US Pat. No. 9,200,600

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A FUEL SYSTEM OF A MARINE PROPULSION ENGINE

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A method for controlling a fuel system of a marine propulsion engine, comprising the steps of:
providing a flow control device which is connected in fluid communication with a fuel reservoir of said fuel system;
measuring an operating speed of said marine propulsion engine;
determining a desired venting command for venting gaseous fuel from said fuel reservoir to a point upstream from a throttle
valve disposed within a throttle body, wherein said desired venting command is determined as a function of said measured operating
speed;

selecting a plurality of intermediate venting commands as a function of said desired venting command and of a current venting
command associated with a previous operating speed of said marine propulsion engine, wherein said plurality of intermediate
venting commands comprises a series of venting commands that sequentially increase from said current venting command to said
desired venting command, and wherein each intermediate venting command in said plurality of intermediate venting commands
is determined based on a remaining difference between an immediately preceding intermediate venting command and said desired
venting command; and

actuating said flow control device according to said selected plurality of intermediate venting commands.

US Pat. No. 9,481,438

OUTBOARD MOTOR COWL ASSEMBLY USING SHAPE MEMORY ALLOY TO ACTUATE SEAL AND/OR LATCH

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A cowl assembly for an outboard motor, the cowl assembly comprising: first and second cowl members configured to be joined
together proximate respective first and second mating edges thereof, wherein the first mating edge has a relatively smaller
perimeter than the second mating edge, such that the second mating edge overlaps the first mating edge;
a fastening assembly including a latch coupled to one of the first and second cowl members, and a retaining mechanism coupled
to the other of the first and second cowl members, the latch and the retaining mechanism configured to engage one another
so as to fasten the first and second cowl members together;

a seal coupled to the first cowl member and configured to form a fluid tight joint between the first and second cowl members,
wherein the seal is coupled around the entire perimeter of the first mating edge;

at least one shape memory alloy wire coupled to the seal, wherein the at least one shape memory alloy wire is embedded in
and coextensive with an outer lip of the seal; and

a switch configured to selectively provide electrical current to the at least one shape memory alloy wire so as to activate
the at least one shape memory alloy wire;

wherein activation of the at least one shape memory alloy wire causes disengagement of the seal from the second cowl member,
to enable separation of the first cowl member from the second cowl member.

US Pat. No. 9,376,195

EXHAUST GAS IDLE RELIEF SYSTEM FOR AN OUTBOARD MOTOR

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. An outboard motor comprising:
an engine having an exhaust gas discharge opening;
a midsection housing coupled below and supporting the engine;
an exhaust pipe having an exhaust inlet in fluid communication with the exhaust gas discharge opening, the exhaust pipe extending
downwardly to a primary exhaust outlet;

an idle relief port in the exhaust pipe, the idle relief port located in a fluid path between the exhaust inlet and the primary
exhaust outlet; and

a sound-attenuating plenum chamber having an interior that is in fluid communication with an interior of the exhaust pipe
by way of the idle relief port;

wherein the plenum chamber is a separate component that is exterior to the midsection housing; and
wherein exhaust gas flows from the interior of the exhaust pipe to the interior of the plenum chamber without first flowing
through the midsection housing.

US Pat. No. 9,205,906

MOUNTS, MOUNTING ARRANGEMENTS, AND METHODS OF MAKING MOUNTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUPPORTING OUTBOARD MOTORS WITH RESPECT TO MARINE VESSELS

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A mount for supporting an outboard motor with respect to a marine vessel, the mount comprising:
an outer shell, an inner wedge disposed in the outer shell, and an elastomeric spacer between the outer shell and the inner
wedge;

wherein the mount axially extends between first and second ends in an axial direction;
wherein the mount radially extends between an inside and an outside in a vertical direction that is perpendicular to the axial
direction and in a horizontal direction that is perpendicular to the axial direction and perpendicular to the vertical direction;

wherein the inner wedge has an asymmetrical shape with respect to the vertical direction when viewed in a cross-section taken
perpendicular to the axial direction; and

wherein the asymmetrical shape comprises a first outer surface that extends transversely at an angle to the horizontal and
vertical directions; and a second outer surface that extends transversely at a different, second angle to the horizontal and
vertical directions;

an inner borehole that extends through the inner wedge in the axial direction; and
an elongated connector that extends through the inner borehole.

US Pat. No. 9,359,059

OUTBOARD MARINE ENGINES HAVING GEARCASE STRUTS WITH FLOW SEPARATORS

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. An outboard marine engine comprising:
an anti-ventilation plate;
a torpedo housing that is disposed below the anti-ventilation plate;
a gearcase strut that extends from the anti-ventilation plate to the torpedo housing, wherein the gearcase strut has a leading
end, a trailing end, and opposing outer surfaces that extend from the leading end to the trailing end; and

a flow separator on each of the outer surfaces, wherein the flow separator is located closer to the trailing end than the
leading end and causes flow of water across the gearcase strut to separate from the outer surface;

wherein each flow separator comprises a protrusion that extends from the outer surface;
wherein the protrusion comprises at least one edge; and
wherein the at least one edge comprises a leading edge that faces the leading end of the gearcase strut.

US Pat. No. 9,192,800

EXERCISE EQUIPMENT HAVING A WEIGHT STACK, CONNECTORS FOR EXERCISE EQUIPMENT HAVING A WEIGHT STACK AND METHODS OF ASSEMBLING EXERCISE EQUIPMENT HAVING A WEIGHT STACK

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. Exercise equipment comprising:
a weight stack having a plurality of weights that are configured to oppose a given exercise motion through a cable and pulley
system;

a head plate that is disposed on the weight stack;
a bayonet that extends from the head plate into the weight stack;
an elongated connector that removably connects the cable and pulley system to the head plate and bayonet;
wherein the elongated connector comprises a monolithic elongated stud having a first threaded cylindrical portion and a second
threaded cylindrical portion that axially extends from the first threaded cylindrical portion, wherein the first threaded
cylindrical portion has an outer diameter that is greater than an outer diameter of the second threaded cylindrical portion;

wherein the first threaded cylindrical portion is threadingly engaged with a threaded recess on one of the head plate and
bayonet and wherein the second threaded cylindrical portion axially extends from the threaded recess, oppositely with respect
to the bayonet;

wherein the second threaded cylindrical portion is threadingly engaged with a jam nut;
wherein an operator can visually determine when the elongated connector is not fully engaged with the threaded recess when
the first threaded cylindrical portion is not fully disposed in the threaded recess; and

wherein an operator can visually determine when the elongated connector is fully engaged with the threaded recess when the
first threaded cylindrical portion is fully disposed in the threaded recess.

US Pat. No. 9,481,439

STERN DRIVES HAVING VIBRATION ISOLATION

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A stern drive for a marine vessel, the stern drive comprising:
a gimbal housing that is configured for connection to the marine vessel,
a gimbal ring that is steerable with respect to the gimbal housing about a vertical steering axis;
a driveshaft housing that is connected to the gimbal ring;
a trim actuator that is configured to trim the driveshaft housing about a horizontal trim axis, wherein the trim actuator
has a first end that is pivotably connected to the gimbal ring at a horizontal first pivot axis and a second end that is pivotably
connected to the driveshaft housing at a horizontal second pivot axis;

a resilient driveshaft housing vibration isolator located along the horizontal second pivot axis, wherein the resilient vibration
isolator isolates vibration forces on the driveshaft housing;

a resilient gimbal ring vibration isolator located along the trim axis, wherein the gimbal ring vibration isolator isolates
vibration forces on the gimbal ring;

wherein the horizontal first pivot axis is located vertically below the trim axis and wherein the horizontal second pivot
axis is located aftwardly of the trim axis;

wherein the stern drive has a center of gravity that is located between the driveshaft housing vibration isolator and the
gimbal ring vibration isolator;

wherein the trim actuator is one of a port and a starboard trim actuator, which are located on opposite sides of the driveshaft
housing, wherein each of the port and starboard trim actuators having a first end that is pivotably connected to the gimbal
ring at the horizontal first pivot axis and a second end that is pivotably connected to the driveshaft housing at the horizontal
second pivot axis;

a pivot shaft that extends along the horizontal second pivot axis between the second ends of the port and starboard trim actuators;
and

wherein the driveshaft housing vibration isolator comprises a rubber cylinder disposed on the pivot shaft; and
a metal sleeve disposed between the pivot shaft and the rubber cylinder.

US Pat. No. 9,457,882

MOUNTING ASSEMBLY AND LOCK RING FOR MARINE STERN DRIVE ENGINE

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A mounting assembly for an outboard marine engine, the mounting assembly comprising:
a mounting base, a lock ring, and an engine mounting bracket for securing an engine to a watercraft; the mounting base further
comprising a threaded mounting bolt and a plurality of nuts including a lower nut, a middle adjustment nut, and an upper nut;

the lock ring further comprising a top surface, a bottom surface, an aperture extending through a thickness of the lock ring
from the top surface to the bottom surface, an outer periphery and at least one arm downwardly extending from the outer periphery
and having an inner surface for interaction with at least one of the plurality of nuts;

the engine mounting bracket further comprising a platform having a top surface and a bottom surface with an aperture configured
to receive the threaded mounting bolt and the at least one arm of the locking ring extending therethrough;

wherein the threaded mounting bolt receives the lower nut, the middle adjustment nut, the engine mounting bracket, the lock
ring and the upper nut such that a bottom surface of the engine mounting bracket engages the middle adjustment nut, the bottom
surface of the lock ring engages the top surface of the engine mounting bracket platform with the downwardly extending arm
of the lock ring extending through the engine mounting platform aperture and engaging the middle adjustment nut, the threaded
mounting bolt extends though the apertures of the engine mounting bracket platform and locking ring, and the upper nut engages
the top surface of the lock ring preventing rotation of the middle adjustment nut;

wherein the middle adjustment nut has an outer surface with a plurality of wrench flats and transition points therebetween,
and the inner surface of the downwardly extending arm on the lock ring is concave to engage the outer surface of the middle
adjustment nut at either a wrench flat or a transition point of the middle adjustment nut; and

wherein the lower nut is rotatable to create a downward force on the mounting base.

US Pat. No. 9,156,536

MARINE PROPULSION SYSTEM WITH EFFICIENT ENGINE SPEED DELTA

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A method for changing controlled engine speed of a marine internal combustion engine in a marine propulsion system for
propelling a marine vessel, wherein said engine is operated at an operator-selected engine speed and an engine speed control
system maintains engine speed at said operator-selected engine speed, said engine having a throttle controlling engine speed
according to throttle position,
said method comprising:
responding to an operator changing said operator-selected engine speed, from a first-selected engine speed to a second-selected
engine speed, by predicting throttle position needed to provide said second-selected engine speed;

providing a feed forward signal moving said throttle to said predicted throttle position;
moving said throttle, in response to said operator changing said operator-selected engine speed from said first-selected engine
speed to said second-selected engine speed, to attempt to set engine speed at said second-selected engine speed; and

after moving said throttle to said predicted throttle position, using said engine speed control system to maintain engine
speed at said second-selected engine speed.

US Pat. No. 9,475,560

OUTBOARD MOTOR AND MIDSECTION ASSEMBLY FOR OUTBOARD MOTOR

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. An outboard motor comprising:
an internal combustion engine;
an adapter plate having an upper end that is coupled to and supports the engine and a lower end formed as a cylindrical neck;
a driveshaft housing situated below the adapter plate and having an integral oil sump collecting oil that drains from the
engine and through the adapter plate neck, the oil sump having a cylindrical upper end;

a first bearing coupling the adapter plate neck to the upper end of the oil sump such that the driveshaft housing is suspended
from and rotatable with respect to the adapter plate;

a driveshaft having an upper end coupled to a crankshaft of the engine, and extending along a driveshaft axis through the
adapter plate neck, the first bearing, and the oil sump toward a lower end; and

a steering actuator coupled to and configured to rotate the oil sump so as to rotate the driveshaft housing around the driveshaft
axis with respect to the adapter plate and thereby vary a direction of thrust produced by the outboard motor.

US Pat. No. 9,315,099

FUEL FILL APPARATUS FOR USE WITH FUEL TANKS

BRUNSWICK CORPORATION, L...

1. A fuel fill apparatus comprising:
a body defining a fuel fill passageway having a first opening to define a throat area, a second opening to receive an end
of a fuel nozzle, and a third opening to guide liquid fuel from the fuel nozzle to a cavity of a fuel tank, the first opening
having a first axis, the second opening defining a second axis and the third opening defining a third axis, the first axis
of the first opening and third axis of the third opening being coaxially aligned to define a central axis of the fuel fill
passageway and the second axis of the second opening being parallel and offset relative to the first and third axes;

a first plurality of longitudinal ribs;
a second plurality of longitudinal ribs positioned adjacent the first longitudinal ribs, the first and second longitudinal
ribs positioned in the fuel fill passageway to position the end of the fuel nozzle in the second opening of the fuel fill
passageway such that a central axis of the end of the fuel nozzle is offset and parallel relative to the central axis of the
fuel fill passageway and an aspirator of the fuel nozzle is positioned adjacent an inner wall of the fuel fill passageway
when the fuel nozzle is inserted in the fuel fill passageway; and

a deflector positioned in the fuel fill passageway adjacent an end of the first and second plurality of ribs to direct fuel
vapors away from an aspirator of the fuel nozzle when the fuel nozzle is inserted in second opening of the fuel fill passageway.

US Pat. No. 9,126,078

STRIDE ADJUSTMENT MECHANISM

BRUNSWICK CORPORATION, L...

1. An exercise apparatus comprising:
a frame;
a microprocessor for controlling the apparatus;
a pivot axle supported by said frame;
a pedal lever; including a first, a central and a second portion;
a pedal, secured to said central portion of said pedal lever;
a reciprocating guide mechanism operatively connected to said microprocessor and coupled to said first portion of said pedal
lever effective to guide said first portion of said pedal lever in a generally horizontal reciprocating motion;

a crank rotationally connected to said pivot axle at a first end of said crank and adapted to support said second portion
of said pedal lever at second end of said crank;

a link crank secured to said crank and pivotally secured to said second portion of said pedal lever; and
a resilient member secured between said link crank and said pedal lever.

US Pat. No. 9,316,354

METHODS AND APPARATUS TO COUPLE COMPONENTS TO A FUEL TANK

BRUNSWICK CORPORATION, L...

1. An apparatus comprising:
a fuel tank defining a cavity, the fuel tank having an opening in a wall of the fuel tank to provide an access to the cavity;
a guide disposed in the cavity of the fuel tank, the guide to extend between a first portion of the cavity adjacent the opening
and a second portion of the cavity spaced away from the opening, the guide having a first end adjacent the cavity and a second
end adjacent the second portion of the cavity; and

a carrier to support a first fuel component, the carrier to slide on the guide between the first end of the guide and the
second end of the guide to position the first fuel component adjacent the second portion of the cavity.

US Pat. No. 9,422,047

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR FACILITATING SHIFT CHANGES IN MARINE PROPULSION DEVICES

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A method of facilitating shift changes in a marine propulsion device, the marine propulsion device having an internal combustion
engine and a shift linkage that operatively connects a shift lever to a transmission for effecting the shift changes amongst
a reverse gear, a neutral gear and a forward gear, the method comprising:
(a) determining that a reduction in speed of the internal combustion engine is necessary to facilitate an actual shift change;
(b) sensing a current speed of the internal combustion engine;
(c) comparing the current speed of the internal combustion engine to a stored threshold speed, wherein the stored threshold
speed is an idle entry threshold speed at which the speed of the internal combustion engine is being ramped down to a stored
idle set point speed by controlling at least one of an idle air control valve and a timing of spark in the internal combustion
engine;

(d) waiting to invoke the reduction in speed of the internal combustion engine if the current speed of the internal combustion
engine is above the stored threshold speed;

(e) invoking the reduction in speed of the internal combustion engine once the current speed of the internal combustion engine
reaches the stored threshold speed; and

(f) aborting step (e) if the actual shift change has already occurred.

US Pat. No. 9,409,476

FUEL FILL APPARATUS FOR USE WITH FUEL DELIVERY SYSTEMS

BRUNSWICK CORPORATION, L...

1. A fuel fill apparatus comprising:
a body defining a throat area adjacent an opening of the body, the opening configured to receive a fuel cap;
a fuel fill portion defining a first passageway extending at a non-perpendicular angle relative to a longitudinal axis of
the opening, wherein an axis of the first passageway and the longitudinal axis of the opening define an insertion angle of
the fuel fill apparatus, the insertion angle being approximately 29 degrees to enable the first passageway to receive a vapor
recovery fuel nozzle having a first angle and a non-vapor recovery fuel nozzle having a second angle different than the first
angle;

a vent portion defining a second passageway, wherein the first passageway is fluidly coupled to the second passageway via
the throat area; and

a fuel nozzle retainer disposed within the throat area, the retainer partially extending about a circumference of the opening.

US Pat. No. 9,341,008

HINGE ASSEMBLIES FOR A COWL OF AN OUTBOARD MOTOR

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A hinge assembly for a cowl of an outboard motor, the hinge assembly being configured to pivotably and releasably connect
a first portion of the cowl to a second portion of the cowl, the hinge assembly comprising:
an arm that is configured to connect to one of the first and second cowl portions and a retainer that is configured to connect
to another of the first and second cowl portions, wherein the arm is movable with respect to the retainer between a registered
position in which the arm is retained by and pivotable with respect to the retainer to thereby pivotably connect the first
portion of the cowl to the second portion of the cowl and an unregistered position in which the arm is separated from the
retainer so that the first portion of the cowl is separated from the second portion of the cowl;

wherein the arm comprises a first end that is configured to connect to the first portion of the cowl and an opposite, second
end that is configured to be pivotably retained by the retainer; and

a body that is disposed on and extends transversely to the second end of the arm, wherein the retainer comprises a complementary
recess that is configured to receive the body and permit pivoting of the arm with respect to the retainer.

US Pat. No. 9,359,057

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CONTROLLING MOVEMENT OF DRIVE UNITS ON A MARINE VESSEL

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A system for controlling movement of a plurality of drive units on a marine vessel, the system comprising:
a control circuit communicatively connected to each drive unit in the plurality of drive units;
an operator input device for inputting a desired steering angle to the control circuit;
a speed sensor for inputting a speed of the marine vessel to the control circuit;
wherein, when the marine vessel is turning, the control circuit defines one of the drive units in the plurality of drive units
as an inner drive unit and another of the drive units in the plurality of drive units as an outer drive unit;

wherein, based on the desired steering angle and the speed of the marine vessel, the control circuit calculates an inner drive
unit steering angle and an outer drive unit steering angle that will cause each of the inner and outer drive units to incur
substantially equal hydrodynamic loads while the marine vessel is turning;

wherein the control circuit subsequently sends steering control signals to actuate the inner and outer drive units to the
inner and outer drive unit steering angles, respectively; and

wherein an absolute value of the outer drive unit steering angle is less than an absolute value of the inner drive unit steering
angle.

US Pat. No. 9,381,989

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR POSITIONING A DRIVE UNIT ON A MARINE VESSEL

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A method for positioning a drive unit on a marine vessel, the method comprising:
receiving an initiation request from a user input device to operate the marine vessel in a desired operating mode in which
it is anticipated that the drive unit will provide a reverse thrust;

storing a first trim position of the drive unit in a memory upon receiving and in response to the initiation request;
trimming the drive unit to a second trim position automatically in response to the initiation request and subsequently operating
the marine vessel in the desired operating mode with the drive unit in the second trim position, wherein the second trim position
is a trim position in which the reverse thrust is not impeded by a hull of the marine vessel;

receiving a termination request to cancel the desired operating mode; and
trimming the drive unit to the first trim position automatically upon receiving the termination request.

US Pat. No. 9,096,124

FUEL CAP APPARATUS FOR USE WITH FUEL VENTING SYSTEMS

BRUNSWICK CORPORATION, L...

1. A fuel cap apparatus, comprising:
a fuel cap having a body defining a first side of the fuel cap and a second side of the fuel cap, the body having an opening
defining a perimeter, the perimeter and the opening being radially spaced relative to a central longitudinal axis of the body
such that the central longitudinal axis does not intersect the perimeter and the opening; and

a membrane layer at least disposed within the opening of the body between an outlet and an inlet of the opening, the membrane
layer to form a passageway therethrough and coated with a material to substantially prevent flow of liquid through the passageway
and permit flow of gas through the passageway.

US Pat. No. 9,480,869

EXERCISE EQUIPMENT HAVING A WEIGHT STACK, CONNECTORS FOR EXERCISE EQUIPMENT HAVING A WEIGHT STACK AND METHODS OF ASSEMBLING EXERCISE EQUIPMENT HAVING A WEIGHT STACK

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. Exercise equipment comprising:
a weight stack having a plurality of weights that are configured to oppose a given exercise motion through a cable and pulley
system;

a head plate that is disposed on the weight stack;
a bayonet that extends from the head plate into the weight stack;
an elongated connector that removably connects the cable and pulley system to the head plate and bayonet;
wherein the elongated connector comprises a monolithic elongated stud having a first externally threaded cylindrical portion
and a second externally threaded cylindrical portion that axially extends from the first externally threaded cylindrical portion,
wherein the first externally threaded cylindrical portion has an outer diameter that is greater than an outer diameter of
the second externally threaded cylindrical portion;

wherein the first externally threaded cylindrical portion is threadingly engaged with an internally threaded recess on one
of the head plate and bayonet and wherein the second externally threaded cylindrical portion axially extends axially away
from the internally threaded recess, oppositely with respect to the bayonet;

wherein an operator can visually determine when the elongated connector is not fully engaged with the internally threaded
recess when the first externally threaded cylindrical portion is not fully disposed in the internally threaded recess; and

wherein an operator can visually determine when the elongated connector is fully engaged with the internally threaded recess
when the first externally threaded cylindrical portion is fully disposed in the internally threaded recess.

