US Pat. No. 9,207,698

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ACTIVELY MANAGING ELECTRIC POWER OVER AN ELECTRIC POWER GRID

Causam Energy, Inc., Ral...

1. A system for managing power on an electric power grid that is constructed and configured for supplying and receiving power
from a multiplicity of sources, where the power flows to a plurality of power consuming devices or is generated by a plurality
of power generation and storage solutions that are energized, de-energized, and/or power-reduced by a plurality of controllable
devices, the system comprising:
a server comprising a command processor operable to receive or initiate power control commands and issue power control event
messages responsive thereto, at least one of the power control commands requiring a reduction in an amount of electric power
consumed by the plurality of power consuming devices;

an event manager operable to receive the power control event messages, maintain at least one power management status relating
to each client device and issue power control event instructions responsive to the power control event messages that may be
initiated from a market participant, a utility, or an electric grid operator;

a database for storing information relating to power consumed by the plurality of power consuming devices and generating a
Power Supply Value (PSV) for each of the plurality of power consuming devices based upon historical consumption, real-time
consumption and baseline consumption data for each of the plurality of power consuming devices; wherein the PSV is a monetary
supply equivalent value; and wherein the PSV provides for a curtailment value as a requirement for providing supply to the
power grid;

a client device manager in communication with the event manager and the database, the client device manager selecting from
the database, based on the PSV for each of the plurality of power consuming devices, at least one client device to which to
issue a power control message indicating at least one of an amount of electric power to be reduced and identification of at
least one controllable device to be instructed to disable a flow of electric power or reduce settings corresponding to power
consumption to one or more associated power consuming devices responsive to receipt of a power control event instruction requiring
a reduction in a specified amount of electric power; and

a device control manager in communication with the at least one controllable device for issuing a power control instruction
to the at least one controllable device responsive to the received power control message;

wherein the power control instruction causes the at least one controllable device to selectively disable a flow of electric
power to at least one associated power consuming device for reducing consumed power; and

wherein the system is operable for providing operating reserves for grid stability of the electric power grid; and
wherein the system is operable for providing operating reserves based upon the reduction in the specified amount of electric
power, by aggregating the PSV of each of the plurality of the power consuming devices to provide at least one Power Trade
Block (PTB) unit.

US Pat. No. 9,563,248

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MICROGRID POWER GENERATION MANAGEMENT WITH SELECTIVE DISCONNECT

Causam Energy, Inc., Ral...

1. A method for distributed power generation and management comprising the steps of:
providing a distributed power generation system including at least one power generation equipment for generating electrical
power located at predetermined, distributed locations for providing emergency back-up power supply for use at the locations
of power generation in the event of a failure of an electric power grid;

providing a controller system connected to the at least one power generation equipment, the controller system further including:
a monitoring device in communication connection with the at least one power generation equipment;
at least one server computer, located centrally or distributed over a network, the at least one server computer in network
communication with the monitoring device and a controller connected to a controllable device associated with and connected
to the at least one power generation equipment, and operable for automatically generating event instructions to the controllable
device for automatically releasing and/or preventing release of electrical power to the electric power grid for distribution
on the electric power grid; wherein the controllable device is remotely operable for selectively automatically enabling and
disabling electric power flow from the at least one power generation equipment for distribution to the electric power grid;

and
the at least one server computer automatically selectively activating the at least one power generation equipment to produce
electricity for distribution over the electric power grid based upon instructions from the controller.

US Pat. No. 9,070,173

SYSTEM, METHOD, AND APPARATUS FOR SETTLEMENT FOR PARTICIPATION IN AN ELECTRIC POWER GRID

Causam Energy, Inc., Ral...

1. A method for providing at least one electronic message by a processor operatively coupled with memory for market-based
financial settlement of transactions within an electric power grid comprising the steps of:
at least one grid element measuring a participation of the at least one grid element in the electric power grid using revenue
grade metrology;

the at least one grid element sending the measurements to the processor over a network;
automatically generating a settlement message including an internet protocol (IP) packet having information required for generating
a market-based financial settlement for participation for providing power supplied to an electric power grid and/or for load
consumed by at least one grid element in the electric power grid;

wherein the IP packet further includes at least one kilowatt packet (KWP) unit;
wherein the at least one KWP unit comprises measured data transformed into settlement grade data for market financial settlement
for load and/or supply corresponding to each of the active grid element(s) participation in the electric power grid for load
or supply; and

wherein the at least one KWP unit provides a quantifying market rate for monetization for any unit of kilowatts with respect
to time.

US Pat. No. 9,465,398

SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR ACTIVELY MANAGING ELECTRIC POWER OVER AN ELECTRIC POWER GRID

CAUSAM ENERGY, INC., Ral...

1. A system for managing power on an electric power grid comprising:
a server having a processor coupled with a memory, and constructed and configured for communication over a network for communicating
IP-based messages with distributed power consuming devices and/or power supplying devices;

a database for storing information relating to power consumed by the plurality of power consuming devices and generating a
power supply value (PSV) for each of the power consuming devices based upon historical consumption, real-time consumption
and baseline consumption data for each of the power consuming devices;

wherein the PSV is confirmed by measurement and verification of reduction in consumed power; wherein the PSV is a supply equivalence
presented to a governing entity for awarding an entity allowed to control power consuming devices; wherein the PSV is a monetary
supply equivalence value; wherein the PSV provides for a curtailment value as a requirement for providing supply to the electric
power grid; and wherein the power supply value PSV is transmitted via IP-based messages;

wherein the IP-based messages include information including at least one of a change in state of the power consuming device(s),
a directive for a change in state of the power consuming device(s), a priority message, an alert, a status, an update, a location
with respect to the electric power grid, a function, and device attributes;

wherein the server is operable to receive or initiate power control commands requiring a change in an amount of electric power
consumed by the power consuming device;

wherein the system is operable to form at least one Power Trade Block (PTB) unit by aggregating the PSV of each of the plurality
of the power consuming devices; and

wherein the system is operable to provide operating reserves based upon the PSV for each of the plurality of the power consuming
devices and/or the at least one PTB.

US Pat. No. 9,461,471

SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR ACTIVELY MANAGING ELECTRIC POWER OVER AN ELECTRIC POWER GRID AND PROVIDING REVENUE GRADE DATE USABLE FOR SETTLEMENT

CAUSAM ENERGY, INC, Rale...

