US Pat. No. 9,212,838

COOLING DEVICE FOR VEHICLES AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING AND/OR REGULATING A COOLING DEVICE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for controlling a cooling device for vehicles, wherein said cooling device includes a refrigerant compressor,
a condenser arranged downstream of the refrigerant compressor in a flow direction of the refrigerant, a first evaporator arranged
downstream of the condenser for cooling the air to be supplied to a passenger compartment, a second evaporator arranged parallel
to the first evaporator for cooling an electric accumulator, and a control unit configured to control the refrigerant compressor
as a function of at least one of a cooling demand for the passenger compartment and a cooling demand for the electric accumulator
on the basis of the higher cooling demand, comprising the acts of:
determining which of a cooling demand of the electric accumulator and a cooling demand of the passenger compartment is greater;
if the cooling demand of the electric accumulator is not greater than the cooling demand of the passenger compartment, controlling
a closed loop control of the refrigerant compressor with the control unit based on the cooling demand of the passenger compartment;

if the cooling demand of the electric accumulator is greater than the cooling demand of the passenger compartment, determining
whether the cooling demand of the passenger compartment is zero;

if the cooling demand of the passenger compartment is zero, controlling the refrigerant compressor with the control unit to
a predefined refrigerant compressor rotational speed; and

if the cooling demand of the passenger compartment is not zero, controlling a the refrigerant compressor with the control
unit to the predefined rotational speed.

US Pat. No. 9,221,335

DRIVE DEVICE FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE AXLE WHICH, IN PARTICULAR, IS ELECTRICALLY-DRIVEN

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A drive device for an electrically driven axle of a motor vehicle, comprising:
a driving electric machine;
a transmission gearing coupled to the driving electric machine; and
a differential coupled to the transmission gearing, wherein
the driving electric machine, the transmission gearing and the differential operate to output power to driven wheels of the
motor vehicle via output shafts, and

the transmission gearing comprises two planetary gear sets coupled to one another and switchable into two transmission ratio
stages via switching elements, wherein a driven element of the two planetary gear sets is a sun gear of the first planetary
gear set and a drive output element is a web of the first planetary gear set,

the web of the first planetary gear set is coupled to an internal gear of the second planetary gear set,
an internal gear of the first planetary gear set is connected to a web of the second planetary gear set, and wherein
one of said switching elements is connected in terms of drive to the web of the second planetary gear set and another of said
switching elements is connected in terms of drive to a sun gear of the second planetary gear set.

US Pat. No. 9,428,133

MOTOR VEHICLE WITH AN AIRBAG MODULE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A motor vehicle, having an airbag module with at least one airbag and at least one gas generator comprising:
an airbag housing that accommodates the at least one airbag and the at least one gas generator;
a fixing frame located on a wall section of a dashboard of the motor vehicle, the airbag housing being fixable on the fixing
frame, wherein

the airbag housing comprises a plurality of laterally outward-projecting tongues on at least two opposing sides, the tongues
arranged next to one another on one side being spaced apart by at least one tongue width,

the fixing frame has corresponding undercuts with respect to the tongues, the airbag module being held form-lockingly via
the tongues in the corresponding undercuts,

the airbag housing is slid in a longitudinal direction of the airbag housing so that the tongues slide into the undercuts,
to thereby fix the airbag housing at the fixing frame.

US Pat. No. 9,333,972

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR EXITING A SAILING MODE OF A VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for exiting a sailing mode of a vehicle; wherein a clutch unit of the vehicle is disengaged in order to decouple
a driving shaft of the vehicle from a driven shaft of the vehicle, when the vehicle is operated in the sailing mode; the method
comprising
predicting that a trigger for an exit of the sailing mode will occur;
initiating the preparation of the clutch unit for engagement, subject to predicting that a trigger for the exit of the sailing
mode will occur;

detecting a trigger for the exit of the sailing mode;
adapting a shaft speed of the driving shaft, subject to detecting a trigger for the exit of the sailing mode; and
engaging the clutch unit, subject to preparing the clutch unit for engagement and subject to adapting the shaft speed, in
order to exit the sailing mode.

US Pat. No. 9,216,766

WHEEL OF A VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A wheel carrier of a vehicle, comprising:
at least one spur configured and oriented on the wheel carrier to selectively deflect a wheel mountable on the wheel carrier
in a predefined deflection direction in an event of an accident-generated application of force on the wheel.

US Pat. No. 9,097,337

METHOD AND APPARATUS TO CONTROL HYDRAULIC LINE PRESSURE IN AN ELECTRO-MECHANICAL TRANSMISSION

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. Method for controlling hydraulic line pressure of a hydraulic control system in an electro-mechanical transmission configured
to selectively transmit mechanical power to an output member, said method comprising:
determining an available flow from a main hydraulic pump;
determining an available flow from an auxiliary hydraulic pump;
determining a flow consumption of functions served by said hydraulic control system;
determining an estimated hydraulic line pressure based upon said flow from said main hydraulic pump, said flow from said auxiliary
hydraulic pump, and said flow consumption;

said determining of the available flow from the main hydraulic pump and the available flow from the auxiliary hydraulic pump
based on the determined estimated hydraulic line pressure;

modeling behavior of said functions served by said hydraulic control system based upon immediate requirements and projections
of expected requirements of the hydraulic control system;

determining a minimum hydraulic line pressure to fulfill said functions served by said hydraulic control system;
determining a desired hydraulic line pressure comprising one of said minimum hydraulic line pressure to fulfill said functions
served by said hydraulic control system and a hydraulic line pressure determined based upon said modeling behavior of said
functions served by said hydraulic control system;

determining an estimated maximum available hydraulic line pressure based upon the estimated hydraulic line pressure;
comparing said desired hydraulic line pressure to said estimated hydraulic line pressure; and
modulating output of said main hydraulic pump and controlling said auxiliary hydraulic pump based upon said comparing said
desired hydraulic line pressure to said estimated hydraulic line pressure and the estimated maximum available hydraulic line
pressure;

said modulating the output of the main hydraulic pump comprising controlling a selectable flow restrictor, and said controlling
said auxiliary hydraulic pump comprising controlling rotational speed of the auxiliary hydraulic pump.

US Pat. No. 9,140,337

METHOD FOR MODEL BASED CLUTCH CONTROL AND TORQUE ESTIMATION

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. Method for operating a powertrain comprising an electro-mechanical transmission mechanically-operatively coupled to an
internal combustion engine and an electric machine configured to selectively transmit mechanical power to an output member
through selective application of a plurality of hydraulically actuated clutches, the method comprising:
in response to a command to activate one of said clutches,
monitoring a state of a pressure control switch operatively coupled to the clutch;
operating the pressure control switch in one of a full feed state and an overlap state and monitoring a hydraulic line pressure
utilized by said pressure control switch to fill said clutch;

determining a hydraulic flow rate flowing to said clutch based upon said state of said pressure control switch and said hydraulic
line pressure;

tracking a clutch fill volume of said clutch based upon said hydraulic flow rate;
estimating a clutch fill completion time based upon said clutch fill volume and said hydraulic flow rate and a time span wherein
achieving clutch fill completion is expected based upon said clutch fill completion time;

monitoring an output of a pressure switch operatively coupled to said clutch and detecting a fill completion based upon achievement
of a clutch pressure calibrated to expected clutch fill completion independent of said estimating of the clutch fill completion
time based upon said clutch fill volume and said hydraulic flow rate;

indicating the clutch fill completion indicating said clutch is in a touching state,
wherein indicating said clutch fill completion comprises:
comparing said time span wherein achieving clutch fill completion is expected and said fill completion detected by said pressure
switch;

determining whether the fill completion detected by said pressure switch occurred at a time that coincides with said time
span wherein achieving clutch fill completion is expected; and

indicating said clutch fill completion based upon said comparing and said determining.

US Pat. No. 9,343,724

CELL CONNECTOR

ElringKlinger AG, Dettin...

1. Electrochemical device comprising at least a first electrochemical cell with a first cell terminal, a second electrochemical
cell with a second cell terminal and a cell connector connecting the first cell terminal and the second cell terminal electrically
conductively to one another,
wherein the cell connector comprises a first contact section for connection to the first cell terminal, a second contact section
for connection to the second cell terminal and a deformable compensation region, which is disposed between and connects the
first contact section and the second contact section to one another and which is more elastically and/or plastically deformable
than the first contact section and the second contact section to allow a movement of the first contact section and second
contact section relative to one another, wherein the electrochemical device comprises a receiving device for receiving the
first electrochemical cell and the second electrochemical cell, wherein the receiving device is configured as a cooling body
surrounding the first electrochemical cell and the second electrochemical cell and is formed from a first material consisting
of a metal or alloy that has a first coefficient of thermal expansion, and

wherein the cell connector comprises a base body, which is formed from a second material that has a second coefficient of
thermal expansion, which differs by less than 10% from the first coefficient of thermal expansion of the first material.

US Pat. No. 9,090,257

METHOD IN A MOTOR VEHICLE HAVING AT LEAST ONE DRIVE ENGINE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method of operating a motor vehicle having at least one drive engine, the method comprising the acts of:
beginning from an inhabit state of operation of the vehicle, receiving, via an electronic control device of the vehicle, a
command to select a gear, wherein the command is generated manually by a driver via actuation of a gear selection operating
element; and

making the motor vehicle in a ready for travel state, via the electronic control device, upon receiving the command to select
the gear without relying on an ignition key or an engine start/stop button provided primarily for manually starting and stopping
the drive engine,

wherein the ready for travel state comprises at least an automatic starting of the drive engine via the electronic control
device.

US Pat. No. 9,460,614

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DETERMINING TRAFFIC STATUS

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A computer-implemented method for ascertaining traffic status, the method comprising iteratively performing the following
sequence at predefined time intervals defining a speed acquisition period via a software program executed by an on-vehicle
computer:
acquiring a speed of the vehicle via a speed sensor communicatively coupled to the computer;
assigning the acquired speed to a speed range, including at least one of:
a first speed range, when the acquired speed is greater than at least one speed threshold,
a second speed range, when the acquired speed is less than the at least one speed threshold but greater than a minimum speed
threshold,

a third speed range, when the acquired speed is less than the minimum speed threshold;
adjusting a respective count of a counter such that:
a first count is adjusted if the respective acquired speed is assigned to the first speed range,
a second count is adjusted if the respective acquired speed is assigned to the second speed range, and
no count is adjusted if the respective acquired speed is assigned to the third speed range;
determining a holding phase based on whether the acquired speed is assigned to the third speed range and a prior acquired
speed associated with one or more immediately preceding iterations was also assigned to the third speed range;

modifying the adjusting step for one or more subsequent iterations based on the determination, such that no count is adjusted
for a predetermined non-consideration number of speed acquisition periods;

determining a flowing traffic status when the first count exceeds a first value before the second count exceeds a second value;
and

determining a congested traffic status when the second count exceeds the second value before the first count exceeds the first
value.

US Pat. No. 9,227,677

MOTOR VEHICLE WITH AN UNDERBODY TRIM

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A motor vehicle equipped with a rear exhaust muffler, comprising:
a floor panel of the motor vehicle;
an underbody trim in a rear-end region of the motor vehicle, wherein the underbody trim is arranged below the floor panel
and at least partially conceals the rear exhaust muffler; and

a fixed-open air inlet in the underbody trim, wherein
the fixed-open air inlet is arranged in a region in which, while the motor vehicle is traveling, a pressure is higher at an
underside of the underbody trim than in an intermediate space between the underbody trim and the floor panel, whereby air
flows through the fixed-open air inlet while the motor vehicle is traveling.

US Pat. No. 9,233,576

WHEEL HUB ROTARY JOINT ARRANGEMENT

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A wheel hub rotary joint assembly with an axis of rotation, the wheel hub rotary joint assembly comprising:
(a) a wheel hub with a wheel flange for connecting a wheel, and with a sleeve section for receiving a wheel bearing;
(b) a constant-velocity rotary joint with an outer joint part, an inner joint part and torque-transmitting elements, wherein
the outer joint part has an end face provided with a first spur gearing section with first teeth at an end facing the wheel
hub, and the sleeve section has an end face provided with a second spur gearing section with second teeth at an end facing
the constant-velocity rotary joint, wherein the first and second spur gearing sections form a gear pair engaging one another
for torque transmission;

(c) a clamp that axially clamps the wheel hub against the outer joint part, said clamp being axially supported on one side
on the wheel hub and on another side on the outer joint part, wherein

at least one of the first and second spur gearing sections is configured such that, viewed in a radial direction, the first
and second teeth initially only come in contact with one another on a small subsurface of the tooth surfaces facing one another
during axial clamping of the assembly, which subsurface increases in size during further clamping, and

either both end faces of the gear pair formed by the first and second spur gearing sections are curved in a convex manner
or only one end face is curved in a convex manner and the other end face is flat, wherein the first and second spur gear sections
are each configured such that, viewed in the radial direction, the first and second teeth initially come into load-bearing
contact with one another on a radially inward side and, as tension increases, also come into load-bearing contact with one
another on a radially outward side, wherein a substructure of the sleeve section and/or of the outer joint part having the
teeth is configured to be more easily deformable in a region lying radially further inward than in a region lying radially
further outward.

US Pat. No. 9,266,531

METHOD AND CONTROL APPARATUS FOR OPERATING A ROAD-BOUND HYBRID VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A control apparatus for operating a road-bound split-axle hybrid vehicle having a first drive unit associated with a first
axle and a second drive unit associated with a second axle, wherein one drive unit has at least one electric motor and the
other drive unit has at least one internal combustion engine, and further wherein a load point increase (mLPI) is performed by the at least one internal combustion engine, an energy store for operating the at least one electric motor
being chargeable by said load point increase, the control apparatus comprising:
an electronic control unit, wherein the electronic control unit is configured to limit said load point increase (mLPI) by the at least one internal combustion engine by:

determining a maximum permissible upper limit (mwheel load base) for load increase torque under optimum traction conditions depending on a steering angle and on a vehicle speed of the road-bound
split-axle hybrid vehicle;

performing a torque-reducing adaptation (k*?max HA) of the previously determined maximum permissible upper limit (mwheel load base) to match traction-impaired environmental influences; and

controlling said load point increase to a driving-dynamics-compatible torque on the traction impaired environmental influences.

US Pat. No. 9,352,711

VEHICLE BODY

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A vehicle body having a bumper cross member and a wheel mount, comprising:
a longitudinal member, a front end of the longitudinal member being connected with the bumper cross member via a deformation
unit arranged between the bumper cross member and the front end of the longitudinal member; and

a cantilever support member structured as part of the vehicle body, which extends in essence transversely to the longitudinal
member along a transverse axis of the vehicle and which is fastened at a first end in a torque resistant manner directly to
the longitudinal member away from the deformation unit, and which is not fastened to another member between the first end
and a free end opposite the first end;

wherein the free end of the cantilever support member is arranged to protrude into an intermediate space between the wheel
mount and the bumper cross member; and

wherein, in an event of a frontal collision with a small overlap between an obstacle and the vehicle body, the cantilever
support member absorbs energy and introduces the energy into the longitudinal member due to the torque resistant fastening
of the cantilever support member directly to the longitudinal member.

US Pat. No. 9,276,308

ARRANGEMENT FOR MOUNTING AND ADJUSTING A SENSOR

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. An adjustable mounting arrangement for a sensor on a motor vehicle, comprising:
a sensor housing for accommodating the sensor, the sensor housing having receiving devices, wherein said receiving devices
are arranged in a first lateral edge area and an opposite, second, lateral edge area of the sensor housing;

fastening domes, one fastening dome being arranged in each of the receiving devices;
a holder fastenable to the motor vehicle,
wherein
the sensor housing is fixed in the first lateral edge area on the holder via two fastening domes and axially-fixed fasteners
engaging therein so as to be rotatable about an axis,

the sensor housing is tiltably fixed with respect to the holder in the second lateral edge area via the one fastening dome
and an associated threaded bolt engaging in the one fastening dome and the holder, and

the fasteners for fixing the sensor housing on the holder are each configured as ball clips fastened in the holder, each ball
clip having a ball end fixedly received in a complementary socket section of a respective fastening dome.

US Pat. No. 9,305,221

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR IDENTIFYING A POSSIBLE COLLISION OBJECT

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for detecting a potential collision object in an image, the method comprising the acts of:
acquiring, by a camera arranged in a motor vehicle, the image;
providing, by the camera, a digital source image of a predefined image size as a function of the acquired image;
generating a first intermediate image of a predefined first intermediate image size by reducing a resolution of the digital
source image in a sense of reducing pixels;

generating a second intermediate image of the predefined image size based on the first intermediate image, the generated second
intermediate image including both the first intermediate image and additional pixels not included in the first intermediate
image;

analyzing, via a detector, the second intermediate image to determine whether an object of a predefined object category is
located in the second intermediate image, wherein the detector analyzes a predefined image detail and detects the object of
the predefined object category of a predefined object size range,

wherein a first pixel value is determined as a function of pixel values of the digital source image or of the first intermediate
image, and the additional pixels of the second intermediate image, which are not included within the first intermediate image,
have the first pixel value.

US Pat. No. 9,300,236

INCREASING THE EXCITATION CURRENT OF A MULTIPHASE AC GENERATOR CONNECTED TO AN ELECTRICAL SYSTEM OF A MOTOR VEHICLE UPON THE ACTIVATION OF THE GENERATOR

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for increasing an excitation current of a polyphase alternating-current alternator connected to an on-board power
supply system of a motor vehicle, wherein a regulator is connected to the alternator and a rectifier is connected to an output
side of the alternator, and wherein the regulator is configured to receive a phase signal, the method comprising the acts
of:
generating, by the rectifier, a rectified alternator voltage that is regulated by way of the regulator;
increasing, by the regulator, the excitation current of an excitation winding of the alternator at an initial rate of change,
wherein the excitation current is based on a duty factor of an output stage of the regulator;

determining, by the regulator during said increasing of the excitation current, whether at least one of the phase signal and
a quantity derived from the phase signal satisfies a condition relating to a present rectified alternator voltage; and

continuing, after the at least one of the phase signal and the quantity derived from the phase signal satisfies the condition,
to increase the excitation current to a target value at a rate reduced with respect to the initial rate of change.

US Pat. No. 9,227,517

CHARGING DEVICE HAVING A BIDIRECTIONAL AUXILIARY POWER SUPPLY UNIT

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A charging device for use with an external alternating current voltage source that charges a high-voltage battery of a
motor vehicle equipped with a low-voltage battery, a link circuit capacitor and a charging electronics unit having a charging
voltage input and a supply voltage input, the charging device comprising:
a bidirectional auxiliary power supply having two interfaces, the bidirectional auxiliary power supply being configurable
in the motor vehicle;

a first of the two interfaces of the auxiliary power supply being connected in parallel with the link circuit capacitor and
in parallel with the charging voltage input of the charging electronics unit; and

a second of the two interfaces of the auxiliary power supply and of the low-voltage battery are connected in parallel with
the supply voltage input of the charging electronics unit.

US Pat. No. 9,051,008

DRIVER ASSISTANCE SYSTEM

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for assisting a driver of a motor vehicle during a lane departure, the method comprising the acts of:
determining at least a low degree of danger and a high degree of danger for a lane departure via a side area monitoring device
of the vehicle, wherein the low degree of danger corresponds to when the side area monitoring device detects an open passing
lane and the high degree of danger corresponds to when the side area monitoring detects that the passing lane is not open;

determining a deliberateness of the driver in departing the lane;
upon determining the high degree of danger, triggering a first driver-aid reaction at least in a form of a first counter-steering
of the vehicle for steering the vehicle back into the lane, wherein the first counter-steering has a strength that is independent
of the determined deliberateness of the lane departure, and wherein the triggering is controlled by a coupling between the
side area monitoring device and a lane directional stability monitoring device; and

upon determining the low degree of danger, triggering a second driver-aid reaction as a function of the determined deliberateness
of leaving the lane, wherein the second driver-aid reaction comprises a second counter-steering having a strength that is
proportional to the determined deliberateness of the lane departure.

US Pat. No. 9,266,482

ONBOARD POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR OPERATING THE ONBOARD POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. An onboard power supply system for a motor vehicle, comprising:
a voltage converter having a first connection and a second connection,
a voltage source electrically coupled with the first connection of the voltage converter, the voltage source being operatively
configured to provide a predefined source voltage,

a base energy accumulator having a first connection electrically coupled with the second connection of the voltage converter,
and a second connection electrically coupled with a reference potential, the base energy accumulator being operatively configured
to provide a predefined base voltage, wherein an amount of the predefined source voltage of the voltage source is greater
than the base voltage,

at least one first selection circuit of at least one first electric consuming device, the at least one first electric consuming
device being arranged electrically coupleable parallel to the voltage converter, wherein the at least one first electric consuming
device is acted upon by a voltage resulting from a difference between the predefined source voltage of the voltage source
and the base voltage,

at least one second selection circuit of at least one second electric consuming device, the at least one second electric consuming
device being arranged electrically coupleable parallel to the base energy accumulator.

