sparse image to facilitate generating a complex hologram
of the object scene based at least in part on the sparse image, and converts the complex hologram to a phase hologram to facilitate
generation of a holographic image that represents the object scene based at least in part on the phase hologram, wherein the
complex hologram comprises a magnitude portion and a phase portion, and the phase hologram comprises the phase portion, wherein
the sparse image has a visual characteristic that is less dense than the visual image, and wherein, to facilitate the visual
image being converted to the sparse image, the hologram processor component downsamples an intensity distribution of object
points of the visual image by a defined downsampling factor, based at least in part on a lattice component, to generate a
sparse intensity distribution of the object points of the visual image.

US Pat. No. 9,250,653

CAPTURING, PROCESSING, AND RECONSTRUCTING AUDIO AND VIDEO CONTENT OF MOBILE DEVICES

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A system, comprising:
a capture component, comprising one or more cameras, that captures video content presented by a first communication device
and visual information relating to interaction between a user and the first communication device in relation to the video
content; and

a content enhancer component that receives corresponding video content relating to the video content from the first communication
device, and determines a visual process to apply to the video content, the corresponding video content, and the visual information,
based in part on a result of a comparison of a first visual quality of the video content to a second visual quality of the
corresponding video content, to facilitate generation of integrated reconstructed video content, wherein, based in part on
the visual process, and based in part on a result of the comparison indicating that the first visual quality of the video
content is a lower visual quality than the second visual quality of the corresponding video content, the content enhancer
component masks a portion of the video content that does not involve the interaction between the user and the first communication
device in relation to the video content to remove the portion of the video content, replaces the portion of the video content
with a portion of the corresponding video content that corresponds to the portion of the video content, and reconstructs the
portion of the corresponding video content and reconstructs the visual information to generate the integrated reconstructed
video content comprising reconstructed corresponding video content and reconstructed visual information relating to the interaction
between the user and the first communication device, to facilitate presentation of the integrated reconstructed video content
by a second communication device.

US Pat. No. 9,237,288

SIGNAL MODULATING INTERFACE FOR A SOLID STATE ELECTRONIC DEVICE

City University of Hong K...

1. A signal modulating interface for a solid state electronic device comprising:
an input arranged to receive a control signal from a driver arranged to control the solid state electronic device;
a signalling module connected to the input wherein the signalling module is arranged to generate a modulated control signal
by eliminating unwanted triggering signal portions capable of false triggering the solid state electronic device from the
control signal for transmission to the solid state electronic device;

wherein the signal modulating interface is disposed between the solid state electronic device and the driver;
wherein the signal modulating interface is arranged to modulate the control signal such that the unwanted triggering signal
portions of the control signal are modulated to be below a triggering threshold of the solid state electronic device;

wherein the signalling module comprises at least one voltage source arranged to generate at least one modulating voltage for
modulating the control signal;

wherein the at least one voltage source is connected in series with an output of the driver; and,
wherein the modulated control signal comprises a positive voltage signal when the driver outputs an activation control signal
Vg,H for activating the solid state electronic device and a negative voltage signal when the driver outputs a deactivation control
signal Vg,L for deactivating the solid state electronic device.

US Pat. No. 9,200,172

PHTHALOCYANINE/ POLYMER NANOCOMPOSITE INK FOR OPTOELECTONICS

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a thin film of at least one conjugated polymer doped with phthalocyanine (Pc) nanocrystals,
wherein the Pc nanocrystals are of a size on the order of nanometers,
wherein the at least one conjugated polymer is a different p-type semiconductor than the Pc nanocrystals, and
wherein a Pc nanocrystal of the Pc nanocrystals comprises a core portion that comprises alkyl substituents.

US Pat. No. 9,124,217

POWER AMPLIFIER

City University of Hong K...

1. A power amplifier comprising:
a plurality of primary amplifying channels arranged to each receive an input signal from one or more signal sources for generating
a primary amplified output in each of the plurality of primary amplifying channels;

a secondary amplifying channel in communication with the one or more signal sources wherein the secondary amplifying channel
is arranged to receive one or more signal components each associated with the input signal received by each of the plurality
of primary amplifying channels to form a merged input signal for generating a secondary amplified output; and

an electric junction arrangement being in electrical communication with the primary amplified output of each of the primary
amplifying channels and the secondary amplified output of the secondary amplifying channel;

wherein signals from the signal sources are each divided by a distribution component to form the input signal in one of the
plurality of primary amplifying channels and the signal component received by the secondary amplifying channel;

wherein each of the primary amplifying channels comprises:
a carrier amplifier arranged to generate the primary amplified output in response to the input signal; and
a transformer component having an impedance ZT arranged to modulate a load impedance at different power levels; and

each of the carrier amplifiers are further associated with an output matching network and offset lines arranged to match the
load impedance; and

wherein the secondary amplifying channel comprises:
a phase adjustment component having an impedance Zo arranged to adjust a phase of the merged input signal; and

a peaking amplifier arranged to generate the secondary amplified output in response to the merged input signal;
wherein only the carrier amplifiers are operative when the signals from the signal sources are of low power;
wherein the peaking and carrier amplifiers are operative when the signals from the signal sources are of high power;
wherein the one or more signal components received by the secondary amplifying channel are merged by a 180° hybrid coupler
arranged to form the merged input signal.

US Pat. No. 9,293,571

METAL NANOPARTICLE MONOLAYER

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A device, comprising:
a first charge trapping layer that stores an electric charge associated with a voltage applied to the first charge trapping
layer comprising a monolayer array of metal nanoparticles, wherein the monolayer array of metal nanoparticles is self assembled
with an ultra high density, wherein metal nanoparticles of the monolayer array of metal nanoparticles comprise a diameter
greater than 10 nm, and wherein an average distance between any two of the metal nanoparticles is less than or equal to about
3 nanometers;

a substrate layer at least partially coated with the first charge trapping layer, wherein the first charge trapping layer
and the substrate layer are configured to change a magnitude of the voltage applied to the device based on an increase or
a decrease of the diameter of metal nanoparticles of the monolayer array of metal nanoparticles or an increase or decrease
of the average distance between any two of the metal nanoparticles;

a second charge trapping layer comprising a two-dimensional reduced graphene oxide sheet comprising a thickness of at most
1 nm that partially covers the first charge trapping layer, wherein an energy barrier between the first charge trapping layer
and the second charge trapping layer inhibits leakage of the electric charge from within the device; and

a control component that enables a tuning of a voltage shift threshold between the first charge trapping layer and the substrate
layer based on an increase in the diameter of the metal nanoparticles, wherein the tuning enables the device to comprise a
first capability to perform greater than 800 cycles of a programming and erasing operation, and a second capability to retain
a set of data for greater than 105 seconds.

US Pat. No. 9,164,481

GENERATING AND DISPLAYING HOLOGRAMS

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A system, comprising:
at least one memory that stores computer executable components; and
at least one processor that facilitates execution of the computer executable components stored in the at least one memory,
the computer executable components, comprising:

a holographic generator component that generates a hologram, based at least in part on an object scene, wherein the hologram
corresponds to the object scene; and

a facilitator component that generates a grating, generates a mask based at least in part on the object scene, and overlays
the mask on the grating to facilitate generation of the hologram by the holographic generator component.

US Pat. No. 9,287,057

PLASMONIC ENHANCED TANDEM DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL WITH METALLIC NANOSTRUCTURES

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

13. A plasmonic enhanced tandem dye sensitized solar cell system comprising plasmonic nanostructures integrated to both a
photoanode and a photocathode for enhancing respective electron and hole carrier transfer,
wherein the photanode comprises:
a) a mesoporous n-type semiconducting material arranged on a transparent conductive substrate;
b) plasmonic nanostructures integrated to an n-type semiconducting material acting as an electron acceptor material; and
c) a dye sensitizer acting as an electron donor material;
wherein the photocathode comprises:
d) a mesoporous p-type semiconducting material arranged on the transparent conductive substrate;
e) plasmonic nanostructures integrated to a p-type semiconducting material acting as a p-type semiconductor as the hole acceptor
material; and

f) a dye sensitizer acting as a hole donor material.
US Pat. No. 9,051,198

NITROGEN DOPED A2NB4O11, PROCESS FOR PREPARATION THEREOF, AND METHOD FOR DEGRADATION OF ORGANIC POLLUTANTS

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A compound, which is a nitrogen doped A2Nb4O11 represented by the following general formula (I)
A2Nb4O11-xNx  (I)

wherein
A is selected from the elements of Group IA of the periodic table; and 0

US Pat. No. 9,743,472

ELECTRICAL LOAD DRIVING APPARATUS

City University of Hong K...

1. An electrical load driving apparatus, comprising: a current distribution apparatus having a power source arranged to deliver
an input current into a plurality of branches such that the input current is distributed into a plurality of individual branch
currents, wherein:
each of the plurality of branches includes a first coil arranged to form an inductive coupling with a second coil of an adjacent
branch;

the first coil and the second coil together define a transformer unit so that the plurality of transformer units are connected
in a daisy-chained manner; and

each of the plurality of branches is arranged to connect to an output load and to deliver the distributed individual branch
current to the output load.

US Pat. No. 9,717,120

APPARATUS AND METHODS OF OPERATION OF PASSIVE LED LIGHTING EQUIPMENT

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A passive lighting circuit comprising
a variable input inductor for receiving an AC input power, the variable input inductor being arranged to filter the AC input
power, limit a power flow into an LED load having at least one LED, reduce the sensitivity of LED power to fluctuations in
the AC input power, and be selectively controlled for dimming the at least one LED;

a rectification circuit connected directly with an output of the variable input inductor, the rectification circuit being
arranged to receive the filtered AC input power from the input inductor, rectify the AC input power, and generate a rectified
DC power;

a non-electrolytic capacitor connected across an output of the rectification circuit for reducing a voltage ripple of said
rectified DC power;

a current ripple reduction circuit formed by an inductor connected directly between the non-electrolytic capacitor and the
LED load, the current ripple reduction circuit being arranged to generate a current to be provided to the LED load;

the LED load with at least one LED for receiving said current as an input;
wherein the current supplied to said at least one LED is a continuous direct current that is permitted to vary periodically
between a non-zero maximum value and a non-zero minimum value, and wherein the operating and/or design parameters of said
at least one LED are chosen such that the variation in luminous flux resulting from the variation in the continuous direct
current is not observable to the human eye; and

wherein the passive LED lighting circuit that is free of active electronic switches, electronic control circuits for the switches,
power supplies for the electronic control circuits, and electrolytic capacitors.

US Pat. No. 9,590,523

SELF-DRIVEN AC-DC SYNCHRONOUS RECTIFIER FOR POWER APPLICATIONS

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A system, comprising:
a set of power switches that receive an input power signal and rectify the input power signal to generate a rectified power
signal as an output to facilitate synchronous rectification of the input power signal; and

a self-driven gate-drive (SDGD) subsystem that facilitates control of respective switching of respective power switches of
the set of power switches, wherein the SDGD subsystem is powered by the rectified power signal or the input power signal,
wherein the SDGD subsystem comprises a set of capacitors comprising a first capacitor, a second capacitor, and a third capacitor,
and wherein the SDGD subsystem controls respective charging of the first capacitor, the second capacitor, and the third capacitor
to facilitate maintaining a first power switch of the set of power switches in a first switch state during a start-up phase
of operation of the system until the SDGD subsystem is determined to be operating in steady state.

US Pat. No. 9,280,042

AUTOMATIC SWITCHING OF A MULTI-MODE PROJECTOR DISPLAY SCREEN FOR DISPLAYING THREE-DIMENSIONAL AND TWO-DIMENSIONAL IMAGES

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A system, comprising:
a barrier control component configured to generate a control signal, based at least in part on a signal sensed from a control
region of a projector screen component that presents video content received from a projector component, and transmit the control
signal to a barrier component associated with the projector screen component to facilitate controlling selection of a display
mode and a corresponding barrier pattern that correspond to the control signal and a type of the video content being presented;
and

a sensor component configured to monitor the control region and sense the signal emitted from the control region,
wherein the signal is an optical signal that presents multiple bits of data that are indicative of the display mode and the
corresponding barrier pattern to use to process at least a portion of the video content,

wherein the sensor component comprises a set of light sensors comprising at least a first light sensor and a second light
sensor,

wherein a number of light sensors in the set of light sensors is same as a bit number that represents a total number of the
bits of the data of the multiple bits of the data,

wherein the first light sensor and the second light sensor sense and identify the optical signal to identify the control signal
and at a same time convert light energy of the optical signal to electrical energy that is used to supply power to at least
one of the barrier control component or the barrier component to facilitate the controlling the selection of the display mode
and the corresponding barrier pattern,

wherein the barrier control component generates the control signal in response to the signal being sensed in the control region
in conjunction with the presentation of the first visual image on the projector screen component,

wherein the barrier component maintains the display mode and the corresponding barrier pattern based at least in part on no
signal being sensed in the control region in conjunction with a second visual image of the video content being presented on
the projector screen component after the first visual image, and

wherein the barrier control component generates a different control signal in response to a different signal being sensed
in the control region in conjunction with a third visual image of the video content being presented on the projector screen
component after the second image, to facilitate selection of a different display mode and a different corresponding barrier
pattern.

US Pat. No. 9,083,086

HIGH GAIN AND WIDEBAND COMPLEMENTARY ANTENNA

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. An antenna including at least one dipole connected with at least one shorted patch antenna, and at least two feeding sources,
said at least one shorted patch antenna having a ground plane, a metal ground plane electrically connected to the at least
one shorted patch antenna, said ground plane of said at least one shorted patch antenna being located in a position spaced
apart from said metal ground plane.

US Pat. No. 9,353,021

STRUCTURE OF ENERGETIC MATERIALS AND THE METHOD FOR PREPARING THEREOF

City University of Hong K...

1. A method for preparing a structure of energetic materials, comprising steps of:
forming a metal oxide layer on a substrate;
covering the metal oxide layer with a fuel material layer to form a metal oxide/fuel layer; and
encapsulating the metal oxide/fuel layer with a hydrophobic material layer to form a metal oxide/fuel/hydrophobic material
layer;

wherein the structure of energetic materials is substantially waterproof.

US Pat. No. 9,507,321

CONVERTING COMPLEX HOLOGRAMS TO PHASE HOLOGRAMS

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A system, comprising:
at least one memory that stores computer-executable components; and
at least one processor that executes or facilitates execution of the computer executable components, comprising:
a holographic generator component that receives or generates a complex hologram that represents an object scene, wherein the
complex hologram comprises a plurality of pixels, wherein the complex hologram comprises a magnitude portion and a phase portion;
and

a hologram processor component that converts a complex value of a pixel of the plurality of pixels to a phase value and performs
an error diffusion process to facilitate diffusion of an error associated with the complex value being converted to the phase
value to facilitate generation of a phase hologram that corresponds to the complex hologram, wherein the error diffusion process
is a bidirectional error diffusion process employed to mitigate a correlated error related to the error and a holographic
signal associated with the phase hologram, wherein the plurality of pixels of the complex hologram are arranged in a set of
rows, comprising a first row that comprises a first subset of pixels of the plurality of pixels and a second row that comprises
a second subset of pixels of the plurality of pixels, wherein, in accordance with the bidirectional error diffusion process,
the hologram processor component scans the first subset of pixels of the first row proceeding in a first direction from a
first pixel of the first subset at one side of the first row to a first end-row pixel of the first subset at another side
of the first row, and scans the second subset of pixels of the second row in a second direction proceeding from an initial
pixel of the second subset at a side of the second row to a second end-row pixel of the second subset at an opposite side
of the second row, wherein the second direction is opposite to the first direction, and wherein, to facilitate the mitigation
of the correlated error, the hologram processor component, via scanning employed in accordance with the bidirectional error
diffusion process, interrupts a first correlated error associated with the first subset of pixels of the first row resulting
from first complex values of the first subset of pixels being converted to first phase values to mitigate introduction of
the first correlated error into the second subset of pixels of the second row.

US Pat. No. 9,326,086

NEURAL INDUCED ENHANCEMENT OF AUDIO SIGNALS

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A system, comprising:
at least one memory that stores executable components; and
at least one processor that executes or facilitates execution of the executable components, comprising:
a detector component that detects a set of signals associated with brain activity of a brain of a user, wherein the set of
signals comprises at least a first signal associated with a first frequency band and a second signal associated with a second
frequency band; and

an audio processor component that controls application of one or more audio effects to audio signals generated by an audio
device, based at least in part on a result of an analysis of the set of signals that indicates a first signal strength of
the first signal associated with the first frequency band and a second signal strength of the second signal associated with
the second frequency band, to generate processed audio signals for presentation to the user.

US Pat. No. 9,250,510

PANORAMIC STEREO CATADIOPTRIC IMAGING

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A system, comprising:
a sensor component that detects energy that impinges on the sensor component, wherein a vertical field-of-view for stereo
vision is centered near a horizontal plane of the vertical field-of-view;

a spatial processor component that determines spatial information relating to the energy detected by the sensor component;
a refractive element component that refracts a first part of the energy associated with a point of a scene to impinge on the
sensor component; and

a reflective element component that reflects a second part of the energy associated with the point of the scene to impinge
on the sensor component, wherein the second part of the energy is different from the first part of the energy.

US Pat. No. 9,123,995

DIELECTRIC ANTENNA AND METHOD OF DISCRETELY EMITTING RADIATION PATTERN USING SAME

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A dielectric antenna, comprising:
at least one swan-shaped dielectric having a dielectric constant of more than 1;
a substrate on which the at least one swan-shaped dielectric is situated; and
means electronically coupled via the substrate to the at least one swan-shaped dielectric for exciting the dielectric to emit
a radiation pattern for carrying information, wherein each of the at least one swan-shaped dielectric is a three-dimensional
aesthetically decorative shaped sculpture or artwork;

wherein the at least one swan-shaped dielectric comprises a stationary swan having a head, a beak, an S-shaped neck, a pair
of wings, a body and a tail, wherein an overall height of the swan-shaped dielectric is approximately equal to an overall
length thereof from a tip of the beak to a tip of the tail, wherein a length from an outermost point of a base of the neck
to the tip of the tail comprises approximately 86.5% to approximately 88.5% of the overall height and overall length, wherein
a height from a tip of the wings to a bottom surface of the body comprises approximately 77.4% to about 79.2% of the overall
height and overall length, wherein a height from a top of the head to a top the neck comprises approximately 2.2% to about
2.3% of the overall height and overall length, wherein a height from the tip of the beak the top of the head comprises approximately
20.3% to about 20.8% of the overall height and overall length, wherein a height from the bottom surface of the body to the
tip of the tail comprises approximately 24.8% to about 25.4% of the overall height and overall length, wherein a width of
the head comprises approximately 9.8% to about 10% of the overall height and overall length, Wherein a width from wing tip
to wing tip comprises approximately 42.9% to about 43.8% of the overall height and overall length, wherein a width from an
inner surface of one wing to an inner surface of the other wing comprises approximately 32.3% to about 33.1% of the overall
height and overall length, wherein a width of the base of the neck comprises approximately 9.8% to about 10% of the overall
height and overall length, wherein a width of the bottom surface of the body comprises approximately 25.6% to about 26.2%
of the overall height and overall length, wherein a width of each wing comprises approximately 7.5% to about 7.7% of the overall
height and overall length, wherein a width of the body comprises approximately 38.3% to about 39.2% of the overall height
and overall length, and wherein when excited the swan-shaped dielectric resonates at about 1.83 GHz and in a frequency band
of about 1.57 GHz to about 2.16 GHz.