1. A system for managing power information on an electric power grid comprising:
a server having a processor coupled with a memory, and constructed and configured for communication over a network for communicating
Internet Protocol (IP)-based messages with power consuming devices and power supplying devices for generating operating reserves;

wherein the IP-based message includes information relating to activities by the power consuming devices and the power supplying
devices comprising power consumed by the power consuming devices and power supplied by the power supplying devices and an
amount of power available to be reduced to each of the power consuming devices and an amount of power available to be supplied
by each of the power supplying devices;

a database for storing the information relating to the activities by the power consuming devices and the power supplying devices;
wherein the information is transformed by the system into settlement grade data corresponding to the activities of the power
consuming devices and the power supplying devices; wherein the amount of power available to be reduced to the power consuming
devices is transformed into a supply equivalent value accepted by a governing entity;

wherein the settlement grade data includes a quantification of revenue grade power available to be reduced or curtailed by
the activities of the power consuming devices and revenue grade power available to be supplied by the activities of the power
supplying devices;

wherein the settlement grade data further includes information from any revenue grade meter or sub-meter capable of calculating
and reporting revenue grade or acceptable metrology within a time interval; and

wherein the settlement grade data is used for making financial settlement for load curtailment as a supply to a power market
by the power consuming devices and energy supply to the power market by the power supplying devices.

US Pat. No. 9,225,173

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MICROGRID POWER GENERATION AND MANAGEMENT

Causam Energy, Inc., Ral...

9. A system for power generation and management comprising:
a multiplicity of power generation equipment located at predetermined, distributed locations for providing emergency back-up
power supply for use in situs, wherein the multiplicity of power generator equipment includes more than one type of power
generator and at least one energy storage device;

a price resource management system for optimization of management of power generation and distribution comprising a monitoring
device, a database, an analyzing device, and at least one server computer;

wherein the monitoring device is operable to track real time wholesale energy market price; the database is operable to store
wholesale energy market price; the analyzing devices is operable to analyze wholesale market price data and the at least one
server computer is operable to generate event instructions to a remotely located controller based on market price fluctuation
analysis;

wherein the multiplicity of power generation equipment and are operable for coordinated selective activation by the remotely
located controller;

wherein the coordinated selective activation of the multiplicity of power generation equipment and the at least one energy
storage device includes production and distribution of electricity over a microgrid and/or for storage until later distribution
over the microgrid when a predetermined threshold market price is reached based on predictive modeling of real time wholesale
energy market price.

US Pat. No. 9,130,402

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR GENERATING AND PROVIDING DISPATCHABLE OPERATING RESERVE ENERGY CAPACITY THROUGH USE OF ACTIVE LOAD MANAGEMENT

Causam Energy, Inc., Ral...

1. A method for generating operating reserves of a utility and/or any market participant of an electric power grid servicing
one or more service points, the method comprising the steps of:
determining amounts of electric power consumed by at least a first set of devices during at least one period of time to produce
power consumption data, and a first power supply value (PSV) associated with each of the first set of devices, the first set
of devices being located at the one or more service points;

storing the power consumption data and the first PSV in a repository;
determining that a control event is to occur during which a supply of electric power is to be reduced to at least the first
set of devices;

generating, prior to commencement of the control event and under an assumption that the control event is not to occur, power
consumption behavior expected of the first set of devices during a first period of time based at least on the stored power
consumption data, wherein the control event is expected to occur during the first period of time;

determining, prior to commencement of the control event, projected energy savings resulting from the control event based at
least on the actual power consumption behavior and a first PSV associated with each of the first set of devices, wherein commercial
value for responding to the control event associated with the first set of devices is also determined based on the first PSV
associated with each of the first set of devices;

determining, prior to commencement of the control event, amounts of electric power stored by a second set of devices located
at the one or more service points to produce stored power data, and a second power supply value (PSV) associated with each
of the second set of devices; and

determining, prior to commencement of the control event, an amount of available operating reserve based on the projected energy
savings, the first PSV associated with each of the first set of devices, the second PSV associated with each of the second
set of devices, and the stored power data.

US Pat. No. 9,804,625

SYSTEM, METHOD, AND DATA PACKETS FOR MESSAGING FOR ELECTRIC POWER GRID ELEMENTS OVER A SECURE INTERNET PROTOCOL NETWORK

CAUSAM ENERGY, INC., Ral...

1. A system for communication of IP-based messages within an electric power grid network comprising:
at least one grid element having a processor operatively coupled with a memory, constructed and configured for electrical
connection and network-based communication via a network;

wherein the at least one grid element includes at least one attribute including revenue grade metrology, calibration, operating
capacity, security, settlement, status, table information, pricing, telemetry, changes in time, location of market, attachment
point information, geodetic information, a grid element identifier, an apparatus identifier, a grid element profile, an apparatus
profile, power consumption, power flows, information accuracy of a grid element, information accuracy of the apparatus, software,
firmware, upgrades, and/or prioritization;

at least one coordinator constructed and configured for electrical connection and network-based communication via the network;
an IP-based message associated with the at least one grid element, the IP-based message including an internet protocol (IP)
packet that is generated autonomously and/or automatically by transforming a raw data into a transformed content, wherein
the raw data corresponds to a participation of the at least one grid element participation in an electric power grid;

wherein the IP packet includes a priority for transmission via the network and a presentation relating to the participation
of the at least one grid element based upon near-real-time requirements of the electric power grid;

wherein the IP packet is generated by the at least one grid element in response to a poll and/or a request sent from the at
least one coordinator via the network and received by the at least one grid element; and

wherein the priority is based upon factors associated with the electric power grid following a dynamic hierarchy of priority
including grid reliability factors, grid stability factors, energy market-based factors, billing determinants, energy settlement
factors, financial settlement factors, transmission factors, and revenue grade metrology.

US Pat. No. 9,418,393

SYSTEM, METHOD, AND APPARATUS FOR SETTLEMENT FOR PARTICIPATION IN AN ELECTRIC POWER GRID

CAUSAM ENERGY, INC, Rale...

1. A system for market-based financial settlement of transactions within an electric power grid network, comprising:
at least one grid element, a settlement processor and/or at least one coordinator over the electric power grid network;
wherein an electronic settlement message is transmitted via IP-based messaging from the at least one grid element to the settlement
processor and/or the at least one coordinator;

wherein at least one of the at least one grid element has a home location identifier and a non-home location identifier;
wherein the electronic settlement messages comprises an internet protocol (IP) packet including at least one kilowatt packet
(KWP) unit based upon a participation of the at least one grid element in an electric power grid for load, supply, and/or
curtailment of power;

wherein the participation of the at least one grid element provides reserves and/or grid stabilization for the electric power
grid;

wherein the at least one KWP unit includes measured data transformed into settlement grade data for the market-based financial
settlement and provides a quantifying market rate for monetization for any unit of kilowatts with respect to time;

wherein the electronic settlement message includes factors and attributes for the participation of the at least one grid element
associated with the home location identifier and/or the non-home location identifier;

wherein the electronic settlement message further includes revenue grade metrology associated with the at least one grid element
and the at least one KWP unit for the market-based financial settlement corresponding to the participation of the at least
one grid element within the electric power grid.