US Pat. No. 9,096,277

GROUP OF MOTOR VEHICLES

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A group of motor vehicles, comprising motor vehicles from at least two vehicle series belonging to different vehicle classes,
having a rearward floor assembly respectively with two lateral rear longitudinal members, wherein the rear longitudinal members
of the motor vehicles from the at least two vehicle series, respectively, have uniform center and rearward sections, while
having different forward sections, wherein the forward and center sections being connected with one another and the forward
sections being configured such that, for the motor vehicles from the at least two vehicles series, at least one of
different distances in a transverse direction (Y) of the motor vehicles are formed between interior surfaces of rear wheel
wells of the motor vehicles,

different distances in a longitudinal direction (X) of the motor vehicles are formed between connection lines of wheel contact
points of rear wheels and heel plate cross-members, and

different distances in a vertical direction (Z) of the motor vehicles are formed between lower edges of rear longitudinal
members and lower edges of lateral longitudinal members of the motor vehicles.

US Pat. No. 9,469,167

VEHICLE PNEUMATIC TIRE HAVING A SEALING MATERIAL ON THE INSIDE OF THE TIRE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A vehicle pneumatic tire, comprising:
a sealing material on an interior side of the tire, which sealing material, when the tire is damaged, at least approximately
closes off a resulting leak; and

a sensor unit provided in a section of the tire equipped with sealing material, wherein:
the sensor unit monitors pneumatic pressure in the tire,
the sensor unit is fastened via an adhesive film on the interior side of the tire equipped with the sealing material, the
adhesive film being adhered over a large surface area onto the interior side of the tire,

the large surface area of the adhesive film is several times larger than a base surface of the sensor unit or of a holding
device for the sensor unit, which base surface faces the interior side of the tire.

US Pat. No. 9,231,326

HIGH-CURRENT PLUG-IN CONNECTOR FOR AUTOMOTIVE VEHICLE APPLICATIONS

BAYERISCHE MOTOREN WERKE ...

1. A high-current (HC) plug-in connector for currents exceeding 100 A, in particular 200 A, comprising:
a first connecting element having a first contact section,
a second connecting element having a second contact section,
a spring element for establishing an electrical connection between the first and the second connecting element, characterized
in that

the spring element comprises at least two clamping elements which are interconnected via at least one web, the web and respective
first sections of the clamping elements being arranged on a first outer surface of the electrical connection formed by the
first and the second contact section, and second sections of the clamping elements being arranged at least in part on a second
outer surface opposite the first outer surface;

at least one contact spring is arranged on the at least one web, said at least one contact spring generating, on the first
outer surface, a contact force oriented in the direction of the second outer surface, whereby mutually facing contact surfaces
of the first and the second contact section are pressed against each other, the second sections of the clamping elements serving
as abutments.

US Pat. No. 9,350,287

VEHICLE WITH ELECTRICAL MACHINE AND METHOD FOR OPERATING THE SAME

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A vehicle having a multiphase electric machine comprising a first onboard power subsystem provided with a first nominal
DC voltage level, and a second onboard power subsystem provided with a second nominal DC voltage level, wherein the electric
machine comprises a rotor, a first stator system, and a second stator system, the first onboard power subsystem comprises
a first inverter having a first intermediate circuit capacitor, the first stator system is dedicated to the first inverter,
the second onboard power subsystem comprises a second inverter having a second intermediate circuit capacitor, and the second
stator system is dedicated to the second inverter, wherein
the first stator system is configured in a star connection,
the second stator system is configured in a star connection, and
a transfer circuit connects the star point of the first stator system to the star point of the second stator system,
wherein the transfer circuit comprises a first diode and a second diode, wherein the first diode and the second diode are
series connected in opposite directions.

US Pat. No. 9,260,153

VEHICLE IN PARTICULAR A MOTORCYCLE AND ENGINE/GEARBOX UNIT FOR A VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. An engine/transmission unit for installation in a vehicle, comprising:
an engine having a crankshaft, the engine being configured such that when installed in the vehicle the crankshaft extends
transversely to a longitudinal direction of the vehicle;

a transmission having
a transmission input pinion fixed to a transmission input shaft, the transmission input shaft being arranged parallel to and
spaced apart from the crankshaft and located in the longitudinal direction behind the crankshaft, and

a transmission output shaft configured to deliver torque to a vehicle drive element located outside of a housing containing
the transmission that is directly coupled to the transmission output shaft, the transmission output shaft being arranged parallel
to and spaced apart from the transmission input shaft and located in the longitudinal direction behind the transmission input
shaft;

a clutch having an open state and a closed state, the clutch allowing transmission of torque from the crankshaft to the transmission
in the closed state,

wherein
the clutch is situated coaxially on the crankshaft,
a drive element of the clutch is connected rotationally fixed to the crankshaft and an output element of the clutch is rotatable
in relation to the crankshaft,

the output element of the clutch is a clutch basket in which lamellae are suspended radially between the clutch basket and
the drive element of the clutch, and the output element of the clutch mechanically engages or is integrally formed with a
primary pinion rotatably mounted on the crankshaft,

the primary pinion engages with an intermediate drive formed by an intermediate wheel situated on an intermediate shaft parallel
to and spaced apart from the crankshaft and located in the longitudinal direction behind the crankshaft,

the intermediate wheel includes a gearwheel rotationally and axially fixed on the intermediate shaft, and
the transmission input pinion of the transmission input shaft is constantly engaged with the gearwheel of the intermediate
drive and offset from the crankshaft.

US Pat. No. 9,105,949

CELL CONNECTOR

ElringKlinger AG, Dettin...

12. An electro-chemical device comprising at least a first electro-chemical cell having a first cell terminal, a second electro-chemical
cell having a second cell terminal and a cell connector which connects the first cell terminal of the first electro-chemical
cell and the second cell terminal of the second electro-chemical cell of the electro-chemical device in an electrically conductive
manner,
wherein the cell connector comprises a base body consisting of an electrically conductive material and a temperature sensing
element fixed to the base body,

wherein the base body comprises a temperature sensing element holder in which the temperature sensing element is at least
partly accommodated,

wherein the temperature sensing element holder comprises a pocket for accommodating the temperature sensing element and the
temperature sensing element holder further comprises a flap for restraining the temperature sensing element in the pocket,

wherein the flap is connected to the pocket by a web member, and
wherein the web member is bounded by at least one recess so that an extent of the web member in a longitudinal direction of
the temperature sensing element is smaller than the extent of the flap in the same direction and smaller than the extent of
the pocket in the same direction.

US Pat. No. 9,394,023

MOTORCYCLE SEAT BENCH

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A motorcycle seat system, comprising:
a motorcycle seat configured to be aligned in a longitudinal direction of a vehicle when installed on the vehicle;
a spring-and-damper system arranged underneath a surface of the seat to reduce motion being transferred from the vehicle to
a vehicle occupant on the seat;

a front wheel sensor located in the vicinity of a front wheel axle of the vehicle; and
an electronic regulating/control system,
wherein
the spring-and-damper system is arranged between a top plate and a bottom plate of the seat or in a plane of one of the two
seat plates,

the spring-and-damper system is mechanically independent from a vehicle wheel suspension, and
the electronic regulating/control system controls a damping of motion of the spring-and-damper system in response to signals
from the front wheel sensor.

US Pat. No. 9,221,383

MODULAR CENTRAL INSTRUMENT

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A central instrument for a center console of a motor vehicle, comprising:
a round display in which a plurality of vehicle-relevant information are displayed; and
a demountable edge body operatively arranged on an edge of the round display, wherein the edge body is demountable from the
round display,

wherein the round display comprises multiple light sources, the light sources being freely controllable with regard to brightness
of the light sources and variably controllable during an operating phase of the motor vehicle in order to generate a luminous
shape that varies over time,

wherein the luminous shape is configured to vary in a repeating fashion to supply vehicle-relevant information on at least
one of a condition and function of at least one of the motor vehicle and a component of the motor vehicle, and

wherein the edge body comprises a scale configured to implement a progress bar corresponding to the luminous shape.

US Pat. No. 9,184,475

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING AT LEAST ONE OPERATING PARAMETER THAT INFLUENCES THE AGING STATE OF AN ELECTRICAL ENERGY STORE IN AN OPEN-LOOP OR CLOSED-LOOP MANNER

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for open-loop or closed-loop control of at least one operating parameter of an electric energy accumulator that
influences an aging state of the electric energy accumulator, the method comprising the acts of:
determining an actual aging stage of the electric energy accumulator, wherein the electric energy accumulator has a predefined
target service life;

comparing the determined actual aging stage with a target aging state, the target aging state being predefined, as a function
of the predefined target service life, for a momentary age of the electric energy accumulator; and

restricting an operating parameter range permitted for the at least one operating parameter if the actual aging state is worse
than the target aging state.

US Pat. No. 9,254,859

MOTOR VEHICLE STEERING WHEEL HAVING OPERATING ELEMENTS AND METHOD OF OPERATING SAME

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

17. A method of operating a longitudinally dynamic control system of a motor vehicle, the method comprising the acts of:
operating an adjusting element arranged on a steering wheel of the motor vehicle in order to operate the longitudinally dynamic
control system;

wherein the adjusting element is actuatable in two opposite actuating directions in order to predefine a direction of change
of a set speed value based on the actuating direction; and

wherein the adjusting element is further actuatable beyond at least two perceptible pressure points in each of the two actuating
directions in which an extent of actuation of the adjusting element corresponds to a predefined extent of speed change of
the set speed value,

wherein a first extent of speed change of the set speed value is associated with overcoming a first of the at least two perceptible
pressure points of the adjusting element, and wherein the motor vehicle changes to a first new speed as a result of overcoming
the first perceptible pressure point, where the difference between the first new speed and a speed of the motor vehicle before
the first perceptible pressure point is overcome is equal to the first extent of speed change, and

wherein a second extent of speed change of the set speed value is associated with a second of the at least two perceptible
pressure points of the adjusting element, and wherein the motor vehicle changes to a second new speed as a result of overcoming
the second perceptible pressure point, where the difference between the second new speed and a speed of the motor vehicle
before the second perceptible pressure point is overcome is equal to the second extent of speed change.

US Pat. No. 9,196,248

VOICE-INTERFACED IN-VEHICLE ASSISTANCE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for providing voice interaction in a vehicle, the method comprising the acts of:
receiving, by a voice interface server, a voice-based query from a user in the vehicle;
determining, by the voice interface server, an emotional state for the user based on a detected valence and arousal level
associated with the voice-based query;

deriving, by the voice interface server, a text-based query from the voice-based query;
searching, by the voice interface server using the text-based query, a help database for at least one response to the voice-based
query; and

providing, by a voice interface server, the at least one response to the user in the form of voice-based assistance in accordance
with the emotional state of the user.

US Pat. No. 9,323,885

METHOD FOR GENERATING UPDATED VEHICLE WIRING HARNESS DIAGRAMS

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A computer-implement method for generating updated vehicle wiring harness diagrams comprising the acts of:
receiving, by a processor-based computer, a user request to alter vehicle wiring harness data, wherein the vehicle wiring
harness data corresponds to a vehicle wiring harness diagram having a plurality of nodes and a corresponding plurality of
node identification tags (IDs);

reassigning, by the processor-based computer and in accordance with at least one predefined rule, the plurality of node IDs
corresponding to at least the plurality of nodes altered in response to the user request; and

generating, by the processor-based computer, an updated version of said vehicle wiring harness diagram in accordance with
said node ID reassigning.

US Pat. No. 9,187,075

PROTECTION OF AN ALL-WHEEL CLUTCH OF A MOTOR VEHICLE HAVING A CLUTCH-CONTROLLED ALL-WHEEL DRIVE DURING A CRITICAL POWER BRAKING SITUATION INCLUDING A CLUTCH SLIP

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for protecting an all-wheel drive clutch of a motor vehicle having two axles with a clutch-controlled all-wheel
drive and an automatic transmission, wherein a primary axle is driven and a secondary axle is selectively drivable by the
all-wheel drive clutch; said method comprising the acts of:
detecting a power braking situation in which a clutch slip of the all-wheel drive clutch exceeds or is expected to exceed
a predetermined critical amount of clutch slip; and

implementing a protective measure against a thermal overload of the all-wheel drive clutch upon detecting a power braking
situation,

wherein the detecting the power braking situation includes determining whether there exist vehicle operating conditions in
which

both an accelerator pedal and a brake pedal are actuated,
the vehicle is essentially stationary in a vehicle longitudinal direction while the brake pedal is actuated and brakes of
the secondary axle is applied to inhibit secondary axle wheel motion,

at least one of a plurality of wheels of the primary axle spins, and
a clutch slip occurs at the all-wheel drive clutch, and
wherein the implementing the protective measure includes
determining an engine torque output based on a non-predetermined braking torque at which the plurality of primary axle wheels
do not spin; and

reducing or limiting the engine torque output to or below the determined engine torque output at which the plurality of primary
axle wheels do not spin.

US Pat. No. 9,099,002

VEHICLE HAVING A DEVICE FOR INFLUENCING THE ATTENTIVENESS OF THE DRIVER AND FOR DETERMINING THE VIEWING DIRECTION OF THE DRIVER

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A motor vehicle, comprising:
a display unit configured to display information content;
a central operating panel associated with the display unit;
a system configured to detect a danger in traffic and issue a warning regarding a detected danger;
a computing unit configured to:
ascertain a viewing probability of a driver of the motor vehicle looking in a direction of the display unit during an operating
sequence and at a viewing point-in-time,

in ascertaining the viewing probability, takes into consideration an interaction of the driver with the vehicle, and
control the system to issue the warning as a function of the ascertained viewing probability.

US Pat. No. 9,429,816

CAMERA SYSTEM FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A camera system for a motor vehicle, comprising:
a swivelable decorative part of the motor vehicle, wherein the decorative part comprises a decorative side of an essentially
flat carrier plate that swivels between at least a first stable swiveling position and a second stable swiveling position;

a deflection mirror structurally coupled to the essentially flat carrier plate of the swivelable decorative part situated
opposite the decorative side of the decorative part; and

a camera operatively mounted on the vehicle such that when the decorative part is in the second stable swiveling position,
the decorative side of the decorative part is turned to an exterior of the motor vehicle so as to physically partition the
camera from the exterior of the vehicle, and when the decorative part is in the first stable swiveling position, the deflective
mirror is turned to the exterior of the motor vehicle,

wherein the camera is further operatively mounted such that incident radiation is directed via the deflection mirror to the
camera when the decorative part is in the first stable swiveling position.

US Pat. No. 9,331,257

THERMOELECTRIC MODULE WITH A HEAT CONDUCTING LAYER AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING A THERMOELECTRIC MODULE

EMITEC Gesellschaft fuer ...

1. A tubular thermoelectric module, comprising:
an inner tube and a calibrated outer tube, one of said inner and calibrated outer tubes forming a cold side of the tubular
thermoelectric module, and the other of said inner and calibrated outer tubes forming a hot side of the tubular thermoelectric
module;

annular or annular segment-shaped thermoelectric elements disposed on said inner tube between said inner tube and said calibrated
outer tube;

electrically conducting bridge elements electrically conductively interconnecting said annular or annular segment-shaped thermoelectric
elements and forming a first tubular assembly with an outer circumferential surface;

at least one compressible heat conducting layer disposed on said outer circumferential surface between said annular or annular
segment-shaped thermoelectric elements and at least one of said inner tube or said calibrated outer tube, said at least one
compressible heat conducting layer having a thickness;

said at least one compressible heat conducting layer being compressed by said calibrated outer tube by at least 5 Vol.-% in
a temperature range of 80 to 550° C. at a surface pressure of up to 60 Newton/cm2 and thus being reduced in its thickness; and

said calibrated outer tube being disposed outside said at least one compressible heat conducting layer.

US Pat. No. 9,283,906

VEHICLE WITH A POWER DISTRIBUTOR CONTROL UNIT, AND BISTABLE RELAY

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A vehicle, comprising:
a control unit;
a power distributor comprising a bistable relay having at least one coil;
wherein the bistable relay comprises an integrated circuit, the bistable relay being settable to first and second switching
states;

wherein the control unit is operatively configured to activate the integrated circuit of the bistable relay via a single control
line, the control unit defining one of the first and second switching states by way of a control signal, wherein the control
unit is electrically connected to the bistable relay only by way of the single control line;

wherein the control unit applies a first control voltage or a second control voltage as the control signal to the single control
line, the first control voltage corresponding to the first switching state and the second control voltage corresponding to
the second switching state; and

wherein the integrated circuit is operatively configured to switch a current pulse through the at least one coil in order
to set the bistable relay to the switching state defined by the control unit.

US Pat. No. 9,221,410

VEHICLE HAVING ELECTRICAL CONSUMERS INTEGRATED WITH A PHYSICAL ONBOARD POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A vehicle with an internal combustion engine, with a physical onboard power supply system and with at least one electrical
energy source, wherein electrical consumers are integrated in the physical onboard power supply system, wherein, when the
internal combustion engine is switched off or when the internal combustion engine is running at a low rotational speed, each
of the electrical consumers is assignable by a control device, on a time-dependent basis, to either a first group of electrical
consumers or a second group of electrical consumers, wherein the assignment of an electrical consumer to either of the two
groups can be displayed on a display screen to the user of the vehicle, an electrical consumer of the first group is at least
partly able to be switched on and off by a user, an electrical consumer of the second group cannot be switched by a user,
and an electrical consumer which is switched on at least partly can be supplied with electrical power from the at least one
electrical energy source, wherein an energy state of the at least one electrical energy source can be displayed to the user
on a time-dependent basis.

US Pat. No. 9,470,164

PROCESS AND SYSTEM FOR THE RAPID AND SAFE ACTIVATION OF FUEL PUMPS

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A process for activating a fuel pump having a definable fallback level for a delivery volume of the fuel pump, the process
comprising the acts of:
recognizing a possible crash situation;
defining a fallback level as a first delivery volume value, which is assigned to a closing position of the fuel pump, in response
to the recognizing of the possible crash situation; and

recognizing an actual crash situation, wherein the step of the defining the fallback level occurs before the step of recognizing
the actual crash situation.

US Pat. No. 9,318,683

THERMOELECTRIC MODULE FOR A THERMOELECTRIC GENERATOR OF A VEHICLE AND VEHICLE HAVING THERMOELECTRIC MODULES

EMITEC Gesellschaft fuer ...

1. A thermoelectric module, comprising:
an inner circumferential surface having an axis;
an outer circumferential surface;
a plurality of semiconductor elements with thermoelectric material disposed in a direction of said axis between said inner
circumferential surface and said outer circumferential surface and said semiconductor elements including at least one p-doped
semiconductor element and at least one n-doped semiconductor element electrically interconnected in alternation;

at least inner frame parts forming an interrupted inner circumferential surface or outer frame parts forming an interrupted
outer circumferential surface;

at least one part of said plurality of semiconductor elements having at least one of said inner frame parts or at least one
of said outer frame parts; and

an inherently unstable casing provided on said interrupted inner circumferential surface or said interrupted outer circumferential
surface, said inherently unstable casing forming a circumferential surface directly adjacent heating medium passing the inner
circumferential surface of the thermoelectric module or cooling medium passing the outer circumferential surface and protecting
said plurality of semiconductor elements from the cooling or heating medium.

US Pat. No. 9,469,351

STRUCTURE FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE, IN PARTICULAR A PASSENGER VEHICLE, AS WELL AS A METHOD FOR PRODUCING SUCH A STRUCTURE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A structure for a motor vehicle, comprising:
a front wall delimiting toward a front in a longitudinal direction a passenger cabin of the motor vehicle;
lateral vehicle pillars of the motor vehicle, the front wall extending between the lateral vehicle pillars;
a carrier element extending in a transverse direction of the motor vehicle, the carrier element being supported by a front
side of the front wall and, at least to some extent, overlapping the lateral vehicle pillars; and

at least one support element configured for at least one of a spring and damping element of a chassis of the motor vehicle,
wherein

the support element is supported by the carrier element in the longitudinal direction of the motor vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,371,095

MOTOR VEHICLE BODY HAVING A REAR FLOOR AND A CROSS-MEMBER

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A motor vehicle body, comprising:
a body center section, wherein
the body center section includes a rear floor and a cross member connected to the rear floor, and
the rear floor and the cross member are made of fiber-reinforced plastic material, wherein
the cross member together with a front end region of the rear floor form a closed hollow section, and
the cross member forms an outermost surface of the closed hollow section.

