US Pat. No. 9,091,251

ACTUATION METHOD AND APPARATUS, MICROPUMP, AND PCR ENHANCEMENT METHOD

Boise State University, ...

1. An actuation method comprising:
rotating a magnetic field about an axis of rotation;
exposing magnetic shape memory (MSM) material comprised by at least one MSM element to different portions of the magnetic
field as a result of rotating the magnetic field, the MSM material having a dimension; and

contracting the MSM material locally across the dimension in a first part of the MSM material in response to local exposure
to a first component of the magnetic field substantially parallel to the dimension while simultaneously not contracting the
MSM material locally in a second part exposed to a second component of the magnetic field not substantially parallel to the
dimension, the contracted first part of the MSM material being located at a position within the magnetic field of sufficient
flux density to produce the local contraction and the not-contracted second part of the MSM material also being located at
such a position, but not contracting due to the not substantially parallel direction of the second component.

US Pat. No. 9,574,489

MULTI-STAGE TURBO WITH CONTINUOUS FEEDBACK CONTROL

BOISE STATE UNIVERSITY, ...

1. A method for controlling a multi-stage turbocharger system of an internal combustion engine with an intake manifold, comprising:
sensing a first boost pressure in a cold pipe that extends between a first turbocharger and a second turbocharger with a sensor
disposed within the cold pipe, the first boost pressure corresponding to a boosted output of the first turbocharger;

sensing a second boost pressure corresponding to an output of the second turbocharger, the first and second turbochargers
being disposed in series and the second turbocharger further compressing the output of the first turbocharger;

determining a target boost pressure ratio of the lower first boost pressure to the higher second boost pressure using a computerized
controller having a processor and system memory, wherein the controller does not regulate an overall manifold pressure at
the intake manifold;

operating the engine over a range of operating parameters, the operating parameters changing at least one of the first and
second boost pressures; and

adjusting operation of at least one of the first and second turbochargers by the controller during operation of the engine
to modify at least one of the first and second boost pressures toward maintaining the target boost pressure ratio.

US Pat. No. 9,140,720

FEEDBACK CONTROLLER IN PROBE MICROSCOPE UTILIZING A SWITCH AND A INVERTER

BOISE STATE UNIVERSITY, ...

1. A microscopy device for measuring properties of soft materials, the device comprising:
a cantilever;
an actuator connected to the cantilever and configured to resist deflection of the cantilever;
an optical detector configured to detect deflection of the cantilever, wherein the optical detector is communicably connected
to the actuator;

a piezotube arranged in proximity to the cantilever;
a first feedback controller communicably connected between the optical detector and the actuator;
a second feedback controller communicably connected between the optical detector and the piezotube via a switch comprising
a first ON position, a second ON position, and an OFF position, and wherein the second feedback controller is configured to
impel movement of the piezotube along a Z-axis when the switch is in the first ON position;

a scan signal source communicably connected to the piezotube and configured to impel movement of the piezotube along an X-
and a Y-axis; and

an inverter coupled to the second ON position of the switch.

US Pat. No. 9,118,006

CARBON-CHALCOGENIDE VARIABLE RESISTANCE MEMORY DEVICE

Boise State University, ...

23. A variable resistance memory device comprising:
a first electrode;
a second electrode;
a first chalcogenide material layer between the first and second electrodes, the chalcogenide layer comprising carbon incorporated
into germanium selenide chalcogenide glass; and

a first metallic layer between the first chalcogenide material layer and the second electrode.

US Pat. No. 9,583,699

TUNABLE VARIABLE RESISTANCE MEMORY DEVICE

BOISE STATE UNIVERSITY, ...

1. A variable resistance memory device comprising:
a first electrode and a second electrode;
a chalcogenide glass layer between the first electrode and the second electrode, the chalcogenide glass layer including a
chalcogenide glass material co-deposited with a metal material;

a metal ion source structure between the chalcogenide glass layer and the second electrode;
a metal chalcogenide layer between the chalcogenide glass layer and the metal ion source structure;
a buffer layer between the first electrode and the chalcogenide glass layer, wherein the buffer layer includes the chalcogenide
glass material and excludes the metal material; and

a second buffer layer between the chalcogenide glass layer and the metal chalcogenide layer.

US Pat. No. 9,583,703

TUNABLE VARIABLE RESISTANCE MEMORY DEVICE

BOISE STATE UNIVERSITY, ...

1. A variable resistance memory device comprising:
a first electrode and a second electrode;
a chalcogenide glass layer between the first electrode and the second electrode, the chalcogenide glass layer including a
chalcogenide glass material co-deposited with a metal material;

a metal ion source structure between the chalcogenide glass layer and the second electrode; and
a buffer layer between the first electrode and the chalcogenide glass layer, wherein the buffer layer includes the chalcogenide
glass material and excludes the metal material.