US Pat. No. 9,177,323

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETERMINING AND UTILIZING CUSTOMER ENERGY PROFILES FOR LOAD CONTROL FOR INDIVIDUAL STRUCTURES, DEVICES, AND AGGREGATION OF SAME

Causam Energy, Inc., Ral...

1. A method for determining and using customer energy profiles to manage electrical load control events on a communications
network between a server in communication with an electric grid operator or any market participant associated with an electric
grid and a plurality of customers at a plurality of service points, comprising the steps of:
generating, at the server, a customer profile for each of a plurality of customers including at least one customer energy
consumption pattern for each of the plurality of customers at an associated service point; wherein one customer has a plurality
of controllable energy consuming devices; wherein the at least one energy consumption pattern for each of the plurality of
customers is determined based on a Power Supply Value (PSV) for each of the plurality of controllable energy consuming devices;
the PSV is calculated at each of the plurality of controllable energy consuming devices based on a reduction in consumed power
by each of the plurality of controllable energy consuming devices; wherein the PSV is an actual value that includes a measurement
and a verification of the reduction in consumed power, thereby providing for a curtailment value; wherein governing entities
accept the PSV and award supply equivalence based on the PSV;

storing the plurality of customer profiles in a database at the server for use in load control events;
aggregating the plurality of customer profiles into a plurality of groups based on at least one predetermined criterion;
generating, at the server, a candidate list of service points for load control events based on the predetermined criterion;
sending a load control event to at least one selected service point in the candidate list of service points in response to
an energy reduction request including a target energy savings received from the electric grid operator or any market participant
associated with an electric grid via the communications network;

determining, at the server, an energy savings for the plurality of controllable energy consuming devices resulting from the
load control event at the selected service point;

determining, at the server, if the resulting energy savings is at least equal to the target energy savings.

US Pat. No. 9,465,397

SYSTEM, METHOD, AND APPARATUS FOR ELECTRIC POWER GRID AND NETWORK MANAGEMENT OF GRID ELEMENTS

Causam Energy, Inc., Ral...

1. A system for electric power grid element and network management comprising:
at least one grid element constructed and configured for IP-based network communication via at least one coordinator with
a server;

wherein the at least one grid element communicates an initial message to the coordinator for registration with the electric
power grid;

wherein the at least one coordinator is operable to register and introduce the at least one grid element to the electric power
grid:

wherein the at least one grid element is automatically and/or autonomously transformed into at least one active grid element
via registration with the electric power grid;

wherein the at least one active grid element is operable to send messages to and receive messages from the server over network-based
communication routed by the at least one coordinator;

wherein the at least one coordinator is operable to manage the at least one active grid element according to their characteristics,
profiles, location and capability for responsiveness to various electric power grid resource requirements;

wherein the at least one coordinator is operable to match and prioritize the at least one active grid element for managed
participation within the electric power grid;

wherein the server is operable to communicate IP-based messages to each of the at least one active grid element through the
at least one coordinator after the registration;

wherein the at least one coordinator is operable to route messages from the at least one active grid element through the network
connecting a multiplicity of databases;

wherein the server operates the multiplicity of databases to exchange information associated with the at least one active
grid element for affecting electric grid operations, reporting, and/or stabilization; and

wherein registration of the at least one grid element is stored in the multiplicity of databases for predetermined periods
of time for use with settlement associated with the at least one active grid element.

US Pat. No. 9,429,974

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ACTIVELY MANAGING ELECTRIC POWER SUPPLY FOR AN ELECTRIC POWER GRID

Causam Energy, Inc., Ral...

1. A system for managing and supplying power on an electric power grid that is constructed and configured for supplying and
receiving power from a multiplicity of sources, where the power flows to a plurality of power consuming devices or is generated
by a plurality of power generation and/or storage solutions that are energized, de-energized, and/or power-reduced by a plurality
of controllable devices, the system comprising:
a server comprising a command processor operable to receive or initiate power commands and issue power event messages responsive
thereto for supplying power to the electric power grid by at least one power supply grid element;

a coordinator constructed and configured in networked communication with the server, and operable for receiving, sending,
storing, processing, and/or managing the power event messages for the server and for the plurality of power generation and
storage solutions;

wherein the power event messages are communicated over a network via the coordinator through an Internet Protocol (IP)-based
messaging, synchronous time division multiplexed (TDM)-based messaging, or a proprietary-based messaging;

wherein the power event messages include revenue grade metrology;
a database for storing information relating to power consumed by the plurality of power consuming devices and power supplied
by the plurality of power generation and/or storage solutions and generating an actual value of power to be reduced to each
of the plurality of the power consuming devices and of power to be supplied by each of the plurality of power generation and/or
storage solutions based on measurement and verification, wherein the actual value is a supply equivalent value accepted by
a governing entity to provide power supply to the electric power grid; wherein generation of the actual value is also based
on baselining and sampling; wherein the baselining provides a reference power usage point; wherein the sampling includes real-time
or near-real-time power measurement sampling and wherein the sampling provides verification of power state and power consumption
data for electricity consuming devices, reactive power, power factor, start-up current, duty cycles, voltage, and consumption
forecasts; and

wherein the system is operable for providing maintained or improved grid reliability and stability.

US Pat. No. 9,806,563

SYSTEM, METHOD, AND APPARATUS FOR ELECTRIC POWER GRID AND NETWORK MANAGEMENT OF GRID ELEMENTS

CAUSAM ENERGY, INC., Ral...

1. A system for network registration and management of grid elements in an electric power grid, comprising:
at least one grid element in network-based communication with a server associated with the electric power grid;
wherein the at least one grid element automatically communicates an initial message to the server for registration with the
electric power grid;

wherein the initial message includes a unique grid element identifier, a class of service information, function information,
an attachment point of the electric power grid, communication format, and authentication information;

wherein the class of service information includes a priority of delivery;
wherein the at least one grid element is transformed into corresponding at least one active grid element via the registration
with the electric power grid;

wherein the at least one active grid element is operable to actively function within the electric power grid based on the
class of service information, the function information, and the attachment point information of the initial message;

wherein the server is operable to update at least one attribute of the at least one active grid element; and
wherein the at least one active grid element is operable to send and receive messages with the server via network-based communication
after the registration.

