US Pat. No. 9,094,385

INTELLIGENT SENSOR AND CONTROLLER FRAMEWORK FOR THE POWER GRID

Battelle Memorial Institu...

40. A method implemented with a hardware node comprising a network interface and a sensor operable for measuring an electrical
characteristic of a power line, electrical generator, or electrical device associated with the sensor, the method comprising:
with the hardware node:
validating a software agent received at the network interface, the software agent including resource requirement information
indicating resources used to execute the software agent;

comparing the resource requirements information to available resources for at least one of the agent execution environments
prior to executing instructions for the software agent within the at least one of the agent execution environments;

when the comparing indicates that the resource requirements are valid, executing agent code that is included with the software
agent and collecting data measured using the sensor; and

storing the collected data in a data container of the software agent and transmitting the software agent, along with the stored
data, to a next destination.

US Pat. No. 9,437,880

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING A FUEL CELL STACK HAVING AN ELECTRICALLY CONDUCTIVE INTERCONNECT

Delphi Technologies, Inc....

1. A method of manufacturing a solid oxide fuel cell stack having an electrically conductive interconnect, comprising the
steps of:
(a) providing a first fuel cell and a second fuel cell, wherein each of said fuel cells include an electrolyte sandwiched
between an anode and a cathode;

(b) providing a substrate comprising an iron-chromium alloy, wherein said substrate includes a first surface and a second
surface opposite of said first surface;

(c) depositing a layer of metallic cobalt over at least a portion of at least one of said first and second surfaces;
(d) subjecting said layer of metallic cobalt to reducing conditions for a predetermined time and temperature, such that a
portion of said metallic cobalt is diffused into said iron-chromium alloy substrate, thereby forming a layer of cobalt-iron-chromium
alloy;

(e) then exposing the remaining portion of said layer of metallic cobalt to oxidizing conditions for a predetermined time
and temperature, such that the surface portion of said layer of metallic cobalt is oxidized to cobalt oxide, thereby forming
said electrically conductive interconnect comprising said layer of metallic cobalt sandwiched between a surface layer of cobalt
oxide and said layer of cobalt-iron-chromium alloy; and

(f) sandwiching said substrate between said first and second fuel cells, wherein said first surface of substrate is in electrical
contact said anode of first fuel cell and said second surface of substrate is in electrical contact with said cathode of said
second fuel cell.

US Pat. No. 9,070,942

NANOCOMPOSITE OF GRAPHENE AND METAL OXIDE MATERIALS

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A nanocomposite material comprising a metal oxide bonded directly to a graphene layer, wherein the graphene layer consists
essentially of 1 to 147 graphene sheets, the nanocomposite material having a specific capacity at least twice that of the
metal oxide without the graphene layer at a charge/discharge rate greater than about 10 C.

US Pat. No. 9,289,625

BRACHYTHERAPY SEED WITH FAST DISSOLVING MATRIX FOR OPTIMAL DELIVERY OF RADIONUCLIDES TO CANCER TISSUE

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A brachytherapy seed consisting essentially of a mixture of a crystalline radioisotope and individual particles of sorbitol
coated with biodegradable polymer.

US Pat. No. 9,245,725

ION TRAP DEVICE

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. An ion trap device comprising:
a. a series of electrodes that define an ion flow path;
b. a first radio frequency (RF) field applied to the series of electrodes such that a first RF waveform on each electrode
is phase shifted approximately 180 degrees from the first RF waveform on an adjacent electrode;

c. a DC voltage superimposed with the RF field to create a DC gradient to drive ions in the direction of the gradient; and
d. two or more wires substantially perpendicular to the ion path, and substantially parallel to one another, to repel the
ions and confine them axially, wherein a second RF waveform applied to each wire is phase shifted approximately 180 degrees
from the second RF waveform applied to an adjacent wire by application of a second RF field to the wires, wherein the ions
are selectively released from the device by reducing the RF field applied to the wires, and wherein the device is gridless.

US Pat. No. 9,311,493

SYSTEM FOR PROCESSING AN ENCRYPTED INSTRUCTION STREAM IN HARDWARE

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A system for processing an encrypted instruction stream in hardware comprising:
a. a main memory for storing the encrypted instruction stream and unencrypted data;
b. a central processing unit (CPU) operatively coupled to the main memory via a unified instruction and data bus;
c. a decryptor coupled to the unified instruction and data bus, wherein the decryptor decrypts the encrypted instruction stream
upon receipt of an instruction fetch signal from a CPU core and wherein the decryptor passes the unencrypted data through
without decryption upon receipt of a data fetch signal from the CPU core, wherein the CPU only executes instructions that
have been decrypted by the CPU; and

d. a boot controller for initializing the CPU to start executing the encrypted instruction stream immediately without requiring
an unencrypted software boot strapping routine, wherein the CPU is initialized with only encrypted instructions that have
already been encrypted off-line.

US Pat. No. 9,087,359

ELECTRIC POWER GRID CONTROL USING A MARKET-BASED RESOURCE ALLOCATION SYSTEM

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A method comprising:
receiving at an intermediary computing system a plurality of requests for electricity from a plurality of electricity consumers,
wherein each of the plurality of requests indicates a requested quantity of electricity and a consumer-requested index value
indicative of a maximum price a respective electricity consumer is willing to pay for the requested quantity of electricity;

receiving at the intermediary computing system a plurality of offers for supplying electricity from a plurality of electricity
suppliers, wherein each of the plurality of offers indicates an offered quantity of electricity and a supplier-requested index
value indicative of a minimum price for which a respective electricity supplier is willing supply the offered quantity of
electricity; and

with the intermediary computing system, determining a dispatched index value indicating a price at which electricity is to
be supplied and purchased based at least in part on the consumer-requested index values and the supplier-requested index values.

US Pat. No. 9,346,680

MESOPOROUS METAL OXIDE GRAPHENE NANOCOMPOSITE MATERIALS

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. An energy storage device comprising a nanocomposite material having a plurality of layers each layer of the plurality of
layers comprising a graphene layer and a mesoporous metal oxide layer having pores with diameters ranging from about 1 nm
to about 30 nm, the metal oxide layer bonded directly to at least one of the graphene layer, the plurality of layers of the
nanocomposite material thereby forming an ordered stacked-layers structure.

US Pat. No. 9,468,043

CARBON NANOTUBE THIN FILM LAMINATE RESISTIVE HEATER

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A laminated resistive heater, comprising: a polymeric substrate, a carbon nanotube (CNT) resistive heating layer having
an interior that is substantially polymer-free disposed on the substrate, first and second electrical leads connected to the
CNT layer, a protective layer disposed on a side of the CNT layer opposite the side facing the substrate, and a pressure sensitive
adhesive (psa) disposed on a side of the substrate opposite the side on which the CNT layer is disposed; and wherein the CNT
resistive heating layer is arranged in a plurality of separated rows disposed on the polymeric substrate.

US Pat. No. 9,240,026

FORWARD-LOOKING TRANSACTIVE PRICING SCHEMES FOR USE IN A MARKET-BASED RESOURCE ALLOCATION SYSTEM

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A method for operating an electrical device in a market-based resource allocation system, the method comprising:
receiving, by computing hardware associated with the electrical device, a user comfort setting selected by a user, the user
comfort setting being selected from at least a first user comfort setting and a second user comfort setting, the first user
comfort setting indicating the user's willingness to pay more to achieve a desired performance level for the electrical device
relative to the second user comfort setting;

receiving, by the computing hardware, a cleared price for electricity from a local resource allocation market from which the
electrical device receives electricity;

receiving, by the computing hardware, price information from an electricity futures market;
computing, by the computing hardware, a probability value of operating the electrical device based at least in part on the
user comfort setting, the cleared price for electricity from the local resource allocation market, and the price information
from the electricity futures market;

generating, by the computing hardware, a random number;
determining, by the computing hardware, whether to operate the electrical device by comparing the random number to the probability
value; and

activating or deactivating, by the computing hardware, the electrical device based on the comparison between the random number
and the probability value.

US Pat. No. 9,092,631

COMPUTER-IMPLEMENTED SECURITY EVALUATION METHODS, SECURITY EVALUATION SYSTEMS, AND ARTICLES OF MANUFACTURE

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A computer-implemented security evaluation method comprising:
accessing information regarding a physical architecture and a cyber architecture of a facility;
building a model of the facility comprising a plurality of physical areas of the physical architecture, a plurality of cyber
areas of the cyber architecture, and a plurality of pathways between the physical areas and the cyber areas;

identifying a target within the facility;
executing the model a plurality of times to simulate a plurality of attacks against the target by at least one adversary traversing
at least one of the physical areas and at least one of the cyber areas;

using results of the executing, providing information regarding a security risk of the facility with respect to the target;
wherein individual executions of the model comprise initiating counting of a timer once the at least one adversary is detected;
and

wherein the providing comprises providing information indicating whether the at least one adversary reached the target during
the executions of the model using information of the timer.

US Pat. No. 9,076,368

IMAGE GENERATION SYSTEMS AND IMAGE GENERATION METHODS

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. An image generation system comprising:
an attachment system configured to secure the image generation system to a head of an observer in a position to be observed
by the observer;

an illumination system having an exit pupil located at least substantially at infinity and configured to emit at least substantially
collimated light;

a light modulator configured to receive the light from the illumination system and to selectively reflect at least some of
the received light which corresponds to an image;

a control system coupled with the light modulator and configured to access data content regarding the image, to generate a
plurality of control signals according to the accessed data content, and to output the control signals to the light modulator
to control the selective reflection of at least some of the received light;

an output optical system configured to direct the selectively reflected light towards an eye of the observer to be observed
by the observer; and

wherein the output optical system is configured to direct the selectively reflected light as a plurality of at least substantially
collimated light beams in parallel towards the observer's eye.

US Pat. No. 9,406,960

ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS HAVING AN ELECTRODE COMPRISING LIXSY

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. An energy storage system comprising:
a lithium-sulfur redox flow energy storage system comprising a first fluid inlet and a first fluid outlet connectable to a
fluid supply tank, a first electrode current collector, a second electrode current collector, an ion-permeable separator separating
the first and second electrode current collectors, a second electrode between the second electrode current collector and the
separator, a first electrode between the first electrode current collector and the separator, and wherein the first electrode
comprises a first condensed-phase fluid comprising LixSy, wherein x is from about 0 to about 4 and y is from about 1 to about 8, wherein the first condensed-phase fluid can flow
in through the first fluid inlet and out through the first fluid outlet; and

wherein the first electrode current collector and first electrode are negative, and the second electrode current collector
and second electrode are positive.

US Pat. No. 9,370,749

POROUS MULTI-COMPONENT MATERIAL FOR THE CAPTURE AND SEPARATION OF SPECIES OF INTEREST

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A composite material for capture and concentration of a species of interest, comprising:
a. a substrate;
b. a porous composite thin film formed by mixing a porous polymer with a nanostructured material, wherein the porous polymer
is present in a range from 5 wt % to about 40 wt % based on the weight of the porous composite thin film, wherein the porous
polymer includes strands randomly dispersed within the nanostructured material and binding the nanostructured material, and
the substrate is coated by the porous composite thin film, wherein the species of interest is captured and concentrated in
the porous composite thin film for trace level detection in air or aqueous environments;

wherein the porous polymer is one of the following: polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), hydroxypropyl
cellulose (HPC), sulfonated tetrafluoroethylene, and polyamide;

wherein the nanostructured material comprises a network of a plurality of nanoporous particles wherein each nanoporous particle
comprises nanoporous silica, nanofiber silica, mesoporous silica, composites of mesoporous silica, carbon nanotube, metal-organic
framework (MOF), graphene, high surface area polymer, a ceramic, mesoporous carbon, activated carbon, a metal oxide, a metal
or any combinations thereof; and

c. surface chemistry on the nanostructured particle, wherein the surface chemistry is chemically functionalized prior to inclusion
to the porous composite thin film.

US Pat. No. 9,075,132

DEVELOPMENT OF A CONTRAST PHANTOM FOR ACTIVE MILLIMETER WAVE IMAGING SYSTEMS

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A contrast phantom for calibrating an active millimeter wave imaging system comprising:
a first section with a first reflectivity;
a second section with a second reflectivity; and
a third section with a third reflectivity, with the first, second and third reflectivities incrementally increasing in discrete
steps, when used.

US Pat. No. 9,055,905

APPARATUSES AND METHODS OF DETERMINING IF A PERSON OPERATING EQUIPMENT IS EXPERIENCING AN ELEVATED COGNITIVE LOAD

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A method of determining if a person operating equipment is experiencing an elevated cognitive load, said method comprising
the steps of:
collecting a first set of data related to the person's operation of a device at a first time;
processing said first set of data to establish a baseline signature, wherein the step of processing said first set of data
to establish a baseline signature comprises the equation


or the equation

collecting a second set of data related to the person's operation of the device at a second time;
processing said second set of data to establish a performance signature; and
comparing said performance signature to said baseline signature to determine whether the person is experiencing an elevated
cognitive load at said second time.

US Pat. No. 9,443,708

ION IMPLANTATION SYSTEM AND PROCESS FOR ULTRASENSITIVE DETERMINATION OF TARGET ISOTOPES

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A method for ultrasensitive determination of a target isotope in a sample, the method comprising the steps of:
mass-selecting ions of the target isotope in a mass-selective spectrometer introduced from a high-temperature plasma source
to isolate the target isotope from sample matrix components and/or contaminants present in the sample;

implanting the isolated target isotope onto the surface of a high-purity substrate in an implant area of a selected size to
pre-concentrate the target isotope thereon free of sample matrix components and/or contaminants;

implanting a known quantity of a tracer isotope in the implant area on the substrate to obtain a ratio of the target isotope
and the tracer isotope in the solid state that defines an isotope dilution standard thereon;

ablating the implant area containing the target isotope and the tracer isotope; and
determining the concentration of the target isotope at a detection limit of at least about 108 atoms per cm2 or lower.

US Pat. No. 9,388,364

LIQUEFACTION PROCESSES AND SYSTEMS AND LIQUEFACTION PROCESS INTERMEDIATE COMPOSITIONS

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A liquefaction process comprising:
providing a biomass slurry solution having a temperature of at least 300° C. at a pressure of at least 2000 psig;
cooling the solution to a temperature of less than 150° C.; and
depressurizing the solution to release carbon dioxide from the solution and form at least part of a bio-oil foam.

US Pat. No. 9,354,146

SAMPLE PREPARATION FOR SPECTROSCOPY ANALYSIS

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A method to clean a sample for spectroscopic analysis, comprising:
receiving a slide substrate having a sample thereon;
fixing the sample to a substrate surface of the slide substrate at a sample fixing station, by applying heat to the slide
substrate for a predetermined heating time;

incubating the sample on the slide substrate at an incubation station, for a predetermined incubation time after fixing the
sample to the slide substrate;

washing the sample on the slide substrate at a washing station, after the sample has been incubated;
utilizing a dispenser that dispenses a solution comprising an organic solvent that is selected to remove interferant particles
from the slide substrate while retaining particles of interest that have been collected onto the slide substrate, where the
dispenser is common to the washing station and at least one of the fixing station and the incubation station; and

drying the sample at a drying station, by applying heat to the slide substrate for a predetermined drying time, wherein the
sample on the slide substrate after drying has retained particles of interest and interferant particles are removed from the
substrate.

US Pat. No. 9,291,432

FERRO ELECTRO MAGNETIC ARMOR

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A gas producing device comprising a ferroelectric or ferromagnetic generator material wrapped by a conductor, wherein the
conductor is also in contact with a dielectric material,
wherein the ferroelectric or ferromagnetic generator material produces a magnetic flux,
wherein the conductor is wrapped around the ferroelectric or ferromagnetic generator material in a manner that an enclosed
magnetic flux is parallel or near parallel to a normal vector component of an area encompassed by the wrapped conductor.

US Pat. No. 9,269,108

FORWARD-LOOKING TRANSACTIVE PRICING SCHEMES FOR USE IN A MARKET-BASED RESOURCE ALLOCATION SYSTEM

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A method for generating an offer value for offering to supply electricity in a market-based resource allocation system,
comprising:
computing, by computing hardware, an offer value indicative of a value at which electricity can be supplied by a generator
for a current or next upcoming time frame, the offer value being based at least in part on dispatched index value information
from an electricity futures market, such that the dispatched index value information from the electricity futures market is
a factor in the computation of the offer value;

submitting, by the computing hardware, the offer value along with a value indicative of a quantity of electricity that can
be supplied by the generator during the current or the next upcoming time frame to a central computer that controls the resource
allocation system;

receiving, by the computing hardware, from the the central computer a dispatched index value for the current or upcoming time
frame, the dispatched index value being based at least in part on the submitted offer value;

comparing, by the computing hardware, the dispatched index value to the submitted offer value; and
activating or deactivating, by the computing hardware, the generator based on the comparison.

US Pat. No. 9,310,792

SCHEDULING AND MODELING THE OPERATION OF CONTROLLABLE AND NON-CONTROLLABLE ELECTRONIC DEVICES

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A method, comprising:
receiving data from a user concerning a power price limit below which the user prefers to have a controllable electronic device
operate;

determining estimated market prices of power for an upcoming period of time, the upcoming period of time including different
estimated market prices of power at different time intervals within the upcoming period of time, including a peak power price
time interval and a lower power price time interval during which the estimated market price of power is less than during the
peak power price time interval;

determining estimated operating times for the controllable electronic device throughout the upcoming period of time;
using computing hardware, generating a schedule for operating the controllable electronic device during the upcoming period
of time based at least in part on the estimated operating times for the controllable electronic device, the schedule for operating
the controllable electronic device including a scheduled operating time for the controllable electronic device occurring at
least partially during the lower power price time interval;

determining a current market price for power during the scheduled operating time;
determining information indicative of whether the current market price for power exceeds the power price limit;
transmitting the information to an information display for the controllable electronic device; and
displaying the information to the user at the information display for the controllable electronic device.
US Pat. No. 9,080,092

COMPOSITIONS FOR DEICING/ANTI-ICING

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A non-toxic deicing/anti-icing fluid comprising:
at least about 20% by weight of a freeze point depressant selected from the group consisting of short chain polyols having
3 to 5 carbon atoms, and mixtures thereof;

at least about 10% by weight of water;
a thickener;
a surfactant; and
a chelating agent;
the fluid having a viscosity of 15,000 cP or less at 20° C. and 0.06 sec?1 shear rate;

the fluid meeting all requirements of SAE/AMS 1428 or its revisions for a non-Newtonian, Type II, III, or IV aircraft deicing/anti-icing
fluid; and

the fluid having a low aquatic toxicity as measured by an LC50 of at least 1,000 mg/L.

US Pat. No. 9,069,847

DATA VISUALIZATION METHODS, DATA VISUALIZATION DEVICES, DATA VISUALIZATION APPARATUSES, AND ARTICLES OF MANUFACTURE

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A computer implemented document processing method comprising:
accessing a plurality of initial documents;
initially processing the initial documents to provide a plurality of initial representations for respective ones of the initial
documents, wherein the initial representations include a plurality of associations of the initial documents with a plurality
of features which occur in respective ones of the initial documents;

using the initial representations, initially identifying a plurality of associations of the initial documents with respect
to one another;

after the initially identifying, accessing a plurality of subsequent documents;
subsequently processing the subsequent documents to provide a plurality of subsequent representations for respective ones
of the subsequent documents, wherein the subsequent representations include a plurality of associations of the subsequent
documents with a plurality of features which occur in respective ones of the subsequent documents; and

using the initial and subsequent representations, subsequently identifying a plurality of associations of the initial documents
with respect to the subsequent documents.