US Pat. No. 9,322,379

PROCESS FOR PREPARING A DEFINED STARTING OPERATION SELECTABLE BY THE DRIVER

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A process for preparing a defined starting operation of a motor vehicle equipped with a starting element arranged between
an engine and a transmission, the process comprising the acts of:
in an event of a maximal power demand by a driver and a selection of the defined starting operation by the driver, setting
a rotational speed or torque of the engine to a specified value via an electronic control unit, wherein

the specified value is automatically determined as a function of a determined friction parameter, by which friction parameter
at least one relative prediction concerning a transmissible drive torque to be expected for an acceleration operation can
he made such that, by use of the specified value, a maximally possible drive torque is achieved for an optimum possible acceleration
during the starting operation and acceleration operating following the preparing the defined starting operation, and

the friction parameter being determined as a function of a state variable determined during a preceding defined starting operation,
the state variable influencing an occurring drive torque.

US Pat. No. 9,448,082

METHOD FOR OPERATING A HYBRID DRIVE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for operating a hybrid drive in a vehicle, the hybrid drive being operable at least selectively in a first operating
mode powered by only an internal combustion engine or in a second operating mode powered by only an electric motor, the method
comprising the acts of:
determining, prior to a start of a trip by the vehicle equipped with the hybrid drive, an entire route that extends from a
start to a destination;

segmenting the entire route into a plurality of route sections according to a pre-defined logic;
from the plurality of route sections, selecting certain route sections that are to be considered for travel by the vehicle
in the second operating mode based on specific route section criteria;

from the selected certain route sections, identifying particular route sections in which travel through those route sections
in the second operating mode in total produces a maximum fuel consumption advantage over traveling in the first operating
mode;

joining together in a consecutive fashion individual certain route sections with similar average speed to that of an expected
average speed of the entire route to form joint sections that in the aggregate are larger in length than a length of the individual
certain route sections with the similar average speed;

generating an optimized route using at least the joint sections; and
operating the hybrid drive in the vehicle in the second operating mode when traveling along the optimized route.

US Pat. No. 9,286,244

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR MONITORING AN UNAUTHORIZED MEMORY ACCESS OF A COMPUTING DEVICE, IN PARTICULAR IN A MOTOR VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for monitoring an unauthorized memory access to a predetermined memory area in a computing device, comprising
the acts of:
providing a sequence pattern in the computing device, wherein the sequence pattern is processor executable software code which,
when executed by a processor, defines the function of the computing device;

providing a monitoring medium, having only software code sections, having at least one sensor medium which is adapted to recognize
an event of the computing device, and at least one recognition medium, adapted to track a behavior of the event recognized
by the sensor medium;

integrating the monitoring medium in the sequence pattern by inserting all of the software code sections comprising the monitoring
medium into the processor executable software code comprising the sequence pattern; and

monitoring the sequence pattern at its runtime, and detecting using only the software code sections that comprise the monitoring
medium, as the event, attempted memory accesses to one of an unauthorized memory address and an unauthorized address range,

wherein said sequence pattern and monitoring medium are both executed by said processor during said monitoring such that said
detecting attempted memory accesses is carried out using only said processor.

US Pat. No. 9,267,806

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR AUTOMATICALLY RECEIVING GEO-RELEVANT INFORMATION IN A VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for automatically presenting, in a vehicle, path-relevant information to a vehicle operator, the method comprising
the acts of:
recording, by an HTML5 web application executing on an onboard vehicle computer in a local web storage of the HTML5 web application,
vehicle route data during vehicle travel;

generating, by the HTML5 web application executing on the onboard vehicle computer, one or more route prediction models using
the vehicle route data;

predicting, by the HTML5 web application executing on the onboard vehicle computer, a vehicle route based on the one or more
route prediction models;

transmitting, by the HTML5 web application executing on the onboard vehicle computer, coordinate data corresponding to the
predicted vehicle route to a backend server over a wireless network connection;

wherein transmitting the coordinate data comprises transmitting, by the HTML5 web application, coordinate data corresponding
to a portion of the predicted vehicle route to the backend server, wherein the portion corresponds to a non-destination;

receiving, by the HTML5 web application executing on the onboard vehicle computer and in response to the transmitted coordinate
data, path-relevant information from the backend server over the wireless network connection, wherein the path-relevant information
includes information corresponding to at least one non-destination location along the predicted vehicle route;

wherein receiving the path-relevant information comprises receiving, by the HTML5 web application and in response to the transmitted
portion of the predicted vehicle route, path-relevant information corresponding to only the transmitted portion of the predicted
vehicle route; and

presenting at least a portion of the path-relevant information to the vehicle operator.

US Pat. No. 9,457,813

CARRIAGEWAY RECOGNITION

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for providing an assessment of whether a roadway is directional, comprising the acts of:
stipulating a dimension if not previously calculated;
receiving an output from an apparatus for environment recognition for a vehicle, which output is based on recognition of an
environment of the vehicle at one instant, wherein the apparatus for environment recognition comprises at least one of a video
camera, a radar, a lidar, an ultrasonic sensor, and a navigation system of the vehicle;

associating a factor with the output, wherein the factor is based on a speed of the vehicle at the instant associated with
the output;

mapping the output into a rating value in accordance with a predefined mapping specification;
associating the factor with the rating value;
calculating the dimension based on a sum that is based on the rating value weighted with the associated factor, and on the
previously calculated or stipulated dimension;

providing the dimension to at least one of an emergency steering assistant, a congestion assistant and/or automatic cruise
control of the vehicle; and

activating the at least one of the emergency steering assistant, the congestion assistant and the automatic cruise control
based on the dimension.

US Pat. No. 9,376,019

METHOD FOR OPERATING A CONTROL DEVICE FOR A DISPLAY IN A MOTOR VEHICLE AND CORRESPONDINGLY FUNCTIONING CONTROL DEVICE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for operating a control device for a display arranged in a vehicle, the control device being embodied to determine
display data for at least one display element, and the display being embodied to visually signal a specific display element
as a function of the determined display data for the specific display element, the method comprising the acts of:
for a specific display element, determining an estimated updating time period for updating the specific display element;
determining a remaining time period available for updating the display data of the specific display element as a function
of the pre-specified image rate; and

controlling the updating of the display data for the specific display element as a function of each of the estimated updating
time period, the remaining time period, and a pre-specified image rate.

US Pat. No. 9,136,039

CELL CONNECTOR

ElringKlinger AG, Dettin...

1. A cell connector for the electrically conductive connection of a first cell terminal of a first electrochemical cell and
a second cell terminal of a second electrochemical cell of an electrochemical device, the cell connector comprising a first
contact region for connection to the first cell terminal and a second contact region for connection to the second cell terminal,wherein the cell connector comprises a base body made of two or more material layers, at least two material layers being connected
to one another in one piece along a fold line,
wherein at least two material layers lie substantially flat on one another,
wherein the base body of the cell connector has a resiliently and/or plastically deformable compensation region, which connects
the first contact region and the second contact region to one another and allows a movement of these contact regions relative
to one another,

wherein the compensation region has a corrugated structure, the corrugated structure comprising one or more corrugations with
an amplitude directed parallel to an axial direction of the electrochemical cells to be connected by the cell connector, and

wherein the compensation region is configured in two or more material layers lying on one another.

US Pat. No. 9,050,872

VEHICLE WHEEL SUSPENSION WITH WHEEL LOAD VARIATION VIA A DEFLECTION LEVER

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A vehicle wheel suspension, comprising:
a wheel carrier of the wheel suspension;
a first suspension spring arranged in a load path by which a vehicle body is proportionally supported on the wheel carrier;
a shift lever provided in the load path, the shift lever being swivelably disposed at the vehicle body or an axial carrier
with respect to the vehicle body;

an actuator configured to change a transmission ratio at the shift lever, wherein a wheel load acting upon a pertaining wheel
via the load path is changeable by changing the transmission ratio; and

a second suspension spring configured as part of an additional load path effective between the vehicle body and the pertaining
wheel.

US Pat. No. 9,303,585

HOUSING WITH A BORE FOR AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A housing for an internal-combustion engine, comprising:
a bore of the housing, the bore being formed of at least two bore sections arranged at a distance from each other in the housing
and, providing a bearing tunnel; and

a counterbearing in one-piece with the housing, the counterbearing being configured at one side of the housing to radially
support a rotating machining tool axially inserted into the bore from an opposite side of the housing, wherein

the counterbearing is axially and radially separated from a fastening portion that fastens a crankshaft to the housing.

US Pat. No. 9,221,323

SEALING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR AN OPENING IN THE SHELL OF A FLAP, IN PARTICULAR A TAILGATE OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A flap of a motor vehicle, comprising:
an exterior flap wall having at least two exterior wall parts which respectively have on facing circumferential wall areas
an inwardly angled-away peripheral area, outer facing sides of the peripheral areas being connected to one another;

an interior flap wall with at least one interior wall part, the interior flap wall being connected at a distance from the
angled-away peripheral areas of the exterior wall parts to at least one circumferential area of the exterior flap wall, wherein
the interior flap wall forms a gap with the exterior flap wall in an area of the angled-away peripheral areas of the exterior
wall parts; and

a gap filler piece arranged, in a closed position, to seal the gap, wherein the gap filler piece is moved into the closed
position before connecting the exterior flap wall with the interior flap wall and, after connecting the exterior flap wall
with the interior flap wall, the gap filler piece seals the gap alone or with a gap sealant.

US Pat. No. 9,156,514

ADJUSTMENT DEVICE FOR ADJUSTING THE POSITION OF A WINDSCREEN

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. An adjustment device for adjusting a windscreen of a vehicle, comprising:
a windscreen holder which is connectable to the windscreen;
a carrier structure which is fastenable to the vehicle;
a slider crank, wherein the slider crank is pivotable about a first pivot axis connected with the carrier structure and pivotable
about a second pivot axis connected with the windscreen holder; and

a linear guide, wherein
the windscreen holder is guided by a pivot bearing arrangement that is linearly movable in a longitudinal direction of the
linear guide and the windscreen holder is pivotable about a third pivot axis, the first, second and third pivot axes being
oriented parallel to one another.

US Pat. No. 9,096,161

VEHICLE DRIVER ASSISTANT WITH AN ELECTRONIC CONTROL DEVICE FOR CHECKING THE CLEARANCE POSSIBILITY FOR A VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A vehicle driver assistant for a vehicle, comprising:
an electronic control device operatively configured to check a clearance possibility for the vehicle below an upper obstruction
as a function of an overall vehicle height, wherein

the electronic control device is operatively coupleable with an input unit, and
wherein the input unit is configured to receive an actual overall vehicle height that includes a load on the vehicle extending
vertically beyond a roof of the vehicle, the actual overall vehicle height being received as a photo input of the vehicle
on the load, wherein a known vehicle height of the vehicle without the load is previously stored in a data memory of the electronic
control device or the input unit, wherein the electronic control device is configured to determine said actual overall vehicle
height with the load as a function of the stored vehicle height without the load.

US Pat. No. 9,212,590

INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE HAVING AN EXHAUST GAS SYSTEM

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method of operating an internal-combustion engine having at least one combustion chamber with an exhaust gas outlet port
and an exhaust system arranged on the exhaust gas outlet port, a secondary air injection site configured to inject secondary
air into the exhaust system between the at least one combustion chamber and a downstream emission control system, the method
of operating the internal-combustion engine comprising the acts of:
changing a residual gas content in the at least one combustion chamber during operation of the internal-combustion engine;
injecting the secondary air into the exhaust system at the secondary air injection site; and
drawing the injected secondary air back into the exhaust gas outlet port but not back into the at least one combustion chamber.

US Pat. No. 9,188,726

LIGHTING DEVICE FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A lighting device for a motor vehicle, comprising:
a laser light source;
an optical waveguide for total reflective guidance of light along a light propagation direction, the optical waveguide having
a coupling-in surface on a face thereof, a coupling-out surface arranged along the light propagation direction and an exit
surface arranged along the light propagation direction, wherein

light of the laser light source is coupled-in to the optical waveguide via the coupling-in surface;
a collimator arranged to convert the light of the laser light source at the coupling-in surface of the optical waveguide to
a collimated ray beam, wherein the collimator comprises a curved face of the optical waveguide, on which the light of the
laser light source is diffracted or reflected; and

the coupling-out surface couples out the light at the exit surface where a total-reflection condition does not exist.

US Pat. No. 9,115,640

INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE WITH A FIRST AND A SECOND INJECTER

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. An internal combustion engine, comprising:
a cylinder in a crank case of the internal combustion engine;
a combustion chamber in the cylinder, the combustion chamber being delimited on one side by a piston arranged in the cylinder
that performs a stroke motion and on another side by a cylinder head;

at least one gas exchange inlet valve and one gas exchange outlet valve provided in the cylinder head for a charge exchange;
first and second injectors configured to inject fuel directly into the combustion chamber in the cylinder, wherein
the first injector is arranged oriented largely in a direction of a cylinder axis of the cylinder, and the second injector
is arranged oriented at an angle to the cylinder axis, and

a maximum of 80% of a full-load fuel quantity required by the internal combustion engine for a full load is introducible into
the cylinder via the first injector and a maximum of 50% of said full-load fuel quantity is introducible via the second injector.

US Pat. No. 9,088,737

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR VISUALIZING THE SURROUNDINGS OF A VEHICLE BY FUSING AN INFRARED IMAGE AND A VISUAL IMAGE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for visualizing surroundings of a vehicle, the method comprising the acts of:
obtaining, by a visual camera, a visual image containing digital data of the surroundings, in order to show visually perceptible
objects;

obtaining, by an infrared camera, an infrared image containing digital data of the surroundings, in order to show infrared
radiation emitted by the visually perceptible objects and/or other objects, wherein the visual camera and the infrared camera
form a camera system;

calibrating the camera system with respect to a fixed distance corresponding to one of a close range and a far range;
fusing, by an image processing unit in the vehicle, the visual image and the infrared image into a target image, which target
image is representable in a display unit, in order to simplify an allocation of the infrared radiation emitting objects in
a recorded environment, and

interrupting the fusing of the visual image and the infrared image automatically by the image processing unit in response
to an orientation error exceeding a threshold, which is a function of an environment parameter, in order to represent only
one of the visual and infrared images, or none of the images, as the target image, wherein the orientation error is a parallax
error owing to the offset optical axes of cameras used to obtain the visual image and the infrared image, respectively, said
orientation error occurring in the close range if the fixed distance to which the camera system is calibrated is the far range,
and occurring in the far range if the fixed distance to which the camera is calibrated is the close range.

US Pat. No. 9,170,121

MOTOR VEHICLE NAVIGATION SYSTEM

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A motor vehicle navigation system, comprising:
an acoustic output device for outputting acoustic driving maneuver information; and
a processor operatively configured to:
determine a route to be traveled,
determine driving maneuver information based on the route to be traveled and an actual position,
compute at least one alternate route based on an assumption that the determined driving maneuver information is not followed,
and

determine whether or not to acoustically emit via the acoustic output device the determined driving maneuver information as
a function of a difference between the route to be traveled and the alternate route with respect to at least one of an expected
driving time, driving distance, and driving cost, wherein:

the determined driving maneuver information is acoustically emitted only if at least one of the expected driving time, driving
distance, and driving cost of the alternate route exceeds the respective at least one of the expected driving time, driving
distance, and driving cost of the route to be traveled by at least a predefined value, and

the determined driving maneuver information is not acoustically emitted if the at least one of the expected driving time,
driving distance, and driving cost of the alternate route does not exceed the respective at least one of the expected driving
time, driving distance, and driving cost of the route to be traveled by at least the predefined value.

US Pat. No. 9,473,579

CONTROL OF VEHICLE COMMUNICATION USING TWO PROTOCOLS

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A communication device for a vehicle that communicates with a server, comprising:
a first communication unit configured to communicate with the server via a first communication protocol, the first communication
unit comprising a first interface for establishing the communication between the first communication unit and the server;

a second communication unit configured to communicate with at least one further vehicle via a second communication protocol,
the second communication unit comprising a second interface for establishing the communication between the second communication
unit and the at least one further vehicle, wherein

the first communication unit is configured to receive control information from the server for the second communication protocol,
and to forward the control information to the second communication unit, and

the second communication unit is configured to perform, depending on the forwarded control information, at least one predetermined
setting for communicating with the at least one further vehicle by way of the second communication protocol.

US Pat. No. 9,462,615

ESTABLISHING A VOICE CONNECTION BETWEEN THE DRIVER OF A SINGLE-TRACK VEHICLE AND AN EMERGENCY CALL CENTER

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method of establishing a voice connection between a mobile radio device carried by a driver of a single-track vehicle
and an emergency call center, the method comprising the acts of:
transmitting emergency call signals, by a telematics unit provided on the single-track vehicle, to the emergency call center;
transmitting, by the telematics unit to the emergency call center in connection with said transmitting of the emergency call
signals, a mobile phone number of the mobile radio device carried by the driver of the single-track vehicle; and

establishing, via the mobile radio device, the voice connection to the driver, wherein the voice connection is initiated by
the emergency call center using the transmitted mobile phone number.

US Pat. No. 9,393,930

PEDESTRIAN SAFETY DEVICE FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A pedestrian safety device for a motor vehicle, comprising:
an inflatable airbag comprising a volume portion and a gas inlet channel, the gas inlet channel being connected with the volume
portion;

at least one extendable or separable safety strap configured to allow a displacement of an inflated volume portion in an impact
direction, the at least one extendable or separable safety strap holding the volume portion in a first position and being
extendable or separable under stress caused by a collision of a person so that the the volume portion is displaceable to at
least a second position, wherein

the volume portion is adapted such that in an inflated state the volume portion extends over a windshield of the motor vehicle,
and

the pedestrian safety device is configured to allow the volume portion, when inflated, to be displaceable in an impact direction
in an event of the collision of the person with the inflated volume portion.

US Pat. No. 9,365,113

CRUISE CONTROL SYSTEM FOR MOTOR VEHICLES

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A cruise control system for a motor vehicle in which the system controls a vehicle speed to a preset desired speed, the
cruise control system comprising:
an operating unit operatively configured for switching the cruise control system on and off;
an accelerator pedal of the vehicle operatively configured to activate a cruise control of the cruise control system and to
preset the desired speed of the vehicle, wherein the cruise control is activated upon one of a release of the accelerator
pedal, or an initial actuation of the accelerator pedal such that the initial actuation of the accelerator pedal causes both
the vehicle to accelerate and the cruise control to be activated; and

a brake pedal of the vehicle operatively configured to interrupt the cruise control when active.

US Pat. No. 9,186,965

MOTOR VEHICLE LIFTGATE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A motor vehicle comprising:
a vehicle body;
a vehicle body opening constructed in the vehicle body;
a liftgate or a trunk lid arranged on the vehicle body opening, wherein the liftgate or the trunk lid is swivelably arranged
on a roof section of the vehicle body, and the liftgate or the trunk lid has a body section and a rear window pane, with at
least one seal, which is arranged on the vehicle body opening for sealing off the liftgate or the trunk lid;

laterally mutually spaced profiles formed at laterally outer regions of the liftgate or the trunk lid, wherein each of the
lateral profiles has a hollow space extending along their respective laterally outer regions at least partially along lateral
outer sides of the rear window pane; and

a device arranged in each of the hollow spaces arranged to provide energy to assist lifting the liftgate or the trunk lid,
wherein each device is arranged between a lateral portion of the roof section of the vehicle body and the corresponding laterally
outer region of the liftgate or the trunk lid.

US Pat. No. 9,356,328

APPARATUS FOR VOLTAGE SUPPLY

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. An arrangement for supplying power to a motor vehicle, comprising:
a cell module having a plurality of storage cells arranged between a first plate-type element and a second plate-type element;
and

a plate-type cooling element thermally conductively connected with bottom sides of the plurality of storage cells, a cooling
duct system being provided in an interior of the plate-type cooling element, wherein the cooling duct system is in a fluidic
connection with a coolant/refrigerant inlet and a coolant/refrigerant outlet,

wherein the coolant/refrigerant inlet and/or the coolant/refrigerant outlet is arranged in an area of a top face of at least
one of the first plate-type element and a second plate-type element,

wherein, in an interior of at least one of the first plate-type element and the second plate-type element, a duct extending
from the cooling duct system to the coolant/refrigerant inlet is provided and a duct extending from the cooling duct system
to the coolant/refrigerant outlet is provided.