US Pat. No. 9,513,648

SYSTEM, METHOD, AND APPARATUS FOR ELECTRIC POWER GRID AND NETWORK MANAGEMENT OF GRID ELEMENTS

Causam Energy, Inc., Ral...

1. A system for network registration and management of grid elements in an electric power grid, comprising:
at least one grid element, a server associated with the electric power grid; wherein the at least one grid element is constructed
and configured for electrical connection and network-based communication with the server;

wherein the at least one grid element automatically communicates an initial message to the server for registration with the
electric power grid; wherein the initial message includes a unique grid element identifier, an equipment identifier, a class
of service information, capability, capacity, function information, geodetic information, an attachment point of the electric
power grid, Internet Protocol (IP) address information, communication format, content information, security information, and
authentication information;

wherein the at least one grid element is transformed into corresponding at least one active grid element for actively functioning
within the electric power grid via the registration with the electric power grid through the initial message;

wherein the at least one active grid element is operable to send and receive messages with the server via network-based communication
after the registration.

US Pat. No. 9,740,227

SYSTEM, METHOD, AND DATA PACKETS FOR MESSAGING FOR ELECTRIC POWER GRID ELEMENTS OVER A SECURE INTERNET PROTOCOL NETWORK

Causam Energy, INC., Ral...

1. An apparatus for electric power grid management and communications, comprising:
wherein the apparatus is operable for communicating at least one Internet Protocol (IP)-based message with at least one grid
element in an electric power grid network;

wherein the at least one IP based message includes at least one IP packet that is generated autonomously and/or automatically
by at least one grid element and/or the apparatus by transforming a raw data into a transformed content;

wherein the raw data corresponds to a participation of the at least one grid element in the electric power grid network;
wherein the at least one IP-based message comprises at least one attribute of the at least one grid element and/or the apparatus,
wherein the at least one attribute includes revenue grade metrology, calibration, operating capacity, security, settlement,
status, table information, pricing, telemetry, changes in time, location of market, attachment point information, geodetic
information, a grid element identifier, an apparatus identifier, a grid element profile, an apparatus profile, power consumption,
power flows, information accuracy of a grid element, information accuracy of the apparatus, software, firmware, upgrades,
and/or prioritization; and

wherein the at least one IP-based message comprises a priority based upon factors associated with the electric power grid,
the factors including grid reliability factors, grid stability factors, energy market-based factors, billing determinants,
energy settlement factors, financial settlement factors, transmission factors, and revenue grad metrology.

US Pat. No. 9,639,103

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR OPTIMIZING MICROGRID POWER GENERATION AND MANAGEMENT WITH PREDICTIVE MODELING

Causam Energy, Inc., Ral...

1. A method for optimized power generation and management comprising steps of:
providing a microgrid including at least one power generation equipment for generating electrical power located at predetermined,
distributed locations for providing emergency back-up power supply for use at the locations of power generation;

providing a Price Resource Management System (PRMS) coupled with the at least one power generation equipment, the PRMS providing
predictive modeling;

storing, monitoring and analyzing a real-time wholesale energy market price for use with the predictive modeling for optimized
power generation timing, management, storage, and/or distribution to the microgrid;

at least one server computer, located centrally or distributed over a network, for monitoring and responding to the real-time
wholesale energy market price fluctuation analysis for use with the predictive modeling, and operable for automatically generating
event instructions to a controllable device based on the predictive modeling of the real-time wholesale energy market price
for automatically releasing electrical power to the microgrid for distribution when the real-time wholesale energy market
price is at least at a predetermined threshold(s);

a device interface for facilitating and producing communication of power releasing instructions to at least one controllable
device coupled with the at least one power generator and/or electricity storage device, wherein each controllable device is
operable for automatically selectively enabling and disabling the flow of electric power to the microgrid and for distribution
to the grid or the microgrid; and

selectively activating the power generation equipment to produce electricity for distribution over the microgrid and/or for
storage until later distribution via the microgrid.

US Pat. No. 9,729,011

SYSTEM, METHOD, AND APPARATUS FOR ELECTRIC POWER GRID AND NETWORK MANAGEMENT OF GRID ELEMENTS

Causam Energy, Inc., Ral...

11. An apparatus for electric power grid management and communication, comprising:
wherein the apparatus is operable for communicating at least one Internet Protocol (IP)-based message with at least one grid
element in an electric power grid;

wherein the at least one IP-based message comprises an initial message from the at least one grid element to the apparatus
for registration; wherein the initial message includes a unique grid element identifier, an equipment identifier, a class
of service information, capability, capacity, function information, geodetic information, an attachment point of the electric
power grid, IP address information, communication format, content information, security information, and authentication information;

wherein the at least one IP-based message includes at least one IP packet that is generated autonomously and/or automatically
by at least one grid element and/or the apparatus by transforming a raw data into a transformed content,

wherein the raw data corresponds to at least one attribute of the at least one grid element and/or the apparatus, wherein
the at least one attribute of the at least one grid element and/or the apparatus includes revenue grade metrology;

wherein the at least one attribute includes calibration, the capacity, security, settlement, status, table information, pricing,
telemetry, changes in time, location of market, attachment point information, the geodetic information, the unique grid element
identifier, at least one grid element profile, power consumption, power flows, information accuracy of the at least one grid
element, software, firmware, upgrades, and/or prioritization;

wherein the at least one IP-based message includes a priority; and
wherein the at least one IP-based message is sent in real time or within 15 minutes after the transformation of the raw data
into the transformed content.

US Pat. No. 9,786,020

SYSTEM, METHOD, AND APPARATUS FOR SETTLEMENT FOR PARTICIPATION IN AN ELECTRIC POWER GRID

Causam Energy, Inc., Ral...