US Pat. No. 9,109,271

NICKEL CONTAINING HYPEREUTECTIC ALUMINUM-SILICON SAND CAST ALLOY

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A hypereutectic aluminum silicon sand cast alloy consisting essentially of 18-20% by weight silicon, 0.3-1.2% by weight
magnesium, 3-6% by weight nickel, wherein the alloy is substantially free of iron, copper and manganese and the balance aluminum.

US Pat. No. 9,482,175

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR PROVIDING FUEL TO AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A system for providing fuel to an internal combustion engine, the system comprising:
a fuel reservoir for containing fuel for use by the internal combustion engine;
a first pump that pumps fuel from a supply tank into the fuel reservoir;
a battery that provides electrical power to the first pump; and
a control circuit that sends signals to selectively run the first pump so as both to minimize a total amount of electrical
power consumed by the system and to maintain at least a minimum amount of fuel in the fuel reservoir;

wherein the control circuit selectively runs the first pump in response to the internal combustion engine operating at a speed
that is below a predetermined threshold speed, and continuously runs the first pump in response to the internal combustion
engine operating at a speed that is above the predetermined threshold speed.

US Pat. No. 9,238,158

STAIR CLIMBER APPARATUSES AND STAIR APPARATUSES

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A stair climber apparatus comprising:
a frame;
a plurality of stairs that are pivotably connected together in series and travel in a loop with respect to the frame, the
plurality of stairs comprising a first stair having a tread and a riser, wherein the tread and riser are pivotably connected
together at a first pivot axis, and wherein the tread has a tread surface that supports an operator's foot; and

a stopping member on the tread, the stopping member having a stop surface that extends transversely to and upwardly from the
tread surface and prevents a portion of the operator's foot from overshooting the first pivot axis and engaging the riser
as the operator steps onto the tread surface when the riser is pivoted away from the tread;

wherein the stopping member is one of a plurality of stopping members that are spaced apart from each other and aligned with
respect to the first pivot axis; wherein each stopping member has a stop surface that extends transversely upwardly from the
tread surface; and

wherein the riser comprises a plurality of projections that are interdigitated amongst the plurality of stopping members along
the first pivot axis.

US Pat. No. 9,278,746

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR REDUNDANT DRIVE-BY-WIRE CONTROL OF MARINE ENGINES

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A drive-by-wire control system for a marine engine, the control system comprising:
an input device that is manually operable to provide operator inputs to an engine control unit (ECU) located with the engine;
wherein the ECU has a main processor that receives the inputs and controls speed of the engine based upon the inputs;
wherein the ECU has a watchdog processor that receives the inputs and monitors operations of the main processor based upon
the inputs; and

a communication link by which the operations of the main processor are communicated to the watchdog processor;
wherein the watchdog processor determines whether communication is properly occurring between the main processor and the watchdog
processor; and

wherein the watchdog processor monitors the speed of the engine, and consequential to one of interruption and cessation of
communication between the main processor and the watchdog processor, the watchdog processor infers whether the main processor
is properly functioning based upon the speed of the engine.

US Pat. No. 9,308,980

EXPANSION OF IDLE RELIEF EXHAUST GASES IN OUTBOARD MOTORS

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. An outboard motor comprising:
an internal combustion engine;
an adapter plate that supports the engine;
a driveshaft housing that is suspended below the adapter plate;
a lower cowl that surrounds the driveshaft housing;
a lower cowl volume that is defined between the adapter plate, the lower cowl and the driveshaft housing;
a lower cowl volume inlet that is configured to supply relief exhaust gases to the lower cowl volume; and
a lower cowl volume outlet that is configured to discharge the relief exhaust gases from the lower cowl volume to atmosphere
surrounding the outboard motor;

wherein the lower cowl volume is configured to cause expansion of the relief exhaust gases prior to discharge of the relief
exhaust gases to the atmosphere without passing through an intervening labyrinth structure;

wherein the exhaust tube is configured to discharge the exhaust gas to an exhaust gas volume that is located below the lower
cowl volume; and

wherein the exhaust gas volume is at least partially separated from the lower cowl volume by the driveshaft housing.

US Pat. No. 9,228,455

OUTBOARD MOTORS AND MARINE ENGINES HAVING CAM PHASER ARRANGEMENTS

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. An engine comprising:
a bank of piston-cylinders;
an intake camshaft that operates intake valves for controlling inflow of air to the bank of piston-cylinders;
an exhaust camshaft that operates exhaust valves for controlling outflow of exhaust as from the bank of piston-cylinders;
and

a cam phaser disposed on one of the intake camshaft and exhaust camshaft, the cam phaser being operably connected to and adjusting
a timing of operation of the other of the intake camshaft and exhaust camshaft with respect to the one of the intake camshaft
and exhaust camshaft; and

a crankshaft that is operably connected to the one of the intake camshaft and exhaust camshaft,
wherein combustion in the bank of piston-cylinders causes rotation of the crankshaft, which in turn causes rotation of the
one of the intake camshaft and exhaust camshaft;

wherein the cam phaser comprises a rotor portion that is rigidly connected to and rotates with the one of the intake camshaft
and exhaust camshaft; and

wherein the cam phaser comprises a stator portion that is connected to the other of the intake camshaft and the exhaust camshaft,
and wherein the stator portion rotates with respect to the rotor portion to thereby adjust the timing of operation of the
other of the intake camshaft and exhaust camshaft with respect to the crankshaft.

US Pat. No. 9,377,780

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETERMINING A HEADING VALUE OF A MARINE VESSEL

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A method for determining a heading value of a marine vessel, the method comprising:
determining a speed of the marine vessel;
determining a first estimate of a direction of the marine vessel based on information from a first source that detects the
direction of the marine vessel with respect to Earth's magnetic field;

determining a second estimate of the direction of the marine vessel based on information from a second source that detects
the direction of the marine vessel based on a vessel course over ground; and

inputting the speed, the first estimate, and the second estimate to a control circuit;
wherein the control circuit scales each of the first estimate and the second estimate and sums the scaled first estimate and
the scaled second estimate together so as to determine the heading value;

wherein the control circuit weights the first estimate more heavily than the second estimate when the marine vessel is operating
at a low speed, and weights the second estimate more heavily than the first estimate when the marine vessel is operating at
a high speed; and

wherein the control circuit provides the heading value to a heading control section, which compares the heading value to a
commanded heading in order to determine a corrective steering action and output a corrective steering command and orient the
marine vessel at the commanded heading based on the corrective steering command.

US Pat. No. 10,059,417

MARINE PROPULSION DEVICE WITH HYDROLOCK AND STALL PREVENTION

Brunswick Corporation, M...

1. A marine propulsion device comprising: an internal combustion engine driving a driveshaft into rotation, configured to propel a marine vessel;a starter-generator motor in a torque transmitting relationship with the driveshaft, wherein the starter-generator motor is alternately operable in a positive torque mode where it is powered by a battery to exert a positive torque on the driveshaft, and in a negative torque mode where it exerts a negative torque on the driveshaft and generates a charge to the battery;
a control module configured to:
receive an engine RPM;
determine an engine RPM drop rate;
determine that the engine RPM drop rate exceeds a threshold drop rate; and
operate the starter-generator motor in the positive torque mode based on the engine RPM drop rate when the engine RPM drop rate exceeds the threshold drop rate.

US Pat. No. 9,605,803

APPARATUS AND METHODS TO COUPLE FUEL COMPONENTS TO A FUEL TANK

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. An apparatus comprising:
a fuel tank having an upper wall, a bottom wall and side walls defining a cavity, the fuel tank having an access opening through
the upper wall of the fuel tank to enable access to the cavity;

a guide coupled to the upper wall and disposed in the cavity of the fuel tank, the guide having a first end and a second end
defining a length extending in a longitudinal direction proximate an interior surface of the upper wall between a first portion
of the cavity adjacent the access opening and a second portion of the cavity spaced away from the access opening, the guide
having a channel extending between the first end and the second end, the first end being accessible via the access opening;
and

a flexible coupling to be at least partially received by the channel of the guide and supported by the guide in a direction
along the interior surface of the upper wall, a first end of the flexible coupling to receive a first fuel component when
the flexible coupling is at least partially disposed in the channel of the guide and the first end of the flexible coupling
is adjacent the access opening, the flexible coupling to position the first fuel component adjacent the second end of the
guide when a second end of the flexible coupling opposite the first end of the flexible coupling is retracted from the channel
of the guide via the access opening.

US Pat. No. 9,376,191

OUTBOARD MOTOR WITH LIGHTWEIGHT MIDSECTION HOUSING

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. An outboard motor configured to be coupled to a transom of a marine vessel, the outboard motor comprising:
a midsection housing having a front side configured to face the transom, a back side opposite the front side, a left side,
and an opposite right side;

an engine having an engine block mounted directly to and supported by the midsection housing;
a driveshaft coupled in torque transmitting relation with a crankshaft of the engine, a portion of the driveshaft being located
exterior to the midsection housing; and

an exhaust pipe that conveys exhaust gas from an exhaust gas outlet of the engine downwardly away from the engine, the exhaust
pipe being located exterior to the midsection housing.

US Pat. No. 9,334,034

ENGINE UNIT WITH COMBINED TRIM AND STEERING

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A system for combined control of steering and trim of a sterndrive unit generating a propelling force, the system comprising:
a gimbal housing and bell housing permitting steering movement about a gimbal axis and trim movement about a trim pivot that
is perpendicular to the gimbal axis;

a drive connected to the bell housing;
a drive shaft housing connected to the drive and enclosing a drive shaft;
a gear case connected to the drive shaft housing, enclosing gears operatively connected to a drive shaft to rotate a propeller;
a port hydraulic cylinder that extends and retracts, the port cylinder having a first end and a second end, the first end
connected to the sterndrive unit at a first port joint, the second end connected to the sterndrive unit at a second port joint;

a starboard hydraulic cylinder that extends and retracts, the starboard cylinder having a first end and a second end, the
first end connected to the sterndrive unit at a first starboard joint, the second end connected to the sterndrive unit at
a second starboard joint;

wherein the first and second port and starboard joints are configured such that both of the steering and trim movements are
controlled by extension and retraction of the port and starboard hydraulic cylinders.

US Pat. No. 9,254,905

COOLING FLUID PUMP FOR COOLING A MARINE ENGINE

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A cooling fluid pump for a cooling a marine engine, the cooling fluid pump comprising a body having a pump chamber that
contains an impeller, an upstream inlet passage that supplies cooling fluid to the pump chamber, and a downstream outlet passage
that discharges cooling fluid from the pump chamber; an impeller shaft disposed in the body, wherein the impeller shaft rotates
the impeller, wherein rotation of the impeller causes flow of cooling fluid through the pump chamber from the upstream inlet
passage of the body to the downstream outlet passage of the body; and a drain passage in the body, wherein the drain passage
connects the pump chamber to the upstream inlet passage; wherein at least when the impeller is not rotating, the drain passage
drains cooling fluid that settles by gravity in the pump chamber back to the upstream inlet passage.

US Pat. No. 9,114,701

METHODS AND APPARATUS TO PROVIDE A PROTECTIVE BARRIER TO FUEL TANK COUPLING APPARATUS

BRUNSWICK CORPORATION, L...

1. A coupling apparatus for use with a fuel tank comprising:
a protective barrier having a support surface and a wall protruding from the support surface to define a cavity, wherein the
support surface is to couple the protective barrier to a surface of the fuel tank, the protective barrier configured to receive
a valve from above an upper surface of the wall, wherein an outer surface of the wall has a perimeter that is greater than
an outermost dimensional footprint of the valve such that the valve is at least partially recessed within the cavity and relative
to the upper surface of the wall, the wall of the protective barrier substantially to surround the valve when the valve is
positioned within the cavity, the wall of the protective barrier having an access to enable tubing to be coupled to a fitting
of the valve; and

a weld pad disposed within the cavity adjacent the support surface.

US Pat. No. 9,682,760

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR SETTING ENGINE SPEED RELATIVE TO OPERATOR DEMAND

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A method for setting an engine speed of an internal combustion engine in a marine propulsion device of a marine propulsion
system to an engine speed setpoint, the method comprising:
receiving an operator demand from an input device;
learning an adapted maximum engine speed;
calculating an engine speed setpoint by scaling the adapted maximum engine speed relative to the operator demand;
predicting a position of a throttle valve of the engine that is needed to achieve the engine speed setpoint; and
determining a feed forward signal that will move the throttle valve to the predicted position.

US Pat. No. 9,457,881

OUTBOARD MARINE ENGINES HAVING A BEDPLATE AND COVER ASSEMBLY

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. An outboard marine engine comprising:
an engine block;
a crankcase on the engine block;
a crankshaft disposed in the crankcase for rotation about a crankshaft axis;
a cover on the crankcase;
a bedplate disposed between the engine block and the cover, the bedplate having a plurality of bearings for supporting rotation
of the crankshaft;

a cooling water jacket that extends parallel to the crankshaft axis along a radially outer portion of the plurality of bearings,
the cooling water jacket carrying cooling water for cooling the plurality of bearings; and

at least one oil drain-back area located adjacent to the cooling water jacket, the at least one oil drain-back area draining
oil from the crankcase;

wherein the at least one oil drain-back area comprises separate first and second oil drain-back areas; and
wherein the cooling water jacket is located between the first and second oil drain-back areas.

US Pat. No. 9,284,032

THEFT DETERRENCE SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MARINE VESSELS

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A control system for deterring theft of a marine vessel having a plurality of engine control circuits that are selectively
connectable to a network bus, each engine control circuit controlling operation of a respective marine engine in a plurality
of marine engines, the control system comprising:
a security control circuit that receives a first transponder identification code from a first transponder;
wherein each engine control circuit has a first stored identification code;
wherein each engine control circuit that is connected to the network bus has an individual status that is based on a comparison
of the first stored identification code with the first transponder identification code;

wherein the individual status of the engine control circuit is locked if the first stored identification code does not match
the first transponder identification code and wherein the individual status of the engine control circuit is unlocked if the
first stored identification code does match the first transponder identification code; and

wherein the security control circuit performs a conjunctive analysis of each of the individual locked and unlocked statuses
of each of the engine control circuits in the plurality of engine control circuits that are connected to the network bus so
as to determine an overall arbitrated lock status of the control system, and in response to an outcome of the conjunctive
analysis, generates an indication specifying the arbitrated lock status to an operator of the marine vessel.

US Pat. No. 9,994,296

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING USER INPUT CONTROL ON A MARINE VESSEL

Brunswick Corporation, M...

1. A user input device for controlling steering and/or propulsion of a marine vessel, the user input device comprising:a movable member movable by a vessel operator to control the steering and/or propulsion of the marine vessel;
a variable resistance device controllable to vary resistance to movement of the movable member;
a controller that controls the variable resistance device, the controller configured to:
detect an unstable condition indicator indicating instability of the marine vessel; and
control the variable resistance device to increase resistance to movement of the movable member upon detecting the unstable condition indicator.

US Pat. No. 9,862,471

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR POSITIONING MULTIPLE TRIMMABLE MARINE PROPULSION DEVICES ON A MARINE VESSEL

Brunswick Corporation, M...

1. A method for positioning at least three trimmable marine propulsion devices coupled to a transom of a marine vessel, the
method being carried out by a controller and comprising:
identifying two propulsion devices located one on each of a port side and a starboard side of a vertical centerline of the
transom and spaced symmetrically with respect to the centerline of the transom;

defining the two propulsion devices as outer propulsion devices;
identifying a third propulsion device coupled to the transom between the outer propulsion devices;
defining the third propulsion device as an inner propulsion device;
receiving a user input to trim each of the outer and inner propulsion devices in a single direction with respect to current
trim angles of each of the outer and inner propulsion devices; and

in response to the user input, outputting a control signal; and
in response to the control signal, trimming the outer propulsion devices in the single direction to a first trim angle and
trimming the inner propulsion device in the single direction to a second trim angle that is different from the first trim
angle.

US Pat. No. 9,505,323

ADJUSTABLE BOAT SEAT HANDLES

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. An apparatus comprising a handle including a first portion rotatably coupled to a second portion via a pin disposed through
corresponding bores of the first and second portions, the first portion including a hand grip, the second portion operatively
coupled to an adjustment mechanism, wherein the first portion rotates in a first direction to fold relative to the second
portion and the first and second portions rotate together in a second direction to operate the adjustment mechanism.

US Pat. No. 9,376,194

IDLE RELIEF MUFFLERS AND OUTBOARD MOTORS HAVING IDLE RELIEF MUFFLERS

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. An idle relief muffler configured to discharge exhaust gases from an outboard motor to atmosphere surrounding the outboard
motor when an internal combustion engine of the outboard motor is operated at idle and at low speeds, the idle relief muffler
comprising:
an idle relief muffler housing having an open interior, an inlet port configured to convey the exhaust gases to the open interior,
and an outlet port configured to discharge the exhaust gases from the open interior; and

an exhaust grommet connected to the outlet port, wherein the exhaust grommet comprises a body that is configured to engage
with a cowl of the outboard motor and an extension that is configured to extend through the outlet port and protrude into
the open interior of the idle relief muffler housing, wherein the extension and the body together define a through-bore that
is configured to convey the exhaust gases from the open interior to the atmosphere.

US Pat. No. 9,216,805

COWL MOUNTING SYSTEM FOR OUTBOARD MARINE DRIVE

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A cowl mounting arrangement for an outboard marine drive for propelling a marine vessel, including in a forward direction,
said outboard marine drive having an upper powerhead covered by a cowl, said cowl mounting arrangement comprising front and
rear mounts coupling said cowl to said outboard marine drive in covering relation to said upper powerhead, said cowl having
a mounted condition coupled to said front and rear mounts, a stabilizer fulcrum comprising a vertically extending mounting
surface spaced between said front and rear mounts and preloading said cowl to provide cowl stability in said mounted condition;
wherein said cowl has a partially mounted condition in which said cowl is coupled to one of said front and rear mounts prior
to being coupled to the other of said front and rear mounts, said cowl being coupled to both of said front and rear mounts
in said mounted condition, and said stabilizer fulcrum preloads said cowl as said cowl is moved from said partially mounted
condition to said mounted condition, and maintains a torque load across said stabilizer fulcrum on said cowl between said
front and rear mounts in said mounted condition;

wherein said outboard marine drive is subject to impact-strike against a submerged object during said propelling of said marine
vessel, wherein said impact-strike would cause at least one dislodgement force vector tending to dislodge said cowl from said
one mount, wherein said torque load on said cowl provided by said stabilizer fulcrum maintains said cowl in said mounted condition
including in engagement with said one mount against said dislodgement force vector.

US Pat. No. 9,362,838

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM FOR CONNECTING MOBILE UNIT TO BASE UNIT

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. An electrical system connectable to an AC base power supply to provide AC base electrical power to a mobile unit, comprising
an AC/DC inverter receiving said AC base electrical power and outputting DC electrical power, a DC/AC inverter receiving DC
electrical power and outputting AC mobile unit electrical power for said mobile unit to an AC mobile unit power supply, said
AC mobile unit electrical power being provided to said AC mobile unit power supply without pass-through of said AC base electrical
power which would otherwise bypass said AC/DC inverter;
a battery receiving DC electrical power from said AC/DC inverter and outputting DC electrical power; and
wherein said DC/AC inverter receives DC electrical power from both said battery and said AC/DC inverter.

US Pat. No. 9,365,275

OUTBOARD MARINE PROPULSION DEVICES AND EXHAUST SYSTEMS FOR OUTBOARD MARINE PROPULSION DEVICES

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. An outboard marine propulsion device comprising:
an internal combustion engine having a cylinder head and a cylinder block; and
an exhaust manifold that discharges exhaust gases from the internal combustion engine towards a vertically extending catalyst
housing;

wherein the exhaust manifold has a plurality of horizontally extending inlet runners that receive the exhaust gases from the
internal combustion engine, and a vertically extending collecting passage that conveys the exhaust gases from the plurality
of horizontally extending inlet runners to a bend that redirects the exhaust gases downwardly towards the catalyst housing;

wherein the bend comprises a curved radially outer wall; and
wherein an uppermost inlet runner in the plurality of horizontally extending inlet runners has an uppermost radially inner
wall that horizontally extends from an uppermost cylinder in the cylinder head to an uppermost location on the curved radially
outer wall so that the exhaust gases flow only horizontally through the collecting passage and then downwardly in the bend;

wherein the uppermost radially inner wall is horizontally aligned with the uppermost location on the curved radially outer
wall such that exhaust gases that flow horizontally through the uppermost inlet runner tend to straighten exhaust gases that
flow in a swirling flow from the remaining inlet runners in the plurality of inlet runners.