US Pat. No. 9,377,322

METHOD FOR OPERATING AN OPTICAL DISPLAY DEVICE OF A VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method of operating an optical display device of a vehicle, wherein
a dataset is determined as a function of a specified navigation information, the dataset having a specified metadata structure
which is suitable for textually characterizing the navigation information, wherein the dataset consists of only non-graphic
text data,

the dataset is transmitted by way of a specified communication interface and, as a function of the dataset received by way
of the communication interface, pixel values are determined for at least a portion of pixels of a digital image and/or a graphic
element, and

a signalization signal is determined for signalizing the pixel values of the pixels by means of the optical display device.

US Pat. No. 9,969,367

AIR-GUIDING ARRANGEMENT AND VEHICLE WITH AT LEAST ONE AIR-GUIDING ARRANGEMENT

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. An air-guiding arrangement for a vehicle, which air-guiding arrangement is arranged in a region in front of a vehicle wheel functionally connected to a braking system, comprising:at least one air-guiding body, which is positioned in front of the vehicle wheel and protrudes downwards from an underbody covering part in the direction of a road; and
at least one duct, which is positioned in the air-guiding body or on a side of the air-guiding body facing away from an exterior side of vehicle, which duct is configured to guide an inflowing air stream in a direction of the braking system,
wherein
the air-guiding body has a first retaining lip, which is arranged between the air-guiding body and the vehicle wheel and which protrudes downwards in the direction of the road beyond the air-guiding body, and
on a side of the at least one duct facing away from the exterior side of the vehicle, a second retaining lip is provided, so that the at least one duct comprises a gap between the first retaining lip and the second retaining lip.

US Pat. No. 9,382,928

COMPONENT CONNECTION AND A METHOD FOR CONNECTING TWO COMPONENTS

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A component connection arrangement, comprising:
a first component having a male fixing element projecting from a surface of the first component, the male fixing element being
a spherical non-resilient male fixing element;

a clip element configured to be located on the male fixing element in at least one of a friction-locking manner and a positive-locking
manner, the clip element being at least one of elastically and plastically deformable; and

a second component on the clip element having a female fixing element at least one of in and on the second component and configured
to engage the clip element,

wherein in a connected state the clip element is located between the male fixing element and the female fixing element, and
the clip element is a cap configured to completely cover the male fixing element and extend up to and rest against a side
of the first component facing the second component.

US Pat. No. 9,174,651

METHOD AND CIRCUIT ARRANGEMENT IN AN ELECTRONIC CONTROL UNIT OF A MOTOR VEHICLE FOR DETECTING FAULTS

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. An arrangement for detecting faults in an electronically controlled drive system of a motor vehicle, comprising:
an electronic control unit for controlling a drive function of the motor vehicle, the electronic control unit having a first
function-controlling level and a second monitoring level, wherein

both the first function-controlling level and second monitoring level of the electronic control unit acquire at least an accelerator
pedal position as an input signal,

the first function-controlling level of the electronic control unit determines a quantity proportional to a desired longitudinal
acceleration and transmits the determined quantity as an input signal to a plausibility block of the second level of the electronic
control unit,

the plausibility block of the second level of the electronic control unit implements at least one fault detection program
to detect a fault when a defined relationship is not satisfied between the accelerator pedal position and/or an accelerator
pedal position change and the determined quantity proportional to the desired longitudinal acceleration,

when no fault is detected, the drive function is implemented, and
when a fault is detected, an emergency operation of the drive function is implemented by the electronic control unit, or the
electronic control unit is switched off completely.

US Pat. No. 9,096,271

AXLE SUPPORT OF A VEHICLE, SAID SUPPORT CONSISTING OF FIBER-REINFORCED PLASTIC MATERIAL

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. An axle support of a vehicle, comprising:
an upper shell formed of a fiber-reinforced plastic material;
a lower shell formed of a fiber-reinforced plastic material;
metal insert parts laminated, at least in sections, into the upper and lower shells, wherein
the upper shell and the lower shell form a hollow body when assembled together, and
screwed connections of the upper shell and the lower shell when assembled together include the metal insert parts.

US Pat. No. 9,292,032

OPERATOR CONTROL DEVICE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. An operator control device for use in operating a plurality of functions, the operator control device comprising:
a first rotary actuator comprising a first rotary body and a first operator control body, the first operator control body
is directly coupled to the first rotary body along only a first attachment side of the first rotary body;

a second rotary actuator comprising a second rotary body and a second operator control body, the second operator control body
being directly coupled with a second attachment side of the second rotary body, wherein the first side attachment side of
the first rotary body is perpendicularly oriented to the second attachment side of the second rotary body;

wherein the first rotary actuator and the second rotary actuator are assigned to operate functions;
wherein the first rotary body and the second rotary body are arranged coaxially so as to be rotatable about a common axis
of rotation; and

wherein at least one of the first operator control body and the second operator control body comprises a grip area operatively
configured as a lever for its respective rotary body.

US Pat. No. 9,267,997

SYSTEMS AND METHODS TO DETERMINE THE CONDITION OF A BATTERY

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for assessing a condition of a battery, the method comprising:
measuring, by a data acquisition board, a terminal voltage of the battery over time while discharging the battery at a predetermined
current;

calculating, by a processor, a first slope of a natural logarithm of a rate of change of a first voltage of the battery over
time based on the terminal voltage of the battery;

comparing, by the processor, the calculated first slope to a threshold slope that is based on measurement of at least one
of a plurality of similar batteries with known condition; and

displaying, by the processor, a result of said comparing on a display, wherein said result corresponds to a damage level of
the battery,

wherein the threshold slope is determined by:
damaging at least one of the plurality of similar batteries,
for each of the at least one of the plurality of similar batteries, recharging the respective battery to an initial state
of charge,

for each of the at least one of the plurality of similar batteries, measuring a terminal voltage of the respective battery
over time while discharging the respective battery at the predetermined current,

for each of the at least one of the plurality of similar batteries, calculating second slope of a natural logarithm of a rate
of change of a second voltage of the respective battery over time based on the terminal voltage of the respective battery,
and

deriving the threshold slope from each of the calculated second slopes.

US Pat. No. 9,952,055

METHOD FOR DETERMINING CORRECTION VALUES FOR A ROUTE CALCULATION ALGORITHM

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for determining for at least one of a navigation system and a driver assistance system with an associated storage unit in a vehicle for storing digital map data, the route being determined based on correction values for a route calculation algorithm based on the digital map data for a route network and a path network in a predefined area, the digital map data comprising:respective nodes in the predefined area and connections between the respective nodes in the predefined area, and
respective edge costs for the respective connections between the nodes,
the method comprising the acts of:
subdividing the predefined area, in a predefined manner, into a plurality of tiles, for which the correction values are determined,
determining one of the tiles in the area respectively as a starting tile and the respective remaining tiles as reference tiles, first special nodes being predefined, which first special nodes are arranged in the starting tile and form a true or artificial subset of all nodes in the starting tile, and second special nodes being predefined, which second special nodes are arranged in the respective reference tile and form a true or artificial subset of all nodes in the respective reference tile,
determining the correction value for the respective starting tile with respect to one of the reference tiles in each case in such a manner that:
a cost ratio is respectively determined for each first special node in the respective starting tile with respect to each second special node in the respective reference tile based on: (i) the edge costs of the connections, which lie between the respective first special node in the starting tile and the respective second special node in the respective reference tile and represent an optimum route between the first respective special node in the starting tile and the respective second special node in the respective reference tile, and (ii) a heuristic value for the respective first special node in the starting tile with respect to the respective second special node in the respective reference tile,
a mean value is determined based on the determined cost ratios, and
the correction value for the starting tile is determined with respect to the respective reference tile based on the mean value,
determining the route from a predefined starting node to a predefined destination node based on a predefined route criterion and based on the digital map data stored in the storage unit such that, for a possible expansion of a respective current node, total costs are determined for the current node based on a sum of edge costs of an optimum route from the starting node to the current node and a destination-node-based heuristic value for the current node, which represents respectively estimated costs from the current node to the destination node, and a destination-node-based correction value for the current node, which is selected from the set of correction values based on the current node and the destination node, and
forwarding the determined route to the at least one of the navigation system and the driver assistance system, and
controlling a predefined vehicle function based on the determined route.

US Pat. No. 9,238,426

METHOD FOR ACTUATING A SEAT

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method of operating a seat having a seat cushion and a backrest, at least one adjusting element being arranged in at
least one of the seat cushion and the backrest, wherein the adjusting element is operatively configured to carry out, in an
action phase, a repeating stroke movement having a stroke length physiologically effective in mobilizing a seat user's pelvis
or back, respectively, the method comprising the acts of:
during an accustomization phase, alternatingly actuating the adjusting element a plurality of times, each of said plurality
of times of alternatingly actuating the adjusting element having a reduced stroke length which is reduced in relation to the
stroke length of the action phase that is physiologically effective, said reduced stroke length not being or minimally being
physiologically effective; and

after said accustomization phase, operating the adjusting element in the action phase to alternatingly actuate the adjusting
element with said stroke length that is physiologically effective.

US Pat. No. 10,152,833

METHOD FOR DETERMINING A DEFECTIVE COMPONENT OF A VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A system for determining defective components of a vehicle, the system comprising:a first sensor system located at a first position in the vehicle;
a sensorless component located between the first position and an outer edge of the vehicle; and
a diagnostic module that detects that the first sensor system is functionally defective, and in response to the detection marks the sensorless component as defective in a database.

US Pat. No. 9,410,615

ACTIVATION APPARATUS FOR A TRANSMISSION OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. An activation apparatus for a transmission of a motor vehicle, comprising:
a gear selector movable in at least one shift gate for selecting different drive programs of the transmission;
a control device operatively coupled with the gear selector, the control device being operable to lock a selection of at least
one drive program of the different drive programs of the transmission;

at least two sensors of differing types designed for detecting a gear selector activation, the at least two sensors being
coupled with the control device; and

wherein the control device is designed to determine a plausibility of detection signals from the at least two sensors, wherein
the detection signals include one or more of: (i) a plausible detection signal indicating that the gear selector activation
was intended and (ii) an implausible detection signal indicating that the gear selector activation was unintended or improper,
and to unlock the selection of the at least one drive program as a function of the plausibility determination.

US Pat. No. 9,333,866

CHARGING DEVICE AND CHARGING METHOD WITH FLOAT-MOUNTED CHARGING UNIT

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A charging arrangement, comprising:
a vehicle having a charging module in an underbody of the vehicle;
a stationary charging station having a charging unit, the charging unit and charging module being configured for an inductive
charging of a battery of the vehicle, wherein

the charging station is disposed close to or in a ground surface,
the charging unit is floatingly disposed in the charging station, wherein the charging unit has a predefined horizontal movement
area,

the charging module has at least one localization magnet and the charging unit has at least one positioning magnet,
the charging unit comprises a primary coil, and
the charging module comprises a secondary coil, wherein
the charging station is at least partially filled with a viscous non-conductive and non-magnetic medium of a first density,
and

the charging unit comprises floating bodies and/or hollow bodies of a second density, the first density being greater than
the second density.

US Pat. No. 9,316,140

COOLING MODULE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A cooling module, comprising:
a first heat exchanger having a catalytic coating;
a second heat exchanger having a catalytic coating, cooling air being flowable through both the first and the second heat
exchanger, wherein

the first and the second heat exchanger are connected in a common frame or directly with one another, and
the second heat exchanger has a greater structural depth in the flow direction of the cooling air from an upstream side to
a downstream side of the second heat exchanger than the first heat exchanger, the second heat exchanger comprising at least
one first and one second partial heat exchanger which are arranged one behind the other in the flow direction of the cooling
air and which are operatively connected with one another.

US Pat. No. 9,296,369

BRAKE CONTROL SYSTEM FOR MOTOR VEHICLES, HAVING AN ELECTRONIC CONTROL DEVICE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A brake control system for a motor vehicle, the motor vehicle having wheel brake cylinders, the brake control system comprising:
an electronic control device;
a brake pedal, via an actuation of which a braking intent is specifiable by a driver;
means for detecting the actuation of the brake pedal based on at least one of a pedal travel, a pedal force and a pilot pressure;
and

a plurality of secondary braking components which are controllable decoupled from the brake pedal for setting a brake pressure
in the wheel brake cylinders as a function of at least one of the pedal travel, the pedal force and the pilot pressure corresponding
to a brake pedal characteristic,

wherein the electronic control device comprises inputs configured to detect a control element signal, vehicle state signals
and vehicle surroundings parameters,

wherein the electronic control device further comprises a function module configured to recognize a defined driving situation
as a function of at least one of the detected vehicle state signals and the detected vehicle surrounding parameters, and

wherein the brake pedal characteristic is variably settable as a function of the recognized driving situation.

US Pat. No. 9,434,256

ARRANGEMENT AND METHOD FOR STABILIZING A VOLTAGE APPLIED TO A FIRST ELECTRIC CONSUMING DEVICE ARRANGED IN AN ONBOARD POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM OF A VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. An arrangement for stabilizing a voltage in a vehicle onboard power supply system having a first, voltage-sensitive electric
consuming device and a second, non-voltage-sensitive electric consuming device, comprising:
a first voltage supply unit configured to provide a supply voltage;
a storage unit configured to store electric energy at least temporarily;
a second voltage supply unit configured to provide a charging voltage;
a switching unit to which at least the first, voltage-sensitive electric consuming device, the storage unit, the first voltage
supply unit and the second voltage supply unit are connected;

a control unit operatively configured to determine whether a stabilization of the voltage applied to the first, voltage-sensitive
electric consuming device is to be carried out, wherein the control unit is further configured such that:

as long as a stabilization is not to be carried out, activate the switching unit to connect the first, voltage-sensitive electric
consuming device to the first voltage supply unit and, as soon as the stabilization is to be carried out, activate the switching
unit to connect the first, voltage-sensitive electric consuming device to a series connection formed by the storage unit and
the first voltage supply unit in order to thereby supply the first, voltage-sensitive electric consuming device with a voltage
provided by the series connection in order to compensate for any reduction of the supply voltage that is present,

subsequent to stabilization having been carried out, in each case, at least temporarily activate the second voltage supply
unit, the second, non-voltage-sensitive electric consuming device and the switching unit, wherein the second voltage supply
unit provides the charging voltage having a value greater than the supply voltage of the first voltage supply unit, and electric
current flows at least temporarily through the second, non-voltage sensitive electric consuming device, and a charging of
the storage unit is made possible by a current path formed by the second voltage supply unit and the second, non-voltage-sensitive
electric consuming device.

US Pat. No. 9,249,724

DEVICE FOR CHANGING A COMPRESSION RATIO OF A RECIPROCATING PISTON INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A device for altering a compression ratio of a reciprocating internal combustion engine, comprising:
a crankshaft drive with a crankshaft with at least one crankpin mounted rotatably on both ends thereof;
a piston arranged in a cylinder of the reciprocating internal combustion engine;
a connecting rod having a functional connection with said crankpin and said piston in a manner allowing conversion a rotational
movement of the crankshaft into a bidirectional, translational movement of the piston with a defined stroke height;

a rotating eccentric with outer teeth arranged between the crankpin and a connecting rod eye of the connecting rod such that
rotation of the rotating eccentric alters the stroke height of the piston;

a first gear with outer teeth arranged to rotate the rotating eccentric, the outer teeth of the first gear meshing with outer
teeth of the rotating eccentric;

a second gear, said first gear being connected in a torque-proof manner axially to the second gear via a shaft arranged parallel
to the crankshaft; and

a third gear rotatable by a control element, said second gear being arranged on and intermeshing with the third gear,
wherein the shaft is arranged parallel and radially distanced from the crankshaft.

US Pat. No. 9,321,427

SAFETY DEVICE FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A safety device for a motor vehicle, comprising:
an inflatable airbag configured to extend over at least a bottom portion of an outer side of a windshield of the motor vehicle
in an inflated condition in order to protect a person colliding with the motor vehicle; and

a gas generator configured to inflate the airbag in an event of a collision with the person, wherein
the airbag comprises first and second compartments,
the first compartment is located adjacent to a bottom end of the windshield in the inflated condition,
the second compartment is located away from the bottom end of the windshield in an upward and rearward direction of the motor
vehicle in the inflated condition,

each of the first and second compartments extends over an entire width of the windshield in a transverse direction of the
motor vehicle, and

the first and second compartments are configured such that during the inflating of the airbag the first compartment is completely
filled at an earlier point-in-time than the second compartment.

US Pat. No. 9,206,762

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR STARTING AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE ARRANGED IN A VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A device for starting an internal-combustion engine arranged in a vehicle, wherein the internal-combustion engine is in
an operative connection with a transmission by way of a separating clutch in order to drive driven wheels of the vehicle,
the separating clutch being operable via a clutch pedal, the device comprising:
an electric machine coupled to the internal-combustion engine and operatively configured for at least temporarily driving
the internal-combustion engine;

a storage unit coupled to the electric machine and operatively configured to supply the electric machine at least temporarily
with electric energy;

a plurality of consumer assemblies coupled to the internal-combustion engine and drivable at least temporarily by the internal-combustion
engine via a respective process-specific connection; and

a control unit coupled to the internal-combustion engine and the plurality of consumer assemblies, the control unit operatively
configured to:

determine that a consumer assembly control condition is present in response to (i) an operative connection between the internal-combustion
engine and the driven wheels being interrupted, and (ii) the internal-combustion engine at least temporarily having a decelerating
internal-combustion engine rotational-speed course, wherein the interruption of the operative connection between the internal-combustion
engine and the driven wheels is determined by evaluating a value representing an actuation of the clutch pedal,

control, in response to determining that the consumer assembly control condition is present, at least one of the plurality
of consumer assemblies in order to generate or increase a load acting upon the internal-combustion engine, thereby reducing
a deceleration time of the internal-combustion engine, and subsequently,

control the electric machine for driving the internal-combustion engine when an internal combustion engine start condition
is present.

US Pat. No. 9,090,141

VEHICLE WHEEL SUSPENSION WITH A HYDRAULIC VIBRATION DAMPER

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A vehicle wheel suspension, comprising:
a hydraulic vibration damper connected in parallel to a suspension spring proportionally supporting the vehicle body, the
vibration damper including:

a dampening housing;
a rebound spring that first becomes effective in an event of larger spring deflection distances,
a spring support piston provided in the damper housing and being displaceable by fluid externally supplied with pressure by
a pump,

a support point of the rebound spring being displaceable in relation to the damper housing of the vibration damper by way
of the spring support piston, wherein:

the pump is connected to a pressure accumulator for said fluid and delivers fluid out of said pressure accumulator into the
damper housing or out of the damper housing back into the pressure accumulator, and

an absolute value of the spring constant of the pressure accumulator is at least on an order of magnitude of the spring constant
of the associated suspension spring or, in the case of multiple suspension springs associated with one pressure accumulator,
the spring constants of the multiple suspension springs, or is greater.

US Pat. No. 9,302,667

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A MOTOR VEHICLE DRIVE TRAIN

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method of controlling a motor vehicle drive train equipped with at least one driving motor, a torque converter and an
automatic transmission, the method comprising the acts of:
providing a creep control, via at least one electronic drive control device, for the motor vehicle drive train; and
activating the creep control independently of a brake actuation, when:
(i) the actual rotational speed of the driving motor is greater than a defined desired rotational speed of the driving motor,
and

(ii) the actual rotational speed of the driving motor, as a minimum possible rotational speed of the driving motor, cannot
be reduced due to at least one certain condition.

US Pat. No. 9,249,848

MOTOR VEHICLE BRAKE DISC

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A brake disc for a disc brake, the brake disc comprising:
a friction ring having six to twelve centering and fastening extensions extending from an inner diameter thereof radially
inward;

a brake disc chamber comprising a brake disc chamber jacket having a brake disc chamber edge at a face side thereof, wherein
the brake disc chamber further comprises centering attachments formed as recesses in the chamber edge or in the chamber edge
and the chamber jacket, the centering and fastening extensions of the friction ring respectively projecting into the recesses
of the brake disc chamber when the friction ring is placed in an axial direction on the face side of the brake disc chamber;
and

a fastening ring mounted at the brake disc chamber edge so as to cover the recesses of the brake disc chamber in which the
centering and fastening extensions of the friction ring project, wherein

the fastening ring fixes the centering and fastening extensions of the friction ring against axial float at the brake disc
chamber in the axial direction, and

the recesses in the brake disc chamber have a depth in the axial direction that is less than the depth of the centering and
fastening extensions, whereby the fastening ring obtains a wavy form after mounting.