1. A method for market-based financial settlement of transactions in an electric power grid network comprising the steps of:
at least one active grid element participating in an electric power grid for load, supply, and/or curtailment of power to
provide operating reserves and/or grid stabilization for the electric power grid;

the at least one active grid element generating information for a market-based financial settlement, the information including
at least one kilowatt packet (KWP) unit based upon the participation in the electric power grid;

the at least one active grid element transmitting an IP-based settlement message to a settlement processor and/or at least
one coordinator;

and the at least one coordinator aggregating settlement messages from the at least one active grid element;
wherein the at least one active grid element has a home location identifier and a non-home location identifier and the market-based
financial settlement includes factors and attributes for grid element participation associated with the home location identifier
and with the non-home location identifier;

wherein the IP-based settlement message further includes an IP packet including revenue grade metrology associated with each
of the at least one active grid element and the at least one KWP unit for the market-based financial settlement corresponding
to the participation of the at least one active grid element in the electric power grid;

wherein the at least one KWP unit each provides a quantifying market rate for monetization for any unit of kilowatts with
respect to time and each comprises measured data transformed into settlement grade data for market financial settlement for
load and supply corresponding to the participation of each of the at least one active grid element in the electric power grid
for load or supply.

US Pat. No. 9,779,461

SYSTEM, METHOD, AND APPARATUS FOR SETTLEMENT FOR PARTICIPATION IN AN ELECTRIC POWER GRID

CAUSAM ENERGY, INC., Ral...

1. A system for market-based financial settlement of transactions within an electric power grid network comprising:
a settlement processor; at least one coordinator; and at least one active grid element;
wherein the settlement processor comprises a server and/or a processor operatively coupled with a memory, and a database constructed
and configured for electrical connection and IP-based communication via a network with at least one coordinator;

wherein the at least one coordinator is constructed and configured for electrical connection and IP-based network communication
with the at least one active grid element that is registered to participate within the electric power grid;

wherein the at least one active grid element generates information for a market-based financial settlement that includes at
least one kilowatt packet (KWP) unit based upon a participation within the electric power grid for load, supply, and/or curtailment
of power;

wherein the participation within the electric power grid provides operating reserves and/or grid stabilization for the electric
power grid;

wherein a settlement message is transmitted via IP-based messaging from the at least one active grid element to the settlement
processor and/or the at least one coordinator;

wherein the settlement message further includes an IP packet including revenue grade metrology associated with each of the
at least one active grid element and the at least one KWP unit for the market-based financial settlement corresponding to
the participation of the at least one active grid element within the electric power grid within near-real-time or approximately
fifteen minute intervals of the participation by the at least one active grid element;

wherein the at least one KWP unit each comprises measured data transformed by the at least one active grid element into settlement
grade data for market financial settlement for load and supply corresponding to the participation of each of the at least
one active grid element in the electric power grid for load or supply;

wherein the at least one KWP unit each provides a quantifying market rate for monetization for any unit of kilowatts with
respect to time; and wherein the at least one coordinator aggregates settlement messages from the at least one active grid
element.

US Pat. No. 9,563,215

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ACTIVELY MANAGING ELECTRIC POWER SUPPLY FOR AN ELECTRIC POWER GRID

Causam Energy, Inc., Ral...

1. A system for managing and supplying power on an electric power grid that is constructed and configured for supplying and
receiving power from a multiplicity of sources, where the power flows to a plurality of power consuming devices or is generated
by a plurality of power generation and storage solutions that are energized, de-energized, and/or power-reduced by a plurality
of controllable devices, the system comprising:
a server comprising a command processor operable to receive or initiate power commands and issue power event messages responsive
thereto based on requirements of an energy management system (EMS);

a coordinator constructed and configured in networked communication with the server, wherein the coordinator is operable for
coordinating and managing all communications between the server and a multiplicity of grid elements; wherein the multiplicity
of grid elements comprises the multiplicity of sources, the plurality of power consuming devices, and the plurality of power
generation and storage solutions; wherein the coordinator is further operable to receive initial messages from the multiplicity
of grid elements for registration; wherein the multiplicity of grid elements are automatically registered with the coordinator
after the coordinator receives the initial messages; wherein the coordinator is further operable to match and prioritize the
multiplicity of grid elements based on the power commands and the power event messages from the server;

wherein the coordinator is further operable to maintain and balance requirements of the energy management system with those
of the electric power grid and the multiplicity of grid elements;

wherein the power event messages are communicated over a network via the coordinator through an Internet Protocol (IP)-based
messaging or a proprietary-based messaging;

a database for storing information relating to power consumed by the plurality of power consuming devices and an amount of
power to be reduced to each of the power consuming devices and/or an amount of power supply to be provided to the electric
power grid or to be made available for supply to the electric power grid; and

wherein the system is operable for providing maintained or improved grid stability.

US Pat. No. 10,088,859

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ACTIVELY MANAGING ELECTRIC POWER OVER AN ELECTRIC POWER GRID

CAUSAM ENERGY, INC., Ral...

1. A system for managing power on an electric power grid that is constructed and configured for supplying and receiving power to and from a multiplicity of sources, where the power flows to a plurality of power consuming devices or is generated by a plurality of power generation and storage solutions that are energized, de-energized, and/or power-reduced by a plurality of controllable devices, the system comprising:a server comprising a command processor operable to receive or initiate power control commands and issue power control event messages responsive thereto, at least one of the power control commands requiring a reduction of an amount of electric power consumed by the plurality of power consuming devices;
an event manager operable to receive the power control event messages, maintain at least one power management status relating to each client device and issue power control event instructions requiring a reduction of a specified amount of electric power responsive to the power control event messages;
a database for storing information including an amount of power consumed by each of the plurality of power consuming devices and an amount of power to be reduced to each of the plurality of power consuming devices;
wherein the server generates a power supply value (PSV) for each of the plurality of power consuming devices based on the amount of power consumed by each of the plurality of power consuming devices and the amount of power to be reduced to each of the plurality of power consuming devices, wherein the PSV is a monetary supply equivalent value based on measurement and verification, and wherein the PSV provides for a curtailment value as a supply to the electric power grid;
a client device manager in communication with the event manager and the database, the client device manager selecting from the database, based on the PSV for each of the plurality of power consuming devices, at least one client device to which to issue at least one power control message, the at least one power control message configured to indicate at least one of an amount of electric power to be reduced and identify at least one controllable device to be instructed to disable a flow of electric power or reduce settings corresponding to power consumption to one or more associated power consuming devices; and
a device control manager in communication with the at least one controllable device via a controllable device interface for issuing at least one power control instruction to the at least one controllable device responsive to the at least one power control message received from the client device manager.

US Pat. No. 9,979,198

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MICROGRID POWER GENERATION AND MANAGEMENT

CAUSAM ENERGY, INC., Ral...

