US Pat. No. 10,106,153

MULTI-NETWORK-BASED PATH GENERATION FOR VEHICLE PARKING

Chongqing Jinkang New Ene...

1. A system of network-based path generation for a vehicle controller, comprising:a data processing system comprising one or more processors and memory, a mapping engine component, a path generation component, and a controller component, the data processing system to:
receive data sensed by a first one or more sensors mounted on a vehicle located at a parking zone;
generate, from a first neural network tuned to process sensor input, a digital map data structure based on the data sensed by the first one or more sensors;
generate, from a second neural network tuned to process digital map data structures, a first path based on the digital map data structure;
receive vehicle dynamics information from a second one or more sensors located on the vehicle;
generate, with a third neural network tuned to process vehicle dynamics and paths, a second path to park the vehicle based on the first path, vehicle dynamics information and at least one historical path stored in vehicle memory; and
provide commands to control the vehicle to follow the second path to park the vehicle in the parking zone.

US Pat. No. 10,239,521

MULTI-NETWORK-BASED PATH GENERATION FOR VEHICLE PARKING

CHONGQING JINKANG NEW ENE...

1. A system of network-based path generation for a vehicle controller, comprising:a data processing system comprising one or more processors and memory, a mapping engine component, a path generation component, and a controller component, the data processing system to:
receive data sensed by a first one or more sensors mounted on a vehicle located at a zone;
receive vehicle dynamics information from a second one or more sensors located on the vehicle;
generate, from a plurality of neural networks each tuned to process a type of input, a digital map data structure based on the data sensed by the first one or more sensors, an intermediate path based on the digital map data structure, and a final path used to guide the vehicle based on the intermediate path and the vehicle dynamics information; and
provide commands to control the vehicle to follow the final path to guide the vehicle in the zone.

US Pat. No. 10,421,465

ADVANCED DRIVER ATTENTION ESCALATION USING CHASSIS FEEDBACK

CHONGQING JINKANG NEW ENE...

1. A system to alert occupants in electric vehicles to assume manual control of vehicular functions, comprising:an environment sensing module that executes on a data processing system having one or more processors disposed in an electric vehicle, to identify a condition to have an occupant within the electric vehicle assume manual control of a vehicular function from autonomous operation;
a chassis control module that executes on the data processing system, to control actuation of at least one of a suspension system, an acceleration system, a brake system, and a steering system of the electric vehicle, the chassis control module having a normal mode and an escalation mode, the normal mode to control the actuation to react to an external force feedback from outside the electric vehicle propagating through the electric vehicle to the occupant, the escalation mode to control the actuation to mechanically induce an internal force feedback from within the electric vehicle to alert the occupant to assume manual control of the vehicular function; and
a policy enforcement module that executes on the data processing system, to cause, responsive to identification of the condition, the chassis control module to change from the normal mode to the escalation mode, and to use one of a plurality of defined feedback patterns as the mechanically induced internal force feedback to convey an indication of the condition to the occupant.

US Pat. No. 10,263,407

ELECTRIC VEHICLE INVERTER MODULE LAMINATED BUS BAR

CHONGQING JINKANG NEW ENE...

1. A laminated bus bar of an inverter module to power an electric vehicle, comprising:a first insulating layer having a first surface and a second surface;
a current layer having a first surface and a second surface, the current layer disposed over the first surface of the first insulting layer, and the current layer including an output terminal;
a second insulating layer having a first surface and a second surface, the second insulating layer disposed over the first surface of the current layer;
a third insulating layer having a first surface and a second surface, the third insulating layer disposed over the first surface of the second insulating layer;
a first polarity layer having a first surface and a second surface, the first polarity layer disposed over the first surface of the third insulating layer, and the first polarity layer including a first polarity input terminal;
a fourth insulating layer having a first surface and a second surface, the fourth insulating layer disposed over the first surface of the first polarity layer; and
a second polarity layer having a first surface and a second surface, the second polarity layer disposed over the first surface of the fourth insulating layer, and the second polarity layer including a second polarity input terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,466,716

VEHICLE COMMAND GENERATION USING VEHICLE-TO-INFRASTRUCTURE COMMUNICATIONS AND DEEP NETWORKS

CHONGQING JINKANG NEW ENE...