US Pat. No. 9,183,743

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ESTIMATING TRAFFIC SIGNAL INFORMATION

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method of estimating traffic signal information and adjusting an operation of an on-board system of a vehicle, the method
comprising:
obtaining positioning system data from each of a plurality of vehicles, wherein said positioning system data for each of the
plurality of vehicles comprises position and velocity of a vehicle as functions of time;

for an intersection having a traffic signal, estimating an average acceleration of the vehicles when leaving the intersection
and an average deceleration of the vehicles when approaching the intersection;

for each of a subset of the vehicles, estimating a stop duration at the intersection based on an estimated stop time, an estimated
start time, the average acceleration, the average deceleration, and the positioning system data for the respective vehicle;

removing vehicles from the subset for which the estimated stop time is greater than the estimated start time;
estimating a duration of a red phase of the traffic signal based on the stop duration of each of the subset of the vehicles;
and

adjusting the operation of the on-board system of the vehicle based, at least in part, on the estimated red phase of the traffic
signal.

US Pat. No. 10,030,624

METHOD FOR AUTOMATICALLY SWITCHING OFF AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for automatically switching off an internal combustion engine in a motor vehicle with an automatic transmission using a start/stop device which initiates measures for automatically switching off the internal combustion engine when the vehicle has been braked to a stop and held at the stop by an actuation of the brake pedal for a specified time interval, wherein during operation of an air-conditioning system of the motor vehicle, at a defined point in time and before the initiating of the measures for automatically switching off the internal combustion engine, the rotational speed of the internal combustion engine is reduced to a specified value which is based on a deactivated state of an air-conditioning system of the motor vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,636,866

METHOD FOR INSPECTING MOUNTING SAFETY, DEVICE FOR CARRYING OUT THE METHOD AND DEVICE FOR ADHESIVE APPLICATION

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for checking security of installation of a joining element to be fixed to a component via an adhesive connection
by a joining apparatus having first and second adhesive receptacles arranged to supply an adhesive to an adhesive applicator,
the adhesive applicator being configured to apply the adhesive to the joining element prior to affixing the joining element
to the component and curing the adhesive by irradiation with light from a light emitter, the method comprising the acts of:
during operation of the joining apparatus monitoring a fill level of each of the first and second adhesive receptacles with
a joining apparatus controller;

determining based on analysis of the adhesive receptacle monitoring by the controller if a lower threshold value of the monitored
fill level of the first adhesive receptacle is reached;

determining, if the lower threshold value of the first adhesive receptacle is determined by the controller to have been reached,
if the monitored fill level of the second adhesive receptacle is higher than the monitored fill level of the first adhesive
receptacle;

if the controller determines that the monitored fill level of the second adhesive receptacle is higher than the monitored
fill level of the first adhesive receptacle, controlling using the controller actuation of a fluidic connection device of
the second adhesive receptacle to establish a fluid connection between the second adhesive receptacle and the adhesive applicator
so as to provide the adhesive from the second adhesive receptacle to the adhesive applicator before the first adhesive receptacle
is empty;

during operation of the joining apparatus monitoring using the controller at least one sensor configured to detect an intensity
of the light radiated from the light emitter; and

if the controller determines that the monitored light intensity is lower than a threshold value of the light received by the
at least one sensor, outputting by the controller a low light intensity signal indicating a need for corrective action.

US Pat. No. 9,517,739

DIAGNOSE ARRANGEMENT FOR A VEHICLE PEDESTRIAN IMPACT SENSOR

AUTOLIV DEVELOPMENT AB, ...

1. A vehicle impact sensor device adapted to detect an impact between a vehicle and a person, wherein the sensor device comprises
a tubular enclosure which encloses a gas-filled space, the tubular enclosure having a first end and a second end and being
arranged to extend along a bumper cover, mainly across a vehicle forward direction of movement, when mounted to a vehicle,
the sensor device further comprising a pressure sensor arranged to detect pressure characteristics in the tubular enclosure,
wherein the sensor device also comprises a gas pulse device which is connected to the tubular enclosure, the gas pulse device
being arranged to insert gas into, or withdraw gas from, the tubular enclosure, wherein the gas pulse device comprises a piston
which has a longitudinal extension and is drivable from a rest position in a direction along its longitudinal extension such
that a gas pulse is created, and wherein the gas pulse device comprises an electromagnetic device which is arranged to drive
the piston.

US Pat. No. 9,409,601

MOTOR VEHICLE HAVING AN AXLE SUPPORT

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A motor vehicle having a vehicle occupant compartment and a front end arranged in front of the vehicle occupant compartment,
a drive unit being arranged in the front end, the motor vehicle comprising:
an axle support arranged between the drive unit and the vehicle occupant compartment, on which axle support vehicle-body-side
linkage points of wheel suspensions of front wheels are mounted;

a rearward-extending support configured to connect a rearward region of the axle support with a supporting vehicle body part
in a forward lower region of the vehicle occupant compartment;

a pyrotechnically releasable connecting element that connects the rearward-extending support with the supporting vehicle body
part; and

a guide arranged between a rearward end region of the rearward-extending support and the supporting vehicle body part, said
guide being configured to permit only a displacement of the rearward end region of the rearward-extending support rearwardly
as viewed in a direction of travel upon release of the pyrotechnically releasable connecting element between the rearward-extending
support and the supporting vehicle body part.

US Pat. No. 9,156,342

VEHICLE COMPRISING A HOUSING OF AN ELECTRIC ENERGY STORE, SAID HOUSING BEING DESIGNED AS A SUPPORTING STRUCTURAL COMPONENT

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A vehicle, having
at least one front wheel;
at least one rear wheel;
an electric drive machine configured to drive at least one of the at least one front wheel and the at least one rear wheel;
a plurality of electrical storage devices; and
a cuboid storage housing configured to receive the plurality of electrical storage devices,
wherein the cuboid storage housing is a load-bearing component of at least one of a frame and a body of the vehicle, and
wherein the cuboid storage housing is waterproof and prevents the penetration of water into an interior of the storage housing.

US Pat. No. 9,555,834

MOTOR VEHICLE BODY DESIGNED FOR A COLLISION WITH SMALL OVERLAP

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A motor vehicle body, comprising:
a longitudinal beam;
a bumper cross member, which is fixed to one end of the longitudinal beam, wherein an end section of the bumper cross member
protrudes over the longitudinal beam in a transverse direction; and

a cantilever beam torsionally, rigidly connected to the longitudinal beam, which protrudes into a space between a wheel mount
and the bumper cross member, wherein

the cantilever beam extends obliquely forward from the longitudinal beam between a transverse vehicle direction and a longitudinal
vehicle direction,

the cantilever beam is provided at an angle of 35° to 55° with respect to the longitudinal beam,
the end section of the bumper cross member is bent toward the cantilever beam,
the cantilever beam and the end section of the bumper cross member are disposed so as to cooperate with each other such that,
during a frontal collision with small overlap, the end section of the bumper cross member deformed by the frontal collision
impacts an end face of the obliquely extending cantilever beam and is supportable at the end face so that further deformation
of the end section of the bumper cross member is prevented, and

the end section of the bumper cross member and the end face of the cantilever beam cooperate during the frontal collision
in such a way that frontal collision forces are laterally deflected.

US Pat. No. 9,499,082

MOTOR VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A motor vehicle having a floor and at least one seat having a seat part and a backrest, the seat being arranged on the
floor, comprising:
a seat frame of the seat part, a swivel axis about which the backrest is swivelable being formed in a rear region of the seat
frame;

one upwardly-projecting backrest strut respectively arranged on each side of the rear region of the seat frame;
one side bar respectively arranged, at a lower end region thereof, on each backrest strut, wherein
each sidebar comprises a front longitudinal profile and a rear longitudinal profile,
the front longitudinal profile has a cross-section configured with elevations and depressions along a longitudinal extent
thereof to permit an elongation of the front longitudinal profile in an event of tensile stress upon the front longitudinal
profile,

the rear longitudinal profile has a meandering cross-section having approximately rectangular sections along the longitudinal
extent thereof to permit a compression of the rear longitudinal profile in an event of a bending moment stress upon the rear
longitudinal profile,

the rectangular sections define open gaps facing away from the front longitudinal profile and, sections of the rectangular
sections that rest against or are spaced at a short distance from an inner surface of the front longitudinal profile define
closed cavities between the open gaps, and

the elongation of the front longitudinal profile and the compression of the rear longitudinal profile are configured to provide
energy absorption.

US Pat. No. 9,493,031

VEHICLE WHEEL

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A vehicle wheel, comprising:
a hub section;
a rim;
a plurality of spokes supporting the rim on the hub section, clearances being provided between two mutually adjacent ones
of the plurality of spokes; and

at least one fiber-reinforced synthetic material covering element operatively configured to cover only a single clearance
between two mutually adjacent spokes;

wherein the two mutually adjacent spokes comprise a stepped section toward an interior side of the vehicle wheel, and the
hub section comprises a stepped section on a side facing the rim in the area of the clearance;

wherein the covering element is secured onto the stepped sections in order to cover the clearance;
wherein at least one additional clearance between two other mutually adjacent spokes are not covered with a covering element;
wherein the plurality of spokes are arranged such that a clearance extending over a large angular segment of the vehicle wheel
alternates with a clearance extending over a smaller angular segment of the vehicle wheel; and

wherein only said clearances extending over the larger angular segments are covered by respective covering elements.

US Pat. No. 9,472,101

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR RECOGNIZING A PARKING PLACE THAT IS POTENTIALLY BECOMING FREE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A mobile system for a vehicle for recognizing a parking place that is potentially becoming free, the mobile system comprising:
at least one sensor for detecting one or more signals;
an evaluation unit for assessing the one or more signals detected by the sensor, wherein the evaluation unit is configured
to:

identify and filter out any signal from the one or more detected signals that signifies one or more parking places is potentially
becoming free,

determine at least one probability associated with the one or more parking places potentially becoming free based on the filtered
signals,

verify the at least one probability using distinct verification analysis, wherein the at least one probability is confirmed
or modified based on the verification, and

assign the verified at least one probability to one or more of: (i) a parking place of the one or more parking places and
(ii) an area encompassing the parking place of the one or more parking places; and

one or more of an optical indicator unit and an acoustic indicator unit for indicating that the parking place is free or potentially
becoming free based on the assigned at least one probability.

US Pat. No. 9,460,343

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR PROACTIVELY RECOGNIZING AN ACTION OF A ROAD USER

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for proactively recognizing an action of a road user in road traffic, the method comprising the acts of:
capturing an image of the road user, which is structured in a pixel-wise manner, by way of at least one camera, and generating
corresponding image data;

grouping pixels from the image data into a corresponding plurality of cells, wherein the image comprises the plurality of
cells;

determining a respective cell centroid based on the image data for each of the plurality of cells;
for each of the pixels, determining a distance from the cell centroids of the plurality of cells, wherein a feature vector
is assigned to each pixel based on coordinates of the respective pixel and the cell centroids; and

comparing the feature vector for each of the pixels to at least one reference vector cluster;
associating a pose, from a predetermined number of poses, with the road user based on said comparing; and
determining an expected action of the road user based at least in part on the associated pose.

US Pat. No. 9,316,274

METHOD FOR OPERATING A POWERTRAIN IN A MOTOR VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for operating a motor vehicle powertrain having an internal-combustion engine and components for coupling the
internal-combustion engine to drive wheels of the motor vehicle in a controllable manner, the method compromising the acts
of:
when the motor vehicle is traveling, decoupling the internal-combustion engine from the drive wheels under predefined operating
conditions in order for the motor vehicle to coast, wherein

a rotational engine speed of the internal-combustion engine is set to a predefined desired rotational idling speed, and
the predefined desired rotational idling speed is variably predefined as a function of a situation of the motor vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,308,896

ELECTROMECHANICAL BRAKE POWER ASSIST UNIT

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. An electromechanical brake power assist unit for a vehicle braking system, comprising:
a master brake cylinder having a piston rod;
a brake pedal by which the piston rod is displaceable in order to build-up or reduce brake pressure, the brake pedal being
pivotably suspended about an axis of rotation;

a single electric motor by which the piston rod is also displaceable, the electric motor being activated as a function of
a pedal path or a pivot angle of the brake pedal such that work applied by a driver to the brake pedal for the build-up of
the brake pressure is less than work required without assistance by the electric motor for corresponding displacement of the
piston rod;

a pedal lever on which the piston rod is supported, the pedal lever being pivotable about an axis of rotation via the brake
pedal,

an auxiliary support provided at the pedal lever and/or at the piston rod, wherein
the axis of rotation of the pedal lever is displaceable via the one electric motor substantially in a displacement direction
of the piston rod of the master brake cylinder, and

in an event of the failure of the electric motor or a linkage of the electric motor for displacing the pedal lever axis of
rotation, the piston rod is supported on the pedal lever between the supporting point of the piston rod and the driver force
introduction point upon a corresponding pivoting movement of the pedal lever.

US Pat. No. 9,207,097

METHOD FOR OPERATING AN INFORMATION SYSTEM, USER DEVICE AND INFORMATION SYSTEM

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for operating an information system, the method comprising the acts of:
determining a current position of a moveable object as a function of at least one position-measuring signal;
determining a current time;
selecting, automatically in response to and as a function of the determined current position of the moveable object and the
determined current time, at least one piece of personalized information with a location reference that corresponds to the
current position of the moveable object and a time reference that corresponds to the current time; and

displaying, on a display of a user device in communication with said information system, the at least one piece of personalized
information, said displaying being performed automatically in response to said selecting.

US Pat. No. 9,184,624

ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM FOR SUPPLYING ELECTRICAL ENERGY TO CONSUMERS IN A VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. An energy storage system for supplying electric energy to consuming devices in a vehicle, the energy storage system comprising:
a first power grid having a first energy accumulator;
a second power grid having a second energy accumulator, the first and second power grids being electrically coupled such that
electric energy from the first power grid is feedable to the second power grid for regenerating the second energy accumulator;
and

wherein the energy storage system is operatively configured to detect when a number of conditions have been met, said number
of conditions comprising at least a condition that an external charging device is coupled to the first power grid for charging
the first energy accumulator, and only in an event that the number of conditions have been met, regenerating of the second
energy accumulator is carried out.

US Pat. No. 9,097,272

FIXING ARRANGEMENT FOR FIXING MOTOR VEHICLE COMPONENTS

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A fixing arrangement for fixing a first motor vehicle component to a second motor vehicle component, the fixing arrangement
comprising:
first and second fixing elements connectable to one another in a positive locking manner, wherein
the second fixing element has a spherically configured pin in a manner of a ball,
the first fixing element has a sleeve configured to fit over the spherically configured pin in order to produce a positive
locking engagement,

the first fixing element has a cap mounted on an outer shell surface of the sleeve so as to be movable in an axial direction
to secure the fixing elements connected to one another in the positive locking manner, and

the sleeve is secured on the spherically configured pin via an axial relative movement of the cap from a defined first position
away from the spherically configured pin into a defined second position nearer the spherically configured pin,

first and second mating groove and bead elements operatively arranged on the outer shell surface of the sleeve and on a corresponding
inner shell surface of the cap, respectively,

wherein the first and second mating groove and bead elements are axially spaced apart from one another to define the defined
first position and the defined second position of the cap relative to the sleeve, and

wherein both the first and second mating groove and bead elements are engaged with one another in the defined second position
in order to secure the sleeve on the spherically configured pin.

US Pat. No. 9,052,148

POWER SUPPLY DEVICE FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A power supply device for a motor vehicle,
comprising:
one or more storage cell modules, each storage cell module comprising at least one of one or more electrochemical storage
cells and double layer capacitors arranged next to and/or on top of one another and coupled to one or more thermally conducting
and mechanically rigid profiles,

wherein the thermally conductive and mechanically rigid profiles comprise aluminum;
a cooler block comprising a holder for the storage cell modules; and
a heat dissipating structure for dissipating heat emitted by the storage cell modules, the heat dissipating structure being
arranged on at least one side of the holder;

wherein the cooler block further comprises a clamping device generating a predefined force by which the heat dissipating structure
is pressable against the one or more thermally conducting and mechanically rigid profiles, and wherein the clamping device
comprises at least one clamping plate having a curvature generating a spring force oriented opposite to the curvature when
the clamping plate is in a clamped, planar position, whereby the clamping plate is, by virtue of the spring force generated
by the curvature, presses the heat dissipating structure against the one or more thermally conducting and mechanically rigid
profiles, said profiles transfer heat from the at least one of one or more electrochemical storage cells and double layer
capacitors to the heat dissipating structure.

US Pat. No. 9,610,951

METHOD FOR OPERATING A DRIVE TRAIN OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method of operating a drive train comprising a drive motor and an automatic or automated transmission coupled between
the drive motor and drive wheels of a motor vehicle, wherein the automatic or automated transmission is operatively configured
to, in an automatic mode, automatically change between gears, and to, in a manual mode, change gears to a higher or lower
gear in response to a corresponding one of an up-shift request or a down-shift request from at least one driver-actuated manual
shift operating element, the method comprising the acts of:
determining whether the automatic or automated transmission is in the automatic mode or the manual mode;
when in the automatic mode, shifting the automatic or automated transmission into a coasting mode the drive train in which
an operative connection between the drive motor and the drive wheels is disengaged when predefined vehicle operating conditions
for entry into the coasting mode exist;

determining whether the down-shift request is present when the automatic or automated transmission is in automatic mode and
in the coasting mode;

when in the automatic mode and the coasting mode and the down-shift request is present, shifting from the coasting mode to
the manual mode; and

determining whether the up-shift request is present when the automatic or automated transmission is in automatic mode and
in the coasting mode;

when in the automatic mode and the coasting mode and the up-shift request is present, the automatic mode and the coasting
mode are maintained.

US Pat. No. 9,567,010

MOTOR VEHICLE BODY WHICH IS DESIGNED FOR A COLLISION WITH SMALL OVERLAP

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A motor vehicle body, comprising:
a longitudinal beam;
a bumper cross member, which is fixed to one end of the longitudinal beam, wherein an end section of the bumper cross member
configured as a closed or open hollow profile element protrudes over the longitudinal beam in a transverse direction;

a cantilever beam disposed directly on the longitudinal beam, the cantilever beam extending obliquely forward from the longitudinal
beam into a space between a wheel mount and the end section of the bumper cross member, and

a collision-resistant profile reinforcement provided at least in some regions in the hollow profile element in the end section
of the bumper cross member, wherein

the cantilever beam and the end section of the bumper cross member are disposed so as to cooperate with each other such that
in a frontal collision with small overlap the end section of the bumper cross member bends to impact the cantilever beam in
a region where the profile reinforcement is located in the end section, and

the profile reinforcement is configured to withstand the frontal collision with small overlap up to a predetermined collision
energy such that the bumper cross member in the region where the profile reinforcement is located and cooperates with the
cantilever beam is essentially not compressed to cause a transverse momentum on the motor vehicle body that reduces an overlap
of collision partners in the frontal collision with small overlap thereby reducing collision energy that has to be absorbed
by the motor vehicle body.

US Pat. No. 9,490,556

CELL CONTACTING ARRANGEMENT FOR AN ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A cell contacting arrangement for an energy storage module having a plurality of electrochemical storage cells, each storage
cell having at least two electric connection terminals, the arrangement comprising:
a carrier plate which is mountable on the energy storage module,
at least one cell connector inserted into the carrier plate for connecting at least two of the connection terminals of different
storage cells,

the carrier plate comprising at least one catch spring having a detent for fixing the cell connector in the carrier plate,
and

wherein the catch spring is configured to be arcuate, a first end of the arc being connected to the carrier plate, and the
detent being arranged on the second end of the arc.

US Pat. No. 9,448,991

METHOD FOR PROVIDING CONTEXT-BASED CORRECTION OF VOICE RECOGNITION RESULTS

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for providing context-based corrections of voice recognition results using an electronic client device, the method
comprising the acts of:
storing a plurality of element categories in a memory of the electronic client device;
storing, in the memory, a plurality of recognized words and phrases corresponding to the plurality of element categories;
displaying, by the electronic client device on a display, a text-based result from a speech-to-text conversion operation,
wherein the result comprises a plurality of words;

identifying, by the electronic client device, an element category associated with a portion of the text-based result, wherein
said identifying the element category comprises the acts of:

parsing the plurality of words to determine if at least one of the plurality of recognized words and phrases is contained
in the text-based result,

performing a lookup operation of the plurality of element categories using an identified one of the plurality of recognized
words and phrases from said parsing, and

identifying said element category from among the plurality of element categories in response to the lookup operation producing
a match between one of the plurality of element categories and the identified one of the plurality of recognized words and
phrases;

displaying, by the electronic client device on the display, a graphical icon corresponding to the element category in an area
of the display corresponding to where the portion of the text-based result is also displayed;

detecting a user selection, by the electronic client device, of the graphical icon;
enabling, by the electronic client device and in response to the user selection, an edit operation to be performed on the
portion of the text-based result associated with the graphical icon; and

displaying, by the electronic client device on the display, an updated version of the text-based result based on said edit
operation.