1. A method for power generation and management, comprising:providing a central controller and a distributed power generation system for providing emergency back-up power supply for a microgrid; wherein the distributed power generation system comprises at least two types of equipment for providing electric power; wherein the central controller is a Price Resource Management System (PRMS); wherein the PRMS comprises a monitor device, a database, an analyzing device, at least one server computer, a device interface, and at least two controllable devices; wherein each of the at least two controllable devices is connected to each of the at least two types of equipment for providing electric power respectively;
communicatively connecting the distributed power generation system with the central controller;
the monitor device tracking wholesale energy market price in real time;
the database storing the wholesale energy market price;
the analyzing device analyzing the wholesale energy market price based on predictive modeling;
the at least one server computer generating power instructions when a predetermined threshold market price is reached based on the predictive modeling of the wholesale energy market price;
the device interface facilitating and producing communication of power instructions to at least one of the at least two controllable devices;
the central controller optimizing power generation timing, management, storage and distribution to the microgrid;
the central controller coordinating selective activation of the at least two types of equipment for providing electric power; and
the at least two controllable devices enabling or disabling power flow from at least one of the at least two types of equipment for providing electric power.

US Pat. No. 9,799,084

SYSTEM, METHOD, AND APPARATUS FOR SETTLEMENT FOR PARTICIPATION IN AN ELECTRIC POWER GRID

CAUSAM ENERGY, INC., Ral...

1. A system for market-based financial settlement of transactions within an electric power grid network comprising:
a settlement processor;
at least one coordinator; and
at least one active grid element;
the settlement processor for market-based financial settlements comprises a server and/or a processor operatively coupled
with a memory, and a database constructed and configured for electrical connection and IP-based communication via a network
with at least one coordinator;

the at least one coordinator is constructed and configured for electrical connection and IP-based network communication with
the at least one active grid element that is registered to participate within the electric power grid;

the at least one active grid element generates information for a market-based financial settlement that includes at least
one kilowatt packet (KWP) unit;

a settlement message is transmitted via IP-based messaging from the at least one active grid element to the settlement processor
and/or the at least one coordinator;

the settlement message further includes an IP packet including revenue grade metrology associated with each of the grid element(s)
and the at least one KWP unit for the market-based financial settlement corresponding to the participation of the grid element(s)
within the electric power grid;

the at least one KWP unit each comprises measured data transformed into settlement grade data for market financial settlement
for load and supply corresponding to each of the at least one active grid element participation in the electric power grid
for load or supply;

and the at least one KWP unit each provides a quantifying market rate for monetization for any unit of kilowatts with respect
to time.

US Pat. No. 9,766,644

SYSTEM, METHOD, AND APPARATUS FOR ACTIVELY MANAGING CONSUMPTION OF ELECTRIC POWER SUPPLIED BY ONE OR MORE ELECTRIC POWER GRID OPERATORS

CAUSAM ENERGY, INC., Ral...

1. A server for use in a system that manages power on an electric grid including electric power supplied to a plurality of
power consuming devices, wherein power flow to the plurality of power consuming devices is enabled and disabled by a plurality
of controllable devices and wherein the plurality of controllable devices operate under the control of one or more client
devices or independently from the one or more client devices if operating instructions received by the plurality of controllable
devices, the server comprising:
a command processor operable to receive or initiate power control commands and issue power control event messages responsive
thereto, at least one of the power control commands requiring a reduction in an amount of electric power consumed by the plurality
of power consuming devices;

an event manager operable to receive the power control event messages, maintain at least one power management status relating
to each client device and issue power control event instructions responsive to the power control event messages;

a database for storing information relating to power consumed by the plurality of power consuming devices and based upon the
amount of power to be reduced to each of the power consuming devices generating a corresponding power supply value (PSV);
and

a client device manager operably coupled to the event manager and the database, the client device manager selecting from the
database at least one client device to which to issue a power control message indicating at least one of an amount of electric
power to be reduced and identification of at least one controllable device to be instructed to disable a flow of electric
power to one or more associated power consuming devices responsive to receipt of a power control event instruction requiring
a reduction in a specified amount of electric power for a predetermined time.

US Pat. No. 10,168,722

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ACTIVELY MANAGING ELECTRIC POWER SUPPLY FOR AN ELECTRIC POWER GRID

CAUSAM ENERGY, INC., Ral...

1. A system for managing power on an electric power grid, comprising:a server constructed and configured in networked communication with a multiplicity of grid elements in the electric power grid;
wherein the multiplicity of grid elements comprises power consuming grid elements and power supplying grid elements;
wherein the server is operable to receive a power control command and issue a power control event message responsive thereto;
wherein the power control command comprises a power inquiry command requesting the server to determine an amount of power available for temporary reduction or increase from supply or adding to supply;
wherein the server comprises a database; wherein the database is operable to store information comprising power consumed by the power consuming grid elements, power to be reduced to the power consuming grid elements, power supplied to the electric power grid, and power to be made available for supply to the electric power grid;
wherein the server is further operable to generate at least one power supply value (PSV), wherein each of the at least one PSV corresponds to an actual value of power to be reduced to each of the power consuming grid elements and power to be supplied to the electric power grid by each of the power supplying grid elements, wherein each of the at least one PSV is a monetary supply equivalent value based on measurement and verification, and wherein each of the at least one PSV provides for a curtailment value as a supply to the electric power grid;
wherein the generation of the at least one PSV is based on measurement and verification;
wherein the actual value of power is a supply equivalent value accepted by a governing entity to provide power supply to the electric power grid; and
wherein the system is operable for providing maintained or improved grid reliability and stability.

US Pat. No. 9,899,836

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETERMINING AND UTILIZING CUSTOMER ENERGY PROFILES FOR LOAD CONTROL FOR INDIVIDUAL STRUCTURES, DEVICES, AND AGGREGATION OF SAME

CAUSAM ENERGY, INC., Ral...

1. A method for determining and using customer energy profiles to manage electrical load control events on a communications
network between a server in communication with an electric grid operator or any market participant associated with an electric
grid and a client device at each of a plurality of service points, comprising the steps of:
generating at the server, a customer profile for each of a plurality of customers including at least one customer energy consumption
pattern for each of the plurality of customers at an associated service point; wherein one customer has a plurality of controllable
energy consuming devices; wherein the at least one customer energy consumption pattern for each of the plurality of customers
is determined based on a Power Supply Value (PSV) for each of the plurality of controllable energy consuming devices; wherein
the PSV is calculated at each of the plurality of controllable energy consuming devices based on a reduction in consumed power
by each of the plurality of controllable energy consuming devices; wherein the PSV is an actual value that includes a measurement
and a verification of the reduction in consumed power, thereby providing for a curtailment value;

storing a plurality of customer profiles in a database at the server for use in load control events;
aggregating the plurality of customer profiles into a plurality of groups based on at least one predetermined criterion;
generating at the server, a candidate list of service points for load control events based on the at least one predetermined
criterion;

sending a load control event to at least one selected service point in the candidate list of service points in response to
an energy reduction request including a target energy savings received from the electric grid operator or any market participant
associated with an electric grid via the communications network;

determining at the server, a resulting energy savings for the plurality of controllable energy consuming devices resulting
from the reduction in consumed power associated with the load control event at the selected service point, wherein the resulting
energy savings is determined by calculating the PSV in units of a monetary equivalent market value for supplied power at that
time; and

determining at the server, if the resulting energy savings is at least equal to the target energy savings.