US Pat. No. 9,234,626

CONFORMABLE PRESSURE VESSEL FOR HIGH PRESSURE GAS STORAGE

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A non-cylindrical pressure vessel storage tank comprising:
a. an internal structure, coupled to an inner surface of at least one wall of the storage tank, to shape and internally support
the storage tank; and

b. a conformability in a range of about 0.8 to 1.0;
wherein the internal structure is a Schwarz-P structured shape capped as an internal reinforcement lattice.

US Pat. No. 9,425,620

NESTED, HIERARCHICAL RESOURCE ALLOCATION SCHEMA FOR MANAGEMENT AND CONTROL OF AN ELECTRIC POWER GRID

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A method, comprising:
receiving a first plurality of requests for electrical power from a corresponding first plurality of electrical-power users,
wherein the first plurality of electrical-power users receive electrical power through a first feeder network controlled by
a first transmission node of an electrical power distribution network, wherein each of the first plurality of requests indicates
a requested quantity of electrical power and a requested price for the requested quantity of electrical power, and wherein
one or more of the first plurality of requests for electrical power are associated with price-responsive electrical devices;

receiving a second plurality of requests for electrical power from a corresponding second plurality of electrical-power users,
wherein the second plurality of electrical-power users receive electrical power through a second feeder network controlled
by a second transmission node of the electrical power distribution network, wherein each of the second plurality of requests
indicates a requested quantity of electrical power and a requested price for the requested quantity of electrical power, and
wherein one or more of the second plurality of requests for electrical power are associated with price-responsive electrical
devices;

receiving a plurality of offers for supplying electrical power to the first and second feeder networks, the plurality of offers
being from a corresponding plurality of resource suppliers, wherein each of the plurality of offers indicates an offered quantity
of electrical power and an offered price for the requested quantity of electrical power;

by computing hardware associated with the first feeder network, determining a first common price at which electrical power
is to be supplied to the first plurality of electrical-power users on the first feeder network based at least in part on the
requested prices and the offered prices of the first plurality of requests, the first determined common price being unique
to the first feeder network;

by computing hardware associated with the second feeder network, determining a second common price at which electrical power
is to be supplied to the second plurality of electrical-power users on the second feeder network based at least in part on
the requested prices and the offered prices of the second plurality of requests, the second determined common price being
unique to the second feeder network;

altering the electrical loads on the first and second feeder networks by transmitting the value of the determined first common
price to the first plurality of electrical-power users on the first feeder network and transmitting the value of the determined
second common price to the second plurality of electrical-power users on the second feeder network, and causing the price-responsive
electrical devices to automatically adjust their power consumption in response to the values of the first and second determined
common prices; and

transmitting power from the first feeder network to the second feeder network or transmitting power from the second feeder
network to the first feeder network.

US Pat. No. 9,365,676

SYNTHETIC POLYMERS AND METHODS OF MAKING AND USING THE SAME

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A polymer having a formula:
wherein
each of T and Te is a terminal group selected from heteroaliphatic, aliphatic, aryl, heteroaryl, aliphatic-aryl, aliphatic-heteroaryl, heteroaliphatic-aryl,
or heteroaliphatic-heteroaryl;

R1 and each Rn independently is selected from heteroaliphatic, aliphatic, aryl, heteroaryl, aliphatic-aryl, aliphatic-heteroaryl, heteroaliphatic-aryl,
or heteroaliphatic-heteroaryl;

Y1 and each Yp independently is selected from a bond, —C(R4)2, oxygen, sulfur, or NR4, wherein each R4 independently is selected from hydrogen, aliphatic, heteroaliphatic, aryl, or heteroaryl;

W1 and each Wa independently is selected from —C(R4)2, oxygen, sulfur, or NR4, wherein each R4 independently is selected from hydrogen, aliphatic, heteroaliphatic, aryl, or heteroaryl;

Z1 and each Zb independently is selected from heteroaryl, oxygen, sulfur, or NR4, wherein R4 is selected from hydrogen, aliphatic, cyclic heteroaliphatic comprising one or more heteroatoms selected from oxygen, sulfur,
selenium, phosphorous, or oxidized forms thereof, acyclic heteroaliphatic, heteroaryl, or aryl;

L1 and each Lq independently is selected from aliphatic, heteroaliphatic, aryl, or heteroaryl;

m ranges from 2 to 1000; and
wherein at least one of R1, Y1, W1, Z1, or L1 is different from at least one Rn, Yp, Wa, Zb, or Lq, respectively.

US Pat. No. 9,368,824

IRON-SULFIDE REDOX FLOW BATTERIES

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A redox flow battery system comprising a positive electrolyte comprising Fe(III) and Fe(II) in a positive electrolyte supporting
solution, a negative electrolyte comprising S2? and S in a negative electrolyte supporting solution, and a membrane or a separator contacting and separating the positive
electrolyte solution and the negative electrolyte solution, the positive electrolyte and negative electrolyte supporting solutions
both having pH values greater than or equal to 6.

US Pat. No. 9,334,520

IDENTIFICATION OF MYCOPLASM CONTAMINATION IN BIOTECHNOLOGY PRODUCTION USING RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A method of detecting mycoplasma in a bioprocess manufacturing application that uses recombinant technology to modify materials within bacteria comprising:
collecting a sample from a cell culture used by the bioprocess manufacturing application to catalyze a biochemical reaction
within a microorganism;

controlling a Raman spectrometer, by a processor, to collect a Raman spectrum of a targeted volume within the sample so as
to collect a Raman spectrum of a single cell of a known cell line of interest;

obtaining a reference spectra uniquely associated with the known cell line, the reference spectra comprising at least two
of: spectral measurements of mycoplasma by itself, a contaminated cell line, and a pure cell line;

comparing, using a processing device, the reference spectra to the collected spectrum;
identifying whether there are unnatural molecular compositions within the collected spectrum based upon the comparison of
the reference spectra to the collected spectrum;

providing an indication as to whether mycoplasma is detected in the collected Raman spectrum based upon whether unnatural molecular compositions are identified within the
collected spectrum; and

stopping the bioprocess manufacturing application when mycoplasma is detected in the collected Raman spectrum.

US Pat. No. 9,281,461

THERMOELECTRIC DEVICES AND APPLICATIONS FOR THE SAME

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A method for providing electrical energy to an electrical device in an environment having a first and a second temperature
region comprising the steps of:
providing a means for transmitting ambient energy collected in the first temperature region,
providing a thermoelectric device having a plurality of thermoelectric couples, the thermoelectric couples comprising:
a thin film p-type thermoelement, a thin film n-type thermoelement and an electrically conductive member electrically connecting
a first end of the p-type thermoelement with a second end of the n-type thermoelement, wherein the thermoelectric couples
are formed on a single flexible substrate and the flexible substrate is in a coil configuration;

wherein the p-type or the n-type thermoelements comprise BixTey, SbxTey, or BixSey wherein x and y form a non-stoichiometric compound wherein x is about 2 and y is about 3 and have L/A ratios from about 100
cm?1 to about 10,000 cm?1;

providing the means for transmitting the ambient energy collected in the first temperature region in communication with a
first side of the thermoelectric device, and

providing a second side of the thermoelectric device in communication with the second temperature region.

US Pat. No. 9,214,695

HYBRID ANODES FOR REDOX FLOW BATTERIES

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A redox flow battery (RFB) having a first half cell comprising a first redox couple dissolved in a solution or contained
in a suspension, a second half cell comprising a solid hybrid electrode, and a separator or membrane between the first and
second half cells, the solid hybrid electrode comprising a first electrode connected to a second electrode, thereby resulting
in an equipotential between the first and second electrodes, wherein the first electrode comprises a carbon electrode as a
conductive solid material and the second electrode comprises a lithium as a solid electroactive metal.

US Pat. No. 9,115,435

METHODS FOR ASSOCIATING OR DISSOCIATING GUEST MATERIALS WITH A METAL ORGANIC FRAMEWORK, SYSTEMS FOR ASSOCIATING OR DISSOCIATING GUEST MATERIALS WITHIN A SERIES OF METAL ORGANIC FRAMEWORKS, AND GAS SEPARATION ASSEMBLIES

Battelle Memorial Institu...

6. A method of separating carbon dioxide from a mixture comprising carbon dioxide, the method comprising:
providing a mixture to at least one cell and associating the carbon dioxide of the mixture with a metal organic framework
of the one cell; and

altering the oxidation state of the metal organic framework to disassociate at least some of the carbon dioxide from the metal
organic framework.

US Pat. No. 9,297,756

CAPILLARY ABSORPTION SPECTROMETER AND PROCESS FOR ISOTOPIC ANALYSIS OF SMALL SAMPLES

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A method for analyzing low-volume target analytes, comprising the steps of:
introducing a turbulent gas, liquid, or aerosols through a medium across the propagation path of a laser excitation beam introduced
into a capillary infrared absorption device in a capillary absorption spectrometer to provide a picomolar detection sensitivity
therein;

ablating a solid sample containing at least a picomolar quantity of the target analytes therein with a pulsed UV excitation
beam to convert the sample into sample particulates;

transferring the ablated sample particulates to a catalytic reactor;
converting the ablated sample particulates in the catalytic reactor into a molecular gas;
transferring the molecular gas from the catalytic reactor through a transfer device at a first higher pressure into the capillary
infrared absorption device at a second lower pressure; and

analyzing the molecular gas in the capillary absorption device with an infrared absorption detector to determine isotopic
ratios of the target analytes in the sample at the picomolar detection sensitivity.

US Pat. No. 9,235,563

SYSTEMS AND PROCESSES FOR IDENTIFYING FEATURES AND DETERMINING FEATURE ASSOCIATIONS IN GROUPS OF DOCUMENTS

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A computer-implemented process for identifying features and determining feature associations within a group of documents
that comprise terms in unstructured text, which is maintained in a storage device and/or received through communications hardware,
the process comprising:
Providing a plurality of keywords identified among the terms of at least some of the documents;
Calculating a value measure for each keyword, wherein the value measure of a particular keyword is a function of the number
of documents, within the group, in which the particular keyword occurs and of the number of documents for which it is a keyword;

Defining high-value keywords as those keywords having value measures that exceed a threshold;
Accessing term-document associations (TDA) for each high-value keyword, wherein the TDA are stored in a storage device and
characterize measures of association between each term and at least some documents in the group;

Quantifying by a processor similarities between unique pairs of high-value keywords based on the TDA for each respective high-value
keyword; and

Generating a similarity matrix that indicates one or more sets each comprising highly associated high-value keywords.

US Pat. No. 9,255,774

CONTROLLED FRAGMENTATION OF A WARHEAD SHELL

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A warhead comprising:
a) a casing;
b) at least one fragmentation control collar, said at least one fragmentation control collar comprising:
i) a plurality of charges, said charges being selected from a variety of geometrically shaped charges to effect different
crack shapes in said casing;

ii) a removable collar, said plurality of charges being secured to said collar;
iii) a latch for reversibly securing the collar to and around the outer circumference of the casing;
c) explosives positioned within said casing; and
d) at least one detonator to detonate said charges.

US Pat. No. 9,183,153

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR MANAGING POWER GRID DATA

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A method of managing time-series data for smart grids, comprising:
a. collecting data from a plurality of sensors;
b. modifying an index for a newly created block; and
c. performing a one disk operation per read or write.

US Pat. No. 9,471,871

METHOD OF GENERATING FEATURES OPTIMAL TO A DATASET AND CLASSIFIER

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A method of generating irredundant features optimal to a particular dataset and classifier, comprising:
a. inputting a dataset of messages;
b. inputting a classifier;
c. encoding an algebra of computable features capable of describing the dataset through expression trees; and
d. applying a genetic algorithm to select a resulting feature which maximizes accuracy of the classifier given a validation
set.

US Pat. No. 9,437,899

SOLID-STATE RECHARGEABLE MAGNESIUM BATTERY

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. An electrolyte comprising:
an all solid-state composition comprising
Mg(BH4)2;

A metal oxide of MgO; and
polyethylene oxide.

US Pat. No. 9,347,755

NON-ENERGETICS BASED DETONATOR

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A detonator for initiating a detonation event, comprising:
a non-energetics based subsystem that is free of explosive material, having:
a first interface having:
a first pair of conductive contacts spaced by an insulator, where each of the first pair of conductive contacts is electrically
coupled to a first circuit path; and

at least one second conductive contact spaced by the insulator from the first pair of conductive contacts, where the at least
one second conductive contact is electrically coupled to a second circuit path;

an initiating subsystem that is selectively coupled or uncoupled from the non-energetics based subsystem, having:
a high voltage switch;
an initiator electrically forming a circuit with the high voltage switch; and
a second interface having:
a first pair of self-shunting interface legs that connect across the circuit formed by the initiator and high voltage switch;
and

at least one self-shunting second interface leg electrically connected to a control element of the high voltage switch;
wherein:
when the non-energetics based subsystem is plugged into the initiating subsystem:
the insulator of the first interface separates the self-shunting first pair of interface legs and guides each leg to a corresponding
one of the first pair of conductive contacts, and hence to the first circuit path; and

the insulator of the first interface separates and guides each second self-shunting leg to a corresponding second conductive
contact, and hence to the second circuit path.

US Pat. No. 9,276,294

PLANAR HIGH DENSITY SODIUM BATTERY

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

24. A molten sodium battery comprising:
a. a first metallic interconnect frame having a first interconnect vent hole, anode chamber and cathode chamber;
b. a second metallic interconnect frame having a second interconnect vent hole, anode chamber and cathode chamber;
c. an electrolyte plate formed of ?? alumina solid electrolyte (BASE) having a cathode vent hole and an anode vent hole interposed
between the metallic interconnect frames, wherein the interconnect frames and the electrolyte plate are sealed thereby forming
gaseous communication between the anode chamber of the first interconnect frame through the anode vent holes and gaseous communication
between the cathode chamber of the second interconnect frame through the cathode vent holes;

d. a cathode composition containing nickel and sodium chloride in the cathode chambers; and
e. a pressure accumulator in gaseous communication with the cathode vent holes and the anode vent holes to simultaneously
provide pressure relief to the stack while containing the gasses.

US Pat. No. 9,126,137

POLYMER NANOCOMPOSITES FOR GAS SEPARATION

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A gas separation structure for separating a target gas from a second gas in a gas mixture, the gas separation structure
formed from a polymer nanocomposite comprising:
(a) a matrix formed from a modified polymer having a backbone including:
(i) a polymer having a selectivity for the target gas over the second gas; and
(ii) functional groups covalently linked to the polymer (i) as part of the backbone, the functional groups being capable of
further increasing the selectivity of the modified polymer by interacting with the target gas species and/or with the second
gas species; and

(b) a plurality of nanoparticles incorporated in the matrix, the nanoparticles being functionalized to have a stable interaction
with the matrix, the incorporation of the nanoparticles increasing free volume and thus increasing flux of the gas separation
structure.

US Pat. No. 9,123,931

REDOX FLOW BATTERIES BASED ON SUPPORTING SOLUTIONS CONTAINING CHLORIDE

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A battery system comprising:
an all-vanadium redox flow battery system including vanadium cations, the system including
an anolyte comprising V2+ and V3+;

a catholyte comprising V4+ and V5+; and

an aqueous supporting solution comprising chloride for both the anolyte and the catholyte, and the aqueous supporting solution
having a water content of greater than about 60 wt %.

US Pat. No. 9,441,889

THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE DEVICES, SYSTEMS, AND THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE MONITORING METHODS

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A system comprising:
a thermocline location system configured to monitor a plurality of locations of a thermocline within a thermal energy storage
medium of a thermal energy storage device at a plurality of different moments in time;

circuitry coupled with the thermocline location system and configured to provide information regarding the locations of the
thermocline within the thermal energy storage medium of the thermal energy storage device at the different moments in time
using the monitoring of the locations of the thermocline;

wherein the thermocline location system comprises: a position indicating object configured to move throughout different locations
of a reservoir of the thermal energy storage device which holds the thermal energy storage medium as a result of changes in
the locations of the thermocline within the thermal energy storage medium; and a monitoring device configured to monitor the
locations of the object; and

wherein the circuitry is configured to use the monitored locations of the object to provide the information regarding the
locations of the thermocline within the thermal energy storage medium.

US Pat. No. 9,444,091

APPARATUSES FOR MAKING CATHODES FOR HIGH-TEMPERATURE, RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. An apparatus for making cathodes for high-temperature, rechargeable batteries, the apparatus comprising:
a base support defining a seat;
a plug configured to couple with the seat and be supported by the base support;
a tube configured to couple with the plug;
a sleeve defining a flange, the sleeve configured to be inserted into the tube, the tube configured to support the sleeve
by the flange when inserted therein, the plug, tube, and sleeve defining a chamber;

a heater coupled to the chamber and in thermal contact with the chamber; and
a heat-resistant piston slidably engaging the sleeve, wherein the base, plug, sleeve, and piston are concentrically aligned
along a single axis.

US Pat. No. 9,433,892

SYSTEM AND PROCESS FOR CAPTURE OF ACID GASSES AT ELEVATED PRESSURE FROM GASEOUS PROCESS STREAMS

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A method for removing CO2 from a gaseous volume comprising the steps of:
contacting a dry gaseous stream or volume containing CO2 with at least one CO2 binding organic compound containing a neat (anhydrous) tertiary alkanolamine that chemically binds CO2 to form a zwitterionic product at a pressure greater than 100 psi to remove CO2 from said gaseous stream or volume;

removing said zwitterionic product from said dry gaseous stream or volume; and
depressurizing said zwitterionic product in the absence of added heat to release chemically bound CO2 therefrom to regenerate said CO2 binding organic compound.

US Pat. No. 9,394,444

METHODS OF MODIFYING AGRICULTURAL CO-PRODUCTS AND PRODUCTS MADE THEREFROM

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A reactive extrusion and molding method of producing a polymer composite in the form of a solid molded article, the method
comprising:
providing a polymer in a liquid state;
providing a plant material that includes protein and carbohydrate, the plant material having a particle size less than 20
microns, and the plant material having a protein content less than 35%;

providing a reactive protein denaturant;
in a single-step extrusion process in extrusion equipment, forming a dispersion of the plant material and the reactive protein
denaturant in a matrix of the liquid polymer, reacting to chemically bond the plant material to the reactive protein denaturant,
and reacting to chemically bond the reactive protein denaturant to the polymer, to produce an extruded composite material,
wherein the extrusion process is conducted at a temperature not higher than 360° F.;

molding the extruded composite material in molding equipment to produce a molded article having a desired shape; and
solidifying the molded article to produce the polymer composite in the form of a solid molded article.