1. A system to command vehicles via a vehicle-to-infrastructure communication network, comprising:a first roadside computing device positioned at a first location in a vehicular travel path, the first roadside computing device to broadcast one or more data packets comprising a timestamp;
a first vehicle comprising an onboard computing device to:
receive the one or more data packets broadcast by the first roadside computing device;
calibrate an internal clock of the first vehicle to match a frequency of a clock of the roadside computing device based on the timestamp received via the one or more data packets broadcast by the first roadside computing unit; and
transmit, responsive to receipt of the one or more data packets and calibration of the internal clock, a status of the first vehicle to the first roadside computing device; the first roadside computing device to:
receive the status of the first vehicle transmitted by the first vehicle;
generate a second one or more data packets comprising the status of the first vehicle, and information associated with the first location in the vehicular travel path; and
transmit the second one or more data packets to a data processing system;
the data processing system comprising one or more processors and memory, a command generator component and a deep learning engine, the data processing system to:
input the status of the first vehicle and the information associated with the first location into the deep learning engine;
assign, based on an output from the deep learning engine, a label to the first vehicle;
select a vehicle command based on the label; and
transmit the vehicle command to the first vehicle to execute an action for traversing the vehicular travel path.

US Pat. No. 10,447,483

SECURE FIRMWARE UPDATES FOR REMOTE VEHICLES

CHONGQING JINKANG NEW ENE...

1. A system to perform secure firmware updates on a remote vehicle, comprising:a data processing system comprising one or more processors and memory, a vehicle identification component, session handler component, firmware controller component, hash component and signature generation component, the data processing system to:
receive a request via a vehicle interface for an update to a firmware executed by a component of a vehicle;
identify a blockchain address for the vehicle based on the request;
generate, responsive to the request, a session identifier for the request;
identify a firmware update file responsive to the request;
generate a digital signature based on a combination of the session identifier and a first hash value generated via application of a hash function to the firmware update file;
provide, for storage in a block at the blockchain address managed by a blockchain system different from the data processing system, the digital signature;
transmit the session identifier to the vehicle; and
transfer the firmware update file to the vehicle, receipt of the firmware update file by the vehicle to cause the vehicle to verify, prior to installation, the firmware update file based on a comparison of the first hash value and the session identifier of the digital signature retrieved from the block at the blockchain address managed by the blockchain system with a second hash value generated via application of the hash function to the firmware update file received from the data processing system and the session identifier received from the data processing system.

US Pat. No. 10,424,769

INTEGRATED BATTERY CELL MODULE

CHONGQING JINKANG NEW ENE...

19. A method, comprising:providing a battery module for a battery pack of an electric vehicle, the battery module including:
a housing having a length, a width and a height, a first surface of the housing defining a plurality of openings to a plurality of cavities extending along the height of the housing;
a plurality of electrode structures positioned within the plurality of cavities, each electrode structure including a first tab terminal and a second tab terminal;
a cover having a length equal to the length of the housing, having a height less than the height of the housing, and having a width equal to the width of the housing, the cover disposed over the first surface of the housing, the cover including a plurality of first junction connectors extending along a height of the cover between a first surface of the cover and an opposing second surface of the cover, the plurality of first junction connectors welded to respective first tab terminals of the plurality of electrode structures, and
an insulation layer positioned between at least a portion of the first surface of the housing and at least a portion of the second surface of the cover, the insulation layer positioned along at least a portion of a periphery of the first surface of the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,476,061

ELECTRIC VEHICLE CABIN FLOOR STRUCTURE

CHONGQING JINKANG NEW ENE...