US Pat. No. 9,043,995

TRANSGENIC FISH AND USES THEREOF

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. An expression cassette comprising:
a reporter nucleotide sequence encoding a reporter protein;
an estrogen-responsive 5?-regulatory nucleotide sequence selected from the group consisting of SEQ ID NO:2, SEQ ID NO:3, and
SEQ ID NO:4, wherein the regulatory nucleotide sequence is operably linked 5? to the reporter nucleotide sequence to induce
expression of the reporter protein in the presence of estrogen or an estrogen-like compound; and

a 3?-regulatory region operably linked 3? to the reporter nucleotide sequence.

US Pat. No. 9,419,347

CIRCULARLY POLARIZED ANTENNA

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a half-loop of a half-loop plane perpendicularly connected to a ground of a ground plane, wherein the half-loop comprises
an open circuit comprising a first half-loop end and a second half-loop end; and

an electric dipole situated parallel to the ground plane and situated perpendicularly to the half-loop plane, wherein the
first half-loop end connects to a first end of the electric dipole and the second half-loop end connects to a second end of
the electric dipole.

US Pat. No. 9,250,730

TARGET ACQUISITION SYSTEM FOR USE IN TOUCH SCREEN GRAPHICAL INTERFACE

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A target acquisition system for use in a touch screen graphical user interface for selecting a desired target from a plurality
of potential selectable targets, comprising:—
a) means for defining a local region of interest (ROI) of predefined shape and area;
b) means for, on contact of a user's finger on the touch screen, allowing activation of the ROI;
c) means for ordering the potential selectable targets within the ROI into a one-dimensional (1-D) ordered list;
d) means for mapping movement of the finger on the touch screen; and
e) means for selecting the desired target from the plurality of potential selectable targets;
wherein the system is configured to allow operation of said defining in step a), said activation in step b), said ordering
in step c), said mapping in step d) and said selection in step e) in a single touch action, and

wherein the ordering of the potential selectable targets is determined by one or more factors selected from a group including
initial movement direction of the finger in contact with the touch screen, sizes of the potential selectable targets, shapes
of the potential selectable targets, distances of the potential selectable targets from a reference point or the reference
point, and structural information extracted from the potential selectable targets.

US Pat. No. 9,450,404

CURRENT DISTRIBUTION APPARATUS

City University of Hong K...

1. A current distribution apparatus comprising:
a common current source; and
a plurality of branches in connection with the common current source, each of the plurality of branches including a first
coil and a second coil;

wherein the common current source is arranged to distribute an input current into the plurality of branches such that the
input current is divided into a plurality of individual branch currents in the plurality of branches; and

wherein the first coil of each branch is respectively inductively coupled with the second coil of an adjacent branch to define
a transformer unit so that the current distribution apparatus comprises a plurality of transformer units that are connected
in a daisy chained manner.

US Pat. No. 9,336,402

SECURE DATA IN REMOVABLE STORAGE DEVICES VIA ENCRYPTION TOKEN(S)

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A system that facilitates securing data associated with one or more removable storage devices, comprising:
a token component associated with a key value, wherein the token component is configured to be communicatively connectable
to a host device and is distinct from one or more removable storage devices respectively associated with a master key file;
and

a security component that is configured to control access to the one or more removable storage devices based at least in part
on a communicative connection state of the token component in relation to the host device and satisfaction of a rule related
to comparing the key value and the master key file, wherein the one or more removable storage devices are configured to be
communicatively connectable to the host device and to store or provide data.

US Pat. No. 9,323,218

GENERATING FULL-PARALLAX DIGITAL HOLOGRAMS

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A system, comprising:
at least one memory that stores computer executable components; and
at least one processor that facilitates execution of the computer executable components stored in the at least one memory,
the computer executable components, comprising:

a holographic generator component that generates an intermediate object wavefront recording plane on a virtual diffraction
plane from a downsampled three-dimensional object scene, wherein the intermediate object wavefront recording plane is within
a defined distance of the downsampled three-dimensional object scene; and

a hologram enhancer component that expands the intermediate object wavefront recording plane to generate a three-dimensional
hologram representative of a three-dimensional object scene associated with the downsampled three-dimensional object scene,

wherein the hologram enhancer component generates respective square supports on the downsampled three-dimensional object scene
that surround, and are larger in size than, respective sampled object points of the downsampled three-dimensional object scene
and replaces the respective sampled object points with respective image blocks on the intermediate object wavefront recording
plane and records respective wavefront patterns of the respective image blocks on the intermediate object wavefront recording
plane,

wherein the respective image blocks correspond in size to the respective square supports of the respective sampled object
points,

wherein the respective square supports comprise a first square support that surrounds a first sampled object point of the
respective sampled object points and a second square support that surrounds a second sampled object point of the respective
sampled object points, and a first side of the first square support adjoins a second side of the second square support that
is adjacent to the first square support,

wherein the respective image blocks are larger in size than respective regions of the respective sampled object points that
would be on the intermediate object wavefront recording plane had the respective sampled object points not been replaced with
the respective image blocks, and

wherein the respective sampled object points cast respective windows of object waves on the virtual diffraction plane.

US Pat. No. 9,479,114

QUADRATURE VOLTAGE CONTROLLED OSCILLATOR

City University of Hong K...

1. A quadrature voltage controlled oscillator, comprising:
a first voltage controlled oscillator having a first current source, a first oscillator circuit, a first tuning circuit, and
a first resonator tank electrically connected with each other;

a second voltage controlled oscillator having a second current source, a second oscillator circuit, a second tuning circuit,
and a second resonator tank electrically connected with each other;

the first oscillator circuit comprises a first transistor, a second transistor and a first biasing circuit connected between
the first and second transistors for biasing the first and second transistors to operate in Class-C mode;

the second oscillator circuit comprises a third transistor, a fourth transistor and a second biasing circuit connected between
the third and fourth transistors for biasing the third and fourth transistors to operate in Class-C mode;

wherein bulk terminals of the first and second transistors are coupled with drain terminals of the third and fourth transistors
respectively, and bulk terminals of the third and fourth transistors are coupled with drain terminals of the first and second
transistors respectively, such that the first voltage controlled oscillator is electrically coupled with the second voltage
controlled oscillator.

US Pat. No. 9,394,547

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DELIVERY OF MOLECULES TO CELLS

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A method of delivering substance to target cells, comprising steps of:
a) providing a system comprising an assembly including a plurality of elongate non-hollow nanoneedles forming a nanoneedle
array for delivering the substance into the cells, at least some of the nanoneedles having a non-uniform diameter with a wider
upper end, a narrower lower end for penetration into the cells and a length from substantially 200 nm to 100 um, wherein the
lower end has a diameter from substantially 20-436 nm, wherein adjacent nanoneedles are spaced apart by substantially 5-50
um for minimizing multiple nanoneedles penetrating into one cell causing cell death, and wherein:

i) said nanoneedles are made from a material grown from pre-deposition and selected from the group consisting of diamond,
cubic boron nitride, carbon nitride, boron nitride, boron carbon nitride, metal borides and essentially boron materials, followed
by treatment of a post-deposition of reactive ion etching, thus forming a structure of said nanoneedles, allowing said nanoneedles
to maintain sufficient thinness and yet adequate rigidity during penetration; and

ii) 1) applying the nanoneedles onto the cells grown on substrates at a speed of 0<5 m/s;
or
2) applying the nanoneedles onto the cells grown on substrates with a centrifugation force from 0.5 to 10 nN;
or
3) applying the cells suspended in a fluid to the nanoneedle array at a rate from 1 to 10 m/s;
b) allowing the substance be released or diffused from the nanoneedles into the cells intra-cellularly;
c) applying the nanoneedle array to the cells under centrifugation at a speed from 300-1000 rpm (12.8-142 g); and
d) allowing the substance to form a complex with a transfection reagent.

US Pat. No. 9,258,759

MOBILE INTERNET SERVICE SYSTEM FOR LONG DISTANCE TRAINS

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A method of providing communication services to client devices in a transport system, the method comprising:
receiving, at a given router among a plurality of routers provided in the transport system, status information of one or more
of the plurality of routers; and

based on the status information, the given router routing communications between a remote server accessible through a first
network and a client device connected to the given router through a second network different than the first network.

US Pat. No. 9,460,435

ADVANCING A COMMITTED TRANSACTION TIME

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A method for validation in an e-commerce transaction, comprising:
receiving, by a second device comprising a processor and a memory from a first device comprising another processor and another
memory over a network, a time capsule signature for an e-commerce transaction message for a committed time and a sampled witness
value based on the committed time generated by the first device, wherein the committed time is based on a trusted time server
arbitrating the e-commerce transaction between the first device and the second device;

receiving, by the second device from the first device over the network, a pre-hatched signature for the e-commerce transaction
message based upon the time capsule signature and the sampled witness value generated by the first device using a first algorithm;
and

validating, by the second device, the e-commerce transaction message using the pre-hatched signature before the committed
time, comprising:

generating, by the second device, a hatched signature for the e-commerce transaction message based on the time capsule signature
and the sampled witness value using a second algorithm, wherein the pre-hatched signature and the hatched signature are distinguishable
from each other; and

identifying, by the second device, that a time of validating the e-commerce transaction message using the pre-hatched signature
is prior to the committed time based on the prehatched signature and the hatched signature being distinguishable from each
other.

US Pat. No. 9,346,079

COMPOSITE OF POROUS SUBSTRATE AND ONE-DIMENSIONAL NANOMATERIAL AND METHOD FOR PREPARING THE SAME, SURFACE-MODIFIED COMPOSITE AND METHOD FOR PREPARING THE SAME

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A method for manufacturing a composite of a porous substrate and a one-dimensional nanomaterial, wherein the porous substrate
in the composite is a porous material having a porosity of 70% or above, and the porous material is selected from porous foamed
metal, porous foamed plastics, alloy, organic substance or ceramics, and metallic skeleton with three-dimensional network
of pores of 100 nm to 1 mm, the method comprising:
1) immersing the porous substrate in a catalytic seed solution, and sonicating for 1-180 min;
2) drying the soaked porous substrate obtained in step 1), and annealing at 200-500° C. for 1-180 min; and
3) immersing the substrate obtained in step 2) in a growth solution to obtain the composite of the porous substrate and the
one-dimensional nanomaterial.

US Pat. No. 9,335,321

METHOD FOR SCREENING AGENT WITH ANGIOGENIC-MODULATING ACTIVITIES USING TELEOST EMBRYO

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A biological method of screening an agent having angiogenic modulating activity, which is carried out by a hierarchical
3-tier biological screening assay system comprising:
(i) in the first tier,
(a) treating teleost embryos with a test agent at different concentrations covering seven orders of magnitude, while simultaneously,
testing a control group

(b) observing the vascular system of said embryos, wherein said embryos are at least 3-day old embryos, for any alteration
in the constant number of intersegmental vessels at the different concentrations of the test agent;
wherein any observed alteration in the constant number of intersegmental vessels in the teleost embryo treated with the test
agent will lead to a conclusion that the test agent is an angiogenic modulating agent and the agent will proceed to the second
tier for further testing;
(ii) in the second tier,
(a) plotting a dose response curve to show the dose response relationship of the test agent as compared to a control;
(b) determining the highest concentration at which there are no statistically significant increases in the percentage of adverse
effects on teleost embryos between the group exposed to the test agent and the control group, wherein said adverse effects
include death or malformation of the teleost embryos;
wherein said highest concentration is determined to be the no observed adverse effect concentration (NOAEC) and the test agent
will proceed to the third tier for further testing;
(iii) in the third tier,
(a) determining whether the test agent at the level of NOAEC induces adverse effects at the organ level and cellular level
in teleost embryos thereby resulting in an evaluation of the safety of said test agent, and

(b) determining the parameters of the angiogenic modulating activity of said test agent at the level of NOAEC.

US Pat. No. 9,270,234

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A POWER AMPLIFIER AND A LOAD MODULATION NETWORK

City University of Hong K...

1. A method for operating a power amplifier comprising the steps of:
determining a first impedance generated by a first amplifier component of the power amplifier;
determining a second impedance generated by a second amplifier component of the power amplifier; and,
adjusting the first impedance or the second impedance to an optimal impedance condition by altering a current ratio of a current
delivered by the first amplifier component and a current delivered by the second amplifier component;

wherein the power amplifier includes a first impedance transformer associated with the first amplifier component arranged
to adjust the first impedance, and a second impedance transformer associated with the second amplifier component arranged
to adjust the second impedance;

wherein the first and second impedances are adjusted by adjusting transformer impedances of the first impedance transformer
and the second impedance transformers;

wherein the transformer impedances are represented by an impedance/current ratio relationship whereby altering of the current
ratio adjusts the transformer impedances; and

wherein the current ratio is defined by a current delivered by the second amplifier component divided by a current delivered
by the first amplifier component for a high power region.

US Pat. No. 9,466,879

SOLAR ENERGY COLLECTION ANTENNAS

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A solar energy collection antenna, comprising:
a suspended plate antenna (SPA) element coupled to a reflective ground plane, wherein the SPA element is adapted to enhance
reflected solar radiation associated with the reflective ground plane; and

at least one solar cell adapted to receive at least a portion of the reflected solar radiation.

US Pat. No. 9,414,462

INDUCTIVE POWER TRANSFER FOR DRIVING MULTIPLE ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DIODE PANELS

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. An inductive power transfer system, comprising:
a plurality of transformers electrically coupled to one another in a daisy-chain formation;
a plurality of power modules operatively coupled to respective ones of the plurality of transformers, wherein respective output
voltages of the plurality of transformers are configured to provide power to organic light emitting diode panels in response
to respective ones of the organic light emitting diode panels being coupled to respective ones of the plurality of the power
modules via respective detachable transformers mechanically and operatively coupled to the respective ones of the organic
light emitting diode panels; and

a single switching module operatively coupled to the plurality of transformers, wherein an output current of the single switching
module is configured to drive the inductive power transfer system.

US Pat. No. 9,318,905

WIRELESS OPTICAL CHARGING AND POWER SUPPLY

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A system, comprising:
at least one memory that stores computer executable components; and
at least one processor that facilitates execution of the computer executable components stored in the at least one memory,
the computer executable components, comprising:

a detector component that detects an electronic device in response to the electronic device being in proximity to a charger
substrate component of a charger component, wherein the detector component determines a type or a brand of the electronic
device based at least in part on a tag or a code associated with the electronic device that is detected from the electronic
device;

a charger controller component that identifies a charging coverage area of the charger substrate component that corresponds
to at least a location of the electronic device in relation to the charger substrate component and controls a set of light
sources of the charger component to facilitate illumination of a subset of light sources of the set of light sources associated
with the charging coverage area, based at least in part on the location of the electronic device in relation to the charger
substrate component and the type or the brand of the electronic device, to facilitate charging or powering the electronic
device; and

an optical processor component that employs a set of lenticular lenses associated with the set of light sources, wherein the
set of lenticular lenses processes an optical wavefront of light sources of the subset of light sources and expands an illumination
coverage area of the subset of light sources, based at least in part on the processing of the optical wavefront, to facilitate
reducing a number of light sources in the subset of light sources used to cover the charging coverage area as compared to
a larger number of light sources that would otherwise be employed by the system to cover the charging coverage area without
the set of lenticular lenses, and wherein the larger number is larger than the number.

US Pat. No. 9,282,621

ENERGY-RECYCLING BURN-IN APPARATUS AND METHOD OF BURN-IN FOR ELECTRONIC BALLASTS

City University of Hong K...

1. An apparatus for burning-in an electronic ballast, comprising:
a first stage for emulating an input impedance characteristic of a lamp for the electronic ballast, wherein the first stage
comprises at least one active electronic component;

a processing unit arranged to control the at least one active component so as to emulate the input impedance characteristic
of a lamp;

a second stage connected to the first stage for providing energy feedback to a power supply;
an input of the first stage for connecting to the electronic ballast to be burnt-in; and
an output of the second stage for connecting to the power supply to provide energy feedback to said power supply from the
electronic ballast being burnt-in.

US Pat. No. 9,389,162

DETECTION OF ANALYTE USING COFFEE-RING EFFECT

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

12. A method, comprising:
mixing a first liquid solution of unknown composition with a second liquid solution comprising a set of non-magnetic suspended
particles resulting in a mixed liquid solution whereby a surface of the set of non-magnetic suspended particles is functionalized
to target an analyte, wherein the set of non-magnetic suspended particles comprises a first subset of non-magnetic suspended
particles and a second subset of non-magnetic suspended particles, wherein the first subset of non-magnetic suspended particles
comprises a first size and a first shape, and wherein the second subset of non-magnetic suspended particles comprises a second
size and a second shape that are different from the first size and the first shape;

dispensing a drop of the mixed liquid solution on a surface of a solid substrate;
evaporating the drop, wherein the evaporating in connection with an altered resistance to capillary flow of the mixed liquid
solution disperses the set of non-magnetic suspended particles in a ring pattern based on at least one property of the set
of non-magnetic suspended particles defined in relation to a presence of the analyte or an absence of the analyte in the first
liquid solution; and

based on an image inspection of the ring pattern and information corresponding to the at least one property, detecting the
presence of the analyte or the absence of the analyte in the first liquid solution, wherein a difference between the first
size, the first shape, the second size, and the second shape of the first subset of non-magnetic suspended particles and the
second subset of non-magnetic suspended particles respectively creates the altered resistance to capillary flow after the
set of non-magnetic suspended particles segregates apart or aggregates together as a result of the presence or the absence
of the analyte in the first liquid solution.

US Pat. No. 9,224,941

SYSTEM WITH MAGNETICALLY STABLE STATES AND METHOD FOR ASSERTING MAGNETICALLY STABLE STATE

City University of Hong K...