US Pat. No. 9,255,538

CONTROL SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MARINE ENGINES EMITTING EXHAUST GAS

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A control system for a marine engine emitting exhaust gas, the control system comprising:
a sensor sensing a characteristic of the exhaust gas;
an electrical heater heating the sensor; and
a control circuit monitoring current drawn by the heater;
wherein the control circuit controls an operational characteristic of the engine based upon the characteristic of the exhaust
gas, and

wherein the control circuit modifies its control of the operational characteristic of the engine when the current drawn by
the heater changes by a predetermined amount.

US Pat. No. 9,446,829

TRANSMISSIONS FOR OUTBOARD MARINE ENGINES HAVING INTERNAL RING GEAR AND LAYSHAFT

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A transmission for an outboard marine engine, the transmission comprising:
a rotatable input shaft that is rotated by an internal combustion engine;
a rotatable output shaft that powers a propulsor;
a forward gear that causes forward rotation of the output shaft and propulsor;
a reverse gear that causes reverse rotation of the output shaft and propulsor;
a clutch that is movable between a forward clutch position wherein the forward gear causes the forward rotation of the output
shaft and propulsor and a reverse clutch position wherein the reverse gear causes the reverse rotation of the output shaft
and propulsor;

an internal ring gear that couples the output shaft to one of the forward gear and the reverse gear; and
a layshaft having a first gear coupled to the other of the forward gear and the reverse gear and a second gear coupled to
the output shaft, wherein the layshaft transfers power from the input shaft to the output shaft only when the clutch is moved
into one of the forward clutch and reverse clutch positions.

US Pat. No. 9,260,166

MULTIPLE POSITION HIDDEN AFT LOUNGE SEAT

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A seat for a marine vessel, comprising:
a seat back hingeably attached to a seat bottom, said seat back and seat bottom contained within a seat frame, said seat frame
integral with said marine vessel;

a seat back cap hingeably attached to a leading edge of said seat back;
wherein said seat is operable between a plurality of selected positions including an open position and a closed position;
wherein in said open position, said seat back is upright relative to said seat bottom providing at least one seating surface;
wherein, in said closed position, said seat back rests substantially parallel on said seat bottom and a rear surface of said
seat back functions as a sun pad; and

wherein, in said closed position, said seat back cap is deployed over a leading edge of said seat bottom and said leading
edge of said seat back to conceal said seat.

US Pat. No. 9,054,555

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR CHARGING A RECHARGEABLE BATTERY DEVICE ON A MARINE VESSEL

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A method of charging a rechargeable battery device on a marine vessel, the method comprising:
inputting to a control circuit via an input device an input specifying an amount of current that is available from a shore
power source;

sensing an amount of current that is being drawn from the shore power source by devices on the marine vessel other than a
voltage charger for charging a rechargeable battery device;

calculating with the control circuit a calculated amount of current that is available to charge the battery device based upon
the input specifying the amount of current that is available from the shore power source and the amount of current that is
being drawn from the shore power source by devices other than the voltage charger; and

limiting with the control circuit an amount of current being drawn by the voltage charger to charge the battery device, to
an amount that is equal to or less than the calculated amount of current that is available to charge the battery device.

US Pat. No. 9,927,520

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CLOSE PROXIMITY COLLISION DETECTION

Brunswick Corporation, M...

1. A method of detecting a collision of a marine vessel, the method comprising:sensing using distance sensors whether an object is within a predetermined distance of a marine vessel;
determining a direction of the object with respect to the marine vessel;
receiving a propulsion control input at a propulsion control input device;
if the object is within the predetermined distance, determining whether execution of the propulsion control input will move any portion of the marine vessel in the direction of the object;
generating a collision warning only if execution of the propulsion control input will move any portion of the marine vessel in the direction of the object; and
wherein generating the collision warning includes illuminating an indicator light; and
wherein the indicator light is an illuminable ring on the propulsion control input device, and wherein the step of illuminating the indicator light includes illuminating a portion of the illuminable ring corresponding to the direction of the object with respect to the marine vessel.

US Pat. No. 9,809,292

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR STEERING WHEEL CORRECTION ON A MARINE VESSEL

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A method of controlling steering alignment in a marine vessel, the method comprising:
detecting a rotational position of a steering device;
detecting a rotational position of a steerable component, wherein the steerable component is couplable to the marine vessel
and steerable to a plurality of positions so as to control a direction of movement of the marine vessel;

comparing the rotational position of the steering device to the rotational position of the steerable component;
detecting a misalignment between the steering device and the steerable component, wherein the misalignment is independent
of a steering command by a user to vary the direction of movement of the marine vessel; and

automatically adjusting relative operation between the steering device and the steerable component while the steering device
is moved by the user to control the direction of movement of the marine vessel until alignment between the steering device
and the steerable component is reached.

US Pat. No. 9,481,435

ASSEMBLIES FOR MOUNTING OUTBOARD MOTORS TO A MARINE VESSEL TRANSOM

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. An assembly for mounting two or more outboard motors to a transom of a marine vessel, the assembly comprising:
a first support structure configured to be coupled to the transom by a first plurality of fasteners that extend through the
first support structure and through a first set of holes that have been drilled in the transom;

a first steering head coupled to the first support structure and configured to support a first outboard motor thereupon for
rotation about a first generally vertical steering axis;

a second support structure configured to be coupled to the transom by a second plurality of fasteners that extend through
the second support structure and through a second set of holes that have been drilled in the transom; and

a second steering head coupled to the second support structure and configured to support a second outboard motor thereupon
for rotation about a second generally vertical steering axis;

wherein the first set of holes is divided by a generally vertical fore-aft central plane;
wherein the first outboard motor extends along a generally vertical fore-aft central plane; and
wherein the first support structure and the first steering head are coupled to one another such that the central plane of
the first outboard motor is capable of being laterally offset from the central plane of the first set of holes.

US Pat. No. 9,302,756

STERN DRIVES AND FLYWHEEL HOUSINGS FOR STERN DRIVES

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A stern drive for a marine vessel, the stern drive comprising an internal combustion engine, a flywheel housing located
on the internal combustion engine, and a conduit formed through the flywheel housing, wherein the conduit receives and discharges
exhaust gases from the internal combustion engine;
a gimbal housing, wherein the flywheel housing is located between the internal combustion engine and the gimbal housing, and
wherein the conduit directs the exhaust gases from the internal combustion engine to the gimbal housing;

wherein the flywheel housing comprises an inner mounting face that is mounted to an engine block of the internal combustion
engine and an outer mounting face that is mounted to the gimbal housing, wherein the inner mounting face and outer mounting
face are on axially opposite sides of the flywheel housing; and

wherein conduit comprises an inlet port through which the exhaust gases are received from the internal combustion engine and
an outlet port through which the exhaust gases are discharged to the gimbal housing, wherein the inlet port is located between
the inner and outer mounting faces and wherein the outlet port is located in the outer mounting face.

US Pat. No. 9,857,794

SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING POSITION AND SPEED OF A MARINE VESSEL

Brunswick Corporation, M...

1. A system for controlling position and speed of a marine vessel propelled by a marine propulsion device along a route comprising
a plurality of waypoints, the system comprising:
a controller in signal communication with the marine propulsion device;
an input source that provides the plurality of waypoints to the controller, each individual waypoint in the plurality of waypoints
being manually associated by an operator of the marine vessel with a respective numerical value of a desired speed of the
marine propulsion device;

a position determination device that determines an actual geographical location of the marine vessel; and
a speed sensor that determines an actual speed of the marine propulsion device;
wherein the controller receives a given waypoint and its respective desired speed from the input source, the actual geographical
location from the position determination device, and the actual speed from the speed sensor;

wherein the controller compares the actual geographical location to the given waypoint and the actual speed to the respective
desired speed, and outputs commands to propel the marine vessel to the given waypoint and concurrently to operate the marine
propulsion device at the respective desired speed;

wherein the input source is a user interface that allows the operator to associate each given waypoint with its respective
desired speed; and

wherein the user interface includes a user-selectable function by which the controller flags any waypoints for which the respective
desired speed exceeds a known waterway speed limit for a geographical area containing the waypoint.

US Pat. No. 9,341,501

ANALOG GAUGE DRIVER

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A system for driving an analog gauge that displays an indication of a condition of a vehicle, the system comprising:
a microcontroller that receives a signal representing a voltage at a sender terminal of the analog gauge and a signal representing
the condition of the vehicle; and

a current driver circuit in signal communication with the microcontroller;
wherein the microcontroller determines a desired resistance based on the condition of the vehicle, and determines a current
command signal based on the desired resistance and the voltage at the sender terminal of the analog gauge;

wherein the microcontroller sends the current command signal to the current driver circuit to command a flow of current through
the current driver circuit;

wherein the current driver circuit is coupled to the sender terminal of the analog gauge and has a virtual resistance simulated
by the flow of current through the current driver circuit and the voltage at the sender terminal of the analog gauge; and

wherein the analog gauge is driven according to the virtual resistance of the current driver circuit so as to display the
indication of the condition of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,290,256

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR STEERING A TROLLING MOTOR

Brunswick Corporation, L...

14. A method for steering a trolling motor, the method comprising:
providing a mechanical steering system including a mechanical steering input device and a mechanical linkage extending from
the mechanical steering input device to a steering shaft that controls an orientation of the trolling motor;

providing an electromechanical actuation system that is configured to be coupled to the mechanical steering system;
selectively manually actuating the mechanical steering system so as to rotate the steering shaft; and
selectively actuating the mechanical steering system with the electromechanical actuation system so as to rotate the steering
shaft.

US Pat. No. 9,248,898

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CONTROLLING SPEED OF A MARINE VESSEL

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A system that controls a speed of a marine vessel, the system comprising:
a first propulsion device that produces a first thrust to propel the marine vessel;
a second propulsion device that produces a second thrust to propel the marine vessel;
a control circuit that controls orientation of the first and second propulsion devices about first and second steering axes,
respectively, so as to control a direction of the first thrust and a direction of the second thrust;

a first user input device moveable between a neutral position and a non-neutral detent position; and
a second user input device;
wherein when the second user input device is actuated while the first user input device is in the detent position, the control
circuit selects between doing one or more of the following so as to control the speed of the marine vessel:

varying a speed of a first engine of the first propulsion device and a second engine of the second propulsion device; and
varying one or more alternative operating conditions of the first and second propulsion devices.

US Pat. No. 9,114,455

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR AVOIDING EROSION IN A HIGH PRESSURE DIE CASTING SHOT SLEEVE FOR USE WITH LOW IRON ALUMINUM SILICON ALLOYS

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A shot sleeve for high pressure die casting of aluminum silicon alloys containing 0.40% max Fe, the shot sleeve comprising:
a top portion including a pouring hole;
and a bottom portion, the bottom portion including an impingement site on an inner surface of the bottom portion opposite
the pouring hole;

wherein the bottom portion is constructed of an erosion resistant material and the top portion is constructed entirely of
conventional tool steel;

wherein the erosion resistant material prevents erosion from the aluminum silicon alloys through insolubility in molten aluminum.

US Pat. No. 9,764,812

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR SETTING ENGINE SPEED USING A FEED FORWARD SIGNAL

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A method for setting an engine speed of an internal combustion engine in a marine propulsion system to an operator-selected
engine speed, wherein a feedback controller maintains the engine speed at the operator-selected engine speed, the method comprising:
predicting a position of a throttle valve of the engine that is needed to provide the operator-selected engine speed;
determining a feed forward signal that will move the throttle valve to the predicted position based on an external operating
condition of the marine propulsion system;

providing the feed forward signal to the throttle valve, bypassing the feedback controller, to move the throttle valve to
the predicted position;

after moving the throttle valve to the predicted position, controlling the engine speed with the feedback controller so as
to obtain the operator-selected engine speed; and

adapting the feed forward signal by iteratively adding or subtracting a fraction of an integral term output by the feedback
controller so as to more accurately predict the position of the throttle valve that is needed to provide the operator-selected
engine speed when the external operating condition is present.

US Pat. No. 9,441,724

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR MONITORING AND CONTROLLING A TRANSMISSION

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A method of monitoring and controlling a transmission in a marine propulsion device, the method comprising:
receiving a rotational input speed of an input shaft to the transmission;
receiving a rotational output speed of an output shaft of the transmission;
receiving a shift actuator position value of one or more shift actuators;
receiving an engine torque value;
calculating a speed differential based on the input speed and the output speed;
generating a slip profile based on a range of speed differentials at a range of engine torque values and a range of shift
actuator position values;

determining a wear condition based on the slip profile; and
generating an alert based on the wear condition.

US Pat. No. 9,290,252

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CONTROLLING TRIM POSITION OF A MARINE PROPULSION DEVICE ON A MARINE VESSEL

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A system for controlling trim position of a marine propulsion device on a marine vessel, the system comprising:
a trim actuator having a first end that is configured to couple to the marine propulsion device and a second end that is configured
to couple to the marine vessel, the trim actuator being movable between an extended position wherein the marine propulsion
device is trimmed up with respect to the marine vessel and a retracted position wherein the marine propulsion device is trimmed
down with respect to the marine vessel;

an electromagnet, wherein increasing an amount of voltage to the electromagnet increases the shear strength of a magnetic
fluid in the trim actuator thereby restricting movement of the trim actuator into and out of the extended and retracted positions
and wherein decreasing the amount of voltage to the electromagnet decreases the shear strength of the magnetic fluid thereby
facilitating easier movement of the trim actuator into and out of the extended and retracted positions;

a controller that is configured to adapt the amount of voltage to the electromagnet based upon at least one condition of the
system.

US Pat. No. 9,160,210

ROTARY ENCODERS FOR USE WITH TROLLING MOTORS

BRUNSWICK CORPORATION, L...

1. A rotary encoder for use with a trolling motor, comprising:
a housing defining an aperture and a linear guide;
an input sleeve to extend through the aperture, the input sleeve comprising an exterior groove, at least a portion of the
groove is non-perpendicular relative to a longitudinal axis of the input sleeve, the groove comprising a first end, a second
end, and a central portion, the first end is longitudinally spaced from the central portion and the second end is longitudinally
spaced from the central portion; and

a shuttle to be biased and movably positioned within the linear guide, the shuttle comprising a protrusion to engage and follow
the groove as the input sleeve is rotated relative to the housing to enable rotary position information to be obtained from
the input sleeve, wherein the protrusion is biased to re-engage the central portion if rotation of the input sleeve moves
the protrusion past the first end or the second end to prevent the rotary encoder from being damaged by over-rotation of the
input sleeve.

US Pat. No. 10,137,971

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR AUTOMATICALLY CONTROLLING ATTITUDE OF A MARINE VESSEL WITH TRIM DEVICES

Brunswick Corporation, M...

11. A method for automatically controlling a trim angle of a trimmable marine propulsion device with respect to a marine vessel, the method comprising:receiving a signal indicating a type of the propulsion device and thereafter retrieving a set of trim base profiles, as appropriate for the type of propulsion device, each base profile in the set of base profiles defining a unique relationship between a plurality of vessel speeds and respective trim angles of the propulsion device with respect to the marine vessel;
accepting a user selection of a base profile from the retrieved set of base profiles;
measuring a speed of the marine vessel;
with a controller, determining a setpoint trim angle that corresponds to the measured vessel speed according to the selected base profile; and
sending a control signal to position the propulsion device at the setpoint trim angle.

US Pat. No. 9,174,715

APPARATUSES FOR CHANGING GEAR IN MARINE PROPULSION SYSTEMS

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. An apparatus for changing gear in a marine propulsion system, the apparatus comprising:
a shift shaft that rotates about a first axis;
a cam that rotates about the first axis with the shift shaft, the cam having a body and an arm that radially extends from
the body with respect to the first axis;

an output shaft that rotates about a second axis that is perpendicular to the first axis;
a clutch that moves in a direction parallel to the second axis to enact a gear change in the marine propulsion system; and
a cam follower that moves parallel to the second axis to cause movement of the clutch, thereby enacting the gear change, the
cam follower defining a pocket that is elongated with respect to the second axis and a recess that extends from the pocket
along a third axis that is perpendicular to the first and second axes, wherein the recess is at least partially defined by
first and second dwell surfaces;

wherein the cam is disposed in the pocket and the arm extends into the recess; and
wherein during a constant rotation of the shift shaft in a first direction about the first axis, the cam follower moves with
respect to the second axis to enact the gear change and also dwells with respect to the second axis as the arm rotates past
the first and second dwell surfaces.

US Pat. No. 9,114,275

EXERCISE ASSEMBLIES HAVING CRANK MEMBERS WITH LIMITED ROTATION

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. An exercise assembly, the assembly comprising:
a frame;
a pair of elongated foot pedal members, each food pedal member having a front portion and a rear portion;
a pair of elongated coupler arms, each coupler arm having a lower portion and having an upper portion that is pivotally connected
to the frame;

a pair of crank members, each crank member having a first portion that is pivotally connected to the front portion of one
of the pair of foot pedal members and having a second portion that is pivotally connected to the lower portion of one of the
pair of coupler arms, such that each crank member is rotatable in a circular path;

a pair of elongated rocker arms, each rocker arm having a lower portion that is pivotally connected to one of the pair of
foot pedal members in between the foot pad and the crank member and having an upper portion that is pivotally connected to
the frame;

wherein the pair of foot pedal members are each movable along user-defined paths of different dimensions; and
a front cross-shaft, wherein the pair of crank members are operatively connected to the front cross-shaft such that movement
of each of the pair of crank members along the circular path causes rotation of the front cross-shaft;

wherein the pair of crank members are freely rotatable along the circular path in a first direction and restrained from rotation
along the circular path in a second, opposite direction.

US Pat. No. 9,731,804

DIRECTLY MOUNTED SHAFT ACTUATOR

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. An outboard marine engine comprising:
an internal combustion engine;
a propulsor that is driven into rotation by the internal combustion engine so as to effect a thrust;
a transmission that shifts amongst a forward gear wherein the thrust is a forward thrust, a reverse gear wherein the thrust
is a reverse thrust, and a neutral gear wherein the thrust is a zero thrust;

a shift rod that is rotatable about its own axis, wherein rotation of the shift rod about its own axis shifts the transmission
amongst the forward gear, the reverse gear, and the neutral gear;

an actuator operably connected to the internal combustion engine, wherein the actuator comprises a motor that rotates an output
shaft;

a first gearset connecting to the output shaft to a gear shaft such that rotation of the output shaft causes a gear shaft
to rotate about its own axis, the first gearset comprising a first gear fixed to the output shaft that meshes with a second
gear fixed to the gear shaft; and

a second gearset connecting the gear shaft to the shift rod such that the rotation of the gear shaft about its own axis causes
the rotation of the shift rod about its own axis, the second gearset comprising a third gear fixed to the gear shaft that
meshes with a fourth gear fixed to the shift rod.

US Pat. No. 9,534,526

APPARATUSES FOR COOLING EXHAUST COMPONENTS OF MARINE ENGINES

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A system for cooling exhaust components of a marine engine, the system comprising:
an exhaust manifold that conveys exhaust gas from the marine engine;
an exhaust conduit having a first end that receives the exhaust gas from the exhaust manifold and an opposite, second end
that discharges the exhaust gas;

a cooling water jacket on the exhaust conduit, wherein the cooling water jacket conveys cooling water along an outer surface
of the exhaust conduit to thereby cool the exhaust conduit and warm the cooling water, wherein the cooling water jacket has
first and second channels that are separate from each other; and

a pump that pumps cooling water into the first and second channels and along the outer surface in parallel from the second
end of the exhaust conduit to the first end of the exhaust conduit.

US Pat. No. 9,458,808

MARINE PROPULSION DEVICES AND FUEL INJECTION SYSTEMS FOR MARINE PROPULSION DEVICES

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A marine propulsion device comprising:
an internal combustion engine that has a piston-cylinder;
a fuel injector that injects fuel into the internal combustion engine;
a fuel rail that conveys the fuel to the fuel injector, the fuel rail having an upstream inlet end that receives the fuel
and a downstream outlet end that supplies the fuel to the fuel injector;

a fuel hose that has an upstream inlet end that receives the fuel from a fuel reservoir and a downstream outlet end that discharges
the fuel to the upstream inlet end of the fuel rail; and

a filter element that axially extends into at least one of the fuel rail and the fuel hose, wherein the filter element is
configured to filter particulate materials from the fuel.

US Pat. No. 9,278,740

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING ATTITUDE OF A MARINE VESSEL HAVING TRIM TABS

Brunswick Corporation, L...

17. A method for controlling a deployment of a first trim tab and a deployment of a second trim tab on a marine vessel, the
method comprising:
determining if a steering command is greater than a first predetermined threshold;
determining a direction of a turn requested by the steering command;
determining if one of the first and second trim tabs in the direction of the turn is more deployed than the other of the first
and second trim tabs; and automatically retracting the one of the first and second trim tabs in the direction of the turn
if the steering command is greater than the first predetermined threshold and the one of the first and second trim tabs in
the direction of the turn is more deployed than the other.