1. An electric vehicle apparatus, comprising:a cabin positioned between a front portion and a rear portion of an electric vehicle, comprising:
cabin frame side rails, and
a cabin floor that extends between the cabin frame side rails, the cabin floor including a first cabin floor surface and a second cabin floor surface, the first cabin floor surface positioned on an underside of the electric vehicle, the first cabin floor surface including:
a recess that defines a volume in the cabin floor;
a battery pack coupled to the cabin floor, the battery pack including:
a plurality of battery cells to generate a voltage and a current, the battery pack to provide the voltage and the current to the electric vehicle, and
a first battery pack surface that faces the first cabin floor surface; and
a stiffener disposed between the battery pack and the cabin floor to impart stiffness to the cabin floor, including:
a first stiffener surface that faces the first cabin floor surface,
a second stiffener surface that faces the first battery pack surface, and
a first stiffener element that extends out of the first stiffener surface and conforms to a shape of the recess, the first stiffener element positioned on the first stiffener surface to align with a position of the recess in the first cabin floor surface.

US Pat. No. 10,660,242

ELECTRIC VEHICLE INVERTER MODULE HEAT SINK

CHONGQING JINKANG NEW ENE...

1. A heat sink module of an inverter module to power an electric vehicle, comprising:a heat sink body having a plurality of mounting holes, a fluid inlet and a fluid outlet;
the heat sink body having an orifice with a first set of dimensions and a first shape;
a cooling channel formed in the heat sink body;
the cooling channel fluidly coupled with the fluid inlet and the fluid outlet;
an insulator plate coupled with the heat sink body;
the insulator plate having a plurality of extended surfaces that extend into the cooling channel;
the insulator plate having a first surface and a second surface;
the insulator plate having an orifice with the first set of dimensions and the first shape;
the second surface of the insulator plate couples with a joining surface of the heat sink body to seal the cooling channel;
a heat sink lid disposed over the first surface of the insulator plate;
the heat sink lid having an orifice with the first set of dimensions and the first shape; and
the heat sink lid having a plurality of mounting feet to couple with the mounting holes of the heat sink body to secure the heat sink lid to the heat sink body.

US Pat. No. 10,483,251

POWER MODULE FOR DRIVETRAIN OF AN ELECTRIC VEHICLE

CHONGQING JINKANG NEW ENE...

1. A power module for a drivetrain of an electric vehicle, the power module comprising:a first polarity terminal having a first surface and a second surface;
an isolation layer having a first surface and a second surface, the first surface of the isolation layer coupled with the second surface of the first polarity terminal;
a second polarity terminal having a first surface and a second surface, the first surface of the second polarity terminal coupled with the second surface of the isolation layer;
a high side switch;
a first current path that electrically couples the first polarity terminal with the high side switch;
a low side switch;
a second current path that electrically couples the second polarity terminal with the low side switch;
a power loop formed from the first current path and the second current path;
the power loop having an overlapping current path formed from the first current path disposed in parallel with respect to the second current path with the first polarity terminal of the first current path disposed parallel with respect to the second polarity terminal of the second current path; and
the power loop having an overall inductance value equal to a sum of a self-inductance of the first current path and a self-inductance of the second current path minus a mutual inductance value of the overlapping current path.

US Pat. No. 10,466,717

VEHICLE COMMAND GENERATION USING VEHICLE-TO-INFRASTRUCTURE COMMUNICATIONS AND DEEP NETWORKS

CHONGQING JINKANG NEW ENE...