1. A system with at least two magnetically stable states, comprising:
an elongated, electrically conductive magnetic element with a geometry that supports two-fold, energetically-degenerate magnetic
configurations, the elongated, electrically conductive magnetic element comprising:

a first magnetic vortex;
a second magnetic vortex; and
a flower state region situated off-center of a minor axis of the elongated, electrically conductive magnetic element,
wherein the flower state region is a region of magnetic intersection along a major axis of the elongated, electrically conductive
magnetic element between the first magnetic vortex and the second magnetic vortex, and

wherein the first magnetic vortex, the second magnetic vortex, and the flower state region are positioned in a first magnetically
stable configuration.

US Pat. No. 9,435,050

METHOD OF MAKING A POROUS TIO2 PHOTONIC FILM

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A method of making a porous titanium dioxide structure having a photonic color, the method comprising:
providing a pair of electrodes in contact with an electrolyte solution;
anodizing a titanium substrate in the electrolyte solution, by passing an electric current having a voltage or current profile
through the electrolyte solution and the pair of electrodes in the presence of a first electric field, thereby forming a layer
of dense titanium dioxide from the titanium substrate, wherein the first electric field is applied in a first field direction
that is transverse to the titanium substrate;

etching part of the layer of dense titanium dioxide in the electrolyte solution, by passing an electric current having the
voltage or current profile through the electrolyte solution and the pair of electrodes, in the presence of a second electric
field, thereby forming a layer of porous titanium dioxide within part of the layer of dense titanium dioxide and that includes
pores extending to an outer surface of the layer of porous titanium dioxide, wherein the second electric field is applied
in a second field direction that is parallel to the titanium substrate; and

adjusting the voltage or current profile and duration of the voltage or current profile while anodizing the titanium substrate
and while etching the layer of dense titanium dioxide, thereby controlling the photonic color of the porous titanium dioxide
structure.

US Pat. No. 9,257,893

USB POWER SUPPLY

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A universal serial bus (USB) power supply including:
a first unit, and
a second unit releasably connectable with said first unit,
wherein said first unit is releasably connectable to a direct current (DC) power source for receiving a DC power there-from,
said first unit including a first USB connection part electrically connectable with said DC power source,

wherein said second unit includes a second USB connection part releasably connectable with said first USB connection part
to establish electrical connection and data communication there-between and a connector electrically connected with said second
USB connection part,

wherein said power supply is operable in a detached mode in which said first unit is out of connection with said second unit
and in an attached mode in which said first unit is releasably connected with said second unit,

wherein, when in said attached mode, said power supply is adapted to automatically change the voltage of a DC power output
from said connector,

wherein said power supply includes a current sensor which, when said power supply is in said attached mode, is adapted to
detect electricity current output from said first USB connection part,

wherein said first unit includes a converter adapted to change the voltage of a DC power received from said DC power source
for output, and

wherein, when said power supply is in said attached mode, and during detection by said current sensor of said electricity
current output from said first USB connection part, said converter is adapted to first output a DC power at a first pre-determined
voltage and to increase the voltage of DC power outputted thereby from said first pre-determined voltage until said current
sensor senses a step change of the electric current output from said first USB connection part, whereupon said converter is
adapted to continue to output a DC power at the voltage at which said step change of the electric current output from said
first USB connection part is detected.

US Pat. No. 9,478,840

TRANSMISSION LINE AND METHODS FOR FABRICATING THEREOF

City University of Hong K...

1. A dielectric microstrip line comprising:
a transmission medium defined by a plurality of dielectric layers, wherein the dielectric layers include:
a first dielectric layer having a first width and a first dielectric constant;
a second dielectric layer having a second width and a second dielectric constant; and
a third dielectric layer having a third width and a third dielectric constant, the third dielectric constant being less than
the first and second dielectric constants,

wherein the third dielectric layer is disposed between the first and second dielectric layers;
the first dielectric layer is in the form of a strip, with the first width less than the second and third widths;
wherein each of the dielectric layers is non-metallic; and the dielectric microstrip line is free of metal or metallic conductors.

US Pat. No. 9,477,541

DETERMINING FAULTY NODES VIA LABEL PROPAGATION WITHIN A WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK

City University of Hong K...

1. A method, comprising:
determining, by a system comprising a processor, one or more propagation delays associated with one or more packets of a network;
propagating, by the system, data of one or more faulty node devices of one or more labeled data vectors associated with the
one or more propagation delays;

predicting, by the system, one or more other faulty node devices of one or more unlabeled data vectors;
based on the predicting the one or more other faulty node devices, determining a label of the one or more unlabeled data vectors;
and

in response to the determining the label of the one or more unlabeled data vectors, associating the one or more unlabeled
data vectors with the one or more other faulty node devices.

US Pat. No. 9,469,808

LOADED PARTICLES AND THE METHOD OF PREPARING THEREOF

City University of Hong K...

1. A method of preparing a particle loaded with a target molecule, comprising steps of:
preparing the particle with layered structure having at least one interlayer space,
expanding the at least one interlayer space to form at least one expanded interlayer space,
introducing the target molecule to the at least one expanded interlayer space by modifying the target molecule to form a modified
target molecule, and

covalently bonding the modified target molecule with the layered structure.

US Pat. No. 9,305,398

METHODS FOR CREATING AND DISPLAYING TWO AND THREE DIMENSIONAL IMAGES ON A DIGITAL CANVAS

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A method of creating a three-dimensional image from a two-dimensional picture, the method comprising:
generating a plurality of lines from a plurality of spaced points for each line, each point comprising image data, by interpolating
the space between adjacent points of a given line, wherein the plurality of lines together create a two-dimensional picture;

creating a set of multi-view images, each multi-view image comprising a left-eye image and a right-eye image, both the left-eye
image and right-eye image created from the two-dimensional picture, each multi-view image being created by applying an offset
factor to each point in the two-dimensional picture; and

integrating the set of multi-view images to create a three-dimensional image capable of being displayed on a three-dimensional
autostereoscopic display.

US Pat. No. 9,515,487

POWER FLOW CONTROL APPARATUS

City University of Hong K...

1. A power flow control apparatus adapted to be arranged between a first power source and a second power source, the power
flow control apparatus comprising:
a current distribution circuit arranged to distribute an input current received from the first power source into a plurality
of branches, such that the input current is distributed into a plurality of branch currents, wherein each of the plurality
of branches includes an inductive arrangement arranged to form an inductive coupling with an associated inductive arrangement
of at least one other associated branch; and

a plurality of compensator units arranged in the plurality of branches, each of the plurality of compensator units is arranged
to deliver a respective branch compensating voltage so as to alter an output voltage of the power flow control apparatus to
thereby regulate power flow between the first power source and the second power source;

wherein the plurality of compensator units are arranged to operate in substantially the same phase such that the plurality
of branch currents have substantially the same phase in steady state.

US Pat. No. 9,307,252

VIEW SYNTHESIS DISTORTION MODEL FOR MULTIVIEW DEPTH VIDEO CODING

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A system, comprising:
at least one memory that stores computer-executable instructions; and
at least one processor, communicatively coupled to the at least one memory, that facilitates execution of the computer-executable
instructions to at least:

receive an encoder configured to encode a first portion of a multiview depth information input stream associated with depth
information for a smooth region of a scene differently than a second portion of the multiview depth information input stream
associated with other depth information for a texture region of the scene;

receive a view synthesis distortion model comprising a first slope region corresponding to the depth information for the smooth
region and a second slope region corresponding to the other depth information for the texture region, a first slope value
of the first slope region is updated based on pixel distortion related to perturbing pixel position in the smooth region,
and a second slope value of the second slope region is updated based on pixel distortion related to perturbing pixel position
in the texture region;

encode the first portion of the multiview depth information input stream based on the encoder and the first slope value; and
encode the second portion of the multiview depth information input stream based on the encoder and the second slope value,
different from the first slope value.

US Pat. No. 9,608,741

ELECTRONIC APPARATUS FOR USE IN A COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

City University of Hong K...

1. An electronic apparatus for use in a communication system comprising:
a switching module arranged to combine a plurality of input signals received by a plurality of input ports in connection with
the switching module to define a combined input signal having a plurality of frequency components; and

a loading module arranged to receive the combined input signal from the switching module and to individually separate each
of the plurality of frequency components of the combined input signal by processing the combined input signal with a plurality
of resonating networks, each arranged to resonate at a resonance frequency associated with each of the plurality of frequency
components of the combined input signals, wherein the loading module is arranged to output an output signal having a desired
frequency component separated from the plurality of frequency components separated of the combined input signal to an output
port in connection with the loading module, and the plurality of frequency components further include an image frequency component.

US Pat. No. 9,566,927

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETECTING HEAT EMITTING OBJECTS

City University of Hong K...

1. A sensing system of detecting presence or absence of a heat emitting person, the heat generated external to the system,
comprising a platform configured to receive the person, the platform defining an area in which a temperature gradient with
the person exists, a thermoelectric sensor placed at a position of the platform such that in use the thermoelectric sensor
is in physical or thermal contact with the person for generating an electrical voltage indicative of the presence or absence
of the temperature gradient and/or the magnitude of the temperature gradient, an indicator for indication of the presence
or absence of the person to be detected and a data logger for recording signals and data generated by the thermoelectric sensor,
wherein an increase of electrical voltage at the thermoelectric sensor is indicative of an increasing temperature gradient
thus the presence of the person and a decrease of electrical voltage at the thermoelectric sensor is indicative of a decreasing
temperature gradient thus the absence of the person whereby detection of presence or absence of the person is based on change
of temperature; and wherein:—
the thermoelectric sensor includes one p-n diode or an array of p-n diodes, and the diode(s) is/are adapted to convert thermal
power from the heating emitting object to electrical power for signal generation, whereby heat energy from the heat emitting
person is converted to electrical energy and thus the electrical voltage; and

the thermoelectric sensor is configured to detect the change of temperature with a predetermined lag time and a threshold
of the temperature gradient.

US Pat. No. 9,441,003

MEMBRANE STAINING DYES CONTAINING PHOSPHORESCENT TRANSITION METAL POLYPYRIDINE COMPLEXES

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A staining dye for staining a biological cell, comprising dye molecules with a positively charged polar head group for
attraction to cell membrane of the cell, and one or more hydrophobic groups for interaction with phospholipids of the cell
membrane and for minimizing the dye molecules from entering the cell, wherein the dye molecules are transition metal polypyridine
complexes having a metal center and ligands which are non-organic fluorophores.

US Pat. No. 9,363,626

DETERMINING FAULTY NODES WITHIN A WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

16. An apparatus comprising:
a memory to store executable instructions; and
a processor, coupled to the memory, that executes or facilitates execution of the executable instructions to at least:
determine one or more end-to-end packet transmission delays associated with one or more packets of a network; and
determine that a condition, relating to a failure of the one or more packets of the network is satisfied based on a comparison
between the one or more end-to-end packet transmission delays and a relationship defined based on maximum a posteriori probabilities,
wherein the maximum a posteriori probabilities comprise a marginal probability and a conditional probability, and wherein
the conditional probability comprises a maximum likelihood estimation.

US Pat. No. 9,350,664

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING DATA IN A NETWORK

City University of Hong K...

1. A method for transmitting data in a network comprising the steps of:
determining a traffic congestion variable of a data transmission node arranged to receive data from one or more source nodes
of the network;

using the traffic congestion variable to select a preferred transmission mode for use by the one or more source nodes to transmit
data to the data transmission node; and

switching an operating transmission mode of each of the one or more source nodes to the preferred transmission mode such that
the one of more source nodes transmit data to the data transmission node with the preferred transmission mode, wherein the
one or more source nodes are arranged to transmit data in only one operating transmission mode;

wherein the step of switching the operating transmission mode of each of the one or more source nodes to the preferred transmission
mode includes switching on or off the only one operating transmission mode; and

wherein the switching on or off of the only one operating transmission mode is determined by comparing the traffic congestion
variable with a predetermined threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,518,335

METHOD OF FABRICATING IMPROVED POROUS METALLIC MATERIAL AND RESULTING STRUCTURE THEREOF

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A method of manufacture of an electrode having a porous metallic material and a coating of varying thickness on the porous
material, comprising sequential steps of:
i) providing, by way of melting, a structure made of an alloy system with at least a first metal component of Cu or Zn and
a second metal component selected from the group consisting of Au, Ag, Pt and Cu, wherein the first metal component is more
reactive than the second metal component;

ii) subjecting the structure to Surface Mechanical Attrition Treatment (SMAT) for duration varying from 30 seconds to 12 minutes,
forming a first SMAT-treated structure;

iii) selectively etching away the more reactive first metal component in the SMAT-treated structure by immersion in an electrolyte
of hydrochloric acid with or without a voltage field applied, thus forming a first etched away or fabricated porous structure
of Au, Ag, Pt or Cu; and

iv) electrochemically depositing electroactive material onto the fabricated porous Au, Ag, Pt or Cu with varied deposition
amount.

US Pat. No. 9,311,302

METHOD, SYSTEM AND MEDIUM FOR CHARACTER CONVERSION BETWEEN DIFFERENT REGIONAL VERSIONS OF A LANGUAGE ESPECIALLY BETWEEN SIMPLIFIED CHINESE AND TRADITIONAL CHINESE

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A computer-implemented method for character conversion between different regional versions of a language, the method comprising:
receiving, by a computer system, an input document comprising a plurality of source characters in a source regional version
of a language, wherein the computer system comprises a computer processor and a tangible memory that stores instructions for
controlling the computer processor, and wherein the computer system is in communication with a plurality of data resources
that stores data items regarding the source regional version of the language and other regional versions of the language;

finding for each of the source characters, by the computer system, a target character in a target regional version of the
language, from the plurality of data resources which are managed by the computer system using multiple categories with their
priorities comprising at least one of two kinds of priorities: a relevance priority and an authority priority;

performing for all of the source characters of the input document, by the computer system, a conversion from the source regional
version of the language to the target regional version of the language based on data items in a desired data resource of the
plurality of data resources; and

outputting, by the computer system, a target document comprising the converted target characters;
wherein the input document comprises one or combination of a character, a word, a sentence, and m sentences; and
the word consists of two or more characters, the sentence consists of two or more words; m is an integer greater than or equal
to 2, and wherein

the source regional version of the language is one of simplified version and traditional version of Chinese character,
the target regional version of the language is the other of the simplified version and traditional version of Chinese character,
the data resources comprise authoritative publications and informal on-line resources,
the categories comprise any combination of at least personal category, regional terms category, words category, one-to-many
characters category, and one-to-one characters category,

the categories are indicated by priority items which indicate levels of at least the two kinds of priorities, and
finding the target character for the source character and performing the conversion between Simplified Chinese and Traditional
Chinese comprises:

converting one-to-one characters and tag one-to-many characters by reverse maximum matching over all the data resources according
to the priories; and

matching and converting one-to-many characters using both priority probability and N-Gram-based probability.

US Pat. No. 9,588,490

NEURAL CONTROL HOLOGRAPHY

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A system, comprising:
at least one memory that stores executable components; and
at least one processor that executes or facilitates execution of the executable components, comprising:
a detector component that detects a set of signals associated with brain activity of a brain of a user, wherein the set of
signals comprises at least a first signal associated with a first frequency band and a second signal associated with a second
frequency band; and

a holographic processor component that determines a set of optical parameters of the optical setting of a hologram and controls
the set of optical parameters of the optical setting of the hologram, based at least in part on a result of an analysis of
the set of signals that indicates a first signal strength of the first signal associated with the first frequency band with
respect to the user and a second signal strength of the second signal associated with the second frequency band with respect
to the user at a given time, to generate a processed hologram for presentation to the user, wherein the processed hologram
represents an object scene, and wherein the set of optical parameters comprise at least one of a focus parameter, a zoom parameter,
or a three-dimensional effect parameter relating to the optical setting of the hologram to facilitate the generation of the
processed hologram.

US Pat. No. 9,509,034

N-WAY COAXIAL WAVEGUIDE POWER DIVIDER/COMBINER

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A power divider/combiner, comprising:
a dielectric substrate between an upper metal sheet and a lower metal sheet;
metal connectors that link the upper metal sheet and the lower metal sheet forming a cavity within the dielectric substrate
with ports formed in the cavity, wherein the ports are substantially radially symmetrical around a circumference of the cavity;
and

a coaxial common port that is formed in an axis of the cavity, perpendicular to the ports, wherein a transmission received
at the coaxial common port is transmittable to the ports based on an orientation of probes associated with the ports.

US Pat. No. 9,313,846

DRIVER FOR TWO OR MORE PARALLEL LED LIGHT STRINGS

City University of Hong K...

1. A LED driver for driving a plurality of parallel LED light strings, comprising:
a common master power converter; and
a plurality of parallel cascaded slave power converters each electrically connected between the common master power converter
and a respective one of the plurality of parallel LED light strings;

wherein, in use, the common master power converter is arranged to provide a major part of a driver voltage for each of the
plurality of parallel LED light strings, and each of the plurality of slave power converters are arranged to provide a residue
balancing voltage to the respective LED light string; and

wherein the plurality of slave power converters are arranged to regulate the residue balancing voltage so as to balance currents
in the plurality of parallel LED light strings.

US Pat. No. 9,192,003

ELECTRICAL LOAD DRIVING APPARATUS

City University of Hong K...

1. An electrical load driving apparatus comprising: a thyristor circuit arranged to control a transmission of an electric
power to an electrical load; wherein the thyristor circuit is connected to a conversion module arranged to convert a characteristic
of the thyristor circuit to operate with a load characteristic of the electrical load; and wherein the conversion module is
arranged to alter a reactive power delivered from the thyristor circuit.

US Pat. No. 9,535,057

METHOD OF IN VIVO SCREENING FOR CARDIAC TOXIC AGENTS USING TELEOST

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A method of screening agents for the ability to alter heart rate and regularity of heart beat rhythm, which comprises:
a. incubating a transparent embryo or larva of a teleost in medium containing testing agent;
b. optionally, immobilizing said embryo or larva on a surface;
c. videoing the circulation of blood cells of said embryo or larva under a microscope equipped with a camera connected to
a recording device; and

d. analyzing the video with image analysis software in which moving blood cells within each video frame are detected and quantified,
in order to obtain a series of data points from each video frame from either a part of the video or the whole of the video;

e. applying power spectral analysis to analyze the series of data points, in order to obtain a cardiac rhythmicity index;wherein the cardiac rhythmicity index is inversely correlated with the regularity of heart beat rhythm.