US Pat. No. 9,393,293

CHOLERA TOXIN CHIMERA AND ITS USE AS A STAPH VACCINE

Boise State University, ...

1. A chimeric protein comprising an amino acid sequence that is at least 90% identical to SEQ ID NO: 2 or an amino acid sequence
that is at least 90% identical to SEQ ID NO: 3 and a truncated iron-regulated surface determinant A (IsdA) protein of S. aureus of SEQ ID NO: 4 as present within the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 5 or SEQ ID NO: 6.
US Pat. No. 9,550,828

ONCOSTATIN M (OSM) ANTAGONISTS FOR PREVENTING CANCER METASTASIS AND IL-6 RELATED DISORDERS

Boise State University, ...

1. A method of inhibiting or reducing tumor cell detachment, proliferation and/or metastasis comprising:
administering to a subject in need thereof an effective amount of an Oncostatin M (OSM) antagonist, wherein reducing tumor
cell detachment, proliferation and/or metastasis comprises reducing size or number of lung metastases; and wherein expression
or activity of OSM is reduced, and wherein said OSM antagonist is one or more of OSM-SMI-8, OSM-SMI-10, or OSM-SMI-11.

US Pat. No. 9,091,705

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR HIGH-SPEED ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY WITH SWITCHING BETWEEN TWO FEEDBACK LOOPS

Boise State University, ...

1. A high-speed atomic force microscope comprising:
a cantilever having a probe;
a piezotube arranged in proximity to the probe;
an optical detector configured to detect deflection of the cantilever;
a circuit element abutting a first end of the cantilever and configured to exert a force on the cantilever to resist deflection
of the cantilever;

wherein the circuit element is communicably connected to the optical detector by a first feedback loop; and
a feedback controller communicably connected to the piezotube and configured to modulate the piezotube along the Z-axis towards
and away from the probe;

wherein the feedback controller is communicably connected to the optical detector through a second feedback loop; and
a switch communicably connected between the optical detector and the first and second feedback loops.

US Pat. No. 9,819,287

MAGNETIC SHAPE MEMORY ELEMENT LINEAR MOTOR SYSTEMS AND METHODS

BOISE STATE UNIVERSITY, ...

1. A motor apparatus comprising:
a magnetic shape memory (MSM) element;
a magnetic field generator; and
a rod in contact with the magnetic shape memory element, the rod including at least one protrusion from a surface of the rod,
the protrusion retained by an indentation on a surface of the MSM element.

US Pat. No. 9,943,582

CHOLERA TOXIN CHIMERA AND ITS USE AS A STAPH VACCINE

Boise State University, ...

1. A chimeric protein comprising an amino acid sequence that is at least 90% identical to SEQ ID NO: 2 or an amino acid sequence that is at least 90% identical to SEQ ID NO: 3 and a truncated iron-regulated surface determinant A (IsdA) protein of S. aureus of SEQ ID NO: 4 as present within the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 5 or SEQ ID NO: 6.

US Pat. No. 9,914,960

ENHANCED DNA SENSING VIA CATALYTIC AGGREGATION OF GOLD NANOPARTICLES BY DNA HYBRIDIZATION CHAIN REACTION

Boise State University, ...

14. A method for detecting the presence of a target sequence comprising:
contacting a sample suspected of containing said target sequence, with first and second linker sequences that bind with said
target, and with gold nanoparticles;

wherein said target comprises sequences a? and b? and said first linker includes the complement of a? and b? and the sequence
b? with a hairpin, c, and said second linker includes the complement of hairpin c, the complement of b? and a less than full-length
complement of a? and does not form a hairpin, so that said linkers form linker target duplexes and aggregate in the presence
said target sequence; and thereafter

detecting the presence of aggregates and thus the target sequence by colorimetric detection.

US Pat. No. 9,917,365

RECONFIGURABLE ANTENNAS FOR MILLIMETER-WAVE SYSTEMS THAT SUPPORT MULTIPLE BEAMS

BOISE STATE UNIVERSITY, ...

1. An apparatus comprising:
two or more active antenna elements with a corresponding antenna pattern;
a single radio frequency signal chain communicatively coupled with the two or more active antenna elements;
multiple passive antenna elements in proximity to the two or more active antenna elements, wherein the multiple passive antenna
elements alter the antenna pattern to form multiple simultaneous beams associated with the two or more active antenna elements.

US Pat. No. 10,286,070

ONCOSTATIN M (OSM) ANTAGONISTS FOR PREVENTING CANCER METASTASIS AND IL-6 RELATED DISORDERS

Boise State University, ...

1. A kit of parts for use in inhibiting or reducing tumor cell detachment, proliferation and/or metastasis, comprising an OSM antagonist, and an administration vehicle, wherein said OSM antagonist is one or more of OSM-SMI-8, OSM-SMI-10, or OSM-SMI-11.