1. A system to command vehicles via a vehicle-to-infrastructure communication network, comprising:a first roadside computing device positioned at a first location in a vehicular travel path, the first roadside computing device to broadcast one or more data packets comprising a timestamp;
a first vehicle comprising an onboard computing device to:
receive the one or more data packets broadcast by the first roadside computing device;
calibrate, based on the timestamp received via the one or more data packets broadcast by the first roadside computing device, an internal clock of the first vehicle to adjust a clock drift resulting from the internal clock of the first vehicle counting at a different rate relative to the first roadside computing device; and
transmit, responsive to receipt of the one or more data packets and calibration of the internal clock, a status of the first vehicle to the first roadside computing device;
the first roadside computing device to:
receive the status of the first vehicle transmitted by the first vehicle;
generate a second one or more data packets comprising the status of the first vehicle, and information associated with the first location in the vehicular travel path; and
transmit the second one or more data packets to a data processing system;
the data processing system comprising one or more processors and memory, a command generator component and a deep learning engine, the data processing system to:
input the status of the first vehicle and the information associated with the first location into the deep learning engine;
assign, based on an output from the deep learning engine, a label to the first vehicle;
select a vehicle command based on the label; and
transmit the vehicle command to the first vehicle to execute an action for traversing the vehicular travel path.

US Pat. No. 10,457,135

DUAL LOOP LIQUID COOLING OF INTEGRATED ELECTRIC DRIVETRAIN

CHONGQING JINKANG NEW ENE...

1. An electric drivetrain system, comprising:an electric drivetrain of an electric vehicle, comprising an inverter component, a gearbox component and a motor component;
a first cooling system that uses ethylene glycol and water (EGW) based coolant, the first cooling system comprising:
an EGW coolant loop to pass the EGW based coolant through a series of components including a cold plate of the inverter component, a housing of the gearbox component, and a housing of the motor component to remove heat from the series of components;
a second cooling system that uses oil based coolant, the second cooling system comprising:
an oil coolant loop to distribute the oil based coolant to remove heat from internal components and the housing of the gearbox component, and from internal components and the housing of the motor component; and
an oil coolant pump to control a flow of the oil based coolant through the oil coolant loop; and
a heat exchanger to transfer heat from the oil coolant loop to the EGW coolant loop, away from the electric drivetrain, to a vehicle cooling system having a radiator.

US Pat. No. 10,600,577

ELECTRIC VEHICLE INVERTER MODULE CAPACITORS

SF MOTORS, INC., Santa C...

1. A capacitor module of an inverter module to provide electrical power to an electric vehicle, comprising:a capacitor housing;
a plurality of positive terminals coupled with a first surface of the capacitor housing and extending from the first surface at a first angle;
a plurality of negative terminals coupled with the first surface of the capacitor housing; a divider coupled with the first surface of the capacitor housing, the divider disposed between the plurality of positive terminals and the plurality of negative terminals, and the divider electrically isolates the plurality of positive terminals from the plurality of negative terminals;
a plurality of mounting holes formed on an outer surface of the capacitor housing;
an extension portion of the divider, the extension portion disposed between the plurality of positive terminals and the plurality of negative terminals to electrically insulate the plurality of positive terminals from the plurality of negative terminals, and wherein the plurality of positive terminals are adjacent to a first side surface of the extension portion and the plurality of negative terminals are adjacent to a second side surface of the extension portion;
a first divider support member to hold the plurality of positive terminals and the plurality of negative terminals; and
a second divider support member to hold the plurality of positive terminals and the plurality of negative terminals.

US Pat. No. 10,600,578

ELECTRIC VEHICLE INVERTER MODULE CAPACITORS

SF MOTORS, INC., Santa C...

1. A capacitor module of an inverter module to provide electrical power to an electric vehicle, comprising:a capacitor housing;
a plurality of positive terminals coupled with a first surface of the capacitor housing and extending from the first surface at a first angle;
a plurality of negative terminals coupled with the first surface of the capacitor housing;
a divider coupled with the first surface of the capacitor housing, the divider disposed between the plurality of positive terminals and the plurality of negative terminals, and the divider electrically isolates the plurality of positive terminals from the plurality of negative terminals;
a plurality of mounting holes formed on an outer surface of the capacitor housing;
a first plurality of separating elements formed on a first side surface of the divider, each separating element of the first plurality of separating elements disposed between a pair of positive terminals of the plurality of positive terminals; and
a second plurality of separating elements formed on a second side surface of the divider, each separating element of the second plurality of separating elements disposed between a pair of negative terminals of the plurality of negative terminals.