US Pat. No. 9,347,414

VEHICLE WITH AN ELECTRIC SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE, AND METHOD FOR OPERATING SAME

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

5. A method of operating a vehicle equipped with a low-voltage onboard power supply system, the low-voltage onboard power
supply system comprising: one or more electric consuming devices; an energy accumulator; a starter for an internal-combustion
engine of the vehicle; a support accumulator; a first switch operatively configured between the support accumulator and the
rest of the low-voltage onboard power supply system; a bidirectional direct-voltage control element operatively coupled to
the support accumulator and the low-voltage onboard power supply system; and a second switch, wherein the bidirectional direct-voltage
control element and the energy accumulator are electrically separable via the second switch from the rest of the low-voltage
onboard power supply system, and wherein the starter is arranged between the energy accumulator and the second interface of
the bidirectional direct-voltage control element, the method comprising:
closing the first switch and the second switch for a driving operation of the vehicle;
before an additional start of the vehicle, opening the second switch;
after the additional start of the vehicle, closing the second switch;
during an afterrunning of the vehicle, partially discharging the support accumulator and subsequently opening the first switch;
during a rest condition of the vehicle, opening the first switch; and
during a prerunning of the vehicle, charging the support accumulator by way of the bidirectional direct-current control element
and subsequently closing the first switch.

US Pat. No. 9,291,462

METHOD FOR POSITION DETERMINATION FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method intended for position determination of a motor vehicle, the method comprising the acts of:
satellite based determining of a geographical position of the motor vehicle;
providing digital road map data, which includes at least information about road segments in a vicinity of the geographical
position; and

carrying out a first determining act for determining at least a first road segment, on which the motor vehicle is located
with high probability, wherein the first determining act is based on a matching of the geographical position with the digital
road map data;

retrieving traffic lane data, regarding at least a number of traffic lanes for the first road segment, from a road map database;
determining a traffic lane, in which the motor vehicle is currently traveling utilizing a vehicle on-board camera;
carrying out a second determining act for determining a second road segment, on which the motor vehicle is currently located
with high probability, wherein the second determining act is based on a matching of the geographical position with the digital
road map data and at least the traffic lane in which the vehicle is traveling, wherein

for the purpose of the second determining act, a traffic lane model of the first road segment is created based on the traffic
lane data,

the determination of the lane, in which the motor vehicle is currently traveling, is carried out based on information of the
traffic lane model,

the traffic lane model comprises information regarding the number of traffic lanes of the first road-segment,
the traffic lane model comprises information regarding exclusion and inclusion of traffic lanes within the first road segment,
the output of the first determining act is further used as input for the second determining act, and
the traffic lane model includes instructions regarding a user restriction for a specific lane.

US Pat. No. 9,186,988

CONTROL SYSTEM FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE HAVING AN ELECTRONIC CONTROL UNIT BY WHICH THE DRIVE TORQUE OF A DRIVE UNIT CAN BE VARIABLY DISTRIBUTED, AS REQUIRED, ON AT LEAST TWO AXLES

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method of operating a motor vehicle equipped with an electronic control unit by which a drive torque of a drive unit
is variably distributed, as required, to at least two axles of the motor vehicle, the method comprising the acts of:
determining a demanded driving-dynamic desired parameter (aFW);

determining a driving-dynamic potential parameter (apot);

comparing, via a comparison unit, the demanded driving-dynamic desired parameter (aFW) with the driving-dynamic potential parameter (apot); and

changing from a drive-oriented control specifiable for a primarily single-axle drive of the motor vehicle to a driving-dynamic
oriented control for a primarily multi-axle drive of the motor vehicle only when a defined threshold value is exceeded relative
to the driving-dynamic potential parameter (apot).

US Pat. No. 9,121,721

NAVIGATION METHOD AND NAVIGATION DEVICE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A navigation method for a vehicle, the method comprising the acts of:
detecting at least one constant travel characteristic (CONST_KW) that is representative of a vehicle-specific energy requirement
with respect to a predetermined trip length at quasi-constant speed on a quasi-level stretch;

detecting at least one dynamic characteristic (DYN_KW) that is representative of a vehicle-specific energy requirement with
respect to a predetermined trip length at a predetermined quasi-dynamic speed on a quasi-level stretch;

respectively adapting the constant travel characteristic (CONST_KW) on the basis of at least one vehicle-specifically determined
energy consumption characteristic (EV_KW) for a traveled route segment that was recognized as being quasi-level and in which
a quasi-constant speed was detected;

in order to determine an expected energy consumption for a predetermined driving route (RT) with several route segments (STA):
(i) determining for each route segment (STA) whether one or more dynamic events are associated with the route segment,
(ii) determining an estimated route segment energy requirement characteristic (ST_EB_KW) for each route segment (STA) on the
basis of a respective constant travel characteristic (CONST_KW) that is associated with the respective route segment (STA),
and if one or more dynamic events are associated with the respective route segment (STA), for each dynamic event on the basis
of a respective dynamic characteristic (DYN_KW), and

(iii) determining an estimated route energy requirement characteristic (RT_EB_KW) for the predetermined driving route (RT)
on the basis of the respective route segment energy requirement characteristics (ST_EB_KW).

US Pat. No. 9,108,527

COOLING OF ELECTRIC STORAGE UNITS IN A VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A vehicle, comprising:
at least one front wheel;
at least one rear wheel;
an electric driving machine configured to drive the at least one rear and/or front wheel;
a storage housing, in which are stored a plurality of electric storage units, wherein
the storage housing has at least one air duct configured to discharge thermal energy of at least two adjacent ones of the
plurality of electric storage units,

the air duct extends in a longitudinal direction of the vehicle, at least in one air inflow area, and is arranged such that,
in an operating state of the vehicle, ambient air flows into the air duct via an air stream so as to discharge the thermal
energy,

the air duct is located between adjacent ones of the plurality of electric storage units, and
the air duct is circumferentially closed such that there is no connection between the ambient air and an interior of the storage
housing containing the plurality of electrical storage units.

US Pat. No. 9,111,452

VEHICLE WITH AT LEAST ONE ENVIRONMENT DETECTION SYSTEM

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A vehicle, comprising:
at least one environment detection system;
a communication system operatively configured to transmit information remotely to a plurality of receivers external to the
vehicle;

at least one electronic control unit operatively coupled with the environment detection system and the communication system,
wherein:

the electronic control unit is operatively configured to enable a standby mode activateable automatically or manually, the
electronic control unit switching-on the environment detection system and the communication system when the vehicle is parked
and the standby mode is activated, the switching-on being at least to carry out predefined functions related to transmitting
information externally, wherein the predefined functions are divided into a plurality of different environment categories
having defined reactions adapted to each of the plurality of different environment categories, wherein the plurality of receivers
includes a plurality of other vehicles, and wherein each of the defined reactions comprises a transmission of the information
to a corresponding subset of the plurality of vehicles, where each subset is defined according to a corresponding predetermined
proximity range to the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,050,690

COMPONENT CONNECTION AND/OR METHOD FOR CONNECTING COMPONENTS

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A component connection, comprising:
a first vehicle connection component having a male fixing element protruding from a major surface of the first vehicle connection
component, the male fixing element having a partial or complete sphere shape;

a second vehicle connection component having a female fixing element formed as a passage hole in a major surface of the second
vehicle connection component, the passage hole operatively configured to receive the male fixing element, the male fixing
element being insertable into and through the passage hole in one insertion direction;

wherein the male fixing element has an oversized dimension in relation to the passage hole substantially transverse to the
one insertion direction such that the major surfaces of the first and second vehicle connection components abut one another
and are clamped together at the fixing elements; and

wherein the second vehicle connection component comprises at least one preformed flexible clamping element projecting, before
the first and second vehicle connection components are clamped together, out of the major surface at an edge of the passage
hole, the flexible clamping element exerting, after the first and second vehicle connections components are clamped together,
a clamping force exteriorly onto an exterior of the male fixing element, which clamping force acts substantially transverse
to the one insertion direction.

US Pat. No. 9,052,503

METHOD FOR THE OUTPUT OF GRAPHIC DRIVING INDICATIONS

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for outputting graphic driving indications for assisting a driver of a motor vehicle in carrying out a driving
maneuver, the method comprising the acts of:
outputting a first graphic driving indication on a head-up display provided at the motor vehicle, the first graphic driving
indication comprising a symbolic display element and being in a form of a traffic lane change indication pointing out to the
driver a direction from a traffic lane traveled at a beginning of the driving maneuver to a desired traffic lane;

outputting a second graphic driving indication on the head-up display, the second graphic driving indication being in a form
of a contact-analog traffic lane marking graphically emphasizing the desired traffic lane with respect to other traffic lanes;

outputting a third graphic driving indication on the head-up display, the third graphic driving indication being in a form
of a contact-analog maneuvering impulse comprising a driving funnel originating from the desired traffic lane and corresponding
to the driving maneuver; and

outputting a fourth graphic driving indication on the head-up display, the fourth graphic driving indication being in a form
of a symbolic maneuvering display indication that symbolically displays the beginning driving maneuver after the motor vehicle
enters into the driving funnel,

during the outputting of the first graphic driving indication, at least a first change-over criteria concerning a spatial
graphic displayability of the second graphic driving indication on a display surface of the head-up display is checked via
a computer unit provided at the motor vehicle; and

in response to the at least first change-over criteria indicating that second graphic driving indication would be displayable
within a displayable area of the heads-up display, a transition is made from the outputting of the first graphic driving indication
to the outputting of the second graphic driving indication.

US Pat. No. 9,485,500

VISUALIZING SPECIFIED SAFETY-CRITICAL INFORMATION IN A VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for visualizing specified safety-critical information in a vehicle, the method comprising the acts of:
determining first display data representative of a first image to be visualized, said first image providing the specified
safety-critical information in a specified first signalization form, wherein the first display data are determined free of
any specified safety regulations;

sending the determined first display data to a display unit of the vehicle;
reading-out test data representative of an image visualized on the display unit;
checking if the read-out test data are representative of a faulty provision of the specified safety-critical information;
and

if the read-out test data are representative of the faulty provision of the specified safety-critical information, sending
second display data to the display unit, which second display data are representative of a second image to be visualized,
the second image providing the specified safety-critical information in a specified second signalization form differing from
the first signalization form, wherein the second display data are determined while complying with the specified safety regulations.

US Pat. No. 9,400,706

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR MONITORING AN ADAPTIVE NETWORK

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for monitoring an adaptive network having respective network nodes and network connections between the network
nodes, each network node having a transceiver coupled to a respective network connection, the transceiver being configured
to provide a mean error value representative of deviations of a received signal from the defined reference signal values,
the method comprising the acts of:
in a reference operating state of the adaptive network, determining a respective reference error value as a function of the
mean error value provided by a respective transceiver;

in at least one predefined operating state of the adaptive network, determining a respective actual error value as a function
of the mean error value provided by the respective transceiver; and

determining whether a fault is present in the respective network connection coupled to the respective transceiver as a function
of the respective reference error value and the assigned actual error value.

US Pat. No. 9,322,343

METHOD FOR AUTOMATICALLY SWITCHING OFF AND STARTING AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE OF A MOTOR VEHICLE WITH AN AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION, DURING OR AFTER AN OVERRUN PHASE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

15. A start-stop device comprising:
a control unit configured to initiate an automatic shut-off process and start process of an internal combustion engine in
a motor vehicle comprising an automatic transmission or automated transmission;

a first detection device configured to detect a coasting operation phase of the motor vehicle;
a gas exchange interruption unit configured to interrupt a gas exchange in cylinders of the internal combustion engine; and
an actuator configured to actuate a torque converter lock-up clutch disposed between the internal combustion engine and the
transmission for power transmission purposes, wherein, upon the first detection device detecting the coasting operation phase
of the internal combustion engine, the control unit is configured to actuate the gas exchange interruption unit such that
the gas exchange in said cylinders of the internal combustion engine is at least almost completely suppressed, and wherein
the actuator is further configured to actuate the torque converter lock-up clutch such that the torque converter lock-up clutch
remains or is at least almost completely engaged.

US Pat. No. 9,168,886

MOTOR VEHICLE HAVING A ROLLOVER PROTECTION SYSTEM

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A motor vehicle having a rollover protection system with at least one rollover support body accommodated in a mounting,
comprising:
a vehicle-fixed receiving device, wherein the mounting is fastened via threaded fasteners to a body structure of the motor
vehicle with an interposition of the receiving device, wherein

the receiving device has a dimension in an X-direction of the motor vehicle larger than a dimension of the mounting in the
X-direction,

the threaded fasteners that fasten the mounting to the body structure via the receiving device are oriented with a longitudinal
axis extending in approximately a Y-direction of the motor vehicle,

the receiving device is arranged on the body structure in an area of a wheel house and/or a side panel region of the motor
vehicle, and

the receiving device has at least one spar-type section that extends approximately in a Z-direction of the motor vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,169,945

DEVICE FOR DISCHARGING CONDENSATE FOR A HOUSING OF A MOTOR VEHICLE CLOSED OFF FROM THE ENVIRONMENT, HOUSING, AND MOTOR VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A device for discharging condensate for a motor vehicle, comprising:
a housing configured to accommodate therewithin a technical component of the motor vehicle, the housing being sealed-off from
an environment;

a reservoir formed in or on a floor of the housing, the technical component resting on the floor of the housing, the reservoir
being configured to form a lowest point of the floor in a predefined installation situation of the housing;

a cover separating the reservoir from an interior of the housing, the cover having at least one breakthrough forming an inlet
for condensate accumulating in the interior of the housing; and

an actively actuated element operatively configured to discharge the condensate, the actively actuated element being coupled
to an outlet opening of the reservoir.

US Pat. No. 9,045,081

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR ADJUSTING THE HEADLIGHT RANGE OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. An apparatus for automatically adjusting a headlight range of a motor vehicle having at least one vertically adjustable
headlight, the apparatus comprising:
a sensor device which records at least one of vehicle and environment data, wherein the sensor device comprises a vehicle
speed sensor configured to record a vehicle speed;

an analyzing and control device which analyzes said at least one of the vehicle and environment data and determines, as a
function thereof, including as a function of and for any value of said vehicle speed, a vertical road curvature that is independent
of vehicle pitch caused by lifting or pitching movements of the vehicle with respect to the road, and outputting control data
for controlling the at least one vertically adjustable headlight based on said vertical road curvature, the sensor system
not operating in a foresighted manner.

US Pat. No. 9,649,942

VEHICLE COMPRISING AN ELECTRICAL DRIVE MACHINE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A vehicle comprising:
a current-exciting synchronous electrical drive machine that provides vehicle driving torque,
a braking device,
a gear selecting device, and
a control unit assigned to the current-excited synchronous electrical drive machine and configured to: set an exciting current
of a rotor of the current-excited electrical drive synchronous electrical drive machine, and to switch off the exciting current,
based on a gear selecting position set at the gear selecting device and a position of a brake pedal of the braking device.

US Pat. No. 9,650,057

WARNING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR WARNING A VEHICLE DRIVER OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A system for warning a driver of a motor vehicle, comprising:
a driver assistance system configured to at least partially take-over vehicle navigation from the driver, and to output a
triggering signal in response to a certain event requiring a driver take-over of the vehicle navigation from the driver assistance
system;

a mobile terminal located in the vehicle, the mobile terminal being coupled to the driver assistance system and having a corresponding
program module by which unrestricted use of the mobile terminal is permitted in the vehicle, wherein

the program module interrupts the unrestricted use and outputs a warning signal via the mobile terminal prompting the driver
to take over said vehicle navigation from the driver assistance system when the triggering signal is received by the mobile
terminal.

US Pat. No. 9,575,771

METHOD FOR INTEGRATING A COMPONENT INTO AN INFORMATION SYSTEM OF A VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method of integrating a hardware component into an information system of a vehicle, the method comprising the acts of:
making available, via a data connection between the information system and the hardware component, at least one application
executable or provided by the hardware component to a user of the vehicle via a man-machine interface of the information system;

receiving a message by the information system via the data connection from the hardware component, wherein the message describes
input/output devices required by the application for its execution;

assigning, based on the message provided by the hardware component, a respective priority value to one or more of the input/output
devices required by the application, wherein the priority value is dynamically changed as a function of a vehicle parameter;
and

integrating the hardware component into the information system with respect to input and/or output of information in a personalized
manner with respect to the user of the component.

US Pat. No. 9,505,319

MOTOR VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A motor vehicle having a vehicle interior with a floor, the motor vehicle comprising:
a front seat provided on the floor of the vehicle interior;
a rear seat row provided on the floor of the vehicle interior, the rear seat row comprising at least two seating positions
each of which comprises a seat base part with a seat base surface and a backrest part with a backrest surface; and

one lateral support formed on each lateral end of the rear seat row, the lateral supports being displaceable between a raised
position and a lowered position, wherein

one middle seat base surface section is formed between the two seat base surfaces of the two seating positions,
the two seat base surfaces are displaceable between a lowered position and a raised position,
the middle seat base surface section is moveable between a raised position and a lowered position,
upwardly directed outer surfaces of the two seat base surfaces and the middle seat base surface section are configurable to
form a flat seat base bench surface of the rear seat row, and

upwardly directed outer surfaces of the lateral supports, together with the upwardly directed outer surfaces of the two seat
base surfaces and the upwardly directed outer surface of the middle seat base surface section form the flat seat base bench
surface of the rear seat row.

US Pat. No. 9,483,947

PASSING ASSISTANCE SYSTEM AND METHOD

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A passing assistance system in an ego-vehicle, comprising:
an electronic control device that receives messages from car-to-car communication systems of other vehicles, wherein
the electronic control device is programmed to:
evaluate received messages;
identify a first oncoming vehicle based on a received message from the first oncoming vehicle, the received message having
a first portion and a second portion appended to the first portion, wherein the first portion includes information at least
identifying the first oncoming vehicle and the second portion includes information indicating both a presence or an absence
of a vehicle trailing the first oncoming vehicle; and

activate a warning system in the ego-vehicle to prevent a passing process if the received message from the first oncoming
vehicle that identifies the first oncoming vehicle includes information about the presence of the vehicle trailing the oncoming
vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,439,065

ASSOCIATION OF AN IDENTIFICATION STORED IN A MOBILE TERMINAL WITH A LOCATION

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for identifying an occupant of a location, the method comprising the acts of:
receiving a first time data from an occupancy sensor associated with the location, the first time data indicating a first
time at which the location becomes occupied;

receiving a second time data from a mobile device associated with a user, the second time data indicating a second time at
which a motion sensor of the mobile device senses a movement of the mobile device that implies occupancy of the location by
the user;

determining from the first time data and the second time data whether a correlation exists between the occupancy sensor sensing
the occupancy of the location and the motion sensor sensing the movement;

receiving an identification data of the user from the mobile device if the correlation is determined to exist; and
associating the user as the occupant of the location using the identification data.

US Pat. No. 9,434,274

SPEED CONTROL SYSTEM FOR MOTOR VEHICLES

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A speed control system for a motor vehicle, comprising:
an electronic control unit operatively configured to generate actuation signals for controlling a speed of the motor vehicle
to a specified desired speed;

a control element coupled with the electronic control unit, actuation of the control element intervening in speed control
and influencing same;

wherein the control element comprises a button configured such that:
(a) when the button is pressed, an intervention in active speed control occurs only for a time duration in which the button
is actively being pressed such that no drive torque is generated; and

(b) when the button is no longer pressed, original speed control is resumed,
wherein, when the intervention in the active speed control for the time duration in which the button is actively being pressed
occurs, speed control is completely interrupted.

US Pat. No. 9,384,401

METHOD FOR FOG DETECTION

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for detecting fog by use of a camera image or a video image, the method comprising the acts of:
taking a two-dimensional image with at least one color channel or several color channels as a function of two independent
location coordinates;

determining a two-dimensional gray-scale function for the at least one color channel or for each of the several color channels,
which defines a value of the gray scale as a function of the two independent location coordinates of the two-dimensional image;

performing a two-dimensional Fourier transformation of the two-dimensional gray-scale function depending on two independent
frequency coordinates;

scaling the two-dimensional gray-scale image to compensate intensity gradients of the gray scales by use of a low-pass filter
and by use of a high-pass filter;

calculating a power spectrum as the square of the absolute value of the Fourier transform;
analyzing the power spectrum by use of digital image processing;
analyzing the power spectrum by use of a family of Gabor filters;
filtering the power spectrum by each Gabor filter of the family of Gabor filters over the two-dimensional frequency range,
wherein a result of said filtering is a Gabor characteristic for each of the corresponding Gabor filters; and

reducing the Gabor characteristics by one of a main component analysis or a support vector method in the frequency domain
to form reduced Gabor characteristics.