US Pat. No. 9,880,580

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MICROGRID POWER GENERATION MANAGEMENT WITH SELECTIVE DISCONNECT

CAUSAM ENERGY, INC., Ral...

1. A method for distributed power storage management, comprising:
providing at least one power storage device connected to an electric power grid at distributed locations;
providing a controller system connected to the at least one power storage device, wherein the controller system comprises
at least one server computer, located centrally or distributed over a network, in network communication with a monitoring
device and a controllable device associated with the at least one power storage device;

the monitoring device tracking a real-time energy market price;
the at least one server computer automatically generating event instructions to the controllable device when the real-time
energy market price is at least at a threshold at which point the power generated is directed to be released and sold to the
electric power grid; and

the controllable device selectively automatically enabling electric power flow from the at least one power storage device
to the electric power grid.

US Pat. No. 9,729,010

SYSTEM, METHOD, AND APPARATUS FOR ELECTRIC POWER GRID AND NETWORK MANAGEMENT OF GRID ELEMENTS

Causam Energy, INC., Ral...

1. An apparatus for smart electric power grid communication:
the apparatus operable to receive at least one registration message from at least one grid element over an Internet Protocol
(IP)-based network;

wherein the at least one registration message is based upon participation of the at least one grid element within an electric
power grid for load, supply, and/or curtailment of power;

wherein the at least one grid element has at least one attribute, wherein the at least one attribute includes revenue grade
metrology, calibration, operating capacity, security, settlement, status, table information, pricing, telemetry, changes in
time, location of market, attachment point information, geodetic information, a grid element identifier, an apparatus identifier,
a grid element profile, an apparatus profile, power consumption, power flows, information accuracy of a grid element, information
accuracy of the apparatus, software, firmware, upgrades, and/or prioritization;

wherein the apparatus is operable to register the at least one attribute upon receipt of the at least one registration message
from the at least one grid element;

wherein the at least one grid element is operable to be automatically and/or autonomously transformed into at least one active
grid element for actively functioning in the electric power grid after transmitting the at least one registration message;
wherein the transformation of the at least one function of the at least one grid element includes enabling, improving, modifying,
enhancing, and/or changing operating reserves, grid stabilization, native load to be served, efficiency, management, real-time
energy management, settlement, memory, ASIC, metrology, location, security, status, change-in-state, grid stability, load
curtailment, supply availability, transmission capacity, supply, metrology tables, power supply values (PSV), power trade
block (PTB), and/or device assignment; and

wherein the apparatus is operable to match the at least one active grid element to maintain and balance energy management
system requirements with those of the electric power grid and the at least one active grid element.

US Pat. No. 9,704,206

SYSTEM, METHOD, AND APPARATUS FOR SETTLEMENT FOR PARTICIPATION IN AN ELECTRIC POWER GRID

CAUSAM ENERGY, INC., Ral...

1. A system for market-based settlement of transactions within an electric power grid network comprising:
a settlement processor;
at least one coordinator; and
at least one active grid element;
the settlement processor for market-based financial settlements comprises a server or a processor operatively coupled with
a memory, constructed and configured for electrical connection and IP-based communication via a network with the at least
one active grid element;

the at least one active grid element communicates with at least one coordinator via the network in real-time or in a predetermined
timeframe;

each of the at least one active grid element provides automated messaging to the settlement processor;
the settlement processor provides automated messaging used for a market-based financial settlement based upon revenue grade
metrology data generated by the at least one active grid element from a participation in an electric power grid and a kilowatt
packet (KWP) unit; and

each KWP unit provides a quantifying market rate for monetization for any unit of kilowatts with respect to time.

US Pat. No. 9,952,611

SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR ACTIVELY MANAGING ELECTRIC POWER OVER AN ELECTRIC POWER GRID AND PROVIDING REVENUE GRADE DATA USABLE FOR SETTLEMENT

CAUSAM ENERGY, INC., Ral...

1. A system for managing power information on an electric power grid comprising:a server having a processor coupled with a memory, and constructed and configured for communication over a network for communicating Internet-Protocol-based (IP-based) messages with power consuming devices and/or power supplying devices;
a database for storing information relating to power consumed or supplied by the power consuming or supplying devices and the amount of power available to be reduced or supplied to each of the power consuming devices and/or power supplying devices;
wherein the IP-based messages include information relating to activities by the power consuming devices and/or the power supplying devices;
wherein the information is transformed by the system into settlement grade data corresponding to the activities of the power consuming devices and/or the power supplying devices;
wherein the settlement grade data includes a quantification of revenue grade power available to be reduced or curtailed by the activities of the power consuming devices and revenue grade power available to be supplied by the activities of the power supplying devices;
wherein the settlement grade data is used to trade and settle power to a power market; and
at least one active load client operable to receive at least one of the IP-based messages and control at least one of the power consuming devices and at least one of the power supplying devices based on the received at least one of the IP-based messages.

US Pat. No. 9,729,012

SYSTEM, METHOD, AND APPARATUS FOR ELECTRIC POWER GRID AND NETWORK MANAGEMENT OF GRID ELEMENTS

Causam Energy, INC., Ral...

1. A system for electric power grid element and network management comprising:
at least one grid element constructed and configured for electrical connection and for internet protocol (IP)-based network
communication with a server and/or a processor operatively coupled with a memory;

wherein the at least one grid element is automatically and/or autonomously transformed into at least one active grid element
after automatically communicating an initial message to the server and/or the processor operatively coupled with the memory
via a network;

wherein the initial message includes a unique grid element identifier, an equipment identifier, a class of service information,
capability, capacity, function information, geodetic information, an attachment point in an electric power grid, IP address
information, communication format, content information, security information, and authentication information;

wherein the at least one active grid element functions actively within the electric power grid;
wherein the transformation is registered in a database or a multiplicity of databases constructed and configured in network-based
communication for receiving registration data from a multiplicity of grid elements; and

wherein the registration information associated with the at least one active grid element is combined with information about
generation, transmission, and distribution system of the electric power grid, stored in the database, and processed with analytics
to simulate modeling for attachment of the at least one active grid element to the electric power grid.