US Pat. No. 9,156,044

AEROSOL DEVICE

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. An aerosol generating device for generating and mixing particles having a diameter of 5 ?m or less into air; said device
comprising:
a cylindrical container, having a bottom connected circumvolvingly to a wall which connects said bottom with a top edge to
define a container chamber and an open top; and

at least one ejector atomizer positioned within said container chamber, said ejector atomizer having-an internal wall which
defines an internal mixing chamber and an outlet opening having a diameter, said internal mixing chamber configured to receive
a liquid to be atomized from a liquid supply branch pipe through a liquid supply branch pipe opening, and to permit mixing
of that liquid with pressurized air delivered to the mixing chamber from an air supply branch pipe through an air supply branch
pipe opening positioned coaxially to the mixing chamber, each of said liquid supply branch opening, said outlet opening and
said air supply branch opening having a diameter, said air supply branch pipe opening positioned to as to deliver air tangentially
with respect to said internal wall; the ratio of the values of the cross-sections of the branch pipe openings of air and liquid
and the outlet opening of the ejector nozzle is described by the equation Do=(0.5÷0.7)D2c/Dk, wherein Do is the diameter of the liquid supply branch pipe opening, Dc is the diameter of the outlet opening, Dk is
the diameter of the air supply opening;

the ejector atomizer is positioned within the container chamber in such a way so as to direct a jet of an aerosol discharge
consisting of liquid particles suspended in air coming out of the outlet opening to be chordwisely oriented with respect to
the walls of the cylindrical container, so that the projection of the central axis of the aerosol discharge on the walls of
the container chamber does not cross the top edge;

whereby aerosols are created and dispersed in a tangential vortical motion which creates, partial dehydration and reduction
of the aerosol particles size resulting in the release of fine particles into air.

US Pat. No. 9,151,813

HIGH-PRESSURE, HIGH-TEMPERATURE MAGIC ANGLE SPINNING NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE DEVICES AND PROCESSES FOR MAKING AND USING SAME

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A magic angle sample spinning (MAS) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) rotor, comprising:
a rotor cylinder composed of a high mechanical strength ceramic with a first inner bore that defines an integrated sample
compartment that spans the inner diameter of the rotor cylinder with threads disposed along the inner wall at the upper end
of the sample compartment, and a second inner bore that defines an integrated compartment for mounting a spin tip disposed
at an end of the rotor cylinder opposite the sample compartment; and

a threaded sealing cap with threads that match the threads of the rotor cylinder, the threaded sealing cap is comprised of
a high mechanical strength ceramic and configured to secure and compress at least two high temperature gaskets that seal the
sample compartment;

whereby the integrated sample compartment, gaskets and sealing cap when combined and secured maintain a pressure within the
sample compartment of the rotor cylinder of at least up to about 200 atm and a temperature of at least up to about 300° C.
without the use of a sealing adhesive.

US Pat. No. 9,091,156

DOWNHOLE FLUID INJECTION SYSTEMS, CO2 SEQUESTRATION METHODS, AND HYDROCARBON MATERIAL RECOVERY METHODS

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A downhole fluid injection system comprising:
an injection well extending into a geological formation;
a fluid injector assembly located at the terminus of the well, the injector assembly configured as a tube within a tube, the
fluid injector assembly configured to inject a liquid CO2/H2O-emulsion into the surrounding geological formation;

a CO2 reservoir in fluid communication with the injection well;

a H2O reservoir in fluid communication with the injection well; and

wherein the fluid injector assembly defines one conduit in fluid communication with the CO2 reservoir and another conduit in fluid communication with the H2O reservoir.

US Pat. No. 9,429,569

PEPTIDE AND PROTEIN BIOMARKERS FOR TYPE 1 DIABETES MELLITUS

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. An array, comprising:
a solid support; and
antibodies covalently attached to the solid support, wherein the antibodies are specific for any combination of at least two,
at least three, at least four, or at least five, type I diabetes mellitus (T1DM)-related protein sequences listed in Tables
6a or 6b.

US Pat. No. 9,379,644

ELECTROACTIVE POLYMER (EAP)-BASED ROTARY MOTION DEVICES

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A rotary motion device, comprising:
a mass;
a circumferential component; and
a plurality of spokes connecting the mass and the circumferential component, at least one of the spokes comprising an electroactive
polymer, the at least one spoke comprising at least one input electrode, the at least one spoke being configured to deflect
upon application of an electrical potential across the at least one input electrode, and

the plurality of spokes, the mass, and the circumferential component being operatively coupled in the rotary motion device
such that deflection of the at least one spoke moves the mass to position the rotary motion device in an off balance state
with respect to gravity, the off balance state being effective to cause rotation of the rotary motion device, the rotary motion
device in the absence of one or more of: a motor crank arm and a motor shaft.

US Pat. No. 9,290,698

BIOBASED POLYOLS FOR POTENTIAL USE AS FLAME RETARDANTS IN POLYURETHANE AND POLYESTER APPLICATIONS

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A flame retardant polyol comprising
wherein each R is the same or different, and R can be hydrogen, ether, hydroxyl, or halogen, and R2 represents one or more derivatives of glycerol, diglycerol, pentaerythritol, triethanolamine, diethanolamine, or tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane.

US Pat. No. 9,283,637

FRICTION STIR WELD TOOLS HAVING FINE GRAIN STRUCTURE

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A friction stir weld tool comprising tungsten and rhenium, the tool further comprising carbide and oxide dispersoids, carrbide
particulates, and grains not exceeding 10 micrometers in diameter, wherein the grains comprise a solid solution of the tungsten
and rhenium.

US Pat. No. 9,232,993

ADJUSTABLE INTRAOCULAR LENS

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. An intraocular lens comprising:
a single polymer matrix having crosslinkable pendant groups, wherein the polymer matrix increases in volume when crosslinked;
and

wherein substantially no free monomers are present therein; and
further comprising a UV radiation absorbing layer on at least one surface of the polymer matrix.

US Pat. No. 9,111,216

INFORMATION PROCESSING SYSTEMS, REASONING MODULES, AND REASONING SYSTEM DESIGN METHODS

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. An information processing system comprising:
a reasoning system comprising a plurality of different reasoning regions which correspond to respective ones of a plurality
of different subject matter domains;

wherein the different reasoning regions individually comprise at least one reasoning module;
wherein the reasoning modules are configured to access a plurality of abstractions;
wherein a reasoning module of a first of the reasoning regions is configured to process some of the abstractions according
to rules of a first domain ontology which corresponds to one of the subject matter domains; and

wherein a reasoning module of a second of the reasoning regions is configured to process others of the abstractions according
to rules of a second domain ontology which corresponds to another of the subject matter domains.

US Pat. No. 9,063,086

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR COMPRESSING IONS

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A method of compressing ions inside an ion mobility device, comprising:
a. introducing ions into the ion mobility device;
b. applying a non-constant electric field to the ion mobility device to form a potential gradient along a portion of the device
so that ions with similar mobilities bunch together into sharper peaks while maintaining separation between other ions with
different mobilities.

US Pat. No. 9,623,975

LOW PROFILE PASS-THROUGH ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A conductive assembly, comprising:
a heating element or antenna;
an airfoil having an aerodynamic surface;
a connector base forming a pathway from the interior of the airfoil to the aerodynamic surface;
a floating center disposed inside the connector base, wherein in a finished conductive assembly or in an intermediate structure,
the floating center is able to move in the x and y directions but is immobilized in the z-direction; wherein the x, y, and
z directions are mutually perpendicular; and

an electrical conductor disposed within the floating center.

US Pat. No. 9,424,639

METHOD OF ASSESSING HETEROGENEITY IN IMAGES

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A method of assessing heterogeneity in images comprising:
a. acquiring 3D images of a biological tissue;
b. performing iterative decomposition on the acquired images;
c. performing comparative analysis of the decomposed images using distance, which includes graphically representing spatial
relationships between regions of the images that are relatively homogeneous, wherein diseased biological tissue is distinguished
from healthy biological tissue; and

d. masking the images;
wherein the performing iterative decomposition on the acquired images includes performing octree decomposition on the masked
images and reducing the images to obtain image subdivisions that are relatively homogeneous, and wherein the reducing includes
dividing boxes of the images according to a criterion which includes a measurement of standard deviation within each box and
comparison of the standard deviation to a threshold standard.

US Pat. No. 9,394,170

REACTOR INCORPORATING A HEAT EXCHANGER

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A system comprising:
a reactor that includes a combustion gas source, a reformer and a vaporizer;
wherein the reformer and the vaporizer each comprise:
a reaction channel having a flowpath, a first wall, a second wall opposite the first wall, an inlet manifold at a first end,
and an outlet manifold at a second opposite end, the inlet manifold and the outlet manifold running orthogonal to the flowpath;

a combustion channel having a flowpath parallel to the flowpath of the reaction channel, the reaction channel and the combustion
channel being separated by the first wall; and

a fin extending from the combustion channel into the reaction channel, the fin passing through the first wall and extending
to the second wall; and

wherein combustion gas from the combustion gas source flows through the combustion channel of the reformer and through the
combustion channel of the vaporizer.

US Pat. No. 9,365,728

MODIFIED CARBON NANOTUBES AND METHODS OF FORMING CARBON NANOTUBES

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A method of treating CNTs, comprising:
providing CNTs, and
contacting the CNTs with a doping agent, wherein the doping agent comprises an electron
acceptor or electron donor molecule that forms a charge transfer complex with the CNTs, and further characterized by
introducing defects into the CNTs such that they decrease the G/D ratio into the range of about 8 to about 20 prior to adding
a doping agent.

US Pat. No. 9,187,577

FILLED NANOPARTICLES HAVING AN ALKYLENE CARBONATE CORE AND POLYMERIC SHELL

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A plurality of filled nanoparticles, each filled nanoparticle comprising a nanosized polymer shell encapsulating a core;
the core including cyclic alkylene carbonate groups selected from the group consisting of propylene carbonate, ethylene carbonate,
vinyl ethylene carbonate, 1,2-butylene carbonate, 2,3-butylene carbonate, and combinations thereof;

the core further including a core polymer produced by polymerization of core monomers selected from the group consisting of
C1-C18 alkyl methacrylates, C1-C18 alkyl acrylates, and combinations thereof;

the cyclic alkylene carbonate groups covalently bonded as side chains to the backbone of the core polymer;
the shell formed from a shell polymer produced by polymerization of shell monomers selected from the group consisting of C1-C18 alkyl methacrylates, C1 -C18 alkyl acrylates, acrylic acid, methacrylic acid, vinylaromatic monomers, and combinations thereof;

the shell polymer being distinct from the core polymer, and the shell polymer being a different type of polymer from the core
polymer;

the filled nanoparticles having a particle size less than about 300 nm and a size distribution less than about 1.2;
the filled nanoparticles produced by a two-stage miniemulsion polymerization process comprising:(a) in a first stage, producing the cores by the steps of:
(i) producing a mixture comprising the core monomers, the cyclic alkylene carbonate groups, surfactant and water;
(ii) shearing the mixture to form a miniemulsion of nanosized particles dispersed in water, the nanosized particles comprising
the core monomers combined with the cyclic alkylene carbonate groups; and then

(iii) heating the miniemulsion to polymerize the core monomers and produce nanosized cores including the core polymer and
the cyclic alkylene carbonate groups covalently bonded as side chains to the backbone of the core polymer; and then
(b) in a second stage, producing the polymer shells encapsulating the cores by the steps of:
(i) providing a miniemulsion of nanosized particles dispersed in water, the nanosized particles comprising the shell monomers
combined with the cores; and then

(iii) heating the miniemulsion to polymerize the shell monomers and produce core-shell nanoparticles comprising shells of
the shell polymer encapsulating the cores.

US Pat. No. 9,184,436

METHODS AND ENERGY STORAGE DEVICES UTILIZING ELECTROLYTES HAVING SURFACE-SMOOTHING ADDITIVES

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. An energy storage device comprising an anode and a first metal (M1) electrodeposited on the anode during operation of the
device, the energy storage device characterized by an electrolyte solution comprising cations of M1 and by a soluble, surface-smoothing
additive comprising a metal (M2), cations of M2 having an effective electromechanical reduction potential in solution lower
than that of the cations of M1, and a voltage that is less than, or equal to, that of the electrochemical reduction potential
of the cations of M1 and greater than the effective electrochemical reduction potential of the cations of M2, wherein the
cations of M2 have a concentration in the electrolyte solution that is greater than or equal to 0.05 M and less than, or equal
to, 5% of that of the cations of M1.
US Pat. No. 9,134,326

BIOMARKERS FOR LIVER FIBROSIS

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A method of diagnosing or prognosing liver fibrosis in a subject comprising:
detecting at least two, at least 3, at least 4, or at least 10 liver fibrosis-related molecules listed in any of Tables 1,
2, 3, 5, 6 and 12 and any of SEQ ID NOS: 1-5544 in a sample obtained from the subject;

comparing expression of the at least two liver fibrosis-related molecules to controls representing expression of the at least
two liver fibrosis-related molecules expected in a subject who does not have liver fibrosis; and

diagnosing or prognosing liver fibrosis in the subject when differential expression of the at least two liver fibrosis-related
molecules between the sample and the control is detected, wherein differential expression comprises an increase or decrease
of at least 10% relative to the controls.

US Pat. No. 9,452,402

INTEGRATED REACTORS, METHODS OF MAKING SAME, AND METHODS OF CONDUCTING SIMULTANEOUS EXOTHERMIC AND ENDOTHERMIC REACTIONS

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. An integrated reactor, comprising:
alternating layers of exothermic and endothermic reaction chambers, comprising at least 2 layers of endothermic reaction chambers
alternating with at least one layer comprising an exothermic reaction chamber;

wherein the exothermic reaction chamber comprises an exothermic reaction catalyst;
wherein the endothermic reaction chambers comprise an endothermic reaction catalyst;
wherein the exothermic reaction chamber comprises a wall that is adjacent at least one of the endothermic reaction chambers;
wherein the endothermic reaction catalyst comprises a porous catalyst insert that can be conveniently inserted and removed
from the endothermic reaction chamber;

and wherein the integrated reactor possesses a volumetric heat flux characteristic of at least 1 W/cc as measured according
to the Volumetric Heat Flux Measurement Test.

US Pat. No. 9,404,063

SYSTEM AND PROCESS FOR EFFICIENT SEPARATION OF BIOCRUDES AND WATER IN A HYDROTHERMAL LIQUEFACTION SYSTEM

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A method for processing a hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) product mixture derived from an HTL feedstock, the method separating
a biocrude from a water by-product present in a hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) product mixture and including:
removing precipitated inorganic compounds and/or mineral solids present in the HTL product mixture at a first temperature
and a first pressure;

after removing the precipitated inorganic compounds and/or mineral solids, cooling the HTL product mixture to a second temperature
selected below the first temperature to phase separate the biocrude from the water by-product in the HTL product mixture;
and

separating the biocrude and the water by-product phases in the absence of an extraction solvent into separate biocrude and
water by-product fractions without a further change in temperature and pressure.

US Pat. No. 9,318,272

NICKEL—COBALT SUPERCAPACITORS AND METHODS OF MAKING SAME

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A capacitor comprising: an electrode, and wherein the electrode comprises: Ni and Co in a molar ratio of greater than 0.5:1;
wherein the electrode comprises no more than 5 mass % TiO2; and further possessing one or more of the following characteristics:
(a) the electrode comprises a specific capacitance of at least 450 F/g·cm2 if measured at a voltage scan rate of 20 mV/s in 1M KOH aqueous electrolyte; or

(b) absorbance in the IR spectrum of an OH stretch that is at least as intense as other absorptions in the region from 1000
to 4000 cm?1.

US Pat. No. 9,447,315

ELECTROPHILIC ACID GAS-REACTIVE FLUID, PROPPANT, AND PROCESS FOR ENHANCED FRACTURING AND RECOVERY OF ENERGY PRODUCING MATERIALS

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A process for recovery of an energy-producing material from a subterranean reservoir, comprising the steps of:
introducing a fluid comprising polyallylamine in an aqueous solvent into the subterranean reservoir to contact bedrock at
a selected location or depth therein;

introducing CO2 gas or an activation compound that generates CO2 gas; and

reacting the fluid in the subterranean reservoir with the CO2 gas to chemically expand the fluid volume therein, thereby exerting a fluid pressure in the bedrock above a minimum differential
stress in-situ that propagates fractures and fissures therein to recover energy-producing materials therefrom.

US Pat. No. 9,433,885

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR REMOVING COMPONENTS OF A GAS MIXTURE

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A method of capturing a component of a gaseous mixture, the method comprising:
exposing the gaseous mixture to an aqueous fluid containing a ligand and a reactive metal, the exposing chemically binding
the component of the gaseous mixture to the ligand, wherein the fluid exists about an electrode;

using the electrode to alter the oxidation state of the metal to unbind the component from the ligand;
and capturing the component, wherein the component is carbon dioxide.

US Pat. No. 9,424,522

INFORMATION PROCESSING SYSTEMS, REASONING MODULES, AND REASONING SYSTEM DESIGN METHODS

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. An information processing system comprising:
a working memory comprising a semantic graph which comprises a plurality of abstractions, wherein the abstractions individually
include an individual which is defined according to an ontology; and

a reasoning system comprising a plurality of reasoning modules which are configured to process different ones of the abstractions
of the semantic graph, wherein a first of the reasoning modules is configured to process a plurality of abstractions which
include individuals of a first classification type of the ontology and a second of the reasoning modules is configured to
process a plurality of abstractions which include individuals of a second classification type of the ontology, wherein the
first and second classification types are different.

US Pat. No. 9,418,779

PROCESS FOR PREPARING SCALABLE QUANTITIES OF HIGH PURITY MANGANESE BISMUTH MAGNETIC MATERIALS FOR FABRICATION OF PERMANENT MAGNETS

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A process for preparing a high-purity ?-MnBi magnetic alloy, comprising:
melting manganese (Mn) metal and bismuth (Bi) metal together in a ratio that is greater in manganese (Mn) metal than in bismuth
(Bi) metal to form an alloy comprising between about 40 wt % and about 50 wt % ?-MnBi material and residual fractions of unreacted
manganese (Mn) metal and unreacted bismuth (Bi) metal therein;

heat treating the alloy in an oxygen-free gas atmosphere at a first temperature less than or equal to about 266° C. for a
time up to about 8 hours sufficient to form at least about 60 wt % ?-MnBi material therein and a second temperature between
about 266° C. and about 358° C. for a time up to about 5 hours sufficient to form a quantity of ?-MnBi material therein;

cooling the alloy after heating at a rate between about 1° C. per minute to about 10° C. per minute to decompose the quantity
of ?-MnBi material therein to increase the quantity of ?-MnBi material therein;

milling the alloy to agglomerate unreacted manganese (Mn) metal and unreacted bismuth (Bi) metal together therein and to fracture
the ?-MnBi material therefrom;

sieving the milled alloy to collect the fractured ?-MnBi material as a powder comprised of particles thereof in a fraction
separate from the agglomerated manganese (Mn) and bismuth (Bi) metals fraction; and

heat treating the fractured ?-MnBi material fraction in a vacuum at a temperature selected between about 250° C. and about
300° C. for a time sufficient to form the high-purity ?-MnBi magnetic alloy comprising at least about 90 wt % ?-MnBi material
therein.

US Pat. No. 9,589,297

PREVENTING CONFLICTS AMONG BID CURVES USED WITH TRANSACTIVE CONTROLLERS IN A MARKET-BASED RESOURCE ALLOCATION SYSTEM

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A method for operating a thermostatic controller configured to submit bids to a market-based resource allocation system,
the method comprising:
determining, by computing hardware, a first bid curve, the first bid curve indicating a first set of bid prices for corresponding
temperatures, the first bid curve being associated with a cooling mode of operation for a heating and cooling system;

determining, by the computing hardware, a second bid curve, the second bid curve indicating a second set of bid prices for
corresponding temperatures, the second bid curve being associated with a heating mode of operation for the heating and cooling
system;

determining that an overlap exists between the first bid curve and the second bid curve over a range of temperatures for which
the first and second bid curves both indicate bid prices;

eliminating, by the computing hardware, the overlap between the first bid curve and the second bid curve so that the first
bid curve and the second bid curve are used together without conflict in a mode of operation for the heating and cooling system
in which both heating and cooling operations are automatically controlled, the eliminating comprising modifying the first
bid curve, the second bid curve, or the first bid curve and the second bid curve, by modifying at least one data structure
that defines the first or second bid curve;

transmitting, by the computing hardware, bids to a market based resource allocation system using the first bid curve and the
second bid curve together with the overlap eliminated;

receiving, from the market based resource allocation system, index values determined in part from the transmitted bids; and
activating or deactivating the heating and cooling system based at least in part on the transmitted bids and the received
index values.