US Pat. No. 9,314,964

COMPOSITE COMPONENT AND PROCESS FOR PRODUCING A COMPOSITE COMPONENT

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A process for producing a composite component having a first component element and a second component element, the first
and second component elements being mutually connected by an adhesive connection, the process comprising the acts of:
forming a locally limited adhesive cavity having a limited axial extent relative to an axial extent of the first and second
component elements by:

(i) applying a thermally active plastic material to an adhesive connection side of the first component element and/or to an
adhesive connection side of the second component element, the applied thermally active plastic material being applied about
a whole circumference of the adhesive connection side at two locations spaced axially apart from one another;

(ii) arranging the first component element and the second component element opposite and spaced apart from one another, wherein
a gap is formed between the adhesive connection side of the first component element and the adhesive connection side of the
second component element; and

(iii) supplying heat to expand the thermally active plastic material to form boundaries in the gap between the first component
element and the second component element at the two locations, wherein the locally limited adhesive cavity is formed by the
gap between the boundaries at the two locations such that the locally limited adhesive cavity has the limited axial extent
relative to the axial extent of the first and second com onent elements; and

filling the formed locally limited adhesive cavity with adhesive to adhere the first component element with the second component
element, the adhesive completely filling the gap between the boundaries.

US Pat. No. 9,248,835

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR ESTABLISHING A TRAJECTORY FOR A VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A device for establishing a trajectory for a vehicle, comprising:
a vehicle sensor configured to sense objects external to the vehicle;
a vehicle computer, and
an interface between the vehicle computer and at least one driver assistance system,
wherein the computer has a stored computer program configured to:
register coordinates of objects using object information received from the sensor;
calculate an occupancy map or cost map on the basis of the registered coordinates, wherein the occupancy map or cost map is
subdivided into cells and a cell value is assigned to each cell, which cell value describes a presence and/or a vicinity of
an object;

calculate a cost space, which comprises a plurality of layers, wherein each layer is subdivided into cells and a cost value
is assigned to each cell, wherein the cost values in the respective layers are calculated in each case for a specific orientation
of the vehicle on the basis of the cell values; and

determine a trajectory for the vehicle that maximizes cost-effectiveness, and,
provide to the interface the determined trajectory with the lowest possible risk of collision for forwarding to the at least
one vehicle driver assistance system for execution.

US Pat. No. 9,086,107

INTERNALLY VENTILATED BRAKE DISC

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. An internally ventilated brake disc, comprising:
at least two friction rings;
a disc hub portion configured to support the at least two friction rings on a vehicle axle hub;
a plurality of ribs arranged between and spacing apart the two friction rings, the plurality of ribs not extending radially
inward toward an axis of rotation of the brake disc beyond an inner circumference of each of the two friction rings;

a plurality of air blades separate from the at least two friction rings and the disc hub portion and fastened to the brake
disc, the plurality of air blades extending essentially inwardly in a radial direction from the inner circumference of at
least one of the two friction rings toward the axis of rotation of the brake disc, the plurality of air blades being operatively
configured to deliver cooling air through a space between the two friction rings during rotation of the brake disc;

wherein the plurality of air blades are formed as a sheet metal part coupled to one or more of the plurality of ribs,
wherein the air blades of the sheet metal part are formed out of a sheet metal ring, whereby the sheet metal part having the
air blades is an integral sheet metal part, and

wherein the sheet metal ring is not a closed ring, and comprises a plurality of clamps extending radially outward from the
sheet metal ring and configured for a shape-locking connection to the one or more ribs.

US Pat. No. 9,064,412

METHOD FOR PROVIDING INFORMATION TO FIRST RESPONDERS OF VEHICLE ACCIDENTS

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for providing information to first responders of vehicle accidents, the method comprising the acts of:
transmitting, by the mobile device, location information to one or more backend servers over a wireless network connection
in response to receiving a location-based accident information request from a user via a user input;

receiving, by the mobile device from the one or more backend servers over the wireless network connection, a list of accidents
identified as being in proximity to the mobile device;

displaying at least one accident indication for a corresponding at least one accident from the received list of accidents
identified as being in proximity to the mobile device;

receiving, by the mobile device from the user, a selection of an accident of interest from the displayed at least one accident
indication;

requesting, by the mobile device and in response to the selection of the accident of interest, information corresponding to
the accident of interest; and

displaying, by the mobile device, at least one of vehicle-specific and accident-specific information corresponding to the
accident of interest.

US Pat. No. 9,604,678

AERODYNAMICALLY EFFECTIVE DEVICE FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. An aerodynamic device for a motor vehicle, comprising:
an air guide element movable between a position of rest and at least one operating position;
a drive unit operatively coupled to the air guide element for moving the air guide element; and
a control unit operatively configured to control the drive unit to move the air guide element from the position of rest into
the operating position upon reaching a first vehicle speed threshold value, the control unit being further operatively configured
to perform a function test of the drive unit below the first vehicle speed threshold value.

US Pat. No. 9,580,125

LUGGAGE CASE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A luggage case, comprising:
a body of the luggage case;
a lid of the luggage case;
at least one hinge by which the lid is movable relative to the body;
a damping element provided in an area of the hinge, wherein
the damping element comes to rest on a component part of the hinge moving with the lid during closing of the lid in order
to damp a closing motion of the lid; wherein the hinge is a bow hinge that carries out a swiveling motion during closing of
the lid, the bow hinge having a first end connected to the lid at a location away from an edge of the lid that is adjacent
to an edge of the body when the lid is in a closed position, a second end pivotally connected to the body, and a bow shape
configured such that when opened the lid swivels about the second end and the edge of the lid is displaced laterally relative
to the body edge at a hinge side of the luggage case; and wherein the component part moving with the lid comes into contact
with the damping element at a closed angle from 5° to 45°.

US Pat. No. 9,533,672

METHOD FOR DAMPING MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS IN A VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method of damping mechanical vibrations in a vehicle having a drive train with an internal-combustion engine and an electric
driving motor, comprising the acts of:
conducting a vibration analysis on signals describing a current vibration behavior between the internal-combustion engine
and the vehicle body,

conducting a vibration analysis on signals describing a current vibration behavior between the electric driving motor and
the vehicle body;

using the vibration analyses to determine an interference frequency;
generating a fault signal that describes the interference frequency;
supplying the fault signal to each of a plurality of logic modules;
computing a separate compensation torque to dampen the mechanical vibrations in the vehicle using each logic module, each
logic module computing a different compensation torque at a different internal-combustion engine speed that is a harmonic
of the supplied interference frequency of the engine;

adding all computed compensation torques to generate a total compensation torque; and
supplying the total compensation torque to the vehicle via the electric motor.
US Pat. No. 9,333,869

CHARGING APPARATUS FOR A VEHICLE WITH SEVEN ELECTRICAL CONTACTS

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A charging apparatus for charging an energy accumulator of a vehicle via a charging source having a charging plug, the
charging apparatus comprising:
a charging control device of the vehicle;
an alternating-current charging device of the vehicle;
a power switching device of the vehicle,
a charging socket of the vehicle, the charging socket comprising seven electrically assignable contacts, wherein
a first contact is connected as a pilot contact by way of a pilot line with the charging control device,
a second contact is connected as a proximity contact by way of a proxy line with the charging control device,
a third contact is connected as a protective grounding conductor contact by way of a ground line with vehicle ground,
a fourth contact is connected as a neutral conductor contact by way of a neutral line with the alternating-current charging
device,

a fifth contact is connected as a phase 1 contact by way of a phase 1 line with the alternating-current charging device,
a sixth contact is connectable as a positive direct-current contact by way of a DC+ line and by way of the power switching
device with the energy accumulator,

a seventh contact is connectable as a negative direct-current contact by way of a DC? line and by way of the power switching
device with the energy accumulator,

the DC+ line is connected via a first electric branch line with one of the neutral line or the phase 1 line, and
the DC? line is connected by way of a second electric branch line with the other of the neutral line or the phase 1 line.

US Pat. No. 9,302,675

RADIO REMOTE CONTROL SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING VEHICLE FUNCTIONS OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A radio remote control for controlling a first vehicle function of a vehicle that is relevant for functional safety and
a second vehicle function of the vehicle that is not relevant for functional safety, the radio remote control comprising:
a user interface configured to activate the first function and obtain user input corresponding to the first vehicle function
to be activated;

a transmitter logic controller for processing the user input; and
a security device configured to safeguard the first vehicle function, the security device including:
a security input actuator configured to be actuated in order for the first vehicle function to be carried out, and
a security circuit coupled to the security input actuator and configured to include security information,
wherein when the user input corresponding to the first vehicle function is obtained, the security information is only used
for generating transmission data that causes the first vehicle function to be carried out if the security input actuator was
actuated.

US Pat. No. 9,188,455

NAVIGATION SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR COMPUTING THE OVERALL COSTS OF A ROUTE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A navigation system, comprising:
a display;
an interface operatively configured to access a first memory unit in which an electronic road map is stored, the road map
having a large number of road sections, each of which is assigned at least one first cost element; and

a computer unit operatively configured to assign to at least some of the road sections at least one second cost element;
wherein the computer unit is further operatively configured to assign a cost value in order to compute a route to be displayed
on the display, a computation of the cost value for first road sections being based in each case on the first and the second
cost element, and the computation of the cost value for second road sections being based, in each case, on the first cost
element and not on the second cost element, wherein the second cost elements are based on a navigation usage history, and
wherein further the first road sections comprise road sections located closer to either a starting point or a destination
point of the route than the second road sections, and wherein a number of first road sections or a ratio of the first road
section to a number of second road sections varies as a function of utilization of the computer unit of the navigation system.

US Pat. No. 9,174,567

MOTOR VEHICLE HAVING A DEVICE FOR INFLUENCING THE VIEWING DIRECTION OF THE DRIVER

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

12. A method for influencing a viewing direction of an occupant of a motor vehicle equipped with a hazard detection and warning
system and a centrally arranged display unit configured to display information contents and/or entertainment contents, the
method comprising the acts of:
detecting a potential hazard event on a road in front of the motor vehicle; and
as a function of the detected hazard event, outputting a dynamic light animation extending essentially from the display unit
and towards a field of vision of the occupant on a windshield in the direction of travel of the motor vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,166,443

ENERGY SUPPLY DEVICE FOR A HYBRID VEHICLE AND METHOD FOR OPERATING AN ELECTRIC HIGH VOLTAGE ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for operating an electric high voltage energy storage device of a hybrid vehicle with an electric drive motor,
comprising:
operating the characterized electric high voltage energy storage device in a predetermined working range of a state of charge
of the high voltage energy storage device that is defined by an upper limit and a lower limit; and

shifting the predetermined working range as a function of at least one of vehicle operating parameters and vehicle environmental
parameters.

US Pat. No. 9,144,859

METHOD FOR WELDING A SPHERE ONTO A METAL SHEET BY A WELDING CURRENT BETWEEN ELECTRODES

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for welding a sphere onto a metal sheet, the method comprising the acts of:
picking up the sphere by use of a first electrode;
pressing a metal sheet and the sphere together, wherein the sphere is pressed against the metal sheet by the first electrode
and the metal sheet is pressed against the sphere by a second electrode; and

generating a welding current between the first and second electrodes to weld the sphere and the metal sheet together, wherein:
the first electrode comprises a face-side having a recess, an act of applying suction to the sphere being carried out such
that upon being sucked into the recess a portion of the sphere that is to be welded protrudes from the recess and another
portion of the sphere within the recess contacts an inner side of the recess only linearly about a circular periphery of the
sphere so as to position the sphere in a defined manner, and

the act of generating the welding current produces a point weld between the sphere and the metal sheet such that the sphere
substantially maintains a spherical shape suitable for use as a joining element of a joint.

US Pat. No. 9,126,489

VEHICLE CHARGING ARRANGEMENT

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A vehicle charging arrangement comprising:
a charging station outside of a vehicle, the charging station comprising a first charging control unit that is electrically
connected with a first electric tap, a second electric tap connected to a second electric line, a two-position switch controlled
by the first charging control unit having a first switching position and a second switching position such that, in the second
switching position, a third electric tap is connected with a neutral phase of the external alternating-current network;

a charging cable; and
an electric charging unit of the vehicle, for charging an electric energy storage device of the vehicle with electric energy
from an external alternating-current network, wherein the electric charging unit comprises a second charging control unit
that is connected with a first electric contact and a second electric contact connected to the second electronic line, wherein:

during the charging, the first charging control unit and the second charging control unit exchange data by way of a first
electric line and the second electric line is used as a grounding line,

on an input side, the charging station is configured to be supplied with electric power from the external alternating-current
network,

the charging cable is electrically connected to the charging station or is configured to be electrically connected to the
charging station,

the charging cable is configured to be electrically connected to the electric charging unit by way of a plug-and-socket connection,
the charging station has six electric taps,
the charging cable has six electric lines, and
the six electric taps of the charging station are connected in the same configuration with the six electric lines of the charging
cable, and the six electric lines of the charging cable are connected in the same configuration with at least four electric
contacts of the electric charging unit in order to charge the electric energy storage device.

US Pat. No. 9,114,809

CRUISE CONTROLLER FOR MOTOR VEHICLES AND METHOD OF OPERATING SAME

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A cruise controller for a motor vehicle comprising:
a monitoring device operatively configured to evaluate vehicle state variables in order to modify a cruise control function
as a function of determined roadway data, wherein the cruise control function, while in an active mode, maintains the speed
of the motor vehicle based only on a predefined setpoint speed so long as an operator of the motor vehicle does not specify
a request to accelerate or decelerate the motor vehicle, and wherein the monitoring device is further configured to evaluate
as said vehicle state variables each of a current steering wheel angle, a current lateral acceleration of the vehicle, and
a current yaw rate of the vehicle; and

wherein when at least one of said evaluated vehicle state variables exceeds a predefined first vehicle state variable limit
value, the cruise controller is configured to switch the cruise control function into a standby mode of operation, and wherein
the monitoring device is configured to automatically switch the cruise control function into an active mode from the standby
mode in response to determining that no evaluated vehicle state variable exceeds a corresponding predefined second vehicle
state variable limit value for each respective evaluated vehicle state variable.

US Pat. No. 9,085,235

DISPLAY SYSTEM FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A motor vehicle, comprising:
a vehicle body having an outer area;
a display system for the motor vehicle, the display system comprising:
a display mounted on the outer area of the vehicle body;
a control unit coupled with the display and being operatively configured to control the display, the control unit receiving
vehicle data via an interface and controlling the display to represent the vehicle data on the display in the outer area of
the vehicle body;

a switch operatively configured to turn on and turn off the display system, wherein
the switch is configured to turn off the display system in a locking position of at least one of a vehicle closing mechanism
or a closed position of the movable body element,

the switch is further configured to turn on the display system in a release position of the vehicle closing mechanism or in
an open position of the movable body element, and

the display is arranged in a lockable access outer area of the vehicle body, in which the lockable access outer area is covered
by a movable body element in a closed state and is visible from outside the vehicle body in an open state.

US Pat. No. 10,114,474

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR OPERATING AN INPUT DEVICE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for operating an input device having a predetermined touch-sensitive input region, the method comprising the acts of:ascertaining a placement of an operating element in relation to the predetermined touch-sensitive input region, the ascertaining being based on at least one recorded image representing a position and/or a placement of a predetermined operating element in a predetermined zone of the touch-sensitive input region;
wherein the ascertained placement of the operating element comprises at least one ascertained angular placement of the operating element in relation to the predetermined touch-sensitive region,
ascertaining a correction angle depending on the ascertained placement of the operating element; and
determining an input character based on the ascertained placement and a recorded measurement signal, the recorded measurement signal representing an input position and/or an input movement profile on the touch-sensitive input region, and based on the correction angle.

US Pat. No. 10,033,238

CONNECTION RING ARRANGEMENT FOR AN ELECTRICAL MACHINE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A connection ring arrangement, comprising:a plurality of conducting rings, wherein each conducting ring is connected to at least one winding of an electrical machine; and
a support element which holds the plurality of conducting rings, wherein
the support element has a projection arrangement having two projections which are designed receive the conducting ring and which extend from said conducting ring,
the projection arrangement has an open end and a closed end, which closed end receives the conducting ring,
the distance between the projections is at least partially smaller than the diameter of the conducting ring and at least one projection is at least partially elastically formed in a direction transverse to the longitudinal direction of the projection, and
the projections are designed such that the conducting ring is inserted between the projections.

US Pat. No. 9,688,136

CHARGING HOUSING OR FILLER NECK HOUSING

BAYERISCHE MOTOREN WERKE ...

16. A charging housing or filler neck housing for insertion into a body opening in a motor vehicle, comprising:
a housing body with a passage opening; and
an elastic sealing ring comprising:
an annular sealing body arranged about an edge bounding the passage opening of the housing body;
a first sealing lip extending from the annular sealing body and having an outer end designed to contact a plug-in charging
connector or a tank filler pipe inserted into the passage opening; and

a second elastic sealing lip extending from the annular sealing body and having an outer end designed to contact a closure
flap covering the passage opening.

US Pat. No. 9,606,546

MOTOR VEHICLE HAVING A TAILGATE ARRANGEMENT CONSISTING OF A PIVOTABLE LOWER TAILGATE AND A PIVOTABLE UPPER TAILGATE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A motor vehicle having a tailgate arrangement, comprising:
a pivotable lower tailgate and a pivotable upper tailgate, the upper tailgate reaching partially over the lower tailgate in
an overlapping region,

a sensor system for detecting the respectively current position of both tailgates;
an electronic control unit for motorized actuation of both tailgates, the control unit being configured to executed a program
such that:

during closing of both tailgates starting from their respective start positions and moving simultaneously during at least
a portion of the closing, their respective moving speed and/or their respective moving start are controlled such that the
upper tailgate is prevented from passing a defined anti-collision position in the closing direction until the lower tailgate
is completely closed; and/or

during opening of both tailgates, the lower tailgate is not moved in the opening direction until the upper tailgate has passed
the defined anti-collision position in the opening direction.

US Pat. No. 9,582,318

METHOD, COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT AND SYSTEM FOR SWITCHING APPLICATION PROGRAMS

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for switching application programs in a processor-controlled multimedia terminal device, which is connected to
a processor-controlled multimedia docking device, the method comprising the acts of:
storing and providing for execution a group comprising multiple application programs on the multimedia terminal device, the
application programs being executable on the multimedia terminal device in a foreground or in a background, wherein an application
program can output data via a graphic user interface when running in the foreground, and cannot output data via the graphic
user interface when running in the background;

executing only one application program from the group at one point in time in the foreground;
providing a storage region in the multimedia terminal device, to which the application programs have read and write access
during execution thereof;

storing an application-specific data set, which is also maintained in the storage region after an ending of the respective
application program, in the storage region for each of the application programs;

reading, by a first application program, the application-specific data sets of other of the multiple application programs
and storing them in a list during execution of the first application program in the multimedia terminal device;

transferring the list to the multimedia docking device;
displaying data on the application programs contained in the list on the multimedia docking device;
selecting an application program from the list as a second application program; and
by way of the multimedia docking device, switching, in the multimedia terminal device, from the execution of the first application
program to an execution of the second application program, wherein the execution of the first application program in the foreground
on the multimedia terminal device is ended and the second application program is caused to run in the foreground on the multimedia
terminal device.

US Pat. No. 9,500,160

MOTOR ASSEMBLY

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. An engine assembly for a vehicle having an internal combustion engine which has an exhaust-gas purification apparatus,
the engine assembly having a heat engine comprising:
at least one closed-off working chamber which is filled with a gas, the at least one closed-off working chamber includes a
first cylinder in which a first piston is mounted so as to be movable in a longitudinal direction between a first initial
position and a first expansion position, wherein the at least one closed-off working chamber further includes a second cylinder
in which a second piston is mounted so as to be movable in the longitudinal direction between a second initial position and
a second expansion position,

at least one heating device for heating the gas in at least one heating region of the at least one closed-off working chamber,
at least one cooling device for cooling the gas in at least one cooling region of the at least one closed-off working chamber,
and

at least one flow transfer line which connects the at least one heating region and the at least one cooling region in terms
of gas flow, wherein the at least one flow transfer line is configured such that gas that is heated in the at least one heating
region can displace the first piston from the first initial position into the first expansion position, and wherein said gas
can then subsequently flow through the flow transfer line into the cooling region and displace the second piston into the
second expansion position,

wherein the first piston and the second piston are coupled such that the second piston is moved from the second initial position
into the second expansion position in temporally offset fashion with respect to the first piston, and such that, during a
movement of the second piston from the second initial position into the second expansion position, the first piston is moved
in the direction of the first initial position, and

wherein the flow transfer line is led at least in sections through the exhaust-gas purification apparatus such that an exchange
of heat takes place between the exhaust-gas purification apparatus and the gas flowing in the flow transfer line.