US Pat. No. 9,114,456

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR AVOIDING EROSION IN A HIGH PRESSURE DIE CASTING SHOT SLEEVE FOR USE WITH LOW IRON ALUMINUM SILICON ALLOYS

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. An erosion resistant insert for high pressure die casting of aluminum silicon alloys containing 0.40% max Fe, the erosion
resistant insert located at an impingement site of a high pressure die casting shot sleeve constructed of conventional tool
steel, the shot sleeve receiving a shot rod plunger at one end and leading to a mold cavity at the other end, the erosion
resistant insert constructed of an erosion resistant material comprising one of:
titanium, tungsten, molybdenum, ruthenium, tantalum, niobium, chromium, vanadium, zirconium, hafnium, rhenium, boron, or a
secondary, tertiary or quaternary alloy formed from combination thereof;

wherein the erosion resistant material prevents erosion from the aluminum silicon alloys through insolubility in molten aluminum;
the erosion resistant insert having a terminal end located proximate to the mold cavity, the terminal end having a thickness,
wherein the terminal end thickness abuts the conventional tool steel of the shot sleeve.

US Pat. No. 9,737,138

WORKSTATION APPARATUS AND METHOD WITH CONVERGING TREADMILLS

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A shared workstation, comprising:
a frame;
a first treadmill adjacent to the frame, the first treadmill having a first tread surface that extends along a first centerline;
a second treadmill adjacent to the frame, the second treadmill having a second tread surface that extends along a second centerline;
wherein the first and second centerlines are transversely oriented to each other at an angle; and
a shared work surface supported by the frame, wherein the shared work surface is located above the first and second treadmills
so that users walking on the first and second tread surfaces can share work with each other on the shared work surface;

wherein the first treadmill comprises a front and a rear and wherein the second treadmill comprises a front and a rear; and
wherein the fronts of the first and second treadmills are located adjacent to each other and wherein the rears of the first
and second treadmills are spaced apart from each other relative to the fronts of the first and second treadmills;

wherein the shared work surface extends horizontally with respect to the frame;
wherein the shared work surface comprises opposite sides that extend with respect to each other at the angle;
wherein the frame comprises a support column that extends upwardly with respect to the first and second treadmills, wherein
the support column is located closer to the fronts of the first and second treadmills than the backs of the first and second
treadmills and wherein the support column supports the shared work surface above the fronts of the first and second treadmills;
and

a second shared work surface supported by the frame, wherein the second shared work surface is located above the first and
second treadmills so that users walking on the first and second tread surfaces can share work with each other on the second
shared work surface.

US Pat. No. 9,598,163

SYSTEM AND METHOD OF STEERING A MARINE VESSEL HAVING AT LEAST TWO MARINE DRIVES

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A system for steering a marine vessel, the system comprising:
a first marine drive having a first engine control module and a second marine drive having a second engine control module,
where the first and second marine drives are connected by a mechanical link;

a first steer-by-wire steering actuator configured to rotate the first and second marine drives to steer the marine vessel;
and

a first actuator control module that controls the first steer-by-wire steering actuator;
wherein the first actuator control module activates the first steer-by-wire steering actuator if either the first marine drive
or the second marine drive is running.

US Pat. No. 9,234,457

MARINE ENGINES AND BALANCE SHAFT ARRANGEMENTS FOR MARINE ENGINES

Brunswick Corporation, L...

6. A marine engine, comprising:
a crankshaft that is supported for rotation about a crankshaft axis;
a drive gear that rotates with the crankshaft;
a balance shaft that is supported for rotation so as to balance secondary vibrational forces of the crankshaft;
a driven gear that causes rotation of the balance shaft;
wherein rotation of the drive gear causes rotation of the driven gear and wherein the driven gear is selectively radially
movable towards and away from the drive gear about an eccentric axis;

a cylinder that supports the driven gear, the cylinder comprising an outer circumferential surface and an inner circumferential
surface that is eccentrically aligned with respect to the outer circumferential surface, wherein rotation of the cylinder
in one direction moves the driven gear towards the drive gear and wherein rotation of the cylinder in an opposite direction
moves the driven gear away from the drive gear;

wherein the driven gear comprises a stub shaft that extends into the cylinder.

US Pat. No. 9,057,314

APPARATUSES FOR COOLING EXHAUST COMPONENTS OF MARINE ENGINES

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. An apparatus for cooling exhaust components of a marine engine, the apparatus comprising:
an elongated exhaust conduit comprising a first end receiving hot exhaust gas from the marine engine and a second end discharging
the exhaust gas; and

an elongated cooling water jacket on the exhaust conduit, wherein the cooling water jacket is configured to convey the raw
cooling water along an outer surface of the exhaust conduit to thereby cool the exhaust conduit and warm the raw cooling water
therein and to discharge the warmed cooling water to thereby cool the marine engine;

wherein the cooling water jacket defines first and second channels that are separate from each other;
wherein the cooling water jacket defines a chamber into which the first and second channels are configured to conduct cooling
water;

wherein the chamber is located at a junction between the exhaust conduit and an exhaust manifold; and
wherein the first and second channels each taper from a location that is closer to the first end of the exhaust conduit than
the second end of the exhaust conduit to a location that is closer to the second end of the exhaust conduit than the first
end of the exhaust conduit.

US Pat. No. 9,470,130

EXHAUST ARRANGEMENTS FOR MARINE PROPULSION DEVICES

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. An internal combustion engine for a marine propulsion device, the internal combustion engine comprising:
a piston-cylinder that discharges exhaust gases, a first engine casting that defines a first flow passage configured to receive
the exhaust gases from the piston-cylinder, and a second engine casting that defines a second flow passage configured to receive
the exhaust gases from the first flow passage and convey the exhaust gases to a catalyst;

wherein the second flow passage has an upstream first leg that is parallel to the first flow passage, and a downstream second
leg that is transversely oriented to the first leg;

wherein the first and second flow passages face each other at a planar mounting face between the first and second engine castings;
an inside corner between the first and second legs;
wherein the second flow passage has an inlet end that is configured to receive the exhaust gases from the first flow passage;
wherein the first flow passage has an outlet end that is configured to convey the exhaust gases to the inlet end of the second
flow passage;

wherein the outlet end of the first flow passage is sized smaller than the inlet end of the second flow passage so that the
exhaust gases are directed away from the inside corner as the exhaust gases travel from the outlet end of the first flow passage
to the inlet end of the second flow passage; and

wherein the first and second flow passages together form a smooth outside radius along which the exhaust gases travel, away
from the inside corner.

US Pat. No. 9,463,859

ADAPTER PLATE, HEAT SHIELD, AND METHOD FOR THERMALLY ISOLATING A MOUNT COUPLED TO AN ADAPTER PLATE

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. An outboard motor adapter plate for coupling a marine engine to a driveshaft housing, the adapter plate comprising:
an upper rim configured to be coupled to a lower surface of a cylinder block of the engine;
a lower rim configured to be coupled to an upper surface of a sump located in the driveshaft housing;
a wall defining a passageway having an inner perimetral surface, the inner perimetral surface extending from the upper rim
to the lower rim;

a mounting area configured for coupling a mount to the adapter plate; and
a shield that covers at least a portion of the inner perimetral surface adjacent the mounting area, so as to at least partially
thermally isolate the mount from heated fluid that drains from the cylinder block, through the passageway, and into the sump.

US Pat. No. 9,145,839

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CONTROLLING ACCELERATION OF A VEHICLE HAVING AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A method for controlling acceleration of a vehicle having an internal combustion engine, the method comprising:
determining, with an engine control circuit, a first demand limit based on a smoke limit of the engine;
determining, with the engine control circuit, a second demand limit based on a user-selected acceleration profile;
retrieving a previous demand limit from a memory;
determining, with the engine control circuit, a third demand limit by adding a predetermined step quantity to the previous
demand limit;

outputting the lesser of the first demand limit, the second demand limit, and the third demand limit as a subsequent demand
limit; and

controlling the engine with the engine control circuit to achieve the subsequent demand limit such that the vehicle accelerates
from a speed associated with the previous demand limit to a speed associated with the subsequent demand limit.

US Pat. No. 9,943,718

METHODS AND APPARATUS TO POWER AN EXERCISE MACHINE

BRUNSWICK CORPORATION, L...

1. An apparatus for use with an exercise machine, the apparatus comprising:a power receiver to measure a power output by a generator that is to convert movement of a moveable part into electric power, the power receiver to calculate a rotations per minute of the moveable part;
a mode controller to calculate a power supply duty cycle based on the power output by the generator, the rotations per minute of the moveable part, and a user selected wattage; and
a power output controller to control power provided to a console of the exercise machine based on the power supply duty cycle.

US Pat. No. 9,771,137

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR CONTROLLING STEERING LOADS ON A MARINE PROPULSION SYSTEM

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A method of controlling steering loads on a marine propulsion system of a marine vessel having at least two sets of marine
drives, each set having at least an inner marine drive and an outer marine drive, and a steer-by-wire steering actuator associated
with each set of marine drives, the method comprising:
determining a maximum required actuator pressure on each steer-by-wire steering actuator;
determining a pressure reduction amount based on the maximum required actuator pressure;
determining a link toe angle based on the pressure reduction amount; and
adjusting a mechanical link connecting each inner marine drive to the respective outer marine drive to achieve the link toe
angle.

US Pat. No. 9,511,692

ADJUSTABLE BOAT SEAT HANDLES

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. An apparatus comprising:
an elongated lever having a first end and a second end opposite the first end, the first end having a hand grip and the second
end having a first flange extending away from the first end, the first flange having a first bore extending through the first
flange;

a rocker arm having a third end and a fourth end opposite the third end, the third end having a second flange extending away
from the third end, a second bore extending through the second flange; and

a pin extending through the first and second bores rotatably coupling the first and second flanges, wherein rotation of the
lever in a first direction relative to the rocker arm causes the lever to rotate the rocker arm to enable adjustment of a
seat and rotation of the lever in a second direction opposite the first direction causes the lever to fold relative to the
rocker arm to be in a stowed position under the seat.

US Pat. No. 9,446,828

MARINE VESSELS AND APPARATUSES FOR MOUNTING MARINE DRIVES ON MARINE VESSELS

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. An apparatus for mounting a marine drive to a hull of a marine vessel, the apparatus comprising:
an outer clamping plate that is configured to face an outside surface of the hull and an inner clamping plate that is configured
to face an opposing inside surface of the hull;

a marine drive housing that is configured to extend through the hull and be held in place with respect to the hull by at least
one vibration dampening sealing member that is disposed between the inner and outer clamping plates;

a first connector that is configured to clamp the outer clamping plate to the outside surface of the hull and a second connector
that clamps the inner clamping plate to the outer clamping plate;

wherein the inner and outer clamping plates are held at a fixed distance from each other so that a consistent compression
force is applied to the vibration dampening member by the first and second clamping plates; and

a spacer disposed on the second connector between the inner and outer clamping plates, the spacer maintaining the inner and
outer clamping plates at the fixed distance from each other so that the consistent compression force is applied to the vibration
dampening member.

US Pat. No. 9,283,425

EXERCISE ASSEMBLIES HAVING FOOT PEDAL MEMBERS THAT ARE MOVABLE ALONG USER DEFINED PATHS

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. An exercise assembly comprising:
a frame;
a first pedal member that has a first portion and a second portion;
a second pedal member that has a first portion and a second portion;
a first coupler arm that has a first portion and a second portion, wherein the second portion of the first coupler arm is
pivotally coupled to the frame;

a second coupler arm that has a first portion and a second portion, wherein the second portion Of the second coupler arm is
pivotally coupled to the frame;

a first crank member that has a first portion that is pivotally coupled to the first portion of the first pedal member and
a second portion that is pivotally coupled to the first portion of the first coupler arm; and

a second crank member that has a first portion that is pivotally coupled to the first portion of the second pedal member and
a second portion that is pivotally coupled to the first portion of the second coupler arm;

wherein the first crank member is rotatable in a circular path entirely around the first portion of the first coupler arm
as the first coupler arm pivots back and forth with respect to the frame and wherein the second crank member is rotatable
in a circular path entirely around the first portion of the second coupler arm as the second coupler arm pivots back and forth
with respect to the frame, such that the first and second pedal members are each movable along user defined paths of differing
dimensions.

US Pat. No. 9,132,903

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR LATERALLY MANEUVERING MARINE VESSELS

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A system for maneuvering a marine vessel that extends along a longitudinal axis from a bow to a stern, the system comprising:
a plurality of steerable propulsion devices that each generate forward and reverse thrusts that propel the marine vessel,
the plurality of steerable propulsion devices composing a port propulsion device, a starboard propulsion device and an intermediate
propulsion device located between the port and starboard propulsion devices;

a control circuit that controls steering orientation, magnitude of thrust, and direction of thrust of each propulsion device
in the plurality; and

an input device that inputs to the control circuit an operator's request for lateral movement of the marine vessel with respect
to the longitudinal axis;

wherein the control circuit controls the plurality of propulsion devices to achieve the transverse movement by
controlling the steering orientation of the port and starboard propulsion devices so that thrusts provided by the port and
starboard propulsion devices extend along axes that intersect at or forwardly of a center of turn of the marine vessel,

operating one of the port and starboard propulsion devices to provide a forward thrust and operating the other of the port
and starboard propulsion devices to provide a reverse thrust so that the lateral movement is achieved and a resultant yaw
component is applied on the marine vessel during the lateral movement, and

operating the intermediate propulsion device to apply an opposing yaw component on the marine vessel that counteracts the
resultant yaw component applied on the marine vessel by the port and starboard propulsion devices.

US Pat. No. 9,126,664

HIDDEN OUTBOARD ENGINE ENCLOSURES

Brunswick Corporation, F...

7. A watercraft, comprising:
a bow, a stern, a hull, a transom, and a deck;
said transom located at said stern of said watercraft and said deck extending forward from said transom;
one or more cavities disposed through said deck adjacent to said transom wherein said cavities are each configured to receive
an outboard motor having a motor cover;

a secondary enclosure disposed over each of said one or more cavities, providing a means to hide and enclose said outboard
motor and motor cover; and

the interior of said enclosure comprises a glossy surface to prevent moisture accumulation inside said enclosure.

US Pat. No. 9,103,287

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR REDUNDANT DRIVE-BY-WIRE CONTROL OF MARINE ENGINES

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A drive-by-wire control system for a marine engine, the control system comprising:
an input device that is manually positionable to provide operator inputs to an engine control unit (ECU) located with the
marine engine, the ECU having a main processor that receives the inputs and controls speed of the marine engine based upon
the inputs and a watchdog processor that receives the inputs and monitors operations of the main processor based upon the
inputs;

a communication link by which the operations of the main processor and watchdog processor are communicated to each other;
and

a sampling link that is separate and distinct from the communication link, and via which the main processor commands the watchdog
processor to sample the inputs from the input device at the same time as the main processor;

wherein the main processor periodically compares samples of the inputs that are simultaneously taken by the main processor
and watchdog processor and limits the speed of the engine when the samples differ from each other by more than a predetermined
amount.

US Pat. No. 9,944,376

ACTIVELY TUNABLE EXHAUST SYSTEMS FOR OUTBOARD MARINE ENGINES

Brunswick Corporation, M...

1. An exhaust system for an outboard marine engine, wherein the outboard marine engine has an internal combustion engine and is configured to propel a marine vessel in a body of water, the exhaust system comprising:a primary exhaust conduit having an upstream end configured to receive exhaust gas from the internal combustion engine and a downstream end configured to discharge the exhaust gas to the body of water via a gearcase cavity of the outboard marine engine;
an intermediate exhaust conduit coupled to the primary exhaust conduit between the upstream end and the downstream end, wherein the intermediate exhaust conduit is configured to receive the exhaust gas from the primary exhaust conduit;
an idle relief outlet configured to discharge the exhaust gas to atmosphere, wherein the idle relief outlet is configured to be located above the body of water at least when the outboard marine engine is operated at an idle speed;
a secondary exhaust conduit having an upstream end configured to receive the exhaust gas from the gearcase cavity and a downstream end configured to discharge the exhaust gas to the idle relief outlet; and
a bypass valve that is positionable into an open position wherein the exhaust gas is permitted to flow to atmosphere via the intermediate exhaust conduit and into a closed position wherein the exhaust gas is not permitted to flow to atmosphere via the intermediate exhaust conduit.

US Pat. No. 9,802,688

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MOUNTING A PROPULSION DEVICE WITH RESPECT TO A MARINE VESSEL

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A system for supporting a propulsion device with respect to a marine vessel, the system comprising:
an elastic mount configured to support the propulsion device with respect to the marine vessel, wherein the elastic mount
contains an electromagnetic fluid;

an electromagnet configured so that increasing an amount of electricity applied to the electromagnet increases the shear strength
of the electromagnetic fluid in the elastic mount and thereby decreases elasticity of the elastic mount, and further configured
so that decreasing the amount of electricity applied to the electromagnet decreases the shear strength of the electromagnetic
fluid in the elastic mount and thereby increases the elasticity of the elastic mount; and

a controller configured to automatically adapt the amount of electricity applied to the electromagnet during translation of
the marine vessel so as to reduce a likelihood that the propulsion device impacts an adjacent structure on the marine vessel
as a result of motion of the propulsion device caused by environmental forces including wind and waves.

US Pat. No. 9,738,367

STERN DRIVES AND WATER LIFT EXHAUST SYSTEMS FOR STERN DRIVES

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A stern drive for propelling a marine vessel in water, the stern drive configured to power a propulsor located below a
surface of the water, the stern drive comprising:
an internal combustion engine that powers a driveshaft that is configured to axially extend through a transom of the marine
vessel;

an exhaust manifold that is configured to convey exhaust gas away from the internal combustion engine; and
an elongated exhaust conduit that redirects the exhaust gas from the exhaust manifold transversely with respect to the driveshaft;
wherein the elongated exhaust conduit conveys the exhaust gas to an upstream exhaust outlet that is configured to discharge
the exhaust gas through the transom below the surface of the water and then to a downstream exhaust outlet that is spaced
apart from and located vertically higher than the upstream exhaust outlet, such that the elongated exhaust conduit retains
water so as to function as a muffler during operation of the stern drive.

US Pat. No. 9,598,160

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR AUTOMATICALLY CONTROLLING ATTITUDE OF A MARINE VESSEL WITH TRIM DEVICES

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A method for controlling a trim device that positions a trimmable marine apparatus with respect to a marine vessel having
a propulsion system powered by an engine, the method comprising:
operating a trim system in one of an automatic mode, in which a controller sends signals to actuate the trim device automatically
as a function of one of a speed of the vessel and a speed of the engine, and a manual mode, in which the controller sends
signals to actuate the trim device in response to commands from an operator input device;

determining an operating speed of the propulsion system; and
in response to a determination by the controller that the operating speed has crossed a given operating speed threshold, subsequently
operating the trim system in one of the automatic and manual modes depending on:

whether the operating speed increased or decreased as it crossed the operating speed threshold; and
whether the trim system was operating in the automatic or manual mode as the operating speed crossed the operating speed threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,327,626

ADJUSTABLE BOAT SEAT HANDLES

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. An apparatus comprising:
an elongated lever having a first end and a second end opposite the first end, the first end having a hand grip and the second
end having a first flange extending away from the first end, the first flange having a first bore extending through the first
flange;

a rocker arm having a third end and a fourth end opposite the third end, the third end having a second flange extending away
from the third end, a second bore extending through the second flange; and

a pin extending through the first and second bores rotatably coupling the first and second flanges, wherein rotation of the
lever in a first direction relative to the rocker arm causes the lever to rotate the rocker arm to enable adjustment of a
seat and rotation of the lever in a second direction opposite the first direction causes the lever to fold relative to the
rocker arm to be in a stowed position under the seat.

US Pat. No. 9,168,979

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CORROSION PROTECTION ON MARINE DRIVES

Brunswick Corporation, L...

8. A corrosion protection system, the system comprising:
a marine drive for propelling a marine vessel in saltwater, the marine drive comprising a generally planar outer running surface
and a collection area located proximate to the outer running surface;

a source of electricity; and
an electrode that conducts the electricity to the saltwater such that the electricity inhibits corrosion on the outer running
surface with a byproduct of chlorine gas bubbles;

wherein the electrode is mounted on the marine drive and protrudes out from and at an angle to the outer running surface so
as to inhibit flow of the chlorine gas bubbles towards the collection area at least when the marine vessel is stationary;
and

wherein the collection area comprises a cooling water inlet for the marine drive.

US Pat. No. 9,079,534

MARINE MODULAR TRACK AND CAM STORAGE SYSTEM AND RELATED ACCESSORIES

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A modular storage and track system or marine vessels, comprising:
a track extrusion having an elongated body and a C-shaped cross section defining a c-channel, said track system for receiving
modular storage accessories;

a cam latch assembly comprising a latch, a bolt, and a cam, said bolt disposed between and connecting said latch and said
cam;

said cam substantially rectangular in shape having at least two rounded opposing corners;
said cam of said cam latch assembly being configured to be horizontally received in said c-channel of said track extrusion
and rotated within said c-channel such that said cam is slideably engaged with said track extrusion;

said latch being pivotably mounted to said bolt and said bolt is received in a central bore of said cam;
wherein rotation of said latch causes rotation of said cam; and
said cam being locked within said c-channel by flipping said latch downward about said bolt.