US Pat. No. 9,563,741

CONSTRUCTING CUSTOM KNOWLEDGEBASES AND SEQUENCE DATASETS WITH PUBLICATIONS

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A method comprising:
automatically extracting a plurality of assertions from a plurality of publications, wherein each of the plurality of assertions
encodes a relationship between a subject and an object;

manually editing the plurality of assertions automatically extracted from the plurality of publications to construct a custom
knowledgebase for a particular biological field; and

constructing a sequence dataset comprising a plurality of called biological sequences, wherein each of the plurality of called
biological sequences is associated with one or more of the plurality of assertions of the custom knowledgebase, wherein constructing
the sequence dataset comprises:

automatically extracting one or more called biological sequences from the plurality of publications;
extracting additional called biological sequences from one or more publicly available databases;
grouping the additional called biological sequences with the one or more called biological sequences automatically extracted
from the plurality of publications in response to one or more predetermined resemblance criteria being met; and

associating each group of called biological sequences with one or more of the plurality of assertions of the custom knowledgebase.

US Pat. No. 9,541,363

CONTROLLED FRAGMENTATION OF A WARHEAD SHELL

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A warhead comprising:
a) a casing;
b) an annular liner positioned longitudinally within the casing, the annular liner being hollow;
c) a plurality of fracture charges positioned around the annular liner, the plurality of charges being positioned at the circumference
of the casing on an inner wall of the casing;

d) a first explosive within the annular liner;
e) a second explosive positioned between the annular liner and the casing; and,
f) a mechanism for detonation,
wherein the fracture charges have the ability to initiate cracks in the casing.

US Pat. No. 9,500,420

CASELESS PROJECTILE AND LAUNCHING SYSTEM

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A launcher system comprising:
a projectile including:
a main body having at least one vent hole, and
a charge provided in the main body; and
a launcher including:
a barrel adapted to receive the projectile;
a velocity variator configured to shift relative to the barrel to selectively vary a launch velocity of the projectile from
the launcher;

a sealed breech; and
a mechanism for activating the projectile,
wherein said barrel includes a vent hole or a cavity and said velocity variator is constituted by a collar formed with a passageway
being mounted on the barrel whereby, when the mechanism activates the projectile and the charge is initiated, gas is created
which exits the main body through the at least one vent hole to provide thrust for the projectile, and the collar is selectively
movable from a non-venting position blocking the gas from exiting the vent hole or cavity to a venting position allowing the
gas to pass from the barrel through the vent hole or cavity in the barrel into the passageway formed in the collar and to
atmosphere whereby movement of the collar controls the launch velocity of the projectile.

US Pat. No. 9,434,659

CONVERSION OF 2,3-BUTANEDIOL TO BUTADIENE

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A method, comprising:converting 2,3-butanediol to methyl vinyl carbinol, 1,3-butadiene, or a mixture thereof by
contacting a feed stream comprising 2,3-butanediol with a catalyst comprising (a) MxOy where M is a rare earth metal, a group IIIA metal, Zr, or a combination thereof, and x and y have values based upon an oxidation
state of M, and wherein the catalyst is not CeO2, or (b) M3a(PO4)b where M3 is a group IA metal, a group IIA metal, a group IIIA metal, or a combination thereof, and a and b have values based upon the
oxidation state of M3; and

dehydrating at least a portion of the 2,3-butanediol to form a product comprising methyl vinyl carbinol, 1,3-butadiene, or
a combination thereof.

US Pat. No. 9,343,736

LITHIUM COMPENSATION FOR FULL CELL OPERATION

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A device, comprising:
a lithium battery full cell, comprising
a cathode;
a separator;
an anode current collector having a first surface and a second surface;
an anode located on the second surface of the anode current collector;
a lithium compensation layer located on the first surface of the anode current collector; and
wherein there is an absence of direct physical contact between the anode and the lithium compensation layer.

US Pat. No. 9,279,214

PBO FIBERS WITH IMPROVED MECHANICAL PROPERTIES WHEN EXPOSED TO HIGH TEMPERATURES AND HIGH RELATIVE HUMIDITY

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A method of treating fibers to alter a resistance to high temperatures and relative humidity, the method comprising:
exposing poly(p-phenylene-2,6-benzobisoxazole) (PBO) fibers to a supercritical atmosphere of CO2 saturated with an epoxy silane;

subjecting the PBO fibers to a first pressurizing and heating stage at a first temperature for a first period of time;
subjecting the PBO fibers to a second pressurizing and heating stage including increasing the temperature to a second temperature
and holding at the second temperature for an additional period of time; and

depressurizing the PBO fibers.
US Pat. No. 9,243,176

COMPOSITIONS FOR DEICING/ANTI-ICING

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A deicing/anti-icing fluid comprising:
at least about 20% by weight of a freeze point depressant selected from the group consisting of short chain polyols having
2 to 5 carbon atoms, and mixtures thereof;

at least about 10% by weight of water;
a thickener;
a surfactant; and
a chelating agent;
the fluid having a viscosity of 15,000 cP or less at 20° C. and 0.06 sec?1 shear rate; and

the fluid meeting all requirements of SAE/AMS 1428 or its revisions for a non-Newtonian, Type II, III, or IV aircraft deicing/anti-icing
fluid.

US Pat. No. 9,208,440

METHOD OF ANALYZING A SCENARIO REPRESENTED AS ELEMENTS OF A TENSOR SPACE, AND SCORED USING TENSOR OPERATORS

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A computer implemented method for scoring a relative likelihood that a hypothetical event in a scenario is to occur, the
method comprising:
collecting narrative text communications, each communication including a group of words, regarding evidence related to the
scenario to build a knowledge base;

representing the evidence as a semantic graph of the knowledge base;
building a symmetric weighted adjacency matrix representing an undirected weighted topology of the semantic graph;
building a tensor space to represent events or classes of events of the scenario;
building a tensor operator, from the symmetric weighted adjacency matrix, measuring a connectedness or closeness of entities
in the scenario into the hypothetical event; and

scoring each event or classes of events by using the tensor operator to rank the relative likelihood of each event to occur
relative to a class of events.

US Pat. No. 9,274,059

MICROFLUIDIC ELECTROCHEMICAL DEVICE AND PROCESS FOR CHEMICAL IMAGING AND ELECTROCHEMICAL ANALYSIS AT THE ELECTRODE-LIQUID INTERFACE IN-SITU

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. An electrochemical device for combined electrochemical analysis and chemical imaging of analytes at an electrode-liquid
sample interface in-situ under vacuum, comprising:
an analytical instrument producing one or more probe beams;
an electrochemical microfluidic flow chamber that defines a liquid flow path through the flow chamber, the flow chamber includes
a support membrane with at least one detection aperture configured to expose a surface of a liquid sample containing one or
more analytes to one or more probe beams delivered from analytical instrument when the liquid sample is introduced past the
at least one detection aperture under vacuum, the one or more probe beams when delivered through the at least one detection
aperture determines the one or more analytes at the surface of the liquid sample providing chemical imaging thereof;

a working electrode configured to apply a selected potential into the liquid sample between the working electrode and a reference
electrode that drives reactions of the one or more analytes in the liquid sample as a function of time, space, and/or potential;
and

a counter electrode configured to measure electrical current stemming from reactions involving the one or more analytes to
provide electrochemical analysis and chemical imaging of the analytes in the liquid sample at the surface of the working electrode-sample
interface in-situ.

US Pat. No. 9,499,880

SYSTEM AND PROCESS FOR PRODUCTION OF MAGNESIUM METAL AND MAGNESIUM HYDRIDE FROM MAGNESIUM-CONTAINING SALTS AND BRINES

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

9. A system, comprising:
a hydrometallation stage that reacts lithium metal and an olefin over a selected hydrometallation catalyst forming an alkyl
lithium compound;

a metallation stage that reacts an anhydrous magnesium-containing salt with the alkyl-lithium compound at a selected temperature
to form a dialkyl magnesium compound; and

a decomposition stage that decomposes the dialkyl magnesium compound received from the metallation stage at a selected temperature
to form magnesium hydride or magnesium metal in a selected form.

US Pat. No. 9,129,337

USING BI-DIRECTIONAL COMMUNICATIONS IN A MARKET-BASED RESOURCE ALLOCATION SYSTEM

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A method for generating a bid value for purchasing electricity in a market-based resource allocation system, comprising:
by computing hardware,
receiving a desired temperature value indicative of a user's desired temperature in a temperature-controlled zone;
receiving a user comfort setting selected by the user, the user comfort setting being selected from at least a first user
comfort setting and a second user comfort setting, the first user comfort setting indicating the user's willingness to pay
more to achieve the desired temperature relative to the second user comfort setting;

computing a bid value for purchasing electricity to heat or cool the temperature-controlled zone to the desired temperature,
the bid value being computed using at least the desired temperature, the user comfort setting, and a historical value indicative
of an average value at which electricity was dispatched by the resource allocation system over a historical time period;

transmitting the bid value to a central computer in the market-based resource allocation system;
receiving from the central computer an indication of a dispatched value for a current time frame;
comparing the bid value to the dispatched value for the current time frame; and
generating a signal to activate or deactivate an electrical heating or cooling device associated with the temperature-controlled
zone based on the comparison of the bid value to the dispatched value for the current time frame.

US Pat. No. 9,112,243

ENERGY STORAGE DEVICES HAVING ANODES CONTAINING MG AND ELECTROLYTES UTILIZED THEREIN

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. An energy storage device comprising an anode comprising Mg and an electrolyte solution, the electrolyte solution comprising:
an organic solvent selected from the group consisting of diglyme, triglyme, tetraglyme, and combinations thereof;
a first salt substantially dissolved in the organic solvent and comprising a magnesium cation; and
a second salt substantially dissolved in the organic solvent and comprising a magnesium cation or a lithium cation;
wherein one of the first salt or the second salt comprises a BH4 anion and the other of the first salt or the second salt comprises a bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (TFSI) anion.

US Pat. No. 10,074,014

FEATURE IDENTIFICATION OR CLASSIFICATION USING TASK-SPECIFIC METADATA

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A computer system providing a feature identification or classification tool for analyzing measurements taken by a scientific instrument, the computer system comprising a video encoder configured to perform operations associated with video encoding and a metadata capture component configured to capture metadata generated by the video encoder, to facilitate identification or classification of a feature of the measurements taken by the scientific instrument, wherein the computer system is configured to perform operations comprising:receiving source video data comprising frames, at least one of the frames depicting, or associated with, the feature of the measurements taken by the scientific instrument;
with the video encoder, performing operations associated with video encoding on the source video data to produce video encoder metadata, the video encoder metadata indicating decisions or observations made by the video encoder for production of encoded video data;
with the metadata capture component, capturing at least a portion of the video encoder metadata to produce captured metadata; and
with the metadata capture component, providing the captured metadata to facilitate identification or classification, based on the captured metadata, of the feature of the measurements taken by the scientific instrument.

US Pat. No. 9,865,900

SOLID ELECTROLYTE INTERPHASE FILM-SUPPRESSION ADDITIVES

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. An energy storage device comprising:
(A) an anode comprising graphite; and
(B) an electrolyte composition comprising:
(i) at least one carbonate solvent;
(ii) an additive selected from CsPF6, RbPF6, Sr(PF6)2, Ba(PF6)2, or a mixture thereof; and

(iii) a lithium salt,
wherein the concentration of additive (ii) cation is less than, or equal to, 10 weight % of that of the Li cation of the Li
salt.

US Pat. No. 9,525,191

MAGNESIUM-BASED ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS AND METHODS HAVING IMPROVED ELECTROLYTES

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A Mg-based energy storage system having an anode comprising Mg metal, the system characterized by an electrochemical window
greater than 2.8 V vs. Mg and by an electrolyte solution comprising:
(i) an organic solvent;
(ii) an active Mg2+ dimer monocation concentration greater than or equal to 0.2 M, wherein the active Mg2+ dimer monocation comprises a Mg2X3 core complexed with six solvent molecules, and wherein at least a portion of the active Mg2+ dimer monocation concentration is a reaction product of

a magnesium dihalide MgX2, wherein X represents a halogen elemental, and

a Lewis acid MRaX3-a, wherein 3?a?1, M is a metal center, R is an organic ligand, and X is the halogen element; and

(iii) an anion having a formula MRaX4-a?.

US Pat. No. 9,952,144

CAPILLARY ABSORPTION SPECTROMETER AND PROCESS FOR ISOTOPIC ANALYSIS OF SMALL SAMPLES

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A capillary absorption spectrometer for analysis of low-volume samples, comprising:an excitation laser configured to supply a non-pulsed excitation beam to an absorption device having an absorption volume configured to receive the non-pulsed excitation beam from the excitation laser into a sample gas introduced therein;
a modulation device comprising a second or higher order bias-T diplexer coupled to the excitation laser that suppresses harmonics from a repetitive linear current ramp source therein and sub-harmonics from a dither-modulated current source therein such that amplitude of the harmonics and the sub-harmonics is at least 60 dB lower than modulation waveform selected and provided to the excitation laser; and
an optical isolation device disposed between the excitation laser and the absorption device that randomizes pointing angle and spread of the excitation beam that suppresses feedback noise induced by reflection of the excitation beam incident upon, and from within, the absorption device back to the excitation laser; and
a laser ablation device that couples to a catalytic reactor and a transfer device, the laser ablation device is configured to deliver ablated sample particulates to the catalytic reactor for combustion and conversion of the sample particulates into a molecular gas, the transfer device is configured to transfer the molecular gas containing analytes from the catalytic reactor into the absorption device for analysis therein.

US Pat. No. 9,748,770

USING DEMAND SIDE RESOURCES TO PROVIDE FREQUENCY REGULATION

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A method comprising:
at each electrical load of an aggregation of loads, generating a load status report using a microprocessor or microcontroller,
the load status report comprising an urgency value indicating how critical it is for the electrical load to run and a power
level indicating how much power will be drawn by the electrical load if the load runs;

conveying the load status reports from the electrical loads to an aggregation dispatch controller comprising an electronic
data processing device;

at the aggregation dispatch controller, generating a dispatch signal based on the generated load status reports and information
indicative of electrical frequency;

transmitting the dispatch signal from the aggregation dispatch controller to the electrical loads of the aggregation; and
at each electrical load of the aggregation, operating the load at the reported power level if the reported urgency value satisfies
the dispatch signal and not operating the load at the reported power level if the reported urgency value does not satisfy
the dispatch signal;

wherein an electrical load submits both a more urgent load status report and a less urgent load status report, and the operating
at the electrical load comprises:

operating the load at the power level of the less urgent load status report if the urgency values of both the less urgent
load status report and the more urgent load status report satisfies the dispatch signal;

operating the load at the power level of the more urgent load status report if the urgency value of the more urgent load status
report satisfies the dispatch signal but the urgency value of the less urgent load status report does not satisfy the dispatch
signal; and

not operating the load at all if the urgency value of the less urgent load status report does not satisfy the dispatch signal
and the urgency value of the more urgent load status report does not satisfy the dispatch signal.

US Pat. No. 9,588,989

SEARCH SYSTEMS AND COMPUTER-IMPLEMENTED SEARCH METHODS

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A search system comprising:
a communications interface configured to access a plurality of data items of a collection, wherein the data items include
a plurality of image objects individually comprising image data utilized to generate an image of the respective data item;

processing circuitry coupled with the communications interface and configured to process the image data of the data items
of the collection to identify a plurality of image content facets which are indicative of image content contained within the
images and to associate the image objects with the image content facets;

a display coupled with the processing circuitry and configured to depict the image objects associated with the image content
facets; and

wherein at least some of the data items individually include text regarding the image object of the respective data item,
and wherein the processing circuitry is configured to associate the image object of one of the at least some data items with
one of the image content facets as a result of the text of the one of the at least some data items including text of a search
of a user.

US Pat. No. 9,481,923

METHODS FOR BOTH COATING A SUBSTRATE WITH ALUMINUM OXIDE AND INFUSING THE SUBSTRATE WITH ELEMENTAL ALUMINUM

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A method for both coating a substrate with aluminum oxide and infusing the substrate with elemental aluminum, the method
comprising:
providing a substrate having a Cr-containing surface;
providing a metal powder/polymer binder slurry, the slurry comprising a solvent, an organic binder, and metal granules;
dispersing the slurry upon the Cr-containing surface;
after dispersing the slurry, exposing the slurry to air and maintaining the temperature of the slurry and substrate below
80° C. to remove at least a portion of the solvent from the slurry; and

after removing at least a portion of the solvent from the slurry, in a combined step, both exposing the binder, metal granules
and substrate to air and heating the remaining slurry and substrate to a temperature of from 1000° C. to 1200° C. to both
diffuse the at least a portion of the metal of the metal granules into the substrate and coat the substrate with aluminum
oxide.

US Pat. No. 9,362,749

CONTROLLER FOR THERMOSTATICALLY CONTROLLED LOADS

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A method of controlling aggregated thermostatically controlled appliances (TCAs) for demand response comprising:
a. formulating a targeted load profile;
b. generating a forecasted load profile;
c. prioritizing the TCAs within a “on” or “off” control group based on their operating temperatures; wherein the prioritizing
the TCAs further comprises prioritizing a first “on” group in descending order to turn off the TCA in heating mode, the TCA
whose room temperature is closest to the upper thermostat setting is at the top of the queue to be turned off; and a second
“off” group in ascending order to turn on the TCA in the heating mode, the TCA whose room temperature is closest to the lower
thermostat setting is at the top of the queue to be turned on;

d. determining the “on” or “off” status of the TCAs;
e. calculating the difference between the forecasted load profile and the targeted load profile to determine the number of
TCAs to be turned on or off, wherein the targeted load profile includes combining a baseline load, which is based on the forecasted
load profile, with a control signal, the control signal being a load reduction or a load increase signal, and the baseline
is a forecast of the TCAs consumptions for the scheduling period; and

f. sending command signals to turn on or turn off, in order of priority, the TCAs whose room temperatures are closer to upper
or lower thermostat settings of the TCAs.

US Pat. No. 9,136,030

CARBON NANOTUBE FILMS AND METHODS OF FORMING FILMS OF CARBON NANOTUBES BY DISPERSING IN A SUPERACID

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A carbon nanotube (CNT) network film, comprising:
a tangled mass of CNT bundles in the form of a film disposed on a substrate;
wherein the CNT bundles consist of CNT bundles having mass average diameter of 20 nm or less and a mass average length of
500 nm or more, and

wherein the CNT bundles have good fiber-to-fiber connectivity such that the film exhibits a sheet resistance of 5000 ohms/square
or less.