US Pat. No. 9,452,689

SEAT OCCUPANCY DETECTION DEVICE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A seat occupancy detection device for a motor vehicle, comprising:
at least one electrode of a capacitor, which electrode is arranged in a seat area and is embodied as a wire;
an electronic assembly connected to the wire, which electronic assembly has a function generator for generating an electrical
signal, and an evaluation unit; and

a switch located between the wire and a seat heating power supply, the switch being configured to be controlled by the electronic
assembly,

wherein
the electrical signal generated by the function generator is changeable by occupancy of the seat area,
the switch is operable to interrupt a heating current from the power supply to the wire in response to a command from the
electronic assembly, and

the electronic assembly is configured to apply the generated electrical signal to the wire and determine using the evaluation
unit whether the seat area is occupied during a period in which the heating current from the power supply is interrupted by
the switch, and to command the switch to allow flow of the heating current from the power supply to the wire after applying
the generated electrical signal to the wire.

US Pat. No. 9,410,524

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR AUTOMATICALLY SHUTTING OFF AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for automatically shutting off an internal combustion engine in a motor vehicle by way of a start-stop device,
the method comprising the acts of:
determining whether predefined operating conditions are met, which predefined operating conditions normally correspond to
an automatic shut-off of the internal combustion engine via the start-stop device; and

preventing the automatic shut-off of the internal combustion engine due to the predefined operating conditions being met when
an actuation of a garage door opener for electric displacement of a garage door is detected.

US Pat. No. 9,403,533

METHOD FOR OPERATING A MOTOR VEHICLE DURING FULLY AUTOMATIC VEHICLE GUIDANCE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for effecting an automatic driver assistance of a user vehicle having a control unit configured to control a drive
unit, a brake unit and a steering system of the user vehicle independently of the driver, the method comprising:
controlling the drive unit and/or the brake unit, via the control unit, to maintain a prescribed distance between the user
vehicle and a detected target vehicle ahead, and

controlling the steering system, via the control unit, to maintain the motor vehicle within a detected lane,
detecting whether the target vehicle leaves the detected lane and whether a preceding target vehicle is not present in the
detected lane; and

controlling the brake unit, via the control unit, to execute a braking action in the event it is detected that the target
vehicle leaves the detected lane and that the preceding target vehicle is not present in the detected lane.

US Pat. No. 9,304,013

STORAGE DEVICE AND NAVIGATION SYSTEM

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A navigation system, comprising:
a storage device having stored therein a plurality of location information objects, each location information object representing
a location, and wherein the storage device further comprises a plurality of distance information objects stored therein, each
distance information object representing a distance by road from a respective location information object, of the plurality
of location information objects, to a freeway exit closest to said respective location information object, each distance information
object being associated with a corresponding one of the plurality of location information objects;

a computer operatively configured to interface with the storage device in order to access the storage device, wherein the
computer is configured to calculate a total distance to a particular location information object, of the plurality of location
information objects, based on a summing of a first distance and a second distance, wherein

the first distance is calculated, by the computer, as a distance by road from a current location of the navigation system
to a freeway exit closest to the particular location information object, and

the second distance is a distance represented by a distance information object, of the plurality of distance information objects,
that is stored in association with the particular location information object; and

a display coupled to the computer and configured to present the total distance to a user of the navigation system.

US Pat. No. 9,262,617

METHOD FOR PROVIDING SOFTWARE TO BE USED BY A CONTROL UNIT OF A VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method of providing software for use by a vehicle control unit configured to be installed in a vehicle, said method comprising:
generating a software signature certificate using a public key of a software signature site and a secret key of a control
entity of a trust center of a vehicle manufacturer of the vehicle in which the vehicle control unit is configured to be installed,
wherein the software signature certificate is configured to be usable to restrict use of the software to at least one type
of vehicle control unit, according to a public-key method,

wherein prior to execution of the software by the vehicle control unit,
signing the software against falsification, using a secret or private key of the software signature site, according to a public-key
method;

checking the software signature certificate for integrity according to a public-key method using a public key of the trust
center; and

checking the signed software for integrity, using the public key of the software signature site contained in the software
signature certificate, the public key of the software signature site being complementary to the secret or private key of the
software signature site,

wherein a clearing code site signature certificate is further generated using the secret key of the control entity of the
trust center according to a public-key method,

wherein the clearing code site signature certificate is configured to be usable to restrict use of the software to a specific
vehicle control unit using a unique number individualized to said specific vehicle control unit, and wherein the method further
comprises

restricting use of the software in accordance with each of the software signature certificate and the clearing code site signature
certificate.

US Pat. No. 9,222,500

COMPONENT CONNECTION AND METHOD FOR THE DETACHABLE CONNECTION OF THE COMPONENTS OF A COMPONENT CONNECTION

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A connection between components, comprising:
a first component;
a second component;
at least two pairs of fixing elements arranged at a distance from one another and by which the first and second components
are detachably connected to each other, wherein

each pair of fixing elements comprises a female fixing element and a male fixing element configured for insertion into the
female fixing element,

a fixing element of each pair of fixing elements is provided on the first component and the other fixing element of each pair
of fixing elements is provided on the second component, and

the fixing elements of the pairs of fixing elements are respectively located on the first and second components to produce
a bending stress in the first and second components upon detachably connecting the two components, whereby a bending of the
first and second components occurs.

US Pat. No. 9,079,510

ADJUSTMENT DEVICE FOR ERGONOMICALLY SETTING A VEHICLE SEAT WITH SEVERAL ADJUSTABLE SEAT COMPONENTS

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. An adjustment device for ergonomically setting at least one of a vehicle seat having adjustable seat components and defined
vehicle components adjustable as a function of a position of the vehicle seat, the adjustment device comprising:
a control unit operatively configured to automatically set at least one of a selection for an adjustable seat component and
a selection for a defined vehicle component as a function of vehicle occupant data;

wherein the control unit includes a memory in which the vehicle occupant data or data derivable from the vehicle occupant
data is storable, said data enabling an automatic setting of at least one of the components;

a read-in unit, by which the data is readable into the memory from a mobile data medium separate from the vehicle, the mobile
data medium obtaining the vehicle occupant data in a form of a defined two dimensional image from a digital image acquisition
system, the image being taken in a predefined way; and

an input unit in a form of a manually operable touch screen on which defined positions of body parts are settable in a superposed
manner on the defined two dimensional image shown on the touch screen via a user displaceable marking bar,

wherein the control unit comprises an algorithm configured to output the automatic setting of the at least one of the components
based on determining proportions of the body parts from the defined two-dimensional image vehicle occupant data.

US Pat. No. 9,840,152

APPARATUS FOR INDUCTIVE POWER TRANSMISSION

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. An apparatus for inductively transmitting power, comprising:
a primary unit with a primary coil;
a secondary unit with a secondary coil, wherein the primary coil induces a magnetic transmission field in a transmission area
between the primary unit and the secondary unit, and

at least one detector unit positioned in the transmission area and configured to detect an induction voltage, the at least
one detector unit comprising an even number of detector coil elements wound in opposite directions such that adjacent detector
coil elements form detector pairs.

US Pat. No. 9,623,863

CONTROL DEVICE FOR OPERATING A ROAD-COUPLED HYBRID VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A control device for operating a road-coupled hybrid vehicle having a first drive unit assigned to a first axle, a second
drive unit assigned to a second axle, and a selector device operable by a driver for manually changing between an electric
operating mode and an automatic operating mode, comprising:
at least one electronic control unit configured to control the first and second drive units at least partially as a function
of the driver control of the selector device, wherein

the first drive unit has an electric motor and a two-speed transmission which is shiftable automatically and interacts with
the electric motor, and

the second drive unit has an internal combustion engine and a further transmission which interacts with the internal combustion
engine,

wherein
the at least one control unit is programmed with at least three predefined condition criteria,
a change of gear speed from the second gear speed into the first gear speed is initiated when at least one of the at least
three predefined condition criteria is met, and

the at least three predefined condition criteria include
a) when the selector device for switching on the electric operating mode was operated by a driver during forward travel and
the vehicle velocity is in a defined lower velocity range,

b) when the selector device for switching on the electric operating mode was operated by the driver after reverse travel,
and forward travel takes place again, or

c) when a fuel tank empty signal is present.

US Pat. No. 9,581,096

CONTROL METHOD FOR ADJUSTING THE HYDROCARBON CONCENTRATION IN AN ACTIVE CARBON FILTER OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A control method for adjusting hydrocarbon concentration in an active carbon filter of a tank ventilation device of a motor
vehicle, the method comprising the acts of:
detecting an operational parameter of the internal combustion engine of the motor vehicle;
determining a hydrocarbon content of a tank gas mixture in the tank ventilation device; and
opening a tank ventilation valve of the tank ventilation device for a defined length of time as a function of the determined
hydrocarbon content when the operational parameter of the internal combustion engine indicates an overrun mode or a standstill
caused by a start-stop system of the internal combustion engine.

US Pat. No. 9,527,446

METHOD FOR ALIGNING AT LEAST ONE REAR-VIEW MIRROR OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for aligning at least one rear view mirror or other optical component of a motor vehicle, the method comprising
the acts of:
determining, via an interior sensor system, a current eye position of the driver upon actuation of a control element provided
to initiate alignment of the at least one rear view mirror or other optical component;

when the current eye position of the driver is determined following the actuation of the control element to initiate the alignment,
automatically aligning the at least one rear view mirror or other optical component as a function of the determined eye position
of the driver; and

when the current eye position cannot be determined following the actuation of the control element to initiate the alignment,
outputting to the driver an indication that the current eye position of the driver cannot be determined.

US Pat. No. 9,487,087

ENERGY-OPTIMIZED ACCELERATION CONTROL FOR MOTOR VEHICLES

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. An acceleration control method for a motor vehicle comprising at least one of an internal-combustion engine and an electric
motor, and a transmission unit and an accelerator element operable by the driver for accelerating the motor vehicle, the method
comprising the acts of:
providing an accelerator element operable with an inflection point at which an increased restoring force occurs;
providing an acceleration control by which the motor vehicle is operable in at least two different operating modes, including
an energy-optimized acceleration mode during which adaptation of a parameterization of at least one of a characteristic engine
diagram, a generator control, and characteristic shifting curves for the motor vehicle reduces an amount of fuel consumption
that occurs during an acceleration of the motor vehicle as compared to an amount of fuel consumption that would have occurred
during the acceleration without said adaptation; and

during operation of the accelerator element, changing the acceleration control into the energy-optimized acceleration mode
upon reaching the inflection point.

US Pat. No. 9,428,130

ROOF FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A vehicle roof for a passenger motor vehicle, comprising:
a roof element;
a lining element by which the roof element is at least partially lined on a passenger compartment side of the motor vehicle;
and

an energy absorbing plate element coupled to the lining element in only a localized area so as to form at least one helmet
region of the passenger compartment and being operatively configured for at least partially decelerating an occupant impacting
the plate element at least indirectly during an accident-related application of force,

wherein the plate element has an essentially uniform thickness between a first broadside and a second broadside and is spaced
apart from the roof panel element, and

wherein the plate element is coupled to the lining element such that, as a consequence of being coupled to the lining element,
the plate element is configured to spring back-and-forth and apply opposing impetuses to the occupant upon the occupant impacting
the plate element during the accident-related application of force, thereby causing a partial deceleration of the occupant.

US Pat. No. 9,400,050

METHOD FOR SWITCHING A HYBRID DRIVE FROM ONE OPERATING MODE TO ANOTHER OPERATING MODE, AND A HYBRID VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

2. A hybrid vehicle, comprising:
a drive comprising an internal-combustion engine and at least one propulsion-generating electric machine, the drive being
operable in at least two different operating modes that are distinguishable according to a ratio of drive power generated
by the electric machine to the drive power generated by the internal-combustion engine;

a selecting device actuatable by a driver;
a transmission shiftable into different operating states via the selecting device;
a drive control unit operatively configured to control the drive according to a drive command given by a driver via an accelerator
element and the selecting device, and according to various driving state parameters and/or vehicle parameters,

wherein
the drive control unit shifts the drive from one operating mode to another operating mode upon the selecting device being
actuated,

the drive is in a first operating mode when the selecting device is in a first stable state,
the drive is in a second operating mode when the selecting device is in a second stable state, and
during a change-over of the drive from the second operating mode to the first operating mode initiated by the drive control
unit without any action of the selecting device by the driver, the drive control unit shifts the selecting device from the
second stable state to the first stable state.

US Pat. No. 9,286,689

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DETECTING THE GAIT OF A PEDESTRIAN FOR A PORTABLE TERMINAL

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method of operating a portable terminal for recognizing a pedestrians step, the method comprising the acts of:
acquiring, via an acquisition unit of the portable terminal operated by the pedestrian, a sequence of images of the pedestrian;
detecting, in each image of the sequence of images, an object representing at least a part of a foot, a shoe, and/or a leg
of the pedestrian;

determining a position of the object in the respective image;
recognizing a step of the pedestrian as a function of a position change of the object between at least two images of the sequence
of images; and

signaling to the pedestrian at least one of a current position and a determined route of the portable terminal based in part
on the recognized step.

US Pat. No. 9,273,564

DEVICE FOR DRIVING AN AUXILIARY UNIT

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A device for driving an auxiliary unit by a rotatably disposed drive shaft of an internal-combustion engine, the device
comprising:
a unit shaft supported at least partially in an auxiliary unit housing of the auxiliary unit;
a coupling by which the drive shaft and the unit shaft are coupled, the coupling being formed by coupling elements that are
at least one of coupled to at least one of the drive shaft and the unit shaft and integrally formed with at least one of the
drive shaft and the unit shaft; and

a first bearing arranged on an end of the unit shaft opposite an end of the unit shaft at which the coupling is located,
wherein
the coupling further serves as a second bearing of the unit shaft at the end of the unit shaft adjacent to the coupling, and
the unit shaft has at least one cam located between the first bearing and the coupling.

US Pat. No. 9,044,906

METHOD AND FORMING TOOL FOR PRODUCING A FIBER COMPOSITE PREFORM

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for producing a multi-dimensionally profiled preform from a pre-impregnated or binder-crosslinked, multidirectional
fiber composite material in a forming tool having a top tool component and a bottom tool component, wherein in a closed position
the top and bottom tool components define a shaping gap therebetween, the shaping gap being profiled in conformity with the
preform, the method comprising the acts of:
in a course of closing the top and bottom tool components, re-tightening the fiber composite material while simultaneously
retaining a tensioning force via a tensioning frame that envelopes the top and bottom tool components;

in order to compensate for excess material in regions where a shaping gap has a weaker profile, increasingly deforming the
fiber composite material in the form of a bead, that is formed within a cavity defined by the bottom tool component, in an
edge trimming zone of the preform between the shaping gap and the tensioning frame in synchronism with a closing movement
of the top and bottom tool components at a start of a material forming process, wherein

the top tool component includes a deflecting rib which dips increasingly further into the cavity in synchronism with the closing
movement of the tool after the start of the material forming operation.

US Pat. No. 10,093,258

ARRANGEMENT FOR ABSORBING KINETIC ENERGY

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. An arrangement for absorbing kinetic energy acting on a front bumper of a vehicle, comprising:at least one pedestrian protection element that is arrangeable on a cross member of the bumper;
at least one absorption element that is arrangeable on the cross member and is movable in a longitudinal direction of the vehicle relative to the cross member between a front absorption position and a rear release position; and
at least one locking device which is arrangeable on the cross member and by which the at least one absorption element is temporarily lockable in its absorption position,
wherein, in the absorption position, the absorption element is connected in parallel with the pedestrian protection element with regard to introduction of force into the bumper that is brought about by the kinetic energy.

US Pat. No. 10,071,770

LONGITUDINAL SUPPORT DEVICE FOR SUPPORTING A FRONT ENGINE IN A MOTOR VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. An engine support device for supporting an engine arranged in a front-end vehicle structure of a motor vehicle, the device comprising:a first half-shell, which has a first end section, a second end section opposite the first end section, and a first side cheek section, and is provided as an exterior shell in a condition installed in the motor vehicle, and
a second half-shell, which has a third end section, a fourth end section opposite the third end section, a middle section arranged between the third and the fourth end section and a second side cheek section, and is provided as an interior shell in a condition installed in the motor vehicle, wherein
the first and the second half-shells are designed for extending essentially in a longitudinal direction of the motor vehicle,
the first side cheek section continuously has straight edges from the first end section to the second end section,
the second side cheek section continuously has straight edges from the third end section to the middle section,
the second side cheek section has a first offset between the middle section and the fourth end section in the direction of the first side cheek section, and, in a first longitudinal section which contains the first offset, approaches the first side cheek section by a difference in distance which corresponds to the first offset, and
the second side cheek section rests against the first side cheek section at least in the fourth and second end sections respectively, in an essentially flat manner.

US Pat. No. 10,030,572

COOLANT CIRCUIT FOR AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A coolant circuit for an internal combustion engine having a compression machine for intake air, the coolant circuit comprising:a high-temperature circuit;
a low-temperature circuit; and
a controller, wherein
the high-temperature circuit is configured to cool, using a first coolant, the internal combustion engine via a first coolant radiator and a first coolant pump arranged in the high-temperature circuit,
the low-temperature circuit comprises:
a second coolant pump;
a second coolant radiator;
a first valve disposed upstream or downstream of an intercooler; and
a second valve disposed upstream or downstream of a condenser, wherein
the controller is configured to control opening or closing of the first and second valves differently between an idling operation of the engine and a driving operation of the engine to cool, using a second coolant separate from the first coolant, air compressed by the compression machine via the intercooler and to cool, using the second coolant, a refrigerant of a refrigeration cycle in the condenser, and
the high-temperature circuit and the low-temperature circuit are cooling circuits that are completely separated from each other.

US Pat. No. 9,689,548

LIGHTING DEVICE FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A lighting device for a motor vehicle, comprising:
a light source made of a number of semiconductor diodes; and
a scanning apparatus onto which light from the light source is incident and which, when the lighting device is in operation,
produces a time-varying deflection of the incident light from the light source and, thereby, a predetermined light distribution
at a distance from the lighting device,

wherein the scanning apparatus comprises at least two separately actuatable scanners, onto which in each case a separate light
beam produced from the light of the light source is incident, the deflection of which light beam is varied in time by the
respective scanner,

wherein a stop is arranged in the beam path of the light beams after deflection by the scanning apparatus, and
wherein the stop brings about a subdivision of an image plane into two regions.

US Pat. No. 9,640,808

OPERATING METHOD FOR A FUEL CELL SYSTEM

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method of operating a fuel cell system equipped with a cooling system via which waste heat of fuel cells of the fuel
cell system is dissipated into surrounding air, and a tank designed to withstand an internal pressure of the order of 150
bar and more, the tank storing fuel in a cryogenic state and having a heat exchanger in its storage volume, the method comprising
the acts of:
supplying heat to fuel stored in the tank via a heat transfer medium of the heat exchanger in order to maintain pressure in
the tank at a predefined internal pressure to compensate for a pressure reduction resulting from removal of fuel from the
tank; and

when the fuel cell system is at operating points or in operating states in which an amount of waste heat being generated by
the fuel cells is greater than a heat dissipation capacity of the cooling system to the surrounding air, changing from supplying
heat to the fuel in the storage tank to maintain the predetermined level to supplying at least a portion of the waste heat
from the fuel cells to the heat exchanger in the tank in excess of an amount of heat required to maintain the predefined pressure
level until a predefined limit value for the internal pressure in the tank is reached.

US Pat. No. 9,616,705

VEHICLE WHEEL WITH A RIM MADE OF FIBER-REINFORCED SYNTHETIC MATERIAL

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A vehicle wheel, comprising:
a rim having a rim well, both sides of which are adjoined by a respective rim shoulder, and each rim shoulder transitioning
into a rim flange, wherein

the rim well is formed by several layers of a fiber-reinforced synthetic semi-finished product of a base laminate extending
up to the rim flange, and

further layers are arranged between said several layers in a region of the rim shoulder and the rim flange, the further layers
originating from an area of the rim shoulder and extending to an area of the rim flange.

US Pat. No. 9,566,958

DRIVER ASSISTANCE SYSTEM IN A MOTOR VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A driver assistance system in a motor vehicle, comprising:
an electronically controllable braking system;
an operating element in the motor vehicle assigned to the electronically controllable braking system;
a control unit, in the motor vehicle, operatively coupled to the electronically controllable braking system and the operating
element, wherein when the operating element is actuated, an automatic braking function is initiated to carry out normal braking
via the electronically controllable braking system independent of any actuation of a brake pedal; and

wherein the control unit is operatively configured such that, when the operating element is continuously actuated beyond a
predefined minimum duration, an emergency braking function is initiated via the electronically controllable braking system.