US Pat. No. 10,573,864

BATTERY CELLS FOR BATTERY PACKS IN ELECTRIC VEHICLES

CHONGQING JINKANG NEW ENE...

1. A battery cell of a battery pack to power an electric vehicle, comprising:a housing defining an inner region;
an electrolyte disposed within the inner region of the housing;
a lid;
a gasket that couples the lid with the housing to seal the battery cell, the gasket including an inner portion having an ingress point and an egress point, the inner portion having disposed therein a thermocouple wire that extends through the inner portion, past the ingress point and past the egress point;
the thermocouple wire including a first lead having a first length, a second lead having a second length, and a third lead having a third length, the second length greater than the first length, the third length greater than the second length, and each of the first lead, the second lead and the third lead disposed within a common jacket between the ingress point and the egress point of the gasket; and
a thermocouple sensor disposed in the inner region, the thermocouple sensor coupled with the first lead, the second lead and the third lead of the thermocouple wire to provide sensed temperature information through the thermocouple wire.

US Pat. No. 10,449,861

VEHICLE BATTERY CONTROLLER BASED ON A REDUCED ORDER MODEL

CHONGQING JINKANG NEW ENE...

1. A system to manage battery performance of a vehicle, comprising:a battery management system of the vehicle comprising one or more processors and memory;
a database of the battery management system storing a profile for a battery of the vehicle;
a sensor of the vehicle to identify a value of a current output by the battery that supplies power to the vehicle;
a solid diffusion component of the battery management system to:
update, based on the value of the current and the profile, a solid concentration model of the battery;
an electrolyte transport component of the battery management system to:
update, based on the value of the current and the profile, an electrolyte concentration model of the battery;
an electrolyte and solid potential component to:
update, based on the value of the current and the profile, an electrolyte potential model of the battery; and
update, based on the value of the current and the profile, a solid potential model of the battery;
a battery controller component of the battery management system to:
determine, based on the solid concentration model updated by the solid diffusion component, the electrolyte concentration model updated by the electrolyte transport component, the electrolyte potential model updated by the electrolyte and solid potential component, and the solid potential model updated by the electrolyte and solid potential component, a value of a voltage of the battery and a value of a heat generation rate of the battery; and
generate, based on the value of the voltage of the battery and the value of the heat generation rate of the battery, a command to manage a performance of the battery.

US Pat. No. 10,272,767

DUAL LOOP LIQUID COOLING OF INTEGRATED ELECTRIC DRIVETRAIN

SF Motors, Inc., Santa C...

1. An electric drivetrain system, comprising:an electric drivetrain of an electric vehicle, comprising an inverter component, a gearbox component and a motor component;
a first cooling system that uses ethylene glycol and water (EGW) based coolant, the first cooling system comprising:
an EGW coolant loop to distribute the EGW based coolant through at least one of the inverter component, a housing of the gearbox component, and a housing of the motor component to remove heat from the inverter component, the housing of the gearbox component, and the housing of the motor component;
a second cooling system that uses oil based coolant, the second cooling system comprising:
an oil coolant loop to distribute the oil based coolant through at least one of internal components of the gearbox component and internal components of the motor component to remove heat from at least the internal components of the gearbox component, and from at least the internal components of the motor component; and
an oil coolant pump to control a flow of the oil based coolant through the oil coolant loop; and
a heat exchanger to transfer heat from the oil coolant loop to the EGW coolant loop, away from the electric drivetrain, to a vehicle cooling system having a radiator.

US Pat. No. 10,608,423

ELECTRIC VEHICLE INVERTER MODULE LAMINATED BUS BAR

SF MOTORS, INC., Santa C...