US Pat. No. 9,840,955

EXHAUST SYSTEMS AND METHODS OF ASSEMBLING EXHAUST SYSTEMS FOR MARINE PROPULSION DEVICES

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. An exhaust system for a marine propulsion device having an internal combustion engine, the exhaust system comprising:
a catalyst housing having a housing inlet end that receives an exhaust gas flow from the internal combustion engine into the
catalyst housing and an opposite, housing outlet end that discharges the exhaust gas flow;

a catalyst disposed in the catalyst housing, the catalyst having a catalyst inlet end that receives the exhaust gas flow and
an opposite, catalyst outlet end that discharges the exhaust gas flow;

a catalyst mantel on an outer periphery of the catalyst, wherein the catalyst mantel has an mantel inlet end and an opposite,
mantel outlet end;

a radial flange on at least one of the mantel outlet end and mantel inlet end;
a connector that mates with an inner diameter of the catalyst housing;
wherein the radial flange of the catalyst mantel is axially sandwiched between the connector and a radially inner shoulder
of the catalyst housing.

US Pat. No. 9,694,892

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR TRIMMING TRIMMABLE MARINE DEVICES WITH RESPECT TO A MARINE VESSEL

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A method configured for controlling a trim system on a marine vessel, the method comprising:
receiving an actual trim position of a trimmable marine device at a controller;
determining a magnitude of a trim position error by comparing the actual trim position to a target trim position with the
controller;

determining a magnitude of an acceleration rate of the marine vessel;
calculating a specified activation time of a trim actuator coupled to and rotating the marine device with respect to the marine
vessel, wherein the controller calculates the specified activation time using inputs of the magnitude of the trim position
error and the magnitude of the acceleration rate;

sending a control signal with the controller to activate the trim actuator to rotate the marine device toward the target trim
position; and

discontinuing the control signal in response to expiration of the specified activation time so as to deactivate the trim actuator.

US Pat. No. 9,556,806

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CONTROLLING A ROTATIONAL SPEED OF A MARINE INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A system for controlling a rotational speed of an internal combustion engine of a marine propulsion device coupled to a
marine vessel, the system comprising:
a first operator input device for controlling the engine speed in a trolling mode, such that the engine operates at a first
operator-selected engine speed and propels the marine vessel at a first non-zero speed;

a second operator input device for controlling the engine speed in a non-trolling mode, such that the engine operates at a
second operator-selected engine speed and propels the marine vessel at a second non-zero speed; and

a controller in signal communication with the first operator input device, the second operator input device, and the engine;
wherein, in response to an operator request to transition from the trolling mode to the non-trolling mode, the controller
determines whether to allow the transition based on a comparison of the second operator-selected engine speed with a current,
measured engine speed and thereafter operates the marine propulsion device in the trolling mode or the non-trolling mode,
as appropriate, based on the determination;

wherein the controller allows the transition from the trolling mode to the non-trolling mode if the second operator-selected
engine speed is greater than the current engine speed and if the controller receives an input from the second operator input
device that exceeds a predetermined threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,555,869

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR SETTING ENGINE SPEED IN A MARINE PROPULSION DEVICE

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A method for setting an engine speed of an internal combustion engine in a marine propulsion device of a marine propulsion
system to an engine speed setpoint, the method comprising:
determining the engine speed setpoint based on an operator demand;
predicting a position of a throttle valve of the engine that is needed to achieve the engine speed setpoint;
determining a feed forward signal that will move the throttle valve to the predicted position;
after moving the throttle valve to the predicted position, adjusting the engine speed with a feedback controller so as to
obtain the engine speed setpoint; and

determining an operating state of the marine propulsion system, wherein depending on the operating state, the method further
comprises:

determining limits on an authority of the feedback controller to adjust the engine speed, wherein the authority limits comprise
at least one of maximum and minimum proportional term limits and maximum and minimum integral term limits; and

determining whether the operator demand should be modified prior to determining the engine speed setpoint when the operating
state is a joysticking mode or a throttle-only mode.

US Pat. No. 9,493,220

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CONTROLLING SHIFT IN MARINE PROPULSION DEVICES

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A shift control system for a marine propulsion device, the system comprising:
a control lever;
a shift linkage operably connected with the control lever so as to cause a shift change in the marine propulsion device upon
movement of the control lever;

a shift sensor outputting a position signal representing a current position of the shift linkage; and
a control circuit that is programmed to identify an impending shift change when the position signal reaches a first threshold
and an actual shift change when the position signal reaches a second threshold;

wherein the control circuit is programmed to enact a shift interrupt control strategy that facilitates the shift change when
the position signal reaches the first threshold; and

wherein the control circuit is programmed to actively modify the first threshold as a change in operation of the marine propulsion
device occurs.

US Pat. No. 9,481,434

MIDSECTION HOUSING FOR AN OUTBOARD MOTOR WITH WATER-COOLED MOUNTS

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A midsection housing for an outboard motor, the midsection housing comprising:
a driveshaft housing having an oil sump provided therein;
an adapter plate coupled to a top of the driveshaft housing, the adapter plate having an inner surface along which oil from
an engine mounted on the adapter plate drains into the oil sump;

first and second pockets formed in an outer surface of the adapter plate on first and second generally opposite sides thereof,
wherein each of the first and second pockets is defined by a respective inwardly concave arc in the outer surface of the adapter
plate and the first and second pockets are configured to receive first and second mounts therein; and

a water jacket formed between the inner and outer surfaces of the adapter plate;
wherein the water jacket extends upwardly at least partway between oil-wetted portions of the inner surface of the adapter
plate and each of the first and second pockets, respectively; and

wherein the water jacket extends upwardly along at least 25% of an arc length of each respective arc of each of the first
and second pockets.

US Pat. No. 9,193,429

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR INDICATING OIL LEVEL IN OUTBOARD MOTORS

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A system for indicating oil level in an outboard motor to an operator, the system comprising: an outboard motor having
a cowl that encloses an internal combustion engine that drains oil to a sump; wherein the sump comprises a bottom and sidewalls
that define an interior that contains oil; a sensor on one of the sidewalls of the sump, wherein the sensor senses oil level
in the sump; an input device on an outer surface of the cowl; and an indicator on the outer surface of the cowl; wherein actuation
of the input device causes the sensor to determine the oil level in the sump, and the indicator to indicate the oil level
to an operator.

US Pat. No. 10,053,200

UNIVERSAL PROPULSION SYSTEMS FOR SMALL BOATS

Brunswick Corporation, M...

1. A universal boat propulsion system for a boat defined in a length direction, a width direction, and a depth direction, the system comprising:a support assembly configured to span the boat in the width direction, the support assembly comprising:
a spanning portion configured to traverse the boat in the width direction; and
a pair of brackets coupled to respective opposite ends of the spanning portion;
wherein each bracket in the pair of brackets extends in the depth direction and is configured to be positioned only on an outwardly facing surface of a respective outer lateral side of the boat;
a clamping assembly configured to secure the support assembly on the boat;
a pair of shafts coupled to respective opposite ends of the support assembly, each shaft in the pair of shafts extending in the depth direction;
a pair of propulsion devices configured to produce thrust to propel the boat, each propulsion device in the pair of propulsion devices being supported by a respective one of the shafts; and
a user input device configured to control operation of the pair of propulsion devices.

US Pat. No. 9,994,294

OUTBOARD MARINE ENGINES HAVING VERTICAL CAMSHAFT ARRANGEMENTS

Brunswick Corporation, M...

1. An outboard marine engine comprising:a vertically-aligned bank of piston-cylinders;
an elongated camshaft that operates a plurality of valves for controlling flow of air with respect to the vertically-aligned bank of piston-cylinders, the camshaft extending between a lower camshaft end and an upper camshaft end;
a lubricant passage that conveys lubricant through the camshaft;
an air outlet located at the upper camshaft end; and
a valve that opens and closes the air outlet to thereby facilitate lubrication of the plurality of valves at startup of the outboard marine engine.

US Pat. No. 9,789,945

ANGULARLY ADJUSTABLE TILLERS FOR OUTBOARD MOTORS

Brunswick Corporation, L...

10. A tiller for an outboard motor, the tiller comprising a tiller chassis; a base bracket configured to be rotationally fixed
with respect to the outboard motor; a chassis bracket that couples the base bracket to the tiller chassis; and a locking arrangement
that is movable into and between a locked position wherein the chassis bracket is rotationally fixed to the base bracket,
and an unlocked position wherein the chassis bracket is freely rotatable with respect to the base bracket about a vertical
axis when the tiller is in a horizontal position;
wherein the male portion comprises a spring-loaded pin and the female portion comprises a plurality of holes that are configured
to receive the spring-loaded pin.

US Pat. No. 9,555,274

SEAT ADJUSTMENT DEVICES AND EXERCISE APPARATUSES HAVING SEAT ADJUSTMENT DEVICES

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. An exercise apparatus comprising:
a frame;
a seat that is supported by the frame, wherein a user sits on the seat to perform an exercise activity;
a body support member that is supported by the frame, wherein the seat extends at a seat angle relative to the body support
member, and wherein the user abuts the body support member when the user is sitting on the seat to perform the exercise activity;
and

a seat adjustment device that facilitates adjustment of the height of the seat with respect to the frame and causes adjustment
of the seat angle when the height of the seat is adjusted;

wherein a back side of the user abuts the body support member when the user is sitting on the seat to perform the exercise
activity, and wherein the seat adjustment device is configured such that raising the height of the seat with respect to the
frame while the body support member remains stationary causes the seat adjustment device to increase the seat angle and such
that lowering the height of the seat with respect to the frame while the body support member remains stationary causes the
seat adjustment device to decrease the seat angle;

wherein the apparatus comprises at least one articulatable press arm and wherein the exercise activity is a press exercise.

US Pat. No. 9,551,264

EXHAUST ARRANGEMENTS FOR MARINE PROPULSION DEVICES

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A marine propulsion device comprising:
an internal combustion engine that discharges exhaust gases, the internal combustion engine comprising first and second engine
castings;

a first exhaust flow passage in the first casting and a second exhaust flow passage in the second casting;
wherein the second flow passage has an upstream first leg that is parallel to the first flow passage, and a downstream second
leg that is transversely oriented to the first leg;

a catalyst disposed in the second exhaust flow passage and configured to treat the exhaust gases; and
a flow control element between the upstream first leg and downstream second leg, the flow control element forming a smooth
transition that is devoid of edges such that the exhaust gases flow across and are dispersed by the flow control element before
being treated by the catalyst;

wherein the engine comprises a crankcase, a cylinder block, and a cylinder head;
a driveshaft housing that is located vertically below the engine;
wherein the cylinder block has at least one piston-cylinder and wherein the cylinder head has at least one exhaust outlet
that is configured to discharge the exhaust gases from the piston-cylinder;

wherein the first exhaust flow passage is formed in the cylinder head and wherein the second exhaust flow passage is formed
by the crankcase and the driveshaft housing; and

wherein the flow control element comprises an extension having a first planar surface that abuts the second casting, a second
planar surface that is parallel to the first planar surface and that faces the first exhaust flow passage, and a curved outer
transition surface that connects the first and second planar surfaces, the curved outer transition surface being devoid of
edges.

US Pat. No. 9,114,865

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR OPERATOR CONTROL OF MOVEMENTS OF MARINE VESSELS

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A system for operator control of a marine vessel, the system comprising:
a base;
a handle that is pivotable with respect to the base;
a first accelerometer coupled to the handle, the first accelerometer having an output that indicates an amount of an acceleration
of the handle and a direction of movement of the handle;

a second accelerometer coupled to the base, the second accelerometer having an output that indicates an amount of acceleration
of the base and a direction of movement of the base; and

a control circuit that compares the outputs of the first accelerometer and the second accelerometer to calculate an amount
of movement of the handle with respect to the base and a direction of movement of the handle with respect to the base.

US Pat. No. 9,051,041

MARINE PROPULSION SYSTEMS HAVING EXHAUST GAS RELIEF OUTLET

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A marine propulsion system for propelling a marine vessel in water, the system comprising:
an outboard motor coupled to a marine vessel, the outboard motor comprising an exhaust gas relief outlet and a primary exhaust
gas outlet that is located lower than the exhaust gas relief outlet on the outboard motor and that discharges exhaust gas
to the water; and

a conduit that conveys exhaust gas from the exhaust gas relief outlet to a discharge outlet located above the water on the
marine vessel when the outboard motor is operated at idle speed so as to discharge exhaust gas to atmosphere when the outboard
motor is operated at idle speed;

wherein the conduit is sloped along the entire length so that water does not stagnate therein; and
wherein the conduit extends through the marine vessel at a location that is higher than the exhaust gas relief outlet and
higher than the discharge outlet.

US Pat. No. 10,054,956

MARINE PROPULSION SYSTEM AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING THE SAME FOR MITIGATING CHINE WALK

Brunswick Corporation, M...

1. A method of controlling a marine propulsion system comprises:receiving a roll position measurement signal from a roll sensor measuring roll position of a marine vessel;
receiving a steering input;
determining based on the roll position measurement signal and the steering input that the roll position of the marine vessel exceeds a port threshold in a port roll direction where no corresponding steering input is present;
determining based on the roll position measurement signal and the steering input that that the roll position of the marine vessel exceeds a starboard threshold in a starboard roll direction where no corresponding steering input is present;
determining that the roll position exceeds both the port threshold and the starboard threshold within a period indicating chine walk;
determining a steering compensation based on the roll position measurement signal; and
controlling an actuator to effectuate the steering compensation to reduce a magnitude of the chine walk by alternately moving a propulsion device in both a starboard steering direction and a port steering direction.

US Pat. No. 9,944,375

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CONTROLLING TRIM POSITION OF A MARINE PROPULSION DEVICE ON A MARINE VESSEL

Brunswick Corporation, M...

1. A system for controlling trim position of a marine propulsion device on a marine vessel, the system comprising:a trim actuator having a first end that is configured to couple to the marine propulsion device and a second end that is configured to couple to the marine vessel, the trim actuator being movable between an extended position wherein the marine propulsion device is trimmed up with respect to the marine vessel and a retracted position wherein the marine propulsion device is trimmed down with respect to the marine vessel;
a controller that controls position of the trim actuator between the extended position and the retracted position;
a shock relief mechanism that overrides position control by the controller and allows extension of the trim actuator upon an occurrence of an overpressure event; and
an arresting mechanism that when activated acts on a component of the trim actuator to prevent extension of the trim actuator beyond a certain limit;
wherein the controller selectively activates the arresting mechanism in response to a determination that the marine propulsion device is being commanded in reverse.

US Pat. No. 9,919,783

TRANSMISSION HOUSING FOR MOUNTING A TRANSMISSION BETWEEN A DRIVESHAFT HOUSING AND A LOWER GEARCASE IN AN OUTBOARD MOTOR

Brunswick Corporation, M...

1. An outboard motor comprising:
an upper cowling that covers an internal combustion engine;
a driveshaft housing located below the upper cowling, wherein the driveshaft housing covers a driveshaft that is rotated by
the internal combustion engine;

a transmission housing located below the driveshaft housing, wherein the transmission housing covers a transmission that is
operably connected to the driveshaft; and

a lower gearcase located below the transmission housing, wherein the lower gearcase covers a set of angle gears that operably
connect the transmission to a propulsor for imparting a propulsive force in a body of water;

wherein the driveshaft vertically extends along a driveshaft axis and wherein the set of angle gears are connected to a propulsor
shaft that horizontally extends along a propulsor shaft axis, wherein the driveshaft axis is perpendicular to the propulsor
shaft axis.

US Pat. No. 9,896,174

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING TRIM POSITION OF PROPULSION DEVICE ON A MARINE VESSEL

Brunswick Corporation, M...

1. A method of controlling trim position of a propulsion device on a marine vessel, the method comprising:
receiving a running trim position for the propulsion device;
receiving at least one of a steering input value or a roll angle of the marine vessel;
determining a magnitude of the steering input value or a magnitude of the roll angle of the marine vessel;
determining an adjusted trim position based on the magnitude of the steering input value or the magnitude of the roll angle
of the marine vessel such that the adjusted trim position is determined when the steering input value is greater than a threshold
steering input or the magnitude of the roll angle is greater than a threshold roll angle; and

operating a trim actuator based on the adjusted trim position to decrease the trim angle of the propulsion device below the
running trim position while the marine vessel is turning.

US Pat. No. 9,580,947

COWLS AND LATCHING ASSEMBLIES FOR COWLS ON OUTBOARD MARINE PROPULSION DEVICES

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A cowl for an outboard marine propulsion device, the cowl comprising:
a first cowl portion;
a second cowl portion that mates with the first cowl portion;
a service door on the second cowl portion, wherein the service door is positionable in an open position and in a closed position;
and

a carrying handle on the second cowl portion, wherein the carrying handle is accessible when the service door is in the open
position and inaccessible when the service door is in the closed position.

US Pat. No. 9,533,747

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CONTROLLING BATTERY PERFORMANCE IN HYBRID MARINE PROPULSION SYSTEMS

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A hybrid marine propulsion system comprising:
a marine propulsor that propels a marine vessel;
an internal combustion engine that selectively powers the marine propulsor;
an electric motor that selectively powers the marine propulsor;
a plurality of batteries that discharge current to power the electric motor;
a controller that operates the system in a plurality of modes including at least a charge mode in which output of the internal
combustion engine is used to generate current to charge the plurality of batteries; and

a contactor for each battery in the plurality of batteries, wherein each contactor independently disconnects a respective
battery in the plurality of batteries from the electric motor in a manner that discontinues charging of that respective battery
by the electric motor when during charge mode more than a limited amount of current is received by that respective battery;

wherein the controller calculates a cumulative charge limit for the plurality of batteries equal to an aggregate of said limited
amounts of current of the plurality of batteries, and then controls operation of the system in charge mode so as not to exceed
the cumulative charge limit, thereby preventing disconnection of any of the batteries in the plurality of batteries.

US Pat. No. 10,000,268

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CONTROLLING A MARINE VESSEL HAVING A JOYSTICK WITH ADJUSTABLE DISPLAY

Brunswick Corporation, M...

1. A joystick device for controlling propulsion and steering of a marine vessel, the joystick device comprising:a handle configured to be movable by an operator to provide propulsion and steering control commands for a marine vessel;
a housing at a base of the handle such that the handle extends out of the housing;
an adjustable display on the joystick device, wherein the adjustable display includes at least one of an upper display on a top portion of the handle or a lower display on the housing that extends around a base of the handle; and
a control unit configured to modify the adjustable display based on movement of the handle by the operator.

US Pat. No. 9,896,178

METHODS AND SYSTEMS OF CONTROLLING ENGINE RPM

Brunswick Corporation, M...

14. A marine propulsion system comprising:
an engine that effectuates rotation of a propulsor in order to generate a thrust on a marine vessel;
a gear system between the engine and the propulsor that shifts amongst a forward gear position that generates a forward thrust,
a reverse gear position that generates a reverse thrust, and a neutral position;

a control module that controls the engine based on an engine RPM setpoint, wherein the control module:
determines that a coolant temperature is below a temperature threshold or that a battery voltage is below a voltage threshold;
increases the coolant temperature or the battery voltage by increasing an engine RPM setpoint by a compensation RPM amount
while the engine remains in an idle state;

detects a shift instruction to transition the gear system from the reverse gear position to the neutral position or from the
forward gear position to the neutral position; and

reduces the engine RPM setpoint by a shift RPM reduction amount during transition of the gear system.

US Pat. No. 9,650,699

NICKEL CONTAINING HYPEREUTECTIC ALUMINUM-SILICON SAND CAST ALLOYS

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A hypereutectic aluminum silicon die cast alloy consisting essentially of 18-20% by weight silicon, 3-6% by weight nickel,
0.3-1.0% by weight magnesium, 0.03-0.20% by weight strontium, and the balance aluminum wherein the alloy is substantially
free of iron, copper and manganese.

US Pat. No. 9,616,987

MARINE ENGINES AND EXHAUST SYSTEMS FOR MARINE ENGINES

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A marine engine comprising:
a cylinder block comprising first and second banks of cylinders that are disposed along a longitudinal axis and extend transversely
with respect to each other in a V-shape so as to define a valley; and

an exhaust manifold that conveys exhaust gases from the marine engine;
wherein the exhaust manifold comprises a first port that receives the exhaust gases from the first bank of cylinders, a second
port that receives exhaust gases from the second bank of cylinders, and a conduit that conveys the exhaust gases from the
first and second ports;

wherein the first and second ports are inwardly oriented towards the valley and the exhaust manifold extends longitudinally
out from the valley and then back into the valley.