US Pat. No. 9,703,050

DEVICE FOR ROUTING LIGHT AMONG A SET OF OPTICAL WAVEGUIDES

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A system, comprising:
a first waveguide that comprises an optically transparent material having first refractive index (RI);
a second waveguide that comprises the optically transparent material;
a switching element between the first waveguide and the second waveguide, wherein the switching element comprises the optically
transparent material and comprises a plurality of pores filled with liquid crystal material, and wherein the liquid crystal
material has a second refractive index (RI) that is higher than the first RI of the optically transparent material;

a first transparent electrode on a first side of the switching element; and
a second transparent electrode on a second side of the switching element, wherein the first transparent electrode on the first
side of the switching element and the second transparent electrode on the second side of the switching element are separated
by the optically transparent material that comprises a first portion of the plurality of pores, wherein the first transparent
electrode comprises a second portion of the plurality of pores and the second transparent electrode comprises a third portion
of the plurality of pores, wherein, in response to application of a voltage to the first transparent electrode and the second
transparent electrode that creates a homogeneous electric field associated with the plurality of pores, a refractive index
of the plurality of pores filled with the liquid crystal material changes to the second RI and a light stream conveyed in
a first conveying direction via the first waveguide reflects to a second conveying direction via the second waveguide, and
wherein the first conveying direction and the second conveying direction are divergent.

US Pat. No. 9,583,837

DIFFERENTIAL PLANAR APERTURE ANTENNA

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A differential aperture antenna, comprising:
a pair of grounded coplanar waveguides;
a first port formed at a first free end of a first coplanar waveguide of the pair of grounded coplanar waveguides and a second
port formed at a second free end of a second coplanar waveguide of the pair of grounded coplanar waveguides;

an H-shaped cavity formed on a ground surface between the pair of grounded coplanar waveguides, and a surface metal strip,
wherein the cavity comprises lobes, wherein the lobes are substantially symmetric across an axis between the first port and
the second port; and

a cross shaped patch within the cavity and above the ground surface comprising a pair of first arms that extend the lobes,
respectively, and a pair of second arms that extend towards and connect to the first port and the second port, respectively,
wherein the cross shaped patch is symmetric across the first axis and across a second axis between respective ends of the
lobes, and wherein the first arms are longer than the second arms.

US Pat. No. 9,948,460

MULTIVARIATE CRYPTOGRAPHY BASED ON CLIPPED HOPFIELD NEURAL NETWORK

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A system, comprising:a processor; and
a memory that stores executable instructions that, when executed by the processor, facilitate performance of operations, comprising:
initializing a system parameter;
randomly generating a private key based on Diffie-Hellman key exchange between the system and a message recipient device;
generating a base matrix pair as a function of the private key that is synchronized with another base matrix pair received by the system from the message recipient device:
determining a threshold vector using the system parameter and the private key resulting in a synchronized threshold vector with the message recipient device, wherein the determining the threshold vector is based on a function of a summation of respective results of a set of functions of the synchronized base matrix pair and a multivariate public key, and based on a summation value received by the system from the message recipient device;
encrypting a communication based on the synchronized threshold vector and the synchronized base matrix pair; and
transmitting the communication to the message recipient device via a transmission device.

US Pat. No. 9,542,043

FACILITATION OF ERROR TOLERANT IMAGE TRACING OPTIMIZATION

City University of Hong K...

1. A method, comprising:
identifying, by a network device comprising a processor, a stroke associated with an image, a point within the stroke, and
a radius associated with the point, wherein the stroke snaps to an image edge that is parallel to a stroke direction of the
stroke resulting in the stroke being positioned near the image edge;

applying, by the network device, a condition related to a magnitude of a gradient of the image;
in response to the condition being determined to have been satisfied, removing, by the network device, a pixel of a set of
pixels and identifying, by the network device, another pixel of the set of pixels; and

sampling, by the network device, a position associated with the other pixel of the set of pixels.

US Pat. No. 9,650,402

HETERODINUCLEAR PLATINUM-RUTHENIUM COMPLEXES, PREPARATION THEREOF AND THERAPEUTIC USE THEREOF

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A heterodinuclear platinum and ruthenium (Pt—Ru) complex having a chemical structure of Structure I:

wherein X1, X2, X?, X?, Y?, Y?, Z, Z? are electron donor ligands selected from a group consisting of: nitrogen (N)-containing ligands, oxygen
(O)-containing ligands, phosphorous (P)-containing ligands, sulfur (S)-containing ligands, and halogens,

wherein Y is pyridine,
wherein A is an arene,
wherein W is a linker unit with any length to link Y and Z together, and
wherein n is 0, any positive or negative value.

US Pat. No. 9,847,784

FACILITATION OF INCREASED LOCKING RANGE TRANSISTORS

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A method, comprising:
forming a four-terminal transistor comprising a first injection transistor and a second injection transistor and a first cross-coupled
transistor and a second cross-coupled transistor on a single transistor cell, wherein the first cross-coupled transistor,
and the second cross-coupled transistor are n-type metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors;

connecting a first gate of the second cross-coupled transistor, a second drain of the first injection transistor and of the
first cross-coupled transistor to a first terminal;

connecting a first drain of the second cross-coupled transistor and of the second injection transistor, and a fourth gate
of the first cross coupled transistor to a second terminal;

connecting a second gate of the second injection transistor, and a third gate of the first injection transistor to a third
terminal;

connecting a first source of the second cross-coupled transistor, a second source of the first injection transistor and the
second injection transistor, and a third source of the first cross-coupled transistor to a fourth terminal;

cross-connecting the first gate of the second cross-coupled transistor with the second drain of the first cross-coupled transistor;
and

cross-connecting the first drain of the second cross-coupled transistor with the fourth gate of the first cross-coupled transistor.

US Pat. No. 10,111,278

POWER AMPLIFIER CIRCUIT FOR COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

City University of Hong K...

1. A power amplifier comprising:an input for receiving an RF signal to be amplified;
a first power amplification circuit module arranged in electrical connection with the input for amplifying the RF signal;
a second power amplification circuit module electrically connected with the first power amplification circuit module for further amplifying the RF signal processed by the first power amplification circuit module;
a third power amplification circuit module electrically connected with the second power amplification circuit module for further amplifying the RF signal processed by the second power amplification circuit module;
a first biasing circuit electrically connected between the first and second power amplification circuit modules for compensating distortion of the RF signal so as to amplify the RF signal substantially linearly;
a second biasing circuit electrically connected between the second and third power amplification circuit modules for compensating distortion of the RF signal so as to amplify the RF signal substantially linearly;
an inter-stage matching circuit arranged between the second and third power amplification circuit modules; and
an output arranged to output the amplified RF signal.

US Pat. No. 9,923,599

TERAHERTZ INJECTION-LOCKED RADIATOR

City University of Hong K...

1. A high frequency radiator system comprising:
a voltage controlled oscillator (VCO) providing multiple-phase output;
a plurality of injection-locked frequency multipliers (ILFMs), wherein each ILFM of the plurality of ILFMs is coupled to a
different phase output of the VCO multiple-phase output; and

an antenna array having a plurality of antenna elements, wherein each ILFM of the plurality of ILFMs is coupled to a different
antenna element of the antenna array.

US Pat. No. 9,891,500

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR OPTICAL FREQUENCY COMB GENERATION USING A MICRORING RESONATOR

City University of Hong K...

1. A system for optical frequency comb generation, the system comprising:
a first fiber loop laser cavity;
a second fiber loop laser cavity, wherein the second fiber loop laser cavity comprises a different fiber loop than the first
fiber loop laser cavity; and

a microring resonator coupled to the first fiber loop laser cavity and the second fiber loop laser cavity, wherein the microring
resonator is configured to use laser light from both the first and second fiber loop laser cavities with four wave mixing
effect to generate an optical frequency comb.

US Pat. No. 9,972,451

POLYELECTROLYTE AND A METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING AN ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE

City University of Hong K...

1. A method for preparing a polyelectrolyte by reacting an effective amount of each of the following compounds in the presence of a polymerization initiator to link said compounds:a compound a) being a vinyl hybrid silica nanoparticle (VSNP); and
a compound b) containing the following structural unit of Formula (I) or a structural unit derived therefrom:
said method comprises steps of:a) providing an aqueous dispersion of the compound a);b) adding both, the compound b) and the polymerization initiator, to the dispersion obtained in step a) and stirring at a temperature of less than 10° C.;c) performing the polymerization at a temperature above 20° C.

US Pat. No. 9,912,247

DC LINK MODULE FOR REDUCING DC LINK CAPACITANCE

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A dc link for a power circuit, comprising:
a first connector for connecting to an output of a first power conversion circuit;
a second connector for connecting to an input of a second power conversion circuit, wherein the second power conversion circuit
is connected to a load circuit arranged to at least intermittently operate as a power source to the power circuit;

at least one dc link capacitor arranged between said first connector and said second connector for processing a voltage signal
received at said first connector or said second connector;

at least one voltage compensation circuit arranged between said first connector and said second connector and in connection
with the at least one dc link capacitor, said one or more voltage compensation circuits arranged to generate a voltage signal
to counter an ac ripple component in a dc voltage signal appearing across the at least one dc link capacitor, so as to provide
a smooth dc voltage signal to the second power conversion circuit, wherein a combination of the at least one dc link capacitor
and the at least one voltage compensation circuit is connected to the first connector and the second connector via a plurality
of dc bus lines; and

a controller comprising:
means for sampling the dc link capacitor voltage signal;
means for generating from said sampled dc link capacitor voltage signal a conditioned dc link capacitor voltage ripple signal;
means for sensing a voltage signal of the voltage compensation circuit;
means for conditioning the sensed voltage signal of the voltage compensation circuit;
means for obtaining a dc offset signal from the sensed voltage signal of the voltage compensation circuit;
means for compensating said conditioned dc link capacitor voltage ripple signal using the dc offset signal; and
means for obtaining drive signals for an active switching circuit of the voltage compensation circuit from said compensated
and said conditioned dc link capacitor voltage ripple signal.

US Pat. No. 9,809,893

SURFACE MECHANICAL ATTRITION TREATMENT (SMAT) METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR MODIFYING NANOSTRUCTURES

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A method, comprising:
anodizing a surface of an initial material to generate porous nanostructures extending into the surface, resulting in an anodized
surface;

applying a surface mechanical attrition treatment (SMAT) to the anodized surface to generate an anodized material comprising
the anodized surface and an enhanced charge trapping property as compared to the initial material, wherein the SMAT comprises:

arranging a ball between the anodized surface of the anodized material and an ultrasonic horn connected to an ultrasonic transducer
configured to convert an electrical signal into an oscillating wave, wherein the ultrasonic horn is configured to emit a first
wave at a specified frequency upon an oscillation of the ultrasonic horn;

emitting, by the ultrasonic horn, the first wave at the specified frequency;
inducing movement, by the first wave, of the ball, wherein the movement of the ball is induced to occur at a target ball speed
selected to achieve a reorganization of atoms of the anodized material in a lattice structure, and wherein the target ball
speed is selected to be a speed at which more than the reorganization of the atoms does not substantially occur; and

colliding the ball, at the target ball speed with the anodized surface of the anodized material to achieve the reorganization
of the atoms of the anodized material to comprise a lattice strain, of the anodized surface resulting in the enhanced charge
trapping property of the anodized material.

US Pat. No. 9,813,042

CONVERTING A SINGLE-ENDED SIGNAL TO A DIFFERENTIAL SIGNAL

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A device, comprising:
a printed circuit board component that comprises a bottom metal layer and a top metal layer, wherein the bottom metal layer
is connected to the top metal layer by an array of metal posts, and wherein the array of metal posts is arranged to form a
substrate integrated waveguide network configured to transmit a set of electromagnetic waves corresponding to a single-ended
signal represented according to a bandwidth;

a coaxial to waveguide adaptor component comprising a coaxial cable port portion and a waveguide port portion, wherein the
waveguide port portion guides the set of electromagnetic waves to the substrate integrated waveguide network;

a rectangular window component located on the bottom metal layer that affixes to the coaxial to waveguide adaptor component;
and

a first coaxial terminal and a second coaxial terminal that couple a first subset and a second subset of electromagnetic waves
of the set of electromagnetic waves thereby generating a transformed set of electromagnetic waves corresponding to an impedance
bandwidth based on geometric parameters of the device.

US Pat. No. 10,011,848

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DELIVERY OF SUBSTANCE INTO MAMMALIAN CELLS

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A system of delivering particles of nano-scale into mammalian cells with a diameter of 50 ?m or less, comprising a container containing the mammalian cells, the particles, a pressure-exerting member for generating transient apertures of substantially 1-200 nm on surface of the cells, a magnetic mechanism configured to generate a magnetic force to act on the pressure-exerting member thus to move the pressure exerting member, a control mechanism for effecting movement of the pressure-exerting member in a predetermined motion pattern, a balance configured to indicate magnitude of pressure exerted on the surface of the mammalian cells, and a monitoring mechanism, wherein:the pressure-exerting member has a length not longer than one-third of the width of the container;
the pressure-exerting member and the particles are free of chemical bonding there between before a delivery exercise;
the pressure-exerting member has a cylindrical profile, with an outer shell containing an iron core and a biocompatible material for securing the iron core in the outer shell;
the outer shell is made of an inert material or glass, and the biocompatible material is polydimethylsiloxane; and
the system is free of use of electrical field in the delivery of the particles.

US Pat. No. 9,921,400

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MANIPULATING AN OBJECT FOR IMAGING

City University of Hong K...

1. A method for manipulating an object for imaging by an imaging device, comprising the steps of:
(a) rotating the object about a rotation axis into a plurality of angular positions comprising a first angular position, a
second angular position and a third angular position;

(b) capturing an image of the object at each of the plurality of angular positions;
(c) determining a respective translation required of the object for the plurality of angular positions, the translation being
along a plane substantially orthogonal to the rotation axis; the respective translation being arranged to align the object
to the rotation axis so as to maintain the object within a field of view of the imaging device, the determination step comprises:

mapping a position of the object in an object space to a position of the object on the image in an image space; and
determining a translation required of the object in the object space based on a position difference of the object in the images
in the image space; and

(d) comparing the position difference with an error threshold ?mag to determine if translation determined would be sufficient to move the object into an optimized position.

US Pat. No. 9,812,889

BATTERY CHARGING SYSTEM

City University of Hong K...

1. A charging module for a battery charging system, said module comprising:
a charging surface for receiving a secondary module for charging an electronic device;
a plurality of transformer windings formed in a multilayer structure comprising at least two layers, the multilayer structure
positioned beneath the charging surface, each of the transformer windings being substantially parallel to the charging surface,
each of the layers comprising at least one transformer winding, a transformer winding of a second of the layers being offset
relative to a transformer winding of a first of the layers; and

a charging circuit in a housing not including the charging surface or the multilayer structure, the charging circuit electrically
coupled to the transformer windings.

US Pat. No. 10,054,507

ELECTRIC DEVICE FOR DETECTING PRESSURE

City University of Hong K...

1. A method of fabricating an electric device for detecting pressure, comprising the steps of:providing a first layer of material arranged to define an electric current channel on a first side of a substrate; and
providing a pressure sensitive structure on a second side opposite to the first side of the substrate by forming a spacer structure on the second side of the substrate and attaching a third layer of material on the spacer structure so as to encapsulate a second layer of material between the third layer of material and the substrate.

US Pat. No. 9,819,088

APERTURE-COUPLED MICROSTRIP-LINE FEED FOR CIRCULARLY POLARIZED PATCH ANTENNA

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A circularly polarized patch antenna, comprising:
a metal patch;
a ground plane with slots etched into the ground plane, wherein the slots are radially positioned around a locus of the ground
plane and a top side of the ground plane is opposite the metal patch, wherein each slot of the slots has three linear segments,
with a first linear segment radiating out from the locus, a second linear segment, connected to the first linear segment at
a first right angle to the first linear segment, and a third linear segment joined to the second linear segment at a second
right angle to the second linear segment, and wherein the third linear segment extends in a same direction as an origin of
the first linear segment; and

a hook shaped microstrip line printed onto a circuit board around the locus and on a bottom side of the ground plane, wherein
the microstrip line is underneath the slots.

US Pat. No. 9,698,672

INPUT FILTER FOR A POWER ELECTRONIC SYSTEM

City University of Hong K...

1. A filter circuit arrangement for a power electronic system, comprising:
a feedback circuit connected between an output of a power converter and an input to one or more switches of the power converter,
the feedback circuit comprising

a series-pass device selectively controlled to effect control of one or more operation parameters of the one or more switches
to thereby control an input characteristic of a power converter;

a voltage sensor arranged to sense a voltage across the series-pass device for controlling the one or more operation parameters
of the one or more switches; and

a voltage comparator arranged to compare the sensed voltage across the series-pass device with a second reference voltage,
and to output a voltage for controlling the one or more operation parameters of the one or more switches;

wherein the series-pass device is connected in series between an input of the power converter and a power source; and
wherein the series-pass device is controlled such that noise signal generated by the one or more switches is filtered and
is prevented from reaching the power source.

US Pat. No. 9,736,907

FACILITATING IMPROVED LUMINANCE UNIFORMITY IN ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DIODE DEVICE PANELS

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A method, comprising:
operating an organic light emitting diode (OLED) device comprising:
an anode;
a semiconductor material coupled to the anode; and
a cathode coupled to the semiconductor material; and
dissipating heat of the OLED device in a first defined pattern to increase a luminosity uniformity of the OLED device, wherein
the dissipating the heat in the first defined pattern comprises causing a first temperature value at a first region of the
OLED device and causing a second temperature value at a second region of the OLED device, wherein the dissipating the heat
in the defined pattern comprises using a hollow heat sink to decrease a temperature of the OLED device, and wherein a magnitude
of a voltage across a cross-section of the OLED device is in a second defined pattern that is a converse of the first defined
pattern, wherein the second defined pattern comprises a group of values, wherein a least value of the group of values is located
at a midpoint of the second defined pattern equidistant between two endpoints of the second defined pattern, wherein greatest
values of the group of values are located at the two endpoints, and wherein the second defined pattern is V-shaped.

US Pat. No. 9,860,543

RATE CONTROL FOR CONTENT TRANSCODING

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A system, comprising:
a processor; and
a memory that stores executable instructions that, when executed by the processor, facilitate performance of operations, comprising:
receiving an input content stream comprising a previously encoded content stream, wherein the previously encoded content stream
is encoded according to a first set of quantization parameters;

determining a second set of quantization parameters based on decoded content that is decoded from the previously encoded content
stream; and

generating an output content stream via a re-encoding of the decoded content based on the second set of quantization parameters
and a bit usage of the previously encoded content stream, wherein the second set of quantization parameters is updatable based
on a buffer condition for a window of frames re-encoded from a portion of the decoded content.

US Pat. No. 9,812,545

ELECTRONIC DEVICE FOR DATA STORAGE AND A METHOD OF PRODUCING AN ELECTRONIC DEVICE FOR DATA STORAGE

City University of Hong K...