US Pat. No. 9,801,371

SELF-ASSEMBLING POLYMER PARTICLE RELEASE SYSTEM

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A method for constructing a self-assembling polymeric particle bearing an active ingredient (“AI”) and for treating soil
or plant surfaces, which comprises the steps of:
(a) determining a solubility parameter for an AI;
(b) comparing the solubility parameter of the AI with a solubility parameter of a set of first polymers and selecting a first
polymer having a Hansen solubility parameter, which is the total Hansen solubility parameter (?T) or any of ?d, ?h, ?p, that
is within at least 2 MPa0.5 of a Hansen solubility parameter of the AI for forming an AI/first polymer stable blend, and forming the AI/first polymer
stable blend;

(c) determining a second polymeric interface control agent having a Hansen solubility parameter that is at least 2 MPa0.5 different than a Hansen solubility parameter of the first polymer in the AI/first polymer stable blend, and blending said
second polymeric interface control agent with said AI/first polymer blend to form a second blend;

(d) making a water stable blend of said second blend; and
(e) depositing said water stable blend upon a surface to form a self-assembled polymeric particle,
said self-assembled polymeric particle having a core of said AI with said first polymer and said second polymeric interface
control agent.

US Pat. No. 9,606,148

CHEMICAL/ BIOLOGICAL SENSORS EMPLOYING FUNCTIONALIZED NANOSWITCH ARRAY

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

11. A sensor device comprising:
a sensor array comprising a plurality of sensing resistive electrical paths electrically arranged in parallel across sensor
array electrical terminals, each sensing resistive electrical path having a resistance value and a sensing switch that opens
or closes the resistive electrical path responsive to the sensing switch detecting an analyte or organism of interest; and

a Wheatstone bridge having four legs wherein the sensor array is one of the four legs and is electrically connected into the
Wheatstone bridge by the sensor array electrical terminals.

US Pat. No. 9,252,461

HYBRID ENERGY STORAGE DEVICES HAVING SODIUM

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. An energy storage device having a negative electrode comprising sodium, the device characterized by a positive electrode
having an active species comprising sulfur, by a catholyte comprising a molten sodium salt, by an energy discharge product
comprising Na2Sx in which x is less than three, and by a beta-alumina solid electrolyte (BASE) separating the positive and negative electrodes.

US Pat. No. 9,200,987

ELECTROHYDRODYNAMIC SPRAYING

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

7. An electrostatic aerosol collector comprising:
a collector housing;
an aerosol entry port that provides an inlet for air to flow from outside of the collector housing to the inside of the housing;
a sample substrate receiving area within the collector housing for receiving a sample substrate including a collection area
upon which particulates are collected;

a passageway between the aerosol entry port and the sample substrate receiving area;
a charging device having an electrode;
a high voltage power source coupled to the charging device; and
a spraying device having a spray nozzle that is enclosed in close proximity to a nonconductive cylinder where the nonconductive
cylinder is positioned within a conductive cylinder;

wherein:
a tip of the electrode creates an electric field defining a charging point in the passageway through which the air passes;
the sample substrate is held at an electric potential that is different from the electric potential of the charging point
during particulate collection; and

the spraying device sprays a fluid from the spray nozzle over the collection area of the sample substrate, where the fluid
is specifically selected to prepare the collected sample for subsequent evaluation.

US Pat. No. 9,178,240

SYSTEM AND PROCESS FOR ALUMINIZATION OF METAL-CONTAINING SUBSTRATES

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A method for aluminizing a metal-containing substrate, the method comprising:
compressing an aluminum foil of a selected thickness between one or more metal-containing substrates and a refractory material
of a selected thickness with at least one compression component under a selected compression load while heating the aluminum
foil and the metal-containing substrate in an oxidizing gas at a selected temperature for a time sufficient to form an aluminum
oxide coating layer on a surface of the one or more metal-containing substrates.

US Pat. No. 9,812,311

ION MANIPULATION METHOD AND DEVICE

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. An ion manipulation device comprising:
a. a first surface and a second surface;
b. inner arrays of electrodes coupled to each of the first and second surface, the inner arrays of electrodes configured to
receive RF voltage generating a pseudopotential that inhibits charged particles from approaching either of the first and second
surface;

c. outer arrays of electrodes coupled to each of the first and second surface, the outer arrays of electrodes configured to
receive a first DC voltage generating a first DC potential,

wherein the generated pseudopotential and the first DC potential manipulate movement of ions in between the surfaces.

US Pat. No. 9,556,456

PRODUCTION OF BIO-BASED MATERIALS USING PHOTOBIOREACTORS WITH BINARY CULTURES

Battelle Memorial Institu...

2. A non-aerated, substantially vertical oriented photobioreactor for obtaining biotechnology products using CO2 and light together with a microorganism within the photobioreactor, the photobioreactor having
a. an outer cylinder with a height to diameter ratio greater than two and lit by an artificial lighting system which is mounted
to the outer cylinder and comprised of light emitting diodes (LEDs), a black coating provided on the outer cylinder to absorb
reflected light, and a plurality of sensors to regulate desired levels of light from the artificial lighting system to the
photobioreactor, and

b. an inner cylinder housed within the outer cylinder, the inner cylinder and the outer cylinder are both substantially vertical
oriented, wherein the inner cylinder is surrounded by the artificial lighting system and includes a mechanical agitator for
mixing.

US Pat. No. 9,517,984

CONVERSION OF 2,3-BUTANEDIOL TO 2-BUTANOL, OLEFINS AND FUELS

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A method, comprising:
converting 2,3-butanediol to 2-butanol by
exposing a composition comprising aqueous 2,3-butanediol to an acidic catalyst to produce an intermediate composition comprising
methyl ethyl ketone, and

subsequently exposing the intermediate composition to a hydrogenation catalyst to produce a composition comprising 2-butanol,
wherein the hydrogenation catalyst is spatially separated from the acidic catalyst.

US Pat. No. 9,236,709

CHEMICAL DETECTION AND LASER WAVELENGTH STABILIZATION EMPLOYING SPECTROSCOPIC ABSORPTION VIA LASER COMPLIANCE VOLTAGE SENSING

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A method for stabilizing a wavelength of an external cavity laser (ECL), comprising:
supplying a drive current to a laser device disposed within the ECL;
modulating the operating wavelength of a laser mode of the ECL at a preselected modulation frequency, waveform, and amplitude
when at least one analyte is present in the external cavity of the ECL;

setting an average operating wavelength of the ECL to a value corresponding to an absorption feature of the at least one analyte;
measuring a compliance voltage developed across the laser device;
demodulating the compliance voltage at a preselected demodulation frequency, waveform, and amplitude to obtain an error signal;
passing the error signal to a control member;
applying an output of the control member to at least one wavelength-selective element within the external cavity of the ECL
to form a feedback loop that acts on the operating wavelength of the ECL; and

adjusting the gain, phase, and bandwidth of the control member to stabilize the feedback loop and the operating wavelength
of the ECL.

US Pat. No. 9,218,439

SEARCH SYSTEMS AND COMPUTER-IMPLEMENTED SEARCH METHODS

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A search system comprising:
a communications interface configured to access a plurality of data items of a collection, wherein the data items include
a plurality of image objects individually comprising image data utilized to generate an image of the respective data item;

processing circuitry coupled with the communications interface and configured to process the image data of the data items
of the collection to identify a plurality of image content facets which are indicative of image content contained within the
images and to associate the image objects with the image content facets;

a display coupled with the processing circuitry and configured to depict the image objects associated with the image content
facets;

a user interface coupled with the processing circuitry; and
wherein the processing circuitry is configured to access a user input selecting one of the image content facets and to control
the display to only depict the image objects which are associated with the one image content facet.

US Pat. No. 9,063,196

SLOW MAGIC ANGLE SPINNING NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE DEVICE AND PROCESS FOR METABOLOMICS PROFILING OF TISSUES AND BIOFLUIDS

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A slow Magic Angle Spinning (MAS) Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) device, comprising:
a sample spinning probe configured to rotate a sample inclined at a magic angle with respect to the B0 magnetic field at a slow spinning rate, the probe includes a rotor with a sample tube adapter configured to hold a sample
tube of varied dimensions containing a sample of a variable size, quantity, and/or volume in the rotor when introduced into
a support body of the probe; and

a switchable LC resonator comprising a first static RF coil coupled to one or more capacitors that defines an RF circuit,
the LC resonator attaches to a switchable plug component that inserts into the support body of the probe, the LC resonator
when inserted in the support body inductively couples the first static RF coil with a second static RF coil disposed therein
that enhances the sample filling factor between the sample and the first RF coil and the sensitivity of sample analyses therein.

US Pat. No. 9,884,179

NEURAL SLEEVE FOR NEUROMUSCULAR STIMULATION, SENSING AND RECORDING

BBATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTIT...

1. A device for neuromuscular stimulation, comprising:
a reusable sleeve configured to be wrapped around a body part or a limb of a user; and
one or more electrodes housed within the reusable sleeve, configured to provide electrical stimulation to muscles;
wherein the reusable sleeve comprises a first end, a first connector, and at least two flexible fingers along which the one
or more electrodes are located, the flexible fingers extending in the same direction from the first connector towards a second
end of the reusable sleeve, and one or more electrically conductive mediums disposed on each flexible finger; and

wherein the reusable sleeve comprises an accelerometer; and is configured for gesture control of devices.

US Pat. No. 9,841,448

RESONANT SYSTEM AND METHOD OF DETERMINING A DIELECTRIC CONSTANT OF A SAMPLE

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A resonant system for measuring a dielectric constant of a sample comprising:
a device for holding a sample, the device including a resonant waveguide formed with a cavity configured to hold a fixture,
the fixture being configured to hold a sample and fill substantially all of the cavity; and

a network analyzer including a signal source configured to send electromagnetic radiation toward a sample, a radio frequency
detector configured to sense electromagnetic radiation reflected from or transmitted through a sample, and a processor configured
to determine a dielectric constant of a sample based on the sensed electromagnetic radiation.

US Pat. No. 9,772,423

METHOD OF IMAGING THE ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY DISTRIBUTION OF A SUBSURFACE

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A method for imaging electrical conductivity distribution within a subsurface containing metallic structures with known
locations and dimensions, the method comprising the steps of:
a. generating electrical resistivity tomography measurements by injecting electrical currents into the subsurface and measuring
electrical resistivity of items within the subsurface using multiple sets of electrodes;

b. generating simulated data by applying a numeric code that simulates the measured resistivity of the known metallic structures;
c. calculating tomographs from the simulated and measured electrical resistivity data; and
d. applying an inversion code that removes the effects of the subsurface metallic structures with known locations and dimensions
on the measured data.

US Pat. No. 9,651,563

BIOMARKERS FOR LIVER FIBROSIS

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A kit for the diagnosis or prognosis of liver fibrosis in a subject, comprising:
labeled antibodies for detecting at least two liver fibrosis-related molecules,
labeled nucleic acid probes for detecting at least two liver fibrosis-related molecules,
labeled nucleic acid primers for detecting at least two liver fibrosis-related molecules, or combinations thereof,
wherein the at least two liver fibrosis-related molecules comprise at least two of: receptor-type tyrosine-protein phosphatase
gamma (PTPRG); sulfhydryl oxidase 1 (QSOX1); glutathione peroxidase 3 (GPX3); Ig kappa chain V-III region VG; Ig kappa chain
V-III region HAH; Ig lambda chain V-III region LOI; Ig alpha-1 chain C region (IGHA1); Ig gamma-1 chain C region (IGHG1);
Ig gamma-2 chain C region (IGHG2); Ig mu chain C region (IGHM); Ig kappa chain C region (IGKC); Ig kappa chain V-I region
HK102 (IGKV1-5); Ig lambda chain C regions (IGLC1); low affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc region receptor III-A (FCGR3A); alpha-2-macroglobulin
(A2M); actin, cytoplasmic 1 (ACTB); afamin (AFM); Alpha-2-HS-glycoprotein (AHSG); CD166 antigen (ALCAM); apolipoprotein B-100
(APOB); apolipoprotein E (APOE); complement component C7; clusterin (CLU); extracellular matrix protein 1 (ECM1); hemoglobin
subunit beta; inter-alpha-trypsin inhibitor heavy chain H3 (ITIH3); galectin-3-binding protein (LGALS3BP); mannose-binding
protein C (MBL2); L-selectin; alpha-1-antitrypsin (SERPINA1); corticosteroid-binding globulin (SERPINA6); sex hormone-binding
globulin (SHBG); vascular cell adhesion protein 1 (VCAM1); von Willebrand factor (VWF); prothrombin (F2); complement factor
B (CFB); complement factor I (CFI); complement C1s subcomponent (C1S); complement C1r subcomponent (C1R); plasma kallikrein
(KLKB1); coagulation factor XI (F11); coagulation factor IX (F9); Beta-Ala-His dipeptidase (CNDP1); cholinesterase (BCHE);
serum albumin (ALB); serum amyloid P-component (APCS); apolipoprotein A-IV (APOA4); apolipoprotein C-III (APOC3); Beta-2-glycoprotein
1 (APOH); zinc-alpha-2-glycoprotein (AZGP1); complement C4-A (C4A); complement component C6 (C6); complement component C8
alpha chain (C8A); complement component C8 beta chain (C8B); complement component C8 gamma chain (C8G); complement component
C9 (C9); fibrinogen alpha chain (FGA); hemopexin (HPX); histidine-rich glycoprotein (HRG); insulin-like growth factor-binding
protein complex acid labile subunit (IGFALS); inter-alpha-trypsin inhibitor heavy chain H1 (ITIH1); inter-alpha-trypsin inhibitor
heavy chain H2 (ITIH2); inter-alpha-trypsin inhibitor heavy chain H4 (ITIH4); alpha-1-acid glycoprotein 1 (ORM1); alpha-1-acid
glycoprotein 2 (ORM2); proteoglycan 4 (PRG4); retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4); alpha-1-antichymotrypsin (SERPINA3); antithrombin-III
(SERPINC1); heparin cofactor 2 (SERPIND1); transthyretin (TTR); coagulation factor X (F10); fibronectin (FN1); complement
C5 (C5); kallistatin (SERPINA4); vitronectin (VTN); lumican (LUM); hemoglobin subunit alpha (HBA1); plasma protease C1 inhibitor
(SERPING1); Ig kappa chain V-I region AU; Ig kappa chain V-II region Cum Ig kappa chain V-IV region; N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine
amidase (PGLYRP2); biotinidase (BTD); plasminogen (PLG); vitamin K-dependent protein C (PROC); complement C1r subcomponent-like
protein (C1RL); carboxypeptidase N catalytic chain (CPN1); carboxypeptidase B2 (CPB2); apolipoprotein A-I (APOA1); complement
C4-B (C4B); vitamin D-binding protein (GC); platelet glycoprotein V (GP5); haptoglobin (HP); insulin-like growth factor-binding
protein 3 (IGFBP3); kininogen-1 (KNG1); vitamin K-dependent protein S (PROS 1); protein Z-dependent protease inhibitor (SERPINA10);
pigment epithelium-derived factor (SERPINF1); alpha-2-antiplasmin (SERPINF2); thrombospondin-1 (THBS1); prostaglandin-H2 D-isomerase
(PTGDS); carbonic anhydrase 1 (CA1); fructose-bisphosphate aldolase B (ALDOB); complement C2 (C2); coagulation factor XII
(F12); mannan-binding lectin serine protease 2 (MASP2); hyaluronan-binding protein 2 (HABP2); aminopeptidase N (ANPEP); ectonucleotide
pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase family member 2 (ENPP2); ceruloplasmin (CP); peroxiredoxin-2 (PRDX2); alpha-1B-glycoprotein
(A1BG); transforming growth factor-beta-induced protein ig-h3 (TGFB1); monocyte differentiation antigen CD14 (CD14); complement
C3 (C3); endoglin (ENG); endothelial protein C receptor (PROCR); IgGFc-binding protein (FCGBP); ficolin-3 (FCN3); fetuin-B
(FETUB); hepatocyte growth factor-like protein (MST1); cell surface glycoprotein MUC18 (MCAM); neuropilin-1 (NRP1); secreted
phosphoprotein 24 (SPP2); thyroxine-binding globulin (SERPINA7); vasorin (VASN); collagen alpha-1(XVIII) chain (COL18A1);
poliovirus receptor (PVR); apolipoprotein A-II (APOA2); Peptidase inhibitor 16 (PI16); GDH/6PGL endoplasmic bifunctional protein
(H6PD); angiotensinogen (AGT); complement factor H (CFH); c-reactive protein (CRP); gelsolin (GSN); apolipoprotein C-I (APOC1);
macrophage colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor (CSF1R); dopamine beta-hydroxylase (DBH); collagen alpha-3(VI) chain (COL6A3);
cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP); Ig lambda chain V-I region NEWM; intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM1); scavenger
receptor cysteine-rich type 1 protein M130 (CD163); lymphatic vessel endothelial hyaluronic acid receptor 1 (LYVE1); phosphatidylcholine-sterol
acyltransferase (LCAT); carboxypeptidase N subunit 2 (CPN2); vitamin K-dependent protein Z (PROZ); mannan-binding lectin serine
protease 1 (MASP1); selenoprotein P (SEPP1); and retinoic acid receptor responder protein 2 (RARRES2), or any of SEQ ID NOS:
1-5544,

wherein the labeled antibodies, labeled nucleic acid probes, and labeled nucleic acid primers comprise a fluorophore, chemiluminescent
agent, enzyme, hapten, metal complex, or radioactive isotope.

US Pat. No. 9,570,781

OPTICAL WAVEGUIDE METHODS FOR DETECTING INTERNAL FAULTS IN OPERATING BATTERIES

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A battery structure for monitoring development of impending faults of a battery cell, the battery structure comprising:
a first electrode and a second electrode;
a battery cell separator formed of a light transmitting material that has light transmission characteristics that are a function
of a state of impending faults of the battery cell; wherein the battery cell separator comprises:

a core section,
a first cladding section between the core section and the first electrode, and
a second cladding section between the core section and the second electrode;
an electrolyte capable of passing through portions of the battery cell separator;
a light source, in optical communication with a first edge of the battery cell separator, for transmitting light, having a
predetermined wavelength, into the battery cell separator; and

a light detector, in optical communication with a second edge of the battery cell separator, for receiving light transmitted
through the battery cell separator,

wherein a fault state of a portion of the battery cell associated with the light detector can be determined based on the received
light.

US Pat. No. 9,403,686

METHODS FOR ASSOCIATING OR DISSOCIATING GUEST MATERIALS WITH A METAL ORGANIC FRAMEWORK, SYSTEMS FOR ASSOCIATING OR DISSOCIATING GUEST MATERIALS WITHIN A SERIES OF METAL ORGANIC FRAMEWORKS, THERMAL ENERGY TRANSFER ASSEMBLIES, AND ME

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A method for releasing associated guest materials from a metal organic framework, the method comprising electrically altering
the oxidation state of at least a portion of the metal of the metal organic framework to dissociate at least a portion of
the guest materials from the framework.