US Pat. No. 9,527,131

CONGRUENT MELTING SALT ALLOYS FOR USE AS SALT CORES IN HIGH PRESSURE DIE CASTING

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A method of high pressure die casting a complex object, comprising the steps of: obtaining a congruently melting salt alloy;
casting the congruently melting salt alloy into a desired shape, said shape comprising a salt core; placing the congruently
melting salt alloy salt core into a high pressure die casting mold for the complex object; introducing a molten metal alloy
into the mold, cooling the molten metal alloy, removing the cast complex object from the high pressure die casting mold; and
removing the salt core from the complex cast object, wherein the step of obtaining a congruently melting salt alloy further
comprises selecting one of the following congruently melting salt alloys: KBr—KCl at 0.30 to 0.40 mole fraction KCl; KBr—KI
at 0.62 to 0.72 mole fraction KI; KBr—NaBr at 0.44 to 0.54 mole fraction NaBr; KBr—RbBr at 0.70 to 0.80 mole fraction RbBr;
CaCl2—SrCl2 at 0.37 to 0.47 mole fraction SrCl2; CsBr—CsI at 0.42 to 0.52 mole fraction CsI; CsCl—KCl at 0.32 to 0.42 mole fraction KCl; CsNO3—RbNO3 at 0.77 to 0.87 mole fraction CsNO3; K2CO3—Na2CO3 at 0.54 to 0.64 mole fraction Na2CO3; K2SO4—Na2SO4 at 0.69 to 0.79 mole fraction Na2SO4; KI—NaI at 0.53 to 0.63 mole fraction NaI; KI—NaCl at 0.45 to 0.55 mole fraction NaCl; KI—RbI at 0.70 to 0.80 mole fraction
RbI; LiBr—LiCl at 0.32 to 0.42 mole fraction LiCl; LiCl—NaCl at 0.23 to 0.33 mole fraction NaCl; Na2CO3—Na2SO4 at 0.31 to 0.41 mole fraction Na2SO4; KCl—NaCl at 0.45 to 0.55 mole fraction NaCl; NaBr—NaCl at 0.20 to 0.30 mole fraction NaCl; KCl—KI at 0.55 to 0.65 mole fraction
KI; KCl—NaBr at 0.45 to 0.55 mole fraction KCl or KBr—NaCl at 0.45 to 0.55 mole fraction KBr.

US Pat. No. 9,522,723

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CONTROLLING MOVEMENT OF DRIVE UNITS ON A MARINE VESSEL

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A method for controlling movement of drive units on a marine vessel, the marine vessel having a hull with a horizontally
extending longitudinal axis and each drive unit having a respective vertically extending steering axis, the method being carried
out by a control circuit and comprising:
receiving an operator request for a desired steering angle;
setting a steering angle of a first drive unit equal to the desired steering angle;
determining a midpoint of a wetted surface area of the hull;
defining a pivot line extending laterally through the midpoint and perpendicular to the longitudinal axis;
determining a first intersection point of the pivot line and a line extending horizontally through the first drive unit's
steering axis and parallel to the longitudinal axis;

determining a second intersection point of the pivot line and a line representing perpendicular application of hydrodynamic
force on the first drive unit;

setting a steering angle of a second drive unit such that a line representing perpendicular application of hydrodynamic force
on the second drive unit intersects the pivot line at the second intersection point; and

sending control signals to actuate the first and second drive units to their respective steering angles.

US Pat. No. 9,365,274

OUTBOARD MARINE PROPULSION DEVICES HAVING COOLING SYSTEMS

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. An outboard marine propulsion device comprising:
an internal combustion engine having a cylinder head and a cylinder block;
an exhaust manifold that discharges exhaust gases from the internal combustion engine to a catalyst housing and then to a
vertically elongated exhaust tube;

wherein the exhaust manifold has a plurality of inlet runners that receive the exhaust gases from the internal combustion
engine, and a vertically extending collecting passage that conveys the exhaust gases from the plurality of inlet runners to
a bend that redirects the exhaust gases downwardly towards the exhaust tube;

a cooling water jacket on the catalyst housing that carries cooling water alongside the catalyst housing;
a cooling water jacket on the exhaust manifold that conveys the cooling water alongside the exhaust manifold;
at least one cooling passage in the internal combustion engine that conveys the cooling water through the internal combustion
engine;

a pump that pumps cooling water from upstream to downstream through the cooling water jacket on the catalyst housing, the
cooling water jacket on the exhaust manifold, and then the at least one cooling passage in the internal combustion engine;
and

a tell-tale outlet that receives a portion of the cooling water upstream of the cooling water jacket on the catalyst housing
and discharges the portion of the cooling water from the outboard marine propulsion device via an uncontrolled, non-varying
outlet passage.

US Pat. No. 9,359,981

OUTBOARD MOTOR WITH SOUND ENHANCEMENT DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MODIFYING SOUNDS PRODUCED BY AIR INTAKE SYSTEM OF AN OUTBOARD MOTOR

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A method for modifying sounds produced by an air intake system for an internal combustion engine powering an outboard motor,
the method comprising:
routing intake air along a flow pathway defined through an air vent in a cowl covering the engine, to an open under-cowl environment
surrounding the engine, and to a throttle body of the engine;

collecting sounds emitted in an area of the open under-cowl environment proximate the throttle body of the engine via an inlet
end of a sound enhancement duct, wherein the inlet end of the sound enhancement duct is not a part of the flow pathway;

amplifying a first subset of the collected sounds having frequencies within a desired frequency range; and
transmitting the amplified first subset of sounds to an area outside the cowl.

US Pat. No. 9,133,910

MARINE TRANSMISSION WITH SYNCHRONIZER TO SHIFT INTO HIGH SPEED GEAR

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A marine propulsion system comprising:
an input drive shaft rotated by and receiving torque from an engine;
an output shaft;
a first driving gear fixed on the input shaft for common rotation with the input drive shaft;
a counter rotating shaft arranged parallel to the input and output shafts;
a driven gear fixed on the counter rotating shaft for common rotation with the counter rotating shaft, the driven gear on
the counter rotating shaft being in constant mesh with the first driving gear on the input drive shaft so that the counter
rotating shaft counter-rotates with the input drive shaft;

a high speed gear mounted coaxially with and free to rotate about the counter rotating shaft;
a low speed gear on the counter rotating shaft;
a driven high speed gear fixed on the output shaft for common rotation with the output shaft, the driven high speed gear being
in constant mesh with the high speed gear on the counter rotating shaft;

a driven low speed gear on the output shaft being in constant mesh with the low speed gear on the counter rotating shaft;
a high speed synchronizing clutch mechanism that engages the high speed gear on the counter rotating shaft to rotate at the
same speed as the counter rotating shaft, said synchronizing clutch mechanism comprising a synchronizer hub that rotates in
unison with the counter rotating shaft, a sliding sleeve mounted on the synchronizer hub and slidable to engage teeth on the
body of the high speed gear in order to rotate the high speed gear in unison with the counter rotating shaft, at least one
conical friction interface between the synchronizer hub and a body of the high speed gear, and at least one conical friction
interface between the body of the high speed gear and the first driven gear on the counter rotating shaft;

a shift actuator to shift the sliding sleeve into a high speed position and cause said friction surfaces to develop torque
carrying capacity substantially equal to the engine torque prior to the shifting the sliding sleeve to engage the teeth on
the body of the high speed gear; and

a one-way clutch mechanism that enables the output shaft to rotate faster than the driven low speed gear on the output shaft
and at the angular speed of the driven high speed gear on the output shaft.

US Pat. No. 9,050,498

EXERCISE ASSEMBLIES HAVING FOOT PEDAL MEMBERS THAT ARE MOVABLE ALONG USER DEFINED PATHS

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. An exercise assembly, the assembly comprising:
a frame;
a pair of elongated foot pedal members, each foot pedal member having a front portion and a rear portion;
a pair of foot pads, each foot pad being disposed on the rear portion of one of the pair of foot pedal members;
a pair of elongated coupler arms, each coupler arm having a lower portion and having an upper portion that is pivotally connected
to the frame;

a pair of crank members, each crank member having a first portion that is pivotally connected to the front portion of one
of the pair of foot pedal members and having a second portion that is pivotally connected to the lower portion of a respective
one of the pair of coupler arms, such that each crank member is rotatable in a circular path about the lower portion of the
respective one of the pair of coupler arms as the pair of elongated coupler arms pivot back and forth with respect to the
frame; and

a pair of elongated rocker arms, each rocker arm having a lower portion that is pivotally connected to one of the pair of
foot pedal members in between the foot pad and the crank member and having an upper portion that is pivotally connected to
the frame;

wherein the pair of foot pedal members are each movable along user defined paths of differing dimensions.

US Pat. No. 9,944,374

OUTBOARD MOTORS AND OIL PICKUP DEVICES FOR OUTBOARD MOTORS

Brunswick Corporation, M...

1. An outboard motor comprising an internal combustion engine; a sump with an interior for holding oil for the internal combustion engine, wherein the interior is defined by a top, a bottom, and sidewalls that extend from the top to the bottom, wherein at least a portion of the sidewalls tapers radially inwardly towards the bottom; an oil pickup conduit that extends into the interior and is configured to convey oil from the sump to the internal combustion engine; and a bumper disposed on the oil pickup conduit and separating the oil pickup conduit from the sidewall;wherein the oil pickup conduit comprises a fixed upper end and a free lower end, and wherein the bumper separates the free lower end from the sidewall;
wherein the bumper is located closer to the free lower end than the fixed upper end; and
an oil pickup window in a sidewall of the oil pickup conduit, the oil pickup window located closer to the free lower end than the fixed upper end, wherein the oil is conveyed from the sump to the internal combustion engine via the oil pickup window.

US Pat. No. 9,821,887

CONVERTIBLE LEANING POST SEATING SYSTEM FOR MARINE VESSELS

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A seating system for a marine vessel, the seating system comprising:
a frame comprising a pair of front legs and a pair of rear legs that extend downwardly from the seat;
a seat fixedly mounted on the frame and defining a first support surface having a pair of recesses extending from a rear edge
of the support surface into the support surface;

a backrest configured for movement relative to the seat and the frame between a first position and a second position, wherein
in the second position the backrest defines a second support surface positioned beneath the first support surface and lying
generally parallel to the first support surface,

wherein the first support surface defines a primary seating surface and the second support surface defines a supplementary
seating surface, and wherein with the backrest in the second position, a portion of the seat defines a supplementary backrest,
and

wherein the backrest in the first position defines a first seating configuration facing in a first direction and wherein the
backrest in the second position defines a second seating configuration facing in a second direction that is opposite the first
direction; and

a pair of pivot arms that pivotally attach the backrest to the frame, the backrest fixedly mounted on the pair of pivot arms,
the pair of pivot arms being moved into and out of the pair of recesses in the seat upon movement of the backrest between
the first position and the second position.

US Pat. No. 9,757,795

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR AVOIDING EROSION IN A HIGH PRESSURE DIE CASTING HOT SLEEVE FOR USE WITH LOW IRON ALUMINUM SILICON ALLOYS

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A shot sleeve for high pressure die casting of aluminum silicon alloys containing 0.40% max Fe, the shot sleeve comprising:
a top portion including a pouring hole;
and a bottom portion, the bottom portion including an impingement site on an inner surface of the bottom portion opposite
the pouring hole;

wherein the impingement site is constructed of an erosion resistant material that prevents erosion from the aluminum silicon
alloys through insolubility in molten aluminum.

US Pat. No. 9,623,948

STERN DRIVES FOR MARINE VESSELS

Brunswick Corporation, L...

16. A stern drive for a marine vessel, the stern drive comprising:
a gimbal housing that is configured for connection to the transom of the marine vessel;
a gimbal ring that is steerable with respect to the gimbal housing about a vertical steering axis;
a drive leg that is trimmable with respect to the gimbal ring about a horizontal trim axis that is perpendicular to the vertical
steering axis, wherein the drive leg supports a propulsor for propelling the marine vessel;

a trim actuator that is configured to trim the drive leg about the horizontal trim axis;
a cradle that supports the drive leg with respect to the gimbal ring and pivots with the drive leg and as the trim actuator
trims the drive leg about the horizontal trim axis, wherein the cradle decouples the drive leg from the transom of the marine
vessel;

wherein the cradle comprises a first end portion that is pivotably connected to the gimbal ring at the trim axis and an opposite,
second end portion that is connected to the drive leg;

wherein the cradle further comprises a middle portion that is located between the first and second end portions, wherein the
middle portion is connected to the drive leg;

a first elastic vibration dampening isolator disposed between the drive leg and the second end portion of the cradle; and
a second elastic vibration dampening isolator disposed between the drive leg and the middle portion of the cradles.

US Pat. No. 9,580,943

COWLS AND LATCHING DEVICES FOR OUTBOARD MARINE ENGINES

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A latching device for a cowl on an outboard marine engine, the cowl having first and second cowl portions that are separated
from each other in an open cowl position and that are latched together by the latching device in a closed cowl position, the
latching device comprising:
a retainer adapted to be fixed to the first cowl portion;
a latch adapted to be fixed to the second cowl portion;
wherein the latch is movable into and between a latched position in which the latch is latched to the retainer and an unlatched
position in which the latch is unlatched from the retainer;

wherein the latch comprises an engagement member, a bell crank, and a spring that is coupled to the bell crank and the engagement
member;

wherein movement of the latch towards the latched position causes the engagement member to engage the retainer, and wherein
further movement of the latch towards the latched position causes the bell crank to move with respect to the engagement member,
which causes the engagement member to latch to the retainer;

wherein movement of the latch away from the latched position causes the bell crank to move the engagement member, which causes
the engagement member to unlatch from the retainer, and wherein further movement of the latch away from the latched position
causes the engagement member to separate from the retainer; and

wherein movement of the bell crank with respect to the engagement member generates an overcenter force on the engagement member
that facilitates latching and unlatching of the engagement member and the retainer.

US Pat. No. 9,359,058

OUTBOARD MARINE PROPULSION DEVICES AND METHODS OF MAKING OUTBOARD MARINE PROPULSION DEVICES HAVING EXHAUST RUNNER COOLING PASSAGES

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. An outboard marine propulsion device comprising:
an internal combustion engine;
at least one engine cooling passage that conveys cooling water through the internal combustion engine;
an exhaust manifold that comprises a plurality of exhaust runners and an exhaust log, wherein the plurality of exhaust runners
axially conveys exhaust gases from the internal combustion engine to the exhaust log; and

a cooling jacket on the exhaust manifold, wherein the cooling jacket comprises an exhaust log cooling jacket that conveys
the cooling water along an outer surface of the exhaust log and a plurality of exhaust runner cooling passages that each axially
convey the cooling water along an outer surface of a respective one of the plurality of exhaust runners from the exhaust log
cooling jacket to the at least one engine cooling passage.

US Pat. No. 9,216,317

STAIR CLIMBER APPARATUSES AND METHODS OF OPERATING STAIR CLIMBER APPARATUSES

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A stair climber apparatus comprising:
a frame having an inclined support that extends from a bottom portion to a top portion;
a plurality of stairs that are connected together in series and travel in a loop around the inclined support;
an electric motor;
a control circuit that controls a speed of the electric motor and an output direction of the electric motor;
wherein the electric motor is operatively connected to the plurality of stairs so as to move the plurality of stairs in an
upward direction along the inclined support and so as to alternatively move the plurality of stairs in an opposite, downward
direction along the inclined support;

a first operator input device disposed at the top portion of the inclined support, wherein the first operator input device
inputs a speed command to the control circuit; and

a second operator input device disposed at the bottom portion of the inclined support, wherein the second operator input device
inputs a boarding command to the control circuit, and wherein based on the hoarding command, the control circuit controls
the electric motor so as to move the plurality of stairs along the inclined support.

US Pat. No. 9,174,818

MARINE ENGINES AND EXHAUST SYSTEMS FOR MARINE ENGINES HAVING A CATALYST FOR TREATING EXHAUST

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A marine engine comprising:
a cylinder block having first and second banks of cylinders that are disposed along a longitudinal axis and extend transversely
with respect to each other in a V-shape so as to define a valley there between;

a catalyst receptacle that is disposed at least partially in the valley and contains at least one catalyst that treats exhaust
gas from the marine engine; and

a conduit that conveys the exhaust gas from the marine engine to the catalyst receptacle, wherein the conduit receives the
exhaust gas from the first and second banks of cylinders and conveys the exhaust gas to the catalyst receptacle, wherein the
conduit reverses direction only once with respect to the longitudinal axis;

wherein the conduit comprises a single 180-degree bend;
wherein the 180-degree bend is located higher than first and second banks of cylinders with respect to the longitudinal axis
and wherein the 180-degree bend conveys the exhaust gas from a vertically upward directional flow to a vertically downward
directional flow with respect to the longitudinal axis.

US Pat. No. 10,167,798

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING ACCELERATION OF A MARINE VESSEL

Brunswick Corporation, M...

1. A method for controlling acceleration of a marine vessel having at least one engine, the method comprising:receiving a ramp value and an overshoot value;
determining an acceleration illustration curve based on the ramp value and the overshoot value, wherein the acceleration illustration curve visually represents engine RPM values or vessel speed values over time for accelerating the marine vessel to a desired cruising speed;
displaying a graph containing the acceleration illustration curve on a user interface display, wherein the graph visually correlates the ramp value and the overshoot value to the acceleration illustration curve;
receiving a user input adjusting the ramp value and/or the overshoot value;
determining an adjusted ramp value and/or an adjusted overshoot value based on the user input;
redetermining the acceleration illustration curve based on the adjusted ramp value and/or the adjusted overshoot value;
updating the graph based on the redetermined acceleration illustration curve; and
communicating a launch profile to an engine control module based on at least the adjusted ramp value and/or the adjusted overshoot value to cause acceleration of the at least one engine based on the launch profile.

US Pat. No. 9,944,373

ARRANGEMENTS FOR LUBRICATING OUTBOARD MARINE ENGINES

Brunswick Corporation, M...

1. An outboard marine engine comprising:a vertically aligned bank of piston-cylinders;
a camshaft that operates a plurality of valves for controlling flow of air with respect to the vertically aligned bank of piston-cylinders, the camshaft vertically extending between a lower camshaft end and an upper camshaft end;
a cam lobe at the upper camshaft end, wherein rotation of the camshaft causes the cam lobe to operate an uppermost valve in the plurality of valves;
an upper cam bearing bulkhead that supports rotation of the upper camshaft end; and
a lubricant circuit extending through the camshaft and having a lubricant outlet located at the upper camshaft end, wherein the lubricant outlet is configured to disperse lubricant onto the uppermost valve which is located above the uppermost cam bearing bulkhead.

US Pat. No. 9,937,983

PONTOON BOAT HAVING AN OCCUPANCY COMPARTMENT

Brunswick Corporation, M...

18. An occupancy compartment in a pontoon tube of a pontoon boat, the occupancy compartment comprising:an upper portion extending vertically above a platform of the pontoon boat, the upper portion including a ceiling;
a lower portion extending vertically below the platform and into the pontoon tube of the pontoon boat, the lower portion including a floor surface;
a metal cavity connecting the occupancy compartment within the pontoon tube, wherein the metal cavity is positioned within a hollow of the pontoon tube to create a sealed cavity surrounding at least some of the lower portion;
a liner that fits within the metal cavity to form the lower portion, wherein the liner includes a lower liner that fits within the metal cavity and forms the lower portion of the occupancy compartment and an upper liner that connects to the lower liner and forms the upper portion of the occupancy compartment; and
an entrance in the upper portion that permits an occupant to enter and exit the occupancy compartment.

US Pat. No. 9,896,172

APPARATUSES AND METHODS FOR SERVICING LUBRICATION IN A MARINE DRIVE

Brunswick Corporation, M...

1. A lubrication system in a marine drive on a marine vessel, the system comprising:
a lubrication circuit that conveys lubrication to componentry of the marine drive;
a lubrication service port connected to the lubrication circuit;
a pump disposed in the marine drive, wherein the pump pumps lubrication through the lubrication circuit; and
a hydraulic valve connected to the lubrication circuit, wherein the hydraulic valve has a normal operating position wherein
lubrication in the lubrication circuit is pumped by the pump to the componentry, and has a servicing position wherein lubrication
in the lubrication circuit is pumped by the pump to the lubrication service port.

US Pat. No. 9,840,316

COOLING SYSTEM FOR AN OUTBOARD MOTOR HAVING A HYDRAULIC SHIFT MECHANISM

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. An outboard motor comprising:
an internal combustion engine that causes rotation of a driveshaft;
a planetary transmission that operatively connects the driveshaft to a transmission output shaft;
a band brake configured to shift the planetary transmission amongst a forward gear, neutral gear and reverse gear;
a hydraulic actuator configured to actuate the band brake;
a cooling water circuit that extends adjacent to the hydraulic actuator so that the hydraulic actuator exchanges heat with
cooling water in the cooling water circuit.

US Pat. No. 9,777,655

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR SETTING ENGINE SPEED IN A MARINE PROPULSION DEVICE

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A method for setting an engine speed of an internal combustion engine in a marine propulsion device of a marine propulsion
system to an engine speed setpoint, the method comprising:
determining the engine speed setpoint based on an operator demand;
predicting a position of a throttle valve of the engine that is needed to achieve the engine speed setpoint;
determining a feed forward signal that will move the throttle valve to the predicted position;
after moving the throttle valve to the predicted position, adjusting the engine speed with a feedback controller so as to
obtain the engine speed setpoint;

accepting an operator selection of a control mode in which to operate the marine propulsion system from a plurality of different
control modes; and

based on the operator-selected control mode, selecting limits on an authority of the feedback controller to adjust the engine
speed from a plurality of different authority limits.

US Pat. No. 9,695,764

MULTI-FUEL MARINE ENGINE CONTROL SYSTEM

Brunswick Corporation, L...