1. A method of producing an electronic device for data storage comprising the steps of:
producing a plurality of metal nanoparticles, wherein the plurality of metal nanoparticles each include a metal core and a
metal shell, said step of producing a plurality of metal nanoparticles including the steps of:

producing the metal cores of the metal nanoparticles; and
producing the metal shells arranged to encapsulate the metal cores of the metal nanoparticles; and
depositing a memory storage element on a substrate of the electronic device; wherein the memory storage element includes the
plurality of metal nanoparticles; wherein the memory storage element is arranged to represent two or more memory states of
the electronic device; and wherein the step of depositing the memory storage element on the substrate of the electronic device
comprises the steps of:

producing a monolayer of the plurality of metal nanoparticles; and thereafter
transferring the produced monolayer the substrate.

US Pat. No. 9,711,738

NICKEL COMPLEXES FOR FLEXIBLE TRANSISTORS AND INVERTERS

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A semiconductor device, comprising:
a substrate with a bilayer octadecylphosphonic acid (ODPA)/aluminum oxide (Al2O3) dielectric; and
a nickel charge transfer (CT) complex comprising a counter-cation of diquat or methyl-viologen applied on the substrate.

US Pat. No. 9,667,981

RATE CONTROL FOR CONTENT TRANSCODING

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A transcoder system, comprising:
a decoder that receives an input content stream comprising a first encoding of an external content stream generated by an
external encoder, and receives a first set of quantization parameters, wherein the decoder generates a decoded content stream
from the input content stream, determines a second set of quantization parameters, and determines a bit usage of the first
encoding; and

an encoder that receives the decoded content stream, initiates a second encoding of the decoded content stream based on the
second set of quantization parameters and the bit usage of the first encoding, generates at least one transcoding control
value based, at least in part, on a window of frames from the second encoding of the decoded content stream, and generates
an output content stream based on the decoded content stream and the transcoding control value.

US Pat. No. 10,032,966

MATERIAL FOR AN ELECTRONIC DEVICE

City University of Hong K...

1. A method of producing a material for an electronic device, comprising the steps of:synthesizing a plurality of carbon nitride particles, wherein the step of synthesizing the plurality of carbon nitride particles comprises the step of mixing citric acid with thiourea to form a precursor of the plurality of carbon nitride particles; and
mixing a siloxane material to the plurality of carbon nitride particles to form a substance; andwherein the substance is arranged to emit light in a predetermined range of wavelength upon receiving an excitation energy.

US Pat. No. 9,769,073

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING DATA IN A NETWORK

City University of Hong K...

5. A data communication network, comprising:
a data transmission node with channels arranged to receive data from a plurality of source nodes:
the plurality of source nodes being arranged to transmit data to the date transmission node through the channels using, selectively
and exclusively, an optical burst switching mode and an optical circuit switching mode;

a controller arranged to determine a traffic congestion variable of the data transmission node, the traffic congestion variable
being a measure of utilization of the channels of the data transmission node;

a comparator arranged to compare the determined traffic congestion variable with a congestion threshold and with a recovery
threshold smaller than the congestion threshold; and

a switching module arranged to:
(i) switch all source nodes that are utilizing the channels of the data transmission node and are operating in optical circuit
switching mode from the optical circuit switching mode to the optical burst switching mode for subsequent data transmission
when the determined traffic congestion variable changes from above the recovery threshold to below the recovery threshold;
and

(ii) switch all source nodes that are utilizing the channels of the data transmission node and are operating in the optical
burst switching mode from the optical burst switching mode to the optical circuit switching mode for subsequent data transmission
when the determined traffic congestion variable changes from below the congestion threshold to above the congestion threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,568,675

WAVEGUIDE COUPLER

City University of Hong K...

1. A dielectric waveguide coupler comprising:
(a) a first coupling portion arranged to be connected at one end with a metallic waveguide;
(b) a second coupling portion arranged to be connected at one end with a dielectric waveguide; and
(c) a wave modulation portion connecting the first and second coupling portions, the wave modulation portion being arranged
to modulate power of a sub-millimeter wave signal transferred between the metallic waveguide and the dielectric waveguide;

(d) wherein the wave modulating portion comprises a mode shaper arranged to:
modulate a first mode field of the sub-millimeter wave signal received from the first coupling portion to a second mode field
of the sub-millimeter wave signal adapted for the dielectric waveguide, or modulate a first mode field of the sub-millimeter
wave signal received from the second coupling portion to a second mode field of the sub-millimeter wave signal adapted for
the metallic waveguide;

(e) wherein the dielectric waveguide coupler is made of plastic or thermoplastic material;
(f) wherein the dielectric waveguide coupler is arranged for sub-millimeter wave and terahertz frequency range applications;
(g) wherein the metallic waveguide comprises a substantially rectangular cross section and the dielectric waveguide comprises
a substantially circular cross section;

(h) wherein the first coupling portion has a substantially rectangular cross section and the second coupling portion has a
substantially circular cross section.

US Pat. No. 10,050,350

DIFFERENTIAL PLANAR APERTURE ANTENNA

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A differential aperture antenna, comprising:an H-shaped cavity formed on a ground surface between a pair of grounded coplanar waveguides, and a surface metal strip, wherein the H-shaped cavity comprises lobes, wherein the lobes are substantially symmetric across an axis between a first port and a second port; and
a cross shaped patch within the H-shaped cavity and above the ground surface comprising a pair of first arms that extends into the lobes, respectively, and a pair of second arms that extend towards and connect to the first port and the second port, respectively, wherein the cross shaped patch is symmetric across the first axis and across a second axis between respective ends of the lobes, and wherein the first arms are longer than the second arms.

US Pat. No. 9,843,082

MICROSTRIP LINE FILTER

City University of Hong K...

10. A microstrip line filter comprising a plurality of resonators, at least one of the plurality of resonators being end-coupled
with an adjacent one of the plurality of resonators through a via-coupling mechanism having a shared metallic via; wherein
the shared metallic via has a substantially circular cross section; wherein at least one of the plurality of resonators is
end-coupled with an adjacent one of the plurality of resonators through a gap-coupling mechanism having a gap disposed between
the respective ones of the plurality of resonators.

US Pat. No. 9,966,662

ANTENNA

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. An antenna for use in a communication system comprising:a plurality of plates connected to a ground plane, wherein the plurality of plates includes plates that are parallel to each other, and when the plurality of plates are excited by at least two electrical signals, the plurality of plates are arranged to radiate at least two electromagnetic signals each having an independent resonant frequency; and
a probe feeder and a strip feedline both arranged to feed the plurality of plates;
wherein the combination of the plurality of plates, the ground plane and the probe feeder is arranged to operate as a Fabry-Perot resonator antenna; and
wherein the combination of the plurality of plates, the ground plane and the strip feedline is arranged to operate as a waveguide resonator antenna.

US Pat. No. 9,905,938

DUAL POLARIZED HIGH GAIN AND WIDEBAND COMPLEMENTARY ANTENNA

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A dual-polarized antenna, comprising:
a ground plane;
a dipole portion electrically coupled to the ground plane, wherein the dipole portion comprises a port comprising a feeding
element comprising microstrip lines that are electrically connected, via a shorting pin, to L-shaped strips, and wherein the
feeding element is configured to generate an electric dipole and a magnetic dipole;

a shorted patch antenna portion comprising an open end that is electrically coupled to the dipole portion; and
a metal plate located at a bottom portion of the dual-polarized antenna.

US Pat. No. 10,170,839

CIRCULARLY POLARIZED PLANAR APERTURE ANTENNA WITH HIGH GAIN AND WIDE BANDWIDTH FOR MILLIMETER-WAVE APPLICATION

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. An antenna, comprising:a substrate comprising:
a patch section, wherein the patch section is a crossed-patch having a first windmill shape, and opposite arms of the first windmill shape of the patch section are offset on different sides from a center line running through a center of the patch section in a first direction of the opposite arms of the first windmill shape of the patch section; and
an opening cavity that surrounds portions of the patch section, wherein the opening cavity has a second windmill shape and comprises a metal material.

US Pat. No. 10,033,335

DOHERTY POWER AMPLIFIER

City University of Hong K...

1. A Doherty power amplifier, comprising:a main device in a main amplifier circuit;
an auxiliary device in an auxiliary amplifier circuit arranged in parallel with the main amplifier circuit;
a load modulation network, comprising:
a first open-circuited transmission line connected with an output of the main device;
a second open-circuited transmission line connected with an output of the auxiliary device; and
an impedance transformation and phase compensation network connected with the output of the main device and the output of the auxiliary device for providing a combined output power;
wherein the first and second open-circuited transmission lines are arranged directly adjacent one another to form, during operation, a mutual coupling therebetween.

US Pat. No. 9,983,185

CHEMOSENSING HYDROGEL FOR THE DETECTION OF BIOGENIC AMINES

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A chemical complex for detection of biogenic amines, comprising a chemical structure of Structure I:

US Pat. No. 10,113,999

METHOD AND A DEVICE FOR DETECTING A SUBSTANCE

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A device for detecting a substance comprising:a light source arranged to emit a light signal through a sample cell, wherein the sample cell is arranged to temporally house a sample compound having a portion of the substance; and
an optical processing module arranged to detect the light signal emitted through the sample cell to identify physical attributes of the light signal altered by the sample compound at multiple wavelengths, the light signal is at least partially absorbed by the sample compound in the sample cell;
wherein the physical attributes of the light signal altered by the sample compound are processed by fitting the physical attributes at the multiple wavelengths to a reference absorption spectrum of the substance so as to detect the substance within the sample compound; and wherein the optical processing module includes a light sensor and a micro-electric-mechanical-system arranged to enable the light sensor to detect the physical attributes of the altered light signal at the multiple wavelengths; and
wherein the optical processing module is further arranged to process the detected physical attributes using an iterative retrieval process so as to correct a non-linear effect of the light signal altered by the sample compound in a dispersive infrared spectroscopy measurement process; the iterative retrieval process includes:
a convolution process of high resolution cross sections with an instrument spectral resolution of the optical processing module; and
a second order polynomial in a fitting process between a measured absorption spectrum and a reference absorption spectrum of the sample compound; wherein the fitting process is carried out using a modified absorption cross section represented by:

 where L represents a distance that the light signal passes through the sample compound, c represents a concentration of the sample compound, and F represents an instrument function associated with an influence of the instrument on the spectra including the sampling process.

US Pat. No. 9,950,455

WAVEGUIDES

City University of Hong K...

1. A method for fabricating a dielectric waveguide adapted to operate at frequencies between 60 GHz and 1 THz, the dielectric waveguide including a body comprised of a cladding and a core; the method comprising the steps of:injection molding both the core and the cladding using a thermoplastic material; and
forming the body such that the core and the cladding together define a rectangular portion and tapered probe portions arranged at both ends of the rectangular portion;
wherein the thermoplastic material comprises polyethylene, polypropylene or a combination thereof.

US Pat. No. 9,890,327

PHOSPHORESCENT TRANSITION METAL COMPLEX, ITS PREPARATION AND USE

City University of Hong K...

1. A phosphorescent metal complex comprising:
a metallic central atom selected from a transition metal;
a first ligand comprising at least one pyridine ring, wherein the nitrogen atom of said pyridine ring is coordinated to the
metallic central atom;

a second ligand comprising at least one pyridine ring and at least one 1,2-diketone moiety, wherein the nitrogen atom of said
pyridine ring is coordinated to the metallic central atom, wherein the second ligand further comprises an amine group and
a nitro group attached to a phenyl ring, and wherein the phenyl ring is linked to said pyridine ring by said 1,2-diketone
moiety.

US Pat. No. 9,634,618

IMPEDANCE MATCHING ARRANGEMENT FOR AN AMPLIFIER

City University of Hong K...

21. An amplifier comprising
an RF input arranged to receive an RF signal to be amplified;
an RF output arranged output the amplified RF signal;
first and second power amplification stages arranged between the RF input and the RF output for amplifying the RF signal,
each of the first and second power amplification stages having two input ports and two output ports;

wherein two impedance matching arrangements are arranged between the first and second power amplification stages, each impedance
matching arrangement comprises:

first and second metallic transmission lines arranged on a ground plane, the first metallic transmission line being connected
with an output port of first power amplification stage, the second metallic transmission line being connected with an input
port of the second power amplification stage; wherein the first and second metallic transmission lines are electrically coupled
for transmitting the RF signal from the first power amplification stage to the second power amplification stage; and

wherein the two impedance matching arrangements are electrically connected, with each impedance matching arrangement connected
with a respective output port of the first power amplification stage and a respective input port of the second power amplification
stage, wherein the first and second power amplification stages each comprises a cascode amplifier circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,177,430

APPARATUS AND A METHOD FOR ELECTROMAGNETIC SIGNAL TRANSITION

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

18. An apparatus for electromagnetic signal transition, comprising:a signal receiving structure arranged to receive an electromagnetic signal having a first physical characteristic arranged to be compatible for the electromagnetic signal to be transmitted on a transmission structure; and
a substrate integrated waveguide arranged to receive the electromagnetic signal transmitted from the signal receiving structure, wherein during the transmission of the electromagnetic signal to the substrate integrated waveguide, the first physical characteristic is converted to a second physical characteristic arranged to be compatible for the electromagnetic signal to be transmitted on the substrate integrated waveguide, wherein:
the substrate integrated waveguide comprises a first metal sheet positioned at a first side of a substrate, and a second metal sheet positioned at a second side opposite to the first side of the substrate,
the first metal sheet comprises at least one slot thereon,
the at least one slot is elongated in shape and includes opposite sides, and
wherein the electromagnetic signal at the opposite sides of each of the at least one slots are 180° out-of-phase.

US Pat. No. 9,960,497

COIL-BASED ARTIFICIAL ATOM FOR METAMATERIALS, METAMATERIAL COMPRISING THE ARTIFICIAL ATOM, AND DEVICE COMPRISING THE METAMATERIAL

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An artificial atom forming a metamaterial, comprising:a first coiling unit comprising first channels that are parallel to each other and arranged in a first direction, one of the first channels being an output channel which outputs a wave propagating through the first channels to a point; and
a second coiling unit connected with the first coiling unit and comprising second channels that are parallel to each other and arranged in a second direction different from the first direction, one of the second channels being an input channel which inputs a wave propagating through the second channels from the point.

US Pat. No. 9,843,102

SHORTED BOWTIE PATCH ANTENNA WITH PARASITIC SHORTED PATCHES

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A shorted bowtie antenna assembly, comprising:
shorted patch elements of first respective surfaces positioned above a ground plane, wherein a first shorted patch element
of the shorted patch elements is electrically connected to a tapered portion of a conductive element, and wherein a second
shorted patch element of the shorted patch elements is electrically coupled to a non-tapered portion of the conductive element
that is connected to a feed element;

parasitic patch elements of second respective surfaces positioned above the ground plane and physically separated from the
conductive element and the shorted patch elements; and

shorting elements coupled to the ground plane and at least one of the shorted patch elements, or at least one of the parasitic
patch elements.

US Pat. No. 9,823,623

CONVERSION OF COMPLEX HOLOGRAMS TO PHASE HOLOGRAMS

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A system, comprising:
at least one memory that stores computer-executable components; and
at least one processor, coupled to the at least one memory, that executes or facilitates execution of the computer-executable
components, comprising:

a holographic generator component that receives or generates a complex hologram that represents an object scene, wherein the
complex hologram comprises a set of pixels, and the complex hologram comprises a magnitude portion and a phase portion; and

a hologram processor component that partitions the complex hologram into a set of hologram segments comprising a first hologram
segment and a second hologram segment that is adjacent to the first hologram segment in a row of the complex hologram, converts
a first complex value of a first pixel of the first hologram segment to a first phase value, and performs an error diffusion
process to facilitate diffusion of a first error associated with the first complex value being converted to the first phase
value to facilitate generation of a phase hologram that corresponds to the complex hologram,

wherein the first hologram segment comprises the first pixel, a second pixel that is adjacent to the first pixel, and a last
pixel, wherein the second hologram segment comprises a second-hologram-segment pixel that is adjacent to the last pixel of
the first hologram segment in the row of the complex hologram,

wherein the hologram processor component diffuses the first error associated with the first pixel to first neighbor pixels,
comprising the second pixel, in proximity to the first pixel based at least in part on first coefficient values, converts
a last complex value of the last pixel of the first hologram segment to a last phase value, and diffuses at least a portion
of a second error associated with the last pixel being converted to the last phase value to second neighbor pixels in proximity
to the last pixel of the first hologram segment based at least in part on second coefficient values that are different from
the first coefficient values, wherein the second neighbor pixels do not include the second-hologram-segment pixel, wherein
the second neighbor pixels have not been scanned,

wherein the hologram processor component performs the error diffusion process on the last pixel to facilitate localized diffusion
of at least the portion of the second error associated with the last pixel to the second neighbor pixels, and

wherein the hologram processor component applies a low-pass filter to the last pixel to facilitate redistribution of at least
another portion of the second error associated with the last pixel by diffusion of at least the other portion of the second
error to the second hologram segment that is in proximity to the last pixel.

US Pat. No. 9,773,128

HOLOGRAPHIC ENCRYPTION OF MULTI-DIMENSIONAL IMAGES

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A system, comprising:
at least one memory that stores executable components; and
at least one processor, coupled to the at least one memory, that executes or facilitates execution of the executable components,
the executable components comprising:

an image generator component that generates a first image that comprises a scaled source image and random content, wherein
a source image is modified to generate the scaled source image, and wherein the random content is inserted in one or more
locations within the first image that is or are not occupied by the scaled source image; and

a holographic cryptographic component that generates a complex hologram that represents the scaled source image and the random
content of the first image, converts the complex hologram to a phase hologram that represents the scaled source image and
the random content of the first image, and encrypts the phase hologram using a random phase mask as a private encryption key,
wherein the holographic cryptographic component generates the random phase mask and associates the random phase mask with
the phase hologram to encrypt the phase hologram to generate an encrypted hologram.

US Pat. No. 9,617,359

PERFLOUORO-T-BUTOXY ALLYL AND PROPARGYL ETHERS

City University of Hong K...

1. A compound of formula II:

US Pat. No. 9,603,795

COMPOSITE FOR PREPARING A TRANSDERMAL DELIVERY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR SYNTHESIZING THE COMPOSITE THEREOF

City University of Hong K...

1. A composite for preparing a transdermal delivery device, comprising at least one polymer and at least one macrocyclic molecule
at a weight ratio of 1:1, wherein the at least one polymer is selected from polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), PVP copolymers, PVP
derivatives, and a mixture thereof, and the at least one macrocyclic molecule is selected from cyclodextrin and derivatives
thereof; and the at least one polymer and the at least one macrocyclic molecule are adapted to form an inclusion complex.