US Pat. No. 9,359,572

MODIFIED VEGETABLE OIL LUBRICANTS

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A method for producing a lubricant comprising:
forming a backbone modified diester of a biobased fatty acid by:
a) esterifying an epoxidized biobased fatty acid with a carboxylic acid anhydride to form the diester; or
b) reacting an epoxidized biobased fatty acid with a carboxylic acid to form a beta ester alcohol, and reacting the beta ester
alcohol with a second carboxylic acid, an acid anhydride, or an acid chloride to form the diester; or

c) hydrolyzing an epoxidized biobased fatty acid to a diol and reacting the diol with a carboxylic acid, an acid anhydride,
or an acid chloride to form the diester;

wherein the backbone modified diester of the biobased fatty acid is esterified with 2-butanol, 1,2-propylene glycol, 2-methyl-1,3-propane
diol, 1,1,1-(trimethylol)propane, or neopentyl glycol;

the biobased fatty acid content being high oleic with an oleic content in a range of 70-85 wt %, mid oleic with an oleic content
in a range of 40-70 wt %, an oleic content in a range of 85-95 wt %, a linoleic content in a range of 55-65 wt %, or a saturated
fatty acid content in a range of 4-12 wt %;

wherein the esterified backbone modified diester of the biobased fatty acid has a viscosity of 4.57 to 24.74 cSt at 100° C.

US Pat. No. 9,356,314

METALLIZATION PATTERN ON SOLID ELECTROLYTE OR POROUS SUPPORT OF SODIUM BATTERY PROCESS

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A solid electrolyte, comprising:
a metallization layer comprising a densified metal selected from the group consisting of: platinum (Pt); gold (Au); silver
(Ag), nickel (Ni), copper (Cu), molybdenum (Mo), tin (Sn), lead (Pb), alloys thereof, and combinations thereof of a selected
thickness bonded to the anode side of the solid electrolyte with a plurality of circular or rectangular features of a selected
size distributed in the form of a grid in a plane defined across the surface of the solid electrolyte that defines a metallization
pattern, the features accumulate sodium metal in operation forming distinct metal islands that expand the area of the anode
in active ionic contact with the cathode compared to the solid electrolyte absent the metallization layer.

US Pat. No. 9,331,483

THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE APPARATUS, CONTROLLERS AND THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE CONTROL METHODS

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A thermal energy storage control method comprising:
accessing information regarding a state of an electrical power generation utility;
controlling the application of electrical energy from the electrical power generation utility to a heating element of a thermal
energy storage apparatus which is configured to heat a thermal energy storage medium, wherein the controlling comprises increasing
an amount of the electrical energy utilized by the heating element to heat the thermal energy storage medium as a result of
the accessed information indicating a presence of a surplus of electrical energy upon the electrical power generation utility;

wherein the increasing comprises, using a temperature of the thermal energy storage medium and the information indicating
the presence of the surplus of electrical energy upon the electrical power generation utility, selecting one of a plurality
of different increased amounts of the electrical energy, and applying the selected one different increased amount of the electrical
energy to the heating element; and

wherein the selecting comprises:
selecting one of a plurality of functions using the temperature of the thermal energy storage medium; and
using the selected function and the information indicating the presence of the surplus of electrical energy upon the electrical
power generation utility, selecting the one of the different increased amounts of the electrical energy; and

wherein the selected function is selected at one moment in time, and further comprising:
selecting a second of the functions using the temperature of the thermal energy storage medium at a second moment in time;
and

using the selected second function, increasing the amount of the electrical energy utilized by the heating element to heat
the thermal energy storage medium to at least a substantially maximum amount as a result of the accessed information indicating
the presence of the surplus of electrical energy upon the electrical power generation utility exceeding a threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,236,620

COMPOSITE SEPARATORS AND REDOX FLOW BATTERIES BASED ON POROUS SEPARATORS

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. An all vanadium redox flow battery (RFB) having a composite separator between positive and negative electrolytes each comprising
a vanadium redox couple, the RFB characterized by:
the composite separator having a porous structure consisting essentially of pores having a median diameter between 5 nm and
250 nm;

the composite separator comprising aggregated inorganic particles enmeshed in a matrix, the aggregated inorganic particles
comprising an acid-stable, hydrophilic, inorganic material and the matrix comprising a substantially fully fluorinated polyolefin,
wherein the substantially fully fluorinated polyolefin is from 30% to 95% of the polyolefin and inorganic material combined
weight; and

a pressure controller configured to regulate pressures applied to the positive and negative electrolytes on respective sides
of the composite separator during battery operation, thereby adjusting the volume of the positive and negative electrolyte
by flowing positive or negative electrolyte across the composite separator.

US Pat. No. 9,206,450

ENHANCED CITRIC ACID PRODUCTION IN ASPERGILLUS WITH INACTIVATED ASPARAGINE-LINKED GLYCOSYLATION PROTEIN 3 (ALG3), AND/OR INCREASED LAEA EXPRESSION

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A method of making citric acid, comprising culturing an isolated Aspergillus species fungus transformed with at least one Aspergillus LaeA (a loss of aflR expression A) gene under conditions that permit the fungus to make citric acid, thereby making citric
acid, wherein said LaeA gene encodes a protein having at least 80% sequence identity to the polypeptide of SEQ ID NO: 41 or
SEQ ID NO: 59.

US Pat. No. 9,077,011

REDOX FLOW BATTERIES BASED ON SUPPORTING SOLUTIONS CONTAINING CHLORIDE

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. An all-vanadium redox flow battery system, the system characterized by an anolyte comprising V2+ and V3+, a catholyte comprising
V4+ and V5+, and an aqueous supporting solution comprising anions and cations for both the anolyte and the catholyte, wherein
the anions of the supporting solution consist of sulfate ions, chloride ions hydrogen ions, vanadium ions and vanadium oxide
ions.

US Pat. No. 9,997,267

NUCLEAR REACTOR TARGET ASSEMBLIES, NUCLEAR REACTOR CONFIGURATIONS, AND METHODS FOR PRODUCING ISOTOPES, MODIFYING MATERIALS WITHIN TARGET MATERIAL, AND/OR CHARACTERIZING MATERIAL WITHIN A TARGET MATERIAL

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A target assembly for a nuclear reactor, the target assembly comprising:a solid annulus comprising uranium, and defining an outer circumference and an inner circumference, the inner circumference defining a volume within the solid annulus;
a solid target material within the volume of the annulus, the solid target material consisting essentially of non-uranium material and comprising at least one of Mo, P, S, Ir, Au, Re, and/or Cr;
the solid target material consisting of a plurality of longitudinally stacked nuclear fuel pellets;
at least one liner arranged along the inner circumference of the solid annulus, the at least one liner operable to absorb thermal neutrons and allow epithermal and fast neutrons to selectively pass to the target material during irradiation;
wherein the solid target material spans the volume defined by the at least one liner; and
wherein the solid annulus is configured to be distinct from and removably coupled to the solid target material following irradiation.

US Pat. No. 9,960,443

REDOX FLOW BATTERIES HAVING MULTIPLE ELECTROACTIVE ELEMENTS

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A battery comprising:a redox flow battery (RFB) system having an aqueous-based negative electrolyte, an aqueous-based positive electrolyte, and a membrane between the negative electrolyte and the positive electrolyte, the system further comprising:
at least two electrochemically active elements in the negative electrolyte, the positive electrolyte, or both, thereby employing at least two electrochemically active redox pairs, the at least two electrochemically active redox pairs being present in the RFB negative half cell, positive half cell, or both, during both charging and discharging of the RFB system, wherein the positive electrolyte comprises electrochemically active redox pair ions consisting of electrochemically active V redox ions and electrochemically active Fe redox ions.

US Pat. No. 9,954,229

ELECTROLYTE FOR STABLE CYCLING OF HIGH-ENERGY LITHIUM SULFUR REDOX FLOW BATTERIES

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A device comprising:a non-aqueous lithium sulfur redox flow battery comprising an electrolyte composition comprising:
(i) a dissolved Li2Sx electroactive salt, wherein x?4;
(ii) a solvent selected from dimethyl sulfoxide, tetrahydrofuran, or a mixture thereof; and
(iii) a supporting salt at a concentration of at least 3 M, as measured by moles of supporting salt divided by the volume of the solvent without considering the volume change of the electrolyte after dissolving the supporting salt.
US Pat. No. 9,771,533

SYSTEMS AND PROCESSES FOR CONVERSION OF ETHYLENE FEEDSTOCKS TO HYDROCARBON FUELS

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A process for converting feedstocks to distillate-range hydrocarbon fuels, comprising:
oligomerizing an ethylene-containing feed over a first catalyst at a temperature selected from about 40° C. to about 220°
C. to form a water-free first oligomerization product in a first reaction stage, wherein the water-free first oligomerization
product contains a majority concentration of mixed olefins with a carbon number from about C4 to about C8;

oligomerizing the mixed olefins in the water-free first oligomerization product over a second catalyst at a temperature from
about 150° C. to about 350° C. to form a two-step oligomerization product at a yield greater than or equal to about 20% containing
mixed open-chain linear and branched olefins with a carbon number from about C8 to about C23; and

combining together selected portions of (a) the two-step oligomerization product and a first hydrocarbon product or (b) the
two-step oligomerization product, the first hydrocarbon products, and a second hydrocarbon product to form a blend comprising
any selected ratio of open-chain and closed-chain hydrocarbons;

wherein the first hydrocarbon product is derived from an ethanol-containing feed and comprises a majority concentration of
mixed cycloparaffin hydrocarbons and mixed closed-chain aromatic hydrocarbons with a carbon number between about C3 to about
C12; and the second hydrocarbon product comprises a selected quantity of alkylated aromatic hydrocarbons.

US Pat. No. 9,558,925

DEVICE FOR SEPARATING NON-IONS FROM IONS

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A single ion funnel device for separating non-ions from ions traveling in a downstream direction comprising:
a plurality of electrodes positioned around a center axis of the device and having apertures therein through which the ions
are transmitted, wherein an inner diameter of the apertures varies in length and non-linearly from an entrance of the device
to an exit of the device, a line of sight from the entrance of the device to the exit of the device, wherein at least a portion
of the line of sight is obstructed; and wherein at least a portion of the center axis between the electrodes is non-linear
and offset; and a RF voltage applied to each of the electrodes and a DC gradient applied across the plurality of electrodes,
wherein the non-ions are pumped away from in between the electrodes;

wherein the inner diameter of at least one aperture of the apertures is smaller than the inner diameter of another aperture
situated at a bend variation of the center axis downstream from the at least one aperture.

US Pat. No. 9,536,725

MEANS OF INTRODUCING AN ANALYTE INTO LIQUID SAMPLING ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE GLOW DISCHARGE

Clemson University, Clem...

1. A liquid sampling, atmospheric pressure, glow discharge (LS-APGD) device comprising:
an electrolyte solution source;
a first hollow tube extending from the electrolyte solution source to a first discharge end of the first hollow tube, the
first hollow tube comprising an inside diameter of from about 0.1 millimeter to about 2 millimeters, the first hollow tube
comprising a conductive element, the first hollow tube being in fluid communication with the electrolyte solution source and
being configured to carry a flow of a liquid electrolyte solution within the first hollow tube and deliver the electrolyte
solution out of the first discharge end;

an analyte source;
a second hollow tube extending from the analyte source to a second discharge end of the second hollow tube, the second hollow
tube comprising an inside diameter of from about 0.1 millimeter to about 2 millimeters, the second hollow tube being in fluid
communication with the analyte source and being configured to carry a flow of an aerosol including an analyte within the second
hollow tube and deliver the aerosol out of the second discharge end, the first and second hollow tubes being located with
respect to one another such that a flow that exits the first discharge end of the first hollow tube intersects with a flow
that exits the second discharge end of the second hollow tube;

a counter electrode disposed at a distance of from about 0.1 millimeter to about 5 millimeters from the first discharge end
of the first hollow tube, a terminal portion of the second hollow tube comprising the counter electrode;

a power source in electrical communication with the conductive element of the first hollow tube and with the counter electrode
such that the conductive element of the first hollow tube and the counter electrode are in electrical communication with one
another via the power source, the power source being configured to establish a voltage difference between the conductive element
and the counter electrode across the distance; and

a glow discharge space within the distance.

US Pat. No. 9,289,741

SUSPENDED-SLURRY REACTOR

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. An apparatus for generating a large volume of gas from a liquid stream, comprising:
a. a first channel through which the liquid stream passes;
b. a layer of catalyst particles suspended in a solid slurry, through which the liquid stream passes from one side of the
catalyst layer to the other, for generating gas from the liquid stream; and

c. a second channel through which a mixture of converted liquid and generated gas passes, wherein the first and second channels
are located on opposite sides of the catalyst layer.

US Pat. No. 9,245,297

FORWARD-LOOKING TRANSACTIVE PRICING SCHEMES FOR USE IN A MARKET-BASED RESOURCE ALLOCATION SYSTEM

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A method for generating a bid value for purchasing electricity in a market-based resource allocation system, the method
comprising:
receiving, by computing hardware associated with an electrical device, a desired performance value indicative of a user's
desired performance level for the electrical device;

receiving, by the computing hardware, one or more user tolerance values indicative of the user's willingness to tolerate variations
from the desired performance level for the electrical device, wherein the one or more user tolerance values are separate from
the desired performance value;

receiving, by the computing hardware, price information from an electricity futures market;
computing, by the computing hardware, a bid value for purchasing electricity from a local resource allocation market sufficient
to operate the electrical device at the desired performance level, the computing being performed based at least in part on
the desired performance value, the one or more user tolerance values, and the price information from the electricity futures
market;

transmitting, by the computing hardware, the bid value to a computer that operates the local resource allocation market;
receiving, by the computing hardware, a dispatch value from the computer that operates the local resource allocation market,
the dispatch value being based at least in part on the transmitted bid value;

comparing, by the computing hardware, the received dispatch value to the bid value; and
activating or deactivating, by the computing hardware, the electrical device based on the comparison between the dispatch
value and the bid value.

US Pat. No. 9,878,122

NANO-AEROSOL GENERATION SYSTEM AND METHODS

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A method for producing a flow of an aerosol comprising nano-particles comprising the steps of:
providing a Collison nebulizer in communication with a plenum,
introducing nano-particles into the Collison nebulizer as a colloidal suspension in water,
providing a helium gas flow into the Collison nebulizer, thereby entraining the nano-particles into the helium gas flow,
directing the nano-particles entrained in the helium gas flow out an exit of the Collison nebulizer and into the plenum, and
providing a flow of dry air through an inlet around the nano-particles entrained in the helium gas flow in the plenum.

US Pat. No. 9,840,780

SYSTEM AND PROCESS FOR ALUMINIZATION OF METAL-CONTAINING SUBSTRATES

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A system for aluminizing a surface of metal-containing substrates, the system comprises:
a compression assembly comprising at least one compression component configured to compress an aluminum foil of a selected
thickness between one or more metal-containing substrates and a refractory material of a selected thickness under a selected
compression load in an oxidizing gas at a selected temperature for a time sufficient to form an aluminum oxide coating layer
on the surface of the one or more metal-containing substrates.

US Pat. No. 9,819,039

REDOX FLOW BATTERIES BASED ON SUPPORTING SOLUTIONS CONTAINING CHLORIDE

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A battery system comprising:
an all-vanadium redox flow battery system including
an anolyte comprising electrochemically active ions consisting of V2+ and V3+;

a catholyte comprising electrochemically active ions consisting of V4+ and V5+; and

an aqueous HCl and H2SO4 supporting solution in the anolyte and the catholyte.

US Pat. No. 9,802,834

PRODUCTION OF NANOCRYSTALLINE METAL POWDERS VIA COMBUSTION REACTION SYNTHESIS

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A method for synthesizing powders by a combustion reaction, the method comprising:
forming a combustion synthesis solution by dissolving in water an oxidizer, a fuel, and at least one base-soluble ammonium
metatungstate (AMT) in amounts that yield a stoichiometric burn when combusted;

heating the combustion synthesis solution to a temperature sufficient to substantially remove the water and to initiate a
self-sustaining combustion reaction to form a combustion product of WO2 crystallites of a size less than 60 nm; and

heating the combustion product for less than 6 hours in a reducing atmosphere at a temperature lower than 850° C. to form
the W powder.

US Pat. No. 9,748,595

HIGH-ENERGY-DENSITY, AQUEOUS, METAL-POLYIODIDE REDOX FLOW BATTERIES

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A redox flow battery (RFB) comprising:
a first electrolyte comprising Zn2+ in an aqueous solution and a first electrode comprising Zn, wherein the Zn and the Zn2+ compose a first active redox couple at a first half-cell;

a second electrolyte comprising I?, anions of Ix (x?3), or both in the aqueous solution, wherein the I? and the anions of Ix compose a second active redox couple at a second half-cell; and

a membrane or separator between the first and second half-cells;
wherein the RFB has an energy density (based on the positive electrolyte) greater than 60 Wh/L and the aqueous solution contains
substantially no I2.

US Pat. No. 9,759,499

CASELESS PROJECTILE AND LAUNCHING SYSTEM

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A launcher system comprising:
a projectile including:
a main body having at least one vent hole, and
a charge provided in the main body; and
a launcher including:
a sealed breech,
a barrel adapted to receive the projectile, said barrel having a vent hole,
a mechanism for activating the projectile whereby, when the mechanism activates the projectile and the charge is initiated,
gas is created which exits the main body through the at least one vent hole to provide thrust for the projectile, and

a collar formed with a passageway being mounted on the barrel and selectively movable from a non-venting position blocking
the gas from exiting the vent hole to a venting position allowing the gas to pass from the barrel through the vent hole in
the barrel into the passageway and to atmosphere whereby movement of the collar controls the launch velocity of the projectile.

US Pat. No. 9,704,701

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR ION MOBILITY SEPARATIONS

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. An ion mobility separation or manipulation device comprising:
a. a single, non-planar surface that is curved to form an ion separation channel;
b. arrays of electrodes coupled to the surface; and
c. a combination of RF and DC voltages applied to the arrays of electrodes to create confining and driving fields that move
ions through the device;

wherein the electrodes receiving the applied RF and DC voltages conform to the shape of the surface.
US Pat. No. 9,663,435

PROCESS FOR CONVERSION OF LEVULINIC ACID TO KETONES

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A method for decarboxylating a feed stock comprising levulinic acid to generate ketones comprising the step of:
passing a feed stock comprising levulinic acid in a gas phase over a metal catalyst on a neutral support having a pH between
5.5 and 8 at a temperature between 350-650 degrees C.

US Pat. No. 9,568,288

SURFACE MOUNT EXPLODING FOIL INITIATOR

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. An exploding foil initiator system comprising: a substrate having a first side and a second side; an exploding foil initiator
formed on the first side of the substrate, the exploding foil initiator comprising a first contact, a second contact and a
channel that electrically connects the first contact and the second contact; a first via defining a first axis through the
substrate, wherein the first via forms an intersection with the first contact and aligns with the first contact; a second
via defining a second axis through the substrate, wherein the second via forms an intersection with the second contact and
aligns with the second contact; a first surface-mount pad on the second side of the substrate that electrically connects to
the first contact of the exploding foil initiator through the first via; and a second surface-mount pad on the second side
of the substrate that electrically connects to the second contact of the exploding foil initiator through the second via.

US Pat. No. 9,520,580

MULTIFUNCTIONAL CELL FOR STRUCTURAL APPLICATIONS

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. An electrochemical device comprising one or more anodes, one or more cathodes, one or more separators; one or more inner
current collectors; and two outer current collectors;
wherein the one or more anodes and one or more cathodes are between the two outer current collectors and each of the one or
more anodes and one or more cathodes is adhered to an adjacent inner or outer collector, and the one or more separators are
between the one or more anodes and one or more cathodes and are adhered to at least one anode or cathode;

wherein the one or more inner current collectors are inside the two outer current collectors; wherein at least one of the
one or more inner current collectors is not bonded to the two outer current collectors;

wherein the two outer current collectors are a barrier; and
wherein the two outer current collectors are bonded together to create a sealed container for the one or more anodes, one
or more cathodes, and one or more separators.