US Pat. No. 10,512,162

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR STRAIN SENSING USING AEROSOL JET PRINTING OF FLEXIBLE CAPACITIVE STRAIN GAUGES

BOISE STATE UNIVERSITY, ...

1. A device comprising:a flexible substrate;
a flexible integrated circuit within the flexible substrate, the integrated circuit having at least one input electrode positioned on a surface of the flexible substrate; and
an aerosol-jet printed conductive ink layer disposed on the surface of the flexible substrate, the aerosol jet printed conductive ink layer having a pattern that includes a first set of fingers interdigitated with a second set of fingers, the aerosol-jet printed conductive ink layer in contact with the at least one input electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,260,486

ACTUATION VIA MAGNETIC TORQUE DRIVEN DEFORMATION

BOISE STATE UNIVERSITY, ...

1. A method comprising:retaining, at an anchor, a first end of an actuation member, wherein a length of the actuation member is greater than a width of the actuation member and the length extends from the first end of the actuation member to a second end of the actuation member along a longitudinal axis when the actuation member is undeformed, and wherein the actuation member comprises a magnetic shape memory alloy;
deforming the actuation member with a magnetic field, wherein a crystallographic orientation of the actuation member relative to the magnetic field causes the second end of the actuation member to move laterally to the longitudinal axis; and
altering, at a magnetic field source, the magnetic field applied to the actuation member to alter the deformation of the actuation member.
US Pat. No. 10,383,933

CHOLERA TOXIN CHIMERA AND ITS USE AS A STAPH VACCINE

Boise State University, ...

1. A chimeric protein capable of generating an immune response in a mammal comprising:a truncated clumping factor A (ClfA) protein of Staphylococcus aureus consisting of amino acids 287-559 of SEQ ID NO: 25 and
an adjuvant protein, wherein said adjuvant protein is cholera toxin subunit A (CTA), cholera toxin subunit B (CTB), heat labile toxin subunit B, or Shiga toxin subunit B.

US Pat. No. 10,500,587

FERRO-MAGNETIC SHAPE MEMORY ALLOY MICROCAVITY FLUID SENSOR

BOISE STATE UNIVERSITY, ...

1. A micropump comprising:a body;
an inlet defined within the body;
an outlet defined within the body;
a channel connecting the inlet to the outlet;
a magnetic shape memory alloy positioned within the channel forming a barrier between the inlet and the outlet;
at least one electrode positioned along a surface of the channel within the body; and
a cavity formed within a surface of the magnetic shape memory alloy due to a magnetic field, the cavity selectively moveable between a first position adjacent to the inlet, a second position adjacent to the electrode, and a third position adjacent to the outlet, by altering the magnetic field;
at least a second electrode, wherein the at least one electrode, the second electrode, and the magnetic shape memory alloy make up a group of three electrodes in contact with a fluid within the cavity when the cavity is in the second position; and
a voltage source to enable application of a voltage potential to the fluid, wherein the voltage source is coupled in series between at least two of the group of three electrodes, and wherein the remaining electrode of the group of three electrodes is configured to enable measurement of a common voltage during application of the voltage potential.

US Pat. No. 10,408,215

ELECTRICALLY DRIVEN MAGNETIC SHAPE MEMORY APPARATUS AND METHOD

BOISE STATE UNIVERSITY, ...

1. A micropump apparatus comprising:a plate having a surface with a first opening and a second opening defined therein, the first opening and the second opening passing through the plate;
a magnetic shape memory (MSM) element positioned flush with the surface and adjacent to the first opening and the second opening, the MSM element configured to contract locally and form a neck that defines a cavity at a portion of the MSM element in response to local exposure, at the portion of the MSM element, to a magnetic field distribution component that is substantially perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of the MSM element; and
a plurality of conductive coils having a common central axis that is laterally offset from the MSM element, the common central axis substantially parallel to the longitudinal axis of the MSM element, and the plurality of conductive coils spaced along the MSM element from the first opening of the surface to the second opening of the surface.

US Pat. No. 10,535,457

ELECTRICALLY DRIVEN MAGNETIC SHAPE MEMORY APPARATUS AND METHOD

BOISE STATE UNIVERSITY, ...

1. A micropump apparatus comprising:a surface having a first opening and a second opening defined therein;
a magnetic shape memory (MSM) element positioned flush with the surface and adjacent to the first opening and the second opening, the MSM element configured to contract locally at a portion of the MSM element in response to local exposure, at the portion of the MSM element, to a perpendicular concentrated portion of a magnetic field; and
a plurality of conductive coils having a common central axis that is laterally offset from the MSM element, wherein the common central axis is substantially parallel to a longitudinal axis of the MSM element, and wherein the plurality of conductive coils is spaced along the MSM element from the first opening of the surface to the second opening of the surface.