US Pat. No. 9,960,493

PATCH ANTENNA

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A patch antenna, comprising:a substrate layer that comprises a first thermoplastic structure that comprises a first cavity filled with air, wherein the first cavity contains a feeding probe for the patch antenna;
a dielectric layer that is attached to a first surface of the substrate layer and comprises a second thermoplastic structure that comprises a second cavity filled with a nonmetal fluid; and
a conductive layer that is attached to a second surface of the substrate layer and the feeding probe contained within the first cavity filled with the air.

US Pat. No. 9,714,759

APPARATUS OR CIRCUIT FOR DRIVING A DC POWERED LIGHTING EQUIPMENT

City University of Hong K...

1. A circuit for controlling power being supplied to a dc-powered light element in a lighting circuit, comprising
a power control circuit arranged to connect directly to an output of an electronic ballast of the lighting circuit, the electronic
ballast including a first inverter having at least two switches connected to a resonant tank,

said power control circuit including a second inverter formed by at least two switching components, wherein a dc side of said
second inverter is arranged to connect to said dc-powered light element, and

wherein said second inverter is arranged to model input impedance characteristics for the electronic ballast so as to control
an active power and a reactive power drawn from the electronic ballast, such that said power control circuit is further arranged
to control and change a level of power being supplied to said dc-powered light element such that a maximum power received
by the dc-powered light element is equal to a rated output power of the electronic ballast.

US Pat. No. 10,390,408

FACILITATING IMPROVED LUMINANCE UNIFORMITY IN ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DIODE DEVICE PANELS

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A method, comprising:powering an organic light emitting diode (OLED) device comprising:
an anode;
a semiconductor material coupled to the anode; and
a cathode coupled to the semiconductor material, wherein the powering comprises operating the OLED device under a first power that is lower than a rated full power of the OLED device resulting in a first resistance value at a periphery area of the OLED device that is larger than a second resistance value at a center part of the OLED device under the rated full power;
using a hollow heat sink that is attached to a light emitting material of OLED device,
distributing heat around a panel of the OLED device to maintain a temperature distribution according to a V shape pattern, and
distributing current over multiple sections of the OLED device and around the panel of the OLED device; and
generating a substantially uniform luminosity across a surface of the OLED device based on the powering, using a cooling device, the distributing of the heat by dissipating heat in the V shape and the distributing of the current.

US Pat. No. 10,062,825

THERMO-ELECTRIC GENERATOR MODULE

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a mounting frame comprising slots;
a set of power recovery rods, wherein each power recovery rod of the set of the power recovery rods is inserted into a distinct slot of the mounting frame; and
a single lens overlying all of the power recovery rods of the set of the power recovery rods;
wherein each power recovery rod of the set comprises:
a heat absorption channel comprising a heat absorption member and a plurality of thermo-electric plates, wherein the plurality of thermo-electric plates are located on a surface of the heat absorption member, and wherein the heat absorption member comprises a cavity, a base, and an opening located opposite to the base of the heat absorption member,
wherein the single lens is located adjacent to the opening,
a heat dissipation region that encases the heat absorption channel, and
a pair of copper connector elements mounted to a top of the heat absorption member and adjacent to the opening, wherein the pair of copper connector elements are interposed between the single lens and the heat dissipation region; and
wherein the single lens magnifies light energy to an area comprising all of respective openings of heat absorption members of the power recovery rods and at least a portion of the magnified light energy enters respective cavities of the heat absorption members.

US Pat. No. 10,033,105

APERTURE-COUPLED MICROSTRIP-LINE FEED FOR CIRCULARLY POLARIZED PATCH ANTENNA

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A method, comprising:receiving a transmission at a microstrip line printed on a first side of a dielectric substrate, wherein the microstrip line is printed around a position on the dielectric substrate; and
coupling the transmission to a metal patch via non-linear slots etched into a ground plane on a second side of the dielectric substrate, wherein the non-linear slots are radially positioned around a locus of the ground plane and a top side of the ground plane is opposite the metal patch, wherein each non-linear slot of the non-linear slots has three linear segments, with a first linear segment radiating out from the locus, a second linear segment, connected to the first linear segment at a first right angle to the first linear segment, and a third linear segment joined to the second linear segment at a second right angle to the second linear segment, wherein the third linear segment extends in a same direction as an origin of the first linear segment, and wherein a portion of the transmission that couples to the metal patch via a non-linear slot of the non-linear slots is out of phase with respect to another portion of the transmission that couples to the metal patch via another non-linear slot of the non-linear slots other than the non-linear slot.

US Pat. No. 9,840,789

ETCHING IN THE PRESENCE OF ALTERNATING VOLTAGE PROFILE AND RESULTING POROUS STRUCTURE

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A method, comprising:
providing an alloy structure of at least two materials; and
etching the alloy structure by selectively removing at least one and less than all of the at least two materials from the
alloy structure in the presence of an alternating voltage profile, wherein the etching comprises forming a plurality of pores
in the alloy structure with openings of about 20 nm to about 500 nm in diameter and a purity of a remainder of the alloy structure
after the etching of at least about 70 percent for at least one remaining material of the at least two materials.

US Pat. No. 9,722,297

DIELECTRIC LOADED ELLIPTICAL HELIX ANTENNA

City University of Hong K...

1. An antenna comprising a helical winding surrounding a helix core with a loading formed of a dielectric material, wherein
said dielectric material comprises a plurality of spaced individual dielectric elements, such that the plurality of individual
dielectric elements are arranged together to define a generally tubular cavity within the helical winding, the plurality of
individual dielectric elements being affixed to only an inner side of said helical winding, said helical winding having a
longitudinal axis whereby a cross-sectional area of said helical winding in a plane perpendicular to said longitudinal axis
has a major axis and a minor axis perpendicular to the major axis, wherein the major axis and the minor axis have different
lengths.

US Pat. No. 9,912,301

FACILITATION OF INCREASED BANDWIDTH FOR A LOW NOISE AMPLIFIER

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a first transistor, comprising:
a first gate;
a first drain terminal; and
a first source terminal;
a second transistor, comprising:
a second gate;
a second drain terminal; and
a second source terminal; wherein the first transistor and the second transistor are arranged in a cascode topology;
a transformer, wherein the transformer is embedded between the second gate and the second drain terminal of the second transistor;
an inductor; and
a capacitor, wherein the inductor and the capacitor form an inductance capacitance pair, wherein the inductor and the capacitor
are connected in parallel, wherein the inductance capacitance pair is configured to achieve wideband input matching, and wherein
the inductance capacitance pair is located at an input node that is an input terminal associated with the first transistor.

US Pat. No. 9,959,149

SERVER FARM AND METHOD FOR OPERATING THE SAME

City University of Hong K...

1. A method for operating a server farm with a plurality of servers operably connected with each other, the method comprising the steps of:receiving a job request of a computational task to be handled by the server farm;
determining, from the plurality of servers, one or more servers operable to accept the job request;
determining a respective effective energy efficiency value associated with at least the one or more servers, the respective effective energy efficiency value of the servers being defined by: a service rate of the respective server divided by a difference between an energy consumption rate value when the respective server is busy and an energy consumption rate value when the respective server is idle; and
assigning the computational task to a server with the highest effective energy efficiency value;for maximizing energy efficiency of the server farm, defined by a ratio of a long-run expected throughput divided by an expected energy consumption rate value.

US Pat. No. 9,954,288

WAVEGUIDE FED AND WIDEBAND COMPLEMENTARY ANTENNA

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A complementary antenna, comprising:a first electrically conductive surface coupled to a dipole portion of the complementary antenna via a first group of electrically conductive pins formed within a first substrate associated with the dipole portion; and
a second electrically conductive surface coupled to the first electrically conductive surface via a second group of electrically conductive pins formed within a second substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,039,466

APPARATUS FOR DETECTION OF ELECTRICAL SIGNALS OF A BIOLOGICAL SUBJECT AND ELECTRODE THEREOF, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURE THEREOF

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. An electrographic apparatus for detection of electrical signals of a biological subject, comprising a biopotential electrode acting as a conductor, wherein:said electrode includes a first sheet material acting as a stretchable base layer for absorbing strain and deformation upon lateral stretching of said electrode in use;
a plurality of conducting pillars extending from said first sheet material;
said electrode is adapted to maintain a direct physical contact with the skin surface of a user, and the pillars are configured to remain in shape in use despite upon said lateral stretching of said electrode; and
a radius of said pillars, a height of said pillars, and a center to center distance between two adjacent pillars are 150 um to 1 mm, 100 um to <2 mm and 500 um to 5 mm, respectively;whereby said electrodes are configured with said pillars to be sufficiently stiff to maintain shape thereof despite when said base layer is under strain or deformation.

US Pat. No. 9,991,790

CURRENT CONTROL CIRCUIT

City University of Hong K...

1. A current control circuit arranged to regulate bi-directional current flow between a load and an external electric circuit, comprising:a series-pass device formed by
a first series-pass device arranged to enable current flow from the load to the external electric circuit; and
a second series-pass device connected in parallel with the first series-pass device, arranged to enable current flow from the external electric circuit to the load;
a bi-directional switched mode voltage converter;
a current feedback circuit, comprising:
a current detector arranged to detect the electric current flowing between the load and the external electric circuit; and
a current controller arranged to compare the detected electric current with a predetermined current value and generate a control signal for controlling the series-pass device so as to manipulate the electric current; and
a voltage feedback circuit, comprising:
a voltage sensor arranged to detect a voltage directly across the series-pass device; and
a voltage controller arranged to compare the detected voltage with a predetermined voltage value for controlling an output voltage of the bi-directional switched mode voltage converter so as to regulate the voltage across the series-pass device;
wherein the voltage across the series-pass device is regulated to be at a value such that the series-pass device can be controlled by the control signal.

US Pat. No. 9,966,661

PHASED ARRAY, A COHERENT SOURCE ARRAY, AN ANTENNA ARRAY AND A SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING THEREOF

City University of Hong K...

1. A control circuit for an antenna array, comprising:a signal source arranged to generate a reference signal with a phase;
three or more phase shifters connected with the signal source, each of the three or more phase shifters being arranged to process the reference signal and to output a respective phase-shifted signal;
three or more frequency locking circuits each connected with a respective phase shifter to receive and process the respective phase-shifted signal, each of the three or more frequency locking circuits comprises an oscillator arranged to provide an output signal to a respective transmitter circuit of a respective antenna element, the three or more frequency locking circuits being arranged to synchronize a frequency of the output signals; and
a phase control circuit connected between the three or more oscillators and the three or more phase shifters, wherein the phase control circuit comprises:
a phase detector array with two or more phase detectors, each arranged to determine a phase difference between the two adjacent output signals; and
a processor arranged to receive the determined phase differences, to compare the determined phase differences with a respective reference phase difference, and to output a respective phase compensation signal to respective phase shifters;
wherein the number of oscillators is more than the number of phase detectors by one.

US Pat. No. 9,670,561

APPARATUS AND A METHOD FOR SURFACE PROCESSING A METALLIC STRUCTURE

City University of Hong K...

1. A method for processing a surface, comprising the steps of:
supporting a structure having an inner surface on a platform,
disposing at least one ball adjacent to the inner surface,
positioning a reflecting member adjacent to the inner surface, wherein at least part of the reflecting member is arranged
within the structure,

wherein the at least one ball is adapted to vibrate by a vibrating means and to collide with the inner surface and the reflecting
member thereby creating an impact to the inner surface.

US Pat. No. 9,526,884

MECHANICALLY ROBUST FAST-DISSOLVING MICRONEEDLES FOR TRANSDERMAL DRUG AND VACCINE DELIVERY

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A microneedle structure comprising a plurality of microneedles, wherein each of said microneedles is comprised of at least
one dissolvable polymer and a nanomaterial, wherein said nanomaterial is well-dispersed throughout each of said microneedles,
and wherein said nanomaterial comprises layered double hydroxide nanoparticles in a concentration between about 5 wt % and
about 10 wt % relative to the mass of said polymer in the composite solution, and wherein said polymer comprises sodium carboxymethylcellulose.

US Pat. No. 10,197,607

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ESTIMATING COMPONENT PARAMETERS

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A method for controlling a power supply with a plurality of estimated component parameters relating to electric components of an electric circuit comprising the steps of:receiving one or more sample variables associated with the electric circuit;
applying the one or more sample variables to a plurality of component relationships associated with an arrangement of the electric components of the electric circuit;
processing the plurality of component relationships with an approximation process to determine the one or more estimated component parameters, wherein the approximation process is a recursive least square process;
providing the plurality of estimated component parameters to a controller arranged to control a switching module of the power supply; and
controlling the switching module of the power supply with the plurality of estimated component parameters;wherein the plurality of estimated component parameters are determined during an operation of the switching module;wherein the electric circuit is a LC filter comprising one or more inductors and one or more capacitors; and
wherein the plurality of estimated component parameters include:
a capacitance value associated with each of the one or more capacitors;
an inductance value associated with each of the one or more inductors; and
a series resistance value associated with each of the one or more inductors;
wherein the plurality of component relationships include:
a capacitance relationship arranged to be applied with the recursive least square process to derive one or more capacitance values associated with one or more capacitors, wherein the capacitance relationship is given by:

wherein:
(iin) is the input current to the electric circuit;
(iout) is the output current to the electric circuit;
(vn) is the node voltages of one or more nodes of the electric circuit;
(vrcn) is the voltage drop corresponding to the ESR of a respective one of the one or more capacitors; and
C1, C2, . . . , Cn are estimated capacitance values of each of the capacitors in the electric circuit
an inductor current relationship to derive one or more inductor current values associated with each of the one or more inductors, wherein the inductor current relationship is given by:

wherein:
(in+1) is the input current to a next inductor in series;
(in) is the output current to the inductor;
(Cn) is the capacitance value of the capacitor associated with the inductor derived in a previous step with the capacitance relationship; and
(dvn/dt) is the change in voltage across the capacitor over time; and
an inductance relationship to derive one or more inductance values and series resistance values associated with each of the one or more inductors; wherein the inductance relationship is given by:
Ln?in(t1)=?0t1[vLn(t)?rLnin(t)]dt,
wherein:
Ln is the inductance of the inductor;
in is the current flowing into the inductor as derived in the previous step with the inductor current relationship;
t is the time variable;
?in(t1) is the change of the current flowing through the inductor from time 0 to time t1 derived in the previous step with the inductor current relationship;
vLn potential difference across the inductor; and
rLn is the series resistance of the inductor.

US Pat. No. 9,793,611

ANTENNA

City University of Hong K...

1. An antenna comprising a dielectric resonator coupled to a ground plane provided on a substrate having a slot structure
on the ground plane; and a monopole substantially surrounded by the dielectric resonator; wherein, when the monopole, the
dielectric resonator and the slot structure are excited with an electrical signal, the combination of the monopole, the dielectric
resonator and the slot structure is arranged to radiate an electromagnetic signal associated with the electrical signal in
a substantially unidirectional manner.

US Pat. No. 9,709,437

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETECTING A DEFECT IN A STRUCTURE MEMBER

City University of Hong K...

1. A method for detecting a defect in a structure member comprising the steps of:
exciting a structure member by applying an excitation signal to the structure member, wherein the excitation signal includes
an acoustic excitation;

applying an optical signal to the excited structure member and capturing a reflected optical signal formed by a reflection
of the applied optical signal by the excited structure member, wherein the reflected optical signal includes an amplitude-modulated
optical signal; and

processing the reflected optical signal to determine one or more defects in the structure member.

US Pat. No. 10,181,642

PATCH ANTENNA

City University of Hong K...

1. A patch antenna comprising:a rectangular patch fed with a coaxial transmission line, and
a ground plane substantially parallel to and spaced apart from said patch by a sheet of dielectric material,
wherein said patch has a first longer side and a second longer side which are opposite to each other and a first shorter side and a second shorter side which are opposite to each other,
wherein a first row of vias are provided adjacent said first longer side of said patch, a second row of vias are provided adjacent said second longer side of said patch, a third row of vias are provided adjacent said first shorter side of said patch, and a fourth row of vias are provided adjacent said second shorter side of said patch, and
wherein each said via extends through said patch, said sheet of dielectric material and said ground plane to short said antenna.

US Pat. No. 10,177,646

POWER FACTOR CORRECTION CIRCUIT FOR A POWER ELECTRONIC SYSTEM

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A power factor correction circuit for a power electronic system comprising:a feedback circuit connected between an output of a power converter and an input to one or more switches of the power converter, the feedback circuit comprising:
a series-pass device connected in series between an electrical power source and the power converter, wherein the series-pass device is selectively controlled to effect control of one or more operation parameters of the one or more switches to thereby control an input characteristic of the electrical power source and the power converter;
a voltage sensor arranged to sense a voltage across the series-pass device for controlling the one or more operation parameters of the one or more switches;
a voltage comparator arranged to compare the sensed voltage across the series-pass device with a first reference voltage, and to output a voltage for controlling the one or more operation parameters of the one or more switches; and
a control mechanism arranged to control an operation of the series-pass device during a power conversion process, so as to increase a power factor of the power electronic system and to reduce a harmonic distortion generated by the power converter to an electrical current supplied by the electrical power source in the power electronic system;
wherein the input characteristic includes an input current waveform of the electrical current supplied by the electrical power source to the power converter.

US Pat. No. 9,559,336

FACILITATING IMPROVED LUMINANCE UNIFORMITY IN ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DIODE DEVICE PANELS

City University of Hong K...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
an organic light emitting diode (OLED) device comprising:
an anode;
a semiconductor material coupled to the anode; and
a cathode coupled to the semiconductor material; and
an air-filled heat sink coupled to the cathode and configured to reduce a temperature of the OLED device resulting in a first
temperature of the OLED device being a first value in a first region of the OLED device and a second temperature of the OLED
device being a second value in a second region of the OLED device.

US Pat. No. 10,568,047

BASE STATION SLEEP MODE BASED ON POWDER CONSUMPTION AND/OR QUALITY OF SERVICE

City University of Hong K...

1. A method for operating a communication system, comprising the steps of:powering a plurality of base stations based on a plurality of operating policies, which comprise a group policy, each base station operating in an active mode or a sleep mode having less power consumption than in the active mode; wherein under the group policy, the plurality of base base stations are arranged to switch between operating in the sleep mode and the active mode based on a predetermined pattern and a dynamic pattern associated with a predetermined traffic load offered by the communication system;
analyzing an overall power consumption for powering the plurality of base stations with respect to a quality of service of the communication system; and
switching at least one of the plurality of base stations to operate between the sleeping mode and the active mode based on a result associated with the overall power consumption and/or the quality of service.