US Pat. No. 9,393,324

USE OF 31P NMR SPECTROSCOPY OF WHOLE HEART ENERGETICS FOR DETECTION OF DRUG-INDUCED CARDIOTOXICITY

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A method of determining cardiac toxicity of a compound of interest, comprising the steps of
a. optionally, i) determining from a heart or cardiac cell of a mammal peak levels of one or more indicators of cardiac energetics
selected from inorganic phosphate, phosphocreatine, ATP?, or a combination thereof; and ii) one or more indicators of cardiac
function selected from contractility, relaxation, heart rate, conduction velocity, or a combination thereof, before administration
of said compound of interest to the heart or cardiac cell;

b. contacting said heart or cardiac cell of a mammal with said compound of interest;
c. measuring after step (b), i) peak levels of said one or more indicators of cardiac energetics after administration of said
compound of interest to the heart or cardiac cell of the mammal; and, optionally, ii) one or more indicators of cardiac function
selected from contractility, relaxation, heart rate, conduction velocity, or a combination thereof;

d. contacting said heart or cardiac cell of said mammal previously contacted with said compound of interest, after step (c)
with an agent known to cause an increase in cardiac function, said cardiac function selected from contractility, relaxation,
heart rate, conduction velocity, or a combination thereof;

e. measuring after step (d), i) peak levels of said one or more indicators of cardiac energetics after administration of said
agent known to cause an increase in cardiac function; and, optionally ii) one or more indicators of cardiac function selected
from contractility, relaxation, heart rate, conduction velocity, or a combination thereof;

f. comparing the levels of said one or more indicators obtained in step (c) with the levels of said one or more indicators
obtained in step (e);

wherein a decrease in one or more indicators of cardiac energetics as measured in step (c) as compared to step (e) indicates
that the compound of interest does, or is likely to have, cardiotoxic properties; and

wherein levels of said one or more indicators of cardiac energetics are obtained using 31P NMR.

US Pat. No. 9,389,121

LINE LIGHT SOURCE FOR RAMAN OR OTHER SPECTROSCOPIC SYSTEM

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. An apparatus comprising:
a microscope objective focused on a microscope field of view;
a light source including a laser generating an astigmatic beam having astigmatism tan(?)/tan(?) where ? is the largest beam
divergence angle of the astigmatic beam and a is the smallest beam divergence angle of the astigmatic beam; and

optics configured to couple the astigmatic beam into the microscope objective to produce high aspect ratio illumination at
the microscope field of view wherein the optics comprise an aspherical lens arranged to compensate the astigmatism of the
astigmatic beam wherein the aspherical lens has a finite focal length in the direction of the largest beam divergence angle
? effective to collimate light with the largest beam divergence angle ? and has a finite focal length in the direction of
the smallest beam divergence angle ? effective to collimate light with the smallest beam divergence angle ? to convert the
astigmatic beam to a collimated beam and the microscope objective images the collimated beam at the microscope field of view
to produce the high aspect ratio illumination at the microscope field of view; and

a data acquisition system configured to generate data pertaining to light emanating from the microscope field of view responsive
to the high aspect ratio illumination.

US Pat. No. 9,269,548

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR COUPLING FAST SEPARATIONS AND SLOW DETECTION SYSTEMS

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A system, comprising:
an ion mobility separation stage with a drift region therein coupled to an ion trap mass spectrometer, wherein the separation
stage is configured to receive two or more ion packets comprising ions from multiple analytes in a sample in succession from
an ion funnel at time intervals that are other than constant encoded by a first pulse sequence that separates the ions in
the drift region therein;

an ion gate disposed at an end of the drift region in front of the ion trap mass spectrometer; and
control circuitry configured to release ions in two or more separated ion packets from the drift region through the ion gate
into the ion trap mass spectrometer at time intervals encoded by a second pulse sequence within the acquisition time of the
ion trap mass spectrometer.

US Pat. No. 9,130,218

HYBRID ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS UTILIZING REDOX ACTIVE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. An energy storage system having a separator separating first and second electrodes, the first electrode comprising a first
current collector and a first volume containing a first active material the second electrode comprising a second current collector
and a second volume containing a second active material, the energy storage system characterized during operation by a first
source operably connected to the first volume and configured to provide a flow of first active material, the first active
material comprising a redox active organic compound dissolved in a non-aqueous electrolyte and the second active material
comprising a redox active metal, wherein the redox active organic compound comprises 1 5-bis(2-(2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethoxy)ethoxy)anthracene-9,10-dione
(151)3GAQ).

US Pat. No. 9,919,492

ARMOR SYSTEM WITH MULTI-HIT CAPACITY AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURE

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A method of forming an armor panel with multi-hit capacity having a predetermined length and width comprising:
cutting a first layer of fiber weave to approximately two times the predetermined length and placing the first layer into
a mold;

cutting a layer of high strength fiber weave to the predetermined length and placing the layer of high strength fiber weave
in the mold;

placing a support plate including edges in the mold;
placing a center layer of ballistic tiles in the mold;
wrapping the first layer around the layer of high strength fiber, the support plate and the center layer of ballistic tiles;
and

closing and heating the mold to cure the armor panel.

US Pat. No. 9,879,352

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR FUEL PRODUCTION IN ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS AND REACTORS

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A method of converting lower-cost gases into higher-value fuels and chemicals, comprising:
a. applying a voltage between an anode and a cathode of an electrochemical cell, wherein the anode includes a metal oxide
electrocatalyst;

b. supplying oxygen to the cathode which produces oxygen ions, wherein the anode electrocatalyst is at least partially oxidized
by the oxygen ions transported through an electrolyte from the cathode to the anode; and

c. supplying a feed gas stream to the anode electrocatalyst, wherein the feed gas stream is at least partially oxidized by
the anode electrocatalyst; and

d. re-oxidizing the anode electrocatalyst by supplying the oxygen ions to the anode, the extent of which is controlled by
the voltage applied.

US Pat. No. 9,782,731

SYSTEM AND PROCESS FOR DISSOLUTION OF SOLIDS

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

11. A process for performing inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy (ICP-MS) analysis of solids, comprising the steps
of:
pretreating the solid by ablating at least a portion of the solid in an ablation device into a carrier gas;
passing the carrier gas and ablated particles through the ICP plasma to atomize the ablated particles to form plasma gas atoms;
capturing the exhausted atomized particles and the carrier gas from the ICP in water to form a sampling solution; and
analyzing the sampling solution using an ICP-MS device to determine and quantify components in the original solid.

US Pat. No. 9,580,793

SUBWAVELENGTH COATINGS AND METHODS FOR MAKING AND USING SAME

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A method of forming a subwavelength plasmonic mesh coating, comprising the steps of:
depositing a first material comprising dielectric particles of a subwavelength size onto a substrate that self-assemble thereon
forming a monolayer template with subwavelength voids between the dielectric particles;

etching the dielectric particles to reduce the size thereof and increase the size of the subwavelength voids between the dielectric
particles in the monolayer template;

coating the monolayer template with a second material comprising a metal selected from Ag, Au, Al, or combinations thereof
to substantially fill the subwavelength voids therein;

heating the monolayer template at a temperature from about 100° C. to about 300° C. for a time sufficient to sinter the second
metal material therein forming a continuous and substantially periodic metal mesh between the dielectric particles in the
subwavelength voids; and

removing the dielectric particles from the monolayer template to form the subwavelength plasmonic metal mesh coating on the
substrate.

US Pat. No. 9,583,776

SWEEP MEMBRANE SEPARATOR AND FUEL PROCESSING SYSTEMS

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A fuel pre-processing system including:
a hydrodesulfurization reactor operating at a pressure of 200-500 psig and a temperature of 200-500° C., for performing vapor-phase
hydrodesulfurization of a sulfur-bearing hydrocarbon fuel, to produce a product stream including clean fuel and hydrogen sulfide;

a sulfur compound absorbing reactor operating at a pressure of 200-500 psig and a temperature of 200-400° C., connected downstream
from the hydrodesulfurization reactor, for adsorbing the hydrogen sulfide from the product stream;

a supply of the sulfur-bearing hydrocarbon fuel connected upstream from the hydrodesulfurization reactor, to provide the sulfur-bearing
hydrocarbon fuel for the hydrodesulfurization reaction; and

a sweep membrane separator connected upstream from the hydrodesulfurization reactor to provide hydrogen for the hydrodesulfurization
reaction, the sweep membrane separator including a membrane that is selectively permeable to hydrogen, the hydrogen provided
by the sweep membrane separator being at a pressure equal to or greater than the hydrodesulfurization reactor operating pressure.

US Pat. No. 9,537,313

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR USING DEMAND SIDE RESOURCES TO PROVIDE FREQUENCY REGULATION USING A DYNAMIC ALLOCATION OF ENERGY RESOURCES

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A system operative in conjunction with an electric power grid managed by an electric power grid managing entity, the system
comprising:
a plurality of dispatch engines comprising electronic data processing devices, each dispatch engine configured to service
endpoints operatively connected with the dispatch engine by transmitting dispatch signals to the serviced endpoints that cause
the serviced endpoints to adjust electric power consumed by the endpoints from the electric power grid in accord with a control
signal received by the dispatch engine;

wherein the plurality of dispatch engines includes:
a market interface dispatch engine operatively connected to receive its control signal from the electric power grid managing
entity, and

second level dispatch engines operatively connected to receive their control signals from the market interface dispatch engine
wherein their control signals comprise dispatch signals transmitted from the market interface dispatch engine to the second
level dispatch engines and wherein the second level dispatch engines are configured to service endpoints comprising electric
power-consuming loads that consume electric power from the electric power grid.

US Pat. No. 9,342,850

FORWARD-LOOKING TRANSACTIVE PRICING SCHEMES FOR USE IN A MARKET-BASED RESOURCE ALLOCATION SYSTEM

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A method of operating a resource allocation system, comprising:
by computing hardware associated with the resource allocation system, receiving a plurality of requests for electricity from
a plurality of device controllers associated with a respective plurality of responsive end-use electrical devices, wherein
each of the requests indicates a requested quantity of electricity, a device-requested index value indicative of a maximum
price a respective end-use electrical device will pay for the requested quantity of electricity, and an indication of whether
the respective end-use electrical device is currently operating and thereby consuming electricity from the resource allocation
system;

by the computing hardware, computing a responsive load currently experienced in the resource allocation system by summing
the requested quantities of electricity from a plurality of the responsive end-use electrical devices that also are currently
operating;

by the computing hardware, computing an unresponsive load in the resource allocation system by computing a difference between
the responsive load and a total load currently experienced by the resource allocation system, wherein the unresponsive load
is associated with unresponsive end-use electrical devices that are currently operating and thereby consuming electricity
from the resource allocation system; and

altering the responsive load in the resource allocation system by transmitting a dispatched index value to the plurality of
device controllers and causing the device controllers to adjust the electricity consumption of the associated responsive end-use
electrical devices in response to the dispatched index value.

US Pat. No. 10,125,079

METHODS OF MAKING LEVULINIC ACID AND ALKYL LEVULINATES FROM SACCHARIDES

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A method of making at least one of levulinic acid, and alkyl levulinate comprising:heating a polysaccharide to a temperature in a range of about 50° C. to about 120° C. in the presence of water, a first alcohol, and a first acid to cleave the polysaccharide into at least one monosaccharide or monosaccharide acetal or both;
increasing the temperature of the at least one monosaccharide or monosaccharide acetal or both and contacting the at least one monosaccharide or monosaccharide acetal or both with a second acid in the presence of a second alcohol at a temperature in a range of about 100° C. to about 200° C. to form a reaction mixture comprising the at least one of the levulinic acid and the alkyl levulinate; and
wherein there is a temperature difference of at least 10° C. between the temperature at which the polysaccharide is heated and the temperature at which the monosaccharide or monosaccharide acetal or both is contacted.

US Pat. No. 10,059,890

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR ACOUSTICALLY-ASSISTED HYDROPROCESSING AT LOW PRESSURE

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A method of hydroprocessing a feedstock, the method comprising:flowing the feedstock through a reaction zone in a reactor, the reaction zone having a bulk pressure less than 3 atm, wherein the feedstock comprises one or more hydrocarbon compounds and a transport gas;
inducing acoustic streaming in the reaction zone by applying acoustic energy through the reaction zone; and
chemically reacting the hydrocarbon compounds with a hydrogen source in the presence of a catalyst in the reaction zone, in the presence of the induced acoustic streaming.

US Pat. No. 9,923,723

INTELLIGENT SENSOR AND CONTROLLER FRAMEWORK FOR THE POWER GRID

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A method, comprising: receiving data representing a software agent, the data including data indicating a cryptographic
signature for the software agent, data indicating computing hardware resource requirements for executing the software agent,
and executable code for performing an agent task; determining that the executable code is authorized for execution; and responsive
to the determining, executing the executable code on a processor, thereby performing the agent task, wherein the determining
that the executable code is authorized for execution comprises verifying that the software agent is authorized using the data
indicating the cryptographic signature, and verifying that sufficient computing resources are available for the software agent
using the data indicating the computing hardware resource requirements.

US Pat. No. 9,884,178

NEUROMUSCULAR STIMULATION CUFF

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A device for neuromuscular stimulation, comprising:
a flexible printed circuit board having a fork and a plurality of fingers, each finger having a plurality of electrogel discs
disposed thereon, wherein the fork connects all of the fingers together at one end; and

a rigidizer, the plurality of fingers extending between the fork and the rigidizer.

US Pat. No. 9,873,828

ELECTROPHILIC ACID GAS-REACTIVE FLUID, PROPPANT, AND PROCESS FOR ENHANCED FRACTURING AND RECOVERY OF ENERGY PRODUCING MATERIALS

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A fracturing fluid comprising: an electrophilic gas reactive compound selected from the group consisting of polyallylamines,
polyamines, polyimines, polyanilines, polyamides, polyacrylamides, polyaminosiloxanes, polyaminosilicones, polyamidines, polyguanidines
and combinations thereof; an aqueous solvent; and an electrophilic acid gas releasing agent comprising a bicarbonate salt;
wherein the electrophilic acid gas releasing agent is present in an amount sufficient to release enough electrophilic acid
gas into the fracturing fluid to crosslink the polymer and expand the fracturing fluid volume;

wherein expansion of the fracturing fluid volume in contact with shale rock and/or bedrock propagates fractures therein in
situ enabling recovery of energy-producing materials released through the propagated fractures.

US Pat. No. 9,871,295

MULTI-SCALE, MULTI-LAYER DIODE GRID ARRAY RECTENNA

Battelle Memorial Institu...

18. A method comprising:
receiving electromagnetic energy with an antenna;
rectifying the electromagnetic energy with a first grid array including a first grid pattern of diodes located substantially
along a first surface, with the first grid array acting as a half-wave rectifying element when illuminated by the electromagnetic
energy, and a second grid array being offset from said first grid array, including a second grid pattern of diodes having
a different grid density from the first grid pattern of diodes and being located substantially along a second surface, with
the second grid array acting as a half-wave rectifying element when illuminated by the electromagnetic energy, wherein the
first surface is spaced from the second surface thereby converting the electromagnetic energy into an electrical current;
and

sending the electric current to an output through an electrical circuit connected to the first and second arrays.

US Pat. No. 9,824,874

ION FUNNEL DEVICE

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. An ion funnel device comprising:
a. a first pair of electrodes positioned in a first direction;
b. a second pair of electrodes positioned in a second direction; and
c. a RF voltage source and a DC voltage source, wherein a RF voltage with a superimposed DC voltage gradient is applied to
the first pair of electrodes, and wherein a DC voltage gradient is applied to the second pair of electrodes and a RF voltage
is not applied to the second pair of electrodes.

US Pat. No. 9,722,277

ELECTROLYTE FOR BATTERIES WITH REGENERATIVE SOLID ELECTROLYTE INTERFACE

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A battery device comprising:
an anode comprising graphite;
a cathode comprising sulfur; and
an electrolyte composition selected from:
(i) a solute comprising lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulphonyl) imide and a solvent comprising 1,3-dioxolane, wherein the solute
concentration in the electrolyte composition is at least 3M, as measured by moles of solute divided by the volume of the solvent
without considering the volume change of the electrolyte composition after dissolving the solute;

(ii) a solute comprising lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulphonyl) imide and a solvent comprising 1,2-dimethoxyethane, wherein
the solute concentration in the electrolyte composition is at least 7M, as measured by moles of solute divided by the volume
of the solvent without considering the volume change of the electrolyte composition after dissolving the solute; or

(iii) a solute selected from lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulphonyl) imide, LiPF6, or LiClO4, and a solvent comprising propylene carbonate, wherein the solute concentration in the electrolyte composition is at least
5M, as measured by moles of solute divided by the volume of the solvent without considering the volume change of the electrolyte
composition after dissolving the solute.

US Pat. No. 9,663,416

SYSTEMS AND PROCESSES FOR CONVERSION OF ETHYLENE FEEDSTOCKS TO HYDROCARBON FUELS

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A process for conversion of an ethylene-containing feedstock into distillate range hydrocarbons for fuels and fuel blend
stocks, the method comprising the steps of:
oligomerizing ethylene in the ethylene-containing feedstock over a metal heterogeneous catalyst at a temperature from about
40° C. to 200° C. to form a water-free first oligomerization product in a first reaction stage, wherein the first oligomerization
product contains a majority concentration of mixed olefins with a carbon number from about C4 to about C8; and

oligomerizing the mixed olefins in the water-free first oligomerization product over a non-metal heterogeneous catalyst at
a temperature from greater than 200° C. to about 350° C. to form a second oligomerization product in a subsequent reaction
stage, wherein the second oligomerization product contains mixed linear olefins and branched olefins with a carbon number
from about C8 to about C23 in a yield of greater than or equal to 20% suitable for production of selected hydrocarbon fuels
and fuel blend stocks.

US Pat. No. 9,492,795

MEMBRANE DEVICE AND PROCESS FOR MASS EXCHANGE, SEPARATION, AND FILTRATION

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A membrane device, comprising:
two or more membrane cassettes disposed in a stack of membrane cassettes comprising at least a first membrane cassette and
a second membrane cassette, each membrane cassette comprising

porous metal membranes disposed on respective faces of a support frame, the support frame defining an open space and comprising
a plurality of depressions located on opposing faces of the support frame, and a plurality of permeate or sweep flow slots
located on one edge or both opposing edges of the support frame and in fluid communication with the open space;

wherein a first plurality of depressions on the first membrane cassette are connectable to a second plurality of depressions
on the second membrane cassette to form a plurality of feed flow slots in the stack of membrane cassettes, the plurality of
feed flow slots and the plurality of permeate or sweep flow slots being located on respective sides of the stack of membrane
cassettes with flow paths that transport selected fluids across the surfaces of the porous membranes in the membrane cassettes
during operation that provide separation or filtration of particulates or certain molecules from the fluids introduced into
the membrane device.

US Pat. No. 9,444,096

ORGANOMETALLIC-INORGANIC HYBRID ELECTRODES FOR LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A lithium-ion battery cathode comprising:
a hybrid cathode composition comprising (a) an active material comprising a ferrocene polymer satisfying formula (2):

wherein n>0, R1 is —(CH2)—m, m=1-10, and R2?H or a methyl group, wherein the ferrocene polymer is at least 8% by weight of the lithium-ion battery cathode composition;

(b) an inorganic active material; and
(c) a first conductive material.