1. A laminated bus bar of an inverter module to power an electric vehicle, comprising:a first insulating layer having a first surface and a second surface;
a current layer having a first surface and a second surface, the current layer disposed over the first surface of the first insulting layer, and the current layer including an output terminal and an extension portion, the output terminal spaced a distance from an edge surface of the current layer that is equal to a length of the extension portion;
a second insulating layer having a first surface and a second surface, the second insulating layer disposed over the first surface of the current layer;
a third insulating layer having a first surface and a second surface, the third insulating layer disposed over the first surface of the second insulating layer;
a first polarity layer having a first surface and a second surface, the first polarity layer disposed over the first surface of the third insulating layer, and the first polarity layer including a first polarity input terminal;
a fourth insulating layer having a first surface and a second surface, the fourth insulating layer disposed over the first surface of the first polarity layer; and
a second polarity layer having a first surface and a second surface, the second polarity layer disposed over the first surface of the fourth insulating layer, and the second polarity layer including a second polarity input terminal and an extension portion, the second polarity input terminal spaced a distance from an edge surface of the second polarity layer that is equal to a length of the extension portion, and the second polarity input terminal spaced the distance from an edge surface of the first polarity layer that is equal to the length of the extension portion.

US Pat. No. 10,594,230

INVERTER MODULE HAVING MULTIPLE HALF-BRIDGE MODULES FOR A POWER CONVERTER OF AN ELECTRIC VEHICLE

SF Motors, Inc., Santa C...

1. A half-bridge module, comprising:a cold plate;
a ceramic layer disposed over a first surface of the cold plate;
a plurality of transistors disposed within slots of a locator, the locator and the plurality of transistors disposed over a first surface of the ceramic layer;
a plurality of clips having gull wings that extend over the transistors to secure the plurality of transistors to the locator;
a first plurality of fasteners disposed through the locator and cold plate to secure the plurality of clips to the locator;
a first printed circuit board (PCB) disposed between the plurality of clips and the locator;
a capacitor disposed over a first surface of the plurality of the transistors;
a gel tray disposed over the capacitor, the first PCB and the plurality of transistors;
a positive input terminal formed on a first side surface of the half-bridge module;
a negative input terminal formed on the first side surface of the half-bridge module, the positive input terminal positioned at a first level with respect to the first side surface and the negative input terminal positioned at a second, different level with respect to the first side surface; and
an output terminal formed on a second, different side surface of the half-bridge module.

US Pat. No. 10,658,646

INTEGRATED CURRENT COLLECTOR FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLE BATTERY CELL

CHONGQING JINKANG NEW ENE...

1. A system to power electric vehicles, comprising:a battery pack to power an electric vehicle, the battery pack comprising a plurality of battery modules;
each of the plurality of battery modules comprising a plurality of battery blocks;
a first battery block of the plurality of battery blocks having a pair of battery block terminals, the first battery block comprising a plurality of cylindrical battery cells;
each of the plurality of cylindrical battery cells having a positive terminal and a negative terminal;
an integrated current collector device formed in a single structure, the integrated current collector device comprising:
a first current collector having a conductive layer, the conductive layer of the first current collector coupling the first current collector with the positive terminals of the plurality of cylindrical battery cells at first ends of the plurality of cylindrical battery cells;
a second current collector having a conductive layer, the conductive layer of the second current collector coupling the second current collector with the negative terminals of the plurality of cylindrical battery cells at the first ends of the plurality of cylindrical battery cells; and
an isolation layer disposed between the first current collector and the second current collector, the isolation layer electrically isolates the first current collector from the second current collector, the isolation layer binds the first current collector with the second current collector to form the single structure of the integrated current collector device; and
the integrated current collector device provides structural support to hold the plurality of cylindrical battery cells in place relative to one another when the plurality of cylindrical battery cells are electrically connected with the first current collector and the second current collector.