14. The method of claim 13, further comprising:
automatically accessing an alternate set of operating parameters upon detecting the knock; and
controlling the engine based on the alternate set of operating parameters.

US Pat. No. 9,690,295

HEADING CONTROL ON A MARINE VESSEL

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A propulsion and steering control system for a marine vessel, the system comprising:
a joystick device operable to provide control commands, the joystick device having a handle extending on an axis; and
a control unit that receives the control commands from the joystick device and correspondingly controls at least one marine
drive;

wherein the joystick device and the control unit operate in a heading mode such that:
the control unit controls the marine drive to automatically maintain a selected heading of the marine vessel while the handle
is in a neutral position on the axis;

rotation of the handle about the axis to any angle within an angle range adjusts the selected heading by a first predefined
increment, wherein rotation of the handle in a clockwise direction about the axis from the neutral position to any of the
angles within the angle range adjusts the selected heading toward starboard by the first predefined increment, and rotation
of the handle in a counterclockwise direction about the axis to any of the angles within the angle range adjusts the selected
heading toward port by the first predefined increment.

US Pat. No. 9,222,450

PRESSURE RELIEF APPARATUS FOR USE WITH FUEL DELIVERY SYSTEMS

BRUNSWICK CORPORATION, L...

1. A pressure relief apparatus for use with a fuel cap, comprising:
a body defining a cavity and an annular wall projecting from a lower surface of the cavity, the cavity to receive or trap
contaminates or liquid;

a pressure relief system coupled to the body to define a first side of the pressure relief system oriented toward atmosphere
and a second side of the pressure relief system opposite the first side to be oriented toward a fuel tank, the pressure relief
system having a first valve including a first valve body having a first end defining a first inlet oriented toward atmosphere
and a second end defining a first outlet oriented toward the fuel tank, the first valve body housing a first flow control
member to control fluid flow between the first inlet and the first outlet, the first valve body projecting from the lower
surface of the cavity and toward an upper surface of the annular wall a distance substantially equal to a depth between the
lower surface and the upper surface of the annular wall to prevent the contaminates or liquid in the cavity from flowing from
the first side of the pressure relief system to the second side of the pressure relief system via the first inlet, the pressure
relief system having a second valve body including a first end defining a second inlet oriented toward the fuel tank and a
second end defining a second outlet oriented toward atmosphere and the cavity, the second valve body surrounding a second
flow control member of the second valve along substantially an entire length of the second flow control member, the pressure
relief system to enable fluid flow from the first side of the pressure relief system to the second side of the pressure relief
system when a first pressure differential across the pressure relief system from the first side to the second side is greater
than a first reference pressure, and the pressure relief system to enable fluid flow from the second side of the pressure
relief system to the first side of the pressure relief system when a second pressure differential across the pressure relief
system is greater than a second reference pressure.

US Pat. No. 9,138,614

EXERCISE ASSEMBLIES HAVING LINEAR MOTION SYNCHRONIZING MECHANISM

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. An exercise assembly comprising:
elongated first and second rocker arms that pivot with respect to each other in a scissors-like motion about a first pivot
axis based upon an operator exercise motion;

a slider having a slider body that slides along a linear axis extending through and perpendicular to the first pivot axis;
and

a linkage that pivotally couples the first and second rocker arms to the slider body;
wherein pivoting the first and second rocker arms with respect to each other causes the slider body to slide in a first direction
along the linear axis and wherein opposite pivoting of the first and second rocker arms with respect to each other causes
the slider body to slide in an opposite, second direction along the linear axis.

US Pat. No. 9,926,064

LATCHING APPARATUSES FOR COWLS ON OUTBOARD MARINE ENGINES

Brunswick Corporation, M...

1. A latching apparatus and cowl for an outboard marine engine, the cowl having a first cowl portion and a second cowl portion which are latched together by the latching apparatus in a closed cowl position and unlatched from each other in an open cowl position, the latching apparatus comprising:a retainer on the first cowl portion;
an actuator device on the second cowl portion; and
a wire that is coupled to the retainer in the closed cowl position and uncoupled from the retainer in the open cowl position;
wherein the wire is coupled to the actuator device such that actuation of the actuator device causes rotation of the wire; and
wherein in the closed cowl position an end of the wire is coupled to the retainer via a threaded connection, wherein actuation of the actuator device in a first direction rotates the wire and causes the end of the wire to axially translate into engagement with the retainer, and wherein actuation of the actuator device in a second direction rotates the wire and causes the end of the wire to axially translate out of engagement with the retainer.

US Pat. No. 9,849,957

SYSTEMS AND STEERING ACTUATORS FOR STEERING OUTBOARD MARINE ENGINES

Brunswick Corporation, M...

1. A steering actuator for steering an outboard marine engine about a steering axis, the steering actuator comprising:
a housing;
a piston device that is disposed in the housing, wherein hydraulic actuation of the piston device causes the outboard marine
engine to pivot about the steering axis; and

a valve device that is disposed in the housing, wherein the valve device controls a flow of a hydraulic fluid to a first side
of the piston device to move the piston device in a first piston direction in the housing and wherein the valve device alternately
controls the flow of the hydraulic fluid to an opposite, second side of the piston device to move the piston device in an
opposite, second piston direction in the housing;

wherein movement of the piston device in the first piston direction causes the outboard marine engine to pivot in a first
pivot direction and wherein movement of the piston device in the second piston direction causes the outboard marine engine
to pivot in an opposite, second pivot direction;

a rigid position reference link that rigidly connects the valve device to the piston device, wherein the rigid position reference
link is entirely disposed in the housing;

wherein the piston device comprises a first piston coupled to a first side of the piston device and a second piston coupled
to an opposite, second side of the piston device, and further comprising a first hydraulic fluid passageway that conveys the
flow of the hydraulic fluid from the valve device to the first side of the piston device to thereby cause the first piston
to move the piston device in the first piston direction and a second hydraulic fluid passageway that conveys the flow of the
hydraulic fluid from the valve device to the second side of the piston device to thereby cause the second piston to move the
piston device in the second piston direction, wherein the flow of the hydraulic fluid to the first and second hydraulic fluid
passageways is controlled by the valve device.

US Pat. No. 9,782,625

USER INTERFACE ON CONSOLE FOR EXERCISE MACHINE

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A console for an exercise machine, the console comprising:
a console housing providing a user interface for controlling the exercise machine, the console housing a first connector;
a media rack removably attached to the console housing, the media rack having a second connector connectable to the first
connector to removably attach the media rack to the console housing;

the media rack having a shelf extending generally horizontally and sized to accommodate and support any of various media items
and a retaining ledge at the end of the shelf to maintain the any of various media items on the shelf; and

at least one touch input element on the media rack operable by a user to control a function of an auxiliary device to the
exercise machine.

US Pat. No. 9,784,218

SOUND ATTENUATING AIR INTAKE SYSTEMS FOR MARINE ENGINES

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. An air intake system for a marine engine, the air intake system comprising:
a throttle body;
a throttle plate that is rotatably supported within the throttle body, the throttle plate being rotatable to regulate air
flow through the throttle body from a first region on a first side of the throttle plate to a second region on a second side
of the throttle plate;

an air conduit that has an air conduit inlet and an air conduit outlet, the air conduit outlet being disposed in fluid communication
with the second region, the air conduit inlet being disposed in fluid communication with a location which is at a pressure
generally equal to pressure within the first region;

an idle air control valve connected in fluid communication with the air conduit and configured to control rate of the air
flow from the inlet to the outlet; and

a noise cancelling device comprising an expansion pass-though chamber, the expansion pass-through chamber having a chamber
inlet that receives the air flow from the air conduit, a chamber outlet that discharges the air flow to the idle air control
valve, and a walled pass-through interior disposed between the chamber inlet and chamber outlet and sized larger than the
chamber inlet such that the walled, pass-though chamber causes noise emanating from the idle air control valve to expand and
attenuate prior to emanating from the chamber inlet.

US Pat. No. 9,751,605

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR TRIMMING A TRIMMABLE MARINE DEVICE WITH RESPECT TO A MARINE VESSEL

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A method for controlling a trim system on a marine vessel, the method comprising:
receiving an actual trim position of a trimmable marine device at a controller;
determining a trim position error by comparing the actual trim position to a target trim position with the controller;
determining an acceleration rate of the marine vessel, wherein the acceleration rate has a magnitude;
in response to determining that the trim position error exceeds a first error threshold and the magnitude of the acceleration
rate exceeds a given rate threshold, commanding the marine device to the target trim position with the controller;

in response to determining that the trim position error exceeds the first error threshold and the magnitude of the acceleration
rate does not exceed the given rate threshold, commanding the marine device to a setpoint trim position that is different
from the target trim position with the controller; and

trimming the marine device with a trim actuator in response to the controller commanding the marine device to one of the target
trim position and the setpoint trim position.

US Pat. No. 9,604,090

WEIGHT STACK ASSEMBLIES FOR EXERCISE APPARATUSES

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A weight stack assembly for an exercise apparatus, the weight stack assembly comprising:
a plurality of primary weights that are stacked in a vertical direction, wherein each primary weight in the plurality of primary
weights extends in the vertical direction, in a horizontal direction that is perpendicular to the vertical direction, and
in a lateral direction that is perpendicular to the vertical direction and perpendicular to the horizontal direction;

a plurality of secondary weights that are stacked in the vertical direction and are located next to the plurality of primary
weights in the lateral direction, wherein each secondary weight in the plurality of secondary weights extends in the vertical
direction, horizontal direction, and lateral direction;

a head plate on top of the plurality of primary weights in the vertical direction;
a primary weight selector mechanism on the head plate, wherein the primary weight selector mechanism is configured to couple
a user force receiving member to one or more of the plurality of primary weights;

a secondary weight selector mechanism on the head plate, wherein the secondary weight selector mechanism is configured to
couple the head plate to a first secondary weight in the plurality of secondary weights and to couple the head plate to a
second secondary weight in the plurality of secondary weights;

wherein the secondary weight selector mechanism is configured to engage with the first secondary weight so that the first
secondary weight remains balanced in the horizontal direction when a force is applied to the user force receiving member,
and wherein the secondary weight selector mechanism is further configured to engage with the second secondary weight so that
the first and second secondary weights remain balanced in the horizontal direction when the force is applied to user force
receiving member.

US Pat. No. 9,562,496

CARBURETORS HAVING FILTER ARRANGEMENTS

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A carburetor comprising:
a carburetor body having a venturi passage that conveys air from an air inlet to an air outlet;
a throttle valve that controls flow of the air in the venturi passage, wherein the throttle valve is movable into a closed
position, an open position, and at least one transition position between the closed position and the open position;

a fuel bowl that holds fuel for mixing with the air in the venturi passage;
a main nozzle that discharges the fuel from the fuel bowl to the air in the venturi passage when the throttle valve is in
the open position;

a secondary circuit that discharges fuel from the fuel bowl to the air in the venturi passage when the throttle valve is in
the closed position, the transition position, and the open position;

a filter that is configured to remove particulate matter from the fuel in the fuel bowl prior to discharge via the secondary
circuit;

wherein the filter is located externally of the fuel bowl; and
wherein the fuel bowl has an outlet passage that drains the fuel from the fuel bowl and an inlet passage that conveys the
fuel from the outlet passage to the secondary circuit, wherein the filter is located downstream of the outlet passage and
upstream of the inlet passage.

US Pat. No. 9,518,495

EXHAUST ARRANGEMENTS FOR MARINE PROPULSION DEVICES

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A marine propulsion device comprising:
an internal combustion engine that discharges exhaust gases;
a driveshaft housing that is located vertically below the internal combustion engine; and
a catalyst that is sandwiched between opposing castings of the internal combustion engine that face each other at a split-line;
wherein the exhaust gases flow through the catalyst parallel to the split-line;
wherein the opposing castings of the internal combustion engine define cavities that are sized and shaped so that the catalyst
is radially compressed by the opposing castings when the opposing castings are fixed together.

US Pat. No. 9,517,813

HYBRID MONOHULL PLANING VESSELS

Brunswick Corporation

1. A vessel hull form, comprising:
a non-stepped V-shaped center section extending along the entire length of said hull form;
two semi-sponsons comprising projections extending away from said center-section and disposed along the length of said hull
form on either side of said center section;

said center section and said semi-sponsons each defining a running surface for said hull form; and
wherein said semi-sponsons provide buoyancy and hydrodynamic lift for said hull-form.

US Pat. No. 10,087,946

CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS HAVING ANTI-AIR-LOCKING FEATURES

Brunswick Corporation, M...

1. A centrifugal pump for pumping fluid, the centrifugal pump comprising:a volute having an upstream inlet that receives the fluid and a downstream outlet that discharges the fluid; and
an impeller that is disposed in the volute and comprises a plurality of impeller vanes;
wherein the impeller is configured to rotate about an axis of rotation so that the plurality of impeller vanes accelerates the fluid radially outwardly from the upstream inlet to the downstream outlet;
wherein the impeller is further configured to discourage air-lock of the centrifugal pump by expelling air away from the upstream inlet as the impeller rotates about the axis of rotation; and
wherein the volute comprises an inlet surface through which the upstream inlet is formed, and further comprising a plurality of ridges that radially extends with respect to the upstream inlet and the axis of rotation.

US Pat. No. 9,931,540

BALANCING EXERCISE DEVICES

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A balancing exercise device comprising:a central balancing member having a center of balance;
a first foot pad that is coupled to the central balancing member on a first side of the center of balance, wherein the first foot pad is pivotable with respect to the central balancing member; and
a second foot pad that is coupled to the central balancing member on an opposite, second side of the center of balance, wherein the second foot pad is pivotable with respect to the central balancing member;
wherein the central balancing member and first and second foot pads are configured such that an application of equal downward forces on the first and second foot pads balances the central balancing member with respect to the center of balance;
wherein an application of unequal downward forces on the first and second foot pads causes the central balancing member to pivot about the center of balance until one of the first and second foot pads engages with a support surface on which the central balancing member is supported;
wherein engagement of the one of the first and second foot pads with the support surface causes a pivoting motion to occur between the one of the first and second foot pads and the central balancing member;
wherein each of the first and second foot pads have bottom surfaces with inner and outer edges, and wherein as the central balancing member pivots about the center of balance, the outer edge of the one of the first and second foot pads engages the support surface before the inner edge of the one of the first and second foot pads such that the one of the first and second food pad pivots with respect to the outer edge of the one of the first and second foot pads as the central balancing member continues to pivot about the center of balance; and
wherein continued application of unequal downward forces causes engagement of the inner edge of the one of the first and second foot pads with the support surface, which prevents continued pivoting of the central balancing member about the center of balance.

US Pat. No. 9,904,293

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR AUTOMATICALLY TRAILERING A MARINE VESSEL ON A BOAT TRAILER

Brunswick Corporation, M...

1. A system for automatically trailering a marine vessel, the system comprising:
a set of coded tags coupled to a boat trailer, each coded tag in the set of coded tags including data regarding its location
on the trailer;

a tag reader located aboard the marine vessel, the tag reader estimating a first distance between the tag reader and a first
coded tag in the set of coded tags and estimating a second distance between the tag reader and a second coded tag in the set
of coded tags;

a position determination module that uses the first and second estimated distances to determine a position and a heading of
the marine vessel and a position and a heading of the trailer in a given coordinate system;

a feedback control module that calculates a difference between the position of the marine vessel and the position of the trailer
and a difference between the heading of the marine vessel and the heading of the trailer and determines marine vessel movements
required to minimize the position difference and the heading difference; and

a marine propulsion system that automatically actuates a marine propulsion device to produce the required marine vessel movements
and thereby propels the marine vessel onto the trailer.

US Pat. No. 9,878,768

MARINE TRANSMISSION WITH SYNCHRONIZER TO SHIFT INTO HIGH SPEED GEAR

Brunswick Corporation, M...

1. A marine propulsion system comprising:
an input drive shaft rotated by and receiving torque from an engine;
an output shaft;
a first gear fixed on the input shaft for common rotation with the input drive shaft;
a counter rotating shaft arranged parallel to the input and output shafts;
a second gear fixed on the counter rotating shaft for common rotation with the counter rotating shaft, the second gear on
the counter rotating shaft being in constant mesh with the first gear on the input drive shaft so that the counter rotating
shaft counter-rotates with the input shaft;

a first high speed gear mounted coaxially with and free to rotate about the counter rotating shaft;
a first low speed gear on the counter rotating shaft;
a second high speed gear fixed on the output shaft for common rotation with the output shaft, the second high speed gear being
in constant mesh with the first high speed gear on the counter rotating shaft;

a second low speed gear on the output shaft being in constant mesh with the first low speed gear on the counter rotating shaft;
a high speed synchronizing clutch mechanism that engages the first high speed gear on the counter rotating shaft to rotate
at the same speed as the counter rotating shaft, said synchronizing clutch mechanism comprising a synchronizer hub that rotates
in unison with the counter rotating shaft, a sliding sleeve mounted on the synchronizer hub and slidable to engage teeth on
the body of the first high speed gear in order to rotate the first high speed gear in unison with the counter rotating shaft,
at least one conical friction interface between the synchronizer hub and a body of the first high speed gear, and at least
one conical friction interface between the body of the first high speed gear and the first gear on the counter rotating shaft;

a shift actuator to shift the sliding sleeve into a high speed position and cause said friction surfaces to develop torque
carrying capacity substantially equal to the engine torque prior to the shifting the sliding sleeve to engage the teeth on
the body of the first high speed gear; and

a one-way clutch mechanism that enables the output shaft to rotate faster than the second low speed gear on the output shaft
and at the angular speed of the second high speed gear on the output shaft.

US Pat. No. 9,868,501

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING PROPULSION OF A MARINE VESSEL

Brunswick Corporation, M...

1. A method for controlling propulsion of two or more marine drives on a marine vessel, the method comprising:
detecting a fault condition relating to a first marine drive;
determining, at a first control module associated with the first marine drive, a power limit restriction for the first marine
drive based on the fault condition;

communicating the power limit restriction with the first control module;
receiving the power limit restriction at a second control module associated with a second marine drive; and
reducing the power output of the second marine drive based on the power limit restriction for the first marine drive.

US Pat. No. 9,707,436

EXERCISE EQUIPMENT AND CONNECTOR APPARATUSES FOR EXERCISE EQUIPMENT

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A connector apparatus that connects a first component of an exercise machine to a second component of the exercise machine,
the connector apparatus comprising:
a rack coupled to the first component;
a pinion gear coupled to the second component, wherein the pinion gear is configured to mate with the rack such that the pinion
gear can roll along the rack;

a one-way bearing that allows the pinion gear to roll along the rack in a first direction and prevents the pinion gear from
rolling along the rack in an opposite, second direction; and

a handle that is coupled to the one-way bearing, wherein the handle is configured to move back and forth between
i. a first position wherein the pinion gear is mated with the rack and allowed by the one-way bearing to roll along the rack
in the first direction and prevented by the one-way bearing from rolling along the rack in the second direction; and

ii. a second position wherein the pinion gear is separated from the rack and is freely movable in the first and second directions.

US Pat. No. 9,493,222

MARINE VESSELS AND PROPULSION SYSTEMS FOR MARINE VESSELS HAVING STEERABLE PROPULSION DEVICES MOUNTED ON OUTWARDLY ANGLED TRANSOM PORTIONS

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A marine vessel comprising:
an elongated hull that extends along a center axis from an aftward end to a forward end;
a first transom portion and a second transom portion, wherein each of the first and second transom portions are located closer
to the aftward end than the forward end;

a first propulsion device that is connected to the first transom portion and steerable about a first steering axis;
a second propulsion device that is connected to the second transom portion and steerable about a second steering axis;
wherein the first and second transom portions have a mounting face that is set at a non-perpendicular outboard angle to the
center axis; and

a controller that is configured to steer the first and second propulsion devices inwardly towards a center of turn of the
marine vessel so that during any lateral translations of the marine vessel the first and second propulsion devices can provide
thrusts along axes that intersect aftwardly of the center of turn;

wherein the mounting face of each of the first and second transom portions have an inboard side and an outboard side, and
wherein the inboard side is located closer to the center axis than the outboard side; and wherein the inboard side is located
further from the forward end than the outboard side.

US Pat. No. 9,333,384

EXERCISE EQUIPMENT HAVING ADJUSTABLE BAND PEGS

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. Exercise equipment for performing exercises in an exercise zone, the exercise equipment comprising a frame and a band peg
that is connected to the frame so as to be selectively movable between an active position wherein the band peg extends from
the frame into the exercise zone and an inactive position wherein the band peg is retracted away from the exercise zone;
wherein the band peg is slideably movable with respect to the frame from the active position to the inactive position and
vice versa;

wherein the band peg extends through a through-hole in the frame;
a bearing supporting the band peg with respect to the through-hole and frictionally engaging with the band peg so as to resist
free sliding movement of the band peg between the active and inactive positions; and

an elastic member having first and second ends, wherein the first end is connected to the band peg and wherein the elastic
member is configured to resist an exercise movement by a user;

wherein the bearing is configured to resist free-sliding movement of the band peg from one of the active and inactive positions
towards the other of the active and inactive positions such that when the second end of the elastic member is moved parallel
to the band peg, the elastic member is angled with respect to the band peg.