US Pat. No. 9,213,106

METHOD OF MEASURING LUMINESCENCE OF A MATERIAL

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A method of measuring luminescence of a material, comprising:
a. applying a light source to excite an exposed, irradiated material;
b. amplifying an emission signal of the material; and
c. measuring a luminescent emission at a fixed time window of about 10 picoseconds to about 10 nanoseconds, wherein an excitation
pulse of the light source is an approximately 10 picosecond to 300 picosecond wide pulse, and wherein the material is an alkali
halide, alkali earth halide, glass, or combinations thereof.

US Pat. No. 9,121,647

SYSTEM AND PROCESS FOR STORING COLD ENERGY

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A process for cooling a heat exchange medium, the process comprising:
transforming a solid material from a first phase to a second phase by cooling said preselected solid material
retaining the solid material in the second phase using a mechanical means until a preselected event;
cooling an exchange medium by releasing the mechanical means so as to allow the preselected solid material to undergo a phase
change from the second phase back to the first phase absorbing heat from and exchange medium; and

reusing said preselected solid material to repeat this process.

US Pat. No. 9,123,520

METHOD FOR SELECTIVE DETECTION OF EXPLOSIVES IN MASS SPECTROMETER OR ION MOBILITY SPECTROMETER AT PARTS-PER-QUADRILLION LEVEL

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A method for selective detection of volatile and non-volatile explosives in a mass spectrometer or ion mobility spectrometer
at a parts-per-quadrillion level without preconcentration, comprising the steps of:
ionizing a carrier gas with an ionization source to form reactant ions or reactant adduct ions comprising nitrate ions (NO3?);

selectively reacting the reactant ions or reactant adduct ions with at least one volatile or non-volatile explosive analyte
at a carrier gas pressure of at least about 100 Torr in a reaction region disposed between the ionization source and an ion
detector, the reaction region having a length which provides a residence time (tr) for reactant ions therein of at least about 0.10 seconds and is defined by the equation:


where:
(L) is length of the reaction region (cm);
(Vg) is reactant ion linear velocity due to flow of carrier gas (cm·s?1);

(VE) is reactant ion linear velocity due to applied electric field (cm·s?1);

(K) is mobility of reactant ions at carrier gas pressure and temperature (cm2·V?1·s?1);

(E) is electric field strength (V·cm?1);

wherein the selective reaction yields product ions comprising reactant ions or reactant adduct ions that are selectively bound
to the at least one explosive analyte when present therein; and detecting product ions with the ion detector to determine
presence or absence of the at least one explosive analyte.

US Pat. No. 9,919,264

ENHANCED GRAPHENE OXIDE MEMBRANES AND METHODS FOR MAKING SAME

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A method for making a graphene oxide membrane, comprising the step of:
casting a gel dispersion comprising graphene oxide (GO) flakes having an average diameter greater than or equal to about 100
micrometers at a substantially neutral pH onto a receiving surface.

US Pat. No. 9,862,892

HEAVY FOSSIL HYDROCARBON CONVERSION AND UPGRADING USING RADIO-FREQUENCY OR MICROWAVE ENERGY

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A method for selectively preparing paraffins from heavy fossil hydrocarbons (HFH), the method comprising:
continuously providing reactants to a reaction zone, the reactants comprising HFH, catalyst, and methane wherein the providing
the reactants to the reaction zone comprises continuously dispersing the HFH feed within a process gas to form a mixture of
the HFH feed and the process gas within the reaction zone;

exposing the reactants in the reaction zone to microwave or RF energy, the exposing selectively converting at least a portion
of the HFH to paraffins; and

recovering at least the paraffins from the reaction zone.
US Pat. No. 9,845,242

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR HIGH MASS CONCENTRATION NANO PARTICLE GENERATION

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. An apparatus for generating nano particles at high concentration comprising:
a. a solid aerosol disperser,
b. the solid aerosol disperser in communication with a furnace tube having a vaporization chamber, the vaporization chamber
having an input end and an output end,

c. a heating element in proximity to said furnace tube, the heating element capable of heating bulk materials contained within
a gas flow in the vaporization chamber to a temperature sufficient to convert the bulk materials to a vapor phase,

d. a dilution chamber having a cup receiver and an output end, the output end of the vaporization chamber in communication
with the input end of the dilution chamber,

e. wherein the cup receiver has a cup receiver outlet at the outlet end and wherein the dilution chamber further comprises
a dilution gas port disposed at the outlet end of the dilution chamber that is separate from the outlet of the cup receiver.

US Pat. No. 9,562,137

SYNTHETIC POLYMERS AND METHODS OF MAKING AND USING THE SAME

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A polymer having a formula:
wherein p is 1 or 0 and wherein when p is 1,
each T and Tf is a terminal group independently selected from hydrogen, heteroaliphatic, aliphatic, aryl, heteroaryl, aliphatic-aryl, aliphatic-heteroaryl,
heteroaliphatic-aryl, or heteroaliphatic-heteroaryl;

R1, each Rn, and Rf independently is selected from hydrogen, heteroaliphatic, aliphatic, aryl, heteroaryl, aliphatic-aryl, aliphatic-heteroaryl,
heteroaliphatic-aryl, or heteroaliphatic-heteroaryl;

Y1, each Yp, and Yf independently is selected from a bond, —C(R4)2—, oxygen, sulfur, or NR4, wherein each R4 independently is selected from hydrogen, aliphatic, heteroaliphatic, aryl, or heteroaryl and wherein R4 of NR4 and at least one of R1 or Rn are different;

W1 and each Wa independently is selected from —C(R4)2, oxygen, sulfur, or NR4, wherein each R4 independently is selected from hydrogen, aliphatic, heteroaliphatic, aryl, or heteroaryl;

Z1 and each Zb independently is selected from heteroaryl, oxygen, sulfur, or NR4, wherein R4 is selected from hydrogen, aliphatic, cyclic heteroaliphatic comprising one or more heteroatoms selected from oxygen, sulfur,
selenium, phosphorous, or oxidized forms thereof, acyclic heteroaliphatic, heteroaryl, or aryl;

L1 and each Lq independently is selected from aliphatic, heteroaliphatic, aryl, heteroaryl, carbosilane, silane, siloxane, polycarbosilane,
polysilane, or polysiloxane;

m ranges from 2 to 1000; andwhen p is 0,
each T and Tf is a terminal group independently selected from hydrogen, heteroaliphatic, aliphatic, aryl, heteroaryl, aliphatic-aryl, aliphatic-heteroaryl,
heteroaliphatic-aryl, or heteroaliphatic-heteroaryl;

at least one of R1, Rn, and Rf is hydrogen, and remaining R1, Rn, and Rf independently are selected from heteroaliphatic, aliphatic, aryl, heteroaryl, aliphatic-aryl, aliphatic-heteroaryl, heteroaliphatic-aryl,
or heteroaliphatic-heteroaryl;

at least one of Y1, Yp, and Yf independently is selected from a bond, oxygen, sulfur, or NR4, wherein R4 is hydrogen, and remaining Y1, Yp, and Yf are selected from a bond, —C(R4)2—, oxygen, sulfur, or NR4, wherein each R4 independently is selected from hydrogen, aliphatic, heteroaliphatic, aryl, or heteroaryl;

W1 and each Wa independently is selected from —C(R4)2, oxygen, sulfur, or NR4, wherein each R4 independently is selected from hydrogen, aliphatic, heteroaliphatic, aryl, or heteroaryl;

Z1 and each Zb independently is selected from heteroaryl, oxygen, sulfur, or NR4, wherein R4 is selected from hydrogen, aliphatic, heteroaliphatic, heteroaryl, or aryl;

L1 and each Lq independently is selected from aliphatic, heteroaliphatic, aryl, heteroaryl, carbosilane, silane, siloxane, polycarbosilane,
polysilane, or polysiloxane;

m ranges from 2 to 1000; and
provided that when p is 0
any one or more of R1 or Rn are not hydrogen if Y1 or Yp is NR4 where R4 is hydrogen and any one or more of L1 or Lq is phenyl;

any one or more of R1 or Rn are not hydrogen if Y1 or Yp is NR4 where R4 is hydrogen; any one or more of W1 or Wa is O; any one or more of L1 or Lq is —CH2—C(4-decyloxybenzyl)2-CH2—; and any one of Z1 or Zb is NH; and

at least one of R1, Y1, W1, Z1, or L1 is different from at least one Rn, Yp, Wa, Zb, or Lq, respectively.

US Pat. No. 9,339,785

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR ACOUSTICALLY-ASSISTED HYDROPROCESSING AT LOW PRESSURE

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A method of hydroprocessing a feedstock comprising one or more hydrocarbon compounds carried in, or mixed with, a transport
gas, the method comprising:
flowing the feedstock through a reaction zone in a reactor, the reaction zone having a bulk pressure less than 3 atm;
applying acoustic energy through the reaction zone; and
chemically reacting the hydrocarbon compounds with a hydrogen source in the presence of a catalyst, said reacting occurring
in the reaction zone.

US Pat. No. 9,079,136

THIN, POROUS METAL SHEETS AND METHODS FOR MAKING THE SAME

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A method of fabricating a thin, porous metal sheet, the method characterized by the steps of:
Preparing a slurry comprising between 10 and 50 wt % solvent and between 20 and 80 wt % non-metallic powder of a metal oxide,
metal hydride or metalorganic, the non-metallic powder comprising average particle sizes from 100 nm to 5 ?m;

Casting the slurry into a green body having a thickness between 10 and 200 ?m;
Firing the green body thereby converting the metal oxide, metal hydride or metalorganic into a metallic state and yielding
a fired body; and

Sintering, annealing or flattening the fired body to yield the thin, porous metal sheet having a metallic backbone of networked
pore structures in three dimensions with a porosity between 25% and 75% by volume, and with an average pore diameter less
than or equal to 2 ?m.

US Pat. No. 9,873,516

LOW PROFILE PASS-THROUGH ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A flying vehicle comprising a conductive assembly disposed on an aerodynamic surface, the conductive assembly, comprising:
a heating element or antenna;
an electrically conductive pin that is electrically connected to the heating element or antenna;
a mating socket that is adapted to mate with the conductive pin; and
an electrically insulating sleeve disposed around the circumference of the pin or mating socket; wherein the electrically
insulating sleeve comprises a conically-shaped countersunk aperture;

wherein the heating element or antenna is disposed on the exterior surface of the flying vehicle and the electrically conducting
pin and mating socket form an electrical pathway from the exterior of the flying vehicle to the interior;

wherein the electrically insulating sleeve comprises a threaded polymer and the pin is a screw-type pin that is adapted to
screw through the threaded polymer; and

wherein a lead is sandwiched between the head of the screw and the electrically insulating sleeve.

US Pat. No. 9,856,505

IDENTIFICATION OF MYCOPLASM CONTAMINATION USING RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A method of detecting mycoplasma in a manufacturing application, comprising:
collecting a sample from a cell culture used by a manufacturing application;
controlling an optical imaging system implementing a Raman spectrometer to direct a laser to a targeted volume within a sample
area so as to collect a Raman spectrum of a single cell of a known cell line of interest;

receiving, by a processor, the Raman spectrum;
accessing reference spectra uniquely associated with the known cell line and which describes the known line, the reference
spectra comprising at least one of: spectral measurements of mycoplasma by itself, and a contaminated cell line;

comparing, using the processor, the reference spectra to the collected spectrum by computing a difference spectrum from the
collected spectrum and a select spectrum of the reference spectra;

identifying whether there is at least one unnatural molecular composition within the collected spectrum based upon the comparison
of the reference spectra to the collected spectrum by evaluating differences at select spectral positions of the difference
spectrum that indicate unnatural molecular compositions;

providing an indication as to whether mycoplasma is detected in the collected Raman spectrum where at least one unnatural
molecular composition is identified within the collected spectrum; and

stopping the manufacturing application where mycoplasma is detected in the collected Raman spectrum.

US Pat. No. 9,835,698

DEVICES AND PROCESS FOR HIGH-PRESSURE MAGIC ANGLE SPINNING NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A MAS rotor device, comprising:
a rotor sleeve comprising at least one bushing disposed at an end adjacent a threaded surface along the inner wall defining
a high-pressure sample cell that spans the inner diameter of the rotor sleeve; and

a threaded sealing valve that secures to a valve adapter secured in one of the at least one bushings configured to seal a
sample within the sample cell preventing sample release at high sample cell pressures at least above 1 bar.

US Pat. No. 9,793,566

AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTES FOR REDOX FLOW BATTERY SYSTEMS

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. An aqueous catholyte for use in a redox flow battery system, comprising:
a catholyte aqueous supporting solution; and
an electrochemically active component comprising
(i) a monosubstituted, disubstituted, trisubstituted, or tetrasubstituted thiourea having a general formula I

wherein R1-R4 independently are hydrogen, aliphatic, substituted aliphatic, alkoxy, substituted alkoxy, acyl, substituted acyl, aryl, substituted
aryl, arylalkyl, substituted arylalkyl, alkylaryl, or substituted alkylaryl, the optionally substituted thiourea having a
concentration sufficient to charge a redox flow battery system when the optionally substituted thiourea is oxidized, and/or

(ii) a water-soluble nitroxyl radical compound having a general formula II

wherein n is 0, 1, or 2,
R5-R6 and R9-R14 independently are hydrogen, aliphatic, substituted aliphatic, halo, hydroxyl, carboxyl, amino, cyano, or thiol, and

each R7 and R8 independently is hydrogen, optionally substituted aliphatic, halo, hydroxyl, carboxyl, amino, cyano, or thiol, the water-soluble
nitroxyl radical compound having a concentration sufficient to charge a redox flow battery system when the water-soluble nitroxyl
radical compound is oxidized.

US Pat. No. 9,792,435

ANOMALY DETECTION FOR VEHICULAR NETWORKS FOR INTRUSION AND MALFUNCTION DETECTION

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier training device comprising:
a computer including at least one microprocessor programmed to train a Support Vector Machine (SVM) one-class classifier using
a Radial Basis Function (RBF) kernel K calculated using the equation:

K(xi?xj)=e???xi?xj)?2 where x? and ?>0

where is a set of all real numbers, xi and xj are features of a training set, and ? represents a curvature of a hyperplane and varies with message density D in time according
to:


where Var(D) represents a message density variance of the training set, the SVM one-class classifier being trained by the
computer to perform anomaly monitoring of a controller area network (CAN) bus employing a message-based communication protocol
by operations including:

receiving the training set comprising vectors with associated times representing CAN bus messages;
calculating the hyperplane curvature parameter ? functionally dependent on the message density D in time; and
training the SVM one-class classifier on the training set using the calculated ?.
US Pat. No. 9,707,508

SYSTEM AND PROCESS FOR POLARITY SWING ASSISTED REGENERATION OF GAS SELECTIVE CAPTURE LIQUIDS

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A process characterized by polarity-swing assisted regeneration of a non-aqueous switchable CO2 binding organic liquid, the regeneration including the step of:
heating a bound non-aqueous switchable CO2 binding organic liquid—(CO2BOL) having CO2 bound thereto in the presence of a liquid non-polar organic anti-solvent temperature less than 120° C. to perform the polarity
swing to release the bound CO2 from the CO2BOL and regenerate said CO2BOL.

US Pat. No. 9,708,653

METHODS AND COMPOSITIONS FOR IDENTIFYING REPEATING SEQUENCES IN NUCLEIC ACIDS

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A method for identifying repeating sequences in a target nucleic acid comprising repeating sequences and non-repeating
sequences, the method comprising the steps of
sequencing the target nucleic acid to obtain sequence data;
digitizing, with one or more processors, the sequence data;
applying, with the one or more processors, wavelet packet decomposition (WPD) to decompose the digitized sequence data into
non-periodic signal data and periodic signal data comprising coefficients;

classifying, with the one or more processors, the non-periodic signal data into a non-repeat bin and the periodic signal data
into a repeat bin based upon the coefficients; and

identifying the repeating sequences in the target nucleic acid by matching, with the one or more processors, only the coefficients
from the periodic signal data in the repeat bin to reference coefficients generated from WPD of a reference sequence.

US Pat. No. 9,581,574

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DETECTING ODORANTS IN HYDROCARBON GASES

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A portable device for detecting thiol odorants in a hydrocarbon gas, the device comprising:
a housing;
at least one piezo-crystalline substrate disposed in the housing and located for fluid communication with the hydrocarbon
gas,

a coating on the piezo-crystalline substrate, the coating capable of reacting specifically with and capturing thiol components
from a gaseous phase, while substantially not reacting with the hydrocarbon gas itself;

a power source;
an oscillator circuit, the piezo-crystalline substrate forming a part of the oscillator circuit, whereby, when powered by
the power source, the piezo-crystalline substrate oscillates at a first frequency prior being exposed to thiol odorants in
a gas, and at a second frequency after being exposed to thiol odorants in the gas and capturing thiols in the coating, the
second frequency differing from the first frequency in proportion to the amount of thiol captured.

US Pat. No. 9,519,677

DATA GRAPHING METHODS, ARTICLES OF MANUFACTURE, AND COMPUTING DEVICES

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A data graphing method comprising;
accessing a data set;
displaying a graphical representation including data of the data set which is arranged according to a first of a plurality
of different hierarchical levels, wherein the first hierarchical level represents the data of the data set at a first of a
plurality of different resolutions which respectively correspond to respective ones of the hierarchical levels;

selecting a portion of the graphical representation wherein the data of the portion is arranged according to the first hierarchical
level at the first resolution, wherein the selecting comprises selecting as a result of a query from a user;

modifying the graphical representation by arranging the data of the portion including a plurality of foreground nodes according
to a second of the hierarchical levels at a second of the resolutions which is an increased resolution compared with the first
resolution;

after the modifying, displaying the graphical representation wherein the data of the portion is arranged according to the
second hierarchical level at the second resolution and a plurality of background nodes of the data which were not selected
are arranged according to the first hierarchical level at the first resolution; and

wherein the displaying after the modifying comprises displaying the data of the portion at a location and having a shape which
correspond to a location and a shape of the portion of the graphical representation before the modifying.

US Pat. No. 9,366,736

SEALED MAGIC ANGLE SPINNING NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE PROBE AND PROCESS FOR SPECTROSCOPY OF HAZARDOUS SAMPLES

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A sealable Magic Angle Spinning (MAS) Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) probe, comprising:
an electrically shielded probe body having an inner enclosure that defines a first containment volume and is releasably sealed
by selective compressive engagement of a sealing device to a base platform, the inner enclosure configured to enclose a stator
assembly that receives a rotor containing a sample therein; and

an outer enclosure that defines a second containment volume therein, and is adaptably sealable by secured connection to the
probe body the outer enclosure when secured to the probe body covers the inner enclosure preventing release of the sample
materials in the event of a breach in the inner enclosure or release of the sample materials within the MAS NMR probe.

US Pat. No. 10,125,595

DIELS-ALDER COUPLED PROPPANT BINDER RESINS

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A method of binding proppants in an underground formation, comprising:delivering a slurry comprising a first resin coated proppant and a second resin coated proppant through a wellbore;
contacting the first resin coated proppant with the second resin coated proppant in the underground formation at a temperature sufficient to cause the resin coating on the first resin coated proppant to react with the resin coating on the second resin coated proppant in a Diels Alder reaction;
wherein a reactive component in the resin coating on the first resin coated proppant consists essentially of one or more dienes and wherein a reactive component in the resin coating on the second resin coated proppant consists essentially of one or more dienophiles.