US Pat. No. 10,255,692

METHOD FOR TRACKING AN OBJECT IN AN IMAGE SEQUENCE

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A method for tracking a biological cell in an image sequence, the image sequence including at least, a first image and a second image taken during development of biological cells in which biological cells are movable and dividable, the method comprising the steps of:identifying, using one or more processors, a plurality of biological cells in the first image and a plurality of biological cells in the second image;
determining, using the one or more processors, a matching probability of a biological cell in the second image with a biological cell in the first image, based on relative positional relationships between the plurality of biological cells in the first image and relative positional relationships between the plurality of biological cells in the second image; and
determining, using the one or more processors and based on the determined matching probability, a matching result indicating whether the biological cell in the second image matches with the biological cell in the first image, wherein a match indicates that the biological cell in the second image corresponds with or originates from the corresponding biological cell in the first image; and
displaying, at an output device operable connected with the one or more processors, the matching result.

US Pat. No. 10,256,743

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR REGULATING AN ELECTRICAL POWER SOURCE BASED ON GLOBAL AND LOCAL MAXIMUM LOAD POWER

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A method for regulating an electrical power source, comprising the steps of:detecting one or more predetermined conditions associated with a load power of the electrical power source;
whereupon the one or more predetermined conditions is detected, acquiring electrical characteristics including an input current-voltage characteristic of the electrical power source to determine a global maximum load power value arranged to approach a true maximum load power of the electrical power source, wherein the input current-voltage characteristic includes a unified current-voltage profile of the electrical power source;
processing the global maximum load power value to determine a local maximum load power value of the electrical power source; wherein the local maximum load power value is arranged to more closely approach the true maximum load power of the electrical power source when compared with the global maximum load power value;
wherein the step of acquiring electrical characteristics further includes the steps of:
reducing a deviation of the input current-voltage characteristic caused by a parasitic capacitance in the electrical power source by sweeping and acquiring the input current-voltage characteristic of the electrical power source by charging and discharging the electrical power source;
determining the unified current-voltage profile of the electrical power source by averaging a charging characteristic and a discharging characteristic of the electrical power source obtained in sweeping and acquiring the input current-voltage characteristic; and
updating an input voltage reference value Vref with the global maximum load power value determined, wherein the load power of the power source is varied in association with the input voltage reference value Vref;
wherein determining the local maximum load power further comprises the steps of:
providing a plurality of discretized parameters of the current-voltage characteristic associated with the Thévenin equivalent circuit of the power source;
providing a temporary reference voltage Vtemp_ref after determining if the condition for the local maximum load power value is reached; and upon determining that the local maximum load power value is not reached:
if the next input voltage reference value Vref is determined to be greater than the current value of Vref, the temporary reference voltage Vtemp_ref is equal to Vref+?Vref; or
if the next input voltage reference value Vref is determined to be smaller than the current value of Vref, the temporary reference voltage Vtemp_ref is equal to Vref??Vref, wherein ?Vref is a predetermined step size for varying the input voltage reference value Vref;
providing a virtual quadratic profile associated with the discretized parameters of the current-voltage characteristic associated with the Thévenin equivalent circuit of the power source;
determining and validating an interception point between the virtual quadratic profile and the quadratic profile; and
updating Vref to a value equal to Vtemp_ref if no valid interception point between the virtual quadratic profile and the quadratic profile has been determined.

US Pat. No. 9,755,290

ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVE MODE TRANSDUCER

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A device, comprising:
an electromagnetic (EM) mode transducer comprising:
a waveguide cavity section, wherein the waveguide cavity section comprises an over-moded waveguide cavity section configured
to propagate or excite more than one mode of EM waves over a selected frequency range; and

a fundamental mode rejection section, wherein the EM mode transducer is configured as an EM mode transition between a fundamental
mode transmission line and a transverse electric mode 20 (TE20 mode) waveguide.

US Pat. No. 10,258,925

EMISSIONS TREATMENT APPARATUS AND A METHOD FOR TREATING EMISSIONS

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. An emissions treatment apparatus comprising:an electrolyte source arranged to chemically derive a first substance and a second substance,
a first mechanism arranged to receive an exhaust gas, wherein the first mechanism receives the first substance arranged to react with a first exhaust compound to process the exhaust gas, and
a second mechanism arranged to receive the exhaust gas after its reaction with the first exhaust compound; wherein the second mechanism receives the second substance arranged to react with a second exhaust compound to further process the exhaust gas.

US Pat. No. 10,181,371

APPARATUS FOR MAGNETOSTRICTIVE SENSOR FOR GUIDED-WAVE-BASED INSPECTION, AND ITS ASSOCIATED SYSTEM AND METHOD

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. An apparatus for a magnetostrictive sensor for guided-wave-based inspection, comprising:a flexible body with a conductor arranged to receive an alternating current for generating magnetic field,
wherein during operation the flexible body is arranged to be attached to an object to be inspected in such a way that
a first part of the conductor arranged to generate a magnetic field parallel to a longitudinal direction of the object is arranged to surround the object; and
a second part of the conductor arranged to generate a magnetic field perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of the object is disposed away from the object.

US Pat. No. 10,176,936

REPAIRABLE ELECTRICAL COMPONENT

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A method of forming a repairable electrical component comprising the steps of:forming one or more electrodes, the one or more electrodes comprising a core, an intermediate layer of ferromagnetic material and a pyrrole based material defining an outer layer, the outer layer encapsulating the core and ferromagnetic layer,
positioning the one or more electrodes within an electrolyte,
providing a casing to enclose the one or more electrodes and the electrolyte, the casing formed from a polyurethane material.
US Pat. No. 9,897,593

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR AUTOMATED HANDLING OF LIVE ORGANISMS

City University of Hong K...

1. An array-based high-throughput system for automated screening of live specimen organisms of teleost larvae comprising a
head portion at one end and a tail portion at an opposite end, comprising:
a. a first module for automatically trapping the organisms in desired positions for imaging purpose;
b. a second module for automatically orienting the organisms with desired angles for imaging purpose;
c. a third module for automatically and hydro-dynamically controlling head-to-tail direction of the organisms leaving a reservoir
and firstly entering said trapping module and then said orienting module, wherein said third automatic head-to-tail controlling
module includes a detection unit and a valve unit for discriminating and switching head-to-tail direction of the specimen
organisms in a fluidic circuitry; and

d. a fourth module for automatically loading the organisms from the reservoir into said direction control or trapping module;wherein said trapping and orienting modules include an array of channels to allow hydro-dynamic flow of fluid carrying the
organisms in said system; and wherein said array of channels include:
i) a first conduit arranged generally horizontally and to which the oriented organisms are introduced;
ii) one or more second conduits arranged generally vertically or perpendicularly with respect to said first conduit, said
second conduit or conduits connected to and branched off from said first conduit; and

iii) a third conduit arranged adjacent to and connected to said first conduit by one or more shunts, said third conduit allowing
fluid exiting said third conduit to said first conduit via said shunt or shunts, said shunt or shunts is or are positioned
next to respective entrance of the second conduit or conduits whereby hydro-dynamic fluid flow from said third conduit to
the first conduit via said shunt or shunts at the entrance deflects fluid flow in said first conduit to said second conduit
or second conduits for effecting trapping of one or more of the organisms in the second conduit or conduits; and

iv) a fourth conduit connecting exits of the second conduits.

US Pat. No. 10,655,598

COUNTER-ROTATING VERTICAL AXIS WIND TURBINE WITH DEFLECTOR AND VORTEX GENERATORS

City University of Hong K...

1. A counter-rotating vertical axis wind turbine, comprising:two counter-rotating rotors, where a first rotor is mounted on a first vertical axis of rotation and a second rotor is mounted on a second vertical axis of rotation;
a frame that extends between and supports the first rotor and the second rotor, where the frame rotates about an intermediate axis of rotation that is positioned at a midpoint between the first rotor and the second rotor;
a deflector to accelerate oncoming wind toward the first rotor and the second rotor, the deflector mounted to the frame and positioned between the first rotor and the second rotor, where the deflector comprises a vertex, a first deflecting surface extending from the vertex toward the first rotor, and a second deflecting surface extending from the vertex toward the second rotor,
one or more vortex generators positioned on the first and second deflecting surfaces; and
a vane mounted to the frame and to orient the vertex of the deflector to face oncoming wind.

US Pat. No. 10,590,967

UNIDIRECTIONAL LIQUID TRANSPORT SYSTEMS AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURE THEREOF

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A unidirectional liquid transport system comprising an array of elongate units, wherein:each said unit is defined by a surrounding fencing;
each said unit includes a region generally resembling a U-shaped micro-scale island with a proximal end on one side having an opening and a distal end on the opposite side thereof;
a channel is defined between a lateral side of the island and an adjacent fencing thereof, and the channel is divergent from the proximal end towards the distal end, with a divergence angle ? of the channel of 0° said island is provided with a reentrant member defining an outer rim with a width “D” at the proximal end and with a length “L”;
said island provided with the reentrant member defines an inner rim with a width “d” at the proximal end and with a length “l”;
the width of the channel at the proximal end is 0>s>30 ?m;
“D” is substantially 0 to 1 mm;
“L” is 0 to 1 mm;
0<“d”<“D”; and
0<“l”

US Pat. No. 10,347,108

MONITORING USER ACTIVITY USING WEARABLE MOTION SENSING DEVICE

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A device, comprising:a housing that attaches to a body part of a human;
a speaker;
a sensor module comprising an accelerometer and a gyroscope that capture motion data corresponding to motions of the human to which the device is attached, wherein the motion data comprises acceleration data captured by the accelerometer and rotational data captured by the gyroscope, and wherein the sensor module captures the motion data over samplings periods that are controlled by an external device;
a memory that stores executable components; and
a processor that executes or facilitates execution of the executable components, the executable components comprising:
a communication component that facilitates establishment of a wireless communication link between the device and the external device, wherein based on the establishment of the wireless communication link and the capture of the motion data, the communication component sends the motion data to the external device via the wireless communication link, and wherein the external device is configured to process the motion data to determine whether a falling motion is detected;
a storage component that stores the motion data at the device in response to an inability of the device to establish the wireless communication link with the external device and a first determination that a sampling rate at which the motion data is captured is classified as being a high sampling rate, resulting in stored motion data;
an analysis component that analyzes the stored motion data to determine characteristics of the motions; and
an alarm component that activates an alarm of the device based on a second determination that the characteristics indicate the falling motion.
US Pat. No. 10,288,220

MULTISTABLE STRUCTURE AND A METHOD FOR MAKING THEREOF

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A multistable structure comprising:local portions arranged to undergo processing by at least one of a physical treatment and chemical treatment so as to form localized stimulation of the treated portions;
wherein the treated portions are arranged to interact with the untreated portion of the structure to form a prescribed residual stress distribution associated with the treated portions and the untreated portion of the structure, the prescribed residual stress distribution being arranged to provide at least one alternative stable configuration to the structure; and
wherein the treated portion becomes a nanostructured portion.

US Pat. No. 10,268,523

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A SERVER FARM

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A method for operating a server farm with a plurality of servers operably connected with each other, comprising the steps of:defining a virtual server by selectively joining two or more of the servers with the highest energy efficiency values, wherein the energy efficiency value is defined as the ratio of job throughput to power consumption;
receiving a job request of a computational task to be handled by the server farm; and
assigning the computational task to one of the plurality of servers for processing based on a job assignment policy, the job assignment policy being arranged to give preference to assigning the computational task to the servers of the virtual server for processing so as to maximize an energy efficiency of the server farm;
wherein the job assignment policy is arranged to
reassign a computational task being handled by one of the plurality of servers to another one of the plurality of servers that is more energy efficient, before the computational task is completed;
ensure that none of the servers of the virtual server is idle if a server with a lower energy efficiency value in the virtual server is busy; and
ensure that none of the servers other than those of the virtual server is busy if a server with a higher energy efficiency value has at least one vacant slot in its buffer.
US Pat. No. 10,085,942

NANOPARTICLES, METHOD OF PREPARING THE SAME AND THEIR USE

City University of Hong K...

1. A method of preparing nanoparticles of curcumin by using an ice template, comprising:an application step in which a solution containing curcumin compound and a solvent is injected to the ice template, wherein the ice template consists of frozen water;
a solvent removing step in which the solvent is removed from the ice template; and
a freezing step in which the ice template is frozen by using liquid nitrogen;
wherein the nanoparticles have an average diameter of less than 100 nm.

US Pat. No. 9,981,408

FABRICATION AND REPLICATION OF POLYMER OPTICAL WAVEGUIDES

City University of Hong K...

1. A product, comprising:a first polymer deposited on a first substrate wherein the first polymer has been solidified prior to being engraved with one or more waveguide circuit pattern channels, wherein the first polymer is created by applying pressure to the first polymer via a mold, and wherein the first polymer comprises a first EpoClad from Microresist GmBh;
a second polymer deposited on a second substrate; and
a third polymer situated in the one or more waveguide circuit pattern channels, wherein the third polymer comprises a second EpoClad from Microresist GmBh, and wherein the second polymer is in direct contact with the third polymer.

US Pat. No. 9,976,304

COMPOSITE MATERIAL BASED PANEL

City University of Hong K...

18. A wall system comprising:a first panel, a second panel,
the first and second panels arranged to removably couple to each other such that the wall system is a modular arrangement,
and wherein each panel comprises a substrate formed of a first material and a plurality of elongate strands of a natural material being interspersed through the substrate;
wherein each elongate strand comprises a plurality of fibres and a plurality of hollow pockets, each of the plurality of fibres being arranged longitudinally along the length of the elongate strand and positioned within one of the plurality of hollow pockets.

US Pat. No. 9,934,912

REPAIRABLE ELECTRICAL COMPONENT

City University of Hong K...

1. A repairable electrical component comprising:a pliable casing and one or more electrodes positioned within the pliable casing, wherein each of the one or more electrodes comprise:
a metal core,
a layer of ferromagnetic material disposed on the metal core, and
an outer layer encasing the ferromagnetic material, wherein the repairable electrical component is configured to self-repair if any part of the repairable component is partially damaged.

US Pat. No. 10,594,318

ELECTRIC CIRCUIT ARRANGEMENT AND A METHOD FOR GENERATING ELECTRIC CURRENT PULSES TO A LOAD

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. An electric circuit arrangement for generating electric current pulse to a load, comprising a switch and a current source, wherein the switch, the current source and the load are in series connection with a DC source arranged to power the load; wherein the switch is arranged to operate in at least an on state and an off state, thereby selectively connects or disconnect the current source to or from the load so as to generate the electric current pulses; wherein the current source is operable to compensate a power difference between the DC source and the load, by absorbing electric power from the DC source when an instantaneous power provided by the DC source exceed a load power required by the load, and providing the absorbed electric power to the load when the instantaneous power provided by the DC source is less than the load power required by the load.

US Pat. No. 10,476,662

METHOD FOR OPERATING A DISTRIBUTED KEY-VALUE STORE

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A method for operating a NoSQL database with distributed key-value store, comprising:(a) processing a data set comprised of data records, each of the data records having a unique identifier and including a respective value associated with one or more attributes using a private key provided at a client;
(b) partitioning the data records based on the identifier and forming a plurality of encrypted identifier-value pairs for distributed storage across a plurality of servers operably connected to the client device;
(c) storing the encrypted identifier-value pairs at the servers, wherein the distribution of the encrypted identifier-value pairs to the servers based on a consistent hashing ring maintained at the client device and which indicates a range of identifiers associated with each of the servers;
(d) building, at the client device, encrypted indexes for the encrypted identifier-value pairs;
(e) storing, at the servers, the respective built encrypted indexes, wherein each server stores local indexes associated with the local encrypted identifier-value pairs and not with encrypted identifier-value pairs in other servers;
(f) executing a query protocol in response to receiving a query from the client device so as to identify, using the built encrypted indexes, data distributively stored in the servers and which matches the query, wherein the execution comprises:
generating, at the client device, a token set including a plurality of tokens based on a condition attribute of the query;
transmitting the token set to each of the servers;
processing the tokens at each of the servers using local indexes associated with each respective server;
providing one or more encrypted identifiers of encrypted matched record to the client device;
decrypting, at the client device, the one or more encrypted identifiers; and
generating, at the client device, labels for obtaining the matched record.

US Pat. No. 10,297,031

APPARATUS FOR GENERATING MOVEABLE SCREEN ACROSS A THREE DIMENSIONAL SPACE

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. An apparatus for generating a partial or whole visible image using a display medium, the apparatus comprising:a plurality of medium generators providing at least one portion of the display medium along a linear pathway, wherein the plurality of medium generators are arranged along a first axis that is substantially orthogonal to the linear pathway, and each comprises a plurality of substance emitters arranged along the linear pathway so as to selectively generate the display medium at a plurality of positions at different depths along the linear pathway, and wherein the display medium is arranged to receive an optical signal representing a visible image so as to display the partial or whole visible image at one or more depths along the linear pathway and across a two-dimensional plane.

US Pat. No. 10,256,742

SELF-DRIVEN AC-DC SYNCHRONOUS RECTIFIER FOR POWER APPLICATIONS

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A system, comprising:a set of power switches that receive an input power signal and rectify the input power signal to generate a rectified power signal as an output to facilitate synchronous rectification of the input power signal; and
a self-driven gate-drive (SDGD) subsystem that facilitates control of respective switching of respective power switches of the set of power switches, wherein the SDGD subsystem is powered by the rectified power signal or the input power signal, wherein the SDGD subsystem comprises a set of capacitors comprising a first capacitor and a second capacitor, wherein the SDGD subsystem controls respective charging of the first capacitor and the second capacitor to facilitate maintaining a first power switch of the set of power switches in a first switch state during a non-steady state phase of operation of the system until the SDGD subsystem is determined to be operating in steady state,
wherein, at least during a portion of the non-steady state phase, to facilitate the maintaining of the first power switch in the first switch state during the non-steady state phase, the first capacitor and the second capacitor are charged, wherein the second capacitor is charged to a defined voltage level faster than the first capacitor until the second capacitor is charged to the defined voltage level, and wherein, after the second capacitor is charged to the defined voltage level, the first capacitor is charged to a voltage level that is higher than the defined voltage level to which the second capacitor has been charged.

US Pat. No. 9,873,105

SORBENT MATERIAL AND A METHOD FOR ENHANCING SORPTION PERFORMANCE THEREOF

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A liquid sorbent comprising:
a body having a homogenous structure; and
a plurality of apertures cut or drilled on the body, the plurality of apertures penetrating one-third to half of a thickness
of the liquid sorbent and defining an interior space for absorption and adsorption of a liquid with a viscosity of 350 to
1200 mPa·s;

wherein the liquid sorbent has a surface area to volume ratio of 1.3 cm?1 to 2.5 cm?1;

wherein each of the plurality of apertures has a cross sectional area of 78.5 mm2 to 283 mm2; and

wherein the plurality of apertures are disposed on the body of the liquid sorbent with a distribution density of 0.003 to
0.5 apertures per square centimeter.