US Pat. No. 9,327,158

EXERCISE EQUIPMENT AND ADJUSTABLE BAND PEG ASSEMBLIES FOR EXERCISE EQUIPMENT

Brunswick Corporation, L...

6. Exercise equipment for use in an exercise zone where a user performs exercises, the exercise equipment comprising:
an axially extending base frame;
a housing attached to a top surface of the axially extending base frame;
a band peg connected to the housing so as to be selectively movable between an active position wherein the band peg extends
into the exercise zone and an inactive position wherein the band peg is retracted away from the exercise zone;

a laterally extending support bar spaced vertically above the base frame, the support bar configured to support a weight bar
having at least one of chains or rubber bands attached thereto;

wherein in the active position the band peg extends transversely with respect to the axially extending base frame so as to
interfere with the at least one of chains or rubber bands on the weight bar and wherein in the inactive position the band
peg extends parallel to the axially extending base frame so as not to interfere with the at least one of chains or rubber
bands on the weight bar.

US Pat. No. 10,594,510

MARINE PROPULSION CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHOD WITH AUTOMATIC CAN ADDRESSING

Brunswick Corporation, M...

1. A controller associated with a propulsion device in a marine propulsion system, the controller having computer-executable instructions stored thereon executed by a processor to perform a method of automatically configuring at least one other controller associated with the propulsion device in a marine propulsion system, the method comprising:storing a controller CAN address that identifies a propulsion device position of the propulsion device in the marine propulsion system;
receiving an identification CAN message communicating an initial CAN address from the other controller via a dedicated controller area network (CAN) bus, wherein the initial CAN address is a CAN address stored in memory of the other controller containing initial propulsion device position information;
comparing the initial CAN address to the controller CAN address to determine whether the initial propulsion device position information correctly identifies the propulsion device position;
identifying an incorrect address based on the comparison, where the initial CAN address does not correctly identify the propulsion device position; and
upon identifying the incorrect address, sending a change address CAN message via the dedicated CAN bus from the controller to change the initial CAN address stored in memory of the other controller to a correct CAN address that identifies the propulsion device position.

US Pat. No. 10,071,286

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETERMINING AND INDICATING A DESIRED CORRECTIVE CHANGE IN EXERCISE TECHNIQUE

Brunswick Corporation, M...

1. Exercise equipment comprising:a handle member that is configured to be manually grasped by an operator;
a seat member that is configured to be sat on by the operator;
a first load sensor device that is configured to sense an operator-applied load amount on the handle member;
a second load sensor device that is configured to sense an operator-applied load amount on the seat member,
a controller that is configured to determine a desired corrective change in operator posture based upon the operator-applied load amount on the handle member, the operator-applied load amount on the seat member, and a current body weight of the operator; and
an indicator device that is configured to indicate the desired corrective change in operator posture.

US Pat. No. 9,835,521

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR ENCODER SYNCHRONIZATION USING SPARK AND FUEL MODIFICATION

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A method of determining correct engine phase in an internal combustion engine without a cam sensor, the engine having a
plurality of piston-cylinders that cause rotation of a crankshaft and a fuel delivery assembly associated with each of the
plurality of piston-cylinders, the method comprising:
monitoring an engine parameter,
modifying a fuel amount delivered to a known piston-cylinder;
advancing a spark time on one of the plurality of piston-cylinders; and
determining an actual engine phase based on a change in the engine parameter.

US Pat. No. 9,776,506

FUEL FILL APPARATUS FOR USE WITH FUEL TANKS

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A fuel fill apparatus comprising:
a body to removably couple to a neck of a fuel tank, the body defining a fuel fill passageway having a first end defining
a first opening to receive a fuel nozzle and a second end defining a second opening to guide liquid fuel from the fuel nozzle
to a cavity of the fuel tank, the first opening and the second opening defining a central axis of the fuel fill passageway;

a nozzle retainer to retain the fuel nozzle in the opening; and
a plurality of longitudinal ribs positioned about a portion of a circumference of an inner wall of the fuel fill passageway,
the longitudinal ribs to project from the inner wall of the fuel fill passageway toward the central axis of the fuel fill
passageway, the longitudinal ribs positioned between the first opening and the second opening, the longitudinal ribs defining
a third opening of the fuel fill passageway having an axis parallel and offset relative to the central axis defined by the
first opening and the second opening, the third opening to receive an end of the fuel nozzle and locate the end of the nozzle
between the first opening and the second opening, the longitudinal ribs to offset a central axis of the end of the fuel nozzle
relative to the central axis of the fuel fill passageway such that an aspirator of the fuel nozzle is positioned adjacent
an inner wall of the fuel fill passageway when the fuel nozzle is inserted in the fuel fill passageway, the longitudinal ribs
to maintain a fuel nozzle outlet opening of the end of the fuel nozzle substantially parallel relative to the central axis
of the fuel fill passageway during a fueling event, the longitudinal ribs including a deflector to extend along a portion
of the inner wall between a first rib of the longitudinal ribs and a second rib of the longitudinal ribs.

US Pat. No. 9,745,948

MARINE PROPELLER AND METHOD OF DESIGN THEREOF

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A marine propeller comprising:
an outer hub having a central axis; and
a blade having a blade root attached to the outer hub and extending radially outward from the outer hub toward a blade tip,
the blade having a leading edge and a trailing edge;

wherein the propeller has a diameter between 15.5 inches and 16.5 inches;
wherein the propeller has a pitch between about 17 inches and about 23 inches;
wherein the blade has a progressive rake angle such that a first local rake angle at the blade root is less than a second
local rake angle at the blade tip;

wherein the propeller has an expanded blade area ratio between about 0.52 and about 0.61;
wherein the expanded blade area ratio is related to the pitch such that an upper limit of the expanded blade area ratio is
defined by the relationship EBAR=?0.005*P+0.685 and a lower limit of the expanded blade area ratio is defined by the relationship
EBAR=?0.005*P+0.635, where EBAR is the expanded blade area ratio and P is the pitch;

wherein the blade has an average rake angle from the root to the tip, and the average rake angle is related to the pitch such
that an upper limit of the average rake angle is defined by the relationship R=0.02083*P?3?1.4643*P?2+34.372*P?238.44 and
a lower limit of the average rake angle is defined by the relationship R=0.02083*P?3?1.42*P?2+32.5506*P?226.209, where R is
the average rake angle;

wherein the blade has a maximum cross-sectional thickness at a location between about 25% and about 40% of a length of a chord
extending from the leading edge to the trailing edge, as measured from the leading edge; and

wherein a combination of the diameter, pitch, progressive rake angle, expanded blade area ratio, average rake angle, and location
of the maximum cross-sectional thickness minimizes a drag on a marine vessel to which the marine propeller is coupled while
the marine vessel is operating at less than a maximum vessel speed.

US Pat. No. 9,764,813

TILLERS, TILLER SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CONTROLLING OUTBOARD MOTORS WITH TILLERS

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A tiller for an outboard motor, the tiller comprising: a tiller body that is elongated along a tiller axis between a fixed
end and a free end, and a throttle grip on the free end, wherein the throttle grip is rotatable through a first range of motion
from an idle position in which the outboard motor is controlled at idle speed to first wide open throttle position in which
the outboard motor is controlled at wide open throttle speed and alternately through a second range of motion from the idle
position to a second wide open throttle position in which the outboard motor is controlled at wide open throttle speed.

US Pat. No. 9,718,529

TRANSMISSION FOR MARINE PROPULSION

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A marine transmission located within a drive housing comprising:
an input shaft having an axis of rotation and rotated in a given direction by engine torque;
an output shaft aligned with the axis of rotation of the input shaft;
a torque transmitting gear set comprising a carrier that is selectively fixed to the input shaft or the drive housing respectively,
a pinion shaft rotatably mounted to the carrier transverse to the axis of rotation of the input and output shafts, opposing
top and bottom bevel gears mounted in line with the input and output shafts respectively, the top bevel gear being fixed to
the input shaft and the bottom bevel gear being fixed to the output shaft, and opposing side idler bevel gears mounted on
the pinion shaft transverse to the top and bottom bevel gears and in constant mesh with the top and bottom bevel gears;

a clutch mechanism operably connected to the torque transmitting gear set; and
a shifting mechanism for shifting the clutch mechanism between forward, neutral and reverse positions;
wherein the carrier is fixed relative to the input shaft when the clutch mechanism is fully engaged in the forward position
so that the carrier and pinion shaft rotate in the same direction as the input shaft and the side idler bevel gears drive
the bottom bevel gear and output shaft in the same direction as the input shaft, and the carrier is fixed relative to the
drive housing when the clutch mechanism is fully engaged in the reverse position so that the top bevel gear on the input shaft
rotates the side idler gears about the pinion shaft to drive the bottom bevel gear on the output shaft in the opposite direction
of the input shaft;

a forward hub fixed for common rotation with the input shaft, the forward hub including a friction cone and clutch engagement
teeth;

a grounded reaction plate fixed in position relative to the drive housing, the grounded reaction plate including a friction
cone and clutch engagement teeth;

a synchronizer hub that is mounted for common rotation with the carrier, said synchronizer hub being located between the forward
hub and the grounded reaction plate;

said synchronizer hub including a first concentric well in which a first blocker ring and at least one synchronizing ring
are held between the synchronizer hub and the forward hub;

said synchronizer hub including a second concentric well in which a second blocker ring and at least one synchronizing ring
are held between the synchronizer hub and the grounded reaction plate;

a sliding sleeve mounted over the synchronizer hub and movable to engage the clutch engagement teeth on the forward hub when
the clutch mechanism is shifted into the forward position and movable to engage the engagement teeth on the grounded reaction
plate when the clutch mechanism is shifted into reverse;

wherein the first blocker ring is also held in the first concentric well and the second blocker ring is also held in the second
concentric well; and

a spring that biases the first blocker ring away from contacting the forward hub when the clutch mechanism is not in the forward
position and another spring that biases the second blocker ring away from contacting the grounded reaction plate when the
clutch mechanism is not in the reverse position.

US Pat. No. 9,650,937

CONVERGING COOLING SYSTEM CROSS SECTION

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. An outboard marine engine comprising:
an engine having a cylinder block having a plurality of vertically-aligned cylinders;
an exhaust manifold configured to convey exhaust gases from the engine, wherein the exhaust manifold comprises a plurality
of vertically-aligned exhaust runners configured to horizontally convey the exhaust gases from the engine, and a first exhaust
passage configured to vertically upwardly convey the exhaust gases from the plurality of vertically-aligned exhaust runners;

a cooling water jacket on the exhaust manifold, the cooling water jacket being configured to convey cooling water alongside
and in thermal communication with the exhaust manifold; and

a cooling water pump configured to pump the cooling water through the cooling water jacket and particularly vertically downwardly
alongside the first exhaust passage;

wherein alongside the first exhaust passage, the cooling water jacket defines a converging passageway that converges from
a vertically higher portion to a vertically lower portion so that as the cooling water flows vertically downwardly through
the converging passageway, air pockets within the cooling water tend to exit the cooling water via buoyancy or and drag due
to flow velocity.

US Pat. No. 9,646,268

SYSTEMS AND METHODS OF SUPPORTING A PRODUCT LIFE CYCLE MANAGEMENT (PLM) IMPLEMENTATION

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A computerized method of supporting a product life cycle management (PLM) implementation, the computerized method comprising:
receiving in an enterprise resource planning (ERP) application an input seed file from a parts planning application (PPA),
wherein the input seed file requests to interface with any one of a plurality of ERP attributes;

sending from the ERP application to the PPA an output attribute file when any one of the plurality of ERP attributes interfaces
with the input seed file, and does not send the output attribute file when the input seed file does not interface, wherein
the output attribute file includes the requested ERP attribute and further includes a set of characteristics of the one or
more requested ERP attributes;

receiving in the PPA a set of bill of material data from a product data management (PDM) application, including a bill of
material and a set of corresponding bill of material attributes for an assembly; and

integrating the output attribute file from the ERP application and the set of bill of material data from the PDM application
in a configurable graphical user interface in the PPA, wherein a plurality of users have access to the configurable graphical
user interface, and the access allows each of the plurality of users to edit the bill of material for the assembly in real
time.

US Pat. No. 10,507,898

LOCKOUT FOR REMOTE CONTROLS ON MARINE VESSELS

Brunswick Corporation, M...

1. A shift control system for a marine drive, the shift control system comprising:a remote control having a base and a control lever movable by an operator to shift a gear system of a marine drive into one of a forward gear, a reverse gear, and a neutral state;
a controller;
a lever position sensor that senses the position of the control lever at a sample rate;
wherein the controller calculates the rate of change of the position of the control lever based on the position sensed by the lever position sensor and determines whether the rate of change exceeds a threshold rate of change; and
wherein the controller engages a lockout to prevent the shift control system from shifting into reverse gear based on whether the rate of change exceeds the threshold rate of change.

US Pat. No. 10,180,157

TWO-PIECE CONNECTOR DEVICES, CONNECTOR ASSEMBLIES AND METHODS OF USE

Brunswick Corporation, M...

1. A connector device connecting an element to a base part including a mounting face provided with a throughhole having a forming wall structure via a bolt having a threaded end extending through the throughhole, the connector device comprising:a rear portion defining a bolt hole for engaging the bolt extending through the throughhole; and
a front portion connected together with the rear portion such that there is relative movement between the rear portion and the front portion, the front portion having an access opening for receiving the bolt;
the rear portion and the front portion being configured to be retained within the base part such that the rear portion does not project from the mounting face of the base part; and
the rear portion being movable relative to the front portion such that the bolt hole is aligned with the access opening for receiving the threaded end of the bolt;
wherein the rear portion includes a first end provided with a curved segment defining a first planar engagement surface, a second end provided with a tab defining a second planar engagement surface on one side of the tab and a third planar engagement surface on an opposite side of the tab;
wherein the rear portion further includes a driven element located between the first end and the second end; and
wherein the front portion includes a front face provided with a head which is received in the forming wall structure, and a slot formed in the head and opening into the access opening, the slot being configured to receive the driven element when the rear portion is moved relative to the front portion.

US Pat. No. 10,086,226

ENERGY ABSORBING WEIGHT BAR SUPPORT ASSEMBLIES FOR EXERCISE EQUIPMENT

Brunswick Corporation, M...

1. A weight bar support assembly for supporting a weight bar on exercise equipment having an upright formed with a receiving arrangement, the weight bar support assembly comprising:a catch arm having an attachment bracket and a weight support member, and
an energy absorbing arrangement configured for cushioning a force transmitted to the upright upon contact of the weight bar with the weight support member, wherein the weight bar support assembly is further arranged so that:
the attachment bracket being configured to be engaged with the upright, the attachment bracket including a front wall, a first side wall extending rearwardly from one side of the front wall, a rear wall joined to the first side wall and a second side wall extending rearwardly from another side of the front wall and disconnected from the rear wall, the first side wall being provided with an engagement structure which is slidably and rotatably received within a set of aligned apertures of the receiving arrangement formed in the upright for maintaining the attachment bracket in one desired setting on the upright;
the weight support member extending forwardly from the front wall and configured for supporting the weight bar on the exercise equipment when the engagement structure is received in the aligned apertures; and
the energy absorbing arrangement being incorporated within the attachment bracket, the energy absorbing arrangement including a first cushioning pad provided on an inside surface of the front wall, and a second cushioning pad provided on an inside surface of the rear wall.

US Pat. No. 10,051,960

COMBINATION CHAIR AND DESK APPARATUS

Brunswick Corporation, M...

1. A combination chair and desk apparatus comprising:a frame;
a stationary member connected to the frame;
a pivot member that is pivotable with respect to the stationary member between a chair position and a table position, the pivot member having a chair surface and a table surface that is transverse to the chair surface; and
a latching device that latches the pivot member to the stationary member in the chair position and alternately in the table position;
wherein when the pivot member is in the chair position, the chair surface is oriented for supporting a user, and wherein when the pivot member is in the table position, the table surface is oriented for supporting an object;
wherein when the pivot member is in the chair position, the chair surface is generally horizontal, and wherein when the pivot member is in the table position, the table surface is generally horizontal; and
the pivot member comprising a first side and a second side that is opposite the first side, wherein the chair surface and the table surface are on the first side.

US Pat. No. 10,047,661

APPARATUSES AND SYSTEMS FOR COOLING FUEL MODULES FOR MARINE ENGINES

Brunswick Corporation, M...

1. A fuel module apparatus for a marine engine, the fuel module apparatus comprising a housing having a fuel cavity; a fuel pump in the housing, wherein the fuel pump is configured to pump fuel through the fuel cavity from an inlet on the housing to an outlet on the housing; and a cooling fluid sprayer configured to spray cooling fluid onto an outer surface of the housing to thereby cool the housing and the fuel in the fuel cavity.

US Pat. No. 9,889,527

METHODS AND APPARATUS TO PROVIDE A PROTECTIVE BARRIER TO FUEL TANK COUPLING APPARATUS

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A method of attaching a coupling apparatus to a fuel tank, the method comprising:
coupling a barrier to an outer surface of a fuel tank, wherein the barrier includes a support surface and a wall protruding
from the support surface to define a cavity;

positioning a valve in the cavity from above an upper surface of the wall of the barrier such that the valve is at least partially
recessed in the cavity and relative to the upper surface of the wall, and the wall of the barrier substantially surrounds
a dimensional footprint of the valve; and

plastically welding the support surface and a portion of the valve in contact with the support surface to permanently attach
the valve to the support surface of the barrier.

US Pat. No. 9,828,080

LOCKOUT FOR REMOTE CONTROLS ON MARINE VESSELS

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. An electromechanical lockout device for a remote control on a marine vessel, the remote control having a control lever
movable by an operator to a reverse position that causes a gear system of a marine drive to shift into a reverse gear, a neutral
position that causes the gear system to shift into a neutral state, and a forward position that causes the gear system to
shift into a forward gear, the lockout device comprising:
an electric actuator; and
a locking pin movable by the electric actuator, the locking pin having an engagement end and a second end;
wherein the locking pin is arranged with respect to a control lever such that the locking pin is movable by the electric actuator
to a locked position where the engagement end of the locking pin prevents the control lever from moving into the reverse position,
and to a retracted position that allows the control lever to move into the reverse position.

US Pat. No. 9,776,699

OUTBOARD MOTOR WITH ANGLED STEERING AXIS

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. An outboard motor configured to be coupled to a marine vessel, the outboard motor comprising:
a drive unit including:
an engine that rotates an output shaft;
a driveshaft extending along a driveshaft axis and having an upper end coupled in torque-transmitting relationship with the
output shaft; and

a propulsor shaft extending along a propulsor shaft axis and having a first end coupled in torque-transmitting relationship
to a lower end of the driveshaft and a second end coupled to a propulsor, the propulsor shaft axis defining a direction of
thrust generated by the propulsor;

a transom bracket configured to couple the drive unit to the marine vessel; and
a steering support coupling the drive unit to the transom bracket and configured to rotate the drive unit about a steering
axis to change the direction of thrust generated by the propulsor;

wherein the steering axis is substantially non-parallel to the driveshaft axis when the driveshaft axis is vertically oriented,
and the steering axis is oriented with respect to the driveshaft axis at a given angle of less than 45 degrees when the driveshaft
axis is vertically oriented.

US Pat. No. 9,732,722

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR CYLINDER SPEED INCREASE CONTROL TO IMPROVE COMBUSTION UNIFORMITY

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A method for controlling an internal combustion engine having a plurality of cylinders containing pistons that cause rotation
of a crank shaft, the method comprising:
sensing a rotational speed of the crankshaft for an engine cycle;
calculating a speed increase of the crankshaft for each of the plurality of cylinders caused by a combustion event in that
cylinder;

calculating an average speed increase as the average of the speed increases for the plurality of cylinders; and
controlling a spark time for each of the plurality of cylinders based on a difference between the speed increase for the respective
cylinder and the average speed increase to cause a subsequent speed increase for each of the plurality of cylinders to be
closer to the average speed increase;

wherein controlling the spark time for each of the plurality of cylinders includes calculating a spark time offset for each
of the plurality of cylinders, by configuring a proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controller for each of the plurality
of cylinders to calculate the spark time offset for the respective cylinder using the average speed increase as a setpoint
and the speed increase for the respective cylinder as feedback.

US Pat. No. 9,687,691

STRENGTH TRAINING APPARATUSES

Brunswick Corporation, L...

1. A strength training apparatus comprising:
a frame;
a resistance arm that is pivotable with respect to the frame about a pivot axis;
a press arm that is pivotable with respect to the resistance arm about the pivot axis;
a locking device that is configured to retain the press arm and resistance arm at first and second fixed, acutely angular
pivot positions with respect to each other, such that the press arm and resistance arm are pivotable together about the pivot
axis while remaining in the respective first and second fixed, acutely angular pivot positions;

a resistance device that is configured to resist pivoting movement of the press arm together with the resistance arm about
the pivot axis;

a biasing device having a first end portion coupled to the press arm and a second end portion coupled to the resistance arm,
wherein the biasing device extends transversely to the press arm and resistance arm, and wherein the biasing device is configured
to bias the press arm with respect to the resistance arm so as to remove any slop in the locking device that otherwise would
be caused by gravity, so that an initial movement of the press arm is immediately resisted by the resistance device.