US Pat. No. 9,651,973

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ESTIMATING AND PROVIDING DISPATCHABLE OPERATING RESERVE ENERGY CAPACITY THROUGH USE OF ACTIVE LOAD MANAGEMENT

Causam Energy, Inc., Ral...

1. A system that receives electric power from an electric power grid, the system comprising:
at least one power consuming device that requires electric power to operate;
at least one controllable device operably coupled to the at least one power consuming device, the at least one controllable
device operable to control a flow of grid-supplied electric power to the at least one power consuming device responsive to
power control instructions;

a backup power subsystem operably coupled to the at least one power consuming device, the backup power subsystem operable
to automatically supply electric power to the at least one power consuming device when a flow of grid-supplied electric power
to the at least one power consuming device drops below a threshold; and

a client device operable to receive power control messages from a remote system control component and provide power control
instructions to the at least one controllable device responsive to the power control messages, wherein a first received power
control message instructs the client device to disable a flow of grid-supplied electric power to the at least one power consuming
device, and wherein a first power control instruction instructs the at least one controllable device to disable the flow of
grid-supplied electric power to the at least one power consuming device and causing activation of the backup power subsystem;

wherein each of the at least one power consuming devices has a corresponding power supply value (PSV) for a period of time
of the disabled flow of electric power.

US Pat. No. 9,989,982

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ACTIVELY MANAGING ELECTRIC POWER OVER AN ELECTRIC POWER GRID AND PROVIDING REVENUE GRADE DATA USABLE FOR SETTLEMENT

CAUSAM ENERGY, INC., Ral...

1. A system for managing power information for generating operating reserves on an electric power grid comprising:a server constructed and configured for communication over a network for communicating Internet Protocol (IP)-based messages with at least one power consuming device and at least one power supplying device;
wherein the IP-based messages comprise an amount of power consumed and an amount of power available to be reduced by the at least one power consuming device and an amount of power supplied and an amount of power available to be supplied by the at least one power supplying device;
a database for storing information including revenue grade metrology data from at least one revenue grade meter or sub-meter within a time interval relating to activities of the at least one power consuming device and the at least one power supplying device;
wherein the amount of power available to be reduced to the at least one power consuming device is transformed into a supply equivalency value accepted by a governing entity based on measurement and verification, wherein the supply equivalency value provides for a curtailment value as a requirement for providing supply to the electric power grid;
wherein the server initiates power control instructions causing the at least one power consuming device to reduce consumed power based on the information stored in the database and the supply equivalency value;
wherein the operating reserves are generated based on the supply equivalency value from the at least one power consuming device and the amount of power available to be supplied by the at least one power supplying device.

US Pat. No. 10,116,560

SYSTEMS, METHODS, AND APPARATUS FOR COMMUNICATING MESSAGES OF DISTRIBUTED PRIVATE NETWORKS OVER MULTIPLE PUBLIC COMMUNICATION NETWORKS

CAUSAM ENERGY, INC., Ral...

1. A system for communicating messages of a distributed private network (DPN) over a plurality of communication networks for critical infrastructure, the system comprising:at least one of an inter-network interface and a message coordinator; wherein the inter-network interface comprises at least one network interface, a processing function and a memory; and wherein the message coordinator comprises at least one network interface, a processing device and a memory;
wherein the inter-network interface is part of a service area of a first electric utility;
wherein the inter-network interface is communicatively coupled to the message coordinator;
wherein the inter-network interface is operable to receive a packetized message from a first DPN network element of the service area of the first electric utility over a first communication network;
wherein the packetized message utilizes a complete Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) protocol stack, including physical, data link, network, transport with an aggregation sublayer, session, presentation, and application layers, wherein the protocol stack identifies the packetized message as being a message communicated within the DPN;
wherein the inter-network interface is operable to process the packetized message from lowest to highest OSI layer using only physical, data link, network, and transport layers with aggregation sublayer;
wherein the inter-network interface is operable to communicate the packetized message to the message coordinator;
wherein the message coordinator is operable to:
receive the packetized message from the inter-network interface;
assign a transport route for the packetized message;
assign a priority and a security protocol to the packetized message based on a prioritization protocol for the DPN, wherein the prioritization protocol is based on a class of service to a second DPN network element of a second service area of a second electric utility; and
return the packetized message to the inter-network interface;
wherein the inter-network interface is operable to determine whether the assigned transport route is available;
wherein the inter-network interface is operable to communicate the packetized message to the second DPN network element over a second communication network based on the assigned transport route or an alternative transport route when the assigned transport route is unavailable; and
wherein the first DPN network element has a lower class of service than the inter-network interface.

US Pat. No. 10,116,134

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETERMINING AND UTILIZING CUSTOMER ENERGY PROFILES FOR LOAD CONTROL FOR INDIVIDUAL STRUCTURES, DEVICES, AND AGGREGATION OF SAME

CAUSAM ENERGY, INC., Ral...

1. A method for determining and using customer energy profiles to manage electrical load control events on a communications network between a server in communication with an electric grid operator or any market participant associated with an electric power grid and a plurality of customers at a plurality of service points, comprising:generating, a plurality of customer profiles for the plurality of customers, wherein each customer profile comprises at least energy consumption information for a plurality of controllable energy consuming devices at the plurality of service points, wherein the plurality of controllable energy consuming devices include a plurality of controllable temperature control devices or building control systems;
storing the plurality of customer profiles in a database for use in load control events;
aggregating the plurality of customer profiles into at least one aggregate customer profile based on at least one predetermined criterion;
generating a candidate list of service points for load control events based on the at least one predetermined criterion;
sending a load control event to at least one service point selected from the candidate list of service points in response to an energy reduction request including a target energy savings received from the electric grid operator or any market participant associated with the electric power grid via the communications network;
determining an energy savings for the plurality of controllable energy consuming devices resulting from a reduction in consumed power associated with the load control event at the at least one service point, wherein the energy savings is determined based on a monetary supply equivalent value for each of the plurality of controllable energy consuming devices, wherein each monetary supply equivalent value is a measurement and a verification of the reduction in consumed power by each of the plurality of controllable energy consuming devices, wherein the monetary supply equivalent value is a curtailment value as a supply accepted by governing entities for awarding the plurality of customers; and
determining the resulting energy savings is at least equal to the target energy savings.