US Pat. No. 10,626,518

METHOD FOR TREATING A SURFACE OF A METALLIC STRUCTURE

City University of Hong K...

1. A method for treating a surface of a metallic structure, the metallic structure being made of a first metallic material; the method comprising the steps of:(a) bonding an alloy material made of the first metallic material and a second metallic material with the structure; and
(b) etching away at least some of the first metallic material from a structure obtained after step (a) so as to obtain a treated structure with an increased specific surface area compared with the metallic structure before treatment.

US Pat. No. 10,565,233

SUFFIX TREE SIMILARITY MEASURE FOR DOCUMENT CLUSTERING

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

8. A method, comprising:creating, by a device comprising a processor, a suffix tree document model for a set of documents in at least one knowledge source on a computerized network;
generating, by the device, a vector document model from the suffix tree document model, wherein the vector document model is a representation of the set of documents and comprises respective weighted vectors for documents of the set of documents, wherein each weighted vector of the respective weighted vectors consists of M elements, and M is a total number of nodes in the suffix tree document model not including a root node of the suffix tree document model;
determining, by the device, at least one similarity between two or more of the documents based upon the respective weighted vectors;
forming, by the device, clusters of the documents based on the at least one similarity; and
in response to a search query of the least one knowledge source, providing, by the device, a search result based on the clusters of the documents.

US Pat. No. 10,284,112

CIRCUIT ARRANGEMENT FOR USE IN A POWER CONVERSION STAGE AND A METHOD OF CONTROLLING A POWER CONVERSION STAGE

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A circuit arrangement for use in a power conversion stage, comprising at least two power electronic devices connected in series, the at least two power electronic devices including at least one transistor operable in a plurality of operation states in which the transistor is arranged to operate in an current control mode in a forward polarity or a reversed polarity in response to a continuous dynamic control signal at a control node of the transistor; wherein the at least one-transistor is controlled to operate in one of the plurality of operation states in one of a plurality of time divisions in each of a plurality conversion cycles, such that electric harmonic distortions generated in the power conversion stage is suppressed during a propagation through the at least two power electronic devices; wherein the plurality of operation states include at least an active state in which the transistor is arranged to operate in the current control mode such that electrical current flowing through the transistor is dynamically controlled and the electrical current is regulated in an active region or a saturation region of the transistor, and the at least two power electronic devices connected in series conduct the regulated electrical current passing therethrough.

US Pat. No. 10,229,092

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ROBUST LOW-RANK MATRIX APPROXIMATION

City University of Hong K...

1. A method for low-rank approximation of an observed data matrix, the method comprising:obtaining, by a processor-based system, the observed data matrix;
performing, by logic of the processor-based system, factorization of the observed data matrix in lp-norm space, wherein p<2; and
providing, by the processor-based system from a result of the lp-norm space factorization of the observed data matrix, a low-rank approximation comprising principal components extracted from the observed data matrix.
US Pat. No. 10,214,780

METHOD AND MEANS FOR IDENTIFICATION OF ANIMAL SPECIES

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A method of rapid identification of a mammalian species origin or mammalian species origins of a sample, comprising sequential steps of:a) engineering DNA probes with a length from 60 to 80 bases; said engineering including identifying regions from 48th to 705th bp of double stranded COI gene region of a first mammalian species for yielding a first group of 60-80 bp DNA regions of interest, and from the first group of 60-80 bp of DNA regions of the double stranded COI gene region, identifying a second group of 60-80 bp DNA regions of single-stranded sequences of the double stranded COI gene region meeting a combination of the following criteria:
i) with a GC content 50 to 52%;
ii) with a positive value of delta G at a given temperature, wherein the given temperature is a hybridization temperature (Thyb) of 15-25° C. below a melting temperature (Tm), wherein the hybridization temperature (Thyb) is a temperature at which the DNA probes hybridize during identification, and wherein the melting temperature (Tm) is a temperature at which the double stranded sequence at a region corresponding to the second group of 60-80 bp DNA regions dissociates; and
iii) in which difference between the number of secondary structures (SS) of any of the DNA regions in the second group of 60-80 bp DNA regions and the value of secondary structure (SS) of the respective DNA region is between 0 to 4, thus yielding a third group of DNA regions, wherein the value of the secondary structure is determined based on propensity of a base of single-stranded DNA molecules;
b) producing the DNA probes corresponding to sequences of the third group of DNA regions, wherein the sequences of the DNA probes are comprised in the group consisting of SEQ ID NOs. 1-241;
c) collecting the sample;
d) dividing the sample into a number of portions for situation in a multi-well container or containers;
e) providing the produced DNA probes from step b), wherein the number of the sample portions is greater than the number of mammalian species types from which the DNA probes derive;
f) selecting some or all of the DNA probes, and allocating the selected DNA probes in the multi-well container or the containers, such that each of the selected DNA probes is situated separately, for hybridization with the sample portions, respectively;
g) contacting the sample portions for intended hybridization with the selected DNA probes simultaneously;
h) analyzing the sample portions contained in the multi-well container or containers for a positive hybridization results following the contacting step; and
i) determining the mammalian species origin or origins of the sample according to positive hybridization results.

US Pat. No. 9,798,290

HOLOGRAPHIC ENCRYPTION OF MULTI-DIMENSIONAL IMAGES AND DECRYPTION OF ENCRYPTED MULTI-DIMENSIONAL IMAGES

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A system, comprising:
at least one memory that stores executable components; and
at least one processor, coupled to the at least one memory, that executes or facilitates execution of the executable components,
the executable components comprising:

a hologram generator component that generates a set of complex holograms based at least in part on a set of source images
of a multi-dimensional object scene; and

a holographic cryptographic component that applies a stochastic hologram generation process to facilitate generation of the
set of complex holograms, to facilitate generation of a set of phase holograms based at least in part on the set of complex
holograms, and to encrypt the set of phase holograms using a random phase mask as a private encryption key, wherein the set
of phase holograms represents, at least in part, the set of source images, wherein the set of phase holograms is generated
based at least in part on random information derived from the stochastic hologram generation process, and wherein the holographic
cryptographic component generates the random phase mask and associates the random phase mask with a phase hologram of the
set of phase holograms to encrypt the phase hologram to generate an encrypted hologram.

US Pat. No. 10,634,654

ELECTROCHEMICAL DETECTOR

City University of Hong K...

1. An electrochemical detector comprising:a substance selection structure disposed adjacent to a thin-film transistor (TFT) device structure, wherein the substance selection structure and the TFT device structure are separately fabricated on a first doped silicon substrate and a second doped silicon substrate, respectively, and
a conductive intermediate substrate fixedly mounted to the first doped silicon substrate and the second doped silicon substrate such that the conductive intermediate substrate is directly in contact with the first and the second doped silicon substrates, thereby physically and electrically connecting the substance selection structure and the TFT device structure, wherein the conductive intermediate substrate includes a copper substrate;
wherein:
the TFT device structure includes a thin-film transistor having an active layer and source/drain electrodes, the thin-film transistor is formed on the second doped silicon substrate,
the substance selection structure defines an extended gate electrode of the thin-film transistor, the substance selection structure includes a molecular imprinted polymer layer disposed on the first doped silicon substrate,
the extended gate electrode and source/drain electrodes of the thin-film transistor are arranged in opposite sides of the active layer of the thin-film transistor, and the molecular imprinted polymer layer is arranged to interact with a target substance having a molecular structure so as to alter an electrical characteristic of the TFT device structure through the electrical connection formed by the first doped silicon substrate, the intermediate substrate and the second doped silicon substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,557,814

ELECTROCHEMICAL DETECTOR

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. An electrochemical detector comprising at least one substance selection structure disposed adjacent or proximate to an electronic device structure, wherein the at least one substance selection structure and the electronic device structure are fabricated on a plurality of separate substrates; and an intermediate substrate connecting the at least one substance selection structure and the electronic device structure; wherein the substance selection structure is arranged to interact with a target substance so as to alter an electrical characteristic of the electronic device structure,wherein the at least one substance selection structure is arranged to interact with at least one electrically charged chemical ion of the target substance;
wherein each of the at least one substance selection structure includes an ion-selective electrode;
wherein the ion-selective electrode comprises an ion-selective membrane arranged to selectively chelate with the at least one electrically charged chemical ion, and wherein the target substance is in contact with the ion-selective membrane;
wherein the ion selective electrode further comprises an ion-electron transducer arranged to generate a potentiometric signal in response to the interaction between the target substance and the substance selection structure; and
wherein the ion-electron transducer includes a conductive polymer.

US Pat. No. 10,435,424

CYTOTOXIC PLATINUM COMPLEX, ITS PREPARATION AND THERAPEUTIC USE

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A platinum(IV) complex comprising a structure of Formula (I):
wherein:
X, X?, Y, Y? and Z are independently selected from an electron donor ligand and may be linked to each other in any combination;
n is selected from zero, any positive charge or any negative charge;
R is an aryl-comprising moiety selected from the group consisting of:

with L and L? being a linker group, W being a linker atom, and R1 to R9 being independently selected from a substituent or a hydrogen atom; and being a double bond covering the (E) and (Z) configuration;
and with the provision that the platinum complex is not chalcoplatin.

US Pat. No. 10,253,383

NANOSTRUCTURED-LATTICES PRODUCED BY SURFACE MECHANICAL ATTRITION TREATMENT METHOD

City University of Hong K...

1. A nano-structured lattice generated by surface mechanical attrition treatment (SMAT), comprising:a plurality of bar members having end portions; and
one or more holes embedded inside the nano-structured lattice, wherein the lattice is two-dimensional;
wherein one or more of the bar members comprise one or more nodes for connecting one or more other bar members; and
wherein one or more of the bar members are partly treated at each of the end portions around the one or more nodes by the SMAT.

US Pat. No. 10,236,688

METHOD FOR REGULATING AN ELECTRICAL POWER CIRCUIT AND AN ELECTRICAL POWER REGULATING APPARATUS

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A method for regulating an electrical power circuit, comprising the steps of:detecting an electrical source characteristic of an electrical power source; and
adjusting, during an operation of the electrical power source, an electrical load characteristic of an electrical loading stage in connection with the electrical power source based on the at least one electrical source characteristic being detected by selectively generating necessary voltage waveforms thereby counteracting an effect caused by a source reactance of the electrical power source and/or a reactance of the electrical power circuit in response to a variation in the amount of the electrical power delivered to the electrical loading stage by the electrical power source, such that the electrical power source is arranged to deliver a maximum amount of electrical power to the electrical loading stage; wherein the electrical loading stage includes a bidirectional power converter and an electrical load, the bidirectional power converter is connected between the electrical load and the electrical power source; and wherein the bidirectional power converter is arranged to generate the necessary voltage waveforms.

US Pat. No. 10,090,470

SEMICONDUCTOR FILM AND METHOD OF FORMING THE SAME

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A method of forming a semiconductor film in the presence of a substrate, wherein the semiconductor film comprises a tri-s-triazine unit, the method comprising the steps of:(i) providing a precursor material in a reaction container, wherein the precursor material is an organic material consisting of melamine;
(ii) arranging the substrate on the reaction container such that a conductive surface of the substrate is facing towards the precursor material; and
(iii) conducting a heat treatment to deposit a semiconductor layer on the conductive surface of the substrate, where the method is devoid of the use of a vacuum system.

US Pat. No. 10,566,133

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR WIRELESS POWER TRANSFER

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. An apparatus for wireless power transfer, comprising:a source coil resonator directly connected to an AC power source;
a load coil resonator directly connected to a load; and
three or more intermediate coil resonators, each not directly connected to a power source and not directly connected to a load, arranged between the source coil resonator and the load coil resonator to guide power flow therebetween;
each of the source coil resonator, the load coil resonator, and the intermediate coil resonators defining a respective coil plane;
the intermediate coil resonators being arranged so as to form two curved power flow paths from the source coil resonator to the load coil resonator;
the source coil resonator, the load coil resonator, and the intermediate coil resonators being magnetically coupled with each other only by magnetic resonance to wirelessly transfer power along the power flow path;
wherein a ratio of a distance between any two of the coil planes to half the maximum dimension of any of said two coil planes is less than 3 such that magnetic coupling among the source coil resonator, the load coil resonator, and the intermediate coil resonators is non-radiative; and
wherein the two curved power flow paths, when combined, are in a circular form.

US Pat. No. 10,439,229

METHOD OF MAKING CARBON NANOTUBES DOPED WITH IRON, NITROGEN AND SULPHUR

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A method of making carbon nanotubes doped with iron, nitrogen and sulphur, comprising the steps of:mixing an iron containing oxidising agent with a sulphur-containing dye to form a fibrous fluctuate of reactive templates;
adding an azo compound to the reactive templates;
polymerizing the azo compound in-situ to form azo polymer coated nanotubes;
adding an alkali to precipitate magnetite in the walls of the azo polymer coated nanotubes;
subjecting the azo polymer coated nanotubes of the step of adding to pyrolysis for initiating carbonisation of the azo polymer and for decomposing the sulphur-containing dye; and thereafter
subjecting the azo polymer coated nanotubes to acid leaching for removing superfluous materials; and thereafter
subjecting the azo polymer coated nanotubes to heat treatment for further decomposing the sulphur-containing dye, activating iron species and further carbonising the azo polymer.

US Pat. No. 10,431,870

CHIP-AND-PACKAGE DISTRIBUTED ANTENNA

City University of Hong K...

15. A method for providing a chip-and-package distributed antenna, the method comprising:integrating one or more exciting elements in an integrated circuit chip for including in an integrated circuit product, wherein the integrated circuit product comprises the integrated circuit chip and a package housing the integrated circuit chip; and
attaching a primary radiator to a surface of the integrated circuit chip, wherein the primary radiator is configured to be disposed in the package and external to the integrated circuit chip, wherein the primary radiator is configured to operate in cooperation with the one or more exciting elements to radiate, receive, or radiate and receive electromagnetic (EM) waves of radio frequency (RF) signals.

US Pat. No. 10,432,907

ELECTRONIC SYSTEM FOR CREATING AN IMAGE AND A METHOD OF CREATING AN IMAGE

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A method for creating an image comprising the steps of:displaying a plurality of two-dimensional representations on a display within a three-dimensional space, wherein the plurality of two-dimensional representations are arranged to each individually represent a unique portion of a three-dimensional object within the three-dimensional space;
moving the display with a robotic mounting structure arranged to move the display such that the plurality of two-dimensional representations are displayed in a plurality of predefined positions within the three-dimensional space;
recording the plurality of two-dimensional representations being displayed within the three-dimensional space with an imager arranged to capture the plurality of two-dimensional representations being displayed within the three-dimensional space; and
combining the plurality of two-dimensional representations recorded in said step of recording in a plurality of predefined positions to form a single image representative of the three-dimensional object within the three-dimensional space.

US Pat. No. 10,200,894

FACILITATING INTERFERENCE MANAGEMENT IN MULTI-CELL AND MULTI-USER MILLIMETER WAVE CELLULAR NETWORKS

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A method, comprising:receiving, by a base station device comprising a processor and associated with a cell, pilot signals transmitted from a mobile device using different precoders at different training slots in the cell associated with the base station device;notifying, by the base station device, a mobile device of an index of a selected precoder of the different precoders used by the mobile device and that satisfies a defined condition;transmitting, by the base station device, pilot signals to the mobile device, wherein the transmitting is performed using the different precoders at the different training slots;
collecting, by the base station device, feedback information from the mobile device, wherein the feedback information comprises:
a first information set determined based on received powers detected at the mobile device and associated with the base station device at the different training slots; and
a second information set determined based on interference powers detected at the mobile device from unassociated base station devices at the different training slots, wherein the unassociated base station devices are ones of the base station devices associated with different cells from the cell associated with the base station device, and wherein the unassociated base station devices and the base station device are included in a network;
sharing, by the base station device, the second information set between other ones of the base station devices in the network to facilitate interference management;
partitioning, by the base station device, the first information set into a first group in which a beam does not cause interference to other mobile devices and a second group in which the beam does cause interference to the other ones of the mobile devices, wherein the partitioning is based on third information received from the other base station devices;
determining, by the base station device, a first selected beam in the first group and determining a second selected beam in the second group; and
selecting, by the base station device, based on a criterion, the first selected beam in the first group or the second selected beam in the second group as a beam for the base station device to transmit a signal, wherein the selecting the first selected beam or the second selected beam comprises:
selecting the second selected beam in the second group as the beam for the base station device to transmit the signal based on a determination that the first group includes no beams and the second group includes beams; and
selecting the first selected beam in the first group as the beam for base station device to transmit the signal based on a determination that the second group includes no beams and the first group includes beams.

US Pat. No. 10,603,412

POLYMERIC BASED AND SURFACE TREATED METALLIC HYBRID MATERIALS AND FABRICATION METHODS THEREOF

Versitech Limited, Hong ...

1. A hybrid material, comprising:a biodegradable polymer;
a biodegradable metallic material surface-treated by plasma immersion ion implantation or plasma immersion ion implantation and deposition; and
a silane coupling agent chemically bonded to the surface-treated biodegradable metallic material and the biodegradable polymer,
wherein the biodegradable polymer is a copolymer of ?-caprolactone (?-CL) and ?-butyrolactone (?-BL), ?-valerolactone (?-VL), ?-valerolactone (?-VL), ?-caprolactone (?-CL), or any combination thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,593,958

METHOD FOR PREPARING HIERARCHICALLY POROUS DOPED CARBON MATERIAL AND ITS USE

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A method for preparing a hierarchically porous doped carbon material comprising a step of heating a mixture comprising an etching agent precursor and a pore-generating agent which is embedded in a matrix comprising a carbon source and a dopant source for simultaneously carbonizing the carbon source, doping with the dopant and etching the pore-generating agent for obtaining the hierarchically porous doped carbon material, wherein the carbon source is a carbohydrate.

US Pat. No. 10,551,282

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR TESTING PERFORMANCE OF AN ELECTROSURGICAL TOOL

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. An apparatus for testing performance of an electrosurgical tool, the apparatus comprising;a frame;
a clamp module coupled to the frame and configured to retain a test material in an selected orientation; and
a tool module coupled to the frame and configured to grip an electrosurgical tool,
wherein the apparatus is configured to allow a user to perform a controllable cut on the test material to evaluate a cutting performance of the electrosurgical tool based on (a) a resistance force between the electrosurgical tool and the test material as the electrosurgical tool performs the controllable cut and (b) a non-stickiness of the electrosurgical tool after the electrosurgical tool performs the controllable cut.